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1 adb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adb or dil.ie/326

Forms: aidhbhe, adhbha, adhbha

n in phrase a.¤ chiúil. adhbh (chiúil) f. (g s. aidhbhe, adhbha, n p. adhbha), IGT Decl. § 39 . musical instrument: badar . . . timpana et clairsiocha ┐ gach adbh ceóil . . . ag a seinm inntib, Aisl. Tond. 114.6 . orgáin ┐ adhbha ciúil, Desid. 2639 . an adhbh chiúil do bí na bhois / carbh gan sdiúir í na égmais, IGT Decl. ex. 1077 . cor adbh ciúil gan crand glesta . . . an tuath tar eís Coluim Cille, BCC § 366 (= an doman as cruit gan ceis in poem ib.). go n-dechaid an cráisich tres an aidhbh ciúil ┐ tre uchtbruinne an oirfidich, Celt. Rev. iv 112.11 .

Cf. 2 adba, adbann.

adbchlos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbchlos or dil.ie/355

n (*ad-fo-clos?) o, [later u?].

(a) pomp, vainglory: do adbchlois (g s.) gl. pompae Ml. 40d19 . nīb ar adbchloss do dōinib, ba ar Dia gacha ndēne `for glory before men', Ériu ii 172 § 5 . im anudh menmon um adhbclosaib in betha, Laws v 130.3 Comm. erchra in t-saegail i n-a gloir ┐ i n-a ádbchlos, PH 3983 . no ḟodhladh gach ní fagaibedh ar adbclos ó doinibh, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 1 . díumas ┐ ádclos ┐ bocasach, LB 235a38 . cen a.¤ cen athmaithium, 261a77 . in doman cona adbclossaib, ZCP iii 453.24 .

(b) In good sense glory, praise, fame: ar adbch[l]os ┐ ar a áne (gloss on: ar adbud), ACC 121 ( RC xx 400 ). ? conid fri súan senbath srethaib cerd adbchlosaib erred, LU 10258 (rhetoric). ba faoilidh fri Golam, ar aoi a adhbhclois ┐ a oirrdercais, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.31 . a lleith oinigh ┐ adhbchlossa, ALC ii 368.19 . ní clú fás . . . adhbhchlos ingine Uaitéir, MS. Mat. 565.34 . go ngloir ┐ go n-adbc[h]loss don Athoir, Fl. Earls 160.2 . adhbchlos .i. áoibhneas, O'Cl.

ainetta(i)l

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainetta(i)l or dil.ie/1311

adj i (eta(i)l) impure, sinful: for sluag n-anhettail n-Iffirn, SR 950 . nech bes anetal mibesach, O'Curry 833 ( H 3.18, 381b ). homon anetoil, ZCP iii 450.6 . trī nāmaid anmo: doman, dīabul ┐ forcetlaid (forcetal v.l.) anetail, 452.21 . ecnaid anettoil anbal, Ériu i 198.2 . cach [e]atail ma fo-n-oir anetail, Laws iii 34.2 (cf. O'Dav. 506 ) .i. cuna ro foirgea in tinglan he, 17 Comm. comloigthe cach etal iar nanetal, 36.3 .i. comarléctar in tetol risin anetul isin eclais, 14 Comm.

airchoimted

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchoimted or dil.ie/1736
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: airchoitmed

vn. of ar-coimtimm, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 512 . Later also airchoitmed. act of excusing, excuse: ni tellfea doib irchoimted in hora iudicii , Wb. 26a23 . inn erchoimded gl. apologiam, Tur. 82 . ní damdatar erchoimded they suffered (i.e. would take) no excuse, Trip.² 2383 . cid ara cuirther do trise ina lesa so? co tardad neach [cach] urcomded de, Laws i 236.10 . d'erchuitmed a chinad le[s]-sium = quasi excusationem habeat, PH 5165 . robói . . . oc erchoitmiud (erchoitmedmiud, MS.) na tánaic . . . ar ro boi a tromgalar, TTr.² 809 . Erchoitmed ingine Gulidi, title of a story, Hib. Min. p. 65 . ier ttabairt a choipsen go huilidhi gan urchuidmedh fon doman , Fl. Earls 154.22 . As comic n.pr.: frisrogart Aurchuitmhe (Aurchoimned v.l.) mac Sodethbir . . . co n-erbuirt sidhe ac urchuitmhe (aurcomdet, aurchuidbeth v.ll.) assa leith, Anecd. ii 68.2 . ? ag urchuitmhe (oc aurchoim, oca hurcoim v.l.) ar Themraig, 53.z. urchuidmheadh .i. diúltadh no leithsgéal, O'Cl. Cf. auráin .i. aurcomndeth, O'Curry 123 ( H 3.18, 75a ). tícht co P. do erchoitmed fris to make excuses for him to P., Trip.² 2173 . ba h-irchuitbed fri foigdech 'making excuses to a beggar', MacCongl.² 27.854 = aerchuidmeadh fri foigeach, BB 66b37 = airchisecht fri f., Triads 83 . bai . . . B. . . . ic erchoitmhedh frisna cléirchibh expostulating with, Lism. L. p. 224 n. 2 . ? aurcoimde . . . im biadh, ┐ cidh adhaltras no techt for coibdelaigh do cach aon chena is inann ┐ in teisinnracas mbreithre, O'Curry 1947 ( 23 Q 6, 50 b ). cethardha foloing imarbas . . . slatratu ┐ urcoimded, Laws iii 92.12 . ? cedfaidh cach nurcoimdedh uadha som, iv 356. 18, 21 .

aittrebachan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aittrebachan or dil.ie/2842

n = aittrebad: ni fedfaidis . . . aitreabocan da denamh isin aird bu dheas don doman , Ir. Astr. Tr. 62 y . nach fedaid . . . aitrebachan ann, 64.12 .

anad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anad or dil.ie/3265

n u, m. vn. of 1 anaid. IGT Verbs § 80 . See GOI § 849 .

(a) act of staying, stopping, remaining: do a.¤ dar téssi `to remain in thy stead', Wb. 31d13 . isin n-a.¤ gl. in otium, Ml. 35c9 . ferr lium indás a.¤ / scarad frisin ṅdomun, Fél. Ep. 367 . dogegaind a.¤ sunn for bicc ḟeraind, Trip.² 1273 . ar in séd ara-tám ne, is annso ata a anadh resting place, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.6 . bur n-anadh ag Áth Senaicch / galur gnath do Gaidhelaib your death at Áth S., Irish Texts ii 11.9 . go h-ionadh a h-anta to the place of its residence, ML 48.23 . seóid cáigh ní héidir dh'fanadh `man's wealth cannot last', Ériu ix 166.30 . a.¤ co waiting till: a.¤ co roisc bēim an cluig to wait till the bell has stopped ringing, ZCP vii 310 § 5 . a.¤ I N-: im a.¤ in Ephis, Wb. 27d19 . a na.¤ isin doiri `that they should remain in the Captivity', Ml. 131d11 . doarngert [int-aingel] bitha.¤ isin chill sin, RC xxiv 56 § 17 . a.¤ FRI act of waiting for: mad mac cunntabartach . . . is a.¤ fris no co tuca fine-guth ┐ fine-cruth ┐ fine-bes, Laws v 454.16 Comm. (or in sense (d)?). anadh ris an eiccen sin do ghenam, Cog. 214.22 . nir fhulaing doib a.¤ ris, TTebe 4866 . is emilt linde . . . a.¤ fri gach ní labras in duan, Fen. 46.18 . ? cen anid fris gl. suspendat, Ml. 27b16 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 455 ). a.¤ AR act of agreeing to: a.¤ ar sám-chomadaibh sídha, MR 194.19 . a.¤ OC: ro geallsad anadh ac Mac Murchadha ┐ ac a tsíl go bráth to submit to(?), Expugn. Hib. § 8 .

(b) act of withstanding, resisting: ag aithne anta dá n-ógaib `exhorting their men to stand to it' (in the coming fight), Caithr. Thoirdh. 102.37 . ar n-aomad anta do na huaislib `the gentlemen being resolved to stand their ground', 114.2 . ic urail inn anta, CCath. 5965 . Hence of a military attribute: fer ro badh dearscaightech iocht ┐ eineach . . . anadh ┐ oirisiomh `steadiness', AFM vi 2350.2 . fear roba fearr troid, ┐ tachar . . . ionnsaighidh ┐ anadh, iii 468.6 .

(c) act of stopping, ceasing; stop, cessation . Freq. in phrase cen a.¤ : Aingil Dé . . . aridfetis cen a.¤ `without ceasing', Thes. ii 320.6 (Hy. ii). ropo dóig lind cen a.¤ / noco bíad ar n-imscarad we always thought, LU 3969 ( SCC 45 ). secht sailm . . . a ngabāil sin gan anadh, ZCP xiii 10.1 . .x. c. torc uaithib gan a.¤ immediately(?), BB 269b22 . a.¤ DE desisting from, refraining from: a.¤ dind imguin, LU 3791 ( SCC 36 ). a.¤ d'innlāgad colla, ACL iii 311 ix 3 . a.¤ dom rith robāisi, 312 § 9 . a.¤ do molad Crist `(my advice is) to cease worshipping Christ', PH 2418 . a.¤ OC: tria a.¤ aice `through the week stopping at it' (Sunday), PH 3586 . act of desisting from: boeth da cach duine ar doman / a.¤ ica ádmoladh to cease to praise Him(?), LB 227 marg. sup. cen a.¤ oc aine, 151a39 . a.¤ ó refraining from, remaining away from: a.¤ o pecdaib, PH 3455 . geis dó anmhuin ó ḟaghail `desisting from foray', TD 19.9 . anadh ō Ifearnn, DDána 22.8 . A pause in metre: caide dethbir itir duain ┐ tririg . . . duan .i. da anadh inte, IT iii 105 § 209 .

