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10 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 10 a or dil.ie/11

 

inf. pron. 3 s. m. (nasalizing) and n. (leniting). See GOI § 409ff. 3 s. m. immanimcab `avoid him', Wb. 30d20 . rambia, 27c13 . nanglanad `let him purify himself', 11d8 . rananacht Dia `God saved him', 17d6 . darrat `he has given himself', 28b4 . ralleic `he has left him', Ml. 53b6 . nacoscid (c = g) `correct him', Wb. 26b29 . Absorbed by ní: ní n-aithgouin `he does not recognise him', Ml. 52 . 3 s. n. ní uainn raucsat `it is not from us they have taken it', Wb. 26b11 . actrachomalnathar `provided he fulfil it', 31b11 . darolgea dia doib `may God forgive it to them', 31a2 . dalugub són `I will forgive it', 32a21 . Absorbed by ní: ni-thabur son `I do not give this', Sg. 179a2 . In the course of the 9th cent. ( GOI loc. cit.) ra (ro+a), na-, da-, fa- are replaced by ro-, no-, do-, fo-: ro-léici he let himself go (i.e. rushed), Sc.M² 19 R . no-m-bertaigedar, 4 . dombeir , TBFr. 210 . For the mid. Ir. development see Strachan, Ériu i 153 ff. (in particular pp. 157 , 162-3 , 170 ). For the rules laid down for classical verse see the tracts edited by McKenna, Éigse ii 117 ff. and Bard. Synt. Tr. (synopsis pp. 249 - 52 ).

1 aird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aird or dil.ie/1792
Last Revised: 2019

 

n f. See Vendr. Lex.

(a) peak, point: mind . . . ceithri ardda cruanmoithni [fair], Trip.² 943 . cach n-ulind . . . ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-aircind don charput sin, LU 6403 (TBC). ra a.¤ a gúaland, MU² 726 . samalta lim ra trí airdi ind echrad-sin. elta dub-en os chind arbaige, etc., LL 189b29 . cach duine a.¤ each on his hill, Ériu iv 130.8 .

(b) Usually point of the compass, quarter, direction: cethri arda in domain .i. tair ┐ tíar tess ┐ túaid, LU 10063 . rosir [in teidm] fo chethri hairdib Erenn, RC xvii 416.24 (Tig.). fo chetheora ardda in betha, SR 8044 . scailit fo arttaibh ind aiéoir, RC xxvi 364.23 . tabraid triar cacha arda immon ṁbudinsin, LL 13939 . cia hardi robatar ina rigi what were the limits of his kingdom, BB 488a42 . trí treba di cech a.¤ impi, LB 121b4 = gacha airde, Celtica iv 32.457 . ro élodh A. . . . as gach áird d'a chéile from one point to another, Ériu i 81.1 . cucligi in talman occa thochur dar a.¤ ┐ dar cenn `being turned up . . .', Ériu ii 138 § 137 . cridhe san a.¤ -sin níor fhéagh heart never looked in that direction, Dán Dé xxiii 29 . i nacchaid na des-airde southwards, BNnÉ 70 § 117 . do na Pictibh san a.¤ thuaidh, Keat. iii 1343 . ní cóir a.¤ ar tús no ar deireadh comhfhocuil achd soir no siar ré n-airdibh eile words meaning points of the compass, IGT Introd. 24 § 98 .

In various adv. phrases. a.¤ in a.¤ batar in da cath in line , Cog. 168.24 . do gerrsin in gormslegh a.¤ a n-a.¤ gusa imlinn all the way up, Comp. CC 110.7 . a.¤ i n-a.¤ frisna rothaib iarndaidib level with, LU 6503 (TBC). co tarla in muir a.¤ fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris i.e. the sea was level with his head. TBC-LL¹ 1309 . o ra siacht C. ard fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris, 1179 . a.¤ an ard re cerdcae ciormhaire opposite , TFrag. 222.22 . ard i na.¤ fria roile `opposite each other', AFM v 1672.1 . tuittfit na slēibhti innus co mbet a.¤ ar a.¤ frisna glenntaib, RC xxviii 312 § 11 . ar a.¤ present: ar airt cona roib etarcéin `on the spot', Wb. 26a14 . G. ┐ A. rí Róman ar a.¤ occa G. and A. king of the Romans were present at it (viz. a ceremony), Trip.² 303 . badar da righdamna . . . ar a.¤ acu, Snedg. u. Mac R 31.17 . ma ta in fear ar aird 'if the husband is at hand', Mar. Dis. 34 § 14 . for a.¤ , PH 5433 . ni beo fen for a.¤ I shall not be alive, Three Hom. 70.20 . neart do lámh ar a.¤ ní fhuil the strength of your hands is not noticeable, DDána 56.5 . gan fheagra ar a.¤ ná éifeacht `without an answer of any weight or effect', Content. xxi 4 . beirid ar a.¤ brings forward, displays: tucsat . . . na cathfir a ceird muccada ar a.¤ `the champions displayed their swineherd's art', Dinds. 57 ( RC xv 453 ). conid hi dombeir ar a.¤ madain domnaig `tis she that brings it up (on the shore)', 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). tuc in tespuc in lebar for a.¤ , PH 25 . mentions expressly, cites: gin go tucc ar a.¤ though he did not mention it explicitly, O'D. 522 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). cuid crui don eiric tucad ar a.¤ . . . ┐ cuitig flatha . . . na tuc ar a.¤ , O'Curry 2103 (H. 4.22, fo. 76a). is aire tuc tar crich ar a.¤ i.e. he expressly added the words `tar crich', O'D. 605 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). logh bó . . . ná tard for áird do beth a foeitsecht aigi `he has in reserve the value . . . which he does not bring into the account', Laws iv 132.24 Comm. dāla Conculaind doberar ar a.¤ it is mentioned (transition of narrative from the doings of Fer Diad to those of C. C.), TBC-I¹ 2574 . dosbert na briathra sa ar a.¤ he said these words aloud, TBC-LL¹ 1497 . nach ttabhairther a nanmanna for a.¤ , `whose names are not given', AFM vi 2074.24 . cuirid ar a.¤ proclaims: orrtha chodoil chríche faghladh / fiadha í Chéin do chor ar a.¤ , O'Hara 4408 . ós a.¤ aloud, openly, publicly (opp. of ós ísel, cf. 1 ard): tucsat gáir . . . os a.¤ , LB 151b34 . ni ba menma . . . la cech oen turcebus airbert ngaiscid uas a.¤ hi tirib Grec, LL 400a39 . siodhach ós a.¤ ┐ eissíodhach ó mhenmain, AFM v 1772.x . do-beir ós a.¤ tells aloud, expresses openly: oc tabairt a n-anmand ós a.¤ , LU 10496 . dobered cách a chomram . . . ós a.¤ each used to tell his triumphs aloud, LU 3233 ( SCC § 2 ). iomthūsa M. dobearar ōs a.¤ , ML² 1542 . cuirid ós a.¤ : gan dáil cruidh do chor ós a.¤ , O'Hara 4304 . téit ós aird becomes public: sul deach ós a.¤ mh'fúasgaladh `ere my release be noised abroad', Ériu ix 162 § 1 . gidh measa ag Dia a dhol ós aird `though He likes not open (sin)', Dán Dé xxiii 27 . ?As prep. phrase: ag teacht na bhfarraid ós arroid na ndaoine before the people, 23 P 18, 25 b26 . Also with prec. c (g): imthúsa Clainni Cailitín do-berar cosaird, Comp. CC 88.7 . tucadh a gairm righ gos a.¤ let the king's cry be raised, CF 914 . narb ail leis mi-clu gos a.¤ do tabairt di, Smaointe B. Chr. 493 . do chuir Martha na mirbuile cos a.¤ (= publicavit), 1778 .

1 airechas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airechas or dil.ie/1900

 

n u, m. Later o. (1 airech). In Laws position of an aire; rank, legal status: ócaire, is ardu a a.¤ adi, Críth G. 87 . is di búaib atá a a.¤ ┐ a eneclann, 153 . do cuaidh as a bo-airechus ┐ ni riacht in t-oirechus desa, Laws v 32.12 Comm. cach aireachas [bes?] ardu i.e. each higher step in the rank of `aire', ii 12.4 Comm. is aire desu cu nairechus echta, 266.8 Comm. dair, cidh dombeir nairechus hi? iv 148.z . ni bis i m(b)iad a aireagais `in accordance with the dignity of his rank', BCrólige 24 .

