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1 amlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amlaid or dil.ie/3145

 

later form of 1 samlaid.

(a) Frequently replacing O. Ir. amail with demonstr. (cf. O. Ir. amail ṡodain s.v. 1 suide, amal sin, PH 116 ), giving adv. phrase a.¤ sin, a.¤ so thus, so (both words being stressed in syll. verse: coimhéadaidh Aodh amhlaidh sain: Murbhaigh, DDána 75.6 ). The meaning varies between the literal in that (this) way and the more general thus, so, accordingly, then: blíadain don chúiciud a.¤ sin, MU² 29 . do rad min aire is amlaich sin cech día `so every day', Mon. Tall. 147.11 (§ 52) (is a.¤ perh. for samlaid, cf. cach [la] gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam is a.¤ canitir in pater gebesim i forciund cacha gabala, 140.4 ). co rochet . . . a.¤ sin tarsin nglend, LU 2154 ( FA 22 ) (amal sin, v.l., IT i 185.20 ). ni a.¤ sin ba-sa, TBC-LL¹ 49 . roḟata atám a.¤ -seo, 3549 . conid a.¤ sin fuair bas, RC xxiv 186.8 . mar theid . . . is amlaidh sin docuaid E., Stair Erc. 497 . an amhluidh sin remain in that posture, Parrth. Anma 4425 . in tan tra batar a n-oen inad a.¤ -sin, PH 15 . is ecen co n-icthar cech ní . . . a.¤ -so, 7538 . go ngialldaois dó amhlaidh sin, TSh. 3074 . In greeting: a.¤ sin a Mess Gegra, ar Conall. ató sund ar M., LL 13503 . a.¤ sin, ol in gilla. Is a.¤ eigin, ol si, RC xxiv 196.23 .

(b) Replacing O. Ir. samlaid thus, so: duine do thenid 's do thalmain / fuine deighḟir a.¤ hī, ACL iii 242 § 7 . dogentar a.¤ `so shall it be done', RC xxiv 200.23 . sechtmain . . . bói a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 7 . do marbhadh meisi led mharbhnaidh / marbhnadh deisi amhlaidh í, IGT Decl. ex. 582 . ionmhuin le Dia í amhlaidh, DDána 99.23 . Brought forward with copula: meise is amhlaidh do hionnarbadh, Dán Dé xvi 2 . an corp ní hamhlaidh do b'áil, xxiii 7 . amhlaidh budh fhearr gach itche, iv 28 . ní amlaidh do rála dhó `it did not so turn out for him', TFrag. 242.1 . Note also: amhail na eirghedh C. air, as amhlaidh ro eirghe M. . . . dó as C. would not rise against him, therefore, TFrag. 242.3 .

Hence as quasi-adj.: cian ó bhaois airrdhe amhlaidh such a sign, DDána 99.39 . díoth amhlaidh `many a like destruction', TD 18.29 .

With follg. explanatory clause: is a.¤ domel C. a ḟlaith: a trian ind lāi oc dēcsain na macraidi etc. this is how etc., TBC-I¹ 369 ( LU 4858 ). is a.¤ ro buí side Cú Ch. rotan-ail, MU² 166 . is a.¤ táncatar, cach briugu cona bantuilg etc., 195 . is a.¤ tra canithsom na salmu. Randaich (leg. rannaid, Ed.) cach caocad hi cethair `he sings the psalms as follows,' Mon. Tall. 139.9 . a.¤ itá in rí go rath / gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii 114.4 .

With .i.: is a.¤ dognithe in tarbfes sin .i. tarb find do marbad . . ., LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). is a.¤ so tra ro-foired . . . .i. téidm ┐ plaig . . ., PH 371 . is amlaidh ro buí C. .i. fodhmoir romor, Stair Erc. 762 .

With OCUS: is a.¤ dognítis sin ┐ a claidib fora slíastaib this is how they did that, with their swords etc., LU 3234 (sic MS. SCC 2 ). is a.¤ buí Cú Ch. ┐ comfhled mór ace, MU² 41 . is amlaidh do roine si in samugad sin . . . ┐ di cairigh a coraid ina laim, Laws iv 10.4 Comm. is amlaidh iarum ro geanair in mac sin ┐ duirb cecha lamha dó thus the boy was born, with a worm in each of his hands, RC vi 177.107 .

With CO N-: is a.¤ bui in chaillech comba duibithir gual cech n-alt . . ., RC xxiv 196.15 . amhlaidh chreidim . . . go dtibhre, Dán Dé xvi 6 . is amhloidh forcaomhnagair go ro taissealbadh, Fl. Earls 194.5 .

Occasionally indicating simultaneous action: is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ ro thogaib in libher `as he spoke he raised his club', Stair Erc. 806 . is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ tug ola neime di `as he said this he gave her a poisonous oil', 2286 . is amhlaidh adubhairt [┐ ?] tuc béim cloidhimh dh'A., SG 66.22 .

With virtual loss of meaning of a.¤ (as in spoken lang. Perh. also under some of preceding headings): ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria, IGT Introd. § 13 . is a.¤ tōgaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal, Fl. Earls 48.16 . is amlaidh ro bui in cathair sin . . . a nglinn `and that city was in a valley', Stair Erc. 772 .

Wrongly for amail: a coibne coir comarda .i. amlaidh ro coibindtigedh etc., Laws iv 40.2 (text and Comm.).

1 cuilche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cuilche or dil.ie/13500

 

n m. (hardly from Lat. pellicia, O'Rahilly, Celtica i 377 ) outer garment of skins (worn by monks), garment, covering: cuilchi ainm don brat ruáinnigh, ut est; fo chuilchi cruaidh frim dhá taebh, Ériu xiii 67.77 = cin ētiud mīn . . . / . . . / acht barrān beithe . . . / fo c[h]. c[h]rūaidh frim dā taob, ZCP x 45.23 . cobair fir a culchi chíar, LU 3053 . a chuilchi is a bla lin ` cloak ', Fél. 224.37 . a cuilchi máil mbic (the devil addresses a monk), 222.26 . foaid for leicc luim iarum / ┐ c.¤ fliuch immi, Thes. ii 315.6 ( Hy. ii 31 ) (`quilt'). cloch fó chind ┐ culchi fliuch imbi (= tunica pellicea), Lat. Lives 63.5 . is amne fuaratar B. ic figi chasil ┐ cuilchi fliuch imbe, LL 358 marg. sin. 28 . cuilciu fliuch torum coidchi, Fél. 90.2 . c.¤ .i. brat, no cochall, O'Cl. Of a bird's plumage: duibithir funchi fedil / culchi cach eóin imthemin, Metr. Dinds. iii 256.20 . In n. pr. m. mic Fir Cuilchi, Fél. 48.25 . See cuiligthe.

1 dega

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dega or dil.ie/15048

 

Forms: Dega, dóel, Dega, dega, dega, daig, dego, déga

n d. A certain black insect, probably a chafer or black-beetle , synonymous with doel according to old grammarians. Dega in early Mid.-Ir. gave way to dóel. In the phrase ` duibithir degaid' it is frequently confused with dethach `smoke,' so always in YBL.— For the n s. cf. 1 dega, Oss. v 262. 4 ; further the npr. Dega LL 205 b7 (not for Deda), and perhaps also the a s. dega in the old Eg. version of BDD.—Etymology by Stokes ZCP iii 468 , Ériu ii 152 , BDD voc.; but dega is hardly to be separated from daig, gen. dego `fire, pang.'

degaid .i. dael, H 3.18, p. 530 . deagha a chafer, a bug O'R. (from old grammarians). n s. finntar dega gan dubi (prov.), Oss. v 262. 4 . g s. muir dhub fo dhath deged (sic), Ériu ii 112. 15 (TBith., cf. fo dáil-dath, LL 261 b 1 ). dubithir re drommannaib dega, TTr. 1373 . a s. in the standing phrase duibithir degaid (syn. duibithir dáil, LU 90 b 2 ): súil d. degaid, BDD § 44 LU (v.l. dethaig YBL). vii maic imlesain bátar d. degaid, ib. § 58 (v.l. déga, Eg., dethaig YBL). cechtar a dá lurgan bátar d. degaid, ib. § 61 , D iv 2 (v.l. dega, Eg., dethaich YBL, d.¤ druim ndáil LU). duibithir degha cech ball díb, FDG 142 , Stowe MSS (YBL again deathaig). Ériu ii 122. 6 .

doélrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doélrad or dil.ie/17551

 

ind (doél): um fer as duibithir bran | no frisrodailed daelrad `(wie einer) über den Mistkäfer ausgegossen sind', ZCP xiii 256.22 .

druimne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. druimne or dil.ie/18865

 

n (druimm)

(a) back: duibithir d.¤ daeil, BDD § 2 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 5550 (St.), SG 251.18 . fria druimni dúile, ZCP iv 33.1 . for drumni daim, RC xxvi 28 § 112 . ní hécosmail aicnedh | dá eoch 's d'fior a dh.¤ his horse and him who backs him, O'Gr. Cat. 488.7 . crios do dhruimnibh an mhíl mhóir, Duan. F. 22.5 . Transf. of a stone cross: do cheathra d.¤ donna | leathna cuibhdhe codroma sides (faces), DDána 65.6 . ocht nd.¤ cacha flesci (of a rod used for Ogham inscriptions, cf. druim(m)), ZCP xiii 373.29 (but perh. in meaning sides ).

(b) elevation, ridge, hill: d.¤ a ndergthar gái (of Arran Isle), Acall. 341 . oen telach . . . nó nói ndrumni, Fél. 158.10 = nóe ndromanna, 9 ; .ix. nd.¤ , Fél.² cvii . im na trib druimnib . . . .i. Druim Classaigh, etc., Lec. 30b4 . buidhni bar[r]chasa | druimni duarcusa `stern ridges' (of serried ranks?), BS 100.4 . In n.loc. (for Druim) D.¤ Breg, ZCP iii 241 § 38 . See Hog. Onom. Extended applications: ós druimnib daire top of a wood, Metr. Dinds. iii 270 . co mbói in loch fo luimnib de | ina druimnib ridges, wavelets , 272 . ri rán rodluig riasin slúag | a druimni dogba dubrúad (of Red Sea?), SR 4046 . Of raised metal-work, etc.: claidem . . . cona mindruimnib mineccair do snāth óir imma urdorn, CCath. 4690 , cf. KMMisc. 170 § 12 . dergbocoit . . . co tuaghdruimnibh airgid fair, IT iii 186.5 .

