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amail, amal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amail, amal or dil.ie/3057
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: amail, amal, amál, amail, amaltsa, amlut

Prep. and conj. like, as . Unstressed form of d s. of 1 samail ( GOI § 178 , § 826 . But rhymes and alliterates in classical verse, e.g. IGT Decl. ex. 607 ). As a rule contracted to am̄ in MSS. Archaic amail ( GOI § 168 ) ( Wb. 21c10 , 22c14 , both a prima manu, Críth G. 461 , Hib. Min. 188 ). Usual form in O. Ir. glosses amal ( Wb. 6a30 , 10c12 , Ml. 107c8 , Sg. 217a8 . amál, Thes. i 5.37 ). In later lang. amail. Leniting ( amal chlanda, Ml. 123c8 . amal chon-degam, 107c8 ). Glosses Lat. quasi, Wb. 11a11 , Sg. 9b11 , etc.; sicut, Wb. 2a11 , 6a30 , 14c17 , Ml. 34b6 , etc.; tamquam, Wb. 9a3 , etc.; uelut, Ml. 23c9 ; ut, Wb. 10d19 , 22c14 , Ml. 54a21 .

I As prep. with accus. For forms with suff. pron. see 2 samail. Note also: amaltsa, IT i 72.35 = amal tussu, 18 . amlut, TBC(C) 575 . Later somet. with independent pron.: amal tussu (supra), amhail é, DDána 116.5 . Eventually replaced by mar (see immar): amar (amal, v.l.), TTebe 929 . Cf. amair, Laws ii 202.9 Comm. See Bergin, Ériu xiv 142 . like, as, similar to: amal tuthle no ailsin gl. ut cancer, Wb. 30b13 . ní amal inní asóircc gl. non quasi aërem uerberans, 11a11 . amal nahí nadchrenat gl. tamquam non possedentes, 10b7 . amal in n-altain gl. sicut rasorium, Ml. 72b8 . amal in lochairnn ṅaḟfracdai gl. quasi lanterna, Sg. 24a16 . amal inna anman asrubartmar `like the nouns', 188a29 . amal na heliu, 9b2 . amál chócúll dercon no chno, Thes. i 5.37 . amal nathracha bodra sicut , 485.19 ( Tur. 11 ). amal airig ndésa, Críth G. 367 . intan mbete renna nime amail éscai ┐ éscai amail gréin, Ériu ii 200.18 . amal firu cathacha, Trip.² 803 . feil . . . docuiridar echdar corgus . . . amail chaindech `the feast of a saint that falls outside Lent, as for instance Cainnech's', Mon. Tall. 135.2 (§ 22) . amhuil a cinaidh féin `like his own crime', Laws iv 88.8 Comm. nocha tánic amail a samla . . . nocha tánic . . . buiden amail a lethide, Celt. Rev. ii 220.26 (omission before first amail?). amal aig n-allaid, TTebe 1881 . amhail gach nduine oile, TSh. 254 . With dat. amal ruithnib grene, TBFr. p. 15 § 3 . amhail cherdcadaiph, BNnÉ 71 § 123 .

In phr. amal sin, so, ṡodain thus, so, in that case see 1 sin, 1 so, 1 suide.

II As conj., freq. but not invariably with follg. nasalizing rel. clause ( GOI § 498 , § 505 ).

(a) As comparative conj. with verb in indic. as, like as: amal ṅguidess athir a macc gl. tamquam pater filios deprecantes, Wb. 24d19 . amal fondrodil in coimdiu do chách gl. sicut diuisit Dominus, 10a11 . amal nonda thorisse frissintectairecht gl. tamquam misericordiam consecutus sum, 10a28 . amal nát anse dúib, 17c11 . amal arindchrin dǽ ┐ asindbail gl. uice fumi, Ml. 57a10 . amal nach fuar fessin inneuch, 57d3 . amal as toísegiu grián . . . ┐ is laithe foilsigedar . . . sic is toissigiu, etc., 85b11 . amal as inna ngnimae gl. ut a sé profecto iure factorum, 17b3 . amal is na nassar gl. sicut Assiriorum, 54a22 . amal ṅ-dond-foirde ainmm `as a noun signifies it', Sg. 26b12 . amal addaas `as it is', Ériu ii 144 § 159 . amal as n-airdirc clearly, Trip.² 2066 . ro chí fora muime amal is bés do naídenaib, 115 . amail nach dentar dia domnaich `just as such things are not done on a Sunday', Mon. Tall. 148.3 (§ 55) . amail bis mes in feóir in ḟamfucht (sic) fa i ngemfucht `according to the appraisement of the grass in the hot or in the cold season', Laws iv 146.15 Comm. dligidh . . . / a bhrondadh amhail chuinghes, ZCP viii 109.13 . dobérthar . . . dia tuca tinnscra amal asbérthar, TBFr. 177 . as-bert in so huile amal rom-múin dó in fer, BDD² 168 . amail indises canóin, ZCP viii 114.2 . amail ba bes di . . . `as was her wont', RC vi 175.1 . amhail thógaibhthear an cháith uas an ghrán, Desid. 2918 . In later lang. combined with ┐, mar: amhuil ┐ chromas an géadh a cheann, Desid. 1923 . amhail mar stiúrionn ┐ mar oibrighionn siad, Corp. Astron. xxiv 10 . amhail ┐ mar atá, 2.7 . amhail mar do rinne Iudas, Donlevy 254.13 .

Folld. by second member of comparison (as . . . so): amal nondubcairimse carad cách uaibsi alaile gl. eandem caritatem habentes, Wb. 23c12 . amal nád robe . . . ní bia, 1d2 . amal as corp do crist æclesia is corp mulier uiro , 22c13 . amal as ndian . . . mbis is denithir sin . . ., Ml. 57c12 . amal durigni . . . dogena . . . `as He has done . . . so also will He do', 50d10 . amal fōides in naingel . . . doróiter dún . . . `as he sent the angel . . . may he be sent to us,' Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). amal soite a shlúaig úad soid a grád ┐ a gráin for cúlu, ZCP xi 86 § 45 . With follg. clause introduced by an adv. (samlaid, etc.): amal nadngaib lius di suidiu is samlid insin nisgaib som lius di . . . , Ml. 34b6 . amal rombói ingnae cáich is samlid . . ., 26b8 . amal fongníter ídil síc fogníther donaib ánib, Wb. 27b9 . amál nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis . . . síc ní déni, Sg. 63a17 . amuil is etarbach grech na cno faisi cen torad aici is amlaidh is etarbach na neiche sin do denam, Laws iv 36.17 Comm. amal do-rala . . . thall . . . is amlaid do-rala sund, PH 146 . amail adcondarcais misi co granna . . . ar tús ┐ alaind fadeoid, is amlaid sin in flaithius, RC xxiv 200.17 . amail teit . . . is amhlaidh sidhe as . . . so, Stair Erc. 499 . amal is e cet lá na sechtmaine in domnach . . . is amal-sin . . . is e is ochtmad lá . . ., PH 3585 . After compar.: is mesu andas amuil robui, Laws iv 156.12 Comm. do badh líonmhaire da n-édálaibh . . . inás amhail ro fhédsat a ttiomáin, Hugh Roe 88.8 (fo. 23b) . bá moa a n ainm ┐ a n oirdearcus inas amhail tangattar, AFM v 1848.z .

In PH with ellipse of verb. (cf. the Lat. construction): co mbí in t-í dobeir hí i n-a shímontaig amal in t-í gabus, 7595 . do thabairt ascad amal rig do as (on) a king, 2838 . fofhuaras duine amal mo chride a man after my own heart, 6479 . Prob. also in: me-si tra amal mo brathri tindnacimm mo chorp . . ., 6640 . Note also: amal alanaile ndoine gl. ut caeterorum, Ml. 54a21 , a literal transl. of the Lat.

(b) With impf. subj. in meaning as if, as though (in this constr. not as a rule followed by rel. clause, see OIPG 209 ): ro pridchad dúib céssad Críst amal ad-cethe `Christ's passion has been preached to you as though it were seen', Wb. 19b6 . is amal bid fri Crist frisorthe `it is as though ye offended against Christ', 10c12 . amal ninfessed cách et ronfitir calléic gl. sicut qui ignoti et cognoti, 16a2 . amal ni bimmis cutrummi frib gl. quasi non pertinguentes, 17b16 . amal ni cuimsimmis a denum gl. quasi [nos] infirmi fuerimus in hac parte, 17c18 . amal ni risinse do bar cosc si gl. tamquam non uenturus sim ad uos, 9a19 . amal nombemmis érchóilti gl. tamquam morti destinatos, 9a3 . amal fid a fondamtis gl. quasi longam famem passi `as (though) it were when they suffered', Ml. 34b11 . amal bid do íc a galair gl. velut in doloris solacium, 23c9 . amal bid ind aimsir feisin, Sg. 188a26 . amal ni bed ad and, 217a8 . amal bith do chonsain, amal as ṅ-dí `as though it were to a consonant, (or) as it is to it', 9b11 . amal bid oc caíned in guḟorgaill, Trip.² 87 . no lastais in aidche amal betis ruithni gréni, TBFr. 27 . amal ní acced is ní cloath ní `as if he saw not and heard not anything', Ériu iii 104 § 40 . amhoil búdh fear fiadhoigh thú, Desid. 3183 . With condit.: amhail do bhiadh gráin . . . aca air, TSh. 4255 . Later a.¤ ┐: amhuil ┐ do bheith riachtanas aguinne réna seirbhís, Desid. 5244 . The following may be elliptical, but could also be referred to I: otconnairc a gnúis amal aingel as (though it had been that of) an angel, PH 1313 . ni hairmither amal duin-orcuin do sin it is not counted as manslaughter, 4208 . atchīam-ne tú amail catharda díless hi neim, BColm. 106.6 . amal tofunn dotṡéstae as though it were a pursuit wherewith thou wert pursued, Ériu i 200 § 25 (supply bid?).

(c) As temporal conj. expressing simultaneousness, while, when: amal immind-ráitset con-accatar F. cuccu `as they were talking about it they saw F. coming towards them', Thes. ii 241.11 (Ardm.). amal batar ann . . . co n-accatar in tene, Trip.² 445 . amail notreigtis addurtaig `when they left the oratory', Mon. Tall. 132.12 (§ 12) . amal atib in dig nirbo chumain laiss F., LU 4030 ( SCC 48 ). amal batar and . . . ico'n ol, PH 76 . amal itcualae . . . H. . . . . a beth i n-oentuma, 834 .

(d) As explicative conj. with adverbial force how, in what state, manner; how in sense of (the fact) that: bá foderc dó . . . amal ro both and how things were there, LU 8219 ( FB 16 ). a scrutan i n-a menmain amal doragad airi, 8223 (17). ni chumaic . . . innisin inna n-airecht sin amal itát what they are like, 1997 ( FA 6 ). indēsad dáib madh āil libh / amhail fūaradar oidhidh how they died, ZCP viii 119 § 1 . atchifet amal digeltar forru, PH 2806 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . do ordaigh Tairrdelbach . . . do lucht túaisceirt amal no raghdais dia taig, RC xviii 55.1 (Tig.). ro indis in echtra ┐ amail dochuadar for iar[r]aid usci, xxiv 202.4 . innister dó amhail ro escain Espuc E. . . . in fled, MR 24.18 .

(e) Doubtfully causal in: amal is i lóu bad sochrud ar n-imthecht gl. sicut in die honeste ambulemus 'since it is in the day', Wb. 6a30 . amal is tre bar tabirtsi dochum nirisse gl. sicut et uos nostra (gloria) . . ., 14c17 . In both cases the use of amal is no doubt due to the Lat. sicut. Possibly also: amail is tre metur ro cet in chantaice, Hib. Min. 6.188 .

Miswritten (am̄) for amlaid (aml—) in: is amal ro-batar in corp ┐ in cend oc tepersain fola, PH 1881 . is amal bói I. oc ernaigthi, 2202 . is amal fo-s-gébtái it é eroslacthi, 3753 .

In IGT Introd. 2.14 , 33.6 in phrase samhlughadh amhuil of adjectives in -amuil derived from nouns.

crích

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crích or dil.ie/12912

 

Forms: críg

n ā, f. ?d s. críg, Ml. 131c10 (leg. cathraig? note).

(a) boundary, limit (of territory), end; aim, purpose, etc. (partic. in later lang.): honaib crichaib cammaib gl. obliquis sulcis, Ml. 2a7 (of furrow which marks boundary, see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 168 ). ba samla fri c.¤ in da chlod doriṅgensat roith . . . carpait C.C. furrow, LL 12808 . bieid crich fortimtherecht cacha dúlo gl. deinde finis, Wb. 13b28 . innacriche gl. limitis, Ml. 37d7 . tri deligud innac.¤ , 11 . cona tiagat taracricha corai (of waters), 51d3 . rasaig ac.¤ cuccai `their boundary extends to it', 102a8 . c.¤ gl. ωρα, Sg. 9b12 . gl. limes, 66b4 (see n.). muir dar críchu a flood, TBC-LL² 4493 . isedh is crich ann, gort feoir no arbair, no ard-urchur flesca ┐ tri deisceimann o tire tuaim . . . no comadh é bu crich ann, cenn in baile ┐ na .iiii. guirt atta nesa dó, O'Curry 2330 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)d ). óthá c.¤ drommo nit. cuglais tamlachtæ, Thes. ii 238.8 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). co ndichet tar c.¤ , Críth G. 29 . in cloch criche boundary-mark , Laws iv 8.7 Comm. doragad dochom críche (of Cú Chulainn), LU 4830 (TBC). dodechaid iarom c.¤ mór ond loch distance(?), LL 14043 . nech nát comfa in domnach . . . ina críchaib córib `within its proper boundaries', Ériu ii 194 § 8 . eter dí crich in dómnaig, LB 204b11 . go ttangador criocha deiridh don lo soin i.e. evening, ZCP x 290.32 . rotuilsit . . . in aidchi sin co crīchuib na maidne till dawn, ZCP xiii 240.5 . dothuitetar . . . a crīchaib in c[h]omlainn (used for alliteration?), Fianaig. 64.21 . ní-co fil c.¤ for a flaithius, PH 1809 . co crich do bais, ZCP vi 26.24 . críoch a riaghla is nár anois `that their rule has come to an end', Bard. P. 5.10 . críoch ar gciunais `the consummation of our peace', Arch. Hib. i 96 § x . guais do chách críoch a faghla ` outcome ', O'R. Poems 3450 . mór críoch a shuirghe aim , Aithd. D. 95.12 . crioch ar ccomhraidh uain̄ fa fhód object , Rel. Celt. ii 240.13 . do b'í an chreach-sain críoch ar leoin peak , DDána 79.8 . ag moladh bhar ccríche maithe = resolution, RSClára via . an chríoch dhéidheanach final end, TSh. 725 . ga mhēid crīoch dhēidheanach ann? A ceathair .i. an bās, an breithiomhnas, ifrionn ┐ flaitheamhnas, Parrth. Anma 5962 .

In phrases meaning act of completing, fulfilling, etc.: críoch do chur ar an suirghe, A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 13 . smúaineadh gan a chur a cc.¤ , Bard. Synt. Tr. 210.6 . a chur a gc.¤ uile = the whole disposing thereof, Proverbs xvi 33 . do bheir sé olc chum críche, 30 . chuige sin . . . do thabhairt chum críche, Párl. na mB. 255 . táinig an aisling sin i gc.¤ do Chormac `this vision was fulfilled in C.', Keat. ii 4665 . go ttáinig gach nídh do thairngair Fíonán do chum críche, ZCP ii 558.16 . do-chuaidh críoch ar an gcunnradh `has been carried out', Aithd. D. 21.2 .

(b) confines, territory, district, land (in sg. and pl. See Ériu xxii 162 ): hifar crichaib fadisin gl. finibus vestris, Ml. 115b10 . intseuit bite hí cách c.¤ , 122a4 . cacha críche condelg `to every territory its covenant', Celtica vi 237.21 ( ACL iii 226.16 ). tar nos crichi no cana, Laws v 254.7 . comhadh cách a chríoch, Ériu xiii 20.9 . líth línass crícha, Fél. Sept. 9 . an can criocha im ghalail (sanchán crícha im Galail, Ed.), Blathm. 26 . im cert filid tar crich crossing a territory (border?), Laws i 184.17 . i críchaib cíana comaidchi, MU² 220 . do ḟascnam a crichi bunaid, RC xxiv 178 § 8 . i crichaib echtrand, CRR 6 . imthecht a crich n-ecailsi hi crich tuaithi, Ériu ii 202.2 n. dorigne c.¤ claidim di swordland, SG ii 464.26 . críoch Cuinn (poetic name of Ireland), Mart. Don. xxxix 4 . críoch fhionnchorr Éirionn, SGS iv 140 § 9 . ro fagaib . . . cricha na Greige, Stair Erc. 1375 .

In n. loc. see Hog. Onom. In n. pr. Fer dá ch.¤ , Fél. Aug. 15 .

Compds. With nouns. T. M. / is mín críochbhuird, Ir. Syll. Poetry 55 § 7 . do chlíu nad chliss crichbrugi Macha, LL 14222 (rhet.). ó chríochbhun an dá chomhairle ultimate basis, DDána 70.1 . teine í . . . chraos-shloigeas go críochcaitheamh = usque ad perditionem, TSh. 7958 . mendudai ┐ críchdoirsi a námut frontier passes, Alex. 200 . im chricheasbaid a chuigid `circumscribing', MR 110.7 . tír dúthaigh chláir chríchfhionnMhonaidh, DDána 89.6 . fa críochḟorba ḟear nÉireann (of Ireland), Content. xxx 19 . do b'é críochrún a gcagaidh, DDána 121.15 . With adjj.: i ttimcheall Chaisil chríochbháin, Top. Poems² 1194 . Banbha . . . badh críochcoganta, DDána 89.9 . ríogha Crúmhthainn chríchfheadhaigh, Top. Poems² 816 . do'n chined choitchenn crich-fhuinedach `western', MR 294.26 . caith-chrios . . . crioch-niamhtha, xiv 3 . fa chnoc gcríochruadh gC., DDána 111.39 .

See críth.

do-tét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-tét or dil.ie/18490
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: taet, táet, taet, toet, táit, táit, dothéig, dotét, dotet, dutét, dothét, totét, tothét, dothéit, tothéit, totheit, do-théid, dotháet, dothaet, dothaed, totaét, tothaet, totaet, dotoet, dothoet, tothóet, dotaot, dotháod, do-n-aot, toaeth, dothaéti, doteiti, táet, taet, frisa-taet, tait, thaét, thaed, taét, dutiagat, tuthegot, dothiagat, doíagat-side, doíagat, dothaégat, tótháegat, dotiagat, rathaegat, ro-(ra-)thoegat, toegat, tuidchet, dadigthet, dothéged, dotheged, dotéiged, dotheiged, dotheided, dutéigtis, doteigtis, totegtis, dotheigdis, tāigtis, dotias, dotéis, dotes, totais, totaisiu, dothéi, doté, tái, tae, thaisid, dothaiset, taessat, dotaesad, totessed, taised, taesad, dothaistis, tocus-sa, thuidchis, thúdchaiss, tuidchis, do-d-decha, dodecha, dodadecha, dodeocha, tudaich, dodechsat, dodichset, dodigset, dodigsid, tuidchiset, ndigesta, dodichsed, tui[d]chesmais, do-n-dichsitis, doreg, to-rrach, torach, do-nd-riga, dorriga, dorega, terga, tirga, duregam, tergam-ni, d-a-regaid, tergaid, doregat, durigat, thergainn, -terced, doraga, doragha, targa, targai, targa, doragut, toragat, targaitt, targtha, doragad, dorachad, thargad, ttargadh, targtais, tairgtis, dolud-sa, dolod, dolot, doluid, dolluid, tolduid, dulluid, duluith, doluide, doluidi, dolluide, túlaid, tuluid, tulaid, contuilid, contuilid, tolid, tolaid, luid, dulodmar, dolodbair, dullotar, dolotar, doloddur, tollotar, dolotatar, tolotatar, tultatar, taltadar, dalotsam, dolluidset, dodechad, dodecad, dodechod-sa, tuidched, tuithched-sa, dodechad, tudchad-so, tuthcho, dodechuid, dodechaid, dodeachaid, dodeachaig, thuidchid, thuithchid, thudchid, tudc[h]ith, tauthchaid, thadhchaid, do-n-dechommar, dudechummar, dodechamar, dodechobair, tudchaibair, tuchubuir, du-n-dechutar, dodechadar, con-tuthchatar, ttudhchatar, tudhchator, dodeochad, dodeochad-sa, dodeochaid, dodeochabair, dodeochatar, s-, do-dechadus, dodeochadas-sa, dodheochadus, dotiagar, dutiagar, dotíagar, duthiasar, dothiastar, doraghtur, dodechas, cosa-tuidches, taetadh, dotaetadar, dotaetsatt, dotoetsat, thaethsadar, taetsat, theichseadar, dodechad, do-deachad, tisad, thudchadh, tudchad, tudchais, tudhchaidset, targus-[s]a, targa, dargamar, targa, doragad, dodloutar, dolotur-sa, dolluthir, tuidechta, tuidecht, do-tét, doluid, dodechaid, deisiul, túathbiul, taet, dotiagar

v (* to-tiag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 645 . See also Ériu xii 227 ff .). Ipv. 2 s. taet, SR 5991 . 3 s. táet, TBC-I¹ 1339 LU; FB § 31 . taet, Thes. ii 359.4 . toet, BNnÉ 94 § 207 . táit, TBC-LL¹ 95 . 2 pl. táit, Ml. 34a1 ; Wb. 25c14 ; FB § 5 ; Imr. Brain ii 285.11 (toet, v.l.).

Indic. pres. 2 s. dothéig, TBC-I¹ 39 LU; Ériu i 116 § 4 . 3 s. dotét, Sg. 108a3 . dotet, 158a3 ; Ml. 22d9 , 53a8 ; TBC-I¹ 1040 YBL. dutét, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.13 ); Ml. 22b1 . dothét (rel.), 46a7 . totét, Thes. ii 251.7 , 9 ; Fianaig. 38.4 . tothét, TBC-I¹ 1021 LU. dothéit, 311 LU. tothéit, BDD § 71 . totheit, TBC-I¹ 719 LU. do-théid, 576 . dotháet, BDD § 73 , 126 (common form in TBC2 LU). dothaet, SR 5963 . dothaed, TBC-I¹ 2359 . totaét, 1006 , 1245 (both LU); TE § 13 LU. tothaet, TBC-I¹ 1040 , 1248 , 1285 (all LU); BDD § 62 . totaet, Anecd. iv xi 16 . dotoet, Gild. Lor. 2 . dothoet, TBC-I¹ 289 , 531 , etc. (common form in YBL). tothóet, FB § 53 . dotaot, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 26.8 , cf. AFM iii 326.9 . dotháod, Mon. Tall. 127.15 (forms with diphth. áe, óe due to influence of prototonic forms; cf. also do-n-aot, Hugh Roe 300.11 . toaeth, Lib. Flav. i 26vb15 ). Rel. (in imitation of téite) dothaéti, TBC-I¹ 1577 LU = doteiti, YBL. ní táet , Sg. 159a3 . ní taet , 197a4 ; Thes. ii 253.7 . frisa-taet, Sg. 213a10 . ní tait , Ml. 109d5 . ní thaét , TBC-I¹ 208 LU = thaed, YBL. airm i taét , TBC-LL¹ 1583 . 3 pl. dutiagat, Ml. 45d12 , 103b16 , 111c9 . tuthegot (rel.), Cambr. 38b ( Thes. ii 247.17 ). dothiagat, FB § 53 . doíagat-side (dothiagadside, v.l. ), LU 4964 ( TBC-I² 532 , see note). doíagat ... do Cholptu (dothiagad, v.l.), LU 5380 ( TBC-I² 1017 ). dothaégat, FB § 20 ; BDD § 153 ; TBC-I¹ 198 LU. tótháegat, IT i 138.10 LU = dotiagat, Eg. Note also: rathaegat, TBC-LL¹ 5097 . ro-(ra-)thoegat, 4926 , 5120 . toegat, RC xii 424 § 7 .

