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ad-cuimben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cuimben or dil.ie/405

 

Forms: athchum(m)aid, adrochmaither, aidchuimthe, athchumma

v (*ath-com-ben-) strikes, cuts, wounds, lacerates . Later athchum(m)aid. adomchumben a dule its leaves tear me, Corm. Tr. 8. x . at[h]cuman amail rainn (leg. rind?), iterdiben amail faebar, ZCP iv 243.23 . eisce adcumann arm, O'Curry 245 ( H 3.18, 141 ) = atcuimen, 626 ( ib. 303 ); adcuimen, O'D. 868 ( H 3.17, 621 - 622 ) `a wound which a weapon inflicts', Plummer MS notes. huilliu adcumnet indate chlaidib `they wound', Ml. 77a1 . cichsit hÉrendmaig . . . atacumbat echtraind secht mbél fri firu Goedel (a prophecy), ZCP xiii 379.4 (fut. 3 pl.?). athcummaid amal rinne, LL 371a34 . athchummass cach immad, LL 243b6 , `wounds', TTr. 1981 . is bidba delg athchummas chness, LL 13802 . nóathcumad cech aén (of a demon), Lat. Lives 95.x . ? athcummai (atcumcai, v.l.) a delg, LL 14241 (rhet.) ro athchummai M. `he wounded M', TTr.² 1415 . ro cirred iarom ind lám sin ┐ ro hathchummad, LU 7995 . gur h-athc[h]umaid aighthi na mīled, ML² 1733 . ma adrochmaither , O'Curry 808 ( H 3.18, 374a (subj. pres. sg. pass.).

Part. aidchuimthe gl. cauteriatam, Wb. 28c17 .

Vn. athchumma.

cáech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáech or dil.ie/7571
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj I o, ā

(a) blind in one eye: caech gl. luscus, Sg. 24b1 . sí c.¤ losc oc blégon bó triphne, LU 6248 (TBC). As a pn sobriquet: Ingcél Caech, BDD² 221 . for Congal (sic leg.) caech, Laws iv 178.13 . Alaxander maic Pilib caeich, ZCP vi 88.13 (note p. 164). mic Airmeadhaigh Chaoich, Keat. iii 2414 . Also with túath-, see 2 túath-, and leth-. In more general sense purblind, dimsighted : cāech a ceco, quasi cāech .i. ōn dailli, Corm. Y 218 . O'Mulc. 196 . a bel cailligi caiche, IT iii 103 § 200 . bíonn an fhearg caoch ionnas nách leigion sí do dhuine na neithe bhíos ro-sholus d'fhaicsin, Párl. na mB. 1379 . móel cáich (n. pr.), Thes. ii 251.15 . Of an animal: intan roba chaech . . . in sét, O'D. 1629 (H 5. 15, 16).

(b) Extended applications. Of seed, nuts , etc. empty : cnoi caecha, LL 13579 . is cutal caille .i. cnú cāech nó dule feda, O'Mulc. 757 . amhail bhīos cnū caoch ar choll, ZCP x 51.12 . acht cná caocha dá ngoirthear / cnuas na gcrann neimh-fhis . . . / tré nach faghar uatha iar sgéith / toradh acht ainbhios uile, Content. xvi 85 . cruithneacht chaoch, TSh. 4653 . is cnú chaech nad bí ammáin … cách na déni toil in Ríg 'he is an empty nut whose nutriment does not exist … everyone who does not do the will of the King' LL v 36780 , Stud. Hib. xix 33 . In sense of defective metrically, see caíche and IGT Metr. Faults §§ 108 - 115 .

II As subst. person blind in one eye: di chaich, di daill, Laws i 124.z . di ch.¤ .i. bec de rusc aice. di d. .i. in ben lan dall, 140.33 Comm. bacach ┐ c.¤ ┐ clam, Vita Br. 38 . fer ro chunnig a oenṡúil ón chaech, LL 13294 ( RC viii 48 ). ? sescbaid cade sund in cæch / forsa torchair Congal cloth, Ériu v 240.142 . c.¤ láibe mole(?): 's an chliar go cleasach le cealgaibh bláithe / aca dá gcaochadh ina gcaoch láibe, Hackett² xliii 172 .

Compds. re tecmaisin ... caechadbaidh (sic), no dluigisidhe isin niubhar, O'Curry 1863 ( 23 P 3, 20a ). caechadh buighi . . . ┐ dlusaighi do lestraibh, 1103 ( H 3.18, 447b ). caochad baidhe ┐ dluthsighi .i. deirge dhe do lestraibh, O'D. 803 ( H 3.17, 576 ). Cf. 1 odbach? a chaech[ḟ]oguir ┐ chomraid rig nime (of Mary) hidden, veiled, mysterious , YBL 163b35 . cna cáochmhogail, O'R. Poems 220 . archangilica urtica mortua .i. caochnendog, ACL i 330 § 2 . an chaochruadh (of a woman), DDána 120.22 .

cnú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnú or dil.ie/9776
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: chnú, cnaoi, cnai, chno, cnó, cnu, cnóe, cnoi, cnói, cnoi, cnæ, cn, cnó, chnáo, chno, cnóib, cnó, cna, cnaoí, cna, cno, cnúa, cnúithe, cna, cna, cnúithe, cnait[h]e, cnaibh, cnoibh

n u, f. GOI 197 ; treated as m. in ref. to men: cnú caech, Fél. 156.7 . an cnú do chnuas Gh., Ir. Syll. Poetry 23 § 1 . n s. in chnú , RC viii 56.y . a s. cnaoi, LU 7329 (BDD). RC viii 56.x . cnai, Celtica ii 80.329 . g s. chno, Thes. i 5.38 . cnó, LU 8121 ( FB 9 ). cnu, O'Curry 860 ( H 3.18, 388 marg. inf.) (poss. g p.). n p. cnoe, Thes. ii 249.7 . cnóe, LL 27688 . Ériu iv 138.z . cnoi, Mon. Tall. 13 . cnói, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.27 . cnoi, LL 13579 . cnæ, Ériu vii 197.17 . cn, ZCP v 22 § 16 . cnó, Ériu xiii 26.20 . g p. chnáo, ZCP xii 366.9 . chno, Auraic. 1183 . Ériu xix 60.5 . d p. cnóib, Metr. Dinds. iii 130.31 . Later with n s. cnó, Airne F. 354 . d s. cna, IGT Decl. ex. 68 . cnaoí, O'R. Poems 974 . n p. cna, BS 116.17 . PBocht 1.4 . cno(: so), DDána 9.7 . cnúa, IGT Decl. ex. 1783 . cnúithe, § 98 . a p. cna, BCC 24 . cna proscribed form, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . cnúithe, Decl. ex. 1780 . ch.¤ , Introd. § 80 . Decl. ex. 614 . cnait[h]e, 23 K 42, 166.4 . d p. cnaibh, DDána 2.9 . cnoibh, Dánfhocail 208 . c.¤ f., IGT Decl. §§ 83 , 98 , 203 .

Nut : cnū .i. cāiniu .i. millsi oldati na toraid aile, Corm. Y 348 . feis for bloescaib cno `spending the night . . . on nutshells', Ériu xix 60.5 . teinm cno, O'Curry 769 ( H 3.18, 362a ). ba meti cend fir in ch.¤ , RC viii 56.x . bruithter cno, Ériu xiii 24.10 . a chna, a airne ionnúara, BS 110.8 . an ch.¤ ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . an chraobhshlat gan chnaoi (of Mary after death of Christ), xxvi 38 . is iad na cnó gnae, crand bis isin doman toir ┐ cnó ḟasas air . . . cona[d] dib sin dognither na bleighedha buis comardaigther risna cornaib buabaill . . . cedfaid Ferdomain . . . epscop Chille Dara . . . conadh iad na cna imais iad, O'Curry 1009 ( H 3.18, 429a ). Cf. O'Curry 352 ( H 3.18, 193c ), O'Dav. 539 . See gnóe. síltair sopur na Segsa / . . . ó thuitit cnói Crínmoind cain, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.27 . dona cnoib Segsa, Auraic. 5317 . cnōi cuill cāinmessa hazel nuts, Ériu vii 2.19 . na cnadh coill ┐ na castáinidhe 'the hazel-nuts and the chestnuts', Corp. Astron. 168.7 . cnaí conaire 'road-nuts; food one brings with one on a journey' Celtica xiii 21 . coimmeid hi re cnai nGaeidhealaigh, Celtica ii 80.329 `hazel nut' Gloss. in ch.¤ gædhilach gl. auellana (leg. Abellana) nux barua, RC ix 226.3 . auillani .i. na cno mora, ACL i 28 § 91 . bliadain na gcnó bfhinn `white nuts', ALC i 84.4 . cnú francach walnut, RC ix 238 58b . slata . . . do crann cno bhfrancach, Gen. xxx 37 . c.¤ cāech nó dule feda. O'Mulc. 757 . See cáech. c.¤ ḟás see 1 fás. asna cnaibh seasga, Oss. v 90.10 . Of nut-shell used as vessel: lan lestair na cno, O'Curry 588 ( H 3.18, 290 ). dorinneas lán ch.¤ do chantain, Ó Bruad. iii 214.y `to fulfil all due', n.; see also cnúlestar below. ?Of container for ink: do mhill olcus na cnu ┐ in membruim inn, O'Curry 860 ( H 3.18, 388 marg. inf.).

In transf. senses: ? nach diongna sé acht cóir fan gcnaoi `exacts justice in every trifle', Aithd. D. 84.1 . a ch.¤ fholamh na n-ainmhian (of the body), DDána 1.12 . mo ch.¤ is mo chiste-se (of harp made of hazel), Keat. Poems 281 . Of persons: c.¤ caech `blind nut' (of sinner), Fél. 156.7 . is cnú chaech … cách na déni toil in Rig 'anyone who does not do the will of the King is an empty nut', LL 36780 , Stud. Hib. xix 33 . Frequ. in laudatory sense: c.¤ ós coill, O'R. Poems 1685 , see n. an treas c.¤ don chrobhaing (of Holy Spirit), DDána 9.6 . ní Dáibhith . . . / ná Pól . . . / . . . a ch.¤ chothrom `neither D. . . . nor Paul . . . was his type', Ó Bruad. ii 194.8 .

In phrases: c.¤ chumhdaigh, c.¤ chroidhe, c.¤ choisi (acht na cnúithe coisi), IGT Decl. § 98 . is mé a c.¤ chridi glé darling, LU 8331 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ mo chraidhi, Acall. 4876 . a ch.¤ cheannsa na rosc `tender darling', Ó Bruad. i 8.15 . Cf. c.¤ na cclíar, Párl. na mB. 3816 . c.¤ chumhdaigh dar gcrobhuing féin protector (of Christ), Aithd. D. 75.40 . cnū mhullaigh na macroidhe, O'R. Poems 364 `the highest (i.e. most desirable) nut', Gloss M. c.¤ ós crobhaing `renowned above heroes', AFM v 1636.7 . See mullach, mocol.

Compds. With nouns. oired cnúboithe bochtáin tiny bothy, Caithr. Thoirdh. 3.x . ar mess chnó-chaille Achad `nut-grove', Metr. Dinds. iii 388.34 . dream ród g-cnofhídh- bhadh g-cruinn `of round-nutted woods', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 354.7 . .u. bainde . . . a cnulestar lán the hollow of a nut, O'Curry 587 ( H 3.18, 290 ). in chétna dabach . . . ro díscáil . . . amal chnómaidm `like the breaking of a nutshell', TBC-LL² 1195 . mes mor etir cnomes ┐ daurmes hazelnuts(?), AU i 336.21 .

With adjj.: barr dess dornach / collān cnóbeac `of tiny hazelnuts', K. and H. 14 . ósin chlár chnóboc, LL 1281 ( BB 34a3 ). Cf. cnóbog .i. bog oirdheirc, O'Cl. na bhfeadh collbán, cnóbuidi, Ériu iv 228.4 . coull ut dicitur cno-car fer .i. cach ag ithe a cno, Auraic. 4279 . crích cnóidhearcach cláir Chualonn, Top. Poems² 1047 . na gcuan gcnódhonn, DDána 111.8 . cach coll cno-gel, Hy Fiach. 272.10 .

With vb.: gor' cnomuidh a cride indti `broke like a nut', Dinds. 2 ( RC xv 289 ). O'Cl. Metr. Dinds. iii 158.12 .

creitem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. creitem or dil.ie/12843

 

Forms: creidimh, croidimh, creideamh, croideamh, creideam, creidim, croideam, croidim, creidemain, croidemain, credemuin, croidemuin, creideadh, chreidmhe

ā, f. vn. of creitid. Later also o, m. creidimh croidimh f., IGT Decl. § 150 . creideamh croideamh m., § 101 . creideam creidim croideam croidim, Verbs § 72 . creidemain, croidemain f., IGT Decl. § 10 . credemuin, croidemuin, Verbs § 73 . creideadh, Luc. Fid. 4269 . g s. an chreidmhe (required by metre), Dán Dé vi 5 . Desid. 3648 .

(a) act of believing; act of coming to believe, being converted : sochude do creittim triaprecept, Wb. 1b5 . arranert ahiress dochretim gl. confortatus est in fide, 2d1 . hires creitme iesu christi gl. per fidem solam, 2b8 . 4d4 . cretem dúibsi `your believing', 15a6 ; 5a1 ; 4b28 ; 10a29 ; 12c39 . as doilig do creitiumh, Ériu ii 118 § 55 . sgél bus cóir do chreideamhuin, IGT Verbs ex. 662 .

With obj. gen.: cretem cetheora persann `a belief in four Persons', Tur. 86 . intesamni (leg. innesamni, note) indfirieín dut chreitimsiu `to believe Thee', Ml. 142b2 . dochretim adeachte gl. credentibus in eum, Wb. 2d6 ; 4d27 . trichretim iesu christi , 2b6 ; 13d28 . atomriug . . . / . . . / cretim treodatad `through belief in the threeness', Thes. ii 354.26 . creidem dúle trust in creatures, Imr. Brain 47 . cretem na hesergi, PH 6738 . ar dāigh creidmi in c[h]uirp atchī i.e. that men might believe in the real presence, RC xxxvii 348 § 55 . innus nacharb eitir a creidimain, Fier. 49 .

