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abras

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abras or dil.ie/85

 

n o, m. abhras `cóir' (obhras `lochtach') m., IGT Decl. § 11 .

(a) gesture, action: int a.¤ dungní in corp do dia gl. confessio, Ml. 138a4 . huand abrussa .i. clointa cinn són gl. hoc gestu, 127c22 . a.¤ ┐ abairt dogní int ócláech, TBFr. 49 . abhras ┐ abhairt inann iad séic .i. cleasa ainisa, O'Curry 1310 (H 3.18, 604). ba hé a.¤ ind fir teinm cnó, RC xxv 346 § 3 . ? ro raidhsiom huaghnabras, Gael. 50, 131 ( Blathm. 474 ).

(b) handiwork, yarn-spinning: a.¤ . . . mad fige . . . mad a.¤ (adbrus, aprus, v.l.) etir dí láim, Ériu ii 206 § 27 . ná derntar isin domnach . . . fuine ná maistred ná abrus `yarn-weaving', 202 § 17 . táithe abrais (obrais, abhraisi, v.ll.) (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.36 . Hence yarn, thread, material: a.¤ .i. lamt[h]orad inailte, Corm. Y 90 . Cf. abrass ebraice .i. abra-ḟes (abarḟes, MS). Abra .i. inailt . . . arindī foglennat feis lāmtoruid, O'Mulc. 5.6 . itir abrus ┐ etach, Laws ii 372. z Comm. im cloidem corthaire im abrus, i 150.7 . ro ḟig in n-a.¤ cen ḟell, LL 16470 ( RC xlvii 290.1 .) tar cend abrais, ZCP x 51.25 . a n-eiri ón echtrasin Fhailghech / ar echlachuibh d'adhbras `horseboys laden with yarn', Studies 1920, 417.43 .

Cf. abairse.

afost

Cite this: eDIL s.v. afost or dil.ie/664

 

n (Hebr. Ûphâz, O'Mulc. 9 note) gold: aebthae ebraice .i. ofaz aurum purum , O'Mulc. 9 . ni sain iris is afast, H 3.18, 768.12 . go mac Donncha an fhuilt mar a.¤ , Ó Bruad. iii 202.3 . barr fraechmin d'a.¤ / ar laechraid luchra, SG 241.24 .

1 bás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bás or dil.ie/5444

 

Forms: bása, báis, bh., -guin

o, n. later m. ? vn. of baïd, see GOI § 728 ; Wortk. 182. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96 , g s. bása proscribed form, see exx. 758 , 1717 . death: bās ebraice (rectius ba's arabice, ed.), tribulatio uel angustiae uel mors latine , O'Mulc. 129. bidba . . . .i. bis mortis .i. fer adroilli a bās fo di bidba sin, 147 . b.¤ gl. letum, Sg. 173a9 . báas péne no quando caro moritur , Wb. 4a11 . ni áirmithi ar aithis a mb.¤ n-isin `that death', 15d12 . as comacus a mb.¤ `that death is near', Ml. 64a2 . b.¤ ṅAróin, Fél. July 1 . táircet báas dúib, Wb. 3b8 . immefolṅget b.¤ , 13c4 . ba bibdu báis leusom intí nád imdibthe `was guilty of death', 1d15 . co llaa a mbáis, 5b4 . i llau baíss, 29c2 . batir inricci du báas, 5c14 . a b.¤ i mbethith, 13d17 . ni fiu leu b.¤ n-aill du techt forru `that another death should come upon them', Ml. 139c3 . ní dergenat mú b.¤ gl. extinctionis, 80a9 . ecal ar b.¤ `afraid of death', 109d1 . tri bas, 16d2 . frescisiu (sic leg. edd.) in báis, 69b3 . cid fri geld bais no beth `at the point of death', Mon. Tall. 145.4 . diambe hi fiadnaisi ind bais istig `present . . . at the death', 153.9 . a bbas peccaid `from death of sin', Thes. ii 351.17 . di bliadin re mbas dáu `two years before his death', 238.18 . is amlaid tregdas rinn na fergai in anmain co n-imfolngai bās do suidiu, ZCP iii 26.28 , mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5019. is missi conairgeba b.¤ ┐ éc ┐ aided forro, TBC-LL¹ 4271. o básaib na n[d]óine necraibdech, RC ii 388 § 13. a bas no a hinnarbu that he should be put to death, SR 3732. rith for b.¤ a course toward death, 1666 . o chéin fo garbchacht báis brón, 2227. ronlín bochta, ronbás bath (? = ron bath b.¤ death has slain us), 4059 . ro gabh galar a báis eissiumh `his death-illness', RC xxv 398 § 16. ba cuma liom b.¤ no ég, IT ii 2.116.4 . roichfidh an b.¤ céadna gach aon, TSh. 13. cuireadh chum baiss e `he was executed', Celtica i 245.16 .

In various phrases: gell do b.¤ pledge, security for redemption from death (?), see gell. Note also: forgo set as tualing gill de fri bas do sannad, Laws v 436.24 . b.¤ fri adart lit. death against a pillow i.e., natural death: iss é aen dochúaidh b.¤ fri hadhart díbh é, Cóir Anm. 64. b.¤ do rinn death by the sword: fuair b.¤ do rinn, BNnÉ 226 § 126 . b.¤ do rinn na féile fuair `the sharp point of his own generosity which slew him', Magauran 1174 . b.¤ di thairr death in childbirth: bās mnā fothlai no forcuir no fuataig di thairr, ZCP xv 350 § 39 , cf. Laws v 486.9 , 488.1 Comm. In expression fót báis (specific, sometimes destined) place of death (see M. Carney, Arv (Journal of Scandinavian Folklore, Uppsala) xiii (1957) 173): ar a fhod bais, ZCP x 32.8 . go fód a bháis do bhiadh sin / ag triall ar áis no ar éigin, Book of O'Conor Don, 230b.

