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comarthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comarthach or dil.ie/10763

 

Forms: comardach

adj o, ā (comartha). Earlier comardach.

(a) bearing signs or emblems; decorated : clārc[h]oilér cressa comart[h]aigh . . . co ndealbaib dúaibsecha dracconn, Fianaig. 84.30 . ar inneoin cherdcomartaigh adorned with emblems executed by a craftsman, LL 410a5 . flesc alaind . . . ilcomardach Aroin, BB 242a32 . inair . . . comtaracha, Cog. 162.1 .

(b) distinguished : do meic caema it comarthaig, LL 7129 . dia claind comardaigh, 386ay 0 . go céibh gcraobhthruim gcomharthaig ` stately ', O'Hara 840 .

(c) scarred, disfigured; disfiguring : na cromsróna . . . comtharrthacha, CF² 288 . cnedach, crechtach, comurtach, ZCP vi 281.30 . caoga cneadh cómharthacha báis disfiguring , ML 140.x = com-marbt[h]ach, ML² 1919 . crecht crolinnteach, comurthach `unsightly', ZCP vi 97.27 .

Adv. doben an lámh des . . . de ┐ . . . doleig uadha co comurthach é `disfigured', ZCP vi 62.21 . cinn go comh-arthach, arsanna, TSh. 6613 .

Cf. comardathach.

comdílse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comdílse or dil.ie/11029

 

n (dílse): foracba a cuit tire la fine a comdilse dara eise what land remains to him must revert to the fine in joint ownership, Laws iii 52.10 . ? ni roich colann coimhdilsi n-einech, Ériu xiii 13.22 . Of adversaries: comdílsi etruib fair play between you, PH 741 . doleig coimdisli iter na curadaib `fair field', TTebe 4474 . coimdhilsi do lécen etorra ┐ M.S. to leave the issue between him and M.S. (?), Acall. 1977 . rainic coimdilsi ann etir longaib bronn na sochaide ┐ claidhme muintire C. (of slaughter in battle), CCath. 5745 . releíc comdílsi etarru ┐ in snechta left him at the mercy of the snow (of infant being abandoned), RC xxvii 264.4 .

do-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-cuirethar or dil.ie/17442
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tochraid, dorala, tarla, tachraid, tochur, tachar, docuire, ducuiredar, du-nd-chuirethar, dochuirethar, docorethar, docuiretar, dochuiret, tochre, tocraid, corathar, -tochrathar, -tochra, dochora, rathochra, -dochrat, tochorad, docorad, nothachrad, -tochratis, ducorastar, dochorastár, tochrastar, rothocair, tochuir, tachair, tochratar, tochradar, tochar, tochuirther, dofocuirther, docuirither, tochradar, docuirter, docuired, tochrad, tuichred, ndichret, tuichret, dofóichred, toichred, docuirfed, tochērat, doceradh, tacerad, dofoicherthar, dindrala, torala, tairle, tarlam, doralus, darolus, tarlus, torlus, tairlius, doralais, fris-tarlais, dusrale, toralae, con-darraile, dorala, tarla, tarlathar, daralsat, doralaighset, doralatar, tarlatar, doralad, duralad, ceta-tarlad, do-t-ralaid, tarlaid, dutárlid, doralta, docuiriur, tochuiriur, tochuirim, docuirethar, dochoirethar, docuiredar, tocuiredar, tócurid, tócuired, tocuirid, docuirifar, dorochurestar, dorochuiristar, rothochurestar, ro-s-tochuir, rothochuir, dorochuirsemmar, rom-tochuirseat, dofocuirther, tocuirfiter, tochuiribthe, tocuiredh, tochuired, rodocuirit, tochur, tochuired, tocuread, do-m-cuirethar, dorala, doscuirither, con-tachrad, tocraid, dorala, dorala, tarla

(* to-cuir-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ), in O.Ir. a deponent vb. used in the senses (1) puts and (2) invites . For the development of meaning (2) see Gaidoz, RC xxiii 91 . In O.Ir. (1) occurs chiefly in 3 s. , often in impers. construction; in subj. and pret. the root la- is used side by side with cuir- and the fut. is supplied by *to-(fo)cherr- (cf. 1 cuirid); in (2) all forms are supplied by *to-cuir-. In later Mid.Ir. *to-cuir- comes to be represented by tochraid (tachraid), treated as a simple vb. and often forming an ē-fut. (see TBC-LL¹ 5707 , Cog. 225.18 = LL 309b3 , Acall. 1137 , Aen. 290 ), while dorala or tarla (the former of which survives as late as the 17th cent.) exists independently in the sense met, happened . The form tachraid may be regarded as a lineal descendant of do-cuirethar, dochuir[id], -tochraid rather than as a distinct denom. vb. formed from the vn. tochur, tachar, the syncopated form (common already in Mid. Ir.) being probably due to the need for distinguishing it from tochuirid invites, in which syncope does not as a rule occur. See GOI § 762 . IGT Verbs § 95 .

Forms.

I In sense puts

(a) Forms from *to-cuir-: Indic. pres. 2 s. docuire, Corm. s.v. taurthait . 3 s. ducuiredar, Thes. ii 19.36 . du-nd-chuirethar, Ml. 35d22 . dochuirethar, BDD 71 . docorethar, 106 . 3 pl. docuiretar, Fianaig. 84 . dochuiret, Metr. Dinds. iii 292 . Ipv. 2 s. tochre, LU 10881 . 2 pl. tocraid, 1486 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do corathar , O'Curry 1999 ( H 4.22 29 ). -tochrathar, Críth G. 418 . -tochra, O'D. 739 ( H 3.17 ( H 3.17, 537 ). dochora, LL 146b . co rathochra , Triads 117 . 3 pl. -dochrat, MacCongl. 99.4 . Impf. 3 s. tochorad, Ml. 44a19 . docorad, BDD 54 . nothachrad, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . 3 pl. -tochratis, RC ix 468.6 . Pret. 3 s. ducorastar, Ml. 52 . dochorastár, LU 5366 (TBC). co tochrastar , IT ii1 184 . rothocair, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tochuir, tachair. 3 pl. tochratar, LL 293b25 . tochradar, BB 33b22 , etc. Pass. pres. s. fora tochar (= tocharr, an archaic form), Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485 ). tarsa tochuirther , Ml. 22c1 . cf. 80b7 and dofocuirther, 18c10 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 301 ). docuirither, Laws i 170 Comm. Ériu ii 120 § 58 , etc. forsa tochradar , BB 330b22 . pl. docuirter, Anecd. v 24 n. 25 . Pass. pret. docuired, PH 7767 . Imr. Brain i 88 . co tochrad , MacCongl. 37.4 .

(b) Forms from to-(fo-)cherr-: Fut. 3 s. ? in (ní?) tuichred , BB 298a24 ( IT iii 15 ). 3 pl. co ndichret , Ml. 44a16 . ? ni tuichret , IT iii 15.4 . Condit. 3 s. dofóichred, Sg. 130b2 . toichred, ZCP i 66 § 113 . Later formations from *to-cuir-: docuirfed, Lec. 458c7 ; tochērat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 , etc. Cf. doceradh, BB 298a25 = tacerad, IT iii 15 (H)?). Pass. fut. dofoicherthar, BDD § 81 .