With follg. noun clause: arnap samlid beith ær creitemni condib sain persan maic de ┐ maic duini linn gl. ut ne quaternitatem faciamus in Trenitate, Tur. 86 . cretem dait linfider dogin horath that thou shouldst believe that etc., Ml. 103a10 . is cretem laisiom nipa menic, Mon. Tall. 148.x . doratsat creidemain gur uo fīr-bríathra, Fl. Earls 128.22 . a chreidiomh . . . go ttiubhradh Dia, Desid. 718 .

With follg. prepp.: is díriug dúib cretem do `to believe in him', Wb. 17b32 . mad ail deit cretim do Christ, PH 2465 . nír fhágoibh / . . . / ach aonmhac dar chóir creideamh `in whom he could place his hopes', O'Hara 1424 . is córa creideamhain do sheanchus Éireann i san nídh seo, Keat. i 44.5 . leabhair . . . da nach coir creideamh do thabhairt, Luc. Fid. 4260 . trichretim inísu faith in Jesus, Wb. 3c2 . 3d19 ; 15a33a ; 19c12 ; 27a2 . ácretem india gl. non est creditus, etc., Ml. 97b2 . ar baí cretim in óenDé oc C., LU 4045 . ba handsu do creidium a mmil mbeannach, Ériu ii 118.y . do chreideamh a Ndía, Acts xvi 34 . do chur cretmi . . . indib, PH 2827 .

(b) belief, faith, (Christian) religion: inchretem gl. fides, Ml. 108c13 . isin cretim gl. in cuius fidem, 113b5 . fo bíth creitme on account of religion, Críth G. 605 . fororbairt in chretem, Fél. Prol. 173 . do siladh bathuis ┐ credme, Laws i 4.16 . a conn na creitme gloine (of Mary), Blathm. 149 . fo déig na fírinni ┐ na cretmi, LU 4096 . brissed in chredim, PH 7815 . creidiomh dóchas ┐ grádh, Parrth. Anma 3157 . on ccreidiomh catholcda, Hugh Roe² 122.9 .

Attrib. g s. is tú m'athair collaide, G. . . . m'athair creidmi `father in the faith', Todd Nenn. 90.11 . aes creidme religious , Laws ii 120.7 Comm. cend creidme cāich, ZCP viii 202.32 . an sechran creidmhe ata ort, BCC 80.6 . fo chuing chreidmhe ┐ crābaidh, Fl. Earls 100.14 .

Of coming of Christianity: ar ba mór in cumachta demnach ria cretim, LU 4035 . cöic rīg trīchat . . . / ō chraitim, Ériu xvii 38 § 1 (see n.). iar ccreideimh in Erinn, Cog. 202.27 . o congabad in insi so co creitium, Laws i 16.12 . Ulaid ria cretim cruiche, Metr. Dinds. iv 154.117 .

(c) credit, credibility, good standing : an síodh gá chara i gcreideamh `being thus assured', PBocht 12.25 . na séala chóir creideamhna `of credibility', A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 24 . ná brégnaigh Flaithrí fuair creideamh, SGS iv 144 § 24 . in t-Ectoir intamlaigtech . . . ar credium (of a leader), Cog. 186.28 . baí hi ccion ┐ hi ccreideamhain . . . ag an mbainrioghain, AFM vi 2088.3 . do chlú ┐ do chreideamhuin, Párl. na mB. 1828 . Prob. also in this sense (as vn.): maithi T.M do creidium do `who was acknowledged by the nobles of T., AU ii 474.26 . a credemain do Mac Uilliam Clainni Ricairt ar sindsirecht, Ann. Conn. 1401.10 .

cutal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cutal or dil.ie/14044

 

adj ba cutul in comthochmarc (: Lutur) `futile', Metr. Dinds. iii 82.64 . in chomairli at-biri-siu / is [s]í ním déni c.¤ , Sc.M² 3 `weak', Gloss. Expld. as empty, blind (of nuts): cutail .i. forbas, O'Dav. 461 . cutail .i. caoch no fas, ut est arna fargaba í cein cutail .i. i cáe tuill no a cae for forbais cutail (.i. fás) .i. caoch, 502 . c.¤ .i. a cutilia .i. ō leidb .i. nī ā a brig quam ledb de cute , O'Mulc. 257 . is c.¤ caille .i. cnú cāech nó dule feda, 757 . cutall .i. fás, O'Curry 93 ( H 3.18, 66b ). cudal .i. saoth no olc, O'Cl.

See cútha(i)l.

2 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dál or dil.ie/14345
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dálae, dála, dáil, dáil, dála, dálaib, dáil

n ā, f. g s. dálae, dála. a s. dáil. d s. dáil. pl. nom. acc. dála. d p. dálaib.—n s. later dáil.

I

(a) A meeting with (fri): bái oc frithairi na aidchi contuli tráth a dála, IT i 126. 19 . ticc iarum in ingen assa dáil, ib. 11 . ní arnicc Ailill a dáil, ib. 127. 18 . noco dernad ríu mo dál, ib. 224. 20 . Aas and nobidh a dalsom fri Creid, Anecd. i 14. 25 . dál itir Aedh ┐ Cathal, AU i 194. 2 . is truag in dál, TBC-LL¹ 4098 . dursan do dál dédenach, ib. 4036 (but dál, 3512 is probably the vn. of the preceding radáled). dálas dáil, Fianaig. 10. 5 . fil mo dáilse (mo dálsa l. 3 ) fris innocht, Hib. Min. 77. 21 . docein doroacht do dáil, Fianaig. 10 , 11 . inna cóic dáloi a ricfom .i. dál fri cneid dál fri bás dál fri muintir nDé dál fri demno dál fri hesérgi allaithiu brathæ, ZCP iii 455. 2 . atá ar ndal go ríg na roth, ib. vii 304. 12 . druim re deman dál re Dia, ACL iii 306. 10 . dail fria cnes fria caemchichi, LL 179 a 40 . dogén airius dála frib ann, PH 3008 . dál báis a meeting with death (cf. IV): co rosfargbais i ndáil báis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20. 8 . darsin ndáil i tiagsa .i. dál báis, RC xiii 387 . ria ndul i ndáil báis, MacCongl. 29. 26 ; 81. 11 . conid foichlidhi do cachæn in dal derb ┐ an dal inderb... .i. dail bais, Ériu v 120. 1 . dál éco ( = W. dadyl angheu) id. dochta do neoch dálas dáil facbas dáil néco fri láim, Fianaig. 10. 5 . Cf. da ttecmadh éc dála dam is ar méd grádha Gaoidheal, Reeves Ad. 288. 3 . Without qualifier: hi llaithiu dāla, Rawl. B 502 124 b 55 = ina ló dála, Fing. R. 261 . dál fo demi, v. 1 deime below.

(b) a hostile meeting, an encounter: tiagam issin dail sea do chosnam ind ḟir sea, TBC-LL¹ 3258 . techt i ndáil ailt Ulad is dal dia mbia pudar, ib. 3271 . ratfíat láich rat láma noco raga ar dála, ib. 3053 . dian a buille dond a dál, Metr. Dinds. ii 16. 4 . ... in debhaid dál adcíu, ACL iii 297. 1 (cf. bág atchíu, 294. 19 ), cf. 297. 7 . cia robói do dál ri nech robí do dál dedenach, TFerbe 453 . meni thæth...lemsa man dailse, CRR 8. 14 . gair ri dogur dál ri dimbuaid, ib. 44. 22 . LL 195 a 39 , 43 . ropsat liri a ndála ropsat láma trena, ib. 46 a 19 . gan dáil gan glíaid ZCP viii 229 st 7 . dáil glecach gonach, Cog. 158. 4 . dál díbeirge, Lec. 353 b 24 . druideamaoid na choinne san dáil, Oss. i 128. 3 . is nach cuibhe dhuit gan seasamh le Daolchiabh a ndáil, ib. iv 154. 28 . dob iomdha buille ┐ béim san dáil, Stowe-MS F iv a, p. 78. 6 . gur bhain lena chloidhiomh san treas deich ndála asa chorp caoindheas, ib. 9 . dál-ingabáil avoiding of battle MR 294. 17 .

prep do dáil towards, against : ná toraig dot dáil in bé thondgel, LL 147 a 6 . eirc...┐ finnta latt cid thacras Déicc diar ndáil, PH 1042 .

prep i ndáil n- (acc.) towards (cf. i comdáil n-, i coinne): co ti a ndrong im dhail sea, Gorm. Aug. 19 . totáisiu imbarach im dailsi, IT i 126. 17 (cf. l. 2 ). do fóidiudsiu im dailse, ib. 126. 25 . cía so thú dodeochaid im dáil, 127. 20 . dul it dail, 128. 1 . tinóilid a slóghu libh im dáil-si. CCath. 1358 . intan ba mithigh do dul ina dáil, IT 126. 6 . luid ina dailseom, 126. 20 (cf. l. 7 ). tráth a dála totaet Étáin ina dáil , 127. 16 . tic ina dáil, 127. 2 . ní bá rí noco tí nar ndáil, LU 119 b 11 . ní thíset nar ndáil, LL 308 b 1 . is mochergech in læch radáil nar ṅdáil, TBC-LL¹ 3296 . in fer thic it dail, ib. 3075 . techt i ndáil, ib. 3270 . tancatar...i ndáil in chatha to the battle TTr. 1841 . tair im dáil, Ériu v 223. 69 . rachaid misi a ndáil éga, Anecd. i 39. 17 . gan ergi ina dail, Fen. 234. 14 . Danuib ria [n]dess sair na dail (sc. the river Don), Rawl. 78 b 19 . tuic inní atá id dál, SG i 18. 40 . dul i ndail chuirp Christ, PH 5340 . ní doilge leiss dul na dáil andás i ndáil cech bíid chena, ib. 5348 . manip amlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta mori se, ib. 5349 . ar eagla feirge chur na ndáil, Oss. iii 282. 7 . rochuimhnigheas ar theacht am dháil, ib. 248. 11 . an dís úd ag teacht na ndáil, iv 96. 2 ; 254. 2 . asa dtigeadh nach iad na dháil, 126. 12 . tionól do bhuidhean ad dháil, 68. 2 . ag triall na dháil, 250. 7 .— triallaidh im dháilse na huile ṡanntuigheas me, TSh. 52. 7 (similarly 245. 18 ). tiocfad id dháil, ib. 4. 34 ; 74. 13 . fógair dhain teacht id dháil arna huisgib, 60. 24 . ag teacht na dháil, 66. 35 ; cf. 248. 21 . rachad i ndáil mathar féin, 244. 17 . gurab gan ḟios tiocfas i ndáil an duine, 74. 12 ; 74. 14 ; cf. 90. 7 , 192. 29 , 206. 2 , 244. 17 .

prep i ndáil (dat.) near, along with (cf. II), cf. i comdáil. Mod. i ndáil le near, Aran and W. Conn. ( GJ xxxii 128 ); in mod. MSS sometimes a ná le. im dhail ad dirim, Gorm. March 22 . Petar Subhne Seuer...co deghmin nar ndailne, ib. Jan. 11 . Perpetuus Cathub...nar ndailne, ib. Apr. 8 . sciath rígh Teabhtha seo na dáil together with it ZCP viii. 227 . im dáil: Fionn san ḟiann gan stad am dháil, Oss. iii 290. 16 . dá mairfeadh Conán am dháil, iv 22. 27 ( am chomhdháil, vi 14. 22 ). iv 80. 3 . it dáil: an bhfuil Fionn san ḟiann ad dháil, iii 248. 27 . ó tá truagh as taise ad dháil, iii 274. 27 . beidh ad dháil Aodh Beag, iv 74. 3 ; vi 26. 15 . (in)na dáil: rochuir chugam an tṡáith aráin as deoch na dháil and a drink together with it iii 278. 24 . is leor do ṡeanoir an phian mar atá as gan tuilleadh na dáil without adding to it iii 286. 3 . dothriall annsúd aran bhféinn Oscur as Aodh na dháil, iv 82. 18 . gan sluagh ná tóir na dháil, iv 120. 3 . ní iarann (sc. Dia) tóir catha go deó na dháil, iv 122. 22 . (in)nár ndáil: san ḟiann uile nár ndáil go dlúth, vi 10. 2 . dḟág sinn uile faoi gheasaibh na dtuile nár ndáil, vi 48. 10 . (in)na ndáil: gan teirce a bhfonn na ndáil, iv 140. 36 .

prep imm dáil n- around, near, along with: beit mom dáil cen dimbaig Cionia chaid, Gorm. Apr. 3 . beit móm dáil in dremsa, ib. Apr. 27 .

prep ó dáil away from: an ḟiann óm dháil ar cheal the fiann being gone from me Oss. iii 276. 2 .

