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abar-, amar-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abar-, amar- or dil.ie/46
Last Revised: 2019

pref Only in composition with words meaning dark, etc., perh. merely intensive (see ACL i 397 , Lochlann ii 200 ): abardall .i. abditum et dall, O'Mulc. 7 . amardíne .i. doirche , H 3.18, 245.17 . dorala amardhall aidhche o tert co noin darsin mbith, Ériu ii 140 § 147 . lasaid ind-amardall aidhchi amal chaindil, 114 § 45 . amal mac i tigh amardhall, Ériu ii 120 § 58 . Cf. 2 abra.

brechtnaigthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brechtnaigthe or dil.ie/6648

part. of brechtnaigid: do sciathaiph breachtnaighte cacha datha ` variegated ', CCath. 4950. nat[h]racha co ndathaib brechtnaigib . . . araile derga snakes of various hues, Alex. 708. biada brechtnaigt[h]i varied foods, 1007 . a chathbarr . . . ilbrechtnaigthi `much-variegated', TTebe 588 . edaigi gacha datha etir gorm ┐ corcra . . . ┐ brechtnaighi, Aen. 1915. an lucht robad brechtnaigthi . . . itir olc ┐ maith mixed , Aisl. Tond. 111.7 . Legal: in comorbu na dearb ro-festur —ni fuille forru dall na doirche na brechtnaigthe na inderb disputed (Thurn.), ZCP xiv 366 § 26. brithemh . . . / bethrach bunata / briatrach brechtnaighti, IT iii 56 § 104. beraid breath brechtnaigthi / breitheam in breclaithi, diversified (?), Lec. 171rb32 .

cnaïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnaïd or dil.ie/9709

Forms: cnaídid, cnám, cnaí(ded)

v later cnaídid. IGT Verbs § 42 . gnaws away, consumes, disperses : ro cnaí daíl a choiss, Trip.² 2862 . tart / cnaifes Araind n-ain, Anecd. ii 41.y . cnáifed dia álaig óg n-ell `would have wasted' (of a serpent), Metr. Dinds. ii 62.11 . gerden ros cnái ... / trénfer cech lae dia ndigbail (of Goliath), SR 5787 . nochnaife in muir (of land), Lism. L. 2184 . leath somuine le rath narm ... fo bith no chnoíend meirg é, O'D. 513 ( H 3.17, 417 ). mina ḟaghbhuid ni cnaighid (cnaieat, cnaied, v.ll.) nó loiscid (of fires), CCath. 1696 . dona fiaclaib sin no chnaetís taebu na míled, Alex. 742 = rochnaitis, ZCP xxx 132 . do chnaei lé teas in tarad / nach ragad fuí meas Muman, IGT Verbs ex. 380 . ar gach fonn / do cná an tonn, Rel. Celt. ii 238.26 . cnaiigh in tes `heat resolves', Rosa Angl. 98.8 . do chnaoi an doirche deamhnoidhe (: caoi) `dissolved the demon murk', Arch. Hib. i 92.6 .

Of mental anguish: do cach cheist chialchaid rotchná (: Pedamachá), SR 6975 . rom chnaoi i gceas (of death of noblemen), DDána 79.30 . sna croidhibh do chná (: dtá) which he has afflicted, 23 . ro-d-chnaoí mur othar easlán, KMMisc. 244.24 . Rarely wastes away (intrans.): go gcnaóighid ... ar son a n-éigceirt, Ez. iv 17 . cnaoididh na spirid = spiritus dissolvunt, ZCP xviii 270.16 .

Vn. cnám, cnaí(ded).

dall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dall or dil.ie/14393
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dáll, dald, dall, dull, dall, daill, dalla, daill, dalla, dullu, dulla, dallu, dalla, dailliu, daille, dall, daille

adj o-ā, often dáll, sometimes dald ; dall (: and) LL 52 a 4 f.b . d s. m. dull, dall (dáll), f. daill. n p. m. dalla (adj.), daill (subst.). a p. dalla (adj.) ; dullu, dulla, dallu ( LB 212 a 31 ), dalla (subst.)—COMP. dailliu, mod. daille. For etymology and Gaul. cognates, see Holder 1216 , Stud. Hib. xix 42 .

I (Totally) blind. dall .i. tall a talpa , O'Mulc. 343 . dall a talpa no disell .i. cen tsuile quia est sell .i. suil, Corm. Tr. 58 . haec talpa luch dall, Ir. Gl. 249 . mac dall, IT i 39. 14 , 21 . gur bhen a rusca dé gur roibhe dall, Cóir Anm. 29 . ┐ dall clairínech éisidhe, MacCarthy 408. 8 . innistear go raibe Isáac tré arsaidhacht dall, TSh. 258. 1 . ar mbeith dall dho, ib. 22. 31 ; 255. 12 . ní feas di í féin do bheith dall, ib. 258. 8 . amlaid rogénair side ó máthair ┐ sé dall, PH 2288 (cf. 811 ). guidis...coro ṡlánaiged a mac dall bodar amlabar, ib. 1319 . voc. a hídail daill amlabair cen guth cen lámu cen cossa, ib. 1367 (cf. 1294 ). pl. uair nachdat dee...acht hídail dalla amlabra, ib. 1141 .—cless dond cless dall cless néoin FB 24 (l. 24) ; cf. dall-chless. METAPH. dalla dagairle blind to good advice Tec. Corm. 16 (l. 68) . fégad cechaen uaib nárob dall ┐ narob baccach hé iar mbésaib, PH 4666. 4671 . osa dáll a chride berid diabul leis ina eolas fén he, ib. 7755 . is dall gan radharc me soillsig meólas, Midnight court 812 . Ignorant : dobhí sé dall aineolach i dteangaidh na tíre, Keat. i 42.60 . Unprofitable : gart dall, KMMisc. 174. 18 .

II Dark, gloomy : abardall .i. abditum et dall, O'Mulc. 7 (cf. abra .i. dorcha, O'Dav. 27 ). uch in adaig dorcha dall, Add. 30. 512 , 34 b ( ACL iii 233. 7 ). ifernn...dubh dall, Lib. Flav. ii 51 a 2 . 17 . fot aidche daille dube, LL 193 b 57 . i nEgept daill, SR (Greene) 3951 . daire dall, SR 6355 . ise sin gan diamair daill : domarbh Diarmaid mac Cerbhaill, SG 72. 25 . croithis dóib dairbre ndall, IT i 108. 4 . Cf. dallcheó a thick mist: ní ro ráthaighsiot ní lá dallciach na maidne muiche, AFM vi 1936.24 . ar snaidm a cor | in dallciach do chrích Mumon, Ériu iv 226.10 . buailis an curach dá ḟleisg dhraoidheachta gur ḟág fa dhallchiach é, Each. Iol. 43.16 . METAPH. obscure, difficult to read ; dull (in sound). bíodh a ḟios ag gach aon...gurab í cíall ḟíre na taoibhe daille so don taoibh amuigh don leabhar, ALC i 6 n. deilm dub dall, LL 143 b 28 . is dall erund mani écestar dún doléir, Ériu ii 104 § 14 . is d.¤ erunn a ḟis, 124 § 65 . ib. 122 § 62 . unjustified, false (of a charge) : dall adbur noferai formsa it is a false charge you bring against me RC xiv 243. 15 . Cf. dalltaidbsiu do dóinib, LL 123 a 11 .

III o, m. and ā, f. ( Laws i 124. 22 ). A blind person. hic cecus .a. um. dall, Ir. Gl. 623 . hic cecus dall, ib. 427 . im dingbail mic...di claim di chaich di daill di anbobracht, Laws i 124. 22 ; ib. 140. 5 f.b. buidir ┐ daill durscartad co fis a ndaille ┐ a mbuidre, ib. v 156, n. 5 . dligid dalla dídin ZCP vi 261. 11 f.b. luid dald arachenn Patraic, Trip. 132. 3 . conid don dúll dorala techt sis, IT i 39. 18 . deccra daill, Metr. Dinds. iii 372. 95 ( LL 158 a 48 ). bennachais in dall clarenech co mba slána a da ṡúil, Lat. Lives 86. 3 . nírab dall ic tuus daill, ACL iii 318. 12 (cf. LB 261 a 65 ). dall a cinn daill, Lib. Flav. ii 16 a 1 . 5 f.b. nóṡlánaigedh dulla ┐ claṁa ┐ bacacha, RC xxvii 302 § 76 . an dall, gnioṁa an daill, Eg. 142 p. 170 . isé dorat a rusca don dull, PH 2287 . doralatar dóib dá dhall ar or na sliged, ib. 4409 . atconnarcsa daill ┐ baccaig...do ṡlánugud dó, ib. 2182 . daill buidir ┐ baccaig, ib. 2491 ; cf. 4399 . 4414 . 4592 . roíccais clamu ┐ dallu, ib. 1357 . roairchis Ísu dona dallaib, ib. 4416 ; cf. 2270 . 2296 . 2591 . 4413 . 4532 . 4649 . hícc clam ┐ dall, ib. 1734 . comus ṡIánaigti dall, ib. 2088 . siubhalfaidh aṁail dallaibh, TSh. 255. 14 . amal dallu nád faicet ní, LB 212 a 31 . dáll, ib. 33 .—am dáll ruccad mesi I was born blind PH 2785 , cf. duine dorugadh na dhall, Donlevy 438. 17 . mar doleighis Críost an dall, TSh. 6. 26 .