(c) Forms from *to-ro-la-: Subj. pres. 2 s. dindrala (= dia ndrala?), Bvi 74 ( Thes. ii 37 ). 3 s. torala, Ml. 43b15 . tairle, Ériu iv 24 ( LL 106a ). 1 pl. co tarlam , Fél. Prol. 319 v.l. Perf. 1 s. doralus, Fél. Prol. 15 . darolus, ZCP iv 44.12 . tarlus, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). torlus, SR 1872 . ? tairlius, BS 48.24 . 2 s. doralais, Alex. 946 . fris-tarlais, ZCP iii 206 . 3 s. dusrale, Ml. 23c16 . co toralae , Corm. Y 698 . con-darraile, LL 272b21 . Mid. Ir. dorala, tarla; tarlathar, TBC-LL¹ 2069 . 3 pl. daralsat, LL 169a15 . Cf. doralaighset (they) happened to be, Fl. Earls 188 . doralatar, tarlatar, PH, etc. Pass. perf. s. doralad, Wb. 13d8 , Ml. 14b12 . duralad, 67d9 . ceta-tarlad, LL 515 . do-t-ralaid, SR 1307 . ni tarlaid , 3668 . ? dutárlid, LU 10938 (perh. fr. *to-ad-ro-luid). pl. doralta, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

II In sense invites. Indic. pres. 1 s. docuiriur, Sg. 16b8 . tochuiriur, Thes. ii 357.1 . tochuirim, Corm. Y 77 . 3 s. docuirethar, Sg. 61a7 . dochoirethar, Ml. 29b1 . docuiredar, tocuiredar, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid, FA § 1 . Ipv. 3 s. tócuired, PH 5829 . 2 pl. tocuirid, 5614 . Fut. 1 s. docuirifar, Ml. 3a1 . Perf. 3 s. dorochurestar, Ml. 16c6 . dorochuiristar, 25c13 . ní rothochurestar , 18d16 . ro-s-tochuir, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rothochuir, PH 4413 . 1 pl. dorochuirsemmar, Sg. 6b18 . 3 pl. rom-tochuirseat, CCath. 983 . Pass. pres. s. dofocuirther, Ml. 18c10 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ). Fut. pl. tocuirfiter, PH 4346 . Condit. s. ni tochuiribthe , Ml. 128a2 . Pret. co tocuiredh , BB 10a4 , tochuired; rodocuirit (= rotochuiritt), Cog. 74.8 .

Vn. tochur, tochuired.

I As trans. vb. in personal construction

(a) puts, deposits, places , often used as synonym of do-cuirethar or do-beir: is tre ḟír flathemon docuiredar ildelba muir the sea casts up creatures of divers form, ZCP xi 82 = is tré ḟír flatha ildelba il-míli . . . for tráchtaib téchtaib tochratar are deposited (cast up) on shores, LL 293b25 . di[a] ndrala huait if thou put from thee (gl. tolle), Thes. ii 37 . inna hí batar buthi ar thuus, dusrale fodiad he put them last, Ml. 23c16 . is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 , cf. Ml. 14b12 . in tascair docuirither do tuinn which is deposited by a wave, Laws i 170 Comm. , cf. iv 194 . nech tarsa tochuirther sciath over whom a shield is placed, Ml. 22c1 . ro-tarlait a teinti their fires were placed (i.e. built up), Mer. Uil. 17 . torala Dia ar chēill do degnimu-su may God bring to mind gl. revocetur, Ml. 43b14 . doralus ar m'airi | gréschi occa nguidi, Fél. Prol. 15 . ó doralaim ar m'aire . . . lecca huara (pres. formation based on perf.), AU 877 (poem). tachraid for cēill dāib . . . senscēlai bar muinntire call to mind the traditions of your people, Alex. 191 . Cf. Ériu ii 136 : ar cid aingil nimhe, rosbi crith ┐ uamun intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar cēill (leg. forathmenatar ┐ docuretar . . . when they remember and call to mind). dochurusdar Cond an macamh ar comairci Airt placed under A.'s protection, iii 160 . ducorastar Dia deilb mordraige . . . forsinní Dauid, Ml. 52 . tegdais forsa tochar deg-lí anechtair is placed, Tur. 14 . nocon fetur-sa indat ilgné docuirther in folt fair (lit. different ways [in] which the hair is put on him, cf. RC xxiii 91 ), BDD § 105 . forsa tochratis tonna an mara na héicne, RC ix 418 . go rotochuir [an piast] ainbthine dermair forsan muir, BNnÉ 6 . co tocuir tāmnēll fuirri, RC v 199 . doconnairc . . . prinnsa in dorchuttois . . . da tochrad cét cenn fair there were (lit. had been put) a hundred heads, Aisl. Tond. xiv 1 . focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta . . . co ttochradh an muirgrian iochtarach for úachtar an mara, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 . cia dám . . . ceta-tarlad for hErend? was first landed, LL 515 . nir tocrad Cessair for rig o sein amach no king was styled Caesar, Lec. 300b49 = ni rotocrad, 304a46 . co ndichret a ndruim fria naimtea will turn their back, Ml. 44a16 , cf. 44b19 . tocraid for ndrommand fri fraigid uli, LU 1486 . dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind it has turned its left side to us, TBC-I¹ 1192 (perh. impers.). cléirchin fris tarlais tinne `to whom thou hast shown stiffness', ZCP iii 208 . ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud glēid frisin coin mōir should not have engaged in fight with, TBC-I¹ 1228 . do-curead cath Ruis F. re Nemed, Lec. 357b2 . rofich cath Naisi fri hEochaid . . . iar cath Chomair fri hEochaid n-eolach trén doralad, 592a26 (cf. do-beir cath). domchurithar Dia isinn abainn, Imr. Brain ii 292 . gidbead dochuirear-sa deit isin dig, nā hob a ōl whatever I put into thy draught, Lec. 155b27 . toichredh a chenn 'sa chuithe he used to plunge his head, ZCP i 66 . rangabusa in n-éicni . . . darolus i lláim na hingine, TBFr. 342 . co ndaralastar (leg. -ralatar) na halma i talmain a chorp the herds trampled his body into the ground, TBC-LL¹ 2056 = gur cuirsit, St. cid ar dotralaid hi cacht? why hast thou been put into durance?, SR 1307 . is i cruinne dorraladh cach dūil . . . is i torachta chruinne doralta na nime, Ériu ii 106 . doscorad (duscorat, v.l.) a triur isin muir plunge into the sea (reflex.), RC ix 460 . is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni the fault you have brought against us, Alex. 946 = Anecd. v 5 . feib leir donralaid do nim | missi ┐ tussu, SR 1787 . conab-torlus a Phardus that I have put you out of Paradise, 1872 . con-dacuired dar cenn was overturned, SG 316 . con-daralsat é 'n-a ágib (i.e. tore him asunder), LL 169a15 .

(b) deposits, produces, brings forth: crann . . . docuiridar tri toraid cacha bliadne, Ériu ii 116 . nói cuill Chrimaill . . . dochuiret tall fon tiprait `drop their fruits', Metr. Dinds. iii 292 (docuredh, tocuread, v.l. perh. pret. pass. have been set, planted round). ba hinund brú rothocair | Fothad ┐ cóelChuirrech the same womb bore, 234 .

(c) throws, casts, sends: tochrae uait cast it from you, TBC-I¹ 1557 (LU) = tochra, YBL. docuire urchar úait, Corm. s.v. taurthait = focheirdi, Corm. Y 1229 . Cf. IT iii 16 § 37 . ni tharlus dom chirt | urcur anfis, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). dochorastair Dochae ga for Fiachaid, TBC-I¹ 2110 . a arat dia tochuirther the distance from which it is shot, Ml. 80b7 . fochres [a c[h]end] isin mBrudin . . . ┐ dorralad eiste, BDD² 1405 . dochorastar echlacha uada, Anecd. iii 65 . dochuiretar sut a comuirli chugat-sa send thee their decision, Fianaig. 84 . docuredh Conall for a lurg, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . docuirethar bedc throws, i.e. makes a start, bound: docuridar bedg de fodes starts off southwards, RC iii 176 . doscuiret[h]ar bedc as fa thuaid, IT ii1 175 . tathchuireathar bedg ar a ceand, BDD² 357 . tacurethar, YBL = docuirethar, Eg. = ta-cuirethar beadg ón tig, 645 . toschuirther beadc a Tracht F. they make a start from, 620 (the constr. here suggests that `beadc' is either nom. or else adverbial accus., the vb. being used impersonally). dochuirethar bedg anís, LL 281b13 ( GJ v 64 ). Cf. foceird b., ZCP viii 104.z .

II As trans. vb. in impers. constr. folld. by prep. phrase or other complement of pred., e.g. do-m-cuirethar lit. it puts me (in a place, condition, etc.), i.e. I happen to be (come). This construction is esp. common with the perf. dorala (tarla) and continues into the Mod. Ir. period.