II A meeting, conference, assembly, convention; a legal meeting, court . Often connected with 1 airecht, comthinól, 1 oenach, terchomrac, tochomrac. For -dál as a collective suffix see ban-dál. dál .i. airecht ut est robbé uas bar ndálaib ( = Fél. Ep. 63 ), O'Dav. 644 . dál as chomtig fri dáma, Thes. ii 329. 1 . Frequent in the Laws: caite dail? ní adgelltar .i. in leth ingellus neach dul ┐ muna dech biaid smacht urcraidi dala uad ... mada ndech noco nuil smacht urcraidi dala uad, Laws iii 330. 1 . fuírech i ndail i mbi ri, ii 128. 19 . do les dala nó airechta, ii 214. 17 . teora tomaltu ata córai do ríg fora tuaitha oenach ┐ dal do cundrech ┐ tocomrac do chrich, iv 332. 17 . co dail críchi búi la tri cenéla saera a territorial meeting i 78. 17 . athgabáil dechmaide fil...im cach ndail críche, i 192. 11 . im lot do aibinne .i. do suide dala thy convention seat i 170. 15 (cf. dál-ṡuide below). má teccmai líth laithe nó dail no thochomracc tuaithe, v 396. 21 (gl. l. 25 : dail .i. oenaigh). fri gell fri dail fri dígail, ii 268. 16 . bla dúnad dal, iii 240. 22 (cf. is immi conéirgitis fri dala ┐ dúnada RC xiii 373. 4 ). dal .i. in dal ima comtinoilter ann, Laws 25 Comm. . timtach fir is gnáth a ndáil, v 238. 19 ( .i. a ndail aonaig, ib. 242. 17 Comm. ). iar tiachtain dóib don dail ropritchad soscéla Críst dóib, i 14. 15 .— is fairsing a ṅdálsom, Fél. Oct. 28 . attecham na hóga doairset ar ṅdála, ib. Sept. 20 . robrúithea i ndálaib, ib. Prol. 33 . it ruama co ndálaib co cétaib co mílib, ib. 211 . noddlomaim fíad dálaib before assemblies, i.e. openly ib. 133 . robbe uas bar ṅdálaib, ib. Ep. 63 . addreset na degḟir...mor ndalaib, Gorm. Apr. 22 . is iatso ríg bátar isin dail sin, IT i 212. 26 . rohordaigeadh smachta ┐ rechta ┐ dligheadha... isin dail sin, ib. iii 198. 22 . Feis Temrach...┐ fir nÉrenn isin dail sin uili, ib. 198. 25 . nach dal ┐ nach oirecht con-rísar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210. 5 . terchomrac dagdaoine dala menci, Tec. Corm. 3 . fá ma nadhmolad fiad righaibh isnaib dálaib, ACL iii 294. 4 . ó dosnectar ina ndalaib, ib. 298. 3 , cf. ib. 294. 24 . is ferr (var. lect. maith) cech dal dia tic síd, LL 147 b 26 . (fir Hérend) i noenbaile ┐ i noendáil ┐ i noentochim, TBC-LL¹ 820 . intan nothéigmis don dáil, Festschr. Stokes 3. 12 . i ndálaib ┐ airechtaib ┐ i comthinoltaib læch ┐ clérech, FA 31 . isé dano (forcetul) nopridchad i mmórdáil fer nÉrend, ib. 32 . Ériu co nimad ndála (g s. or of 4 dál RC xxxvii 14 ) FDG 532 . dochumm na dála, Three Hom. 60. 14 . boi dail (sic) mor la Bretnu...luidsom don dail, Lism. L. 48. 3 . ocht neascoib deg ar tri cetaib isin dail sin, MacCarthy 284. 19 . egnaidh Insi Fáil do díth a dáil nGaeidheal, AFM ii 602. 12 . cen luige do thabairt fo dáil ar domun, PH 2684 . amal dogniat inna brécaire i ndálaib ┐ i ndairechtaib, ib. 5947 (cf. 6055 ).

aes dála advocates : mná nád éta urlabra .i. ná fuair aes dala, Laws v 252. 26 .

dál brátho, in dál mór the last judgment : bid mou a onóir i ndail bratha, PH 1601 . is imalle ticfat i ndáil brátha, ib. 1652 . co nérius fén...i mórdáil lai brátha, ib. 3444 . bidat marthanaig...co mórdáil bratha, FA 6 . co tí in dál már, ACL iii 313. 17 .

III A law-case, a cause, case; a dispute, controversy (W. dadl debate, dispute): dal .i. caingin ut est dal dia ngetar a mbrugh .i. is caingin dia ngetar, O'Dav. 586 . ó bus tar muir ticfa dacra a dala a roga brethemon i nÉirinn dó, Laws i 6 22 . isé is fiadh naise imna dálaib ima fuiglither he is witness in the cases which are decided H 3. 17, O'D. 580 . aes dála advocates , see II. dala ile fri aes cerd, RC xxvi 40. 1 . is amnus dam beith isin dail sin itir dia ┐ duine, Laws i 6. 25 . imodcuiri fein it [d]alaibh act for thyself in thy causes IT iii 200. 29 . is mór nodcuiri ┐ nodgabai féin id dhalaib, ib. 201. 1 . nír bo chucumsa robo chóir dál inna caurath sin do thabairt, FB 56 . bretha córa for cach dáil ised dlegair do cach ríg, Rawl. 158. 9 . gan dáil gan gliaid gan gaisgead, ZCP viii 229 . na tagra a dáil co fergach, ZCP vi 271. 24 . dál do gleod to settle a controversy, decide. bid aingcess la hUltu in dal so do gleod FB 16 . ní gleter dála lasna Déisi acht ind aidchi, Trip. 208. 23 . noglédís dála, Leb. Cert. 6 . ar ndemnigud a ndála ┐ ar cinniud a caratraid, TTr. 1764 . court : cuisnit .i. cosnait .i. cosnam dala no cos na dála forsa nairisethair in dálaige, Corm. s.v. cuisnit .

IV

(a) A judgment, decree, sentence, award, ordinance, law , decision ( legid dam-sa ar dail, Fen. 182.8 . ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698 . Cf. is mor dogni d'imrateib, 1694) : dáil .i. dlighedh. gach uile dail tobhaigh is maortigherna, H 3.17 , p. 167 . ni techtat for dail is for dail a ndligid ( .i. is for dail na haili ata doib ani dlegait, 146. 11 ), Laws i 144. 22 . Similarly 146. 10 . dál Dé, SR 3891 . do ḟochmarc a dhála imon caingin sin, IT iii 200. 27 . ná rop guach do dál, LL 148 a 30 (= KMMisc. 260 st 6 ). ná rop dál co nattail, ib. 147 a 53 . conid sí dál forsṅdesid, ib. 163 a 45 . iar ndáil dligid, ib. 163 b 2 (= Todd Lect. vii 4. 28 ). ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, ib. 209 a 53 . corbom etal risin dáil, ib. 374 c 19 . roptis fíra mo dála, ib. 307 b 28 . ní theilgset dáil ná dliged, 10 b 18 . rachunig ba fír in dál: a ainm arin cnocc comlán, Metr. Dinds. ii 72. 11 . meni digius guigfitir dala fer ┐ fírfaitir briathra ban, TBC-LL¹ 560 . in dáil adcluine así in cóir, Acall. 599 . da tísadh fo breith dála, ib. 2384 . is ann cachain in dail nasdadha do Gaidelaib, RC xii 116 . fuirech re dál rígh nime, ZCP vii 301 . mesrugud for dalaib Dé ní tarda nech for bith cé, ib. vii 307. 12 . i tucsin dála na ndéi ┐ derritiusa nimi robui sen, CCath. 998 . in cogar dorigneabair léigid damsa ar dáil, Fen. 182. 8 .—Prov. ferr dála ina deabaid, ZCP vi 260. 18 . dál báis sentence of death (cf. I above). tucsat dal (dail LL 299 b 45 ) báis ( dáil mbáis, CS 26. 10 ) forsin ríg, LU 118 b 35 ( Trip. 566. 25 ). tucsat na dúle dáil báis do Loegaire, LL 299 b 40 .—Here also: dal a talione .i. o eruic ...dal didiu arindi asrenar do cach iarna ngním, O'Mulc. 291 .

(b) an agreement, a contract, covenant; espousals; betrothal: dála gl. ceart daingin orra, Eg. Gl. 243 . dála .i. mionna, O'Cl. naidm a cor ┐ a ndála, TBC-LL¹ 2249 (YBL). dúle Dé darstánic dáil, Bor. 40 . dosgní didiu Concobur a dail (betrothal) le Subaltaine, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43 § 6 . na deun banais iar ndáil o thús corghais go mioncháisg, Donlevy 116. 14 (with solemnity Donl.; with solemnity or public proclamation, as of marriage Dinneen s.v. dáil ; with this meaning still in use in Donegal).—Cf. athair dála he that delivers the bride or bridegroom to be married P. O'C. , the bridegroom's man O'Br. dáil statute, treaty, contract, covenant, alliance P. O'C.

V (a) A case, matter, affair, state, condition, circumstance : in dail eile fores é a leth acobar a geill aga fuasluga, Laws i 282. 27 . rofitir Ádam a dáil, SR 2029 . ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic, FB 58 . inniss dam gach dal ret leass co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123. 16 . dal bróin is milti do Moen, LL 33 a 32 . sírechtach dál in bith cé, Ériu v 211. 5 . scarad friu bid dál éicne, ib. 210. 1 . ingnad dal (cheville) RC xiii 74. 3 . dál cen séna (chev.), ACL iii 295. 15 . dál arcanai (cf. mod arcanai, 298. 5 ), ib. 297. 11 . dál nad bine, ib. 15 . is dál deimin, ib. 28 . conad hé a saebforcetul sin fodera dósum dúscad cacha drochdála MR 166. 23 . innsaigeas hua Ainmirech im dáil nach dlig, ib. 158. 6 . ór thaitnid frim do dhála the manner of thee (O'Gr.), Acall. 645 . rob olc a ndála ┐ robuaildis mná, Anecd. i 46. 16 (D). in dails[e] ga trialltar lib, Fen. 350. 17 . uair is minic fásus irchóit desnadudh ┐ dimḟuirech na ndál nurlumh dogrés from delaying and procrastinating things always prepared CCath. 551 . do rédugad ┐ dordugad dhál eglasdacdha, ALC i 262. 29 . ná len don dáil fora tái do not persist in the course you are pursuing Aen. 580 . iar ccríochnucchadh a dhál ndoṁanda don iarla having settled his worldly affairs AFM vi 2234. 30 . iar ccor dal niomdha na leith having brought many other charges against him ib. 2142. 21 . gan dáil a rochtain for ccúlaibh without knowing whether they should ever return ib. 2358 , cf. mar nách biadh dáil imthechta aca, Celt. Rev. iv 206 . dobeir (cuirid) for dáil mbicc he makes little account of: doradsom for dáil mbicc ┐ for neiṁní fuighle na nuasal AFM vi 2124. 25 . rogabsom for neiṁsnim do denam de ┐ ica chur for dail mbicc ┐ for neimfni to treat it as a small matter CCath. 5014 . — tuc a ḟis lat gach dál fora mbiat, Marco P. 97 . iseadh is dáil dona mnáib this is the way with women Keat. ii 5323 . an fíreolas atá aga seanchadhaibh ar dhálaibh a sean, ib. i 104. 12 . dáil na foirne áitigheas í (sc. in críoch), ib. i 2. 4 . da madh linn gach ní ar domhan...folamh ár ndáil fa dheireadh, TSh. 167. 8 . do bhrígh gurab ionann bhur ndál, 105. 14 . ní thuigid ...gurab ionann dál don duine ┐ don ghort bheantar, 73. 24 ; similarly 4. 7 ; 4. 15 ; 7. 21 ; 21. 32 ; 65. 14 . dáil an pheacaidh, ib. 260. 8 . is iontuigthe gurab saobh an dáil don druing, 130. 11 . nó fós dáil na speile ag buain an ḟeoir, 73. 26 . ni hiongnadh an cholann do bheith tréith ré méid a duaidh ┐ a doghrainge óna dálaibh sin for these reasons 82. 24 . is minic ṁothuighmid duadh na dála sin ag buain rinn féin, 84. 18 . don druing rér bhean dochar na dála so, 152. 5 . gan anacal air ná dáil chabhra na chionn, 31. 25 . ionnus nach bí dáil chabhra na chionn, 254. 28 . dál nóentuma lot of virginity Metr. Dinds. ii 58. 12 . Probably here: intan rosiacht cusna dála dédenchu do when his last hour had come PH 6602 (but cf. deden-dal the last tryst); cf. s.v. déidenach, dídenach. Personified: slán riot a Ḟinn...slán riot a ṡárdháil na gcríoch, Oss. iii 256. 7 .

don dáil sin by this occurrence, on that account ML 8. 28 .

ó nach dáil innach dáil in any way: is nemphní ┐ is nemada lind tregdad in talman ó n.d. (o nach nd. R), Alex. 859 . ní chuindig nech fortacht o [a]raile innach dail (o nach mudh R), Alex. 845 . i ndeired na dála at the end, finally , a common modern idiom. Trí Préach. 7 . Páidín 15. 22 .

(b) circumstance, event, adventure, course, story : tánac dia innisin duitsiu mo dala chucutsu siar, LU 41 a 1 . is fuilled nága dála in da ingen, LL 297 b 3 . admaim ar in rechtaire a dhala in chlaidib the story of the sword IT iii 201. 28 . oca iarfaigid cindus douicemni dála geni Críst, LB 139 a 8 . Crístt mac Muire mó gach dáil (d sg.) ZCP vii 303. 19 . roinnis Fionn dóib dáil an echtra sin, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 206 .

prep fo dáil, fo dála as regards, concerning : rochuir techta uadha go Cormac fo dháil na corma, ITS vii 61. 33 . fáitsine do dénam don ríg fo dala a ingeni, ML 154. 11 .

prep im dáil, im dála: dochuatar i comairle im dáil Stephain LB 229 b 7 . innis daṁ an ḟírinne um dáil an ṁacaoiṁ ITS v 164. 6 . nimdana...imma dala mo degríg, SR 2070 . is de bói in comthinól sin occo im dála na creitmi, LU 117 b 23 . nuchumtha ní rádim de im dala mic Deichtire, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 1484 . gnísit comuirle im dalai and óglaich, RC xii 80. 9 . um dala reatha na gréne, ib. xiv 365 . dorala do Andromacha aslinge dúaigh do ascain im dala a fir, TTr.² 1128 . mina abarthi fír frium im dála in chroind roḟalchubar, LB 232 a 22 . ata ingantus...acainde imat dalasu cindus rucad tu asin carcair, ib. 224 a 58 . indisidh in scél cétna im dála in claidib, IT iii 201. 30 . asin libar rosscríb imm dála na caingene fuil acaib, PH 21 . amal roscrib...imm dalai paisi ┐ césta himáigine Crist, ib. 28 . inní rofaillsig Dia dam im dála chuirp Stepháin, ib. 1487 .

