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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib , ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

cáeraigecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáeraigecht or dil.ie/7646
Last Revised: 2013

 

n f. (? cáer Peritia v 389 )

(a)

nomadic herd of cattle driven from place to place for pasture or in time of war with the forces of their owners, see AFM iv 1224 note f. Cf. Engl. creaght. `wherein was O'Conner [R]oes cattles (hibernicè Caerycht)', Misc. Arch. Soc. i 223 . hUa R. dia lleanmuin ┐ maidm caeraidhechta do buain eistib , AU iii 22.16 . ro fháccaibh sidhe lucht coimhetta for a chaoraighecht, AFM vi 2274.19 . tainicc T. annsa caoraighecht ┐ rinne crecha mora orra, L. Chl. S. 29 .

(b) herdsmen , esp. those who drove the animals captured in a foray: Mag Mhathghamhna co na chaoraigheacht do dhol hi ccenn . . . Gall, AFM iv 1224.3 . clann Muiris . . . cona ccaoraigheacht, 810.7 and note. rucc a chaoraigheacht, a mhna, ┐ a mhuinteara go G.C., v 1820.7 . Brian na caoroigheachta, Hy Fiach. 66.20 . Hence predatory band : do dhortsedar caeraigechd h. Conchubhair eidir chois ┐ ech ina chend, ALC ii 112.28 . caer .i. coimthinol, ┐ deismirecht air: caeraighecht, O'Curry 1460 ( H 3.18, 650a ).

cartad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cartad or dil.ie/8271

 

[u and] o, m. vn. of cartaid act of scouring, clearing out, cleansing; (of persons, animals) expelling: c.¤ a cartosacaros .i. scopae , O'Mulc. 212 . carta[d] .i. dorta[d], ut est carta[d] ecar aircellad .i. dortad ar égin, O'Dav. 419 . can tide (leg. tige) do cartadh ann (i.e. on Sunday), O'D. 1947 ( Add. 4783, 7b ). c.¤ raite, c.¤ aenaig, Laws i 122.14 .i. . . . a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib, 128.7 Comm. is slan a c.¤ a pudrull eistib amach, v 208 n. 9 Comm. gl. a tarrung a los a putrull. for sluasaitt in chartaidh, BNnÉ 325 § 42 . Of persons: ica c.¤ ind ifirn, YBL 121a16 . a c.¤ a purt na Troe, LL 31035 (TTr.). ? itaghar mor duin a c.¤ in morsluaig umaind dogach leth surging(?), BB 414a18 . Of driving out cattle: slan do a c.¤ an conair tangadar, O'Curry 2325 ( Eg. 88, 25b ). imain fo muir .i. . . . in tan is for traig tancatar, is a c.¤ for traig, Laws v 138.17 Comm. atbert a ch.¤ for cúl (of a horse), Metr. Dinds. iv 66.109 .

comaithches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaithches or dil.ie/10690

 

Forms: comaithgess, comaigthes, comicheas, comaithchesa, comchesa, comaidhcis

n u, m. (comaithech). Also comaithgess, Trip.² 1671 . comaigthes, Hib. Min. 76 § 2 . comicheas, Laws v 462.19 . g s. comaithchesa, O'Curry 23 ( H 3.18, 10b ). comchesa, Laws i 272.y Comm. As o-stem comaidhcis, O'Curry 723 ( H 3.18, 346 ).

(a) neighbourhood relationship, legal situation of a comaithech, local community relations after land has been cleared and apportioned: bretha comaithchesa inso .i. c.¤ cangaibter a comorbus cenn congaibther c.¤ a comrainn selbha athar ar lín mac, O'Curry 23 ( H 3.18, 10b ). cid ara neibenar comaithces cumagnais andsin ? (sic leg.). arinni is comaith gnais caich diaraili do lomrad smachta ┐ cáiche; araili is comaithces arinni is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech ┐ aircindech fri bachlach why is it called neighbourhood of equal association ? . . . otherwise it is neighbourhood because the nobleman takes it equally with the commoner, Laws iv 68.2 ff. (cf. O'Dav. 524 ). can forbeir coimaithces ? A ilchomarbus (sic leg.) . . . Conrandat comarba cetamus a randa ┐ a sealba ┐ imfen cach dib fri araile, ┐ dobeir cach dib diguin diaraile, 68.19 ff. cid dofet a comaices ? Dofet rand ime what takes precedence in c. ? 70.1 .i. comaircim cid is remthechtach isin aithechus cumaide, 5 Comm. co dentar coimaices ? Anrandtar aile ar treisi; ingaibtar aile ime dia cuicti; inforcindtar aile dia dechmaide; incomalltar og ime dia mis, 18 . a ui Chuinn, co roich comaithceas crich ? . . . Co mmuir co ruth, co romuir, co roilbhi, co ramut bidbad (i.e. the division of land extends as far as forest-land, sea, mountain etc.), ZCP xii 363.11 . comhaithches ann so: Nach tír ná techta díorainn do muigh, no sleibh . . . dlighidh urrann innibh . . . ┐ rod do ṡliabh . . . this is a rule of c.¤ , any holding that does not include a portion of uncultivated land and mountain is entitled to such a portion and to access to it, Ériu xiii 33.18 . ni tuailing breitheamnacht la Feine na fiastar tellach ┐ comicheas mbruigrechta, Laws v 462.19 . brithem beras breith coir eter da comaidech rofiastar teora delba comaidcesa .i. smacht ┐ aithgin ┐ cathaig three aspects of the law of neighbouring land-holding, ZCP xii 363.4 ( O'Curry 20 ). atait secht n-aile la feine a comaithces nad usa adrodmaither a ratha: tond aile, tracht aile . . ., Laws v 270.13 . atait secht n-oirgni a comaithces, nadcon tuillet smachta . . .: ag imsoi dia eol, ag fris'roscrad a chond . . ., 268.17 . do denam a cota don c.¤ duty of a `comaithech', ZCP xv 315.27 . cadiat smachta ime ┐ comaicesa ? Smachta ime, rama fri clais, soc fri coraid, biail fri dairime (comaithig who failed to fence their holdings were subject to the confiscation of their tools), Laws iv 72.1 . arindi do nairgella cach ara cethrai a coir comathcesa frisna cethri comaithchiu ata nesom immidbiat, i 260.10 .i. ro comilledh in athachus comuidh do reir coir, 274.25 Comm. slán cech comaithchius curthar gellaib every neighbourhood relationship is sound, PRIA xxxvi (1923) 309.3 ( Laws iv 340.22 ). ar ocht cethraib bite for comaidches .i. bai ┐ mucca, eich, cairigh, gabair, cercca, beich, geoidh (i.e. which `count' in the rules of c.), ZCP xii 363.7 ( O'Curry 20 ). cain comaidhcis, O'Curry 723 ( H 3.18, 346 ). beo-dili fine . . . ni fuil ni eistib, a cuairt comaicesa (i.e. no payment is due to anyone on cattle found straying within the territory held by the comaithig), Laws v 324.19 Comm. a fidh chomaithchesa woodland subject to c., O'Curry 1026 ( H 3.18, 432a ). ised is cinta comaithchesa ann, iní do dena re hoiledaib ┐ re hairbedaibh, re fer ┐ re arbar . . . offences against neighbouring landholders, Laws iii 186.1 Comm. nocho biaid comaithgess and in saeculum no settled occupancy(?), Trip.² 1671 . no is coimiches boi occu imon usqe (i.e. they had a right to the water such as would exist under the law of c.), Celtica iv 6.8 . ro baí imresain . . . im comhroinn ┐ im comhaightes a ccriche, AFM vi 2086.16 . Note also: ogṡaire na hecailse co brath, can ch.¤ sliged no cailled acht a bith i coi[t]chend . . . do cach Midiuch neighbourhood rights, Misc. Arch. Soc. 144.z .

