Search Results

Your search returned 9 result(s).

aitire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitire or dil.ie/2810
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aittire, aidire, e(i)t(t)ire, eidire, itire, oittire

n , f. ( eter, Bürgschaft p. 4 ). Later also m. in sense (b). Also aittire, aidire, e(i)t(t)ire, eidire, itire, oittire. Lit. being between, standing between or one who stands between (two parties to an agreement), see Bürgschaft p. 4 , 34 , 61 . Críth G. p. 74 . Cf. cid ara n-eper a.¤? itir a té .i. itir cich ┐ gruaid; no itir da feichemain, Bürgschaft 22 § 64 . a.¤ .i. iter dēde .i. iter dā fechemuin, Corm. Y 71 .

(a) hostage-suretyship : doté(i)t a.¤ ar ḟer feras in fuil he goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound, Críth G. 52 . cateat a ḟolta córai ó chách fris[s]a cuirther a.¤? for which surety is given, 58 . lóg a enech . . . téit fora naidm ┐ a ráith ┐ a aitiri he may go surety to the amount of his honour-price, 129 . dul tar a.¤ breaking a guarantee (one of the causes of loss of honour-price), Laws v 368.7 .

(b) hostage-surety who guarantees the performance of an obligation with his own person and not (like the ráth) with his property GEIL 172 , Stud. Hib. viii 52 , guarantor `who warrants the execution, not merely of public engagements . . ., but also of some of the more important private agreements', Críth G. p. 74 . ata a.¤ gaibhes gnimu nadma. a.¤ són dobeir laim im brollach feicheman co nadhmaim le[s], saigid riasíu ascomra. assed a slan undertakes the business of giving a bond i.e. an a.¤ who puts a `naidm' in the breast of the debtor, he sues before he himself pays and so he remains free from loss, ZCP xiii 24.11 ( Bürgschaft 13 § 42 ). nugu toibhghenn nech i cairdi acht aitteri, Bürgschaft 63 x . cungnat oittiri in fecheman toicheda riu, 64.7 . slan a.¤ cairde (title of a tract), ZCP xiii 24 (Bürgschaft 32 § 1) (see cairde). corus a.¤ (title of a tract), Bürgschaft 22 § 64 . cis lir a.¤ do-chuisin . . . a tri . . . a.¤ luigi ┐ aitiri foesma ┐ aitiri nadma, ib. (see also fáes(s)am, 1 luige). na huile neiche risa-ndechaid int a.¤ , 68 § 1 . atait secht n-aitiri asrenut la Feine . . . a.¤ teit ar mac beoathar fo-n-ocair a athair, a.¤ tar cend ambui anechtair, etc., Laws v 228.1 . caite a sslan na a.¤? .i. a fomeilt ┐ a imluath ┐ a gnim ┐ log .uii. cumal niath (.i. lóg cimedha, ar is cimidh ind aitiri iar ndithmaim fuirri) what is the indemnity of an `a.¤'? Bürgschaft 24 § 67 . ces do-gníther de muna comrastar fris? Tiagair dochum raite no a.¤ ma beit iar cul ar it he a .u. in sin biti fri heluth .i. naidm ┐ raith ┐ a.¤ ┐ ceilebrath ┐ gell what is to be done when the debtor does not come forward? One goes to a `ráth' or an `a.¤' if they stand behind the transaction, for these are the five (sureties) who guarantee against absconding, 14 § 48 . athgabail a.¤ aslui feile `distress of a surety who violates his honour', Laws i 214.25 (`der sich dem Anstand (der Ehrbarkeit) entzieht', Bürgschaft p. 70 ). in raith uil re aithne na conaire fuigill is techta no int ait[i]re uil re aithne na conaire fuighill is cóir (i) n-athcomairc i.e. it is a `ráith' if the suit is one of `techta', an ¤a. if the suit is one of `cóir n-athchomairc ', Cóic Con. 32 § 27 . is ed is a.¤ ann .i. do ghradhaib flatha uair cid mor do cintaib ┐ do raithiges ┐ do aitires ro-dlecht donn athair, ma ro-fagaib int athair dibadh accu — uair ni tet itire acht co cro, teit raith for comarba co no[m]ud — noco cutrumus in dibaid do dul isna cintaib, 33 § 32 . aitiri De cleric, Laws v 272.8 (see Bürgschaft 73 ). teōra a.¤ cac[h]a prīmegalsa fri Cāin Adomnāin .i. secnap ┐ coic ┐ fertiges ┐ a.¤ cāna deirbḟine fo Erinn uile ┐ dā eitiri cāna ardflat[h]a every principal church has three guarantors to ensure the fulfilment of A.'s law, Cáin Ad. 32 § 53 (see Bürgschaft p. 7 ). sárugud a.¤ nó crossi in domnaig oc saigid na cána in domnaig, Ériu ii 208 § 29 . ma asloat aitiri tobungar cumal ocht n-ungi diib, Anecd. iii 24.18 . do-bert .uii. n-aidirie di trénferuib Erenn . . . fri hasic na flathae uad ma fofertís a mifholtae fesin i.e. he gave seven fighting men as guarantors that he would give back the kingship should he behave in an unkingly way, RC xii 62 § 24 . tucaid huaib etere ṅgle / fri tichtáin doridise , SR 3499 . forbia for n-eitteire fein, 3503 . for cóic aitirib dēac on the guarantee of fifteen men, TBC-I¹ 2919 . ité a.¤ . . . do-breatha do Ingcél ó ḟeraib Hé., BDD² 421 . gabsait na aittiri eturru a fritisi, 866 . togaid aitiri de (ref. to visit of Ulaid to Bricriu), LU 8097 ( FB 7 ). de inchaib na n-atairi, 8184 ( 13 ). trían do flaith, trīan do fine, trīan do etarflaith ┐ do iteraibh (of property of deceased person), Ériu i 215.28 . it .iii. heteri gabar darcend in Choimded fri dingbail cecha tedmma dib . . . .i. Petur Apstal ┐ Muri Og ┐ Michel Archaingel patrons(?), RC xii 428 § 19 .

(c) hostage: nó idnaictís dosom geill ┐ eteri, CCath. 1636 . ní gabthar a n-eiteri a nglas no a slabradh acht lúgha fó láim rígh `hostages', Leb. Cert. 135.x . dia n-elódha in t-aideri, 11 . cor facsat etere ina laim .i. Isacar, BB 238b42 . cen giall cen eteri, RC xvii 354.29 (Tig.). braigti ┐ etiri, Cog. 48.8 . co ttuccsat gialla . . . ass . . . im aidire Ua Néill, AFM ii 712.5 .

COMPD. ¤-mac: do ghuidhetar ind Ógh cona haitirmac (of Christ), Caithr. Thoirdh. 94.35 .

dílsid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílsid or dil.ie/16457

 

v (díles) gives up, hands over, abandons, used in a few cases for dílsigid (q.v.): nacharndilsi Dia do chur | dorisi do Lucifur, SR 1551 = na rodilsigea sinn doridise do L. may (God) not hand us over again to L., LB 112a30 ( MacCarthy 62 ). mane dilsither, Anecd. iii 22 n. 25 (= mona dilsigtiur, text). deoruidh Dé rodilsiud don muir ┐ do gaith, Laws i 204 . duine dilsithar iar ndenamh uilc .i. ar na be ac duine a tigh no a tir, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18 251 ).

do-furgaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-furgaib or dil.ie/17714

 

Forms: turcabthae, turcbál

v (* to-ro-uss-gaib-, GOI p. 526 . Otherwise Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 530 . See do-fócaib).

