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1 abra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 abra or dil.ie/77

Forms: abrat, abra, abrait, abraid, abrait, abrat, abhra, fabhradha, abhra, abrachtaib

n nt, m. Later frequ. with inorganic f- (see also fabra). n s. abrat (leg. abra? Or for abrait?), Laws v 250.4 . a s. abraid, LL 208a16 . n p. abrait deirg, LU 7763 . g p. abrat, ZCP vii 299.17 . Later as vocalic stem (also with pl. forms in -dh-) g s. an abhra mhoill, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 404.9 . n p. fabhradha, Keat. ii 3636 . g p. abhra, DDána 99.30 . Note d p. abrachtaib gl. palpebris, Gild. Lor. 120 .

Orig. perh. eyelash(es) which seems to be the usual meaning in compounds, but eyelid suits a number of exx. The meanings cannot always be sharply distinguished, and the follg. classification is to some extent arbitrary.

(a) eyelash(es): palpebra .i. fabhra, Ir. Gl. 79 . ? aere mor aah bruit, IT iii 91 § 126 ( BB 293a11 ). a mailghi ┐ a abraid, 186.15 . abrait duib daín, LU 4515 . (cf. abhraid .i. fabhradha. a.¤ dhubhdhaimh .i. fabhradha amail daol, O'Cl.). iter clethchor ndub ndóelabrat, 7386 . abrait fo daildath, IT i 80.16 . an dara ha.¤ dubh, aroile fionn. TBC-LL¹ 5551 (Stowe). ma robenad a.¤ uachtair a sul do duine, Laws iii 352.11 Comm. da ḟabra dubha, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . With mong: abra dubmall nach daor mong, IGT Decl. ex. 521 . Cf. lia sgor an mhongabhraigh mhóir, DDána 106.5 . Fig. cróib dind abaill a hEmain / . . ./ gésci findarggait fora / abrait glano co mbláthaib, Imr. Brain 3 . láimh re habhradhaibh Eoraipe `hard by the fringes of Europe's shore' Ó Bruad. iii 70 x .

(b) eyelid: abrait fri nem (i.e. in prayer?), Ériu ii 64 § 4 . sruth serb saile i sūilib saigh, / aslocha fraigh n-abrat n-ūar, ZCP vii 299.17 . im fabra mil moir do chobraind, Laws i 124.7 . Cf. 250.4 . deor tromthoirsi co ti tar a.¤ ar n-aighti-ni, ACL iii 234.18 . fabra uachtarach a súl, O'Gr. Cat. 77.38 . cladmailgi . . . forbrit tar a fabradaib, MR 186.3 . eadrom is eatoil ghlana / muna n-iadhoinn m'aphradha, Studies 1920, 263.10 . In phrases corresponding to Engl. in the twinkling of an eye: feadh an abhra d'osgoladh, DDána 21a.2 . re turnamh an abhra, Ó Héodhusa 28.19 . ar feadh iadhaidh m'fhabhra even for a brief moment, DDána 32.12 .

In n.pr.: Fand . . . ingen Áeda Abrat .i. áed tene is hé tene na súla in mac imlesen, LU 3375 ( SCC 17 ).

In composition abrat-, later also abra-. ¤-chaín having fair eye-lashes: o ri Erend abradchain, BB 274a33 . Ailill abratchaen, Rawl. 83a36 . ¤-donn : an tóg abhradonn (: agam), TD 1.26 . fad ghruaidh abhradhuinn (: Conuill), 2.36 . ¤-dub: mar ráith gCuinn abhradhduibh fhinn (: charmhoguill), DDána 119.2 . ¤-gorm: ar int aithech abratgorm, Rawl. 87a45 . da óclach aigḟinna abratgorma, TBC-LL¹ 4346 . ¤-mall: crann céasda an óig abhramhoill, DDána 54.24 . ¤-rúad: C. abratruad of the red eye-lashes Rawl. 83a44 = C. Abhrad-rúadh .i. rosc rúadh co mailgibh rúadha ro thecht, nam brai mala dicitur , Cóir Anm. 190 . U. abradruad, RC xxiv 274 § 7 .

See abratchor.

-abrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -abrach or dil.ie/80

adj (1 abra): an súil . . . mongabhraigh, TD 8.24 . See also compds. of donn and gorm.

2 ág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ág or dil.ie/673

Forms: ag, t-agh, áig, ága, ág, n-ag, ágaib, ágh

n o and u, m. a s. ag, SR 4814 . an t-agh , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1811 . g s. ind áig , LU 2812 . inn ága , TBC-LL¹ 3056 . d s. ág, Wb. 25a3 . g p. na n-ag (: Colmán), Rawl. 163a6 . d p. ágaib, SR 4688 . ágh m. IGT Decl. § 38 , § 96 .

(a) fight, battle, contest: cen á.¤ n-ergarb, SR 2014 . ic mórad chath ┐ chongal ┐ áig, MU² 11 . do diogail a aigh et a irgla ar in Donn C., TBC-LL¹ 6175 . nā hinguib nā hindsaig ágh do not avoid or seek strife, ZCP vi 272 § 10 . gan rún troda gan triall n-áigh, TD 26.40 . a haithle an ágha, 10.42 . fir marbha d'athghuin san ágh, IGT Decl. ex. 1115 . Dia Domhnaig déis an ágha / bhearfas Dia breith an bhrátha Armageddon(?), Celt. Rev. x 133.22 . ollband ága mebaid / for Domnall mac Aeda, LL 182b48 ( Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 22 ). do mhnaoi do cinneadh d'agh é was doomed to strife because of a woman (of Troy), DDána 119.23 . tar cheann a bhreith d'aitheas áidh / le Feardiadh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.9 . ar luas a n-ádh nó a n-égin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 372.19 . samhail síl Anmchadha an áigh, DDána 85.35 . ?saig brot n-áig forsan echraid, MU² 253 . ro claitti a n-uaga ága soldiers' graves, Metr. Dinds. iv 342.4 . Fig. in phr. referring to warriors: imscarad da aidlen áig na Asia, LL 243b26 ( TTr. 1997 ). da rind aga ┐ urlaimi, Cog. 56.24 . rinn áigh caithfhréimhe Ó gCuinn, DDána 79.21 .

(b) prowess, valour: a á.¤ a gal a gaisced, LU 8449 ( FB 30 ). hUa A. . . . is a h-agh ┐ echt . . . indister ann so, MR 100.1 . d'úaisli ┐ d'āgh ┐ d'orbert, ZCP viii 111.12 . méaraidh m'fheidhm ┐ m'ágh, ML 100.17 . int aenduine . . . roba mo ag ┐ engnam, Ann. Conn. 1306.2 . drong F. nar bh' olc n-áigh, DDána 90.11 . rem n-aga (cheville), LU 3602 ( SCC § 30 ).

aicce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicce or dil.ie/753
Last Revised: 2013

n , f.

(a) nearness, proximity: a.¤ ab accula (leg. accola , Meyer, ZCP xiii 185 ), O'Mulc. 13 . ?rom gab B. . . . cucai for aicci (aicti v.l.) a treibe cor ferad mo théchtae oca because of the nearness of his people(?), Comp. CC 29.12 ( LU 10289 ) (cf. 1 aicde?). In phrase i n-aicci near, beside: his i nn-accai muilenn echtránd no beitis co bráth, Trip.² 2456 . co mbeth mís i n-acci cech fir díb, LL 315b53 . a naici a namat gl. a namait naici, 393a44 . eirigh ar h'ech ┐ cuir in t-ech maith-so a t'aici `take . . . beside thee', ZCP vi 73.34 . airc an Tighearna . . . ┐ an cófra do bhí na haice, 1 Sam. vi 15 . ceiltear neimh glaice gonta / libh i n-aice th' óghachta `in presence of thy virginity', Aithd. D. 59.32 . aice .i. i n-aice. Acall araice Teamhair .i. in aice Teamhrach atá, O'Cl. See ar-aicci. besides, in addition to: geanmnaidheacht i n-aice umhla, PBocht i 6 . is beag an tiomsughadh laidhnea fhoghnus a n-aice an bhromurruis nadurtha very little Latin suffices if added to . . ., 23 I 1, 109 .y . guin an chló do-chuaidh 'n-a throighidh / trom re híoc i n-aice ar ngníomh, DDána 30.11 . ? Also ina aicci in a short while (?): níba hannsae duit són … ’na aicci 'that will not be difficult for you [to know] presently' Immrama 50.837 , ZCP xxxii 121 . With follg. LA: nec[h] ris ar b[f]iu each do breith inaci leis who thought it worth while to bring a led horse with him, Cog. 132.11 . As adv.: ech acam dúib i n-aicce `I have a horse for you hard by', Metr. Dinds. iii 454.49 .

