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airbertad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbertad or dil.ie/1624
Last Revised: 2019

 

vn. of ar-berta (see airmert): huare nadrucsat diriug orcuin duid iarna erbertad 'because they did not succeed in the slaying of David after the preparation of it', Études Celt. xl 56 ( Ml. 23b5 ). immusbé fadéin . . . a.¤ naiss (Néde to Ferchertne) `an expression of new wisdom', RC xxvi 52 § 284 .

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

creitem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. creitem or dil.ie/12843

 

Forms: creidimh, croidimh, creideamh, croideamh, creideam, creidim, croideam, croidim, creidemain, croidemain, credemuin, croidemuin, creideadh, chreidmhe

ā, f. vn. of creitid. Later also o, m. creidimh croidimh f., IGT Decl. § 150 . creideamh croideamh m., § 101 . creideam creidim croideam croidim, Verbs § 72 . creidemain, croidemain f., IGT Decl. § 10 . credemuin, croidemuin, Verbs § 73 . creideadh, Luc. Fid. 4269 . g s. an chreidmhe (required by metre), Dán Dé vi 5 . Desid. 3648 .

(a) act of believing; act of coming to believe, being converted : sochude do creittim triaprecept, Wb. 1b5 . arranert ahiress dochretim gl. confortatus est in fide, 2d1 . hires creitme iesu christi gl. per fidem solam, 2b8 . 4d4 . cretem dúibsi `your believing', 15a6 ; 5a1 ; 4b28 ; 10a29 ; 12c39 . as doilig do creitiumh, Ériu ii 118 § 55 . sgél bus cóir do chreideamhuin, IGT Verbs ex. 662 .

With obj. gen.: cretem cetheora persann `a belief in four Persons', Tur. 86 . intesamni (leg. innesamni, note) indfirieín dut chreitimsiu `to believe Thee', Ml. 142b2 . dochretim adeachte gl. credentibus in eum, Wb. 2d6 ; 4d27 . trichretim iesu christi , 2b6 ; 13d28 . atomriug . . . / . . . / cretim treodatad `through belief in the threeness', Thes. ii 354.26 . creidem dúle trust in creatures, Imr. Brain 47 . cretem na hesergi, PH 6738 . ar dāigh creidmi in c[h]uirp atchī i.e. that men might believe in the real presence, RC xxxvii 348 § 55 . innus nacharb eitir a creidimain, Fier. 49 .

With follg. noun clause: arnap samlid beith ær creitemni condib sain persan maic de ┐ maic duini linn gl. ut ne quaternitatem faciamus in Trenitate, Tur. 86 . cretem dait linfider dogin horath that thou shouldst believe that etc., Ml. 103a10 . is cretem laisiom nipa menic, Mon. Tall. 148.x . doratsat creidemain gur uo fīr-bríathra, Fl. Earls 128.22 . a chreidiomh . . . go ttiubhradh Dia, Desid. 718 .

With follg. prepp.: is díriug dúib cretem do `to believe in him', Wb. 17b32 . mad ail deit cretim do Christ, PH 2465 . nír fhágoibh / . . . / ach aonmhac dar chóir creideamh `in whom he could place his hopes', O'Hara 1424 . is córa creideamhain do sheanchus Éireann i san nídh seo, Keat. i 44.5 . leabhair . . . da nach coir creideamh do thabhairt, Luc. Fid. 4260 . trichretim inísu faith in Jesus, Wb. 3c2 . 3d19 ; 15a33a ; 19c12 ; 27a2 . ácretem india gl. non est creditus, etc., Ml. 97b2 . ar baí cretim in óenDé oc C., LU 4045 . ba handsu do creidium a mmil mbeannach, Ériu ii 118.y . do chreideamh a Ndía, Acts xvi 34 . do chur cretmi . . . indib, PH 2827 .

(b) belief, faith, (Christian) religion: inchretem gl. fides, Ml. 108c13 . isin cretim gl. in cuius fidem, 113b5 . fo bíth creitme on account of religion, Críth G. 605 . fororbairt in chretem, Fél. Prol. 173 . do siladh bathuis ┐ credme, Laws i 4.16 . a conn na creitme gloine (of Mary), Blathm. 149 . fo déig na fírinni ┐ na cretmi, LU 4096 . brissed in chredim, PH 7815 . creidiomh dóchas ┐ grádh, Parrth. Anma 3157 . on ccreidiomh catholcda, Hugh Roe² 122.9 .

