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1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

caisel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caisel or dil.ie/7966

Forms: caissle, caiseal, caiseall

n o, m. (Lat. castellum). Perh. orig. n., cf. n p. caissle, LU 10568 , c.¤ n-Oengussa, Metr. Dinds. ii 24.89 . caiseal, caiseall m., IGT Decl. § 53 . stone wall, rampart; stone fort : Caisil .i. cīs-ail, Corm. Y 391 . caisiol .i. ciosail .i. ail an chíosa, O'Cl. oroit do Ultan . . . dorigni in caissel, Thes. ii 289.1 . ní bíd clad ná airbi na c.¤ im thír, Comp. CC 3.13 ( LU 10568 ). 'ca chaslib . . . / torchair Cannán `ramparts', Metr. Dinds. iii 278.21 . caisil ard aelta uime (of stronghold of Priam), BB 442b22 . ní fil múr ná c.¤ eturru, Trip.² 1819 . a caisiul na hatha tar eis in tirtha, Laws v 488.13 Comm. = a caisil na hatha `out of the wall of the kiln', O'Dav. 976 . da ba ar caislibh, ┐ da ba ar clocanaib ` stone-enclosures ', Laws v 94.12 Comm. tar firt a muir no a caisil, 210.27 Comm. fobairt in caisil doronadh da imsuidhi, CCath. 3513 . fían Dor ar chaislibh corra / tor na aislibh eatorra, IGT Decl. ex. 1348 . ro cuiredh misi i tech fo leith, ┐ caisil etraind, RC xlvi 230.8 . in dúnad . . . / . . . a ch.¤ bā gelchruithnecht, MacCongl. 37.10 . do rinneadar Leath Cuinn caisiol cloch tar Áth Luain, Ériu i 81 § 12 . co nderna casiul caem cloch, Fen. 124.7 . i clusailibh ┐ i caislibh na hinnsi, Lism. L. 3789 .

Of wall of or about church or ecclesiastical site: eclais chruind é-side co tri caslib immpe, ZCP xvii 228.5 . na caslisin, 6. ic dēnum caisil a chilli, ZCP vii 306.20 . gurab caemh re fēgadh / iar ndenam a c.¤ (of an altar), BNnÉ 308.28 . Transf. do bháindéad eagair n-a chaiseal tiugh (of set of teeth), Hackett² xviii 41 .

In n.loc.: ón Chasiul, LU 4453 . See Hog. Onom. s.v. caisel , caisle.

See casal.

céile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céile or dil.ie/8452
Last Revised: 2013

n io, m. See Zimmer, KZ xxx 35 - 43 . Except somet. in legal sense (d) usually with prec. possess. or follg. gen. and tending to function as a pronoun rather than as an ordinary noun. The main meanings as noun are client and fellow , the term always implying a relationship. It is doubtful (see Zimmer) whether this was originally one of inferiority or one of equality.

(a) servant, bondsman, vassal, subject : `ceile' as ainm do gach oglách, Metr. Gl. 28 § 45 . c.¤ .i. óglach, O'Cl. húasal-athraig, cliatha fáithi, / do Chríst cíaptar céli, Fél. Ep. 14 ( ceile .i. cara, O'Dav. 438 ). á Chríst dianda chéle, 307 . imcomairc . . . do Láeg cia díambo chéli, LU 5598 . céli in báis .i. ar n-oirchindech (of the devil), PH 2046 . diamba chéle Maic Maire if thou be a vassal of Mary's Son, Ériu i 200. 3 .

(b) In phr. c.¤ Dé = eccles. Lat. servus Dei ( Thes. ii 265.5 from Ardm. 11ra ). Cf. is cele dǽ infer hisin, Ml. 30c3 . Freq. as name of member of a class of religious distinguished by special observances and practices, appar. of a stricter nature than those of others. Hence Engl. Culdee , in pl. also Keledei, Colidei . The precise connotation of the term is uncertain. See Reeves (W.), The Culdees of the British Islands, Dublin 1864 ( Trans. RIA xxiv ), Stokes, Fél. Introd. xxvii f. ; Mon. Tall. 122 - 3 , Rule of Tall. ainmne ilao ┐ in naidchi ni longe colonge celede remut no fer fa sruithiu, Reeves Culdees 145 (Life of S. Findan). lasna celiu dé, Mon. Tall. 142.26 . Óengus céle Dé, SR 8009 (see Introd. i, Fél. Introd. xxvii , Murphy Lyrics 188 and note). In follg. perh. monk, religious in general: tailcid dail dun, a cheliu de (sic leg.), Vita Br. 37 (of lepers. `O ye clients of God', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 131 ). forórcóngart for céli nDé día muintir (of Patrick), Trip.² 2325 . ní damsa a Gúaire for in céli Dé, LU 9660 . cunice aníu . . . nirom comhairmeadh-sa . . . etir celiuda Dé ┐ bhochta ┐ lobhrai, Lism. L. 1584 . a sruithe ┐ a céledha Dé friars (of a monastery), Hugh Roe² 32.25 . cind chéledh nde Cluana mic Nois, AFM ii 1040.7 . In transl. text of Indian Brahmans (see Reeves Culdees ix): nī do aittrebtaidib an betha frecnairc duinni . . . acht as celi De atancomnaic, Anecd. v 5. 18 (Alex.).

(c) Hence in nn. pr. of clerics: Céle Críst, Fél. Mar. 3 . Cele Dulaisi, AFM i 348.15 . Cele íosa, 422.6 . See Reeves Culdees 4 .

(d) Legal of the recipient of a fief (repaid in kind) from the `flaith' (lord), liege, vassal . See Críth G. p. 80 (`client', Vocab.). flaith ┐ a ceile, Laws v 480.14 . i taurchreicc c.¤ , Críth G. 252 . aire désa . . . deich céli leis, 330 . céle cháich i gcomhair a choimdhedha, Ériu xiii 20.2 ( .i. gilla, O'Dav. 387 ). tigernbhard as tigernasidhe cona dhibh célibh décc lais, 42.15 . ceili fuisidni . . . fosesedar flaith hi celi ┐ amos do, O'Curry 888 ( H 3.18, 396b ) (hence owing military service?). ní do-beir flaith dia chéliu, Ériu xvii 66 § 7 . iar n-airitin tra sét ar bes n-aircenda onaib ceilib dona flathib is ainm aigille donaib célib, Corm. 5 . céili drochluige `clients of (a lord of) bad oaths', Blathm. 256 . See doír, fáes(s)am, faísitiu, gíallnae, saer.

(e) fellow, companion (like the feudal Lat. comes, Irish Kings and High-Kings 28 ), ` opposite number', other one, neighbour (in N.T. sense): huadsom dia cheliu `from himself to his fellow', Ml. 59a15 . digail duthabairt forru amal aceliu `like their fellows', 80d4 . andugniat ar céli, Wb. 10c21 . mad cumme imned ácheli et aimned fessin, gl. alter alterius etc., 20c6 . nadecad indán doradad dó fessin acht dán ácheli gl. aliorum, 23c16 . foditiu fochide duib-si . . . gním pectho do bar célib `fellows', 25d8 . arnaérbarthar frinn anasrobrad friarceiliu `to our fellows', 33b16 . condernain hicutrummus frimcheliu that I should do as the others do, PCr. 2a2 . fer tailge a ceathra a n-athbothar a ceile `neighbour', Laws v 464.7 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine, Mon. Tall. 162.30 . gessa Lóch . . . amal a chéliu the others (i.e. those who had already been persuaded to fight Cú Chulaind), LU 6104 . luid . . . i ndegaid a cheli (i.e. Cú Chulainn after Lóegaire and Conall), 8828 ( FB 62 ). a chéli the other, MU² 999 (LU). a chéli . . . immuich, 977 . to-fil far céliu chucaib your adversaries, 968 . scorit a nneocho oc commor māna ┐ aba allandeas ūas dūn a chēle above the fort of the others, TBC-I¹ 630 (with fixed sg. masc. possess., see Stories fr. Táin Vocab. s.v. céile and (i) below). doneoch ro cachnutar a ceile reimib `predecessors', Laws i 24.7 Comm. ciped chia díb nomarbtha artús adigail diacheiliu, RC iii 183.8 . do badh é a ch.¤ c.¤ cleath Dor match, DDána 85.34 . amail a cceliu `like the rest', Hugh Roe² 190.2 . Rarely of things: in lomrad tar héisi a chéli a shearing for a shearing, ZCP viii 311.31 . docurethar in lia forru anair ┐ a chéli aníar ara cend another from the west, TBC-I¹ 1416 .

(f) With qual. gen.: do dhá ch.¤ cláir, DDána 91.39 expld. as `dhá chlár chosmhail', Vocab. c.¤ comairce naoimh `an attendant guardian saint', Keat. iii 1785 . ar a ch.¤ comhaoise his coeval, TSh. 2256 . ré a ch.¤ chomhloinn `opponent', TD 10.4 . ceile connmala an comtruim (panegyric of a chieftain), ZCP ii 349.31 . do nós mhná re a c.¤ cuil `her unlawful mate', TD 1.56 . fad ch.¤ cumuinn `thy lover', O'Hara 3216 . c.¤ sealga, IGT Decl. ex. 1104 .

(g) husband : amal tiagtae mná hua célib cofiru aili, Ml. 125a2 . céle más gl. maritus, Sg. 60a3 . céle ingine gl. generi, 100a6 . cen athcomarcc dia celiu without her husband's permission, Laws v 384.5 . a inchaib maic no chéli, Críth G. 484 . mac mná nad festar céle, Imr. Brain 26 . nīcon tērglansam-ni céli diar n-ingin, Fing. R. 391 . ni fhaienn cele la hingin dibh, Marco P. 102 .

(h) Rarely wife : bás a chlainne sa ch.¤ , Arch. Hib. i 98 § VIII . bai dh'imad cheiledh lais, Marco P. 156 .

(i) With more specifically pronominal force ( one , etc. . . .) the other : íroimed cách achéele per caritatem gl. suscipite uos inuicem, Wb. 6d4 . na tiubrad cách achéle gl. nolite frudare inuicem, 9d20 . ni derban cách a chele `neither hinders the other', Thes. ii 294 § 7 . co 'mmáromarba cách díb a chéli, LU 8085 ( FB 6 ). ag ár ┐ oirlech aroile ┐ a cheile, L. Chl. S. 18 . inber bud domni a cheili the deepest estuaries, CRR 25 ( LL 23010 ). nībo mōo in band oldās a chēle, TBC-I¹ 517 . With prec. prep. ascoir dochách guide dée liachéle `on behalf of the other', Wb. 7a13 . ainmne dochach fri[a] ch.¤ gl. supportantes inuicem, 27b17 . oc imchossnam techta ar thossaig cách ríana chéli, LU 8261 ( FB 20 ). do neoch díb sech a chéli, 9170 ( 90 ). ní cúis do dhul fá ch.¤ no reason to attack one another, Content. xviii 5 . noch dhlighid uile dha chéle `which they al ought to haue togeather', RSClára 134a . dealuighidh . . . ó ch.¤ = separateth, Proverbs xvi 28 . ubullchless án (= ón) méor co a chéli from one finger to the other, MU² 648 . ón chluais go ch.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1376 . da gach cill ina cele, RC xiv 36 § 29 . 'gá cur don glún 'na chéle, CF² 540 . iiii la co ceile onwards, RC xlix 52 § 20 .

(j) In adverbial phrases. i ndáil a chéle towards each other Ériu xv 72 (78a) . i ndegaid, tar éis a ch.¤ one after the other, successively, gradually : i ndeguid a chele, Laws ii 84.2 Comm. a ndiaig a ch.¤ , Párl. na mB. 1591 . a bhfuair mé / d'easláinte d'éis a ch.¤ , Dán Dé xiii 3 . tar eis a ceile gradually , Rosa Angl. 10.3 . ar lorg a cheile in unbroken continuity (of the Faith), Luc. Fid. 5861 . le ch.¤ together, altogether, completely : le ch.¤ gur chaitheas m'aimsir, DDána 26.33 . doconncatar re céle sin `they both saw it', ZCP iv 324 ( BCC 102 ). fuairsead lé ch.¤ a g-crádh leam, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.7 . le ch.¤ is an chroch together with, DDána 21.16 . Cf. 99.21 . an t-anam araon / le ch.¤ is an chalann, Dán Dé ix 15 . cuirid 'na ch.¤ puts together, mends , etc.: an síodh cuirthior 'n-a ch.¤ a patched up peace, O'Hara 1279 . a chur ina ceile to put it together again (a broken sword), Grail 4045 . is amlaid cuirther cach ana chéli d'foghlachaib na h-aimsire `thus are the different divisions of time proportioned to each other', MR 108.7 . gan dá chonnsuine ar bioth do chur na ch.¤ d'ogham acht a ccurp comhfhocuil amháin that no two consonants should be assimilated to each other, IGT Introd. 3.3 . Note also: an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna ch.¤ to mix, TSh. 174 . ? suirghe do-chóidh 'n-a ch.¤ , DDána 40.25 . ó 'dchonnairc L. na catha ar ndul trí n-a ch.¤ saw the battalions become entangled, Ériu i 88 § 34 . in sluagh do dhul trid a cheile, AU iii 610.11 . as a ch.¤ asunder , TSh. 5696 .

comáentu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comáentu or dil.ie/10586

n (oentu)

(a) unity, concord, harmony, identity; compact, agreement, alliance; in bad sense, conspiracy: comaenta gan feirg, Laws v 412 n. Comm. comaenta doniat ó belltaine co belltaine `they make an agreement (to remain together)', iii 142.19 Comm. (of two types of land-holder). is a comaentaigh dorormacht diri and by mutual consent, 146.5 Comm. ar comaentaidh in anma atura `owing to the complete identity of the name between them' (of gort `field' and gort `ivy'), Auraic. 5560 . cominnus nó comaontu, O'Dav. 517 . do discailiud comoenta na cetar dula cumdaigti `unity', Cog. 180.2 . grada to thabhairt air tria scribinnaib Comarba Petair ┐ comaenta Rig Saxan consent, Ann. Conn. 1236.6 . comaenta cogaidh offensive alliance, AU iii 134.23 . doronsat na cricha sin comaentaid chuice .i. comerge a n-aigid na rigna, BB 417b13 . cómaenta lucht na haingidechta andsan aingidecht, De Contemptu 1275 . hi comhaentaidh frit fadéin ┐ frit Athair, Otia ii 97 § 29 . ar dhul . . . hi ccomhaontaidh a éccrad, Hugh Roe² 264.18 . maille re comháonta na coda as romhó dona sethrachaibh = consent, RSClára 63b , 72b . monuar dá doctúiribh . . . do-bheir comhaontaidh ré díomhaoineasaibh na gciontach = consentiunt vanitatibus, TSh. 5379 . iar na tubha friú go mbaoi comhaonta etorra ┐ ua D., AFM vi 2364.2 . fā shíothchāin ┐ chomhaonta idir rīoghaibh, Parrth. Anma 4120 . cinnit ┐ comhairligit do chomhaonta `unanimously', Fl. Earls 126.25 . As quasi-vn. nir' miadh leis coimaentu lasin lucht mibesach to join forces with, CCath. 1102 (congnam, v.l.). tresin seiseilbi sirgloir dor-indsead ag comaentaig ré C., TTebe 1337 (comaentugud, v.l.).

(b) (physical) association; sexual union: níba suair[c] comlepaid no comaentu friss, LL 9355 ( TBC-LL¹ 2079 ). dul . . ./ co Delccnait na comaentaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 44.12 . do bī a comaonta Ēdaīne an adaigh sin, ML² 450 . cen chomoentaid ferrda, LB 256a76 . a c(h)rannghal sa c(h)loch aolta / gar da chéile a ccomhaonta `joining', Ériu v 60.122 . Find Life, Find Gaileóin gairb, / do (? leg. dá with some MSS.) chomóentaid dá chomainm two companions(?) (of two rivers that flowed together), Metr. Dinds. iii 34.10 (`from the union of two names').

(c) By transf. of those joined by any bond, community, company, confederacy : a eiseirge ar cend an Choimdedh cona comhaonta, BNnÉ 235 § 154 . sluaghadh do dhenum do Mac U. . . . co comaentaidh moir leis, AU iii 116.19 . ar comhaonta deibhléan ndubh / mairg thréigeas teaghlach glórmhar, DDána 35.2 . as é thuig comhaontadh na n-aithreach . . . go . . . (of interpretation of a verse of Scripture), Luc. Fid. 3711 .

daigerdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daigerdae or dil.ie/14181

adj io-iā (1 daiger). Burning, fiery, fierce, furious, mettlesome. daigheargha .i. tintighe, O'R. ann. from old gram. cona taulimlinn tailc tuinigthe dór derg d.¤ with its strong fixed navel of burning gold CCath. 4726 . gabur cenand cróndatha cruaid dian d.¤ bedgach, LU 106 a 20 ( = FB § 47 ). luchair derg daigerdae ara durn derglasaid, ib. 106 a 37 (cf. luchair dego, s.v. daig I.). Of a sword: lain[n]ech derg daigerda (daigerla Fcs.) na láim ar derglassad, LL 189 a 29 = 120 a 44 (daigerla, corrected into daigerda MS). Domnald dian daigherdha, Anecd. ii 58. 6 . fiodhbhadh d.¤ , ML 84. 22 .

1 dath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dath or dil.ie/14728
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dath, dath, datha, dath, daith, datho, dathu, datha, dathe, dathai, dadha, datha, dath, dath, dath, datha, datha, dathanna, dathn, datha, dathann, dathan, dathannaib, datho, dath-, -dath, dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, oen-dath, aondatha, doel-dath, drech-dath, drech-datha, for-dath, dath, il-dath, ildatha, líg-dath, ór-dath, so-dath, soer-dath, dath, datha, dathanna

n u; the n pl. dath, LMU § 7 points to neuter gender; less stress should be laid on the eclipsis in the n s. SCC § 37 : dath nétrom.

RHYMES & ASSON.: dath : rath, ZCP viii 217. 11 : cath, vi 269 st 5 . Acall. 7592 . datha : Macha, CRR 32. 2 . : catha, Acall. 5871 . For further instances see Inflexion.

INFLEXION: n s. dath, Ml. 28 c 12 . Laws ii 148 &c. ; rhyming with iadad, SCC § 33 , pócath, TE § 10 , cath, TBC-LL¹ 265 , Findchad, Rawl. 158. 22 . daith frequent in mod. MSS, Midnight court 17 (similarly daithibh d p. ib. 417 ). g s. datho, Imr. Brain § 8 (: gretho), § 13 (: étatho). Wb. 5 c 19 . dathu, Laws ii 148 pass.; later datha: SCC § 31 (: Labrada, g s.). Fél. Nov. 15 (: catha, g s.). SCC § 34 (: flatha, g s.). LL 133 a 16 (: macha, g s.). Leb. Cert. 84. 9 (: lúireacha). dathe, Laws v 382. 18 . dathai, Fen. 140. 18 ; for dadha TE § 10 read datha. d s. always dath (: immarbad, Imr. Brain 38 ). n du. da dath , LL 16 b 41 . n p. dath, LMU 71. 18 . datha, LL 174 b 21 (: macha, g s.). dathanna Mod.-Ir. ( OCU 111 ). a p. datha, LL 149 b 29 (: flatha, g s.). Laws i 20. 30 . dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. g p. dathn , SCC §§ 33 , 37 , BDD § 106 , FB § 45 . datha LL 120 a 46 (= dath, LU 105 b 4 f.b. ), PH 1304 . dathann, Lib. Flav. ii 38 b 2. 19 (examlacht d.). Bedel Gen. xxxvii. 3 . dathan, 23 I 41, p. 5. 3 . d p. dathannaib, ZCP ii 303 . Gadelica ii 130. 689 .

I Colouring matter, dye : fuilled risin trían (sc. na roidi of the dye plant) gurup leath ó bias ina min nó na dath urlaṁ when it is in the state of meal or prepared colouring stuff Laws ii 420. 7 . ni thig dath ar bith gan ruanann, O'Cl. s.v. ruadh (glossing a quotation from Ds. of Ceilbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 54. 7 ). ó bláthannuibh na talman dogeibh sé dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. Cf. dathugud I and Scotch cha luidh dath air dubh luidhidh dubh air gach dath black materials will not take any dye Macd. 312 b .

II Colour in general, a particular hue or tint ; in the following instances used of the colours: bán, 1 brecc, 1 buide, corcair, croderg, crón, derg, 1 donn, dub, 1 finn, glas, gorm, rúad, úaine. Often connected with 1 lí, 1 lígrad.— is lí, gl. nó is dath, LU 131 b 33 . cen líga .i. cen datha LL 188 c 7 .. hic color dath, Ir. Gl. 1087 . adhbh .i. dath H 2.15A, 117 b . lath ised dath, Todd Lect. iv 134. 4 f.b. cen chaile nach datho chen chaile pectho without a spot of any kind Wb. 5 c 19 . mac in airiuch...dath fo leth a éduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148. 5 ; ib. 148. 8 . lígrad óir ┐ airgit...┐ datha cach thíre, FB § 2 . tibri uani tibri gorm tibri corcra dath nétrom, SCC § 37 (cf. topur co niumad datha, PH 1304 ). corcair co náldi datha, ib. § 31. 4 . cach dath atchí duine do guirm do bricc do buide is do chorcair LL 196 b . i fégaiter datha .i. find i mmoltar dub i naerthar brecc i fuacarar, RC xxvi 18 § 29 . co nd.¤ ┐ tóthocht, LL 37 a 17 . is álaind a ndath ar nim, Laud 615 38 a 1 (of the apostles). duibi a delb iná gach dath, BB 402 b 4 . a illdelbaig (emblems) ...arna forniamad a dathaib dathálli, TTr. 141 . ibar .i. ab ebore .i. ó cnáim elefante ar dath ┐ suthaini, O'Mulc. 700 . (cloch dub...bán...glas) cia dhíobh sin dath, TSh. 20. 8 . cóta diomad dathann, Bedel Gen. xxxvii 3 . anúair thaisbeanas sé (sc. an fíon) a dhath annsa chupán, ib. Proverbs xxiii 31 . daith an locha ┐ gorm na dtonn ag teacht...go tromm, Midnight court 17 . boladh dath ┐ cumadh aráin, Donlevy 242. 14 . Brightness : trí claidhmi coindli datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 1 .—Of the body: is annsin ba réill do chách díb (i.e. Adam and Eve) dath cuirp araile, MacCarthy 56 i . glór na ndiabhal as a ndath lór do phianadh na bpeacthach, TSh. 187. 2 f.b.Of the hair: trí foiltne co saine dath SCC § 37. 14 (ní hinand a ndath, ib. H). mong buide fair ...álli dath, ib. § 33 . folt trí ndath fair folt dond ... cróderg ... budi, FB § 45 . oenḟer forsa mbetis na trí dath ucut .i. in folt marin fiach ┐ in gruad marin fuil ┐ in corp marin snechta, LMU § 7 . ba cosmail dath ind ḟoilt sin fri barr nailestair...nó fri dergór iar ṅdénam a datha, BDD § 1 . cosmail fri túidlig nóir forloscthi dath a fuilt, ib. § 99 . ib. § 106 .—Of the colour of an animal: dath a ech, FB § 44 . it lóig it úain co ndagdath, Imr. Brain § 38 (v.l. co ndath). mucc co ndath oiss, LL 162 b 36 . deich ngabra donna datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 9 . marcṡlúaigh álainn aondatha, OCL 23. 7 . masat cethra co ndath cethra, Mesca 24. 4 f.b. elta co ndath elta, ib. 22. 1 . caora cruandatha, BS § 68. 5 .—Of the colour of the snow (opp. dath fola): fri dáth (dath, Eg.) snechtai, IT 69. 5 . is dath snechta corp, ib. 132. 5 f.b. úaitne i nd.¤ snechtai ┐ araile a nd.¤ ḟola, RC x 185. 24 .—Of clothes, &c.; also of the gold and silver embroideries thereon, as the following passage shows: étaige cen líga .i. étaige cen datha .i. cen imdenma óir is argait, LL 188 g 7 . Cf. dathugud II. caille aendathe, Laws v 382. 18 . áildiu cach dath (sc. in broitt) alailiu BDD § 99 . ní coill dath a mmaforta (.i. copchaille), Thes. ii 339. 4 . d.¤ a nétaich, RC viii 348 st 29 . corccra dath an inair sin, PH 2861 . —Of gold : úbhla ┐ d.¤ an óir órloisgthe orra, OCT 26.17 . BDD § 1 . —Of precious stones: araill a ndath asmirón .i. cloch co ndath nglas, RC x 185. 25 . Of plants: co nd.¤ losa liach, LL 47 a 44 . ACL i 340 . is dath síon and cech gruad, gl. nó is brecc, IT i 132. 3 f.b. cóimchlod datho change of colour: banna bec son de usci ┐ robúi buidetai bec fair do caomchlad a datha, Mon. Tall. 150. 37 . luibhi cen claechlodh a ndatha herbs that change not their colour Marco P. § 81 . gen. datho coloured , étach datho a coloured cloth: dá étuch dathu uime dia doṁnuigh, Laws ii 148. 7 . ib. 148. 9 , 13 , 14 , 18 . atconnarc étach ndatha (: flatha, gen.) SCC § 34 . .x. n-etaighe datha fichit, Tig. RC xviii 271. 33 . dechelt dathai a coloured mantle Fen. 140. 18 . cloch datha a coloured stone: dá marbad do cloich datha ba ruad rind, RC viii 354. 2 . ór datha = ór iar ndénum a datha. cloch atá i nDún dá lacha: is fiú a comtrom dór datha, FDG 751 . Cf. BDD § 1 . —cach datho, cech datho, cach oendatho; cacha datha of every colour: taitnet líga cech datho, Imr. Brain § 8 . móini dússi cach datho (v.l. datha), ib. § 13 . asraracht ...do imchaisin Maigi Breg. fóa lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 130 b 22 . co gné gréne fair...┐ cacha datha archena FA § 11 . cét détach gach datha (sic leg.) bric, IT i 125. 15 . étaige cech oendatha impu, LU 85 a 26 . co nétaigib cacha datha, Acall. 2804 . co saine étaig cacha datha umpu, ib. 3423 .—sain datho, saine d.¤ , saine dath exquisite colours: trí huathnedha cu saine ndatha, RC x 185. 24 . in dá ech...co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 113 a 34 . édach co saine gacha datha, Acall. 414 . —datha écsamlai various hues or colours : dáig na nilgné filet forsind ḟult fil fair ┐ inna ndath nécsamail docorethar in folt fair, BDD § 106 . co ndathaib écsamlaib ina thimchell, FA § 11 . clúṁach iona raibh datha égsaṁla, Ezekiel xvii. 3 . datha éagsaṁla diverse colours Lhuyd.

III Of the face or skin, complexion, hue; esp. beautiful complexion; sg. or pl., cf. drech-dath or pl. drech-datha id. TTr. 1686 . a dath amar dhath an aeil (of a fine woman), Acall. 784 . Laeg i lLiniu lígda a dath, LL 22 a 20 . gilla óc is delbdu dath, TBC-LL¹ 265 . a dath is gilither géis uan fuinni dath a dá ó, BB 323 b 30 . Domnaill na ndath of the beautiful complexion BB 50 a 35 . a éicsin datha (: catha), Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 .

roscáil (docóid) mo dath my beauty is gone: roscáil mo delb is mo dath, Acall. 4584 . dochúaid mo delb is mo dath, ib. 4586 .

sóid dath, sóithir a dath, sóitir a datha: (a) he changes colour, esp. turns pale , like Lat. mutare (perdere) colorem: ní fess ca galar rodnuc acht a ḟagbáil marb sech nír ṡǽ dath ní ralob a chorp, LL 18 b 48 . (b) euphem. he dies : cen táṁ cen galar sói dath iar naifriunn, Fél. p. 158 at June 28 . dá tora rí Macha sáifiter a datha claifiter a ratha LL 174 b 21 ( CRR 32. 2 ).—Cf. soïd dies , sóid gné, sóid lí, caillid a gné.

conimchloi dath, conimchloither a dath, conimchloiter a datha, or only clóid dath id. (a) mac Olloman...atbath gan claechladh for dath, BB 46 b 16 = LL 128 a 5 . tócaibset in cend cen claechlo datha nó delbi de acht amal bid hí in úair sin rotescthái, PH 923 . fri cath ní coimcloitis dath, Rawl. 158. 22 . ZCP viii 218. 4 . rochlaochaigheas dealbh is dath B IV 1, 86 b (Buile Suibni). saoth lem do chnes rochlói dath, ib. (b) dar chlaechlod a dhath...ég adbath ua Muiredhaigh, BB 59 a 21 . na dá Fland ... farír roclæchlosed dath, Ériu v 242 l. 172 .—Cf. conimchloi, conimchloither a lí he dies, Sc. caochladh. (c) v.s. II.—Cf. dathchlód.

IV Transf. applied to the weather and the winds, the colours of the winds . Each wind has its own particular colour according to Laws ii 26. 30 sq.: rodelb dono [Dia] datha na ngaeth conid sain dath cacha gaeithe díb fri araile ...anair in gaeth corcra aneas in geal atuaith an dub, aniar an odur. Cf. further SR 53 sq. , 7948 and O'Dav. 692 : dotongar dar drúcht dar daithin .i. dar dath sína nó dar dath na sína dar gréin ┐ dar ésca úair grian ┐ ésca dobeir dath arna sínaib. Here probably LL 211 b 49 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 426. 15 ): tuc rí cach datha dá deóin ba turchar flatha fíreóin king of every hue. God is called rí na ngaeth (Gwynn), and Dia datha, Lib. Flav. ii 50 b 2. 6 .

V Fig. Outward appearance, semblance of something, esp. what serves to conceal the truth: dath fírinne the colour of truth: callide excogitant quod ad nuditatem eorum colore perueniant .i. dath fírinne do thochur tarais, Ml. 28 c 12 . fabulam perquam futilem. sgél goirrgech gan dath fírinne, BB 208 a (in the handwriting of Charles O'Connor) Éigse xvii 200 . Cf. the same use of dathugud, Keat. i 18. 27 . dath brécae a disguise, a false show, Lhuyd. O'Brien. a false dye, Macd.

VI Fig. Degree, rank, order ; Synon. miad, grád. This sense has been inferred from the following passages: Dia fadein dobeir datha ┐ gráda ardḟlatha, LL 149 b 29 . la cessad Secundi co slógud cech datha, Fél. Nov. 15 . It may also be sought in such passages as `a Domnaill na ndath' BB 50 a 35 , or `a éicsiu datha,' Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 , see III above. According to the Cáin-law of fosterage ( Laws ii 146 sq. ) the colour of the clothes varied according to rank and dignity: fo miad cháich éitid a mic ótha fer miudbu co ríg ( ii 146. 10 ). Satin and scarlet were prescribed for the son of the king of Erin ( sroll ┐ scarloit do mac ríg Érenn, ib. 146. 16 ), black, yellowish, grey, and blay clothes for maic na ngrád féne ( 148. 3 ). Similarly the colours were fixed for the mac in airrech, mac in airrech túis, m. in a. aird, m. in a. forgill, and mac na ríg.

VII In chevilles and at the end of the verse-line in various senses of the word: la Congalach cáem cen chair...oc Dollud di rechtga dath robíth Finnaechta fledach, LL 133 a 4 . Flaithbertach mac Loingsich...argg fo uair dorchad ṅdatha i nArd Molthach Mórmacha, ib. 133 a 16 . Donnchadh gan doirchi ndatha (: Murchadha), MacCarthy 420. 8 f.b. tosach suirghi caem a dath: ben is fer icompocath (leg. i compōcath or ic compōcath, ZCP x 374) IT i 125. 7 (TE). Hériu ria ndílind datha, LL 5 b 4 . Here also Thes. ii 292. 18 : is glae thegdais tórm rochloss...is tech ndagḟir dath atchí.

