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6 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 a or dil.ie/7
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: á

conjunction, nasalizing and followed by nasalizing rel. clause when, while . Orig. neut. sg. of article, see GOI § 890 . With neg. an(n)ad: anataibrem, Wb. 15d25 . annád foirpret, Sg. 48b5 . With ro: ar(r)u, ar(r)o, anru: arocelebrus, Wb. 14d31 . arrucestaigser, Ml. 2d3 . Also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ).

In O.Ir. glosses usually in phrases glossing Latin participles: arocelebrus gl. ualefaciens, Wb. 14d31 . annongeiss cách gl. testificans, 30b4 . anataibrem do neuch gl. nemini dantes, 15d25 . a fortéitsi aém ref. to adiuuantibus, 14c3 . anambet ecailsi gl. non discutiendi `when they will not be to be examined', Ml. 15d7 . anas lie uilnech and Isu gl. superaedificati ipso summo angulari lapide . . ., Wb. 21c6 . arumsa loiscthe gl. adustus, Ml. 118d1 . a lléicfimme gl. relinquentes, 14d8 . arrucestaigser frisin nebride gl. cum Ebreo disputans, 2d3 . nad necmai andumenmarni gl. aestimantes, 15d5 . continuans .i. a comoicsider, Sg. 59a2 . andonaidbdem gl. ostendentes, 211a12 . an as suidigthe gl. positum, 4a11 . andocoisgedar ne comaccomol .s. gl. sequente, 15b4 . andonaithchuiredar .u. gl. redeunte `when u returns', 18b6 . ambas cete gl. cantato `when it shall have been sung', Thes. ii 17.34 . ( BCr. 32b5 ). anaslui grién foa fuined gl. occidente, 33b18 . andusleicet inna rind gl. residentibus `when the planets sink', 18b10 . Note also: conid gau dóibsem . . . anasberat nadṁbed ad plures , Sg. 40a15 . annád foirpret `when they do not increase', 48b5 .

With impf. indic. andummecitis gl. dispicientes, Ml. 34c6 . annumfindbad[a]igtisse gl. beatificantes, 39d14 . So also in Trip.: P. . . . anno cluined inna briathra sa dorothlaig . . ., Trip.² 118 . anno cníted . . . is éd ro ráde . . . = suspirans . . . ait, 405 . A Latinism, GOI § 519 (see also note p. 682, and Stokes, KZ xxix 376 ). Note also: ferais L. faelti fris . . . a n-asbert saying, LU 3430 .

In literary texts: a lluid fon loch con(f)aca[e] in muirdris, Ériu xvi 38 § 6 . mairg Ultu arro génair . . . in gormac, MU² 323 . fer dorigne sin amdar lana a .vi. bliadna, TBC-I¹ 543 . ar-roldatar (irroldatar, v.l.; leg. inróldatar, Immrama 86 § 2 ). fairggi fergaidh when they went on the angry sea, Snedg. u. Mac R 9.§ 2 . inba siu as . . . indbasi hée ┐ inuuisi ron, . . . inuaisi cú `when I was a deer', etc., ZCP ii 315.9 . a m-luidset co leth lenna `when they had got halfway across the sea', Dinds. 5 ( RC xv 294 ). a ronecam-[ni] do lesa, ACL iii 294 § 13 . a mbātar ann oc fledōl co cualatar ēigem na caillige, ZCP vii 306.5 . i n-bása isind ecclais so `when I was in this church', BNnÉ 93 § 203 . a mbuí ann, Stair Erc. 387 .

2 abairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 abairt or dil.ie/37

 

Forms: abhairt

n [ā], f. Initial a- somet. marked long, but quantity not fixed by rhyming exx. Prob. vn. of *ad-beir. The lenition in abhairt, H 3.18 603 prob. an error. f., IGT Decl. § 42 .

(a) game, feat, trick: ni hadha dom anmuin apairt romnett, Ériu ii 3.3 `not due to my soul is the deed (or feat) that has quelled (?) me', p. 7 . abras ┐ a.¤ dogní int ócláech . . . focheird a bunsaig rout n-aurchora úad . . ., TBFr. 49 . ba si abreth (a.¤, v.l.) dogniad C. . . . .i. dobeired a da mér immon cailg ndét . . ., Ériu iii 142.231 . cidne apairte dorigne m'athair ag bein a cind doit dé .i. dó Art, 23 E 29 34b2 . dosgní cuclaide . . . ┐ abarta inganta (of the ark), LB 128a50 . fochann . . . tresa ttángattar . . . na habarta fúalaing ┐ folúaimhnighe ain fáoi-siumh, BS § 1 . In association with reb: reb ┐ ā.¤ , TBC-I¹ 1796 . roboth ocond reibsin ┐ ocond á.¤ on tráth coraile, 1418 . lorg . . . ba sed a reba ┐ abairti, MU² 629 . reba ┐ abarta, TBC-LL¹ 5191 . a.¤ .i. ab arte .i. issī a.¤ doní .i. elada, O'Mulc. 10 . ar ae .i. ar a a.¤ .i. ar a dán, Laws v 460.4 Comm. a.¤ .i. cleas, H 3.18, 603a . a.¤ .i. bés, H 3.18, 51b . a.¤ .i. ealadha no bés, O'Cl. a.¤ .i. indell, Lec. Gl. 397 .

(b) performance, behaviour: fo dhaig dognith apairt dia sirsilliudh `for it was his wont to gaze at her continually', Ériu xii 164 § 3 (TE2). ba hisin . . . a abair[t] this was how he behaved, RC ix 470.16 . bliadain . . . ocund ábairt se (of birds), IT iii 244.39 . .i. cleas, 276 § 4 (H 3.18, 603.25). Freq. with prep. FOR; teora mí dó forsan a.¤ sin (of a magic ox), BNnÉ 186 § 23 . secht misa dhoibh forsan abart sin (of a host beleaguering a city), Marco P. 151 . dia coscc don apairt sin (of reviling), Fen. 116.10 . co n-á.¤ imtholta, TBC-LL¹ 5325 = co mmīad imtholton, TBC-I¹ 3263 .

ad-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fen or dil.ie/438

 

Forms: ad-fenar, -aithenar, -aithidis, adfether, athfethar, adfither, aithid, aiti, aithe

v (* aith-fen-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 517 ). Indic. pres. pass. sg. ad-fenar, Laws i 256.6 . -aithenar, Sc.M² § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -aithidis, Wb. 21d11 . Fut. pass. sg. adfether, Wb. 20b7 . athfethar, Gael. 50, 140 ( Blathm. 977 ). adfither, Ériu i 68.17 . Later as simple vb. aithid. See also 2 aithnigid. Verbal of necess. aiti, IT iii 199.4 . Vn. aithe.

Repays, requites: digail .i. adfether do gl. portabit iudicium, Wb. 20b7 . asber . . . arandaithidisom di maith `he says . . . that they should requite it with good' 21d11 . aithgabail insin ad fenar fo fio ad fenar olcc anmuinib ad fenar maith muinib, Laws i 256.6 . mani atma flaith na fine nad innarbann, is aithgin ind. Ad-fenar, feib ro-n-erthar, ZCP xiv 382 § 46 (= Laws ii 308.20 ). ar asrenar fo-fia, ar is ó ulcc fo-fenar (adfenar, fofechar, MSS) olcc for evil is repaid by evil(?), ZCP xi 85 § 39 . nach urgais nad aitir co cend mbliadhna, O'D. 2233 (Nero A vii, 155-6). aither feich inbleogain air, O'Curry 766 ( H 3.18, 360b ). ? gin co haitaither, 506 ( H 3.18, 257 ). dianotecma slait / do bachla sdo chluic / fo déin cen ro aithe / na ro caithe a ccuit, KMMisc. 270.10 . nó go n-aithear m'adhbhar-sa till my grudge is settled, DDána 95.4 . ní aitheann i gcéadóir cion, 60.36 . ní hé gu maithfe tú an troighech / aithfe an crú sa soidech súd, IGT Decl. ex. 811 . m'olc féin is é do aithfeadh, Dán Dé vii 28 . Freq. in constr. ad-fen (aithid) x for y avenges x on y: ni haiti for neach . . . dia mbadh a n-inadh aco sin no digladh a fholaid, IT iii 199.4 . aithis in file fechair / a díbe ar a droich-ṡethair, Metr. Dinds. iii 56.37 . aithfimídne fort sa 'na ndeine d'éccoir forainn, BNnÉ 6.30 . cech ní dorigne-sim . . . fris in slaníccid do haithed fair, LB 142b41 . aithid air bar n-esanóir `revenge on him your insults,' MR 218.8 . co ro aithedh ┐ co ro dioghladh a ainninne for aroile, AFM v 1360.24 . do aith orainn ar n-ábhocht, Magauran 4200 . Cf. da n-aithea ferg Dé foraib, PH 2948 .

adlaic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adlaic or dil.ie/479

 

Forms: ad(a)ilc, a(i)l(l)ic, álic

adj i. Also ad(a)ilc, a(i)l(l)ic, álic. desirable, agreeable; needful: tuä intan bas n-a.¤ `silence when it is necessary', Ériu ii 64 § 4 . gach aidhme ba hadhailg ind eallma las an luing everything that was necessary, Hugh Roe 6.13 (fo. 1b) . buí idh . . . fri a tarraing chuca . . . an tan badh adhlaic, AFM vi 1898.6 . In attrib. use: a dlighedh adhluig, Laws i 254.20 Comm. (etymol. gloss on adilce. Cf. a dliged aidalic glossing aidilgne, iii 40.28, 42.12 Comm. ). ollamuin aidilge, O'D. 2215 (Nero A vii 148a) = ollamuin aidhilgne, ib. traighlethan adluigh dealbh[dh]a / Rathbuidhe tuir thrénTemhra, Geneal. Tracts i 17.9 . In phrases is a.¤ DO, LA: cid is ailicc dúib húam `what do ye desire from me?', Ériu iv 140.5 . robo a.¤ dó a aithi do P. aní dorigne fria fer comtha, Trip.² 541 . sec[h]ip rēt bas maith lasin filid ┐ bas a.¤ dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . ( bud á.¤ , Corm. 25.27 ). Fand ic dul la Manannán mac Lir ar nocorb álic duitsiu hí because she is not pleasing to you, LU 4020 ( SCC § 47 ). masat seoit rig . . . ad (adat, ata, v.ll.) adhailge (aidilci v.l.) daib, Anecd. ii 53.3 . nach nī is a.¤ ┐ is laind la duine, Corm. Y 1201 . masa a.¤ lib chena, LU 1566 . déna . . . amal as a.¤ let fessin, 8831 ( FB § 62 ).

Compar. alcu dún (ba cora duinne v.l.) fuligud ┐ fordergad for nech we prefer, LL 8073 (TBC). áillcge dit inda midól / . . . / tú it luing . . ., Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 9 ( LL 369 marg. inf. ). bes ailciu arailiu, Laws iii 42.12 Comm.

n As subst. desire, necessity; necessary thing: donrimmart gorta . . . / . . . / fri ar n-a.¤ uaig . . . to supply all our need, SR 3487 . dénad a.¤ (adoilcc v.l.) cech lobair `the need of every sick person` (rule for religious life), Ériu iii 96 § 2 . nícon ticfa ri moín no a.¤ . . . in sét connegar and (nicontarrtar fri main na torad(h) na a.¤ v.l.) by wish or desire, TBFr. 308 . aire ard oll airbrech ernes cach nolla.¤ / do buidnib balc Banba who grantest every large desire, Bruchst. i 24.7 ( IT iii 57.5 ). adhailg (aid(a)ilc v.ll.) fir urgnama .i. coire i.e. a cauldron is a necessity for a man who prepares food, Anecd.. ii 52.8 . ic imluadh a n-adhelge . . . ┐ a n-arm catha moving what was necessary for them, CCath. 4644 . a ffurtain do bhiúdh ┐ da gach naidhilcc aca, AFM v 1496.10 . = adhailcce, 1550.11 . ?róimh aoibhinn ar n-adhlaicne (: aicme), Studies 1920, 566 § 4 (perh. form of adailcne, see aidilccne). adhailg .i. mian, O'Cl. aidilg .i. mian .i. dliged, O'Curry 1970 (H. 4. 22, p. 15). = aidilg .i. main dligid, 569 (H 3.18, 284). In pejorative sense, demand(?), improper desire(?): con innisenn dó cen len / adlaice macc n-Israhél, SR 4608 = adlaice ┐ indliged mac nI., LB 122a36 . adlaici ┐ eccora inndligeda mac nI., BB 243a10 . ní hadlicgi álsidi / a ḟasnís do ócaib Ulad (ni hadlaic ailseda, St.) it is not a necessity of shame(?), TBC-LL¹ 4768 ( LL 11488 ).

aílechar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aílechar or dil.ie/988

 

n (aílech) manuring: ma dorigne . . . tuar no aileachar forsin ferand, O'Curry 1900 ( RIA 23 P 3. 23(21a) = tuar no ailech for in ferand, O'D. 1670 (H. 5.15, 25b). mas re denam tuair no aoilechair, Laws iv 136.14 Comm. (cf. ZCP iv 348 ).