(b) proximity, neighbourhood, occupation of adjacent territory; neighbourship; neighbourly relations : o sunn rancatar fodes / co Ioseph hi c.¤ , SR 3650 . comaithig . . . do M. Huī Māil ┐ ba holc . . . a chomaithcess doib (`neighbour- ship', Gloss.), Fing. R. 955 . dligid c.¤ caomclōdh, Anecd. iii 14.21 . ona borbaib barbardaib filet i c.¤ Gréc, LL 31207 ( TTr. 390 ). BB 416a25 . i lleth ri sruth Níl fodess / fri Affraic a comaidchess near(?), LL 16243 . Meoit ri hArmein aníar / i comaithchess nach rochian, 16267 . ba fae do cechta[r] de a comriachtain ┐ a comadces to encounter one another or to be in one another's proximity, Cog. 58.21 . Dall is Dorcha rís aneas/ri cromtha rí comaices, BB 351b44 . comhaithcheas .i. comharsanachd, O'Cl.

(c) strangeness, dissimilarity : ó chomaithcheas ┐ ó éxsamhlacht na ngalar `strangeness and variety', De Contemptu 1049 . Gramm.: gach táoibhréim úathaidh théid a coimhitheas (gcomoighthes v.l.) no is faide iná a ainm úathaidh which takes on a different form, IGT Decl. § 21 (75.17) . ó théid a ccomhuidheas tar a chruth féin, Introd. § 18 .

(d) estrangement, enmity : dogniter iarum comhaighthes friu ┐ diultad `unneighbourliness', Lism. L. 2898 . id bhrugh ní bhí coimhidheas / re duine do ṡíol Eabha, DDána 120.34 . táir ar gcoimheighthios cogoidh `our violent estrangement was a trifle', Studies 1921, 589 § 6 . dar gcora i gcomhuightheas `of setting us at enmity', Aithd. D. 65.21 . ní neamhoircheas / rí 's a chlann i gcomhaightheas `estranged', 7 . ? doberim mhe fein cen comaithes duid ┐ dena do bail fein dim, ZCP vi 49.2 (`without opposition'). is let-sa misi cen comait[h]us, 37.x . ? an grath (= .d) bes comhaitheas dia luighi, O'Curry 507 ( H 3.18, 257 ).

dochum

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dochum or dil.ie/17406
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: chum, chun, chuin

prep. governing gen. and nasalizing to, towards . In origin proclitic form of tochim. See GOI § 858 . Condemned in IGT Introd. § 131 : dochuirfeadh `d.¤' focal a ccruth táoibhréime damadh cóir é `d.¤' would be followed by the genitive if it were correct (to use it). See also TSh. p. xiv . When used in verse counts as stressed word, : cochall, IGT Introd. § 131 (`lochdach'). : tofunn, ZCP vi 260 § 12 . : dochunn. SG 84.21 .

Earliest usage: a d.¤ to him, Ml. 46d2 . for ndochumsi to you, 53d9 . d.¤ ṅDée, Wb. 10a22 . Later with added prep., most commonly when governing a personal pronoun. With I: ina d.¤ , FB § 37 . innar n-d.¤ , IT i 310.12 . i nd.¤ nÁdaim, SR 2106 . With DO: dom d.¤ , ZCP vi 260 . dia d.¤ , IT i 126.8 . With pleonastic poss. a d.¤ nÉua, SR 1156 . a dóchum na Sabrainde, MacCongl. 25.13 .

In later lang. chum, chun, chuin, SG 28.39 . cuini, AI 388 (s.a. 1295.2) , Celtica x 136 n. 68 .