I

(a) raises, lifts up (corresponding to lit. sense of Lat. tollere): do-m-urcbaid suas lift me up, LL 126a51 . turcbaid-sium a oenluirg n-ániusa, TBC-I¹ 913 (tocbaid, St.). difurgaib-side . . . a gaisced uas gaiscedaib in tshluaigh, Anecd. v 11 = IT i 100 § 8 . immalle doaurcbad doib a cossa ┐ fosruimet they lift their feet, TBC-I¹ 3312 . . . . mōrfer taurcbad illtonna fri n-iach n-amulach who raise up many billows against the beardless salmon-hero (?), 987 (rhet.). ma [a]dellad in duine dourgbad cnoc and it would raise a lump, Corm. Y 975 . intan dourgabtaís a láma fri tabairt béime, TTr.² 1705 . co turcba a bolga corcra fora agaigh, YBL 126a28 . tairnid indara ceand cia torcba aroile, Ériu v 238 . filleam gluine, turgbam lama let us lift our hands (in prayer), Lec. 593b7 . connā turgebtis a n-aigthe la Goedelu so that they should not lift their faces, RC viii 50 . turcbais (tocbais, St.) ┐ tasbenais do feraib hErend in cend, TBC-LL¹ 1422 . turgabair suas, LL 126a53 . ni digbaid a soillsi cia turcbaither . . . coinnle aile friu, Anecd. v 1.18 = cia turrgaibther, Alex. 814 . ri tarcbad fiad chuirib clann (: tardad) who was lifted up (on the Cross), SR 7751 .

With pers. form of FOR takes on oneself (fig.): is romōr turcbais-[s]eo fort, Anecd. i 9.18 .

(b) raises, sets up, erects (a stone, building, etc.); later often of building, constructing in general: dond ail turcaib for in tráig, LL 1398 . ar Coimdiu . . . turcbaid cech gne, cech cumtach, SR 7694 . rí . . . doforgaib osna múraib erordaib, 531 . is leis rothurcbad o lár | in cumtach, 7029 . āit a ndēndais a cētgaisced turcbaitis a corthi, Ériu viii 156 . bidh tāilgionn rostoirgeba who shall found it (of monastery of Áth Ferna), BNnÉ 193 .

(c) uplifts, elevates, exalts: turgbad lubru la triunu, Tec. Corm. § 6.27 . turcbad firinni; dofuirceba, ZCP xi 91 § 7 . ní rath tíri teclumus; ní treóin ó tír turgebhus, LL 386a43 = ní treoin ó thír thuirgebdaidh, Leb. Cert. 200 , ni ra treoin o tir tairgebas, BB 128b15 . menma tuinne torcabair the spirit of the wave is uplifted, Otia ii 81 .

(d) raises (a cry, the voice, etc.), utters, enounces: dufurcbat gl. (verba) promebat, Ml. 72b7 . dururgab gl. depromsit verba, 72c16 . amal ata turcabthi inná epertasin gl. prolata, 32b1 . dofurcabar tríit fessin gl. per se prolatum, Sg. 43a3 . ní turgabar ade . . . cen guttai gl. proferri non potest, 4b14 . dorurgabtha gl. sunt prolata, 61a15 . nach tan dofurgaib int augtur bréthir fora gin sechtair, Hib. Min. 410 . intan . . . noturcbad son a gotha, Ériu iv 30 . turcbaid a hainm declare its name, BB 408b26 . na guthacha is iatside dourgbad treothu fein (= per se proferuntur), Auraic. 366 = is iatside dourgabat fein, Lec. 308b39 .

(e) rears, brings up: nin-aile, nin turcaba (of a bad parent), LL 346a33 = ni turcaba, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 21 . Elisabeth, Sacairarsci . . . issiat sin turgaib Eóin, Ériu iv 178 . hitē turcaibset inn ingin, Rawl. 133b8 .

(f) raises up, produces, causes: an dufurgaib in chomfrithorcun ón gl. collisio . . . signa proferens, Ml. 138b1 . annarbu thurgabthae when (impiety) was not produced (refers to profertur), 86d14 . ri roordaig ocht ngaetha, torgaib . . . cethri primgaetha, . . . cethri fogaetha, SR 46 . rí rosáer Loth . . . dia targbad in plág badbda (: tardad, 7307 ). Cf. 2915 . ? rí dosrergai b. . . fri serggad, fri inforbart (of plants), 7293 . rotuisim Dia . . . inn uili n-anmand rothurcbadar na husci (= omnem animam quam produxerunt aquae, Gen. i 21 ), Lec. 528b1 .

(g) raises, begins, undertakes, engages in: turcbait a fedma uile | do ríg Berba, Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . ni torgaib nach d[a]iscor na mār no pauper undertakes anything great, Laws ii 254 . mided cāch a cōir ara torgaba a māma that he may undertake (proportionate) duties (?), ib.

II Intrans.

(a) rises: dururgaib gl. emersit, Ml. 63a15 . durugabsam gl. emerserimus, Acr. 8c1 ( Thes. ii 4 ). intan donórcaib grian, TBC-I¹ 3443 . bali i turgaib grían, LL 223b17 . ond airiur as torgaib grian, SR 8105 . turcgeba sruth sroibtened | a huillib talman, 8089 , cf. 8105 . tricha torc na torgabhaid that cannot stand up (?), Leb. Cert. 62 . amal turcbas tene focetoir ┐ báidid co prap doridise , PH 2407 . dias dourgcbad osin tshluag, Rawl. 88b52 .

(b) In allied senses arises, appears, comes forth: i n-óen fhecht . . . turbcat don choemchrund duille ┐ bláth ┐ mess, Metr. Dinds. iii 288 . ní thurcaibh crand tria ūir cēt míle fria taebhaibh, Marco P. 11 . na hilgalra turcbait in cach tuaith, ACL iii 315 § 37 . co breithe na cennathae i turgaib in cest, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17 439 ).

Part. turcabthae. Vn. turcbál.

1 do-tuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-tuit or dil.ie/18533
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tuit, dotuit, dothuit, dufuit, fora-tuit-som, dotuitet, dofuitet, dofuittet, tutet, dofuited, dofutitis, nothuititis, dorothuus-[s]a, co táthais, do-foth, día toth, arna-tta, torthissem, dotodsat, todsat, torthaiset, torchror-sa, dotodsinn, -faetsath, dorótsad, dorodsad, condo[d]sitis, dofoethus, dofoethus-[s]a, do-faethus-sa, tōithus, toethus, dofáithais, dafaethais, táithis, condoethais, taethais, dotóeth, dofóeth, dofaeth, dofaeth, tāith, thaeth, toeth, thóitis, tartais, taethais, dofaethsaid, taethaisti, dothoetsat, dofoethsat, dofaethsat, do-thaethsat, dofaesat, toethsat, inid-toetsat, dofaethsaind, dofaithesté-su, dofaethaisté-su, dofáithsad, dofaethsad, dofoetsat, tóethsad, toetsad, taethsad, thoithsad, táetsatais, taetsaitis, toethsitís, tōitsitis, torchar, torchair, torchar, docer, dacer, doceir, docair, tocair, dicer, dochear, dorochair, dorochoir, tarrochair, torchar, torchar, torchair, condorchair, trochair, dorochrobair, docertar, docerddatar, diceratar, doceradur, dorochratar, torchartar, con-torchratar, torcratar, con-drochradur, docersat, dorochairset, torchuirsit, dororchair, drorcradatar, drorcradar, do-ciuchratar, do-certar, docher, torchair, atorchair, drochair, itorchair, totuiter, tuiter, tuitim, tuit-, toit-, tuit, car-toit, rotuitset, bhacear, focera, rafoethus, rafaethais, rofaeth, rofaethsaind, rofaitsad, rofaethsad, taeth-, faeth-, taethur-sa, thaethad, taethfaid, taethfaid, taothfadh, do-aothfadh, rothaith, rothóeth, taethsat, thaethsadar, thaetsadar, faoithfead, faothfas, fāidhfit, do-faeth, dofoeth, dofuithebsa, chear, docearadh, chear, concearadar, torcrad

