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2 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 a or dil.ie/3

Forms: á, e, a, a

In O.Ir. also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ), e ( Thurn. Gramm. 285 ). Poss. adj. (proclitic form of , q.v.) of 3 s. m. and n. (leniting), 3 s. f. (geminating) and 3 pl. of all genders (nasal- ising). When a numeral intervenes between poss. and noun the usage fluctuates. The older is represented by a nda ara. LU 4729 , the later by a da nduma, LL 1541 , where the initial of the noun is mutated independently of the numeral. The poss. of the third person is also used in combinations such as adám my two, adád your two, adár our two. Similarly with trí. See Ériu xi 146 ff. and the numerals , trí.

For the forms in combination with prepositions see the several prepositions.

I Denoting possession, ownership, relationship, connection, etc.

(a) a thuaithe of his folk, Wb. 5a23 . a bullu `His members', 9d4 . a chnámi, 4d15 . á luum `their pilot', 4a14 . irroimed cách a chéele, 6d4 (see céile). ní diá geneluch, Trip.² 78 . a hétach her clothes, TBFr. 232 . a mmod ┐ a fit `her portion', Mon. Tall. 149.14 (§ 60) . inna mbossán LU 3231 ( SC § 2 ). al-lorga ┐ a mbachla their croziers, PH 5103 . gan fios a gcéille, Donl. vi 9 . co cend a seacht mbliadan till he was seven, ZCP xi 134. 31 .

With adjj. used substantivally. iss é a fír `that is the truth of it', BColm. 100.7 . ēill ngēisi . . . cia de bud ferr la hUltu a mbeō na a mmarb do brith dōib, TBC² 692 (perh. to be referred to II). bit lía a mairb and andat a mbí, LU 8266 ( FB 21 ).

(b) With copula in relative clauses expressing genitival relation ( Thurn. Gramm. 321 - 2 ). Cf. issa gl. quorum, Ml. 90c3 . intí asa ainm bís isnaib titlaib, 2c3 . Tenobi ata (= ata a) scél ro-c[h]lotha `of Tenobius whose tidings have been heard', Fél. Aug. 24 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . bennachais in ríg bá (= ba a) gaisced he blessed the king whose armour it was, LU 5048 (TBC). an mhaighden-so 'sa hainm an Tnūith this maiden whose name is envy, Desid. 1652 . Occasionally also with intervening adj.: na féle assa fortrén taitnem `of the feasts whose radiance is mighty', Fél. Prol. 330 . ata (= ata a) n-aidbli bríga `whose vigours are vast', Ep. 34. nocon ḟetar cúich in Cu/Culaind asa caini clú, LU 4561 (TBC). Note also: a bronnad aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (of a mill), Críth Gabl. 240 , ( Thurn. Gramm. 322 ).

With dat. of accompaniment, a oenur, a ndíis, a triur etc., see these words. On the construction tá sé ina ríg see Dillon ZCP xvii 307 ff. and prep. i.

(c) With nouns indicating quantity, portion (of something), likeness, etc. (for fuller treatment see the nouns concerned): ni ro-pheccaig . . . a becc in the smallest degree, PH 2622 . a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh, TSh. 3751 . denum-ne a choibes ┐ a macsamla, PH 119 . a thri chomméit three times as much, LU 8248 ( FB 19 ). nochon accasa riam a chutrumma anything to equal it, TBFr. 50 . ní áirmhim a leth nó a thrían gach a fúaras ó sin siar, ZCP viii 220 § 22 . tria tharmcruth- ugud a letheti `the like of it', PH 3091 . ara lin do gablaibh i fodlait(h)er grā[d] túa[i]the, Críth Gablach 4 . is e a mét ro-s-lín oman, PH 1121 . a shamail-seo do clochad, 7328 . dā dabaigh décc do lionn maith/a thrí urdāil do deghbraith, ZCP viii 116.1. i n-urmhōr the greater part of them, ML². 1825 . So also with adjj. compounded with com- e.g. a chomglan so, Maund. 22 .

II As objective gen. with vnn. of transitive verbs: á híc `his salvation' (that he has been saved), Wb. 2b11 . a marbad `killing them', 4a12 . ní arilset geinti a fírianugud, `the gen- tiles have not deserved to be justified' 4d10 . a chomalnad `to fulfil it', 5d10 . ma ad-ced torbe inna thec[h]t `if ye should see benefit in its going' (i.e. in so going), 11b22 . a bronnad, Críth Gabl. 240 . a indarpae `he must be banished', Mon. Tall. 147.32 (§ 54). dénam-ne an degaithris, let us worthily imitate them, ZCP viii 216.15 . dutracht lim a nguidhe I wish to pray to them, Ériu i 226. § 1 . ro-gab Petar uad-som a chairiugud Peter accepted his reproval (of himself) from him, PH 5892 . ada fis . . . araen . . . ada nanfis . . . imaraen, the knowledge . . . ignorance of both of them, Laws iii 276.18 . Hence in construction OC + vn.: occá sirḟegad imme anair, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). aga thabhairt fo dera coimhéud na bochtaine, RSClára 41a .

With DO introducing agent: massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi `the knowledge of it that ye have', Wb. 19b11 . act cuit a scribint domsa, 13a23 . ní fitir nech díb for araile a n-imch- ossait do Bricrind, LU 8251 ( FB 20 ). in pendit nopeinebad ind laoch . . . a denam do a mac tar a cend, Mon. Tall. 163.17 (§ 86) . With LA: ro aduim Sinoip a claí la hErcuil `that she had been defeated', St. Ercuil 1138 . With ó: ro-p áil dó a aimsiugud o diabul, PH 2020 .