Mid. Ir. usually without nasalization. Cf. d.¤ dǽ, Ml. 111c3 . Note also: dochumm Shilvestair, PH 284 . d.¤ chumsanta, 1158 . dochumm thalman, 1198 .

I Expressing motion.

(a) to, towards (a destination, whether place or person): ni fil taidchur do d.¤ in choirp sin, Wb. 3a14 . is illánamnas dorograd d.¤ ṅDée, 10a22 . a thabarte d.¤ n-irisse, 11b22 . dochoid . . . d.¤ Pōil for longis, 31d19 . dobertis da boc leu d.¤ tempuil, Tur. 110c . tuidech[t] doib d.¤ a tire, Ml. 104c5 . dotet (viz. the endurance of suffering) d.¤ ind folaid tanaidi inna anmae, 22d9 . saichdetu d.¤ luic, Sg. 214b1 . ní dechuid dochom forcinn it has not gone to the end, 148b3 . is malle connucabsat d.¤ nIsu together they rose to, Hy. ii 66 . d.¤ feda conselai it went to the wood, v 62 . co tarla Brigit d.¤ na cille, Thes. ii 337.39 . arnā tēised nech d.¤ nEamna, TBC-I¹ 595 . dothiagad a nd.¤ , 632 . ass ná téig d.¤ n-Adaim, SR 1152 . rolingiuth . . . dochumm a beoil, IT i 139.17 . rucad d.¤ rīchid, FA 3 . slechtais d.¤ láir he bowed himself to the ground, Mon. Tall. § 7 . do thecht . . . dochumm n-iffirn, PH 3664 . ro-fresgabsat . . . d.¤ nime, 1933 . ro-shín popul na n-Iudaide al-lama dochumm nime, 6658 . roaitherraigh asin leabaidh sin d.¤ ionaidh ele, BS 22.z . dorad andara hurchar . . . d.¤ an chlérigh, 10.23 . rob áil damh dol d.¤ tigerna eile, 104.27 . dia cásc doshaighedh docum Sleibte, ZCP viii 106.y . abrad fris . . . co nā tardad gráin na hirfhuath leis ina d.¤ not to come to him in a form inspiring awe or horror, ACL iii 5.9 . táinic díghaltas ó Dhia d.¤ an ríg, SG 6.38 . nochtait a cridedha d.¤ Dia, 38.21 . co tarrla druim tar ais d.¤ in tsrotha he went head over heels into the stream, RC vi 177.109 . drong do ridirib do techt cum Maic Murcudha, xviii 277.6 . rogairm Hisu . . . docum (do- above line) Philait, YBL 141b33 . atchonnairc go ndechaigh in rí chum cotulta, LB 278az . dochuir Sé fúa[s]gladh chum a dhaoine (= redemptionem misit populo suo), Psalms cxi 9 . dorad cuiredh dōip chom a medhōin láoi an invitation to dinner, Fl. Earls 42.16 . With follg. rel.: tanic . . . dochumm ar-roibe d'iresechaib, PH 223 . risna dóeinib docum a ticit na teadma sin to whom these plagues come, RC xxiv 379.5 . an Chruinne (= Corunna) . . . chom ar thriallsat ó thūs, Fl. Earls 12.15 . an chríoch dheigheanach d.¤ a bfhoilmíd uile ag tairreang, Ó Héodhusa 47 . With vb. of motion understood: fo chosmailius cethrae d.¤ báis after the fashion of a beast (going) to its death, Ml. 69b3 . codla cimedha amail nobiadh d.¤ báis approaching his death, SG 47.2 . findnél na cailce d.¤ inna nél rising towards the clouds, RC xiii 456.20 . conacci a d.¤ in fer isin charput, Imr. Brain § 32 . con-accai . . . in n-aenmnái . . . ina d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 203 . mairg nosleanand co bas nach fedand iarsin docum nimhe, YBL 168a32 .

(b) In more abstract senses: fedir . . . a ndíriduigthe d.¤ nacha rainne aile the derivative tends to become another part of speech, Sg. 188a12 . co nach roich cin indile (sic leg.) chaich d.¤ a cheile that one may not be liable for damage done by the cattle of the other, Laws iv 68.z Comm. mic na mban taighe, cé no-gabtha a oen no dedhe dībh do cum na fine though one or two of them may have been received into the tribe, 294.5 Comm. is é in fégad sin rotcuir Petar d.¤ aithrigi, PH 3194 . dothogsat é d.¤ espocóiti, SG 52.39 . doléicetar a n-aithgne d.¤ a chéile they disclosed themselves to each other, SG 274 . táinig d.¤ críche came to pass, Ó Héodhusa 55.7 . a mhed do dáinib docuirebuir-se docum bais put to death, BCC § 179 . gor cuiredh B. . . . chom bāiss, Fl. Earls 60.3 .

Of poems, letters, greetings, etc.: Slán an Chaomhánaigh d.¤ an athar U. (title of poem), O'Gr. Cat. 665 . betha ┐ sláinti andso ó O nDomhnaill d.¤ a thigerna, 57 .