v (* to-tuit-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 656 , see Bergin, Ériu x 193 , GOI § 543 ). Ipv. 2 s. ná tuit , Imr. Brain § 30 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dotuit, Sg. 71a9 . dothuit, Wb. 4d15 . dufuit, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii § 4). dofuit, TBC-I¹ 738 , 3001 ; Trip.² 1292 , etc. fora-tuit-som, Wb. 4d15 . 3 pl. dotuitet, O'Dav. 738 . dofuitet, TBC-I¹ 2127 , 2952 . dofuittet, LL 246b45 . nad tutet , Sg. 50a7 . Impf. 3 s. intan dofuited , BB 368b39 . 3 pl. dofutitis, LU 9403 . nothuititis, TBC-I¹ 1417 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. (with -ro-) dorothuus-[s]a, Ml. 23c23 . 2 s. co táthais, TBC-LL¹ 1836 (so Ped.; from do-autat, Wind.). 3 s. do-foth, CB 164 § 45 gl. 1 . día toth, Bechbretha 68 § 30, 134 § 34 n. arna-tta, Mon. Tall. 159.35 . 1 pl. (with -ro-) na torthissem , Wb. 32c16 . 3 pl. dotodsat, Ml. 124d12 . arna todsat , 118a12 . (With -ro-) arna torthaiset , Críth G. 303 . With stem do-cer-: 1 s. dep. co torchror-sa , SR 1533 . Impf. 1 s. dotodsinn, Ml. 131b7 . 3 s. -faetsath, BDD² 792 . (With -ro-) dorótsad, LU 4870 = dorodsad, TBC-I¹ 382 . 3 pl. condo[d]sitis. Wb. 5b11 .

In Mid.Ir. the fut. and cond. are generally used in place of subj. Fut. 1 s. dofoethus, LB 126b33 . dofoethus-[s]a, Rawl. 142a48 . cia do-faethus-sa , RC xiii 8.14 . conna tōithus , xxiii 316 . toethus, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . 2 s. dofáithais, TTr.² 757 . dafaethais, CRR § 54 . co táithis , TBC-I¹ 1619 LU = condoethais, YBL. dia taethais , Aen. 2923 . 3 s. dotóeth, Thes. ii 248.8 . dofóeth, LU 9877 . dofaeth, LL 13973 . dofaeth, Laws i 142.2 . co tāith , Goid. 105.3 ( teth, 5 ). meni thaeth , CRR § 5 . ní toeth , RC x 64 . cia thóitis (rel.), Acall. 6880 . ( taetais, ZCP v 524.11 = tartais, Ériu xii 146 . ) taethais, Cog. 92.11 . 2 pl. dofaethsaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.21 . taethaisti, Anecd. iii 72 . 3 pl. dothoetsat, LL 249a40 . dofoethsat, SR 8289 . dofaethsat, TTr.² 544 , 757 ; AFM ii 1158 (poem). do-thaethsat, BDD² 698 . dofaesat, LL 146b30 . toethsat (absol.), SR 8161 . inid-toetsat, LL 292a29 . Condit. 1 s. dofaethsaind, TTr.² 316 . 3 s. dofaithesté-su, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . dofaethaisté-su, 4331 . 3 s. dofáithsad, LL 13999 . dofaethsad, 52 ; TBC-I¹ 1514 , 2434 . dofoetsat, -sad, TBC-I¹ 1091 , 1251 (LU). ní tóethsad , 1857 LU. co toetsad , 2933 . co taethsad , Fél.² lxxv 29 ; TBC-I¹ 2482 . mani thoithsad , TTr.² 1171 . 3 pl. arna táetsatais , Anecd. i 75.16 . co taetsaitis , TBC-LL¹ 2819 . ni toethsitís , TBC-I¹ 1858 LU. arna tōitsitis , Mon. Tall. 157.32 .

Pret. and perf. (from *to-cer-) 1 s. co torchar , Trip.² 1435 . 2 s. hi torchair (-i- faint in MS.), LU 6039 . co torchar , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.10 . 3 s. docer, Thes. i 493.26 ( Tur. 131 ). dacer, 29 . doceir, LL 274 , 1333 . docair, ACL iii 340 § 36 . tocair, Ériu ii 16.15 . dicer, viii 178.5 . dochear, AU 516 . dorochair, Thes. i 485.27 ( Tur. 19 ); Sg. 29a8 ; SR ; TBC-I¹ , etc. dorochoir, Thes. ii 236.27 . tarrochair, TBC-I¹ 1570 LU. anna torchar , Ml. 34c14 . i torchar , TBC-I¹ 2953 . co torchair , SR 6398 , cf. 5401 , 585 ; TBC-I¹ passim . condorchair, Ériu v 242.159 . i trochair (with metath.), Anecd. iii 61 . 2 pl. dorochrobair, SR 3608 . 3 pl. docertar, TBC-I¹ 2925 . docerddatar, LL 299b9 ( RC xiii 50 ). diceratar, Ériu viii 178 . doceradur, Lec. 203a17 . dorochratar, Ml. 36d13 . con torchartar , Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 262.1 ). con-torchratar, Ml. 48c28 . i torcratar , AU 833 . con-drochradur, ZCP viii 540.30 . Later with s-forms: docersat, LL 182b39 ; Rawl. 82b36 . dorochairset, Lec. 62a1 . torchuirsit, Fianaig. 92.6 . With doubling of -ro-, dororchair, ZCP i 103 . 15 ; ITS v 78 . drorcradatar, drorcradar, Celt. Rev. iv 16.2 , 9 . do-ciuchratar they fell, LU 4392 seems a contamination of do-certar and fut. stem of fo-ceird, cf. fochiuchra, 4583 ( TBC-I¹ 76 ). Forms docher and torchair continue in use to beginning of Mod.Ir. (Keating, FM) in sense was killed ; oft. with pref. ad-: atorchair (atrochair, drochair). itorchair, Ériu v 222.36 .

Pass. pres. s. totuiter, Sg. 71a14 . hi tuiter , 71a11 , cf. 12 , 13 .

Vn. tuitim.

Later treated as a simple vb. with stem tuit-, toit-: ro tuit , Mon. Tall. 157.10 . car-toit, LL 138b30 , pl. rotuitset (-etar, -setar).

Irregular forms.

(a) In LL do- is replaced by fo- in pret. 3 s. bhacear, TBC-LL¹ 4052 . focera, 1443 ; by ro- freq. in fut. and cond. forms with f: 1 s. rafoethus, TBC-LL¹ 4597 . 2 s. rafaethais, 3485 . 3 s. rofaeth, SG 384.7 (LL). Cond. 1 s. rofaethsaind, BB 422a39 . 3 s. rofaitsad, LL 166a53 . rofaethsad, TTebe 2852 .

(b) The fut. stem taeth- (toeth-) and occas. faeth- are somet. used as general stem of vb.: acht co taethur-sa , LB 112a20 . min thaethad , Lec. 421b43 . taethfaid, MR ( FDG 63 ). taethfaid, RC xxiv 282 . taothfadh, CRR 98.7 . do-aothfadh, ZCP x 288.7 . rothaith, Leb. Gab.(i) 98 . rothóeth, RC xiv 62 § 76 . cor taethsat , CCath. 133 ( cor thaethsadar , Todd Nenn. 46.7 , leg. thaetsadar and see do-tét). faoithfead, ML 100.17 . faothfas, 120.25 . ? fāidhfit, Cog. 92.10 . do-faeth he fell, Fen. 406 . dofoeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 320.35 . mun tí taoth 'about the one who has fallen' IGT Verbs § 21 (192.252) , Fil Súil nGlais 47 . nochor taeth, IGT Metr. faults § 25 . taeth fothannán ard dáenbhuille, Fil Súil nGlais 50 § 15 . Cf. also dofuithebsa, Ériu v 240.148 .

(c) The pret. root cer- also appears independently in a few cases in late texts: ó chear , Ó Bruad. i 102 (pret. pass. docearadh, 204 ). níor chear , A. Ó Dálaigh lv 24 . concearadar, Lec. 276a13 .

See IGT Verbs §§ 21 , 79 .

