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do-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-beir or dil.ie/17216
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: do-ucc, do-bert, do-rat, tuicsiu, tabair, taber, tabar, taibred, tabrad, taibrem, tabram, taibrid, taibrith, tabraid, taibret, tabrat, dobiur, dodasbiur, doberim, thabur, nis-tabor, dubir, dobir, dobere, tabair, dobeir, dober, tabir, tabair, doberam, taibrem, thabrum, d-a-berid-si, doberat, doberait, fuantaibret, thabrat, doberad, dobertis, do-m-beirtis, tabratis, doberae, taibre, toibre, thobri, dumbera, taibrea, thobrea, tibri, doberum, donberaid-si, doberthi-si, tabraid, du-m-berat, dusmerat, thabrat, dubertha, doberthusa, doberad, taibred, taibreth, doberthe, dobéer, dobér-sa, tiber, thibér, tiubér, thiubar, doberae, tibéræ, dos-mbéra, thibre, tibrea, tiubrae, dobérat, thibreat, dobēraind-sea, tiobhrainn-si, tibartha-sa, tiubharta, domberad, nandatiberad, tibred, nachis-tibred, dobérmais, tibrimmis, tiubhrumais, tiurmais, do-sm-bérthe, tibertais, nis-tibritis, tiuradais, do-m-biurt, dondmbiurtsa, dobert-sa, dobirt, dobertais, dobert, dubbert, tobert, contubert, contubart, dosbertar, do-s-bertatar, tubertatar, tubartadar, dobertsat, dobreth-, dobreth, dobretha, dobrethsat, tabarr, taborthar, tabraiter, doberr, dober, do-berar, duberar, doberair, tabarr, tobarr, tabar, dobertar, tobertar, tabartar, doberthe, dobertha, tibirthi, dubertis, dobertis, doberthar, do-m-bertar, dopartar, tabarthae, tabarthe, dubertis, dobertais, dobérthar, dubérthar, tibérthar, bērtar, tibertha, tibertais, dobreth, tobreth, tubrad, tabrad, tobrad, dobretha, tabart(h)ae, tabarthi, tarti, tartat, tardatis, tart-sa, dord-sa, tartar, conas-tarddur, tarttai, durata, dorata, tarta, condarta, tharda, fris-tarddam, dorattid-si, tartaid-si, tharddaid-si, doratat, conda-tardat, condartin, condardad, tarddad, thardad, tartaitis, doratus, doratas, tharddusa, tartus, doratis, doratais, duratais, duratis, donrátais, dartais, tharddais, dorat, doratastur, tarat, tarat, condadarat, tard, doratsam, doratsamar, tartamar, daratsid-si, doratsaid, thardsaid, doratsat, doratsatar, tartsat, tardsat, conda-tarsat, tartsatar, ní tartisset, doratar, dorattar, tartar, condartar, dorataiter, ndartaiter, tarta, tartha, doratad, doradad, doratath, tartad, dardad, tardad, dorata, doratta, tarta, tuic, tuic, do-n-uc, tuc, tucaid, tuicet, dofuci, do-t-tucai, duduccai, tucait, dofuctais, conos-tuc, conda-tuc-si, conda-tucc, tucar, tuicce, tuigi, tucair, tuca, tuccas, conos-tucam, thucaind, nacha-tucad, conna-tuctais, do-n-uccus-sa, tuicais, dofucais, rothucais, tucais, do-n-uic, du-n-uic, d-a-uic, duuic, duic, tu-n-uic, tuicc, tuic, tuic, da-uc, duuc, tuc, doḟuc, domfuc-sa, doruc, rodatuc, tucastair, tugasdair, dofucsam-ni, da-b-ucsum, tucsam, tucsam, tugamar, tucsaid, tucsabair, du-nn-ucsat, dofucsat, tucsat, tucsatar, tucthar, con-ducthar, thuicter, duccatar, tuctha, ducad, tuccad, tucad, tuiced, fofuctha, tucait, do-ucci, tucu, dofuca(a)im, tuicim, do-sn-ucci, dusn-ucai, dorucai, tuicci, thuccai, tucci, tucai, tuice, do-uicim-ne, tuigmít, dofucaid, do-nd-ucet, thuccat, thucat, thuicit, tuigit, tucad, tuctais, tuicce, condid-tucce, tucca, do-nd-uccam, tucid, -tuccid, conducaid, nis-tuccin, dos-fucad, rothucad, condid-tucmis-ni, tuicfe, tucfa, dofucfa, tucfa, da-ucbaid-si, tucfait, nodafucfad, dofucébad, tucus-su, rothuic, thuiccestair, tucsid-si, do-tuicetar, tucsat, tuicset, duucthar, dohucthar, tuucthar, tucthar, tucatar, tuctar, du-n-ucthar, conducthe, tuccfither, dofuicfind, tuicti

v (* to-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 469 ), gives, places; brings, gets . The perfective forms are supplied, in the meaning gives, places , by *to-rat-, in the meaning brings, gets by *to-ucc-; in later lang. the perf. do-ucc (tuc) gradually takes the place of do-bert and do-rat and is sometimes used to gloss the two latter, cf. tard .i. tug, O'Cl. Forms of *to-rat- are, however, permissible in bardic verse, see IGT Verbs § 14 . The perfective *to-ucc- (lit. can bring ) also forms a complete paradigm without distinction of perfective and non-perfective forms, with the meaning understands (later tuicid) the vn. being 2 tabairt later replaced by tuicsiu.

Ipv. 2 s. tabair, Ml. 27c12 , 87d12 . taber, Thes. ii 250.16 . tabar, TBC-I¹ 1482(LU) . 3 s. taibred, Wb. 22b7 , 12 . tabrad, PH 6017 . 1 pl. taibrem, Wb. 13d15 . tabram, PH 3757 . 2 pl. taibrid, Wb. 16c17 . taibrith, 6a20 . tabraid, Corm. Y 323 , PH. 3 pl. taibret, TBC-I¹ 2980 . tabrat, PH 6137 , etc.

Indic. pres. 1 s. dobiur, Wb. 14a20 . dodasbiur, Anecd. ii 16 . doberim, PH 2764 , etc. ní thabur , Sg. 179a4 . nis-tabor, 204b5 . 2 s. dubir, Ml. 105d4 , 110d13 . dobir, Thes. ii 249.1 , 2 , 3 . dobere, -i, PH 1777 , etc. ní tabair , Ml. 63c13 . na tabrai, SR 848 . 3 s. dobeir, Wb. 21a13 . dober, 14b15 . TBC-I¹ 62 , 71 (LU), etc. ni tabir , Wb. 14b15 . ní tabair , Sg. 214a5 . 1 pl. doberam, Wb. 13b15 . ní taibrem , 15c9 . ní thabrum , PH 2070 . 2 pl. d-a-berid-si, Wb. 24c16 . 3 pl. doberat, Wb. 15b2 . PH 1135 . doberait, PH 2652 , etc. Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.10 , etc. fuantaibret, Ml. 45a3 . ni thabrat , PH 1952 . Impf. 3 s. doberad, TBC-I¹ 279 . 3 pl. dobertis, Ml. 54c30 . do-m-beirtis, 90d17 . co tabratis , PH 6290 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. doberae, Ml. 106c1 , cf. 94d4 . ni taibre , Wb. 29a22 . ni toibre , a20 . mani thobri , ZCP viii 313.4 . 3 s. dumbera, Ml. 40c21 . ceni taibrea , Ml. 93a9 . mani thobrea , Wb. 4c20 . nā tibri , SR 1659 . 1 pl. doberum, PH 5819 . 2 pl. donberaid-si, Wb. 16c9 , cf. 8d21 . doberthi-si, PH 5785 . ní tabraid , Wb. 6c1 . 3 pl. du-m-berat, Ml. 40c21 . dusmerat, Mon. Tall. 144.14 . ni thabrat , Corm. Y 1059 . Impf. 2 s. dubertha, Ml. 130d15 . ma doberthusa , Anecd. iii 30 . 3 s. doberad, Wb. 32a12 . mani taibred , Ml. 35c26 . arná taibreth , LU 11025 . 2 pl. cia doberthe , Wb. 15d8 .

Fut. 1 s. dobéer, Wb. 12c35 . dobér-sa, TBC-I¹ 185 . SR 2885 . da tiber , TBC-I¹ 2301 . ní thibér , SR 842 . nach tiubér , Imr. Brain i 67.12 . ní thiubar , Ériu i 93 . 2 s. doberae, Ml. 44a20 . in tibéræ ? 77a16 . 3 s. dos-mbéra, Wb. 13b30 . ni thibre , PH 7950 . Corm. Y 698 . ni tibrea , TBC-LL¹ 3502 . nach tiubrae , BNnÉ 309.27 . 3 pl. dobérat, Wb. 6b27 . TBC-I¹ 1133 . mani thibreat , TBC-I¹ 2980 . Condit. 1 s. dobēraind-sea, TBC-I¹ 824 . nach tiobhrainn-si , MR 284 . 2 s. co tibartha-sa , Imr. Brain i 63.15 . co tiubharta , 68.16 . 3 s. domberad, Ml. 108a5 . nandatiberad, 97d10 . na tibred , LU 3171 . nachis-tibred, Thes. ii 341.37 . 1 pl. dobérmais, Imr. Brain i 69.20 . PH 7233 . na tibrimmis , CRR 33 . ni tiubhrumais , Ériu iii 158 . nach tiurmais , Acall. 5675 . 2 pl. do-sm-bérthe, Wb. 19d24 . 3 pl. día tibertais , LU 3448 . nis-tibritis, RC iii 175.11 . co tiuradais , ZCP vi 276 .

Pret. 1 s. do-m-biurt, ZCP iv 43.4 . dondmbiurtsa, TBC-I¹ 3556 . dobert-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . CCath. 1702 . 2 s. dobirt, Ml. 56a13 . dobertais, TBC-LL¹ 1105 , 1621 . 3 s. dobert, Ml. 23b10 ; 58c4 . TBC-I¹ 326 , etc. dubbert, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 241 ). tobert, TBC-I¹ 655 . Fianaig. 24.4 . contubert, Hib. Min. 77.19 . contubart, Thes. ii 242 . 3 pl. dosbertar, Tur. 128 . do-s-bertatar, TBC-I¹ 912 (LU), 1788 . tubertatar, IT i 137.11 (LU). cu tubartadar , TBC-I¹ 3069 . dobertsat, Alex. 5 . CCath. 3255 . AFM 1172 , etc. In Mid. Ir. the passive dobreth- (see below) is somet. used to supply act., 3 s. dobreth, TBC-LL¹ 674 , 1930 , 1958 . dobretha, CRR 8 , 53 . FB § 38 . LU 10168 . TBC-I¹ 2210 , 2212 . TBC-LL¹ 101 , 468 , 655 . 3 pl. dobrethsat, TBC-LL¹ 1315 .

Pass. ipv. s. tabarr, Ml. 104b2 . na taborthar , ZCP vii 311 § 14 . pl. tabraiter, TBC-I¹ 1471 (LU). Indic. pres. s. doberr, Wb. 3c1 ; 28c4 . dober, Ml. 56b11 . do-berar, 60b19 . TBC-I¹ 1160 . duberar, Ml. 105d6 . doberair, PH 2161 . dia tabarr , Wb. 17a3 . Corm. Y 32 . ara tobarr , Wb. 12d29 . forsa tabar , Ml. 54a2 . pl. dobertar, Wb. 10d20 . tobertar, Ml. 25b6 . ni tabartar , 101d6 . Impf. s. doberthe, Ml. 115a14 . Wb. 10d16 . dobertha, Corm. Y 391 . intan na tibirthi , CCath. 1496 . pl. dubertis, Ml. 89a2 . dobertis, Tur. 110c . Corm. Y 48 . Subj. pres. s. doberthar, Wb. 13a3 . TBC-I¹ 1579 . pl. do-m-bertar, Ml. 45b5 . cia dopartar , Todd Nenn. 216.13 . Subj. impf. s. ceni tabarthae , Ml. 40d20 . trissa tabarthe , 36a1 . pl. dubertis, 84c9 . dobertais, 90a14 . Fut. s. dobérthar, Wb. 16a13 . dubérthar, Ml. 72d18 . ni tibérthar , Wb. 18b11 . pl. intan dum bērtar , Ml. 69b1 . Condit. s. dia tibertha , FB § 90 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 159 . pl. ni tibertais , Ml. 15c7 . Pret. s. dobreth, IT i 131.8 (LU); 138.15 (LU). Hy. v 85 . tobreth, IT i 130.23 (LU). hi tubrad , Hy. i 3 . co tabrad , TBC-I¹ 1637 . ni tobrad , 1536 . pl. dobretha, TBC-I¹ 3072 . TBC-LL¹ 2587 . ZCP viii 312.21 . Part. tabart(h)ae. Verbal of necess. tabarthi. Vn. 1 tabairt.

Perfective forms.

A From *to-rat-. Indic. pres. 3 s. manid tarti can give, Ml. 51b7 (see GOI p. 345 ). 3 pl. ni tartat , Thes. ii 2.32 . Impf. 3 pl. nad tardatis , Ml. 85d5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ara tart-sa , Wb. 14d17 . meni dord-sa , Rawl. 156b20 . co tartar , Ériu v 240.129 . conas-tarddur, TBC-LL¹ 943 . 2 s. co tarttai , BNnÉ 302 § 10 . 3 s. durata, Ml. 57a13 . dorata, ZCP vi 266 § 10 . arna tarta , Wb. 11b18 . condarta, 28b31 . ni tharda , SR 2727 . 1 pl. fris-tarddam, Thes. ii 293.19 . 2 pl. dorattid-si, Wb. 16c11 . dia tartaid-si , Ml. 83b11 . ni tharddaid-si , LL 279a31 . 3 pl. acht doratat , Mon. Tall. 141.16 . conda-tardat, Ml. 131d16 . Impf. 1 s. condartin, Sg. 209b26 . 3 s. condardad, Ml. 77a7 . co tarddad , SR 2836 . muni thardad , TBC-LL¹ 4310 . 3 pl. co tartaitis , TBC-I¹ 1461 (LU).

Perf. 1 s. doratus, Wb. 8c6 . SR 1866 . doratas, Trip.² 1056 . ni tharddusa , RC iii 185 . dia tartus , Ériu vii 219.13 ( LL 209b ). 2 s. doratis, Ml. 56a15 . doratais siu, 43d18 . duratais, 56b24 . duratis, 80b2 . donrátais, SR 1756 . in dartais , SG 415.11 . ni tharddais , TBC-LL¹ 484 . 3 s. dorat, Wb. 4b10 , etc. doratastur, ZCP vii 320 . nícon tarat , Ml. 36a1 ; co tarat , SR 2193 . condadarat, TBC-I¹ 1875 (LU). dia tard , SR 2811 . 1 pl. doratsam, Wb. 13d15 . LU 2331 . doratsamar, 2333 . tartamar, ZCP viii 213.27 . 2 pl. daratsid-si, Wb. 24b21 . doratsaid, LU 2326 . ni thardsaid , 2345 . 3 pl. doratsat, Ml. 115b8 . SR 3664 . LL 256a43 . doratsatar, SR 3508 , 3401 , etc. ni tartsat , Wb. 24b20 . LL 254c23 . na tardsat , CCath. 5119 . AFM i 16.13 . conda-tarsat, Ériu iii 141 . co tartsatar , Hy. v 53 Comm. ( Thes. ii 340 ). ní tartisset, Wb. 1b17 . Pass. subj. pres. s. doratar, Rawl. 107b17 . dorattar, Anecd. ii 32 . Lism. L. vii 28 . ara tartar , Wb. 15a19 . condartar, 20c24 . pl. dorataiter, IT iii 53.3 . co ndartaiter , Trip.² 1294 . Impf. s. ara tarta , TBC-LL¹ 1547 . mani tartha , BColm. 88.14 . Perf. doratad, Wb. 4a18 . doradad, 23c16 . doratath, Sg. 7b18 . ara tartad , Ml. 90a7 . con dardad , 98b8 . forsa tardad , 80d4 . SR 6251 . pl. dorata, Ml. 54c17 . LL 282b7 . doratta, SR 6745 . nad tarta , Ml. 40a13 .

