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anfaitech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfaitech or dil.ie/3556

 

adj (faitech) unwary, careless: anfot [.i.] anfatech, RC xx 278.4 (ACC). araile fer anḟaitech, Three Hom. 72.17 ( Lism. L. 1395 ). Cf. Irish Texts i 10 § 32 . ? cro con anfaitig untrained(?), Laws iii 416.7 .i. co tabair con mir (leg. conmír ?) for in slait reime isin cro, 14 Comm. eirgi con anfaitche, 11 . Adv. co hanbfaitech nemfegtach, LB 234b23 .

aníar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aníar or dil.ie/3645
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aníarana

(cf. 1 íar, tíar etc.) Adv. of place stressed on second syll., see Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 § 217 and rhyming exx. infra. Also aníarana.

(a) from behind: in fobairthi-si éirgi tairis a.¤ ? Mer. Uil. 60 . occá sirḟegad imme anair ┐ a.¤ anes ┐ atúaid, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). iter armaib . . . na laechraidi . . . uime anoir ┐ a.¤ `in front and rear', TTebe 983 . In phr. fri x a.¤ towards x from behind, behind x (indicating position rather than motion): condechaid triana chend ┐ co romarb nónbar ris a.¤ behind him, RC iii 179.12 ( LL 13994 ). cethraimthe Taige Midchuardda / bíd fri ríg aniar /teora cethramtha aile / sair co dorus dian, LL 3707 . Perh. also in: fer gill do gíal(d)naib friu a.¤ , Críth G. 586 . triar fris a.¤ ┐ anoir, BDD² 677 .

(b) from the west (very often implying position rather than motion): duimchella son in cathraig andes ┐ a.¤ , Ml. 67d8 . co nn-aca in scath chuci a.¤ , LU 9058 ( FB 81 ). ro-dālsat-som etir a.¤ ┐ anair, Sc.M² 5 . tuc leathtorad maistirtha aniar brought in (i.e. from the kitchen), Lism. L. 1296 = protulit, Lat. Lives 65 . Of the west wind: aniar (anair MS) ind odur engach, SR 72 . i n-aghaidh na gaoithe aniar, TSh. 10718 . With the idea of motion much reduced : coinnm[h]e a-níarana 's a-noir / foirne íarradha eallaigh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 § 218. 9 ( Ériu v 56.59 ). bean do ḟréimh Uidhir fa an-iar / ag réir chliar dar dhoiligh díol a woman . . . from the west, DDána 103.2 . inghean Con Connacht fa a-niar, 12 . fa a thuathaibh do iadh 'n-a fhéithleannaigh / gur léircheangail a-niar go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . do fholchadar . . . / . . . / an maghsain a-noir 's a-niar (: Ghailfhian) on all sides, 33.21 . detiu . . . tair . . . aircsiu nama aniar `in the east . . . in the west', Laws i 66.21 Comm. airm itát na laith a.¤ bérait toilg trisin cath sair, TBC-LL¹ 5773 . do-bhir an ghrian fa Lach Léin / a dath féin a.¤ um nóin, IGT Decl. ex. 884 . don taoibhse aniar `to the west', TD 14.20 . In phrase fri x a.¤ west of x (of position): fri abinn a.¤ , Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). fri grecia a.¤ `west of Greece', Wb. 6d17 . fri iordanen anear, ZCP xxi 288 § 42 . (cryptic) aninchiar (MS. aninoibiar) .i. aníar, Goid. 78 § 192 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

Compds. ¤-dess from or in the south-west: aneordes, Thes. i 3. 18 note c. and p. 715 . adchíad nell a. a ndochum, RC x 72.17 . aniardess (of the wind called Favonius), Hib. Min. 40.10 . ¤-túaid from or in the north-west: a. (of the wind called Circius), Thes. ii 13.30 (BCr.). aniarthuaid (of Pessima), Hib. Min. 40.25 . don aird aniartuaidh, Ériu viii 121.28 . fri Domnach Mór aníartuaith north-west of D.M., Trip.² 2411 . re taobh Themrach aniartuaidh, ZCP xi 44 § 63 .

at-reig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-reig or dil.ie/4913
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ineresomni, a(t)fraig(id), atré, atraacht, atraracht, atomriug, atomregar, adreig, atraig, attruic, adraidhe, adraigi, atfraigh, affraig, afraig, atafraig, atragat, afraigid, atra, ardotrái, atrōi, érig, eirig, érged, afraigid, atraiged, atraidis, -erus, -eirreis, adré, -éir, condaǽrset, -eirset, -érsat, atressed, adtresed, -eirsed, atammresa, -érus-sa, ad-reis, atré, asr, atresim-ne, ata reset, atresat, atrésit, addreset, attrasatt, atresed, dotresed, atrestáis, atreistis, -eirsitis, adomracht, atomraracht, érracht, rotéracht, -errachtair, atracht, atarecht, atraacht, atráracht, asráracht, a-dreacht, a-drécht, erracht, -érracht, -erracht, -errecht, atra, at-re, adre, dotracht, atrachtabar, asrarachtatar, atarachtatár, atráchtatar, atrachtár, -errachtatar, atrachtus, atrachtais, atrachtsat, -setar, atraighsiot, atraidhset

v (* ess-reg, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 594 ) with inf. pron. agreeing in number, person and gender with subject in meaning rises (often also rises and goes, goes). Perh. archaic use without pron. in: ineresomni gl. suscitare, Thes. i 713.26 (`in which we will raise(?)', note). Note also: atomrachtatar, ZCP xii 365.17 (meaning not clear). Later with gradual obsolescence of inf. pron., beginning where verb is in dependent position, and ultimately as simple verb éirgid, q.v. Some forms of the s-subj. and fut. may explain exx. given under dreisid. In mid. Irish a form a(t)fraig(id) arises with inorganic -f- prob. originating in cases where the inf. pron. ended in a vowel (cf. ataregat, LU 8191 , atafregat, 8200 ). (Leniting forms a more likely starting-point Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 85 ). The ipv. atré, etc. is an orig. s-subj. form ( GOI 375 , Watkins, Celt. Verb 139 , Zimmer, KZ xxx 118 - 119 ). The s-subj. and fut. are distinguishable only by context. The form atraacht occurring occas. in mid. Ir. may be a dissimilation-form from the perf. atraracht. Cf. also atralacht cited below. For archaic forms permissible in classical verse see IGT Verbs § 17 .

Indic. pres. 1 s. atomriug, Thes. ii 354.24 (perh. rather to be referred to ad-rig, see Binchy, Ériu xx 232 - 234 ). atomregar, MacCongl. 83.26 . 3 s. adreig, Wb. 13a12 . atraig, LU 8191 ( FB 14 ). attruic, LU 633 (ACC). adroigh, Studies 1918, 282 § 17 . ? adraidhe (: slaidhe), SG 148.11 = adraigi, Acall. 2421 . atfraigh (see above), ACL iii 3.31 . affraig, LU 8196 ( FB 14 ). afraig (atfraich v.l.), IT i 265 § 27 . atafraig (fem.), LU 8810 ( FB 15 ). 3 pl. atragat, 8843 (ib. 64 ). afraigid, RC xii 100 § 137 . Ipv. 2 s. (see above) atræ, Ml. 126c3 . atra, LU 3533 ( SCC 30 ). ardotrái (attraicc, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 4766 = atrōi, TBC-I¹ 3012 (cf. ar-éirig and artotroi (.i. eirig) a Chuscraid, Ériu viii 173 § 3 ). érig, LU 3592 ( SCC 30 ). eirig, IT i 125.1 . 3 s. érged, LU 8130 ( FB 9 ). 2 pl. afraigid, TBC-I¹ 3081 , 3456 (afraighid suas dénaidh eachd, O'Cl.). Indic. impf. 3 s. atraiged, Rawl. 84a53 . 3 pl. atraidis, BB 300a12 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. -erus, Thes. ii 357.17 . 2 s. -eirreis, SR 1172 . 3 s. adré (: sé), IGT Verbs ex. 215 . -éir, TBC-LL¹ 3752 . 3 pl. condaǽrset, Ml. 46a12 . -eirset, TBC-LL¹ 2797 . -érsat, 769 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atressed, LL 12574 . adtresed, YBL 214b15 (printed addrecht , Ériu i 118.1 ). -eirsed, Trip.² 463 . TBC-LL¹ 4543 .

Fut. 1 s. atammresa (= res sa), Ml. 31c14 . -érus-sa, MU² 1047 . 2 s. ad-reis, Lism. L. 2660 . 3 s. atré, TBC-LL¹ 985 . asr, Anecd. ii 14.11 . 1 pl. atresim-ne, PH 3531 . 3 pl. ata reset, Blathm. 955 . atresat, TBC-LL¹ 985 . atrésit, PH 3596 . addreset, Gorm. Apr. 22 . attrasatt, ZCP x 344.6 . Condit. 3 s. atresed, PH 4753 . With change of preverb dotresed, PH 1859 . 3 pl. atrestáis, TBC-LL¹ 1166 . atreistis, CCath. 1093 . -eirsitis, BNnÉ 33.38 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. adomracht, RC x 88.1 . atomraracht, MacCongl. 83.31 . conom érracht , LU 10761 . 2 s. ni rotéracht , Trip. 458.29 . -errachtair (erachtais v.l.), Lism. L. 2660 . 3 s. atracht, LU 8420 ( FB 29 ). atarecht (with fem. subj.), Vita Br. 33 . atraacht, TBC-LL¹ 1941 (see above). asraracht, LU 10790 . atráracht, Trip.² 612 . asráracht, 2287 . Cf. atralacht, LU 3655 ( SCC 32 ). a-dreacht, Dán Dé xxvi 32 . a-drécht (: écht), IGT Verbs ex. 216 . ro erracht , ACL iii 14.26 . -érracht, LU 312 . -erracht, 313 . -errecht, Todd Nenn. 180.6 . Note also: atra, LL 398b13 . at-re, ACL iii 311.1 . adre, Marco P. 8 , 54 (? scribal errors). With change of preverb: dotracht, RC xxiv 377.11 . 2 pl. atrachtabar, PH 3769 . 3 pl. asrarachtatar, Trip.² 2719 . atarachtatár, LU 4900 (TBC). atraachtatar, TBC-LL¹ 2643 . atráchtatar, 3601 . atrachtár, SR 4461 (guaranteed by metre). atrarochtor, RC xii 96 § 127 . -errachtatar, Alex. 895 . With endings of s- pret. 1 s. atrachtus, PH 1540 . 2 s. atrachtais, PH 1245 . 3 pl. atrachtsat, PH 1286 . atráigestar, TBC-LL¹ 3970 (sic. Leg. -setar?). atraighsiot, AFM vi 2098.y . atraidhset, Ann. Conn. 1230.4 .

Vn. éirge.

(a) rises: nach tan atraig ┐ . . . noch dand suides `whenever he rises and whenever he sits down', Mon. Tall. 140.20 (§ 32) . atresat uile la hescomlúd duitsiu `all will arise at thy going forth', TTr.² 101 . Of arising from sleep, etc.: geiss dó grian d'ergi fair . . . acht combad é atressed rempe, LL 12574 . ni indnais fort lepuidh dia not-erruis, ZCP xiii 280.15 . dorochair cotlud form conom érracht innossa, LU 10761 . Of recovery from wounds: atré slemun slán-chréchtach `he shall arise smooth and sound of wounds', Metr. Dinds. iii 166.28 .

With follg. accus. attruic (.i. atraracht) roard tráth Dé Colum cuitechta ascends to the company of God, LU 633 (ACC). adrē frach (? leg. fráech ed.) fírbrātha, ZCP viii 211.25 . at-rae buaíd ┐ bennachtain (a greeting), Grail 1690 . With cogn. accus. at-raachtatar Ulaid érgi n-aínfir ar a fathchi . . . amach arose as one man and went out, MU² 246 . la sodhain tra attrachtsat lucht na cathrach ēirgi athlamh aoinfhir, Fl. Earls 120.29 .

In various extended applications: atraidis bolga nemi for a ngruaidib appeared, BB 300a12 . Of noise, emotions etc.: asraracht a interiecht ngallraigthi, Anecd. ii 48 § 9 . ni errachtatar lind . . . ferga, Alex. 895 . atracht en gaili . . . ind, Cog. 188.15 . Arises, occurs, happens: conerrachtatar catha ┐ debtha occo fein, Anecd. iii 68.20 . Grows up, matures, extends: feib atré in mac bec atresat a gníma óclachais leis, TBC-LL¹ 985 . atraracht nert claindi Dedad the power of Clann D. increased, ZCP viii 303.14 .

Meaning frequently more closely defined by prepp. and advv.

With A: atrecht in lūan lāth asa mullach, TBC-I¹ 397 . co n-érsat Ulaid assa cess, TBC-LL¹ 769 . intan adregat asa suan, Ériu ii 130 § 98 . in t-inad asa n-errachtair (erachtais v.l.) innósa . . . is as adreis do mórdhail bratha it is from there you will arise and go to the great meeting of judgement, Lism. L. 2660 . adreisit na huili marbh a talam, RC xxviii 316 § 21 . atracht a bás, BNnÉ 14 § 18 . atrarochtor na Fomoire asa scoraibh sechtair `marched out of . . .', RC xii 96 § 127 . atracht as cach fasach i n-a cele she passed from one wilderness to another, v 199 § 5 .

With co: hi tiugnair atreset sil nAdaim cusin ḟuigell n-aurdeirc will rise to meet, KMMisc. 146 § 7 . atrachtsat na ríghu gusin airdrí, BNnÉ 324 § 37 .

With DI: atré lassar lond de loiscfess talum uli, KMMisc. 146.20 .

With DO rises to meet, to attack, makes for: co n-érracht cach di alailiu isin dail co rabi cach díib i n-ár a cheili, Trip.² 497 . ataregat ind fir dó the men attack him, LU 6164 (TBC). atractatar na slóig aile dóib, CRR 34 . atomregar dō . . . co herard `I advanced to meet him', MacCongl. 83.26 . atraacht glass-anfud in mara . . . dóib, CRR 10 . atraig Fergus dia chlaidiub F. rises to get his sword, LU 5412 (TBC). atrachtsad (adraigseatar v.l.) Laigin do gabail foraib, Anecd. i 18.1 . atraig Brían don tiprait tall goes, Ériu iv 102.1 .

