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1 á

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 á or dil.ie/12
Last Revised: 2013

n [s?] cart. war-chariot . See Marstrander, Ériu v 252 ; LEIA dunaib aaib gl. axibus, Ml. 96c12 . ā .i. fēn nō carr . . . with ex. (B. na f.): in essar dam do ā? / tó mena má mo á / ara taire mo á mō / mani má do á, tó, Corm. Y 70 . a .i. carr no carbad, O'Cl. Cf. an doastar dam do á? (.i. in esci dam do charr?) / tó maine má (.i. dogebair mina maidhe) / arataire mo á mo (.i. mo charr co moch) / maine ma do á to (.i. mina maide do charr, ticfa), Eg. 1782, 6a1 . (cited from Contribb.) Quatrain also cited in Ériu xi 43 to explain mó .i. moch.

abacc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abacc or dil.ie/19
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. (see Vendr. Lex. and Études Celt. xxiv 185 ) dwarf. In native glossaries derived from 1 ab (cf. Ériu xvi 38.4 cited below and We. afanc beaver), but the exx. do not support the meaning castor (Vendr.). abac .i. ab aband ┐ bac beg; bec bīs i n-aibnib é. Nó becc a á .i. a airde, Corm. Y 83 . a.¤ .i. bec abae, ar is a n-aibnib bit, ut dicitur: Tuatha a.¤ usce uair gluair conanat in gach dail, O'Mulc. 3 . a.¤ .i. bec adbae fobith senbic frith is in boind, O'Curry 123 ( H 3.18, 74 - 5 ) (referring to the story of Senbec, RC vi 182 ; Ériu xiii 26 ). in t-aboc o Rus chaem Chas / noco n-é a taeb as imda .i. fota, LU 1029 (ACC). doluid in t-abac . . ./ . . ./ co romarbsat in abacc / fo a cossaib iar crín-amarc / ó lecht ind abaic-sin síar, Metr. Dinds. i 18.69 . a.¤ Pátraic, Trip.² 1905 . ro tṡillestar sí ar in n-abhacc .i. Cnú deireoil, Acall. 6000 . mar do bemais 'nar lenbaib bliadne nó 'nar n-abhcaibh beca, 5927 v.l. Lecht ind Abaicc (one of the monuments of Tara), LL 3843 (cf. lige). lige in abuic, Todd Nenn. 200.1 . mac Mēin in t-aphac bec aon-dhuine is lugha a ufianaib Ēreann, Feis Tighe Chonáin 255 . abac do fuair Fionn ferda, SG 108.6 . Cronán abhacc ab Cluana mic Nóis, TFrag. 94.9 = Cronán becc, AFM i 296.6 . cruitín no abhac, Levit. xxi 20 . abhac `a dwarf', Eg. Gl. 27 . Associated with luchorpán: doloto(ta)r lucorpain dond rig . . . atgege fergus fair . . . eolas fobarta fo muirib . . . rotbia ar int a.¤ acht aen ar[a]cuillimm airiut loch rudrige, Ériu xvi 38.4 ( Laws i 72.6 .) líntar in port forru do demnaibh i ndealbhuibh abhac ┐ luchrapan, Lism. L. 3776 . nān .i. bec, ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac lucharbán, O'Mulc. 828 .

abartach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abartach or dil.ie/49

Forms: Apartach

n o, ā (abairt): a.¤ escrai (a kind of dispenser ), Triads 231 . fá'n a.¤ áithesach fá Aodh . . . feat-performing one, Caithr. Thoirdh. 96.19 . boibre .i. bo-a.¤, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like a cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29 ). .i. epertaigh na mbo, O'Curry 2487 ( Eg. 88, fo. 39b ). As n.pr. Apartach, BB 258b31 . The name Ábartach (with lenited -b-, Dánta Gr. 7.21 , Acall. 3021 ) is presumably distinct. See Éigse vii 92 .

accais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accais or dil.ie/142

Forms: accuis, accuis, accais, acaissi, acsi, aicsin, aicsin, aicsenaib

n f. In O.Ir. glosses accuis (Lat. occasio, see GOI § 302 ). Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (i 476) distinguishes a word accais < *adcais (We. achas), but the various meanings can be explained as easily from a single form accais < Lat. occasio. g s. accuis, Alex. 297 . accais, O'Dav. 399 . acaissi, Fl. Earls 132.25 . n p. acsi, Corm. Y 1082 v.l. (achuis, text, Anecd. iv 96.23 ). Also as n-stem a s. aicsin, Ml. 38c4 . n p. inna aicsin , 51d15 . d p. dinaib aicsenaib , 62a22 . See aicsenach.

(a) cause, reason: acuis .i. a causa , Corm. Y 10 (cf. O'Mulc. 11 ). ? bri gach ṅ-a.¤ , Corm. 8 = cach n-ogus, Corm. Y 149 . issí ade accuis `this is the cause', Ml. 104c1 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab Duaid `that is not the reason for which David sang it', 35a8 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu hisin, 57a3 . sainaccuis do Duaid sech cách, 36c11 . cen fochunn ┐ cen accuis, 46b14 , 126d17 . ar main bed accuiss na precepte sin `for if it were not because of that teaching', Wb. 9b19 . in di accuis, Sg. 200a13 . it hē achuis (acsi, v.l.) ar a nglanaiter, Corm. Y 1082 = aicsin, Corm. Bodl. 38 . sain didiu accuis as rohainmniged cach āe, Corm. Y 1079 . nisber nach a.¤ aile acht dul tar bur cenn-si there is no other reason for it(?), Anecd. i. 43.18 . acais toirge na nDéise, Ériu iii 135.2 .

In prep. phrases: ar accuis pectho `because of sin', Ml. 60b19 . ar accuis tesairgne do mnai ríg Érend, LU 10770 = ar cuis, Ériu xii 170.5 (TE). ?fu acis gl. sub obtentu, Thes. i 498.29 . hua accuiss sulbairichthe `because of politeness', Sg. 45b3 . trena a.¤ (i.e. because of Findabair), LL 11323 (TBC).

In Laws cause, occasion of injury to others, hence offence, crime(?). Cf. it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait, ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . dilis do ceilib . . . seoit . . . acht fris-rognat a flaithe . . . na dernat acais a mbais `wenn sie . . . ihren Tod nicht verursacht haben' (i.e. have committed no crime leading to their lord's death), ZCP xiv 362 § 22 , see p. 363 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide acais . . . acúis don gnímh son do gní nech for torbha do budein ┐ imaric aimles nach aile de cin elguin ┐ ní duine féin is fer láimhe di `acuis' is that deed which one does for one's own advantage and from which disadvantage ensues to another person though he has committed no crime and is not the perpetrator thereof(?), O'D. 577 (H.3. 17, 444). See 3 ág. gan ágh, gan a.¤, gan urcoid . . . a n-adrad h'arm, MR 294.15 .

(b) hatred, enmity, rancour etc.: acais dhlighidh, Ériu xiii 25.6 glossed .i. aor no mallacht . . . no a.¤ .i. immidh, O'Dav. 40, 399 (cf. ZCP xiv 7 ). aincis (acais, v.l.) is miscaith namá / dhá ṡenainm na mallachta, Metr. Gl. 14 § 29 . fí fo builc .i. a.¤ fo thuind, RC xx 252.1 (ACC). ferb .i. bolg .i. acuis fo tuinn, O'D. 27 (H 3.17, col. 25). na bi ar acais na miscais do gní acht do rellad na firinne, O'Curry 2599 ( Eg. 88 fo. 51 (52)a ). is tromsceo a.¤ ┐ duabais ┐ neime for cech n-aen, Alex. 297 . ro aorfadaois o acois ┐ o breachtradh an dána virulence(?), ZCP x 278.3 . doní geōin ┐ acu[i]s ┐ díghbhāil, Feis Tighe Chonáin 464 . narbham uan go n-acais fhaoil (i.e. a wolf in sheep's clothing), Aithd. D. 73.16 . lomnán d'imneadh is d'achais (sic), O'Hara 3262 . gapuis . . . ben oile . . . doigh ētta, imthnūith ┐ acaissi di, Fl. Earls 132.25 .

Of disease, illness (cf. is aon n-aicsina fo dera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 ): rom-soerae, á Ísu / ar a.¤ cech thedmae from every disease, Fél. Ep. 518 . rot gob acais .i. mor galara, YBL 137a17 . indtan rob āiniom ndō, rotgab acais mōr (of disease of Emperor Constantine), ZCP iii 227.2 . galar gan a.¤ gan anbḟorlann, ALC ii 400.15 .

In concrete sense poison, venom: delg co n-acais ina chois co nderna tart ar feith inti `festering', BColm. 42.18 .

accmacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accmacht or dil.ie/156

Forms: acfacht

n (cf. accmaing) power: acfacht, Eg. Gl. 704 .

accmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accmaing or dil.ie/157

Forms: accmac, acfaing, acfuinn

n Earlier accmac o, later a., acfaing, acfuinn f., g s. and n p. -e. Vn. of 2 ad-cumaing. See also under tacmang.