VIII a trace, hint, sign (?): ar cathbarr cen duīthi dath 'our helmet without trace of foolishness', SR (Greene) 2689 (of God).

IX In local names: ocus na cethri catha for Gallaib Glinni Datha the Foreigners of the Coloured Glen Cog. 94. 21 ; not sufficiently supported.

X COMPS. (a) dath-, see below. (b) -dath in cpds. almost exclusively in the sense of I; frequent with adjectives denoting colour: dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, q.v. Compare further: oen-dath, aondatha of one colour ; doel-dath the colour of the blackbeetle ; drech-dath or pl. drech-datha complexion of the face; for-dath = dath; il-dath: étach ildatha of many colours; líg-dath (lí-dath) bright colour ; ór-dath the colour of gold ; so-dath a beautiful colour (opp. do-dath); soer-dath a noble colour , &c. q.v.

MOD. dath, g s. datha; n pl. dathanna colour, complexion ; with ní or gan nothing at all, v.s. VIII; this latter usage is common in all districts, cf. Dinneen, whose examples are all taken from the spoken language: níl aondhath de ṁoill orm there is nothing to hinder me, Quiggin Dial. Don. § 136 . cha rabh a dhath a maith dí sin a dheanadh ach urad, Craig Derry People 30 iv p. 3 .

1 de, di

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 de, di or dil.ie/14787
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: di, di, di, di, di, di, du, di, di, dia, di, dí, di, de, desen, de, de, dhe, di, di, dég, dḟég, dím, dít, de, de, dhe, du, dú, doit, dínni, dunni, desom, dosom, dinach, donach, dind, dind, dind, dind, dind, dindh, dindí, dond, dond, dund, dind, dond, dun, dind, din, dund, dint, dind, dunt, din, din, din, den, don, dun, dun, din, dun, den, don, dind, din, dinaib, denaib, dinab, donaib, dunaib, din, den, don, don, den, dhen, dhent, don, dina, dena, dona, dona, dena, dhena, dosna, DI, di, dim, dimm, dom, dit, ditodérnamaib, dia, dear, diar, dibar, difar, dia, dim, dem, dom, dom, dit, det, dot, dot, dod, difar, dib(h)ar, dib(h)or, d'úr, dá, dár, dia, dá, dia, dá, dhá, dár, dhár, dá, dá, da, dia n, diarbu, diná-, dinadrícthe, dinach, dunach, dia, dá, diná-, doná-, do, dá, dhá, DI, díim, díimsa, dimsa, dím, dimsa, dimso, dít, de, desom, de, dé, dæ, comairle, Dairíne, ráidimne, fáistine, uile, di, dissi, díinn, díin, díinni, diínn, diín, dínn, dín, din, dínni, dinni, dinne, díib, díibsi, diib, diibsi, diibse, diib, díbsi, díib, diib, díb, dib, diib, dím, dínn, díim, díinn, dím, dínn, rúun, ruún, ríi, dím, dímm, dímsa, dít, dítt, dítsu, desin, desen, deside, desium, dissi, dise, dín(n), dínne, d(h)ínne, díb, d(h)íb, díbsi, díb, d(h)íob, díbsin, d(h)íobsan, DI, DE, dĕ, díbdud, derban, derbrad, conda-dercacha, -dercaither, níruderchóin, derchóiniud, niconderérachtar, -derna, -dergénsat, -derlaig, -derlaiged, -derlaichta, dílgai, dílgud, dermar, dermat, ndermanammar, todernam, -deroíma, derscaigi, deruarid, dered, de-reth, -dechuid, -dich, dechor, debuith, -dénai, dénum, dead, dudí, dudiastae, deich, dígal, diu-, diunag, deö-, deolaid, degaid, deïd, desruith, demaig, denall, denuas, dedbol, denmne, dethbir, dethiden, dessid, dellig, décsiu, -décci, -décmaing, decming, -dér, -dérig, dírech, dindba, fordingrat, dingbail, di, diucrae, diuderc, diunach, fordiuclainn, diummus, diupae, diupart, -diurat, diurad, -diuschi, diuscartae, díbad, rodíbairg, díbe, díberg, díbdud, rodibda, díbert, díchenn, díchned, -díchliter, dícheilt, díchor, dídnad, dígal, dígbáil, díguin, dílgud, dímeiccem, dírech, díscir, -díltised, díltud, -díxnigedar, di-anim, dí, díbec, dímór, díthrom, dí, dĕ, De, di, Di, di, DI, DI, dib, dííb, dimm, dínn, do, dinaib, de, diib, di, dia, dind, diib, di, dia, diar, don, dund, donaib, di, dia

prep. = Lat. de. It aspirates the anlaut of an accented syllable immediately following. Aspiration marked: Wb. 5 c 16 . 6 d 8 . 9 a 23 . 9 b 19 . 10 d 14 . 12 a 21 . 12 a 22 . 19 a 6 . 20 d 9 . 26 b 16 . 26 d 8 . 29 c 10 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 23 a 19 . 36 b 3 . 36 d 10 . 48 b 11 . 48 d 27 . 55 d 4 . 58 c 4 . 68 c 4 . 85 a 2 . 93 d 14 . 99 b 7 . 107 a 2 . 112 c 12 . 116 c 2 . 131 c 17 . Sg. 1 a 2 . 3 b 27 . 31 b 2 . 33 a 13 . 181 a 9 . Tur. 131 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . 17 b 1 . 170 b 2 . Thes. i 6. 23 . ii 256. 11 (twice); 295. 11 , 15 ; 298. 11 ; 302. 5 ; 309. 19 ; 315. 2 ; 332. 4 ; 344. 1 ; 346. 8 . Aspiration unmarked: di Críst (in full), Wb. 15 a 34 . di Críst , ib. 22 c 9 . 26 b 7 . 26 d 9 . 27 a 10 . Thes. ii 255. 15 (but di Chríst, Ml. 93 d 14 ). di peccad, Wb. 24 c 18 . di techt, Ml. 44 b 1 . di techdaisib, ib. 105 b 7 . du trócairi, 110 c 5 . di comparit, Sg. 42 b 3 . 43 a 6 . di posit, ib. 42 a 5 (cf. dia posit, 41 b 2 ). di Teretes, ib. 66 a 22 . dí triub, Tur. 6 . di croccund, Thes. ii 347. 33 . Though itself a proclitic word it is liable to eclipsis: (a) after a neuter noun: foraithmet ṅde, Ml. 61 b 12 . a bec ndo síd, ib. 51 a 5 . bec ṅdi dechur, 72 c 9 . (b) after a noun in the a sg.: fri Alpai ṅdesiu, Sg. 217 b 8 . (c) after the relative a n-: a ndu imnedaib fodaimi, Ml. 55 d 11 . (d) in Mil after rel. as: as ndí Assaraib, 35 a 10 . as ṅdu dóiri, 139 a 6 (twice). as ndi thalam, 68 c 4 . After rel. bias: cibed bias nde, ZCP iv 46. 16 TBFr. (Eg.). Cf. acht oenfiach adrenar nde, Anecd. iii 22. 21 .

FORMS: de, very rare in Oir.: de maid, Wb. 21 d 11 . de Iudeib, 18 d 6 . 31 b 15 (but 34 a 3 probably Lat.). de chuingid, 24 b 24 . Mil no instance ( for dech, 56 a 1 , read `di cech'). Sg: de dliguth, Sg. 26 b 7 . de rét, 31 a 5 . de genitin, 77 b 2 . de chaldigud, 181 a 9 . de dobriathraib, 181 a 9 ( de cithara, 103 a 1, probably Lat.). de phurt, Thes. i 6. 23 ; de obli, ii 254. 12 ; de molad, 315. 1 ; de nimib, 353. 4 . Always deṡiu, ( ZCP x 376 ) hence Sg. 71 b 2 . 217 b 8 . 217 b 12 . desen, Thes. ii 343. 32 . Under the influence of the pron. cpd. de, de became quite a common spelling in Mid.-Ir. (LU, LL, &c.). As an etymological writing frequent also in modern books and MSS. Spoken de, dhe = di + suff. pron. 3 sg., cf. mod. aige, ass, air, &c.

di usual Old- and Mid.-Ir. writing.

(a) before vowels (no elision of -i- in Wb Sg Mil); before a-: Wb. 2 a 14 . 7 b 11 . 18 c 11 (twice). 32 c 8 . Ml. 35 a 8 . 40 c 16 . 48 d 12 . 57 d 10 . 61 a 35 . 66 a 3 . 67 d 2 . 126 b 1 . 133 c 11 . Sg. 32 b 14 . 35 b 7 . 211 a 9 . before o-: Thes. ii 254. 7 - 11 , 13 . before u-: Ml. 23 c 20 . 51 b 10 . 93 a 5 . 127 a 2 a . Thes. ii 249. 10 . di humaldóit, Wb. 28 d 29 . di humu, Ml. 2 b 16 . before ái-: Wb. 7 b 11 . Ml. 102 d 9 . ói-: Ml. 43 d 1 . Sg. 40 a 13 . e-, é-: Wb. 4 d 1 . 8 b 4 . Ml. 2 c 1 . 33 c 17 . 55 a 18 . 130 b 1 . i-; Wb. 12 a 30 . 15 d 7 . Ml. 37 b 24 . 40 a 18 . 57 c 13 . 87 c 1 . Sg. 40 a 6 , 7 , 8 . 42 a 1 . di Iudeib, Wb. 4 c 40 . 27 d 4 .

(b) before gutturals: Wb. 6 d 8 . 9 a 23 . 12 a 21 , 22 . 13 d 7 . 15 a 34 . 16 a 4 . 17 b 19 . 18 d 6 . 19 a 6 . 20 d 10 . 22 c 9 . 24 d 10 . 26 b 7 . 26 d 8 . 26 d 9 . 27 a 7 , 10 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 36 d 10 . 40 b 7 . 48 b 11 . 48 d 27 . 51 d 3 . 58 c 4 . 62 b 13 . 66 d 10 . 74 c 13 . 85 a 2 . 92 c 5 . 93 d 14 . 99 b 7 . 107 a 2 . 112 c 12 . Sg. 3 b 27 . 31 b 2 . 33 a 13 . 34 b 2 . 42 b 3 . 43 a 6 . 106 a 7 . 181 a 9 . Tur. 131 . Ardm. 17 b 1 . Thes. ii 10. 6 .

(c) before dentals: Wb. 5 c 16 . 9 b 19 . 10 d 14 . 20 c 14 . 26 b 16 . 27 a 10 . Ml. 17 a 11 . 17 d 11 . 23 a 19 . 25 d 17 . 36 b 3 . 44 b 1 . 46 b 26 . 51 c 11 . 68 c 4 . 72 b 5 . 72 c 9 . 97 d 10 . 105 b 7 . 116 c 2 . 122 b 16 . 131 a 12 . 133 b 1 . 139 a 6 , 8 , 10 . Sg. 61 a 1 . 66 a 22 . 156 b 4 . Thes. ii 256. 11 ; 295. 3 ; 315. 22 .

(d) before labials: Wb. 24 c 18 . 29 c 10 . Ml. 61 a 9 . 115 d 9 . Sg. 42 a 5 . Thes. ii 256. 11 ; 30. 33 .

(e) before nasals; m-: Wb. 4 d 10 . 7 d 9 . 11 a 20 . 24 a 12 . 24 b 31 . 28 d 31 . 30 a 8 . 33 a 15 . Ml. 26 b 5 . 51 b 10 . 58 c 4 . 62 c 2 . 67 b 16 , 17 . 84 c 12 . 85 c 6 . 93 a 20 . 102 d 4 . 124 b 5 . Sg. 7 a 1 . 30 b 11 . Ardm. 17 b 1 . Thes. ii 295. 5 . n-: Wb. 15 c 13 . 16 b 11 (thrice). 17 a 11 . 32 a 20 . Ml. 16 d 5 . 63 c 5 . 65 a 1 . 75 b 20 . 123 c 15 . Sg. 40 a 80 . 43 a 3 . 45 a 11 . 59 b 18 . Thes. ii 11. 36 .

(f) before liquids; l-: Wb. 25 d 20 . Ml. 35 b 24 . 40 a 19 . 55 d 4 , 6 . 57 d 13 . 61 d 2 . 68 a 2 , 15 . 72 d 6 , 7 . 84 c 15 . 90 c 18 . Tur. 115 . Thes. ii 326. 2 ; 16. 40 ; 40. 31 . r-: Wb. 6 a 14 . 12 a 17 . 12 c 6 . 13 a 12 . 18 a 8 . 20 d 11 . Ml. 125 b 7 . Sg. 33 a 10 .

(g) before s and f. s-: Wb. 3 d 28 . 4 b 5 . 8 a 5 . 12 b 32 . 12 d 12 . 17 d 19 . Ml. 2 b 17 . 26 b 20 . 31 d 10 . 34 b 6 . 37 a 14 . 44 b 27 - 28 . 44 c 6 . 48 c 1 . 55 c 1 . 60 b 11 . 90 d 13 . 104 a 3 . 108 d 3 . Sg. 1 a 2 . 41 b 4 . 42 a 2 . 59 b 9 . 183 b 3 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . 18 b 1 ; cf. also didiu. f-: Wb. 1 a 9 . 11 b 13 . 14 a 33 . 18 a 8 . Ml. 20 a 12 . 54 b 30 . 93 a 5 . 134 a 3 . Sg. 3 b 19 . 66 a 6 .

dí: as ndí Assaraib, Ml. 35 a 10 . dí huaisletu, 40 c 16 . dí triub, Tur. 6 . dí Iohain, 40 . dísin, Ml. 63 c 18 .

d with elision of -i- before vowels and ḟ very common in Mid.-Ir. MSS. In Glosses rare, cf. doenscríbend, Sg. 112a2 . dég, Ml. 88 a 4 , from dḟég, cf. dḟech, Ardm. 17b1 . Common in Old-Ir. poetry, e.g. Anecd. iii 55. 18 ; 56. 8 (Siab. Conc.).

DO for DI. The confusion of di and do in proclisis dates back to the Cambr. and the Wb glosses. It is quite possible that on the lips of the people di had as early as the 8th century the same forms as to-day, i.e. unstressed də in proclisis, dí- in pronominal cpds. Under the influence of the latter forms (dím, dít, de), di de lingered on all through Mid.-Ir. The present de, dhe, is partly due to etymological spelling, partly (Cork, Kerry) renders a spoken de, ye = Oir. de (di + pron. 3 sg.), cf. mod. as, air, aige. The fusion of di and do was facilitated by their being unaccented; but it was also partly due to syntactical confusion of these two prepositions which occasionally might both be used synonymously with one and the same verb.—do: prímgeinde do hireschaib, Wb. 4 b 9 . 10 a 15 . 25 c 12 . 31 d 2 . Ml. 14 b 12 . 14 d 3 . 15 d 9 . 24 d 26 , 30 . 26 a 8 . 35 d 17 . 42 b 18 . 45 a 9 . 45 d 7 . 51 a 5 . 51 b 8 . 51 d 25 (twice). 123 d 3 . 124 c 22 . 137 d 2 . Sg. 2 a 7 . Tur. 128 . Thes. ii 298. 10 , 11 ; 299. 9 ; 309. 19 ; 311. 20 ; 313. 14 ; 315. 2 ; 320. 26 ; 321. 2 ; 322. 10 , 24 ; 323. 7 , 8 ; 332. 4 ; 333. 1 ; 335. 29 ; 344. 1 ; 346. 8 .—du: Cambr. 37 d . Ml. 24 d 29 . 26 a 8 . 55 d 4 . 55 d 11 . 55 d 25 (?). 63 b 12 . 63 c 5 . 66 c 3 . 68 d 14 . 69 c 7 . 72 d 9 . 91 d 4 . 94 c 10 . 96 b 5 , 13 . 98 c 6 . 103 d 9 . 110 c 5 . 110 d 16 . 114 b 12 . 114 c 9 . 117 c 6 . 131 c 17 . 133 a 10 . 139 a 6 (twice), 9 . Tur. 80 . 103 . Ardm. 18 b 1 . Thes. ii 294. 14 .—dú: ní dú ulc, Ml. 24 a 19 .— doit, Thes. ii 258 seems = dít.—For dond, donaib, see below.

DI FOR DO: Wb. 17 a 11 . 24 b 24 . Ml. 21 c 3 (?). 44 c 6 . 51 c 11 . 55 c 1 . 56 b 1 . 134 a 3 . dínni = dunni, 87 d 8 . desom = dosom, 33 a 5 . dinach = donach, Acr. 23 d 2 .

DI + ART.—SING.

(a) before vowels. dind, Wb. 5 c 16 . 10 a 5 . 11 d 16 . dind, 29 a 23 . dind hiriss, 11 d 2 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 24 c 17 . 25 a 19 . 48 d 28 . 58 c 6 . 67 b 17 . 67 c 18 . 89 a 6 . dind, 48 d 28 . 95 a 3 . 104 a 6 . Sg. 17 a 6 . 53 a 10 . dind huiliu, 40 a 17 . dindh, 35 b 13 . 125 a 6 . dindí, 9 a 2 . 63 a 17 (twice). 66 a 28 . 100 a 11 . 125 a 6 . 161 b 10 . 197 a 15 - 16 . Thes. ii 252. 14 ; 255. 7 ; 26. 40 . din obli, Thes. ii 255. 14 . dond: Wb. 10 a 14 . dond, Sg. 9 a 2 . 155 a 1 . dund: Ml. 17 b 23 . 34 a 27 .

(b) before ḟ (+ vowel or liquid): dind, Wb. 22 c 9 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 40 b 8 . 99 a 9 . dind fr., 56 b 1 . dond fritobairt, Sg. 183 b 3 . dun, Ml. 125 a 11 .

(c) before liquids: usually dind: Wb. 20 b 1 , 6 . Ml. 37 b 19 . Sg. 35 b 2 . 65 a 1 . 77 a 5 . Thes. ii 35. 32 ; 339. 3 . din rath, Wb. 5 d 6 . dund, Ml. 37 b 19 .

(d) before ṡ- (s + vowel or liquid): dint: Ml. 2 b 3 . 14 d 10 . 37 b 16 . 89 d 12 . Sg. 58 b 7 . dind: Wb. 13 a 21 . 24 a 17 . Ml. 55 c 1 . dunt, Ml. 27 d 2 .

(e) before d and t: din: din t., Ml. 15 b 4 . 16 c 7 . 24 d 14 . 44 b 1 . Thes. ii 13. 27 . din d., Wb. 12 c 13 . Ml. 61 a 36 . 81 a 7 . 94 c 12 . 97 d 10 . Sg. 39 b 11 . den d., Wb. 25 b 7 . don d., Wb. 9 d 5 . 10 d 8 . dun d., Ml. 17 b 23 (twice); dun t., Ml. 123 c 3 .— dind d., Sg. 5 a 5 . dind t., 3 b 14 .

(f) in other positions: din, dun: din ch., Cambr. 37 b . Wb. 22 c 18 . Ml. 2 b 13 . 112 c 11 . Tur. 60 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . Thes. ii 338. 1 ; 33. 19 . dun ch., 67 d 14 ;—din g., Ml. 48 a 21 . 48 b 2 . 48 d 28 . 49 b 4 . 61 a 37 . 113 d 3 . Sg. 9 b 17 . 156 b 6 . Thes. ii 248. 11 (sic leg.). dun g., Ml. 61 a 34 . 85 b 11 .— din ph., Ml. 126 b 1 .— din b., Ml. 39 a 1 . — din m., Ardm. 188 b 1 . Ml. 14 d 10 . 61 d 7 . 97 d 10 . Tur. 140 . den macc, Tur. 21 . den ch., 60 . den g., Thes. ii 230. 19 . don sc., Thes. ii 299. 8 .— dind b., Wb. 5 c 16 .

DUAL. din: din dib láib, Thes. ii 33. 26 .

PLUR. dinaib: Wb. 5 a 4 . 11 b 4 . 12 d 40 . 16 c 22 . Ml. 19 b 2 , 11 . 19 d 18 . 20 c 3 . 24 a 17 . 26 b 20 . 26 d 12 . 27 a 7 - 8 . 27 b 4 . 35 c 20 . 40 c 18 . 46 b 26 . 51 a 16 . 61 d 5 . 62 a 22 . 67 b 17 . 72 c 3 . 73 c 12 . 75 a 12 . 81 c 14 . 102 d 17 . 129 c 3 . Sg. 2 b 1 . 197 b 7 . Thes. ii 232. 10 . denaib: Ml. 29 a 9 . dinab gabálib, Wb. 13 d 33 . donaib: Ml. 19 d 18 . 23 c 27 . 37 b 24 . 46 b 26 . 60 b 6 . 64 c 17 . 89 a 2 . 107 c 8 . 119 d 3 . Sg. 2 a 10 . 50 a 19 . 63 b 10 . Tur. 115 . dunaib: Ml. 35 a 17 . 55 d 25 (?).

MID.-IR. din, den, don (arch. -nd, -nn); before ṡ- dint, &c. MOD. don, den, dhen, dhent (v. col. 128), don t (don tṡaoghal, don tṡruth, don tṡluach). Plur. Mid.-Ir. dina, dena, dona. These forms date back to Oir., cf. 1 do. Mod. dona, dena, dhena, Munster dosna (modelled on isna, leisna, &c.).

DI + POSS. PR. di short. 1 sg. dim: Wb. 26 d 21 . 27 a 34 . 29 d 3 . Ml. 21 c 7 . 23 d 6 , 9 . Ardm. 18 a 1 . m is unaspirated; hence written dimm, Ml. 23 d 9 . dom, Thes. i 337. 2 . 2 sg. dit: Wb. 31 c 8 . Ml. 40 a 6 . 110 d 12 . Thes. ii 249. 3 . ditodérnamaib, Ml. 40 a 7 . 3 sg. m. n. f. dia m. and n.: Wb. 5 b 10 . 33 a 2 . Ml. 23 d 17 . 40 b 8 . 44 b 1 . 53 d 6 . 65 d 8 . 94 c 8 . 133 a 10 . Sg. 50 a 3 . 111 b 2 . Ardm. 18 a 1 (four times). Thes. ii 253. 6 . fem. Ml. 72 b 17 . 102 a 15 . 1 pl. arch. dear n-: Cambr. 37 c . diar n-: Wb. 14 c 15 . 17 c 23 . 31 b 2 . Sg. 195 a 2 . 2 pl. dibar n-: Wb. 25 a 3 , 30 . 27 c 2 . difar n-: 23 d 17 . 3 pl. dia n-: Wb. 7 b 14 . 31 d 15 . Ml. 43 a 14 . 53 d 15 . 67 d 2 . 69 a 8 . 117 b 7 . 126 a 7 . 134 d 3 .

MID. & MOD.-IR. 1 sg. dim, dem, dom, &c.; mod. dom. 2 sg. dit, det, dot; mod. dot, dod. 2 pl. difar n-, dib(h)ar n-, dib(h)or n-; do bar n-, &c.; mod. do bhur n-, d'úr n-. 3 sg. pl. and 1 pl. The frequent early Mid.-Ir. writing dá (n-), dár n- shows that in the spoken language of the 11th century dia had become dá; dia, however, as a literary form lingered on for centuries until the close of the Mid.-Ir. period. Mod. dá (n-), dhá (n-); dár n-, dhár n-. For dá (n-) in the spoken language very commonly dona, modelled on iona. Exx. of dá from the LU: is cumma imthescad dá sciath ┐ dá sleg ┐ dá chlaideb, 79 b 14 ; ib. 27 . da, ib. 36 ; 81 a 25 . Numerous instances from LL in Quiggin Vorton. Wörter 35 . TBC Gloss.

DI + REL. dia n-: Wb. 8 c 11 . 13 b 12 . 13 c 12 . 13 d 25 . 16 c 7 . 19 d 11 . 21 d 4 .— Ml. 14 d 13 . 35 b 24 . 37 a 10 . 54 a 20 . 69 c 7 . 69 d 4 . 118 a 7 .— Sg. 3 a 2 . 30 b 3 . 66 b 10 . 71 a 17 . 197 a 6 . 197 b 12 , 18 . 208 a 7 . Tur. 80 . 131 . diarbu, ib. 22 . Thes. ii 326. 6 ; 328. 36 ; 337. 23 .— With negatives: diná-: dinadrícthe, Wb. 28 b 1 . dinaconbi, Ml. 85 b 7 . dinach, Acr. 23 d 2 = dunach.—MID.-IR. dia n- and dá n- ( LL 56 a 20 . 68 b 28 . 104 a 41 ), cf. poss. pron. above; neg. diná- doná- (di and do): innisis Mac Roth inní dona ragaib, LL 70 b 48 = TBC-LL¹ 1744 . Cf. ib. 2962 . ceol mbind diná fríth cosmailius fo niṁ, Ériu ii 116 § 47 . doná fríth sét ná samail, TTr.² 1711 . LB 136 a 51 . 138 a 12 . 138 b 11 . AFM v 1276. 17 . MOD. dá n-, dhá n-.

DI + PERS. PR. 1 sg. díim, Wb. 2 a 10 . 30 a 24 . díimsa, 7 a 2 . dimsa, 18 a 3 . dím, Ml. 54 d 7 . 95 d 3 . 132 a 10 . Thes. ii 248. 4 ; 351. 5 . dimsa, Ml. 17 b 18 . dimso, 59 a 18 . 2 sg. dít, Ml. 101 b 1 . 3 sg. m. and n. de masc.: Wb. 4 c 12 . 12 a 22 . 26 d 17 . 28 b 6 . Ml. 16 a 10 . 22 d 19 . 32 d 10 . 38 c 9 . 48 d 27 . 48 d 28 . 50 d 1 . 61 b 12 . 127 b 19 . desom, 33 a 5 . 91 a 21 . de, Sg. 59 b 7 . Thes. ii 298. 23 ; 337. 27 . neut.: Wb. 1 a 3 , 9 . 10 b 27 . 11 d 2 . 16 c 4 . 15 d 21 . 17 d 2 . 19 b 10 . 22 a 11 . 24 c 11 . 32 a 2 . 32 c 11 . Ml. 23 c 5 . 24 d 26 . 26 c 2 . 40 b 9 . 69 a 17 . 122 a 2 . Sg. 18 a 1 . 26 b 5 . 72 b 6 . 147 b 3 . 181 a 5 . Thes. i 5. 29 . Ardm. 18 a 1 . Thes. ii 248. 7 ; 253. 8 ; 298. 18 ; 334. 2 ; 33. 26 . dé: issí a pennit dé (not = ade), Wb. 26 b 20 . Ml. 69 d 3 . dæ, Ml. 44 b 1 . See further exx. in Ériu liii 135 . Rhymes with the final syllable of uide, Acall. 6811 ; comairle, 6659 ; Dairíne, 3231 ; ráidimne, 5170 ; fáistine, 6660 ; Laige, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 48. 9 ; uile, 68. 23 ; -se, 74. 25 . 3 sg. f. di (in Mid.-Ir. often dí, also occasionally in O.Ir. dī: lí, Fél. 166.27; . dī: lī: mbī, IT iii.1 § 131 ), Wb. 15 d 20 . 24 d 11 . 28 d 22 . Ml. 42 b 7 . 95 b 2 . 95 d 8 . 96 a 8 . 102 a 15 , 20 . 145 c 3 . Sg. 27 a 13 . 187 b 6 . 188 a 22 . 209 b 10 . di féisin, 199 b 10 . di feisne, 199 b 6 . dissi, Wb. 28 d 22 . 1 pl. díinn, Wb. 25 a 18 . 31 c 25 . díin, 10 d 8 . díinni, 26 b 18 . diínn, 15 b 4 . diín, 26 b 13 . dínn, 15 a 3 24 c 16 . 24 d 10 . dín, Ml. 105 d 7 . din, Ml. 53 d 9 . dínni, Wb. 10 d 8 . 15 a 6 . 24 c 8 . 24 d 24 . 26 a 25 . 26 d 7 . Ml. 87 d 8 . 135 c 1 . dinni, Wb. 15 d 8a . Ml. 91 b 10 . dinne, Thes. ii 335. 43 . 2 pl. díib, Wb. 27 b 11 . díibsi, 14 d 9 . 25 d 21 . diib, 8 c 9 . 23 a 22 . 24 c 14 . diibsi, 17 b 29 . 24 c 16 . diibse, 26 d 19 . diib féisne, 13 a 26 a . díbsi, 14 d 13 . 25 d 20 . 3 pl. díib, Wb. 5 c 2 . 13 a 16 . Ml. 90 b 17 . 90 c 27 . 121 b 8 . Sg. 9 b 10 . 51 b 13 . 73 b 8 . 74 b 4 . 138 b 4 . 149 a 2 . diib, Wb. 4 d 4 , 5 , 6 . 5 a 20 . 7 d 10 . 8 a 17 . 9 c 31 . 9 d 4 . 10 b 1 . 11 a 4 . 13 b 3 . 14 a 29 . 23 a 23 . 27 a 22 . 28 a 20 . 28 c 4 . Ml. 16 d 2 . 19 d 6 . 20 d 4 . 22 b 1 . 40 c 21 . 72 b 17 , 27 . 90 b 19 . 90 c 9 . 98 b 9 . 104 a 8 . 104 d 3 . 107 b 5 . 114 c 15 . 122 d 7 . 137 c 2 . 145 c 7 , 8 . Sg. 15 b 9 . 29 b 16 . 35 b 13 . 38 b 8 . 63 a 9 . 70 b 4 . 106 b 2 . 203 b 6 . 208 b 8 . 215 a 1 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . Thes. ii 23. 38 . diib féisne, Wb. 13 a 26a . díb, not in Wb; Ml. 30 d 13 . 35 a 8 . 42 b 5 . 47 b 6 . 61 b 17 . 96 c 13 . 129 c 18 . 146 a 3 - 3 . Sg. 9 a 18 . 213 b 8 . Thes. ii 320. 24 ; 335. 25 ; 335. 38 ; 344. 19 . dib, Ml. 33 c 13 . 42 c 7 . 44 a 20 . Thes. ii 34. 34 ; 298. 25 ; 310. 34 ; 316. 24 ; 317. 33 ; 330. 11 ; 335. 28 ; 344. 14 .—3 dual . de in cia de ( Wb. 23 b 33 . Sg. 242 a 1 ). nechtar (cechtar) de, q.v.—In the 2 and 3 pl. diib is disyllabic in Wb, monosyllabic only in connection with an enclitic particle. In the 1 sg. and pl. monosyllabic dím and dínn are original. Wb díim, díinn either disyllabic under the influence of the 2 and 3 pl. or, more likely, Wb-spelling for dím, dínn; cf. Wb rúun, ruún, ríi, &c.

MID.- & MOD.-IR. as Oir.—only monosyllabic all through (arch. occasionally diib. in the 2 and 3 pl.): 1 sg. dím, dímm (Mod. d(h)íom); dímsa (d(h)íomsa). 2 sg. dít, dítt (d(h)íot); dítsu, -so, -sa (d(h)íotsa). 3 sg. m. n. de (d(h)e); desin, desen, deside, desium (d(h)eisean). fem. di (d(h)i), dissi, dise (d(h)ise). 1 pl. dín(n), dínne (d(h)ínn, d(h)ínne). 2 pl. díb (d(h)íbh, d(h)íb), díbsi (d(h)íbhse). 3 pl. díb (d(h)íobh, d(h)íob), díbsin, -sen, -side, -sium, -so (d(h)íobhsan, d(h)íobsan). In Mod.- and late Mid.-Ir. the 3 pl. is kept distinct from the 2 pl. by broad bh ( díob, Mon. Tall. 147. 25 ; 15th cent. MS B IV 2, fo. 60 b . ZCP viii 116 st 15 , rhyming with síor. SG 309. 3 ).