With FOR (later AR): at-raachtatar . . . ara n-armaib they made for their weapons, MU² 161 . tecuit uile ┐ atraig forru they all come and she overpowers them(?), ACL iii 326.18 . co n-erecht a neart for Saxana his strength grew over the S., Todd Nenn. 180.6 . adre in sliabh . . . for an sliabh naill `the mountain arose and went on the other mountain', Marco P. 8 . at-raracht matin . . . for [rig]raith na Temrach went out on, ZCP xx 218 § 1 . ataregat int shlúaig huili ara chend rise before him, TBFr. 276 . atbertar sund asregad sidi ar cend a martra would go to meet, YBL 121a28 .

With FRI: ciphe gním frisan-erreis whatever deed you may undertake, SR 1172 . in t-epscop . . . na hérracht fri humhalóit asré fri denam cuil the bishop who did not rise up as a mark of respect from humility will arise to do evil, Anecd. ii 14.10 . atrestáis mathi in choicid rit báig the nobles of the province would rise to your call, TBC-LL¹ 1166 . atracht in mílid frisin mbéist the soldier attacked the serpent, PH 7234 . co n-eraig fri cach lin immodcing `rises against' (of a stream), Ériu ii 114 § 40 . at-racht grían ra lecnib na hIrlúachra, MU² 457 .

With I: adomracht am ṡeasam, RC x 88.1 . atraghat . . . Túath Dé imbaidh na nAthnensta then the T.D. form a confederacy with the Athenians, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.26 . ni eracht an fer aile ina aididh no cia atracht did not attack him, Laws v 304.19 Comm. atraghat an aenfecht (v.l.) ina[n] dóchum they arise to attack them together, CCath. 1886 . atracht Pilip i n-agaid Hiruaith co fhalti fris rose to welcome H., PH 844 .

With IMM: atresat righ ┐ rigfile[d] . . . iman orgain-si, Anecd. ii 50.8 .

With LA: genco heirset Ullta aile léo `should go along with them', IT ii2 123.35 .

With ó: atré slán o neimib a n-arm, Dinds. 39 ( RC xv 427 ). an doigh do chuaidh ad chridhe / adroigh uaibh ar mh'impidhe, Studies 1918, 282 § 17 . ? ar[n]a heirsed cogad uaidib doris asin Troi for Greco, BB 444bz .

With ÓS: re fiuchud na ferge fírgarge hitrácht úasto, LU 6466 (TBC). tic . . . tond baiti . . . ┐ adraig (adraid MS) a n-airdi uasin luing, Aen. 248 .

With RÉ rises before (in token of respect): is e ceta neracht riam, Laws iii 28.10 . rofuacradh lasind righ connach h-eirsiud nech reme-seom, Anecd. iii 34.z . ní érrac[h]t nech dibh reme, ii 14.5 . feraid . . . fāilte fris ┐ attraig riam, ZCP viii 311.38 . atrachtatar remi huile `they all rose up to greet him', Ériu iv 128.14 .

With advv.: adre amach dar beōlu in dūin `goes out', Marco P. 23 . at-racht sūas, Sc.M² 4 . afraighídh suas, dénaidh echt, marbhaidh an tréd immon torc, AFM i 506.14 . afraigidh .i. éirghídh amhail atá . . . afraighidh suas dénaidh eachd, O'Cl.

céimnigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céimnigid or dil.ie/8472
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: céimniugad

v (céim). In Laws Comm. etc. freq. in etymol. glosses on cingid and related words: ceimnigid gl. cengur, Laws i 292.32 Comm. cēimnighter gl. cengar, Anecd. v 26 n.15 . ceird .i. ceimniugud no cing, [ut est] mairg misceird .i. mairg dia ceimni[g]ther in ceird sin, O'Dav. 392 ( Ériu xiii 25.15 ). ". . . ara cae osor sinnsir", .i. eirgi no ceinmighas in tí is ó roim in tí is sine, Laws iv 372.4 Comm. ( O'Dav. 122 ). .vii. cemnigeatu na heacalsa, no seacht for a ceimnigter grada na hecailsi gl. seacht ngraid, v 22.4 Comm. is amlaid imdrengar .i. is amhlaidh eimh ceimnighthir isinn ogam, Auraic. 991 . Note further: la cumhail (. . .) mbó ar lucht na n-orchríche tar a ccémníghiond amach, Ériu xiii 49.20 . secht ccumhala gacha fir go móirṡesior .k. .i. go logh enech d' ióc risan aon as cenn ór chémnighesttar, 50.8 . conclethi [fri tír] .i. amail . . . cemnigis dochum tire, O'Dav. 536 (cf. ZCP xxii 32 ).

Steps, proceeds, goes : ca crich as ar cemnigis?, RC i 48.30 . ni cheimniged for a chosaib, MR 42.7 . is amhloidh ro chēimnighmís, | slóigh mhóra imm ar ttighearna, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 185.5 . roceimnigh a spirut co henirt ann, Aisl. Tond. i § 3 . ruibér . . . chēimniges sechnōin in tīre, Fl. Earls 26.29 . gurab luaithe chéimnigheas an bás sna haimsearaibh se, TSh. 89 .

Exceptionally: gur cheimnigh se tusa d'fhagbhail gach aen neithe t-saeghalta = quia ad omnia terrena relinquenda te inspiravit, ITS xxix 223.11 . uair do ceim(h)nigh se toil a Athar a n-aghaidh toile a naduire daena fein, Smaointe B. Chr. 1173 ? sequere, Gloss.

Vn. céimniugad.

éirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éirge or dil.ie/19822
Last Revised: 2019

 

io, n. later f. (vn. of at-reig (as-reig) and éirgid).

(a) rising, standing up, springing up: erge .i. comgabail, a verbo erigo , Corm. Y 520 . 549 . tothim cen éirge, Wb. 5b10 . etbert (MS eibert) ærgi du Dia, Ml. 83a5 , Études Celt. xl 73 . la eirgi súas co opund, FB 25 . forcongraimm fort ergi, PH 1362 . 2640 . 2777 . Of rising from table: éirghe ó fíndigh rising from the banquet TD 9.33 . As a token of respect: gan iadsan d'éirghe re ccách, TD ii 228.29 . Of rising in the morning: isin matin oc ærgiu, Ml. 21c3 . Hence: tráth éirgi daybreak, sunrise: ó thráth éirge co hiarnóin, Metr. Dinds. iv 40.16 . Cog. 76.7 . co trath erghi, IT i 126.7 . TBC-LL¹ 631.1691 . Aen. 2933 . ré n-éirghe mhaidne, TD 11.30 . Of the sun: ba do geasaibh righ Éreann grian d'erghe fair i dTeamraigh, ITS v 20.3 . Of rising from a sick-bed: ní ro ṡaoilsiot a eirghe-siumh i n-eallmha as in lighe ina mbaoi, AFM vi 1928.28 . Of a storm: ar n-éirghe anfaidh, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 285 . Of war breaking out: cogadh d'éirghe eidir Ultaibh...is sluagh Chruachan TD 3.14 . AFM v 1490.18 . Of rising to one's oar in rowing: éirghi ard ar earluinn ráimhe, IGT, Decl. ex. 591 .

(b) resurrection: di gein Christ... ┐ dia erghi ┐ fresgabail, Hib. Min. 10.323 . ria n-aimsir na héirghe móire lái an bhrátha, BNnÉ 62.17 .

(c) mounting, ascending, soaring: febus na hergi dorinne ...isin dilait `the leap...into the saddle' ZCP vi 97.13 . in fobairthi-si éirgi tairis aníar can you climb out over him ? (of a sleeping giant) Mer. Uil. 60 = BB 445b29 . Of liquids, vapours, etc.: usci na habann ag eirghi uime, TTebe 3619 . doighir dheataigh...iar n-éirghe a smúit-theinidh fhlich dhó, TSh. 6372 . é.¤ aigenta mental exaltation, spirit, cheer: céim d'éirghe aigeanta, Gofraidh Fionn, Ir. Monthly 1919, 4 . ní tuar éirghe aigeanta, TD 14.23 . Cf. éirgid (e).

(d) growing up, maturing: oilen...ina [n]denaid na mná dubhachus trena clainn d'ergi ┐ subachus trena clainn d'ēc go luath, Maund. 263 .

(e) rising in hostility, taking up arms, attacking: erghi athlam urmaisneach an attack YBL 337b8 = Celt. Rev. iv 10 z . scríbne anoir d'adhnadh érghi to incite rebellion (?) IGT, Decl. ex. 1357 .

(f) starting up, setting forth, proceeding, setting about: érge seó, mithig damsa, SCC 45 . Osairge... .i. eirghi amail ossu allta leó ic teiched, Cóir Anm. 213 . ré héirghe amach dhó as he rose (and went) out TSh. 8740 .

(g) With various prepp.: é.¤ as, de desisting, ceasing from, departing from: éirghe a cumann an chealgaire to quit the company of TSh. 10522 . é.¤ as an bpecadh, Parrth. Anma 113.1 . Luc. Fid. 65.17 . ni maith cath...gebat sid is erge de `I will accept peace and stay of battle' Metr. Dinds. iv 360.135 . gan éirghi do chanamhain ghnáthaigh not to depart from (the usage of) customary speech IGT, Introd. § 102 .

é.¤ do befalling, happening to: do chualadar áitheas d'éirghe do M. that M. had met with success Keat. ii 5582 . do bithin michinnemhna d'eirghi dona tigernaigibh, Fl. Earls 26.8 .

é.¤ fo (?): ag éirghe fa Iath bhF. attacking TD 10.23 .

é.¤ fri to rise against, rebel against: ar herge doib fri Moise, SR 4474 .

(h) In certain phrases: é.¤ ṡlúag military service: gan do chíos aige orra . . acht éirghe shluagh ar muir is ar tír, Keat. iii 1281 .

é.¤ amach military service, `rising out'; muster, levy: gan eirge amach can sluaigedh orra ag nech without rising out or hosting being due from them to any one L. Chl. S. 44 w . a forchongra...ar eirghe amach na Gaillmhe an storús...do bhreith ...co Sligeach, Hugh Roe, 204.11 (f. 54b) . AFM v 1644.2 ; 1658.17 . báttar éirghe amach Muimhneach annsin ar a chionn, 1632.10 .

é.¤ sliged waylaying, highway robbery: do lig se amach doib an bithunach noch do cuiridur a prisun tre eirghi slighead ┐ tre dunmarbad (i.e. Barabbas), Lib. Flav. ii 8ra 46 . ní do ghlacadh ós aird do nemhthoil anté lérab leis é, mar atá crech, fuadach, eirghe slighedh, Ó Héodhusa 174.3 . tri iomad éirghé sligheadh do bheth da ndeanamh ann [264].1 . is iomdha áit ar an mbealach ar ṡaoil . . éirghe slighe do thabhairt dó, E. Ó Cl. 131 . Similarly: éirghe bhealaigh, 532 .

? é.¤ i n-ardda uprising; lordliness (?): sruth nEufrait eirge i n-ardda oen-milid na hEorapa (comparable to) the Euphrates is the uprising of the champion of Europe (?) Metr. Dinds. iv 160.199 (LL). The construction of the line is not clear.

? eirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? eirge or dil.ie/19821

 

n form and meaning uncertain: srublaingi con minaig, ┐ erge con anaithnig, ┐ cro con anfaitig...Eirgi con anfaitche, eirrgi [leaba] lethair [d'iadad] ar suilib in chon na tabair aithne ar in muindtir fein sech na comaichaib ` eyecaps ' Laws iii 416.6 - 11 Comm. = airge con anaithne ...leaba leathair d'iagha ima suilib, O'Curry 2510 (<Eg. 88).

esóenta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esóenta or dil.ie/20546
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: esaenta, esóentad

n t (later undecl.), f. (óentu) disunion, dissension, quarrel, strife: n s. ro deliged in esaenta sin that dispute was settled LB 158b20 . ótá an easaonta ag adhaint, TD 18.13 . eassaénta choccaidh ar n-eirghe, AFM vi 1934.22 . cor ḟás sesilbe ┐ esæntaid mor isin popul, LB 150b27 . a s. co fuair esaentaid ┐ imresain ona ludaidib 150b20 . baili i mbia ḟailti cen esaentaig, YBL 168b44 . trésan easaonta ┐ trésan siosma do bhíodh idir na Gaedhealaibh, Keat. iii 2915 . an sid gan [e]asaonta, RC xxviii 322.5 . do rinneadar easáonta ad' aghaidh, Psalms v 10 . g s. i n-oéntaid esóentad demna, LU 33a43 . fochunn daebtha no essoentad, TTr.² 264 . adhbar essaenta (esaentad, essaentae v.l.), CCath. 226 . fáth easaonta, TD 24.2 . Keat. ii 6281 . teine na hesáonta, RC xxv 392.16 . ruathar easaonta a hostile charge CF p. 63.153 . d s. do bhí an cúigeadh... | lán d'easaonta, TD 21.38 . As vn.: oc debaid no ic essaentaid, PH 4519 . beid na taise 'sna tombaibh | ag easaonta, TD 4.24 . ffeasaenta mor d'eirgi 'a great dissension arose', AI 404 (s.a. 1311.3) .

gaibid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaibid or dil.ie/25119
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gaibim, gabimm, gaibiu, gaibid, gaibthi, gaib, gaibit, gabit, gaibde, gaba, rogba, gebaid, gebat, gabsu-sa, rongabus, gabais, gabis, rogab, gaibthir, rogaibther, gaibtir, gabthar, gabthe, rogabad, rogabath, rogabtha, gabthi, gabaid, gebsa

v see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 527 . O.I. Pres. ind. 1 s. gaibim, Thes. ii 2.35 . gabimm, Wb. 16d4 . gaibiu, Trip. 54.14 . 3 s. gaibid, Wb. 9a3 . Ml. 64c12 . (with pronom. suf.) gaibthi, Sg. 26b7 . ni gaib , Wb. 3d8 . 3 p. gaibit, Sg. 200b10 . gabit, Ml. 38a8 . rel. gaibde, 76a16 . Pres. Subj. 3 s. gaba, Wb. 28a20 . rogba, 15d40 . Fut. 3 s. gebaid, Wb. 8a7 . 3 p. ni gebat , 4c8 . Pret. and Perf. 1 s. gabsu-sa, Thes. ii 291.7 . (ceín) rongabus , Wb. 23b18 . 3 gabais, Thes. ii 238.16 . gabis, i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). rogab, Wb. 2c21 . Pass. Pres. ind. s. gaibthir, Wb. 16d7 . (hó) rogaibther , 13b13 . p. gaibtir, Thes. ii 295.16 . Subj. s. gabthar, Wb. 29b5 . Pret. and Perf. s. gabthe, Ml. 55c1 . rogabad, 14a14 . rogabath, 24d13 . p. rogabtha, 133b2 . verb. necess. gabthi, 76d4 . Vn. gabál, q.v. For later forms see IGT Verbs § 23.

