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druí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. druí or dil.ie/18853
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: druï, draí, dro, drúid, drái, druäd, druïd, dráid, drui, druïd, drui, druith, drúith, druïd, druid, draid, druíde, draíde, draigthe, drúide, druäd, druïdib, drudib, draídib, drúide, drúdi, draoi, draoithe, ndruadh, ndraoithe, druadha, draoithe, draí, drúad, druad, draoi, drúth, drúithib, Druith, druad, Druadh, Druaidh

n d, m. Orig. druï, and disyll. in early poetry, cf. SR 3849 , 3858 . See GOI 43 , ZCP xi 276 , O'Brien, Ériu xi 169 . Later draí. dro, Celt. Rev. iv 112.22 . drúid, IT i 129.31 (Eg.); Lat. Lives 9.1 ; PH 1728 , 1737 . v s. drái, PH 1811 . g s. druäd (druad). d s. druïd (druíd). don dráid , PH 2122 . dia drui , IT i 129.27 . a s. druïd (druíd). drui, IT i 129.17 . n du. da druith , Wb. 30c17 . in da drúith , Ériu iii 140.185 . n p. druïd (druíd). in druid , SR 8339 . draid, PH 7059 . Later druíde ( drúidi, TBC-LL¹ 4545 ), draíde. draigthe, Ériu iii 160 § 13 (B. of Fermoy). v p. drúide, TBC-LL¹ 596 . g p. druäd (druad). d p. druïdib (druídib). drudib, LU 3452 ( SCC § 23 ). draídib. a p. drúide; drúdi, LU 4026 ( SCC § 48 ). In later lang. draoi, pl. draoithe; the older forms, esp. gs. and gp., persist in poetry and are oft. used in juxtaposition with the later, apparently without difference of meaning: na ndruadh . . . na ndraoithe , Keat. Poems 798 , 800 ; druadha ┐ draoithe , O'Rah. xx 5 (1911) . draí m., IGT Decl. § 85 .

(a) In older lit. usually in techn. sense druid: Cathbad d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1070 . Cathbadh caomhdhraoi, 5489 (St.). co ndigsed d'acallaim a druad d'iarfaigid fessa ┐ fástini de, 191 . drúidi ┐ fádi ┐ fissidi fer nErend, 4545 . geis don ríg labrad rena druidib, 4725 (cf. TBC-I¹ 2989 , MU² 235 ). Mainchenn druid do Brettnuib, IT iii 240.156 . breitemain ┐ druid (classed as `daernemed' persons), Laws v 90.20 , with gloss .i. doniat in feth fia no in [ḟ]aisdinecht, 27 . a druid fri Lóegaire tichtu Phatraic ní ceiltis, Hy. ii 21 . amail rusgellsad draide ┐ degfāidi, RC xiii 222.10 . rotecht druidhe ┐ tinchitlidi doairchaintis trena ndruidecht, Lat. Lives 2.4 . fri brichtu ban ┐ gobann ┐ druad, Hy. vii 54 ( Thes. ii 357 ). tri druid Dagda, Ériu vii 221.5 . draoi ré hiodhbarta do dhéanamh ┐ ré tuar maitheasa nó uilc don chrích, Keat. ii 5332 (in Christian times replaced by an `anmchara', 5345 ). Distinguished from `corrguinigh', RC xii 90 (the latter bewitched the bodily functions of the hostile warriors, the `druíd' induced natural phenomena). They appear among the damned on Doomsday, SR 8339 . Attrib. g s. and g p.: do thonach drúad-su thy druid's tunic, Trip.² 586 . gaeth druad , Lec. 28b6 ; Leb. Gab.(i) 256.4 . erbe druad, AU 560 (see 1 airbe). bandrúi druidess: Bais bandruadh (one of the `aés síde'), ZCP viii 104.23 . tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = di (leg. tri) drúid ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767 (LU). bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 .