DI, DE IN VERB. & NOM. CPDS. dĕ (cf. pron. cpds. 3 sg. m. n.) most frequent before `ro': co nderbadad (but rodíbda, inf. díbdud), ní derban , nís derbrad ( Thes. ii 347. 2 ), conda-dercacha, LU 87 a 29 , -dercaither (doecci), níruderchóin, derchóiniud, niconderérachtar (doérig), -dergaba (dígbáil), -derna, -dergénsat, -derlaig, -derlaiged, -derlaichta (ni dílgai , dílgud), dermar, dermat, co ndermanammar ni (Mil), dernum, todernam (cf. sním), -deroíma (dítiu), ní derscaigi , ní deruarid (diurad).—Cf. further dered `end, remnant' from *de-reth. Before broad ch, bh: -dechuid (but -dichsed, -dich), dechor, debuith. Occasionally before g-: -dénai, dénum. Before v: dead (besides diad, dudí, dudiastae), imper. deich (but -dích, dígal), aisndéis beside aisndís; but de + fo > dú-, Thurn. Hdb. 458 , or diu-: diunag, or deö-: deolaid `poor.' Before ṡ: degaid (beside digaid), deïd (if from + de-ṡed-), desruith; subj. condessin, ( ZCP x 376 ) (but condieig). di + a- >de in demaig, denall, denuas, v. XXXI. di + ad: dedbol. di + an-: denmne. di + aith: dethbir, dethiden. di + en: dessid, dellig, décsiu, -décci, -décmaing `cut off,' decming `impossible.' di + ess: -dér, -dérig, dérge, ( RC xxxvii 22 ) (do-érig), but dírech; deistiu .i. iartaige clainde, H 3.18, 80 . di + in: dindba, fordingrat, dingbail.

di: frequent with us (and fo): diucrae, diuderc, diunach (do-fonig), fordiuclainn, diummus, diupae, diupart, -diurat, diurad, -diuschi, diuscartae ( domfoscarte, Ml. 127 c 20 ). Cf. also diuchtraim, Wi.—Before most consonants: díbad, rodíbairg, díbe, díberg, díbdud, rodibda, díbert, díchenn, díchned, díchetal, -díchliter (díchlith, dícheilt), díchor (rodíchuired), dídnad, dígal, dígbáil, díguin, dílgud, dímeiccem, dírech, díscir, -díltised, díltud, -díxnigedar. Privative dí- very common: di-anim, -asnéte, -chin, -chmairc, -choem, -chretem, -chumuc, -grád, -gu, -ing, -miad, -rim, -thrub. Emphatic dí: díbec, dímór, díthrom (de- rare in this sense, cf. de-ḟordal, der-).

ORIGIN. Italo-Celt. , Ir. dí. In accented position also dĕ. The latter possibly includes the particle dis-, Lat. dis-. Compare especially the distinction made between dí-chor a putting away and de-chor a disagreement, a difference, diversity, and that between dí-taa stands apart and de-buith difference of opinion, dissent. De- from dis- possibly also in dedail. De- was either developed before broad consonants or possibly like Gk. δία it goes back to dis-a (modelled on μητά, κατά = Ir. ceta-). As dĕ- in the great majority of cases has the same functions as dí-, this explanation presupposes a blending of dē and dis in Irish. The original sense of dis- seems preserved only in nominal cpds. in Irish (de-chor, de-buith, de-dail).

OMISSION OF DI. Di is frequently omitted before the second of two substantives connected by ocus or nó: di ael ┐ chrieid, Ml. 102 d 9 . ib. 133 c 1 . Wb. 4 b 5 . BDD § 1 . MacCarthy, 62. 8 f.b. nech dia chlaind nó huib, RC xxiv 202. 17 .— Repeated: Wb. 13 d 7 , 25 c 12 . Ml. 67 b 17 . RC xxv 240 § 13 , 242 § 15 . Acall. 5355 . 7621 . 7677 .

SENSES. Di corresponds in usage closely to Lat. de, which it constantly translates in the Glosses, and with which it was identified by Irish grammarians: optimi de se meriti, gl. díb, Ml. 61 b 17 . de uita certamen, gl. din bethaid suthin, ib. 39 a 1 . exaltasti me de portis mortis, gl. dinaib dóirsib, 27 b 4 . ib. 19 d 18 . 24 c 17 . 25 a 19 . 40 a 6 , 7 . 73 c 12 . Tur. 21 . 59 . 115 . 132 . 140 . Thes. ii 26. 40 , &c.Ml. 27 d 12 it is introduced to render Lat. dis- in vb. cpds.: non dissimulat, gl. ní deintamladar. Like Lat. de it does not usually apply to time, except in a few petrified phrases, such as di chéin, do ló, d'adaig, d'aidchi, &c., cf. XLIX below. It unites the senses of the original ablative, instrumental and genitive.

De, di in a privative and emphatic sense (Lat. di-magis), see above.

A DI IN THE SENSE OF THE ORIGINAL ABLATIVE.—The difference between di and ass (removal of one object from within another) is shown by the following examples: tanísca Cuillius asa thruaill, LU 65 b 36 . tíscáil gái a hálad, O'Dav. p. 120 ; but : amal tíscar cend di luin, LU 71 a 22 . tairbling asa charput, FB § 36 ; but: doarblaing den chamull, Tur. 60 . tuc a lán...asin dabaig medha, Acall. 7399 . amal soersai lóain assin dabaig out of the vat Fél. Ep. 540 (but de lámaib Assar, Ml. 35 b 24 ).

v I With intransitive verbs of motion, denoting departure, separation or moving away from a place or object indicated by the subst., pron., &c., governed by di. Lat. cedere, decedere, discedere, migrare de. Often with verbs containing di- or ass- (as in Lat.).

atraig arises from, stands up from (Lat. de sella, de toro surgere): forchongair ... coire do línad hó bii ┐ Georgi do thabairt ind. atracht a ḟiuchad de cóic cubat déc, PH 1265 . Cf. éirgid: coro érig a ḟeoil ┐ a lethar de, ib. 2144 . aṁal luaithreadh saṁraidh ag eirghe do lár ré gal ngaoithe, TSh. 3. 5 . Cf. also Ml. 21 c 7 : de strato meo matutinus adsurgam, gl. dim dérgud.

bruinnid darts, springs forth from: bruinnid breo di thein, LL 145 a 40 . bruinnid araile díb bréo don teni forsin mac, Cóir Anm. § 54 . Cf. do-bruinn.

con-oscaigi removes from: cumscugud du díglae dín, Ml. 105 d 7 .

conrualae went away, departed : for nem a conrualae cech laithe dind íre what has gone to heaven from the earth Fél. Ep. 26 .

do-airling springs from, descends from: doarblaing den chamull, Tur. 60 (twice). disin doeirbling unde desilit, ib. 59 . beirid eocha lib ┐ ná túirlingid díob, SG 257. 18 .

do-bruinn springs forth, flows from, sprouts : dubrúinn dinaib slébib forsna talmana...in chré fechtnach sin, Ml. 81 c 14 . Cf. 1 bruinnid.

do-cer falls : docer in biail dia samthig, Tur. 131 . co torchair in cochull dib, Thes. ii 335. 28 .

do-érnai escapes from: ní thérna duine di riam gan éc, Acall. 6792 .

do-ic comes : súth nime ticed don draic sin, PH 2491 . táinic aingel Dé do nim, 3467 . 2473 . 5367 .—For the idiom tic dím `I can,' see below.

do-téit comes from, téit goes from: notésstae (sic leg.) di thír ┐ talam na ní sin, Wb. 9 b 19 . tuidecht in popuil di Ægipt, Ml. 130 b 1 . dichoid de muldach Muire which went out from the head of M. Mon. Tall. 127. 10 . coná térna ass acht a ndechaid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib, LMU § 15 . doraga mac duni de nim i lló brátha, RC xxv 234. 15 . doraga in Comdiu de nim, RC iv 248. 3 f.b. do thuidecht do nim, PH 3044. 3087 . cech húair nothéged dia lurgc, BColm. 56. 14 . má ragad cliar dimdach de, Ériu iv 214 st 10 . rachaid in fiad ata urri di, Acall. 7505 . iar ndol a feirge díbh, Cog. 214. 27 .

do-tuit falls from: coel ┐ cumung in drochet co tuitet dia medón isin glend ngaibthech, FA § 22 . mar tuitios baindi daill, O'Gr. Cat. 198 . gur thuit duille na fíréandachta bunadhasaighe dhínn, TSh. 91. 20 . cloch gan láma uirre ag tuitim do ṡliab, ib. 3. 1 .

dul depart from: ré ndul don doṁan so, TSh. 103. 7 .

lingid leaps from: ní asse léim dind béstatu ┐ dind tinchosc, Wb. 5 c 16 .

scáilid parts with: doscaeil in chaillech díob, SG 309. 3 . dond ch., 308. 4 f.b.

scaraid separates from, parts with: nír scar din fognam SG 326. 28 .

scuchaid departs from: scuchaid dím a mallachtnachu LU 32 a 34 . RC iv 248 § 9 . PH 3635 . Cf. LL 92 b 20 : ragab som dá armaib for feraib Hérenn coro scáigsetar dó.

scuirid ceases from: scuirem i fecht sa do scélaib na ṅGaedel, LL 4 a 47 . coná rosguirsed don treathan, MR 256. 11 . scuir don forcetul sin, PH 708 . níor sguireadar den tseolréim sin gur ghabhadar cuan a nEas Dara, OCT 9.20 .

snigid drips from: inbanda uisci glain oc snige anuas don charraic, PH 506 .

teichid flees from: ní techdis na heoin dia chonair reime, Ériu v 20. 14 . oc teiched din tsligid, SG 403. 3 .

trágid ebbs from: trágid in pian díb, FA § 24 .

II With trans. verbs denoting removal, abstraction, expulsion, robbing from, &c. (Lat. abripere, capere, deicere, emittere, eripere, expellere de); particularly after verbs containing di-.

ar-clich wards off: oipni ri airsclaige na gona díb, TTr. 2056 .

ar-scarta sweeps off, casts out: cethri cóicid Hérenn... do aurscartad di Maig Murthemni, RC iii 179. 3 .

benaid (bainid, béim, buain) takes off, cuts off from; wrenches, strips from, &c. ní bas síriu bithus di chend dít, LU 71 a 22 . bí a dornd do Ḟiachaig, ZCP iii 45. 2 . co mbí a chend de, TBC-LL¹ 1309 Y. robean sum a chathbarr dia chind, MR 70. 23 . in cochall gan a buain de, Acall. 4890 . SG 13. 3 . ic búain duilisc do charraic, ZCP v 497 § 11 . a chroiceann do bhuain de, TSh. 190. 19 .

berid takes away from, dobeir, do-ucc-, &c.: ruuc cách a rainn dí sin amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib bertae hodie, Ml. 63 c 18 . amal runucad buáid diib, 104 a 8 . rouic búaid diib, Wb. 27 a 22 . Cf. buadigidir, XXXII below. Thes. ii 311. 20 . bec nách ruc ár folta diar cennaib, Siab. Conc. Anecd. iii 49. 1 . ní beir dím sním lobrae, Fél. Prol. 223 . étach berar do aos tuati, Mon. Tall. 154. 42 . nach brat berair do aos étraich, 155. 24 . Acall. 7366. 7931 .— berid coscur de, PH 3515 . 4895 . 4909 . 6275 . 8407 . co ruca braff di, ib. 3513 . go tuc Gamut leis da thig na ceola go teach Grigair, ZCP viii 114. 16 . tucsat a lláma chucu don méis, PH 5136 . breth di, 4200 .

brataid steals from: cétna brat Saxan di Ére, AU A.D. 434 .

cnuasaigid gathers from: do barr in ḟeóir docnuasaigthea in mil, CF 73. 10 .

con-gaib keeps from: ní congebed uacht síne do ḟeiss aidche hi linnib, Thes. ii 315. 2 .

con-scara keeps apart from: co comscara Dia dínn a mbruth, Otia ii 96 § 27 .

con-sní gains from: ag cosnum mennato dia bráithrib RC xxiv 176. 4 .

cuirithir puts away from: cuirid díib in nere so, Wb. 27 b 11 . n do chor diib, Sg. 106 b 2 . rochuir a mertnigi de, SCC § 31 . dénum aithrige co cuirmis dind ní diar cintaib, MacCarthy 62. 1 f.b. cor chuir in cathbarr de, Acall. 7931 . SG 13. 3 . PH 451 . iar ccor in tṡaoghail dé having retired from the world AFM 847 .

dlomaid removes, expels from: dlomais dóib da thír díles, LL 152 b 45 .

do-airindi, -tairinni lowers : aṁail do turnadh an chloch don tṡlíabh, TSh. 3. 20 .

do-boing exacts (a tax) from: toibgigthur éric dit, Laws ii 16. 6 ; ib. i 136. 11 , v 422. 20 . fuil Críst do thabach dia clannaib, PH 3287 . a lín in tṡluaigh doboing bretha dín, RC xvii 143. 19 .

do-cuirethar, vn. díchor, puts away, prevents from: bod ríg Érenn acht co ṅdíchuirea Luirig do neart ata forin neclais, BB 208 a 38 . díchor da cach dualaig, Alex. 824 .

do-ecmaing, -ecmaing cuts off : coneccmaing a láimdói di Lugaid, RC iii 182. 3 . décmaing a chend de, LL 291 b 3 . RC xiii 46 § 58

do-esc-, tesc- cuts off : doneiscend a chend den mil TBF, ZCP iv 41 . 5 (YBL). do chlaideb féin tescfas dít do chend, Dinds. § 36 . tescthar de a lám, RC x 68. 15 . gur thesc barr a thengad de, Cóir Anm. 279 . gur thesc a chenn da cholann, Sechrán 66 .

do-feid, do-díat leads from: as nert Dæ dudaruid som du cech imniud, Ml. 63 b 12 . oca tuididen di cech imniud, ib. 92 c 5 .

do-foscart-, -diuscart removes : díuscart dím an delg, Thes. ii 248. 4 . díscart dín in nécin fil fornd, LU 63 b 9 . nodiuscartiss de, BColm. 94. 22 .

do-fúarcaib, tócbál, etc. raises from: ní thuargaib a cend dia glún, LMU § 17 . tuarcabad dímm a náirde tegdais i rraba, PH 3728 . toicébut sa mo thinnscrai dhít, Lism. L. 1159 . dosnócaib do lár, Trip. 552. 8 . cioth rod-tógbhuais dot choilcthaib, ITS v 20. 10 .

do-gaib, vn. dígbáil, takes away from: dirogbad a díib, Sg. 9 b 16 . ná digebad cid a oenḟocul dia briathraib si nó di briathraib ind cáich cossa fuided, Mon. Tall. 150. 5 . ó ndígaibther .vi. lathi díbsin, PH 4931 .

do-ícsa takes off : bithus di chend dít amal tíscar di luin, LU 71 a 22 . ní thíscad a drucht do rind ind ḟeoir FB § 88 .

do-ingaib, vn. díngbáil, keeps off from: Dia dím cech saeth doringba, Thes. ii 351. 5 . FA § 16 . a Dhia cidh ná dingbai dínd in cia why keepest Thou not the mist off from us? RC xvii 143. 17 . BColm. 92. 17 . PH 344. 7233 . dingaib dind na hamaiti, Acall. 6767 . 4416 . 5463 . 6975 . 7143 . 7680 .

do-léci lets go, throws, lets down: condarlicthe tech immunn di nim, Wb. 15 c 13 . tairlaicid forchai tentide dina nemdaib a fiery bolt was hurled from the skies Trip. 60. 19 . ind long...doleced do nim, FA § 2 . rotelged... do neim, BColm. 64. 8 . theilgeas na daoine i dtiaich na talṁan do chlár táiplisi an tsaoghail, TSh. 26. 2 . teilc tart doit, Thes. ii 258. 12 (one expects dít).

do-seinn hunts : rotaiphnedh socraite Poimp don muigh, CCath. 5769 .

fennaid flays : iar ḟendad a chrocind ┐ a ḟindfaid dia chind, PH 6578 .

fo-ceirt throws from: focertam fial diínn, Wb. 15 b 4 . amal foceirt nech a ætach de, 32 c 11 . facheird dia aicniud, Ml. 94 c 8 .

fóidid sends : fóidis Dia Michel do nim, SR 1918 .

foxul, toxul remove from: iar foxul s diib, Sg. 15 b 9 . ferann da togslaidther in athgabáil, Laws i 302. 17 .

gaibid takes (away) from, keeps from: gabáil mo gotha dím, Ml. 95 d 13 . masa gabáil rogabu de in mac sin, Laws v 200. 12 . ní gebed di dul ind, Thes. ii 315. 22 ; ib. 333. 1 .—Frequent in the phrase gaibid desemrecht di takes example from: co ngaba cách d. dit gnímaib, Wb. 31 c 8 . 7 b 14 . 24 c 8 , 14 . 26 a 25 . 26 b 7 , 13 , 18 . 26 d 7 , 17 . 28 a 20 . 30 a 24 . 32 a 2 . Ml. 22 b 1 . 30 d 13 . 118 a 7 . cu ragabthai se desmberecht dimm, PH 5272 . ib. 3573 .

gataid takes away from, lops off; steals from: ní gatda diib imnetha in betho, Wb. 10 b 1 . mar ragatad a chend de Chormac, LL 52 b 7 . gatsat mo uli indmas dím PH 704 .

glanaid clears away from, expels from: glanais a luathred di lár ind lis, LU 23 b 12 . Mac Moga ┐ Eocho glanait sluago Mumnech do chlár Lifi Lagnech, LL 35 b 10 .

gluaisid moves from: gluasacht oenubuild díob de lár Mon. Tall. 145. 18 .

in-árban expels from: indarpe s de genitin ejection of `s,' Sg. 77 b 2 . Usually constructed with ass.

laaid casts from: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅdé diib, Ml. 16 d 2 . rolá in cennide dia chind, ScM. § 3 . rolá a bratt de, PH 1128 . 7084 . Cf. rolái dó a étach, ib. 5242 .

léicid puts away from: fár léigis díot do choimét, SG 260. 11 . ná leic meisi don chroich sin, PH 2471 . anté leigeas de gan bheith ag smuaineadh, TSh. 7. 5 ; same phrase 9. 19 .

leoid cuts off from: co roleoad dia bun, Ériu iv 134. 11 .

scáilid loosens from, releases from: BB 364 a 40 . rosgaoil macc an chuill dá héill, Tor. Dh. Oss. 182 . co roscáil de fochetóir, PH 2195 . atá mian orm sgaoileadh dhíom, TSh. 75. 14 . leaves alone: sgaoil don médail!, RC xxix 220 .

scipaid sweeps or snatches away from: cor scib dím in díliu, Ériu iv 128. 15 . an ceann lem ingin do sgiobfainn dod chaolsgrog, Midnight court 652 . ib. 709 .

taithmigid loosens from: taithmidig a chuibrige de PH 2227 . assan i cuibrech ┐ ócech immalle fria. taithmigid díb, ib. 4372 . 2223 ; with do = di, 2112 , 4888 .

-talla takes off: tiagsa contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58 c 6 . nico tald som dér dia gruad, Mon. Tall. 153. 23 . an bic co tall mo léni dím, LL 277 a 19 . antan tallus mo chéill dia thorbu dam, Ériu iv 134. 11 . tallsat in étach de PH 3300 .

tremi-beir transfers from: crux ainm do gním in chrochtho acht tremiberar di suidiu conid ainm dun chrunn, Wb. 8 a 5 . Ml. 2 b 17 . 21 c 3 .

III With verbs denoting salvation from, protection from, cure of:

aingid: nonanich Dia di cach imniud, Wb. 16 a 4 . Dia mór mo anacol de mur teintide, ACC 4 .

cobraid helps out of: cabair mé don díchumang sa, BColm. 62. 11 . fuarus sa mo chabair do cach docamail irraba isin tsægal, YBL 164 a 31 .

do-eim rescues from (orig. `demit'): conidnderoimed di lámaib Sauil, Ml. 55 d 4 .

do-essoirc saves : dumesurc sa din (sic leg.) galar fúail se, Thes. ii 248. 11 . donnesmart...do, etc., 322. 10 .

ícaid saves from: ár nícc donaib galaraib i mbiam, Ml. 107 c 8 . isindí rondannícais ni din derchoiniud hísin, 89 a 6 . din galar, 48 b 2 , 48 d 28 . dun g., 61 a 34 . dun tedmaim, 123 c 3 . donaib imnedaib, 35 c 20 .— íccfaid side (i.e. Dia) cách dia cintaib, PH 6475 .

soeraid id.: nobsóirfa si Dia dinab fochidib, Wb. 11 b 4 . di peccad, 24 c 18 . nonsoer ni di dóiri...dinaib pecthaib ┐ donaib adradaib idal dorigensam, Ml. 46 b 26 . din dóiri, 81 a 7 . de d., Fél. Ep. 532 . din galar, Ml. 48 a 21 . 61 a 37 . dinaib fochidib, 19 b 2 , 11 . 24 a 17 . 26 d 12 . di f., 20 a 12 . ( Fél. Ep. 520 ). dinaib imnedaib, 27 a 7 - 8 . 102 d 17 . donaib i., 89 a 2 . di lámaib (Asar, mu námat, &c.), 35 b 24 . 53 d 6 . 55 d 6 . 61 d 2 . 68 a 2 . 84 c 15 . 90 c 18 . Fél. Ep. 528 . du l., Ml. 91 d 4 . pro liberatione .i. di lámaib A., 72 d 6 , 7 . di chumachtu Assar, 112 c 12 . cum saluata sis, gl. di chumachtu A., 107 a 2 . saluum eum fecit Deus .i. di ingraimmim Abisolon, 87 c 1 . di thein, Thes. ii 302. 5 .— Fél. Ep. 512 . 516 . 524 . 536 . 552 . 556 . rosaerad Abraham dona gáibthib, PH 5885 . Three Hom. 92. 29

With omission of the verb: di thólu æchtrann ┐ námat di phlágaib tened ┐ nóine save us from Thes. ii 256. 11 .

IV After verbs denoting cleansing, clearing, purging, washing:

nigid cleanses from. in sruth niges anmand na næm din (v.l. don) chutrumma chinad noslenand, FA § 16 .

V With verbs denoting restraint, prevention or prohibition (di + dat. pers. or dat. rei). quis nos impediuit..., gl. dind riuth forsa robith, Wb. 20 b 1 .

ar-fuirig keeps back from: ma arfuirestae díb in taidchur, Ml. 47 b 6 .

ar-gair forbids : ní argart recht díinn, Wb. 31 c 25 . prohibentes nos, gl. .i. dínni, 24 d 24 . prohibere, gl. .i. diib féisne nó di nach aile, 13 a 26 a . ní bói ní aridgarad de, Ml. 72 b 6 . din, 53 d 9 . dím, 132 a 10 . argérat ítaid díib, 121 b 8 , with which comp. Mon. Tall. 147. 25 : ní argara ítid díob, and RC ix 474. 21 : cumma aranggairtis gortai ┐ íttaid díb na hubla; -argarad dit, BDD § 13 .

ar-troetha restrains from: artróidfea siu inna drochdáini dia nanduch, Ml. 134 d 3 .

baccaid hinders : nír bacadh dibh no one hindered them Lism. L. 3208 . an aithne bhacas dín the commandment that hinders us MacCur. p. 110 .

con-gaib restrains from: níscongbaitis .i. di ersolcud a ngena, Ml. 55 a 18 .

con-secha id. coiscid do bar nimresuin, Fen. 182. 5 . coscther a gin de golgaire, TTr. 1068 . Ériu v 190 l. 472 . coisg dá luadh, Each. Iol. 59. 3 .

do-airmesca, -tairmesca hinders : ní rotoirmescad dibso toidecht, PH 575 . Cf. nadat torbad .i. nachat tairmescad dit gaisciud, LL 262 a 21 . Cf. SG 22. 2 , 16 .

VII After fris-toing abjures : mani cometsam dear tolaib ┐ ma fristossam dear pecthib, Cambr. 37 c .

VIII After anaid ceases from, rests from, orig. `to breathe...from' (cf. ἀναπνέω with gen.): ná anam di dénum maith, Wb. 20 c 14 . iarsindí ronan hua céin di aisndis dun popul, Ml. 126 b 1 . de molad Dé ni anad, Thes. ii 315. 1 ( anad do molad, PH 2418 . ) rogess dó anad de, LL 288 b 16 . an dím, ib. 119 a 25 . ní anfem de, Lec. 150 a 1 = BB 326 b 4 . anad dind imguin, SCC § 36 . roansat dia nimratib FB § 72 . anad de thinsaitin, LL 159 b 2 . do imthecht LU 22 b 3 . 25 a 16 . ó and oc are competing prepositions.

IX In the construction of such verbs as beogidir revives from, sonartnaigidir becomes strong from: a mbeogud dia marbad, Mon. Tall. 147. 17 . a rrosonartnaigestar din galar hi robae, Ml. 49 b 4 .—Cf. Speijer Scr. Synt. § 100 n. 2 .

X After verbs denoting surpassing, excelling:

deligid surpasses : deligfit a ndegláich de deglaechaib fer nÉrenn, LL 57 a 16 .

do-róscai surpasses, excels : ní derscigem nech di alailiu, Wb. 2 a 14 . doroschither dano diib, Ml. 107 b 5 . di hilib, 40 a 18 . Sg. 40 a 6 , 7 , 8 , 17 . 42 a 1 . doróscaisset maic Israhel donaib cenélaib cocríchthaib, Ml. 119 d 3 . di neuch, Sg. 43 a 3 . 45 a 11 ; further 42 a 1 , 5 . 42 b 2 , 3 . 40 a 13 . Thes. ii 335. 43 .— dirósced Cuchulainn diib uile, LU 121 b 21 . roderscaig do mnáib Érend, 48 a 25 . darrósci de rígaib, LL 237 b 5 . FB § 1 . CCath. 279 . SG 345. 2 , &c.

ro-uc prevails over, outstrips : a ned ruc do chéli do ócaib domoin...roucaiseo di mnáib Ulad, FB § 18 . a ned rucc grian do rennaib nime rucaisiu de mnáib domain uile, ib. § 19 . roucsaidse...do sluagaib na tíri sin ule, § 93 . ruc Íth de brithemnaib Hérend, LL 12 a 17 . corruc díb Ír mac Miled...do cach luing, ib. 12 b 22 .

XI In the construction of verbs denoting lack or want of. The preposition which originally depended on the verb often comes to be associated with a neighbouring noun or pronoun in a partitive sense.

ar-tá stands before, confronts, remains: becc arabí do uidi do neuch, Anecd. iii 21. 11 .

do-esta is wanting : andudesta di foirbthetu for nirisse, Wb. 1 a 9 . 23 d 17 . ma dudesta ní dibar niris, 25 a 30 . tesarbae óinloman de, 17 d 2 . aní dodesta di chomalnad, 26 d 8 , cf. ea quae desunt .i. diar niris, 31 b 2 . ut nihil desit, gl. dia forcitul, 31 d 15 . Ml. 94 c 10 . Acr. 3 c . Thes. ii 13. 27 ; 33. 19 ; 33. 26 .—dá bliadain teasda do dá ḟichet = thirty-eight years, Cog. 140. 21 (B). dís testa do ḟichit = eighteen AU ii 230. 15 . oenlá tesbaid di fichit nineteen days SR 6814 . a ndotesta dit nirt, SCC § 13 . ní theseba do slondud su don tír se, Dinds. § 127 . —Competing prepos.: ass, Wb. 28 d 31 . Hy. v 88 .

do-fuarat remains, is left over . Prep. no longer connected with the verb: forsan dered duruarid dib, Ml. 44 a 20 . nícon diurat ní dib dia æs (partitively), 72 b 17 . do neoch rothiruarthestar din churp doenna, RC xxv 242. 8 .

mairid is left over, remains : ó nár mair do thrí cathaib na Féinde acht mad Oisín, Acall. 7906 . issed romairistar d'iarsma na muintire, 7903 .

XII After verbs and substantives denoting disgust, abhorrence of:

lius: amal nadngaib lius di suidiu is samlid insin nísgaib som lius di fordiuclaimmim mu thuaithe se, Ml. 34 b 6 .

XIII With verbs denoting buying from, receiving from. Lat. emere, redimere, mercari, accipere de aliquo.

ar-fóim receives from: anmman araḟóimtar di dánaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg. 156 b 4 . combed de láim anmcharat arfemad sacrafaic, Mon. Tall. 146. 26 . is do láim ind anmcharat is cóir airitiu in tsacrafaic, 146. 23 . de aiti, 160. 18 .

cennaigidir buys from: is díles in mac sin don fer isa ben coro chendaigther de, Laws v 200. 12 . ceinnechutsa fín lógmar díb, LB 139 a 51 .

crenaid id.: ní cria di ṡecht mbaethaib file la Féne .i. di mnái di chimbid di mesc di drúth, &c., Tec. Corm. § 19 .

do-oggell(a), ZCP x 377 , LEIA D-172-73 . buys from: issed doruagell diib AU A.D. 963 . doruachell lógu móra don scolaigi, LB 213 a 56 .

XIV After verbs denoting asking, begging, demanding . Lat. quaerere, percontari de aliquo.

fisraigid inquires : dḟiosruig de, Gadelica ii 91. 6 .

guidid begs : in clam gáde ailgis dí, Thes. ii 339. 5 . nathir...gáid dím a tichtu i Pardos, SR 1322 . gáid side di mithisse .vii. ṁbliadan, LU 134 b 12 . But also with do ( LU 61 b 22 ; LL 288 b 16 ; 124 a 14 ) and co ( SR 2171 ).

iarmi-foig asks : with di and do in Mid.- as in Mod.- Ir.; the oldest sources seem to prefer do: iarfaigis dó, FB § 39 . iarmoracht dosom, Mon. Tall. 137. 2 . roiarfacht scéla dó, Trip. 122 . LU 113 a 22 . dia coic .i. do B., Thes. ii 334. 41 . doib (v.l. dibh) ib. 323. 9 . Mid.-Ir. usually di; de, Acall. 2854 . 3646 . 6445 (do only in proclisis as 6546 ); PH 1802 . 1960 . 2611 . 2621 . 3106 . 6579 . 7294 , &c.

XV In the construction of dligid (ar-dlig) in Mid.-Ir., competing with do.—OLD-IR. do: (a) dlegair domsa precept do chách, Wb. 1 b 8 . dlegair do neuch attlugud buide do Dia, Ml. 55 a 7 . (b) dligim ní duit I have a claim upon thee, Wb. 32 a 20 . rodligestar ní dó, Ml. 36 a 29 . MID.-IR. (a) di: ní dlegar díb dol a cath, BColm. 102. 3 . ardlig dín a cetol, Fél. June 1 . a ndermat ní dlegar dím, LL 137 a 12 . dlegar dínn ár nimcaissin do thimorcain PH 6870 . ib. 4098 . 4157 . 4168 . 4182 . 6514 , &c. ní díom dlegar, SG 320. 35 . do: dlegair do neuch cloechlód inaid do dénum, PH 6464 . (b) duine trúag dia rodlecht rí Laigen lind, Thes. ii 337. 23 . rodlig Lugaid fíacha de SG 253. 7 . orguin rodligestar Ingcél díb to which I. had been entitled from them BDD § 23 . dligid Colmán screpall de, BColm. 94. 27 . dligim dítsu, RC iii 184 . In this sense do is not used in Mid.-Ir.

XVI After verbs denoting eating, drinking from. (orig. abl. or gen.). Competing prep.: ass.

ibid drinks from: assibsem imróol di rath in spirito, Wb. 12 a 17 . de turbulento riuo ... potare .i. dint sruth buadarthu, Ml. 2 b 3 . ité ata mou atoibet do thopur ecna na deachta, PH 6238 . cachaen ibius ní de (.i. din tobur), Acall. 6778 . —ass: ibhis digh móir aisti (sc. assin tsíthal), Acall. 7151 .