With other nouns (with wide variation in the force of the poss.): a lóg the reward for it, Wb. 5d35 . a lúach soin don rí ní rug, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . ricfaither a les do gille, Sc.M² § 7 (see less). dommanic amh a hadbur cause for it, Ériu v 72.15 . go dtugsad a rige do D. they gave the kingship of it to D., Ériu i 102 § 60 . bid lia turim a chath the combat for him, Sc.M² § 3 . nī cōir a chuma to grieve for him, Arch. iii 221.24 . a húamun fear of him, ZCP viii 218 § 20 . co naca fir Erenn . . . a reir uaimsea so that the men of Ireland may see me submitting to him, Ériu v 240.132 . d'fulair a grádh ar hIrúath by imposing love for herself on Herod, Ériu iv 178 § 29 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh `that he would rather be on peaceful than on hostile terms with them', St. Ercuil 1859 . a aitherrach sin do fregra, Maund. 27 . aenduini nach fuair a soludh who did not profit by him, CCath. 1188 . pontifex a grēc p. is the Greek for it, ZCP viii 113.25 .

As subjective gen. with vnn. of intrans. vbs.: á buid `that it is', Wb. 11d3 . a mbith samlaid, Laws iv 212.2 . a éc he died, Ann. Inisf. 1075.2 . a ndul coríg Locha Léin that they should go, ZCP viii 316.7 . in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath, PH 1317 .

III In prolepsis.

(a) With follg. noun in gen. a dénum in maid sin, Wb. 1d7 . a masse in choirp `its, the body's, beauty', 28c25 . a n-athir inna fer, 4c1 . a ndírmann / in tríir imrádam, Fél. Oct. 11 . a cathim na raod sin, Mon. Tall. 132.22 (§ 13) . a n-andord mac n-Usnig, IT i 72.4 . dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256 . romórad dano a ainm Dé ┐ Colmáin, BColm. 54.6 .

Later also with nom.: nipa mor a glanad deitsiu ind chomairle dobeir Findio deit, Mon. Tall. 154.5 (§ 67) . mairg dá dtig a seac[h]na so / an teaghdhais i dtá Íosa, Dán Dé v 31 . a innisin . . . na hoibreacha, RS Clára 19a . With follg. DI (partitive): a foróil bess lib dinaib anib, Wb. 16c22 . is mór a thorbe de dúnni, 1a3 .

(b) With abstract noun forming adverbial phrase modify- ing verb of follg. rel. clause: is e a erat fritammiurat `that is the (lit. its) length of time they will hurt me', Ml. 33a1 . a lére ropridchissi, Wb. 24c17 . ba sed a barbardacht atraachtatar, MU² 494 . ara ḟoillsi ┐ ara imchuibde ro indis scéla Crist, Trip.² 13 . a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, St. Ercuil 1134 . a dhoimhne do chuaidh an cló, Dán Dé xxiii 24 . fo bhīthin a onōraighi airmitnighi rothaisspēin a s[h]upāilce mōr- thrōcairecha dhōip, Fl. Earls 170.22 . In the follg. the phrase is adjectival rather than adverbial: a lomnachtaighe fhágbhas an bás iad, TSh. 657 . a threise atá an chlí, Dán Dé xxiii 10 .

(c) Anticipating a following clause. With finite verb: is mó a fius deitsiu a ndo-rigeni di maith, Wb. 30a8 . a dérbad co n-id fír na hí atberimsi, PH 2036 . a lorgairecht cionnus congbhaidhther . . ., RSClára 135b . a mheas gur dlisdionach, Donl. vi 20 . Note also: aní rongéni ho gnimaib á epert, Ml. 31b24 . With vn.: dorucadar a buideachus risna deithib Ercuil d'iaraidh a n-ingine, St. Ercuil 937 . a thecht dim bas d'faghail don te, 2549 . a theacht de sin é do chailleamh an ghill, TSh. 10638 .

Common in compd. prepp., see dáil, degaid, deóin, dochum, éis, muin, son, etc.

4 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 a or dil.ie/5

Forms: á, an, an, i, ind, ina, ina, na, na, na, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

pron demonstrative relative, nasalising, that which, what . On the spelling á see Celtica ii 339 - 40 . Orig. neut. art., Thurn. Gramm. § 473 (cf. 5 a). Combines with ro to form arro (in later lang. ar): arrolegais, Wb. 28d7 , but an- (the usual form before vowels) is also found: anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . anró gad, Trip.² 1370 . an ro-ráidis, PH 726 . an raibhe, Keat. ii 265 . In later language also spelt i n-: i n-atconnarc, LU 3322 . ind digní, Mon. Tall. 134.20 (§ 21) . Also ina n-: ina mboí, LU 8416 (H). ina fuaratar, Ann. Conn. 1235.13 . na n-: na tongat, Sc.M² 16 . na n-dingentar, TBC 6179 . na ndenaid, Auraic. 58 . In O.Ir. folld. by absolute and deu- terotonic form of vb. a n-asbiur, Wb. 17d12 ; but later the conjunct and prototonic forms become common (see Bergin, Ériu xi 139 n.1 ): a taibred, Sc.M² 1 . a sir, Dán Dé xxiii 37 . a ndenat, PH 2858 . When the demonst. rel. is plural in meaning personal pronouns referring to it are plural: a n-as sīrem diib, Ériu ii 130 § 102 . The vb. may also be pl. a mbid . . . de neithibh, Desid. 5724 . a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch, Keat. ii 3504 . a bhfuilti corrtha those of you who are tired, Donl. 216.6 .