(a) act of encompassing, encircling: doreccacha Mac Roth huad do accmac Slebe Fuaid, TBC-I¹ 3107 . acmac .i. timcealladh, O'Cl. acmac `a circuit or compass', Eg. Gl. 655 .

(b) power, ability, capacity: acmhaing .i. árach no cumhachda, O'Cl. ní roibhi acmhaing etir aigi Laeg do imtheacht uadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 329 note 8 . is sgath uaisleachta Chláir Chuinn / fa nguaisbhearta áigh d'acmhuing in that he is able to emulate their . . . deeds, DDána 102.10 . do-ní mé . . . réir gach aoinfhir fam acmhuinn according to my ability, 101.33 . ní mó ná acfuinn gach fhir / do shirfeadh Dia ar na daoinibh `God asks of men no more than man can give', Dán Dé xxii 33 . déin na deagh-oibre . . . do réir th'acfainne spioradalta ┐ corpordha, Mac Aingil 3772 . amal badh accmaing duit to the best of thy power, ZCP iv 388.15 . an acfuinn do bhí san duine re déanamh deigh-ghníomh, TSh. 2911 . ar ní as fhóille ná ar n-acmhuinn `for less than my best effort', PBocht 17.18 . a mheic Alprainn ní budh fhoráil / deit ar n-acmhaing d'anóir `all the honour we could pay you' Dán Dé xii 12 . eire ós acfuinn dimshníomh a load of trouble too great for her, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 29 § 4 . gé nach fuil acfainn . . . san Ngaoidheilg aguinn, Desid. 26 . do-ní iad féin broinn-líonta ré biadhaibh . . . tar a n-acfuinn, TSh. 7242 . With gen.: eacmuing na neche sin ability to perform those things, Laws ii 284.14 Comm. acfaing a denma, BB 446a28 . acmaing a ritholma, Cog. 50.7 . acmuing a bfreasta[i]l, Hugh Roe 142.14 . ni fuair a.¤ falmaisi orro, Acall. 7695 . acfuinn uraghaill, TSh. 4195 .

(c) means, instrument, apparatus (somet. in concrete sense): créd í an acmhaind is cóir do bheith ag denamh an bhaistigh? `what should be the outward observance in Baptism?', Carswell 231 . dobeir . . . trelamh ┐ acfaing fair, Moling 47 . loscfitir bar loṅga . . . nachbar-bé accmaing ellam rí imgabáil, LL 238b30 `so that ye will not have ready means of avoiding', TTr. 1620 . ca ha.¤ fil acat do cur friss?, Mer. Uil. 57 . uile acmoinge marbtha daoine, TFrag. 234.18 . níor chaomhain . . . a neart Samson . . . ná aon oile aon-acfuinn dá mbí ann ar ghuaisibh an bháis, TSh. 612 . cheanglas céadfadha an chuirp ┐ acfuinne na hanma resources(?), 7906 .

(d) abundance, wealth: as lár haoibhnis ┐ hacfainne from the midst of pleasure and abundance, RC xxiii 20.2 . mar shaltraim ar úr Innse / acmhaing (sic leg.) mo shúl shilim-se copious tears, DDána 77.4 . do reir acmuinne in othuir = secundum divitias patientis, Rosa Angl. 84.16 . bíodh iomad acfuinne airgid ag neach multas pecuniarum facultates, TSh. 9990 . acfaind ┐ craes ┐ anóir, de Contemptu, 1121 . mar a fuil an medi so do acfuinn superabundantia, Smaointe B. Chr. 6013 . bit acmuinn mor fertana ┐ fuachta is in tsamradh, Ir. Astr. Tr. 124.13 . ca hacfaing loin nó gébhadh what supply of provisions he would get, CCath. 1478 . cen acfuing tṡloigh innti dó do frestal catha sufficiency, 1225 . Cf. nach ḟuil acfainn catha aca am agaid si (sic leg.) CF 597 . do b[f]agbad acmaing comad cath do berad, Cog. 130.17 .

Note also: do fhagaibh do ┐ da cloind / Maisi fa maith in acmoing / gan peist. . ./ a tír da ngebdais Gaídeil, BB 18a22 . (see Keat. ii 416 n. 309 ).

accmaingech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accmaingech or dil.ie/158

adj o, ā (accmaing)

(a) powerful: an ríghfhlaith ághmhar acfuinneach, O'R. Poems 2642 . urmhór a labharthar lat / do bheith acfuinneach uasat `who are said by you to be superior to you', Content. x 26 . do bhí sé acmhaingeach athlamh i n-íorghail (of a chieftain), Hackett xxxix 151 .

(b) wealthy, rich (in): acfuinneach sufficient, Eg. Gl. 50 . is saidbir acfuindech rí in tíri sin, Maund. 159 . acmainneach . . . fa crannaib rich in trees, Ir. Astr. Tr. 138.21 . gu mbí saidhbhir acfuingeach lán don uile mhaith, Desid. 3379 . an duine acfuinneach, TSh. 5349 . tigheas flaithemhail acmhuingeach áirmheach, Hackett xl 126 . acmaingech tuarasdail ┐ tindlaicti, Ann. Conn. 1225.6 . Adv. gach uair dferfad ann co hacmainnech `every time it should rain heavily', Ir. Astr. Tr. 50.6 .

-acobair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -acobair or dil.ie/226

v subj. pres. 3 s. of *ad-cuimrig (*ath-com-reg-) binds: tacra im a reir conid n-acobuir pleading so as to make what is adjudged to him binding(?), Laws v 252.8 .i. co ro cuimrighi aí caich ina réir, O'Dav. 141 . acobhair .i. cuimrech, ut est ni acobair gell na bi gell `he should not bind', 50 . ? tri tire res na haccobair mac na raith na fiadnaisi, O'Curry 2469 . ( Eg. 88, 38 (39)a ).

adann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adann or dil.ie/295

n f. (cf. ad-annai).

(a) name of a contrivance for causing ignition, rushlight, taper, tinder(?): adand oc cainnill (.i. deróil oenchainnell bec hi farrad cainle more) a taper in comparison with a candle, LU 333 (ACC) (= ZCP xix 199 ). a.¤ .i. aen-itharna, Corm. Y 69 . adaind graece. adande .i. capit .i. ar gaibid in tene an cainnil, O'Mulc. 20 .

(b) coltsfoot: adhann and adhainn otherwise called spúnc, because got for tinder, P. O'C. portulaca .i. a[d]ann, Med. Gl. C 75 ( ACL i 335 ). adhann, the herb Colts-foot, Eg. Gl. 658 . albagla, portulaca, pespulli .i. anmanna na hadhainne, 23 K 42 330. 5 . adhunn, letus, andiuia `coltsfoot, lettuce, endive', Rosa Angl. 102 § 32 . sil . . . na haduindi, 84.7 .

adart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adart or dil.ie/314

Forms: adairt

n o, m. (? orig. n.) later also f. d s. adairt, 1 Sam. xxvi 7 . Eochairsg. 2.35 . some kind of support for the head in sleeping or reclining; pillow: a.¤ quasi ad-irt .i. adae mbais, ar is bas do-rimther codlud ┐ is ainm irt do bás . . . Aliter a.¤ .i. ad-ardd, ar is ardi oldás in imda archenae, Corm. Y 43 . adhart ┐ adhartan a bolster, a pillow , Eg. Gl. 649 . a.¤ .i. da cloich, ar ba hē bith fo cind apud ueteres , O'Mulc. 90a . a mbátar Ulaid imbi isin taig . . . Lugaid R. etir ┐ a.¤ , LU 3300 ( SCC § 10 ). sé os a.¤ fir i sirc, 3456 (ib. § 24). eter Mongán ┐ fraigid for sind a.¤ , 10977 . téit for teched . . . co mbói for adurt imdai C., 4917 (TBC). itge degmná dia hadurt, LL 344a10 . tanac mór fecht co mbínd / for cinn t'adairt oc neméle frit, 278b16 . dochum an adhuirt i nimdaidh, Ériu v 122.57 . coimitecht ┐ comét adairt guarding, O'Dav. 1153 . ní fuil clúim ria bar n-a.¤ your case is a hard one, LL 257b14 . dairt ar oen adhart i.e. for disclosing something to a bed-fellow, Laws v 134.21 Comm. ni acaltar tarais nach thar a.¤ , Ériu xii 48 § 61 . for adhart i bhfail fhir eicin, Lism. L. 1335 . fo chinn na raibhi acht cloch doghnath do adhurt, 4493 . a ghlún dob é th'adhart-sa, Dán Dé i 10 . bás (écc) fri ha.¤ lit.: death against a pillow i.e. a natural as oppd. to a violent death: ar cech mbas acht éc fri a.¤ , Lib. Hymn. i 65.72 . dochúaidh bás fri hadhart, Cóir Anm. 64 . air ise aenfer docuaid eg re h-a.¤ dib, BB 251a29 . Also : i n-adhartaibh éaga, GJ xviii 31.31 . bas adhairt a Chonaill cernaigh, BB 53a43 . In phrase cenn adairt: dlaí di chi[u]nn adairt, Críth G. 229 . Fig. Bun Loinne ┐ Loch Gile / . . . / is iad amhairc budh fhearr linn / mar cheann adhairt fam intinn, DDána 88.32 . a cheann adhairt gach eolais (of a person), 90.14 . Cf. a.¤ fo chenn naisdísen anisiu gl. perfectionem, Sg. 198a10 .