(a) Of rest: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened to be winter, Trip.² 112 . focheirdi erchor uait . . . Docuirethar obonn anmannae ar a chind an animal chances suddenly to be in its way, Corm. Y 1229 (docuirither, LB). dī ōene sechtmaine . . . feib docorathar ind recht | do neoch las mbē nert as it is (laid down) in the law (?), ZCP xiii 29 . dia tarla Cond C. ┐ Eogan T. i comflaithis fo Erind, RC xvi 136 ( Dinds. 132 ). gon domrala crechtach ngarb so that I am wounded, TBC-LL¹ 2338 . cona-tarla faen so that he fell prostrate, Mór M. 267 . nach n-esconn rotmblaisi . . . dorala inna chunn slān became sane, Ériu ii 116 . ó domrala il-ligi leóin, ZCP vi 263 . co na-tarlai ina ṡuidi so that he fell on his haunches, LL 272b21 . dorala in tech ina ráithsechaib briathar, FB § 29 . ro-imthigset i frithsēt Grēg co nustarla tul fri tul i medhon in ṡéta, BB 419a35 . is and dosralai sede tunc, ic Ross na ferta she chanced to be at, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). bái mesca mór for Ulto . . . Docuiridar immarbága móra . . . eturro there arise, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 . Cf. further: ni chuincem colcthi . . . acht in talam cona sraith trit nó lomm amal docuirether (leg. docuirethar) covered with grass or bare as it may happen to be, Alex. 874 = Anecd. v 3 .

(b) Folld. by prep. denoting motion: doscuirethar as co trāig in baile, IT ii1 178 ; 'they set out' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 100 § 20 . conacca . . . dorrala inna huili fiadmila asin fidbaid that all the wild animals had come out of the wood, TBC-I¹ 3108 . domrala don áith I came to the kiln, Fél. p. 12 . dosrala do Dún na mbarc they came to, LL 4b33 . inis diandorala iar n-imram, Anecd. i 53 . toscuirethar dochom tíre they come to land, BDD § 55 . con-domrala dochum slúaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 120 . nirbo chian . . . condarraile (leg. dasraile) dochum indsi till they happened on, LL 283a21 . doluid in gilla . . . conusstarla dochum thopuir till he chanced upon a well, RC xxiv 196 . dotrala f[o] aineolass thou art ignorant, ZCP xiii 3 . [a]n du[c]uiredar bissext for nói kl. when bisext falls on . . ., BCr. 32c10 ( Thes. ii 19 ). fēil docuiredar for Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 135 , cf. intan doscuirither-si for áin, LB 9b10 (pass. ?). rocloenad a thech, con-datarla for a lethbeolu so that it inclined to one side, FB § 25 . ind eclas i tarla grada for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). dogní Neide glām ndicend dō, co toralae teorae bulgae for a gruadaibh, Corm. Y 698 . docorastar cess ┐ huamhon for na slúagho gloom and fear fell upon the hosts, Ériu ii 100 . co tarla a dí bond bána fair (he fell) with upturned soles, MU² 987 (LU). dichetal for ochtraig, co rathochra a mbi ina íchtur for a úachtar all that is below comes to the top, Triads 117 . dorala ana mbui . . . a n-íchtar an loch[a] co raibi forúachtar, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . co tarla ind ní bāi ina hichtar co mbōi for a hōachtor, Anecd. ii 57 . con-tachrad cach ní nobith a n-ichtur na fairrgi 'na fuachtur, Lec. 569a7 = gu tocraid , BB 40b8 (pret. pass. instead of the impers. constr.). con-dasrala for combáig comimrama they began to race each other in rowing, LL 235a20 . doscuridar iarum for a rith cētnai they resume their course, Ériu ii 126 . documlaiset for fairgi ┐ docorastar a lūi fri tir their stern was turned to shore, Corm. Y 1059 . feib donrala fri comrád as we have fallen into conversation, SR 1214 . fri tala ind ríg . . . domrala tria tinninas I have crossed the king's will through my hastiness, 6188 , cf. 6013 . ní rádi ní tri thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it'), Ml. 35d22 . cia dotochra a robaegal though thou fall into great danger, BCC § 348 (poem). docuiredar cach ai i tuaim alaile each of them comes into another's place (of three currents meeting in a whirlpool), Corm. Y 323 = docuirither, LB. dotrala i mbeirn baegail, TBC-I¹ 2648 . dotrala ind, RC vi 183 . doscuiredar i cess they fall into sadness, Ériu ii 112 . darrala tar romuir who came over the great sea, Fél. Dec. 8 (darralad, doralaid, donralad, v.l.). focheird rout n-urchair din liathróit, conastarla dar gincraes a bragat dond archoin so that it went past the watchdog's gullet, TBC-LL¹ 1025 . na cōic mnā nostachair tra | maraen ria n-athair suna came here together with their father, BB 408b16 . atnaid id im choiss indaro fi(u)r . . . Docuirethar iarum ina deguid aitherruch (the withe) comes back after him, i.e. springs off (?), RC x 214 .

Later with indep. pron.: co tarla co Beind E. hí she came to, Ériu iii 152 . co ttarla é go Magh Line, BS 104 . tarlu go teach Laidchinn é, Keat. ii 6282 . co tarla Cormac ┐ isi ar oentaig fo cleith, Lec. 366b25 . lucht in feruinn cusa tárla é (of one cast on shore), Laws i 204 Comm. dorala he (Cain) a mbroind Euba in tan do thomail int uball was conceived, Lec. 385a20 ; ? cf. ba hé tatharla inna broind, IT i 139 (LU) = is he tathlai it bruinn, Eg. dusrala iad a n-ailén aili, RC xxvi 138 . mar dorala a n-imfhoixe chomraic na Fraingce íad as they approached the frontier, Fl. Earls 30 . rothimchill cach a chēle dīb . . . ┐ dorala 'n-a comracaib iad they engaged in combat, Celt. Rev. x 314 . ó tharla gan chroidhe dho é seeing he hath no heart to it, Proverbs xvii 16 . durson damsa . . . na mígníma sin do dēnam dam, gid tre anfhis ┐ aneolus dorala iat they have come to pass, Celt. Rev. vii 116 .

(c) do-m-cuirethar do (ar, fri) lit. it puts me to (on, towards), hence I meet, come upon, come across: docuirethar Banba doib i Sleibh M., Leb. Gab.(i) 250 (possibly pers. constr.). docuiridar simind dóib, RC xxvi 10 (LL). conustarla do díb latrandib he met two robbers, Lat. Lives 90 . tarrla ríg Laighen dóibh, Imr. Brain i 66 . co tarla do sē meic dēg Amalgaid, Lec. 124b26 . tarla dhóib a n-esgcaraid, SG 8 . tárla dh'a chéile iat, ML 16 . tarla da chēli . . . clanna Neill ┐ clanna Chaeman, Lec. 171b41 . ni tharla dia muinntir badēin é, Fl. Earls 28 . go ttárla Carbre ┐ rígh bhfear gC. air a chēile, CF 276 (Eg.). go dtarla é ré moghaibh came upon slaves, Keat. iii 2146 . In reciprocal sense: conustarla do Meidb ┐ do Thindi M. and T. met, Ériu ii 178 . tarla do and ┐ d'Adhamhnan, BB 233b3 . co tarla dō ┐ do Dairi ingen Cathair, 6 . dorala do Césair féin ┐ do lucht innsi Bretain C. and the people . . . encountered each other, CCath. 182 . batar maic Miled bliadain i comrige . . . co tarla doib im na trib druimnib until they quarrelled about, Lec. 30b4 . dorala dam arair fri muintir C. I had a quarrel with, MacCongl. 53 . Cf. further: dorala fri Connacht co mór, ōir do marbsat-som a brāithri he was in feud with C., ZCP i 103 , where the construction may be personal (as in III (b) below).

(d) do-cuirethar form (dul, etc.), lit. it puts on me, hence it is incumbent on me, I must: docorastar fair dul do acallaim na hingine it behoved him (?), TBFr. 13 (but perh. pers. constr. `he took upon himself', Gloss.). docorustair fair techt a Manaind, Corm. Y 1059 . co tarla fair techt i n-ailithre (of Colum C.), Lec. 369b9 .