In more general sense precedence, sovereignty, superiority, importance: a.¤ ind rig `the preeminence of the King', Ml. 46b6 . a.¤ do thabairt do macc `that principality (i.e. sovereignty) is given to the Son', 128a15 . rohucad a.¤ inna róma co constantinopoil, Sg. 174a1 . a.¤ ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd.) ní a.¤ fidei, Wb. 1b12 . dorochóinset arndabeth . . . ind a.¤ cétnae `they despaired of having . . . the same pre-eminence', Ml. 131c9 . ind airechsa ┐ inna soire rotecht in popul, 5 . huand a.¤ , 113b10 . hó airegas gl. a principio, Wb. 7b11 . in n-a.¤ nísin, Ml. 64d11 . ni gaib a.¤ , Wb. 3d8 . ithé rogabsat airegas gl. quosdam . . . possuit Deus . . . primum apostolos, 12b13 . ardri ar airechus, LU 8485 ( FB § 33 ). is la demnaib a n-oenur a airichas its sovereignty belongs to the devils alone (of hell), 2222 . tilach airechais ┐ tigernais Herend, 3439 ( SCC § 21 ). rígi ┐ airechus hÉrenn, BColm. 72.18 . is acco bái in t-a.¤ mór in ard ruide, LL 206a30 . teilccfidher a n-a.¤ / o sain collaithe mbratha, Anecd. ii 31.14 . a.¤ nEchach iarsin / sáegul noídecdai i nEmain, Metr. Dinds. iv 68.134 . gur bhean ríghe ┐ aireachas . . . de, Keat. iii 1436 . riasiú ro chaith bliadhain iomlán i n-aireachas a athardha, AFM v 1706.9 . gur maidset meic E. airechus coscair na cath-laithrech `gained the victory of the battle place', MR 244.8 . airechus engnuma, 160.18 . a nirt ┐ a n-airechus, ZCP viii 107.11 = a nert ┐ cumachta ┐ niachus, Anecd. ii 54.10 . ro chumhdaigh . . . cathair . . . is innte sein do caittí inmhe ┐ oirechus an ferainn sin go hiomlán, BNnÉ 236 § 158 . Frequ. coupled with ordan: t'ordan ┐ t'a.¤ , Trip.² 2971 . mór d'ordan ┐ d'aerechas, LU 10118 . tuile ordain ┐ oireachais na hErind (of a person), RC xvii 407.21 (Tig.). So also: ordan ┐ oireachas Mumhan, AFM ii 912.18 . As defining gen. port airechais seat of government, residence of a chief: ardphuirt aireachais an tíre, AFM v 1688.12 . port airechais Iarla C. R., vi 2200.13 . ardphuirt aireachuis Éireann `Ireland's capitals', TD 1.5 (see note, ii p. 188). cathair oirechais chief city, capital, Marco P. 3 . dothaithtin leo . . . in tinbher eisg ┐ oireachuis fuaradar ann `the noble fish-abounding estuary', Ériu v 90.22 . In comic n.pr. Ordan mac Airechuis, Anecd. ii 64.1 .

1 airmitiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airmitiu or dil.ie/2280
Last Revised: 2013

 

n n, f. In phrase a.¤ féid (see 5 fíad). Vn. of ar-muinethar féid. act of honouring, respecting; honour, respect: a.¤ féid in chinn do thabairt donaib ballaib, Wb. 7d14 . 15a19 . amal dombeir in ben airmitin féith don fiur, 11c14 . ermitiu feid, Ml. 22a4 . ind ermitiu feid, 28a21 . inna ermiten feid .i. armbad mou de a.¤ feid ind aithisc, 35c23 . is e . . . ceta tarat airmitan feid do P., Laws iii 28.9 . Note also: airm in na robai fiadh na airmhitiu, Ériu ii 136 § 120 .

Without follg. féid: ní tartisset airmitin Dé `they have not shown the reverence due to God', Wb. 1b17 . 5d16 . tabair uait a.¤ iar sreith / do Adom . . ., SR 837 . ba mór ind a.¤ tra doratsat Ulaid do Chonchobur, LL 12465 . fogebad grad ┐ ermitin, Trip.² 332 . airmitin a aidi, 887 . icá onóir ┐ ica airmhitin, RC xxvii 266 § 9 . co somíad co n-onóir co nairmitin, LU 2460 . ropo máralt airmiten, 4312 ( SG 84.33 ). do altugud na hairmiden ┐ na honora moiri sin tucad do, RC xxiv 64 § 26 . ba mor a.¤ na hingini si oc Dia, Three Hom. 54.10 . fer co n-armitin chelli ┐ crotha hi tuaith ┐ a n-eclais a man admired for his sagacity and beauty, Ann. Conn. 1233.7 . mā beith tra do ūaisle ind ḟir grāid ┐ a airmidin in proportion to the nobility and the dignity of the ordained man, Ériu i 220 § 15 . cion ┐ onóir ┐ airmhidin air, TSh. 2742 . más barr é ar a n-oirmhidin, Content. x 15 . airmidin .i. onóir, O'Cl.

In pl. honours, privileges(?): Pardus . . . / cona huilib airmitnaib, SR 1488 . a hecna, a hairmitniu `her honour' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 148 § 27 . a hordan a hairmidniu (of Paradise), RC xxviii 322 § 51 = a hairmitiu, LU 2484 . aithbe oll ar th'airmitnib, LL 200a34 .

In sense of taboo (? `lit. consideration, caution, reverence for a supposed supernatural sanction ', Plummer MS notes): biaid a.¤ (airmitniu v.l.) fort ḟlaith . . . ┐ bid si do a.¤ (airmitniu dogrés v.l.) .i. do ghes (folld. by list of taboos), BDD 16 . But latter to be read airmit-siu, Celtica xxiii 47-48 . a.¤ .i. geis, H 3.18, 529 . airmide .i. geis, O'Cl. See airmit.

Sense not clear in legal phrase ainrecht (airecht, arracht) airmiten: fortacht co ndeithbire .i. in ni doni d'foirithin neich aile co ndeithbires aice budhein in t-arracht airmiten, Laws v 488.31 Comm. congnum .i. oc a ngabail anrecht airmiten fos, 490.18 Comm. cid fodera sin ┐ co fuil lan fir isin airecht airmidean?, 492.16 Comm. na huili borbgnímraid . . . isa riagal re airrecht airmiten um sláinti, O'D. 1567 (H. 5.15, 4a).

aithesc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithesc or dil.ie/2637

 

Forms: athasc, aithesc, aitheasg, aitheasg

n o, n. Also athasc. See GOI § 824 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 621 , LEIA aithesc aitheasg f., IGT Decl. § 12 , § 18 . aitheasg m., § 28 , 38 .

(a) answer, reply: a n-aithescc noberid uaimm, Wb. 9d15 . ní ho doinib condaig a.¤ , Ml. 35c21 . inna firinne lasa comtacht a n-a.¤ , 26 . a n-a.¤ dorat Dia do Dauid, 3 . dobeir Dia a.¤ , 51b8 . a.¤ gl. responsio, 9 . intan dombeir . . . a.¤ , Sg. 162a4 . ro íarfacht P. do Ṡ. in n-athesc riam the answer to what had gone before, Trip.² 2876 . a n-a.¤ rop áil do A. iss ed ro ráidseom, LU 10757 . ba hed . . . athesc F. this was F.'s. reply, TBFr. 217 . ni forbaélid mo popa L. dia athiusc the answer he has received, LU 5999 (TBC). rolēma-su a rád ind athisc, RC xiii 377.4 . in tan ro siacht A. in log in athesc temple, oracle(?), BB 496b25 ( IT ii2 102.22 Alex.). Cf. ra hacallait . . . a n-aithescluic ┐ a n-ídaltigi oracles(?), LL 219b11 ( TTr. 176 ). By metathesis; do chuaid co haithescul Puin `to the fane of Faunus', Aen. 1509 . rochualasam . . . in guth isin aithesgul, 1514 . Cf. ionad aithisg, ML 52.20 . As vn. anad frim aithessc-sa to wait to reply to me, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 93 ).

(b) message, announcement, news: la tasc ind aingil .i. la haithisc, Mon. Tall. 127.12 (§ 1) . ro rāidset a n-athesca they delivered their messages, Sc.M² 2 . a thechtaire . . . co n-athescaib, LU 2025 ( FA 9 ). adfét do a.¤ Medba, 6151 (TBC). is aire-sin ro-comallad in a.¤ . . . is e in t-a.¤-sin therefore was the prophecy fulfilled, PH 3239 . an teachtaire thig do nimh / le haitheasgaibh Dé dhúiligh (i.e. Michael), Dán Dé xiv 26 . do immluad athisc ┐ irlabra frimsa, LL 9040 ( TBC-LL¹ 1720 ). acc iomluaidh aithiscc ┐ coinne etir Ó N. ┐ Ó D. bearing a message, AFM v 1788.17 .

