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bocaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bocaid or dil.ie/6226
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bocad, bogtha

v (1 boc)

I

(a) softens, makes soft: topur ro flíuchadh ┐ ro bocadh uili dreach ín talman moistened and softened, BB 16a12 . gur boccadh an magh mor sin fo chosaib Chéin, Hy Maine 12.11 . cutem mollit . . . .i. . . . bogaidh . . . an croiceann, 23 K 42 , 69.20 . gab picc ┐ bocc itir do meruibh hi re cois teinidh, Rosa Angl. 118.3 . in tan gabtar in fín a cainndiacht ro moir . . . bogaidh na feithi, O'Gr. Cat. 215.13. Phon. devoices : B[h]atraig. Uath bogas in beithi fil and, ar ni bi p isin Gaedilc `it is (Ogam) h that softens the b ', Auraic. 1271. bogaidh sí (sc. the letter s) .b. ┐ .d. ┐ .g. ┐ .dh. ┐ .th. roimpe, ┐ crúadhuighidh .dh. ┐ .th. na díaigh, IGT Introd. § 30.2 .

(b) moves ; shakes (trans.): dobhog ┐ domhílaithridh an taitheach é féin dochum na deabhtha sin `moved', Ériu v 182.9 . bocais in carpat imme he hurled the chariot about, TBC-LL¹ 1127. ? inti nad airoemath flaith Temrach, conocbath in carpat fris conachm[b]oceth so that he could not move it, Ériu vi 134.7 (see Mod. Lang. Notes 1943, 33 ). ra-boc ┐ ra-bertaig hí `waved and brandished it' (a spear), CRR 51. bocgais ┐ bertnaigis . . . na harmu, TBC-LL¹ 1083. boccaid immacūairt hí `twirls it about' (a crozier), BColm. 52. 13 . nara mill damsa an mill si ma bogthar hi gan ced mill ar a mbí ulcha ga mboccadh le `may this cheek be not mine own if it move' (?) (of a chief who desires more company at dinner), L. Chl. S. 32. Med. boctur an medon le neithibh bogtacha `move the bowels', Rosa Angl. 60.17 .

With refl. inf. pron. boasts : nípad ro[mór] notboctha `thou shouldst not boast overmuch', Wb. 5b32 . Plummer MS. notes suggests infl. of Lat. se iactare, but cf. constr. with moídid (maeth), moídid (a) ff., maeth.

II moves ; shakes (intrans.): (rhet.) boccit cuillte woods toss (?), LU 5486 (TBC) = b.¤ culter, TBC-I¹ 1007. ro bog ┐ ro bertnaigh coro mebatar uamanna na ccoilcech, TBC St. 107 . ro boccsat na turida ┐ na colbada . . . oc timna ceilebarta doib, BB 443a42 . bog liom-sa ! a chailín dheas `fly with me', Hard. i 216.6 .

Vn. bocad. Part. gan bheithe bogtha ( = p ?) do rádha, IGT Introd. § 1.8 .

bras

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bras or dil.ie/6559

Forms: brais

adj o, ā. Of persons forward, boastful, defiant. In other contexts more vaguely great, forceful, violent, etc. Of sounds strident: a piana it brassa, Fél.² Prol. 75. no sirfed in Cú in m[b]ith mb.¤ , LU 3554 ( SCC 29 ). brogach, b.¤ / tir . . ., SR 977. lasaid fót fondbras (sic leg.) . . . fóa cruib (rhet.), LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). do barr bude brass `your thick yellow hair', TBC-LL² 3474 . Nombith (pl.) brais fierce (?) N., Auraic. 2537. siriti b.¤ birda (Medb of Cú Chulainn), TBC-I¹ 1706. brassa airnadma `quick to engage', Tec. Corm. § 16.26 . re dainibh bhrasa = cum . . . procacibus, ITS xxix 130.26 . Of voice, etc.: b.¤ gac greadhanglór, LL 395a9 ( Metr. Gl. 9. 6 ). fogur b.¤ a gotha `strident sound', TTebe 2011 . Cf. fogur bres, 2607 , 3995 . glór b.¤ `loud voice', Dán Dé xxix 5 . co cáintech b.¤ , ZCP vi 271.24 . an gealladh b.¤ `rash promise', Aithd. D. 7.22 .

Often alliterating or otherwise metrically fixed with resulting reduction in real meaning: cethri chet bliadna brassa . . ., LL 2654. mar ḟúarus a mbunad mbrass, / a ndúalus, a ndind-ṡenchas `their high origin', Metr. Dinds. iii 284.7 . a Tur Bregoin brais, LL 989. buidne brasa `eager hosts', Ériu iv 138.13 . dreach bh.¤ , DDána 73.26 . tré breithir mbrais ` boastful ', Lism. L. 2121.

Note: do-raduis ór ar shōrt sdāin bhrais, O'R. Poems 3237 (perh. Engl. brass , Gloss.).

Compar. as superl. is tú is brassi for domon `you are the most boastful man on earth', TBC-LL² 2995 .

As adv. iar mbeim cluig cailleach co b.¤ , Anecd. i 51.12 .

As subst. tíagait ria ríagaib in braiss mórmenmnaig (rhet.), LU 5472 (TBC). éslessach cech brass `every big talker is neglectful', Tec. Corm. § 15.27 . a bhrais bhréagaigh, DDána 50.13 . b.¤ .i. brég, O'Cl.

In chevilles: bladmar, brass, SR 29. ní bág b.¤ `no rash boast', Metr. Dinds. iii 78.7 . nī brīathar b.¤ , ZCP viii 119 § 43.

Compds. With noun : būadach brasgein, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 42 § 43. With adjj. Congalach cond mBregh mbrasglan, AFM ii 652.21 . ceann an mharcshluaigh bhrasluaith bhíodhgtha, Hackett xxxix 116 . brasach .i. bras-ōach .i. ōa mōra let[h]na le with large ears, O'Mulc. 190. badhgaire brasráitteach, TSh. 1720. a treide ṁban ṁbrassalach shamelessly lewd (of wives of the Tromdám), LL 3439. is de atá scél Sceóil ar bá brasscelach side a great storyteller (?), LU 10146.

cráeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráeb or dil.ie/12707
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f.

(a) branch, bough; sprig; rod, wand; post : ni cech cnú fociṅg dia croíb, LL 19134 . etir moin céir ┐ craib, 34903 ( MU² 463 ). co tuca chroíb dam din chaírthend, Fraech 194 . aithsceinm craibi tar ais, Laws v 156.14 . colpach ína ngablaib, dairt ina craebaib, iv 146.23 (see gabul). craeb . . . olachraind, TTebe 2007 . crāeb ola, ACL iii 238 § 8 . as craobh ria na bláth écc ind ḟir hisin (prov. of untimely death), AFM ii 1114.13 . Cf. ni coilte cra[eb] r[ian]a bláth, Éigse ii 184 § 5 ( LL 374c28 ). léiccis cráobha . . . lécciss coilcthi (? branches strewn for bedding. Poss. w.r.t. bracken or heather branches or perhaps a wooden (or wickerwork) bed-frame , Ériu xxvi 95 ), ZCP viii 198 §§ 16 , 17 . fo chiamhair chraobh `among the gloom of branches', BS 24.13 . craeb sidha a laim gach aeinfir dibh olive-branch , ZCP vi 48.9 . atait 5 craoba ar in luibh so springs, ACL i 332.60 . an té do-ní craoibh don chnaoi (viz. God), DDána 42.30 . is amlaid documlai in mac ┐ craeb airgdide uaso . . . Craeb óir . . . uasna ollamnaib. Craeb umai úasna filedaib archena a golden wand, LL 24227 . Cf. bun(n)sach. craobh conaire signpost , LBranach 1004 . craobh eóluis ar oinigh Aodh, 361 . mithidh damhsa . . . / . . . do chuir ar chraoibh, a chompáin to put away, to put aside (to an old cloak), Hackett² 31.26 , 29 . c.¤ luirg see 1 lorg . rod on which ogam was written: cairechtaire Gaoidhelge . . . sgríobhtha 'na bhfleasga ar chraobhaibh, Celtica i 97.309 . Hence: an carachtaire ele . . . goirthear ogham-chraobh (leg. ogham craobh ?) dhe, 306 .

(b) tree, bush : in chróeb i Cind Febrat, Metr. Dinds. iii 230.68 (? ref. to in t-ibar (sic leg.) of 49, 53). unnius i (? Í) Tortain . . . / unnius Uisnig . . . / tuitset na craiba, LL 27698 . teg mór ffer, ┐ ech, docum craoibhe Fert Luighdheach, Ériu xiii 44.10 . ealta minén ar fud craíbhe éigin, CF² 883 . táinic . . . amach as lár craóibhe = out of the midst of a bush, Exodus iii 2 . In phr. fo chráeib out of doors, in the open(?): encorach dicitur duine fossad fo craeph, O'Mulc. 398 (`or fochraib ?' ed.). codlaim fa chraoibh 'san ess, BS 136.16 . Of particular trees: C. Da Thi / . . . crand na sluag, LL 27692 . unnius im̄ Craeb Belaig Da Thi, 27683 . Craeb Uisnig, 27647 . For mod. le (ar na) craobhachaibh ` mad, crazy ', see Ó Cuív, Éigse viii 104 - 5 .

