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bráth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bráth or dil.ie/6579

 

Forms: brách, -áith, -átha, bratha

n u and o, m. See GOI 198. 1 - 3 . Wagner, Beiträge 294 n.13 , ZCP xxviii 238. Also brách. b.¤ m. g s. -áith, -átha, no pl. inflexion, IGT Decl. § 38.

Judgment, esp. the last Judgment, Doom, Doomsday: brath .i. combrec din donni is braut .i. judex. is la brethemain din a ænur in laethesin in brátha .i. Jesu Christi , Corm. 6. brāth a bratio, ar is ed būaid dēdenach bīas .i. lāithe mbrātha. Bratiium didiu mind doberar for cend mīled iar coscar: sic breth brātha iar forcinn gnīma cāich, O'Mulc. 123. bairesc .i. forcend mbrātha, 179 , cf. O'Dav. 308. lasnahí dofuircifea b.¤ i mbethu `the Judgment', Wb. 25b16 . isamlid dorriga dia do b.¤ `even so God will come to judgment', 28 . co iar mbrath `until after Doom', Ml. 128b1 . immi co tíssat do brāth (:cāch) that led by him (sc. Pátraic) they may come to Judgment, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). donnesmart i mb.¤ a brithemnacht .i. arin brithemnas bratha, 322.9 , 28 (Hy. iii). dogoa bethaid no brath he chooses life or doom, LL 19069 ( Misc. Hib. 17 § 3 ). baramhail ar bh.¤ (of a futile attempt), ML 98.12 . sgela . . . an bhracha, KMMisc. 316.27 . smál borb an brátha, IGT Decl. ex. 993. ar cinn bráith (: -tráith), ex. 994 .

Legal: brath .i. bríad .i. fuigheall. ┐ fuigheall on mbreithir brath, O'Cl. b.¤ Cai Judgment of Cae (name of a mythical lawgiver, see Laws i 20 f. Introd. to Senchus Mór), a legal precept , O'Mulc. 125 cited infra; hence law inherent in such a precept, customary law ( Bürgschaft 75.16 ): ba Cai ba breithem laisin luingius uile (sc. luinges macc Míled). Inde dicitur Brethcath no brath Cai . . . brath amh inn cach brethi . . . amuil asberur brath . . . don brath deighinuigh beirius Dia for a duile, Laws i 22.4 - 7 Comm. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi. aliter quod est verius .i. Cǽi Cænbrethach . . . nach tan bíther can ríg isna tuathaib is bráthchǽi fogniad forru fri hurradus. dia mbe imorro rig is rechtge són amail as maith lais, Corm. 7. Cf. a mbreith Chæi Chaenbrethaig, 9 s. clithar sét. nach tan din mbithe cin rí is na hib (sic) tuathaib is brácai fogni eturra fria urradus dia mbe imorro, ri is rechtgi son amail is maith lais is aire din isberar Cae caoinbrethach de fo bith it bretha rachta no beri, O'Curry 2278 ( Eg. 88, 20bb ). brathcae .i. breth .i. aithgin ae .i. dire, 2757 (81a1), O'Dav. 244. brathchai .i. bretho Cai, ainm aicepta bēlri, O'Mulc. 125. amail isbeir a mBrathchae: anad cach athgabala, etc., Laws i 210.28 . it cetheora urrathas docuisin: urrathas bratha cai, ┐ urrathas cana, ┐ aurrathas cairdi, ┐ aurrathas fri neimtiu, 260.14 .i. a cin a brethemh[n]acht Cai Cainbrethaidh urris .i. is fair aratus a cin is in riaghuil, 274. 29 Comm. it cetheora arag fristobngiter na ceithri aurathais; aithgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, aitire fri cairddi, gell fri neimthiu, 260.16 (see Bürgschaft loc. cit.). See Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 195 - 199 , ZCP xxxi 39 , Celtica x 51 .

In phrr. día (lá) brátha, see 3 día, : fri laa brátha gl. ad iudicium, Wb. 29a28 . cu llae .m.brátho, Thes. ii 239.14 (Ardm.). b.¤ bennachtan a sentence of blessing (precise application in TBC not clear): bia foind animsin co roseacha brāth bennacht ( bennachtan, LU 6100 ) fort, TBC-I¹ 1629 (Cú Ch. to the Morrígu). dombertsom brāth bennachtan furi, 1752 = b.¤ bennachtan, LU 6254. is é brath forgell (compound bráthḟ. ?) bennachtan Domnaill . . . ro briathraigestar as á bheol `it was in reality the influence of the blessing of . . . D.', etc. MR 298.8 .