(c) utterance, speech in general: is andsin rocuimnidh Eualac for aithescc Iosopus the saying of I., RC x 184.24 . aitheasg ilchealgach na naithreach nimhe, Desid. 4047 . maircc aithescc ro fhuighill an chomhairle the utterance that suggested that plan(?), AFM vi 2358.13 . ba comarli coir ba hathiusc fagbala ┐ ba buaid airlabra inspired utterance(?), Cog. 70.13 . a.¤ . . . cungeda neich o neoch a greeting with a request behind it, LL 8485 (TBC). co mbuaidh n-innsgni n-aitheisg ┐ n-erlabhra `with the gift of elocution, address and eloquence', AFM vi 1960.3 . ré heasbaidh athaisg deficiency of speech, TSh. 1782 . conid désin is athiusc mbreithri la Gaedelu a saying, Lism. L. 404 . atrubradar fir hErinn d'oenaithiusc fri Eochaid unanimously, IT i 118.12 . do ghluaiseadar d'aon-aitheasc, Maguires of F. 43 . do ráidhsead d'aitheasg éinfhir as one man, DDána 75.26 . d'aitheasg an urchair sin by means of that shot, Oss. iii 132.23 .

COMPD. ¤-loc, see (a) above.

cobair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cobair or dil.ie/9802

 

Forms: cobir, cobuir, cobar, cobrith, cobraid, chobrad, cobraid, chobrait, cobra, cobartha, cabra, cobra, cobra, cobhraidh, cuibre, g[c]abartha, cobair, cabhair, cobair, cabair, cobra, cabra, cobhair, cabhair

n f. (*com-fo-reth, Thurn. ZCP xxii 26 ). Inflexion very variable. n s. cobir, Wb. 5c5 . 16a31 . cobuir, Ml. 44c9 . cobar, TBC-I¹ 2189 . a s. cobrith, Wb. 7c4 . cobraid (: don-formaig), Fél. Oct. 18 . Imr. Brain 46.23 v.l. g s. chobrad, Cymmr. xiv 132 § 25 . Corp. Gen. 26.24 . d s. cobraid, O'Mulc. 779 . chobrait, LB 262a63 . Later with g s. cobra, cobartha. cabra (: Abla), Metr. Dinds. iv 184.12 (see Thurn. loc. cit.). ? cobra, ZCP iii 466.19 . a s. cobra (: mogda), Metr. Dinds. iii 380.10 . ? n p. cobhraidh, AFM ii 588.17 . g s. cuibre, Ériu vi 115.2 . a p. g[c]abartha, Auraic. 2126 . Note also combair (cobair, cabhair, v.ll.), Fél. Prol. 243 . cobair, cabair, g s. cobra, cabra f., IGT Decl. § 10 . cobhair, cabhair, Verbs § 124 .

(a) help, assistance: lase dombeir dia cobrith n-occo `when God gives help therein', Wb. 7c4 . cotarat c.¤ trein trait, SR 3767 . ní cobuir ín tasc `the notice is of no avail', Laws i 60.x Comm. (cobraithir?). MoChonne coemh cabair, Gorm. 25 . teasda c.¤ múir Mhaicniadh ` guardian ', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 9 . is adbul a c.¤ , Fél. July 28 . is ar ch.¤ ocon Táin dorigni (of infidelity of Medb), LU 5410 (TBC). is mithig in chabair, TBC-LL² 2890 . giarb i in ch.¤ iar n-assu `help that came too late', 3353 (see 2 assa(e)). c.¤ fo-gēba `you shall be comforted', Ériu xvi 163 § 28 . ? mun is cobuir coiblis, Laws v 242.11 Comm. d'iarraidh cabhra air, Keat. ii 6058 .

With DO: ropo ch.¤ dond Érinn / tīchtu Patraicc, Thes. ii 312.5 (Hy. ii). a ndogena cách is hed bes chobuir dó, Wb. 20c10 . ro pad mór a ch.¤ dia chomaltu, TFerbe 630 . im chobair do fuidir, Laws i 124.12 . 138.27 Comm. cindas for cobarthasi damsa?, Anecd. i 11.8 ( SCano 336 ). robadh couradh damh, Ériu iv 236 § 9 .

With descr. gen.: cabhair fhaghla military help, Aithd. D. 26.22 . Clann Charthaigh . . . / gan chabhair anfaidh aco `help against the storm', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 16 . guth gan chabhair choigcríche (of Irish language), Keat. Poems 2 . Attrib. g s. a chelg nir chelg chobartha `helpful cunning', Metr. Dinds. iii 77.132 . a Chríst cobra `Oh helpful Christ', Ériu vi 114.17 . ba h-édāil c[h]abhartha do c[h]uradhuib, ML² 1577 . a sgiath cabhra na gcóigeadh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 8 . luibh chabhra, DDána 70.7 .

(b) As vn. act of helping, assisting . With subj. gen.: dús in táir c.¤ Ulad foo, LU 5620 (TBC). With obj. gen.: dom cobhair, Ériu xiii 38.6 . robatar ac cobraid Ailillæ, O'Mulc. 779 . c.¤ fir a culchi chíar, LU 3053 . connā cumaiṅg nech dīb cobair araile, Corp. Gen. 205.9 . tancatar do cabair in tighi, Lism. L. 1210 . mo cobair-si help for me, ZCP vii 306.17 . In other Vn. constructions: dotaísed . . . do chobair dún, Fraech 158 . gan nert cobharta forra féin, BNnÉ 5.9 . an marbh do chabhair, TSh. 4874 . ? cobhair .i. comhorgain, O'Cl.

1 dair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dair or dil.ie/14250
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: daur, Daur, daro, dair, daro, darach, ralach, daro, dara, darach, darcha, dairrge, dairghe, dhíoṁora, dairgi, dairghe, Daurgabal, Daur-ṡaegul, dair-ḟid, dauruth, daur-gráinne, daurgráne i gráne darach, daurgráinne, dair-imme, dair-mag, dairmess, dair, daire, dara, darach, daraighe

n i & k, daur u, f., earlier neut. (?): dair nduillech, Ériu xxvi 83 § 14 . Daur, gen. daro, is the older, dair, gen. daro, darach the later inflexion ( Thurn. Hdb. 196 ). For the inflexion cf. rail, gen. ralach. In AU the genitive daro (in Cell Daro) continues to 918, after which dara and darach.

I An oak. quercus .i. daur, Sg. 38 a 9 . is clí darach Moysi, Wb. 33 a 5 . uath na darach cnú na darach, Zeuss 260 . hec quercus. dair, Ir. Gl. 554 . quercus .i. in dair, RC ix 240. 4 . gallus autoun ubhall duilli na darach, ACL i 327. 20 (= H 3.15, A 48 a ). airigh feada dair coll cuileand &c. Laws iv 146. 21 ; 148. 18 (commentary). dair. cid dombeir [i]n-airechus hi? a meas ┐ sáire, ib. 148. 26 . díre ndarach, ib. 148. 19 . gabais Fergus...dair mór...assa frémaib, ScM. 18 (in ndaraig móir, Rawl., Hib. Min. 56. 7 ). tópacht and cétbunni darach, TBC-LL¹ 563 . gráne darach, LL 311 b 18 . na daire romóra secha táncamar, ib. 264 b 42 . masa dairi feda feirn as chaill chairn, ib. 265 a 27 . sech rennaib na ndairi, ib. 265 a 20 . ferand lán do dairib dairmessa, ib. 162 b 18 . ba tuairgain darach gho do dhorn(aibh) RC x 335. 14 . fidhbadh...ibair ┐ daraig móra i suidhiu, ib. 72. 2 . maer (i.e. móir) aen inna ndarach mór in gésca, ib. 74. 3 . mes ara dairgibh donnuibh, Acall. 343 . la dairghibh ┐ omnuibh, ZCP i 390. 12 . co ndairghibh, SG 346. 39 . ina ndarachaib, 299. 29 . robenatar dairbre glasdarach CRR 37 . acc dol i ndaraig i ndreim rothuit a daraigh i tein, Anecd. ii 27. 26 . dair dermair cen rúsc cen duille, CCath. 338 . eochrann darach derṁaire, ib. 336 . amal daracho dímóra, Aen. 187 . darcha (a pl.), Bucol. 40 . dairrge, LL 308 a 15 . a dairghe (n pl.) dhíoṁora, Cog. 198. 28 . dairgi dainngne (n pl.) ZCP vi 279. 36 . dairghe (n pl.), Ériu v 60. 27 . co fuaratar cuais darach, LB 247 a 50 . a dhair dhosach dhuilledhach, B IV 1, fo. 88 a . PROV. nirbo hesarguin darach do dorn, Anecd. ii 72. 7 .

II Oak-timber, oak-wood (as material). Usually only in gen. clar ndara idir cach dí caomdai, Laws iv 304. 21 Comm. iana ┐ dromlacha ┐ dabcha darach, ib. v 94. 10 Comm. durrtaigi .i. durthech .i. dairthech .i. tech darach, ib. 102. 27 Comm. co ndernad tech ṅdarach di, LL 280 a 20 . hi tech ndarach, LU 19 a 17 . tech darach co tugi slinned, FB 55 . lán a dá glac lais do lommanaib darach, ib. 81 . ...do dénam na cathrach. Mas do daraig...mas da licc YBL 124 a 8 = Ériu ii 22. 28 . buinne darach, Ériu v 62. 3 .