(c) In a wide variety of transfd. meanings.

Of persons: in chróib co mbláthib (of Brigit), Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). Áed . . . c.¤ chomlán do thennad túath, LL 17038 . in chrōib chāin chumra (a warrior), Bruchst. 122 . a chraobh bhíthe bhanda, DDána 80.28 (to a lady). craobh na rosg ruadh (of Conn), ML 122.11 .

Of locks of hair: a bháirr . . . na gcraob gcam, O'Gr. Cat. 456.7 . le hearla na gcraobh gcumhraidhe, DDána 109.8 . cíoradh na gcraobh, Magauran 976 .

Of weapons: crōib glec lāich ina lāmaib (description of Cú Chulainn in his chariot), TBC-I¹ 2571 . in C.¤ Glasach .i. claidem . . . F., Acall. 2192 .

Of a branched wand or staff from which bells were suspended: craebh sidhamhail . . . co tri hublaibh dergoir fuirre, Manners and Customs iii 317 n. 313 f. Cf. i. dxxxvii. eistecht risin ceol dogníd in cræbh, IT iii 193.22 . ro croith in craib Sencha ┐ contoíset Ulaid uli fris, LU 8421 ( FB 29 , H). c.¤ chréduma ra haird a gúaland (of Sencha), LL 35114 ( MU² 749 ). craeb ṡída ┐ forṡidaigthi Fian Érenn, Acall. p. 329.22 . Note further: ar mbreith bhúaidhe cheóil chraoibhe music of the harp(?), IGT Decl. ex. 1165 . ná déin dearmod don chraoibh chiuil, Bard. P. 46.8 . ó ṡeinm na gcraobh gciúil, TD 14.7 . glór bhar síodhchraobh seanma, DDána 68.21 .

Of branching decorative work, arabesque : cráeba cailce for a cliu (of a shield), Eg. 88, 19a cited Contribb. 503 . feilm óir na gcraobh gcorcra, DDána 75.40 . tre chraobhoibh do chuach n-órtha, O'Hara 4363 . craísech chráebh n-úaine, IGT Decl. ex. 1205 .

Of waves: ar chorp mar chraobha tonn, Magauran 1004 .

In sense of pedigree, genealogy, descent, branch of a family tree; scion : do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craébaib, BB 411a33 . ar bhfréamh chraobhei-ne ime, DDána 70.17 . cráobh do chin óna Collaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1330 . Freq. c.¤ choibnesa, c.¤ geinelaig: cade a craeb choibniusa? pedigree , Metr. Dinds. iv 346.7 . a c.¤ choibniusa (sic leg.) fri Grécaib common descent (of the Trojans), LL 30859 ( TTr. 41 ). triúr anuas . . . / d'Anna sa chraoibh choibhneasa, Dán Dé xi 12 . craobha geinealaigh Gaoidheal, DDána 72.21 . See coibnius.

Note also: hi trūaill . . . findarcait ūas chrōebaib(?) a chnis, TBC-I¹ 2342 . deisme neómain im chét c.¤ (dees imomain im chet croeb, YBL), TBC-LL¹ 4958 ( LL 11620 ). ? cionnus lat tré chraoibh na cána / mac an tsaoir do rádha ris (of Christ), DDána 26.6 . cuanna arna threaghdadh a thaobh / ag cealgadh craobh uadha d'fhíon, Dán Dé xxvi 21 . gach craobh chorr, O'Hara 2444 (`each rounded limb'). craobh uaine ad shuil mar shamfhrais, Celtic Scotland iii 424 , xlii (`beam'). craobh barr-dheigh-ṡleagh a barr sin `whose glory is pre-eminence in sharp good lances', Content. xxix 17 . ? cach sathe díib rogab crúib, ZCP viii 308.20 .

Freq. in nn. loc.., see Hog. Onom .

Compds. General sense branching, spreading , but freq. merely for alliterative or other metrical purposes. With nouns and vns. 'san gcraobh-bhanna phéacach, Keat. Poems 304 (`flowing riband, branching band', Gloss.). fás a craobhchall, DDána 64.21 . craebcoroin . . . do nat[h]rac[h]aiph neimde, CCath. 4119 . craebdearca Conaill, MR 116.21 . atbath craobhdhos bhile mhóir, Aonghus, Keat. iii 707 (quotation). i torchair cain craebdus / Oengus ┐ Eithne (cheville), LL 23505 (c.¤ + dos ?). ós chionn do cheathra gcraobh-fhabhra branching lashes and eyebrows , DDána 114.14 . in chliat[h]sa ni craebhḟál `fence of branches', Gorm. 9 . tré chroeb[ḟ]odail, ZCP viii 307.1 (rhet.). craebhfhoghla . . . caibniusa tuath `genealogical ramifications', MR 98.14 . techtughudh . . . cu cruibh ime temporary fence(?), O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506, 23cd ). arm áigh craoibhlíne ` engraved ', O'Hara 683 . tre Mhagh gC. na gcraoibhleas, DDána 74.50 . atād trī caoga craobh-ogham aguinn ogham written on staves, Celtica i 97.306 . Conall . . . uaind ro geinedh in craebh-shlat, MR 310.20 . laoch … craobhshūileach bushy-eyed Celtica xiii 42.103 . craebhthonna spreading waves(?), CF 926 .

With adjj. a Caiseal craebchorr, BB 60b40 . tré ghéarlasair chraobh-dheirg, Keat. Poems 351 . clanna . . . craeb-gasta, MR 118.18 . mar bhláth éadtrom chraobhghlas, Keat. Poems 288 . dreach craobhghoirthe `bright-curved', O'Hara 1907 . go Cliaigh gcr[a]oibhiodhain, DDána 109.3 . a ghruaidh chraobhnár mar chrithre, Aithd. D. 34.6 (`o'erspread with fiery blush'). in t-abhra réidh craobhnocht, O'Hara 4457 (`curving'). um chlár gcraobhsholus gCobhthaigh, Aithd. D. 16.25 . fuairshreabha an chalaidh chraobhshona, 4.8 (`tree-rich'). cuingeda . . . craeb-uaisli `free-born', MR 246.3 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: craibdig .i. . . . craeb-bethadaig (etymol. gl.), Fél.² xxxi 16 . go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . clar-sceimelta . . . craeb-dathacha cath-sciath, MR 224.5 . in Craebhghlasach, claidem F., Acall. 2244 . dh'éis luit do chuilg cráoibhlitrigh, O'R. Poems 109 . na cromsróna . . . craebhshilteacha, CF² 288 . D. . . . / na sul ngormall craebhsuirgeach, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . gu Céis cráebthorthuigh Coruinn, Anecd. i 31 § 49 .

See cruibe.

díliu, díle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díliu, díle or dil.ie/16425

Forms: dílend, dílinde, dílind, dilind, díle

n n, f. (*dí-lin-? Cf. GOI § 331 . From Lat. diluvium, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 197 ). g s. usually dílend; occasionally dílinde, rarely dílind (: Find (gen.), Fianaig. 50 , 94.19 ). na dilind , Snedg. u. Mac R 39 . díle, f., IGT Decl. § 145 .

(a) The Noachian deluge: in díle diluuium, Ml. 48d17 . díli .i. diluuium , Corm. Y 480 . amail sóersai Nóë . . . din díle, Fél. Ep. 452 . diliu thromm, SR 2626 . clann Caīn sil Seth na sen | dorigni in diliu a ndilgen, 2724 . otha dilind co Abram, 2297 . iar ndilinn, 2276 . airdde na dilenn o lar, 2525 . o aimsir dilenn, Fél. p. 258 . o rodoirt díliu for bith, Metr. Dinds. iii 238 . robaid in diliu sil Adaim uile ach Noe, LL 1b1 . o dorat Dia in dilind darsin uile ṅdomun ní therna di doenib in domuin on dilind acht mad lucht na hairce, 1b4 , 6 . is mé Findtan . . . d'éis na díleand, Ériu iv 132 . is e oenḟot do thalmain tar na tainic diliu, idon Golgotha, MacCarthy 48 . tarraidh dílind Bith, BB 20b6 . is fir mar rimhim re radh | o Dilinn co Abraham, MacCarthy 260 . san domnach is fath fire | dotraig ar tus in dile, Ériu iii 144 . ni ragbad [Ériu] ria ndile ┐ ni ragbad iar ndíle . . ., Imr. Brain i 286 x . do deoin ríg na dílinne, SG 382 (LL Bóroma). ar teithedh na dilinde (: gan time), BB 22b45 . an chéiddíle . . . | lér dhíoláithrigh Dia an domhon, TD 7 § 29 . is í an díle na danair, 7 § 42 . anall ó dhortadh díleann, 28 § 3 . ó ré dílinne na dtrét | a bfírinne gá coimét, SG 349 . mo ṡáeghul roimh dhílinn duib | cúig bliadhna déc do bliadhnuib | tug Día tar éis dílinn damh | cúig cét cúig míli bliadhan, Anecd. i 25 . rosaerad Noe ar thonnaib na dílend, PH 5884 . créad as a bhfuaradar an drong do bhí ria ndílinn ann ré fhada, TSh. 8528 . iar dturnamh na díleann, 8422 . re hucht na dílinne, 236 . dia hAoine tugadh an díle tar an ndomhan, Gadelica 207 (Eoghan Ó Caoimh). le huisgidhibh na díleann, Gen. ix 11 (Bedell).