(b) magician, wizard or diviner in general, oft. used of equivalent of the druid in non-Celtic peoples. In religious lit. d.¤ corresponds to Lat. magus: dogéna sáibfirtu . . . amal dondrigensat druid triitsom (of Antichrist), Wb. 26a20 . ticdis a ndrúide ┐ a n-óga coisecartha (of heathens), PH 335 . soebforcetul Simóin in druad, 1736 . drai Cruithnech, Lec. 31a7 . seisear demnach druadh (of Picts), Todd Nenn. 144 . da druith aegeptacdi, Wb. 30c17 , cf. SR 3849 . na druidhe egeptaca, Laws i 20.21 Comm. na dráide Indecdai (of the Magi), PH 2838 , cf. 6931 , 7050 . in rétla resna drūithibh | o hiart[h]ur domain, ZCP v 25 § 13 ; Ériu ii 198.20 ; TSh. 7683 . draide farsaide ` magicians of the Pharisees' (rather doctors, wise men ), PH 2256 . faidhis Cublay a draidhe uadha dia fhis in soinmigi no doinmhigi nobhiath dó, Marco P. 58 . Applied by heathens to Christian thaumaturgists: no démnigitís co mba drái Petar, PH 1738 . rocreit don dráid robris ar n-ídlu (of Bartholomew), 2122 . ? In cheville: derb druad, SR 6777 . In good sense: is e mo drai Crist mac De, Misc. Arch. Soc. i 6.2 . is é mo drái ní méra | mac Dé, SG 79.24 . draoi a charmer , Eg. Gl. 369 . guth na ndruagh the voice of the charmers, Psalms lviii 5 . Transf. of a wren (?): drúi donn, K. and H. 26 (for the wren's association with divination see dreän).

Somet. confused with drúth jester: tánic in drúth . . . i n-uch[t] in druad, ZCP iii 218 § 37 . Cf. Metr. Dinds. i 26.178 , where drúithib is coupled with furseoirib in some MSS.; ZCP iii 262.30 : a tri druid (drude, LU 10547 ) dēnmo glām ngēr (leg. druith ?); xiii 350 where gen. Druith Cosalaig, l 3 = in druad , 1.5 .

(c) In mod. lit. esp. poetry usually poet, learned man: primh-drūith ┐ primh-ollamh Connacht, AFM 1067 . Néidhe draoi, Keat. Poems 116 . grianán dáimhe is draoithe, 1483 ; cf. 757 . Ériu iv 56.62 , Content. xxv 6 , O'Rah. xx 5 , Hackett xix 26 .

As n.pr. m. g s. mic Druadh , ITS xv 45.18 = m. Druaidh [Druagh, v.l.], 22.30 . In n.loc.: bellum Ratho in druadh, AU 595 . ? tri Duib Druad, TBC-I¹ 3512 .

Compd. druaghfhile, 3 C 13, 597.14 . fo-ceird in druígoba[e] hUilc hAiche cóic cresa imdegla[e] fair 'the druid-smith' The Heroic Biography of Cormac mac Airt 121.56 .

1 úaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úaine or dil.ie/42643
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Uain