III The letter d. duir is o chrann rohainmniged, BB 325 a 37 . sealbhadh duir ag dol i nion | ... | sealbhadh tinne ag dol i nduir 'the sealbhadh of d becomes n ... the sealbhadh of t becomes d', Éigse xxxvi 38 § 4 . do duir ┐ do gourt, Auraic. 4324 .

LOC. i nDruimm Daro .i. Druim Lias, Thes. ii 238. 14 . do Druim Dara bali atá indiú Druim Lias, Trip., i 144. 18 . Ess Dara, Acall. 1511 . Cell Dara, ib. 693 . co sanctaib Cille Dara, Trip. 349. 1 . epscop Cille Daro, AU i 40. 6 . abatisa Cille Daro, ib. 436. 5 . Áth na darach caime, Hog. Onom. 67 . iarla Chille Dara, TSh. 152. 7 . Dair-inis Valentia Island : Mael Anfaid na Darinse, LL vi 51768 . Daur-mag, dair-mag, dur-mag, der-mag Durrow CRR p. 127 . Holder 1241 . Onomast.

PERS. Fadb Darach hua Omna, CRR 18 , cf. Daurach. Daurgabal oak-fork LL 328 d 22 . g s. tri meic Daurgabail, ib. 328 upper marg. Daur-ṡaegul oak-age , ib. 23 .

COMPS. dair-ḟid, dauruth an oak-wood , see dair-ḟid, dauruth. daur-gráinne: daurgráne i gráne darach an acorn LL 311 b 18 . daurgráinne, Rawl. 118 a 22 . dair-imme an oaken fence Laws iv 76. 17 . dairime isin -chaill, ib. 28 . dair-mag, v. supra. dairmess acorns, oak-mast . habundantia dairmesa, AU i 236. 1 . co nimad dairṁessa, ALC i 404. 28 . gairid in trét fo dairbri dairmessa, LL 144 b 2 . ferand lán do dairib dairmessa, ib. 162 b 18 . dairmes do degmucaib, ib. 386 a 20 . mag lán dia dairmes, Lib. Flav. 27 a 2 . 44 .

MOD. dair, gen. daire, dara, darach, daraighe.

? degra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? degra or dil.ie/15092

 

ind aní fogeir mo menma | dombeir fri d.¤ duibe, LL 194a6 .

in-éren

Cite this: eDIL s.v. in-éren or dil.ie/28573

 

Forms: ineren, aneirined, ineranar

v (in-ess-ren) indic. pres. s. 3 rel. ineren, Laws iii 464.4 Comm. ipv. s. 3 aneirined, iv 102.17 Comm. pass. indic. pres. s. ineranar, ii 374.20 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 17 ).

compensates, makes compensation: as-renar aithgein cach diubairt co logud no in-eranar a (leg. i) lo imscártha `wird ... bezahlt oder ... hineingezahlt,' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 17. in ti dia mbi caime in cethra, is é ineren ní as dia raile `who pays out of it to the other,' Laws iii 464.4 Comm. focerdat crann ím an agh mbeo dus ci da lína aneren do alaile as `to know which of the two should pay the other for him,' iv 102.12 Comm. dombeir iarum in tí dhia tuit, ocus aneirined a ceile do urland sealb let his neighbour make compensation, 102.17 Comm.

2 -m-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 -m- or dil.ie/31161

 

in Old and Mid.Ir. before b often represents eclipsis of latter after 3 s. m. inf. pron.: in rí chondaigi . . . manimbera latt ní fogbái unless thou bring him with thee, Thes. ii 296.6 . dombeir uadh gives it away, Laws iv 36.28 Comm.

reilic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. reilic or dil.ie/34955

 

Forms: reilce, relec, -reilce, reilg, roileg, reileag, relgi

n f. (Lat. reliquiae) n p. reilce. g p. relec, LU 4040 . -reilce, Fél. Oct. 1 (in sense b). Later forms are roileg and reilg. roileg reileag f., IGT Dec. § 54.11 . g s. relgi, ex. 1404 .

(a) a burial-place , used both of pagan and Christian cemeteries: fecerunt fossam rotundam (in) similitudinem fertae, quia sic faciebant (Scotici) homines. Nobiscum hautem reli(c) uocatu(r) id est reliquiae, et feurt, Trip. 317.18 ( Ardm. 12b1 ). relic .i. a reliqui[i]s sanctorum , Corm. Y 1096 . reilic, gl. coemeterium, Ir. Gl. 691 . rupu sí a rreilic, gl. quorum cadavera prostrata sunt in deserto, Wb. 33a22 . combad he bad reilec adnaicthi dó ┐ día chlaind in Brug, LU 4109 . for son reilgce, `nach Art eines Friedhofs', Wortk. 201 ( SR 4411 ). iat tri réilce idlaide relec Thailten . . . relec Crúachan . . . ┐ relec in Broga, LU 2875 (= BB 249a5 ). rob í Tailltin tres primh-reileag na hEirenn, Ériu iii 150 § 2 . tempaill Dea ┐ relci idal, CCath. 5647 . i rrelgib idhol, 4008 . a chorp do léigean i reilg iodhal, Keat. ii 5412 .

Usually of Christian cemeteries attached to a church or oratory, somet. including the latter: in scuap bís immon corp ica thabairt do chum relggi, LL 161a marg. sup. roileg uasal Oireachtaigh | innte rob áil lem loighe, ZCP xii 393.24 . nach itge gigestar do Dia oc relcib nóemaib, Ériu ii 196 § 12 . dolluid desel relci, MacCongl. 11.3 . iar ccoisreaccadh tempall ┐ relgeadh, AFM iii 8.16 . In Laws allusion is made to the custom of taking oaths in cemeteries: dombeir fo secht relgaib he proffers it (an oath) at seven cemeteries , v 454.32 Comm. diablad luchta fira docum reilgi doubling the number of testators in the cemetery , Cóic Con. 37 § 50 . See ib. p. 64 and Ériu ix 114 . etach reilge (a funeral-due to the church), Laws v 432.14 Comm.

In follg. exx. seems used of the enclosure round a saint's `reiclés' (which became later a burial-place): tuctha dá ech Dare chuca ina regles . . . ar rubu [ḟ]érach ind reilec, Trip. 228.15 . rucc na bu do lār na reilcce, BNnÉ 315 § 10 (of Rahen). co cloisind núall ri táeb reilcci, fuam na fairrge, ZCP v 496 x (poem attributed to Colum Cille on an island). In follg. exx. of the church itself: almsa menic maith | don relic dian toich, KMMisc. 264.7 . guth an c[h]luicc in gach roilig buig, ZCP xii 395.4 . cf. ACL iii 233.20 (where read: in cach reilic mbuig). do chumdaigh se imat reilg . . . .i. tempall Anacis Granis . . . ┐ tempall a n-anoir San Sem, etc., ITS xix 12.20 (eclasa v.l.). Cf. basil[i]ci .i. relci, ar batar rig tantum no adnaictis intib, O'Mulc. 128 . Freq. in place-names, s. Hog. Onom. s.v. relecc .

(b) in pl. relics (of a saint): im reilcib Póil ┐ Petair, Lat. Lives 20.3 . cona reilgib (.i. cona taisib), ACL iii 20 § 47 , cf. Trip. 84.18 . notabar fercubat fir isind adnacal ar nā tucaiter do reilci ┐ do thaisi ass, Trip. 252.29 . ? foracaib P. reilgi sruithiu i lLecain Midi `relics of elders' (? ancient relics ), 82.5 . itat a relce ┐ a thaisi . . . i talmain, Lism. L. 2775 . reilci Patraic do tabairt i scrin, AU 552 . féil nóebreilce ṅ-úasal, Fél. Oct. 1 .

(c) in B. na f. a body (of a living person): mo c[h]orc am reilic (.i. mo chraidhe am chorp), ZCP v 487 § 1 .