(b) torrential rain, wet weather: bláth gach tíre 'na thoradh | gnáth díle mar a dhubhadh | gach fiodh cnó bhán ag bloghadh | gach domhan lán bó is brughadh, G. B. Mac Con Midhe, Book of O'Conor Don 160a(No. 297) . an cheandsachd chaitheas rinde | is grian a ngar dhilinde, GJ ix 307(Tuar feirge § 3) . grian gheal i ndeaghaidh dílionn, TD 24.54 . lá gréine i ndiaidh dílinne, 26 § 25 (doininne, v.l.). Fig. a torrent (of tears): le déaraibh fola dá ndortadh 'na ndílinn, Keat. Poems 944 = Hackett xxxix 312 .

(c) waters of the ocean, sea: Etar étan ri dílind Etar (i.e. Howth Head) forehead to the flood, Metr. Dinds. iii 104 . aés rodmbádi tond dilend (but this may belong to (e)), 106 . Of the names of the Boyne at different stages of her course: Banna ó Loch Echach cen ail, | Drumchla Dílenn co hAlbain, 28 . ardanfud dond dílinne . . . décsiu Cerbaill, RC xxix 211 . dar lebarthonnaib na dileann, Snedg. u. Mac R 33 . da druim ndilinne (: firinne), Rawl. 86b42 . co ti in diliu tar in domun, Aen. 2966 . tar dromchla ndíleann, TD 20 § 33 . fa tholchuibh dílionn, 20 § 35 . siar tar dromchladh na díleann, Keat. Poems 31 .

(d) flood, torrent usually in epithets: ucht ra mór-dilind to breast a great torrent used of facing a battle, CRR p. 46 (§ 40) . Of a warrior in battle: ruc taichim . . . fo cath na nAnmargach . . . mar borbruathur dianbunni dilend, Cog. 188 . ba he tra samail na desi sin (Haemon and Tydeus) amal ro rethidis da buinne (sic leg.) diana dileand a slebtib arda amreidi . . . (Theb.), Celt. Rev. x 318 . Of Caesar's army: . . . an breisim bratha, ┐ an buine dilenn ┐ an diliu ic tuili . . ., CCath. 5376 . as maidhm dilionn ┐ biodhbha sochaide e, ZCP x 280.y . mur buinni ndían ṅdílinn sceithes a hucht airdslébe i n-aimsir thuili, Fianaig. 94 . snámaid sisi ina ndiaid go trén tinnesnach gurba chosmail re buinne mborbruad ndilenn in dá buinne bátar ima taebaib, SG 250 . uaim dhíleann . . . samhuil inntleachta Dalláin, Oss. v 34 .

(e) The gs. is used attributively to denote great size apparently resulting from great (antediluvian?) age: dam dílend (cf. dam ré, TD 14.34 . Keat. Poems 739 ): ┐ xl ar da cetaib dam dilenn leo docum in tuir do cur a fola fai (of the building of the Tower of Babel), BB 14a53 . mar neart ndamh ndighleann, TBC-LL¹ 3870 v.l. roforbair cona ba luga hí oltás dam dílend (the beast slain by Michael), PH 7221 . Dubhchosach Binde Gulban .i. damh diomhór dilean (of a stag 500 years old), Celt. Rev. x 135 . marb eilit Droma Sileann | geisidh damh dileann dá héis, Acall. 850 . an chú glan semhḟáobhrach seng | ór gearrṡáoghlach dam dílenn, Brian Ó Corcrán, Book of O'Conor Don 227a (No. 294). Freq. applied to warriors: ba treass im dam dilend tres catha uime, BB 435a26 . téit fúthaib mar dham ndásachtach ndileann, SG 65 . indsaighis cach a chele dibh . . . mar dhá damh dílind, Ériu iii 170 . In a few exx. there seems to be a confusion in writing between dam Dile the Ox of Dil (q.v.) and dam dílenn: dam dilenn tuargabsat ceann, BB 373b48 = Daim Dile etc., Metr. Dinds. iii 204 . ? ech dílenn: is luaithe mé ná eachradh díleann (Death addressing the sinner), O'Gr. Cat. 593 (but the corresponding line in Cnuasach Comhagall 6 is: is luaithe mé na teacht tromdileann).

Of trees, etc. scolb do dharaigh dileann, CF 712 . Niall mac Echach na ttres ttenn | ríbhile díomsach dílenn, Book of O'Conor Don 155a (No. 59 ). níorbho coinne sgíthbheag, sgathuaimhneach coinne an dá ruire sin acht ba sáthadh dhá charrtha chloch ndileann, ML 140 . gu gluaiste na crega dílinn, Rel. Celt. i 165 (older version?). ar charruig dhíleann, Desid. 649 . dún dílenn a cyclopean fort (cf. dileann firm, solid, sound, strong , P. O'C. ): co fuil and da dun dileann | eargna run re taeb remeand; | uas tuind tibraid fri toraind | sund fri dib imlib Erenn (viz. Dún Sobhairche in the N. & Dún Cermna in the S.), Lec. 578a14 ( LL 17b1 ). cumdach tochair tuir dileand, BB 37a10 ( Lec. 564a37 ). uamdorus dilenn (Antaeus' cave), CCath. 2908 . is tú fa leannán dreach-nár díleann | do ṡíol Éibhir (of a fortress), Keat. Poems 1525 . Fig. uaill dílenn unyielding arrogance (?): laechraid Ulad uaill dileand | ni rorimeam a remeand, Lec. 584a19 .

doíste

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doíste or dil.ie/17967

n boor, churl: an daoiste dubh díobaighthe duairc, Ó Bruad. ii 14 . ná raibh a donn-dreach ag d.¤ , Gadelica 284 . See ib. 285 .

dorchaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorchaigid or dil.ie/18309

v (dorchae)

(a) Intrans. grows dark; is eclipsed: radorchaigh th' fholt indiú, TBC-LL¹ 3652 . ro-dhorchaid ┐ ro-forruamnig (of an animal), PH 7209 . mar rodorchaig in tene, LL 210b12 . ro-dorchaidsetar ar n-gnuisi, Mer. Uil. 106 . dorchaighit (-aidhit, MS.) na neoill, Aen. 102 . rodorchaid in grian, KMMisc. 144 § 3 . o rodhorchaigh an adhaigh, GJ iv 106 . acht co ndorchaiged agaid (= adaig) forru, SG 62.20 . do dhorchaidh gné an aoil | bheith re taoibh do chnis, 3 C 12, 42.11 . do dhorchuigh an ré, Keat. Poems 495 . Vn. iar ndorchugud a rosc, Alex. 28 . atá an taér . . . ag dorchughadh ` lowring ', Matthew xvi 3 . slighi gan dorcadugad, Lib. Flav. i 32rbz . iar ndorchogud F. after F.'s death, ZCP ix 466.13 (cf. dorchad).

(b) Trans. darkens, makes dark: dar an rígh . . . do dorchaigh anocht mo niamh, Ériu i 97.22 . rondorchaig éc anapaig, Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 26 . in t-ēg gor dhorchaid a dreach , BB 61a29 . dorchuidhid síad a naighthe, Matthew vi 16 . an néall . . . do dhorchuigh tlacht na cathrach caoimhe, Keat. Poems 1575 . Reflex. co rosdorchaig grian the sun darkened, PH 675 . Vn. dobered . . . crē uime do dorchugud a datha, Lec. 442b38 . arna tīsad diamrugud (no dorcugudh, St.) dia timthaigib na rígmac dirtying , TBC-LL¹ 573 . dims (the sight): da caiter hi . . . dorcaidhi an radharc, 23 O 23, 21a2 . doníd . . . nél air (i.e. the cornea) ┐ dorchaidhidh in radarc, 3 C 19, 104va4 . dorchuidhthear a súile iondus nach bhfaicfid, Psalms lxix 23 .

Fig. obscures: tabhar th'aire nach dorchuigheann . . . sin ar meas air phais ar ttigherna, Luc. Fid. 221.9 . is fusa an ghrian do mhúchadh iona an Eagluis do dhorchughadh, Eochairsg. 13.15 (perh. intrans.). Clouds, depresses: imdugud lenna deirg noch dorchaidhus ┐ buaidrius na spirta, 23 F 19, 17vb5 . lionn dub . . . ag dorchugad na hanma, 3 C 19, 77vb11 .

1 drech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 drech or dil.ie/18592

Forms: drecha

n ā, f.