(d) In Laws of the respite or period of stay during which a distrained article (see athgabáil) remained in the hands of the defendant (debtor), who in turn gave a `gell' as guarantee of later satisfaction of the claim. This seems to have been the procedure in the `athgabál iar fut' (distress with time). In the `athgabál tulla' (immediate distress) the article distrained was immediately transferred to the custody of the claimant instead of being left for its `anad' with the defendant (Plummer MS notes). See O'Don. Suppl., Laws i 208 . a.¤ cach athgabala iar fut isedh dithim cach athgabala taulla cen a.¤ itir, Laws i 210.28 .i. in re iarsambi in athgabail ar fut ar a.¤ i laim cintaig cin fogeltadh cin bleth cin lobadh do dul ina cenn, is e re iarsa teit fogeltadh ┐ bleth i cend na hathgabala tulla cen anadh itir . . . .i. bid anadh for cach athgabail bis iar fut oc cintach; is ditim . . . fo cetoir i cend na hathgabála tulla, 212.20 Comm. a.¤ cintaidh as edh dithim inbleoghain i.e. if the defaulter obtains a.¤ the relative immediately gives a `gell', O'D. 574 (H 3.17, c. 443). nocho néicin fasc na athghabhala ar ut do breith, óir a láimh in bidbuidh bís sí fri ré nanta, 616 (H 3.17, c. 459). The rules for a.¤ differed in cáin and urradus: nochon fuilit ree nanta re athgabala cána amuil ata re athgabala urradhuis, 621 (H 3.17, c. 461(2)-3).

angbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. angbaid or dil.ie/3623

adj Mid. Ir. writing of an(d)gaid, O'Brien, Ériu xi 157 . Distinct word, LEIA (andach). wicked; fierce, ruthless: angbhaidh .i. peacadh, O'Cl. angbhaidh .i. cruaidh an gaisgeadh, ib. lorc didiu a.¤ nó lainn-fordiuclandtaid, Dinds. 9 ( BB 357a46 ) = O'Mulc. 780 . droch-mac Iesse aṅgbaid (Saul of David), SR 6138 . i cin for nidal naṅgbaid, 5483 . Ailill angbaidh (he was guilty of rape), Anecd. i 51 § 8 . a lucht in sceoil scithaṅgbaid (of wicked women), Rawl. 72a26 . Adam is Eua aṅgbaid, LL 17402 . rīgh rogabh in doman thair / dar comainm Irūath anbaig, Ériu iv 174 § 3 , xi 157 . duine angbuid nobid oc slat, Trip. 482.2 = andgaid, Trip.² 2612 . ailgisach angbaidh in fear dana, BB 259b6 . Aithirni aṅgbaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.53 . on droing a.¤ anniartha, Cog. 50.22 . in cath-milid . . . a.¤ , 194.18 . d'Éireamhón angbaidh, Content. v 32 . Of animals: fúargg ind eich a.¤ amnais, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.82 . romarb ind leoman n-aṅgmaidh, LL 397b7 . ar cach naen anmand nangbuidh, uair angbaidh cach míl a comaiches trespassing animals(?), Laws iv 82.2 Comm. ba . . . angbhuidh adhuathmhar an míl, Lism. L. 2216 . Of a place: sīraitreb ifirn a.¤ , Ériu iii 30 § 16 . o Drobaís dianaṅgbaid, LL 1023 . mac on Echtgi aṅgbaid, Anecd. i 49 § 16 . Of actions, fights, etc.: cuibleng a.¤ , SG 333.25 . tumha . . . n-angmoigh nainnsercoch a violent kick, ZCP x 292.24 . ba haṅgbaid a ṅgním ṅgle, LL 22299 . In cheville: lotar .vii. cét armach / uadib aṅgbaid dulad, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 10 ( LL 182a40 ).

In favourable sense valiant, brave(?): ó Adam ḟírbind aṅgbaid, LL 665 . laich angbaide . . . / gon(a) danaibh go n-dechraibh `valiant', Todd Nenn. 136.1 . a.¤ in raind, MR 210.1 . ? atteoch frit a n-usce / ┐ in n-áer n-angbaidh, ZCP viii 232 § 6 . As adv.: creanadh a gnúis ghlé gan ghairge / ré go hongbhuidh `opportunely' (boldly?), Ó Bruad. i 104 xxvi .

As subst.: in taṅgbaid Lucifur, SR 1512 . a a.¤ anfhéil (to Satan), PH 3930 . cech echtach cach aṅgbaid / i slabraid ros nass, LL 18633 . fan a.¤ n-irgalach, fa Osgur, Fianaig. 60.20 . ō rogab talmain na tor / nī fūair a.¤ in tobor, ZCP vii 498.z .

Cf. angadh, Gadelica 70 .

See also an(d)gaid.

ar-fócair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-fócair or dil.ie/4114

Forms: airḟócrae

v (*air-fo-uss-gair, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 535 ). Also as simple vb. airḟócraid.

(a) proclaims, announces (to FOR, later DO): isind almsan arafocair anúas act is for óis tuaithe arfocarar `suggests . . . it is announced', Wb. 16d7 . aurfogair dōib gīallu grūaidhe, ACL iii 295 § 31 `inform them that face is at stake', Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 105 (cf. fōcraim-si dōib g. g., ACL iii 297 § 47 ). roerḟúacair . . . Priaim do Alaxander co mbád fri techtairecht nódechsad do denvm síth `announced to A.', TTr.² 442 . erfhúagradh ┐ innisedh antí atchluinfe é ar tús don fior oile, BS 104.3 (§ 49) . ro herfhuagradh leo bheós dia marbhtha mac nó brathair . . . gan anmhuin occa, AFM v 1644.18 . In sense of denounces: cet ben chuil roherfhocrad for doman (of Herodias) `cried down', PH 867 .

(b) commands, orders; warns: arfócarar o Echaid for firu Herend feiss Temra do dénam, LU 10715 = ro hirfuagrad . . . feiss T. . . ., IT i 118 § 2 . ro herḟúacradh . . . ó Príaim for a phopul . . . tiachtain, TTr.² 400 . ma ro urocair int uasal da lucht manchuine dula amach `ordered', Laws iii 510.3 Comm. uair ro herfhuaccradh uaidhside . . . fo erinn dá gach aen . . . toidheacht ina dhochom, AFM vi 1984.6 . blai coire combruth acht arfocra fer foichlid ael a coire provided the attendant gives warning by saying, etc., Laws iii 266.8 . dia n-urfocra in liag is [s]lan do. Muna urfocra is fiachach, i 130.24 Comm. urḟograidh seomh dia fine, iv 256.8 Comm. (gl. fofocair). dlom .i. indis nó erfuagair, O'Dav. 663 = Fél.² cxl gl. 13(1) . adbo .i. urfocraim. O'Dav. 89 . urfogruim mo dingbail (glossing: asboinn a d.), BCrólige 18 gl. 2 .

Vn. airḟócrae.

as-éirig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-éirig or dil.ie/4429

Forms: eséirge

v (* ess-ess-reg-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 595 ). Also as simple vb. eséirgid, q.v. rises again. Subj. impf. 3 pl. ni tibertais piana foraib mani esersitis gl. si non resurgerent, Ml. 15c7 . roptis imdai piana donaib anmanaib ceni esǽrsitis in choirp aracenn, 8 . Fut. 2 pl. asneirsid et folnibthe lassin coimdid `that ye will arise and reign with the Lord', Wb. 25b25 . 3 pl. bid immalle asseírset omnes mortui , 13b26 . asseírset isind óinúair, 25b16 . cindas in choirp ineséirset, 13c20 . ní pa ar cend gnīmrad asseirset, O'Mulc. 446 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. asréracht crist hó marbaib, Wb. 13b12 . asreracht, 4d27 . 15d12 . antan asnéracht (sic leg.) an uher (= fer), RC xii 60 § 18 . asreracht in doman uile leis, Ériu ii 104 § 13 . isin coluinn i n-esserract Críst, Ériu ii 102 § 11 . -esarracht (eserracht v.l.), Anecd. ii 70.1 . do nert na heisēirghi . . . asmearrecht (sic) nech ( as narracht neach, Lec. 171a21 ), ZCP viii 206 § 36 .

Vn. eséirge.

athbac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athbac or dil.ie/4662

n (1 bacc): rolā in doman bac ar bac / . . . rolā athir[r]uch a.¤ / d'éc meic cach húi do Blathmac `again the world has been cast into confusion', BColm. 20.9 . ` crookedness, confusion ', BNnÉ 307 § 29 . ēco aithbaicc `wie ein Widerhaken des Todes', Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 39 § 7 .

1 bachlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bachlach or dil.ie/5094

Forms: bathlach

n o, m. (bachall). Later bathlach, IGT Decl. § 11 (54.11) .

(a) rustic, servant, labourer, serf, bondman, (shep)- herd (?): b.¤ gl. famulus, Ir. Gl. 410. b.¤ bus fiú .ui. ba `a churl', Bretha 6 n.2 (a bondman (?)). sentuinde ┐ senb.¤ , Corm. Y p. 92.14 . dorala do b.¤ co romarb petta sindaig (= rusticus), Lat. Lives 85.11 . athaig ┐ bachlaich, Anecd. i 11.15 . sóifit ceóil co bachlachu, RC xxvi 40 § 212 ( LL 24778 ). bass Demain . . . rig Ulad la bachlachu Bairne, xvii 148.11 (Tig.). G. do ghilla . . ./b. do bí fád fhidchill, SG 124.43 . sé bruit ┐ sé bachlaig (as part of a stipend), Leb. Cert.² 1451 (`slaves'). meic na mb.¤ do rīgad (= rusticorum proles), Fen. 102.8 . bói b.¤ do muntir Brigte oc béin chonnaid, Three Hom. 82.1 . a cosaibh na mbathlach, Rosa Angl. 240.14 . g. in apposition: ? ic(s)ais (sic leg.) in sentine ṁbaclaig, Vita Br. 44 (? leg. mbacaig, but `old peasant woman', O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 133 ). co n-accae in ingin mbachlaig, RC xiv 242.3 .

(b) As term of contempt clown, churl, ignorant person: bachl[ach] breall[án] gl. bufulus, Ir. Gl. 412. cen ēleghad in bachlaig oc rād na góa (ref. to Eochaid Rígéices), Ériu viii 156.12 . bá úathmar ┐ bá granni a innas in bachlaig, LU 9185 ( FB 91 ). obloiri ┐ bachlaigh, TFrag. 24.7 . b.¤ do bheith dom cháineadh, Studies 1924, 242 § 10 . na bathluigh bhrodhacha bhiastuighthe, Desid. 3831. an bathlach, mac an daoi, Dánfhocail 102 .

(c) lay brother (?); monk (perh. derogatory): aire fri aithech, ┐ aircindech fri b.¤ , Laws iv 68.6 ( O'Dav. 524 ). maith sin a bachlaig (addressed to Mo Lling), LL 36835. atlochammar do Dia do thuidecht ona bachlachaib, 36969 . bachlaid, laichesa, . . . noeim, Auraic. 6150. nir gaba doman a bachlaig, Fél.² clxxxv 8. See ZCP xxv 223 n. 15 .

blog

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blog or dil.ie/6165

Forms: blag, blad, blogh, bladh

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 165. Also blag, blad. blogh bladh (ón roind), IGT Decl. § 39.16 .