Often only dála: dala immorro Eochada, IT i 122. 11 (= TE 8 , Eg.). dála na dá bhanchaointe, TBC-LL¹ p. 879 n. dála Ḟinn dobhér sgeula ós árd, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 66 . dála an abbadh, TSh. 140. 1 . dála ríogh na Sorcha, ITS x 82. 5 ; 110. 8 , cf. ib. 76. 30 ; 84. 11 ; 88. 1 ; 92. 15 ; 114. 21 ; 170. 28 . Keat. ii 47 , 253 , 363 , 1262 , 3098 , 6071 , &c.

do dálaib: bae in rí fo glámaib gné: do dálaib a aislingthe, SR 3278 . do dalaib ind escra sin, ib. 3580 , is derb ní tuilter do de: do dálaib na comrainne, LL 14 b 14 (= do dhaltaib, BB 42 a 26 ).

VI Astrol. a conjunction : dail go soirb re seachtmad, MS. Mat. 72 .

PERS. Gilla na nóg mac Dál-re-dochair, ALC 1281 . LOC.: Cnoc na Dála, Dinds. 132 . Cnoc Dála, Sliab Dála, P. O'C.

COMPS. generally = meeting, assembly .

(a) attáil another meeting, another decision, ban-dál, dam-dál, deden-dál, deg-dál, dóer-dál, droch-dál, écen-dál, gó-dál, grían-dál, min-dál, mór-dál, olc-dál, ríg-dál, ro-dál, tiug-dál;

(b) dál-luc, dál-ṡuide, dál-tech, q.v.—MOD. dáil, g s. dála. i ndáil towards. dála as regards. dálta, dáltha mar just as.

1 do

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do or dil.ie/17096

 

Forms: dond, donaib, dunaib, donab, dona, dond, donaibhí, dunaibh, donahí, dom, domsa, damsa, duit, dait, deit, det, dit, duid, daid, duitt, duitsiu, deitsiu, detsiu, détso, detsi, dutsi, d, do, dóu, dou, dáu, dossom, dosom, d, di, díi, disi, dúnn, dunn, duún, dúun, dún, dun, duin, dú(i)nn, dúnni, dunni, dúni, dúinniu, dúnai, dúib, duib, duíb, dib, dib, daoibh, dúibsi, dúbsi, dóib, doib, duaib, dáib, doaib, doibsom, dom, dum, dot, dut, dot, dod, do, do, dia, doa, diar, dear, dar, dia n-, doa n-, dua, dá, dia n-, da, dona, donach, do

prep. with dat., leniting (see GOI §§ 435 . 832 ).

Forms: do (usual at all periods); du often in O.Ir., Wb. 5c14 , 33b6 ; Ml. 15a16 , 16a7 , 90a7 , b13 ; Acr. 13b3 ; Thes. ii 240.16 , 241.4 , 242.10 (Ardm.), 294.4 ( SP ii 16 ), 45.29 ; du Chaissil, AU 714 ; du for fogail, SCC § 13 . dó, Ml. 15d3 . dú, Wb. 5d19 .

In Mid and early Mod. Ir. often da, dá, esp. before cech: da cech tráth, LB 261b38 ; dá cech duine, PH 3985 ; dá bar n-óid, 5963 ; da gach nduine, Keat. iii 2087 (poem).

Vowel generally elided before vowel of f: d'agbáil, SCC § 29 . d'is cech réta, § 32 ( do facbail, Laws iv 206.14 ; do foghnumh, 250.6 Comm. ).

Freq. confused with 1 de, di, q.v.

With article: sg. dond irsolcoth, Wb. 22d27 . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 . dund fercach, Ml. 22d13 . Thes. i 498.21 (Ardm.). dund insi, SCC § 17 . dunt foirbthetaid, Ml. 14c8 . dunt imluad, 15a17 . don chomursain, PH 2748 . don fhairind, 4959 . pl. donaib, Wb. 7b1 , Sg. 69b7 . dunaib, Acr. 8a2 . Thes. i 497.16 (Ardm.). dundaib (archaic), Thes. ii 247.12 ( Cambr. 38a ). donab, 33.28 . Mid. and mod. Ir. dona.

With art. and í: dond, Wb. 3c31 . pl. donaibhí, Sg. 156b7 . dunaibh, Wb. 2c10 . donahí, Ml. 46c7 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. dom (usual in Wb. and Sg.), dam (in Ml.). domsa, Wb. 3c33 , etc. damsa, TBC-LL¹ 1110 . 2 s. duit (usual in Wb. and Sg.). dait common in Ml., TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (LU). deit, Wb. 6a11 , 12 ; 28d15 , etc. LL 275a50 . det, Wb. 5b29 . dit, 5b32 . Sg. 179a4 . TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (YBL). duid, TBC-I¹ 531 . daid, 1042 (YBL). duitt, PH 7915 . duitsiu, Wb. 6b14 . deitsiu, 30a8 . detsiu, 32c12 . détso, 6c7 . detsi, IT i 130.27 . dutsi, PH 4092 . 3 s. m. and n. commonly d, Wb. 1c12 ; 1d20 , etc. do, 2a2 ; 2c6 , etc. dóu, Trip. 218.24 . dou, Todd Lect. vi 57.10 . dáu, Trip.² 2862 . Trip. 338.22 . Thes. ii 294.3 ( SP ii 15 ). With emphasizing part. vowel usually short: dossom, Wb. 6d10 ; 9d8 . dosom, 3b7 , etc., Ml. 14a4 . f. d, Wb. 11c13 , etc. di, 7b3 . díi, Fél. 4.9 . With emphasizing part.: disi, ACL iii 309.10 . 1 p. dúnn, Wb. 2d13 ; 25c9 , etc. dunn, 26b1 . duún, 3a12 ; 4b10 ; 25c10 . dúun, 4b11 ; 10c21 . dún, 14c8 ; 20d15 , etc. dun, 14c9 . duin, FB § 49 . In later lang. dú(i)nn. With emphasizing part.: dúnni, Wb. 1a3 ; 3c15 . dunni, Ml. 110d12 , 13 . dúni, 121b13 . dúinniu, IT i 129.2 . dúnai (: clūdhai), ACL iii 298 § 58 . 2 p. dúib, Wb. 3b8 , 12 ; 6c25 , etc. duib, 13b3 ; 33b8 . duíb, 24a26 . In Mid. Ir. also dib, PH 761 , 1075 ; dib, 1433 . In later lang. daoibh. With emphasizing part.: dúibsi, Wb. 3b13 . dúbsi, 15d8 (a prima manu). 3 p. dóib, Wb. 6c24 ; 30d8 , etc. doib, 1d6 ; 12b2 . duaib, Thes. ii 238.13 ; 240.17 (Ardm.). dáib, PH 7392 . doaib, Sg. 50a3 . AU 687 , 797 . SR 7272 (sic leg.). With emphasizing part.: doibsom, Wb. 13a31 . ¤sem, 28d19 .

With poss. 1 s. dom: dum, Thes. ii 241.12 ; dumm imdídnaad, 13 . 2 s. dot: dut, Ml. 2d5 . Mid. Ir. dot, dod, do do. 3 s. dia; doa, Anecd. iii 48.5 ; 58.9 . 1 p. diar, Wb. 2d2 . dear (archaic), Thes. ii 245.8 (Cambr.) Mid.Ir. also dar: dár ṅdeeb-ni, PH 709 . 2 p. do far fírianugud, Wb. 3b27 . do bor mbrethugud, FB § 57 . do bar taig, SR 4829 . dia bhar saighidh, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . 3 p. dia n-. doa n-, Fianaig. 34.12 . Mon. Tall. § 59 , 62 . dua, RC xi 452.141 . Later also dá. See ZCP xxiv 227 ; xxv 254 .

With rel. dia n-: indí dia ruchretsid-si, Wb. 8c11 . intí dia ndílgid-si, 14d24 . secht mbráthre dia mbo . . . carcar, Fél. July 10 . dua mberar, Mon. Tall. § 11 . See 1 is. Mid. Ir. also da (dá): dontí da tucus, IT i 124.22 . With neg. dona, donach: dona-robu gnath, Ml. 129d3 . fer . . . dunar-ructhae act oentuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 (Ardm.). do nach bis on to him who has it not, Laws iv 240 .

With alaile (araile): dialailiu, Ml. 87d13 . IT i 67.8 . díarailiu, FB § 55 . diaroli fir, PH 1483 .

To, for, etc. Used in O.Ir. Glosses (a) to translate Lat. ad, Wb. 3b14 ; 30d10 ; 16b5 (cid do uáir gl. etsi ad horam, the Lat. being literally translated), Tur. 35 . Ml. 15a16 ; 16a8 . Sg. 3b30 ; 67b10 ; 188a18 ; 217a7 . Thes. i 498.23 . (b) to render a dat., Wb. 9b8 ; 18c2 ; 28a5 . Ml. 2d10 ; 15b8b ; 17c11 . Sg. 20a6 ; 41b12 ; 69b7 ; 193a3 ; 209b6 ; 214a3 . Acr. 8a2 ; 13b3 . PCr. 65b2 . Thes. ii 34.29 ; cf. Caeur .i. do Chaieur (Cáieur being explained as dat. of Cáier), Corm. Y 698 . Hence:

A Introducing the terminus ad quem; in phrases expressing purpose, etc.

I Of destination after vbs. of motion, etc.: cumtach don fothu building to the foundation, Wb. 8c18 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . lotar dia crích, FB § 56 . eirg dot thoigh, BS 44 . ho persin do persin, Sg. 209b12 . o thír do thír, SR 6835 . a inad d'inad, Laws iv 36.12 . With ellipse of vb. of motion: co cúalatar culgaire carpait dund insi (coming) to the island, SCC § 17 . Hence with pron. 3 s. n. expressing motion, see 2 dó. With abstracts: massu thol atomaig do that drives me to it, Wb. 10d26 . adcuiretar do hógi they return to integrity, Sg. 73b2 . Similarly in expressions like téit do applies to, téit do láim, gaibid do láim; dabeir d'a óid, etc. (see 1 téit, gaibid, lám, etc.).

II With follg. vn. in phrases expressing purpose.

(a) Prec. by vb.: is do immarchor chóre dotíagat it is to carry peace they come, Wb. 5a5 . todiusgadar ind anim do dénum maith, 5c18 . ní du for fogail dodeochammar-ni, SCC § 13 . dul d'fhios na sagart dá nglanadh, TSh. 375 . Cf. further: indíi adchobra-som do hícc those whom he desires to save, Wb. 28b1 . cid comarlecther foraib do daul immach that leave should be given them to go out, Mon. Tall. § 53 .

In prayers, wishes, etc., with ellipsis of vb.: Día dom chobair ar cech ṅguasacht (may) God (come) to my aid, Hy. vi 3 . cíall Dé dom imthus, Thes. ii 356.8 . dó (do +3 s. neut. pron.) to that end, for that purpose , anticipating a follg. vn. or clause or referring to a foregoing one: is do arroiéit-sa gratiam, do precept do chách, Wb. 6d14 . dó dobreth biad la Duid, | dia nertad, SR 6450 . acht má dothisad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa I will not go though . . . should come to force me, Trip.² 1355 . is do dodeochadsa . . . con-écius duib a scel-sa, Ériu ii 104 .

(b) Prec. by noun: dliged remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu a law of providence to distinguish between good and bad, Ml. 19d2 . huare nád robatar suin do shlund in dúildetad, Sg. 45b1 . nidat uain dia n-airlegunn thou hast no leisure to read them, Anecd. v 2 .

(c) Prec. by adj.: irlaim do dul bais, Wb. 16a3 . gilla comadas do faire dūine ríg, FB § 89 . is saidbir in spirut nóeb do thídnocul cecha maithiusa, PH 5454 . ni bfuil rí . . . is fearr do thabairt tuarustail, Ériu viii 136 . Cf. also: batar inricci du báas worthy of death, Wb. 5c14 .

III In follg. in sense of Eng. as (lit. for the purpose of being, to serve as): bíid-son do thogarthid this then is (for) a vocative, Sg. 78a2 . pauper laṡuide do fhemun he regards p. as a feminine, 64b5 . bíit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin gl. vultur et vulturus et vulturius, 93a2 . non fit do anmimm díles, 31b21 . conid riagolda caro dond ainmmnid c. is regular as the nominative, 93b5 ; 104b5 . mōrthar occa Cathluain . . . do rig foraibh, Todd Nenn. 140 . daine chaithit do biudh they eat human beings as food, RC xxxiv 308 . ó taoi dam' iarraidh d'óglách since you want me for a servant, A. Ó Dálaigh l 16 .

IV With vn. to express the idea of entering upon or continuing in a state or action: a mbátar do lepthugud when they were (on the point of?) going to bed IT i 67 . cid 'mo atai diar lenamuin? why art thou pursuing us? SR 1722 . mun beith cailleach an mhuilinn d'atach Christ frim, BS 122 . Impers.: do muintir in fhir atathar do crochad, PH 3172 . Used redundantly: int Ísu oc a raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 . in banliccerd occatathar d'iarraid, Anecd. iv p. xvi = oc atathar cuingidh, p. 93 .

With poss. in passive sense: an uair bhíos dá chor amach when he is being evicted, TSh. 794 . go raibhe dá ilchéasadh so that he was being tortured, 564 .

V The construction subst. + do + vn. In sentences of the type (a) ansu liumsa ind oís anechtir dia fius it is more grievous to me that the outland folk should know it, Wb. 16d12 (where ind oís is virtual subject of the vn.) and (b) ní date leu in coimdiu do crochad it is not agreeable to them that the Lord was crucified (lit. to crucify the Lord), 8a6 (where in coimdiu is virtual object of the vn.), the O.Ir. construction is identical; in both sentences the case of the nouns oís , coimdiu is determined by their syntactical relation to the whole sentence, that of subject, while do + vn. stands in syntactical relation not to the whole sentence but to the noun, its function being that of a gerund. Similarly in the sentence: cocarad chaingnimu du denum he loved to do good deeds, Ml. 14a8 , the subst. caingnímu is the object of the sentence while du denum has the meaning for the doing, to be done. Exceptions are, however, frequent, see below. In each of the sections 1-4 the subsection (a) consists of exx. where the subst. is the virtual subject of the vn., (b) of exx. where it is the virtual object.