Falls ; gl. Lat. cadere, Sg. 71a9 ; concidere, Ml. 48c28 ; dēcidere, 23c23 ; corruere, 34c4 .

(a) In lit. sense: docer in biail dia samthig issam-muir, Tur. 131 . co torchair-seom isa cend, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 . co torchair ina ligi, TBC-I¹ 1196 . co torchair a etach ṅde, 1202 . rotuit in tenid he fell into the fire, Mon. Tall. 157 (§ 72) . do mod ernaight[h]e co taothsad do déra, ZCP iii 30 . attaig Deain co tāith in tempul . . . guidfet-sa Crist co rotuite, Goid. 105 . dia teth tempul Deane erumsa, ib. da taet lindi tigi na Tebi if the houses of Thebes fall by our efforts, TTebe 2592 . ó atbath mac Eogain . . . dofaethsat cella Connacht, SG 65 . omna dorochair i Fidgable forsin chonair, Hy. v 69 Comm. mar cnái cáich tuitis do chronn, ZCP ix 486 . mad a n-aimser mesa, dothuite[d] mes in tire i n-aon aidche used to fall (from the trees), Laws i 24 . dorochair a claideb al-lāim Conculainn, RC iii 182 . rothuitsetar ar n-airm as ar lamaib, TTebe 1990 . dofuit sís . . . trethan tromm, SR 8113 . ce dofāidsad snāthat for lār in taige, Ériu iv 30 . dofuititis écne móra asin tsruth anuas for talmain, RC x 58 . dorochradar a cuirp i fudomain in mara, CCath. 2122 . tuitfeamaoid ré fánaidh amhail na huisgeadha, TSh. 49 . indar lat dofoethsad an talam fo cossaib, TTr.² 1846 . co taeth nemh dochum talmhan, Aen. 2966 . dia taethsad nem for an lár, BColm. 70 . Of fig. motion: tocair menma ōm t[h]uathaib | isin iat[h] i nIrlūachair my mind has fallen away from my people to the meadow, Ériu ii 16 . nach bág forsa torchair mo menmae, Fél. Ep. 361 . Of gramm. case (to transl. cadere): lase dotuit ind ainmnid, Sg. 71a9 . Falls out: dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn, Thes. ii 248 . caillech agar tuitidar a fiacla, 23 P 10, 100.x . ma tuit an findfad le gēri an galair, 61.26 .

(b) Transf. falls, abates, subsides: arnatta do saogal, ni do tórmuch forsind fitt teirc sin so that thy life fail not, Mon. Tall. 159 . rotuit in cath leth ar leth the battle subsided on both sides, CCath. 2216 . da mad toraib rotuited clothgnima Conaill gan congbháil, MR 150 . o toirmisc na hoileamna tuitid na baill ┐ tic an ḟpairilis the limbs give way (?), 23 P 10, 24b34 . da duite an bríg tochlaitheach if the appetite fails, 147rb16 .

(c) Esp. falls, perishes, is killed; usually but not exclusively of death in battle, oft. with LA of agent: cath Findas i trochair Fiachra, Anecd. iii 61 . dofaoth an t-saoi is in daoi bonn fri bonn, Cog. 204 . taethfaid uili, fer, meic mnā | a ndigail in lechta-sa, RC xxiv 282 . at ē sin rīga docersad isin chath sin, Todd Nenn. 52 . go ndrochair gach damhna glan | do sgothaibh calma Cruachan, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 170 . cia thoitis don chlaidim? who will fall by the sword? Acall. 6880 . dofaeth rí din gāi sin, RC iii 178 . co rothérna indiu Molling, | ní thaeth do rinn ná d'faebur, SG 388 . cia dorochair Congal caech | mōr laech adrochair da rind, Ériu v 244 . dothuit fer cach lái leis, TBC-I¹ 1367 . docer la Meidb dā fer dēac dīib, 2903 . meni thaeth Ailill is Medb lemsa, CRR 5 . deimhnigh-si lat . . . co taet-som lium-sa cia dofaethur-sa laisim, RC xiii 8 . connā tōithus la fianna that I may not fall by the F., RC xxiii 316 . toitfet-sa leo nō buaidheochad forra, ZCP vi 34 . ní tarla fris riam trēn nā taetsat leis, Ériu v 152 . Dubh ┐ Finn . . . torchradar le hEoganacht, ZCP viii 119 . dororchair linne an biodhbha, ITS v 78 . dona cathaib a ndrochradar ┐ dona rīgaib ler' thoitsead, Lec. 575b10 . adeir . . . cor-thoit Eochaid Dala re Tindi, 352a36 . deich míli mora . . . dorochratar oc Dauíd fell by David, SR 5912 . mac Máil 'car toit Tuathal, LL 138b30 = rer-thoit, Lec. 398b30 . dofóeth Eógan már do láim Beinne, PRIA xix 534 ( LU 9877 ). torchratar . . . do láim Láegaire, Fianaig. 92 . gia dofaithesté-su dá lámaib, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . ba hind docersat a maic for that (deed) his sons perished, LL 146a18 . acht co torchror-sa . . . im' chinaid, im' tharimthecht, SR 1533 = acht co taethur-sa, LB (wrongly expanded taethairsa, MacCarthy 62 ). dofuitt di daigir he shall perish by lightning, ZCP xii 237 . gurab do chuma a mic torchair he died of grief, ALC ii 392 . il-Letha dorochair mo Chellóc died, Fél. Mar. 26 . congab i nDomnach F. ┐ bái and con-torcratar trí fichit fer leiss dia muintir till threescore men of his community had fallen there beside him, Trip. 190 = torchartar, Trip.² 2239 ( Thes. ii 242 ). tám thend | i torchair ár fer nhErend, MacCarthy 158 . arna toitsitis an aes pende, Mon. Tall. 157 .

(d) In theol. sense of transgression: i ndithrub parduis dorochair Adam: i ndíthrub in domuin dano asreracht Críst, Tur. 19 . dotoith fēin gu n-a sil annsin (of Eve), Lib. Flav. ii 4va13 .

(e) Of fig. relations falls (into a state, under a rubric, etc.): na torthissem i n-apthin, Wb. 32c16 . dorochair a gnuisi a toirrsi ┐ i nduba (= concidit vultus eius, Gen. iv 5 ), Lec. 530b49 . rotoit bantigerna i lubra galair, RC x 186 . na dāine noch dotoit a teas imurcrach who become over-heated, 23 F 19, 27vb32 . dorochrobair for cinaid ye have fallen into sin, SR 3608 . ná tuit fri lige lesce, Imr. Brain § 30 . bid hí Silend táeth don tur that shall run dry (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . inna hí nad tutet isna gnúsi remeperthai that do not fall into the species aforesaid, Sg. 50a7 . dorochair i ndílsi di it has fallen into propriety to her (i.e. become her special name), 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsita do, Hib. Min. 168 . dorochratar uile i ndilse, Laws iv 178 .

(f) falls (to the lot, share, etc., of) with dat. infd. pron.: di chor cruinn dacer dul issam-muir the lot fell to him to go into the sea, Tur. 132 . Usually with DO (less oft. CO, OC): dofaeth in corp . . . marb coem do chill Cromglaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . docer a forbba dia flaith, Rawl. 119b18 . dorochair . . . do Bricriu dénam na flede, IT ii2 173 . focerdar crann . . . dūs cia dīb dototh bidba do tabairt to which of them the guilty party should be given, Laws iv 102 Comm. dorochair doridise na Lée . . . do chlannaib Néill, SG ii 471 . Inis Eoghain . . . dorochair co Cenel cConaill ó chéin mháir, Hugh Roe 232 . dothuiteadar na comhairthadha chugam-sa a n-ionadaibh taithneamhacha the lines have fallen unto me, Psalms xvi 6 . co ndorchair ic MacErca in ingen, BB 208b19 . rotuit an ferand agan ecclais osin alle, BNnÉ 315 § 8 .