I Trans. lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes hold of, possession of ; passing into sense receives, accepts . With co and reflexive pron. takes to oneself : admits of, allows . Ní gaib cen (acht) insists on. Supports, upholds (= congaib) ; sometimes almost = fogaib.

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits . g.¤ nech in receives as : g.¤ ar considers as.

(c) takes by force, captures ; takes away ; g.¤ lám, g.¤ búaid.

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy).

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition, etc. ; affects injuriously (illness, etc.) paralyses, bewitches .

(f) puts, applies .

(g) puts on, assumes : g.¤ arm assumes warrior status ; g.¤ caille, colann, étach, etc. With imm and reflexive pron. puts on (clothes), cf. inf. V (g).

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., reaches (a destination).

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport pitches a camp .

(j) chooses, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.).

(k) sets about, begins (an employment, etc.).

(l) conceives (a passion, etc.).

(m) thinks, infers . (m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?).

(n) conceives (offspring).

(o) With for and reflexive pron. takes on oneself (responsibility, etc.).

(p) With co and refl. pron. assumes .

(q) takes a path, traverses, reaches .

(r) ? celebrates (a festival).

(s) suits (late).

(t) A legal idiom (?)

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds .

(b) lands, settles, takes up one's abode (esp. of starting a community).

(c) holds out, remains .

(d) Gram. is declined ; also is subdivided.

(e) holds sway, reigns .

(f) takes hold or effect .

III Perfect forms= subst. vb.

IV sings, chants, recites , etc.

V Further uses with preps. :

(a) g.¤ ar (1) holds back, restrains (2) distrains (rare).

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back : also g.¤ ní de neuch.

(c) g.¤ do (1) sets about . (2) attacks . (3) covers, fits .

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at.

(e) g.¤ for (1) assails . (2) begins, sets about . (3) overtakes . (4) outshines .(5) includes .

(f) g.¤ fri (1) holds out against . (2) warns (doubtful). (3) receives, welcomes (late). (4) commences, begins .

(g) g.¤ imm (1) refuses, refrains from, conceals, withholds . (2) distrains . (3) makes good, compensates . (4) adheres to. (5) dresses, arrays oneself.

(h) g.¤ in assails .

(i) g.¤ la accepts, sides with.

(j) g.¤ oc. (1) sets about, begins . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over .

VI Used in phrases with nouns to which references are given.

I Trans. In widest sense lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes (hold of, possession of) ; passing into sense of receives, accepts (with mat. obj.) : amal náṅgabimmse didiu ni gaib Lucas, as I do not take it (of a payment), Wb. 16d4 . rogabad gabáal dóib leu, 7a7 . gebid A. in n-id inna láim, TBC-LL¹ 581 . focherd a bunsaich ... condagebed re toitim ... so that he would catch it before falling, TBC-I¹ 518 . gab a Eba in t-uball-sa, Ériu iv 114.2 . rogab ... in mac ina ucht, RC xxiv 192.1 . adubradar nach gēbdais coma ina sārugud, ZCP viii 274.18 . Giabud-sa coma uaib, xiii 240.14 . dogab Buinne na comhadha sin, IT ii2 140.445 . `in ngēbthái cís no cáin uatha ? ' ... `ní giabthar,' ZCP xiii 226.9 - 11 . do-ghéabhainn ... eineaclonn, TD 3.52 . Analogous : roghabhsat a ndíorma `they sent out their squadron' (i.e. took and got together), AFM v 1812.15 . geibid Brigit e fri baithis `B. holds him at the baptism,' Fél. 110.27 . g.¤ ech gets (and makes ready) a horse : gabhthar a ghabhar do Ghuaire, RC xxvi 374.22 . gebid ar n-eich co escaid, vii 296.114 . is gabtha indiu in gabar bán, SG 243.32 .

With non-mat. obj. : gēbaid a ainm dim anmaim[-se] he will take his name from mine, ACL iii 231.16 . ro gab ratha grene ┐ esca `took guarantees of the sun and moon,' MR 2.5 . caibdhi (caibghi v.l.) ler geab sí suirgi a bride-price for which she accepted wooing, IGT Decl. ex. 176 . geb as do thoil fen bás accept death, PH 6631 . gab maithim n-anacail accept protection, TTebe 1030 . níor ghabh umhlocht `did not receive homage,' TD 17.43 . ro ghabh a n-airi cur fir a ndobratar a ndraidhe fein riu it was borne in upon them, RC xliii 76 § 76 . g.¤ sossad (suide, etc.) : rogab á sossad he hath taken his station, Wb. 4b18 . gabsat ... a suide, BDD 59 . gaib do chuil isin charcair take thy corner in the prison, Thes. ii 290.8 . g.¤ ríge, tír, etc. takes possession of, takes over (an office, dignity, property, etc.) : ataat da n-orpe rogab A., Wb. 2c21 . cia dib gebus t'forba, RC xxiv 194.1 . resiu rogabtis tír tairṅgeri, Ml. 123a1 , or under (c) ? tria chumachta na hingine nogebtais tír, Ériu iii 138.2 . doguidhetar ... fá mhac ... dogébhed a nionad dia neisi, BNnÉ 190 § 1 . iar ndul adíu nogabad Tír an Dísirt `that he set up in T.' (of a bishop), BColm. 56.30 . i mbechbrethaib bech ... gaibte crann `bees that have taken up their lodging in the tree,' Laws iv 180.16 . gabaid M. rīge nEírenn, ZCP viii 318.11 . ... nar gaba rath na righi, Fen. 120.11 . Ri do gabustar righi, BCC § 141 . Cf. in lin rig rogab hErind, Fen. 58.14 . ar ghabh dá gcineadh Bóinn Bhreagh, TD 8.17 . géba apdaine ┐ cumachta fors-in domun, PH 2272 . Domnall o Conaill do gabh uadha e a nGaidhilg `took it down in Gaelic from him' (i.e. from his dictation), Plummer Colophons 16, n.4 . Often with co and refl. pron. takes to oneself, undertakes : ma ro gabsat daine aile cuca ar comairce, Laws iv 228.25 . gab chucat sind, a Christ, PH 183 . gabh chugat mo chomairche undertake my defence, Dán Dé 1.3 . blāith rogabais cucut corp, ACL iii 242 § 16 . dogab Serlus sin cuige co mor, C. took that greatly to heart, RC xix 278 § 204 (Fier.). níor gábh Eóghan chuige go maith an t-urfhuighioll sin, ML 44.9 . takes to witness : rogab neam, ┐ talam, Todd Nenn. 126.9 ; lxx 11 . admits of, allows : ni gabait etir na lestair lána a tórmach, PH 5480 . Ni gaband sí a cumdach le h-or no le h-airget, BCC § 52 (of a stone). beac ma gabann leighes quasi non recipit curationem, O'Gr. Cat. 205.21. Cf. dá ngébha an focal chuigi if the word will allow of it, IGT Introd. § 3 . ní ghéabhainn dol go clannaibh séaghainn Saxon I would not consent (?) to go, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 5 . ná gabh toirmeasg `admit no hindrance,' TD 2.3 . Ní gaib cen (acht) will take only, insists on : ní ragaib cen chuit cána, LL 376a35 . nī gēb cen sē curu, TBC-I¹ 2274 ; 2260 . na geb-si cen cath insist on a battle, MR 42.19 . adubhairt nach gebhadh gan meisi dḟaghail mar mhnaoi, Ériu v 182.360 ; 209.21 (v.l.). adubairt nac hgébadh gan éraic d'fagáil, BNnÉ 89.9 . Nír gap uaidip gan bangcēd, Fl. Earls 68.25 . ní ghéabhaidh ód ghruaidh gan bheith feithmheach ..., TD 19.6 . ni ragab acht a anmnigud o anmaim (of Lifea and Mag Life), LL 159a31 . ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu, PH 908 . nir gabhsat uadha gan a athchur, BNnÉ 236.31 . ni rogab acht oentech do denam imme, Anecd. i 9.11 . Also ní gaib co : nī rogaib A. co tarta rātha ┐ gremand fris `A. did not rest satisfied till securities and bonds were given to him,' Cáin Ad. § 22 ; § 26 . supports, upholds (?) glossed congbann : in tí na gaibh rechtge, ni tuilledh rechtge dó .i. in tí na congbhann in díretad, O'D. 712 ( H 3.17, c. 520 ). concerns, affects : comaithces ... is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech, Laws iv 68.4 . In some cases nearly = fo-gaib : ni gaib airechas it does not get leadership, Wb. 3d8 . canas a ngabar índ aile dec `whence is the twelfth derived ?' Laws iv 198.1 Comm. 16.11 Comm. rogab lige n-úar i n-úir, Metr. Dinds. ii 36.4 .

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits : manumgaibi ar charit (= Si ergo habes me socium), Wb. 32a16 . na gaph tescariut mar caruid, Ériu v 126.8 . rogabad som hirige, Ml. 14a4 . conadragaib ina munteras, IT i 74.5 . arroeta[t]ar (.i. ro gabadar) he co fáilti, ACL iii 30 § 81 . ro gabadh go honórach hé ón rígh, RC xxv 388.6 . sí ar feadh na gorta níor gheabh `throughout the famine he disowned her' (i.e. would not have her), TD 15.31 . g.¤ nech i n- takes, receives as (in the quality of) : gebtit iudei i n-apid `Judaei will receive him as lord,' Wb. 26a8 . Cf. gabsi cadessin abbaith, Thes. ii 242.21 . co ro-n-gabthar i n-ar mbraithrib do Christ, PH 7883 . do gab se 'na la ciunaiss dó fén é `he took it for a day of rest,' BCC 408.12 . A somewhat different idea with ar : gebidh in aimsir frecnairc arna huilib aimseraib he takes the present time for all times, Auraic. 84.

(c) takes by force, captures . duairci bas dun chach ṅgaibde whom they seize, Ml. 76a16 . condagaibtis intais amprom trianintleda that the wicked used to seize them through their snares, 31c6 . damsa bed gabthi (gl. nihil defuit ad capiendum me), 76d4 . fer gaibes fer beogabail, Laws iv 336.8 . Na mna ... rogabad la Creon rofhosclad dibh la Teis, TTebe 4907 . romgab in críne m'imlúad old-age has deprived me of my power of motion, Ériu iv 154.15 . co[r] gabatar tech fuirre they stormed the house in which she was, RC xv 323 ( Dinds. 23 ). Ro gabhadh an droichet forra, AFM vi 1992.5 . gébtáit ar tír frind, TBC-I¹ 172 . gabsit tír and ar chlaideb, ZCP viii 313.21 . gabsat tír im Themair Breg, Hail Brigit § 18 ( LL 50a10 ). For g.¤ láim expels, g.¤ láim for enjoins, see lám and s.v. gabál. Fig. dede huangaibter in descipuil oc eitsecht inna preceptorae `... whereby disciples are taken,' Ml. 122c2 . A Eua, cid arnotgeib ? (= ar-ṅdot-geib ?) what is the matter with thee ?, SR. 1693 . g.¤ buaid wins a victory: ní ba unus gebas a m-buáid, Wb. 11a6 . isóinfer gaibes buáid diib, 11a4 . gabsat búaid, Fél. Jan 28 ; July 6 .

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy, etc.): ro gabsat co setrech ... in tech commatain, TFerbe 339 . Cf. ré fer ná ré mnái ... ní gabtar in t-aracul the little house is never closed against man or woman, SG 245.8 .

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition or the like; more commonly affects injuriously (of disease, danger or other evil influence); esp. bewitches, paralyses: nachinrogba derchoíniud, Wb. 15d40 . nachas-ragbad torsi díachessadsom, RC iv 246 § 3 . gabaidh toirrsi mor M.E., Ériu v 72.13 . rom gab trist, TBC(C) 1058 . conidrogbad huall, Ml. 39d22 . nísgaibed tart nā līae, Hy. ii 29 . conidgaib codlad de, TBC-I¹ 371 . do gob ita iarsin iad 'thirst seized them', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . ro gobustair ferg mor he 'great wrath seized him', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . romgab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . gabsai format, ZCP xi 108.2 . ní-dom-geibend ecal, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.18 . ma rangba crith, Ériu vii 168.30 . rongab failte, BB 493b30 . do gab gengairi ... é, BCC § 98 . in corrmíl bá in sengán nom-gaib isin crecht `that nips me in the wound,' BDD 162 . ni-mragba nathir, Misc. Hib. 20.1 . nin geib rind, TBC-LL¹ 3209 . nachumgabat gái, KMMisc. 256 § 28 . ní geibhtis renna ... he, RC xliii 46 § 45 . Ni báid usce he ... ┐ ni geba iarn, PH 7278 . ni gabad arm é, Ériu iii 166.36 . ros gabsat idain Moncha, CMMucr. 50 § 42 . re siu ro gobad galar `before disease took hold on him,' Ir. Review 1912.250 . RC iii 177.7 . gabais buidre a cluasa 'deafness seized their ears', Blathm. 96 § 21 . nis ragaibh lugha dighe thirst did not oppress them, AFM i 382.7 . Ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, co ro gabait a chossa ocus a láma so that his legs and arms were stricken, SCC 48 ( LU 4028 ). Cf. do gabhadh a chosae ┐ a lamha fair, ZCP x 14.4 . Lism. L. 3043 . rogabtha a cossae cona dernae figild, Mon. Tall. § 34 . gabtar cassa na n-each (i.e. by the power of St. Molasius), SG 26.19 .