II Expressing purpose in order to, with a view to (often with follg. vn.): nad mbíad buiden día chinél dochum ndála . . . la hUltu, Trip.² 2656 . do ghabatar a nduana . . . dona laechradaib d.¤ a gcoiscthe, SG 341.2 . seindit . . . cruiti . . . cum aimsighti forro to tempt them, ZCP i 256 § 20 . comar .i. d.¤ treabtha, Triads p. 39 gl. 125 . becán do chraibech ferna do cur docum teinedh cuige to make a fire, BCC § 182 . ca méd maireas don fheinn d.¤ an morchatha, CF 583 . dobhattar ag ulmuccadh d.¤ an láoi sin, BNnÉ 57 § 64 . adermaid d.¤ an derbaid sin for the purpose of that proof, O'Gr. Cat. 247 . cona n-uile ionnstrumint dlesdanach d.¤ uird ┐ aifrenn, Rel. Celt. ii 160 . d.¤ chelcce roinnill an Seinesccal . . . an choinne, AFM v 1710 . fá dtagraim ní triall chum táir it is not with intent to revile, Content. xi 15 . (of the teeth) doníd sochur d.¤ na hurlabhra, 3 C 19, 112 vb 7 . sē laithe sonnradhacha chom deirce gacha bliadhna, Fl. Earls 100.3 . [ata] canosāsion chom a dhēnta go hobonn . . . air his canonization is to take place speedily, 98.2 . Note also: do siredar dias allmurach d.¤ gach fir acu for each of them, CF 165 .

Often in phr. completing sense of a noun or adj.: comullam d.¤ elōid, Celt. Rev. iv 206.5 . bim ullumh com uilc ┐ righin cum gach maithiusa, Lib. Flav. 21 vb 16 . leasc cum na ndeadh-oibrigthi, 9 . dobhádar umhal chum a dhíola willing to pay it, Maguires of F. § 53 . nír díngbála sinn d.¤ a chaithme worthy to eat it, SG 43.z . an tadbur docamhlach docum a iondarbtha the matter difficult to expel, 3 C 22, 190b14 . gan chead sbeisialta do bheith aige d.¤ a léaghtha without special permission to read it, Ó Héodhusa 135.12 . créad dobh' ádhbhar dhó chum na heasumhlachta what reason he had for revolting, Maguires of F. § 50 .

Folld. by vn. clause: gion gurab diongmála meisi d.¤ tusa do sásadh, BNnÉ 57 § 64 . dotochuil an carnn . . . d.¤ ainm tigearna do gairm de féin, MS. Mat. 542.21 . cuidiucchadh na ccroinicighe d.¤ leabhair Annaladh do scríobhadh, 543.z . bíd [na hingne] . . . d.¤ dhighi d'ól eistib , Maund. 238 . lá cinnte acu d.¤ báis d'imirt ort, SG 338.16 . ní . . . do chruthaghadh d.¤ a rádh go mbiadh . . ., Ó Héodhusa 50.13 . Folld. by clause with finite vb.: docum co ndernadh se fén manuch dhe so that he himself might make him a monk, BCC § 161 . cuirid d.¤ sets about: sul do chuir sé (i.e. Alexander) d.¤ an domuin do ghabail before he set himself to conquer, ZCP ii 16.19 . rogabsat . . . ag cur d.¤ an bhaile do ghabhail, AFM v 1846 .

After nouns and vbs. having the meaning inciting, inducing, compelling: an t-áos ealadhna do bhrosdadh d.¤ a ionnsamhla so do dhéunamh, RC iv 352 . do ghluais sinn d.¤ patrúin do dhéunamh dháoibh induced us to . . ., ib. do gríosadh mise d.¤ na staire seo do scríobhadh, Keat. i 76 . an greasacht thucais ar mo mac d.¤ ann allmuraigh, CF 634 . a gcur d.¤ cora do ghenamh re M. to compel them to make peace with M., O'Gr. Cat. 150.11 . si cogatur accipere evomit .i. da gcoimeignighthear é d.¤ a ghabhala sgeithidh, 23 K 42, 309.10 . appetitus nauseandi .i. saint d.¤ urlaichthe, 19 .

do-eipen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-eipen or dil.ie/17533
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: doǽrbai, doreibi, doroeipe, doreipsead, doreibsit, doepenar, doepethar, doreped, durebead, terpad, teipid, teipide, teipe, doǽrbai

v (* to-ess-ben-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 462 ) Perf. 3 s. doǽrbai, Sg. 60b18 . Mid.Ir. doreibi, Lec. 338b29 . doroeipe, Auraic. 173 (v.l.). 3 pl. doreipsead, 213 . doreibsit, 2530 . Pass. pres. s. doepenar, BB 319b38 ( Auraic. 568 ). doepethar, Corm. Y 674 ; perf. doreped, BB 324a15 , durebead, 317a1 ; terpad, Ériu ii 108 § 22 . Later as simple vb. teipid. IGT Verbs § 68 . Part. teipide. Vn. teipe. See also terbaid.

(a) excises, cuts (out of, off): doǽrbai gl. concidit, Sg. 60b18 . teibid .i. beanait, Lec. Gl. 67 M . roteibed .i. do beanad, 210 . rotheip a méide assa muin, Metr. Dinds. iii 258 . roteiped Eua asa thóeb, MacCarthy iii 48 . go rotebisstur a cenn, RC xiv 452 . gelestar ainm do áth . . . ┐ doepethar gulbain (do-epetar gulba, LB) do cach ferand immid-mbi a bit is taken off each of the properties which it lies between, Corm. Y 674 . an as taiscide don cuicthi . . . doreped sund was curtailed, Laws i 236.z Comm. ropo toil Dé cecham-theirp 'may whatever cuts me off/separates me be God's will' Celtica xxiii 36 . Esp. cuts out, forms, fashions (out of a material, etc.) ri rothepi . . . asin chētadbar admas | talam tromm, SR 29 . rotheipi cech ndúil, 7869 . isin mais chruinn ildealbaig as terpad in domun, Ériu ii 108 (perh. to be referred to terbaid). amal comcumaisctis na gaetha . . . in ceathar duil . . . amal nobetis is in caip cumascda as ar-tebit ar tus as though they (the elements) were in the chaotic mass out of which they were originally formed, TTebe 3081 . taeb-omnai . . . iarsinni teipiter damna na focul eistib , Auraic. 414 = iarsani theibther, Lec. Gl. 216 . lín bérla as rotheip Gaedel Gaedilg out of which G. formed (culled) the Gaelic language, LL 2b20 = asar theib, BB 17a47 . in dā bērla sechtmogat . . . conid estib notebtis, BB 300b35 . rothepestar Foenius F. berla na ṅGoedel as na dib berlaib .lxx., Rawl. 70b15 . na tri sāidh doreipsead na berlu-sa, Auraic. 213 . is and doreibed in Gaedelg, 2482 . i mba fearr do cach berla . . . ised darepedh isinn Goedilc was chosen, 1055 . duepenar deminnsci a ferinnsci nō a baninnsci is made out of, 567 . Cf. bérla teipide, deime teipide s.v. teipide.