LOC. Áth Ferta in Daill, Metr. Dinds. iii 308. 63 . rotadhaill...do thigh an filidh Muiredhaigh Lesa an Doill AFM iii 178. 16 .

IV Darkness, obscurity : ni fuille forru dall ná doirche , Laws ii 272. 13 . amail dobur ndubchiach nó amail dall fedha (sic leg.) i foghamhar, CCath. 5666 . doradtsat na naeiṁ...dall ciach ettorra ┐ in slogh, RC xxvii 298. 18 . la dall ciach na camháire, Hugh Roe 62 . amal phupall bís im dall, LL 52 a 51 . Cf. mod. dubh ┐ dall na hoidhche, Dinneen .

MOD. dall, adj. and subst.: tá sé nár bhfágaint dall he is leaving us as wise as we were Seanch. 35 . ba dhall ésin ara ngaedhlainn that man was ignorant of Irish. Compar. daille (pronounced duille).

dírmach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dírmach or dil.ie/16746

adj o,ā (dírma) of the troops, having many troops: álaind cóiciur d.¤ (sic leg.) dron, Ériu iv 100.5 . ingen dóib in dían d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 66 . maic Doirche dírmaig, iii 4.26 . fir ríglaich, co combáid cind | dirmaig forráin for Hérind, 18 . Mac in duinn dirmaig na rend, Fen. 150 . d.¤ .i. díréimnightheach .i. siubhal mór, O'Cl. (cf. dírimm (a)). See also dírmannach.

doirche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doirche or dil.ie/17935

x etc. see dorchae, etc.

1 doraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 doraid or dil.ie/18263

Forms: doirthe

(? do + réid, see GOI p. 104 ).

I As adj. difficult, uneven, rough: doraidh .i. aimhréidh, O'Cl. cid ecen aisndís doneuch as doruid `to explain whatever is difficult', Ml. 14d3 . dliged n-d.¤ `a difficult dictum', Thes. ii 293.21 . hi tucu cheist nd.¤ ndil, 25 . is d.¤ an n-uidi, atā Slīab Fhuaid etruib, TBC-I¹ 377 . is d.¤ inn aircetul, Ériu v 32.5 . ropu doraidh laisna huctaru na nGāidel cinnas noroinnfitis chrao ┐ díbad, Ériu i 214.1 . is fota int immun ┐ is d.¤ , Trip.² 1342 . tar ath ndoraidh n-iomdhomhain, Hugh Roe 24.23 . Of the hand stout, sturdy (?): gabais . . . a gae ina durn d.¤ , LL 34a34 . a chuach na desdurn d.¤ , Ériu iv 100 § 33 . hard, harsh: as doraidh mo dhíol hard is my fate, BS 24.z . secht mblīadna dó i ndeilb d.¤ in hard plight, Fianaig. 46 § 2 .

II As subst. difficulty, trouble: du thabairt d.¤ du glé, Thes. ii 294.4 . cen doraith `ohne Schwierigkeit(en)', Bürgschaft 15 § 51c ; see also 9 § 22 . rí roroén romaib cen meth | cech nd.¤ for cech oenleth, SR 7426 . rofitir . . . a ndo d.¤ tarraid Coin Culaind, LU 9150 ( FB § 39 ). (A prayer for protection) ar dhoraidh ó dhíabul, ZCP x 347 § 3 . dál dia fuair doirthe troubles, vexations , Metr. Dinds. ii 412 ( doirche , v.l.). derbairdeda doirrthi ┐ figrad firuilc, TTebe 2720 (doirrchi, v.l.). ? dorinne C. doraidh maith `C. made good pursuit' (a good fight ?), AU ii 464.3 . difficult or uneven place: dafuarcaib a thré[n]fher dar d.¤ , Trip.² 2042 . cros Críst orm fri gach ndoraidh | iter fán ┐ tulaig, Laud 615, 55 . rí dosfuc for so[i]rthib sláin | a doirthib díthruib dermáir, SR 5073 . arna ragbad Dair conair chuimgi ┐ doirthe na Frigia fair, Alex. 166 (= doirchi, BB).

As n.pr. oróit do D.¤ , Thes. ii 287.31 .

dorchae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorchae or dil.ie/18304
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: doirche, doirchi, d., dorchai, dorcha, dorcha, doirche, dorcha, doirche, dorcha, dorche, dorcha, doirche, Doirche

adj io, iā. Also doirche , n p f. doirchi, SR 63 .

I

(a) dark, gloomy: d.¤ , Sg. 165a marg. inf. Ml. 40c15 . inn-aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . dorchai gl. (nocte) caeca, Thes. ii 31.22 . tem .i. cach ndorchi, Corm. Y 1213 . dobar .i. cach ndorche, 424 . tromcheó doborda dorcha, FB § 36 . tír ndub ndorcha, FA § 21 LB. sruth usci duib dorchai, § 30 . nél dorcha, SR 3967 . i ndiamraib dorchuib, 7576 . il-luc dub dorchu, Fél. March 9 . slog dub dorcha . . . do démnaib, PH 8101 . a n-inada dorcha, Laws v 326.15 Comm. a ndoiribh doirchibh, BS 116.11 . Dia diamair nach dorcha | rī sorcha, ACL iii 221.14 . Compar. dorchu ina dubgémriud, FA § 30 LB. is doirche ná gach doghroinn 'it is grimmer than any affliction', Giolla Brighde 46 § 25 . Of persons in the dark: is dorcha cech oen i n-ecmais ecnai, PH 6861 . ar mo beth dall dorcha i n-uamthig thalman, TTebe 179 . Of colour, complexion, etc.: in dub ind liath | ind odar doirchi datha | nidat soirchi, SR 63 . bra-dorcha dark-browed , LL 266b42 . suile dorcha, 24 P 3, 173.11 . a bhfechuin do bheith aduathmhar dorcha (aspectus horridus obscurusque), 23 K 42, 191.2 . a n-ētaigi do bheith dorcha, Fl. Earls 254.16 . fear doirche , 3 C 13, 571.19 . Emann dorcha (a sobriquet?), AFM v 1280 .

(b) Fig. not clear, obscure: ba dorcha la cách in labra, IT iii 187.1 . is dorcha a fidrad inn airchedail, Ériu v 32.7 . cid dorche sāmad cāich ┐ cid rūndae, Corm. Y 803 . can briathar dorcha nā dochiallach do radha, Lib. Flav. i 21b . eolus dorcha, Eochairsg. 68.30 . is radharc spéucláire dorcha atá aguinn anois, 1 Corinth. xiii 12 . (Women are) doirche gusmara `gloomy' (enigmatic?), Tec. Corm. § 16.39 .

(c) obscure, unknown (?): mor an buaidh do fhior dorcha | sorcha a theist ar ḟedh Eirenn, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 32 . ? ingen druad Dil nar dorcha, Lec. 399a3 .

(d) gloomy, morose (?): adv. do chaithsiod biadh go dorcha dórdánach, PCT 647 .

II As subst. io, n. dorcha doirche m., IGT Decl. § 2 . dorcha doirche , Abstr. Nouns § 5 .

(a) darkness, gloom: ri dorigne sorcha saer | ┐ dorcha, SR 18 . tarblaing dorcha dar cach mag, 7761 . la díth ndorchae dispelling the darkness, Fél. Dec. 25 . forcoemnacar dorcha mór for talmain, PH 3347 . dar dorca na hoidche, 3512 . at dorcha i soillsi, Tec. Corm. § 16.120 (possibly adj.). Oft. pl., esp. in older texts (through influence of Lat. tenebrae?): is Dǽ int soilse amal as nDæ inna dorche , Ml. 140c5 , cf. 54b20 . dond fritobairt fritataibret na dorche don shoilsi, Sg. 183b3 . fo doirchib, SR 7993 . i mbithdorchib, 1748 . in popul dessid i ndorchaib, Trip.² 2 . dodechatar dorchai tar forgnúis in talman, 568 . soillsi cumuscthae a dorchib, Corm. Y 26 . rodallait o dorchuib phecda, PH 3911 . du. uisce Bo N. d'ol eter da dorcha , BB 267a36 = iter da doirche `between two darknesses' (i.e. between dawn and night?), Leb. Cert. 24.6 . mac dorc[h]oi a son of darkness (i.e. of sin), ZCP iii 453 . mac doirche a child begotten clandestinely , Laws v 452.16 .

