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accobar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accobar or dil.ie/165

 

Forms: accobor, accubur, accobur, accobor, accobair, accobra, ocobair, accobraib

n o, n. vn. of ad-cobra (see Lochlann ii 202 ). n s. a n-accobor , Wb. 16c16 . accubur, 33a11 . Ml. 53c16 . accobur, Wb. 30c23 . a d s. accobor, Wb. 4b3 . 13d27 . g s. accobair, Mon. Tall. 152.27 (§ 64) . n p. accobra, Wb. 15d9 . ocobair, ACL iii 3.12 . d p. accobraib, Wb. 13d12 .

(a) desire, wish: gl. voluntas, Wb. 16c16 , Ml. 53c16 . gl. cupido, Sg. 62b4 . voluntate (.i. ó accbor) fallendi , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482 ). acobar voluntas, Dúil Laithne 178 ( Goid. 77 ). la accobur na ícci, Trip.² 1515 . cech naccobur adcobrae `every desire which thou desirest', Ériu i 196.2 . derchōiniuth di cech a.¤ atcobra duine, ZCP iii 27.25 . imscarad . . . na-bi ar dignu acht accobra (leg. accobar?, Ed.) saire, ZCP xiv 386 § 51 ( = Laws ii 318.28 ). munip scaradh ar acobar saoiri, Laws ii 210.7 Comm. gabus occobur hē im dola gu Fabur, RC xii 332 § 23 . re ro met a n-itad ┐ a naccobair hunger, Cog. 52.16 . In phrase sét accobair, used in Laws of an object of value: direnar in fuillem seo trian do etuch, trian do setaib accobair, Laws v 418.6 .i. d'or no d'airget no dairte ┐ dartadha, 10 Comm. .ui. setaib accobair i f-fuilliumaib a dire, 382.7 . glossed: setaib is o acobor, 25 Comm. , cf. also 384.23 , 388.19 . do setaib accobair .i. do lulgachaib, O'Curry 2009 (H 4.22 p. 33). it hē sin na sēoit acobair itbeir i Cāin Pātraic., Corm. Y 209 . is a.¤ . . . la wishes, desires: is hed . . . as accobar limm féin, Wb. 23b34 . dun gnim robu accubur lat do forbu, Ml. 50c14 . is acobur leu, 31b6 . bás ┐ aided ┐ airlech is accobor lemsa dóib, TBC-LL¹ 429 . nirbo mór accubar laisim ceth airitiu Maoili díthraib `he had no great desire even to receive M.', Mon. Tall. 135.26 (§ 24) . ni a.¤ lem do theacht I do not want you to go, TBC-I¹ 1147 . ní hed is accobur limm, TBFr. 94 . is accobar lium . . . co ro-indiser . . ., PH 1486 .

(b) covetousness, greed: accobar á túare, Wb. 11b5 . a.¤ , one of the capital sins, ZCP vi 271 § 3 . lán d'alghus ┐ d'accobhar dona sealbhaibh saoghalta, TSh. 10000 . acobhar .i. saint, Metr. Gl. 31 § 61 .

(c) carnal desire, lust: dobtromma a naccobor collnide `carnal desire weighs you down', Wb. 8c8 . accobra colnidi, 20c1 . buith i naccobor colnidiu, 15d13 . cid fogluasa ind doenacht ind a.¤ , Mon. Tall. 152.2 (§ 63) . co n-erbalat . . . a haccobrai (of the body), PH 7112 . álghus ┐ accobhar a intinne, TSh. 7970 . d'accobur fhir d'aentaidh mnā, RC xxxvii 347 § 36 .

1 airches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airches or dil.ie/1704

 

Forms: aircheist, airchess, airceist, airrcis, airrcheisd, airchisse, airrceis, airrc[h]eist, aircéssa, arrchesaib

n f. Also aircheist. n s. airchess, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.25 . airceist, ML 162.8 . a s. airrcis, Dinds. 93 . airrcheisd, ALC i 384.y . g s. airchisse, ZCP viii 310.38 . d s. airrceis, LU 1354 . airrc[h]eist, Ériu xi 48.29 . a p. aircéssa, Alex. 863 . d p. arrchesaib, H 3.18 541a10 . For unlenited c in Mod. Ir. see Duan. F. Gloss . (aircisid). See also Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 209 and Ériu xix 111 .

(a) act of trapping; trap, snare: arc[h]es .i. ab arceo .i. ōn c[h]umgach .i. īarsinnī doimairg innī tēit ind (innte v.l.), Corm. Y 15 . caite deochuir itir seilg fiadach ┐ airnelaib ┐ airrchesaib . . . sealg .i. for aighib, fiadach for milaip muighib, ┐ airrchesaib for mucaib allta ┐ arnelai for enaib, H 3.18, 541a10 ( Auraic. 113 ). is e cétna ro indlestar airrcis ┐ cuithig ar tús i nErind, Dinds. 93 ( RC xvi 44.7 ). do a.¤ AR to entrap, ambush: doluid side do hairchis ar fiadrad, ZCP viii 310.39 . doluidh C. . . . d'airrc[h]eist ar Lomma gur marbsat hé C. went to ambush L., Ériu xi 48.29 . ba himhecal leis D. . . . do airrceiss for a chind that D. would lay a trap for him, RC xx 52.24 .

(b) encounter, meeting: dá ndiultadh m'oirchis-se, DDána 11.30 . T. do ghabhail go holc leis na Saxanachaib tareis arrcisse do chur air ┐ a thiachtain 'n-a ceann leis an arrcis sin safe conduct, appointment for a meeting(?), AU iii 602.20 . do-beir a.¤ AR encounters, engages: adcuas do mac F. . . . innsin go ttucc airrchis orra (= tuc airrcheisd, ALC i 384.y . arrchest, Ann. Conn. 1249.5 ) `marched to meet them', AFM iii 332.16 . tuc Muiredach . . . aircis ar tossach na tren-sluag, Celt. Rev. iv 212.5 . ag tabairt aircissi ar anam a fir posda fen meeting her husband's soul, BCC 228.11 . minic dorad ingean óg / airchis ar neach a n-allód `put her spells', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 410.24 . téit (or other vb. of motion) i n-a.¤ X goes to meet x; pursues x: do luid . . . a Tracia i nairchis a muintiri, Laws i 22.1 Comm. tainicc ina n-airrcis . . . dochum an puirt, BNnÉ 70 § 118 . eirgitt uile 'na n-airrceis they rise and go to meet them, 269 § 240. do chúaid ind airrcis A., ITS xvi 60.29 . rith sé ina airicis, GJ vii 108a5 . adubairt ris mo long do tabairt i m'aircis go cúan Cuili `to meet me', Celt. Rev. iv 10.23 . ro chingseat . . . hi ccoinne ┐ hi ccert airrcis an tslua[i]gh, AFM iv 1214.13 . do cuaidh in airchis na ccreach go ttarla na ccenn é `in pursuit of', AFM iii 452.21 . tángatar tromsluagh Tuadmuman gu tindesnach na taobairrchist `in vehement pursuit' Caithr. Thoirdh. 90.9 .

(c) Gramm. in phr. innscne airchisi i.e. a conjugated prep. differing in gender from the noun to which it refers when separated from it by other words: ata conchlann gan úidh air / fá comthrom lúidh is lámhuigh, lochdach munab cóir d'innscni airchisi (the difficulty is apparently that `air' refers to `conchlann' which is fem.), IGT Decl. ex. 530 . fúair coma nach creite a méd / ní ḟéd dola seici súd, lochtach acht munab cóir d'innscne airchisi (here f. seici refers to m. coma), ex. 234 .

aithber

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithber or dil.ie/2557

 

n o, m. See Lochlann ii 214 . act of rebuking, blaming; blame, rebuke, reproach: do thabirt dígle et do aidbiur foirib `to punish and to reprimand you', Wb. 14c40 . . . . illa prophetica detestatio .i. indath[b]er mo indasfenad, ZCP vii 481.22 (Enchir. Aug.). ferais in slúag athber ṅgúr / forsind ríg . . ., SR 6093 . cia focerdaiter do aithbiur, Laws iv 60.19 Comm. na ben-sa aithuer (frim-sa add., do add. v.l.), Anecd. ii 60.12 . nocha ragha aithfer fort, 28.1 . ro bás acc tabairt a aithbhir fairsiumh they were laying the blame for it on him, ZCP x 4.10 . co comraicet . . . na pecdaig fri cetaidber ┐ fri cetchesad na conaire, IT i 180.23 = -glífit, LU 2087 ( FA 15 ). na tabra ai[th]bhir na litir orum `do not reproach me concerning the letters' (appended by scribe), Ériu ii 224.y . fors in rig ba coru a aithbhir do bheith, MR 50.11 . a ndiongna sé d'aithbhear oirn to reproach me for what he will do, Dán Dé xix 14 . atá mé i n-aghaidh na n-aithneadh / faghaibh gan é d'aithfear (the sinner appealing to St. Patrick), xii 27 . an chlann dar dual dola ar neamh / ag tuar a fhola d'aithfear i.e. the human race was destined for heaven but had incurred the blame of shedding Christ's blood(?), DDána 27a.29 . a fúair sé dh'aithfer an ḟill blame for the treachery, IGT Decl. ex. 872 . aithfear do thabha[i]rt dár bhfearaibh, Párl. na mB. 2712 . gan aighfer a phecaidh do chor ar dhuine oile, Ó Héodhusa 211.2 . ba roscremda ind aithbiur, ZCP iii 228.20 .

With immaithber (-ir): bai aithber imaithber ogaib in aidchi sin: bai dono a n-aithber uili for Tuirrn there was reproach and mutual reproach amongst them that night but they all blamed T., Aen. 2886 . do badur ac aifer imaifir fria cheili, YBL 158a38 = co n-aithber imaithber occu fria araile, LB 111b58 . ar rob iomdha aithber iom aithbher mairgnech ┐ meirten . . . reproach on reproach, AFM vi 2288.20 . róide ar n-aithredh dob aithnidh / móide in t-aithber imaithbhir, IGT Decl. ex. 896 . In concrete sense of retribution, punishment (cf. perh. aithbe, 1 aithe): genaid cach fer araile ár nibá hecal leis a aitber fair that he will have to make retribution for it, LU 9749 . cual . . . no imarchainn gacha domhnuigh . . . ┐ is e a haitfer sin roberar orm `this is the retribution that is inflicted upon me', RC xiv 54.13 . With subjective gen. ar oman Foruinn ┐ a aithbhir, Laws i 20.26 Comm. ní hé a n-aithfer féin téit ḟorro . . . acht aithfer mh'uabair-se they are not being punished on their own account but in revenge for my pride (of slain enemies), RC xiii 86.3 . leic a.¤ na ndea formsa `let the gods take vengeance on me', CCath. 1784 v.l. With oc: ag aithbear an uilc ┐ an eccóra ar lucht m'inghrema, BNnÉ 266 § 233 . gib é do dhéna ingreim . . . ar I. C. beid na deich cet naomh . . . aga a.¤ air, ZCP x 22.19 .

bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

bocsa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bocsa or dil.ie/6262

 

Forms: bucsa, bosca

n m. (Engl. loanword) also bucsa. box : bogsa cumdaigh casket ', O'Gr. Cat. 265.25. boxa dola (1681) Matthew xxvi 7. buxa cumhduighthe, 23 K 42 , 164.9 busga na habhluinneadha pyx, Eochairsg. 125.1 . Note also: bucsa a box ; the box tree, O'Gr. Cat. cited Meyer, Contribb. 287. bosca, Dinneen .

1 cúairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúairt or dil.ie/13327
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cōirt-, -rd

n [i], m., later f. Arch. cōirt-, see compds. c.¤ , -rd, f., IGT Decl. § 42 .

I

(a) circle, ring; circuit, circumference: ánus cuáirt `a circle', Sg. 59b13 . in chuartai frithsuidighthi gl. oppossitique orbes, Ml. 39c12 . dun chuairt gl. giro, 84a9 . a chuaird corcorgemmach its circlet of crimson gems (a brooch), LU 7400 ( BDD 100 ). cuaird (cuairde v.l.) bec . . . amal circáill ḟeta (necklet worn by Morann), IT iii 190 § 15 . cuaird uilche aos na fer midba, O'D. 1952 (Cod. Clarend. vol. 15, f. 7, p. 2 col. b) (see compds.). fochress cach cúaird immalaile etc. arranged themselves in concentric circles, LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). Cf. cuaird .i. buidhin ┐ is buidhen ar chath sunn . . . .uii. chuarda . . . ┐ .7. nimdha, etc. (= FB 55 ) ┐ isíat na .7. cuárda .i. .7. catha Ulad taken to mean troop, battalion , H 3.18, 608b5 , 7 , 8 ( O'Curry 1324 ). do ḟiannaib Erenn, cach cuaird im araili im Temraig `each (band) encircling the other around T.,' Ériu xii 182 § 13 (TE2). tanic Fiac ┐ a chuairt leis `circuit' (sc. the poets or druids on F.'s c.), Thes. ii 307.15 .

