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anumaldóit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anumaldóit or dil.ie/3845

 

n (umaldóit) lack of humility; disrespect, disobedience: is hé dorigni a.¤ dó, Trip.² 1949 . arin anumallóit dorigni do Pátraic, 2176 . i llóg . . . t'anahumollóti, 624 . rogabta i cact co nanhumaloit friu and disrespectfully treated, AU i 336.11 . anumaldoit hi fail dirgi , ZCP iii 450 n.8 . as ced don anmanna dorinne anumhaloid ce dogné umhalóitt, BNnÉ 29 § 34 .

cétnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétnae or dil.ie/8944
Last Revised: 2019

 

io, iā.

I As ord. num. (the) first (with follg. noun). In Sg. somet. cétna (the usual form in later texts), and in O. Ir. glosses somet. uninflected (see GOI 230 ; isin chétne tuiste, Wb. 1a1 ). cétna persan, Sg. 191a2 . cenid ed as chetnae n-áis in homine , Ml. 44c26 . cétna netargna, Sg. 197b10 . áinsid . . . cetni diil `of the first declension', 91b4 . tobarthid cétnæ diil, 76b4 . cétna cobedne (g s.), 168b1 . far cétnu diull, 90b1 . hicétni persin, 163b6 . cetnastoir ┐ stoir tanusti, Hib. Min. 10.313 . ésci cétna mís, PH 5071 . cētna cath fiche twenty-first, ZCP xi 109 § 19 .

With follg. clause: is he céetne fer cetaruchreti . . . hi Crist, Wb. 7b11 . issí chetne aram sainigedar fri hunáir, Sg. 41b9 . issi cetna cumal ceta-ra-gaib, Laws v 394.3 . cetnagnim gnisset, SR 4197 . ónchetna duini robúi, 7889 . is e didiu cetna ndeiginach ro dhuisid `c'est le même qui le dernier ressuscita', Études Celt. ii 298.28 , cf. ZCP iii 35.25 .

With prec. art.: in cetnae sians, Ml. 36a33 . in chetna persan, Sg. 157b3 . ind cetna cétaoin, Mon. Tall. 156.1 . incetni persin (a s.), Sg. 159a2 . in cétnu slisiu, RC xxvii 280 § 35 . dar in cétna ṁbraini, MU² 505 . ó aicniud na cétne tuis- ten, Wb. 21b4 . inna cétnisillabæ `of the first syllable', Sg. 212b1 . huan cetnu dedól ind laithi, Ml. 136b1 . fon c.¤ ṅdul, 126d8a (see Études Celt. xl 82 ). ised fil isin c.¤ chetbuid, Ml. 115a14 (rectius chétnae). isin chetna sillaib, Sg. 18b2 . don chétni persin 52a19 . is in cetna nous fer nErend, Laws i 12.4 . an cetna fecht the first time, D IV 2, 75 rb 23 . donaib cétnaib forcitlaib gl. primis institutionibus, Ml. 14a12 .

With follg. clause: na cetnæ rainne bis isin chomsuidigthiu, Sg. 18b1 . With prec. poss. a cétnae n-ais `its first age', Ml. 87b10 . im chétni precept, Wb. 31a1 . As subst. ar nídad ferr-si in chétnu `for ye are not better than at first', Wb. 8c7 . in cédna ro thoimélad the first person who should eat, FDG² 222 . an ceudna the first (in list), RSClára 149b . ? tuargaib a tech . . . co riacht a dirgi fesin inna cetna, LU 8402 ( FB 28 ).

As preverb: (cf. ceta-, cét-): cétnaronas who was the first to be bound, ZCP viii 320.31 . is la N. cetnaroacht múr B., Rawl. 71a32 . M. las' cētna crecad, Corp. Gen. 363.15 . la C. cétna hort, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.28 . R. cetnaragaib cath nIndide do lāim, Ériu iii 141.214 . cia cetna ro-forchan?, PH 6410 . Cf. combad a ben cetna tísad issa tech ar thús, LU 8272 ( FB 21 ) (if not here in sense of fadéin

II With prec. art. and noun (the) same (exceptionally: co cétnu chórus, Críth G. 438 ): in trop c.¤ , Ml. 77b6 . infogur cétna, Sg. 203b9 . a cumachtae c.¤ , Ml. 48a21 . a folad cetne, Sg. 28b20 . cen forcenn ind ḟolaid chéthnai, 19 . ? ar is écsamil acenél cetne fil isindí as mare ┐ as nilus, 211a14 (? leg. cetamus , Strachan, note). na precepta cétni, Wb. 17b20 . forsna sunu cétnai, Ml. 133d2 . fon coir cetna, Laws ii 246.1 , see ZCP xiv 351 . bretha in ríg cétnai, Fél. Prol. 202 . an cumat cenda (sic) soin, BB 275a16 . isnaib cressaibh cétnaibh, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . do chungid in chon chētna the same dog (i.e. just mentioned), Sc.M² 1 . is an riocht chéadna in its former condition, Dán Dé xii 15 . d'indsaigid in Chaladonda cetna that very C., TTebe 3193 . an Ní céanna, Donlevy 88.18 . With prec. poss.: a chomméit cétna the same quantity, Sc.M² 2 .

In follg. perh. in use similar to that of fadéin: ro faidid co Sithchend cetna iad to S. himself(?), RC xxiv 196.2 . do-chuaidh don bith cétna che, BB 59a4 . Traoi chédna, O'R. Poems 1781 `the veritable . . . Troy', Gloss. dodeachaidh badhdēin cétna a persain, Fl. Earls 214.20 . air Anna Boilen, a inghin chéadna, Hard. ii 314.7 . ? do bheir tuile ar dtráigh céadna, Dán Dé xxxi 13 . ? iar cech mebail chetni, O'Mulc. 403 .

III As subst. the same (person, thing, etc.): bad hé a fer in cétne let the same one be her husband, Wb. 9d32 (`first'). Cf. donānic ar tinnorcain in chētna, TBC-I¹ 1086 = LU 5569 . la taisecc in gill innad on inna don in cetna, Laws v 422.8 ( CIH ii 477.19 ). Adv. tiagait fora rēmim in chētna they proceed on the same course, Ériu viii 157.3 nocho n-oo, nochon sinu in cétnu (i.e. Día, subject of preceding sentences), Ériu ii 106 § 16 . ní hed mo ass a cétne 'it is not my same milk', CMMucr. (Sc. Éog.) 66 § 8 (see The Heroic Biography of Cormac mac Airt 129f. n. 39 ). immon cétna, LU 1142 . a cétna, Bodl. Dinds. 18 . frisa cedna `in the same way', Mon. Tall. 138.12 . an cetna the same thing, TTebe 4840 . ca rád na cétna, CRR 26 . in ccédna dhuitsí the same to thee, ITS v 18.12 . gus na cineadhaibh do choimhēd an ccēdna gus a-niú (i.e. seanchus), Celtica i 88.17 . an cēanda (sic) do dhēanamh, Beatha S. F. 2465 . In later lang. freq. in phr. mar an gc.¤ in the same way, also, too : piseacla do cheangal isan tunna sin mur an gcēadhna, Celtica iv 67.88 . mar an gcētna `likewise', Fl. Earls 78.20 .

cride

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cride or dil.ie/12925
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: croidhe, cridhe

n io, [n., 230 , GOI 179, et al. See also: cride n-ega, ScM. § 15 . cride n-dracon, FB2 56.16 . téit isna cride cáda 'he enters the pious hearts' Blathm. 647 . It is not certain that c.¤ is pl. (and hence n.) in: rombói fíal amirisse eterac.¤ `between their hearts (and him)', Wb. 15a29 . i c.¤ cáich gl. ut sermo Domini currat, 26a33 . badlethan formenme ┐ forc.¤ , 16a15 . Cf. nístabir a c.¤ `their heart brings them not', 16a30 . corop inonn cretem bes hifar cridiu etc., 7d10 . In none of the foregoing has the Latin lemma the word cor. In: cosrid hi far cridib gl. studete, Ml. 68a15 the gloss may have been infl. by corda of psalm]. Later crai-, croi- (infl. by crú, cródae(?), GOI 102 ). As early as LL: craide, LL iv 31176 . ancraide, iv 31575 . croidhe, cridhe, m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.20) .

(a 1) physical heart of humans or animals: .i. ata lobru amal rongab cride et óa et inmedóncha áili 'i.e. which are weaker, such as the heart and liver and other internal organs' Wb. 12 b 1 . .i. is edh is cardiaca and .i. crith gluasachta in craidi 'cardiaca is a tremulous movement of the heart' Rosa Angl. 120.1 .

(a) heart (us. as seat of emotions): imbo hochridiu fanacc, Wb. 27c11 . a thuidecht ic.¤ tar ési dǽ gl. nolite locum dare diabulo, 22b5 . hiclaar cridi gl. in tabulís cordis, 15a11 . c.¤ ┐ óa ┐ inmedóncha áili, 12b1 . cen chongain cridi gl. cum inpunitate cordis, Ml. 90d10 . dirgi hochridiu gl. rectos . . . corde, 30b2 . 56a20 . cenn cridi gl. uiscus `the end of the heart', Sg. 111b5 . ? sén lat cend mo cridi, Mon. Tall. 131.16 (`guard with thy head my heart'). c.¤ .i. don crit[h] forsa mbī, Corm. Y 267 . do airchisiucht do cridhi, Blathm. 144 . cridhe glan, Ériu xiii 26.15 . cid dúrdae a ch.¤ , Fél. Ep. 194 . c.¤ licce (of warrior), Sc.M² 15 . tir doberar do eaclais . . . nad facaib easlan a craidhe `leaves no discomfort of heart', Laws v 428.5 . fo déig cridi do máthar, LU 5021 (TBC). c.¤ níad, LU 3848 ( SCC 38 ). i socraidi (is ó chraidi, SC2) labrait biuil, 3875 (ibid.). maidid a ch.¤ isin gillu, LL 14342 . ba béim c.¤ fri cliab leis (Culann at death of his dog), TBC-LL² 894 . ar crúas a craided, Fianaig. 88.11 . a ch.¤ tairise do rúnaib Dé, PH 8336 . co rotregdastair a craideada, TTebe 2782 . co craidhi maith willingly , ZCP vi 28.5 . See conguin

In phr. do-icc c.¤ x for y x takes pity on y: ní táinic cride neich díb fair acht cride Con-Brettan 'none of them had sympathy for him except Cú Brettan', Cath Almaine 4.43 . tic a cridhi fair ┐ ba trog lais, Aen. 2643 . tanic cridi na nGrec co mor . . . ar I., TTebe 2759 . táinig a chroidhe uirre `his heart yearned to it' (a child), Keat. iii 2119 .

(b) centre, middle part, focus : Mide . . . / c.¤ na Banba bricce, Rawl. 163b20 . C. Hérenn Cell Dara, Triads 4 . i cridhibh pene `in cores of pain', Lism. L. 3637 . di neoch nad roacht c.¤ cathæ, RC xii 104 § 148 . craide chuissi `the sole of the foot', Bretha 2A . ar chroidhibh na ccos, 23 K 42, 166a.6 . c.¤ coise ┐ láime `palm of hand and sole of foot', O'Gr. Cat. 269.12 . cridhe a dearnann gur deargadh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 226.2 . ar a chroidhe don taoibh asticch dā lāmhuinn, Beatha S. F. 3157 . Of wounds of Christ (in classical verse): a chóig chroidhe / cóig róid toighe na trócoire, Aithd. D. 89.16 . ar sgoltadh a chóig gcroidhe, DDána 23.26 . dá chroidhe na ngéag-bhonn nglan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 4 . Cf. a chóig créachta ar a chóig cridhibh (of stigmata of St. Francis), PBocht 1.9 .

(c) affection, love; dear one : ferr cride gíallnai (gialla, v.l.) 'better affection than submission', BFF 6.54 . c.¤ he / daire cno, IT iii 100 § 177 . bí 'com chobair a ch.¤ (Christ), Ériu vi 115 § 8 . bíodh a cridhe ag cách `love', PBocht 5.14 . gomadh hé ar gcroidhe an caomhthach darling, DDána 121.18 . mo chroidhe an béal sochruidh saor `dear is . . . ', A. Ó Dálaigh xxvii 6 . leith mo chroidhe an cu . . . ┐ leith croidhe na co(i)n me (of Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), RC x 337. 8 , 9 . cridhe sgol na tíre thíar, Bard. P. 6. 16 . ar ṅdí gérait chridi dear, Fél. Sept. 27 . a Christ chridi, Ériu iii 31 § 20 . Gaillem ch.¤ `beloved G.', Metr. Dinds. iii 320.43 . ba mind craidi doib uili itir firu ┐ mnaib, BB 436b32 . Cillein c.¤ , Gorm. March 12 . mo chuid cridhe my dear, LBranach 4274 . a cháirde croidhe, Rial. S.F. 213 . See s.v. cnú

(d) valour : ant aenmac rig doba mo clu ┐ c.¤ `courage', Ann. Conn. 1362.9 . gur shní croidhe a gcolga, LBranach 4728 `valour', n. croídhe ┐ caráisti, Párl. na mB. 102 . croidhe ón fheart fhalamh ní uair consolation, DDána 30.29 .

In n. pr. Maccridhe .i. mac craidhe, Mart. Don. Aug. 11 i.e. son by affection or adoption, n.

Compds. With nouns. tucc . . . cridh-airchisecht compassion of heart, BNnÉ 87.21 . forbair derci ┐ cridirchisechta, LB 257a14 . a crithairchisid . . . cecha trōighe `o heart's pitier', Otia ii 98 § 34 (see note p. 104). contrísio .i. croidhebhrúdh, Parrth. Anma 1786 . acfainn . . . a gcreachta 's a gcroidhechéasta power to despoil and torment them, Ó Bruad. iii 12.y . nir bo chridḟer 'mon cóem-ḟlaith `favourite with', Metr. Dinds. iii 350.26 . ba hé-som mo chrideṡerc darling, Liad. and Cuir. 24.20 . cridṡerc mo menman míne, LL 18199 . See cridiscél. With adjj. derived from nouns: bid crid-oirchisechtach dúind, PH 181 . do fhréimh Cholla chridhiorghalaigh, DDána 89.4 . nibacéle cridserccach, SR 6016 . cartanaigh crideshercaigh . . . imoroile, Leb. Gab.(i) 224.18 .

