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1 adba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adba or dil.ie/329

 

Forms: adhbha, -aidh, adbad, adhbhadh

n , f. Vn. of *ad-fen (see Lochlann ii 203 ). Later also t, f. adhbha f. (ó dá chéill an tráth téid a réim asda. d s. -aidh. g s. -adh n p. -tha), IGT Decl. § 4 . Also adbad: adhbhadh (: adhbhar), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 5 .

Abode, dwelling place: Beccán . . . hi Cluain aird a adbae, Fél. May 26 . díambá ha.¤ ind a.¤ sin, LU 2458 . robad á.¤ daíscarsluaig, Trip.² 2399 . it adbai do demnaib indsin `these are abodes of the devil', Rule of Tallaght 74 § 42 . a a.¤ bunaid his original home, PH 7302 . isind adbai n-iffernaidi, Ériu ii 142 § 158 . téged cách díb iarom dia adbuid, LB 110b9 . as imdha aitti ┐ a.¤ aili ocon Coimdhi, Lism. L. 3703 . re h-innarba h-anma---in adbaid a n-aigérthar uirre a h-uilc MR 294.2 . i n-adhbhaidh fhalaimh, DDána 17.10 . go hadhba Poil is Pedair, (i.e. Rome), BNnÉ 283.4 .

Of the lairs of animals, etc.: a.¤ ron abode of seals (kenning for the sea), Bruchst. i 65 § 149 ( IT iii 38 § 24 ). ? do berlaib cech mil bladmair / dia n-ergnaib dia n-iladbaib, SR 7264 (could also be referred to 1 adb or 2 adba). a.¤ én, LU 3046 . condaberat leo dia n-adbai (adba, adbaid v.ll.) (locusts carrying away grapes), Ériu ii 192 § 3 . a n-adhpaid con, RC xi 130.38 . i n-a.¤ oss ┐ fíadmíl ┐ sinnach, TBC-LL¹ 5996 . dober-sa cach bó ┐ cach ben díb . . . co aitte ┐ co adbái fadessin, 4757 . gur charas an adhbhadh so tream' oileamhuin uirthe (a stag of the oak in the forest near which he was reared), Celt. Rev. x 136.16 .

Various applications: is a.¤ ega an ni atciam abode of death (i.e. a dangerous place to enter), RC xiv 54 § 66 . iar n-adbai escai .i. rofitir in n-a.¤ i mbí in t-ésca il lo ┐ in grían i n-aidchi RC xxvi 18 § 37 . rop a.¤ sciath ┐ scen, Metr. Dinds. iii 314.5 . Of the grave: in ben mór in Dagda dond / ní duachnid a n-a.¤ and, LU 4140 . a techt i n-hūire a.¤ `the abode of clay' (i.e. the grave), Fianaig. 10.16 . See also under othan. Of the body: inghnadh eagla gum anmain / mo dul as[in] drochadh- phaigh, ZCP xii 367.4 . a ádbai na ndoel (voc.), PH 8256 . iar ndenumh ádbai indat, 8278 (the body to the soul). Of a warrior: adhbha na gcraoiseach, LL 394.29 . an fer bhus adhbha sochaidhe coiseóna féin Righe `rallying-point', ITS v 26.6 . In Laws translated property: amboi (= ambua) adba .i. domo (= doma) seoit, Laws v 182 n.2 . fobith bana.¤ taisic `because female possession reverts', Laws iv 16.24 .i. fon fath is a.¤ dar coir aisec in feraind, 18.12 Comm. In kennings: Adhbha Ír Ireland, TD 19.16 . adhbha . . . chuaine Chuirc Cashel, 5.10 . Of ship: nach raibh aco lóng gan leónadh ná athbha gan fosgla, CF Eg. 22 .

airdam (dom)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdam (dom) or dil.ie/1805
Last Revised: 2019

 

n Variously applied to any extraneous building attached to a larger one, vestibule, porch, etc.; subsidiary church (?) Seanchas 40 . See Petrie, Round Towers p. 434 ff. ; Plummer Bede ii 80 . aurdam .i. ur-dom .i. aur-teagdais .i. fri tegdais anechtair, Corm. Y 24 . dam a uerbo domo .i. tai[r]berim, nō ardam fria gabail, 462 . dertach na damliac na herdamh na fidnemedh, AU i 502.16 . soiscela mor Coluim cille do dubgait . . . as ind iardom iartharach in daimliacc moir Cenannsa, 518.11 (marginal note in MS). ó crois dorais urdoim co Siofoicc (Kells), AFM ii 1118.5 . isin croich craind fil a nirdum na h-eclaisi, LB 158a27 . rocoimhéitt é (sc. corp Fursa) i n-erdomh na heccailse, RC xxv 398 § 17 . —oslaiccidh in erdam do Coluim cilli, ol Adamnan, Anecd. ii 18.11 . erdam orda fris anes (of heaven), LU 1984 ( FA § 5 ). triasín n-erdam n-orda, 2246 ( FA § 31 ). co dorus érdaim imdorais in dúnaid, MacCongl. 87.21 . ar fot . . . na nurdhom ┐ na n-imdhorsi, CCath. 4442 . ro ela P. . . . as cach aurdam i n-araili, BB 443b17 .

ar-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-beir or dil.ie/3976
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airbeirid, arbeir, araber, -airbir, ar-id-beram, arberat, ar-berar, aramberar, arberr, -airberar, arbertar, airberedh, -arbered, -erbirmis, armbertis, arabertis, airbir, arambere, -erbara, -arbera, arambera, -airbera, araroibrea, aramberam, -arbaram, -airbirid, -arbarat, -arberat, armberthar, aramberthar, ar-bertar, arberainn, -airbertha, arberad, -airbertis, -airberthe, -airbéer, -erbæra, -erbera, -erberad, -airbértaís, araruburt, arbert, arrubert, -arbart, -erbart, -arbert, arrubartatar, -arrbartatar, erberdu, airbirthi, erbirthi, aurberta, airbert