(b) loses, forfeits , forgoes: roteipis flaithius ┐ rígi you have lost your chance of, BB 252b38 = rotheipis, Lec. 444b47 . do ríoghraidh Éireann uile . . . a gcreideamh, a gclú 's a gcáil | is dú a dteibeadh nó a dtógbháil their faith and fame . . . must either be forefeited or upheld, Hackett xliii 72 . Cf. also xlii 84 : teibidh céim ón chonair chóir departs a step (.i. gearrann .i. tugann), which seems a loose use of same meaning.

(c) shirks, fails (in) (mod.): an croibhfhionn fhial . . . nár theib gnaoi beo, Ó Bruad. ii 124 . clann Toirrdhealbhaigh nár theib troid, ITS xv 19 . Intrans.: níor theib mise fós . . . a gcath I never yet flinched, Oss. iv 70 .

(d) Hence folld. by AR of pers., teibid orm I fail: go nach teibeadh aon urchar air gan an t-ubhall d'amus, Keat. ii 3300 . rannaigheacht bheag níor theib a gneith air, Gadelica 252 .

escland ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. escland ? or dil.ie/20456
Last Revised: 2013

 

ind dorad C.C. an ghaoi bulga tar an sceith tresan sruth. ottchuala Fer D. easccland a airm sion tresan aphoinn dia ionnsoighid..., ZCP x 296.18 . esclonn .i. uisqe luath eistib , CIH ii 614.18 . A by-form of esgal ? Cf. esglann; inescland CMCS lix 25-26 .

gréch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gréch or dil.ie/26557

 

Forms: sgréch

n ā, f. a scream, an outcry (replaced later by sgréch): a traig cach fer di alailiu is tig lasin greich (screich, LL), IT i 67.8 (v.l.). grech muíce mairbe, IT iii 104 § 201 . grech ind Luchduind hi Temair Lochrae, LU 6927 . ro léicset tri screcha (grécha v.l.) ... eistib , Acall. 7060 . n pl. dob imda grecho gábaidh | ó armmuib in Illdhánaigh, Anecd. i 31 § 49 . grecha gorti, Todd Lect. vi 81.8 . do leigestair tri greucha bodhba as a bhraghaid, ITS v 138.9 .

imḟolang, imḟulang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imḟolang, imḟulang or dil.ie/27544

 

Forms: imfhulaing, imfulaing

n o, m. (perh. orig. o, n. See Críth G. s.v. folog ). vn. of imm-foilngi.

(a) the act of causing, effecting, accomplishing ; cause: imfolang nach gnima `the effecting of any deed,' Ml. 80d2 . dind imfolung, gl. de effectu, Ml. 24c17 . oc immfolung ind óir promthi `making proved gold,' 38d18 . do immofoluṅg déesse duitsiu, Acr. 6c3 ( Thes. ii 3.29 ). ma dogabthar chetamus a fít is imfolang galir són `if a man's allowance be suddenly diminished, that will cause sickness,' Mon. Tall. 152.8 . fodáilter dona tuathaib fri himfhulang n-ícce, PH 6358. tria imfhulang in aicnid spirutalda `per effectum spiritualis potentiae,' 6747 .

Here seems to mean effect: imfolang a chomairle son `the effect of his council,' Ml. 30d22a .

(b) the act of sustaining, supporting ; means of support : fri imfolang ar mbethad `to support our life,' Ml. 20d5 . batir banbrugaid son ┐ batar maithi do imfulung na fían, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 87.12 ). ata lanamuin i tuaith dlegtai a notrus .i. a nimfulung, Ériu xii 10 § 9. d'imfulang a mathar ocus a n-athar, Laws i 138.18 Comm. imfulang na cetmuintire fri re tri mbliadan, 232.22 . (gl. folach cetmuintire, 230.24 ). nocha nindlightuch do ma cunic a imfulung (of receiving a large supply of stock), ii 226.9 Comm. atait secht n-imfuiling, no sechta imfuilingter isin tuaith ┐ is doilig a n-imfulang `seven cases of maintenance,' v 312.6 Comm. bo bis ac imḟulang a cisa do fhlaith no do eclais `a cow which pays (viz., serves as payment of) his rent to the chief,' 260.12 Comm. do gebhdis a sasadh do ghrés gan saothar ndaonna aga niomḟulang, Mart. Don. 102.16 . ic a nertad ┐ ic a n-imfhulang co riachtatar sruth nEordanen, LB 123b39 . go ndarubdatar féithe do chride ... connach fail féith itir ic a immuluṅg, TBC-LL¹ 4387. is e connic ind uli dúl aicside ┐ nemaicside do airitin ┐ do imfulang, Alex. 451. a n-imfhulang ┐ a gcongbāil suass a mbethaidh ┐ a n-edaigib, Fl. Earls 180.18 . go ffuil a uile riachtanuss ┐ imfulang ann badhdēin `all its necessaries and support are supplied by itself,' 182.7 . diarraidh ... choblaigh go n-iomfhulancc lóin ┐ ordanais móir do chor co hErinn, AFM v 1728.x .

