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daingen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daingen or dil.ie/14232
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: daighion, daingne, daingean, -in, daingin, daingne, daighean

adj o-ā. Phonet. ní daighen (leg. n-i[m]daighen, RC xxxvii 11 ) BB 298 b 10 . 455 a 20 . OCU p. 111 . daighion, 24 P 33, 289.17 (= Forus Foc. 9 ). Cf. also daigniu, LL i 706 .

I Adj. Firm, fast, strong, solid . Synon. dron, LL 311 b 18 . O'Dav. s.v. dron . Opp. édaingen. Rhyming with caingen, Anecd. i 60 st 86 , with aingel, SR 339 . isin dún d.¤ , Ml. 32 a 16 . a dún d.¤ , Fél. Prol. 130 . serc deodae d.¤ , ib. Epil. 210 . But Ep. 342 : adsluindiu do riched | a nderamrae ndaingen contains prob. the subst. rodruitset clocha in dorais fria chéli corba d.¤ doscáilte hé iarum, LB 236 a 28 . forsin leas ní daighen (leg. n-i[m]daighen, RC xxxvii 11 ) BB 298 b 10 (= MacCarthy 130. 3 ). is aire sin derbus Bernard ... na neithed so do beth daingen certain R.I.A. 3 B 22 . rún daingion a firm purpose Donlevy 282. 1 (see ACL ii 56 ). i dtor dhaingean, TSh. 153. 11 . daingean dlúithiadhta, ib. 187. 15 . táim a nacharan daingion na mbliadhanta, Midnight court 310 . co mbeth se daingin agud, RC xix 26 § 19 . speir na nairdrennach nd.¤ of the fixed stars MS. Mat. 657 . Of the weather: d.¤ in bliadain, Rennes MS 121 a 2 (scribal note). nom. acc. pl.: dá lethansciath lándangni, TBC-LL¹ 3611 . daingne (rhyming with caingne) SG 406. 11 . rochuir cruadh ṡnadhmanna coṁdhaingne dosgaoilte uirre féin, Tor. Dh. Oss. iii 94. 23 . hinat daingen isin corp 'a solid place in the body', Ériu lii 176 § 4.6 (= CIH vi 2060.21 ). ní regat cuirp na hesergi tria churpa dlúthi ┐ tria churpa daingne (.i. tria chlochaib ┐ cranna) non penetrabunt dura et impenetrabilia PH 6745 . sála daingiona, Midnight court 576 . COMP. daingniu: as dánu is d. which is noblest and strongest Fél. May 23 . ba daingne ┐ ba duaibsige deired, MR 216. 20 . ZCP i 396. 9 . ADV. in saer doní in durrthech cu dron...nó cu daingin, Laws v 27 (comment.). rocheangail sé go d.¤ dosgaoilte...é, Tor. Dh. Oss. iii 94 . 23 . tabraid druil iarnaigi forru (viz. na doirrsi) co d.¤ , PH 3875 . cretidh co d.¤ , CCath. 5517 . congaib co daiggen cuimnioch hé, Aisl. Tond. iii . do chreideadh óna chroidhe go d.¤ , Donlevy 12. 22 . da ṁaoidheam go daingion le recaireacht éithig, ZCP v 245. 14 (Cúirt).

II Subst. o, n.