v ( air-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 464 - 5 ). Later as simple vb. airbeirid. Indic. pres. 3 s. arbeir, Wb. 10c6 . araber, Ml. 46b7 . -airbir, Laws v 252.11 . 1 pl. ar-id-beram, Sg. 26b2 . 3 pl. arberat, Sg. 198b7 . Pass. sg. ar-berar, Sg. 31a3 . aramberar, 148b13 . arberr, 146a1 . -airberar, 192a1 . Pl. arbertar, Sg. 33a19a . Indic. impf. 3 s. airberedh, RC xvi 60.14 . -arbered, RC x 50 note 2 . 1 pl. -erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . 3 pl. armbertis, Sg. 196b5 . arabertis, Ml. 131d10 . Ipv. 2 s. airbir. Wb. 29a25 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. arambere, Wb. 28c11 . -erbara, LL 14162 . 3 s. -arbera, Ml. 72b26 . arambera, Sg. 192b2 . -airbera, O'Dav. 1092 . With ro: araroibrea, Thes. i 498.2 . 1 pl. aramberam. Sg. 148a1 . -arbaram, Sg. 40a11 . 2 pl. -airbirid, Wb. 11b25 . 3 pl. -arbarat, Wb. 10c1 . -arberat, BColm. 78.28 . Pass. sg. armberthar (leg. aramberthar, edd.), Ml. 53c9 . Pl. co ar-bertar , Ml. 121b3 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arberainn, Trip.² 2106 . 2 s. -airbertha, ZCP iii 29.35 . 3 s. arberad, Mon. Tall. 135.9 . 3 pl. -airbertis, Wb. 10b8 . Pass. sg. -airberthe, Ériu i 114 § 2 .

Fut. 1 s. -airbéer, Wb. 32a20 . 3 s. -erbæra, Ml. 110c2 . -erbera, Ml. 48b12 . Condit. 3 s. -erberad, Ml. 48a5 . 3 pl. -airbértaís, LU 1224 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. araruburt, Ml. 108a2 . ro erberius, Ériu lv 15 . 3 s. arbert, LU 765 (ACC). arrubart, Ml. 21a11 . arrubert, BColm. 84.5 . -arbart, Ml. 36a4 . -erbart, LL 13811 . -arbert, Thr. Ir. Gl. 34.z . 3 pl. arrubartatar, Ml. 34c4 , 91b1 . -arrbartatar, Sg. 40b9 .

Part. erberdu ( d s.), Ml. 97d2 . airbirthi (n p.), 94d1 .

Vbl. of necess. erbirthi, Ml. 98c10 . aurberta, LB 11b17 .

Vn. airbert. IGT Verbs § 83 .

I With biuth (d s. of bith world , see GOI 162 ).

(a) lives: araberat biuth gl. degentibus, Ml. 50d13 . coarbera biuth gl. degeret, 72b26 . forcane ┐ arambere biuth gl. ut scias quomodo oporteat té in domo Dei conuersari `that thou shouldst teach and live', Wb. 28c11 . .xu. bliadnai i n-ardrígu . . . día n-airbereth bith co craibdech, Trip.² 2104 . ro airbir bith fon tsruth trom she lived, LU 3069 . Without biuth: is intib airbirit co anbsaid . . . i rrotaigib anaitreba, LU 2062 ( FA 14 ). ? is medhōn aratairberat inacethraso ciasanechtar foferthar .i. is asa meadhōn airbertnaighit, Anecd. v 24.18 (cf. airberat .i. aitrebat nó impoait quoting this ex. O'Dav. 54 ).

(b) eats: arbeir biuth a mbís for altóir ind ídil, Wb. 10c6 . amal aramberat biuth inna cethrai . . . inna sástu frisacomracat, Ml. 69a19 . intí arbir bith oss nallaid, Mon. Tall. 146.8 . ni cainairbiur dergflatha na finn ┐ niconn airbiur biuth `nor shall I taste food', RC x 226.188 . tug . . . araill dina bolgaib . . . ┐ arus arubairt bid . . . ar adbertadar bid uad na tri cet laech where he ate the three hundred warriors also ate from it, IT ii2 102.y . Without biuth: dia nairbera samuisci . . . .i. mane esadar samuisc `if he eat', O'Dav. 1092 .

(c) uses, employs etc.: arrubartatar biuth gl. freti, Ml. 34c4 . arrubart biuth gl. usus, 35b11 . amal ni airbertis bith gl. non utantur, Wb. 10b8 . conid cumme aramber biuth hua cech rét frissacomraic so that he enjoys equally everything he meets with, Ml. 69a18 . ararubartatar biuth gl. ob perfunctoriam, 97d2 . intan arbir bith in scribtur . . . do deisimbrecht asna psalmaib when Scripture uses an example from the psalms, Hib. Min. 4.128 . nī hinill do crāibdech airbera bith nach cruth la ṡōerbrāth fēin for it is not prudent for a religious that he enjoy his own will in any way, ZCP iii 29.3 . Without biuth practises (of an art etc.): cia dána airbere . . . ? écse, ol sé, RC xiii 442 § 19 . wields (of kingship): ar-robert-side in ríge iar n-ēcaib Airt, Fing. R. 558 ( RC xxv 24 § 7 ). co n-erbara mo rígise fordo ríge, LL 14162 .

II

(a) pleads, makes use of or applies a procedure, etc.(?): tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht `who cannot speak for his own good', Laws v 252.11 . fer a diri ummorro ma arberai tuarusndal, Anecd. iii 23.z . ma ro airberedh a faesam fo cetoir, Laws i 100.2 Comm. ? cain bera do dligedh arbera do turbaid, O'D. 944 (H 3.17, c. 661) (heading of a par. which lays down that notice (tasc) must be given of accidental `turbadha', Plummer MS notes). ? arbert Bassil brathu, LU 765 (ACC). Almost = as-beir in: maro airbeired riu urradh do tabairt leo if they have been told to bring a native freeman with them, Laws i 86.26 Comm. , 88.5 Comm. , 90.3 Comm. , 6 Comm.

(b) a.¤ . . . fri opposes: ni airbéer fritt `I will not reproach thee with it', Wb. 32a20 . ni erbart frit cosindiu I did not oppose you, LL 13811 . munar airbered [.i. imrisin] ris if he has not been opposed(?), Laws i 114.3 Comm.

(c) Gramm. expresses (with A): ciaridberam a céill a pronominibus `though we express their sense by pronouns', Sg. 26b2 . a deilb atreibthig arberar a n-aitherrechthe, 31a3 . arbertar as noéntarmoirciunn .i. aitrebthacha ┐ agnomina gl. ex eadem forma agnomina, 33a19a . atá linn . . . ni asanarbaram dærscugud di neuch di hilib a chenéuil feissin .i. a superlait, 40a11 . arberr chial chesto as indí as difficio, 146a1 . intan aramberar ciall brethre gníma ass, 148b13 . arṁbertis a rrangabáil ḟrecndairc, 196b5 .