2 aín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aín or dil.ie/1163
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aíne, a.

n f. Also aíne. (Lat. ieiunium, see GOI p. 573 ) fast, period of fasting (originally as an ascetic practice, as opposed to troscad ‘coercive fasting’ Ireland in Early Mediaeval Europe 169 ): ain .i. troscad, ut est firbes athgabala aine, O'Dav. 55 . in rí dorigne in n-óene, SR 7600 . ōene chorgais ronāin Crīst, ZCP xiii 28 § 9 . dī ōene na sechtmaine / i n-ōene co cert, 29.1 . buith i n-óini, Ériu ii 65 § 8 . dobhatar tredenus ind oine they had been three days without food, Lism. L. 204 . missi . . . romḟuca sech ṡáebi sneíd / torud aíni in rig roreid, LL 17725 ( BB 9a22 ). oeni dano, ar Molling, atósa im throscud o thosuch domain, LL 284b27 . tredan ┐ tromáinte, Alex. 452 . an aoine as crádh don choloinn, DDána 55.6 . dá mbristeá trosgadh . . . a n-aointibh an chorghuis, Mac Aingil 3051 . In homilies of wrongful abstention from religious duties: ocht n-áine na tuillet fochraicc, PH 8365 . áine oc tomailt chuirp Crist, 8373 . áine . . . o fhoghlaim ecna Dé, 8377 . aine re corp Crist, Ériu xix 7 § 5 (see notes). Of the fast on the eve of a feast day, hence vigil: oene (.i. uigil Pedair) tenn mar thocbaim `as I set up a severe vigil', Gorm. June 28 . dond epiphain aine `the vigil of the Epiphany', Jan. 5. for aene na n-apstol, Oct. 27. In names of days of the week: cét-a.¤ (lit. first fast) Wednesday: dia cétáine rogabad in salm so, Ml. 113d3 . hi cetain, LU 1855 . im nemcaithem feola i nainib ┐ i cetainib not eating meat on Fridays and Wednesdays, Laws iii 14.20 Comm. tardaín, dardaín (= etar-dí-aín) (lit. between two fasts) Thursday: tar(a)daín do lanamnas, Críth G. 546 . dardain do ṡaeraib, Ériu xvii 72.21 ( Laws iv 216 ). See dardóin. aín dídin(e) (lit. end fast) Friday: aín díden do retha[i]b ech, Críth G. 546 . atacumbat echtraind . . . i n-óin didin ar Elpai on Friday, ZCP xiii 379.5 . ind āin diten hi Rāith Bic / dīth Diarmata immaric, 380.12 . See under 1 díden. Also aíne without qualifying wd.: i n-aínib ┐ domnachaibh, Críth G. 145 . aine ┐ satharnd, Ériu xvii 74 § 2 ( Laws iv 216 ). Kl. Enair for aine, RC xvii 414.21 (Tig.). ? ar dá cét déc sét saeire / cusan aíne fár genair, SG 148.14 ( Acall. 2424 ). aíne in césda Good Friday, LU 2772 . saothar oirrdheirc na hAoine, DDána 27 a.¤ , 29 . aíne órda, name of special Fridays on which a particularly severe fast was practised: is iad so in da dubhaine deg ordha na bliadna .i. in cedaine do marta etc., L. Chl. S. 120 . sechtmuin onde co haíne in césda ┐ da aine ordha uirri .i. áeni na féli Muiri ┐ aíni in cesda, LU 2772 . co fuilet dā Aíne dēc ōrda sa bliadhain, Éigse ix 32 . isin óini ordai, O'Dav. 155 .

ainicht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainicht or dil.ie/1388

 

n (icht) cruelty, inclemency, harshness: in t-ainiocht dorigne T. . . . ar Brian `barbarity', Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.30 . na dena aimricht (anicht v.l.) orm, Fier. 220 . trés an ainiocht do-rónsad ar a ndearbhráthair, TSh. 4686 . tres an ainiocht, DDána 84.28 . drong an aineachta, 101.13 . fá ainiocht na Scot ┐ na bPicti, Keat. ii 6120 . Compd. ¤rún: i n-éaruic a n-ainiochtrúin `for their rebellious will', PBocht 16.1 .

amrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amrae or dil.ie/3201

 

Forms: ambra, amhra, ánradh, aimhre

adj I io, iā. ambra: cadla, LL 4891 . amhra: ánradh, O'R. Poems 3152 (see notes); : anma, DDána 13.5 . aimhre: hAilbhe, AFM i 174.5 . See Ó Máille, Ériu x 158 . wonderful, marvellous, extraordinary: a.¤ ō uerbo ammiror .i. adamraigim, O'Mulc. 40 . Freq. glossed by maith: amra .i. maith nó mirbail nó imat nó iṅgnad, Lec. Gl. 88 . ateoch ríg n-amra n-aiṅgel (.i. maith no mirabilis), Thes. ii 350.14 . amra .i. bona, 328.31 . Also Ériu xiii 63 § 25 ( .i. fír, 64 § 41 ), O'Cl. Hence of advice: comarli amra, MU² 183 . Dánfhocail 230 . Of a person: in mac a.¤ airdirc, Trip.² 2670 . bid amre in mac, LU 10919 . fri clainn n-amrai n-Israhél, SR 4186 . abb Irarda a.¤ , Fél. Feb. 8 . á rí úasail amri, Ep. 462. la cét martir ṅa.¤ , July 4 . maccáem . . . amra alaind tu, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . ba fhaidh amra `wondrous prophet', RC xxiv 194.4 . Of a place: airecol a.¤ , LU 11023 . suid[igud] ard a.¤ / tige túathaic[h] Temra, ZCP viii 108.10 . Of things: fertae amrai ili many wonderful miracles, Fél. Ep. 175 . mind amra, Cog. 30.16 . is amre lim rad ṅdé lib I am pleased, Wb. 7d3 . amre liumsa, 14a34 . Equative: coich boi . . . badid [n]amradair (amridir, amrathir, adamruigter, v.l.) .i. bad comhuasal fri C., ACC 65 ( RC xx 260 ). badad namhradhar, Blathm. 740 . nī tharla celtair talmain / dar dúil badit n-amraither (sic leg., GOI § 368 ; -rathor MS) `anything so marvellous', Fianaig. 14 § 31 . Compar. ní fil i n-Ére óclaig bas amru, LU 4861 (TBC). amru feraib, 3641 ( SCC 31 ). ní bu amru ro-cloth dó something (even) more extraordinary was heard of him, MU² 940 `not more to his glory was it heard of him', Gloss. mad amru imres slega, Ériu iv 98 § 26 . Superl. ri side as amram tic Erind, YBL 136a18 . can assa iarthur . . . ass amram forcan a gial[l]aigecht ? Ériu iv 162 § 24 .

As subst. wonderful person: is int a.¤ Ithidún, SR 4192 . i cath Charmain cetaib cend / i mbatar amrai Herend, LL 2283 . dia n-amraib `of their famous men', Metr. Dinds. iv 98.93 .

II Subst. io, [n.]

(a) a wonderful thing, wonder, marvel: imforlinged mór namri de gl. a great wonder has resulted therefrom, Wb. 15d21 . mór namri, 13a33 . dind amru durigeni dia erib, Ml. 67b17 . már ní son .i. di amru, 17a10 . boí már de amru inna flaith many wonders, LU 10115 . tri ha.¤ Glinne Dalláin . . . tri ha.¤ Connacht, Triads 236 - 237 . samlai / . . . do maic amhrai (= macamrai), Blathm. 26 (see note). Common with follg. gen. indicating what is wonderful e.g. amra tíre a wonderful country, IT i 133.2 . ba a.¤ retha `a wondrous course', Thes. ii 311.1 ( Hy. ii ). a.¤ maitne wonderful morning (of a battle), TBC-LL¹ 4973 . a.¤ (n-)a.¤ used as an exclamation: a.¤ n-a.¤ ol in slúag wonder of wonders, BDD² 165 . tucaid mo shéotu damsa . . . a.¤! a.¤! ol cách, TBFr. 290 . a.¤ bríg (bríge) used ironically: amra brīgi soin . . . acht ropom airdricse that is of little account provided I become famous, TBC-I¹ 571 . amra bríg can co rabur acht oen lá ┐ oen adaig ar bith, TBC-LL¹ 1111 . Perhaps in literal sense: amra brígaib, bág n-uide / sám fri sídaib sám-chuire a great wonder, a traveller's tale, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.15 .

(b) miracle: Brigtæ ba hóen a amra, Thes. ii 338.5 (Hy. v) .i. do ḟertaib Brigte, z. ba mó amru arailiu / din chloich dorigne saland, 338.1 (ib.). amhra .i. firt, Ériu xiii 79 § 252 .

(c) vision: amhra .i. aisling, O'Cl. ni chreiti[r]-sium físi na hamra na haislingi, TTebe 622 . lá dár chodailsion . . . dochí amhra, Arch. Hib. i 83 § ii . spirut a ffidhair amra ┐ aislinge, Fl. Earls 192.24 . amhra do chailg mo chridhe, / mairg re dtarla ar dtaidhbhse-ne, Dánta Gr. 44.3 . an tusa an bhean do bhí sunn / aréir tre amhra agum?, TD 40.1 .

(d) eulogy. In titles of poems etc.: A.¤ Choluimb Chille, RC xx 30 . A.¤ Chonrói, Ériu ii 1 . A.¤ Senáin, ZCP iii 222 , etc. Note also: in t-ámrad Senāin, ZCP iii 225.3 . sreath . . . rann d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh `of eulogistic quatrains fit for an assembly', Ériu ix 163 § 5 . `As these poems were used as `path protections' ( V. SS. Hib. i clxxix ) a.¤ comes to have the meaning charm, cf. Hyde, Abhráin diadha i 353 ', Plummer MS notes. See 2 amrath.

bunad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bunad or dil.ie/7450
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bonadh, bunada, bunadana, b., bunadcineoil

n o, [n. ?] (1 bun). bonadh, CCath. 2515. gan bunaid (: Ulaidh), BB 51a29 ( MacCarthy 432.11 ). ? fer in bunait `the original owner', Laws iv 180.24 (sic also Facs.). a bhunaidh tuaighe (: chulaidh), TD 44.8 . pl. bunada, BB 203a6 . Todd Nenn. 26.1 (sic leg. for bunadana ?).

(a) origin, basis, source: ón bunud gl. a principali, Sg. 33b2 . don chétni persin as b.¤ do `which is its origin', 52a19 . ? fri báig is búnad prímda, Thes. ii 295 § 7. in slíab dianid b.¤ B. whose name derives from B., Metr. Dinds. ii 54.16 . nit scela cen b.¤ unauthorized (?), LL 6578. do b.¤ imthechta Eoganachta in so, ZCP viii 312.10 . a buna cunnartha `his original bargain', Laws v 504.29 Comm. do bhéar bunadh ris I shall give authority for it, Content. xviii 76. as é a b.¤ the fact is, Ériu iv 218.25 . `a funo' a b.¤ Laitne (of word fid), Auraic. 3551. b.¤ . . . don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm. ? Of a person: eirig suas a Oscair / ro fes is tu in b.¤ `that thou art (of) the true stock', SG 117.5 `that thou art the mainstay', Duan. F. ii 176 § 1. ? co ria b.¤ brechtaig, Leb. Cert.² 203.

Appar. also dwelling, habitation: b.¤ naem is chell is chros, Metr. Dinds. iii 424.31 . bhar mbunadh, DDána 74.9 (see Gloss.). bunaidh, dún `a habitation', Eg. Gl. 81.

(b) Of families etc. origin, stock, race: b.¤ mo chlainde gl. ex semine Abracham, Wb. 5a19 . is iesse as b.¤ dossom . . . iár colinn gl. erit radix Iesse, 6d10 . in bunaid gl. originis, Ml. 68c5 . do Bretnaib . . . b.¤ Lomáin, Trip. 68.3 . ō Loch Echach a mbunadh, ZCP viii 307.21 . an buna ┐ an bhanntracht `la famille, les femmes', RC xxiii 10.7 . sleacht B. bunadh na fola / ó dtáid síol mB., Content. xxix 20. ceann bunadh Gaoidheal, ML 22.2 .

(c) Freq. with gs. ceiniuil: ceili bunaid-selba ┐ bunaid-ceiniuil iar saire `ein Genosse, der ihm nach (Land-) Besitz und nach Geschlecht angestammt ist seiner Freiheit nach', ZCP xiv 381 § 44 ( Laws ii 306 ). sechtar b.¤ a ceníuil outside the family, LL 318c36 . b.¤ a cinil, Grail 824 . A. do bunadh-ceneil I., TTebe 3776 (leg. b.¤ ch. ?). gur fhágaibh . . . gach bean aga bunad-chineóil, ML 88.34 . Also bunadhchenél as compd., see below.

(d) In Laws original stock, stock belonging to the family, etc.: b.¤ `das Stammvieh', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 30. b.¤ cethra, Laws ii 394.23 . is se an bunadh tharb ┐ bo, O'Curry 2163 ( Eg. 88, 4d ). Hence freq. fer bunaid owner: d'fir bunaidh, Laws i 172.18 Comm. , etc. Of bees: is in tire insuidigther as coir b.¤ a tuisten `their young offspring belongs to the land in which they settle', Laws iv 190.16 . Of water for a mill: nicon fess cate b.¤ ind uisci `the origin (i.e. the original stock) of the water', Ériu xvii 64 § 1 ( Laws iv 206 ). Cf. trī randa dorigne don lind .i. b.¤ ┐ tānaisi ┐ īarlind, BColm. 74.25 .

