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andóin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. andóin or dil.ie/3509

 

Forms: annóine

n f. g s. annóine (perh. a form of 1 andóit, q.v.) church: fer las mbí tír .vii. cumal, forbí a sétaib iter flaith ┐ a.¤ ┐ chórus Féne, Críth G. 587 `who is (or stands) over their (the unfree clients') `séts' in regard to ruler, Church and ordinary law (i.e. is responsible for the performance of their obligations under the above headings)', p. 38. See also ZCP xviii 405 . annone .i. eclais, ut est fri annone iadhad .i. fri hiadad na hannone .i. annone a ebra, écclesia a greig . . ., O'Dav. 5 = O'Mulc. 98 . tor bóus do andōin a hail (.i. eclais triath toibhgis do eclais a dlighe[dh]) (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 6 .

balamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. balamail or dil.ie/5282

 

adj i expld. as boastful, vain: balamuil ab ebra balam .i. uanus, O'Curry 142 (H. 3.18, 80).

ebrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ebrae or dil.ie/19348
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ebrae, t-ebra, ebra, ebro, Eaphra, Eabhra, eabhra, nabhra, aibgitir ebr

pn I Hebrew language: declension irregular; nom. in ebrae , Ml. 54a32 (for ind e.¤ , cf. ZCP iv 57 - 8 ). in t-ebra , ZCP viii 113 . dat. isind ebrae Ml. 2d11 . 54a33 . a ebra , Hib. Min. 1.7 . tintúdh asind ebre , 10.335 . isind ebro , 1.3 . cf. Ml. 63b3 . a hebru, ZCP iii 22.14 . gen. reim Laitne no Ebra , Auraic. 3765 . Later exx.: dona tri primberlaib .i. Ebra ┐ Greig ┐ Laidin, Auraic. 2281 . Eaphra, 2459 . Eabhra, Keat. ii 102 . an eabhra in Hebrew John v 2 . xix 13 . a nabhra , Rev. ix 11 . xvi 16 . As adj.: aibgitir ebr, Hib. Min. 6.181 . 192 . sa teanguidh eabhra, Acts xxi 40 . xxii 2 .

pn II A Hebrew : in tan dongniter da salm la ebreu di confitebor Ml. 26c1 . la ebreo, 27d2 . do ebraib, 51d2 . Auraic. 233 . ho ebreib, Ml. 2a6 . Ebrāib (: dāib), YBL 178 a 40 . ZCP xx 479 . in tEbra rod-riar the Hebrew yielded to him ZCP iii 38 .

fogúais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fogúais or dil.ie/22796

 

Forms: foguais

n a slight danger, a hazard (?): prespiter int ebra uais; sacerdos grēc nir foguais ( without doubt, no mere conjecture ?) ZCP viii 113 § 2 .

gréc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gréc or dil.ie/26552

 

Forms: Gregu

n ā.f.

I a Greek word: grec indí as uideor `the Greek for "videor,"' PCr. 58b1 . a grec anísiu `this is the Greek of it,' Sg. 148b13 . mad grec roppad diil tanaisi, ib. 111b2 . g s. biáilde .i. femininum inna grece tis, Sg. 67a5 . tintúd inna grece insin, ib. 160b1 . du. di greic two Greek words, ib. 196b7 . n pl. teora greca inso dondí as legendi, ib. 148b12 .

pn II the Greek language: cia hainm in libuirsi a ebra a greíc allaitin, Hib. Min. 7 . psalterivm isin greíc, ib. 8 . tintúdh asind ebre isinn greic, ib. 335 . robae Eabra ┐ Greic ┐ Laitin la Fenius, Auraic. 27 . reim Laitne no ebra no Grege, ib. 3765 .

III n. l. Greece: assin Greíc uathmair, MacCarthy 146.16 . ni do Tir Tairrngire [doriacht] son, acht isin nGreg, Laws i 20.29 . asin Greic Moir, PH 570 . a tír na Grece co hIerusalem, ib. 6111 . uaisli ┐ ardmaithi na gregi, RC x 180.12 . rígh na Gréige, Dán Dé viii 21 . v s. a naghaidh do mhacsa a Ghréag, Zechariah ix 13.

pn IV o, m. a Greek: ní recat greic les tintuda doib, Ml. 3a14 . amal dondgnítis sengreic, Sg. 9a21 . fobíth soíre ceneiuil inna ngrec, ib. 40a4 . f o chosmailius ṅgréc, ib. 215b1 . nad tintaesiu allatin do gregaib for Greeks, Ml. 3a15 . di grecaib dóib huili `of the Greeks were they all,' Sg. 31b2 . aicmae di graecaib, ib. 106a7 . do cach bélru fil la grecu, ib. 31b13 . cit comsuidigthi la grecu `though they are compounds with the Greeks,' ib. 207b11 . Partholon puirt Gréc, MacCarthy 144.9 . do Greguib Sceithia, ib. 278.26 ; titul do scribend os cind Ísu ... tria litrib ... Grec ┐ Latin, PH 2877 . o rochualatar tra Greca na haithesca sin, Aen. 46 . in cairdis [s]in Priaim fri Grecu, ib. 42 . Pilip ... rí dédhenach na nGrecc, CCath. 44 . v pl. a Gregu , TTebe 1133 . Of the Gaels (see TD i lix ): a fhir Gréag ós Gáidhealaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 722 . i gclár meadhrach Gaoidheal Gréag, Hackett xliv 36.

? 3 íath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 3 íath or dil.ie/27117

 

n fame; honour: `iath' cloth cin coll, Metr. Gl. 3.8 .

? To this: mairg in í.¤ ecnairc airthíar alas for the fame of an absent one who is satirized?, LU 357 (ACC) (tr. `woe worth the land that absent is satirized,' Lib. Hymn. ii 55.20 ). i.¤ dicitur a nomine ebra idida .i. dilectus , O'Curry 150 (< H 3.18, p. 82 ).

immirge, immirc(h)e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immirge, immirc(h)e or dil.ie/27872
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imirci, imirchi, imirghi

n , f. (imm + éirge) (on the change rh(h), rch>rc in this word see ZCP ix 341 ; Ériu xiii 140 ff. ). imirci, imirchi, imirghi f., IGT Decl. § 3. imríghe, Éigse xxvii 74.1 . imrídhe, 76.49 .

I moving about, wandering, migrating, trekking, shifting (position) : dia talta de in cheirt būi uime, nī bu decmaing techt dī for imirgi a haonar, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.21 ). techtai[d] faithchi i mbithbiat caírig cen immirgi without change of place, Críth G. 198. comicheach bis itir da tir dligid lan imirche has a right to a full passage (? for cattle), Laws iv 156.17 . atait secht n-athgabala gabur la Feine cid for imirgi even on a flitting, Laws v 260.16 . for imirge .i. for teithed, 484.23 Comm. intan ba háil do thustidhibh Senáin imeirghi do dhenam `when Senan's parents desired to make a removal (i.e. to change to another district),' Lism. L. 1898. imircedha ┐ aitherraige longphort `shiftings and changes of camp,' CCath. 3439. utmhall mh'imirce a muigh na Bóruime `restless my wandering,' BS § 45 . prespiter in t-ebra uais | ... | senior a laten malle | ní dereōil inn imirge shifting of sounds ?, ZCP viii 113.29 . immirge re ... Bruide, AU i 56.5 (=teichedh do Albanchaib ria mBruidhi, Tigh., RC xvii 142.x ). imirci neirt do dhenum do clainn A. an immigration in force was made by the sons of A., AU iii 252.16 . muintir Ruairc do dhul for imirce `the O'Rourkes went on a migratory excursion,' AFM iii 632.9 . ingantaighi eachtra ┐ imircedh in tsēipēil `the movements and translations of the chapel,' Fl. Earls 124.27 . dol ar imirce dá dhúthaigh féin, TSh. 7766. fhoráileas Críost ar na daoinibh imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, 4103 . dochuaid Ádhamh ... go neamh ... 's a bhean araon ar imirche, Dán Dé xvi 24. m'imirce ní snaidhm mar so `thus my passing will be no anguish,' PBocht 23 § 50.

II Concrete for abstr.

(a) a moving body of men, a migrating tribe or household, a band of emigrants, a wandering troop: berthius Crimthand mac Ennae i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse conid de ata Tir na Himmergi `C. sent the wandering host of the Deisse to A. L. southward whence the Land of the Wandering Host,' Cymmr. xiv 108.5 . iar tuidecht do Mac Con a Temuir cona himirge, Fianaig. 36.2 . anais Brigit frisin imairchi B. waited for the migratory band, Irish Texts i 13.40 . rob é lín imirce Mochuda `this was the number of Mochuda's train,' BNnÉ 298 § 40. anūair dobí Maeise mac Amra cona imairce ic techt tar Muir Rūaid, ZCP v 497.24 . is slan carra na imairge do fasta `it is safe to detain the wagons of the emigrating party,' Laws v 258.6 Comm. breith ar deredh na n-imírcedh `the rear of the migratory forces was overtaken,' AU ii 524.18 . in méit térna ó Gallaibh do imercibh cloinne Tomaltaigh ... do chuaid drong dibh a ttír A. ┐ do chuaid Ó D. fúthuibh ┐ nir fhaguib en boin aca `of all the droves' (here seems to include both people and cattle), ALC i 278.24 . rí Connacht do thionól imirceadh na ttuath `the flitting forces,' AFM iii 558.6 . do gheall Críosd ... | ag a imirche asbal, Dán Dé xx 6.

(b) Of moveable property, what is carried on an expedition or trekking, a drove, herd, flock ; chattels: ni rucfaider ind imirgi se for óenchoí, LU 5395. tucait a m-bóthainte bó ┐ a n-alma ┐ a n-immirge dóib, TBC-LL¹ 78. ar a mét ra thálsat na halma ┐ na immirgi a loim ┐ a lacht and, 1592 . masat cethra co ndath chethra | ní himmirgi óenbó, MU² 485. cét cach míl ohoin ille | ro pa mor in imirghe, IT i 125.18 . in raga lim-sa a ingen ? ... ragad egin ar an ingen . tucc ass t'imerge dono, IT ii2 197.7 . Of a single cow : doairthenn C.C. in Morrigan cona bain ┐ asbert : ni berthar ind imerge `this cow must not be taken,' RC x 222.133 . oc breth imerge re sluag `to collect cattle for a host,' Laws i 136.5 . in la ro fuaslaices Find ó Chormac ┐ tucus in chorrimirchi dó and gave him the odd drove, Acall. 4978. do chuirsiot a n-imirgedha a mná ┐ a muinteara i ndaingnibh, AFM v 1848.7 . Of prey in general, gold, jewels, etc.: nirba l[eór] la hAlaxandir an imerci ádbul sin do thabairt fó a chumachta fesin, Alex. 601. Of birds : masat éoin ┐ ethaiti iat ni himmirgi óenéoin, MU² 393. masat elta ... ní himmirgi óenén, 396 . In name of a manuscript ( Peritia xv 373-76 ): ro sgrib in sgribenn n-amrae .i. in Imirce Ciarain, Fél. 90.5 .

la

Cite this: eDIL s.v. la or dil.ie/29233
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: le, le, lé, lasin, lasa, laisin, lesin, lasna, laisna, leisna, lemm, lem, leim, limm, lim, lium, liúm, lat, latt, let, letha, leiss, leissem, leissom, less, lessom, lessem, les, lesom, lesem, laiss, laissem, lais, laisem, lais, laisseom, lasim, leis, leiside, lee, l, laee, lǽ, lea, léi-se, lenn, leinn, linn, línn, linni, linnai, liun, liunn, lenne, lib, leu, léu, leo, leö, liom, leam, leat, lat, leis, lais, leis, lé, linn, leinn, leann, libh, leibh, le, liu, lelele, li, lam, lam, láad, lat, lad, lea, lia, l, liar, lasmbi, lastorchair, la, leis

prep. with accus. See GOI § 845 , Fraser, ZCP viii 46 ff . Occasionally with d p. of 1 suide: la suidib, Sg., 4a9 , Wb. 6b17 . 8a12 . 9c2 . 17d11 (but a p. la suidiu, 8a11 . 9b17 ). In IGT listed among the nine unaccented particles which do not cause inflection of masculine nouns ( IGT Introd. § 75 ). See also Magauran 4227 n. For the form in immaille(i) ille(i) see GOI § 44 , § 841 .

FORMS. With follg. noun: le, Cambr. ( Thes. ii 247.22 ). la, O. Ir. glosses and SR pass., also in early Middle Irish MS. texts, and concurrently with le, lé in later ones (le (sic MS.), AU 1085 ). For exx. see citations below. Doubling of follg. m, n, occurs sporadically in the O. Ir. glosses: la mmaccu, Wb. 19c15 . Ml. 49a20 . la mméit, 95d13 . 91c19 . la mmarbu, Wb. 25b22 . la nnech, Ml. 42c13 ; cf. also la gglais, Ardm. 17a ( Thes. ii 238.12 ). In later MSS. h is prefixed to a following stressed vowel. In later lang. also leis before certain proclitics: leis gach fear, TD 9.101 . leis gach neach, DDána 100.1 .

With article: s. lasin, etc. lasin conair, Ml. 45c9 . lasin sruth, Dinds. 52. lasa (n.), LU 10652. laisin, ZCP viii 107.3 . lesin, TBC-LL¹ 2374 , PH 7339. In later lang. leis an ( Dán Dé xviii 10 ). pl. lasna, Sg. 28a18 . Hib. Min. 3.75 . LU 8202. laisna. Ériu iii 140.184 . leisna, BNnÉ 70 § 116 , ZCP v 495.z .

With suff. pron. 1. s. lemm, Wb. 1b10 . 2c27 . 4b17 . 7a3 . lem, 5b31 . 14d16 . leim, Sg. 209b30 . limm, Wb. 19b7 , 23a18 , 23 . 23b34 . 24a27 . Sg. 188a19 . SR 1595. 3353 . lim, Wb. 7d3 . 8a3 , 8c17 . 23a27 . Ml. 55a4 . SR 1201 , 3361 . lium, Wb. 18a1 . Ml. 45c7 . 46c18 . 87b17 . 96a10 . 105b7 . 117d4 . 127c13 . liúm, 106b6 . 2 s. lat pass. in O. Ir. glosses: Wb. 10a10 . 16b11 . 29d18 , etc. Ml. 65a2 . 73a10 , 111a5 , etc. Sg. 215b5 . SR 1757. 2443 . latt, Bvi 74. let, SR 1593. 3 s. m. and n. Archaic (m.) letha, ZCP xx 401.8 ( GOI § 433 ) leiss, Wb. 6b8 , 16 . 14a22 . Sg. 29b12 , 13 , 19 . 61a16 . 93b8 . leissem, Sg. 10a11 . 28a18 . BCr. 32a5 , 32b6 . leissom, Wb. 33a2 . less, Wb. 6b21 , 26a8 . Ml. 35d24 . 71c12 . 129a9 . lessom, Wb. 10a14 , 24a17 . Ml. 47d2 , 131c14 , 132c6 . lessem, Sg. 77b6 . les, Wb. 10a2 , 32c2 . Ml. 18b1 , 34c17 , 55c1 . lesom, Ml. 18c6 , 23b12 , 53a1 , etc. lesem, Ml. 50b10 . laiss, Wb. 24b27 . SR 5791. laissem, Sg. 149b4 . lais, Sg. 153b7 . laisem, 158b6 . lais, SR 639 , 1631 , 2185 , 2591 , 2799 , 4969 . laisseom, LU 1425. lasim, Mon. Tall. 138.15 . leis, Sg. 111a3 , 202a7 . SR 637 , 2791 , 4971 (: geis), 630 . leiside, LU 1418. 3 s. f. lee, Sg. 167a4 . LU 3882. l, Laws ii 372.5 . laee, Wb. 14a37 . lǽ, 24d11 . lea, SR 3016. léi-se (: éise), Dán Dé ii 24 . 1 pl. lenn, Wb. 4a27 . SR 1615. leinn, GOI § 433. linn, Wb. 13b9 , 18a16 , etc. Ml. 30a2 , 5 . Sg. 198a6 , 207b11 . línn, Wb. 25a27 . linni, 4c23 . Ml. 26b6 , 10 . 30c3 . Sg. 149b7 , 160b2 , 207b9 , etc. linnai, Ml. 92c5 , 120b2 . liun, Ml. 89d6 . liunn, 112b13 . lenne, LU 1387. 2 pl. lib, Wb. 5a13 , 5d33 , 7d3 , 26a9 , etc. Ml. 115b10 . 3 pl. leu, Wb. 1d15 , 5d20 , 26d22 , etc. Ml. 3a6 , 14 . 33c13 , 35c23 , 43d1 , 102c8 , 139c3 , etc. léu, Wb. 30c11 . leo, 7d10 . Sg. 148b9 . 147a10 , 203a4 , etc. leö (disyll.), Blathm. 102 § 41. Archaic(?) lethu, Thes. ii 241.4 , Hy. ii 17 (see notes). Otia ii 86.8 ( GOI 52.3 ). For classical verse the forms given in the tracts are: liom leam leat lat leis lais (m.) leis (n.) lé linn leinn leann (lionn `lochdach') libh leibh le, 24 P 8, 194 (see also 190 , 218 ) = Bard. Synt. Tr. 7 ; cf. lionn: cionn, O'R. Poems 308. liu, Luc. Fid. 3212 .

