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ernaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ernaid or dil.ie/20305

 

Forms: -ar, ro-ere-siu, ǽra, ro fhir, roerthar, roerthar, ro ernither, roerthe, ebarthir, rorath, dorath, rorath, roratha, ernithar, érnais

v ( ZCP xvi 272 ) bestows, grants: ba rí Ailill ernad rath, LL 50a23 = Hail Brigit § 23 . lín rath co somaine cach seoit ernnair (leg. -ar) which is granted ZCP xvi 272.30 . pres. subj. 2 s. ro-ere-siu uile | guide cech maicc lére, Fél. Ep. 427 (roheraso, roeresi v.l.). roere siu doaib | mad coair a ngestae, 431 (roerisi, -eresi, erisiu v.l). 3 s. ra ǽra Dia duún may God grant it to us Wb. 25a31 . mani ro era flaith seotu turcluide, Laws ii 262.14 (= ZCP xiv 363 ). muna ro feara (.i. muna eirne), 264.1 . diandas era if he give them iv 318.13 . past subj. a ndobertha [sic leg.] do dhaeinibh | ba ferr nach ertha [-értha MS.] fiadhaib whatever thou mayest give to men, 'twere better thou didst not give before others Ériu ii 227.15 (leg. fiadhnaibh ?). fut. (with suff. pron.) naní nogigius ebarthi Dia whatever I shall pray for, God will give it Ml. 46b12 . perf. ranírusa im chét mbó I bestowed on him a hundred kine BDD 28 = LU 83ay . roniurusa YBL. roír dún (gl. quam mensus est nobis Deus) Wb. 17b13 . ronnír He has gifted us 20d11 . don martir Agatho...roír Críst a mórṡeirc, Fél. July 5 (rohir, rofir .i. ro fuirestar v.l.). do Adamnán ... roír Isu...sóerad ṁbúan ṁban nGóidel, Sept. 23 (rofír, rohír, -hir, -ir v.l.). is dō roír in spirut naom a n-athnugud to him the H.S. has granted to renew them Hib. Min. 7.213 . roír Dia do Dallán, Goid. 157.34 = Lib. Hymn. i 166.147 = ro fhir, RC xx 134.14 (ACC). rombo dō roír Día apstulacht inna hÉirend, Trip. 30.25 . is mac Ailella ...ronir Brigit immon flaith to whom B. granted the kingdom, ZCP xi 109.22 . ba rath carat rodam fír (rodannir, rotanir v.l.) it was a friend's favour she granted me Ériu v 212.99 . roir Dia duit ni ba hithfernach antī, etc.; Lism. L. 2242 . fri cach n-anmain n-inglain dia roir Dia a dibad ceim isind adbai n-iffernaidi, Ériu ii 142.31 . is tria áine ┐ ernaigthi rohir Dia cech ní, RC xii 438.8 . mo coire...ronir Dia dam a duilib demrib (with gl.: is maith donuc Dia damh a diamraib na ndule), Anecd. v 22.16 . roír damh .l. cumala, LL 392d29 . C. rohir dom .x. ngrib ...roir dam .x. ratha, Ériu ii 4.3 ; 4.5 . rohirr dam, 28.13 . rosnír Ísu do mac hEirc na teora plága do breith a hÉrinn, Metr. Dinds. iv 156.150 . LL 201 a 24 = BB 404 a 13 (rohir).