Perfective pres. 3 s. ní tuidchet (sic leg.), AU 783 . o dadigthet , ZCP iii 454 n. 27 (v.l.).

Impf. 3 s. dothéged (rel.), TE 9 LU; Imr. Brain § 61 . dotheged, TBC-I¹ 165 LU. dotéiged, TE 11 LU. dotheiged, TBC-I¹ 2937 . dotheided, Ériu iii 142.229 . 3 pl. dutéigtis, Ml. 108b1 . doteigtis, Corm. Y 1233 = totegtis (?), LL 179b8 . dotheigdis, TBC-I¹ 3428 . co tāigtis , Ériu ii 100 § 4 .

Subj.

(a) Pres. 1 s. dotias, Wb. 1a7 . 2 s. dotéis, TBC-I¹ 1301 LU. dotes, Ériu viii 122.14 . totais, ZCP xiii 256.11 . totaisiu, TE 11 LU. 3 s. dothéi, Wb. 13a12 . doté, Ériu vii 241.8 . nád tái , Sg. 26b7 . ni tae , YBL 92b1 . 2 pl. ceni thaisid , Ml. 33b15 . 3 pl. dothaiset, FB § 87 . co taessat , LU 6785 ; BDD § 31 . Impf. 3 s. dotaesad, TBC-I¹ 2877 . totessed, LU 7133 ( BDD § 81 ). co taised , Ml. 121b1 ; TBC-I¹ 2909 . taesad, BB 378b17 . 3 pl. dothaistis, LU 6962 ( BDD § 60 ).

(b) Pres. 1 s. ? ni tocus-sa . RC xii 78.10 . 2 s. ní thuidchis , BDD § 16 = thúdchaiss, Eg. dia tuidchis , YBL 130a44 ( Anecd. i 8 ). 3 s. do-d-decha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.), Hy. v 81 ( Thes. ii 346 ). dodeocha, Ériu viii 122.17 . ar na tudaich , LU 9536 . 3 pl. dodechsat, O'Dav. 627 . dodichset, ZCP xiii 23.24 . dodigset, Fél. Ep. 24 . dodigsid, Laws iv 126.z Comm. dia tuidchiset , BDD § 131 (tuidchet, LU). Impf. 2 s. co ndigesta , Trip.² 276 . 3 s. dodichsed, Sg. 18a4 . -tudchissed, , Anecd. iii 58.2 . 1 pl. con tui[d]chesmais , Ml. 93b5 . 3 pl. resiu do-n-dichsitis , 104c5 .

Fut. 1 s. doreg, Wb. 7d15 ; SR 1279 . ? to-rrach, TBC-I¹ 1624 (torach, LU). 3 s. do-nd-riga, Wb. 25a38 . dorriga, 25b28 . dorega, Ml. 28a10 ; SR 3343 . ní terga , Wb. 17c4 ; TBC-I¹ 1241 . ni tirga , Ml. 121a17 . 1 pl. duregam, 80d10 . ni tergam-ni , 107d11 . 2 pl. d-a-regaid, Ml. 33b15 . ní tergaid , Trip.² 2150 . 3 pl. doregat, Ml. 61a13 , 111c14 . durigat, 106a4 . Condit. 1 s. ní thergainn , Trip.² 1200 . 3 s. ? -terced, Anecd. ii 18.17 . In later lang. with stem dorag-, targ-. 3 s. doraga, TBC-I¹ 2422 , Trip. 60.2 , etc. doragha, ZCP xiii 167.5 . targa, SR 3631 . ni targai (leg. targa?), AU 886 , cf. SR 4498 . 3 pl. doragut, PH 7054 . toragat, Moling § 50 . ? na targaitt , Leb. Gab.(i) 254 . Condit. 2 s. ni targtha , TBC-LL¹ 1803 , cf. 1883 . 3 s. doragad , FB § 8 . dorachad, Marco P. 142 . nī thargad , TBC-I¹ 336 = LU 4827 . co ttargadh , Leb. Gab.(i) 8.25 . 3 pl. na targtais , SR 6775 . ni tairgtis , ZCP viii 110.2 .

Pret. 1 s. dolud-sa, LU 1840 . 2 s. dolod, LU 10244 ( dolluidi-siu, 10241 ). dolot, TE § 5 Eg. ZCP iii 233 . 3 s. doluid, Tur. 131 , cf. Ml. 55c1 . SR freq. also dolluid. tolduid (= tolluid), Mon. Tall. § 67 . dulluid, Ardm. 18b1 . duluith, Thes. ii 291 . Rel. doluide, ZCP iv 45.23 . doluidi, xiii 6.18 . dolluide, Imr. Brain § 64 . co túlaid , Trip.² 706 . a tuluid , 895 . co tulaid , TBC-I¹ 3665 . ? contuilid, 2772 . ni contuilid , Mon. Tall. § 61 . nico tolid , § 60 . co tolaid , Anecd. i 10 . Cf. ua luid , BB 208a50 ( Todd Nenn. 182 ). 1 pl. dulodmar (dolotamar, v.l.), Imr. Brain i 48.6 . 2 pl. dolodbair, LU 1599 . 3 pl. dullotar, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.17 , 24 ). dolotar (doll-), TBC-I¹ , CRR . doloddur, Mon. Tall. § 7 . tollotar, Ériu iii 136.32 . dolotatar, TBC-I¹ 2736 . tolotatar, RC xiii 223.50 . con tultatar , Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 240 ); Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ); Mon. Tall. § 60 . ni taltadar , Lec. 285a12 . Also occas. with s-forms: 1 pl. dalotsam, RC xiv 62 § 77 . 3 pl. dolluidset, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.9

Perf. 1 s. dodechad, TBC-I¹ 1611 , 1593 . dodecad, SR 1817 . dodechod-sa, Trip. 106.9 ; TBC-I¹ 2118 YBL. dia tuidched , Wb. 10a28 . i tuithched-sa , SG 317.16 . 2 s. dodechad, SR 3094 . dia tudchad-so , TBC-I¹ 458 YBL. canas tuthcho , RC x 224 § 15 . 3 s. dodechuid, Ml. 16c5 , 44b6 , 126b10 ; Sg. 199b1 . dodechaid, Imr. Brain ii 292.1 ; SR 1302 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 1241 YBL. dodeachaid, 3373 . dodeachaig, YBL 174a28 . ní thuidchid , LL 275b9 . ní thuithchid , 19a15 . ní thudchid , RC viii 150 § 2 (LL). conna tudc[h]ith , TBC-I¹ 1445 LU. ní tauthchaid , 1605 ; BDD § 66 (th.). ua thadhchaid , BB 39a31 , cf. Metr. Dinds. ii 34.94 . 1 pl. do-n-dechommar, Wb. 24c17 . dudechummar, Ml. 111b4 . dodechamar, SR 7965 . 2 pl. dodechobair, Trip.² 1114 . dia tudchaibair , FB § 66 . dia tuchubuir , IT iii 239.123 . 3 pl. du-n-dechutar, Ml. 111c14 . dodechadar, TBC-I¹ 3196 , 3362 . con-tuthchatar, LL 1790 . co ttudhchatar , AFM ii 692.4 . tudhchator (rel.), Leb. Gab.(i) 218 . Common with ¤eo- in first syll.: 1 s. dodeochad, SR 3097 . dodeochad-sa, Ériu ii 104 § 14 . 3 s. dodeochaid, SR 4170 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 3476 ; BDD §§ 156 , 157 , 166 . 2 pl. dodeochabair, Rawl. 142b8 . 3 pl. dodeochatar, SR 5450 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 153 LU; BDD § 83 . With s- ending: do-dechadus, Ériu i 134.7 . dodeochadas-sa, SG 256.25 . dodheochadus, BNnÉ 302 § 10 .

Pass. pres. s. dotiagar, Wb. 6a29 ; Thes. ii 292.19 . dutiagar, Ml. 101c6 , 7 , 116b5 . dotíagar, Trip.² 2313 . Subj. s. duthiasar. TBC-I¹ 1136 . dothiastar, Ériu vii 6.35 . Fut. doraghtur, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.27 . Perf. dodechas, Imr. Brain i 41.3 . cosa-tuidches, Sg. 199b1 .

In later lang. a number of new (artificial?) forms based on the various old stems appear.

(a) Ipv. 3 s. taetadh, Ériu i 114 § 1 . Pret. 3 pl. dotaetadar, Lib. Flav. i 26va49 . ? ma as dotaetsatt , Laws v 138.15 . dotoetsat na lega co Tadg, SG 326.3 . cor thaethsadar (taetsat, theichseadar, v.l.) rompo ina tor, Todd Nenn. 46 .

(b) Subj. impf. 3 s. amail dodechad , Fianaig. 66.13 . mar do do-deachad (sic), Lib. Flav. i 34ra2 = amal tisad , PH 844 . do thudchadh , Leb. Gab.(i) 72.17 . co tudchad , SG 233.35 . Pret. 2 s. ima tudchais , SG 256.19 . 3 pl. tudhchaidset, Leb. Gab.(i) 26.12 .

(c) Subj. pres. 1 s. co targus-[s]a , PH 624 . 3 s. no go targa , Lib. Flav. i 37ra44 . Pret. tara dargamar romhuinn, 35vb25 . Cf. also: ca tír as a targa hast thou (has it?) come, MR 72.10 . doragad used to come (go), Corm. Y 323 .

(d) Subj. pres. 1 s. cissi conair dodloutar (dolotur-sa, v.l.), Toch. Em. § 67 ( ZCP iii 250 ). Cf. also dolluthir (perh. pass.), LL 285a23 .

Vbl. of necess. tuidechta. Vn. tuidecht. IGT Verbs § 8 .

(a) comes , of motion towards the speaker, or person or place thought of. In Lat. Lives nearly always corresponds to venire; cf. Auraic. 141 : venite .i. tait (taoit, 2429 YBL). In later Mid.Ir. superseded by do-icc, which replaces it in later versions of early texts (e.g. TBC-LL¹ 95 , 1583 , 2706 St.), and somet. glosses it: dodeachaid .i. tainic, ACL iii 14 , 18 (gl. on Trip. 44 , 58 ). tudhchaid .i. tainicc; tudhchadar .i. tangadar, O'Cl. In earlier lang. used freq. in opposiion to 1 téit, and oft. in sense comes back, returns: intan tét a laithe . . . dotét iarum imthanu aidche, Ml. 21c3 . téit in banchorr isin fairrgi . . . co tóet cona heisínib essi, Triads 237 . can dodechad? cid notheig?, SR 3094 . can dodechamar ille . . .? cia dú cosatiagam de?, 7965 . i ndecimbir . . . luid Noe for tonnaib dilenn, i quint kalainn Mai . . . doluid for sleib Armenia, 2616 . forrogellsat . . . noragtis i tír nEgept, co brath na targtais dia tig, 6775 . is cet cia thái, cet cia théis, ZCP iii 37.18 . regat a leth día tuitched (tuithced, MS.), Ériu i 116 . cech leth naragdais, ni tairgtais demna, ZCP viii 110 . co lotar for beolu Mileadaig ┐ ní tudcadur iarsuidiu, Lec. 206a38 . tait as, taeit ind (said by doorkeeper to those who enter and leave), Corm. Y 860 . taet neach uaib ar mo chend-sa, TBC-I¹ 2140 . dutéigtis cucum intan nombíinn hi sóinmigi, Ml. 108b1 . in spirut nóeb chucunn . . . taet . . . co hopunn, Thes. ii 359 . nach fer doteiti chucaib, TBC-I¹ 1577 . táit limsa dom dísiurt, Imr. Brain ii 285 . cid formna fer nErend dothaistís latt, rosbíad failte, BDD § 60 . dolotar ar ceand loingse mac Milead . . . ni taltadar mnā leo, Lec. 285a12 ( Todd Nenn. lxxi ). forofāccaib Dia lind co ndig(s)esta-su do praicept do Gōidiulaib, Anecd. iii 31 = co tista-su, Trip. 444 . in tan doraga [Críst] do mess for beou ┐ marbu, PH 5011 . isbert, bá do chuingi Étáine doluidh, ZCP v 524 . roboi i[c] coitsecht frisin forcetul co tolaidh a máthair for a iarair, Lat. Lives 37 = Trip. 66 ( co toluid. túlaid, Trip.² 706 ). a tuluid Patraic for muir . . . do ascnam Erend, dotaet escop M. ina diaid, Trip.² 896 . tairpthech do ndechuid hastily had he come, 1515 . is bladach dodechadar, TBC-I¹ 3362 . is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, 3196 . is mor . . . a luas dothet, RC iii 183 . ní tergam-ni isin bethaid frecndairc iterum we shall not come back, Ml. 107d11 . resiu dondichsitis as in dōiri, 104c5 . doluid in biail arithissi ar chenn in[na] samthige, Tur. 131 . Cf. adbert A. frisna techtaire tudecht dia tich to return home, Mon. Tall. 162. In: ni terga for culu, Wb. 17c14 ; and: ná tait for culu, 25c14 , the idea of returning may account for use of do-tét. Of things: dothaegat lasrai teined asa mbēlaibh, Ériu ii 130 . co táet fuil flann fonn fo étnu, ACL iii 297 § 52 . ní thoet guth in son let not voice enter thy speech (of silent prayer), RC xv 491 , cf. Thes. ii 253.7 ( Stowe M. 65a ). creit do Dia . . . ar na tudaich tond talman torut, LU 9536 . ni thaudchaid nél dar gréin, BDD § 66 . doragha duit ceó dar a rosgcaib, BColm. 92 . Of time: ō doraga aimser lobtha, Laws i 108 Comm. immon samfuin dothaet next Hallowe'en, RC x 220 § 8 . oidqi hSamnoi dotaet, 224 . in ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad the season following, ZCP viii 175 .

(b) Fig. of mental and abstract relations: ní tait Dia fo tairṅgere cometh not under a promise (i.e. goes back on?), Ml. 109d5 . dotiagat for cairddi `they come under the interterritorial regulations', Laws iv 322 . cēn roba beō, ni tauthchaid a brū for cōir his stomach never came right, TBC-I¹ 1605 . ní berat fír brithemnachta etir in n-áis dutiagat inna reir who submit themselves to them, Ml. 103b16 . ní ba cor cia dodichset nadhmann ┐ ratha inn should enter into it, ZCP viii 23 . dollotar i n-armgrith fell into a panic, TBC-I¹ 1784 . comhainm in laithe dodeachaidh a seilbh na hespogōide came into possession of, Fl. Earls 100 . fobíth aurthig na nóeb dodeochaid etorro the covenant . . . which had passed between them, ZCP viii 316 . ní thargom tar a n-ordugud, Ériu iv 152 . With adj. as complement: saor ó a dteangthaibh ní tharghais you will not come off unscathed, Content. vii 9 .

(c) comes, ensues, takes place; appears, arises (of persons, consequences, events): sona dotaet a loan happiness comes out of fat, Ériu vii 240 . dothet imbas iar mbuais inspiration comes after (follows) knowledge of the art, Corm. Y 148 . a ndomnach doraga in brāth, Ériu iii 144 . ní ḟeadadar-sain cuin doraghadh an diliu, BB 22a32 . is é ní dia targha in sīth suthain, Aen. 2756 . tudcatar airdheana aighthidhe adhuathmhara, AFM i 370 . ? Felix ba mad tuluid, Fél. July 12 . ni targa a tir Maine ōglach bud fearr, ZCP viii 229 . is é doragha re ré | macámh Mhuighi Muirtheimhne who will come in his (due) time, xiii 167 . ní tháinic i nÉrinn . . . ┐ ni tharga . . . díoghail amhlaidh, AFM ii 734 . gabsat sé ríg . . . for hErind ó Ollom ain . . . ní thuithchid nech eturru six kings reigned in unbroken succession, LL 2361 . rige duit . . . ┐ dot sil it degaid | cen tudecht etrut without any other line breaking thy succession (`without quarrelling'), RC xx 142 .

(d) Various uses with prepp. With AR is (goes) surety for: dodeochaid aurthach Bréndain ar Chiarraigiu, ZCP viii 315 . doté(i)t aitire ar fer feras in fuil an `a.'goes surety for, Críth G. 52 . hits upon, contrives: dús cinnas doragad ar imchossáit Ulad, FB § 8 . cinnas doragad ar imchossait na mban, § 16 . amal doragad airi, § 17 . With AS comes off, escapes: conná tudchith nech dib i mbethaid ass, TBC-I¹ 1445 . With DE comes from, arises or develops out of: dotoet torcc mór do orccan, Trip. 468 . ní thaét mo dingbailse dib-so they are not (will not prove) my match, TBC-LL¹ 1123 . anda lim . . . dorraga ní don macsin something will come of that lad, Mon. Tall. § 61 . dothoet oinmit de-seom he is proving himself a fool, Ériu v 28.y . delb in Chruimm d'ór dodechaid was made of gold, Imr. Brain ii 303 . With DO comes to, accrues to: amal dundechutar doinmecha dúnni . . . doregat dano soinmecha dun, Ml. 111c14 . indmas domuin dotrega thou shalt have, SR 3343 . ní taurga ndam báa nde, Anecd. i 42 . dodheachaidh maith dhamhsa dhe, BS 6 . With FOR touches on, mentions: is form féin doreg, Wb. 7d15 . ní for torbe n-imdibi doteit, 2a3 . for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotét híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair, 26b7 . dothiasar fair ma atchoise neach duib it will be a subject of conversation if anyone tells (leg. atchói or atchoised?) it to you (?), TBC-I¹ 1136 . comes or falls on, happens to (in good or bad sense): tolduid taurtaim fair a trance fell upon him, Mon. Tall. § 67 . dorega pain forru . . . .i. doberthar pian forru, Ml. 28a10 . co tudchid rath De fair, Ériu v 34 . doraga ferg Dé fort mullach, Trip. 60 = it m., Trip.² 617 . fonascair fair can tudecht forsin slog not to attack, TBC-I¹ 1477 . Cf. ni mait[h]em n-anacail ┐ ni trocaire rodechad (rodécad, v.l.) forra no mercy was shown to them, CCath. 5767 . do-thæt ind enlaith deiginach fair 'the last flock takes it up', TBith.² 193 § 73 . With FRI goes with, applies to, is incident to: fri `finxit' fochetoir dotet á `singulatim' the `singulatim' is construed with `finxit', Ml. 53a8 . ni taét comsuidigud fri rangabáil composition does not occur with a participle, Sg. 159a3 , cf. 158a3 , 4 , 197a4 , 213a10 . cisse comairce dotaot frim? what is my safeguard? Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 . ata naidm dogní gnim raithe; naidm son dothe fri giallu, ZCP xiii 24 . Cf. don fechemuin fris-taig the party against whom thou art guarantor (?), Bürgschaft 28 § 76 (cf. fris-tēt, 24 § 67 ; leg. ¤taít with v.l.?). Opposes: ri side as amram tic Erind co tudchaid fri Ruadhan, YBL 136a18 . ní tuidecht frit' forngaire, SR 3798 . ? Cf. Laws iv 32 Comm. : can ēlod do lēcod im a cáindliged .i. apaid nā troisci ce dodechaid fris `though he was fairly met (by an offer of arbitration)'. turns to, takes up, practises (with RE): dalluid Find ra héicsi n-aird, Fianaig. 46 . ar dūthchus a māthar dodhechaidh sidhe re héiccsi (of the poet Fland mac Lonáin), ZCP viii 110 .

(e) Oft. used of indef. motion and in Mid. Ir. freq. in meaning goes (motion from place or pers. thought of); this is esp. common in later texts with the pret. forms doluid and dodechaid, do- being looked on as sign of past tense: tait-si round ┐ ragsa far ndiaid go on and I will follow, TBC-I¹ 992 . táet nech uan d' ḟarcsi maige M., 5144 . cia doragad risin tectairect sin? who would go on that message? CRR 8 . ind deichmaid uathaid escai . . . doluid Nae andsan airc . . . et i sechtmaid fichit sa mis cetna . . . dodeachaid aiste, Lec. 542b25 . conā feis cia dū dodechaid whither she had gone, Mór M. 262 . dodheachaidh G. do sheilg . . . ┐ ba sí conair dochuaidh, BS 44 . Often with REME, etc. goes on, advances: dothaod roimhi ina rēim roretha, BS 4 . doluidh roime ar amus a thíre, 122 .

(f) Rarely trans.: occas. with cogn. or instrum. accus.: a ndorigne do ḟertaib ni fail dune doddecha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.) there is none who can tell (lit. come to, attain it), Hy. v 81 (with gloss .i. doene a tiachtain; see note Thes. 80 ). Cf. also: ceni thaisid ar ois, daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 (with infd. neut. pron.). is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, TBC-I¹ 3196 . issnib colnidib tuthegot duguthrigi (leg. dagathrigi) who come to good repentance, Cambr. 38b . tothaet meis fóaimsera `judgment goes with good times', BDD § 28 (but cf. O'Cl. : dothaod meas fó aimsera .i. téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsear). ni thargai (leg. targa?) Temru turu . . . fer fo Mael to Tara's towers there will not come, AU 836 = ní targa i tTeamhraigh tura, AFM i 536 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `a day for every parcel of land to which it comes' (of water), Ériu xvii 70 § 10 ( Laws iv 214 ). dodeochad-sa (dodechas, dodeochusae, MSS.) aiccept I have come to a lesson, Ériu v 32 . din tuidecht dundechuid Crist hi tech inna sacard the coming wherewith C. came, Ml. 44b1 . cach conair dolluid in ben, Metr. Dinds. iii 30 . ní tharga in chonair chōir, RC xi 42 . dodeochaid huide fata, SR 5697 . dodeochatár a cétna n-ude (sic leg.) a Cruachnaib, TBC-I¹ 153 . dodechotar sel mór, ZCP ix 191 . targa fortacht De for tóir will come to your succour, SR 3631 . In the follg. the orig. form of the noun may be d s. deisiul, túathbiul: ní thuidchis deaseal Temrach, BDD § 16 . dothē desell in brogo, ZCP iii 214 . totaed deissiul Sencan, Anecd. iv p. xi . mad tuaithbel dodeocha, Ériu viii 122 .

(g) In impers. constructions. Act. with DO of pers.: taet as itir lāe ┐ aidche dūn chena, ol A., co rīsem Cuailgne let us set out (ipv. 3 s.?), TBC-I¹ 829 . condocorostor asin (leg. isin) loch . . . co tulaid dō ass co luan came out of it, 3664 . Note also: dot-luid i mbernai armo chenn-sa, ScM. 13 (see note). See Celtica ii 216 and cf. tánic de . . . coa maí fessin, LU 3267 ( SCC § 6 ). Pass. denúas dotiagar hisa tech . . . sis . . . dotiagar ass the house is entered from above, Thes. ii 292 . iar ngrad cháich dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg they come to welcome, Ml. 116b5 . dotíagar uad do chuinchid ind ḟíacla he sends messengers to seek, Trip.² 2313 . dotiagar ōn rīg dia n-agallaim, RC xxiv 144 . dodechas ó Áedán co Fiachnae ara tísed dia chobair, Imr. Brain i 41 . dodechas ō Maine cuice do cuingidh na muice, Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ). In O.Ir. glosses with FO is construed as: cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar it is construed both actively and passively, Wb. 6a29 . is fo forṅgartaid . . . dutiagar á manifestare the (word) m. is construed as an imperative, Ml. 101c6 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar they are construed ablatively, 106c3 .