With aile: lelele, Wb. 16c24 . li alaile, GOI § 845.

With possessives. 1 s. lam menmuin, Wb. 3d13 . lam' rig, SR 336. 627 . 2 s. láad muindtir, Mon. Tall. § 6 . lat tarb, LL 7644 . lad gráin, BDD² 1500 . 3 s. and pl. lea, Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 37 § 5 . lia muntir (3 s. m.), Thes. ii 249.9 . lía mathair, SR 2828 . lia n-athir, Ml. 127b2 . lea hanāil, LU 10599 . le a, Ériu ix 164 § 17. l, Content. ii 15 . le athair, DDána 65.31 . lá olc, LU 1390 . la náimtiu (3 pl.), LL 260b33 (Lg.). lea fuaire . . . lena thes, Maund. 136 . lena choin, Feis Tighe Chonáin 757. So also TSh. 1 pl. lar tir, Ériu iii 136.44 . liar, GOI § 845.

With rel. In O. Ir. las(a) n-: lassa ndenatar, Ml. 84a11 . lasa ndernad, Thes. ii 289.5 . lasa mbiat, Ml. 75b2 . lasmbi, 24a19 . lastorchair, ZCP viii 302.20 . lasra chētgabtha, 303.1 . Later forms: le ndingnad, PH 7526 . le ffaicfe, BNnÉ 74 § 133 . lea ttuitionn, Párl. na mB. 1207 . le gcurthaoi, Ériu i 101.7 . le a ndamnuighthear, Luc. Fid. 2989 . le ar chuireas, ML 110.4 . lé 'r-buail, PH 7653 . lé n-ar chuiris, Párl. na mB. 907 . Note also: leis a mbí, Bard. Synt. Tr. 4. lé n-a n-oiltior, Párl. na mB. 917 . With copula: O. Ir. la sin(n), Ml. 53c16 , 129b3 , 131d11 . Later: an fear lena holc ┐ lenab olc ┐ len holc . . . an fear le nach olc ┐ leis nach olc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 ( leis nach beag, DDána 37.4 ). learbh annsa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 762 . na fir len leis an fearann, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. (cryptic) loiscia .i. liath (? = lia 'with his' etc.) Goid. § 163 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 . losca (? MS. losco) .i. leo 'with them' Goid. § 181 , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

In a number of idioms used concurrently with FRI, which it to a large extent replaces in the modern language.

MEANINGS.

I Denoting spatial proximity

(a) beside, by, touching : dollécet a láma la tóeb fochetóir, LU 8212 ( FB 16 ). amal roboí . . . laa and la toíb ind locha, LL 14439 ( Ériu v 208 ). snidig banna la taeb na columa medonchi in cech aimser, PH 6356 . trí chéad each le gcurthaoi srian, Ériu i 101.7 ( co n-allaib óir friu, LL 13246 ). a uille do leicen leiss to rest his elbow upon it, Fl. Earls 216.26 . gur léig a leathcheann lé a leathbhrollach, PCT 557 ( Gadelica 127 ). dia mbúi fecht lasan muir amuich go bfacuidh an días Erionnach dia ḟios, Ériu iv 63.26 (here the pseudo-archaic `lasan' may be a scribal affectation). ar bhfaicsin déar le a gruaidh, DDána 69.11 . Cf. beith le remonstrating with: dob é rún Ríogh . . . , beith léise ar lot na habhla, DDána 5.25 . Cf. FRI I (b).

(b) along by (see also I (d) below): flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat do erissem dia lethlaim furi a railing along the way they go on which to rest a hand, Ml. 45c9 . a sescunn da cor la descert léni la fur conrici hucht noi nomne `from the Moor of two Hillocks by the south of the meadow, by Fur as far as the Nine-Trees Hill', Thes. ii 238 ( Ardm. 17a ). ótha crích drommo nit cu glais tamlachtae dublocha la gglais cu grenlaich fote `from the border of Druim Nit to the stream of T.D. by the stream to G.F.' ib. le hairer nÉrenn, BDD² 253.

(c) along with, in the same direction as; in motion with: luid leo fades, Thes. ii 240.18 ( Ardm. 18a ). luid espscop fith leo for longis, ib. do thuidecht lat illei, Wb. 30b17 . ar tuidecht leu do brith macc nIsrahel i ndoiri for coming with them to carry the children of Israel into captivity, Ml. 113c8 . in gilla do thecht . . . / le . . . istech talman, SR 3196 . is amlaid tánic A. ┐ a tri meic les, LU 17. do hindled a carput forsna heocha ┐ nusfaīdhe pātric cen duine leo cu feótur ina dísirt la Mochtae, ZCP viii 106.24 . tairsiu féin lat tarb, LL 7646 ( TBC-LL¹ 106 ). ní regat lend they shall not go with us, LU 4632 . ticfaitis fosta fer Fernmaige leiss, TBC-LL¹ 833 . tánic ┐ cóeca ingen lee connici in comdáil, LU 3882 ( SCC 39 ). tanic . . . co n-epscopu ┐ braithri imda lais, PH 1587 ; cf. a taidchrec co sommataid ┐ setaib leu, Ml. 123c10 . do ruacht fer . . . sin tech ┐ fer fo lind leis, LL 7672 ( TBC-LL¹ 135 ). dochóid F. lasin n-athesc sin F. went with that reply, LU 8099 . is é seo mo chétḟechtsa latsu bud é mo ḟecht dedenach, LL 8599 ( TBC-LL¹ 1207 ).

(d) following the course of, secundum (flumen): lotar lasin sruth gó a bunad, Dinds. 52 ( BB 377a41 ). o indill Laeg in gae Aife / lesin t-ṡruth, TBC-LL¹ 2373 . is ann luidhes lasin mBoind sair, ZCP i 464.24 . rosnaid Osine in snaschur ┐ focheird e la sruth na tiprat co hAth na Feile, Dinds. 52 = BB 377a38 . ba sed comarc boi eturra, tomlacht na mbo do lecun lasin sruth, cor'bo find in glaisi in a ndocum, Dinds. 53 ( BB 378a38 ) = ra doírt . . . blegon . . . lasin ṅglassi, LL 169b53 . (cf. Ériu ii 22 , Keat. ii 226 . lasin sruth is represented in the first by: iarsan abaind, in the second by: ris an sruth, see FRI II).

(e) with, in the company of: conrobith i n-indocbáil la Crist `so that ye be in glory with Christ', Wb. 26a28 . attrab la Dia `to dwell with God', Ml. 92a9 . ciatasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', Wb. 10a10 . nepproinde la geinti `of not dining with Gentiles', 19a10 . bes nobed nech aile leis ocind airchellad, Sg. 202a7 . bíad ind nim láad muindtirsiu `they shall be in heaven along with thy monks', Mon. Tall. 6 = fa re do mhuinntire si, Rule of Tallaght 40 . dubbert Pátricc cumtach du Fíacc . . . ┐ fácab morfeser lais dia muintir, Thes. ii 241.17 ( Ardm. 18a ). ainfa lib `I will tarry with you', Wb. 14a8 . corran célide libsi, 7a17 . congab iar suidiu i nDomnuch Féicc et baí and contorchartar tri fichit fer dia muintir lais and `after this he set up in D.D., and abode there until three score men of his community had fallen there beside him', Thes. ii 242.2 ( Ardm. 18a ). conna hacced nech leo hí that no one might see her with them, LL 260b13 ( LMU 11 ). In sense of alone . dob annamh thusa leat féin thou wert seldom alone, KMMisc. 346.8 . (see further Éigse viii 101 ). focal leis féin a word in its own right, a self-contained word (distinguished from a mere prefix such as comh- deagh-, etc.), IGT Introd. § 100 . See Celtica i 390 . In special sense: ni legend rollegusa la Petor `it is not a reading which I have read with Peter', Wb. 19a6 (cf. V (e) below). mosaithin aicce í / do lēigenn lē entrusted her to her to study with her, ACL iii 308 vi 9 .

(f) with , of mental relations and abstract qualities or notions; in some exx. assistance is implied: ls leu dorignius chomgnimu studivi innocentibus coniungi, Ml. 47a20 . socii .i. fodaimet immalle lium ón ┐ con dogailsegetar lium immalle dano `who endure along with me, and who also are sorrowful along with me', Ml. 87b17 . dia feidliged ires foirbthe leu, 136d2 . frithbruduth ointad la fírianu `refusal of oneness with the righteous', 76c4 . contísed P. do thoorund a luic lais, Thes. ii 242.7 ( Ardm. 18b ). gorb'é bés bfer nErenn beith leisan tí budh treisi to side with him who was strongest, Expugn. Hib. 74 . do thabhairt a lla baige leou, Ann. Conn. 52.12 . níl aoinfer ar in sgelsa leis, Rel. Celt. ii 293.28 . guidhim sibhsi fa beith lium uma cend I pray you to aid me concerning it, Fier. 96 . guidim sib fa cend beth lium im cach ní I beg you to side with me, 122 . With ellipse of verb: guidhim liom . . . / an chéad míle mairtíreach, Dán Dé xxv 62 . gā tarbha an béal do bheith lais / san inntinn ina éagmhais, xxii 20 . an lucht do-beir iad féin do shainnt an tsaoghail . . . óir saoilid go mairfeadh sin leó do shíor, TSh. 220. feib atré in mac bec atresat a gníma oclachais leis, TBC-LL¹ 985 . teid in ingen co n-ēgaīne moir lé dochum a hathar, RC vi 174.16 . scela lat hast thou news ? LU 7987 ( BDD 166 ). ZCP xiii 177.15 . dochóid F. lasin n-athesc sin F. went with that reply, LU 8099 ( FB 7 ). an teachtaire tig le haitheasgaib Dé, Dán Dé xiv 26 . an toisg lér chuirios iad the errand on which I sent them, ML 110.4 . abradh fris conā tardad gráin na hirfuath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5.8 . cona gabur . . . e can fir De lais, Laws iv 294.20 . dá gcaitheam thú leis an toil if I consume Thee with (sinful) desire in my heart, Dán Dé xviii 10 . Also in spite of: ní léigfiom úainn . . . / le a bheirt . . . nglanmháilligh . . . / an sduaigh I will not let the chieftain go, for all his suit of polished mail, Ériu ix 164 § 17 .

(g) with, in custody of, at the disposal of; carried or worn by: fodord doib di dommatu ┐ dufuairthed ní leu forasaith din main, Ml. 97d10 . fáccab Áed aidacht la Conchad, Thes. ii 242.20 ( Ardm. 18b ). admuiniur in slánicid foracab dian cecht lia muintir, Thes. ii 249.9 . co lóg leu á fognama hiro-batar di mainib inna n-egiptacdae, Ml. 84c12 . mar aes mbraith . . . / cen scribenn lib, SR 3479 . gaisced lasin n-íngin, LU 4522 . claidib gelduirn léo, TBC-LL¹ 175 . is leis . . . frith escra na E., SR 3592 . ra leiced Fer loga . . . siar dia bliadna ┐ da gabair Conchobair leis, LL 13246 ( Sc.M² 20 ). doriacht Niall immach ┐ in indeoin cona cip lais, RC xxiv 194.6 . rofhóid . . . a gilla, ┐ a bréit allais lais, airm a mbói, PH 2193 . is amlaid tancatar, co slogu mora ┐ co n-ascadaib examla leo, LB 198b27 ( PH 6972 ). co n-imat piast . . . co mellaib dergaib umaide leo ina lámaib, PH 8312 . ni dlegait lōn leo for sét / . . . acht an ccéin rabhaitt amuigh / rī Érenn da bhfriothāilimh, ZCP viii 116 § 12. Common in this sense with beirid and do-beir (q.v.): an rí chondaigi hi foss / manimbera latt ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296 . iarsindí dunnucsat i ndoiri leu `after they had brought us into captivity with them', Ml. 92d1 . manimbera su latt if thou dost not carry me off, LL 260a43 ( LMU 9 ). do bert a chend ┐ a fodb lais, LU 5144. co ructáis a chend leo, TBC-LL¹ 1433.

(h) along with, and, in addition to, as well as: la cach cuimliucht ol chenae gl. hoc reliquis quoque commodis iungetur, Ml. 112c9 . ni lour in degforcitlaid maní be indithem leir . . . lasin `withal', 53c18 . tórmaig la cach maith dubir dúnni ar ṅglanad hua . . . chomroircnib gl. adde ad augmentum benignitatis tuae ut ab errore nos convertas, 105d4 . la sassad inna n-anmandae gl. et quod est amplius post expletionem . . . animantium, 129d16 . is airi nistabur la k ┐ q gl. h . . . aspirationis est magis nota, Sg. 4b13 . lasin ngutai inna degaid, 7b6 . co ndechatar [int sailm] mudhaigh hi tempal lasind canoin ol chena, Hib. Min. 7.210 (`they were lost in the Temple with the rest of the Canon', Strachan, RC xxviii 203 ). int[ṡ]ailim lasna noibscribhinna atarimim `I reckon the Psalms with the Sacred writings', Hib. Min. 3.75 . ataruirmiset la gerind `they have reckoned them (i.e. participles) with the gerund', Sg. 188a1 . biit remsuidigthi uaraib cen briathra leo, 215a6 (cf. friu in similar sense, 5). sens magis ┐ posit leiss `the sense of magis and with it the positive', 39a29 . atá dechor n-aimsire hi suidib la cumscugud coibedne, gl. etiam in prima persona habent differentias temporum, 146b15 . da cet mile . . . / la tri cethair cethrachat, SR 116 . tricha lathi . . . / la dech n-úara ┐ lethuar, 225 . immon Michil lasin crosfigill so, immon Muiri lasind crosfigell n-aile, Mon. Tall. 28 . masui dina[i]p Psalmaibh [in tituil] cid arna gabtair leu ? Minip dinaib psalmaib, cid ar[a]scriphthair leu?, Hib. Min. 7.230 . gaibti seom tra teora biadi ┐ magnificat la cach naí, Mon. Tall. 5 . ronbiat da tír lar tír we shall have two countries in addition to our own, Ériu iii 136.44 . bennacht fort . . . la céol nimhe deit dara éisi, BNnÉ 92 § 202 . co ndechaid [in rí] docum ithfrinn . . . la dilsi a thire do Senán ó sin amach, Lism. L. 2328 . condasloic . . . lasa loim gabais asind lestur swallowed her along with the draught, LU 10652 . atat sin sin duma . . . / iii. meic ríg . . . / la tri ingena, 2866 . See also s.v. taeb (la, fri, t.). In leiss (etc.) also; either : ind indocbál doratad do Crist condartar dúnni less gl. coheredes autem Christi, si tamen compatimus ut et simul glorificemur Wb. 4a18 is possibly an early ex. of this (cf. ZCP xvii 223 ). sine é sin ná tusa ┐ na mise leis, Celt. Rev. ix 142.25 (text and MS. late). rachaidh leis féin ar foghuil / raghaidh leis le féin bhFuinidh will go also, Bard. Synt. Tr. 8.10 . lais in this meaning forbidden, ibid. ? ré bliadhna ┐ beagán lais, TD 15.10 .

(i) with, assisting, on behalf of: ar debaid . . . leis fri Senach, LU 3342 ( SCC 13 ). dena ernuighthi leamsa curab reidh dham dhul, Lism. L. 1560 (= ora pro me, Lat. Lives 82 ). ro ghabh B. pater leis, Lism. L. 1566 (= orante B. pro eo, Lat. Lives 82 ).

II Of temporal relations.

(a) Marking point of time, coincidence of occurrence or action. Of point of time: is gnád bróen . . . oca turcbáil ┐ lia fuined, BCr. 18c2 . dognisom ind figild la matain `he performs the vigil at matins', Mon. Tall. 30 (= ar maidin, Rule of Tallaght 96a ). la turcbáil ṅgréne at dawn, TBC-LL¹ 634 . la fuinead ṅgréne, Ériu iv 138.24 . PH 5108. la fescor, PH 1699 . ro imthig reme la doshoillsi na maitne, Grail 1324 . ni tigdis acht le deghdil (= dedail) laoi nó le tosach seachdmuine, ZCP x 291.16 . Cf. la linn (3 linn). Of actions: cóichet na heichsi a gilli for se la fegad co andíaraid fair, LU 8522 ( FB 38 ). la fuirmed in mátan fair, LU 8545 ( FB 40 ). gairfitit . . . le guth a Dūileman (sic leg.), ZCP viii 212.22 . adbered-seom iarum la déicsiu in chuaich . . ., Ériu i 46.11 . tinoilis T. a muintir . . . fo cetoir la hairiugud Cesair cuige, CCath. 3735 . forba ┐ crich do dul for in forbunn rechtaide la tuidecht soscela, PH 3450 . rogab . . . imecla Sir Persaual la faicsin inn eich, Grail 1974 . Freq. in la sin and esp. la sodain with that, immediately, thereupon : dofeccai secha a gabuir . . . lasin donic in gabuir chuci, LL 14155 ( RC iii 184 ). See 1 sin. colláa th'ais tra ol sesem . . . La sodoin fochedoir slechtais C., Mon. Tall. 7 . la sodain téit úad, LU 6100 . ni thó or seiseom. La sodain focheird bedg cuce, LL 260a41 ( LMU 9 ). See 1 suide. Note also: cani du pater fothrí lase thereat, Thes. ii 249.3 . leis sin thereupon, TSh. 364.