2 dath-, daith-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dath-, daith- or dil.ie/14729
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Dathgus, dath-imdae, dathchalmae

adj in -n compounds. 1 dath colour, complexion , 1 and 2 daith bright, nimble . It is not always easy to decide between dath- and daith- as the latter undoubtedly already in early Old-Ir. before broad consonants occasionally assumed the form dath-, cf. the cpds. with taith- and aith-. In Mid.-Ir. daith- and dath- are equivalent as far as the pronunciation is concerned. dath-aigthech bright-faced, of a bright appearance : do bhocóidibh donn bhána dealbhsnuighte dathaightheacha duinnsgiath, ML 128. 17 . dath-álaind of lovely colour, fair of hue or complexion; opp. dathgrándae: déd dathálaind ┐ láṁa dírgha datháille ┐ corp sneachtaighi, Ériu iii 152. 22 . colptha dírgi datháilli, RC xxiv 200. 2 . a dathaib dígraissi dathálli, TTr. 141 . a sgiath dubhghorm dathálainn, OCT 17.6 . in dias niamdha ndatháluinn, Acall. 1871 . dá óclach donna datháille drechṡoillsi, TBC-LL¹ 5458 . buiden eile...pa dígrais dathalainn étrochtglan fociochlatar isin tulaigh, ib. 5545 . a láim Dhúthaigh dhatháluinn, Oss. vi 140. 12 . Of the Tuatha Dé Danann: roghabh flaitheas ┐ forláṁas air Thuathaibh datháille D. D., OCT 1.3 . datharmach of bright weapons: rothuitset .u. fir déc díghraisi datharmach do maccaib Morna, Acall. 2134 , Rawl. (degarmach, Lism.). Cf. claidmi...datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 1 . dathballach with a speckled skin, speckled, spotted. Of a hound: iomdha cú dathbhallach dian, Duan. F. 83. 9 . dath-bind: atgeoin dán dathbinn nach dreis, B IV 2, 143 b ( ACL iii 308 § 33 ). Cf. dán dathglan, Keat. 3419 . dath-bord only in poetry: Druim drechṡlemon na ndathbord (: rathbard) Druim Dairbrech of the coloured banks LL 192 a 20 (cf. bláthbord LL 154 b 41 ). dath-buadach: Dairmach d., Reeves Ad. 272 . Dath-cháin npr. m. (of lovely colour), Acall. 6589 . Dathchaoin, SG 259. 5 . dath-chlód a change, variation or diversity of colour P. O'C. Cf. 1 dath III. Dath-gal ā, npr. m. gen. mac Dathgaile, Rawl. 161 a 14 . See Daith-gel. Cf. Dath-gus, Dathnat, Dathge. dathgel white of skin, of a fair complexion. Moelsechluind mac Domnaill dathgil (v.l. daithghil) IT iii 71. 2 . re hingin daithghil an ríogh, Ériu i 16. 14 . Ádam ┐ Eba cona ndáinib daithgela, Lec. 347 b 29 . Daithgel npr. m., v. supra. dath-glan pure coloured: Aed Glas dathglan delbda, Gorm. Feb. 16 . ri déine...clainni dathglaini Dardáin, TTr. 1690 . craeb dh., SG 351. 38 . la dán ndathnglan, Keat. 3419 . Daminis...na ndán ndathglan LL 141 b 25 . dath-grándae hideous of colour or skin; opp. d.¤-álaind, d.¤-grinn: .vii. mba dubha duaibhsiocha dathghránna, ML 4. 13 . na duibhnéallaibh doiṁne dúaibhseacha dathghránna drúise, TSh. 58. 15 . dath-grinn = dathálaind: a ṁáthair daithgrind dhíles, BB 406 b 15 . Dathgus u, npr. m. (1) Son of Baeth, king of the Dési. (2) Son of Aed. (3) Son of Lachtnán. (4) Son of Máiltenn. Daithgius mac Aeda, BB 86 a 46 . gen.: guin Dathgusa mic Báith rí na nDéssi, Tig. RC xvii 236. 5 . Dathgusa meic Lachtnán, BB 195 c 47 . Dathgusa meic Máilteinn, 194 b 38 . Daitusa (sic) meic Aeda, 86 a 53 . iugulatio Daithgussa AU i 184. 5 f.b. (A.D. 731). mac Daithgiusa, Rawl. 154 a 22 ; the form Daithgius, g s. Daithgiusa, points to a compound with 1 dath or 2 dath-. dath-imdae many-coloured . Of the ships of the Spaniards: a long dúbha dúaibhsiocha dathiomdha, ML 44. 24 . Daith-lenn bright mantle, the name of a hound: Dóilin ┐ Daithlend .i. dá choin Mæle Ḟothartaig, RC xiii 377. 21 . dath-muirnech: dobudh ruathar réidh roṁuirneach rabharta an réim sin ┐ ba tinneanas tineadh déine dathṁuirnighe doṁainloisgthe an ionnsaighe, ML 114. 4 ; cf. the cpd. ciothṁuirneach, ib. 102. 27 . dath-ogom the ogham of the colours BB 310 b 27. dath-óiph beauty of complexion: rí co ndathaeb (: tatháir) SR 5255 . dath-órda golden coloured ZCP i 429. 10 f.b. dath-phell a coloured skin: lí dathpill (: rí Raithlinn) IT iii 96. 22 . dath-rath: Domitian co ndathrath (: cathbath), Gorm. Jul. 1 . Stokes' explanation in the vocabulary is wrong. dath-rind: atchiu carpat co ndathrind tauthat sluagu is bodbdae, TBC-LL¹ 1088 LU (v.l. condatrindi Badbae YBL). Dath-snatha gen. of artificial npr.: Lesan mac D., Anecd. ii 55. 17 (v.l. dagṡúaithe, v. Manners and Customs ii 133 ). dath-ṡúairc of bright, cheery colours, bright-hued: tig nech...fri dered domain datṡúairc (v.l. dathálaind), Fen. 298. 20 .

II daith bright , v.s. I.

III daith swift, nimble , q.v. Here probably dathchalmae: Budi mac Deirg dathchalma, Ériu v 221. 6 , ib. 248. 10 ; but this was hardly the reading of the original.

IV Interchanging with dag-, deg-: dath-armach: degarmach, Acall. 2134 , v.s. I; in such cases deg- seems due to confusion with Mid.-Ir. dadh- = dag, deg; cf. the phon. spelling Daith-gel BB 76 a 30 = Daithgil.

2 deil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 deil or dil.ie/15168

 

Forms: del, deil, deil, del, del, deleth, deled, delend, delind, deil, deil, deled, deil

n prob. f., cf. n s. del chlis, LU 5146 . a s. deil chniss (sic), LL 9688 (TBC). n s. deil, Thes. ii 295 . SR 4269 . del, Corm. Y 478 . v s. del, BB 302b35 . g s. deleth, TBC-I¹ 1504 . deled, TBC-LL¹ 1270 . delend, 2104 . delind, 2552 . a s. deil, SR 5785 . TBC-LL¹ 1265 , etc. n du. da deil , TBC-LL¹ 5377 . g p. deled, RC xii 102 § 144 . deil f., IGT Decl. § 14 .

Orig. a split piece of wood (?), cf. 1 deil; hence a straight piece of wood in general, cf. Cormac's explanation of delg: .i. del fora dírge, Corm. 17 . d.¤ .i. slat, O'Cl. Glossed dírech, H 3.17, 688 .

I

(a) charioteer's wand, goad: rogabastár idata . . . a ech ┐ a del intlassi ina desra, TBC-I¹ 1882 = TBC-LL¹ 2539 . anmanna na n-arudh . . . anmanna na ndeled batur na lamaib, RC xii 102 . Hence O'Don. Suppl. 617 : d.¤ .i. echlasc. immorchor ṅdelend (name of a charioteer's feat), MU² 250 . imorchor ndelind, TBC-I¹ 1893 , TBC-LL¹ 2552 . By O'Dav. 593 taken as = gae. Also cor ṅdelend (one of Cú Chulainn's feats), TBC-LL¹ 2104 = cor ndeleth, TBC-I¹ 1503 (ndeled, LU). cor ndeled, LU 10341 = corndeliud (sic), ZCP iii 255 .

(b) d.¤ chliss spear or missile of some kind; one of Cú Chulainn's weapons, equated with sleg, TBC-I¹ 663 ; with cleitíne, 1915 . In TBC-LL¹ 1265 : dobér-sa mo láim fon d.¤ cliss dó .i. fon n-ubull n-athlegtha n-iarnaide, of a sling (strictly of the staff of the sling, crann tabaill). diamtar tresa deile clis, B IV 2, 132a18 = 3 C 13 , 926 . deil chniss, TBC-LL¹ 2575 , d.¤ cnís, 2539 v.l.

(c) piece of wood used in yoking cattle: co craunn . . . remidir d.¤ damchuṅga, SR 5764 .

(d) upright supporting a roof beam: d.¤ telchinni tiar is tair . . . fri torgbáil na drumslaite, SR 4269 (of the tabernacle). da d.¤ dirgi . . . ri tocbail na drumslaiti, BB 241b51 .

(e) is amhlaidh do bhí an ceard, ┐ corcán ar d.¤ aige, TSh. 314 , `turner's lathe ', Gloss.

? .x. mbruit cuinsce clithar co ndelib indeitbear, Ériu ii 4 .

II Fig. of a hero, king, etc., prop, pillar, support (?): in d.¤ dúrchathach na tress, SR 6115 ; 5785. ina airdde, adbul d.¤, | secht ferchubait córe sein, 5755 (of Goliath). Aed oll . . . in d.¤ delgnaide, Thes. ii 295.3 . caem hua Cerbaill . . . in del delbglan, LL 184a56 . ba d.¤, ba bróe ri cech n-airc, 44b26 . in del Dagda, 181a10 = in d.¤ D., BB 400a6 . a del tresa torthoraig, BB 302b35 ( IT iii 41 ). in d.¤ degrach donn, Metr. Dinds. iii 194 . dā d.¤ . . . dā treitill Ulad, TBC-I¹ 3315 = TBC-LL¹ 5377 . ni ḟuil trénfer a thressi . . . na d.¤ a déini, LL 238a27 . Domhnall d.¤ ard uile mhaith, AFM 919 (poem) (ii 582).

dírge, dírga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dírge, dírga or dil.ie/16725

 

n , f. (díriuch)

(a) act of directing; straightness, directness: cuindrigthea .i. d.¤ gl. dirigendi, Ml. 41d1 . d.¤ ┐ airdbe directing and killing, 5 . on dirgi gl. directione (telorum), 65a6 . ar lagat inna saigte ┐ ara dirgi , 80b7 . cruindæ no dirge roundness or straightness, Sg. 3b18 . ainmnigud inna dulo in dírgi the naming of the thing in directness, 76b7 . tuargaib a tech . . . co riacht a dirgi fesin, FB 28 . do phromad mo lām ┐ dīrgi (dírge, LU) mo urchair, TBC-I¹ 607 . d.¤ cech tolgdail | fri torgbáil na drumslaite, SR 4271 . cach lāimi a lāindīrgi, ACL iii 226 . cruime is goire don d.¤ erect stature, Duan. F. i 82 (Poem xxix). ni tegar on chaime cum diorgha in fhuilt muna bhogthar ar tús é, 3 C 19, 53rb 37 . lottar rempa í reidh díorgha gacha róid by each direct road, AFM vi 2098 . cach (n)dírge (lit. each directness) directly, exactly: atchonncamar in luing cach dirge da[r] n-indsaighid, Acall. 6066 . fuarattar gaeth go deghtapaidh leo gach ndírghe, BNnÉ 54.10 . imighis gacha dírgha co Beind Edair, Ériu iii 156.3 . atá tobur . . . síar cach ndírgha bruindes `due west', Dinds. i § 15 ( RC xv 282 ). síardes cech dirgi dorochair, § 160 ( ib. 278 ). sibal direach . . . siar gacha dirga ┐ soir gac[h]a dirgha, ITS xiv 48 . gan gabāil gach ndīrghe don Spāinn not to go to Spain direct, Fl. Earls 24.20 . Cf. cach ndíriuch. for dírgi in a straight course: luid Apollináris do flaith Dé for dírgi , Fél. June 4 .

(b) Fig. uprightness, righteousness: in dírgi caíngníma in righteousness of well-doing, Wb. 4d6 . on dirgi són a brithemnachtae from the rectitude of His judgement, Ml. 24a13b . Cicilia co ndirgi, Fél. Sept. 1 . d.¤ dlegar cach flathemon in sin, ZCP xi 80.14 . at maithi a chland . . . im dírgi im dretlacht, SG 84.6 . d.¤ im (in, v.l.) cach mbēs, ACL iii 317 § 56 . díorgha um ghlór `uprightness in word', Content. xiv 10 .

dírgid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dírgid or dil.ie/16729

 

Forms: dírgud

v (díriuch). IGT Verbs § 54 .

I Trans.

(a) straightens, makes straight: dirgim gl. delinio, Thes. ii 42.9 . (of a house) mani dirgi-siu corop cóir nocon fil isin domun nodndírgi, FB 27 . dírghidh slighe an Tighearna, John i 23 . Fig. is amlaid dirgithir craeba coibnesa clann Adaim, BB 411a30 . dleaghar rith cum derbhtha dhíorghais gach enni, 3 C 1 9 , 159a2 . Note also: dirgit(h)er dochuir let bad contracts be straightened out (Thurn.), Bürgschaft 30 § 79 . soithfiter gunadmann dirigfer dochar, O'D. 628 ( H 3.17 467 ). Cf. however, Laws ii 130.9 cited under do-rig.