(b) fosterage: hore is na n-aicci atái since it is fostered with them that thou art (`near them', Thes., see O. Ir. Par. and Glosses, 3rd and 4th edd., Vocabulary), Wb. 5b27 . altrom a meic eter [t]heora a.¤ , BDD² 105 . atnoad (ailed, v.l.) Conchubur . . . ol is cét-a.¤ Finnchóem, Comp. CC 8.17 (text?). icht aicce (.i. gnim) ar iss i n-aicci bis in descipul icon aidi, Auraic. 1112 (cf. ZCP xvii 289.21 ) = Corm. Y 88 . bi a mic inmhuin . . . i n-aice do braithrech co mba seitrech (a dying father to his youngest son), LL 386b24 . atat dano da mbaegal naltrama baegal donn athair dia rogha laim dia mac iarna tabairt i naice corop altar manip deithberus, H 3.18, 19aw . dianduca as cin dethbeirus nimbera isin naice sin aitherrach, z. aice .i. aiti nó altrum, ut est urail coimperta i sóaici sochrait . . . ┐ aderr fos trian n-airir i tres n-aici, O'Dav. 137 . aici .i. ucht, ut est conad ragbad mac nó ingen de asa aici, 63 . log na haici, O'Curry 1989 (H 4.22, 25). aice .i. oileamhain, O'Cl.

airlaime

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlaime or dil.ie/2165

Forms: herlaimhe

n , f. (airlam) IGT Abstr. Nouns § 86 .

(a) readiness, preparedness: is mór á erlamae inna celle sin as `great is the readiness of that sense from it' gl. promptu, Ml. 36c20 . ar irlami far cúrsagtha through readiness to reproach you, Wb. 26b23 . re hurloimhe . . . a nimbuailte, MR 268.6 . nī cōir do brithemain aurlama mbrethe over-readiness, ZCP xv 354 § 42 . In phrase i n-a.¤ in readiness: gach ní do beth i n-urrlaime acu, Aen. 785 . a n-errlaime athgona G., Grail 879 . baoi Ua M. . . . in erlaimhe for a ccind, AFM ii 936.9 . bátar i nerlaimhe do thecht ar Ua D., v 1352.4 .

(b) ripeness (of fruit etc.): érlama ar gurt, Ériu vii 223 § 32 . Cf. is do is ainm don torad ┐ dond errlaime asas donn iarraid, Laws i 36.10 Comm.

In n.pr. Mac na herlaimhe Úa Donnchadha, AFM ii 972.9 .

aitire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitire or dil.ie/2810
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aittire, aidire, e(i)t(t)ire, eidire, itire, oittire

n , f. ( eter, Bürgschaft p. 4 ). Later also m. in sense (b). Also aittire, aidire, e(i)t(t)ire, eidire, itire, oittire. Lit. being between, standing between or one who stands between (two parties to an agreement), see Bürgschaft p. 4 , 34 , 61 . Críth G. p. 74 . Cf. cid ara n-eper a.¤? itir a té .i. itir cich ┐ gruaid; no itir da feichemain, Bürgschaft 22 § 64 . a.¤ .i. iter dēde .i. iter dā fechemuin, Corm. Y 71 .

(a) hostage-suretyship : doté(i)t a.¤ ar ḟer feras in fuil he goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound, Críth G. 52 . cateat a ḟolta córai ó chách fris[s]a cuirther a.¤? for which surety is given, 58 . lóg a enech . . . téit fora naidm ┐ a ráith ┐ a aitiri he may go surety to the amount of his honour-price, 129 . dul tar a.¤ breaking a guarantee (one of the causes of loss of honour-price), Laws v 368.7 .

(b) hostage-surety who guarantees the performance of an obligation with his own person and not (like the ráth) with his property GEIL 172 , Stud. Hib. viii 52 , guarantor `who warrants the execution, not merely of public engagements . . ., but also of some of the more important private agreements', Críth G. p. 74 . ata a.¤ gaibhes gnimu nadma. a.¤ són dobeir laim im brollach feicheman co nadhmaim le[s], saigid riasíu ascomra. assed a slan undertakes the business of giving a bond i.e. an a.¤ who puts a `naidm' in the breast of the debtor, he sues before he himself pays and so he remains free from loss, ZCP xiii 24.11 ( Bürgschaft 13 § 42 ). nugu toibhghenn nech i cairdi acht aitteri, Bürgschaft 63 x . cungnat oittiri in fecheman toicheda riu, 64.7 . slan a.¤ cairde (title of a tract), ZCP xiii 24 (Bürgschaft 32 § 1) (see cairde). corus a.¤ (title of a tract), Bürgschaft 22 § 64 . cis lir a.¤ do-chuisin . . . a tri . . . a.¤ luigi ┐ aitiri foesma ┐ aitiri nadma, ib. (see also fáes(s)am, 1 luige). na huile neiche risa-ndechaid int a.¤ , 68 § 1 . atait secht n-aitiri asrenut la Feine . . . a.¤ teit ar mac beoathar fo-n-ocair a athair, a.¤ tar cend ambui anechtair, etc., Laws v 228.1 . caite a sslan na a.¤? .i. a fomeilt ┐ a imluath ┐ a gnim ┐ log .uii. cumal niath (.i. lóg cimedha, ar is cimidh ind aitiri iar ndithmaim fuirri) what is the indemnity of an `a.¤'? Bürgschaft 24 § 67 . ces do-gníther de muna comrastar fris? Tiagair dochum raite no a.¤ ma beit iar cul ar it he a .u. in sin biti fri heluth .i. naidm ┐ raith ┐ a.¤ ┐ ceilebrath ┐ gell what is to be done when the debtor does not come forward? One goes to a `ráth' or an `a.¤' if they stand behind the transaction, for these are the five (sureties) who guarantee against absconding, 14 § 48 . athgabail a.¤ aslui feile `distress of a surety who violates his honour', Laws i 214.25 (`der sich dem Anstand (der Ehrbarkeit) entzieht', Bürgschaft p. 70 ). in raith uil re aithne na conaire fuigill is techta no int ait[i]re uil re aithne na conaire fuighill is cóir (i) n-athcomairc i.e. it is a `ráith' if the suit is one of `techta', an ¤a. if the suit is one of `cóir n-athchomairc ', Cóic Con. 32 § 27 . is ed is a.¤ ann .i. do ghradhaib flatha uair cid mor do cintaib ┐ do raithiges ┐ do aitires ro-dlecht donn athair, ma ro-fagaib int athair dibadh accu — uair ni tet itire acht co cro, teit raith for comarba co no[m]ud — noco cutrumus in dibaid do dul isna cintaib, 33 § 32 . aitiri De cleric, Laws v 272.8 (see Bürgschaft 73 ). teōra a.¤ cac[h]a prīmegalsa fri Cāin Adomnāin .i. secnap ┐ coic ┐ fertiges ┐ a.¤ cāna deirbḟine fo Erinn uile ┐ dā eitiri cāna ardflat[h]a every principal church has three guarantors to ensure the fulfilment of A.'s law, Cáin Ad. 32 § 53 (see Bürgschaft p. 7 ). sárugud a.¤ nó crossi in domnaig oc saigid na cána in domnaig, Ériu ii 208 § 29 . ma asloat aitiri tobungar cumal ocht n-ungi diib, Anecd. iii 24.18 . do-bert .uii. n-aidirie di trénferuib Erenn . . . fri hasic na flathae uad ma fofertís a mifholtae fesin i.e. he gave seven fighting men as guarantors that he would give back the kingship should he behave in an unkingly way, RC xii 62 § 24 . tucaid huaib etere ṅgle / fri tichtáin doridise, SR 3499 . forbia for n-eitteire fein, 3503 . for cóic aitirib dēac on the guarantee of fifteen men, TBC-I¹ 2919 . ité a.¤ . . . do-breatha do Ingcél ó ḟeraib Hé., BDD² 421 . gabsait na aittiri eturru a fritisi, 866 . togaid aitiri de (ref. to visit of Ulaid to Bricriu), LU 8097 ( FB 7 ). de inchaib na n-atairi, 8184 ( 13 ). trían do flaith, trīan do fine, trīan do etarflaith ┐ do iteraibh (of property of deceased person), Ériu i 215.28 . it .iii. heteri gabar darcend in Choimded fri dingbail cecha tedmma dib . . . .i. Petur Apstal ┐ Muri Og ┐ Michel Archaingel patrons(?), RC xii 428 § 19 .