(e) V. freq. in gs. as attrib. original, fundamental; native, hereditary; inherent, own, proper; basic, established; certain, veritable, real, etc.: amal ind claínn bunid `like the original clan', Wb. 5b33 . mo chorp . . . / nach léic úad a olc bunaid that does not cast off its inherent evil, ACL iii 216.23 . dunarus bunaid permanent abode, LU 3211. fích bunaid eter maccu Morna ┐ Find feud , 3183 . in farainm . . . in ainm bunaid family name , Cóir Anm. 13. galar buna[id] inherent defect, Laws i 280.21 Comm. isat brāthir bunaid dom saerad, MacCongl. 57.8 . fis bunaid marbhtha a ceitri mac certain knowledge, BB 363a20 . sgarum fris gach mbāes mbunaidh, ZCP vi 264 § 13 . an briathar bunaidh atberat an fhiledh . . . gurab buaine bladh nā saogul `das Sprichwort', xiv 251.1 . breith bunaid true interpretation (of a dream), BB 238a22 . Cf. breath bhunaidh (sic leg.) .i. as bunáiteach a bhreath, O'Cl. ar scél bunaid innossa . . . tanic scel É. etraind ┐ se, LB 147a31 `our original story' (i.e. after a digression), Introd. 9. tic fer bunaid in baile the owner (?), Rawl. 87a39 . ? boí dano noí mís fo chleith ingeni détlaind bunaid (rhet.), LL 13932. adhbhar oilithrigh bhunaidh / réim tighe chuirr Chonchobhair real grounds for a pilgrimage (?), DDána 116.18 . ár lá brátha bunaid `our veritable Doomsday', Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.36 . bés bunaidh an established habit, Hugh Roe 226.14 . amal mac mbunaid do fen as a son of his own, TTebe 98 . a berla bunaid his native tongue, Lism. L. 2538. a bídbaid bunaidh hereditary enemies, ZCP xiii 196.15 . Used more vaguely (note alliteration): ar thegmáil mbunuidh Í Bloid, Ériu iv 216.19 . dia slog bunaid bithgrada, BB 360b24 . ocht ccéd do bhliadhnaibh (sic leg.) bunaidh, KMMisc. 56 § 6. P. . . . / deochain bunaid baga, Gorm. Jan. 23. fágbhaim fōs beannacht bhunaidh `heartfelt blessing´ Celtica iv 118 § 23 .

(f) In phrases. a b.¤ in reality, actually: sacart Insi Bó Finni me a bunud as a matter of fact I am . . ., LL 35694. ní do chathughudh a bunadh . . . acht . . . do theichem, TFrag. 208.3 `in reality', Plummer MS. notes. a buna `originally' (in fact ?), Laws i 120.9 Comm. co b.¤ : uair is co b.¤ bríg bermait / cech ní is dír dlegmait do rad since we give authority for all we say (?), LL 17003 ( RC xlvii 304 ). bar nglóir do bhreith go bunadh `test your words by a fundamental principle', Content. xviii 85. go roich do mhac Bh. go bunadh `till things become serious for him (?),' Magauran 2998 . do b.¤ always, perpetually, for ever: 'san bhailei-se do bhunadh / bhíos mo chara C., DDána 66.7 . gá doilghe béad do bhunadh what grief is ever more bitter ? Arch. Hib. i 84 § xi . ní mhaireann grádh do bhunadh, Dánta Gr. 84.2 . rob īat sin . . . muinter Cairill do b.¤ , ZCP vii 308.4 . 'cum an dunaidh a ngnáthuigigh do bhunadh, RC xxix 116 § 12.

Compds. dochum bar ṁbunad-chineoil (original) family, Acall. 6256. do bunadcineoil (g s.), TTebe 4786 . ar mb.¤ chenel, PH 2680 (written as compd., LB Facs.). arcenn ar mbráthar bunadchineoil, Lism. L. 3171. See section (c) supra. a bunudh fiach `the original debt', Laws ii 4.15 Comm. gó a mbraithribh ┐ go a mbunaidh-fhremhaibh to their original stock, Leb. Gab.(i) i 80.9 . dia bhunadh freimh, AFM vi 1906.3 . origenistum .i. bunadgein, Sg. 181a4 (see note). bunadh-indruim na T. `to describe the origin of the Thebans', TTebe 9 .

1 cairche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cairche or dil.ie/7879
Last Revised: 2019

 

n m. Perh. same word as 2 c.

(a) Appar. some kind of stringed musical instrument: mo tīag lethoir, mo cairchi `musical instrument', K. and H. 12.4 . With follg. gen. ciúil: a ḟeadán ┐ a thimpan ┐ a chairchi ciuil, Acall. 1755 . cid cúach, cid c.¤ ciúil chóir (in list of objects made by a wright), Metr. Dinds. iii 260.22 . in ceol sin ro chanad in c.¤ cíuil, Acall. 6594 . tri fir in chairchi . . . ┐ tri cairchi chiuil accu, 6591 - 2 . Perh. bell in: minn oir . . . co ndib benncobraib . . . co ndeilb uvuill . . . cona cairc[h]i ciuil . . . for inn cacha benncobair . . . binnḟoghroghudh na n-ubullcairc[h]i-sin, CCath. 4704 - 11 .

(b) Of music strain: coirchi ciuil atcluinim-si, Anecd. ii 23 § 4 `melodious music', Murphy Lyrics 44.4 . crét dorigne in c.¤ cíuil atchualamar ?, Acall. 7203 . cairci ceoilbind ciuil aga seinm `melodious strain', Stair Erc. 664 . a bhfeidhm féin ag coirche cheoil `strains of music', O'Hara 2610 . gan gháir fhleadh, gan choirche ciúil, L. Cl. A. B. 258.5 . ceol coirche, Éigse vii 85 § 3 . In descriptions of effect of music: rocachainté ceóil, corba chairchi ciúil uile in teg-sain rang with music, RC xiii 48.7 . co mbí an t-istad uile 'na cairchi ciuil, Marco P. 79 . seafnuis an saoi . . . gur vo coirche ciúil chodaltach an cathmhīlidh, Cath MT 122 `was sleepy from strains of music', note.

In mock n.pr.: Cóirche Ceoilbhinn . . . ollamh timpanachta na tromdhaimhe, Oss. v 98.18 .

(c) Of other sounds : cairchiu ┐ grindegur na saicidbolc 'the clatter and rattling of the quivers', CMT² 58 § 131 . cairchi ┐ grinnigur na saigedbolc ┐ na srian, Ériu v 238.96 . grith cairchi (? leg. grithcairchi) na cathbarr ica crothach, LL 32231 ( TTr. 1421 ).

2 ceó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ceó or dil.ie/8697

 

n (prob. special application of 1 c.) milk : ceo .i. bainne, O'Cl. ZCP v 489 § 14 (B. na f.). lestar lommnán lán do cheō, MacCongl. 69.4 . cīa clērech dorigne céo lomma do englais midg? ` cream ', BColm. 104.1 . `milk', 60.23 .

1 cerd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cerd or dil.ie/8753

 

Forms: ceard, cearda, cerd, ceirde, ceird, ceirde, cearda, cearda, cearda, cherda, cerda, cerda(e), cearda, cerdda, cerdai, cerda, cherdu, d'órcheardai, cerdada, cert

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 159 f. In sense (a) ceard (ón duine), m. g s. cearda, IGT Decl. § 95 . In sense (b) cerd (ón cheird) f. g s. ceirde, § 39 ; ceird f. g s. ceirde, cearda, § 43 . Cf. also g s. na cearda , Laws v 104.19 Comm. in cearda , 106.1 Comm. . iii 192.8 Comm. in cherda , IT iii 60 § 120 (na cerda , v.l.). Also cerda(e): n s. cearda, Corp. Gen. 219.37 (cerd, v.l.). cerdda, Cymmr. xiv 130.9 . in cerdai , ZCP iii 222.10 (cerd, v.l.). d s. cerda, Laws v 114.18 . do cherdu , LL 25486 (: dú). ? d'órcheardai, Leb. Cert.² 2187 . Cf. n pl. cerdada, Bodl. Dinds. 3 .

(a) craftsman, artisan (most freq. of a gold- and silver-smith): cert qui idula aere faciebat gl. Alaxander (aerrarius), Wb. 30d21 . inna cerdae `of the potter', Ml. 18a12 . roth cruind forsa ndenat na cerda in lestrai, b4 . in sét arggait nád chombaig / in ch.¤ , Thes. ii 346.4 ( Hy. v 77 ). lasin cerddai (ceirdai, v.l.) gl. lasin ceird, 33 (79 Comm.). aided con na cerda inso la Coin Culaind, LU 4971 . Cauland cerdd, 4975 (TBC). ó Choin cherda Conchobair (i.e. Cú Chulaind), 3573 ( SCC 29 ). do Choin na Cerdda, LL 20187 . cerdda ┐ círmaire, LU 2217 . cuislennach, c.¤, gobha, Ériu xiii 23.2 . cerda . . . ┐ aes caca dana olcena, Laws v 90.20 ( cerda .i. imrid in t-or, 25 Comm. ). is diles in tor ┐ in tairget ┐ in tuma a cerdcha in goband ┐ noco diles i cerdcha in cerda, uair aithne indeithbir hé i cerdcha in gobann, ┐ nocon edh a cerdcha in cerda, iii 192.6 , 8 Comm. c.¤ gl. figulus, Ir. Gl. 508 . D. . . . gaba . . . ┐ ceard ┐ scribnid togaide . . . is he . . . daroine .ccc. clog ┐ .ccc. bacall ┐ .ccc. soscelai, Fél. cxxxi.x. mac na cerdda cosin céir, LL 18785 . I. ainm na cerda ro berb in n-ór, 2024 . cathbarr B. . . . c.¤ Ó. . . . dorigne , Airne F. 97 . dugnith dno C. c.¤ na semonn, RC xii 94 § 122 . do-ratsat in argat-sin for tír cherda potter's field, PH 3241 . mac cerdai nó fir fogní nách aicdi éicin di ór nó argad, FDG² 867 . leag a hoirthior na hInnia, / . . . / niamhthar le ceard gcineolta that is polished by a native craftsman, Aithd. D. 16.47 . céard copair, 2 Timothy iv 14 . ceard na críadh, Romans ix 21 . do chérd an óir, Mac Aingil 1139 . Fig. P. is ceard don chlúi-sin `P. who is the artificer of that fame', O'R. Poems 298 . lé cérduibh an chlaoinchreidimh (sc. the founders of Protestantism), Mac Aingil 4170 .

C.¤ na cruinne (na ndúl, etc.) God : c.¤ na cruinne, BNnÉ 196 § 22 . mo chobhair ar Cheird na ndúl!, Dánta Gr. 65.19 . ceard na n-uile, DDána 27a.16 .

Applied to poets: in c.¤ mac ūi Dulsaine, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 93.25; cf. 92.y). ni c.¤ gan bunadus tothachta, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). Cf. c.¤ cen tothacht .i. cin foghluim ndligi[d], O'Dav. 1568 .

In n. pr. m. Robartach mac Mic na Cerda, CS 164.20 . C.¤ m. Cerdda Bice, Corp. Gen. 219.27 .

(b) handicraft, art, skill, accomplishment, feat; hence occupation, office, way of life, practice, characteristic behaviour : mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293.15 . cōrus a cherdæ (of a poet), Corm. Y 276 . tarchomlad cach óes dána . . . cor tasfen cách a ch.¤ fíad Patraic, LU 9773 . ar lín a ch.¤ he is so accomplished, 8316 (rhet.). asa cheird cumachtaig (.i. a cumachta a chleirchecta dognidsom sein, 740 ( ACC 42 ). indearbh cach i cceird aroile, Ériu xiii 20.16 . imdhínsiomh ceirte insult to one's art(?), 25.6 . fornesa ceard neicse donessa cerd niumuis, 56 § 32 (cf. O'Dav. 861 ). fristoing cerd cainti `he renounces the satirist's art', O'Dav. 872 . 869 . oca oileamhain hi cerdaibh clothamræ .i. āine, alaidhe ┐ erlabhra, etc., ZCP xiv 219.11 . fó mo ch.¤ láechdachta, LU 6169 (TBC). ac óenmummib daronsat ceird gnimrada gaile ┐ gascid, LL 10052 . aided Gríse co ceird chrúi `skilled in bloody arts', Metr. Dinds. iii 134.19 . ceird chrúi .i. ceird imdheargtha no ceird bhásaighthe, O'Cl. iarn[a] trascrad trienar c.¤-ne `by our craft', RC xii 90 § 109 . cach dan dognīat lāmhae is c.¤ dongairther, O'Mulc. 222 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird `their skill' (in music and dancing), Ériu iv 174 § 9 . mairg thréicios cléirchecht ar cheird / do cherdaib in domnáin deirg, SG 51.y . lucht na ceirde cedna (sc. building), Stair Erc. 1626 . gion gur cheárrd mná an nídh sin, Oss. iii 136.19 . seachnaidh cionta ón cheird do-ní `avoids faults by her manner of life', Magauran 1516 . nach roibhi . . . aenc.¤ rob annsa les nā fiadhach, ZCP vi 53.x . cusin ceird n-inglain n-eillnighthi ro herailedh forro .i. comrucc a lanamhnus fri aroile, Grail 3059 . an ceard do-roighne Ruaidhrí what R. has done, DDána 76.4 . ní ceard duit déanamh míoghaoil `it is not for Thee to be false to Thy kin-duty', Aithd. D. 71.31 . ceird ríoghna `a queen's part', A. Ó Dálaigh vii 6 . tús cerdi do Ch. i.e. C. was entitled to receive a poet's first composition after he had finished his schooling, LB 238cb56 . Concr.: cathaīr ingnathaig forsa raibi imarcaid sairsi ┐ c.¤ n-eladnach embellishment, Grail 1663 . Freq. of magical practices: no gniad druidechta ┐ certa commain, LU 9007 ( FB 75 , H). See commann for cerddib suíthe gentliucta, LL 1051 . ceird thosaigh .i. ceird dhraoidheachda, O'Cl. See toṡúgad.

Attrib. g s. fear cerda, ma fithír, ní ba raith feilmic mana biatha `a man of art, if a professor, cannot be surety for a pupil, unless he has fed him', Laws iv 236.15 . fer certa fri molad ┐ air, i 18.7 Comm. óes cherdd, Críth G. 281 . cléir aesa ceirdd, Trip.² 2382 (= praecones, 2385 ; dona druthaib, 2395 ) = cliar aesa dana, Lat. Lives 55.12 . don luchd céirde, Acts xix 24 . lucht ceirde na cathrach tradesmen, Fl. Earls 98.y .

? rop tānaisi triūin crepscuil / c.¤ promtha Petair apstail, Corm. Y 325 .

cloch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloch or dil.ie/9550
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cloch, clach, claiche

n ā, f. cloch f., IGT Decl. § 39 . clach f., § 40 (forms claich, claiche proscribed).