(d) subdues, quells(?): nicon ruba dōine, nicon arlaig . . . nicu rarbairt (niconarbairt v.l.) a lighe Lomnae, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88 ). ? dorairned díumus na mborb / ro airbered cech fodord all murmuring was subdued(?), SR 4496 .

comnesam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comnesam or dil.ie/11559

 

Forms: coibnesam, -aim, -om

n (nes(s)am, see 1 nes(s)a)

(a) = comnesa (late use): na curaidh ba coimnesamh doib `next to them', CCath. 5853 . fón fid ba comnessam dóib, CRR 44.3 .

(b) As o-stem ( GOI 233 ). In early lang. usu. as sg., later with collect. force and in pl. The spelling coibnesam, as also no doubt d s. in -aim (if for -aib), due to infl. of coibnius. In PH, Lism. L. etc. often with n s. in -om (-um).

Neighbour (in N.T. sense). Freq. in formula serc Dé ┐ c.¤ (-aim): donimdigid desseirc dé ┐ comnessim in gl. on caritas uestra . . . abundet, etc., Wb. 23b1 . íar seirc Dé ┐ coibnesam, Trip.² 3108 .i. sil Aidaim, 247 . SR 4852 (: ṅglan). serc Dé ┐ in choimnessaim, PH 4605 . Cf. serc do chomnesom (coibnesaim, v.l.), ACL iii 312.15 . serc nDē ┐ coibnessamh, Fl. Earls 218.11 . Note further: nícon tarat athis fora ch.¤ gl. proximum, Ml. 36a1 . ho ch.¤ , ibid. eícndag comnissim gl. detractores, Wb. 1c6 . do gor inna coimnessam, ZCP iii 29.30 . searc do coimnesaim amlut fodēin, 30.5 . di-ar comnesaim, PH 5820 . carait . . . a comnesmu, 5860 . d'ar comnesamaib, 5836 . o-r cómnessmaib, 5812 .

In secular contexts neighbour(s), relative(s), kin(sman): o cach coimnesam di araili, Laws i 8.4 . ? ní tá Conall c.¤ Cormaic, LL 13784 (rhet.). do guin a charat ┐ a choibnesaim ` relation ', TBC-LL² 2457 = coimhneasa, TBC St. 2451 . rochiset a comnesomh, Lism. L. 104 = a c[h]omnestai, Trip.² 161 . a carait ┐ a coibnesam ` kinsfolk ', Grail 1644 . facoibh . . . do coibnesom collaidi = exi de . . . domo patris tui, Lism. L. 656 .

Note also: na cennacha inda(?) c.¤ `in its vicinity', Stair Erc. 1253 .

do-airbir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airbir or dil.ie/17127

 

Forms: tairbrid, nacha[t]tairbir, tairbhir, tairbered, nam-thairbiur, do-m-airbir, do-sn-arbair, do-n-airbir, da-airbir, nos-tairbir, toirbirid, tairbirid, tairbirtis, da-n-airbera, dom-r-airbera, rothairbere, ministoirbhera, nam-tairbēr, toirbheorad, danairberai, thairbireob, tairberfi, tairbirt, conda-r-airbert, do-arbart, d[i]a torpart, rothairbert, tairbiris, toirbiris, rostairbir, rathairbir, rothoirbir, tairbir, thairbir, toirbhir, tairbertsat, thairbhirsead, rotairbirsetar, toirbreadar, thoirbhriodar, du-n-erbarar, nimtharberar, diarberar, doberar, do-airbertar, tairbertar, -tairbertar, du-mm-erberthar, tairbertar, dorairbered, dorarbrad, rotairberead, rotairbhirid, duarbartha-som, rotairberta, tairbert, tairberthae

(* to-air-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 465 ). Later as simple vb. tairbrid, etc. IGT Verbs § 65 . Ipv. 2 s. nacha[t]tairbir, SR 1148 . na tairbhir , BS 34 . 3 s. tairbered, PH 4943 , 5833 . Indic. pres. 1 s. dia nam-thairbiur , SR 844 (syntactically subj.). 2 s. do-m-airbir, YBL 243b10 = RC xxvi 16 . 3 s. do-sn-arbair, SR 89 . do-n-airbir, LL 125b48 = da-airbir, YBL 211b3 . nos-tairbir , ZCP iii 218 . (as denom.) toirbirid, tairbirid, FA § 1 (LU). Impf. 3 pl. tairbirtis, BB 497a8 = IT ii2 103 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. da-n-airbera, Ériu iii 98 . dom-r-airbera, Fél. Ep. 65 . co rothairbere , PH 5976 . ministoirbhera, YBL 140b32 . Fut. 1 s. in nam-tairbēr , ZCP x 45 . toirbheorad, Psalms lxvi 15 . 3 s. danairberai (don-airbera, v.l.), ZCP ix 456 . With b-fut.: 1 s. thairbireob, YBL 157a7 . 2 s. tairberfi, Alex. 91 .

Pret. and perf. 2 s. tairbirt, TBC-I¹ 1213 (or vn.?). 3 s. do rairbert, Trip.² 1009 . conda-r-airbert, TBC-I¹ 1875 . do-arbart, ZCP iii 208 . ? d[i]a torpart, LL 163b34 . rothairbert, BB 417a21 . Later 3 s. tairbiris, Ériu iii 164 = B. Fermoy 143b . toirbiris, Imr. Brain i 65 . rostairbir, SR 1391 . PH 4610 . rathairbir, TBC-LL¹ 3584 . CCath. 5032 . rothoirbir, ZCP vi 25 . dar tairbir , Ériu iv 114 . ó da thairbir , BB 8a36 . do toirbhir , BNnÉ 24 . 3 pl. do tairbertsat , BB 417b20 . do thairbhirsead , Content. vi 102 . rotairbirsetar, MacCongl. 93 . do toirbreadar , Ériu v 88 . do thoirbhriodar , Psalms cix 5 .

Pass. pres. s. amal du-n-erbarar , Ml. 99d1 . nimtharberar, Wb. 9c31 (for subj.?). ? diarberar, LL 118a41 = Ériu vii 6 , where Ed. reads doberar (atnagar, v.l.). pl. do-airbertar (rel.), Wb. 22c10 ; 25c23 . tairbertar, 25c23 . -tairbertar, Mon. Tall. § 10 . Subj. pres. s. du-mm-erberthar, Ml. 49c3 . pl. co tairbertar , Mon. Tall. § 10 . Pret. and perf. s. dorairbered, SR 6362 . dorarbrad, 6922 . rotairberead (as pl.), Alex. 367 . rotairbhirid, CCath. 1762 . pl. duarbartha-som, Ml. 99d1 . rotairberta, BB 432a14 .

