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do-róscai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-róscai or dil.ie/18396

Forms: dirósci, diróscai, diroscai, doroscai, duróscai, duroscai, dorósci, dorusci, doróisci, do-d-rósce, doróisce, do-r-róisce, doróscaigi, -derscaigi, derrsgaigi, derscaig, derscigem, diroscat, duróscat, doróscaitis, duroscaitis, doroscea, doroscat, duroscat, du-d-róscat, duro-scainn, dirosced, durosced, du-nd-rosced, doroscaimis, di-t-róscibea, duróscaibea, duroscaifea, duroscibet, duroscaifet, doróscaisset, daroscaigset, doróscichset, doroiscichset, diroscider, diróscaither, doroscaither, doroschither, duroscaibtar, du-n-dan-roscad, derscugud

v (di-ro-uss-scuich-, cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 618 ); later as simple vb. derscaigid, derscnaigid, q.v. Indic. pres. 3 s. dirósci, Ml. 57a1 , Sg. 42b2 , 3 . diróscai, Sg. 42a1 , 40a18 . diroscai, Ml. 133a4 , Sg. 40a17 . doroscai, Ml. 138c12 . duróscai, 114d1 , 115b16 , 134c4 . duroscai, 129b10 . dorósci, TTr.² 216 . dorusci, BB 491b41 . doróisci, TTr.² 1215 . do-d-rósce, 627 , LU 10827 . doróisce, 2467 . do-r-róisce (rel.) Trip. 398.2 . doróscaigi (contam. with prototonic form), TTr.² 1211 , 1213 . -derscaigi, Sg. 40a17 . ní derrsgaigi , IT iii 239.144 . ní derscaig , Alex. 848 , Anecd. v 2.28 . 1 pl. ní derscigem , Wb. 2a14 . 3 pl. diroscat, Ml. 66d12 . duróscat, 69a1 . Impf. 3 pl. doróscaitis, Ml. 136a7 . duroscaitis, 79c6 , 124d2 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. doroscea, Ml. 56a4 . 3 pl. doroscat, 37b14 . duroscat, 69a17 . du-d-róscat, 121a3 . Subj. impf. 1 s. duro-scainn, Ml. 41c6 . 3 s. dirosced, 58d15 . durosced, 129b13 . du-nd-rosced, 33c5 . 1 pl. doroscaimis, 32a21 . Fut. 3 s. di-t-róscibea, Wb. 1d21 . duróscaibea, Ml. 89c12 . duroscaifea, 139b3 . 3 pl. duroscibet, 84b1 . duroscaifet, 84b4 .

Pret. and perf. 3 pl. doróscaisset, Ml. 119d3 . daroscaigset, LL 235a38 . doróscichset, TTr.² 219 . doroiscichset, LL 399b3 .

Pass. pres. s. diroscider, Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). diróscaither, Sg. 42b1 . doroscaither, 43a2 . doroschither, Ml. 107b5 . Fut. pl. duroscaibtar, Ml. 87b4 . Pret. s. du-n-dan-roscad, Ml. 100b4 . Part. 1 derscaigthe. Vn. derscugud.

I Intrans. stands forth, distinguishes oneself, is conspicuous, pre-eminent; absol. or more oft. with prep. DI surpasses; gl. antecedere, Ml. 139b3 ; antestare, 69a1 , 84b4 , 89c12 , 114d1 ; eminere, 32a21 , 37b14 , 41c6 , 66d12 , 79c6 , 115b16 , 18 , 121a3 , 129b13 , 136a7 ; praecellere, Wb. 2a14 ; praeesse, Ml. 129b10 ; praestare, 56a4 , 57a1 , 113a9 , 134c4 , 138c12 . ni derrsgaigi nech hissind airecht none outshines the others, IT iii 239 . ní derscigem nech di alailiu we have no vantage one above another, Wb. 2a14 . ni bi fodord do neoch dib di arali, ar ní derscaig nech dib di araile, Alex. 848 = ni derscaig nech dib araile, Anecd. v 2 . doróscaisset maic Israhel donaib c(h)enelaib cocríchthaib, Ml. 119d3 . diróscai di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, Sg. 40a18 . ni derscaigi dind huiliu cheneul, 40a17 . is do ilib a cheneoil fēn dorróisce, Trip. 398 . dirósci comparit di comparit a comparative surpasses a comparative, Sg. 42b3 . poisit . . . ni derscaigh do ní. Superlait dno ni derscaigther di. Comparait immorro derscaighidh di neoch, derscaigther di the positive does not surpass anything; the superlative is not surpassed; the comparative surpasses something and is surpassed, Auraic. 694 . ata derscughudh di (sc. dind posit) it (the positive degree) can be surpassed, 688 . doróisci ar áni . . . di ócaib in talman, TTr.² 1215 . doróscaigi do láechradaib domain uile ar ánius, 1211 . cathair doróisce do ṡaidbrius ḟer talman, Alex. 414 = dorusci, BB 491b41 . ingen . . . roderscaig do mnaib Érend, LU 3715 ( SCC § 33 ). roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain . . . do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, FB § 1 . atait seacht n-ogha agamsa . . . ┐ ata aen ug and doderscaig dib uile, Aen. 214 . batar sech meic for .xl. la C. Doronad palas righda don mac roderrscaigh dibh, Marco P. 82 (possibly whom he favoured most, cf. II (b) below). asbert nád rabi for fertas in betha cumachta dodrósce de, LU 10827 (confusion of trans. and intrans. construction). With other prepp.: duroscibet . . . sech cech[-a?] ríga, Ml. 84b1 . roderrscaigh C. tar na .u. righuib aile, Marco P. 35 .

II Trans.

(a) surpasses, excels: ditróscibea . . . .i. bid ferr oldái, Wb. 1d21 . doroisce dōine Dubt[h]ach D. surpasses men, RC xx 152 = dorróische, LU 489 ; cf. Auraic. 5388 . desmirecht na deerci doroisce cech ndeeirc, MS. Mat. 614 ( LB 251b35 ). etach doroisce cach netach, Thes. ii 326 ( Hy. iv 10 Comm. ). in Spirut naob doroisce cech spirat, Lism. L. 1776 , cf. PH 3658 ; Anecd. ii 10 . int soilsi doróisce cach soilsi, RC iv 256 = LU 2467 . doróisce int ór cech tinde, PH 7018 .

(b) distinguishes, singles out, gives the preference to: bid amne ind eclas . . . feib dosrora [i]nn int ardrí, | uas cach maig rodasderscaig has exalted it above evey plain, SR 4423 . dia nderscaigind hí dona mnáib aili if I should choose her (i.e. Juno), TTr.² 378 . doroisc Dubthach a chumail dím prefers . . . to me, Lism. L. 1179 . feib radeligetar (amhuil rodearscaighid, Add.) a ndaer . . . de doeraib . . . fer ṅhErend, TBC-LL¹ 422 . an lucht derscaiges nó accobrus na rétta saoghalta seach na rétta nemhdha, RC xxv 392 .