(a) stone, rock; stone (as building etc. material): beim a cinn fri cloich, Ml. 139c3 . dambidc Semei di chlochaib `pelted him with stones', 58c4 . din chloich dorigne saland, Thes. ii 338.1 (Hy. v). borg Emma ro tetha, / acht mairte a clocha, Fél. Prol. 194 . c.¤, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, c.¤ a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta, Corm. Y 213 . lapis lasin Laitneoir, c.¤ lasin nGaedel; petra lasin Laitneoir, ail lasin nGaedel: sropula lasin Laitneoir, carrach lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1086 . c.¤ (no ael) ┐ onn ┐ ailcne . . . is iat sin cenela c.¤ , 1088 - 89 . ro-dluigit na clocha (= petrae scise sunt), PH 3367 . doberat cloich cach fir leó do chur chairnd, LU 7029 ( BDD 67 ). dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.3 ( LMU 19 ). c.¤ for fott, no fott for carruig, Laws v 270.26 Comm. (as a fence). c.¤ tarsiu fa tri fiad fiathnaisib, ii 118.10 Comm. (in distraining dry cattle). di chlochaib ┐ carrgib ┐ ailénaib in mara, TBC-LL¹ 1330 . bale i mbia fa chloich, LL 18899 (`where you will be buried', KMMisc. 264 § 22 ). a ch.¤ thall for elaid úair, 19325 . línaiter na builg sin do minchlochaib, RC xiii 68 § 72 . ag tuarcain na Cloichi Barraighi ┐ na c.¤ tuinidhi eile do bī isin trācht rocks, ML² 430 . c.¤ i ninad ugi (prov. of a bad exchange), Cog. 100.24 ; cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 11.16 . ticdis croind ┐ clocha ua cheol a chruiti . . . co teigdis aran múr (of Thebes), TTebe 851 . co scenaib ┐ clochaib . . . do-rónad ind imdibe, PH 5746 . fuarumar cloich . . . ┐ na hanmund-sa i scríbend indte gravestone, 1581 . samail gach cloiche (of hail-stones), RC xviii 150.y (see c.¤-ṡnechta s. compds.). a c[h]rannghal sa c[h]. aolta `its timber and its lime-washed stone', Ériu v 60.121 . dá cloich tsalainn lumps of salt, Lism. L. 2408 . sirbualadh na tonn fo na clocaib, Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.5 . c.¤ chinn na huilleann corner-stone, Acts iv 11 . ro benadh a chend de for Cloich an Chommaigh i ndorus teampaill Focháirde, AFM i 330.5 (an. 732). Fig. of a chief: ní tráth aithreachais d'ḟuil Conaill / a gc.¤ chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 .

Attrib. g s of stone , less frequ. g pl. composed of stones : for corth[e] cloche, Thes. ii 343.43 (Hy. v Comm.). ata comrar chloche imbi and hi talam, LU 10991 . ail chloche mór, IT i 82.2 ( LMU 19 ). risin carraic clochi, MU² 669 . coro mara choidche / amal choirthe c.¤ , LL 18911 . nertlia cloche, TBC-LL¹ 1570 . colomna c.¤ do thócbáil . . . eturru ┐ in snechta, MU² 309 . ar n-osgladh don iomdhaidh c.¤ (of a tomb), Dán Dé iii 27 . cinnlitir chloiche áille / dúna[dh] flatha Fionngháille `the fortress . . . is a capital letter of beauteous stone', Ériu v 60.109 . rath an Spirata Naim do-rat . . . uisce asin carraic cloiche, Grail 3649 . an cladh clach `stone fence', Studies 1924, 244 § 20 . do chuir . . . a chenn ar adhart cloichi bigi `on a small stone as pillow', Stair Erc. 1910 . .u. ced dég ceim cruaidhdaingen cloichi `stone steps', 633 . cláir chloiche . . . ┐ dligheadh stone tablets, Exodus xxiv 12 . pertaining to stone: duileasg crann nó c.¤ lichen, Párl. na mB. 587 . saoir chruinn ┐ ch.¤ carpenters and stone-masons, 263 .

(b) Of stones used as missiles, sling-stones, etc.: gaibthi cloich isin tailm, LU 3277 ( SCC 7 ). c.¤ throthail . . . i llaímh gach ḟir, IT iii 97.6 . foceird C. cloich assa thabaill, TBC-LL¹ 1558 . do-teilctís lucht in leithi-si na clocha for lucht in leith[i] aili, Sc.M² 17R . gebid lamchloich do lár thalman darbo lán a glacc, LL 8576 (TBC). bolc lán (sic leg.?) di chlochuip d'orcoin, ZCP viii 120.13 . na clocha cruindi comdibhraicthi, TTebe 1984 . Cf. in ti no cinnfedh ar aei cloichi `the winner of the stone-throwing', Stair Erc. 202 .

With defining gen. c.¤ áeil limestone , see s.v. 1 áel. lia .i. corthe . . . .i. in c.¤ criche `boundary stone', Laws iv 8.7 Comm. clocha fothraicthe stones heated in the fire and used for heating bath-water: clocha fotraicthi, Trip.² 873 . ro marb Fergus Durn don cloich fothraicthe, Laws i 68.17 Comm. Cf. fotracud forsin clárudh cen tincur o dhune acht na clocha ind ┐ ass, IT iii 195 § 36 . lothomur . . . cona clochaib, MacCongl. 11.23 . Cf. also: clocha derga red-hot stones, Laud 610, f. 8c (Plummer MS. notes). clocha hi tenid samna (prov. phrase?), LU 7045 (here perh. used for cooking. See O'Kelly, JRSAI 1954, 105 ff. ). na liacc lamh ┐ na c.¤ nglaice hand-stones, CCath. 5859 . iccon cloich impóid itir croiss ō Adrad Moturu súass `turning-stone', BColm. 84.32 . c.¤ marmail, Stair Erc. 1963 . cloch na cloich mheóir 'pebble', Irish Texts i 31 § 50 . clach (sic leg.) ina loighe a ḟlaith Cheóil / ar in claich meóir oile üaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1123 (incorrect because of form claich). c.¤ muilinn mill-stone : doronta cetheora clocha muilinn di, AU an. 999 . fúaim chloichthe muilinn, Rev. xviii 22 . Cf. c.¤ uachtair upper stone (of a mill), Laws i 140.17 Comm. m'aghaidh amhuil cloich thineadh `flint', Isaiah 1 7 .

(c) Med. c.¤ isna hairnib `a stone in the kidneys', Rosa Angl. 188.7 . clocha na narand, 330.10 . in uair bhenmuid na clocha fuail as an lamhonnán le gerradh, ZCP xviii 274.9 . a riocht na cloiche fuail pro calculo vesicali, O'Gr. Cat. 113.24 . c.¤ no ydoripis, Reg. San. 23.y .

(d) precious stone, gem (somet. c.¤ búada, c.¤ úasal): caoga gemm carrmogail do c[h]lochaib tíre na hInnia, ML² 1481 . c.¤ crisdail gl. cristallus, Ir. Gl. 552 . do cloich búadha re n-abur sardínés, Maund. 249 . feilm áosda chlach ccarrmhogail, O'R. Poems 199 . clocha cuaigh `[stones] suitable for (adorning) goblets', O'Hara 2380 . c.¤ medóin do dhornchla dhét, IGT Decl. ex. 80 . a chorōin . . . ier n-a himchengal do dēmont ┐ do c[h]lochaibh uaissle, Fl. Earls 172.28 . a gcomhraid airgit go n-imat gc.¤ lonnradhach, 80.7 . is c.¤ uasal tiodhlacadh a radharc an tí agá mbí sé, Proverbs xvii 8 .

(e) Hence perh. of the beads of the rosary: is mise Oisín . . . / . . . ag cóireamh c.¤ `arranging stones', Oss. iii 276.10 . Paidir air na clochaibh móra ┐ Fáilte an Aingil air na clochaibh beaga, Donlevy 448. 3 , 4 .

(f) a construction of stone, esp. fortress, stronghold, castle: giodh áille an chlach don taoibh thall `though the fort is lovelier within', Ériu v 60.115 . daingean c.¤ an dúnaidh dhe / loch ar cúlaibh na cloiche `the fortress is strengthened by the lake which lies behind it', 111 - 12 . da ralaig . . . comard ré cloich na cathrach `the stone-walls of the city', TTebe 4224 . c.¤ Corcaigi do loscudh, Ann. Inisf. 1230.1 . c.¤ angcaire an anchorite's cell, AU iii 288.24 . tú do rad dár gcionn an cholann / i gcloich nduaibhsigh `into a gloomy dungeon' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 61.70 . a muir ┐ a mórclocha, Stair Erc. 909 . na franclochaidh ga folach / a n-ardchlochaibh allmorach, IGT Decl. ex. 714 . daingni ná clach áelta íat, ex. 183 . le Cloich Insi na tTorc ar Loch F., AFM iii 360.6 . C.¤ Locha hUachtair do loscadh, 536.4 . ? dar let is c.¤ ar na cengal / an tech os loch lachnach, IGT Decl. ex. 268 . Cf. Luimnech na c.¤ cengail, Caithr. CC 10 .

Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With noun. clúas re clochadhart `a stone pillow', BS 92.y . a tōebaib clochadba, ACL iii 217 § 3 . clochalla glassa . . . ┐ cairrci rocky cliffs, CCath. 3413 . clochall cairrgidhe, Hugh Roe² 46.15 . lé fúaim chloichbhéimnigh bhonn a each láidir ` stamping ', Jeremiah xlvii 3 . clochcaop lump of stone , Anecd. ii 53.y . do mhaothughadh do chlochroidhe hard heart , Mac Aingil 1134 . ferr beith a ccloch-dinibh ceall stone shelters , ZCP x 30.23 . im ócbail droichitt .i. cid cloch droichit, Laws i 134.25 Comm. in clochdrochat (sic leg.) ō tigh cech clērig dīb dia chēile, MacCongl. 123.22 . a róimh chlaichfhinntreabh Chonnacht of white-stone houses, DDána 68.28 . lottar . . . tré cloch-ród Coradh Finne stone-paved road(?), AFM v 1668.5 . cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi art of building in stone, Laws v 92.z Comm. cith cloichṡnechta do ferthain hailstones, RC xviii 150.x (Tig.). gaoth tre chlaichshneachta chiothmhar, DDána 113.15 (cf. na clocha sneachta, 2). maith ro cumad in cleathbhaile / sa clochtaighe, IGT Met. Faults § 58 . ? adinnim deargain / a druith chail ar chlochtaigh, IT iii 90 § 119 . ic córgud chastíal fo churadaib di chlochthress, LL 32238 ( TTr. 1427 ). tuitim isin clochtres tíar, ZCP xiii 12.35 .

With adj. do athairg . . . / mhachaire clachaird Conuill, IGT Decl. ex. 9 . legga corra clochbana of white stone, Fen. 188.21 . flaith corn gclochbhán white-jewelled, Top. Poems² 613 . is o cairgib clochdaeraibh Slebi Chugais rod-coimbris . . . `rock-bound', Aen. 829 . cathair clochdaingen, Grail 3286 . scīath clochdond go ccomhraibh óir, ZCP viii 223 § 18 . ar lámhachadh lann gclochdhonn `bright-jewelled(?)', O'Hara 4035 . do mhionn clachórdha cloichfhionn, DDána 97.38 . crios . . . clachghorm, Rel. Celt. ii 262.5 . 'sin charn chlochthrom, LL 29862 .

With adj. derived from noun. droichett clochaelta do dhenamh la Cathal of stone and mortar(?), AFM iii 618.5 . cuirt clochaolta, Hugh Roe² 216.13 . na coirigh chlochaigeantacha bhíos . . . ag leanmhain dá lochtaibh féin stubborn, TSh. 10492 . a chathbarra caem clochbuadhach set with precious stones, Stair Erc. 735 . an rí co coroin . . . clochbuadhaigh fura cenn, ZCP vi 52.7 . gremaigiss . . . an c[h]loch . . . dia coicēilip comadhus[a] cloch-chomharsnach[a] oile `adjoining', Fl. Earls 148.4 . ¤órda: cinnbhirt clochórdha, Oss. vi 128.11 . With Part. an cheinnbheart chlochfhoirfe (1 foirbthe) crowned with jewels, O'Hara 1502 .

1 co

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 co or dil.ie/9786
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cos(s)in, cos(s)a, cosna, cosin, cossin, cossa, cosa, gusin, gusan, cosno, gusna, cuccum, cucum, cugum, chugom, chucumm, chugam, cucut, cuccut, chucud, chuccad, chugad, chút, cuci, cucai, cucci, cuccai, cuici, cuigi, chuci, chucai, chuice, chuici, chuga, cuicce, cucae, chucae, cucai, cuci, cuici, chuice, chuigthe, cucunn, cuccainn, cugainn, cugainde, chucunni, chucund, chucaind, chugainne, cucuib, cuccaib, cuccuib, cucaib, cugaib, cuccu, cucu, chuca, cugtha, chucu, chuca, com, cot, gut, coa, gó, go, cosa, cos-, cus, cosa, cusa, cos, cus, gus, gusa, cosar, gar, góar, at(t)óibi, do-ecmalla, do-inóla, fo-ceird, gaibid, léicid

prep. with accus. See GOI § 829 . Études Celt. vii 478 . In early lang. with occasional doubling of following l, m, n: cu-llae, GOI § 829 . co mmaith, Wb. 7b15 . co nnaue, Sg. 5b6 . In later lang. prefixes h to vowels. Written cu in Ardm. etc., GOI § 829 . In later lang. go. Occasionally with length mark: có, Ml. 52 . Sporadically with d p.: co ulnib, BDD² 747 . go bruachaibh (: chruachain), TD 13.84 . See IGT Introd. § 75 .

With article: cos(s)in, cos(s)a, cosna etc. cosin, Wb. 2a21 . cossin, ib. cossa (n.), 23a17 . cosa, Ériu v 236.60 . gusin, Auraic. 195 . gusan, Stair Erc. 2360 . pl. cosno, Dinds. 69 . gusna, Hugh Roe² 100.4 .