adj green, verdant, P. O'C. : Of fields, hills, etc. : saphiro .i. huane, uiridis color , Études Celt. xxii 211 § 47 . an t-achadh uaine (: uaidhe), TD 11.5 . a chnuic uaine an ḟeoir bharr-chlaoin, Ir. Monthly 1919, 170 § 35 ( DDána p. 195 ), coillti úaine, KMMisc. 168 § 3 . crobuing derg ar duillib corcra | ar choilltibh uaine ..., 174 § 28 . lurgain chráobh n-úaine um Ailldin, IGT, Decl. ex. 253 . rug a craísech chráebh n-úaine | taísech úaine a táebh thóire, ex. 1205 . Inis Glúaire ... | an ḟeadha úaine áluinn, ex. 1257 . san lubhghort (lúbhgort, MS) úaine áluinn, Ériu viii 195 § 2 . sruth na Máighe magh n-uaine, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 42 . Of estuaries, rivers, etc. blue or green : téid an inghean uaidhe féin | go hinbhear uaine an oiléin, TD 20.19 . ón tSionainn bhreacdhuinn uaine, Studies 1929, 593.3 . mil fan gcongal ... | ag donnadh sreabh n-uaine a húir, TD 29.31 . Of places: Caiseal u.¤ ordhuirc, TD 5.10 . In descriptions of people, of the eye : a rosg uaine `gray,' TD 1.39 . ruisg uaine 'na n-aoibhlibh corcra `her gray eyes flash crimson,' 29.37 . a Réamoinn an roisc uaine, Ó Bruad. ii 144.9 . súil chochlach uaine aga `blue,' Studies 1925, 64.24 . Of an eyelash : abhra uaine, Studies 1930, 439.3 . Of clothes, armour etc.: brat úaine, LU 3286 . in mnaí bruit úani, 3336 ( SCC 8 ; 13 ), bean bhroit úaine ..., IGT, Decl. ex. 1587 . sdiom úaine, KMMisc. 170 § 13 . tucsait ... a ssicir srol sita ... iter scarloit is uani, Cog. 78.21 . fear eich sheing-ghil ... | agus eirridh uaine `green armour,' Ir. Monthly 1921, 291.32 ( DDána p. 329 ). seol u.¤ , ITS xxiv 4.10 . Aed in errid uaine, FDG 381 = MR 48.13 . Of blades : crích leomhuin na lann [n]uaini, Ériu iv 220 § 34 . Of a wound : an loit úaine nó dearg, Levit. xiii 49 (= `greenish' AV). Of drinking-horns: miodh cuill i gcornaibh uaine, Ir. Monthly 1919, 226.21 ( DDána p. 332 ). do-bheirid beanna uaine | teas a ngnúis uí ghealGhuaire, Studies 1925, 64.21 . In descr. of animals, etc.: Of a duck's head: sgor seng ar srathaibh na Múaidhe | lachain chenn n-úaine ar gach n-áth green-headed ducks , IGT, Decl. ex. 1009 ( KMMisc. 172 § 25 ). ceithre cosa uainne faoi (of a tame ram), Feis Tighe Chonáin 509 . Of a wall or rampart : mur n-uaine cen chess im-mach, SR 349 . Cf. mur do glain huaine, 347 . Of ice blue (?): lachain i lláib snechta | ac snám oighridh uaine, O'Gr. Cat. 487 = Ir. Monthly 1921, 288 ( DDána p. 325 ). Of stars (here fig. of eyes): dá réatlainn uaine oghradhta, DDána 114.15 (= Ir. Monthly 1920, 164 ).

As subst. f. green colour, greenness, something green: uaine, gorm, corcair ... laiss tuctha for etaighe, Lec. 20vb 26 = uane LL 16b z. do bhi druadha agus draoithe ann, ... | i n-a n-uaine, a mbuidhe agus a ngorm, O'Rah. xx 6 . of colour of the wind : Ri ro delb datha na ṅgaeth, ... in glass, ind uaine allmar, SR 58 (= Laws i 26.31 ). ind úani, in glass, SR 75 (= Laws i 28.1 ). As npr. f. Uain, Duan. F. i 27.31 . Cf. `Eng. wan hence Uaine the proper name of a man rendered Anthony and Ui Uaine the name of a tribe and territory in the Co. of Limerick,' P. O'C. (? cf. Uaithne, Onom.). lea-land : do lingeadar ... an dearg san uaine bhriosc, Ó Bruad. iii 168 .

Compds.: cráeb¤ : a rosg mear craobhuaine ceart, TD 41.5 . fér¤ : a Ráith ḟéaruaine Oiligh, 28.11 . folt¤ : fa chlár bhfaltuaine (: ghlacnuaidhe) bhFréamhann, 30.7 . rinn¤ : criostal an chriostail a guirm-ruisc rinn-uaine `tinged with green,' O'Rah. iv 2 . rosg¤ : a dheirg rai-ghill rosg-uaine, Ir. Monthly 1919, 566.36 ( DDána p. 341 ). sreb¤ : an mhuir ṡriobh-uaine ṡrothach (of the Red Sea), Ir. Monthly, 1919, 286.29 ( DDána p. 231 ). taeb¤ : ag Bóinn taobhuaine (: bhraonnuaidhe) Tailtean, TD 8.34 , seoid in talman taebuaine, FDG 423 ( MR 52 ).