(g) With FOR falls upon, comes upon; devolves on: ní toeth (thaed, v.l.) aess foraib age will not fall upon you, RC x 64 . torchair cotlud forsin slóg, LU 3274 ( SCC § 7 ). atrochair a shuantoirrthim codluta fair, CCath. 1451 . dororchair lupra ┐ trūaigi for Conall, ZCP i 103 . do thuit úathbás dorchaduis mhóir air, Gen. xv 12 . do thuitsedar taisi ┐ tāimnēlla bāis air, CF 341 . bedidh leth-lān ngell dotuit for cāch, Laws ii 136 . athgabail fir for a tuit rōi on whom falls the obligation of fighting a duel-ordeal (?), i 194 . do thuit trom na creach do chur don champa . . . air it fell to his lot to send . . ., Rel. Celt. ii 196 .

(h) falls, lapses, is forfeited or lost: (deut. forms given here could also be referred to 2 do-tuit), in Laws oft. with ó of loser: dotuitet cáire sheep are forfeited, O'Dav. 738 . ba de dochear magh Midhe, AU 516 (poem). taethais do ferann ar do anacul thy land shall be lost, ZCP v 524 (= tartais thou hast given, Ériu xii 146 ). co roícthur in cethruime dorochair isin fes which was forfeited for the feeding, Laws i 224 Comm. is uada tuitit na ba he forfeits the cows, 104 . dofuit athgabail (.i. dotuit athgabail ōn fir is cintuch), ii 18 . dorochair a cuitigh bunaid uaithe she forfeited her original share, 396 Comm. o docerr Aimairgin (.i. o dorochuir a raith a baile o A.), v 348 . atait a secht a tuit a eneclann ō cach seven things that deprive everyone of his honour-price, 368 .

(i) In impers. constr. in phrase do-tuit limm fair = that is my wish, object: is fair dofuit lemm-sa, ni reg-sa assin . . ., Trip.² 1293 = is fair d.¤ liúm-sa connā rag . . ., Anecd. iii 36 .

(j) Impers. forms in various senses: huare nád tuiter essib hi tuisliu aili there is no falling from them into other cases, Sg. 71a13 . cia thoiter do thentib ┐ grīsaib fair, ni fes tes ind though fires and embers fall upon it, Ériu ii 114 . Later as pass.: torcrad Mide dia n-echaib the men of M. were unhorsed, Ériu v 238 . gur torcrádh mac rígh na hE. gona mhuintir leo was slain by them, CF Eg. 306 . ar chuid Néill docearadh le cúngcasaibh who fell in course of victories, Ó Bruad. i 204 . na trí Findemnai . . . docertha iar ngliaidh glain | hi cath criaid fria n-athair, Lec. 52b23 .

frithissi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithissi or dil.ie/24509

 

Forms: (f)ridis(s)i, ris(s)i, rís, dorissi, dorithisi, frithisi, frithisi, ḟrithissi, dorís, aḟrithissi, arís, doridise

n later also (f)ridis(s)i, and with contraction ris(s)i, rís. a s. of fritheis < frith-éis ` return track ' (see Strachan, ACL i 230 ).

I In O.Ir. used with poss. pron. corresponding to the subject of a vb. of motion: 1 sg. co tīs ... mo f.¤ till I come back RC iii 346x ( Aisl. Óeng. p. 63 ). co ndechus mo risi TBC-I¹ 1304 (= mo rísi Eg.; dorissi LU). 2 sg. do téis dorissi thou shalt return LU 5772 (= dorisi, TBC-I¹ 1301 , dorithisi Eg.). toi ... do frithisi, LU 5667 . 3 s. m. tintaí a frithisi he returned LU 5664 . doluid in biail a rithissi ar chenn in[na] samthige, Tur. 131 . huand uair nunda bertatar co tanaic á f.¤ till it [lit. she, arca] returned Ml. 82d9 . 1 pl. ara tísam ar frithisi that we may return LU 4509 . 3 pl. a tabirt a f.¤ as in doiri their being brought back from the captivity Ml. 131c17 . Amhlaiph ┐ Imar do thuidecht a frithisi do Ath C. a Albain `A. and C. came again to Ath C. from Alba' AU 870 . conrictís a ffrissi, LU 5700 (= a frithsie Y, hi frithisi, Eg. with conf. of i n- and a n-. Cf. last cit. in II a, below).

adv II Middle Irish forms and uses.

Both do ḟrithissi (dorísi, dorís) & aḟrithissi (arísi, arís) early become petrified forms used indiscriminately without regard to number, person or gender. When f, or ff is written it is seldom certain, and in later MSS. unlikely that any specific personal form is intended by the scribe (any more than in modern times it is felt in `arís'). In consequence of the general confusion of unstressed final -e, -i the final when retained is often written -e ( doridise : glé, SR 1412 ). The original meaning of the phrase is lost sight of, and mere repetition is commonly expressed.

(a) in the reverse direction, back (to the same place), used with verbs of motion: no forcongrad furre co n[d]igsed ar cúlu doridisi cosin corp ... asar escomloi, LU 2251 ( FA 31 ). for a chulu ... ni thanic doridise , SR 2556 . toi forsna heochu ... dofrithisi turn the horses back LU 5667 . dothoet ina frithlurg afri[t]hisi i tir nU., Trip.² 412 (= convertit iter suum ad regiones U. Ardm. 5a ). dolotar ... dochum nErind doridis fora culaib, Lec. Facs. 276ra42 . tecait ... secht srotha ... dorís isin topur, Metr. Dinds. iii 288 . Similarly with other vbs. to denote a reverse process: in Rí dorósat a chrí | ro fuirim a frithisi, Metr. Dinds. iv 242 = hi f.¤ , BB 410a46 . Cf. doeth [impers.] chucai hi f.¤ TBC Eg. ( ZCP ix 148.4 = a f.¤ , TBC-I¹ 1126 , a fridisi, LU 5607 ; cf. 5700 cited at end of I).

(b) again, once more (of repetition) : dodilgfitis dō ... a chinta doridise , SR 1412 . robamar ni fecht co cátaid acut ┐ no bemmís dorisi dia mbad ail duit, LU 3917 ( SCC 43 ). nocon imbēra som for Ultu a cles sin dorísse, LU 5136 (doríisi Y doridisi Eg.). dosrimchell aridisi fa thrí in cruth sin, 6511 . samail in catha catharda ro gníead etir M. & S. do gnim doridisi, CCath. 912 . co ro hathcumdaiged Hierusalem ... doridise les, Lec. Facs. 25vb38 = co ro chumtaiged ... aridisi, Rawl. 74a10 .

(c) again i.e. subsequently, afterwards: conid uaithib sin rogeineastair tri saerclanda Erind doridisi (after they had been nearly exterminated), Lec. Facs. 186ra21 . doriṅgni in tres gním isin bliadain ar cind doris, TBC-LL¹ 1069 . dorinneth Papa ... don treas Bonefacius ... don cethrumad Bonefacius aris, ZCP xiii 184.18 . gach ní atchluinim ... fá bhfuighinn guais ... arís anything ... which might be dangerous to me afterwards Dán Dé ix 6 .

Passing into sense in addition: tri bliadnai xxx tri mís ┐ ix lathi dorís ... soegal Meic De, LB 146 marg. inf. Cf. is mór a lobra ... Mad a máthair ... is lobru sidi doridisi she is even feebler (than her daughter) Trip.² 269 .