1 tre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tre or dil.ie/41608
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tri, tre, tri, tre, tré, trí, -i, thr, thrempi, tria, trie, tríd, tríd, trit, trit, tres, tre, tres, tresin, tresind, tresan, trésan, trisin, trissin, triasin, triasand, triasan, tresa, tressa, tres, trisa, trissa, triasa, tresna, trésna, trisna, triasna, trium, tríom, triut, triut, trit-su, treot, treót, thréodsa, thriodsa, tríod, triit, tríit, tríit, triitt, trit, tríd, th-, thrít, thríd, tree, trée, treæ, trea, tre(i)the, -i, trithe, trithi, tríthe, th—, thríthi, thríthe, triunni, tríonn, trín-ne, th-, thrínn, thrín, triib, triuib, tribh, treu, tréu, treo, tréu, tréo, treothu, treotho, treotha, tretho, tretha, trithu, tritha, tríotha, thríotha, trithibh, treamhum, tréamham, treamham, tremut, tromud, tromhat, tre(i)m(h)it, -d, treimheit, treimhid, trempi, troimpi, thrempi, trempu, treampa, treampa, treompo, trompa, triomhtha, tríom, tromham, treamham, tríod, tríot, tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat, tríd, troimhe, treimhe, tríotha, trithe, troimpe, treimpe, troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit, trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn, tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh, tríotha, trompa, treampa, trem, trim, triam, trit, triat, tret, tred, trét, tria, tría, triánn, trea, tr, thre, tré, triana, trena, trina, tréna, treimhid, trīd, triar, trear, tre, trénar, tri, tri, tre, tre, tre, trialaile, trinaroile, trenaroili, trít, tremi-, tris-, tre-

prep. with acc. (later also with dat. Cf. tri suidib, Ml. 56b15 ), leniting (see GOI § 856 ). Apart from Ml, tre is the commoner form in the O. Ir. Glosses. tri, however, is frequent in Wb, and is the usual form in Ml (tre, Ml. 16a25 , 96a6 ). It is also found (much less commonly than tre) in Sg. (27a2 , 188a8 , 189b2 , 195b1 , 197b4 , 201b3 , 213b8 ). tré is written with length-mark at Sg. 159a1 , and frequently in the later language. trí (with length-mark) occurs at Wb. 12c34 , Tur. 103 , Acr. 11c5 , Ml. 2d5 , 14c16 , 22b1 , 30a9 , etc. The form in -i is infrequent after the Old Irish period ( tri, Sc.M² 5 , Rosa Angl. 196.23 , ZCP vi 63.12 , 70.8 ). With lenition of t- thr, LU 10606 (cf. thrempi, PH 268 , and the Mod. Ir. forms with pron. suff. infra). The form tria is fairly common in all periods outside the O. Ir. Glosses: Thes. ii 300.9 , 331.4 , Hib. Min. 244 , Laws ii 374.12 , Mon. Tall. 154.4 , IT i 19.37 , PH 7431 , BDD² 1295 , Maund. 57 , and is the usual form in SR (168 , 1926 , 3128 ). trie, IT i 267.24 . The form with pron. suff. 3 s. tríd is used as simple prep. in Mod. Ir.: tríd fhear, IGT Introd. 19.5 , trit stól, 23 K 42, 404.19 , trit na scelaib-sin, ZCP vi 72.21 , most usually with article and possessives, see infra. Note also tres gach, DDána 66.1 ; cf. tre gach bhfear .l., tres gach bhfear .c., Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.6 .

With art.: sing. m. and f. tresin, Wb. 20d13 , 30a13 , Sg. 59b18 , 138a1 , 161b1 , 188a26 , 201a2 , BCr. 32a8 , 34c2 , TBFr. 238 , PH 8086 . tresind, Mon. Tall. 141.z . tresan, TBC-LL¹ p. 837 n. 5 , IGT Decl. ex. 1121 . trésan, TSh. 190 , Ó Héodhusa 46.1. trisin, Wb. 5b20 , 10b19 , 12d20 , Tur. 43 , 48 , 55 , 68 , Sg. 209b31 , Ml. 19b11 , 29b8 , 33d13 , 37a22 , etc. trissin, Wb. 12d39 . triasin, SR 7580 , Sc.M² 22.6 , PH 5137 . triasand láim, BDD² 1511 . triasan, ZCP viii 114 § 14 . neut. tresa, Sg. 32a8 , 197b2 . tressa, Wb. 32c20 , tresṅgné `by the species,' Sg. 73b1 . trisa, Wb. 13a10 , Ml. 20a6 , 30d19 , 37b7 . trissa, Wb. 4d33 , Ml. 15a13 , 37d16 , 42c23 , 54c15 , etc. triasa, BDD² 1435.

Note also trit an firt, BColm. 88.2 . tríd an sgéal, Dán Dé xxviii 31 . trit an talmain, Maund. 8.

Plur. tresna, Hib. Min. 445 , PH 4164 , Feis Tighe Chonáin 779 . trésna, Fél. Prol. 44 , TSh. 601 . trisna, Wb. 4a6 , Tur. 65 , Ml. 25b7 , 36c19 , 38d18 , etc. triasna, PH 4657 , BColm. 106.2 .

With pron. suff. 1 s. trium, Wb. 23b30 . tríom, DDána 3.16 . 2 s. triut, Ml. 44c11 , 88a16 , 17 , Sc.M² 9 (tréot, v.l.), Fél. Ep. 438 , IT i 70.14 , Ériu iii 137.55 . triut, LU 3255 . trit-su, PH 2664 . treot, RC xxvii 276.3 . treót, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). thréodsa .i. thriodsa , O'Cl. tríod, TD 14.20 , DDána 110.47 . 3 s. m. and n. triit, Wb. 1d4 , 2b15 , 8d11 , Ml. 51b10 , Sg. 73b7 , 76b7 , Críth G. 549 , SR 172 , IT i 76.6 . tríit, Ml. 51d1 , Sg. 43a3 , 148b7 . tríit, TBC-LL¹ 1184 . triitt, BColm. 66.12 . trit, Wb. 27c2 , Mon. Tall. 156.10 , PH 7792 , Laws i 44.1 Comm. , Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tríd, DDána 32.35 , Content. vii 15 , TSh. 9831 . With lenited th-: thrít, TBC-LL¹ 3264 . thríd, Ériu ix 165 § 25 , TSh. 10785 . 3 s. f. tree, Wb. 2c4 , 5c17 . trée, Sg. 25b14 . treæ, Ml. 88b15 . trea (trethe, v.l.), BDD² 1231 . tre(i)the, -i, Sc.M² 1 , ZCP viii 104.18 , TBC-LL¹ 1946 , Laws i 144.2 Comm. , 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), tréthi, PH 2385 . trithe, Fél.² lxxvii 29 , Maund. 80 . trithi, Stair Erc. 2493 . tríthe, TBC-LL¹ p. 651 n. 5 , DDána 54.28 . TD 10.25 (condemned in IGT, see citation below). With lenited th—: thríthi, TD 13.8 . thríthe, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . 1 pl. triunni, Wb. 14c16 , Ml. 129d20 . tríonn, Dán Dé x 9 , DDána 40.17 . trín-ne, 40.28 . With lenited th-: thrínn, Dán Dé xxvii 32 . thrín, Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . 2 pl. triib, Wb. 3b22 . triuib, TTr.² 1766 . tribh, DDána 30.15 , TD 14.37 . 3 pl. treu, Wb. 28c18 , 30c13 , Ml. 42b13 , 42c11 . tréu, 42d2 . treo, Sg. 4b4 , 138a4 , Críth G. 540 , BDD² 1278 (treu, tréu, v.ll.). tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . treothu, SR 327 , 4311 , PH 1216 . treotho, AU i 578.7 . treotha, Laws i 44.10 Comm. tretho, iii 362.22 . tretha, Ériu xii 190.y . trithu, PH 4637 , MR 194.15 . tritha, Marco P. 145 . tríotha, TSh. 8342 . thríotha, A IV 3, 771.x . trithibh, BNnÉ 324.6 .

In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with infixed -m-, and -o- instead of -e- (infl. of ré n-): 1 s. treamhum, DDána 39.23 . tréamham (: dhéanamh), Ó Bruad. iii 22.5 . treamham .i. thriom, O'Cl. 2 s. tremut, PH 2424 . tromud, YBL 149b7 . tromhat, SG 69.34 . 3 s. m. tre(i)m(h)it, -d, PH 2645 , BColm. 78.23 , Laws v 172.z Comm. , DDána 101.8 (: dtig), AFM iii 128.x , CCath. 3944 . treimheit (: dheit), Content. ix 7 . treimhid .i. trid, O'Cl. 3 s. f. trempi, TTebe 3287 , MR 202.1 . troimpi, IGT Decl. ex. 1124 (treimpi, v.l.). With lenition thrempi, PH 268 . 3 pl. trempu, PH 8155 . treampa, Hugh Roe 94.18 . treampa .i. triotha, O'Cl. treompo, TTebe 1909 . trompa, 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), Leb. Gab.(i) 104.16 , Lism. L. 4609 . triomhtha, Ó Bruad. ii 190.10 .

The following forms are given for syllabic verse in Bard. Synt. Tr. 7.21 : tríom, tromham, treamham; tríod, tríot tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat; tríd, troimhe, treimhe; tríotha, l. a ghearradh, trithe, l. a shíneadh, troimpe, treimpe; troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit ...; trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn; tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh; tríotha, trompa, treampa.

