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1 ara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ara or dil.ie/3913

 

Forms: ar

conj., nasalising, folld. by subj. See GOI § 898 . Reduced to ar before the neg. ná, before forms of the copula (often as air, see GOI § 803 ), before inf. pron. ( Wb. 12a3 ) and in the later ar co; note also a rnacathar, Ml. 68b9 .

(a) As final conj. that, in order that . Translating Lat. ut, ne with subjunctive: arimp do mórad dǽ uile gl. ut gratia . . . abundet in gloriam Dei, Wb. 15c4 . arinchomalnathar cach ṅgrád gl. ut . . . ornent in omnibus, 31c14 . arimpfollus gl. ut . . . euidens fiat, 32a2 . arna derlind gl. ne fratrem meum scandalizem, 10c14 . arna foircnea for crabud and gl. ne ab inuicem consummemini, 20b13 . arna ecmailtigetar gl. né insolescant, Ml. 27c6 .

Continuing the sense of a Latin ipv.: arnachitrindarpither frisin fírini per superbiam gl. noli altum sapere sed time, Wb. 5b33 . armbat irlithiu dé domini mandatís dei gl. serui obaedite dominís carnalibus, 22d2 . arnap éicen a ngóire in æclis gl. . . . non grauetur aeclesia, 29a10 .

In order that, so that in general: gigestesi dia linn arafulsam ar fochidi in order that we may bear, Wb. 14c2a . is dobar tinchosc ara-ndernaid a n-do-gniam, 16a24 . arnaroib na eícmailt i n-ellug inna æcaillse, 22c20 . arna farcabtis cen forcitlaid that they might have a teacher, 31d13 . arna roib cummasc foir to avoid confusion, Sg. 2a8 . mo chorp rop sigith sóethrach / arnādrīs iffernn, Thes. ii 353.5 (Hy. vi). a mesrugud . . . arnara fochund galir. Mon. Tall. 152.11 (§ 63) . dénaid oenbuidin . . . arnachab-accastar as tír, BDD² 435 . a sith do denam ar comad tresiti iad, Ériu viii 174.35 . ar gomadh tormach neirt don aird-ri, BNnÉ 321.y .

With as-beir (fri) introducing commands, injunctions, etc.: is hed asbeirsom híc aratartar airmitiu féid donaib preceptorib he here commands that honour be given, Wb. 15a19 . asber . . . arandathidisom di maith, 21d11 . asrubart dia friu som aracelebartis a sollumnu God has directed them to celebrate His feasts, Ml. 102d3 . asbeirsom frisnatorus arndacumcabat he commands the gates to be lifted up, 46a12 . abbair fri F. arim remḟissid arad sencharpait tell F. that he should be a foreseeing driver of an old chariot, ZCP xi 83 § 27 . asbert . . . ara scortís a cairptiu ┐ ara cuirtis cor . . ., LU 10577 . ráid friss arco tí coragba mo chor, LL 12690 (TBC).

With other verbs: focairther ō Dil arnā rogonta nech ann dona Déisib, Ériu iii 140.188 . dlegar . . . ar a mbe fer uaidib they must appoint a man, Laws iv 172.13 . aílit na naeimh anti Ruadhan . . . ar co tairsiudh co cutrama friu, BNnÉ 321 § 23 . ro fholāir in mhīchinneamain fuirre ar go ffessadh `misfortune drove her to find out', Fl. Earls 34.14 . Cf. tria itche Patraic forsin Coimdid arco tísed a trocaire forru, RC xii 428 § 17 .

After adjj. of suitability, desirability, etc.: is tacair arndip samlaid do chách, Wb. 22c11 . ised as maith la dia airimp etc., Ml. 130b8 . issed as cóir . . . arnachadfercaigthersu `that thou shouldst not be angry', Mon. Tall. 142.7 (§ 37) . as maith laisim . . . ariondgella (sic leg.) ┐ arindbó, 134.18 . Similarly: signum són araroib saingné fornaib gnímaib, Wb. 5a5 . After clause introduced by amal: amal fongní cach ball dialailiu . . . arafogna . . ., Wb. 12a12 . amal ata cáinchumracig side armba . . ., 30b23 .

Introducing wishes, recommendations, etc.: sechihed ríi a less arintaibrid di, Wb. 7b3 . airndib múcnae ┐ airndib ecmailt á n-étach . . . innaní prithchite . . . ┐ condib trianuile ṁbethaid gl. uestis profetae . . . indicat austeram uitam praedicantium, Tur. 71 . arinfestar cach dune may it be known to all, LU 3509 ( SCC 27 ). cach ōen comaldathar in cāin si . . . arim sírsaegul . . . ┐ arop airmitnech fēith, Cáin Ad. 30 . arnā ecmonga ait[h]ber fearga for ar n-aimiris may our lack of faith be not sternly punished, Ériu ii 122 § 62 .

(b) As explicative conj.: connách moidea nech arbed áarilliud nod nícad so that no one may boast that it was his merit that saved him, Wb. 2b4 (see note in Thes.). ní torménmar ni ara mbetis in gnimai sin `we had not expected that those deeds should be', Ml. 115b1 . dorochóinset arndabeth intairisem hirobatar riam they despaired of having, 131c9 . ? airm i fuirsitis in torcc arimbad and furruimtis a praintech, Thes. ii 242.4 (Ardm.). ní fitir ara mbeth and he knew not that it was there, Trip.² 1428 . cia beith ara rogba bóairechas riasíu ropo chúairddulchach though he undertake, Críth G. 67 . ni fetathar ar mad rí nad bi ecnaid no one can be a king who is not wise, Anecd. v 2.4 ( Alex. 822 ).

augtartás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. augtartás or dil.ie/4993

 

Forms: augtardás

n o, m. (Lat. auctoritas). Later also augtardás, -rrás (augtarda). authority, prescriptive right, authoritative source: augtortas apstalachte inso, Wb. 14b2 . ní im augtortás féin ramídar gl. in nomine Domini nostri, 9b5 . auctartas, Mon. Tall. 157.14 (§ 73) . is disiu rogabsat Bret[hain] augtardas ┐ Gōidil (of the origin of the tonsure), O'Mulc. 726 . éolaigh ┐ [lucht] úghdairrais (ughdartais, auchtarais v.ll.), CCath. 296 . in tráth rochula (sic) in popal in n-augtartas-sain, LL 229b42 (`that opinion', TTr. 931 ). is e augtartas (auctarthas v.l.) filidechta na ṅGóedel origin(?), IT iii 31.9 . ar cach augtarras dogni som is misi no scribad uad . . . he authoritative utterance, YBL 165b39 . inandus célli ┐ fírinde n-augtarrais, LB 232b35 . a n-úghdarás do chum smachtaighthe, Desid. 1988 . úghdardhás do thabhairt do thuata, 3733 . atá ughdarrás ag gach nós díobh so, TSh. 5294 . a h-ughdarrás an phrionnsa, AFM vi 1912.10 . na minighthe ┐ na hughdurais bheca tucus duit citing of authorities(?), Smaointe B. Chr. 6033 . Ref. to specific authorities, books: ind esergi dianid ainm isind a.¤ prestrigia, LU 2703 . is ic a aisneis-sin atberair isin augtortas, PH 4003 . isin augtarrás, 6965 . ni phfilet do reir inn ugdardais, Auraic. 3379 .

Authorship: cid ara curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid? (of Psalms), Hib. Min. 4.128 .

bráthair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bráthair or dil.ie/6585
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bráithre, bráthar, bráthre, brāthri

n r, m. Later with n p. bráithre, g p. bráthar, and k-infl. in pl. See GOI 214 - 215 , Stokes on g p. form bráthre, KZ xxxviii 461. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 32.

(a) brother: brathair . . . quasi fratair ar frater rotruaillned ind. Frater quasi frauter eo quod fraudat ter .i. patrem et matrem et fratrem , Thr. Ir. Gl. 6 , Corm. Y 111. b.¤ gl. frater, Ir. Gl. 1047. In O. Ir. gl. frater and used in both a lit. and transferred sense, see meaning (c). In later language in lit. sense (a male being related to others as child of same parents) replaced by derbráthair q.v. Cf. brathair glossed dearbhráthair, Laws iv 240.6 , 16 ; 258.8 , 12 . ingen et athir siur et brathir, Wb. 10b4 . frater brathir . . . is brathir deit iar colinn et in fide domini , 32a15 . far mbráthir fadisin, 4c40 . Timotheus et bráthir in hiris gl. T. frater, 14b4 . lasin brathir gl. fratrem meum, 10c13 . don bráthir hiressach, 10c1 . nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . ainm bráthre gl. fratres, 7d8 . ua mbraithrib gl. a fratribus suis, 34a6 . fria mbraithrea `to their brethren', Ml. 100c26 . da brathir iudas ┐ ionathan gl. Ionathan fratrem, 75d4 . a brathir `his brothers', Tur. 128. amnair b.¤ máthar gl. auunculus, Sg. 61a21 . ingen bráthar gl. neptis, 67b4 . macc bráthar athar gl. patrui patruelis, 56a2 . bráthir athar gl. patruus, 1 . bás bráthar Iohannis (sc. Iacob), Fél. July 25 . amal sóersai Ióséph / de lámaib a bráthre (: ma(i)thre; brathar: mathar, v.l.), Ep. 528. fognífi do síl do sílaib do bráthar = . . . seminibus fratrum, Trip.² 740. ingen fria brathair (one of the relationships between couples in Cáin Lánamnae), Laws ii 344.3 . tellach brathar for araile itir cotta (one of seven `entries' for which no díre is paid), v 206.5 . mandras arma / brathar athar (rhet.), LL 35337 = athar athar, Fing. R. 467. is si ba hara dia brathair (Deichtine), LU 10564. a brāthri (n p.), ZCP viii 304.z . dia braithir, RC xxiv 176.12 . roind Conoill ┐ a bhrāithriuch and of his brothers, ZCP xiv 246.3 . Domnall a fradhir, , AI 356 (s.a. 1253.2) . mar aon ré dá bhráthair a mháthar, Keat. ii 5523. Fig. bladh Tuathail bhíos gan bh.¤ `is without an equal', RC xlix 174 § 38.

(b) kinsman, cousin; fellow-member of the same kindred-group (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 138 ), oft. translated ` tribes- man' in Laws. Opposed to derbráthair: la hua brathar a athar .i. la hiarmo der[b]rathar a shenathar the grandson of his father's cousin i.e. the great-grandson of his grand-father's brother, Auraic. 118. na .u. braithri . . . sech macu a braithri (on distribution of a woman's estate in the gelḟine) `kinsmen', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.19 . finnatar . . . brathir scéo mbroga (rhet.), LU 3476 `kinsman and lands', SCC² 373 (? leg. bráthirsi mroga, Binchy, note). ro-n-ain Moedoc mainech / ar is brathair bagach `kinsman', Fél.² Apr. 11. Loith .i. brathuir Abraam `A.'s first cousin', Maund. 55. is brathair focus dam-sa he `a cousin of mine', Grail 2455 . ar id b.¤ (braithre, v.ll.) a n-urraid dib línaib `their freemen on both sides are akin', Leb. Cert.² 804. a braithri budein . . . `kinsmen', Ann. Conn. 1238.3 . braithricha, 1289.6 . dochum a braithrich, 1248.5 . d'fhios a bhráithreach, Keat. ii 638.

(c) brother, member of a religious community: in b.¤ (brathir, v.l.) `the brothers', Ériu iii 100 § 24. Rí na mb.¤ mbocht `Lord of friars', Dán Dé iv 14 . brathair minur `a Friar Minor', Ann. Conn. 1244.11 . esaonta . . . eittir braithribh Dúin na nGall ┐ na manaigh `the friars ', AFM vi 2046.5 . bráithre . . . Oird San-Froinsiais ` Franciscans ', Donlevy xxi 21. bráithre túata = lay Brothers, RSClára 89a .

(d) Gramm. word of similar declension: a mbráithri .fer. (bráithreagha .fer. comha, v.l.) masculine words similarly declined, IGT Decl. § 2 (39.1) . b.¤ dísbegaid masculine diminutive: b.¤ dísbeagaidh cnoc no cnocán, slat no slatán, no a leithéid eile, IGT Introd. § 114 (27.33) . See immarbág, imdugud, siur.

Compds. dochum a brātharfinne, BColm. 84.11 . bráthar-marbthach gl. fratricida, Ir. Gl. 319.

callann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. callann or dil.ie/8064

 

Forms: cailne, caille, calann, c., callainn

n ā, f. (Lat. kalendae) g s. cailne, caille. Also calann. d s. c.¤ (? leg. callainn), Atlantis iv 136.7 .

(a) calends, first day of month : caillné gl. calende, Ir. Gl. 336 . ? dliged rimae oc airli (?)kalne gl. kalendario, Sg. 181a8 . réim calne a series of calends, Fél. Prol. 306 . dá sé cáin calland, 324 . cen kalne, cen nona, cen idu ic Grecaib ┐ ic Egeptacdaib, Fél.² cxli 14 . Of person: is e in kalaind mís (of Moling), LL 305b27 ( SG 383.10 .) With names of particular months: i callaind enair, Fél. 1 Jan. calann Enair for Luan, Ann. Conn. 1224.1 . callainn mhái .i. aimser mhédaighthi in popail, Ériu xiii 68 § 91 . hi kallaind Auguist, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 312.20 ). Cf. gairthear Lúghnasadh do'n cheud lá do challain August, Keat. i 220.22 . Of seasons: a calainn geimrigh, ZCP x 51.33 .

Of New Year's Day: ón challaind co alaili `from one New Year's Day to another', Fél. Prol. 325 . ó challainn co hinit, Críth G. 335 . 384 . 400 . ? ael ┐ losat co calind riu, O'Curry 876 ( H 3.18, 393a ). itir challaind ┐ ined, O'Dav. 983 . caileann bliadhna cain comracach, Abbott-Gwynn 55.9 . bliadain bith-lan on callainn go cheile, BNnÉ 231 § 143 . lá Féile Coille New Year's Day, Eochairsg. 16.1 .

(b) In dating, following Latin model: príd kalde gl. pridie . . . kalendas, Sg. 220a1 . ó ocht calne apréile `the eighth day before the Kalends of April', Ériu iii 104 § 39 . i teirt cailne Mai miadaig, LL 17464 . in cindecim calne iūil (i.e. 17th June), BColm. 4.6 . an treas lá ccalluinn Dhesember `tertio Kalendas Decembris', Rial. S.F. 1592 . In explanations of Latin calendar: fétar callanna . . . an gach uile mí . . . d'faghbail dá curtar an cét calland annsa cét lá do'n mí, O'Gr. Cat. 297.3 . andsa mísi atá callanda na mísa cugad, 6. mí Ianuair etc. . . . nái kalanna dég innta . . . mí Mhart etc. . . . secht kalanna dég, 252.3 - 14 .

(c) annal, entry for a year (from use of Kl- at beginning of entries in annals): gach neach légfus . . . an challuinn siu `this year', AU iii 574.7 . is lomm inmembrum na cailne hísiu, ZCP viii 175.21 . léigim na secht kallanda sin seacham these seven years, TFrag. 6.12 . Also date of year: c.¤ anno domini sé bliadhna seachtmhoghad ar naoi gcéad, Ériu i 78.1 .

coimdiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimdiu or dil.ie/10173

 

Forms: coimdhe, coimdid

n t, m. (con-midethar, cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 102 ). coimdhe (acht gan illrad aigi) m., IGT Decl. § 21 . n s. coimdid, PH 1162 . 1567 . lord, master : nirbu ch.¤ imurgu gl. tamquam famulus, Wb. 33a5 . coimdid .i. assirii gl. domini , Ml. 34a11 . la tuistidi ┐ choimdeda ref. to dominorum, 99b5 . cosc inna-coimded inso arnápforóil acumachte foramogaib, Wb. 27c16 . file chóimmdith leiss, Sg. 29b13 . toil far coimded, Wb. 27c9 . gill a coimded dar a cenn, Laws v 378.4 . glenadh c.¤ a choimdidh, Ériu xiii 20.9 . bá mór coimdhe / Columb Cille, ZCP viii 198.2 . cóimhdhe uim cheathraibh `lord most rich in cattle', Ó Bruad. i 146.11 .

In religious contexts the Lord (later usually in this sense only): ar c.¤ Ísu, Wb. 9d3 . amuch. gl. Domine, Ml. 106c11 . is inchoimded int huile talam = Domini est terra, 45d8 . fo bíth in Choimdeth, Vita Br. 23 . nomchoimmdiu cóima `may the Lord protect me', Thes. ii 290.11 . a flaith comde cain, Ériu i 122.34 ( Coimded, Murphy Lyrics 20.16 ). rítheagh geal Coimdhe gan cheo (: dhoirche), Aithd. D. 62.18 . Cf. coimdhe .i. caoimh Dhía, O'Cl. coimdhe ye trinity, Eg. Gl. 196 .

In n. pr. Gilla in Chomded hua Cormaic, LL 17726 .

col

Cite this: eDIL s.v. col or dil.ie/10473
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, n. (see Ml. 91a21 below). m. IGT Decl. § 67 .