With prepp. íar fácbáil a thigernai lia a námtiu i mb.¤ dead at the hands of his enemies, BDD² 1524. D. . . . a mb.¤ ona braithrib fein `died by his own brothers', RC xvii 388.11 (Tig.). fri re ciana i mbas, Fen. 176.17 . ┐ e 'sa mbas while he was dying, BCC 414.3 . foracbad iarom A. . . . fri b.¤ `then A. was left . . . dying', Ériu xii 166.2 . turbuid . . . lega do neoch biss fri bas, Laws i 266.z .

Attrib. g s.: ind ibair báis neimnich `the deadly poisonous yews', Sg. 33b11 . do ceitri beimennaibh brigmura bais `mortal blows', ZCP vi 46.9 . galar bāis a mortal illness, TFrag. 14.1 . pairithis bháis, ZCP v 229.10 ( Midnight court 950 ). In expression mac báis, oppd. to mac bethad, see macc). As accus. (but perh. in Trip.² 444 below with dat.) of vbs. téit, fo-gaib dies: tiagait báas n-anapaig, Wb. 11d12 . a mb.¤ tiagmeni, 15b28 . irlaim do dul baís cach dia gl. morientes, 16a3 . a techt bas (sic) ind, Trip.² 444. o ro gab gaisced co ndeochaid b.¤ , LU 9044 ( FB 79 ). in bas dochoid in cetri, Rawl. 163a29 . is bec na dechaid dianbas (: ssás) she almost died a sudden death, SR 1720. b.¤ sochraid do thecht dó `to die an honourable death' (Gloss.), PH 6544. scolóc . . . o muintir fen fuair bas, RC xvii 375.27 (Tig.). ba derb lais conid bas foruair Sir L., x 186.32 . do horduigheadh dona daoinibh aon-uair amháin b.¤ d'fhagháil (= statutum est hominibus semel mori), TSh. 2. fuair F. / b.¤ ann, DDána 64.18 . Note also: dá ndeach le b.¤ mbeannaighthe (a mb.¤ bh., v.l.) `if he depart by a blessed death', Studies 1918, 282 § 16 .

Compds. ¤chaín having a gentle death: Cairpri B. .i. b.¤ caín fuaír `a gentle death', Cóir Anm. 64. ¤étach grave-clothes: ceanguilte ris an bháiséadach, John xi 44 (ed. 1828, earlier edd. have ris a nais-). -guin act of wounding fatally; deadly wound: iongnadh leo, 's gan a mbás-ghoin, BNnÉ 153.27 . a mmír ṁbastidbarthae ` death-bringing ', Ml. 76a16 .

1 bé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bé or dil.ie/5502
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Bée, béithe, beith, mbéithe

n n., later f. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 113 and Études Celt. xxv 123-24 . n s. b.¤ nAnand, Corm. Y 104. a mb.¤ , SR 5974. in b.¤ thondgel, LL 18500. g s. Bée, LL 27711. d s. do b.¤ , TFerbe 64 . Mod. g s. na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . d s. don bhéith ghlain, O'Rah. 154.5. n pl. béithe, ZCP v 229.26 (Midn. Court). g pl. beith, Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . mbéithe, ZCP v 226.10 (Midn. Court).

Woman: Brigit b.¤ bithmaith `ever excellent woman', Thes. ii 325.15 , glossed: ben ut dicitur b.¤ bind .i. ben find, 29 . bē nē[i]t (.i. badb) .i. bē ben ┐ nēt cath . . . Inde dicitur: `b. nét fort,', Corm. Y 168. Brigit bē n-ēxe . . . B.¤ bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda goddess, 150 . b.¤ find fors ṅdestatar deirgindlid áir (rhetoric), BDD² 306. be ḟind ḟota ḟoltlebor, IT i 69 § 4. a bē, ZCP viii 102.15 (B. na f., 557.17 ). a mb.¤ n-aill, LL 21147. b.¤ adbul Heriu, 1651 . do b.¤ thastil female messenger, TFerbe 64 . cain-be fial forssaid ḟindnar, SR 3700. co tucas-sa in mb.¤ sáir sláin / Aife, Ériu iv 154.26 . seimigud b immorro .i. a bhen, a bhan, a bhe binn, Auraic. 1275. b.¤ ebraice (bath `daughter'? ed.), mulier latine , O'Mulc. 130. `b.¤' ben, Metr. Gl. 18 § 52. b.¤ .i. bean, O'Cl.

In Laws and glossaries in designations of classes of women. b.¤ carna wanton, harlot : cia ben is mesa do mnáib? Ni hansa. B. chārna, ZCP viii 113.12 . be carna .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). b.¤ charna .i. merdrech, ar dia ndech in ben co cuicir is b.¤ charna. fothad cairn .iiii. clocha, cloch fair is carnn iarum, O'Dav. 213 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 108 ). b.¤ cétmuinterasa woman with standing of head of a household, chief wife (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46.28 ): mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comceniuil, Laws ii 380.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 ). mad be cetmunterasa glossed: mad bean bus cetmuindter uais co dligthech, 382.4 Comm. b.¤ cuitgernsa `woman of condominium' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 218.18 ): ma co tir ┐ cetra ┐ intreb, ┐ mad comsair comtechta a cuma lanamnusa, ┐ is don ben sin asberar be cuitcernsa, ii 356.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 18.36 ). b.¤ n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 64.25 , 96 f. ): nocon uil ni do do lamda . . . a be nimruma, uair ar a urail fein bis a chartach . . . ┐ nocon eadh bis . . . a be nimruma, Laws ii 400.15 Comm. be nimrama .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). sechtmud do i n-a dormain ┐ i n-a be n-imruma, Laws v 72.4 Comm. b.¤ n-indlis `non-owned woman', see Ériu xii 74.18 . a atitin a primmna ┐ a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ┐ a aititin a fir ata saide, Laws ii 400.26 Comm. b.¤ loirge: direnar b.¤ luirge lándire `a distaff woman', O'Gr. Cat. 145.19 (Nero A vii, 153b9). Cf. dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, glossing lorg `road', O'Dav. 1155. b.¤ loiste loinetha woman of the kneading-trough and churn-dash: direnar . . . lándire b.¤ loisde luineatha alaile, O'Gr. Cat. 145.19. b.¤ roethine woman cast up by the sea?: be roethine .i. roethine mara dode-cuirethar .i. mairchor- (leg. muirchorthae, ed.), Ir. Recht 8 § 8. b.¤ tacuir foundling woman: b.¤ tacair do-renur cuic setaibh, a tri dibh a mamaib eca (leg. ecalsa, ed.) no (leg. ┐, ed.) ina dó eile ó feinib (finib, v. l.), Ir. Recht 6 , 7 § 7 , see ZCP xix 347. b.¤ táide lit. woman of a secret relation, i.e. in an irregular association with a man (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 99 , 100 ): baidsech cach be taide, no cach ben deirge lann (cf. . . . deiraig a lanamnus, v 456.22), Laws iv 58.26 Comm. merdrech [ut est] baitsech cach b.¤ táidhe (thaidhe, v.l.) `every secret woman', O'Dav. 306. b.¤ togu woman (with power) of choice (variously interpreted in Laws Comm.): be togai .i. togu an (leg. and ? ed.) imm a inchaib a ceile fa isint (leg. asint, ed.) seilb techtus di-rether .i. bancomarba lasmbi fer for bantindchur. be thoga .i. tic di co aos togai, na (leg. .i. or [atá] 'na, ed.) tagai, .i. im co fer theis fa in ngaba chaille . . . who has the choice as to whether she will be paid according to the status of her husband or according to her possessions . . . who is of an age to choose whether she will marry or take the veil, Ir. Recht 8 § 9.