B From *to-ucc- (in meaning brings ): Ipv. 2 s. tuic, Tec. Corm. § 18 . na tuic , Wb. 10a30 . do-n-uc, ZCP iv 42.16 ( TBFr. 283 ). tuc, TBC-I¹ 1333 , 2287 , etc. 2 pl. tucaid, LU 8197 . TBC-I¹ 323 . 3 pl. tuicet, LU 7873 ( BDD 145 ). See ZCP xxiv 123 - 4 . Indic. pres. 2 s. dofuci, LU 1558 . do-t-tucai, IT i 208.21 . duduccai, Ml. 27d23 (see, however, GOI § 678 ). 3 pl. tucait, IT i 226.30 (LU). Impf. 3 pl. dofuctais, SR 4524 . Subj. pres. 1 s. conos-tuc, SR 1665 . conda-tuc-si, TBC-I¹ 1589 . conda-tucc, 464 . tucar, Imr. Brain i 67.23 . 2 s. dia tuicce , TBC-I¹ 1580 (LU) = tuigi (YBL). da tucair , ZCP vi 272 § 7 . 3 s. dia tuca , TBC-I¹ 1589 . rel. tuccas, SR 2384 . 1 pl. conos-tucam, SR 3979 . Impf. 1 s. mani thucaind , TBC-I¹ 798 . 3 s. nacha-tucad, Ml. 125b7 . 3 pl. conna-tuctais, SR 5651 . Perf. 1 s. do-n-uccus-sa, Wb. 30a11 . 2 s. tuicais, Ml. 56a13 . dofucais, TBC-I¹ 3385 . rothucais, Ériu iv 138.18 . tucais, ZCP viii 109.24 . 3 s. amal do-n-uic , Wb. 10d37 . Ml. 16b12 . du-n-uic, d-a-uic, Ml. 118b6 . duuic, 84c24 . duic, 25d18 . tu-n-uic, 51c26 . tuicc, 98c11 . tuic, 30c5 , etc., Wb. 21d1 . ni tuic , Wb. 23a10 . Ml. 51d2 . da-uc, Ml. 38c1 . duuc, 36c1 . tuc, 40c17 . Wb. 24b25 . doḟuc, SR 7296 , cf. 4426 , 5179 , etc. domfuc-sa, Ériu iv 140.3 . ? doruc, ZCP vi 28.18 . rodatuc, TBC-I¹ 3584 . tucastair, TBC-I¹ 2495 . tugasdair, Todd Nenn. 32.14 . 1 pl. dofucsam-ni, RC iii 185 (LL). da-b-ucsum, Lism. L. 3825 . tucsam, SR 6319 . ni tucsam , Wb. 29b14 . tugamar, Ériu i 22.105 . 2 pl. tucsaid, TBC-I¹ 1320 (LU). tucsabair, 2492 (YBL). 3 pl. du-nn-ucsat, Ml. 92d1 . dofucsat, SR 5041 . tucsat, 1360 . TBC-I¹ 42 . tucsatar, Metr. Dinds. ii 100.5 , etc. Pass. indic. pres. s. ni tucthar , Wb. 27d22 . Subj. pres. s. con-ducthar, Sg. 200b13 . mani thuicter , TBC-I¹ 1239 . pl. in duccatar , Wb. 9b19 . Impf. s. co tuctha , SR 6567 . TBC-I¹ 1331 . Perf. s. ducad, Ml. 56c11 . tuccad, Wb. 24b26 ; 28a3 . tucad, Sg. 202b8 . SR 3289 , etc.; dia tuiced , Wb. 12b12 . pl. fofuctha, SR 3263 . tucait, CRR 13 , TBC-LL¹ 65 etc.

Vn. 1 tabairt.

Forms of do-ucci understands. Indic. pres. 1 s. hi tucu , Thes. ii 293.25 . dofuca(a)im, PH 1792 . tuicim, 1779 , etc. 3 s. do-sn-ucci, Wb. 22c1 . dusn-ucai, Ml. 42c12 . ? dorucai, SR 7983 . tuicci, Wb. 12c26 . air thuccai , Ml. 42c8 . ni tucci , Wb. 12d6 . ní tucai , Ml. 42c7 . tuice, PH 2369 . 1 pl. do-uicim-ne, PH 750 . tuigmít, ib. 2 pl. dofucaid, SR 7984 . 3 pl. do-nd-ucet, Wb. 8a14 . ní thuccat , 12c20 . ní thucat , 15a34 . thuicit, PH 7300 . tuigit, 7738 . Impf. 3 s. cona tucad , SR 2763 . 3 pl. tuctais, Ml. 125d13 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ara tuicce , Wb. 28d7 . condid-tucce, 30a19 . 3 s. ara tucca , 27b27 . 1 pl. do-nd-uccam, 24a22 . 2 pl. ara tucid , 32a3 . -tuccid, 21c11 . conducaid, 21a8 . Impf. 1 s. nis-tuccin, Wb. 12d25 . 3 s. dos-fucad, SR 3228 . arna rothucad , Trip. 396 . 1 pl. condid-tucmis-ni, Wb. 20d17 . Fut. 2 s. tuicfe, PH 2037 . 3 s. tucfa, Wb. 12d12 . dofucfa, RC xxv 248 . ní tucfa , Wb. 12d3 . 2 pl. da-ucbaid-si, Wb. 21c12 . 3 pl. tucfait, RC xxv 248 . Condit. 3 s. nodafucfad, RC xx 134 = dofucébad, LU 386 (ACC). Perf. 1 s. ní tucus-su , Ml. 91c1 . 3 s. rothuic, PH 4437 . nír thuiccestair , BNnÉ 323 § 33 . 2 pl. ní tucsid-si , Wb. 12a3 . 3 pl. do-tuicetar, BCC 127 . ni tucsat , Wb. 15a32 . nad tuicset , 15a29 .

Pass. indic. pres. s. duucthar, Ml. 51c24 ; 55a10 . dohucthar, Sg. 210a4 . tuucthar, 42c2 . ní tucthar , Wb. 12c46 . pl. ní tucatar , Wb. 12c43 . nad tuctar , Ml. 112d7 . Subj. pres. s. du-n-ucthar, Ml. 79d2 . Impf. s. conducthe, Ml. 51d1 . Fut. s. ni tuccfither , Wb. 8a5 . IGT Verbs § 71 .

Vn. 2 tabairt.

I

(a) gives , with DO of recipient (somet. with dat. inf. pron.); glosses Lat. dare, Ml. 25b12 , Sg. 163a3 , 209b26 . ní cuinginn is doberainn, Tec. Corm. § 7 . ni tobair ní i n-aiscid he never gives anything as a gift, Lec. 460c47 . ba ferr lin dobertha oldaas a bith tarngire I had rather it were given than constantly promised, Mór M. 262 . cen co tucaind ar áis, doberaind ar écin, TBC-LL¹ 150 , cf. 132 . duine is mō dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus i nErind, RC xvii 407 . más for óin doratadh in fearann if the land has been let for hire, Laws iv 132 Comm. doberae maith tar æsi n-uilc, Ml. 106c1 . doronus dóibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne . . . ni tardad dúas dar a héisi, ACL iii 296 . dobēr . . . otha mo glūn co m'imlinn I will give my love, TE § 10 . dotberae eislis he will treat thee with contempt, Mon. Tall. 142 (for constr. see KZ xlviii 48 ). donbert ingantas mór méd a delba his size inspired us with great wonder, Ériu iv 138 . nicon fail ina sealba ní nā tibre dam, Corm. Y 698 . cia chondesin far súli, dosmbérthe dom, Wb. 19d24 . doradsad mōr do maith do they had shown him much kindness, TBC-I¹ 3542 . a n-ōl meda dí dobreth (.i. tucad), Hy. v 85 . dobeir pōic di gives her a kiss, RC xxiv 198 . duber-som ainm claidib donaib briathraib he gives the name of sword, Ml. 77a2 , cf. Sg. 156b6 , Wb. 20c24 . doratsat fir nÓlnécmacht in riastartha do anmm do C[h]oinc[h]ulaind gave the name . . . to C., TBC-I¹ 1455 . ni tardsad cís nā cāin dōib, Todd Nenn. 72 . gach manach nach tiubrae | a edbairt don ecclais, BNnÉ 309 . dobēra in prímfáidh nemh d'anmain gach aoin, Duan. F. i 10 . ni tardai do rūn do mnāi tell not thy secret to a woman, Anecd. v 9 . ba Patric dubert baithis du C. who baptized C., Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). doratta duit . . . do guide thy prayers are granted, Thes. ii 318 ( Hy. ii 50 Comm. ). dobert R. altugudh buidi do Dia, BS 4 . dorattar doibh an bennacht, Anecd. ii 32 . go nach dtiobhraidh aon neach ceannas dá chéile not one will yield supremacy to (i.e. come short of) another, ML 6 . do Dia doberat edil offer prayers, Corm. Y 513 . cia freacra dobērad an t-eicsine dō, 825 . dind fortacht durat Dia do, Ml. 40b8 . nach tiobhraidh foidhide do neach will not show patience, TSh. 9038 . cid ara tarat in bēist . . . onoir do Brigit, Hy. iv Pref. dobēr-sa do breath fēn duid I will give thee thy own award, Lec. 156c38 . úar na tabrai rēir d'Adam thou dost not obey, SR 848 . cid bé ainder mná dobéra toil don fhior gráid shall love, SG 47 . cia doberad eolus dam-sa co Mag R.? who would guide me, MR 276 . dorad failti do ḟileadaib welcomed, Lec. 286b5 . ní tart termann do Themraig gave not protection, Metr. Dinds. i 26 . ni tharad (tharat, LU) menmain do thuus na conaire paid no heed, TBC-I¹ 233 . nā tabhair h'aire doib heed them not, BCC 190 . cidh tuc duit-si mh'aithne-si? how dost thou know me?, BS 138 . mor . . . in dimiad tuc mac mo mathar damsa, Lec. 613b6 . deargruathar Tuathail . . . sochaidi da tuc imned, 590a10 . dobertsat a milid frit[h]bert amnus dosum, CCath. 3255 . amail . . . na tard tograim nā toruighecht do mhacaibh Israel did not give chase to, Leb. Gab.(i) 200 . ni thucsat claonadh don scēl they did not distort the affair, Fl. Earls 62 . dobert buille don c[h]ip struck, Corm. Y 690 . dobertsad frais d'[ḟ]ōidib doib hurled at them, Lec. 617a24 . tucsadar dāil bāis don rig, 603a14 . tucsat d'Assal écomnart, Metr. Dinds. iii 280 . doratsatar féin dond ríg | a ndoíri gave themselves up as slaves, SR 3405 . thug iad féin do chraosól gave themselves up to drink, Eochairsg. 3 . dobreth ingen Fhoraind dó was given to him (in marriage), Todd Nenn. 230.1 . ni rag-sa, inge mad doberthar Findabair dam, TBC-I¹ 1244 . With vn. or subord. clause as obj.: tucsamar dó . . . labrad remonn we have yielded him (the right) of speaking before us, Ériu iv 108 . tuc do cach thúaith beith cen síd, Imr. Brain ii 301 . tabair do na dóinib cu rafhógnat daitt, PH 7914 . surrenders, gives up: co tucsat in cathraig, ZCP i 398 . tucsatt an barda an baile, AFM v 1846 . In extended sense: cid dobir na cōic seōtu do eneclann in boairech? what causes?, Laws iv 308 Comm. itchonnarc-sa fén hi . . . ┐ dobēr co follus duib-si hi I will make it plain (cause it to be plain), PH 100 . tuc in péist fiacail do (i.e. bit him), SG 252 . tuccadh droch-cuit d'Ua R. don mhígníomh sin a share in this misdeed was ascribed to O'R., AFM v 1826 . d.¤ teist: combad sissi doberad teist dimsa who should bear witness of me, Wb. 18a3 , cf. 15d8 (but: dobiur teist n-airi, 14a20 , cf. 28b31 ). d.¤ cath, etc. gives battle: dobéraind-sea cath do Choncobair, LL 254a22 . tobert tress ndó, Fianaig. 24 . tucatar in gleo . . . dá chéile, SG 271 . doberar in cath i ndorus ind lis, Anecd. v 15 . buadach in tres tucsabair, SG 37 . By analogy: is na flaith tucad in Tāin, Lec. 363b29 . conad impi tucad Tain Bo Fliguis, 387a38 . Cf. further: thugadar dóibh a Fán . . . gur romhuidh ar Ghallaibh they gave battle to them (cath omitted?), Ériu i 78 . d.¤ grád, etc. DO: ni taibrem seirc donaib rétaib frecndaircib, Wb. 15c19 . mairg dobeir seirc do duni, SCC 44 ( IT i 224 ). dorat Ossin gradh mór dind ingin, RC xiii 9 . co tabraitis na lenaim fuath di used to hate her, SG ii 457 . d.¤ . . . do (dia) aire, etc. takes heed: ni thartsat dia n-airi a n-ebairt in drui, LL 254a23 . is tabartha do airi indus in cheneoil the character . . . must be observed, TBC-I¹ 327 . tren doratus do menmain, SR 1866 , cf. 1945 . ní tarat F. do mod sain paid no heed to that, SG 405 . a ben trebar dos-beir mod his prudent wife is astonished, ScM. 3 (see 1 moth and ZCP xxii 29 ). dobeir di óid aní sìn he gives heed to, LU 9826 ( PRIA xix 532 ). an tan tucsat dia n-uidh e when they noticed it, AFM vi 1898 . Saúl ná tabair d'eislis do not overlook S., SR 6110 (see éislis). do thuatha fadéin tuc dot réir ar tús, KMMisc. 260 . Cf. phrases d.¤ aire, menmain, réir do quoted above. Cf. thug sé a dhaoine don chloidhiomh put . . . to the sword, Psalms lxxviii 62 .

(b) do-beir fri = d.¤ do; orig. FRI is used to introduce object or final purpose of action, cf. ind lēire doratsam fri sechim gníme, Wb. 13d15 ; ni fris tarddam ar n-athius, SP ii 3 ( Thes. ii 293 ); in ingen . . . nochostibrea re cétluth, TBC-LL¹ 3502 . Later indicating recipient: cia risa tibre theidm? to whom wilt thou deal ruin?, RC xx 12 . bean fris tabar coibche . . . ┐ fer dobeir coibche mor fri baidsig, Laws iv 56 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 116 ). dobert-som cairdi friu-som granted them a truce, TBC-I¹ 2899 . dobretha ratha fri Laigniu, LU 9797 . a ratha dorat fri Laigin . . . co tart-som gréin ┐ esca friu, MacCarthy 396 . doberim bríathar ris, Fianaig. 82 (see below (j)). dobreth a fír fer fris he was given fair play, Ériu iii 137 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn, TTr.² 1803 . dobheirim buidheachas re Dia, Donlevy 434 . trom, trén . . . fris tibhre a fhercc, BNnÉ 35 . The follg. might equally be referred to II: doratad crích fri Mumain, Metr. Dinds. iii 202 . dobert drumain di fri cech cóiced he assigned a ridge of it to every province, Ériu iv 152 .

