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ad-teich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-teich or dil.ie/583
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: atteoch, adeochasa, adeoch, addeoch-sa, aiteoch, atethach, ateich, atabtecham, aiteocham, ataich, attaig, aitchid, aitchem, adessam, adróethach, adróithach, atum-roethach-sa, atroithich, ataich, attachetar, attach, ataigid, aitchid

v * ad-(ath-?) -tech-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 639 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atteoch, Thes. ii 349.1 (Hy. v). ateoch, 350.14 (Hy. vi), 353.5, .11 . adeochasa (adeochosa LU), TBC-I¹ 1030 . adeoch, 1031 . addeoch-sa, LL 1021 . aiteoch, ZCP vi 258.2 . ?atethach SR 817 (with inf. pron. 2 s.?). 3 s. ateich, Ml. 39b6 . 1 pl. atabtecham, ZCP vii 485 ( Enchir. Aug. Aug. 84b ). aiteocham, ZCP x 347 § 17 . Ipv. 2 s. ataich. Thes. ii 258.11 . attaig, SR 1618 . 2 pl. aitchid, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). 1 pl. aitchem, SR 1613 . Subj. pres. (fut., Ped.) 1 pl. adessam, Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). Pret. and perf. 1 s. adróethach, Thes. ii 353.5 . adróithach, Fél. Ep. 301 . 2 s. atum-roethach-sa, IT iii 242.225 . 3 s. atroithich, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . ataich, TBC-I¹ 1551 (= conattecht, TBC-LL¹ 2184 ). 3 pl. ra attachetar , TBC-LL¹ 2744 . Vn. attach. Later as simple vb. ataigid, aitchid. IGT Verbs § 52 .

Lit. flees to, resorts to (see attach), but invariably in more abstract meanings.

(a) In the constr. a.¤ x fri y invokes x against y. adjures or beseeches y by or for the sake of x. In Ir. Lit. 30 ff. the phrase ateoch frit is used before each of a long list of items: ateoch frit, a Isu . . . do cethri suiscelaige, etc. the actual prayer (co nimragba, etc.) following p. 34. aitchid a chenel fri Bran `he adjures B. by his race', Rawl. B. 512 fo. 120c32 (Plummer MS. notes). ataich Cuchulaind fris a chomaltus ┐ a muimi diblinaib Scathaich C. appealed to him by his foster-brotherhood, TBC-I¹ 1551 . aitchidh ainm nDe re Brigit um ní do tabairt do asks B. in God's name to give him something, Lism. L. 1316 . ō roataig-sim Colmān . . . riu `he adjured them by Colmán', BColm. 96.1 . attchim-se mo guide rutt, LL 374c23 . ro attaich Dia riss gan a clann d'easguine `she besought him for God's sake not to curse her children', TFrag. 102.9 .

(b) calls on, prays to, entreats: adiuro .i. atchim, Gild. Lor. 52 . arnādrīs iffernn uathach / ateoch in ríg adróethach (.i. roatchius) `that I may not go to awful hell, I beseech the King whom I have besought', Thes. ii 353.5 (Hy. vi). adróithach in rígraid / . . . / . . . atateochsa íaram, Fél. Ep. 301 . attecham (ateocham v.l.) na hóga / doairset ar ṅdála, Sept. 20. a Dé dulig adateoch, ZCP i 497.6 . aitchem na huili duli / . . . / cor guidet lenn, SR 1613 . ō roaitcheatar ainm Colmāin . . . tērnatar slán i tír, BColm. 94.12 . no aitchitis in coimdid, PH 4055 . aitchim a sídh `I beseech peace with them', Studies 1923. 599 § 18 . With cognate accus. issed attach adessam `this is the prayer that we will pray', Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). atach ind so atroithich Colum Cille co mmáthair nÍsu, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . With follg. IMM and vn. constr.: ra attchetar . . . firu hErend ma tocbáil bar lebennaib scíath they besought the men of Ireland to raise them, TBC-LL¹ 2744 . ra adaig clanda Nemid imo hainm do beith forsin ferand ind-romarbad, Dinds. 147 ( RC xvi 160 ). ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt `they begged him to eat', PH 6547 . ro attaig a shetig Samson imme sin, LB 127b15 . aitchim an dá dheaghfháidh dhéag / fam (dom, v.l.) thabhairt do Dhia ar deighshéad, Dán Dé xxv 50 . aitchet na naoimh . . . im thecht cuca da ccabhair, BNnÉ 256 § 214 . Similarly with DO: roataigh Día codichra da furtacht, ZCP vi 94.27 . ro aitchister . . . Patraicc . . . dia choemna for a bidbaid, Irish Texts i 18 § 54 . aitchett an Coimdhe do shior / naoimh sleachta Conaill dár ndíon, iii 45.30 . adchi[s]-seom (curoataigh v.l.) in Gall dia comairqui `entreated . . . for his protection', RC xxiv 56 § 17 . Note also: aithchim ar bhar n-éigse sibh / gabháil `I implore you by your poetic profession to restrain . . .', Content. xvi 88 . Less freq. with person entreated introduced by FOR or FRI: ro atuighsead an sgol for Féinius bérla do theibeadh as na hilteangthuibh, IGT Introd. 3.17 . aitchimit fort gin ar clödh forcula do dliged ar sen, ZCP i 260.5 . is eadh aitcheas nó athchuingheas Ieremias . . . ar an duine, TSh. 1619 . in fer fodrácaib co claen aitchid fris a facbail co diriuch request him, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). tocht fo a thogairm ┐ an ro ataig fris do denamh `and did whatever he requested him', AFM vi 2054.7 .

aidbred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbred or dil.ie/841
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aidbreda, aidhbriudha, aidhbridh

n u and o, [m.] Vn. of ad-fíri, g s. aidbreda, O'D. 1631 (H. 5.15, 17a). aidhbriudha, 2423 ( Rawl. B. 506, 55a ). aidhbridh, O'Dav. 111 . For the meaning act of publicizing, drawing attention to see Ériu xx 62 . act of suing, claiming: nech nád cumangar do aidbriud nó do díriuch `who cannot be sued', Ériu ii 208 § 27 . aidbriudh .i. agra, ut est eitiri rig, ar ní cach is tualaing a aidhbridh .i. a agra, O'Dav. 111 . ar ni tualaing nech acrai na aidbriudai domnaig, Anecd. iii 23.9 . es coitchend di cech oen a aidbriud ┐ a tobach, 3 . is fo līn n-aidbriudui tēid an fiach-so do neuch dib dodboing, 22.20 . ni bi aidbriud carud no coibdelchae mani acrai . . . cen dīc[h]ill, 21 . diamat do fir in aidbreda no léicfithea a imdénma, O'D. 1631 (H. 5.15, 17a). ac a.¤ a sét ac duine is isli inás, 1632 (ib.). uar aidhbriudha, 2423 ( Rawl. B 502 , 55 a). in sét aidhbriudha the `sét' which is the subject of a claim, 2418 (ib.). in bó aidbriudha, Laws ii 42.17 Comm. mana ti aidhbred, iv 236.11 Comm. bera aidbriudh taidhbi cor `a suit will set aside an unfair contract', 268.15 Comm. in neimidh uil acon aidbredh, v 216.10 Comm. aidhbriugh .i. indilsiugud ut est ar ni haidbriugh for foth(?) forlengar for dilsi, Ériu xiii 54 § 1 = O'Dav. 941 . Cf. aidbriudh .i. inndilsiugud, ut est aidbriudh molta .i. inndilsiugud, O'Dav. 56 . aes aidbredha ainme for incaibh ind rig, Laws i 72.29 ; 'people who would publicize the blemish on the king's face,' Bretha 62 = arna beth druth na hoinmid ann arna toirbeitis a ainme ina inchaib, Ériu xvi 38 § 7 ; 'lest they should taunt him with the blemish in his face' Bretha 62 . ar aithbriuth a anmae, O'Curry 64 ( H 3.18, 23a ). is lethiu enech ríg aidbriud `for a king's honour is wider than any claim', Triads 235 . aidbris . . . in claideb ┐ dorigni tecta n-adbriuda occa he made their claim according to law, IT iii 200 § 65 . cen guin gan aibriud gan atgabail, BB 370b36 . óenach . . . / cen chron cen aidbriud cen dáil, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.59 . ? for ar dianarlib / Dia dom aidbresa (adhbred-sa, aithbresa v.ll. , ZCP x 345.z ) / Crist dom ditisea, LU 1165 . aidhbriudh .i. cronughadh, O'Cl. Drawing attention to a blemish and thus shaming the victim in public Bretha 62 : coirpdiri cacha cneidi cacha aidbrida co rici ocht naidbridha dec cen etirimdibe baill ┐ ma ta eitirimdibe baill is a.¤ ar fichit, Laws iii 346.5 Comm. in rann othrusa no aithgina uil and is ar oenach reithes no ar tri haidbredaib ┐ nucon ar daigin tuba na hainme do rine fer aidbrida a iarfaigid and, 19 Comm. mas ar aidbriudaib is ar da aidbriud dec ┐ ma ta imdibe baill is ar .u. dec rethis, O'Curry 232 ( H 3.18, 126 ). la set cach aidbriuda ima ruide rus 'a sét for every advertisement for which [his] cheek blushes ' Bretha 40 § 31 .