1 Subst. is subject of the whole sentence and therefore nom. case.

(a) dofórmaich fochricc dosom sochude do creittim tria precept that a multitude has believed through his preaching increaseth the reward for him, Wb. 1b5 . issed as brig la Dia menmae do biuth hi figraib that the mind should be in the symbols, Thes. ii 255.13 . saoth lem int aos leigind do dul ind ifern, ZCP viii 470 . ba lonn lais in mnai cuil do bith oc Hiruath he was indignant that the adulteress should be with H., PH 861 . (Infl. of Lat. accus. and infin. constr.?)

(b) is maith int óis éula do accaldam, Wb. 3c4 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu, 5b42 . nipu techta in briathar diadhai . . . do scriphund ind oenluc, Hib. Min. 96 . is cóir ind almsu do thabairt, PH 6136 . With accus. of subst. (in first two exx. perh. dat. for nom.): is ferr dó in almsain do thabairt, PH 4969 (= melius est elimosinam dare, LB 47b55 ). dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6870 . ba machtnadh lasna Felistindaibh na fioru nomarbdais d'faicsin do cathughadh friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 .

2 Subst. as object of sentence (rarer in O.Ir.).

(a) nisn-águr dom díchill I do not fear that they will neglect me, Hy. v 105 . rocúala in n-eress cetna do fhorbairt, Thes. ii 311 . ni fitir in mnai dia brath he knew not that the woman was betraying him, SR 3207 . rocuala Sattan in uli noemu do shubugud, PH 3819 . With nom. for accus.: cuirfid [diabul] na boill d'fhognum do fén, 7799 . atfét Lucás aingil do thidecht do nim, 3043 .

(b) cocarad chaingnimu du denum, Ml. 14a8 . itconnacabar bar náimtiu do bádud, PH 1713 . forcongair D. cnamu do thabairt hi cuthi, 1219 . With nom. for accus.: atbert fria múintir int apstal do thuarcain, PH 2141 . atbert Ner na hapstail do cúibrech, 1858 . atcondairc-som ind figeill . . . do dílgud, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

3 Subst. is governed by a prep.

(a) for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotėt híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . fre terci . . . do tecmung, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

(b) hua anmmaim ailiu do thórmuch friss, Sg. 30b4 . Cain Patraic . . . cen chleirciu do marbad, Thes. ii 306 . tria doirse . . . na cathrach do forbrissiud, SR 5348 . ar meisge ó chaoraibh na fíneamhna d'ithe, TSh. 8421 .

4 Subst. in genitive relation to sentence.

(a) cui[n]chid flaithiusa Dé do thuidecht, PH 7907 .

(b) cen imcabáil `cum nobis' do epirt, Sg. 203a8 . ruc leis tásc a muintiri do marbad do E., FB § 69 . tar cend cissa ┐ indmussa do thabairt do, PH 51 . ré linn choróine do chur ar an impire, TSh. 661 .

5 The construction subst. + do + vn. may be used absolutely with force of the Lat. gerundive: ind .u. do accomol frisin fers ṅdédenach the `u' is to be added, Sg. 136a2 . um do glanad i nderiud ferso `um' is to be elided, 136a1 . Hence in continuation of prec. clause: dia n-oscailter in chomla sa ┐ diabul do ligad istech if . . . and the devil be admitted, PH 7797 . is mairg thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si do thecht trit, 7791 .

6 Subst. + do + vn. replacing finite tenses (esp. in annals): Góidil immorro do rad dib o Goediul Glas they are called G., Thes. ii 316 . Lugaig du gabail rige nErenn took the kingship of Ireland, MacCarthy 306 . bellum do madhmaim for hU Fiachrach, AU 815 .

B Introducing a dative.

I Introducing indirect object (generally name of a person).

(a) With trans. vbs. denoting giving, granting, assigning, offering, etc.: do-beir, daimid, do-indnaig, dálaid etc. (see under individual vbs.). With vbs. of telling, revealing, promising, etc.: in-fét (ad-fét), as-indet, (Mid. Ir. indissid), do-adbat, do-airchain, etc. Under the same head may be placed cases like: hore doninfedam etargne Crist do chách we inspire in all, Wb. 14d32 ; do Christ cachain ailli unto C. he sang praise, Fél. Apr. 26 . Exceptionally with as-beir says: asbert G. do na feoldenmaigib, PH 1432 . With vbs. of ordering, commanding, advising, etc.: lasse forcongur fírinni dúib, Wb. 19d25 . rohordaig in guth dona nemdaib, SR 606 . ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. p. 12 . molaid do advises (but molaid + acc. praises ). With vbs.of forgiving, remitting: dorolaig Dia do in n-uaill dorigni, Ml. 50d15 . romaith C. a dá trían . . . dá thigernu, LL 111b40 ( RC xiv 430 ). With vbs. of asking, entreating, praying, etc.: frecre do neoch immechomarcar duit, Sg. 197b10 . condartin do arrogáid dom what he asked of me, 209b26 . cech ní rochuinges do Dia, Thes. ii 318.39 . With vbs. of ascribing, referring, imputing, etc.: a n-adruirmed do Abracham what has been reckoned unto A., Wb. 2d7 . duaisilbi do a scribend, Thes. ii 225.28 . So also with as-beir ascribes; assigns (a name), calls: asbeir-som a n-accobor don spirut, Wb. 4b3 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib do-gres (referring to Gemini), Sg. 73a11 . is airi asberthe emisarius don buc the goat was called `emissarius', Tur. 110e . Similarly with vbs. of naming, gairmid, ainmnigid. With vbs. of allowing: issamlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis, Ml. 14d10 . nir fulaing d'ēnduine a glacudh, ZCP ix 248 . With vbs. of causing, doing (someth. to someone): imfolngi comrorcain do sochaidi, Ml. 56b9 . dogní trumai ndo causes heaviness to it, 20a19 . Of comparing, adapting, etc.: ithé sidi conṅdelggaddar do persanaib, Sg. 39a11 . dligid is entitled to takes do (later de) of pers. (see dligid).

(b) Freq. in intrans. constr. with vbs. denoting to serve, yield, obey; rule; oppose, injure, offend; satisfy, please; believe, trust; thank (atluchedar buide); assent; greet; answer, correspond; suit; indulge, spare, pity, etc.; deny, refuse (a number of these verbs show other constructions also, see s.v.): bad dú Dia fognem gl. Domino servientes, Wb. 5d19 . roirladigsetar genti do hiriss, 7c16 . sléchtid Isserninus du Pátricc, Thes. ii 241 . Currech Life . . . is terc rí dia rodamain to whom he yielded, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tigernaigit ┐ follamnaigit do na cóic gradaib, PH 6242 . cor urchoidigh a truma dóibh, CCath. 2075 . manu toltnaiged do, Sg. 72b6 . rochreitset do precept, Wb. 24d23 . atluchur do Dia, 3b19 . an olcc dia cocéitbani to which thou consentest, 1c10 . co robennach cach díb dia chele, Thes. ii 335 . frisgair in testemin-se dondaib dligedaib, Sg. 193b6 . immidaircet do Christ which are appropriate to C., Ml. 2d4 . arcessi do neoch bes meldach less, Wb. 4c19 . dlomis Fíacc dóib, Thes. ii 242 . Also with vbs. of happening, befalling, meeting, etc. , including certain cases of intrans. vbs. of motion: ni do cach brethir tecming persona not all vbs. have personal inflection, Sg. 161a1 . is ann dorala dosom a denam, Thes. ii 299 . amal forcoémnacair do Loegairiu, FB § 83 . doroacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . intan tanic dó lobrai, Thes. ii 318 .

(c) With many adjs. and abstracts denoting proximity, likeness, equality, identity and their opposites; relationship; figurative relations (fitness, propriety, possession, etc.) and feelings (in sense towards, Lat. erga). In many cases it is hard to decide whether the ex. belongs to this or the following section (II): is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . fri praenomen cosmail do, Sg. 28a15 . is cotarsne don dúalig in sualig, Wb. 9b8 . immar-bdais meic dó, PH 4097 . húere atta mbrāthir dūnd since they are kinsmen of ours, ZCP viii 316 . combat irlithi geinti do hiriss obedient to the faith, Wb. 7c14 . is do is dír anní is psalmus , Hib. Min. 281 . is foluss dún it is evident to us, Sg. 40b14 . rop trócar rí nime dún, Hy. vi 23 . do bhádar cennsa do Chiarán, SG 3 . serc Dǽ dúibsi et for serc-si do Dia `God's love to you' (rather your love for God, etc. , see III (c) below), Wb. 18b21 . is miscuis do Dia, 3d33 . écennais . . . do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 . do marbadh iad ó esgcáirdib dhóib by enemies of theirs, SG 7 .

(d) After certain interjections: monuar dhamh, BS 40 . ach ach do ail alas for the stone! LL 181a32 . ach do phéin, ACL iii 236 § 10 . uch d'aithis, LB 106b57 . uchachan . . . don gabad fil ar mo chinn, ACL iii 233 . fochen duit a Loig, SCC § 16 (cf. fochen Conall . . . fochen Cet, IT i 103 , 104 ). mochen duib, IT i 99 .

II Introducing the person (or thing) interested in an action, state, event, or circumstance.

1 Dat. of interest in strict sense (including the dativus commodi vel incommodi) after vbs., substantives, and adjs.

(a) fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlaind, Wb. 29d23 . condaig indocbáil dia thigerni et non sibi ipsi , 8d20 . roshuidig . . . manistir dó (= sibi monasterium conlocavit), Lat. Lives 91 . tafnetar coin alta dí wolves hunted (it) for her, Hy. v 60 . ni accim maith dúib I see no good for you, TBC-LL¹ 1780 . noco treciub duit . . . immāin tāna bó Cualṅge I will not abandon for thy sake, 1661 . dona hurtroighib rodolba Banba do macaib Miled which B. fashioned for (= against) the sons of M., Corm. Y 949 (dat. incomm.). nech diuscai debuith dia brathair who stirs up mischief against, Ériu vii 162 . cuimnigidh . . . do clandaibh Cuinn a n-anuabhar remember against, ZCP xiv 229 .

Freq. with parts of body, somet. in combination with a poss. pron.: ní forroim cid drisiuc for toind dó, TBC-I¹ 1206 . co rogab sonn in dúne dóib dar sróin, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó, PH 2331 .

The dat. incommodi is freq. after vbs. (both trans. and intrans.) denoting a hostile movement, attack, etc.: dosleic dóib he shoots at them, SCC § 7 . focherd N. aurchor dó, TBC-I¹ 1292 . rodibairg in ngai dó, RC iii 178 . atraig cech fer di alailiu, IT i 67 . dús in fagbad . . . taidbsiu (leg. taidbsin?) do thir na talmain, SR 2584 , cf. 5823 . mairfit Ulaid a mblechtach do gressaib ┐ glammaib . . . dar cend a n-enig the U. will kill their milch-kine (to ward off) attacks and lampoons (in Folge von Beleidigungen und Satiren, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1737 .

(b) After nouns and adjs.: rop ámm tusmeda do mnái in rig, Lat. Lives 66 . oénach diar n-ócaib a gathering-place for our youths, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . lx bliadan robo lān do Patraic, Thes. ii 313 . ba terc cach n-adbar dó, Imr. Brain i 52 . in lám is dílmain dom my disengaged hand, Fél. p. 200 . Esp. after a subst. employed as pred. with the copula: sóire do chách ar sóire-ni, Wb. 14b11 . togu damsa aní sin, Thes. ii 225.18 . issi in bānmartre du duiniu, 247 . ní lesainm dait Cuculaind, FB § 11 . anas muir glan don nói . . . is mag meld . . . damsa, Imr. Brain § 34 .

Note also: attroilli dúnn delegi (= diligi) a nobis he deserves of us to be loved by us, Wb. 2d13 . is doib-sin rochan in senchaid of them the shanachie has sung, Fianaig. 4 . sir in baile . . . don litin search the town for the porridge, SG 243 . do bhatur . . . ag iarraidh Erenn do scela Tana, ZCP ix 244 . atcondairc-siom ind figeill . . . do dílgud i Tamlachti do Chaindech excused for (in honour of) C., Mon. Tall. § 22 .

2 After the copula folld. by an adj. or abstract denoting what is desirable, advantageous, usual, fit, lawful, right, indifferent, necessary, etc. , or the reverse, for a person, the virtual subject being generally a vn., infinitive phrase or clause, e.g. is áil (maith, olc, mairg, bés, gnáth, cet, cóir, dliged, geiss, cumme, écen, etc.) dó; further in a variety of expressions such as: is fír (gó) dó; is cian (éim, fota, mithid) dó. For exx. see these words, and cf. further: nír fhírda dó dul don chath, SR 6903 . ba féliu duit th'immfholuch oldás teiched it were nobler for you to hide yourself, TBC-LL¹ 1973 . is col dúin dia foirglem it is a sin for us to assert it, Fél. Ep. 98 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind, ACL iii 327 § 30 . ni hidan lais dondhí da taberr a thaechtad he does not consider it clean dealing for the person . . . to keep it, Mon. Tall. § 41 . Contrast: is maith dom it is good for me with is m. limm I deem it a good thing: is lesc lim-sa inní sin, bar C., teiched ria n-oenfer . . . Ni lesc ám duit-siu ón, bar F., dáig techfet-sa remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2875 . ní ba fochen leu a forcital the teaching will not be welcome to them, Wb. 30d7 . is fochen dóib they are welcome, IT i 99 . is ced dó a bith marb masa ced ra Dia let him die (lit. he has leave to die) if God permits, Moling § 62 . in annso is áil duit airisiumh? — Massedh as áil le Dia, as ann, BNnÉ 17 § 30 . in tol damsa . . . anadh sunn? is it (God's) will for me to remain here? 79 § 152 .