(b) circuit, globe (of heaven, earth); area, territory, district; inner space, enclosure: no línfed . . . in n-ule cuaird in talman gl. omnem terram, Ml. 25a8 , 11 . rígi inna huili cuarta, Trip.² 2106 `of the whole globe', Trip. 180.8 . cuairt ind richidh co noi ngradaib aingel `the circuit of the celestial vault', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . dá arrig dec . . . / cach for a chuaird . . . / for dá thuaith dec Israhél district (?), SR 7011 . caille comhfhada / cladh na cúarta-sa `circuit' (enclosure or district (?), cf. crioch, 4), BS 98.10 . cru tire do telluch .i. cuairt in tíre .i. guirtt .i. cro .i. ime, O'D. 415 ( H 3.17, 317 ), cf. Laws iv 20.5 . uii. cúarda . . . ┐ uii. n-imdada o thein co fraig circular compartments (?), LU 8730 ( FB 55 ). for cuairt an rígh .i. istigh i mbi an Rí (under heading dámh cháe na ngradh ffileadh), Ériu xiii 52.10 . See midchuairt. cuairt .i. crich . . . ma rofiastar a ratha a mignima in-óen chuairt urraduis .i. i n-aon crich urraduis sin `in one circle of urradas (the customary law of freemen)', O'Dav. 503 . iter da cuairt ingelta ro marbad é (a dead beast), O'Curry 2102 (H. 4.22, 76a). See comaithches, comingaire, comingelt, ingelt .

(c) circuit; a turn around, revolution : cuaird cech laithe a daily circuit (of horse-races), LL 25101 . en cuairt o oirrcir co hiartar an domain revolution, course (of moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 108.22 . ? do chuir sé c.¤ air ághaidh a naigéin = he set a compass upon the face of the deep, Proverbs viii 27 (1827). Hence of a recurring event, turn : in cuairt muilinn, Ériu xvii 64 § 1 n. 4 `the circuit (`rotation') of the mill', see 62 , 63 . tossach cuarta in so doridisi, 76.5 . timchelsat teora cúarda cech ḟir díb ir-ríge .i. lxiii. (of 3 kings who held sovereignty in turn for a septennium), Dinds. 161 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn, LU 6699 (TBC). in tan rosiacht do Chua . . . c.¤ a cometa `his turn of guarding', Dinds. 157 . táinic naí cuarta fó[n] cath attacked the host nine times, CF² 1111 .

(d) circuit, tour, visitation, journey and related meanings: a cuardaib ane .i. a caí uird inna fíraí .i. inna fíréicsi poetic visitations, LL 24320 (see RC xxvi 18 § 25 ). for chuartaib cloth, Ériu xiii 38.15 . ni far cuairt parche do-coid `diocesan visitation', Wb. 21a12 . ɔral c.¤ fuirib-si gl. praeter[i]ens uideam uos, 7a4 . do dechaidh . . . / du cuaird is naibh hifernoibh `went . . . on a visit to Hell' (of Christ). Blathm. 696 . Felix fuair cuairt (cuaird, v.l.) céoldai `sojourn', Fél. Jan. 22 . rolá P. cuairt Lagen = migravit . . . ad fines L., Lat. Lives 61 § 53 . D. comarba Patraic for cuairt Muman, AU i 486.11 . mac in chléirig ar in cuairt `let the cleric's son go on the circuit', Ériu ix 49 § 29 . congbail tsenad na hEclaisi oc cuingid cuarda `visitation', Laws i 158.18 Comm. dia ndeochaid . . . ar cuaird ardrīg i nInis Bretan, Corp. Gen. 132.19 . tinoilis H. . . . slog mor . . . amal tísad for cuairt rig, PH 844 . cuaird Erend do chur co n-acamar a ndingnu, etc., Anecd. i 9.26 ( SCano 293 ). dochoid side (sc. a poet or druid) for cuairt i Connachtaib, Thes. ii 307.14 . cuirit . . . inn ēgis mórchúairt Hērenn ┐ Alban dia fochmurc the poets make the great tour of Scotland and Ireland to seek it (sc. the Táin), ACL iii 3.25 . dā mbeirt[h]ea dán lat bothúaid / . . . / nī budh lúgha let ale / nās ō chūairt Érenn uile, ZCP viii 109 § 9 . luidh-siumh (the young Molling) . . . do c.¤ na Lúachra wandered about L., RC xxvii 268 § 15 . ropo chūaird `a visit' (of a battle), Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 65 . mithigh cuairt a gceann Fhiacha it is time to visit F. (a patron), LBranach 2181 . logh an chuairt-se do-chuamar the visit I paid (to a patron) was payment, DDána 67.49 . taispenad a cuarta (.i. a n-imdeachta) `their journeys', Auraic. 193 . Of reconnoitring, etc.: luid Conall ┐ Bricriu du chur cúarta to search (for shelter for the night), LU 10579 ( Comp. CC 3 ). dolá F. cūairt co tarrla docum tighi, ZCP v 501.12 . gin a cuairt do cur without making a tour (of inspection) of it (a green), Laws iv 196.6 Comm.

(e) With following descriptive gen.: cuairt buadha `a triumphant visit', Ériu iv 112 § 1 . dia cuairt cairte .i. cuairt flathamnais, O'Curry 480 ( H 3.18, 250 ). a c[h]uairt certaigthe = his Visit iuridicall, RSClára 130b . ar cuairt chrábaid, SG 39.25 . dolluid . . . do chūairt ectra la Ulto `went upon a round of adventures in U.', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 3 . cuaird erlama `the visitation of a patron saint', Laws v 450.8 Comm. gl. sen-dliged, 4 . for cuairt gemridh a farrud rígh Osraigi (of a fili), Ériu xi 47.4 . O'D. 952 ( H 3.17, 666 ). níor mhian leis an lá do mhair / gan chuaird ollaimh 'n-a ḟochair (in elegy for prince and his ollamh), DDána 73.21 . cuaird retha canait / cínticha clíí (a division of poetry), IT iii 31.18 . is amlaid ro chiṅged ri Temrach for a chuairt rigi, RC xxiv 176.25 . lodsamar ar cuaird selgga `went on a hunting round', vii 304.1 . luidh-sen . . . do chuairt teglaig co a tiagherna, Anecd. ii 42 § 2 . See s.v. amsaine , cáe, cenél, rígdomnacht , 1 selg, scís.

(f) What is levied, or requested on a c.¤ , tribute, dues, claim (otherwise Contribb. 544 ): cuairt fer Midhe etir chill ┐ tuáith `visitation of, etc.' (i.e. collection of tribute from them), RC xvii 345.3 (Tig.). Moling . . . / dligidh cuarta ┐ cealla, Anecd. ii 23 § 14 . rocind . . . cūairt do-som uáid fēin a tribute was fixed for him from, etc., BColm. 88.10 . tabrat a cuart dom catraig `tribute' (claimed by ecclesiastic), Fen. 80.16 . co ttucc a lán chuairt etir screpall, ┐ edbarta `a full visitation tribute', AFM ii 894.17 .

(g) As attrib. and descr. gen.: i n-a cēidi c[h]uarta, ML² 1133 . mur ollamh cuarta . . . / na mes misi a mic Siobháin do not look upon me as a poet on a round of visitation, ZCP ii 348.18 . Note also: Fergus file . . . esgra márchuarta, Ériu xiii 30.14 . ar ḟior gcuarta visitor or guest, DDána 110. 21 .

(h) In legal contexts: ordaib neimid nuither cuardaib, Laws iii 26.6 .i. ordaithter . . . iar cae uird . . . cidbe cuaird i mbe `circle', 12 Comm. ni cuirithur cuaird for gablu fine `the succession shall not devolve upon, etc.' (of property), 78.20 . cuairt .i. tiumarguin . . . airbert i cuairt cach slan `restraint', O'Dav. 405 . ? cuairt saigeas a comnaidm la fear foirgeall fiadnaise, Laws iv 8.24 .

II In adv. and prep. phrases. Preceded by imm (fa) + an ( GOI 517 , 1 imm ) imma(c)cúairt round about, around ; im na insi immacuairdd (ma over line, note), Ml. 89d18 . forda-rubai . . . F. imma cúaird strikes them all around (?), MU² 1017 . secht n-imdai ó thein co fraig . . . imme cúaird, Fraech 66 . im chomm, Laws i 124.4 .i. ima cuairt, 134.3 Comm. is mar so gerrtur an crann sin fácuairt co gar do talam `round about near the earth', Maund. 160 . atá folach i sléib Fuait / do chuirfedh Eirinn má cuairt `set . . . on the move', SG 180.y (Acall.). a himpod ima cuairt `to whirl it (the discus) round', TTebe 2471 . ben fuil astu . . . fo guairt (maguairt, v.l.) le tingin `extract the blood all round' (from warts), Rosa Angl. 206.5 . imthighios fá gcuáirt = that goeth about, Proverbs xx 19 . Note: áonrotha . . . ┐ sé ima ccuairt = so compassed, RSClára 92b (appar. the Engl. (= contrived etc.) was misunderstood, Gloss.). With follg. IMM, etc.: fuslegar de immandelg immecuáirt `it (butter) is smeared all round the thorn' (in charm), Thes. ii 248.7 (Sg. Incant.). atacordat . . . imacúairt imon torad sin `roll about in the fruit', Ériu ii 192 § 3 . isiarsin dodechatar na fir immacuairt immi `then came the men all around him', RC iii 181.30 . tangas ma ccuairt orrtha `they were . . . surrounded, etc.', Rel. Celt. ii 202.37 . go mbeinn mágcuarda / idir na daoinibh duarca `should live with sullen men around', Ó Bruad. i 130.y . In phr.: don ch.¤ sea (aniugh, v.l.) on this occasion (lit. visit), at this time, Mer. Uil.² 149 . In prep. phr. i cuaird bethad brigadbuil `around the . . . world', Hib. Min. 39.5 . birt būaidh [n]-eaccna hi c.¤ Ēirenn all round (?) Ireland, ZCP viii 197.11 .

Compds. With nouns. cuart-anáir (: uachtaráin) Bhanbha `honour-circuit', Content. x 13 . inna cuairt roth `in its circle-wheel' (of particles of the host in the form of a cross), Thes. ii 255.4 (Stowe M.). See Plummer, KZ xxvii 445 . With ¤sel rotation, gyration, whirl (see Wortk. 47 , Celtica i 378-80 ): is cicul dūn ol in duine quasi dixisset is cuairdfell dun son, Corm. 10 cicul = cūairtfell, Corm. Y 264 . a gyrando on cuairtfell bis fuirre `circular flight' (of a goose), Corm. Tr. 88 gigrand. a coirib cuairdill `from whirlpools', Laws iii 422.11 Comm. a ro-domain, v 298.10 .i. caire cuairt-bill ┐ a murlochaib, 17 Comm. coirt-tobe gl. circumcissio, Wb. 23d24 (a prima manu). ¤ulchaige beard encirclement (the stage at which a boy becomes an adult) Críth G. 90 , ZCP xliv 167 . co cúairtulchaigi (-ulcaid MSS) lit. `encircling beardedness . . . or read c.¤ n-ulchaige ?' (Notes), Críth G. 67 , see p. 90 . With adj. delb chuairtchruind `shape of a round circle', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . ropo chúairddulchach , Críth G. 68 .

2 Dala

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 Dala or dil.ie/14350

 

Forms: dăla

pn i.e. dăla sobriquet: fiche (sc. bliadan) do Domnall dala : do mac massech Murchada, LL 130 a 21 . truagh aonṁac Domhnaill dala (: Boraṁa), AFM iii 598. 3 . Cf. Dalo, Daula, Dola .

dásacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dásacht or dil.ie/14713
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dásachta, dásacht, ndásacht

n ā, f. Madness, fury, panic. g s. dásachta CCath. 786 . d s. dásacht, Wb. 9 b 7 . 28 a 11 . Ml. 34 a 21 . a s. i ndásacht , Ml. 20 b 7 . The noun from which dásacht is probably derived has been lost in Irish. Explained as diṡocht. ní bí i socht. nó dásocht .i. díosacht. ní bí i foisecht acht ó loc do loc iter utmaille ┐ labra, Corm. ad v . It translates Lat. amentia, dementia, furor, rabies.

I Madness, insanity, esp. applied to insanity characterised by wild excitement; also (in animals) rabies, esp. of dogs and bulls. for dásacht mad, insane . dul for dásacht to run mad. rosngab dásacht they have gone mad. duine do chur for dásacht to madden a person. These phrases are used in all senses of dásacht. Often connected with 1 baile, duible, geltacht, míchiall, mire. dásacht nó mire, O'Dav. 628 . aṁail fear baoise nó búainghealtachta lán do dhásacht ┐ do dheirgṁire, TSh. 167.1 . marb imorru do dásacht an Tomrair sin bliadhain si ar nimirt do Bhrénainn miorbhal fair, TFrag. 164. 2 ; 166. 18 . derig a menma mar leoman ar dasacht ac dul fo eallach, RC xix 40. 7 . cuilén con rohailed lais...a dul for duibhle ┐ dásacht uada, FDG 30 (B iv 2). gabait na heilifaint for miri ┐ d.¤ , ZCP i 390. 17 . dam, tarb for dásacht a mad bull, pass.

II The condition of being possessed by a demon, the popular explanation of insanity. tradere huius modi Satanae in interitum carnis ut spiritus salvus sit, gl. aliter is do dásacht asberar a thindnacul sa is tre sodin bid slán á anim som in die domini , Wb. 9 b 7 , where `a thindnacul do dásacht' renders Lat. `tradere Satanae' as in Wb. 28 a 11 : Hymenaeus et Alexander quos tradidi Satanae .i. paenitentiae nó do dásacht. luid demun isin errig...┐ rolín dasacht ┐ mire in ríg cona thimthirigib uli ┐ nolabratís na demna tria nginaib, PH 746 . rothuic Partholon conid demun rochuir in duine for dásacht, PH 1986 . do ṡaigid in apstail arco tíssed do ṡaerad a ingine amal roṡaer in fer bói fri dásacht reme, ib. 1992 . in foirenn roptar cendsa artús rosóitea i lonnus iarum fri hElizár ┐ midset conid for dásacht bói, PH 6563 .