Common in later poetry woman, maiden : rádha róchaoin bheóilín bhinn na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . is baoth don fhear do scar le béith bhig óig, xxxiv 1 . míle beith ghléigeal `a thousand fair ladies bright', Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . G., leannán béithe `beloved of women', O'Rah. 148.21. do screadadar béithe, 150.27 .

In nn. pr.: Fróech . . . mac side do B.¤ Find a sídib, TBFr. 2 (as b.¤ was orig. neut. the name Bé Finn > Bé Bind, later also Bé Ḟind). Bebinn ingen (sic leg.) Turgeis, Caithr. CC 27. is ed ainm dobered Midir dí B.¤ Ḟind (i.e. Étaín), TE² 180 § 10. B. Néit wife of Néit (a goddess of war): bē nē[i]t (.i. badb), Corm. Y 168. B.¤ nēid .i. Nēid nomen uiri. B.¤ eius Nemon, a ben, 181 . in b.¤ néit . . . .i. Enio, siur Mairt .i. dei in chatha, TTebe 3247 . co festais ca drem . . . din ro samaigfed in B.¤ níth-gubach Néit a neirt-bhríga, MR 242.1 . Aingene ainm ind fir ┐ Bee n-Aingeni ainm na mna, RC x 224 § 17. Be Chuille ┐ Dianand . . . na dí bantuathig, LL 1352. Bé Tuinde, Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). In n. loc. oidhre Leice Bébhionn Lickpevune (Co. Kerry), AFM v 1628.21 .

bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

bresta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bresta or dil.ie/6746

 

Forms: bresta

adj io, iā (1 bres) adj. used in various favourable senses: breasda .i. béodha no suilbhir ` lively, sprightly, cheerful ', P. O'C. co ṁmórbuidin brestai (: frescai) `alert', Fél. July 19 . it brestai in banmaicc, 20 . b.¤ .i. brotla nó beoda nó suilbir, O'Dav. 264. la Bartholom ṁb.¤ `B. the active', Fél. June 13 .i. primda nó ergna, O'Dav. 262. breasda .i. príomhdha, no beodha, no suilbhir, O'Cl. b.¤ ebraice, bresith Genes, b.¤ didiu cenēlta nó caom nó griandae, O'Mulc. 142. cethir brāithir buirr, b.¤ (bresa, v.l.) fīan a warrior-band, ready for battle (Meyer), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 27 § 2. fer mór b.¤ i n-airinuch na budnisin, LL 11998 (Táin 4506). cech ní ro alaind . . . is fri Breas indtsamlaichther is b.¤ ┐ is mor in laech is mor ┐ is b. in tine, YBL 137b22 , 23 . brígda in bedg, b.¤ in forrach `spirited the onset', Metr. Dinds. iii 210.5 . bé gel-chnes bresda báin-gel ` spirited ', 54.18 .

Compar. brestu (bresta MS.) cech soer a balcbruth `more vigorous' (of Christ), Blathm. 29.

1 cáid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáid or dil.ie/7682

 

Forms: cád, cáth, cath, cádu, cath, cád, caidh

adj i. Earlier cád, cáth o, ā. cath, ACC 74 ( RC xx 264 ). isnaib cridhibh cadha (: uaghlana), Blathm. 162 . cádu (compar.) (: dánu), Fél. March 20 . Cf. also cádus, cáttu.

Holy, noble, pure , etc.: cāid .i. cadeis isin grēic, sanctum isin latin .i. naob unde dicitur: cāid cech rēt mad fri canōin[e] comūaim, Corm. Y 291 . cadan .i. . . . cāid a faind .i. a clūim, 334 . colcaid .i. cail-cāid .i. coimēd cādusa ī ar is la hūaislib bīs, 341 . cath ebraice cades .i. sanctus , O'Mulc. 193 . (O'Mulc.'s derivation is accepted with reservations by Wagner, Beiträge 293 n. 8 ). cád a greco cadus .i. sanctus , H 3.18, 66a19 . caidh .i. airmitnech, Ériu ii 3.6 and gloss. caidh .i. uasal ut est caidh dia dinicfa co felmacaib .i. is uasal in dia sin, O'Dav. 573 . caid .i. uasal ut est liter la cáidh comarba, 530 . caidh .i. uasal ut est bes lia bes caidh [.i. cenn for memar]. Nó caidh .i. uasal nó ḟarbas no nemtnighi ut est caidh ni na bi fri fiadnaise forbair, 465 . cáidh .i. glán. c.¤ .i. geanmnaidh, O'Cl. caid .i. idan, Lec. Gl. 532 . Metr. Gl. 33 § 15 . caíd .i. idhan, Stowe Gl. 295 . caid .i. uasal, 299 .