1 dús

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dús or dil.ie/19294

 

Forms: duús, dúus

( do ḟius, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 136 ; duús, Wb. 5b20 , dúus, 9b19 , 26b27 ) conjunction folld. by dependent question to see, to find out (if, whether, etc.): noscrutain-se . . . d.¤ in retarscar cairde nDæ, Ml. 91c1 , cf. 87c4 . d.¤ in nad-n-utmaligetar gl. utrum . . . non nutent, Thes. ii 4 ( Acr. 10c1 ). 239 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fegait-se for caircha dus in marat ule to see if they are all there, 336.5 ( Hy. v 35 Comm. ). condessamar in n-ubull . . . dus in fír mar atbeire, SR 1268 . dus in fagba sliab, 2551 . dochúaid Ionothán immach . . . d.¤ in rathaigfed Dauid, 6152 . tabram fíanláech do seilc fair dus in tairsimmis a baegul, TBC-I¹ 1650 . faitsine do denam doib dus in bud shoraid a séd, MR 60 . cuirid cuairt dūn dus hi (= in) fogbar tech dūn, IT i 137.18 (Eg.). rogab in cetne salm d.¤ cia atrebea isin chathraig to learn who will dwell, Ml. 35b24 . ceist cid immeráidfem? Ní ansa. dus cia cumachta as treisiu fil for talmain, YBL 138a25 = dus cumachta, LL 282a47 . conniacht Medb comarli dus cid dogēnad fri C., TBC-I¹ 1656 . ro imráid B. inna menmain d.¤ cinnas doragad , FB § 8 . With dá for in: luid Boand . . . d.¤ dá tairsed in tiprait, Metr. Dinds. iii 36 . With notion of expectancy: nā scarad frisin fer d.¤ in ríctar tria gnaissi until it be seen whether he can be saved, Wb. 10a3 . an-su i ḟoss d.¤ in tibre Dia ní duit (= expecta donec), Lat. Lives 83 . a ingen, fói la Eogan d.¤ in biad ríge Muman uaim-se, SG 314 . arnā ructhar ind ēit desin . . . dus in tair cobair ō Ultaib foo until we see if help comes, TBC-I¹ 1141 . asbeir . . . dús asks: asbert-side frie d.¤ in dénad do chobair anma a cēli asked her whether, Imr. Brain i 42 . atbert fris dus ind aithcomraictis banscale fris asked him whether women took counsel of him, Mon. Tall. 150 .

The specific meaning of dús is often obscured and it is used (with in, cia, etc.) to introduce a dependent question (= whether, who etc.) after vbs. of asking, seeing, etc.: iarmoracht . . . d.¤ imbat imarcidi laissim inquired whether he held it allowable, Mon. Tall. 137 . co ro iarfaig-se do R. . . . dus inna rabái étach acci asked if she had not a garment, Hy. v 82 Comm. rofiarfaidh C. dúss cid rombádar na dúile, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 16 . dia deicsin dus in bruithe in tarr to see if . . . is cooked, Corm. Y 825 . dia fegad d.¤ in rosmarb ind neim, Hy. iv Pref . co n-accad d.¤ cía las-mboth scíth to see who was weary, TBC-I¹ 154 . So with do ḟius: messi tarlaic dia ḟis d.¤ in diriuch m'urchor, TBC-LL¹ 1185 . fóidid Cuchulaind Loeg dia fis (do fis, LU) scēl dūs cia c[h]ruth mbotha isin dunad, TBC-I¹ 1572 . tiagar chucca do fis scēl dūs cid rochāinsid, RC xxiv 149 .

With follg. co to denote expectation or purpose: boi in phailm . . . cromm, dus co n-abrad fria ergi in tii atbert fria cromad waiting till he who had told it to bend should tell it to rise, LB 141b54 . isí comhairle doróine M. dul do Róimh d.¤ co scribha[d] a beatha innti to the intent that there he should write his life, SG 29.8 . With nách: dēntar carpat becc libh . . . dus nach faicet na tuatha in fén mór so that the people may not see the big wain, BNnÉ 94 .

imm-rádi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-rádi or dil.ie/27906

 

Forms: imradim, imrádaim, imrordaimse, immeradisiu, imradi, imrordai, immeraiter, imradam, imrádat, imráid, imráidem, immeraidtis, nisnimrade, immerada, arnachaimrada, immimrorda, immarádat, immeradin, imradad, imusráidhfi, imraidfem-ni, immindráitset, immerordus, imrordaiss, immeroraid, immunrordad, immerordaisset, imratid, imratib, imrádid, imradim, imrádud

v indic. pres. s 1 imradim, Sg. 155b3 . imrádaim, Thes. ii 230.17 (Pcr.). perf. imrordaimse, LU 8914 (FB). s. 2 immeradisiu gl. pertractas, Ml. 43c4 . s. 3 imradi, Wb. 17a13 . perf. imrordai, Thes. ii 229.32 (Pcr.). pass. immeraiter (sic leg.), Wb. 14c22 . pl. 1 imradam ni, Ml. 93a5 . pl. 3 imrádat, Wb. 1d7 . ipv. s. 2 imráid, TBC-LL¹ 6013. pl. 1 imráidem, Ériu i 68.5 . impf. pl. 3 immeraidtis, Ml. 61c12 . subj. pres. s. 2 nisnimrade, Ériu i 201 § 26. s. 3 immerada, Wb. 23b24 . arnachaimrada, Ml. 51a1 . perf. immimrorda, IT i 57.58 . pl. 3 immarádat, Wb. 28c1 . impf. s. 1 immeradin, Wb. 14c23 . s. 3 imradad, Ml. 41a4 . fut. s. 3 imusráidhfi, Fianaig. 16 § 46. pl. 1 imraidfem-ni, IT ii2 208.12 . pret. pl. 3 immindráitset, Thes. ii 241.11 (Ardm.). perf. s. 1 immerordus, Ml. 96a3 . s. 2 imrordaiss, Fél. Nov. 13. s. 3 immeroraid, Sg. 197b15 . pass. immunrordad, Wb. 20d10 . pl. 3 immerordaisset (MS. immerodaisset), Ml. 90d16 . Part. adv. ind imratid gl. de liberalitate, Ml. 82b8 . Verb. necess. betis imratib gl. in his reuoluendis, Ml. 96b16 . Later as simple vb. imrádid i.

(a) trans. and intrans. thinks (of), reflects (on), meditates (on), considers, plans: asbeir i tossug as mug, imrádi iterum conderna gnímu moga gl. hoc cogitet iterum apud sé, Wb. 17a13 . imrádat imráti cid maith as déntí `they think thoughts,' 1d7 . nip sain a n-asberat et immarádat, 28c1 . asrochoili ┐ imradi condib sainemail nanní labrathar, Ml. 35d22 . reil fora mbrethir on á n-andach immerordaisset (MS. immerodaisset) `the iniquity which they have meditated is clear from their word,' 90d16 . amal immeradad gl. diliberans, 68c18 . lasse immerordus in aidchi when I had meditated in the night, 96a3 . is di chéin immunrordad condan maicc togu from afar have we been considered so that we are sons by election,' Wb. 20d10 . (intrans. with do) ní imradat dun bethaid frecndairc `they think not of the present life,' Ml. 107c1 . amail immindráitset conacatar fiacc find cuccu `as they were thinking of him they saw Fiacc Find (coming) towards them,' Thes. ii 241.11 (Ardm.). cor' himraided a ailiugud trit-sin `it was proposed to accuse him on that account,' Fél. 40.18 . cibhed imraidi do rad whatever it be that you contemplate saying, SR 1209. Crist i cridiu cech duine immimrorda, IT i 57.58 . conid de imrordaimse | a chomraind ni dlig therefore I consider, LU 8914 (FB). ro imráid Bricriu inna menmain dús cinnas doragad ar imchossaít Ulad, 8106 (FB). imráidset nípád ansu Cu Chulaind acht tuctha a cletíne airi, LU 5801. o náimráided Miliucc indas noastfad intii Patraic, Lat. Lives 59.14 . noimraided a menma dogrés ina mainistrecha his mind continually meditated on monasteries, 87.8 . imusráidhfi neach ... reicne Fotha[i]d Canainne `some one will remember,' Fianaig. 16 § 46. dingēbat in mnái dít connacht-imrāidfe etir `so that she shall no longer think of you,' RC xiii 379.14 . uathad crāibdech umarāidet Dīa, ZCP iii 29.6 . in t-ainm an uair imraiter `when it comes to mind,' Metr. Dinds. iii 414.10 . imráidset techt día déicsin na hindse, RC ix 482.3 . roimraid Lurint dul na degaid L. was thinking of going after him, Anecd. iii 73.3 . aprad Símón in ní imráidim-si uair ro-fitir Dia imráti na ndoine, PH 1768.

Folld. by oc with reflex. meaning: ro imraidset macrad Ulad i nEmain Macha oco, LU 5903. ro-imraidh-sim aici cia teglach a rachad considered (debated) with himself, ZCP i 103.18 . ro imraid Grigoir oca fein cid diamboi in lucaist, RC xlvi 228.7 . roimraidset acu imgabail [anforl]aind, Ériu viii 10.9 . doimraidsedur acu fen Ere dindsaigid, 16.25 .

(b) treats of, discusses, mentions, commemorates: imradim gl. tracto, Sg. 155b3 . a tairbert hí forathmet inna persine immeroraid riam `bringing again into recollection of the person that he has spoken of before,' 197b15 . frissaní immeraidtis hua briathrib `to what they used to say in words,' Ml. 61c12 . slúag már immerádi `the great host which thou commemoratest,' Fél. Dec. 20. bēs nī brēg immarāide `perchance it is no lie thou sayest,' Ériu ii 26 § 9. imraidit co hEimeine mBán ... im deracht they consult with E. Anecd. i 40. 12 . manip ar fodord ... ratir acht is ar airchisecht ... indii immarather if it be out of compassion the words are spoken, Ériu vii 162.8 . ēicsīne ... coibnesa dontí imrordus ēimh `a relative of the man above mentioned,' ZCP vii 305.10 . ní imrordusa for Echaid aní sin co se, LU 10900. Conchobar mac Nessa ... imráter sunda for Ultaib `he is here recorded (as king) over Ulster,' Ériu iv 22.1 . immaroraid fria muntir anísin he discussed that matter with his people, TBFr. 13. in rom-imraidse Conchobar ritsu? `has Conor spoken to thee about me ?,' RC xiv 418 § 34. nir himráided riu in chaingen `they were not spoken to touching the business,' TMoméra 158.22 . imraidset a himdibe ina faithchi sin `they discussed the curtailing of that green,' Ériu iv 124.6 . gidbe no imraided Críst ina fiadhnoisi whoever used to mention Christ, Aisl. Tond. 120 § 1. imthusa fer n-hErend imarter sund, TBC-LL¹ 568. ite in da sen imraiter sund, Laws i 36.25 Comm. imthusa Congail imraiter againd athaidh ele, MR 166.7 . níor hiomráidheadh san Róimh ribh | díochur na gcliar ..., DDána 72 § 4. iomráidh é le hiomad gráidh `speak of Him with exceeding love,' Aithd. D. 75. 39 . iomraidem ... a reimsi `let us declare ... their period,' Leb. Gab.(i) 172.22 . imráiter do mention is made of: imrāiter sunn do aidedaib na prímflatha, ZCP iii 19.39 .

(c) sends: imraidfem-ni ┐ Medb nech úainn co Ailill Find do chobair dúnn, IT ii2 208.12 . imraidhfemne .i. cuirfim, O'Curry 1308 (< H 3.18, p. 603b ).

Vn. imrádud.

3 má, ma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 má, ma or dil.ie/31164

 

Forms: ma, mai, mad, ma, mararubart, ma, matchím, matchí, mani, mini, mane, mana, maine, meni, min-e, -a, mun-i, -a, masam, massat, masat, másat, mas(s)u, masa, maso, mas, más, manid, matu, madam, madham, mainba, munbáam, madat, madit, mádat, mad, manip, menip, minab, munab, mat, mainbet, manibat, menbat, menbadat, mad, mainbad, mainbed, manibad, manibbad, manipad, manibat, manibed, menbad, manbad, munbad, matis, ma, maniptis, má, muna, má's, máiseadh, madh, munab, mun-, mur-, murab, mura, mur, mur, ma, manas, masad, masdod, munid, manid, manip, munab, má, masu, manibad, mainbad, mad, mad, má

conj. if. Synopsis of forms in O.Ir. and Mid.Ir. (forms found only in latter are enclosed in square brackets):

A. With vbs. other than copula: ma (Glosses): má, Ml. 85d6 , freq. in Mid.Ir.; mai, AU 617 ; [mad]; folld. by deuterotonic verb-form; lenites follg. cons. (but cf. ma rrufeste, Wb. 9c8 ) and sometimes prefixes h to follg. vowel. Elision before follg. a is rare: mararubart (= ma ararubart), Ml. 112b5 ; matchím if I see, TBC-LL¹ 3357 , matchí if thou seest, 3353 = TBC-I¹ 2592 , 2587 . With neg.: mani; mini, Wb. 9d1 ; [mane, mana, maine, meni; min-e, -a; mun-i, -a].

B. With copula:

(a) folld. by indic.: pres. 1 s. [ masam, CCath. 596. ] 2 s. [ massat, LU 6971 = BDD 62. masat, PH 4708. másat, BS 100.13 .] 3 s. mas(s)u. masa, Ml. 108a16 , 118a5 . maso, SR 3497 (mafo MS.). [mas, más]. (neg.) manid. 3 pl. matu hé, Wb. 2c14 .

(b) folld. by subj.: pres. 1 s. [ madam, Acall. 800. madham, CCath. 4210. ] (neg.) mainba, Wb. 17c10 . [ munbáam, Acall. 1071. ] 2 s. [? madat, TBC-I¹ 2641 = madit, TBC-LL¹ 3442. mádat, TTr.² 1801. ] 3 s. mad; (neg.) manip [menip, minab, munab]. 3 pl. mat, Wb. 28c21 , Sg. 189b4 , CRR 5 , Laws ii 324.6 , 362.25 , 382.2 (all text). [ madat, ZCP viii 217 § 2. ] (neg.) mainbet, Wb. 11c5 . manibat, Ml. 24c1 . [ menbat, LL 265b36 = MU 26.27 ]. impf. 2 s. (neg.) [ menbadat, RC xiv 426 § 47 ]. 3 s. mad (?). (neg.) mainbad, Wb. 4a20 . mainbed, 6c31 , 9b19 . manibad, Ml. 134b3 . manibbad, Sg. 17b8 . manipad, Mon. Tall. § 4. ? manibat, Trip. 78.18 . manibed, SR 4129. menbad, 4643 . manbad, LU 3771 = SCC 34. [munbad.] 3 pl. matis, Wb. 11a22 . 5b15 . Ml. 73d1 . 40c17 ( ma atis). (neg.) maniptis, 73d1 .

Mod.Ir. forms: má, (neg.) muna. With cop.: má's (mé, tú, é, etc.), máiseadh; madh (early Mod.Ir., now obsolete); (neg.) munab; in some dialects mun- becomes mur-: murab eadh, Luc. Fid. 325.10 ; mura mbeith, 259.5 ; mur bhfuil, 262.18 . mur ttaisbeunair, 284.1 .

I In O. and Mid.Ir. used in protasis of a conditional statement, if ; with neg. if . . . not, unless ; folld. by (A) indic. for a present or past condition, (B) pres. subj. for a future condition, (C) impf. subj. for a remote future or unfulfilled condition ( Thurn. Hdb. § 890 ).

A. With indic.:

(a) with vbs. other than copula. In O.Ir. when the follg. vb. has no infixed pron., ma infixes -d-, see Thurn. Hdb. § 425 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 537. ma chomalnit a ngrád . . . ma ru-d-choiscset a mmuinter if they fulfil . . . if they have corrected, Wb. 28c7 . ma du-d-esti ní . . . íccfidir if aught is lacking . . . it will be made good, 25a30 . ma du-d-ell ní if he has stolen aught, 22b7 . mani-d-chretid esséirge Crist . . . nib-noíbfea for n-ires if ye do not believe, 13b19 . ma du-d-rignius ní if I have done aught, Ml. 23c27 . rot-bia onóir ma fíraid duit . . . ind fissiu do fuaslucud, SR 3355. ma ro sárugus do smacht, 1403 . ma thecait Ulaid, ní theciub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5019. ma ra-charais . . . fǽ lais if thou hast loved him, 4561 . má thánic a thrath, 3629 . ma do-s-gní Dia feirg fri re mbicc . . . dogēna ar comdidnad iarum, PH 6637. ma daronus-[s]a bar n-osaic-se, 5269 . mad cretid Crist, atber!, 448 . is peccad . . . do neoch cen aíne do dénam . . . mad conicc, 6029 . munob (mánop LU) gaib far nglindi unless your bonds hold you, TBC-I¹ 1515. at meirb mani-d-frescai thou art weak unless thou hope for it, Fél. July 19 . mani-d-cuala if thou heardest not of him, June 13 . mani chumaic nech iat do dénam, PH 4697

With the subst. vb. the form fil is used in 3 s. pres. in O.Ir. ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 641 ), but tá is common in Mid.Ir. ma nu-dub-feil i n-ellug coirp Crist, adib cland Abrache, Wb. 19c20 . ma nud-fil etir á foraithmet if there is any memory of them, Ml. 107d12 . ma nod-fil fer i nhEre, ZCP viii 311.34 . má ta nech icon cloich thall, SR 6157. ma tá ocaib 'sin dun . . . ┐ mani ḟail, TBC-LL¹ 1765. ma ta cumachta latt, PH 3871. ma tá ceol a nim, cid nach biad i talmain?, Acall. 3484. manas-fuil os an seolchrann if it is not above the mast, Leb. Gab.(i) i 256.

(b) with copula (generally used to emphasize some member of the conditional clause). masu du réir spirito ataaith if ye are subject to the Spirit, Wb. 20b16 . massu cut séitchi ro cretis . . . manid co séitchi ro cretis, 10a29 , 30 . masa choimdiu if he is lord, Ml. 108c16 . masu ed sluindes ind rann if this is what the part of speech expresses, Sg. 27a11 . maso ḟír . . . for ṁbith iarmui do Abram, tucaid uaib etere if it is true that ye are A.'s descendants, SR 3497. más co mbaraind debtha totháet, FB 46. mas iat benas in fid, TBC-LL¹ 1398. masa thú | demin limm isat lomthru, 3659 . masa mac Dé tu, slanaig tu fén if thou art the son of God, PH 2864. masat mac Dé iar fhír, apair . . ., 4708 . matu hé ata horpamin indí ro chomalnaiset recht if those who have fulfilled the law are heirs, Wb. 2c14 . masat Herennaig ┐ menbat allmaraig, isat Ulaid, LL 365b36 = MU 26.27 . mástat [= másat] carait . . . mastat námait, FB 84 = masad . . . masdod, ZCP iv. 172.33 . manid innonn forcital linn unless our teaching is the same, Wb. 17b32 . manid caindleóracht in tige as áil duit do chosnam, FB 92 = munid ZCP iv 175.20 . ni cian bai hIssau ic seilgc | manid gáu dó . . . mochthánic astsleib . . . mas e thuc in sére-se, SR 2866 , 2868 . The 3 s. ind. form manid passes early out of use, giving way to the subj. manip (minab, munab): mas o Dia ata in fhís-[s]ea ┐ minap togoethad diabuil, PH 1542. minab lór lett a n-abair . . . dféch thuas, 7639 .

B. With pres. subj.

(a) with vbs. other than copula. is deid som ma arí in fer-so maní n-airi immurgu ní deid if he find this man; if however he find him not, Ml. 30d24 . ma dugneu, 23c24 . mani bée dechur isint senmuim ni tucatar inna rríara, Wb. 12c43 . mani-s-mbe bethu suthin unless they have eternal life, 13b20 . mani eple de if he die not of it, Sg. 181a5 . ma ro-m-thoicther-sa . . . mani-m-rothcaither, Thes. ii 293.6 ( SP i 5 ). ma dorontar ón if it can be managed, Mon. Tall. 52. mani-mbé sēt sīrhettla, meni tabra dilgud dam, SR 2086. mani thetarrais issin chetforgam, ni thetarrais co fescor, TBC-I¹ 650 (LU) = maini tetarrais, YBL. mono thæth in ḟirmimint . . . nó mani thí in ḟarggi, TBC-LL¹ 5975. manu thisat, 4271 . moni digsid ass . . . no-bor-mairfither, IT i 75.3 . mairg dobeir seirc do duni | mene-s-tarda dia airi, SCC 44. mine rab déirc accum unless I have charity, PH 5910. mine fhacur-sa slicht na cló . . . ní chretiub unless I see, 6694 .

(b) with copula: mad hinunn a n-etargnae in chetnidi ┐ in dirṡuidigthi bid hinunn randatu doib if the notion of the primitive and that of the derivative be the same, they will have the same particularity, Sg. 188a7 . mad in chruth sin beithe if ye be in that wise (gl. pacem habete et Deus . . . erit vobiscum), Wb. 18b16 . mad marb duini . . . do chumaid . . . bid marb Iacob if any one should die of grief, SR 3601. mad hi cein . . . menip cían, 6125 , 6127 . mad nóeb ar-id-lega if he who recites it be holy, Fél. Ep. 178. mad ḟorum-sa bus róen, TBC-LL¹ 3750. mad iat fir Herend bes and, CRR 11. mád co féirg dothí C. . . . is amlaid coto-méla-ni, FB 52. mad amlaid seo dechsam d'airitin chuirp Crist (=si . . . accedamus ad hanc coenam sanctam), PH 5353. mat hé na briathra-sa forcane if these be the words thou teachest, Wb. 28c21 . mat anmann adiechta emnatar and is écen coma-comol if nouns adjective be doubled there a conjunction is necessary (but not in other cases), Sg. 189b4 . mat ruanaid if they prove valiant, CRR 5. ní torbe la suidib [precept] manip sulbair unless it be eloquent, Wb. 8a12 . mad aire chuinces sin . . . ┐ manip ar daig lessa, PH 7990. munba deóin le Righ na rann . . . munbo cairnech in craidhe, ZCP vi 268.11 , 12 . manibat fer[r]-som de (gl. si non . . . fecerit meliores), Ml. 24c1 .

The form mad (madh) continues in use in early Mod.Ir.: madh fírinneach . . . comhrádh an duine . . . madh bréagach, TSh. 1777.

C. With impf. subj., generally corresponding to an impf. subj. or conditional in apodosis and sometimes with force of pluperfect.

(a) with vbs. other than copula: ma nubed if it existed, Sg. 31b21 . ni tibertis piana foraib mani esersitis if they did not rise, Ml. 15c7 . ma doruirminn if I should recount, Fél. Ep. 128. (with tmesis) ma ro loídib lammis if we dared in lays, ib. Fél. Feb. 27 . meni bethe ar in tṡluagud-sa . . . doraismis Ultu if thou wert not in this hosting, TBC-LL¹ 766. monu thiastáis if they should not come, 4277 . mina chredind-se he . . . nis-cuirfind techta if I did not believe in him, PH 449. muna mbeith acht an aonghamhnach istigh were there but one stripper in the house, Keat. iii 2757. With pluperf. force: ba miscuis atroillisset . . . mani thised trocaire if mercy had not come, Wb. 4c15 . ma rrufeste ní gētte if ye had known, ye would not snatch, 9c8 . mani thorasta mo dáil . . . no bíad Nabál cen anmain if thou hadst not come to meet me, SR 6321. ni boi i nnim . . . dúl tísad frind, mine thísad Lucifer, MacCarthy 62.5 = LB 112a11 . mina báitea-su mé . . . nis-bíad pian form hadst thou not drowned me, PH 8258. With cond. in late text: ma ragad cliar dimdach de `if a company went grumbling from him', Ériu iv 214 § 10 (gé bheith v.l.).

(b) with copula: mad forṅgaire dognein, docoischifed pían a thairmthecht if it were a command I gave, Wb. 10a27 . ní bad samlaid son mad on chetnidiu nobed this would not be so if it were from the primitive, Sg. 207b2 . mad ed asberad . . . is ed rogigsed if he had said . . . this is what he would have prayed for, Ml. 32d5 . mád do Laegaire . . . tisad ág . . . no sirfed hErind, SCC 29. ni ráncatar som less a scríbint mainbed díar nertad ni they have not needed to be written unless it were to strengthen us, Wb. 6c31 . docoith dígal forru: matis tuicsi ní rígad if they had been elect it would not have come, 11a22 . matis mu namait dudagnetis ┐ maniptis mu charait dudagnetis had it been my enemies and not my friends that did them, Ml. 73d1 . is é in claideb dobéraind . . . menbadat [sic leg.] aide if thou wert not (my) fosterer, RC xiv 426 § 47. munbud coll crabaidh . . . robo gairit linn t'accallaim-si if it were not a breach of piety, Acall. 127. In follg. instance, mad appears in combination with an absolute form of the copula: adubairt an Díabul ris, mádh bo mac Dé é arán do denum dona clochaib, Maund. 91.