Passive: (a): pres. subj. roerthar dúib uili (gl. gratia...sit cum omnibus vobis) Wb. 18b23 . roerthar in guide-se (ra firthar v.l.), Hy i 39 ( .i. ro ernither , Thes. ii 304.39 ). cid urthar ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne re cestaib L. do denum (`whatever may be granted' Ériu iv 43 ), Anecd. i 42.9 . past subj. baí and ní roerthe there was somewhat there to be given (gl. donans vobis omnia delicta) Wb. 27a16 . fut. ebarthir dúib it will be granted you (gl. donari me vobis) 32a27 . perf. ní and rorath duit eiseirgi, Trip. 252.7 ; 226.3 (Eg.). nisan Machai dorath (rorath v.l.) duitsiu o Dia, 252.9 ; 226.3 (R.). prithchai dun, a Cholaim, or Oed. Ni dam rorath, or Colam it is not vouchsafed to me (to preach) YBL 126 b 15 . Cf. certḟichi cath is a dó rorath rele recta robriss M., LL 182 b 32 = Arch. Hib. ii 59 § 13 . Cf. cach aen rot-blaisi...ni rorath ar bass `has not been given for death' Ériu ii 114.11 . pl. roratha duit do guidi, Hy ii 50 ( .i. doratta duit, Thes. ii 318.37 ). muna marathar feib roratha unless they remain as they were given Laws ii 338.19 = ZCP xiv 392 § 61 . (b): pres. mad re n-irtar cond sceo colt he on whom raiment and food are bestowed ZCP v 486.3 (with gl.: re tucthar). perf. ro hioradh íaittsidhe d'edbartaibh... ┐ d'almsanaibh, Hugh Roe 302.20 (f. 79b) . The subj. pass. cia ferthar rath... .i. cia ernithar imarcrad ratha don cele..., O'Dav. 979 , may be due to confusion with érnid, q.v. Cf. also pret. érnais .i. ro ernastar, Thes. ii 328.1 ( Hy v 7 ).

1 ón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ón or dil.ie/33856

 

Forms: ón

indecl. neut. sing. demonstr. pron., lenited form of són (> sodin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 316 ), and used in nearly the same way. This, that , referring to someth. preceding, either a neuter noun or (more often) a statement.

(a) generally with copula: commarí far ṅdígal huaimse is coru dúib ón quam uindictam reddere that your vengeance should proceed from me, that is meeter for you, Wb. 5d37 . amal as do maccaib .i. iar forcitul ón that is, after teaching, 16a14 (gl. tanquam filiis). de iudeib ón, gl. seductores qui de circumcisione sunt, 31b15 . in testimni donuc sum riam is do imthrenugud ón . . . as n-inunn tosach pre- ceptae Iohain ┐ Íesu ( = his citation of the previous texts is to prove that, etc.), Thes. i 486.37 ( Tur. 39 ). tibit . . . ┐ do- berat gáir dó. Bá do chuitbiud Loegairi ón this was to deride L., FB 64. `Ni ba mor' ar F. `.i. mo breith latt do Emain Macha . . .' Ba écen ón (i.e. it was necessary to comply with the demand), IT i 106.17 . `Rop sén maith dūn' ol iat. . . . `Ni pu sén maith itir ón', MR 18.1 . With npr. or pers. pron. as pred. (= Fr. c'est, Germ. das ist): `Inn é Cormac sút?' ar cách. `Is é ón ém' ar Medb, TBC-LL¹ 185. `Táet ferthigis fri Máel Dúin' ol G. `Máel Dúin ón ém' ol sisi so that is M.! LU 1798 ( RC ix 488.9 ).

Esp. common in phrases like: is dethbir, fír, inonn, refer- ring to a foregoing statement or word: ar ilib . . . ┐ ni ar na huilib doínib. Deithbir ón, uair ní dona hulib doínib ro tharmnaig césad Crist, PH 5228. `Fír dam-sa ón' bar C. I spoke the truth in that, TBC-LL¹ 1110. ni bat ecra ind ḟir sin (is inund ón ┐ ni deceltar dam), 445 (a gloss incorporated in the text). `Elẏ Elẏ . . .' is inann on ┐ `a mo Dé', PH 3349.

Regularly used in connexion with the neut. pron. ed: is hed ón as fír, Wb. 13b23 , cf. 22a3 . is ed ón fogní la M. such is M.'s practice, Mon. Tall. § 33. mad ed ón if that be so, § 56. coica macc . . . ed ón ruc Eua do clainn [sic leg.], MacCarthy 26.14 . Is ed ón that is so becomes later a formula of assent = yes (Mod.Ir. seadh): `Gaoth druadh sonn' ol D. `Asseadh on' ol A. Leb. Gab.(i) i 256.5 . `Is alaind an n-inghen úd' ar A. `Ass edh ón' ar C., BCC § 241. Ed ón = Lat. id est, see 1 ed, and Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 427. cid ed ón though that be so, even so, TBC-LL¹ 3009.