(f) puts, applies: gabais iarom a mér ina bēolu, RC xxv 344.z . geibh ind uisqui put it in water, Lism. L. 2676 . gabhais minn ... fa a cheann, CF 903 . in t-aire rogabsabair foraib, ZCP viii 318.25 . ro-gabsat étach corcorda imme, PH 3295 . rogobad ola ... da churp oil was applied to his body, TTebe 2560 . geibid na claidhmi dar a n-aigthib doip `slash the swords over their faces,' CCath. 5163 . conid hé gebes claideb dó, RC xxi 386.14 . gabais tabaill dōib, TBC-I¹ 1100 . gaibthi dō he plies it on him, 1735 . `gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó,' PH 2330 . RC xliii 28 § 25 . ord don Chrumm rogab he plied a sledge hammer on C., Metr. Dinds. iv 22.9 . geibidh otrach ... ┐ clocha dó, BNnÉ 34.14 . Idiom: Ní raghatt ... ar nach gabat in sluagh imchumhang an toighi form `lest the army pen me in the house,' BS § 55 ( BS² 1660 ).

(g) puts on, assumes: gaibid mod ṅargumint it takes the form of an argument, Ml. 64c12 . Ca delb rogabais ?, Ériu iv 104 § 53a . rogabsi delb fhir do Grecaib fuirri she assumed the form of a Greek, TTebe 3449 . Ar ghabhabhair do ghné an chróigh the ruddy hue you had assumed, IGT Decl. ex. 318 . g.¤ caille puts on the veil (i.e. becomes a nun): gabais caille la Patricc Lassar, Thes. ii 238.16 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). g.¤ arm (gasced) assumes warrior status: romoch lind ra gabais armu, TBC-LL¹ 1163 . `in gaisced gebis (gebes LU) in gilla ?', TBC-I¹ 562 . g.¤ colaind takes flesh: ro-gabais colaind ndoenda, PH 164 . g.¤ étach, etc. (usu. with imm and refl. pron.) puts on clothes: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . dond fíanerred ... rogabastár-som immi, TBC-I¹ 1870 . 2038 . gab etach ... pendaite umat, PH 452 . gabhuis a éideadh aithfrinn, Irish Texts i 38.18 . do ghabh fa na ghealghlacuibh á lamhanna, Rel. Celt. ii 262.25 . Fig. na daoine ghabhas orra grádh do bhriathar-sa do bheith aca `such as appear to reverence ... thy word,' Carswell 61.

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., gains, reaches (a destination): gur ghabhsad cuan they put into port, Keat. i 142.51 . ro gabhsat caladh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 224 § 150 . gabuis port curuch C.C., Mon. Tall. § 66 . in tan ro gabsat na curaig tír, LU 6922.

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport fixes, pitches (a camp): gabthe dunad les fris, Ml. 55c1 . co ro gab longphort oc Muaid, RC xxiv 178 § 6.

(j) chooses, assigns, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.): Do ghabh sé tráth rer teibi he has assigned a time for our destruction, IGT Decl. ex. 160 . gabsat la catha, BNnÉ 10.7 . do gabhsad ... lā cuinne, Duan. F. i 13.23 . do gabatar lá a cend mís do fhregra chatha da cheile, L. Chl. S. § 12 . rogabadh coinne, Expugn. Hib. § 76.

(k) takes up, sets about, begins (an employment or occupation), usu. with vn.: gabais eigsi corbo sui, ZCP xiv 154.11 . Nás rogaibi gním cen gáis, Metr. Dinds. iii 48.13 . Ó rogabsat ... tochmarc Túaige, iv 58.17 . is é cles do ro ghabh an ingen ... dona hógaibh, RC xxix 110 § 4 . gabais cluche arísi, LU 1715 . gabaid ... imbirt a dornn foraib, TBC-I¹ 431 . gaibig (gabaid , LU) immān līathrōide riam darin nārmaig, 455 . rogab formalad na sin (sic leg.) began to extol the weather (Four Old Irish Songs), Rawl. 107a3 ; ni ragab si labrath cid acht, Irish Texts i 2 § 3 ; 14 § 42 . dianragabsa dībrugud isin tailm, 1054 . gebid cách díb ... leod ┐ letrad, TFerbe 728 . ro gab ... scaindred ... int ṡluáig, 732 . geibid glanad na hadba, Metr. Dinds. iii 246.61 . Cid imma ngabthar trebad ?, ZCP viii 112.17 . rogab torad tercugad, rogab talam olcugadh, ZCP vii 309.9 . do ghabadar na díbfergaig teichedh, SG 10.11 . o ro gabhus fogail, Moling § 16 . gabur aile do denam the fence is begun, Laws iv 70.24 gl. With infixed pron. anticipating the object of the vn.: romgab mo thēdi toghaois my wantonness has commenced to beguile me, Ériu ii 16 § 5 . Is labar tonn mara mair. rusgab in gaim comgabáil winter has begun to arouse it, Otia i 125 . Rosngap an mpachlach griseth the churl began to upbraid them, ITS ii 124 § 98 . (Cf. atároí astód he fails to stop them, LU 6793. ) Also gaibid for gaibid oc and gaibid fri, qq.v.

(l) conceives (a passion or emotion) the mental state being the obj. of the vb., a later construction than (e): gabaid feirg Cathal, MacCongl. 51.27 . geibhis aitricche ndiochra inn, BNnÉ 323 § 35 . rogab ét ingen R., Metr. Dinds. iii 94.13 . dogob nairi an ingen, iv 12.13 . gor gabh risin Fhein format, ZCP xi 43 § 44 . na gabh ... crith re gríoghail, ML 100.20 . an ní fá ngabhaim gúasacht, Studies 1921, 419 § 10 . co ngebtais ... ecla reimi, TTebe 2390 . ro gabustar-som uaill ... de-sin, RC xliii 14 § 7.

(m) thinks, infers . Sometimes with oc and refl. pron.: rogab a menma-sum robad budi la Grécu, LL 231b18 ( TTr. 1057 ). rogab a menma conad e Ænias in fer, Aen. 1591 . ni gebad delb eli dib acht `... would form no other conception of them but,' CCath. 782 . conid assin rogabad a tichtain a nelaip ciach, RC xii 58.9 . nī asa ṅ-gabtha, anything from which might be inferred, Rawl. 75a49 . ar mírbuil dino as gabtha do churp in Choimded dul isin tegdais foriatta, LB. 195a42 . Very frequent in Laws Comm. in this sense, e.g. Is ass gabar sin it is from this that that is deduced, Laws passim . na gebed ... nech aicce co mbad ... (= nemo putet ...), PH 6144 . na ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa do-ratait dúin (= ea non debemus retinere privata ...), 6123 .

(m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?): Nicol hua hIceadha do gabh a nGaeidilg, NLI G2 248 . Ua Dubthaig do gab ┐ do scríb, NLI G5 f. 5v . See Angus Matheson Essays 88-89 .

(n) conceives (offspring). Common in later Church language. sul ar ghab sí C. ina broinn, SG 1.9 . Géabhair mac ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 7 . do bhrigh nach gabhthar ón Spiorad Naomh acht Mac Dé, Eochairsg. 120.5 . do gabhadh ón Sbiorad naomh, Ó Héodhusa 7. With object unexpressed: Gabhais an ógh ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 1 .

(o) g.¤ for, with refl. pron., takes (a burden, responsibility on one's self), undertakes . geibid foraib faisam in meic, TBC-LL¹ 934 . geib-siu ḟort na ticfa d'ḟortacht ... fer n-hErend, 4668 . gabaim-si immorro form ōn Coimdhe co nā ba lugaite di (= do) rath, ACL iii 309.14 . gabhuid sin ortha fein they undertake to do that, BNnÉ 159 § 16 . gabait forro ferta ... nach fétat do dénam dóib, FA § 28 . gabh ort mo choimhéad, Dán Dé iii 19.

(p) g.¤ co, with refl. pron., takes to oneself, receives, cf. TSh. Glossary. Leg. assumes (?): gabaimse cugam a breitheamnaibh nach tarrus aos láime, O'D. 1700 ( H 2.12, No. 8, p. 1 ).

(q) takes a path, etc., traverses, reaches: Is mair[g] mairg ... gabus in athgairit-si dochumm n-iffirn, PH 7608 . conar inna aithrige dia mbeth nech nodagabad, Ériu i 200 § 24 . rogabhsat an clochán astech, v 94.2 . an t-eolass comcoitchenn gabus cach docum an oilen, BCC 234.23 . gabhait in fhairrgi, Fl. Earls 8.19 . With neut. aff. pron. as cognate obj.: gaibte (.i. teit) Moling, Fél. 152.13 . gaibt[h]i sīar she goes west, ACL iii 1.15 . gaibthi inund, Ériu ii 24.7 . gaibhthe ... docum na meithle, Lism. L. xii 2.

(r) provides for, holds, celebrates (a festival): is de sin no geibed Flidais cach sechtmad láa di feraib Herend do bóthorud dia thoscid ocon Táin, LU 1631 . Conchobar ... fessin no gaibed in samuin dóib, Ériu iv 26 § 14 ( LL 106b30 ). a menain si con-gabaind an Chaisc dōib, Irish Texts i 7 § 23 .

(s) becomes, suits (late): is olc ghabhus tú h'atán `badly doth thy hat become thee,' TD 38.48 .

(t) ? legal phrase: is mor nodcuri ┐ nodgabai fein id dhalaib `greatly dost thou put thyself and take thyself (?) in thy causes,' IT iii 201.1 .

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds, extends: gaibid in rí condeissid forsin cholcaid, SG 414.7 ( LL 279b10 ). gebid ... sair, RC vii 300.1 . car ghabh an crodh ?, xxiii 10.6 . rogab remi ar ammus mara, TTr.² 146 . ar fágcbail tslebi San C. ... gebair ... co mainister manach, Maund. § 49 . cualli iairn isin brutt ... co n-geib on gualaind go araile dó so that it extends, TBC-LL¹ 5387 . gaibid ind ōcben chucu draws near, RC xiii 375.18 . cor' gabh in clais sin ó imell an longphuirt co caladh in mara sís, CCath. 1740 . gabhaidh iar sin anfadh for an ath a tempest passes over the ford, RC xliii 86 § 87 . gabh go dún Í Dhonnchadha, Gofraidh Fionn i i 15 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). An ruibēr gabus go Louāine, Fl. Earls 64.15 . doirsi tré ngabhann an Críostaidhe, Ó Héodhusa 14. With imm surrounds: coro gabsat immut uli `es hatten dich umgeben alle,' TFerbe 47 6. Fig. dogabsat ara coradaib `they turned to their sureties,' Ériu v 116.47 .

(b) settles, lands, takes up one's abode (esp. of the founder of a religious community): co ragbaiset hi trácht Fuirbthi they landed on F. strand, LU 6921 ( BDD 53 ). co ro gabsat i mBrēntrācht, ITS xliv 12 § 379 = gabsat Brentracht, LL 1466 . gur' gab isin bruach eli, CCath. 2616 . anadh ait a ngabadh fom mo c[h]urach, Anecd. i 72.203 . ara ṅgabtais i purt Semeonta, LL 219b46 ( TTr. 200 ). gabsat ... hic Temuir, ZCP viii 305.25 . mad beich rogabat and `if it be bees that have taken up their abode there,' Laws iv 168.27 . sruth. ... ro gab for brú amnis (of an anchorite), Fél. 42.36 . is é gebhus i rRind Ruis B. `it is he who will found a community at R.,' RC xxvii 274.4 . Asi sin aimsir roghabhasdair F. ... a Sliabh Ealpa, Hy Fiach. 18.7 . a ndíochur as in maighin i raghbhaiset (of troops encamped), AFM iv 902.26 . gabsat ann-sin co mucha lai ara barach, RC xliii 62 § 63.

(c) holds out, remains: ro gab ina chind co maeth-tráth éirgi arnabarach (`behauptete [das Haus],' Wind.), TFerbe 393 . gabus C. ina righi ... cu tainic in bodhith, RC xliii 12 § 5.

(d) Grammat. t. is declined: ionann ghabhuid (i.e. fine, aicme, etc.) d'úathadh ┐ d'iollradh, IGT 37 n. 6 . A fig. use of (a) ? Cf. Clann Charthaigh 's gach gné i ngabhoid `each of its species,' TD 32.15 .

(e) holds sway, reigns: dia éis ro gab C., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 48 . ro gab ós Mide, 82 § 6 . na ríg rogabsat ō Chimbaeth co C., ZCP viii 326.17 . espoc S. .i. cetna comharba roghabh iar Finnén, Lism. L. 2633 . gebaid mac in duinn nadeig, Fen. 150.16 . BNnÉ 254.10 .

(f) takes hold, takes effect: as tene gabus gu grod `a spark that kindles quickly,' Ériu iv 212.11 dinin disail for gair gabhaidh takes effect on a short [syllable], Auraic. 1547.

III Perfect forms with neut. inf. pron. (ron[d] gabus, ron[d] gab, ron[d] gabsat) are used in O.I. and survive in Mid. I. as periphrases of the pres. ind. of subst. vb. in nasalising relative sentences, esp. after `amal' or its equivalent. In origin an idiomatic use of I (a), i.e. `I have taken it,' GOI § 781. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 436 . Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899, p. 12 . nobiad chách amal rongabusa as I am, Wb. 9d25 . ceín rongabus i carcair as long as I am in prison, 23b18 . ni fitetar amal rongab they know Him not as He is, 27a11 . [ita] rongab scientia lib as there is s. with you, 6d12 . rongab remcaissiu Daé dinaib dulib, Ml. 20c3 . fobíth rongab torsum ┐ tortum, Sg. 172b1 . amal rongabsat in túisil olchenæ hi tuiter, 71a11 . co ceoluib ┐ ligbothaib amal rongab fo[r]na seacht ndealba ind richid, Ériu ii 106.14 . anruth ... ni nascar fair, amail ro gab rig Erenn, Laws iv 358.19 ; 334.6 . atat araile pectha ... sicut rongabsat fingala, RC xv 488.5 . is maith rongabus fritt I am good to thee, LL 249b1 . is si in derbhfine amuil ro gab bruinne in duine, O'D. 548 ( H 3.17, c.436 ). mar ro gab mét a sochraiti because of the number of their host, Cog. 66.23 . Cf. amail ro gaba (pres. subj.) as it may be, as for instance , O'Curry 2298 ( Eg. 88, f. 22 [23c] ).