(e) do-cuirethar etarru they fall out, quarrel: cēin co tochra etraibh fein until you quarrel, BNnÉ 90 . tachair eter na mnaibh, ib. darala eturru ic imbert ḟidchilli ┐ Fergus F. and he quarrelled, LL 103b39 . dorala eturru ┐ Munramar, Ériu i 124 . dorala etorra ┐ clann ócc iarla D., AFM v 1718 . 1874 . dorala itir Luicet ┐ Aed . . . isin chath engaged each other, RC v 197 . go tarrla iter Aichlech ┐ Oedh B. gur fersat comlann fria chēli, Fianaig. 94 . go tarla itir in ríg ┐ in rígain, SG 250 . co tarla eatorro im na tri ndromandaib, BB 42b34 = co tarla doib, Lec. 30b4 . tarrla eturru immon n-es, Acall. 7286 . conad impi sein tarla eturru, LL 242a40 .

III During the Mid. Ir. period, when the infixed pron. began to lose its significance, do-cuirethar and esp. the perf. dorala came to be regarded as an intrans. vb. in personal construction in sense of happens to be (come); it is, however, impossible to decide whether the vb. is pers. or impers. in the sing. except in cases where the accompanying noun has distinct forms for nom. and accus.

(a) Of rest, condition: bid hé dochorad and, BDD § 66 YBL = comad he notocrad and, Eg. = co mbad sé nobeth and, LU; ib. § 54 . ní tharla bó isin recleis ind inbhaid sin, Lat. Lives 72 . ní faca riamh abhann ann, ┐ ó tharla an abhann ann, as greama mur tharrla in droichid tairsi as the river is there, it is well there is a bridge across it, Imr. Brain i 64 . is ann dorála in rí ind uair sin, fó bun darach, SG 413 . an eich dorala foa on which he was mounted, AFM vi 2216 . tug . . . urchor do cloich tarla ina láimh which chanced to be in his hand, iv 788 . dorala ambassadóir righ S. sa gcathraigh in tan sin, Fl. Earls 22 . tarla an uair sin duine uasal . . . i bpríosún ag an bprionnsa, Keat. iii 5027 . tarla an tan soin neach cumhachtach 'n-a bhíodhbhadh ag C., ii 4847 . dorala ben an oirchinnigh ag gabail secha . . ., BS 50 . is ann doralae Onchu mac S. marb sechtmain reimhe O. had happened to die a week before, BColm. 46 . doralatar in dā hapstail [déc] uile i n-oen tegdais, PH 5560 . tarladar ceathrar do chloinn C. 'n-a ngiallaibh ag Niall, Keat. ii 5956 . tarladar triúr mac aige he had three sons, 4844 . do chidhfedh mar tharla an tír he would see the country's plight, O'Gr. Cat. 466 .

(b) With prep., etc., denoting motion: is annsin dorala Becuma amach ar an ḟaithche chanced to come out, Ériu iii 162 . ised dorala anair he came from the east, RC xiii 379 . co tacradh ass a bhiadh cōir do chāch, IT iii 188 . co tocraitis asa tíribh do décsain . . . crotha Hectoir they would have come, TTr.² 1091 . doluid A. for iarraid usci ┐ dorala cosin tobur cétna, RC xxiv 198 . dia tarla sí cusin mbandtrebthaig, IT i 48 . ni thacēra d'iarmēirge, Cog. 225 (LL) = ni ticfa don ērmēirge, 10 . araili ailitir dorala do Toirinis, Todd Nenn. 212 . rosirius Magh Fáil . . . tairlius do Cill Uí S., BS 48 . docurethar in lia forru anair the stone lights on them, TBC-I¹ 1415 (LU). doleig side in gae bulgae . . . co tochrastar annuass for a chathbarr, IT ii1 184 . dorala menma Faelain fuirri, RC xxvii 262 . dorála menma a mátha(i)r uirre, RC xxix 120 . conidh hí comairle forsa tarrla the plan he hit upon, CCath. 1378 (perh. impers.). (With reflex. pron.) dosraladar for merugud they began to wander astray, RC xxiv 196 = SG 328 . is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid dochora il-lén when he falls into misfortune, LL 146b38 ( PRIA xix 544 ). lēicid C. in gae fair . . . conid anuas docorastar (tocorastar, LU) in-a mullach, TBC-I¹ 1296 . Cf. 3664 . docoras[tar] casal di nim i n-ucht Pátraic, Trip.² 1228 (impers.?). rotheilg L. in ngai . . . co tarlai il-Laeg, RC iii 178 . tharla tuagh Bhrodair i gceann Bhriain, Ériu i 88 . tus in tochrad i m-aigid to see whether she would meet me, Aen. 626 . dochear Lugaid Riabnderg do chumaid a mna . . . ┐ man a claidem fodein dorala he fell on his own sword (?), Lec. 588a43 . cia tochra int espach eturru though the onlooker should come between them, Laws ii 294 Comm.

(c) Folld. by DO (also AR, FRI) meets, comes upon, falls in with (in some of the follg. exx. the earlier meaning of the vb., not that of an intrans. vb. of motion, is still apparent): dogabh ag luamhairecht an curaigh co tarrla oilen ingnadh dō, Ériu iii 156 . docuir Nae an colum da fis an faighbeadh talamh . . . ┐ tarla dō an talumh ina roibhe, etc., Lib. Flav. i 10a30 . docurastar dam lethbarghen cruithnechta ┐ ordu ēisc = I found, got, RC x 90 (perh. impers.). tarla int ailen-sa ar A., ZCP ii 298 . docuiridar Bricriu dóib forsind ḟaithche, LL 186a42 = RC xxvi 12 . tachraid bocht dó ar in conair, Lism. L. 4305 (docuirethar, v.l.). tús . . . in taichēradh dō aen duine, Aen. 290 . dorala dam forsin sét mo choimdiu Ísu, PH 1892 . doralai dias fer n-arsatai dóib, SG ii 467 . co tarla do in bantrebtach, Hy. v 73 Comm. ( Thes. ii 345 ). co ttarla ben-gheilt dó ann, BS 108 . do bhrígh nach dtárla dhamh mo dhearbráthair T., 2 Cor. ii 13 . dochuir Banba doib, Lec. 28a30 . do-ralatar a námaitt dó, BColm. 94 . tarladur na trí righdha so da chéle, ZCP ii 38 . is mairg ar a tocherat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 . tárla bean air, Proverbs vii 10 . go dtarladar trí mic C. orra, Keat. ii 1300 ; 1273 . amail doraladar forsin topur, RC xxiv 202 . dorála a chos fri cloich, SG 403 . tárla trócaire ┐ fírinne ré chéile, Psalms lxxxv 10 . do mharbhsat gach a dtarla riú do lucht an bhaile, Keat. iii 5242 . doraladar a triur frisin n-uasal, YBL 191a16 . go dtarladar ladrainn ris, TSh. 1450 .

(d) With FRI encounters, opposes (this use is spec. frequent with the late form tachraid): roḟācaib [Fiacha] a clanna dia ēis . . . do thochar ria Padraic . . . ┐ ni tharla neach aile do cloind Ḟiachach fris acht Fothad F. amain, Lec. 143a37 . ni thagraim leat, a L., | ná re Tadg ré dtarlabhair with whom you are engaged in dispute, Content. xi 15 . mairg thochras ri clērchib cell, LL 149b26 = thochrus fri, SG 70 , 78 . gach nech tochrus ré rí[g] réil, Fianaig. 80 . tachraid re chele, Caithr. CC 52 . ba tresi nā gach trēn rotac[h]rad fris, BB 488b24 . baoi do mhéd a mhenman . . . go ttochairfedh friú, AFM v 1766 . ēcoir d'Fathod tachair frim . . . | ní do deoin Luighdech Meic Con | do thaichérad frim Fathod, Acall. 1137 . gomtis ionchatha ┐ co ttochraitis friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 144 . i mbeilgibh bélchumhgaibh i ttoc[h]raittís re aroile, AFM vi 2112 .