With suff. pron. (see GOI § 829 D for phonology of forms, § 233 for lenited forms, which are generalized in later language). 1 s. cuccum, Wb. 7c7 . cucum, Ml. 108b1 . cugum, Ériu v 148.40 . chugom, Blathm. 148 . chucumm, PH 8285 . chugam, IGT Decl. ex. 1166 . 2 s. cucut, Wb. 32a17 . .25 . Ml. 44c20 . cuccut, 92a19 . chucud, Mon. Tall. 144.21 . chuccad, BDD² 1446 . chugad, DDána 2.3 . chút (: út), SG 389.14 (see ZCP xxv 249 ff. ). 3 s. m. and n. cuci, Wb. 9d14 . cucai, Ml. 38c1 . cucci, cuccai, cited GOI § 433 . cuici, Blathm. 27 . cuigi, BColm. 98.26 . chuci, Fing. R. 27 . chucai, Ml. 46c1 . chuice, Mon. Tall. 154.4 . chuici, BDD² 278 . chuga, Dán Dé xxv 46 . 3 s. f. cuicce, Wb. 9d5 . cucae, Sg. 14b4 (apparently referring to Lat. littera), chucae, 191a2 . cucai, Vita Br. 25 . cuci, 26 . cuici, RC xxiv 190.13 . chuice, BDD² 93 . chuigthe, Donlevy 390.1 . 1 pl. cucunn, Wb. 21a3 . cuccainn, ZCP viii 219.34 . cugainn, vi 47.28 . cugainde, Ériu iii 158 § 11 , chucunni, TBFr. 347 . chucund, RC iii 183.24 . chucaind. PH 691 . chugainne, RC xxix 124 § 27 . 2 pl. cucuib, Wb. 1a8 . cuccaib, Vita Br. 16 . cuccuib cited GOI § 433 . cucaib, Vita Br. 37 . cugaib, Mer. Uil.² 119 . 3 pl. cuccu, Wb. 27c24 . cucu, Ml. 55c1 . chuca, Blathm. 221 . cugtha, DDána 77.1 . chucu, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.19 . chuca, Keat. iii 3231 .

With possessives: 1 s. com ó, Ériu xx 192 § 3 . 2 s. cot écc, ZCP viii 219.23 . gut éc, LL 10918 . 3 s. coa ríg, Fél. Jan. 6 . Fing. R. 93 . gó a charaid, TSh. 8226 . pl. go a n-ēgoibh, Fl. Earls 140.32 .

With rel. cosa n-, cos- (cossa- cited GOI § 829 ): cus, ACC 93 . cosa, TBC-I¹ 328 . cusa, 330 . cos, Ériu iv 150.29 . cus a, Laws iv 294.z Comm. gus, BColm. 80.27 . gusa, Mac Aingil 355 . With ro: cosar, TTebe 894 . gar, Studies, 1921, 76.21 . góar, Hugh Roe² 74.19 .

1 to, till, as far as , etc. (of space and time): cosin n-óin .i. co crist gl. usque ad unum, Wb. 2a21 . cossa laasa gl. usque nunc, 23a17 . có osnada gl. ad susperia, Ml. 31c10 . cu genti gl. ad gentes, 67a10 . cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 co fescor, LU 5135 (see caidchi). ní chotlad i nEmain M. co matain, LU 4903 (i.e. never slept, Hermathena xcix 51 ). co harchaṅgliu Héil, Lib. Hymn. 184.8 . a n-éc cusan āenduini to the last man, ACL iii 239 § 25 . nirbo gnath . . . airisiumh Uí Neill hisuidhe gusan tToirrdelbach hishin `except this T.', Hugh Roe² 44.3 . do-géna cech maith co cumaing as far as he can, PH 8088 . todachaiche chugut int shillab dedenach `the last syllable is future to you', Auraic. 91 . aurlam co bas, PH 390 . Ériu fo Chunn, Conn co Fál, Airne F. 243 . dorigne an láid-so cuigi `for him', BColm. 98.26 . le cungnamh ionmhuis go cogadh `with money to help them in the war', Rel. Celt. ii 166.9 .

2 With Vn. cia airet co tíchtin n-ancrist, Wb. 25d1 . go beith réidh dúinn 's do Dhomhnall, TD 15.170 . co rochtain dóibh tar na múraibh `until they passed', Hugh Roe 290.y . Hence: mad co techt di co fer gl. uiro suo reconciliari, Wb. 9d32 . is deidbhir móidem di suidib mad co moidim etir ref. to si gloriari oportet, 17d19 (see note).

3 Idiomatic uses of 3 s. n.: is cuci far mburpe gl. sic stulti estis, Wb. 19b8 . is cucci a lére ro pridchissid `so great is the industry with which you have preached', 24c17 . ná faighdīs bás chuige acht go mairfidīs choidhche (ar aonchor, v.l.), Trompa na bhF. 5994 . See Gloss., and cf. gan guin duine chuige na uaidh at all(?), Hugh Roe² 252.22 . is é is fáth dham chuige sin `the reason I have for that', Keat. i 82.26 . is é is adhbhar dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . creud chuige why? Donlevy 102.16 .

4 With verbs of motion: co domun dringthiar `he climbed to the height (of heaven)', ACC 68 (see Celtica vi 228 ). amal tiagtae mná hua célib co firu aili `as wives go from their husbands to other men', Ml. 125a2 . dauc cucai inna sairse `he took it to him(self) unto his work', 38c1 . co Críst, cechaing sathe `unto Christ went a swarm', Fél. Jan. 25 . lingthi Mac Da Cherda co sudib `M. leaps into the midst of them', Ériu v 28.7 .

5 With subst. verb: aidchi roboi cucu that night, Ml. 55c1 . do filter chucaind diar marbad, Anecd. i 4.10 ( SCano 92 ). do-filter chucut ón ríg, BDD² 94 . deighenach a bethadh do bheith cuicce was imminent, BNnÉ 265 § 228 .

6 With verbs of reaching, placing, lasting, remaining, etc.: focerdar cin co fergac `is attached to', Bretha 25 . saidid co colainderce cert `extends to', 23 . ad-comaicc húa smech co a imlind, BDD² 1000 . mēraid co dē a īartaige his succession will remain till the day of Judgement, Thes. ii 314.20 . anais co foilc ┐ co fothraic he waited to wash . . ., TBC-I¹ 289 . ro-athascná m'ernaigthe . . . chucat, a Dé, PH 7108 .

7 With verbs of asking: cen chuingid neich co nech, Wb. 26b25 . amal dunthlaichiur-sa cucut `as I ask of Thee', Ml. 44c20 . dóig lim . . . ni cunte nech cuccaib filiam cecam, Vita Br. 16 . Cf. dognitis dibrócoit móir chucai, PH 4056 .

8 With verbs of summoning: dorograd co hangliu / C. `to the angels has been summoned C.', Fél. March 10 . ro-gairmestar tra Pilip chucai, PH 2534 .

See also at(t)óibi, do-ecmalla, do-inóla, fo-ceird, gaibid, léicid etc.

9 Expressing motion without vb. ac-sin chucut do ríg = ecce rex tuus venit tibi, PH 4376 . mac in goband cosin ṅgual (ris an, v.l.), Ériu ix 49 § 28 . a cholann chugat an bás, DDána 1.1 . `chugaibh! chugaibh! gruth is im / éistear linn!' adeir an chuach `here comes' (lit. to you), Measgra D. 7.73 . chugad me aris I have you again, Luc. Fid. 5241 .

10 Hence with verbs of seeing etc. atchīatt na conu cucu 'na rith, BColm. 54.3 . níro airigset na mná chucu, LU 3884 ( SCC 39 ). lá dá bhfacaidh inghin oíg / chuige, DDána 58.11 . o nach facadar . . . comfhurtacht cuca, Stair Erc. 1441 .

11 In comparisons: cruth cách co hÉ. Caem cách co hÉ. all fall short of E. in beauty, BDD² 43 . ait[h]ech cách co hEogan hūais except E., ZCP viii 299.35 . ní crō co cōiccir fo cosmailuis clīaro, Ériu i 215.31 . beag gach peannaid go bás Dé compared with, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 1 .

12 ó . . . co . . . to denote the ultimate point of measurement: is hó siun co nuie dam far sercc ref. to continuus, Wb. 4b29 . o chund co fond, RC iii 177.7 . a bhfoil uainn go hÁdhamh all that there are (i.e. have lived) from us to Adam, Dán Dé viii 4 . ó Éirne go hÁth gConuill, TD 13.74 . Hence: o ta a uachtar co a híchtar, PH 3365 .

13 With demonstratives. See 1 sin (S 232.83), 1 so (307.30). có sin, Trip.² 97 .

Similarly with petrified forms: cosinnocht until tonight, BDD² 1174 . tricha laithi cusanē 30 days to yesterday, ZCP x 341.21 . gus a-nois, Aithd. D. 89.29 . See also indiu and trásta (b).

14 In phrase co cenn, see 1 cenn (123.43).

15 With cardinal numerals. See fo (F 172.51).

16 In formation of adverbs. See GOI § 381 . co mmór gl. insolenter, Ml. 38c12 . co mmaith, TBFr. 284 . Freq. in later lang.: go spioradálta, TSh. 1582 .

17 Hence in adjectival predicates with subst. vb. replacing constr. with is and bare adj.: bheith go saoghlach séanomhail, TD 19.74 . do bai co hudmall andshadail aínindech `restlessly, uncertainly, angrily', TTebe 929 .

18 3 sg. neut. as adv. since, hence : nī conairnecht and chucai 'it had not been found there till then' Thes. ii 348.86 . bid fotai chucca, PH 5247 . ni ba chian cucai, Anecd. ii 14.13 .

1 coim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 coim or dil.ie/10134
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: c., com

n (-mm) c.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 14 . Later also com o.

(a) body, breast, bosom, waist; also appar. (front or breast of) cloak, mantle, covering , and so freq. translated in editions; see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 378 (cf. also meaning protection and phr. fo(a) ch.¤ below): cuim chnáma uili in triar sin, BDD² 925 .i. cen alt indib, LU p. 223 n. ata agam com cnamha, Duan. F. i 86.7 `I am a mere mass of bones', Gloss. (cf. Hermathena xlviii 151 ). daine . . . co comaib imdroma each, KMMisc. 317.4 . tug a láim ina chuim ┐ tug da chuislinn ōrda as, Fianaig. 58.13 . cach æn fo mbī c.¤ colcaidh whose body rests on a mattress, ZCP vi 265 § 26 . idconnaic an naoidhe m-beg ag tuitim a c.¤ na cumhaile, ITS v 158.16 . in bhar c.¤ `breast', Magauran 320 . im ch.¤ féin = in sinu mea, TSh. 4935 . sronnán id chom ar n-a chor (of aging body), DDána 56.7 . caomhthach do chuim, O'R. Poems 2671 . cum fairsing, Desid. 3036 `belly', Gloss. fá chaol a chuim `about his waist', Keat. ii 5116 . rochaidh an com re sruth (: corr) `belly or sound-board' (of harp), Manners and Customs ii 256.z . a com mar chriathair beach, Measgra D. 7.122 `forepillar of harp', Gloss.

Extended uses; vessel, container : im chomm, im stuagach, im folderb, Laws i 124.4 .i. ima cuairt .i. im belcumang .i. in muide, 134.3 Comm. h-i cóm airgit gil ┐ i ciste don crund sin na crochi, LB 233b22 . com Loch Dirg `waist' (hollow ?), O'Rah. 114.11 .

(b) keeping, protection, shelter : com. . . . coimhéd, Metr. Gl. 29 § 47 . tabar com (.i. coimhéd) dún, Rawl. B 512, 35a (Meyer Contribb.). bheith gan ch.¤ idir chách, DDána 46.36 . ní reichim . . . / c.¤ fheithimh `any shelter', Aithd. D. 51.14 . c.¤ caoineasa, TSh. 8957 `a smooth covering', Gloss. biáidh mo dhóigh a ccuim do sciathán, Psalms lxi 4 . cuim `a covert', Eg. Gl. 174 . coimm ria ccioth (prov.) refuge, resource , AFM vi 2140.21 .

(c) V. freq. with prep. FO: fá ch.¤ na néull anywhere under the sky, KMMisc. 248.9 . a cend fo ch.¤ cáich ar uair / oc cungid neich nā fogébe peering at everybody(?), Fing. R. 215 . sa cheand ma ch.¤ with bowed head, Magauran 2864 . cenn a c.¤ a state of ignorance, RC xxiv 369.6 . Of wearing or carrying of weapons, etc. (in some exx. appar. with idea of concealment, see further below): meinister no bith fóa c.¤ fadesin his own m., Trip.² 940 . do chlaideb fót ch.¤ (as a safeguard), LU 6155 (TBC). maeldorn findargait i n-intiuch bodba fa choimm, TBC-LL¹ 5211 . calga . . . fo a cuimib, IT iii 239.141 . doboi E. amal gach mnai na trecumusc co craisigh forbthigh fo c.¤ a concealed . . . spear, LL 393b11 . a gcloidhmhe do bheith nocht fá n-a gcoimibh aca `at their waists', Keat. ii 2102 .

Under the protection of: in macc boi fo choimm, RC xxii 400.15 = foa ch.¤ , LU 7938 = choimb, BDD² 1469 . nongeibh fot comm, ACL iii 231.15 . tolluid cach ben fo choím a céli ammaig, LU 8276 ( FB 21 ). tabair do c[h]enn fom ch.¤ come under my protection, BColm. 68.25 .