Vn. tairbert. Part. tairberthae.

I In lit. sense, bends, bends down, lowers, inclines: amal dunerbarar fidboc hi caimmi, Ml. 99d1 . tairbertar súili fri déicsin maith their eyes are inclined to see good, Wb. 25c23 . rotairberta ruad-rindi . . . fri hathcuma corp red-pointed spears were couched, BB 432a14 . rothairbir a gnuis ri lār, YBL 166a41 . rí dosnarbair iar sessaib | im thalmain co n-ilgessaib who bends (i.e. disposes) (the winds) round the earth, SR 89 . Fig. subdues, abases, subjects: do-airbertar fo réir Dǽ, Wb. 22c10 . nim-tharberar fo chumactu gl. sub nullius redigar potestate, 9c31 . dia namthairbiur fon sósur, SR 844 , cf. 1148 . do thairbir A. Crasmos cenél nemthairberta cósin anall fó chumachta, Alex. 523 . doarbart Mac De . . . cride Guaire fo chi[u]nu, ZCP iii 208 , cf. SG 398 . as sip rotairbir in doman fūm-sa, CCath. 5032 . Alex. 367 . domrairbera m'aite co Críst may my tutor bring (subdue ?) me to Christ, Fél. Ep. 65 . ro[t]tairbirsetar teora mná, uatha ┐ éca ┐ gorta have subdued thee, MacCongl. 93 . tairbirid ┐ trascraid dochum n-iffirnd comtinól n-écrāibdech na mac mallachtan, FA § 1 . Hence Corm. Y 462 : dam a uerbo domo .i. tai[r]berim. As intrans. vb.: rothairbir a fiadnaisi Gearmain bowed down before G., Todd Nenn. 80 . ní thairbireob fon sosur, YBL 157a7 . tairbirtis fria bona na crand, BB 497a8 ( IT ii2 103 ). da (= dia) torpart don áth atúaith when F. descended (?) to the ford, LL 163b34 (see Metr. Dinds. iv 36 ).

II Yields, gives, hands over, surrenders: tairbirid illatu pían n-ecsamail dona maccaib báis, FA § 1 . co ndarairbert Cúchulaind dia araid which C. had handed over to his charioteer (a mantle), TBC-I¹ 1875 . nostairbir assa díb lāmaib (of silver bestowed in charity), ZCP iii 218 . (of hewn trees) ro tarrngid ┐ rotairbhirid for righthibh laech . . . docum in longphuirt dragged and delivered to the camp, CCath. 1762 . ? conúargaib [Pátraic] a láim do chur bachla Íssu fair ┐ nóco rala, acht dorairbert siar don [ḟ]uiniuth fora leth ndeiss knocked it down (?) (of an idol), Trip.² 1009 . tairbiris teora pōg dō, Ériu iii 164 . Imr. Brain i 65 . TBC-LL¹ 3584 (St.). gan scribhna . . . do t[h]oirbhir cāch briathra Dē o Ādhamh go Maoise anuas handed down, Ó Héodhusa 247 . do thoirbhir sé a spiorad gave up the ghost, John xix 30 . dar tairbir [Judas] a t[h]igerna, Ériu iv 114 . With transference of object: rotoirbir do poccaib é, D IV 2, 44 ra 3 . rothoirbir [Sir H.] R. do pōgaibh, ZCP vi 101 . do toirbir do pógaib iat, SG 357 .

III Various: a bhen, nā tairbhir do mac | día na haoine dídine do not bring forth (?), BS 34 . tarbir an t-othar maille [re] na comarthaib co huilide consider (?) (= proderit cuncta signa perpendere), 23 P 10, 14a26 . ó do thairbhirsead a gceart `when they had re-won their rights', Content. vi102 . tréad dár tairbhireadh pian on whom was inflicted, PBocht 27.8 .

2 dobríathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dobríathar or dil.ie/17257

 

Forms: innandobriathar

n ā, f. (1 do + bríathar) adverb (see GOI p. 506 ): briathar ┐ doibriathar . . . verbum adverbium , Auraic. 300 . dobriathar áirme adverb of number, Sg. 71b14 . isin comparait inna dobreithre, 39a29 . foxol ó luc isin dobrethir asberr domo , 216b5 . airis ainm naimsire hisunt a mane ciasu menciu fu dobrethir though it is more frequent adverbially, Ml. 67a4 . ní tuic som dobrethir is indí sin, 51d2 . fri ainm no dobrethir, Sg. 213a15 . dobriathra persandi, 71b8 . anmman dorónta de dobriathraib nouns that have been formed from adverbs, 216a1 . innandobriathar gl. adverbiorum, 39a26 .

doimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doimm or dil.ie/17853

 

adj i poor, destitute, wretched: doim .i. daidhbhir, O'Cl. doim .i. dochnach, Stowe Gl. 97 . ri nach d.¤ dia chlannaib niggardly (?), SR 2649 . claeclother céle la gach n-aindir mad doim hé if he is poor, Marco P. 27 . Daire doimthech .i. domh tech ár bói doidbres ┐ teirce mór re linn, SG ii 463.43 (to be referred to dom?). mad fir-doim . . . dlegair airchisecht de, Mon. Tall. 144 § 46 . cach soim is cech doim, ZCP vi 265 § 26 . doim inti gaibhes in rath ┐ soim inti o ngabur, Laws v 266.18 Comm. turfochruic flathu foceird for doim which he bestows on an indigent person, 264.16 . Domnall inna diaid nir doim, Rawl. 163a4 . minab daidbir doim, BLism. 52b2 . aoinben go doim dochma, Duan. F. i 86.2 . tarrla duine doim dó ac diucaire fo bun croisi a wretched person, ZCP vi 91.x . deibhléan doim dearóil, TSh. 6620 . innmhus beathaighthe bocht nduim | cisde lóin lochta an leathtruim, 3 C 13, 862.17 . dograig domma fri gorta, SR 1419 . itir hsom[o] ┐ domo , Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 93 § 18 . As subst.: mac da duim the son of two paupers, O'Curry 2236 ( Eg. 88, 17 (18)b ).