(c) dobeir (ní) ar gives in exchange for, pays for: amal bid lōg mór dubertha erru, Ml. 130d15 . tuc ar Ioseph . . . trichait leth n-unga n-argait, SR 3151 . is ed lóg doberar ar sáerad in domnaig, Ériu ii 196 . nitad tabartha bui duit ar dartaib thou must not give thy cows for strippers, TBC-I¹ 2856 . dorattsat a milettacht ar miodhlachas exchanged their warlike spirit for cowardice, AFM vi 2298 .

(c 2) do-beir ar makes for, attacks : tuc cóic droch-bachlacha duba | ar tairrsech mo thigi 'five bad malevolent churls made for the threshold of my house' Celtica xxv 23 § 3 .

(d) dobeir (ní) i n-, id. (with notion of compensation or retribution): dobértar dá boin 'sa mboin ┐ dá cháirigh 'sa gcáeirig two cows shall be given for one, Fianaig. 72 . is í eraic doradad ind, Corm. Y 690 . inní doberar isin ní fogeilus . . . what is given for that which (the animal) consumes, Laws i 270 Comm.

(e) do-beir uad gives, gives away ; in Mod. Ir. ó with the reflex. pron. is used when the recipient is not expressed; in older lang. somet. accompanies DO and recipient, e.g. dorat Ianothán . . . huad a heirriud do Dauid, SR 5933 ; tabraid uaib airmitiu glan | dom chomdeilb-si, 1823 , 2881 . dorad Ioseph aichni uad orrtha, YBL 64a45 . dobered huadi-si imchomrac na mac bethad, Mon. Tall. 150 . tabhair cúntas do ghabháltais féin uait, TSh. 229 . dobheirit imat almsan uaidibh, Fl. Earls 100 . an tan mhallaighthear sinn, do bheirmaoid ar mbeannachd uáinn, 1 Corinth. iv 12 .

(f) d.¤ immach gives out, gives away, dispenses: int aenmacc ríg . . . is mō fuair ┐ tuc amach, ZCP viii 111 . nech thinóilfios ó fheraib Eirenn immuig 'na tibra-sum immach, SG 400 . cion do chur i nDruim Lethan | do rioghaibh . . . ni thiubar amach go brath I will never concede, BNnÉ 288 . in éiricc dobéra duine amach, Laws i 76 Comm. dā nōi [mbliadna] dorat smacht amach exercised sway, Lec. 44b40 . dlegur an diet do tabhairt amach nisa mó (= alimenta copiosiora sunt exhibenda), 24 P 3, 73.8 .

(g) Of an author cites, adduces: ní tabair desimrechta hic , Sg. 214a5 . tobertar desmrechta . . . dia rēlad, Ml. 25b6 . is do thucad exemplum for this an example has been cited, Sg. 77b5 . in testimni donucsom riam, Tur. 39 ( Thes. i 486 ). ni tucsam dind lín-sin | acht ríga na sluag-sin we have mentioned only the kings, Fél. Ep. 31 . húare nad tucus acht aní rupu thascide I have set down [in my book] only what was necessary, Thes. ii 225 . dobir in brethem cosmailius don chaingin ima fuiglither cites a parallel case, Corm. Y 611 . it mathi na dūla dorata and the elements which have been mentioned, LL 282b7 . ? dobheirid sgrioptúir . . . dá áitiughadh they quote Scripture to prove it, Eochairsg. 107 .

(h) yields, produces:? caera dona caeraib dobert trefuilngid fora craeb, RC xv 419.19 . nicopé lán-torath dobéra, ZCP xi 94 . ionnus go dtiubhradh sibh toradh, John xv 16 .

(i) utters, pronounces (oft. folld. by ar (ós) aird): dobert a srém caurad asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1781 . tug A. a ossnam ass, TE 7 (Eg.). dobeir a mairg eisti she laments, SG 254 . dorad a guth n-ard bur aird, ZCP viii 553 . na gáre dosbertatár ar aird, TBC-I¹ 1783 . tugsat gáire . . . ós aird, Fianaig. 88 . doberat nāi ngrecha . . . os ard, RC xiii 6 . go ttug G. osnach éccomhluinn ós áird, ML 138 . dusrat gach aon scret ┐ eigem . . . os aird, Fl. Earls 140 . ag tabhairt a dhocra fein os aird, BS 90 . In absol. constr. (obj. being the statement follg.): imtusa na nGrec doberar os aird it is reported, TTebe 1714 . iomthusa Eoghain, dobhearar ós áird, ML 116 . dāla mac Milead immorro, dobearar os aird . . . dobrisidur cath, etc., Lec. 568a17 . a thabhairt ar aird cia dorinne, IGT Introd. § 1 . cach ní . . . na tuc ar aird which he had not made known, Laws i 208 Comm. Cf. na leabhair sin . . . tuigidh ar aird ma táid libh produce them if you have them (?), Content. xviii 31 .

(j) d.¤ bréthir (luge, etc.) promises, (swears): is andsin dorad Fergus in lugu-sa, TBC-I¹ 3546 . doberim mo breithir . . . conad taesca, etc., RC xxiv 198 . is mór in briathar-sa dobheir an laech that is a mighty vow the warrior makes, CF 139 . dorat a minna took his oath, Fl. Earls 132 . dorat Dauid a theist . . . nā roaentaigset fria mnai swore, YBL 297a33 (cf. CCath. 6154 : dobertis testa an talman do lucht a ḟiadnaisiu they would call the earth to witness). With transference of obj. to thing sworn by: nā salaig ainm do Dia .i. nā tabair d'éthech he do not swear falsely by him, PH 7626 . ná tabhair ainm Dé gan fath, Ó Héodhusa 125 . tabhair an Céolán nár ghoid tu an chulaigh swear by the `Ceolan' (name of a bell), Ériu v 98 . dobhér dhó . . . grian ┐ easga, ML 104 (cf. exx. quoted under (b) above). acht cheana tuigim-se na dei nar-ua cedughud dom vadein I swear by the gods, TTebe 2031 . ná tabhraidh neamh . . . ná tabhraidh an talamh swear not by heaven . . . by earth, Matthew v 34 , 35 ; xxiii 6 . With transference of obj. to statement sworn: tucc E. dá bhréithir . . . nach béardaois, etc. E. pledged his word, ML 134 . doberim dom bréthir ris, Fianaig. 78 . dobermáit dár [mb]reithir, SG 241 . dobeirim fám' breither . . . go ndigeolainn, MR 278 . tugas féin fóm' bréithir nach diongnainn . . ., ML 114 .

(k) d.¤ bréic, etc. imm deceives: na taibred cách úaib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . bréc dorat in ben imond the woman has deceived us, IT i 132 . ní tartat sensus breíc im anmin the senses cannot deceive, Acr. 5d5 ( Thes. ii 2 ). na comarthadha na tardsat breicc immum riam, CCath. 5119 . co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1461 . dobera muin n-immi he will be taken in, IT i 144 . See also s.v. 3 muin and muinbech. Different constr. in TBC-I¹ 1595 ( LU 6067 ): dober (leg. doberr) brēc imon n-ingin who is beguiled about the girl (?).

(l) d.¤ agaid (cúl, druim, etc.) turns: nach fuil nech dobera a agid formsa who will face me, CRR 44 . dorat a agaid fri muindtir neime, BColm. 70 . ná tabair cúl dot chétmhóid turn not your back on your first vow, O'Gr. Cat. 402 . nach tug cúl re béim a bíodhbhadh, Ó Bruad. ii 264 . tuc a druim re grian do ┐ a bél a n-airde, CF 358 . nā tabrad a druim fria Ríg, BColm. 100 . na tabair lāim frim do not resist me, SR 3182 . doberat a lām fri hEtail they skirt the coast of Italy, Aen. 137 . dorad a láimh ndeis re dúnadh righ he left the fortress . . . on his right, BS 100 . contardad tóeb fri muir keeping along the sea, Fianaig. 36 . óc in mac . . . dober bond ri Banba ṁbind `who sets foot on Banba's soil', Ériu vii 224 . ní thard troig teichidh ré n-uathad ná ré sochaide he never fled, SG ii 487 . dobeir tóib fri (do) trusts: fri corpthadid doberat Iudai tóib, Wb. 15b2 . ná tabair toeb fri Saul, SR 5956 . is trén an tigerna | rise-tabram taobh, ZCP viii 203 . See taeb. dobeir láim ar (fo) takes in hand, sets about: thug C. lámh ar imtheacht, ITS i 140 . nistibrea liaig laim fom leiges-sa, PH 423 . mór in feidm fa tucais laim, MR 202 . olc in gnímh fa tucus laimh, ZCP x 415 . Note also: tucsat lámh co foiréignech inn they laid hands on him, SG 30 .

(m) With expressions of time spends: taréis a n-aimsire do thabairt dona hAlbanachuibh after the Albanachs had completed their term of service, ALC ii 406 . tucatar in chétsel don oidche re hól . . . tucatar in tres shel re suan, SG 268 . . . . iarla ná tug bliadhain dá shaogal acht ag snoidhe a chnám, etc., O'Gr. Cat. 565 . gearr an seal thugsad fa chion, Content. v 106 . In later lang. folld. by ass: tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach, Fianaig. 52 . dá fheabhas dobhéara duine a bheatha as, TSh. 33 .

(n) With various other nouns: i maigin hi tabair th'úal (= ubi mingis), Thes. ii 248 . dobeir [an gerrán] a mún ann, SG ii 484 . dobérat huili a coibsena will make confession, Wb. 6b27 . co tarat cach díb a chobais dia cēle, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). is ris doberead a comairli with him he used to take counsel, Ériu v 236 . dobēram comairli fair-sin we will take counsel on that matter, RC viii 152 . acht int hé na tibri cert who does not deal fairly, SR 1659 . senad sruithi . . . dofuctais recht is canóin who used to deliver (promulgate), 4524 . fer dobered mór ndeg-breth, Metr. Dinds. iii 36 . na hécóire dobertha i taoib araile díob the foul play that was being practised towards, SG 325 . tucsat a bfeidm i n-einḟeacht `made their attack', MR 272 . ? doradadh sin in gnim do geallus doib the dead . . . has been accomplished, ZCP x 303 . o dorat Mártain ní i ḟertaib when M. had done something in the way of miracles (?), RC iii 392 = Lat. Lives 92 . tuc airrdhe na croiche, 94 (perh. taris is understood). a chēim co imthréith ni thard never took a feeble step, LL 140b50 . nach tug céim ar gcúl i ngroidghleo, Ó Bruad. ii 52 . ba hé luas ind ērma do-n-ucsad iar mBregaib the course they made, TBC-I¹ 675 . tuc se leim assan luing, BCC 195 . tucsat a rith robalc | in chonart the hound-pack bore its impetuous course, Metr. Dinds. iii 408 . ní roan don ruathar sin tucustair, Ériu v 242 . tucsat na siabra side made an onset, Metr. Dinds. ii 66 , cf. AFM vi 2114 . rathaigis in slog indas in toichime dombert (i.e. noticed his gait), TBC-I¹ 2939 . tugastair tulgad don mhanaois gave a thrust of the spear, ML 88 . tuccsat a ttaisbenadh fein don dá tighearna sin showed themselves to those two lords, AFM vi 2080 . mairg mathair dorad m' idhna who suffered birth pangs for me, CF 97 . intan dorata na etarnaidi ara chinn ó Loegaire when the ambuscades were laid for him, Hy. vii Pref . ( Thes. ii 354 ). ní tuc urcor n-imraill riam, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . dobir Colmán . . . tí da bachaill makes a circle with his staff, BColm. 62 .

(o) causes, brings about, effects: cid dober th' orfailtius? CRR 18 . fer . . . rodatuc for longes who caused your exile (?), TBC-I¹ 3584 . ní heasbaidh eoluis . . . tug don choirneach mo chrostáil that caused the tonsured friar to censure me, Ó Bruad. ii 208 . tuc mh'eg it has caused my death, BS 26 . súaill nach ttuc mh'oididh, 28 . iarfaidh Dia fort gach aon tucais a malairt (but perh. = i m-malairt?), RC xxxiv 312 . dorat imarbaigh hi tig Guaire, Ériu v 26 . doratsat creidemain gur uo firbriathra . . . gach ar chan in senóir `these showed that', Fl. Earls 128 . dorad Conn sneachta mór tre draoidheacht, Keat. i 116 . a cumuilt don cend ┐ dobeir in folt it promotes the growth of the hair, 24 B 3, 97.3 . Freq. in pass. in sense of occurred: Finachta .i. snechta fína thucad ina ḟlaithius, Lec. 445b9 . noco tucad cith cruaid clochshneachta, MR 236 . tuccadh ár Laighen, 110 . Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: gorab e secrān eagna tuc an baramail sin da tabairt, Ir. Astr. Tr. 30 . cred dober gan comlann éinfir d'ḟagail do?, CF 449 . dober sin nech gan beth dub nā gel, 24 B 3, 103.7 . fiarfaigid Ipocras cad dober gurob faidi an aimser, etc. asks why the time is longer, 23 P 10, 17a30 .

(p) Folld. by adj. or equivalent as complement of pred. makes, renders, causes to be: dosrat inna ligu laid them low, Hy. ii 62 Comm. fer . . . | dober in cosmail cach leirg who renders every slope the same (?), TBC-I¹ 71 . cid donrat samlaid? what has made him so?, CRR 1 , 2 . ri dosrat . . . indara huair blāith . . ., ind uair aili ainbthechae who has made them (the winds) at one time calm, at another tempestuous, SR 93 . dobheir mé duilbhir doirbh, Ériu i 95 . Clann Morna fa líg 's fa lecht | tugais comlomm thou hast brought to bareness, 16 . cid dobeir gan mnái tú?, Ériu iii 152 . domrat Dia cen derbráthair, SG 58 . tug teinn tréith mé, O'Gr. Cat. 527 . intan tucad máthair í when she conceived, SG 391 . dobeir deghdatha í gives it a good colour (the face), O'Gr. Cat. 191 . tug sé minlinnte ina muir, 451 . don tréad tug mo rádh bréagach who have given the lie to my word, Ó Bruad. iii 142 .

II Puts, places, sets: co tarat il-láim na cumaile put it into the c.'s hand, Hy. v 72 Comm. dobertatar in lucuirp luibe do-som ina cluasa(ib) `gave him herbs (to put) in his ears' (put herbs in his ears?), Ériu xvi 38 § 4 . tucad a tosuch fo diu[d] its beginning has been put at the end, Sg. 202b8 . doridne Dia in talam ┐ tuc muir ina thimchell, Lec. 527b12 . dorat in cloidem triasin mbrat ran the sword through the cloak, RC ii 388 . doberait a tri sligi trit, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tugsat Saxain sceana eturra ┐ a m-maelana hid knives in the soles of their shoes, Todd Nenn. 102 .

Frequent with prepp.

(a) with FO: tarat a bragait fon cungai (of a horse), Hy. v 55 Comm. ( Thes. ii 341 ). ? maccán sē mbliadnae déac intan dobreth fo déraib, ii 3 ( 308 ). loscset dún Cláre . . . tucsat fo thenid etrocht, LL 27b9 . rí dosrat fo thalman tói, Metr. Dinds. ii 40 . dosmbéra fo chumachta in maicc, Wb. 13a30 . ni hed domthabair fo grād which confers dignity on me, SR 3301 . dorad iathu Erenn . . . fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186 . dosfug fo baithis ┐ creidim, Todd Nenn. 78 . dosrat fo chlaidiub, SR 4148 . mór do ros-gaibh ban mbáidhe | doradus fo eccaoine have I made weep, BS 130 . ni fuath . . . tug fúm aigneadh athraightheach `that has given me a discontented mind', KMMisc. 242.15 . dorat Dia fo a menmain had inspired them to do it, SR 3704 . dorat Duid bindius foaib (of psalms), Hib. Min. 156 . tucadar dá chapall . . . futha mounted two mares, Imr. Brain i 68 . dobir a anail fóithib, Trip.² 597 . mairg fa ttabhraid mna menma on whom women set their fancy, BS 112 . d.¤ fo dera, see fo-fera.