With added implication of in return, in requital: romarb Aed Sláini Suibne, ro fhácaib sen mac .i. Conall ... conad é sin romarb Aed S. doridisi, SG 75.2 = YBL 171b44 . marbaid side a brathair ... ┐ romarb a mac side doridhise (i.e. his brother's son killed him) Lec. 36b40 .

inunn, in(n)onn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inunn, in(n)onn or dil.ie/28996

 

Forms: hinunn, inaind, inunna

adj (see GOI § 484 ). Lenites follg. fem. subst. : is hinunn chiall indib, Sg. 144b1 . is inunn chiall ..., Ml. 114b1 . 77b1 . Originally invariable : it inonn side et qui ..., Wb. 23b16 ; but later inflected as o,ā : n p. ? inaind, KZ xxix 372.21 (see p. 375 n. ). it inunna , IT iii 26.14 . it inunda aimser (? leg. aimsera) doib, aimser L. rig Eirenn; ocus T. ... airdrig in domain, Laws i 2.y . isat inunda a ngnima, LB 256a60 .

I

alike, equal, the same, identical, the one: in innonn less parbulus et nutrix `does he deem ... the same ?,' Wb. 24d11 . ar is innon iress nodonfirianigedar `for it is the same faith that justifies us,' 19a14 . corop inonn cretem bes hi far cridiu et anasberaid hó bélib, 7d10 . is hinonn persan gnís ┐ fodaim `'tis the same person that acts ...,' Sg. 143a6 . conid hi.¤ folad dóib `so that they have the same substance,' 9a15 . is hi.¤ intṡliucht sluindite diblinaib `identical,' 76b5 . is i.¤ chiall isindi as scit ┐ as nóuit , Ml. 114b1 . is i.¤ inne fil indib diblinaib, 74d7 . is i.¤ cumachtae .i. is ed a cumachtae cétnae indí dáe rodamsoersa din galarsa ┐ durat digail forsna assaru, 48a21 . is do imthrenugud ón asind fetarlaici as n-i.¤ tosach preceptae Iohain ┐ Íssu crist `to confirm ... that the beginning of the preaching ... is the same,' Tur. 39. ond inund tuitim gl. eodem lapsu, Goid. 68.2 . conid snedhcasbar[dne] dosberar do suidiu ┐ ni lancasbar[dne], it inunna hi tomus, IT iii 26.14 . o becaib co moraib ... o rigaib co hamrigaib, is inann bescna a teallaig la Feine, Laws v 466.18 . it inunna na tri seoit ocus na cuic seoit iar fut `are equal to,' i 102.12 Comm. ni sain ani canas an rí firen fri firinne na sgreptra acht is inann, O'Curry 2276 (< Eg. 88, 20c ). ba inond aithesc la firu Herend fri Eochaid the one request, LU 10717. niba inund socraidecht do chorpaib na naem uli thall úair nach inund cid fochraic, 2646 - 7 . inand éitiud ┐ gaiscead ┐ dath each doib a ceathrur, BDD² 120. inund foglaim fríth dúinn, TBC-LL¹ 4166. i.¤ māthair dóib ... ocus i.¤ senathair, ZCP xiii 5.12 . ní chuindig nech ní o'raile dib, fo bith ar is inand a sommatu ┐ is cutrumma a ndommatu, Alex. 847. ni hinund sét tancatar ... ┐ dochuatar doridise , PH 7037. ní hionand gnáth damhsa is duitt `thy way is not my way,' Studies 1920, 263 § 11 . ionann daoibhse bheith gan chairt | na neithe taoi do labhairt `you might as well have no charter,' Content. v 91. neimhionann sermoniass ┐ ord ceilibartha don chathraigh si ┐ don chūirt Rōmhānaigh, Fl. Earls 100.8 . ní bhíd cosa an bhacaidh ionann `are not equal,' Proverbs xxvi 7. gurab ionann iad, acht amháin, go raibh íodhbairt na Croiche fhuilteach, Donlevy 426.4 .

ionann (sin) ré a rádh ` that is to say ' : ionann sin ré a rádh ┐ nach gabhann gan síneadh láimhe, sioróipe ... do thabhairt don othar, TSh. 8246. ni mó dheuntaoi Dée d'ór; noch is ionann re rádh agus so : Ni bhiaidh Dée coimhightheacha agad `which is the same thing as to say,' Donlevy 58.z .

As attrib. adj. (declined), similar, same, identical: fear congeb ... trede .i. tri dana inanna aigi .i. durtech ┐ muilinn ┐ ibroracht `three parallel arts,' Laws v 104.21 Comm. is imarcraid n-innisen tíachtain darna nechib inundaib fo dí, LU 7915. bīad inann cech aenduine `the same food for every one,' BColm. 74.32 . gabuir da édach inunna `identical,' Rosa Angl. 66.24 . san aon-áit ionainn theilgthear iad, TSh. 908.

Used adverbially, in the same way, alike, equally: gniid sem for nach naile hi.¤ ┐ gniid side ..., Sg. 199a5 . ni hínand mogaigus maine do neoch tellach i tir co cruib ocus i tir cen cru `it is not equally property increases for (one who has made) entry into a land with fences and into a land without fences,' Laws iv 24.6 Comm. ionann tig is téid uain | maith bhréige an bheatha, Dán Dé xxviii 40. gurab ionann tigeadh an bás do rochtain an óig ┐ an arsaidh, TSh. 360.

inunn ocus the same (thing) as, just as: is i.¤ ┐ tolli `it is the same as tolli,' Thes. ii 24.33 (Bcr.). adultrus ... is i.¤ ocus in t-eisinnrucus im breithir ` equal to ,' Laws i 58.11 Comm. is inand do neoch ocus ro beth ina aititin muna derna foeigium im a fuaitread `it is the same thing to one as to be in acknowledgment of it unless he gives notice of opposing it,' iii 10.4 Comm. ind esergi coitchenn ... ni hinund ┐ ind esergi dianid ainm ... prestrigia ..., LU 2703. oenach Life ... | aebind do cech-oen téit and | ni hinund is Guaire Dall, RC vii 290.4 . ní hionann ┐ an aimsir se not as now , TSh. 94. ní hionann is iad ní iarrann uaigneas unlike them, he ..., Keat. Poems 1454.

is inunn (s)ón ocus that is to say: is inon són et á uita gl. praesentia, Wb. 8d16 . nemo potest ei dignam laudem afferre. Is inand ón ocus ni thic do neoch molad is imchubaid fris do dénum dó, IT i 169.21 . foclass a búrach dó, is inund són ┐ focheird úir da luib taris, TBC-LL¹ 1490. is and-sin tincais Cuchulaind fair [is inund ón ┐ no fégand], 2128 . eirc fort chulu, a chotarsnaig, is inund ón ┐ tabair dail dam fadechtsa cen m' aimsiugud co hamsir in chesta, PH 4886.

II As subst. : a n-i.¤ gl. idem, Thes. ii 24.37 (Bcr.).

inunn óen or óen inunn `one and the same,' identical: is hi.¤ óen leiss naturasignificatio , Sg. 61a16 . is hinon óin significantiadiscretio `quite the same are ...,' 208b11 . is i.¤ óin a confidet ┐ á misserere , Ml. 75a7 . sech is inonn óin lesom a ndede nisiu, 62c3 . noco noen inand lim do beir mougad mainech ar fer in ferainn im íc sēt ris im techtugad in feraind co cruib ime aici ocus cen cruib ime, Laws iv 24.7 Comm.

3 ná, na

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ná, na or dil.ie/32901

 

Forms: na, nád, an(n)á, an(n)a, arná, arna, con(n)á, cona

conj. introducing subord. neg. clause; in O.Ir. generally na, often alternating with nád (nad); folld. by ro, often nar (nár). When an inf. pron. follows, 4 nach is used. Used in O. and Mid.Ir. in follg. cases:

(a) after the rel. adverbs amal, in tain, uair; after a n- when, while and after ara, co n-, introducing final or consecutive clauses (in these cases generally forming the compds. an(n)á, an(n)a; arná, arna; con(n)á, cona):

amal na fil i ndia (an)isiu as this is not in God, Wb. 14c24 . amal naṅdéni mascul as it does not make a masculine, Sg. 125a6 (= nán?). in tan na hantai for cocertad Medba since ye abide not by M.'s judgement, FB 75. in tan toccraides don choimdid nech ┐ na denand a chomarli, PH 4016. huare narbu derachtae, Ml. 18d18 . uair ná dernsam cuibdi, SR 1853. an[n]ambaid buidig when ye are not content, Ml. 115b10 . annar-bu buidech som, 40d10 . ánamtar tuidchissi (sic leg.) when they were not led, Sg. 6a13 (< a n-na-mbatar). See also arná, conná (under ar, co). Similarly after other conjunctions or rel. adverbs: daig na tísat that they may not come, PH 1013. o ro bitis . . . oc denum edpart do ┐ na tabrad freccra doib, 1958 . After in (interrog.), nád is generally used in Glosses; but cf. innabet o nach ainmmdiu whether they are not from any nominal form, Sg. 56b1 . ina raibi Gaedelg resiu ro tobaidhe? did not Gaelic exist? Auraic. 13.