1 anocht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anocht or dil.ie/3736

 

n m. Orig. n., Thurn., ZCP xvii 290 . fault to be avoided by poets (see Bergin, Ériu xii 220 ): a.¤ ainm coitchend . . . / do lean do gach lanphudair / int a.¤ . . . / cia ralocht dian ruidles, Auraic. 2071 . da a.¤ deg . . . / dlegait a fis na filid, 1970 . dialt n-etarleimi n-oll / icaid da a.¤ aconn, 2102 . cindas aincit anuchtu, 2009 . dingbaid dichnead tri phudra / d'ar n-anochtaib anumla, 2112 . a.¤ mas ainm do cach locht / cid dia n-aidera d'oenlocht?, 2075 . Used for a specific metrical fault (in which a word in one line of a couplet lacks the required rhyme with a word in the other): nocho gabam ar mo gol / on lo nach marand Murc[h]odh—o nach fuil comhardudh a n-aighidh an `lo' ann sin amail ata re `marand' is eadh do-ber in t-a.¤ , IGT Metr. Faults § 6 . trefhocul . . . can anoc[h]t, Auraic. 5062 ( IT iii 126 ) .i. cia locht .i. a nda nocht iarna diriuch don dligiud, 5222 .i. cen nocht and . . . asberat na hugdair: fogonar airchetul i n-a.¤, ut est: torc atchiu argair gabair / fiu Corc no Lorc no Lugaidh— `argair' and cen ni fris cia rodligh co fil nocht and foesin, 5226 . dlighidh aithne ar lochduibh . . . mur atá . . . mac ar muin no anuchd, IGT Introd. 2.29 . Of a gramm. fault: milliud [remi] gach reim n-olc / do ni ainm ni acht a.¤ , Auraic. 2178 .

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch . With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

breth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breth or dil.ie/6758
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brith, -e, breith, breith, -e, breith

ā, f. vn. of beirid. O. Ir. also brith i (with g s. in -e) (?), see GOI § 294 (b) , 727 . Later usually breith (d s. form). breith, f. g s. -e, IGT Decl. § 14 (69.6) . breith, Verbs § 13 . m., Beatha S. F. 1088 ; but breath in the sense `judgement´, Ériu lviii 154 ..

(a) act of carrying, bearing : fer brithe lésboiri gl. acolitum, Wb. 25d3 . asrous iarom a brith they were unable to bring it (a small pig), LU 1743. tōet nech ūaib . . . dia brith to carry it (a vessel of milk), ZCP viii 310.9 . a corp du brid taris syr da adhnacud `his body was borne eastwards over sea', Ann. Inisf. 1260.4 . teachtaire . . . / re breith sgéal `to bring messages', Dán Dé xiv 1 .

(b) act of bearing, bringing forth; parturition, birth : b.¤ et altram , Wb. 10b1 . óg re mbreith cen chuit cleithe, / óg i n-aimsir fírbreithe `a virgin before bearing', Blathm. 639 - 40 . co mbeba dot breith (: chleith) / do mathair, LL 18503. ar thrumme inna brithe, 33190 ( Fraech 107 ). saer bru beiris brith `that brings forth', Laws iii 312.20 Comm. mar mhnaói ag breith = that travaileth, Isaiah xiii 8. re linn beirthe Chríost, Keat. i 46.23 . breith . . . ar Slánuightheora, Donlevy 448.10 . glasgeg darach fo brith `the green branch of an oak in bearing', RC xxiv 196 § 11 (see Cín Chille Cúile 99-100 n. 117 ). deich nuain do breith in aoínḟecht d'aon chaoiridh, AFM iii 608.7 . Med. womb : dortadh fola . . . on breith (= matrix, Vocab.), Rosa Angl. 26.3 . no a muchad na breithe ac mnaim suffocatio hysterica (see Gloss.), 92.3 .

(c) act of carrying away, taking (with one) (opp. of tabart), Frequ. with LA with ref. to logical subject of vn. phr. In physical and abstract senses: mad fíu lib mo ainechsa do breith less, Wb. 14a4 . a b.¤ ┐ a tabairt `its taking and its giving', Laws iv 48.1 Comm. nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a b.¤ leis `durst carry him away', RC xxiv 190.15 . rinn a bhaise do bhreith lais, Dán Dé xv 33 . gorta dom brith, Irish Texts i 35.26 . mórán . . . nach feudfadaois do bhreith leó (= non potestis portare, Joh. xvi 12 ), Eochairsg. 14.17 .

(d) act of carrying off, securing, winning (a game, etc.): breith nó caill na glóire `the gaining . . . of the glory', Donlevy 186.7 . fá bhreith . . . na maithiosa saoghaltha (= gain in Span. text), Desid. 2762. in ferann uile do breith don ingín a dualgus bancomarbais `all the land is obtained by the daughter', Laws iv 40.20 Comm. See díriuch , techtugad. Note also: sdíoma bruit h'eich imtheachduigh / dá breith dhuit re ndonnchorcair you prefer the fringe of your horsecloth to (a) crimson (robe) (?), IGT Decl. ex. 121.

(e) act of carrying off, away (from, etc. with meaning limited by prepp.): inna fecheman .i. do breith neich assom (dobreithnechtassom, MS.) gl. depraedationi . . . creditorum, Ml. 127b1 . mo máthair do brith a cacht to take . . . from bondage, Ériu iv 98.2 . ar iss ed a cert-som a findtid do breith ar fine (Comm.) `to hold their family-land against the fine', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 151 .z . brith in chísa út díbh, RC xxvii 294 § 58. ní inchoisget sidi ní iarna ṁbrith onaib rannaib frisṁbiat `after being taken from the parts of speech', Sg. 202b3 . dot breithsiu úanna `to carry thee off from us', Mon. Tall. 153.27 . nir' āil dōib a thaissi do brid dō ūaithib, ZCP iii 35.9 . cia forúair a mbreith chucca? `who caused them to be brought to her?' Metr. Dinds. iii 386.11 . mo breith co hArdmacha (my body) to be carried to A., Cog. 200.26 . A. . . . dom breth co sid sogar `A. . . . to bear me to gainful peace', Gorm. Aug 29. ba cōru ind eich uccu[t] do breith dond espug, ZCP viii 106.22 . narbo cuman lia muintir si a breith leo do Cill Dara `did not remember to bring it (sc. a flitch of bacon) with them to K.', Thes. ii 339.15 . ind aiccend do brith for antepeneuilt `the bringing . . . on', Sg. 216b1 . iarna breith sech ingru / for dindgnu secht nime, Fél. Ep. 119. da breith for nem to bring it (sc. the soul) to heaven, ACL iii 216.6 . a mbrith i ndoiri `to carry them into slavery', Ml. 33c13 . dod b.¤ i tech péne `to bring thee into the house of pain', Ériu ii 222.7 . dia mbreith in óitith `to bring them (back) into youth', Sg. 63b6 . gá breith a ceann choinghleaca (a horse), IGT Decl. ex. 1187.

With DO, FRI act of referring (to): a brith do israheldaib `its reference to the Israelites', Ml. 36c20 . 36c21 . 37a10 . á brithe do iudaib `of its reference to the Jews', 37a6b . a mbrith fri corpu peccatorum `to refer to etc.', Wb. 13d4 . a brith frisa ndliged remeperthe, 23c11 .

(f) bre(i)th for (ar) act of catching up on, overtaking : drem . . . do breith forro i mB. `came up with them at B.', Ann. Conn. 1260.14 . ticedh sī do breit a mbethaidh orum `let her come if she would find me alive', ZCP vi 99.14 . go bhfanfaidis re sgéala do bhreith ortha for news to reach them, Celt. Rev. x 142.14 . ba geis do flaithibh Temrach eirge ngreine do breith forra alla astigh do shecht múraibh na T., BNnÉ 324 § 39 . iar mbreith do chéd tosach an geimhridh ┐ don oidhche fa da fair `when . . . the beginning of winter . . . has set in', AFM v 1792.16 . oibre . . . ar nach fuil breith uair oile for which no other time can be found, Parrth. Anma 2411. ní fhuil breith air gan díommbuaidh gcatha do bheith ort `there is no avoiding defeat for thee', Keat. iii 936. fa bheith . . . ag breith amuigh ar an Eagluis Romhanaigh censuring (?) the Roman Church (lit. catching out ), Luc. Fid. 2818. ag breith ar láimh ar Dh. taking D. by the hand, Desid. 638.