(a) a stronghold, fastness, fortress, defence; a strong thing. Synon. dín, Stowe Gl. 71 . carcair priosún daingean, Eg. Gl. 113 . ara ndénta d.¤ namra leis dia chathraig, Ériu ii 22. 15 . corbo léor do dún ┐ do d.¤ TBC-LL¹ 2641 . daingen ┐ istad caithme conaich, D IV 2, 45 a 1 . 14 . nách fuil d.¤ ná dídean eile agna daoinibh, TSh. 61. 1 . a sg. iar ccur na creiche for daingen, AFM iv 828. 7 . g s. rothócbadar inad cathrach ┐ daingin dóib, Aen. 1545 . d s. ina dangon díthogla, LL 163 a 6 . rogab longphort i nimfogus don d.¤ sin, CCath. 3460 . co ndechaid cách díb dia dangiun, TTr. 2198 . plur. daingne: roptis daingne mo daingne, LL 307 b 31 . fri daigniu demni, 7 a 7 . nocur tairmiscset d.¤ in longphuirt iad, CCath. 3063 . radíleg a déntu ┐ a dindgnai ┐ a degdangni, TTr. 558 . co mbrisfed Ísu do daingne siu, PH 3883 . robris a d., ib. 3901 . daingen do daingnib an domain a strong thing CCath. 5249 . daingnecha: a dhaingnecha, AFM iv 854. 14 . dochuadur ara ndaingneachaibh, AU iii 188. 22 . See also daingnech. LOC.—Daingen Philipstown AFM v 1498. 16 . Daingen Bona Cuilinn, ib. ii 1078. 18 . D.¤ Úi Chúis i cCiarraighe Dingle AFM v 1714. 1 . ib. 1734. 16 .—METAPH. tre dhaingen na luirighi, MR 286. 3 . tuc daingean an chreasa dursglaighi an aladh, ib. rob tú mo dídiu rob tú mo daingen, Ériu ii 89. 15 . an eagluis ... ursa ┐ d.¤ na fírinne, Donlevy x 20 .

(b) enclosure, fence . faithche frisi fuirmidhther daingen ma cuaird, Laws i 268. 19 (cf. ib. 302. 33 : gurab daingen in faithe risi fuirmidhther ai). cuiris scén fo buaib...co riacht cach bó díb a dín ┐ a dangen, RC xiii 114. 2 .

(c) a strong body of troops . dochuatur fo énd.¤ , AU iii 544. 13 .

(d) a bond, compact, covenant, espousal, security . tuc an rí in d.¤ sin dó, ZCP vi 98. 18 . tugadur d.¤ brátharda dá céile, ib. 66. 28 . dá tugtha sa do daingin dam nach fellfaidh form, vi 48. 14 . d.¤ fír. ib. iii 530. 16 . tucadar sluaigh an caistial si a ndaingen ┐ a nerrsnadmann, RC x 186. 5 . tucsat Síl Muireghaigh a ndaingen uile ┐ a lugha na tipridís in tigerntus do neoch aile, ALC i 546. 27 . ni ronaisg lugha na d.¤ fair, Hugh Roe 56 . nách bí d.¤ idir iat féin ┐ Dia, TSh. tar éis daingin do thabhairt eidir Muire ┐ Joséph, Matthew i 18 . —pl. fri daingne demne, Lec. 552 a 18 .

COMPS. daingen-chlassach a moat . rangadar muintir Fedlimid tar dúnchladh ┐ tar d.¤-chlasaighan oilen, AFM iii 286. 11 . daingen-dlúthachad act of closing firmly. daingen-gremach: dód lámha d.-a, CF 205 . dunais ṅa dóide d.-a, ib. 968 . d.¤-tócbaim I raise strongly. d.¤-tuairgim I beat strongly. clár-daingen with strong boards: go ccairpibh clárdhaingne cuṁdaighthe, CRR 76. 29 . clogat c. a strong-cased helmet MR xiv 18 . trebardaingen wise and strong, see CCath. gloss. ind.

MOD. daingean, adj. and subst. (gen. -in, pl. daingin and daingne). Pron. daighean U. and Con.