II Special uses of má+copula.

(a) masu ed if it is that, if so is used in Sg. to express doubt of a foregoing statement; 21b6 , 50b13 , 124a1 . In later Mid.Ir. sometimes with force of a concessive particle = if so, in that case, then , or to introduce a contrasting statement: glosses igitur, BB 299b28 . sluindfet a thri buada cech ócthigirn . . . Tri meth octhigirn massed `on the other hand', Ériu ix 46 § 12 = LL 147b23 . Common in mod. lang.: is ón tTighearna atá imtheacht an duine; cionnus fhédus duine maiseadh a shlighe féin do thuigsin? how then can a man understand, Proverbs xx 24. gion go bhfuil an teine-se síorraidhe, maiseadh is iongantach an truime atá innte (=etsi non sit aeternus, miro tamen modo gravis est), TSh. 3999. tar ceann go dtugthar Scotia d'ainm ar an gcuid úd don Bhreatain . . . maseadh foillsighidh Beda go ngairthí an t-ainm sin d'Éirinn nevertheless , Keat. ii 5868.

(b) manibad (3 s. impf. subj. cop.) often appears folld. by a subst. in elliptical sentence, if it were not . . ., but for . . . ; cf. Wb. 9b1 : minibed croís ni bíad etrad if there were not gluttony. manibed Moísi . . . óenfer díb nā faicbed beo that, had it not been for Moses, he would not have left one man of them alive, SR 4129. manbad omain Dé . . . no berad leis cenn Saúil but for the fear of God, 6393 . minabad do shnadad, robtis do reṅga rigthi, TBC-I¹ 1182. munbad Conall . . . ropad forainne bad róen, CRR 56. ní biadh iffern . . . minbadh mé there would be no hell . . . but for me, Ériu iii 148 § 4. manibat ainmnet . . . nutscaílfeth cumachta Dé `but for my (? God's) patience', Trip. 78.18 (but cf. reading in ACL iii 20.4 : mani bit ainmnit .i. ciuin). With pres. subj.: ni thánic . . . fer bud amra manip [manipad v.l.] do chruas save for thy hardness, 120.4 . Cf. mainbad fororaid in rí had not the King lent aid (?), Hy. v 32 , with gl. mani fortachtaiged T, mani fured F; edd. Thes. ( ii 335 ) connects mainbad with follg. line.

(c) in older language when the subject of a vb. in 1 pl. is analysed as `thou and I', the formula: mad tú if it be thou is used, the 1 s. pron. being already implied in the vb. (see KZ xlviii 51 ). dia mbamur mad tu leis ic foclaimb bindiusai when thou and I were with him, ZCP iii 249 § 64. cia bem-ne madh tu . . . i n-airisem, Anecd. ii 9.3 . cid nach n-acallmis mad tu? why should not you and I converse? ZCP xiii 268.3 . consáiter etrunni mad tú between thee and me, IT iii 244.1 . Cf. anas bermaisin matau (leg. an-asbermais-ni mad tú?), ZCP viii 329. 26 = anasbermaisiu ma táu, LL 330c9 , anasbermaisim matu, BB 166a6 .

(d) mad folld. by a subst. or equivalent often serves to introduce a new subject of discourse or a contrast = as for, with regard to: mad messe, ba dethbir dam, etc., SCC 45. madh é Fraech immorro, ro eirigh co moch as, ZCP xiii 171.3 . mád ind Assia beg immorro, TTr.² 1046. madh a n-adhnacol ní cæmais as for burying them, thou wilt not be able, Anecd. i 72 § 198 . mád in ra brethaigestar Cúruí as for C.'s judgement, FB 90. madh an ro dusaig do marbaib | is mó milib as for the dead he raised, ACL iii 303 § 11. mad nofail [leg. 'na fail?] d'hilphianaibh ann . . . lia nāt luibi as for all the divers punishments there . . . (they are) more in number than herbs (?), SR 933 (where Stokes takes mad as = immad quantity). mad o Adam . . . co ngénair mac De, cóic mili is cét . . . ocus sé bliadna nochat as for (the period) from Adam to the birth of the Son of God, 2333 . is dō a óenur do nach airchend bás . . . ar mád sinne immorro is a[irchenn], Thes. ii 351.23 . madh iad clann R. tra, así comhairle doronsat, AFM iii 226.5 .

(e) similarly in the common formula: mad iar (do réir, etc.) (if it be) according to: mad du stoir . . . mad du rúin according to the literal sense . . . according to the mystic sense, Ml. 44b4 , 6 . mad iar sians imorro . . . is ed doforne, PH 3449. mad iar Cirine . . . mad iar n-Augustin, 6435 . mad iar n-araile immorro, issi a liathroit, etc., TBC-I¹ 525. mad do reir na sgoile, MacCarthy 278.5 . Cf. also: dobí macaem . . . arna damnad docum a loiscthi tria drúis do denam di (mado fis), Maund. 57 ; leg. mad ō fis if it be from knowledge (= if it be true)?

(f) similarly in phrases like: mad cose up to this, hitherto , in which mad appears to be a mere expletive. ní ḟetatar . . . inad beo-sa mad cose, TBC-LL¹ 4940 , cf. 739 . dulig sár ar bar sluagaib mád cose, LL 238b23 ( TTr. 1615 ). Áth nÍ. a ainm mad cosin, Áth F. a ainm o ṡain ille, TBC-LL¹ 4948. mad colléic, 5148 . mad gustráthsa, 5111 . ni rugusa troidh theithidh . . . má guse, ZCP viii 551.20 . mad costrasta ` just now ', MR 262.24 .

III Acht má (mani):

(a) in affirm. sent., acht má = `but if', unless: acht massu made in chretem except the belief is vain, Wb. 13a34 . nocon ḟetar-sa ac[h]t mad sin | cid imma ndernad unless that be (the reason), TBC-LL¹ 608. acht má. dothísad . . . ni reg-sa, Trip. 118.14 . ní thic do neoch acht mád doneth fein [acht mine dernad LB] unless [God ] were to do it Himself, FA 9. acht ma tecmadh secht tengt[h]a filed i cinn aenduine . . . do beth ní dia chomrumuib gan turim, ZCP viii 111.16 . acht madh chena even so, nevertheless , Laws iii 542.9 Comm.

(b) acht mad, folld. by subst. unless it be . . ., except, saving . . . only , generally after neg. sent. acht mad Rab . . . ni therna . . . oenfer, SR 5069. ni ruc claind . . . acht mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . cia doragad and acht mad Findchad?, CRR 8. ní mairenn don muintir . . . acht mád missi, Acall. 3320. co na raibi acht madh foraithmed bec di i nErinn, Acall. iii 4.13 . ro fetar-sa co na bia maith eitir de acht madh olc uili, CCath. 4603. ní therno eladach betha dib acht ma misi, ZCP xiii 233.13 .

(c) acht mani unless indeed (a more emphatic concession than mani). nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11. ni raga ass . . . acht mani-t-ainge ben unless a woman protect thee, SCC 14. in aíne cen in almsain is bec a tarba, acht mani beth do bochta neich co na raib aicce almsa dobera unless one's poverty were such that one had no alms to give, PH 4972. acht manibad drochduine he, ni thindlecmais-ni det-siu he, 2698 . is maith [ind elada] . . . acht muna beth sianargan in brechta sídhe inti, Acall. 3482 (`but for a twang of the fairy spell that infests it', SG ii 191 ).

IV In Mid.Ir. mad dá (dia) often takes the place of má folld. by subj.

(a) mad da tí a thig, CRR 22. méraid ní bus lia a laídhi | madh dá ndíla a commaíne if she requite, Acall. 801. mad da ríus Emain, TBC-LL¹ 1208 , cf. 3416 . mad da mbeind-se i crichaib Ulad, CRR 8. Exceptionally with pret.indic.: mád dammamar [madam bámar, St.; leg. mad da mbámar] allanair [sic leg.] ac Scathaig if we were (still) yonder with S., TBC-LL¹ 4102 , cf. 4039 .

(b) mad dia ti taris, is bǽth, TBC-LL¹ 1644. mad dian bérthai [mad dia mberthai, St.] uide uad, 595 . mad dia marbthar Mani mór, | bid díth cethern, TFerbe 370 . mád dia follamnaige co fírén in rí, PH 4086. ba hed adgegmis-ni ani sin mad dia fédmais, IT ii2 228 § 3 . mad dia mbeth at cumung if it were in thy power, RC vi 175.54 . With indic.: madh dia ndeni-siu forru if thou do [it ] to please them, BNnÉ 304 § 16.

V Other idioms:

(a) inge má unless: iṅge mad etarscartha unless it be separated, Sg. 75b5 . inge mad dligtechu in ceili, Laws ii 338.1 , cf. O'Dav. 708. Scarcely, hardly: ingi ma rochoillset fir, TBC-I¹ 265. as ing má ro thérna neach riamh hardly any one escaped, Hugh Roe fo. 15 a . go mbo hing ma rob éigen . . . a n-airm d'imbirt forra [sic leg.] it was hardly necessary, fo. 81b . With subj.: iss ing ma rasoissed [sic leg.] cind mile bliadan a dhomhnai it could hardly reach its bottom, Ériu ii 132 § 109. See 1 ing, 1 inge.

(b) is becc má `it is little if', scarcely: is beac ma ba oirrdearca Concobhar C. was scarcely more illustrious, CF 411.

(c) ní mór má: ni mor masa incretmi he it is almost incredible, LB 152b16 . ní mór má doērna sceola indisen scel hardly a fugitive escaped, BDD 158. ni mór má ro proinnigsiot they scarcely broke their fast, AFM vi 2288.22 .

VI Rarely used to introduce a subst. clause: ni cuman lim ma rudbaitsius nach n-aile, Wb. 8a3 . robú mór a homun lium-sa ón mad and atbelmais-ni . . . ┐ mani-n-soirthae my fear of it was great that we should die . . . and that we should not be delivered, Ml. 96a10 . is dual dun mani [mina v.l.] torgoethat in[na] duailc[h]i it behoves us that vices should not deceive us, ZCP iii 450.4 .

VII In early Mod.Ir. má (folld. or not by nó) is used exceptionally to introduce a disjunctive clause, whether (Lat. sive): madh beag nó mór an chréacht doníthi leo, ní ghabhadh leigheas greim don othar, Keat. ii 1731. ma's beo marbh iad whether they be alive or dead, Parrth. Anma 327.10 . mas olc maith me, 343.22 .

maín, moín, muín, maen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maín, moín, muín, maen or dil.ie/31345
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: moín, main, maín, muin, maini, moini, muíni, maíni, moíni, muíne, maine, máoin, -i, maoin, muin

n i, f. n s. in moín , Ml. 87d9 . d s. deg-main , 103a9 . n du. dā maín , Corm. p. 15 s.v. doman = dē muin , Corm. Y 415. n p. inna degmaini , Ml. 27a6 . moini (: doíne), SR 7855. fīr-muíni , ZCP xi 80.14 . a p. maíni, Wb. 23d4 . dagmoíni , 28a17 . muíne, LU 3393 ( SCC 17 ). g p. deg-maine , Ml. 102d17 . máoin (f., g s. n p. -i), IGT Dec. § 14.14 .

(a) a gift, a benefit (primary sense): transl. Lat. munus, Ml. 87d9 , donum, 84c12 ; (in pl.) beneficia, 27a6 , 90a14 , 102d17 , 103a9 . Often with pref. dag-, deg-: is eícrichnichthe don-indnig-som a dagmoíni without limit he bestows his benefits, Wb. 28a17 . The sense gift is frequently implied in Mid.Ir. muíni [sic leg.] doberthar o thuatib, Mon. Tall. § 35. tucsat maíne ┐ ascadha dho (= munera ei obtulerunt), Lat. Lives 108. tabair maíne bid ┐ etaig do bochtaib, PH 451. tucsat na tri maíne-sea dó .i. ór ┐ tuss ┐ mir, 7017 . nicon ticfa ri moín nó adlaic . . . in sét connegar and the gem asked for is not to be had for love or money (lit. for [counter-]gift or request), LL 251a32 (TBFraích) = ZCP iv 43.17 . muín i commaín ber[r]tha a reward in exchange for shaving, LL 167b10 , cf. RC xv 461.6 .

(b) a valuable article or possession, a treasure ; in pl. treasures, possessions, wealth . ri ro thidnacht do doenib | domun cona degmoínib, SR 1978. in sét (.i. in main), Hy. v 77 ( Thes. ii 346 ). ni ar séuti na máini robcarsi Tíamthe, Wb. 23d4 . ni ḟil nech is lia seóit ┐ moíne ┐ indmassa andú-sa, TBC-LL¹ 59. febus mo chommain sét ┐ maíni ┐ indmassa foraib, CRR 11. tidhnacal seot ┐ moeíne, AU ii 120.23 . bárc mao[i]ne a treasure-laden vessel, ZCP viii 197 § 13. is tre ḟír flathemon . . . maíne mor mbárc hi cinn cach thíre tathigedar, xi 82 § 20 . co ro [s]latsat in longport etir doine ┐ moine, AU 850. munceda . . . .i. muin-maíne .i. maíne for munelaib, LL 18b28 . luid ina rígthech ┐ a ór ┐ a argat lais . . . conid-loisc co n-ógus a muini with the whole of his treasures, Trip. 38.8 . ō tho[th]acht (.i. na mbeodile) ┐ muín [maine v.l.] .i. in oir ┐ in airgit, O'Dav. 1568. maissiu máenib more beautiful than treasures, Thes. ii 295.7 ( SP v 3 ). guidhe . . . is ferr maoinibh, ZCP viii 198 § 22. Sing. in collective sense: ni fhil mo m.¤ fén acht a nim, MacCongl. 57.22 . re deoraibh bá maith a mhaoin good was his wealth to wanderers, AFM i 146.13 (poem). misi nochan ḟuil mu mh.¤ | ó rom-maidh an scél (`for me prosperity exists no more' O'Gr. Cat. ), Acall. 862. a loch chlaein . . . festa nocha bfuil do mhaein `thou prosperest no more', SG 58.33 . do réir a mháoine according to his substance, Job xx 18. nac roibhi aici do maín na do mhaithus acht a hétach, Études Celt. i 81.26 . m.¤ ar mug treasure (bestowed) on a slave (i.e. wasted): muín ar mug, rūn do mnai, | mairg dogni cechtar n-ai, RC vi 188.24 (see mug for other exx.).

In Laws sometimes used of cattle, stock: cúic seoit in muin a cinaidh gach sochuinn gaibius tar ceart, ii 70.1 , glossed .i. cuic seoit isna mainib sin `five "seds" of these cattle'. mor muin mrugrechtai `an increase of cattle on the land', iii 340.12 . mana fuil acht coland nama, nocon-uil nach ní, uair noco m.¤ marta he `it is not a beef-carcass' (i.e. it is not value as beef, of a mare's carcass), iii 372.8 , cf. 378.17 .

(c) often fig.: is maith main mesrugud, ZCP vii 297.17 . firmuíni mo briathar, xi 80.14 . moíni na hēcisi, RC xxvi 17 n. 7 . Of persons: ba muin [maín LB, maoin, H 2.15A ] mait[h] in mac sin, Corm. Y 863 ; cf. asbert in ri . . . doragad ēm main . . . don mac sin (= that that boy would prove a treasure?), IT iii 190.5 (both exx. refer to Morand m. Maín). Muresc cen tassi maith maín, LL 137b8 . ? aue Muirne muin, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 ('Enkel Muirenns der würdigen' Meyer, taking `muin' as g p. of a noun denoting ` honour, dignity ', but perhaps n s. in apposition to aue). Uncan in m.¤ maerda, Gorm. Aug. 21. In abstr. sense: máoin ocus muaidh, ionann sin is maith nó miadh, Forus Foc. 43. main [maoin v.l.] grádh, ib. 34 . maoin .i. grádh; .i. maith, O'Cl. Cf. 6 muin.

(d) in Bérla na f., knowledge, science, art: doraa in main (.i. dochonnaic an eladha), ZCP v 488 § 7. don maoin (.i. don eladain), 489.1 .

scrútaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scrútaid or dil.ie/36669

 

Forms: scrúta(i)n, scrútad

v ā (Lat. scrutor)

(a) examines, scrutinizes, investigates, searches : noscrutainse . . . dús in retarscar cairde ndae, Ml. 91c1 . Crīst i cridiu | cech duini rodomscrútadar, Thes. ii 357.18 (romdosgruda, v.l.). ucht n-osnae . . . .i. scrūdan scrūdas in file a n-airc[h]etal: in baile didiu inditscrūta, is dó is nomen ucht n-ossnae, Corm. Y 1275 . félire ro scrútus | i céin ┐ acus, Fél. Ep. 109 . uam mna an gobann ro scruidiset Gaill the cave . . . which was searched by the Foreigners, AU i 372.14 . co roscrútainn óen na lebar, ZCP v 497 § 9 . ag na h-ughdaraibh sgrúdas nádúir na mbeathadhach, TSh. 9286 . an té sgrúdas na croidhthe `he that pondereth the heart', Proverbs xxiv 12 .

(b) excogitates, devises, meditates, contemplates (a plan, course of action, etc.): ara scrúta cid forchana do hícc cáich that he may ponder what he may teach for the redemption of all, Wb. 31b10 . connacon rabae ní roscrutais (ref. to occassiones excogitauerant nocendi), Ml. 80c9 . ro scrutai in ben coleir . . . | forsin ṅgilla . . . | cinnas doberad baegol, SR 3189 . ro scrút inna menmain cinnas doragad ar imchossait na mban he pondered in his mind how he would set the women at variance, LU 8220 ( FB 17 ). roscrūtustair ina menmain cīa leth noberad a chétchūairt, MacCongl. 9.10 . nār scrūtar . . . | dūthracht nachat-clāine that I may cherish no desire that inclines not unto thee (?), ZCP vi 259.18 . issí comairle ro scrut this is the plan he contemplated, CCath. 3322 . S.¤ . . . ni conberedh breth conda roscrudad (sic leg.) in aidhche riam ina bru, Laws i 24.17 Comm . asé ró smuáin ┐ ró sgrúdastair iná inntinn, MS. Mat. 551.z . ro sccrúdsatt na Goill . . . a chuimreach `planned his imprisonment', Hugh Roe 6.3 (1b) . Note also: ro tuigedh tra ┐ ro scrūdadh asa deighbethaidh . . . go roibhi betha naomhtha aice it was deduced, the conclusion was reached, Fl. Earls 184.17 .

? Part.: gai glais úas cairpthib scrutaidi, RC xxii 50 § 51 v.l. (BDD).

Vn. scrúta(i)n, scrútad.

techtairecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. techtairecht or dil.ie/40286

 

Forms: t.

n ā, f. (techtaire) message, errand, mission, embassy: t.¤ gl. legatione, Wb. 15d17 . frissin tectairecht dia tuidched, 10a28 . buid for tectairecht hó ísu, 13b5 . inna techtairechtae, Ml. 85b10 . ar fóit for techtairechta, Wb. 15a15 . angeil ... | do reir Dé fri t.¤ , SR 690 . is é leth ruc tossach a thechtairechta issin Mágnéit do acaldaim Péil, TTr. 773 . cia doragad risin tectairecht sin, CRR 26.10 . in lesugad ┐ in t.¤ `the business and message,' Laws v 194.6 Comm. labhair thall mo theachtoireacht, Ir. Review, 1913, 623 § 5 . daréis na techtairechtedh sin da rochtuin, ALC i 516.1 . a leabhraibh taighleoireachta ┐ teachtairiochta, CRR² 68.7 . t.¤ um chert nō um chomroinn chrīchi, ML² 901 . ci[d] dod tug annosa chugam, ┐ na ttángais ris na tectaireachtaib eile `why didst thou not come at the other messages ?,' TFrag. 80.23 . tagraid teachtaireacht shíodha ris ó Laighnibh `brought him an offer of peace,' Keat. iii 3135 .

In various extended meanings: gu cnoc gabala na ngial, ┐ gu tulaig techtairechta na trom sluag `which heavy hosts frequented,' RC i 40.19 =`to the Hill of Summoning of Hosts' (at Tara), Ériu viii 26.12 . t.¤ loṅgsi A. the account of A,'s sea-expedition, TTr. 1070 . Of the flight of a thrown spear: nir toirmesc tosgainn, turais, na techtairechta do chruaid-urchor craisige C. an triur sin do thuitim, MR 264.23 . As quasi-vn.: forend d'ainglib ac t.¤ do Dia going on errands, YBL 169b10 . ní fhedaim gan teachtaireacht don athair `I cannot but go on a message,' TTebe 1073 . tonna trágha ag teachtaireacht, DDána 29.3 , `giving the news,' Ir. Monthly 1927, 260 , cf. RC xxviii 310.7 .