III Imprudence or delusion approaching insanity, madness, extravagant folly; translating amentia, dementia; syn. mí-, dí-chiall. consuetudo est hís...quos in amentiam (gl. i.e. i ndasacht) amaritudo compellit conquæri de Deo , Ml. 20 b 7 . roḟáitbe immorro in pobul cunnail dásacht na foirni se ita a populo sententiae sanioris inrisa (sic leg.) est dementia Todd Lect. v 92 (LB). as mór an ṁíchiall ┐ an dásacht fil forainn bheith as gach tír attír ar fud an doṁain gár marbhadh, TFrag. 160. 6 . is dásacht a ndogníthi si ┐ atbar dásachtaig fén, LB 212 a 10 . is dásacht ┐ ní fellsamdacht, ib. 211 b 12 f.b.

IV Extravagant excitement, wild desire; inspired frenzy, ecstasy; translating furor , Gk. μανία; syn. dreis. eos non proelii necessitate inpelli sed solo furore raptari, gl. .i. ho dasacht, Ml. 34 a 21 . bag a Baccho (sic leg.) .i. ón dassacht, O'Mulc. 117 . bach .i. dreis no d.¤ , O'Dav. 207 . dorn idir dán is dásacht poetic frenzy O'Gr. Cat. 357 . baoi Uilliam Búrc for dásacht ag leanmain an madhma. iadhaid muintir an Chláraigh uime ┐ gabhthar leo é, AFM iii 498. 8 .

V Wild, ungovernable anger, frenzied rage, fury; also a fit or access of such passion; warlike rage . Often connected with such words as 1 ferg, díḟerg, innire, fíchmaire, 1 dechrad, dremun, mire; dísc(i)re, déine, alltacht, borba, garbe.—dreaṁan .i. dásachd mire nó míchiall, O'Cl. gor chreathnaidhtheadar ┐ gor uaṁnaidhtheadar díosgarṡluagh ḟear nÉireann re fúaim a ndeac[h]racht ┐ a ndásacht, TBC-LL¹ 3824 Eg. is annsin lingid dassacht i Piláit then a fit of passion seized P. PH 2818 . tanic Astriages...┐ in uliṡacart aroen fris ┐ demnu oca nimluad ┐ siat for mire ┐ dásacht PH 2160 (cf. II). goro líon dfeircc ┐ dinnire gur bhó súaill ná deachaidh for dásacht, AFM vi 2360.5 . go ngabhann fearg ┐ dásacht an líaigh ris antan bhíos ag diultadh an neith budh maith dhó do ghlacadh, TSh. 229. 15 . dásacht ferga a strengthened ferg: do coṁdhaingnigheadh dásacht tfeirge orm a Dhé, TSh. 116. 28 (= is orumsa choṁnuigheas do dhibhḟearg, Bedel Psalms 88. 8 ). doghabh d.¤ feirge é, Keat. 1064 . cor go bhfillidh an tighearna óna dhásacht feirge ┐ go ttaisbeanuidh grása dhuitsi, Bedel Deuteronomy xiii 17 . dásacht , O'Mulc. 216 , for dásachtach.

VI Harshness, roughness, hardness, inconsiderateness ; the opposite of cennsa, trócaire, trúaige. non parcit medicus ut parcat saevit ut misereatur .i. ní choigleann an líaigh go gcoigleadh. gabhaidh dásacht é go ndearnadh trócaire nó go ngabhadh trúaighe é, TSh. 229. 11 . dásachd roughness HSD.

VII A sudden and excessive feeling of alarm, panic, fear, terror ; often connected with dible, duible, sceóin (a sudden fright), uathbas. go ro memaid do graidib Gaedel scréoin (sic) ┐ sceimnig diallaib ┐ dásacht (v.l. for dophar ┐ for dásacht, Stowe) TBC-LL¹ 3824 . rofostad ésein (sc. Dubdiad) ic dola ar dibla ┐ ar dásacht re huathbas in forgaim sin MR 200. 14 . raghabh dásacht fairenn díobh ┐ aseadh tangattur dionnsoighidh puible Maoilseachlainn. andar leo rab iad a muinntir féin, TFrag. 148. 11 . re mét in deinmni ┐ in dásachta búi forro ic déirgi na cathrach, CCath. 786 . cor cuirset Connachta a nár...┐ con ndechatar drem ar dásacht díb some of them fled in a panic RC xviii 161. 33 . co ndeachadar (na heich) ar d.¤ , SG 68. 12 . ba machtnadh mór ná diccsidís aes uirṁeta ┐ aradha for dreimne ┐ dásacht la coistecht frissna caismertaibh catha, AFM vi 2130. 10 . dairigh me dásacht ghránṁar éigin is pairithis bháis im chnáma sim cheadfadh, Midnight court 949 .

MOD. Obs., but given in most mod. dictionaries : Lhuyd, Coneys, O'R., Dinneen, HSD., Macd.

Daula

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Daula or dil.ie/14772

 

Forms: Daulo, Dula, Daela, Dula, Dulo

npr. m., of unknown origin; also Daulo, Dula, Daela. n s. Daulo diatát Corco Daulu, Anecd. iii 58. 29 . Grigga ┐ Dula ┐ Mainne diatá Gregraighe ┐ Corco Daelai ┐ Muinnige, ib. 58. 23 . athair iarom ind Olchon Cráibdig sin .i. Dula mac Laidir, LL 326 h 15 f.b. g s. Corco Daulai, Anecd. iii 58. 22 . Corco Daulu, ib. 29 . Corco Daelai, ib. 24 . .vii. mic Daula, LL 326 g 4 f.b. mac Daula, 326 h 3 , 5 , 11 . 326 i 11 . mac Daula mic Laitir, LB 16 c 10 . mac Dula, LL 326 i 23 , 326 i 20 f.b. cland Dula mic Laidir, ib. 326 i 10 f.b. Perhaps also in Mag Dola (Dolo, Dula; campus Dulo), as to which cf. Hog. Onom. 517 b .—Cf. Dalo.

dible

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dible or dil.ie/16037

 

Forms: dibla, diuble

n Also dibla, diuble panic, frenzy (?): nosgeib díubla ┐ dásacht, LL 244b44 ( TTr. 2090 ). ic dola ar dibla ┐ ar dásacht, MR 200.14 (cf. a dul for duibhle ┐ dasacht uada, 8.3 ). co namtallad-sa cét láech fo dibli (duilli, v.l., which is translated), Ériu iv 134 . See duible and duibel(l).

dlús

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dlús or dil.ie/17080

 

n (1 dlúth). m., IGT Decl. § 38 . Abstr. Nouns § 69 . closeness, density, tightness, compactness (of units in a mass or crowd): ba se dlus n-imairic daronsatar go rachomraicsetar a cind ar n-uactur ┐ a cossa ar n-íctur, TBC-LL¹ 3807 , cf. 3812 follg. ar a d.¤ . . . ┐ ar a daingne congaibther a n-airm illámaib na mmíled, 5865 . ba he dlus ro himnaiscid na hairsidi sin, co comraictis a troigthi, TTebe 3068 . as é d.¤ rofighedh an cath sin, ITS v 64 . red d.¤ . . . rocingset docum in droichit in so close a throng did they advance, CCath. 1276 . re badbdlus a mbratach, MR 190 . a ndlus catha in the thick of battle, Book of O'Conor Don 135b23 . ba hé d.¤ ┐ tighi rotuitset na crainn, CCath. 1789 . a ndlus fidbaide, 4974 . le dlus na coilledh, BCC 89 . gach geigfiodh ag dola a ndlus, 228 . gan os ar ccionn dos da dhlus, Rel. Celt. ii 276 . da mhór-rath badh fogus fás, | is dá mhórdhacht dola a nd.¤ to increase (be multiplied), Book of O'Conor Don 198a15 . lochta m'anma ag dul i nd.¤ increasing in number, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 12 . la dorchacht na haidhche ┐ la d.¤ na laochraidhe for aroile press , AFM iv 904 . la d.¤ ┐ deine na deabhtha, vi 2130 . Hence in general intensity, assiduity: Cáilte rodhibraic ar tús | in sleigh tré d.¤ gaiscid grinn, Acall. 1537 = SG 127 . dlighid ēigsi . . . d.¤ chaei um oighre Eibhilín to mourn intensely, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380 . d.¤ dighe `hard drinking', Content. xxv 4 . a ndiamhair lé d.¤ guidhe | iarruidh ar tús trócaire, Book of O'Conor Don 405b15 . In cheville: inis Locha Deirg co nd.¤ | lasna rígaib a himthús, SG 349 . With verb: an céidfhear rér chuiris d.¤ , DDána 59.18 . mairg chaitheas d.¤ re dhalta, 104.1 . Explained in Gl. as loves, perh. makes an effort for, does one's best for .

do-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-cuirethar or dil.ie/17442
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tochraid, dorala, tarla, tachraid, tochur, tachar, docuire, ducuiredar, du-nd-chuirethar, dochuirethar, docorethar, docuiretar, dochuiret, tochre, tocraid, corathar, -tochrathar, -tochra, dochora, rathochra, -dochrat, tochorad, docorad, nothachrad, -tochratis, ducorastar, dochorastár, tochrastar, rothocair, tochuir, tachair, tochratar, tochradar, tochar, tochuirther, dofocuirther, docuirither, tochradar, docuirter, docuired, tochrad, tuichred, ndichret, tuichret, dofóichred, toichred, docuirfed, tochērat, doceradh, tacerad, dofoicherthar, dindrala, torala, tairle, tarlam, doralus, darolus, tarlus, torlus, tairlius, doralais, fris-tarlais, dusrale, toralae, con-darraile, dorala, tarla, tarlathar, daralsat, doralaighset, doralatar, tarlatar, doralad, duralad, ceta-tarlad, do-t-ralaid, tarlaid, dutárlid, doralta, docuiriur, tochuiriur, tochuirim, docuirethar, dochoirethar, docuiredar, tocuiredar, tócurid, tócuired, tocuirid, docuirifar, dorochurestar, dorochuiristar, rothochurestar, ro-s-tochuir, rothochuir, dorochuirsemmar, rom-tochuirseat, dofocuirther, tocuirfiter, tochuiribthe, tocuiredh, tochuired, rodocuirit, tochur, tochuired, tocuread, do-m-cuirethar, dorala, doscuirither, con-tachrad, tocraid, dorala, dorala, tarla

(* to-cuir-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ), in O.Ir. a deponent vb. used in the senses (1) puts and (2) invites . For the development of meaning (2) see Gaidoz, RC xxiii 91 . In O.Ir. (1) occurs chiefly in 3 s. , often in impers. construction; in subj. and pret. the root la- is used side by side with cuir- and the fut. is supplied by *to-(fo)cherr- (cf. 1 cuirid); in (2) all forms are supplied by *to-cuir-. In later Mid.Ir. *to-cuir- comes to be represented by tochraid (tachraid), treated as a simple vb. and often forming an ē-fut. (see TBC-LL¹ 5707 , Cog. 225.18 = LL 309b3 , Acall. 1137 , Aen. 290 ), while dorala or tarla (the former of which survives as late as the 17th cent.) exists independently in the sense met, happened . The form tachraid may be regarded as a lineal descendant of do-cuirethar, dochuir[id], -tochraid rather than as a distinct denom. vb. formed from the vn. tochur, tachar, the syncopated form (common already in Mid. Ir.) being probably due to the need for distinguishing it from tochuirid invites, in which syncope does not as a rule occur. See GOI § 762 . IGT Verbs § 95 .

Forms.

I In sense puts

(a) Forms from *to-cuir-: Indic. pres. 2 s. docuire, Corm. s.v. taurthait . 3 s. ducuiredar, Thes. ii 19.36 . du-nd-chuirethar, Ml. 35d22 . dochuirethar, BDD 71 . docorethar, 106 . 3 pl. docuiretar, Fianaig. 84 . dochuiret, Metr. Dinds. iii 292 . Ipv. 2 s. tochre, LU 10881 . 2 pl. tocraid, 1486 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do corathar , O'Curry 1999 ( H 4.22 29 ). -tochrathar, Críth G. 418 . -tochra, O'D. 739 ( H 3.17 ( H 3.17, 537 ). dochora, LL 146b . co rathochra , Triads 117 . 3 pl. -dochrat, MacCongl. 99.4 . Impf. 3 s. tochorad, Ml. 44a19 . docorad, BDD 54 . nothachrad, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . 3 pl. -tochratis, RC ix 468.6 . Pret. 3 s. ducorastar, Ml. 52 . dochorastár, LU 5366 (TBC). co tochrastar , IT ii1 184 . rothocair, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tochuir, tachair. 3 pl. tochratar, LL 293b25 . tochradar, BB 33b22 , etc. Pass. pres. s. fora tochar (= tocharr, an archaic form), Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485 ). tarsa tochuirther , Ml. 22c1 . cf. 80b7 and dofocuirther, 18c10 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 301 ). docuirither, Laws i 170 Comm. Ériu ii 120 § 58 , etc. forsa tochradar , BB 330b22 . pl. docuirter, Anecd. v 24 n. 25 . Pass. pret. docuired, PH 7767 . Imr. Brain i 88 . co tochrad , MacCongl. 37.4 .

(b) Forms from to-(fo-)cherr-: Fut. 3 s. ? in (ní?) tuichred , BB 298a24 ( IT iii 15 ). 3 pl. co ndichret , Ml. 44a16 . ? ni tuichret , IT iii 15.4 . Condit. 3 s. dofóichred, Sg. 130b2 . toichred, ZCP i 66 § 113 . Later formations from *to-cuir-: docuirfed, Lec. 458c7 ; tochērat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 , etc. Cf. doceradh, BB 298a25 = tacerad, IT iii 15 (H)?). Pass. fut. dofoicherthar, BDD § 81 .