(a) face, countenance: dreach .i. dealbh, O'Cl. drech curad, FB § 46 . duairc, doer . . . a d.¤ , SR 939 . dofich ruithen serci ina dreich, IT i 310.25 . in gelchrecht hi ndreich na cumaile (= in fronte ancillae), Lat. Lives 60 . is dāna d.¤ Doimīne | iter ōcu, Corm. Y 488 . ar cōime a ghnūse, ar sercaide a dreiche, ZCP iii 230.20 . d.¤ fa gili inā gach gruadh, vii 304 § 9 . beith co doichlech . . . millid a delb is a d.¤ , ACL iii 221.22 . soillsi dreiche, doirche rúin, ML 110.15 . dorat sigin croiche ina dreich, PH 2338 . isat cara iar ndreich ┐ deilb, cen co-p ed iar fhír a friend in face and form, 3099 . a druim fria diumsachaib | a dreach fria dedblenaib (of Deity), Lec. 344b38 . a aindir is míne dreach , Oss. vi 6.4 . a thriar brathar as dearg dreach , Atlantis iv 130.34 . a chuirp chriadh as dorcha dreach , A. Ó Dálaigh xl 7 . frons arida . . . .i. in dreach no in aiged tirim, 23 P 10, 2a . pl. drecha dáine, Metr. Dinds. iii 10 . triar . . . nachasella duine-tairesseathar fri an theora drecha éitchi, BDD² 1264 . Dondchad macc Domnaill na nd.¤ looks (?), Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 24 . Note also: ō tarcuib for doman (sic leg.) dreich appeared , ZCP x 47 § 24 (cf. do-fócaib cenn).

(b) Of things, places, face, front; surface: lotar co dreich inn atha (bis zum Angesicht, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1160 . ar comair drechi in dúnaid, TFerbe 85 . fuath fir . . . uas dreich charpait, TBC-I¹ 2524 = as droich, TBC-LL¹ 3322 . dobertis fordorchu dar dreich éscai, CCath. 3942 . dreach na sgiath, 3 C 13, 642.8 . rí rodelb dreich domuin duinn, SR 2637 . im dreich talman, 6510 . do dreich an talman suas co nēllaib nimi, RC xxviii 310 § 1 . for tul dreiche in talman, Laws i 66.5 ; cf. TTr.² 855 , Hugh Roe 314.4 . rolínsat dreich na fairge, TTr.² 858 .

(c) In prep. phrase folld. by gen.: ar (for) dreich in front of: comla . . . ar dreich cach doruis, SR 409 . co mbitis ar d[r]eich Parduis, 1124 = for dreich P., MacCarthy 50.6 . tair-siu . . . form dreich-sea fodéin, LU 3892 ( SCC § 40 ). ar dreath siublaigh `angesichts eines Wanderers', ZCP xiii 227.6 . fo dreich under the eyes (direction, care) of: tabar lett mathi Lochlainne . . . corop fa dreich ríg Lochlainne ecairther in tech, CRR § 12 . mucca Drebrinne fo dreich | ingine Echach Feidlich `under the protection of', (Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . ro ergidar ┐ iadsat . . . fa dreich nDomhnaill, MR 120.4 . rígraid Cera fád dhreich nduind, Hy Fiach. 290.17 . fri dreich in front of, in sight of: fri dreich Adaim, MacCarthy 50.6 . dréchtfaid an dub[t]halam | re dreich na daimt[h]einedh, ZCP viii 212.2 . cath Febal re d.¤ in meic-se, Lec. 597a32 . nochar deis ē le dreich nDē it was not fitting in the sight of God, ZCP vii 304 § 7 . i ndreich = ar d.¤ : titul fil i nd.¤ ind lipuir-si, Hib. Min. 1 .

(d) Hence by synecdoche for the whole person: 'con chnuc, fo scíth crech claidbech, | fríth a d.¤ do dianairlech, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 . guidhim Dia rodealb mo dreach , ZCP ix 486 § 8 . is inmain le Día gach d.¤ , Laud 615, 15 . noemdrech do Gaedelach holy one (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 217 § 2 . a dhreach dhéadla, Gadelica 239.16 .

Hence person (almost = nech): cindas berass Ísu breith | for dreich na derna maith, LL 7488 . gébas Ailech . . . acht dréch rosfoid ní fitir nech coich na cia none save God knows who shall occupy A., 182a21 . Eochocán . . . d.¤ don bunad nár báeth, 141a8 . as gránna an dreach ghréachfas, ML 124.3 . By extens. kind, race: do dílgeand na dreichi duineatai, BB 236a7 . See 3 drech.

Compds.

(a) Common in unstable composition with adjj. -faced, of . . . aspect, appearance . ¤álaind: sochraide chloinne dreach-áille, CRR 82.11 . ¤beo: mac Donnchaidh drechbhi, Todd Nenn. 284 . ¤búan: roscar fri dennmais ndrechbuain her constant beauty of hue, SG ii 473.13 . coic bliadna dec drechbuana, Rawl. 163b35 . ¤dathach: dorais dangni drechdathacha, LL 227a25 . ¤derg: Dairbre d., Metr. Dinds. ii 46 . a meic drechdeirg, TBC-LL¹ 4027 . ¤dess: Mag nG. d. fair of surface (facing south?), Lec. 63b13 . ¤donn: Dauid d., SR 6610 . ¤dub: tar glenntaib drechduba, SG 265.19 . ¤dúaibsech of grim aspect (of troops), MR 222.26 . ¤ḟerda: co n-ilar ndrong ndrechferdha, BB 353b25 . ¤garg, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 . ¤lethan broad-faced , TBC-LL¹ 1715 . ¤mas: duine d.¤ , fair of face, ZCP vi 267 § 3 . domun d., Trip. ii 530.18 ( LL 130b35 ). ¤mór, Metr. Dinds. iii 92.14 . don Dágda dreachmhór, Duan. F. i 35.z . ¤nár: mic Néill N. dreachnāir, Ériu v 86.4 . ¤núi: di ṡleig Dáire deirg d. fresh-faced , Metr. Dinds. iii 134 . ¤réid: re lind Diarmata drechréidh smooth-faced , Ériu ii 168.74 . ¤rúad: Domhnall drechruaidh, Todd Nenn. 282 . in doman drechruadh, BB 7b23 ; Ériu iv 174.10 . ¤ṡlemon: druim nd. smooth-surfaced , Metr. Dinds. ii 46.9 . ¤ṡoillsigthe with illumined countenance, radiant: delbchomartha drechshollsigthi na diadhachta (of the sun), MR 114.8 . ¤ṡolus: buiden drechsolus, TBC-LL¹ 5497 (St.). dā oclach dathāille drechsoillsi, 5457 (St.). cloidhem drechsolus, 5453 (St.). ima arm dét ndrechsolus, TBC-I¹ 1913 .

(b) With subst.: ¤dath complexion: ri drechdathaib na fer cáem, LL 239b16 . ¤ongdás: cona d. . . . fria cend ` face-band (?)', MacCongl. 89.22 .

? 3 drech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 3 drech or dil.ie/18594

ind noí misa do boin sceo duine d.¤ .i. dreach in duine. Is ben an innus cedna, O'Curry 1431 ( H 3.18 641a ) = noi misa do boin sceo duine daer, 633 (306) . sceo duine d.¤ .i. d.¤ in duine is ben. Cinnas sin? Dar linne is sceo duine duine adrac is dilis and .i. ben dia fagabar iubaili, 634 (306) . See 1 drech (d).

édána

Cite this: eDIL s.v. édána or dil.ie/19676

adj (neg. of 1 dánae)

I Not bold, timid, timorous; modest, gentle: niptar heclaig edana, BB 435a27 . is aire sam étana | ni fess nach ḟorm bus rǽna, LL 296b12 = SG 363.2 . edána eoin mara | ar muigh nach mar thrága, O'Gr. Cat. 487.14 = Ir. Monthly 1921, 288 . ro iarfaigset don abb...co hanband edana, PH 584 . mé ar Mac nDé éadána as m'ulc timid towards the Son of God because of my sins Dán Dé ii 27 . x 27 . TD 22a12 . Ériu ix 163 § 10 . ní chuirfinn acht mar charaid | locht id leith... | acht bheith ort go héadána would deal with you gently Content. vii 18 . dreach édána `gentle countenance' Studies 1921, 589 . d'ḟurḟuighlibh éadána, TD 39.9 . tréad is éadána ar ḟilidh most modest (i.e. respectful) towards a poet 42.3 .

II To be feared, avoided: ba hedana leis taeb fri Ciaran arna aimrer roime `he being shy of trusting to C.' LB 273a56 = SG 52 .

fliuchaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fliuchaid or dil.ie/22320

Forms: rotfliuchus

v ā (fliuch) wets: ni ḟliuchaim ... gid mo adbrunnu TBC-LL¹ 1307 . topur roflíuchadh ... uili dreach ín talman, BB 16a12 . rotfliuchus I have wet you Triads 104 . fliuchthar folt in D. ... i tondaib in trom-thuile, Metr. Dinds. iii 208 = Acall. 3847 . clúmh an bhrait ... nar fhliuch an lá doininne, PBocht 20.27 . dā tī ferthain fliuchbuidir [ = —fuitir (:cuitig)] if a shower come they will be wetted LB 108b72 ( GJ v 41 ).

1 glám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 glám or dil.ie/25963
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f.