In concrete sense: trí d.¤ ná dlegat mná do imthecht, Triads 100 . trí dorcha Hérenn: úam Chnogba, etc., 42 . cach fid ┐ cach fásach, cach dorcha ┐ cach diamair, TBC-LL¹ 3531 .

(b) Fig. obscurity, mystery: creic soirche fri doirche .i. creicc gāith fri baeth, ZCP xiii 22.27 . dall na doirche . . . na inderb obscurity (something unproved) (Thurn.), xiv 366 § 26 . fo aicned soirche no doirche of the clearness or obscurity (of a legal case), Laws v 252.19 Comm. ar a doirchi ┐ ar a dot[h]uigsi, Corm. Y 561 . doirche rúin, ML 110.15 . trí dorcha in betha: aithne, ráthaiges, altrom (things of which the issue cannot be foreseen), Triads 249 .

(c) As n.pr. m. Dorche m. Ailgile, Rawl. 160b25 . Usually mythol. or alleg.: Dub ┐ Dobur ┐ Doirche (cup-bearers of the Tuatha De Danann), Lec. 25a40 . gen. maic Doirche , Metr. Dinds. iii 4.26 . Name of a mound at Tara: dá dhumhae . . . Dall ┐ D.¤ , RC xv 282 § 23 . Metr. Dinds. i 18 .

In compds. dorch-, q.v. See also dorchacht (c).

1 drech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 drech or dil.ie/18592

Forms: drecha

n ā, f.

(a) face, countenance: dreach .i. dealbh, O'Cl. drech curad, FB § 46 . duairc, doer . . . a d.¤ , SR 939 . dofich ruithen serci ina dreich, IT i 310.25 . in gelchrecht hi ndreich na cumaile (= in fronte ancillae), Lat. Lives 60 . is dāna d.¤ Doimīne | iter ōcu, Corm. Y 488 . ar cōime a ghnūse, ar sercaide a dreiche, ZCP iii 230.20 . d.¤ fa gili inā gach gruadh, vii 304 § 9 . beith co doichlech . . . millid a delb is a d.¤ , ACL iii 221.22 . soillsi dreiche, doirche rúin, ML 110.15 . dorat sigin croiche ina dreich, PH 2338 . isat cara iar ndreich ┐ deilb, cen co-p ed iar fhír a friend in face and form, 3099 . a druim fria diumsachaib | a dreach fria dedblenaib (of Deity), Lec. 344b38 . a aindir is míne dreach, Oss. vi 6.4 . a thriar brathar as dearg dreach, Atlantis iv 130.34 . a chuirp chriadh as dorcha dreach, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 7 . frons arida . . . .i. in dreach no in aiged tirim, 23 P 10, 2a . pl. drecha dáine, Metr. Dinds. iii 10 . triar . . . nachasella duine-tairesseathar fri an theora drecha éitchi, BDD² 1264 . Dondchad macc Domnaill na nd.¤ looks (?), Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 24 . Note also: ō tarcuib for doman (sic leg.) dreich appeared , ZCP x 47 § 24 (cf. do-fócaib cenn).

(b) Of things, places, face, front; surface: lotar co dreich inn atha (bis zum Angesicht, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1160 . ar comair drechi in dúnaid, TFerbe 85 . fuath fir . . . uas dreich charpait, TBC-I¹ 2524 = as droich, TBC-LL¹ 3322 . dobertis fordorchu dar dreich éscai, CCath. 3942 . dreach na sgiath, 3 C 13, 642.8 . rí rodelb dreich domuin duinn, SR 2637 . im dreich talman, 6510 . do dreich an talman suas co nēllaib nimi, RC xxviii 310 § 1 . for tul dreiche in talman, Laws i 66.5 ; cf. TTr.² 855 , Hugh Roe 314.4 . rolínsat dreich na fairge, TTr.² 858 .

(c) In prep. phrase folld. by gen.: ar (for) dreich in front of: comla . . . ar dreich cach doruis, SR 409 . co mbitis ar d[r]eich Parduis, 1124 = for dreich P., MacCarthy 50.6 . tair-siu . . . form dreich-sea fodéin, LU 3892 ( SCC § 40 ). ar dreath siublaigh `angesichts eines Wanderers', ZCP xiii 227.6 . fo dreich under the eyes (direction, care) of: tabar lett mathi Lochlainne . . . corop fa dreich ríg Lochlainne ecairther in tech, CRR § 12 . mucca Drebrinne fo dreich | ingine Echach Feidlich `under the protection of', (Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . ro ergidar ┐ iadsat . . . fa dreich nDomhnaill, MR 120.4 . rígraid Cera fád dhreich nduind, Hy Fiach. 290.17 . fri dreich in front of, in sight of: fri dreich Adaim, MacCarthy 50.6 . dréchtfaid an dub[t]halam | re dreich na daimt[h]einedh, ZCP viii 212.2 . cath Febal re d.¤ in meic-se, Lec. 597a32 . nochar deis ē le dreich nDē it was not fitting in the sight of God, ZCP vii 304 § 7 . i ndreich = ar d.¤ : titul fil i nd.¤ ind lipuir-si, Hib. Min. 1 .

(d) Hence by synecdoche for the whole person: 'con chnuc, fo scíth crech claidbech, | fríth a d.¤ do dianairlech, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 . guidhim Dia rodealb mo dreach, ZCP ix 486 § 8 . is inmain le Día gach d.¤ , Laud 615, 15 . noemdrech do Gaedelach holy one (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 217 § 2 . a dhreach dhéadla, Gadelica 239.16 .

Hence person (almost = nech): cindas berass Ísu breith | for dreich na derna maith, LL 7488 . gébas Ailech . . . acht dréch rosfoid ní fitir nech coich na cia none save God knows who shall occupy A., 182a21 . Eochocán . . . d.¤ don bunad nár báeth, 141a8 . as gránna an dreach ghréachfas, ML 124.3 . By extens. kind, race: do dílgeand na dreichi duineatai, BB 236a7 . See 3 drech.

Compds.

(a) Common in unstable composition with adjj. -faced, of . . . aspect, appearance . ¤álaind: sochraide chloinne dreach-áille, CRR 82.11 . ¤beo: mac Donnchaidh drechbhi, Todd Nenn. 284 . ¤búan: roscar fri dennmais ndrechbuain her constant beauty of hue, SG ii 473.13 . coic bliadna dec drechbuana, Rawl. 163b35 . ¤dathach: dorais dangni drechdathacha, LL 227a25 . ¤derg: Dairbre d., Metr. Dinds. ii 46 . a meic drechdeirg, TBC-LL¹ 4027 . ¤dess: Mag nG. d. fair of surface (facing south?), Lec. 63b13 . ¤donn: Dauid d., SR 6610 . ¤dub: tar glenntaib drechduba, SG 265.19 . ¤dúaibsech of grim aspect (of troops), MR 222.26 . ¤ḟerda: co n-ilar ndrong ndrechferdha, BB 353b25 . ¤garg, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 . ¤lethan broad-faced , TBC-LL¹ 1715 . ¤mas: duine d.¤ , fair of face, ZCP vi 267 § 3 . domun d., Trip. ii 530.18 ( LL 130b35 ). ¤mór, Metr. Dinds. iii 92.14 . don Dágda dreachmhór, Duan. F. i 35.z . ¤nár: mic Néill N. dreachnāir, Ériu v 86.4 . ¤núi: di ṡleig Dáire deirg d. fresh-faced , Metr. Dinds. iii 134 . ¤réid: re lind Diarmata drechréidh smooth-faced , Ériu ii 168.74 . ¤rúad: Domhnall drechruaidh, Todd Nenn. 282 . in doman drechruadh, BB 7b23 ; Ériu iv 174.10 . ¤ṡlemon: druim nd. smooth-surfaced , Metr. Dinds. ii 46.9 . ¤ṡoillsigthe with illumined countenance, radiant: delbchomartha drechshollsigthi na diadhachta (of the sun), MR 114.8 . ¤ṡolus: buiden drechsolus, TBC-LL¹ 5497 (St.). dā oclach dathāille drechsoillsi, 5457 (St.). cloidhem drechsolus, 5453 (St.). ima arm dét ndrechsolus, TBC-I¹ 1913 .