(a) fragment, piece, bit: b.¤ dergthened (rhetoric), LU 8683 ( FB 52 ). boíseom oc ithi blogi do thanaig. . . . Dobeir in ṁbloig isin tabaill, LL 14429 , 30 . cindus rombatur int psailm hi tosugh . . . i mblogaibh `in fragments', Hib. Min. 7.3 . blagh don telcomu `a fragment of that cask', Lism. L. 4409. lestar . . . cu torchair ┐ co nderna(d) bloga de (= confractum est), Lat. Lives 73 § 67. do bert builli di co cloidim co nderna di bloig (sic leg.) di made two pieces of her, Laws i 74.2 Comm. co ro-scáil a ṅdíb blogu (of an enchanted animal), PH 1180. a sciath ina blodhuibh brisdi fura thaebh, ZCP vi 44.21 . domarb se seiser dib le bloidh bic do crann sleghi, 280.30 . cóir damh go bhfionnam an bhfuil / blagh ionnam do na harmuibh, DDána 5.5 . blagh (blodh, v.l.) dá héill le a (let, v.l.) ferchoinsin a piece of . . . leash, IGT Decl. ex. 419. an bloghúd don bhairghin, ex. 923 . go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi (of a wrecked ship), TSh. 735. blogo egae (B. na f.), ACL iii 310 § 4. brisfighthear a mblodhuibh sibh = shall be broken in pieces, Isaiah viii 9. le dteilgthear . . . gach blodh d'armaibh innilte na hurchóide piece (separate weapon ?), Eochairsg. 47.3 . Fig. of a saint: b.¤ dond liic lógmair, Fél. Oct. 5.

(b) part, portion: bladh .i. rann no cuid do ní, O'Cl. co n-derna v blogai de (viz. of bacon), IT i 41.20 . brisedh do thabhairt annsin for blaidh da sluagh, AFM iii 384.5 . mar bhloigh don Bhórumha `share', Aithd. D. 4.8 . a chor ina chalaind féin / blodh do phéin an anaim úaib, IGT Decl. ex. 720 . inniss dúinni . . . blogh (bladh, v.l.) ale dott imthechtaib another bit of your adventure, Anecd. i 29.14 . blagh . . . dá bhoirb-éachtaibh, TSh. 1168. Of land, territory, terrain etc.: cot ngab rígi blogi do Ultaib .i. Mag Murthemni, IT ii2 215.26 . bladh d'feronn, BNnÉ 284 § 271 . dar cenn bloighi bicce don doman , CCath. 553. aga raibhe bladh mór don tír `a large portion of the territory', AFM vi 2006.5 . imon mbloidh mbicc tíre i mboí, 2260.15 . Coire Bhreacán blagh dar gconair `part of our path', SGS iv 62 § 8. Of time: iar mbloid don ló, Ériu v 116.4 . sē bliadna . . . co mbloidh do blíadain, ZCP viii 111.27 . o caictigis do gemrid co blaig don errach `from . . . the first fortnight in Winter into the Spring', Ann. Conn. 1339.4 . tar bloigh dá n-aois, DDána 42.9 . do ghabhadar . . . ríoghacht Éireann bladh do bhliadhain `part of a year', Keat. ii 1823.

A part of a number of people, animals, etc.: fagbhus blogh día naomaibh ag cantain oifice Dé ann, BNnÉ 187 § 27 . ar cenn na blodhe eile . . . don Gamanraige `the rest of the G.', Ériu viii 138.5 . blogh d'aes na criche sin, Marco P. 165. a mbloigh dia mbarcuibh `some of the ships', 150 . blad da n-echaib maithi, Ann. Conn. 1288.5 . blogh dib darab ainm acuta ┐ blod d[ara]b ainm croinica ` group' (of diseases), RC xlix 55.22 , 23 .

In literary contexts: (explaining esse feda ` essence . . . of letter ') in b.¤ aoir tebide gebhes in fid i n-elluch focail `the fragment of cut off air' (of a vowel), Auraic. 897. is blod do q quidim u, 2838 . in blad sin issin sceol that passage , BB 428b45 . conidh bladh do bhethaid Mhaodhocc conuicce sin, BNnÉ 274 § 249 . blag bec de, TBC-I¹ 800. tirūarsi ┐ blogha beca dhī (viz. of the Táin), ACL iii 4.24 .

Compds. blod beim bailc `smashing onset', Cog. 172.29 . blo[g]bemnech na scíath ┐ na bocote, TFerbe 331 . iar ná bhlaidhrébadh lá gonna mór `greatly battered', AFM vi 2328. 3 .

1 bráen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bráen or dil.ie/6469
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. rain, moisture, drop(s): braen aimsire gl. imber, Ir. Gl. 1048. amal bróin nailgen sniges hi cnai gl. pluia (sic) `as the gentle rain that droppeth into a fleece', Ml. 89c15 . ar bíaid in teni sin amal bróen n-áilgen dona náemaib, LU 2505. biaid . . . amal braen cennais n-áilgen do na noemaib it (sc. the fire of doom) shall be like gentle pleasant rain, PH 3620. bróen ┐ fliuchaidatu, Thes. ii 12.30 (BCr.). fo bróenaib (: nóebaib) `in showers' (of tears), Fél. Ep. 346. co Ross ṁBrocc na mbróen, LL 38026. drúcht is b.¤ is céo (contrast to flood, wind and snow), Airne F. 375 ; `dew and light rain (drizzle) and mist´ Ériu xxix 42 . dech do ṡínaib ceo / ferr a brathair bróen shower , LL 345a15 . braen fleochaid ` rain-water ', RC xxvi 164 § 54. ro ceilsit na neoill a mbraonu, Stair Erc. 436. braon trom, O'Hara 4053. gort i mbráen mbelltaini in a May shower, ACL iii 238 § 5 ( Aithd. D. 80 ). braen in feir dew, ZCP xxx 143.14 . amhail bráon buicéid = drop, Isaiah xl 15.

Various extended applications: atlochor braen batis báin water of fair baptism, LU 2998 = SG 235.16 . cuisni bráoin, IGT Decl. ex. 26. na braoin mheala, TSh. 590. (of a magic potion?) atṡníasat a neimhe ┐ a mbraona for cúlu may they (sc. wizards, etc.) pour away (?) their poisons and drops, ZCP vi 258.22 . brōen fīona fīradbail (a saint), ACL iii 219. 26 . braín na fola ferais uadhaib the drops of blood, Snedg. u. Mac R 11.3 . bid imda bróen dérg tairse innocht ar dorus brudne, LU 7340 (BDD). gae . . . co mbráen fola dara faebor, LL 11876 (TBC). comdar lána na linde / do bráinib (bruindib, v.l.) a n-inchinde `of spatterings of their brains' (= do maithlaib uilc inchinni, LL 27217 ), Metr. Dinds. iii 82.4 . dá-leichthi aen-bráen de (i.e. do bréntus ifrinn) fán doman one whiff, RC xxiv 381.29 . Fig. o braen a forcetuil `by the rain of his teaching', Lism. L. 2460. o blaisfidid don braen do neoch dober slainti doib, YBL 151b10 . braon do rath Dé dá díon, Dán Dé ii 16 . braon aithrighe, DDána 39.16 . F. . . . firfes bróen fingaile for a brāithri, ZCP xii 235 § 52. braon báis ┐ beag-shaoghail a draught of death, ITS i 190.10 .

Compds. With nouns: in bile os braonaibnibh, ZCP viii 203.17 . cnuic toghta braoinindsi Bregh of the dewy isle of B., ZCP ii 334.6 . ar bhraoinlios Bhreagh `dewy rampart', TD 7.29 . fo braenbuada, iar mbraenchath victorious in the shedding of their blood, SR 442. fer borb bertas bróengó, MU² 486. With adj.: brōenderc (brónderg, pronderg, v.ll.) ` blood-reddened ' (n. 39), Sc.M² 21h . With adj. derived from noun: co cléith brogtha bróen-uillig (mbraonbhuilligh, v.l.) `of dripping edges', Metr. Dinds. iii 234.10 .

caínid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caínid or dil.ie/7839

Forms: caíned, caínti

v (We. cwyn, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 125 ). IGT Verbs § 71 .

(a) With personal object laments, bewails (death of), `keens ': coínti a ndúnad n-ule Fraech, LU 5235 ( TBC-I¹ 758 ). con ro choiniur crist, Blathm. 145 . caoiniostair cach a primghein (of slaying of first-born of Egyptians), 79 . rochain a chommam, Trip.² 161 . [a]n frim, orsí, coro chainiur mocheile, RC viii 62.11 ( LL 13539 ). Fraech . . . is ed cháinmaid-ni, YBL 58b13 . caínfitit túatha Érann `the tribes of the E. shall keen him', Metr. Dinds. iv 306.32 . Ferdub oc Trustin tóeb-glain / rocáinte na caemṡaeglaig `their equal date was lamented', iii 76.134 . mairg súile . . . na rochainsetar he (of suffering Christ), PH 3310 . níor chaoin a chlann (of Job), DDána 46.16 . trí meic Tuireann — tearc nar chaoin, 64.27 .

(b) With other objects (sin, calamity, etc.) regrets, deplores, weeps at: innaní choínte gl. deplorantium calamitates suas, Ml. 29b4 . coínid gl. deplorat quod . . . , 30d4 . co nu coined gl. peccatum . . . deploraret, 32b13 . coineas gl. ista quae deplorat, 102a23 (see GOI 57 ). coinde gl. deplorantium . . . adversa, 126d5 . cointer golgat gac duine, Blathm. 125 . coínis in lobra a galair, LU 10756 ( TE 12 ). cōinis a himned pris complained of her trouble to him, ACL iii 1.14 . in cath i mBrí Cobthaig Cóil / cōintit ile, cóintit cóim, ZCP xiii 375.1 . níor chaoin I-óib a othra, DDána 46.15 . mo chlōine . . . / co roc[h]ōine mē, ACL iii 232.14 ( Ériu vi 113 § 6 ). chaointear leis na naoidheanaibh (of original sin), TSh. 2594 .

(c) Intrans. With prep. DO: follus . . . co cáined in doman do bás M. = ejusdem mortem lugeret, Lat. Lives 99.8 . i torchair tricha cét caínid / do na trēnaib, LL 23606 , taken as cheville `bewail them', Arch. Hib. ii 59 § 16 . Absol.: cóinmi gl. ingemescimus, Wb. 4a23 . ro chaoinsiot . . . / dia bfesdaois a deghduili, Blathm. 67 . cūinfider hūas Cúalgiu beinn / domnach etir dī calaind, ZCP xii 236 § 54 . dia na-cainedh if she had screamed, Laws v 274. 15 Comm.

Vn. caíned. Vbl. of necess. caínti.