(c) Forms from *to-ro-la-: Subj. pres. 2 s. dindrala (= dia ndrala?), Bvi 74 ( Thes. ii 37 ). 3 s. torala, Ml. 43b15 . tairle, Ériu iv 24 ( LL 106a ). 1 pl. co tarlam , Fél. Prol. 319 v.l. Perf. 1 s. doralus, Fél. Prol. 15 . darolus, ZCP iv 44.12 . tarlus, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). torlus, SR 1872 . ? tairlius, BS 48.24 . 2 s. doralais, Alex. 946 . fris-tarlais, ZCP iii 206 . 3 s. dusrale, Ml. 23c16 . co toralae , Corm. Y 698 . con-darraile, LL 272b21 . Mid. Ir. dorala, tarla; tarlathar, TBC-LL¹ 2069 . 3 pl. daralsat, LL 169a15 . Cf. doralaighset (they) happened to be, Fl. Earls 188 . doralatar, tarlatar, PH, etc. Pass. perf. s. doralad, Wb. 13d8 , Ml. 14b12 . duralad, 67d9 . ceta-tarlad, LL 515 . do-t-ralaid, SR 1307 . ni tarlaid , 3668 . ? dutárlid, LU 10938 (perh. fr. *to-ad-ro-luid). pl. doralta, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

II In sense invites. Indic. pres. 1 s. docuiriur, Sg. 16b8 . tochuiriur, Thes. ii 357.1 . tochuirim, Corm. Y 77 . 3 s. docuirethar, Sg. 61a7 . dochoirethar, Ml. 29b1 . docuiredar, tocuiredar, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid, FA § 1 . Ipv. 3 s. tócuired, PH 5829 . 2 pl. tocuirid, 5614 . Fut. 1 s. docuirifar, Ml. 3a1 . Perf. 3 s. dorochurestar, Ml. 16c6 . dorochuiristar, 25c13 . ní rothochurestar , 18d16 . ro-s-tochuir, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rothochuir, PH 4413 . 1 pl. dorochuirsemmar, Sg. 6b18 . 3 pl. rom-tochuirseat, CCath. 983 . Pass. pres. s. dofocuirther, Ml. 18c10 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ). Fut. pl. tocuirfiter, PH 4346 . Condit. s. ni tochuiribthe , Ml. 128a2 . Pret. co tocuiredh , BB 10a4 , tochuired; rodocuirit (= rotochuiritt), Cog. 74.8 .

Vn. tochur, tochuired.

I As trans. vb. in personal construction

(a) puts, deposits, places , often used as synonym of do-cuirethar or do-beir: is tre ḟír flathemon docuiredar ildelba muir the sea casts up creatures of divers form, ZCP xi 82 = is tré ḟír flatha ildelba il-míli . . . for tráchtaib téchtaib tochratar are deposited (cast up) on shores, LL 293b25 . di[a] ndrala huait if thou put from thee (gl. tolle), Thes. ii 37 . inna hí batar buthi ar thuus, dusrale fodiad he put them last, Ml. 23c16 . is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 , cf. Ml. 14b12 . in tascair docuirither do tuinn which is deposited by a wave, Laws i 170 Comm. , cf. iv 194 . nech tarsa tochuirther sciath over whom a shield is placed, Ml. 22c1 . ro-tarlait a teinti their fires were placed (i.e. built up), Mer. Uil. 17 . torala Dia ar chēill do degnimu-su may God bring to mind gl. revocetur, Ml. 43b14 . doralus ar m'airi | gréschi occa nguidi, Fél. Prol. 15 . ó doralaim ar m'aire . . . lecca huara (pres. formation based on perf.), AU 877 (poem). tachraid for cēill dāib . . . senscēlai bar muinntire call to mind the traditions of your people, Alex. 191 . Cf. Ériu ii 136 : ar cid aingil nimhe, rosbi crith ┐ uamun intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar cēill (leg. forathmenatar ┐ docuretar . . . when they remember and call to mind). dochurusdar Cond an macamh ar comairci Airt placed under A.'s protection, iii 160 . ducorastar Dia deilb mordraige . . . forsinní Dauid, Ml. 52 . tegdais forsa tochar deg-lí anechtair is placed, Tur. 14 . nocon fetur-sa indat ilgné docuirther in folt fair (lit. different ways [in] which the hair is put on him, cf. RC xxiii 91 ), BDD § 105 . forsa tochratis tonna an mara na héicne, RC ix 418 . go rotochuir [an piast] ainbthine dermair forsan muir, BNnÉ 6 . co tocuir tāmnēll fuirri, RC v 199 . doconnairc . . . prinnsa in dorchuttois . . . da tochrad cét cenn fair there were (lit. had been put) a hundred heads, Aisl. Tond. xiv 1 . focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta . . . co ttochradh an muirgrian iochtarach for úachtar an mara, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 . cia dám . . . ceta-tarlad for hErend? was first landed, LL 515 . nir tocrad Cessair for rig o sein amach no king was styled Caesar, Lec. 300b49 = ni rotocrad, 304a46 . co ndichret a ndruim fria naimtea will turn their back, Ml. 44a16 , cf. 44b19 . tocraid for ndrommand fri fraigid uli, LU 1486 . dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind it has turned its left side to us, TBC-I¹ 1192 (perh. impers.). cléirchin fris tarlais tinne `to whom thou hast shown stiffness', ZCP iii 208 . ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud glēid frisin coin mōir should not have engaged in fight with, TBC-I¹ 1228 . do-curead cath Ruis F. re Nemed, Lec. 357b2 . rofich cath Naisi fri hEochaid . . . iar cath Chomair fri hEochaid n-eolach trén doralad, 592a26 (cf. do-beir cath). domchurithar Dia isinn abainn, Imr. Brain ii 292 . gidbead dochuirear-sa deit isin dig, nā hob a ōl whatever I put into thy draught, Lec. 155b27 . toichredh a chenn 'sa chuithe he used to plunge his head, ZCP i 66 . rangabusa in n-éicni . . . darolus i lláim na hingine, TBFr. 342 . co ndaralastar (leg. -ralatar) na halma i talmain a chorp the herds trampled his body into the ground, TBC-LL¹ 2056 = gur cuirsit, St. cid ar dotralaid hi cacht? why hast thou been put into durance?, SR 1307 . is i cruinne dorraladh cach dūil . . . is i torachta chruinne doralta na nime, Ériu ii 106 . doscorad (duscorat, v.l.) a triur isin muir plunge into the sea (reflex.), RC ix 460 . is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni the fault you have brought against us, Alex. 946 = Anecd. v 5 . feib leir donralaid do nim | missi ┐ tussu, SR 1787 . conab-torlus a Phardus that I have put you out of Paradise, 1872 . con-dacuired dar cenn was overturned, SG 316 . con-daralsat é 'n-a ágib (i.e. tore him asunder), LL 169a15 .

(b) deposits, produces, brings forth: crann . . . docuiridar tri toraid cacha bliadne, Ériu ii 116 . nói cuill Chrimaill . . . dochuiret tall fon tiprait `drop their fruits', Metr. Dinds. iii 292 (docuredh, tocuread, v.l. perh. pret. pass. have been set, planted round). ba hinund brú rothocair | Fothad ┐ cóelChuirrech the same womb bore, 234 .

(c) throws, casts, sends: tochrae uait cast it from you, TBC-I¹ 1557 (LU) = tochra, YBL. docuire urchar úait, Corm. s.v. taurthait = focheirdi, Corm. Y 1229 . Cf. IT iii 16 § 37 . ni tharlus dom chirt | urcur anfis, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). dochorastair Dochae ga for Fiachaid, TBC-I¹ 2110 . a arat dia tochuirther the distance from which it is shot, Ml. 80b7 . fochres [a c[h]end] isin mBrudin . . . ┐ dorralad eiste, BDD² 1405 . dochorastar echlacha uada, Anecd. iii 65 . dochuiretar sut a comuirli chugat-sa send thee their decision, Fianaig. 84 . docuredh Conall for a lurg, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . docuirethar bedc throws, i.e. makes a start, bound: docuridar bedg de fodes starts off southwards, RC iii 176 . doscuiret[h]ar bedc as fa thuaid, IT ii1 175 . tathchuireathar bedg ar a ceand, BDD² 357 . tacurethar, YBL = docuirethar, Eg. = ta-cuirethar beadg ón tig, 645 . toschuirther beadc a Tracht F. they make a start from, 620 (the constr. here suggests that `beadc' is either nom. or else adverbial accus., the vb. being used impersonally). dochuirethar bedg anís, LL 281b13 ( GJ v 64 ). Cf. foceird b., ZCP viii 104.z .

II As trans. vb. in impers. constr. folld. by prep. phrase or other complement of pred., e.g. do-m-cuirethar lit. it puts me (in a place, condition, etc.), i.e. I happen to be (come). This construction is esp. common with the perf. dorala (tarla) and continues into the Mod. Ir. period.

(a) Of rest: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened to be winter, Trip.² 112 . focheirdi erchor uait . . . Docuirethar obonn anmannae ar a chind an animal chances suddenly to be in its way, Corm. Y 1229 (docuirither, LB). dī ōene sechtmaine . . . feib docorathar ind recht | do neoch las mbē nert as it is (laid down) in the law (?), ZCP xiii 29 . dia tarla Cond C. ┐ Eogan T. i comflaithis fo Erind, RC xvi 136 ( Dinds. 132 ). gon domrala crechtach ngarb so that I am wounded, TBC-LL¹ 2338 . cona-tarla faen so that he fell prostrate, Mór M. 267 . nach n-esconn rotmblaisi . . . dorala inna chunn slān became sane, Ériu ii 116 . ó domrala il-ligi leóin, ZCP vi 263 . co na-tarlai ina ṡuidi so that he fell on his haunches, LL 272b21 . dorala in tech ina ráithsechaib briathar, FB § 29 . ro-imthigset i frithsēt Grēg co nustarla tul fri tul i medhon in ṡéta, BB 419a35 . is and dosralai sede tunc, ic Ross na ferta she chanced to be at, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). bái mesca mór for Ulto . . . Docuiridar immarbága móra . . . eturro there arise, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 . Cf. further: ni chuincem colcthi . . . acht in talam cona sraith trit nó lomm amal docuirether (leg. docuirethar) covered with grass or bare as it may happen to be, Alex. 874 = Anecd. v 3 .

(b) Folld. by prep. denoting motion: doscuirethar as co trāig in baile, IT ii1 178 ; 'they set out' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 100 § 20 . conacca . . . dorrala inna huili fiadmila asin fidbaid that all the wild animals had come out of the wood, TBC-I¹ 3108 . domrala don áith I came to the kiln, Fél. p. 12 . dosrala do Dún na mbarc they came to, LL 4b33 . inis diandorala iar n-imram, Anecd. i 53 . toscuirethar dochom tíre they come to land, BDD § 55 . con-domrala dochum slúaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 120 . nirbo chian . . . condarraile (leg. dasraile) dochum indsi till they happened on, LL 283a21 . doluid in gilla . . . conusstarla dochum thopuir till he chanced upon a well, RC xxiv 196 . dotrala f[o] aineolass thou art ignorant, ZCP xiii 3 . [a]n du[c]uiredar bissext for nói kl. when bisext falls on . . ., BCr. 32c10 ( Thes. ii 19 ). fēil docuiredar for Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 135 , cf. intan doscuirither-si for áin, LB 9b10 (pass. ?). rocloenad a thech, con-datarla for a lethbeolu so that it inclined to one side, FB § 25 . ind eclas i tarla grada for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). dogní Neide glām ndicend dō, co toralae teorae bulgae for a gruadaibh, Corm. Y 698 . docorastar cess ┐ huamhon for na slúagho gloom and fear fell upon the hosts, Ériu ii 100 . co tarla a dí bond bána fair (he fell) with upturned soles, MU² 987 (LU). dichetal for ochtraig, co rathochra a mbi ina íchtur for a úachtar all that is below comes to the top, Triads 117 . dorala ana mbui . . . a n-íchtar an loch[a] co raibi forúachtar, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . co tarla ind ní bāi ina hichtar co mbōi for a hōachtor, Anecd. ii 57 . con-tachrad cach ní nobith a n-ichtur na fairrgi 'na fuachtur, Lec. 569a7 = gu tocraid , BB 40b8 (pret. pass. instead of the impers. constr.). con-dasrala for combáig comimrama they began to race each other in rowing, LL 235a20 . doscuridar iarum for a rith cētnai they resume their course, Ériu ii 126 . documlaiset for fairgi ┐ docorastar a lūi fri tir their stern was turned to shore, Corm. Y 1059 . feib donrala fri comrád as we have fallen into conversation, SR 1214 . fri tala ind ríg . . . domrala tria tinninas I have crossed the king's will through my hastiness, 6188 , cf. 6013 . ní rádi ní tri thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it'), Ml. 35d22 . cia dotochra a robaegal though thou fall into great danger, BCC § 348 (poem). docuiredar cach ai i tuaim alaile each of them comes into another's place (of three currents meeting in a whirlpool), Corm. Y 323 = docuirither, LB. dotrala i mbeirn baegail, TBC-I¹ 2648 . dotrala ind, RC vi 183 . doscuiredar i cess they fall into sadness, Ériu ii 112 . darrala tar romuir who came over the great sea, Fél. Dec. 8 (darralad, doralaid, donralad, v.l.). focheird rout n-urchair din liathróit, conastarla dar gincraes a bragat dond archoin so that it went past the watchdog's gullet, TBC-LL¹ 1025 . na cōic mnā nostachair tra | maraen ria n-athair suna came here together with their father, BB 408b16 . atnaid id im choiss indaro fi(u)r . . . Docuirethar iarum ina deguid aitherruch (the withe) comes back after him, i.e. springs off (?), RC x 214 .