Of persons: crist caid, Blathm. 3 . cresiōn cád, ZCP xii 235 § 52 (Baile in Scáil). Colum c.¤ cumachtach, LU 1168 . cenn c.¤ caillech n-Érenn (Brigit), Fél. Feb. 1 . Tigernan, tigerna caith (: nemtlāith), MacCarthy 434 § 2 . ridiri caidh canonda, Grail 3174 . ferta in chlerig caid, RC xx 42.9 . clanna caide, MR 118.17 . ba haigni c.¤ cridichair, LL 25746 . ná himderg duine mad c.¤ , SG 107.7 . tre bhais cháidh dá gcoisreagadh, DDána 20.25 . psaltair Cháoimhghin cháidh, BS 75 . mo cheathrar cáig (modernized spelling) (of children), Measgra D. 64.43 . Of places: isin phurt ch.¤ chaín (of heaven), LU 9942 . fo griandaib caidib (: blathib), SR 7363 . isin chill c.¤ (: eccóir), BNnÉ 250 § 205 . a Cleitech caidh, MacCarthy 410 § 4 . cathair caidh, Cog. 204.28 .

Various: foircedul caidh, ZCP i 64 § 85 , cf. 66 § 133 . isin chretim chaid (: máir), LL 16682 . nad fri canóin c.¤ cumtastar, 23297 . conid cád cach rét co canone comḟí, 23299 . sūil ag sīliudh dér cāid ale / ┐ bél ag ernaigthe, ZCP vii 306.25 . ol fri coindlibh ciarrtha caidh, Leb. Cert. 14.11 . da chomartha caidi choitchenda fixed, MR 114.5 . c.¤ cech n-écmais is faill cech n-aichnid, LU 3916 ( SCC 43 ). c.¤ cach ceól co cruit, LL 345d51 . Adv. ionnail go cáidh cleanly , Measgra D. 10.3 . In n.loc... i Caill Ch., LL 20180 .

compar. cádu (above). Later cáidiu: mad caidiu no mad saire no mad airmidnechu, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 62 § 31 . cia dib bud caidi no bud calmu, BB 239b47 . fearr maise an chúil is as cáidhe (: báine), Aithd. D. 43.6 . As superl. is í as cáidhe, DDána 99.37 .

As subst. rohordne in cád (: grad), Trip. ii 552.2 . bebuis in c.¤ Colmán, Fél. Feb. 18 . cach caidh every pure person, Ir. Lit. 96 § 10 .

Compds. With nouns: C. cádfer, Gorm. July 8 . C. in chadhḟis, Feb. 14 . B. . . . cáidgemm, Apr. 9 . roba calma a chádréim, July 24 . With adjj. C. cáidbind, Gorm. May 8 . a Christ cáidgil, Apr. 14 . M. in cádhṡeng, Feb. 1 .

4 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 dál or dil.ie/14347
Last Revised: 2013

 

ā, f. vn. of dáilid.

I A dispensing of drink or food : dal dige a dalo .i. seol bec bíss i ṁbraine muircoblaig. nosdali iarum in tonn imbi ut Isidorus dicit: dalum minimum uelum ad proram defixum. nó dail ebraice dalilia .i. sithula .i. sithal, O'Mulc. § 292 . Cf. Corm. Tr. p. 58 : dal .i. a dalin hebraico sithula .i. sithlad in lenda dognither aga dail. (Cf. H 3.18, 69 b : dal a dalín ebr. sithula , etc.). in dáil lenno, LMU 17. 54 (Eg.). tráth tánic dóib co roind ┐ dáil, FB 20 . dabach and do mid medrach oca dáil forin teglach, SCC 33. 23 . randaire do roind in bid ┐ na dáilemain da dail inna corma IT i 311. 36 . Cf. raergitar iartain rannair[i] fri raind accu ┐ dalemain fri dáil, CRR 13 . Étáin bói ocon dáil forsna flathi ar bu saindán disi dál, LU 132 a 21 . anais do dáil dóib, RC ix 490 . neim da dail fair, ib. xxiv 178. 9 . nothallad dáil chét for mael cech cnáma, LL 169 a 17 . is isi nodáled in dail ṅdedenaig, ib. 279 a 51 ( RC viii 150. 13 ). nír ibh achd a cuid don dáil sin, ITS v 24. 21 . da dáil ar fearaibh Éireann, ib. vii 61. 1 f.b.

II A distributing, dispensing, bestowing, granting : ag dáil cráisech don chuiri, Hy Fiach. 238. 5 . ag dáil slegh ZCP viii 224. 25 . in leiges suthain sin na fala coimeta do dail dóib, PH 265 . saidhbhreas an tsaoghail do dháil dhó, TSh. 273. 22 . ní fuil ainm eile arna dháil dona daoinib fa neamh (arna thabhairt, Bedel), ib. 58. 23 . arna ndáil ara gcumas handed over into their power, 180. 1 . fa choim phríomhughdair na ngrás do dháil da lucht leanamhna, 222. 35 .

To 4 dál also FB § 16 : fodáilter iarsuidiu biad ┐ lind doib ┐ tairmchell dáil tenid leo ┐ gabsus meisce ┐ batar fáilte, (cf. tendál) and ITS v 12. 120 : roforrígdáileadh biadh ara mbéulaibh ┐ rothimchill dáil teallaigh aca.