? dolora

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dolora or dil.ie/18044

 

ind atomrachtatar domo d.¤ decmaingi, ZCP xii 365.18 .

dom, dam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dom, dam or dil.ie/18054
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: daim, doim, domo, domhu, daim

n u, later i Ériu xliii 194 . (Lat. domus? See Celtica i 332 n. 3 ) d s. daim doim. g s. go ruacht clethi na domo , FB § 101 ( ITS ii 126 ). a pl. domhu, AFM ii 734.13 . See Meyer, RC xiv 459 . House, home . Common in phrase dia (etc.) daim home (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 332 ff . ): tiag dum daim (: glain) I go home, Imr. Brain i 43.21 . collá dot daim . . . uaire doromailt do ré go home, LL 246a8 . fusrumat a n-éin remib día ndaim, LU 10567 . fodruim dot daim, Fianaig. 12 § 23 . ? laudate Dominum de cēlis, in fuair do doma | laudate eum in exelcis, ite connoga, ZCP vi 262.3 . In legal formula: ógdiles du Chummin leth ind orpiso i ndoim i nduiniu `half of this heritage belongs to C. in house, in man' (i.e. buildings and tenants?), Ardm. 17b1 ( Thes. ii 239 . 17 ). domairm (= dom airm) .i. teagh na narm, O'Cl. Common in phrase do(i)m, da(i)m liacc stone house, stone church (usually printed as compd.): dāim liacc .i. tegduis cloch, O'Mulc. 333 . is ann fóidit hit daim liac-su, LB 260a68 (of a king's house). More freq. of churches: in dam liag mása tuige slinnedh fuil air . . ., O'D. 916 ( H 3.17 col. 653 ). Imlech Iubhair do losccadh . . . eittir daimhliacc ┐ cloichtheach, AFM ii 874.12 . dá chéd do daoinibh do losccadh isin doimhliacc, 822.15 . Ard Macha do losccad . . . ettir tighibh ┐ domhuliacc, 734.13 . siatt amhail colúmnai in doimhliacc, Aisl. Tond. p. 98 = mur bid colamain fa egluis, p. 125 . As n. loc. quies sancti Ciannaini Daim-liag of Duleek (Co. Meath), Trip. 572 . la Cianan Doim líacc, Fél. Nov. 24 . epscop Doimhliag i mBreghaibh, Gorm. 224 n.

See domgnas.

1 dommae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dommae or dil.ie/18117

 

adj io, iā (cf. doimm) poor, needy: d.¤ .i. di-shommae, Corm. Y 439 . ní conrogab terochraic ho fiur dommu, Ml. 36a32 . frisin d.¤ , ib. in d.¤ (indómae, MS.) gl. inopem, 36c9 . it bithdommai-sidi dǽ gente, 36c14 . dodlomad Eua is Adaim | dograig domma fri gorta, SR 1419 . As subst. inna bochtu ┐ inna dommu the poor and the needy, Ml. 26b19 . itir hsom[o] ┐ domo , Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v 93 § 18 (or from doimm?). ? Compar. doma (dommu, v.l.) sgélaibh, ZCP viii 196 § 23 .

for-comai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-comai or dil.ie/23475

 

Forms: forcmad, fortacomai, fortchomi, forcmi, forcomat, -forcmat, -forcmaid, -forcmatis, -forcmastar, fordomchomaither, forcmaidder, forcmaid

v O.Ir. forms : ipv. 3 s. forcmad, LL 294b15 ( ZCP xi 88.1 ). pres. 3 s. fortacomai, Ml. 29a3 . fortchomi, Sg. 176b2 . ni forcmi , 188a30 . 3 pl. forcomat, 167b1 . -forcmat 157b9 . pres. subj. 2 pl. -forcmaid, Ériu ii 196 . past subj. 3 pl. -forcmatis, Sg. 149a5 . pret. 3 s. -forcmastar, LL 123b7 ( Ériu xii 200 ). Pass. pres. s. fordomchomaither (gl. seruor) Sg. 139b2 . cf. forcmaidder .u. ┐ .o. (gl. manent ... immotabiles) 11a2 . In Mid. Ir. treated as simple vb. forcmaid ; occas. deponent in subj.

(a) keeps (in possession), preserves, retains (always this sense in Glosses) ; in Sg translates Lat. servare. forcmaid epscop B. in port, Trip. 140.7 ( fórcmaid, 1614 ). forcomat nad comraicet `they watch (? keep) what they do not get' [?] Tec. Corm. § 16.87 . flaith forcomat ind naeb ┐ ind ḟíreoin the kingdom [i.e. heaven] which the holy and righteous retain (secure) LL 371a39 (cf. in flaith atcosnait ... in fireoin, ZCP iv 243.25 ). Passing into sense reserves, assigns: forcomo so frissin ferthaigis, LL 289b9 ; `this [duty] I entrust to the major-domo ' Stokes RC xiii 444 (possibly 3rd pers. or subj. 2 s. ?). Cf. also : in forcmaither aes sainretheach don fir midhboth ... ? forcmaither is a special age determined for ? Laws iv 300.9 ( Críth G. § 6 ).

(b) keeps, observes, practises : cf. conforcmat dliged inna ṅdiuite in menicc they often preserve the l w of the simple (words) Sg. 21b14 . forcmad mo briathra, ZCP xi 88.1 . nis cuir bel dilsi dian fir forcmaither express pledges are not forfeit if truth be observed ZCP xii 365.1 . anti forcomh cresene, ZCP iii 452.17 . [nech] nāt forcmai a sōiri (i.e. of the Sabbath), Anecd. iii 23.10 . mani forcmaid (ḟorchomad, forcmad v.l., cf. ACL iii 10 n. 5 ) in domnach ina críchaib córaib, Ériu ii 196 § 10 . nach oen ... forcomedar mo riaguil, Mon. Tall. § 6 (dep. subj.). má forcomathar reacht bánbathisi `if thou observe' O'Gr. Cat. 100.6 . cf. mad forcomathar recht mbān mbathis, H 3.17, c. 520 (misread `forconathach', O'D. 712 ).

marascál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marascál or dil.ie/31567
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m., (AN loan-word Risk 591 ).

(a) a major-domo ; a marshal . marusgal tigi ag iarla o Berbuicc, ZCP vi 25.21 . bollsaire .i. maruscál tighe, Keat. ii 3912. maruscál sluaigh, iii 170 , AFM vi 2060.23 . in marasgal (of Richard, Earl Marshal), AU ii 292.2 . do lathair ardmharuscail na Normainntí, Fl. Earls 20.9 .

(b) a farrier (?): fá leighios eich nó gerráin, ag iarruidh marasgáil mhóiréoluis dhóibh, Mac Aingil 407.10 .

rechtaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rechtaire or dil.ie/34908

 

n io, m.