1 téit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 téit or dil.ie/40447
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tíagussa, tiagu, tíagu, nontiag, tiag, tiach, tíag, tíagso, tiagasa, tégi, thégi, notheig, téig, téit, teit, tét, dét, tét, núntet, tet, teit, theit, téit, téte, déte, theite, tete, dete, tiágmini, tiagmai, tiagam, diagmani, tiagmeni, for-téit, tiagait, tiagat, tiagat, tiagtae, tiagdde, tiagta, tíagair, tiagar, tíaghair, noteged, tarateged, teged, theigtis, notegtis, ercc, airc-si, teig, téig, teit, tēiti, téit, tét, táit, táet, for-tat-tet, tiat, tét, táet, taett, tiagamm, tíagam, airciub, arcib, argib, ercib, eirgiu, tiagat, tiagar, tíagar, thiasusa, tíasa, thíasa, tias, tias, tesi, théisi, thēsi, théise, tési, teis, téis, teis, théis, thes, téis, te, té, te, tēi, tias, tīasam, tíastaisi, thíastá, thessid, tiasuit, tiagaid, thíasat, -ait, tiasat, tíasat, tíastae, tiasda, tiasair, tiasar, tīastar, tíasar, tiastar, nothéisinn, thiasta-so, tíasta, notheised, notésed, tesed, -téssed, notesad, na-thiasmais, notésstae, nutiastais, tiastais, rigasa, annurig, ragsa, reg, regai, rega, mosregae, regasu, regaid, rega, rigas, regus, rigmi, regmi, regmai, rechmi, -regaid, regait, regat, regda, rigthir, regthair, regthar, rigtha, rígad, noregad, nandrigad, -regad, regtais, noregtáis, -regtais, lodsa, lud, lod, lod-sai, luid, luid-side, luid, luid, luid, luide, llude, lodmar, lotair, lotir, lotar, dochood, docoadsa, dochoad, docoatsai, -dechudsa, -deochadsa, -dechad-sa, dochūad, docoid, docoith, ducoid, dochoid, duchoid, dichoid, duchooid, duchoaid, ducuaid, dochoid, dochuaid, -dechuid, -dechuith, -dechaid, -deochaid, dodchommar, dochuamar, -dechummar, dochuabair, dochuabar, docotar, dachotar, dochotar, ducuatar, cotar, dochótar, dochuatar, -dechaddar, -dechatár, -deochotar, dochoas, dochós, dochúas, docuas, docúas, -dechvs, -deachas, digthim, dichtim, dachubat, doscuat, dacumat, dachuat, doscuchad, dā cubat, doscuet, decomad, doscuaid, dichuat, -dichet, dicead, digtith, díchtheth, -dechus, -dechus, -dechos, -dechus, -digus, -digius, -dighes, conicius, docui, cuissiu, dechais-[s]iu, -dechais, -digis, -dichis, docói, doco, dochoi, do cae, dodchoid, -decha, -dich, -dig, -dech, -dechsam, connicsim-ni, digsem, -digsid, -dechsaid, docoiset, do-coísat, docóesat, dochósat, dochoiset, -dechset, -digset, -digsit, -dechsat, -deochsaindsea, -dechsaind, dochōised, docoissed, do coisead, -digsed, -digseth, -dichsed, -dechsad, -dechastái, docoistis, dochoistís, -dechsaitis, -dechsitis, -digsitis, docoised, -dechsad, docoéstis, tiagasa, tiagusa, tégim-si, tiag, téig, tēigi, -teig, téit, tet, tēt, tiat, tēiti, teite, -tet, -ttēd, -tēd, -téit, -tiat, teige, tet, degas, tíagma, thīagma, tiagmait, -tíagam, teigthi, tegthi, teidchi, tíagait, tíagad, tiagat, tíat, -tiagat, -tiaguid, -tiaguit, -diagait, tiagait, tegat, ra-thaegat, tiagtha, tiagait, tíagait, tiaghar, -tiaghar, tíagthar, tiagar, tiaghdur, tiaghtur, notheighedh, thegaid, tiagadh, théiged, théiged, -tiagad, tégtis, teigdis, -teigtis, téigthea, teigthi, airc, aircc, airg, airgg, hērcc, ergc, tíat, téiged, tiaga, ēirgidh, tiagum, tīagmaini, tiag, tiagam, aircid, airgid, eirgid, eir[g]eid, tiagat, tiagaid, téighed, eirced, tiagar, tíagair, tīachar, tiasur, -tias, -theis, theis, -tiasur, teisiu, -téis, notéis, -tiasair, teis, theis, -tiasum, ratessemni, -tíassat, -tiagsad, -tēset, notēisinn, -tesed, -tēised, -tessed, -theissed, tesid, nothaesad, -tíasad, doniasadh, -toised, teised, -thíastaís, -teostaiss, -tiestais, tiag-, téit, theigsetar, ragasa, ragsa, rach, regad, reghat, regut, ragatsa, ragut, ragaid, regaid-se, regait, -reg, -rag, -rach, ragai, rogai, rage, raga, racha, -raga, -rada, -rado, ragaid, rachaidh, -raga, -racha, -rachaidh, -rachuidh, ragas, ragus, rachas, regma, ragma, ragmaine, raigma, régmait, ragmait, -ragam, -ragum, ragthai, ragaid, -racthai, ragait, rechaid, regat, regut, rechtait, raghdait, rágdait, ragdáit, ragtháit, rachdaeid, rechtair, ragthair, rachthair, ragthar, ragar, rachar, -raghthar, -raigther, -raghtha-sa, reched, notragad, ragad, -ragad, -rachad, doragad, noregadáis, noragdais, -ragdais, -rachdais, -ragtha, cor-rachtae, -rachtea, luid, luith, lauid, lud, luide, luidi, ludi, luide, luidi, ludi, ludai, laide, luidi, luid, luid, dolai, dluídh, ra-luid, -rulaid, -luid, lodmar, lodomar, lodamur, lotar, lautar, lodur, lodatar, lodadar, luiditar, lotarset, lotsat, dollotar, dolotar, tollotar, tulatar, ra-lotar, lodadar, luid-, lodma, luidinn-se, luid, ludfamar, luidhes, luidis, luidhius, lodsam, lodsamar, -lodsaid, -ladsaid, -lodsaid, luidset, luidsed, luighsit, luidhsiot, luidsiut, lutsat, luidhsidar, docuad, dochúadusa, do-cūadas, rochuadhus, -deachad, dochodaisiu, do-cūadais, dochuadais, -dechais, dochóid, dochaidh, dochuaid, rochōid, rochúaid, chuaid, -dechaid, -dechuidh, -deochaid, dodechaid, dodeachaid, deochaid, docuamair-ni, rochuammar, -deochabair, dochótár, dochotar, dochuatar, rochuadar, rocuadur, ro-digset, -dechatar, -deachatar, -deachadair, -dechsat, -dechsatar, docoas, docos, cós, docuass, dochuas, docuas, rocúadhus, -dechus, -dechas, dechar, -digusa, -dechus, -deochus, -decharsa, -dechor, -dechur, -dech, -digser, -diccsiur, -digis, -digis-[s]iu, -digese, -digsiu, -díchiseo, -dechais, -dechis, -deachadais, -dechasu, -deochais, -dechair, -dig, nosdig, rosdigh, -dech, -deoch, -dechsum, -dechaisti, -dighset, -diccsed, -dechsat, -dechaind, -digthea, -dechta, nodhighsedh, dhigsid, dic[h]sead, nódechsad, dheachsad, -digsed, conigsed, -digsith, -dechsad, -dechad, -deachaid, -dechasta, -digsitís, -dechsaitís, -dhechdais, téighim, teim, -tēigim, -teim, tiag, téighi, -téighe, -teir, teit, téid, téd, -teit, -téid, tiamaid, -téimíd, tiagait, tiaghaid, téighit, téidhid, téid, tiaghuid, nostiad, tiad, tiaghaid, -thiaghaid, -tiaid, tiagar, tiachair, teigther, tegther, -tiagar, -tiachar, -tiaghair, -tiachair, téi-, tia-, do-éi-, do-ia-, tiad, ēid, do-éid, chum, -teighedh, -theidheadh, théighdís, teighdis, -tecdis, -teghth, -teighthi, eirg, éirigh, téigh, téidheadh, éirghidh, téighidh, tiagar, eirgear, eargar, eirg, eirgeadh, eargadh, eirgeam, eargam, eirgthear, eargthar, eargaidh, dtéighedsa, —téidhe, théighe, ragat, rachad, reachat, —rach, racha, racair, raghair, rachaidh, raghaidh, rachaidh, —ragha, —racha, —rachaidh, raghas, rachas, reachbhas, radhmait, rachmait, rachmaid, —ragham, —racham, rachaid, rachthair, rachtar, raghar, —rachaind, —rachthá, rachtha, ragad, rachadh, rachadh, —raghadh, —rachadh, —rachfadh, —reachadh, ragtais, rachdaois, —raghduis, —rachdais, —rachdaois, ragthai, luid—, luid, roloduir, lodamar, lottar, lodor, —deachodhus, chuadhais, dechadais, —deachais, dochuaidh, dochóidh, docháidh, chuaidh, chuaidh, dechaidh, dheachaidh, —dechaid, —deachaidh, —deochaid, do cuamar, do-chuamair, do-chámar, do chuadhmuir-ne, —deachamair, do-chuabhair, do chuadar, do-chódar, do-chádair, ra chuatar, chuadar, do choidset, dodeachatar, dechadar, —deachatar, —deachadar, —deochatar, —dechsat, —deachsad, do-chuas, do-cuas, cuas, chuas, —deachar, —dighear, —deach, —dechuir, —dechair, —deachair, —dhech, dheach, —dech, —deach, —digh, —deacham, dechuid, ndeachud, —dighthir, —deachainn, —dechtha, —deachtha, —digsed, —diccseadh, —deachadh, —deachaidh, —deachmaois, —dechtais, —deachdís, —deachadaois, techt, dul, t., tiagar

(see Ériu xii 227 ff. , Études Celt. xxxiv 145 , xxii 204 ). Irreg. vb. with forms from various roots.

FORMS.

A. Early forms.

Indic. pres. 1 s. tíagussa, Wb. 17b18 . tiagu, 20 . tíagu, LU 4721 . nontiag, TBC-I¹ 241 . tiag is also used as absolute form in fut. sense, Ml. 58c6 . tiach, Sg. 210 marg. inf. ( Thes. ii xxii ). tíag, LU 10934 . tíagso, TBC-I¹ 1299 = tiagasa, LU 5769 . (According to Zeuss 443 , Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 these are imper.). 2 s. cia leth tégi , PH 8216 . cid thégi , Lat. Lives 82.6 . cid notheig , SR 3094 . masu ead no téig , BDD² 285 . 3 s. téit, Ml. 3a4 . 47a17 . 103d27 . 109a2 . teit, 24d30 . 27c10 . 67d24 . 94c10 . Sg. 38a1 . tét, Ml. 21c3 . nicon dét , 53a17 . dia tét , 56b1 . amal núntet , 77a14 . dia tet , Thes. ii 255.6 . dia teit , Ml. 100b9 . ni theit , SR 447 . ni téit , Laws i 102.4 . rel. téte, Wb. 9a3 . 9d5 . 20a12 . Ml. 28c19 . Sg. 30b12 . 92a2 . 129a1 . déte, Wb. 11d7 . theite, Sg. 114b2 . tete, Ml. 22b1 . 62b20 . Sg. 188a13 . dete, Ml. 93b12 . 1 pl. tiágmini, Wb. 15b28 . tiagmai, LU 4706 . cosa tiagam , SR 7968 . rel. in tain diagmani , Wb. 3a15 . tiagmeni, 15b28 . 2 pl. [ for-téit, Wb. 14c3 , see Ériu xii 228 ]. 3 pl. tiagait, Wb. 5c16 . 11d12 . Ml. 14a5 . Sg. 196a1 . cona tiagat , Ml. 51d3 . ni tiagat , Thes. ii 12.33 . rel. tiagtae, Ml. 125a2 . tiagdde, Sg. 104b1 . 119a2 . 120a1 . tiagta, 54b6 . pass. tíagair, TBFr. 260 . RC iii 345.15 . rel. tiagar, Ml. 15a2 . tíaghair, Hib. Min. 297.

Impf. 3 s. noteged, Ml. 54c18 . tarateged, Thes. ii 315.26 . tan teged , SR 4502 . 3 pl. ind úair theigtis , 1113 . notegtis, Mon. Tall. 161.22 .

Imper. 2 s. ercc, Mon. Tall. 154.7 . airc-si, BDD² 1445 . ná teig , SR 1152 . na téig , LU 6023 . 3 s. ? teit, LU 5936 . ? Anecd. i 10.2 . tēiti (with suff. pron.), TBC-I¹ 1591 . na téit , Wb. 10a15 . ? 9d31 (see note). The form téit in Wb may represent tét, which is to be inferred from the compds. táit, táet, for-tat-tet ( Ml. 43b11 ) and Mid. Ir. tiat (see infra). Cf. also Strachan, OIPG 83 and Bergin, Ériu xii 228.6 . tét, RC ix 484.14 . táet, 488.7 . taett, BColm. 74.22 . 1 pl. tiagamm, SR 3628 . tíagam, LU 4951 . 2 pl. airciub, Blathm. 90 § 6 . arcib, Bethu Brigte 8 § 25 . argib, Bethu Brigte 10 § 29 . ercib, Otia i 115.5 . eirgiu, ZCP iv 243.3 . 3 pl. tiagat, Ml. 54b12 . pass. tiagar, 16c5 . tíagar, TBFr. 14.

Subj. pres. 1 s. cia thiasusa , Wb. 23c31 . Irish Texts i 10.21 . tíasa, BDD² 1438 . cia thíasa , Rawl. 82b18 . re tias , Lib. Hymn. 167.185 (ACC). i tias , Rawl. 106b19 . 2 s. tesi, Mon. Tall. 136.17 . théisi, ZCP iv 43.23 . thēsi, théise, ZCP xi 80.16 , 20 - 21 . tési (with imper. sense), LU 5270 . rot teis , SR 1273 (but see Wortk. vii p. 641 ). ní téis , Ériu i 199 § 19 . dia teis , LB 261a60 . 3 s. ma théis , Wb. 14a14 . cia thes , Ml. 23d23 . ma (sic leg.) téis , Mon. Tall. 137.14 . arna te , Ml. 36a23 . arna té , 126a4 . forsa te , Thes. ii 249.9 . nād tēi , ZCP iv 43.9 . rel. tias, Thes. ii 39.25 . Cf. SR 1660 . 1 pl. cia tīasam , Thes. ii 299.30 . 2 pl. tíastaisi, TBFr. 413 . má thíastá , LU 4764 . ní thessid , 4809 . Cáin Ad. 27 . 3 pl. tiasuit (as imper.; tiagaid, v.l.), IT ii2 191.1 . cia thíasat (leg. -ait), SR 1845 . mani tiasat , Mon. Tall. 147.21 . cén co tíasat , LU 8083 . rel. tíastae, Fél. Ep. 470 . tiasda, Laws iv 144.2 Comm. pass. tiasair, ZCP vii 311 § 19 . tiasar, Laws v 320.11 . tīastar, Sc.M² 5.11 . ní tíasar , Ériu i 199.3 (tiastar, v.l.). rel. tiastar, LB 261b1 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . 2 s. no thiasta-so , LL 284b14 . co tíasta , ZCP viii 310.16 . 3 s. notheised, Wb. 32a17 . notésed, Ml. 23b12 . 54a21 . ara tesed , Sg. 21b9 . -téssed, Thes. ii 310.1 . notesad, Ml. 34d6 . 1 pl. na-thiasmais, PH 5009 . 2 pl. notésstae, Wb. 9b19 (sic leg., note, but see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 654 ). 3 pl. nutiastais, Ml. 117d3 . na tiastais , SR 3407.

Fut. 1 s. rigasa, LU 3250 . annurig, Ml. 87b18 . ní ragsa , RC iii 346.11 . ni reg , Ériu iii 106 § 45 . 2 s. regai, PH 1378 . rega, 2328 . mosregae, Thes. ii 318.6 . ní regasu , TBFr. 310 . 3 s. regaid, Sg. 36b1 . Sc.M² 15.8 . nā rega , MacCongl. 29.5 . rel. rigas, Thes. ii 1.14 . regus, Irish Texts i 16.12 . 1 pl. rigmi, Wb. 15c23 . regmi, Fél. Prol. 291 . regmai, TBFr. 415 . rechmi, LU 3423 . 2 pl. -regaid, Lat. Lives 54.y . 3 pl. regait, Thes. ii 316.30 . 319.2 . ni regat , PH 6744 . rel. regda, ZCP xii 245 § 9 . pass. rigthir, Wb. 9a23 . regthair, Ériu i 44.18 . regthar, TBC-I¹ 1236.

Condit. 2 s. ní rigtha , LU 3275 . 3 s. ní rígad , Wb. 11a22 . noregad, Ml. 118b6 . nandrigad, Thes. ii 242.6 . -regad, Trip.² 1713 . 3 pl. dia regtais , Ml. 99b10 . noregtáis, TTr.² 138 . -regtais, Lat. Lives 58.5 .

Pret. 1 s. lodsa, LU 1351 . Ériu iv 134.3 . o na lud , RC xiv 400.13 . 2 s. can lod , 406.2 . ? lod-sai, IT iii 244.24 . 3 s. luid, Ml. 16c10 . luid-side (sic leg.), 55c1 . luid, 74b5 . Thes. ii 240.2 . 242.11 . ho luid , Wb. 3c37 . dia luid , Ml. 52 ( Thes. i 164.14 ). 55c1 . rel. luide, 127d3 . a llude , LU 10932 . 1 pl. lodmar, TBC-LL¹ 4114 . LB 215a70 . 3 pl. lotair, SR 3457 . TBC-I¹ 26 . lotir, LU 10575 . lotar (perh. rel., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Thes. ii 250.15 . 316.5 . SR 6666 . pass. see ethaid.

Perf. 1 s. dochood, Wb. 17d7 . docoadsa, 18d6 . dochoad, TBFr. 332 . ? docoatsai, RC xii 64.z . -dechudsa, Wb. 14c40 . -deochadsa, TBFr. 282 . -dechad-sa, TBC-LL¹ 29 . 2 s. dochūad, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 3 . 3 s. docoid, Wb. 21a12 . 31d19 . Ml. 32d10 . 43d27 . Sg. 217b16 . docoith, Wb. 11a22 . ducoid, Ml. 63c19 . dochoid, Wb. 14a19 . 14c20 . 14d30 . 28b30 . duchoid, Ml. 74a12 . 84c9 . dichoid, Mon. Tall. 127.10 . duchooid, Thes. ii 241.11 . duchoaid, 1.14 . ducuaid, Ml. 65c9 . dochoid, SR 7753 . dochuaid, 2592 . Fél. Ep. 267 . -dechuid, Ml. 54d3 . 54d7 . 65d12 . 98b8 . Sg. 148b3 . -dechuith, Wb. 16c7 . 22b11 . -dechaid, SR 1720 . -deochaid, 2797 . 1 pl. cia dodchommar , Wb. 23d23 . dochuamar, PH 1580 . -dechummar, Ml. 63c14 . 2 pl. dochuabair, SR 1443 = dochuabar, LB 111b36 . 3 pl. docotar, Wb. 29a8 . dachotar, Ml. 38b2 . dochotar, 124c26 . ducuatar, 66c16 . do cotar , Snedg. u. Mac R 10.15 . dochótar, TBC-I¹ 150 . dochuatar, SR 1701 . -dechaddar, Mon. Tall. 163.21 . -dechatár, LU 8377 . -deochotar, IT i 74.4 . pass. dochoas, TBFr. 356 . dochós, LU 9743 . dochúas, SR 6301 . docuas, Trip.² 2171 . docúas, IT i 130.8 . -dechvs, TTr.² 833 . -deachas, Ériu xii 192.8 .

Perfective pres. (expressing completion of action and possibility). (Cf. Études Celt. iii 224 ff. ). 1 s. na digthim , SR 3203 . conna dichtim , LU 5180 . 3 s. dachubat ... doscuat , Corm. Bodl. 36 - 8 = dacumat no dachuat ... doscuchad , Corm. 38 = dā cubat ... doscuet, Corm. Y 1082 = decomad ... doscuaid, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 xix 318 . dichuat, Críth G. 306 . -dichet (: fichet, Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 3 . KMMisc. 212.13 . Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 421 ). Thes. ii 292.19 . Anecd. v 29.21 . Ériu ii 118 § 52 . AU i 260.5 . AFM i 386.2 . RC xi 457.3 . Laws iv 122.16 Comm. v 272.6 . 388.2 . 394.5 . O'Dav. 714. O'Mulc. 759 . dicead, Laws iv 112.7 . 2 pl. connach digtith , Wb. 9b19 . Impf. 3 s. cona díchtheth , LU 4797.

Subj. corresponding to perf. Pres. 1 s. -dechus, TBC-I¹ 459 . -dechus, Ériu xii 156.9 = -dechos, LU 10644 . -dechus, PH 3123 . -digus, Goid. 101.11 . -digius, TBC-LL¹ 560 . PH 1570 . ZCP vi 259 § 1 . -dighes, x 339 § 16 . conicius, RC xxvii 274.14 . 2 s. docui, RC xii 70 § 40 . do cuissiu , LB 261a79 = dechais-[s]iu, ACL iii 319 § 75 . -dechais, SR 5951 . IT i 21.32 . PH 1564 . -digis, LU 9663 . RC vii 292.43 . -dichis, ZCP iv 45.2 . Ériu i 192 § 1 . 3 s. docói, Wb. 29a28 . doco, Críth G. 540 . dochoi, O'Dav. 683. do cae, Laws ii 242.13 . ? dodchoid, Ériu vii 156.7 . -decha (`lautgesetzliche Form,' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Wb. 28b30 . LU 6987 . Laws v 146.7 Comm. -dich (`analogische Form,' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Wb. 9d24 . LU 6180 . Anecd. iii 61.12 . -dig, Thes. ii 349.2 . LU 2079. 5178 . -dech, 439 . ACL iii 234.25 . 1 pl. -dechsam, Ml. 62d1 . SR 1549 . Ériu i 122.z . connicsim-ni, RC x 220 § 11 . digsem, BNnÉ 306 § 25 . 2 pl. -digsid, IT i 75.3 . -dechsaid, SR 1375 . PH 3052 . 3 pl. docoiset, Mon. Tall. 128.10 . LU 4749 (= dochōised, TBC-I¹ 261 ). do-coísat, ZCP xi 84 § 32 . docóesat, O'Dav. 744. dochósat, RC xvii 172.27 . ? dochoiset, ZCP iii 30.2 . -dechset, LU 5193 . -digset, TBC-LL¹ 553 . -digsit, Laws iv 234.15 . -dechsat, ZCP xiv 158.8 . BB 7a34 .

Impf. 1 s. -deochsaindsea, LU 5906 . -dechsaind, PH 3023 . 3 s. dochōised, TBC-I¹ 261 (= docoiset, LU 4749 ). docoissed, Anecd. iii 61.5 . do coisead, Laws iv 100.9 Comm. 104.12 . -digsed, Thes. ii 354.8 . SR 5623 . Trip.² 1268 . -digseth, 151 . -dichsed, Thes. ii 310.14 . -dechsad, SR 5643 . 2 pl. -dechastái, TTr.² 1819 . 3 pl. docoistis, Ml. 34a9 . dochoistís, LU 6752 . -dechsaitis, Ml. 42a6 . -dechsitis, 42a7 . -digsitis, Trip.² 174. 2870 . The following forms, indistinguishable from the subj. impf., are used in condit. sense: 3 s. docoised, LU 5919 . -dechsad, 9104 . 3 pl. docoéstis, 5370 . See RC xxviii 206 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 642.

B Mid. Ir. development of the above system.

Indic. pres. 1 s. tiagasa, LU 5769 . darsa tiagusa , TBC-LL¹ 481 . tégim-si, PH 1570 . The usual form passim, abs. and conj., is tiag: Anecd. i 4.15 . Metr. Dinds. iii 210.17 . Éigse ii 109 § 7 . ? téig, Fianaig. 68.14 . 2 s. tēigi, ZCP vii 310 § 4 . -teig, KMMisc. 260 § 5 . 3 s. abs. téit, passim. tet, SR 8048 . tēt, TBC-I¹ 2680 . tiat, LU 5775 . Frequ. with suff. pron.: tēiti, TBC-I¹ 1722 . ZCP iv 44.31 . teite, TTr.² 524 . conj. -tet, Rawl. 120a2 . -ttēd, MS. Mat. 581.18 . -tēd, ZCP viii 120.11 . -téit, BDD² 280 . LU 2146 , and so passim. -tiat, Ériu iv 104 § 51 . ? ni teige , Laws i 48. 4 Comm. rel. tet, 272.3 Comm. ? 140 n. degas, Auraic. 5552 (tiagas, v.l.). 1 pl. tíagma, LU 5112 . thīagma, TBC-I¹ 628 . tiagmait, Thes. ii 322.20 . -tíagam (in subj. sense), ZCP viii 313.3 . 2 pl. teigthi, TTebe 1316 . tegthi, Todd Lect. vi 61.3 . teidchi, Aen. 1838 . 3 pl. abs. tíagait; also tíagad (-ait, v.ll.), BDD² 223 . tiagat, PH 2119 . tíat, Metr. Dinds. iii 44.80 . conj. -tiagat, also -tiaguid, Laws i 266.6 . -tiaguit, iii 70.1 . -diagait, iv 386.18 Comm. tiagait, v 152.2 . ITS xxxiv 38.3 . ? tegat (perh. to do-icc), Laws iv 206.17 (Binchy amends to archaic pres. subj. -tésat, Ériu xvii 66 § 6 ). ra-thaegat (as pret.), TBC-LL¹ 5097 . rel. tiagtha, LB 261a79 = tiagait, ACL iii 319 § 75 . Cf. in tan tíagait , LU 8136 . CCath. 1077 . pass. tiaghar, Laws i 268.12 . -tiaghar, ZCP v 498.16 . rel. tíagthar ... tiagar, BDD² 735 - 6 . tiaghdur, Laws i 266.5 . tiaghtur, 272.16 Comm.

Impf. 3 s. notheighedh, Anecd. i 43.15 . ? no thegaid (confugit), Lat. Lives 87.5 . tiagadh, Ériu v 20.10 . In rel. clauses: no théiged , LU 8931 . ni théiged , Ériu iv 124.9 . -tiagad, BDD² 154 . 3 pl. is cumma tégtis , IT i 193.24 . teigdis, Laws i 154.x Comm. -teigtis, TTebe 2306 . pass. téigthea, Ériu iv 124.10 . teigthi, KMMisc. 158.163 .