2 céis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 céis or dil.ie/8514
Last Revised: 2013

n f. Appar. orig. of some part of a harp; a plectrum; a ring-headed pin (?). Meaning already obscure in M.Ir. A bar or yoke on the arms of a lyre that could be used to tune instrument ( Celtica xxi 66-67 , BDC 153 , Proceedings of the First North American Congress of Celtic Studies 373 ). Also explained as (small) harp (so perh. also in some of the exx.): is crot cen cheis, is cell cen abbaid . . . .i. cen choe astuda a tét . . . c.¤ ainm do chruit bic bis i comaitecht cruiti móre him chomseinm. Nó ainm don delgain bic fostas in teit humaide na crute. Nó ainm dona coblaigib. Nó ainm don tromthét. Nó is i in ch.¤ isin chruit aní chongbas in leithrind cona tétaib intí, ACC 20 . ceis .i. cruit, Stowe Gl. 279 . Lec. Gl. 342 . admholta c.¤ , Ériu xiii 40.8 . ni ceilt c.¤ céol do chruit C. `the lute hid no music from C.'s harp', ZCP iii 6.2 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 9 § 1 ). dia sephaind c.¤ [cenntoll] céol `when the hole-headed lute played a melody', 7.2 . co ro sheind a qeis cendtuill do, RC xxi 154.17 . a imlige baise céise caise coise cornaire 'o licking around the handle of a curved céis at the foot of a horn-player' EIS 154 § 52 . Freq. in phr. cruit cen ch.¤ of someth. useless or ineffectual: cuire cen chenn cruit cen c.¤ / samail na tūath déis a rríg, Ériu ix 48 § 22 . an doman as cruit gan ceis, BCC 416.27 . abhran se cruit gan ch.¤ , AFM i 216.3 . ? ri na mbard ōn cheis romchar, Rawl. 165b30 . ? a fir, nā mannoir an cēs / dona crannoibh forsmbæ hi sás, ZCP xii 292.6 .

1 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cía or dil.ie/8965
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cía, ci, cá, gá, cá, gá, cár, cá, cía, citné, cia, ciodh, cisne, cipé, cipé

interr. and indef. pron. Given in list of interrogatives, Laws v 6.1 ff. Comm. ; for forms permitted and prohibited in classical verse see IGT Introd. § 16 . See GOI §§ 456 - 460 , Strachan, Ériu i 6 ff. , Bergin, Ériu xii 205 ff.

A As interrogative.

I General form cía (ce, ci) (`unstressed or weakly stressed,' GOI § 456 ) without indication of gender. In later lang. freq. cá, gá (cf. gia, TBC-LL¹ 56 , giá, 730 etc.). who? what ? (in direct and indirect interrogation).

(a) With dependent verb (as conj. part. or in accordance with Bergin's Law). As subject of vb.: cia beir búar o thig Temrach who takes? LL 1566 . cía rét Brega?, LU 9306 . ? cia saig do rús Herind. . .?, LL 1787 . cía taisiu?, LU 6307 . cia bátar do bésa?, Tec. Corm. 7 . ní fitir R. cía-rraba / crích `whose was', Metr. Dinds. iv 4.45 . immoscoemorcuir ceptar hé, Corm. Bodl. 34.21 . As object: ce róich `how far . . . extends', Sg. 26a11 . cia roich eneclann?, Laws iii 536.1 . cia-roig dire? Ir. Recht 13 § 14 . cia fairneac?, Ériu xi 44.3 . cia acca whom didst thou see? LU 7135 . bec a ḟis duid cia do ordo, Anecd. i 7.5 ( do(o)rdo, SCano 198 `what I croon', Gloss.). So also in cíar(r)icc (separate article). Rarely cid in this use. Nom. cid dernad?, LL 251a18 . Accus. cid dernais?, LL 251a39 .

With inf. pron. usually cich-: cichib foruireth? . . . fon-roireth imned what has been caused to you? TBFr. 399 = ZCP iv 45.28 . cichib-roerad? what has been prepared for you (i.e. how have you fared?), IT iii 237.62 = cichib roér ol Bodb. Nin foruireth nammaith olse, LL 246b24 . mnā brataiter . . . cichi brata? cichi aig? cichi goin? who abducts them? TBC-I¹ 1081 (cicen, cíche, ciche, LU). ? ciche bárogell a regg / sonend ┐ dubdonend, LL 376a4 . Exceptionally: ar feisidh ciab dergeine `who has made you', Blathm. 91 § 6 . fir gontair, mnā brattar, bai agthar . . . cistabrata, cisdagata, cisdabeir? TBC-I¹ 2989 . See ZCP xxii 29 .

With copula: innaní asbertis cipad a déne ind hesséirgi `that used to say what would be the swiftness of the resurrection', Wb. 25b27 . conid fessed cia bed flaith inna diad, Ml. 89b7 . For cía ba chan see can.

Hence in various adverbial meanings. (b) how ? cia Ulto ána acca?, LL 13439 . cumma cīa-thōetsat imbi, Sc.M² 3 (`how', Gloss.). cía festa `how should ye know?' Metr. Dinds. iii 48.12 . cia ḟacci ar sluág?, TBC-LL¹ 223 . is cuma dó c.¤ eipli, Liad. and Cuir. 20.17 `how he dies', Contribb. 363 . With deut. form: cía dorochair Cróeb Dathi?, Metr. Dinds. iii 148.1 . Note also: cīa tairicc? Tairic hi cind teora mblīadna when? ZCP viii 312.29 .

(c) where ? In later lang. cá, gá (nasalizing), with narrative tense cár. cá `lochdach', IGT Introd. § 16 . Orig. with téit: ni fetatar cia deochaid where he went, LU 3329 ( SCC 12 ). nocon ḟess cia deochatar, LL 290a27 . With deut. form of vb. cia dochuatar ass? where did they go? TFerbe 565 . In later lang.: cá ngabhaid?, Oss. iii 232.5 . Keat. Poems 1545 . cá bhfaighion tú an raidhirc so?, ZCP v 215.419 . cā ndearnais do c[h]ēadc[h]reach?, Feis Tighe Chonáin 145 . cár ghabh, 490 . cá ar fríth é?, ZCP v 215.418 . carbh ail les dul, Stair Erc. 981 . With attá: ga ffuil maithe na Féine?, Duan. F. ii 322 § 15 (see iii 151). ga bhfuil suim . . . na naitheantadh `what is the abridgment?' Donlevy 52.22 . ro fhiarfaigh I. ca rabe A., Stair Erc. 25 . do f[h]iafraigdur dī cā raibhe sí whence she was, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1666 . Note also cia racha, ITS xvii 188.1526 etc.

(d) With fíu glossing Lat. quam, how (great, etc.): cia fíu .i. mór ní gl. quam admirabile, Ml. 17b12 - 13 . gl. quam (sollicite), 23a10 . ce fiu gl. quam maxime, Sg. 114a3 . See Dict. Fasc. fíu and compare cia fiú me bheith beó etc. how can I remain alive? ITS xvii 159.963 .

(e) With follg. noun (often as antecedent of rel. clause). With masc.: ciachruth gl. quomodo, Sg. 212a1 (see 1 cruth). cia dune ind inni-sseo gl. qualem . . . hominem, Ml. 35c33 . cia mod .i. imba do gres . . . `what measure', Ml. 100d4 . Perh. also in the follg.: dús cia port indib maith óigedacht `in what place', Wb. 26b24 . cia salmscribdid conicfed són `what psalmist?', Ml. 14a6 . amal nad finnatar sidi cia loc sainriud dia regtais, 99b10 . cia randdatu bis indi, Sg. 27a12 . cía cethrar? Rí ┐ brithem etc., Críth G. 536 . cia file ar secht ccumhaluibh dlighidh what poet . . .? Ériu xiii 18.4 . cia fot atúsa isin chotlud sa how long? LU 6359 . gá fad?, TSh. 1618 . ca sén dob ferr?, Ériu iv 224.13 . ca ræt in muirn . . . ar-at-cluineam?, TTebe 1901 (see crét). ca hinad?, LB 137b51 . gá cara don uile as fhearr?, A. Ó Dálaigh xv 5 . DDána 50.12 . gá fhios nach . . . (ḟ = bf?), O'Gr. Cat. 456.10 . gá chúis fá . . ., 12 . cár bh'iongnadh?, Hard. i 204 .

(f) With fem.: cia airm `what place', Wb. 12d18 (see cairm, cáit). ceseirc gl. quam caritatem habeam, 14d15 (differently GOI 289 ). ce meit gl. quanto, 33a1 . ce mét aimmser bes indi `what times may be in it', Sg. 25b16 . ce méit a[s] sinu aís quam A. `how much older', Wb. 34a5 . See méit. cia dú gl. quo, Ml. 40c7 . cia inni soas `how He turns', 123d8 (see note). cá huair díscáeilter in doman nó cá tráth thiucfus Dia?, RC xxiv 382.32 . ca delb rogabais? Ériu iv 104.15 . cia ben is mesa do mnáib?, ZCP viii 113.11 . cá slat is slimghile bas?, O'Gr. Cat. 332.27 . ga hobar dhíbh nach doiligh?, Studies 1921, 588 § 1 . gá breath rug féin ar an bhfear? Dán Dé xxv 16 .

(g) With neut.: cia eret mbete oc m'ingraimmim-se `how long?' Ml. 33a9 . cia airet bis micomus etc., Laws ii 186.6 . cia hairet, PH 1501 . See airet, cairet. anfis ca cinel aire nos beir etc., Laws i 188.6 Comm. cia forcenn doberthar foraib, Ml. 33a9 . na fetar . . . ca galar . . ro-t-básaig, CRR 3 . cia indas conaittechtatar a n-íc, Ml. 90b16 . décaid . . . a arm cia indas rundgabsat, 55c1 (see indas, cindas). cia leath reghma?, Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). cia tír, ZCP viii 318.33 .

(h) cía with follg. prep. and noun or pron. rendering oblique cases of Lat. pronn. (see GOI 228 - 229 ): cia ar neoch gl. ad quid, Sg. 217a5 . Cf. cia erneo gl. quam ob rem, Ml. 101a4 . ci erniu gl. quamobrem, 47b1 . cairhe biit, Sg. 242b1 leg. ciairneo = quamobrem, n . ciarrét gl. quamobrem, Ml. 48c2 . cide gl. de quo (cia de? cid de?), Sg. 3a9 . cia du neuch gl. ad quem . . .? Ml. 16a9 . cia dunaib hi do foirmsed gl. de quibus adderet? 35a17 . cia du forcunn gl. quem ad finem, 33a9 . cia du rét gl. cui rei? 121d1 . cia isnaib hí gl. in quibus, 49c13 . cia in n-erbirt ṁbiuth gl. in quem ussum, 46b28 . cia i n-olcaib gl. in quibus malis, 23b2 . ci onaibhi, gl. quibus, 47a10 . cio ainmnid dixnigidir gl. ex quo sit nominatiuo? Sg. 207b3 . ciofut gl. usque quo, Ml. 20a17 . 93a15 . ci ho fothaib són gl. quibus (dementiae facibus accensi sunt), 16b19 . ci o retaib gl. quibus rebus, 35c35 . gl. ex quibus rebus, 44d24 . cio thomus gl. qua libra etc., 55d16 . So also probably in later lang.: cia chuige a ndírighmid ar nurnuigh, Donlevy 364.16 . ca as a tangadar, Stair Erc. 1412 . casa ticit siat, Ir. Astr. Tr. 146.1 . Hence perh. in later phr. gá d'ulc what is the harm of? (see olc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z ). gá d'ulc bogur an bhása?, IGT Decl. ex. 758 . gá d'ulc mé gan mothugadh?, ex. 224 . gá d'ulc óigrí eslobar?, O'Gr. Cat. 470.9 . Cf. 2 cair. See Éigse xii 136 .