(b) With subst.: ¤dath complexion: ri drechdathaib na fer cáem, LL 239b16 . ¤ongdás: cona d. . . . fria cend ` face-band (?)', MacCongl. 89.22 .

1 dubach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dubach or dil.ie/18988

adj o,ā (dubae) gloomy, sad, mournful: gl. anxius, Ml. 19a7 , maerens, 118b11 . d.¤ .i. di-subach, Corm. s.v. marbh an ghēis, | dubhach a heóin da hēis, CF 1028 . as dubhach atáim aniugh, O'Gr. Cat. 220 . is d.¤ ar ndegail sad is our parting, BCC § 192 . gé atáit slóig co subach de, | bud brónach [d]ubach doirche , SG 239 . gur bho imshníomhach dúbhach, ML 108 . croidhe dubhach, Proverbs xiv 13 ; 1 Sam. i 8 . tír ṅdorcha ṅdub[ach] ndér ṅdrenn, SR 871 . díthrub d.¤ , Fél. Prol. 98 . saṁ d.¤ a gloomy summer, RC xxvi 46 . bés duine dhubhaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 1089 . dochonnairc . . . inghean ndubhaidh ndoidhealbha, 3 C 12, 357.20 . rapsat dubaig dobbrónaig, TBC-LL¹ 3244 . girbho chomraicthi dā ṡubach . . . sobbrónach . . . rapa (da) scarthain dā nd.¤ ndobbrónach, 3714 . sé co dubhach anḟosaidh ēcainteach, Ériu iii 152 . Cf. also: máthair . . . garbdalb dubadach díbláith, Metr. Dinds. iii 388 . is dubhach liom tu bheith mar chídhim, Oss. vi 6 .

duille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. duille or dil.ie/19115
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: duilne

n Earlier duilne , f. In later lang. m. (TSh., DDána). See O'Rahilly, SGS iii 69 .

(a) leaf; also as collect. foliage: dulle ┐ bláth ┐ mess, LL 156a21 . i n-óenḟecht . . . ḟásas a nd.¤ 's a mbláth, Metr. Dinds. iii 292 . adomchumben a dule | ním-anaicc a fidrube its leaves prick me (of furze), Corm. Y 56 . an tan d'ḟeogh an bile | 'dir ghéag a's d.¤ , Oss. iv 172 . d.¤ feadha, TSh. 3360 . biseach d.¤ re drúcht samhra[i]dh, 3 C 12, 148.17 . comtar lir dulli for fidbaid, RC iii 177.30 . fid cen erchre . . . forsfil duilli co n-órdath, Imr. Brain i 21 . rosétea . . . amal dulli darbri, TFerbe 92 . lia nāt luibi for maigaib | no duili for fidbadaib, SR 936 . ar scāth a féile . . . tucsat duilli na fiche, 1360 = tucsat d.¤ na pailme, MacCarthy 56 . ceitheora duillne fair (of a `dos'), Corm. Y 423 = cetheora d.¤ bit fair, Laws iv 360 Comm. co ndib duillib, ib. do budh breádha a dh.¤ , Dan. iv 12 . do fhuaidheadar duilleadha fíge dhá cheile, Gen. iii 7 . crobuing derg ar duillib corcra | ar choilltibh uaine an fóid mhín, KMMisc. 174 . Freq. in med. texts: duilde sene senna leaf , 3 C 19, 89vb11 . sugh duilli na lili, 42rb3 . deantar aér an tigi dfionnfhuara maille morán duisge ┐ re doille soille sally leaves (?), 3 C 22, 2b10 . Cf. re nenuphar ┐ a gcosmhuile, 3 C 19 , 3va18 . ubhall duilli na darach oakgall , ACL i 327.67 . d.¤ feithe caprifolium, woodbine , RC ix 230 ; ACL i 327 .

(b) Of things resembling leaves: fo duilnib sleg cóicrind cruach blades of spears, LL 7187 ( Hail Brigit 10 ). d.¤ dearg (name of a spear), Acall. 3924 ; cf. duillend. is amlaid rotaisbenad doib-sium he .i. d.¤ oir fair a leaf-shaped brooch (?), Lec. 368a11 . d.¤ óir gold-leaf , 24 P 32, 258.2 . Esp. leaf of a book: scribtar a n-anman i ndulne (ndulind, v.l.), Cáin Ad. § 46 . (with play on double meaning) aluinn d.¤ an liubhair-si | psaltair Chaoimhghin cháidh. | āille d.¤ mh'iubhair-si | i nGlinn Bolcáin báin, BS 140 . d'impód na d.¤ to turn over the leaf (oppd. to lethanach page), MacCongl. 53 . buain d.¤ na ndeich n-aithneadh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 9 . tabhair mar tugadh anoir | crois ó chomharba Peadair | d.¤ doirche gan drud ris a sinister document (of a Papal prohibition) (?), DDána 72.2 .

(c) Fig. co nderna d.¤ siabartha sechránach soghluaiste díob scattered them like leaves, SG 270 . ? triath Oiligh ón uair adbath | ní thug cara nā comthach | buille congnamha fá a ceann | d.¤ urbhadha Eireann, 3 C 12, 319.18 . d.¤ an domain the glory of the world: ag diúl d.¤ dhiombuain an domhain, TSh. 347 . neimh-chion ar dh.¤ an domhain, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 40 . grás M. . . . | ná tréig ar dh.¤ an domhnáin, DDána 22.12 . d.¤ bhetha nach buan seal, Rel. Celt. i 136 . Mac Domhnaill, duille ar gcraoibhe 'the son of Domhnall ... is the foliage of our branch', Giolla Brighde 86 § 19 .

Compd. caill duleglas green-leaved , Fianaig. 10 .

gusmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gusmar or dil.ie/26842

adj (gus) o,ā

(a) vigorous, mighty : bat gusmar im naimtiu, LU 3494 ( SCC 26 ). go dúnadh Oiliolla ... .i. rīgh gusmar gairgbheódha na Gamanraighe, Ériu viii 135.32 . an ben ghusmhar ghledoiligh, v 148.39 . bai triar trebland (.i. gusmar) di feraib Cualand, BDD 43 . dob ē an t-aithiusc gusmhor garg, ZCP viii 223 § 14 . do mhershluag ghusmar ghallda, O'Gr. Cat. 504.22.

(b) violent, stubborn (?) : diumsacha dagdóine, | doirche gusmara (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.39 .

inchlide, inchl(e)ithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inchlide, inchl(e)ithe or dil.ie/28270

Forms: hinchlithe

adj io, iā, part. of ind-cel-. concealed, secret, hidden: mesidechtae inchlide Dáe `of the secret estimation of God,' Ml. 31d8 . arnaib rúnaib inchlidib (MS. inchlid) ┐ diamraib inna deachtae, 66c6 . rí roraid ... | athesc n-inclithi n-imtlaith, SR 5678. iar ndligud nem-aicsidi ┐ inclithi a n-aicnid, LU 2557. do galaraib bunaid, no d'ainmib incleithi secret blemishes, Laws ii 362.11 Comm. cor doirche .i. diupairt, anfis, no ainim inclethe, O'Curry 1992 (< H 4.22, p. 26 ). an almsa incleithi the secret alms, ZCP viii 215.23 . do pecdaib inclithib na ndōine nā tabrat (sic leg.) i cobais, iii 30.12 . tria intledaib inclethib in ... diabuil, PH 5869. Nicodemus cara inclethi do Crist, 59 . do ronsat Goill comairle inchleithe annsin ... do dhioghail a chneadh ar M., AFM iii 276.2 . draoitheacht no cumhachta inchlethi, ITS v 80.9 .

As subst., io, n. a hidden thing, a secret, a mystery: ní fitir idal inna inchlidi `an idol knows not the hidden things,' Ml. 140c10 . la diamair a inchlidi `in the secret place of His mystery,' 53a5 . atchí derrite ┐ inchlethe in menman doenna, PH 5958. ní bhia ort na inchleithe `they will no longer be a mystery for you,' Content. vi 232.

Adv. ro techtsat co hinchlithe intib na dúli, LU 2600. ro chuir Aed ... techta co hinchlethe uad, Ann. Conn. 1310 § 4. do choccar fer Midhe co hincleithe romarbadh, RC xviii 163.27 .