(b) With FOR (and accus.)

(i) of local relations: intan dobered nech a mēr for a ētan, Corm. Y 48 . roradsat T.D.D. temheal forsan gréin, BB 32a52 . fri hōl . . . dobertis na lestair-si forsna tibradaib, Corm. Y 48 . Eremon fēn dorad fōt furri buried her, Lec. 569a33 . co tarat a tech forthu knocked down the house upon them, Ériu v 212 . tucsat a curach fursan muir, KMMisc. 322 . co tarat fein teinid fair set fire to it, Anecd. iii 34 . doberthar F. for a deisreth let F. be placed on his right, TBC-I¹ 1579 . doratad cumrech forru they were put in bonds, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). dorigni tech ┐ ní tardad (thárrad, v.l.) simin tuga fair, Trip.² 1816 . tabraid-si ar bur menmain bear in mind, CCath. 5142 .

(ii) With vnn. etc.: tucad for altruim he was put out in fosterage, SG 391 . far ṅDia do forfuc for brath your God has betrayed you, SR 4679 . tuccastair an baile for a cumus placed . . . in his power, BNnÉ 264 . dobert a máthair Corc ar faesum na hamaidi placed C. under the protection of, Lec. 443a32 . cidh rottuc ar gealtacht thú? what has driven thee mad?, BS 102 . co ttucsat misi ar fáoineal ┐ ar foluamhuin, ib. cenco tucad grian for rith cose though the sun was not yet started on its course, Lec. 527b4 . doratad fort sheilb it has been given into thy possession, PRIA xix 546 ( LL 147a 9 ).

(iii) In sense lays upon, confers on, imposes on, inflicts on (both in good and bad sense); in Mid. Ir. often taking the place of an O.Ir. construction with DO: is airi sin doratad foir a n-ainmm sin, Sg. 31a6 (doratad dó is the usual O.Ir. construction). dobretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177 . parrthus talmhaidi doberta for an n-istadh sin, ZCP i 252 . ni taibre grad for nech do not ordain, Wb. 29a22 . co tarda grád fair, 'until he ordains him [king]' Trip. 2303 , PBA lxviii 128 . dobēr indus fair I will reconnoitre it (a route), TBC-I¹ 378 . ordd abgitir dorat forsna consona, Sg. 23b5 . isí roinn tucsat fair the division they made of it, D IV 2, 77 rb 9 . is mait[h] int anocul tuc for na heocha it is well he has spared the horses, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . go ttarad D. aithne fair recognized him, BS 16 . doberat adrad Dé foirn worship us as Gods, PH 2060 . dobeir barr for sluagu `puts a top on' (i.e. forms a climax, crowns), Fél. Nov. 30 , cf. Mar. 31 . ara tardda bendacht for anmain in truagáin, Thes. ii 257 . arin altrom dobertais[s]iu form-sa, ZCP viii 553 . dober-sa fortacht fair, TTebe 1918 . combad iarsin ḟrecra doberad-si for Meidb, TBC-I¹ 279 . ní thug-san iomagallamh air did not address him, RC xxix 116 . doratsat impidi fair, FB § 27 . ina hetarguíde doberait na nóib fair, PH 6386 . nicon tibre etech form he will not refuse me, Corm. Y 698 . ar son na héra tucais fair, SG 28 . gach tenga . . . forsa tardadh rath, Ériu iv 238 . SR 7143 . rí dorat sobarthain sláin | for ciniud n-amra nAbráim, 7433 . cia ar a ttiobhra [Críost] breath?, Parrth. Anma 93 = Luc. Fid. 49 . dobertis cech n-olc form, Ml. 54c30 , cf. 89a2 . dorat brón for sochaide, Fianaig. 66 . tucatar . . . buaidred ar buidhnibh, 90 . ar ná tucca nech crith fort, Tec. Corm. 46 . ni tarda tusliud form may it not cause me to stumble, Hy. vi 12 Comm. ( Thes. ii 352 ). co tardta bricht suain fair, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . rí fors tardad gūforgall, SR 7752 . tabraidh in adhaidh doberdáiss orainn orra fein, Expugn. Hib. 17 . dobertsad ár adhbhal forra, AFM 1172 . tuc bleith mulind forthu, CRR 25 . ní tuc laech dibh-sin guin air, CF 789 , cf. 129 . ní tabur a chin ar nech blame does not accrue to anyone, Ériu v 26 . tobert a chin forsin fer he charged the man . . . with the injury, Laws iv 178 Comm. ní tharda fornn . . . digail seirb, SR 2727 . ni tarda dínsium for a n-abraim-si do not despise what I say, CF p. 89 . tucsat esbaid aonmeic (sic leg.) ort, a Dé they deprived Thee of Thy only Son, ACL iii 243 . iarsin fingail doratsat for sóerchlandaib Erenn, ZCP xi 63 n. 10 . dobērthar in mor-martra ann for sil Adaim, SR 8179 . ná tabhairthear éigion fair, BNnÉ 28 . dorat forrán for Tamár forced, SR 6710 . dobert-sa gén fort I have made you a laughing-stock, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . dobērat maldachtain form-sa, TBC-I¹ 23 . dorat cúrsachad mór forra, SG 89 . dobérsa miscaid fair, Ériu viii 156 . tabarr pian forsna hí, Ml. 104b2 . ní thabhair Dia orumsa | pian, BS 138 . bóthar na Muilte . . . thug sgís ar mhórán do mhnáibh, Ériu i 101 . uair mian moltcharna doradadh d'á mhathair for Oilill Molt an gcén robhaoi n-a broinn O. M. got a taste for wether-mutton from his mother, Hy Fiach. 96 . Also freq. with ammus, fóbairt, sidhe, maidm, etc., q.v.

(iv) enjoins upon, compels, instigates: dosbēr-sa fort-sa do Dia féin do fácbail, PH 2060 . doradad fair géim drúith do dénam, RC xxiv 54 . is e dorad foraib-si in bréag do cantain, Todd Nenn. 94 .

(c) With FRI: conducthar nomen fris until a name is put to it, Sg. 200b13 , cf. 42b7 , 63a17 . dobreth coirthi fria chenn ┐ araile fria chosa, TBC-I¹ 419 . dobert aigid fri aigid, Fianaig. 36 . tucastar sciath fri sciath, CRR 45 . ise naidm dorad Corc mac L. ria lāim Conaill the compact which C. made with C., Lec. 410a29 . ar des rīg is ruirech | doradsad frit lāim, TBC-I¹ 2270 . dobheirim m'ainm ré n-abraim I put my name to what I write, Content. xxi 1 . dober frit a l[ín] lae o thus bliad[ne] `thou puttest the number of days' (gl. computa dies), Thes. ii 36 . Of fig. relations: nathir . . . donrat fri saeth tria aslach who has brought us into trouble, SR 1342 . dosrat fri sním, 5797 , cf. 5867 . manip fri toil Dé dosmerat unless they lead him to oppose the will of God, Mon. Tall. 144 . Cf. also under I (l) above.

(d) With IMM: dobeir a dī bois ima dī lecain, Corm. Y 756 . dobert in rígan brat ngorm imbi put on , TBC-I¹ 726 . dorat nél impu, SR 3963 . tobert C. beoil ima heim smeared grease on its hilt, Corm. Y 883 . tuc urrcur de uimpe struck him against it (i.e. the boulder?), CF 221 , cf. tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027 .

(e) With I N-

(i) Of local relations: dobert (.i. tuc) díllat i criol Ronchinn, Hy. v 84 ( Thes. ii 347 ). dabir it béulu thou puttest it into thy mouth, Thes. ii 249 . ni thardad dantmir i mbeolu in chind, Corm. Y 1018 . dobeir a láim il-láim tigerna, CRR 11 , cf. SG 90.29 . dorad a mhér a suainemh na sleighe, BS 10 . co tard a fiacla inn, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . baile i tartad in degben was buried, Metr. Dinds. iii 40 . a n-as tardtar ana hūir what is laid in its clay (of a graveyard), Lism. L. 3505 . tucad a talmain la [a] mac was buried, Lec. 580a32 . dorad misi it chumann-sa | mallacht Ronáin R.'s curse has thrown me into thy company, BS 82 . domratad i slabraid I have been put in chains, ZCP vi 263 .

(ii) With abstr. as obj.: gurub faill tug 'n-ar tegmáil he has neglected our quarrel, Ériu iv 216 . mairg thugas neamhshuim a dteangainn a dhuthaoi féin, O'Gr. Cat. 219 .

(iii) I N- folld. by abstr.: ní thibér-sa tusa i n-áirem I will hold thee of no account, PH 1804 . ni tabar a n-uimir cenel acht cined dā mac dib nama the descendants of only two sons are counted among the races, Lec. 67b14 . doberr don dligud-so i frithcheist gl. huic opponitur, Sg. 163b10 . doberr hi cotarsne do gl. obiicitur, 21b5 . amal duberad nech do hi ceist as though someone had asked him, Ml. 56a13 . conda-tardat hi coibsin may confess it, Ml. 181d16 . taibred hi cobsin di anmcharait, Ériu vii 158 . na peacaidhe thug duine i ndearmad, Eochairsg. 108 . ar nachat-tarda nech i n-éislis lest thou be neglected, Tec. Corm. 46 . ní thard ó D. na sgéla sin i foill, Hugh Roe 118 .

(iv) With pers. obj., brings, puts (into a state or condition): as é domrad a n-ainriocht, BS 42 . as Dia dudnuic issa n-imned, Ml. 44d14 . dosbér uili i mbás i mbath I will destroy them, SR 2431 . ó dotrat i socht, i sním, Ériu vii 225 (impers. use of vb.?). dosrat a snim mor sloigh na nG. um an ni-sin the hosts of the G. were sorely troubled about that matter (cf. prec. ex.), Ériu v 146 . do naemaib Eirenn tuc sadaile na bethad-so i dtarcaisne who spurned this life's luxuries, O'Gr. Cat. 638 . Cf. further: a flaith . . . dosrat hi ceathra ranna fichet, Lec. 45b40 . Cf. I (p) supra.

(f) With TAR: ronfialadar .i. dorata a fial torund may He put His veil over us, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). tardad dícealtar tairsib, ZCP viii 103 . dobert láim dara agid, TBC-I¹ 1841 . co tarat láim dar hiffern (of Christ harrowing Hell), SR 7772 . tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, TBC-I¹ 1471 . dorat sighin na croiche tairis crossed himself, RC xxxiv 322 . dobér-sa . . . a crosa dar m'aigidh, ZCP viii 110 . fuilt dar a tabar, it liat[h]a upon which it is poured (of a well), Todd Nenn. 194 . co tabrad usce dar a lámu, RC ii 400 . dorad Dia dilind tarsin n-uili doman, Lec. 534a31 .

(g) sends: tabar fer for āth damsa (a challenge), TBC-I¹ 1482 (where senses give and put are both implicit). dobretha Medb techta for cend Fir Diad, 2210 , 2212 . co tibred aingliu i m-agaid-si that he would send angels to encounter me, PH 1786 . dobretha C. nonbor úad . . . do chuingid mna do Ch., LU 10168 . comadh iat a daltadha doberta ar amus Sencháin dús cia dhib, etc. who were sent to S., ACL iii 5 . doradad Paladius a papa C. do progecht soscela do Scotaib, BB 10a26 .

III Brings, leads .

(a) fedar .i. . . . dohucthar (referring to Lat. ferri), Sg. 210a4 . donfé .i. donfuca may she bring us, Hy. iv 2 Comm. ( Thes. ii 325 ). dodfetis .i. dobertis, Hy. ii 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 312 ). ní fitemmar can doberr whence it is brought (of a variant reading), Sg. 32b5 . dobreit[h] dobarchi isin comhbreic (the word) `dobarchi' has been introduced into Cymric, Corm. Y 311 . is é Nothelmus tucastar epistil ó Griguir, Anecd. iii 64 . in rí thuc inn arcc forcūl who brought back the ark, SR 5505 . ba i ngataib dombertadar a l-loegu, TBC-I¹ 912 . in scian tucad dō a tirib Alban, Corm. Y 698 . Fig. brings, deduces, traces (of a sequence, genealogy, etc.): is amlaid sin tugasdair ar senoir-ne geinilach Breatan a cronicib na Romanach, Todd Nenn. 36 . o Róba . . . tugus co cróda an caithréim | co Codnaig, Hy Fiach. 278 . tucus lim . . . o Chloind Maelruanaid . . . co craeib Luaraid, 214 . With co: tabram ar roisc ┐ ar indfhethium co Dia let us raise our eyes and our thoughts to God, PH 8067 . fén douc a bantigerna chuci, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 333 ). tuccastair a mac féin cuice d'fir took to her as husband, MacCarthy 288 . ceadh ima ram-tugadh-sa chugaibh?, RC xiv 258 . doberar a drai co Brian, RC xxiv 180 . tug C. clann Cruithnigh do cobraid cuci called in the Picts to his aid, BB 370a42 . caisil . . . .i. cís dobertha o feraib Erenn cosin luc sin, Corm. Y 391 . With DOCHUM: cenis-tuca-su chucud dochom betad hi though thou bring her not to life, Mon. Tall. 144 . tuc na heochu chum beathadh dorísí, SG 25 . dobēra mo des-sa Aenias dochum bāis will put (lit. bring) to death, Aen. 2895 . nis tibritis dochum in carpait they could not bring (the Grey of Macha) to the chariot, RC iii 175 . nír fhác senmóir riam nach tibredh duine dochum creidme, SG 44 .

(b) With LA referring to subject (the usual construction in later lang.): donfuca leis, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). co nostucam lenn i mbrait, SR 3979 . tucus mo sheotu lim ┐ mo indili, TBC-I¹ 1612 . In fig. relations: in tucsam Temraig lind? have we taken in Tara in our course? (lit. brought with us), SG ii 492 ( LL 329a5 ). clanda Gaeidil . . . thucsom a n-imthechta lind o . . . thur Neamruad ille we have followed their adventures from the tower of N. onwards, Lec. 565b10 ( BB 38a11 ); cf. Hy Fiach. 214 quoted under III (a). dia tarta nech leis na cōic fa dhó if anyone multiply the five by two, Lism. L. 4618 . With abstr. obj.: tug leis feirg n-adhbhal n-anba | dom athchur he brought with him, i.e. displayed, BS 6 . abradh fris co ná tardad gráin ná hirfuath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5 . indas na luinde ┐ na barainde . . . tucsat leo isin chath, LL 403a25 .

(c) d.¤ anuas brings down, humbles (mod.): dobhéuruinn a náimhde anuas go haithgheárr, Psalms lxxxi 14 , cf. xviii 27 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 : maor nach tug sároghadh síos `who has not taken down my offences' (?). See Desid. Gloss. (anuas) .

(d) d.¤ suas brings up, rears, educates (mod.): nech . . . tuccadh suas i Saxoibh as a óicce, AFM v 1752 . mar neach tugadh suas ionna ḟochair as one brought up with him, Proverbs viii 30 . degh-thabhartha suas well-educated , Rel. Celt. ii 206 .

IV Gets, wins, takes: an extension of meaning brings folld. by certain prepp. such as AS or Ó. Mostly in Mid. Ir. with confusion of do-rat- and do-ucc-, see above under forms.