Frequently cecha n- whatever, however much, etc., see cech.

(a) As nom.: an as suthin, Wb. 13d9 . anasberthar ho giun what is spoken, 5d14 . for nem a (an v.l.) conrúalae . . . as mó mílib míle, Fél. Ep. 25 . arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli the whole contents of the Psalter, Mon. Tall. 133.11 (§ 16) . a nas aithgin do airechaib feda iseadh is dire do athechaib feadha, Laws iv 152.5 Comm. seachnuim a mbí a n-éintigh, Desid. 6426 . a dtarla dá chóir, TSh. 762 .

(b) As accus.: á fil etarru what is between them, Wb. 27d19 . tuicci an gaibes in salm, 12d42 . a pridchimmeni what we preach, 15b14 . a forchongair do chomalnad, 5c23 . a ndogensa what I shall do, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). tongu-sa a toinges mo thúath, MU² 928 . mā rosaigh a broth a n-rosaig a blas `if its broth attains what its taste attains', RC xii 86 § 91 . ar ordaigh an t-aingeal-sain, Dán Dé xiv. 14 .

(c) With follg. partitive DI: a ndudesta . . . di foirbthetu, Wb. 1a9 . a césme di cach imniud, 13c7 . anrofiugrad di Críst `what has been figured of Christ', 15a34 . a mbaī di mnāib . . . hi Cūailṅge, TBC² 868 . a nrobíth leis día slōgaib, 1657 . an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 . ni hairemthar ar' marbad do macaib rí, RC xviii 173.13 . With different order of words: a n-du imnedaib . . . fo-daimi, Ml. 55d11 . a ndo ligdath doadbat, Ériu ii 114 § 39 .

With copula and superl.: a n-as sirem diib `the longest of them', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . a n-romba dech do thimthagaib flatha fer nGaoidel the best of the garments . . ., Corm. Y 1059 . an-as dech foruaradar do echraidh in righ, Marco P. 35 . i mba fearr do cach berla ┐ a nba leithiu ┐ a mba caemu `what was best . . .', Auraic. 1053 . in rop messa día muintir, RC x. 184.24 . Note also: is a mbeo beres a n-as beodu ┐ i na[s] segondo, TBC² 693 (compar. for superl.?). Less frequently with par- titive gen.: doberat a n-as dech sét in dúine, TBFr. 419 . con-aitcetar ferann fair .i. an ba dech Mide, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv. 478 ).

(d) With prec. prep. (frequent in later lang.): do-farget (sic leg.) a rro-fera ar-a ferthar fris `he offers what he has given for what is given to him', Laws v 502.22 (see however Thurn. Gramm. 680 ). ni tabair dír[e] asa n-gatass, Ir.Recht 22 § 24 (see Thurn. Gramm. 298, 680 ). farnan bechtae on what is not certain, Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ( Thurn. Gramm. 298, 680 ). bui dliged . . . fora raibhi do Thartraidhibh, Marco P. 82 . nach smuainid air a nabruid, Donl. 468.13 . Gort an Óir ghairthear don Mhaigh . . . ó n-ar bronnadh d'ór lais-sean . . . ann `from the quantity of gold', Keat. ii 4470 . tré n-ar imreadar d'ulc air `on account of the injury they had done him', 4634 . tréas a ndearnsad do bhagar air, Desid. 3429 . Most frequent- ly with DI, giving mod. dia, approximating to a new rel. particle: duine d'a marand indíu any man of those now living, PH 7318 . gach ní dā ndubrais, Feis TC 105 . na h-uili obuir trocuire diar mol in eglus, ZCP vi 25.4 . ni ternō nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came . . .', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv. 323 ). an aenridiri is lugha dob olc da roibhi ina aimsir, ZCP vi 100.12 . gach aon dár fhás ┐ dá bhfásfaidh every one who has sprung and will spring, TSh. 13 . Temporal use: feacht n-æn da roibhe Cond Cetcathach Ériu iii 150 . fecht n-aen dá táncatar Acall. 361 . laithe n-aen … da raibe Find 5737 . feacht n-aen da tainic Find 5917 . la da raibhi Crist Smaointe B. Chr. 1754 . gach úair da dtéighinn ’na theach L. Cl. A. B. 187 § 9 . fechtus dia m-bui E. hi Frémainn IT i 128 § 15 . fecht eli da raibe C. .c. a nDruim Cet BCC 146.5 . lá airithi da ndechaid C. .c. do Temraig 126.20 . feacht n-aon da ttainic Columcille Anecd. iii 6 . feacht dia m-báttar Hy Fiach. 336.1 . Also with acht: co tuctha a longa leó acht a ndechaidh ar éicin, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).

(e) When the antecedent is a noun the rel. clause is syntactically gen.: ar comalnad andotairrngert `to fulfil what he had promised', Mon Tall. 146.20 (§ 51) . i farrad na n-dingentar innossa, TBC 6178 . cuirter fesa uathaib co hAth Cliath ar cend ar ḟacsat and do Gallaib, RC xviii 289.30 (Tig.). ag soin críoch ar chanamor `that is the sum of what I have sung', TD 15.54 . ag clos a ndoirtid, Desid. 4282 . ar son a ndéineann, 731 .

ábacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ábacht or dil.ie/20

Forms: adbacht, ábhachta, abachtada, abachtada, abacht, abacht, abocht

n m. and f. Also spelt adbacht. g s. ábhachta, DDána 67.15 . n p. abachtada, IT iii 100 § 173 (? leg. ábacht ḟata EIS 250 ). IGT Decl. § 25 .