In secret, surreptitiously: fa ch.¤ `private', P. O'C. s.v. com `waiste'. dunuc fot ch.¤ bring it without anybody knowing (lit. under thy cloak ?), Vita Br. 26 . dorigne O. foa choimm / liathróit, Metr. Dinds. iii 248.89 . luid in íngean . . . ┐ craeb draigín cona hairnib fo coím ┐ asbert cidh fil fom ch.¤ guess what I have, BB 362b41 . mo ghairm ni cheilim fa ch.¤ , Content. xxi 1 . Cf. teora muimmecha táide: caill, c.¤, adaig, Triads 130 .

With other prepp.: ara c.¤ `before him(?)', Ériu xix 83 § 9 . for comairce ┐ coimm . . . na ndóine mor, LB 156b32 . cu tucad a n-oenchum re P. hē he was brought to P., Irish Texts i 43.25 . a c.¤ Accla m'óenar under the shelter of, Anecd. i 27 § 22 . i gc.¤ chalaidh, RC xlix 173 § 30 . a gc.¤ nóna at eventide, 171 § 17 .

Compds. co tarat a choimchriss immi body-belt , LL 14044 . id chlí choimghil, Aithd. D. 85.12 . crios clár gcoimshliom, DDána 119.19 .

In n. loc. o Chum Dínil i crích Corco Duibne, LL 36138 .

coimsid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimsid or dil.ie/10289
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: choimsidh, coimsighe, coimsidhe

adj [i]

(a) = 2 coimsech: ara comsid, LL 24904 . ní coimsidh nech dechmad an neich dorigne-sim do aisnéis none can relate, BColm. 104.13 . corbat c.¤ coisc / cech toisc immatēig (cuimsioch, v.l.), KMMisc. 260.11 . fri cairib comsidi against overmastering faults, ZCP vi 271 § 2 . ? gid choimsigh an fer (: toirrsi; cuimsi, v.l.), BNnÉ 254 § 211 . Note also: is nemchoimsigh an anóir doberitt na Serristtínig don eclais sin, Maund. 78 (for 1 coimsech).

(b) As subst. [i, m.] g s. choimsidh, Aithd. D. 94.9 . n p. coimsighe(?), ZCP vi 258.13 , coimsidhe, TTr.² 77 . one who is competent or capable, master, lord, controller: he fesin as ch.¤ dáu / in muid dungní cach oenláu `is master of the work', Thes. ii 294 § 8 . ach.¤ forslóg nD., SR 6970 . coimsig ar cach (Saturn), BB 412a5 . comsid na náem . . . / Día, LU 3042 . tri accaldaim E. comsid ┐ cumachtaig na ṅgáeth, LL 31354 (TTr.). a Ch. báid co mbúadaib, Ériu vi 114.19 . c.¤ Laigen, Ériu xvii 38 § 8 . athissech cach comsid, LL 344c20 . coimsigh mo c[h]omarle / Crīst cathbarr cāich, ZCP viii 199.7 . a choimsig nime ┐ talman, PH 767 . c.¤ nime `Heaven's Ruler', O'Gr. Cat. 463.20 . ní fhacattar . . . a ccoimsigh talmanda, AFM vi 2292.6 . intreb tige caich di lestrai, coruicce c.¤ comoil, Laws v 390.x (lit. lord of the feast, perh. concr. of a drinking-vessel). coinsiud (leg. comsiud) .i. lestar coimsighthe comoil, CIH ii 610.14 , CMCS lix 25 .

colainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colainn or dil.ie/10477

 

Forms: colann, colann, calann, colinn, colno, chollno, cholin, colinn, -ain

n i, f. Later colann. colann calann f., IGT Decl. § 37 . Cf. indiu is do cendaib colla tall, Laws i 44.1 . n s. colinn, Wb. 26a23 . g s. (inna) colno , 4a9 (gl. carnem), 9c10 , 31d2 . chollno, Wb. 3d1 . d s. cholin, 10b20 . colinn, 15d14 . -ain, Ml. 38c9 .

(a) body; flesh : is Iesse as bunad do-ssom . . . iár colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 6d10 . ar n-athir iar colinn, 2b23 . hi fóisite césto dia cholin-som, 3d24 . ar colno císu `the taxes of our flesh', Thes. ii 325.19 (Hy. iv). tol cholno (attrib. g s.), Wb. 20c20 . ar Chríst crochais c.¤ , Fél. Mar. 12 . itir lacht ┐ gnimraidh ┐ c.¤ (of cattle), Laws ii 66.18 . ri thanic i colla crí, SR 7517 . sírchóemna m'anmasa / scéo colla, LU 1194 . dergnat colla, 3470 ( SCC 25 ). i llaxai ┐ i téti a collai, 2195 ( FA 27 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . ar nís gaodae fír chairde na caraid colna, 44.25 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar cc.¤ , RC xxv 390 § 3 . colund gl. caro, Ir. Gl. 919 . o chaithes in choland in mbiad, PH 4800 . an chalann chuil, Dán Dé xxviii 33 . chalann (: anam), TSh. 3314 (cit.). (attá) i colainn (is) alive; (is) in human form : ro bói Crist i colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 15d14 . céin bai hi colaind, LU 1967 ( FA 3 ). tearc do choimbeodha i gcoluinn, DDána 74.64 .

(b) corpse, carcass; trunk : troigh mná troghain / for a ccollaib, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 19 . cend na mnā for indara burt ┐ colann for in burt n-ailiu, Cáin Ad. 7 . urba ria collaib (it is lawful) to make a gap for the conveyance of corpses, Laws iv 154.22 . cach mairt mainighther coland i sleib, v 330.15 Comm. co farnic in colann cen cend, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.y). uallfaidh coin ōs collaib crē, Ériu xviii 70 § 59 . bā coland cen chend / bā cend cen cholaind (of a useless proceeding), MacCongl. 73.12 , 13 .

(d) In Laws, material subject of a bargain etc.; principal, capital, object pledged or lent; corpus delicti; basis, ground, cause (of a claim, charge); substance (of which an article is made); is ruidhlis do neoch an dosli a coland fadeisin (i.e. a man is fully entitled to what his own capital earns), O'Curry 396 ( H 3.18, 221a ). duine dorigne cunnra . . . ┐ nocho rucadh colann uadha (i.e. the subject of the bargain was not actually handed over), O'D. 575 ( H 3.17, 443 ). fer meodhon gaide . . . ┐ nocha tarrustar colund aice (i.e. the stolen article was not found with him), O'Curry 2159 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). techta fuillema gill capuill . . . ailid tri ech ina muin la aithgin a collnna compensation equivalent to the original pledge, Laws v 406.3 . techta fuillema gill escra . . . do-s-li .u. seotu trenib . . . trian di setaib faithche, trian di setaib tige, trian di colaind fadeisin, la aithgin a chollnna i comdire a escra, 410.3 , 4 ( di colaind fadesin .i. di comchinoil .i. di umha, 10 Comm. ). ni lais dire a seoit, acht c.¤ aithgena nama `nur das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 (coland v.l.) (i.e. because the lord to whom he is bound pays his fines, he also gets the `díre' due to the `fuidir' whose goods have been stolen or damaged) = Laws v 512.5 . fertair c.¤ aithgena cachae dia trise co [m]boin inna muin `the body of compensation of each is paid after three days, with a cow in addition,' Laws v 400.z . it dilsi collnaib ┐ aithginaib `sind sie verfallen, die Gegenstände (selber) und (= oder ihr) Ersatz', ZCP xiv 379 § 42 . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren acht coland fri rathugad techta nama (of levying compensation for stolen goods introduced into a (king's) residence), Laws iii 242.1 (? he is liable for the restoration only of the object stolen if his good faith is adequately vouched for). ní híctur acht colunn náma the original pledge only (not the increase, in the case of an animal which has had young while in pledge), i 280.16 Comm. fuilgenn .i. inas na colla nó aithgin `increase of the . . . object pledged(?) or the equivalent', O'Dav. 862 . fer i taib no [in] airceand íte coland a feich `(the destruction of) the grass at the side or at the end (of the field) is the substance of the liability', Laws iv 120.z . eacur colla fiach adgairtur dicolla athgabail `let the original debts claimed be balanced against the original distress', ii 98.5 , 6 . do tuitet a colann feich olchena `they are all forfeited for the original debt', i 224.3 Comm. Also with follg. sét (g p.), colainn sét being translated Wertgegenstand by Thurneysen: ferdair collna set i naithcu(i)r `es werden (nur) die Wertgegenstände (selber) als Rückgabe gegeben', ZCP xiv 387 § 52 ( Laws ii 322.5 ). con-fodlait(h)er colla set saire i n-erenaiter fri somaine `es werden die Wertgegenstände mit der "Freiheit", in der sie gegeben worden sind, gegen die Leistungen abgewogen', ibid. (2). la diabul n-aithgina do collnaib set ┐ do somaine `neben dem Doppel-Ersatz der Wertgegenstände und der Leistungen', 390 § 57 (330.5). is eccen a n-athgin fo coibne fria collna set, no set adgo fechem dar a n-esse `compensation proportionate to the original articles' (of fine goblets etc. given in pledge), Laws v 408.2 . mad ar diumand in ceile in-asa in flaith a seotu, is dilis don cele log n-einech dib do collaib set aithgena, na toglen somaine collna set `ist dem Genossen sein Ehrenpreis aus ihnen, aus den Wertgegenständen des Ersatzes verfallen, ohne dass den Wertgegenständen Leistungen anhaften', ZCP xiv 391 § 59 ( Laws ii 336.5 , 6). ? ro fes as n-erraithi de collna denta .i. ro fes conad e ícus intí doroine denta indlightecha frisin colainn, O'Curry 2160 ( Eg. 88, 4 ).

Compds. With noun. -ér(a)ic wergild : colainn-ēr(a)ic `Leichen-Bezahlung', Ir. Recht 14.13 . colannéric deoraidh do thabhairt inntu `die Tötungsbusse eines Ausländers', 68.3 . co colainderce cert `to the exact amount of the body-price', Bretha 23 . With Vn. claidem cruaidhgher colundledartha, Aen. 2499 . With adj. i mogal cháidh cholannghlan, Aithd. D. 76.7 .

comadas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comadas or dil.ie/10573

 

adj o, ā (adas) suitable, fitting, proper , etc. Sometimes written comdas (cf. 1 comdes?). comhdhas .i. comhadhas no coimhdhlightheach, O'Cl. comadassaib doib gl. laudibus `adequate to them', Ml. 88c13 . a[ḟ]orcital c.¤ do chách `suitable teaching', Wb. 8b13 . frecrae c.¤ `a fitting answer', Ml. 30b10 . cétmuinter dligthech comcheníuil c.¤ (comdas v.l.), Críth G. 347 . ben ch.¤ do Máel D., LU 1819 . o Ch. comdas na cned `C., mark for wounds', Metr. Dinds. iii 8.95 . C. . . . meic Cairpri comdais, Corp. Gen. 118 x . lan fir c.¤ , Laws iii 118.z Comm.

Predic.: c.¤ lobre et immomon forsin mug `meet (is) weakness on the slave', Wb. 8b1 . ind aimsir ba[d] ch.¤ dó `that was fitting to him', 21a1 . is hed ón dano as ch.¤ `fitting', Ml. 90c12 . ni c.¤ du aisndís inna mmaraisndisen-so acht in spiurt noib `only the Holy Spirit is fit' etc., 64d2 . . . . longum est ut quanta dignum (.i. cómadas) est, tanta dicantur , ZCP vii 483.28 (= Enchir. Aug. 81a ). is c.¤ cauradmír do thabairt dait, LU 8784 . donrig batar uissi (.i. batar uiss no umla no innraice no comadais), Ir. Gl. 41.6 . fornn ba c.¤ friar cloenré (of divine punishment), SR 3618 (where comdas required by metre, cf. 4778 ). cinnas bad chomdas in sluagad do thecht, LL 7920 ( TBC-LL¹ 456 ). narbo comadhas leo in mac amra ut do beth etir dainib, BB 414a39 . imdaidh bud comadhas do flaith `a couch fit for a prince', Grail 2856 .

Compar. ben budh comadhaise dō inā B. (comadhais v.l.), ML² 582 .

As subst. o that which is fitting; suitability etc.: atait ceithre comadhuis cacha raithe la Féine `Gehörigkeiten', Bürgschaft 41.7 . tainig a comhadhus Croich[ne cr]u ima Elge airbhe (see O'Dav. 388 ), Ériu xiii 20.19 . ? do gair dire dia comhadhais Croichne file, 26 . ar dlighidh gach gradh as a mámaibh techta, saorus a nemhthes a cóir a comhadhus, 33.16 . trī randa dorigne don lind .i. bunad ┐ tānaisi ┐ īarlind ┐ can ní díb-sin dia comadus without any of them being fit for them, BColm. 74.26 . taet cach grād ria ch.¤ , ACL iii 314 § 24 . maithi na h-arm-se omm . . . is é so mo ch.¤ this is the one that is right for me, TBC-LL¹ 109 ( LL 8502 ). Moc[h]omōc comadusa (= -us-sa) don C[h]oimdidh cōimidh, ZCP xiii 15.10 . cech fer cíuil cona ch.¤ with his instruments(?), MU² 197 . ropad léor lem gilla a chomadais dom muntir na agid, LU 5961 . ō nach bfaghann bean ar banais / acht éinfhear a comhadhuis only one man to suit her, KMMisc. 356.2 . See 1 com-.

Attrib. g s. cor comadais `a meet covenant', Laws iv 34.2 . amal coir comadais Caisil proper, Ériu xvi 65.36 . in-ilchrichaib comadais, Rawl. 107b6 . a clíar comhadhais, IGT Decl. ex. 964 . hattreb chomadais do'n spirut nóeb, PH 5600 . mo ceile comadais `lawful spouse', Grail 1722 . lan fir comadais eturru `full appropriate denial upon oath', Laws iii 118.8 Comm. cona congaibh comadhais `with suitable equipment', Hugh Roe² 342.6 .