(a) a steward, bailiff, administrator : in early Irish heroic lit. generally the major-domo of a king or chief who directed his household and whose duties somet. included collecting food-dues or tributes; also used of deputies or governors appointed by a ruler over a city or province. rechtaire .i. rector a rege , Corm. Y 1078 = .i. rechtorairge, Corm. p. 38 . regerent[ur] .i. rechtire forru, Thes. i 497.20 ( Ardm. 179a1 , of Blastus, chamberlain of Herod, Acts xii 20 ). rectire ind ríg, gl. praepositus regis, Wb. 17d13 (a prima manu). rechtaire, gl. villicus, Sg. 156b1 . ond rechtairiu, gl. villico, PCr. 65a3 . rechtaire teglaig Conaire . . . fer conic suide ┐ lige ┐ bíad do chách, BDD 86 ( LU 7184 ). coica rectaire randa lasin flaith, LL 28b38 , cf. rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib (of household of Tara), Ériu iv 124 § 2 . is é ropo primrechtaire fer ṅHerend, LL 165b28 (of Lindgadan, called `rannaire Osraige', Metr. Dinds. iv 218.7 ) = is hé ba rondaire ┐ ba sluagh-rechtaire fer nErenn, Dinds. 119 ( RC xvi 71.28 ). luid rechtaire ríg Bretan do chuinchid chísa grotha (= procurator regis), Lat. Lives 49.7 . Margg . . . rechtaire ríg Fomóre . . . dolluid dochum ṅHerend do thobuch a chísa, LL 160a14 . maoir no rechtuire in rí, Laws ii 94.4 Comm. ro ráidh D. fri a rechtairiu ┐ fri hoes tobaig a chana, MR 16.3 ( FDG 110 ). do ordaich . . . maeru ┐ reachtairedu in cach tir ┐ in cach thuaith (of a Danish conqueror), Cog. 48.12 . batar rechtairea rig Roman . . . for indsip fuinid, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 12 § 1 = reachtuireadha righ an domuin, 14 § 2 (appar. procurators appointed by the Roman emperor). Of officials employed to collect certain imposts or fines: rechtaire Cāna Adomnān, Cáin Ad. § 48 . do rechtairib na cána (i.e. the Cáin Domnaig), Ériu ii 208 § 29 .

In monasteries the prior (dispensator, economus) was somet. called in Irish rechtaire: rechtaire na mBocht, AFM ii 904.4 (i.e. of the Community of Maol Ciaráin Mac Con na mBocht; the translator of the Annals of Clonmacnois a. 1069 alludes to the same person as `the steward of that family').

(b) a judge? reachtaire .i. rí no breitheamh, O'Cl. (perh. an inference from particular exx.).

(c) in late lang. somet. a herd or dairy-farmer : tug x mba fithchead ┐ tarbh ┐ dís rachtaireada ┐ dís bhainrachtaireadha leis, ITS xvi 116 z . Cf. reachtaire `a dairy-man . . . a small farmer who rents a number of milch-cows ', Dinneen ; and: rechtaire .i. rechtorairge, Corm. p. 38 (= rector airge if not a mistake for r.¤ a rege , Corm. Y 1078 ?).

temair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. temair or dil.ie/40480
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Temro, Temrae, Temair, Teamhair

n i, later k, f. g s. Temro, Thes. ii 263.31 . Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 16 § 1 . Temrae, BColm. 72.11 . ? Temair, Metr. Dinds. i 46.1 . IGT § 151 . Latinized Temoria, Thes. ii 259.3 .

(a) any high place, eminence, hill ; in some of these exx. we have to do with a metaphorical use of the placename (e.g. t.¤ feda), EIF 382, 654 , The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 427 : grec rotruaillned and téomora (? Θεώρημα, Θεωρέω, τιμωρέω, , CMCS xv 15 n. 68 ) i.e. conspicio. t.¤ din cach loch (locc, Y) ba hurgna decsin iter mhag ┐ tech ut diciter t.¤ na duath .i. grianan no tulach. t.¤ in tige .i. grianan, Corm. 42 . a verbo Greco temoro .i. conspicio. úair is t.¤ ainm do cech inad asnid soirb fegad radairc. unde dicitur t.¤ na tuathe t.¤ in tige, LL 159a9 . t.¤ cech n-ard cech n-irgna | ... | t.¤ cech mbennach mbirda | acht mad Emain, Metr. Dinds. i 10.65 . omnis locus conspicuus et emineus sive in campo sive in domo sive in quocumque loco sit, vocabulo quod dicitur t.¤ nominari potest ... ut dicitur t.¤ na tuaithi et in toighi ..., RC xv 278 § 4 . doglinn glasaib temrach .i. tinóltar é a glaisinib na tulach, t.¤ tulach da reir sin, O'Dav. 616. for t.¤ ┐ dingna na cathrach, TTr.² 205 . ? dianforba t.¤ telchaind, IT iii 17.15 . in t.¤ feda, crann is áirde bís isin fídh eside, H 5.15, 28a ( O'D. 1676 ). temhair .i. gruaidh, ut est niam temra rosa .i. is í t.¤ th'aighthi do gruaidh, O'Dav. 1546. Cf. Ériu xiii 14.13 . ? To this: teamair .i. aibhinn, Stowe Gl. 126 = Lec. Gl. 27 , 191 . See túaithebair.

(b) n. loc. Tara in Co. Meath. See Metr. Dinds. i 1 - 45 , Rennes Dinds., RC xv 277 ff. T.¤ .i. te múr múr Téa ingine Lúgdach maic hItha, Corm. 42 . ac Tea móir ingin Lugdech | ...conad uaithi atá T.¤ , Metr. Dinds. i 4.36 . According to Met. Dinds. originally called T.¤ Breg: T.¤ Breg, cid ní diatá | ... | cuin do dedail frisin mbruig | cuin robo T. T.? `when did the place come to be called T. (instead of T.B.)' (notes), i 2.1 . But the opposite seems implied in: T.¤ diatá T.¤ Breg, i 20.105 . óclach do thuaith Temra Breag, Acall. 2001 . T.¤ tuathi ┐ tigi | ... | mathair anai cech fhine, Metr. Dinds. i 10.69 . lengait Temuir, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 29 (temraig, v.l.). seach Theamair, BDD² 174 . co Temraig, Thes. ii 354.8 . doirrseóir Temra, Corm. 28 Milgitan. feis Temra, IT i 118.26 . bid fās tír Temrach túae, Thes. ii 314.3 . go rabus ag impod na Temrach, Laws i 6.14 . o Themuir, Thes. ii 241.5 . día tíagad do Th.¤ , BDD² 155 . hi Temraig, Thes. ii 307.7 . co Teamraig na Righ, CF 519 . dessel Temra, RC xv 284 § 38 . Saltair Temrach, Metr. Dinds. i 14.10 .