Extended uses: re ha.¤ n-úar (of the grave), LL 4195 . ri ha.¤ tend tricc mad truit / ni gabat greim grip guip gai (of a shield), 18399 ( PRIA iii 540 § 5 . ) Rest for weapons: ro coraigit . . . a claidbe for a n-adartaib, LL 12965 . intsin do chinteador a ccleaso uatha a lamhaibh a n-arad ara n-aghartoibh urdherghoighte, ZCP x 287.12 . Pebble-ridge, high water-mark(?): amal ruc . . . a chosa tarsin adhart suas for tír, Lism. L. 1948 . In phrase a.¤ olc, uilc high-water mark of evil: is adart uilc, is fír trá, / is malairt (leg. malart) cuirp ┐ anma, LL 19310 . an brath . . . colann do fāgbadh ann sin a fothraicthib fola ┐ a n-adhartuibh uilc ┐ a sruth-linntib crō, ML² 1745 . ar dtonn bháidhte, ar n-adhart olc, Dánta Gr. 28.23 . Perh. also: adarta dochraite in étraid ┐ in adaltrais, PH 4945 .

adartán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adartán or dil.ie/316

Forms: adhartan, adartain

n (adart) pillow: adhartan `a pillow', Eg. Gl. 649 . adartain pulvilli, O'Gr. Cat. 270.24 . cur aghartán fir ghonta fri Coingculainn, ITS xxiv 76.28 . na curthur adhartan, na tirman arin sicne acht edach min lin no sroill `a pludget or small pad used in surgery', Irish Texts v 5.1 (see Gloss.).

1 adba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adba or dil.ie/329

Forms: adhbha, -aidh, adbad, adhbhadh

n , f. Vn. of *ad-fen (see Lochlann ii 203 ). Later also t, f. adhbha f. (ó dá chéill an tráth téid a réim asda. d s. -aidh. g s. -adh n p. -tha), IGT Decl. § 4 . Also adbad: adhbhadh (: adhbhar), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 5 .

Abode, dwelling place: Beccán . . . hi Cluain aird a adbae, Fél. May 26 . díambá ha.¤ ind a.¤ sin, LU 2458 . robad á.¤ daíscarsluaig, Trip.² 2399 . it adbai do demnaib indsin `these are abodes of the devil', Rule of Tallaght 74 § 42 . a a.¤ bunaid his original home, PH 7302 . isind adbai n-iffernaidi, Ériu ii 142 § 158 . téged cách díb iarom dia adbuid, LB 110b9 . as imdha aitti ┐ a.¤ aili ocon Coimdhi, Lism. L. 3703 . re h-innarba h-anma---in adbaid a n-aigérthar uirre a h-uilc MR 294.2 . i n-adhbhaidh fhalaimh, DDána 17.10 . go hadhba Poil is Pedair, (i.e. Rome), BNnÉ 283.4 .

Of the lairs of animals, etc.: a.¤ ron abode of seals (kenning for the sea), Bruchst. i 65 § 149 ( IT iii 38 § 24 ). ? do berlaib cech mil bladmair / dia n-ergnaib dia n-iladbaib, SR 7264 (could also be referred to 1 adb or 2 adba). a.¤ én, LU 3046 . condaberat leo dia n-adbai (adba, adbaid v.ll.) (locusts carrying away grapes), Ériu ii 192 § 3 . a n-adhpaid con, RC xi 130.38 . i n-a.¤ oss ┐ fíadmíl ┐ sinnach, TBC-LL¹ 5996 . dober-sa cach bó ┐ cach ben díb . . . co aitte ┐ co adbái fadessin, 4757 . gur charas an adhbhadh so tream' oileamhuin uirthe (a stag of the oak in the forest near which he was reared), Celt. Rev. x 136.16 .

Various applications: is a.¤ ega an ni atciam abode of death (i.e. a dangerous place to enter), RC xiv 54 § 66 . iar n-adbai escai .i. rofitir in n-a.¤ i mbí in t-ésca il lo ┐ in grían i n-aidchi RC xxvi 18 § 37 . rop a.¤ sciath ┐ scen, Metr. Dinds. iii 314.5 . Of the grave: in ben mór in Dagda dond / ní duachnid a n-a.¤ and, LU 4140 . a techt i n-hūire a.¤ `the abode of clay' (i.e. the grave), Fianaig. 10.16 . See also under othan. Of the body: inghnadh eagla gum anmain / mo dul as[in] drochadh- phaigh, ZCP xii 367.4 . a ádbai na ndoel (voc.), PH 8256 . iar ndenumh ádbai indat, 8278 (the body to the soul). Of a warrior: adhbha na gcraoiseach, LL 394.29 . an fer bhus adhbha sochaidhe coiseóna féin Righe `rallying-point', ITS v 26.6 . In Laws translated property: amboi (= ambua) adba .i. domo (= doma) seoit, Laws v 182 n.2 . fobith bana.¤ taisic `because female possession reverts', Laws iv 16.24 .i. fon fath is a.¤ dar coir aisec in feraind, 18.12 Comm. In kennings: Adhbha Ír Ireland, TD 19.16 . adhbha . . . chuaine Chuirc Cashel, 5.10 . Of ship: nach raibh aco lóng gan leónadh ná athbha gan fosgla, CF Eg. 22 .

ad-boind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-boind or dil.ie/368

Forms: a-t-bois, ad-bo, -arfastar, apad, aptha

v ( ad-bond-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 476 ). Subj. Pres. 2 s. a-t-bois, O'Dav. 89 . 3 s. ad-bo, ib. ? Pass. (with ro) -arfastar (= árbastar?), Laws ii 48.4 . Cf. as-boind with which this vb. is sometimes confused and to which some of the exx. below may belong.

Proclaims, gives notice or warning (DO to): do gaib na heocho . . . ┐ ata-boind do fir bede heich and gives notice of them to the man whose they are, Laws iv 104.z. Comm. atabaind . . . fo na cricha he gives notice of them throughout the country, 106.3 Comm. adbonnar do flaith do eclais `let it be proclaimed to the chief, to the church', iii 298.6 . ni gaibther athgabail neimhe[d] graid flatha . . . co n-arfastur (= árbastar?) doib cu dechmuid `till notice be given to them of ten days', ii 48.4 . co n-arfastar doib fo lin fiadan, v 442.21 . lecidh in fear a cetmuindtir ┐ atboind na tucadh neach, 200.14 Comm. atbonnar do cach fia fiadnaib tuidhecht di, O'Curry 476 (H 3.18 p. 248). atboind ratha rechta, 2486 ( Eg. 88 fo. 39 (40)c ). ar apndachaib fine .i. adbonn fine a curu, 837 (H 3.18, p. 382a). o adponnar if notice be given, 797 (H 3. 18, p. 370b). for fuigell . . . atabonar, O'D. 2212 ( Nero A vii p. 146b ). in la segar ise la adbonar, 620 ( H 3.17 col. 461 ). adbo .i. urfocraim .i. obaim nó atboinn nó atbois ut est atbois a réir britheman, O'Dav. 89 . ? atbois .i. tobach ceni torbois .i. cenipe tualaing, O'Curry 1975 ( H 4.22, 17 ).

Vn. apad.