(i) In phrase cíadono why (then)? (see GOI 289 See further Éigse xii 136 .): ar cia dono gl. ut quid autem, Wb. 2d10 . hóre ro-n-ortigestar dia cedono tuidecht friss `why then?' 6a4 . ce dono rigne occo `what, then, is the good of prolixity in it?' 8d15 . cepu dono adrad dǽ do thabirt do Pool?, 7d16 . ciapu dono dún indarpe geinte `why should we then expel the Gentiles?' 19a14 . ? ēludh ann for romhuir / nícon fess cia dona, ZCP x 344.13 .

(j) In various constructions with adjj. In early legal texts with superl.: cia measom do cain ts.? `what is the worst of . . . ?' Laws ii 194.1 . cia dilsiumh d'ḟiledhoibh, Ériu xiii 31.2 . cía háithemh eó? acais dlighidh, etc., 25.6 . Prob. also: cia so do rinnibh etc. 20.30 = ciaso do ninnaib, O'Dav. 1289 . In later lang. in phrase gá beag is it not enough? ga beag mur ḟáth duilghis, IGT Decl. ex. 1057 . cá beag d'fhiadhnaise? Studies 1920, 97 § 2 . gárbh fhearr céim, 98 § 6 . gá bheag dhúinn dá dhearbhadh ort is it not proof enough for you? Content. vi 25 . Freq. with compar. in rhetorical questions. Cf. ga meisde ┐ ga c[h]an ┐ ca d'ulc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z . gá cruaidhe ceisd what more difficult question (is there)? DDána 12.1 . ga deacra ní do neithibh?, IGT Decl. ex. 938 . car doilge [le] inghin Taidg / éc Aodha aird . . . / inā d'Echtaigh a bás bróin / Corbmaic hūi Cuinn . . . , ZCP vi 269 § 4 . ca ferr duind ar mbeandacht do chur . . . go fer in liubair sea na a fágbail aigi?, LU 2769 (colophon). gá fearr m'áis-se ná m'aindeoin how is it better to get my consent than to constrain me? Dán Dé i 5 . ga feirdi me do m[healladh]?, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.2 . cá bud fherrde, PH 7582 . gá misde don cholainn chriadh / an t-anam d'faghbháil ilphian what harm? Dán Dé xxv 41 . m'uabar gá mó mínáire?, O'Gr. Cat. 346.33 . do Mhuire gár mhó guasocht?, Dán Dé xx 47 . Note also: cá minic do chionntaidh sé `how often', Donlevy 320.28 . an lícc dimor uccat fil forsan tulaigh, cía mó atá i ttalamh dhi na uása how much more of it is in the earth than above it? BNnÉ 8.16 .

II Inflected (`more fully stressed', GOI § 456 ) cía, cisí cid, citné etc. In classical verse the forms cia and ciodh are stressed, see DDána 12.1 , 58.35 . `cía, can, cúich . . . were in direct interrogation used with the copula *esti (cf. mod. Ir. cé h-é) . . . ', O'Brien, Féil. Mhic Néill 88 .

With indep. form of verb (a) cía m.: cia beraid doib a remeperthe `who will refer to them the aforesaid?' Ml. 37a9 (perh. transition from I(a) above). Usually with rel. clause: cía rédes ruind?, BDD² 294 etc. cia dib gebus t'forba?, RC xxiv 194.1 . cía de as sru[i]thiu?, Críth G. 492 . cīa nād cūala?, ZCP xi 109 § 7 . Prob. also in follg., where there is no mark of rel.: cia con-icc ní dúun?, Wb. 4b11 . cia folínfea? 12d14 . cia dobera íc do Sión?, Ml. 34d5 . dús cia atrebea isin chathraig `to learn who will dwell in the city', 35b24 . cia de dogega `which of them I shall choose', Wb. 23b33 . dús cīa díb do-ngegad, Sc.M² 19 . caidi bad ferr la hUltu, a mmarb nō a mbeo . . . ?, TBC-I¹ 681 (cia dé, LU). do fiarfaidh A. de cia dá cloind do beith etc., ZCP xi 128.34 . quis est horum qui vicit . . . .i. cia ro blaiss bethaid?, LL 281a32 . cia aca is rogha leat?, Hard. i 274.y .

(b) cid n. (rel. frequently marked): cid aem no-dom-bera-sa cucuibsi, Wb. 1a8 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi `what impels you . . . ?', 9c20 . nícon fitir cid asbeir, 12c22 . ro fitid cid aridfuirig a foilsigud, 26a11 . dús cid forchomnacuir indi `to learn what hath happened therein', Ml. 16c5 . cid du-gén-sa osme `what shall I do, even I?', 30b9 . ní fintar cid attrebthar and `what is possessed there', Sg. 200b13 . niconfetadar cid fodruair `they . . . knew not what had caused it', Mon. Tall. 147.13 . asbert nicon feddur cid fil do sirgabail na biaide I do not understand your continual singing of the Beati, 127.2 . cid dogén?, ZCP viii 113.9 . cid tuccais ō Guaire what hast Thou got from G.? ACL iii 2.10 . With subst. vb. in nasalising rel. clause what ails, what is the matter with? see attá. With copula: nad fes cid as maith no as olc [do] denum, Ml. 51b7 . dober Dia aithesc cid as denti no cid as imgabthi, 51b8 . cid as dech do mnáib? what is the best type of wife? ZCP viii 113.5 . Note the variation in: na cóig guthaidhe, cía dhíobh as glan no as neamhghlan, no ciodh as cáol no as leathan da bfeadhuibh oireaghdha, ┐ créd atá na ndefhoghrachuibh etc., IGT Introd. 1.10 .

With nouns in sense who is? what is?

(c) m. cía (also occasionally with other genders, and regularly with ainm, see Ériu i 9 ): cia haes esca?, SR 7964 . cía méit in gill?, Críth G. 282 . cía [a] míad sidi?, 586 . cia th'ainmsiu?, LU 10774 . cía hainm? what's your name? BDD² 264 . cía hainm dá mnaí?, 365 . cia n-anmand what are their names? TFerbe 357 . cīa cétliaigh robūi ind-Ēirinn?, ZCP viii 105.12 . cía bar lín-se is[in] indsi-se?, Ériu iv. 142.21 . nī hētur cia hainm in maic aile, ZCP viii 293.24 . cia don teora crannsa an chroch, Dán Dé iii 27 . cia an monghar mór-sa?, DDána 85.6 . cia an duine bhias beó = quis est homo? TSh. 3125 .

Forms in -so, -su etc. (cf. indic. pres. 3 s. of 2 cía. See Celtica vii 38-42 ): ciaso baili ata in crann?, SR 7931 . ciaso buaid duinne?, Bodl. Dinds. 27 . cia so gním what deed? TBC-LL¹ 958 . cíasu anmann bai for suidiu?, IT ii2 195.153 . nī fetar-sa ciasu adba etc., Fing. R. 969 . ciasa bas . . . do bean . . . in bas-crann?, Ériu iv 116 § 26 (`whose hand?'). ciasa fogealtad son? .i. miach cacha mis, Laws iv 106. 15 Comm. ím comirc doib ciasa hairm ín ro scuirsid, 106.22 Comm. ciasa run, Auraic. 5210 (císi, v.l.). ciarsat comainm celisiu what's your master's name? LL 9041 (TBC). carsat comainm?, Acall. 390 . ciarso choma no bértha dó?, LL 8937 (TBC). garsa gním sain?, 9990 (TBC).

(d) cía with pron. who is? cia tussu díxnigedar who art thou? Wb. 4c24 . cia hé nu-n-dixnaigther-siu gl. qui sis, Ml. 75c9 . ciahé gl. qui (sit), 14d14 . cia hé `who is it?' 46c17 . ce hé roscríb `who it is that has written', Sg. 197a19 . cinní sin frisnaiccai siu `whom dost thou expect?', Thes. ii 227.30 (from intí-sin, GOI § 460 ). cia so who is this? Anecd. i 8. 23 ( SCano 257 ). cía so?, Sc.M² R 10 . cīa and-so?, 11 (for inso?). cia tusu?, RC xxiv 200.9 . fochtuis Feilis scela de, ce he budein, ZCP vi 25. 18 . cīa pad cīa . . . acht . . . Condere . . . who should it be but C.? Ériu i 114 § 3 . beag a fhios agad . . . / cia misi d'fhearaibh Eireann, Studies 1924, 243 § 17 . With -so, -su: cía so thú?, LU 10768 = ciasu tu, Ériu xii 170.3 . cársa cúich thú?, Mer. Uil.² 90 . cársa cía[s]ib-si etir?, 250 .

(e) cía with follg. prep. as antecedent of rel. clause (cf. I (h) above): cia dia fiachaigedar gl. ad quem debeat, Ml. 44b3 . cia forsa tiagat? `on whom do they fall? Laws ii 178.3 . nicon-fes cīa ō-tucad, Sc.M² 3 . cia ar nach tug a thrócuire? Dán Dé xxv 46 . cor dib Painiel dian / Gabriel cia ar nach cor?, KMMisc. 254.14 . d'iomad rogha ag Día dá dhiomda / fola cía dá ttiobhra ar tós, IGT Decl. ex. 109 .

(f) cisí, ces(s)í with f. noun: cisí chomairle ǽm `what indeed is the counsel?' Ml. 34c18 . cissi slabrai in díscer sa? LU 5162 (TBC). cissi gáir seo?, 4475 . císí (sic) suillse mór sucut?, BDD² 591 . áil dūn a ḟis . . . cisī rāth so, Ériu viii 157.6 . Freq. with follg. rel. clause: cessi aimser hi rogbath `at what time it was sung', Ml. 24d10 . cisi aimsir hi for-comnactar in gnimai, 97a5 . cisí digal didenach dumberaesiu a Dǽ, 100d5 . co n-eperthae cia aiccent ┐ cisi aimser derb thechtas, Sg. 26a6 . cisi rann dogéntar di, 27a13 . cesí aram gl. ad quod genus uel numerum refertur, 197b3 . cisi chiall bís indib `what is the meaning that is in them', 217a2 . cisi muime bat tualoing what fostermother could have? Blathm. 100 § 32 . cisi mathair con bert / an geinsi? ib. (MS. cisi in, text). cisi gnuis . . . forta napsalmo?, Hib. Min. 3.76 . cise noail noclanna `by what oath shall it be settled?' Laws iv 142.3 . cisi airm hi tá L.? LU 3620 (SC. 31). rāidh frim cisé (ciséd, v.l.) dāil di ṡund dogénum, ACL iii 294 § 13 . cisi breth rucais?, Rawl. 113a2 . cissí dichuimni rod dall?, LL 21767 . fég darisse . . . cisi chonar dotháet `look again, what road is he coming', RC iii 183.33 . inderb . . . cisi uair no cisi aimsir regthair, Ériu v 120.3 . cisí hairle do beradh, Hugh Roe² 292.14 . With ellipse of rel. clause: tair limsa . . . co ndérais. Cisí dígal?, MU² 1034 . Also somet. with other genders: ciasi animnairme (ainm n-áirme) fil . . ., Hib. Min. 2.41 . ciasi ord fil forna psalmu, 6.196 . ra iarfaig . . . cissi log conattaig, LL 30975 ( TTr. 156 ). occa scrúdadh . . . cisi cruth no aithfedh, Hugh Roe² 96.15 . Note also: atbertsat cipsi magen i ferfaithe in cath, Dinds. 188 ( RC xvi 274 ).