Joke, pleasantry, humour, drollery: nach tug abhacht na ardugudh aoibhneas misneach ionna haigne, IT ii2 150.732 . tri comartha clúanaigi: búaidriud scél, cluiche tenn, abucht co n-imdergad, Triads 90 . bás meic Bhriain rub úr n-ochta / tug fúinn fuath an ábhochta, Magauran 4198 . sguir a mhacaoimh óig t'ábhacht / cian óm leithéid leannánacht stop your coaxing (of a woman to a man seeking to beguile her), DDána 67.15 . tug siad uamhan ar abhacht `they have abandoned the fear of God for dissipation', Celtica iv 109 § 6 . fiú an éanroinn ábhochta `even one humorous stanza', TD 3.5 . an díoth do dhol i n-ábhacht / fríoth mar chol don chompán- acht `an injury inflicted on a person and then treated as a joke', Aithd.D. 48.1 . ná déin ábhacht ar sheanóir, Dánfhocail 177 . go n-adhbhacht adamair, Ó Bruad. iii 118.19 . as-beir d'á.¤, tre á.¤ says as a joke: gion go n-abraim é acht d'ábhacht, DDána 57.10 . gan a rádh d'fhíor nó d'ábhocht, Magauran 2455 . adubhairt ré tre abhacht, IT ii2 151.745 . adubairt ris tré adhbacht, SG 13.13 .

Name of a metre : abachtada so, IT iii 100 § 173 . abacht and so, § 174. abacht scailti, § 175. abocht cumaisg, § 176.

2 abairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 abairt or dil.ie/37

Forms: abhairt

n [ā], f. Initial a- somet. marked long, but quantity not fixed by rhyming exx. Prob. vn. of *ad-beir. The lenition in abhairt, H.3. 18 603 prob. an error. f., IGT Decl. § 42 .

(a) game, feat, trick: ni hadha dom anmuin apairt romnett, Ériu ii 3.3 `not due to my soul is the deed (or feat) that has quelled (?) me', p. 7 . abras ┐ a.¤ dogní int ócláech . . . focheird a bunsaig rout n-aurchora úad . . ., TBFr. 49 . ba si abreth (a.¤, v.l.) dogniad C. . . . .i. dobeired a da mér immon cailg ndét . . ., Ériu iii 142.231 . cidne apairte dorigne m'athair ag bein a cind doit dé .i. dó Art, 23 E 29 (Bk. of Fermoy) 34b2 . dosgní cuclaide . . . ┐ abarta inganta (of the ark), LB 128a50 . fochann . . . tresa ttángattar . . . na habarta fúalaing ┐ folúaimhnighe ain fáoi-siumh, Buile S. § 1 . In association with reb: reb ┐ ā.¤ , TBC² 1796 . roboth ocond reibsin ┐ ocond á.¤ on tráth coraile, 1418 . lorg . . . ba sed a reba ┐ abairti, MU² 629 . reba ┐ abarta, TBC 5191 . a.¤ .i. ab arte .i. issī a.¤ doní .i. elada, O'Mulc. 10 . ar ae .i. ar a a.¤ .i. ar a dán, Laws v 460.4 Comm. a.¤ .i. cleas, H 3.18, 603a . a.¤ .i. bés, H 3.18, 51b . a.¤ .i. ealadha no bés, O'Cl. a.¤ .i. indell, Lec. Gl. 397 .

(b) performance, behaviour: fo dhaig dognith apairt dia sirsilliudh `for it was his wont to gaze at her continually', Ériu xii 164 § 3 (TE2). ba hisin . . . a abair[t] this was how he behaved, RC ix 470.16 . bliadain . . . ocund ábairt se (of birds), IT iii 244.39 . .i. cleas, 276 § 4 (H 3.18, 603.25). Freq. with prep. FOR; teora mí dó forsan a.¤ sin (of a magic ox), BNnÉ 186 § 23 . secht misa dhoibh forsan abart sin (of a host beleaguering a city), Marco P. 151 . dia coscc don apairt sin (of reviling), Fen. 116.10 . co n-á.¤ imtholta, TBC 5325 = co mmīad imtholton, TBC² 3263 .

aball

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aball or dil.ie/40

Forms: a.

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 192 . apple-tree: a.¤ gl. malus, Sg. 61b5 . a.¤ [ab] Abellano oppido Campaniae , Corm. Y 94 . O'Mulc. 4 . One of the `airig feda', Auraic. 1153 . queirt is o chrand rohainmnighead .i. abhull, 1184 . ríga.¤ fó rigthorad, LU 6468 (TBC). aboll ubull / mār a rath / mbruignech mbras, K. and H. 14 . do fuc Eua inn ubull n-úag / dond abaill, SR 1286 . cróib dind abaill a hEmain, Im. Brain § 3 . frisin abaill a hAle, LL 18178 (frisan abaild, RC xiii 223.66 .) abla tīre Barsābe, ubla orro gach rāithe, Ériu iii 145 § 27 . cona abhlaibh caemha cubhraighe, 156 § 9 . ar belaibh na habla, BNnÉ 293 § 14 . fa abhoill in imarbais, Ériu iv 112.28 . doire aluinn . . . d'abluibh cubra, RC xiv 42 § 47 . coro sanntaigh Eua toradh na habhla, Grail 3019 . connach fácait ubhall ar abhaill, Acall. 6281 . abhall . . ./ co n-imat a tromthairthe, SG 112.8 . a abhall na n-ubhall gcumhra (of the Cross), DDána 2.6 . In wider sense tree: lomairset abaill mbic dib . . . dus cia nofromobadh a toradh búi forsin abaill, RC x 70.7 . Cf. fíc-aball s.v. fíc.