(g) act of judging, deciding; judgment, legal ruling, interpretation: immess fírían do brith for cach, Ml. 103c15 . bím do bhreith le bior an troighigh / nach reic[h] cion an oinigh orm, IGT Decl. ex. 812. Frequ. in figura etymologica: is ón spirut rouiccius brith, Wb. 9b6 . éitset frisin precept et berat brith fuiri gl. diiudicent, 13a11 . berid cách brith for arele gl. suspiciones malae, 29b9 . ber brith étrunn, Ml. 38c28 . á rí beres bretha, Fél. Ep. 416. ag breith breithe, RC xliii 8 § 2. ergc co C. cor-ruca brith fort, Ériu ii 222.4 . a ghníomh do fhlaith béaraidh breith a prince's deeds shall judge him, DDána 91.9 . Note further: na bretha scribatar and in æpistolis , Wb. 17b2 . am gáeth i mbretaib, LU 10287 (TE). cosnum a breithe o ro-sn-uca `to defend his decision when he has given it', Laws v 252.9 . imtiagad breatha ilbruige, 466.15 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse ┐ screbtra, 452.20 . satharn do brethaib, Críth G. 547. a mbreith údair `in the decision of an author', Leb. Cert. 204.14 . In titles of legal tracts: Breatha Comaithcesa, Laws iv 68 . ZCP xv 315.12 . bretha dein checht, Bretha § 1 . córus breatha neimead, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii, 132a). See neimed. breith le báidh a partial decision, Content. vi 176. do chuir Molaise do bhreith aithrighe air dul i nAlbain `imposed as penance on him', Keat. iii 1358. ruc Ioseph doib . . . / breith cóir foran-aslingthe interpretation , SR 3270.

(h) In phrases: tuc a b.¤ fen do braigdib dó whatever hostages he wished, RC xviii 274.14 (Tig.). asbert Mugain frisin mbancanti dobérad a b.¤ féin di día mbenad, etc. whatever she liked, LU 4223. fuair Ráth bhoth a breath leannáin `R. obtained its chosen love' (in appointment of prelate), Arch. Hib. i 96 § xii . gon ar breith (sic leg.) dhó (gan air a chumas, v.l.), BNnÉ 158 § 11 (see Éigse ix 272 ). ata gach uile ní ar breith (no comas) don tí creitfes = omnia possib[i]lia sunt cre- denti (note f.), ITS xix 44.22 . ná bíodh ar breith a úabhair `let him not be led by pride' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. 219.22. tabhram fad bhreith / . . . / nua na calla `let me put 'neath Thy power', Dán Dé xvi 8 . an maor do bhí ar gach mbaile / tug Brian fa bhreith a dtoile `placed beneath the authority of its folk', Content. v 75. ní nár dhuit dol fár mbreith-ne `to yield to our judgment', vii 16 . Note further: tíachtain tar do breith `to transgress thy judgment', Ériu iv 134.22 .

(i) With various nouns: is fer bret[h]i budi ┐ oirbiri `a man great in thanksgivings and in upbraidings', MacCongl. 87.9 . is cóir buidheachas do bhreith ré Dia `to give thanks to God', Donlevy 6.15 . eolus do breith ann `to find out the way thither', MR 276.14 . breith do roghuin . . . diomoladh na neolghach d'fulang, tar a bheith dorcha air chách preferring , Donlevy xxii 16 . See 1 enech, robud. céim do bhreith tar Chambrens ag cáineadh na n-Éireannach to go a step beyond Cambrensis, Keat. i 40.8 . See léimm. Note further: d'aicsin Dé is ní dom breith buan `to see Him, not to save myself', Dán Dé xxvi 41 .

? b.¤ .i. sith no cain, aprobio a greig, pax uobis a laidin, sith no si[th]cain a gaoidheilg, O'Dav. 323.

Compds. With nouns: a breat[h]aga (: lethḟada) time for judgment, ACL iii 235 § 20. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi, Corm. 7. re bhreithcheirt a breitheamhan ` justice ', MR 102.16 . ar bhéin re breithionnadh (breitindead, breith fionna, v.ll.) mbreath, LMuimhneach 425.293 . cét mbó mbrethlaind `a hundred well-selected cows' ( Corm. Tr. 26 ), Corm. Y 179. ? Cf. búalann. robae ar brethlaind Midi immuig / M. . . ., Rawl. 164b11 . na brethlaind `in his place of judgment' ( Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 30 ), LL 23969. fāeisidi . . . / cona brethlogad as bind confession . . . with Absolution, ACL iii 237 § 24. F. . . . / barr uas brethraind bithbuadaig, LL 15939. báire breath-sholuis gacha bréithre, MR 108.18 .

With adjj.: buaidh mbreatha (inbetha, v.l.) breathadh- bhail, IT iii 57 § 107.10 . firinne bruinnti, bretheamhanda, breth-fhuaslaictheach ` redeeming ', MR 98.18 . ainm bechtglan (breathglan, v.l.), ITS xxxv 94 § 11 .

buinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buinne or dil.ie/7399

 

n io

(a) torrent, flood; stream, current, wave: geinidh buindi asa talmain a gush (of water), BB 266b39 . geisid cuan / ós buindi rúad Rinn dá bharc, Acall. 843. co n-erracht in muir . . . ina mbunnib gelglassa, LL 31803 `waves', TTr. 992. atraachtatar Lagin assa clíabaib amal b.¤ dilend do aillib `like a flood-stream bursting from cliffs', RC xiii 90 § 111. amal tic banni dían dílend a hucht airṡlébi, LL 32777 ( TTr. 1988 ). ? robo bainne do chēill chaimm / badud Nēill Caille hi Calainn, Rawl. 163a25 . dona buinnibh garba `to the . . . rough torrents', CCath. 3928. buinnedha . . . búaidherta na Bóinne `troubled waters', Fianaig. 90.21 . b.¤ síothbhán (River Erne), DDána 66.6 . séis mb.¤ `the note of the stream', Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . a bhuinneadha = torrentes eius, TSh. 6723. b.¤ ceart gaoithe tríthi rush of wind, Measgra D. 48.43 .

Further applications: saobhshruth b.¤ an bháis, DDána 30.25 . b.¤ milis a táobh tolcha `sweet stream gushing from, etc.' (to an archbishop) Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . Of feeling, emotion: ro lingeastair b.¤ rod reachtmhar san rígh-mhileadh `wave of fury', ML 134.12 . Of blood: buinni fola, O'Dav. 272. in b.¤ díriuch dondḟala, LU 6474 (TBC). na srotha fola . . . i n-a mbuinnedhaibh borb-ruadha, ML² 1737. b.¤ chorcra na gcneadh robhras `the . . . wounds' red stream', PBocht 3.26 . Of fire, flames: ina bh.¤ teintighe (of warrior), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1828. b.¤ luath lasrach mire, DDána 80.12 . Med. diarrhœa, flux; pus: b.¤ `corruption flowing from an ulcer', P. O'C. cona buindib brócoti asa īarcómlaid `flux of bragget', MacCongl. 89.18 . Of persons, etc., rapo doss díten ┐ rapa b.¤ bratha . . . leo C. scion, CRR 36. b.¤ mér-gheal, MR 230.4 . bunneda borbba barbardai, LL 32427 `boorish barbarous imps', TTr. 1622. mo bh.¤ bras (praising a horse), Measgra D. 15.28 . b.¤ fuar is tana taobh (a sword), 14.20 . 'na b.¤ . . . crúadha, Duan. F. ii 10 § 33. a bhuinge `youthful Chief' (Christ), Ó Bruad. ii 36.9 .

(b) sprig, sprout, stalk; sapling, etc.: b.¤ (glossed gas) losa `a head of leeks', Rule of Tallaght 3. ceitri buindi ḟir-cainde cacha bairgine `four stalks of . . . garlic', Laws v 40.12 . tópacht . . . cétbunni darach d'oenbéim bun barr, LL 8021 `sapling', TBC-LL² 457 . nós gach bh.¤ dhosaigh dhíbh, DDána 41.25 . bith a mblath ar gach mbuinde ` branch ', BCC 355 (384.22). ceithre tricht (= trichait ?) binni clis hi cechtar a dō dhōit (of Cú Ch.) `four thirties of feat-poles (?)' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 3396. caoin gach b.¤ dhuinn darach ` beam ', Ériu v 62.3 . spout, pipe: buindi óir fuirri thos (meinistir), Trip.² 940 `pipe', Trip. 86.4 `fistula through which the sacramental wine was sucked', Contribb. 291 , cf. Du Cange 1 fistula . Of parts of body tibia: buinde a sliasta `his shinbone', Dinds. 93 ; see also tregabail . Of musical instrument , gl. tibia ` pipe ,' Wb. 12c41 . gl. cicuta, Thes. ii 46.24 , 361.24 . a ngaibther isind buinniu no croit, Wb. 12c44 . See guthbuinde trumpet.

(c) circlet, (arm-)ring, bracelet: b.¤ óir immá moing `a circlet of gold round her hair', RC ix 490.3 (ICM). rat fia lúach mór ṁb. (: chaille, chlainne) `of . . . bracelets', TBC-LL² 2638 . a seacht mbuindi oir ima doid no ma meor, Manners and Customs iii 177 n. 255 . See 1 doé. ba de a bh.¤ níadh ┐ a dhí ḟalaigh `his champion's bracelet', Cóir Anm. 220 (378.17) . buindi niad no bidh ina laimh cacha flatha ind Erend d'or dearg, Leb. Cert. 6.16 .