(g) cid with n. noun. In sense what is? cid aes ṅ-esci? BCr. 32a9 . cidh dire Mac-ḟuirmidh?, Ériu xiii 25.27 . cid an ní seo?, BDD² 242 . cid damhna bar ndocesaid?, ACL iii 310 viii 3 . ciodh achd ar ghrádh no ar ghrádsa / clár págsa d'fhior ón Aodhsa?, IGT Decl. ex. 137 .

With follg. rel. clause: imrádat imráti cid maith as déntí `as to what good is to be done', Wb. 1d7 . cid ḟolad ṡluindes, Sg. 25b17 (see note). ce torad gl. quem . . . fructum habuistis? Wb. 3b29 . cid chenél gl. quod genus . . . refertar, Sg. 197b3 . Perh. also: cidechor (= cid dechor) gl. quae sit differentia, 23a2 . In difft. constr. (cf. II (c) above): ced torbe doib etarscarad . . . fria tola what does it profit them? Wb. 13c6 . ce torbe dúib-si . . . in fogur-sin, Ml. 12d5 . ced slīab inso thall?, TBC-I¹ 614 .

(h) cid with pronoun: ced ed tra `what is it then?' Wb. 3b28 . cid so?, Mon. Tall. 130.15 ; YBL 118a23 ; ZCP xiii 179.3 . cid sin?, BDD² 448 . cid ón `what is that?' RC iii 184.25 . ceadh sibh acht na seacht dtroighthe what do you amount to? DDána 53.21 .

(i) cid with DO. With follg. neg.: cid dait-siu . . . nád bod latt curadmir, etc. why shouldn't you have? LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). cid daib . . . nach mair[b]fed sib?, TTebe 1865 . cidh damhsa cen dul d'iarraidh a maithme why should I not go, etc.? RC xxvii 294 § 38 . Note also: cidh duibsi what think ye of it? (?), RC xxvi 366.13 . cidh dhúinn déanamh a bhfeasa `why need I tell of them?' Content. iv 27 .

(j) cid with DI: cid de ón what does that matter? LU 6361 . cid de-side why so? TBC-LL¹ 5580 .

(l) cid with prep. and rel. clause: cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the on what basis have the lay grades been laid down? Críth G. 6 . Sliab B. cid diata whence is it named? RC xv 301.5 . cídh día ndearnadh Adhamh, 23 E 26, 5.18 .

(m) In similar construction in meaning why? With AR: cid arind epur frit why do I say it to thee? Wb. 5a31 . cid ara ndluthid caratrad friu iterum?, 27a30 . cid ara todlaigther inso, Ml. 32a5 . cid ara fodaim int ais firian inna fochaidi? 55d11 . cid armad machdad etc.? Sg. 167a4 . cid arṅdid huathuislib ildaib disruthaigedar?, 198b3 . cid ar bad?, Thes. ii 227. 34 . cid ara n-eperr Críth Gablach?, Críth G. 1 . cidh ar a fhuil Cuncha ar in inadhso?, ZCP xi 40.35 . With DI: cid dia leícid cundubairt for drecht uáib?, Wb. 13b12 . cid dia n-éirena(i)tar?, Críth G. 121 . rofiarfaig . . . desim cid dia mboi fora iarrair, Grail 1522 . With IMM (later FÁ): finnaid . . . cid imma ndernad in t-id, LL 8053 (TBC). cidh ma tancais alé `why hast thou come . . . ?' Ériu iii 158 § 11 . cid 'ma n-iarthai?, TTebe 1700 . cid . . . 'mara loirgis, TFrag. 118.15 . ciodh far dhoilghe trí thairnge?, DDána 40.10 . innis dúinn ciodh fa ttánghuis, Duan. F. i 78.16 . ciodh fa ttiobhradh, IGT Decl. ex. 1311 .

(n) cid as adverb, why ? cid no mbetha . . . on what account shouldst thou be . . . ? Wb. 4c24 . cid na déccaid?, Fél. Prol. 201 . ced nach maith?, Trip.² 1968 . cid nabsin Fedelm-sa . . . cichsed, LU 8296 ( FB 22 ). Tond Chlidna cid aréracht?, Metr. Dinds. iii 214.54 . cid éige, a bean?, Celtica iv 16.154 . cidh tāi a[g] gul?, ZCP viii 559.5 . cid . . . na caithi do chuidich? Ériu v 36.19 . do chách ciodh nach aithréasda?, DDána 58.35 . cidh na ro chomaillis an gealladh doradais?, BNnÉ 295 § 22 . Cf. cid ane . . . meic na mbachlach . . . do chomram cucum what business have the sons of rustics to be contending with me? Sc.M² 12 .

(o) where ? whither ? With téit: co n-at[h]comaircter nde cid ted, RC xiii 222.5 . cid nothēigid ?, ZCP xiii 176.8 . co fesamar úait . . . cid thége whither thou goest, Ériu iv 140.5 . ní fedar festa cidh rachad, Anecd. i 77.9 . cid lotar ?, LL 12826 . cid ghébmoe ?, BDD² 245 . Exceptionally with attá: d'iar[r]aidh fhessa . . . cuith a roiphi in ingen where, TTebe 33 (leg. cáit ?).

(p) In phr. cid tra acht, see trá.

Plural forms.

(q) citné, citni (prob. from cia ata n-é ` who, what (is it) that they are?', Thurn., ZCP xx 372 , GOI § 456 ). assindet sunt tra citné cumacte diandid cóir infognam what are the powers, Wb. 6a9 . citne gl. (sí . . . quaeritur) quae (gentes), Ml. 16b13 . cit né briathra robatar `what were the words?', 61b7 . cit né robatar `what were they?', 8 . asindet ón ciné (leg. citné? edd.) fochainn . . ., 101a3 . citni rig reachta . . . / robatar 'sind amsir sin?, SR 2347 . citni trenfir dotiarmórsetsu?, LU 10261 . cit n-é uisce . . . do-ríadhad?, BDD² 456 . ni fetar citne briga / mo dul i teach cor-riga I do not know what good there is in my going into the house to kings, Ériu v 30.2 . citni cenela na fuillet, Rawl. 69a29 . indis . . . dam . . . / citne clerig notrefet, / citne oic notndeirget, Three Hom. 110.16 , 17 . citne tire in geinseadar?, Leb. Gab.(i) 234.20 = Keat. ii 741 . Without follg. noun: citné foruar what are they which He has prepared? Wb. 8b5 . citne and dī rott eblatar?, LU 10284 . citn-éisidi?, BDD² 555 . ? citne in ferand?, LL 15993 = Todd Nenn. 222.3 (ceisi urrand, v.l. 223 n.).

(r) cisne (described as an `iarmberla', Auraic. 1308 ): cis n-é amuis ata chórai?, Críth G. 578 . cisne lesa . . . tascnat . . . ?, Laws i 230.21 . cisne tri leaca robaid?, v 450.1 . cisne sgéith sguirde caithche?, Ériu xiii 17.15 . cisne trí gealla nád fuilled . . .?, 33.28 . cisne tri horba doranaiter la Féne? O'Curry 2167 ( Eg. 88, 5(6)a ). cisne a trí a nemtiger cléirech, O'D. 2209 (Nero A vii, 144b). cís ní doghair oes eiscí? IT iii 262.12 . cia on cotagair æsa escai?, 61.18 = cis non dogar eassa uiscci?, Leb. Gab.(i) 264.13 . Exceptionally with pl. ending: cisneíd side ? . . . baes ┐ aneolus ┐ eitges, ZCP xii 363.2 .

(s) cis (see ZCP xx 372 , Ériu xiv 140 ): cis tána? ZCP xx 372.19 . cis n-dithle `welches sind Entwendungen?', 17 . cis duirn díolmhuine dlighther?, Ériu xiii 23.5 = O'Dav. 584 . cis dúar dían drongaighther . . . ?, Ériu xiii 26.2 = cis [i] duar etc., O'Dav. 883 . cis daghmaine domain dingnaith? O'Curry 2460 ( Eg. 88, 37(38)c ). cis rechta na gaibter a fiadhnaisi? 2600 ( Eg. 88, 51 (52)b ).

(t) Phr. cis lir how many (are) ? See Bergin, Ériu xiv 140 ff. cislir .i. cia lear no lin na sochaidi, Laws v 4.x Comm. cis lir tairgsin cach fine `how many are the . . . ?', 463.13 . gabála báise cis lir `the ways of folly, what is their number?' Tec. Corm. 14 (24.2) (gabail, v.l.). With follg. noun and rel. clause: cis-lir fir for a nasgar how many men are there who are bound? Ériu xiii 31. 21 . cis lir lanamna docuisin la feine? Laws ii 344.1 . cislir fodhla fil forsan mbron?, Anecd. v 24.16 . With follg. rel. verb: cis lir ata chóra[i] do ríg do giull how many (things) are legal . . . ? Críth G. 505 . cis lir congellait? Laws i 230.3 . cair cis lir dos-liad . . . ?, Ériu xiii 30.33 . Rarely with pl. -t: cesc citlir topuir, O'Curry 505 ( H 3.18, 257 ). See 2 lir.

(u) c(i)ata: ciata glinni con-daigi?, MU² 65 . cata cuir con-daigi-siu?, 72 . ciata builg itir ón?, RC xiii 66 § 67 . ni fedadar ceta inada . . . no indsechtais, CCath. 776 . Note also: cialín nasluag . . . / . . . ceti arbair, SR 7907 .

B As indef. in a variety of phrases.

(a) cía with noun: cia port i mbai a mathair wherever her mother was, Vita Br. 4 . cía baili i ffod as iatt sin / oidheadha na n-ócc eistidh `whatever place they may sleep' (reading i ffaoíit with note), Leb. Gab.(i) 188.3 .