(a) infringement, violation; wrong, sin : in chuil gl. piaculi, Ml. 16c1 . cen ch.¤ fair gl. expers mali, 93d1 . forsna mmórch. gl. tantorum scelerum, 91a21 . inna c.¤ (g p.), Thes. i 714.10 . cuimrech an coimdeth ba c.¤ , Blathm. 122 . c.¤ a nomine caligo , Corm. Y 349 . O'Curry 143 ( H 3.18, 80 ). ar c[h]ul no aimleas `for sin or hurt', Ériu xii 170.4 (TÉ). manab duinoirguin no nac cul coicle .i. . . . ni bes col no bes cloen .i. fell no eithech . . ., O'Curry 638 ( H 3.18, 307 ). do choluib clercechta clerical sins, Ériu ii 228.9 . o'tconncatar . . . éccraibdige D. ┐ a chula hile, PH 967 . c.¤ .i. a colpa, non culpa apud ueteres , O'Mulc. 232 . a haithli in chuil doronni .i. duni d'ithi, TTebe 3412 . scris ar culu ┐ ar corbaid, LB 74b8 . c.¤ sídh violation of, Aithd. D. 84.17 . claonadh mo [chuil] (cail, MS.) fan umhla `let my sins yield to humility', PBocht 12.32 .

In phrr. is c.¤ do it is unlawful for; ní c.¤ do X. X is entitled to, it is lawful for X: is c.¤ dúin, Fél. Ep. 98 . is ch.¤ do cach ḟir d'Eoganacht goinfes fer do C[h]recrugu, ZCP viii 309.22 . ní c.¤ dó cid less ar mbéo et ar mmarb gl. siue ergo uiuimus, siue morimur, Domini sumus, Wb. 6b20 (i.e. dead or alive we belong to Him). comtangad cách forcital crist ar ni c.¤ do attá a deolid iar cúul caích `it is no fault of His that His grace is behind everyone', 31c15 (`non nefas, vel immeritum, si', Sarauw, n.). asbertadar fris nārbo ch.¤ dō, ar doradsad mōr do maith dō fora lonnges (Medb and Ailill urging Fergus to enter the battle against the Ulaid), TBC-I¹ 3542 .

(b) In particular, incest : eter fer is mnái ba c.¤ , SR 6711 . luid ina gnáis, ciarbo ch.¤, / don tsiair, Metr. Dinds. iii 44.73 . Ioruath mar do aontuigh ch.¤ / lé chéile is bean a bhráthar, Dán Dé xi 23 .

Hence (c) degree of kinship as impediment to marriage : ni bhi c.¤ fria seitic doib, acht siur nó mathair, Marco P. 27 . Cf. 39 . foigsi an chuil the nearness of the relationship, Mac Aingil 3004 .

By extension (d) guilt, blame(?): cech olc dogní in tuath / . . . / ort a ch.¤ sech cach, LL 18962 . In an imprecation: fair a ch.¤ ┐ a dhuabhais, SG 242.24 . (olc) ort do chlé ┐ do ch.¤ duabais, RC xxix 132 § 45 . 146 § 70 .

Attrib. g s sinful, wicked; forbidden by laws of consanguin- ity: cen chuibdi clethi no cuil secret or sinful union, SR 2399 . ben chuil ` concubine ', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . an corp cuil, Dán Dé xxii 27 . céile chuil `forbidden spouse', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 14 . fear cuil `kinsman', Donlevy 94.17 . g p. ba gnimh c.¤ , Blathm. 47 .

Predic. g s. is cuil a nda-radais dam, bid ingen nos-bér (i.e. you have given me the wrong remedy. She wanted a son), BDD² 68 . cuil .i. olc no toirmisgthe, O'Cl. , citing this ex. ? do damnaid na coladh, ACL iii 241 § 15 (: comall).

Compds. ? bid docht huas colblai cuind, IT iii 17 § 44 (chorplæ, v.l.). Cf. ceithre colcluiche `guilty games' (because of danger involved), Celtica viii 150.3 , 151 . dā cholcomhardha nār clais `two sinful tokens(?) in our choir', Ériu xviii 64 § 28 .

cosc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosc or dil.ie/12582
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: coisg, cosg, casg, choisge

o, n. vn. of con-secha. n s. coisg (leg. cosg?), Content. xxiv 20 . cosg casg m., IGT Decl. § 96 . Verbs § 75 . g s. choisge, IGT Decl. ex. 1216 .

(a) act of reproving, admonishing, correcting; reproof, correction. Also in sense of physically punishing, chastising; punishment, chastisement (see Bergin, Ériu xvii 1 - 3 ): c.¤ a coasc, Corm. Y 255 . cusc .i. tecosc, Lec. Gl. 58 . coscc tegusg tenn, Metr. Gl. D. 33 . c.¤ .i. tegosc, Lec. Gl. 31 . O'Cl. cotob sechfider dichosscc gl. in uirga ueniam ad uos, Wb. 9a23 (see Ériu xvii 1 - 3 , Stud. Celt. ii 91 ). diar c.¤-ni gl. ad correptionem nostram, 11a31 . doch.¤ cáich gl. quid igitur lex? Propter transgressiones possita est, 19c9 . isc.¤ et cuindrech forcechtarde gl. quanto tempore heres paruulus est, nihil defert a seruo, 19c21 . c.¤ innamban, 22c10 . na bad naimtide ac.¤ gl. nolite quasi inimicum existimare, 26b28 . trech.¤ conacarbi cenchinta gl. nolite ad indignationem prouocare filios, 27c6 (see Ériu xvii 2 ). c.¤ innacoimded gl. domini, quos iustum est . . . seruis praestáte, 27c16 . c.¤ innammoge inso sis gl. serui . . . arbitrentur, 29b1 . tre ch.¤ , 31c4 . ní dodígail forfírianu . . . acht is doch.¤ cintach gl. iusto non est lex possita sed iniustis, 28a3 . nád deni ní arach. gl. delinquit, 31d12 . ? dumchoscaibse gl. meis nutibus, Ml. 41d11 ( duinchoscaibse, ( Thes. i 113 n. b) MS. ? Leg. du-m-inchoscaib-se, Celtica xix 178 ). honch. gl. correptione, 51b17 . honaib coscaib innangalar gl. moderatís castigationibus, 111b26 `by the chastisements consisting of the diseases', Ériu xvii 2 . See also Wb. 5a16 , 9a19 , 20d6 , Ml. 111c3 . dognith do tromch.¤ `who was severely chastised', Blathm. 48 and n. cena c.¤ `without correcting himself', Mon. Tall. 128.3 . mo ch.¤ do cach óen / scarad fri peccad advice, LU 9480 . gearait (.i. eolach) do c.¤ (.i. tegusc) fand (.i. aineolach), ZCP v 486 § 6 (B. na f.). do ghene a cc.¤ `he punished them', Blathm. 96 § 21 . oc c.¤ inna mban, LU 8422 ( FB 29 ). bat cumnech coisc ót senaib, 3491 ( SCC 26 ). cuin as tūalaing coisc ala n-aile? `capable of correcting others', Celtica viii 68.91 ( ZCP iii 451.26 ). ní cara cách cosg a baise, H 3.18, 36.13 . olc in c.¤ cinad `the wicked advice', Ériu iii 148 § 2 . meic cen casc, Lism. L. 4664 . gabhaim do chosg ar mo chuing `I take on myself to punish you', Content. xxvii 11 . c.¤ lobair .i. elenn for in fid in ogaim `corrective of a sick man', Auraic. 5660 (medicine?).

(b) act of hindering, preventing; staunching (of wounds), etc.; remedy, cure : do ch.¤ na fola, Metr. Dinds. iii 344.77 . c.¤ fogla, Cog. 54.9 . dobéraimne robhar ítadh . . . nemfhogbail dige día cusc doib to quench it (i.e. thirst), RC xii 90 § 111 (see deoch coisc below). do chosg bróin `thy sorrow's cure' (of son), Bard. P. 36.§ 8 . ó Mhuire tuccadh a coscc / rop slán cech rosc [i]ma téit `healing', Moling 37 . cosg fiabhrasa `cure of fever', Bard. P. 25.12 . forfhemdhetar a ch.¤ oc bendachtain, LB 123a4 . As legal remedy : ar ni inun cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ leth[ṡ]air 'for the remedy for noble and base and half-noble is not the same', Mar. Dis. 30 § 7 . Some exx. for attrib. g s. belong here; see below.

(c) Attrib. g s.: bean for a fuirmither ainim coisc blemish caused by (physical) punishment, Laws v 292.21 .i. ac a c.¤ co indligthech (i.e. by her husband), 294.18 Comm. cáin chuisc 'the rule of healing', Mar. Dis. 69 (cf. Bechbretha 52 § 6 ). bid crann cuisc Temra a rod to rule T., Lism. L. 2809 . riagail na dighe cuisg 'the rule of the healing drink', Mar. Dis. 69 (cf. Bechbretha 52 § 6b ). gabail cuisc do fer freptha fris imbi c.¤ , Laws i 268. 7 - 8 .i. ag (leg. an) erid bes ag congbail na dighi cuisc fris in fer bis isin freptaidh, 300.25 - 26 Comm. muighi do digh coiscc, BNnÉ 315 § 11 . fan digh cuisg, IGT Decl. ex. 1039 . fuarabair dig cuisc tonnaid, TFerbe 600 . domna coisc 'enough for a cure', CIH i 177.18 , Mar. Dis. 70 . a chomarlid. a ḟer cuisc instructor, LL 31569 (TTr.). fer a choisc a man capable of checking him, ZCP vi 29.32 . suí coisc cach suí, LL 24282 `every sage is a corrective sage', RC xxvi 17 .

(d) With follg. prepp.: gniom a laime do c.¤ diob to prevent them from . . . , TBC St. 3799 . ba c.¤ fairrgi do tractaib ┐ ba c.¤ gaithi fri fudbaid holding back the sea (in list of impossible tasks), BB 411a52 . d'eagla choisg na n-aeiged d'fín, IGT Verbs ex. 677 . sás na n-ainmhianach do chosg dá gcoirthibh, TSh. 6828 . casg aga ar gach anduine control, O'R. Poems 22 . c.¤ . . . on oite for in dalta, Laws ii 348.21 Comm. iad féin do chosg . . . ó bhréithribh, Párl. na mB. 1248 . Note also: a ccosg do chum coimhthechta = exhort them to, RSClára 95a . In phr. do-beir (cuirid) c.¤ for: nírbuch.¤ coir dorratsat forru són gl. correptionis, Ml. 113d7 . c.¤ mbec doberr forsna pecthachu, 51b23 (see Ériu xvii 2 ). c.¤ do tabairt ar chuislennaib na maighdine, Grail 3497 . do bheir an chranncair air imreasanaibh cosg = causeth to cease, Proverbs xviii 18 . ar bhar gcailg ó nach cuiream cosg, Content. ix 11 . cosg do chor ar amharc ainmhianach a shúl, TSh. 7252 .

cride

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cride or dil.ie/12925
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: croidhe, cridhe

n io, [n., 230 , GOI 179, et al. See also: cride n-ega, ScM. § 15 . cride n-dracon, FB2 56.16 . téit isna cride cáda 'he enters the pious hearts' Blathm. 647 . It is not certain that c.¤ is pl. (and hence n.) in: rombói fíal amirisse eterac.¤ `between their hearts (and him)', Wb. 15a29 . i c.¤ cáich gl. ut sermo Domini currat, 26a33 . badlethan formenme ┐ forc.¤ , 16a15 . Cf. nístabir a c.¤ `their heart brings them not', 16a30 . corop inonn cretem bes hifar cridiu etc., 7d10 . In none of the foregoing has the Latin lemma the word cor. In: cosrid hi far cridib gl. studete, Ml. 68a15 the gloss may have been infl. by corda of psalm]. Later crai-, croi- (infl. by crú, cródae(?), GOI 102 ). As early as LL: craide, LL iv 31176 . ancraide, iv 31575 . croidhe, cridhe, m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.20) .

(a 1) physical heart of humans or animals: .i. ata lobru amal rongab cride et óa et inmedóncha áili 'i.e. which are weaker, such as the heart and liver and other internal organs' Wb. 12 b 1 . .i. is edh is cardiaca and .i. crith gluasachta in craidi 'cardiaca is a tremulous movement of the heart' Rosa Angl. 120.1 .

(a) heart (us. as seat of emotions): imbo hochridiu fanacc, Wb. 27c11 . a thuidecht ic.¤ tar ési dǽ gl. nolite locum dare diabulo, 22b5 . hiclaar cridi gl. in tabulís cordis, 15a11 . c.¤ ┐ óa ┐ inmedóncha áili, 12b1 . cen chongain cridi gl. cum inpunitate cordis, Ml. 90d10 . dirgi hochridiu gl. rectos . . . corde, 30b2 . 56a20 . cenn cridi gl. uiscus `the end of the heart', Sg. 111b5 . ? sén lat cend mo cridi, Mon. Tall. 131.16 (`guard with thy head my heart'). c.¤ .i. don crit[h] forsa mbī, Corm. Y 267 . do airchisiucht do cridhi, Blathm. 144 . cridhe glan, Ériu xiii 26.15 . cid dúrdae a ch.¤ , Fél. Ep. 194 . c.¤ licce (of warrior), Sc.M² 15 . tir doberar do eaclais . . . nad facaib easlan a craidhe `leaves no discomfort of heart', Laws v 428.5 . fo déig cridi do máthar, LU 5021 (TBC). c.¤ níad, LU 3848 ( SCC 38 ). i socraidi (is ó chraidi, SC2) labrait biuil, 3875 (ibid.). maidid a ch.¤ isin gillu, LL 14342 . ba béim c.¤ fri cliab leis (Culann at death of his dog), TBC-LL² 894 . ar crúas a craided, Fianaig. 88.11 . a ch.¤ tairise do rúnaib Dé, PH 8336 . co rotregdastair a craideada, TTebe 2782 . co craidhi maith willingly , ZCP vi 28.5 . See conguin

In phr. do-icc c.¤ x for y x takes pity on y: ní táinic cride neich díb fair acht cride Con-Brettan 'none of them had sympathy for him except Cú Brettan', Cath Almaine 4.43 . tic a cridhi fair ┐ ba trog lais, Aen. 2643 . tanic cridi na nGrec co mor . . . ar I., TTebe 2759 . táinig a chroidhe uirre `his heart yearned to it' (a child), Keat. iii 2119 .

(b) centre, middle part, focus : Mide . . . / c.¤ na Banba bricce, Rawl. 163b20 . C. Hérenn Cell Dara, Triads 4 . i cridhibh pene `in cores of pain', Lism. L. 3637 . di neoch nad roacht c.¤ cathæ, RC xii 104 § 148 . craide chuissi `the sole of the foot', Bretha 2A . ar chroidhibh na ccos, 23 K 42, 166a.6 . c.¤ coise ┐ láime `palm of hand and sole of foot', O'Gr. Cat. 269.12 . cridhe a dearnann gur deargadh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 226.2 . ar a chroidhe don taoibh asticch dā lāmhuinn, Beatha S. F. 3157 . Of wounds of Christ (in classical verse): a chóig chroidhe / cóig róid toighe na trócoire, Aithd. D. 89.16 . ar sgoltadh a chóig gcroidhe, DDána 23.26 . dá chroidhe na ngéag-bhonn nglan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 4 . Cf. a chóig créachta ar a chóig cridhibh (of stigmata of St. Francis), PBocht 1.9 .

(c) affection, love; dear one : ferr cride gíallnai (gialla, v.l.) 'better affection than submission', BFF 6.54 . c.¤ he / daire cno, IT iii 100 § 177 . bí 'com chobair a ch.¤ (Christ), Ériu vi 115 § 8 . bíodh a cridhe ag cách `love', PBocht 5.14 . gomadh hé ar gcroidhe an caomhthach darling, DDána 121.18 . mo chroidhe an béal sochruidh saor `dear is . . . ', A. Ó Dálaigh xxvii 6 . leith mo chroidhe an cu . . . ┐ leith croidhe na co(i)n me (of Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), RC x 337. 8 , 9 . cridhe sgol na tíre thíar, Bard. P. 6. 16 . ar ṅdí gérait chridi dear, Fél. Sept. 27 . a Christ chridi, Ériu iii 31 § 20 . Gaillem ch.¤ `beloved G.', Metr. Dinds. iii 320.43 . ba mind craidi doib uili itir firu ┐ mnaib, BB 436b32 . Cillein c.¤ , Gorm. March 12 . mo chuid cridhe my dear, LBranach 4274 . a cháirde croidhe, Rial. S.F. 213 . See s.v. cnú

(d) valour : ant aenmac rig doba mo clu ┐ c.¤ `courage', Ann. Conn. 1362.9 . gur shní croidhe a gcolga, LBranach 4728 `valour', n. croídhe ┐ caráisti, Párl. na mB. 102 . croidhe ón fheart fhalamh ní uair consolation, DDána 30.29 .

In n. pr. Maccridhe .i. mac craidhe, Mart. Don. Aug. 11 i.e. son by affection or adoption, n.