(e) With DO falls to the lot of, happens to, befalls (rarely in this sense with infd. dat. pron. instead of do): nachustarla anfaitchess may negligence never come upon them, BColm. 50 . dorala cōir gāithi doib fochedoir, Lec. 569a25 . co tarla anfud mór doib, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). co tarla doib imsreang curad (i.e. they engaged in struggle), Lec. 352a44 . Fiacha Fear dā liach . . . .i. liach do cach echt dorala do, 337b42 . cia imned dorala duib?, ACL iii 225 . dorala gnim n-ingnad do he happened to do a strange thing, Ériu v 114 . o tharla dhuit an gním olc, SG 29 . gia nothachrad écht dó, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . cia and do ná tochradar | bét no bine nó baeghul?, ZCP iv 468 . do Chonall dorala imdegail in chóicid it fell to C. to guard, TBC-I¹ 592 LU. rolaesead dā mac Miled crandchar iar sin forsan aes dāna .i. file ┐ cruitire . . . do Erimon dorala in file, BB 42b13 . certar crandchor léo dūs cia do thoc[h]radh dul . . . Dochuir (dofuit, v.l.) son don tres comalta, RC x 78 . rolaset chrandchor . . . conid don dull dorala tec[h]t sis, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). is ann dorala dosom a denam, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 298 ). is grad epscuip dorala do epscop Mél do thabairt for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). condarala di turgnom catha Findchorad she happened to be preparing for, Ériu ii 184 . as ag an mbile sin dorala do Dhomhnall do ueith, BS 16 . dia tochrad dó Hectoir do thuitim leis, TTr.² 973 . as maith tarrla dúind an chailleach do marbudh it is well for us that we have killed, Imr. Brain i 65 . dorala do B. beith ag saigdeoracht, Todd Nenn. 38 . is amlaid dorala do C. beith ┐ ingen alaind aici in tan sin C. happened to have a beautiful daughter, Lec. 168b16 . condusrala do Meidb dola co Boind, Ériu ii 178 . dorala intan sin do M. condacaid aislingi, ACL iii 10 . tarla dona beachuibh co ndeachadur . . ., Ériu ii 82 . tarla do beirt saighdiuir go ndechator astech i n-aroile egluis, Fl. Earls 60 .

(f) Hence in general sense of comes to pass, happens, takes place (chiefly in perf. dorala, tarla). With noun as subj. often in sense of there was , or in impers. constr. with inf. phrase or subord. sent.: forcaemnacair (.i. tarla), ACL iii 10 . in tan dorala in scēl-sa and when this event took place, PH 46 . cethracha rig dorala frisrohicad borama | o aimsir Thuathail . . . there were forty kings, Lec. 40b28 (perh. rather to be referred to II (a) = dorala cethrachait r.). ní tharla il-leitrib na lāidib . . . aen-triar ban neither in books nor songs is found a trio, 395a13 (II (a)?). go ttárla sneachta mór fán am sin ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tárla méad meanman na bhfoireann ar gcriothnughadh na long the courage of the crew was aroused, ML 46 . tarla iomchaineadh . . . eitir M. ┐ mhnáoi oile a dispute arose, BS 142 . tarla imressan eturru, Acall. 2717 . an ferand fa tharla imresuin adrum-sa ┐ C., BCC 179 . darala debaigh mor etarru, YBL 164b10 . tohruid (sic) frithnois fuigill etorro an altercation arises, Cog. 142 = tohraid (sic) frithnos, 144 . gidh bedh tochrus do bar comhrag-si whatever be the issue of your combat, Aen. 2968 (= quo res cumque cadent, Aeneid xii 203 ). maith tharla it is well, Keat. ii 4725 . dorala . . . Gortigernd mac G. do gabail airdrigi Breatan, Todd Nenn. 74 . amal dorala na dūile do chumscugud oc cēsad Crist, PH 1078 . dorala conid si sein aimser . . . (= contigit quod), Lat. Lives 5 . dorala co ndechsat immach (= casu accidit ut . . .), 76 . conid tairle co n-ebarthar mac ríg frim mac may it come to pass that, Ériu iv 24 . gé tharla gur fhōbair . . ., Fl. Earls 68 . dorala iar n-ég Gorthemuir . . . doronsat Saxain meabail for B., Todd Nenn. 102 .

IV Invites, summons (this sense may have arisen out of the meaning puts in cases where the vb. was folld. by co): gl. adsciscere, Ml. 25c13 , Sg. 6b18 , 16b8 , 61a7 ; arcessere, Sg. 184a2 ; citare, Ml. 3a1 ; exciere, 16c6 , 18d6 ; invitare, 29b1 , O'Mulc. 527 ; postulare, Corm. Y 77 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert-so fri cech nert I summon today all those powers (put . . . between me and?), Hy. vi 48 ( Thes. ii 357 ). docuirethar cétna persan sin persana aili chucae takes other persons to it, Sg. 191a2 . docuiredar gōi, inairben fīr; tocuiredar ēcert, inarben cert, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid [in comdiu] dochum nimi chuci lucht na deirce, FA 1 (LU). tocuirid na sualchi, dichurid na dualchi, PH 5614 , cf. 4992 - 5 . intí is cendais . . . tócuired in fergach co mín (= revocet), 5829 . muna tocuirit fein chuca iat, Laws v 458 Comm. rotochuir an tír chucca, Hugh Roe 36 . rostochuir ┐ rostiomairg fine Gaoidil, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rotocuirisdair G. cuice dā druid dēg, Todd Nenn. 90 . romtochuirseat ina ndocum, CCath. 983 . tochuirter iatt gusin gcaislēn, Fl. Earls 70 . co tocuiredh Eoin . . . ó Ispís ad Bathmos, BB 10a4 . rotochuiredh do a brathair, LL 402b52 . rotocuiret dia indsaighidh a slōigh, 404b39 . rodocuirit (ro tochuiritt, v.l.) Dailcais uli cucu, Cog. 74 .

do-léci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-léci or dil.ie/18012
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -teilc-, -tailc-, tilg-, tailc-, do-feilc-, teilc, nachatelcid, darlecius, tarlucus, doreilgis, dorelic, teilcithe, telcud, teilcid, tarlaicid, teilcithiu

v (* to-lēic-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 564 ); prototonic -teilc-; in Mid.Ir. also -tailc- and occas. tilg-. For the stem tailc- see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 561 , GOI p. 532 . ? 1 s. dolegem, Celtica xxv 251-52 . Also with deut. stem do-feilc-. Ipv. 2 s. teilc, Thes. ii 258.12 . 2 pl. nachatelcid, Wb. 15d4 . Perf. 1 s. darlecius (?), IT i 162 n. 11 . tarlucus, 222.8 (LU). 2 s. doreilgis, 102.24 . 3 s. dorelic, LL 3805 . Part. teilcithe. Vn. telcud. Later as simple vb. teilcid, tarlaicid. IGT Verbs § 71 .

I Lets come, lets go, lets loose .

(a) dosleici Cuchulaind riam lets them go before him (?), TBC-I¹ 770 . nísteilcset a ndrúid ass sein would not let them set out thence, 20 . nistailcc Medb isin chath M. did not let them into the battle, 3538 . ni tarlaiced . . . dochum in chatha, LL 119a6 . snithe ōir fria etan conna teilged a folt fo agid to keep his hair from (falling about) his face, IT i 131.21 . dolléic sechund int ech-sin `let that horse pass us', RC iii 183.35 . — tuleic isin les, ar N. Dolleig an dorrsaidh seca let (us) enter . . . let them pass, xii 78 § 71 . rofurim a cend fond usci . . . nis tarlaic súas did not let her up (?), viii 152.21 . nachatelged i tír let him not allow him to land, Ériu i 114 § 3 . ní tharlaic Bodb . . . Cliach dochum síd fer Femon would not allow C. to approach, Metr. Dinds. iii 224 . ni ba comus do . . . cu telgi a drutha . . . cu pennaid he will not be empowered to admit . . . to penance, Lib. Flav. i 26 va . áilsi P. ara tailced maccu Cathbad leo P. besought him to let C.'s sons go, Trip. 342.24 . rí rochart Moise . . . co Forann . . . co tarlaiced uad clanna Israhél, SR 3831 .