†danae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. †danae or dil.ie/14574
Last Revised: 2013

 

ind (? corruption of Hebrew dān CMCS lx 20 . Cf. dan dr̄ iudicium, CIH ii 629.34 (glossary) . But note: dan et in Gallico et in Hebraeo judicem , De nomin. Gallicis 4 ). iudicium: danæ ebraice iudicium ar fofuapuir in danae a comland conrucæ Dia breith etorra, O'Mulc. 294 ; but the passage, which is hardly complete, contains probably danae in the sense `two,' v. dana.

debroth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. debroth or dil.ie/14845
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: debroth, débródh, débroth, debrod, debro, debródh, debrath, debhrath, debrad, debhradh, debra, Débroth, debroth

ind an exclamation or asseveration constantly used by S. Patrick. debroth, Ardm. 6 b 1 . Thes. ii 310. 26 . Corm. s.v. mo d . Acall. 6648 . MacCongl. 15. 16 ; 83. 9 . O'Don. Sup. s.v. mo d.¤ de brot, Corm. l.c. (v.l.). débródh, Trip. 168. 14 . débroth, LB 27 b 3 . MacCongl. 45. 18 ; 61. 3 ; 67. 3 . debrod, Ardm. 7 a 2 . debro, Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18). debhroth, BB 208 a 41 . debródh, Trip. 56. 6 . — debrath, Thes. ii 290. 11 (Sg). H 3.18, 69 b . O'Mulc. 296 . debhrath, Todd Nenn. 182. 8 . debrad, Lism. L. 2246 . LB 251 a 5 . MacCarthy 436. 1 (BB). Fen. 214. 17 . debhradh AFM ii 652. 8 . debra, LL 193 b 51 (uncertain).

Rhymes with menman : dorata Dia debradh dúin : are rit ar menman mín, ZCP vi 266 § 10 ; with celebrad : co dered domain debrad : nocha bia gan celebrad, Fen. 214. 17 ; with delbda, LL 193 b 51 . In Debide : debrod : clod, ACC § 52 .

By the grammarians explained in various ways.

(a) usually explained as = Dia brátho God of judgment Thes. ii 310. 26 . Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18, ACL iii 16 § 36 ).

(b) already by Cormac connected with the Welsh formula min doiu braut `by God of the judgment' : mo debroth (v.l. luide mo de brot .i. mo dia brata) ol Patraic quod Scotici dicunt corrupte. síc hoc dici debet .i. muin doíu braut .i. muin didiu is meus. in díu is deus. in braut is judex .i. meus deus judex , Corm. s.v. mo d .

(c) as a Hebrew word. debrath ebraice . brath loquella. debrath didiu délabrath, O'Mulc. 296 .

(d) debrath .i. brath indsce. debrath didiu .i. deil a brath, H 3.18, 69 b .

(e) the explanation given in Colgan's Trias Thaum. p. 53 and 59 is due to misunderstanding of the passage in Ardm. 7 a 2 ( Trip. 292. 26 ).

(f) understood as degbriathar, Acall. 6648 (Franc. A 4 73 a ). See now Ériu lix 139-51 .

The rhymes with menman and celebrad (v. supra) do not necessarily prove original short -e-. Débroth the doom of God would be an ordinary cpd. of dia and bráth (u- stem), the latter passing into -broth in enclisis as scáth > scud (foscud, d sg.), gním > gnom. Mo d.¤ , dar mo d.¤ by the doom that God will pass on me on the day of Judgment. It seems the Irish equivalent of W. `min doiu braut,' not an adaptation of it. In `mo d.¤ ,' debroth is probably the dative.

(a) mo debroth seems the oldest formula : ` cui irascens Sanctus Patricius cum maledictione dixit : mudebrod male fecisti. nusquam proficiat tibi ager in aeternum , Ardm. 7 a 2 . et ait S. Patricius mudebroth quamuis laboraueritis nec tamen proficiat , ib. 6 b 1 = Trip. 289. 24 (transformed by Trias Thaum. 53 into`modebroth quod interpretatur quod non laboratis non proderit vobis '). mo debroth ol P., Corm., v. supra.—With strengthening om : mo debroth um ar Patraic bidh Hí Raduib do tṡíl trét umalóit, Acall. 6648 . — atbiur mo debroth...noco fesser cid fil and noco nérus, MacCongl. 15. 16 (analogically after atbiursa mo bréithir, &c.).

(b) dar mo debroth : asbert Patraic fris dar mo de broth is tualaing Dia sen mad áil dó. genus iuramenti sen la Patraic ac si diceret dar mo Dia bratha (which Trias Thaum. l.c. 4 transl. `per Deum meum Judicem sive judicii'), Thes. ii 310. 26 . dar mo debrod, ACC § 52 . darmo debródh ( débroth, LB 27 b 3 , debro, H 3.18 ) ol P. isind ulċ atá do chumachta, Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18 and LB add `.i. dar mo dia bratha (mbr. LB),' ACL iii 16 § 36 ).— dar mo debhrath ar Luirich (son of Sarran) is calma form in peata...andas in Coimdhe dia nadhair, Todd Nenn. 182. 8 .— dar mo debroth i fiadnaise in dúileman ba maith lium co rísaind a dochum in dúnaid sin, MacCongl. 83. 9 . darom débroth...ní bether co bráth, ib. 61. 3 .

(c) dom debroth: dom débroth fullfi friss, MacCongl. 45. 18 ; ib. 67. 3 .

(d) fom debroth: bam débroth, MacCongl. 57. 17 .

(e) a debroth: missi a debrad am fer sean (in verse) YBL 108 b 19 ( Ériu iv 150. 19 ).

(f) debroth alone, only in poetry: debrath nom choimmdiu cóima, Thes. ii 290. 11 (Editors' transl. is impossible; d.¤ perhaps abs. dat. `when the judgment of God is being passed,' i.e. on the day of Judgment, or an exclamation). roláis díot Feardia na ndrong: debhradh is crúaidh do choṁlann, Mil na mB. 27 l. 398 . muir nard nainbthech seoch a tæb: debrad nocha rígda dúil, Lism. L. 2246 . co dered domain debrad (: celebrad), Fen. 214. 17 . rocráided muintir Thomair: i niarthar domain debhradh by God's doom the race of T. was destroyed in the western world AFM ii 652. 15 (A.D. 942). Daminis debrad is tír, BB 51 a 47 ( MacCarthy 436. 1 ). dorata Dia debradh dún: are rit (= frit) ar menman mín (g s.) ZCP vi 266 st 10 .

edam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. edam or dil.ie/19674
Last Revised: 2013

 

ind edam .i. airbirt bith .i. edo; edom didiu dind airbirt bith ┐ din menbugud menbaigthe cach tuara chathes duine ; ni egam ut imperiti dicunt , Corm. Y 518 (edam .i. edó .i. domelim .i. oirberim bith LB). ? edom ebraice sanguinius, quia in sanguine uiuit vel edom quia edendo intestina vivit (sic leg.), , O'Mulc. § 371 , but see CMCS lx 20 , ZCP xx 482 . Cf. ? 1 etham.