With poss. adj.: 1 s. trem, Wb. 17b33 , 23b23 , 30a25 , TBC-LL¹ 3132 , TD 39.2 . trim, Ml. 44b29 , 89a2 , 127a3 . triam, RC vi 176.59 . 2 s. trit, Ml. 62d4 , 87a9 . triat, SR 1484 , 1727 , TBC-I¹ 2811 . tret, Sc.M² 11 (triat, v.l.), DDána 101.8 . tred, TBC-LL¹ p. 617 n. 10 , DDána 56.9 . trét, PH 2599 . 3 s. and pl. tria, Wb. 1b5 , Ml. 37b23 , Sg. 211b5 , Críth G. 214 ; f. Wb. 10a3 ; pl. Wb. 8a14 , Ml. 28d15 , Sg. 3a11 . tría, Ml. 30c5 . triánn drochgnímu, 84c14 . trea, Wb. 29d29 , 33c7 , Hib. Min. 214 ; f. TBFr. 234 (treda, MS.); pl. Wb. 19a12 , 29a7 , Fél. Jan. 4 (tria, v.l.). tr, TTebe 1017 . thre, Ériu i 28.193 . tré a, TSh. 472 . triana, SR 5201 , BDD² 1164 ; f. IT i 125.24 . trena, LU 3292 ; f. DDána 16.6 ; pl. PH. 7056 . trina, Maund. 44 ; pl. TBC-LL¹ 3616 . tréna, TSh. 8343 ; f. Dán Dé xxv 49 ; pl. Studies 1924, 242 § 11 . treimhid a tromaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n. 2 . trīd a (sic MS.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 , O'Cl. s.v. tré. 1 pl. triar , Ml. 83c11 , 100d14 . trear, Wb. 26a27 . tre ar, DDána 10.5 . trénar, Dán Dé xxv 18 . 2 pl. tri bar, Wb. 9d24 . tri far, Ml. 115b8 . tre bar, Wb. 14c17 , 27a1 . tre far, 23d16 . tre bhar, DDána 95.22 .

With aile: trialaile, Wb. 10a4 . trinaroile, Stair Erc. 2156 . trenaroili, 809 .

With rel.: trisa mbí, Wb. 3d21 . trissa nétatsat, Ml. 57a3 . trisnansoirthae, 124a8 . trisá netar, 126b19 . trisin-damrobae, 126d11 . tresa mbí, Wb. 23b5 . tresindippiat, tresindabia, 25d8 . tressa naithnuigther, Thes. ii 253.12 . tresambed, Mon. Tall. 164.7 . tres-in iumfhoilngither, PH 6250 . trias-a roichet, 5904 . triasradībdad, Cáin Ad. 21 . tríasa n-agailledar, RC xiii 269.13 . tre' tig, PH 7792 . tré dtuillmid, Donlevy 152.12 . tre a bhfuil, DDána 107.6 . tre ar fhás, 10.17 . tré nach faghar, Content. xvi 85 . trina tic, ZCP vi 272 § 11 . trinar marbh se, 279.2 . tríd nar bh'oircheas, DDána 46.1 . thríd nach fuighinn, 25a.4 . tremit ar harced, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

I In local senses.

(a) through . Of countries, territories, etc.: dia luid duaid ... tri glenn iosofád, Ml. 58c4 . rethid ... tré airechtu athluma, | tre buidnib ban ..., | tre cholltib, tre chathracha (of the writer's thoughts), Ériu iii 14 § 3 . do hionnarbadh inn | tre Chlár ... bhFéilim, TD 15.9 . along roads, across bridges, fords, etc.: trisna cemmen i nandais beus gl. hii psalmi graduum dicuntur qua in ascensu Templi canebantur per ea interualla ... `through the steps on which they continued to halt,' Ml. 133b4 . trisna foirthiu ailitherdi gl. peregrina per marmora `through the foreign fords (?),' Tur. 65 . ni bhaoi conair ... act trésan droichet, Hugh Roe 94.18 . triall ... tré bhealach bhriste na cána, TSh. 2589 . Of apertures, doors, etc.: ol in spiurt noib tri giun in fatho, Ml. 74d13 . do aircechain tria ginu na fer fireon, Laws i 16.6 . cethri drolaim ... | asind airc ... | dá drol treothu, SR 4311 . bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar ṁbrúar, BDD² 1295 . tria tholl na comla, ACL iii 308 vi 20 . nos tairnged tria ladraib a choss, TBC-LL¹ 1408 . trit in dorus sin, ZCP vi 284.32 . through the midst of a crowd of people, army, etc.: acht mad treo docoí `except he have gone through them (the enemy)' (note), Críth G. 540 . culu tria neit ... .i. amal teit carpat ... tria chath, ACC 2 . dolen Sir Heront trit in cath e, ZCP vi 69.22 . dol trempa gan airisiumh, AFM vi 2162.x . Of buildings: cóic shéoit i ndul tria thech tria lías, Críth G. 214 . ragaid ... tria choimtig inn rígthaigi (a sword), BDD² 1248 . secht sligeda trethe (of a bruden), Sc.M² 1 . Of garments, shields, etc.: co tregda in fer tria scíath, Críth G. 555 . atconnairc Cu Chulaind ... a gualaind tresin cochull, LU 3788 . ro gonadhsan cach tairsí ┐ treithi ┐ séici (bricht comga), TBC-LL¹ p. 359 n. 7 . Of the body or parts of the body: ? rog[lan]ad són tria deis gl. arcton [dextra tenet] (simile of the four parts of the Cross and the four cardinal points), Tur. 142 . bróenán fola ... | tria thóebán, Fél. Ep. 352 . triam taebh, RC vi 176.59 . triana chend, TBC-LL¹ 1268 . budh iomdha ... tre chneas ... | soighead, TD 16.66 . Of a surface, skin, the earth etc.: cach luib tricc ticc tria thalmain, SR 1926 . nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig | nach creid ... dhuid `there is no verdure on the rock but trusts ...,' Dán Dé xxix 26 . Cf. co faisctis a drucht ┐ a uanfadh tremit so that its dew and foam were squeezed from it (of the moon), CCath. 3944.

Various: anadchither tri themel, Wb. 12c12 . ni forcmat óin chomsuidigud trea nuili aimsera `through all their tenses,' Sg. 157b9 . arbeittet bairtni bindi | tri laith linni ainm nAeda `melodious bardisms modulate through pools of liquor the name of Aed,' Thes. ii 295.17 . condelgdar tresna thri grad `it is compared through the three degrees,' Hib. Min. 445 . atracht iarom trena chotlud, LU 3292 , `he arose then out of his sleep,' SCC² 82 . ionmhuin taidhbhse táinig sonn | aréir trem chodladh chugom, TD 39.2 . íar ndul triit after it has leaked (of a cauldron), Críth G. 549 . comhradh leanb ar luaidheadh thrín `all that we uttered was childish talk' (lit. all that was mentioned among us), Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . re dul thríd in going through it (a book), Donlevy iv 11.

(b) Implying mixture, mingling, etc.: imchomarc co naithisib triit `a question with revilings through it,' Ml. 54c13 . snechta tria shín lūades gáeth `through a snowstorm,' Thes. ii 331.4 . fuair Dia ... | domblas aoi tre fhíon arsuidh, Aithd. D. 98.30 . fuaim a sruth ... | tre ghuth ainglidhe a healtan, TD 13.5 . an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna chéile, TSh. 174 . In phrases corresponding to the Mod. Ir. tré theine on fire: atā trē doiger derg-lasrach donn-ruaide (of a burning wood), ML² 958 . cáer theinntidhe dfaicsin tre lasadh ó mhullach an tighe, ITS xvi 8.28 . fuair a réghlés féin tré choirthir smáil teineadh ┐ tennáil, Ériu v 76.24 .

(c) Personal forms ref. to object of verbs of cutting : co treghdfad in tsleg trithi hī (a pig), Fianaig. 66.12 . gur comraind in imdaig ... trempi co talmain and cut clean through the couch, MR 202.1 . roscris in t-eideth ara druim ┐ rogerr in dilat aluind oraighi trithi cut through the saddle, ZCP vi 70.28 .

(d) 3 s. trít in adverbial phrases. t.¤ sís, anuas, siar throughout: ┐ a n-illradh tríd sís, IGT Decl. § 42.11 . greagh, cert lethan tríd sís as .c. aige, § 45. inann ghabaid [uile] tríd anúas (of nouns declined in same way), § 37 . a lán féinneadh feadh an tighe, | tríd siar `all through the house,' TD 11.17 . t.¤ amach absolutely, completely: aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach `absolute fulness,' Rosa Angl. 40.3 . Note also : ni triit tarsnu toimsideir not diametrically is it measured (the earth), SR 172.

(e) téit tre lit. goes through (of an attack, battle-charge): rachthair thairsiu is tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . docuatarsom foithib ┐ tríthu ┐ tarrsa, D IV 2, 45ra44 . is trithu nach tiaghar, MR 194.15 . violates, breaks (an oath): arna te nech tria lugae, Ml. 36a23 . dul tria aitiri, Críth G. 306 . Cf. nach ccuirfeadh féin ... trīd a mhionnuibh é (sic leg.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 . ? cid fín bárc do-téised treut (treu, treothu, v.ll.), BDD² 740 (see note).

II In temporal senses.