2 loch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 loch or dil.ie/30428
Last Revised: 2013

adj (-ó- ? but see BBCS xxvi 144 n. 10 ) o, ā black, dark: l.¤ .i. dub ┐ doirche , O'Curry 2024 ( H 4.22, 49 ). l.¤ .i. dub, ut dicitur: asoilge laith loch-bronda .i. dub-brondae, cid dorche sāmad cāich ┐ cīd rūndae riam ┐ īarom, docruide a rūna laith d'ól, Corm. Y 803 = l.¤ [.i.] dub unde dicitur asoilgi laith lochrúna .i. dubrúna, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 26 . a lucht locha na a lucht dub gl. [anacht Noe a] luchtlach, Thes. ii 302.15 ( Hy. i Comm .). loch [.i.] dorcha, BColm. 10.4 . mucogam in so . . . liath (l), l.¤ (f), cron (s), Auraic. 5669 . lóch .i. dubh, O'Cl.

As subst. ā, f. g s. cetdoth loichi (t), cetoth cron (c), cetoth forglaisi (q) of a black sow, Auraic. 5671 . saīthech fo chrōin clū co mboil / dodaing fo lōich lucht as-mbir `ein Störriges unter dem schwarzen', ZCP xvii 301.29 .

The follg. may be compds. of this wd.: ¤bríga: diúchtra a terbaig andregoin / ar dotáet do lochbriga / eter argaib erritib, LU 3527 ( SCC 28 , rhet.), glossed: .i. do laechbriga (`lóchbríga(?),' Dillon, SCC² Vocab .). ¤náma: is torc tren hi fothugud / traithaid nerta lochnamat, LU 8894 ( FB 68 , rhet.). bat neirt ar do lochnamtib, LU 10423 (Tochm. Em., rhet.). co niurt for do lochtnamtib (leg. lochnamtib), 6330 (TBC rhet., H).

1 mac, macc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mac, macc or dil.ie/31166
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: macc, mac, maicc, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, meic, meic, mic, macc, maic, maic, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, maccu, macu, macca, macc, maccu, macu, mhaca, mac, maccu, mic, Macniadh, Mág, Méig

n o, m., Generally written in MSS. with contraction m̅c̅ in all forms; when written out, the double consonant is usual in O.Ir., but it is sometimes written single when final, rarely when medial. n s. macc, Wb. 1d9 , 6d6 , 13b29 , 13d10 , Ml. 25b5 . mac, Wb. 13d11 , 32c15 . g s. maicc, Wb. 13b30 , Ml. 17c3 , 7 ; meicc, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 863 , 913 (usual O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. form). meic, Laws ii 162.13 , TBC-LL¹ 847. mec, IT i 107.2 (H.). mic (later Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir.); in IGT Dec. ex. 702 `mic' is said to be incorrect, the correct form being `meic'. v s. a meic! Acall. 2933. a mic!, SCC 26 , 29 . n du. da macc , Wb. 4c12 , Ml. 26b14 . n p. (O. and early Mid.Ir.) maicc, Wb. 4c6 , 9a13 . maic, 21b2 , 30b14 . in maic , BDD 9. meicc, Hy. ii 37 ; TBC-LL¹ 6198. meic, 1372 . mec, PH 3770 , 5595 , etc. tri mic , IT i 121.1 (= maic LU); Laws ii 66.15 . Mod. mic. a p. maccu, Wb. 11a30 , 19c15 , 33a15 , Ml. 33c16 ; Hy. i 29. macu, Laws iii 398.7 . macca, Hib. Min. 4.118 . g p. macc, Wb. 23a9 ; Ml. 34c7 . v p. a maccu ! TBC-LL¹ 906. a macu ! ZCP xi 44 § 60. a mhaca ! ib. § 54 . mac, IGT Dec. § 15.

I A son: in Glosses = Lat. filius. gl. filius, Ir. Gl. 407 , natus 408 .

(a) in strict sense: amal ṅguidess athir a macc, Wb. 24d19 . adim-maicc mihi et am athir-se uobis ye are sons, 9a13 . athair ┐ mac ┐ ua, Laws i 238.8 . batar oc Saul mac Ciss . . . cethri meic . . . tri ingena, SR 6517. macc int ṡaír son of the wright, Fél. Aug. 14. ro tuisim Noi tri maccu, MacCarthy 286b . teora meic ag Noi, ib. ná caoin inghean, ná caoin mac, Keat. Poems 599. mac athar do Mag Uidhir M.'s half-brother on the father's side, AFM iv 966.13 . mac mathar som do Chiaran uterine brother, ZCP viii 315.4 . mac sethar a sister's son, TBC-I¹ 530. nochon ḟidir mac duine no son of man (i.e. no mortal), ZCP vii 303 § 9. ni muirbithir m.¤ mna lium, PH 400. trí fichid míle mac máthar mother's sons (i.e. men), Hackett xl 112 . Preced. by adj.: ardmac rig, ro-mac Nesa, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28.13 = Laws iv 346. degmac Domnaill, SR 2376. drochmac Iesse, 6138 . Abel mormac Adaim, Mart. Don. 22. ríg-mac, ACC § 111. Esp. used in apposition to npr.m., folld. by gen. of father's name: co Duid m.¤ nIesse, SR 2318. rigdal itir Donnchad m.¤ nDomnaill ┐ Fiachnae m.¤ nAedho, AU 783. Rarely with mother's name: Conchobar m.¤ Nessa, Fergus m.¤ Róich, Ailill m.¤ Mata, Muirchertach m.¤ Erca. Folld. by DO instead of gen.: Ailill mac mic d'Ollomain, MacCarthy 168.8 . Othalinus . . . ba m.¤ don Otha hermor, SR 2366.

In relig. lit. of Christ, the Son (as distinct from the Father), oftenabsol. and without art.: m.¤ ¤ na deachte, Wb. 32c15 . is macc míastar in die iudici it is the Son who will judge, 1d9 . asberat . . . as laigiu deacht maicc indaas deacht athar, Ml. 17c7 , cf. 24d23 . i n-oentaid na trinoti, athar ┐ meic ┐ spiruta noim, PH 1445. Also called mac Maire, Hy. i 1. SR 8145. m.¤ na hOge ebraide, 8277 . m.¤ in duine the Son of man, PH 2272 , 3070 , 3157 . m.¤ duine, 5041 .

Folld. by a gen. or adj. in various semi-technical and legal expressions: atait tri mic beoathar la Fene .i. mac huar ┐ m.¤ De ┐ m.¤ ailte, ZCP xiii 23.10 . mac De, mac som bis i tesgaire a athar ina timaircnib techtaib; co na comidethar cos nā lam, ib. 16 . m.¤ cétmuintire son of a spouse, legitimate son : atáit .ii. ara-randat orba fri mac cētmuinntire, CIH v 1547.6 . mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . is dīles do mac na cētmuinntiri in cinniu[d]-sin, CIH v 1547.26 . mac cope .i. donither re mac caille (leg. maccaillig?) son of a nun (?), O'Dav. 415. m.¤ doirche (.i. in m.¤ donither i ndorcaidetu) a son begotten in secrecy (?), Laws v 452.16 . m.¤ foesma `son of protection' (an adoptive son), see fóesam. m.¤ gor a son who supports his father, Laws iii 56.20 , opp. to m.¤ ingor, ib. 30 . See also 2 gor. m.¤ muini a bastard , see 1 muine. mic mhuinntire (= filii familias), TSh. 5120. m.¤ óg a celibate : Mel Bre(n)ind Ua Ronain, ardepscop iarthar Herend, in mc. og 'eminent bishop of the west of Ireland, the celibate', AI 296 (s.a. 1161.4) . mc. og ┐ uasalshacart 'a celibate and noble priest', AI 324 (s.a. 1197.5) . See also m.¤ óige s.v. III (b). m.¤ óige = m.¤ cétmuintire: mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . mac óigh trā is ē-side fo-coisle orba .i. foxlas seilb .... mac óighe .i. cētmuindter, CIH v 1547.3 . m.¤ sanaise a son not acknowledged by his father, opp. to m.¤ súla an acknowledged son, see Laws iii 542.7 , O'Dav. 1044 , 1245 . m.¤ scrīne .i. m.¤ so rinne re coibdelaig ina richt fein a son begotten in incest (?), H 3.18, 227a ( O'Curry 413 ). m.¤ soirche a legitimate or acknowledged son (?), O'Dav. 95.

Rarely of the young of animals: macc bó a bullock , CRR 4. damh . . . .i. m.¤ bó, BNnÉ 122 § 61.

In compos. with ban-, a daughter: feadair ferinnsce for baninnsce intan asberar: is e in banmhac sa, Auraic. 531.

(b) in looser sense a male descendant; esp. in pl. folld. by gen. of ancestor to denote a tribe or people (not a native usage, the words maicne, maccu and being used by Irish tribes): ar maccaib Israhel, Wb. 11a28 . soirad mac nIsrahel, Ml. 53d1 . meic Israhel, SR 5475. fri claind mac nIsrahél, 3710 . ic maccaib Israel, PH 5071. meicc Emir meicc Erimon, Hy. ii 37. Cf. also: Iohain már macc ṅErenn of Erin's sons, Fél. Sept. 26. eter gelmaccaib Gaedel, Ériu iv 96 § 7 ( LL 33b45 ). m.¤ Goill (i.e. one of English descent), AU iii 506.