3 Used as the Lat. dativus ethicus (dative of pers. interested in a statement) with an imperative; only with pronouns: an dún we pray thee to wait, CRR § 6 . apair dam fri mac Saráin, Ériu iii 96 § 1 . teilg-su dún orchur forru, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . ling dūinn lēim dona lēimennuibh sin rolingthea, BS 62 .

4 Used with subst. vb. to denote loosely possession, appurtenances, etc. ; freq. with an adv. of place, in which case it is hardly to be distinguished from cases given under II 1 (a) above: issed file do hodie this is (the form) it has at present, Sg. 140a3 . ataat ilsenman dosuidiu it has many sounds, Wb. 12c46 . dechor inna pían bete donaib pecthachaib, 13c26 . fail a mor-abba dam I have good cause, TBC-LL¹ 219 . ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 . ni be mundteras dó fri banscala let him have no friendship with women, Mon. Tall. § 61 . Exceptionally with copula: ? combed doib foraithmet bed torbach that there should be to them a profitable recollection, Ml. 23a2 . bid duit rige Lagen co brath, Thes. ii 341.19 . céinmair dia mba findchride, Imr. Brain § 28 .

5 With subst. vb. in the idiom: atú dó I am concerned with him, have to deal with him, generally with hostile significance I am angry with him, have something against him; oft. in impers. constr.: ished inso romboth dossom that is why they were angry with him, Wb. 19a9 , cf. 5b31 . is hed dathar dún gl. maledicimur quod speramus, 28d4 , cf. 21c9 . ni nach cin aile notaid dom it is for no other fault you are hostile to me, 19d26 . cid tai-siu don mac? what have you against the lad? TBC-LL¹ 1041 , cf. 940 , 1144 . rohinnisedh dó in fāth 'ma rabas dó, Moling § 51 . cidh 'ma bfuile damh?, ZCP x 10 . tacram a scel . . . atái dam `the matter with which thou reproachest me', Ériu vii 225 . The idiom: cid di atái? what ails thee? LL 202a9 , where do is used with neut. rel. pron., may perhaps rather be explained as an elliptical construction under the head A II; as also the later idiom: gá táim dó (why should I dwell on it?): furtacht Banba . . . gá ttá mé dho . . . ag so an té dar tairrngireadh, 3 C 3, 633.11 .

6 Used with ellipse of copula in the interrogation cid dó . . . ? why (does) he . . . ? (lit. what is it to him? with emphasis on pron.): cid dait gan a gabail aní gabas cách? why dost thou not take . . . ? TBC-LL¹ 3042 . cid dún can techt i n-agid Conculaind? why should we not go? TBC-I¹ 1484 (LU). cid duit mo ṡarugadh-sa do dhenamh?, ZCP viii 553 . cid dait-siu ná bad lat in curathmír why shouldst not thou have the champion's bit? FB § 8 .

7 Often used in impers. constr. after the copula to introduce the virtual subj. when the predicate is (a) an adverbial expression, or somet. (b) an adj., or (c) an interrog. adv.

(a) ní úainni duib-si ye are not from us, Wb. 18b9 . ní i n-óen diaithir doib they are not in one orbit, BCr. 18d5 . fora fóessam dún may we be under their protection, Hy. v 106 . bá doigh leo comad a sídib di, TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). fa righ ┐ sagart Melcisideic ┐ mar an gceudna do Chríost, Eochairsg. 26 . Especially after DE followed by noun in pl. to denote class to which the virtual subject belongs (see Bergin, Ériu xi 149 ): de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit B. was a Jew, T. a Gentile, Wb. 18d6 . di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31b2 . robo do mnáib glicca in domain di, Acall. 7426 . Note also: is de corpore dissi (i.e. the eye), Wb. 12a26 . Freq. joined with expressions of time, the copula being omitted: bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, FB § 1 . for tuili doib . . . cethracha lá ┐ aidche, SR 2523 , cf. 4820 .

(b) ní segda dom, Trip.² 1765 . madh calma duitsiu inā dósom if thou art more valiant than he, Ériu v 152 . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin that Fate is stronger than we, CCath. 4072 .

(c) can duibse? whence are ye? Sg. 242a2 . can deit a ingen? TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). cinnas do a rad . . . ? why should he say . . .?, Thes. ii 311.19 . cinnus do sluagh tire Temrach? how is it with the host . . .?, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 .

8 Freq. used after vbs. in impers. construction, esp. compds. with imm- denoting reciprocal action: ní 'manacige dó frim-sa he shall not see me, Ériu ii 194 . comorogaib dóib a ndís the pair grappled with each other, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . imatarla doib, Anecd. v 11 . imatarraid dūn, ib. immotaéth dóib both sides will fall, LL 275a30 . immacomsinitar dóib, FB § 38 . With intrans. vbs.: ó thánic dóib co dérgud, FB § 80 . ó do chomraic dóib i n-aeninud when they met, SG 360 . anais don Caillin i Tul[aig] C. remained, Fen. 180 . With subst. vb.: fil dún ó thossuch dúle cen áiss we are without age, Imr. Brain § 44 . fochtus Diarmait innus na bé ndi, RC xi 129 . Cf. further: robá-sa i n-imṡnim mor . . . co roglé dam till I arrived at a decision, IT i 98 . co roglé dó a caithim uile, BNnÉ 300 . co tair damh-sai aislingi . . . d'indisin duit till I have finished telling you my dream, MacCongl. 117 . With ellipse of vb.: as tir duit get thee out of the country, RC xx 24 . dún sís dond ath down with us to the ford, TBC-I¹ 1193 . dochum na chuchdiri dóib, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

III Introducing agent after passive (finite), verbal of necess., and (most freq.) vn.

(a) After pass. vb.: imberthar fidcella dún let us play chess, SCC § 3 . toirimt[h]er tōraind in lis don mnái, Corm. Y 502 . doberar dam duid gid ni nar chuindgis thou shalt receive from me, YBL 167a4 . doces do co roba ben he perceived (it seemed to him?) that it was a woman, Todd Nenn. 210 . cumachta na flatha dia tardad in fín, LL 282b3 `by whom the wine was given', Meyer, GJ iv 217 .

(b) After verbal of necess. and participial adjs. compounded with in-: ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt, Wb. 6c19 . ni denti duib-si anisin, Ml. 82a7 . connarb inríata dó in chonar, FB § 36 . is inchreidte dóibh they ought to believe, Eochairsg. 21.34 .

(c) After vn. both of trans. and intrans. vbs.: airitiu colno do Christ, Wb. 31d2 . tre atlogud buide donaib nóibaib thanksgiving by the saints, 17a3 . slige dund aingiul inna nAssar the slaying of the A. by the angel, Ml. 16c12 . rena richtin du Pool before P. reached it, Thes. i 495 ( Ardm. 107b ). fer do marbad do Moise, SR 3726 . scrin Dochoma do briseadh doaibh, AU 797 . (Intrans. vb.) magthad lasuidiu cretem do geintib, Wb. 5a1 . oc techt dam dar Maig L., SCC § 34 . buid domsa i n-iriss, Wb. 5b20 . iure feidligthe disi i n-ógi by the principle of its remaining in integrity, Sg. 16a14 .

With IAR and vn.: iarna grísad dond araid on being urged on by the charioteer, FB § 43 . iar ndiultad do Petar a thigerna, PH 605 . iar mbeith ceangailte d'ár lámhaibh (= ligatis manibus), TSh. 6762 . ar gclos a anma d'Éirinn, SG 1 .

1 dúil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dúil or dil.ie/19089

 

Forms: dúlo, dulo, dolo, dūla, dúil, dúil, dúli, duli, dúili, dúile, duli, ndúle, ndule, dúile, dulae, [n]dulae, ndúla, nduli, ndúl, dulib, dúile, dúile, dúile, d.

n i, f. g s. cacha dúlo , Wb. 13b28 ; Sg. 76b8 . cech dulo , Ml. 85b16 . inna dolo , Ml. 42b12 . cech dūla , SR 8218 . d s. dúil, Ml. 85b11 . n du. di dúil , Sg. 3b8 . n p. dúli, Sg. 117a1 . duli, Ml. 42c2 , 51d13 . 120c7 , 145c8 . dúili, SR 7763 , 7997 . dúile, 1500 , 7760 . a p. for duli , Ml. 127d12 . g p. inna ndúle , Ml. 42d16 . inna ndule , 42b18 , 51d18 , etc.; Sg. 3b7 , 66a2 ; SR 22 . dúile, Wb. 5c16 . a dulae , Ml. 120d5 . inna [n]dulae , Corm. Y 751 . na ndúla , Hy. i 53 ; SR 8362 . na nduli , 1143 . Later na ndúl . d p. dulib, Ml. 20b2 , 10c5 , etc. In later lang. n s. also dúile, Gen. vii 4 ; Levit. xi 46 (1826). IGT Decl. § 43 .

In general sense element, being, creature, thing: gl. elementum, Ml. 42c2 , 85b16 , 120c7 , Sg. 3b7 , 8 ; gl. res ( thing in general), Ml. 55d22 , 87b21 , 145c4 , Sg. 66a2 ; gl. creatura, Ml. 25a1 , 42b11 , 18 , 145c3 . In Bible of 1685 dúile = στοιχεῖα. 2 Peter iii 10 . In ed. of 1826 dúile beo replaces substaint b., Gen. vii 4 , créatúir b., Levit. ix 46 of earlier ed.

(a) Hence of created things in general, including not only material objects and living beings, but invisible and spiritual essences; in pl. often = Creation, the created universe: is tōissigiu gein maicc hua athair re cech d.¤ , Ml. 85b11 . is amlaid dorigni Dia na duili (introducing a threefold division into angels, brute animals and fruits of the earth, and men), Lec. 338a17 . in cēd duil rocruthaigheastar Dia d'á duilib . . . aingel a ainm, MR 92 . rí rogni cach nduil fo leith, | aicseid ┐ nemaicseid, SR 329 . ri co n-áibe os cech noebd.¤ , 7422 . nach hé Adam . . . óssar na ndúle n-uile, 1832 . as me tosach na n-uile dul (= ego sum alpha), BNnÉ 23 . in Coimdhiu cend cach dula, Ériu iii 143 . Dia . . . athair na n-uili dula, BB 331a45 . for fóesam ríg na ndúla, Hy. i 55 . in Comdiu na ndúla, FA § 1 LU; BColm. 104.25 . marcach na ndúl (of Deity), ACL iii 235 . rocreiteus . . . do rig na n-uili cona dúilib, Imr. Brain ii 293 . is recht úabuir i mbith ché | cretem dúle, dermat nDé to believe in the creatures, Imr. Brain § 47 . ria ndúilib, ria n-aimseraib before Creation, before Time began, SR 10 . ac sírinnisin na n-adhamra dorōine Dia ria na duile, RC xxiv 379 . i ndomnach athnuigfither in uli dúl, Ériu ii 200 . tánic crith mór forsna dúli, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 8 . crith for dhúiliph, ZCP viii 196 . tresngata na huile dúile suas coricci riched traverses all the elements (cf. (b) infra), Mon. Tall. 162 . inna ndule n-airechdae són .i. cælum et terra , Ml. 87b21 . dofornitis . . . delba na ndula adortais and, uerbi gracia figura solis (of the heathen), Corm. Y 752 . dobretha ratha nime ┐ talman ┐ gréne ┐ esca ┐ na n-uli dul aicsi[di] ┐ neamaicsidi, Lec. 355a14 . ratha na n-uile dúl aicsige ┐ nem-aicsige, MR 2 . co tartsat ráth frisna n-uile ndúl, RC xiii 36 ( LL 294b40 ). Cf. Keat. ii 3797 . conad airi tucsad na duile dāil bāis do Laegaire mac Neill . . . .i. talam da slugad ┐ grian da loscad . . ., Lec. 603a10 . co mbít na duilé (sic) ic cathughudh eatorrae, TBC-LL¹ 5485 (St.). dúli beodai living creatures, Sg. 117a1 . sruithiu dúilib duine wisest of creatures is man, LL 282b4 ( GJ iv 216 ). don d.¤ dhaonna the human race, TSh. 4047 . dúile balbha inarticulate (inanimate) creatures, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 378 . caeine na ndúl ndíthchéilligh, ib. na dúile díchéillidhe ┐ na hainmhinnte allta, TSh. 2440 . rofreagradar na duili uachtaracha a comdāil an chatha leo `beings of the upper regions', CF 734 . ní aithergem na duile acht noslecam amail fosracaib Dia, Alex. 884 = na duili, Anecd. v 4 .

Of living beings more especially: berid aicned ēn-bethae di cach duil derb takes a nature lasting for one life from each established (kind of) creatures (i.e. reincarnates successively in different forms?), Corm. Y 1224 . d.¤ sin as saothrach betha (of the pelican), O'Gr. Cat. 461 . Used of human beings especially: Eba cet-mathair na n-uile dula, Lec. 66b2 . cōica cubat tigi a m-mūir, | annsa a thogail do nach d.¤ it would be hard for anyone to overthrow it, ZCP iii 19 . ni tarla mūrclach a múir | dar d.¤ mar Dúnchad the dyke of its earthen rampart was never closed over a being (man) like D., AFM 987 = dar tuil, ZCP iii 36 , cf. Bruchst. § 146 . ? Dergmosach duil fa gile, LL 394.7 . ni boi isin doman duil bud choemiu . . . oldás in ingen sin, LB 127b19 . ind nóebduil (of S. Brigit), Hy. v 41 . as meisi d.¤ as anshádhaile . . . dogheibh a betha isin domun the most . . . creature that lives, BS 132 . d.¤ do chleachtadh reacht mhic Dé do dhíon one who was wont, Ó Bruad. ii 202 . in fomór ferrda . . ., in d.¤ diablaide dodelba (of a man), SG 259 . d.¤ . . . as mó gráin don druing daonda, 260 . do dhíthaigh dá deadh-colg duili ba dreachālaind, CF 750 . Of lower creation as oppd. to human: ni do dóinib, ni do dulib, Wb. 18c5 . is hē i samail iter duilib .i. colam iter ēnaib ┐ fineaman iter feadaib (of S. Brigit), Lec. 335d6 . dā mbeith dluid lasta for duilib o dainib if human beings had any means of setting the world ablaze (?), BB 431b15 .