(a) tri rei ciana `for long times,' Ml. 90d14 . condib tria nuile ṁbethaid ón dano ┐ nib cuit ree `that it should be so through their whole life,' Tur. 71 . do toscelad áiss aescai ... tri bliadni incholnigtheo `through the years of the Incarnation,' Thes. ii 41.24 . isintt urtt chetna biae tre cach oena `(thou) shalt continue under the same rule through each fast,' Mon. Tall. 154.3 . tres-in sechtmain-sea throughout this week, PH 461.

(b) In adverbial phrase tre bithu, tre bith sír, etc., for ever, everlastingly: tre bithu, Fél. Mar. 31 . do gress doib, ... tria bithu coa airfitiud, SR 684 . tria bitho, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 52 . tria bitha sír, ZCP viii 108.17 . tre bhiotha síor, TD 15.18 . tria bith sir, PH 1938 . tre bhioth síor, TD 13.39 . tria bithu betha, TBC-LL¹ 2704 . tre saeghul na saegal, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . tré shaoghal na saoghal in saecula saeculorum, TSh. 2052.

III Indicating the medium or attendant circumstances of a communication, action, etc. (in many of the follg. exx. the meaning approximates to that in tre IV infra).

(a) tri insci redi ... duadbat som ... `through speech ...,' Ml. 51c11 . dufornditer ... a ngnimae inna rig sin tri delba ban, 65c16 . tri throp ` figuratively ,' 65b14 . in moltai dogniín se tri bindius ┐ chlais, 136a8 . rosluinter ... tre rangabáil in persan hisin, Sg. 189b2 . doasilbthaer triit som gníim ... do neuch (of the word sui), 209a1 . in tre prois ... roceta int[ṡ]ailim, Hib. Min. 175 . titul do scribend ... tria litrib Ébra, PH 2877 . cennsa ... ┐ 'áilgeni tuicther tres-in snechta is understood by, 3386 . cōic anmand dēc tre blaid mbinn | fil d'anmanaib for Bōïnn, ZCP viii 106.1 . tuic let ... na Tiabanda taetencha i sidh in[a] cathrachaib ... trésna helaib understand by the swans ... the Thebans, TTebe 1233 . coic cetfada ... rotidhnaicedh o Dhia don cinedh doenna ... d'fegad De trompa, Lism. L. 4609 . nolabraidis na ceithri tre glor ndaenda with a human voice, CCath. 886 . adbeart ... trē bhogāssaigh urlapra ┐ trē dhānacht glōir ... go raghadh, Fl. Earls 50.3 . Note also: ata dedi ara scribhtar in tituil tria derg in red ink, Hib. Min. 241.

(b) Introducing the particular language of a communication: trí ilbélre gl. linguis loquens, Wb. 12c34 . co n-epistlib immdaib ... tria Goedeilg, IT i 19.37 . berla na filed, triasa n-agailledar cach dib a chele, RC xiii 269.13 . bennaighes tre n-a thengaid fein doib-sen, KMMisc. 317.12 .

(c) With abstract noun indicating the attendant circumstances of an action: isber Mói[d]ógc tria ocla móir `in great wrath,' BColm. 74.7 . do sloind tre medhair mhileis `told with sweet gladness,' Ériu iv 116.16 . roboi cinniud tria chombáig `a comrades' covènant,' RC iii 183.7 . adeirid cách liom tré rún | go bhfuil ..., TD 22.20 . "cuin do bhí againn t'éara" | cantar uainn tré aithmhéala, DDána 29.25 . do gluais fein tre mire ┐ tre mormenmain ... roime in anger and haughtiness, L. Chl. S. 4.1 . Cf. adeirim ris an saoghal cromadh trésan déirc to resort to almsgiving, TSh. 190.

(d) Introducing the authorisation of an action, the person or thing invoked, etc.: is tri ísu predchimse, Wb. 1d9 . guidmit-ne ... tu-sa ... tré-t miadamla, PH 2599 . soghuidhe an rí tres an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . do bheannaigh[ea]dur damh tresna déibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 779.

IV Instrumental and causal. These two meanings merge into each other, and in O. Ir. particularly many exx. will bear either interpretation (cf. Fraser, ZCP viii 61 f. ).

(a) Instrum. through, by means of: condagaibtis int ais amprom tria nintleda `through their snares,' Ml. 31c6 . adchotadsam triar saithar, 92c5 . amal is trí accomol nildule conterissedar in domon sic imfolangar oínmolad do dia tri chocetal inna nule ṅdule, 145c4 . á híc tria fuil, Wb. 2b11 . ce rudglanta tri bathis, 4a6 . in tan dombeir in dea aithesc tre chomthoud talmaidech, Sg. 162a4 . tre airde ┐ firto, Thes. ii 253.4 . is tre trocuiri ... dotaegar hi cresiniu, Hib. Min. 356 . ro promtha tré martrai, Fél. June 27 . donrat fri saeth tria aslach, SR 1342 . niba hicc deitsiu tre Findio `thou shalt get no cure through Findio,' Mon. Tall. 154.15 . do sarughadh tria firta ┐ mirbaile `overcome by the great signs and miracles,' Laws i 14.19 . tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe (of a pig), Sc.M² 5 . cia ... nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa trias-na mírbulib-sea, PH 4657 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird | ... | triasa fa[g] badais crodh cain `whereby they won goodly treasure,' Ériu iv 174 § 9 . co findud slondud trit beos `he discovers the name by this means,' Laws i 44.1 Comm. braighde Ēirenn ... | gabhais tre rīghe is tre nert, ZCP viii 108.22 . foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi ... E. do bith i sith B.L., IT i 129.22 . do fhionnfuinn thríd do threisi `I should learn thy strength by it,' Ériu ix 165 § 25 . dá raibhe ní sa mheasa ... dheallruigheas tréna ghné specie sui, TSh. 8343 . Cf. rohicait a crecha ris dona buaib tremi⃛ ar harced he in the matter of which he had been plundered, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

(b) Causal on account of, by reason of (frequent with follg. vn.): combad mou de la dia a serc tri epert dosom adruthreb side indib, Ml. 92c4 . amal dundechutar doinmecha dunni triar pecthu, 111c14 . is tria hiris rambái cach maith, Wb. 2c13 . is hed dotheít de tre ilar na ndáne i nilur na persan `through the multitude of the gifts in the multitude of the persons,' 22a11 . tre thesbaid naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5a5 . cid tre étged rop othar, Críth G. 61 . tré chin drochmna, IT i 75.6 . co n-éigit na haingil co sérb ... tria mar dho-míllset na dáine in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu, PH 7431 . tresna ceōlaib sein ar sein | do creit Grigair in Comdid, ZCP viii 114.18 . is treothu na mortlaidi (faults of a prince), ACL iii 315 § 36 . do chogadh tre chloinn nUisnigh `to avenge,' Aithd. D. 6.31 . tre bheith do shluagh flatha Fáil | re luadh gcatha, TD 4.37 . is glór tré dhlús dighe soin `they (i.e. words) are inspired by hard drinking,' Content. xxv 4 . ba cara do-sam cech oen dib trena athair ┐ tremit fein on his father's account and on his own, Ann. Conn. 1225.6 . adubairt go crochfadh a muinntir uili tre bas in dithrebaig, Maund. 128 . is í cúis uma dtáinig Partholón ... tré mar do mharbh sé a athair `because he had slain his father,' Keat. i 160.74 . na sagairt ghlacas leagáid ... tre ghuidhe orra in return for, on condition of , TSh. 4513 . tángadar teachta ó rígh Laighean ... do thairgsin séad ┐ maoine dhóibh ... ó Laighnibh tré thilleadh don Mhumain tar a n-ais `if they returned,' Keat. iii 3146 . In phrase trít sin therefore: as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC xviii 268.24 . tríd sin, Keat. ii 654 . treimit sin, Fen. 302.15 . tremit-side, Ann. Conn. 1284.2 . do-icc tre is brought about by, is due to: is triuib tháníc cech n-olc, TTr.² 1766 . na huilc-si do thecht trit, PH 7792 . nó go ndéanann mo chlí cionnta | ní fhéaghann sí a dtiocfa tríd, Dán Dé x 5 . is tromhat táinic lot ... mu ríghisea, SG 69.34 .

In compds. tremi-, tris- with vbs., tre- with nouns and adjj. (often as intensive prefix), see separate articles.

trí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trí or dil.ie/41872
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tri, trí, tre, tri, tri, trí, trí, tri, tri, trib, teoir, teora, teora, teoraib, teoraib, tri, trí, teora, teora, teora, trí, trib, i trí, teóra, trí

num. adj. three . Usually spelt tri in the O. Ir. Glosses, but trí when absolute (see GOI § 386 ). Archaic tre (Camb., etc.). Like does not prevent nasalisation of a following noun after pl. poss.: a tri nglantae their three cleanings, Corm. Bodl. 38.13 . See Ériu xi 148.9 .

I Attributive uses.