Attrib. g s. is tú m'athair collaide, G. . . . m'athair creidmi `father in the faith', Todd Nenn. 90.11 . aes creidme religious , Laws ii 120.7 Comm. cend creidme cāich, ZCP viii 202.32 . an sechran creidmhe ata ort, BCC 80.6 . fo chuing chreidmhe ┐ crābaidh, Fl. Earls 100.14 .

Of coming of Christianity: ar ba mór in cumachta demnach ria cretim, LU 4035 . cöic rīg trīchat . . . / ō chraitim, Ériu xvii 38 § 1 (see n.). iar ccreideimh in Erinn, Cog. 202.27 . o congabad in insi so co creitium, Laws i 16.12 . Ulaid ria cretim cruiche, Metr. Dinds. iv 154.117 .

(c) credit, credibility, good standing : an síodh gá chara i gcreideamh `being thus assured', PBocht 12.25 . na séala chóir creideamhna `of credibility', A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 24 . ná brégnaigh Flaithrí fuair creideamh, SGS iv 144 § 24 . in t-Ectoir intamlaigtech . . . ar credium (of a leader), Cog. 186.28 . baí hi ccion ┐ hi ccreideamhain . . . ag an mbainrioghain, AFM vi 2088.3 . do chlú ┐ do chreideamhuin, Párl. na mB. 1828 . Prob. also in this sense (as vn.): maithi T.M do creidium do `who was acknowledged by the nobles of T., AU ii 474.26 . a credemain do Mac Uilliam Clainni Ricairt ar sindsirecht, Ann. Conn. 1401.10 .

2 dírech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dírech or dil.ie/16712

 

o, n. vn. of do-rig. act of uncovering, stripping: dírech n-imda[e] the stripping of a bed, Críth G. 229 . dun diriug gl. ad nuditatem, Ml. 28c11 . tocbál in cailich iarna lándiurug, Thes. ii 253.3 (Stowe Miss.). direch .i. nochtad, O'Dav. 591 . d.¤ .i. lomrad, ut est a nd.¤ ┐ sárugud .i. im a sétaib, H 4.22, 62a . a nda nocht iarna diriuch don dligiud, Auraic. 5222 ( LL 37c marg.). d.¤ ndligid, O'Dav. 591 . mad nech . . . nad cumangar do aidbriud nó do díriuch `who cannot be sued or distrained (?)', Ériu ii 208 § 27 (Cáin Domn.).

díriuch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díriuch or dil.ie/16743
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dírech, dírgu, dirgha, dirgi, dírgimem

adj u, later dírech o,ā. See GOI § 192 .

(a) straight, direct: dus in d.¤ m'urchor, TBC-LL¹ 1185 . tuiri tren diriuch do lar, SR 4273 . in sét fodén tan and is dírech he, tan aile is cam, PH 3995 . direach he ó find (leg. ind) co bond erect, RC xvii 150.12 . crand d.¤ digaind, LB 221a42 . co n-arm daighrech direch with a fiery straight weapon, Metr. Dinds. iii 152 ( BB 369b9 ). ní d.¤ nō rēidh, Corm. Y 476 . sēt d.¤ , 434 . a n-agaid gluasachta dirid na cethardula ata gluasacht timcill na firmaminnti, Ir. Astr. Tr. 60.6 . seanchus na Naomh do breith isin raon direach go a mbunadhus, MS. Mat. 552.13 . leanfam ar ar sinnseroib is in líne ndíreach, 556.25 . oighre dírech dleasanach lineal lawful heir, Rel. Celt. ii 166.5 . an éirghe dhíreach dobheir an sagart ar féin, Eochairsg. 53.32 . déan do shlighe díreach im fhiaghnuisi `make straight Thy path before me', Psalms v 8 . gach snáithe shligheadh . . . réidhe díorgha, Ériu v 58.26 . carput . . . co creitt uraird dírig, LL 189a5 . lámha dírgha datháille, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . colptha dirgi, RC xxiv 200 . is cethrachair ind fit[h]chill ┐ it dīrge a tithe, Corm. Y 607 . ro athchuirset da urchur fir-dhirge eturru, MR 254.17 . robtar reidhe dirghe fedha Erenn go sin, Leb. Gab.(i) 136 . na nglúinibh díorgha in their direct generations, Content. v 117 . as d.¤ donfuc Día God hath brought us direct, RC ix 462 .