IV sings, chants, recites; declares (cf. similar use of canaid). Oc cormaim gaibtir dúana, Thes. ii 295.16 . nosgaibtis for clais they used to sing them in choir, Ml. 2b7 . tre ailli gaibther re proinn, Wb. 28c20 . gabis ailli (gl. benedixit), Thes. i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). gabais doib inna rundu sa sis, LU 3307 ( SCC § 11 ). gébdait mecc beca na runda sin, MacCongl. 17.16 . ro gab ceol, Fél. Nov. 27 ; Ep. 114 ; 173 . dogabsat gloria glan aingil, ZCP viii 114.7 . Aedh ... do ghabadh moran dana, AU iii 196.21 . is de gaibthi igitur it is of this that he says `igitur,' Sg. 26b7 . dorumenatar combad fou nogabthe isint faithsini (sic leg.) they thought it was uttered in prophecy, Ml. 35b18 . gaibthir tra déde isin testiminse two things then are treated of in this text, Wb. 16d7 . gabar in pater i sanais, PH 7995 . in tan gaibther ecnaircc neich, Rule of Tallaght § 21 . In leigenn gabur co hard, Ériu v 22.9 . geib t'aiccept, a mic `repeat thy lesson,' Fél. 12.19 . cidbe gabus sin for nim no liun ní bia irchoit de (of an incantation), Laws i 2.22 Comm. `Rogaub an rand sa dam dia gabāil doid-se.' `Gab!' ol sé, ACL iii 1.16 .

V Further uses with preps.

(a) g.¤ ar

(1) holds back, restrains . connā gebethar ar lúamairecht lám dó, TBC-I¹ 1872 = TBC-LL¹ 2528 . na maidid in t-echt, noco ngaba fo thrí ar a anáil until he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . neach nach gabhann ar a ghuth, Ir. Monthly 1927, 308.3 . ar mh'osnaidh an uair ghabhuim, Ir. Monthly 1927, 361.41 . gabail ar a fual, Mon. Tall. 147.21 . gabam ar ferge (ḟergaib MS) fīrbruth, ACL iii 321.5 . aithchim ... gabháil díbh ar bhar ngáiribh ... restrain your laughter, Content. xvi § 88 . distrains: gaibter ar a fine comfocus do, co nimcuimet aire, O'D. 2180 (cf. Laws iv 128.5 ). g.¤ for = g.¤ ar: ni raigebthar fort you will not be stopped (i.e. from giving largess), LL 277b6 . dia ṅgabad forsin rúin if he tried to hold in the secret, Ériu iv 32.2 . dia roghabhduis inniu fora n-ítaidh ..., Lism. L. 4404 . Cid forsna geib glas na slabrad ?, ZCP xiii 274.3 . nach gebhtha forra tocht an conair, Hugh Roe 36.20 (10a) .

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back: nī gēbasa (gebsa LU) dīt ēm I shall not stand in your way, TBC-I¹ 1588 . ní gebam dít trí ḟornert, TFerbe 83 2. mani gabtáis na mórchoicthi díib, TTr.² 1092 . ma dethbir gabus de if necessity prevent him, Laws ii 58.16 Comm. mine gabad naire dim, Aen. 680 . Also with direct obj.: ní boi ní nogabad díbsom tabart fochaide foir, Ml. 33a5 . Nicongebsa ón dítsu ón cid cossin n-echaire théisi I shall not hold you back, TBFr. 314 ( LL 251a40 ). nī gabt[h]ar dím dul cech conair, ZCP iii 33.18 .

(c) g.¤ do:

(1) sets about, undertakes: do gab dá admolad, SG 309.5 . rogabh A. ... do comrag la F., ZCP xiii 174.33 .

(2) attacks, `goes for': dobeir cesti do chách et ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . rogabsat dó ar gach taeb, ZCP vi 79.26 . gabar doib co taethsat ann let them be pressed, MR 128.1 . ra gabhadh dhóib ... do chlochaibh, TFrag. 146.15 . ib. 186.7 . mad gabtha gāi dūaine dō, Bruchst. no. 28 .

(3) covers, fits: con-gebethar dóib o thaul co aurdorn (of mail-clad horses), TBC-LL¹ 2544 . con-gabad do o thana thaib co tiug a oxaille, 2561 . clíabinar ... co ngebethar dó co barrúachtar a dondfúathroci, LU 6557 . go ngabhadh dhó ó fhosadh-mhullach a chinn go a cholpa, ML 112.

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at: ro ghabh fotha amhail faol fo chaorchabh, TFrag. 166.8 . ra ghabhsat ... fo na Loclannaibh, 174.13 . ? gébthir fo mac n-imraichni, Imr. Brain 27 § 57 (see EIL 217 ).​

(e) g.¤ for

(1) assails; attacks: ar gebaid in scol for aréli `one school will attack another,' Wb. 8a7 . gabsait do lorcuibh ... forro, Marco P. § 148 . gebtait forn, Rawl. 132a53 ( Cymmr. xiv 114.13 ). ra gabastar de chlochaib ... bar feraib hE., TBC-LL¹ 4618 . (ar = for) roglac bata ... ┐ rogab orra, ZCP vi 57.26 . Keat. iii 1430 . gabhaidh dá earball air, TSh. 2608.

(2) begins, sets about: gabsat for ól ┐ for aibnius, TBC-LL¹ 999 . ro-gab for toirsi moir, PH 3025 . doghabh for tairchetul, Lism. L. 929 . Marco P. § 114 . (ar= for) rogab ... ar buain in ghuirt, Ériu v 116.2 .

(3) overtakes: gabaid adaig forra, BColm. 78.1 .

(4) outshines, beats, defeats: rogab do chlú for a chlú, LL 50a31 ( Hail Brigit § 25 ). gebthar oirb a dtir nEireand you will be defeated, MR 62.20 .

(5) includes, comprehends: cia hænfocul gebes forna ceit[h]ri ernaili ind Auraicepta, Auraic. 1260.

(6) rules over: gebaid do ṡil ar Erinn, YBL 329a12 ( TMoméra 152.9 ). gēbaid for Liphemaigh, B. in Scáil § 31 . gabhaiss foraibh finnuibh coruibh, ZCP viii 197.6 . gabais for dōine domnaib, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 5 . mór ríg ro gab for Mide, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 2.

(f) g.¤ fri:

(1) holds out against, prevails over: ni gebat frib ... i cathaib, SR 4835 . ni gébat frit' gnuis ṅgargdai (sic leg.) buidni borba barbardai, 5015 . ni gébad fri feta in serriti óc amulchach sain, TBC-LL¹ 1961 . ni ragbad riss no resistance was made to him, TFerbe 322 ( LL 255b27 ). nícon gébtar cath no comlonn frit, RC vi 183.10 . xviii 181.z (Tig.). gebaidh side fri dam (of a fence) `it will be a defence against oxen,' Laws iv 112.6 . claideb ... frisna gabtís lúirecha, TTr.² 1000 . ni gabtha friu ar a n-aicenta (of women) they should not be impugned (?) for their natures, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20 § 11 . gabhaid sealad fri ḟeoil ... ar crabhudh they abstain from meat, TFrag. 124.10 . an tan no-gabdais caingni fer nErenn fris when the affairs of the men of Ireland were too much for (i.e. harrassed) him, ZCP xiii 262.15 . nocho ragaib Find ra ech `F. did not rein in his horse,' RC vii 294.87 . do chogainn crann a chraois[i]dhe (sic leg.) ... go a hionnsma, ionnas gur ab é a cró cruaid ... do ghabhastair re a gheal-dhéadaibh that offered resistance to his teeth, ML 62.19 . nochor béo-sa īarum oc gabāil fris nī bas sīriu, RC xiii 383.8 .

(2) warns, threatens (?): rogebad frind dia caithmis co fuidbemis bas ( LB 110b51 ), MacCarthy 52.15 .

(3) receives, welcomes (?): ro ghabh O Ferghail fris, ┐ do rad ferann dia cethraibh, AFM iv 1018.17 .

(4) commences: gabais fri grisad Cuind, LU 3169.

(g) g.¤ imm

(1) withholds, hides, conceals, refuses, refrains from: is annssa do dāinib gabāil im rūnaib rodochtaibh, Otia iii 49 § 9 . ba galar ... don gillu gabāil im a rūn, 48 § 5 . mian mna torrcha ... ocus ar daigin secdachta ro gabadh im in mbiadh, Laws i 180.6 Comm. ma ro chuindigh sí in biadh, ocus ... is e a fer ro gob im in mbiad, iii 550.14 ; 552.4 . doni eisinnroic don airchindech, mas e gabus uime, v 120.15 . duine do fédfadh maith do dénum ocus gabus uime gan a dénum, SG 40.33 . táinic in fer ros-buail (sc. in liathróit) ina diaidh. Rogab in cerd uimpi, the craftsman refused [to surrender] it, ZCP iv 240.10 . mad ro gabustar gataide im in fiadnaise if the thief withheld evidence, O'Curry 536 ( H 3.18, 265b ).

(2) Leg. distrains (in the matter of) : gaibead imme co n-ímcua `let him be distrained until he fences,' iv 128.4 = gaibet aire, O'D. 2180 ( Rawl. B 487, 66a2 ).

(3) Leg. makes good, compensates, condones (?) : o gebus iman fogail sin, Laws iv 16.13 Comm. foghal no fuaibread duine do denam, o bus cara no coibdeileach do no gebad uimpe, conad ínann do ocus no gabad budein ímpe, 16.18 Comm.

(4) adheres to (?) : mas tria comraiti rucustar ... in gu-breth (sic leg.) ocus ata ac gabail impi if he deliberately gave the false judgment and persists in it (?), Laws iii 304.8 .

(5) refl. dresses, arrays (oneself): lasse gabas immbi (gl. cum ... induerit), Wb. 13d22 . gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 351 ( LL 251b27 ). geib imut is imthigeom, SG 363.28 . Ériu v 156 , 178 . corragbat impu that they may dress, iii 100 § 24 .

(h) g.¤ in assails, belabours : ni gebthar inniut ... rotbia falti, RC viii 52.16 . tallsat in slaitt as a láim cor gabsat ina chend di, PH 3299 . gabhuid do ṡnáthaduibh i súilibh Lionóideach, Hy Fiach. 336.11 . gur ghabhadar da ngaothaibh ann, Keat. iii 3255.

(i) g.¤ la

(1) accepts, sides with, stands by : co ragbatar fir Alban leō ar connalbus, Otia ii 88.1 . gabhaim-si ... let (in answer to an offer of marriage), ZCP vi 283.3 . gab lind mar bar bfilidh féin, ii 348.19 . gin go gabhthasa leam, x 286.9 . gabhaidh Dia leis tar a locht `God forgives him spite of his sins,' A. Ó Dálaigh l.3 . feadh mo ghalair níor ghabh leam Pádraig ... P. did not help me, Dán Dé xiii 5 . ro ghabh an tír ... la Tepoitt, AFM vi 2012.28 . mo rí Gabhra an ngéabhadh lam, TD 12.11 . do ghabh ré n-a dhearbhráthair mar mhac `adopted ... as a son,' Keat. ii 5008 . gabhuimsi lé Pádraig (i.e. instead of the Reformers), Mac Aingil 4333 . prouensi ... gabhus le rīg na Fraingce, Fl. Earls 12.13 . Cf. 190.24 (fri).

(j) g.¤ oc (1) sets about, begins : ro gab ic fostud ... in t-ṡlúaig, TBC-LL¹ 470 ; ib. 1494 . gabaid oc neméle moir, ┐ oc aithrige, PH 814 . gabaidh ... ac snechta, SG 35.8 . gabhmaoid ... ag iompódh a intinne `we attempt ... diverting his mind,' TD 8.27 . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off : gab got c[h]omarsain mad fann, ZCP vi 272.3 . dlegar ... co ro-gaba ... ic na fannaib, PH 4157 . a Césair ... ro gabhsum acut, CCath. 541 . sellach slan ... gaibes oca cach nirt ocus cach folud an onlooker (at a deed of violence) is exempt if he comes to their support (i.e. of the injured parties) with all his strength and substance, Laws i 242.7 . gabuid ac lucht mo cille, BCC § 277 . a thigerna, gab agum forgive me, ZCP vi 94.30 . TSh. 3593 . nach gabhann an bás ag druing ar bioth dona daoinibh (i.e. does not pass over), TSh. 50 . gur geb (v.l. gab) gá gáeithib | fúair gach fer a dháeithin díbh till he spared (?) his darts, IGT Decl. ex. 644.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over : mórrí ... ro gab os Herind, LU 4041 . ro gab ós Mide mongréid, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 6.