(b) This sense sometimes merges into that of III (a); cucut . . . thánac do nim / la forngairi De, SR 1696 . luid for muir . . . lá forcongra Pátraic, Trip.² 2633 . do choid ass . . . in draicc iar sin la brethir in apstail, PH 2505 (cf. soithis A. fri brēithir a mathar, Cáin Ad. 8 . issí . . . rotathbēogadh . . . fri brathair nA., 10 ). rofacsat i n-aenla i la clois[t]eacht Cesair amain `merely on hearing of C.', CCath. 815 . ro eirigh an ben iar sin lé haithne Maodócc `at the command of M.', BNnÉ 218.28 . attracht in duine . . . la cloisteacht in sceōil `on hearing the story', Fl. Earls 194.1 . Cf. VI (b).

(c) during : dogéna sibh an caiscc si mara ndernabhair hí leisna secht mbliadnaibh ele si, BNnÉ 70 § 116 . ni lamar la graifne in gáid / élud, aithne, athgabáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.223 . lé ló in his time Content. ii 15 (cf. réd lá, xxiii 4 . rem lá, ACL iii 304.20 ). le haimsir, Párl. na mB. 17 . This use seems confined to later texts and is probably derived from FRI IX (b) q.v.

III

(a) on account of, because of, by reason of (see also II (b) last para., and FRI IV (b)): ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . gabail mo gotha dim la mméit inna nimned forodamar, Ml. 95d13 . ingnad lesom cutuim doib lammeit inna soinmige hirobatar, Ml. 91c19 . co mbo nem tened indala leth dind rígthig lasna claidbiu ┐ la fáebra na ngái, LU 8202 ( FB 15 ). lasin siabrad ro síabrad immi, LU 9143 ( FB 88 ). ce do faidsad snathat for lar . . . rocluinfide lasin tuí imbítis, LL 12557 ( Ériu iv 30 ). co mboi C. oc sirchuí lásin ngolltraighes, RC vi 183.16 . ba failid lais labra fris la somillsi a indsci, Grail 2187 . gu ro facsat sruithi . . . a n-istuda . . . la homun Cesair, CCath. 772 . ba huathad ro ela dib la f[a]ebra ┐ tennti ┐ biasta what with blades and fires and wild animals, few of them escaped, PH 6326 . le [a] mhéd rachas da ríodhún / a n-íobha slógh mear Mumhan / budh hól gan fear n-ealudhan, Ériu v 54.30 . Cf. II (b). ar ecla Chuind ┐ la hecla rīg Ulad, ZCP viii 274.25 . techit la crith ┐ omon Meic C., LU 7237 `with trembling and terror of Mac C. they flee', BDD 90 . tobur nach etir le duine . . . d'ol lea ḟuaire a ló ┐ lena thes a n-oidhchi, Maund. 136 . ní caomhnactar a feughadh . . . leis na ruithnibh diághadha, ZCP v 495.z . le na fad liumsa co faca tusa anocht, docuadhus . . . gut' iaraid, ZCP vi 66.21 . ni cumgat ni la Mac nDe, Anecd. iii 55.27 . nir ḟētsat in tech d'fāgbāil la daingne an iadhtha bái fair, Irish Texts i 42.10 . níorbh iongnadh le méad a sluaig ar ngéill do Chian it was no wonder we submitted to C., considering the size of his army, Ériu i 93.18 . tic la egsamlacht an inaid . . . examlacht an blassa (o, a, v.l.), Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.11 .

(b) In the following exx. the notions of purpose and instrument are more prominent; through the agency of, by means of: in tan scaras fria thola leo `when by means of them he separates from his desires', Thes. ii 247.7 (Cambr. Hom.). am dechaid a trian sin la bruith `when that third had boiled away', Mon. Tall. 52 . dolduid bannan bec bec as lasind fascad fottai `by reason of the long squeezing', 61 . rogabtha a cossae cona dernae figild rée mor ria necaib lasind forcrid dorigni dia naild, 34 (= ar an iomarcaigh dorighne se cheana, Rule of Tallaght 103 ). Cf. nombeir fort muin connesbiur dich latt take me on thy back that I may get (lit. drink) a drink with (by means of?) thee, RC x 214.z . gach paiter dar gabus riam lesin mbelsin, PH 7339 . is í so in t-ochtmad plág lér buail Dia Faró, 7653 . gach ní at-chluinim leis an gcluais, Dán Dé ix 6 . in spreid la ndíngned nech a bethugud, PH 7526 . clann do dhénuimh . . . dhi / le féghuin an éoin eile, IGT Decl. ex. 496 (= ar fēgad, ACL iii 238 ). rostad a n-éisg doníd ar chlochaib leisan grēin, Maund. 49 . maothuighthear í . . . le fothrogadh fola do thabhairt dí, Mac Aingil 306 . dogheba sibh . . . soinean maith le ffaicfe sibh an t-oilén so, BNnÉ 74.9 . geas do bhí ar an sleigh sin . . . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé, Keat. ii 4390 . an t-urchar . . . ler thuit morbhar G., Rel. Celt. ii 194.13 . ag gáire le guth mór, Dán Dé xxix 5 (cf. ro nuall o guth mor, PH 2898 = do éigh do ghuth ard, Matthew xxvii 46 ). Of persons: dochotar martra la heachtrandu, YBL 12a28 . ata Muma lais i ssíd through him M. is at peace, LL 19073 . tairthe na bhfeadh leat do lúb, L. Cl. A. B. 234.6 . Cf. II (b).

(c) Of accompanying circumstance or condition; contemporary action: nach comai[r]le . . . dognither la fortach[t] Dae is bithsuthin adae, Ml. 51b28 . ar bá fio factus sum dogéni prius; suffio sufiui immurgu la cumscugud n-inne, Sg. 185b4 . ní choímnacair a fogbail lá doirchi na aidchi, Trip.² 1446 (126) . focheird deit chubus . . . la slemni `send him away from thy confession gently', Mon. Tall. 2 . a mesrugud do neuch tra buddesin la eolus ind fita, 63 . ni aurcail dano laisiom do neoch cid chodala a lórtid acht rop la forcomet na trade colleir `provided that he diligently observe the hours', 82 . praind do tomailt la marb hi tig to eat a meal whilst in a house where there is a dead man, 65 . dá ndeach le bás mbeannaighthe, Studies 1918, 282 § 16 . isin rainn is nesam do dochuaidh la cundtabairt he goes (lit. has gone) to the next division to it by reason of the doubt, Laws iv 192.7. Comm . do-chúaidh an gort san choll go ndearna an tsoil .g. aris de la a bheith bog na choll chumuisg (i.e. g + c = cc but s + cc = sg), IGT Introd. § 30 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol, Fl. Earls 90.4 . caith le daondacht a bhfoighe, O'Gr. Cat. 29.5 . dochuir urnaighthe diochra go Dia . . . gidh edh nir treicc . . . a troim-easlainte leissin hé for all that, BNnÉ 275 § 257 . Cf. la dēcim felmac (.i. is amlaid ataciim conid mac foglamma) `according to what I see (he is only) a pupil' RC xxvi 14.12 . ( Rawl. 108a5 .)

(d) Expressing purpose with follg. vn.: lé a congbháil ó fhéin fhuinidh `to guard it', TD 10.16 . ní le rádh uirre is iomdha (of Jerusalem), 17.25 . la furtacht d'faghail in order to get help, Stair Erc. 78 . ar an leabhar . . . noch atā le taisbēanadh, Párl. na mB. 133 .

IV Expressing agency by, by the hands of, by direction or order of.

(a) With pass. verb. dogéntar aidchumtach tempuil less, Wb. 26a8 . congabtis gabala linn, 19a4 . a molad . . . lúaidfidir láedib limmsa `it will be sung in lays by me', Thes. ii 295.7 (Cod. S. Pauli). indí lassandenatar inna cumtach `those by whom the ornamentations are made', Ml. 84a11 . gabthe dunad les fris `a camp was pitched by him (Saul) against him (David)' Ml. 55c1 . dichossecrad inna cathrach conrotacht la duaid `of the consecration of the city that was built by David', 48d27 . conoscaighther du scath immut la cumscugud inna grene gl. sicut umbra corpus sequitur et conversionibus solis inflectitur, 118c12 . amal asrobrad leusom, Ml. 37b24 . oroit ar Thurcain lasandernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289.5 . oroit . . . do Flaund . . . do rig Herenn lasandernad a cumddachso (i.e. to whose order?), 11 . ised canir leisim, Mon. Tall. 131.11 . rothinolad lais . . ./ na fuair frisna secht ṁbliadnaib, SR 3393 . díaro sáertha na mná la Adomnan ┐ la Fínnachta Fledach, la ríg nÉrend, ┐ la mathib hErend ar chena, LU 2258 ( FA 32 ). do toglad in dun la Coin Culaind, RC vi 184.28 . Tigernmas . . . / leis ro berbad . . . méin óir a tús i nHerind, LL 2046 (cf. is aciside doronta ilbrechta i n-étaigib, 2037 ). darónad urgnam bíd ┐ lenna leo, TBC-LL¹ 811 . ro alt la Conchobar, LL 260a11 ( LMU 6 ). C. . . . lasrachētgabtha comgni, ZCP viii 303.1 . rohailed in mac sin la Cathbad, RC vi 178.129 . Marchelli din . . . is lais do-ronad leiges in abbad, PH 555 . gabthar Ailill la hÉ., RC xxiv 186.2 . a chlár . . . ler cabhradh cách, DDána 2.6 . Sometimes with ellipsis of the verb: ni do chach la Meidb in lind dálter for Fer ṁbáeth, TBC-LL¹ 2167 = ni do chách berar la Meidb, TBC St. 1926 . lechtain le Pedar / isan offrend ard uasal the lectio was introduced by Peter, ZCP viii 115 § 31. Frequ. with impersonal forms of intransitive verbs: dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg, Ml. 116b5 . dochuas (docuas v.l.) limsa chuici I went to it, Ériu iv 134.11 . cid fa bfuilter damsa lib what do you want from me, TBC-LL¹ 2261 . sciobadh na miasa . . . is trialltar leo tar sleasaibh an mhúir amach, Keat. iii 1012 .

(b) Denoting agent after vn. or an appellative so used: tri óenpheccad la Adam, Wb. 3a5 which could also be rendered one sin of Adam's. Cf. VI (a). conaroib diupart neich lelele `so that there be no defrauding of one by another', 16c24 . connabí asse a aicsin leu `so that it is not easy for him to be seen by them', Ml. 116a1 . Cf. cid fodruair latsu . . . mo dímiadsa fiad andrib, LU 3901 ( SCC 41 ). ba ferr a comaitecht . . . oldaas a tuitim la náimtiu, LL 260b33 (Lg). dogniat nuallguba . . . ic a riagad la drungu demnu, PH 8316 . cúirt . . . ag a cor suass lesin diūc, Fl. Earls 78.35 . Here may be assigned the type: ni sí ar sercc less `that is not the love He hath for us', Wb. 4b16 . méit for serc lemsa, 14d16 . Cf. 23a27 , 25a27 , 27d8 . ara seirc lind because I am so fond of her, Fing. R. 392.

(c) Denoting agent after active verb, at the hands of: cutrummae neich forodamair som leu `the same measure as he had suffered at their hands', Ml. 54b28 . Cf. maided fair lib `let him be routed by you', Wb. 7a4 . rombith lat . . . a lestar give me the vessel, Irish Texts i 11.2 . cach la tan ba leo. tan aile ba forro, LU 223 . co torchair .l. leis cona ḟiaclaib, LL 14054 ( RC iii 181 ). fuair bás na chomland chatha / la D., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 41 . dáig ni bam béo meni thaeth cara nó náma limm, TBC-LL¹ 669 . táet a bás lim, 907 . mad dia tóetsad latt, 2088 . E. lastorchair C., ZCP viii 302.20 . tuitfe tú liomsa, Duan. F. ii 256 § 31 . is lais tra forodamair in martrasa, lasin forcongarthid . . . Datianus, PH 1109 . o atchualaid tra Dioclian . . . in bisech bui for in cristaigecht lais (i.e. Paphnutius), 539 .

(d) With neg. vb. denoting preventive agent: mainbad tairbad bāis . . . / lem ni bud fien cen dīgail, Fianaig. 10.18 .

V In at, among, with (apud, chez, bei).

(a) Of locality or population-group: ucc domnuch mar criathar la auu censelich in Uí Ch. Thes. ii 241.6 ( Ardm. 18a ). la laigniu `in Leinster', Thes. 241.16 (ibid.). Raith Cathbaid .i. la Cruithintuaith Raith C. in the country of the Picts, RC vi 175.38 . Cf. la di[a]mair a inchlidi som gl. apud arcanum virtutis suae, Ml. 53a5 . nach loinges roḟitir E. la hEirind, Ériu iii 138.103 . érlamae Cille F. la Áu Amalgada, Trip.² 1540 . Mag Ṡeired la Tethba. Mag Tochair i Tir Eogain, LL 626 . Ui A. la Muaidh `on the Moy', Hy Fiach. 4. Cf. nach namae ro bói lia n-athir `any enemy that their father had', Ml. 127b2 . is de atā Trāig Ési la hUltu, Ériu i 118.35 . Crimthann la Hū Maine, ACL iii 308 § vi 1 . la hErinn huili throughout Ireland, RC iii 345.6 .

(b) Referring to persons or peoples generally: bat he berte bretha lib `let it be them who give judgements among you', Wb. 9c12 . lia muntair `among his household', Ml. 71c16 . no cainte tobchetal leusom hi tosuch cech mís, 102c8 (or to be referred to IV (a)?). rechtga[e] ríg amail rongab rechtga[e] righ Caisil la Mumain, Críth G. 520 . in Cú ro chúalammár la hUltu, LU 4832 . mad me bad chend athchomairc laisna Déisib, Ériu iii 140.184 . máethmaccáem co n-gabh armu lind, TBC-LL¹ 1249 . is hē ba tuaircnid flatha la Fiachaig, ZCP viii 317.18 . da ech bas ḟerr la Connachta `the best pair of horses to be found with the C.' LL 13031 ( Sc.M² 2 ). is é cétna ro gabh in ceim sin la Romhanchu `the first to obtain that rank among the Romans', CCath. 77 . do mheaduigh cert lem gach lá, Rel. Celt. ii 240.y .

(c) in, amongst, with, of customs and usages, corresponding to in, amongst, with , in such phrases as in Virgil, in Shakespeare, (it is the custom) in France or amongst the French, (it is a custom) with him; in the days of (cf. VI (d) below): intí lasmbi ind encae . . . intí bís isind encae (sic), Ml. 24a19 . file athir leíss `that he has a father', Sg. 29b12 . ní áis aeccalsa ata brithemin lib, Wb. 9c7 . lebedan .i. ised ainm forán la ezechiál `Leviathan, that is Pharaoh's name in Ezechiel', Ml. 93b7 . do thintud in suin ebraidi sluindes . . . ilintliuchtu la ebreu, 37a10 . dundgniat ind filid linni, 26b10 . briathra āildi la cechtar de frialaile, 31a24 . is la grecu atā a ndliged sin, Sg. 95b1 . dund lathar fil la Dia ocar nditin ni `to the purpose which is with God in protecting us' Ml. 103d27 . nad fel dliged remcaissen la Dia, Ml. 27d10 . mascul la baedam són immurgu `this however, is masculine in Baeda', Sg. 124b6 . arecar forṅgarthaid sechmadachti la Grécu gl. apud Graecos etiam praeteriti temporis sunt imperativa, Sg. 147b6 . ind interiecht nad rann insce la Grecu, 26b6 . cit comsuidigthi la Grecu ní ecen dunni beta comsuidigthi linn, 207b11 . aní as nomen lasna littridi aili is cognomen són la Priscien, 28a18 . is follus nach mór bríg articuil linni, 26b3 .

Very frequently in Laws i n phrase la Féine (Féniu) (frequently abbreviated lā) according to (the custom of) the F.: cis lir fodlai fine la Feine?, Laws iv 282.10 ( SM Facs. 3b ). atait tri comurba la Feine nis comsaer a cuir, Laws iii 46.18 . atait secht cella la Feine, na dlegad dire na dicubus, v 118.1 . dichenglaiter cach chor cen raith fine la Feine, iv 206.z . is [s]ruithiu la Feine in foesam andsen óldas a tir as a tairidnither, 9 ( Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ). Note further: ní heclas, acht ūam latrand ┐ tādat a hainm la Crīst, Ériu i 219.z . ar is fern laisin laidneoir ┐ u laisin Gāidel, ZCP viii 107.3 . ni facai . . . tuaslucud for selind n-imbe la muindtir Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 22 . atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail, 33 . ni fogni laisim fachmarc scel dóib `it is not his usage to ask them for news' 2 (see fo-gní). ba sollamain gresach la maccu Israel in sollamain-sea in Cengcaigis, PH 5417 . is meinic leis na hoideadha techt . . . do lathair na ndaltadha, RC xxix 110.x .