Later with indep. pron.: co tarla co Beind E. hí she came to, Ériu iii 152 . co ttarla é go Magh Line, BS 104 . tarlu go teach Laidchinn é, Keat. ii 6282 . co tarla Cormac ┐ isi ar oentaig fo cleith, Lec. 366b25 . lucht in feruinn cusa tárla é (of one cast on shore), Laws i 204 Comm. dorala he (Cain) a mbroind Euba in tan do thomail int uball was conceived, Lec. 385a20 ; ? cf. ba hé tatharla inna broind, IT i 139 (LU) = is he tathlai it bruinn, Eg. dusrala iad a n-ailén aili, RC xxvi 138 . mar dorala a n-imfhoixe chomraic na Fraingce íad as they approached the frontier, Fl. Earls 30 . rothimchill cach a chēle dīb . . . ┐ dorala 'n-a comracaib iad they engaged in combat, Celt. Rev. x 314 . ó tharla gan chroidhe dho é seeing he hath no heart to it, Proverbs xvii 16 . durson damsa . . . na mígníma sin do dēnam dam, gid tre anfhis ┐ aneolus dorala iat they have come to pass, Celt. Rev. vii 116 .

(c) do-m-cuirethar do (ar, fri) lit. it puts me to (on, towards), hence I meet, come upon, come across: docuirethar Banba doib i Sleibh M., Leb. Gab.(i) 250 (possibly pers. constr.). docuiridar simind dóib, RC xxvi 10 (LL). conustarla do díb latrandib he met two robbers, Lat. Lives 90 . tarrla ríg Laighen dóibh, Imr. Brain i 66 . co tarla do sē meic dēg Amalgaid, Lec. 124b26 . tarla dhóib a n-esgcaraid, SG 8 . tárla dh'a chéile iat, ML 16 . tarla da chēli . . . clanna Neill ┐ clanna Chaeman, Lec. 171b41 . ni tharla dia muinntir badēin é, Fl. Earls 28 . go ttárla Carbre ┐ rígh bhfear gC. air a chēile, CF 276 (Eg.). go dtarla é ré moghaibh came upon slaves, Keat. iii 2146 . In reciprocal sense: conustarla do Meidb ┐ do Thindi M. and T. met, Ériu ii 178 . tarla do and ┐ d'Adhamhnan, BB 233b3 . co tarla dō ┐ do Dairi ingen Cathair, 6 . dorala do Césair féin ┐ do lucht innsi Bretain C. and the people . . . encountered each other, CCath. 182 . batar maic Miled bliadain i comrige . . . co tarla doib im na trib druimnib until they quarrelled about, Lec. 30b4 . dorala dam arair fri muintir C. I had a quarrel with, MacCongl. 53 . Cf. further: dorala fri Connacht co mór, ōir do marbsat-som a brāithri he was in feud with C., ZCP i 103 , where the construction may be personal (as in III (b) below).

(d) do-cuirethar form (dul, etc.), lit. it puts on me, hence it is incumbent on me, I must: docorastar fair dul do acallaim na hingine it behoved him (?), TBFr. 13 (but perh. pers. constr. `he took upon himself', Gloss.). docorustair fair techt a Manaind, Corm. Y 1059 . co tarla fair techt i n-ailithre (of Colum C.), Lec. 369b9 .

(e) do-cuirethar etarru they fall out, quarrel: cēin co tochra etraibh fein until you quarrel, BNnÉ 90 . tachair eter na mnaibh, ib. darala eturru ic imbert ḟidchilli ┐ Fergus F. and he quarrelled, LL 103b39 . dorala eturru ┐ Munramar, Ériu i 124 . dorala etorra ┐ clann ócc iarla D., AFM v 1718 . 1874 . dorala itir Luicet ┐ Aed . . . isin chath engaged each other, RC v 197 . go tarrla iter Aichlech ┐ Oedh B. gur fersat comlann fria chēli, Fianaig. 94 . go tarla itir in ríg ┐ in rígain, SG 250 . co tarla eatorro im na tri ndromandaib, BB 42b34 = co tarla doib, Lec. 30b4 . tarrla eturru immon n-es, Acall. 7286 . conad impi sein tarla eturru, LL 242a40 .

III During the Mid. Ir. period, when the infixed pron. began to lose its significance, do-cuirethar and esp. the perf. dorala came to be regarded as an intrans. vb. in personal construction in sense of happens to be (come); it is, however, impossible to decide whether the vb. is pers. or impers. in the sing. except in cases where the accompanying noun has distinct forms for nom. and accus.

(a) Of rest, condition: bid hé dochorad and, BDD § 66 YBL = comad he notocrad and, Eg. = co mbad sé nobeth and, LU; ib. § 54 . ní tharla bó isin recleis ind inbhaid sin, Lat. Lives 72 . ní faca riamh abhann ann, ┐ ó tharla an abhann ann, as greama mur tharrla in droichid tairsi as the river is there, it is well there is a bridge across it, Imr. Brain i 64 . is ann dorála in rí ind uair sin, fó bun darach, SG 413 . an eich dorala foa on which he was mounted, AFM vi 2216 . tug . . . urchor do cloich tarla ina láimh which chanced to be in his hand, iv 788 . dorala ambassadóir righ S. sa gcathraigh in tan sin, Fl. Earls 22 . tarla an uair sin duine uasal . . . i bpríosún ag an bprionnsa, Keat. iii 5027 . tarla an tan soin neach cumhachtach 'n-a bhíodhbhadh ag C., ii 4847 . dorala ben an oirchinnigh ag gabail secha . . ., BS 50 . is ann doralae Onchu mac S. marb sechtmain reimhe O. had happened to die a week before, BColm. 46 . doralatar in dā hapstail [déc] uile i n-oen tegdais, PH 5560 . tarladar ceathrar do chloinn C. 'n-a ngiallaibh ag Niall, Keat. ii 5956 . tarladar triúr mac aige he had three sons, 4844 . do chidhfedh mar tharla an tír he would see the country's plight, O'Gr. Cat. 466 .

(b) With prep., etc., denoting motion: is annsin dorala Becuma amach ar an ḟaithche chanced to come out, Ériu iii 162 . ised dorala anair he came from the east, RC xiii 379 . co tacradh ass a bhiadh cōir do chāch, IT iii 188 . co tocraitis asa tíribh do décsain . . . crotha Hectoir they would have come, TTr.² 1091 . doluid A. for iarraid usci ┐ dorala cosin tobur cétna, RC xxiv 198 . dia tarla sí cusin mbandtrebthaig, IT i 48 . ni thacēra d'iarmēirge, Cog. 225 (LL) = ni ticfa don ērmēirge, 10 . araili ailitir dorala do Toirinis, Todd Nenn. 212 . rosirius Magh Fáil . . . tairlius do Cill Uí S., BS 48 . docurethar in lia forru anair the stone lights on them, TBC-I¹ 1415 (LU). doleig side in gae bulgae . . . co tochrastar annuass for a chathbarr, IT ii1 184 . dorala menma Faelain fuirri, RC xxvii 262 . dorála menma a mátha(i)r uirre, RC xxix 120 . conidh hí comairle forsa tarrla the plan he hit upon, CCath. 1378 (perh. impers.). (With reflex. pron.) dosraladar for merugud they began to wander astray, RC xxiv 196 = SG 328 . is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid dochora il-lén when he falls into misfortune, LL 146b38 ( PRIA xix 544 ). lēicid C. in gae fair . . . conid anuas docorastar (tocorastar, LU) in-a mullach, TBC-I¹ 1296 . Cf. 3664 . docoras[tar] casal di nim i n-ucht Pátraic, Trip.² 1228 (impers.?). rotheilg L. in ngai . . . co tarlai il-Laeg, RC iii 178 . tharla tuagh Bhrodair i gceann Bhriain, Ériu i 88 . tus in tochrad i m-aigid to see whether she would meet me, Aen. 626 . dochear Lugaid Riabnderg do chumaid a mna . . . ┐ man a claidem fodein dorala he fell on his own sword (?), Lec. 588a43 . cia tochra int espach eturru though the onlooker should come between them, Laws ii 294 Comm.

(c) Folld. by DO (also AR, FRI) meets, comes upon, falls in with (in some of the follg. exx. the earlier meaning of the vb., not that of an intrans. vb. of motion, is still apparent): dogabh ag luamhairecht an curaigh co tarrla oilen ingnadh dō, Ériu iii 156 . docuir Nae an colum da fis an faighbeadh talamh . . . ┐ tarla dō an talumh ina roibhe, etc., Lib. Flav. i 10a30 . docurastar dam lethbarghen cruithnechta ┐ ordu ēisc = I found, got, RC x 90 (perh. impers.). tarla int ailen-sa ar A., ZCP ii 298 . docuiridar Bricriu dóib forsind ḟaithche, LL 186a42 = RC xxvi 12 . tachraid bocht dó ar in conair, Lism. L. 4305 (docuirethar, v.l.). tús . . . in taichēradh dō aen duine, Aen. 290 . dorala dam forsin sét mo choimdiu Ísu, PH 1892 . doralai dias fer n-arsatai dóib, SG ii 467 . co tarla do in bantrebtach, Hy. v 73 Comm. ( Thes. ii 345 ). co ttarla ben-gheilt dó ann, BS 108 . do bhrígh nach dtárla dhamh mo dhearbráthair T., 2 Cor. ii 13 . dochuir Banba doib, Lec. 28a30 . do-ralatar a námaitt dó, BColm. 94 . tarladur na trí righdha so da chéle, ZCP ii 38 . is mairg ar a tocherat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 . tárla bean air, Proverbs vii 10 . go dtarladar trí mic C. orra, Keat. ii 1300 ; 1273 . amail doraladar forsin topur, RC xxiv 202 . dorála a chos fri cloich, SG 403 . tárla trócaire ┐ fírinne ré chéile, Psalms lxxxv 10 . do mharbhsat gach a dtarla riú do lucht an bhaile, Keat. iii 5242 . doraladar a triur frisin n-uasal, YBL 191a16 . go dtarladar ladrainn ris, TSh. 1450 .

(d) With FRI encounters, opposes (this use is spec. frequent with the late form tachraid): roḟācaib [Fiacha] a clanna dia ēis . . . do thochar ria Padraic . . . ┐ ni tharla neach aile do cloind Ḟiachach fris acht Fothad F. amain, Lec. 143a37 . ni thagraim leat, a L., | ná re Tadg ré dtarlabhair with whom you are engaged in dispute, Content. xi 15 . mairg thochras ri clērchib cell, LL 149b26 = thochrus fri, SG 70 , 78 . gach nech tochrus ré rí[g] réil, Fianaig. 80 . tachraid re chele, Caithr. CC 52 . ba tresi nā gach trēn rotac[h]rad fris, BB 488b24 . baoi do mhéd a mhenman . . . go ttochairfedh friú, AFM v 1766 . ēcoir d'Fathod tachair frim . . . | ní do deoin Luighdech Meic Con | do thaichérad frim Fathod, Acall. 1137 . gomtis ionchatha ┐ co ttochraitis friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 144 . i mbeilgibh bélchumhgaibh i ttoc[h]raittís re aroile, AFM vi 2112 .

(e) With DO falls to the lot of, happens to, befalls (rarely in this sense with infd. dat. pron. instead of do): nachustarla anfaitchess may negligence never come upon them, BColm. 50 . dorala cōir gāithi doib fochedoir, Lec. 569a25 . co tarla anfud mór doib, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). co tarla doib imsreang curad (i.e. they engaged in struggle), Lec. 352a44 . Fiacha Fear dā liach . . . .i. liach do cach echt dorala do, 337b42 . cia imned dorala duib?, ACL iii 225 . dorala gnim n-ingnad do he happened to do a strange thing, Ériu v 114 . o tharla dhuit an gním olc, SG 29 . gia nothachrad écht dó, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . cia and do ná tochradar | bét no bine nó baeghul?, ZCP iv 468 . do Chonall dorala imdegail in chóicid it fell to C. to guard, TBC-I¹ 592 LU. rolaesead dā mac Miled crandchar iar sin forsan aes dāna .i. file ┐ cruitire . . . do Erimon dorala in file, BB 42b13 . certar crandchor léo dūs cia do thoc[h]radh dul . . . Dochuir (dofuit, v.l.) son don tres comalta, RC x 78 . rolaset chrandchor . . . conid don dull dorala tec[h]t sis, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). is ann dorala dosom a denam, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 298 ). is grad epscuip dorala do epscop Mél do thabairt for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). condarala di turgnom catha Findchorad she happened to be preparing for, Ériu ii 184 . as ag an mbile sin dorala do Dhomhnall do ueith, BS 16 . dia tochrad dó Hectoir do thuitim leis, TTr.² 973 . as maith tarrla dúind an chailleach do marbudh it is well for us that we have killed, Imr. Brain i 65 . dorala do B. beith ag saigdeoracht, Todd Nenn. 38 . is amlaid dorala do C. beith ┐ ingen alaind aici in tan sin C. happened to have a beautiful daughter, Lec. 168b16 . condusrala do Meidb dola co Boind, Ériu ii 178 . dorala intan sin do M. condacaid aislingi, ACL iii 10 . tarla dona beachuibh co ndeachadur . . ., Ériu ii 82 . tarla do beirt saighdiuir go ndechator astech i n-aroile egluis, Fl. Earls 60 .