Transfd. of persons: na trí habhla a haontamhan (Daedalus and his two brothers), TD 20.24 . an ghéag abhla d'ḟiodh Theamhrach (Turlogh Luinech), 7.19 .

Compds. ¤-bláth: tar Magh n-uaine n-abhullblaith apple- blossomed , Caithr. CC. 53 . ¤-gel: don chrích Ultaigh abhaill- ghil, TD 27.31 . ¤-glan: tír . . . n-abhallghloin, TD 1.43 . ¤-gort orchard: in a. chumrae, LL 253b33 . baladh abhallguirt chubra, Acall. 6204 . ro thescc a abhallghort, FM iii 1126.9 . ¤-pór: toradh abhallphóir ḟóid Bhreagh, TD 24.15 .

Cf. uball.

1 abann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 abann or dil.ie/44

Forms: abhuinn

n [ā, f.] (Lat. habena. See Etudes Celt. iv 329 ). No certain ex. of n s. but note abhuinn .i. tabella palmaris , Rule of Tall. 1 n. 21 . scourge, whip: imbirt aibne `plying the scourge', Mon. Tall. 143.28 (§ 43) . cet moailli fort laim dé abaind `a hundred blows on thy hand with a scourge', 142.11 (37) . tri béimenna forru co mbais, no cris no abaind, O'Don. 989 (H 3.17, c. 853). a cúrsad ina chét-chinaid co n-abaind, Ériu i 218 § 4 . Fig. domfaraill — nī dūairc in t-ort — / bēim nād borb dot' abainn aird (from a hymn by one in illness), ZCP vi 263.19 . fíach aibne the penalty of flagellation: ní tabar fíach aibne and, Mon. Tall. 138.23 (§ 30) . arra troiscthe do fiachaib aibne .i. secht cet m-beimeann n-indracc co fo sechd flagellation equivalent to fasting, RC xv 490 § 22 . doberair dia sathairn im noin fiach aibne na h-oidche luain, LB 11b6 ( Rule of Tall. 82 ). fíach aibne, Ériu iii 102 § 30 .

abstanait

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abstanait or dil.ie/93

Forms: abstinéit, abstainens

n f. (Lat. abstinentia). Later also abstinéit, and, with fresh borrowing from Engl. or Rom., abstainens, -nent, aib-, etc.

Abstinence: lobrigthir abstanit, Wb. 6c15, 6b17 . abstainit .i. tros[c]ad, Trip.² 246 . figill ┐ abstanit, Mon. Tall. 133.26 (§ 18) . abstinit fri feoil `abstinence from flesh' apstinait praindi `abstinence from meals', 145.29. (§ 50 ), 146.4 (ib.). diúltuid an absttanuid ┐ an trosghadh, Desid. 4270 . denam abstanaid ┐ aine, RC xxvi 136 § 9 . slighidh . . . na habsttan aide, Desid. 4822 . iar forba a áine ┐ a abstainte, PH 4780 . cen saethar áine ┐ abstanaite, 5548 . apstanaint, BNnÉ 19 § 42 . absttinéid, Desid. 3046 . do thaobh . . . ra haibsdinēidi, Mac Aingil 4122 . ro chinnsium an apstainent noirdeirc, Mart. Don. 164.2 . ba mor a abstainens, 50.14 . aipsdinens bidh ┐ dighi, Rosa Ang. 28.18 . tresan aibstinens, BCC 52.22 (= abstinuis, ZCP iv 278 ). on aibsdinians romór, 230.22 .

acarthóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acarthóir or dil.ie/126

n (acra) plaintiff, pleader: in trath nach derbhann in tagartoir a agra, O'D. 542 (H.3.17, 434). derbhadh an agarthóir is don cintach léigther, 847 (603). budh beag dtaraidh an tulchóir / it aghaidh don agarthóir, DDána 101.23 . breitheamh . . . cosantach . . . agarthoir, Luc. Fid. 273.3 .

acc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acc or dil.ie/129

Forms: aicc, acca, aicce

also spelt aicc, acca, aicce indep. neg. particle, see Thurn. Gramm. § 868 no, nay: ac graece, nego latine .i. diultad, Corm. Y 96 . ac .i. diúltadh, O'Cl. a.¤, ol F., nachi nglúasid, LU 3291 ( SC 9 ). aicc, ol se, mo breith don Teti Bric, 3296 . ar a chend dait a F. or cách. aicc ol F., 6698 (TBC). ac for si, 3112 . a.¤, or in rí, IT i 74 § 12 . aca nírbugaine domathairsi eim tochur fri Coinculaind, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. ii 15.23 . aca, Anecd. ii 78.15 . acca, 13 . ecca sin `not so' (Faraday), TBC² 1494 = is acca a rad, TBC 2086 . a.¤ amae, LL 13838 . ac idir ón `not so at all', Fianaig. 80.9 . tuc dam-sa do gai or in cánte. a.¤ óm or Cú, LU 5806 (TBC). acæ (aicce, v.l.) om, CCath. 3781 . aca ámh, Ériu viii 139.8 . With follg. particle: in hi do shreb inso? ol Edain. a.¤ son, ol Midhir, Dinds. 65 ( RC xv 463 ). ac tra not so, RC xxvi 370.15 .