II A boy and sometimes loosely a young person in general: sainreth do maccaib a pélogud particular to boys (gl. puerorum), Sg. 45b6 . i tabairt mic for muin i tech carrying a boy, Laws i 174.32 . urcor flescaig is eside macc bundsaighe (.i. mac diubraices in mbunsaig), iv 134.16 , 140.1 . biit tri choecaid macc and oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 368. maic becca doairchellat cethra, Ériu ii 206 § 26. do fhuil mac mbec, PH 382. cen mna cen maccu not counting women or children, SR 4031. ra batar mnaa ┐ meicc ┐ mindoene ac coíniud, TBC-LL¹ 6198. cu ra ainitis uli feraib maccaib mnaib, PH 6309. idir mhaca mnaoi is fir, Keat. Poems 614. eter maccaib beccaib (alluding to girls), IT i 131.26 . Occasionally of youths or grown persons: ruri anacht tri maccu a surnn tened (i.e. the three Holy Children). Hy. i. 29 , cf. Fél. Ap. 28 , Ep. 507. rí roshicc . . . forsin tsét na dá mac dall, SR 7682. atchondairc-si . . . cruth ┐ comdelb . . . cech meic ┐ cach miled, LL 221a7 . cethrur ingen Dubthaig dil, | cethri maic dóibsium demnig (i.e. lovers), Metr. Dinds. iii 72.

III Folld. by gen. in various fig. and technical expressions:

(a) denoting calling or function: m.¤ eclaise ` son of (the) church', a churchman, cleric: oen m.¤ [ec]ulsa forarsaidh . . . ic cantain a urnuighthe, RC xiv 58 § 72. tri maic ecalsa do muintir na cleirech, Acall. 2888. co tri cetaib sacart ┐ co tri milibh mac n-ecalsa, AU ii 86.2 . clier ┐ meic eguilsi in baile, Fl. Earls 34.24 . AFM vi 1924.22 . m.¤ foglama a student: felmac . . . .i. m.¤ foghlamæ, O'Mulc. 512. oráit annso dona macaib fogluma, Ériu ii 224.11 . m.¤ léginn a (clerical) student , O'Mulc. 688. m.¤ legind, Lat. Lives 82 (= scolaige ib.). i(c) macc leginn i nArdmacha, RC xx 176. Possibly also the expression m.¤ airbe (name for a `macfuirmid'?), see Laws iv 360.6 and muc(c)airbe below.

(b) fig. and alleg.: ce notad maic-si raith sons of grace , Wb. 33b8 . maicc tairngiri sons of (the) promise , 4c6 . guide cech maicc lére `of every son of piety', Fél. Ep. 428. macc umalóti ┐ erlatad buide do Dia, PH 4204. mac aptha = mac báis: bát úaiti meic aptha (mic bháis, v.l.) na cille so 'the lost souls of your cemetery shall be few', Beatha Bharra 64.128 . m.¤ báis `a son of death', a wicked man , opp. to m.¤ bethad `a son of life', a righteous man (often of a professed religious) : tairbirid illatu pían n-ecsamail dona maccaib bais, FA 1. eccraibdech ┐ macc báis, Trip. 220.15 . a meic in báis!, PH 2426. m.¤ bethad, Trip. 84.20 ( .i. cin pecath, ACL iii 37 ). sochuidhi do macuibh bethad, etir apstala ┐ desciplu, Lism. L. 3938. tigherna . . . mhórtha mhac mbethadh ┐ riagtha mhac mbáis, AFM vi 2296. mainistir . . . i mbáttar meic bhethadh d'ord S. Fronséis, 2218.7 . m.¤ ceanta .i. m.¤ échta, O'Cl. (`a son of achievement' P. O'C. ). m.¤ mallachtan `son of a curse' = m.¤ báis: comtinól na mac mallachtan, FA 1. comaittreb . . . ina mac mallachtan (of Hell), PH 4332. dosbera na maccu mallachtu . . . isin tenid suthain, 7285 . do macaibh mallacht ┐ do lucht dénma uilc, AFM iii 286.25 . m.¤ meda `son of mead', a heavy drinker , Anecd. ii 35 § 8. m.¤ míraith a graceless person (?), Acall. 1884 (`son of mishap' O'Gr.). m.¤ ochta `bosom-son', a favourite, darling: sacart ┐ m.¤ ochta rig nime, Acall. 2462. rob m.¤ ochta aireachta cach mac buan dod bhroind-ḟine, Leb. Cert. 194. See also (c) below.

m.¤ óige a celibate : uasal-easpoc Erenn ┐ an m.¤ oighe, RC xviii 52.4 (Tig.). comharba Colaim Cille, ┐ Adhamhnáin, saoi, ┐ epscop, ┐ mac oicce, AFM ii 762.6 . Oengus mc. Cathain, in t-epscop ┐ in mc. óge 'the bishop and the celibate', AI 202 (s.a. 1036.6). See also m.¤ óg.

m.¤ uilc an evildoer: meic uilc ní thiset n-ar ndáil, LL 308b1 = SG 389.18 . m.¤ na tráth `son of the canonical hours' (of a cleric), Acall. 4614 , 6769 .

(c) of things or animals: m.¤ alla `son of a cliff', echo: co cuala sum . . . guth in meic alla aca ḟrecra asin charraic, LL 165b30 . ro bai a m.¤ alla isna trachtaibh re med a muirni, Aen. 992. ro lin m.¤ alla na gairi sin mothra ┐ caillti, CCath. 5624. ro baoi m.¤ alla gheimi an drúith sin aieor, RC xxiv n. 2 . AFM vi 2130.11 . As name of a drinking-horn , Acall. 133.

m.¤ bronn a species of metrical composition: aircetal aire dna ataait .x. fodla fair-side .i. m.¤ bronn, etc., BB 299a25 .

m.¤ formuin (? for 1 muin) apparently name of some joint or portion of meat allotted to certain ranks in the Tech Midchuarta at Tara: LL 29b19 , 35 and diagram = YBL 419b3 (where the reading of facs. appears to be m̅c̅ armuin), 13 and diagram (in all cases with contraction); mac formuin, H 3.18, p. 362b ( O'Curry 771 ). Petrie's Tara 175 fg. expands as `muc formuin' and translates pig's shoulder , comparing 1 formna.

m.¤ greche .i. eitne cnó a kernel , Ériu ii 5.10 (Amra Conroí).

m.¤ imblissen pupil (of the eye): amal in macc n-imblissen (gl. ut pupillam), Ml. 39c3 . dona maccu imlesaib (gl. pupillis), Gild. Lor. 118. m.¤ imresan (gl. pupilla), Ir. Gl. 80. is he tene na súla in m.¤ imlesen, SCC 17. tri maic imlissen cechtar a dá súla, TBC-I¹ 35. oensúil . . . ┐ tri maic imlessen inte, BDD 44. méit mac imlesan duine, Ériu ii 134 § 115. teit radarc . . . on incind cu mic imrisan na sul, ITS xiv 54.

m.¤ ochta name of a joint or portion of meat?, heart (?) (or read mucca ochta 'suckling pigs', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 65 ). ba si airigid ban Ulad . . . .i. secht ndaim ┐ secht tuirc ┐ secht ndabcha . . . ┐ secht nglaininí ┐ secht m̅c̅ ochta, IT ii1 173 (perhaps a vessel or measure).

m.¤ óe liver: in macc hoe tredluighthe (gl. trifidium iecur), Gild. Lor. 213.

m.¤ snáma `son of swimming' (kenning for some large fish or sea-monster?), Corm. Y 948.

m.¤ tíre `son of (the) country', wolf: Eg. Gl. 313. BDD 66. im macu tiri, Laws i 160.2 Comm. sod maic tire female wolf, TBC-I¹ 1720. pl. mic thíri, BS 76.3 . (mod.) na meictíreadha ag inghréim an tréuda, Hard. ii 310. (fig.) gach uile Eagluis do chaomhna ó chundtabhartaibh na macdtire, Carswell 77.

With adj.: m.¤ salach `dirty lad', a toad , gl. bufo, Thes. ii 235.8 (reading doubtful).

m.¤ ar muin name of a defect in prosody , IGT Introd. § 2.