Part. aptha.

adbronnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbronnach or dil.ie/373

adj o, ā (odbrann). having protruding joints; knotty, gnarled(?): luirgne fiara fochama is iat a.¤ , SG 328.23 . sliasta sacacha sithcamma aicce se a.¤ lethan-tsluaistech, IT i 271.30 (FB Eg.). Leaburcam . . . chorrchael chnoc-adhbrondach, BB 257b25 . fer acaelaide ardmhor fadbronnach, 427b49 .

ad-cí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cí or dil.ie/391
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ad-rodarcar, atchíu, adcíu, atchim, -accu, -accim, -airciu, -airchiu, adchí, atch, -accai, -aci, adchí, adcíi, atobc, adcí, asidc, -aicci, adciam, adchiam, asidciam, -accam, -aciam, atchíd, -accid, adciat, -acat, -aiccet, adcither, adchither, -acastar, -accastar, -aiccesdar, ad-rodarcar, adroarcar, atchiter, -aicind, atchíd, asitchid, atcitis, atchíthe, -aictea, atcítis, ad-cear, atcheur, -accur, -accar, -aicer, -aiccither, -aiccther, -accadar, -acathar, -accamar, adced, adceter, -accatar, adcethar, atcethar, -accastar, -accaister, -arcastar, atcheind, -accinn, atchethe-su, madattceththae, madhcethea, adcheth, atchet, -aiced, -accad, adcethe, adchetis, -accaitis, adcethe, -aiccitis, -accus, condas-chichi, dom-chich, -accigi, at-chichset, -aiccichet, atatchigestar, atchichestár, atcichead, -aiciged, acciged, adcichitis, -acca, -acca, adcita-acae, -acae, -acce, -aicci, -accai, -accamar, -accatar, adchess, adchess, matcias, -aiccess, -acus, atchessa, -aicessa, atchondarc, atconnarcsu, atcondarccaisiu, atchonnarcaisthi, ad-condairc, adus-connarcmar, adchondarcid, atcondarcatar, atchonnarctar, o'tchondarcatar, dochiu, dochim, -bhfaicim, -feicim, dochi, -ḟacci, -bhfaice, -feicenn, dochi, -acend, -fhaccend, -faic, dochiam, atchiamait, atciamaid, dochímíd, atchíthi, do-chíthí, -facthi, atcíat, atchíd, adchiad, dochíd, dochiat, -faicit, dociter, -aicter, -bhfaicthear, rocíter, nachataicim, faiceam, faicthear, do-chíodh, -faiceadh, adcíadhmais, -bfaicmís, -bfaicti, dochíthe, -faicte, -faictis, do-chear, -bhfaicear, -accar, -faccur-sa, -accara, -faccara, -accera, -acatar, -faicea, -facaid, -bhfaiceam, -acat, -faicit, -fhaicet, -feictea, atchised, -bhfaiceadh, -faicsimmis, -faicmis, -faictis, -aiciste, -haicesda, atchicera, atíchera, -aircechasa, adidracacha, atcichfe, chíchsiom, adachichisthi, atichistisi, atchichither, -aicigther, atcithsead, chichsiodh, atchichesta, chíeabh, -aiciub, -feiceab, nodcífi, do-chífe, atchífir, dochifir, -faicfe, dochífe, -aicfe, -acéb, ḟaiccbe, -faccéga, -faigfe, -faicfe, -faicfid, attcífem, -faicfeam, dochífide, -faicfide, atchífit, docífitt, -ffaicfit, atcífider, -accfither, -aicfider, dochífear, adcíthfend, dochífeadh, atchífeadh, -aicfed, dochífidís, -faicfitis, itcífea, dacitfidhi, atconnac, dochunnuc, dochonnarc, idconnarcos, -facca, -faccu, -facus, -facadhas, atchonnarcais, adconnacuis, daconncadais, atchonncais, doconncais, -faccais, -facadais, -acaghois, diconnairc, atchonnaic, rachonnaic, -facca, -faccae, -facae, -facai, -facaid, -accaig, -agaid, -facais, atchoncamar, choncamar, -facamar, atconncabar, -facabar, -faccabair, atconncatar, dochoncatar, -facadar, -acaiset, doces, doconnarcas, atcondcas, cunncus, condcas, -aices, -facas, -accas, -facus, -facessa, aicsiu, (f)aicsin

v sees. Frequ. (outside O. Ir. Glosses) at-c(h)í with meaningless infix. pron., in rel. with inf. pron. sometimes also as-. Prot. stem -a(i)cc-. In O. Ir. with depon. inflexion in subj. pres. and with redupl. future. For active inflexion in subj. see Celt. Verb 138 . In pret. active prot. forms only are found, the conjunction co n- being used where no other conjunct particle is present (deuterotonic forms occur in pass.). In perf. deut. with root -derc- and perfective -com- (ad-condarc etc.). There is no special perf. form after conj. particles. Note also ad-rodarcar can be seen , Sg. 172a2 . In later lang. ad- (at-) is gradually replaced by do- and the conj. stem acquires inorganic f-, giving the forms do-chí, -faic-, both with b-fut.. In past tense the general independent form is ad-(do-) chonnai(r)c (from the perf.), the form after conj. particles -(f)ac(c)- (from the pret.), both with endings of the s-pret..

Early forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. atchíu, LU 4535 . adcíu (3 syll.), ACL iii 297 § 46 . atchim, Ériu ii 166.50 . -accu, MU² 1011 (LU). -acciu, LU 5347 . -accim, 6117 . With ro, -airciu, 6213 (? leg. -airchiu, GOI § 535b ). 2 s. adchí, Fél. Prol. 150 . atch, IT i 81.18 . -accai, Ml. 17b17, 25b14 . -aci, Sg. 15b6 ; Thes. ii 21.37 . 3 s adchí, Wb. 4a25 . adcíi, 12c11 . atobc, 25a26 . adcí, Sg. 149b6 . With inf. pron. 3 s. m. in rel. constr. asidc, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . -aicci, Ml. 94c3 . 1 pl. adciam, Wb. 6a30 ; Ml. 16c5; 112b12 . rel. adchiam, Ml. 42b22; 112b13 . With inf. pron. 3 s. asidciam, Ml. 2b4 . -accam, Ml. 111d1 . -aciam, Thes. ii 31.23 . 2 pl. atchíd, LU 9987 . -accid, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . 3 pl. adciat, Ml. 69b2; 103b13 . -acat, 93d14 . -aiccet, LL 13853 . Pass. sg. adcither. Wb. 1b15 . adchither, 12c12 . -acastar, 25b28 . -accastar, 26a12 . -aiccesdar (-aiccestar v.l.), ACC § 34 . (See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 488 and GOI § 609 ). Note also ad-rodarcar, Sg. 172a2 . Laws i 230.11 Comm. adroarcar, O'Curry 2294 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)a) . Pl. atchiter, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -aicind, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.84 . 3 s. atchíd, TBFr. 217 . With inf. pron. 3 s. in rel. constr. asitchid, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.16 ). 3 pl. atcitis, Mon. Tall. 147.14 (§ 52) . Pass. sg. atchíthe, LU 3452 ( SCC § 23 ). -aictea, RC xlvi 239.3 . Pl. atcítis, CCath. 873 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ad-cear, Thes. ii 293.6 . rel. atcheur, Ériu ii 89 § 2 . -accur, Fing. R. 95 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -aicer, TBFr. 21 § 22 . 2 s. -aiccither, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -aiccther, TBC-I¹ 1556 . at-ce-su, Ériu xix 12 § 6 . 3 s. -accadar, Wb. 16d6 . Ml. 53a6 . -acathar, 68b9 . 1 pl. -accamar, TBFr. 195 . 2 pl. adced, Wb. 11b22 . 3 pl. (unless pass. pl.) adceter, Ml. 3a4 . -accatar, TBFr. 294 . Pass. sg. adcethar, Ériu iii 104 § 39a . atcethar, vii 150 § 20 . -accastar, Ml. 50a5 . -accaister, LU 6889 . ?With ro: -arcastar, O'Dav. 109 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. atcheind, TBC-LL¹ 4142 . -accinn, Trip.² 2436 . 2 s. atchethe-su, Trip.² 269 . (with má) madattceththae, IT i 144.21 = madhcethea, ZCP v 501.34 . 3 s. adcheth, Ml. 38c9 . atchet, Ériu v 30.17 . -aiced, LU 3733 . -accad, 4616 . 2 pl. adcethe, Wb. 19b6 . 3 pl. adchetis, BDD² 446 . -accaitis, Ml. 32d12 . Pass. sg. adcethe, Ml. 77d8 . Pl. -aiccitis, BDD² 627 .

Fut. 1 s. ? -accus, RC xii 110 § 167 . 2 s. condas-chichi (sic leg.: Liphi, see GOI § 655 ), Ériu vi 122 § 6 . 3 s. ?dom-chich (domcife, cotomchichfea v.ll.), ACC § 143 ( RC xx 416 ). -accigi, Trip.² 1503 . 3 pl. at-chichset, Ériu iii 30 § 10 . -aiccichet, Trip.² 1841 . Pass. sg. atatchigestar, Ml. 59c12 . atchichestár, LU 2760 .

Cond. 3 s. atcichead, BDD² 125 . -aiciged, TBC-I¹ 813 = acciged, LU 5336 . 3 pl. adcichitis, Wb. 7a2 .

Pret. 1 s. -acca, IT i 120.24 . 2 s. -acca, Sc.M² § 11 . 3 s. adcita-acae, Tur. 60 . (see Thes. i 488 n. b ). -acae, Ériu ii 222.27 . -acce, BDD² 156 . -aicci, Trip.² 264 . -accai, 265 . 1 pl. -accamar, Mon. Tall. 148.6 (§ 55) . 3 pl. -accatar, Wb. 26b11 . Pass. sg. adchess, Wb. 23c11 . adchess, Ml. 96d1 . ? matcias, Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . -aiccess, Thes. ii 253.2 (Stowe Missal). -accas, TBFr. 258 . -acus, BDD² 238 . Pl. atchessa, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). -accassa, TBC-I¹ 1413 . -aicessa, LU 10058 .