Compar. cechaing ceim as dírgu (dirgiu, v.l.), Fél. March 20 . As superl. an lin[e] as dirgha dib sin, Ir. Astr. Tr. 128.x .

Adv. turesci . . . d.¤ tescas, Corm. Y 1244 . in fer fodrácaib co claen aitchid fris a facbail co d.¤ , FB 26 . rosined in dethach . . . | co d.¤ triasinn ahér, SR 2150 . an lampa ata a fiadnaisi an adhnuici co dírech right before the Sepulchre, Maund. 70 . scáili . . . bhís co dírech ider an grein ┐ an ré, O'Gr. Cat. 247.22 .

In adv. phrase cach ndíriuch straightly, directly (see GOI § 381 ): suas cach d.¤ , BCr. 18c4 . antúaid cachṅdìruch, 19c1 . dochuirethar . . . certli do Braun tar a gnúis cach n-dírech, Imr. Brain 62 . rogab ac slaide ┐ ic slectad in tslúaig cach nd.¤ , CRR 52 . teit a Temraig gach nd.¤ he goes straight out of T., Ériu iii 150 § 3 . dollotar . . . cech nd.¤ ar cind Throil, TTr.² 1509 . a n-aicen in mhara siar gach nd.¤ directly west, RC xiv 40 § 43 . do dēnomh ar in Spāinn gach ndīrech, Fl. Earls 10.3 . fear dom fhóir gach ndírighse straight away (?), Ó Bruad. ii 110 . Cf. ni fil iar nd.¤ scribind isin scribtuir bali as a tisad, Lec. 73a33 .

beirid díriug carries off, obtains ( GOI 240 ): ni berat diriug gl. delinquent, `they will not succeed', Ml. 54a24 . dugaithfiter .i. ní berat diriug gl. fallentur, 26 . ceniberat diriug , 28 . made huare nach rucsat diriug `vain, because they did not succeed', 54d16 . cen brith diriug (sic leg., doriug, MS.) neich adchobrat, 89b5 . huare nad rucsat diriug orcuin Duid `because they did not succeed in the slaying of David', 23b5 .

(b) straightforward, upright, just, right: is díriug dúib cretem do it is right for you to believe in Him, Wb. 17b32 . acht spiurt diriug `but an upright spirit', Ml. 71d2 . is díriug gl. equum est, 59d8 . is d.¤ a ndechor deg cinte persana right is their difference because they define persons, Sg. 197a13 . d.¤ cach dethbere every necessity is just, Laws ii 2 . cubus direch dianim, Ériu i 138.4 . is and míastair mess d.¤ for cách, ii 194 § 7 . athesc dobais d.¤ dói, ZCP iii 23 . rop d.¤ a forcitul, ACL iii 313 § 11 . is dīriug i mbésaib a dāna, Corm. Y 275 . Iubair dhírech dhil, BLism. 52b2 . do rug . . . breith dhíreach ar Ridire na Comhairle, ITS x 114 . iar ndliged direch, PH 4025 . do indithim in gníma dírig the just deed, 6083 . is dírech briathar an tigerna, 3 B 22, 86a5 . cuimnigh mo thimna .i. beith direach a ngradh do namad, 36a17 . cia an lóchrann soluis acht an mhéin díreach, TSh. 1443 . i n-aghaidh an réasúin dírigh, 3343 . chalender direch firinneach an accurate trustworthy calendar, 3 C 19, 284rb 30 . do bhí mé díreach aige I was perfect with Him, Psalms xviii 23 . an Tighearna . . . noch shaoras an díreach i ccroidhe the upright of heart, vii 10 . neithe ata dothuìgsighe, noch iompoighid an dream neamhfhoghlomtha ón gcéill dhírigh from the straight, direct sense, 2 Peter iii 16 . As sobriquet: Tadc Direach, Lec. 150d22 . do Cholgain mac Domnaill dírig, LL 181b22 . pl. atan dirgi ho chridiu, Ml. 30b2 . etercerta dirge, Tec. Corm. p. 56 n. 34 . bretha dírge, Bruss. 2569, 65b . Adv. is direch tuicther so tre Iob, PH 7696 . rigi firéna dogniat a follamnus co dírech, PH 4066 . legfim so thoruinn oir ni don liaigh go direach is iomchubaid e, 3 C 19, 56rb 36 . Compar. gurab íad is firinnighe dhirghe . . . ar a ffocloibh fon doman, Fl. Earls 92.22 . giodh dirga fodnait san adhbhar gaothmhar detmhor they are more directly serviceable, 3 C 22, 220a23 . Superl. dírgimem gl. aequissima, Ml. 49d5 .