(a) dorat mac Lonán ar a dhán ó fheraib Eirenn ní nach lugha iná a tuc Guaire immach won for his art from the men of Ireland an amount no less than G. had given away, SG 400 . in tan bes glainiu in anim rop and dos ucca Día may God take the soul when it is purest, Ériu vi 116 . rofāssaigh machaire na Muman . . . co tard iltáintiu carried off, RC xviii 50 (Tig.). tuchta tāinte treabh-clann | la Cremhthand, Todd Nenn. 136 . is ua dobeir cheird who adopts a calling, PRIA xix 546 . cinged issin sliab co tabrad fiad `to fetch a deer', Arch. Hib. ii 70 . tuccusae comarleccud I obtained permission, Mon. Tall. 136 . is iad dobeiredh gach buaidh, SG 34 . dobertatar a búaid they gained the victory over him, ZCP ix 192 . nipad andsu Cuchulaind acht tuctha a c[h]leitine aire provided his javelin were taken from him, TBC-I¹ 1331 . dobered leth brandaigechta ┐ fi[d]chillachta fora thigerna used to win, 2327 . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra, RC v 199 .

(b) With ASS: nicon robae rann di rannaib in domain as nacha tucad Dia, Ml. 125b7 (where meaning is still brings); cf. 94d4 . dotuc ass, a gillai (take thyself off?), LL 117a31 . asa Iubdain tuc mé as `I.'s sandals bore me through undrowned', SG 252 . ond uair doratus[s]a menmain ind, ní thucus as from the time that I set my mind on Him, I have never taken it from Him, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 324 ). dobeir Cuchulainn in ṅgai ass draws out the spear, RC iii 178 . dia taltar in cloch as do chind . . . mani tucthar ass, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 8 . romarbsat he . . . ┐ ni tucsat banne fola as did not draw a drop of blood, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). dibeir coicait Breasal la gach n-ernaighthe a hiffern takes fifty (souls) out of Hell, ZCP vii 306 . dusfuc Patraic . . . a taig Diaboil, ACL iii 303 . rí dofuc brait hiffirn uair | a pēin, a crithfeidm, SR 7777 , cf. 3961 . rocumdaig Dia int asna dorad a hAdhamh, BB 16b26 . dorat an t-oglach brodchú as a choim, Imr. Brain i 60 . saighit na sluaigh an chathair, co ttartsat a seoit . . . eiste, Leb. Gab.(i) 84 .

(c) With DE takes from: dothuc do Adaum a chenn | co ruc co Hierusalem, SR 2235 . dobēraind-sea a c[h]eand de, TBC-I¹ 824 . is he Tuathal tart a cindu dona coiceadaib cut off the extremities of the provinces, Lec. 594a10 = tall . . . dena c., LL 295b13 . co tuc a mind dia chend, SR 6727 . tair . . . fein don craunn | tuc de oen-ubull, 1262 , cf. 1285 . do naimdib doberar `from enemies it is taken', Laws i 228 Comm.

(d) With Ó: dobert secht multu uade carried off seven wethers from her, Hy. v 36 ( Thes. ii 337 ). cid tuccais ó Guaire? what has thou got from G.?, ACL iii 2 . ised tucsam o Máolrúain (the teaching) we received from M., Mon. Tall. 137 . da fuc Michol o Alathis took M. from A. (her husband), SR 6571 . dorad giallu o Findachta . . . ri Laigen, Lec. 138b43 . dorat mallachtain don tí . . . dobera[d] a mainc[h]ine ó Chiarán, ACL iii 226 . dorat buar iomdha uaidhibh, AFM 1263 (iii 392) . co ttarat a réir uadhoibh obtained his demand from them, 705 (i 306) . tuccais an éccsi nglain | ón mnaoi mérghil, ót máthair, ZCP viii 109 . in uainn tucadh? was it taken from us?, Laws i 74 Comm.

(e) d.¤ mnái takes a wife, weds: nā tuic seitchi gl. noli quaerere uxorem, Wb. 10a30 . regat-sa . . . co tuc a ingin, SR 5827 . an adhaigh tuc Mongán Dubhlacha, | tuc Mac an Daimh [a com]alta, Imr. Brain i 63 . co tucas-sa in mbé sáir sláin, Ériu iv 154 . dofuc-som ingin Aithechda, Hib. Min. p. 77 . nach tibrad mnai dogrés dia nustuccad nech ali remiu he would never wed any woman if another had wedded her already, TE 2 (Eg.). ca ben dobér? what woman shall I marry?, ZCP viii 113 . gēba flaithius ┐ dobēra rigan, Aen. 1248 . Fithir álainn . . . in ben dorat rí Berba, SG 360 . co tarat Eochu . . . in n-ingin ba siniu .i. Fithir, LL 294b48 ( RC xiii 36 ). amser i tibred Alax . . . mnái do Grecaib illánamnus, LL 229b34 ( TTr. 925 ). tabhair m'inghen-sa. —Ní thiubhar-sa í, ITS v 148 . annsa n-eiséirghe ní thabhruid fir mná ┐ ní tugthar mná d'fhearaibh, Matthew xxii 30 . With DO: tuc Hiruath ingin Aristopuil ... do mnaí, Ev.Inf. (LB) 381 § 104 . isé in Nemhnall sin dorad Finmaith inghen Carthaigh do mnáoi, BNnÉ 25 § 15 .

(f) d.¤ immach wins, captures (most freq. with vn.) (cf. I (f) above): an ben rucadh uaim-si . . . nach tuitfe fer d'Ulltachaib impe ag a tabairt amach in recovering her, Imr. Brain i 67 . ag tabhairt bhailte móra amach ó na nāimdibh, Rel. Celt. ii 206 . do chuir sídsi 'ma chaislén ┐ níor chinn leis a thabhairt amach, 178 . d.¤ istech id. : tuc A. sin isteach (of land), AFM iv 974 .

V Occas. do-beir appears as an intrans. vb. folld. by FOR or other prep. or adv. in sense makes for; falls on, attacks ; perh. from an orig. reflexive use, cf. dosfucsad dias laech do Laignib for Chond ┐ rosfobairsed Conn threw themselves on C., Lec. 598a46 . dober P. for N. ┐ non-gon, BB 440b32 . imatarla doib . . . co tarat indt aoinfer for firu Erind, Anecd. v 11 ( Sc.M² 8 . See Celtica iii 267 ). ise dorat forru co brath attacked them, ZCP xiii 348.9 . co tuc fói fell upon him (?), LL 260b50 . dorat cách co dúr ┐ co díchra risin debaid betook himself to the fray, 256a43 . doberait a muinter co dichra a n-agaid A., Aen. 2636 . doradsat co dichra 'sin cath, 2859 , 2612 . Follg. ex. is perh. an extension of this use: is andsin tucsad na tuatha-sin rigi do thabairt do S. made a move (decided) to give (?), Lec. 447a39 .

VI

(a) comprehends, understands ; gl. intellegere, Wb. 21c11 . intendere, 15a29 . hi tucu cheist ndoraid where I understand a difficult problem, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294 ). ni tucai cách dib belrae alaili, Ml. 42c7 . duucthar tria rosc aní nolabraifitis, 55a10 . ara tuicce ar-rolegais, Wb. 28d7 . ara tucca cach a canas, 27b27 . ní tucsat cia chruth conrerortatar, Ml. 75d10 . nad tuicset rúna, Wb. 15a29 . ní tucid féin ní da n-abraid, RC xxviii 314 . do neoch dorucai mo rí | bec dofucaid ní dia grés of what my king can comprehend ye understand little (?), SR 7983 . ni frith dó . . . dia drúidib nech dosfucad, 3228 , cf. 2763 . ní ragaib acht nem . . . do cach oen nodgēbad ┐ nodafucfad etir cēill fogra, RC xx 134 . nír thuiccestair an mbreithir atbert R. fris, BNnÉ 323 . do tucsat cēlmhaine na ndruadh, ZCP i 398 . ní tucenn aenduine in briathar-sin uaithe, vi 291 . cindus rothuiggisi in berla ebraidi uaithib ┐ tu fen it' gregach?, YBL 141b22 . Folld. by vn. clause: ni tuccai nech anfoirbthe buith fo riaguil, Ériu i 202 .

(b) perceives, observes, is aware of: tucim nár bé chóir, TBC-LL¹ 4083 . douicim-ne ┐ tuigmit conid mog do Dia tusa, PH 750 . dofuicind Dia . . . co n-oslaicfither bar ruisc (= scit Deus quod aperientur, etc. , Gen. iii 5 ), Lec. 530a10 = dofuicfind, BB 16b53 . ar na rothucad Pátraic cia dia ṅdernad int immun, Trip. 396 . doucad in tan ticfad sonend ┐ donend, LU 823 ( ACC 58 ). dofucfa cách 'na mbia fo menmain a chéli cen a falsigud o briathraib, RC xxv 248 . tuigedh gurab ar gealtacht robháoi an bhen, BS 108 . ní thuigfinn m'imshníom ná m'olc | ar ghualainn mhic C. I should not be conscious of, O'Gr. Cat. 453 . o rathuic corba corp dia adnocul, tuc airrde na croiche, Lat. Lives 94 . o rathuicistair . . . a mbeith nocht (= cum cognovissent se esse nudos, Gen. iii 7 ), Lec. 530a21 . In ipv. oft. folld. by la + refl. pron., tuic lat observe, note , know (common in med. texts): tuic leat gurob comartha bāis, 23 P 10, 3b10 ; 7a1 ; 30a56 , etc. With OC: tuig agad cindus bis tiacht amach an tsile take note how the flux issues forth, 10b26 . Folld. by AR, perceives, knows (by looking at): atcífe diabul ┐ tuicfe a olc fair, PH 2037 . dothuigisdar ar in ablainn ndiatha . . . bí eder a lāmhaib an tsaguirt (sic leg.) . . . co roibi pecadh folaidhthi aigi he knew from the consecrated wafer . . . that he (the priest) had committed some secret sin, Lib. Flav. i 33 rb 12 . tuigim ort go saoiltear libh, etc., Content. xiv 53 . Folld. by ASS knows (from), infers (from): tuicim-se as a tuarascbail, TBC-LL¹ 5660 (St.). issed rotuiccedh as sain, na huilc tháncatar `hence men presaged the evils', SG 406 . tuicter as sin nach fedann laeighi ara taebhaibh it is a sign that he cannot lie on his side, 23 P 10, 3a30 . Vbl. of necess.: is tuicti na comartha-sin do bheith go holc, 24 P 22, 105.13 . is tuigthe dhaoibh . . . gur ab iad sin clann Abraham, Galatians iii 7 . as tuigthe dhúinn as so gurab decair, etc., Ó Héodhusa 15 .

(c) thinks, opines, considers: nihil medico conducibilius censeo . . . .i. ni tuigim go bhfuil ní, etc., 23 K 42, 184.4 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum etc., I do not think that I could agree, Content. ix 5 . cé bé duine nach biaidh leinn . . . tuigmíd gur duine i n-ar n-aghaidh in duine sin, O'Gr. Cat. 468 . do thuicc drong dona hughdaruibh . . . gurab must as ferr a n-ionadh an fhíona, 24 P 32, 52.6 ; 211.9 .

(d) means, signifies (usually in pass.): cennsa tuicther tresin snechta is symbolized by, PH 3386 . triasan uiscce tuicther popul na creitmech, tuict[h]er Críst triasin fín, RC xxxvii 346 . a toghaide tre-uillech, trésa tuicthear in Trinōid, MR 92 . an sextuarius adubramar . . . as é sextuarius an uisce thuigmid we mean a s. of water, 24 P 32, 94.1 . adeir G. . . . antan aderar eiliborus . . . go tuicter eiliborus geal antan sin that white hellebore is meant, 23 P 10, 31b46 .

(e) In certain cases folld. by prep. DOCHUM, DO, FRI (LE), understands (of), applies or refers to (freq. in pass.): species .i. gnē ┐ termin uilidhe ┐ tuicther duine ┐ leomhan chuige sin (i.e. `man' and `lion' are referred to, are examples of a species), 24 P 3, 304.23 . as iad so na daine da tuicter so .i. na daine bis a n-āis .x. bliadan .xx. this applies to persons of the age of thirty, 23 P 10, 8a10 . ni do lucht na paralisi amain tuicter an rādh so this saying applies not to paralytics alone, 44b46 . an spic[a] adubramar, as d'olaidh an spica .n. thuigios Mesué í the `spica' above-mentioned M. takes to mean oil, etc. , 24 P 32, 156.8 . re fiabras coididiana contineoideach is coir sin da thuigsin ┐ re fiabras coididiana nach contineoideach do tuigeadar siad-san he this rightly applies to continuous quotidian fever, but those authors understood it of intermittent, 23 P 10, 163 vb 27 . is amhlaidh bhíos an tslat . . . geal go hiomlán, do chomhartha na firinne lé dtuigthear an ghile in sign of truth with which whiteness is associated (i.e. of which it is a symbol), Keat. iii 151 . creud thuigeas tú lé maitheadh na bpeacadh? what do you understand by forgiveness of sins?, Donlevy 44 .

drécht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drécht or dil.ie/18598
Last Revised: 2013

n u, n. (see Sg. 38b8 , but cf. Imr. Brain cited below).

I Part, portion, section . Usually with partitive DI, rarely with gen.: drecht .i. imat, O'Dav. 624 , cf. 721 . is drecht díib nad rochreit, Wb. 5c2 . d.¤ caich ceniúil gl. plenitudo gentium, 5c3 . is (sic leg.) d.¤ úaibsi as debthach, 11d2 . for drecht úaib, 13b12 . cach la d.¤ diib is atrab, alaill ní atrab `one of the two portions of them', Sg. 38b8 . asbert Medb fri d.¤ dia muinter, TBC-I¹ 888 . fri tarrachtain drechta díb, 1462 . teclamaidh d.¤ dina bolgaib, RC x 74.14 . roloiscthe d.¤ mór dona longaib, TTr.² 1701 . romarbhsat d.¤ do mhuccaibh, SG 88.16 . d.¤ d'écsib, Metr. Dinds. iii 104 . tri maic C. . . . ┐ drecht diib i nAidniu, araill díib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.29 . drechd din aidchi, Otia i 114 . rogab cach d'feraib Eirenn a d.¤ don breithemnus his own part of the judicature (?), Laws i 18.22 (but perh. in sense II (b) below). gebaid cach a dréchta de, 18.20 . rucastar an ingen drechta móra do chrudh lé, Acall. 828 . ra h-ed cían ┐ ra dréchta fata for a far space and for long stretches (portions), MU² 275 . tidnaic do L. an cuairt . . . ni duairc an d.¤ no mean portion, BCC § 349 (poem).

Esp. of a number, band of persons: co facaidh in t-imperi ina dochum co nd.¤ ndána ndasachtach, ZCP vi 274.30 . drechta móra do míledaibh Cesair, CCath. 1432 . ro-díthaighit dréchta dia ndrongbuidnibh, AFM v 1646 . drechta dermara d'occbhaidh ┐ do shoighdiúraibh, Hugh Roe 66.8 . Hence ¤chath troop, battalion: leinb an dúin 'na ndréachtchathaibh, 3 C 13, 519.2 .

Note also: lethd.¤ húad i ngort dia treise `a half-day's labour' (notes), Críth G. 84 . In concr. sense d.¤ gíalnai, 570 (` earthwork, rampart ', Gloss.). denamh drecta ima dún, O'D. 512 ( H 3.17 415 ). dlegar don céile dénum drechta im dun na flatha, O'Dav. 721 . ? drect .i. dliged, Stowe Gl. 104 .