(b) directs, aims, guides: rosdirig ar ammus Conchobair directed them against, TFerbe 725 . rodírigh . . . in sleigh seimhnigh dá saighid-sium, CCath. 2039 . dírgidh bhar sleagha sealga, Duan. F. i 82 . do dhírigh Dia é chum an tobair sin, SG 3 . is ed rodirigh Dia a set in conair budh choir, YBL 297a2 . dar Dia ra-dirig cach ndáim, Ériu vii 220 . dirgset (drigseat, dirgigsit, v.ll.) in seól . . . timchell hÉrenn they directed their course, Metr. Dinds. iii 212 . do dhírigh an long ar an ngasra ngráineamhail he steered the ship against the hateful horde, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.25 . dīrgit a gcūrsa gusin fFrainc, Fl. Earls 10.20 . onoir . . . a dioruigter ni dochum na hiomhaighe . . . acht dochum an naoimh, Luc. Fid. 213.18 . díreóchaidh me in úrnaigh chughad, Psalms v 3 . sét na pecadh . . . dirges na hanfírianu i llocc péine, D IV 2, 57 va 11 . ba hí a ttoimdin gur uo torchur-shēt ro-dīrigh in tAthoir nemhda . . . chuca, Fl. Earls 122 . With reflex. pron.: nosdírgenn co Celtchar she makes straight for C., Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 30 § 12 ; cf. 34 § 4 .

II Intrans.

(a) becomes straight: dīrgid in crand a cēdōir, ACL iii 245 § 31 .

(b) directs its course, leads: Eufraten combuaid fodes, | Geon fothúaid dían dírges, SR 1008 . is ann diriges in drochat sin tarsna in glenna, LB 158a53 . co ro dhirighset uile . . . i frit[h]agaid Poimp cona socraidi, CCath. 5425 . ro dirigh Persaual ina n-agaid ┐ do-rat forgam . . . forsin fer, Grail 1886 . cach aen . . . rodelig ┐ rodirgestar á thortgail tindenais, MR 318.3 .

Vn. dírgud.

díriuch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díriuch or dil.ie/16743
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dírech, dírgu, dirgha, dirgi, dírgimem

adj u, later dírech o,ā. See GOI § 192 .

(a) straight, direct: dus in d.¤ m'urchor, TBC-LL¹ 1185 . tuiri tren diriuch do lar, SR 4273 . in sét fodén tan and is dírech he, tan aile is cam, PH 3995 . direach he ó find (leg. ind) co bond erect, RC xvii 150.12 . crand d.¤ digaind, LB 221a42 . co n-arm daighrech direch with a fiery straight weapon, Metr. Dinds. iii 152 ( BB 369b9 ). ní d.¤ nō rēidh, Corm. Y 476 . sēt d.¤ , 434 . a n-agaid gluasachta dirid na cethardula ata gluasacht timcill na firmaminnti, Ir. Astr. Tr. 60.6 . seanchus na Naomh do breith isin raon direach go a mbunadhus, MS. Mat. 552.13 . leanfam ar ar sinnseroib is in líne ndíreach, 556.25 . oighre dírech dleasanach lineal lawful heir, Rel. Celt. ii 166.5 . an éirghe dhíreach dobheir an sagart ar féin, Eochairsg. 53.32 . déan do shlighe díreach im fhiaghnuisi `make straight Thy path before me', Psalms v 8 . gach snáithe shligheadh . . . réidhe díorgha, Ériu v 58.26 . carput . . . co creitt uraird dírig, LL 189a5 . lámha dírgha datháille, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . colptha dirgi , RC xxiv 200 . is cethrachair ind fit[h]chill ┐ it dīrge a tithe, Corm. Y 607 . ro athchuirset da urchur fir-dhirge eturru, MR 254.17 . robtar reidhe dirghe fedha Erenn go sin, Leb. Gab.(i) 136 . na nglúinibh díorgha in their direct generations, Content. v 117 . as d.¤ donfuc Día God hath brought us direct, RC ix 462 .

Compar. cechaing ceim as dírgu (dirgiu, v.l.), Fél. March 20 . As superl. an lin[e] as dirgha dib sin, Ir. Astr. Tr. 128.x .

Adv. turesci . . . d.¤ tescas, Corm. Y 1244 . in fer fodrácaib co claen aitchid fris a facbail co d.¤ , FB 26 . rosined in dethach . . . | co d.¤ triasinn ahér, SR 2150 . an lampa ata a fiadnaisi an adhnuici co dírech right before the Sepulchre, Maund. 70 . scáili . . . bhís co dírech ider an grein ┐ an ré, O'Gr. Cat. 247.22 .

In adv. phrase cach ndíriuch straightly, directly (see GOI § 381 ): suas cach d.¤ , BCr. 18c4 . antúaid cachṅdìruch, 19c1 . dochuirethar . . . certli do Braun tar a gnúis cach n-dírech, Imr. Brain 62 . rogab ac slaide ┐ ic slectad in tslúaig cach nd.¤ , CRR 52 . teit a Temraig gach nd.¤ he goes straight out of T., Ériu iii 150 § 3 . dollotar . . . cech nd.¤ ar cind Throil, TTr.² 1509 . a n-aicen in mhara siar gach nd.¤ directly west, RC xiv 40 § 43 . do dēnomh ar in Spāinn gach ndīrech, Fl. Earls 10.3 . fear dom fhóir gach ndírighse straight away (?), Ó Bruad. ii 110 . Cf. ni fil iar nd.¤ scribind isin scribtuir bali as a tisad, Lec. 73a33 .

beirid díriug carries off, obtains ( GOI 240 ): ni berat diriug gl. delinquent, `they will not succeed', Ml. 54a24 . dugaithfiter .i. ní berat diriug gl. fallentur, 26 . ceniberat diriug, 28 . made huare nach rucsat diriug `vain, because they did not succeed', 54d16 . cen brith diriug (sic leg., doriug, MS.) neich adchobrat, 89b5 . huare nad rucsat diriug orcuin Duid `because they did not succeed in the slaying of David', 23b5 .

(b) straightforward, upright, just, right: is díriug dúib cretem do it is right for you to believe in Him, Wb. 17b32 . acht spiurt diriug `but an upright spirit', Ml. 71d2 . is díriug gl. equum est, 59d8 . is d.¤ a ndechor deg cinte persana right is their difference because they define persons, Sg. 197a13 . d.¤ cach dethbere every necessity is just, Laws ii 2 . cubus direch dianim, Ériu i 138.4 . is and míastair mess d.¤ for cách, ii 194 § 7 . athesc dobais d.¤ dói, ZCP iii 23 . rop d.¤ a forcitul, ACL iii 313 § 11 . is dīriug i mbésaib a dāna, Corm. Y 275 . Iubair dhírech dhil, BLism. 52b2 . do rug . . . breith dhíreach ar Ridire na Comhairle, ITS x 114 . iar ndliged direch, PH 4025 . do indithim in gníma dírig the just deed, 6083 . is dírech briathar an tigerna, 3 B 22, 86a5 . cuimnigh mo thimna .i. beith direach a ngradh do namad, 36a17 . cia an lóchrann soluis acht an mhéin díreach, TSh. 1443 . i n-aghaidh an réasúin dírigh, 3343 . chalender direch firinneach an accurate trustworthy calendar, 3 C 19, 284rb 30 . do bhí mé díreach aige I was perfect with Him, Psalms xviii 23 . an Tighearna . . . noch shaoras an díreach i ccroidhe the upright of heart, vii 10 . neithe ata dothuìgsighe, noch iompoighid an dream neamhfhoghlomtha ón gcéill dhírigh from the straight, direct sense, 2 Peter iii 16 . As sobriquet: Tadc Direach, Lec. 150d22 . do Cholgain mac Domnaill dírig, LL 181b22 . pl. atan dirgi ho chridiu, Ml. 30b2 . etercerta dirge, Tec. Corm. p. 56 n. 34 . bretha dírge, Bruss. 2569, 65b . Adv. is direch tuicther so tre Iob, PH 7696 . rigi firéna dogniat a follamnus co dírech, PH 4066 . legfim so thoruinn oir ni don liaigh go direach is iomchubaid e, 3 C 19, 56rb 36 . Compar. gurab íad is firinnighe dhirghe . . . ar a ffocloibh fon doman, Fl. Earls 92.22 . giodh dirga fodnait san adhbhar gaothmhar detmhor they are more directly serviceable, 3 C 22, 220a23 . Superl. dírgimem gl. aequissima, Ml. 49d5 .

As subst. in dirig gl. recti, Ml. 35a14 .

(c) actual, downright, real: nīrba dír co mbeith gné feōla dirgi fair oca caithem (of consecrated species miraculously changed into flesh and then changed back again), ZCP iii 36.27 . ? eter dā roth rosia digal d.¤ (from Cú Chulaind's `beochobra'), LL 119b37 .

Compds. ¤chenn straight-headed (opposed to cromm): ní mó is bachall ind oenchendach crom oldas in debennach d., D IV 2, 53b2 . ¤menmnach just-minded: díríug[men]mnig gl. anim[a] equiores, Thes. i 498 ( Ardm. 189a2 ). ¤scríbend: ​iar ndíriuch-scríbunn 'according to the literal text', Sex Aet. 95 § 63 . ¤thuillemain: d.¤ gl. rectum perpendiculum, O'Mulc. 745 .

1 domun

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 domun or dil.ie/18161

 

Forms: doman, domon, dommon, domnaib, domain

n o, m. Also doman, domon; dommon, Corm. Y 416 . is domain tair, ZCP viii 114.1 .

I The world, the earth: in domon gl. mundus, Ml. 145c4 . rann di rannaib in domain gl. mundi, 125b7 . a huili chenela domuin, 67b17 . fon domun, 53b9 , 65c9 . isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . i ndíthrub in domuin asreracht Críst, Tur. 19 . flaith in domain co immel, Thes. ii 333.13 . linfaid inn-huili ndomon, SR 8032 . toirthi in domuin, 2623 . cen siriud in domain duind, LU 3546 ( SCC § 29 ). aird do airdib in domain, FB § 80 . mi in ro-cet-cruthaiged in domun, PH 3518 . co ngébad [Ísu] ard-rigi in uli domain, 3922 . prima etas mundi . . . in ced áis don doman, MacCarthy 278 .

Freq. used without article: oc tuis[t]in domuin, Ml. 19d1 . rí . . . dorósat domun dualach, SR 3 . sluaig fer ṅdomuin, 3488 . fir domain i n-óen-bale, FA 13 . de mnáib domain ule, FB § 19 . do maccaib domain, Fél. June 16 . béstín . . . is áille bói do béstib domain, PH 7201 . a hoirthur domain, 917 . tháinig clann Míleadh tar muir | an treas aois d'aosaibh domhain, Content. xv 71 . Manannán úas domun (leg. domuin?) dind, LU 3961 ( SCC § 45 ). In sense of mankind: ícc in domuin, Wb. 5c14 . atbath in doman i mbás pecctha, PH 2973 .

In religious lit. the world, i.e. the earthly life, etc. (oppd. to eternity): scarad fri indeb in domuin, Wb. 30a18 . ar accubur ┐ saint immin domun (sic leg.) gl. pro appetitu caducorum, Ml. 69a6 . bethad cé .i. in domuin chentar, Hy. v 22 Comm. ( Thes. ii 332.26 ). ní cair in domuin cathim she loved not enjoyment of the world, 8 . fristoing don d.¤ renounces the world, ZCP iii 453.24 . fear roscara[d] frisin d.¤ (.i. teit i n-ailithre), Laws v 234.23 . ropo crochda in domun dó ┐ rocrochar-som don d.¤ , PH 1673 . cath fri demun ┐ doman, 1920 . iar mbreith buadha ó dhomhan ┐ ó dheamhan, O'Don. Suppl.

In physical sense earth (cf. talam): tucad [Ádamh] iter chois is cheand | isin domun chaem choitchend, Lec. 533a10 . do neoch focheard doman de all that the earth puts forth, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . In loose sense, of inhabited earth: cérbo rí in domuin Nabcodon, Fél. Prol. 93 . r[o]gabsat a thoisig in domun dia eis (i.e. after Alexander), Lec. 34a4 . Esp. of Roman Empire: do Chonstantín . . . do ardríg in domain, FA 32 . bui rig croda . . . forsin domun (of Decius), PH 961 . Oenric rí in domuin (of medieval Roman Empire), RC xvii 363.18 (Tig.). In pl. (in poetic hyperbole): gabais for dōine (doenib, dhainibh, MSS.) domnaib he seized sway over worlds of men (?), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 5 . crothais domnu he made worlds tremble, i 40 § 15 . in d.¤ mór the great world (i.e. the world outside one's own country, oft. Europe as oppd. to Ireland): comaimsirad righ hErend fri rigaib in domain moir, Lec. 34a1 . coriandrium .i. luibh fhāsas annsa domhan mor . . . ┐ dogeibter i nEirinn, 23 K 42, 410.10 . toradh croinn fasus annsa doman mor, RC ix 232.6 . Cf. Acts xix 27 : a nAisia ┐ an domhan mór uile. Similarly in d.¤ tair the eastern world (i.e. the Continent): for muir isin domun tair, Cóir Anm. 115 . dā ndeachaid . . . sa domhan soir, ZCP viii 109.1 . in d.¤ becc the microcosm, i.e. man: in duine dianad sloind ic na felsamaib domun becc, PH 4606 . comaentaighi an doman is lugha risin doman is mo correspondence between the microcosm and macrocosm, 23 P 10, 17b17 .