In adverbial phr. co b.¤ , co dé mbrátha (see 3 día) till Doomsday, for ever; in neg. sentence never: cech nóeb bói, fil, bías / co b.¤ . . . `up to Doom', Fél. Ep. 290. méraid co dé ṁbratha (: rrátha), Prol. 174. adopart Áed aidacht . . . du P. cu bb.¤ , Thes. ii 242.19 (Ardm.). co brāch nō īar mbrāch, ZCP x 345.2 . ni ba fer dam-sa co brach thú, vi 34.6 . 'na ainbheas go b.¤ ná bíod let them never be ignorant of it, Dán Dé ix 21 . co dtī an brāth, ML² 163.

In wider sense doom, destruction: brath .i. milleadh, O'Cl. ō thuc b.¤ do Ch. `dealt doom to C.', Hail Brigit 5 . is bēimm do brāth (: āth) ma robīth destruction (Meyer), Bruchst. i 55 § 123 ; AFM ii 648.24 . co mbi brāth do thúathaib ┐ do ecailsib `ruin to peoples and churches', Ériu i 218 § 3. brāth for buidne (of a warrior), TBC-I¹ 353. b.¤ ┐ digal, LL 32665 ( TTr. 1873 ). fá díothúghadh deagh-dhaoine . . . an brath céad ┐ ceann ┐ colann `the loss in men', etc. ML 130.25 . daíg ni b.¤ dar brúach, LL 10333. an brath tar bruachaibh `the (man of) destruction over the border', CF 307.

Attrib. g s.: tene bratha `the fire of Doomsday', Mon. Tall. 129.37 . In vague general meaning great, terrible, awful: blascbeim brátha (in collision of fighting bulls), LL 12372. tonn bhrátha an talmhan ar troimnimh (of Vikings), SGS iv 66 § 28.

Compds. With nouns and verbal nouns: aga buaidred, ┐ aga bhrath-aimsiugad, MR 268.30 . brath-airlech na mbuiden, 238.9 . bráithbemenna mára deadly blows, LU 10459. bar a bráthbalcbemmennaib, LL 107846 (TBC). o brathbuilleadaib mora mileta `lethal blows', TTebe 2531 . noco cumgaid . . . a aisneis in brathlai bodba dorocair ar lar na Troi day of doom, BB 444b4 . in brathlecc bidbad, LL 8220 `the des- tructive stone of enemies' (sc. Fergus), TBC-LL² 657 . ro fotraicsidar . . . an mbrathluirg `the lethal club', TTebe 1003 . U. cona brathsluagaib `destructive horde', Caithr. Thoirdh. 45.17 . cona bhrathsocraite, 49.34 . leis an mbráith-theine with the fire of Doom, TSh. 4003.

With adjj. derived from nouns: beithir . . . braithbéimniuch, MR 278.25 . braithbheartach .i. mórbhuilleach, no móirbhriathrach, O'Cl. buarach brath-bodb[d]a `mighty', MR 296.10 . mac Aeda bratbuillig (sic) `warlike', 292.11 . a bráthbullig Midi (subst.), LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). buidni brathgonacha, ZCP xxx 114.31 .

tellair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tellair or dil.ie/40469

 

n k (Lat. tellus, see Laws Crit. 30 ). earth, ground: tellair i.e. a tellure , Corm. Y 1241 . ut est isin tShenchus Mar: laith finn for telraig .i. ass na mbó for talmain, 575 = tellraig, Corm. 19 flaith = laith find for tellraig, Laws i 64.4 .i. as na mbó iarsa talmain ... for tullrech in talman, no for tul dreiche in talman .i. donni is tellus ur, talam, 66.4 Comm. tellur .i. talam ōndī as telluris. tellrach á réim, O'Mulc. 868 . teallur .i. talamh, O'Cl.

1 úir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úir or dil.ie/43032

 

Forms: úir, úr, úir, fú, úir, úi, úir, úra, húraib, uir

n f. and m. n s. (a) ind úir , LU 4942 . Ériu ii 202 § 20 . (b) úr (ó dhá chēill) m., IGT, Decl. § 96 (g s. úir). PBocht 27.29 . fú, O'Dav. 866 ( Ériu xiii 24 ). v s. a úir , Studies 1922, 585 § 7 . a d s. úi, Wb. 13d3 . LU 4734 . LL 4b37 . IGT, Decl. ex. 1735 , ex. 1754 . g s. úir, Fél. Prol. 128 . Matthew xiii 5 . n p. úra, SG 33.7 . d p. húraib, ZCP viii 313.27 . See also exx. below.