Occas. with inf. pron.: arnam-tomnad námmin duine that he should not suppose me not to be a human being, Wb. 17d23 . hore nán rairigsiur because I had not perceived it (sc. peccad), 3c26 . huare nand chumgat because they cannot do it, Ml. 94b3 . aircein nant ro chomairleic som dunni as long as he did not permit it, 53d9 . cf. Wb. 3d13 .

(b) after cid (ar) why? cid arnabu son inchoissised longud? why was it not a word to express devouring? Ml. 56a13 . cid arna techta in psalm-sa titul?, Hib. Min. 11.365 . cid arna toet? PH 1218. cid ná tabraid in cauradmir?, FB 72. cid nab sin Fedelm-sa . . . cichsed ría cach mnaí? why should it not be F., ib. 22 ( LU 8296 , cf. 8318 ).

(c) introducing a noun-clause, either expanding an idea implicit in a foregoing noun or pron. or dependent on a vb. of feeling, perceiving, saying: co n-amairis na-nda-tiberad dia doib that God would not give it to them, Ml. 97d10 (with inf. pron.). is éiseo óen-ni moedim-se . . . na rag-sa fessin that I will not go, TBC-LL¹ 1777. ro fail a mor-abba dam-sa sain . . . na fetar, etc. I have good reason for that, (namely) that I know not, CRR 3. o atchuala M. . . . na cindte na berdais breith fair their determination not to pass judgement on him, PH 611. issed is cóir dúin na ragbam accaind na hindmusa, 6123 . is aire sin nara chóir duit-siu tiachtain, TBC-LL¹ 3527 (na rachóir, Wind.). arnamtomnad námmin duine that I were not a human being, Wb. 17d23 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 118 , ii 223 ). dar lim-sa na fail áth for abaind, CRR 28. ro fhitir na ra bi adbar aile aice, PH 530. Esp. in reported speech: asberad som na mbu tressa dia hirusalem that the God of Jerusalem was not stronger, Ml. 53d6 . atberim frib . . . na híb don chenel fhina-sa that I will not drink, PH 5055. asbert C. nárbu santach fair, FB 90. a[t]bert nár mó a olc dhó-som, TTr.² 73. By extension, after a vb. of asking: ro aitchiset na firu . . . naro indistis [na scéla], PH 3708.

For the copula-form nár in answering a question in the negative, see 3 nád.

(d) rarely introducing a final or consecutive clause (instead of arná, conná): tuargaib leiss . . . é go mbad ra áth a túaid ra beth in coscur ┐ na bad ra áth aníar in order that the victory might be north of the ford and not west of it, TBC-LL¹ 3967. afraig C. . . . na betis áes na fledi cen ól that . . . might not be without drink, FB 27. na tócuir chucut do chairdiu . . . na ro tochuiret-side tusu doridise , PH 6020 , cf. 6870 , 3178 . tuc Dia rath dō narb andsa la cristaigib he oldait geinte so that he was not dearer to Christians than to Gentiles, 310 .

(e) irregular in follg. exx.: (introducing a main clause) ro bádus-[s]a . . . for oen-lepaid ┐ nar fetus ergi, PH 2777. (in asking a question, for nách) `na tu Ferchertne?' ar C. `Me imorro' ar se, Ériu ii 28 § 10. Analogically for no co until after a neg. sent.: tiur-sa brethir . . . nachas-idnaidiub-sa andso . . . ná co clórat fir hErend mo chomergi-sea, TBC-LL¹ 4939 = no co ccluinit, St. na co risat . . . ni ricub-sa, 2890 , cf. 143 (perh. meant for no co).

2 ocus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ocus or dil.ie/33484

 

Forms: acus, ┐

conj., also acus (cognate with 1 ocus, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 161 ) and. In texts generally expressed by the contraction ┐ (used for Lat. et), nearly always so in Ml.; Wb. prefers Lat. et (but ┐ occurs Wb. 2b9 , 33a2 , 6 , 33b20 , 34a6 ), which is found also in later texts, e.g. TBC Stowe.

Forms.

(1) ocus, written in full fifteen times in the Cambray Homily and in Ml. 65a7 , 94c5 ; in later texts generally at the beginning of a sentence, e.g. LU 2401 , 2402 .

(2) acus, written in full Wb. 3a15 and perhaps to be read for Lat. et and ┐ through- out that text. In TBC, besides the contraction, ocus is found written in full down to TBC-LL¹ l. 2313 and again 3008 ; acus, 2913 , again 3188 and through the rest of the text.

(3) ocuis, only in Cambr. Hom. where it occurs five times ( Thes. ii 245.4 , 6 , 9 ; 247.14 , 20 ).

(4) is: possibly in Wb. 10b21 : et in tain asṁberar benefacere co[n]iugio is melius facere virginitatem (the refer- erence is to 1 Corinth. vii 38 : et qui matrimonio iungit . . . bene facit; et qui non iungit melius facit), where Ascoli sees the conj., Edd. Thes. the copula. Common in poetry from an early date when required by metre: ar cuirp is ar n-anma, Thes. ii 395.5 (Mael Ísú's hymn). eter mín is garb co ndath | eter marb ocus beothach, SR 27. tair ocus tiar, tuaid is tess, 86 ; cf. 122 , 310 . Johannes is Paulus, Fél. June 26 . déssib ocus trírib, Prol. 210 = co ndessib is tririb, LB. for nim ocus talmain, Ep. 294 = is for talmain v.l. for deiss rig is ruirech, TBC-LL¹ 3070 , cf. 735 , 3211 , 4103 . Nearly always written in full, but occas. expressed by ┐ : is nocho móo ro genair, TBC-LL¹ 3684 ; ┐ meicc Matae Murisce, CRR § 5 (= is meicc), both hepta- syllabic lines. Contracted to s: a chosc fein | 's a timargain dia uagréir, SR 4128. Occas. in prose: is cia itá do thigerna- su?, TBC-LL¹ 1417. cen a lor each ┐ bid is etaig, PH 411 = LB 6a1 . In late poetry generally written as, freq. contracted to 's.

(5) os: os airm i mbiad da comarba `and in a place', Laws iv 128.3 . os ma doti eisirt [sic MS.] . . . anechtair, 128.11 (in both cases glossed: os ar acus, 128.15 ; 130.3 ); cf. ii 178.16 . os aircoige techta . . . .i. os ar ogus, O'Dav. 100. os .i. ocus, 1318 . See Ir. Recht §§ 30 , 31 , 32 and ZCP xvi 275. See also 2 os. Ocus (is) lenites follg. consonant: cu cumtuch ┐ chon- imbiud, Ml. 94b11 . Petair is Phóil, Fél. Nov. 18. ra[t] chuit maige is chaille, TBC-LL¹ 3036 = is cailli, TBC-LL¹ 2252. orba cruid ocus tṡliasta, Laws iv 40.13 . ag imchar chéri as chopán, IGT Dec. ex. 101. In TBC-LL¹ 1826 : is lór n-argigi ┐ n-óebinniusa ┐ n-ániusa amthiagat, the eclipsis after lór is transferred by ocus to the nouns follg.