(d) Of building structure, wattle, wickerwork, etc.: ciumhais, oire, imeal, b.¤ , Eg. Gl. 120. tuargabad a bh.¤ dídin for dhamhliag mor Ard Macha iarná lánegar do ṡlinntech `protecting ridge', ALC i 118.9 . ré briseadh an bh.¤ bheannuighthe .i. ghrás nDé, is cleith cheangail ar charcair an chrábhaidh, TSh. 1470. an b.¤ cúil . . . de phréimh na ríogh (of a chief), O'Rah. 58.12. Of vessel, receptacle: clibanus . . . .i. uassa no būnni (MS), Thes. ii 38.13 . See 1 lann (e). b.¤ bróige ` welt' (of shoe), O'Gr. Cat. 603.6. seól a luingi mar do láisd / do ḟáisg a mbeól b.¤ an béisd rigging (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1228.

In n. loc. Hog. Onom. B. in Beithe

cach, cech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cach, cech or dil.ie/7528
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cach, cech, cach, gach, gech, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cach, cech

pronominal adj. prec. noun each, every, all , unstressed form of cách. See GOI 33 , 310 - 11 . In Wb. and Sg. usually cach. in Ml. cech ( cech, Wb. 1c18 , 2a22 , 3d30 , 4a2 , 5c20 (chech), 6b1 , 21a14 , 33c8 , 34a2 , Sg. 190a3 . cach, Ml. 19c1 , 22b1 , 24c9 , 35b10 , 51d3 , 92d12 , 111a5 etc.). In later lang. gach, see GOI 111 . gech, Celtica iv 28.396 . Not itself lenited ( GOI 141 ), but does not prevent mutation of follg. word. g s f. cacha, cecha (see below) geminates on evidence of later lang., GOI 151 . Follg. nasalization originating in neut. and a s. spreads to other grammatical contexts: amru cach n-ārmaig, SR (Greene) 3770 . ba amru cech n-ail, SR (Greene) 4513 . ba ferr cech ndáil, SR (Greene) 7125 . a mbreath gach nduine, TD 34.9 . gach n-oidhche, DDána 98.3 . See MU² xxxi .

Uninflected in sg. except g s f. cacha, cecha (below); rarely in other cases. g s n. drécht caich ceniúil, Wb. 5c3 . g s f. cecha cathrach, Ml. 53d6 . cecha soinmige, 56b22 . cacha frithare, 111a5 . cacha dúlo, Wb. 13b28 . cacha rainne, Sg. 26b9 . cacha áirme, 198a14 . cache oxile, Thes. ii 255.4 . cacha hairge, Anecd. i 1.9 ( SCano 9 ). cachae tremsi, Mon. Tall. 138.3 . gacha cairbhe, DDána 99.29 . gacha mēide, Fl. Earls 88.16 . a s f. doomlacht . . . ol nais caich mbleguin, AU i 188.8 . Later also cacha, cecha with other genders: cacha fechtais, BDD² 201 . cacha ráithi (sic MS.), Críth G. 179 . cacha lestair, Laws iv 192.9 . cecha carptig, CRR 38.x . cecha huilc, PH 6166 . gacha síodha, Aithd. D. 88.9 . ilimud cecha hairm, Stair Erc. 824 . For usage in class. verse cf. bean gach fhir, bean gacha fir .c. Fiafruigheam focal gach fear . . . .c. . . . gacha, ni .c. na dhíaigh achd táoibhréim úathaidh . . . meallam duine gacha fir, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. anam gach fhir, Dán Dé xxx 4 . do reactha rún gacha fir, Studies 1919, 258 § 19 .

In pl. somet. cacha, cecha, but also cach, cech: cecha dethidnea domundi all worldly cares, Wb. 3d30 . cacha cethri, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . tri (leg. fri ? edd.) cecha oina `towards every one', Ml. 56a20 . cecha soinmech gl. affluentiam rerum omnium, 91c12 . bendacht cecha bordgal (: ordan), Fél. Prol. 275 (leg. cech óen, Stokes Gloss., but see below). cacha leth, ZCP viii 307.26 . hi cacha bésaib `in all usages', Wb. 16a27 . hi cacha persanaib, Sg. 208a11 . Uninflected: sech cech ríga, Ml. 84b1 . ó cach tharmmorcnib `from all endings', Sg. 43a5 . cach iptha ┐ gach éle ┐ gach orthana, TBC-LL¹ 3639 . In follg. appar. with g pl. Note, however, absence of nasalization (see Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. and cf. ciall iollraidh tá a ngach; dá dhearbhadh sin as .c. meallfad iad gach fear, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40. 3 ): for got cech meall do mellaib a dromai, BDD² 351 . fotha . . . cach imforran, RC xxiv 186.11 . go líon gcéad gach córughadh, DDána 74.17 . comhchruinnioghadh . . . gach ainchriosdaidheadh oile, Ó Héodhusa 33.3 .

In later lang. certain prepp. are modified before gach. See la, 1 do, i, tre and cf. leis gach bhfear, TD 9.26 .

I

(a) each, every, all : dognitis cech ndochrud and, Ml. 22a4 . is huaisliu cech duil, 25a1 . ar cech lau gl. in dies, 29a11 . hi cech dú gl. passim, 50c12 . im cech rét ru-n-ecat les, 57b4 . secech talmain, 84a2 (= sech cech). cech ṅdrochscél gl. omnis fabula, 86b3 . a cach duini gl. o homo omnis, Wb. 1c8 . foditiu cech imnid, 1c18 . fo bésad cech dachpreceptoro, 4a2 . do-feich cach n-olcc et mórid cach maith, 6a16 . is diamuin leiss cach thúare, 6b8 . i cach réit ro-hí a less gl. in omnibus bonis, 20c11 . os cech anmimm ainmnigther gl. super omne nomen, 21a14 . cach tenge gl. omnis lingua, 23c20 . cach gutae, Sg. 18a3 . do cach brethir, 161a1 . ciall cech muid, 190a3 . recachthuisiul, 210a8 . ducach belru, Thes. ii 226.23 . da gach bocht, Blathm. 40 . hi cinn cach thíre, ZCP xi 82 § 20 . etir cach salm deni trib cáocad sancte Michaol etc. , Mon. Tall. 130.24 . cech nderg . . . cach nua . . . cech ard everything red, etc., LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). dicerint omne malum .i. cach nolc, ZCP viii 173.20 . cech saer noslēma, 110.29 . cach deisel is dī dacuas, ACL iii 237 § 26 . mar cach ndeiscipal acci, BColm. 56.9 . cluned huaim chech deag-duini, Ériu iii 196 § 16 . fuli cech anmae `the sins of every soul', 96 § 3 . du gach thir, Laws iv 162 n. in cech tīr, ZCP viii 109.4 . geall gach ḟir, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . gach grádh riamh dá radas dise, Timth. viii 1918, 8 § 3 . saidhbir . . . o gech earnuil eisc, RC xlvi 226.7 . gach aimsir do-chuaidh thort, Corp. Astron. 6.6 . For phr. cach díriuch directly see díriuch , dírge.

(b) V. freq. in genitives of time, see bliadain, tan, tráth etc. and día, , GOI 159 .

(c) With uile (on follg. lenition see Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.11 ): do gach uili arm, Stair Erc. 1545 .

(d) For phr. cach aí each of them see 1 aí and cf. di cach di suidib immenetar `of each of them in turn', Ml. 26b20 . cech diib, 72b27 . cach diib, 114c15 . See cách (c).

(e) With follg. cardinal ( gach ┐ gach ré, .l. áireamh uathaidh nó iollraidh na mbéal, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40.2 ): i ngnimaib cech óin, Ml. 56c11 . cech oin, 68a13 . cach oén creitfess hí Christ, Wb. 4d21 . do c[ec]h óin bíth [hí] croi[ch], Tur. 136 . du cech óin dia chlaind, Ml. 133a10 . cech oin huaib, 34a3 . no sasadh cech naon, Blathm. 39 . cech n-ōen ronānaicc a less, ACL iii 2.4 . re cech oin salm, Ml. 2b4 . doaidlibem cech n-oin dliged, 14d5 . du cech oin erbirt biuth gl. ad ussús omnes, 128c2 . hi cech oinalaithe .i. cech dia gl. in dies singulos, 58d3 . nomen saindíles cach oenḟolaid, Sg. 28a16 . cach oinfolaid gl. pro uniuscuiusque rei, 200b4 . as gach éanaird, TD 8.11 . cech da son `two words apiece', Tur. 2 . cach di dúil, Sg. 3b8 . eter cach da asna, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). iter cech dá dorus, BDD² 282 .

(f) With ordinal: gach treas baili, Acall. 1882 . cach nómad n-aidche, BDD² 174 . For phr. cachla every other, etc. see 1 aile, and cf. Zimmer KZ xxx 69 - 71 . Note also: cach ra n-úair . . . in n-úair aile, LU 2166 ( FA 24 ). cach ra fechtas, Rawl. 149b46 . gach dara lá, TSh. 7911 . For rules for use of gach ré in class. verse see Bard. Synt. Tr. 39 - 40 .