óol drink from: deug mór du óul din dígail, Ml. 94 c 12 .

loimm sip from: is loimm de (v.l. do) romuir, Fél. Ep. 41 .

ithid eats : mad a lourtu noestais diib, Ml. 98 b 9 .

XVII After verbs (words) denoting choice or selection out of a number or quantity.

do-roígu has chosen : nípat hé indíi beta thuicsi di Iudeib, Wb. 4 c 40 . toga díb sin choose of them ZCP viii 318. 4 . aitire dogó de manchaib, Ériu i 220. 6 .

XVIII In the construction of do-rorban profits by, from: is mór a thorbe de dúnni, Wb. 1 a 3 . níbtá torbe de, 19 b 10 . connach bi tarbe dúinde de, Acall. 4213 .

XIX Di with ellipse of verb between two substantives, indicating removal of the former from the latter: dá mad gnáth mairb a talmain nó fuilt do chennaib dáine, Acall. 7062 . a cind dona druídib ┐ dona filedaib mani fintar cia doróne ...shall lose their heads ZCP iii 5 § 15 . Cf. usce dia mbassaib do dhig fair, MacCarthy 70. 13 .

XX Expressing position with regard to, (north, south, &c.) of: amal rundgab Slíab Sion andes ┐ antuaid dun chathraig, Ml. 67 d 14 . in tulach lethaniar do Themraig, Acall. 7897 . allathís dia ṡúil below his eye PH p. 630 b . suas de, Thes. ii 314. 7 . Cf. Sliabh Cruadha do thaobh dhé, ML 22. 12 .

XXI Ml. 55 c 1 : hi telaig ba nessam dind slóg, dind seems to stand for older dund (nessa do geintib, Wb. 2 b 17 . cid as nesu dúin, LL 258 b 43 . LB 219 a 70 . dó LU 62 b 40 ); but both constructions might be old. Cf. Lat. proximus with dat., abl. and ab, and Umbr. nesimei asa deveia (abl.), Iguv. 6 a .

XXII-XXXI ABLATIVUS ORIGINIS—denoting derivation, descent, source, starting-point or the like.

XXII After dotéit, do-ic (cf. I supra) ásaid, imfolngai, forcomnacair indicating the source (thing or person) whence anything originates or is acquired. dotéit: ished dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne, Wb. 22 a 11 . cid mall ished dodechuid de, 24 c 11 . anda lim ol sisi dorraga ní don mac sin something will come of that boy Mon. Tall. 150. 26 . is de taett ár tárcud ne, BColm. 98. 9 . do-ic: táinigc maith an tsámaid sa dom thoisgc cucu good has come to this congregation from my journey to them BColm. 98. 11 . de tháinig a thiughlaithi, MacCarthy 420. 4 (BB). táinig don smuaineadh sin gur dhiúlt sé dáinius an tṡaoghail, TSh. 13. 12 . thiocfadh de, dá dtiocfadh, ib. 14. 28 ; 34. 2 f.b. ; 48. 13 ; 65. 1 ; 80. 11 . IDIOM. ní tic dím I cannot (orig. it cometh not from me; for the sense-development cf. Acall. 7680 ): ní tic din (sic leg.) astud we cannot keep RC v 200 § 12 . tic dimsa, ib. ní thic dim a náirim uli, LU 39 a 12 . ní thicfad don domun uli, LB 145 a . ní thic dimm a nindise uli, PH 503 . do neoch, IT i 169. 21 . with do: ní thic dún a rád, LL 29 b 2 . ásaid: síl Aeda diar ásair mór ríg, LL 185 b 1 . iseadh fásas desin, MacCarthy 122. 2 (BB). fásaid in maith se díb co menic, PH 7963 . —im-folngai causes, effects : imforlinged mór namri de, Wb. 15 d 21 . Ml. 69 d 4 . déde immefolngi dundí contuarcar, Ml. 34 a 27 . condib degním immefolngither de, 23 c 5 . imfolngar gním di suidib fochetoir, 31 d 10 . a folad dia nimmolṅgaithær uox the substance from which vox is produced Sg. 3 a 2 . The last ex. shows how close is the connection between this sense and that of XXVII (c). forcomnacair has come from, is formed from, v. foll.

XXIII Expressing the origin or derivation of a name .

(a) name from: denominatiua, gl. de rét ailiu roainmnichthe, Sg. 31 a 5 . ainmnigud dind rét as mám and, 77 a 5 . doberr ainm ṅdóib din gním gníte, 156 b 6 = PCr. 65 b 1 . a fogur dia forcomnacair, Sg. 30 b 3 . mbruigfer cid ara neper? dí lín a mruige, Laws iv 31 . Lugaid...is desin ráiter Gairbḟerand claidim Luigdech, RC xxiv 186. 16 .—Often approaching or passing into the sense of `cause.' is ainm sanctus dó dind rubríci sin, Ml. 37 b 19 . amal asrobrad leusom donaib feraib trénaib di inni a nneirt asrobrad donaib ídlaib di inni a nenartae, 37 b 24 . asberam sanctos doib dint sainriud inna nóibe techtae, 37 b 16 .

(b) gram. derived from: Aniendae di anmmaim ind ṡrotho, Sg. 35 b 7 . rosarium .i. bróinde nó rostae .i. de rosa dind luib, 35 b 2 . celae dondí as caelestem , 9 a 2 .

XXIV Connecting two substantives, of which the latter indicates the source whence the former has come or is brought (cf. XIX): pane caeli, gl. in sásad di nim, Ml. 123 c 15 . Iudae Machabeo, gl. di Macha civitate , 67 b 16 . sacaird dí triub Leui, Tur. 6 . Lassar di cheniul C., Ardm. 17 a 2 ; 18 a 1 (dia desciplib di Laignib); 18 b 1 § 15 . lam nóib di Laignib, Thes. ii 326. 2 . Dé de nimib, Hy. vi 19 . Nár thuathech di thuathaib Cruithnech di chlaind Lóith LL 138 b 13 . cométaid di muintir nime, Snedg. u. Mac R 37. 6 . dias dAlbain is do Lochlaind, ib. 13 . Nechtán de Albae, Fél. Jan. 8 . Émene de Brú Berbae, Dec. 22 . Ep. 396 . láir do Chorco Ché rodnalt, ZCP viii 307. 30 . ib. 313. 32 ; 110. 5 . Ériu iv 104. 5 , 15 ; 106. 15 . luisse do ṡléib a flash from a mountain, 102. 15 . daig do sléib, Rawl. 84 b . dig den tiprait, Ériu iv 100. 15 .—do ṡíl Rosa (the npr. follows) LL 314 a 18 .

XXV Indicating racial origin, descent .

cinid springs, descends from: cinsiu di churp ríg sceo rígnai, FB § 22. 3 . conid díb rochinset in dá tharb, LL 246 b 51 . cinfid di ṡíl Chuind, ZCP iii 461. 16 . nír chin a choṁaosa dia chined i naonaimsir, AFM 1788. 5 . Competing prep.: ó ( Wb. 4 c 6 ; LL 46 a 34 , &c.).

gainithir is born from: ó óinsíl rogénartar dá macc de, Wb. 4 c 12 . cuirp genit...dina sílaib dereolaib, LU 37 a 31 . geinfid maccán dia fine, Three Hom. 98. 23 . co ngeinfitis cinedu iumda dia ṡíl, PH 2260 . oen is mesa rogen ┐ genfes do ṡíl Adaim, 3079 .—More usual with ó.

do-fuissim v. XXIX (c). is di v. XXVI. attá di v. XXIX.

XXVI After the copula.

(a) indicating the group, person or thing whence anything originates or of which it is a part.

(α) type † ba di Grecaib Aichil: di chlaind Cham ind Egiptacdai, Ml. 99 b 7 . ba do Ḟraṅccaib máthair inna clainne, Thes. ii 309. 19 . ba díb in tṡaergein Slaṅga, LL 5 b 23 . corub do muinntir Finn iat, Acall. 3142 . cúicir druad...ba díb Badgna, díb Cathbad drái, 2543 . do lucht in tíre seo hé, 7476 . do Thuathaib Dé Danann issí, 3907 . asberat bid di lucht na luinge...in tEugan Táidlech, ZCP viii 313. 23 . ib. 26 . ba de Ultaib a bhunudhus, RC vi 174. 8 . Ériu iv 140. 20 .— is din chorp in ball, Wb. 22 c 18 . ní díbsem in comsuidigud, Sg. 213 b 8 . is do chóicid Chondacht in ferann sin, RC xxiv 186 § 20 . PH 5766 . 2589 .

(β) type †ba di Grecaib do Aichil indicating racial origin: de Iudéib do Barnaip di geintib do Thit, Wb. 18 d 6 . di Iudéib doib, 27 d 4 . as ndi thalam do that he is of the earth Ml. 68 c 4 . di chlaind Thessei dóib .i. di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31 b 2 . ropo do Dáil Choncobair dosom, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is dár sluagaib duitsiu a Ḟerguis, TBC-LL¹ 753 . can do Ḟind? do Laignib ar Cáilte, Acall. 6547 . Finn...do chlannaib Baiscne dó, 7307 . as do Leith Cuinn dó, 2029 . ní dibh dóibh ZCP viii 112. 1 . ib. 112. 4 . Todd Nenn. 224. 30 .—Cf. d'oendreim dóib is d'aencháraid they were of one company and of one yoke (of horses), BColm. 90. 11 .—Rarely of things or abstracts (as type α): is de corpore dissi (of the eye), Wb. 12 a 26 . prouindsi Aroandum didiu, do rigi Magnuis Cam dhi, ZCP i 388 . Hence the change of construction, Ériu iv 140. 19 : de chloind Míled dúindi ┐ do Grécaib ár mbunad.

(b) indicating the origin of a name: is de is named from: corub díb...na trí tulcha, Acall. 6517 .

XXVII After the subst. verb.

(a) of origin, descent, native place : nícon bia rí dit chlaind, ZCP viii 315. 24 . manodfil fer di chlaind Airt i nÉre ishé in fer sin, 311. 34 . Most frequent diatá from whom is (are) ZCP viii 293 pass. dia rabatar Mic Conchubair, 294. 21 .— cathrach dia rabi, PH 1635 . Cf. also Ml. 103 d 9 : cum totius gentis interitu, gl. connaconbeth ní du Israheldaib.

(b) of issue, consequence : ní bia bríg desium, Mon. Tall. 154. 11 . biaid olc de, LMU § 10 . regma amin cibed bias nde ZCP iv 46. 16 . ní bia debaid de, Ériu iv 108 st 69 . ised rombia de, ZCP vi 267 § 8 . TBC-LL¹ 1896 . PH 2647. 4745 . is eol dam a mbias de, Fianaig. 26. 7 . atá so de this results from it ZCP viii 317. 36 . cid bias din gai seo, RC iii 179. 28 ; 180. 4 f.b. inní dia fuil a marbad, Fianaig. 50. 19 ; v. XLV (a).

(c) of the origin or derivation of a name: atá di is named from. is de attáa Féna Forfid, Ardm. 18 a 1 . Colmán mac Duach diatá Cell meic Duach, Ériu i 44. 1 . conid de atá Cnoc in Banchuire, Acall. 2851 . isam mebrach inní dia fuil, 7305 . is díb atá Ferb in Trír, 7349 . inní dia raibe, 6451 . is desin atá, 7880 . Ériu iv 140. 8 .—Cf. conid desin atá in seanḟocul, RC xxiv 194 § 8 .

(d) makes a part of, belongs to, v. XXXIII (k).

(e) of the stuff or material, v. XXIX (b).

XXVIII The idiom attá di such is originally meant it follows, comes, results from (XXVII (b) supra), is because of . A similar usage occurs with do-ic: dothicfad dia nimut nách biath anóir forro = such would be their abundance that they would not be valued ZCP i 386. 10 ; and with rosaig: rossaig do binne a labartha conid, &c., TBith. 101 . —For the sense-development cf. especially: consternatus sum, gl. atá di thrummai na fochaide insin, Ml. 23 a 19 , which might be translated: this results from the heaviness of the tribulations. robói du méit a pecthae som combu uisse a nepeltu i nóinecht so great were their sins that...(orig. it followed from the greatness of their sins, &c.), Ml. 98 c 6 . robói du chensi Duaid conná rogaid do Dia dígail for Saul, ib. 55 d 4 . búi dá cosṁailes ná haithned nech fer seoch a chéile díb, CCath. 2051 . atá do gére theinedh ifrinn dá ndoirtidi fairgi an domain na chenn nách turnfadais aenraed dá thes, RC xxiv 381. 14 . atá do ṁét an ḟuachta atá and, ib. 17 , 20 , 24 , 26 , 28 , 30 . búi dia noemi coná rolámsat a marbad, PH 552 . —si sanctorum pedes lauauit, gl. marusbói di humaldóit, Wb. 28 d 29 . ni tha dia méit, 5 b 10 . ní rabæ di esamni Duaid co naipred, &c., Ml. 33 c 17 . attá di ṡeirc la laitnóri inna nGrec co seichetar cid a comroircniu, Sg. 1 a 2 . rosbúi do bríg they had such grace Snedg. u. Mac R 9. 2 . búi do méd a ratha such was his grace Ériu v 20. 6 . robói d'imarcraidh egla forro conná fededar..., CCath. 776 . robúi do méd do cinedaib roclói Poimp conice sin nárbo miad leis, &c., 275 . atá d'iomat maigeanta as díolarrdhacht maisdeadh such is the abundance of my intelligence ML 124. 5 . dobí d'ḟebas a ṁebra gacha cluinedh tiar is tair dobíodh aige do mebair, SG 108. 7 . bói d'ḟebus in fethme...co, &c. LB 156 b 28 . dobai d'ḟeabhus aimsire...go fuabradais fognamaig na fearann gan feidhm MR 102. 7 . dobí dá thinneasnaighe tháinic, SG 27. 28 . dobhí dá rothes, 22. 13 . búi dia luas som cu cengailtea a marcaig isna dillaitibh, ZCP i 382. 2 . atá dia sruthi ┐ dia huaisli na hesergi co mbátar..., PH 3424 . Acall. 3119 . In late Mid.-Ir. also with a personal subject: ní bíd dá bochta nech isin domun ná bá hécen dó a ícc, LB 132 b 7 , for Oir. †ní bí di bochtai neich, &c. no one is so poor. atá da faide fodhes iatsen (Stokes' emendation unjustified) ná faicet acht blogh bec don tṡechtar rét, CCath. 1583 . — di méit...feib as much...as: itá do mét dethiden ┐ gráda cáich díbsium feib oc araili, RC xxv 246 § 24 . Cf. XLVIII.

XXIX Indicating the material or substance of which anything is made or consists .

(a) between two substantives (for orig. gen.), connecting the material immediately with the thing, type: tob di humu a bronze trumpet Ml. 2 b 16 . críol di croccund róin a basket of sealskin Thes. ii 347. 33 . cros dit sailiu, ib. 249. 3 . mílech de ór, BDD § 1 . tuagmila di ór ┐ airget, ib. léine dei ṡítiu, ib. ecor de ór, ib. cúaich di ór, Anecd. iii 50. 20 . bruidni do dergór, 51. 2 . brat d'olaind Tíre Tarrṅgaire, Acall. 7268 . cimus do bánór, ib. léine do tṡroll ríg, 7415 ; do tṡída buide, 7660 . coróin do spínib PH 3296 . cros de ór, MacCarthy 38. 7 . ib. 38. 3 .—Competing with the gen.: amdabach do sciathaib, Acall. 6940 : amd. sciath, LU 65 a 6 . MR 142. 3 . én dergóir, MacCarthy 38. 8 ; cúaich óir, LL 22 b .

(b) attá di is made of, consists of: dá maelassa imma chosaib ┐ ní feas cia luib dia rabadar, Ériu iv 138. 28 . inar corccra...┐ ní fess cia luib dia robi, PH 2854 .

(c) after verbs signifying `to make, to shape, to produce, create; to be made,' &c. Lat. de aliquo fit aliquid; facere, componere, comparare, fabricari (aliquid de aliquo).

con-utaing builds up: amail cumtaiges inna curpu móra dena sílaib dereolaib ┐ dano amail rochumtaig na curpu dermara den dligud nemaicside ┐ den dligud nemchorptha, RC xxv 242. 10 . is sochma do Dia coro chumtaige cen adbar nó de adbar deróil cech nadmat bes áil dó, 242. 14 .—Cf. XXXVIII.

fo-ceirt: ár do chor dínni, Ml. 135 c 1 . rolauth ár dermar di cechtar in da leithi, LL 408 a 46 . ib. 404 b 24 .

cruthaigidir creates, shapes : rochruthaigfea in Comdiu cuipa na esérgi dind adbur toltanaigfes do, RC xxv 242. 7 . isé rochruthaig Adam do chriaid in talman, PH 2289 .

do-fuissim brings forth, creates : hé donrósat do nephní SR 7518 . má rothuismis na huli do nefni, PH 4796 . clanna cáine tusmiter di ḟorbbaib téchtaib, LL 293 b 40 . na dúli dia rotuismidea na cuirp sin, RC xxv 242. 13 . cuirp na ndáine...tusmiter dina sílaib dereolaib, 252 § 37 . LU 37 a 31 .

do-gní makes. (α) trans., type: mad fleteg dogneid dind œclis if ye make the church a banqueting-house Wb. 11 d 16 . dorigénsat in descipuil deu diib, 7 d 10 . ib. 2 a 10 . 4 d 1 . 8 c 9 , 11 . 9 d 4 . 13 a 21 . 17 b 29 . 24 d 11 . Ml. 26 c 2 . 27 d 2 . 51 b 8 . 69 c 7 . níbu machdath dorónta dia dind liac that a god should have been made of the stone Sg. 65 a 1 . ib. 9 a 18 . 26 b 5 . 27 a 13 . 35 b 13 . 41 b 4 . 63 a 9 . 63 a 17 . 66 a 22 , 28 . 70 b 4 . 100 a 11 . 125 a 6 . 149 a 2 . 187 b 6 . 188 a 22 . 197 b 7 . 209 b 10 . 216 a 1 . is di lus...dogníther in chorcur, Tur. 115 . din chloich dorigne saland, Hy. v 40 . Thes. ii 337. 27 . na dúili co ndernta do nemní, RC xxv 252 § 36 . déna bairgena dona clochaib se, PH 4797 . dogéna ór do indebar, 7276 . dorigne sroigill do ṡúainemaib, 4526 . cruithnecht don eorna, BColm. 102. 32 ; 104. 1 . MacCarthy 48. 7 , 11 . SG 251. 3 f.b. gadaigi dogní dimsa you make me out a thief Ériu v 234 l. 52 ; cf. PH 7600 . dorinni sé rí do Lingcus, RC x 181. 22 . doghéna Diabul cimidhi dona pecthachaibh, xxviii 318 § 36 . LB 212 a 5 . RC xii 428. 2 f.b. Ériu iv 134. 12 . PH 7656 . TSh. 32. 28 .—Here also dogní di = to do with, dispose of (like Lat. facere + abl.): an rochara dogné dímsa do with me as thou wishest RC xxiv 150. 31 . ZCP iv 43. 13 . apair cid dernais dind ornaisc, RC iv 43. 29 . déntur do thoil féin dímsa, ZCP vi 277. 12 . (β) impers., type: do-rinne ḟinnmagh d'iforn hell became a fair plain Ériu iv 114. 28 . ib. 116 st 20 . co nderna min ┐ luaith díb. Acall. 5585 6336 . 6340 . ib. 5619 . 5013 . 420 . 421 . 2395 . 3510 . doringne cuach cera dia gnúis, TBC-LL¹ 2602 . 6083 . SG 250. 18 . co nderna brioscbruar dona huile longaib, ib. 3 f.b. dorignedh uisce searbh da lionn, 28. 23 .—With ellipse of the verb: ní asse nóib di suidib not easy is it (to make) saints of them Wb. 3 d 28 .

suidigidir establishes : rosuidigestar æm óinchorp d'ilballaib, Wb. 12 a 30 .

im-folngai v. XXII supra.

XXX Indicating the place where action is originated and whence it extends while the originator remains fixed there; type: dobert maldachta foir di mulluch in tslébe he cursed him from the top of the mountain Ml. 58 c 4 . ex Sion...inde, gl. is dé ropridach ┐ is de atror int huile talam, 69 d 3 . luid hi telaig ┐ argart doib di suidi, 55 c 1 . fommchain...de dindgnaib doss it sings to me from the tops of bushes Thes. ii 290. 9 . di uertice fulget .i. din mulluch, Tur. 140 . Dia firién cluines mo dó nuaill de (v.l. do) nimiath néll who from the heaven-land of clouds hears my cries ACC § 5 . is dib (viz. from the thrones) beres in comdid a briathra fíriana for cech noen, PH 6239 . asbert Bricriu friu do lár in tigi from off the floor of the house FB § 26 . tarlaic aurchor do muin a mairc, Oss. i 3 . Also: gabtar ár neich dún ┐ indliter ár carpait co ndernam cathugud dar nechaib ┐ dar carptib indiu, TBC-LL¹ 3609 . Cf. debaid dechaib, s.v. debuith.

XXXI In some STANDING PHRASES in connection with a subst., adj. or pronoun.

demaig from without , q.v.

deṡiu: romsnáidhet d. ar demnoibh, Ériu iv 238. 8 .

fri...deṡiu on this side of: fri Alpai ndesiu, Sg. 217 b 8 . fri crích deṡiu on this side of the boundary, 217 b 12 . citra .i. centarach .i. frie deṡiu, ib. 71 b 2 .—Opp. to fri...anall.

dianechtir from without : Ml. 57 d 10 . 66 a 3 . 67 d 2 . 127 a 14 . 211 a 9 .

diandes from the south , Thurn. Hdb. 287 . Ml. 67 d 2 .

fri...denall from yonder side: fri sonnach adíu...fri sonnach denall, LU 23 b 19 .

denuas from above, de-super: d. dotiagar hisa tech, Thes. ii 292. 19 .

di bunud (from the root) from the beginning, originally: ná hadṁuigh si toirrchius na bainimpire óir ní let é do bhunadh, Sechrán 24 . Ériu iv 53. 10 . dar liom is urlabhradh daona sin agat...is duine mé do bhunadh, OCT 13.12-13 , 14 . Cf. iar mbunud, Acall. 7704 .

di cech aird from every side : abís in mara timchellas in talmain sin do cech aird, RC xxv 252 § 36 . FA § 6 , § 28 (LB).

di cech leith id., undique . immib di cach leith, Wb. 17 b 19 . dugairet arbar inna nnámat...impu di cech leith, Ml. 62 b 13 . 66 d 10 . in talmain impu di cach l., 51 d 3 . v. leth.

di cech thóib id. na héigmi doníthi umpu do cach thaib, Acall. 6782 .

di chéin from afar (a) of time. doarrchet d.c. nombiad adrad Dé la genti, Wb. 6 d 8 . is d.c. immunrordad, 20 d 10 . (b) of space: fasisidar di chéin Coinculainn, LU 71 a 34 . do neuch ditoet do chéin aidchi ndomnaig, Anecd. iii 21. 12 .

di chian from afar, of space: gan nech do thiachtain dochum ár longpuirt do chian ná dḟocus, Acall. 5474 .

di chianaib for long : robádar cethri cridiscél liomsæ de ch. I have long had four darling wishes Mon. Tall. 136. 20 .

di chiunn with a verb of motion = away . intan tét a laithe di chiunn cosnaib gnímaib, Ml. 21 c 3 . For other senses of di ch., v. 1 cenn.

din chur so (sin) this time, on this occasion, now , &c. Already Mon. Tall. 148. 14 (den ch. sin). don ch. sa, TTr. 1275 . LL 215 a 45 : dind ara chur.

di éis after ; but do might be older ( dom héis se, Wb. 29 d 9 ). retro .i. di ess, Ml. 2 c 1 ; dia é., 23 d 17 . 72 b 17 . dia né., 69 a 8 . 53 d 15 . diar néis, Sg. 195 a 2 .

di ḟocus, d'ḟocus from near : do chian ná d'ḟogus, Acall. 5474 .

di ḟót at once, suddenly : di fot .i. dinad nó di maighin .i. fochetoir, O'Dav. 754 .

dinad on the spot , v. di ḟót.

di leith: dind leith ailiu, Thes. ii 16. 40 ; 35. 32 .

di maigin on the spot : ó rob erdalta lais a ṁarbhadh do ṁaighin, Hugh Roe 102. 20 . O'Dav. 754 .

disin hence, then Ardm. 18 b 1 (twice); glossing Lat. unde Ml. 44 b 27 - 28 . Tur. 59 . Lat. hinc Ml. 48 c 1 . 104 a 3 . Lat. exinde 90 d 13 . Lat. proinde 108 d 3 .

B In the construction of certain verbs (and subst.) which might partly belong to the categories mentioned above.

XXXII aithnid, Mid.-Ir. aichnid, enjoins, commands : ná derb le maith ná le saith issed aithnius díot an Flaith, ZCP vii 301 §8 . tre forchongra in Tailgind do aichin dim dul ann, Acall. 7254 . mar daithin díobh gan where he commanded them not, &c., Keat. aithnes dia apstalaib, LU 35 a 31 . dá ḟeadhnachaib, ML 64. 22 . roaithniged díob, SG 54. 21 .— One would expect do (cf. Cog. 146. 16 ); di seems to have arisen in such phrases as do aithin dóib (díb) cen...do dénum.

buadaigidir is victorious, wins : nír bu lour leusom buaduguth dib with victory over them Ml. 33 c 13 . is missi buadaigfes de bar mac nDamáin, LL 82 a 38 . buadugud do Grécaib dona Troiandaib, TTr.² 180 . In Fél.² clxxii 11 , di seems original.—The same constr. occurs after búaid.

celebraid bids farewell : de Ḟiachraig, LL 51 a 17 f.b. díb, 276 b 4 . díib, Trip. 182. 18 . do: celebor dam, LU 73 b 8 . celebrais dó, LL 291 b 7 f.b. dóib, Trip. 198 . TFerbe § 16 Eg.; do seems original.

dethiden care , v. LII (c θ). essamnae fearlessness, confidence , v. ib.

lenaid adheres to, cleaves to, follows : lenit a pecthe dindí dobeir a ngrád, Wb. 29 a 23 . 5 c 16 . 10 a 5 . co lenamain dít, Ml. 101 b 1 . roleldar díb (i.e. axibus) 96 c 13 . rolil dím, 54 d 7 . lenaid din gutai thoisig, Sg. 9 b 17 . Thes. ii 310. 34 .—Thus also glenaid: glete de which stick to him Ml. 127 b 19 .—There is no support for the common supposition that di has here taken the place of do. The vn. díle .i. lenamain, Metr. Gl. 17 , also points to di as the original construction.

remcaissiu providence , remidéci provides for, v. LII (c θ).

C DI IN A PARTITIVE SENSE, often taking the place of the old genitive.—The partitive sense arose when di loosened its connection with the verb and became dependent on some neighbouring word denoting quantity. Compare the following instances where the sense of the original ablative is still apparent: assibsem imróol di rath in spirito we have drunk a great draught of (orig. from) the grace of the Spirit Wb. 12 a 17 . Ml. 94 c 12 . cach æn ibius ní din tobur, Acall. 6778 (cf. ité atoibet do thopur na deachta, PH 6238 ). gatar dam díb one of the oxen is stolen BColm. 56. 13 . ní foichred cnói díb for lár, LU 90 b 6 . cid focerdmais ní dé why should we cast away any of it? Cog. 96. 23 . dís testa do fichit eighteen AU ii 230. 15 . má dudesta ní dibar níris, Wb. 25 a 30 , &c.

XXXIII

(a) Preceded by a cardinal or ordinal number: óin di airchinchib Assiæ one of the leaders of A., Wb. 7 b 11 . óin dinaib aicsenaib inso, Ml. 62 a 22 . unus de cantatoribus, gl. dinaib cétlaidib, 61 d 5 . oen dinaib cestaib, Anecd. ii. 12. 1 . aen díb, ZCP viii 110. 30 . aen do chétt one out of a hundred BColm. 106. 11 . -mebdatar a nnói díib ZCP viii 313. 35 . míle dia náimtiu, PH 4048 - 4051 .

(b) preceded by a numeral subst.: mórḟeser dia muintir, Ardm. 18 a 1 . dias aile díb; dís dia muntir, PH 4427 . triar do chlannaib Baiscne, Acall. 7308 . morfesiur dia aes gráda, PH 980 . ochtur do Cháilti, Fianaig. 50. 1 . trí nonbair d'iarsma na Féinde, Acall. 7896 . trí .l. ban do mnáib T., 7822 . Cf. is óinfer gaibes búaid diib, Wb. 11 a 4 .

(c) preceded by a pronoun or pronominal word: alaile: alaaili diib...alaaili dano some of them Sg. 215 a 1 . for alailib diib, 208 b 9 . rel. a n-: ní áirmi a mbís iarna chúul dind séit, Wb. 24 a 17 . a mbís hóṡen suas dind eo, Thes. ii 255. 7 . a fúair do ṡaethar ┐ do ṡalchar, PH 7390 . ib. 7485 , 7646 . cách, cech: cách di suidib, Ml. 26 b 20 . cách diib, 114 c 15 . 137 c 2 . díb, 42 b 5 . 42 c 7 . díob, Mon. Tall. 132. 14 ; 133. 15 ; 136. 2 . cech diib, Ml. 72 b 27 . cachae, cechae: cach hae díib, Sg. 74 b 4 . cechae diib, Ml. 40 c 21 . 146 a 2 - 3 . cach ai dib, Thes. ii 330. 11 . cach oen, nach oen: fri cach noen din cenélu dóine, Cambr. 37 b . cech óin díib, Ml. 90 c 27 . dia chlaind, 133 a 10 . cach haen do mnáib, BDD § 3 . nach oen...de[m] muindtir, Mon. Tall. 129. 36 . cechtar de: Wb. 15 d 9 . 19 c 21 Ml. 17 d 12 . 39 b 2 . 31 b 3 b and 4 . 31 a 24 . 114 b 1 . Sg. 4 a 8 . 29 b 16 , 18 . 77 a 6 . 147 a 5 . 188 b 5 . nechtar de: Wb. 11 c 17 . 14 c 4 . Ml. 35 d 24 . Sg. 27 b 6 . 62 b 2 . 173 b 6 . 201 a 4 . cía de, Wb. 23 b 33 . Sg. 242 a 1 . c. dhib, ACL iii 5. 29 . RC xxiv 194. 1 . cia don dís, PH 3262 , 3273 . Acall. 7644 . cid: cid as maith di sunt, Wb. 12 d 12 . After é, sí, ed, often emphatically brought forward with the copula: ishe rochreti di muntir Cessair, Wb. 24 b 31 . ishé céetne fer cetaruchreti di áis Assiae, 7 b 11 . ithé ciaturuchreitset diib, 14 a 29 . issí mo sanserc sa di cleirchib, Mon. Tall. 150. 10 . sechi sí dia rígnaib, Ml. 65 d 8 . issed romarb don tṡlúag, RC iii 181. 36 . intí: intí nochreitfed diib, Wb. 5 a 20 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19 d 6 . 102 d 4 . Mon. Tall. 132. 24 . indní díob adgladmis, ib. 136. 29 . nech, neut. ní. nech: accaldam neich diib, Wb. 13 b 3 . nech di æcnib, 8 b 4 . 18 c 11 . 28 b 1 . 32 c 8 . nech dim chlaind, Ml. 23 d 6 . nech dinaib nóibaib, 51 a 16 . cen nech dimm æs dim chlaind, 23 d 9 . nech dia chloind RC xxiv 202. 12 . ní: fil ní de as fir, Wb. 11 d 2 . ib. 1 a 9 . 12 b 32 . ma dudrignius ní donaib remeperthib, Ml. 23 c 27 . ní din main, 97 d 10 . ib. 20 d 4 . 24 a 19 . 60 b 6 . 102 a 20 . du dánaigiud neich dúnni di (sc. a thrócaire), Ml. 96 a 8 . ithe neich di, 102 a 15 . ib. 105 b 7 . Sg. 147 b 3 .