IV Folld. by a gen. or adj. mac is often used to form masc. proper names, or sobriquets. Exx. from lit.: Mac Brocc, Cóir Anm. 45. Mac Caille, Hy. v 15. m.¤ Cécht (son of power? of the plough?), one of the Tuathan Kings; cf. Macc Cecht (name of a smith), Trip. 250.24 . m.¤ Cuill (s. of hazel?), a Tuathan king, cf. Trip. 220.15 . Lugaid Mac Con, Cóir Anm. 61.71 . Lugaid Mac tri con, IT i 108.2 . Mac Dā Recht, ZCP xiii 356.7 . Mac Dá Thó (s. of the two mutes), IT i 96 (= Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. vi 1 , and see Preface, p. i ). Mac in Daimh, Imr. Brain i 61. Bec mac Dé in fáid, LL 371b17 . LB 260b12 . Mac Gréine, a Tuathan king. Mac ind Óc (`s. of the two Young Ones', Stokes, RC xxvi 60 ), sobriquet of Óengus mac in Dagda, also called Mac Óc, IT i 132.13 : in mac Óc, ib. 7 . Macc Tāil (`son of adze'), Trip. 250.25 .

With adj. m.¤ Riabhach, m.¤ Solas (names of drinking-horns), AFM iii 110.2 ; 34.7 . AU ii 188.

From history: m.¤ na haidhche, AU ii 72.2 ; 134.19 ; cf. mac(h) na hoidhche (gl. Thitheus), Ir. Gl. 546. Macbeathadh, AU 1014 , 1041 . Macētigh (< étig ugly?), 936 ; Macēitigh, 950 ; mac Mic Etigh, 896 . Maclēighinn, 988 . Mac Líag ardollamh Erend (s. of a leech), 1016 . Mac Lochlainn (s. of a Dane), 1051 . Maccnia, 701 ; Macnio, 708 ; g s. Macniadh , 751 . Cf. Mac Niad (.i. Mac Con), Cóir Anm. 220. Macoac (= m.¤ óc?), AU 787. Macoigi, 801 ; Maccoigi, 874 ; dormitatio Maccoiged, 752 (cf. mac óige III b above). Macoirbb, 809 . Mac Oncon, 729 (see onchú). Macriaghoil, 821 . Mac ind shaer (s. of the wright), 766 . m.¤ na cerda (sobriquet), 874 .

After the introduction of surnames (10th-11th cent.), mac folld. by gen. n.pr. m. becomes a common form of surname and often changes to Mág (gen. Méig); the usage is extended to foreign names. Flaithbertach Mag Uidhir, AU ii 442.2 (an. 1327 ). Cormac Mag Coscraidh, AU iii 430.24 . Cormac óg m.¤ C. m.¤ T. Meg Ca, AU iii 428.3 . mac Airt Meg Uidhir, iii 10.9 (1383) . Raghnall mac Mic Raghnaill, ii 196.8 (1179) . do clainn Raghnaill Meg Raghnaill, iii 12.20 (1384) .

COMPDS. Forms less or more stable compds. with a follg. subst., generally with sense youthful, pertaining to a boy or child . ¤bachall f. a boy's staff: macb. a ainm . . . ar bith na [leg. a = i?] laim na macæim, BColm. 46.10 . a s. macbachaill, ib. 3 . ¤brat m., in pl. child's clothes, swaddling-clothes: ba fóglainntid . . . he asa macbrataib ┐ asa naidendacht, Alex. 810. an tan robuí ina mhacbhrataibh, Hugh Roe fo. 15 a . asa aóididh ┐ asa mhacbrataibh (sic leg.), fo. 73 a . ¤brethaid son-bearer: v s. a macbrethaig glórdai (of the Virgin Mary), Ir. Lit. 48 = LB 74a53 (see Ériu 9.85 , footnote 2). ¤cerd f. youthful art: pl. maccerdda Conculaind, TBC-I¹ 732. ¤cless m. juvenile feat: do mebhraighis do mhacchleasa, MR 302.5 . ¤comlond m.: ba handsa . . . frithalum a mha[c]comlaind, Aen. 2570. ¤dalta m. a young fosterling: caeca macdalta, IT ii2 192 . ¤daltus m.: co m. do chill i forcanar `son-fosterage to the church in which he is taught', O'Dav. 956. ¤dán m.: caraid . . . a maccdán, Thes. ii 293 ( SP ii 4 ); 'youthful art' CMCS lvii 3 § 2 . ¤díre `boy-fine', fine or honour-price payable in case of a boy? cia luigium hi maicdirib? (.i. cia mac is lugu eneclann), H 2.15A p. 17b ( O'D. 1017 ). ¤dond m. a youthful chief? Níall menmnach m., Ériu iv 110 § 72 a . ¤drettel m. a young favourite: Fráech . . . macdreittel ríg Síde ṅHerend, LL 250b36 = TBFr. 262 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v ). a macdrettil Emna!, FB 11. ¤drúth m. an idiot boy: m. .i. a cinn a .vii. mbliadan, H 3.17 c. 265 ( O'D. 344 ). ¤fine sons of a family: mār maccḟine aīn-rīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 2 ( Rawl. 124a = marfine, LL 387a17 ). ¤firt f. a miracle performed in boyhood: do macfertuibh inni noem-Patraic, Lism. L. 132. i soscéla na mac[ḟ]erta the Gospel of the Infancy, LB 139b8 . See V. SS. Hib. vol. i p. xxxiv . ¤flaith a youthful chief: Mál in mac[ḟ]laith, Acall. 2503. do mhacḟlaith Mumhan, Leb. Cert. 36.1 . ¤gním a boy's deed, exploit: da mbetis na gníma óclachais aice feib atát na macgníma, TBC-LL¹ 984. 1388 . indister a macgnimaib Samsoin . . . iat, LB 128a18 . ¤gnímrad: pl. macgnimrada Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 864. macgnímartha Find, RC v 195. ¤laeg m. a young calf: mac (.i. bec) laog, LL 393a45 (term of endearment?). ¤lebar m. a book copied from another: a maicleabhar Lecan Mhec Fhirbisigh sin this is from a copy of the Book of L., Todd Nenn. p. ciii . leis gach leabhar a mhaicleabhar, Keat. iii 1395. pl. micleabhair, 484 . ¤lenb a boy-child: fad'mhaicleanb, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 12. ¤lendán a sweetheart: is é ba maclendan don ingin, RC vi 175.50 . maicleannan (of a woman), CF 244. ¤léine a boy's tunic: coeca maclene, IT ii2 191 . ¤naidm n. a bond entered into by children: rucus imdilsi eter macnadmann, ZCP xv 332 § 24. ¤noídiu a male infant, a young son: noídiu [maccnaídiu, Eg.] Conaire maic Etersceoli, BDD 106. ¤ogam .i. ogam ban torrach (a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5774. ¤slicht: in pl. macslechta sections in the laws dealing with the various classes of sons: bretha for maicslechta .i. . . . for sloinntib no for aisneithe mac, Eg. 88, fo. 16d ( O'Curry 2231 ). bretha for macslechtaib, H 4.22, p. 26 ( O'Curry 1993 ). ¤thairngertaid m. a boy who was promised: mactharṅgertaid Dé, SR 3077. ¤thairngertach a `promised son': an macthairngertach mórghlondach Aódh Rúadh, Hugh Roe, fo. 10 a . ¤thoísech m. a young chief: bó gach mactoisig, Fen. 92.25 . aenraghu mactaisech Erenn, AU ii 482. With adj. ¤amrae wondrous son: samlai, | a Maire, do macamrai Mary, the like of your wondrous son Blathm. 26 . ¤dall blind person: fége do roscaib macdall 'keenness to the eyes of the blind' 146 . ¤ḟind fair son: ar do macind irgabáil 'for the captivity of your beautiful son' 6 .

With npr.: menmna macc-Néill mullaig máel-Themra of young Niall, Ériu iv 98 § 28.

Other compds. treated separately.

mothar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mothar or dil.ie/32610
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: mothru

n o, m., (orig. n.? cf. m.¤ n-aidhche, O'Dav. 1245 and legal texts cited below). Prob. cognate with 1 moth; the orig. sense may be something dark or intricate.

(a) a thicket, jungle, wilderness (of greater extent and wilder than a '1 muine'): ro leith fid ┐ m.¤ dar crich nGuaire, RC xvi 34 z ( Dinds. 84 ). tene mhor ar mh.¤ Durlus, IT iii 97 § 158. bid mōin ┐ m.¤ a feranna-seom co bráth (a curse), BColm. 62.17 . co nár fág .. . móin nā muine nā m.¤ , BS § 12 . fích mothair, Metr. Dinds. iv 16 y . eter mothru ┐ amréthi, FB 47 (a p.). ro lin mac-alla . . . mothra ┐ caillti, CCath. 5625. ingen maic Niad na mothur, LL 139a16 . a mothraib mórálli Manéti, 233a28 ( TTr. 1204 ). tar moithribh an maigh-sleibhe, AFM vi 2128.13 . Freq. in place-names, see Hog. Onom. (= Anglo-Irish Moher).