I Abstract

(a) satire, a lampoon, a censure : glām ... ab eo quod est clamor .i. escaine, Corm. Y 695 . indsa glām de doiduine, 450 . glam gér .i. ainmedh i t' agaid ┐ ecnairc, O'Dav. 1430 . Aer ocus Aithis ... Glam ocus Griss ocus Goirturiathar (fictitious names), Anecd. ii 63.1 . Cf. RC xxiv 280.19 . trí gáire dimbuaid do ḟlaith: gāir glám dia guin ... `the shout of satires to wound him,' Ériu ix 46 § 10 . da saoradh ar ghuth na glaimhe sin, BNnÉ 163 § 30 . glāime gonadh, ACL iii 297 § 50 . fa ma roluinne fria ngrōmadh | gusnaib glāmaibh ? 294 § 3 . dreach Mhogha fá ghrís ghlámha, ML 144.19 . trí drude denma glam ngér, LU 10547 . rosnesart co nglamaib ainmhechaibh, BB 368a27 . Glám dícenn (dígenn) an extempore satire, a kind of metrical malediction, which was believed to produce a blemish or blister on the face of the person satirised, see RC xx 421. For the manner of its composition see IT iii 96 - 7 ; Manners and Customs ii 216 seq . Each class of poets had its proper glám dícenn, see RC xii 120 - 1 ; IT iii loc. cit. It was composed in the metre of the `laíd': laid ... no leódh .i. gerradh ... ar is fuirre dogníther in glamh digind, O'D. 1202 ( H 2.15A, p. 81b ). IT iii 96 § 155 . dognī Nēide glām ṅdicend dō, co toralæ teoræ bulgæ for a grūaidibh, Corm. Y 698 . ar con derntáis téor(a) ǽra ... ┐ teora glamma dícend, go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 3019 . in glaim dicend .i. in tuba n-ainme no in lesanmad, Laws i 240.20 Comm. tri ruighlis ollamhan filidh .i. glám diginn ┐ glas gabháil ┐ tobach do tuathaib, O'D. 1196 ( H 2.15A, p. 79b ). glamfa iman nglaim ndigend, Laws iii 92.12 . ┐ in glam diccind, v 234.8 Comm. g s. ro fhoslaic D. a bél do denamh gláimhe díginn d'Aedh, BNnÉ 37 § 66 . na glaime dicinde, RC xii 307 - 8 ; xx 421.16 . filidh dia n-āir ┐ glāim n-dícind, MacCongl. 45.z . See further RC xii 90 § 115 ; xxiv 278 . LL 187b10 . LB 238(c)b21 . O'Curry 2134 - 6 .

Compds. ¤aithisach reviling: goirt-bhriathra gera glám-aithisecha geoin, MR 124.2 . ¤gabáilche: fallscadh glam-gabailchi Aibartaich, BB 259a4 = YBL 178b48 .

(b) outcry, clamour:

(1) of persons: atá sunn cen nach ngláim ṅglé | eter da láim th'inginé, SR 5995 . bae in ri, fo glámaib gne | do dálaib a aisliṅgthe (of Pharaoh's dream), 3277 . cen gláma gné, 263 . fri glamma gné, 6383 .

(2) of animals and things: ba samalta ri gláim con allmaraig barking, yelping , LL 266b18 ( MU² 611 ). Gláimh (name of a dog), Oss. iv 210.6 . As vn.: ag gláimh goláin gac[h] neóin (of dogs), Oss. iv 174.6 . cluig ag gláimh 's ag beícidh dinning, iii 260.2 .

Compd. ag glamghoil gach maidin (of a dog), iv 174.19 . See also gloimm.

II Of persons, usu. pl., a satirist: fáitte Medb na drúith ┐ na glámma ┐ na crúadgressa, TBC-LL¹ 3017 . Cf. 1737 . glámma ┐ cliara, RC xiv 412 § 25 . glamha gruaide, SG 28.8 ; 27.37 . a foirghneamha forslaicthe ar chinn cliar ocus coinneamh, greas ocus glamh, MR 102.z . a scold: glámh garbh-ghothach greadhnach grod-fhoclach, TSh. 6626 . In late texts used like `dám' of a company or group of people in general: ris an ngláim nglifidhigh, nglonnmair `by that howling, furious crew,' Cog. 114.24 . dream nach diultadh gláimh uim aisce, Ó Bruad. ii 52.7 . With defining gen. : glāim gilla ūasail a satirical youngster, MacCongl. 87.4 .

maigister, maigistir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maigister, maigistir or dil.ie/31317

Forms: magistir, magister, mágistrech, maighistir, mhaigis-tir, -dreach, maighisdre, -acha, magisder, maigister, maigistir

n m. (Lat. magister) In Glosses always an o-st., quantity of vowel not indicated. In Mid.Ir. n s. magistir appears beside magister, becoming later the standard form, and is freq. treated as gutt. st. (g s. mágistrech, LU 2316 , scribe H). maighistir, IGT Dec. § 33 , g s. an mhaigis-tir, -dreach , n p. na maighisdre, -acha .

Corresponds in various meanings to Lat. magister. magisder (gl. magister), Ir. Gl. 365. maigister (gl. rector), 1099 .

(a) esp. a teacher (general sense in earlier texts): gabit don magistir they take the place of a teacher, Ml. 38a8 . irbága . . . eter desciplu . . . óentu immurgu eter a magistru, Wb. 7d10 . maigistar do deisgipal, Laws i 36.23 . dligid magister sogaire, LL 345d23 = maigistir , Anecd. iii 14. fuil déde mín-magistir, écse uagh [leg. uadh?], ecna umal, ZCP iv 468 § 13. ro chretsitar dia magister .i. do Ísu, PH 5125. cen a maigistir oc a forcetul, 6724 . ro cuiritt saoithe ┐ maighistreacha do theaccascc eccna, Cog. 138.21 . imat maigistrech ag teacusc, Fl. Earls 180.33 . sgol-mhaighisdir, Eg. Gl. 498. Often a professional (clerical) title: Sillán maigistir . . . abb Maighe Bile, Gorm. Oct. 21 gl. 3 . Mael-Petair hUa C. maighistir Rosacomain master (of the school) of R., AU ii 292.6 . maighister Sdiamna O B., airdespuc Caisil, 398.9 . Cf. iii 77 n. 13 . Maoleóin ua C. . . . ar ttecht thairis (.i. tar muir) ina mhaighistir, AFM iii 306.5 . maigistir leighinn, AU ii 282.8 . maigister saer ` master-wright' (of a monk), ib. 5 = ard-maighistir saoir mainistre na Buille `chief master of the carpenters', AFM iii 252. 21 . do Mhaighistir na mbreath (i.e. Peter Lombard, Magister Sententiarum), TSh. 3150.

(b) a master, lord, owner, etc. toil ar máigistrech-ne .i. Lúcifer, PH 8143. máigister na míled, 1230 . ba hiat-so a lucht fógnuma oc denum a thempuil .i. .xxx. míle mog . . . ┐ iii míle magister three thousand overseers, LB 130b55 . maighisdir na luinge, Acts xxvii 11 . maigistir an stápla, Fl. Earls 90.13 . aithnigh . . . an t-assal mainséur a mhaighisdir, Isaiah i 3.

oll

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oll or dil.ie/33804
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: óll

adj o,ā. great, ample ; cognate with ol `beyond', cf. ind-oll, gl. ultra, Sg. 220a6 (see 1 ol). The primary sense seems that of extension (gl. Lat. amplus, Ml. 20a3 , 92a9 ), but it is widely used to denote magnitude in general, of size, quantity, degree, etc. In positive degree not common as pred., and as attrib. used more often before the subst. forming a compd. than after it. Very common in compar., where the orig. sense of transcending a certain limit (size, number, etc.) often comes out. óll, gl. [requiem] amplam, Ml. 20a3 . oll gach ní as mór, Metr. Gl. Ff. 6. oll .i. mor, O'Dav. 1314. O'Cl. ionann o.¤ is mór, Keat. ii 2114. With pred.: ? is o.¤ ar nert, TBC-LL¹ 3280 (= is ald ar nirt a rock in strength, TBC-LL¹ 5383 ). o.¤ a sāith don ord ḟiledh | tar gach gcined d'ḟōir fuinidh (i.e. they above any other tribe of Ireland gave ample bounty to the poets), Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 92 § 14 . senchas nad o.¤ , Rawl. 88b25 . ba holl cuirp big of body, BNnÉ 328 § 59. As attrib.: scabel oll a great cauldron, Laws i 134.1 Comm. cubat n-oll, Auraic. 5664 . tarlaic Oscur irchur n-oll a far cast, IT i 158.5 ( LL 154b1 ). fo tuinn uill ūire the vast surface of the earth, ZCP vi 265 § 19. pl. ada olla `great privileges', Metr. Dinds. iii 18.233 . allmaire set .i. na seta olla morda, Laws v 412.30 Comm. (etym. gl.). bá-sa inón bíasta n-oll, LU 2999.

Of persons prob. in fig. sense: Aed oll fri andud n-āne `great at kindling of radiance', Thes. ii 295.2 ( SP v 1 ). ben Ádhaimh uill, Ériu iii 148 § 1. fīr gach Goidil glan-uill, ACL iii 303 § 4 . pl. airigh uill, Keat. i 222.42 (poem). errid uill, ZCP xi 108 § 4. tuarustal tri n-uirrigh n-oll, ZCP viii 116 § 14 . imon caocca n-inghen n-oll, Leb. Gab.(i) i 12.17 . ic rígaib allib hErend `noble', Metr. Dinds. iii 170.52 (for form cf. ii 78.12 ). (with prosthetic f) in fer foll, Fen. 226.15 (see Stokes Metr. Gl. p. 100 ). Prob. fig. also in follg.: fon eclais n-uill, BColm. 98.31 . i nhErind uill, LL 8b18 .