(c) hostage: nó idnaictís dosom geill ┐ eteri, CCath. 1636 . ní gabthar a n-eiteri a nglas no a slabradh acht lúgha fó láim rígh `hostages', Leb. Cert. 135.x . dia n-elódha in t-aideri, 11 . cor facsat etere ina laim .i. Isacar, BB 238b42 . cen giall cen eteri, RC xvii 354.29 (Tig.). braigti ┐ etiri, Cog. 48.8 . co ttuccsat gialla . . . ass . . . im aidire Ua Néill, AFM ii 712.5 .

COMPD. ¤-mac: do ghuidhetar ind Ógh cona haitirmac (of Christ), Caithr. Thoirdh. 94.35 .

aitires

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitires or dil.ie/2812

n (aitire) suretyship, hostageship: int aitire, na huili neichi ima-ndechaid a n-aitirius, Bürgschaft 68 § 2 . duine teit . . . a n-itires etira fene (tara fine v.l.) budein, Cóic Con. 32 § 29 . cid mor do cintaib ┐ do raithiges ┐ do aitires ro dlecht donn athair, 33 § 32 . nadm no rath no eteris, Laws i 58.7 Comm. gu-eteres, 56.2 Comm. ni heterus dlegar de, Cog. 54.20 . faccbaid bar sosair acum-sa i neterius tar cend for nanma, BB 239a15 .

anforlann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anforlann or dil.ie/3593

n (forlann) o, m.

(a) great superiority in numbers, overwhelming odds: damsa nība hanborrlond (said by Cú Chulainn of Fer Diad), TBC-I¹ 2394 (= ecomlond, TBC-LL¹ 3205 ). gan fobairt in anforlainn not to attack the superior force, CCath. 3749 . mar dorocht Dáirine donn / rop adbal in t-anforlonn, SG 367.40 ( LL 298b46 ). ro ba mor in t-anborlann . . . in da chath mora d'ḟulang, Acall. 3148 . ro fhuaisg. . . . an irgail fris an a.¤ `pressed the fight on unequal numbers', MR 274.8 . gidh deich deich céad beithdis ann / dhūinne nī badh hanforlann, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1822 . tanicc sé do chabur Sir Gyi on anfurlann-sin overwhelming onslaught, ZCP vi 30.21 . no go rucc anfforlann orra fo dheoidh `but they were at length overpowered by the main body', AFM iii 356.8 . odchualattar . . . dáil an anfforlainn dia nionnsaiechidh `the approach of such an overwhelming force', v 1736.15 . fuair goin 'na guin anḟorlainn, DDána 64.13 .

(b) straits, difficulty, plight: a n-airc nó a n-éiccion nó a n-anbḟorlann, ML 86.19 . do innsedar a n-éigean ┐ a n-anforlonn dhó, 82.11 . doba doiligh leó an t-anforlonn a raibhe M., ITS v 126.z . d'fhóirithin ar n-anḟorlainn, DDána 74.16 .

(c) injustice, oppression: anforlond na indliged, PH 4150 . cia hain[i]m no a.¤ tarraid sib, Ériu v 154.146 . rap anforlond aicnid lé dímiad . . . Í. di, LL 222a17 ( TTr. 359 ). do digail a n-eccorach ┐ a n-anbforlainn forro, Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . d'fhōiridhin a hanbhforlainn, O'R. Poems 4063 . feadh éagcaoine a hanḟorluinn / do-chí an Bhanbha . . . , TD 24.33 .

(d) In more general sense violence: fuair esgal is anforlond, Metr. Dinds. iii 128.18 . ris an ndroing chailleas a maoin . . . lé gadoighibh nó lé hanfhórlann oile (= violencia), Desid. 3396 . ag smuaineadh ar anfhorlann luchta an díomusa, TSh. 614 . imris oidedh anfforlainn fair put him to a violent death, BNnÉ 322 § 28 . trē anfhorlann na teine bhíos faoi, Párl. na mB. 3475 .

árc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. árc or dil.ie/3991

Forms: áirc, ārcc: trācht, háirce

n ā, f. Later also áirc (f., IGT Decl. § 14 ) (Lat. arca, see GOI 573 . Vendr. Lex.). ārcc: trācht, SR 2601 . áirc (: báirc), TD 7.38 . g s. na háirce (: slánte, LL 17455 , : fáilte, DDána 107.23 ).

Coffer, chest: taisi . . . do chor i n-áirc baí 'arna himdenamh d'ór ┐ d'argatt (of a saint), AFM i 404.11 . i n-a.¤ a anma, PH 7101 . ro-oslaicset a n-árccu (of the wise men), 7017 . airc na ttrī rīgh dodeachator d'aithreōss Críst, Fl. Earls 100.23 . co nár ibh daif a harcc n-aile (B. na f.), ZCP viii 102.10 = conasibh digh a leastur aile, Ériu ii 186.10 . ? crodh roimh an arc (prov.), Hard. ii 398.z . Of a coffin(?): mo comaid fri coimine / in tan focroilge a ar[c] (: barc) when his coffin lies under a grave(?), H 3.18, 19 marg. sup. = mo chuma-sa iar Cummīniu / ōn lō rofoilgedh a ārc (: bārc) `da sein Leib zugedeckt worden ist', Bruchst. 41 § 5 . donn ainech do bodba bairc / cruimgel is [a] tond fri hairc, O'Mulc. 595 .

Ark of the covenant: in nél nobith immun aírc, Ml. 83a4 . hí coimtecht inna árcae, 82d1 . ind arcc testemain, SR 4188 , Celtica iv 32.436 . co nderntais . . . in n-airc t., BB 241b8 . ar cenn na hairce, SR 6667 . ré háirc Ndé bhí, Desid. 3921 . an Áirc . . . cona taiscedhaib, Maund. 80 . treabh Leui, an Airc 'na brataigh mar shuaitheantas, Keat. iii 1997 . Of Noah: a hairc mic Laimiach tuca[d] artus (expl. of name Baircne), O'Dav. 242 . o rolínad ind arc, SR 2509 . lucht na hairce, 2606 . co toracht in n-aircc, 2571 . do bennaich Nái in áircc, Ériu v 49.8 . sáer na háircci, 49.1 . roairis in áirc iar ternam o dhilinn, Marco P. 4 .

Fig. of a person: a airc an reachta (of Blessed Virgin), Parrth. Anma 3959 .

Cf. 3 arg.