(c) Fig. uses: Cuchuimne | rolēgh suithe co d.¤ | a l-leith n-aill . . . rolēici C. read knowledge up to the ridge (i.e. half-way through), AU 746 ; cf. AFM 742 , ZCP vi 2 . condaróis iar téchtu | inna dréchtu imm d.¤ until thou hast reached the end of thy studies, Imr. Brain i 52.22 . d.¤ súithe ` summit of learning ', name given to certain metres forming part of the last year's course for a bardic pupil, see Thurn. IT iii 119 . druimní suithe . . . atat da ernail furre, 96 § 150 . druimmne súidhe, 31 ; cf. 64 § 131 , 96 § 151 . Of a person: Crimthan . . . drumne dor milib (leg. d'órmílib?) molta, LL 45a22 , MS. Mat. 484 , RC xxxvi 262 § 1 .

dub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dub or dil.ie/18985
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dubh, duib, Dubchroin, Dubgaill, dublathi, dublocha, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib-, Dub-, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duibe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibinne, Dublachtnai, Dubdartaig, Duibduinig, Duibdunaigh, Duibsinaich, Dubslataigh, Duibchonna, Duibchonnaid, Duchormac, Dubinrecht, Dubanich, Duibcind, Duibcinn, Duibgind, Duibchruib, Dubchertain, Dubchon, Duibdeochain, Duibdiberg, Duibeoin, Duibedain, Dubgillai, Dubgoband, Dublaich, Dubloingsigh, Dubgosa, Dublitir, Dublitri, Dubluachair, Dubrind, Dubroith, Duibdirma, Duibdligid

I Adj. u (see GOI 227 ) black, swarthy; dark:

(a) In lit. sense: dubh gl. niger, Ir. Gl. 381 , 802 . Ethioip in datha derbduib, LL 136a14 . forollscad for ratha | comdar datha duibe, Metr. Dinds. iii 218 . in d.¤, in liath (colours of winds), SR 61 (cf. Laws i 26 ). in temen . . . eter duib ┐ corcair, 80 . abrait duib black eyelashes, TBC-I¹ 30 . folt d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5269 , 5424 . ech d.¤ , 3380 . cait duba, Laws i 152 Comm. di énlaithib dubuib (= graves aves), Lat. Lives 32 . dond ḟiuc[h] d.¤ , SR 2558 . uan . . . cen gaili nduib, 3902 . airnidhe dubha black sloes, BS 22 . demun d.¤ , SR 7773 . for demnu duba, 8320 . milidh duibh (dhubha, v.l.), RC xxxiv 320 . slog d.¤ dorcha (of devils), PH 8101 . teglach d.¤ dorcha, 8197 . il-luc d.¤ dorcha, Fél. Mar. 9 . tír nd.¤ ndóthide, FA § 21 . sruth usci duib dorchai, § 30 . for trágaib duba, SR 8068 . dubaib rathib rogemrid in the dark seasons of deep winter, Ériu vii 2 . fion dubh dark (i.e. red) wine , 23 A 4, 94.11 ; 95.1 . linn d.¤ black bile, melancholy (med.), O'Gr. Cat. 176 ; o imdughad lenna duibe, 23 P 10, 25a20 . Of persons, swarthy of complexion or blackhaired: Odba . . . in d.¤ dedblada[ch], BB 405a17 . na bāingela duba fair(-skinned) dark(-haired) women (?), ZCP viii 113.4 . Of a blind person: atú-sa mar bís dall d.¤ , ZCP vi 263 . As subst.: a d.¤ na sūl iris or pupil (?), 23 P 10, 88 .

(b) Fig. dark (in moral sense); dire, gloomy, melancholy: find cach cóir, d.¤ cach ndebaid, ACL iii 229 . do chosc do dimda buib thy black displeasure, Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . le scēl ndoilphi nd.¤ a false tale of woe, Lec. 608a16 . co d.¤ domenmnach truag, Cog. 62 . sonnach suairc nach dubh re deoraidh that has not black looks for the wanderer, Ó Bruad. iii 188 ( O'Gr. Cat. 555 ). rún nach d.¤ re saoghal séin `purpose prized by ages blessed thereby', Ó Bruad. ii 266 . na secht nduba Temrach .i. septem anni mali, ZCP xii 235 § 52 .

(c) In B. na f. great, expressing intensity; prob. an extension of (b) and common esp. as prefix: dubh .i. mór: d.¤ an fhuil-si .i. as mór an créchd.¤ , O'Cl. in dae sin cidh dubh (.i. mor) a ghlor though loud his noise, ZCP v 483 . ? biaid dano int ēsca lethumai iarthoir Macha .i. tāidlech ar crābud ┐ is d.¤ a riagol re tri fichtib mbliadna, ix 452 .

Equative: duibidir degaid, Ériu ii 122 . dubithir dethaig, BDD² 517 . duibithir druimne daeil, 22 ; TBC-LL¹ 5550 . dubithir ré drommannaib dega, LL 235b11 . duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . duibither fiaich, TBC-LL¹ 5634 . duibithir funchi fedil, Metr. Dinds. iii 256 , cf. O'Mulc. 540 . duibithir gual, RC xiii 5 . duibigther gual, xxiv 196 . duibhithior gual gabhonn, Keat. iii p. 379 . duibithir uibhli, Aisl. Tond. xiii 5 = comdubh re gual, p. 133 . Compar. duibi nā srath fuail cach gen, Lec. 347a47 . fá duibe iná gual a glúine, SG 251 . is duibhe a ngnúis ná gual, Lament. iv 8 .

II As subst. n., later o, m.

(a) black pigment, esp. ink: ó d.¤ gl. atramento, Wb. 15a10 . drochd.¤ , Sg. p. 217 (Thes. ii p. xxii). is tana a nd.¤ the ink is thin, Sg. p. 248b (ib.). iar n-airnechtain duib scripthar int psailim tria d.¤ after the invention of ink . . . with ink, Hib. Min. 243 . dubh scribind, Fél. p. 246 . doirtid a dig for duillinn | do d.¤ in chuilinn chnesglais ink made from holly, Laud 610, 615.55 , cf. Colmán duib Chuilinn, Fél. Nov. 24 and note p. 246 . penn bog gér ┐ d.¤ ruadh righin, O'Gr. Cat. 120 . adharc dhuibh an inkhorn , Eg. Gl. 650 . adeir Pól . . . nach le dubh do sgríobh í, Eochairsg. 14 . sgríobhadh ré pápéur ┐ ré dubh, 2 John 12 . olc sin, a dhuibh, TTr.² 875 (scribal note). ? Of a black liquid in general: mar attib . . . dig don rodub (roda, v.l.) rúamda, Metr. Dinds. iii 220 (see rota).

(b) gall: g s. duib gl. fellis, BCr. 35a3 ( Thes. ii 24 ). d.¤ ┐ mill na darach oak-gall (?) (prescription for a styptic), 23 P 10, 150va36 .

Note also: tucus ri toeb crīche, cia héraic bad mó | d.¤ dés is d.¤ tuinne, LL 147a50 `black of land (?) and black of wave', PRIA xix 553 , with note: `dub . . . has a proverbial or technical meaning, implying certain commodities, etc., exacted as tribute. Perhaps "doubtful or disputed portion", cf. dubfine'. Cf. Dub-thuinne below. d.¤ .i. duithir ( dawn?), Stowe Gl. 50 .

Compds.

I With adj. In dvandva compds.: dub-brecc dark and speckled , SR 2955 . folt dubchas black and curling , TBC-I¹ 3219 . More oft. as intens. prefix: ¤deróil: cliar drechach nár duibdereoil `dark and feeble' ( very feeble ?), RC xxiv 182 . ¤diamair, SG 307.23 . ¤grāna, KMMisc. 317 . ¤láidir: dōdlāmha dublaidire, CF 205 . ¤temen: muir ndubthemen, SR 909 . Esp. with adjj. of colour to denote a deep shade: ¤chorcur dark crimson gl. ferrugo (explained as color purpurae), Sg. 52a11 . do sciathaib dubc[h]orcra, Fianaig. 88 . ¤chrón; as n.pr. m. a Dubchroin , Hib. Min. p. 77 . hí Dubchroin, Lec. 349b38 . ¤derg dark red , TBC-I¹ 1916 . batir domna dubderga a dí shúil, LL 117b18 . ¤donn dark brown or dun: dubtonn, Thes. ii 236.13 . stéd dubdhonn, SG 269 . dercoin darach dubdhuinne, BS 130 . bratt don scarlóid dubhdhuinn, Anecd. i 76 . As n.pr. m., Metr. Dinds. iii 318 . ¤glas dark blue-grey, livid colour: dubglass gl. caeruleum, Sg. 70b12 . ech d., Acall. 3776 ; Anecd. i 12 . gabur d., ZCP iv 33 . broit dubglasa, TBC-I¹ 11 . co nathrachaib dubglasa, TTebe 524.322 . Hence dubglasaid turns livid: cia bānait ┐ dúbglasait do beoil, PH 8131 . ro bansat a n-aighthe ┐ a ngnúisi, ro dubhglassatar a mbeoil, CCath. 4632 . ¤gorm blue-black, intense black: ech d., Acall. 242 . adbai na ndoel ndúbgorm, PH 8256 . ¤lachtne dark tan-coloured: brat dublachtne, RC xiv 450 . dublactna, xiii 28 . As n.pr. m. Rawl. 150b35 . ¤líath dark grey . As subst.: ? bíaid dano in douibliath (duibliath, v.l.) doich anechde Loch Rí, ZCP ix 451 . ¤odar dark brown or dun: co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, RC xv 439 . As n.pr. m. Dubodor, Rawl. 159a24 . ¤ruad dark red , SR 4046 .

In adj. formed from nouns: ¤altach black-limbed (?): ag indarba deman ┐ d. bís (exorcista), Lec. 340b43 . ¤chestach. As sobriquet: Dáire D. of the dark questions, RC xvi 34 ( Dinds. 84 ). ¤chosach blackfooted . Name of a bird, Anecd. i 38 . As sobriquet, in D. Beinne Gulbain, SG 280 . As subst. o, m., name of a plant, black maidenhair (capillus Veneris), ACL i 326 . don dubhcosaigh , 329 . anmanna an dubhchosaigh, 23 K 42 339.9 . ¤détach black-toothed: as sobriquet, Fergus D., ZCP viii 327 . F. Duibhdhéadach, Keat. iv 294 . ¤ḟograch: muir mintonnach d. plaintive-sounding , RC xxiv 373 . ¤geltach melancholy-mad (downright m.?): glac duibgealtaigh gortaigh, IT iii 101 ( Bruchst. § 71 ). ¤gnúisech black-faced: daosgarshluagh dubh-ghnúiseach deamhan, TSh. 1975 . ¤gus-rúnach full of black crafty thoughts, CF 871 . ¤luirgnech black-shanked, -legged . Name of a horse, Acall. 270 . ¤nertach (intens.): for Daire ṅdian ṅd., LL 213b31 . ¤smúaintigthech: tiubrā dorcha dubhsmuaintigheach 'a dark, brooding, bushy brow', BDC 256.558 . ¤ṡúilech black-eyed: ni thuca in dubshúilig ndochoisc do not marry an intractable black-eyed woman, ZCP viii 112 . As sobriquet: in Findṡúilech et in Dubṡúlech, LL 327a33 . mac Taidhg Dubhsuiligh, AU 1496 (iii 406) .