(g) With follg. abstr. noun: cach faicsi thiced d'aidchi ra étlaitis lucht a frestail the closer it came to nightfall, LL 268b24 . cech doimne noroisidh an t-adhnacul the deeper the grave reached, ZCP viii 560.22 . gach méad dob' inleighis d'a muinntir, Ériu i 90 § 39 . gach mēide rusmair `all who still lived', Fl. Earls 246.23 . gach fairsingi bias an dorus, is usuidi le dul amach, Rosa Angl. 44.11 . gac fad teit amach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.31 . gach līnmhaireacht aimsire however often, Fl. Earls 48.27 . Cf. gach réidhteach is fearr fhéadfadsa do dhéanamh leo dhéanad é, Maguires of F. 70 .

II

(a) Freq. after negatives, comparatives, and the conjunctions amail, mar in wider sense of all, any, any other : amal as n-esrantaid cech maith `is non-participant in any good', Ml. 31a12 . is duiliu lim cech rét m'anim, 55a4 . is suacbairi[u] indaas cech tír, 62b10 . fri tige cach n-aithech gl. nulla . . . discritio inter Templum tuum et priuata aedes..., 92d15 . as mou cech fortacht `greater than any help', 114b2 . is uaísliu cach ceítbuid córe gl. pax Christi, quae superat omnem sensum, Wb. 24b4 . ni torgaitha i cach caingin gl. ne quis . . . circumueniat in negotio fratrem suum, 25b5 . fisidhiu cech draoi `than any druid', Blathm. 7 . ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill trifling matters, Críth G. 35 . amail cach nduinorcnid `like any other homicide', Mon. Tall. 158.18 . mar cech n-ethait like any bird, LL 12717 . nī faictis cach conair notēigtis, ACL iii 224.35 . sir ní as tana ná gach tonn. IGT Decl. ex. 438 . can tsroin ac cach duine dib `not one of them has a nose', Maund. 175 . mar gach ainmidi `like any . . . beast', Stair Erc. 1909 .

(b) The form cech(a) cacha is freq. with follg. vb. (usually conj. or prot. form). The earliest sense is indef. whoever, whatever, whichever (see GOI 28 , 289 ). As accus. cosmail leiss cacha orr in cara fá æscara `whichever he may slay', Sg. 12b7 . cecha taibre, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20.15 . ní dígbad ní dia uball cacha tomled de whatever he ate of it (all he ate of it ? See below), LU 10021 . cacha imlodmar cose / de bruig B. however much, Metr. Dinds. iii 204.49 . As nom. cech thucai `whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v). ropo toil Dé cecham-theirb `whatever may vex(?) me', Murphy Lyrics 34.24 (cecham teirp, cach am teirb, gachum terb, MSS.); 'may whatever cuts me off/separates me be God's will' Celtica xxiii 36 n. 40 ; 'whatever hinders me be God's will' , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 316 § 24 . nír bo léir isin mballan cacha tuccad ind, Ériu v 116.43 . cech be dhe `whatever may come', Blathm. 108 § 3 . cach be da lin however numerous they be, Anecd. ii 31.20 . cach a raba di mét a thurse tired as he was, LU 9099 ( FB 85 ). cach a bé dim airddi, 9199 ( 92 ). Perh. also in cecip (indef.), see 1 cía B (e).

(c) Later in sense all that, that which (cf. 4 a). As accus. cecha ndernai do fertaib gl. a ndorigēnai, Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). cacha ndénainn `of all I might do', Liad. and Cuir. 24.18 . adfiadatar . . . cechidepirt ind ingen friss, RC xi 442.7 . cacha ro-cesair, PH 1697 . ní áirmhim a leth nō a thrīan / gach a fūaras, ZCP viii 220.8 . cacha finnub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5759 . 'ca cuimnechad do I. cach doronsad, TTebe 3895 . cacha bhfagbhaitis . . . a lamha, Lism. L. 1308 . gach nar ghabh all he captured, DDána 64.7 . gach ar léigis linn, 84.11 . gach a n-abrai-siu, ML² 478 . As nom. cecha marbt[h]ar dīobh 'sa ccath, ZCP viii 116.25 . gach a ccurthar ann, Párl. na mB. 1174 . cach a bfuil acat i tig, ACL iii 222.7 . gach ar mair `all that yet remained', Stair Erc. 2119 .

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch ). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

cléithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cléithe or dil.ie/9421
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: chléthe, cléithe, cleithe, cleithi

n io, n. Later f. (long vowel not guaranteed by rhyme. Cf. 1 cleth, clíath?). n s. cleithi n-ordain iartair domain, AU an. 939 . cleithe n-óc nEmna, LL 2626 (cf. however: Clethe bretha name of a law-tract, Laws i 26.3 Comm. ) a s. a chléthe n-óchtarach, LU 1476 . n pl. cléithe, Críth G. 157 . g pl. fer da cleithe , Laws iv 350.22 . As f. d s. i cleithi áin, LL 29494 . g s. cecha cleithi , LL 400a42 .

(a) roof-tree, ridge-pole : ete iter cach dá ḟíthe ó ṡuidiu co c.¤ , Críth G. 100 . in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi, Corm. Y 275 . is bēsad na cleithe (= g s. of 1 cleth), is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēit[h]e, ibid. (cf. Laws iv 358.13 ) = ina cliad, Thr. Ir. Gl. 10 s.v. clíí. Tech Midchúarda o cléithib co talmandae, LU 7207 ( BDD² 824 ). ró lá [cor n-iach n-erred] de i n-ar[da co ruc] a chléthe n-óchtarach din tig co mboí for cléthiu in tigi aile, LU 1476 ( MU² 953 - 4 ). dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, f. 21 (23)a ). a breth fo clethe; a breth a nuaim into a building(?), Laws ii 128.15 Comm. (`into concealment'). atracht columu tenntide . . . co cleithe na heclaisi, Three Hom. 66.4 . secht stíalla umai ón damdabaich co c.¤ issin tig, TBFr. 76 . gur b' ionsamhail cleithi tre churcais reanna na sleagh tres an slios araill do Chelluch a ridge-pole protruding from a thatch of rushes(?), MR 272.13 . ? cf. fiacla cirí cleth i curghais (a derogatory description), IT iii 101 § 179 . Confused with clí: cli .i. ise a bés na cleithe, is trén ┐ is dírech, ┐ congaib ┐ congaibther . . . adcumuing o cleithiu co lar, Laws iv 358.22 , 23 (cf. also Corm. Y 275 above). ní bfuaramar dhar ttighthibh shoir / acht bun gach cleithe a ttalmhuin, Ériu i 22.108 .

(b) By synecdoche, (dwelling) house: biaid gol gacha cleiti .i. cacha tighe, H 3.18, 553a14 . dixit Pátricius nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip.² 1814 . Cf. YBL 136a27 . co na boi dei do clethe a n-Erinn forsna beth cíos doib, RC xii 62 § 25 . ol cét cech clethi i nHerind, LL 22416 . Cf. 27617 .

(c) More generally building : it hé insin .vii. c.¤ ó ndírenar cach bóaire (ref. to a list of seven buildings, a dwelling-house and six farm-buildings), Críth G. 157 . a ṡrethe tige, a ḟolud, a chléthe, a echṡréin, 432 . co n-innrucus ch.¤ `with a complete set of buildings' (Gloss.), 438 . ? trí dotcaid threbtha: gort salach, iarmur c.¤, tech drithlennach, Triads 65 . ?fer . . . na techta fo tuaith co leir na cleithe who owns no house throughout the territory (?), Laws iv 352.12 (`visibly or invisibly').

(d) As technical term for some kind of tenant or dependent: lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe cona comorbuib techtaib `two cleithe- tenants', Laws iv 350.11 . flaithem oen escra .i. fer aen cleithe, 14 . Cf. senchléithe. do flaith rucu gu-breth for a celi .i. gu-fiadnaise im clethe, v 220.4 Comm.

(e) c.¤ (sg. or pl.) nime, aeóir, etc. the heavens, the firmament; the sky : a cléthib clithnimi, LU 1169 . lotar na suipp ṡesca . . . i cléthib aeóir ┐ firmiminti, TBC-LL¹ 6040 . na fóit . . . curit i cleithe ḟirmimenti, LL 24910 . ba h-urcur a cleithibh nime ┐ ba snam i n-aighid srotha, BB 419b37 . do eirgedh an detach co direch i cleitib in aeoir, Grail 3098 . Without qualifying gen. no rannad bledmila in mara immi . . . súas i n-ardda clethi, LL 12631 . fuath-nell . . . d'ár ceiled in cleithi coithcenn (sic) . . . os a cendaib, MR 240.5 . ? Cf. go ttarla C. fo chleithibh talmhain, TBC-LL¹ p. 561 n.6 (fo lintip an atha, St.).