Used as subst.: dar o.¤ in mara `the great surface of sea', Laws i 142.12 Comm. , cf. O'Dav. 501 and 927 (gl. allmuire in all cases). cathchris . . . ó chond a lessi co holl a ochsaille (i.e. from hip to shoulder), LL 189a47 , cf. cathchriss . . . co tiug a oxaille, TBC-LL¹ 2562.

As adv.: intí ro charus co holl whom I greatly loved, SCC 45 ( LU 3997 ). co holl, Metr. Dinds. iii 428.29 .

compar. huilliu oínsillaib, gl. supra syllabam, Sg. 70a6 . is huilliu in trocaire oldatae ar n-airilltin-ni (= merita excedens nostra), Ml. 131a6 . nicon ru-accobras ní bed uilliu indaas rond-boí m'ingnae (= quae mediocritatis meae modulum excederent), 136b7 . it uilliu inna mmai[ni] . . . indatae in dánai, 43d18 . oillu oldate cóic cét fer (plus quam quingentis), Wb. 13b2 . ochtmoga taighi no ni is uilliu eighty houses or more, AU ii 140.11 , cf. 126.20 . cúicc cētt no ní as uille dona Gallaibh, AFM iii 26.4 . ní bai for Affraic . . . ri bad uilliu ferann inās who had more territory, CCath. 3017. Folld. by partitive DE: ni bed uilliu . . . di fochaid any more tribulation, Ml. 54b30 . ni dingenta-sa ní budh uilli do goil thou wouldst do no more feats of valour, ZCP vi 34.5 . With prosthetic f: ni fulliu serc a mmac la doíne . . . andas do serc-so lim-sa, LU 1680 ( RC ix 456.11 ). airimh is fuilliu anda coit, Auraic. 1452 = is uille, 3063 . uilliu fit na n-opreoire the workmen's ration is larger, ZCP xiii 27.24 (fuilliu v.l.). With -de: uilliti he in dā sreith do bet[h] air `longer from having two parts', Laws i 138.35 Comm. co mbad ḟuillite a gráin, Metr. Dinds. iv 328.20 ( LL 193b2 ). As adv.: cor pianad he ni bud ulli oldait a braithre, PH 6648. na ro thraetha nech a chorp andaas is uilliu téchta more than is meet, 5978 . bí ar mo chuid ní as uille ná mar iarrmuid beyond what I ask, Dán Dé i 3.

superl. ? rí tuathe, . . . rí, rígruire . . . ollom huas cach cóe highest, ZCP v 499 § 8. in chuid rob uilli d'Ard Macha, RC xviii 13.15 . aonfher rob uille nert a nErinn, ZCP xiii 199.17 . dreach is uille bladh `mightiest in fame', Studies 1921, 589 § 10 . Adv. do shaor-chlannuibh Gaoidheal . . . do bhiodh anas uille ara n-aire do ionchoimheud (whose records) they were most solicitous to preserve, MS. Mat. 581.39 (D. MacFirbisigh).

Compds.

(a) with subst. in sense vast, great , occas. forming a stable compd.: ¤alt: mathe fer n-Ol n-écmacht n-ollalt `of great adventures', Arch. Hib. ii 74 § 56 ( LL 184a55 ), cf. cona ollaltaib, LU 4333. ¤ār .i. ár oll .i. ár mór, O'Cl. (etym. gl. on river-name Ollar). ¤arbhar .i. sluagh mór, O'Cl. (gl. on river-name Ollarbha). ¤athach .i. naimhdheanus mór, O'Cl. ¤athair, sobriquet of the Dagda: Eochaid Ollathair, Cóir Anm. 151. Eochu O., LL 127b3 . ¤band `great exploit', Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 22 ( LL 182b48 ). ¤bairdne (one of the four divi- sions of `bairdne'), IT iii 6.17 (-bairdni), 23.10 . ¤bine `great crime', RC xv 294.18 ( Dinds. 5 , explanation of name Inber n-Ailbine). ¤blad great fame : gním fri o., SR 3323. co n-ollbladaib, 459 . ós Elga ollblaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.26 . ¤breccad (name of a metre), IT iii 76 § 41. ¤bríg, SCC 41 ( LU 3904 ). ¤chéssad `great suffering', Fél. Dec. 2. ¤chóiced a great fifth , (a) one of the major provinces of Ireland (common and stereotyped): cethri ollchoíceda Hérend, CRR 3. oc c(r)ethri ollchoecedaib Herend, LU 3437 ( SCC 21 ). opair cethri ollchoiced ṅhErenn, TBC-LL¹ 122. (b) the fifth day of the moon? mar ēsca 'na ollchuigeadh, MR 186.26 ; cf. 106.14 . ¤chosnam great contention: bó fri hUlath n-ollchosnam, Studia Celtica Upsaliensia ii 61 § 6 (Conailla Medb míchuru) . ¤c[h]uma `great carnage', CF 776. ¤dam a great ox: of a hero, Rawl. 116c14 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17.5 , where Meyer emends: Ollam, taking it as npr. ¤dám a great company: mór in o. óenmuicce, Metr. Dinds. iv 196.24 (i.e. great was the company which assembled to feast on a single pig), cf. IT i 109.8 and ZCP ii 37.8 . ¤domun the great world: foth slóig olldomuin 'the equivalent of the host of the great world' Ériu lii 76, 83 . sīr methraī oldomun, Corp. Gen. 2 (Rawl. 115 a 33) . oldomun crīch Crothomuin, ibid. (Rawl. 115 a 47) . ¤geis: secht n-ailgeasa . . . .i. secht n-ollgeisi major prohibitions, Laws v 352.2 . ¤grád, SR 628 (of a rank of the celestial hierarchy). Mannasse milib olgrád, 4446 . Maolumha ind ollgráidh `of great dignity', AFM i 250 (poem). ¤gus, Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 18 ( LL 182b40 ). ¤imbresan: g p. uall ollimresan, SCC 41 ( LU 3904 ). ¤maisse great beauty: for dath n-órda n-o., BDD 100 e . ¤muir, Fél. Feb. 17. ¤nia .i. trēnfer, Lism. L. 317.20 . ¤oígi a great guest or visitor : ollaighe boi at' urbruinde, Ériu i 122.26 (hymn to the Virgin Mary). ¤piast: oillphiast, TSh. 6622. ódchí an oilphéisd, TD i 36 (see note ii 193 ). ¤trían a great third (cf. ollchoíced): o. Gaedel `the third part and upwards of the Gaels', MR 186.16 . go n-o. in ríghthoighe, Ériu viii 135.12 .

(b) with adj., with advbl. force: ¤adbal: delg . . . olladbol, BDD 100 g. i n-aonach olladbul, TBC-LL¹ 5449 St. ¤asndisse declared emphatically (gl. emphaticus), Ml. 40b7 . ¤brass: os inis . . . ocēin ollbrais, Anecd. i 55 § 39. ¤étig, LL 27b45 . ¤forbthe: āirim o. `a quite perfect number', Auraic. 1447 (distinguished from á. anforbthe ┐ á. forbthe) = nuimir oullforpthi, 3056 . ¤gorm: for Eithni n-ollghuirm, IT iii 72 § 28 = Bruchst. i § 40 (`die glorreiche E.'). macc Echach ollguirm `brilliant', Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 20 ( LL 182b44 ). ¤mass `exceeding fair', Metr. Dinds. ii 66.9 . cosin n-aeb ollmais, LL 288 marg. inf. ¤mór ( ¤már): rí co n-allodaib ol[l]már, SR 6762 . la sluagh n-ollmár, ACL iii 298 § 66. ¤múad: ar buide n-Iuda n-ollmúad, SR 6574.

(c) adj. derived from noun compounded with oll: ¤bladach: Oisín o., Acall. 740. coiced o. Ulad, 2817 . Ulaid ollbladacha, TBC-LL¹ 1032. ¤brígach: ind o. (of Emer), FB 68. ¤buidnech possessing great troops: Comar o. na tri n-uisci, Acall. 2629. ¤chruthach: Una Ollchruthach, The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 229 . ¤dóitech big-fisted: g s m. (as sobriquet) Olldóitig [sic leg.], Metr. Dinds. iii 70.68 (see note). ¤gothach: Gede O., LL 128a6 ( MacCarthy 166 § 1 ), cf. Cóir Anm. 247. rigraid Ailig ollghothach, MR 188.1 .