Compds. With nouns. tucc . . . cridh-airchisecht compassion of heart, BNnÉ 87.21 . forbair derci ┐ cridirchisechta, LB 257a14 . a crithairchisid . . . cecha trōighe `o heart's pitier', Otia ii 98 § 34 (see note p. 104). contrísio .i. croidhebhrúdh, Parrth. Anma 1786 . acfainn . . . a gcreachta 's a gcroidhechéasta power to despoil and torment them, Ó Bruad. iii 12.y . nir bo chridḟer 'mon cóem-ḟlaith `favourite with', Metr. Dinds. iii 350.26 . ba hé-som mo chrideṡerc darling, Liad. and Cuir. 24.20 . cridṡerc mo menman míne, LL 18199 . See cridiscél. With adjj. derived from nouns: bid crid-oirchisechtach dúind, PH 181 . do fhréimh Cholla chridhiorghalaigh, DDána 89.4 . nibacéle cridserccach, SR 6016 . cartanaigh crideshercaigh . . . imoroile, Leb. Gab.(i) 224.18 .

danó, dano

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danó, dano or dil.ie/14616
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dā, dano, dana, daniu, daneu, dano, dono, dana, danau, dā, dā, dō, dano, dono, dona, dana, dāa, dōo, denu, doná, nú, dno, dna, d, do, no, dono, dano, dana, denu, dā, dno, no, dno, no, dā, No

sō: da-nō, Ir. Gosp. Thom. § 22 . shō: 'nō, DDána 175 § 29 . 'nó, LL ii 11121 (TBC) . See Ériu liii 139: of unknown origin in spite of Zeuss 1005, n. 3 . Perhaps da-no, da-nu, cf. co-nu, ACC 66 , nu, ib. 11 , and BB 318 a 33 : dā .i. da nui insein; daniu, Cambr. (modelled on didiu? daniu: danu = didiu: didu); niu the dative of ní in Mil seems a late form and should not be compared. It is worth noticing that in the Enchir. Aug. 85 a ( ZCP vii 485. 6 ) Lat. denuo is glossed by nuu. The oldest meaning of dano is that of denuo ` anew, again ' (e.g. Mon. Tall. 149. 26 ). All other meanings arose from this.

A OLD-IR. Usually written dā = dano or dana.

daniu, Cambr. 37 d .

daneu, Cambr. 38 a , 38 b .

dano in full, Wb. 5 c 12 , 5 d 23 , 9 c 10 , 32 c 2 ; Ml. 43 a 22 .

dono in full, Wb. 2 d 10 , 8 d 5 , 7 d 16 .

dana in full, Wb. 5 c 18 . Elsewhere always dā in Wb.

danau, Ml. 37 a 8 .

The 8th century MS Cín Dromma Snechta had dā.

B MID.-IR. Usually written dā, as in Old-Ir., and dō.

dano in full, Laws i 26. 22 ; 28. 17 , 25 ; 242. 18 .

dono is the usual form in the Laws; always nó dono; (nó dō); in full RC xi 446, l. 55 ; Laws i 236. 20 (cid dono); Death-tales of the Ulster heroes § 4 ; Lib. Flav. 16 a 1 . 2 .

dona in full RC xi 444. 1 .

dana in full, ScM. 17 ( IT i 105. 5 ), H 3. 18 ; TE 13 ( IT i 127. 4 ), Eg. dana supported by the rhyme Acall. 3852 .

dāa, RC xi 444. 1 f.b.

dōo, Laws i 8. 1 .

denu in full RC xii 72 § 44 , Harl.; dē, ib. 86 § 93 .

doná, AFM iii 34. 3 ; 34. 14 ; 38. 10 ; 40. 6 ; 48. 11 ; TFrag. 8. 15 .

nú (: Lúachrú; no, v.l.), Three Historical Poems, 112 q.23Aa .

Syncopated forms:

dno in full, Thes. ii 308. 5 (Preface to Fiacc's Hymn; but dā, 307. 4 , 9 .); ib. 325. 7 (Preface to Ultan's Hymn, Franc.). Laws i 112. 1 ; 220. 8 - 16 ; v 368. 9 . CCC § 2 LU (v.l. dā). TBC-LL¹ 3756 ( LL 86 a 37 ). LL 34 b 31 (: rempo). BB 109 a 20 ; 353 a 31 ; 296 b 51 ; 322 a 14 , 19 , 21 , 22 (most frequent in this MS). Hib. Min. 15 (l. 51 , 58 ); 18 (458) ; 40 st 3 (Rawl.). RC xii 100. 1 ; 108. 1 (Harl.); ib. 108. 11 ; 92 § 122 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 58 § 12 ; 72 § 43 . ZCP iii 227. 21 (Harl.); 249. 10 ; 228 § 3 ; 237 § 27 . ACL iii 2. 5 . Anecd. iii 25. 16 . dā = dno supported by the rhyme, LL 8 a 39 , 144 a 9 . dō = dno supported by the metre, ACL iii 297 st 60 , H. 3. 18.

dna in full: Laws i 20. 7 . RC xiii 377. 8 (H. 3. 18), v.l. dā. ScM. § 19 Harl., v.l. dā. Cog. 160. 25 . TFrag. 148. 11 . AFM i 470. 10 f.b. ; iii 110. 17 ; 118. 1 .

d, TBC-LL¹ (LL) 2298 ; ib. p. 179 n. 3 (Stowe-MS). ZCP iii 249. 25 ; 251. 4 . Lib. Flav. 26 b 1 . 43 . RC xii 66 § 33 (Harl.); ib. 72 § 44 ; 74 § 53 ; 98 § 131 . Hib. Min. 15 (l. 53) , 18 (l. 449) .

do, RC xii 104 § 149 .

no (short `o,' cf. below; nó, LL 90 a 3 = TBC-LL¹ 4318 ; cf. no rhyming with dó, BB 297 b 42 ; written l-, LL 55 b 27 = TBC-LL¹ 200 ): TBC-LL¹ (LL) 437 , 2826 , 2835 , 2839 , 2911 , 2914 , 2948 , 3167 (?), 3239 , 3647 , 3745 , 3753 , 3756 , 3885 , 4241 , 4261 , 4305 , 4322 , 4332 , 4343 , 4355 , 4365 , 4392 , 5018 , 6023 . CRR § 7 l. 9 ( LL 172 a 1 ), § 9 l. 8 ( 172 b 2 ), § 14 l. 5 , § 25 l. 6 , § 34 l. 2 , § 41 l. 4 , § 46 l. 7 , § 51 l. 11 . LL 57 a 33 , 91 a 54 , 101 a 2 , 172 b 48 , 175 a 42 . BB 46 a 19 , 269 b 51 , 297 b 42 (= IT iii 12 § 21 ). Laws v 368. 17 (? ar is ón no darcid inn[d]omon do duiniu).

for `dni' AFM v 1552 read didiu ( dī, Aut. MS fo 87 a ).

Of the Old-Ir. forms dono arose from dano, as ocus from acus, under the influence of the u-shaded `n.' At the time of the Würzburg Glosses dano was still kept distinct from dono, the latter being used after interrogatives apparently as an enclitic, without accent: ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . cepu dono, 7 d 16 . ce dono, 8 d 15 (cf. cid dono, Laws i 48. 24 ; 54. 3 f.b. ).

The syncopated Mid.-Ir. forms dno, no retaining `o' show that also in Old-Ir. the stress fell on the ultimate, as dano stressed on the penultimate would have given Mid.- Ir. dana. The Mid.-Ir. writing denu ( RC xii 72 § 44 , cf. dechum, debert) points in the same direction. Compare also the writing doná in the FM. In poetry the accent falls on the ultimate:

Acall. 3852 : mairg dadhair don luing dana. nachasainic Tonn Chlidna.

The syncopated form is often used in poetry for the convenience of the metre. It appears in several poems ascribed to poets of the 11th and 12th centuries, e.g.

LL 144 a 9 : Almon rathuit artús dā (dno leg.) i nEtail ra Troiano.

(a poem by Giolla an Choimdhedh Ua Cormaic of the early 12th century).

LL 8 a 39 : anmand tri mac Nemid dā (dno leg.) Luach Cessarni ┐ Luachro.

(poem by Tanaidhe Ua Maoilchonaire †1136; v.l. no, BB 46 a 19 ).

LL 34 b 31 : i ndáil fer talman sund dno [labrad] (cf. l. 43 ) lá is aidchi rempo.

(poem by Cúán O'Lothcháin †1024).

Further in a 10th-century poem from Rawl. 1 a 1 , Hib. Min. 40 st 3 :

fuilriud már guin dóine dno ocus plág for pecthacho.

in Fingen mac Flainn's poem on the Fir Arddae from the middle of the 9th century, ACL iii 297 st 60 :

ní mandingentar dno dóibsium dál ndrong ndelech.

and ICM st 188 :

atchitis dno (sic leg.) triasan tor sin forsin dorus atreab nálaind &c.

This brings us back to the time of the Codex Sangallensis; whence it follows that dno, though not occurring in any MS older than the LU, belongs to the Old-Ir. period.— No was developed from dno in Mid.-Ir. time. It seems impossible to fix the date of this development accurately. The appearance of `no' in old poetry, as BB 46 a 19 , 297 b 42 , is no test, as no might be a late substitute for dno. The fact that the earliest instances occur in the LL points to the 12th century. In Mid.-Ir. MSS dā, dno, and no go hand in hand. The spoken form was dno, later no; but the traditional writing dā lingered on for centuries in the MSS. No is found in MSS from the early 13th to the 15th century, when it became obsolete. The FM write doná, dana, dna, purely literary forms. In the Annals of Ulster the particle does not in any form occur after the year 1204 ( AU ii 242. 2 ).

In Mid.-Ir. no syntactical distinction is made between dā, dno, dna, and no. The particle is never placed at the head of the sentence, but can, apart from this, occupy almost any position within it. It follows stressed and unstressed words, and appears particularly often after emphasising particles, a circumstance which contributed to the syncope of the first syllable. It gives a certain emphasis to the accented word immediately preceding. The following is a synopsis of the most common positions of the particle:

(1) asbeir daniu ind apstol, Cambr. 37 d. torchratar no muinter Fintain, LL 91 a 54 . bemmini dano, Wb. 9 c 10 . mathidsom dano, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . dogénsa no, CRR § 9 .

(2) abi mogasi dano, Wb. 27 c 17 . (is) maith dano, ib. 33 a 5 . bat roumal dano in fer sin, Mon. Tall. 159. 2 . is ferr dano lais, ní haurcuil dano lais MT.

(3) issí dano, Wb. 19 b 12 . issed dano, Mon. Tall. 136. 13 et pass. cipé no, TBC-LL¹ 200 .

(4) (a) uait no, CRR § 7 . dóib no, TBC-LL¹ 3239 . (b) is samlid dano, Wb. 21 b 2 . etrunni dano, ib. 12 b 12 . forthusom no LL 172 b 48 . uaimse no, TBC-LL¹ 4305 .

(5) is annsin dano tanccatar, BDD 151. 7 . intan dano, ib. § 162 . on uair dano ronuc, Laws i 18. 11 .

(6) a forbi tra dano, Mon. Tall. 128. 7 .

(7) after a noun in all cases except the vocative: nom. in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73 a 11 . gabtha díberg dano la suide, BDD § 41 . Diarmait dano abb ĺa lais, Mon. Tall. 153. 17 . acc. nicodoes mír feolai dano, Mon. Tall. 129. 22 . gen. cend Ferchon Longsig no, LL 80 a 44 . bóisom ic fechadh a bhráthar no, TBC-LL¹ 3885 . dat. do díb lethaib no, LL 175 a 42 . da saigid no, TBC-LL¹ 4261 .

Dā, no (&c.) is a particle mainly employed in principal clauses, though both in Old- and Mid.-Ir. it also appears in secondary ones. Already in Old-Ir. often = didiu, trá. In Mid.-Ir. MSS the interchange between dā, dī, tra, and imorro is quite common; cf. Windisch's note IT Glossary 467 . dā, LL 316 b 28 = dī, BB 133 b 9 . Particularly common issed dī = issed dā, nó dī = nó dō.

I adv Also, further, in addition, besides, as well, too , as a further point or circumstance tending in the same direction. Often with 1 ocus, acus, íarum, íarom, íaram, iar tain, beus, olchena, opp. cétamus Mon. Tall. 136. 23 .

A In the apodosis or main clause, preceded by a subordinate clause expressing:

(a) comparison : amal gnís tra Críst in iustis...is samlid dā gniith demun in filiís defidentiae thus, too, worketh the Devil in f.d. Wb. 21 b 2 . amal as hiress ronóib Abracham nitat gnīma rechto issí dā robnóibsi it also has sanctified you ib. 19 b 12 . amal bete som i nimpudiu inna brithemnacte bemmini dano, ib. 9 c 10 . amal durígni inna gnímu sechmadachtai dugéna dā innahí tairngir hisa todochide, Ml. 50 d 10 . amal it dá lebur fichet it dí litir fichet dā, ib. 2 d 2 . Cf. ib. 69 b 3 . amal as messe dudaforsat inna dúli is me dā bæras mes firian foraib, ib. 94 b 7 . amal nách forcenn libuir...ní forcenn libuir dā, Hib. Min. 22. 6 . Cf. also: amal file oentid eter baullu coirp duini conroib óintu etrunni dā hore ammi corp Críst, Wb. 12 b 12 .

(b) condition : acht robæ quies et tranquilitas regibus bieid dā dúnni a ndede sin, Wb. 28 a 23 . dóecastar i mbí hinun folud bís indib ┐ a cétnide. mad inun is óinrann dā if it be the same it is also one part (of speech), Sg. 188 a 6 . madh tochus cin innrucus nama ┐ maith do dénum de as letheineclund dono beos, Laws i 54. 3 f.b. Cf. also Wb. 14 d 24 : intí dia ndílgidsi dalugubsa dā, where a relative clause takes the place of a conditional one.

(c) time : o adcuaid...a ndorigeni Dia airriu de maid asbeir iarum dā arandathidisom di maith, Wb. 21 d 11 . ho imrordai nech didiu isind [ḟ]recdairc...in tairsitiu adchí dolbthai dā iarum he also afterwards feigns it PCr. 64 a 1 .

(d) cause or reason : hore...adib cretmich infectsa cretmech dā for cland, Wb. 10 a 6 . huare techtas nerta is cóir dā iarum cobsaide oc díten a muntairai, Ml. 85 a 4 .

(e) concession : v. V (a).

B In principal clauses repeating the verb of the preceding clause, with or without `ocus'; also, again . Type: dorochair Laimidon...dorochratar dā forgla ríg ┐ taísech na Troiana, Aen. 18 .

(a) cop.: ishé som doradchiúir ┐ ishé dā as taidcricc it is he also that is the ransom Wb. 2 b 9 . ished ón immurgu as fír et is fír dā esséirge omnium post sé , ib. 13 b 23 . is oc frecur céill dæ atáa (sc. mo chland) is occa dā attósa, ib. 29 d 6 . ropo do Dáil Chonchobair dosom ┐ rop ed dā do máthair Brigte, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is misiu ém dorat...is me dō rothairmisc, TE § 13 Eg. ropa cridiscél dam cédamus ...ropo cridiscél dam dā...┐..., Mon. Tall. 136. 23 . ba hamnus muirn na curud...amnus d an tarneuch ruboi and, RC xii 98. 17 ; cf. Ériu v 238. 5 . conid desin...is de dno hence also RC xii 106 § 162 . indligid don fechemain apad... indligid dō don bidbaid a élod sum im dliged, Laws i 114. 20 . isé rothomais ótha esca co gréin...isé dō rothomais, &c. , ib. 28. 11 , 14 .

(b) subst. verb: cach genitiu dichoisin ataat indib in dí chéill se sís. atá dā hi `sui,', Sg. 209 b 29 . bátar Ulaid oc ól i taig F....bái dā ben ind F. oc airiuc don tṡluag, IT i 67. l. 3 . atá...atá dā, RC xiii 458 § 56 . ar atát foruis...atá dō forus, Laws ii 128. 19 . dáig atát na .uii. Mani...┐ atúsa com thegluch no, TBC-LL¹ 437 . atá limsa for M. buaid cluaisse. ata limsa dā for M. A. buaid rodeirc, BDD § 48 .

(c) other verbs: ut Paulus ait...ocus asbeir daniu ind apostol, Cambr. 37d . rohucad airechas inna Rómæ co Constantinopoil. rucad dā a ainmm, Sg. 174 a 1 . Cf. ib. 73 a 12 (in hilur dā = is in h.d). rodelb iartin dluma in talman...rodelb dō na hocht ngaetha...rodelb dona datha na ngaeth, Laws i 26. 27 , 30 ; 28. 5 . dorimchell (v.l. rothairmcheall) rígusciu Hérend ria matain...toróchell (v.l. dorarmchell) dā prímlocha Hérend r.m. before morning he had also travelled to the chief lakes of Erin BDD § 155 ; ib. § 95 . tarlaic...dosléicimse dā, IT i 101. 16 . sadais ind snáthaid fo thrí inda dernaind co toltnadar na trí srotha folæ asind láim...saididsiom dā ind snáthat...co tultatar dā, &c. , he thrusts again the needle into her hand Mon. Tall. 149. 26 . dorad M. ocht fichtiu bo don Choimdhigh. dorat dā baile ic Drochat Átha, AU ii 130. 8 ; cf. also 130. 6 . asbert... asbert dā, RC xi 450. 130 . dogníth side na harma...dogníth dō L. soer na crondo...dugníth dno C. cerd na semonn, RC xii 92. 1 f.b. , 94. 4 . ícais an gilde den indel cétnæ...ícais d an gille d.i.c., ib. 68. 7 . focres forrai dno dus &c....focres forra d dus..., ib. 72 § 44 . dorochratar a trí comlín leo ┐ torchratar no muinter F., LL 91 a 54 . issed atberat som ...asberat dā, ib. 125 b = Ériu v 212. 2 . is amlaid tánic som...is amlaid tánic in Mane Andoe no, TBC-LL¹ 2826 . atbert cend cach ḟir díb bara lííc ┐ atbert cend Ferchon Longsig no bar lííc, ib. 2914 . táncatar rempo...et tánic no Fiacho, ib. 2948 . rachúaid dóib...dachuaid dóib no, &c. , ib. 3239 . Cf. also ib. 4299 - 4322 ; 2911 . atraacht C....atraacht trian slóig Ulad laisium no, CRR § 34 1. 2 ; ib. § 9 (rogniad... daronait dā). adorcradar som ┐ torcramar dō and we too are fallen Acall. 3174 . Cf. ib. 3399 (dō). roíarfacht didiu di araile cidh dorala dó...roḟiarfacht dā dḟir aile in cétna, Cóir Anm. p. 320. 6 f.b. genfidh ón ḟir sin ┐ ót ingin siu rígradh na hEtaile ┐ genfidh dō uaidib airdrigh na huili domun, Aen. 1519 . dochoncadar arna rindad fuath na Trai. rorindad and dō dealb in chatha...┐ rorindad ind dō amal rochathaig P., ib. 312 ; further exx. 256 . 326 . 477 . 568 . 1780 . gaeth mór...rothrasccair railghi. rothrasccair doná sé fichit crann i nDoire C. C., AFM iii 38. 10 . AU ii 192. 8 (dō).