(d) preceded by a substantive (or substantivally used adj.) denoting part or quantity . banne: b. dond lind, LL 208 a 46 . bec and its opposite mór: is bec di mór aní roinnisemar, RC xxvi 148 § 28 . is bec di mór chena aní sin, LU 17 b 32 . ní romill a bec din chasail, Trip. 58. 23 . ní beg dhe, O'Gr. Cat. 115 . a bheag ná a ṁuar de, Midnight court 520 . blog: dind ailig, Corm. s.v. gaire . don blonaicc IT iii 65. 8 . CCath. 1584 . iar mbloid don ló, Ériu v 116. 4 . boimm: b. don bargin, LB 49 b . PH 5141 . cethramthu a quarter: cecha cethramthan di (viz. nox), Ml. 95 d 8 . cuit: cuit cáich din rath diadu, Wb. 5 d 6 . cuid díb, Otia i 115. 6 . drécht: dreecht díib, Wb. 4 d 6 . 5 c 22 . i ndrécht dind hiriss, 11 d 2 . cachla drécht diib, Sg. 38 b 8 . drécht din aidchi, Rawl. 44 a 1 . Otia i 114 . d. mór dona longaib, TTr.² 1701 . dia muintir LU 65 a 37 . d. d'écsib, LL 161 a 5 . drong: drong dia míledu, PH 848 . d. dona Iudaidib, 2623 . d. díorma do ṁaithibh Dháil Chais, AFM iv 1064. 8 . leth: assin leath deiscertach de Ultaib, RC vi 174. 5 . indala leth dind rígthig FB § 15 . lucht: a roacairbe fri lucht aile díb, FA § 9 . mír: mír dind lucht, Thes. ii 339. 3 . rann: rán din deacht, Wb. 12 c 13 . rann diar forcitul, 14 c 15 . r. di sillaib, Sg. 59 b 9 . rann din obli, Thes. ii 255. 14 . pars de feoil, Mon. Tall. 132. 8 . rand de (sc. corp) RC xxv 242 § 14 . sochuide: s. diib, Wb. 8 a 17 . uathad: huathad ṅdóine do chretim diib, Wb. 4 d 4 . bid huathad creitfes diib, 4 d 5 .

(e) after words like ball, membur, tráth, lá, bliadain and the like, to denote the unity of which a part is expressed by the preceding word: is ball di Críst in fer, Wb. 22 c 9 . is ball dind fiur in ben, 22 c 9 . naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5 a 5 . óire nundem membur uili du Dea, Cambr. 37 c . Thes. ii 255. 15 . in naemad caibdel do lebar Matha, PH 7293 . 7304 . lomán dia brut a string of his cloak BColm. 92. 30 . in fichetmad lá do mís Márta, PH 2574 . ba hí in sesed uair do ló innsin, 2894 . isin nomad bliadain déc do ḟlaith Tibir, 2571 . etir dá thráth din ló, RC iii 184. 29 . re deirid don ló, Acall. 7696 .

(f) similarly after any substantive (or adj. used absolutely), denoting the class or category of which the preceding word forms a specimen. (α) type: duine (fer, ben, macc, rí, &c.) diib = one of them: sé maic leis. ní fárcaib mac díb claind, ZCP viii 291. 21 = nech díb, 292. 3 . trí slóig ...slóg díb, FA § 22 . ní fil diib mnái nachit charad, SCC § 6 . tuarustal uirrig diobh, ZCP viii 116. 33 .—Similarly duine (fer, &c.) di chét one of a hundred TSh. 55. 16 (d. do chéad). Cf. oen do chétt, BColm. 106. 11 . cech fer din cethrur so, Ml. 2 b 13 . (β) type: fer dia muintir a man of his household Wb. 33 a 2 . ib. 9 c 31 . cach fer di chlaind Latin, Sg. 33 a 13 . do cach cathrur di Románaib, 33 a 10 . 51 b 13 . 138 b 4 . (γ) type: aingel di ainglib nime one of heaven's angels Wb. 18 c 11 . ib. 12 d 40 . rann di rannaib in domain, Ml. 125 b 7 . ced laá di laib sechtmaine, Thes. ii 40. 31 . robrisiset cleith di clethaib ind rígthige, FB § 25 . fer d'ḟeraib Éirenn, SG 291. 25 . fer dina feraib, ib. §§ 61 , 91 . oenchainle dina cainlib sin, FA § 13 . mac dia maccaib PH 6614 . ball do ballaib, 7631 ; ib. 4825 . secht deich bliadna de bliadnaib, MacCarthy 192. 6 . Often emphatic.

(g) Very frequent with a comparative or superlative or word with the force of a superlative: carissimo filio, gl. dim daltib huilib, Wb. 29 d 3 . iunioris .i. di chlaind Iacob, Ml. 85 a 2 .

(α) di follows immediately after the comp. (sup.): anas ansam diib, Wb. 10 b 1 . in deil as choemem di dindgnaib Roerenn, Thes. ii 295. 3 . cia ben is mesa do mnáib, ZCP viii 113. 11 . in dá én ba háildem dib, SCC § 6 . fer as áldem di feraib Hérend, FB § 51 . in fer ba ṁó dḟeraib Éirenn, Acall. 7990 . in ingen ba sine díb, 7329 . in tóclach ba mó díb, 5064 . is cruthaige dferaib, 6988 ; ib. 7393 . 7819 . oenlaech...caeime do laechaib in domain, FDG 575 . in tænduine is ferr delb don Ádhamchloind, Acall. 7562 . in ba hindilldirghi dibrucud dona feraib ┐ in ba mó eiri dona trénmogaib, 7394 . dún ba dili lais dia dúinib, TE § 1 Eg. in dún fa nessa dóib dona trí dúintib, Acall. 7462 .

(β) type: in gaiscedach is ferr robói d'ḟeraib in domain, Acall. 6557 . in tarm is derscaidti bai dib, RC xxiv 196. 4 . triur is ferr lámach atá d'ḟeraib in domain, Acall. 6092 . in lín is lia robadais d'ḟéind riam, 7621 .

(γ) type: intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19 d 6 = intí bes t. díb. Cf. ní beth duine budh áille anás, Acall. 6020 . ní ḟuil don drong dænnachta nech is annsa limsa, 6434 .— After words equivalent to a sup.: prímgeinde do hireschaib, Wb. 4 b 9 . lennán dia claind, RC xxiv 176. 10 .

(h) di in partitive sense after a negative verb (esp. attá) = Fr. il n'y a pas de: nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip. 1814 . See cléithe. nísfil do pláig for bith nachusbera sin for cúlu RC xii 430 § 21 . go nach raibhe do chongnaṁ aige, ML 30. 15 . ní fail di nach dath ná beth forsin loch sin, LL 170 a 37 . cen co beth do thrénḟeraib and acht Fergus, Ériu iv 28. 15 . cen co beth do gaisciud and acht Conall, ib. 28. 20 . gin co beth d'ḟis ná d'ḟíreolus a nÉirinn acht..., Acall. 7887 . ní fuil d'feraib innti acht mathir sea, Acall. 5958 . ní fuil d'écsib Innsi Fáil fear imtha, Ériu iv 220. 9 . gonár fácbhadh do bhúaibh i nÉirinn so that no cows were left in Ireland, ib. i 89 § 36 .—Similarly in positive clauses after attá: i mbói di óinachdaib leu robeth for díb mílib ech, Ml. 43 d 1 .

(i) partly from the preceding usage and partly from the partitive usage in general arose the idiomatic use of di neoch din neoch, din cách (with or without díb) = cách, cach oen, nech.— fidbretha...muirbretha do neoch doruirmius, Laws i 182. 1 . is triasin forcongra sin atresat na huli dáini a bás .i. do neoch rosluic talam ┐ atuatar biasta, RC xxv 236. 2 = PH 3628 . fer rodíglastar Ultu for firu Hérend .i. do neoch díb romarbad, Ériu iv 28. 27 . bertís lægu riasin tráth arnabárach ┐ do neoch nobered loegu díb noscáiltis imma loegu TBC-LL¹ 1531 . cech dúil do neoch techtas bethaid all creatures who PH 4021 (partit.). morfesiur dia aes gráda do neoch ba díle lais díb, ib. 980 (part.). ragait attrebthaide Salamona etir aes ┐ áitid din neoch as tualaing gabáil gascid, TTr. 490 . ara clannaib...de neach file ┐ bias co dé ṁbrátha, LL 36 b 4 . connách bái dUltaib i mbethaib do neoch donarbo chotlud ná cuala, TBC-LL¹ 2962 ; —Here perhaps also Thes. ii 11. 36 ; Wb. 17 a 11 di neuch is governed by Lat. oboedientia. Neut. di neoch all that: imdéntar leis do neoch romilled dUltaib, TBC-LL¹ 1612 (di depending on imdéntar; but 1622 : imdénta latt an romilled dU.). essbuid cecha maithiusa do neoch fil eter neam ┐ talam, PH 4344 . Cf. also 2219 : coro díglum ár nancride fén fair do neoch forodámar ara dáig, where di depends on díglum.

(j) di partitively with the copula = one of, part of: is d'adbaraib chatha Chula Dremne sin that is one of the causes of RC xvii 142. 4 . bid dia phianaib a niffern na péisti sin fésin ic cocnam a ḟola it will be part (one) of his sufferings PH 7670 . bid diar scélaib, Snedg. u. Mac R 14. 7 . ba da bésaibh cach ní fa tibred lám da forba it was one of his customs to complete everything to which he put his hand CCath. 1178 . is do thimnaib rechta Moysi nemthomailt ḟeóla mucce, PH 6542 . is do bhuadhaibh an chopáin so an tan, &c., Oss. iii 226. 25 .—Here also Ériu vi 160. 2 f.b. : corub d'ingantaib láime Ciaráin an scél sin. Cf. XXVI above.

(k) di partitively with attá = forms part of, belongs to: ní di chorp atóosa hóre nímtha laám, Wb. 12 a 21 . ní nádmbed arse di chorp acht atá de, ib. 12 a 22 .

XXXIV Type ferr do laech a better warrior : isé ba ferr do laech, LL 150 a 37 . Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20 . am ferr do laech andái (sic leg.) RC ix 460. 4 ( ICM 1. 5 ). Modelled on the plural: †ité batar ferr di laechaib.

XXXV di . . . di, di . . . nó di, whether . . . or, be it . . . or, developed from the partitive sense of di: gibé noḟothraiccfedh innte (viz. isin dabaig) do chlannaib Fiachrach d'ḟior nó do mnái whether man or woman Anecd. iii 5. 3 f.b. (depend. on gibé). aonduine d'fir nó do mnái, ZCP viii 211. 20 . ar ná bí nach soer fri tairmthegd in domnaig di triun ná tróg whether strong or wretched Anecd. iii 25. 20 (depend. on nach). ní búi mílid...doná búi cara isin longphort sin da coibhnestu nó do cliaṁain nó da comdalta nó da fir aenchluichi isin Róim, CCath. 2431 sq. ní faicfed delb daena fair do chind ná do chois, RC xxvi 146. 3 . cidh bé conair isin domun do dodhaing nó do ṡodhaing be it hard or easy CCath. 639 . Not here PH 4285 . —Cf. do bicc nó (do) mór little or much PH 4140 . dḟír nó do gó, ZCP v 24 st 15 , v. L infra.

XXXVI GENETIVUS GENERIS: after a collective, quantitative or numeral word, di indicates the constituent units or substance. Competing with the genitive and sometimes not distinguishable from the gen. materiae (XXIX above) and partitivus.

(a) after a numeral word: a nói do móin a nói do min ┐ a nói do chaill, Thes. ii 298. 10 . míli dainglib, Acall. 7735 . trí cét míle do demnaib, 7770 . aon do ló one day ZCP v 495. 5 . viii 562. 10 . SG 23. 16 . Caithr. 150. 5 . aen doidche one night SG 60. 31 . Cf. araile doidche below. dias de fennedaib, LL 90 b 25 . céd do doirrsib, Snedg. u. Mac R 13. 19 .

(b) after pronouns and pronominal words: quaecunque fecerimus, .i. di sóinmechaib ┐ dóinmechaib, Wb. 4 b 5 . nihil, gl. di frithorcuin, Ml. 95 b 2 . Rel. a n-: (α) type: a ndorigeni Dia de maid the good that God had done Wb. 21 d 11 . 30 a 8 . Cf. Ml. 124 b 5 . a césme di cach imniad ┐ di cach guassacht in betho, Wb. 13 d 7 . (Cf. in rocésusa dimned, Anecd. iii 55. 18 = 56. 8 .) Ml. 127 a 2a . a nobid and de feol, Mon. Tall. 129. 25 . a tánic do noeblégund a tír, 136. 21 . a ndernnsat na senóraig do thoirrsi, Acall. 7909 . (β) a ndu imnedaib fodaimi what of afflictions thou sufferest Ml. 55 d 11 . araile: a. doidche, SG 12. 32 . Cf. oen di ló. cid: cid as imgabthi do dénum di ulc ┐ cid as déinti di maith, Ml. 51 b 10 . dim: deim de eot deim de formut, ACC § 105 . ed: ciped do phéin nó do fochraic dliges, RC xxv 240 § 13 . ceped dliges di phéin, 242 § 15 . ní, nanní, nech, inneoch. ní: ní di maith, Wb. 28 d 31 . 33 a 15 . ib. 13 a 12 . Ml. 15 d 9 . 23 c 20 . 36 d 10 . 63 c 5 . 68 d 14 . 93 a 20 (ní di máinib). 114 b 12 . 114 c 9 . 122 b 16 . 124 c 22 . ní di maith, Mon. Tall. 134. 17 ; 147. 30 . ní de min some meal, 157. 31 . ib. 137. 7 . nanní: slogait nanní do uisciu dodaic, Ml. 123 d 3 . 96 b 5 . 96 b 13 . nech di fáithib some prophet Ml. 93 a 5 . co millit in neoch bís do moltaib accaind, Acall. 7677 .

(c) after a collective term or quantitative word (subst. or adj. abs.) or the name of anything having component parts. aicme a tribe : Siracusii .i. aicmae di Graecaib, Sg. 106 a 7 . ib. 34 b 2 . airge a drove; a herd, a troop: airgi do buaib, Acall. 7602 . a. do bochtaib, AFM p. 824 . banne a drop : banna bec de usci, Mon. Tall. 150. 36 , 37 (but banni dond lind LL 208 a 46 partitively). bec a little : a mbecc sin dogníu di maith, Wb. 24 a 12 . a bec ndo síd and, Ml. 51 a 5 . bec ṅdi dechur, 72 c 9 . gan a becc ná a mor do chomraind, Acall. 5474 . boimm a bit : b. do arán, Lism. L. 2734 . breth choice of: do breith fén dór ┐ dairget, Eg. 1782, 30 a 1 . do breth féin do iath ┐ do ferann, Ériu v 150 l. 71 . ib. l. 62 . crithir a spark : c. do chuimne, TSh. 11. 13 . cutrumae an equivalent : a cutrume si do súg this much juice Mon. Tall. 150. 40 . dia enough : d. do cheart, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356. 1 . d. do phudhar, ib. 13 . do chin, 21 . drong a flock : drong dechaib, Acall. 6542 . d. da gach uile bethadhach, ZCP ii 270 § 205 . emid: emid di fiur so much of a man Sg. 66 a 6 . ere a burden : ere camaill de ór, PH 2011 . here do úir Rómae, BColm. 84. 9 . foróil super-abundance: f. dinaib anib, Wb. 16 c 22 . frass a shower : frass do nemannaib, BDD § 2 . Anecd. iii 50. 15 . gar: gar daimsir iarum a short while after PH 7199 . lán the full of: lán lainne a scéith di úir, RC iii 182. 6 . —Cf. XLIII. lín number : ara lín du chenélaib, Ml. 131 c 17 . lín do bochtaib, PH 6129 . loimm a sup: lom di midc, Mon. Tall. 136. 10 ; but lom nais, ib. 9 . lór sufficiency : ba lór do neim dó he had enough of venom Ériu iv 32. 2 . lór do chalmataid, ib. 28. 16 .—Cf. XLIII. méit quantity : méit di flescaib, Sg. 3 b 19 . cia méit...do biud, Thes. ii 335. 29 . cá mét do chloind, SG 250. 8 . méd do chinedaib...mét do degthoici, CCath. 275 . mór much : mór di maith, Wb. 11 a 20 . 4 d 10 . mór di genib, Thes. ii 322. 24 . a mmór de, Mon. Tall. 152. 22 . is mór do cheol dochualamar, Acall. 7212 . mór do tṡétaib ┐ dindmusaib, 5355 . ib. 7883 . Cf. mór nóir, mór nargait, Anecd. iii 55. 8 , the older expression. morán id.: m. do ṁíltib SG 9. 24 . ordu a morsel: dorat do Ísu ordu do bratán ḟonaithe, PH 6711 . ré space of time: re ré mor do bliadnaib, Acall. 5541. 7029 . riar as breth above: a réir do ṡétaib LU 133 a 40 . LL 375 b 38 . treimse id.: re treimse do bliadnaib, Acall. 5547 .

(d) after words denoting kind, sort, like, parallel, &c. a samail di ríg, SCC § 37. 8 . a samail di graig, 37. 6 . ní fuar do ṡét di márchlois, Liad. and Cuir. 16. 6 . MOD. ní ḟeaca riaṁ a ṡaṁailt sin do dhuine, W. K. a leithéid sin dechtrannaib, SG 260. 3 .

(e) after other substantives: ascaid de ór, PH 7057 . cró uimpi d'ḟeraibh, Ériu iv 112. 11 . fit mór de tuari anmín, Mon. Tall. 152. 18 . lóg di máinib inna nEgiptacde, Ml. 84 c 12 .

(f) frequent with comparatives denoting quantity: quod minus habuistis .i. di rath nó di forcitul, Wb. 18 a 8 . uilliu ...di fochaid, Ml. 54 b 30 . ní bia di mútaib bes huilliu, Sg. 7 a 1 . lugu di mirbuil, RC xxv 252 § 36 . lugu do chinaid, PH 5166 . móo do peccad, 5259 . ZCP viii 111. 9 . MOD. níos mó do ṁaith, &c.—After lia di occasionally has the sense of Abl. respectus: cipsa lia do randaib nocha lia do naeṁaib, Ériu iv 224. 2 . lia do maccaib na rígna do degamsaib, ib. 94. 1 .

(g) buan dolcc a lasting evil RC x 226 § 179 . cinnte do chendaigib certain merchants LB 115 a .

(h) after words like dabach, soithech and the like, di denotes the contents of the vessel: dá dabaigh décc do lionn maith, ZCP viii 116. 1 . baiglend do midh soóla a can of delicious mead Acall. 7421 .

D DI OF MEDIUM, CAUSE, MANNER, TIME & MEASURE in the senses of the original instrumental; in old texts the latter is occasionally still preserved: isé nobenfad a crand oenbémim di bun, LU 58 b 21 . iarna foebraib fennad, Fél. Prol. 48 .

XXXVII Di introduces the tool or instrument by means of which something is done, after trans. verbs denoting:

(a) to make or to do , dogní, conutaing: is do rinn scine doníther, Corm. Tr. 145 . in loech órda cumdaiged do lámaib, PH 2830 . in gái dia ndernais in gním namra, RC v 203 § 26 . don chaladcholg is dom gó díob dorignes in gleo, SG 252. 11 . dodhein teine de chipíní, Gadelica 88. 41 .

(b) to seize , gabaid: rogab din láim aile in seig, SG 391. 16 .

(c) to beat, strike, ply upon, scourge , and the like, benaid, buailid, dobeir builli, dounsi béim, gabaid, dofuairc, &c.: cote in rinnd dia ruba uitam omnis hominis, Wb. 13 d 25 . béim dind echḟleisc, SCC § 8 . dobennaissiu hé di ḟleisc, Trip. 224. 16 . dobeir M. béim do biail, RC xiii 30. 10 . dounsi Cuculainn béim da biail do, FB § 77 . dounsi C. béim din chlaidiub, ib. § 57 .— tuc buille dó do chrann na sleige, Acall. 6721. 6731 . don chonṡlaitt, PH 856 . gabaid goi...dorat buille de i toeb Ísu, 3358 . buille do laigin, 2874 . cét mboaille fort láim dé abaind, Mon. Tall. 142. 10 . bualad do chloidheaṁ, Ériu i 102 § 63 . búailset dia mbassaib, PH 117 . 2143 . do ṡlaitt, 135 .— doriacht fer co claideb...┐ dorat dara brágait don apstal de, 2151 .— co ngébad do chlaidim air féin, Acall. 7495 . rogab cách díb da claidmib a cend araile, 6261 . PH 3299 . — is díbside sraiglit, FA § 16 . — rotúaircset a nochta da ndornaibh, CCath. 1082 . túaircset do flescaib ┐ do sonnaib, PH 2143. 8313 .

(d) to cut, shear, clip , tescad, berrad, gerrad, selgad: arna dteasgad d'armaib an chatha, Ériu i 91 § 41 . is cumma imthescad dá sciath ┐ dá sleig ┐ dá chlaideb, LU 79 b 14 . deimes dia mberrtha, SG 411. 12 . gerraid sí... dia fiaclaib, PH 7661 . consealgad glasgég darach dia corrán, RC xxiv 196. 18 .

(e) to break, to injure : dobrisfinn thfiacla dom dorn, RC xix 144 § 120 . dobacaighedh mac Con la Coirpre don rindcne .i. do sleigh Ailella, RC xvii 11. 2 .

(f) to wound, to kill : gonaid, créchtnaigidir, ardíben, marbaid: cor ghonsat toeb na himagine de (sc. in gae) PH 142 . gaet do ṡleig Deirg, Acall. 1104. 1745 . in gai dia gcréchtnaigther, CCath. 3669 . ardibiba sluaga dia lúaignib, SG 254. 29 . d'iarann ní marbthar, Fen. 68 . Acall. 3236 . SG 391. 32 (di chloich). a nguin d'armaib límtha SG 42. 15 . Cf. marbhas d'urchar sleige í, ML 32. 13 ; Acall. 6947 . 6950 . 7065 .

(g) to throw, fling : doléici, dobeir urchor, foceirt, dobidc, &c.: dambidc Semei di chlochaib, Ml. 58 c 4 . rodíubraic rónurchair de (viz. lia cloiche), Acall. 4802 . dobered urchair di, Acall. 5797. 5810 . Oss. ii 2 . tolléci aurchor de, FB §§ 82 , 87 . focheird rout nurchair din liathróit, TBC-LL¹ 1024 . — Cf. for frestal a námat do clochaib, CCath. 1873 .

(h) to drive, drive away, expel : bruidni dia taircellad a eochu, Anecd. iii 51. 3 . bocṡlaitt dia nescartad conu PH 851 . dorigne sroigill...┐ rosindarb di na slóig, 4526 .

(i) to destroy : toghail in múir do reithibh toghla, CCath. 1883 .

(j) to bind : rochengail hé do línscoit, PH 2916 .

(k) to write : in chathach roscríb dia láim féin, Fen. 167 . scríbtha do láim, PH 4769 . gur thoit eite cuige conadh de sin roscríbh in leabhar, SG 23. 21 .

(l) to shut : dúnaid comlaid a thaige de baccánaib íarnaide, RC vii 296 l. 116 .

(m) isé doratt tí dia bachaill he made a circle with his staff BColm. 52. 23 .

XXXVIII With a wider application introducing the means or instrumentality; transl. the Lat. inruptione (abl.), gl. di maidm, Ml. 85 c 6 . ceilid conceals : náchar étir le do cheilt do bréthir ná do gním ná do chomartha, RC xix 166. 3 . buadrid disturbs : búaidrim port parrghais do neim an imarbais, Ériu iv 114. 12 . buadertha in táth dia chacc LU 74 a 24 . dogní makes, does : mina déna maith díb... mina déna toil Dé díb (sc. na hindmasa) PH 4110 . lessaigid aids, heals : in lín do bochtaib conicfatís do lessugud do indmusaib, PH 6129 . lassaid illuminates : isiatt so na lóchranna da lasfatt Laighin, ZCP viii 110. 16 . insorchaigid id.: roionsorchaigh iarthur Eórpa do ṡoillsi soalach, ZCP v 496. 6 . loscaid burns : mo loscud do chrithrib, TFerbe 610 . loscud do thenid, PH 7428 . conutaing adorns : conrotacht in grianán sin do imdénmaib sainamraib, FB § 3 . conrottacht in timdorn féssin dór , TTr. 1548 . bethugad support oneself by: a b. dá allus féin with his own sweat SG 41. 28 . broenaid: dia rath ronbróina Brigit may B. let her grace rain on us Thes. ii 326. 6 .—Not uncommon in Figura Etymologica: mad ferr cotobsechfider di chosscc alailiu, Wb. 9 a 23 .—Like Lat. per introducing the intermediate agent: is dítsa tarras sin uile through thee Acall. 5986 . teora mná torrcha di hUltaib do mnáib na nDéisi, Ériu iii 141. 219 . di chumachtu by means of, by the power of: cia tír ass asam lat do thabairt dúinne dit chumachta, ZCP viii 318. 34 . cia clérech dá fil muilenn cerr do ch. a mírbuile, BColm. 102. 23 . di chomairgi through the protection of: terno do chomairci an naeim each ríg Lifi, BColm. 90. 10 . de and desin thereby, by means of that, deside id., desen, Thes. ii 335. 37 , see PH 629 b .

XXXIX After verbs of vanquishing, gaining victory, triumphing, excelling, &c., di introduces the domain within which victory is gained: aonlaoch bérus barr ormsa do rith ná do chomrac ná do chorraigecht, SG 290. 12 .

XL After the intrans. verbs dotuit and docer, di introduces the tool or weapon; the agent is usually introduced by la. craet dofæth don gai seo a maccu. dofaeth rí din gai sin, RC iii 178. 22 . dofaethsat din gai roléici, 180. 39 . ib. 38 . dofaoth Fraoch darmaib Eochaid, ML 124. 12 . dona harmaib sin, Acall. 7029 . 6885 (di ṡleig).—dorochair de (viz. din gai) RC iii 129. 31 . Also followed by béim, lám and the like: gur thuit N. do béimeannuib ṁic Mórna ML 18. 25 . dofaeth in corp den snaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . co torchair do bíc (= bidc) aenuaire, BB 49 a 23 . tuitfid dá láim, ML 58. 1 . di láim M. docer Daire, LL 48 b 25 . MacCarthy 192. 4 .

XLI After verbs of buying di introduces the price: manisdeirclimmis di thorud ár láam, Wb. 26 b 16 . dorúaicled do lóg ḟola Críst, PH 3242 . oenfiach adrenar nde, Anecd. iii 22. 21 . ceinnechut sa fín lógmar díb, LB 139 a 51 . rochennaigset don argut sin ferann, PH 3235 . dochennaig sé ┐ nách dór nó dargat acht dia ḟuil féin ┐ dia ḟeoil, 7513 .

XLII In the construction of arbeir biuth he uses, consumes , competing with the genitive: airbert biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10 d 14 . as di sunt arbeir biuth, Ml. 60 b 11 . intan airbir bith in scriptúir do deismirecht asna salmaib, Ir. Ps. 128 .

XLIII After verbs, substantives, and adjectives of filling, satiating, smearing and the like, where di has taken the place of the original instr. or gen. línaid: ronlín di rath in spirto, Wb. 20 d 11 . líntar lán di fín, 11 b 13 . a llínad di atrub ┐ dóinib, Ml. 133 c 11 . CCath. 1920 (forlínaid). cor lín in grian da soillsi in doman, Acall. 5442 . líntar lestar de, PH 6362 . ib. 2507 . líonta dairc, TSh. 38 . 14 . líon mála de ghainiṁ na trágha, Gadelica 88. 26 . lán: inna mmaige robtar lána di Assaraib, Ml. 40 b 7 . ib. 36 b 3 . 40 b 7 . 104 d 3 . Sg. 59 b 18 . it bois láin di uisciu, Thes. ii 249. 10 . ib. 320. 26 . ScM. § 1 . FB § 67 . ba llán in tír di suigibh, Anecd. iii 49. 9 . at lána dímsa, PH 3405 . ib. 2016 . 2113 . 7177 . Subst. loingṡithel ┐ a lán duisci inti, Acall. 7149 ; cf. XXXVI (c). foslig smears : lase foruillechta béoil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7 d 9 . foselgatar a bráthir a tunig som do fuil, Tur. 128 . focertar i nim ┐ fuslegar de imman delg, Thes. ii 248. 7 . sáithech satiated, satisfied , sásaid satiates : ba sáthech in cú de, Hy. v 28 . beit sáithig de na braineoin, Lec. 440 b 9 . na hindmassa doratait dúinn...do sásad bocht díb, PH 6122 . lour: lór di chath, SCC § 36 . PH p. 787 a ; cf. XXXVI (c). riar supplying wants: a muinntir do riar don ṁin cheadna, TSh. 137. 10 . Cf. also frisailethar serves, attends : rofreslad co maith do cach ní, Acall. 6845 .

XLIV DI OF MANNER—the sense of means passing into that of attendant circumstances. The old instr. is occasionally preserved: dotaet bidc, FDG 37 (YBL). atchuadatar briathraib bíthib, SR 5814 . —doghabhasdair aga ccaoineadh do chneadhaibh ┐ d'éighṁibh ┐ d'osnadhaibh ML 108. 14 . gabuis in rígmílid uirri do brathbuillib móraibsecha co torchair leis, SG 251. 4 f.b. laibheoraidh an cluigín do ghuth ṡolusbhinn, ib. 2. 33 . dolabhair do briathraibh gruama, 12. 23 . adubairt Serlus do briathraib imcainte, RC xix 18 § 6 . adubairt do guth mór, ib. 18 § 4 . adubhairt d'ḟoclaibh dána, Midnight court 61 . rolabhuir an colam fris do glór dhaona, Ériu iv 53. 31 . raluidin se de marcaib I used to ride on steeds Ériu i 72. 20 . dothuit ar talaṁ do tháimnéll báis she fell to the ground in a dead faint RC xix 162 § 151 (ambiguous). di léimim with a leap: dotiag dia léimim inna carptib, LU 63 b 5 . TBC-LL¹ 738 Y. téid san uaṁaigh do léim, Ériu i 30. 239 . di bidc id.: dotaed do bheidhg asin imdaig, FDG 37 B.K. (dotœd bidg YBL). In a similar way arose a great number of standing phrases, cf. di chois, dech, di ḟorcraid, doenguth, doenbreith, doeninntinn.

XLV DI OF CAUSE, REASON OR MOTIVE—This sense was developed partly from the sense of `means' and partly from that of starting-point or origin (XXII above). Cf. such a phrase as: is de tháinic a thiugbás originated from i.e. was caused by Acall. 2584 .