In phrase isin d.¤ , for (ar) d.¤ in the world , i.e. anywhere, at all (follg. a noun), any, whatsoever ; freq. in neg. sentence and after superl.: mani dirge-siu . . . nocon fil isin d.¤ nodn-dírgi , FB § 27 . nicon fail i n-a sealba isin doman ní nā tibre dam, Corm. Y 698 . fer as dísle san domhun, KMMisc. 246.16 . ni fuil cruthugad isin doman a Stodiacc there is no figure at all in the Zodiac, Ir. Astr. Tr. 122.16 . nách sochma do neoch for doman d'fhaisneis, PH 4315 . cen biadh ar doman do tomailt, SG 19.37 . ní gatar a forgall ar domun degmna `no woman is deprived of her testimony' (= ní gatar forgall degmna ar d.¤ ?), Cáin Ad. 4 . nach dleaghar a gcas ar domhan fín ┐ bainne d'ól . . . in any case whatsoever, 3 C 19, 127.18 . Later used merely to emphasize statement: cainneal ba lōr métt sa doman an exceedingly big candle, Fl. Earls 50.16 . co n-a n-uile riachtanus a less ōrdanāiss mhōir ┐ munisioin ar doman with all they require of great ordinance and ammunition, 40.10 . Similarly in gen.: sēpēl ro-onōrach ar dheissi in domain , 72.10 . ba lōr do chūiss ūathbhāiss in domain enough to cause the greatest terror, 188.12 .

II In limited sense, country, native district, (of a ruler) realm: gur thúiri mé an tolamh thoir | mur budh é an ndoman duthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 719 . o ranic in rig bo des | ina doman derb dileas, Lec. 608a27 . ní bhí gart dall ina dhomhan `there is no untilled field in his realm', KMMisc. 174 § 36 . a domun do dichennad . . . .i. a chūiged gan chennach, MR 218.1 . Hence property, power, influence (in indeterminate sense): ar chuncid indmais no domain uasail, PH 8369 . cona bugh lugu dogebthai do rigi ┐ du d.¤ o mnaib inas o feraib, Lec. 31a35 . gan lógh do ghabháil ar domhan n-ecclastucdha `for church property', AFM ii 1102.2 .

Compd. ¤scríbnid: inna ṅdomunscribnide gl. cosmographiorum, BCr. 37b1 .

dretla(ch)t

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dretla(ch)t or dil.ie/18693

 

Forms: dretlacht

n (drettel): im dírgi im dretlat im thoiderci, LU 4266 = dretlacht ` heroic practice ', SG 84.6 .

fadéin, féin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fadéin, féin or dil.ie/20990

 

Forms: cadéin, céin, fad—, fod—, bad—, bod—, bud—, cad—, fad—, bod—, cad—, feis—, fadessin, fodessin, fessin, —dessid, féssin, fadéin, féin, céin, faden, féin, fade(i)ssin, fadesin, fadesine, fe(i)ssin, fé(i)sin, fein, cadessin, fadisin, fadeissne, feisin, féisin, fessine, feisine, feisne, féisne, fanis(s)in, fesin, fesine, fésine, chanisin, fadisin, fadéisne, fesin, fésin, féis(s)ne, fadesin, fedesin, fade(i)sine, fadésne, fes(s)in, fesine, fésine, feis(s)ne, féis(s)ne, cades(s)in, cadésin, cadessine, fadisin, fanisin, fadéin, ba—, bo—, bu—, fadesin, fes(s)in, fesne, faden, fadesin, féin, fadéin, fodéin, —dén, fadessin, bo—, bu—, fes(s)in, féin, fén, féin, péin, fodéne, ba—, bu—, féine, fessin, fodeisne, feisne, budein, budeisin, badeisin, fadesin, fesine, feisne, féin, fesine, feisne, féisin, cadéin, cade(i)s(s)in, césin, céin, f—, cadessin

cadéin, céin, etc. adj. and pron.; fad— (later fod—, bad—, bod—, bud—) is taken by Pedersen Vgl. Gr.(i 271 , ii 153 ) to be an element of the verb to be. For cad— see below. The stress falls on the second syllable in the forms beginning with fad— (fod—, bod— etc.), cad—; in fan—, can— the position of the stress is undetermined. In feis— it falls on the first syllable.

The following forms are found in the Glosses. The absence of the mark of length may be accidental in some cases. The following rimes have been noted: fadessin: sessir ZCP iii 43 § 11 . fodessin: dessid (perf. of saidid) SR 1388 . fessin (with masc. poss.): —dessid, Metr. Dinds. ii 4.38 . féssin (fem.) : dēiscin, SR 2138 .

1 s. fadéin, féin, céin 2 s. faden, féin 3 s. m. n. fade(i)ssin, fadesin, fadesine, fe(i)ssin, fé(i)sin, fein(?), cesin, cadessin. 3 s. f. fadisin, fadeissne, feisin, féisin, fessine, feisine, feisne, féisne. 1 pl. fanis(s)in, fesin, fesine, fésine, chanisin. 2 pl. fadisin, fadéisne, fesin, fésin, féis(s)ne. 3 pl. fadesin, fedesin, fade(i)sine, fadésne, fes(s)in, fesine, fésine, feis(s)ne, féis(s)ne ( fēin, LU 159 , SR 4466 ). cades(s)in, cadésin ( cadesne, LU 1773 , cadessine, Rawl. 118b47 ).

There is no certain instance in the Glosses of 1 s. fade(i)s(s)in. In Ml. 66d13 the edd. of Thes. say that `fadesin' seems meant for `mea', but it is more likely that it belongs to `exercitui.' Cf. iudicio .i. fadesin, 51b16 . In later documents we have noted: ni fliuchaim fadesin ..., TBC-LL¹ 1307 . missi fodessin, 1005 . corbom gaeth fodeissin, BDD 15 . See also II (f) below.

The forms fadisin (3 s. f. and 2 pl.) and fanisin (1 pl.) are early lost; fadéin (fo—, ba—, bo—, bu—), fadesin and fes(s)in or fesne continue in use throughout Mid. Ir., but lose their specific characters, being employed indifferently in all persons and both numbers and genders. In Auraic. 650 the form faden is given for sing., fadesin for pl., in combination with a pers. pron.: me faden, etc., sinni fadesin, etc. During the Mid.-Ir. period féin comes more and more into use in all persons, genders and numbers and finally survives alone in the mod. language. In PH fadéin (—dén, fodéin, —dén) occurs 37 times and fadessin (fo—) 14 times, besides corresponding forms in bo—, bu—; fes(s)in 37 times; while féin (fén) is very frequent. LB favours the spelling fén instead of the more usual féin (LU, LL); dom péin occurs LB 134b30 . Other Mid. Ir. forms are fodéne (bo—, ba—, bu—) and féine.

I As subject of copula clause:

A (from Glosses): ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . cf. uilc féssine `evil themselves' (gl. errantes 2 Timothy iii 13 ) Wb. 30c26 .

B (from later MSS): ansruth a athir ... ┐ ansruth fadesin, Bürgschaft 13 § 45 . roptar scítha som fadessin, TBC-LL¹ 3619 . cf. corbom gaeth fodeisin `that I myself may be wise' BDD 15 (Y: badessin St.).

II As emphasizing pron. or adj. ( my, thy, etc.) —self. The exx. below are arranged in each section under persons (1 s., 2 s. etc.) and under each person instances of the longer forms are given first. For A, B see above under I.

(a) referring to subj. of vb.:

1 s.

A fadéin (gl. ipse) Ml. 23c1 . in tain ronicub féin when I myself shall come Wb. 18b14 .

B bet fessin i n-aentaid in Athar ..., MacCongl. 41.15 . dogén féin mo chomtocbáil, SR 854 . na dern féin forcraid 1583 . forglim féin, LU 10271 . itchonnarcsa fen hí, PH 99 . atchonnacsa feine F., ZCP xiii 169.13 . Cf. muna beinn badh dheine were it not for me Duan. F. i 192 .

2 s.

A im ní nad techtai féin, Ml. 56b33 .

B coiste fadein (impv.) SR 1151 . nosnicfae fadein, Bürgschaft 27 § b . dia ndingbaitea fessin he, LU 5962 . oldá-su fessin, MacCongl. 23.21 . troisc-siu fessin (impv.) MacCongl. 61.14 . tair-siu féin, TBC-LL¹ 106 . do neoch tharradais féin, Bor. 95 . na ciniudha rogabhais féin, CCath. 563 . mid fen pass judgement thyself PH 609 . in tan tucais fén tú isin croich, 172 . an t-ech ro ainciss feine which thou thyself hast saved BColm. 90.14 .

3 s., m. and n.

A ní doromlad fadesin, Ml. 36a29 . oldaas fadeissin, Wb. 33d9 . tuicci feissin, Wb. 12c26 . daucci feissin tantum, 13a8 . indaas cech terchital dunairc[h]echainn som fesin (contr. with `nach fáith aile') Ml. 64c22 . oldaas fessin, Wb. 24c15 . foilsigthi feisin `it demonstrates it itself' Sg. 211a8 . See also under II (c). (cf. bristi fadesin, Ériu vii 148 § 13 ; hicthi fadesin, Bürgschaft 33 § 3 ).

B pendeth (impv.) fadesin, Ériu vii 168 § 12 (Penit.), dogeni fadesin ind tiuglagin allae sin, Mon. Tall. § 52 . cf. dessid mo rí reil | fodessin, SR 1388 . luid sís fadessin, LL 116b19 ( RC viii 56 ). tucc fadessin a thēig ... chuca, MacCongl. 13.6 . co n-epert budessin, 21.21 . saidis foden, MacCongl. 65.4 . amal chomaides-som fodéin, PH 5310 . co rabe fesin lomnocht, SR 1316 . dorairgertsom fessin dóib anísin, LU 1960 ( FA 2 ). diluidsiom feisin ar a cend, Anecd. v 10 = ticseom féin immach, LL 112b8 ( ScM. 5 ). irbbad (impv.) fessin (f.) fair, TBFr. § 21 (fodesin Y. fodeisne, ZCP iv 42.17 ). cusin aimsir sin a mbui feisne (m.) Anecd. ii 43.1 . amal asbert féin, LU 4067 . ni thic do neoch acht mad doneth féin, LU 2021 . rogab fein for dian-aithrige, Bor. 100 . sáidis fén in crand, MacCongl. 29.11 . ruc fen breith fair he himself has passed judgment on himself PH 603 . ni dlig feine eneclann, ACL iii 223.21 . ro tinntó féin docum na Rómha, CCath. 146 . gach fer ... no aisnedheadh scela C. d'araili dobered fen fuillead friu, 765 . cristaidi nochanadh fein fris called himself a Christian Marco P. 64 .

1 pl.

A runsluinfemni didiu cene fanisin, Wb. 15a4 (cf. b below).

B as diliu lind oldammit fadessin dearer to us than ourselves TBC-LL¹ 199 (= ina sind fen St).

2 pl.

A daberidsi féissne you yourselves give it Wb. 24c16 .

B cinnus doghníthi fēin fiadhach ?, Acall. 884 . ní thibér ferann dáibhsi, cosnaidh fein ferann dáibh `win lands for yourselves' (O'G.) Acall. 372 .

3 pl.

A (for Glosses see cadessin below).

B atchonncatar buden, PH 108 . nach feadadar fen, Bor. 129 (Lec.). rothomailset fén ní, MacCongl. 31.7 . cuirid féine a gceart ar gcúl, TD 26.15 . amhail do-rónsad féin, TSh. 154 .

(b) referring to a foregoing infixed pron. (when the latter is reflexive this case is not always easily distinguished from the preceding).

1 s.

B nimfogluasfind féin, LU 5960 .

2 s. B toing ... not-geibhid [leg. —gēbe] fadein frisna gnimusin, Bürgschaft 23.1 . dadotfail fodein, SR 1747 . lepaid ratfiasu féine thou shall have a couch LL 297a45 . uair nachat filsiu fein hi cutrummus, LU 8823 .

3 s.

A amal nach fuar fessin inneuch as I found not himself in anything Ml. 57d3 . darrat fessin hi croich, Wb. 28b4 . adidnopair fessin du Dia, Ml. 66b4 . adcomla friu fessin he joins himself to them Wb. 3c13 . nodmoladar fesin who praises himself 17b21 . amal ronsoír fesin soírfed cách crettes and, Wb. 32d13 .

B farrolaig ... Cruitine fadeisin i maig, Corm. Y 825 (fadesin, Bodl.). o chanasca (cutnasca v.l.) fadesin, Aipg. Cr. 18 ( ZCP iii 451 ). nech nothoirc [leg. nodnoirg) fadesin, Ériu vii 166 § 5 . ronoirnecht fadesin ib. rasgeoguin fodessin (his arrow) wounded himself PH 6306 . dia nustarda fadéin ingáibthib, 4859 . cf. falloing túath fadessin, Críth G. 599 cited below under (g) (β) B.

3 pl.

A nístuarascbat feisin cen gutai they do not express themselves Sg. 7a11 .

B nísfáelsad féin nach in curach, LU 1888 . in [ḟ]oirend rosmarb buden who killed themselves Aen. 1364 .

(c) ref. to suff. pron. (?): 3 s. gníthisium fadesin `he makes himself' Ml. 30b20 (but the correct transl. is more probably he himself makes him and the ex. belongs to II (a).

(d) With independent pron. (cf. Auraic. 649 : etargoire n-inchoisc persainni, me faden, tu faden, sinni fadesin, sibsi fadesin, siatsom fadesin. The corresp. text 3271 ff . has budein in sg. and budeisin, badeisin in pl.):

1 s.

A is me féin asbiur i tossuch (gl. per me et Silvanum) Wb. 14c30 . amal bid me féin notheised cucut (gl. suscipe illum sicut me) 32a17 .