(a) Inflexion in O. Ir. Masc. nom. tri tuisil, Sg. 148b8 . tri tuimthea, Thes. i 495.5 . trí mís deacc, ii 33.18 . trí séoit, Críth G. 119 . acc. tri fichtea bliadne `for three score years,' Thes. ii 238.17 . na tri turcu, 293.4 . tri maccu, 303.2 . gen. delb tri tuisel, Sg. 148b8 . athair trī cethrur, Thes. ii 300.7 . Archaic: rath tre gním[e], Bürgschaft 28 § 76 a . dat. dia trib nōnbaruib, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88.8 ). trib asaib, Críth G. 75 . co trib hettib, SR 2132 . Fem. nom. inna teoir ranna sa, Sg. 26b13 . teüir oenaidchi, Thes. ii 291.6 . teuir cleithna, 292.12 . teoir baí (teora, v.l.), Críth G. 383 . teoir fodlai, 446 . teor buidne, ACL iii 18.23 = téora buidne, Trip.² 769 . teor (leg. teora ?) menadcha, Mon. Tall. 158.1 . na teora persana, Wb. 9c30 . teora tonna, 27a14 . teora huara, Ml. 95d8 . teora cethramdin huare, BCr. 25c1 . teora bliadni, 32b6 . na teora litre so, Sg. 10a12 . teora greca, 148b12 . teora cnoe, Thes. ii 249.7 . teora mucca, 250.15 . ? teōra ingne, ACL iii 297 § 48. acc. teora lethindli, Thes. ii 239 6 . hi teora bríathra, Críth G. 40 . teora biadi, Mon. Tall. 129.8 . tar teora sealba, Laws iv 136.19 . teor (leg. teora ?) erca, ZCP iii 46 § 34. gen. inna teora liter, Sg. 7b9 . inna teora ṅguttae, 40b8 . rí teora túath, Críth G. 459 . dat. donaib teoraib personaib, Sg. 186a2 . dinaib teoraib trebaibsea, BDD² 108 . Neut. nom. and acc. (leniting): tri anman, Wb. 12a6 , 16a18 . inna tri anman hisiu, Ml. 121c16 . tri gné, BCr. 33a8 . na tri noiláithe, Sg. 116b1 . tri lida `three Lida,' Thes. ii 34.32 . ni cen tri chet `not without three hundred,' 291.12 . tresna thri grad, Hib. Min. 446 . trí thráth, Sc.M² 12 . Archaic: tre chenélae, Thes. ii 246.27 (Camb.). tre chenéle, 247.21 . tre chenél, 247.16 . ? tre blaī, ZCP xi 93 § 28. na trē nói n-ithe `the thrice nine eatings,' MacCongl. 75.18 . trē fretiuch, ZCP iii 453.23 . Hence leniting in Mod. Ir. when folld. by sg. noun: na trí chonnsuine dhég, IGT Introd. 1.14 . See § 18 . Note also: na tri druïd, Blathm. 63 . na trí maccáin maith-sin, Fél. Aug. 2 . na tri recte, Wb. 29a16 . See ITS Sub. xxvii § 6.2.

(b) In Mid. and Mod. Ir. trí and teora are used irrespective of gender. teora with neut.: teora búada, BDD² 115 . téora anmi, LU 3256 . teora thráth, DDána 30.19 . Less frequ. with masc.: teora catha, CRR 38.11 . trí with fem. : co trib delbaib, SR 4276 . tri leca, LU 2053 . Confusion is common in the phrase trí lá ┐ teora aidchi (correctly Sc.M² 4 , ACL iii 5.21 , ZCP xiv 356.3 , etc.): co cend teora laa ┐ t[e]ora [n]-aidche, TBC-LL¹ 2494 . seoladh teora lá ┐ teora aidhche, Ériu iii 158 § 12 . udi tri lá ┐ tri n-aidche, LU 8137 ( FB 10 ). ri hed na tri láá ┐ na trí n-aidche, TBC-LL¹ 2506.

(c) In Mod. Ir. the usual form passim is trí: na trí báis úd, TSh. 984 . trí sleagha, PBocht 20.10 . lá seanaidh na dtrí dteaghlach, 25.34 . See end of (a) supra.

(d) In compd. numerals: trí traigid .x. thirteen feet, Críth G. 103 . luid tri firu déc he went with thirteen men, BColm. 66.13 . Multiplying follg. num.: an oen ar fichit it tri secht són, Ml. 2d2 . tír trí .vii. cumal, Críth G. 172 . tri fichit fer, Thes. ii 242.2 . co trib cétaib, SR 6454 . na tri coicait duan, p. 114 (prose). do trib cethorchait aidchi `thrice forty nights,' Mon. Tall. 136.7 . trī chét bliadan, Sc.M² 5 . dochumlaisom ass ... tríb nónbaraib, TBFr. 367 . trī chōic bliadna , Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 30.

II Absolute uses.

(a) With prec. a: óin a ssessed dáu a trian a trí a lleth á sé `three its half,' Thes. ii 31.27 . a tri dib three of them, Hib. Min. 248 . bíit a trí ocá díunuch, Críth G. 309 . da fhiadain no a tri indruca, PH 3375 . dá uair nó a thrí, DDána 82.25 . húaire dofoxla ilgíallu, a dáu no a trí nó [a] cethair, Críth G. 460 . cis lir congellait for treisi? ... a tri, Laws i 230.4 . ca meid caithe fil a comicheas ?—a teora, iv 138.22 . With follg. rel. clause: ataat dano a tri aili todacrat do ríg, Críth G. 527 . aatat a tri noda icat, Laws i 50.28 .

(b) In adverbial phrases. (co) fo thrí thrice: fomlámas bádud fo thrí, Wb. 17d4 . fu thrí, Thes. ii 242.15 . co fo thrí, Críth G. 292 . fo thrí, SR 7723 . co fá thrí, LU 10767 . co bo thrí, RC viii 60.3 . i trí in three: co mmebaid hi trí, Thes. ii 346.5 . in lá do raind i trí, TBC-LL¹ 869.

III As substantive.

(a) is lour da preceptoir i n-aeclis no thríi, Wb. 13a9 . arna trí remeperthise, Ml. 65a11 (attrib. ?). a noi frisna tri `nine in addition to the three,' Sg. 197b6 . ní gnáth chomsuidigud i n-ainmnidib pronomen acht inna trí dombeir som, 201a5 .

(b) teóra as masc. noun folld. by gen. triad. IGT Decl. § 2 (39.27) . a chú ara tád teóra búadh, ex. 792 . cia don teora crann-sa an chroch, Dán Dé iii 27 . teóra ceardcha, Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 4 . Cf. teora póc, CRR 12.15 .

(c) trí m. the three at dice , IGT Decl. § 108 (?), § 112 .

In compds. tri— (see tréimse), trí— (Mod. See trí—aon), tre-, tré—, see separate articles. Note also tregort crann, trecrann cú, trecú marc, etc., ZCP v 184.y - z 0 .

tulchubae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tulchubae or dil.ie/42454
Last Revised: 2019

 

n io (1 tul + cube <Lat. cūpa, Stokes Ériu ii 14 . Cf. cuif, cuife).

(a) a large vessel for holding wine, vat: ind telchubi gl. cadi, Sg. 180a1 . is cumma lemm bid i taulchubu fhína no beth mo chend lasin [n]gáeth dotháet tairsiu, TBFr. 48 . beir dam co tinni dó ┐ taulchuma fína, LU 5553 = TBC-I¹ 1072 . .vii. taulchubi de fín and, LU 11045 . ochtach (sc. cidh dombeir [i] nairechus hi ?), a bi[th] a tulc[hub]a `pine ? its being in the puncheon,' Laws iv 150.4 Comm. intreb tige .i. tulchuba ┐ eana ┐ dromlacha, v 392.12 Comm. a se nemid (?) coairt damtinde tulcuma do righ molt miach muilenn do couirt (sic leg. ?), O'D. 2209 ( Nero A vii, 144b ). daucha ocus tulchupha, Anecd. ii 58.16 . gabais Fīachra in tulchoba fína, ZCP viii 304.34 . Cf. Ériu iv 110.4 . tucad telcoma lan d'fhin otha tire Franc, Lism. L. 4408 . bádudh M. ... i telchuma fhína, RC xvii 132.20 =in dolio, AU i 44.21 .

(b) cup, goblet, bowl: crater .i. tailchube, Sg. 95b5 . cuif .i. tulc[h]uba, Corm. Y 374 . creitir .i. sīthal nō ardig nō tulchuba, 392 . gretiur .i. a cratera .i. ō thulchoba, O'Mulc. 648 . crether (criathar, v.l.) .i. airdhech no tulchuba, O'Dav. 353. cuipe co fín .i. amal tulcuma fína, ZCP iii 222.27 . in dabach ┐ in t-easgra ┐ in tulchoma, O'D. 2310 ( Rawl. B 506, 31b ). amail an tilcoma ... rodibraic P. ... aran laechraid ... ar bansib P. `goblet,' TTebe 943 . Cf. tulchabha briathar `a bowlful of words' (heading of a list of kennings), O'Gr. Cat. 90.37 (cf. 1 tulach II (d)).