See nacc.

accais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accais or dil.ie/142

Forms: accuis, accuis, accais, acaissi, acsi, aicsin, aicsin, aicsenaib

n f. In O.Ir. glosses accuis (Lat. occasio, see Thurn. Gramm. § 302 ). Ped. (i 476) distinguishes a word accais < *adcais (We. achas), but the various meanings can be ex- plained as easily from a single form accais < Lat. occasio. g s. accuis, Alex. 297 . accais O'Dav. 399 . acaissi, Fl. Earls 132.25 . n p. acsi, Corm. Y 1082 v.l. (achuis, text, Anecd. iv 96.23 ). Also as n-stem a s. aicsin, Ml. 38c4 . n p. inna aicsin , 51d15 . d p. dinaib aicsenaib , 62a22 . See aicsenach.

(a) cause, reason: acuis .i. a causa , Corm. Y 10 (cf. O'Mulc. 11 ). ?bri gach ṅ-a.¤ , Corm. 8 = cach n-ogus, Corm. Y 149 . issí ade accuis `this is the cause', Ml. 104c1 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab Duaid `that is not the reason for which David sang it', 35a8 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu hisin, 57a3 . sainaccuis do Duaid sech cách, 36c11 . cen fochunn ┐ cen accuis, 46b14 , 126d17 . ar main bed accuiss na precepte sin `for if it were not because of that teaching', Wb. 9b19 . in di accuis, Sg. 200a13 . it hē achuis (acsi, v.l.) ar a nglanaiter, Corm. Y 1082 = aicsin, Corm. Bodl. 38 . sain didiu accuis as rohainmniged cach āe, Corm. Y 1079 . nisber nach a.¤ aile acht dul tar bur cenn-si there is no other reason for it(?), Anecd. i. 43.18 . acais toirge na nDéise, Ériu iii 135.2 .

In prep. phrases: ar accuis pectho `because of sin', Ml. 60b19 . ar accuis tesairgne do mnai ríg Érend, LU 10770 = ar cuis, Ériu xii 170.5 (TE). ?fu acis gl. sub obtentu, Thes. i 498.29 . hua accuiss sulbairichthe `because of politeness', Sg. 45b3 . trena a.¤ (i.e. because of Findabair), LL 11323 (TBC).

In Laws cause, occasion of injury to others, hence offence, crime(?). Cf. it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait, ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . dilis do ceilib . . . seoit . . . acht fris-rognat a flaithe . . . na dernat acais a mbais `wenn sie . . . ihren Tod nicht verursacht haben' (i.e. have com- mitted no crime leading to their lord's death), ZCP xiv 362 § 22 , see p. 363 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide acais . . . acúis don gnímh son do gní nech for torbha do budein ┐ imaric aimles nach aile de cin elguin ┐ ní duine féin is fer láimhe di `acuis' is that deed which one does for one's own advantage and from which disadvantage ensues to another person though he has committed no crime and is not the per- petrator thereof(?), O'Don. 577 (H.3. 17, 444). See 3 ág. gan ágh, gan a.¤, gan urcoid . . . a n-adrad h'arm, MR 294.15 .

(b) hatred, enmity, rancour etc.: acais dhlighidh, Ériu xiii 25.6 glossed .i. aor no mallacht . . . no a.¤ .i. immidh, O'Dav. 40, 399 (cf. ZCP xiv 7 ). aincis (acais, v.l.) is miscaith namá / dhá ṡenainm na mallachta, Met. Gl. 14 § 29 . fí fo builc .i. a.¤ fo thuind, RC xx 252.1 (ACC). ferb .i. bolg .i. acuis fo tuinn, O'D. 27 (H 3.17, col. 25). na bi ar acais na miscais do gní acht do rellad na firinne, O'C. 2599 ( Eg. 88 fo. 51 (52)a ). is tromsceo a.¤ ┐ duabais ┐ neime for cech n-aen, Alex. 297 . ro aorfadaois o acois ┐ o breachtradh an dána virulence(?), ZCP x 278.3 . doní geōin ┐ acu[i]s ┐ díghbhāil, Feis TC 464 . narbham uan go n-acais fhaoil (i.e. a wolf in sheep's clothing), Aithd. D. 73.16 . lomnán d'imneadh is d'achais (sic), O'Hara 3262 . gapuis . . . ben oile . . . doigh ētta, imthnūith ┐ acaissi di, Fl. Earls 132.25 .

Of disease, illness (cf. is aon n-aicsina fo dera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 ): rom-soerae, á Ísu / ar a.¤ cech thedmae from every disease, Fél. Ep. 518 . rot gob acais .i. mor galara, YBL 137a17 . indtan rob āiniom ndō, rotgab acais mōr (of disease of Emperor Constantine), ZCP iii 227.2 . galar gan a.¤ gan anbḟorlann, ALC ii 400.15 .

In concrete sense poison, venom: delg co n-acais ina chois co nderna tart ar feith inti `festering', BColm. 42.18 .

acclaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acclaid or dil.ie/152

Forms: ad-claid, aclaide, accaill

vn. of ad-claid. Also aclaide, accaill.

(a) act of hunting, fishing: dochúaid . . . do a.¤ a etrache fora fer flechud o'tchúas . . . gabail brattán dó to angle in the furrows whereon rain had poured, Trip.² 984 . a.¤ eisc do dil na gortai, O'C. 779 ( H. 3.18, 365b ). amail dubanaigh aclaidi quasi hami , Aisl. Tund. 104 § 3 . taibled iall, aclaid iach (pleasures of life in forest), ZCP xiii 278.4 . oc accaill arna bledmīla isin muir (of a bird), Ériu ii 120 § 58 . ?aiscid . . . duit . . . .i. duban ┐ Aicill (aichchill, v.l.) meic Moga, Acall. 7271 . seal ar aclaidh, Measgra D. 42.38 (= do dubhanacht, BCC 436.19 ). slóigh mhillse ón míonaclaidh muir `delightful hosts from whom the sea is easy to fish (i.e. calm)', TD 4.42 . acladh no aclaidh .i. iasgaireachd, O'Cl.