(f) Other applications. top, crown (of head, more freq. c.¤ cinn or c.¤ cennmullaig): in buinne díriuch dondḟala atracht a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 (TBC). roben Gola i clethi a chind, SR 5871 . cora chomthócbaiset a lonna láith ósa cleithib, LL 32509 ( TTr. 1707 ). imon cathbharr im a cleithi, BB 297a 41 . in mong . . . tria cleithi a ceandmullaich, RC xxiv 196.17 . co ruc clethi a chinn de co n-apad, xxiii 325 § 14 n. Of the tops of trees, woods, mountains, a city: ba cosmail fri cleithe caille cetamain . . . cechtar a da gruad, LL 253a47 (cf. Aen. 1926 and IT iii 186.13 s.v. forcléithe, also forcle). suas gu clethi na crand, BB 497a4 . a bun cleithi na crand, 13 . cleithe na uruachtur sleibhe Erix, CCath. 1382 . sliab nOlimp, isa cenn ┐ isa clethi fil . . . , BB 488b2 . ós cleithi na cathrach, CCath. 1321 . c.¤ .i. uachdar tighe, tulcha no cnuic, O'Cl.

(g) Freq. in Laws Comm. meaning something of considerable value, a matter of importance, high rank(?) (oppd. to , q.v.): mas a seachtar faiche [ro gatait na beich] . . ., gid maigin . . . gid sechtar maigin, gid cutrumus lui gid cutrumus clethe . . . mas a maigin ┐ is cutrumus cleithi is lanenecland. Mas a chutrumus lui, is leitheinecland. Masa seachtar maigin ┐ is cutrumus clethe is leithenecland. Masa cutrumus lui is uii.adh neneclaindi, O'D. 1041 (H.2.15, 25). dá trian diri dula urraidh d'urradh ina dúil; aen trian diri dula deoraidh do deoradh ina dúil, ┐ eneclann do cechtar de fo aicned lui no cleithi according to his lesser or greater standing(?), 1366 (E. 3.5, 24a). rig . . . beires bretha gua, cid im lu, cid im cleithi `whether it be concerning a small thing or a large', Laws i 54.18 Comm. cid bec .i. im lu; cid mor .i. im cleithi, iii 38.y Comm. noco nuil deithbir lui na cleithi im in cumail sin `no difference of major or minor (higher or lower rank)', 110.6 Comm. ma ro gatait seoit uaithib ris in ré sin, eneclann do cechtar de ann fo aicned lai no cleithi `minor or major value' (rank?), 144.15 Comm. corab e in tainmrainde sin da eneclainn bes do co na ferthain ar in rob is cleithi, ┐ a leth ina ferthain ar in rob is lu, 358.y Comm. a nderbḟorgeall clethe for na huaislib . . . a nderbforgeall clethe for islib an affirmation concerning an important matter, 396.6 - 8 Comm. gufiadnaise im clethe, no im forcruidh fognuma im clethe `about a great (matter), or about excess of service in a great (matter)', v 220.4-5 Comm. But cléithe are divided into large and small: ce ro ghata da cleithi o duine, .i. clethe beg ┐ clethe mor, O'Curry 1665 ( 23 Q 6, 23 b ). cemadh mo re hic naithgina in clethi mor na in clethi beg nocha mo re hic smachta na dire na eneclainne e na in clethi bec, 1666 ( 23 Q 6 23 b ). Cf. clethe .i. mor no uasal, O'Dav. 558 .

(h) Fig. perfection, culmination; chief, head : i suthemlacht cech berlai co clethi to (or with?) perfection, LU 661 ( ACC 26 gl . baí sab súithe cec dind). acht na roigh co cleithe `but he does not reach to the top (of scholarship)', Laws iv 356.7 . ceand ┐ cléthi cacha bíd int iasc ár dothomail Issu he, Thr. Ir. Gl. 24 s.v. iasc. cléithi .i. rogha ut est cléithi tech n Erenn, H 3.18, 650b24 . ba cleithi ach don Erind bas meic Erca, Dinds. 114 . cléthe .i. formna, no in t-art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine, ut est co cléthi fine fosaighther cina, O'Dav. 486 . for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide `chiefs' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iv 130.82 . sáifiter slúaig con mae re secht c.¤ slúaig Ulad, LL 11628 (TBC rhet.). clethe Laighen leighnidhe, TFrag. 188.5 . tiagha[ir] gusan gcathraigh, dotaott gussan gclēithe (i.e. to the chief personage in the town), ZCP vii 305.3 . araile fealmac fēigh don Mumhain . . . atnacobrustor mnáoi siú rosiacht clēithe the perfection of his art(?), 304.27 . as go c.¤ tuaithe tiagaid filidh fuigheall fria forus fáth, Ériu xiii 33.31 . Ua Suanaich . . . / Eiríu ard amre . . . / ised a c.¤ clerech, BB 233b35 . imm imthecor do dērce as cend ┐ as cléthe inna huile timna, Otia ii 97 § 31 . is é cléthi ┐ forair in fhorcetail diada in dearc, PH 5789 . mad intii adcobra rosá cléthe foirbthetad `who desires to reach the pitch of perfectness', Ériu vii 154 § 6 . comad ead clethi soethair cech duine, áine ┐ érnaigthi, RC xii 438.1 . combadh si budh cenn ┐ budh cleithe d'eccailsibh Érenn, AFM i 142.x .

con-dírgedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-dírgedar or dil.ie/12073

 

Forms: condírgedar, condírgebadar, cuindrigud

v (dírgid, díriuch , see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 596 ) in Ml. in glosses on compds. of Lat. rego: a condírgedar gl. (ad portas ser- monem) diregens, 46a12 . condírgebadar gl. correcturum, 130c15 . With prep. DO: condírgedar dosuidib `he reproves those . . .' gl. in memores eorum uituperatio dirigitur, 34a23 . See con-dírig. Vn. cuindrigud.

dattae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dattae or dil.ie/14760
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: datta, data, dathta

adj io-iā, datta, data, late MSS also dathta (daththa 23 N 15, 164. 13 , 18th century MS); rhymes with brecnata SR 3933 , dínerta, ib. 2831 , bratta, IT iii 68. 15 , curata, LL 394. 3 , saṁradhta, 23 N 15, 129. 8 , fata, MacCarthy 206. 5 ; LL 129 b 21 ; 157 a 9 . COMP. dattu, rhyming with maccu, LL 142 a 12 ; datta, Laws v 274. 21 .—dattae has the appearance of an adj. deriv. of 1 dath or of a past pc. of dathaid; but apparently the feeling of its connection with dath was early lost, as the marked divergence in meaning shows. For semantic development see Études Celt. xxxv 168 . Apart from the phrase `is dattae lim' (already Wb. 8 a 6 ), it mostly occurs in chevilles and stereotyped phrases, very often, as it seems, introduced to alliterate with a neighbouring noun in d-. It seems mainly a literary word, used by Mid.-Ir. writers in the vague sense of súairc and cáin, by which it is occasionally replaced even in comparatively old MSS (Rawl.).

I Orig. of a fine complexion; then fine, stately, beautiful; noble-, pleasant-looking: data .i. dathaṁail, O'Cl.

(a) of persons, both men and women: dosridnacht Dauid datta: i lámaib Ammonita, SR 6747 . Fithir is Dáríni datta: dí degingin Tuathail tall, LL 138 b 23 . is imda duine data: ┐ cuiri is ciallbrata, IT iii 68. 15 . MacCarthy 122. 12 , 21 . macaom gégach gormroscach:...data dédbán donnbratach, LL 396. 4 . ZCP viii 562. 16 . in toenóclach mórmenmach míleta...síthamail data díriuch , Cog. 170. 22 . ┐ trí chóicid in rand: rucsat fir datta Domnand, LL 127 a 31 . MacCarthy 148. 20 . lenabh...data, Ériu iv 116. 8 . dodíobhuidh don druing data: dfionḟuil an croinn curata, LL 394. 3 . a ṡlóg na nglond fata fír: co Ilín droṅg ṅdatta is deghríg, ib. 157 a 9 . na slúaigh daththa (sic), 23 N 15 p. 164. 13 . gérbo línmar lúthmar data deglámaigh in lucht marbta robai ina ndiadh siuṁ, CCath. 5762 (` nimble ,' Stokes; but there is no support for this meaning, cf. b).

(b) of a fine horse: doléigsiod graifne data donnluatha iona dhíaidh, CRR 74. 6 . From this and similar passages ( CCath. 5762 ) a meaning ` swift, nimble ' has been wrongly concluded; O'R. gives data .i. luath from `old voc. and glosses upon the laws.'

(c) of shape or figure in general: luchair cúiciur...: datta a ndelb dúr a ndebech (sic leg.) LL 34 a 28 (v.l. súairc a ndelb, Rawl. v. Ériu iv 100. 6 ).

(d) of a beautiful handle : dá drol datta derscaigthe dergóir, BB 242 a 24 (descr. of the Ark). of a place or homestead : Fir Domnand...gabsat Irrus datta Domnand, LL 127 a 31 . MacCarthy 148. 16 . fuinn míne na maigh (sic) ndathta, 23 N 15 p. 157. 9 (17th century). i naimsir datta Dúid, LL 144 a 4 (in verse). Cormac cethri deich datta (v.l. data): roḟeith in laech láṁḟata, MacCarthy 206. 5 . robo dhata a náireṁ uili: gach sáirḟer don chuiridh chaeṁ, BB 52 b 22 . Mulling...data nobith ar bith bras: is aca fríth an teolas, Anecd. ii 36 § 20 . — Laws iv 94. 17 as an etymol. gloss on lomdata: .i. gurub data hé (i.e. grán) ┐ hé lom.