VI Is used in combination with a number of nouns. See achmusán, áilges, aiss, athgabáil, cairdes (alliance), 1 cath, 1 cet, cíall, coinne, comairle, commairge, desimrecht, fáilte, flaithius, forbais, geis, gnáth, goim, 1 grád, 1 gráin, greimm, inad, lám, leithscél, maidm, merg (rust), nert (also trén, 1 treise), ríge, tech, 1 tír, tuinide.

intamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. intamail or dil.ie/28925

 

Forms: intamlae, intsamli, intsamil, intṡamail, intamail, intamail, intsamail, intṡamil, indsamuil, insamil, intamail, indtsamail, indshamail, innshamail, inntamail, ionshamhail, ionntamhail, ionnshamhail, ionntsamhlaibh, innamail, indamail, intamail, innshamail, innshamla

n g s. as ī, f.: intamlae, Ml. 56b33 (cf. intsamli, Wb. 24c10 ). a s. and d s. as i: a s. intsamil, Wb. 16a27 . intṡamail, Sg. 6a11 . d s. intamail, Ml. 37c1 . vn. of in-samlathar. Variously spelt in glosses: intamail, Wb. 5b20 . Sg. 203b4 , and always in Ml., but with etymological spelling intsamail, Wb. 16a27 . intṡamil, Sg. 64a8 . indsamuil, Wb. 13a27 . insamil, 30a25 (see Hessen, ZCP x 322 ). Great variety in spelling in Mid. and Mod. Ir.: intamail, LU 10120. indtsamail, Laws v 30.14 Comm. indshamail, innshamail, inntamail, PH. ionshamhail, Aithd. D. 69 § 30. ionntamhail, TD 9 § 5. ionnshamhail, TSh. 6065. ionntsamhlaibh, Keat. iii 1610. The forms without either t or s — innamail, indamail — may be due to confusion with innamail, q.v. (to which some of the exx. below may belong), or may have a different origin, but are used in the same sense as intamail.

act of imitating, imitation; similitude, comparison; likeness, semblance, like; simulation, pretence: hore dongniith-si ar n-intsamil ni hi cacha bésaib `because ye do imitate us in all usages,' Wb. 16a27 . tre chomalnad et intsamil neich dogniamni `through fulfilment and imitation of whatever we do,' 16a25 . ar ná bad rómár leosom intsamil crist, 11c7 . farcongair som tra sunt indsamuil precepte et labrad ilbélre `he orders (them) to imitate (his) preaching ...,' 13a27 . ro art lessom epert friusom intsamli dae statim , 24c10 . tre intṡamail inna sen-grec, Sg. 6a11 . intṡamil gl. instar, 64a8 . intamail méte immurgu doḟoirnde tantundem `('tis) the similitude of quantity, however, that tantundem denotes,' 203b4 . ho nach intamail gl. emulatione, Ml. 37c1 . biid chiall intamlae is indí a(s z)elaueris `the sense of imitation,' Ml. 56b33 . ar athis leusom a n-intamail fria ndeu, 138c10 . intamlai ┐ chosmailsea dober do demnigiud dliged naile `the similes and comparisons ...,' 51d5 . conidh fo indtsamail na bundsaigi amlaid sin aderar bundsach comairci ria according to the simile, Laws v 30.14 Comm. ní fail baéstataid mór and inn intamail inna pecthach fri cethrai, Ml. 69c7 . huand intamail (gl. similatione (amicitiae)) .i. robu mou de int erchot huare rombói intamail caratraid and, 61c8 . bid cosecrad dot broind aní sin .i. intamail ind úain nemlochtaig semblance, LU 4250. nocon ḟail | saer dogned a hinnamail (of a house), Rawl. 79a42 . o'tcondcatar na Masilecdha intṡamail tulcha dermaire ic faelsnam tarsin faithche `the semblance of a hugh hill ...' (of a siege-tower), CCath. 1832. a innamail na cumachtach (cumachta, v.l.) forordha i talmain ... .i. a Róimh rouasal ` rival ,' 424 . caide imorro innshamail na bethad daenna acht ceó ..., PH 4658. a indshamail t-shinnaig for imad do chelg `thou image of a fox ...,' 8247 . is é a indshamail-so do grád dobeir in t-én don ghoiste ... it is this kind of love ..., 7736 . imon tesmailt is coir dó do sechem ┐ do inntshamail, 3981 . aingil, na facus reme na iarum a n-indshamail, 1900 . ni thanic a hinnamail ... in Erind riam, Cog. 48.2 . tigcit clesuidhi ... ┐ doníad innṡamail gréine ┐ esca `the likeness of a sun and moon,' Maund. § 206 . oen inthamail Hechtair ... i n-iarthar in betha, RC xxii 396.31 (BDD App.). ba hindtamuil aidchi dona hairsidib sin `it was like night to those veterans,' TTebe 3082 . ní roibhe a hinnamail sin d'ech ar luas, RC xix 260.16 . na boi fó nim nech coniced indshamail Mártain i fertaib, RC ii 398 § 35. tar áiremh ocus tar innamail ... inneoch adbath ann beyond number or compare, SG 20.35 . rob é a innshamail ann sein mar bís bradan i mbuailid `he might be compared on this occasion to ...,' MR 232.14 . intamail ainmech derogatory comparison, 124.13 . mairg dan héacht ar n-ionnamhail `I pity one who deems it heroic to attack one like me,' Aithd. D. 74 § 4. tearc ann ionntamhail na bhfear, TD 9 § 5. do bhriathra troma ar Thorna | dob'eagail a n-ionnamhla | ag lucht eagna dá rádh rinn `I fear that similar ones would be addressed to me by learned folk,' Content. ix 22. glóir an bhaile 'na mbíodh sinn— | a hionnamhail ní fhaicim, a Dhé, do neamhghlóir aniogh `I see nought so inglorious today,' Studies 1924, p. 85 § 3 . a bháthadh i n-uisge, nó a ghoin lé harm, nó a n-ionnshamhla oile do bhásaibh ... obanna other similar sudden deaths, TSh. 5438. adeir Elias naomhtha ionnshamhail an chomhráidh chéadna ` the like of ,' 6065 . ata indamail reilge bige 'sa mbaili-si `a place like a little churchyard,' BCC 42.26 . agus ionnamhail chaoire moire tenedh do eirgi ós an mbaile, AFM iii 10.3 .

fer a innshamail (nom. in apposition), or fer a innshamla (gen.), a man like him, his peer: Cf. nocha ticfa tar a éis co bráth aon laoch a ionnsamhail, Cog. 200.5 . tearc ingheana a n-ionnshamhail, DDána 55 § 2. ni bui isin re sin sealgaire a innsamla, RC v 200.15 . brón a ionnshamhla | ar shlógh lionnadhbha Lighean, DDána 81 § 8. do-rad N. ... | phóig a hionnamhla sin `just such a kiss,' TD 1 § 15.

fo i.¤ after the manner of, like: fo intamail na hiubaile bicce Ebreorum , Thes. ii 309.13 ( Hy. II Comm. ). is amlaid iarom baí a tech sin .i. in Cráebrúad Choncobair fó intamail Tige Midchúarda, LU 10120. ro chum in firmaimint ... ocus in talam for intsamail ubaill fir chruind for lar na firmaiminti, Laws i 26.24 Comm. [do'g]niter cretach curach ... fó indtamail [na] curach gnáthaigther lé cinedhaibh na Uén[et]ecdha for sruth Paid, CCath. 2379. fo ínntamail-sium ┐ fo chosmailius, PH 4093. sochaide ... do noemaib ... ro-chloeset in doman ┐ demun fo indshamail Crist `after the example of Christ,' 1473 . fo indsamail bachla nepscoip, D iv 2, 53vb5 . íar n-i.¤ after the manner of, in imitation of: amal do-ronus-[s]a umaloit dúib-se, co ndena cach uaib umaloit diaraile iar m'inntshamail-se, PH 5273. cu rathraethum ┐ cu ra-thimaircem ar corp ... iar na índtshamail-seom, 4778 .

maeth, moeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maeth, moeth or dil.ie/31263
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: moíth, moithiu, maeth, muíthṡlatta

adj o, ā. O.Ir. moíth. Soft, tender, yielding (of substance or texture, also in fig. sense): gl. tener, Ml. 87b11 , lēvem, 87b13b . compar. moithiu, gl. molliorem, Sg. 16a3 . maeth, gl. tener, Ir. Gl. 394. maoth .i. mō is mēth, Corm. Y 926. [m]aeth .i. bocc no tlaith no binn, O'Dav. 1205. In physical sense: inna ingnea mmoitha, gl. tenerae ungulae, Ml. 87b11 . glabrio .i. moit ł nephulach, Études Celt. xi 115 (Paris Latin 10290 15 b 15) . do chriss duillech mæth, TBC-LL¹ 4072. folt mæth, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . in cháer comraig nār lanmaeth (of a projectile), ZCP v 504 y . meas maeth soft ripe fruit, viii 202.14 . tarb mæth ` sleek ', Metr. Dinds. iv 338. Of sound: muiti .i. mifothai no maitha soft , Auraic. 467. Cf. O'Dav. 1205 above. Of persons, tender, delicate , often denoting immaturity or youth: minores .i. inn aes moith ┐ anfoirbthe, Ml. 45b17 . is ro-mǽth maccaem a ṡamla sain, TBC-LL¹ 2084. a maccáin maeith!, LL 34a6 . go bhfuilid na leinimh maoth, Gen. xxxiii 13. druim fri mna mætha mine, ZCP vi 264 § 9. In fig. sense: is moíth a forcital (i.e. suited for unripe or weak understandings), Wb. 19c1 . inna forcital moitha, gl. rudimenta, Ml. 47d12 . bá-sa maéth fri maíthi compliant, yielding (?), LU 9334 , cf. Tec. Corm. § 30.9 . superl. gurab é an croidhe colnaidhe is maotha ┐ is sochma, TSh. 10506. In depreciatory sense, physical and moral, flaccid, weak, nerveless: in Fraech . . . nachar moeth arm a n-imgoin `his weapon was not feeble in the fray', Metr. Dinds. iii 356. maeth mo chreasa-sa feeble my loins, BS 94.22 . ar ngleó . . . nir maeth, Cog. 64.3 . don Chriosdaidhe óg bhíos maoth beig-nertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.

As subst. of that which is soft: puls .i. soib ł ithi ł moet, Études Celt. xi 114 (Paris Latin 10290 15 b 8) . mæth bo-shaille `tender corned-beef', MacCongl. 61.28 . rasiacht Medb mæth n-araig bar Fer ndiad im chomlond, TBC-LL¹ 3163 , cf. 3166 , 3236 , 3239 ; `den sanften (Zwang) einer Bindung', Wind.; a friendly compact? perh. a technical term. Cartilage (?) or some other soft part of the body: cor bean māeth na cluaisi de co roibi in chluas lomm cen māethān fuirri, Corp. Gen. 190 n. g-g (Lec.). coro slecht uile fiadhu co raem[d]etar tul a n-etan ┐ maetha hi srona 'they all prostrated themselves before him, so that the tops of their foreheads and the gristle of their noses ... broke', RDinds. § 85 (p. 35) .

Freq. in compds.

(a) with subst.: maothainder a tender woman, BS 48.14 . ben mæthainech soft-featured , TBC-I¹ 2789. ¤celt a soft mantle ; as npr. m.: mac Móethcelt, LL 352d36 = Meucelt, BB 223a21 ; see Wortk. § 16. ¤ceo: tréig do mhaoithchiaig `quit thy dejected melancholy', O'Gr. Cat. 457.9. ¤cleth: condlig a chomarba . . . miach moethchleithe la muic find, LL 199b45 ( young osiers ? or some kind of esculent plant ?). ¤cride: maothchroidhe na maighdine soft heart, tenderness , PBocht 77 § 38. lá ar ndaorthaine . . . ní ham maothchroidhe (= repentance ), Ir. Monthly 1930, 515.21 . ¤cuilén a young whelp ; of a boy: imbert moithchulióin, LU 5701 = moithchuiliun, TBC-I¹ 1227. ¤glith ` soft ore (?)', O'Dav. 800. ¤greth: trés na maige moithgretho ` gentle-voiced ', Imr. Brain § 8 (maethgnatha v.l.). ¤íchtar: fri moethichtur a medoin (i.e. soft part of the abdomen), TBC-LL¹ 2566. dar mæthichtar a mæthimlenn, TBC-I¹ 2336. ¤imliu navel or abdomen , see preceding. ¤lám: (as adj.) duthracht fir maíthláim meirb soft-handed , LL 146b12 ( PRIA iii 540 § 6 ). ¤maccaem: TBC-LL¹ 1249. comrama máethmacaím, LU 10277. ¤óclach a youth: moíthócclach, Trip. 52.27 . móethóclach, BDD 99. SCC 23. mǽthóclǽch, TBC-I¹ 1464. dias mæthóclách, TBC-LL¹ 5368. oclach ┐ moethoclach ┐ senoir man, youth and greybeard (of the three Magi), PH 7113. ¤óclachas youths (coll.), BLism. 110ra9 . ¤ruided: co mbai a maethruidead tria hagaid delicate flush, YBL 164a10 . ¤slat a tender twig or sapling: pl. muíthṡlatta , LL 34b2 . maethṡlat a stripling , MR 294.13 . ¤slucad bech ` soft swallowing of bees ' (a trespass committed by hens), Laws iv 116.10 Comm. ¤sról(l): inar maithsroill, Acall. 5374 , 7415 . hi B. na meirgedh maothsróil, BNnÉ 284.10 . ¤tráth: co m. eirgi the genial morn, TFerbe 392 .

(b) with adj. forming dwanda-compds., or with adj. derived from subst. ¤álaind: meic míni maethalli, LL 225a5 ( TTr. 568 ). do bláthaib maoth-áille, TSh. 4207. ¤bog-gel: Bebinn an chneis maothbuiggil, ZCP xiii 19.4 . ¤buide: folt maethbuidhi, BB 427a46 . ¤cnesach soft-skinned , Auraic. 3090. ¤cóir soft and straight , of arms, BDD 2. ¤corcra: laoch maothc. fresh-complexioned (?), ZCP x 279.12 . ¤gel: batar moethgelu a dha gúaluinn, IT i 120.2 . BDD 1. ¤gorm: do mhioll mhaothghurm (of a bruise or swelling), AFM v 1678.13 . ¤ingnech : maíthingnech 'soft-nailed (one who is not accustomed to manual labour)' Ériu lviii 8 § 1 . ¤mas(s): tlacht mín m., Anecd. i 68 § 162. ¤slemon: muc mín maethṡlemun mara sleek and slippery , LL 235b12 ( TTr. 1373 ).

1 matan, maiten

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 matan, maiten or dil.ie/31670
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: mmatain, matin, matain, mmatin, madan, maidean, madan, maiden, madan, maidean, maidean, matain, maiden, matan, maitne

n ā, f., (< Lat. mā(tū)tīna, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 204 , 232 or < Lat. *matīna, Ériu xxxiv 60 n. 114 ): a s. co mmatain , BCr. 33b1 . matin, 33c5 ( Thes. ii 20.39 , 22.36 ). d s. isin matain , Ml. 44b1 . re mmatin , 107d13 . Also treated as o, m. in Mid.Ir. madan, IGT Dec. § 18.9 , maidean, § 54.5 (ā, f.); but madan, § 17.9 ; maiden, § 23 (o, m.); d s. a madan , ib. ex. 717 ; ar maidean , 830 . Cf. fair maitin . . . ar cumtubairt in maitin, O'Mulc. 491. Mod. maidean (maidin), f.