C In principal clauses introducing a new predicate with or without `ocus.'

(a) the sentence introduces an additional action or condition of the subject of the preceding clause, the subjects being the same: robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forro leusom ┐ roptar inducbaidiu de dā apud Deum, Ml. 47 a 17 . dobir cros dit sailiu for óchtar do chinn ┐ dogní a tóirand sa dā .U. fort chiunn, Thes. ii 249. 4 . rochúm [Día] in firmaimint imacuairt uime (sc. in talam)...rodelb dō iartin dluma in talman, Laws i 26. 25 . in mét dona fuil ó thalmain coruice suide (sc. in firmamint) issed dono fuil ó thalmain sís co fudomain ifirn, ib. i 28. 18 . rofiarfaig iarum don corrguinech dús cia cumang gonanacair... imcomaircidh dno den deogbori..., RC xii 82. 1 . Amenicán imráidim ┐ dno cóin innláidim, ACL iii 2. 3 .

(b) dā introducing a new subject and a new verb. The sense of dā becomes more emphatic, the statement being strongly marked as additional to what has been said before: further, besides, moreover . cum manu sapere plena fuerit .i. no rapere fit in aliis libris ┐ is manus dā bís indib, Ml. 36 b 2 . inna aithissi dombeirtis som fornni batir athissi dā daitsiu a Dæ, ib. 90 d 17 ; ib. 40 a 15 . dagnítis dā int Ṡabindai aní sin, Sg. 28 a 10 . sed etiam in accentibus, gl. biid dā comaitecht ceneuil do chenéul i naiccendaib, ib. 75 a 7 . is and ba hadaig for feraib Uloth. feraid snechtae már foroib dā (dno LU) CCC § 2 , ib. § 31. 4 . ní déntar ceth crosfigill...etar dí nodlaic. mathid som (i.e. Maelruain) dā and salmu aurnaigthe do chetal, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . canir dā biad fri aitherruch aidchi lúoin. cantir dā salm aurnaigthi aidchi ndomnaich...fogní dā ailli mési laissom (i.e. Maelrúain) aidchi lúoin, ib. 131. 6 - 9 . is ferr laisiom dā he thinks it better, moreover ib. 161. 29 . is ferr dā lais, ib. 147. 27 ; similarly: is aurchail lais dā, 164. 14 . ni haurch. d.l. 143. 18 ; 161. 26 ; cf. also the common phrases issed dā is chóir (is maith, is dóig) la (or issed i. c. lais dā), ib. 134. 11 , 16 ; 148. 8 ; 161. 21 . Other exx. 136. 13 ; 143. 2 , 3 ; 161. 13 .— fochairt iarom for tech nand ... imarnic dō fri oclaig naile, RC xi 4461. 50 . birt roth leis ond óclaich... dobert dono uball dó, ib. 4461. 55 . ar ba fáith si dā she was also a prophetess ib. 4481. 81 . inor aodhar imbe ised dē uchtlebar, ib. xii 86 § 93 ; cf. 72. 19 . ronaisceatar fomoraig a cíos for Érinn...dobretha d na trénfiræ a foghnam dou, ib. 64. 1 . ┐ atrubairt dā in fer cétna riss and moreover the same man said BDD p. 152 . dorónsat baindea muiridhi dia longaib ┐ roiadh dō mórṡluagh na R. do leith tíri, Aen. 2348 . dorala dō olc ele and moreover, another evil happened, ib. 484 . loisccthear Slicceach leo. romarbad dana mac Corbmaic, AFM iii 362. 9 . tucsat ár for gallaibh...domilltea dō Laigin leo, AU ii 164. 7 ; 130. 8 .

D Often in the sense of `too' (`also') immediately after nouns and pronouns (or emphasising particles): domini, quod iustum est seruis praestáte...et uos dominum habetis in caelo .i. abi moga si dā atá for coimdiu i nnim ye, too, are servants Wb. 27 c 17 . cid sisi dā ronfitid ni, 15 c 28 . si totum corpus oculus, ubi auditus, gl. bid corp són dā that, too, will be body, 12 a 27 , cf. són dā, 18 d 2 , 25 c 11 . duber som ainm fíno dun pláig duber[r] for nech ( 77 d 3 )... duber ainm fína dusuidiu dā he gives the name of wine to that too Ml. 77 d 4 . uetustissimi...`plerus plera plerum' (solebant proferre), gl. robói són dā leo this, too, they had Sg. 75 b 4 . ruc som fuil ṁbic uaimse no from me, too TBC-LL¹ 4305 , 4318 (nó). corocherddainse no mo búraig ferge that I too may LL 176 b 26 ( CRR § 41. 4 ). dober comermitin féid fris fessin ┐ fri deacht maic dā do dóinacht mac, Ml. 127 d 10 - 11 . cum Clemente .i. dalte Petir. rachomalnastar sede dā he, too, had fulfilled it Wb. 24 a 37 . Conchobar dā (v.l. dō) hissuidiu inna charput...eirrid Uloth olchenae inna carptib...Bricriu dā (v.l. dō) leo, CCC § 1 . birt macc. laír dā (v.l. dō) bói i ndorus in tige trogais dá lurchuire, ib. § 3 . in pendit...a dénam doa macc accus a sétig dā do pennait that his wife also should do penance Mon. Tall. 163. 18 . Diarmait dā lais, ib. 153. 17 . atá i rriagailib ailibh dā cosmailius fitta in other rules also, 156. 17 ; 138. 36 ; 151. 6 . gid iat Greic nomtairsidh romuirfidis me. Troianaig dō ad buidin bidbudh dam the Trojans, too, are a multitude hostile to me Aen. 458 . —In phrases like the following: isin chath sin dno robenad a láṁ de Nuadaid, RC xii 58 § 11 , the particle goes with the preceding noun (pronoun) and may be rendered by same. bói cath for Scathaig isind aimsir sin dō fri tuathu eile at that time also, at that same time ib. xi 448. 4 f.b. is inntisin dō táinic hEoan in that same year AU ii 192. 10 . sluaghadh la M...┐ is foran sluaghadh sin dā romarbadh hua hInneirghi, ib. 128. 9 . isin bliadain sin dō táinic mórgaith adhbuil, ib. 192. 5 . is annsin dā tánccatar dá prímmucaid Eterxel fón doiri at the same time BDD p. 151. 7 . —Compare also Wb. 6 b 25 : omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, gl. aratá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus. ishé side dā as éola and, where dā seems to emphasise the reference to Deus.

E Often in enumerations without a verb; espec. in the Laws and in the Annals (to introduce a new entry). cethruimi fair ar sellcecht...cethruime dona...cethruimi dono, Laws i 242. 12 . lethchumul dno ó fethemuin... lethchumul dno ó bidbuid...cumul dno...┐ cumul dno..., ib. i 220. 8 - 16 . impudh Uladh dā for Ua L....crech dō leo for Uib Bresail, AU ii 146. 17 . crech la Nial...crech eile dō, ib. i 582. 13 . maidm for Connachta ria feraibh Breifne. maidm dana re Connachta for f. B., ib. i 520. 14 . sloghadh la M...sloghad dā la D., ii 82. 4 ; 88. 18 ; 128. 12 ; 186. 21 . ithé mo thrí indroscc. giallnai do Scathaig...muinterus dā frimsa dadaich, &c. , RC xi 450 l. 127 . FB § 28 . Cf. the 12 times repeated `cia cléirech dā' BColm. 102. 15 - 103. 11 .

F ní (ná, nách)...dano nor...either, like Germ. `auch nicht.' ní lour in bendachad...ní lour dano in nebmaldachad auch geniigt nicht nicht zu fluchen Wb. 5 d 23 . ar ní cumuing side dā imfogbaidetid ná lánamnas manip tol apud mulierem, 9 d 18 . nihil enim intulimus in hunc mundum, haud dubium quod nec auferre quid possimus .i. ní béram ass dā, 29 b 15 . et uos, domini, eadem facite illís .i. nachiberpid si dā ibar cumachtu, 22 d 6 ; cf. 3 a 14 , 9 d 5 . amal nad frescat bás inna cethrai ní bí dā cida fresciso in báis etir lasna dóini so, Ml. 69 b 3 . ní díltai dā (sc. Priscianus) in cétbuid nísin leugnet auch nicht Sg. 201 b 10 . Compare RC xii 68 § 36 . Mon. Tall. 129. 22 ; 131. 22 ; 143. 15 ; 145. 19 ; 160. 4 .

G nó dano, nó dono, nó dno ( BB 323 b 7 . Laws i 112. 1 ), nó no ( BB 35 b 7 ) = emphasised nó, often interchanging with simple `nó.' or, or else . Synon. nó didiu, Fél. 2. 13 . PH 7082 . nach dú immurgu inimfogni fri foxlid nó fritobarthid dā wherever it is construed with the ablative or dative Ml. 27 c 10 . nó dō (v.l. nó itá i.e. ita), ACL iii 293. 16 . Very common in the Laws to introduce a new and different opinion. dogabar eneclann do neoch a dualgus a dhána...┐ nocha faghbar a dualgus a chinn...nó dō go fathar eneclann dó a dualgus a dhána ┐ in chinn aga nderna uirrned, Laws i 62. 2 f.b. senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní is sensus, ib. 34. 28 ; ib. 36. 2 ; 40. 7 ; 68. 5 f.b. ; 96. 17 : 106. 35 ; 108. 5 ; 112. 1 ; 128. 17 ; 130. 7 f.b. ; 188. 7 ; 228. 9 ; 250. 4 (no dō cena); 274. 1 ; 296. 1 ; ii 22. 18 ; iv 8. 10 ; 12. 20 ; 256. 8 f.b. — Aedh Uaridnach .i. uara idna tigdís dó...nó A. Fúaridhnach...nó dā uara tigdís dó, Cóir Anm. § 121 ; ib. § 142 et pass. PH 5719. 5720 . 5654 (dō).

H ocus dano and moreover: rupu accubur leu etergne mu chumachti ┐ rusmbói dā, Wb. 33 a 11 . ocus dō fon cóir cétna cidh adultrus dogneth, Laws i 56. 8 f.b. ┐ dano or si, LU 9052 . aile dano: ainm naild dō din tibroid sin Loch Luibe, RC xii 96 § 126 . Imroll aile B. E. ainm aile do no, TBC-LL¹ 2835 .

I amlaid dano thus, thus also : is samlid dā, Wb. 12 c 46 . pronomen hi foirciunn indib. robu samlid dā robói `modi huius ' hi tosuch, Sg. 203 b 5 . is amlaid dō doroimsi in ferta, ACL iii 30 § 83 . sic dō, Laws i 114. 28 ; ii 244. 14 .

Jin secondary clauses: is torbach du popul flaith firian leu .i. amal as ṁmaith dund flaith fessin dā, Ml. 90 b 11 . adcondairc...nombíth forcleith leo dā for tabairt a coibsen, Mon. Tall. 135. 19 . curo ícuit in cin dō, Laws i 60. 11 , &c. madeadh asbersa...madead asber dono , ib. i 8. 1 .

II Therefore, then, accordingly, itaque, et ita, igitur — both in principal and secondary clauses, drawing a conclusion from what has been said before. By the Irish themselves translated by ergo, igitur, ita (locus ergo, locus igitur, sic igitur, no ita ( ACL iii 293. 16 ) = loc dā, amlaid dā, nó dā). Common in the Glosses, esp. with imperative and in prohibitions, but rare in all Mid.-Ir. MSS.—

(a) si autem spiritu facta carnis mortificaueritis uiuetis, gl. ní bo líach dā a marbad killing them therefore were not regrettable Wb. 4 a 12 . is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée. todiusgadar dana ind anim do dénum maith let the soul, then, be roused to do good ib. 5 c 18 . similiter et uir sui corporis non habet potestatem sed mulier, gl. nách móided dā in fer infechtso hi cumachtu, 9 d 18 . do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin. ná bad anfoirbthi si dā arnáp, &c., be ye not imperfect, then, lest, 12 d 26 . ní derlaichta a pecdæ doib acht duratad dígal forru. cenotad maic si raith dā ma imroimsid ní dílgibther duib, 33 b 8 . Further exx. from Wb.: 9 b 10 . 11 b 4 . 13 a 4 . 15 a 5 . 19 d 21 . 28 b 17 . —interrogemus igitur: imchomarcam dā, Ml. 18 a 1 .— vetustissimi tamen et `altera utra' et alterum utrum' solebant proferre, gl. daeltais dā foa dá nóg inna genitin they used to decline it then according to its two integrals in its genitive Sg. 75 b 3 . Setum pro Zethum, gl. biid dā sethvs pro z. Sethus then is for Z. ib. 184 a 1 . derbaid cenél dā i suidib aní remitatét what precedes them, then, certifies the gender in them, 197 b 5 . Cf. further 38 b 8 .— ní diṅgne su mo lessa afechtsa. is ferr let in fer ucut toenur. biat marb so dā (v.l. dna) limsa, RC xiii 377. 8 .

(b) in a weakened sense utpote, nempe, nimirum; videlicet; namely, to wit, that is to say, introducing an explanation or conclusion, like German `nämlich.' non enim per legem promisio facta est Abrachae aut semeni eius ut heres esset mundi sed per iustitiam fidei, gl. .i. dorairngred dā rombad oirdnide a chland ut `in semine tuo rl.' ( Gen. xxii 18 ) it had been foretold, then, that his children would be distinguished Wb. 2 c 12 . ut et ipsi misericordiam consequantur, gl. bid misericordia dano dodaessarsom nípa meritum intan creitfite it will be misericordia then that will save them when they shall believe: it will not be m. ib. 5 c 12 . Dei aedificatio estis secundum gratiam Dei quae data est mihi, gl. Pelagius: non secundum meam uirtutem .i. is per gratiam cotofutaincsi dā it is p. g. that he upbuilds you then, 8 c 16 . Dei et adorent eum omnes angili .i. it les dano indaingil, 32 c 2 . dico...quod idolum sit aliquid? .i. ní ní dā in tídol the idol, then, is not anything, 11 b 11 . Further instances: 10 b 19 . 12 d 12 . 12 d 21 (in secondary clause: arna tomontis dā). 13 a 30 . 16 d 3 (?). 25 a 29 . 27 c 34 . 29 a 28 . 29 d 1 .

Here also Laws i 74. 9 f.b. : in uime rocuiris tech andso ara tabhairt uait fecht naill? in uainn tucadh dō ar sé was it from us, then, it was taken? and Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26. 3 : ticed Celtchar da tír ar Ulaid. ticed dā ar Conchobar let him come then.

III Very common in progressive description or narrative, indicating temporal and logical sequence: then, accordingly, so, upon which, thereupon, now . This usage arose from I, the original sense ` further, again ' being still perceptible.

(a) type: perge ad Columbam. dochóid ón dā `go to Columba' (said Satan). So he went Mon. Tall. 154. 17 . ercc co Comgald co ruccæ breith fort. dochóid som ón dā, ib. 154. 9 . fó duit cia nocotailtea. lasodain dona luig Fergus ina charpat ┐ contuil `it would be well for you to take a sleep.' So Fergus went into his chariot and slept, Laws i 72. 22 . telcar (sic leg.) issin tech hí. tánicc si dā issin tech, BDD p. 155. 9 . rotficbam co port i mbia innocht...dotaet dā reompa (v.l. téit iarom), ib. § 40 Eg. raráidsetar fir Hērend ri Tamun étgud Ailella do gabáil immi...ragabastarsom no étgud nAilella immi, TBC-LL¹ 2839 ( LL 79 b 30 ). raráidset...ri Mac Roth techta go Slíab Ḟúait...táinic Mac Roth reme no go S.F., ib. 4241 . asmbert Domnall nadmbai fóisitiu forcoitil Conculaind conrissed Scathaig bói fri hAlpai anair. nalotar dā...tar Alpai RC xi 444 l. 34 . asbert fris búi glend már ara chind. oentsét coel tairis...luid dō in sét sin nísin, ib. 446 l. 60 . Cf. also: rofaoidh días do thaisccéladh forna slóghaibh... dochódar sidhe dni (sic) go mbattar i ttréchumaiscc na slógh, AFM v 1552. 1 f.b.