Gen. used attributively, enduring, strong: da tharb ... ua chuing adbail imfhulaing , TTebe 212 . co slabradaib ailli ordaib imfulaing eistib , 465 . tre eirr imchail imfhulaing ... chath-sceith, MR 266.9 .

(c) the act of permitting, allowing: is socar duna tuathaib imḟulung na ndaine co cintaibh accu tall isin tuaith `to suffer the people with crimes among them in the territory,' Laws v 30.3 Comm.

(d) the act of carrying, removing: cethrar aca imfhulong `four carrying him,' Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 12 . masa cunntubairteach bāis an t-othair nocha ndleagar a imfhulaing co haithle na naomaighi, O'Curry 305 (< H 3.18, p. 167 ). baegal a imulung ria noemaid manar foccail liaig, O'D. 1666 (< H 5.15, p.24b ).

maidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maidm or dil.ie/31304
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: maidb, madm, maidm, diumaidm, madmaim, madmuim, maidhm, maighm, madhma, madmanda, madhmann

n n, n. and m. With final lenited: n s. maidb, LU 4443. g s. madm, Ml. 84c6 . d s.? dia maidm , 85c6 (where Ped. reads diumaidm, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 574 ). madmaim, TBC-LL¹ 2883. madmuim, Laws v 208.6 Comm. Later decl. varies: maidhm (maighm v.l.) m., g s. n p. madhma, IGT Dec. § 41 ; but n p. madmanda, g p. madhmann, ib. exx. 1145 , 1137 .

vn. of maidid to which it corresponds in use.

(a) breaking (a battle); defeat, rout, flight ,absol. or with RE of victor, FOR of vanquished. m.¤ riam a victory won by him, Ml. 33b11 . iar mai[d]m chatha forru after their defeat, 84c9 . m.¤ ria nOsraigi for hUib Cennselaig, AU 973. tri madhmanna ria Mac C. for Saxanaib, RC xviii 278.33 (Tig.). trí gáire dimbuaid do ḟlaith . . . gāir a muintire iar m.¤ fair, Ériu ix 46.6 . iar madhmaim for a rioghaibh, AFM 856. do ebert madma for hUlltu to tell of the defeat of the U., TBC-I¹ 3618. cath do m.¤ fair re n-a comlin a battle to be gained over him by an equal number, Laws v 450.30 Comm. ro bris m.¤ for Oibh Nell the Uí N. were defeated, CS 218.16 . ro gab m.¤ for Ulto the Ulstermen were routed, LU 1510 ( MU 52.4 ). rachuala C. . . . in cath do m.¤ fo thrí ris atúaid that the battle had broken thrice north of him (i.e. that his troops had been thrice routed), TBC-LL¹ 5969 = an cath do brissiudh, St. For similar use with maidid, see maidid I (a). iar tabairt madma forru inflicting a defeat, PH 6325. go dtug seacht madhmanna orra, Keat. ii 4547. ro rain .vii. madmand ar Gallaib he inflicted seven defeats, Cog. 82.17 . do gabatar na paganaigh m.¤ the pagans were routed, RC xix 276.2 . lucht madma the routed party, Cog. 24.7 . aés an madhma, AFM vi 2132.25 . i mmaidm nó i mmorthechiud in rout and stampede, CRR 38. tanic i mmadmaim ┐ i teiched o ḟeraib hErend, TBC-LL¹ 2883 = a raon madhma, St. gabaid omun mor in sacart co tanic ina máidm amach came rushing out, LB 144b9 . tháinig 'na mhaidhm ratha, Comp. CC 127.22 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). róe (róen) madma `field (path) of rout', precipitate flight: is roí madma nō techid dam remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2311 = is a raon madma, St.; cf. 1959 . robadh meince raon madhma ria n-uathath dibh-sidhe for ilchēdaibh do Ghallaibh often a small number of them put many hundreds . . . to flight, AFM vi 2288.11 . an tan ghabhas an t-arthrach . . . raon madhma . . . ag teitheadh, TSh. 2133. iar sōud hi rraenaib romadmai, Alex. 146 , cf. 131 .—Cf. further: hUa R. do leanmuin clainni M. . . . ┐ m.¤ caeraidheachta do buain eistib , AU iii 22.15 (lit. defeat of cattle-spoil, i.e. they were defeated and their cattle taken from them). go ttucc maidhm imirged orra da ngoirthi an gealmaidhm, go rucc creacha ┐ édala uatha `a migratory overthrow' (?), AFM iv 752.7 .

In concrete sense of routed party: luid Macc cecht i ndegaid in madma, BDD 157. leantar in m.¤ ┐ dichenntar móran dibh, Lism. L. 3253. AFM i 26.4 . Of cattle: iar m.¤ dib after they have broken loose (oppd. to: fo fedmuim), Laws v 488.36 Comm.

(b) breaking, bursting, giving way (in physical sense): m.¤ a sceith for a duirnd, Laws v 310.4 . fri m.¤ n-airm, TBC-I¹ 557. cnó-maidm nut-cracking , TBC-LL¹ 4583 , cf. 1366 . ní thernó . . . gan m.¤ leisi nó láirge nó lurgan, Comp. CC 105.20 . m.¤ cridi heartbreak , LL 169a57 . intan blaidfait na craind ic m.¤ , 188c56 . leth ind ugha sin iarna madhmaim, Ériu ii 120 § 58. maidhm talmhan an earthquake , Keat. iii 2399. Fig.: 'ar m.¤ sida etorra breach of peace, CCath. 3289. maidhm síodha eittir Midheachaib ┐ Breifnechaibh, AFM iv 1054.3 . In concrete sense, a fracture, fissure: in m.¤ talman bis aice ina faiche `chasm', Laws iii 254.19 . i mmadmandaib a sliabh clefts , CCath. 864.