(d) Various: is bés leosom in daim do thúarcain ind arbe Wb. 10d6 . is bes leusom torand hi tempul delbae inna rig, Ml. 65c16 . ba lugae leu in sin gl. per . . . exempla iurabant, 118c5 . ba bés leu . . . ferthain ind óenaig, LU 3230 ( SCC 2 ). as breth la F. leth diri gach graid tuaithe for a mnai, Laws iv 306.17 . In the opinion of, according to: issi a bríg liumsa atechtae som huaim amal ni confessin etir I care no more about their going from me than if etc., Ml. 117d4 . ba bibdu báis leusom intí nád imdibthe, Wb. 1d15 . is cert a míad linn do beith-siu etrainn we deem it a sufficient honour, Mer. Uil. 49. See dar.

(e) from, at the hands of: gabais caille la patricc took the veil from P. (i.e. was professed by P.), Thes. ii 238.16 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). rotbia less lóg do daggníma, Wb. 6a11 . rotbia limm airmitiu intslóig, SR 3353 . nanní asbertisom frisom . . . ba ed a frecrae adi lesom `whatever they used to say to him that was the answer to them that he had', Ml. 62c13 . ba hísin tochuiridh Patraic leo the invitation they had for P., Dinds. 68 . in eitchi connaigh, nī sunn atā dhó acht a Clūain mic Nois ┐ la Ciarán, ACL iii 4.35 . amail rochualatar som lassin faith commad tria chumachta na hingine rogebtais tír, Ériu iii 138.80 . ro chuala la nech legas libru I have heard from one who studies books, LL 19060 ( Misc. Hib. 17 § 1 ). cia hairm ita in chleth, cluinem lat, Rawl. 84a21 . rot bia tír lind cen chís cen biathad, Ériu iii 140.168 . dia mbui Crist hi croich la hIúdaigib, PH 671 . rodbē a lūagh la Dia `may God reward you for it', Ériu i 46.27 . cīa lóg rombīa latt ar a fagbāil what reward shall I have from thee? ZCP iv 44.5 ( TBFr. 23 ). Cf. further: luid C. do forceatal gaiscid la Scāthaig . . . ilLetha, Ériu i 114.3 (cf. Wb. 19a10 cited under I (e) above). tathum cech maith la Gūaire, Ériu ii 16.13 . cía fogaba mōrchennsa / lassin dūilem īar ndola, BColm. 98.8 .

(f) The following also are most simply explained as developments of the sense with, amongst, at ; exx. of the types cited are very numerous in Old-Ir. glosses: trachtad lesom anisiu this is his commentary, Ml. 74c9 . cosmuilius aile lessom in so this is another of his similes, Wb. 10d14 . cosmuilius roisc anísiu lessom, 12c10 . canoin centrachtad in so lessom (of a verse without commentary), Ml. 132c6 . analogia laissem anisiu do thaidbse cheille `he has here an analogy to shew the sense', Sg. 149b4 . Cf. forsani as corda trachtad (dtrachtid, MS) lesom anisiu, Ml. 53a1 .

(g) according to, in the opinion of in phrases with copula: ished aperficere lessom (to do) this he deems perficere, Wb. 3d5 . is peccad diabul lesom he considers it a double sin, Ml. 97d10 . issí ind inducbal lesom in molad, 126b17 . arathis leusom anintamail fria ndeu `they deem it as a reproach', 138c10 . This construction very common at all periods to indicate possession of opinion, notion, feeling, desire, impulse, etc. The predicate can be (i) a noun, or (ii) an adjective. (i) iscían ós accobor lemm farríchtu I have long desired to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . intí lasinformat maith dodegdoinib, Ml. 129b3 . is machdad limm, Sg. 6a4 . cid as mó miscais lat atchí, IT i 81.18 . cach ní ba tol libse, PH 637. (ii) robu maith leu they would have liked, Ml. 105b8 . aní asmaith ladia doguidi, Wb. 4b4 . condib sain . . . linn, Tur. 86 . an robo dech leó dona tri coectaib ingen, LU 8724 ( FB 54 ). ba holc le anisin, RC xxiv 192.21 . amal ba lór leo, PH 3300. Common with menma: bá maith lais a menma, IT i 257.5 . See menmarc. See also dar. With certain predicates the meaning is more concrete, see doich, étir, mebair, etc.

VI Denoting possession, ownership, etc.

(a) attá x la y y has x (cf. oc IV (b)): nistá leo leth docoiset they have nowhere to go, Mon. Tall. 128.10 . robadar cethtri cridiscél liomsae `I have had', 136.19 . See also 144.28 , 130.1 , 135.19 , 135.28 , 148.20 . boí fled . . . la B. do Ch. B. had a feast (prepared) for C., LU 8041 ( FB 1 ). itá a rigan la cach ríg sund has with him, TBC-I¹ 190 . in filet scéla lib?, ZCP viii 318.20 . tresin ceird toṡuigthi fil lib, LL 13770 . mór na tiorchanta atá lionn, TD 27.30 . In St. Ercuil common in archaisms (see Introd.); elsewhere replaced by attá . . . oc . . . Cf. an lá nocha liom do bhí it was not my lucky day(?), Aithd. D. 47.1 .

(b) x la y y has x (perh. as (a) with ellipse of subst. vb.): ceist limm dúib, Wb. 19b7 . óenchoimdiu lib `one Lord have ye', 22d7 . sainred n-eulais leu, Ml. 37b12 . As subordinate clause: ho ro mmoidisom cumachte less that he had power, Wb. 17a12 . is torbach do popul flaith firian leu it is profitable to the people to have a righteous prince, Ml. 90b11 . conrubaidh fri m'enech gin mháthair nó athair lium (.i. agum), ZCP v 523 . Of personal attributes: rosc nglan . . . lais, LU 7078 ( BDD 75 ). berrtha lethna leo, TBC-LL¹ 181. Of relatives: da brathair limm, TBC-LL¹ 50 . E. . . . oenmac leis, Rawl. 148a5 . ni fess celi le, IT i 139.26 = nácon fes céle for a seilb, LU 10606. Various: de[i]ch mbaí lais, Laws iv 306.x . breithemnus dogrés la clandaib L., Críth G. 133 . leth in tigi . . . la Connachta the men of C. occupied, Sc.M² 5 . rob tusa lemsa / rob misi latsa, Ériu ii 89 § 4 (see Éigse x 46 ).

(c) is la x y x owns, possesses y, y belongs to x (also with ellipse of copula. See Éigse x 45 - 8 ): ní lanech huáin alaile, Wb. 6b20 . commimis less huili, 21 . leissom a tech, 33a2 . amal ata les inna nert, Ml. 108c11 . á aii .i. comtis les gl. uoluerit eos suos uocari, 92c10 . is limsa in cauradmir, LU 8974 ( FB 73 ). A. . . . ba leis ind Hériu, LL 14786 . latsu na rucais, PH 3217 . bud le a maccaibsi a cuit de, Laws iv 46.3 Comm . diamtis lat, LU 3310 ( SCC 11 ).

In extended meaning x has a right to (do) y: ni limsa superedificare it is not for me to, etc., Wb. 8c17 . is la B. tocht isan cath it is B's part to go into battle, RC xxiv 194.24 . riaguil proinntige . . . ní linni a rád it is not for us to fix the rules of the refectory, ZCP xiii 27.21 . is liomsa a chogar ó chiort I have a right to be heard by him, DDána 121.33 . Note also: in let / dál dia fuair doirthe dost thou know why? Metr. Dinds. iii 412. 27 . do ba leam ise d'aithmhealladh it was in my power to, Aithd. D. 89.32 . imtheachd . . . is é bhus libh, DDána 26.3 .

(d) Phrase x la y as adjectival complement of a noun: petta sindaig la rig L. a pet belonging to, IT i 46.22 . dorime an mac aite ile lasin n-athair many places belonging to (that many places belong to?), Anecd. i 51 § 3 . E., cathair . . . lé hEoin, Maund. 31 . go baile le diūc de L., Fl. Earls 74.28 . Cf. Créd la Marcán, Anecd. i. 7.14 .

Personal forms used reflexively: atdubelliub lemm, Wb. 7a4 . décce lat corintiu, 10c20 . atreba leiss possesses, Sg. 33a1 , 4 . addella leis tech[t] do thig filed N., Otia ii 86.2 . faichle lat atair mo thairbhse, BB 384b36 ( Dinds. 66 ). Áth Chliath fégaid lib, Metr. Dinds. iii 100.1 . finta lat in ranic ní Fer baeth, TBC-LL¹ 2198 . an fitir lat?, YBL 13a24 ( Snedg. u. Mac R 46 ). imthigid don halla leó féin, Maund. 203. áirimh leat, Content. v. 71 . tiomsaigh leat, TD 2.5 . See Duan. F. iii 75 n ., Celtica i 390 .

Idiomatic uses with verbs, nouns and adjectives are given under the words concerned.

In later lang. 3 s. n. leis as adv. visible, uncovered : ná léig leis do bhrághaid bhán do not expose, Dánta Gr. 26.7 . a n-aighthe ┐ gach ní do bhí leis díobh all that was uncovered. Beatha S. F. 2347 . leigmíd ár mbrollach . . . leis, Párl. na mB. 562 . ? duit ó nach léis na lomróid, Rel. Celt. ii 298.26 . (Earlier ris, see Duan. Finn., Éigse ix 227 , fri IX (f)).

lenaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lenaid or dil.ie/29895
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -lenai, lenid, lenaid, -len, lentar, lia, -lia, -ruilli, -liad, -lilibh, lile, -lile, lil, lilith, -lilfi, -lliles, lilfes, lilit, lil, lilis, lilis, lili, liligh, lil, -lil, lil, lil, lil, leltar, leldar, lellatar, leltar, leltar, -ruildetar, lilis, lenad, lenamain, lenta

v Indic. pres. 2 s. -lenai, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). 3 s. lenid, Wb. 5c16 . lenaid, Sg. 9b17 . -len, Mon. Tall. 129.2 . pass. dia lentar , Laws i 266.4 . Subj. pres. 2 s. lia, Cóic Con. 16 § 3. 3 s. -lia, O'Curry 1886 ( 23 P 3, 22a ). With perfective particle: -ruilli, O'Dav. 1364. impf. 3 s. -liad, RC xi 446.55 = ZCP iii 249.19 . Fut. 1 s. -lilibh, Ériu ii 227.x . 2 s. lile, Fél. Prol. 309 , 311 (sic MSS.). 3 s. -lile, Laws i 192.2 Comm . RC x 68.15 (lil, v.l.) (used for subj.). Dinds. 127. lilith, Ériu v 242.178 . -lilfi, O'D. 976 ( H 3.17, col. 679 ). rel. -lliles, Wb. 10a5 . lilfes, Hib. Min. 82.17 (= linfes, LL 19089 ). 3 pl. lilit, Trip.² 2122. Lism. L. 3477 (citation). Pret. and perf. 3 s. lil, Imr. Brain 62 (lilis, v.l.). LU 5625 ( TBC-I¹ 1145 ). lilis, LL 11244 ( TBC-LL¹ 4453 ). LL 8907 ( TBC-LL¹ 1574 ). lili, RC x 68.8 (liligh, lil, v.ll.). -lil, Thes. ii 291.16 ( Ml. Poems 2 ). ro lil , Ml. 54d7 . Fél.² cxxi 32. Trip.² 887. TBC-LL¹ 1058 . rod lil , LU 6182 ( TBC-I¹ 1698 ). diar lil , PH 6538. 3 pl. leltar , Irish Texts i 12 § 36 (Vita Brigitae). ro leldar , Ml. 96c13 . ro lellatar , Corm. Bodl. s.v. Morann (ro leltar , Y). ro(m) leltar , LU 9401 . 9435 . -ruildetar, 3265 ( SCC 6 ).

Later as secondary vb. with stem len-. IGT Verbs § 73 , § 80 . The stem lil- tends also to become generalised, hence lilf-, lilis, see above.

Vn. lenad, lenamain. Cf. líth. Part. lenta.

I Intrans. remains, continues, survives: no feidligfed .i. leanfad (sic leg.) a mbescna, ACL iii 12 § 19 . ni fada dho lean in scél, BB 31b9 . ro llen berla n-ebra / ic lucht in domuin, Rawl. 69a26 . o roclai-sium cath for deman ni len claoine evil no longer survives, Lism. L. 2146. Esp. of names: ro lenastar int ainm as Cothraige the name C. survived, Thes. ii 309.49 ( Hy. ii 6 gl .). les-ainm lènus (one of seven kinds of satire), Laws v 228.26 . ni fes in lile itir in t-ainm, i 192.2 Comm . it lethdire fir dia mbí aír no lesainm . . . dia foclat comaithigh co lilfi fri ré a í ┐ a iarmui, O'D. 976 ( H 3.17, col. 679 ). ó bheith da corp sa ghlaisi / do lean ó Dhubh Dubhghlaisi, Duan. F. ii 22 § 13.

With various prepp. With A pursues (a matter), persists in: ni lenab ass ní bús mó / . . . / maithfettsa duit mo liubhru, Anecd. ii 37 § 5 . lenaid as in ecclais, BNnÉ 309.y (`[they will] follow the church thence', but perh. rather cleave to or uphold (ipv. pl. 2) the church; perh. read ar, cf. Arch. Hib. i 90 xi below). In phr. l.¤ as sin it follows from that: ma theid [an eglais ar sechran] . . . lena as sin nach ttegasg an Spiorad naomh í, Luc. Fid. 366.14 . nir lean as sin gurab . . . olc leis onor . . . do thabhairt do neithibh oile, 217.13 .

With CO cleaves to: mani dernat co cenn mís dotíagat for cairdde ná[d] lenat a lepthai cucai anall, Críth G. 362 `do not adhere to him', p. 71 . fir Eirenn tar ler lilit / co Brighit is co Brenuinn, Lism. L. 3477.

With DI (somet. perh. DO) clings to, adheres to, cleaves to, stays with, follows : ro leldar díb són gl. rotae axibus adhiserunt, Ml. 96c13 . lil in chertle dia dernainn, Imr. Brain 62 (lilis, v.l.). Cf. Anecd. i 69 § 165 (ICM). leltar da clam do Brigit, Irish Texts i 12 § 36 . bes ar Emer nocon err in ben día lenai, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). luid Fergus . . . forsin n-imarchor n-ísin. Lil di sudiu . . . Etarcomol, LU 5625 ( TBC-I¹ 1145 ). lilis Cu Chulaind . . . dena sluagaib, LL 8907 ( TBC-LL¹ 1574 ). coraigis . . . in cend risin colaind ┐ leanaid de fochétoir, RC xxiv 62 § 23. marcach in mara mongaig / ní lenand do sithlongaib, LU 3990 ( SCC 45 ). nogo len uisci do bir / ni lean cin neich diaraile, Ériu v 24.27 . do lensat de `they clung to him' (of one taking cattle in distress), Laws ii 50.10 Comm . na len diom-sa, TFrag. 208.16 . dobert dono uball do ara liad di lar amail no liad ind uball sin, RC xi 446.55 (`follow the ground'). Fig. a lliles dind ancretmiuch bid ancretmech, Wb. 10a5 . lenit a pecthe dindí dobeir a ngrád, 29a23 . ro lil dím m'ernigde ┐ ni dechuid huaim gl. nunquam a me promouit oratio mea, Ml. 54d7 . lenaid din gutai thóisig gl. ex superiore pendens uocali, Sg. 9b17 . is menand is dind insci riam lenid, Wb. 5c16 (`it is clear that he adheres to the previous utterance'; ? continues with, carries on with). acht co ro lentar don cedna provided that one persevere with the same, RC xxvi 366.21 . lia do fír .i. len din conair fugill is fir, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . lilisiu . . . / donaib félib, Fél. Prol. 309 , 311 . ro lil menma mnā Cāier do Nēde, Corm. Y 698 (58.18) . ro lil ainm de .i. Mogh emi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 30.19 . conid de rod lil Goll de that's why the name G. stuck to him, LU 3178 . adbert M. gan a losgudh do denamh nach lenadh a cin don tir, Ériu iii 152.4 . cīa fot lenfa desin? . . . Nad lenab ō shunn how long wilt thou carry this on? MacCongl. 65.17 , 18 . ná lean díom i n-a ndearnas, Aithd. D. 34.15 . níor lean dá nós, Keat. Poems 1453 . grádh Dé ┐ gach ní leanas de, TSh. 9091 . an dream dá leanann sal na seinchion, 5247 . leanann dá slighthibh saobha, 5011 . coir ord ura dlige dia lentar leir which is assiduously adhered to, Laws i 266.4 (glossed: .i. mada lentar de co leir, 292.28 ). Appar. with DO in: fada leanus an léan dáibh (: ḟagháil), Ériu viii 193.35 .