(b) cía with vb. (conj. and prot.): cia tīasam wherever we go, Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). cia bronntar indi, Críth G. 234 . cia taccra(i) whoever may claim (them), 425 (see 398 n.). cía denar cia therar whatever I do, whatever I say, Ériu i 227.5 . nocha n-érlai asin chathraigh acht cía térnai do rind gai, TTr.² 158 . a n-athair rempu cia thé `where'er he went', Ériu iv 100.2 . In chev. with adverbial force: cia bé however it be, LL 382 , 15039 . cia bia, Rawl. 137a38 . cia de do teacomnacair whichever it happened to be, Blathm. 98 § 25 (see notes). Cf. ciade gl. uter, Sg. 242a1 . ? is derb ní báes cia 't bera, Metr. Dinds. i 36.95 .

(c) cía with indic. of attá: cia bai dia chalmacht . . . bái dia nertmaire however brave he was, TBC-LL¹ 773 . niconibdis bandai cormmai . . . cia bith ara tecmainged dóib `they used not to drink a drop of beer whomsoever they might happen to meet', Mon. Tall. 129.19 . ( Ériu xii 209 ). cipia frisa ferthar tnú whoever shall be an object of envy, Ériu v 211.69 ( Ériu xii 209 ). cía búi de `whatever came of it' (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 396.23 . cía baoi dhe .i. gibé dobhi dhe, O'Cl.

(d) cip, cib with noun: cib cenél tra diaro scribad ind epistil to whatever people, Wb. 3b20 . cip port i ndēntar, Cáin Ad. 36 . Usually with cruth however it be, at all events: cipcruth bíid páx libsi etc., Wb. 5d33 . cipcruth tra, 12d24 . ni confetor cib cruth ind aingel fa dia, Blathm. 100 § 31 . See cipindus.

(e) cecip with noun (see Contribb. s.v. cech ): cecip maighean i raegbadh wherever, AFM i 30.3 . cecib tan tiostaois, v 1552.4 . tre bithin gona, no fiabhrasa cecib diobh whichever it was, vi 2024.5 . cecib nech tairisnighes iniort an coimdheadh, 2126.1 . cecip cruth foghabhtais, Hugh Roe² 86.2 . In follg. the use is strictly speaking interrogative: ní feas cecip tucht i tudchaidh, AFM iii 286.3 .

(f) cipsi with noun: cipsi aitt i loich dosfail, Rawl. 127a44 . cepsi cruth, BB 22b13 ( for cip c.¤ , Ériu xii 208 n. ). cipsi cruth `no matter how', Hugh Roe² 290.22 . cipsi mbith dáil for congra, Hard. ii 292.y . airlim n-eicne cipsí whatever it may be, Laws iv 92.z .

(g) cissí: ro geall Sir Persaual di sin cidhsi cor ara fetfad, Grail 1979 . case chruth i mbet, TBC-LL² 348 .

(h) cía bé, cipé, cid bé etc. with noun ( Ériu xii 208 ): cia bé a mmet `however great it may be', Ml. 61b28 . cipé leth tiasam, Thes. ii 299.42 . gidhbe an smólach ní chodhlann `even the thrush does not sleep', Duan. F. i 84.30 . cipe cruth, LU 3870 ( SCC 38 ). cipé rí bes hi Caisiul, ZCP viii 315.27 . ce-b e nech and do-neth . . . , PH 478 . cipé tan bud ríg tusa for Érinn 'whenever', FDG² 11.327​ . cipé a léire baistither in duine however devoutly, Ériu i 218 § 3 . gidh bé neimhdhéine do neinn, Dán Dé xiii 8 . cidh bé dhíobh staid, TSh. 3986 .

(i) cía bé, cipé etc. with verb: ciphéade (sic leg.) asberam `whichever', Ml. 25d11 ( Ériu xii 209 ). cipé da mbad áil etc., MU² 560 . céb é uabsi comallas frimsa hé, LU 9013 ( FB 76 ). atú ar bhaois gidh bé nach fuil, Dán Dé ix 8 . gidh bé ara geall, 16 . cibé labhras, TSh. 1781 . acht gidh bé éistios riomsa, Proverbs i 33 . gidh be ar bith bheanas ría `whosoever', vi 29 . Note also: mairbt[h]eim coich bē a dīe, Corm. Y 419 .

(j) cipé as adv. at all events , etc.: cipé gl. ubilibet, BCr. 31c2 . do gessaib ríg T. . . . / . . . cocad ruind co bráth ce bé `howsoever it be', CRR 54 . fiū cōicait cumal cipē, Fianaig. 50 § 27 . is maith liom a theacht gidhbé, Oss. vi 166.12 . ciphe de, BB 398b6 .

(k) cíabed, bad, beith etc.: ciabed ammet inna fochaide however great, Ml. 39a13 . cia beith a lin na noged however numerous the guests, Vita Br. 7 . ce bad hé frisa ndénte to whomsoever ye should do it (so Ériu xii 210 ), Wb. 9c24 . ciabadh hé richt a mbeith `in whatever shape she might be', Ériu xii 154 § 18 (TE). cebedh si maigen . . . a mbeith `in whatsoever part of Ireland she might be', ibid. cé beth da lánáille, ZCP viii 208.29 (but see Ériu xii 206 ). ge do beith do méit a tindenuis, Mer. Uil.² 146 . ciabadh e, Blathm. 96 § 20 , restored as ciabad de `whichever it be'. cia beith no co bia-so fó mebail whatever happens, LMU 10 .

(l) ciped (see Ériu xii 208 ): ciped techtas nech `whatever it is that anyone has', Wb. 12d41 ( Ériu xii 210 ). gip ed no raditís, TBC-LL¹ 152 . cipead dommaire `whate'er befall me', Ériu ii 90 § 16 . gibedh o ttíosadh whencesoever they shall come, TFrag. 190.16 . ciped mac díb no gabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1089 . giped chuin at some time or other, 3338 . ciped laa . . . forsa m-be notlaic mór (cidped, cipe, gebe, cip, MSS.), Ériu ii 208 § 28 . cip ed de at all events, CRR 4 .

(m) cid: cidh urrunnus nodleisead in t-athair `whatever proportion . . . the father is entitled to', Laws iv 60.24 Comm. cidh dergoine daon, O'Dav. 585 = cib dergona daon, O'D. 2199 ( Ériu xii 206 ). cid dusgní whatever he do, BColm. 100.9 . Cf. cidh ead dogneth hEchtair do calma imon Troi whatever brave action . . . , BB 433b24 .

(n) cid cía: cid cía bes inti whoever be in it, BColm. 52.21 . seanfhocal súd solus a chiall / ciodh cia do chum, Ériu xvi 132 § 2 . cidh cia ro chodail and 'san aidhchi sin nochur' chodail Didho, Aen. 873 . cidh cía donī, ZCP x 51.7 . na cionnta gidh cia 'gá mbeid whosoever shall have (i.e. commit) sins, Dán Dé v 13 . ? gidh cia frí senadh atúaidh, Duan. F. ii 166 § 44 . Note further: cia bad cia dia theilcfead (sic) sop, Ériu v 34.8 . cid bé cia thú `whoever thou art', TTebe 4720 . ciped chia díb nomarbtha artús, RC iii 183.8 . gidh créd do íar Aitheirne, IGT Decl. ex. 1377 .

See 2 cía and 3 cía, 1 cóich.

cnú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnú or dil.ie/9776
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: chnú, cnaoi, cnai, chno, cnó, cnu, cnóe, cnoi, cnói, cnoi, cnæ, cn, cnó, chnáo, chno, cnóib, cnó, cna, cnaoí, cna, cno, cnúa, cnúithe, cna, cna, cnúithe, cnait[h]e, cnaibh, cnoibh

n u, f. GOI 197 ; treated as m. in ref. to men: cnú caech, Fél. 156.7 . an cnú do chnuas Gh., Ir. Syll. Poetry 23 § 1 . n s. in chnú , RC viii 56.y . a s. cnaoi, LU 7329 (BDD). RC viii 56.x . cnai, Celtica ii 80.329 . g s. chno, Thes. i 5.38 . cnó, LU 8121 ( FB 9 ). cnu, O'Curry 860 ( H 3.18, 388 marg. inf.) (poss. g p.). n p. cnoe, Thes. ii 249.7 . cnóe, LL 27688 . Ériu iv 138.z . cnoi, Mon. Tall. 13 . cnói, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.27 . cnoi, LL 13579 . cnæ, Ériu vii 197.17 . cn, ZCP v 22 § 16 . cnó, Ériu xiii 26.20 . g p. chnáo, ZCP xii 366.9 . chno, Auraic. 1183 . Ériu xix 60.5 . d p. cnóib, Metr. Dinds. iii 130.31 . Later with n s. cnó, Airne F. 354 . d s. cna, IGT Decl. ex. 68 . cnaoí, O'R. Poems 974 . n p. cna, BS 116.17 . PBocht 1.4 . cno(: so), DDána 9.7 . cnúa, IGT Decl. ex. 1783 . cnúithe, § 98 . a p. cna, BCC 24 . cna proscribed form, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . cnúithe, Decl. ex. 1780 . ch.¤ , Introd. § 80 . Decl. ex. 614 . cnait[h]e, 23 K 42, 166.4 . d p. cnaibh, DDána 2.9 . cnoibh, Dánfhocail 208 . c.¤ f., IGT Decl. §§ 83 , 98 , 203 .

Nut : cnū .i. cāiniu .i. millsi oldati na toraid aile, Corm. Y 348 . feis for bloescaib cno `spending the night . . . on nutshells', Ériu xix 60.5 . teinm cno, O'Curry 769 ( H 3.18, 362a ). ba meti cend fir in ch.¤ , RC viii 56.x . bruithter cno, Ériu xiii 24.10 . a chna, a airne ionnúara, BS 110.8 . an ch.¤ ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . an chraobhshlat gan chnaoi (of Mary after death of Christ), xxvi 38 . is iad na cnó gnae, crand bis isin doman toir ┐ cnó ḟasas air . . . cona[d] dib sin dognither na bleighedha buis comardaigther risna cornaib buabaill . . . cedfaid Ferdomain . . . epscop Chille Dara . . . conadh iad na cna imais iad, O'Curry 1009 ( H 3.18, 429a ). Cf. O'Curry 352 ( H 3.18, 193c ), O'Dav. 539 . See gnóe. síltair sopur na Segsa / . . . ó thuitit cnói Crínmoind cain, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.27 . dona cnoib Segsa, Auraic. 5317 . cnōi cuill cāinmessa hazel nuts, Ériu vii 2.19 . na cnadh coill ┐ na castáinidhe 'the hazel-nuts and the chestnuts', Corp. Astron. 168.7 . cnaí conaire 'road-nuts; food one brings with one on a journey' Celtica xiii 21 . coimmeid hi re cnai nGaeidhealaigh, Celtica ii 80.329 `hazel nut' Gloss. in ch.¤ gædhilach gl. auellana (leg. Abellana) nux barua, RC ix 226.3 . auillani .i. na cno mora, ACL i 28 § 91 . bliadain na gcnó bfhinn `white nuts', ALC i 84.4 . cnú francach walnut, RC ix 238 58b . slata . . . do crann cno bhfrancach, Gen. xxx 37 . c.¤ cāech nó dule feda. O'Mulc. 757 . See cáech. c.¤ ḟás see 1 fás. asna cnaibh seasga, Oss. v 90.10 . Of nut-shell used as vessel: lan lestair na cno, O'Curry 588 ( H 3.18, 290 ). dorinneas lán ch.¤ do chantain, Ó Bruad. iii 214.y `to fulfil all due', n.; see also cnúlestar below. ?Of container for ink: do mhill olcus na cnu ┐ in membruim inn, O'Curry 860 ( H 3.18, 388 marg. inf.).