II With nouns: ¤aba, ¤abann: teora dubaibne hÉrenn .i. Fubna, Torand ┐ Caland, LL 16b36 . tomaidm tri ndubabann, 17a19 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤adaig: i ndubaidchib dark nights, Laws ii 2 . ¤aigén abyss, deep ; goiridh an dubhaigén chum an dubhaigéin deep calleth unto deep, Psalms xlii 7 . ó dhuibhaighén na fairrge, lxviii 22 . Cf. duibecán. ¤aithech black churl (disparaging epithet): la borg d., FB § 71 . ¤alt dark spot, Ó Bruad. ii 166 . ¤áth: ic dubáthaib derg-Maisten black fords, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 ; see Hog. Onom. ¤broid: mo dhuithche fá mhogsain 's fá dhubh-bhroid dark bondage , O'Gr. Cat. 30 . ¤buidechair name of a disease (kind of jaundice?): a n-aghaidh an (sic) dubhbuidheachaire, 23 K 42, 384.1 . ¤chailech part of an axe: gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib, O'Dav. 532 . ¤chend lit. black-head, name of a sword; later (in poetic lang.) sword in general (later also ¤gin, ¤ginn, perh. through influence of gin sword-edge). a gabair is a dubcend (.i. a ech ┐ a chlaideb), LU 1037 . colg ┐ d.¤ duo nomina gladii , 1038 . is for rigaib focheird feit | indiu d. la Diarmeit, ZCP iii 214 ( LU 9674 ) = indiu in duibgen la D., SG 398 . a duibhginn (.i. a claidemh) ina deghsgib, ZCP v 489 (B. na f.). con duibciund (.i. cloidem) ina dagscip, LB 240a21 . duibhgeann .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. Also n.pr. m., see below. ¤cheo: duibnēll duibchiach, FB § 36 Eg. ¤chís: cáin, dubhchíos nó custum do chur orra tribute , Ezra vii 24 . fa duibhchíos, Proverbs xii 24 . ¤chlais n.loc. for D., Sc.M² 23 § 23 . ¤chrand: d. mór uaso (of a shaft or pillar?), BDD § 85 . ¤chrech: dubchrecha ┐ chnáim chrói `secret raids' (murderous raids?), Cáin Ad. § 46 . ¤doíre black bondage , SR 5286 . ¤dortad (intens.): forran na tond annuas ac d. forro, Aen. 247 . ar nd. don dīlinn, Anecd. i 26 . Cf. ara ndubdhortaibh dileann, CF 730 . ¤draic: tír nathrach is dubdrac, Rawl. 78b10 . ¤draigen blackthorn, sloe: airne dubhdroighin, Acall. 344 . ¤druim (intens.): dubhdhruim do chor ris an saidhbhreas to renounce altogether, TSh. 10097 . ¤dúnad: fōidis C. Loeg uad isin duibdunad co Fiacha . . . do chuindchid lēgi (apparently a camp distinct from that of the warriors), TBC-I¹ 2766 . ¤én crow or raven , O'Mulc. 310 (= fiach). elta d., RC xiv 416 . ealtada do dubenaib (sic leg.), ZCP x 298 . ¤étach: d'umhluighios a nduibhédach, Psalms xxxv 14 . ¤éthech: secip fethal foa tosar a ndubethech downright perjury , Ériu vii 156 . ¤ḟine one of the inferior divisions of the `fine tuaithe', Laws iv 282 follg. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 148 . ¤ḟocal obscure word: d. .i. da focal .i. focal ┐ focal solus, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18 415 -16); Lec. Gl. 565 . ? ¤ḟolach: dubithir leth d., IT i 310 ( LL 113b13 ). ¤ḟuath black hatred: robhaoi a d. go mór ga bhráithribh, TFrag. 170 . ¤ḟuil: lia dubhfhola, Acall. 1739 , 8002 . cairi dubḟola, MU² 730 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 4336 , TBC-I¹ 2810 ). ¤ga black spear (particularly in phrase fir dubga): dobebat flathi ria n-anflathaib la fursmalta fer ndubga[e] '(lawful) princes will perish before usurpers by the oppressions (?) of the men of the black spears', RC xxvi 38 § 191 (a portent of the end of the world). di sceo neimhe fer ndubgæ 'from the venomous clash of black-speared men', BDC 108.85 (of Connachta). flaith fer ndubgāi, ZCP ix 169.28 (of Vikings). See BDC 163 .​​ co nd. nduaibsech, MR 198 . ¤gait nefarious stealing: soiscela mor Coluimcille do d., AU 1006 = CS 1005 . ¤gall black foreigner, Dane (opp. to findg. Norwegian): Dubgoill do thecht do Áth Clíath, AFM 849 . na Dubgaill, LL 377a7 . Drochet Dubgaill (n.loc.), Cog. 184 . Also n.pr. m., Rawl. 154a17 . gen. mac Dubgaill , RC xviii 349 , etc.

¤gen(n)te (pl.) black heathens, Danes: tetacht dubgennti du Ath Cliath, AU 850 . tancatar Dubgenti Danarda, Cog. 229 (LL). Dainfhir ón Dania . . . is diobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte nó Dubhlochlonnaigh, Keat. iii 2456 .

¤glas ( ¤glais) dark stream or river: glorach for dubglais innocht, LL 298a21 ( SG 366 ). éicne dubglaisse duinne, SG 388 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤gentlidecht black heathenism: ni bia cretim acht duibgenntligecht hi tir nErenn, Trip. clxxxii ( LB 12a ). ¤guin (intens.): tucadar dubgona dluithi . . . ar a cheli, CF 129 . ? ¤gortus: ar a urrdhurcus, ar a ṡuilbere, ar a dubghortus, IT iii 92 . ¤greim (intens.): rug M. dubhghreim dian ar ubhall brághad ar S., PCT 1644 . ¤inis: i nduibinsib ind ociain, Lism. L. p. 354 ( LL 373d ). ¤lacht (pejorative): ar dhubhlacht duthain an domhnáin, TSh. 2287 . ¤laíd: Conall Cael rochanad d. `singer of a dark song', Arch. Hib. ii 71 . dubláidi dindsenchais `dark lays', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . ¤laith lit. black fluid or humour; melancholy: (g s. as adj.?) is dublathi díscir dian (of a person), MacCongl. 87 . dubhlaithe a ndeoid an domain, Harl. 5280, fo. 42a . ¤lén: an duibhlénsa this black sorrow, BS 92 . ¤lestar black vessel, name of a measure (?): dā dubhlestur deac do cormam (sic) i ndé sechtmuine (allowance of a monk), ZCP vi 271 . ¤lethar: scíath cona thugi dublethair, RC xiv 404 . ¤lia: d. fola, Acall. 6999 . ¤líath see above. ¤lind dark liquid: lónchore mór . . . d. uathmar and; mescthus béos isin duiblinn, BDD § 128 . black pool: ar dublind Brea, Dinds. 132 ( RC xvi 137 ). tar duiblinn imm Brae, ZCP iv 40 . As n.loc., name of rivers, later name of Áth Cliath Dublin: co Dublind Átha Cliath, Cog. 226 ( LL 309b19 ), LL 44b11 . Ámlaib . . . dagrí Dublindi, IT iii 15 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loch: cu glais Tamlachtae dublocho (= lacūs nigri), Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 238 ). pl. dublocha ifrind, RC xxvi 158 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loinges lit. black exile , esp. the band of Ulstermen who followed Fergus m. Roich to Connacht: toíssech don dúbhloingius la Fergus, Cóir Anm. 275 . tiaguit Connachtuid ┐ in dubluingius, RC x 226 . robris forsin dublongais, LL 44a17 . an dubhloingeas .i. an sluagh deoraidheachta dochuaidh lé Fearghus i gConnachtaibh, Keat. ii 3266 . Of an outlaw band in general: ar dteacht dubhloingis go Cruachain, 2034 . ¤luachat (intens.): ilar ṅdorcha ṅdubluachat, SR 904 . ilar na nd., RC iv 252 . ¤lochlonnach Dane (oppd. to findl. Norwegian), see gente above. ¤lus name of a herb used in med., ACL i 335 §§ 61 , 89 (prob. symphytum or comfrey , Germ. Schwarzwurz). ¤mind: mionnuighim dhíb fa na dhuibhmhionnaibh is dual damh black (i.e. solemn, awful?) halidoms, Maguires of F. § 62 (reliquary is called `in Dubhineach', § 63 ). ¤nél, SR 7418 . d. nemi, TFerbe 181 . eirach an duibhneóil írchra, Ériu i 103 § 65 . fo dhuibhnellaib, Lism. L. 2771 . ¤nóin: fuinsid anuad ó d. duinn, SG 366 . Cf. ó maidin co dubhnónaigh `black noon', i.e. midnight, Cog. 114 . ¤oenach `black assembly', a name given to the Fair of Tailtiu held by Donnchad s. of Flann Sionna, k. of Ireland (see AU 926 ): ō Patraic co d. Dondchada maic Mailsechlainn, Dinds. 99 ( RC xvi 50 ). co dubaenach nDonnchada meic Flainn, SG ii 469 . ¤raed: inmain andord tria d. dark wood, IT i 79 . ¤recht: fri dubrechtu gentliuchtae black laws of heathenry, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 357 ). ¤reclés name of Colum Cille's oratory at Derry, LB 237a3 . in dubreicles, AU ii 153 (` penitentiary '). teora bliadna bái cen lēss | Colum ina duibregless, RC xviii 160 ; BCC § 185 . do coir (leg. comair?) an duibreicléis, ib.; AU 1166 . ¤ mighty king: Finntan . . . Senach . . . Colman . . . tri dúibríg co ngliaid gaile, Fél. lii . ¤roén dark plain (?): ba bind mo dord dar dubráen, Imr. Brain ii 290 . black (crushing) defeat (?): rodosdedaig fo dubraen, SR 6550 . fo dubroenaib, 5558 . ¤rún dark design (?): dubrúin, TBC-I¹ 1692 . ¤rota dark pigment or liquid: do d. ┐ do gual, IT iii 191 . rofothraicit for dubrodae, Dinds. 46 ( RC xv 439 ). ¤sciath, TBC-I¹ 1795 . ¤ṡesra name of a measure, RC xv 439 ( Dinds. 46 ). ¤ṡín foul weather: nosdoirtend forro . . . in duib-sin ┐ dearrtan, Aen. 224 . la toidhecht na duibhshine geimhreta, Marco P. 36 . ? inna dubthíne, ZCP viii 313.2 . ¤ṡlán defiance, challenge: dubhshlán na Féinne fughat the F. defy thee, Oss. iv 136 . thug dubhṡlan fáoi defied, Eg. Gl. 356 . ó thug sé dúbhshlán shloigh Dé bhí defied the hosts, 1 Sam. xvii 36 . Later also dullán: do dhullan faoi I challenge you to do it, Luc. Fid. 311 ; 323 , 325 . ¤ṡluag: d. détla danarda, MR 184 . ¤ṡnechta: imat duibhshnecta teintidi `fiery dark snow', Ériu ii 136 . ¤thalam: dréchtfaid an dubh[th]alamh (sic leg. with v.l.), ZCP viii 212.1 . ¤thám: a ndul uli do dubthám that they should all die of black pestilence, Ériu iv 180 . ¤thír: as n.loc., see Hog. Onom. ¤threbtha `black husbandries' (pejor.), Triads 140 . -thredan black fast (lasting three days): co ndernsat dubthrédan, RC xii 436 . bliadan dubtredain cen dig cen biad cen cotlud, RC xv 489 . arra duibtredain, ib. ¤throscad black fast, keeping a black fast: dubthroscuth (= ieiunium atrum), Ériu vii 144 . do dubtroscad iar mór-chin, RC xv 488 . arra dubtroisct[h]e, 489 . ¤thuata: don dubhthuata ignorant layman, Eochairsg. 48 . ¤urla: each dub go nd. ndub black mane, ZCP viii 228 . As n.pr. m.: do sgur Í D., ib.