With FOR (AR)

(a) stays attached to, clings to: co rralsat sis anchoram; ro lend ar bendchopor in derthaige, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy. v Comm .) = for bendchopar, IT i 39.8 . Fig. ro lil in doíri sin forsna cellaib, Trip.² 887 . conid de ṡodain ro lil in t-ainm aurdairc fair .i. Cuchulaind, TBC-LL¹ 1058 . cur re teachta i dteagh nimhe / ná lean ar eachtra eile, DDána 10.33 . leanaidh Eoin ar an eaglais (i.e. became a priest), Arch. Hib. i 90 xi .

(b) proceeds against : bí leam, ná lean ar mo dhíomas `punish not my pride', Aithd. D. 97. 36 .

(c) Of reciting a tale, urging a request or explanation, continues, persists in: lean . . . ar aithris éachtmhar sheilg Fhinn, Oss. vi 16.9 . ní leanabh air I need say no more, Dánta Gr. 81.11 . ni lenfa me ort tair eis sin I shall not importune thee further, BCC 368.7 (§ 345) . ní leanamh (= -abh) tairis sin ort `I shall not press it further', Keat. iii 1502 . da leana ar cialla mar soin, Content. v 42.

With FRI remains with: do chuaidh D. ┐ ar lean ris ar tír `those who were along with him', Rel. Celt. ii 204.30 .

With I

(a) remains in, continues in, sticks in, clings to: dris na droigean . . . .i. lus lenas a n-edach, Laws iv 276.10 Comm . is ainceas do an fod lili a ndeguidh a athgabala, ii 52.x Comm . go ros lil desidhe teidbinniuss ciuil . . . isin leath tes, Leb. Gab.(i) 282.16 . len .i. tarisim, ut est len a ndiamair, O'Mulc. 784 . dochótar a ceithri cosa isin cloich [┐] feidligit (.i. leanait) innti a fuillechta semper, ACL iii 20 § 49 . míla géra . . . / ro leltar im srúb, LU 9401 . do len mo chos is tuir taeis, SG 243.36 . muilcheand moradbal cnam . . . co leandais na longbraigid, YBL 177a21 = BB 257b15 . cor[o] lensat a nglacca i mburd na luingi, CCath. 2121 . an eass ina laim ro lean, Duan. F. ii 74 § 29.

(b) persists in, perseveres with: ní ro lil in cléirech isna coibsenaib, SG 415.7 . leanamaóis is an charthannacht, Párl. na mB.. 4034 .

With LA cleaves to, follows : cia ba nóidenán ar áes / ni lil la [macc]u ingaes `clave not with', Thes. ii 291.16 ( Ml. I § 7 ).

With TAR pursues (a matter), persists in: ni lenabh tairiss 'I will not pursue the matter', BCC² 246 § 8 .

II Trans.

(a) follows (a leader): rata-linestar mac dó a son of his followed him, MU² 164 . Lugaid Loigde lentais slūaig, ZCP xii 379.20 . not-lenfutsa in slóg-sa `this army will follow thee', CCath. 638 . A. gusin lucht rolen, Aen. 53. lenfat amal cech ṅdescipul he, PH 2189 . a méad do lean Lúiceifear, Dán Dé v 12 . do len an senoir Ioseph hi i ngach conair, Smaointe B. Chr. 1097. Fig. imitates : leanam naomhadh gacha naoimh `may I imitate', Dán Dé xxvii 26 . do lean mé sna peacthuibh Pól, IGT Decl. ex. 765 . do lean Tadhg . . . aigneadh an ois éigcríona `followed the instinct of the foolish deer', Content. xxv 7 . as beg lenus Iosa Críosd in nglaine chroidhe `follow', RSClára f. 142b . lenuid na sethracha . . . gnás na mbráthar mionúr, f. 78a .

(b) follows (a track): ros-len Nel . . . / a lorg, LL 211b21 . in béist . . . ro-sl-len folliuchta in tshlóig, PH 7226 . lorg na lánamhna leanais, TD 20.39 . Fig. co lenand fer na lethfiadnaise lorg Iúdais, PH 7623 . sliocht na gcéidfhear dá bhfuil féin / ní leanann, Aithd. D. 30.23 . an drong leanas an seachrán so, TSh. 4321 . mar go leantar an cion comhgais leó, Keat. i 68.21 . do lean sē slighe S. Froinsias ō aibíd, Beatha S. F. 1716.

(c) pursues, chases (with hostile intent): cor' len ┐ cor' geogain co mor, Dinds. 132 . cethruime uathu isin nesbac [do lenadar amach] . . . sechtar crich `for (injury to) the idler whom they follow outside the border', Laws iii 268.8 Comm . ro-lenastar Iriel . . . iat. Et ro-gab ac slaide . . . in tṡlúaig, LL 177b18 ( CRR 52.x .) lenais Fer Diad C. tar áth siar, TBC St. 3225 . ra lensad co longphort . . . iad, TTebe 4296 . ro meabhaidh for Airgiallaibh . . . ┐ ro lenta co Craibh Caille, AFM i 438.18 . do lean Ioab . . . é . . . ┐ do chuir sé A. i raon madhma, TSh. 997. Fig. persecutes, harasses : cidh imarlensatt na demna hē, ZCP xii 291.19 .

(d) claims, exacts : ná lean cóir meidhe an mheasa `exact not the justice of the Judgment scale', Dán Dé vii 16 . do leanfadh tú oruinn í (sc. an deachmhadh), DDána 25 a. 7 . lenfat mo chert ar Cloinn Dalaig, Irish Texts ii 40 § 1 . leanuimsi i gcéadóir an geall `I go promptly in pursuit of the gage', TD 22.13 . a ndligheann tú mar tá i litribh / leanfa `thou shalt insist on thy rights as defined in documents', Aithd. D. 31.20 . ? adeirid Muimhnigh . . . / ní nach leanaid a laochraidh, Content. ii 11 (`do not approve'). déntar mo dichennad-sa lat-sa, co ro-lenair trocaire Dé iar m'écaib-sea, PH 803 (`and thou wilt get').

Particularly in phrase l.¤ x (ar y) prosecutes a claim arising out of x (against y), calls y to account for x: dá leanta a Dhé a ndearnas `if Thou punish my sins', Dán Dé viii 11 . saoilim nach leanfaidhe leis / an cló do chuaidh 'na bhaithis `will not avenge', iv 10 . ná lean oirn-ne fhuil th'eidhre, DDána 40.23 . Nechtain gum dhín ar cech ndeoraid / lentair ag Síl Eogain orm S.E. are calling me to account because N. protects me, Irish Texts ii 42 § 14 . ól a lachda leanaidh sí / . . . / ar Íosa, Aithd. D. 100.34 . lean ar th'fhaghlaidh a hanuaill claim retribution for its (i.e. my soul's) arrogance from Thy enemy(?), PBocht 3.43 .

(e) adheres to, cleaves to: ni lenat foidhlenna fatha, O'Dav. 855 ( .i. nocha lenadh a snaithedh donahib lennaib, Laws iv 384.29 Comm .) (garments do not adhere to hooks (or racks) ?). ruilli .i. lenmuin, ut est mac claime ni comail mathair ar nach ruilli aillsi uaithi .i. ar na ro lena loissi oll na claime uaithi, O'Dav. 1364 (? leg. nach[a]). nis lenat cinaidh, Ériu xvi 181 § 17 . teagdais nār lean dath na dīadh, ACL iii 236 § 3 . ro lensad a dhi laim an tuadh, BNnÉ 185.1 . Very common in fig. use: (a) ni leanat peactha nech a mic, O'D. 977 ( H 3.17, col. 679 ). muna lia leasugadh Luigdeach Luige Lugaid lathgaile .i. mana leanad cinta leasuighthi do Lughaidh laechdha, O'Curry 1886 - 7 ( 23 P 3, 22a ). in tsrotha . . . niges anmand na náem din chutrumma chinad nos lenand, LU 2094 ( FA 16 ). ingean laich as lucra a laighnibh / nach lean locht, IT iii 88 § 107 . duine . . . / co nglanc[h]ēill . . . / nīnlen robāes, ZCP vi 267 § 10 . nis-len ecnach ond oes chetlach, Auraic. 5252 = ACL iii 296 § 44 . lenad hires, PH 2412 . congain liom go leanar th' fhoras that I may adhere to your law, DDána 2.7 .

Particularly of a name, nickname or satire: conid de ro lil Colman mac Dairine he, Fél.² cxxi 32 . ro lellatar iarum a dá n-ainm in fer, Corm. Bodl. 14 s.v. Morann (ro leltar, Y; ro lenustar, LB). conid de ro len in t-ainm a mmag do ingor Meic Cecht .i. Mag mBrénguir, LU 7980 . in bríathar dorat andsin / ros len, . . . / cosin nómad nó n-arsaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 130.87 . coro len ainm int salchair he, LB 145b52 . Cf. ondíu . . . lilit gabair far clainn, Trip.² 2122 (`according to Colgan the descendants of these thieves had always beards "caprinis subsimiles"', Stokes note).

Of the preservation of a term or proverbial saying: is ed armit fairend aile . . . conid din tendáil út lentar tendál samna o sin, LU 7045 . ósin ille lentar in senbrīathar has been preserved, MacCongl. 65.9 . ` gach éan mar a adhbha' / oirrdhearc so is ['s] sé leantar, DDána 98.1 .

(f) pursues, proceeds with (a narration, investigation): conid aidid L.¤ . . . andsin . . . nī hē lenfam sund beos, TBC-I¹ 882 . leor lend lenmait a sanaisnís, LL 16157 . dá leanta libh if you investigated the matter, TD 32.13 . do leantaoi le labhra tais / snáithe síodamhail seanchais `the silken threads of history used to be traced', Content. xii 4.

(g) continues: an Ragnall-sa . . . ó na lenmhuid Clann Raghnaill do rágh rena shliochd, Rel. Celt. ii 160.18 . do lenadh an ruáig orrtha, 192.10 .

(h) follows, comes after: ind crosfigeild fri biad cond neoch no-dus-len `with the part which follows', Mon. Tall. 129.2 . maille ris na hurnaighthibh lenus íad, RSClára f. 100a . fūigefem deghṡompla ag an lucht lenfas sinn, f. 37a .

4 prím-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 prím- or dil.ie/34562
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: príomhathair, primgin, prímgeinde, prímgeindi, primsacairt

adj (Lat. primus) used as indecl. prefix before nouns and adjectives, generally forming unstable compds.

I With noun, in sense

(a) first (in time), primary: ¤airec crainn chroiche first discovery, Fél. May 3 . ¤airigid `first dole' (i.e. refection), MacCongl. 3.16 ( ¤airaigid), but transld. `prime feast', 45.8 (perhaps true meaning). ¤athair `a patriarch ', P. O'C. : príomhathair (of Abraham), Hebrews vii 4 . ¤bélra primitive (original) language: an primberla .i. Eabhra, Leb. Gab.(i) i 192.15 . isna primbelraib .i. Ébra ┐ Grec ┐ Laten, LB 150b43 , perh. in sense (b). ¤chúis, Rosa Angl. 54.14 (= Lat. causa primitiva). ¤cuitech: ina p[h]rímchutig `first meal', MacCongl. 45.8 . ¤fid primary vowel , Auraic. 1433 . ¤gein s, n., also ¤geinde (geinddae), ¤geine io, iā. first-born : coínistir cách a phrímgein, Blathm. 28.316 . primgin, Corm. 37.12 (s.v. prúll). prímgeinde, Wb. 4b9 , prímgeindi, Ml. 123c8 (n p.). co marbdais a primgeinné, SR 3676 . iar marbad a primgindi, 4026 . ro marb uli primgeni Egepti, PH 3612 . tabuirt i prīmgini don ecluis 'to be given as a firstling to the church', CB 222 § 43 Comm. guidh lemsa do primgeine, Ériu i 122.17 . prímite ┐ primgene firstlings , LB 123a28 . mac primgeni, PH 6917 . cach prímgeinit .i. cach céttuistiu 'every first-born, that is, every first progeny', CB 36 § 43 . ¤gentecht primogeniture; birth-right : rot-mill Esáu a p., PH 8400 . Cf. ¤cinnect below (b). ¤les first-fruits? acht nochon-fognat mac Dé | is ní thabrat a primleis (.i. a primite), Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.17) = a primles (.i. a primgin), Corm. p. 37.12 = nocon-fhagbat a primless they do not find their prime good (summum bonum) (?), LL 167b 37 . primhleas .i. prímhide, O'Cl. ¤techt f. first coming: o primtecht Parthaloin, MacCarthy 316 § 5 ( BB 14a2 ).

(b) foremost, chief, principal, and without implied comparison prime (in quality), eminent; a commoner use than preceding. Of persons, esp. with titles, names of callings, etc.: ¤apstal: prímabstal hErenn, Hy. iii 1 . ¤ammait in domain chief witch (of Medea), CCath. 3910 . ¤ara: tri prímaraid ind ríg, BDD 113 . ¤challadoír Arda Macha `chief keeper of the calendar', AFM ii 1052.8 . ¤chomairlid chief counsellor, SR 6652 . ¤c[h]onsul, CCath. 4467 . ¤chríochaire `chief antiquary', AFM ii 1052.9 . ¤dalta: Lucas . . . p. Póil chief disciple, PH 5396 . ¤echlach: p. uile Mac Roth chief courier, TBC-LL¹ 100 . risin primechlaig, 4239 . Mac Roth in [ṗ]rímechlach (sic leg.), 5022 , cf. 5150 . ¤epscop, Ériu i 218 § 1 . ¤ḟáith, SR 5388 , 7132 . na .iiii. primfaith ┐ in dā minfaith dec major prophets, Hib. Min. 3.71 . tria gin in prímfatha Ysaias, Lism. L. 8 . CCath. 929 (of diviners). ¤fiadu: ticfa féin ar prim-fiada (of Christ), BColm. 14.8 . ¤ḟlaith, Acall. 595 . ¤fulachtóir: tri primfulachtore ind rig head-cooks, BDD 123 . ¤gaiscedach: a primgascedaig ollchuicid Ulad!, LL 262b2 = MU 6.13 . ¤laech: tri prímlaích chief warriors, BDD 128 . Cf. priomhlach .i. priomhláoch, O'Cl. ¤laeches f.: bantrocht na primlaichas chief lay-women, SR 7818 . ¤liaig, Acall. 3812 . BColm. 104.28 . ¤martir, Fél. Oct. 18 . ¤mind: soscela Coluim Cille . . . primmind iartair domain `chief relic', AU 1006 . ¤óinmid, Ériu v 20.5 . ¤ollam, Acall. 3811 . ¤pecthach: in primpeccthaig great sinners, SR 8349 . ¤preceptóir, Lism. L. 2745 ( ¤proiceptoir). ¤rannaire: primronnaire Patraic head-dispenser , Acall. 3495 . ¤rechtaire, Acall. 1469 . ¤reto[i]ridh, CCath. 4469 (of Cicero). ¤sacart: primsacairt chief priests , Wb. 10d15 . ¤saer (soír): tricha saér do prímsáeraib hErend, FB 2 . do acallaim prímshair na ṅGréc, LL 218b21 . ¤senchaid(e): primshenchaide na nEbraide (of Josephus), PH 6945 . príomhsheanchaidh Árda Macha, Ériu i 82 § 16 . ¤staraide, Leb. Gab.(i) i 4.9 . ¤suí, ZCP v 499 § 1 (used of head-teacher in a monastic school). ¤thoísech, SR 5388 . p. túaithi Dé, Ériu iv 142.2 (of Moses). ¤ugdar: teist an phríomhughdair S. Augustine, TSh. 5003 .