In transf. senses: ? nach diongna sé acht cóir fan gcnaoi `exacts justice in every trifle', Aithd. D. 84.1 . a ch.¤ fholamh na n-ainmhian (of the body), DDána 1.12 . mo ch.¤ is mo chiste-se (of harp made of hazel), Keat. Poems 281 . Of persons: c.¤ caech `blind nut' (of sinner), Fél. 156.7 . is cnú chaech … cách na déni toil in Rig 'anyone who does not do the will of the King is an empty nut', LL 36780 , Stud. Hib. xix 33 . Frequ. in laudatory sense: c.¤ ós coill, O'R. Poems 1685 , see n. an treas c.¤ don chrobhaing (of Holy Spirit), DDána 9.6 . ní Dáibhith . . . / ná Pól . . . / . . . a ch.¤ chothrom `neither D. . . . nor Paul . . . was his type', Ó Bruad. ii 194.8 .

In phrases: c.¤ chumhdaigh, c.¤ chroidhe, c.¤ choisi (acht na cnúithe coisi), IGT Decl. § 98 . is mé a c.¤ chridi glé darling, LU 8331 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ mo chraidhi, Acall. 4876 . a ch.¤ cheannsa na rosc `tender darling', Ó Bruad. i 8.15 . Cf. c.¤ na cclíar, Párl. na mB. 3816 . c.¤ chumhdaigh dar gcrobhuing féin protector (of Christ), Aithd. D. 75.40 . cnū mhullaigh na macroidhe, O'R. Poems 364 `the highest (i.e. most desirable) nut', Gloss M. c.¤ ós crobhaing `renowned above heroes', AFM v 1636.7 . See mullach, mocol.

Compds. With nouns. oired cnúboithe bochtáin tiny bothy, Caithr. Thoirdh. 3.x . ar mess chnó-chaille Achad `nut-grove', Metr. Dinds. iii 388.34 . dream ród g-cnofhídh- bhadh g-cruinn `of round-nutted woods', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 354.7 . .u. bainde . . . a cnulestar lán the hollow of a nut, O'Curry 587 ( H 3.18, 290 ). in chétna dabach . . . ro díscáil . . . amal chnómaidm `like the breaking of a nutshell', TBC-LL² 1195 . mes mor etir cnomes ┐ daurmes hazelnuts(?), AU i 336.21 .

With adjj.: barr dess dornach / collān cnóbeac `of tiny hazelnuts', K. and H. 14 . ósin chlár chnóboc, LL 1281 ( BB 34a3 ). Cf. cnóbog .i. bog oirdheirc, O'Cl. na bhfeadh collbán, cnóbuidi, Ériu iv 228.4 . coull ut dicitur cno-car fer .i. cach ag ithe a cno, Auraic. 4279 . crích cnóidhearcach cláir Chualonn, Top. Poems² 1047 . na gcuan gcnódhonn, DDána 111.8 . cach coll cno-gel, Hy Fiach. 272.10 .

With vb.: gor' cnomuidh a cride indti `broke like a nut', Dinds. 2 ( RC xv 289 ). O'Cl. Metr. Dinds. iii 158.12 .

comaimserad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaimserad or dil.ie/10611
Last Revised: 2019

vn. formation from comaimser. act of synchronizing, synchronism: comamserad rig an domain . . . fri rigaib Fer mBolc, Trip. xxvii 16 . coimgned, comamserad . . . / cech ríg diaraile, Metr. Dinds. i 14.21 . coumaimsirad andso sis, Auraic. 4038 . do Chessair ┐ do Partholōn ... ┐ dia comaimseradh ō Adam co dīlinn ... co fis comaimseraig cach rīg ro gab in doman frisin rē sin, ITS xxxix 126 § 246 .

1 comáirmid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 comáirmid or dil.ie/10670

v (comáirem) counts, reckons : coro chomairme i nnim mé maroen fri Stephen that you may reckon me, LB 230b41 . nirocomairemsa . . . etir chélib dé, Three Hom. 78.14 leg. ro-m-comairemad-sa, Gloss. = nirom-comhairmeadh-sa, Lism. L. 1583 . co ro comairmithe in tuili doman (of census), Rawl. B 512, 65c (cited Plummer MS. notes). dá fhichit décc cend ro comhairmheadh fiadha, AFM i 500.20 . See comáirid.

comartha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comartha or dil.ie/10762

Forms: comarde, -tha, -dha

n (1 airde). Earlier comarde (Wb.), -da(e). Both -tha and -dha attested by rhyme in class. verse.

(a) sign, mark, symbol, token, indication; proof, characteristic: For c.¤ in sense of mark (the coin) see Éigse xii 176 . comarde gl. signaculum, Wb. 10c19 . comarde óisa foirbthi, 22b15 . comarde . . . ar n-ícce, 21a6 . atá comarde fuirib .i. spiritus sanctus , 5 . issed a ch.¤ duit, faricfa in les n-oibela, Vita Br. 15 . comurtha gae a proof of falsehood, Laws v 310.x Comm. is ē c.¤ robūi etarru . . . .i. bleogan na n-earc . . . do lēcad iarsan abaind, Ériu ii 22 § 4 . comarda n-aichnid a familiar token, LU 8792 ( FB 59 ). cathugud cen ch.¤ `contending without proofs' (of pleading), Tec. Corm. 22 . scél can chomarda without evidence, LL 3293 . Cf. sgēl 's a chomhartha ré a chois, Butler Poems 1091 . comhardha dá chomhardhaibh `another sign heralding him' (: talmhain), Aithd. D. 37.19 . is tú a céile ar chomhardhaibh `by all signs', 44.23 . Iúdas do-rat c.¤ doib for Ísu, PH 3083 . fuair bean ar Chian comharrdha / nach biadh gan fhear n-ealadhna an indication (in a vision), O'Hara 115 . Síol gCéin dá chomhartha sin / do an cuid dibh `signs on it' some of S. gC. remained, 1657 . do bidh a chommor-sin do c.¤ aicce co ndechaid se dá oilithre docum na Romha, BCC 140 (140.30 . ? Leg. dá ch.¤ ). go bhfágann sé comhartha spioradálta ansan anam `a spiritual character', Donlevy 230.17 . ? buta, cusbóir, comhartha, Eg. Gl. 58 .

Miscellaneous applications: forḟagaib comartada imda in gach aird for doman traces (of Alexander), ZCP xxx 103.25 . folliucht no c.¤ in oirechais i mbátar = (non est in uentus) locus eius, PH 4272 . dhí bhus buan a chomhartha (: Lothra), Content. ii 33 . ag foillsiugud c.¤ an dileghtha symptoms, RC xlix 8.13 . na comharthadha cinnte fhorfhógras an bás, TSh. 1549 . na comarthada dermaire ┐ na mirbuli, PH 2763 . comhurta ingantuis (miraculum), Smaointe B. Chr. 2144 . comhluath is chluinid comhartha an chluig, RSClára 99b . comhartha na croiche, Beatha S. F. 394 . ré comhartha sóirt `by making signs to his partner' (at gambling games), Donlevy 98.2 . Mac Aingil 3338 . na dena sighna naid comharthadha ele, ITS xxix 202.5 . do tshuigigud na na[i]rdr[e]annach ┐ cá fad bíd siat ana comurtaib `zodiacal signs', O'Gr. Cat. 323.11 . imdenum na firmaminti . . . cona comartaidhti ┐ cona rindib, Grail 1641 . comarda criche `meers of a territory', Laws iv 142.25 Comm. comarda feadha no muighe, craind no liag no comarda talman, 144.3 - 4 Comm. fidhbla .i. crich son íncoisce bile feada, no fid comarda hé, 142.19 Comm. ail annscuithe, no crann, no líg . . . Dia mbed secht comarda dib and `land-marks', 17 Comm. c.¤ sliged `a way-mark', TTebe 1919 . ro soighset . . . co focus don chomhartha goal (in racing), Aen. 1051 . rosuidiged leosum . . . crich ┐ c.¤ cusa leicfitis an n-eocho, TTebe 2310 . bíd comardae fora mbudin distinguishing mark, token, LU 5540 . bid fó lim donísed c.¤ n-úait, 5402 . bíd etrond do chomarthu (of a ring), Fraech 153 . túag nime . . . i c.¤ ṡáertha ṡíl Ádaim, Ériu ii 198.7 a chomhardha catha battle standard, DDána 85.21 . leoman buidhe i srol uaine comharda na Craobh Ruaidhe, MR 228.6 . ro aithnigedar . . . Ercuil . . . ara comartaibh .i. lorg etc., Stair Erc. 1474 . corr-fhocail nach bhfuil coitchionn do mhíniúghadh: ag so a gcomhartha, (1) marked thus(1), Donlevy xxii 21 .

(c) Of a mark on the body: cen cu hairgitear indbe ina n-adharcaib na tuill ina clusaib .i. cin gu roib comarthadha orra, O'Curry 1906 ( 23 P 3, 23 (21)c ). Breasal Enechglas . . . .i. comarta glasa bai for a aighid, BB 249b28 . Cf. cosin comardu adgnithside with the . . . distinguishing mark (of bees), Laws ii 120.y Comm. cin cu be acht comurtha ann `though there should only be a mark (left on the body)' (contr. with cned which draws blood), 156.24 Comm. mana be c.¤ inn is crannchor eaturra . . . dia mbé c.¤ . . . (of an alleged assault), O'Curry 2191 ( Eg. 88, 7c ). comhartha an timcheallgheartha, séla fíréntachda an chreidimh, Romans iv 11 .

Precise application uncertain: epscop .i. co c.¤ no cen c.¤ `sign', Laws i 42.31 Comm. trí chomhortha na cruinne / . . . / trí rígh maolta gach móide / aonta trír na Tríonóide, DDána 60.13 (`beacons', Ir. Monthly 1922, 72 ). aisedh dobheir maoin im Fhlann / comhardha na nGall ria a ais `concord', AFM i 508.3 .

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