Predic.: ni comadhais dún diblinaib cunnrad na hingine-sea, Lat. Lives 71.8 . ba comtrom comadais a comlonn, MR 246.2 . ní comhdhais (.i. dliged nó cóir) do mhac gan ferann ┐ ríghe nÉrenn lat, ZCP v 523.31 . narbo comadhais do `that it was not fitting for him', Grail 1339 . arm is comadhais do `a weapon befitting him', Laws v 134.1 Comm. im roba comadais lais, Hugh Roe² 244.12 .

1 cor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cor or dil.ie/12406
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cur, car, cora, cura, cara, -uir, cora

n o, m. Later also cur, car, cora, cura, cara. Vn. of fo-ceird. c.¤ car (an tsíl ┐ na bḟíach ┐ na sligheadh ┐ fuaras . . . ┐ atá orum) . . . c.¤ (an eich . . . car an eich .l.) g s. -uir, m., IGT Decl. § 69 . cur (an tsíl) g s. cora m., § 70 . cura cora cara (an tṡíl) m., § 2 . Verbs § 58 . c.¤ a curvo , O'Mulc. 369 . in c.¤ , 499 . fuirmeal .i. cur, O'Cl.

1 act of putting, placing; setting up, etc. in a wide variety of contexts: mórfessiur . . . oc c.¤ cacha h-óenslaite (of building a house), LU 8059 ( FB 2 ). áes feig . . . do ch.¤ i n-óenfecht dia saichthin to send, 6145 (TBC). gan Aenach C. do c[h]ur not to hold, Ériu xviii 62 § 20 . ? ar c.¤ bissexa, LL 17463 . a chur ind `it shall be forfeited', Laws i 160.15 Comm. bid teora bliadna os úir gen a cur (of transplanting trees), Marco P. 165 . gan cur ná treabhadh soisgéoil planting, Mac Aingil 5005 . ? ac cur na sáraighthedh dictating the cases of s., O'Gr. Cat. 120.2 . clú M. ar c.¤ a caemna `has established her protection', Studies 1920, 419.12 . c.¤ eich spurring on a horse, Aithd. D. 77.27 . gan inghean . . . ré cur síoda ná gréis `wearing silk or embroidery', Keat. ii 2770 . an fhuinneóg . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta = garnished with a strong grate of iron, RSClára 93b . ag cur chru `shoeing a horse', AFM iv 694.18 . ? sciath . . . do chur ber ┐ sleg ┐ saiget for . . . warding off(?), LL 24895 .

2 In figura etymologica: ní chuirfi c.¤ búada de `will not win thereby', Trip. 78.9 . noconfōicher c.¤ dia chind he won't stir his head, TBC-I¹ 706 (cf. ni lamad c.¤ de he dared not budge, LU 726 ). co rolád c.¤ isin dúnad take a turn round the camp, 154 (LU). asbér is c.¤ roda lláus immudu that I have simply lost it, TBFr. 168 . ba he met rolad c.¤ dia indtleacht na hingine such an impression was made on the girl's mind, ZCP xiii 262.20 . is níor fhéad c.¤ do chur dhi could not stir it, DDána 102.25 . Note further: do ghrádh ód thriath ná till ch.¤ `turn not by a single point thy devotion away', Magauran 2362 .

3 act of throwing, casting : c.¤ .i. urchor, O'Cl. di ch.¤ cruinn da-cer dul issa mmuir `from casting (the) lot' (gl. de ligno sortis), Tur. 132 . c.¤ cloiche (a game), Celtica viii 149.21 . cur clach, Cóir Anm.² i 179 § 10 . cur liac putting the stone, RC ix 454.18 . c.¤ ṅdeiled, Ériu iv 30.10 . ag cur dhísle, Studies 1923, 599 § 15 . foscaigthe na crann do chur fó thuaid don gréin that the trees were casting shadows, CCath. 1581 . gan fhuil a chnis / do ch.¤ , Ériu xvi 134 § 53 . le car snechta, IGT Decl. ex. 246 . lé linn . . . na gceath soin do chur, Keat. ii 2287 . Hence of feats, etc.: oc cur in rothclessa performing , LU 8844 . ag c.¤ iomána, RC xxix 116 § 13 . Note also: le cur claidem by plying the sword. Hy Fiach. 190.z . Of sounds: c.¤ ndelma, Ériu xvi 82.34 . a ngair ag a cur uttering cries, RC xiii 7.7 . Freq. of battles, slaughters, etc.: robu coscrach dia chur / a gleten fri diäbul `he was victorious from fighting his battle', Blathm. 175 . dotháet c.¤ mo diberga de, LU 7067 = BDD² 658 (`plundering', Gloss.). gan cath do c[h]ur, Ériu xviii 62 § 23 . ar cur āir after inflicting slaughter, BColm. 90.19 . fer cora choscair, IGT Decl. ex. 729 . Note also: corrthuafail (= c.¤ thuaithbil ?) gaoithe whirlwind , Corp. Astron. 112.17 . gaotha corr-thuaithbhil, 160.24 .

4 act of letting go, discarding : grís chaomh ar car a smáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . ag car chnúais, ex. 594 . gach cnú chorr ag cur a bláoisce, KMMisc. 172.31 .

5 In a variety of idioms with prepp. (only a small selection can be given from a very wide range, especially where the later lang. is concerned): c.¤ lame ardodced getting involved in misfortune, Wb. 29b18 . car Mhoighe Aoí ar aitreabhadh renewing husbandry in Mag nAí, MS. Mat. 564.21 . c.¤ ar comrād fri canōin `intentness on (?) conversing with the canon', Ériu ii 65 § 11 . barr do chara ar an gceól gcrot, Studies 1919, 612 § 6 . dom char ort, DDána 90.12 `commending me to thee', Ir. Monthly 1920, 53 . ag cur mheic ar ḟer nÍ. imputing to, IGT Decl. ex. 1266 . cur chuca `interfere with them', TSh. 10169 . eolas gacha conaire no cingfitis do chur go crích doibh to lead them all the way wherever they went, BNnÉ 51 § 40 . ainm in míl-sin cen chur de (chev.; in full? precisely?), Metr. Dinds. iii 428.41 . cen a ch.¤ de, ZCP viii 268 § 44 . atá an chruinne dom chur (v.l.) dhí is discarding me, Dán Dé xxviii 24 . c.¤ gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.14 . ag cur do chum an bhaile do ghabhail attempting, AFM v 1846.1 . C. . . . do ch.¤ do cum báis, vi 2368.15 . xx tunda fina do cur fo tir were cast ashore, Ann. Conn. 1310.10 . ic a cur for dail mbicc treating it as a small matter, CCath. 5014 . dám thrír táncatar ille / dá cur ra (= fri) Find, LL 29302 `sich . . . zu gesellen', Festschr. Stokes 9 . cur ré tuicsin cumacht an Airdrig to attempt to understand, Ériu ii 146 § 165 . decair c.¤ ré draoidheacht ndéin contend with, Duan. F. i 40.21 . cur red chlú ní chúala adding to, competing with, the equal of(?), A. Ó Dálaigh iv 1 . With i n-agaid, see agad, aiged ar c.¤ hi far selbad-si `putting ourselves into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . is c.¤ anma [ ] i mod confuses the spirit, Ériu xx 196 § 21 . cara im cheann to oppose me, Dán Dé xix 20 . Cf. 1 cenn dia c.¤ i cóic dividing it into five, Ériu iv 154.6 . a chur a gcrích uile = the whole disposing thereof, Proverbs xvi 33 . cach dá chur sin a n-ingnad air everyone marvelling at that, BCC 85 . gan iad féin le chéile ag cur `that they pull not together', O'Gr. Cat. 408.10 . rígh is sochair lén doirbh cur whom it is difficult to oppose, Content. xiv 55 . gan c.¤ le gan laghdugadh without addition, ZCP ii 350.10 . c.¤ do sétche uáit putting away thy wife, Wb. 10a21 . iar n-a chur roimhe rí Alban do ghairm de féin proposing, Keat. i 206.70 . do ch.¤ súlae taris `to cast my eyes over it', Mon. Tall. 136.22 . in c.¤ tar cenn gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . 72b12 . 99d7 . huan ch.¤ dar cénn gl. auersione, 118a15 .

6 With follg. adv.: iar na chur amach . . . co `after it had been reported . . . that', AFM vi 2226.16 . ? Íosa 's a dhá asbal déag / deacroide cur re a gcoimhéad / brath 'n-a mbun ó thigh do tigh / cur a-mach ar an muinntir, Dán Dé xxi 22 . ? is ferr do neoch a ch.¤ ass to give up (of unrequited love), LU 3943 ( SCC 44 ). ni bhi ga chur as ach sibal an re there is nothing interfering with it, Ir. Astr. Tr. 102.10 . ar mhórán do reachtaibh . . . iar n-a gcur síos written down, Keat. ii 4739 . teampall chille R. do ch.¤ suas `was re-erected', AFM iii 590.16 . cur suas de Dhia to renounce, O'Rah. 295.16 . óna neithibh atá agam' ch.¤ timcheall = a circumdantibus me, TSh. 4264 .

Transferred meanings.

7 leap, twist; throw (in wrestling): ro lá c.¤ n-iach n-erred de i n-arda, MU² 952 , cf. 1 eó, eú . c.¤ fo laim [no prep] (of a horse), Laws iii 180.17 Comm. tuc léim láidir ┐ car, SG 26.28 . troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529 . c.¤ arrachta `a powerful throw', Stair Erc. 1136 . Cf. rolá in scrín . . . curu dí, Fél. 76.38 .

8 twist, coil : anncoir gorm fa choraibh do chábla, óir, MR 349.z . snas donn a cúil 'na caraib, Prolegomena 45 § 27 . c.¤ d'irbull in dragun a timcill an leogain, ZCP vi 61.16 . ro latraigseat curu imm na cathaib `umkreisten', Alex. 247 = ro lasat curudu, etc,. ZCP xxx 113 .

9 twist, detour, circuit in road, etc.: curu gl. giros, BCr. 18b2 . do bretha c.¤ n-imruill fothuaid ┐ fodess do na sluagaib were led astray, LL 7931 (TBC). ar doirthi na c.¤ `des Weges', ZCP xxx 136.10 (Alex.). téid c.¤ seach an gcathraigh neamhdha `takes a course past Heaven', Dán Dé xxxi 21 . c.¤ sligheadh, PBocht 3.25 . c.¤ fo chosán = cenn fa eite (punctuation mark in Ir. MSS.), O'Don. Gram. 434 . Fig. do choraibh trúagha an talmhan vicissitudes, IGT ex. 770 . biaid cur da findfam there is a way of finding out, MU² 879 . c.¤ .i. cuairt, O'Cl.

10 tune, melody : c.¤ .i. ceol, O'Cl. cass c.¤ cuirt[her] guth ín luin, IT iii 19 § 53 . do sinn slithi senma cuir ┐ puirt, Fianaig. 58.14 . lucht athlaimhe ar choraibh ceoil, DDána 17.19 . ag senm a ch.¤ (a bird), IGT Metr. Faults§ 61 . ? nōnbor āesa cerdd[a] ina sessam imbi oc cur na clīara, Corm. Y 141 = occantain (no ocur), Corm. 7 .

11 In phrases: in cursa this time, LL 7650 (TBC). na bris dúin cairptiu . . . meni bethe ar in t-ṡluagud-sa a ch.¤sa, 8211 `now', TBC-LL² 648 . den chursin `in that moment', Mon. Tall. 148.14 . don chur sa, LU 6303 . dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . cedna cur, AFM ii 800.2 . ar ch.¤ éigin = aliquo modo, Rial. S.F. 1691 . ar éunch. at all (after neg. vb.), Parrth. Anma 2448 . gan a deunamh ar ch.¤ ar bith, Rule of Tallaght 27 . ar aonch.¤ ar bith, Párl. na mB. 308 . ar chor oile = aliter, TSh. 6482 . ar an uile ch.¤ in every way, A. Ó Dálaigh l 2 . ar dhá ch.¤ `for two reasons', PBocht 13.21 . ar gach c.¤ in every way, Measgra D. 70.15 . as gach cur, Anecd. ii 62 . ar an gc.¤-sain thus, Dán Dé xviii 19 . ar an gc.¤-sa, O'Hara 1413 . ar an gc.¤ gcéadna, PBocht 13.19 . ar an cc.¤ ad-chluinti `in the way you have heard', O'Hara 3098 . Cf. is é c.¤ ar a ráinig ríoghacht Éireann C. this is how, etc., Keat. ii 3701 . imon c.¤ cedna, Ériu viii 36.25 . c.¤ fri c.¤ together (?), ZCP v 487 § 15 . c.¤ nach ffiorfa an fháisdini `so that he shall not bring the forecast true', Duan. F. ii 56.31 . ar ch.¤ nach feas dó, TSh. 740 . In phr. ar chur in the power of, at the mercy of, at the disposal of: coíca laech ara chur, Metr. Dinds. iv 320.1 . ar mo ch.¤ , Content. xiv 53 . ar chur ┐ fa smacht Easpuig na Rómha, Keat. iii 11 . Hence in Keat. c.¤ ar power over: cur ┐ cumas aige . . . ar an eagluis (Peter), Eochairsg. 6.37 . cur ag an mbás ar na seacht ndrongaibh úd, TSh. 7893 .

Legal.