(a) from, by, in consequence of, according to, in various usages: si enim mente excedimus, Deo, gl. .i. caritate .i. di imradud Dæ, Wb. 15 d 7 . Ml. 99 a 9 . Sg. 50 a 3 . di chor cruinn dacer dul issa muir de ligno sortis in mare missus Tur. 131 . cia adbar dia cess in bith, SR 7866 . ropo liath in mag sin dia ninchinnib, RC iii 177. 33 . ba brecc do imdornchoraib na claideb, Ériu iv 26. 26 . corbo chlárḟind...don tṡnechtu, TBC-LL¹ 1706 . ní bia blicht ac buar ...don bás hísin in consequence of ZCP viii 111. 23 . ní bí acht trí duirn in cach duine díb ┐ is bláith inócclach iat da méte féin according to their size (Stokes) ZCP ii 260 § 186 . fordorchae soillsi in lae don tṡaighnén (means and cause at the same time), CCath. 373 . de therefore, for that reason, consequently : Thes. i 5. 29 . ii 253. 8 . is de tra doforgill som, Mon. Tall. 140. 17 ; 144. 25 . is de forácaib Fiacha Connla ina tír, ZCP viii 314. 16 . betis colla de can chend, Ériu i 130. 39 . RC xii 88§97 . ZCP viii 115. 4 . Denoting consequence: torchis Eocho do chinn a chéli co mbreth Colla de, ZCP viii 319. 29 . bia torrach uaimsea ┐ béra mac de, BDD §7 .—Often in poetry in a vague sense, esp. at the end of a line to suit the metre. Frequent after comparatives corresponding to Lat. eo, Goth. þe, Eng. the; v. 5 de. desin id. bái imchosnum ┐ tnúth mór eter B. ┐ F. desin, RC xxiv 180. 10 . dochuaid doigh éada a nAoife dhesin, OCL 6. 7 . is demin desin conid náma Dé intí ná cretend, PH 2264 . coná fétait desin na popuil fognam, 4233 , 568 . &c., v. PH p. 629 b . TSh. 20. 22 . deside id.: conid córa deside marb do rád frisin pecthach, PH 4811 . diṡuidiu, disuidi, didiu, v. didiu. dindí for that, because, since , cf. airindí: dindí nád rochoilset ind Assair tempul, Ml. 48 d 28 . inde est quod...i. dindí as nansae ┐ as línmar a cenél sin condaarthróithad Dia, 104 a 6 . itaque .i. dindí atacomla, Sg. 161 b 10 . ib. 197 a 15 , 16 , syn. with fobíth. cid dia n- why , cf. cid ara n-, cid frissa n-; may contain either di or do according to the verb that follows. cid dia léicid cundubairt for drécht úaib..., Wb. 13 b 12 . cid dia nepir som aní sin, 19 d 11 . is súaichnid cid dia ndechuith, 16 c 7 . cid dia téige uann RC x 66. 10 . cid dia rotdíchlis ḟormsa, LL 289 b 33 , cf. SG 61. 38 ; but Ml. 35 b 24 (ind fochuinn dia ragbhtha .i. dia sóirad) contains di in the sense of ` of, about, concerning .' aní dia fil the cause of: inní da fuil a marbad, Fianaig. 56. 19 , v. XXVII (b).

(b) in the construction of several verbs, subst., and adjectives, denoting:

(α) to die of, to be sick with: atbail, atbath, caillter, téit éc, is marb, galrach and the like. atbail: mani eple de, Sg. 181 a 5 . dafuabair galar...atbail de, SCC § 4 . in dig tonnaid dia nerbalt, LMU 17. 32 . co nerbailt do bidg oenúaire, LL 25 a 39 . atbélam di ḟuacht ┐ gortai, MacCarthy 62. 8 f.b. de galar olc, ib. 158. 8 . atbath: conid de atbathatar, Thes. ii 298. 18 . dend áine sin, Mon. Tall. 156. 5 . dia guin, RC xxiv 184. 15 . do mallchríne, MacCarthy 144. 2 . do thám thrait, ib. 142 st 3 . do galar, BColm. 106. 4 . conbeba dot breith, LL 147 a 6 . caillter: ní caillfear den ocras tu, Gadelica 90. 37 . éc: éc a máthar dia breith ZCP viii 303. 31 . dochóid N. éc de thám, MacCarthy 146. 3 . a éag do chuṁaid a ṁná, Ériu i 24 l. 115 . tatham: rothathaiṁ C. do bheadhg aonúaire, AFM 308. 4 f.b. marb: marb in ben dot breith, LL 147 a . do bidc oenúaire, SR 7170 . de thám, MacCarthy 150. 15 . do galar, ZCP viii 120. 4 . do dásacht, TFrag. 164. 2 . do chumaid a mná, RC xiii 11. 7 . de, PH 3844 . The opposite is beo de, Wb. 10 b 27 . galar: amal as már a galar de, Ml. 40 b 9 .

(β) to reprimand for, take vengeance for: is cúrsagad rondcúrsagusa di chomitecht, Wb. 19 a 6 . oc toibeim for Laegairi don badbscél, FB § 70 . cairigid: cairigius a menma Ailill don gním sin, TE § 6 LU. Competing with imm. díglaid: coro díglum ár nancride fair do neoch forodámar ara dáig, PH 2219 , v. XXXIII (i).

(γ) to beat one for sth.: céd mbémenda fort láma...da cach uabar dogensat, Ériu i 201. 6 .

(δ) to do penance for: issí a pennit de, Wb. 26 b 20 . du aithrigi dia pecthaib, Thes. ii 253. 6 . ní hécen aithrigi disuidiu, Mon. Tall. 142. 2 . co ṅdénsat aithrigi don chul doronsat PH 993 . aithrige don ulc roimraid, 5134 . ib. 1208 .

(ε) to complain of: fodord dóib di dommatu, Ml. 97 d 10 . murmurare de inopia .i. din dommataid, 97 d 11 . de male potentibus querela, gl. denaib míchumachtgib, 29 a 9 .

(ζ) to be or become angry for: rofergaiged Ailill de, LL 27 b 1 . rofergaigestar fri Patraic do marbud in druad, Anecd. iii 36 . iarna dechrad d'íttaid, LL 75 b 25 . gabaid feirg desin, PH 981 . ib. 855 . Competing with imm.

(η) to be proud of, to boast of: rosgab huall dí imbud a soinmiche, Ml. 57 c 13 . connách gabad huall de, Ml. 69 a 17 . is deidbir móidem di suidib, Wb. 17 d 19 (a rare construction). is diumdach Gúaire díot, SG 53. 13 .

(θ) to be envious or jealous of: nongaib format friu dia sóinmichi, Ml. 43 a 14 . nád robae étugud Dæ desom, 32 d 10 .

(ι) to be thankful for: attlugud boide do Dia dibar nícc, Wb. 27 c 2 . di cach maith, 27 a 7 . dia sóirad, Ml. 117 b 7 .gratus...de præstitis, gl. dinaib remfoiridib, Ml. 72 c 3 . gratus...de recentibus præstitis, gl. dinaib remfoiredib nuib .i. dinaib degnímaib, 75 a 12 . budig desen, Thes. ii 343. 32 . dín bat budig brain, LU 119 a 33 . buidech dib, ACL iii 6. 1 . Midnight court 898 . diambtis budig d'oenbairgin, Ériu i 132. 72 . SG 19. 6 ; 54. 32 (bud buide Guaire díot). BB 498 a 15 (di toirtib in talmun).

(κ) sad, mournful, tired, weary and the opposite: arnápat toirsich dim chuimregaib se, Wb. 26 d 21 . 27 a 34 . toirsich de, Trip. 84. 19 . brónach: is de ní beth brónaig, Fél. Prol. 188 . b. de díth a coiceli, ZCP iii 248 § 63 . desin, PH 911 . doguilse: d. di neuch adbaill ┐ di neuch nád etar ┐ di neuch bís la nech, Wb. 16 b 11 . co cáined in doman do bás Mártain amal noḟáiltniged dia bethaid, RC ii 400 § 38 . de quibus oportuerat me gaudere .i. díibsi, Wb. 14 d 9 .

(λ) thirst from: bátar i nítaid...dend ḟulacht they were athirst from the cooked food RC xxiv 196. 11 .

(μ) intoxicated : atbertis conid for mesca do nua fína robátar na hapstail, PH 5394 .

(ν) weak from: súili tláithi do déraib, Ériu i 138. 6 .

(ξ) Here also arcessi commiserates, has compassion on (orig. is sorry for): air arrocheis side di bochtai cháich, Ml. 61 a 9 . airchissis de, LU 78 a 15 . roairchis dind Críst, Snedg. u. Mac R 9. 9 . dib, 11. 17 . dííb, PH 4961 . dimm, 1301 . dínn 2204 . 4412 . airchis co luath díomsa, SG 393. 2 . Occasionally also do: a. daib (3 pl.) PH 1009 . arcessi do neoch, Wb. 4 c 19 .—Cf. airchissech di cech duine, Rawl. 40 a . menma airchisechtach di cach duine, 3 B 23, 27 a 1 .

XLVI DI OF MEASURE WITH COMPARATIVES corresponding to Oir. i n-: dob áirdi do dhá throigh Admirandus A. was taller by two feet RC xix 368 § 235 . as má Mars do bheagán ná oiread go leith na talman paulo maior Gadelica ii 106. 5 . For -de after comparatives v. XLV (a).

XLVII DI IN THE SENSE OF GEN. or ABL. QUALIT.: in corp do rogili ┐ in folt do roáilli ┐ in agaid do chumtachta ┐ in tṡúil do roglaissi, ZCP iv 40. 13 sq. issiat ubla is millsi amuigh do chubra innsi Áduim of the fragrance of Adam's Isle Ériu iv 114. 4 .

XLVIII (Possibly a subdivision of XXVIII) DI is the preposition in idiomatic impersonal phrases of the type: attá d'ḟebas na síne the weather is good: is fossad do chéim glan glé cia beith d'ḟeabus na síne, TE § 9. 6 Eg. má beth tra do húaite ind aessa gráid lasna tuatha cia beit trí hecailsi for cubus cech ḟir gráid, Ériu i 220 § 13 . má beth tra do úaisle ind ḟ.r gráid ┐ a airmidin dofórmagar a dligid, ib. § 15 . Here also Ériu iv 142 § 19 : cia bar lín se...ní fil ém diar núaiti we are not few; and PH 3964 : bói dia óite in inbaid he was a young man at that time.

XLIX DI OF TIME: for, during : do thríb cethorchaib aidchi ammain for usciu ┐ bargin, Mon. Tall. 136. 7 . di lau: luid tria hecosc a ṡenathar do Themuir di lau sobais on a prosperous day ZCP viii 311. 18 . do ló in ḟuigill on the day of judgment FA § 6 LB. di lau is d'adaig by day and night: do ló ná d'áidchi, Acall. 6118 . do ló ┐ d'aiche, Lib. Flav. ii 25 a 2. 22 . pl. do láib is d'aidchib, Ériu iv 106. 14 . d'adaig at night , q.v. disin unde, hinc, exinde, proinde, v. XXXI. di chéin from afar , v. XXXI. di chianaib, ib.

L DI FORMING ADVERBS from adjectives. Cf. Lat. de improviso, de novo, de integro, de cetero, de subito (Plaut., Lucilius), Lat. de repente (Plaut.). di léir diligently : guidid Dia di léir, Ml. 68 a 15 . geib do mámb do léir (v.l. co lléir), ACL iii 313. 2 . robói Fergus féin isin gliaid sin ┐ atát a scéla do léir aige, ib. 5. 7 . di glé clearly, openly : ní éicsem huile do glé cid fri saegul sechtmaine, Rawl. 88 b 26 . di gnáth usually, always : is grema duit nách é Tadhg do choṁarsa garcc do gnáth, ZCP viii 223 st 23 . do ghnáth. Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380. 12 . AFM 2256. 3 . As to do gréss cf. LI. di biuc a little, di mór much : dia nellad do bicc' nó mór ón ḟuigell ḟírén, PH 4140 . do biuc ZCP viii 217. 17 . do lomm, Midnight court 391 . Cf. XXXV above. do ṡír always = co sír, TSh. 5. 5 ; 12. 25 ; 21. 26 . dḟan sé a bhfochair a athar do ṡíor, TSh. tearcól do ṡ. aca, ib.; ised bís mo smacht do ṡír, Hib. Min. 82.12 . v. sír. Here also dano, if it is from di nuu = Lat. de novo, denuo. Cf. also dáirithe.

LI PHRASES, belonging to E in various senses.

di ág, dág, dáig, dágain, dáigin; dég, d'ḟech, d'éigin for the sake of, because of: dígal...dég ár pectha, Ml. 88 a 4 . d'fech, Ardm. 17 b 1 . bid dibar nág si ronbia ni corona, Wb. 25 a 3 . di ág mná .i. di ág Medba, ZCP viii 305. 20 . di ág aige Aingine, RC x 224. 166 . v. dáig, &c.

d'áis with the consent of, of free will : go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'éiccen until they should rescue the Earl by consent or violence AFM vi 2172. 25 . tré chloinn Eogain 'sní dá nais but not with their consent R.I.A. 23 G 24 p. 250 .

di breith, do b. according to the judgment : do b. rechta PH 2810 . do b. a anmcharat, ib. 7615 . See breth.

di bríg because of: de bhrígh nách bhfuil spioraid Chríost aca, De Imit. 1. 16 . do bhrígh ó bheith na pheacthach dhó, TSh. 62. 1 . dá bhrígh sin for that reason, TSh. and mod.

do chet with the permission of, opp. cen chet: adubhairt nách geabhdaois suirghe ón dias sin oile acht do chead a nathar, ML 12. 25 . do chead Dé, SG 16. 35 . do ched a nathar, AFM v 1686. 24 .

di chiunn, do chiunn away , after a verb of motion: intan tét a laithe di chiunn, Ml. 21 c 3 . for the sake of, on behalf of, &c. de chind, LU 82 b 18 .

di choiss on foot : is dia chois a mbúi, Hib. Min. 70. 15 . immathéged cách dia chuis, LU 40 a 12 . dariachtatar na noecharptig...┐ in triar de choiss maroen riu...┐ nira luathiu na noecharptig anda in triar de choiss, LL 101 b 32 = TBC-LL¹ 5876 . do choiss, BB 487 b 5 . ib. 7 a 34 . conadh airi sin nách togluasinn laech do ch. ná dheoch, ZCP i 394. 13 . Cf. di thraig below.

di chumaid from sorrow LL 11 a 29 . 23 a 50 , b 38 . SR 6923 . See XLV (b α).

di dáig because of. See dáig.

di deoin by the will of: atbath rí de deoin Dé, LL 133 a 22 . dia deoin of his own accord LL 16 b 7 . PH 2361 sq. dia nd., LL 193 a 46 . dom d., Fianaig. 62. 12 . ZCP viii 223. 30 . v. 1 deóin, aindeóin.

d'écin by force : d'áis nó d'éiccen, v. dáis supra.

d'eoch on horseback : do chois nó dh'eoch, ZCP i 394. 13 . Synonym for eoch, TFrag. 204. 15 .

dom dóig on my own account : doscríbus sin dom doig Mon. Tall. 154. 26 .

di druimm by means of, in virtue of, on the score of: de dh. dinntleachta, De Imit. 4. 1 . do dh. chennaig, AFM vi 2076. 5 . na ccreach, ib. v 1338. 4 f.b. de dhruim díchill ┐ díoghraise, TSh. 225. 3 (N.E.). Often only a strengthened di, v. druim(m).

di eclai for fear : d'eagla go ndiongnadh biataigh dhíobh ML 118. 17 . ná hinnis aní bu mian leat do dénam d'egla muna, &c., Ériu iv 126 § 4 .

d'ḟebas on account of the goodness or excellence of: tét do saigid Chuipit dia febus a ṡeirce sium ó gentib, Aen. 384 . d'feabas a delba, FDG 458 . tabair di siud iad d'febas. a huirchill, SG 297. 6 .

d'ḟech v. di ág supra.

d'ḟeirc in anger : dodechad...d'ḟeirg riut dot romad TBC-LL¹ 3421 .

dia ḟír in truth LL 192 a 36 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 49. 39 ).

di ḟochonn in consequence of: di ḟ. a ferge a ttothfund for fairge, Todd Nenn. 132. 51 .

di ḟorcraid, di imḟorcraid, d'imarcraid abundantly, extra, in excess : atá leusom di forcrid a ndudesta airibsi, Wb. 14 a 33 . conná ternó ní dona .u. gaiscedaib déc nobítís di imforcraid hi tegluch Chonchobair, LU 61 a 13 f.b. ; cf. PH p. 758 a , and see immarcraid, immḟorcraid, immarcaid.

d'ḟorniurt through the oppression or tyranny of: fearg oirne ┐ air d'ḟoirnirt indluig, Ériu iv 212. 20 .

di gním nó di bréithir in word or deed : má dotuc easanóir do g. na do b. do nech acu, RC xix 28 § 22 .

do gréss continually, semper : origin of do obscure, v. 2 grés.

di inchaib, do i., d'inchaib ( LL 147 b 16 ) for the honour of, under the protection of, &c. tair lind dí giall di i. Connacht, LU 69 b 2 (cf. Laws v 308. 19 : fíach gill di inchaib). de i., FB § 13 . dit i., LU 66 b 38 . roléiccead ass d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, AFM 1072. 14 . See 1 enech, ainech.

do láthair, de l. in presence of, before (both after verbs of motion and of rest) contains original do.

di léimim v. XLIV.

di marcaib v. XLIV.

di memur, do mebair by rote, by heart : gabáil ind tsailm de memur, Mon. Tall. 142. 24 . dobhí dḟebus a ṁebra gach a cluinedh tiar is tair dobíodh aige do mebair, SG 108. 7 . gan aonḟocal do ṁebair, ib. 280. 1 . atá in scriptúir do mebair lais, PH 2185 . ib. 4178 .

di glanmemur, do ghlanṁeabhair id. conách bi ní da gcluineadh gan a bheith do ghlainmeabhrae aige, MR 282. 11 (Stowe, not in YBL). dá mbeidheadh an bíobla go léir de ghlanṁeaṁair agat, De Imit. 2. 4 . ib. 112. 4 .

dia mess féin according to his own opinion Each. Iol. 25. 14 .

di miscais from hatred : dia m. ara máthair, Ériu iv 102. 6 .

di muin, glossed de chommairgi: robí (.i. romarb) Aed di muin Chormaic in ríg , Rawl. 122 a = LL 314 a 27 .

di muir by sea : ac indrudh Muman do muir ┐ do thír RC xviii 49. 24 . in comdortad darónsat a námait do muir ┐ do thír fair, CCath. 2675 . cach olc do muir is do thír tige fri Temrach, BColm. 102. 10 .

do nós ever : do n. mar is cóir dóib, Hy Fiach. 459. 1 ; ib. 458. 35 . ar thagid do n., KMMisc. 264. 13 .

d'oenaicned of one mind : d'aentáib ┐ d'aenláim ┐ d'aenaigned da bar ninnsaigid, MR 194. 14 .

d'oenbreith at one birth : doenbreith ructha Olom ┐ Conrí ZCP viii 332. 2 .

d'oenintinn of one mind, intent : dias dot sluagaib do beith da aeninntinn, RC xix 26 § 19 .

d'oenláim. See d'oenaicned.

d'oenméin with one accord : dorinneadar uile d'aoinṁéin, TSh.

d'oentóib together (after verbs of motion as well as of rest): is d'oentaib bátar ind fir se hi cend Ulad, SCC § 22 . do chuadar cum an catha dh'aentaeibh, Caithr. CC 25 .

d'oentoisc with special aim, deliberately, exclusively LL 90 b 25 . Laws iii 422. 5 ; v 336. 19 , 20 . TSh. 160. 2 ; 215. 16 ; v. toisc.

d'oenuaim of one report, all together , v. Dinneen 36 a .

d'oenurchor, v. XXXVII (f).

di ráith, do r., .i. ar son for the sake of O'C. is di r. dee dobeir dígail fort, Wb. 6 a 14 ; v. ráith.

do réir ( dit réir, ACL iii 313. 2 ) according to contains original do, v. 1 do.

di rogain, di rogu, with beirid = takes as a choice, chooses : ruc in mac ba sine a indmus do rogain, LB 158 b 6 . AFM 1640. 8 . Proverbs 22. 1 . a breith do (v.l. de) roghain TSh. 56. 25 .

di ṡeirc for love : cum benignitas apparuit saluatoris nostri .i. is do seirc móir dodechuid airitiu colno do Chríst, Wb. 31 d 2 . asbert...cid dia mbói fochond a galair. atá dit seirc seo ol Ailill, TE § 10 LU (belongs under XLV a). is dia ṡeirc conairlither a thol it is through love of Him that His will is cared for Ériu i 195. 2 .

diṡuidiu = didiu, q.v.

di thír by land . See di muir.

di thoisc, do thoisc on account of, owing to: ag caoineadh a amaráin féin do thoisg an trír chéadna, TSh. 60. 7 . gach saoth da dtig orra is do th. an ubhaill úd táinig, 92. 15 . bás...da ṡíol do th. a anuṁla sin, 93. 1 f.b. do th. an adhalt rannais, 151. 18 , &c. Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 194 .

di thraig on foot , cf. di choiss: doluid aṅgel Dé dia thraig ar chinn Baláim, SR 4785 .

d'urmór for the greater part: dochuartaighsiod fearann Chonaire ┐ dochreachsat durmór é, ML 22. 19 .

E DI OF THE SUBJECT-MATTER OF THOUGHT, FEELING OR ACTION : of, concerning, with regard to, in reference to, corresp. to Lat. de.—For the sense-development compare: is becc pridchimmeni di rúnaib Dée, Wb. 12 c 6 . atfét dún ní dona mórgaibfi rogaifis, Anecd. iii 53. 26 . co ninnisi tú ní dot madgnímradaib, &c.

LII

(a) In elliptical or incomplete sentences: de collectis autem quae fiunt in sanctos, .i. dinab gabálib, Wb. 13 d 33 . uaniloqui...maxime qui de circumcisione sunt, gl. de Iudeib ón that is of the Jews, 31 b 15 . mire sane uariauit hos uersus .i. cachla fers and di adhuath...in fers aile dí húaisletu, Ml. 40c16 . du gnímaib aní tuas du persannaib anísiu sís, 117 c 6 . ib. 89 d 12 . 102 d 9 . in finem .i. di laithiu brátha, 40 a 19 . Transl. Lat. de: Sg. 2 a 10 (donaib). 2 b 1 (dinaib). With the copula: is do (seldom di) is of, about : ní dond imdibu colnidiu lessom inso he is not here speaking of &c., Wb. 10 a 14 . is do diuchtrad corporum ┐ do chotlud corporum , 25 c 12 . náich do imdibu colnidu aní thuas, 10 a 15 . is do dóinacht maicc cachla focull ┐ dia deacht a naill, Ml. 24 d 30 . is dind oipred, 67 c 18 .—ceith dand erán ┐ den seildind imbe both as to the bread and, &c. Mon. Tall. 151. 25 . issed as chóir laisim...de bithbúr praindea, ib. 146. 28 . isí comairli is cóir dhe, ZCP viii 114. 8 . ni ba edh de thuathaib Dea it was not so with RC xii 92 § 122 .

(b) in subject-headings, titles of tales, chapters , &c. after Latin model: Cato de agna pascenda, gl. din dínit bed ṡástai, Sg. 39 b 11 . Nonio Marcello de doctorum indagine .i. dind eclim, 17 a 6 . De Chophur in da Muccide, LL 246 a 15 . de gabáil in tṡída inso sís, 245 b 12 f.b. do fallsigud Tána Bó Cúalṅge, 245 b 1 . de rígaib Muman inso, 320 a 15 . do Monur (leg. monur) epscop sunna, ACL iii 313. 1 ; 316. 15 , ZCP x 378 . do fedmannaib anmcharat...so, 318. 11 . de chórus cána in domnaich budesta, Anecd. iii 21. 1 . agso síos do ríoghaibh Éireann, Keat. iii 2. 1 .—Often at the end of a tale when the title is repeated.

(c) in the construction of many verbs, such as—

(α) speak, tell, preach, mention and the like. Lat. loqui, dicere, narrare de. Referring to Lat. dicere: cum dicit de osoribus suis .i. di náimtib, Ml. 16 d 5 . de suscepto homine dicta .i. di dóinacht Críst són, 17 a 11 . Sg. 3 b 27 . 66 a 6 . Lat. tractare: de speciebus...supra tractauimus, gl. di delbaib, Sg. 61 a 1 . praefari, Ml. 61 a 35 , 36 . sermo esse, 26 b 5 . inserere de, 75 b 20 , cf. 26 b 20 . After adfét, asindet, aisndís; di: a nadfiadar di Críst, Wb. 27 a 10 . ib. 5 c 16 (di thuiste dúile). innahi adfiadam di Christ, Ml. 93 d 14 . aisndis di duiniu, 131 a 12 . intan adcóidemmar di comparit, Sg. 43 a 6 . Ml. 65 a 1 . 115 d 9 . Cf. Sg. 103 a 1 . Tur. 40 . din (-nd, -nt), Ml. 14 d 10 . 40 b 8 . dinaib, 40 c 18 . de, 122 a 2 . Sg. 18 a 1 . 59 b 7 . diib, Ml. 145 c 7 , 8 . di, 42 b 7 . dia (n-), 40 b 8 . 54 a 20 . Sg. 197 a 6 . taidbsin dia nécid remaind, PH 6689 . do: aisndís du forgairib Dæ, Ml. 66 c 3 . ib. 14 b 12 . 14 d 3 . 24 d 30 . 42 b 18 . 110 c 5 . 125 a 11 . 126 b 1 . 137 d 2 .—do may be original in the sense `ascribe to' ( Ml. 72 d 9 ). asbeir di: amal bid di muir atberad, Ml. 62 c 2 . ib. 37 a 14 . dind, 21 c 3 . dinaib, Wb. 5 a 4 . dínni: ní don daum storidiu acht is dínni preceptórib ar is díin asrobrad a ndede so, 10 d 8 . diib, Sg. 29 b 16 . 73 b 8 . 203 b 6 . di 3 sg. f., Wb. 15 d 20 . Ml. 145 c 3 . dia n-, Wb. 13 c 12 . 21 d 4 . Ml. 14 d 13 . Sg. 66 b 10 . 71 a 17 . 208 a 7 . diar n-, Wb. 17 c 23 . is de atberthe in sírite de, SCC § 17 . cid arnapair in tapstal spirtalda díb, RC xxv 244 §§ 20 - 23 . issed asbered som de suidiu, Mon. Tall. 142. 19 . de bithúr, 136. 31 . PH p. 630 a . do: Ml. 26 a 8 . 45 a 9 . 51 d 25 . 133 a 10 . don, dund: asberar corp don dlúim máir sin, Wb. 9 d 5 . Ml. 17 b 23 . 37 b 19 . donaib, 37 b 24 . issed asbert do bithfúr, Mon. Tall. 134. 21 .—In the sense `ascribes to' do may be original ( Wb. 4 b 3 . 9 d 5 . Ml. 110 d 16 ). atá briathar: ní díib attáa briathar less it is not of them he speaks Wb. 13 a 16 . intí dia robe briathar linn, Sg. 197 b 12 . PH 2725 . 3148 . 4600 . 6189 . 6501 . 6698 . 6791 . cestnaigidir asks, inquires : cestnaigther do forcraid na foltni, RC xxv 240 § 12 . foraithmet mention of: f. ṅde, Ml. 61 b 12 . dia mbi f. riam, Sg. 197 b 18 . coná raibi acht mad f. bec di (viz. the Táin) in Érinn, ACL iii 4. 15 . gairthir di is called : goirther coin in diabuil díb, PH 7703 . Sabecdai do gairm díb, 6969 . Longínus goirther dím, 694 . dogairther di id.: conid de dogarar díndi Féne ó Fénius, Ériu iv 140. 23 . RC xxiv 184. 7 . BColm. 58. 3 . labraithir Lat. `loquitur': ní labrathar di féisne, Sg. 199 b 6 . de se loqui, gl. cétna persan di féisin, 199 b 10 . quando de ratione...loquimur, gl. de chaldigud, 181 a 9 . pridchid: is becc pridchimme ni di rúnaib Dé, Wb. 12 c 6 . rolá di: ní du choscrad in tempail rala som, Tur. 80 . ráidid: Góidil do rád dib, Thes. ii 316. 24 ; 317. 33 .

(β) sing of, write of. Lat. canere, scribere de. canaid: is di laithiu sabbait rocét in salm so, Ml. 57 d 13 . ib. 48 b 11 . 85 b 11 (referring to Lat. cecinit). Thes. ii 252. 14 . conid díbsin rochéad in seanchaid, RC xxiv 182. 15 . PH p. 630 a . gaibid: di: di thuasulgud in popuil...rogabad in salm so, Ml. 116 c 2 . ib. 16 a 10 . 35 a 8 . 35 a 10 . 44 b 1 . 48 d 27 . 133 b 1 . 139 a 8 , 10 , 11 . din, 44 b 1 . 48 d 28 . 112 c 11 . de, 16 a 10 . 24 d 26 . 44 b 1 . 48 d 27 , 28 . dia (n-), 35 b 24 . 44 b 1 . dimsa, 17 b 18 . díb, 35 a 8 . do: is de rogabad in salm so do dechur etir deacht ┐ dóinacht maicc, 24 d 26 . 24 d 29 . 45 d 7 . 133 b 2 . 139 a 6 , 9 . Referring to Lat. scríbere, Wb. 25 b 7 .

(γ) prophesy, prefigure; testify . do-airchain: is díimsa tairrchet, Wb. 7 a 2 . ib. 15 a 34 . 26 d 9 . desom, Ml. 38 c 9 . di thetacht in spirto...profetauit, Tur. 170 b 2 . amal roterchan in fáith de, PH 5115 . fiugraid: an rofiugrad di Críst, Wb. 15 a 34 . fáitsine: dia mbói oc fáitsine dia mac, PH 3436 . dobeir forcell: is de dobiur f. di neurt inna deserce, Wb. 16 c 4 . ib. 25 d 20 , 21 (díibsi), 25 d 20 . Ml. 22 d 19 . 24 d 14 . a forcell forrogelsam ni di laithiu brátho, Wb. 25 d 20 . dobeir teist (testas): do thabirt testassa dínn, Wb. 15 a 3 . ib. 15 a 6 . 15 d 8 a . 18 a 3 . 23 a 23 . 24 c 16 . 25 a 18 . 28 b 6 . 28 c 4 . 34 a 3 .

(δ) instruct, teach . Lat. docere de: do munud a dalti di cach gním, Wb. 24 d 10 .

(ε) discuss, dissertate . Lat. disserere, disputare de: etarcert di dúlib, Wb. 27 a 10 . di phecthib, 29 c 10.

(ζ) blaspheme : du écnduch di Dia, Ml. 72 b 5 (hardly for `do'; usually with gen. `écndach Dé').

(η) hear, think, remember, forget . Lat. audire, cognoscere, sentire de. cluinithir: issed rochualai Maolrúain la sruthi di dérgu ind tíri, Mon. Tall. 133. 19 . Cf. magna a patribus de tuis factis audiuimus .i. di neuch durigni siu du adamru, Ml. 63 c 5 . domoinethar: cáintoimtiu diib, Wb. 23 a 22 . náro taithmen Ísu do forcraid na foltne did not think of RC xxv 242. 16 . Referring to Lat. sentire, Ml. 15 b 4 . accipi de, ib. 17 d 11 . coná raibi acht mad cuimne di (viz. the Táin) i nÉrinn, ACL iii 4. 15 . cuimnigidir is mindful of: ní de fat na foltni .i. dia forcraid acht dia nárim nammá cumniges Ísu isin tṡoscélu, RC xxv 240 § 12 . ár ndermat ni diar sóirad, Ml. 96 a 13 .