B missi fodessin, TBC-LL¹ 1005 (= misi am aonar, St.). ni ba nech aile ... acht me féin, LL 296b22 . messe féin, 304a25 . na hadair dee bréci, acht me féin, PH 7310 . me fen nicon tibér `as for myself, I will not give it' MacCongl. 33.5 . misi féin as meallta, Acall. 982 . do Gaidhealuib mé fene, BCC § 278 .

2 s.

A cani tú féin, Wb. 8d27 .

B tussu fadéin, LL 247a44 ( IT² 208a ; fodein v.l.). tu fodén im fail-sea, MacCongl. 57.12 . in tú féin, LL 300b45 . tú féin, Acall. 353 . cia thu féin ?, 877 .

3 s.

A ni he fessin dobeir grad fair, Wb. 33c3 . he fesin as choimsid, Thes. ii 294.3 . f. sí feisine (gl. L manet per se) Sg. 165b3 .

B amhail bid e feissin, Corm. Y 825 . conid hé féin mac Dé, LU 1426 . ┐ hé fein eturru, LL 298a47 . conid rig he fén, PH 2586 . gur ferr é fein iná thusa, Acall. 2365 . tabhuir armgaisced mh'athar dhamh. dobhér ..., dōigh ba fialnár ... hé féin, 2012 . ba lan d'omun hé fein ┐ a righa, Marco P. 129 . diultadh se e fein, BCC § 4 (= dhó féin, Matthew xvi 24 ). med an tshaethair do bi se fein d'fagail uatha BCC § 33 . f. conid si fein ro innis, LU 2968 (H). i rraba sí fein, Thes. ii 337.33 ( Hy v 38 Comm ).

1 pl. B da deirbṡiair sinn féin, Acall. 398 . nach cumhachtach sinn féin ris aní se do chuireamair romhainn do chríochnughadh, TSh. 30 .

3 pl.

A nandat hae fessin, Ml. 130a8 .

B eter a feraib ┐ siat fesni, LU 8419 . iad féin, TSh. 5492 .

With nech oneself: B a mesrugud do neuch tra buddesin one should regulate it for oneself Mon. Tall. § 63 . faisidin na pecadh nach dernadh nech féin d' faisidi, RC xxviii 320§ 43 . nech féin go mór da mholadh | céim as lór da lochtoghadh, 23 L 17, 149a .

(e) With prep. and pron. suff.:

1 s.

A erum féin, Ml. 86b1 . form féin, Wb. 7d15 . 8d26 . leim féin, Sg. 209b30 . uaimm fein Wb. 11c1 .

B immon ní is leamm fodén, MacCongl. 45.4 . uaimm fodén, 111.7 . damh bodéin, RC xxvi 370.13 . damsa fodéni, IT i 125.19 . formsa fein, LU 5963 . damsa féin, LL 302a31 .

2 s.

A det faden, Thes. ii 258.22 (bis). deit féin, Wb. 28d15 .

B deit fadéin tantum, Mon. Tall. § 37 . duit fadéin LU 11011 . let fessin, LU 8831 . fort féin, TBC-LL¹ 1187 . SR 6258 . ocut fen, PH 2350 . lat fén, MacCongl. 61.8 . can deitt fén 75.5 .

3 s. m. and n.

A do fadesin, Ml. 61b17 . friss fadesin, Wb. 6c18 . tarais fadeissin, 33d10 . de fessin, Ml. 65a1 . dó fessin, Wb. 23c16 . do fesin, 23c13 . etir fessin et doíni, 28b3 . foir feisin, Sg. 209b12 . fris fessin, Ml. 12d11 . fris fesin PCr. 59a2 . and feissin `in itself ' Sg. 50a2 . ind fessin (gl. in se) Ml. 129d18 . lais feisin, Sg. 153b7 . tríit fessin, Sg. 43a3 . triit feissin, 73b7 . huad fessin, Ml. 108b17 . huaid fessin 35c23 . uad feisin, Sg. 209b12 .

B dó fadeisin, Críth G. 73 . dosom fadesin, Mon. Tall. § 4 . cf. cono fadesen ` inclusive ' BCrólige § 39 . lais fodēin, SR 6859 . fris fudein, Ériu vii 144 § 26 . uad fodén, MacCongl. 31.19 . do fadéin, PH 5972 . chuige fodéin, 6169 . dó féin, LU 8920. 2310 . Acall. 920. 1216 . ind féin, LU 2584 . fairseom fessin, 2279 . úad fessin, LU 10167 . dó féine, TD 34.9 . nach ann fein do bi a anam acht a mbethaidh in Tigerna, BCC § 7 . nech...do derrscnugud de féin, CCath. 277 . rocinn aici féin nach rachadh, 396 .

3 s. f.

A lee fadeissne (gl. anima patitur) `by herself' Acr. 11c1 . forrae fadisin, Tur. 79 . huadi fadisin, Ml. 133c10 . di feisne, Sg. 199b6 . inte feisne, 159a4 . friae fessine, Ml. 130c9 . di féisin, Sg. 199b10 . fuiri féisin, 209b34 . fuiri feisin ib. 28 . trée feisin, 25b14 .

B forri fadeisne, Bürgschaft 26 § 74 . anas dír dí fadesne, Ériu vii 138.3 (Penit.). di fodéin, PH 5918 . cruit ar timpan sin, nó cruit uirri bodein YBL 204a40 = BB 347b32 .

1 pl.

A frinn fanisin, Wb. 17b10 . dunn fanissin, Camb. Hom., Thes. ii 245.7 . frinn fesine, Wb. 17b12 .

B triund fodesin, LU 9241 . ca tir trebfaither linn fesin, CCath. 605 . dún fessin, MacCongl. 29.4 . din féin, Acall. 228 .

2 pl.

A triib fadéisne, Wb. 3b22 . duib fadisin, Ml. 68b3 . airib féisne, Wb. 27c19 . diib féisne, 13a26a0 . lib fesin 9d11 . uaib fesin, 27d6 .

B tucabair fuath dib fein = teipsum odio habuisti BCC § 18 .

3 pl.

A dib fadesin, Ml. 31b10 . doib fadesin, 72c14 . intiu fadesin, 53b11 . dib fesin, 129c18 . doib fesin, 53b11 . intiu fesin, Ml. 53d17 . 61b17 . leo feissin, Sg. 71b3 . leu fessin, Ml. 91a10 . treo fesin, Sg. 4b4 . uadib fesin, 188a20 . forru fesin, Ml. 73b17 . friusom fesin, 54c18 . samlaib som fesin `like themselves ' Ml. 57c5 . uadib féissne, Sg. 144a1 .

B fer dib buden one of themselves PH 141 . cech óenchéol ... dibside fessin, LU 2035 . intib féin, LU 2557 . 2633 . forru fein, for a sluagaib, SR 4466 . etarru fein ┐ eter a tuisechu, CCath. 254 .

(f) Following a subst. preceded by poss. pron. (exx. are arranged according to person and number of pron., but the adj. occasionally seems rather to agree with the noun, e.g. Wb. 33c5 (a doenacht fesine), and at least for some of the forms this may be the original usage. See Pedersen, Asp. i Irsk 93z ).

1 s.

A mo slántu fadéin ┐ slántu amicorum , Acr. 6b1 . mo saithar féin, Wb. 7a1 . im augtortas féin, 9b5 . manid chretim a esséirge et mo esséirge féinn, 13c10 . mo muinter féin, 14a5 . dofuthrisse a buith im gnáis féin ara hireschi (gl. quem ego uolueram mecum retinere) 32a9 .

B mo derbmbleoghan budhessin, ZCP iv 31 (scribe in Eg. 1782 , Flower Cat. 261 ). tar mo chend uodessin, YBL 327a39 . form ḟeoil fodein, SR 1542 . com thrichait chét fadéin, LU 4648 . mo ainm fodéin, TBC-LL¹ 1053 . láeg mo bo fadéin, CRR 3 . dim glinni fadein, LU 4696 . form dreichsea fodéin, 3892 . mo chuit fodéin, MacCongl. 95.2 . m'ainmsi fodén, 79.3 . mo thustidi féin LU 1682 . m'ainmse féin, 334T0 mo chubrendsa fein, LL 303a43 . mo chrod féin, 304a20 . mu rath féin, Acall. 371 . acam athair féin, 2270 . mo lebar fen, BCC § 34 .

2 s. B im do bruinnedalta uadhessin ; imot noebmathair uadhessin ; im do noebapstalu uadessin, YBL 326b33 ; 36 ; 53 ( Otia ii 94 § 9 , § 11 ; 95 § 19 ). im do noebhdisciplu fadein, Otia ii 95 § 19 . a forus do thigi fadein, Bürgschaft 27 § c . fogéba do dun fadéin, LU 208 . do brathair fadéin, LL 112b32 . cia hainmsiu fodén ?, MacCongl. 77.25 . do thorba fadeine, ZCP iii 29.28 . ni bé dot réir fodéne, Ériu i 197 § 15 . do gnima fessin, LU 10270 . dit daig fesni, 3372 . lessaig do sluaig [sic] fein, SR 3843 . dot imdegail féin LU 5027 . molad do gnima feine | tathair gnima do cheile, Ériu ii 228.5 . do mhathair feine, ZCP viii 109.11 .

3 s.

A ho[a] degnim som fadesin, Ml. 20b3 . a senchassom fadesin `his own tradition' Wb. 30c17 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, 6c19 . a chorp (acc.) fadesin, 13d20 . ho[a] faithsini fadesin, 33c17 . duarbaid a noibi fadessin Ml. 46d15 . dobert goiste imma bragait fadesin, 23b10 . is a indocbál fessin condieig cách acht Tiamthe, Wb. 23d5 . na cuinged a thoil fessin `let him not seek his own desire' 11b18 . mad cumme imned á cheli et a imned fessin, 20c6 . ni as a persain fessin rogab in salmso `it was not in his own person that he sang this psalm' Ml. 90b15 . nítat á airiltin fessin donarbaid in popul, 108b8 . taiccéra cách dara chen fessin, Wb. 6b28 . di hilib a cheneiuil fessin, Sg. 40a8 . a ai[n]mm féssin, 6a7 . di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, 40a6 ; 7 ; 11 ; 17 . as máthir a ṡotho feissin cach n-óenchrann, Sg. 65a6 . ni bu fua reir fesin boi som, Ml. 14b13 . nadndechuid ... huadsom dochum nDae acht duintarrae inna ucht fesin iterum, Ml. 54d3 . issa thorbe feisin són nammá `it is his own profit only' Wb. 12c25 . diróscai di hilib a cheneiuil feisin, Sg. 40a18 . inna aicniud feisin `in its own nature' 209b35 . a folud feisin, 211b3 . a ancride feisin immeḟolṅgai césad dó, 209b18 . ni a doenacht fesine rudanordan acht deacht, Wb. 33c5 (fem. agreeing with doenacht, Ped., Asp. i Irsk 93z and Thes. Suppl. Cf. 28d21 cited below under 3 pl. ). (f.) a ggnim feisne its [lit. her] own action Sg. 199a2 .

B fria menmain fadesin, Mon. Tall. § 21 . ina insi fadessin, § 4 . for a anmain fadesin ZCP iii 451.25 . a setig dano do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom that his wife also should do penance on her own behalf and on her husband's Mon. Tall. § 86 . an tíi connessai a pectha fadesin, Ériu vii 170 § 18 . tara thúaith fadesin, Críth G. 28 . a thir (a less) fadesin, 251 ; 252 . cóic ṡeóit a thige fadessin, 395 . nan inraic nech ina chais fadesin, Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . a charpat fadessin TBC-LL¹ 771 . lucht a chrichi fadessin, LL 262a14 ( MU² 42 ). cf. a sretha sét fadessnei, Críth G. 244 (poss. seems to refer to `āith' kiln). .l. ban a mná fodéin, LU 8375 . fó a réir fodein, 8622 . a gilla fadéin, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6.23 . co dún a athar budhéin, Acall. 1199 (verse). o[a] chotib fadén, MacCongl. 51.1 . ina beol (beolu) fodén, 65.9 ; 65.19 ; 67.9 . tria thóebán fodéne (fadéne, bodéine, budheine, v.l.), Fél. 352 . gaibid dó a chlaideb fessin attacks him (viz. Goliath) with his own sword SR 5874 (deibhidhe rime with : sin). a ara fessin, LU 8805 . coa mnaí fessin, 3267 . a aicned fessin, 9792 . tanic ... coa ferand duthaig fesin 3199 . tuargaib a tech ... co riacht a dirgi fesin inna cetna 8402 . dia argat fesin, AU 963 . roráidset ... a muinter féin fri Dauíd, SR 6358 . go rogaid Moisi ... forsin Ríg ... | coro léiced dó a chosc fein | 'sa timargain dia uagréir, 4127 . dia brathrib fein, 3147 . a chommaín féin, LU 2286 ( FA 34 ). béim da bíail féin, LU 8028 ( FB 77 ). a n-aimsir a bais fen BCC § 34 . fer a inaid fein, § 27 . cindus do beidis ... ina diaidh fen, § 33 . rena beo fen ib. (f.) a derbhráthair féin , Acall. 541 . a cuit féin, 2341 . léna muintir féin, 2162 . a cóir féine her own rights TD 24.1 .

1 pl.

A cf. ara[r] pecthaigi dano fesin, Ml. 105a4 .

B diar lessugud fodein, PH 6121 . dar ndeoin buden of our own free will Aen. 1575 . láeg ar mbó féin, CRR 5 . ar n-athair féin, Acall. 398 . asar ndúchus féin, CCath. 607 .

2 pl.

A for n-airchinnech féisne, Wb. 5a11 .

B do for feraib fodeisne, LU 1777 (= do for fer fodein, YBL 4b29 ). far n-ósarbráthair fodéin, SR 3587 . for n-eitteire féin SR 3504 . bhur bhfir féin, Acall. 976 .

3 pl.