(b) indicating progression in general. dothaet Conaire do saigid a harm...┐ gabaid glés nimberta a arm forsna díberga...tofuitet dā sé chét lais, BDD § 143 . bátar trí ríg ...oca urnaide seom...conacces som dō rout forsa mbátar then he was seen ib. § 14 . dolluid (sc. Derbforgaill) anair irricht dá géise ┐ a hinailt co mbátar for Loch Cuan. amail robói dā Cuchulainn ┐ Lugaid laa and conaccatar na heonu, Ériu v 208. 3 . dosrat a sním mór slóig na nG. umman ní sin ┐ rotimairgit dā maithi na nG. cusan rí imon caingin sin, ib. 146. 6 . dorragab som iarum ind praind iterum. robói si dā for suidiu co cend mbliadna Mon. Tall. 149. 24 , 29 . rucad iarum do muliund Ratha Cathair fa dí ┐ foremthes a bleith and...dochuaid dā timthirid Brigdi in tres fecht then B.'s servant went a third time Thes. ii 335. 33 . scaraid dā Bricriu friu iar sodain FB § 11 . ó dochóid tar Alpi ba brónach do díth a choiceli anais dana desuidiu ó roairigestar, RC xi 444. 1 f.b. ib. 444. 1 . TBC-LL¹ 2298 . dochótar immurro uile iarsin co Telaig hUa nD. co ndernsatar ossad mbliadna ┐ fir Muman. dodeochaid dō Domnall ar fut Connacht dia thig whereupon D. went home AU ii 90.23 . táinic Murchad cu nUlltaib cucu ┐ tucsat taelcad doib. romebaid dō for Gallaib, AU i 192. 15 ; 138. 18 , 19 .

(c) introducing a new event or indicating transition to an entirely new subject: now, now as to, as for . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath. filus trechenélae martre daneu adrímiter ar chruich now there are, &c., Cambr. 38a . ib. 38b . ba cara do Patraic hé (sc. Dubthach) ...luid dā Patraic fecht co tech in Dubthaig sin now P. once went to that D.'s house Thes. ii 307. 9 . nó is Brenainn dorigne in nimmun sa...locus ergo mare tempus uero Diarmata. tánic dā B. co Brigit now B. came to Brigit ib. 324. 21 . ib. 324. 1 . intan dā robói Macc Cecht fora áltaib isind ármaig conaccai in mnái sechae now when M. C. was lying wounded on the battlefield BDD § 162 (the preceding four paragraphs do not deal with M. C.). ib. § 163 , §165 . RC xii 108. 1 . cid Tuath Dei Dononn d derochratar go már isin chath now as for the T. D. D. they lost many men in the battle ib. 58 § 12 ; ib. 66 § 3 ; 74 § 53 ; 108. 1 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 92 § 123 ; 72 § 44 ; 100. 1 ; 104 § 149 ; 102. 11 . isé dō cétní rotheip Dia asin maisi .i. in talam now the first thing which God separated from the mass was the earth Laws i 26. 22 (at the head of a new paragraph). dia té dō bidbuid i ndeaguid a athgabála tar crích now if the defendant, &c., ib. i 220. 19 . ib. 18. 11 ; 28. 23 . In the following exx. from the MT dā stands at the beginning of an entirely new passage: mad doairle sale dā ind láim oc praind imberar usci leosom iarum now if spittle falls on a man's hand, 142. 14 . intí dā arbir bith oss nallaid...non manducat, &c. , as to him that eats the flesh of a wild deer, he must not eat (any other flesh until the Easter following), 146. 8 ; ib. 128. 1 , 7 ; 156. 23 ; 160. 15 ; 162. 8 . Very common is the following type: teclaim ubald dā dia domnaich...ní fogni leusom now as to gathering of apples on a Sunday, it is not allowed amongst them ib. 145. 17 . gille dā nó timtirid ní hécen aithrigi di suidiu as for a servant, 142. 1 . aos tróg dā nád ebat amail cách now as to invalids, 147. 19 ; so also 153. 3 ; 161. 1 ; 162. 1 . Mane Mathramail dā .iv. fichit déc fo churp a ndíbergae as for M. M. BDD § 42 . filedha dana robátar isin indsi si...nicon bíth lóg enech la cach fer díb noberedh gubreth now as to the poets, not a man of them had honourprice who passed false judgment Laws i 24. 28 . in file dō cunnuid forcruid duaisi...as a letheineclunn dígbus uime, ib. 58. 17 ; cf. ib. 62. 11 f.b. ; 30. 14 ; 22. 11 ; iv 50. 1 ; v 368. 9 .—Cf. also: araile ancarae robui hi Cluaoin maic Naois...hé dā hi luibri galar now he was infirm with disease Mon. Tall. 155. 5 . slógad la Domnall i nUlltaib. Ulaid dō i Craib telcha i llongport, AU ii 62. 8 . Here also the common phrase loc dā as to the place (of the hymn), it was: loc dno Duma ṅGobla, Thes. ii 308. 5 , by the Irish themselves rendered by `locus ergo (igitur),' ib. 324. 20 .

IV In commentaries, glosses, or explanatory notes repeating the word or phrase which is to be commented on. Syn. tra, didiu ( Cóir Anm. § 225 , 226 ; RC xi 442. 18 ; BColm. § 6 ). ┐ Raith Guthaird a loc, comm.: Raith Guthaird dō is airi atberur as to R. G. it is so called &c., Laws i 2. 8 . senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō is óní is sensus ciall, ib. 34. 26 . Colmán macc Daráne. Colmán mac Daríne dō .i. siur máthar do Cholmán Dairíne, Fél. p. 172. 31 . Mo Senoc Mughna dā .i. M. darbile mór, &c. , ib. 258. 15 . Luighith dna .i. Hith robo lughu na athair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 2. 1 . Daire Fine dā .i. duar ḟine, Cóir Anm. § 68 . Also in parenthetic remarks: Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in nimun sa do Patraic. in Fiac sin dā mac eside meic Ercha now that F. was son of Mac E. Thes. ii 307. 2 . Cf. BDD p. 153. 16 . RC xii 108 § 163 . BB 318 b 34 .

V However ,

(a) in concluding sentences after a preceding concessive secondary clause. Syn. camaiph. cia fudama in firián ní du imnedaib hisin biuth frecndairc sóirfithir dā in céin naili dā (one dā is superfluous, but both positions are allowed) he shall, however, be delivered the other time Ml. 68 d 14 . ciasu du Duaid adfiadar isin titul immeairc són dā Ezechiæ though it is to D. that it is ascribed in the title, it is suitable, however, to E. ib. 72 d 9 . With camaiph: ciasidruburt frit tuas `alter utra'...robói camaiph la arsaidi `altera utra,' Sg. 75 b 2 .

(b) however, but ; the addition introduced by dā is opposed to what precedes: intan conucbad in nél nobíth immun aírc migrabant filii Israhel hisuidiu. intan dā nunanad in nél hísin nogaibtis som dúnad hisuidiu when, however, that cloud used to rest Ml. 83 a 4 . aimrit imorro Dairíne clannmar dō Sanct a siur but her sister S. was prolific Fél. p. 172 § 31 . co fil in firmamint na trénbrat gemnaide im talmain co trí nimib ┐ co trí nime impi. in .vii.mad imorro rocertad i trí nimib. ní hé dō sin sosad aingel this last, however, is not the habitation of the angels Laws i 30. 2 . benaid M. C. a chend dond ala fir ...robói dā infer aile oc élúd ass the other man, however, was fleeing forth, BDD § 157 . issed as cóir...arnáchad-fercaigthersu (sc. frit gilla). manatfercaichther frit gilla dā if, however, you are angry with your servant Mon. Tall. 142. 9 . mani chaithea dā feoil if, however, he does not eat flesh ib. 146. 14 ; ib. 159. 38 . bói N. oga uothras ┐ dobreth láim nargait foair lioa D.; nír uo maith d liaa mac sium this, however, did not please his son RC xii 66. 4 f.b. táinic hEoan cona ritirib co Machaire Conaille co ndernsat airgthi ann. táinic dō Murchadh hua C. cucu but M. came up with them AU ii 192. 12 (v.l. táinic imurro); similarly ib. 192. 17 . Same usage AFM iii 40. 6 ; táinic Iohn...do orccain Dál A. tucc doná C. deabhaidh dosoṁ but C. gave battle to him; 34. 3 (doná); 34. 14 (doná); 110. 3 f.b. (dna); 118. 1 (dna).

VI In a weakened sense with interrogatives. ut quid autem...pro impis mortus est, gl. ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . aut in nomine Pauli babtizati estis? gl. cepu dono adrad dæ do thabirt do Pool in chruth sin, ib. 7 d 16 . omnia enim uestra sunt, gl. ce dono rigne occo. it lib huili, ib. 8 d 15 . cid dā dotbératsu chucci, ScM. § 16 . ní fritsa oI sí rodálusa itir. cid tu dana icim dáil why then TE § 13 Eg. ut est `ar is fo gnímaib midither Dia for duine' cid dono arnáb fo gnímaib no mesemnaighther duine for araile for innus sin, Laws i 48. 24 , cf. ib. 54. 3 f.b. —After concessive cia, cid (like Ger. `auch' in `wer auch komme, was auch erfolge'): cia focherta dā a srúb ar gesce folilsad, BDD § 38 . cipé no ná tic ticfasu fessin, TBC-LL¹ 200 . acht ciat-beram ni andso no tæit nech dḟarcsin maigi Mide, ib. 5018 . gid ed dō but nevertheless Aen. 413 .

VII Various usages.

(a) rofetarsa is foirbthe do hires so. ba toich deit dā ar ba foirbthe hires do máthar, Wb. 29 d 3 . ní fil amain tra Bresi ol sé. ba fír ón dno ní bói acht meth foairi sim ond uair sin, RC xii 70. 14 .

(b) even ? tamquam famulus, gl. rubu fer som muintire maith dā dul humal he had been a man of the household. Good is even (also) a humble position, Wb. 33 a 5 .

(c) aṅgo dā is deithbir daitsiu a Ingceoil, BDD § 80 ; ib. § 90 (twice), § 102 h ; angó dā, § 105 .

(d) intan imorro rofuidi Feinius a dá deiscipul sechtmoget do foglum na nilbérla fon doman Cae dna isé rosiacht co Eigipt, Laws i 20. 7 . I have no further examples of this usage.

dásacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dásacht or dil.ie/14713
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dásachta, dásacht, ndásacht

n ā, f. Madness, fury, panic. g s. dásachta CCath. 786 . d s. dásacht, Wb. 9 b 7 . 28 a 11 . Ml. 34 a 21 . a s. i ndásacht , Ml. 20 b 7 . The noun from which dásacht is probably derived has been lost in Irish. Explained as diṡocht. ní bí i socht. nó dásocht .i. díosacht. ní bí i foisecht acht ó loc do loc iter utmaille ┐ labra, Corm. ad v . It translates Lat. amentia, dementia, furor, rabies.

I Madness, insanity, esp. applied to insanity characterised by wild excitement; also (in animals) rabies, esp. of dogs and bulls. for dásacht mad, insane . dul for dásacht to run mad. rosngab dásacht they have gone mad. duine do chur for dásacht to madden a person. These phrases are used in all senses of dásacht. Often connected with 1 baile, duible, geltacht, míchiall, mire. dásacht nó mire, O'Dav. 628 . aṁail fear baoise nó búainghealtachta lán do dhásacht ┐ do dheirgṁire, TSh. 167.1 . marb imorru do dásacht an Tomrair sin bliadhain si ar nimirt do Bhrénainn miorbhal fair, TFrag. 164. 2 ; 166. 18 . derig a menma mar leoman ar dasacht ac dul fo eallach, RC xix 40. 7 . cuilén con rohailed lais...a dul for duibhle ┐ dásacht uada, FDG 30 (B iv 2). gabait na heilifaint for miri ┐ d.¤ , ZCP i 390. 17 . dam, tarb for dásacht a mad bull, pass.

II The condition of being possessed by a demon, the popular explanation of insanity. tradere huius modi Satanae in interitum carnis ut spiritus salvus sit, gl. aliter is do dásacht asberar a thindnacul sa is tre sodin bid slán á anim som in die domini , Wb. 9 b 7 , where `a thindnacul do dásacht' renders Lat. `tradere Satanae' as in Wb. 28 a 11 : Hymenaeus et Alexander quos tradidi Satanae .i. paenitentiae nó do dásacht. luid demun isin errig...┐ rolín dasacht ┐ mire in ríg cona thimthirigib uli ┐ nolabratís na demna tria nginaib, PH 746 . rothuic Partholon conid demun rochuir in duine for dásacht, PH 1986 . do ṡaigid in apstail arco tíssed do ṡaerad a ingine amal roṡaer in fer bói fri dásacht reme, ib. 1992 . in foirenn roptar cendsa artús rosóitea i lonnus iarum fri hElizár ┐ midset conid for dásacht bói, PH 6563 .

III Imprudence or delusion approaching insanity, madness, extravagant folly; translating amentia, dementia; syn. mí-, dí-chiall. consuetudo est hís...quos in amentiam (gl. i.e. i ndasacht) amaritudo compellit conquæri de Deo , Ml. 20 b 7 . roḟáitbe immorro in pobul cunnail dásacht na foirni se ita a populo sententiae sanioris inrisa (sic leg.) est dementia Todd Lect. v 92 (LB). as mór an ṁíchiall ┐ an dásacht fil forainn bheith as gach tír attír ar fud an doṁain gár marbhadh, TFrag. 160. 6 . is dásacht a ndogníthi si ┐ atbar dásachtaig fén, LB 212 a 10 . is dásacht ┐ ní fellsamdacht, ib. 211 b 12 f.b.

IV Extravagant excitement, wild desire; inspired frenzy, ecstasy; translating furor , Gk. μανία; syn. dreis. eos non proelii necessitate inpelli sed solo furore raptari, gl. .i. ho dasacht, Ml. 34 a 21 . bag a Baccho (sic leg.) .i. ón dassacht, O'Mulc. 117 . bach .i. dreis no d.¤ , O'Dav. 207 . dorn idir dán is dásacht poetic frenzy O'Gr. Cat. 357 . baoi Uilliam Búrc for dásacht ag leanmain an madhma. iadhaid muintir an Chláraigh uime ┐ gabhthar leo é, AFM iii 498. 8 .

V Wild, ungovernable anger, frenzied rage, fury; also a fit or access of such passion; warlike rage . Often connected with such words as 1 ferg, díḟerg, innire, fíchmaire, 1 dechrad, dremun, mire; dísc(i)re, déine, alltacht, borba, garbe.—dreaṁan .i. dásachd mire nó míchiall, O'Cl. gor chreathnaidhtheadar ┐ gor uaṁnaidhtheadar díosgarṡluagh ḟear nÉireann re fúaim a ndeac[h]racht ┐ a ndásacht, TBC-LL¹ 3824 Eg. is annsin lingid dassacht i Piláit then a fit of passion seized P. PH 2818 . tanic Astriages...┐ in uliṡacart aroen fris ┐ demnu oca nimluad ┐ siat for mire ┐ dásacht PH 2160 (cf. II). goro líon dfeircc ┐ dinnire gur bhó súaill ná deachaidh for dásacht, AFM vi 2360.5 . go ngabhann fearg ┐ dásacht an líaigh ris antan bhíos ag diultadh an neith budh maith dhó do ghlacadh, TSh. 229. 15 . dásacht ferga a strengthened ferg: do coṁdhaingnigheadh dásacht tfeirge orm a Dhé, TSh. 116. 28 (= is orumsa choṁnuigheas do dhibhḟearg, Bedel Psalms 88. 8 ). doghabh d.¤ feirge é, Keat. 1064 . cor go bhfillidh an tighearna óna dhásacht feirge ┐ go ttaisbeanuidh grása dhuitsi, Bedel Deuteronomy xiii 17 . dásacht , O'Mulc. 216 , for dásachtach.

VI Harshness, roughness, hardness, inconsiderateness ; the opposite of cennsa, trócaire, trúaige. non parcit medicus ut parcat saevit ut misereatur .i. ní choigleann an líaigh go gcoigleadh. gabhaidh dásacht é go ndearnadh trócaire nó go ngabhadh trúaighe é, TSh. 229. 11 . dásachd roughness HSD.

VII A sudden and excessive feeling of alarm, panic, fear, terror ; often connected with dible, duible, sceóin (a sudden fright), uathbas. go ro memaid do graidib Gaedel scréoin (sic) ┐ sceimnig diallaib ┐ dásacht (v.l. for dophar ┐ for dásacht, Stowe) TBC-LL¹ 3824 . rofostad ésein (sc. Dubdiad) ic dola ar dibla ┐ ar dásacht re huathbas in forgaim sin MR 200. 14 . raghabh dásacht fairenn díobh ┐ aseadh tangattur dionnsoighidh puible Maoilseachlainn. andar leo rab iad a muinntir féin, TFrag. 148. 11 . re mét in deinmni ┐ in dásachta búi forro ic déirgi na cathrach, CCath. 786 . cor cuirset Connachta a nár...┐ con ndechatar drem ar dásacht díb some of them fled in a panic RC xviii 161. 33 . co ndeachadar (na heich) ar d.¤ , SG 68. 12 . ba machtnadh mór ná diccsidís aes uirṁeta ┐ aradha for dreimne ┐ dásacht la coistecht frissna caismertaibh catha, AFM vi 2130. 10 . dairigh me dásacht ghránṁar éigin is pairithis bháis im chnáma sim cheadfadh, Midnight court 949 .