2 as

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 as or dil.ie/4359

Forms: as, ais, asa, asa

n m. as (óir) m. (g s. and n p. ais, asa), IGT Decl. § 38 . shoe, slipper; hose: `a.¤ .i. bróg a shoe, rather a stocking. Pl. asa Engl. hose ', P. O'C. hais .i. broga . . . hasaib haccrandaib .i. asa dergarimoind(?) ima cosaibh .i. asaite imtecht a tribuis ┐ a cuarain ime, O'Dav. 1068 . cúis tuirse mar táithe i nglas / fa gnáithe i n-a.¤ cuisne an chos more usual to have your foot in a shoe frozen hard, DDána 79.28 . sról no a.¤ donn fa dhemheas / do legheas bhas corr chuireas, IGT Decl. ex. 1339 . a dá ass . . . a dī lāmhann, ZCP vi 271.18 . ass (osann, osanna v.ll.) fá chois an Ríghmhilidh sin, ITS i 122.30 . go n-asaibh airgid fhinnghil / fa colpaip séimhe soillsi `he wore gaiters(?)', Duan. F. ii 392 § 80 . ass arcait ima cois cli / . . . / ass orda ima chois ndeis, Manners and Customs iii 166 n. ro fháccaibh a ionnchomhardha .i. lethass `one slipper', AFM vi 1876.6 (of a claimant to a chieftaincy, see O'Brien, Celtica ii 351-3 ). Hence fer in ais (asa) óir used in class. verse of persons of high rank (`inaugurated chief', O'Brien): fear scéith óir is aonasa (: Aodha-sa), LBranach 750 . fer an ais óir ar a eing / budh tóir ar in nGlais nGaibhnind, IGT Decl. ex. 999 . fear an éngha 's an ais óir / ní thérna tóir ar ais úaidh, ex. 1054 . dá chrann ḟir an órasa / ní rann sin 's an Sémussa, ex. 1055 . ar ngabhail géill an ais (: lais) óir, LBranach 6605 . mac Aodha na n-a.¤ n-óir, O'R. Poems 1924 . mac Sēmais do thimchail tīr / cas imc[h]air in ēnais ōir, Butler Poems 2214 . Cf. 1 assa(e).

Compd. mac Aengusa aslethain broad-shoed , LB 15b36 .

ásaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ásaid or dil.ie/4369
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ásair, assar, rohassair, fásaid

v (1 ás) Pret. 3 s. ásair, Rawl. 164b21 . Perf. ro assar , Anecd. iii 67.20 . rohassair, 22 . IGT Verbs § 123 . Also fásaid.

(a) grows of plants, people, etc.: in fualascach bec ásas asin chrunn, Sg. 65a7 . roásaiset drissi . . . tar sodin, Ml. 2a6 . lase nastae `when they are growing', 87b12 . di neoch asas á terra, Thes. ii 11.36 ( BCr. 18a2 ). nocon ássa froíchne isin maigin sin, Trip.² 1021 . bíam cúsa do imdegail do chethra . . . cor ása in cú hísin, LU 5028 ( TBC-I¹ 539 ). co mbad prapiti no asad, 4436 . a bith roóc ar níro ásatar a renga, 10157 . ind ḟidbad ro ás triana chend, LL 4478 . trian cach neich losas ┐ asas ┐ infoirbres air o thir, Laws iii 126.22 Comm. co ro asa a rind for a feor `until the top grows on the grass', iv 48.17 Comm. fidbudh . . . fora n-āsatar . . . ubla, Anecd. i 56 § 45 . ní ḟás luibh a húir, TD 11.11 . noch d'fas faoi an bféinn `grown of the Fianna's stock', O'Gr. Cat. 583.36 . co roasat a n-ulchada, Rawl. 79a20 . ro den . . . a ó co ná farcaib feoil . . . fair ┐ co ná ro assair fair riam, SG 310.x . Springs from (DI, ó): síl Aeda . . . diar ásair mór ríg, Rawl. 164b21 . ni fhāsann ech dia ngroighibh, Marco P. 175 . da nasa coimpert uathaib, Laws ii 406.31 Comm. in fhrém o fhás in uli olc, PH 7603 . an céad athair ó'r fhásamar, Eochairsg. 27.24 .

Of inanimate things increases: fásaidh slios ré ar n-a raghuin the side of the moon grows after waning, DDána 90.9 . roḟas ceo . . . dun a fog gathered around us, Ériu v 146.24 . roás ind n-imguin foraib cach dia `the slaughter increased on them', Ériu ii 30 § 15 . an mhéide ro fhāss forsan mbairghin `how much the loaf had increased', Fl. Earls 228.1 . Spreads, covers: ésga órrtha ar nár fhás dubhadh `whereon no eclipse has spread', Studies 1919, 75 § 17 . tuile gan tráigh daonnacht Dé / ar gach aon-olc nar fhás sí has it not covered every evil? A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 1 . Becomes: d'fhás feoil an leinimh te, 2 Kings iv 34 .

(b) arises, develops, esp. of dissension, war, etc.: ásaidh comrac úathmar, TTr.² 1462 . fasaidh gredan mor, Aen. 1987 . roḟás ceist adhbhalmhor ag feraibh Érenn 'mon caingin sin, Ériu iii 154 § 8 . rofás ceist mór ag Finn don ghním-sin, Fianaig. 56.14 . rofitir fein ga[ch] ni asfas dochair ind, TTebe 2325 . réidhiughadh roinn / ór ḟás d'éiliughadh eadroinn, TD 15.1 . fásuidh aimhreighe eidir e ┐ athair, Rel. Celt. ii 162.8 . Subj. unexpressed: is iarum ro ás dó ┐ do C. a quarrel arose between him and C., Rawl. 134b22 . Results from, arises from (DI, A): conid ed roḟás de sidhe . . . cormarb cach dib a cheli `it resulted that . . .', RC xviii 273.4 . ro assar iartain oc Bretnaib fledog(ug)ud imda . . . rohassair assaide sarthol ┐ etrad . . ., Anecd. iii 67.20 . is de ro fas bas Cheit, Ériu viii 176.25 . nir fas don tsluaiged sin doib-sim acht in tir . . . do lot, Ann. Conn. 1225.25 . dond errlaime asas donn iarraid, Laws i 36.10 Comm. conad he sin adbar d'ár ḟasastar fuathnell, MR 240.4 . dia tuctha na deich fo cethair is .xl. fhásas dib, Lism. L. 4620 . is as sin ro ás indiu na h-uli datha i n-etuch epscop, LL 2040 . is as fhásas in faisne[s]-sea, PH 1616 . as assin ro fhás co na deni sacart oifrenn i fiadhnaisi epscoip, AFM i 358.7 .

Occas. in impers. (trans.) use (but see Ériu xxxvi 193-94 ): nirás nach ṅduine dalbda / commus huili a aurlabra, SR 4809 = conid de sin is follus nach la duine fen comus a erlabra acht la Dia, LB 123a6 . ro ás gnóe móir in n-ingin, LU 3161 ; 'she grew with great beauty, the girl' Ériu xxxvi 193-94 (= ara n-ingin, YBL 175b50 ). Cf. Ériu ii 30 and Fl. Earls 228 supra. Vn. ás.

2 asnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 asnach or dil.ie/4461

x (asna) = 2 esnach ?: combo léir lorcc a asnaigh triana ionar, Mart. Don. 164.4 . a ha.¤ glan donn le dlús (of a castle), DDána 119.9 . cleth-cumgugad a cliab-asnaid, MR 256.21 . tromdacht isin leit deis fon a.¤ , Rosa Angl. 270.13 . torca.¤ , CF 884 .

aus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aus or dil.ie/5046
Last Revised: 2013

n (? 3 ó Ériu xxii 51 ). adventures, story, tidings: uisse ús menn | imma-c[h]ain 'fitting are the tidings that he announces clearly' Ériu xxii 43 § 14 . is iat sin mo úsa, RC x 90 n.5 (= mo turthechta sa, text). Ús (A.¤, Iuss v.ll.) in Duin Chuailngne dia thir i.e. the concluding part of the Táin Bó Cúailnge (title of a tale), Anecd. ii 43.20 (O'Cl. s.v. ús). go roib a hús ┐ a imthusa ┐ a deired na tanad gonici sein (of the Donn Cúailgne), TBC-LL¹ 6204 . us in duib cualgne dia tir .i. genemain no eolus, O'Curry 1296 (H 3.18, 539). Designation, family name: `us' gach sloinneadh, Metr. Gl. 28 § 42 . ainm ┐ a.¤ ┐ domgnás, IT iii 30.24 . Laws v 230.9 ; O'Curry 1025 (H 3.18, 432a). ainm ┐ uss ┐ slondudh, IT iii 105.25 , 29 . Cianan dona Desibh .i. uss andsin, 28 .

báegul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báegul or dil.ie/5134
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: báoghal

n o, n. (but see Laws i 90.y below) báoghal m., IGT Decl. § 17 (71.28) .