Perf. 1 s. atchondarc, Ml. 113b6 . 2 s. atconnarcsu, LU 5142 = atcondarccaisiu, TBC-I¹ 659 . atchonnarcaisthi, Trip.² 223 . 3 s. ad-condairc, Thes. i 488.23 (Tur.) ad-chondairc, 493.21 (ib.). 1 pl. adus-connarcmar, BDD² 473 . 2 pl. adchondarcid, Anecd. i 43.z . 3 pl. atcondarcatar, Laws ii 326.13 . atchonnarctar, Trip.² 1017 . o'tchondarcatar, 2641 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. dochiu, Ó Bruad. ii 56.5 . dochim, ZCP vi 36.12 . -bhfaicim, -feicim, Acall. 6771 . DDána 6.6 2 s. dochi, CF 790 . -ḟacci, TBC-LL¹ 233 . -bhfaice, Keat. ii 5398 . -feicenn tú, ZCP vi 56.25 . 3 s. dochi, Lec. 185rb11 . -acend, LU 3988 ( SCC § 45 ). -fhaccend, MU² 640 . -faic, ZCP vii 303 § 11 . 1 pl. dochiam, PH 8130 ; DDána 26.2 . atchiamait, Acall. 5555 . atciamaid, BNnÉ 60 § 77 . dochímíd, DDána 54.12 . 2 pl. atchíthi, Anecd. i 35.78 . do-chíthí, TSh. 2818 . -facthi, MU² 947 . 3 pl. atcíat, Acall. 1562 . atchíd, TSh. 753 . adchiad, DDána 31.16 . dochíd, 17.12 . dochiat, SG 346.12 . -faicit, PH 7740 . Pass. sg. dociter, RC xlix 9 § 4 . -aicter, Lism. L. 495 . -bhfaicthear, Keat. i 82.21 . rocíter, Marco P. 42 .

Ipv. 1 s. nachataicim, Lism. L. 2297 . 1 pl. faiceam, DDána 119.28 . Pass. sg. faicthear, 60.37 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. do-chíodh, TSh. 4225 . -faiceadh, Dán Dé vi 30 . 1 pl. adcíadhmais, Duan. F. i 10.4 . -bfaicmís, O'Gr. Cat. 508.5 . 2 pl. -bfaicti, BNnÉ 67 § 103 . Pass. sg. dochíthe, Dán Dé xi 29 . -faicte, CCath. 897 . Pl. -faictis, ACL iii 224.y .

Subj. pres. 1 s. do-chear, -bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -faccur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 4061 . 2 s. -accara, PH 4960 . 3 s. -faccara, 6006 . -accera, RC xiii 440.18 . 3 pl. -acatar, PH 1352 . With active endings. 3 s. -faicea, PH 7402 . -facaid, Maund. 261 . 1 pl. -bhfaiceam, DDána 81.19 . 3 pl. -acat, TBFr. 21 § 22 . -faicit, Acall. 2246 , -fhaicet, PH 7678 .

Subj. impf. 2 s. -feictea, ZCP vi 87.29 . 3 s. atchised, TTr.² 641 . -bhfaiceadh, DDána 37.38 . 1 pl. -faicsimmis, RC x 92.10 . -faicmis, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . 3 pl. -faictis, IT i 175.10 . Pass. sg. ? -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 (perh. to be referred to ad-guid). -haicesda, Lism. L. 2302 .

Fut. and condit. Traces of the reduplicated fut. remain, sometimes with endings of the b-fut. The b-fut. is however the usual formation. With reduplication 2 s. atchicera, Fing. R. 118 . atíchera, PH 1182 . With ro: -aircechasa, LU 6098 . ? adidracacha, O'Dav. 123 . 3 s. atcichfe, Anecd. ii 27.16 . 1 pl. do chíchsiom , Content. xxii 22 . 2 pl. adachichisthi, TFrag. 180.8 . atichistisi, LB 223b19 . Pass. sg. atchichither, LU 3889 ( SCC § 40 ). -aicigther, 6119 (TBC). atcithfither, Acall. 5362 . Condit. 3 s. atcithsead, MR 112.6 . do chichsiodh , Desid. 2147 . Pass. sg. atchichesta, RC xlvi 239.5 . (See also Aithd. D. Gloss.). Without reduplication. 1 s. do chíeabh , IGT Introd. 28.15. (§121) . -aiciub, IT i 80.8 . -feiceab, ZCP vi 85.15 . 2 s. nodcífi, Ériu viii 123.1 . do-chífe, DDána 66.4 . atchífir, Keat. iii 2800 . dochifir, BNnÉ 82 § 164 . -faicfe, DDána 6.6 . 3 s. dochífe, TSh. 1089 . -aicfe, ZCP viii 332.24 . -acéb, LU 309 = ḟaiccbe, RC xx 38.14 . -faccéga (-aigfe, -faigfe, v. ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . -faicfe, Acall. 6310 . -faicfid, ZCP x 342 § 8. 1 pl. attcífem, ZCP viii 207.15 . -faicfeam, TSh. 8624 . 2 pl. dochífide, Dán Dé xxv 31 . -faicfide, Ériu v 242.166 . 3 pl. atchífit, BS 6.3 . docífitt, -ffaicfit, BNnÉ 267 § 235 . Pass. sg. atcífider, RC xxv 390 § 4 . -accfither, LL 14280 . -aicfider, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . dochífear, DDána 12.4 . Condit. 1 s. adcíthfend, Ériu iv 220.8 . 3 s. dochífeadh, TSh. 6056 . atchífeadh, 6008 . -aicfed, Todd Lect. vii 6.68 . 3 pl. dochífidís, TSh. 305 . -faicfitis, Ériu ii 134 § 115 . Pass. sg. itcífea, Ériu ii 198.9 . dacitfidhi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.30 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. atconnac. MU² 745 . dochunnuc, ZCP vi 29.2 . dochonnarc, TSh. 4298 . idconnarcos, ML 4.19 . -facca, SR 1336 . -faccu, TBC-I¹ 870 . -facus, Maund. 260 . -facadhas, Desid. 430 . 2 s. atchonnarcais, LL 13591 . adconnacuis, Lism. L. 1509 . daconncadais, ITS xiv 22.9 . atchonncais, Acall. 4612 . doconncais, 3320 . -faccais, 5143 . -facadais, Sc.M² § 11 . -acaghois, ZCP x 284.19 . 3 s. diconnairc, Ériu ii 15.19 . atchonnaic, TBC-LL¹ 3969 . rachonnaic, 2969 . -facca, 3374 . -faccae, 5099 . -facae, Mon. Tall. 155.11 (§ 67) . -facai, 135.5 (§ 22) . -facaid, 164.6 (§ 88) . -accaig, TBC-LL¹ 2827 . -agaid, Aen. 1396 . -facais, RC xxiv 196.14 . 1 pl. atchoncamar, LU 2331 . do choncamar , 3 C 19, 6 va17 . -facamar, Stair Erc. 2017 . 2 pl. atconncabar, PH 1711 . -facabar, 3360 . -faccabair, Acall. 5770 . 3 pl. atconncatar, Laws iii 168.8 Comm. dochoncatar, PH 6295 . -facadar, TBC-I¹ 311 . -acaiset, ZCP x 410.15 . Pass. sg. doces, RC xvii 416.30 . doconnarcas, ZCP ii 552.8 . atcondcas, Ériu iii 196 § 12 . do cunncus , RC xii 332 § 24 . ra condcas , TBC-LL¹ 2748 . -aices, -facas, IT iii 189.11, 12 . -accas, LL 14172 . -facus, Lism. L. 3804 . Pl. -facessa, TBC-LL¹ 5009 .

Vn. aicsiu, (f)aicsin, etc. IGT Verbs § 4 .

(a) sees, notices, observes: atobcí side `he perceives you', Wb. 25a26 . ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . do soí dond orient conaci a næscae, Thes. ii 21.37 . isin domnach atcess in cétna sollsi in lái. Ériu ii 198.1 . ranic iath nad adaig aiccesdar (aiccestar, accestar, acastar v. ll.) `he reached the country where night is not seen', ACC 34 ( RC xx 172 ). con-idn-acar ┐ co nidn-arladar that I may see him, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 . ni facaid deilb ┐ ni cumman lais ní do faicsin, Mon. Tall. 164.6 (§ 88) . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech do acsin, TBFr. 217 . nā tēig, co n-aiccther in frithi fonnuar-sa, TBC-I¹ 1556 . dorala . . . do M. condacaid aislingi, Trip.² 220 . amail boí sí and conḟacaig in lochtobur, RC vi 174.26 . ní confacus beó aéin neich diobh osin alle, AFM vi 2092.5 . do chibh mo Shlanaigtheoir maille rium, ITS xxix 185.3 . rí na ndúl cá chuin do-chear / an dún i bhfuil go bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . With various prepp.: arnachab-accastar as tír that you may not be seen from land, BDD² 435 . atcess immorro asin Temraig inni sin moreover that thing was seen from Tara, Anecd. iii 34.9 . telach ása n-acastar in tuath fri Luimnech antuaith, Trip.² 2412 . adcí . . . uad debrad na diadachta he sees in the distance . . . ACL iii 245 § 24 . ro-chidisium uathib . . . tigi arda, Celt. Rev. x 106.16 . Folld. by clause: atcondarccaisiu (atconnarcsu, LU) . . . indus imatiag-sa in lind, TBC-I¹ 659 . co n-aiced immar ita / in tech mór atchonnarcsá, LU 3733 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . With preposition indicating motion: co n-accatar C. . . . is' tech they saw C. coming into the house, Sc.M² § 15 . intan docunncus Fechín docum in dūnaid `when F. was seen coming . . .', RC xii 332 § 24 . atací in slóg cucu tarsa mag, TBC-I¹ 1440 . ó 'tchóndairc epscop Mél P. cuce día chairigud, Trip.² 982 . nir airigedur Cenel Conaill iat co facadur chuctha iat, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . Cf. an tan atchídís ag triall chuca é, Keat. iii 1591 .