(θ) care for, provide for, be confident about, fear for: dethiden: dethiden díbsi, Wb. 14 d 13 . dissi, 28 d 22 . diibsi, 26 d 19 . d. dinaib bochtaib, Ml. 129 c 3 . Cf. cia dethitiu i faili siu don bargin út, Ériu i 134. 3 . Later also with for. A cpd. with di (*di-aith-fedan). remcaisiu, remdéicsiu providence ; remidéci provides for: nád rabae r.-déicsiu Dé dimso, Ml. 59 a 48 . desom, 91 a 21 . díib, 90 b 17 . dia dúlib, 20 b 2 . remcaissiu Dé diib, 90 b 19 . 90 c 9 . diib som, 122 d 7 . dinni, 91 b 10 . dinaib dúlib, 20 c 3 . de, 50 d 1 .— nadmbed dliged remdéicsen Dé du dóinib sech remideci Dia dunaib anmandib amlabrib, 55 d 25 . essamnae: de protectione tua...fiducia, gl. ní núae dúnni ind esamnae so dit dítin siu this confidence concerning thy protection Ml. 110 d 12 . Cf. XXXII above.

(ι) uisio quae de obscuratione solis facta est, .i. din temul, Ml. 16 c 7 .

(κ) de Homine intelligendum est .i. di dóinacht maicc is immaircide, Ml. 25 d 17 . is din gním...is i. .i. du chésad Chríst, Ml. 113 d 3 . do of the person, Wb. 12 b 26 .

1 dechor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dechor or dil.ie/14907

Forms: dechor, dechur, dechur, dechor, -ur, ndechor, nduchur, dechor, dechur, duchur, dechor, dechur, dechuir, dechoir, dechur, dechvr, dechor, dechraib, deochoir, deuchur, dechraib, deochair, dechraib, dechair, dechraib, dechoir, dechair, deccair, deochoir, deochair, deocair, deoch-, dechair, deochoir, deochair, dechraib

n o, n. GENDER AND INFL. Oir. neut. Wb dechor, dechur. Mil only dechur. Sg dechor, -ur. n s. preceded by neuter of the article: a ndechor , Wb. 13 c 26 . Sg. 107 b 1 . 183 a 2 . a nduchur (sic), Ml. 115 a 2 . Followed by neutral n-: dechur naisndissen, Ml. 114 a 14 . dechor mbindiusa, Sg. 23 a 2 . d.-or netarru, 38 a 8 . d.-or nuird, 41 b 7 , 10 . d.-or naimsire, 146 b 15 . combed dechur eter ṅdán ulla, ib. 45 b 19 . Referred to with ed: Ml. 24 d 25 . 115 a 2 . Sg. 107 b 1 . n s. dechor, Wb. 13 c 26 . PCr. 62 a 3 . Sg. 3 a 11 . 27 a 9 . 41 b 10 . 59 a 17 . 163 b 10 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 201 a 3 . 212 a 13 . dechur, Wb. 12 c 43 . 13 c 26 (thrice). 33 c 10 . Ml. 26 b 1 . 114 a 14 . duchur, Ml. 115 a 2 . —a s. dechor, Wb. 7 d 10 . Sg. 6 b 2 . 28 a 7 . 61 a 24 . 220 b 6 . dechur, Wb. 10 b 21 . 13 c 26 . 33 c 18 . Ml. 56 b 33 . 69 a 19 . 138 c 1 .—g s. dechuir, Sg. 38 a 2 . 173 a 8 . 212 a 13 . dechoir, 55 b 5 .—d s. dechur, Wb. 13 b 26 . Ml. 24 d 26 . 72 c 9 . dechvr, Sg. 205 a 3 . dechor, ib. 28 a 13 . 61 b 3 . 147 a 1 . 198 a 5 .— d p. dechraib, Ml. 125 d 7 .—MID.-IR. fem.: basí deochair lasna fianna, LU 86 b 4 f.b. Now pronounced and written deochoir with u-timbred ch ( duchur, Ml. 115 a 2 , perhaps = deuchur). The constant spelling dechraib in d p. points to a-timbred ch in syncopated forms (i.e. in pl.). Compare the following rhymes from SR: sg. deochair: feochair, SR 4815 , 6813 . deochain, 4533 . fleochaid, 7115 ; but pl. dechraib: debthaig, 6537 . cethraib, 3007 . Rhymes like (cen) dechair: brethaib, LL 155 a 11 ; (cen) dechair: Mechair, ib. 353 a 43 , point to a-timbred ch (due to the analogy of the pl.). Of the o-inflexion no trace is left. sg. indec. deochoir, pl. †dechrai, dat. dechraib. n s. dechoir, LL 170 a 29 . dechair, SR 1255 . 1330 (if not gen.). 7947 . Rawl. 46 b . deccair, CCath. 2051 . deochoir, Hib. Min. 17. 5 . deochair, LU 86 b 4. f.b. LL 189 b 59 . SR 1251 . Laws ii 200. 12 . deocair, BB 319 b 5 . deoch-, Hib. Min. 8 l. 267 ; 9 l. 291 . LB 111 a 39 .—a s. dechair, LL 353 a 43 . 155 a 11 . deochoir, Otia i 116 . deochair, LL 10 b 40 . deoch-, LB 111 a 13 .—d s. deochair, LL 157 b 2 . SR 1278 . —d p. dechraib, SR 3007 . 6537 . 7261 .

ORIGIN: A cpd. of dĕ- and cor, vn. of cuirithir, a neuter like dechor. The distinction made between dí-chor and de-chor points to dis- as the origin of de-, v. prep. 1 de, di (Origin).

SENSES: Deochair .i. dealugad, Lec. Gl. 265 . deachair .i. dealughadh. ar nach deachradh .i. nach dealaigheadh, O'Cl. deochair .i. eidirdheiliughadh, ib. deachair .i. dearsgugadh. dealbh an chruim dór do dheachair .i. do dearsgaich, ib. (Synon. derscugud, CCath. 2051 v.l.).

I The condition of being different; difference, dissimilarity, diversity. Also a point in which things differ . In the Glosses frequently translating Lat. differentia ( Ml. 24 d 25 . Sg. 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 28 a 7 . 28 a 13 . 41 b 7 . 55 b 5 . 61 b 3 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 212 a 13 ), Lat. distinctio ( Wb. 12 c 43 ), Lat. diuersitas ( Ml. 26 b 1 ), and referring to Lat. diuersus ( Sg. 38 a 8 . 147 a 1 ), Lat. discernere ( Sg. 26 b 8 ), Lat. alternatio. Often joined to ailidetu, cumscugud, eterderscnugud and the like. The objects or persons compared are introduced by eter (by gen. SR 1330 . LB 111 a 39 ), the thing or person compared with by fri (Mid.-Ir. la, LB 111 a 39 ), the point of comparison is put in gen., very seldom introduced by i n- ( Wb. 12 c 43 ).

(a) usually of things and abstracts: differentia, gl. dechor, Sg. 212 a 13 . 197 a 13 . ib. 3 a 11 . 26 b 8 . 107 b 1 . 201 a 3 . Ml. 115 a 2 . co fessed dechoir na pian, Otia i 116 (same phrase Wb. 13 c 26 ). d.¤ eter: a ndechur feil ettarru, Wb. 33 b 18 . d.¤ eter corpu nemdi ┐ corpu talmandi ┐ d.¤ etur corpu nemdi immanetar &c. (six times), ib. 13 c 26 . tadbat d.¤ fil eter lánamnas ┐ ógi, 10 b 21 . etir deacht ┐ dóinacht, Ml. 26 b 1 (transl. Lat. diuersitas). Ml. 24 d 25 . 56 b 33 . 72 c 9 . Sg. 38 a 8 . 45 b 19 . 163 b 10 . 173 a 8 . 185 b 1 . conroib ailidetu ┐ dechor etir in dí sillaib, 59 a 17 . Lat. indifferenter, gl. ní bi d.¤ eter diall nanmann ┐ pronominum , 27 a 9 .— cati dechoir etir in argumaint ┐ in titail, Hib. Min. 8. 264 . ib. 17. 5 ; 9. 21 . Laws ii 200. 12 . Rawl. 46 b . SR 7947 . ba sí d.¤ lasna fianna etir orgain ┐ maidm, LU 86 b 4 f.b. = H 3.18, 531 . —dechor + fri: ar ní fil ní frisa mbed a ndechor, Sg. 183 a 2 . ib. 38 a 2 . ní écen d.¤ fri céssad, PCr. 62 a 3 . dechor + i n-: Lat. distinctionem sonituum, gl. mani bée d.¤ isin tsenmuim, Wb. 12 c 43 . dechor + gen.: d.¤ nuird, Sg. 41 b 7 , 10 . d.¤ ceníuil, 61 a 24 . ib. 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 220 b 6 . d.¤ naisndissen, Ml. 114 a 14 . lēgo lĕgo dīco dĭco: ata dechor naimsire hi suidib la cumscugud coibedne a difference of quantity (sic transf.), Sg. 146 b 15 . d.¤ delbha, CCath. 2051 .

(b) of persons: d.¤ tadbat som itir dóini ┐ idlu, Ml. 138 c 1 . ní biad d.¤ etir firu sídi ┐ doene olchena, LL 170 a 29 . dá óclach...ní bí d.¤ ná eterderrsgnugud delbha etarru, CCath. 2051 .

II The action of distinguishing or discriminating; a distinction, discrimination . rogabad do d.¤ etir deacht ┐ dóinacht maicc, Ml. 24 d 26 . do d.¤ úirt, Wb. 13 b 26 . differentiæ causa .i. do d.¤ etir anmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid, Sg. 61 b 3 . ib. 147 a 1 . do d.¤ fri alaili, 198 a 5 . fri prænomina aili, 28 a 1 . opp. confusio, 205 a 3 . dobér in nubull duit do deochair maith ┐ uilcc, SR 1278 . — differentiae causa .i. ar dechor etir, &c., Sg. 28 a 7 . .i. ar accuis dechoir, 55 b 5 . 212 a 13 .— deochair eter maith is olc, SR 1251 . 1255 . 1330 . MacCarthy 54. 6 . d.¤ maithiusa la hulc, ib. 54. 27 . d.¤ do dénom to make a difference or distinction: mógi sidi uili do Dia acht dorigénsat in descipuil d.¤ etarru, Wb. 7 d 10 .—cen dechur without distinction, glossing Lat. indifferenter, Ml. 69 a 19 . cen dechair, LL 155 a 11 . 353 a 43.

III An alteration, a change , transl. Lat. alternatio. Syn. cumscugud.admiratio diuinae potentiae in alternationibus trancellitatis atque procellarum .i. isnaib ildechraib ón, Ml. 125 d 7 .

IV Distinction, excellence, eminence . atchuala ríg co ṅgus glan i fus for tír Tuadmuman: clí co ndeochair chuchta cain, LL 157 b 2 . Closely related to I, cf. Wb. 33 c 10 : de Melchisedech de Christo .i. a dechur fri sacartu fetarlicce.

V Instances from SR not mentioned above.

(a) d p. dechraib: dá macc déc...Iacoib húi Abaráim cona dechraib in cach threib cona cethraib máthrechaib with their differences in each tribe, SR 3007 . iar ṅdechraib doib díni dé: debthaig immon nárdríge 'according to their differences' ZCP x 380 . (viz. the eleven tribes under Ispas from the tribe of Judah) they fought for the high-kingship, 6537 . rí roeirn...cosmailius co sainigud...do híascaib snáit i srothaib do dechraib gotha na nén ┐ a crotha comthrén variety, 7261 .

(b) sg. deochair: na fográid ann (sc. isin tabernacuil) fria ndeochair: na deochain na suibdeochain: fri annad caindle gním cert fri tairbe fri timthirecht at their various occupations, 4533 . deochair tria blait, 4815 . Dauid ba bibdu rechta...dḟis trialla deochair dochath Fiadu fris feochair fergach, 6863 . bái tart for túaith nIsrahél. ní relic deochair Dia dil broen fleochaid dóib do noebnim, 7115 . ticfa fleochud fuilide asind níul...truag deochair diar cuirib ne línfaid inn huili ṅdomon, perh. a woeful change or difference, 8031 .—Other instances: Eochaid...delbas deochair a degrand, LL 10 b 40 ( deabhas d. a ndeadh rand, BB 33 b 25 .). deochair álainn aturo na ndís brec sróin bil, SG 90. 15 . Fél. Apr. 13 v.l.—itiat so tra na togla .i. Trechúairt (v.l. Treochair, Anecd. ii 45. 16 ) Tigi Lir...┐ Deochair (v.l. Deoair, Harl. Anecd. l.c. ) Tige Cathbath, LL 189 b 59 (meaning obscure, the tale being lost; Treochair if right points to a cpd. with de- `two'). As to dechraib, BB 204 b 18 , Todd Nenn. 136. 3 , see deccair.

do-airicc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airicc or dil.ie/17140
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tair, to-m-air, to-n-fairne, nā tar-sa, tar, tairr, tairre, tarr, tarra, tairced, tairceth, toircidh, do-nd-airic, thairic, tharic, tairic, thairc, taircet, taircther, do-m-aircedh, tairced, tairccedh, tairgidh, taircitis, tairgidis, do-air, do-mmair, condomthair, nachumthair, nīcontair, donnair, toir, tair, -tairi, do-airset, tairset, tairiset, -tairesad, tairsead, -tairsed, tairsiudh, tairisedh, do-t-aircibe, do-t-aircceba, do-far-faircebha, tarceba, targebu, tairceba, taircebe, tairgeba, toirceba, tairgfi, do fair, tair, do thairgebad, taircebat, ni tairset, tairchebad, do-arnacair, tharnacair, tarnacar, do-dn-arnic, do-da-farnaic, farnaic, ndo-f-arnic, tarnaic, tarrnaic, tarrnaig, rotharrnig, dtairnig, tairnic, tarnecamar, do-n-arnactar, to-sn-airnechtár, tárnactar, thairnechtar, thairnectair, tairnegtair, doarnactatar, con-tornachtatár, to-sn-airnechtatar, ó thárnecatar, conatornacadur, tarncatar, tuarnect

v (* to-air-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 553 ). IGT Verbs § 9 . Ipv. 2 s. (the forms occurring are originally subjunctive) tair, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 241 ). TBC-I¹ 295 . Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . to-m-air, TBC-I¹ 1070 . to-n-fairne, Ériu iii 140 . nā tar-sa, ZCP x 306 . tar, TD 2.3 . tairr, Ériu iv 144 ; v 28 . tairre, CF 582 , 686 . tarr, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.5 , sic leg. Ir. Review 1913, 625 . tarra, Imr. Brain i 68 . Acall. 2089 . RC xxviii 314 . 3 s. tairced, LU 1569 ( IT ii2 213 ). MacCongl. 117.33 . tairceth, IT ii2 209a . 2 pl.? toircidh, Cog. 86 . Indic. pres. 3 s. do-nd-airic, O'Mulc. 291 . thairic, tharic, SR 4699 , 6741 . tairic, RC xxi 378.4 ( LU 1361 ). CCath. 2483 . thairc, TBC-LL¹ 1784 (tair, v.l., cf. PH 899 ). 3 pl. taircet, Metr. Dinds. ii 10 . Imr. Brain § 14 (tairget, v.l.). ? Pass. taircther, Corm. Y 1262 . Impf. 3 s. do-m-aircedh, Anecd. i 73 ( ZCP xi 161 ). tairced, SR 4605 . tairccedh, AFM 806 (cf. tairgidh, IT iii 195 § 33 ). 3 pl. taircitis, Dinds. 117 . tairgidis (as past subj.), RC xxvi 134 .

Subj. (forms often indistinguishable from those of do-roich and do-airret) pres. 3 s. do-air, Laws v 508.2 . do-mmair, Hy. vi 11 , 16 . RC xv 489 . condomthair, Hy. vii 59 . Ériu iii 198 . nachumthair, LL 307a2 . ( dūs in tair, TBC-I¹ 1141 , nīcontair, 2757 seem to be fut.; cf. also donnair, Trip.² 1344 = Lat. Lives 35 , ZCP x 225 , if this is from the same verb.) toir, CCath. 462 . ? do-d-áir (MSS. dodar, do dar, dod dor), Éigse xx 143 § 5 . tair as fut. perf. hypothetical, Laws i 62.23 ; ii 232.5 , etc. cipead dommaire, Ériu ii 90 § 16 . -tairi, BDD 128 , 129 , cf. Ériu i 203 . nim thaire, ZCP vi 260.4 . 1 pl. ? co tairsem, Ériu iii 143 § 5 . 3 pl. do-airset, Fél. Sept. 20 . tairset, Fél. Dec. 13 . Hy. i 45 ; cf. tairiset, Laws ii 58.20 . -tairesad (leg. tairsead?), Cog. 50.17 . Impf. 3 s. -tairsed, Trip. 382 . Laws ii 58 . co tairsidh, Aen. 2676 . tairsiudh, BNnÉ 321 . Laws ii 58 . tairisedh, ZCP x 276 ( noco tairsidh í, IT ii2 129 , if not subj. pres. 2 pl., may belong here. í may be the subject, cf. the var. adubhairt B. go raibh fledh aige . . . ┐ gur gheis do a fagbail no go ccathadh í until he should have consumed it). 3 pl. ¤tairsittís, BNnÉ 13 . AFM vi 2016 .

Fut. 3 s.

(a) (-b-) do faricba (= dobaricba), RC x 66 . do-t-aircibe, IT ii2 190 (Eg.).

(b) (infl. of gaibid, see Ériu iii 191 - 3 ) do-t-aircceba, ZCP xiii 276.2 . do-far-faircebha, RC x 66 n. 2 . do fairgeb, 66 n. 1 . tarceba, RC xii 88 § 97 . targebu, 82 § 79 . tairceba, ZCP viii 195.5 . taircebe, x 52.25 . tairgeba, IT ii2 194 . ni toirceba , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 .

(c) tairgfi (-b-, late), ZCP viii 547.25 = TBC-LL¹ 1784 v.l.

(d) (-s-) do-n-air (sic leg.? do fair, v.l.), ZCP x 225 (cf. Lat. Lives 35 ). ? tair, TBC-I¹ 1141 , 2757 .

3 pl.

(b) do thairgebad (= do-t-airgebat?), IT ii2 190 . taircebat, 193 (Eg.) tairgebhaid, BB 418a19 .

(d) ni tairset, TBC-I¹ 3131 ?

Condit. 3 s.

(b) na tairchebad , Ériu iv 26.18 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s.

(a) (depon.) do-arnacair, SG 406.3 . ni tharnacair , RC xiii 30.29 . co tarnacar , LL 262b31 ; 49 . BNnÉ 98 § 6 . ZCP x 411.17 .

(b) do-dn-arnic, ZCP viii 195.4 . do-da-farnaic, Fél. June 10 . do farnaic , RC xiv 416 , x 66 . a ndo-f-arnic (= ndo-b-arnic), 64 . tarnaic, TBC-LL¹ 420 , etc. co tarrnaic , TBC-I¹ 2616 . ní tarrnaig , TFrag. 26 . rotharrnig, CF 1021 . go dtairnig , TD 11.26 (-ic(c), v.l.). tairnic, 25.77 (MSS.).

1 pl. tarnecamar, ZCP iv 242.24 . 3 pl. do-n-arnactar, Wb. 7b13 . to-sn-airnechtár, FB § 55 . tárnactar, SR 6939 . ni thairnechtar , IT ii1 178 . co thairnectair , PH 5292 . tairnegtair, RC xiii 30.31 . doarnactatar, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.7 . con-tornachtatár, LU 10098 ( Imr. Brain 64 ). to-sn-airnechtatar, FB § 55 Eg. ó thárnecatar, TTr.² 1601 . conatornacadur, Imr. Brain 64 v.l. tarncatar, LL 308a1 ( RC xiii 112 ). Pass. pret. s. tuarnect (?), Fianaig. 10 § 3 .

(a) comes: tair dum berrad-sa, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 214 ). tair dom chobair, Ériu iii 31 . LB 262b75 . tair lemm 'come with me', Echtrae Chonnlai 121 § 5 . tairced fer ar mo chend-sa, IT ii2 213 . TBC-I¹ 748 . a Phátric, tairche ┐ tair, Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . ni tharnacair Conall, RC xiii 30 . tarra co luath a comfochraib dūin, RC xxviii 314 . tárnactar 'na dáil, SR 6939 . tairced int angel do nim i comdāil Aroin, 4605 . tair don chath, BS 6 . nā tairgidis arīs docum nErenn, RC xxvi 134 . Ériu iv 26 . dofarnaic reme co faidchi na hEmna came onward, RC xiv 416 . tairgebhaid na Troiana for ar ndail, BB 418a19 . āilit . . . R. . . . ar co tairsiudh co cutrama friu `that he would come into conformity with them', BNnÉ 321 . co tairsedh riaghail dromann na sciath (sic leg.) . . . isin cōir cētna doridhisi so that the row of shields might return to the same order (?), CCath. 5847 .

(b) With infixed pron. obj. or accus.: to-m-air, a Lugaid, TBC-I¹ 1070 . a ndo-farnic (= ndobarnic) arráer do-f-aricba cach naidchi ye shall every night get what ye got last night, RC x 64.2 . do-t-aircceba mid cuill a cuachaib airgit thou shalt get hazel-mead, ZCP xiii 276.2 . Anecd. i 73 = ZCP xi 161 . domairnic sund tipra, Anecd. 63 = ZCP xi 156 . tosnairnechtár fleda mōra feasts came to them (i.e. they found, got), FB § 55 . hōre don-arnactar Crist `because they had approached Christ', Wb. 7b13 . targebu deogh firu hErenn, RC xii 82 . do thaircgebat (= do-t-a.) uaindi tri doim, Anecd. i 11.9 ; cf. IT ii2 190 § 3 . do airset ar ndala `may they visit our assemblies', Fél. Sept. 20 , cf. in dál . . . tuarnect im robánad `the tryst . . . has been kept by me in pale death', Fianaig. 10 , and the doubtful reading condatornachtatar in dáil (i nd.¤?), Imr. Brain § 64 .

(c) Hence finds, gets (in some of the exx. which this meaning suits there is probably confusion with fo-airicc finds, e.g. condofairnic in Mac Óg for duma shidha in Bhrogha, ZCP v 524 , cf. dofornic lánamni ar a chiund hi síth C. . . . foránic alaili hi nDumu G., Imr. Brain i 53 ). for cach oen tarnecamar on all whom we have met, ZCP iv 242 . ni thairnechtar fodail they had not arrived for the distribution, IT ii2 178 . asbert . . . ara n-aurthaitis do Emain co tairsitis ōl and, TBC-I¹ 613 (do-airret?). co tairsem a sen-anmann that we may find their original names, Ériu iii 143 . Perh. also: tairr .i. arinnī taircther ind cach biad, Corm. Y 1262 (do-áirci?). dūs in tairsimmis a baegul whether we can get a chance at him, TBC-I¹ 1650 . TBC-LL¹ 667 . Hugh Roe 48 . dūs an ttairsittis iad to see if they could take them, AFM vi 2016 . is mairg taircebe in cuire unhappy who survives till that band, ZCP x 52 . mairg thair iadsan d'aithle cháich, O'Gr. Cat. 556 ( fúair, A V 2, 76b ).

(d) comes to an end, is completed, finished, exhausted (probably arising from perf. tairnic has come = is over; cf. is inbechtain ma tairnic leis deredh a imacollma he had hardly made an end of speaking, CCath. 5186 ; go ttairnic crich ┐ comhchaithemh a n-uile chostuis, Fl. Earls 188 ). tarnac ┐ tairnic .i. do críochnaigheadh, O'Cl. innuraid . . . .i. in bliadain tairnic and the year which has just ended, Corm. Y 783 . doarnactatar cumhacta (sic MS.) gach iodhoil ind aimsir na geine coimdetta, Leb. Gab.(i) 144 . tarncatar a rīg-leptha `his royal beds have ended', RC xiii 112 = SG 388 . Esp. common in subj. with co n-: co tairsed a gabáil till its recital should have ended, Trip. 382 . leicid cairdi dūn co tair in t-aifrinn till the mass is over, Fél. p. 116 . ní rag co táir in cluichi-seo, RC xiii 108 = SG 386 . co tarnaic in cluchi sin d'immirt, ib. nī ḟētaim-si fācbhāil na crīche nogu tair a coisercadh uile until its consecration is finished, Lism. L. 1819 . tarnaic an dairtech the (building of) the oratory is finished, RC xxvii 288 . ó tharnic in recles do chumtach, Lat. Lives 61 = Trip. 470 . tarnic in bith the world is over, ZCP v 23 . tairnic do ré thy span is completed, Ériu i 124 . trén tairnic a worn-out champion, ACL iii 239 . tarnic ar lón our provision is exhausted, RC xxxiv 312 (= thairnic linn ar lón, LB 279a21 ). co tairrnig sdair Sērluis thus endeth, Fier. 258 .

With DO of pers.: o tharnic dond ingin a haithesc, LU 10054 . co tair dúind ar toisc do dénamh, Imr. Brain i 64 . co tairnic do raind na muici, Anecd. v 15 (= cor ránic dó, IT i 105 ). go dtairnig dhúin dáil na gcorn, TD 11.26 . ro imbir a chluiche co tarnacair dō ar in fidchill, SG 405 . ni thairnic dhó acht sin do rādh anuair, etc. he had barely finished these words when, BS 48 . With FRI: o thairnic fri h Ísu osaicc dia apstalu when Jesus had done washing His apostles' feet, PH 5265 . With LA: ic ól na coibledi sin co tarnacar leo, MU² 128 . cu tairnic leo athnuaidiud . . . gach neich romillset, RC xiv 36 . go ttairnig léo a raibhe d'uisge aca do chaithemh, Ériu v 186 . in tan tairgeba lemsa, dena cennsa frim anmain when all shall be over with me, Ériu iii 30 . With ó: ní tharnaic uad acht a rád he only managed to say, TBC-LL¹ 2071 . ni tharnic úan do rád, 645 .

do-inóla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-inóla or dil.ie/17918
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: doinola, doninola, continola, tinola, doninoltar, tinolatar, dorinól, dorinolsatar, tinólfither, tinolta, tinóilid, tinól, thionóilte, tinólfither

v (*to-in-uss-la, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 511 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. doinola gl. adplicat, Ml. 25b3 . rel. doninola, Tur. 110 . Subj. pres. 3 s. is ecen continola inna huili doilbthi, Thes. ii 6.33 ( Acr. 13b1 ). ara tinola , 244.27 . Pass. s. doninoltar gl. occupari, Ml. 24a8 . pl. arna tinolatar gl. inplicantur `that they may not be collected', 55b5 . Perf. 3 s. dorinól gl. locasse, 51a21 . SR 6485 . 3 pl. dorinolsatar, SR 2757 . Fut. pass. tinólfither (sic leg.), Thes. ii 38.3 . Part. tinolta gl. locata, Ml. 145d1 . Later as simple vb. tinóilid. Vn. tinól.

Gathers, collects ; (of armies) musters, assembles .

I Trans.: inna brodscuad anglana .i. doninola the unclean rubbish which it collects, Tur. 110 . ara tinola soalchi that he gather virtues, Thes. ii 244.27 (Cambr.). toirthi in domuin . . . | táircaid, tomlid, tinolaid, SR 2624 . ara chind tinolsat dail, 3109 . tinolsat tor tolach talc, 5077 . (reflex.) dosrinolsat do imcassin na hairce, 5439 . rothinolad lais insain | na fuair frisna secht ṁbliadnaib, 3393 . dor'inól sluag . . . i n-agaid nDauid, 6897 . is mé dorinól in slúagad-sa, TBC-I¹ 24 . doinōlat a mbāi do mnāib ┐ maccaib hi Cūailnge, 868 . cet n-ech srianach ratinol, IT i 125.14 . is hed rotinol this was the cause of the assembly, Mon. Tall. § 73 (157.15) . rotinolad leis an-robái i n-airiur Gréci do longaibh, TTr.² 130 . rotinólait slóigh ┐ sochaidhe móra, 197 . cotorinol lán a utlaig do bissib ega, Trip.² 126 . dosrinólsat cuána mára cucu do chonaib alta, LL 282b37 . co rotinólta fir hÉrenn dó, Ériu iv 144.1 . tinolaid Cumall a socraiti chucu, RC ii 88.35 . is áes side Brig Leith dorinólsat in n-orgain, xxii 401 . tinolfaiter muinter nime ┐ talman, iv 250.3 . nir taibged a hēntir riam ar (sic leg.) tinolset amlaid sin, xviii 174.24 . gur thinóil ┐ gur tochastail ógriograidh Alban, MR 110.9 . do-thionóilsiod a n-oireachtas um an áird-rígh, ML 56.4 . rothinóiletar a slúag ┐ a sochaidi, Fianaig. 76.29 . (Of women) conscarat nád rothinólat destroy what they cannot collect, Tec. Corm. § 16.96 . tinólfaider uanni `a muster will be made by us', CRR § 22 . gach molt dogebthi . . . as do ionsoighid na tulcha sin dotionoilti, Hy Fiach. 96.9 . tinoilter . . . a ndamrada chucu, Lec. 613b28 . co rotineoilid o Iuil `were rallied', Todd Nenn. 60.6 . is na h-aimsir rotineolaid in seanad i Constantin, 68.8 . roraid Dia . . . tinoiltear na usci atait fo nim a n-eninad, Lec. 528a22 . With cogn. accus. corthinoil Crimthann morthinol Laigen, 609a29 . dorionail an lion as lía conanagair, Hugh Roe 294.17 . doionalat a laochradh ┐ a laith goile, Leb. Gab.(i) 246.7 . tinoilter na luibhe . . . a mí mhai, 24 P 32, 209.20 . an tí chruinnigheas . . . go haindlightheach, do dhruing eile thionólas, TSh. 7173 . Impers. with AR: rotinoiled ar na Tiabandaib a muster was made of the Thebans, D IV 2, 77a27 . Cf. ro tinoiledh . . . air the distress was levied on him, Laws ii 140.21 Comm. Part. go léir thionóilte in full muster, ML 62.8 . Rel. Celt. ii 192.31 . (of two persons) puts together: o forruired in cobled i n-aidhchi na n-inboth (.i. na baindsi) torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228 . joins, fastens: tinólfither (sic leg.) gl. applicabitur, Thes. ii 38.3 . Of reefing sails: no tinoilfitis . . . seolbrata a long, CCath. 3736 . combines: (of an ague) ise sin an fiabrus a tinoilter teas ┐ fuacht ann a n-enfheacht, 23 P 10, 13a16 . makes up (a total): tinóilter an cét ésga ambolis re trí bliadnaib coitcinna `the first intercalary moon is made up of three common years', O'Gr. Cat. 306.9 . tinóilter an tésga sin a mbiseach an aen lae dég is made up out of the eleven days' excess, 306.2 . Of literary work, history, genealogy, etc. compiles, collects: isé dodaairinal ind oen lebar ┐ roscriph, Hib. Min. 214 . nech . . . rotheglaim ┐ rothinoil an leabur sa, AU iii 430 . Moel-brigte clausenair romtinol, MacCarthy 9 . gurob é tráth do tinóileadh an saetar so .i. an tan dorindedh an leabhar sa, O'Gr. Cat. 290.21 . dothinóilseam in geinealach-sa a croinicib na nGaeidel, Lec. 158b9 . dotinoil Ipocras ina comhradh fein in tsuim-so, 23 P 10, 9b38 .

II Intrans. tinólsatar . . . slóig mora macc n-Israhél, SR 5617 . tinoilit fir Muman ina naigidh, RC xxiv 184.1 . is aire nothinóldais cacha samna, SG 319.8 . rotinoilset . . . Luagni Temrach, CF 75.70 . rothinoilsit im Adam, MacCarthy 64.23 . (of the decay of the bardic schools) dursan an taobh dhá dtáinig | a mhoille thrá thionáilid, Ir. Review 1913, 595 § 12 .

Part. bátár tinoltai na Gamanraidi, Celtica xxvii 93 .

Dór

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dór or dil.ie/18255

n.pr. o, m. Slige Assail maic Dóir duinn, Metr. Dinds. iii 280 .