After the interrogatives cid, cindus: `Ced ón, a meic bic' for C. `nad fetar . . .?' what is that? ( = what do you mean ?), TBC-LL¹ 930. `Cid on' ar se `nach mebal daib . . . ?, TTebe 3408 . profetia didiu is í gnúis forta na salma ┐ cindus ón and how is that so ? Hib. Min. 3.82 .

(b) with other verbs, as subj.: `Airg-siu dia guidi . . .' Dogníther ón (the behest is obeyed), IT i 74.15 . dorónad ón (that prediction) was fulfilled, Mon. Tall. 34. `Is missi in Cuchulaind. . . .' `Ro[m-]mairc-se ón ém' ar in gilla that is the worse for me, TBC-LL¹ 1415.

As obj.: nicon laimemmar-ni ón, Wb. 17b8 , cf. 18a19 . ní thabur duit ón I do not put it for thee, Sg. 173b2 (where the lenited vb. indicates a 3 s. neut. inf. pron.), cf. 179a4 . ni Maolrúoin imargu asrubart frissim ón it was not M. who had told him to do so, Mon. Tall. 5. As advbl. acc.: `Am écen-sa tocht i nherus inalta. . . .' `Mairgg théit ón ám' ar S. woe to him who goes on such an errand, TBC-LL¹ 558. `Ergc co Comgell. . . .' Docoid-som ón dano, Ériu ii 222.4 (cf. Mon. Tall. 154.9 ) ; cf. dachóid son dano, ib. 12 . Perh. also in follg. exx. where it displaces a pl. or a masc. pron.: aithirgid bésu diand-aithirsid ón mend your ways; if ye mend them, Wb. 9a23 . ra fess . . . na tibertha [in Dond Cualnge] ar áis co tuctha ar écin ┐ do- bērthar ón and he shall be given ! TBC-LL¹ 160.

(c) rarely referring to someth. following: nicon géb-sa ón dít-su ón cid cossin n-echaire théisi I will not hinder thee from going to a groom, LL 251a40 = TBFr. 314 (repetition of ón prob. a mistake). dethbir ón duit-siu cia no gaba in n-étach sin imut, PH 8186.

(d) in Mid.Ir. the pronominal character of ón tends to dis- appear and it is freq. found in conjunction with another pron. or a subst. (not necessarily neut.), becoming finally an expletive particle: `Ro charas tusai . . .' ar sisi. `Ni ba tochuiriuth drochcarat det-si ón aní sein' ol Eochaid (i.e. that avowal will not prove an invitation to an unworthy lover), IT i 120.27 . ba hé so clerech ba ferr enech a nÉrinn. Follus ón sin, BColm. 98.24 . is andsain ra iarfaig C. . . . in tan ón bai nél solus bharsin grein namely when there was a cloud, TBC-LL¹ 5860 (refers to andsain). fer fíren forglige . . . fer ón nā ro aentaig fri col nā peccad, PH 2913. `Tabair oirmitiu do Adam. . . .' `Ni thiber-sa on' or L. `oirmitiu do A.', LB 109b54 = MacCarthy 44.18 . `Cid ara n-aince orum in laech so?' ar A. `Ar bithin on' ar T. `dorat . . . dam' it is because, BB 426a48 . turas cródha dhósomh ón an turas hisin, AFM ii 1056. 19 .

(e) in later Mid.Ir. poetry often used as expletive to secure the full number of syllables, esp. with repetitions; a device called in prosody `formolad'. fer-on a formoladh, Auraic. 1793 (declension of `fer'). ben-on a formoladh, 1839 . co clothaib, clu nadh gand ōn, 5284 . maith bethu bithi ann ōn, 5286 . amrán sin na mban-ón binn, Metr. Dinds. ii 30.61 . cid ón cid diata Temair?, i 2.16 . cuma leam ón cuma lem, TBC-LL¹ 4461 St., cf. 4469 , 4477 , 4493 . Becan ón is ón Becan, SG 105.26 .