A ised asbertis ba [a] nert fadesin immefolnged choscur doib ni bu Dia, Ml. 95a5 . dia luc fadesin, Sg. 154b1 . cen tíchtain á tíre fadesin, Ml. 34d12 . a rriuth aicneta fedesin, BCr. 18b12 . fo a réir fadésne, Wb. 5b3 . nach du Dia ... acht is dia neurt fessin, Ml. 46d10 . inna n-aicniud feisin, Sg. 188a18 . in teist dorat a fili fésine, Wb. 31b19 . a mmuintire fesine `of their own household' 28d21 (her ? Ped. takes fesine as fem. here, Asp. i Irsk 93y ). acuit inna forciunn feisne on their own termination Sg. 213a8 . is sairiu doib fognam dona ballaib ailib doib oldaas cid a fognam féisne, Wb. 12b2 . a tola féisne, 30d8 .

B a ndochoisci fadesin, Aipg. Cr. § 18 ( ZCP iii 451 ). inda leth fadessin, Mon. Tall. §64 . im rennaib ... a n-arm fodessin, LU 6287 . a n-echrada fadesin, 10591 . a n-indmassa dilse fadeissin, PH 6132 . do reir a n-uird uodessin, 336 . re comalta bodéin, Acall. 2145 . dia fíadnaib fein, LU 8550 ( FB 40 ). triana sualchib ... féin 2393 . assa corpaib fodéin, MU² 276 . ara bferaibh féin, Acall. 988 .

(g) After subst.

(α) preceded by article:

A act in duine fadesin (gl. quis enim scit hominum ... ?) Wb. 8b8 . in popul fadesin, Ml. 34d7 . in doini adordais inna idlu nō ind idail fadesin, 36d16 . ind nime fadesin `of the heaven itself' 51c27 . caingníme na forcitlaide fadesine `of the good deeds of the teachers themselves' Wb. 31d17 . as in talam fessin `from the earth itself' Ml. 45d13 . is dund salm fessin is ainm lessom `titulus', 74b1 . it hé inso boill ind senduine et is hé in senduine fessin, Wb. 27b8 . don chrunn fésin is nomen `buxum' ... ni don torud, Sg. 61b13 (cf. do chrunn fessin 61b8 ). atbelat sidi ┐ inna soinmecha fesin, Ml. 57a3 . tresin n-aimsir feissin .i. amal bid ind aimsir feisin, Sg. 188a26 . Cf. is nomen du[n?] chathraig fissin, Ml. 131c3 .

B forsin duini fadesin `the man himself' Ériu vii 138.4 . in file fodhesin, IT iii 96y . ar chairiguth ind uilc fadesin `to correct the evil itself' Ériu vii 162 § 5 . do laim in choimded uodessin PH 4770 . in Fathliaig fodessin, MacCongl. 93.7 . is i so in anamhain fodhen, IT iii 97 § 157 . lucht inotachta na cathrach badhdein those who enter the city itself Fl. Earls 100.6 . in cepp i mbai ind inneoin | is ind indeoin fodēine (: nārfēile), Rawl. 139b27 ( Ériu iv 110 = ┐ ind i. féni, LL 35a6 ). slān uaim don bith budhdēine | la Rīgh ngrēine os mithid, RC xxxvii 352 § 13 . fáilte in Comded fessin, LU 2125 . tri la ria samfuin ┐ tri laa iarma ┐ lathe na samna feisne, 3223 . in Comdiu féin, 2757 . forcraid cech baill do thinól ... corop isin bul[l]sa fein fogaba ciped ... dliges, 2584 . cidat falsi araile di ruinib na esergi ar is todochaide n-airchend ind esergi fein, 2614 . pl. Tuadhmhumha ... d'orccain lá Conchobhar M. ┐ la Gallaibh. na Goill feisne do theacht leis co Ross C., AFM iii 68.15 .

(β) without art.:

A (cf. qui in rectum non iudicio (.i. fadesin) ducuntur Ml. 51b16 , where the meaning may be `their own judgement or reason,' i.e. that of the mules ( Psalms xxxi 9 ); the ex. then belongs to f). cosmil fri Crist fessin a athir nemde, Wb. 13d13 . ol Priscien feissin `saith P. himself' Sg. 40a12 . i fogur Dae fessin, Wb. 25b19 . foirbthetu neirt fesin, Ml. 128d18 .

B airecht fodesin, one of the five `cenéla airechta': airecht fodesin, is a suidhi bīt brethemain co sē līnaib deec airecta umpu, ZCP xii 360 ( O'Curry 74 < H 3.18, 57b ). bairdne fadessin name of a metre, or a class of metres: IT iii 14 § 27 . admall ..., is bairdne fadeisin a ruidles .i. blogbairdne ┐ brecbairdne, etc. 22 § 67 . cf. 43 § 52 ( ar bairdni fesin, 109.17 ). duan fadesin name of a metre: duan fadesin ┐ duan cenélach ┐ forduan, etc. IT iii 12 § 18 ( duan fen, § 21 ; in 22 § 67 , 41 § 46 , this is simply duan) : cf. rii tuaithe, di feraib deacc do lessaib tuaithe folloing tuath fadessin fria taiscedhi `a king of a tribe, twelve men are supported by the territory on his excursions for the good of the territory' Laws iv 338.21 = Críth G. 599 , where the ed. reads: folloing ... thaiscidi, and renders `the tuath maintains himself (the king alone) for his private affairs' Mac Neill renders: `whom the tuath itself sustains' PRIA xxxvi C 306 . With npr., etc.: im Pettar fadheissin, Otia ii 95 § 23 . íasacht ṁbliadna do Dund Cualnge, ┐ ragaid lóg a íasachta dó ... .i. coíca samaisci ┐ Dond Cualnge fadessin, TBC-LL¹ 93 . Concobar fodessin, LU 8205 ( FB 15 ). is Día fadesne chuirius nech i bpianaibh, Aisl. Tond. 106 § 6 (= as e Dīa fein cuires pian ar duine, 132 ). bid marb Iacob fodein, SR 3603 . ro iarfacht Forainn fadein do | fiad in tṡlúag, 3293 . cortrascair grianan Bricrend ... co torcair Bricriu fodein ┐ a rigan, LU 8379 ( FB 25 ). Bricriu fodein LU 8178 . atrachtatar Ulaid im Chonchobar ... luid Conchobar fodein ... co D., MU² 191 . ro gaet Connla ic Ath leathan ocus Áth lethan bodhéin ... is Dun E. ... caidhi fochaind a claechlóigh?, Acall. 1189 (verse). Dia fa dhéin, , Dán Dé xxvi 39 . intan baí ic deiscin na n-én | Eua féssin, SR 2138 . Medb fessin, LU 8840 ( FB 62 ). marbais in Liath M. ... ech Ercoil ┐ noscengland Cu Ch. Ercoil fessin, LU 8929 ( FB 70 ; similarly LU 8922 ). Cu Chulaind fessin ┐ a ara, 10176 . Mac Dathó fessin, ScM. 6 . Forgall fessin, LU 10265 . fri tressaib Forgaill fessin, 10267 . pl.: iomaireacc ... eitir Chonnachtaibh féisin , AFM i 402.8 (= inter Connachta inuicem AU 798 ). Adam fein, SR 1303 . gaisced Conchobair féin LU 5048 . Dia féin, PH 7378 . ro chuirestair Eochaid eclacha ... d'iarraidh a mnae. dochuaidh Eochaid fein iar sin d'iarraidh Etaine, IT i 129.14 . adubairt Find féin, Acall. 1401 . fian Conáin. fian Oisín ... fiann Find féin, 1399 . pl. D., ri Alban, do marbad la hAlbanchu fein, AU 966 .

III In sense even: na cnuic fen even those hills BCC 18.4 . ar laoidh féin ni fagthar dath not even a poem is credited Content. vi 13 . aniu féin even now xxii 11 . With demons. : ni beith an dinite sin féin even that dignity BCC § 1 . an talam ud fein, § 26 .

The forms cadéin, cade(i)s(s)in, césin, céin, etc., are explained by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 153 ) as containing cia or cid with pron. and demons. They disappear early. In tabulating the forms according to usage the arrangement of the f— forms above is followed. The rendering even, also suits several of the exx.

I As subject of (virtual) copula clause:

3 s. B baí brathair laiss Long mac Ebonis cadessin, LU 6107 . Cf. is amlaid no imthiged Medb ┐ nói carpait fóthi ... da charpat rempe díb ┐ da charpat na diaid ┐ da charpat cechtar a da táeb ┐ carpat eturru ar medon cadessin, TBC-LL¹ 697 (Windisch supplies (a) before the last `carpat' and renders `ihr eigener Wagen in der Mitte zwischen ihnen'; the meaning will be brought out better if we add a comma after `eturru' and render and (her) chariot between them, that (was) in the middle).

3 pl. B Dal Cormaic Luisc in tres primslonnud eirrid cadesin Dál C. L. the third principal stem, these were chariot fighters Rawl. 118b42 (= errid cid in sin, LL 312a11 ). Ethne mathair ... Cormaic ┐ Niad Chuirp ┐ eirrid cadessine ib. 47 (= errid chatha sin, LL 312a17 . Cf. oldaas cid a fognam féisne, Wb. 12b12 . ro ergiset Conall ┐ Eogan. & cid iatside ropsat láma in net nathrach, LL 304b19 ( Bor. 113 )).

II

(a)

1 s.

A fuachaidsem ... fuachimm chein, Thes. ii 293.23 .

B atchí Bran | lin tond ... | atchiu cadéin (budhen v.l.) ... scotha, Imr. Brain 35 .

3 s.

A caraimse fos ... oc mu lebran ... caraid cesin a maccdán, Thes. ii 293.17 .

B dagéini dano Lethan fora áth ... anais cadessin ara chind Con C., LU 5314 . guitter dano Lath ... ara chend ... datuitside dano cadessin, 5986 . imtéit cadesin, Críth G. 601 . asbeir cadisin, Bürgschaft I § 53 . crich ína coisce guire noise ... adsuighe crích cadesin, Laws iv 142.24 . cf. ad-suide cadeissin, ZCP xvi 212.7 . indfine co .vii. firu dec: conranna [leg. —t ?] cadeissin finteda, Laws iv 284.7 .

3 pl.

A [cf. ni comalnatsom cid feissne recht, Wb. 20c22 ].

B imcomaircid na fāithe ele ... ┐ asbertatar cadissin: ticfa, etc. ZCP viii 312.32 . foíte días día thabairt ass ... fecsit cadesne for coí, LU 1773 . Cf. doforbartatar in dunat cadeissin, IT iii 239.145 .

(b) ref. to preceding infixed pron.:

? 1 s. B fritamgair céin, ACL iii 294 § 11 .

(c) ref. to suff. pron. 3 s. A gabsi cadessin abbaith `took himself as abbot' Thes. ii 242 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). But possibly the subj. of the verb is emphasized and the ex. belongs to II (a).

(d) in apposition to independent pron.

1 s.

A [cf. os me chene, Thes. ii 293.25 ].

3 s.

B [cf. laech uathmar ... folt dondchas fair, ossē lethgloir cadissin, TBC-I¹ 3302 (om. LL).

(e) after prep. pron.

1 pl. A is comadas duun chanisin, Thes. ii 246.4 (Camb. Hom.).

3 pl. A indib cadesin, Sg. 150b2 . ataat tuisil indib cadésin, 188a2 .

(f) after subst. preceded by poss.

1 s. A mu menma céin, Thes. ii 293.15 . im lín chéin ib. 21 . for mu mud cein, 294.4 .

3 s. B 'na mennat ceisni (: Feirtsi), Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 54 (an archaising form on pattern of cadessin, Ed.).

níamaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. níamaid or dil.ie/33166
Last Revised: 2019

 

v ā. brightens, polishes, cleans : ro níamh a ghnūis gheldearg, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 18.6 ​. ro niamhadh a etach, ZCP xiii 171.4 . ra niamaid ┐ ro nuaglanaid cathbarr[a], TTebe 1272 . an dealg ōir . . . níamhas ceard, Manners and Customs iii 168. nī fírḟlaith nad niamat bi bennachtnaib whom the living do not glorify with blessings, ZCP xi 97 § 59.

Vn. iarna níamad do ór, Marco P. 49. fuiglech na nār ca niamad `the spoils left by the nobles decked the victors', Metr. Dinds. iii 360.72 . tai ac niamad da [ = do] namad fein thou art decking out thy own enemy (the body), ACL iii 238 § 13. ag glain-níamhadh [sic leg.] a ngonnadh furbishing , Hugh Roe 210.26 (f. 56a-b) . Fig. cleansing : a niamhadh agas a nua-ghlanadh ó tsal agas ó tsalchar an fhuar-chreidimh, Carswell² 19.611 . In concrete sense: dā deil dirgi . . . niamad nosmar amal corcairglain forru decoration , BB 241b53 .

1 ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ó or dil.ie/33364
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ó, hó, oa, ua, ualailiu, ón(d), (h)uan(d), ón, ón, on, ón, hond, huand, ond, uandí, huand, onaib, honaib, huanaib, hunaib, óna, (h)uaim(m), óim, (h)uait, (h)uad, ood, ōd, ód, uad, huad, huadh, uada, uadha, uaid(h), uaidh, (h)uadi, úade, huade, uathi, uaithi, hude, (h)uain(n), huann, húan, uanni, huanni, ónni, onni, uann, uainn, úanna, (h)uaib, (h)uadib, uaidib, huaidib, úaidib, uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib, úathu, uathu, uathaibh, uatha, uatha, óm, ót, óa, ó, óa, ua, ó, , óa, ua, ó, hoa, hua, hua, ho, ondid, honid, onid

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing dat.

Forms O.Ir. ó (o); hó (ho), usual form in Ml. oa, Sg. 4b1 . ua, 3b4 ; 112 ( Thes. ii 290.5 ), cf. huaitherrechtaigthib, 32b2 ; ualailiu, 25b12 .