Also in other nn. loc.: i T.¤ Chualṅge, TBC-LL¹ 1492 . Teamhar hEirionn, CF Eg. 198 . T.¤ Érna, IGT Decl. ex. 2160 . T.¤ Lochrae, LU 6928 (BDD). T.¤ Luachra, RC xv 444 § 50 . tangadar co T.¤ Luachra, Acall. 5629 . ó Theamhar Luachra Deagha, CF Eg. 65 . See Hog. Onom. As name of an Ogam letter: aicme huatha: hOchae, Dindrigh, T.¤, Cerae, Quorann (Dinnogam), Auraic. 5689 . As n.pr. (of a woman) : Teamhair, inghean Ui Mhuirgheasa, Hy Fiach. 120.11 .

toísech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toísech or dil.ie/41302
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: toísegu, toísigiu, taesca, taísce, túsga, táoiseach, tóiseach, túiseach, túiseach, tóiseach, taíseach

adj. and subst.

I adj. o,ā first, former: isind epistil tóisich, Wb. 14d1 . fon dul toisech, 10b20 . is hires as toisech hi suidib, Ml. 14c6 . forsind í toisech `on the first i,' Sg. 7b5 . ind .a. toisech `the initial a,' 136a2 . huanaib herchoiltib tóisechaib, 199b11 . aire túise, cid ara n-eperr? arindí as t.¤ a ceníul leading , Críth G. 386 . ont shanais taisig rosairg, Ériu ix 67.31 . co n-aprai in bolcum tōisech frisin mbolcum ndédenach, MacCongl. 101.13 . o gein tuiseach Edaíne ... cosin ngein déigenach, Ériu xii 156.20 . is in ais tuisigh ... is in ais medhonaigh, Laws ii 186.13 Comm. eter dered ind raind toesig ... ┐ tossach ind raind tan[aisi], Auraic. 5369 . for láim chlí ind óclaig thoesig tánic issin tulaig, TBC-LL¹ 5197 . in tan túisech beres soillsi grene cecha bliadna cetchoscor do dorcha na haidche, PH 3515 . Slíab Sobail ... ainm t.¤ (: nóisech) in tṡen-ṡléibe, Metr. Dinds. iii 116.96 . acht na ndenaid min-ughdair fri dereadh in domain ar thucait a nderscnaighthi seach na n-ughdaru toisseacha `the former authors,' Auraic. 59 . ro slecht didiu G. iarsin co ro soethe ana gne toisech ` former ,' RC xlvi 239.25 . frisin láithi toisech do mi Febra, Marco P. 85 . Cf. tuisiuch a rainnside a trí `it is to be divided in the first place,' Laws ii 140.12 Comm. is denam for tuisech an deidenach, i 172.32 Comm.

As adv. preceding a verb: is aice toisech tucad chuing for muinelaib dam do feraib Erenn, Ériu xii 178.19 (TE). iss é taeisech rosía taisselbad chugut-sa it is it which will first come to be exhibited to thee, BColm. 92.20 . íar fairind ... comad hé tósech nóadhrad Fursa, 96.21 . dénaid tindenus co rop sib toisech innises bethaid do'n doman, PH 3413 . co mad i nGalilee toisech atcifitís a apstail Ísu iar n-esergi, 3415 . conidh he toissech roscrib i taiblibh, Auraic. 44 . rocreit conid hé toisech rogab creidim, Lat. Lives 3.13 .

Compar. toísegu, toísigiu. Later taesca, taísce, túsga.

(a) prior; first in importance: ni airegdu a persansom oldaas persan na nabstal olchene ceto thóisegu i n-iriss, Wb. 18d14 . air is toisechu anisiu indaas andabeirsom ar thuus, Ml. 47a14 . amal as toisegiu grían indáas laithe ... síc is toissigiu gein maicc hua athair re cech dúil, 85b11 . bái ni bud toisigu dún andás biath do dénam duit, Trip. 10.16 . aire tuise .i. tuisechu i n-urd ... he, Laws v 24.27 Comm. mar as tusca ... gach ni foirfi na gac ni nemhfoirfi superior , Ir. Astr. Tr. 66.16 . os é in credem oibriugud is túsca dib, PH 7813 . dán órdha ní hé do ní | cosnamh gach cúise adeirthí | as taosga i dtealaigh na bhFionn | acht leabhair aosda Éirionn, Content. vii 12.

(b) first in point of time, sooner: cid toisigiu doberthar ind ḟochaid, Ml. 19b11 . aris is toiseghv rocet in coecatmad psalm, Hib. Min. 6.199 . is toisichv rocet pusillus eram, 10.z . is tōisechu mac et athair oldās úa, Corm. Y 1277 . táisechu ro-síacht Cú Chulainn co hEmain, MU² 151 . masa tuisecha ro deirged a lam ... inna ro tsennestar in cin air, Laws iii 110.18 Comm. taoisechu mes in ratha, O'D. 519 ( H 3.17, col. 421 ). uair taoisiocha so ionás écc E. `this was before the death of E.', TFrag. 226.17 . ní miad lim-sa diam túscu dó icond áth ná dam-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1879 . táisgi rainic CuChulainn mara roibi Orlam ina'n gilla, ZCP viii 540.19 . táisce mo bás cen deibe | ná le nech eile laige, SG 61.13 . tuscu Conall anda Corc, LL 145a32 . sinni ba toisciu ca thocht, LL 206b46 . an inbuid is tusca beg ro gabhadh in athgabail ina táinic in foesum, Laws ii 110.26 Comm. cuairteocha mé in domun ag iaraidh mo dhalta, muna faghar nísa tusca é, ZCP vi 91.8 . gach ni as deigmacha bis annsa comtsuigigud is e as tusca bis annsa disgailedh, RC xlix 12.y . gurabh taesca do ghabhais féin geill treinfer Eirenn 'na do ghabh ri in domhain a n-gheill, CF 216 . gein as taosga (: aosda) do thuair gnaoi, PBocht 27.5 . fa taosca sin ioná Cairbre Riada do mharthain, Keat. ii 3685 . go madh taosga deigh-fhreagra ōn rīgh ag breith orra nō M. do thernodh tar a aiss, Fl. Earls 22.26 . ní bhfuil peacadh air bioth is taosga `more ancient,' Donlevy 156.7 . As abstract noun: munbadh a thúscc ro gonadh an presidens, AFM vi 2114.23 . In phr. mar as t.¤ as soon as: mar as taisce adchonnairc, grádhaighes iat, Imr. Brain 62 13 . tabair do briathar damsa, maras taosga ticfair an Erinn, nach lecfer oirisim na comnaide doibh, IT ii2 124.68 . mar is túsga théid an t-anam ar neamh ┐ is léir dhó lonnradh an lóchrainn diadha `as soon as,' TSh. 5086 . mar is túsga do-bheir an diabhal an duine aontuigheas don olc ar chumas an pheacaidh, 7345 .