See also sections (c) and (d) under proper names below.

Dub in Proper Names. As n.pr. o, m. (allegor.): Dian ┐ D.¤ is Dothur, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . D.¤ ┐ Dobur ┐ Doirce, BB 35a10 . Common proper name: LL 322f64 , BB 149f19 , etc. gen. Duib pass. pl. tri Duib Imlig, TBC-I¹ 1484 ; 3512 ; cuig nDuibh, MR 290 . As f.: D.¤ ingen Roduib, Dinds. 26 ( RC xv 326 ). In phr. with Finn and Donn meaning a nobody : a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

Also in names of animals: in D.¤ Sainglend (a horse), FB § 31 , 43 . D.¤ Esa is Dubh thuinne | dá ech Aenghuis Angluinne, Acall. 276 . Dubh Chabhlaidh, Dubh Easa, IGT Decl. § 125 . D.¤ na Cat (name of a cat), BCC § 165 . Of bells: in d.¤ díglach (name of Caillín's bell), Fen. 412 . an D.¤ duaibsech (Colum Cille's bell), BCC § 132 . in d.¤ Temrach (Ruadán's bell), LB 260b29 ; YBL 136a26 .

Very frequent with (a) follg. qualifying adj. (b) dependent noun in gen. (c) in compounds with adj. (d) in compounds with nouns. In a number of cases it is difficult to decide the class to which a name belongs. Editors tend to print all names as compounds and in MSS. Duib- somet. replaces Dub- in genuine compounds even before non-palatal initials. In the follg. the correct form, in so far as it can be determined, has been restored silently.

(a) With qual. adj. D.¤ Daingen, BB 97d46 . gen. Duib Daingin, 98c30 . Duib Déin (gen.), SG ii 468 . D.¤ Dil, AU 1072 . Duib Duind (gen.), BB 73e52 . Duib Éitig (gen.), LL 339b15 ; BB 142e36 . Duib Feil (gen.), BB 138f8 , Fheil, LL 315a24 . Duib Leisc, Rawl. 155b24 (but Oengus Dublesc (?), 13 ). Duib Udair (gen.), BB 159a23 (see dubodar under ordinary compds.). Duib Ṡalaich (gen.), LL 323d39 . Duib Salaig, BB 186b6 = = Dubalaigh, 45 .

(b) With dependent noun in gen.: D.¤ Caille, LL 314a12 ; Rawl. 122a6 . D.¤ Cailli, BB 144a41 ; gen. Duib Chaille, 120a43 . Duib Chilli (gen.), Rawl. 89f3 . D.¤ Cluana, Anecd. i 42 ; gen. Duib Cluana, BB 126b20 = Duib Cluan, LL 313c39 . D.¤ Commair, Rawl. 142a42 ; SG ii 461 . Duib Chonnacht (gen.), Rawl. 129b11 . Duib Crích (gen.), BB 130a13 . Duib Cuan (gen.), BB 143d15 . D.¤ Cuili, BB 190b14 ; gen. Duib Chuili, 86d45 . D.¤ Daire (of the oakwood), LL 325b34 ; BB 70a35 ; gen. Duib Daire, LL 333c56 . D.¤ Dara (of the oak), LL 389a34 ; RC xviii 354 (Tig.). D.¤ Darach, Rawl. 146a47 ; BB 147a38 ; gen. Duib Darach, 114c8 . D.¤ Dísirt, LL 325h19 ; Rawl. 155a39 (Dissirt). D.¤ Díthrib, BB 131a3 ; gen. Duib Dithrib, Fianaig. 52 . Duib Dithruib, Rawl. 123a17 ; LL 314b51 . D.¤ Dothra (see Dothra), BB 91b29 ; gen. Duib Dothra, 91c22 ; Rawl. 145g28 . Duib Dubni (gen.), LL 253f60 . D.¤ Dúin, LL 326a14 ; Rawl. 153a27 ; gen. Duib Dúin, 42 . D.¤ Durlais, LL 325b31 ; D.¤ Daurlais, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Durluis, LL 340a18 ; Daurlais, Rawl. 159a28 . D.¤ Emna, AU 1053 ; LL 334a48 ; gen. Duib Emna, BB 113c9 . Duib Enaig (gen.), Rawl. 122b38 ; LL 314b13 . Duibh Esa (gen.), BB 72a25 ; Duib Essa (gen.), Rawl. 146c50 . As n.pr. f. gen. Duibhe Easa, Ériu v 64 . D.¤ Inse, Thes. ii 286.10 . Duibh Insi, AFM 814 ; indsi, 1032 ; gen. Duib Innse, BB 168a18 , ¤indse, 72b24 . ¤indsi, Rawl. 146d17 . D.¤ Lacha (f.), LL 330c61 ; BB 166a2 ; accus. Duib Lacha, 4 ; gen. Duibe Lacha, Imr. Brain i 58 ; Duibe lacho, Rawl. B. 512, 119a . D.¤ Lasra, Rawl. 151b29 . D.¤ Lenna, Rawl. 156a11 . D.¤ Lis, 127a20 . D.¤ Railbe, BB 115e14 ; AU 1130 ; gen. Duib Railbe, BB 76a14 . Dub Railbhe, 115e14 . D.¤ Rois, BB 155a19 , 182a4 ; D.¤ Ruis, 150b21 ; LL 190a9 ; gen. Duib Rois, BB 114f49 . Duib Sléibe (gen.), LL 340a50 , Rawl. 129b19 . D.¤ Sligi, BB 191a39 ; gen. Duib Sligi, 74c8 . Dubh Teamhrach inghean Bhriain, 3 C 13, 880.13 ; gen. Duibhe T., 884.4 . D.¤ Tíre, LL 327g2 , BB 149d24 ; gen. Duib Tire, 158b11 . Duib thuinne (gen.), LL 335h19 , Rawl. 161b48 . Duib Uindsenn (gen.), BB 72c8 ; Duibh Uinsenn (gen.), Rawl. 146d35 . Oft. folld. by gen. dual (see ZCP xiv 271 - 2 , xx 167-73 ): Dub Da Bairenn, Rawl. 117d53 ; Boirenn, LL 382c5 ; gen. Duib Da Bairenn, Rawl. 150a26 , b17 etc. (Davoren). Dub Da Barc, BB 147a34 ; gen. Duib D. B., 146d8 . D.¤ Da Braine, Rawl. 141b35 ; gen. Duib D. B., 159a24 . D.¤ Da Chell, LL 324c33 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 340a40 . Duib Da Colman (gen.), BB 144b4 ; Duib De (sic Facs.) Cholmáin (gen.), LL 324c59 . D.¤ Dá Chrich, LL 315a29 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 32 , Rawl. 91d37 . Duib Da Doss (gen.), Rawl. 159b31 . D.¤ Dá Inber, TFrag. 90 . D.¤ Da Letha, SR 2361 ; D.¤ D. Lethe, LL 42c44 ; D.¤ D. Lethi, 25b10 ; gen. Duib Da Lethi, LL 327e32 , Rawl. 146e20 ; D.¤ D. Leithe, 153b33 . D.¤ Da Muige, LL 328d45 ; gen. Duib Da Maige, Rawl. 160a32 . Duib Da Subne, (gen.), Rawl. 150a39 ; Dub De (sic Facs.) Subne (gen.), LL 326c8 . D.¤ Dá Thond, LL 317b44 ; gen. Duib D. Th., 341a45 . D.¤ Da Tuath, LL 381b25 ; gen. Duib Da Thuath, 33 , Rawl. 159a45 . D.¤ Da Thuile, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Da Thuili, 26 .

(c) In compds. with adj. Dubchroin (gen.), LL 313a22 . Dubfinn (f.), SG ii 487 . Duibinn, Cóir Anm. 62 ; gen. Duibinne, Duibne, ib. Dubgorm (Dub Gorm?), BB 104b48 . Dublachtna, LL 150b12 ; Rawl. 150b35 ; gen. Dublachtnai, LL 326i13 , Duiblachtnai, 337b46 (Dub Lachtna?). Dubóc, Rawl. 159a29 ; LL 340a11 ; BB 156a1 ; gen. id., LL 317a32 (Dub Óc? Dimin. of Dub?).

With adj. derived from nouns: Dubbronach, LL 318b12 . ¤dálach, Hy Fiach. 126 (family name). ¤dartach: gen. Dubdartaig, O'Gr. Cat. 645 . ¤dúnach, ¤dúinech: gen. Duibduinig, LL 352h27 = Duibdunaigh, BB 223e22 . ¤ṡínach (cf. dubṡín foul weather under ordinary compds.): gen. Duibsinaich, Rawl. 146g29 ; BB 113a49 . ¤ṡlatach, BB 94b31 ; gen. Dubslataigh, 41 ; Duibslataich, Rawl. 153b17 .

(d) In compds. with nouns. With proper name: Dubaed, Ardm. 19a1 ( Thes. ii 365 ). Dubconda, LL 326c57 ; gen. Duibchonna, 325c14 (D.¤ Chonda?). ¤chonnad (cf. Condad, Connad, Contribb.): gen. Duibchonnaid, LL 340a39 . Dubchormac, LL 326d , with note: ab hoc nomine vocatus est ideo quod pater eius obiit nascente illo. Propter memoriam mortis patris eius vocatus est Duchormac . Dubchrimthann, LL 321e63 . m. Cuirc Duibechach, 326a38 . ? Dubindrecht, Rawl. 159a41 ; Dubinrecht, 165b15 ; LL 327c24 ; gen. Dubinrecht, LL 325b13 ; Rawl. 146a22 . Duibindrecht, 150b15 , 30 . Duibinrecht, LL 321b56 ? m. Erca Dublugdech, LL 327e46 .