(a) morning: matan mairt, LU 3007. matan in loei, PH 103. co tanicc maten iarna márach, IT i 126.5 . tráth bá maiten dóib, 138.8 (LU = matan, Eg.). ar madain (= mane facto), Lat. Lives 20 = isin maittin, 37 . fri uare na matne, TBC-LL¹ 2089. a dorbblass na matni muchi, 3774 . mór maitne ba moch th'eirge, 4004 . dobhurṡoillsi na maidne muiche, CCath. 1923. grian eirgheas i madain, PBocht 8 § 23. As adv. in a s. or d s.: matain tancatar a tech, Hy. v 54 , but: matan ba óg in garman, ib. 76 . atragat . . . matain muich, FB 64. luid in rectaire matain moch, IT i 74.9 . sailm aurnaichti . . . fogníad madin la sochuidi psalms of prayer are used by some in the morning, Mon. Tall. § 5. maiden [matan v.l.] iar n-eirgi . . . slechtuid fo thri, ZCP vii 310 § 2. mad mattin no berthe in mac, viii 309.14 . Asadv. in g s.: dogníd C. cacha maitne cach cless díb every morning, TBC-LL¹ 2121. cen a fothrucud cech maitni, LL 125a7 . gacha maidne, TSh. 260. re tri maidneachaib a ndiaidh a ceili on three successive mornings, R.I.A. 23 P 10³, 6b34 (late form). Fig. dawning, beginning : conid hé-sin fescor na haéssi-sin, ar ro-baé matan ┐ fescor cacha haéssi 'that is the close of that Age, for there was a dawning and a setting of every age', Sex Aet. 71 § 18 .

(b) matins (canonical hour), also called iarmérge, tiugnár, see KMMisc. 162. antert, tert . . . midnoct, maten, Thes. i 3.36 .

Compd. matan-ṡolus dawn , Alex. 753.

medón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. medón or dil.ie/31746
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: medān, meodhan, meodun, meadhón, meadhán, meidheón, medōin

n o, m., medān (: gerān), Anecd. i 57 § 57. meodhan, LL 395a37 , 48 (late form). d s. meodun, Laws i 80.24 Comm. meadhón meadhán meidheón, IGT Dec. § 35.16 .

(a) middle, centre (of space or time): dub a íchtur, derg a m.¤ ┐ a uachtor (of flame), FA 21. for medon maige, Hy. v 11. ó m.¤ co himbel, Fél. Ep. 343. i mm.¤ na cathrach, FB 88. inna medón in their midst, Ml. 105d8 . a meadhon an chomhchruinnighthe, Proverbs v 14. hi medhón a aoisi in the flower of his age, AFM vi 2176. (cryptic) mvincedan .i. medhón, Goid. 75 § 24 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

As adv.,absol. or with prep.: anechtur ┐ medon within , IT i 311 x . is medhon aratairberat ina cethra-so, Anecd. v 24.18 . ar m.¤ (gl. per medium), Sg. 164a2 . isin cathair ar medhón, CCath. 55. TBC-LL¹ 1766. nos-credet ho chride ar m.¤ ┐ nos-faismet o belaib sechtair, PH 6796. do maccaib deorad [echt]ar tir ┐ . . . dó maccaib aurrad ar m.¤ (i.e. indigenous, local), TBC-LL¹ 20. ceart . . . righ Caisil ó thuathaibh ar meadhon (i.e. internal dues), Leb. Cert. 42.1 , cf. 60.13 . rann ó bon . . . ┐ rann ó inn ┐ rand ar m.¤ (legal methods of dividing property), Ériu i 214.15 . cró ar m.¤ , 215.4 . hi mmedón, gl. intus, Sg. 158b5 . is i mm.¤ dogníther . . . ni fo deud (= intrinsecus fit), 157b1 . ni dianechtair acht isint saltair i mmedon, Hib. Min. 5.150 . dóel i medon eturru midway between them, ZCP viii 314.31 .

g s. as attrib.: mēr medōin middle finger, Irish Texts ii 29 § 33. mí meadhoin an fómair . . . mí meadhoin an geimrid (i.e. October and January), O'Gr. Cat. 319.32 , 33 . triath . . . an treana meadhóin (i.e. of the `Trian Medónach'), Keat. Poems 728.

Often strengthened by prefix cert-, fír-, etc.: im certmedon da sliasat, CCath. 5210. hi firmedón na cuardae the very centre, BDD 72. tendmedón traiged the instep , TBC-LL¹ 184.

m.¤ aidche midnight , often as adv.: tráth bá medon aidche, FB 84. eirgit asa suan medon aidche, Ériu ii 130 § 103. m.¤ aídche dorigned talam, KMMisc. 154.101 . One of the canonical hours , ib. 146 § 6 . m.¤ laí midday: i mm.¤ lá tánic C., TBC-LL¹ 6066. go midi medoin laí, 3774 . i mmedon lathi, Hy. ii 46. o trath eirgi co medan lai, Cog. 76.8 . no treigtis a ddurtaig medón láoi at noon , Mon. Tall. § 12. Sext (canonical hour): celeberthair medon lai, Ériu i 44.24 . iii 116.11 . KMMisc. 144 § 2. By extension, the midday meal: dorad cuiredh doip chom a medhoin laói, Fl. Earls 42.16 ; 28.21 ; 78.21 . The south (= Lat. meridies): a haghaidh ar in medon lai, ITS xix 12.1 .

(b) the middle part of the body; the abdomen: don medon (gl. ventrem), Gild. Lor. 207. teidm . . . do galur medóin, SR 4158. fri moethichtur a medoin, TBC-LL¹ 2566. ita mo chorp 'na c[h]amra . . . da fēgainn me as mo medon, ACL iii 239 § 34. betit cind ┐ chosa . . . ┐ medoin iarná tescad, TTr.² 761. The waist: remithir m.¤ fir cach ball díb, BDD 128. slabrada imma m.¤ , FA 25. ro bui cris . . . cengailti ina medhon, ZCP vi 285.35 . Cf. a chaoil, a leasrach, [a] mheadhuin, Eg. Gl. 147. The womb: táinig 'n-a dhuine . . . i meadhón Maria, A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 27. dob fiú lé . . . aenmac Dé techt ad methon, Études Celt. i 83.10 . i meadhón a mhathar, PBocht 32 § 4.

Compds. With subst. in sense middle, mid-: ¤class: as a medonclais middle trench, Laws iii 202.17 . ¤cluiche, in phrase: fer medónchluichi `a man in the midst of the game', a person involved (in an offence, etc.), an accessary to the deed(?), distinguished from fer láime `perpetrator' and sellach `onlooker': is amuil fer laime tigerna in con dorigne in fogail ┐ is amuil fer medoncluichi tigerna in con nā derna, Laws iii 194.26 . cumal co leith do dire . . . for fer laime . . . a trian-side for lucht medoncluithi ┐ aen-trian for seallchaib, Eg. 88, fo. 28 ( O'Curry 2371 ). ¤gait, in phrase: fer medōngaite `middle-theft man' (one who gives away stolen property unwittingly, etc.), Laws iii 302.19 , v 218.16 Comm. ¤ noon: i mmidi medon-lae at the height of noon, CCath. 848 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 3774 above ¤mér middle finger: co remet medoinmeoir [medonm. v.l.], CCath. 5308. ¤sídaigthid mediator, reconciler: medhonsídhaighthi[d] muinntire nimhe ┐ talman, BNnÉ 23 § 1. medonsithaighid, Fen. 2.9 . ¤tairismid standing in the middle (formed to transl. mediastinus), Sg. 37b13 . ¤testimin ` middle period ' (appar. a techn. term used by O.Ir. scribes): is m.¤-t. á fil etarru, Wb. 27d19 : `what is between them (i.e. these verses) is the middle of a period' Thes. ; cf. Sg. 50b19 , Ml. 14b3 , c7 , 22d20 , 55d10 , 77b7 .

With adj. (rare): i mmís Martai medónréid smooth (calm) in the middle (?), Ériu iv 102.15 .

opunn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. opunn or dil.ie/33917

 

Forms: obunn, opund

adj o,ā. later obunn, -onn, -ann. Quick, swift, prompt : obunn .i. luath, O'Dav. 1305. catha opni erlama `nimble and ready battalions', TTr. 1360 ( LL 225a44 ). co narbtar oipni ri airsclaige na gona dib `prompt to ward off the wounds', TTr. 2056 ( LL 244b4 ). muna dherna aithrighe n-obainn, BNnÉ 25 § 13. In unfavourable sense hasty, precipitate : nibbát ecal ocol opond, SCC 25 ( LU 3468 ). saothor obund no remar, ZCP vii 311 § 15 (oppd. to: in cosmail caol fodae narrow persevering routine). Of events, sudden, unexpected : ēc oponn, Laws v 448.29 Comm. do thámh obunn énuaire, Acall. 1265. do bhásaibh obanna, TSh. 5438. compar. nach obainne bás na croiche ioná an bás nádúrtha speedier, 3786 . Adv. focheirdi erchor uait . . . docuirethar obonn anmandae ar a chind (=an animal suddenly intercepts the missile), Corm. Y 1229 = opund, Corm. p. 43 s.v. taurthait. opund dino atuaid [= aduaid] Eua in uball, LB 111a18 ( MacCarthy 54.11 ). aiti araciallathar tassic a n-opund who secures restitution promptly (?), Corm. Y 1232 = i n-opund LB, tassec opunn LL. la eirgi súas co opund, FB 25. tanic co hopand chucaind sollsi dermáir, PH 3777. étid co hoponn siph arm yourselves quickly, CCath. 5168. abair re B. nā fuirighedh a Temraig ach[t] imthiged asti co hobann at once, Ériu iii 170 § 29. [atá] canosasion chom a dhenta go hobonn air `he will soon be canonised', Fl. Earls 98.2 .

Compd. obann-briathrach cach bras, ACL iii 229.114 (`hasty-spoken', ZCP xvii 63 § 36 ).

slinntech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. slinntech or dil.ie/37953

 

Forms: slinnteach, slintech

n (slinn) slinnteach m., IGT Decl. § 22 , § 104 . Collect. shingles, tiles : slintech gl. tectorium, Thes. ii 8.34 ( Acr. 19d1 ). tech ┐ ba tuga s.¤ (slined, v.ll.) bui fair, ZCP iv 35.5 (TBFr. Eg.). in damliac mor Aird-Macha iarna lanecor do ṡlinntiuch la Cellach, AU ii 110.z . mionn luchdmhar cloiche cuirre | slinnteach darach dioghuinne (of a church), Manners and Customs iii 58.40 . teach nach airde finnteach Floinn | [i n-a] ghairde slinnteach soinn, DDána 119.24 . tighe slaitgheala slinntigh, IGT Decl. ex. 11 . cloichshnechta ag eirgi do shlinntech `hail-stones rebounding from slates', Stair Erc. 2183 .

solus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. solus or dil.ie/38426

 

Forms: solas, ṡoluis

(2 so+1 lés)

I Adj. u, later o, ā

(a) bright, clear, light-giving : s.¤ gl. clarus, Ir. Gl. 665 . is rugs.¤ gl. praeclara, Ml. 37d18 . is bés inna tabernacuil didiu is s.¤ `tis is the manner of the tabernacle then that it is light', 40c15 . bit soilsi impo `they will be alight around them', Thes. ii 31.22 (Bvn.). ba s.¤ in grīan īar sein | a medhōn na haidhchi sin, ZCP v 25 § 6 . rind s.¤ (of a saint), Fél. Jan. 30 . a gríanan co senistrib solsib, LU 10636 . issed is coimdigh treibe and a lar ┐ a hairmedha ┐ a inada soillsi, Laws v 326.13 Comm . ro-artraig . . . hi ngné solais . . . in t-shnechta, PH 3384 . lotar . . . isin lō s.¤ dochum a mban, ACL iii 224.29 . dath mar adhairc sholais `a colour like transparent horn', O'Gr. Cat. 252.8 . an tene ┐ gach ni s.¤ ele `and every other light-giving object', Ir. Astr. Tr. 106.16 . nach fuil inadh . . . gan beth deallraigteach s.¤ on grein, 98.10 . ro delbh se . . . in sliabh dorcha . . . do cach ┐ s.¤ taithnemach do fein, Stair Erc. 1779 . ag so an ré 'na ré s.¤ , TD 21.42 . lucht loingsi ó lis na Beirbhe | d'ḟis deilbhe soillsi Saidhbhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1369 . Of places: co Dun Sobairce solos, BB 268a21 . ar Mhagh Luirg na learg solas, DDána 88.32 . Fig. happy, prosperous : indar leo ba s.¤ in bliadain doibh samlaid, Marco P. 85 . Equative: tech . . . soilsidir bid hi lugburt bright as though in a garden, Thes. ii 294.16 . soillsidir óen na retlann, SR 1902 . suillsithir ri snecht a gnúis, MU² 538 . soilsidir caindle cíartha | gnúis meicc Cairne cíallmíadcha, Ériu iv 94 § 13 . Used as compar.: soillsithir fó secht andá grían, LU 2029 (FA). Compar. co mba sollsi oldás grian, PH 6985 . soillse é ná gach aingeal | Míchéal, Dán Dé xxviii 44 . nó an bhfuil ní as soillse ná so, DDána 37.15 . cíoch as soillse iná réalta reoidh, PBocht 2.37 . Used substantivally: dona uaislib no dona soillsib illustrious (or distinguished) persons, O'Curry 437 ( H 3.18, 236a ). As a metrical term: incípít dona hanaichintibh . . . ┐ atáit da earnail furri .i. s.¤ ┐ dorcha, is é so ín s.¤ , IT iii 95 § 148 .

(b) clear (of sound): in guth s.¤ labrastar o bérlu ainglecdha, Ériu ii 100 § 7 . Compar. ba soillsiu ┐ ba gleu gothuib doine, § 8 .