Imper. 2 s. airc, LU 5094 . aircc, ZCP vii 306.18 . airg, IT i 74.15 . airgg, TBC-I¹ 1197 . nā hērcc , ZCP iii 227.13 (heirc, v.l.). ergc, Ériu ii 222.4 . 3 s. tíat, LU 5834 . TBC-I¹ 918. 1363 . RC x 74.12 . téiged, PH 4993 . ACL iii 225.9 . na tiaga , PH 410 . ēirgidh, ACL iii 5.4 . 1 pl. tiagum, PH 3756 and passim. tīagmaini, TBC-I¹ 941 (cf. use of tiag as fut. or imper. 1 s.; tiagam, LU). 2 pl. ? aircid, Anecd. i 5.16 . airgid, TBFr. 396 . eirgid, RC xxiv 196.5 . eir[g]eid, ACL iii 225.9 . 3 pl. tiagat, IT i 75.9 . tiagaid, IT ii2 191.1 (tiasuit, v.l.). ? téighed, ZCP viii 212 § 63 . eirced, BDD² 217 (-ett, v.l.). pass. tiagar, Ériu v 28.28 . SG 373.35 . tíagair, LU 8802 . tīachar, TBC-I¹ 254 (tiagar, LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. ce bát é éc tiasur , LU 7882 . -tias, ZCP viii 110.8 , and passim. -theis (: mess), LL 148a17 . ní theis `I will not go,' MR 48.23 . -tiasur, TBC-LL¹ 5971 . 2 s. teisiu, Ériu xii 172.1 . -téis, LU 5271 . Metr. Dinds. iii 380.1 . notéis, ZCP x 47.24 . -tiasair, TBC-LL¹ 1175 . 3 s. teis, Laws ii 130.x Comm. cia theis , AFM i 408.x (in verse). -té, Ériu i 218.23 . 1 pl. -tiasum, PH 5349 . ? ratessemni, RC xxii 42 n. 13 (rot-ficbam, text). 3 pl. -tíassat, BDD² 177 . -tiagsad, Mon. Tall. 134.13 . -tēset, TBC-I¹ 164.

Subj. impf. 1 s. notēisinn, ZCP vii 307.9 . 3 s. -tesed. RC xvi 81.29 . -tēised, TBC-I¹ 595 . -tessed, Irish Texts i 11.12 . -theissed, PRIA xxx 262.16 . no tesid , Laws i 196.12 Comm. nothaesad, Ériu ix 45 § 5 . -tíasad, LU 6148 . Imr. Brain § 63 . doniasadh, O'Dav. 1501. -toised (? leg. teised), Rawl. 119a23 . 3 pl. -thíastaís, LU 8813 and passim. ? -teostaiss, ACL iii 326.9 . -tiestais, Hugh Roe 296.11 .

The following may be exx. of a pret. formed from tiag-, téit: ra theigsetar na sluaig imme da dib lethib, co torchair accu, TBC-LL¹ 4456 (tangatar, v.l.). Cf. CRR 36.13 . dobert ... beim ... do Ch. gur teig lāmh na lainne dā lethtaoibh, ZCP xiv 233.1 . Cf. taod .i. dul, do thaod uainn .i. do chuaidh uainn, O'Cl.

Fut. 1 s. ragasa, Fél.² lxxxiv.y . ragsa, TBC-I¹ 463 . TBC-LL¹ 993 . rach, LL 148a18 . regad, TBC-I¹ 509 . reghat, ACL iii 309.9 . regut, Lat. Lives 89.8 . ragatsa, LU 1493 . ragut, PH 1814 . ragaid, RC iii 346.31 . regaid-se ... regait, ZCP xiii 176.17 . -reg, ACL iii 309.18 . -rag, TBC-I¹ 1244 . BColm. 80.3 . Anecd. iii 59.4 . -rach, ZCP viii 552.11 . TTebe 3982 . 2 s. ragai, BDD² 284 . rogai, Mon. Tall. 154.2 . rage, Lat. Lives 60.9 . raga, BDD² 1428 . racha, ACL iii 222.8 . ZCP vii 306.12 . -raga, Mon. Tall. 153.z . PH 1821 . RC iii 185.7 . -rada, ZCP xiii 256.7 . -rado, 11 . 3 s. ragaid, BDD² 1248 . IT i 132.10 . PH 4673 . rachaidh, Laws i 138.10 Comm. -raga, SR 6427 . BDD² 413 . PH 6906 . Ériu ii 202 § 20 . -racha, TTebe 1143 . -rachaidh, H 3.18, 224a ( O'Curry 403 ). -rachuidh, Laws ii 76.18 Comm. rel. ragas, LU 3925 . TBC-LL¹ 792 . ragus, PH 3813 . rachas, Laws iii 228.x Comm. 1 pl. regma, ZCP iv 46.16 . Anecd. i 2.9 . ragma, BDD² 256 . ragmaine, LU 5396 . raigma, LL 122b39 . régmait, IT i 73.10 (ragmaini, v.l.). ragmait, TBC-I¹ 919 . PH 2037 . CRR 28.21 . -ragam, LU 4768. 8079 . -ragum, PH 1838 . 2 pl. ragthai, TTr. 1632 . PH 1839 . ? ragaid, RC iii 346.31 . -racthai, TTr. 1773 . 3 pl. ragait, PH 3591 . rechaid, ZCP xii 393.13 . regat, Lib. Hymn. 102.52 . regut, PH 991 . rechtait, 6401 . raghdait, TTr.² 1753 . rágdait, PH 5014 . ragdáit, FDG 383 . ragtháit, RC xxii 304 n. 13 . rachdaeid, ACL iii 237 § 31 . pass. rechtair, RC xxvi 374.1 . ragthair, BB 439a34 . rachthair, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . ragthar, LU 5711 . RC viii 154 § 5 . ragar, Todd Nenn. 88.5 . rachar, Ériu iv 17 § 3 . -raghthar, Sc.M² 19.35 . -raigther, Ériu v 240.121 .

Condit. 2 s. -raghtha-sa, BColm. 46.24 . 3 s. no reched , BB 497a21 . notragad, LU 5209 . no ragad , 8833 . ACL iii 5.29 . -ragad, SR 3132 . LU 8259 . -rachad, IT i 271.27 . doragad , CRR 24.17 . TTebe 1072 . 3 pl. noregadáis, TTr.² 1097 . noragdais, SR 4724 . -ragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7 . -rachdais, IT i 118.13 . pass. -ragtha, BDD² 426 . TTr. 1904 . cor-rachtae, RC xxi 156 § 15 . ? -rachtea, ZCP x 44.4 .

Pret. 3 s. luid, PH 6286 . RC xxiv 184.12 . MacCarthy 422.y , etc. luith, Lat. Lives 23.3 . lauid, BColm. 18.25 . lud, PH 1048 . With redundant suff. pron. luide, BDD² 1447 . luidi, ACL iii 3.15 . ludi, LU 6150 . rel. luide, SG 396.21 . luidi, SR 3143 . ludi, ZCP iii 206.3 . ludai, Arch. Hib. iv 205 § 10 . laide, IT i 139.13 = luidi, 30 . luid, TBC-LL¹ 3605 . Laws iii 532.11 . With do- (in contexts where the meaning is evidently ` went '): do luid , RC xxiv 196.13 . BCC 424.21 . ZCP x 289.11 . ? dolai, Lec. 221b4 . ? dluídh, BB 234a19 . With ro-: ra-luid, CRR 36.4 . TBC-LL¹ 3251 . 4735 . -rulaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 266.19 . 306.26 . -luid, RC ix 452.8 . LL 210a40 , etc. 1 pl. lodmar, RC vii 290.6 . lodomar, LU 3056 . lodamur, Lism. L. 3817 . 3 pl. lotar, PH 2162 . TBC-LL¹ 1227 , etc. lautar, ZCP viii 105.8 . lodur, x 289.11 . lodatar, TBC-LL¹ 645 . lodadar, RC xxvi 164.21 . luiditar, ZCP iii 19 § 19 . lotarset, 248.29 (lotursat, v.l.). lotsat, BDC 118.215 . With do-: dollotar, TTr.² 1679 . dolotar, Ériu iii 142.243 . tollotar, 136.32 . tulatar, 142.238 . With ro-: ra-lotar, CRR 12.12 . ? With no-: no lodadar , Ériu ii 20 § 3.

The stem luid- is also used in Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. to form a regular verb with f-fut., s-pret. etc. pres. 1 pl. lodma, TBC-LL¹ 1801 (teigim, v.ll.). impf. 1 s. ra luidinn-se , Ériu i 72 § 3 . imper. 2 s. luid, MacCongl. 53.13 . fut. 1 pl. ludfamar, RC xiv 412.19 . pret. 1 s. do luidhes , ZCP viii 219 § 13. 3 s. luidis, SR 2929 . Rawl. 82b27 . Metr. Dinds. iii 156.15 . luidhius, MR 320.6 . 1 pl. lodsam, RC vii 302 § 201 . lodsamar, 304 § 213 . 2 pl. -lodsaid, LU 5300 = -ladsaid, TBC-I¹ 823 . -lodsaid, LU 5347 = TBC-I¹ 870 . 3 pl. luidset, IT i 41.8 . Leb. Gab.(i) 50.11 . luidsed, ZCP viii 274.11 . luighsit, BNnÉ 183.3 . luidhsiot, 292 § 8 . AFM i 94.9 . luidsiut, Leb. Gab.(i) 12.2 . lutsat, 96.12 . luidhsidar, Fianaig. 54.17 .

Perf. 1 s. docuad, BNnÉ 300.z . dochúadusa, LU 3726 . do-cūadas, Sc.M² 10.6 . rochuadhus, TTebe 1050 . -deachad, ZCP xiii 176.21 . 2 s. dochodaisiu (sic leg.), TBC-LL¹ p. 587 n. l. 6 . do-cūadais, Sc.M² 9.10 . dochuadais, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 7 . -dechais, Sc.M² 12.x (Eg.). -dechadais, PH 1547 . 3 s. dochóid, PH 2431 and passim. dochaidh, BB 56b36 . dochuaid, Ériu iii 196 § 13 and passim. rochōid, 196 § 18 . rochúaid, LU 829 . ro chuaid , LL 160a32 . -dechaid, ACL iii 304 II § 3 . -dechuidh, Laws ii 142.13 and passim. -deochaid, LU 9044 . Laws iv 300.6 . Cf. dodechaid, TTr.² 445 . dodeachaid, TTebe 348 . do deochaid , Laws iv 98.16 Comm. In these exx. the context indicates the meaning `has gone' rather than that of `has come.' 1 pl. docuamair-ni, ZCP vii 308.6 . rochuammar, RC vii 296.1 . 2 pl. -deochabair, ZCP xiii 176.10 . 3 pl. dochótár, LU 8265 . dochotar, PH 3717 . dochuatar, TBC-LL¹ 4337 . rochuadar, Laws iv 192.4 Comm. rocuadur, CCath. 1995 . Cf. ro-digset, PH 928 . -dechatar, 3944 . -deachatar, CCath. 5501 . -deachadair, AU ii 182.6 . -dechsat, PH 7224 . Lat. Lives 76.8 -dechsatar, PH 2476 . pass. docoas, Ériu ii 140 § 146 . docos, Aen. 406 . Todd Nenn. 88.7 . do cós , AFM ii 672.11 . docuass, Anecd. iii 40.24 . dochuas, 66.24 . docuas, Ériu iv 104 § 51 v.l. rocúadhus, CCath. 2397 . -dechus, Ériu iv 118 § 37. -dechas, Irish Texts i 3 § 7.

Subj. corresponding to the perf. Pres. 1 s. cia ... dechar , Anecd. i 77.10 . -digusa, RC viii 150.z . -dechus, TBC-I¹ 1304 . -deochus, LU 5774 . -decharsa, TBC-I¹ 3576 . -dechor, RC xxvii 280.16 . -dechur, ZCP i 105.3 . -dech, PH 7007 . -digser, Lism. L. 3738 = -diccsiur, BNnÉ 53 § 47 . 2 s. -digis, RC viii 154.20 . -digis-[s]iu (sic leg.), PH 2327 . -digese, TTr.² 1455 . -digsiu, Three Hom. 74.y . -díchiseo, TTr.² 99 . -dechais, LL 286b19 . -dechis, Ériu iii 108 § 52 . -deachadais, Ériu xii 148.12 . -dechasu, Lat. Lives 60.8 . -deochais, Anecd. iii 29.21 . -dechair, TTebe 3985 . Aen. 796 . 3 s. -dig, YBL 318ay . TBC-LL¹ 986 . ? nosdig, Lec. 27d43 = rosdigh, 11c17 . -dech, Fen. 356.19 . Marco P. 110 . -deoch, TBC-LL¹ 879 . 1 pl. -dechsum, CRR 22.8 . 2 pl. -dechaisti, TTr. 1774 . 3 pl. -dighset, ZCP ix 139.7 . -diccsed, Laws iv 118.z Comm. -dechsat, i 106.32 Comm.

Impf. 1 s. -dechaind, TBC-LL¹ 2209 (see note). 2 s. -digthea, PH 2419 . -dechta, Lat. Lives 96.8 . 3 s. nodhighsedh, Marco P. 51 . no dhigsid , TFrag. 136.20 . no dic[h]sead , Laws iv 110.y Comm. nódechsad, TTr.² 443 . nó dheachsad , RC xxv 398 § 17 . -digsed, ii 396 § 30 . conigsed, xvi 151.11 . -digsith, Lat. Lives 47.10 . -dechsad, PH 2937 , etc. -dechad, RC xxiv 44 § 2 . -deachaid (? with ending of indic.), ZCP viii 109.1 . pass. -dechasta, Ériu iv 126.14 . 3 pl. -digsitís, PH 5408 . -dechsaitís, TTr.² 687 . -dhechdais, ZCP v 501.z . TBC-LL¹ 259 n. 2 .

C Early Modern forms.

Indic. pres. 1 s. téighim, IGT Decl. ex. 702 . Content. xxi 7 . teim, ZCP vi 48.z . -tēigim, 263 § 10 . -teim, Luc. Fid. 324.10 . The old form tiag (in fut. sense) is common in FDG, e.g. 268 , 388 , 747 . 2 s. téighi, IGT Decl. ex. 653 . ML² 471 . -téighe, IGT Decl. ex. 1155 . BNnÉ 32 § 45 . -teir, Luc. Fid. 291.22 . 3 s. teit, FDG 68 . Ir. Astr. Tr. 158.7 . téid, Content. xiv 12 . Keat. i 72.87 , and passim. téd, Hy Fiach. 332.8 . -teit, Ir. Astr. Tr. 122.28 . -téid, Dán Dé xvi 11 . TSh. 3042 , and passim. 1 pl. tiamaid, TSh. 5286 . -téimíd, 2397 . 3 pl. tiagait, Marco P. 148 . tiaghaid, Keat. i 200.50 . téighit, Fl. Earls 180.30 . 190.19 . téidhid, Keat. i 202.20 ( téid siad, tiaghuid, MSS.). nostiad, Leb. Gab.(i) 108.13 . tiad, TD 16.36 . DDána 45.10 . This is the usual form in syll. verse, but note tiaghaid, DDána 75.23 . -thiaghaid, TSh. 4783 . -tiaid, Ó Bruad. ii 4.20 . -téid siad, TSh. 944 . pass. tiagar, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 . tiachair, TD 10.19 . IGT Decl. ex. 407 . teigther, Maund. 46 . tegther, 91 . -tiagar, MR 120.17 . -tiachar, DDána 27a.2 . -tiaghair, TD 29.5 . Studies 1924, 86 § 6 . -tiachair, 1928, 268 § 18 .

In syll. verse téi-, tia- may become do-éi-, do-ia- (except tiad), and may take conjunct endings, IGT cited Aithd. D. Gloss. Cf. 3 s. da ēid , ACL iii 237 § 22 . do-éid, DDána 98.31 .

Impf. 1 s. chum a déinsi, TD 22.8 . 3 s. -teighedh, Marco P. 89 . -theidheadh, Keat. i 208.23 . 3 pl. théighdís, Aithd. D. 98.14 . do teighdis , Maund. 16 . ? -tecdis (perh. to do-icc), Ann. Conn. 1252.9 . pass. -teghth, AFM iii 346.4 . -teighthi, Stair Erc. 1749.

Imper. 2 s. eirg, DDána 68.28 . Dán Dé i 5 . éirigh, TSh. 5048 . téigh, Gen. xvi 2 . 3 s. téidheadh, Keat. i 48.65 . 2 pl. éirghidh, ii 5642 . téighidh, DDána 29.28 . pass. tiagar, ITS v 66.19 .

IGT (cited Ériu xii 228 n. 3 and Aithd. D. Gloss. ) give the following: 1 s. eirgear eargar. 2 s. eirg. 3 s. eirgeadh eargadh. 1 pl. eirgeam eargam. pass. eirgthear eargthar. But exx. are given only for 2 s. and 2 pl. (eirg, eargaidh).

Subj. pres. and impf. The s-subj. is superseded by forms of the subj. corresponding to the perf., see infra. Cf. 1 s. co dtéighedsa , SG 290.19 , 3 s. —téidhe, Dán Dé ix 15 , ní théighe , Aithd. D. 20.30 , which are formed on the indic. pres. as in spoken Ir.

Fut. 1 s. ragat, Fl. Earls 206.24 . rachad, TSh. 8836 . reachat, Laud 610, 24a10 . —rach, Dán Dé ix 3 . Caithr. CC 43.34 . 2 s. racha, DDána 74.41 . racair, Laud 610, 24ay . raghair, Fl. Earls 206.24 . rachaidh (sic leg.) tú, BNnÉ 275 § 254 . 3 s. raghaidh, BS 150.15 . DDána 15.13 . rachaidh, Keat. ii 5587 . DDána 7.4 . —ragha, TSh. 4456 . Content. ix 6 . —racha, TSh. 2826 . PBocht 24.20 . —rachaidh, TSh. 2363 . Donlevy ix 30 . rel. raghas, BS 6.z . rachas, Oss. iv 8.z . Dán Dé x 31 . reachbhas, Luc. Fid. 364.11 . 1 pl. radhmait, Cog. 130.z . rachmait, Marco P. 175 . rachmaid, RC xxvi 164.4 . —ragham, Dán Dé viii 7 . —racham, Content. vi 241 . 3 pl. rachaid, TSh. 4311 . pass. rachthair, DDána 43.3 . rachtar, TSh. 4464 . raghar, Dán Dé xxv 46 . Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 .

Condit. 1 s. —rachaind, ZCP vi 48.15 . 2 s. —rachthá, Desid. 4449 . do rachtha , Mac Aingil 36.13 . 3 s. no ragad , Cog. 50.9 . do rachadh , TSh. 5545 . DDána 6.15 . rachadh (rel.), Donlevy 358.23 . —raghadh, PBocht 23.37 . Desid. 3515 . —rachadh, BNnÉ 322 § 28 . TD 27.32 . —rachfadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 605 . —reachadh, Luc. Fid. 367.1 . 3 pl. do ragtais , Ann. Conn. 1235.14 = ALC i 326.21 . do rachdaois , Luc. Fid. 36.10 . TD 7 26 . —raghduis, ZCP xiii 180.9 . —rachdais, BCC 122.36 . —rachdaois, TSh. 5309 . pass. ro ragthai , Cog. 208.2 .

Pret. and perf. The past tense in Early Mod. Ir. is supplied by the perf. of O. and Mid. Ir., forms of luid— occurring only sporadically as archaisms in a few Early Mod. texts. 3 s. du luid , Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . roloduir, Stair Erc. 1223 . do lodamar , ITS iii 22.2 . 3 pl. lottar, Cog. 28.y . lodor, Keat. i 182.39 (in verse). dolotar, BCC 338.30 (in verse).

1 s. —deachodhus, Aithd. D. 10.10 . 2 s. do chuadhais , Dán Dé ix 18 . do dechadais , ZCP iv 390.9 . MR 34.4 . —deachais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1597 . 3 s. dochuaidh, Keat. ii 1587 . Aithd. D. 1.3 , and passim. dochóidh, Maund. 31 . AFM vi 2162.z . Aithd. D. 10.40 . PBocht 5.39 . docháidh, Keat. ii 1389 (in verse). Ó Bruad. i 32 . Dán Dé ix 2 . Aithd. D. 67.7 . ó chuaidh , Celt. Rev. x 142.29 . Ó Bruad. iii 134.23 . chuaidh (rel.), ITS xvii 130.416 . Donlevy 304.23 . do dechaidh , D IV 2, 40c34 . do dheachaidh , AFM iv 892.21 . Fl. Earls 144.16 . 152.3 . —dechaid, ML² 1883 . —deachaidh, DDána 32.2 , and passim. —deochaid, Ann. Conn. 1398.6 . 1 pl. do cuamar, Cog. 76.21 . 100.6 . do-chuamair, TD 8.1 . do-chámar, DDána 3.17 . do chuadhmuir-ne, ML 18.4 . —deachamair, TD 14.8 . 2 pl. do-chuabhair, TD 22a.3 . DDána 26.3 . 3 pl. do chuadar, TSh. 2447 . Stair Erc. 2326 . do-chódar, TD 26.16 . DDána 105.27 . do-chádair, 93.13 . ra chuatar, Cog. 226.27 . chuadar, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.8 . do choidset, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.20 . dodeachatar, AFM iv 838.6 . Fl. Earls 194.15 . dechadar, O'Gr. Cat. 98.5. —deachatar, Fl. Earls 24.6 . —deachadar, Keat. ii 384 . —deochatar, Ann. Conn. 1256.8 . —dechsat, BNnÉ 329 § 65 . —deachsad, TD 16.5 . Keat. i 182.26 . pass. do-chuas, DDána 52.15 . do-cuas, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 . AFM v 1580.z . ro cuas , 1904.2 . ra chuas , TFrag. 14.1 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. —deachar, FDG 391. Dán Dé vi 10 . DDána 58.19 . —dighear, 38.29 . —deach mé, 26.27 . Dán Dé xxv 66 . 2 s. —dechuir, Maund. 36 . —dechair, Stair Erc. 2316 . —deachair, TSh. 10768 . 3 s. —dhech (rel.), Lism. L. 2711 . BNnÉ 18.9 . gé dheach , IGT Decl. exx. 1097 , 1235 , 1241 . Cf. madh mh'anam dheachus dochum nimhe (rechus, v.l.), BNnÉ 18.9 . —dech, IGT Decl. ex. 1014 . —deach, DDána 93.29 . Dán Dé xv 8 , and passim. —digh, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . 3 C 12, 5.13 . 1 pl. —deacham, DDána 27a.3 . 3 pl. dechuid, Stair Erc. 1951 . dá ndeachud , Desid. 43 . pass. —dighthir, Studies 1921, 419 § 14 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. —deachainn, Content. xviii 92 . PBocht 1.30 . 2 s. —dechtha, ZCP vi 46.17 . Duan. F. i 64 § 46 . —deachtha, DDána 86.34 . 3 s. —digsed, D IV 2, 40c17 . 75b34 . —diccseadh, AFM vi 1896.y . —deachadh, Aithd. D. 77.29 . Content. v 41 . TSh. 3385 . O'Gr. Cat. 197.17 , and passim. —deachaidh, DDána 95.7 v.l. A. Ó Dálaigh viii 11. 1 pl. —deachmaois, TD 16.40 . 3 pl. —dechtais, Ann. Conn. 1406.4 . —deachdís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1163 . —deachadaois (sic leg.), Content. xxiv 22.

Vnn. techt, dul.

MEANINGS.

Goes, proceeds . Used absolutely, with accus., and with adverbs and prepositions particularising the meaning.

I Absolute uses.

(a) proceeds, goes forward, turns out : nā rega in dál sin `that respite shall not be given,' MacCongl. 29.5 . coná d'athchlaind mar dochúaid `as it was no case of an inferior line,' Metr. Dinds. iv 260.31 . maith dochuaidh críoch a bhagair `well did his bluster succeed,' TD 3.37 .

(b) goes away, departs: o dochóid in t-aingel when the angel departed, PH 3470 . téid iar sin `thereupon he departs,' Ériu xii 188.5 . airc-seo a Eochaid lat ainfiuss `be off with thy ignorance,' Ériu viii 157.1 .