With other nouns: Dubainech, Rawl. 160b11 ; ? gen. húa Dubanich , RC xviii 368 . Dubchend (see under ordinary compds.), LL 323a6 ; Dubcenn, Rawl. 152b55 ; Duibcind, BB 183b46 ; Duibcinn, LL 391b15 ; Duibgend, BB 183b39 , ¤genn, 118b48 ; ¤ginn, LL 389b7 ; gen. Duibcind, Rawl. 153a56 ; Duibcinn, 1 ; Duibgind, RC xviii 337 (Tig.). Later Duibhgheann; gen. ¤ghinn, Keat. iv . Dubchrob: gen. Duibchruib, LL 327e11 . ? Dubchertan: Duibhceartan, CF 13 ; gen. Dubchertain, LL 373a30 . Dubchu, BB 76b16 ; gen. Dubchon, 18 . Duibdeochain (gen.), Fél. p. 48 ; Rawl. 89f2 = Duibdechoin, LL 351a8 . Duibdiberg (gen.), Rawl. 146c42 ; ¤dibeirg, BB 145b17 . Duibeoin (gen.), BB 141d37 , 142d28 . Dubétan, Laud 610, 105b1 ; gen. Duibedain, BB 110b38 . Dubgall (see under ordinary compds.), LL 41c66 , Rawl. 140a33 . Dubgilla, LL 40b9 ; BB 122b36 ; gen. Dubgillai, LL 314c57 , 323g55 ; Duibgillai, BB 70b48 . Dubgoband (gen.), LL 369d32 . Dublaech, BB 142a39 ; ¤laich, 74a33 ; gen. Dublaich, 49b42 . Dubloingsigh (gen.), BB 71a8 . Duibgen, BB 83a5 , 88d50 . Dubgilcach, LL 319c53 ; ZCP viii 304.19 (but Dub Gilcaich, Rawl. 148a43 ). Dubgus, Rawl. 160b48 ; gen. Dubgosa, BB 160a1 . Dublitir (dat.), Thes. ii 287.32 . Dublitter, LL 360d52 . Dublittir, AU 735 ; gen. Dublitri, LL 360c26 . Duiblitrech, ZCP iii 17 , 20 ( Rawl. 68b15 , 76a4 ). Dubluachair, LL 382a21 ; Rawl. 128a15 ; gen. Dubluachair, ib. Dubhluachra, LL 382a23 . Dubneim, BB 157b37 . Dubrind, LL 314c21 ; gen. Dubrind, 57 . Duibrind, Rawl. 123f8 (D.¤ Rind?). Duibruip (gen.), Rawl. 154d48 ; BB 160a14 . Dubroith (gen.), Lism. L. xxxi . Dubṡlat ` black rod ', BB 83a5 = Dublat, 82a30 , Dubslait, RC xvii 142 . Dubsloit, AU 554 . ¤ṡloit, CS 558 . Perh. also Duibdirma (gen.), Rawl. 146b43 ; BB 73d39 ; and Duibdligid (gen.), BB 232b6 ; Rawl. 94b48 ; Fél. p. 48 ( Duibligid, LL 351a7 ).

1 feidil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 feidil or dil.ie/21463

 

Forms: feidle, fedil

adj i The orig. meaning is perh. lasting, enduring, cf. feidligidir and see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 110 : feidhil .i. fada, Cóir Anm. 102 . feidhil .i. fada no buan, P. O'C. ionann feidhil is fada, Keat. ii 2867 . Cf. also : duibithir funchi fedil | culchi cach eóin imthemin ` long-lived ' Metr. Dinds. iii 256.19 . aní raḟind co fedil (: lándemin) that which turned it white enduringly 378.3 . o roboi P. co fedil ann sin continuously, for a long time (?) PH 1955 . Hence in moral sense enduring, constant, faithful, persevering: rop fedil, rop ainmnetach, Tec. Corm. § 6.25 . fedil cech ainmnetach `persevering' § 13.8 . menma fossaid fedil fri bánmartra, ZCP iii 29.19 . craibdech [? cradb- MS.] forusda f.¤ , ACL iii 321 § 6 . f.¤ fodhailtech amal Iop, Lism. L. 2743 . ar mbadh demin | a fír feidhil his steadfast truth (?) Anecd. i 68.2 (= ZCP xi 158 ). letrais D. don lic ... fedma feidhil | coic leathunga persistent in effort Anecd. i 67 § 153 . fross usci fedil fedma of unfailing vigour Metr. Dinds. iii 262.31 . feacht feidhil a persevering course Lism. L. 2105 . bás feidhil F., AFM ii 958 . pl. feidle miscne `steadfast in hate' Tec. Corm. § 16.14 . termond na fían fedeil féig, LU 4147 . (Adv.) rochathaigset co fedil ┐ co ferrda oc diten in rechta diada, PH 6521 . By later glossators equated with innraic : f.¤ la cach he .i. inraic la cach, Ériu ii 174.7 (expl. of Eochaid Feidlech. Cf. Cóir Anm. 102 , see 1 feidlech). feidhil .i. ionnraic, O'Cl.

? fínchi

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n duibithir ... caera finchi berries of the vine (?) ZCP ix 167.25 .

? finnche

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n name of a plant: duibithir ... caera finchi, ZCP ix 167.25 (= caire findchi, H 3.18 p. 10 ). finnche ond ni is fenecu[lu]m i.e. rota [ = ruta ?] nigra ut dicitur: is duibidir findchi, O'Mulc. 540 .

fuinche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuinche or dil.ie/24842
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fuinche, funchi, Funchi, Fuinche

n , f. in poetry and B. na f.

I A scaldcrow: f.¤ .i. feannóg, O'Cl. fuindchi .i. feandoc, Lec. Gl. 545 . duibithir funchi fedil | culchi cach éoin, Metr. Dinds. iii 256 . g s. dath fuinche [funchi v.l.] fuan, Ériu ix 46 § 14 = dath fuaince fuan (.i. dath brait na finnoige), ZCP v 490.5 (B. na f.). fuan fuinc[h]e, ZCP ix 167.25 = caire findchi fuarc fuinchi, H 3.18, 10 marg. sup. ? caoga fuan find fuince rūn, Celt. Rev. i 306 .

II A black fox: fuinchi .i. sindach dub, Lec. Gl. 548 . f.¤ is criomhtan ar ṡionnach, Metr. Gl. Ff. 51 . togmall i fóir fuinche (.i. sinnach), ACL iii 310 § 3 (= foinchi, ZCP xii 360.24 ) ; re nuallan f.¤ feochrae ib. ACL iii 310§ 9 .

Cf. gudim Brenaind ... cobair fir a culchi chíar | rom áin co cían funchi fó, LU 3054 ( SG 235 ) : later in same text ( LU 3131 ) Funchi is a name given to the `murgeilt' or mermaid Lí ban. As meisnig mhic mic L. | bhiathus f.¤ a bhforaoísibh, C IV 1, 160v (poem by Gofraidh mac an Bhaird).Cf. the npr. f. Fuinche, Ériu v 74.15 . fri F.¤ ingin Náir, Fianaig. 4.7 . mac Fuince ingine Daire, Anecd. ii 76 . See also Miss M. Dobbs's Index to Banshenchus RC xlix 446 , s.v.

III A claw or talon (?), see fuince, which may be same word and perhaps only an inference from sense (I).

? gaimche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? gaimche or dil.ie/25164

 

n duibithir (duibigter MS) dath a berrtha ... ēdgadh luin lúaithe ngaimche, ZCP ix 167.18 (= gaim-ché a winter-night ?).

gúal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gúal or dil.ie/26752
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. and ā, f. m., IGT Decl. § 96 . charcoal, coal : ba duibithir gual cech n-alt ocus cech n-aige de, FB 37 (Eg.). dubithir gual ngoibnidi, ZCP xiii 256.23 . ba comdub re gual in blai futairlli do bói fair, Acall. 6639 . haec sturna (?) clas guail, Ir. Gl. 273 . miach guaile fri ernna `a sack of charcoal for the irons,' Laws iv 310.23 . loscad guaile, ib. v 474.5 . find la dubu co ndath guaile (: huaire), Anecd. i 58 § 62 . smir guailí .i. cuillenn sen, Auraic. 5633 . an gabha shéideas an gúal annsa teine, Isaiah liv 16 . Of hot coals : ni cumgand gual na grés na gorta tre bithu sir ní dó, Acall. 7180 n . as me an teine as cró-derg gual, BNnÉ 285.30 . bā gat im gainem nō im gūal (of an impossible thing), MacCongl. 71.26 . gual adhairce pure black charcoal from burnt horn : samhalta ┐ gual adhairce ar na bathadh a n-uiscce, Ériu iv 49.8 .

Compd. ¤gríos coal embers : ceardcha gabhann gan ghuailghríos, DDána 81.34 .

2 imm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 imm or dil.ie/27636

 

Forms: imm[e]cal

used as an intensive prefix. Rare in O. Ir. Becomes very common in Early Mod. Ir. Sometimes appears to add little or nothing to the meaning of the word. It is used with (a) adjectives, (b) nouns, and (c) verbs.

(a) With adjectives: ¤acher very keen: imscoich ┐ imacher a gnímrad in gillai `very cutting and very keen were the deeds of the lad,' Ériu iv 30.1 . ¤adbal very huge, very vast; very great: as mé Concopur ... for loch Eachach iomadhbhal, TFrag. 98.4 . ar fut Hérenn imaidble, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.14 . aitcesair eill imadhbail, KZ xxxiii 82.36 . for esrassaib imáidble in díthrib, LB 129a47 . As a personal epithet: rop hí in chóiced ben bladmar | Etar étrocht imadbal `Etar the splendid and stately,' Metr. Dinds. iii 112.44 . mór do algib imaidbli ┐ do trenḟeraib tréna `many huge heroes,' TTr. 1137. ¤aebda very beautiful: for arddaib imaebda na hAthaine, TTr. 1147. ¤aesta very aged: ar ráthuibh iomaosta Erenn, MS. Mat. 579.16 . ¤aicbéil very dreadful: alad uroslaicthi imaicbeil `gaping awful wound,' MR 300.3 . ¤aimréid very rough: carracbenna sliaph n-urard n-imaimreidh, CCath. 3804. ¤airdirc very conspicuous, very visible: cathir imairdirc imthend (of Tara), LL 28b16 . ¤álainn very beautiful: Brian mac Echach imáloinn, SG 332.23 . assai immálli, TTr. 1039. ¤amnas very fierce, very harsh: rechmi cath n-imrind n-imda n-imamnas, LU 3423 (rhetoric). dorinnsid gnim n-imamnas, SR 3616. in beist imamnas, 1130 . hóglaochrad imamnus, Anecd. ii 72.18 . bir chruaid fir imamnuis, Anecd. ii 66.16 . batar airrechtaig imámnais a n-airrig, Alex. 636. As subst. it he in so ceithre immamnas imdegla ┐ dirig ratha, Bürgschaft 25 § 68. ¤ard very high: slíab Lecga ... cid imard ní himdorcha, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.20 . rahimthescad andsain fidbad immard imremur, TTr. 126. corrbrōga imarda imthechta, ZCP xiii 168.11 . gus in aitheach nán niomard, Duan. F. i 41.15 . As subst. co himard an flaithis, De Contemptu 160 § 80 n. z . ¤arsaid very old: Ericto aingidh imarsaidh, CCath. 4314. in mucc úathmar immarsaid `the loathly long-lived pig,' Metr. Dinds. iii 158.8 . ¤athlam very dexterous, very nimble: ilar nathrach n-imathlam, SR 896. dorigni firt n-imathlam, 5354 . atá sund Carn uí Chathbath | fors' rimred arm imathlam `against whom a nimble weapon was wielded,' Metr. Dinds. iv 30.2 . Adv.: túargab a lam co immathlam darís, TBC-LL¹ 1998. tarraid C. cruadlann a claidim co himathlam `expertly,' MR 300.22 . ¤chaín very lovely: do luidh ... Fergus fó chonghraim imchain, O'Curry 1307 (< H 3.18, p. 603a ). drumslaitt na heclisi imchaine, LB 121a2 . ¤choimse very convenient ?, closely fitting ?: ro gabh a corrc[h]athbarr ... cona remartinnib imcoimsib dib remartinnib imcoimsib, CCath. 4696. cuarsciath cona sciathrach imcoimsi, 5313 . ¤chrúaid very hard, difficult: madh áil daibh eolus imchruaidh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 66.13 . ¤dána very bold, intrepid: caeca brat, is breath chána | do righ Ailigh imdhána, Leb. Cert. 124.8 . ¤dánach very gifted ?: la sluag n-imdanach angel `with a gifted (?) host of angels,' ACC 172.14 . ¤dlúith very close, very compact, very firm: ro gab dá asan imdluithi iarainn, CCath. 4667. lúrech imdlúith umaide, TTr. 1855. (liburni) cosna seolchrannaib imdlúithi imremra anfólli uasaib, 1410 . ¤doilig, ¤duilig very difficult; placed in a very difficult position: cid hí ind ascid imduilig `though that is the hard request,' Metr. Dinds. iii 340.48 . Adv. atusa co hiomdoiligh uime sin, TBC-LL¹ p. 163 n. 8 . ¤domain very deep: ra gabastar a ḟuathbróic n-imdangin n-imdomain n-iarnaide, TBC-LL¹ 3729. co ndernai ocian imdomain ... don conair for a n-imthigthis na catha, CCath. 2639. an cholann do chor i n-uaimh iomdhomhain, TSh. 1108. As subst. utmost depth: atconncadur na tri fiaich a fudomain (himdhomain v.l.) in mara, Acall. 7058 v.l. fo indtamail [na] curach gnáthaigther ... imdoimnibh srotha Níl, CCath. 2381. ar aillib ┐ ar im-doimnib an aigēin, ML² 701. ó 'dchonncadar an ród réidh | tre iomdhomhain an aigéin, DDána 74 § 3. rosuiged ┐ rosluiged a rosc ... in n-imdomain a cind, TTebe 201 . i n-iomdhomhain ifrinn, TSh. 928. ¤dochar. As subst. a very rough place: rocoraiged ar forbaib ┐ ar ferannaib iat ... ar imdocraib imfuara ┐ ar cairgib cenngarba, Ériu viii 8.11 . ¤dorcha very dark: rosgab gráin ... frisin tech n-óbéla n-oslacthi n-imdorcha, MacCongl. 15.6 . tír ... ainmin accarb imdorcha, CCath. 3803. inn uam[h]annaip imdorcaibh ṡlebhe Peil, 5632 . retlanda ... inna haidchi imdorcha, TTebe 26 7. ? To this: nī rubai Cuchulaind nech itir na Sailiu Imdoirchi (imdorthi, v.l. LU) i crich Conailli, TBC-I¹ 858. As subst. a dark place: do chuadar lena gcreachaib a ndiamraibh ocus a nimmdhorchaib dá nimchumdach, ALC ii 244.4 . ¤dub very dark, entirely black: costecht ... slúagad n-ímdub, TBC-LL¹ 202. ar biastaib ilardaib | imdubaib imthennaib | ticed domm imdegail, LU 1173. Metaph. very malignant: iodhna beoil, gan aoir niomdhuibh | iodhna fhoghlama gan ghes, MS. Mat. 576.11 . ¤ecal greatly afraid, very fearful: imm[e]cal gl. pauidus, Ml. 58b7 . ba himecail (himecal, v.l. LU) imorro int ara colléic, TBC-I¹ 635. gerva himegoil lais na tairnge as mo ro-vamnaigh tvitim isin loch, Aisl. Tond. 100 § 2. bátir immecal-som (imeaglaigh-sium, imeclai-sium, v.ll.) oc aicsin ind ní-sin, RC ix 480.6 . rop imecul in trét, PH 6723. ba himeccal laissiumh aittreabh ettorra, BNnÉ 87.6 . ba himecul leo a mbiad fen do thinad uadib, LB 157a27 .