II In chevilles (mostly in alliterative poetry): ba dlúim degóir dramm datta, SR 2831 . loscainn riasca réim ndata cuili biasta brecnata, ib. 3933 . ingen Mane Milscoith... datta a lí, LL 137 b 37 . oenbhliadhain déc datta in bladh: iar ndílind .ccc. ṁbliadhan, ib. 127 a 9 . MacCarthy 144. 5 . atbath Oilderg data in daigh: la hOllomain i Temraig, BB 46 b 12 . trí bliadna déc datta in barr: nír bo ḟota do Chrimthand, MacCarthy 210. 5 (LL). ór ḟég Noe...in tír lántorthech: do cech tháib cid bad dattu roḟóid a trí mormaccu, LL 142 a 12 . data mblad, Hy Fiach. 254. 15 .

III is dattae lim:

(a) it pleases me, I like, appreciate: verbum enim crucis pereuntibus quidem stultitia est .i. ní date leu in coimdiu do chrochad ┐ is burbe it does not please them Wb. 8 a 6 . cib tan docarathar damsa ní bus data lium, Laws v 274. 21 . nii pu data (v.l. cáin LB) leo iarum a lécud chucu ar ba fae leo ní bu én comadas inna néill they did not wish to admit him Corm. Bodl. 32. 22 s.v. prull.

(b) amail robo dattae lim as I wished, to my own satisfaction. iar nimchossáit Conaill Cernaig dó (sc. do Bricrinn) iarom amail robo data lais dolléic im budin Conculaind after having to his satisfaction incited C. C. FB § 10 . ó thairnic lais an iomṡuidhe do dhrud...frisin dúnaidh i mbaoi Ó Conchobhair aṁail roba data lais, AFM iv 2124. 11 . celeabhrais dó...iar ndénoṁ a thoscca aṁail roba data lais he took leave of him after he had completed his business to his satisfaction Hugh Roe 52. 17 .—Cf. also AFM v 1576. 3 : ní ro failligheadh la hua Néill anní sin go riacht gusan líon slóigh roba data lais...go ro iadhsat imon teghdhais, &c., he proceeded with the number of forces he thought sufficient.—COMP. niam-dattae, BB 127 b 34 . LL 385 b , c .—Obs.

dech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dech or dil.ie/14869
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: deg, dechu

adj indecl. deg, Wb. 23 a 3 . 31 a 6 (in both cases before the verb as a verbal particle and only slightly accented; deg- as mad-(génatar) and not due to dag, as Thurn. Hdb. 227 suggests). deich, Tig. A.D. 648 . tech with unaspirated d after the cop. as, Ml. 37 d 3 . 73 a 10 .—Old- and Mid.-Ir. sup. of maith good. In Mid.-Ir. gradually superseded by ferr, the constant v.l. of dech in late MSS. Analog. dechu, Alex. 57 (LB). deacha O'R. — dech .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 315 . ACL i 62 no. 115 . O'D. Suppl. death .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 76 (if not = deagh). deach .i. fearr. ba dheach .i. ba fearr, O'Cl. is deich .i. is fearr, H 3.18 p. 530 .—Rhymes with ech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 .—Traced to Gk. δίκαιος: dech graece deceos iustus , O'Mulc. 303 .

A In the sense of the superlative. (1) in apposition to a subst.: Eo Rossa...dech duilib díriuch dronchrand best of creatures Dinds. § 160 . (2) predicatively in principal clauses: is dech a llécud ammain mani ni aithriged it is best to Mon. Tall. 128. 5 . dech dó (viz. do ríg) fosta cen ḟeirg, Tec. Corm. 1. 2 . (3) predicatively in relative clauses. (a) aire échta is deach, Laws ii 152. 1 f.b. ib. 280. 19 . leth is deach the best half, ib. v 78. 9 . ind ḟir as dech i nÉire, FB § 19 . (b) followed by a genitive or its equivalent (di): anastech tíre ised dorat dam, Ml. 37 d 3 . ised as dech na riaglae, Ériu i 193. 1 . anas dech dagóc fer ṅHérenn, TBC-LL¹ 441 . do neoch as dech engnomma bái díb, TBC-LL¹ 1675 Y.— ise læch is dech di ócaib domain, SCC § 13 . in áge is deach don ḟine the best chief of the tribe Laws v 502. 21 . sét is deach díb, ib. 242. 11 . anas dech di ócaib Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 441 . isé is deach díbsin uile, FDG 495 . (c) with do: it is best for . cid as dech do mnáib, ZCP viii 113. 5 . cid is dech do chléirech, LB 260 b 62 . cid is dech do ríg, Tec. Corm. § 1 . ised as dech dó foss occa, Mon. Tall. 159. 6 . (d) with la: deems the best , often = is ferr la prefers: ised insin astech latsu adopair dait, Ml. 73 a 10 . laech bas dech lib do Ultaib, FB § 13 . an robo dech leo dona trí cóictaib ingen, ib. § 54 . isí cethern is dech la ríg Temra, CF 73. 25 . cia lán bá deach lais, FDG 732 YBL (v.l. budh ferr lais). (e) as dech + verb: laech as dech fil la Ultu, FB § 9 . gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé, § 14 . in cúicedach is dech búi i nHérind, TBC-LL¹ 1618 . fáith is d.¤ búi i nÉri, ACL iii 3. 13 . TBC-LL¹ 1104 Y; ib. 1297 . FDG 46 . —Superl. of mad + verb (cf. C): hiress innaní as deg rochreitset hi Críst, Wb. 31 a 6 (positive †madrochreitset). inní is dech reithes uad, Laws iii 294. 3 f.b. cliar Augustín... dech nochartais tredan, Fél. Nov. 16 (v.l. dóig, dáig). Looser is the connection with the verb in the foll. instances: anas dech dorala i Cruachain, TFerbe 384 . rí as dech tánic in ndomon, BDD § 39 . isí oiged (= aided) as deachu dothaed ríg, Alex. 57 . ib. 56 . Frequent in the phrase Fib (amail) as dech + verb just as, exactly as Celtica xiv 1 : fib as deg ropriched, Wb. 23 a 3 . eclais Dé...bíd a cert for leth feib as dech robái, Fél. 4. 10 . feibh as dech atsaitar dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . feib as dech atchuas, LL 147 a 16 . coro ícthar friss feib as dech atberat fir Héirenn, TBC-LL¹ 1613. 1622 . feib as deach rocuṁdaighedh feathal a nÉrinn, AFM ii 1156. 12 .— tucusa cor ┐ coibchi duit amail as dech téit do mnái, TBC-LL¹ 44 . ib. 2041 . donug amail is dech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 . amal is deach rotarclumad cech fled riam, Alex. 54 .

B In the sense of the comparative and followed by oldás, indás: ní rogab Albain ríg is deach oldás Domnall Brecc FDG 455 YBL (v.l. as fearr, Stowe MSS). ní rabatar ceitherna ríg Temrach ní ba deach ina occu side, YBL 325 a 25 . This usage arose through analogy with ferr.

C Oir. dech mad + verb = dech + verb (A e supra), superlative of mad + verb (mad-bocht, mad-búi, mad-génair &c.). This idiom has been concluded from the following instances: caite téchta prímgeine...cach fermac arosloice broind a máthar iar cétmuintir cóir cona coibsenaib réir a nanmcharat dech mo lesaigther eclais, Laws iii 38. 10 (Senchus Már, main text). .i. is deg mo lesaiges in eclais... .i. as dech lesaiges eclais, ib. 38. 22 (Comm.).— Ragallach mac Úatach gaeta dé muin geleich: Muirenn deich morochich (.i. rocaín) Cathal deich modereich, Tig. A.D. 648 (Oir. Poem, disyll. deäc, neët).— is tri ḟír flatha cach tlachta dia nime dech marómnaiter, LL 293 b 18 . Cf. dechmó-fuirmhe fionnsrotha 'bestens sollst du klare Ströme verbreiten', Akten Linz 136 § 1 ( Ériu xiii 35.23 ) The Mid.-Ir. equivalent of mad- is mo- (ma-): mogénair, or mon-: mon- génair, LU 36 b 7 ; BB 479 a 29 ; ní mandernais, LL 268 b 43 . The latter occurs in the Four Masters version of the poem quoted above: M. dechmon ro cich C. dechmon derich AFM i 260. 4 . See GOI § 384 .

adj dech fri best or most distinguished in: na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena, FDG 25 .

dég

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dég or dil.ie/15047

 

Forms: deg

prep. & conj. From di + fiach (cf. Norw. for... skyld), in unaccented position when fiach was yet féch. Cf. dfech, Ardm. 17 b 1 . Mid.-Ir. déig, through the influence of dáig, to which it early gave way.