(b) element, esp. one of the four elements common in later and scientific texts: as inann elementum ┐ d.¤, óir mar atá an fhír-dhúil aenda innti féin . . . (i.e. an element admits of no decomposition into simpler substances), O'Gr. Cat. 243 . is amlaid itait na cethri duili in cach duine, Lec. 338a36 . na ceithre dúile dá ndéantar an corp, TSh. 589 . elementa . . . .i. na duile, aer, tene, uisge, talamh, 24 P 22, 33.1 . na ceithre lenna ┐ na ceithre duile the four humours and the four elements, 23 P 10, 27a26 . ōn chethar-duil comaentaigus risna ceithre lennaib, 23 F 19, 3va59 . an duil tesaide the element of heat or fire, 27vb28 . Hence cethardúil the four elements, the fourfold universe: in fir-Dia . . . rocruthaigh in ceturduil, BB 241a33 . See cethair. By extension, element, particle: nach fuil dūil dom' dhuilibh nach tuitfeadh ō chēile, CF 957 .

(c) thing in widest sense: ainmnigud inna dulo, Sg. 76b7 . fri slond dúlo to signify a thing, 8 . dv́li ecsamli gl. diversa, 211a14 . cuin immairigh eter in innsci ┐ in duil dia n-innisin when is there agreement between the gender and the thing spoken of? Auraic. 526 . In Laws of a head (of cattle), item, article (in an enumeration): dá trian diri dula urraid d'urradh ina duil two-thirds of the `dire'-fine for the native freeman's beast is paid to the native freeman for his beast, Laws iii 126 ; cf. iv 44 , v 446 , 514 , 520 . dechmad cacha dula a duilcine the tenth part of every article is the price for manufacturing it, i 132 Comm. , cf. v 98 , 214 . Cf. d.¤ any piece of work , O'Don. Suppl. Hence in etymol. gloss.: duilgine .i. in d.¤ chinntech, Laws v 266 Comm. 98 Comm. Perh. also: eneclann ┐ dire, na dula ┐ cana .i. smacht cana, O'Curry 2572 ( Eg. 88, 48a ). smacht .i. dire na dula, 2573 (48b). má ta dicelt is dula feola ┐ (en)eneclann uad, 2324 (25a).

See dúla.

3 dúil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 dúil or dil.ie/19091
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dul, duil, Duil

n i, f. Usually transld. book: dul, duil a book, a codex , O'Don. Suppl. ; but seems rather applied to certain accepted or authorized lists or compilations (poetic glossaries, rhymes, kennings, genealogies) of pre-Christian origin, which were no doubt in early times memorized and handed down verbally and some of which were known by special names (see below). duil .i. lebur, O'Dav. 601 . ? áiliu dáilemain dúilib dligid 'I pray for the cupbearer with books of law', Éigse xxxvii 77 § 6 . Cf. duil .i. sluinne[d] ut est ailiu Duilem duilib dligid I entreat the Creator by the pronouncements of the Law (?), O'Dav. 667 . duili sluinnti ┐ duile feda (both allowed by S. Patrick), Laws i 44 . ar teora ferba tic so, má's fir don duil a roib `if it be true for the book in which it occurs', 68 . rofoghluimset na hingina fessa ┐ duile ┐ amaidecht (.i. glicus), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15 ( H 3.18 601 ). duili bélrai sicut est Duil Dromma Cett, IT iii 50 . dúile feda collections of letters (? = words) CMCS xv 9 (1 dúil?): sé duili feda (part of the 10th year's course of instruction for a bard), IT iii 54 (where specimens are given). tri choecat ogham ┐ na rēmenna ┐ na duile feda (subjects comprised under the head `gramadach'), Lec. 55a35 . slisnige is dúle feda, | áera rúne romera `books of lore', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . incipit do duilib feda na forfid lasin filid (beginning of a list of words containing Ogham diphthongs), Auraic. 5417 . anmand fid . . . amail fogabar isna duilibh feda inn-ogaim, 1199 . d.¤ sloinnte genealogical line or list: coimgne co laega laidib la genelaigib co nduilib slointib .i. genelach fer nErind, Lec. 339a9 . Oft. prefixed to geneal. lists: incipit duili sluinti na ngenelacha, Rawl. 148b30 . duil laech-ṡluinte Lagen inso sís, 128a52 . duil tsloinnti o Laidgenn m. Baircheda, LL 387a31 . isin duil sluinti Laigen, BB 369a19 . duile sloindte na nDeisi annso, 149e4 . duilti (sic) sloindti na ngenelach, 173b10 . duilti sloindti na nGaedel, Lec. 408a21 . slicht duili Flainn Dúine Gemin sunn, Harl. 5280, 45a . Certain `dúile' were distinguished by names: the D.¤ Dromma Ceta (a glossary still extant, see ACL iii 141 ), IT iii 50 (see above). D.¤ Feda mair .i. nomen libri , H 3.18, 520 . is ainm do rig isin Duil Feda Mair, Corm. Y 209 (Clithar Set), see also 257 (Calpdae), 1171 (Segon), and 1197 (Sethar). isin Duil Fedha Mair, O'Dav. 369 , 1286 . isin Duil Feada Mair, ACL iii 247 . Dúil Laithne `Liber Latiniensis', Goid. 75 ff . D. Roscadh (compiled by Cendfaelad m. Oilella), Laws iii 550 . Duil (dúil, LB) Roscadach, Corm. Y 859 ; O'Dav. 896 . Duil R., 458 , 664 .

dúilem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúilem or dil.ie/19096

 

Forms: nduilemain, duileman, duleman, dúilemain, dhúilemhain

n n, m., later also o, m. (1 dúil) IGT Decl. § 51 . Creator: dāilfadh an duilem dōib . . . flait[h]ius, ZCP viii 110 . d.¤ na n-uli dúl, PH 1807 . is iat na marbduile . . . rochóiset a ndúilemain, 3369 . hi comdail fri ar ṅdulemain, SR 1370 . a menma ina ndulemain tria bithu, FA § 7 = nduilemain, LB. co rígsuide in dúleman, § 15 = duileman, LB. i fiadnaise in duilemun, § 18 LB. admestar dúle dúlemon, ZCP xi 85 . duleman, SR 2188 , 2212 . oen dúilem ┐ ni trí dúilim, Todd Lect. vi 30 ( LB 256a57 ). munter nimi 'man dúlem, LL 6467 ( MS. Mat. 487 ). is so-cetfadach cech duil illeth fria duilem, LB 135b40 . trēicfet uli fir in betha | ar in dúilem rodelb grēin, ACL iii 243 . ōn d.¤ , RC xxiv 372 . ag foghnamh don dúileamh, TSh. 460 . ac techt an duilimh do breithemhnus, RC xxviii 314 . a mhathair meic an duilimh (: lúirigh), ZCP xii 379 . briathra an duilimh, Ó Héodhusa 4 (ón duilemhain, ib.). a dhúilimh déin déirc, Ó Bruad. ii 10 . The n s. dúilemain also occurs in later Ir.: do chuir an duileamhuin annso mé, GJ iii 121 ( E. Ó Cl., c. 1715 ), cf. v s. truagh, a dhúilemhain , BS 96 (perh. meant as dimin. dúilem-áin).

In B. na f.: cach fó dó in dúilib co ndá .i. co tuca Criosd gach maith dó, ZCP v 489 § 13 .

duille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. duille or dil.ie/19115
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: duilne

n Earlier duilne , f. In later lang. m. (TSh., DDána). See O'Rahilly, SGS iii 69 .

(a) leaf; also as collect. foliage: dulle ┐ bláth ┐ mess, LL 156a21 . i n-óenḟecht . . . ḟásas a nd.¤ 's a mbláth, Metr. Dinds. iii 292 . adomchumben a dule | ním-anaicc a fidrube its leaves prick me (of furze), Corm. Y 56 . an tan d'ḟeogh an bile | 'dir ghéag a's d.¤ , Oss. iv 172 . d.¤ feadha, TSh. 3360 . biseach d.¤ re drúcht samhra[i]dh, 3 C 12, 148.17 . comtar lir dulli for fidbaid, RC iii 177.30 . fid cen erchre . . . forsfil duilli co n-órdath, Imr. Brain i 21 . rosétea . . . amal dulli darbri, TFerbe 92 . lia nāt luibi for maigaib | no duili for fidbadaib, SR 936 . ar scāth a féile . . . tucsat duilli na fiche, 1360 = tucsat d.¤ na pailme, MacCarthy 56 . ceitheora duillne fair (of a `dos'), Corm. Y 423 = cetheora d.¤ bit fair, Laws iv 360 Comm. co ndib duillib, ib. do budh breádha a dh.¤ , Dan. iv 12 . do fhuaidheadar duilleadha fíge dhá cheile, Gen. iii 7 . crobuing derg ar duillib corcra | ar choilltibh uaine an fóid mhín, KMMisc. 174 . Freq. in med. texts: duilde sene senna leaf , 3 C 19, 89vb11 . sugh duilli na lili, 42rb3 . deantar aér an tigi dfionnfhuara maille morán duisge ┐ re doille soille sally leaves (?), 3 C 22, 2b10 . Cf. re nenuphar ┐ a gcosmhuile, 3 C 19 , 3va18 . ubhall duilli na darach oakgall , ACL i 327.67 . d.¤ feithe caprifolium, woodbine , RC ix 230 ; ACL i 327 .

(b) Of things resembling leaves: fo duilnib sleg cóicrind cruach blades of spears, LL 7187 ( Hail Brigit 10 ). d.¤ dearg (name of a spear), Acall. 3924 ; cf. duillend. is amlaid rotaisbenad doib-sium he .i. d.¤ oir fair a leaf-shaped brooch (?), Lec. 368a11 . d.¤ óir gold-leaf , 24 P 32, 258.2 . Esp. leaf of a book: scribtar a n-anman i ndulne (ndulind, v.l.), Cáin Ad. § 46 . (with play on double meaning) aluinn d.¤ an liubhair-si | psaltair Chaoimhghin cháidh. | āille d.¤ mh'iubhair-si | i nGlinn Bolcáin báin, BS 140 . d'impód na d.¤ to turn over the leaf (oppd. to lethanach page), MacCongl. 53 . buain d.¤ na ndeich n-aithneadh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 9 . tabhair mar tugadh anoir | crois ó chomharba Peadair | d.¤ doirche gan drud ris a sinister document (of a Papal prohibition) (?), DDána 72.2 .

(c) Fig. co nderna d.¤ siabartha sechránach soghluaiste díob scattered them like leaves, SG 270 . ? triath Oiligh ón uair adbath | ní thug cara nā comthach | buille congnamha fá a ceann | d.¤ urbhadha Eireann, 3 C 12, 319.18 . d.¤ an domain the glory of the world: ag diúl d.¤ dhiombuain an domhain, TSh. 347 . neimh-chion ar dh.¤ an domhain, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 40 . grás M. . . . | ná tréig ar dh.¤ an domhnáin, DDána 22.12 . d.¤ bhetha nach buan seal, Rel. Celt. i 136 . Mac Domhnaill, duille ar gcraoibhe 'the son of Domhnall ... is the foliage of our branch', Giolla Brighde 86 § 19 .

Compd. caill duleglas green-leaved , Fianaig. 10 .

for-dingair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-dingair or dil.ie/23538

 

Forms: fordingair, fardiṅgrat

v (gair-`call' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 535 ) signifies, expresses: pres. 3 s. artt trede fordingair .i. art uasal, ... art .i. dia, ... art dono cloch `art' signifies three things Corm. Y 26 ; similarly 27 , 584 (fordiṅgair), 1270 . láith .i. dede fordangair .i. l. gaile ┐ l. med, 811 (fordingair, Bodl.). 3 pl. inna teoir ranna sa is oínrann fardiṅgrat , Sg. 26b13 . inna [n]dúle fordingrat, 66a2 . huare ata ṅdúli beodai fordiṅgrat, 117a1 . is fo dobertar inna anman fonna inni fordi[n]grat, Ml. 37a14 .

imchuibdius

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imchuibdius or dil.ie/27422

 

Forms: immchuibdius

n u, m. (imchubaid) harmony: in immchuibdius fil eter na dúle gl. (h)armoniam, Lib. Hymn. i 70.21 . gl. conuenientia, Rawl. B. 512, fo. 68d , (Plummer MS. Notes).

1 ráth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ráth or dil.ie/34836

 

Forms: ráith, raith, rátha, rath, ráth, ráith, rátha

n m. and f. n s. also ráith, freq. in law tracts, Laws iv 140.21 , v 342.24 ; d s. a raith , 348.4 ; g s. and n p. in Mid.Ir. rátha. g p. inna rath , Ml. 127b1 . ráth (ón tṡlánoighecht), IGT Dec. § 38.9 (m., g s. ráith, rátha). See Bürgschaft 3 , 34 , 35 f. ; ZCP xviii 364 ff. ; Críth G. p. 102 .