(c) passes away, vanishes: madh ro bhui aige in tan do rinne in cunnradh, ocus do chuaidh fri dethbirius `if he had it (the property) when he made the contract and it passed away from him by necessity,' Laws iv 38.3 Comm. tiad na toirthe mar théid clú, DDána 45.10 . bean i ndeachaidh cuimhne a cuirp who has abandoned fleshly desires, 32.2 . do-chuaidh fá chíogh dtighearna `it was brought to an end by the Lord's breast (?),' Aithd. D. 60.1 . Hence: isind lathi luid yesterday , TBC-LL¹ 3605 (ané, v.l.). adaig cétaine dochuaid, SG 57.3 .

(d) dies (also with accus. bás, éc, see II). nach missi téite ar thuus, SR 2036 . ni theit oac and re siun a young man does not die there before an old, IT i 133.2 . do cháidh tar ceann a charad `He died for His friends,' Dán Dé xx 4 . ? Here also: gé atú ar ndol do ghorta, Duan. F. i 86.1 .

(e) Miscellaneous absolute uses. is follus issin magin sin téte aitherrechtaigthe ní ashire oldáta maicc ┐ aui `that a patronymic goes further than sons and grandsons,' Sg. 30b12 . ua dluith deinmech am docuas andsin (of a horserace), TTebe 2334 . ma direach an indus tiasda `if they run in a straight direction' (of waters), Laws iv 144.2 Comm. cēini (? sic leg.) tias fo nim as long as I walk on earth, ZCP vi 257 § 3 . dochuadar iar sin ┐ nír ansat gur ghabhsat cuan, Stair Erc. 2326 . do-chuaidh ar sealg ag síneadh continued , Aithd. D. 67.8 . cred teigi `wherefore comest thou ?,' TTebe 4332 . can lod `whence hast thou come ?,' RC xiv 406.2 . ragat-sa ... dar a cheann I will go security on his behalf, Laws v 226.14 Comm. (see under IV 9 (c) and Bürgschaft 35 ). conach cert-tiaghait lucht ind Auraiccepta `do not reach a correct conclusion,' ITS xxxiv 38.3 , `do not rightly say,' Ir. Hist. Stud. ii 331 . ? Gramm. In list of words decl. as masc. o—stems and used only in sg.: Breatnach. Boirneach ... Imleach (an feadh téid) as far as it goes, IGT Decl. 55.10 . coimdhe (decl. like fili) acht gan illrad aigi (an feadh téid, v.l.), 74 § 21.

II With accus.

(a) Of the route, etc. followed: connach rabi dóib conar dochoistís acht for Sligi M., LU 6752 . Cf. uair nachar conair fuigill don tiaghtur do gabhail na athgabala, Laws i 272.16 Comm. crich do teid uisce glaise `a district (boundary ?) through which the water of a streamlet flows,' iv 144.10 Comm. cia heret teit Adam uait, SR 1197 . ind fithis tete in peccad issí téte in pian inna diglae, Ml. 28c19 . co na bud inann sét tiastais, PH 7045 . So also of crossing seas, lakes, etc.: co luid Moisi Muir Romuir, SR 2310 . sic mór co ndechus do cois. locha Erenn, RC xviii 301.38 . mad nochtaile ... ni dicead scuithe ar a dluithe ocus ni dichet dam ar a hairde `if it be a naked fence ... the small cattle could not pass through it from its closeness ..., Laws iv 112.7 .

(b) Of the expedition, journey, etc.: ? rechmi cath n-imrind, LU 3423 . do chuadhmuir-ne cuairt chosguir, ML 18.4 . oenach indiu luid in rí, RC vii 290.1 . mairg ragas in sluagad, TBC-LL¹ 792 . ar nā tesed in targraidh, RC xvi 81.29 .

(c) With bás, éc, etc. dies, perishes: na tiastais aidid ngorta, SR 3407 . tiagait báas, Wb. 11d12 . mairc dochuaid bās ar Dia, Ériu iii 196 § 13 . is cumma dam ce bát é éc tíasur, LU 7882 . co ndechais gortai, LL 286b19 . cia thiasusa martri, Wb. 23c31 . cid dia tánac isin n-ármag ... co ndeochais uathbás and that you may swoon there (?) LU 4943 . See also under IV 6 (d).

(d) Various objects: luid in mug cétna chét-chol `came the slave to the first original crime,' Metr. Dinds. iii 84.16 . nicon dichet mess moga la Feine gell oir `the estimation of a slave among the Feine does not extend to a pledge of gold,' Laws v 394.5 . da n-ech ... | Gainne ocus Rea regda guis `welche Stürmischkeit erlangen werden' (?), ZCP xii 245 § 9 . a lléim dochúatár ... tarsin cathraig, LU 9129 . a nimbed són ind sloig dolega na ní tete `which destroys whatever it comes to,' Ml. 62b20 . ní na téit do menma-su | teiti menma neich aile, IT i 97.19 . in mothar sciath sin ... nad raigther techt trit no thairis that dense mass of shields, it will not be possible to get through it or by it, Ériu v 240.121 . ? ni dichet tegde doichlech, Thes. ii 292.19 . Echaid | nach dechaid traighid madma, SG 104.13 . secht trath namma teigthi tall in olden times they observed only seven canonical hours, KMMisc. 158.163 .

(e) With (neuter) infixed or suffixed pronoun (with adverbial force): connach digtith `so that ye have not so gone,' Wb. 9b19 . dachotar coirp `bodies went thus,' Ml. 38b2 . nandrigad `that he would not so go,' Thes. ii 242.6 . cate lib i mbárach fer i n-ath? téite Lárine or A., LU 6063 . The suff. pron. is frequently redundant: téiti úad, TBFr. 366 . teite Cuchulainn a dochum, RC iii 175.17 . fecht ann luidi a muime do blegon na (m)bó, Lat. Lives 47.12 . With ed, referring to a prec. or follg. clause: in leth togairmfe in coimdiu ... is ed ragum, PH 1838 . issed tete a ndíruidigthe ut bene dochum indí as fere `'tis to this that the derivative goes, as bene to fere ,' Sg. 188a13 . iss ed luide intí A. ar tús, in Moesiam, TTr.² 233 . With ón: docoid-som ón `he went that going' (notes), Ériu ii 222.4 . Cf. ráid-siu friss ar com-thé co moch imbárach sund tell him to come to me, TBC-LL¹ 1978 (techt, v.l.).

III With adverbs and adverbial phrases: connach fess ... | cid teite, SR 8116 . cia thé wherever he goes, Ériu iv 100.2 . fēch ca tēighe, ZCP xii 381.23 . é leth luidi for tochmarc thither she has gone a-wooing, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . cid dían ┐ cían nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . nī malodsaid you did not well to go, TBC-I¹ 870 . olc húar lodsai (sic leg.), IT iii 244.24 . cia lín ludfamar, RC xiv 412.19 . m'anim nī dig immada may my soul not go astray, Thes. ii 349.2 . lom luidh lom tuilith, O'Gr. Cat. 91.2. ó do-coíset rindi im-masech `nachdem die [Speer-]spitzen aneinander vorbeigeflogen sind,' ZCP xi 84 § 32 . ni téit an faosam amach 'na deaghaidh `the exemption (afforded by a living person) does not follow (the distress) out,' Laws i 102.4 . cosmhuil go ragha sé saor it is likely that it will go unpunished, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 13 . ó nach rach i bhfad to make a long story short (?), DDána 91.10 . gealladh dol síos ar ar son may she promise to plead for us (?), 21.20 . mairg ag a ndeachaidh sé síos | cíos Dé `is in arrear,' Dán Dé xxvii 21 . do-chuaidh síos ... | an uaill has abated, Aithd. D. 7.18 .

Frequ. with foll. clause introduced by co n- and expressing purpose: tiagsa con tall a chenn dind aithiuch `I will go to take his head off,' Ml. 58c6 . tiagsa conda tucsa, TBFr. 309 . ragaid dia nom-fóemuid ar th'eniuch `come and yield to me,' RC iii 346.31 . Also with consec. clause: lotar co rancatar co airm i mboí F., LU 3350.

IV With prepositions and prepositional phrases (see also under the various prepp.).

1 With ar and for.

(a) goes upon, sets out on, etc.: ni far cuairt parche docoid, Wb. 21a12 . in slánicid ... corop slán ani forsa te `the salve ... that whole may be that whereon it goes,' Thes. ii 249.9 . do teighdis fein ara ngluinib 'na ḟiadnaisi `fell on their knees,' Maund. 16.

(b) Of sexual union: ech uisci ... do chuaidh ar inghin in t-sacairt `copulavit cum,' O'Don. Suppl. s.v. míol. ní dechaidh Bran ar choin riemh `B. never mated with a hound,' Duan. F. i 40.5 .

(c) resorts to, indulges in, becomes subject to: lautar forsna harmu, ZCP viii 105.8 . ? slógh Liag ina laeidhengaib | do lón tiad ar tháballaib, IGT Decl. ex. 374 . ní théighim air rún I keep it not secret, ITS iii 276.1 (1st. ed.). amuil do coisead for nadm ann ┐ ratha `as if upon securities and guarantees,' Laws iv 100.9 Comm. focul for braich lis riasiu do cae for descthu `before it is put to ferment,' ii 242.13 . cia deach in flaith for doma de `becomes indigent,' v 266.14 Comm. na digsitís ar dermat ... úad (of Cú Chulainn's clesa), TBC-LL¹ 2123 . si-se ag dul ar doimheanmain becoming dejected, DDána 37.12 .

(d) is inflicted upon, comes upon (of misfortunes, etc.); is given to: in dígal dochoid for diabul, Wb. 28b30 . in mess ... is hé rigas forru, Thes. ii 1.14 . anfīr docōid form, ZCP vii 307.4 . ni raga urcra forro `no decay comes upon them,' RC vi 183.8 . re a ndeachaidh oruinn d'iomráth `because of all the gossip that has been made about me,' TD 30.6 . na naoi cconnsuine ar a ttéid séimhiughadh the nine consonants subject to lenition, IGT Introd. 1.y . rofinnatar a pecthe rosíu docói grád forru before they enter holy orders, Wb. 29a28 . ni techta nach foessam ar na tegat ratha fine `for no `foessam' is lawful which is not supported by sureties of the tribe,' Laws iv 206.17 . lóg a enech ... t.¤ fora naidm he may go surety to the amount of his honour-price, Críth G. 128 . See Bürgschaft §§ 75 - 6 , 72 . céad urdail ... | rachaidh orthoibh `a hundred times as much ... will be given for them,' TD 31.15 . ní ragha m'umhla ar th-aiceacht `my deference shall not be given to your teaching,' Content. ix 6 . dochōid for m'einech ┐ for m'anmain airec co Ailill `it lies upon my honour,' ZCP iv 44.29 . feib do chuaid fair `as he was requested' (?), ML 154.6 . dá ndeach tir ar fhuil na n-Iarladh is buried (?), Aithd. D. 38.13 . ? dá ndeach tir ar thruime ar gcean, Dán Dé xv 8 . Legal, t.¤ x for y y becomes liable for x: is tobach aile teit forra `there is a levying of two days upon them,' Laws i 146.18 Comm. cia forsa ragha in cinsa? who shall become liable for this offence? Nero A vii, 141a ( O'D. 2203 ). cest, cid tēite for fornaidm cāich? ... miach for breithemain what is due? ZCP xiii 24.4 .

(e) attacks, overcomes: ni tiaguit flaithe for eagluis `come against,' Laws iii 70.1 . éirghidh ar Ulltaibh, óir atá fíor gcatha agaibh chuca, Keat. ii 5642 . docúas iarsin ar in side, IT i 130.8 . ni dechaid coll cána ar goil the breaking of the law did not get the better of valour (?), ACL iii 304 II § 3 . Similarly: ni fetatar cindas noregadáis ara marbad `how they should go in order to slay him,' TTr.² 1097 . nech marbus duine hi cath ... bliadain col-leith ... acht ni te for ind guin ó rumaid riam `a year and a half (of penance), provided he does not pursue the slaughter after the fight is won,' Ériu vii 166.24 . ? dá ndeachud oraind seacha so if they attack me in spite of this (?), Desid. 43 . Impers.: cia beith a lin na n-oged ni dechas for losait doib however numerous the guests, the kneading losset never failed (to supply) them, Irish Texts i 3 § 7 . dochuaid ar mo luth my vigour is exhausted, Ériu viii 172.9 . oram rachaidh a rádha `will it be impossible for me to say,' PBocht 12.10 .

(f) Impers. t.¤ oc x for (ar) y x prevails over y: téid ag óigh ar a hoidhre `the Virgin prevails over her son,' Studies 1939, 99 § 11 . dochuaidh aca ar in mbaile, AFM vi 2174.19 . Also with la: fa chaislen Sligidh ┐ do cuas fair leis, AU ii 424.21 .

(g) changes into, is exchanged for, becomes: do chonách ... | téid ... ar dobrón, Aithd. D. 79.14 . do chuaidh a neimh ar neamhghrúig, PBocht 21.32 .

(h) t.¤ x do y ar z x inspires, causes, gives rise to z in y: crú an chígh fa lár do leigeadh | téid dó ar dhéanamh foighidean `calls forth His patience,' Aithd. D. 59.12 . ni ar thime ná ar tlás dochúaidh sin dó, AFM iii 518.8 . Cf. téid mar uaisle dḟine Chuinn it is a proof of nobility in the family of C., Content. ix 2.

(i) Various: ní bar torad precepte nach aili tíagussa `it is not the fruit of any other's teaching I appropriate (?),' Wb. 17b18 (see, however, Hermathena xxii (1932) 272 - 3 ). Cf. 17b20 . docoised ferchend fora beolu a man's head would have fitted between his lips, LU 5919 . do deochaidh tra iarum for aithgin neich bronnair ann `yet it afterwards was exchanged for restoration of the thing which was damaged,' Laws iv 98.16 Comm. raghaidh an taen for an aen `the one will go to the other' (of things which attract each other, e.g. woman and honey, child and milk, etc.), Leb. Gab.(i) 46.22 . ? gan dol as a dhíoghrais damh | le hArt Óg is é ar gconnradh | ... | 's ní rach choidhche ar mo chomaoin, L. Cl. A. B. 229.104 .

(j) With prepositional and adverbial phrases (see also under cel, cend, cúl, etc.). t.¤ ar (for) cend goes towards, for, etc. luid ... | Dáuid ar cinn ind fir sin, SR 5861 . conndecharsa for a chind, TBC-LL¹ p. 864 . luidh int escop ciuin ar ceal passed away, AU i 596.y . co ndechatar ... for comairce a crochi sought the protection of, PH 3944 . luid in grian fora culu went back, Ml. 16c10 . do luid for iarraid usce `went to look for water,' RC xxiv 198.9 . airg-siu for a imgabāil, KMMisc. 208.15 . dia luid D. for longais re saul went into exile from S., Ml. 55c1 . dochuatar for nefní came to nought, vanished, PH 4261 . go ndeachadh an eagluis ar seachran would go astray, Luc. Fid. 367.1 . tiagat for teiched, Ml. 54b12 .

2 With ass.

(a) goes out of, leaves: lotar asin chathraig, TTr.² 18 . ragáet in mac. raluid a h-altaib `er ist aus den Fugen gegangen,' TBC-LL¹ 4735 = coṅdechaid a altaib dó, TBC-I¹ 2995 . docoid som a foraithmiut dae `he passed out of God's remembrance,' Ml. 32d10 . ri dochoid ... | asa doenacht 'na déacht, SR 7757 . as an ré dochuaidh caitheamh (sic leg.) time has dwindled, Dán Dé xxv 5 . gan dol as a dhíoghrais damh | le hArt Óg is é ar gconnradh that he shall not relinquish his love for me, L. Cl. A. B. 229.101 . ó chuaidh a lúith ┐ a lámhach ... as, Celt. Rev. x 142.29 .

(b) With 3 s. neut. t.¤ ass.

(i) departs: luid as for leith, SR 3023 . tíagam ass, TBFr. 194.

(ii) escapes: co ndeachaidh ass a cóir n-éludha, RC xvii 347.24 . nach téid aonduine as ó bhuille an chloidhimh, TSh. 7818.

(iii) elapses (of time), passes away, vanishes: co ṅdechsad as in sapoit, PH 3692 . ni dechaid an snechta-sin as co tanic Notlaic mor, Ann. Conn. 1245.10 . nā dech as da chlú doráith, ZCP vii 298.13 .

(iv) dies: dín ló dochúaid C. ass, RC xx 12 § 20. an fear red thaobh mar théid as, Dán Dé xxv 11 . a ndeachaidh as 's a bhfuilimíd beo, Hackett xxiv 3.

(c) Gramm. `cia ra sir' is cóir ... óir ní théid `s' eiste féin for `s' is not mutated (i.e. eclipsed after m.sg. infix.), Éigse ii 118.68 . ní théid Sealbhadh `r' eiste féin, 80 . Cf. ní théid Sealbhadh oibrighthe uathaidh faisnéise i `m' amach does not mutate `m' (?), 117.14 . Cf. IGT Introd. 12.25 - 6 .

3 With cen (gan).

téid gan déanamh is left undone, Content. xiv 12 . má théid énrand gan tuigse | dom dhánsa ó dhuine ar domhan `if one stanza ... passes the understanding of anyone,' Studies 1918, 617 § 4 . nī dechaid duine ... gan guin ... ō Eōgan, ML² 1883.

4 With co, dochum.

(a) goes to, towards: isin deseircc et spirut rigthir cuccuib, Wb. 9a23 . on techtairiu dochoid cuccusom, 14d30 . tíagair chuccu do fhis scél dús cid ro chaínset, TBFr. 260 . faillsigter sin do F. ... ┐ luidh gusan aes dana na tistais cuigi `sent a message,' Lism. L. 3024 . gach aon dīp gabhuss spirut genmnaighechta do láimh is chuca téighit `she joins these' (a religious community), Fl. Earls 180.30 . tiagait ho firinni inna stoir dochom inna toimten togaitach, Ml. 14a5 . lotar ... co rrici in topor, LU 5369.

(b) Of marriage, sexual union: intí immurgu téte a dochumsi `those who visit her' (a harlot), Wb. 9d5 . amal tiagtae mná hua célib co firu aili, Ml. 125a2 . ni pa ferr in rí cosa ragthar one could be married to no better king, RC viii 154 § 5 . cid cossin n-echaire théisi, ZCP iv 43.23 . téigh a steach chum minnilte, Gen. xvi 2.

(c) Various: racha dochum n-ēcca ind thou wilt die therein, ZCP vii 306.12 . dá ndeach do chóir go lá an luain `if thy justice be put off till Monday,' Aithd. D. 84.26 . do chóidh a cuibhdheas chugoinn its equivalent has gone to us, Dán Dé xviii 22 . gur ob é an Philpin téd go Burcacuib that he is the P. who is traced back to the Burkes, Hy Fiach. 332.8 . ga tteim do chum leanamhnuibh that I am resorting to syllogisms, Luc. Fid. 324.10 . ? ní théit beo don tsluagh ... | acht aen laech luidhius go h-ois `who went frantic,' MR 320.6 .

5 With de.

(a) departs from, leaves, abandons: notheged dia chonair cid míli cheimmend nobeth in chross would go aside from his road, Lat. Lives 16.11 . muna deachar dhí | ... | ród na déirce if I do not stray from it, Dán Dé vi 10 . ciamad isin dara cét lá ... do deachasum ... de `that he was warned off (the land),' Laws iv 136.4 Comm. ? nocha rachaidh ferann dib a rudhradh da cheile, H 3.18, 224a ( O'Curry 403 ). oc fir dia ndich dag-airliud .i. oca mbí degbriathar, TBC-I¹ 1696 . ragaid ... do nirt for nert will go from strength to strength, PH 4673 . an lucht théid don chreideamh cháir who abandon the true faith, Content. xvi 17 . o rachas di `when it goes off her' (of a fit), Laws iii 228.x Comm. dá ndeachadh mh'aire dh'Eoghan should I become forgetful of E., DDána 65.3 . do chuaidh a ciall do'n cathírghail they lost hope of having an engagement, Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.15 . téid a bhláth dhe efflorebit, TSh. 3799.

(b) outstrips: luid díb, feib digsed in gaeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 250.115 . Cf. dá gach mnaoi ... do-chuaidh surpassed , Aithd. D. 1.3 . ar chlú dhíot ní dheachaidh sluagh, ib. note (Magauran MS).

(c) escapes from: indar lem nocha raghthar de you will not escape, Sc.M² 19.35 . ? conná térna ass acht a n-dechuid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib, IT i 76.9 . fear fiadhaigh dar dhocra dul, DDána 59.6 .

(d) t.¤ x de y x fails y, y fails to accomplish x: do leith féin dá ndeachadh dhíom `didst thou fail me of thine own part,' TD 22a.14 . gach raon eile da ndeach díom `if every other road were impossible,' Aithd. D. 84.30 . go ndeachaidh de féin a fhios do bheith aige ..., Eochairsg. 65.15 . With gan: do chuaidh díomsa gan bheith bocht, Dánta Gr. 88.17 . do chuaidh de Chailbhin gan a fhios do bheith aige cionnus ..., Eochairsg. 65.19 . Impers. t.¤ de x x fails: dá ndigh díbhsi, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . tēid do c[h]umhra f[h]rēime an rīogh, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 11 . go racha do ghlóir Gaoidheal that the glory of the Gaedhil will diminish, DDána 85.23 .

(e) Various: cid docuaidh do[t] tairisi-siu re Tuirn o cein `what has become of?,' Aen. 1651 . ra luidin[n]—se de marcaib `I used to ride on steeds,' Ériu i 72 § 3 . téid do nimh t'othair ... | gur mhothaigh the result is, Aithd. D. 84.28 .

(f) With prepositional phrases: in tan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away,' Ml. 21c3 . dinnis do go rabhadar na guirt ag dul deasbuidh a mbuana that the fields were in need of cutting (were perishing for want of cutting?), ITS xvi 118.30 .

6 With do.

(a) goes to, towards: fo béesad fir téte do chath, Wb. 9a3 . cia loc sainriud dia regtais, Ml. 99b10 . lotar dó they went thither, Sc.M² 22.16 . luid dó, a Mic Conglinne `go to,' MacCongl. 53.13 . lotar ... na echlacha dó `gingen die läufer hin,' TBC-LL¹ 98 . do chuaidh ar bhfear dúasach dhó `is gone thither' =has died (?), Éigse iii 168 § 9 . dial-lathreib cona ragad so that he might not take their place (?) (i.e. Joseph), SR 3132 . raigma do lathiu lanbratha, LL 122b39 .

(b) With vn. constr. expressing purpose goes to, goes for the purpose of: ni do legund and docoadsa `it was not to study there that I had come,' Wb. 18d6 . mug luide hua abracham do thochmurc rebicae do ísác, Ml. 127d3 . tíagam día accallaim, LU 3380 . ní rach dá laoidheadh, PBocht 11a .8.

(c) Similarly with other nouns implying action: hóre déte do chorp crist indigne `when one goes to Christ's Body indigne ,' Wb. 11d7 . regait fir Hérenn do brāth, Thes. ii 319.2 . cethri tucaite ara tiaghar do chrois four reasons why men visit crosses, ZCP v 498.16 . rachtar dá bhfios visitabuntur, TSh. 4464.

(d) t.¤ d'éc dies: in dara fer tēite d'ēcc, ZCP vii 307.13 . nó go ndeachaidh d'éag, Ériu i 99.z .

(e) applies to: is do tiagait ind rétai sin huili dont lathur diaisndísiu `to this apply all those things,' Wb. 5c16 . is do gnimaib amal sodin téit a uideri , Ml. 3a4 . combad donaib huilib doinib notésed, 54a21 . is inunn dia teit lesom an ioseph ┐ an effraim `apply to the same thing,' 100b9 . robad dund sasad diant ainm panis tantum noregad, 118b6 . ? To this: in biait is inmain adrad | cein-mair anmain dia ndichet `heil der Seele, auf die er sich bezieht,' KMMisc. 212.13 .