¤eclach

(a) very fearful, very timorous: na bid uamnaig imeclaig, SR 4830. a beith meta ocus a beit[h] immecclac[h] `cowardly and timorous,' CCath. 4447. con[a] puplaibh imeclach[a] `to the terrified peoples,' 365 . batar imeclaigh iar n-aicsin an neich adcondcatar, RC i 466.13 . go bhfuilid na fir chogaidh imeaglach, Jeremiah li 32. guth imeclach eccruaidh `a frightened feeble voice,' Stair Erc. 383. Adv. ro imthigh roime co himeclach, ib. 1915 . roerig Ethiocles co haduathmar aindsclech imeclach, TTebe 640 .

(b) causing fear, terrible: tárfás fís imeclach, uathfásach dó, CCath. 1453. Adv. atreachtatar íarum lucht na cathrach co húathmar ┐ co himeclach, TTr.² 1871.

¤éscaid very quick, very alert: rucatar sidhi arnaid athlum imēsgaid, Fianaig. 88.12 . Adv. luidh go hathlamh imésccaidh, AFM v 1314. 15 . ¤eslán very unwell: do bói ... imeslán a haithle na scethrach, Acall. 7175. ¤étromm very light (lit. and metaph.): gebid in rí a ḟiallgud n-imétrom n-imthechta immi, TBC-LL¹ 966. rogab sciamh-luirig nimetruim, CCath. 4680. roráidhis, a Eorann oll | aithesg álainn iméttrom, BS § 32 . Adv. ro lenait e ... co imetrum, Cog. 190.4 . ¤ḟann very weak: ní léim nimḟann, Fél. Dec. 31. As subst. a very weak person: is e noshoerad na bochtu ┐ na hamhfhanna o cumhachtaibh an tsaeguil, Lism. L. 4890. ¤ḟartail very mighty ?: tucsad cend Dornmáir dhaltaidh | is Innasclaind imḟartail `they brought the head ... of imperious Indascland,' Metr. Dinds. iv 300.x . ¤(ḟ)ocus, ¤acus very near, very close, neighbouring: nipu immaccus in taidrius `not very near was the return,' Wb. 18d5 . is imḟocus etruinn cen[i] iman-aci duind, IT ii2 190.2 . fidbuid āluinn imfoccus impe do cach leith, Ériu i 39 § 3. it immaicsi na fuli dobertatar ḟort, TBC-LL¹ 4349. immaicse (iomḟoigse, v.l.) taithlig `ever ready for an excuse,' Tec. Corm. § 16.24 . ? cletha im[m]aicsi cen sēna, ZCP viii 195 § 9. Tond Tuaige Tond Rudraighe | nídat imfoiccsi a n-airde, Anecd. ii 24 § 16. oc na righuibh imfhoicsi `at the neighbouring kings,' Marco P. § 178. ro athchuirset da urchur imfhoiccsi fhir-dhirge eturru, MR 254.16 . Compar. da roiset ann anmcharait | bat imḟoicsi do Dia, Acall. 2616. As subst. nearness, neighbourhood: in fuil uisci a n-imfogus duin, Acall. 1547. is annsin atconncadur férbrug gabala ind imoccus dóib, 4179 . luidh co teach bai i nimfogus na cathrach, Ériu v 122.53 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib, Fianaig. 92 § 38. ¤gairit very short: delan ... ┐ ráe imgairit as `a very short rope (?) out of it,' CCath. 4100. ¤gann very confined, very spare: i nIffurn huathmar imgann, SR 934 . i ṅglinn Iosophath imgann, 2006 . bai in bangleo nar' imgann, 3078 . Galión fir na n-orb n-imgand, LL 7a51 . cath Gabra ... ollgus imgand, mebaid ria Fergus `a rare achievement,' Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 18 ( LL 182b41 ). int húath imgann `the lean spectre,' Ériu iv 102.1 . Adv. lá d'Ossín ... inna chumriuch co himgand `in rigid bondage,' Metr. Dinds. iii 248.82 . As subst. nírb é in t-imgand ar ernmass `he was no shirker in the mêlée,' Metr. Dinds. iii 244.34 . ¤garb very rough: slabraidh imgarba iarnaidhe, CCath. 2658. As subst. druimní suithe ... atat da ernail furre .i. imgharbh ┐ anaichnídh, is é so in timgharbh (of metres), IT iii 96.2 . ¤garg very fierce: rochrochad ... do lāmaib Eigius imgairg, Ériu iii 194 § 4. mac Eris uallaich imgairg, BB 229b51 . ¤gel very white, very fair: cach conair dolluid in ben | moslúi in t-usce úar imgel `the cold white water followed,' Metr. Dinds. iii 30.70 . genair o Echtaig imgil, LL 28b50 . mac sin Cainche imghile, Duan. F. i 92.z . ¤gér very sharp, very keen: (scíath) cona bil áithgéir ailtnidi imgéir, LU 6431. manaois mhór ... uilleannach imghéar, CRR² § 26. ¤gerr very short: Aodh imgerr, BNnÉ 254 § 212 . at-condarc-sa triar ... co pudrallaib imgerra urardda, MU² 773. doríne tri hoirdne imgerra dhe, Acall. 1920 v.l. ¤glan very pure, very bright: tri ingena imglana, SR 6520. Étar étrocht imghlan `bright radiant Etar,' Metr. Dinds. iv 264.17 . a clerig ... mac ... meic lemnachtai immglain `son of pure new milk,' MacCongl. 33.19 . ¤glicc very clever, very cunning: ba fond n-orddnide n-imglicc, LL 28b3 . batar amais ana imglicca, Alex. 3. ¤glinne (see 1 glinne) very secure: grecha a bretha ... brigach n-imglindi a chert (of a judge), ZCP xii 364.22 . is foc[h]en breth breithemun brighach nimglinde, O'D. 2212 (< Nero A vii, fo. 146b ). Feargus fergen imglinne, BB 278a2 .

¤grinn

(a) very pleasant: bennacht ... ar ingin Elcmair imgrind, Acall. 7241. iar feiss ri Meill n-imgil n-imgrind, MS. Mat. 489.12 ( LL 45b19 ). Dál nAruidhe uasal imghrinn, Keat. iii 1808.

(b) very strong, very fierce: ro marb Argatmár imgrind, Todd Lect. iii 180.2 . ropa ghníomh écóir imghrinn, SG 367.38 .

¤inóclach very fit for mating ?: dona mnaibh iminóglacha fuair se ar talamh, ZCP ii 292.6 . ¤ísel very lowly: int āes umal imísel, Ériu iii 30 § 6. do rugais é ... a mainnser imíseal inn aendaim ┐ an esail, Études Celt. i 83.21 . Adv. secretly: rothógaibh ... uimi ... co hétrom imísiol ` stealthily ,' BS § 57 .

¤lebar

(a) very long, very tall: imlebor gl. capillo intonso, Sg. 159a6 . cóica gilla n-óc n-aigḟind n-imlebur, LL 253a24 . úathud fri eit n-imlebair (.i. for Táin Bó Cúalṅgi), LU 10358. cóirtus hinair imlibáir `an arrangement of a very long tunic,' Goid. 65.6 . ulcha immlebur fair, PH 1491. ro coraigit aigi troisdi imlebra adbulmora, CCath. 2624. earball imleabhar, AFM iv 1080.12 .

(b) mobile, supple ?: rosc imlebur ina chind, Corm. 38.5 .