Mould, earth, clay, soil : n s. in uir (gl. humus), Ir. Gl. 578 . ūr. i. trēide fordingair : ūr cētamus .i. talam, Corm. Y 1270 . mūr .i. mō a úr .i. a talam, 910 . ur .i. talum, O'Dav. 1611 . cf. tathbongar fúr, fuinter arbhar, Ériu xiii 24.11 ( fúr .i. talam, ut est tathbongar fúr, O'Dav. 866 ) donní is tellus ur, talam, Laws i 66.5 . oir robi foirbrethach fur .i. nocha gnath gu ngabann se talam gurab forbartach uir ime .i. co ro foirbrister a uir a nuir aile, O'Curry 2237 (< Eg. 88 f. 17 (18)b ). uir mín `fine clay,' Laws iv 86.21 Comm. conidnacca issin chlud ┐ ro boí ind úir imbi do cach leth día diclith, LU 4942 . doberar uir ┐ grian ┐ clocha forsin monai, 10815 (= Ériu xii 178 ). dorat cul fri clotha | cen bes uir im clacha, BB 299a24 (leg. úr ?). siladh clann, ur lesium sin, ar is i uir in talman dogni silad na clann cuirtir inti, Auraic. 5652 . ceann riamh dár bh'aoinpheall an úr, PBocht 27.29 . a d s. doire a cummisc ar úir (gl. seminatur in ignobilitate), Wb. 13d3 . lelgatár ... da ech Con C. in n-úir co rrici na clocha, LU 4734 . fogeltat ... fér co húir TBC-LL¹ 551 . foclass a búrach dó, is inund sōn ┐ focheird úir da luib taris (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 1491 . fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu, 6145 . cuid dá chlúimh ó eón do an | ar reódh re húir mur ḟuasgladh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1469 . cotomélani in fer sin a óenur ar úir ┐ grían, LU 8700 ( FB 52 ). cf. coto-mélat ar múr ┐ grían, LU 5558 . na cotlad nococomraiced a thoeb fri húir noicht, Three Hom. 122.21 (= ria húir nocht, Lism. L. 1093 ). for úir luimm ┐ cloch fó chind, Trip. 484.12 . lán in dela de úir, LL 30c39 (= lán na telach di úir, Dinds. 1 § 31 ). fuarutar folliuchta beca isin uir ic dorus ... na huama, PH 6330 . úr dind húir a Themis, ZCP viii 313.29 . ní biaidh ith i n-úir ... don bás hísin, ZCP viii 111.24 . fa úir na huaighe, Ir. Monthly 1922, 156 § 34 ( DDána p. 127 ). ní ḟás luibh a húir fan orluinn, TD 11.11 . g s. ó luid i lloc n-úire `into a place of mould' (i.e. the grave), Fél. Prol. 128 . míl úre worms , ib. Ep. 219 . a techt i nhúire adba `that they should go into the abode of clay' (i.e. the grave), Fianaig. 10 § 8 . cf. adbae othna ... .i. adba uire ┐ cloiche, Corm. Y 80 . a mbreith a ndúrthech n-úre, Ir. Review 1912, 248 ( Lec. [347b ]). brat fuar is adhbhadh úire, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 5 . ó do claidhedh cladh úire ar Ceithern, TBC-LL¹ 4463 (St). tardúth úire for sleibe garba combtar maige fo scothaib, LL 6b18 . dorn úire `a handful of clay' Metr. Dinds. iv 86 . tucsat fo tuinn uill uire | co nduire a ndruim fri daeine, ZCP vi 265 § 19 . im diubu nuire `for digging a churchyard,' Laws i 202.1 . a bhḟearann chlochach mar nach raibhe mórán uíre aige, Matthew xiii 5 . In plant-name : leo úire mezereon, spurge : see ACL i 342 . Hogan Luibhl. 115 . cf. fil dún ó thossuch dúle | cen áiss, cen foirbthe n-úre, Imr. Brain § 44 . n p. itt ē side húra dolēicthe hi Temair, ZCP viii 313.28 . a p. is aire tucsan na taisi ┐ na húra sin illé, SG 33.7 . Rí ro delb ... hura co derb im thalmain, SR 38 (= uir in talman, Laws i 26.25 Comm. ). d p. dollotar ... co nhúraibh cathrach Themis leó, ZCP viii 313.27 .