II

(a) Term of bardic art of uncertain meaning, denoting either a species of composition or more probably a section, division ; see IT iii 115 , 120 , 170 : foglaim na cetbliadna .i. coeca ogum . . . ┐ airacept na n-eicsine . . . ┐ fiche d.¤ , IT iii 32.4 . oblairi . . . secht ndréchta lais do scelaib, Lec. 340b21 . condaróis íar téchtu | inna dréchtu imm druimne the sections concerning `druimne' (?), Imr. Brain i 52.22 .

(b) poem, literary composition (freq. of an official character), tale (see The Learned Tales of Medieval Ireland 113 n. 122 ): d.¤ duan dicitur , Cóir Anm. 67 . drechta .i. duana no laidhe ┐ roscada, O'Dav. 589 . d.¤ molta, Lec. 142a3 . canitir drechta, LU 3242 ( SCC § 3 ). corop siat a duana ┐ a drechta gabtair i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1156 . gabtha a ndúana ┐ a ndréchta ┐ a n-admolta doib, MU² 214 . fir dēnma d.¤ ┐ nath, RC xiv 412 § 25 . oirfideach ré gabháil duan ┐ dréacht, Keat. ii 5339 . co nderna teóra dréchta adhmolta, AFM iii 180.15 . Cf. Laws i 18.22 cited above. lucht cech dāna . . . ic taspénad a nd.¤ ┐ a ndliged do ríg, LL 215a21 . re cenel nEnna gan fhaill | dréchta rīg cenēl Conaill, Fen. 344.10 . file nach dron dechraigfes | sochur dochur dílmaine | d.¤ cech tire thic, ZCP iv 237.23 = Leb. Cert. 236 . Of incantations: co ron-icastar Diancecht . . . tria drungo drona dagdrécht, Lec. 60b9 ; cf. dréacht .i. aircheadal sorcery, incantation , P. O'C. Hence dréachtglan (epithet of bards), Keat. Poems 1410 , 1559 . Note also: d.¤ .i. sgél, O'Cl. drecht .i. eolus, O'Dav. 625 . scoth na bí do drochduine d.¤ `a word that is not of a bad man's knowledge', 1423 .

éicsín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicsín or dil.ie/19733

Forms: t-eigsin, t-eicsin, ēicsīne

n (perh. a by-form of éicsíne , q.v.) a student of poetry, a poet's pupil or apprentice: eicsín beg a hiarthor Éireann (= Cerball Ó Dálaig), Ériu iv 52.39 . cf. in t-eigsin , in t-eicsin , Corm. Y p. 69.25 , 26 (lethech), where the second = in t-ēces, p. 69.23 , etc. and the first possibly = an t- ēicsīne , p. 69.22 , etc. tri chaegad éceas agus tri chaegad eicsín, Oss. v 38.7 .

éicsíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicsíne or dil.ie/19734
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: exine

n io, m. a learner of `éicse'; a student of poetry, a poet's pupil or apprentice: luid (Cruitene) do thig alaile écis ┐ a gilla leis .i. écsini side co menmain fithidrea, Corm. Bodl. (lethech) . filidh amra...eicsine laisidhe oc frithgnam, ZCP vii 305.10 . ro rathaigestar in t-éices mormenmain ind eicsine ┐ laget a frithgnama, Corm. Bodl. (s. lethech) . do p[h]romad ind eicsine , ib. O'Gr. Cat. 94. 17 . oc tuidecht écsi dia écsinib imparting wisdom to his pupils RC xxvi 12.9 ; 22 n. 9 . cóeca eices a llín cenmotha éicsiniu, Corm. Bodl. s. prull . int ecsine di muintir S., ib. = exine, Corm. Y p. xiii 21 . eigess, p. 90.25 . foric in n-écsíne oc múnud a aiciuchta, LU 11002 . airacept na neicsiné (v.l. na hécsene), IT iii 32.3 (part of first year's course). Cf. éicsín.

foaccept

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foaccept or dil.ie/22339
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fóacepta, foaicciucta

n u, m. (Lat. acceptum) a subordinate course of study of instruction; commentary (?): n p. se fóacepta [foaicciucta BB] filidechta, IT iii 34 § 9 ; ib. § 12. Forming part of the second and third year's course in `filidecht,' opposed to `airacept na n-eicsine ' of first year 32 § 2. Of law tracts: in tan do bidis in nonbur ann is ann donídh [leg. donídis ?] é ┐ in tan ba hesbadach fer dib is ann donídís foaiccechta (of the commission of nine who drew up the Senchas Már; in a full session they worked at the text of the Law, otherwise at the subordinate treatises) O'D. 2 (< H 3.17 c. 1 ) or draft (?) Ériu xlv 6 . is an dara oslugud dedenach do dull [leg. dūil ?] na foaicecht, O'D. 918 (< H 3.17, c. 654 ).

frithgnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithgnam or dil.ie/24488

Forms: frithgnom, frithgnam, frithgnama, frithgnamai, frithgnamu, frichn-, fricn-, frichnamh, fricnamh, f.

n u, m. (vn. of fris-gní; `dem lat officium nachgebildet,' Thurn. ZCP xiv 336 ). n s. frithgnom, Sg. 106b12 . a s. in frithgnam , Acr. 5c2 . g s. frithgnama, Ml. 42c2 . n p. frithgnamai, 39d15 . a p. inna frithgnamu , 56b4 . In later manuscripts generally frichn-; also, esp. in classical verse, fricn-: frichnamh fricnamh, m. IGT, Decl. § 28 (fricnamh ∴ aitreabh, ex. 365 ).

In general sense exertion, pains, labour directed to a specified object, and in objective sense (esp. in pl.) service rendered, function: frecor ceill nó frithgnom (gl. exercitus = Gk. γυμνασια) Sg. 106b12 . (gl. operam [dare]) Acr. 5c2 . pl. (gl. officia) Ml. 39d15 . (officia [membrorum]) 56b4 . la fége f.¤ with keen diligence Fél. Prol. 331 . domelom fleda búana cen rithgnom without toil LU 9997 . na chured in talam a torad ... di cen rithgnam trebaire, LL 217a12 ( TTr. 7 ).

Of applied labour, handiwork, fashioning (metal, etc.), with DO or FRI of pers., FOR or IMM of thing; also DO-GNÍ F.¤ FRI: screpall rob fiu in bunad ... ┐ da screpall dorormacht ealadu ┐ frichnum air the material was worth one scruple and art skill and labour increased it to two (of an iron pot) Laws v. 18.1 Comm. Cf. (of training a colt) a leth ... don fear dorigne in eladain ... a leth ... don fir dorigne in frichgnum ... ┐ frichgnum in tsearraig ina agaid sim, 214.8 Comm . Cóic Con. 48 , q.v. curach gan frichnum imruma fair (= that needed no rowing), Ériu iii 152.16 . biadha brechtnaighthi tre frichnuma meats diversified by skilled cookery (?) BB 499b10 (= Alex. 1007 , where tre f.¤ is om.). Of rotation at the mill: trian do eladhain sair ┐ trian do biud ┐ do borbrichnum, Laws iv 216.22 . tir ... nach eicin do fricnam tuair na slige `application of manure or shell' Laws iv 276. 9 . etham frichnamha (.i. tir inbela i mbi maith cach clann) `labour-requiring (?) arable land (axe-land in which every plant grows freely)' 276.6 . Of elaborate work, ornamentation: daronad tra f.¤ mor aicce si imon crand ... na croiche do legaib lógmaraib, LB 231a38 . Cf. do loghmhaire ┐ do ḟriothghnamh ... a n-éudach `of richenes and curiosity in ... cloathings' RSClára 135a .

Earnest effort, striving: dorigne (Cairnech) frichnam mor for anmain Muirchertaig exerted himself to save M's soul RC xxiii 428y . o'tchuala ... Dia a frichnum (i.e. their supplications) PH 1008 . is cora frichnam immpe na fa anoir na colla, 7409 .

Attendance, service on a person (esp. with regard to physical wants): galur gin frichnam leighis `without medical attendance' (or application of remedy ?) Laws ii 166.1 Comm. Cf. slan frichnuma o fuachar fuil (.i. is slan ... dont i feras an ḟuil acht co nderna frichnumh fria), BCrólige p. 80 . déntar in uli frichnama ocainde fria, LB 134b49 . ag denam friochnama ┐ fritheolma fair (of wild animals doing service) BNnÉ 104.9 . friochnamh maith ┐ fritheolmha do dhenamh dona hóinmidibh, RC xxix 219 . friochnamh re Dia fa ndligheann to render to God the service due to Him Dán Dé xxv 5 . cīs frichnama issed cīs frithcnama doberad dō: leth mbairgene mbrechtain fo salann ┐ cua essa guirt, nige dō cind cach xxet aidhci, folccu cacha sathairn tribute of service, this is the tribute of service they give to him, viz. half a loaf, etc., H 3.18, 373b19 ( O'Curry 807 ). Cf. satharnd do richnamh, Laws iv 216.8 ( Ériu xvii 72 ) which seems to refer to tributary service at the mill .

Managing, directing (?), with gen.: iar mbeith fiche bliadhan ag friochnamh ┐ ag follamhnacchadh scol Eirenn AFM iii 14.2 .

Application (to learning, etc.), study: ni comairleiced dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foglaim ┐ cin f.¤ , Trip.² 244 (= nisi prius in praecipua eiusdem disciplinae schola egisset discipulum). a fricnum i feghadh na firmaiminti, CCath. 998 . Esp. of the cultivation of the art and science of the `fili': báoi filidh amra isin Tuadhmumain ... fer frithgnamai máir. eicsine laiside oc f.¤ , ZCP vii 305.9 . ... na n-ēigsine bātar oc f.¤ occa ib. 19 . ro boí in t-éices occ acallaim ind eicsine ┐ oc cur sula tar a f.¤ ro rathaigestar in t-éices mórmenmain ind eicsine ┐ lagat a frithgnama the poet was addressing the learner and noting his attentiveness; he perceived his great self-confidence and his laxity in attention Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech (= Corm. Y 825 ; Stokes renders f. here ` diligence [in preparing the meat].'). failte fri dliged n-ecse iarna dagfrichnam (.i. ... iarna daghfoghlaim), Anecd. v 25.5 . Cf. searnar iar ndliged drengar iar frichnum (.i. ... iar frichgnam dō re foghluim), 27.1 . trachtaire raith ┐ frichnama imale (.i. frichgnam foghloma imalle frisin rath), 25.12 . ni direnar cutrumaib loge enech fri hoes ind frithgnuma, IT iii 23.28 . is a lethloighibh na seacht primhaisti doreanaiter a lloighi na nhí so ... uair cen cob tria frichnum atat ... is o Dhia a tídhnucul, 23.2 . ni direnar hi cutruma fri haes ind rutgnama, 28 ( BB 308a21 ). Cf. ib. IT iii 6.6 , cited above s.v. fris-gní. post congbhala ┐ cathaighthe d'aos foghlama ┐ friochnamha scholars and students [ = students and professors ?] AFM v 1684.8 .

imm-rádi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-rádi or dil.ie/27906

Forms: imradim, imrádaim, imrordaimse, immeradisiu, imradi, imrordai, immeraiter, imradam, imrádat, imráid, imráidem, immeraidtis, nisnimrade, immerada, arnachaimrada, immimrorda, immarádat, immeradin, imradad, imusráidhfi, imraidfem-ni, immindráitset, immerordus, imrordaiss, immeroraid, immunrordad, immerordaisset, imratid, imratib, imrádid, imradim, imrádud

v indic. pres. s 1 imradim, Sg. 155b3 . imrádaim, Thes. ii 230.17 (Pcr.). perf. imrordaimse, LU 8914 (FB). s. 2 immeradisiu gl. pertractas, Ml. 43c4 . s. 3 imradi, Wb. 17a13 . perf. imrordai, Thes. ii 229.32 (Pcr.). pass. immeraiter (sic leg.), Wb. 14c22 . pl. 1 imradam ni, Ml. 93a5 . pl. 3 imrádat, Wb. 1d7 . ipv. s. 2 imráid, TBC-LL¹ 6013. pl. 1 imráidem, Ériu i 68.5 . impf. pl. 3 immeraidtis, Ml. 61c12 . subj. pres. s. 2 nisnimrade, Ériu i 201 § 26. s. 3 immerada, Wb. 23b24 . arnachaimrada, Ml. 51a1 . perf. immimrorda, IT i 57.58 . pl. 3 immarádat, Wb. 28c1 . impf. s. 1 immeradin, Wb. 14c23 . s. 3 imradad, Ml. 41a4 . fut. s. 3 imusráidhfi, Fianaig. 16 § 46. pl. 1 imraidfem-ni, IT ii2 208.12 . pret. pl. 3 immindráitset, Thes. ii 241.11 (Ardm.). perf. s. 1 immerordus, Ml. 96a3 . s. 2 imrordaiss, Fél. Nov. 13. s. 3 immeroraid, Sg. 197b15 . pass. immunrordad, Wb. 20d10 . pl. 3 immerordaisset (MS. immerodaisset), Ml. 90d16 . Part. adv. ind imratid gl. de liberalitate, Ml. 82b8 . Verb. necess. betis imratib gl. in his reuoluendis, Ml. 96b16 . Later as simple vb. imrádid i.

(a) trans. and intrans. thinks (of), reflects (on), meditates (on), considers, plans: asbeir i tossug as mug, imrádi iterum conderna gnímu moga gl. hoc cogitet iterum apud sé, Wb. 17a13 . imrádat imráti cid maith as déntí `they think thoughts,' 1d7 . nip sain a n-asberat et immarádat, 28c1 . asrochoili ┐ imradi condib sainemail nanní labrathar, Ml. 35d22 . reil fora mbrethir on á n-andach immerordaisset (MS. immerodaisset) `the iniquity which they have meditated is clear from their word,' 90d16 . amal immeradad gl. diliberans, 68c18 . lasse immerordus in aidchi when I had meditated in the night, 96a3 . is di chéin immunrordad condan maicc togu from afar have we been considered so that we are sons by election,' Wb. 20d10 . (intrans. with do) ní imradat dun bethaid frecndairc `they think not of the present life,' Ml. 107c1 . amail immindráitset conacatar fiacc find cuccu `as they were thinking of him they saw Fiacc Find (coming) towards them,' Thes. ii 241.11 (Ardm.). cor' himraided a ailiugud trit-sin `it was proposed to accuse him on that account,' Fél. 40.18 . cibhed imraidi do rad whatever it be that you contemplate saying, SR 1209. Crist i cridiu cech duine immimrorda, IT i 57.58 . conid de imrordaimse | a chomraind ni dlig therefore I consider, LU 8914 (FB). ro imráid Bricriu inna menmain dús cinnas doragad ar imchossaít Ulad, 8106 (FB). imráidset nípád ansu Cu Chulaind acht tuctha a cletíne airi, LU 5801. o náimráided Miliucc indas noastfad intii Patraic, Lat. Lives 59.14 . noimraided a menma dogrés ina mainistrecha his mind continually meditated on monasteries, 87.8 . imusráidhfi neach ... reicne Fotha[i]d Canainne `some one will remember,' Fianaig. 16 § 46. dingēbat in mnái dít connacht-imrāidfe etir `so that she shall no longer think of you,' RC xiii 379.14 . uathad crāibdech umarāidet Dīa, ZCP iii 29.6 . in t-ainm an uair imraiter `when it comes to mind,' Metr. Dinds. iii 414.10 . imráidset techt día déicsin na hindse, RC ix 482.3 . roimraid Lurint dul na degaid L. was thinking of going after him, Anecd. iii 73.3 . aprad Símón in ní imráidim-si uair ro-fitir Dia imráti na ndoine, PH 1768.