(c) a breaking forth, bursting out, eruption: dia m.¤ , gl. irruptione [fulgorum], Ml. 85c6 . ón bhroinigh thruim measa ag maidhm 'fruits break forth from the heavy jutting bough', Giolla Brighde 70 § 22​ . balga a faighnibh meala ag maidhm 'drops bursting forth from their cells of honey', Giolla Brighde 70 § 24 . ceithre loch-mhadhmanna lake-eruptions, Keat. i p. 176 . maidhm rabharta spring-tide , PBocht 26 § 33. atá ag maidhm tré [sic leg.] Mac D. tuile éigse M. is pouring forth a flood of learning, Content. x 23. Of a loud noise, clap, crack: m.¤ toraind, FB 53. drés-m.¤ mor . . . ┐ fogar ingnáth, LB 234b39 . ní cumaing nach ben a feghad cen maidhm a delma eisti (sine crepitu ventris), Fél. 206.42 , cf. Todd Nenn. 202.1 .

For: m.¤ inna boraime ┐ m.¤ na ggiallne Laghen, AU 720 , read naidm(m).

sreb, srib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sreb, srib or dil.ie/38760

 

Forms: sreabh, sriobh, sribh, sreabha, srib, sreb, shreibh, sreabha, sríubh, sriubh

n ā, f. [and u, m.? Orig. gender and inflexion doubtful] sreabh, IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . In bardic verse also sriobh. sribh m., g s. sreabha, IGT Decl. § 71 . Note also d s srib, LL 297b49 ( SG 366.3 ). a s. sreb, MU² 473 (see notes). ? g s. go Cill Fhinnshreibh , L. Cl. A. B. 127.15 . g pl. na sreabha , CF Eg. 14 . n s. sríubh, IGT Decl. ex. 1031 v.l. sriubh, Ó Bruad. ii 136.1 .

(a) stream, river : sribh lūath nō trēn, Corm. Y 786 . ri [cria]thras usce . . . | iar srebaib, SR 43 . is leo gach sreab thana thiar, BB 8b20 . no maidhís secht srebae trīana corr . . . muilenn . . . for cech sreibh dībh, MacCongl. 124.36 - 7 . fodord Féne ra fúaim sreb, LL 298a33 ( SG 366.28 ). co srothaib ┐ srebaib, Laws i 26.27 Comm . for srebhaibh ┐ for minsrothaibh, CCath. 2384 . sreabh fhúar ga hibhe dho b[h]osaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 48 . ar ibh do shreabhaibh learga L., TD 29.32 . sreabh fiar, 10.33 . sribh tre tholchaibh . . . | na orthain (horthuin, v.l.) d'fhir fhíabhrasa, IGT Decl. ex. 1023 . gotha an mhinshreabha, Aithd. D. 76.16 . ar sriobh, IGT Decl. ex. 1549 . ro meabaidh a sreph glan-fhúar, Misc. Hag. Hib. 106 § 19 . ní ibhedh acht fuair-srebha, AFM v 1750.6 . gussin sreibh sruthglain, MR 104.9 .

(b) Of specific streams: ó chaoilshriobh Chaisil, TD 17.35 . sreabh Feirsde, L. Cl. A. B. 89.60 . go sreibh Lóime, 127.14 . sreabh ghormmhall na gealMhainge, IGT Decl. ex. 1218 . Of the Jordan (metaph.): dírigh sinn go sreibh do bhaisde, Dán Dé x 21 . sreab Īsu is Eōin | a huisce co tī tarum-sa, ACL iii 235.1 .

(c) Extended meanings: sreb gl. fistula, BCr. 39c5 . Of the sea: dorúacht . . . co sreib sáil, SR 5475 . a fhir im-théit sále s.¤ , MU² 473 (see note). sreabh chalaidh ní thiomchuil tú, L. Cl. A. B. 240.96 . Of milk in the cow's teat: masa sreb ro milledh an[n] isin tsine, Laws iii 366.5 Comm . cóil sreibe hi folldeirb, Triads 75 v.l. = srithide, text, with gloss: an sreab bainne dá chrú. Of blood: robatar a shreba fola assa innaib, LL 283b46 . combatar a sreba fola eistib , YBL 131b42 . sreaba cro, CCath. 6132 . sreabh chiuin don fhuil-se an ochta, DDána 40.9 . Of tears: sreabh re labhra léghthórach | do fher th'abhra úrchráobhach, IGT Decl. ex. 1302 . Of fire: srib tine gl. srabtine, O'Dav. 1491 (etymol. gloss). Cf. srebh .i. lasair, O'Curry 1470 ( H 3.18, 652 ). o sreibh teinedh bhreine, ITS xxix 136.28 . ? Of wine at a feast: sreb na suan ag reic roghan, Irish Texts ii 66 § 25 . sreab dar gar a fer faire | is fled nar an gan ibe | duais . . . | fat' ól sreibe fuair file, § 26 . ? Of ink: 's a sreabha na sínéireacht `with their rivers of signatures', Ó Bruad. iii 16.7 . Of hair: a chúl na sreabh, Dánta Gr. 11.18 . Of birds: ri dorigni sreba sluag | dona hénaib formed the birds into flights (?), SR 305 . a clann d'fheartaibh óghMhuire | thall 'n-a n-ealtain éinshreibhe `are pouring into heaven, a close-gathered flock', Aithd. D. 60.46 . In phrase tar (in) sreib chatha in contexts ref. to rout, flight, etc.: doradad ár for clannaibh Ēimir uile ┐ rosráined tar sreib chatha budhess `sie wurden über das Gewässer der Schlacht geworfen', ZCP xiii 196.10 . do srainetar uili . . . tar an sreib catha íatt, Celt. Rev. iii 308.10 . rosrainid Fir Bolg dar in s.¤ catha, Ériu viii 38.4 . Of knowledge, learning: tobar lomnán d'fhírshreibh eóil, TD 25.28 . fírshreabh d'fhoilgheas ealadhan `a pure stream of recondite poetry', 32.2 . Of persons: sreba sencha, SR 987 . sreba siabra, 8305 . sriobh nach dtragh re gal greine (a chieftain), ZCP ii 354.30 . ? a srib indaimthe an Airdríg, IGT Verbs ex. 599 . sreabh tobair na trócoire (of Christ), PBocht 15.13 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤drem: s. i rechtaibh ruadmuc, BB 388a7 = serb-dremm, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.10 . ¤gním: dafuc sáile dar srib-gním (seirbgnim, v.l.) `streaming currents', Metr. Dinds. iii 190.2 . ¤long: on Commar s. segda, glossed: gus a soighit loinges srubfada, Leb. Gab.(i) 128.13 . ¤shíd: a charrag na gcuan sreibhshídh of peaceful streams, DDána 68.36 . ¤thonn: a chenn hic srebthuind na fairrge (of a horse), RC xxxvi 263 § 23 .