(a) unguarded condition, danger, hazard, vulnerability; chance, opportunity (of taking by surprise, inflicting an injury): amal dotéitside do gabáil báiguil intan nád nacastar gl. sicut fúr in nocte, ita ueniet, Wb. 25b28 . fri homun cech báeguil, Fél. Ep. 202. ro scrutai in ben . . ./ . . ./ forsin ṅgilla ṅglan . . ./ cinnas doberad baegol, SR 3192. ro gab A. a mb.¤ inna cotlud took them unawares, LU 5642. arnachat fagthar i mb.¤ unguarded, 6156 (H). as báoghal do thoidheacht go hionadh comhloinn. . . ┐ tú gan chloidhem, TBC-LL¹ 2866 v.l. baegul . . . gona a chance of wounding, LL 32814 ( TTr. 2028 ). i mbōegul braith in danger of betrayal, KMMisc. 266 § 27. fogeba-sa . . . baegal Eachach anocht icon fleidh, ACL iii 324.11 . fuaradur baegal teined do chur ann, Acall. 2651. is baegul mor siut . . . .i. in codlud doniat na fir, Aen. 2068. a boegul loṅgphoirt in a surprise attack on a camp, Ann. Inisf. 1068.2 . tre nert sluaigh ┐ tre báeghal, RC xviii 12.8 (Tig.). ata baeghal áonmhná sunna agad opportunity, chance, BS 50.4 . is baoghul lem gan a rochtain slán I fear, RC xxix 120 § 20. baoghal dúinn ar ndíochaisge `my unruliness is my danger', Dán Dé xi 1 . i mbaoghal a n-uaille nó a n-aigeanta d'ardughadh, TSh. 152. is cuimhin gan bhaoghal without doubt, Oss. iii 290.2 . gúas, baoghal, cunntabhairt, Eg. Gl. 382. Prov. boegal . . . i n-ecmais omain a false sense of security (of Peter, Matthew xxvi 33 , 69 ff. ), PH 3010.

(b) Legal, making a mistake in judgement, etc., liability arising from error (or negligence ?), Celtica x 32 n. 45 , cf. ZCP xv 307 (Thurn.) ``bægal' bezeichnet in den Rechtstexten eben die Fehler, die ein sonst Rechtskundiger im Rechtsverfahren begeht'): baegul .i. beo-focul .i. cach brithemain a baegul, O'Dav. 301 = Laws iii 304.4 , ZCP xvii 46. inge tri baegail naigneda (sic) . . . .i. tri hernaile ima baeglaither in t-aigne, no in treidi is baegal dontí aiges in ae, Laws i 90.y ; 92.29 Comm. Cf. Ériu xii 12 § 14. atat . . . da mbaegul n-altrama: baegul donn athair . . . a mbaegul n-aill dond aiti two ways of defaulting in fosterage, ZCP xiii 20.32 , 21.1 . cach báith a baegal, xvii 52 § 32 (`to every fool his risk'). Cf. masa druth ac toirriachtadh ┐ druth ac bualad, conrannat baith baegal (i.e. the consequences of their infringement of the law), Laws iii 162.5 Comm. conrandait baoith baogal .i. is taithnemach roindait na baoith etorru iní ima ndentar in baogal, O'Curry 2331 ( Eg. 88, 25d ).

Attrib. g s. hazardous, unguarded: dat rála i mbeirn ṁbaegail, TBC-LL¹ 3449. uair bæguil an unguarded moment, 3829 . béim baegail, Acall. 6969. conair baegail do thocht ind, Aen. 2002. a shaoghail . . ./ó 'd-chím do dhoirse baoghail, DDána 4.1 .

? Predic. g s. baoghail do dhál, a dhomhain (: tsaoghail), DDána 53.4 .

Compds. a mbaegal-berna (sic leg.), Hy Fiach. 210.11 . ní briathar bhaeghalbhraith no treacherous word, Acall. 1412.

benn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benn or dil.ie/5654
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: b(e)inn, beinde, Binde, Beinne, Binne, benna, benna, benn, bennaib, bend, bend, bend, beinn

n a d s. and n du. b(e)inn. g s. beinde, O'Curry 1021 cited infra, Binde, Celt. Rev. x 135.7 . Beinne, Binne, Hog. Onom. n p. benna, Críth G. 450. n a p. benna, g p. benn, d p. bennaib, f., DDána Gloss. Note also a s. bend, PH 2792 , IGT Decl. ex. 643. d s. bend (: lenn), K. and H. 10. n du. b.¤ , CCath. 1337. `n. (? later f.),' Críth G. Vocab.

(a) mountain, crag, peak, point; crest, summit: o Shliab Belgadain don B. / ard in b.¤ imarbaigem `lofty is the mountain', Ériu viii 26.7 , 8 . ar binn ós Loch Feabail aird, ZCP viii 223.26 . Liath na trí mb.¤ , Acall. 936. ar bennaibh is ar barrgail on hill- and tree-tops, Anecd. ii 23.23 . beinnini ar gach mb.¤ , BS 80.4 . as súd soir go beinn Bóthair, Oss. iv 20.25 . [in] ceín bess bend ar in bith `for as long as the hills shall stand', Ériu vii 229 § 77. ó bheannaibh Béirre `from the hills of B.', Aithd. D. 11.7 . ar beinn Chliachmhuighi, IGT Introd. 23.25 . (of the edge (?) of an Alpine crevasse) tuitiss sīoss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86.z . i mbeannaibh sliabh on the mountain tops, TSh. 3491. as ris shamhlaim th'aiscin-si / is ra bend i nnimh star (?), Anecd. ii 25.11 . Fig. of a pre-eminent person: Gobán sáor . . . / b.¤ ar shaoraibh, BNnÉ 241 § 179 .

Transf. of outline of land: da b.¤ cumga do thír `two narrow horns of land', CCath. 1337.

(b) pinnacle, spire; gable; corner, etc. of building, structure, etc. ; ette nó b.¤ múir gl. pinna, Sg. 67a7 . bend a pinna muri , O'Mulc. 136. for béind aird in tempuil . . . = super pinnaculum templi, Matthew iv 5 , PH 4712. Caisel . . . / b.¤ im a téigenn teine, SG 206.9 . ar beinn inna scríne, Trip. 86.10 . ar bind mhór chluigtighe Chluana pinnacle of the round tower, Celt. Rev. x 143.16 . ar chomhairle clog na seacht mbeann, Oss. iv 42.16 . . . . na múrrtha mbeann of the battlemented walls (?), KMMisc. 50.23 . ar beind chloche, ZCP xii 273.24 . in mac . . . co farcbad for beind chroisse i ndorus chille (an abandoned child), LL 36996 = Fél. 242.7 . fer coirthe .i. in fer curthur for beinn croise gan feronn, O'D. 462 (H. 3.17, 357). Laws v 134.17 Comm. mac toc[h]air .i. do binn croisi, O'Curry 399 (H. 3.18, 222b). ingen do cuirthear do cill, i mbulg no for beinn croisse, O'D. 529 (H. 3.17, 428). fágbhais ar beinn croise . . . an mála `on one of the arms of a cross', Keat. iii 2122 . caithir chuanna ceithre mbeann (of a castle), DDána 119.16 . gur thúirrlind Léithin (an eagle) ar bind don lomán `a corner of the rampike' (p. 124), Celt. Rev. x 135.21 . beann do bhúain da thalamh `to take a piece of his land' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1627. beinn `a high top, pinnacle ', Eg. Gl. 104. do bhennuibh bhárc `poops of ships', Rel. Celt. ii 228.9 . Hence in plant-name: beand múir (lit. projection on a wall) `houseleek?' (Index), ACL i 335.71 .

(c) wing of an army, fleet: i mbeind cli in catha `in the left wing of the battle', CCath. 5781. do bennaib cath, O'Dav. 1335. tig féin is beann don chabhlach i dtír `a wing of the fleet', Keat. iii 4828.