(b) Of mental processes perceives, discerns, realizes: ma adced torbe inna thect `if you should see profit in so going', Wb. 11b22 . da faicea ainfhis . . . ann a múnad, PH 7402 . truagh nach bfacas libh bhar locht, Ir. Review 1912 472 § 11 . atchíu rogabsat ar clanna ililtiugud, ZCP viii 318.31 . mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuic / docím úaim nach indermaid looking back I perceive that the treatment I got with him . . . is not to be forgotten(?), Prolegomena 45 § 24 . do citer corob i cuis in fiabrusa dlegar do leiges ar tuis, RC xlix 9 § 4 .

(c) Pass. in sense of appears, seems (DO to): atchessa fiad lucht na netarnade comtis aige alta they seemed to those lying in ambush to be wild deer, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). ge daciter gorob maille Saturnus nan re . . . as comtrom a ngluasacht though Saturn appears to be slower than the moon their motion is equal, Ir. Astr. Tr. 114.16 . an tan bis an taer dorea tiugh ┐ docitear cum feartana e ┐ nach denann hi, 3 C 19 , 20 ra9 . atchíthe dó i n-aslingi innas ind ḟir no rígfaide and, LU 3452 ( SCC 23 ). is amlaidh doces do mac Gilla Lughan iat, RC xvii 416.31 . doces do muinntir co n-erbalus it seemed to people that I died, Todd Nenn. 210.4 . atcess dóib . . . múr na Rómae the wall of Rome appeared to them, BColm. 78.19 . atces doib tor oir for an muir, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.14 . do condcuss sin dó ina spiraid, gin go faca sé o suilib corpardha é, BCC 362.5 . mar do connarcas d'uaislibh Éireann an dochar do bhí ag teacht, Keat. i 66.19 . doconncus doibh a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . pecadh aga bhfaicther dhó maith éigin do bheith ann a sin in which it seems to him there is some good, Ó Héodhusa 181.5 . do connarcus don Pháirlement gurab annteasbach bídh ┐ éadaigh do-rin sin uile, PCT 1677 . Note also: is mar sin dociter Galen aga tuicsin so G. seems to understand it, 3 C 19, 219 ra14 . By extension seems good to (cf. Lat. videtur): cidh anaill atcither duit acht a marbad? what else seems good to you except to kill them? Anecd. ii 12.18 . créad fa bhfacas dhíbh . . . na braighde . . . do chongbháil i ngéibheann, Maguires of F. 55 . déanaidh mar chífighthear dhíbh, 74 . dochonnarcus do'n Spiorad Naomh . . . gan ualach do chur orraibh . . . (visum est Spiritui sancto, Acts xv 28 ) Eochairsg. 14.26 . do connarcus don ōigh . . . eachtra . . . in tsēipēil . . . d'foillsiughadh . . . don naomh-priōir `it seemed good to her to make known', Fl. Earls 114.33 . do-connarcas damh trácht ar éiclipsigh na gréine it seemed good to me to treat of eclipses of the sun, Corp. Astron. 152.4 . do chonncas dhúinn . . . an leabhrán-sa do sgríobhadh, Mac Aingil 50 .

(d) Occas. in sense of do-écci, fégaid: o do conncamair do leighiusaibh uilidhi . . . na ptisisi since we have treated of, 3 C 19, 129 vb23 . da facaid le feirg no le fich ar duine if he look angrily at, Maund. 261 .

ad-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cuirethar or dil.ie/409
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -athralor, -ralór, atlathar, it-ralai, -atralaid, -roláid, athrola, athralsat, doathlasat, athchuirid

v (* aith-cuir-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 499 ) subj. pres. 1 s. -athralor, BDD² 419 = -ralór, LU 6875 . Cf. atlathar dal, Laws ii 130.19 . 3 sg. it-ralai, BDC 124.315 . ? 2 pl. -atralaid, BDD² 417 = -roláid, LU 6874 . Perf. 3 s. athrola, O'Dav. 104 . 3 pl. athralsat, BDD² 428 = doathlasat, LU 6884 . Later as simple vb. athchuirid (in bardic verse athchraid), based on prot. stem and vn. athchor, q.v.

I Trans.

(a) restores, returns, transmits, entrusts: ?cofristacor aidchuirtis duaithis form gl. insultantes obiecirent, Ml. 118c3 (text prob. faulty, see note and Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 500 . Perh. to be referred to II). In the follg. three exx. probably pass., but cf. intrans. use below: adcuiretar (adcuirethar, MS) do hógi `they return to integrity' (of the elements in a compound), Sg. 73b2 . adcuireddar doláni `they return to completeness', 202b3 . is tre ḟír ḟlathemon ad-mórchatha crícha cu námat curetar great battalions are despatched to the territories of enemies(?), ZCP xi 81 § 11 . taítsi co n-atralaid for ndíberg im thírsea come and wreak again, BDD² 417 = conod roláid, LU 6874 . atomcuirethar sūas dó as mo ethar `raised myself up', MacCongl. 87.20 (impers. use?). adcuired suás a sceith, LL 167b54 . cur athcuir a amsaine ac ri B., RC v 200 § 13 `took military service with', Ériu i 184 . o'n aidchi ra h-athchuread Eriu ar h-au A. since the night when Ireland was committed to the keeping of, MR 110.1 . ro athchuirset da urchur . . . eturru exchanged two shots, 254.16 . madh fir fheib atralaid / mo riar[a] gan dermat / bidh leo a righe . . . `if they render as due honour(?) my dues', Misc. Hag. Hib. 28.17 . basseadh díoghal dobert Dia foraibh cecib cruth atrala `however it came to pass', AFM vi 2252.9 (cf. do-cuirethar). doratad crech . . . / conid-atharla Lugaid (sic leg., Corr.) `a raid was made . . . so L. made reprisals', Metr. Dinds. iii 202.30 , v p. 134 . achraidh sí an grás sul ghuidhthir she bestows grace before it has been prayed for, DDána 24.18 .

In Laws of the return of a fief (see 2 rath, turchrecc): cen anfolta flatha fora n-athcuirther to whom is given back (Thurn.), ZCP xiv 386 § 51 ( Laws ii 318 ). in tan is é in grad flatha . . . do rat itir rath dia céli athcuirid seic co seotu, ┐ athcuiridh comarba for comarba gen seoto returns . . . transmits(?), O'D. 1636 (H. 5.15, 18a). rath éirneis aire tuisi do aire árd, ní athcuirither co n-athcuirither comorbo for comarbo . . . ní athcuirither co tormala saoghal cach ngraid for araili, O'D. 2231 ( Nero A vii, 154b ), cf. 1635 (H. 5.15, 17b). Of a child: mac adchuirthur for fine n-athur a child which is returned to its father's `fine', SM Facs. 56a ( Laws v 198.5 ). ben slethe .i. ní fitir cia for a nathcuirfeadh (i.e. on whom she should father her child?), O'Curry 2006 (H. 4.22, 31). Note also: da fagha sé duine ar a ndenaigh a hathcor . . . athcuire[d] (of a sick wife), O'Curry 2308 ( Eg. 88, 23b ). Glossing fris-cuirethar: tri neichi . . . na firathcuired na comedaidh orba, gl. nad[f]rithrolat, SM Facs. 17a ( Laws iv 212. 14 Comm.).

(b) removes, expels, rejects: indmus manaig adcuirithear o [e]aclais, Laws v 430.x . intan ro atcuirius a sidh for in senadh rejected, CCath. 5043 . intan rohath[ch]uired asa deacht é `when he had been divested of his godhead', TTebe 2319 . athchuiris uad an sleig hurled, 4501 . ro athchuir cloidhemh an rígh uadha `resigned the King's sword', AFM v 1418.20 . as i sin adhaigh . . . ro h-athchuirid na h-ainfessa when ignorance was set aside, MR 100.9 . nír hachradh cách ó chridhe (: athchar) none have been driven from His heart, Aithd. D. 71.35 . atlochar don Rí adrala `who repulsed it', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 63 .

? secip ní atcuire sind dib-línib ro-s-cluineb-sa in ni sin `whatever thing he shalt ask of us both', PH 1430 .