(b) With DO of pers. lets go . . . to, gives up, concedes . . . to: dolleicther a rrígtech dóib the palace is left to them, FB § 55 . mad ferr intí dia teilge [inn abdaine] ar do feilge osar do tsinser, O'D. 554 ( H 3.17 437 ). ma tarluic a n-anail doib `if he has allowed them breathing time', Laws v 140.25 ; TBC-I¹ 2192 . doleicfithi dō a mbad sāiream na mban that the noblest of the women would be given up to him, TBC-I¹ 1126 . dolēicset dūnad do Muinn, 2905 . dolēcet a seotu ┐ a téchta ndó, ZCP xi 97 § 60 . dollēce (tolleci, talleci, dalleci, v.l.) dorche do sorche, dollece brōn do fhāilti darkness yields itself (gives way) to light (reflex.?), 96 § 54 . muna telgadh a saoire doibh unless he would grant them their freedom, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.26 . Hence absol. allows: is head doleici cét slechtain this is what he allows (` performs '), Mon. Tall. § 28 . Cf. also: ni theilgset dáil na dliged they admitted neither judgement nor law (?), LL 1214 = nir theilgsead d.¤ . . . i n-Inis Fail na fuineadh, BB 33b3 . doléci don (traigid) yields place (a foot), gives way (to): cia dudfailci don gl. cesserit, Ml. 111b23 . dofarlaic don gl. cessit, Tur. 99 ; Ml. 35a1 , 131b2 . ni tarlicid traigid seodo-apostolis yield ye no foot to pseudo-apostles, Wb. 23c4 . teilg traigid dom, TBC-LL¹ 2309 . teilgis C. traigid ar cūl dó, 2314 . is andsin dollēici C. traigid for cūlu re Fergus . . . ara teilced F. traig dō i llō chatha, TBC-I¹ 2153 - 5 . With FRI: doléicc fria dá bráthair marbad Pátraic left it to his two brothers to kill P., Trip.² 1491 .

(c) With FOR lit. allows to come upon: rí tarlaic Muir Romuir ruad | for Forainn cona mórsluag, SR 4021 . ri tharlaic cuce . . . na gorta fora cholainn (of Christ's fast in the wilderness), 7577 . dia ndama næ for tir .i. duleice in duine cessad fair (i.e. undergoes suffering?), Auraic. 1610 . ni teilg nech dib cinta for araile none of them has transferred the crimes to another, Laws ii 280.3 Comm. biathadh dāime tarluic in brathuir ar araile which the kinsman transferred to (let devolve on) the other, i 142.24 Comm. Note also: is gnáth inso dond óis glicc dolleicet forru in dáil that they let the delay (?) come upon them (i.e. suffer themselves to be delayed?), Wb. 13b13 (`pretend to be delayed', Marstrander s.v. 3 dál supra). occasionem damus vobis gloriandi pro nobis .i. nachatelcid fuirib let it not come on yourselves (i.e. do not transfer the boast to your own account; the gloss refers to the words pro nobis, cf. 6 follg.), 15d4 .

With I N-; nach ainim do-lece (dofeilce, v.l.) domaine i trebad which brings about disadvantage to the husbandry, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 24 § 6 .

(d) lets loose, lets go or fall (on), often in hostile sense, esp. with FOR of pers.: dar dreich ṅdomuin . . . dolēcub tonngur ndilenn, SR 2428 . roteilced sroibthene fornaib cōic cathrachuib, Ériu ii 140 § 142 . dia tarlaicthe athach uachta isin mbith, 134 § 113 . dolléicthe tri caittini dia saigid, FB § 57 . doliged coimrith con ┐ curad . . . da hinnsaighi, Fianaig. 64.15 . doleigid cáirigh neimhe a phuball rígh Lochlann chuca, Imr. Brain i 59.26 . tech lán do loscannaib dofarlaicthe dún were let loose on us, JRSAI 1870-1, 386 . tolléicset slóg fair inna dūn, Ériu iii 137.56 . (reflex.) dosrelic T. for sluag nUlad threw himself on, charged, ZCP iii 43 . doléig fá chathaibh Chuinn é féin, ML 28.16 .

II Hence throws, casts, hurls and related meanings: tarlaic .i. do chaith. tarlaicthe .i. do caitheadh, O'Cl.

(a) teilgc cenn meic Bachari 'mach, SR 6979 . rothilg . . . asa dilait é threw him out of his saddle, ZCP vi 29.37 . rotilgsit Sir G. risin sruth, 94.24 . dotheilg san chorn é, SG 240.27 . mo psaltair . . . dusfarlaic fon linn láin, BS 8.2 . do theilg san tobar é, TSh. 5052 . do theilgeadar cranncair they cast lots, Psalms xxii 18 .

(b) Of missiles: dolleici cloich asa thailm, TBC-I¹ 815 . nothelged a chlettini, TBC-LL¹ 892 . il-ladair rateilgthea (of the gae mbulga), 3874 . in goth néit tarlaic Ferches, LL 132a28 . tairlig a lig he flung his stone, RC xvi 147 . saiget . . . dusfarlaic Dallan, Anecd. ii 66.12 . na caertha teinedh do theilgdis dibh, CF 580 . tarlaicsett (sic MS.) cetha cruinphiler a mórgonnadhaibh they discharged showers of balls from cannons, Hugh Roe 314.14 . The pers. (thing) aimed at is introduced by DO, FOR, or other prep.: tolleice C. cloch dō, TBC-I¹ 825 . tarlacit dó na trí coicait bunsach, TBC-LL¹ 917 . dolléci . . . fidchilli don techtaire flings a chessboard at, FB § 61 . tarlaic sleig fair, TBC-LL¹ 2828 . tarlaicset Grecraigi clocha for Pátraic, Trip.² 1587 . dosléged tathbe[i]m forsna heonu, Ériu i 114 § 2 . bás Mongain . . . don ail do teilcc Artuir air, ZCP vi 269 § 7 . tarlaiced forcha tened ina chend-sum, Trip. 464.15 . dosléigi D. saigid isin choirthi, ZCP xiii 177.24 . rothelgiusa gai chucutsu, IT i 103.1 . doligedar cetha soighed ris, ZCP vi 60.19 . tarluig in sleig fuithib, Laws i 6.3 . tarlaic urchur fuithib, RC v 199.11 . Impers. construction: na Troiandai . . . tarlaic foithib co mor otconcadar a rigmilid do tuitim ┐ roascna uaidib a mbruth ┐ a mbrig it was a sore blow to them (?), BB 436a51 .

With transference of obj.: tarlucus urchur dom sleig, LU 3858 ( SCC § 38 ); TBC-I¹ 677 , 2499 ; CCath. 5611 . ní rotheilc imroll riam he never hurled (a missile) that missed its aim, Anecd. i 6.2 . rogab C. in Duaibsech .i. a shleg fadéin . . . tarlaic rout n-urchair uad di, CRR § 51 . tar gach ndiubhraccadh do tarlaicedh etorra, AFM vi 2308 .

(c) throws off, rejects: go tteilc gach dos dlaoi da clúimh till the bushes cast their leaves, ZCP viii 222 § 8 . ? imtuca (= imthugae?) dodafeilgid .i. is ferr leo ni ro do saidh dhe iar toga a mbas oldas a mbetha, O'Curry 469 ( H 3.18 246 ). teilgidh do dhruim a mheanman gach bagar do-ní Dia air amhail do theilgfeadh gallán gaoine an t-ord do buailfidhe uirre, TSh. 1943 . in chuid sin go dteilgitt Gaill may foreigners reject that portion, MR 32 . ní thorlaic side (chucai) scél Polidaim he did not reject P.'s story, TTr.² 1816 . teilgthear sealg ód chuimne forget the chase, Oss. vi 118 . In follg. exx. the idea is rather that of striking off than of throwing: buailis C. a ramhar a muiníl gur theilg in cenn dá choluinn, Ériu viii 139.27 . buaileas . . . do claideamh é gur theilg a dhá chois de, CF 102 (Eg.).