¤léimnech restive: nib ocheall nib imleimneach (of a horse), RC xlviii 331.12 (= O'Curry 1863 ). ¤lethan very broad: Aeneas ... fer imlethan aideadh-dherg, BB 427a50 . Uenerius ... imlethain imaird, TTr. 1180. ar an bhfhairge imleithin, Atlantis iv 168.10 . cathbharr ... cona sronlainn imlet[h]ain iarnaidhe, CCath. 5263. ¤lobar very weak, very sick: cumachtach, ciarbo himlobhar, Rawl. B 512, fo. 70d3 (< Plummer, MS. notes). As subst. a sick person: ba slán cech imlobor tarateged int uisce, Thes. ii 315.25 . ¤lomm very bare, bleak: do mes ilarda imlum `with abundant mast without husk,' SCC 515 ( LU 3705 ). fri gáith n-imluim n-errchaide `a bare Spring wind,' MacCongl. 63.9 . mur tsighi gaithi gere ... adhuaire imluime earraithe, ZCP x 298.16 . As subst. bareness, scarcity: tessbaidh etha (.i. gorta) di Maig Cuind, sé bliadna imluim (.i. tercai), ZCP xii 236 § 56. ¤lúath, ¤lúaith very swift: in trenḟer amnas imlúaith (: cruaich) (imluath, v.l.), ITS xli 234 § 24 . atractatar luathghoetha adhuarae imluatha, CCath. 4361. na haquili imluat[h]a ilbreca, 4927 . Adv. ag argain a chéile go hathlamh iomluath, TSh. 6641.

¤nár, ¤náir

(a) (in good sense) very bashful, modest; noble: Ioseph alainn imnar, SR 3314. dond aithiusc airdairc imnair, SR 4792. inmain óclách ard imnair, IT i 79.2 . doirb annir imnair (.i. in tan fegthar in doirb is i n-ichtur ind usci thed), LU 10255 (rhetoric). a óclaig uallaig imnair, FDG 368.

(b) (in bad sense) shameful: dacūaidh ... do marbudh Eōin gerb imnar `though it was shameful,' Ériu iv 180 § 40. ar med is imnair tuismíud clann fri coibhdhelcho, BB 278a15 . ba haimlesc ┐ ba himnár leis na braithribh ... im[ḟ]orrán catha atarru féin, CCath. 2294. imnár lais a corp tretholl ... d'faicsin do neoch, Lism. L. 2962. glár budh iomnáir d'aithris, Content. xx 12.

¤nárach

(a) noble: aen mhac Ailpin imnarach ` valorous ,' Leb. Cert. 226.10 .

(b) or bet (beit, v.l.) imnaraig ar oman etarscartha etarra abashed ? Anecd. ii 55.4 .

¤níabthach (níabad, vn. of níabaid) very provocative: ní hord aicnid imnīabthaig `es ist nicht eine Ordnung von aufreizender Natur,' Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 76 § 10.

¤omnach, ¤úamnach

(a) very afraid, very timid: na herbind immomnacha gl. timidi, Sg. 62a2a . imuamnach cach cintach, Tec. Corm. § 15.18 n. rois cobair Brighitt buadach | 'arsin nir bo himuaimhnach, BNnÉ 86 § 177. Adv. nī folāir do na huilip go ro oirichlit go hairecht imomhnach imchoimhētach in slige sin watchfully , Fl. Earls 158.2 .

(b) very fearful, fear-inspiring: ragat-sa ... a n-oilithri n-imúamnaigh, ZCP xii 392.4 . ¤réid very level . As subst. level country, plain: atait ... conara cumcca ettrat ocus inn imreidh, CCath. 4764.

¤réil very famous: imréil ... cach romag cach rodindgna `illustrious ... is every famous plain,' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.3 . tri mic Agnomain imréil, ZCP xiii 158.4 . ¤remar very stout, very thick: suisti imreamar iarnaighi, CF 680. co n-urnasc imremar iarnaidi air, MR 200.1 . fidbad immard imremur, TTr. 126. cosna seolchrannaib imdlúithi imremra, 1410 . frisna xii bairgin[e] imremra némdescdai, LB 146a57 .

¤rigin

(a) very tough, very stiff (lit. and fig.): is imrighin in tuath, Trip.² 2446. corrán d'iarann imrighim ina láimh, ITS i 72.8 . róindís ... na haithesca ímrighne, ZCP xx 181.11 .

(b) very slow: óna fuairthinghealltoibh imrighne ettarbhacha `slow unprofitable promises,' AFM vi 2140.22 . Adv. ag asccnámh co hionmall imrighin, Hugh Roe 302.14 .

¤ṡlán (imṡlán and imlán became confused in Mid. Ir., as their meanings are rather similar it is not always easy to distinguish between them).

(a) as an epithet quite healthy, quite whole, quite perfect: heirg isinn ethar n-imṡlan very safe , SR 2482. inn Affraic n-uasail n-imslain, SR 2658. usce eochargorm imṡlán, Acall. 3607. tricha bo findfergga | bat imlána óiderrga, LL 299a17 . cid mor cid bec no-chaithind bat imlana iat san beos, PH 514. Applied to persons: Hestra, Osse, Ohel án | ocus Abdias imlán, SR 7454. ordned Iacoib imslain, Gorm. Dec. 27. Englec ... lendán Oengussa imláin `the darling of perfect Oengus,' Metr. Dinds. iii 40.18 . a hingen ālaind imslān, ZCP viii 268 § 39. do chum [bheith] nar nduine iomṡlan, Ephesians iv 13. Compar. gilla iss ó ┐ iss imláne and-so andae, TBC-LL¹ 5994.

(b) quite whole, safe, unscathed: a teacht fen imslan da cric, TBC-LL¹ p. 653 n. 5 . docuatar imṡlán día taig, Trip.² 166. is áil léo a ḟocra dáibsi imthecht imslán, Acall. 6108. gur leicc im[ṡ]lan uadh é `he let him away unhurt,' CCath. 6055. mar do fhuair a chalann crád | a anam narab imlán, Ériu iv 112 § 5. fāna fagháil slán iomlān damh féin arís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 718.

(c) In Law `completely exempt, secure ' (Plummer MS notes): fis edaingne ac fir in tseoit ... i[s] slan dia mbe fo naidm is imslan do in aithne, O'Curry 1252 (< H 3.18, p. 504 ). See also imlán.

¤ṡlemain very smooth: aill ard imslemain, Stair Erc. 233. ¤ṡolus very bright: gním cech cuiri fo chuimsi | condat uili imṡuilsi `so that all are illuminated,' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.8 .

¤thais

(a) very weak, very feeble: ros fúach is ras fuc fria aiss | gided ni hengnam imthaiss, TBC-LL¹ 736. nírb engnam imthaiss `'twas no weakling's feat,' Metr. Dinds. iv 78.22 .

(b) very smooth ? very moist?: lodar ... co brugh maic in Og imtais, BB 396b15 .

¤thana

(a) very thin, very slender: in néll úathmar imthana `the fearful thin cloud,' IT ii² 133.288 . rí ... na n-arm n-edrom n-imtana, BB 280b34 .

(b) very shallow: ba hí a slige ... secht thuind Uairbeóil imthana `along shallow Tond Uairbeoil,' Metr. Dinds. iii 116.86 , and Corr., ib. v 133 .

¤theimen very dark (see teimen): duibithir funchi fedil | culchi cach eóin imthemin `the cowl of each dusky bird,' Metr. Dinds. iii 256.20 . ¤thenn very strong, very firm: cathir imairdirc imthend, LL 28b16 . ar biastaib ... imdubaib imthennaib, LU 1173 (ACC). atraig Brían don tiprait thall | ic a raba in t-uath imthend, Ériu iv 102.1 n. doi reir na n-udar n-imtheand `according to sound authors,' Metr. Dinds. v 119.2 . Adv. rosícc Sinchell slán co himthend `S. cured her whole, soundly,' Metr. Dinds. iii 156.18 . atát 'san reilic bic go himtheann, SG 33.19 . ¤therc very scanty, very short: is imtherc cos ind abcain `very short is the dwarfling's leg,' ACC § 100 ( RC xx 274.15 ). dēna ingeilt ois | narbat timtheirc (v.l. imterc) tais, KMMisc. 262.1 . ¤thláith very soft: ind iall en imthlaith, SR 4066. rí roraid ... athesc n-inclithi n-imtlaith, 5678 . Enoc án imthláith, 7362 . ¤thnúthach very eager, very jealous, or fierce: a shlógh iomthnúthach Oiligh, DDána 75 § 2. rí aingidhí imthnúthach, Stair Erc. 1646. ¤thrén very strong: iarsin rongab galar gér | fri sním calad nirb' imthrén, SR 6230. a Ferguis na n-arm n-imthrén, TBC-LL¹ 3203. cóic eich áilli imthréna, Leb. Cert. 130.12 . Adv. imtrén trómthuinset, LU 8712 (FB). triur dorosern in slúag co imthrén 'coa n-imnertad, SR 5032.

¤thromm

(a) very heavy: áráit ... imtromm, FB § 37 Eg. ro gab dá asan imthroma imdluithi iarainn, CCath. 4667. confacatar na cet[h]a ana imtroma, 4953 . acc diubraccadh ... an ordanais iomthruim adhbail moir, AFM vi 2028.7 . amhail easglanna iomthroma, TSh. 1092.

(b) very troublesome, very oppressive: for greis in aesa imthruimm `under the protection of the Troublesome People' (i.e. the pagan gods), BColm. 90.5 . Of the atmosphere of a place: his tégdais ... il-brein aduair imthruim, PH 8297. munter Edlicon imthruim, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.10 . As subst.: dochuatar a n-ētromuib a n-étach ┐ a n-imthromaib a n-arm `into their ponderous armature,' Fianaig. 78.3 .

¤thrúag very wretched: do fuc Eua in n-ubull n-úag | dond abaill, ba scél n-imthrúag, SR 1286. ¤thuirsech very sorrowful: luid Laeg ... co cendtromm n-imthursech n-anfálid, TBC-LL¹ 2170. ¤úachtarach uppermost, topmost: do imthigh roimpe go baoth ... go hionadh iomuachtarach a h-anta `to the uppermost regions of its residence' (of the wind), ML 48.23 . ¤úallach very proud: ba hóglaochrad imamnus imullach imfaobrach, Anecd. ii 72.18 . ingen Echach imuallaig, LU 3064. abair ... risin ingin n-iomuallaigh, ITS v 82.12 . mád do Láegaire Búadach | tísad ág bád imuallach, LU 3557. ¤úamnach, see ¤ omnach supra. ¤úar very cold: i naidhchi ... iochtair imuair adheitig iffirn `of the lower freezing hideous hell,' BNnÉ 99.7 . do ghéubhsa ionadh imfhúar, Duan. F. i 19.37 . ar imdocraib imfuara, Ériu viii 8.11 .