II Intrans.: ath-ralsat . . . dochum nÉrenn they returned BDD² 428 = doathlasat, LU 6884 . co ro athcuired doridisi cusin corp that he should return, FA 31 (LB) = co n-igsed ar cúlu, LU ( IT i 192 ). intan adcuirtís inna fochlói when they returned to their caves, RC ix 474.19 . is inn adcuirethar thither he returns, O'Mulc. 320 . ro athchuir Ua C. a cendus Oirghiall, AFM ii 1102.6 .

2 ad-cumaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ad-cumaing or dil.ie/412

Forms: -acmai, -acmaicet

v A verb (*ad-com-icc-) distinct from 1 ad-cumaing (*in-com-icc-) seems indicated by the vnn. accmaing, tacmang (q.v.).? ath cumaing cach deistidh dithle, O'Curry 2497 ( Eg., 40(41)c ). Prot. forms rare. Cf. subj. pres. 3 s. -acmai, O'Curry 58 ( H 3.18, 21a ) (bad spelling of -ecmai (1 ad-cumaing)?). Indic. pres. 3 pl. cia ro acmuinget mic a cain cluiche, 1585 (23 Q 6, 1 a) (deriv. of acmang? Bad spelling for ecmainget?); -acmaicet, 468 (H. 3. 18, 246).

Reaches, extends to, attains to: amail atcumaic in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi sic adcomaic airechas in grādha so dianad ainm clí, Corm. Y 275 (= Corm. p. 10 ), cf. Laws iv 358.23 Comm. mad sligi adcumaid (leg. adcuma, ZCP xviii 326 ) ó thír co flaith, Laws iv 278.18 . ? cid duine ada drochma, O'D. 1975 ( Eg. 90, 9(10)a ) (?ada-d-ro-chma, Plummer MS. notes). roth n-óir isin brut . . . adcomaic húa smech cóa imlind, LU 7361 ( BDD² 1000 ). flesc . . . adcomced midlisse in tige, 8736 . atcumaing .i. rainic, ut est Táin; atcumaing iarum Cu Chulainn an abhann, Ériu xiii 64 § 39 . ?uair atacumang sa sein uile `thou art able (to do) all that' (lit. attainest to?), CCath. 4056 (cf. con-icc).

ad-daí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-daí or dil.ie/416

Forms: astoither, astói, astua, astuat, adsuíthe, ad-suíthi, asuidhead, astui, adsu, astui, adh-soi, fadádh, adádh, fodachadh, fadachadh, foidechadh, faidechadh, attaíseom, atáid, ataidh, atoidh, -faduigh, attáit, -atāither, -ḟadaigther, ado, ataid, atád, -ataithe, -ardu, árdó, addaidi, nohaduigthea, atafat, ataites, ataífed, rofadáidhis, ataís, ro-addai, adannaí, roatái, rataí, roadáidh, fadaighset, hatód, rohatád, faidiged, fadoidheadh, ra-ataith, rahatdáit, adaidhi, atai, adaigthe

v (* ad-do-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 507 ) kindles, lights , usually with accus. of teine. In old texts also ad-s-, -ast (with metathesis) under infl. of soïd turns (see Thurn. ZCP viii 64 ). Indic. pres. pass. setir ┐ astoither oc imfolung ind oír, Ml. 38d18 (see GOI p. 497 ). 3 s. act. coich in macan astói , RC vi 188.9 . ? ni hai labar astua leten a tuasluichte, O'Curry 2022 (H. 4.22, 48). 3 p. astuat tenid cairthind ann, Cymmr. xiv 120.7 (attáit, v.l.) Impf. pass. adsuíthe, LU 7000 = ad-suíthi, BDD² 584 . Cf. asuidhead .i. do adhnadh no do lasadh, O'Cl. astui debaid itir na macu, Ériu xii 146.y (TE2. See ZCP xxii 15 ). Pret. adsu, LL 4791 = astui, Rawl. 84a23 . adh-soi, ZCP xvii 266 . The frequent forms with -ó-(-á-) in second syll. are also due to the infl. of soïd. Later also with inorganic f- and inflected as deriv. in -g-. fadádh, adádh, etc., IGT Verbs § 64 , fodachadh, fadachadh, foidechadh, faidechadh, § 106 .

Indic. pres. 3 s. attaíseom, TBC-LL¹ lxv 5 . atáid, MacCongl. 63.5 = ataidh, 117.20 . atoidh, RC xiii 5.17 . -faduigh, DDána 58.1 . 3 pl. attáit, Ériu iii 140.187 . Pass. s. -atāither, Corm. Y 1234 = -ḟadaigther, Corm. 43 . Ipv. 2 s. ado, Aen. 865 . 2 pl. ataid, LL 287a10 . Impf. 3 s. no atád , Dinds. 62 (RC xv 460). Pass. -ataithe, O'Mulc. 149 . Subj. pres. 3 s. -ardu, BDD² 286 (leg. árdó, Notes) = -árlór, LU 6777 . Impf. pass. naro addaidi , Trip.² 442 . nohaduigthea, Lism. L. 270 . Fut. 1 s. atafat, Anecd. i 22.13 (adaigfetsa, v.l.). Rel. ataites, LL 287b46 . Condit. 3 s. no ataífed , Trip.² 443 . Pret. and perf. 2 s. rofadáidhis, RC xxv 394.29 . 3 s. ataís, LU 6277 ( TBC-I¹ 1775 ). ro-addai, Trip. 42.8 = adannaí, Trip.² 451 . co roatái , Metr. Dinds. ii 42.11 (leg. rataí, Gloss.) roadáidh, Hugh Roe 60.11 . 3 pl. ro fadaighset , RC xxiv 196.9 . Pass. sg. ra hatód , MU² 862 . rohatád, LL 300b31 ( SG 371.27 ). do faidiged , Fianaig. 70.32 . do fadoidheadh , Keat. i 112.17 . pl. ra-ataith, CRR 24 . rahatdáit, LL 219b12 ( TTr. 170 ). Part. adaidhi, BB 426a35 . atai, Laws i 36.29 Comm. adaigthe, MR 216.13 .

Vn. atúd.

Figurative applications: adh-soi cridhe cern̄ fri gnima, ZCP xvii 266 . Of emotions, etc.: a báidh ón ḟuilsi do hadódh, IGT Verbs ex. 529 . an t-eineachsa is é fhadós, Magauran 4018 . mh'agaidh as é ros fadoig caused me to blush, IGT Verbs ex. 923 (faduidh, v.l.) With FO: cia nach faduigh fúithei-si (of the fire of God's anger), DDána 58.1 . fa thuinn feirge go bhfadó, Aithd. D. 8.43 . faideochuidh misi faoi `I will entice him', 2 Chron. xviii 20 . Cf. fadóigh faoi, brosdoigh `entice him', Eg. Gl. 304 .

ad-daim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-daim or dil.ie/417
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: atadomu, atmu, addoimim, -atmaisu, addaim, at[a]im, -ataim, atamaid, ataimet, atndaimet, -atamar, adaimter, atmaid, admha, atnóimed, addomed, atma, ma[d]-damut, a[d]-da(i)mthur, att maither, adrat(h)mae, madrodma, adrogma, adrodma, -ardama, rodmaiter, adrodmaitis, atom-didmae, adndidma, aideb, aitemha, -aidemtha, ademad, -atamar, atamur, addámir, atdámuir, atamatur, adrodamar, adro[da]marsu, -árdamarsu, adrodamair, -árdámar, -ardamair, atramair, adrodamnatar, adrodat, adrodat, -ardat, adrodmad, adrodamas, at(a)maid, ataimid, atmaigid, aititiu, atmáil, atmaithe

v Indic. pres. 1 s. atadomu `I acknowledge thee', RC xxvi 52 § 289 . atmu, TBC-I¹ 409 . addoimim, Mon. Tall. 159.26 . 2 s. -atmaisu, Acr. 10d1 ( Thes. ii 4 ). 3 s. addaim, Mon. Tall. 141.19 . at[a]im gl. confitetur, Ml. 42b26 . -ataim, ZCP xiv 381 § 44 ( Laws ii 308 ). With inf. pron. at naim, O'D. 570 ( H 3.17, 440 - 1 , O'Curry 2421 ( Eg. 88, 33(34)a ; atnoim .i. fulang, 2019 ( H 4.22, 37a ). 1 pl. atamaid, O'D. 1604 (H. 5. 15, 11a). 3 pl. ataimet, Ml. 131d16 . atndaimet (with inf. pron.), Críth G. 279 . Pass. sg. -atamar, Laws v 314.11 . adaimter, 284.30 . Ipv. 2 pl. atmaid, LU 4663 ( TBC-I¹ 201 ). Cf. 2 s. admha (from subj.), A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 9 . ?Impf. 3 s. atnóimed, Metr. Dinds. i 6.16 (leg. addomed, Gloss.).