As subst. in dirig gl. recti, Ml. 35a14 .

(c) actual, downright, real: nīrba dír co mbeith gné feōla dirgi fair oca caithem (of consecrated species miraculously changed into flesh and then changed back again), ZCP iii 36.27 . ? eter dā roth rosia digal d.¤ (from Cú Chulaind's `beochobra'), LL 119b37 .

Compds. ¤chenn straight-headed (opposed to cromm): ní mó is bachall ind oenchendach crom oldas in debennach d., D IV 2, 53b2 . ¤menmnach just-minded: díríug[men]mnig gl. anim[a] equiores, Thes. i 498 ( Ardm. 189a2 ). ¤scríbend: ​iar ndíriuch-scríbunn 'according to the literal text', Sex Aet. 95 § 63 . ¤thuillemain: d.¤ gl. rectum perpendiculum, O'Mulc. 745 .

? diriud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? diriud or dil.ie/16744
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj ? = díriug (díriuch), EIF 514 , but see Éigse xii 243 : ordlach innraic ina errbu .i. d.¤ aice .i. ina iriud nó ina fired (of a vessel), O'Dav. 807 . bó og allainn asi d.¤, dianim, O'Curry 251 ( H 3.18 145b ).

do-gaítha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-gaítha or dil.ie/17718
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dogáithaimm, dogaithaim, dogáithim, nímthogaitha, doguidtar, togoaithur, dugaithatar, honuntogaitarni, dogaitha, dungaitha, conintorgáitar, togæthar, dungaitis, dugaithfiter, dogæth, dotoghaothadh, togáes, togáethad

v ā (1 gáeth) Later as simple verb togaéthaid. deceives, dupes, ensnares, beguiles. Indic. pres. 1 s. dogáithaimm gl. illudo, Sg. 24a7 . dogaithaim gl. pellicio, 24a11 . dogáithim, 145a5 . 3 s. nímthogaitha mo chocubus my conscience deceives me not, Wb. 4b27 . Pass. s. bean doguidtar (togoaithur, v.l.) caemda `a woman who is cheated of cohabitation' (?), Laws v 292.22 (but see 2 do-goa). pl. it he sidi dugaithatar gl. qui circumveniuntur, Ml. 31c8 . honuntogaitarni gl. quo circumdamur, 32a6 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arachela nó dogaitha gl. frustretur, Ml. 31a13 . dungaitha gl. (quam) circumscribere (conatur), 28c15 . ba gáeth fri gáis ar ná rottogáitha nech i ngáis lest anyone deceive you, Tec. Corm. § 30.3 . Fut. 3 sg. togaéthfaid sochaide 'he will deceive a multitude', Brislech 17.197​ . Pass. pl. conintorgáitar gl. ut non circumveniamur, Wb. 14d27 . co ná togæthar (rotogæithadar, v.l.) ar ruiscc tre tairmdercaibh dímáinibh, Otia ii 99.27 . Impf. pl. dungaitis gl. circumvenire, Ml. 31c20 . Fut. 3 pl. dugaithfiter .i. ní berat diriug gl. fallentur, Ml. 54a26 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. ba Cormac dogæth , IT iii 202 § 78 . nimthorgaith mo frescissiu gl. non sum frustratione deceptus, Ml. 38a13 . derb rotogaeth t'aslingge (= ro[t]togaeth), SR 3120 . íatsom dosrogáed a mbés, LU 4195 . Pass. s. mar dotoghaothadh thussa lessin mbanrīgain, Fl. Earls 224.1 . acc foraithmhet an rotogaetha[dh] lá bréccthingealltoibh, AFM vi 1998.19 . Part. togaítae. Vn. togáes, togáethad.