(d) exceptionally with vb.: iathu Ailbhi ollghebhaidh `he shall mightily obtain', Leb. Cert. 202.9 ( BB 278a41 ).

rúamna, romna, rómna?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rúamna, romna, rómna? or dil.ie/35642
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: romna, rúamna

n name of some colour or colouring matter, a reddish, crimson (?) or russet hue: sléic ł ruamnae ł diol gl. lodix , Sg. 69 a 9 (Ériu xxxiii 163). romna aīs .i. līas ┐ buideta the hue of age , Corm. Y 1101 = ruamni, LB. romnae, Bodl. romna ais .i. buidhe ┐ léithe, O'Cl. romna n-aeís, Rawl. 112b21 (acc.) tug datha for etaige . . . .i. rúamna dearga ┐ corcra, LL 16b23 ( Manners and Customs iii 88 ). romna .i. dath . . . romna righ . . . .i. dath for étach in righ .i. corcair, O'Dav. 1380 . romna rossa `reddening a countenance' (by satire), RC xxvi 22 § 55 (ruamna, romnad v.ll.). dobhēradh d'ēicsibh uado | ar omhan rūamna rosa (= for fear of being satirized). Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 21 . ruamna dreach .i. sug in rois doní ruamna na ndrech, Auraic. 5645 (kenning for `ruis', the elder-tree, in Ogham the letter R). ruamna ruice ruis .i. trom, 1193 (the elder). tresim ruamna .i. straif . . . ar isin straif is tresiu ruamna ic dathadh na raet, 5563 . fri ruamna rús `the reddening of his face', Laws iv 348 y Comm. fuche [= fuiche] a fuco .i. ón ruamnae .i. ara minco [= minci, meinci] imdergtair, O'Mulc. 551 . rūamna gormga red gleam of dark blue spears , Bruchst. i § 26 ( IT iii 13 § 25 ). and dogníth rúamna dia thríath `there was caused bloodshed', Metr. Dinds. ii 22 . ruamna gais, iii 450 (see v 139 ), cf. dā hūa Roäich rūamna gass, ZCP viii 217 § 10 . rí rúamna buden who reddens troops (with blood )? LU 3743 ( SCC 34 ). Buti co rath rúamnai cloth `with grace of fame', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.13 (lit. of colouring i.e. blazoning fame? ). romna roiscne (.i. fordorchad indsce), Anecd. v 26.6 . nip rannaire rúamnae góe let him not deal out coloured (specious) falsehood , ZCP xi 83 § 30 . In cheville: dia ros-fuc, ruamna cen lén, | dar sruth n-uarda nIordanen, SR 7339 . As sobriquet: Lughaidh Rúamna . . . ro ba ruiste rúamanta L. ón chomhrag, Cóir Anm. 199 . ? As adj. pred.: as ruaimne in ruici do M. a dā fer dēc do mharbadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 647 n. 4 (St.) = is rúad in rucce, TBC-LL¹ 4536 .

2 scairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 scairt or dil.ie/36287

n f. cry, shout : as granna an dreach ghréachfas | 'na sgairt uathmhair oraibh, ML 124.4 . sgairt i bhfalach ná gráin ghliaidh, | gáir bhratach ná dath ar dhúil, | omhan as uirre níor léir a sudden (lit. hidden) shout (descr. of a steady horse), Measgra D. 15.25 . ó's tú is gairbhe uaill-gháir bhinn | chum sgarta ma's teacht don námhaid `to warn us of the approach of the enemy', Oss. iv 72.4 .

seng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. seng or dil.ie/37139
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: seang

adj o, ā bean ṡeang, IGT Decl. § 59 .

I

(a) narrow, thin, slender : seṅg cech segda isin Duil Feda Móir, Corm. Bodl. p. 44 . seang .i. séimh no beag, O'Cl. sliocht peinne caoile cuirre | seinge naoidhe nemthruime, Ériu v 62.140 . glés pinne . . . singe, IGT Decl. ex. 1451 . lann thana í dtruailleabaidh sheíng, L. Cl. A. B. 98.151 . fáilte uaim dod mhalaigh mhín | rer samhail snátha seang sróill, DDána 19.9 .

Freq. of persons slender, lissom, graceful : Colmán saergel sengsa, Gorm. June 26 . Nathí trenṡeṅg, LL 132b4 . silblad Chonaire chaemṡeiṅg, LL 17a49 . fri ríg roṡ.¤ ruiss, 208b49 . ó sduaigh ṡing bhogḟoltaigh Bhreagh `the slender soft-haired hero of Bregia', TD 8.13 . doccmnaib suarca saera senga, Cog. 42.16 . ráith . . na sídhingen s.¤ `a rath of gentle lissome women', O'Gr. Cat. 474.17 . ba hé fiallach s.¤ subach (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10 § 11 . cuire seang do uaisligh ionn `the graceful band which ennobled us', Aithd. D. 34.13 . in uair thiced in sluag s.¤ | co h-aenach Tailltenn . . ., SG 100.12 . géabhaidh don droing ṡuilbhir ṡingse, TD 16.29 . ba giligtir snechto . . . a toeb s.¤ seta, IT i 120.4 . thin, shrunken : cuma lium cid seang mo brū, ZCP x 42.10 . gidh seang ón aoine an chlí chuil, DDána 55.6 . geil-chneas seang nar thruaill toirrcheas, Aithd. D. 85.8 . As adv. do chaith co s.¤ a saegal she spent her life as a virgin (of the Blessed Virgin), Irish Texts iv 4.8 . Compar. fa singe an fear ná caol con, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 4 . Of animals: ar ilar a set seṅgg `for the multitude of its slender kine', RC xx 42.24 (ACC). for echaib sengaib, LU 5505 (TBC). sebuic . . . sairshenga `graceful', Cog. 160.22 . a gcoin ṡeanga, TD 19.18 . laoich na ngreagh soidhéinmhe seang `sleek', 2.25 . do-chí an fionnchrodh soiléir seang | i dtiomchol oiléin Éireann `the bright sleek fair herd', 31.22 . tú an nathair sheang, TSh. 2122 . Of a stream, the sea: failet ann srotha sengga | do cheniul cach coemlenna, SR 497 . dar tuinn sruthra sáile sing, SG 366.9 (= LL 298a9 ). imba sessoch, im ba s.¤ | im ba tressach folingg tond, ZCP x 46 § 9 . d'Albain na sreabh seang `A. of the shallow streams', TD 24.3 . Of land: fá'n dtír chuirr shaeirealaigh sheing, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 354.y .

(b) metaph. Of music: andsin dochantais don tṡlúag | ceol seṅg sírechtach sir-búan `shrill', Metr. Dinds. iv 352.18 . Of a composition: ata sund seanchas suairc seang | is maith lé fearaibh Eirind `smooth', Leb. Cert. 224.17 . is de atā in sen-fhoc[al] s.¤ | doc[h]ualadar fir Ēirend, ML² 160 .

(c) of time long : seang a thost os cudh a cín `long his silence over his book' (B. na f.), ZCP iii 378.10 . seang .i. fada, ib. 381 . naoi mbliadhna seasgad . . . | ┐ naoi gcéad do bhliadhnaibh, | is é sin an saoghal seang | tugadh do Mhatusalem, Keat. i 136.5 . .xl. lathe lansheṅg | do ruacht in sathe seímṡeṅg | ina mbairc ria ndeilm ṅdílend | gabsat áit hi rend hErend, LL 5b14 . Of distance: long? cid ara nderna in snám seang | in fer maith Hierusalem?, ZCP iv 236 § 16 .

(d) metaph. lean, meagre, confined, restricted : a Christ . . . | . . . | nirop seṅg do thabairt dam `let not thy deliverance be slender to me', Trip. ii 540 § 58 . ni s.¤ a brig os cach bla, SR 867 . baile bithsheang a mbi brath | ise in tifearnn ichtarach, BB 36a4 . da ndechaind isin saogal s.¤ | do bérainn tres re leigend `if I were to return to the meagre world', ZCP x 32.25 . acht cid maith in ceard gaiscid | bec tuillim is mór naistir | betha bithsh.¤ beidhther de | do gabar iffern aiste narrow subsistence?, SG 52.4 . Common in chevilles: atú-sa sund, ni seól sæṅg, TBC-LL¹ 3194 . coindmed mís m'oenur, sid s.¤ | uaim doib ria nUltaib Herenn, RC xx 42.z (ACC).

II As subst. (a): seang m., IGT Decl. § 63 . the act of becoming thin; a thin, graceful person : na gneithi sin gan at, gan thsh.¤ , Irish Texts v 4.8 . seang san Aoine is [eadh nach] dú | an naoidhe 's an bhean ga mbia fasting on Friday, DDána 42.27 . an seang dreach-nuaidhe ó Dhúrlas (Thomas Earl of Ormond), Content. xxix 33 . ? cotarith lūath | Lugaid fri s.¤ sedlach, | rōë dar fot[h]re | fortach fri Sedrach, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 40 § 9 .

(b) ant: feraid seng saidbir sáith 'the ant fetches a rich sufficiency' Ériu xxii 42 § 5 .

Compds.