12 contract . `Irish equivalent of the stipulatio of Roman law, the solemn verbal contract', Críth G. p. 81 . Freq. c.¤ bél (where bél simply limits the general meaning of cor act of putting; not properly verbal as oppd. to written contract , which does not occur in early Irish law, Thurn. ZCP xv 307 - 8 ). Later in more general sense of bond, bargain, agreement, guarantee, undertaking , etc.: c.¤ bēl, Cóic Con. 71.15 . cuir ┐ cundartha, 20.10 . for curu bél, Críth G. 279 . cur (d s.) ┐ chairddiu, 373 . cintaib cuir (coir, MSS.) `to liabilities arising from contract', 339 . ni c.¤ c.¤ for nemthe. for eglais. for fhlaith. for éigsi, Ériu xiii 23.26 . cair cis lir chuir dochuisin? Nin. A do; sochar, ┐ docor, Laws iii 4.5 . acht na cuic curu ata taithmechta la feine, i 50.y . tellach tar curu bel `entry notwithstanding verbal agreement`, v 210.2 . raith fuasluictar coraib `a surety who is freed from contracts', 340.18 . fiadnaisi .i. fiadæ ro nass in c.¤ , O'Mulc. 499 . dentar lib iarṁbes cech cuir/ . . . / edpart matinda, SR 4401 . o roscarsatar ar cuir since our bargain no longer holds (?), 1725 . in c.¤ amra ronenaisc .i. comruc re hēnfer, TBC-I¹ 1185 . c.¤ . . . ┐ faesam rīg Hērenn . . . fair-sium protection (?), Fing. R. 939 . fā choraibh ag cliaraibh, O'R. Poems 2036 `under bonds', Gloss. ná táeb ré c.¤ Conaillech, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . liom gé madh maith an c.¤ chuinghim request , Measgra D. 61.103 . gurab uime do rinde se cuir re lucht na cathrach covenant, ZCP xi 140.12 . aitherrach cuir do ch.¤ don choróin `to transfer the crown', AFM vi 2258.13 . c.¤ nō oibliogāid riagla . . . S. Clára = the obligation of the Rvle, RSClára 145b . Of marriage-contract : issé dorigne curu a mathar fria athair, BColm. 6 § 7 . tucusa c.¤ ┐ coibchi duit amal as dech teít di mnaí, LL 7589 (TBC). maith risin mnáoi si amuigh / amhuil mur snadhmar a cuir, KMMisc. 346.19 .

13 Later in sense surety, guarantor (cf. aitire, naidm(m), 1 ráth): caide c.¤? tricha fear; caide arrae cuir? coic fir déc, O'Curry 347 ( H 3.18, 191 -2). c.¤ .i. urraidh téid an urradhas, O'Cl. it cora a fine fadeisin forra, Laws v 128.18 . fiacha do thobairt a laim an cuir, O'Curry 299 ( H 3.18, 165 ). cata cuir condaigi? . . . Na trí gillai etc., MU² 72 . Rauphel lium doráith / os cind cecha cuir, KMMisc. 255.1 . cuir ┐ rátha, Duan. F. iii 246 . ná (leg. na?) cuirsi do dheimnigh dún / na cuisne eighridh d'ḟadúdh, IGT Decl. ex. 368 . Note also: coro greis in t-ōclach na curu i cenn in rig .i. muir ┐ gaeth ┐ grian ┐ eoitheoir ┐ firmaimint, Dinds. 81 ( RC xvi 32 ). Less explicitly: tecait cura daingne dó, Metr. Dinds. iii 178.153 . ni epér . . . co m-bet cuir dam fria `pledges', MacCongl. 23.1 . neart ar do choraibh ┐ ar do shlāntaibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 996 . In follg. late exx. the pl. form prob. means guarantee(s), undertaking, term(s): ro naidhmsiot a ccura . . . amhlaidh sin, AFM vi 2172.2 . gur ro naidhm a cura fris `league', iii 126.13 . tugadar cuir ┐ slána do Mhogh N., ML 8.12 . ro naidhmset a ccura friss `they . . . fixed terms with him', Hugh Roe² 132.13 .

In later lang. in various transferred and Fig. meanings.

14 Attrib. g s. cuir. Precise meaning unknown. See TD 1.6 note. go Cruachain cuir, Fen. 182.20 . C. P. na g-call g-cuir, Hy Fiach. 46.10 . Of trees etc. (us. transl. planted): a lubhghort cuir, SGS iv 66 § 29 . an dá chraoibh chuir `those two firm planted branches', Magauran 2064 . Of buildings: teaghdhais chumhang na gcloch gcuir `piled stones', PBocht 27.19 . sluagh na síodh ccorrbhroghach ccuir `strong round-terraced elf-mounds', O'Hara 3329 . asin cloich cuir (in wall), LB 157a63 . Note further: fear . . . go gcuirnín cuir, Hackett xliv 48 . ón chliabhán chuir, Duan. F. ii 62.y . in treas cleitin cuir `casting javelin', 24.17 . for cai cuir `upon the road of a circuit' (of poets), Auraic. 2221 . ? cá bhfuil fós caomhnuime gcuir (not transl.), Content. xxviii 62 (see cunnuimne). a haon trí céd cadla cuir, AFM i 562.1 .

15 act of overthrowing, defeating; defeat, reverse : a ch.¤ do Bh. `he has been outdone by B.', Magauran 225 . tearc flaitheas nach fuighe c.¤ `few kingdoms escape unshaken', Ir. Review 1912, 376 § 6 . fuair T. c.¤ `reverse', Content. v 101 . ? don tsaoghal so an chuir, Párl. na mB. 2179 .

16 state, condition, plight : dia do ch.¤ `awful calamity', PBocht 1.19 . c.¤ an phobuil, DDána 35.9 . an c.¤ do-chiam fúthaibh, 26.2 . cruth cen chēill, dōiriu cach c.¤, is neime i n-ōrlestar worse than anything, ZCP vi 267 § 2 . trúagh c.¤ chloinne Hādhuimh, ii 583.16 .

17 act of tiring; tiredness, fatigue (late; always cur): on brig arna cur = a virtute defatigata, Rosa Angl. 272.19 . a h-aitli tsaetair no cuir, RC xlix 5 § 2 . daóine do chur to weary men, Isaiah vii 13 . ? cen séis, cen cur, cen cumsanad, Laud 610, 25d (Plummer MS notes). ? bean is clann gá cur, IGT Decl. ex. 1117 .

18 V. freq. in later lang. in adv. phr. car(a) (seldom c.¤) in cháemlaí (-laithi) all day long, the livelong day : car an chaomhlaithi, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . car gach aon laithe, Fl. Earls 142.32 . car an chaoimhlaoi, A. Ó Dálaigh l (50) 34 . cara(?) in caomh-laī, Feis Tighe Chonáin 379 . c.¤ an caomlaoi, Grail 2759 . Also: car an chargais during the whole of Lent, BNnÉ 149.38 . c.¤ ind erraigh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 77.34 . car an ḟaghamhair, IGT Decl. ex. 950 . car an geamraidh, ex. 339 .

19 Meaning doubtful or obscure: is blicht la mnāi cur ar is donaite cach tua[th]bel, O'Mulc. 754 . dia coraib, Anecd. i 6.4 ( SCano 156 `agitations?' Gloss.). ba ard cīsel choscair chain / Cormac co n-āni a chuir, ZCP xi 109 § 21 . in mbuithib (leg. inb-) cor a saithe `at the time of the departure of his own swarm', Laws iv 190.13 . fear saor is a bhladh dá bhrath / dá char gion gur caomh a dhreach, DDána 91.6 (to 16?). thainig [siad] do'n chur to the place(?), Oss. vi 62 . ocus tuille: car beg da derbad inntaithmech in focail is aireacht the analysis of the word a. gives some additional proof(?), O'Curry 2272 ( Eg. 88, 20 (21)c ). trí fichid . . . gan ch.¤ and no more(?), Keat. Poems 1185 .

20 Compds. ? measam cundrada carlínad `the worst bargain is fulfilling a contract', ZCP xvii 69 § 7 ( ACL iii 230.153 ). crithre corphort sparkling melodies, Studies 1923, 598 § 11 . ? ba rechtaid críche / corsir `long enduring in contract', Celtica vi 234.y ( coirsear, Laws iv 16.22 ) = corsir .i. focard gulla .i. clocha, a cennaib a aile siu ┐ tall iar ngabail a tirí, O'Curry 849 ( H 3.18, 385b ). conclanna . . . corshnadmanacha (in wrestling), MR 254.26 . See abratchor, 1 gúala, tenchor.

crích

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crích or dil.ie/12912

 

Forms: críg

n ā, f. ?d s. críg, Ml. 131c10 (leg. cathraig? note).

(a) boundary, limit (of territory), end; aim, purpose, etc. (partic. in later lang.): honaib crichaib cammaib gl. obliquis sulcis, Ml. 2a7 (of furrow which marks boundary, see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 168 ). ba samla fri c.¤ in da chlod doriṅgensat roith . . . carpait C.C. furrow, LL 12808 . bieid crich fortimtherecht cacha dúlo gl. deinde finis, Wb. 13b28 . innacriche gl. limitis, Ml. 37d7 . tri deligud innac.¤ , 11 . cona tiagat taracricha corai (of waters), 51d3 . rasaig ac.¤ cuccai `their boundary extends to it', 102a8 . c.¤ gl. ωρα, Sg. 9b12 . gl. limes, 66b4 (see n.). muir dar críchu a flood, TBC-LL² 4493 . isedh is crich ann, gort feoir no arbair, no ard-urchur flesca ┐ tri deisceimann o tire tuaim . . . no comadh é bu crich ann, cenn in baile ┐ na .iiii. guirt atta nesa dó, O'Curry 2330 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)d ). óthá c.¤ drommo nit. cuglais tamlachtæ, Thes. ii 238.8 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). co ndichet tar c.¤ , Críth G. 29 . in cloch criche boundary-mark , Laws iv 8.7 Comm. doragad dochom críche (of Cú Chulainn), LU 4830 (TBC). dodechaid iarom c.¤ mór ond loch distance(?), LL 14043 . nech nát comfa in domnach . . . ina críchaib córib `within its proper boundaries', Ériu ii 194 § 8 . eter dí crich in dómnaig, LB 204b11 . go ttangador criocha deiridh don lo soin i.e. evening, ZCP x 290.32 . rotuilsit . . . in aidchi sin co crīchuib na maidne till dawn, ZCP xiii 240.5 . dothuitetar . . . a crīchaib in c[h]omlainn (used for alliteration?), Fianaig. 64.21 . ní-co fil c.¤ for a flaithius, PH 1809 . co crich do bais, ZCP vi 26.24 . críoch a riaghla is nár anois `that their rule has come to an end', Bard. P. 5.10 . críoch ar gciunais `the consummation of our peace', Arch. Hib. i 96 § x . guais do chách críoch a faghla ` outcome ', O'R. Poems 3450 . mór críoch a shuirghe aim , Aithd. D. 95.12 . crioch ar ccomhraidh uain̄ fa fhód object , Rel. Celt. ii 240.13 . do b'í an chreach-sain críoch ar leoin peak , DDána 79.8 . ag moladh bhar ccríche maithe = resolution, RSClára via . an chríoch dhéidheanach final end, TSh. 725 . ga mhēid crīoch dhēidheanach ann? A ceathair .i. an bās, an breithiomhnas, ifrionn ┐ flaitheamhnas, Parrth. Anma 5962 .

In phrases meaning act of completing, fulfilling, etc.: críoch do chur ar an suirghe, A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 13 . smúaineadh gan a chur a cc.¤ , Bard. Synt. Tr. 210.6 . a chur a gc.¤ uile = the whole disposing thereof, Proverbs xvi 33 . do bheir sé olc chum críche, 30 . chuige sin . . . do thabhairt chum críche, Párl. na mB. 255 . táinig an aisling sin i gc.¤ do Chormac `this vision was fulfilled in C.', Keat. ii 4665 . go ttáinig gach nídh do thairngair Fíonán do chum críche, ZCP ii 558.16 . do-chuaidh críoch ar an gcunnradh `has been carried out', Aithd. D. 21.2 .

(b) confines, territory, district, land (in sg. and pl. See Ériu xxii 162 ): hifar crichaib fadisin gl. finibus vestris, Ml. 115b10 . intseuit bite hí cách c.¤ , 122a4 . cacha críche condelg `to every territory its covenant', Celtica vi 237.21 ( ACL iii 226.16 ). tar nos crichi no cana, Laws v 254.7 . comhadh cách a chríoch, Ériu xiii 20.9 . líth línass crícha, Fél. Sept. 9 . an can criocha im ghalail (sanchán crícha im Galail, Ed.), Blathm. 26 . im cert filid tar crich crossing a territory (border?), Laws i 184.17 . i críchaib cíana comaidchi, MU² 220 . do ḟascnam a crichi bunaid, RC xxiv 178 § 8 . i crichaib echtrand, CRR 6 . imthecht a crich n-ecailsi hi crich tuaithi, Ériu ii 202.2 n. dorigne c.¤ claidim di swordland, SG ii 464.26 . críoch Cuinn (poetic name of Ireland), Mart. Don. xxxix 4 . críoch fhionnchorr Éirionn, SGS iv 140 § 9 . ro fagaib . . . cricha na Greige, Stair Erc. 1375 .

In n. loc. see Hog. Onom. In n. pr. Fer dá ch.¤ , Fél. Aug. 15 .

Compds. With nouns. T. M. / is mín críochbhuird, Ir. Syll. Poetry 55 § 7 . do chlíu nad chliss crichbrugi Macha, LL 14222 (rhet.). ó chríochbhun an dá chomhairle ultimate basis, DDána 70.1 . teine í . . . chraos-shloigeas go críochcaitheamh = usque ad perditionem, TSh. 7958 . mendudai ┐ críchdoirsi a námut frontier passes, Alex. 200 . im chricheasbaid a chuigid `circumscribing', MR 110.7 . tír dúthaigh chláir chríchfhionnMhonaidh, DDána 89.6 . fa críochḟorba ḟear nÉireann (of Ireland), Content. xxx 19 . do b'é críochrún a gcagaidh, DDána 121.15 . With adjj.: i ttimcheall Chaisil chríochbháin, Top. Poems² 1194 . Banbha . . . badh críochcoganta, DDána 89.9 . ríogha Crúmhthainn chríchfheadhaigh, Top. Poems² 816 . do'n chined choitchenn crich-fhuinedach `western', MR 294.26 . caith-chrios . . . crioch-niamhtha, xiv 3 . fa chnoc gcríochruadh gC., DDána 111.39 .

See críth.

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