(d) lets down, lowers, casts down , with or without sís or similar adv.: dolécet huadib sís gl. demittunt, Ml. 121b2 . teilcithiu gl. demisso, 54d11 . condarlicthe tech immunn di nim that a house should be let down . . . from heaven, Wb. 15d13 . ind long cethararddidi doleced do nim, FA § 2 . telciter sís i fudamain iffirnd, § 28 . tōcbam cridi suas; teilgem gnúissi sís, ACL iii 313 § 19 . teilcid sís na seólu strike sails, BDD § 48 . telgid a seolu ┐ tiagait ar imrum, Aen. 106 . Oft. reflex.: a ndusleicet inna rind when the planets sink, BCr. 8b10 ( Thes. ii 11 ). doslecfitis nimhe for talmain the heavens would fall upon earth, Ériu ii 140 § 152 . talleici 'na slechtain kneels down , TBC-I¹ 1217 . dolig ara glūinib ē, ZCP vi 25.16 . condatarlaic frisin tenid sat down by the fire, LL 274b4 . nach duine dodforlaic inna fhoscudh, Ériu ii 116 § 50 . dolleci cach dib fria celi contuiliut they lie down in pairs, IT i 145.13 . Somet. with IMM in this sense: dolleici a cend immon cloich, IT i 82.2 . cloch fail i mmedón ind átha dosleice impe she seats herself on it, RC xiii 452.18 . commad im claideb dodoléced he fell on his sword, RC xvi 414.27 . Throws down, overthrows: dolleci C. a rrígthech sís, FB § 25 . lia mhor . . . co tarlaicedh a leth n-íochtarach do Chluain mic Nóis las an uiscce, AFM ii 646.9 . Hence by extension destroys: iss andsu dúib ind naithir . . . Dolléicetar iltúatha dí, TBFr. 415 (`many countries are left a prey to it', Études Celt. ii 13 , cf. ZCP iv 46.15 ). rochindistair [Dia] huili dāine do teilcend, Lec. 66b44 (confusion with dílgend?).

(e) lets fall, spills, sheds (extension of preceding): dofarlaicc déra, Trip.² 2093 . tarlaic M. déra, RC ii 390 § 19 . tir a teilcmis ar ndēra, ACL iii 311 § 4 . banna dorelic assa gruad, ZCP xii 379.8 . co tarlaic a déra fola, BDD § 106 . ni teilcfider fuil isin inud-sa co bráth, Trip. 470.3 . imeasorgain oca teilgtar fuili, Laws v 476.25 . doléci fuil draws blood (somet. with prep. ASS and perh. rather to be classed under follg. paragraph): ni theilcfet fir iffirn fuil essiut co bráth, LL 283b46 , cf. Fél. p. 152 . intí asa teilced fuil, ba marb re ndē nōmaide, TBC-I¹ 1488 . ní beo dia telcenn fuil he from whom it (a spear) draws blood dies, ZCP xii 244.13 . tuc fascadh ar T. cor theilg braen fola ar barr gach meoir da meraibh, CF 207 . In follg. late ex. apparently intrans. flows: da mbia an fuil tiugh ní teilginn acht 'na baindedhaib becca, 23 F 19, 7va38 .

(f) throws out, ejects , oft. with ASS: telgidh an t-inadh an t-aer as, Ir. Astr. Tr. 146.24 . teilgtear as na drochdháoine, Proverbs xii 7 . gach deoch no eabdais dusrelcctís hi frithisi they would vomit, Hugh Roe 24.1 = notelgdís, AFM vi 1918.16 . mad eisealbach an duine ┐ gurub baeghal telgan do denam do if there be danger of his vomiting, 23 P 10, 67.47 . nausae (= nausea) . . . maille re fonn teilgthe, 24 P 3, 56.7 . Loosely used in follg.: tarlaicc a cloidim asa tenntig he drew (lit. let loose) his sword from its scabbard, Grail 1891 .

(g) sends out, emits , utters (extension of preceding in various senses): tolléic a osnaid, FB § 88 . dauirtech .i. tech a telcter duair (focail), Laws v 102.28 Comm. tarlag-sa chucu . . . focla finda filed, Anecd. i 47 § 4 . dia ēcnuch ┐ aithisib . . . dolléici tenga cāich, Ériu ii 118 § 56 . Ferta Esclaim . . . a telctis cesta fir maith `where good men used to cast questions' (put, ask questions?), Metr. Dinds. ii 20 . ma dofeilget a neipert a narach doib `if they give their word as a bond (?)' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 717 ( H 3.17 523 ). a ghnúis do theilg ruithneadh róis, A. Ó Dálaigh xx 14 . doléci anáil exhales breath: crét tái cen t'anál do lécud immach anossa? uair is menic rothelcis anallana hí, PH 8135 . dia ttealccat an lucht úd a n-anala if . . . get breathing time, AFM v 1766 (cf. I (b) supra).

(h) Various: tailcidh bar ccurcha isin tracht, Anecd. ii 15.23 . rotilgedh ar in muir iad were cast adrift, KMMisc. 318.27 . teilcfidhther sil Bríain tar an Sinainn will be driven, ZCP iii 32.7 . ortsa do teilgiodh mé ón mbroinn I was cast upon thee, Psalms xxii 10 . íarraigh ar tús flaitheas Dé . . . ┐ teilgfidhthear na neithe-si uile chugaibh shall be added unto you, Matthew vi 23 . doléige i n-athghoirit gacha conaire lets loose (his troops), Hugh Roe 98.9 .

III leaves, abandons: tarlacmar ar tir tria bitho, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 52 . doléicfider Hēriu secht mbliadna ria mbráth, RC xxvi 48 . isin dara bliadain . . . dolléicset Gōidil Manaind, ZCP viii 327.33 . dobert side dó Mag T.; tallēicc a shíl íar cath C., 308.17 . doroiffnetar maicc ind rīg | co tarlaic tir nGoedel ngarg, xii 387.19 . (Fig.) nā telg . . . in mbrēithir adrubairt; nicon biad do māine dia trēicea, Ériu v 236.79 .

IV casts in one's mind, weighs, considers, forms an opinion or plan (late use): intí dar dlighidh nadura m'fhuil do dīn, go t[e]ilginn bāss d'imert orum plans to inflict death on me, Fier. 12 . gur theilg se beith a cumsanad (= ut requiem sibi daret proposuit), ITS xix 2 . madh ail leat folmugud ele do denam, teilg ce an linn as cinntach, 23 P 10³, 53b20 . teilgim gurub beg nach leor, etc. I opine , 23 P 10³, 37b27 .

V Intrans. betakes oneself, goes (prob. orig. reflex. lets oneself go): dolléci i mbudin Conculaind, FB § 11 . robretha a chlár cle frisna sluagaib, co tarlaic i Taurloch Caille, TBC-LL¹ 671 . in c(h)eili hi do-feilge don flaith the (other) client who contracts with the lord (goes over to? `der den Herrn annimmt'), ZCP xiv 392 § 60 ( Laws ii 338 ). ara telgdis ind loingsig dia mbailib ifrithisi that the exiles might return to their homes, BB 500a14 . romaedh marbadh na muinntir[e] meni telgdis uadh, 396a12 = mina deachdais, RC xvi 151 . Intrans. with prep. DO goes to, falls to (the possession of): o ré Cormaic . . . is doib tarlaic in tor tiar, Cog. 124.30 .

foscad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foscad or dil.ie/24064

 

Forms: foscud, foscud, foiscthe, foscaidh, foscaigthe, foscaithe, foscdae, foscthib, foscadaib

n u, o, n., later m. d s. foscud, Ml. 50d7 . a s. in foscud , Lism. L. 1469 . n p. foiscthe, LB 51b30 . foscaidh, RC xliii 106 § 23 . foscaigthe (= foscaithe ?), CCath. 1581 (foiscti v.l.). g p. foscdae, Sg. 63a15 . d p. foscthib, LL 239a37 . foscadaib, TBC-LL¹ 5271 .