(b) transf. a dense, rough, or tangled mass . Of a high sea: co mothor mara Torrían, LL 135b12 = Rawl. 78a2 ( PRIA 1884, 2nd series ii 230 ). tar in m.¤ mortonnach, CF 37. ro eirigh in fairrgi ana mothur mor-ainbtenach, D IV 2, 45ra11 . Of clouds or mist: mothur imdorcha aidchidi, LL 235b13 ( TTr. 1375 ). co mbátar 'na m.¤ dluith dorcha dubhchíach (of clouds), CCath. 3339. doni en-motar mor dorcha dibh (sc. clouds), ITS xiv 150.14 . Cf. gor bha chéo truailnithi . . . i mbui do mhothor inna mhedhon, RC xiv 265 § 59 = a mboi do mhóthur, TBC-LL¹ p. 305 n. 5 , where it seems used of foul vapour or ordure. Other applications: in m.¤ sciath dense mass of shields, Ériu v 240.1 . cona ngreanmothraib goiscidi (of whiskers and beards), MR 180.10 ; 184.18 .

(c) in fig. sense, obscurity; a tangled or intricate problem: mothor n-airechta .i. is toirche [= doirche] laisin airecht, H 4.22 p. 30 ( O'Curry 2002 ). mothur n-ecuimne .i. is dorcha aire inn inbaidh coimperta, ib. Cf. O'Dav. 1245 : m.¤ .i. dorcha, ut est mac sula saighid seilbh ciasa m.¤ .i. innsaigid in ferann cidh dorcha a breth [dó] (the citation might mean an acknowledged son seeks [landed ] property even though it is a wilderness). ? mothar n-iubaili nertadh rudhartha, Eg. 88, fo. 37c ( O'Curry 2461 ); apparently: the lapse of time forming a barrier against claims, Plummer, MS. notes. Cf. further: dorad i mmothar an ní sin that bewildered (?) him, BDD² 1183 = i mmoth LU.

Compds.

(a) with subst. ¤chluas f.: ro mael . . . a motharchluasa shaggy (?) ears , SG 251.9 . ¤mhuine 'a dense thicket': as amhlaidh éimh robhúi an t-ionadh sin ┐ motharmhuine móirdreasa míndeilgneach ann, BS 12 § 18 . ¤thír wild land covered with thicket , RC xiii 9.4 (mothor-).

(b) with adj. ¤daingen: i mendattaib m.¤-daingne ┐ i ndroibhélaibh diamhra ensconced in thickets (?), Hugh Roe 128.23 (fo. 35a) . fíodhbhadh ¤dhlúith, Todd Lect. iv 94.7 . muinel mothlach ¤dhorcha, ZCP vi 80.19 . fon muir ¤ dhorca, Études Celt. i 81.32 . ós a muineól ¤glas shaggy and grey , Metr. Dinds. iii 78.8 .

2 reo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 reo or dil.ie/35122

n dense darkness? reó (dorcha) m., IGT Dec. § 108 . dorcha an choill, ro dhorcha an reó, ib. ex. 1802 . a Rí 'c atá in réo (of God), LL 307a4 ( SG 386.14 ). tug ragain da cach . . . rigthech gel . . . as teg na reo doirche (i.e. heaven and hell), ACL iii 237 § 18 . as an reo doirche , Irish Texts ii 28 § 26 . decsin radhairc i rreo doirce (of a hopeless attempt), CCath. 4397 .

rúnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rúnach or dil.ie/35789
Last Revised: 2019

adj o,ā (1 rún) mysterious: riched rúnach, Fél. Nov. 6 . Versed in mysteries, possessing rare knowledge ? drecht .i. eolus, ut est carmar drechtach ra-runach, O'Dav. 625 , cf. 1351 . rúnaigh .i. teimhliġhthe, no doirche hidden or obscure , O'Cl.

2 sénaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 sénaid or dil.ie/37102

v ā (1 sén). Cf 2 sénad (ón bheannachadh), IGT Verbs § 80 . marks with a sign; signs (with the cross), blesses (in Christian sense); puts a spell, charm (sén) on (in heathen sense): s[é]n [a nói]bing[e]n, Sg. 158 marg. sup. ( Thes. ii xx 33 ). sén a Chríst mo labrai, Fél. Prol. 1 . Crist ronsóera ronsēna, Thes. ii 306.6 . a stefan dommairi sén lat cend mo cridi ar chuidachaib báis, Mon. Tall. 131.15 . nop sēnaidh | dochī mac Dē cia dēnaidh sanctify yourselves, ZCP xii 296.7 . a macca lēginn lēgaid | nob sēnaid slonnadh sīde, O'Mulc. 688 . nim thá cumac día aisnéis mani sénasu ┐ mani chosecra mo gin. Ni senubsa ol P. do ginsu, LU 9234 . senfa-su do gnuis ┐ t'erlabrai co mba tol ndoib cach a ráidfi, Irish Texts i 5 § 15 . ar nach duine atchi Diabol ┐ ni sena indius norodaissed immbi. Sentus Bríg iarom, 11 § 33 . sēnais in caillig comail | ba slān cen neim cen galar, Thes. ii 337.4 . amra tinne sénastar, 339.1 . ro sén in n-uisce, Trip.² 171 . intan . . ro ṡén P. caille forsna ógaib, 1001 . [sé]nsom rig in choicid . . . sensom óg a n-amus . . ., Ériu x 93 § 7 , § 8 . ro shénastair cuid ind athláich, BNnÉ 326 § 46 . noda sénsat iar sin ó airdiu croiche Crist, LU 1764 . sēnam bruindi ┐ gnúis | [d]'arde chruichi Crīst, ACL iii 314 § 20 . dorat in drai doirche darsin ngrein . . . senais Senán na dorcha co ndechatar as focétoir, Lism. L. 2293 . `táet Dínel . . . ar mo chend dom ṡénad.' Druí side. Noséna-side condarala de he sains him so that it falls from him (of curing from deafness by enchantment), Metr. Dinds. iv 304.18 . senfait traigti sithcura (sithcura traigti, MS.) (rhetoric), Ériu viii 18.26 . s.¤ do blesses : senais don dáim a tir Gaidheal he blessed the band, Anecd. i 70 § 173 . consecrates (a church): mor trá d'eccalsaibh . . . do sénadh la hAban, BNnÉ 8.3 . séanais .i. beannaighis, O'Cl.

Vn. 2 sénad. See 1 sénaid.

2 sorchae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 sorchae or dil.ie/38500

Forms: soirche

n [, f.] (cf. 1 sorchae). Also soirche.

(a) light, brightness : sorcha .i. solas, O'Cl. ri dorigne sorcha saer | ┐ dorcha . . ., SR 17 . is uaisle na gach radh udacht fri bás . . . na confitir an soirche fon doirche teis a ainm, O'Curry 1743 ( 23 Q 6, 31 ). do-llēce dorche do ṡorche | do-llēce brōn do ḟāilti, ZCP xi 96 § 54 . for soirchi samluain, RC xxvi 28. n. 7 (= soilsi, text). go sorcha maidne dia luain, AFM vi 2194.z . ó rig Thire na Sorcha, TBC-LL¹ 2587 .

(b) In legal phrases. mac soirche lit. son of light, i.e. of legitimate (or legitimized) birth (?): do mac soirce iar ndoirce .i. iarna tabairt do fir de, O'Curry 1996 ( H 4.22, 28 ). mac itir soirche ┐ doirchi .i. mac forcair, O'Curry 2235 ( Eg. 88, 17a ). mac soirche, mac doirche iar soirche, mac soirche iar ndoirche, mac itir soirche ┐ doirche , O'Curry 2232 ( Eg. 88, 16b ). ré soirche lit. period of light (illumination, inspiration?): brethem ro bui a nécmais a breithi ann sin ┐ re soirchi no doirchi d'aithféghad dorini iarrath. Is ann atá re soirchi do intan adrubairt fuair hí ┐ nocha nitir cáit i fuair, O'D. 1573 ( H 5.15, 5b ). Note also: is í in soirchi . . . treisi soirchi in fénechais, cuicthi soirchi na filidechta dechmaidh soirchi in leigind, ib. (cf. O'D. 644 - 5 ). cuinge esbuide .i. cuinghi re risin ni is esbadach uadh d'a breith .i. fo aicned soirche no doirche , Laws v 252.18 Comm . Hence of persons: creic soirche fri doirche .i. creicc gaith fri baeth, ZCP xiii 22.26 .

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