(a) with nouns: ¤airecht: dá cheannoigheacht bhídh tre bhioth | don tseangoireacht mhín Mhuimhnioch `the comely assembly of Munstermen', TD 31.37 . ¤bas graceful palm : seangbhas ghlainghríobhdha (of a person), Aithd. D. 72.1 . ¤ben a graceful woman : grádh na seangbhan mboilidh mbinn, TD 25.38 . ¤blén slender groin : Suibhne an seingbhlén-sa, BS 45 . ¤fhlaith a graceful lord : da seangfhlaithibh saoirmhíne, Irish Texts iv 58.68 . ¤fhuil: bláth póir ṡeangḟuile Ṡadhbha, | ceannuighe óir ealadhna `flower of the stock of S.'s noble blood', TD 31.40 . ¤mér a slender finger : bean sheingmhéar is cíogh gcorrbhán, Aithd. D. 87.7 . ¤sháith: a seang saith doibh di `a bare sufficiency of it', Laws ii 150.1 Comm . ¤Shatharn used of Holy Saturday: dīa hāine dīdine | d'Īsa fo dochraigi | is de an s. | sāethrach fa sech, ZCP viii 206 § 36 . Cf. Panuhél puirt Dé | dom dín ar cech ndruing | for theidm Sathairn seing, perh. here a reference to doomsday, day of judgement, KMMisc. 255 § 14 . ¤shlúag: luibh díona na sé seangshluagh, Aithd. D. 87.7 . ¤thaeb: alaind in senud seṅg-thaeb | cuiri cend-caem dar clochan, Metr. Dinds. iv 342.43 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤bán graceful and fair : nír bo cliti in sengban sean (of a man), BB 52b36 . ¤clíabach slender-framed: is seirgthe seang-chliabhach a bhíd, Tribes of Irel. 68.11 . ¤donn: re mac inghini Anna | . . . | go g[c]eanglom ar cēill 's ar ccond | risin rēidh seangdann ṡūlchorr, ZCP xii 367 § 6 . ¤fhaebrach tapering : troigh sheangfhaobhrach do mhear mé, Dánta Gr. 28.11 . ¤gel: fear eich ṡeinggil ṡídhe, DDána 98.32 . ¤druin slender and shrewd: Sibuan s., Gorm. Feb. 18 . ¤mín slender and smooth : la Fiac[h]na sóid s., Gorm. Mar. 30 . ¤óg slender and perfect : Gallenic saer s., Jan. 28 . ¤remar: cneas seingreamhar ar snuadh tonn `supple plump flesh', TD 40.5 . salchruinn síthamail s. (of a woman), Stair Erc. 511 .

soirb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soirb or dil.ie/38369

adj i ( su-ṡrib, Wortk. 135 ).

(a) easy, smooth, pleasant : tri insci redi (? leg. réid, Edd.) ┐ s.¤ `through speech plain and easy', Ml. 51c11 . amal as s.¤ lat tairciud cech lathi in digaid alaili `as it is easy with Thee to bring every day after another', 111a5 . is íat lucht díarbo s.¤ in sét sain, aes óige, LU 2158 (FA). bá soirbh [a] slighe doibh go dul do Roim, BNnÉ 7.20 . robtur athlumha . . . a longa ┐ bá soirbh a stiúradh, CCath. 1974 . doigh nirbho soirph comhrac re Coin cCulainn, ZCP x 281.30 . an tí darab soirbh an saoghal lé saidhbhreas, TSh. 9942 . tig uadha le hintinn soirbh, DDána 31.15 . gidh soirbh dhuitse dul ar neamh, Maguires of F. 62.29 . As personal epithet: nis batar mná soirbe soíre `there were no charming noble wives', Todd Nenn. 250.5 . dreach shoirbh, DDána 83.21 . Equative: amal as s.¤ donaib broinidib in cocnam síc is soirbidir sin forndengatsom inni bis fua mmam, Ml. 75b7 . soirbithir sin do dia, 120d5 . Compar. is soirbiu dano du chumachtae dæ a denum, 74b14 . a[s] soirbiu gl. uolubiliorem, Sg. 16a4 . is soirbhe sin iona dul i mBreathnaibh da thóraidheacht, Keat. ii 4340 . Superl. amal as ned as soirbem `as it is that that is easiest', Ml. 56a13 . go bhfuil ar na daoinip is onoraighe shoirbhe . . . isin cristaigheacht, Fl. Earls 180.24 . Adv. adhbhar egla, an saoghal d'fhaghail dognath go soirbh, Parrth. Anma 72.23 . bás cháigh do ghabháil chuige go soirbh cheerfully, TSh. 8591 .

(b) auspicious, favourable : da tecmadh comadh soirbh dó in bliadan sin ina consulacht, CCath. 75 . go bhfuil blodh dib co s.¤ (of the stars), Ir. Astr. Tr. 70.13 . ní cás soirbh, DDána 21.13 .

subach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. subach or dil.ie/39132

adj o, ā (subae) cheerful, merry, happy : issa síd sóer s.¤ `happy', Fél. Apr. 2 . ainm s.¤ , Apr. 10 (cheville). rod dúsci suan slán s.¤ , LU 3593 ( SCC 30 ). gur'bhat subaigh sobrónaigh uili iat, Acall. 2303 . nirdar subaig sámaig . . . acht rapsat dubaig, TBC-LL¹ 3242 . fa subhaig a senóraigh, Ériu iv 116 § 24 . indus co mba s.¤ forbailid do in cech dú, PH 4293 . subaig imorro do'n fhirínde = in ueritate respirans (of the charitable), 5926 . in tan fa s.¤ somenmnach sinn, Fianaig. 58.24 . cluicheda suarca subacha (funeral games), TTebe 2183 . cid at sēg[d]a seang s.¤ (to the body), ZCP vi 265 § 25 . ann sin ro ba s.¤ sinn, SG 108.22 . dá leacain shubhaigh, Studies 1921, 418.7 . dreach shubhach, DDána 109.24 . subhach suilbir, Stair Erc. 676 . ócc, saor, s.¤ `jolly' (laetificantia), Rosa Angl. 130.18 . beith s.¤ no failid gairechtach, 332.14 . co subhach furbhfhailidh i ngach aen-ni, Smaointe B. Chr. 1562 . do bhádur subhach aige, Gen. xliii 34 .

Adv. co s.¤ ┐ co forbáelid, LU 2241 ( FA 31 ). co s.¤ somenmnach, PH 76 . tic . . . amach | . . . go s.¤ `merrily', Ériu iv 118 § 33 . déanadh go subhach síol Ádhaimh let A.'s race be joyful, DDána 17.1 .

As subst.: girbho chomraicthi da sh.¤ . . . ra pa (da) scarthain da n-dubach . . . a scarthain an encounter of two happy men, TBC-LL¹ 3713 . ? tor m-Bregoin assaide in s.¤ | forsa suided (sic leg.) `his delightful seat', Todd Nenn. 240.1 ( LL 134a25 ).

See also s.v. súcach.

1 tais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tais or dil.ie/39821

adj i cf. Stokes, Celtic Declension p. 33.

(a) damp, moist: ? im thuaim taiss, Metr. Dinds. iii 366.3 . fo thalmain t.¤ `under the damp earth,' 456.81 . secht tes teinedh talman t.¤ , RC xxviii 314.21 . a seantruim th.¤ talmhaidhe, Studies 1918, 281 § 12 . a Uilleag an airm th.¤ `of the dripping sword,' Aithd. D. 40.25 . ar clochaibh fuara fíor-taisi, BNnÉ 233.26 .

(b) soft, smooth . Frequ. of hair: fá' chéibh tt.¤ , Manners and Customs iii 154.y . a Aodh an fhuilt th.¤ , Ir. Monthly, 1928, 607 § 6 . don bharrúrth.¤ , TD 1.33 . Of other parts of the body: a bhruinne bhánt.¤ , TD 12.12 . Of places: an learg th.¤ , TD 11.5 . an tír thiormarsaidh th.¤ , 17.20 . Note also: cona cruas .i. narub t.¤ (of grain paid as fine, perh. moist ), Laws iv 94.16 Comm. don órchuanna thiormghlain th.¤ (of the Cross), DDána 54.2 . Superl. taobh as taise clúmh, DDána 8.6 .

(c) gentle, kind, easy: le labhra t.¤ , Content. xii 4 . briatharth.¤ , TD 41.17 . do ní t.¤ don tighearna ` softens ,' PBocht 19.5 . éag na gríbhe nár ghríbh t.¤ `who was no tame griffin,' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 376.3 . t.¤ re a thiorthachaibh, AFM vi 2236.4 . níor th.¤ a ndéagsain don dáimh too much for the poets was that sight, DDána 102.33 . ó Sliabh Cúa, ní turus t.¤ | riccim, BS 120.13 . Superl. dreach ... ba thaise le fíorbhocht, ITS iii 198.10 .

(d) Hence in unfavourable sense weak, feeble, spiritless, timid: narbat timtheirc t.¤ `forage mercilessly,' KMMisc. 262.1 . cen tíam-gestal t.¤ `by no feeble forceless work,' Metr. Dinds. iii 260.15 . nír th.¤ a treoir, BB 25a13 = Keat. i 170.y . re Tadg na ttachur nemth.¤ , ZCP xiii 19.15 . gen gor-th.¤ da eneoch though it was no diminishing of his reputation, TTebe 28 93. t.¤ an tabhach unprofitable was the exaction (Maedóc gives fraudulent beggars their own clothes, which they had hidden), BNnÉ 240 § 175 . a-támaid go t.¤ | dár namhaid `I am too complaisant with my foe,' PBocht 5.13 . gidh t.¤ domh-sa `though I am loath (?),' Content. xxii 23 and note.

Various: ni taiss ar richt reim n-ellach | dar na tarla slicht slinned, LL 193b47 . chum aifrinn nach racha ... | ní taise dho le halmsa he is just as bad about giving alms, Ó Bruad. iii 182.7 . Cf. Dinneen .

Compds. sróll taisgreanta, IGT Decl. ex. 1227 . cnes taisshlím `smooth soft skin,' O'Gr. Cat. 472.25.