2 ela ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ela ? or dil.ie/19917

 

n eala ebraice elom exercitus , O'Mulc. 384 .

et(a)im, aitim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. et(a)im, aitim or dil.ie/20864
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: etim, eataim, aitim, etim

n f. (earlier n, n. ? *ess-dithaim ?) etim, eataim, aitim , IGT, Decl. § 13 . The primary meaning is uncertain; Meyer's analysis ( Wortk. 134 ) is wrong, as the initial is short and the following cons. voiceless ( etim: etill IGT, Decl. ex. 636 . Cf. Bürgschaft p. 12 ).

I Spring, leap (?); thrust (?): rucsat da eitim edtroma fírluatha i certcomdail a chele, MR 266.15 . Cf. do rug sí eitim is sceinnim, ITS iii1 146x . As vn.: bui dibergach...oc eitim ┐ oc ingreim ar P., Acall. 4049 .

II Chance, opportunity; breach (?): eitim .i. báoghal, O'Cl. ? cach aigni a etaim, ZCP xvii 50 § 19 , Celtica xi 24 . Usually with vb. of reaching or seizing: tancatar ┐ rusc mor leo do gabail etma for B., ┐ dia doerad iarsein mani hetar im imda acce to take B. by surprise (?) Thes. ii 332 z = Lism. L. p. 320 w . ba gabáil etma don ríg | immar tharras ina thír, Metr. Dinds. iv 46.49 . ni riacht ceachtar de eitim gona na letartha for araile, Aen. 3130 . tárraidh mac I. eitim ngabala ar dhaghbhaile daingen, AFM v 1674.16 . táraidh E. eitim gona ┐ baeguil for P., D IV 2, 77 [71]va 41 . ar in mbráen mar do úair etim | do-chúaidh cráebh d'etill tar ais, IGT, Decl. ex. 636 . fuaratar etim ar ghlaslaith an iarla coro marbhadh a ngar do ched dibh, AFM v 1600.10 . no gu faicim fear na scél | ní ḟear dér acht d'aitim úam, IGT, Decl. ex. 637 . dus an ccaomhsatais d'eisleis no d'etim rochtain aissidhe go S., Hugh Roe, 278.24 . d'aitim no d'uaicnes, Celt. Rev. iv 208.21 . Cf. eo gan eitim `salmon unfailing' [never off guard?] Ó Bruad. iii 150 .

III In Laws applied to a species of pledge , apparently in a transferred sense; the most explicit ex. recorded is: etaim .i. gell do thuit ar eit do buith i tir comaithig a pledge which is forfeited (?) for cattle being on a neighbour's land O'Mulc. 467 . ettim ebraice robustoria (?), ar is ar niurt berair ib. diles cach n-etaim acht diroth cach techta iar re ┐ aputh, ZCP xiii 23 y (see Bürgschaft p. 12 ). leath gacha hathgabala ina hindligedh athgabála...┐ ní tét etuim (.i. smacht) tar cúic bú do tuaith, Laws i 270.8 . ni [leg. in ?] mug...ni gaibther an-aetaim fri dlighidh...he, acht cos i nglais, 104 y (with gl.: noca gabur a netmanughadh neich eile fris..., 106.12 ). ni bi eataim iar fiachuib .i. nocha bi smacht roairde gotha no roísle gotha dona feichemnaib na orra iar cindiud a fiach, O'Curry 1871 (= ataim 2281 ). i tuillem do febe .i. etuim slóigidh, O'D. 72 (< H 3. 17, col. 62 = Laws i 162.11 Comm. ). mad cona n-etmannaib .i. ma methaid ni dinn reir ┐ dind aurdligid .i. cona dilsi don flaith .i. narup gat na aurrach `mit ihren Verschul- dungen' ZCP xvi 206 (= O'Curry 828 < H 3.18, 380a ). In these passages et(a)im evidently is used of the act for which a certain fine was due.

Cf. cach aigni a étaim `to every pleader his decision' ZCP xvii 50 § 19 . étaim .i. cinne[d] ut est etaim dligid .i. in cinned ata do réir dligid ar na haighnidi, O'Dav. 783 .

1 fásach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fásach or dil.ie/21329

 