Used like Eng. and, Lat. et, atque, -que as co-ordinating conj. to connect sentences and members of a sentence: gl. -que, Ml. 65a7 . Occas. used loosely where an adversative conj. might be expected: ní baí innmas laiss ┐ baí ferand he had no wealth but he had land, LL 167a53 . Dún Eogain . . . ní mair Eogan forsind múr | ocus maraid in sendún, ACL iii 303 z . adubairt . . . nach rachad . . . fein ┐ co cuirfeadh nach eli, ZCP xiii 183.16 . Cf. `nā fuirig, a gilla', ar si `┐ ata do brathair agad togairm' for thy brother is calling thee, TTebe 4350 .

Idiomatic uses:

(a) when ocus connects two subjects of the same vb. of which the first is a sing. pers. pron., this latter is commonly not expressed but implicit in the vb. which is used in the plural: conráncatar ┐ Dubthach he and D. met, Thes. ii 241.5 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). conricfam ann ocus tu you and I will meet there, Fél. 86.32 . (Cf. the similar construction with eter: darala eturru . . . ┐ Fergus F. and he quarrelled, TBC-LL¹ 6135. ) The follg. constructions are analogous: ní sgéar agus Muire M. and I will not part, Dán Dé xxvii 34 (ní sgéaram would be ex- pected). mo dheala agus Rí na ríogh | ná tí dhíom cheana do chlódh `may I not fail to heal my breach with the Lord', ib. go dtí . . . don chneidh mo shíoth agus Rí an ríchidh `may the wound cause my peace with the Lord', vi 18 . i n-oen-uair tancatar ocus techta Conchobair they and C.'s messengers arrived together, IT i 96.4 .

(b) connecting two sentences the second of which is virtu- ally though not formally dependent on the first: cach fiach inghellus duine ocus bidh ina shaidhbre every debt which a man promises who is in wealth, Laws iv 36.27 . in filet ocaib-se araile dee ┐ is friu raiter Petar ┐ Pol? have ye certain gods who are called, PH 432. `Usce damsa, a bean' . . . `Dobér' or si, `┐ tuc poic dam' (= if you will kiss me), RC xxiv 198.21 . nocha denaim-si fich nā formad um airchendus na Greigi . . . ┐ leigid dam-sa bruigi na Teibe provided ye leave me the farms of T., TTebe 835 . ba nert leis a menma ┐ tiasad i n-oenuch (= as if he were going), TBC-LL¹ 2497.

(c) used to connect a main clause with a subordinate; gen. in sense since, seeing that : canas i ngabur teora cethraime in feich . . . ocus co na fuil acht leth na miach? whence (comes it that) three-quarters of the fine is paid . . . seeing that it is only half the sack? Laws iv 84.1 . nā dena doilges fa dol do denam foghlamadh . . . ┐ gu dtiagaid na cennuighthi darna farrgibh seeing that merchants cross the seas, Ériu v 140 § 129. créad tug ar do fhréimh romhaibh gan déanamh a ndearnobhair 's nach ainbhfeas . . . tug bhar n-aighneas dáibh do dhearmad? why did not your race before you do as you have done, since it was not ignorance that made them omit your argument? Content. ix 20 , cf. vi 110 .

(d) introducing a nom. absol. standing

(1) in adjectival relation to a foregoing noun; in this case usually folld. by the disjunctive form of the pers. pron.: Muirchertach do toitim . . . ocus se ar meisce, RC xviii 194.12 . i fiadnaise in abbad noeim . . . ocus se baccach, PH 620. ruc si mac . . . ┐ si fo leith na dromlaigi, RC xxiv 190 § 2. co ro gairestar a n-ainimm as a corpaib ┐ iat-som i n-a lige for lár, PH 1010. in tan batar amlaid sin ocus siat aurlam co bás, 390 . ro hadnaiced na geill . . . ┐ siad beoa, RC xxiv 184.17 . dorinne tú agus tú id' naoidhin . . . mil don uisge, Dán Dé xii 17. mar atáid na cuirp chealgacha . . . ┐ gan iad cliste ná calma, TSh. 2070. See 2 os.

(2) in an adverbial relation to the sent.: ro iarfaigset uli . . . ┐ a cind cromma with bent heads, PH 583. atbert Longínus ┐ in popul imme di cech leth with the people around him, 760 . desidar `na suidi ┐ Niall i medon etarru with N. between them, RC xxiv 202.2 . adubhairt nár shochar dó an fheoil d'fhagháil is méad na tóire do bhí 'n-a diaidh seeing how many there were in pursuit of it, Keat. iii 1021. dul don tigh . . . agus méad mo mhearaighthe | ní fhéadfainn `owing to my great folly I cannot reach the castle', Dán Dé i 4. ba himshnimach let, ┐ í an coimhlin so do bliadhnoibh ad choimhleapaidh, gan clann agoip she being your wife for so many years, Fl. Earls 224.3 .

Oft. introducing a conditional phrase containing an infini- tive: is mairc thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si so thecht trit `woe to him who cometh into this world and causeth these evils', PH 7791. ro gell nā tobechad . . . in ṁborama ┐ a anacul if he got quarter, RC xiii 52 § 40 ( LL 299b36 ). doberim a cutruma dóib ocus gan techt im' agaid if they will not oppose me, Fianaig. 78.16 . ro tairgid cairt ar cró a cinid dó ┐ a n-airc d'fóirighin provided he would help their difficulty, Ériu iv 224.24 . créad é an tarbha dho neach dá bhfhaghadh sé an domhan uile agus a anum féin do chailleamhain?, Mark viii 36. The Welsh ac (a) `and' is similarly used: Welsh `ac efe etto yn llefaru, daeth rhai' while he yet spake, Mark v 35. Welsh `os ynnill yr holl fyd a cholli ei enaid', viii 36 .

(e) a similar construction is found after amlaid: is amlaid ro bui M. ocus fled morchain aici, Fianaig. 54.31 . is amlaid tánic a dochum ┐ lán a dā glac lais do lommánaib, FB 81. combad amlaid domeltís hé ┐ a n-iallacrand imma cossaib, PH 5102. is amhlaidh do-chonnairc E. an marcach so ┐ coróin fána cheann, TSh. 40.

(f) used in equative comparison and after inund `the same': métithir ocus óg rérchirce as big as, MacCongl. 53.1 . cutruma beirius ocus cach fer dlighthech isin bfine he gets as much as, Laws iv 294 y Comm. cumme ┐ sengobi like an old smith, Mon. Tall. 19. go n-oibrigheann an teine . . . comh-maith ┐ oibrigheas uisge, TSh. 1989. go bhfuil an uiread do bharr teasa ag teine phurgadóra . . . ┐ atá ag teine an tsaoghail, 4416 . ni hinund sét tancatar ┐ dochuatar doridise , PH 7037. isin cháisc dedenaig, is inund ón ┐ dia laithe brátha that is to say (namely), 5012 .

oentadaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oentadaigid or dil.ie/33540
Last Revised: 2019

 

v g.

I Intrans.

(a) joins, unites with: ro aíntadaig- setar . . . sil Seth ocus clann Caeïn, SR 2401. .viii. saerbaird ┐ .viii. n[d]aerbaird . . . cidh a n[d]eachtraighter ┐ i n-aentadaighter? wherein do they differ from and resemble each other? IT iii 24.7 .

(b) with DO, assents, agrees (to): oentadigimm do fhorcetul in rechta, PH 6635. óentadaigfit ule do fugiull in Chomded, LU 2663 ( RC xxv 248.1 ).

(c) with FRI in sexual sense: coro aíntadaig fria, LL 274a28 . oentudaidfetsa (oentaidhedsa, aontaighfiotsa, v.ll.) frit 'I will sleep with you', Cóir Anm.² ii 21 § 72 .

II Trans. makes one, unites : is e [Críst] ro aentadaig petar- laicc ┐ nufhiadnaise, PH 6763. ro aentadaig doridise in tarb ro scailed joined together, 1183 .