With other nouns: ¤aba main river , ZCP viii 202.2 . ¤airecht chief assembly , FA 13 . ¤aiste: na seacht primaisti ` principal metres ', Auraic. 1586 . IT iii 49 § 90 . ¤altóir, SR 4265 . ¤bile, TBC-LL¹ 1816 . ¤caindel: i ndelbaib primcainnel, FA 13 ( ¤choindel, LB). ¤cathair: in primhcathair airderc .i. Babilóin, CCath. 15 . ardespuc na primcathrach, PH 17 . Chief monastery : Fél. 184.29 . Lism. L. 4255 . ¤chenél chief race ( Ériu lxvi 167-78 ): batar tri primcinela in here .i. feni ┐ ultaig ┐ gailni 'there were three chief races in Ireland: the Féni, the Ulaid and the Gáilni', Ériu lxvi 37 §1 . cethri prímchenela Dáil Riata, SGS xx 175 (N) . is iat-sin cóic prímchenéla déc clainni Iaféth cona fochenélaib 'those are the fifteen chief races of the family of Japheth, with their subordinate races', Sex Aet. 75 § 27 . ¤chruachait prime joint (of meat), rump , LL 29b28 . ¤cubat: cuic prim-chubai[t], SR 2527 (where the prefix seems otiose). ¤chuit, Ériu i 134.6 ; viii 135.17 (chief ration or meal). ¤dorus, SR 7356 . ¤dún: for faidchi primdúni, TBC-LL¹ 1816 . ic togail na primdún chief fortresses (of Canaan), SR 7342 . IT i 118.5 . ¤eclais, Fl. Earls 174 y . ¤fhéil, Fél. June 10 . the 'principal feast' on which the saint's martyrdom is commemorated: oiffrend cecha primfheile, Ériu i 220.9 . ¤gaeth: cethri primgaetha . . . cethri fogaetha, SR 47 (winds blowing directly from the cardinal points), cf. CCath. 4335 . ¤inad: primhined chief abode , SR 6412 . ¤lepaid: meic Nechtain do chur assa primlepthaib (i.e. chief strongholds), TBC-LL¹ 1480 . ¤loch: prímlocha hErend, BDD 155 . ¤long: séolchrand primluṅgi móre a large ship, TBC-LL¹ 2623 . Lism. L. 3183 . ¤longphort, Keat. iii 542 . ¤mag: do prímmaigib hErend chief plains, IT i 127.24 . ¤oenach, TBC-LL¹ 2498 . ¤rand: anmand cheithre primrand chief kinds of quatrain, IT iii 51 § 95 . ¤reilec: prímreilce Herend chief burial-grounds, LU 4068 . rob í Tailltiu [sic leg.] tres primhreileag na hEirenn, Ériu iii 150 § 2 . ¤rót: coicc primroid Erenn, Anecd. ii 4.14 . ¤scél: the tales which the Irish filidh were required to know were divided into two classes, prímscél and foscél, see LL 189b44 ( MS. Mat. 583 ). iss iat so na prímscéoil .i. togla ┐ tana ┐ tochmarca, etc., 189b52 . ¤scol: do bhádar . . . cheithre príomhscola i nEirinn chief schools, Keat. iii 2573 . ¤ṡliab, TBC-LL¹ 1814 . ¤slige: primsligeda in choicid, TBC-LL¹ 1146 . ¤ṡlóg, Fél. Feb. 12 . ¤sráid, Fl. Earls 168.15 . ¤ṡuide, Fél. Prol. 117 . Lism. L. 427 . ¤tonn: primthonna Eirenn .i. tonn Glidhna ┐ t. Tuaidhe ┐ t. Rudhraigi, Acall. 7999 .

With abstracts (generally with emphasizing or intensifying force): ¤acallam: dolotar flaithi Laighen . . . co a rrig .i. primacallaim co Bran, Anecd. i 40.2 (`to take high counsel', Ériu iv 41 ). ¤chéssad, Fél. Oct. 15 . ¤cinnecht: in tan ruc [Iacob] in primchinnecht, SR 2920 (headship, supremacy? or birthright? cf. ¤gentecht above). ¤géim, TBC-LL¹ 6180 (< H.1. 13). ¤goibnecht, SR 4190 . ¤locht, Keat. Poems 661 . ¤lot, TSh. 7821 . ¤ṡorthan, Acall. 5304 n. = primordan, text.

II With adj. denoting possession of quality in superlative degree: ¤álaind: mac primalaind Priaim, BB 430b47 . TTebe 1394 . ¤arrachta, Ériu v 180.322 . ZCP vi 30.5 . ¤coitchenn: morleighnidh primhcoitcheann amail Origin, Lism. L. 3322 ; `a great reader of chief congregations', Stokes, perhaps rather universally known. ¤échtach, TTebe 3150 , 3315 . ¤elathnach, LL 218b22 . ¤eolach: fer frimeolach a man of great experience, ACL iii 234 § 12 . ¤fáthacdae: sailmchetlaid primfhathacdai amail Daibith, Lism. L. 3319 : cf. ¤fáith above. ¤maith: (as subst.) ronsóera la primmaithiu, SR 8146 . ¤réid very smooth, LL 233a20 .

sainredach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sainredach or dil.ie/36031

 

Forms: sun(n)radach, sainredaig, sainredchaib

adj o, ā (sainred) later generally sun(n)radach (sund-, sonn-).

I

(a) peculiar or belonging to (an individual), characteristic of; particular, special, set apart: s.¤ gl. peculiaris, Sg. 57a1 . Ml. 137b4 . sainredaig gl. peculiari, 138b3 . sainredchaib gl. privatis, 126a10 . ind s.¤ gl. privato, 124d14 ; s.¤ gl. sua, Sg. 148b4 . inna caine sainredchae gl. elegantiae singularis, Ml. 37b10 . cach gnúis nad techta ainm s.¤ `a special name' (a name of its own), Sg. 154a2 . in son file iar cul indi as sanctis asberr du cech s.¤ ┐ rubrigach techtas nech `to everything particular and excellent', Ml. 37a18 . asberam sanctos sainredchu . . . doib dint sainriud inna noibe techtae, 37b16 . atat . . . .v. psailim sainrethcha isin tsaltair forsa taphair ind apgiter ebra , Hib. Min. 6.190 . in forcmaither áes sainrethech dond fhi[u]r midboth?, Críth G. 32 . selba sainrudcha personal possessions, LU 2178 ( FA 25 ). da oibriughadh mor tshunnradhach fein, Smaointe B. Chr. 335 . In pl. also several, distinct : dunaib gnusib sainredchaib inna ndule, Ml. 108d14 . donaib oindaib nó donaib sainredcha[ib] gl. singulis, 45a8 (`preeminent', Thes.¤, cf. (c) below). ic sāssad cethri rann sundradach in betha, Corm. Y 607 .

(b) specific, definite (oft. = Lat. quidam, Eng. a certain): ainm do dorus s.¤ in hIerusalem, Ml. 131c3 . itá sóebchore sainraedach i mmedon in tsrothasin, LU 2113 ( FA 18 ). sluind persainni [sain]raidchi . . . in fer-sa saindriud cona anmaim . . . Sluind ceniuil immorro . . . is e in fear ┐ ni fes cia sainriudh acht is fer tantum, Auraic. 706 - 13 = persainde saindredaige, 3460 . daigh feised cisi inad sainradach a mboi, D IV 2, 73va4 . nāch do galar sainruthach etir atbath that he did not die of any particular disease, BColm. 106.4 . ro sudiged . . . fer sainrodach do guin ind arad that some man should be chosen to kill, LU 9755 = RC vi 164.16 . dofornic lanamnai sainredaig ara chiund a certain couple, LU 11017 . tre forcongra druincce sainredhaicche don Ord a certain section, Irish Texts iii 40.13 . i mbeól átha sainredhaigh a certain ford, AFM v 1856.3 . ro fhorcongair . . . for dhaoinibh sainredhacha uaisle, vi 2074.21 . aurthuch na forthuch for nech saindredach (.i. for nec dib go sunradach), Laws iv 178.20 , 180.12 Comm . sē laithe sonnradhacha chom dēirce gacha bliadhna appointed days, Fl. Earls 100.2 . Perh. partial, biased in: ma fiada forgill ni bi . . . sunnra[da]ch seircech, ni bi eitsech eascorach, O'Curry 2601 ( Eg. 88, 51 (52)b ).

(c) in sense special = pre-eminent: ferais Fand . . . fáelti sinredaig (sic) fri Coin C., LU 3779 ( SCC 35 ). is e do-rat seirc sainredaig dó sech cach n-apstal, PH 1922 . Cf. Ml. 37b10 cited above. ? neamhchoimeád na dtrí subháilceadha dhiadha ┐ na gceithre subháilceadha sonnrádhacha the theological and cardinal virtues, Eochairsg. 93.8 . do bi se sunnradhach ingantach tar cach uile, Smaointe B. Chr. 1964 .

Gramm. definite, due to definition by the article: .t. lom séimhiughadh sunnarthach .s.¤ aspiration caused by the article, IGT Introd. § 34 (11.32) .

II As adv.

(a) used like sainriud, in tsainriud: ni dae saigit s.¤ .i. ni he a ttarbh airithe fein ionnsaighit, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.18 . ro choraig airchindech airithe do na hulib dúilib saindredach: Lucifer dona demnaib, grian dona rendaib, etc., severally, PH 6380 . ateoch nem ┐ talmuin ┐ Cruinn in tsainrethaig C. above all, LU 5514 = inthainsrethaich, TBC-I¹ 1032 . dolluid dochum Fiachna in t[s]ainredach, LU 10925 . in na laimther forgull na airthiuch bid nech (leg. neich?) int[s]ainrudach `that it belongs to anyone in particular', Laws iv 192.14 . ? día sathairn do sundrách , BCC 268.19 .

(b) with co: in druth co sundradach, Laws v 144.1 Comm . beir lat soir go sunradhach go Breifneachaibh mo bhennacht especially, BNnÉ 266 § 234 . ar einech Ceneoil-Conaill uile ┐ hUi Tairce[i]rt co sonradhach, AU ii 254.8 . cur milset tuatha ┐ eclusai . . . ┐ co sundradach manestir Brathar Preciur, Ann. Conn. 1296.9 . ro fiarfaigh B. scela na criche-sin ┐ co sunnradach scela Sisian, ZCP vi 290.30 . is é peacadh an éadóchais go sonnradhach thuigthear ann so, TSh. 1904 . ar na neic[h]ibh fliucha, ┐ ar usci na fairgi go sunnradach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.25 .

samrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. samrad or dil.ie/36159

 

Forms: samradh

n o,[m.] (1 sam). See GOI § 263 . samradh m., IGT Decl. § 11 (53.27) . summer : s.¤ .i. sam ebraice, sol latine . . . s.¤ diu .i. rīad rithes grīan ┐ is and is mō doatne a soillsi, Corm. Y 1154 . samhradh .i. focul comsuidig[th]e ō Ebra ┐ ō Scotic, samh ebraice, sol latine ┐ riadh .i. rith. Samhrad didiu rith solis , O'Mulc. 860 . hi samradh ┐ i fogmur, Laws i 2.2 . o tosach samraid, ii 244.y . i ndigoin feoir ethamain tsamraidh summer grassland, iv 80.25 Comm . minchaisc ala laithiu do shamradh, AU i 438.2 . isint shamhradh ar ciunn, 444.y . a bfheil na Croiche, an tress lá do tshamhrad, ALC i 374.13 . i n-erroch . . . i ssamrud . . . hi fogomur . . . hi [n]gemrud, LU 8121 ( FB 9 ). isin tshámrud . . . i ngémrad, PH 7665 . lá samhraidh, IGT Decl. ex. 385 . a laib samraid, Irish Texts ii 27 § 13 . ó thá samhain go samrodh, TD 9.14 . ar eslaintibh in t'samhruigh summer illnesses, Reg. San. 27.4 . do-chuaidh an samhradh thorainn = transiit aestas, TSh. 6345 .

Fig. réalta shamhraidh shoishíne (of a chief), TD 24.14 . grian ghlan ghealmhaidne samhraidh (Mary), DDána 49.4 . samhradh gréine | 'n-a gruaidh chorcra, Studies 1930, 439 § 4 . go héag is doaimsear damh | d'éis an bháis bhias mo shamhradh my summer will come after death, PBocht 14.26 .

Scoitic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Scoitic or dil.ie/36550
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: S.

n [f.] (Lat. scottice, scottica lingua) the Scottic (i.e. Irish) language: is tria Scoitig roagaill ┐ ro agaillsidar-som eiseom, BB 44a27 . is assin iderar baird ┐ bairdne isin Scotic, CCath. 722 . nomen compositum o latin ┐ scotic, RC xx 154.14 ( ACC 4 Comm . ). focul comsuidig[th]e ō Ebra ┐ ō Scotic, O'Mulc. 860 . i dteangthaibh nach í an S.¤ , Content. v 37 . iad is líomhtha labhras Scoitig `of Scottic . . . most accomplished speakers', Ó Bruad. ii 54.5 .

suidigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. suidigidir or dil.ie/39208

 

Forms: suidigthe, suidigthe, suidiugad

v (2 suide)

I

(a) places, puts, sets : ní a forcenn ru-suidigsiursa gl. non quem statui, Ml. 59b2 . rosuidigestar dano u(i)rtutibus (i.e. in psalm), 63c10 . is and suidigitir som aní as uinum pro seueritate ultionis , 94c3 . do lár sudigthir ditiu `a covering is set against a floor', 120d9 . rosudigsersu doib, a dǽ gl. intra terminos tuos, 121a12 . huas litir suidigthir leo gl. supra literam ponentes, Sg. 17b3 . nosuidigtis nomina romanorum ante nominibus suís, 28a10 . rosuidiged . . . aibgitir ebra for cach nae, Hib. Min. 6. 180 . is do suidigthir anni is diapsalma, 9. 305 . la tir fris a suiditer (of cast-up ships), Laws i 128.16 Comm . trian di thir fris a suidigethar `in which they settle' (bees), iv 190.9 . alamaith (= ala n-iath?) fo tri triathaib tuidther .i. o suidigther aice é re re tri righ cen fuaider air, O'Curry 416b ( H 3.18, 229a ). suidig th'imcaisin ṅgeir ṅglain | súas co leir dona nemdaib raise your eyes, SR 2115 . sudigestár in muince ina inad, LU 1724 . claidbi . . . iarna sliastaib sudigthir, TBC-LL¹ 5687 . ní fólíth nach ro suidigh in toicthi i n-airther . . . in domhain sinn, CCath. 505 . suidigid i m'adnocul-sa he, PH 1520 . nach cend co cendgalar suidigthir do, is [s]lan dudintai huath which is placed against it (a stone), Irish Texts i 10 § 31 . amal do shuidigis titul do gloiri in nim, YBL 153a22 . is ann suigiter an dara cercall is situated, Ir. Astr. Tr. 78.6 . ise Mac Caille do suidhidh caille ar Naomh Brighit who put the veil on St. B., Mart. Don. Apr. 25 . do shuidhigh Dia a fheitheamh ort `God gave thee charge of them', PBocht 10.45 .

(b) seats, arranges in seats : F. . . . | nir shuidigh riamh tech Temrach | gan a minn rig ima cenn, Irish Texts iv 39 § 2 . ro suidiged na sloig iar sin, MR 28.6 . ba hé roshuidigh cāch `arranged each one in his place', Fl. Earls 46.25 . rosuigided in sluag, Ériu v 232.5 .

(c) arranges, disposes (an army): ro suidigit a sloig, MR 140.5 . suidigfet mo sochraide, 178.22 . suidhighther ar sén catha, | ar thaobh tiormfhóid Fhionnmhacha, L. Cl. A. B. 98.149 . Note also: dosuidhighedh . . . in tsealg leó fo fheadhuibh ┐ fo fhāsaigib, Fianaig. 52.9 .

(d) settles: maith do suidhigheadh síol Néill | fa chlár mBanbha, L. Cl. A. B. 101.1 . nír fhágaibh . . . | fód nar shuidhigh dhí (of Ireland), PBocht 10.13 .

II

(a) establishes, founds, sets up, institutes : in timthrecht . . . frissa rusuidiged cech sens `was established', Ml. 23a18 . nech suidigther loc daingen do `to whom is established', 87d15 . rosuidigestar . . . óinchorp di ilballaib has put together, Wb. 12a30 . rosuidigthe na hocht n-airig sūalach . . . fri . . . slānugud na n-ocht n-airech ndūalchae were instituted, ZCP iii 24.30 . ate ind-sin fira ro suidistar Padraic do gleod fer nErend, Laws v 470.y . Of buildings, institutions, etc.: cleithi sūath suidhighthe lais `ein Weisendach wurde durch ihn gesetzt (?)', Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 57 . rosuidig ecailsi . . . isind inut sin, Lat. Lives 30.z . roshuidig [Día] na secht neimhe isin ló cétna, RC xxiv 372.11 . imin clochdroichit suidighus o dourn `which he erected', Laws ii 232.11 Comm . rosuidiged in duma-sa this mound was raised, PH 1576 . do shuidhighadur campa i gCarn tSiadhail, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 22.14 . an saor do shuidhigh gréin ngil, DDána 42.36 .

(b) fixes, assesses, imposes (of laws, fines, etc.): rosuidigestar nó suidigfith dia recht ndo, Ml. 46c20 . air isuide ro suidiged gelfine ┐ derbfine have been fixed, Laws iv 166.24 . landire ro suidiged i comdire la feine fri lu cethra, 200.2 . is for sund ro suidigthi bechbretha la feine, 202.5 . suidigis Cairpre, cét ngal, | cís forru ná fulngetar, Metr. Dinds. iii 442.35 . Note also: ro shuidig in tres cuibrcnd x. cor ba mou e indás cech cúibrend, i n-onoir Ísu Crist, IT i 40.12 . rodosuidighiub-sa dúib sreith seanchusa . . . tellaich Temrach I shall fix for you the progression of the history, etc., Ériu iv 144.6 . amal ro-shuidig diabul tre format bás do dóinib, PH 7071 . tug teacht ríogh . . . | eacht ar síodh nách suidhighthir `resulted in peace-conditions not being arranged (?)' (notes), LBranach 886 . is lasna taisecha sin dosuidhighthe iat du shoeiri no do doire `set free or enslaved', Marco P. 94 .

(c) appoints, sets up (of persons): suidigestar . . . Adomnan deorad etarru A. set a stranger amongst them (as abbot), Mon. Tall. 85 (162.13) . armi hē suidigethar [rīg] for cech tūaeth hi Mumain appoints a king over every t., ZCP viii 315.29 . ro sudiged . . . dorsioir . . . do forcomét cach dorais, LU 2082 ( FA 15 ). ro sudiged . . . fer sainrodach do guin ind arad, 9754 . it e ata uasal airchindech inna spirut n-uasul suidigther fri comus na timthirecht ṅdiada are appointed to, PH 6245 . Note also: ná fuirigh inn i ngioll grása | suidhidh inn ar Íosa (to St. Patrick), Dán Dé xii 10 . suidhidh sinn ar saor nimhe | ná taobh inn re himpidhe, DDána 11.14 .