1 dlúth, dlúith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dlúth, dlúith or dil.ie/17082

 

Forms: dluith, dluthi, dluith, dluidhibh

adj (also occas. with -ŭ-, see Celtica iii 177 ) close, compact, dense: dluith (gl. densus), Ir. Gl. 636 . ont sluag d.¤ gl. denso agmine, Gild. Lor. 39 . cini dlúith lib int oíntu sin though ye do not deem that union close, Wb. 12b9 . dluthi gl. condensa, Ml. 48d18 ; gl. densatas, 120d13 . in talam dluith do indluch, 129d8 . lassa lar ṅdluith continenti solo, 89d18 . cona dlumaib dluthaib, SR 3367 . ni regat cuirp na hesergi tri churpa dluthi dense bodies, PH 6745 . hi corpaib dlútaib ┐ i corpaib tiugaidib bias esergi . . . ní i corpaib sémib mar aer nó gáith substantial, RC xxv 244 . rochumaiscseadar neoill . . . na firmaminti cor-ua dorchatu dluith iter muir ┐ tir, TTebe 1964 . doratsat dorchai dluthi dar Mag nÁi (= tenebras densas), Lat. Lives p. 23 . fidhnemhedh dlúith, CCath. 1766 . do-sn-eim dos dluit[h], Fianaig. 14 . i mmullach croinn dosaigh dhlúith, BS § 61 . na coillti . . . is dluithi ┐ is doimtachta densest and most impenetrable, CF 820 . (Arann) d.¤ a fraigred re fedhaib, SG 102 . cath dlúith daingean do dhéanamh dóibh féin, Keat. iii 4435 . fāl-airbi firdluith Frangc, MR 214 . cor-ba dluithither re cleith . . . in lini sleg, TTebe 2822 . criathar dluith a close (fine-meshed) sieve, PCT 1120 . ionar . . . co cciumhius dluith deghfhighthi, BS § 8 . cochlān caemdlūith, Fianaig. 50 . luiriuch dluith, CCath. 4677 . tucadar dubgona dluithi ar a cheli close together (i.e. numerous, repeated), CF 129 . póga dlúithe, Book of O'Conor Don 273a19 . Close, in proximity (to): leath atōibe (.i. as dluith) co dú . . ., PH 6689 . gér dhlúith dá chéile ar gcumann, DDána 101.44 . an t-allus becc . . . teagmaidh se ona póirib do ueith dlúith closed up, 3 C 22, 19a4 . in sele geal dluith no cnapanach thick, viscous , 3 C 19, 247 ra 11 . Of a sound: as dluithe ┐ as daingne dochluinnteir an guth ann (i.e. the sound is focused in that position), 24 P 3, 183.18 . Fig. nā tuill buide mblāith | fria duine nach dlúith `one who is not steadfast', KMMisc. 274 . gut[h] blāith im deismerecht dluith cogent proof (example ?), ACL iii 306 . ropat dlúthe a nadmann firm, binding , Tec. Corm. § 6.47 . isnaib cānaib dlūthib stringent (?), Corm. Y 48 . With FRI: is dlúith fri Críst mo chaingean `with C. my cause is bound up closely', SG 55 . Compar. feibh is dlúite rotaitset braenghal ferthana, CCath. 1282 . Adv. tuirt mor do maithib Grég ina thimchell co dluith close around him, Alex. 66 . ata [Milan] ar n-a suidhiughadh co comhfhairsing dluith daoinechar ar ferannetc., compactly, Fl. Earls 96 . Repeatedly, assiduously, intently: pōigis hē cu dluith ┐ cu dicrach, Lib. Flav. ii 2 va 50 . co dluith denmnetach ic a tuargain, CCath. 5754 .

As subst. in pl.: a catha, . . . a drobeala, a dlutha, a donala, tight corners, fixes (?), Ériu iv 162 . tuighe rigbaile ic a scuabadh ina dluidhibh deilighthe re gaith in separate masses, CCath. 5896 (perh. d p. of dlúthe).

Compds.