(a) a shadow (cast by an opaque body) : fosgadh .i. sgaile, O'Cl. co faca F. f.¤ in ḟir riam ┐ doleig sleg fua scath, BB 376a41 ( Dinds. 49 ). for f.¤ Brigte (= in umbra Brigidae) Lat. Lives 78 . BENAID F.¤ FRI (I) casts a shadow against (i.e. is close to but does not touch ?) : trilis [da fult] ... co mbenad f.¤ fri colptha, TBC-LL¹ 214 (= co mbenad a da colptha, LU 4519 ). Cf. abrait duib ... co mbentais foscod i mmedón a da gruaide, LU 4515 . gunbenat foscud fri folt ┐ fri leccainn in laích so that they nearly graze (of two swords used in a feat) LL 266a13 ( MU² 544 ). Fig. : dósuidigthi .i. cechtar naí fo leith cen béim foscdae innalaill (gl. apposita) Sg. 63a15 . Of a shadow as opposed to reality : roercransat ... amal f.¤ no ciaig, PH 4265 . don [ḟ]oscud fallsa (i.e. the transitory world), ACL iii 238 § 15 . Cf. lotar iarsein hi f.¤ a scail ┐ ni arrdraigestar a ndūn, ZCP xx 220 - 24 ( xiii 373 ) = lotar a foscadh an scail, iii 460.15 .

Shade, gloom: hi foscudh báis (= in umbra mortis) Trip. 2.4 (4) . i foscud in bais, YBL 149b37 . flaithemnas fascaid in bais ib. 34 . hi foscud menman, Ml. 50d7 . tres na foiscthib ... ifirnd, TTebe 596 .

(b) adumbration, form or outline ; refracted light, glimmer: imanaicet ... delba ┐ foscud muintire nime, LB 254a40 ( FA 5 = fóscugud, LU 1985 ). atcondairc fosgadh ┐ fíorscáile iatha ... uaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 242 . ri foscthib lassamna ... na lecg logmar, LL 239a37 ( TTr. 1664 ` gleams '). tíscébad frigit fri foscod in claidib could pick up a flesh-worm by the glimmer of the sword (?) LU 7366 ( BDD 99 ). Possibly in the follg. : gae súlech go foscadaib, TBC-LL¹ 5271 = Corm. Y 3212 ; `mit (hellen) Schatten' Wind. gae ... go foscathaib, TBC-LL¹ 5571 = co foscod, TBC-I¹ 3366 . dá manaís ... co suainemaib lín ... a foscadaib na crand, Acall. 233 (which suggests that the `foscada' were the loops on the spear-socket or possibly the `súili' or blade-apertures of later development, see Macalister, Archaeology of Irel. p. 76 - 77 ). Cf. also : do ghabh a chlaidhemh ... go bḟed [see fet], go bḟigh ┐ go bḟosgadh, RC xxix 128 § 37 , and see 1 foscadach.

(c) by extension used of sounds (prob. in strict sense of distant or indistinct sounds : ni chualaid ... fascad gotha Cellaig thall isin oilén, LB 274b57 ( SG 57.41 ) = foscad a nErinn, Caithr. CC 527 . an tí ... chluinfes guth feadoige ... no fuaim crionaigh ... no fosgadh eóin os fiodhbaidh, BS 104.2 . ... uirsleibhi frisi mbenait na tri foscaidh .i. foscadh gaeithi ..., RC xliii 106 § 111 . fosgadh garbhghaoithe ... re fiodhbhadh, Todd Lect. iv 94.4 . fosgadh a stuic ... do chluindís na slóigh, Ériu i 100.3 . re f.¤ faídhemhail ... na téd ┐ na timpán, MR 168.22 . binne a bhél ná fosgadh crot, L. Cl. A. B. 115.16 . Cf. adchualattar ... fosccadh scceóill eiccin `some rumour' AFM v 1658.6 .

(d) in fig. sense semblance, foreshadowing, type: f.¤ nuiadnissi (gl. umbra futurorum) Wb. 27a25 . fiugra ┐ foiscthe fetarlaicthe, LB 15b30 ( PH 5293 ). foiscthe ┐ sígne, LB 257a66 . Cf. donfofoscaig .i. dorigne sin [leg. sinn ?] conid foiscte ... dó (= ad similitudinem Dei facti sumus) Thes. ii 351.20 ( Hy vi 5 n .).

(e) a shade, (departed) spirit (an imitation of Lat. umbra) : atconnairc ... foscud salach dorcha (= umbram) Lat. Lives 87 . foiscte ┐ fantaisi na carat batar marba, CCath. 4801 . na foiscti, 898 (= umbrae Luc. Phars. i 565 ). Hence a figment, an imaginary or invented form , (of the comparison Lat. `Virgil[i]us, Virg[i]lior') : ni bfuil connelg ar aī chēille and ... acht is cruthugud frie fousgadh and sin, Auraic. 3335 .

(f) shade, shelter and fig. protection: rapa dítin tri chet láech | foscod in craind, LL 27b46 ( Ériu xiv 160 ). cét laech no ditned ar thess ... ba foscud ┐ ba imdegail (of the Dond Cuailnge) TBC-LL¹ 1535 . Wi. takes ba = fo a ; but perh. we should put comma after dítned and transl. `he was a shelter' ?). a scoil Feniusa Forrsaidh ... gabair in foscudh san ` custom ' Laws ii 348.24 Comm. [ = v 96.25 `shelter' ; `Schutz (?)' Thurn. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 10 n. 9 ]. ó imlibh críoch ┐ o fosgadhaibh iath (of ships putting out to sea) ML 46.7 ( ML² 666 ). fosgadh nó díon ón doininn, TSh. 2561 . ionad díona ná fosgaidh, 2483 . do bhí tú ... ad ḟasgadh ón stoirm, Isaiah xxv 4 . ina cleith ḟosccaidh ... ag gach áen, AFM vi 2106.18 . cliath fhosgaidh , O'R. Poems 664 . fagbas ... a chloind | i f.¤ ceneoil Conaill `under the protection of C.' Fen. 330.16 . a foscadh to protect her (Ireland) Hackett xlv 12 .

Cf. icc it[h]i ... i f.¤ ┐ i fiadnaisi in daim alaind orda (of the Israelites) BB 241a31 = YBL 291a13 (= fiad deilb ind ócdaim, SR 4120 ; but : diabul ... teit isin dam ... ┐ boí oc ithe ... in ḟeoir i ḟ.¤ in talman ┐ i ḟiadnaise chāich, LB 120a23 .

1 gláed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gláed or dil.ie/25927

 

n ā, f., also o, m. (?) a shout, a loud call (used of utterances of men and animals): in tan dobeir in leo a glaid ass, RC xx 410.1 ( ACC 133 Comm. ). amal gláid ṁbind ind leoman, 408.15 . éirghis ... in bainléo ┐ dobheir a gláoidh moir osaird, BNnÉ 84 § 172 . doleig F. glaodh mór isin cúan, IT ii2 125.89; 93 . do aitin gurbí glaodh Fergusa í, tucc a ghlaodh churadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 339 n. 4 . glǽdh cuirre, BS 102.y . glaodh O. ag dul do sheilg, Oss. iv 16.13 . g s. ag legen na cétgl[a]ídhi, IT ii2 126.100 . pl. eamnait a nglaedha na sinnaigh, RC i 36.29 (gl. fr. H.3.18). o gloedaib ... na ṅdémna, PH 5625 . nolindais ifern da nglaodhaib et beicethaigh, Aisl. Tond. 104.10 .

Compds. ¤béiccedach: howling, shouting, a blaring sound: glaodvheicet[h]och na piast, Aisl. Tond. 104.19 . glaedh-beccedaigh na stocc, CCath. 3106 . glaéidhbeicedhach, gáir ┐ gredhan a ngalgat, AFM vi 2116.18 . ¤gal bawling (?): demhna ag glaedhgail (blaodhaigh, v.l.), BNnÉ 99 § 11.

spraicemail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. spraicemail or dil.ie/38671

 

adj (spraic) vigorous, powerful : doleig spuir co s.¤ isin sded, ZCP vi 280.6 .