(d) horn of animal: inna benna duacarbat gl. corn[u]a, Ml. 87b12 . b.¤ gl. cornu, Sg. 63a6 . cornua .i. b.¤ , Thes. ii 46.31 . co mbert a inathar as fora beandaib (a bull), TBC-I¹ 880. for bennuib na mbó, Airne F. 353. dá beind for trí fichtib rend sixty-two points (?) (of stag's antlers), Imr. Brain ii 288.18 . benna na n-aigi, TBC-LL¹ 1342. tucsat didiu a mbenda ┐ a n-dedu docum na scor their (sc. elephants') tusks, ZCP xxx 136.6 (Alex.). (of a whale ?) na blaith ┐ na benna sin, Éigse vi 119 § 16. gell tar benna i.e. a pledge given in respect of impounded cattle: ata, dono, gell tar benna . . . di athgabail iar ndithim, Laws ii 128.29 Comm. ni dlig feichem acht apad cuicti . . . acht geall tar benda . . . dar benda na bó uair is fri logh enech teid(h), O'Curry 519 (H. 3.18, 261b).

b.¤ (búabaill) a (buffalo) horn; hence drinking horn, goblet: atraacht Conchobor ra beind breccṡolais buabaill a speckled and shining buffalo horn, LL 34745. crúaidi . . . / immar bít benna búabaill `hard . . . as a buffalo's horns' (of a hag's teeth), Ériu iv 102 § 45. etrocht bass fo beind buabaill, IT iii 47 § 76. ar ól mb.¤ `quaffing goblets', O'Gr. Cat. 479.13. See also s. búaball.

Of musical instruments b.¤ (búabaill): ro bidhgsat . . . lasin fuaim . . . do ben Ercuil asan mbeinn mbuabuillsidhe `which H. made on that trumpet', Stair Erc. 177. ro hir dom .x. ngrib ingne .x. mbenda (.i. .x. cuirn buabhaill) bonnadharc buabaill blaith, Ériu ii 4.3 . searbhghlaodhach a mbeann mbuabhall `ivory horns', TD 4.32 . píp trí mbeann `the three-droned pipe', Ó Bruad. iii 130.12 .

(e) prong, point (of various forked and pointed objects): gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti a two-pointed fork, Ériu v 72.20 . aél co mbennaib braine, LL 38335. for cetheora benna na gabla (in c[h]raind, TBC-I¹ 308 ), LU 4799. trí chét unga óir isin chainde[l]bru, secht mbenna fair forsa mbítis secht sutrulla `seven branches upon which were seven lamps', Celtica iv 32.18 . beanda . . . slegh spearpoints, ZCP xiv 230.2 . seacht cumala go leith lenta locht mara bennaib Baisgne, glossed: .uii. cumala . . . i cinaidh do beinde it armaib a ua Baiscne, O'Curry 1021 (H. 3.18, 431a-b). beann bhrasbhaoghlach thréan nách trom, Measgra D. 14.12 . b.¤ gher do beith agud, ┐ fend lesin mbeinn `have a sharp point and lance (?) it with the point', Celtica ii 46.3 . cen slegha, cen bera cen benna `points' (of a fence), Laws iv 114.9 Comm. ? carbat bo bricci for beind (benn, v.l.), IT iii 81 § 57.

(f) crest, diadem, etc. (of a helmet, head-dress, etc.): buidne bend `crested bands', Hail Brigit 20 . beann oir . . . as gach cathbarr, Anecd. ii 77 § 3. pn In epithet: Findchad Fer Bend Uma, MU² 36. donn a cuach ballghlas a beann `her coif (?)', Aithd. D. 1.34 . beann eich uaibhrigh `frontlet' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 333.20 ), DDána 111.20 . By metonymy (?) of a horse: an bheann (perh. = bean) is fearr cluas is cos, Measgra D. 15.1.4 .

(g) Various applications: bratgal na mbrat siúil risna bennaib yards , TTr. 1420 ( LL 32231 ). uagais brigais beand siuil, ` sail-tops ', Ériu xxiv 14 § 13. Of a shield: cetheora benna óir fair, TBC-I¹ 3580. Of a garment (see Ériu xvi 201 ): a dá beind imo brágait the two corners (of the cloak) about his neck, MacCongl. 65.2 . ocht mbruit co mbennaibh (mbuindibh, v.l.), Leb. Cert.² 1314. co r-gabus bend etaig Isu `hem', PH 2792. ar beinn a bruit on the skirt of her mantle, Ériu v 76.37 .

In phr. rí b.¤ king of peaks (?), one of three classes of kings enumerated in Críth G. (see p. 104 ): ríi b.¤ . . . Is hé rí túaithe insin las mbiat .vii. ngrá(i)d Ḟéne cona foḟodlaib i céilsini, ar it hé benna flatha doruirmisem, Críth G. 448 - 450 . O'Dav. 1335.

(h) In adverbial phrases: immo rēir a b.¤ i mb.¤ `from height to height' (Thurn.), for ever (?), ZCP xi 57 § 10. co bráth b.¤ for ever (and ever): ni theit co brath buidneach beann / neach it relcib in ifernd, YBL 318a58 . o sin amach co brath mbend, Anecd. ii 40.7 . re mbrath mbend, BB 17b32 .

(i) Freq. in nn. loc., usu. in senses point, peak, hill , see Hog. Onom. B. Étair, ibid., also ZCP xv 195.

In late use heed, attention, regard: gan beinn air bith air na haitheanta do choimheud `without any care to keep the commandments', Donlevy 176.24 . ní bhí beann agad orum = thou regardest me not, Job xxx 20 . nách fuil . . . beann aco air, Párl. na mB. 625 . gan beann do chur ar raidhtibh na heagluisi coitchinne, Luc. Fid. 3993. na cuir beann, suim, spéis, seadh, ann `regard', Eg. Gl. 71.

Compds.

(a) With nouns: don bheannabrog bhuadhach bhán gabled mansion, 23 G 24 , 388 . dá cromsciath ┐ da bendchlaidiub mara occo, LU 7671 (BDD). ōs Bregmaig na mbendchros ` peaked crosses', Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25. re fogur thet mbeandchrot, Lec. 174rb3 (for mennch. ?). sreatha . . . téad mbeannchrot, Maguires of F. 86. cloidme m[ora] benndorncair horn-hilted, TBC St. 4524 , Gloss. cuirn mc Donnchadha / dleghait buideachus / buidhe bendgealla securities of horn (?), IT iii 91 § 128. do bheannmhoighe `thy lofty plains', Gadelica 11 § 3 .

(b) With adjj.: faoidh a stoc mbennbuidhe ` yellow-tubed ', O'Gr. Cat. 474.20. táin láoghach bhenncor bhó with pointed horns, KMMisc. 174 § 33. do dhromchladh na Bóirne bennghairbhe ` rugged-topped ', AFM vi 2102.11 . laogh Droma bheinnghil Bhó `white-peaked D.B.', Aithd. D. 25.12 . rosaich co Cua cendmar cain / comét bend-glan in buair sain, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 .

(c) With adjj. formed from nouns: múr na sgiath mbeannbhladhach mbláith with fair-famed and gabled buttresses, DDána 119.1 . tar beilgibh bennchairrgidhe `rocky passes', AFM vi 2198.8 . brocc bendchoprach (sc. Cell Dara), RC xiii 114 § 160 (see ¤chopor supra). cloidme benndornachae 'swords with hilts of horn', BDC 106.37 .

1 bith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bith or dil.ie/5971
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: inb, betho, beotho, betha, biuth, bithu, bithe, mbetha, bethaib

n u, m. GOI §§ 73 , 307 . n s. an b.¤ , Blathm. 245. a s. inb, Wb. 22b13 . g s. betho, 1a3 , 14b10 , 29a8 , 31b18 , Ml. 16c5 , 54a15 , 88a3 , beotho, Wb. 11a19 . betha, 15d9 . Ml. 46d6 , 68b9 . d s. biuth, Wb. 12c16 , Ml. 24b13 . a p. bithu, Wb. 4c4 . bithe, Beatha Bharra 62.111 , BNnÉ 7 § 23 . g p. mbetha, LU 2001 ( FA 6 ). d p. bethaib, Imr. Brain 26. b.¤ m. (acht gan illradh aige), IGT Decl. § 71.