(a) With nouns: ¤buaile: gur hosluiced dorus . . . ar in n-dluthbhuailid close phalanx, Caithr. CC 33.5 . ¤chertugud: ag dingi ┐ ag d. na n-allmurach a ceann a cheili pressing hard, CF 806 . ¤chiall : dlūith-ciall i cáinstarib, ACL iii 218 § 5 . ¤chomrád intimate (eager?) conversation: dlúthcomhradh in churadh . . . ré na giolla, TBC-LL¹ p. 481 . dluthchomhrádh na bhfer, Acall. 235 . ¤chros: a dhlúthchros fa dtú ag tuirrse | tú mhúchfas mo mheadhair-se, DDána 65.2 . ¤ecor dense array: daire dluithegair, Ériu iii 164 . ¤éra a blank refusal , Top. Poems 10 . ¤ḟid: a ndiamair an dluithḟeda, AFM vi 1918 . ¤gluasacht: coill gan crith duille gan dluthgluasacht, Lib. Flav. ii 6 rb 28 . ¤imáin: ag dírgheadh ┐ acc dlúithiomáin a shelbha driving in a dense herd, AFM vi 2198 . ¤mong: d. clustering hair , DDána 99.32 . ¤néll: a mbith ina ndluithne[o]ll . . . isin aer uassaibh, CCath. 5661 . ¤ṡnechta: in cith dluithsnechta ro fear ann, RC xxiii 418 § 32 .

(b) With adjj.: ¤aimréid: fo choilltibh ndosach ndlúithaimhréidh dense and rugged , AFM vi 1912 . ¤barrach: doisiubair dluthbarracha, CCath. 4109 . ¤choem: noí mbaindelba dluthchoema `fair and firm', Metr. Dinds. ii 28 . ¤daingen. adv. ro coirighset co d. immo tigerna, CCath. 5786 . ¤iatta: i gcarcair . . . dúnta dlúith-iatta, TSh. 2710 . ¤maisech: mong donnchas dluthmaisech, BB 427b26 . ¤mer: comrac dluthmhear, CF 484 . ¤niamda: iorradh daingen dlúithniamda ` well-knit, flashing armour ', O'Gr. Cat. 376 . ¤ṡlim: dot chéib dhluithslim, O'Gr. Cat. 411 .

(c) With vbs.: ¤daingnigid: ro dlúthdaingnighit doirsi na cathrach `were closely secured', CCath. 1712 . ¤dingid: ro dluthdingset cach i cend araili `pressed hard', CCath. 3174 . ¤lenaid: mairg dan dluithleanann an daidbreas closely follows , Lib. Flav. ii 5 rb 53 . ¤scaraid: ó dhlúthsgarais mise is mo bhean, Gadelica 257 .

dlúthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dlúthe or dil.ie/17091

 

n , f. (1 dlúth) IGT Abstr. Nouns § 69 . closeness (of units in a mass), density, compactness: huan dluthi fo chosmailius dorche gl. densitate, Ml. 29d12 - 13 . assa dluthi solidity (of the earth), 129d8 . in dluthe ind flechuid, 81c8 . d.¤ chomsuidigtheo closeness of composition, Sg. 203a25 . d.¤ in tinfith donaib consonaib (of the close connexion of the aspiration with the consonant in the sounds, χ, θ, φ), 9a17 . huan dlúithi séim gl. tenui rima, 46a10 . ni dic[h]ead (dichet, v.l.) scuithe ar a dluithe the small cattle cannot pass through (the fence) for its closeness, Laws iv 112 , cf. 76.19 . mun badh dluithe ┐ daingne a n-innill ┐ a n-ordaighthe, AFM v 1646 . o dhlúithi na néll from the density of the clouds, 3 C 19, 256 vb 21 . re sar-dluithi a sleag, MR 190 . dá dhlúithe ┐ dá dhíoghraisighe bhíd dó however close (intimate) . . . they are with him, TSh. 4247 . Of language, condensation, concision: iarnnberlae .i. is aire isberar, ar a duibe in belrae ┐ ar a dorchatae ┐ ar a dluithe (dlúthi , LB) co nāch erasa taisscelad ind, Corm. Y 755 . tri miscena indsci: rigne, dlúithe, dulbaire (.i. ar muin a chéile, gl.), Triads 179 .