Folld. by oc with reflex. meaning: ro imraidset macrad Ulad i nEmain Macha oco, LU 5903. ro-imraidh-sim aici cia teglach a rachad considered (debated) with himself, ZCP i 103.18 . ro imraid Grigoir oca fein cid diamboi in lucaist, RC xlvi 228.7 . roimraidset acu imgabail [anforl]aind, Ériu viii 10.9 . doimraidsedur acu fen Ere dindsaigid, 16.25 .

(b) treats of, discusses, mentions, commemorates: imradim gl. tracto, Sg. 155b3 . a tairbert hí forathmet inna persine immeroraid riam `bringing again into recollection of the person that he has spoken of before,' 197b15 . frissaní immeraidtis hua briathrib `to what they used to say in words,' Ml. 61c12 . slúag már immerádi `the great host which thou commemoratest,' Fél. Dec. 20. bēs nī brēg immarāide `perchance it is no lie thou sayest,' Ériu ii 26 § 9. imraidit co hEimeine mBán ... im deracht they consult with E. Anecd. i 40. 12 . manip ar fodord ... ratir acht is ar airchisecht ... indii immarather if it be out of compassion the words are spoken, Ériu vii 162.8 . ēicsīne ... coibnesa dontí imrordus ēimh `a relative of the man above mentioned,' ZCP vii 305.10 . ní imrordusa for Echaid aní sin co se, LU 10900. Conchobar mac Nessa ... imráter sunda for Ultaib `he is here recorded (as king) over Ulster,' Ériu iv 22.1 . immaroraid fria muntir anísin he discussed that matter with his people, TBFr. 13. in rom-imraidse Conchobar ritsu? `has Conor spoken to thee about me ?,' RC xiv 418 § 34. nir himráided riu in chaingen `they were not spoken to touching the business,' TMoméra 158.22 . imraidset a himdibe ina faithchi sin `they discussed the curtailing of that green,' Ériu iv 124.6 . gidbe no imraided Críst ina fiadhnoisi whoever used to mention Christ, Aisl. Tond. 120 § 1. imthusa fer n-hErend imarter sund, TBC-LL¹ 568. ite in da sen imraiter sund, Laws i 36.25 Comm. imthusa Congail imraiter againd athaidh ele, MR 166.7 . níor hiomráidheadh san Róimh ribh | díochur na gcliar ..., DDána 72 § 4. iomráidh é le hiomad gráidh `speak of Him with exceeding love,' Aithd. D. 75. 39 . iomraidem ... a reimsi `let us declare ... their period,' Leb. Gab.(i) 172.22 . imráiter do mention is made of: imrāiter sunn do aidedaib na prímflatha, ZCP iii 19.39 .

(c) sends: imraidfem-ni ┐ Medb nech úainn co Ailill Find do chobair dúnn, IT ii2 208.12 . imraidhfemne .i. cuirfim, O'Curry 1308 (< H 3.18, p. 603b ).

Vn. imrádud.

osmenad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. osmenad or dil.ie/34073

n u, m. (< moin-, muin- `think'? cf. 1 menma) meditation, study, lucubration ? confined to cryptic and poetic style. osmennadh .i. sgrútadh o menmain ┐ a meabhrugadh do gin, ut dixit in t-eicsine . . . ósment osment a drochéicis, H 3.18 p. 73 ( O'Curry 117 ). osment .i. múna[d] instruction, O'Dav. 1325. Dān mac Osmenta. Osmenad [Osmenta v.l.] mac Imráti, RC xxvi 30 § 130 , § 131 . ucht osnae .i. hucht osmenta .i. smuainiud smuaines .i. scrútan scrutas in fili a n-airchetul, Corm. p. 45 (< LL 179b44 ) = Corm. Y 1275. oidh ar huilleth n-oismentai (pay) heed to increase of study, lucubration (?), ZCP vii 305.24 (? g p.). ? n p. dēine m'osmeanta inā hos (.i. luaithe mo menma inā fiadh), v 487 y .

ráthaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ráthaigid or dil.ie/34845
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: raithigestair, rathaigis, raithigh

v g. Occas. with palatal stem: 3 s. pret. raithigestair, TBC-I¹ 2943 , but rathaigis, 2938 . níro raithigh , BNnÉ 184.31 .

Perceives, notices, becomes aware of, in wide sense, not only of sight but of intuition or inference. ro rathaidh (.i. ro mothaig), ACL iii 16 § 34 . ti [leg. cia] . . . rot-rathaig narbsat firgáeth (: brathaig) who perceived that thou wast not wise? SR 1318 . ro rathaig Noe . . . in ḟairge do imthragud, 2547 . dochúaid Ionothán immach . . . dūs in rathaigfed Dauid (: gnāthaiged), 6152 . rat[h]aiges in triar marcach dochom in tige perceived . . . approaching the house , BDD 30 . ro boí ina fiadnaise . . . níro rathaig nech díb aní sin, LU 3956 ( SCC 45 ). ro ráthaing, 3884 ( SCC 45 ). ro rat[h]aig in t-eces mormenmain ind eicsine , Corm. Y 825 s.v. lethech (= ro rathaigestar, Bodl.). nír rathaigsem eter ém I was not at all aware of it , FB 43 . dursan nach Rochad Rigderg rathaigestar, LL 14266 . ráthaigit na minpheccda dogniat ┐ níco ráthaigit na morphecdai, PH 3231 . niro rathaigset ar mad cin doib orcuin Crist they did not see that it would be a sin for them to kill C. , 3233 . Eochu Mugmedón dafuc | Cairinn a hAlpain . . . ro ráthaig Día féin in mbreith | corb í máthair Néill Noígíallaig, Ériu iv 92 § 6a . Pass. tete don dorus, rathuigtir [leg. -ther?] isin tig he is perceived (by those) in the house , IT i 144.2 . ro ráthaiged as tig anall was seen from the house , BDD 71 .

With FOR: ráthaigis ind ingin [leg. ingen] fair in galor i mbui saw by his looks that he was ill , IT i 124.23 . is ed ón ro ráthaiged for erlabra Petair ( his Galilean dialect) was noticed in Peter's speech , PH 3192 . nír ráthaig fuirri a bine he did not discover her sin from her appearance , ZCP v 523.22 . Vn. ráthugud q.v.

1 sin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sin or dil.ie/37567
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sin, sein, sen, sain, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sen, sain, sin, sain, sain, sain, sain, sain, sain, insain, sain, sain, sain, sain, t-ár-sain, sain, séin, iaid-séin, ainnséin, díbh-séin, ei-séin, sine, saine, sene, sini, saine, sine, furri-sene, īarsine, sinee, sei-sean, choigil-sean, n-ainm-sean, dóibh-sean, thoirnsean, orthaibhsean, sion, aigesion, leision, rision, ṡáithsion, bhfághaid-sion, air-sion, san, ionnta-san, ronua-san, a-tá-san, dhol-san, riu-san, dorat-san, atá-san, siad-san, shon-san, son, aitheanta-son, sin, sraitsin, beathaid-sin, deallraidhsin, ṡáithsion, luicht-sin, Maic-sin, bairr-sin, iaid-séin, aim-sin, riui-séin, iarlaisin, dhoi-séin, hÚnai-sin, issin

adv. and demonstr.pron there; that, those (see exx. cited under II (i) below).

Forms. In O.Ir. Glosses always sin, which is the most usual form at all periods. Later also sein, sen, and sain (after non-palatal ending). sein: iar sein , Thes. ii 308.2 ( Hy. ii pref . ). sein (substantival), ib. Thes. ii 308. 23 (do. Comm.). iar sein , SR 3777 (: oentreib). 3705 (: oengein). sein is the form most freq. used by scribe A of LU: í sein , LU 565 . dóib sein , 111 . iar sein , 1231 . ass sein , 4504 . Rare elsewhere in LU: insind aidchi sein , 1545 . sí sein , 8620 . Other instances: Trip.² 447 , 1162 , 2609 . Hib. Min. p. 5.152 , p. 2.29 . MacCarthy 48.22 ( LB 110a ). Corm. Y 206 . From the second half of the Mid.Ir. period this form becomes rare in prose. It does not occur in PH, Aisl. MC or Maund. It remains in bardic verse: (rug) sein, DDána 40.14 (: neimh), 40.13 (gcneidh). It does not occur in TD.

Less freq. sen: Thes. ii 255.7 (Stowe M.), 253.16 (do.), 252.14 (do.). Laws iv 210.y , 206.9 , 190.14 . Corm. Y 110 . LU 911 .

sain: in LU used by both A and M (H seems always to use sin but material not exhaustive). A: and sain , 13 . iat sain , 27 . in recht sain , 133 . isind luc sain , 50 . M: in sét sain , 2158 . isind inud sain , 4094 . insain, 5544 , 9243 . iar sain , 9251 , 9227 .

Other instances of sain: a macsamla sain, SR 5367 (: genair). doib sain , 2761 (: hilberlaib), 4328 (: glain), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . CRR 21 . Laws iv 176.2 . From bardic verse: dhóibh sain , Dán Dé vi 4 (: Peadair). an t-ár-sain , DDána 115.2 (: mhair). sain (substantival), 69.22 (: thosaigh).

Later soin: ō hoin, RSláinte 4747 . ó shoin, IGT Decl. ex. 315 (= Studies 1924, 80 § 6 ). DDána 110.29 (: goimh). ó soin, 54.8 , 39.5 (: thobhoigh).

A form with a long vowel, séin, occurs only in bardic verse and is usually introduced for the sake of the rhyme: iaid-séin, DDána 54.15 (: chéill). ainnséin, TD 21.26 (: féin). Without rhyme: díbh-séin, DDána 96.25 . ei-séin, 80.21 .

Occas. also sine, saine, sene, regarded by Meyer, Wortk. 228 , as an analogical formation on the model of side, saide, sede: iar sini , LU 5245 (H). iar saine (`apart'), Metr. Dinds. iii 114.59 (= LL 195a2 ). ib. 392.81 (iarsine, v.l.) = LL 198b11 . YBL 126b26 . sine, Anecd. ii 35 § 15 (: aile). furri-sene, MacCongl. 3.19 . īarsine (iarsain, v.l. LL), ZCP iv 40.18 (TBFr., Eg.). in tinnscra sinee (sic), ib. 39.7 (= sin, TBFr. App. § 14 (YBL)).

Forms with neutral final first appear in bardic verse ( frie-seon, IT i 75.2 ( LL 260b27 ) is undoubtedly an error for -seom), sean and sion after a palatal ending, san and, rarely, son after a neutral. They occur only as enclitics replacing O.Ir. -som, -si. sean: sei-sean, DDána 69.22 . do choigil-sean , 104.24 . a n-ainm-sean , 100.15 (: lean). dóibh-sean, 63.7 (: cneadh). níor thoirnsean , TD 32.26 . orthaibhsean, 12.11 .

sion (very common in TD): ei-sion, DDána 98.33 (deisiol). aigesion, TD 23.17 . leision, 16.23 . rision, 16.15 . a ṡáithsion , 33.10 . go bhfághaid-sion , Donlevy 42.23 . air-sion, 56.13 .

san: ionnta-san, DDána 122.17 . a cruth . . . ronua-san , 114.26 . a-tá-san, 71.24 . a dhol-san , 69.21 . riu-san, Stair Erc. 1865 . dorat-san, 211 . amhail atá-san , TSh. 284 . siad-san, 4945 . a shon-san , Donlevy 30.16 .

son: a aitheanta-son , Donlevy 52.9 .

With devoicing and delenition of a preceding final: ant sin , Ml. 36a1 . an sraitsin , IGT Decl. ex. 1012 . na beathaid-sin , Dán Dé iv 13 (: fhaicsin). an deallraidhsin , xiv 25 (: thuigsin). But as a rule the final is not affected: in chruth sin, Wb. 12d19 , 13b17 . in chrud sin, 13a6 . and sin, Ml. 72d1 . na . . . maccáin maith sin, Fél. Aug. 2 . a ṡáithsion , TD 33.10 . In bardic verse, sin palatalizes the preceding final (see IGT Introd. § 150 ): an luicht-sin , Dán Dé xvii 26 . an Maic-sin , v 33 . an bairr-sin , DDána 84.42 . iaid-séin, 54.15 . mun aim-sin , 80.22 . TD 8.9 . ag an chrích Albainsin, 24.2 . So also with glide-vowel: riui-séin, DDána 117.2 . don iarlaisin , TD 17.35 . dhoi-séin, Butler Poems 1582 . na hÚnai-sin , 360 .

Usage.

A As adverb (? original use): `nachamdermainte . . .' ised no biad s.¤ it is `forget me not . . .' that would have been there, Ml. 32d5 . ní epur ní s.¤ `I say nothing therein', Sg. 73b6 . docuirethar cétna persan s.¤ persana aili chucae `a first person here (better there) takes other persons to it', 191a2 . roansat sin in dām, Anecd. i 73 § 214 . cotailsiu s.¤ bic a Chu Chulaind, LU 6310 . ni fil brig s.¤ tra, IT i 140.25 .

B As demonstrative,

I Adjectival (usually enclitic).

(a) with article and noun, that, the above-mentioned, the before-mentioned : in chumal s.¤ , Thes. ii 240.3 (Ardm.). a ndéde s.¤ , Wb. 25d8 . dinaib preceptorib s.¤ , 5a4 . a buidigud dosom int soirtha s.¤ `to thank Him for that deliverance', Ml. 62c6b . in Fiac s.¤ , Thes. ii 307.3 ( Hy. II pref . ). cechtar de na da flesc-sain, SR 4328 . in tUath mac Imomain s.¤ , LU 9006 ( FB 75 ). an t-Iruath s.¤ , Maund. 82 . an triur-soin ón tigh neamhdha, DDána 9.12 . mac inghine an Aodha-soin, TD 13.52 . an bhean úd s.¤ , Keat. Poems 76 . Exx. without article: bethusin, Ml. 53c14 . iarsétsain, SR 1687 .

When the subst. is qualified by an adj., sin follows the adj.: a timne sainemail s.¤ , Wb. 3c33 . in euin utmaill s.¤ , Ml. 127c12 . otha na teora bliadna suiri s.¤ , Laws iv 164.6 . dend Eoganacht áinsin, Fél. Oct. 20 . in cumhadh céatna s.¤ , Leb. Cert. 142.15 . fan Magh Laignechsin, Irish Texts ii 28 § 22 .

uile, however, follows sin: ind rétai s.¤ huili, Wb. 5c16 . a met na ree sein uile, SR 141 .

When the subst. is defined by a definite noun in the gen., sin precedes this: don dlúim máir s.¤ inna pecthach, Wb. 9d5 . in gnim s.¤ in tengad, Ml. 31b24 . na bāi s.¤ Echdi Echbēil, Corm. Y 585 . in laithi sen in brātha, 110 . an Maic-sin Dé, Dán Dé v 33 . ic sibul an mhara s.¤ na hIndía, Maund. 240 . mar do bhí an Conaillsin Cuinn, TD 2.36 .

When the dependent genitive is indefinite, sin follows it: a llaa mbrithemnacte s.¤ , Wb. 6b26 . forsa cenélae metir s.¤ , Sg. 8a13 . an lucht feasa s.¤ , PCT 193 . The follg. are exceptional: in cethardoit s.¤ tire, Laws iv 164.10 . ag an chrích Albainsin, TD 24.2 .

Note also: ar nipa dóir a teg n-oiged s.¤ in spirito, Wb. 4a7 .

(b) With O.Ir. (h)í and follg. sin: adib mogæ indí s.¤ `ye are servants of Him', Wb. 3b15 . dindí s.¤ `of Him', 7a2a . talam nání s.¤ `the land of those (people)', 9b19 . inti s.¤ gl. qui, 15d19 . arnaib hi s.¤ gl. illis, Ml. 117b4 . lasinni s.¤ `with him', 36a7 . donaib hi s.¤ `to them', 54b19 . foropoir indhí s.¤ `that man's special business', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.17) . ised dicit hisindi-sein, Hib. Min. 5.152 . ní beram aichni inní s.¤ `we do not know such a one', Imr. Brain 64 .