(f) Hence in general sense of comes to pass, happens, takes place (chiefly in perf. dorala, tarla). With noun as subj. often in sense of there was , or in impers. constr. with inf. phrase or subord. sent.: forcaemnacair (.i. tarla), ACL iii 10 . in tan dorala in scēl-sa and when this event took place, PH 46 . cethracha rig dorala frisrohicad borama | o aimsir Thuathail . . . there were forty kings, Lec. 40b28 (perh. rather to be referred to II (a) = dorala cethrachait r.). ní tharla il-leitrib na lāidib . . . aen-triar ban neither in books nor songs is found a trio, 395a13 (II (a)?). go ttárla sneachta mór fán am sin ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tárla méad meanman na bhfoireann ar gcriothnughadh na long the courage of the crew was aroused, ML 46 . tarla iomchaineadh . . . eitir M. ┐ mhnáoi oile a dispute arose, BS 142 . tarla imressan eturru, Acall. 2717 . an ferand fa tharla imresuin adrum-sa ┐ C., BCC 179 . darala debaigh mor etarru, YBL 164b10 . tohruid (sic) frithnois fuigill etorro an altercation arises, Cog. 142 = tohraid (sic) frithnos, 144 . gidh bedh tochrus do bar comhrag-si whatever be the issue of your combat, Aen. 2968 (= quo res cumque cadent, Aeneid xii 203 ). maith tharla it is well, Keat. ii 4725 . dorala . . . Gortigernd mac G. do gabail airdrigi Breatan, Todd Nenn. 74 . amal dorala na dūile do chumscugud oc cēsad Crist, PH 1078 . dorala conid si sein aimser . . . (= contigit quod), Lat. Lives 5 . dorala co ndechsat immach (= casu accidit ut . . .), 76 . conid tairle co n-ebarthar mac ríg frim mac may it come to pass that, Ériu iv 24 . gé tharla gur fhōbair . . ., Fl. Earls 68 . dorala iar n-ég Gorthemuir . . . doronsat Saxain meabail for B., Todd Nenn. 102 .

IV Invites, summons (this sense may have arisen out of the meaning puts in cases where the vb. was folld. by co): gl. adsciscere, Ml. 25c13 , Sg. 6b18 , 16b8 , 61a7 ; arcessere, Sg. 184a2 ; citare, Ml. 3a1 ; exciere, 16c6 , 18d6 ; invitare, 29b1 , O'Mulc. 527 ; postulare, Corm. Y 77 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert-so fri cech nert I summon today all those powers (put . . . between me and?), Hy. vi 48 ( Thes. ii 357 ). docuirethar cétna persan sin persana aili chucae takes other persons to it, Sg. 191a2 . docuiredar gōi, inairben fīr; tocuiredar ēcert, inarben cert, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid [in comdiu] dochum nimi chuci lucht na deirce, FA 1 (LU). tocuirid na sualchi, dichurid na dualchi, PH 5614 , cf. 4992 - 5 . intí is cendais . . . tócuired in fergach co mín (= revocet), 5829 . muna tocuirit fein chuca iat, Laws v 458 Comm. rotochuir an tír chucca, Hugh Roe 36 . rostochuir ┐ rostiomairg fine Gaoidil, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rotocuirisdair G. cuice dā druid dēg, Todd Nenn. 90 . romtochuirseat ina ndocum, CCath. 983 . tochuirter iatt gusin gcaislēn, Fl. Earls 70 . co tocuiredh Eoin . . . ó Ispís ad Bathmos, BB 10a4 . rotochuiredh do a brathair, LL 402b52 . rotocuiret dia indsaighidh a slōigh, 404b39 . rodocuirit (ro tochuiritt, v.l.) Dailcais uli cucu, Cog. 74 .

dol, dola

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dol, dola or dil.ie/17988

 

x see 1 dul, dula.

1 do-lá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-lá or dil.ie/17989

 

Forms: díl

v (*di-la-) puts away, expels, rejects: co nderlat a ngradh maice `until they have put off their status of childhood', Ériu xii 8 § 7 . ar ba mac dormaine nad arlat con derlad until he was sent away, ZCP xv 320 § 13 . mac na mna druithi diluither a nucht na hanfine, O'D. 953 ( H 3.17 667 ). nos . . . is fastaighthi arin lion ro bui ga dhenam e go ro diluit uile dibh é . . . connegaid a dichur dib, O'Curry 2279 ( Eg. 88, 20 (21)d ). dola fír na fír .i. dilathar as é do réir firinne uair is anfír do beith aga agra, 2410 (32 (33)b) = do la fír nanbfír, 1085 ( H 3.18 444a). dila bes innraic cid uaiti .i. dilaid a luigi inti bes innraca ann cid he bes uaiti im lucht fira, 1194 (475b) `i.e. the oath of the man of better character repels that of his antagonist, though he may have fewer compurgators', Plummer MS. notes. ar dilat secht ngraid eclasa for secht ngraduibh tuaithe prevail over (?), O'D. 1640 ( H 5.15 19a ) = ar dolaat, 851 ( H 3.17 604 ). discharges, remits (debts, etc.): nocho lenann feith (= feich) eile don fer . . . ma dia ndilaither de é fo aethaib, O'Curry 2091 ( H 4.22 72b ). a tuidme fri cinaid dia nderlaither, Laws i 90.z . dillathar .i. ícar, 94.5 Comm. Cf. is i a forngabail . . . dia no toerlaither, v 256.y .i. dia ndilaither di, 258.x Comm. dona derluidh dil .i. co na caomnacar a diludh de, O'Curry 2400 ( Eg. 88, 31 (32)b ). ní díbhann a laneneclann um nech co nerla dlighedh impa, O'D. 896 ( H 3.17 643) = co ndearla, O'Curry 1131 ( H 3.18 452b ). Cf. derla .i. dilsiugud . . . ut est nade doenachta derla, O'Dav. 618 . derla .i. deghailt no dealugud, ut est issed in seised rath insin na derlaither la Fene, 676 . Vn. díl. Cf. díchuirid, dílaid.

duible

Cite this: eDIL s.v. duible or dil.ie/19076

 

n (duibell) precipitate speed, panic (?): [cuilén con] do dhul uadha for duibhle ┐ dásacht, FDG 30 v.l. = a dul for duibhle ┐ dasacht, MR 8 . ic dola ar dibla ┐ ar dásacht, 200 . Cf. dible, doible.

1 dul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dul or dil.ie/19189
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: daul, doul, dol, dula, dola, dol, dula, dola, dula, dola, dulta, dolta, dul, dol, dula, dola

vn. of 1 téit. daul, Mon. Tall. 136.2 , 146.17 . doul, TFerbe 14 Eg. ( IT iii 549 ). dol (freq.). g s. dula, Wb. 5b29 . dola , Keat. iii 1966 . dol (ar omun d.¤ ), ACL iii 233.4 (nom. for gen.). In later lang. also dula, dola : a s. dula, SR 1395 , 2393 , 6088 ( dúla, 3505 ); TBC-I¹ 1487 , 2416 , 2425 , 2474 ; TBC-LL¹ 4127 ; PH 446 , 2527 , etc.; dola , LL 7317 ; Ériu ii 178.25 . g s. dulta, TSh. 6975 ; Eochairsg. 4.32 . dolta, TSh. 866 . dul dol m., IGT Decl. § 95 . dula dola m., § 2 . Verbs § 8 .

Going, to go , of motion in general; in O.Ir. used beside 1 techt as vn. of 1 téit; in later lang. replaces 1 techt, which gradually comes to mean coming (cf. SR 6119 : im dul r[e]ut . . . no thecht ar cúl dorise).

I In O.Ir. with obj. gen., representing trans. use of 1 téit: do dul martre to go to martyrdom, Wb. 4b21 . Cf. 26d8 . do dul báis, 16a3 . Cf. also: gan bas do dul, Lec. 346b31 . ré fer ná ré mnái dá dhul | ní gabtar int aracul against man or woman that seeks to enter it the retreat is never closed, SG 245 .

II Later always intrans. with subj. gen. or more oft. with DO of agent.

(a) In lit. sense: rop ḟerr léo dola lé andas airisem, LL 221b32 ( TTr. 334 ). tri d.¤ isna lucu arda going into high places, Ml. 23d23 . d.¤ for sét, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 299 ). d.¤ for insib mara, ib. d.¤ dar muir, Hy. ii 8 Comm. ( Thes. ii 310 ). d.¤ ar astar to go on a journey, BS 106 . ar ndol tar sáile, 30 . oc dula do chath, Ériu ii 130 . im dula isin comruc, TBC-I¹ 2146 . d.¤ i céin, SR 6186 . d.¤ i nEgept, 3796 . ba ferr lim dola i n-a dail | indas a ndail mná baithe I had rather go to meet it, IT iii 16 . ic d.¤ ar a ech mounting his horse (riding ?), Cog. 144 . d.¤ for ar múraibh to scale our ramparts, CCath. 1678 . With subj. gen.: far nd.¤ co nem, SR 1095 (= d.¤ dúib for neam, MacCarthy 48 ). ba n-espa do chach d.¤ int slógaid the setting out of the foray, TBC-I¹ 164 (on the foray ?). atbert G. a ndola na teachta ar cenn milead that the ambassadors should go for soldiers, Todd Nenn. 84 . dislocatio .i. d.¤ baild as a ionadh, 3 C 19, 46rb25 . ar nd.¤ gilla ar chúiltib clúim, IGT Decl. ex. 688 .

(b) With extension of meaning act of proceeding, setting about (doing something), entering (on a state), and in various fig. senses: d.¤ dochumm na bethad suthaine, PH 7296 . d.¤ i mbás, 402 ; Laws v 296.16 . d.¤ for cel to die, SR 2095 . do daul do ēcaib, Mon. Tall. 146 . ic dol fria bás, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 n. Isu Crist . . . do dh.¤ for recht n-imdibe, PH 5641 . in fer leginn do d.¤ a n-espucoidecht, Laws i 58 Comm. d.¤ isan Eagluis to enter the Church (take orders), Donlevy 336 . senoir aesta ac d.¤ i n-aibid oifrinn donning , Grail 3395 . d.¤ a ndealbaib con, RC xxiv 174 . go d.¤ don fíon fa berbadh till the wine begins to boil, 24 P 32, 177.15 . bágaim mo d.¤ dia labrad I proclaim that I am going to speak of them, Metr. Dinds. iii 330 . Of things: crich do d.¤ for in forbann rechtaide, PH 3450 . go feadh an dísle do dh.¤ till the time of the dice going, i.e. till the game begins (?), KMMisc. 246 . In impers. constr.: na mnā bīos torrach ag dol chum an earraigh when spring is drawing on, 23 K 42, 31.17 . In Laws act of going as pledge, forfeit, etc.: d.¤ risin ní ro cotaimsiged to go security for the thing which was fixed, iv 34 Comm. (cf. dul fri cath to go security for battle, Triads 235 ). gach cin dogni duine . . . is a dh.¤ féin inn mana bé éiric oca he himself goes for it (i.e. becomes forfeit?), Laws iv 250 Comm. is a nd.¤ a fiachuibh in fechemun (the animals) shall go to liquidate the debt, ii 4.7 Comm. , cf. 9 . in mór do d.¤ ar in mbec that the much should go (to pay) for the little, SG 401 . d.¤ ar ríg to go security for a king, Triads 235 .

(c) In combination with prepp. or advbs. in a variety of idioms: With AR: ar ndol aige ar a dtreabhaibh | do roinn Brian ar Gaoidhealaibh when he got hold of their dwellings, Content. v 74 . With abstr. noun: d.¤ ar neifní vanishing , O'Gr. Cat. 254 . ic dola ar dible ┐ ar dásacht, MR 200 .

With AS going out, exit: ma d.¤ asin (sic leg.) drochcolaind, ACL iii 240 § 38 . go maireann drithle gan d.¤ as without being extinguished, O'Gr. Cat. 473 . Escaping: Niall do d.¤ ass a niort a gaisccidh, AFM iii 452 . gur fíu sibh d.¤ as ó na neithibh-si uile atá chum teachda, Luke xxi 36 . Dying: nochar gabh céile mur Cathal | Eire ar ndol a athar as, KMMisc. 170 . See (d) below.

With CO cohabiting: d.¤ co fer, Lism. L. 1338 ; O'Dav. 746 . in daer, masa bean saer fuil aice, ata eneclann do a n[d]ul cuici is entitled to honour-price for another's cohabiting with her, Laws v 514 Comm. Bennán . . . romarb Ibel mac M. i nd.¤ co a mnai, SG ii 480 .

With DE: ced an chuirp . . . fuair an t-eslan gan dol de | ó coimhthional na cille the sick man got permission (to touch the saint's) body without any reservation (revoke?), BNnÉ 277 . Diocletian . . . is Maximen . . . cia rostairned ria nd.¤ de though they were abased ere they went hence (i.e. died?), Lec. 47b49 . ag sin do chruth ar ndol díot you have lost your beauty, Dánta Gr. 11.12 .

With DO: buiden do bochtaibh | ag dol do ghorta gan biadh, BNnÉ 149 . gé atú ar ndol do ghorta overcome with hunger, Duan. F. i 86 (in these exx. possibly do = de, with dul = to die, perish , see below). mo náire a dhol dod dhíoghbháil that it should harm thee, Dánta Gr. 39.20 .

With FO: dol fona grádaib coiserctha to take holy orders, RC xii 324 . d.¤ fo gradaib, Hy. ii Pref . d.¤ fo graid n-ep[s]coip, Mon. Tall. 134 . d.¤ fo láim n-epscoip to be confirmed (?), Ériu i 218 . d.¤ fāi na grēine sunset , Ir. Astr. Tr. 4 . fuinedh, d.¤ faoi, Eg. Gl. 319 . Attacking, falling on: ac faicsin di in mic thíre ac dulu (leg. -a?) fó na caerib, SG 391 . d.¤ fúinne nír bhfheirde a chiall | go raibhe a fhios ag Uilliam | nách díghealuinn m'fhíoch nó m'fholc, 3 C 13, 802.11 .