(c) clear, lucid (in intellectual sense): do bi fáidhetoracht C.C. . . . s.¤ sothuicsena, BCC 430.2 . cionnas do bhiadh eólas solas ar an Ttríonnóid agoibh?, Desid. 4867 . snadhmadh s.¤ ar an síothcháin, DDána 111.24 (prose 384.23 ). Compar. sloinn dúinn ní is soillse iná sin `name to us more clearly', TD 13.30 . Adv. atbér cen snaidm co s.¤ | a hainm is a bunadus, KMMisc. 194 § 1 .

II Subst. o. solas, m. IGT Decl. § 53 .

(a) light: goor gach s.¤ i suidi, Corm. Y 675 . goar .i. s.¤ isin Fenic[h]us, Auraic. 633 . mar na faicfea s.¤ co bráth, PH 7760 . a agad ar in s.¤ ngrianda budhdhes, Marco P. 85 . as tríthe tháinig an solas neamhdha dochum an chinidh dhaonna, Desid. 6309 . o thainic . . . s.¤ tratheirgi do lo arnamarch, TTebe 2195 . degsamlacht soluis an re, Ir. Astr. Tr. 106.4 . ní fhuil s.¤ mo dhearc agam (lumen oculorum), TSh. 4203 . a ṡoluis oidhche um iarnóin (of a weapon), TD 33.4 . biodh s.¤ ann ┐ do bhi an s.¤ ann, Gen. i 3 . Fig. ar solas ríochoinnle, ar n-inghean Iachaimne (of Mary), Aithd. D. 72.11 . s.¤ eccna na hEreann, AFM iv 1098.5 Attrib. g s.: do bhí an néalsain 'n-a néal ṡoluis , DDána 17.13 . in nomad bl. dhec don chicil solais `the solar cycle', ALC i 306.7 .

(b) clarity, intelligibility : sliocht ele . . . dobher solas da ccenas `another passage . . . throws light on their leadership', Geneal. Tracts 88 § 130 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns: ¤bruiden: a solusbruidhnibh . . . na hEmna, Comp. CC 79.9 . ¤chnes fair-skinned: tucus Éblend soluscnis `I wedded Éblenn of the radiant skin', Ériu iv 156.14 . ¤gabáil: ag solusghabáil a pshalm ┐ a pshaltair `blithely chanting', BS 4.11 . ¤lia: treabh na solaisleag soiléir, TD 3.33 . ¤nélgal: ba samalta re solusnellgail ciach, CCath. 5873 . ¤reic: ag éisteacht re dréachtaibh ┐ re duanlaoidhibh . . . gá soluis-reic, DDána 111.24 (prose 384.6 ). ¤ruided: solusruidedh na saerchlann, CCath. 4990 . ¤tech: ar solustighib cláraigh, Acall. 763 . ¤tráth: o solustrath éirgi do ló co medón lái, Acall. 1804 . na ticfa co s. éirge i mbárach, RC xiv 424.8 .

(b) With adjj. (incl. adjj. derived from nouns) ¤bán: tar in sáile s., Acall. 4741 . ¤barr: Niall samglan s. `of shining locks', Ériu iv 108.2 . ¤bog: a dhreach ṡolasbhog, TD 21.18 . ¤gemach: a cathbarr . . . s. fana cenn bright with jewels, ZCP x 299.11 . ¤glan: guth mór s. clear and pure, LU 1934 . broghadha . . . solus-ghlana suaithenta bright and clean, ML² 1072 . ¤íarnaide: na slabradu . . . solus-iarnaidhe, MR 178.3 . ¤mór: dochuadur issin síd s., Acall. 2795 . in lind sholosmór út, MU² 301 . da leaspaire solusmora, BB 15b16 . ¤rennach: fa'n sroll-mergi . . . s. senta sparkling, MR 196.7 . ¤tairthech. As subst.: in Solus-tairtich (name of a draught-board), Acall. 7804 . ¤taitnemach: dentar lespairedha solusthaitneamacha, BB 15b11 . ¤tiug: nírbh oirchios fós a bhfaicsin | gan tracht an taoibh sholuistigh, L. Cl. A. B. 209.22 .

súas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súas or dil.ie/39119
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: soos

adv. up, upwards (implying motion). Archaic soos, Wb. 20a8 (a prima manu). Lenited form perh. fuas, Four Songs 10 § 8 . ZCP i 105.9 (see O'Brien, Ériu xii 236 ).

I Of place.

(a) soos gl. sursum, Wb. 20a8 . a cumgabal suas dochum ṅdæ `the raising of them up to God', Ml. 138a2 . ni tiagat saidai sech satuirn suas, BCr. 18c3 . comscuchud suas ar ómun inna sín, 33b14 . is ed tūargaib a fheba | sūas de sech treba dóine (of Patrick), Hy. ii 24 ( Thes. ii 314 ). s.¤ gl. procliuitatis, KZ xxix 373.11 . ro togaib a lamu suas docum a Tigerna, Laws i 6.9 . a dublad sin do gach gradh ó thsin suas go rí tuath (of ascending social grades), iv 226.14 . co tócband inna anmand s.¤ , LU 2118 ( FA 18 ). tanócaib s.¤ la sodain in cuach, LU 8983 ( FB 74 ). tosnúargaib s.¤ . . . isin n-aer rises up into the air, LU 9102 ( FB 85 ). la eirgi s.¤ co opund, LU 8381 ( FB 25 ). at-racht sūas, Sc.M² 4 . comérget s.¤ , BDD² 1395 . nis arlaic sech ard a glúne s.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 901 . co r-chuir-sium na mairb beoa as suas, PH 37 . in ordu as a chinn suas `the thumb extended over it' (of the fist as a measure of length. Etymol. gloss), Laws ii 240.2 Comm . tri traigthe a n-airde in muir .i. suass, iv 112.5 , 24 Comm . mór gach tene a tigh Í Th. | fir reme go slesaibh s.¤ up to the walls, IGT Decl. ex. 242 . go dtógbhann an bás . . . a sheólta suas, TSh. 2389 . ? D. . . . | bang s.¤ do cuir ara cinedh | an duas cruid nar dliged de, Irish Texts ii 43 § 26 . In exhortation, encouragement: bíodh do chroidhe s.¤ mur soin lift up your heart, L. Cl. A. B. 132.51 . suas leat, a cheinnbhile cháigh, 151.31 . suas led mheanmuin, a mhacaoimh, 28 . Cf. ní thógbhuim suas mo mheanma ar son n-aoinneith (said by Humility), Desid. 2964 .

(b) With sís: sís fucertar cech ingor suas fuscerdamni, Wb. 34a2 . bertair s.¤ co firmimint cach ra n-úair. Telciter sís . . . in n-uair aile, LU 2203 ( FA 28 ). a chosa suas ┐ a chend sís, PH 1238 . leth bis sis de do cur suas de .i. olc bís a brat, Laws i 300.18 Comm . na huili giall uili ó tha geill in airech tuisi suas . . . na huili geill othá geill in airech tuisi sis, ii 118.1 , 3 Comm .

(c) Of ascending to heaven: S. . . . | ruc s.¤ saithe snámach, Fél. Aug. 6 . cechaing s.¤ . . . | slóg dermar de rígaib, Oct. 9 . tresngata na huile dúile suas coricci riched `up to heaven', Mon. Tall. 85 (162.38) . ? seacht cumat deg . . . | ag nim suas im gaeth ngairigh (height of Nimrod's tower), Auraic. 290 . is baoghal dham seachrán suas that I will go astray on the journey to heaven (?), Dán Dé vi 1a . maith do chaithfinn | congnamh liom fam leigin suas, DDána 26.32 . Peadar is é ar seolchrann suas on the voyage up to heaven, 34.30 . ? dod ghaol suas beatha gan bhás (to Mary), 19.5 . an saoghal suas heaven, PBocht 7.29 .

(d) Of coming out of a river: issa tír s.¤ , TBFr. 236 . dochuaid . . . as in sruth suas for tír, PH 4736 . do sgoilt giolla gég don ghiús | do bhrég liús na Sionna s.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 1052 .

(e) Of direction, points of the compass (see túas): ro crechsat Brefini uli dar Athliac suas, Cog. 108.6 `north of A.', cxli n. 4 . dénam suas is a' m-Bac m-bind, Hy Fiach. 232.1 `to the south', note. fada s.¤ fa bhrúach mBeirbhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1373 . cuiris A. na Goill sin i mbraighdenus tar Lathaigh suas, AFM iii 244.9 . scríobh . . . litreacha d'ionnsuidhe mo dhearbhráthar-si suas don mBréifne (speaker is in Fermanagh), Maguires of F. 34.1 .

II

(a) back (in genealogy, time, etc.): cuig riga fiche . . . | re n-aiream suas co saerN., MacCarthy 316 § 6 ( BB 14a5 ). da bliadain .xl. ┐ .ix. c. o Abraham co dilind suas, BB 23a33 . trí fichid rí is dá rígh dhéag | suas ó Niall, TD 7.48 . téid an sionnach suas ó shoin `back beyond that' (in stating his age), Content. xi 8 . i n-aghaidh Néill | . . . | gá raibhe a dtáinig roimhe | suas isin réim ríoghraidhe before him (in time), xvi 186 . Of words in a list: inann ghabaid acht o ulaidh suas save `ula' and those preceding it, IGT Decl. § 4 .

(b) forward, on (in time): ó medón láe s.¤ co nóin, Maund. 246 . Usually in ó sin (so) s.¤ from then (now) on, henceforth: ó sein suas, DDána 35.14 . feadh a saoghail ó sin suas, PBocht 11A.29 . ó shoin s.¤ , SG 6.3 . ō sin suas, Fl. Earls 112.7 . biad . . . soitheagoisg ó so suas, Desid. 4511 . ó so s.¤ , BNnÉ 267 § 236.

III With verbs in various idioms (see also O'Rahilly, Gadelica 65 ). atá s.¤ is alive, exists : ní fhuil dá mac samhla suas | acht slat do chnuas abhla ór [fhás] `exists', Dán Dé xxix 13 . an bhfuil . . . | suas don ghasraidh . . . | óg ná arsaidh ar admháil alive, L. Cl. A. B. 268.7 . má do chíthí . . .| bhar n-anáir suas `standing secure', Content. xxix 9 . borraid s.¤ emerges, bursts forth: o'n gceud am ar thosuigheadar droch-chlaonta a ngeineamhna air bhorradh suas, Donlevy xviii 13 . congbáil s.¤ support, sustain (life): an mhéid as riachtanas do chum a chongmhála suas = para su vida, Desid. 1210 . cuirid s.¤ de gives up, renounces, repudiates : cuirim suas dod muinterdas | a Finn cid maith do fregrad-sa, SG 262.15 . ni chuirfeadh Dia suas do (leg. de?) má dheinn an aithríghe God would not give him up, ZCP iv 452.5 . as uime so do chuirmid-ne suas don eagluis Romhanaigh, Luc. Fid. 184.19 . d'ar chuir sé suas de cheann na heagluise tré formad ┐ ainmhian, Eochairsg. 22.4 . Note also: do chuir se srang suas `fitted a string to his bow', Stair Erc. 2277 . Néro chuir lé lasadh suas í an Róimh who set fire to Rome, Keat. Poems 290 . dobeir s.¤ brings up, rears : tabhairther suas iad a léighionn ┐ a ccrábhadh, Mac Aingil 432.7 . tugadh suas i bhfoghluim, Keat. ii 199 . C. . . . tugadh suas ar dhéirc in a sgoláire, Eochairsg. 22.8 . Note also: do chuaidh . . . ar an bhfásach do thabhairt bheatha dithreabhaigh suas to live the life of a hermit, 89.12 . súil do thabhairt suas air thrócaire an Tighearna to hope for, Donlevy xi 20 . do-gní s.¤ makes up, puts together, compiles : déanamh nuimhre suas mar sin | ní ceisd é d'fhior a n-áirimh `to make up the number', Content. v 124 . as do thri neithibh do nithear suas an aondacht-so, Luc. Fid. 376.3 . ris an teagasg do rinneadh suas an aoin-teangaidh amháin was compiled, Donlevy v 22 . do-léici s.¤ : tailcid na gillu suas release the boys, LL 279a32 . druidid s.¤ : créad do bheir ort gan drud suas why do you not draw up (to the fire), TD 22.18 . druididh suas draw near, Keat. Poems 633 . dul s.¤ ó avoid, evade : dul suas on cconsboid ata do lathair (method of a shifty opponent in argument), Luc. Fid. 315.20 . techt s.¤ : foighéanuid duit dochum teachta suas eidir bhráithribh an toighe to live, Desid. 6990 . tócbaid s.¤ : cí bé air bith comhluadar . . . do thógas suas sinn `employs us', Donlevy 400.12 .

? As prep. (cf. úas) in: ro-tarb suas daumha ┐ dam conchaid (sic leg.), Laws iv 100.25 Comm . (see Thurn., ZCP xv 341 ).

Compds. ? ¤bog: do miciallad e do briathraibh serba suasboga, ZCP x 307.16 . ¤déicsid lit. one who looks up: antropus (= Gk. ἄνθρωπος) .i. suas-deicsid (see note), O'Mulc. 86 . ¤maél crest of hair (?) TBC-LL² 328 , ZCP xliv 165 n. 19 : óenfher eturru, súasmáel dubrintach fair, MU² 688 , `close-cropped head', Gloss. Cf. súasmháel .i. folt . . . súas, H 3.18, 607bz láech and … súas máeldub (leg. suasmáel dub) demis fair, LU 9264 = suas mael dub deimsidhe fair suidhe, Anecd. iii 50.6 . (cf. túathmaél s.v. 2 túath-?). ¤tócbáil: beraidh do bhean mac duit . . . ┐ biaidh subachus ┐ suas-togbail mor agudsu de exaltation (?), Lib. Flav. ii 4a24 .

? taithmide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? taithmide or dil.ie/39908

 

n dun delrad ┐ dun taithmidhi robui ... do Grecaib ig eirgi cum in catha shine, brilliance (?), BB 431b17 . ? Leg. tait(h)nemaige.

uinegra, uinégir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. uinegra, uinégir or dil.ie/43008
Last Revised: 2013

 

n vinegar : da n-eirgi att ina cosaib coimil ola roisi ┐ uinegra dib, Irish Texts v 34.21 . uinégir fóna ceannaibh, RSláinte 10280 .