(c) (h)í-sin with noun and article: int Alaxander hísin, Wb. 28a20 . ní fristait in béstatid n-isin, 12d39 . a mbás n-isin, 15d12 . trisin n-impúd n-isin, Ml. 93a18 . huana fochaidib hisin, 54a18 . ond rainn inmedonich hísin ind aitrebthado, Sg. 198a13 . in fer hísin, Imr. Brain 32 . frissin cróib ísin, 2 . fri ceilebrad ind líthlaithi hisin, Trip.² 439 . forsain choire n-īsin (MS. niṡin), Corm. Y 323 (p. 28.6) . an tech í-sin, Sc.M² R 5 . ind fer ísin, Mon. Tall. 76 (159.2) . forsin n-imarchor n-ísin, LU 5625 (TBC). lasin screich í sin, IT i 67.8 . issé in t-imper ísin Constantinoble doní patrierca, Maund. 30 (transltd. `the Emperor in C.', ? better that emperor of C. Cf. acan imper C., 23 ). forind arracht n-ingnathach hisin, Stair Erc. 1285 . frisin torathar hisin, 1263 .

(d) with noun preceded by possessive (rare in O.Ir.): a fius sin knowledge of that, Wb. 10b27 . a macsamla sain, SR 5367 . a rád s.¤ , MU² 114 . fail a mor-abba dam-sa sain, CRR 18 . a n-anmanna sin, MacCongl. 77.18 . i ló a bheirthei-sean, DDána 17.24 . atá an fairrgi a comard s.¤ ann comadh dóigh . . ., Maund. 180 . a aitherrach s.¤ do fregra, 27 . a bhfulang s.¤ , TSh. 6218 .

(e) with conjugated prepp. (when the pron. implied has neuter or abstract force, and when the prep. retains the stress, i.e. does not merely replace by the form of 3 s.n. the O.Ir. simple prep.). Here, later, freq. but not always, sin replaces O.Ir. -som, -si (see next section): as s.¤ , PH 3186 . Maund. 8 . is samlid s.¤ dano bid ícc disi tuistiu claindde, Wb. 28b17 . niba samlid doemsa mo thuaid insin `it will not be so that I shall defend my people', Ml. 37c20 . is samlid insin, 34b6 . amlaid s.¤ , LU 2154 ( FA 22 ). ni hamhlaid s.¤ dobí, Maund. 118 . air s.¤ , Imr. Brain 60 . LU 8555 ( FB 41 ). is airi insin rocualasu guth m'ernaigdese, Ml. 50d7 . is airi insin darigensat, Sg. 213a1 . ? is airi nobíth digaimm leo ante ρ sin, 9b10 (Edd.'s note: ` sin might go with is airi ', cf. Ml. 37c20 , cited above). airi sein, LU 767 ( ACC Comm . ). a testa de-s.¤ , Sc.M² 6 . conid de s.¤ atát na trenae samna, LU 3226 ( SCC 1 ). de s.¤ , Stair Erc. 294 . is dó sein arróet som in ainm is Cotraigi, IT i 17.32 . is dó-sin as-rubrad, Sc.M² R 1 . is úas in sluinnsius foi s.¤ , LU 803 ( ACC Comm . ). is sí cétbaid ala n-aile ant s.¤ `that is the opinion of some there', Ml. 36a1 . is [s]ruithiu la Feine in foesam and-sen oldás . . ., Laws iv 206.9 . and s.¤ , Trip.² 168 . and s.¤ there, LU 2096 . ann s.¤ then, Stair Erc. 838 . iarmu s.¤ after that, IT i 120.30 ( TE 5 ). iarma s.¤ , PH 5656 . i comfhat ro bátar immi sain, MU² 306 . imme-sin, PH 12 . uimme-sin, 625 . leis s.¤ do thréig féin a uile mhaitheas, TSh. 364 . batar fri cíana móir oca s.¤ , LU 3289 ( SCC 8 ). do bhí a ḟios aigesion, TD 23.17 . reimhe-s.¤ before, Sc.M² R 18 . riamh roimhe s.¤ , PCT 170 . ná ciontaigh sinn seacha s.¤ , DDána 25a.15 . trit s.¤ on that account, Maund. 26 .

(f) replacing O.Ir. -som, -si with verbs and pronn.: táncatar s.¤ . . . da mórad áig ┐ urgaile, MU² 577 . ra-chuala sain Carpre, CRR 45 . dollotar sain co Tráig mBále, 10 . ro-ercransat s.¤ uli amal foscad no ciaig, PH 4265 . mar [do] mhaith soin, Dán Dé v 30 . atbert s.¤ , Maund. 34 . iaid-séin (: chéill), DDána 54.15 . eision agus i-se, 98.33 . sei-sean, 69.22 . siadsan, TSh. 4945 . íatsan, Maund. 157 . demmun aridralistar s.¤ `a demon has contrived it', Mon. Tall. 66 (153.27) . dosrat s.¤ ina théig libair, MacCongl. 9.21 .

II Substantival (stressed) (in O.Ir. usually in sin see GOI § 482 ) except after prepp.

(a) after simple prepp. (in some cases later replaced by petrified 3 s.n., e.g. faoi sin, ann sin see I (e) above): a s.¤ `therefrom', Ml. 59a21 . is follus a s.¤ tra `hence then it is clear', Sg. 5a10 . amal s.¤ , PH 116 . nonsóirni a dæ ar s.¤ `on account of that', Ml. 136c11 . a eneclainn co s.¤ anall, Críth G. 264 . cen aithgne a litri có s.¤ , Trip.² 97 . fo anmchairdini E. robúisom co s.¤ anald, Mon. Tall. 136.13 . doruménair co s.¤ combá mac dond ríg hé, LU 1676 . scela in chatha co s.¤ , PH 7267 . di s.¤ dulluid in t-aingel cuci `then', Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). ní torban dom níi di s.¤ `nothing of that profits me', Wb. 12b32 . di s.¤ gl. exinde, Ml. 90d13 . is di ṡ.¤ asberr séra , Sg. 183b3 . ro mórad ainm nDé . . . di sein, Trip.² 548 . coir duit mo marbad di ṡhain, SR 1531 . dessimrecht . . . do s.¤ , Wb. 25d8 . is fochetoir trá fo s.¤ `then in that case it is at once (?)', Ml. 42c24 . ind ḟír fo ṡ. `truly according to that', Sg. 106a5 . a canar dind offriund for sen `thereafter', Thes. ii 252.14 (Stowe M.). cid as dénti fri s.¤ , `what is to be done with reference to that', Wb. 12d41 . is i s.¤ rafetar [a]ngil `it is therein that angels know Him', 28c12 . hi s.¤ there, 33b7 . issin therein, 12d5 (ref. to isinbiuthso gl. in hoc mundo, 12d4 ). hi s.¤ here, Sg. 61b13 . ni taet guth isson (`leg. issen = issin?' Edd.) `here no voice cometh', Thes. ii 253.7 (or to son?). dlomis fíacc dóib iar s.¤ `afterwards', 242.14 (Ardm.). isint senmim dedenach ar ni bia senim terchomric iar s.¤ , Wb. 13d18 . iar sein gl. iarum, Thes. ii 315.40 . ní bu chían íar s.¤ coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain 62 . íar s.¤ , MU² 1025 (LU). iar s.¤ , Maund. 154 . la s.¤ `therewith', Thes. ii 291.15 ( Ml. Poems I ). la s.¤ didiu atraigh in t-ēicsīne , Corm. Y p. 70.3 . o sein (o ṡein, v.l.) ille, Thes. ii 308.4 ( Hy. II pref . ). trīcha laithe . . . | ō ṡ.¤ co cenn a uide, Bruchst. 57 § 128 ( AFM 1022 A.D . ). ro gell . . . na fegbad Erind o ṡein immach from that time onwards, LU 306 ( ACC Pref . ). Áth Féinne a ainm o ṡain ille since then, TBC-LL¹ 4948 . ó shoin i le, Dán Dé vi 5 . ó ṡoin, Maund. 102 . ó s.¤ , ib. ó shoin amach, TSh. 75 . ó s.¤ a le, PCT 75 . ac s.¤ chucut do ríg, PH 4376 . ní cúalatar guth dæ re s.¤ `before that', Ml. 102d7 . ná[d] roga(i)b seilb ná comarbus ria s.¤ , Críth G. 37 . an immon (= immáin) sech s.¤ īarom dognīat na bāi, Corm. Y 674 . tri s.¤ gl. perinde, Ml. 60b15 .

(b) with cenmothá and íarmothá: a chommaín cinn bliadna cenmothā s.¤ , Sc.M² 2 . na ocht grad cenmothá s.¤ , SR 785 . cach fuasnud iarmotha s.¤ cin indurba, Laws ii 290.24 .

(c) after acht: acht sain o tat ina mbiu | nochan fuil . . ., Anecd. ii 35 § 12 . duit ra thócbus cend innocht | acht sain ní bia diar comroc, LL 210b22 .

(d) after the equative: is denithir s.¤ ara-chrin cumachtae inna pecthach `even so swiftly does the power of sinners perish', Ml. 57c12 . amal as suthain riuth gréne síc bith suthainidir s.¤ ainm Solmon `even so lasting', 90b10 . amal as ndínim la nech . . . is dínnímidir insin la dia . . . `so little trouble is it to God', 61b28 . is lerigtir sin, RC iii 346.21 ( Aisl. Óeng. 12 ). is denitir s.¤ rosaigh fudumne pene, Mon. Tall. 85 (162.39) .

(e) accus. with verb: ní pí ciall la nech dogní insin, Wb. 29b11 . fomnid insin `take ye heed of that', 20b15 . Gobban durigni insin, Thes. ii 294.13 ( Ml. Poems III ). asbeir som insin do dia `he says that of God', Ml. 51d25 . mar atchualá Euá insain, SR 1717 . nā ráid ind s.¤ , MacCongl. 61.15 . is i persin Crist dagníusa s.¤ , Wb. 14d26 . intliucht tra conricci s.¤ `(such is) then the sense so far', Ml. 44b10 - 11 . cid ara cuinchi siu sein?, Thes. ii 307.12 - 13 ( Hy. ii pref . ). adcūaid īarom an gilla d'Athairne s.¤ , Corm. Y 690 . ní moladar som s.¤ , Mon. Tall. 23 (135.14) . in ri rodelba sain, SR 331 . ní ḟeadarsa cosaniú s.¤ , BDD² 148 . dorindetur-san s.¤ , Maund. 199 .

(f) nom. with pass. verb: do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin, Wb. 12d26 . coṅgaibther huile hí crist insin, Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.). dogéntar uli in-sin, PH 2248 . increchthar sein ar ní deichned iar ndílsi tormach sillaibi, LU 463 . do féchad s.¤ co menic, Maund. 92 .

(g) nom. with subst. verb: ni pia detsiu insin `that will not be to Thee', Wb. 32c12 . ata di thrummai na fochaide insin that is (so) from the weight of the tribulations, Ml. 23a19 .

(h) nom. of active verb: artáott troscud s.¤ `this serves in place of a fast', Mon. Tall. 80 (161.12) . tre n-a croidhe do-chuaidh s.¤ , DDána 16.6 . creud chialluigheas s.¤ , Donlevy 26.18 .

(i) with copula: nitat midrera óisa foirbthi insin, Wb. 22b17 . ni cosmil fri gnímu angil insin, 32c7 . airde serce móre insin, 24c2 (copula omitted before airde). creitmech s.¤ as messa ancreitmech, 28d23 . is briathar de insin, Ml. 31c7 . fo deud s.¤ `this (is) at the end', Sg. 72a6 . `Fiac s.¤' ol D. `F. is the man', Thes. ii 307.14 ( Hy. ii pref . ). sóerchéli na flatha . . . óes insin bís [i] coímthecht do ḟlaith, Críth G. 594 . athgabail in sin ad fenar fo fio that is a type of distraint that . . ., Laws i 256.6 . cóicc noíb in sin do muintir P., Trip.² 820 . fairend . . . s.¤ dogníat trócaire, LU 2194 ( FA 27 ). ní bréc sain, MacCarthy 210.3 ( LL 129b ). lebor s.¤ i follsigther . . ., PH 3985 . ` Ísu conagum' . . . `Is mesi s.¤', 3108 . mairg gaollucht dan séala sain, DDána 20.14 . breath s.¤ do dhearbh gach duine, TD 15.15 . is hed insin a llínn i ngaib diabul peccatores gl. laqueum diabuli, Wb. 29b19 . is hed insin forchun do chách `that is what I teach to every one', 10a13 . in n-ed insin furuar dait, Ml. 44b 10 - 11 . ised dano insin dorosluínd cainchomrac ar mu chnamaibse `that moreover denied peace to my bones', 58a11 . it hé insin .vii. cléithe ó ndírenar cach bóaire, Críth G. 157 . iss é in(n)sin im[m]athoing smachtu, 37 . it é in sin dá macc E., Trip.² 2063 . at he sein in da se rind, SR 257 . bid si s.¤ mini na hesorgni, LU 8655 ( FB 48 ). is í s.¤ cathuir is mó sa doman, Maund. 182 . a phosd cothaighthe is sé s.¤ `that is the post on which he is stayed', TD 22a.5 . gonadh é s.¤ an modh ar ar fhágaibh M. . . . a thighearnas dá éisi, Maguires of F. 99 . is hed for n-ainm insin `that is your name', Wb. 5a17 (cf. is hed bunad mo chlainde `that is my clan's stock', ib. 19 . ) issí écmailte in choscair insin `that is the insolence of the victory', Ml. 33c13 . is ed tír mbó la Féniu insin, Críth G. 92 . is hí immurco foropir cáich lindi indsin `this indeed is what we consider to be the additional labour of each man', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.12) . it é dáilemain adad dech fil i nHérinn in sin those are the best cupbearers, BDD² 1160 . fer fothlai, cid ara ne(i)per[r]? Is é remibí bóairechaib insin, Críth G. 249 . conid e epscop insin cita-ro-oirtned that was the bishop who was first ordained, Thes. ii 241.15 (Ardm.). méit donindnagar fornni fochith issí méit insin donindnagar in díthnad `in proportion as suffering is bestowed upon us, so is the consolation that is bestowed', Wb. 14b15 . issí dias insin oingther leusom, Tur. 4 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab duaid, Ml. 35a8 . is hæ lin pars insin bis i n-obli, Thes. ii 254.18 (Stowe M.). ised uatath in sain conoirg fri sochaid those are the few that . . ., Laws iv 176.2 . air it he teora trebuire in sen nad rithrolat . . . comarbai, 210.y . iss ed ārus indsin i rraba Glass, Corm. Y p. 75.17 . bíadd prantigi dano ised aonach ndedenach indsin is coir do imbirt isna mbelaib iar praind hi sessam ┐ hi praindtig a cetal, Mon. Tall. 83 (162.2) . ba sí úair insin dolluid Fedelm . . . asind rígthig, LU 8223 ( FB 17 ). iss ed eret no bitis Ulaid insin i mMaig Murthemni (leg. eret insin . . .), 3224 ( SCC 1 ).

(j) in vn. constructions: ní áil tra insin do epirt, Wb. 27c8 . ni fíu dúibsi insin do é[it]secht, 18c11 . is mar so is cōir s.¤ do rādh, Corm. Y 684 . ba heicen . . . do ingenaib Emna s.¤ do dénam, Sc.M² R 20 . ro-líset-sum for Ísu s.¤ do ráda, PH 3147 . do gell E. s.¤ do dhigail for L., Stair Erc. 904 .