With FRI turning to, taking up (an occupation, etc.): truag . . . do dol re dán alas that thou tookest to the bardic art, O'Gr. Cat. 361 . go raibh mórán diobh ag dul re díomhaoinios, PCT 1145 . ? cred nach n-aithninn a chúl cas | do dhul re[a] mhaicne do mheas, Rel. Celt. ii 242 .

With I N- act of entering on (a state); tending to, becoming (esp. folld. by an abstr.): dol a tuarustul to enter military service (take pay), Cog. 50 . do d.¤ i seilbh chóroine na Sacsan, Keat. iii 5385 . an creideamh do dh.¤ i mbáthadh, 5492 . in doman do dh.¤ a ṅdíth air, PH 7583 . nirb' ail les a subaltaidhe d'foillsiughadh . . . d'ecla a nd.¤ a nglóir dimhain dó lest they should lead him to vainglory, BCC § 395 . dón droing bís ag d.¤ a n-esláinti, O'Gr. Cat. 200 . do d.¤ a n-eitice to fall into consumption, 270 . d.¤ a gcnaoi (id.), 3 C 19, 18ra23 . da raibh . . . in t-inad ar nd.¤ a ufistula if the spot has become ulcerated; 115vb13 . ag d.¤ a ttirma becoming dry, 90va13 . ag d.¤ a ngiri getting shorter , Ir. Astr. Tr. 86 . Rarely folld. by pl.: bai an t-iarla . . . acc dol i ndaoinibh diaidh i ndiaidh gaining more and more people (adherents), AFM vi 2082 .

With Ó act of escaping from: muna caemnacar d.¤ uad cin a marbu, Laws v 148 Comm. ní bhfuil d.¤ agam ó'n éag, Oss. vi 56 . ó nach bhféadaim d.¤ ón mbás, Dánta Gr. 42.19 .

With TAR act of going beyond, exceeding, transgressing: miosúr maith . . . ag d.¤ thairis running over , Luke vi 38 . cen dula dar séis no smacht, SR 2393 . a dula . . . darm' thimna (of Adam), 1395 . In sense of dul as: gan d.¤ tairis ag aonduine without escape for anyone from it (death), TSh. 2696 .

With TRE: dul tria aitiri, Críth G. 306 `violating his suretyship', Gloss. íar ndul triit, 549 `after it has leaked out', Gloss.

d.¤ amach act of getting out, release: ní d.¤ amach duit go lá 'n bhráth, Oss. vi 30 . togairmid an sceathrach ┐ and d.¤ amach purgation (?), 3 C 22, 22a30 . da raib dul amach air, dentar ceirin do cuimin ┐ dfinegra ... Et da raib uiresbaid dul amach air dentar gaeithi mela do, Irish Texts v 46 § 30 . d.¤ istech: dobeir d.¤ asteach do bhriathar solus the entrance of Thy words giveth light, Psalms cxix 130 . d.¤ ar agaid to advance, progress: d.¤ air aghaidh ansna subháilcibh, Donlevy 174 . d.¤ ar (for) cúl: ag d.¤ ar cúl abating (of a fever), O'Gr. Cat. 234 . iar ndol na siodha for ccul after the peace had been set aside, AFM vi 2054 .

(d) act of being lost, passing away, dying (= dul as, see above): ferr oenfer dont slog do d.¤ | indá in mór do mudugud, SR 6983 (cf. 2 Samuel xx 16 - 21 ). dá trian fer nErenn do dhula, SG 21 . ní uair dimiad re ndula at her decease, Metr. Dinds. iii 434 . ria ndol d'Aodh mór mac D., O'Gr. Cat. 354 . mar bhís a ndán do dhroing d.¤ since it is the destiny of people to pass away, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150 . go dol í Néill to the death of O'Neill, 164 . do dith Diarmata . . . ┐ d'esbaid Duib da cond . . . ┐ do d.¤ Dithrubaigh, Acall. 3983 . dobhéar sa neamh dhuit iar nd.¤ , 3 C 12, 26.17 . ní bhiadh muna mbeith an dán | . . . | fios deighfhir ar n-a dhola, Ir. Syll. Poetry 80 § 13 .

(e) proceeding, course, manner ; an extension of lit. sense, cf. Wb. 33a5 ; rubu fer-som muintere; maith dano d.¤ humal obedient conduct (?) (but see ZCP xvii 224 ). So in chevilles: aurdairc d.¤ , SR 4061 , cf. 4735 . dochtaid d.¤ , 7239 . guid iar fird.¤ . . . im dílgud dot' immarbos, 1607 . fo dóer-ban d.¤ `after the fashion of low-born women', Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . lasin fear iga raibi in d.¤ gaeth the man who had the wise course, Auraic. 500 . is deg-d.¤, or in fer well-said, bravo , LL 282b2 . ní bú amlos | dósom in d.¤ duthracair, | ascnam sech péin hi pardos to him the way he has wished was great gain, Liad. and Cuir. 24 .

With FO and art.: dond ingin . . . nó dia cholin fon d.¤ toisech according to the first way (of explaining it), Wb. 10b20 . di doiri Babelone rogabad fon d.¤-so according to this interpretation, Ml. 133b1 . fun d.¤ nisiu, 53a8 . See next section.

(f) occasion, time, turn: [arin] scribund roscribad in d.¤-so, Sg. 202a (Thes. ii p. xxi). in d.¤ so this time , TBC-I¹ 754 . ala d.¤ on another occasion , Laws i 216.31 Comm. is fo infinit dutiagar fun d.¤ so in this case, Ml. 101c6 . tabhradh sochraide Laighean leis don d.¤-sa on this occasion, ML 56 . créad do thug don d.¤ so thú?, Oss. iv 94 . ní mían riom d.¤ bhur bfhéachain anois don d.¤ sa, 1 Corinth. xvi 7 . don dula sin on that occasion, then , CCath. 458 . nír bó ciúin dóibh don d.¤ soin, AFM iii 226 , v 1468 . a gabail fa dó décc . . . ┐ pater i forbhu cech dula at the end of each recital (of a prayer), BNnÉ 92 . Aodha . . . nár claoidheadh i n-aon d.¤ , O'Rah. xxxv 43 . lind nach serg-therc fri sam-d.¤ at summer-tide , Metr. Dinds. iii 338 .

(g) As quasi-conj., so that; because, since , usually with art.: in d.¤ atchi-side `because he perceives it', Wb. 25a37 . d.¤ ní fír a ndurairngert `so that what he has promised is untrue', 30b3 . in d.¤ bidh coimtig mo lecht since my grave will be frequented, Fianaig. 16 . cid fris-n-aragar aithgabail cūicthi in d.¤ is gnāthu do grēs oldās cach athgabail? why is stay attached to the distress of five days since it is more usual . . ., Laws i 250 . in duil is Críst cech óigi since every guest is Christ, Ériu ii 172 .

Compd.: ¤brass swift in course; ech d., TBC-LL¹ 3380 . See also dulta.

fecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fecht or dil.ie/21408
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fecht, fectae, fechta, fecta, fecht, infectso, ind[ḟ]ectsa, indectso, fodechtsa, fhecht

n ā, f. later also m., sometimes n. (? 1 fichid Bretha 60 ): n s m. in fecht (Ib) CRR 15 ( LL 173b ). g s f. na fectae , Wb. 33a20 (Ia). m. or n. ind fechta , SR 6447 .

I A course, journey, expedition , usually one in which a number of persons participate and often of a hostile enterprise.

(a) In general sense: feacht .i. turas, O'Cl. fecht a uecho (= veho ?), O'Mulc. 505 . hore rombu thoissech na fectae (of Moses leading the Israelites) Wb. 33a20 . dorala drem do Bretnaib Sratha C. for f.¤ dochum a mbráthar .i. co Bretnu Armuirc Letha, Trip. 16.8 . luid Srú sair for f.¤ dochum na Scithia, LL 130b45 . is baeth do ḟeacht | isin maigin i ta do ḟert, TBC-I¹ 1565 . dochúaid feacht buadha ... | suas go tech an Duilemhan, BNnÉ 287.1 . eser ní re ndol ar f. ¤ , ZCP vii 269.21 ; 'you shall eat something before going on a journey', ZCP xxix 104 . ros-biadh mor do scelaib atfesedh for a f.¤ (the sun) would have many tales to tell on its course Ériu ii 126.1 . roslín mertain ... dia fechtaib o tir diles, SR 3446 . f.¤ féile a journey of (free) entertainment, visit of hospitality (properly an occasion of hospitality belonging to II below UR 122 ), mentioned as an example of `fled deoda,' O'Dav. 954 . (dist. from the customary entertainment which was due to the lord according to terms of service): biatha fechta féile .i. aoidhechta aonaidche, no aon lae doberar do gradh uasal in leth nach táinic riamh, ┐ a techt le toisc deithbhire ┐ a biathadh iarna lín ┐ iarna dáimh ┐ iarna uaisle, O'D. 679 ( H 3.17, 497 ). Laws iii 18y Comm. biad fechta feile, i 126. 23 Comm. ii 26.13 Comm . is fri gnathles do in cethrurso, ar is ochtar do for a daim fechta feile, Irish Texts iv 23.13 . curup ed tig in grad flatha da tig .i. fer for a lan-daim .i. in tan is for fecht feili, no fer for a leth-daim, in tan is fria gnāith-leasa, Laws v 42.16 Comm. a lan-dam maraen re gach nduine ... for fecht feli do tig a comgraid ib. 20 . Cf. asrimgaib in fili dāma (.i. fechta fēle) asa thig, ZCP xv 334 ( xvi 222 ). Rendered `a (one) night's entertainment' Laws Transl. pass. srethugud a dáme for fecht féle .i. cétadaig aigidechta duni do thig a cheli conid lánbiathad dliges iarum in n-aidchisin acht corop deithbir no n-imluade. ┐ a biathad iarna dáim ┐ iarna grad ┐ iar n-úasli ┐ iarna lín. Gnáthless im. dó cech tan rachas o sain immach. ni dlig acht lethbiathad ┐ ni dlig cid éside menip ra deithbir dig, LL 187a44 ff . cia līn dām na firfhiled | for feacht fēili, for caī cuir | for gnathlessaib, for fledaibh?, Auraic. 2221 . ceathrur ar fichit ... fecht feili ollaman righ, 2224 .

(b) a raid or hosting: a fecht ┐ a slóged la firu Erend ... a cāin ┐ a cobach la firu Alban (of the obligations of the Scottish Dál Ríata) LU 375 . ro saertha clerig Erenn ar f.¤ ┐ sluagad, Fél. 4. 7 . mnāu do hsoerad ... ar fegt, ar sloagath, Cáin Ad. 6 . techt ar cenn catha ..., fechta ┐ slōgaid, 3 . Lúagni ... | cen dola ar fecht lem, LU 9949 . ... is he sin ... fecht dia romarbad Saól the hosting whereby Saul was slain SR 6432 . fer d'aes ind fechta one of the invaders 6447 (cf. d below). ba fās fri fianna fecta warrior-bands (g s. as attrib. ?) LL 6a6 = Keat. i p. 168 .

(c) a fight, attack, assault (? original meaning Bretha 60 ): fíchset co ferda a fechta `their fights' Metr. Dinds. iii 150.7 . Fintan ... fecht fland `of bloody battles' ii 12.45 = LU 4161 . gai ... feras feochtu, LL 12b44 = feachdo, BB 39b30 ( IT iii 61 , 62 ).

(d) transf. of persons making a foray, a (marauding) band: Cland Meic D. do teacht feacht Albanach ar tarraing Meic U. `with a band of Scots' AFM v 1488.7 . ro tionoil [Ó N.] ... fecht adhbhal Albanach, 1352.17 . tanaicc go ffeacht mor Albanach lais, 1540.7 .

(e) in chevilles, course, proceeding (?): baí Dauid ... inna thig fo míad, f.¤ ṅgúr, SR 5947 . co mbái i nOchain, f.¤ co n-uaill, Metr. Dinds. ii 20 . aeinis Senan tes ind-ailen Ard N. ... ba feacht feidhil `an enduring battle' Lism. L. 2105 . (f) military service ( The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 111 ): is la rīg Laīchsi Rēta trā a fecht, Corp. Gen. 93 (Rawl. 127 b 13) . cen chobach cen fecht cen [sh]luaged, Notitiæ as Leabhar Cheanannais 10.10 .