(b) With nouns: ¤accobar intense desire: imacubur denma uilc gl. esuriem, Ml. 34b10 . ¤aicbéile great terribleness: itir im-aighbhéli na h-uardachta, MR 112.18 . ¤áille great beauty: an déad ag dul i mbáine | 's an aghaidh gan iomáille, DDána 27 § 5. fáistine adbert riu Dáiri | ri mac con co n-imáilli `regarding Mac Con, the comely,' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 76.2 . Fer Becrach co n-imāle (: immarāide), Ériu ii 26.26 . ¤aire great respect: nī scoirtīs cen i.¤ | rīg nā rīgdomna aca `kings and royal princes would not part from him without great respect,' RC xiii 392.23 . ¤aithrechas great repentance: co n-imaithrechus nach fógnand di, PH 8201. ¤attach earnest prayer, entreaty: i.¤ Maic ind Rig, ACL iii 317 § 51. ¤chalma, ¤cholma great bravery: ras-nert imchalma do denam, TTr. 1639. do greis a mic ... imcalma do denam, Celt. Rev. iv 10.15 . dorochair i cath Odba | la Argatmár imcholma, Todd Lect. iii 178 § 3. ¤chreachadh the act of devastating widely: trés an i.¤ do-níthí leó ar na daoinibh budh lugha ioná iad féin, TSh. 9537. ¤déine great swiftness: imthecht dóib co n-i.¤ (: féine) `to be gone with all speed,' Metr. Dinds. iii 452.40 . ¤demnigud the act of confirming: du imdemnigud á epert són `to confirm his sayings,' Ml. 89d7 . ¤druine great skill?: ri richid con-i.¤ ri febda firian fossud, | rí rigḟial 'na rigsossud, SR 566. ¤ecla great fear: cen uamun, cen i.¤ , IT i 185.3 (FA). nosgeib i.¤ móir ┐ ómon, RC x 56.8 . is coir dó i.¤ ┐ faitchius ┐ ra-imchomet, PH 4114. nī ro lēic imegla in pāpa don priōir ... gan a aithne do choimhlínadh, Fl. Earls 142.22 . an oiread soin d'uamhan ┐ d'imeagla air ré fiabhras, TSh. 7967. fer ... for nár lá nách aon imeccla ittir, AFM vi 2296.y . ¤eclugud the act of terrifying: do fhuasnad ┐ d'i.¤ na coimétaigi, PH 3380. ¤esbaid great deficiency: cen érchra cen imhesbaid, SR 988. cen forcraid cen imhesbaid, 4966 . ¤etla great affliction?: dobeir tra timmorlai ┐ immetlai menman di araile an ircraidi ┐ in gairdi bide i n-ainius isin bith frecnairc, IT ii2 107.23 . ¤étrumme great lightness, great nimbleness: nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor ar áthi ┐ imétrummi im-tháncatar so swiftly and lightly did they travel, MU² 566. raléic cach arachéile frassa tiuga tromaidbli d'immétrommaib a n-arm ┐ d'ilchenélaib a n-imtheilcthi, TTr. 1710. ¤étrommugud the act of making lighter, easing, relieving: barróisc Cuchulaind in claidiub assa intiuch ... d'imscothad na n-arm ┐ d'immetrommugud in scéith fair, TBC-LL¹ 2956. ¤ḟochraicc great reward: a cethair cethrachat ... do immfocraiccib, Todd Lect. iii 42.13 . ¤ḟorlond overwhelming strength, great oppression: in timorlonn namat, is fiach a fátha forru, O'D. 1595 (< H 5.15, p. 9b ). in timarlonn namad, ib. 1596 . choidhche ni barricfa-si | anmforlunn (? read: ammforlunn) 'na dhiaidh, Lism. L. 4822. ¤ḟormat great jealousy: ro linustair idu eóid ocus imformmuit Ailill, IT i 121.15 . rommiscnigsetar fo smacht | a brathir tria imformat, SR 3128. ra gab ét ... ┐ immḟarmat Dubthach Dael Ulad imma mnái, TBC-LL¹ 2749. ro-bhoí éd ocus imformad occ macaibh Moingfinde fri Niall iomon ríghe, ZCP xiv 214.5 . na denaidh adrad idal na edach na imformod, YBL 68b51 (= 294a22 ). ionnsaighis áth an chomhraig | Fear Diadh go ndlús iomfhormaid, DDána 104 § 22. ¤gábud great danger, great fright? iarsain asraracht Adom | assa ṡuan cen imgabud, SR 1066. fota ataid in-imgábud, 3630 . Ulaidh i n-imgabadh gan nech aga n-imgainiudh, TBC-LL¹ p. 250 n. 3 . atágur a imgábud | il-ló brátha búain `I dread great danger from it,' Ériu iii 14 § 1. ré mét in imgábaid a raibi, Fianaig. 82.23 . fa mór a hegla ┐ a himghābud arna slúagaib `great was the fear and fright (caused by the boar) upon the hosts,' 64.34 . dethach a cind iar crabudh | dorad demhna a n-imgabudh, BCC 356.32 . ¤gére great sharpness: co tescfad finna i naigid srotha ar āthi ┐ ailtnidecht ┐ imgēri, TBC-I¹ 1919. ¤ísle great lowness, poor position: gur adhnair les a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134. ¤lainne great keenness: mét inná i.¤ robói dosom im dia (gl. sitivit anima) `the strong craving that he had after God,' Ml. 62a2 . ¤lén great sorrow: Eua féssin cen imlén, SR 2138. dolluid Saul iar sét sen | sé cet míli, cen imlén, 5570 . ¤lot great destruction: co tuccad in diach ┐ inn imlot bad laind le fein fortha, CCath. 4017. ¤lúas great swiftness: ba he tricci ┐ imluas inn imdiubraict[h]i leo, CCath. 5659. ¤náire great shamefacedness, great bashfulness: rogab tra imnári essium co rofhemid in salm ranic dó do gabail `bashfulness seized him,' Three Hom. 102.16 . ni bí nach n-imnáire dóib cid lomnochta beti, RC xxv 244 § 18. doberat a coibsena cen imnāire dia sacartaibh, Anecd. iii 8.7 . o thucsatt a llama chuccu do'n méis ar imnari, PH 5136. rogab athrechus ┐ imnare imma iarraid eter, BB 237a32 . re h-imnaire an chairighthi thuc Cormac fair, RC xliii 80 § 82. ica imcainedh féin comor ar imnaire na hainicne, D IV 2, 73ra16 . ¤omon ¤úamon great fear, dread: ara n-imomon imchissin húath, BDD² 1264. rus-gab ecla ┐ iomomon mor iad risna dainib ingantacha, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . ar iomomhon feirgi a hathar, TFrag. 30.9 . āl cach n-imoman `every terror is fearful,' ZCP xvii 65 § 51. tainic soc[h]t ocus imuamon aiccenta ┐ cumsccughadh menman do, CCath. 5471. do chur uathbhais ┐ iomomhain ar lucht an bhaile, AFM v 1486.13 . reverence, godly fear: comadas lobre et i.¤ forsin mug céin ṁbíis oc fognam dia choimdid, Wb. 8b1 . as firén foirbhthe in fer forsa mbi ecla ┐ imuamon an Coimded, Lism. L. 3306. ¤rígne great stiffness, slowness, hesitation: nusincrech-som fora emilte leis ┐ fora imrígne leis bói icon ḟuigell, PH 4132. ¤ṡláine great perfection?: a samhuil d'oige is d'áillnne | do gniomh d'eagna is d'iomṡláine, 23 F 16, p. 129.19 . ¤ṡláinte complete health: meni thíset uli i n-imṡlánti, TBC-LL¹ 197. boi sailechtu aice sium imslanti d'ḟadbail dia ndernta a leges, LB 143a21 . ised rainic in imslanti leis co tir, BB 445b52 . ¤sláintius perfect health: nodas-forbiledh ar as ┐ ar aitidh ┐ imlaintius, ZCP xix 118 z . ¤ṡlánud the act of making quite healthy: nicon cotluim for colcaid | gē bethear com imslānud `though one were at making me healthy,' K. and H. § 2. ¤ṡlóg great host: ? g s. used adjectively: ro bui comdhail imsloigh for ur in cuain sin `there was a very numerous gathering at that harbour,' Stair Erc. 379. ¤thesbaid great defect, great error: cen forcraid cen imthesbaid, SR 4424. aisneided Arón fo leith | do Moisi cen imthesbaid, 4610 . ¤thréine great strength, firm grasp: as amhlaidh do bhádar agas gach fear dhíobh a gcrioslach a sgiath agas a n-imthréine a n-arm `in the grasp of their arms,' ML 124.20 . ¤thrumma great heaviness: dochúatar a n-etromuib a n-étach ┐ a n-imthromaib a n-arm `they advanced in their light dresses and in their ponderous armature,' Fianaig. 78.3 . a n-aimsir a himtruma `in the time of her pregnancy,' Lism. L. 2511. ¤úabar great pride: iné imuabor immarordus, LL 120a3 . ¤úachtar the very top: atá an cairthe sin ... is í tollta 'na hiomuachtar, Keat. ii 6297. ¤úathad loneliness: luidset laithe for Lúachair | ciarbo thaithbe imúathaid `though it was an infringement of utter seclusion,' Metr. Dinds. iii 246.74 .

(c) With verbs derived from the corresponding noun or adj.: ¤eclaigid fears greatly, becomes greatly afraid: ro imeclaigset a n-epiltin manid chuired Patraic hé i nn-iffernn, Trip.² 1017. ro imeclaigsitar na genti do sein, 486 . duine imeclaiges bás, PH 3821. no-imeclaiged Solam co mor in coimdid, 4129 . do bidg ┐ do imeclaig an macamh go mór les sin, BCC 48.29 . imeagluidh-si an Tighearna `fear the Lord,' Proverbs xxiv 21. ¤glanaid purifies, clears?: fiac nad imglanad .i. fri foglaithe, O'Curry 507 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ? to this: cach dia eol imglan rota .i. docom ar neoil fen duin it imglan rota .i. docom ar neoil fen duin it imglan na rota, 623 ( H 3.18, p. 301 ). ¤omnaigid becomes greatly afraid: bidhgais ┐ imomhnaighis ┐ ru-s-lēic a ráon madhma, Fl. Earls 232.2 .

1 smér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 smér or dil.ie/38041

 

Forms: sméra, smer

n pl. sméra. a berry, blackberry: inde slán césad Maurorum .i. nigrorum et inde mearen .i. smer addita littera s , KZ xxix 374.19 (Bodleian glosses on Chalcidius) (mearen for We. mwyaren, Stokes). is dó doratad tría rath . . . inna sméra sind fulliuch blackberries in February (Guaire), LU 9725 (= ZCP iii 218.36 ). lan beinne mo broit acum do smeruibh corra cirdhubha—isin fhailledh ro chuinnidh sisi sin, Tromd. Guaire 466 . sméra 'sna fuighlechaibh, BNnÉ 128 § 25 . Cf. 107 § 27 ff . , SG 8.20 ff . nó mérai nó cnoi bongar dia domnaich `blackberries', Mon. Tall. 132.20 (with lenited s-). sméra is áirne dub-droigin, SG 102.5 = Acall. 344 . tarasair . . . in mháthair for lomrad a smer don mhuine, Lism. L. 1891 . a sméra áille uagha, | a chna, a airne ionnúara, BS 110.7 . sméar dubh a gealbhláth ghlan, DDána 42.34 . dresa . . . lan do smeraib, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . smēranna drisi = mora celsi, RSláinte 5072 . s.¤ grianáin a mulberry (?): le smeruibh grianain, Rosa Angl. 220.25 . Cf. sméra gréine Sléibe da Duma, RC xiii 46 § 29 ( sméra na gréine, SG 364.29 ). smera . . . sceachaire haws, Acall. 729 .

In comparisons: duibithir re ṡméraib, Acall. 6636 - 41 v.l. (of hair). go mbraoi mar smeór foghmhair, Hackett xxi 27 .

Cf. 2 mér.