III Proves, affirms (ar against): an cedrama ar a suideocar fiacha . . . do bed which shall be proved to have debts, Trans. RIA xv 81.18 . suidheóchaidh sinne | ar chathaibh chuain D. | gur chreachsad I shall prove against the battalions of C.D. that they plundered, TD 3.23 . suidheochaidh mé . . . | an gníomh . . . nach dearnais | oruibh, DDána 101.15 . rosuidhigedh . . . sarugad Senan . . . ar an cruadhloingius it was laid to the charge of the cruel fleet, Caithr. CC 46 § 79 .

Part. suidigthe: huare rombu suidigthe ind íc hísin dosom i ndia `was established', Ml. 18d20 . a rrombu suidigthe gl. situs, 48d6 . suidigthe gl. positum, Sg. 4a11 . institutum (.i. possitum .i. sudigthe), Enchir. Aug. 83b ( ZCP vii 484 ). ? hisí mét a suidigthe globus terrae (leg. as s.¤ ?), BCr. 18b9 ( Thes. ii 11 ). amdar suidigthi na bissi ega forsin teinith, Trip.² 131 . claideb . . . for dib sliastaib sudigthi dond-ócláig móir borrfaid fail isin carput ar medon, TBC-LL¹ 1821 . comartha in spiruta náeim do beith suidigthe i n-a chride, PH 7517 . ina sreth-fornib . . . suidigthi sar-laech, MR 222.22 . iar sensgribhnibh suidhighte suadh . . . Erenn proved (?), MS. Mat. 572.27 . tug mar theastas . . . | suidhighte fá scríbhinn a láimhe, Hackett xl 100 . ? As subst.: for suidhich[th]ibh na Roma `inhabitants', CCath. 802 .

Vn. suidiugad.

1 tair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tair or dil.ie/39637
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: thair, thoir

adv. Later thair, thoir.

(a) before, in front, yonder: th.¤ tiar before and behind (?), Fél. Ep. 70 , v.l. (tís túas, text). tú féin is do gilla th.¤ , `und dein Diener davor,' IT iii 484.291 . aithech liath for a lár th.¤ (of a house), LL 207a4 . a dáine maithi út t.¤ , Mer. Uil. 217 . a hurscar th.¤ ac tobar, SG 112.4 . Niall do chur id ríoghraidh thoir, Content. v 120.

(b) in the east, easterly: t.¤ ic taurcbáil na gréni, IT i 129.9 . tiar na t.¤ , SR 7629 . tuc mór slúag fo thalmain t.¤ , Sc.M² 24.z . isna tirib th.¤ , Mon. Tall. 134.1 . d'ēixibh Ērenn thoir is tíar, ZCP viii 109.21 . don taobh thoir don altóir, TSh. 171 . Often ref. to Britain, esp. Scotland: dermatais a bhachaill t.¤ (i.e. in Iona), Lism. L. 1039 . Cinel Lughdach toir 'sa bhus, Todd Nenn. cvii 1 . an tíre thoir England , TD 17.10 . Ref. to Europe and Asia: Ethelium in t-ebra th.¤ , ZCP viii 113 § 5 . ab Rōma i re Irua[i]th th.¤ , 114 § 13 . 'sa teampull toir (i.e. in Jerusalem), v 25 § 7 . do na ríoghaibh ón rann thoir, DDána 17.11 . (cryptic) tinneachair .i. tair, Goid. 78 § 185 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

Compd. do tháeb chláir Thailten tairth[íar] ` far-reaching ' Ériu iv 104 § 53 a (see Wortk. 1 ).

See 2 anair, sair; tairemain, tairen.

1 tre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tre or dil.ie/41608
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tri, tre, tri, tre, tré, trí, -i, thr, thrempi, tria, trie, tríd, tríd, trit, trit, tres, tre, tres, tresin, tresind, tresan, trésan, trisin, trissin, triasin, triasand, triasan, tresa, tressa, tres, trisa, trissa, triasa, tresna, trésna, trisna, triasna, trium, tríom, triut, triut, trit-su, treot, treót, thréodsa, thriodsa, tríod, triit, tríit, tríit, triitt, trit, tríd, th-, thrít, thríd, tree, trée, treæ, trea, tre(i)the, -i, trithe, trithi, tríthe, th—, thríthi, thríthe, triunni, tríonn, trín-ne, th-, thrínn, thrín, triib, triuib, tribh, treu, tréu, treo, tréu, tréo, treothu, treotho, treotha, tretho, tretha, trithu, tritha, tríotha, thríotha, trithibh, treamhum, tréamham, treamham, tremut, tromud, tromhat, tre(i)m(h)it, -d, treimheit, treimhid, trempi, troimpi, thrempi, trempu, treampa, treampa, treompo, trompa, triomhtha, tríom, tromham, treamham, tríod, tríot, tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat, tríd, troimhe, treimhe, tríotha, trithe, troimpe, treimpe, troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit, trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn, tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh, tríotha, trompa, treampa, trem, trim, triam, trit, triat, tret, tred, trét, tria, tría, triánn, trea, tr, thre, tré, triana, trena, trina, tréna, treimhid, trīd, triar, trear, tre, trénar, tri, tri, tre, tre, tre, trialaile, trinaroile, trenaroili, trít, tremi-, tris-, tre-

prep. with acc. (later also with dat. Cf. tri suidib, Ml. 56b15 ), leniting (see GOI § 856 ). Apart from Ml, tre is the commoner form in the O. Ir. Glosses. tri, however, is frequent in Wb, and is the usual form in Ml (tre, Ml. 16a25 , 96a6 ). It is also found (much less commonly than tre) in Sg. (27a2 , 188a8 , 189b2 , 195b1 , 197b4 , 201b3 , 213b8 ). tré is written with length-mark at Sg. 159a1 , and frequently in the later language. trí (with length-mark) occurs at Wb. 12c34 , Tur. 103 , Acr. 11c5 , Ml. 2d5 , 14c16 , 22b1 , 30a9 , etc. The form in -i is infrequent after the Old Irish period ( tri, Sc.M² 5 , Rosa Angl. 196.23 , ZCP vi 63.12 , 70.8 ). With lenition of t- thr, LU 10606 (cf. thrempi, PH 268 , and the Mod. Ir. forms with pron. suff. infra). The form tria is fairly common in all periods outside the O. Ir. Glosses: Thes. ii 300.9 , 331.4 , Hib. Min. 244 , Laws ii 374.12 , Mon. Tall. 154.4 , IT i 19.37 , PH 7431 , BDD² 1295 , Maund. 57 , and is the usual form in SR (168 , 1926 , 3128 ). trie, IT i 267.24 . The form with pron. suff. 3 s. tríd is used as simple prep. in Mod. Ir.: tríd fhear, IGT Introd. 19.5 , trit stól, 23 K 42, 404.19 , trit na scelaib-sin, ZCP vi 72.21 , most usually with article and possessives, see infra. Note also tres gach, DDána 66.1 ; cf. tre gach bhfear .l., tres gach bhfear .c., Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.6 .

With art.: sing. m. and f. tresin, Wb. 20d13 , 30a13 , Sg. 59b18 , 138a1 , 161b1 , 188a26 , 201a2 , BCr. 32a8 , 34c2 , TBFr. 238 , PH 8086 . tresind, Mon. Tall. 141.z . tresan, TBC-LL¹ p. 837 n. 5 , IGT Decl. ex. 1121 . trésan, TSh. 190 , Ó Héodhusa 46.1. trisin, Wb. 5b20 , 10b19 , 12d20 , Tur. 43 , 48 , 55 , 68 , Sg. 209b31 , Ml. 19b11 , 29b8 , 33d13 , 37a22 , etc. trissin, Wb. 12d39 . triasin, SR 7580 , Sc.M² 22.6 , PH 5137 . triasand láim, BDD² 1511 . triasan, ZCP viii 114 § 14 . neut. tresa, Sg. 32a8 , 197b2 . tressa, Wb. 32c20 , tresṅgné `by the species,' Sg. 73b1 . trisa, Wb. 13a10 , Ml. 20a6 , 30d19 , 37b7 . trissa, Wb. 4d33 , Ml. 15a13 , 37d16 , 42c23 , 54c15 , etc. triasa, BDD² 1435.

Note also trit an firt, BColm. 88.2 . tríd an sgéal, Dán Dé xxviii 31 . trit an talmain, Maund. 8.

Plur. tresna, Hib. Min. 445 , PH 4164 , Feis Tighe Chonáin 779 . trésna, Fél. Prol. 44 , TSh. 601 . trisna, Wb. 4a6 , Tur. 65 , Ml. 25b7 , 36c19 , 38d18 , etc. triasna, PH 4657 , BColm. 106.2 .

With pron. suff. 1 s. trium, Wb. 23b30 . tríom, DDána 3.16 . 2 s. triut, Ml. 44c11 , 88a16 , 17 , Sc.M² 9 (tréot, v.l.), Fél. Ep. 438 , IT i 70.14 , Ériu iii 137.55 . triut, LU 3255 . trit-su, PH 2664 . treot, RC xxvii 276.3 . treót, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). thréodsa .i. thriodsa , O'Cl. tríod, TD 14.20 , DDána 110.47 . 3 s. m. and n. triit, Wb. 1d4 , 2b15 , 8d11 , Ml. 51b10 , Sg. 73b7 , 76b7 , Críth G. 549 , SR 172 , IT i 76.6 . tríit, Ml. 51d1 , Sg. 43a3 , 148b7 . tríit, TBC-LL¹ 1184 . triitt, BColm. 66.12 . trit, Wb. 27c2 , Mon. Tall. 156.10 , PH 7792 , Laws i 44.1 Comm. , Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tríd, DDána 32.35 , Content. vii 15 , TSh. 9831 . With lenited th-: thrít, TBC-LL¹ 3264 . thríd, Ériu ix 165 § 25 , TSh. 10785 . 3 s. f. tree, Wb. 2c4 , 5c17 . trée, Sg. 25b14 . treæ, Ml. 88b15 . trea (trethe, v.l.), BDD² 1231 . tre(i)the, -i, Sc.M² 1 , ZCP viii 104.18 , TBC-LL¹ 1946 , Laws i 144.2 Comm. , 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), tréthi, PH 2385 . trithe, Fél.² lxxvii 29 , Maund. 80 . trithi, Stair Erc. 2493 . tríthe, TBC-LL¹ p. 651 n. 5 , DDána 54.28 . TD 10.25 (condemned in IGT, see citation below). With lenited th—: thríthi, TD 13.8 . thríthe, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . 1 pl. triunni, Wb. 14c16 , Ml. 129d20 . tríonn, Dán Dé x 9 , DDána 40.17 . trín-ne, 40.28 . With lenited th-: thrínn, Dán Dé xxvii 32 . thrín, Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . 2 pl. triib, Wb. 3b22 . triuib, TTr.² 1766 . tribh, DDána 30.15 , TD 14.37 . 3 pl. treu, Wb. 28c18 , 30c13 , Ml. 42b13 , 42c11 . tréu, 42d2 . treo, Sg. 4b4 , 138a4 , Críth G. 540 , BDD² 1278 (treu, tréu, v.ll.). tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . treothu, SR 327 , 4311 , PH 1216 . treotho, AU i 578.7 . treotha, Laws i 44.10 Comm. tretho, iii 362.22 . tretha, Ériu xii 190.y . trithu, PH 4637 , MR 194.15 . tritha, Marco P. 145 . tríotha, TSh. 8342 . thríotha, A IV 3, 771.x . trithibh, BNnÉ 324.6 .

In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with infixed -m-, and -o- instead of -e- (infl. of ré n-): 1 s. treamhum, DDána 39.23 . tréamham (: dhéanamh), Ó Bruad. iii 22.5 . treamham .i. thriom, O'Cl. 2 s. tremut, PH 2424 . tromud, YBL 149b7 . tromhat, SG 69.34 . 3 s. m. tre(i)m(h)it, -d, PH 2645 , BColm. 78.23 , Laws v 172.z Comm. , DDána 101.8 (: dtig), AFM iii 128.x , CCath. 3944 . treimheit (: dheit), Content. ix 7 . treimhid .i. trid, O'Cl. 3 s. f. trempi, TTebe 3287 , MR 202.1 . troimpi, IGT Decl. ex. 1124 (treimpi, v.l.). With lenition thrempi, PH 268 . 3 pl. trempu, PH 8155 . treampa, Hugh Roe 94.18 . treampa .i. triotha, O'Cl. treompo, TTebe 1909 . trompa, 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), Leb. Gab.(i) 104.16 , Lism. L. 4609 . triomhtha, Ó Bruad. ii 190.10 .

The following forms are given for syllabic verse in Bard. Synt. Tr. 7.21 : tríom, tromham, treamham; tríod, tríot tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat; tríd, troimhe, treimhe; tríotha, l. a ghearradh, trithe, l. a shíneadh, troimpe, treimpe; troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit ...; trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn; tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh; tríotha, trompa, treampa.

With poss. adj.: 1 s. trem, Wb. 17b33 , 23b23 , 30a25 , TBC-LL¹ 3132 , TD 39.2 . trim, Ml. 44b29 , 89a2 , 127a3 . triam, RC vi 176.59 . 2 s. trit, Ml. 62d4 , 87a9 . triat, SR 1484 , 1727 , TBC-I¹ 2811 . tret, Sc.M² 11 (triat, v.l.), DDána 101.8 . tred, TBC-LL¹ p. 617 n. 10 , DDána 56.9 . trét, PH 2599 . 3 s. and pl. tria, Wb. 1b5 , Ml. 37b23 , Sg. 211b5 , Críth G. 214 ; f. Wb. 10a3 ; pl. Wb. 8a14 , Ml. 28d15 , Sg. 3a11 . tría, Ml. 30c5 . triánn drochgnímu, 84c14 . trea, Wb. 29d29 , 33c7 , Hib. Min. 214 ; f. TBFr. 234 (treda, MS.); pl. Wb. 19a12 , 29a7 , Fél. Jan. 4 (tria, v.l.). tr, TTebe 1017 . thre, Ériu i 28.193 . tré a, TSh. 472 . triana, SR 5201 , BDD² 1164 ; f. IT i 125.24 . trena, LU 3292 ; f. DDána 16.6 ; pl. PH. 7056 . trina, Maund. 44 ; pl. TBC-LL¹ 3616 . tréna, TSh. 8343 ; f. Dán Dé xxv 49 ; pl. Studies 1924, 242 § 11 . treimhid a tromaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n. 2 . trīd a (sic MS.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 , O'Cl. s.v. tré. 1 pl. triar , Ml. 83c11 , 100d14 . trear, Wb. 26a27 . tre ar, DDána 10.5 . trénar, Dán Dé xxv 18 . 2 pl. tri bar, Wb. 9d24 . tri far, Ml. 115b8 . tre bar, Wb. 14c17 , 27a1 . tre far, 23d16 . tre bhar, DDána 95.22 .

With aile: trialaile, Wb. 10a4 . trinaroile, Stair Erc. 2156 . trenaroili, 809 .

With rel.: trisa mbí, Wb. 3d21 . trissa nétatsat, Ml. 57a3 . trisnansoirthae, 124a8 . trisá netar, 126b19 . trisin-damrobae, 126d11 . tresa mbí, Wb. 23b5 . tresindippiat, tresindabia, 25d8 . tressa naithnuigther, Thes. ii 253.12 . tresambed, Mon. Tall. 164.7 . tres-in iumfhoilngither, PH 6250 . trias-a roichet, 5904 . triasradībdad, Cáin Ad. 21 . tríasa n-agailledar, RC xiii 269.13 . tre' tig, PH 7792 . tré dtuillmid, Donlevy 152.12 . tre a bhfuil, DDána 107.6 . tre ar fhás, 10.17 . tré nach faghar, Content. xvi 85 . trina tic, ZCP vi 272 § 11 . trinar marbh se, 279.2 . tríd nar bh'oircheas, DDána 46.1 . thríd nach fuighinn, 25a.4 . tremit ar harced, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

I In local senses.