I Nom. prep. with gen. because of; also in return for. deoigh déigh dáigh .i. ar son nó do bhrígh, O'Cl. donindnagar cech maith dúibsi deg innaní sin, Wb. 103 b 13 . Translating Lat. propter: p. dolositatem .i. dég a mmraithemnachta ón, Ml. 91 c 14 . propter cultus diuini festa .i. arna líthu .i. dég a nermiten féid adi, 47 b 2 (synon. with `ar'). in dígal dumbir fornni dég ár pectha, 88 a 4 . deg, Sg. 201 b 1 . Cf. dfech tinóil, Ardm. 17 b 1 .— níco mbertar (sc. in táin isan gurt) deg an domnaig, ZCP iii 228. 23 .—Mid.-Ir. fo déig, synon. fo bíth, fo dáig: bái comairle la hUltu fo déig Conculainn, LU 121 b 34 . fochen duit fo deig na mná las tánaic, SCC § 20 ( IT i 327 b 2 ; fo bíth LU). fochen duid fo deig cridi do máthar, TBC-LL¹ 532 Y.

II Conj. because . Followed by rel. form of verb: is díriuch a ndechor deg cinte persana, Sg. 197 a 13 ; also, like amail, by non-rel. form: dég is ua guthaigthi intinnscana in fers, Sg. 136 a 1 . deg rochualasom &c. , Lat. Lives 10. 10 = dég, Trip. 56. 23 .—Followed by rel. n-: dég rombou écndairc dó, Sg. 148 a 6 ; but: dég robói in spiurt nóib less, Tur. 100 . dég ba hé ba lughu cin, TTr.² 1807 . Ambiguous: dég rofitir, Trip. 54. 3 . déig rofitir, FB § 3 . —fo déig (negat. `ní'): fo déig ní ragad si acht &c. , TBC-LL¹ 1662 Y. fo deig rolad cach duine di, BB 349 a 15 .

1 deithbire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 deithbire or dil.ie/15291

 

n , f. (1 deithbir) adequate reason, necessity, just cause: slógad fri deithbiri, Tec. Corm. § 1 . atcether a d.¤ let the cause of it be seen, Ériu vii 150 § 20 . cen deithfiri without just cause, 162 § 7 . In Laws justifiable excuse or lawful impediment: cach turbaid (sic leg.) co ndethbire every exemption on ground of necessity, Laws i 268. 8 . athchur a mialtair cen dethbire returning a child badly fostered without necessity (?), ii 162.26 . diriuch cach dethbere, 2.4 . imscar dethbire justifiable separation, v 136.4 Comm. dona cintaibh deithbhire of unavoidable or justifiable infractions of law, iv 246 Comm. ceithre gona duine d.¤ four cases of justifiable homicide, 252.17 .

díainim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díainim or dil.ie/15898
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dianim, denim, diamain

adj i (ainim) spotless, unblemished. In physical and moral sense: dianim gl. immonem, Ml. 112a7 . denim gl. immunis, BCr. 34b4 . fri a cruth ndianim, IT i 69 . set a détgni dianim, ib. osé diriuch diainimm, ZCP iv 40.15 ( TBFr. 222 ). bó . . . dianim, O'Curry 251 ( H 3.18 145b ). cubus direch dianim, Ériu i 138 = diamain, ii 55 . For the phr. díriuch díainim see ? diriud. pn As sobriquet: Echaid Diainim, Trip. 126.17 . As n.pr. f. Dianimh inghen Duibhghiolla, AFM ii 576 . TFrag. 240 . See diamuin.

? díaisc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? díaisc or dil.ie/15911

 

ind diaisc .i. ni husa aisc de, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 183 ( H 3.18 69a ). disgir .i. diaisc, O'Curry 1299 ( H 3.18 539b ) gl. on: díscir cech dona ( Tec. Corm. § 15.17 ). sairmer saimne Setanto | diriuch Dealga diaisce, KZ xxxiii 82 ( BB 378b11 ). Cf. 1 aisc.

dígaind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígaind or dil.ie/16283

 

Forms: díogainn, díoghainn

adj (neg. dí- and gand) not scanty, hence plentiful, copious: dioghainn .i. neamhghann, O'Cl. fér digainn an talman, CCath. 2529 . dochum ind ḟeoir díguind, Lat. Lives 61 ( Trip. 472 ). for feor dighaind in fasaigh, Aen. 286 . a fholt dighoind, B. Fermoy 146a8 . red bharr ndíoghuinn . . . thick locks, TD 2.20 . Raith Dúrlais is dígaind blad abounding in fame, Hy Fiach. 290 . pl. Eire na ndonn-bhrat ndioghuinn, 3 C 1 3, 959.2 . As subst.: do tógbhadh leo . . . díoghain gacha deaghsheasga abundance of the best sedge, ML 74 . do derscnaigedur . . . do feraib in betha i ndigaind (ndigaing, MS) cacha eladna, Ériu viii 20 . In sense lavish (?): an t-enech . . . díghuind derloicctech, Ériu iv 218 (cf. in glac d.¤ , ib. 1.5 ). Dense, compact (of forests, trees, multitudes, etc.): fíodhbhadh . . . díoghainn daigherdha, ML 84 . doire dosach diogainn, AFM vi 1920 . doiredha dlúithe díghainne, Fianaig. 88 . na doiredha dluithi digainni dergruadha do slegaibh, CCath. 5438 . crand remur . . . se diriuch digaind, LB 221a43 . fuaratar crand ndigainn, Moling 34 . bile díghainn doislethan, SG 68 . an dá eó dighainne, Celt. Rev. iv 22 . adais L. tine ndigaind ndrithleannaig a big blazing fire, Lec. 420b24 . Of waves: tógbhaid uisgeadha aigianta . . . 'na ndromannaibh diana díoghainne doieadrána, TSh. 2073 . Of a host: cath . . . dlúth díoghlach díoghain dense, CRR p. 82 . d'eirghiodar 'n-a ndruing ndíoghain, ib. Hence solid, firm, strong (of constructions, buildings, etc.): o tuistin domain dighaind, BB 36b12 . drumchla dígaind dilend in betha firm ridge midst universal deluge (`die feste First [die hervorragt aus] der Weltsündflut', RC vi 93 ), LL 230b8 . do shonnach a dhúin díghainn, SG 121 . dúnaidh díoghainn, AFM vi 2210 . fán ngallráith ndaingin ndíghuinn, O'Gr. Cat. 502 . Cruacha, cathair cloindi Cuind, | isdad Meadba in mur-digaind, Lec. 353a10 . longa . . . leabhairdhíoghuinne, ML 46 . do na ruadhbhordaibh réidhe ro-dhíoghuinne, ib. mo radharc tar sāl sínim | do clār na ndarach ndighainn `from the firm oaken planks' (of the boat), BCC § 201 . tresin nDeirg ndruimnig diogainn (of a shield), MR 152 . aiged Airt in airm diguind, Lec. 364b43 . gach snáithe sligheadh . . . díorgha díoghuinne (of a road), Ériu v 58 . ní dighainn mo gles gēr-oll my sharp-pointed pen is not steady (?), ZCP xiii 8 . Ailill in abra digaind of steady (resolute) brow (?), Lec. 354a29 . ceimdighaind ` firm-stepping ', ZCP vi 285 . ro chinnsiot go céim-dioghainn, AFM v 1670 . Of persons: Diarmait . . . an taoisech dioghain, AFM iii 532 . ba drong dáthius droṅg ṅdígaind | dia mbói comfhlathius for hErind, LL 21a16 . clanna . . . dedla díoghaini Dubhghuill (`austere'), Rel. Celt. ii 260 . P. O'C. gives díogainn ` intent, ardent . . . fierce, stern ', distinct from díoghainn ` plenteous, copious ' (so Dinneen, díogan , and O'R. Poems, díoghann ), but the distinction does not seem to be supported by exx. Cf. double sense of Eng. stout.

1 dírech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dírech or dil.ie/16711

 

x see díriuch .

2 dírech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dírech or dil.ie/16712

 

o, n. vn. of do-rig. act of uncovering, stripping: dírech n-imda[e] the stripping of a bed, Críth G. 229 . dun diriug gl. ad nuditatem, Ml. 28c11 . tocbál in cailich iarna lándiurug, Thes. ii 253.3 (Stowe Miss.). direch .i. nochtad, O'Dav. 591 . d.¤ .i. lomrad, ut est a nd.¤ ┐ sárugud .i. im a sétaib, H 4.22, 62a . a nda nocht iarna diriuch don dligiud, Auraic. 5222 ( LL 37c marg.). d.¤ ndligid, O'Dav. 591 . mad nech . . . nad cumangar do aidbriud nó do díriuch `who cannot be sued or distrained (?)', Ériu ii 208 § 27 (Cáin Domn.).

dírgas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dírgas or dil.ie/16724

 

n m. ( díriuch ) righteousness, uprightness: do gheibh sé beatha diorghas ┐ onóir, Proverbs xxi 21 . treóruigheadh . . . mé asteach i ttalamh an díorguis, Psalms cxliii 10 .

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