(b) In Laws Comm. act of inculpating, rendering liable (see ZCP xv 352 ): ?fri a.¤ coibche, Laws v 510.23 . Usually in glos- ses on forms of ad-claid: ni haclaide .i. ata annad aclaidh[e] dligeas gach comaitheach dia raile stay of suit, iv 156.28 . fo-d-aclaid .i. icin a.¤ , v 462.13 . In phrase ní tabair aclaid(e) for: ni aclaidh selb tuinide liuin .i. nocho tabair aclaidh arin liuntach, O'C. 428 (H 3.18. 233a). ní haclaid tuinide do berar bealltaine .i. ní tabuir aclaidh fair um inní fora roibhe . . ., O'D. 625 (H 3. 17, 465). ata orba nad aclaidead .i. ata firebeda do berar ar in ferand ┐ noco tabair aclaide fiach ar in ti do ní iat, Laws iv 154.15. ma claid . . . .i. is dilius don ceile co na tabar aclaide fiach air, ii 242.23 Comm. ni haclaid indlighidh fri indligthech .i. nocha tabair aclaide fiach ar feichem toichida, O'C. 338 (H 3. 18, 186b). aclad (leg. aclaid?) .i. ioc fiach, ut est ar n-aclad im chin a slán .i. arna hiocad eneclann ┐ diablad, O'Dav. 113 . ?Also in this sense: tabair tria haccail dia mbrath / i saccaib na Cannanach (of Joseph's instructions to put the king's cup in the baggage of the Canaanites) i.e. to entrap them, SR 3547 .

accmaingech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accmaingech or dil.ie/158

adj o, ā (accmaing)

(a) powerful: an ríghfhlaith ághmhar acfuinneach, O'R. Poems 2642 . urmhór a labhar- thar lat / do bheith acfuinneach uasat `who are said by you to be superior to you', Content. x 26 . do bhí sé acmhaingeach athlamh i n-íorghail (of a chieftain), Hackett xxxix 151 .

(b) wealthy, rich (in): acfuinneach sufficient, Eg. Gl. 50 . is saidbir acfuindech rí in tíri sin, Maund. 159 . acmainneach . . . fa crannaib rich in trees, Ir. Astr. Tr. 138.21 . gu mbí saidhbhir acfuingeach lán don uile mhaith, Desid. 3379 . an duine acfuinneach, TSh. 5349 . tigheas flaithemhail acmhuin- geach áirmheach, Hackett xl 126 . acmaingech tuarasdail ┐ tindlaicti, Ann. Conn. 1225.6 . Adv. gach uair dferfad ann co hacmainnech `every time it should rain heavily', Ir. Astr. Tr. 50.6 .

accnabad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accnabad or dil.ie/160

n [u,]m. (accnam) portion or ration of food: agnabtha .i. biatha, O'C. 2068 (H 4.22, 67.) acnamad .i. biadh fhoires é, O'D. 991 (H 3.17, 854). nobered B. acnabad di, Trip.² 2755 . nu berthi acnamad ó Mochtai, 2695 . amal bies int acnamad bid samlaid int ord `as the food shall be, so will the order be' (in a monastery), Ériu iii 102 § 32 . acnámad (.i. biadfoirese) rodfera a ration which suffices, i 220 § 11 . accnabtha nónbair cecha nóna céin beó sa i mbethu, `rations,' RC xxv 26 = accnabad, YBL 114a3 . don acnabhadh aráin, Rule of Tall. § 2 . rotinnsgain a acnamodh do thocaithemh, Aisl. Tund. 93 § 2 . ba hacnamhadh dōibh toradh an chroinn pailme, Fl. Earls 228.33 .

See acnapthe.

accnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accnam or dil.ie/161

n (ad + cnám, Thurn. ZCP xi 103 n.32 ) chewing: abbair fris . . . nip cróda a acnam `that his chewing should not be bloody', ZCP xi 84 § 36 . ?acnamh (.i. ágh) duisi in iath eacrat, Hard. ii 298.4 . Cf. a.¤ .i. ágh, O'Don. Suppl. Cf. accnabad.

1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See Thurn. Gramm. § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc. M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth Gabl. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see Thurn. Gramm. § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth Gabl. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fingal R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC² 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', St. Ercuil 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see Thurn. Gramm. § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth Gabl. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC² 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-per- fective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non- perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocen- sibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preced- ing neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc. M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Met. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, St. Ercuil 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls. 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth Gabl. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], FM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

1 achta(ig)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 achta(ig)id or dil.ie/208

v late formation from pret. stem (acht-) of aigid. drives: achtuigh urchur . . . don táthluimh, Cath MT 704 . achtaidh cách sgiath fri sgiath, 862 . do achtaigh aonghuin . . . fair, 906 .

achtáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. achtáil or dil.ie/212

n g s. ¤ id. (Lat. actuālis) the active life (as oppd. to teöir the contemplative life): in choss is hé óis a.¤ et ind laám is hé óis a.¤ as máa alailiu `the foot is the practical folk and the hand is the practical folk who are more than others', Wb. 12a23 . an aibill teora ┐ achtail (of St. Gregory), ZCP xii 368.3 . dá dagthodail do Dhia actáil ┐ teoir, Thr. Ir. Gl. 15.38 . deocain .i. da cain aige .i. cain re teeoir ┐ cain re n-a.¤ . . . actualis uita . . . , Laws v 22.12 Comm. = O'Dav. 4 . beth . . . cin actail cin deoir, O'Don. 2190 ( Nero A vii 132b ). an tanaisi (ecluis) taisilbter gnim gnies nactail narcend, 2192 (ib.). tri .l. ri teoir a máinchine . . . ┐ xl. ri achtail, Lism. L. 1018 . aiteoch friut in teeoir / aiteoch friut in n-achtāil (acctail, MS), ZCP, viii 232 § 3 .