(f) is given to: cid biad no ragad día n-echaib, LU 8833 . is taisce ragus in apdaine d'fine ... ina do deoruigh, Laws iii 78.10 Comm. ragaid do breth bu-déin duid thou shalt have whatever thou choosest, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . do chloinn do-chóidh a n-aire they paid attention to, DDána 27a.10 . is d'ollamhain ... | téid a ghuala an ollam has the right to sit by the king's side, Aithd. D. 32.4 . Cf. luid in chumal sin du forlóg ochtir achid `that `cumal' went to the additional price of O.A.,' Thes. ii 240.2 . Hence téit x do y y succeeds in doing x: a bhuain díot dá ndeachadh dhuit if you succeeded in taking it off, DDána 102.26 . fear dá ndeachaidh cuma an chosgair `man who could contrive victory,' TD 34.14 .

(g) fares with, turns out for: maith do chuaidh do bhán-fhonn Breagh | S. an uair do hoirdneadh `well for the fair land of B.,' Content. xxx 14 . curub olc do chuaidh dó gan comairli C.C. do gabáil, BCC 380.39 . fech cionnus téit a chomhairled dontí dobeir duit hi see how the advice works with the person who gives it to you, Ériu v 128 § 26.

(h) suits, becomes: amail as dech téit do mnái, TBC-LL¹ 44 . bíd cuid do na coimplexuibh da dtéid an samhradh go maith, 23 K 42, 27.14 .

(i) Various: don turus dia ndechaid, LU 9042 . trít chride dochuatar dait, co nderna chrois díb (of spears), TBC-LL¹ 4337 . ? méraidh am chroidhe a chleath Bhreagh | eabh in oighi gé dheach dhamh, IGT Decl. ex. 1241 . do cuaidh C. di ar ai betha na haidhci sin (of a path), Stair Erc. 1749 . docuaidh in dochar sin don rígh co mór that wrong hurt the king greatly, Expugn. Hib. 63 . ní théid duit-se fa dheireadh | do chisde dar cruinnigheadh `ní fhoghnann sé dhuit,' DDána 53.4 . gach cáil 'na ndeachamair duit `every quality in which I served thee,' TD 14.8 . t.¤ do láim goes to communion: do aes na tet do laim riam `that go not before to Communion,' Thes. ii 255.12 . co ndechaddar do laim, Mon. Tall. 163.21 . ? is mithigh i n-anmain Dé do tháed do láim (seems used here of ordinary eating), Ériu i 44.25 . docúaidh doráith leo a mharbadh `they resolved,' BNnÉ 41.36 . docoidh doraith occo, CCath. 3256.

7 With eter.

Goes between; comes to pass between (of quarrels, reconciliations, etc.): dochostis itir a tobor ┐ sliab, TBC-I¹ 894 . ? légais rúne rochúaid eter scolaib screptra, LU 829 (ACC). air chlaontaibh ... noch a rachadh eadruinn ┐ Dia which would come between us and God, Donlevy 358.23 . teid cirgala ┐ imserga etarro, RC xxiv 174.z . ní rachadh ... réidhteach eadrainne agus sibhsi no reconciliation would have taken place between us, Maguires of F. 52.15 . is e ordughadh dochuaidh eatorra `the arrangement made between them,' Keat. ii 1587.

8 With fo.

(a) goes under: croicend muici Dūisi, | cech oen fō tēged thaebh every one under whose body it went, ZCP xii 244.16 . suainem tar blái foa ndichet carpat under which a chariot can go, O'Mulc. 759 . ionnas nach rachadh ... faoi lár be lost , Donlevy xv 11.

(b) undergoes, submits to: in tain diagmani fo baithis, Wb. 3a15 . luid fo recht `underwent the Law,' Fél. Jan. 1 . ar na tiagsad fo graid nepscuip, Mon. Tall. 134.13 . in tan dochuaid fo recht n-imdibe, PH 5684.

(c) dies by (the sword) : tiagamm fo chlaideb, SR 3628 . dochuaidh Pol fo cloidhem, MacCarthy 284.1 . tri bliadhna d 'O Neill nertmoir, | in-Ath-cliath luidh fo lannaibh, 422.y (sic leg. with BB 50b29 ).

(d) goes towards, throughout: sic ducuaid inducbal cruche crist fun domun spread throughout the world, Ml. 65c9 . do cuas leis fo crich Sheóach, AFM v 1580.z . téid fo'n gcath arís, ITS i 96.9 .

(e) attacks, assails: cethra foa tiagat coin alltai `whom wolves attack,' Ériu ii 210.2 . sgéala do chuaidh fam chridhe, Aithd. D. 14.12 . dochuaid h. Dubda fuithib, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 .

(f) Various: do-chóidh ré na feirge faoi set , Aithd. D. 95.22 . berbtar cerc ... co ndeachad a trian fó bruith `until it boil down to one third,' O'Gr. Cat. 197.17. téid 'n-a haonar fat éaruic `she undertakes herself to pay thy ` éiric ,' Aithd. D. 68.16 . téighim gan chleith dhaoibh nó dhamh | fa a bheith i laoidh nó i leabhar I guarantee that they are all in lay or book (?), Content. xxi 7 . a tigerna, teim fēin fod' grāsaibh, ZCP vi 48.37 . ? do-chuaid fa a chró a ferg d'fulang | dulann dó a celg ar Conall, Irish Texts ii 17 § 9 . nocha teigim fo guth cluic I go not at the sound of the bell, ZCP vi 263 § 10.

9 With fri.

(a) goes towards, against; opposes: mani dichset mna ernochta fris, LU 5193 . cet cia theis fri baigh | Aedha he is permitted to contend with A. (?), AFM i 408.x . co ndech comla fri haieór till the firmament be enclosed by a door, ZCP viii 111.15 . luibh shídh do-cháidh rer gcneadhaibh, Aithd. D. 67.7 . ní thēiss hi forgull fri nech, ACL iii 312 § 6 . tíat Lugaid fris let L. go to meet him (? about that matter, see under (e)), TBC-I¹ 1363.

(b) devotes oneself to, adopts, takes a certain course: docotar iterum fri tola in betho they have given themselves over again to worldly desires, Wb. 29a8 . conn-dechaid re filidecht took up poetry, RC v 201 § 17 . dochuaid re marttra dar cend C., PH 659 . Of Christ submitting to the Cross: rí dochoid fri crann crucha, SR 7753 . With menmae: ar is res do cuaidh meanma an ughduir cumadh mó ... it was this the author had in mind, Laws ii 42.3 Comm. `according to the intention of the author,' iv 10.27 Comm. dochúaid a menma fris ┐ rotholtnaigestar dí in gilla rochalma, TTr.² 472 . ní th-ari-siu téit ria it is no business of yours, Ériu i 134.4 . Cf. a-rís ní rach le bronnadh `never again shall I be engaged in gift-giving,' Aithd. D. 39.40 .

(c) guarantees, goes surety for (see also under I (e) and Bürgschaft 35 ): o testaib coraib cengur do gnim frisi tiaguid, Laws i 266.6 . coir cin co ica acht cert aithgin ris i ndeachaidh `but the proper compensation for what he guaranteed,' iv 260.15 Comm. in ti ris-i ndechaidh lamh `for whom he has gone security,' v 226.27 Comm. Cf. in fer ris i ndechaid taib `in whose behalf he interfered,' iii 238.16 .

(d) takes after, resembles: gibe don da fhior re a ttéd (of a child), MS. Mat. 581.18 . is re dolb-gnimaib ... D. do chuadar do chert-chlesa took after, MR 294.17 .

(e) Various: rofhiarfacht doib ... cid ní risi ndechadar on what business they had come, TTebe 4757 . cia doragad risin techtairecht sain, CRR 24.17 . mar go ndeachaidh Solamh ré seachrán, TSh. 3507 . téid re hoighreadh dath do dhearc is as handsome as (?), DDána 106.31 .

10 With i n—.

(a) goes into, enters: is euseph duchoid in egipt, Ml. 84c9 . ara tesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that `b' should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . á eret tias in cascc isin mís, Thes. ii 39.25 . Samér (a river) téite a llochaib Éirne i mmuir, Trip.² 2952 . iss ann téit in cach n-oenrind (of the sun), SR 232 . co ndechatár secht ferchubat di senamain in tige i talmain, LU 8377 . na téged in rí féin isin cath, ZCP viii 317.19 . in la no ragad i coblach ` embarked ,' Cog. 50.9 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 800.

(b) penetrates, invades, attacks: cindas tíagar ina n-inni de? `how is their meaning arrived at?,' Hib. Min. 297 . a bás do chuaidh 'n-a chridhe, PBocht 14.23 . do cuadar siat a tiagernus Ser Gido they invaded the lordship of Sir Guy, Fier. 237 . do chuadur Clann Domhnaill ionta líon a slōigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 7.12 .

(c) goes into (of numbers, etc.), fits into: da deich ... | tiagait hisin certfichit, SR 746 . adrolaic a beólu co ndechsad óen na rigthige inna croes, LU 9104 . lestar bec, ┐ da lan dec uidi circi isedh teit ind, Laws i 106.24 Comm.

(d) goes to, sets about, resorts to, indulges in (of actions and states of being): na téit i llánamnas (non adducat praeputium), Wb. 10a15 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, Ml. 62d1 . luid in ailithri, 74b5 . co ndechuith in crucem, Wb. 22b11 . dochōtar Ulaid ina nōendnin, TBC-I¹ 874 . na cuic seoit tet a lobad di `that are forfeited,' Laws i 272.3 Comm. ní théid éantroigh i n-uabhar, Aithd. D. 11.33 . moch do chúaidh grian ina gáibh the sun has resorted early to his rays, L. Cl. A. B. 234.88 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha `enter not into securities for peace,' TD 15.45 . Note also: ragmait-ni 'n-a fhurtacht-sum, CRR 28.21 . teigdis Ulaid ina fuigill `submitted to his adjudication,' Laws i 154.x Comm.

(e) becomes (with abstr. noun denoting the quality expressed by adj. in Engl.); results in: o dha-peccaid in duine dochóid se in athardacht o'n aingel he took after the angel (?), PH 7434 . téid dealbh a aighthe i n-óige, DDána 67.10 Hence in idiom: t.¤ x i y do z x results in y for z: do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B. 20.11 . do chóidh an bás sin Mhéguidhir i n-utmaille menman d Ua N., AFM vi 2162.z . Cf. do-chuadar na créatúire se i n-anumhla don duine, TSh. 2447 . With prepp. other than do in various shades of meaning: ag dol a nédánacht air `becoming afraid of him,' Rel. Celt. ii 190.4 . ionnus go dtéid i gcogadh ┐ i gcorraighe ar an gcoguas, TSh. 3042 . do chuaidh Diarmuid, mo thruaighe | fúinne i bhfuaire D., alas, has grown cool towards me, Ir. Review 1912, 517 § 5 . decla go rachdais a ndimus ass lest they should become proud from it, BCC 122.36 . do chuaid an tigernus a coinntinn etir Ruaidri ... ┐ Donnchad, L. Chl. S. 56.27 .

(f) Gramm. ends in (of words): ciasu in —is teit `though it ends in —is,' Ml. 67d24 . ní bbá in —anus regaid, Sg. 36b1 . airdiden ind ainmedo téte in —a, 92a2 . uand ainsid téte in —em, 129a1 . cuig coitchind tiaghaid i n-es, Abbott-Gwynn 55.18 .

(g) Gramm. amalgamates with, is assimilated to (of sounds): tíad dá .s. na chéile a ccomhfhocal (glas ┐ smior, glaismior sin), IGT Introd. 12.16 . greim comhfhocuil ... téid san bfocal theagmhus na dhiaigh amalgamates with the following word (of prefixes), 25.9 . Note also: óir i `m' théid Sealbhadh `b' ar Sealbhadh uathaidh fheirinnsgne (e.g. cia ra mbuail) `b' is eclipsed, Éigse ii 118.58 . cáit a tteid caolughadh a nguthaidheadh leathan when is a broad vowel attenuated, IGT Introd. 1.12 .

(h) Various: ? dia dia do[r]rogus ré tias in[n]a gnuis `before I go into His presence,' RC xx 148.6 (ACC). dochúaid ina rúinib ┐ ina comráitib ┐ ina [n]derritib `he went into their sweet secrets and talks together (of Ulysses trying to prove his identity to Penelope), Mer. Uil. 270 . do chúaidh fúibh san mhuir do mhíne | go bhfuil súil na ríghe riot the sea has become so calm on thy account, L. Cl. A. B. 241.115 . Legal: teit turrtughadh la fogail ann `compensation for damage shall be for it,' Laws i 98.y Comm. ná[d] té(i)t tír ... ind it is not paid in land, Críth G. 364 . coir no deisidhe cia no dechsa[t ?] a cinta ... isin tellach is neso that the nearest hearth should become answerable for his crimes, Laws iv 248.22 Comm.

(i) With prepositional phrases (see also under 1 cenn, 2 dál, dead, etc.); ná digis t'aenur | i cend ríg Temra, SG 365.10 . is se in [fogelt] teit na cenn miach `the feeding which shall accumulate upon him,' Laws i 110.6 Comm. cion Éabha ... | doirb téarnamh ó théid 'n-a cheann `escape from it is hard when others are added to it,' Dán Dé iii 16 . ar co tíasad na coinni, LU 6148 . ara tesed inda commaitecht, Mon. Tall. 159.19 . manip ámlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta, PH 5349 . ducoid cách huainn a leth for assreud `each of us went apart in dispersal,' Ml. 63c19 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg | a leith a grásd do cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 . admuinemmar .i. tiagmait ina munigin, Thes. ii 322.20 .

11 With iar.

in fer no-thēged iarsint shligi who went along the road, Sc.M² 2.2 . cruth iarsa luid a chompert-som how his conception came to pass, RC ix 452.8 ( LU 1648 ).

12 With imm.

cech toisc imma téig `every business about which you go,' KMMisc. 260 § 5.

13 With la.

(a) goes with, accompanies: cona muntir dochoid less, Wb. 14a19 . tiagait ... | la Demun they are given over to the Devil, SR 8351 . Grainde luid lat a Lughaidh `G. eloped with thee,' Laws iii 532.11 . fear ... tete la haes nescairde .i. bhis for fosiubhal imaille ris in lucht na bi isin cairde, H 3.18, 262a ( O'Curry 522 ). go dtéidhe an t-anam araon | le chéile is an chalann, Dán Dé ix 15 . ro gabudh da nathraigh ... lé, ┐ docuaidh leo co hincleith `brought them,' Stair Erc. 101.

(b) is let go (unpunished) with: ní racha libh ar labhrais `thy words shall not go unpunished,' Content. xxii 1 . dá ndeach sé liom rem lá | atá im chionn a Dhé fá dhó (even) if it be remitted to me during my life it awaits me doubly (hereafter), Dán Dé ix 17 . ní leó docuaidh gan dighail, Stair Erc. 2191.

(c) t.¤ la x x succeeds: in tan d'fearsabair riu gleo | ní deachaidh leo co buadach, SG 37.10 . nocha dechaidh ret' athair ... a com-éirghe do com Cuinn `thy father did not succeed when he rose against C.', Duan. F. i 4 § 7 . ba doigh lais na rachadh leis tar forsmacht in aird-ri, BNnÉ 322 § 28.

(d) pleases: a dtéid liom `a dtaithneann liom,' DDána 30.6 . téid linn gach ar luaidheamair, Aithd. D. 20.30 .

See also under 9 (b).

14 With ó.

(a) goes from, departs from: ni dechuid huaim, Ml. 54d7 . cia nutiastais huaim, 117d3 . dochuaid a anim o churp | Adaim, SR 2101 . airgg ūaim (sic leg.) be off ! TBC-I¹ 1197 . ni teiged bem i ndilsi na i ndilmaine uad, TTebe 2527 . ó rechaid óm comairle if they depart from my counsels, ZCP xii 393.13 . a mhatal donn ag dul ón chlár `a dark coif (?) drawn back from the brow,' PBocht 2.7 . do-chódarsan ó chloinn Néill `parted from' (in genealogy), TD 26.16 . téid an sionnach suas ó ṡoin `the fox goes back beyond that' (in time), Content. xi 8.

(b) is sent (on an errand) by: luid techt con-ascadaib húad, SR 3053 . ce dig neach uaithib do Roim, YBL 318ay. tíat aenfer uainn, RC x 74.12 . tiagat techta uainn co h-Ailech, SG 373.35 . More frequ. in pass.: tiagar huáin dochum hirusalem dus cid forchomnacuir indi, Ml. 16c5 . ced leth ragthar úaib ... do chuingid ind fir, LU 5711.

(c) outstrips: leomuin ... ō nach teighedh fiaidh for bith, Marco P. 89 . muc ... rachas uait féin, Oss. vi 134.y .

(d) escapes from: co ndeachaidh ré néllaibh uretroma æieoir uatha, BS 124.15 . an chluas do ba caol tuigse; | saor do-chuas ón chéadfaidh-se, DDána 52.15 . a n-imshníomh do-chóid ó cheilt can no longer be concealed, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 15 § 5.

(e) gives up, forsakes: eirg ód bheith mar do bhábhar, Timth. 1917, 61 § 5 . do-chuaidh mé óm fhéagain d'fhior `I have forsaken the glances of men,' TD 1.26 . Cf. úachaid rachadh ó chlainn `an old maid who would be childless,' ITS xvii 165.1070 .

(f) t.¤ x ó y y is deprived of, loses x: téiged uain failte na ceol, PH 4993 . rachaidh a ferand o fine `his land shall pass from the family,' Laws i 138.10 Comm. ní té(i)t a luige ó ḟi[u]r midboth(a), Críth G. 70 . flaitheas Dé dá ndeachadh uainn if I failed to get, Aithd. D. 77.29 . má do chóidh uaim | go holc ... | gach ní ... dá bhfuaramar `if culpably spent,' PBocht 6.11 .

15 With ós.

téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh `I advance to defend it,' Content. xxi 12 . tú an aonchnú do-chóidh ós choill which has surpassed the whole wood, TD 27.27 . dorachad os fhorbha righ in betha, Marco P. 142.

16 With re.

(a) goes before, precedes: co ndechummar for teiched remib, Ml. 63c14 . tiad gnuisi giolladh ndorrdha | reimhe, Studies 1919, 257 § 16 . sul deachad raibhthi romhainn, Ériu ix 163 § 3 . ar na daoinibh ... do-chuaidh romhainn, TSh. 608 . ní théid mo sheise ríogh róm `ní théid sé dom chosaint,' DDána 121.28 . ? ní a gcruth go rachadh romhaibh | tug an feadh nach fuarobhair | do fhreagra `it was not fear lest their power might yield to yours (?),' Content. ix 27.

(b) With personal form of prep. referring to subject of vb. goes on, fares forward: lotar ... rompo, LU 8864 . luid reime do ascnum co Temraig `fared forward,' RC xxiv 184.12 .

17 With sech.

(a) goes past, passes: ni tiagat saidai sech satuirn suas, Thes. ii 12.33 . slige dano, doscuet carpa(i)t sech alaile a road, on which one chariot can pass another, Corm. Y 1082 . co ṅdechsad in sapoit seccu till after the Sabbath, PH 2937 . ma thēsi sech rīga, ZCP xi 80.16 .

(b) Various: téid beatha as sáimhe seocha he misses a pleasanter life, Dán Dé vii 3 . a ndul seacha their neglect of it (?), DDána 81.13 . do-chuadar so uile seocha transierunt haec omnia, TSh. 946.

18 With tar.

(a) goes over, across, past: cona tiagat tara cricha corai, Ml. 51d3 . ba slán cech imlobor tarateged int uisce, Thes. ii 315.26 . ma (sic leg.) téis immurgu tar domnuch if however it pass the Sunday, Mon. Tall. 137.14 . ba samalta co rachad long ... dar a chraes, IT i 271.27 . chum na gcoirthe chuaidh thort do dhíoghailt past sins, Donlevy 304.23 .

(b) overcomes, overwhelms: da ndeachas dar Dun F. `when Dún F. was overwhelmed,' Ériu xii 192.8 . regaid fer dar fer, Sc.M² 15.8 . tēt an fer tarat amal tēti bott tar catt, TBC-I¹ 2680.

(c) exceeds, surpasses: ní thét a ccu dar cona, LU 3570 . ni teit indlighedh n-athgabala tar cuic bu `does not exceed,' Laws i 92.14 Comm. docúaidh, a Bruin, gan bara | mo c[h]ara tar do charaid, ZCP viii 225 § 1 . gach ainm iollraidh rachus siolla tar an ainm uathaidh every plural noun which exceeds the singular by a syllable, IGT Introd. 21.z .

(d) transgresses, violates (a law, etc.): ho luid adam tar réir, Wb. 3c37 . is me dochoid darsin smacht, SR 1529 . téighim tar teaguscc na n-easbal, Studies 1919, 75 § 22 . Cf. ní rag thorat I will not break my word to you (?), Anecd. iii 59.4 ; 'abandon (?)' PMLA lxii 896 .

(e) becomes necessary for, becomes due: rachaidh thoruibh tráth oile | bláth toruidh na trócoire `beidh ort trócaire d'iarraidh,' DDána 7.4 . do-chuaidh thort mo tháirriochtain it is time for thee to save me, 11.23 . dá ndeachadh thoruinn `má cuirtear chuige mé,' 95.7 .

(f) passes by, is omitted, lost, forgotten by: an bioth cé do-chuaidh tharainn, DDána 53.6 . a ndeachaidh thorainn `all our shortcomings,' Aithd. D. 97.33 . a dtéid thoram | ná léig oram ar airleagadh `those (crimes) I have forgotten,' Dán Dé xvi 11 . ? a laogh féin ó théid thairse since her own fawn had gone from her, DDána 69.26 .

(g) Various: do shealbhaighetar ... dōib féin hí ┐ nach raghduis tairsi mar fhlaithiumhnas (they said ?) that they would be satisfied with it as a principality, ZCP xiii 180.9 . tiad tar úidh an eóil shenta `they miss their way,' Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 14 § 4 . bá hi mbronnaibh a maithreach luidhsiot tairis ` escaped ,' AFM i 94.9 . is and adermuid nech do beith eslan an trath teit tara naduir fein, Irish Texts i 48.10 . dá dhruim ní tiachair thaireis it is not discussed, Studies 1928, 268 § 18 .

(h) With prepositional phrases. t.¤ tar cenn: fine caich dar a ndichet cenn a gell `of the person whom he shelters as to the pledge,' Laws v 388.2 . nī fail ní dom shétaib-se nād tēi dar cend na hingine which will not be given on behalf of the girl, ZCP iv 43.9 . noceilebraitis na cleirig dona laechaib tarateitis cenn on whose behalf they went (to death), Anecd. i 43.19 . t.¤ tar éis: co ndechasa dar th'éis that I may go after thee, SG 414.21 .

19 With trí.

(a) goes through: ragtháit tria chriathar n-átha for ṁbruirech minaigthe dogénat da bar corpaib, RC xxii 304 n. 13 (bid intechta tria críathar, text). co na dig in scuiche trit `that the small cattle could not pass through it,' Laws iv 114.7 Comm. íar ndul triit after it has leaked (cauldron), Críth G. 549 . is trithu nach tiaghair `through them no passage can be forced' (of soldiers), MR 194.15 .

(b) Various: arna te nech tria lugae `that a man break not his oath,' Ml. 36a23 (see note). rachthair thairsiu is tréo they will be utterly overwhelmed, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . do-chóidh tré chách na chéimibh surpassed everyone, IGT Decl. ex. 1255 ,

The following exx are obscure: teit grian adenus fria tuisc, SR 247 . belend dichet chlessamnach, Anecd. v 29.21 (Verba Scāthaige). eirggi guin ┐ gabail | attetha as cech anáil, TBC-LL¹ 3040 . rotraethad o sin amach | laechraid Asar imuallach | mac De na nime nosdig | in rorigi roreidig, Lec. 27d43 .