With art.: sing. ón(d), (h)uan(d): ón bunud, Sg. 33b2 . ón chiunn, Wb. 22a17 . on deacht, 9d10 . ón spirut, 15a12 . hond airdbiu, Ml. 55b17 . huand imbud, 56b23 . uand aitherrech- taigthiu, Sg. 32b7 . (with pron. í) ond, 156a1 , 3 , b3 . uandí, 156b1 . huand, 156b2 .

pl. onaib, Sg. 44a3 . Enchir. Aug. 75b ( ZCP vii 482 ). honaib, Tur. 91 , 92 , 93 ( Thes. ii 491 ). Ml. 32b2 . huanaib, Sg. 33b8 . hunaib, 32b6 . hona fuathaib, Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). Mid.Ir. óna.

With pron. suff.: 1 s. (h)uaim(m). óim, Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ), archaic. 2 s. (h)uait. 3 s m. (h)uad. ood, Cambr. 37 a ( Thes. ii 244.25 ); ? ōd ( ód v.l.), Trip. 238.21 (archaic forms). Mid.Ir. uad, huad. huadh, Hib. Min. 8.271 . uada, TBC-LL¹ 2251 , PH 841 , 908 , 2118 , 7636 , 7682 , 7782 , 8289 . uadha, 7722 . Later uaid(h), mod. uaidh. 3 s. f. (h)uadi. Mid.Ir. úade ( huade v.l.), Hy. v 36 ; uathi, uaithi. hude, Mon. Tall. 150.23 . 1 pl. (h)uain(n); huann, Wb. 4d9 . húan, BCr. 32b3 . uanni, Wb. 12a12 ; huanni, 5a7 ; ónni, 4b19 ; onni, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.21 ). Mid.Ir. uann, uainn (uaind). úanna, Mon. Tall. 153.28 . 2 pl. (h)uaib. 3 pl. (h)uadib. uaidib, Wb. 24b29, 27d1, 31d18 . huaidib, Wb. 32a29 . úaidib, Bechbretha 62 § 23 . Mid.Ir. uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib; úathu, TBC-LL¹ 3557 , 5092 ; uathu, 3581 , 3630 , 5064 . uathaibh, uatha, Keat.; mod. uatha.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. óm; 2 s. ót (later often ód); 3 s. óa, ó (latter form common); 3 pl. óa; ua mbraithrib, Wb. 34a6 . In late Mid.Ir. -n- is often inserted before the poss. of the 3rd pers.: ó (= óa) , TBC-LL¹ 6159 = óna ó, H., Add.

With rel. pron.: óa n , ua n , ó n : hoa rícc, Wb. 5c16 . hua mbí, Tur. 10. hua n-erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . hua ndirrudigeddar, Sg. 33a23 . ho n-eroimer, Ml. 17c7 . ho torgab, 32a23 . ó n-aidil- cnigthir, Hib. Min. 8. 245 . cia o-rb halachta, Lat. Lives 65.8 ( LB 62a22 ).

With cop. 3 s.: ondid, Wb. 12d23 . honid, Ml. 51c2 . Mid.Ir., onid, BColm. 32.25 .

In late Irish lenition is arbitrary in stereotyped phrases like: ó sin ale, see TD ii 264 n. § 36 . Occas. folld. by acc. pl. in Mid.Ir.: o marbu, PH 1073 , 1854 , etc.

In meaning, corresponds in general to Lat. a, ab or to the ablative case, in Glosses used to represent either. Hence by analogy after arbeir biuth = Lat. utitur: ho n-erberad biuth (gl. qua oratione sit usurus), Ml. 48a5 , cf. 48b12 . hua n-erbirmis biuth which we spent, 135d3 (gl. ex illo tempore quo degebamus [in Aegypto] `in which we lived'; the glossator perhaps mis- understood the Lat. construction). Cf. also Hib. Min. 13.438 : aranni arbar bith inn aesa dilmain on bethaid shuthain = eo quod scilicet vitâ aeternâ fruitur; `because the lawful people enjoy life everlasting', Meyer, but the construction is not clear. Similarly Enchir. Aug. 79b : ut ratione utatur (.i. o cheill).

I Denoting separation from (lit. or fig.), after vbs.

(a) of motion: tóiniud flatho ó róma[nib], Wb. 26a5 . eirg ón muicc ! get away from, IT i 104.13 , cf. do duit uaim be off! 214.19 . imreitís úathu ┐ chuccu to and fro from them, TBC-LL¹ 3557. na daíne claenus o t'aithnib who swerve from, PH 7303. atracht [Christ] . . . o marbu, 1854 . regaid cech n-olc uaib, 2102 . dochuáid úait in curathmír you have lost, FB 43. go rachadh a thir ┐ a dhúthaidh uaidh, ZCP ii 558.27 . Putting, sending, casting (away), etc.: léic uáit inna biada mílsi put away, Wb. 6c7 . ros-lá úad uli sent them all away, Mon. Tall. 23. sín in láimh uait stretch forth thy hand, Ériu iv 118.13 . focheird a adbena . . . úad, TBC-LL¹ 1076. sróna na n-ech . . . ac súgud grene ┐ gaíthe uathu ┐ chuccu exhaling and inhaling, 5064 .

(b) taking from: oc tabairt tana bó uait carrying off thy herd, IT i 101.24 . dia ructhar ar mna doera uand, TBC-LL¹ 1130 (= úan LU). co mbert a mac huaithi, ZCP viii 310.37 . dobered . . . búaid ṁbáire . . . ona tri cóictaib maccaem, TBC-LL¹ 971. cidh bé doberadh buaidh catha ona naimdib, Maund. 10.

(c) desisting, hindering: anad o pecdaib, PH 3455. in rí tairmisces a chloidem o fhuil (= qui prohibet . . . a sanguine), 4213 .

(d) preserving, delivering, etc.: condanfírianichthi úadib (sc. a peccatis nostris), Wb. 2d14 . dlegar do neuch a chongmail uadi to keep away from her, Mon. Tall. 14. dia coimet on índdirge, PH 1009. ros-glan Dia in tempul on uli élned, 2098 . ro saerait . . . o bas, 412 . ro thuaslaicset . . . popul na ngénnte o fhógnum hídal, 4565 . Similarly after adjs. denoting exemp- tion, etc.: bid slan tú o fholaid Christ `free from the enmity of C.', PH 803. isam nemchintach-sa o fhuil in duine noim, 3282 . Cf. is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí (the steading) is empty of its own inheritors, BColm. 78.14 .

II Origin, source from which someth. comes or is obtained:

(a) after copula or subst. vb., expressed or understood: is húad cach n-ecne all wisdom is from Him, Wb. 7c15 . rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy. i 20. is ond nemud a n-incoimet `they are to be minded by the "nemedh"-person', Laws iv 180.20 . is eiric tairsce uadaib and `it is the fine . . . that is due from them for it', 138.8 Comm. ná bith fochunn uaimm fein dom aecṅduch let me give no cause to speak evil of me, Wb. 11c1 . gach lá saire er a fhuil cengul on eglais (= which the Church enjoins), PH 7373. na feich uilet uad asa faithchi which are due from him, Laws iv 28.15 Comm. After a noun: furóil serce ho Pool doib-som abundance of love from P., Wb. 14d30 . in fírinne hó hiris (= ex fide iustitia), 4d23 . gním uad feisin foir feisin action from himself on himself, Sg. 209b12 .

(b) after vbs. of motion: comma rí far ṅdígal huaim-se that vengeance for you may happen from me, Wb. 5d37 . ni fil uaidib som o nach ri (ónach ric LU) there is not one of them who cannot do it (lit. from whom it arrives not), TBC-LL¹ 684. ní tharnic úan do rád (= we failed to announce it), TBC-LL¹ 645. rangus ó Iruath 'na diaig (= Herod sent messengers after him), ZCP viii 115.1 .

(c) sending; bringing, taking : foídis E. techta úad fo Erind, IT i 118.32 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi send me, TTebe 1025 . berar a n-imchumarcc huáib let a salutation be taken from you to them, Wb. 7b4 . ructha eipistil uad fon uli thalam, PH 1171. doberdis audpartai dosom ó Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 10.

(d) receiving, getting: in doínecht araróit som ónni which he hath assumed from us, Wb. 4b19 . ni hetus huaim fess ri fer, IT i 120.22 . fogebtís mor d'ulcc ona naimtiu, PH 4049. ros- cendaig on Iudaide had bought it from, 55 . With ellipse: is ail dona mnáib ind eoin ucut úatsiu the women would like to get those birds from you (= would like you to get them those birds), SCC 5. Analogous: cech bo . . . no-mbligtis da trian blechta d'immarcraid uadib, IT i 72.6 . forodamair guasachtu . . . o latrandaib, PH 1659.

(e) asking, desiring: ro thothlaigset fortacht o Dia, PH 6292 . dom íarraidh úam ar éládh asking me to elope, Ériu ix 4.40 . cid is ailicc dúib húam? what do ye desire of me? iv 140.5 .

(f) hearing, learning, etc.: amal bid o Dia rachlóithe, Wb. 24d21 . cech dírúais ro Columb ó chille cualammar that we have heard from Colum C., RC xx 258 ( ACC 64 ) = o Chollum Ch., LU 866. sochide rodá-scrib húan many have transcribed it from us, BCr. 32b3 . uadh do sgriobhadh i lleabraib it was written down from his teaching, ZCP viii 116 x . is áil a fhis uaib I wish to find out from you, PH 1067. indis do cách creitfes uait, 2395 .

(g) this is prob. the orig. sense after vbs. of giving. In later Mid.Ir. and in Mod.Ir. ó is commonly used with the reflex. pron. after such vbs. damadh leis righe an c[h]uiccidh . . . dobheradh d'eicsibh uado he would give it away to poets, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 21 . da tucadh duine cach uile festa uáidh, Maund. 181. tabraid dam in n-aiscid sin uaib, TTebe 3314 . an cath dobhéaridís uatha nó an braighde whether they should give battle or give hostages, Ériu i 81 § 14. Similarly after vbs. of saying: innis-[s]iu uait dam tell me, Ériu v 26.14 . inneosad uaim daoibh-se sain, Keat. ii 1645 (poem).

(h) to express derivation, descent: [regno] ondí as rex (gl. a rege), Sg. 156a1 . bid titio atinne ┐ titulus huadh ` titio' is a firebrand and `titulus' (is derived) from it, Hib. Min. 8.271 . is úadib Crist (= ex quibus [est] C. secundum carnem), Wb. 4c2 . madgénair ó Mairi, Fél. Prol. 251. in iat a tustige o ṅgenir? PH 2292. saíthi ór chin Ó Caímh from whom O'Keeffe has sprung, Ériu iv 218 § 26. Gaidel glas . . . o tat Gaidil, MacCarthy 288.1 . bid uad Heriu co brath Érin will be (inherited) by his posterity, RC xxiv 192.9 . is húait bias flaith for hÉirinn co bráth, ZCP viii 318.3 . Dondchad ní fil huad D. has left no posterity, 296.18 . dia mbad o Uib Neill . . . in rige if the king- dom were held by one of the O'Neills, Ériu v 232.11 .

(i) after vbs. of naming, calling, after, from: o máthair ro hainmniged (of Concobar mac Nessa), Ériu iv 22 § 1. do- bretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.110 . an t-én ceileabhrus do chách | uadh sloinnfidher é (i.e. he will be named Lonán from `lon' a blackbird), ZCP viii 109.22 . uait do gairmeadh ainm an taoisigh, Keat. Poems 1530.

(j) in sense hailing from, coming from: fer . . . on Antuaig a man of Antioch, PH 284. on Effis dam I am from Ephesus, 1058 . in sab . . . ó Óendruim, Fél. June 23 . in maccáin ó Bethil, Dec. 28. Occas. after titles: cing o Nuibie king of Nubia, ZCP vi 56.24 . iarla o Barbuicc earl of Warwick, 24.16 . (analogically) iarlacht o Bharbhuicc, ib. 4 .

(k) used with refl. pers. pron. on the part of; of oneself, of one's own accord : ni uaínn fesine ataam for tectiri (gl. non quod sufficientes simus cogitare aliquid a nobis), Wb. 15a13 , perh. rather to be referred to (c). huadib féissna . . . non ab alio , gl. per se [pati demonstrant], Sg. 144b1 . línaid [na dabcha] uatha fein fill of themselves, Maund. 18. osclaigid . . . na doirsi uathaib fein, RC xii 334.3 . Cf. méin mhaith uaibh- se gé do fhuair, | uaidh féin as uaisle flaith Fáil is noblest on his own account, Ir. Monthly 1919, 399.16 .

Analogous are the follg. exx. in which ó is used after an adj.: gebe duine deradh . . . nach fior uaim a raidhim, Rel. Celt. ii 292 y . amhnáirech uan aighed ort it is presumptuous of us to face thee, IGT Dec. ex. 1388. Cf. na daeine onab eolach leabur do legadh who know how to read (?), Maund. 117 (leg. donab?).

III Cause (closely akin to preceding): is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam it is from (our) sinful nature that we have trans- gressed, Wb. 21b4 . is borb . . . cech duine on gentligecht `through paganism every one becomes rude', PH 725. is ó duthracht a menman badéin dochoid (= ductus voluntate animi), 4742 . relta . . . onid sorcha in bith, BColm. 32.25 . bid subach sind ma dubach ind on aithrigi I shall be happy if I am sorrowful through penitence, ACL iii 234 § 8. an duine chuimetus a run ona aithne de who keeps a secret because bidden to do so, Ériu v 128 § 31. dergfait cloidbe . . . beit úada gan maithius they will gain nothing thereby, ZCP iii 32.18 .

Of persons (regarded as cause of a certain state): cia orb halachta in chumal, Lat. Lives 65.8 . fá torrach uad fein í, TTebe 4800 . is imda ledartha ┐ cuirp tholla annso uadha (= he has left many mangled corpses), ZCP xiii 244.11 . an cúiger druadh . . . an cuigead uadh dob ḟuigleach the province was left a remnant by them, Ériu iv 222 § 38. gan fear 'na bheathaidh aguinne ó Chonn is óa thriathaib, ML 38.2 .