? achu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? achu or dil.ie/218

n fuagair do na tigeadh don tigh o teid no gu cumusgti ogham ┐ a.¤ re cheile, Ériu xi 190.32 .

2 aclaid(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aclaid(e) or dil.ie/223

n (Lat. loanword) acolyte: acolytus .i. aclaidhe, Ir. Gl. 456 . acloid adannuigh caindle la salmcedlaidh sceo cleirech co coruinn, O'Don. 2192 ( Nero A vii 133b ).

acra(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acra(e) or dil.ie/232

Forms: acre, accrai, acru, agra, acrad

n io, n. Later f. vn. of ad-gair. a s. acre, Wb. 9c20 . g s. accrai, Laws v 372.7 . d s. acru, LL 353a76 . agra f. IGT Decl. § 3 . Verbs § 47 . Later also acrad.

Act of suing, prosecuting, bringing an action, urging a claim; action, suit, process (with gen. of the matter of the suit and FOR (AR) of the person sued): tagra quasi dagra .i. dā n-agra bīs ann, Corm. Y 1259 . acra gl. actio, Ir. Gl. 869 . ní bethe fria acre, ye should not be seeking redress for it, Wb. 9c20 . ce na (= no) betha ac acra ar nech dul ara nurlainn, Laws iii 252.19 . gu nach urasa cin d'agra for a tigernaib `it is not easy to sue their lords for trespasses', iv 222.1 Comm. cach foghail do genu se . . . ciamad ail a nacera for aite `though one should wish to sue his fosterer for them', ii 170.4 Comm. ni bi acraidi faesam .i. nocha bi a.¤ athgabala don ti bis ar faesam neich . . . .i. fer bis for faesam ní tualaing acra the person who is under protection may not be sued? i 102.x , 104.24 Comm. ticfa d'acra a dala `to prosecute his cause', 6.22 . do buing agru ericc suing exacts compensation, ii 14 z . featactain agra na ratha `attempt to sue the surety', v 226.31 Comm. fethem . . . agamsa dot agra sa, i 294.7 Comm. ma docuaid in grad feine d'acrad in graid flatha, 112 y . acrudh do dénum ┐ indliged do denum oc in agra sin, ii 66.9 . ni tuasluce nach suire . . . bes isle agra bes uaisle enech, 36.z. ac acra uatha suing from them, v 120.30 . ai naccrai the matter of the suit, 372.7 . fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound (inflicted) in the cause of levying a payment due', Ériu xii 50 § 63 . ag agra goidi ┐ braidi when suing a case of theft and plunder, Laws v 42.18 Comm. acra bor[b]luchuis, ii 16.7 Comm. cuir ┐ cundartha . . . d'acrau forin conair fugill is cert, Cóic Con. Fug. 20 § 13 . fer na hagra the plaintiff, O'D. 570 ( H. 3.17, 440-1 ). di ēis ind fir acrai, ZCP xv 322 § 15 n. 1 . ae an fir acra, Laws v 306.10 Comm. soiri domnaig . . . gin acrai gan brethemnus, Anecd. iii 21.4 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae dííbh ca bráth, Trip.² 2218 . frithchuires dím accra olcu amhuinsi, ZCP vi 258.4 . gabais M. . . . ic acra a cor, LL 221b27 ( TTr. 330 ). itú ic triall a acrai ḟort I am suing thee for it, LL 14136 . lucht a éaraca dá agra orra to sue them for his eric, ML 132.7 . badur . . . og agra a comairci ar in rig they were demanding the king's protection, YBL 172b20 . teid dagra a shlana ar O'nDomnaill to make claim on O'D. for violating his surety, L. Chl. Suibhne § 17 . dolluid . . . Lactain . . . do acru in gníma sin co flaith to complain of that deed, LL 353a76 . gan a bhás d'agradh ar neach `not to demand retribution from anyone for his death', Keat. ii 5192 . d'agra airdchíosa ar Chúigeadh Laighean `to exact', iii 3082 . ag agra fhiach claiming a debt, Dán Dé xxvi 12 . ro bhaoí ua N. ag agra blaidhe don dúthaigh fuair Niall ó Domhnaill on righ, FM vi 2350.7 . ná ro cumhaing Ua N. an fearann dagra ó chert, .14 . an lá thiocfas triath na n-aingeal d'agra a chéasda sa chroich, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 9 . oca agra (sic leg.) gurbhó dalta dhósom ó Domnaill `urging', Hugh Roe 48.10 (fo. 13a) . do brud . . . in domain . . . is d'acra ar a cend `to take vengeance on it', Cog. 180.4 . iomdha agra nach admhaim `many charges I confess not' (i.e. do not plead guilty to), Dán Dé iv 3 . gach agra dá bhfuil againn ┐ gach leathscéal dá bhfuil agaibhsi, Maguires of F. 74 . báttar . . . ag aighnes ima naccarthaibh for aroile they were disputing as to their claims, FM vi 2166.z. teit accra ann, an action lies in that case, PH 7612 . Cill Baird i Laignib ní agra i.e. undoubtedly Mart. Don. xxxix 16 . Of the thing claimed: re h-iarraid na hagra, MR 264.11 . Of challenging in battle: cenn cosnama . . . Erenn ar uaill ┐ ar agra, MR 96.3 .

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