Forms: fassag, fásaige, fasaigib, fasaig, fássach, fasaigib

n o, s, n. (?) n s. fassag (mbreth), O'Mulc. 495 . n p. fásaige, see below. A legal precedent, a decision which has passed into a maxim; a proverbial saying: fāsach (no fāisech) ... .i. dobir in brethem cosmailius don chaingin ima fuiglither ... ┐ adfet iarom in [m]brith ronucsat brethemnai gaotha fuirre, Corm. Y 611 . canaid in breithem fassach fir-aicnid ┐ roscadh filed, 1224 s.v. tuirigin. fassag ebraice transgressio .i. robuth ann riamh ce dorearacht, unde dicitur: fassag mbreth .i. quod dixerunt qui de hoc mundo transierunt (i.e. a saying of the ancients) O'Mulc. 495 (cf. Corm. Y 433 ). ní huasligethar nach mbrethemuin mani fassach fírinne fiastar, ZCP xi 93.6 . cisne tri leaca ... nād fuaslaici dliged nā fuigeall nā fāsach, Laws v 450.2 . cf. rae tae torae nís fóirithe fola na fásach, Ériu xiii 29.28 . ar us seanfasac la feine, Laws iv 154.21 (with gl.: ar is sencinded, 156.4 . O'Dav. 906 ). a breith gin fasach `without a precedent' Laws v 352.4 . i sreathaibh roscaigh ┐ fasaigh ┐ airchetail precedent (ancient ruling) Auraic. 337 . is cían o as fásach ni gebthar cath cen ríg, LU 1514 ( MU² 1012 ). in gaedhealg fasaig (.i. i fis ogae), BB 300b3 . d du. ar in de fasaigib no dareithet: ni fognai lam laim, ni daim enecland anadh `from the two maxims which give relief' Laws i 228.16 . pl. it fasaig ┐ roscaid berthe [leg. berte] brethe (= judgments are decided by precedents and maxims) ZCP xi 89.23 . fasaige na filed precedents, maxims (one of the kinds of `bérla tobaide') Auraic. 1303 . fasoighe (fasaid v.l.), 4620 . asberad araili comad e in berla Feini fasaigi na filed ┐ co nach berla fo leith etir, 1337 . dogniat ina firta condat fasaige, Anecd. v 25.14 . g p. lín fássach `a number of precedents' Triads 178 . d p. brithem fri brithemnas ar roscadaib ┐ fasaigib , LU 9790 = Trip. 566.4 . ní fuigledar nach fuigled nad bí co fássaigib fírinne fossaigedar a breith unless he support his judgment by just precedents ZCP xi 82.2 = manip co fasaigib firinne fo gabthar, 89.23 .

gait

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gait or dil.ie/25273

 

Forms: goid, goide, gada, gada, gat

n ā, f. (with d s. for n s.) n s. goid; g s. goide, gada; n p. gada, IGT Decl. § 42 . n s. gat, Irish Texts iv 18 § 1 ; 20.9 . O'Mulc. 608 . vn. of gataid. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 168.

(a) taking away, abstracting (something from a person): gait an anmae díb the taking of their name from them, Ml. 70a5 . ní chaemnaic in ṅ-gabail do gait do lár ind átha to remove (i.e. to tear up) the fork, TBC-LL¹ 763. 738 . co súilib dessaib tennaib | do gait asa coemchennaib, SR 5556 . is gait claidib al-láim Ercail (of a difficult undertaking), Metr. Dinds. iv 100.2 . nin do gait ás by taking away the letter n, Cóir Anm. § 162 . dia gait d'ḟir úaib a talmain `for any man of you to pluck [it] from the ground,' Metr. Dinds. iv 78.2 . Sás gada céile Colla | do ghlaca séimhe sunna, L. Cl. A. B. 216.41 . BNnÉ 268.15 . toradh na ngéag arna ghaid `the trees' fruits fallen,' Dán Dé xvii 15 . Rarely in an entirely favourable sense: dognid umaloit doside im ghait a iallacrand de removing his sandals, Lat. Lives 87.13 . intan ba mithig a gait de cīgh to take her from the breast, Irish Texts i 3 § 5 .

(b) purloining, theft, robbery (in later language almost exclusively used in this sense): brath ┐ gat ┐ coibnius do orguin, Irish Texts iv 18 § 1 . is chom-chol gat nich ..., ib. 20.9 . ? gat ebraice fortitudo .i. quia per uim rapitur , O'Mulc. 608 . oc gait a bíd aire ar écin, BDD 54 . Ba saeth lia brathrea gait disi in tinscrae erru, Irish Texts i 6 § 16 . bean gatas .i. doni gait, Laws v 176.10 Comm. ; i 56.10 Comm. mad gait gataiter he if it is stolen, iii 208.11 . mas ar eigin no mas a ngaid rugad a seoit o nech, iv 270.16 . beodile coníc a gait budein livestock that can steal themselves (i.e. slaves), iii 432.9 . gatsatside na teora gata ... .i. mucc ┐ ag ┐ bo, BDD² 194 . bretha im gatta Judgments regarding Thefts (title of fragmentary Law Tract, H 2.15A. 38a ( Irish Texts iv 18 ). dogniat gait er Dhia, PH 7682 . ni dentar gait gan rún gaite, 7547 . gaitt irisech a pious theft, BColm. 84.10 . ib. 78.28 . ech ... mo derbrathar ... is é a goid dorinnis, ZCP vi 288.27 . fer ... nó díghladh gach gaid ┐ gach slad, CCath. 54 . ná roléicc goitt ná meirle ... do éirge ina reimhes, AFM vi 2374.7 . i ngait by theft, by stealth: is side ruc in mac legind leis i ngait dar muir, LU 2923 . Finnach foglaid robái i ṅgait isin sciaich, LL 354 marg. inf. 274b28 . luid Buchet for teiched ... i ṅgait, RC xxv 24.8 . oca chreicc a ṅgait, LB 155a57 . fer gaite meirle, Triads 141 . i fich na gaite, O'Dav. 900 . cosc gada, Keat. ii 5090 . fulang gada, TD 38.11 . rún gada, Ó Bruad. i 46 . biad ngaide stolen food, ZCP xiii 20.1 . mur gach mart ngoidi like any stolen ox, viii 541.6 . arbur gaide stolen wheat, Todd Nenn. 217 n . acht é 'na atán ghada a stolen hat, TD 38.9 . ní fuinmilsed gata ina flaith, BDD app. 168 ( LU 8021 ). gada ocus aircealla, Laws iv 270.26 . cen gáibthe gat `free from perilous thefts,' Metr. Dinds. iii 82.71 . toirmesc trod is glíadh is gad, IGT Decl. ex. 1162 . creacha fada ... gada dob' áil orra d'úaim, ex. 1214 .

(c) Transf. that which is stolen: a ithe ... leth-om amal bid gait nobíd occu, LB 155b57 ; ib. 12 . gat d'ithedh (s.l.) to eat stolen food, Laws i 56.10 Comm. ri ithis gait, Laws v 172.16 = ZCP xv 342 § 33 . iarair goidi (gaite LB), Anecd. iii 22.5 . in gaid airgither a cengal don crand, O'D. 568 ( H 3.17, col. 440 ).