IV Material from which someth. is made: dorigéni Dia corp duini ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ainmidhi cumuscdha ó dhuine ┐ ó tharb (of the Minotaur), ZCP iv 239.3 . To this head belongs the idiomatic use of do-airissethar with ó = consists of (in), prob. an imitation of Lat. consistere, constare with abl.: is hi ernaigthe thairises ón airem rúnda (= oratio consistens consecrato numero), PH 8026. in tíí tairises . . . o dib n-aicen- taib .i. hon doenacht ┐ o diadacht, 6782 ; cf. 7091 . co tarsidar o .x. tetaib (the harp) consists of ten strings, Hib. Min. 1.20 , cf. 2.25 . is on deda-sa immefolangar cach dune findbathach (= de his duobus beatus homo efficitur), 13.432 . Analogous: o thochaiter . . . in bliadain uile o chóic lathib sescait [leg. -at] ar tri cetaib (= per trecentos . . . dies annus ducitur), PH 4934.

V Instrument :

(a) in strict sense: a n-asberthar ho giun what is uttered by mouth, Wb. 5d14 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib all do not speak with many tongues, 12b22 . in sians ondid accobor limsa ícc cáich by which I wish to save every one, 12d23 , cf. 5c16 . arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin which they do with those members, Ml. 56b3 . combad ó lémum [léimim] dochúatár . . . tairse by leaping, FB 88. timchillid in coimdiu in cuthi o níul, PH 1223. in tíí rot-biath sib o maind nemda, 2825 . comba soleir duit o shuilib corpardha he, ZCP iv 384.10 . do chomarthaigh ó comhartha na croiche . . . é féin, BNnÉ 275 § 257. ros-eitseat o eirreadaibh dereoilibh clad themselves in wretched garments, CCath. 1073. ro ghabus oca cendsugud o briathraib áilghinaib, Ériu v 148.36 . la- brastar o bérlu aiṅglecdha, Ériu ii 100 § 7.

(b) after vbs. of filling, satisfying and kindred adjs.: in tí nach sástar o brethir Dé, PH 8381. ro línais mo meis o cech maith, 1359 . lan o rath in spiruta noim, 2258 . saithech o began satisfied with little, Ériu v 128.1 . coimlinta o dhaoinibh, Fl. Earls 258.2 .

(c) in adverbial expressions denoting way, manner, atten- dant circumstances: o nach mud etir (gl. omni modo), Sg. 25b11 . o tri modaib ordaigther in sollamainsea, PH 3600. o béss saegulla in secular fashion, Trip. 80.24 . munat ón chéill-si adeirthear in this sense, IGT Introd. § 28. gan shunnradh . . . ó shunnradh in an indefinite sense . . . in a definite one, § 73. as leó o cert an tsealb theirs by right, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254 n. 1 . go bhfuil agam ó dhligheadh . . . léim thar uimhir éigcinnte that I have a right to skip, Content. vi 86 . Rendering a Latin ablative: atbēla ō bhās, ITS xxxiv 58 § 29 (morte morieris, Gen. ii 17 ). na ro aiplium o thircur, ITS xxxiv 66 § 31 (ne forte moriamur, Gen. iii 3 ).

VI Agent (an extension of II):

(a) with passive vb.: cf. Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ): quaestio . . . mihi (.i. dativus .i. óim) enodanda. amal non-nertar-ni ho dia, Wb. 14b13 . intí on gontar nech by whom some one is slain, Ériu iii 140.182 . tinólfaider uanni a muster will be made by us, CRR 22 (p. 32.6) . coro gabad o Iúdaidib ┐ coro crochad o míledu, PH 2363. cethri cinid . . . ó ngabtha rigi in domain, Ériu iv 174.5 . forfemdeass o neoch . . . techt 'na adhuicch none was able to oppose him, RC xiii 8.7 . ro forcóngradh ó Ṡenchan for filedaibh Erenn, ACL iii 4.21 .

Similarly with part. and participial adj.: adib scripthi-si ón spirut ye are written by the Spirit, Wb. 15a12 . ba hada- mraigthi . . . he ona hapstalu admired by, PH 685. Cf. also: peacadh Mhuire . . . ro ba ghlan uile ón Fhíréan, A. Ó Dálaigh li 10 (= ro ba ghlanta). mar tá tú uainne `the state I have brought Thee to', Dán Dé xviii 11.

(b) after verbal and kindred nouns (a later use than that of DO, the prep. commonly employed in Mid.Ir.): adrad in Maic óna trí druídib, Ériu ii 198.20 . arna rád ó tri húgdaraib, BColm. 2.11 . bás Anmchadha . . . ó Mhathghamhna, Ériu i 102.4 . trí conganta na nguthaidhe ó chonnsuinibh three cases in which vowels are reinforced by consonants, IGT Introd. § 18. gním an cét laí on dúilem, RC xxiv 372.10 . ata i cúibrech o ainglib Dé is held in chains by, PH 2038. a dhochar ón drochshaoghal `his sufferings from the cruel world', Dán Dé iv 12 .

VII In partitive sense, generally after an indef. or demonstr. pron. or numeral; in early Ir. only before pronouns, DE being used before subst. la nech huáin any one of us, Wb. 6b20 . cách uáib, 25a34 . rann uáibsi, 14c15 . is aen uaib nom- braithfi-sea, PH 2372. dias uaib two of you, Ériu i 118 § 10. cechtar bhuaind both of us, ZCP xiii 232.15 . antí bus coscrach uaib whichever of you conquers, TTebe 4392 . gibé uaibh lén háil coinntinn, Content. xxviii 59. tuarustal . . . da gach en- brucchaid uathaibh, ZCP viii 116 § 15. cethrar o marcachaib, Anecd. i 10.5 .

VIII Used with a noun to limit or define the application of a preceding adj. or noun:

(a) in respect of, with regard to , gen. after adj.: basa iudide ó écosc . . . nipsa iudide ó béssaib a Jew in appearance . . . a Jew in customs, Wb. 10d34 , 35 . marb hó thoil cholno dead as to the desire of the flesh, 19a17 . it hǽ ata dirgi ho chridiu upright in heart, Ml. 56a20 . cennais o menmain ┐ o fordreich, PH 1974. ba genmnaid o curp he, RC xii 334 z . do bhí . . . láidir ó bhríoghaibh, ITS xvi 2.20 . ro ócc o aeis too young in years, BCC § 63. gerb fada C.C. uatha ó corp . . . do bi sé faríu ó spiraid far from them in body . . . with them in spirit, § 274. cách fria chárus ó [oa, v.l.] thaig | inna árus ard-oenaig `each in due order by rank', Metr. Dinds. iv 150 y (`the house he lived in marked his social standing,' note). Cf. iii 368.41 : Medb ropo thúalnge ó [oa, v.l.] thaig = who was competent by virtue of her rank, descent? Similarly after a vb. or vn.: nech immaruimdethar o banscáil `who transgresses in respect of a woman', Ériu vii 140.1 . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. § 41. serc De o huilib nerttaib, o chridhi, o gnim, ACL iii 312 § 1. In the follg. exx. the primary sense is locative: don leith ó tír on the land side, CCath. 1740. do leth ón muir, from the sea side, 1909 .

(b) about, concerning : don badbscel ro innis o chelib the tragic tale he told of his companions, FB 70. nídat fíra na scéla sin on fhir út, PH 2668. ná rab tathmet o Blathmac that there should be no memory of B., BColm. 20.10 . nirb ail léo labairt o maith to speak of good, Aisl. Tond. 114 § 2. gan (ó bheith aige) . . . gan (ó bheith na égmhais) `gan' [= O.Ir. ocon] of what one has . . . `gan' [= O.Ir. cen] of what one is without, IGT Introd. § 67.

IX Used of distance (in time, space or order), to denote the initial point of measurement.

(a) of time: ó thossuch from the beginning, Wb. 7b11 . huand uair nundabertatar filistindi from the time the Philistines carried it off, Ml. 82d9 . ón challaind co alaili, Fél. Prol. 325. ón chind bliadna ca chéile from one end of the year to the other, CRR 11. ó luan taite ṡamna co taite n-imbuilc, TBC-LL¹ 2900. in cóicatmad laa o dómnach na hesergi, PH 5414. o Adam co tanic Christ, 3665 . niconfacae óa gein gusan aidchi sin, Mon. Tall. § 67. ni ro gab nech aili rigi nErenn o Niall ille from (the time of) N. on, RC xxiv 202.11 . So in a number of stereotyped expressions: ó chéin long ago, ó chianaib, ó sin (ṡin) amach (anall, ille) from that time forth, ón tráth-sa.

Rarely used to express duration of time: ataat alai[li] feid- ligte ho aimsir who endure awhile, Ml. 21d4 (= ad tempus aliquos manere). ex parte .i. o aimsir bicc . . . .i. tempore tantum , Wb. 5c2 . not-cloifither anosa ┐ scērthar frit do cumachtu . . . o chéin `for long', PH 3890 (elsewhere in PH ó chéin = long ago; a mistake for co cian?). Of point of time: olaili laithiu (= in die quadam), Lat. Lives 16.13 . olailiu domnuch, 17.10 (= olaili laithi, Trip. 124.16 ; olaili domnach, ib. 7 ).

(b) space: noí n-imdada ó thenid co fraigid, FB 2 ( LU 8051 ). ó ó go erboll, TBC-LL¹ 6159. is cían uait airm in-das-fil, 884 . téora fuithairbi on tig, FB 20. mile ceimenn seachtair o ballaigip na Romha, Fl. Earls 194.16 . atá flaith adamra fri gnúis do gnúis dóib úathib sáerdes south-east of them (lit. from them south-eastwards), FA 5. is fada daine ┐ cathracha buain [= uain], ZCP vi 293.10 . In later Mid.Ir. ó is replaced to a great extent by óthá, q.v.

(b 2) 3 sg. m./n. as adv. since, hence : teora bliadna ūadh, ZCP v 501.w . truagh mo chur i gcolainn ’s gan dul uadh go hinnill 'sad is my incarnation unless I go hence safely' Ir. Syll. Poetry 35 § 11 , Celtica iii 336 n. 4 .

(c) of series of other kinds: ro hinnisidh a scélu o thus co derith, IT i 128.10 . cech olc dogné nech o bic co mor, PH 6432 . réalt is mo shoillsigheas . . . on ghealaigh amach (i.e. next to the moon), Corp. Astron. 80.27 . idir dhéirc . . . urnuighthe aifreann is gach deighghníomh oile ó shoin amach all other good works besides, Keat. iii 3040.

(d) with reflex. pron. after vbs. of seeing, viewing, at (an indefinite) distance from oneself: adchonnairc uadha an dabach he saw before him, Ériu iii 156 x . docunncadur longa uadha furan muir, ZCP vi 294.15 . tiagam . . . do deiscin uainn for fertais Locha E., TBC-LL¹ 602. o thuc aichne air uada when he had recognized him some way off, TTebe 3299 . ba ler disi tochim na sluag uaithi she could clearly see the hosts advancing, 2649 . dochonnarc uaim . . . maighdean, Keat. Poems 410. Similarly after a noun: tecoscis in gilla dó Ulaid ar cach leth úad pointed out (the places in) Ulster on every side, TBC-LL¹ 1212. na maic sin a hÉrnaib úan from the distant Erainn, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.57 . dochonncadar . . . ar chnocaibh uathaibh iad on hills in the distance, ML 62.10 . a léine as leascc leam húaim `his tunic I am loth to behold', KMMisc. 348.9 .

X After noun or vb. expressing want,

(a) of the person needing (an extension of I): nad rabi ní ba esbaid úad that he lacked nothing, FB 4. comtis failtigide [sic leg.] d'fagbail [sic leg.] stelli a hesbaid uathib that they might rejoice the more to find the star because it had disappeared from them, PH 7013. nach tessta do treigib rigachta uadha that he lacked no royal characteristics, RC x 182.4 . In late lang. common after subst. vb.: atá ní uaim I am without; I want : ná bí uaim acht agam `be mine, keep not aloof', A. Ó Dálaigh l 17. biaidh uainne go bráth ag Íor tús ar gcreach we have forfeited for ever to I. the leadership of our raids, Content. xxviii 31. isin laithe . . . in badh móo ro baoi úaidhibh for chalma do dhenomh when they had most need to show valour, Hugh Roe 316.19 (f. 82b) . an ni a bhios uaidhe d'faghail, Luc. Fid. 200.6 . Cf. cia hé an duine . . . do rachadh gan ádhbhar mor uaidh air gusan áit a mbiadh pláigh? without strong reason for it, Mac Aingil 211.8 .

In follg. exx. the prep. is equivalent to the dat. incommodi: duine . . . óna bhfuair moran da cairdib . . . bās many of whose friends had died, BCC § 109. in airdríghan ro bo marbh uadha féin whom he had lost by death, CCath. 1454. gur leor uireas- bhadh Thuaithe R. .i. O Flannagáin do mharbhadh uatha the loss sustained by the T.R. through the fall of O'F., Maguires of F. § 17.

(b) rarely of the thing needed; this construction seems con- fined to the vb. adilcnigidir and may be an imitation of the Lat. constr. of egere, indigere with abl. ata coicthi ón aidilcnig- thir ecna ┐ latar na psalmb five things which the knowledge . . . of the psalms requires, Hib. Min. 8.245 . ni aidilcniget o nach airchisecht, Alex. 851 , cf. 849 . co ro aidilgniged Ísu o fortacht aingel (= indigebat adiutorio angelorum), PH 4841 , cf. 6256 .

? toiderce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? toiderce or dil.ie/41206

 

ind im dírgi im dretlat im thoiderci, LU 4266.