I

(a) the world: isin biuthso gl. in hoc mundo, Wb. 12d4 . isin mb.¤-sa gl. in hunc mundum, 29b14 . is dered ṁbetho inso `this is the end of the world', 10b3 . fon mb.¤ `throughout the world', Thes. ii 334.4 (Hy. v). do thustin an betha, Ériu ii 98 § 1. tuigithir blath inb.¤ `blossom covers the world', Ériu xxii 41 § 4 (MS). ad-comaicc a erball do thochur in beatha tar a cheann (of Leviathan), BDD² 503. no sirfed . . . in m[b]ith mbras, LU 3554 ( SCC 29 ). céin boí in díliu forsin b.¤ (for b.¤ v.l.), Airne F. 76. in b.-sa is b.¤ cáich ar n-uair `this world belongs to each (generation) in turn', Ériu ix 48 § 22. m'ænur dolod forsin mb.¤ `alone I came into the world', ii 56 § 14 . da mad he in b.¤ uli dogebtha, PH 7581. timcheall an betha `round the world', TTebe 4471 . cech noeb . . . bias / for b.¤ barrglass broenach, Gorm. 250 Ep. § 1 . báidhtir an bioth, DDána 26.16 . do lucht an bheatha, TSh. 7645. Freq. in phr. fir betha inhabitants (men) of the world, mankind, people: fir betho, Ml. 16c5 . di ḟeraib Hérenn nach di feraib betha, BDD² 917.

Often in theolog. sense the (temporal or material) world as opposed to the spiritual one: ó deithidin in betho .i. ó sétchi, Wb. 10b15 . amal ro mbo marb Ísu don biuthso `dead to this world', 15b25 . ní car Brigit būadach b.¤ , Thes. ii 327.13 (Hy. v.). mo chlūasa / . . . / nār ēistet . . . / . . . for b.¤ bētach the shameless world, ZCP vi 259 § 3. docotar . . . fri tola in betho `to worldly desires', Wb. 29d8 . See 1 cé.

(b) land, territory, soil: urcollud b.¤ brug betha go banna .i. uasal-collud for in mb.¤ .i. for in tír, O'Dav. 312. dobeir in ṁblicht isin ṁb.¤ , Ériu ix 50 § 37. bid íatt bus mesa / dūibh for b.¤ Banba, ZCP viii 110. 31 . lachttrom dúibh an bioth `the land', Magauran 354 .

(c) existence, life: i ndiththrub in beotho `in the desert of Life', Wb. 11a19 . ná ragad ar cúlu . . . co bruinni mbrātha ┐ betha, TBC-I¹ 1834. báire an bheatha `life's game', Dán Dé vii 3 . ar táille an bheatha i n-a mbíod span of life, xxiii 25 . Note also: amal aipgitir in betha `the alphabet of the fauna', Auraic. 5600.

In ds. in phrases ar-beir, airbert, comairbert biuth, see these words.

In phr. isin b.¤ , for (ar) b.¤ in the world, in existence; hence developing to anywhere, at all; (follg. a noun) any, whatsoever, see also s.v. 1 cía; freq. follg. a noun in neg. sentences nothing, no(one) at all: can co rabur acht oenlá . . . ar b.¤ but one day alive, TBC-LL¹ 1112. baterc for b.¤ mnai a samail for chóemi scarcely anywhere was there to be found, PH 830. na Ulltach eli for b.¤ `or any Ultonian', MR 38.16 . imad dérchointe . . . ┐ cecha eccumsanta for b.¤ of every unrest whatsoever, PH 4314. a bpéin budh mó san mbioth `in the greatest possible pain' (Gloss.), Desid. 1440. gibé ar bioth ní whatever , 593 . ni chumaic tra nech for b.¤ (isin b.¤ frecnairc-sea, LU 1996 ) tuaruscbail . . . na n-oirecht sin, FA 6 (LB). nac fitir a chuphus for (ar v.l.) b.¤ cidh no biadh doib donn orgain, Anecd. ii 49 § 11. nach béradh aen troigh teichid . . . ar comha ar b.¤ , Cog. 252.18 = ar coma sa b.¤ , 186.10 . ní háil leam . . . obair ar bioth shaoghaltha, Desid. 2511. ní fhuil ar bioth eascairde aguinne as mó, 478 . Note also: ba lōr a onōraighi . . . ar b.¤, dia madh rī no-biadh ann grand . . . enough indeed for a king, Fl. Earls 46.z . ar b.¤ any, Eg. Gl. 707. nom-bera ar bith at all events, RC xxiv 60 § 19. tar gach mbioth ` everywhere ', BS 30.22 . See McCaughey, SGS xii 30 - 33 .

II Age, period (see GOI § 365 ): is hé in b.¤ dédenach diand ebrath b.¤ sīl Chuind ┐ Muman ind [ḟ]laith co bráth, ZCP viii 313.30 . b.¤ cc. rob. ccl. a `bith' is 200 years, a `robith' 250, O'Curry 21 (H.3.18, 9b). o rosaigh co dechnemur is ann is ro b.¤ , 20 (ibid.) ? ic turc[a]bail na mbithó, Lism. L. 760. In phr. isna (tre, tria) bithu for ever: is dia bendachthe isna bithu gl. benedictus in secula, Wb. 4c4 . tria bithu na mbetha (Lat. per saecula saeculorum), LU 2001 ( FA 6 ). tre bithu betha (= in saecula), Lat. Lives 2 § 2. noco techtai sruth intí ná eissi acht lán tre bithu (= semper), 29 § 23. ro hedhbhradh dó hí trí bithe 'was surrendered up to him in perpetuity', Beatha Bharra 62.111 ​​​​. anaid hi sist ┐ hi ccairdes tre bithe, BNnÉ 7 § 23​ . piana ... o nach ternaife tré bíthe, Aisl. Tond. xiii 3 . See sír.

Compds. (freq. bid- in Wb., but cf. bith- 3b4, 3b7, 24a17). Only in meaning lasting, permanent, perpetual (later also as intensive and/or alliterative prefix). Cf. b.¤ .i. sir, Corm. Y 126 n. 8 . nad etsa bas b.¤ , ACC 98 (indep. use of bith ever , Misc. Hib. 50 § 366 ).

With adjj.: ag Tegh Moling biothainglighi ` ever-angelic ', BS 80.y . an ógh bithálainn bennaighthe `beauteous', BNnÉ 275 § 254 . robo bith-buaghlach (? -báoglach) bailedhach buadhartha, O'Dav. 297. act bid bidbéo gl. non moritur, Wb. 3b2 . is bithbeo corp crist, 3b4 . bad bithbíi i n-ísu, 3b7 . totchurethar bíi bithbi (rhetoric), LU 10027. teine bithbéo ` perpetual ' (Vocab.), Críth G. 180. a bhó bhithbhliocht always rich in milk (of Mary), Aithd. D. 97.27 . fear biothcaithmheach ` constantly-spending ', AFM v 1424.26 . nipsa bla bithdilis (b.¤ diles, v.ll.) inalienable , Anecd. ii 60.6 . it bithdommai sidi dǽ gente gl. inopes, Ml. 36c14 . bithḟotai sidi gl. uocalibus semper longuis, Sg. 5b 1 . bithgairddi gl. perpetuo breues, Sg. 5a14 . scieth bithghel, TBC St. 4561. Ol ṅguala .i. dabach Geirg, for lár in tige bithlán ` ever-full ', Ériu iv 30.25 . Brigit bé bithmaith `ever excellent', Thes. ii 323.1 (Hy. iv). a cind secht mbliadan mbithmas, ZCP v 23 § 4 . no-meilinn léini mbithnuí, Lament 2 . combi bidslán ` ever-sound ', Wb. 4d33 . cen soinmigi ┐ doinmigi do tecmung . . . acht robu bithsóinmech doib, Ml. 90c27 . for pianad bithsuthin `in the everlasting punishment', Ml. 26d12 .

With nouns: .iiii. bliadna pennite ┐ bith-ailithre (= cum peregrinatione perenni), Ériu vii 144 § 21. beannacht ┐ bithbheannacht perpetual blessing, DDána 120.31 . bithbés troiscta `continual fasting', Mon. Tall. 161.1 . uita aeterna .i. . . . bid bidbethu, Wb. 4a13 . immin bidbethid, 15c14 . i mbithchāin `as a perpetual law', Cáin Ad. 28. bithchen do thíchtu, MU² 58. comalta ┐ fer bithchotaig dam, LU 6007 (TBC). mnā do uhith i mbithdōire in perpetual bondage, Cáin Ad. 16. bithfer fíta na riaglae one who keeps to the prescribed ration, Mon. Tall. 151.24 . donfé don bithflaith `eternal kingdom', Thes. ii 325.16 (Hy. iv). do bithgres always, SR 4912. ní dúthrais a bithingnais `his perpetual absence', Thes. ii 291.10 . [i m]bithphennit, Wb. 24a17 . bidserc doib gl. inseruerunt sé doloribus multis, Wb. 29b23 .