Special and figurative uses : úir cheiníl kindly soil : giodh ar deighshíl Duin (MS Dun, et sic leg.) na nGall | ni húir cheinil sa gcongbhand, Irish Texts ii 105.15 (cf. cré cheiníl, e.g., IGT, Decl. ex. 1600 ).

Followed by defining gen. (of place) : tar uir nAi, O'Dav. 102 . in t-áenmacc rig is fearr tāruill úir Érenn riam, ZCP viii 111.12 . gan tadhall ar úir nÉirionn, TD 36.10 . mar tṡaltraim ar úr Indse | acmhainn mo ṡúl ṡilimse, IGT, Decl. 1735 . faithche ... an dúin ..., | úir Pharthais nó a haithghin í, TD 11.10 . Ground : lecit uile a ngluine ┐ a cinn fria huir `floor,' Marco P. 85 . This seems the original meaning in : techt le nimh tnúith dom thinnmhe | fá úir libh ní leigfimne, 23 L 17, 150a § 11 (`unpunished' Content. p. 104 n.3 ). Cf. fo lár i dteannta póite ag ól na gcuach go húr draining to the bottom (?), Hackett xxxvii 2 . Here perh. : dobér-sa tré Dia na ndúl ainim it' eachaibh co húr, SG 26.35 , but cf. 2 úr.

Freq. of the grave (with i n-, or fo ; téit i n-, fo, do) : daine i n-úir, TBC-LL¹ 5641 (St). co fárcbad ... | hÍr in n-úir ... Sceillic, Ériu iv 138.2 . do bhí ós chách is é i n-úir (i.e. Christ), DDána 38.25 . do luigh san úir is do iompó, 20.40 . iar mbás do éirigh ón úir, 38.3 . an triath-ḟlaith i n-úir, Keat. Poems 512 . glúin as uaisle don ḟeadhain | uaim-se fa úir Oirbhealaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 46 . do-beir i n-úir brings into the grave, kills : Uargháoth do rad slóigh a n-úir, Duan. F. i 52.51 . With téit, etc.: Ladru ... isé cetna marb dochoid fo úir Herenn, LL 4b37 . isé cetna epscop dochoid fó úir nErend, Trip. 242.18 . is and luid i n-úir in rí | i n-amsir duir Darcelli, 532.20 . atágur dul i n-úir n-úair, Ériu i 68.7 . seabhac na seabhac ... | do dhul i n-úir i dtúis na hóige, O'Rah. xv 16 . a dhul don úir, is dubhach na scéalta, xiv 34 . dochuaid Hiruath in n-uir ┐ a n-ifrind, YBL 137a32 (= etir ūir ┐ ifrinn, ZCP iii 227.11 ). tá gliadar is siansa na n-éan go ciúin | ó thriallais a Dhiarmaid Uí Laoghaire i n-úir, O'Rah. xxii 216 . See also under g s. above.

ó doradadh úir tar Aedh since A. was buried , ACL iii 304 iii § 7 . uir aniuil tarut hi forcend do sheta `foreign mould over thee at the end of thy way' (i.e. after thy death), LB Fél. p. clxxxv 6 . nach óen tarsa raga úir (v.l. hur) inna hinnsi hitá nicon aidlefa a ainm pé[i]n n-iffirn, who shall be buried there , Ériu ii 202 § 20 .

oil úir : iomdha leacht ... iomdha o.u. san eingse `monument' Ir. Monthly 1921, 327 § 2 ( DDána p. 302 ). See 3 oil.

Fig. stock, nature : is tú an chraobh do ḟás dar n-úir, DDána 19.15 . a chroinn 's a ḟréamh a húir Éabha O tree whose roots are from Eve's stock , DDána 43.11 . a río-luibh d'úir na n-aingeal (to Christ), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 20 .

The material of the human body, hence a creature, a human being : níor ghein úr eile mar í (of Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh ii 7 . Cf. : a úir bhríoghmhar bhuadha `O mighty soil of virtue,' Studies 1922, 585.7 . a úir is airde ná neamh | a bhean rúin Ríogh na n-aingeal `creature of clay,' Ir. Monthly 1921, 376 § 38 ( DDána p. 260 ). Cf. daonnacht Mic Dé bhí is cnáimh dár gcnáimh | a chré is í ar n-úir, PBocht 2.2 . úir gan taradh cré mo chalann, TSh. 3314 (quot.).