(d) In cheville (meaning uncertain): biathsat na habaidh gan gait | náim in cataigh re caocait, SG 25.16 . ri gan gait, Fen. 58.7 . ib. 136.15 .

Compd. ¤bratt plunder: gatprat fo comang .i. gabsat dí marc hi n-athgabhāil, ZCP vii 305.13 .

gére

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gére or dil.ie/25730

 

n (gér) , f. sharpness: do ghéri do shlege, Mer. Uil. 57 . uisce sleibe nímsása coibchi co ngeire ngnusa, O'Dav. 329 = O'Mulc. 180 . Fig. acrimony , air is mór a ngeri sidi ` savageness ,' Ml. 75b1 . eider ingin is māthair | bīaidh ferg gnāth is gēre, ZCP x 50.26 . intensity, severity: ar ghéire ar nguil, IGT Decl. ex. 1120 . ruc Dauid, ba géire gúr, | in déde sin o Saúl it was a sore insult (?), SR 6391 . a ghéire ghoineas ... é `the sharpness with which it wounds him,' TSh. 4409 . acuteness: ríg cen géri, cen grinni, Metr. Dinds. iii 24.315 . Berach immorro ainm fuair trésin rinn-áithe ┐ tre géire a fhert ┐ a míorbal, BNnÉ 26 § 16 . fer ... co ngéri inntlechta, MacCongl. 105.15 . keenness, edge (of appetite): ger a gēre ab eo [quod est] rumenatio , Corm. Y 701 . ger ┐ gere .i. gera ebraice .i. ruminatio. gere didiu accobar cocnama, O'Mulc. 641 . géri ocus gorti, MacCongl. 95.1 . co n-géri chon with the keenness of a hound, ib. 3.12 . benuidh dhiom géire `they drive hunger from me,' BS 116.23 . o ratairned ... a ngeri ┐ a n-accorus, TTebe 484 .

2 íall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 íall or dil.ie/26921

 

Forms: iall, eill, hélle, éill, ialla, íalla, iallaib

n ā, f. n s. iall, LU 5646. a s. eill, 5172 . g s. na hélle , 5732 . d s. 'sind éill , Metr. Dinds. iii 256.17 . n p. ialla, SR 8125. a p. íalla, Hy. v 91. d p. iallaib, SR 1025.

(a) a flock or flight of birds (probably the same word as 1 íall with an extension of meaning, cf. Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (sec. ed.) s.v. string ): iall .i. ealta én O'Cl. ial[l]a ēn .i. ial ebraice exercitus interpretatur , O'Mulc. 708. íall gesse oc folúamain uassa, LU 5189. dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth, 5646 . ialla én find, Anecd. i 56 § 47. cet do chetaib en iallaib, SR 1025. domeccad ialla omhain `bird flocks of terror come upon me', BS 30.8 .

(b) a company, troop, band: eter iallaib ban búagnithi, LU 10314. ialla ainble engacha, SR 8125. iall aingel, Ériu ii 140 § 148. ní raghba ar n-eill | demon dubh donn, ACL iii 231.14 . don chath fri íalla cīara (glossed: fri demna), Thes. ii 348.6 ( Hy. v ). crothais domnu | dia īallaib `er machte Welten erbeben durch seine Heerscharen,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40 § 15.

2 imbas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 imbas or dil.ie/27295

 

n excessive narrowness ? : .i. nemchumca .i. bas ebraice .i. angustiae , O'Mulc. 713. bean teite di tarr i cain lanamna no d'i.¤ , Laws v 486.9 (In ZCP xv p. 355 n. 3 Thurn. : imbas .i. nemchumce `Nicht-Enge,' Man erwartete `Enge (des Beckens)').

Isra(h)él

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Isra(h)él or dil.ie/29123
Last Revised: 2019

 

npr. Usually invariable. Israel : arrodibaid ítith ind israhel spiurdalti inna nóib `the thirst of the spiritual Israel of the saints', Wb. 11a19 . ar maccu Israhel, Ml. 94d2 . popul Israël, Fél. Ep. 496. Israhel ebraice , O'Mulc. 772. ro dichuiread in pobol Hisril a Heigept isin Muir Ruaid, ITS xxxix 136 § 254 . clann Israhél, TD 9 § 3.

samrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. samrad or dil.ie/36159

 

Forms: samradh

n o,[m.] (1 sam). See GOI § 263 . samradh m., IGT Decl. § 11 (53.27) . summer : s.¤ .i. sam ebraice, sol latine . . . s.¤ diu .i. rīad rithes grīan ┐ is and is mō doatne a soillsi, Corm. Y 1154 . samhradh .i. focul comsuidig[th]e ō Ebra ┐ ō Scotic, samh ebraice, sol latine ┐ riadh .i. rith. Samhrad didiu rith solis , O'Mulc. 860 . hi samradh ┐ i fogmur, Laws i 2.2 . o tosach samraid, ii 244.y . i ndigoin feoir ethamain tsamraidh summer grassland, iv 80.25 Comm . minchaisc ala laithiu do shamradh, AU i 438.2 . isint shamhradh ar ciunn, 444.y . a bfheil na Croiche, an tress lá do tshamhrad, ALC i 374.13 . i n-erroch . . . i ssamrud . . . hi fogomur . . . hi [n]gemrud, LU 8121 ( FB 9 ). isin tshámrud . . . i ngémrad, PH 7665 . lá samhraidh, IGT Decl. ex. 385 . a laib samraid, Irish Texts ii 27 § 13 . ó thá samhain go samrodh, TD 9.14 . ar eslaintibh in t'samhruigh summer illnesses, Reg. San. 27.4 . do-chuaidh an samhradh thorainn = transiit aestas, TSh. 6345 .

Fig. réalta shamhraidh shoishíne (of a chief), TD 24.14 . grian ghlan ghealmhaidne samhraidh (Mary), DDána 49.4 . samhradh gréine | 'n-a gruaidh chorcra, Studies 1930, 439 § 4 . go héag is doaimsear damh | d'éis an bháis bhias mo shamhradh my summer will come after death, PBocht 14.26 .

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