With vnn. doarngert bithanad isin chill sin, RC xxiv 56 § 17. bhithbeith gan forcenn i fudhomhnuibh pian, Ériu ii 122 § 63. biddixnugud fírinne `eternal existence', Wb. 14c31 . bidfoglim doib gl. semper discentes, 30c15 . in bithiata hi robaid riam `of the perpetual closure', Ml. 46a8 . ba ferr lim dobertha oldaas a bithtarṅgire than to be constantly promised, Mór M. 262 § 1.6 .

With vbs. ( GOI § 384 ): ro-bithbéo it pardus `may I be for ever', Fél. Ep. 39. faithchi i mbithbiat caírig `in which there are always' (Vocab.), Críth G. 198. in Coimde robhithbhai ┐ bhithbias, Ériu ii 106 § 19. ? is fris con bith bennaib búredar (= bith-buireadar co mbennaib, ed., 105 n.43), ZCP xi 87 § 48. a Chrīosd, bhiothmhairios ad th'airdrígh, Parrth. Anma 4827.

2 blá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 blá or dil.ie/6000

adj (Lat. flavus, Vendryes, De Hibernicis Vocabulis) yellow: bla .i. buidhe . . . bla dét et docíthí dadae a n-Oenach Life, ┐ rl. (`the quotation is corrupt,' ed.), O'Dav. 195. Cf. blaith .i. buidhe . . . adciadis a nAenach Lipthi broga for aghaib bleithi, eich fo berti blaithi, 322 . bla dét donn tenge, 588 . bla .i. buidhe, O'Cl. ? fo nelaib bla, SR 3339. ? buidnib b.¤ , 3423 .

Compd. trī bearrtha blāibuidi foraib (description of three warriors), TBC-I¹ 3321. bogada blathi blabuidi, Cog. 158.23 .

boga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. boga or dil.ie/6285

Forms: bogha, bóghadh

n m. (ON loanword, Bidrag 59 , 127 ) bogha m., IGT Decl. § 2. bow (weapon): telggai b.¤ fuile formach n-air ale, bar Laeg, LL 12280 ( TBC-LL¹ 6032 ). dorat E. . . . saigit ina b.¤ , ACL iii 323.17 . ro idhbair a séodu ule . . . etir eocho . . . ┐ bogha ┐ bolgṡaighid, RC xviii 182.8 (Tig.). tucusa sidhi retha . . . mar soighid a bogha, Acall. 6057 - 8 v.l. batar leosen saigitbuilc . . . ┐ bogada blathi blabuidi, Cog. 158.23 . do bogadaibh bircennaip benncrommaibh, CCath. 5442. tuccatur in fraiss do bai isna bodhadaib dia 'raili `shot off the volley . . . in their bows', Ann. Conn. 1405.15 . bró do bhoghaibh `a dense mass of bows', Magauran 3611 . h'fearg ag béin dā mboghadhuibh `your fierceness tackling their bows (i.e. killing their bowmen)' (Notes), O'R. Poems 60. do bhris sé saighde an bhogha, Psalms lxxvi 3. Fig. a bogha an bháis, TSh. 3863. Attrib. gen.: lucht bóghadh `bowmen', Rel. Celt. ii 188.26 . tarrla dfior bogha, 27 . bow, curve: co fuil an b.¤ ata a timcill na talman comhcruinn `the curve' (of the firmament), Ir. Astr. Tr. 22.21 . bogha uisge = a rainbow , Rev. iv 3. biorbhogha `a Rainbow ', Eg. Gl. 733.

Name of a plant: pulleghium Planta Christi .i. bogha .m. .i. lochull, ACL i 333 § 26. See lochall.

Compds. With noun: na boghabhla bending (i.e. laden) appletrees, IGT Decl. ex. 136. With adj. boghadhonn (b.¤ + donn ), boghadonn (boghadh + donn ), IGT Introd. § 142. (illustr. of two types of compd.).

1 bruiden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bruiden or dil.ie/7093
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bruidhean

n ā, f. bruidhean (rit ┐ ón tigh) (o dha chéill, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 54 (see 2 bruiden).

hostel, large banqueting-hall; house, mansion (also of similar hall in otherworld, O'Rahilly, EIHM 121 f .): bithobéle trá in b.¤ is aire asberthea bruden di ar is cosmail fri beólu fir oc cor bruidne. no bruden .i. bruthen .i. en bruthe inte, LU 6997 ( BDD 64 ). is [s]í sin (i.e. B. Meic Dathó) in chōiced bruiden ro-boī i nHērinn . . . ┐ bruden Da-Derg . . . ┐ bruden Ḟorgaill Manaich ┐ bruden Me[i]c Da-Rēo . . . ┐ bruden Da-Choca, Sc.M² 1. se Bruidni Erenn . . . / Bruidin Da Berga . . . / Bruden Mic da tho . . . / Bruden Da Coga . . . / Bruden mic Cecht da reo n-ard . . . / Bruden Blai briughaidh . . . / Bruden Forgaill Mhanach, RC xxi 396 § 31 (see O'Rahilly loc. cit.). Maicne nAlim arme aichirburi bruid[n]e Deirgg, O'Mulc. 606. luid C. . . . isin mBruidin, BDD² 524. dorus na Bruidhne, 536 . co fintaís a n-esbada oc brudin, LU 7035 ( BDD 67 ). drumne d'ór milib molta bruidni berga, LL 6447 ( RC xxxvi 262 § 1 ). Dardain bruidne Daberga, YBL 125b21 . bás ríg na llaech 'sin Brudin / la Iṅcél caech, MacCarthy 196 § 1 . i n-iarthar Midi im Bruidin Da Choca .i. brugaidh, Geneal. Tracts 163 § 124. co B. mc. Dareo, 123 § 3 . buaile donn narodluigheadh / bruighean donn ┐ tenedh, IT iii 85 § 81. amal chíaig do rigbrudin, LU 6476 (TBC). for coi ceithre sliged no bid nach b.¤ , RC xxi 314 § 31 (B. Da Chocae). secht ndoruis isin bruidin, Sc.M² 1 . ós blai bruidhne, Acall. 454. SG 104.8 . d'ionnsaighidh ná bruighne `to attack the court', ML 52.33 . ba b.¤ ban ndérach ndocht `thou shalt be a lodging of tearful . . . women', Metr. Dinds. iii 96.19 . san bhruidhin ós Bhreaghmhuigh `in the castle', PBocht 10.15 . bruidhean ḟuar na ndrithleann ndearg (Ifreann), DDána 31.3 . 'san mbruidhin sin, Keat. Poems 1484. bruidhean bíatuigh, IGT Decl. ex. 814. tiad do bhruidhin . . . M. make submission to M., DDána 85.49 (see tech). ? cobrath ṁbrudin, SR 931 (2 bruiden ?).

In `togla' group of tales (see Heldensage 21f.): na toghla . . . Togail Bruidne Da Derga, Togail Bruidne Da Choga, Togail Bruidne Belcon Breifne, Togail Bruidne Dáthi, Anecd. ii 44 § 5. B. da Cocæ in scel sin anuas, RC xxi 394 § 72. See also 2 bruiden

Common in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. B. (grouped under Dinnogam), Auraic. 5688.

búalann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búalann or dil.ie/7259

n bualann .i. buaidh, ut est briathra bualann[a] britheman .i. briathra bualanna no buadacha na mbritheman de beith ann, O'Dav. 269. buadhlainn .i. breitheamhain, O'Cl. badar bualaind ┐ badair firbreathaígh ín triar oile, BB 19a12 . buadlainn ┐ . . . firbrethimh . . . .i. Goisden, Aimirgin ┐ Donn ` jurists ', Geneal. Tracts 5 § 8. cuma ní ḟeadar bíodh aithfear ar bhuadhlannaibh ` judges ', Ó Bruad. iii 172.7 (buadhlann .i. breithiomh; ionann buadhlann ┐ breithiomh, v.ll).

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