Subj. pres. 3 s. mani atma , ZCP xiv 382 § 46 ( Laws ii 308 ). slan dineoch adamae, O'Curry 66 (H. 3. 18, 24b). 3 pl. ma[d]-damut, ZCP xiv 373 § 36 ( Laws ii 286 ). Pass. a[d]-da(i)mthur, ZCP xiv 378 § 41 (sic leg. xv 239 ). att maither, Mon. Tall. 133.2 . Perfective. 3 s. adrat(h)mae, O'Curry 65 (H. 3. 18, 24a). madrodma, SM Facs. 19a ( Laws v 384.5 . ). Cf. adrogma, iv 104.24 , adrodma, O'Curry 25 (H. 3. 18, 11a). -ardama, Ériu xii 144.12 . Pass. pl. mad rodmaiter , Laws iv 212.2 . Impf. pass. pl. adrodmaitis, O'Curry 879 (H. 3. 18, 394a).

Fut. 2 s. atom-didmae, Fél. Ep. 494 . 3 s. adndidma, Imr. Brain § 51 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. with stem aitém-: 1 s. aideb, Leb. Gab.(i) 96.3 . 3 s. aitemha se, O'Curry 1447 (H. 3. 18, 646a). Condit. 2 s. -aidemtha, LB 141b12 . 3 s. ademad, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.14 .

Pret. 2 s. -atamar, SR 1406 . atamur, O'D. 1604 (H. 5. 15, 11a). 3 s. addámir, LU 10930 . atdámuir, 10954 . 3 pl. atamatur, TBC-I¹ 2920 . Perf. 1 s. adrodamar, Acr. 28a2 ( Thes. ii 9 ). 2 s. adro[da]marsu, 7a1 ( Thes. ii 3 ). -árdamarsu, 10c2 ( Thes. ii 4 ). 3 s. adrodamair, Trip.² 1714 . -árdámar, LU 10735 . -ardamair, 9171 . ? atramair, Leb. Gab.(i) 274.14 . 3 pl. adrodamnatar. O'Curry 69 (H. 3. 18, 25a) = Ériu i 214.6 . Pass. s. adrodat, ZCP viii 314.1 . The form atroat .i. aititnighit, O'Dav. 114 = 154 may be for adrodat (supra). Cf. also Laws i 156.26 Comm. -ardat, ZCP xv 320 § 13 . O'Dav. 1301 (see Ériu xii 200 ). adrodmad, Laws iv 100.8 Comm. (cf. O'Dav. 114 ). adrodamas .i. rodaimed, Auraic. 135 (adrodmus, v.l.).

From the mid. Ir. period on as simple verb at(a)maid, ataimid, atmaigid, with fut. stem aitém- and s-pret.. See also aitit(n)igid. IGT Verbs § 68 .

Vn. aititiu, later atmáil. Part. atmaithe.

(a) acknowledges, admits, concedes, confesses: issamlid atadaimet cia chrechtnaigthi nathir mani eple de `they recog- nize them', gl. ei admovent (sic leg.), ut pangat, colubra; cum pupugerit, si de genere sit, uiuere, si non sit, mori, Sg. 181a5 . glé lim atom-didmae `that Thou wilt acknowledge me', Fél. Ep. 494 . adndidma F. mac n-dóu `F. will acknowledge him as his own', Imr. Brain § 51 . atndaimet do thoísiuch, Críth G. 279 `they acknowledge him as leader', notes. adtaimet immac do Etarscel they acknowledge him as son of E., Ériu vi 135.58 . uair atodaimet fir h-Erend úasaib ar allud. LU 8815 ( FB 61 ). secht n-aile . . . nad usa adrodmaither a ratha sureties for which are not easily agreed upon (?), Laws v 270.14 . —gaib it láim mo fáesom . . . —atmu, ol C., LU 4896 ( TBC-I¹ 409 ). atdaim nafoeige, SM Facs. 46a `one adopts what he does not disallow', Laws iii 8.y . ma'd-rodma fine, ZCP xiv 381 § 44 ( Laws ii 308 ). atamatur a moirseiser made the like avowal, TBC-I¹ 2920 . ní árdámar A. dó (i.e. the reason for his illness), LU 10735 (TE). ni ro-ataim in topur d'fagbail `did not confess that he had found the well', RC xxiv 198.11 . pennit dib linaib . . . conidatma nechdar de, Ériu vii 158.32 . admaim mo clodh d'O. I acknowledge ny defeat by O., Fier. 72 . admhuighis ríoghan na hAlban gurab í máthair Bhranduibh do rug Aodhán, Keat. ii 6358 . cia admhas m'anamsa accepts(?), Dán Dé iv 1 . gach duine . . . admhuigheas . . . teagasg . . . Iosa Críosd `professes', Donlevy 392.23 .

(b) consents to, accedes to, grants, allows: adrodamair láim Patraic do gabail ar Choirpre allowed P. to be taken captive, Trip.² 1714 . atdámuir Mongán fobith a énech granted (a request), LU 10954 . adrodamnatar Pátraic ┐ fir Érenn . . . a buith samla[id] agreed that it should be so, Ériu i 214.6 . co nach nadmadh nech a rādh / coimes (sic leg.) aigi is Crīst so that none need allow it to be said that he is in rivalry with C. (one of the reasons why man is not permitted to know the length of his life), ZCP vii 301 § 5 . atdamam pennait forainn we are prepared to do penance Lism. L. 2166 .

(c) avows, reveals, makes known; declares: atmam `we declare', ZCP viii 272 § 63 . ni fuighthear aoinneach . . . aiteumhus nach urusa . . . who will assert, MS. Mat. 575.21 . gach comaoin . . . aideomhaidh `will declare', PBocht 25.25 . do adaimh sníomh na nedh nóir / an fedh do chóidh ó chígh chuain showed how far he had travelled, Rel. Celt. ii 226.3 . addamhat combaoi fíon . . . leó, Hugh Roe 8.8 . sul do aidéumhadh ēinpheacadh dhīobh (of confessor who is entrusted with sins of others), Parrth. Anma 2932 . Cf. atmad .i. abradh, O'Dav. 12 .

ad-eirrig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-eirrig or dil.ie/426
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aitherrach, aithirge

v (* ath-ar-reg-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 593 ).

(a) repeats, reiterates: aderrigsom forsanimchomarc fodí repeats the question twice, Ml. 46a21 . aderriussa gl. adieciam super omnem laudem tuam, 89b3 . atherracht ind co fo trí he repeated it thrice, Laud 610, 117b . nir aitherracht béim do bun chraind díb acht óenbéim co claidiub, LU 9063 ( FB 81 ). Cf. nir aitheraig beim riam do neoch acht oen beim, Cog. 188.26 . roaitherechtha uili limsa they were all re-made by me, Ériu iv 134.16 . quicquid iteratur . . . .i. gach ni athairrigthir, Auraic. 729 = cach ni athraigther, 3485 . Perhaps also in the following: dian ceis imitecht adreis riarra fri ollam nairidhi, O'Curry 1606 (23 Q 6, 5 a) = O'D. 535 ( H 3.17, 432 ). adreis .i. aiterrach, ut est Madnai do tes adres anai adgnai in cach oen bliadain adres .i. aitherrach in aithne, O'Dav. 120 . mad eirr (leg. ma ad-eirr?) ind aithgin iar tres cinud . . . .i. madia naitrigh no madia nairghe cin do denumh. Laws ii 188.9, 11 Comm. = dia naithrighe, O'Curry 2369 ( Eg. 88, 28 (29)d ). Cf. ZCP iv 348 . ? olliarraid a derigar altrum darese araile, Laws ii 176.1 . With prep. I N- in sense of relapsing into sin (possibly in this idiom *ath-ess-reg-): ma atheirr ind = si iteraverit, Ériu vii 146.5 . inge nād n-aithersed inn but that he should not relapse into it, ZCP x 47.10 . cenibad in olc naill naithirsed unless he should fall into some other sin(?), Laws i 10.6 . Cf. aithéirgid.

(b) changes. In O. Ir. glosses in sense of changes for the better, emends, improves: aithirgid bésu diandaithirsid ón isindeseircc . . . rigthir cuccuib, Wb. 9a23 . dúus indaithirset `if perchance they may repent it', 30b30 (see note). intí adeirrig treprecept do `he whom he brings to repentance', 22c2 (`der sich bekehrt', Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 593 ). atanneirrig gl. qui nos . . . emendat, Ml. 114d10 . robu cho adersetar gl. uel emendentur, 30d11 . arna aithirrestar gl. ne . . . emendetur, 32d13 . Cf. no-s-atherraig as a ulc, PH 5583 . mani aithir `if he does not amend', Ériu vii 162.17 . Hence changes, alters in general: ni aithergem na duile, Alex. 884 . ro hathirged a pell fo B. `was readjusted', Cog. 198.22 . nír aithearraigh aigneadh, IGT Verbs ex. 831 . créud far haithearraigheadh . . . saoire an tSathrainn ar an nDomhnach?, Parrth. Anma 2664 .

Vn. aitherrach. aithirge.

See 1 aithrigid, aithirgigid(ir), athairgtar and IGT Verbs § 84 , §106 .

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