II A time, occasion = Fr. fois, Germ. Mal; cf. similar use of W. gwaith and in later Ir. of dul, turas; in this sense appar. always neut. or masc. For transition of meaning cf. is é-seo mo chétḟecht latsu; bud é mó ḟ.¤ dedenach co mbrunni ṁbrátha, TBC-LL¹ 1207 (mo cetturus et mo cetfeacht St), where Wind. translates mein erstes Mal ... mein letztes Mal, but the sense may perhaps be `expedition, chariot-ride.' Usually as adverb or in stereotyped phrases, rarely with prep. (except when compounded with an adj.: isin cetfecht, PH 3630 ; i n-oénfecht, see below): frithṡecnap for f.¤ an alternate vice-abbot (?) on occasion ZCP v 499 § 3 . fecht (absol.) on a single occasion, once: Cluain ... do argain fo thri; ... f.¤ o Síl nA. ┐ fo dó hó Callraidhi once by S.A. and twice by C. RC xvii 390.25 . ar na hathleagad fecht for a sé resmelted seven times CCath. 4679 . once (on a time) = Lat. olim, quondam: robámarni f.¤ co cátaid acut LU 3917 ( SCC 43 ). bali i teigtis f.¤ fir whither men used once to resort IT i 158 ( LL 154a46 ). cathair oirechuis isidhe do Thartraidibh fect riam formerly Marco P. 28 . ni raibhi rí forro fect riam ` theretofore ' 29 . denaid umhla ... isin bethaidh n-aili amail doronsabair feacht riamh ` before ' 35 . o do marbad P. Seon fecht riam doberat, etc. `ever since P. John was killed' 46 . Similarly in the phr.: f.¤ roboí (folld. by main clause): f.¤ robai luid araile manoch once upon a time a certain monk went Mon. Tall. § 66 . f.¤ ro búi damsae domchaomnacuir airisem I once chanced to stay § 45 . Cf. fechta for nia nem (.i. in tan noragad in trenfer for nem) `at the time the champion (should go) to heaven', (`may be g s. ... as advb.', Stokes) ACC 115 ( RC xx 282 ). f.¤ n-and (n-óen) once upon a time, on one occasion = Lat. olim (see Thurneysen, KZ lvii 72 ff ): dorochoir f.¤ n-and iarum do B. denam na fledi, IT ii 173.9 . f.¤ n-and baí ... oc fennad loíg, LL 260a16 ( IT i 71.14 ). f.¤ ann testa tarb do indilib Gargain, PH 6301 . f.¤ and foidid ... a manchu do buain choeluig, Lat. Lives 110 . fecht n-and do Ultaib i nEmain Macha once when the Ulstermen were in E. LU 9177 ( FB 91 ). fect and do Mártain ina recles taet demun chuci, RC ii 396.21 ( LB 60b56 ). búi C. ... ind Emuin M. fect n-oen ann, IT i 136.17 (Eg.). feacht n-aen da roibhhe Cond ... a Teamraig, Ériu iii 150.3 . fect n-oen do Ailill ┐ do Meidb ... arrecaim comrad ... eturru, TBC-LL¹ 2 . f.¤ n-aile (n-aill) another time, on another occasion: fecht n-ali luid S. do A., Trip. 240.21 . f.¤ n-aill forréccaig Mac R. in mag a second time TBC-LL¹ 5041 . fect aile do M. ina recles taet demun chuci, RC ii 396.27 ( LB 60bz ). f.¤ and is lethan, f.¤ aile is cumung at one time ... at another PH 3996 . dála an chléirigh eacht eile 'like the cleric on another occasion', Giolla Brighde 34 § 21 . On a former occasion (= Fr. autrefois): atchuala lib in mac ṁbec sain f.¤ n-aill i Cruachain, TBC-LL¹ 844 . rí rogabustar rígi for Erinn fecht n-aill, Anecd. v 17.22 = Ériu ii 174.3 . faidhis Magnus C. fecht n-aill techta, Marco P. 24 . do bi rí uaibrech ... ara tir sin f.¤ n-aill, Maund. 131 . cidam bocht ... indiu baam bannrighan ... echt ele, D IV 2, 71[61]r a 3 . With art: in cetna f.¤ ... in f.¤ n-aili the first time ... the second time TBC-I¹ 3106.09 . imun Michíl inddalae f.¤, immon Muiri a f.¤ n-aild, Mon. Tall. § 30 . nolinged i n-arddi in f.¤ n-aile ... no theiged in f.¤ n-aile isin talmain at one time ... at another LU 9138 ( FB 88 ). indara f.¤ ... in f.¤ n-aill at one time ... at another LU 1978 . Cf. atracht Isu indala f.¤ isin pelait a second time PH 2638 . an dara feacht, TSh. 316 . an dara feacht, is follus ... in the second place; again Eochairsg. 22.28 . ba marb aenfhecht ... atbela in f.¤ tanaise a second time PH 1245 .

in (a, ind) f.¤ sa (the word is in the adverbial case, in, being acc. of the art., ind the dat.; a (hi, i) is apparently the neut. acc. art., though hi, i, may be prep. Cf. the exx. below without art.), on this occasion, now, passing later into sense henceforth: in f.¤ sa this time, now Sg. 11a4 . BCr. 18b10 , PCr. 62a2 . in f.¤ so, Sg. 20b4 , 153b3 . in fectsa (nunc) Wb. 9b20 . infectso, 3c13 . 7c5 . ind[ḟ]ectsa, 3a7 (opp. to `riam') 3c22 . nitat pecthi collnidi híccatar and indechtso, cebtar hé riam, 4a8 . indectso, 4d3 . (opp. to `cosse'). tecat don chomram a fecht-sa, IT i 105.1 (LL). 128.28 ( LU 10785 ) = fodechtsa, Eg. hi fecht-sa cinnas dothíagat, LU 8703 ( FB 53 ). BColm. 56.22 . is rí Ulad Conchobar i fechtsa, MU² 108 ( LL 262b17 ). TBC-LL¹ 1168 . i fectsa, 718 . congab i fechtsa forsind fit sin cot'ēc henceforward Mon. Tall. § 60 . iar tiachtain do Adamnan hifecta ni gatar a forgall, etc., Cáin Ad. 4 . Maithi tra, a A., or sí, hifechta is duitsiu doratath mnā ... do hsōerath, 11 . ērigh suas hifecta as t'ochlach, 15 . a bfechtsa, BColm. 62.21 . cid dogena fecht-sa what wilt thou do now? LU 3372 ( SCC 16 ). nā bíd ar n-airfitiud fechtsa ... i n-arsaidecht na tol collaide henceforth PH 5280 . misi dobēra bíathad duit ... fechtsa co bráth, BColm. 62.9 . is ed ráides Foachtach i fechtso, Ériu xi 45.11 = i bhfechtsa, Ériu xiii 46.24 . See festa and fo-dechtsa.

cach f.¤ each time, every time: Laws iii 282.24 . gach feacht, Keat. Poems 1598 . cach la (re, ra; see 1 aile) f.¤ every second time, alternately: rannfaider in rigi cach re f.¤ eter a clannaib the kingship will be held by their (Brian's and Fiachra's) children in turn RC xxiv 174.20 . comdūchus cirt Casil cach ar (leg. ara or ra) f.¤ doibsin, Cog. 54.12 . gac re ffecht, 212.19 . gurab dóibh ... budh chóir ríghe M. gach ré bhfeacht, Keat. iii 4362 .

oínḟecht once for all; on one occasion (only): used in Glosses to transl. Lat. semel Ml. 138b8 . 34a9 (oinecht). oinecht a ppecad amal [as] n-oinecht rombebe colinn Crist (gl. mortuus est semel) Wb. 3b3 . mad oenfecht tra nom-gairfea, ni fhrecer-sa dó if he calls me only once PH 1495 . is aenfhecht rochés Crist, 5203 . mad daríus Emain oenḟecht if once I reach E. TBC-LL¹ 1208 .

i n-oínḟecht at the same time, simultaneously = Lat. simul: nach ḟacfed a da céili for talmain i n-oenḟ.¤ , IT i 81.23 ( LL 261b19 ). naro epled sib uli i n-oenfhecht, PH 2832 . co ndechudar a n-enfecht ┐ na T. isin Teibh they and the Thebans entered Thebes together Stair Erc. 741 . go mbiadh dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis ... ┐ a rádh go mbiadh grádh do Dhia i n-aoinfheacht riú aige that he would love God along with them TSh. 399 . i n-aoinḟeacht sin is biadh da ḟreastal ... táinig ... at the same moment that food was served Keat. iii 1009 . cruinnighid ... a naóinḟeacht am aghaidh gather themselves together against me Psalms lix 3 .

Seldom in pl.: is mor fhecht rom-sáraig many a time PH 3823 . .xl. míle tighidis, xl. fect is aitreabhthaigh don chathair forty thousand forty times is (the number) of inhabitants Marco P. 139 . teora f.¤ gach aonaighidh three times every night Stair Erc. 122 . teora f.¤ ro thrascair E. ... hé, 2400 .

geránach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. geránach or dil.ie/25718

 

adj (gerán) o,ā plaintive, querulous; complaining, wailing: ité toirsig geranaig, RC ix 472 § 10 . fer lesc geránach `a grumbling sluggard,' Tec. Corm. § 34.7 . golfartach, grechtha geránach, Lism. L. 3548 . Ériu v 74.37 . a il-geranach imchosaitech, PH 8180 . ba bronach ... geranach int imscaradh sin, Aen. 1213 . rasoed in bean sin i nnathraig ngranda ngeranaig, TTebe 772 . gríobh ghreannach ... ghearánach, TSh. 6623 . tarcasal mara muirnigh moir-gearanaigh, MR 288.4 . go gruamhda geránach, RC xxiii 26.13 . Laigin do dola ar soin go gearánach d'ionnsoighidh M., TFrag. 136.3 . ag diucaire co geranach, ZCP vi 66.23 . Foll. by ar complaining of: ba geránach iad ar iomad a námhad, TFrag. 206.11 . Cf. Keat. iii 3210 . gearánach ar a égcert, Parrth. Anma, 477 .

imbúalad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbúalad or dil.ie/27321

 

Forms: imbúalta, imbuailte, immbualaidh, imbúaladh

n u, m. later o, m. g s. imbúalta, Fianaig. 88.20 . imbuailte, CCath. 4889 ; immbualaidh, AFM v 1370.7 . imbúaladh m. IGT Decl. § 48.

I (3 imm-, im- + búalad).

(a) mutual smiting, exchanging of blows; battle, onset: comairnectar ... cathugud ┐ imbualad im urbrunni inn átha, TBC-LL¹ 4950. conusacca in dís oc imbualad ┐ ic marbad a cheli ar a chind, LB 117a32 . nir thriallsat tecedh no imbualadh nó gnimh catha do denumh, CCath. 3121. ro gabh cach a inad imbuailti ann `everyone took his fighting place there,' 5787 . ro cindsetar sum imguin ┐ imbualad, Acall. 3149 v.l. bid doilig d'óen-túaid bic isin domun imguin ┐ imbúalad fri lucht na Gréce, TTr.² 754. ro srainead ... in cath tre neart imbualta ┐ imgona for choiced nOl nEcmacht, Ériu viii 178.34 . ro hordaiged a mílid ... a n-urt[h]osach in imbúalta `in the fore-front of the mutual smiting,' Fianaig. 88.20 . ro indsaigh cach i cheile dibh i rrói cath ocus imbualtae, Ériu viii 177.13 . do reidiged laithir fairsing imbualta don laechraid, Celt. Rev. iv 118.29 . batar ... ic immualad ocus ic imesarcain etorro, Cog. 76.8 . an edh is áil libh oirrlech no imbualad oidhchi do dēnam?, ML² 1501. co rothuitset ara ngluinib ... re scis a n-imbuailti, TTebe 25 34. go ttángodar naonmhar dá inhuinntir ar a bhéalaibh san iombhualadh `in the conflict,' CRR² § 41. gan a ndiubhracadh itir acht tocht dia n-iombualadh gan fuireach `not to shoot at them, but to come to a close fight without delay,' AFM iii 292.2 . ro baí gealladh immbualaidh eatorra arna mharach `there was a promise of battle,' v 1370.7 . re hucht dola i n-iommbualadh nó do chur chatha dhóibh, Keat. iii 1966. cathair gacha coinbhliochta ┐ ionadh gacha hiombuailte, TSh. 6661.

(b) Of the beating of waves: crinnigid cum a ceile o imbualadh na tonn amuith `they are gathered together by the beating to and fro of the waves outside,' Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.2 . ó i.¤ na marann sin, RC xxiv 378.10 . re hiombualadh tonn agas tréan-ghaoithe, ML 46.15 .

II (2 imm- + búalad) great smiting: conar' hanadh re díbhraccad no re himbualad intip, CCath. 3539. ro bui ... aca bualadh do bemennaibh talce ... ┐ d' imbualadh arrachta ollnertmar, Stair Erc. 406.

imchosnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imchosnam or dil.ie/27403

 

Forms: iomchosnamha, iomchosnaimh, himmchosnib, himmcosnamib

n Orig. u, m. later also o, m. g s. an iomchosnamha , AFM ii 1136.8 . iomchosnaimh, TD 4 § 6.

I

(a) the act of contending for, striving for; contention: bái imorro i.¤ im Fhergus da churiud do chormannaib, IT i 75.13 . boí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir, LU 9034 ( FB § 78 ). do imchosnom dul isa tech ar thús, LU 8257 ( FB § 20 ). batar... ic imcosnamh tosaigh do beit[h] ag cech fer diobh ..., TBC-LL¹ p. 83 n. 12. brethem na laimethar gell fri hiumcosnam a brethe against the disputing of his judgment? Laws v 352.z . bátár ... oc i.¤ cia dib no ebelad in mac, LU 10614. batar maic Amalgaid oc i.¤ imon rige, ACL iii 22.25 . Marian h. Donnabair ... a dola do Roim a n-i.¤ na hespocoiti, Ann. Conn. 1297.7 . ac imchosnum ┐ ac imthairring fri araile, TTebe 213 . roopair Ampiaraus imchosnum tosaich re Areón `A. essayed to gain first place from Arion,' 2400 . oc i.¤ na saigti thall disputing the attack from the other side? (of a game of chess), Ériu v 32.21 . is é ro chuir an céadchath | re hucht n-iomchosnaimh fhuinn Bhreagh, TD 4 § 6. tugadh cath Droma Deirg i nAlbain idir Dhrust ┐ Aonghus ... fá iomchosnamh na críche `for the mastery of the country,' Keat. iii 2322.

(b) folld. by for (ar) the act of defending, defence: ionnus go bhféadfadh é féin d'iomchosnamh ar lot so that he could defend himself against damage, TSh. 594. d'imdheghoil ┐ d'imchosnamh tóronna a thīre ar chomharsnachaibh, Fl. Earls 76.1 .

II Metaph. the eyelid (as a defence for the eye): d p. dona himmchosnib (for himmcosnamib) gl. tutonibus, Gild. Lor. gl. 121.

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