MOD. Obs., but given in most mod. dictionaries : Lhuyd, Coneys, O'R., Dinneen, HSD., Macd.

debuith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. debuith or dil.ie/14851
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: debthi, debtha, déne, deabhaidh, debuith, debaith, debaich, debuid, débaid, debaid, deabhaidh, †debtho, debtha, detba, deabhtha, deabhaidh, deabhadh, debuith, debuid, debaid, debuid, debthi, debtha, deabhtha, debthu, debthi, debtha, debthib, debthaib, deabhthaibh, de-buith, deabhthar, deabhfar

n i, f. Strife, contention .

GENDER: inna debthi (as a p.), Ml. 100 c 7 . debtha déne (g s.) LU 46 b 1 . dochum na debtha, TTr.² 1154 . dogéntar debaid rib ┐ ná fuilngid si hí, LL 303 a 6 .—In Mod.-Ir. f. and m. le dásachtaighe an deabhtha, OCT 52.7-8 . g s. deabhaidh, see below.

INFLEXION: n s. debuith, Wb. 10 a 8 . 28 b 25 . debaith, Rule of A. § 15 v.l. debaich, ACL iii 230 l. 147 . debuid, Wb. 31 d 19 . Expuls. 175 . Rule of A. § 15 v.l. LU 21 a 2 , 4 . Triads § 98 . Ériu iv 216 st 18 (deabuid). O'Mulc. 302 . débaid, FB § 33 . debaid usual Mid.-Ir. spelling, already Ml. 19 c 15 . Mod. deabhaidh (Don.) and deabhadh, O'Gr. Cat. 132. 25 . W.K.—g s. Oir. †debtho; Mid.-Ir. debtha ( deibda, LL 17 a 45 ; detba, O'Mulc. 348 ; deathpa, Celtica xiii 14.268 . dethfa, ACL iii 296 n. 4 ); Mod. deabhtha and deabhaidh (corresp. to n s. deabhadh).—a s. debuith, Rule of A. § 15 . debuid, Wb. 30 b 26 . LU 74 a 17 . debaid (debhaidh), usual Mid.-Ir. spelling; Mod. as n s.d s. debuid, LU 69 a 14 . MacCarthy 178. 4 (LL). Mid.-Ir. debaid; Mod. as n s. ( deabhadh, AFM ii 1046. 20 ).—n p. Oir. †debthi; Mid.-Ir. debtha, TBC-LL¹ 246 . LB 123 a 23 . Laws i 58. 14 . PH 4230. 8394 . deabhtha, AFM vi 2250. 9 . debthu, Ériu iv 162. 21 . Mod. as g s.a p. debthi, Ml. 100 c 7 ; Mid.-Ir. debtha, Bodl. Dinds. 25 . Cog. 116. 18 .— d p. debthib, Wb. 6 b 6 ; Mid.-Ir. debthaib, ML 134. 6 . deabhthaibh, ZCP i 406. 26 .

RHYMES: : mebail, LL 148 b 46 . : mebaid, LL 182 a 25 , 257 b 20 . : Dedaig, 129 a 24 . : fledaib, CRR 30. 6 . : Muredaig, MacCarthy 178. 4 (LL). ceatha, OCU 41. 10 . deabhtha (n p.): treabtha, BB 204 a 50 ( Todd Nenn. 132. 3 ). In Debide: debaid: ail, LL 155 a 5 .

ORIGIN: de-buith, old vn. of di-taa distat, differt ( Ml. 113 a 2 , 117 b 9 ); orig. difference (of opinion). De- probably from dis-, v. s. 1 de, di; cf. 1 dechor. Originally the opposite of com-buith `a being together, companionship.'—By Cormac connected with déde: debaid .i. dede baothi aci nó dede buith oci, Corm. Tr. 59. 5 ; by O'Mulc. traced to Lat. devotio (debuid, pron. devuidh): debuid .i. óndí as deuotio .i. maledictio , l.c. 302 .

I A diversity of opinion or purpose; difference, variance; a dispute or quarrel (arising therefrom), a contention, controversy, often with a notion of vehemence.

(a) in general sense. Frequently in opposition to síd, cáinchomrac, óentu. Synonymous with bara: bara .i. deabhaidh, H 2.15A, 117 b ; betlim: b. .i. deabaid, Dúil Laithne 268 ( Goid. 79 ); cosnam PH 8394 (vide b); dechétfaid : PH 4230 . Hugh Roe 32. 19 (v. b); drenn: d. .i. debaid, H 3.18 p. 422 ; discell: d. .i. debaid .i. ciall dis, O'Mulc. 338 ; dorbcas: d. .i. debaid nó dormaineacht, ib. 330 ; essoentu: fochunn deabtha (sic leg.) nó essoentad, TTr.² 264 . a bráthri...dia mbad oc debaid nó ic essaentaid, PH 4519 ; immargal: less didiu quasi líss .i. debaid nó imargal, Corm. s.v. leasmac (cf. in lite .i. i nimmargail, Ml. 16 b 8 ); mesbaid: in mesbaid .i. in debaid, Ml. 19 c 15 .—It renders Lat. disceptatio, Wb. 6 b 6 (vide b). Lat. discidia, Ml. 100 c 7 (vide b). Lat. lis: non litigosum .i. ní bii debuith do fri nech, Wb. 28 b 25 . seruum Domini non oportet litigare, gl. ní uisse do mug Dæ buith fri debuid to be bent on strife ib. 30 b 26 . líss .i. debaid, Corm. s.v. leasmac . Lat. simultas: depossita simultate, gl. a mba diuscartae in mesbaid .i. in debaid, Ml. 19 c 15 . Lat. rixa: contigit eis rixari, tr. cu tarla deabhaidh etarra Todd Lect. v 75. 16 . Lat. certamen: deabaid certamen, Dúil Laithne 268 ( Goid. 79 ). Lat. dissentio: gleu .i. gle enim graece .i. disentio debaid, O'Mulc. 635 . —debuith fri nech im ní to contend or quarrel with somebody about something, to be at difference or at variance with, &c. ná bíth debuith duún fri nech, Wb. 10 a 8 . robói debuid do Philomóin fri suide, ib. 31 d 19 . abraid ishé bar naithrech debuid fris, Expuls. 175 . atá debuid dún fri Ailill, LU 21 a 2 . bói debaid dia chlaum fri Patraic he had a dispute with P. (or if Stokes' transl. is right, cf. IV.), Trip. 84. 3 . IT ii 212. 2 f.b. ná ferad debaid fri Dia she should not be at variance with God (because of the death of her son) ZCP vi 269 st 2 . dodealuigh ár ngleic gan goin: is deabuidh meic rea ṁáthair 'twas but the difference of a lad with his mother Ériu iv 216 st 18 (proverbial, cf. MR 134. 15 ). immacomarnic dóib débaid do dénam imman curadmir, FB § 33 . — is dóig liumsa debaid dúib ria nimscar, TBC-LL¹ 1805 . co mbaraind debtha LU 106 a 11 . co tláthugud a debtha, ib. 16 . debuid ar do chinn, Triads § 98 . ní ba muine debtha, Tec. Corm. § 19. 20 . comérge debtha the arising of a controversy FB § 29 . debaid do delbad to stir up strife : delbaid d.¤ dúrglaccaib, Ériu iv 108. 9 , cf. ib. 16 . Frequent in the phrase síd cen debuid LU 33 b 39 . RC iv 256. 5 . PH 4355 . 5022 . 8072 . cáinchomrac cen debaid, LU 120 a 11 . lán do dheabhaidh ┐ do dhoghraing, TSh. 185. 4 f.b. PROV. ferr dála iná deabaid, ZCP vi 260. 7 f.b. find cach cóir dub cach ndebaid, ACL iii 229 l. 127 . messam dál debaich, ib. 230 l. 147 .

(b) with the definite article or pl.: an occasion or instance of strife or controversy . futura discidia, gl. inna debthi (a p.). nobetis Ia hIsraheldu iartain, Ml. 100 c 7 . in disceptationibus .i. ná bad i ndebthib, Wb. 6 b 6 . debtha comaithchesa strifes of co-occupancy Laws i 58. 14 . betit debtha ┐ irgala ┐ scandlacha eturru im chomriachtain tossaig, TBC-LL¹ 246 . debtha ┐ cosnuma i naimsir áine, PH 8394 . deabtha buana ZCP viii 195. 17 .—atraig d.¤ a controversy arises : atrachtatar deabhtha ┐ dechétfaidhe etorra, Hugh Roe 32. 19 . d.¤ do thodiuschud to arouse strife : tódúscthar debtha ┐ dechétfaide etarru, PH 4230 . d.¤ do ṡídugud to settle a controversy Acall. 3121 .

II n Act of fighting (fri, for with; im about, Cog. 122. 7 ); an armed conflict, a hostile encounter on land or sea, a combat, a fight; esp. a skirmish as opposed to cath `a regular battle' ( Cog. 116. 18 ).

(a) Often connected with gleo: gleu .i. debaid, O'Mulc. 635 . is mana mórgliad sain ┐ is adbar ṅdegdebtha, TBC-LL¹ 5765 ; with cathugud: ic debhaid ┐ ic c., CCath. 2239 ; with comrac, Laws i 126. 16 .— ar debaid noenlái, LU 44 b 29 . tintái Fergus do debuid fri Coinculainn, LU 69 a 14 (also with for: do d.¤ for muintir Poimp, CCath. 2317 ). Cog. 120. 20 ; 122. 7 . dogéntar debaid rib, LL 303 a 6 . in ed tic do debaid i ndegaid a tairb, CRR 30. 6 . mór a ndíth ón deabhaidh sin, AFM v 1580. 14 . leathtrom deabhtha a disadvantage of conflict Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344. 24 . d.¤ do thabairt to give battle: tucsad d.¤ dóib iman áth, RC xviii 187. 12 . tuc d.¤ dóib, Tig. A. D. 1166 . ní tharat cath ná debaid dóib, SG 411. 4 . cor debtha, id. Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356. 23 . d.¤ do iarraid to seek battle : iarraidh deabhtha ar theaghlach Ṁogha Néid ML 16. 5 . elóatar drem duaislib amach diarraidh debtha RC xviii 274. 10 . deabhaidh deachaibh, BB 34 b 55 . Donnchadh ┐ Maolsechlainn do dheabhadh fri aroile co ttorchrattar coṁthuitim, AFM ii 1046. 20 . a single combat : ar dáig co forgénmáis ár ndís debaid, LU 74 a 17 . bairr debtha, battlements Eg. 158 , Contribb. 182 . caislén debtha a howdah ZCP i 390. 19 . cnoc debtha a fighting-mound CCath. 1748 . dorus debtha a port-hole , ib. 1816 . istad debtha a fighting-place , ib. 1716 . láthar na debtha battle-field : tig A. co nGrecaib co mbátar for láithir na debtha, LL 404 a 52 . stoc debtha a war-trumpet TFrag. 190. 10 .— Laws i 176. 13 ; iii 278. 8 ; v 280. 19 . LU 46 b 1 ( IT i 213. 18 ), 22 . LL 129 a 24 . 289 b 1 f.b. 290 a 31 . Rawl. 106 b 36 . RC v 197 = Oss. iv 288. 1 . IT ii 185 l. 285 (comrocc fri d.¤ níthaig). Misc. 344. 24 . ZCP i 406. 26 .

(b) with the definite article or pl.: a particular fight . berid bare mbrúthmar dochum na debtha co torchratar sochaide...leis, TTr.² 1154 . dorochair Art sin debuid la Fiachra, MacCarthy 178. 4 (LL). slecht Stairn isin debaid la Febail, ib. 146. 5 . na debtha na duinorcuin, LB 123 a 23 (cf. AFM vi 2250. 9 : iomdha a ndeabhtha ┐ a ndunoircne). ML 134. 6 . le déine an deabhtha, OCT 52.8 . Opp. cath: cúicc catha fichet...genmota debhtha besides sundry skirmishes Cog. 116. 18 .—docer re Eochaid i ndebaid Dromma Líathán in the skirmish at D. L. LL 17 b 35 .

III debuid duirn fisticuffs : nárop debaid duirn, LL 148 b 46 . KMMisc. 270. 16 .

IV In a special sense of a married woman: the state or condition of having left her husband or being put away by him; a law-term. Concluded from the foll. passages: lécid in fear a cétmuindtir...┐ dogní neach mac fria iarum ┐ dobeir sim aitherrach ní dlegar iarrad disi. intan bís for deabaid is ann toirchither frisin fear, &c. , if the husband puts his wife away and somebody gets a child with her and the husband takes her back again, then she is not entitled to the fosterage-fee. It is while she is at `debaid' (at variance with her husband and away from him) that she is got with child Laws v 200. 17 . Gormlaith ingen Ḟlaind tanic ar debaid ó Cherball do thig a athar i cinta ind imdergtha tuc Cerball di, LL 52 b 1 ; ib. 13 (of Gormḟlaith who returns to her father after being badly treated by Cerball her husband). This sense arose from I (controversy as a cause of separation). A similar usage FDG 32 : codlais Domnall...atchí fís ┐ aislingthi ┐ ised atchonnairc .i. cuilén con rohailed lais fora glún fésin a dul for debaid uada (the hound gathers the dogs of Ireland and gives battle to Domnall). for d.¤ , which refers to the relations between Domn. and his dog, was misunderstood by the copyists and replaced by `for duible ┐ dásacht' (adopted by O'D.). Cf. also LU 21 a 4 ( IT ii 212. 1 f.b. ): mád nech dít muintir noragad for debuid noanfad limsa co róisced a síd.

V Haste, hurry , only Mod.-Ir. deabhadh maille ribh a Domnaill, O'Gr. Cat. 132. 25 ( Eg. 88, marg. ) ma bhí deabhadh ag teacht ortha go raibh deabhadh ní sa ṁó ag imtheacht ortha, KMMisc. 380. 14 . cuirfead sa deabhadh air ag glúasacht I will hasten his departure Éinín Órdha 41. 8 f.b. —b'ḟéidir nár chás duit deabhadh dhéanaṁ; dein deabhadh! goidé an deabhadh atá ort? (W.K.). The sense-development is strange; probably a contamination of debaid with deibed.

MOD. see Inflexion and V. Sense I preserved in Don.: coingbheochaidh mé ag deabhaidh leat (= Oir. fri) godí go rabh sin déanta I shall keep on worrying you Quiggin Dial. Don. p. 57 ; ib. 18 . and in the common bean an deabhaidh a midwife, Dinneen. In Sc. obs. in all senses.—Hence mod. deabhthar (i.e. deabhfar) adj quick, speedy .

dochor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dochor or dil.ie/17372

 

Forms: dochar, dochur

n Later dochar, dochur, o, m. (cor)

I Disadvantage, hurt, loss, injury, misery . Often in opposition to sochor: dogníu sochor cach thrúaig, dogníu d.¤ cach thriúin, IT i 325.13 . file nach dron dechraighfes sochur, dochur, dílmaine drēcht cech tīre thic, ZCP iv 237.22 . gér mhór na sochair iad sin fa mhó na duaidh ┐ na dochair do bí ar Fionn, SG 258.9 . ni lughuide uís moran dochair orra . . . oir bi tinnius ionnta fen, 3 C 19, 112 vb 10 . slicht Itha fhuilngeas dochar, | dóibh as córa cathughadh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 354.21 . méid na ndochar fuaramar the greatness of our misfortunes, AU iv 146 . nochor ba ghníom dochair dorochair oc Laignib, SG 375.40 . tuctha iatsom fo dochar ┐ dóire, LB 131b35 . da breth . . . leo i ndairi ┐ i ndochur, TTebe 2154 . dofhuabair dochar do chur for a mhnái to injure his wife, Ériu iii 168.3 . gach dochar ┐ gach díth dár himreadh leat every harm and destruction, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 42.5 . is a himut taeb as dochar he it is injurious in many respects, ZCP i 258 § 24 . celmaine dochuir do beith dó an omen of evil to him, 370 § 68. (legal maxim) dofúaslaic fír cech ndochar truth solves every difficulty, Tec. Corm. 56 n. 34 . fuair mor do dhuad ┐ do dochar, TTebe 27 . go ndochar cengail ┐ cuibrighthe fair severely bound and fettered, AFM iii 646.3 . síordhaidheacht na sar-dhochar . . . do bheith ann (viz. in hell), TSh. 6573 . ré dochar do dhéanamh (= ad nocendum), 7534 . cliath a gcosnaimh ar dhochar a námhad, Keat. Poems 464 . mo dhochar cléibhse my anguish of heart, O'Gr. Cat. 582.33 . do dhochar dhub nach dechaid | greim do bhiadh bhó ina mballaib owing to black misery, 439.14 = dhóchais, TD 44.2 . bean do ní mo dhochor woman who causes my misery, Gadelica 242.105 . ní tharraidh Sésair mar soin | don Eoraip fiach a dhochair the payment of his trouble (?), 3 C 12, 241.8 . rugass gan dochar saegalta I gave birth without human pain, Fl. Earls 116.20 . níor léig Día dhó dochar do dhéanamh dhamh, Gen. xxxi 7 . do mharbhus duine óg chum mo dhochair féin I have slain a young man to my hurt, iv 23 .

Note also: rí nar chuir dochar ar dhuais `the king who grudged not a gift', A. Ó Dálaigh v 5 . ní tráth cóir dá ndiultadh dhamh | ní dhiultabh dhóibh tréd dhochar (`owing to your churlishness'), Content. viii 14 .