(c) sooner in preference; rather: toisechu bia marb oldas bia meirb, PRIA xix C 546 § 8 . doberim mo breithir ... conad taesca no ebelaind ... na doberaind poic duit, RC xxiv 198.6 . gorab túsca bas im belaibhsi innas mo bheth ... im senoir ic foglaim foghnamha do duine aili, CCath. 5529 . bá cora comland do chur rimsa ní bad thaisci (tasca, v.l.) ina torchair do rigaib ... adraind cosaníu, TTebe 4431 . is tusca no-berad in t-errandus bud mo dia rige ┐ flaithius doib oldas in cend-sin, PH 906 . is taisce atbél iná-s dogén do diultad-sa, 3014 . is taisce doloiscfedh a ingin ana doberadh do S. hi, Marco P. 30 . taosga as dúthchas d'aicme Ír ... cuige Uladh ... ionás Luachair, Content. v 115 . is túsca no fuicfind-si Ere inás do ghénaind fell for ma dhaltadaib fesin, MR 12.16 . bheith toiltionach air bhás d'fulang níos taoisge iona chuirfheadh fearg air, Donlevy 54.24 . imdhighsi ni sa thaósga do chum na gceannuightheadh, Matthew xxv 9.

Superl.: is ed trede as toisechem do duiniu gl. quae inter reliqua uictui necesaria primum obtinent locum, Ml. 20d2 . tóisigem gl. primus, Sg. 42a3 .

II As subst. o, m. táoiseach, tóiseach, túiseach, IGT Decl. § 11 (54.29) ; túiseach, tóiseach, taíseach, § 104 .

(a) first, first-mentioned thing or person. honaib toisechaib gl. prioribus, Ml. 56b22 . essu rubu thoisech hi suidiu, 63b5 . ūr .i. cach (sic leg.) tūisech ┐ īar cach ndēigenach, Corm. Y 1291 . nád aithgainethar a t.¤ first mentioned, Críth G. 564 . cérba tróm in tóisech, i[s] sechttruma in dédenach, MacCongl. 61.16 . lethfiach don tuisech lanod `half fine due to the first man of full privilege,' Laws iii 136.y Comm.

(b) leader, chief: hore rombu thoissech na fectae, Wb. 33a20 . ban chossmaili friar tuissech, 33b20 . amal bid nach toisech corpthae dudfessed, Ml. 78b14 . Iob ba dicerta crich | toisech míltnechta Dauid, SR 6594 . tóisech int sluaig, 4797 . snáidsiunn Moysi degthóisech, Thes. ii 300.9 . tóisech inna mban, Imr. Brain 31.7 . acht atndaimet do thóisiuch ┐ aurlabraid remib, Críth G. 279 . im dán toísig nó thánaisi, 322 . cach buden immá túsech, LU 8103 (FB). na tōisig fot smacht | cidat nōisig neirt, KMMisc. 268 § 41 . cach buiden imma tuisech, TBC-LL¹ 459 . ech cach tóisich, BColm. 94.10 . Aengus bá toiseach doib uili, Ériu xii 142.21 . tuisech cacha fine, Laws v 438.25 . cach tōisich a thulach, ACL iii 226.6 . tuatha cen taisechu, TTebe 3049 . ité ... in cóica ingen ...: isī a tāisech fil sunn for mo leathlāim-sea .i. Deichtir, ZCP v 502.3 . a thaisechu iffirn, PH 3868 . do thúisigh uile is t'uirrígh, DDána 74.16 . tréit ┐ taisig tretil, Cog. 160.7 . rug a craísech chraebh n-úaine | taísech úaine a táebh thóire, IGT Decl. ex. 1205 . Of rulers of peoples or territories: toesech na nDubgennti, AU i 366.1 . Cerran mac Colman tosech cenel Maelche, 428.6 . toisech Mesopotamia, SR 5284 . ro boí toisech Ua Conaing and, LU 3110 . tōsig Thūath Bíd, MacCongl. 83.20 . With following gen. of description; t.¤ céit centurion: doronadh iarsin tuiseach cett ic Cesair deisiom, CCath. 3554 . t.¤ celebarta head of the canonical offices, cantor Ríocht na Midhe viii 8 : sacart, ┐ toiseach ceileabhartha Cluana mic Nóis, AFM II 764.18 . t.¤ cethrair quadrumvir: taisech cetráir gl. quadrum uir, Ir. Gl. 400 . t.¤ cóicir quintumvir: taisech cuigir gl. quinctum uir, Ir. Gl. 401 . t.¤ conaire guide: tarsna beilghibh rotioncoisccset a thoisigh conaire dhó, Hugh Roe 86.7 . t.¤ imgona battle chief: ba tóisech imghona la Cublay esium, Marco P. 128 . t.¤ na macc léiginn master of the novices Ríocht na Midhe viii 8 : [in] dā toīsech c[e]lebar(ta ocus toīsech na mac lēgind) do muntir Cenannsa, Notitiæ as Leabhar Cheanannais 20.11 . toīsech na macc lēgind .i. Ōengus Ūa Gamna, 30.10 . t.¤ na scolóc the head of the novices (?) Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 , Peritia i 314 : toisech na scoloc, Misc. Arch. Soc. i 140.y . t.¤ teglaig chief of the household, major-domo : taiseach teglaig, Dinds. 149 . co rob e ba taisech teglaich ac Meidb, Ériu ii 182.14 . Cf. is iomdha ardtaoiseach do bhíodh ... ar an bhFéin, mar atá ... taoiseach caogaid amhail bhíos lieutenant ┐ taoiseach trí naonbhar amhail bhíos corporal, ┐ taoiseach naonbhair amhail bhíodh decurio ag an Rómhánach, Keat. ii 5164 - 69 .

Compd. ¤aire chief noble: airech tóisechaire, Sg. 50a26 . ¤gein first-born one: dliged in tuīsechgeine (gl. primgene), CB 162 § 43 gl. 1 .