(a) a surety, guarantor : inna rath ł inna fecheman, gl. creditorum, Ml. 127b1 . sequester medius .i. ráth, Sg. 97a4 ; cf. Thes. ii 231.21 . slúag ro-maith . . . tar a cenn am ráth-sa I am surety on their behalf , Fél. Ep. 164 . ní ba ráth ar neoch do not become a guarantor for any one , Tec. Corm. § 19.35 . ba rāth ┐ fēchem oc saigid dligid, ZCP xv 327 § 18 ( Rawl. 113a32 ). cach disli i láim ratha. cach rāth co forus, ACL iii 227.59 . pl. na rāthai, Cáin Ad. § 23 . ni rag-sa gan rátha | do chluchi na n-ātha, TBC-LL¹ 3060 . ratha eturru secht ṅdruid, secht filid, Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280.3 ). ocht maic Galaim . . . rop iat-sin rátha ind óenaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 10.101 . gab Cairpre cethri ráth riss, ib. 442.27 (ratha, ráith, v.l.); Thurneysen, Bürgschaft 34 , would read: cethri i ráith. it é na ratha . . . dodechatar fri laim Emine the guarantors who went security for E. , Anecd. i 42.18 . raithi Laighen . . . a n-oghlesaigte Emine guarantors for the full satisfaction of E., ib. 13 . ni techta nach foessam ar na tegat ratha fine `no "foessam" is lawful which is not supported by sureties of the tribe ', Laws iv 206.17 . ní ó ráthaib tuc [ríge] acht a rrói chatha, LL 20b22 . ? bad bláith cen olc i n-airi, | bad ráith [rait MSS.] a bríathar airi [aire v.l.] let his word be surety for him (of his good faith )? Ériu iii 96 z (Rule of Ailbe). See also Ériu xiii 28 - 29 .

(b) suretyship: a guarantee, pledge : `rath' cor, Metr. Gl. Eg. 22 . rath .i. cor, Lec. Gl. 552 = roth, 346 M . imnedach cach ráth [raith v.l.], ar is écen dí dían-apud im cach ngell dobeir `troublesome is every security, for it is necessary for it to give sudden notice as regards every pledge which he gives', Triads 235 (glossed: gach urrughas, p. 43 ). rucus rāith ar macc ṁbeoathar I decided that surety may be given for the son of a living father , ZCP xv 311 § 7 ( Rawl. 113a10 ). dobert aen a raith tar cend Conaill, Laws v 348.4 . dobreth Geer . . . hi rráith fri Ingcel im orgain no thogfad i nHére dó `G. was given in pledge (? as surety) to I. for such destruction in Ireland as he should select ', BDD § 168 App . ( LU 8029 ). dan-far-gabat far cuir ┐ far rátha if your compacts and pledges hold , TBC-LL¹ 2133 . atnagar rátha ┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir Chorccaige fria comall, `pledges', MacCongl. 23.3 . co tardad ratha ┐ cura Coluimchilli fris co tisad slan ar culu, RC xxiv 46 § 3 . ro ronsat sídh . . . do réir ratha ┐ miond, AFM ii 1132.16 .

Natural forces were often offered as securities or pledges and were supposed to wreak vengeance on those who violated a promise: nī rogaib Adomnān co tarta rātha ┐ gremand fris im ṡō[i]re ban dó. It ēat ind so na rātha hī sein: grīan ┐ ésca ┐ dūle Dē arcenae; Petar, Pōl . . . ┐ reliqui apostoli , Cáin Ad. § 22 . dobretha ratha fri Laigniu .i. gréin ┐ esca, usci ┐ aer, LU 9797 ( RC vi 165 ). duli De adroegaid rāith | tucsat dāl báis forsin ríg which he invoked as sureties , LU 9810 ( RC vi 165.30 ) (of death of Laegaire m. Néill). gumadh a rata ri Laighnibh grian ┐ gaeth ros mharbhsad (of same event), AU 462 . it é ratha tucsat ind | nem talam ésca grian grind, ZCP xi 57 § 10 . tucait rátha frisin ríg | grian is esca is muir is tír, LL 207b41 . do cheangladar rátha gréine ┐ éasca orra féin, Keat. ii 1787 . tugadar rátha na n-uile dúl ré híoc na héarca, 3580 . Cf. Ériu vii 227 § 61 , FDG 5 ( MR 2.5 ), Content. iv 35 .

2 slisnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 slisnech or dil.ie/37969

 

n m.(orig. o, n.?) (slisiu) Collect.

(a) the scales of a fish : is iad so íostaoi . . . an uile ní ar a bhfuilid eiteach ┐ s.¤ annsna huisgidhibh (eiteach no lanna, ib. 10 ; sligneach, 1827 ) `whatever hath fins or scales in the waters', Levit. xi 9 .

(b) Fig. scions, descendants : do ghlac fírmhisneach nach fann | slat do shídhshlisneach Sagsan, DDána 87.3 . pór glainshlisnigh . . . | ar bhfear daighmhisnigh Dáibhídh, 87.2 .

(c) Name of a type of literary lore: conid ann asrubart Find an s.¤ sedhaindeachta so (a series of riddles), ZCP xiii 270.1 . Cormac h. Cuint dixit an s.¤ sa, Abbott-Gwynn 144.24 . fian-ṡruth Find, . . . | togla, tána tochmorca | slisnige, is dule feda | aera, rúne romera, (of the entertainments at an `oénach'), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.239 .

1 úir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úir or dil.ie/43032

 

Forms: úir, úr, úir, fú, úir, úi, úir, úra, húraib, uir

n f. and m. n s. (a) ind úir , LU 4942 . Ériu ii 202 § 20 . (b) úr (ó dhá chēill) m., IGT, Decl. § 96 (g s. úir). PBocht 27.29 . fú, O'Dav. 866 ( Ériu xiii 24 ). v s. a úir , Studies 1922, 585 § 7 . a d s. úi, Wb. 13d3 . LU 4734 . LL 4b37 . IGT, Decl. ex. 1735 , ex. 1754 . g s. úir, Fél. Prol. 128 . Matthew xiii 5 . n p. úra, SG 33.7 . d p. húraib, ZCP viii 313.27 . See also exx. below.

Mould, earth, clay, soil : n s. in uir (gl. humus), Ir. Gl. 578 . ūr. i. trēide fordingair : ūr cētamus .i. talam, Corm. Y 1270 . mūr .i. mō a úr .i. a talam, 910 . ur .i. talum, O'Dav. 1611 . cf. tathbongar fúr, fuinter arbhar, Ériu xiii 24.11 ( fúr .i. talam, ut est tathbongar fúr, O'Dav. 866 ) donní is tellus ur, talam, Laws i 66.5 . oir robi foirbrethach fur .i. nocha gnath gu ngabann se talam gurab forbartach uir ime .i. co ro foirbrister a uir a nuir aile, O'Curry 2237 (< Eg. 88 f. 17 (18)b ). uir mín `fine clay,' Laws iv 86.21 Comm. conidnacca issin chlud ┐ ro boí ind úir imbi do cach leth día diclith, LU 4942 . doberar uir ┐ grian ┐ clocha forsin monai, 10815 (= Ériu xii 178 ). dorat cul fri clotha | cen bes uir im clacha, BB 299a24 (leg. úr ?). siladh clann, ur lesium sin, ar is i uir in talman dogni silad na clann cuirtir inti, Auraic. 5652 . ceann riamh dár bh'aoinpheall an úr, PBocht 27.29 . a d s. doire a cummisc ar úir (gl. seminatur in ignobilitate), Wb. 13d3 . lelgatár ... da ech Con C. in n-úir co rrici na clocha, LU 4734 . fogeltat ... fér co húir TBC-LL¹ 551 . foclass a búrach dó, is inund sōn ┐ focheird úir da luib taris (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 1491 . fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu, 6145 . cuid dá chlúimh ó eón do an | ar reódh re húir mur ḟuasgladh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1469 . cotomélani in fer sin a óenur ar úir ┐ grían, LU 8700 ( FB 52 ). cf. coto-mélat ar múr ┐ grían, LU 5558 . na cotlad nococomraiced a thoeb fri húir noicht, Three Hom. 122.21 (= ria húir nocht, Lism. L. 1093 ). for úir luimm ┐ cloch fó chind, Trip. 484.12 . lán in dela de úir, LL 30c39 (= lán na telach di úir, Dinds. 1 § 31 ). fuarutar folliuchta beca isin uir ic dorus ... na huama, PH 6330 . úr dind húir a Themis, ZCP viii 313.29 . ní biaidh ith i n-úir ... don bás hísin, ZCP viii 111.24 . fa úir na huaighe, Ir. Monthly 1922, 156 § 34 ( DDána p. 127 ). ní ḟás luibh a húir fan orluinn, TD 11.11 . g s. ó luid i lloc n-úire `into a place of mould' (i.e. the grave), Fél. Prol. 128 . míl úre worms , ib. Ep. 219 . a techt i nhúire adba `that they should go into the abode of clay' (i.e. the grave), Fianaig. 10 § 8 . cf. adbae othna ... .i. adba uire ┐ cloiche, Corm. Y 80 . a mbreith a ndúrthech n-úre, Ir. Review 1912, 248 ( Lec. [347b ]). brat fuar is adhbhadh úire, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 5 . ó do claidhedh cladh úire ar Ceithern, TBC-LL¹ 4463 (St). tardúth úire for sleibe garba combtar maige fo scothaib, LL 6b18 . dorn úire `a handful of clay' Metr. Dinds. iv 86 . tucsat fo tuinn uill uire | co nduire a ndruim fri daeine, ZCP vi 265 § 19 . im diubu nuire `for digging a churchyard,' Laws i 202.1 . a bhḟearann chlochach mar nach raibhe mórán uíre aige, Matthew xiii 5 . In plant-name : leo úire mezereon, spurge : see ACL i 342 . Hogan Luibhl. 115 . cf. fil dún ó thossuch dúle | cen áiss, cen foirbthe n-úre, Imr. Brain § 44 . n p. itt ē side húra dolēicthe hi Temair, ZCP viii 313.28 . a p. is aire tucsan na taisi ┐ na húra sin illé, SG 33.7 . Rí ro delb ... hura co derb im thalmain, SR 38 (= uir in talman, Laws i 26.25 Comm. ). d p. dollotar ... co nhúraibh cathrach Themis leó, ZCP viii 313.27 .

Special and figurative uses : úir cheiníl kindly soil : giodh ar deighshíl Duin (MS Dun, et sic leg.) na nGall | ni húir cheinil sa gcongbhand, Irish Texts ii 105.15 (cf. cré cheiníl, e.g., IGT, Decl. ex. 1600 ).

Followed by defining gen. (of place) : tar uir nAi, O'Dav. 102 . in t-áenmacc rig is fearr tāruill úir Érenn riam, ZCP viii 111.12 . gan tadhall ar úir nÉirionn, TD 36.10 . mar tṡaltraim ar úr Indse | acmhainn mo ṡúl ṡilimse, IGT, Decl. 1735 . faithche ... an dúin ..., | úir Pharthais nó a haithghin í, TD 11.10 . Ground : lecit uile a ngluine ┐ a cinn fria huir `floor,' Marco P. 85 . This seems the original meaning in : techt le nimh tnúith dom thinnmhe | fá úir libh ní leigfimne, 23 L 17, 150a § 11 (`unpunished' Content. p. 104 n.3 ). Cf. fo lár i dteannta póite ag ól na gcuach go húr draining to the bottom (?), Hackett xxxvii 2 . Here perh. : dobér-sa tré Dia na ndúl ainim it' eachaibh co húr, SG 26.35 , but cf. 2 úr.

Freq. of the grave (with i n-, or fo ; téit i n-, fo, do) : daine i n-úir, TBC-LL¹ 5641 (St). co fárcbad ... | hÍr in n-úir ... Sceillic, Ériu iv 138.2 . do bhí ós chách is é i n-úir (i.e. Christ), DDána 38.25 . do luigh san úir is do iompó, 20.40 . iar mbás do éirigh ón úir, 38.3 . an triath-ḟlaith i n-úir, Keat. Poems 512 . glúin as uaisle don ḟeadhain | uaim-se fa úir Oirbhealaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 46 . do-beir i n-úir brings into the grave, kills : Uargháoth do rad slóigh a n-úir, Duan. F. i 52.51 . With téit, etc.: Ladru ... isé cetna marb dochoid fo úir Herenn, LL 4b37 . isé cetna epscop dochoid fó úir nErend, Trip. 242.18 . is and luid i n-úir in rí | i n-amsir duir Darcelli, 532.20 . atágur dul i n-úir n-úair, Ériu i 68.7 . seabhac na seabhac ... | do dhul i n-úir i dtúis na hóige, O'Rah. xv 16 . a dhul don úir, is dubhach na scéalta, xiv 34 . dochuaid Hiruath in n-uir ┐ a n-ifrind, YBL 137a32 (= etir ūir ┐ ifrinn, ZCP iii 227.11 ). tá gliadar is siansa na n-éan go ciúin | ó thriallais a Dhiarmaid Uí Laoghaire i n-úir, O'Rah. xxii 216 . See also under g s. above.

ó doradadh úir tar Aedh since A. was buried , ACL iii 304 iii § 7 . uir aniuil tarut hi forcend do sheta `foreign mould over thee at the end of thy way' (i.e. after thy death), LB Fél. p. clxxxv 6 . nach óen tarsa raga úir (v.l. hur) inna hinnsi hitá nicon aidlefa a ainm pé[i]n n-iffirn, who shall be buried there , Ériu ii 202 § 20 .

oil úir : iomdha leacht ... iomdha o.u. san eingse `monument' Ir. Monthly 1921, 327 § 2 ( DDána p. 302 ). See 3 oil.

Fig. stock, nature : is tú an chraobh do ḟás dar n-úir, DDána 19.15 . a chroinn 's a ḟréamh a húir Éabha O tree whose roots are from Eve's stock , DDána 43.11 . a río-luibh d'úir na n-aingeal (to Christ), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 20 .

The material of the human body, hence a creature, a human being : níor ghein úr eile mar í (of Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh ii 7 . Cf. : a úir bhríoghmhar bhuadha `O mighty soil of virtue,' Studies 1922, 585.7 . a úir is airde ná neamh | a bhean rúin Ríogh na n-aingeal `creature of clay,' Ir. Monthly 1921, 376 § 38 ( DDána p. 260 ). Cf. daonnacht Mic Dé bhí is cnáimh dár gcnáimh | a chré is í ar n-úir, PBocht 2.2 . úir gan taradh cré mo chalann, TSh. 3314 (quot.).