(a) through . Of countries, territories, etc.: dia luid duaid ... tri glenn iosofád, Ml. 58c4 . rethid ... tré airechtu athluma, | tre buidnib ban ..., | tre cholltib, tre chathracha (of the writer's thoughts), Ériu iii 14 § 3 . do hionnarbadh inn | tre Chlár ... bhFéilim, TD 15.9 . along roads, across bridges, fords, etc.: trisna cemmen i nandais beus gl. hii psalmi graduum dicuntur qua in ascensu Templi canebantur per ea interualla ... `through the steps on which they continued to halt,' Ml. 133b4 . trisna foirthiu ailitherdi gl. peregrina per marmora `through the foreign fords (?),' Tur. 65 . ni bhaoi conair ... act trésan droichet, Hugh Roe 94.18 . triall ... tré bhealach bhriste na cána, TSh. 2589 . Of apertures, doors, etc.: ol in spiurt noib tri giun in fatho, Ml. 74d13 . do aircechain tria ginu na fer fireon, Laws i 16.6 . cethri drolaim ... | asind airc ... | dá drol treothu, SR 4311 . bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar ṁbrúar, BDD² 1295 . tria tholl na comla, ACL iii 308 vi 20 . nos tairnged tria ladraib a choss, TBC-LL¹ 1408 . trit in dorus sin, ZCP vi 284.32 . through the midst of a crowd of people, army, etc.: acht mad treo docoí `except he have gone through them (the enemy)' (note), Críth G. 540 . culu tria neit ... .i. amal teit carpat ... tria chath, ACC 2 . dolen Sir Heront trit in cath e, ZCP vi 69.22 . dol trempa gan airisiumh, AFM vi 2162.x . Of buildings: cóic shéoit i ndul tria thech tria lías, Críth G. 214 . ragaid ... tria choimtig inn rígthaigi (a sword), BDD² 1248 . secht sligeda trethe (of a bruden), Sc.M² 1 . Of garments, shields, etc.: co tregda in fer tria scíath, Críth G. 555 . atconnairc Cu Chulaind ... a gualaind tresin cochull, LU 3788 . ro gonadhsan cach tairsí ┐ treithi ┐ séici (bricht comga), TBC-LL¹ p. 359 n. 7 . Of the body or parts of the body: ? rog[lan]ad són tria deis gl. arcton [dextra tenet] (simile of the four parts of the Cross and the four cardinal points), Tur. 142 . bróenán fola ... | tria thóebán, Fél. Ep. 352 . triam taebh, RC vi 176.59 . triana chend, TBC-LL¹ 1268 . budh iomdha ... tre chneas ... | soighead, TD 16.66 . Of a surface, skin, the earth etc.: cach luib tricc ticc tria thalmain, SR 1926 . nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig | nach creid ... dhuid `there is no verdure on the rock but trusts ...,' Dán Dé xxix 26 . Cf. co faisctis a drucht ┐ a uanfadh tremit so that its dew and foam were squeezed from it (of the moon), CCath. 3944.

Various: anadchither tri themel, Wb. 12c12 . ni forcmat óin chomsuidigud trea nuili aimsera `through all their tenses,' Sg. 157b9 . arbeittet bairtni bindi | tri laith linni ainm nAeda `melodious bardisms modulate through pools of liquor the name of Aed,' Thes. ii 295.17 . condelgdar tresna thri grad `it is compared through the three degrees,' Hib. Min. 445 . atracht iarom trena chotlud, LU 3292 , `he arose then out of his sleep,' SCC² 82 . ionmhuin taidhbhse táinig sonn | aréir trem chodladh chugom, TD 39.2 . íar ndul triit after it has leaked (of a cauldron), Críth G. 549 . comhradh leanb ar luaidheadh thrín `all that we uttered was childish talk' (lit. all that was mentioned among us), Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . re dul thríd in going through it (a book), Donlevy iv 11.

(b) Implying mixture, mingling, etc.: imchomarc co naithisib triit `a question with revilings through it,' Ml. 54c13 . snechta tria shín lūades gáeth `through a snowstorm,' Thes. ii 331.4 . fuair Dia ... | domblas aoi tre fhíon arsuidh, Aithd. D. 98.30 . fuaim a sruth ... | tre ghuth ainglidhe a healtan, TD 13.5 . an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna chéile, TSh. 174 . In phrases corresponding to the Mod. Ir. tré theine on fire: atā trē doiger derg-lasrach donn-ruaide (of a burning wood), ML² 958 . cáer theinntidhe dfaicsin tre lasadh ó mhullach an tighe, ITS xvi 8.28 . fuair a réghlés féin tré choirthir smáil teineadh ┐ tennáil, Ériu v 76.24 .

(c) Personal forms ref. to object of verbs of cutting : co treghdfad in tsleg trithi hī (a pig), Fianaig. 66.12 . gur comraind in imdaig ... trempi co talmain and cut clean through the couch, MR 202.1 . roscris in t-eideth ara druim ┐ rogerr in dilat aluind oraighi trithi cut through the saddle, ZCP vi 70.28 .

(d) 3 s. trít in adverbial phrases. t.¤ sís, anuas, siar throughout: ┐ a n-illradh tríd sís, IGT Decl. § 42.11 . greagh, cert lethan tríd sís as .c. aige, § 45. inann ghabaid [uile] tríd anúas (of nouns declined in same way), § 37 . a lán féinneadh feadh an tighe, | tríd siar `all through the house,' TD 11.17 . t.¤ amach absolutely, completely: aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach `absolute fulness,' Rosa Angl. 40.3 . Note also : ni triit tarsnu toimsideir not diametrically is it measured (the earth), SR 172.

(e) téit tre lit. goes through (of an attack, battle-charge): rachthair thairsiu is tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . docuatarsom foithib ┐ tríthu ┐ tarrsa, D IV 2, 45ra44 . is trithu nach tiaghar, MR 194.15 . violates, breaks (an oath): arna te nech tria lugae, Ml. 36a23 . dul tria aitiri, Críth G. 306 . Cf. nach ccuirfeadh féin ... trīd a mhionnuibh é (sic leg.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 . ? cid fín bárc do-téised treut (treu, treothu, v.ll.), BDD² 740 (see note).

II In temporal senses.

(a) tri rei ciana `for long times,' Ml. 90d14 . condib tria nuile ṁbethaid ón dano ┐ nib cuit ree `that it should be so through their whole life,' Tur. 71 . do toscelad áiss aescai ... tri bliadni incholnigtheo `through the years of the Incarnation,' Thes. ii 41.24 . isintt urtt chetna biae tre cach oena `(thou) shalt continue under the same rule through each fast,' Mon. Tall. 154.3 . tres-in sechtmain-sea throughout this week, PH 461.

(b) In adverbial phrase tre bithu, tre bith sír, etc., for ever, everlastingly: tre bithu, Fél. Mar. 31 . do gress doib, ... tria bithu coa airfitiud, SR 684 . tria bitho, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 52 . tria bitha sír, ZCP viii 108.17 . tre bhiotha síor, TD 15.18 . tria bith sir, PH 1938 . tre bhioth síor, TD 13.39 . tria bithu betha, TBC-LL¹ 2704 . tre saeghul na saegal, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . tré shaoghal na saoghal in saecula saeculorum, TSh. 2052.

III Indicating the medium or attendant circumstances of a communication, action, etc. (in many of the follg. exx. the meaning approximates to that in tre IV infra).

(a) tri insci redi ... duadbat som ... `through speech ...,' Ml. 51c11 . dufornditer ... a ngnimae inna rig sin tri delba ban, 65c16 . tri throp ` figuratively ,' 65b14 . in moltai dogniín se tri bindius ┐ chlais, 136a8 . rosluinter ... tre rangabáil in persan hisin, Sg. 189b2 . doasilbthaer triit som gníim ... do neuch (of the word sui), 209a1 . in tre prois ... roceta int[ṡ]ailim, Hib. Min. 175 . titul do scribend ... tria litrib Ébra , PH 2877 . cennsa ... ┐ 'áilgeni tuicther tres-in snechta is understood by, 3386 . cōic anmand dēc tre blaid mbinn | fil d'anmanaib for Bōïnn, ZCP viii 106.1 . tuic let ... na Tiabanda taetencha i sidh in[a] cathrachaib ... trésna helaib understand by the swans ... the Thebans, TTebe 1233 . coic cetfada ... rotidhnaicedh o Dhia don cinedh doenna ... d'fegad De trompa, Lism. L. 4609 . nolabraidis na ceithri tre glor ndaenda with a human voice, CCath. 886 . adbeart ... trē bhogāssaigh urlapra ┐ trē dhānacht glōir ... go raghadh, Fl. Earls 50.3 . Note also: ata dedi ara scribhtar in tituil tria derg in red ink, Hib. Min. 241.

(b) Introducing the particular language of a communication: trí ilbélre gl. linguis loquens, Wb. 12c34 . co n-epistlib immdaib ... tria Goedeilg, IT i 19.37 . berla na filed, triasa n-agailledar cach dib a chele, RC xiii 269.13 . bennaighes tre n-a thengaid fein doib-sen, KMMisc. 317.12 .

(c) With abstract noun indicating the attendant circumstances of an action: isber Mói[d]ógc tria ocla móir `in great wrath,' BColm. 74.7 . do sloind tre medhair mhileis `told with sweet gladness,' Ériu iv 116.16 . roboi cinniud tria chombáig `a comrades' covènant,' RC iii 183.7 . adeirid cách liom tré rún | go bhfuil ..., TD 22.20 . "cuin do bhí againn t'éara" | cantar uainn tré aithmhéala, DDána 29.25 . do gluais fein tre mire ┐ tre mormenmain ... roime in anger and haughtiness, L. Chl. S. 4.1 . Cf. adeirim ris an saoghal cromadh trésan déirc to resort to almsgiving, TSh. 190.

(d) Introducing the authorisation of an action, the person or thing invoked, etc.: is tri ísu predchimse, Wb. 1d9 . guidmit-ne ... tu-sa ... tré-t miadamla, PH 2599 . soghuidhe an rí tres an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . do bheannaigh[ea]dur damh tresna déibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 779.

IV Instrumental and causal. These two meanings merge into each other, and in O. Ir. particularly many exx. will bear either interpretation (cf. Fraser, ZCP viii 61 f. ).

(a) Instrum. through, by means of: condagaibtis int ais amprom tria nintleda `through their snares,' Ml. 31c6 . adchotadsam triar saithar, 92c5 . amal is trí accomol nildule conterissedar in domon sic imfolangar oínmolad do dia tri chocetal inna nule ṅdule, 145c4 . á híc tria fuil, Wb. 2b11 . ce rudglanta tri bathis, 4a6 . in tan dombeir in dea aithesc tre chomthoud talmaidech, Sg. 162a4 . tre airde ┐ firto, Thes. ii 253.4 . is tre trocuiri ... dotaegar hi cresiniu, Hib. Min. 356 . ro promtha tré martrai, Fél. June 27 . donrat fri saeth tria aslach, SR 1342 . niba hicc deitsiu tre Findio `thou shalt get no cure through Findio,' Mon. Tall. 154.15 . do sarughadh tria firta ┐ mirbaile `overcome by the great signs and miracles,' Laws i 14.19 . tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe (of a pig), Sc.M² 5 . cia ... nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa trias-na mírbulib-sea, PH 4657 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird | ... | triasa fa[g] badais crodh cain `whereby they won goodly treasure,' Ériu iv 174 § 9 . co findud slondud trit beos `he discovers the name by this means,' Laws i 44.1 Comm. braighde Ēirenn ... | gabhais tre rīghe is tre nert, ZCP viii 108.22 . foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi ... E. do bith i sith B.L., IT i 129.22 . do fhionnfuinn thríd do threisi `I should learn thy strength by it,' Ériu ix 165 § 25 . dá raibhe ní sa mheasa ... dheallruigheas tréna ghné specie sui, TSh. 8343 . Cf. rohicait a crecha ris dona buaib tremi⃛ ar harced he in the matter of which he had been plundered, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

(b) Causal on account of, by reason of (frequent with follg. vn.): combad mou de la dia a serc tri epert dosom adruthreb side indib, Ml. 92c4 . amal dundechutar doinmecha dunni triar pecthu, 111c14 . is tria hiris rambái cach maith, Wb. 2c13 . is hed dotheít de tre ilar na ndáne i nilur na persan `through the multitude of the gifts in the multitude of the persons,' 22a11 . tre thesbaid naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5a5 . cid tre étged rop othar, Críth G. 61 . tré chin drochmna, IT i 75.6 . co n-éigit na haingil co sérb ... tria mar dho-míllset na dáine in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu, PH 7431 . tresna ceōlaib sein ar sein | do creit Grigair in Comdid, ZCP viii 114.18 . is treothu na mortlaidi (faults of a prince), ACL iii 315 § 36 . do chogadh tre chloinn nUisnigh `to avenge,' Aithd. D. 6.31 . tre bheith do shluagh flatha Fáil | re luadh gcatha, TD 4.37 . is glór tré dhlús dighe soin `they (i.e. words) are inspired by hard drinking,' Content. xxv 4 . ba cara do-sam cech oen dib trena athair ┐ tremit fein on his father's account and on his own, Ann. Conn. 1225.6 . adubairt go crochfadh a muinntir uili tre bas in dithrebaig, Maund. 128 . is í cúis uma dtáinig Partholón ... tré mar do mharbh sé a athair `because he had slain his father,' Keat. i 160.74 . na sagairt ghlacas leagáid ... tre ghuidhe orra in return for, on condition of , TSh. 4513 . tángadar teachta ó rígh Laighean ... do thairgsin séad ┐ maoine dhóibh ... ó Laighnibh tré thilleadh don Mhumain tar a n-ais `if they returned,' Keat. iii 3146 . In phrase trít sin therefore: as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC xviii 268.24 . tríd sin, Keat. ii 654 . treimit sin, Fen. 302.15 . tremit-side, Ann. Conn. 1284.2 . do-icc tre is brought about by, is due to: is triuib tháníc cech n-olc, TTr.² 1766 . na huilc-si do thecht trit, PH 7792 . nó go ndéanann mo chlí cionnta | ní fhéaghann sí a dtiocfa tríd, Dán Dé x 5 . is tromhat táinic lot ... mu ríghisea, SG 69.34 .

In compds. tremi-, tris- with vbs., tre- with nouns and adjj. (often as intensive prefix), see separate articles.

1 úais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úais or dil.ie/42660

 

Forms: úas, uais, os, uai

adj (earlier ós, úas? cf. n p m. uais, SR 7853 ; n p n. os, Bürgschaft § 72 = uai, Triads 220 ) noble : úais .i. uasal `noble'; úais inghean .i. inghean uasal `a noble maiden,' O'Cl. Of persons: in pápa uais I., Gorm. Jan. 10 . Ypolit uais (glossed by uasal), Jan. 30 . Coríntha uais ergna, Feb. 8 . in spirat uais ḟagdeim, May 15 . Carpofair uais, Dec. 10 . mo Conoc uais uamach, Dec. 19 . Ri doraega, ..., | Iacob húais sech a bráthair, SR 3074 . Ri rochar ..., | Andreas uais is Iacob, 7586 . Ná sáraig Ionathán uais, 6021 . si[u] dognetis aiṅgil uais, 7853 . [S]enan saer (.i. saer uais), LB 241a17 (= ZCP iii 222 ). a Chiarain uais, Lism. L. 4208 . fuil Bhíocuint uais Fhear Muighe, Ó Bruad. iii 208.21 .

Of places: Ailech F. ... | ..., úais a lí, Metr. Dinds. iv 96.62 . tráigh Eibhir uais, ML 40.13 . tar Eirinn uais, 40.10 .

Of things: isse sin in t-ethier huais the noble Ether SR 117 . én uais co n-aīb ḟorórda (of an ornament), 4280 . intī no innisfed cach nī rohuais, nó cach ní ṅdermar, RC xx 258.24 (Amra CC.). in t-ebra ūais, ZCP viii 113.26 . ūais cac[h]a berla dibh, BB 300a35 . ier bfiordliged fothu an gotha uais, Auraic. 2648 . beoil i mbī sēis aifrinn ūais, ACL iii 308 § 33 . do thochmarc úais Étaíne, Metr. Dinds. iii 354.82 . diciallathar airibh airme ochtaib uaisi, O'Dav. 750 . (Cf. Ériu xiii 42.30 ). flannchath F. ba húais, CS 40.16 . ba húais a méit (of Fergus Mac R.), Ériu iv 26.7 . orba uais co n-imarde `a proud and eminent heritage,' Metr. Dinds. ii 80.18 .

Freq. in etymological glosses: fo thoir uais .i. ... fo uaisle (othras), Corm. Y 1035 . bunad u.¤ (bunadas), Anecd. v 23 n. 23 . in munud u.¤ (osmenta), LL 187c36 .

pn As a nickname: Colla Uais .i. Cairill .i. ar a úaisle, Cóir Anm. 142 .

Superl.: tredarc ard uaissem sluaig, Rawl., 116a43 .

Compd.: uaisfhear (.i. uasal) den ḟóir fa hionmhuin, Gadelica 103.8 .

Adv. with co: dan mac osmenta .i. iar na múnud damsa co úais, LL 187c34 (etym. gl.). sāeraid co hūais in bēlra aidhbind, Anecd. v 22 n. 5 . tecait co húais, ... | secht srotha, ... | dorís isin topur, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.37 .

As subst. : on do uais `loan to a noble' Laws v 370.5 . canfait uais is augtair, Manners and Customs ii 280 n. ( RC xliv 162.1 ). mad briugad ┐ file, is eneclann cechtar de doberar do, in baile i n-abair : ni talla da n-uais a n-aen colainn, O'Curry 2105 (< H 4.22, 77a ). ni talla da n-uais ┐ rl. .i. nocho talla da ni is innsa, no is andsa don aen sin .i. coirpdire ┐ eneclann, O'Curry 2104 (ib.) (i.e. `the privileges of two persons of distinction cannot be combined in one man,' Plummer, MS. notes. The word is here subst. neut. du. and seems to belong to 2 úais, q.v.).