II In Laws unfair or disadvantageous contract (see Féil. Mhic Néill 158 ): cis lir chuir dochuisin? Nī. A do: sochar ┐ docor, Laws iii 4.6 (docor .i. diubarta, Comm.). dochar ar a findathar gaith dogniat, randtair an diupairt i nde, 6.24 . astad caich ina sochur ┐ ina dochur, 14.2 . imfuich (he impugns) cach ndochur . . . nimfuich cach sochur, 56.20 . co ber breith for dochuru ?, O'D. 1552 ( H 5.15 1a ). fordo-tuigithur docoruib who burdens it with unfavourable contracts (of land), ZCP xiv 373 . is dlighthighe do neoch cor ceilsine ná gach cor ┐ ní cóir d.¤ do ghairm dhe, O'Gr. Cat. 98 .

Note also: araile dochur roboí ó Loígairib ar ind eclais ` tribute ', Misc. Arch. Soc. 142.3 . ? molt feissi cet-dochuir, O'Curry 880 ( H 3.18 394a ). ? is damnughadh do féin itheas ┐ ibheas gan dochar do chorp an Tighearna, Eochairsg. 74.17 (= non dijudicans corpus Domini , 1 Corinth. xi 29 ). Cf. 1 dechor.

do-fil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fil or dil.ie/17640

 

Forms: dofilter

impers. vb. with accus. is (are) coming, is (are) at hand: d.¤ Críst cona soscelu gl. prope est, Wb. 4d29 . ciasberat dofeil laa mbrátha gl. quasi instet dies Domini , 26a1 . tofil fair celiu chucaib sund your companions are coming to you here, LU 1485 (MU). dosfil uli they are all coming, FB § 53 . d.¤ in carpat afhrithisi, TBC-I¹ 1192 . a popa, d.¤ na slūagu dūn the hosts are drawing nigh to us, 1022 . d.¤ Ultu as a ces (chucut, LU), 1716 . tofil in matin n-uairgloin, ZCP viii 418.9 . d.¤ aimser laithe mbratha (leg. aimsir), 195 § 1 . dofuil digail fiadat foraib, Snedg. u. Mac R 13 § 71 . d.¤ éc do Choincholuinn, LL 285b1 . d.¤ deoidh na haidchi, Fianaig. 16.18 . d.¤ sund ingin cach ríg there comes here the daughter of each king, Metr. Dinds. iii 210 . dosfil atuaidh, MacCongl. 5.5 . dochum Cathraigi dodfail unto C. he is coming, Trip.² 2389 . d.¤ for ar tí Tuathal, RC xxiii 420.30 . With redundant inf. pron.: tíag dum' daim | dosfil (dufail, v.l.) in matin m-bánglain, Imr. Brain i 43.22 . apraidh . . . fri firu Erind dosfil dígal mór foruib, RC ix 24.7 . frithalid na firu dosfil far ṅdochum, LL 116b7 . dusfuil ann fath fiarfaige, RC xiv 62.21 . dosfail dar Findabair find, fiallach grinn . . . there comes . . ., AFM i 506 . Pass. as impers.: dofilter chucut ón ríg they are coming to thee from the king, BDD § 7 . dofilter chucaind diar marbad, Anecd. i 4 . is úais nech dofilter sund innocht noble is he who comes here tonight, Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 297 ). In Mid.Ir. occasionally with nom. (in depend. or rel. sentences): dot saerad ó na tigernaighibh diumsacha domfuilet fuirri, CCath. 427 (perh. corrupt). ? atáit na snedha . . . id cholaind, | atait na mila comer | doḟuilet | a Chonaill, IT iii 88 § 102 . is sí ind ráth-sa dosfailet this is the `ráth' where they abide (nosfuilet, dia fuilet, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 130 .

Often approximating in meaning to subst. vb., and in some cases simply an extension of O.Ir. fil: ni sinn rotla ot soillsib . . . dadotfail . . . imbithphein, imbithdorchib since thou art in perpetual pain and darkness (?), SR 1747 . do fuil a adhbhur sin acum ar C., Acall. 3906 . isin t-shechtmad bliadain arna breith don fail he is in his seventh year, TBC-LL¹ 1254 . d.¤ úadaib thair sin chnucc | fert Dodera, Metr. Dinds. iii 228 . gráid cen dlecht . . . d.¤ (dusfuil, v.l.) fair lecht mBreisse the grave of B. is over him, 222 . o shain . . . dofail a hainm úasa her name is upon it, 302 . is dia roimsib retha . . . d.¤ ainm in locha that the lake derives its name, 408 . Common in rel. clauses: in t-íchtar biástaide d.¤ leo fo uiscib, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433 ). cach Temair olchena d.¤ i n-Éire, 50 ( ib. 444 ). is and conclaid Nās a raith ┐ is i a ainm dus fil .i. Nás, 20 ( ib. 316 ). innis dam . . . cia ri d.¤ for Loch Léin, SG 235.34 . ro-sói isin síd . . . condofil i leithríge in tsída, 257.25 .

d.¤ do (of possession) falls to: d.¤ ghnūis as grāto dō, TBC-I¹ 62 (LU).

drettel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drettel or dil.ie/18696

 

n = treitell, q.v. See Loth, RC xxxviii 174 .

(a) darling, pet, favourite: dilicias .i. dretel, Thes. ii 363 (formosum . . . Alexin delicias domini , Ecl. ii 2 ). drettell .i. peta . . . na torc arabí treut na dretell .i. in torc peta, O'Dav. 701 . bíd dretel (v.l.) cach dagthíre, Imr. Brain § 52 . dretel damraide (the Findbennach), IT iii 247.117 (but perh. in meaning (b), cf. dretall .i. trén, 277 ). draetli, milchu, etc., Laws iv 326.12 = dretli—mílchú la echraid, etc., Críth G. 408 (see note).

(b) warrior, champion: caindel ┐ ánle ┐ dretel na huile hAsía, TTr.² 473 . maccaimi ┐ dreittil ┐ láith gaile na nGaedel, LL 273b10 .

As n.pr. m. shecht meic Dreitill Insi Uachtair, Mart. Don. Dec. 22 (p. 345) .

See macdrettel.

1 ecna(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ecna(e) or dil.ie/19605

 

Forms: ecne, æcne, écnæ, ecnae, ecnæ, écna, ecna, egn, eagna, ecni, écnai, ecnai, ecnai, ecna, eagna, ecne, æccne, ecnae, ecnai, egn, æcnu, écnu, æcne, æcni

n io, n. later f., rarely m. nom. ecne Wb. 7c15 . 8b3 . æcne, 8a10 . écnæ, Ml. 51b7 . ecnae O'Mulc. 361 . ecnæ, Ml. 128d9 . écna, SR 7005 (unrimed). (in, ind) ecna , PH 6862.7106 . egn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.18 . (an) eagna , Proverbs viii 1 . voc. a ḟírecnai, Hib. Min. 43.4 . gen. ecni, Sg. 2a2 . écnai (imláin), SR 7038 . ecnai (eruill) 7058 . (in(d)) ecnai , Fél. Feb. 9 . PH 6861 . Lat. Lives 110.6 . ecna, PH 3961 , etc. (na h)eagna , TSh. 1847 , etc. acc. ecne, Wb. 8a14 . æccne, 2a17 . ecnae, Ml. 89c5 . ecnai PH 7103 . egn, Ériu iii 144 § 13 , etc. dat. æcnu, Wb. 8a10 . écnu, SR 7001 . 7025 (: frecru).

I Wisdom, knowledge, enlightenment , used to render Lat. sapientia, and frequently of Divine wisdom or of spiritual knowledge, but also applied to human learning in its widest sense; of acquired knowledge ; rarely intelligence, skill (see ex. fr. ZCP xi 151 below): philosophos .i. grádhuightheoir na heagna, Keat. ii 159 . is huad cach n-ecne (gl. solo sapienti Deo) Wb. 7c15 . aní nad comnactar doíni tria n-ecne ( 1 Corinth. i 25 ) 8a14 . nad fes cid as maith no as olc...manidtarti écnae Dæ, Ml. 51b7 . ind ecna diadai PH 7106 . hi cach ceniul fis ┐ ecni (gl. in omni studio) Sg. 2a2 . éula i fiuss et æcnu (gl. oportet episcopum...esse... doctorem) Wb. 28b23 . multitudo scientiae .i. immad fessa ┐ ecna, PH 6237 . nad imradi ecna na crabad na suith, Ériu vii 138.6 . buith cen æccne (gl. non est intelligens) Wb. 2a17 . tucad roga | do Solum... | da ruc egna d'ardrogain Solomon took wisdom as his choice Ériu iii 144 § 13 . PH 3961 . SR 7005 . o rath ecna ┐ fhatsine PH 3659 . 4490 . tús na heagna omhan Dé (= initium sapientiae timor Domini ) A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 1 . luid do ḟogluim ecnai cusin uasal-epscop (= sapientiam addiscens), Lat. Lives 110.6 . ACL iii 12.5 . sinnsear la fine, feabta la flaith, ecna la heclais, Laws iv 372.1 . secht ngraidh ecna dno docuisin .i. rosai ocus saidh, anruth ocus sruth do aill, ocus fursaintid, etc. 354.22 . imusfreccrat gradha ecna ocus eclasa fri gradha file ocus Féne; acht is ecna mathair cacha dana dib conid as a bais uile hebhait 356.25 . egna gan fhos | fregra abaid gan eolos `wisdom without stability' (of superficial attainments), O'Gr. Cat. 556. 18 . damad derb leis dul go grod | ...ni dingnad egna na modh | ar egla a dul don shaeghul, ZCP vii 301 . go raibhe 'na ollamh i n-eagna agus i n-eolus, Keat. ii 2059 . ná meas m'eagna ar m'óige...is sine ná m'aois m'fhoghluim, Dánfhocail § 114 . éolus...eagna knowledge...knowledge Proverbs xviii 15 . gach uile eagna all wisdom xviii 1 . Cf. iar seanchaidib na gaedilgi annso anuas.iar senchus in ecna imurro so sís, Laws i 34.24 Comm.

Of an erudite work (?): d'ēis a dhēnta sa dhīola | le Dia ag deanamh eissīogha | bhur n-egna dobeir gan bhuil | (a) fir na hegna d'iarroidh `poetry' (acquired knowledge?) ZCP x 267 § 5 = Measgra D. 179 .

pn In epithets: sruaim ṅ-ecnai (of St. Sechnall), Fél. Nov. 27 . sruaim ecna uaigh (St. Cainnech), ACL iii 220.15 . muir n-eccna (St. Colum C.) ZCP viii 197 § 13 .

In the follg. ex. the meaning is apparently understanding, intelligence>skill: anmanda mōr | co n-ecnu ōg clessa combraiss, ZCP xi 151 § 39 = Anecd. i 55.8 , see note on eagnamh and eangnamh in Gadelica i 297 n.1 (cf. ITS xxiv 149 ). Cf. co n-écnu óg, in ref. to Solomon, SR 7001 .

pn Personified: Ecna mac na trí ṅDea ṅDana, Imm. in da Th. 139 ( RC xxvi 30 ). Ergna mac Ecnai, 138 . see also cit. above fr. Laws iv 356 .

II Of persons,adj wise, enlightened ; as subst. a wise man, philosopher, sage: n s. æcne (gl. sapiens) Wb. 9c14 . 8d10 . mainba æcne lib if I be not wise in your opinion 17c10 . is and is ecne et is fissid cách, iar n-etarcnu Crist (gl. in quo sunt omnes thesauri sapientiae et scientiae) 26d25 . cith sui cid espoc cith ecna, Ériu vii 138.6 . is angel is ecna nóeb | cech óen dogní toil ind ríg | IT i 319.13 = LL 284b33 . g s. isnaib inscib...ind aecni words of the sage Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.25 ). n p. nitat æcni huili all are not wise Wb. 8a17 . act rísam nem bimmi æcni et bimmi foirbthi uili, 12c9 . d p. arnaib huilib geintib écnib (gl. Graecis opp. to barbaris) 1b6 . nech di æcnib in domuin 8b4 . Of things: is ecnae ind ord preceuptae se, Ml. 68c9 . Compar.: cenn caich...besa ecna who is wiser than he Laws iv 374.4 (see ZCP xiv 369 ).

1 écndairc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 écndairc or dil.ie/19627

 

adj i

I Absent , opp. to frecndairc: amrad .i. ecnairc rāidh...ni rādh acht is amrādh....i. ni fri nech frecnairc rāidhim nī, ach fri nech ecnairc, H 3.18, 616a (gl. on Amra CC). aisndeis ecndairc indib huilib (tertiae personae) Sg. 161b3 . dég rombu écndaircc dó he was absent from him 148a6 . mairg in iath ecnaircc aerthiar RC xx 44.23 = LU 5b31 . tucfait o teorfégad spirtalla a mmenman na réta ata ecnairce dóib they will understand...the things that are absent LU 36az = RC xxv 248.5 . ēcndairc fri frecndairc, a fault in literary composition, viz. using address and narrative with reference to a single person in the same stanza (cf. faisnéis is agalluimh a n-énrann IGT, Introd. § 2 ), Auraic. 5171 , etc. Cf. Metr. Dinds. iii 54.9 , cited below. nir bu ecnairc (with gl.: .i. ni bu écnaigthid) Hy v 5 ( Thes. ii 327 ) is obscure.

II Absence: écndairc cian ut ille (gl. absenti) Sg. 138a2 . ecṅdairc ocus (gl. quasi absenti) 138a3 . nis n-ecnairc mogha midhiter dire .i. ni mesamnaighann an brethem eneclann...do neoch a n-ecmais a tochusa, Laws iv 378.20 . asbreth fri cechtarde i n-ecndairg araile to each of them separately Ériu iii 137.52 . g s. as attrib.: taiselbad n-ecnairce discovery in absence Laws v 328.24 Comm. aer-aicetal ecnach n-egnairce recitation of a slanderous satire in absence 228.27 . Esp. in formula i n-écnairc (with gen. or absol.) in the absence (of): a n-ecnairc meanman in the absence of full mental powers (of a minor) Laws v 510.5 . i n-aighidh a fir...a n-ecnairc in the presence of her partner ...in his absence ii 380.1 Comm. mad i n-ecnairc; mad i n-a fiadnaise, v 356.28 Comm. athgabail forniatar i n-ecnairc ne[i]ch, ii 124.28 C. éccnairc .i. an aimsir do-cuaidh thort the time which is past O'Cl. seems based on: frecnairc fri hecnairc anois | a lucht imdénma in ḟenchuis, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.9 , but the sense is not well supported.

III In the phr. ar écn(d)airc for the sake of (a common formula in prayer or adjuration). The earlier sense may have been instead of , a not unlikely, development from for the absence of. In: ar éicndirc ma frisaiccid Crist (gl. rogamus vos...per adventum Domini nostri) Wb. 25d24 the sense is doubtful; either = ar é.¤ Crist, ma frissidnaiccid for Christ's sake, if ye expect Him or (even) in His absence, if so be ye expect His coming.Cf. in macc amnas ro dasgāid | Brigtæ ar écnairc a rríg `for her King's sake' Thes. ii 336.2 ( Hy v 35 ); with gl.: .i. ar in rig i tai ecnarcus tabair ní...damsa, olse for the sake of the king who is absent from thee i.e. in whose place thou art (?). a Chríst cotamróither...ar écnairc do gérat, ib. Fél., Ep. 72 (cf. under 2 écndairc). ar écnairc Maicc Maire, 384 , 404 , 526 . arécnairc do martrae, 514 . ar egnarc a croichesium ...ar ecnairc a esergi, Ériu i 122.30 , 32 .

fo-cíallathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-cíallathar or dil.ie/22525
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: foichl-, foichle, foichlide, foichled, foichlid, fuciallathar, -foichlidar, -foichlend, rochlat, daroch[l]ethar, fucheillfea, robar-fachlisem, rofoichlitar, focíaltar, fochlither, focialltar, fonrochled, fotroichleth, -lid, -les, fosrolaic

v protot. stem foichl- (faichl-). ipv. 2 s. foichle, LU 5139 . foichlide, LL 292b42 ( Ériu vi 148 ). ? 3 s. foichled, Ériu xiii 30.28 ; cf. 25.11 ; 30.31 . 2 pl. foichlid Ml. 68a15 . ind. pres. 3 s. fuciallathar, Ml. 114b3 . -foichlidar SR 8050 . (as simple act. verb) -foichlend, LU 2225 ( FA 30 ). 3 pl. nacha rochlat , Wb. 19c15 (subj. ?). subj. pres. 3 s. fo daroch[l]ethar (sic leg. ?), Laws v 400.21 ( SM Facs. 22b ). mani foichlither, Celtica xx 74 § 6 . fut. 3 s. fucheillfea, Ml. 90c15 . pret. and perf. 1 pl. ni robar-fachlisem , LL 112b8 ( ScM. 5 ). 3 pl. na rofoichlitar , LU 2412 ( RC iv 252 ). Pass. pres. s. focíaltar, Wb. 29c4 . subj. pres. s. mani fochlither , LU 8621 . 8702 ( FB 46 , 52 ). ? pl. focialltar, BCrólige § 58 . perf. s. fonrochled, Wb. 19c13 . fotroichleth, Mon. Tall. § 24 . Part. foichlide, q.v. Vn. 1 fochell, q.v.