1 dor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dor or dil.ie/18252

Forms: duru, dor

n o a pl. duru, Rawl. 155a18 = dor , Lec. 245a50 . Wortk. 191 . door, gate; confine: d.¤ nime, RC xvi 277 ( Dinds. 160 ). congaib in doraib Grécce .i. in imlibh Grecce, Leb. Gab.(i) 114.12 (poem). As n.loc. (in pl.) deich maic Conaill Cloen, a coic dib ar doraib, a coic aile iar ndoraib . . . inna coic fri duru aniar, Rawl. 155a15 - 18 . Also in Cúan Dor , Glenn Dor ( Glandore ), Wortk. 191 . See Hog. Onom. s.v. dur . an sén dochuir ar cath nDor (Glandore?), 3 C 12, 236.3 . Compd. Dorchū n.pr. m. (lit. gate-dog, watch-dog), ZCP xiii 169.37 . Note also dordhuille `a valve, folding door ', P. O'C.

2 dor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dor or dil.ie/18253

ind .i. duine muine, H 3.18, 634c . See 1 dormaine.

3 dor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 dor or dil.ie/18254

ind nidam deog dearmait do eges imluad acht aene | dara d.¤ daen deim in doimthriathaib, Lec. 340a21 .

2 doraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 doraid or dil.ie/18264

n ( dor ) doorkeeper: ní bad d.¤ duit fer serb sotal, Tec. Corm. § 34.11 .

1 dormaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dormaine or dil.ie/18351

n , f. harlotry, concubinage . Cf. dor .i. duine muirne, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1858-9, 181 . mairg nach (leg. nech) dogní dormuine, SG 373.7 . d.¤ cen inmaine, LL 191b52 . dith dessi tria d.¤ , 53 (see Metr. Dinds. iv 320 ). conostarraid Cathnia i n-oentaid d.¤ , 200b5 .

dorochol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorochol or dil.ie/18380

ind (1 dor + ochol, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 362 ): d.¤ gl. foramen, Sg. 54a2 . Cf. 1 dor and fochla.

do-roich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-roich or dil.ie/18386
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: toirchi, toirche, tairche, tairchi, do-m-roched, domraiched, doroichi-siu, nis-toirchi, -torche, doroich, do-da-roich, do-t-roich, torroich, doroch, do-n-roig, dom-roig, doroigh, daroigh, do-s-roaig, doroaig, doroith, droich, adroich, cos-toraich, -toraig, -toraigh, -taraigh, -tairchem, doroichet, darochet, toirchet, -toirchet, dosroic[h]edh, doroitheadh, -toirched, doroichdis, doroithdis, torus, contoros-sa, torais, do-m-roi, do-t-rói, doro, do-s-ro, dorrae, durae, tora, tor, toirset, torset, torsind, társind, thorasta, do-m-roised, do-da-roigsed, -roised, nom-thoirsed, torsed, toirsid, dorostais, do-róistis, thoirsidís, do-m-ruïs, torais, dorua, do-t-rua, do-n-rua, doforfua, dor, doroa, dorodha, doria, daria, do-t-ria, do-t-ru, doro, ni-r-tora, doroiset, doroised, doroset, dorosset, adroset, toirset, -torsit, doroisde-sa, toiristea-sa, toirsid, doraismis, do-s-roacht, doroacht, doroacht, -toracht, doroachtamar, doroachtatar, doroachtadar, doroachtar, doruachtas-[s]a, do-m-ruachtais, do-m-ruacht, doruachtamar, doruachtatar, do-bar-ruachtadar, doruachtsat, dorochtus, dorocht, durucht, dorochtamar, dorochtadar, dorochtsatar, doriac[h]tus, doriachtais, doriacht, doriachtamar, doriachtsam, doriachtatar, dorochair, dorochradar, ndrochatar, toracht, torochd, torracht, torreacht, -toirracht, torrachtatar, tarrachtatar, thorochtar, torgethar, torrgitear, dorostar, torachta, toracht, do-m-roich

v (* to-ro-saig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 610 ). Not found in O.Ir. glosses. Ipv. 2 s. toirchi, SR 6128 ; toirche, Dinds. 68 , etc., Acall. 1744 ; tairche, RC xxiv 148 , Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . tairchi, Ériu v 223 . 3 s. do-m-roched, TBC-I¹ 754 (LU), dom-roiched, 759 ; ACL iii 232.5 ; domraiched, LL 102a17 . Acc. to Strachan, VSR 65 this form to be referred to do-reg. Cf. tairchi ┐ tair, Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . Indic. pres. 2 s. doroichi-siu, TFerbe 159 . nis-toirchi. IT i 101.8 . -torche, Anecd. v 11.29 . 3 s. doroich, LU 3542 , LL 113a10 ; do-da-roich, IT iii 41.2 . do-t-roich, Corm. Y 1082 . torroich (rel.), 1224 . doroch, BB 433b53 . do-n-roig, Fianaig. 12.6 . dom-roig, Trip.² 2835 . doroigh, Corm. Y 1049 . daroigh, BB 323a5 ( Auraic. 922 ). do-s-roaig, BB 307a25 . doroaig, Todd Nenn. 214.7 . doroith, Ériu viii 122.25 ; Stowe Gl. 49 . droich, 316 . ? adroich, Anecd. i 9.5 . cos-toraich, Ériu iv 150.29 . -toraig, LU 3578 ( SCC § 25 ); LL 147a6 , 236b20 . -toraigh, Dinds. 110 . -taraigh, ACL iii 235.10 . ? 1 pl. -tairchem, TFerbe 62 . 3 pl. doroichet, LL 281b20 , Corm. Y 434 . darochet, LL 231b9 . ni toirchet , IT i 160 . -toirchet, Rawl. 127b14 . Impf. 3 s. dosroic[h]edh, CCath. 5985 . doroitheadh, ZCP i 127.31 . -toirched, SG 81.1 . 3 pl. doroichdis, BB 39b8 . doroithdis, Lec. 371a11 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. co torus , SG 29.35 . contoros-sa, 257.8 . 2 s. co torais , Ériu vii 222 . 3 s. do-m-roi, Rawl. 107b12 = ACL iii 219 . do-t-rói, Moling § 3 . doro, Corm. s.v. rót . do-s-ro, Rawl. 83b7 ( Ériu vi 121 ). dorrae, durae, Auraic. 573 . co tora , SR 1263 ; Moling § 39 , etc. tor, Rawl. 107a37 ( ACL iii 217 ). 3 pl. dia toirset , BB 267b12 ; MR 22.8 . da torset , CRR 22 . Impf. 1 s. co torsind , LL 229a41 . dána társind , LU 9867 (do-airicc ?). 2 s. mani thorasta , SR 6321 . 3 s. do-m-roised, Ériu iv 236.23 (v.l.). do-da-roigsed (leg. -roised), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co nom-thoirsed , SR 3115 . co torsed , LL 221b20 . toirsid, Aen. 1992 . 3 pl. riasiú dorostais , BDD § 24 = do-róistis, BDD² 232 . ni thoirsidís , BB 40a45 .

Fut. 2 s. do-m-ruïs, Fianaig. 12.18 . ni torais , Thes. ii 347.14 . 3 s. (a) dorua, LL 306a5 . do-t-rua, SR 6117 . do-n-rua, LL 83a17 ( TBC-LL¹ 3332 ); LU 9908 , etc. doforfua (= do-forrua), SR 5483 , 5487 . (b) dor , Fél. 156.34 , 76.10 ; ZCP x 288.20 ; Lism. L. 2285 ; Aen. 589 . (c) doroa, Lec. 543a18 , cf. dorodha, Laws iii 380 Comm. (d) doria, LL 301 ( SG 373.9 ). daria, LL 298b14 . do-t-ria, TBC-I¹ 2244 . Note also: do-t-ru, Ériu viii 18 § 20 . ? dó ra, vii 219 . doro, Laws i 186.22 Comm. ni-r-tora, SR 2747 ; Anecd. ii 41.19 , etc. 3 pl. doroiset, LB 251a16 . doroised, Aen. 301 . doroset, LL 298b10 , dorosset, CRR 26 . ? adroset, BB 425a6 . ni toirset , -torsit. Condit. 2 s. doroisde-sa, ZCP viii 551.13 . co toiristea-sa , BNnÉ 79 § 153 . 3 s. in toirsid , Aen. 2125 . 1 pl. doraismis, TBC-LL¹ 766 .

Pret. and perf.

(a) 1 s. do-s-roacht, TBC-I¹ 403 . doroacht, LL 125a31 ( Ériu v 208 ); Fianaig. 10.11 . 3 s. doroacht , SR 5512 , 6364 , etc. -toracht, TBC-LL¹ 1234 . 1 pl. doroachtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (YBL). 3 pl. doroachtatar, BDD 84 (LU). doroachtadar, AU 851 . doroachtar, TBC-I¹ 3265 .

(b) 1 s. doruachtas-[s]a, BS 96 . 2 s. do-m-ruachtais, ZCP vi 266 § 6 . 3 s. do-m-ruacht, LU 3014 ( SG 235 ); Anecd. iii 66.25 ; BColm. 60.1 , etc. 1 pl. doruachtamar, Aen. 665 . 3 pl. doruachtatar, Thes. ii 328.44 . do-bar-ruachtadar, IT ii2 228 . doruachtsat, Aen. 1784 ; Leb. Gab.(i) 10.27 .

(c) 1 s. dorochtus, YBL 57b10 . 3 s. dorocht, SR 3397 ; RC xxiv 184.14 . durucht, Todd Nenn. 172.17 . 1 pl. dorochtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (LU). 3 pl. dorochtadar, Lec. 301b2 . dorochtsatar, AFM ii 652.6 .

(d) Common later form: 1 s. doriac[h]tus, ZCP viii 223.25 . 2 s. doriachtais, BS 56 § 36 . 3 s. doriacht, SR 2100 ; TBC-I¹ 2346 , etc. 1 pl. doriachtamar, YBL 205b31 . doriachtsam, Aen. 619 . 3 pl. doriachtatar, TE § 3 (Eg.); MR 272.1 .

(e) 3 s. dorochair, Lec. 303b47 . 3 pl. dorochradar, Todd Nenn. 84.14 , 88.6 (forms infl. by perf. of 1 do-tuit). co ndrochatar , Dinds. 78 ( RC xv 478 ).

Prot. co toracht , SR 6816 , etc. co torochd , LL 395b21 . co torracht , Aen. 1992 . co torreacht , Ériu ii 186.22 . -toirracht, BS 36 § 26 . na torrachtatar , Laws ii 294 . co tarrachtatar , Aen. 510 . o thorochtar , Laws ii 16 Comm.

Pass. subj. pres. conna torgethar , FB § 10 . ? maine torrgitear , BB 289a47 . Fut. dorostar, TTr.² 417 .

Part. torachta? Vn. toracht. IGT Verbs §§ 19 , 52 .

I Trans. reaches, comes to: nā cotail . . . noco torais in mBruig, Ériu vii 222 . antan doriacht sé an dorus, RC xxv 394 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tānic an dunad of those who had not reached or come to the camp, TBC-I¹ 3409 . co torracht mo chill, Anecd. ii 27 . dia Sathairn doruachtsat Ére, Leb. Gab.(i) 10 . doriachtadar an port, Ériu iii 170 . co torsed fuil formna fer, LL 221b20 . co toraig in laim dia luid returns to the hand that sent it (of a spear), Lec. 60a42 . With extension of meaning: cach comaithech asa tir dotroich (= do-d-.) whose land adjoins it, Corm. Y 1082 = doró chuige, LB. ni do biad doroachtamar we have not come for your food (but do perh. prep. here), TBC-I¹ 1172 . ní boi di thēte nā mellche isin domun . . . dodaroigsed that could come up to it (i.e. counter-balance it?), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co fester cia deach dona viii ndeachaib daroigh in aisti enters into the metre, Auraic. 922 . ollbardne ┐ cach ní dodaroich that pertains thereto, IT iii 41 . With accus. of cognate meaning: ni thoirchet mo dáil adiu dí ingin come not to my tryst, IT i 160 . mani thorasta mo dáil, SR 6321 . docēin doroacht do dāil, Fianaig. 10.11 . is tailcc doroachtar rēim hi Sleamon they have pursued their course, TBC-I¹ 3265 . Attains (a goal, aim); gets, acquires: nistoirchi in muicc fon innasin, IT i 101 . figuir in popuil doroiset in eolus in rechta núi, LB 251a16 . is la rig Laichis Reta . . . a cis ┐ a mbes na vii Laiches. nistoirchet gillae rig aile . . . acht gilla rig Laiches Reta, Rawl. 127b14 . With pers. obj.: dosroacht do chluichiu ōm thaig I came to play with them, TBC-I¹ 403 . is tú doroacht it is you I came to see, Ériu v 208 . domruacht tond fri trethan tracht, LU 3014 . domrúachtais arís, ZCP vi 266 . nirtora diliu the flood will not reach us, SR 2747 . dosrocht gorta garbda, 3397 . dorocht bás an ben, Ériu iii 150 . dobarró Conchobar will come upon you, TFerbe 97 . doforfua digal, SR 5483 . do-m-roich comes to me i.e. I get, obtain: bér(a)-sa am a ndomroig I will take what comes in my way, Trip.² 2835 . do-m-roched carpat let me have a chariot, TBC-LL¹ 754 , 5952 . dotrói buaidh ┐ bennacht may . . . attend thee, Moling § 3 . dotrīa buaid ┐ bendachtain, TBC-I¹ 2244 . dotrua comarda uaim, SR 6117 . dia namtorsed do bennacht, BB 278a34 . ni sēgda in leth donroacht dinn imirgi the half . . . that has fallen to us (?), TBC-I¹ 920 . domriacht bheith gan chéill it has befallen me to be, BS 120 .

II Intrans. comes, arrives ; synon. with do-tét, q.v. Absol. or with prep.: tairche, a Meadb come, RC xxiv 148 (tair, v.l.). toirche a bainliaig, SG 132.18 , 23 . doriacht Fergus ┐ tarblaing asa charpat, TBC-I¹ 2346 . ní ricfa ni torais you will not get there nor come back, Thes. ii 347 ( Hy. v 82 Comm. ). doriachtadar Gaedil sair go Rōim, ZCP viii 115 . ni caithiub biadh co tora mo Tigerna . . . cucum, Moling § 39 . maircc costora in rí, Anecd. ii 41 . Dún Tulcha costoraich mair, Ériu iv 150 . co toracht a chend dā chūl mhēighe came off the back of his neck, Ériu iii 168 . cin nī fiastar can doroigh bloach dondi is parn how the word `bloach' is derived from `parn', Corm. Y 1049 . co toirset firu Erenn . . . don fleid, MR 22 . doró . . . dot' iontsaighidh, ZCP x 288 . tori dom imdegail | hua niamguirm Neill, ACL iii 217 . dia tora Críst do mess for bíu ┐ marbu, Ériu ii 200 = LB 203b32 . go ttorracht fo breith Mochuda submitted to M.'s judgement, BNnÉ 294 . tuirigin . . . .i. gein torracht torroich as gach aigniud i n-alaill which passes from one nature to another (of metempsychosis), Corm. Y 1224 . doro at cenn do shena thy spell will come against thee, Lism. L. 2285 . baile ina tora tond tuili, ZCP iii 228 . co toracht F. isan oirecht, RC xxvi 134 . dia torsed for cúlu if he should return, Ériu iv 142 . co torsind imṡlán ar cúlu arís, LL 229a41 ( TTr. 893 ). is at' aighedhaib minta . . . doroisdesa bur cūla dorísi, ZCP viii 551 . toirche thairis 'speak of it', Giolla Brighde 204 § 2 .

Oft. in wide sense happens, arises, appears (esp. in pret. and perf. = Lat. exstitit): Silbius ainm cach rig o sin co toracht Romail until Romulus arose (i.e. till the time of Romulus), Lec. 299b50 . ó sin amach . . . noco toracht Cáin, Metr. Dinds. i 2 . co toracht Niall, Arch. Hib. ii 50 . aga bfuil fis gach a torracht ┐ nach torracht who knows all the past and future, BNnÉ 8 . doroich dom comes to me, i.e. I get, receive: acht co tora int ubull dam, SR 1263 . doriacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . doriacht beim o Finn di, CF 930 . dot mac is dott úa | ríge dóib dorúa, LL 306a5 . Ochtauín . . . doruacht dó co Roim ria ré | cis óir ó gach aenduine, Lec. 46b31 . doroich lim I succeed (in), manage (to): adgladar ríg ria rígh: doroich lium a innsci, ZCP v 503 . ní mó ná imtheacht doruacht lcó an tan . . . they had scarcely got off when, AFM v 1780 . Cf. further: hi cind deich mbliadan iarsin | doriacht la Fenius Farrsaid | in berla belblasta bind, Lec. 76a18 (= do-richt la, BB 9a19 , arricht la was invented by, LL 143a33 ). atteoch in dilgidach | domroi sech iffernphein . . . co ceolaib Hiruphin that I may win past the pains of hell to the choiring of the Cherubim, ACL iii 219 = Rawl. 107b12 (impers. constr.).

III Exact sense in legal texts not clear: bó la gach mboin tsláin do raigh .i. is na sétuibh cethardha cuna torachtuin fén, 26 . eniuclann d'ic re fine ┐ a torachtuin féin ┐ muna tora, O'D. 322 ( H 3.17 250 ). torrachtain [in dire] tre aisnéis na aithgina . . . ┐ . . . doroich an aithgin, O'Curry 2622 ( Eg. 88, 53 (54)a ). doroisi in séd cetharda féin annsin ┐ ni uil acht diablad ó doroisit budein ┐ isedh sin isna sétaib diabalta cia toirsit gin co toirsit, ib. = isna sétuibh diabulta cia toirsit féin cinco toirsit, Laws ii 68.16 . do roisi a lámh uadu fo gach leith, O'Curry 2428 (33 (34)d). lan arra dosli ┐ doroisi leis an gnim do denamh, ib.

See ad-roich.

do-róscai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-róscai or dil.ie/18396

Forms: dirósci, diróscai, diroscai, doroscai, duróscai, duroscai, dorósci, dorusci, doróisci, do-d-rósce, doróisce, do-r-róisce, doróscaigi, -derscaigi, derrsgaigi, derscaig, derscigem, diroscat, duróscat, doróscaitis, duroscaitis, doroscea, doroscat, duroscat, du-d-róscat, duro-scainn, dirosced, durosced, du-nd-rosced, doroscaimis, di-t-róscibea, duróscaibea, duroscaifea, duroscibet, duroscaifet, doróscaisset, daroscaigset, doróscichset, doroiscichset, diroscider, diróscaither, doroscaither, doroschither, duroscaibtar, du-n-dan-roscad, derscugud

v (di-ro-uss-scuich-, cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 618 ); later as simple vb. derscaigid, derscnaigid, q.v. Indic. pres. 3 s. dirósci, Ml. 57a1 , Sg. 42b2 , 3 . diróscai, Sg. 42a1 , 40a18 . diroscai, Ml. 133a4 , Sg. 40a17 . doroscai, Ml. 138c12 . duróscai, 114d1 , 115b16 , 134c4 . duroscai, 129b10 . dorósci, TTr.² 216 . dorusci, BB 491b41 . doróisci, TTr.² 1215 . do-d-rósce, 627 , LU 10827 . doróisce, 2467 . do-r-róisce (rel.) Trip. 398.2 . doróscaigi (contam. with prototonic form), TTr.² 1211 , 1213 . -derscaigi, Sg. 40a17 . ní derrsgaigi , IT iii 239.144 . ní derscaig , Alex. 848 , Anecd. v 2.28 . 1 pl. ní derscigem , Wb. 2a14 . 3 pl. diroscat, Ml. 66d12 . duróscat, 69a1 . Impf. 3 pl. doróscaitis, Ml. 136a7 . duroscaitis, 79c6 , 124d2 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. doroscea, Ml. 56a4 . 3 pl. doroscat, 37b14 . duroscat, 69a17 . du-d-róscat, 121a3 . Subj. impf. 1 s. duro-scainn, Ml. 41c6 . 3 s. dirosced, 58d15 . durosced, 129b13 . du-nd-rosced, 33c5 . 1 pl. doroscaimis, 32a21 . Fut. 3 s. di-t-róscibea, Wb. 1d21 . duróscaibea, Ml. 89c12 . duroscaifea, 139b3 . 3 pl. duroscibet, 84b1 . duroscaifet, 84b4 .

Pret. and perf. 3 pl. doróscaisset, Ml. 119d3 . daroscaigset, LL 235a38 . doróscichset, TTr.² 219 . doroiscichset, LL 399b3 .

Pass. pres. s. diroscider, Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). diróscaither, Sg. 42b1 . doroscaither, 43a2 . doroschither, Ml. 107b5 . Fut. pl. duroscaibtar, Ml. 87b4 . Pret. s. du-n-dan-roscad, Ml. 100b4 . Part. 1 derscaigthe. Vn. derscugud.

I Intrans. stands forth, distinguishes oneself, is conspicuous, pre-eminent; absol. or more oft. with prep. DI surpasses; gl. antecedere, Ml. 139b3 ; antestare, 69a1 , 84b4 , 89c12 , 114d1 ; eminere, 32a21 , 37b14 , 41c6 , 66d12 , 79c6 , 115b16 , 18 , 121a3 , 129b13 , 136a7 ; praecellere, Wb. 2a14 ; praeesse, Ml. 129b10 ; praestare, 56a4 , 57a1 , 113a9 , 134c4 , 138c12 . ni derrsgaigi nech hissind airecht none outshines the others, IT iii 239 . ní derscigem nech di alailiu we have no vantage one above another, Wb. 2a14 . ni bi fodord do neoch dib di arali, ar ní derscaig nech dib di araile, Alex. 848 = ni derscaig nech dib araile, Anecd. v 2 . doróscaisset maic Israhel donaib c(h)enelaib cocríchthaib, Ml. 119d3 . diróscai di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, Sg. 40a18 . ni derscaigi dind huiliu cheneul, 40a17 . is do ilib a cheneoil fēn dorróisce, Trip. 398 . dirósci comparit di comparit a comparative surpasses a comparative, Sg. 42b3 . poisit . . . ni derscaigh do ní. Superlait dno ni derscaigther di. Comparait immorro derscaighidh di neoch, derscaigther di the positive does not surpass anything; the superlative is not surpassed; the comparative surpasses something and is surpassed, Auraic. 694 . ata derscughudh di (sc. dind posit) it (the positive degree) can be surpassed, 688 . doróisci ar áni . . . di ócaib in talman, TTr.² 1215 . doróscaigi do láechradaib domain uile ar ánius, 1211 . cathair doróisce do ṡaidbrius ḟer talman, Alex. 414 = dor usci, BB 491b41 . ingen . . . roderscaig do mnaib Érend, LU 3715 ( SCC § 33 ). roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain . . . do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, FB § 1 . atait seacht n-ogha agamsa . . . ┐ ata aen ug and doderscaig dib uile, Aen. 214 . batar sech meic for .xl. la C. Doronad palas righda don mac roderrscaigh dibh, Marco P. 82 (possibly whom he favoured most, cf. II (b) below). asbert nád rabi for fertas in betha cumachta dodrósce de, LU 10827 (confusion of trans. and intrans. construction). With other prepp.: duroscibet . . . sech cech[-a?] ríga, Ml. 84b1 . roderrscaigh C. tar na .u. righuib aile, Marco P. 35 .

II Trans.

(a) surpasses, excels: ditróscibea . . . .i. bid ferr oldái, Wb. 1d21 . doroisce dōine Dubt[h]ach D. surpasses men, RC xx 152 = dorróische, LU 489 ; cf. Auraic. 5388 . desmirecht na deerci doroisce cech ndeeirc, MS. Mat. 614 ( LB 251b35 ). etach doroisce cach netach, Thes. ii 326 ( Hy. iv 10 Comm. ). in Spirut naob doroisce cech spirat, Lism. L. 1776 , cf. PH 3658 ; Anecd. ii 10 . int soilsi doróisce cach soilsi, RC iv 256 = LU 2467 . doróisce int ór cech tinde, PH 7018 .

(b) distinguishes, singles out, gives the preference to: bid amne ind eclas . . . feib dosrora [i]nn int ardrí, | uas cach maig rodasderscaig has exalted it above evey plain, SR 4423 . dia nderscaigind hí dona mnáib aili if I should choose her (i.e. Juno), TTr.² 378 . doroisc Dubthach a chumail dím prefers . . . to me, Lism. L. 1179 . feib radeligetar (amhuil rodearscaighid, Add.) a ndaer . . . de doeraib . . . fer ṅhErend, TBC-LL¹ 422 . an lucht derscaiges nó accobrus na rétta saoghalta seach na rétta nemhdha, RC xxv 392 .

dorus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorus or dil.ie/18427

Forms: doros, doros, dorus, doruis, dorais, doirseo, doris, doiris, doirsea, doirsi, doirsi, dorse, dorsi, doruis, dorais, torus, doirsi, doirsea, ndoirsea, doirsib, dorsib, doirrsech, dorus, doirsib

n u, n. later o, m. (cf. 1 dor ). n s. a nd.¤ , Ml. 132d2 . doros, Thes. ii 292.6 (Mil. Cod.) d s. don doros (: foss), SR 1180 . Usually dorus. g s. doruis, SR 357 , 410 . dorais, LL 200b58 et pass. doirseo, Críth G. 592 = doris, Laws iv 338.15 . doiris, i 144.7 Comm. n p. doirsea, Ml. 46a19 . doirsi, SR 8189 . cetheora doirsi , TBC-LL¹ 5604 . dorse, LU 9386 . dorsi, 2338 . doruis, SR 405 ; Triads 173 . dorais, LL 277a24 ; ZCP viii 108.13 . a p. fris na torus , Ml. 46a12 (see RC xx 114 ). doirsi, SR 412 , 2152 . voc. p. a doirsea , Ml. 46a14 . g p. inna ndoirsea (= ndoirse), 46a16 . d p. doirsib, 46a19 ; SR 358 . dorsib, Gild. Lor. 245 ; PH 6905 . In later lang. pl. occas. shows a guttural stem: g p. doirrsech, BCC § 296 . dorus m., IGT Decl. § 53 .

Gateway, doorway, opening or entrance (in earlier lang. usually distinguished from comla door-valve): gl. porta, Ml. 46a16 , Ir. Gl. 124 ; limen, Ml. 132d2 ; fores, Gild. Lor. 245 . dorus lis porticus, Ir. Gl. 580 . co rancatar . . . doirrsi Eamna, RC xviii 294 . co d.¤ na Trói, LL 238b5 ( TTr. 1601 ). tar doirsibh na Rómha, TSh. 3088 . isin stuag-d.¤ . . . don chathraig arched gateway, TTr.² 1129 . comla d'argut . . . cech doruis, SR 410 . tegdais . . . inna fil act oendoros, Thes. ii 292 . co d.¤ na huamhan, ZCP ii 24 . d.¤ an tuaim, ACL iii 310 . úaimh dorais a cave with an entrance (?), Imr. Brain i 63 . fert aendoruis d'fir . . ., fert co ndib doirsib for mnai, feart cen doirrsi . . . for maccu, for ingena, BB 403b34 (cf. TSh. 5766 ) = rath oendorais, LL 200b58 . for d.¤ a uaigi, PH 2932 . d.¤ in ádnacthi, 2965 . tre dhoirsibh élaidh an bhaile `postern doors', AFM vi 1956 . dorass na heguilsi . . . d'aonchloich amháin itir dī ursain is fordhorus, Fl. Earls 250 . d.¤ puple, TBC-LL¹ 1928 . More specifically door, gate (that which is closed): dorse ia[i]rn for cach slis, LU 9386 . dorsi glainidi, RC iv 248 . ita d.¤ orda for tempull in choimded, YBL 169a24 . rocuirset glas iarnaigi for doras na cubacla, PH 2952 . doirsib foriatta (dat. abs.) with closed doors, PH 6672 , 6685 , 6742 , etc. dorsib foriattaib, 6905 . doirsi na firmiminte, SR 2152 . co mba dúntai . . . doras na flatha nemda, PH 6906 . a d.¤ nime! (of Mary), LB 74a20 . dóirse ifrinn d'iadhadh orra, SG 15 . Aperture, entrance, passage in general: atáit nái ndoirsi ar Ghleann in Scáil passes leading into, Oss. v 48 . as amlaidh ata Glenn mB. ┐ ceithre doirsi ag an ngaoith ann, BS 22 . an d.¤ dorinne an t-aingel tresan teine, RC xxv 394 . ic iarraid a dorais trying to force a passage, TBC-LL¹ 5137 . gur bo doirsi debtha diancrechtacha bruinneada na mBretnach, MR 264 . senistri ┐ doirsi debhtha fair portholes (of a siege-tower), CCath. 1816 . t'iorradh daingen . . . nach éider aond.¤ air in which no opening can be found, O'Gr. Cat. 376 . cetheora doirsi . . . ar cach roth, TBC-LL¹ 5604 . muirlan glas cruind mór ┐ gan doras fair itir, acht 'na certle comchruind, GJ iv 88 ( D IV 2, 50b1 ). do bhris d.¤ ar a bhraghaid, Eochairsg. 102 . Med. le neichib togas lesa ┐ doirsi aran mball openings, incisions , 23 P 10, 150rb22 . doirrsi in c[h]uirp openings of the body, ACL iii 239 § 31 . tanic in bás tar doirsib mo chuirp istech, PH 7805 . ó-doirrsi éistechta ear-passages , MR 232 . coimhéad d.¤ mo phuisíneadh, Psalms cxli 3 . is ime sin tuites [in fuil] cum doruis na nadúire, 3 C 19, 183ra28 . Fig. ar bernadaib baegail no ar doirrsib aideda, BB 446a23 . as d.¤ báis beagshluagh, ML 104 . gurbho doras báis gach cneadh dhíobh, 132 . tri doruis gúa, Triads 173 . doras faghlama in fissin, IGT Decl. ex. 1140 . déanaid doras ar an obair enter on the work, Ó Bruad. ii 70 .

i nd.¤ (with gen.) in front of (see ZCP viii 348 - 9 , BBCS viii 20 ): tánaic óclaech iondoras lis, RC xii 78 . oc cros ind d.¤ lis, Mon. Tall. 151 . i nd.¤ lis, TBC-I¹ 445 (YBL) = i nd.¤ ind lis, LU. for beind chroisse i nd.¤ chille, LL 286b50 . co ndechur am' carpat a nd.¤ in lis, ZCP i 105 . ar in tiprait atá a nd.¤ na ratha, Acall. 4527 . atchonnairc carthe cloiche a nd.¤ in tsída amuich, 7802 . tarrasair in cenn i nd.¤ Hierusalem, SR 2238 . Crist rocrochad . . . i nd.¤ Ierusalem, Ériu iii 194 § 1 . troscem . . . i nd.¤ na cathrach, Thes. ii 311 = Trip. 418 . dia raibe F. ag proigept dona tuathaib a nd.¤ na mainistrech, RC xii 328 . isin oribert dobi a nd.¤ a phalais, Fier. 113 . an tobar bhí i ndoras na hinse, Keat. ii 3289 . in dorusa uerbi at the beginning of a word, Auraic. 1286 . ar d.¤ id.: co n-acadar in aelraith moir . . . ┐ cethror oclach . . . ara d.¤ , Ériu viii 157.4 = ina d.¤ , 15 . roscart maccu na curad . . . ar d.¤ a lis, TBC-LL¹ 949 . rachuir M. . . . cath fri F. for d.¤ Dúni Sobairchi, 2049 .

Compd. ¤bél opening, entrance, passage: im dorusbel na huamha, CCath. 4109 . d. uama, ZCP vi 102 . roléiged d. mór dó isin chath, Fianaig. 92 . d. mór chum na bésti, 66 .

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