(b) With adjj. ¤derg: dona srábaib srebdergaib, SR 6780 . ¤dían: Eass . . . sreb-dian . . . Ruaidh, MR 104.14 . ¤gel: ar in Sinainn srib-gil `white-flowing', Metr. Dinds. iii 294.46 . ¤glan: bunad Sinna srib-glaine, Metr. Dinds. iii 292.6 . ¤glas: for ur Samhaoire sriobhglaisi, AFM vi 2026.1 . ¤grinn: rodlín snim sribgrinn, SR 6479 . ¤lúath: sribluath, O'Curry 106 ( H 3.18, 70 ) (cf. Corm. Y 786 ). searbh-shrotha sriobh-luatha, TSh. 6628 . ¤mall: tar an moir sribmall, IGT Verbs ex. 232 . ¤oll: on ccosarnaigh sreabuill `from the great streaming slaughter', Leb. Gab.(i) 110.11 . ¤rúad: tar sál sreabhruadh, SGS iv 140 § 15 . ¤úaine: dar na srothaib srib-úaine, Metr. Dinds. iii 294.28 .

sutrall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sutrall or dil.ie/39350

 

n ā, f. light, lamp, torch, candle : lochet .i. is saignen no is s.¤ [no] is sét solusta, Fél.² xxxi Jan. 26 . loichet .i. cainnell no s.¤ no lasair, O'Dav. 1170 . sudrall .i. lochrann no solas, O'Cl. sutroll .i. solus, O'Curry 1486 ( H 3.18, 663a ) = Lec. Gl. 114 . ro in[sh]órchaigset a chúicc mér in mag n-uile amal bitis chóic shutralla, Trip.² 1448 , `luminaria', Lat. Lives 17 , `lampades', 53 . ara mbethe ico n-airi co llocharnnaib ┐ sutrullaib in n-aidchi co bráth that they should be watched over with torches and lamps (of relics), Trip.² 2828 . forsin chaindelbrau . . . | forsṁbitis secht sutralla, SR 4344 . cuich . . . | intu nobruindis bannae | nosuildis na sutralla cups . . . into which flowed the drops from the candles, 4348 . s.¤ soillsi īar sin | ūass scriptūir glain gil, Ériu i 39 § 8 . adnad soillsi a sutarlaibh, ZCP v 25 § 7 (= Éigse vi 122 § 7 ). ro hadaintea ann fiche ar chét sútrall n-óir do fhursannad na scor golden lamps, Alex. 702 (= s.¤, BB 494b33 ). fo chosmailius chonnli nó (sic leg.) sutraille, 813 (= sutrailli, BB 497b42 ). viii sutralla glonide for lasad innte (of a church) `glass lamps', ZCP xvii 231.18 . vii mbenda . . . for a mbidis secht sutralla soillsi solusglana, BB 242a44 (sudrall .i. lóchrann, marg. inf.). dream aile . . . re fursunnud na sudrull solusta co slabradaib . . . imfulaing eistib , TTebe 464 . gillae do aes timthirechta Ruadain . . . ┐ suttrall for lasadh lais, BNnÉ 323 § 34 . suttrall adhbhal mhór `torch', AFM v 1554.5 . go sudrallaibh solustaibh do chéir `flambeaux', vi 2296.14 .

Of persons: sūdroll art soillsidhi (of Christ), ZCP viii 205.9 . a sudrall tren toguide (to Mary), Ériu i 122.22 . a shútrall adanta o thenid na peccad (the soul to the body), PH 8249 . S.¤ Muighe (of Flann, abbot of Lann Léire), AFM ii 604.2 .

tóbae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tóbae or dil.ie/41046

 

Forms: tobe, tóbe

n io, n. vn. of do-fuiben. act of cutting, cutting down, removing: tóbe vitiorum assa anmin, Wb. 2c7 . iarna tóbu, 5b41 . in fid do thóbu, 42 . ni a tobae namma fil and dogní da salm de, Ml. 26c2 . nírbu mou leu bríg a tobai indate bitis cranna doiscairi do fubaitis, 92d6 . is in tobu gl. in praecisione, 37d8 . tobe gl. exterminatio, ZCP vii 487 § 19 . tre th.¤ `by concision ,' Sg. 119b2 . tóbe gl. elesionem, 214b3 . teilm ... .i. tobae iall, Corm. Y 1215 . toba damna .i. iarsinni teipiter damna na focul eistib , Auraic. 414 . toba ndamna, 419 .