I

(a) pays heed to, takes care of (for), provides for: gl. curare Ml. 90c15 . (utilitati) procurare 114b3 . foichlid ┐ cosrid hi far cridib aní immefolngi sonartnugud (gl. studete et diligenter curate) 68a15 . amal ṁbís cometid la mmaccu nacharochlat who cannot take care of themselves Wb. 19c15 . fonrochled do airitiu hirisse `we have been cared for [i.e. preserved] to receive the faith' (gl. sub lege ... custodiebamur ... in eam fidem; Sarauw would render `we were predestined to receive the faith' ZCP v 516 , see section (b) below) Wb. 19c13 . doadbadar híc bríg inna persine dodiccfa as mó de focíaltar 29c4 (gl. in adventum Domini nostri, quem ... ostendet ... Rex regum et Dominus dominantium) `dass er noch mehr geehrt wird' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 484 ; `who is the more expected' Thes. See also Sarauw, ZCP v 516 - 7 , and 578 , where Strachan suggests emending `as' to `arim' [then the meaning would be that He may be prepared for the more]. focialltar hi fuile fethe `in woundings heed shall be given to sinews' BCrólige § 58 (with Comm.: urfoichledh ... na roletradh na feithe `let ... [him] take care that he sever not the sinews').

(b) generally with notion of anticipation or expectation, gets ready, prepares for, provides for beforehand: ropo chobair dond Erinn | tichtu Patraicc forochlad, Hy ii 15 (`that had been expected' Thes.; that had been provided for i.e. destined (?); `designed, destined, determined upon', Sarauw, ZCP v 516 ). omna nā tuargaib in sluag ... dobert ... co airm i rrochloth a both to the place where it was provided (destined) that it should be (?) Hy v 70 (Strachan suggests ir-rochleth [< ro-fo-c ...], Thes. ii 344 , see Sarauw, l.c.). fotroichleth-sú ol M. tuccusae comarleccud `what thou sayest has been looked to' (i.e. your objection has been anticipated), Mon. Tall. § 24 . mairg na foichlither frisin dail, YBL 13a44 ( Snedg. u. Mac R § 59 ). udacht fri bás na fothlither tindtú frisin mbith where no return to the world is expected O'Curry 1743 (< 23 Q 6, 31 ). is ferr fochellamar inna cōic dála ... .i. dal fri cneit. dál fri bás (etc.) we had better make ready for Trip. xviii 1 = foichellamor [fochlimar 23 N 10 ] ZCP iii 455.1 . Cf. saithi sacart ... faiclet ifirn re n-olca, Irish Texts iv 37 § 16 . ni robarfachlisem, a ócu we did not prepare for you (are not ready for you) LL 112b6 = ScM. 5 , where Thurn. reads ni [b]farc[h]elsam, following Anecd. v 10.14 (robofaclemur v.l.).

(c) gets (something) ready, provides: co ro[ḟ]ochlitis na Troianna catha opni ar bélaib a cathrach da ndítin ar chuṅgidib ... na ṅGrëc, LL 235a43 ( TTr. 1360 `might take heed to station battalions'). ? is doigh lim foicela fein co ndligi edal ass [sic leg.] you will see to it yourself that you are entitled to (get) gain therefrom (?) RC xliii 14.4 .

(d) esp. of anticipating enemies, dangers, etc., bewares of, is on one's guard against: foichle in fer dotháet ar do chend, LU 5133 . foichlide ... maccu Conaire ar thicfat ... do chath fritsu, Ériu vi 148.53 . fomcialta-sa be on your guard against me RC xxv 346 § 2 . mairg nad foichlend in muintir sin, LU 2225 ( FA 30 ). faichle lat a athair mo tairb-se, Dinds. 66 . mairg anmain na faichledar breisim lai bratha, Ériu iii 30 § 13 (foichligar v.l.). nī faitech int Albanach ... atā nī nad faichlethar, gussu mac Aeda, Anecd. i 3 y . ardailfe fuil laiss ... mani foichlither , LU 5193 . is doḟulachtu in plág thicfa and mine foichligther col-léir RC xii 426 § 10 . mana ḟaiglighther lib si e, forfaidh [leg. fer-] cru dar cuiged C., ZCP viii 538.13 . faichlidh co maith nach meallfa an t-ainspiorat sibh, BNnÉ 55 § 56 .

(Absol. ) ní bhiadh dá bhfoic[h]leadh mar Chonn | gorta i gcuid Eoghain had he taken precautions Content. vi 81 . Cf. mairg ... na frithele nach foichlidar co fooil who does not prepare himself in time (for Judgement Day) (?) SR 8050 . itāt sē mnā donā dlegar comaltrum nā iarrad .i. ben fochialladar i coraib bēl ... `das sich durch Verträge (dagegen) vorsieht' Caratnia § 6 Comm. ( ZCP xv 310 ).

II Appoints, engages, employs (a pers.) (?). fochiallastar (.i. ro tinóil) Echaid formna láech nÉrend co mbátar hi Temraig, LU 10889 = Ériu xii 182 § 13 (-air). O'Dav. 362 (fociallnastar). 986 ; the gloss is an extension of the meaning; see Thurn. ZCP xxii 21 . Possibly the following exx. should come under foichlid, a denom. from 2 fochell: in eclais ... o focolebus (leg. foichlebus ?) espuc no fer legind cuigi amuig `when it employs a bishop ... from without' Laws v 54.12 Comm. letheineclunn in erluma oca mbi in t-aircinneach muna beitht gradha fair féin ┐ muna foichle gradha; dia foichle gradha, eineclunn in ghraidh foichles isead doberar do; cid espocc foichles is einiuclunn in easpuic sin do the erenagh has half the honor price of the patron with whom [ = in whose church] he is, unless he himself is in orders and unless he employs (?) [one in] orders, etc. O'D. 332 ( H 3.17, 257 ) = Laws v 126 Comm . (foithle, -lid, -les; transl. `if he hires'; Atk. suggests ` attends upon, ministers to '). masa grad iss isle nas rofochlestair chuici imuig, eniclann in graid sin do ḟochlestar do no leth-einiclann in erlumha, YBL 197a41 (= Laws v 54 Comm. ). in cathair apstail o bias espoc ┐ fer legind ina hoirchinnecht no a foichlebus ... fer leigind cuigi amuig ... Masa grad is isli inas is oirchindech inti no masa grad is isli nas ro foichlestar cuici ... eniclann in graidsin ro ḟoichlestar cuici ... dō, YBL 197a50 ; 197b3 ( Laws v 56 Comm. See also 126 , 33 ff .) cf. cis forochlastar .i. rosfuc lais (gl. fosrolaic, Hy ii 38 ) which [the devil] carried off Lib. Hymn. i 101 gl. 38 .

1 foirbthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 foirbthe or dil.ie/22949

 

Forms: foirbthea, forbtiu, formbthi, foirfe, foirbthiu, fuirbthium, foirbthea, foirbthiu, foirbthi, foirbthi

adj io-iā (part. of for-fen) n s. foirbthea [sic] Wb. 19a11 . forbtiu, Mon. Tall. § 36 . formbthi, § 35 .; in later lang. frequently written foirfe. Compar.: foirbthiu, Wb. 13d29 . Superl.: fuirbthium, Mon. Tall. § 25 .

Lit. ` finished, completed ,' hence

I

(a) complete, perfect , in moral sense, usually of persons or abstract qualities : ba foirbthea a ires sidi, Wb. 19a11 . nert f.¤ (gl. perfecta virtus) Ml. 35d14 . serc f.¤ , Tur. 32 . d s m. i mbethid noib foirbthiu Ml. 74d9 . d s f. isin frescsin foirbthi , Wb. 6d11 . a p f. foirbthi (gl. perfectas) Ml. 124c4 .

lucht na deṡerci forpthi, LB 168a58 ( PH 3494 ). foirbthi, feidli, SR 4857 . do folsigud a umalloti forbthi, LU 2572 . naemthacht f.¤ , ZCP xiii 179.21 . filedha forbthe finished poets (i.e. masters of their art), Ériu iv 162 § 24 (cf. file neamhfoirbhthe, Content. xxv 6 ). ridire glic forbfe, Fier. 28 . With I N- of subject, quality, etc.: ba foirfe in gach foghluim, Ériu v 78.11 . gurbo foirfe isin scriptuir é, BNnÉ 317 § 3 . forbtha i ffoc[c]hluim gach gaisgidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 222 . fer rob ócc n-aoisi, ┐ roba foirfe i n-eineach ┐ i n-eangnamh, AFM v 1690.13 . Cf. corrop f.¤ cách in operibus ministerii aeclesiae, Wb. 22a10 .

In religious lit. used like NT Gk. ἅγιος in sense religious, holy: oís f.¤ , Wb. 22a13 . comarde oísa foirbthi (gl. sanctos) 22b15 . forcital oísa foirbthi (gl. spiritalibus .i. hominibus perfectis in fide) 8c3 . hua huathad do aís foirbthiu (gl. paucis uirtutis studio praeditis) Ml. 90c11 . dond áos fuirbti, Mon. Tall. § 23 . coic deichnebuir ... do aes foirfe, Lism. L. 2071 . combat foirbthiu ar chách for ṅgnímae (gl. stabiles estote et immobiles abundantes in opere Domini ) Wb. 13d29 . tech sruithi bet fuirbthium hisind tír that are holiest Mon. Tall. § 25 . timmna forbthi in Athar nemda holy (contr. with `accobar anforbthi') LB 132a17 . ba forpthi anoraigthe a lá-sa (of Sunday) 203a51 = Ériu ii 196y . ni co forpthi noscarait, acht is co collaide spiritually ... carnally PH 5802 .

(b) Less frequently, in literal sense, of things: foirbthe ar anfoirbthiu `a perfect (number) for an imperfect ' (gl. decem millia) Wb. 9a10 . aram f.¤ a perfect number Thes. ii 31.25 . āirim anforbthe amal atā a .iii. ... āirim forbthe ut est a sē ... airim ollforbthe ut est a dō dēc, Auraic. 1445 . nuimir foirpti, 3052 . hi foraithmut airmae foirbte inna n-apstal, Stowe M. 65b ( Thes. ii 254 ). fiche bliadhain buanḟoirfe, Content. xxx 11 . Of buildings, hills, etc.: san ráith ḟoirfe, TD 25.2 . learga foirbhthe `smooth slopes' 13.13 . eadrod ┐ sliabh Sióin is iomdha ... beann ḟoirbhthe uathmhar, DDána 20 § 5 . fionnráth ... líoghfhoirfe `perfected in colour' O'Gr. Cat. 474.14 .

(c) of persons and of age ripe, mature, often aged: foirfe ` perfect, also old, ancient, antique, ripe for the grave ' P. O'C. in tan ... robu lan a tricha bliadan ┐ ro siacht a n-aes f.¤ , Trip.² 241 ( ACL iii 12 ) = Anecd. iii 30.23 . foghlaim ad lenph ani ... dodenad tarbhad dhuit anuair do bethea mor no foirbhthe, Ériu v 134 § 82 . na ule dóeni do esergi i fer forbthe fully grown LU 2620 ( RC xxv 244 ). do chéile ní fear foirbhthe `not yet a grown man' GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 455 . ar mbeith 'na mhacamh foirbhthi do [sic leg.] a grown-up youth ITS xvi 100.28 . Of old age: Aedh ... do tesdail a n-ais foirbthi, RC xvii 374 . duine ... robui a n-aoiss foirpthe, Fl. Earls 130.6 .

(d) hence of persons old, aged (a late use, see P. O'C. cited in prec. section): ba foraesta forbthi ... in rigan. TTebe 2749 . Phorfas foirfi, 2650 (= senior Phorbas Theb. vii 253 ). a Dhé nimhe ḟoirbhthe óig ! `aged and yet young' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 5 . atá tu ársaidh foirbhthe liath, Oss. iv 38.9 . atáimsi foirfe agus aosta ..., Joshua xxiii 2 . Of things : drochbhothán ... foirbhthe, TSh. 2721 . as e an tAdhamh sin ... prim-iosdad foirbthiu ... gacha foghalta fine, MR 98.12 . Cf. Flann F.¤ , AU 715 (rendered `Old Flan' in the 17th cent. transl., see n .).

(e) denoting a high degree, of quality, etc.: fuacht foirfe, ZCP xii 389z . cf. a mbeirt fhuarfhoirfe iairn (of armour), Studies 1921, 418 . foirfe an coll `complete is the ruin' 1919, 73 an fíothal foirbhthe `the veriest wretch' Ó Bruad. iii 8 .

n II As abstr. : an ḟoirfe, an ḟoirpe (v.l. oirpe), IGT iv 123 .

Cf. 1 forbaide.

loiscid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. loiscid or dil.ie/30563

 

Forms: loscaid, laiscid

v i In O. Ir. also loscaid. Also laiscid: ro laiscedh go léir liom / muilte ┐ átha Éirionn, Duan. F. i 19.24 .

(a) burns, consumes by fire, lays waste by fire: ar fuilib híairn arul loscas tene arub hithes cú, Thes. ii 249.6 . loiscis in garmain núi, 346.1 ( Hy. v 74 ). amal loiscde gl sicut . . . concremant, Ml. 141b2 . co loscaitir gl. ut . . .urantur, 24c5 . co loisciter gl. aduri, Goid. 69.15 . ro loiscthea úas tentib, Fél. Prol. 39 . dia ro losced Ard Macha, KZ xxxi 255.3 . rotuit in tenid corroloisc hé o mulluch co talmin, Mon. Tall. 157.11 . tech loiscis sraibtine, Laws v 190.16 . cid be [mer] ro loisce etach a cheile co n-aithinde, iii 202.1 Comm . aithgin isini loiscter tre indeithbir torba, iv 250.12 Comm . ro loisced a leth n-úr den taig, Lat. Lives 11.11 . loscid anmand na pectach, LU 2097 ( FA 16 ). ro loiscthe la Manandán (sc. Fuamnach and Sigmall), LU 10707 . lacha ┐ luathaibne / budh roluath loiscfider, ZCP viii 211.x . roloisc Life co ba secht, ACL iii 304 ii § 4 . ro loisc . . . in goba in cheardcha forro, RC xxiv 194.5 . loiscther . . . ó thénntib ┐ o shaignénu na guirt úrai, PH 4241 . loscfid in lasar-sin amal soignén . . . na pecdachu, 3618 . ro loissccedh ┐ ro léirsgriosadh . . . ó bhaile Atha an Riogh . . . go Rinn Mhíl, Hugh Roe² 138.11 . ar áitibh na dteinteadh 'na loisgthí cuirp na n-ard-fhlaitheadh, TSh. 5608 . amhuil loisgthior an féidhliocān bhíos ag foluamhuin timpchioll coinnle, Párl. na mB. 3329 .

(b) Extended applications: ar mbeith dhuit fá leigheas loisgthear thú, gearrthar thú you are cauterised, TSh. 8190. ro loiscit na lama-sa `withered are', RC vi 186.8 . sul loisg . . . aon urchar air a chéile fired (a shot), Rel. Celt. ii 194.10 . do chuir a ghunna ar cloich . . . ┐ do loisg an turchuir, 198.25 . stings, pains acutely : rom loisc dlaī `a wisp has stung me', Fing. R. 912 . in neanntog . . . ni ferr le neach da loiscenn . . . , Tromd. Guaire 473 . bíth cailg ac na beachaibh . . . le cailgid ┐ le loiscid, O'Gr. Cat. 213.25 . loiscis in gaeth mo dhá n-ō, Ériu ii 229.8 .

Fig. (c) burns, inflames, afflicts: (i) trans. loisc gl. ure (renes), Ml. 47a6 . roloisc gl. eloquium Domini usit eum, 123a15 . amal nu lloiscthe gl. quasi recenti peccati memoria peruratur, 32c13 . do loisc an scel sin A. co céstach, 24 P 12, 20.14 . oighidh ríogh rátha Bréanainn / . . . / do loisg sin m'fheoil ┐ m'fhuil, Aithd. D. 6.4 . do loisc Erenncha d'imshnimh, Irish Texts ii 95 § 34 . loisg, a Thighearna, ar ccuirp ┐ ar ccroidhthe le teinidh an Spiorad Náoimh, Parrth. Anma 4174 . (ii) intrans. loisgid na ríngceóirídhe ban lé tine na drúise, 1684 . ? Here: cosmhail re lon, a fhlaith Éile / an t-abhra cóir—cia ar nar loisg?, Aithd. D. 26.33 (`lighting up with love of all').

(d) reviles : romloisc in uair fa lonn leis / tré fheirg, SG 124.z . [mo] bhéal . . . / loisgeas cách, Aithd. D. 70.1 (c) .

Vn. 1 loscud.

mandál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mandál or dil.ie/31528

 

Forms: mandáil

n o, m., and mandáil i, f. (Lat. mandatum `ablutio pedum quae fit in Coena Domini ', Du Cange , cf. John xiii 14 ; see Stokes, Ling. Val. Ir. Ann. 74 , RC vii 364 ). Maundy, the washing of feet (on Holy Thursday): in uair dorinne Sé an mhandáil dá espalaib dia dhardáoin cennlá, Maund. § 28. dia Dardaín dá ndearna manndáil Mac na flatha, IGT Dec. ex. 1102. Dardaoin mandáil Maundy Thursday, ALC ii 333. Dardain mbandal, LB 238 (c) marg. inf. gacha dardáin mandail, BCC § 158. dia Dardaoin mandala, AFM iv 1098.25 .

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