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3 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 acht or dil.ie/202
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: eacht, echd

n stipulation, condition (specialisation of 1 acht? Cf. also 6 acht). Frequ. in phrase atá a.¤ (le) as a gloss on 1 a.: ata a.¤ and gurab gan dena neich is urrcuillte isin riaghail so Patraicc glossing a.¤ is gin coll cana Patraic do berar, Laws iii 388.4 Comm. a.¤ nad sui for culud . . . .i. achtaigim no ta a.¤ lium ann co na himpatur hí for culud . . ., 78.8 Comm. a.¤ arcuirethar anadh for athgabáil .i. ata a.¤ lium ann chena go . . .. O'Dav. 132 . ata a.¤ leam and cheana ┐ is ed robo em airechtain la sen, Auraic. 505, 2973 . as é a.¤ ar a b-fuilit siat d'á tabairt dóib this is the condition on which they are to surrender it to them, Hy Maine 160.y . ar an a.¤-sa ón uairsi amach / bead gan chéile gan chumthach, KMMisc. 244.17 . do fhaomhus a taphairt dó ar a.¤ fana fagháil slan . . . arís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 717 . le comhall . . . bhar ndísle le a achta feasta `for your fidelity to his injunctions'. Maguires of F. 64 . a.¤ na suadh dá leantar leis `if he would but keep the law of seers', Ó Bruad. ii 238.4 . Later also spelled eacht, echd: eacht 'a term or condition, an act or deed', P. O'C. gur chuir fuireann leo go hÉirinn...ar eacht go mbeidís... umhal dó, Keat. ii 1139, ii 5010 . tug E. ar na heachtaibh sin triúr ban dóibh 'upon those conditions', Keat. ii 1791 . ar gceangal ar na heachtaibh sin dóibh, Keat. iii 5024 . do cheannaidh [Críost] sin[n]...ar an echd ┐ ar an cconndar do thug- air Dia, Luc. Fid. 232.16 . gur chuir comhairle S. d'eacht ┐ d'forcongra ar an Iustís...an Rúta do thabhairt..., AFM v 1818 x . do bhí dh'eacht ar ó nE...deaghmholta cháigh do cheannuch, TD 31.12, cf. 9.17 . gach lánamhain díobh do roicheadh i n-eachtaibh ┐ i gconnarthaibh a chéile 'into treaty and contract', Keat. ii 3846 . do-rinne mé eacht rem ṡúilibh 'covenant', Job xxxi 1 . Cf. IGT Decl. § 95. ex. 1703 .

ainim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainim or dil.ie/1400

Forms: hainme, anim, anmi, ainmi, ainmib, ainem, aineamh, ainimh, ainmhi, aineamh, ainimh, ainmhe

n [ā,] f. a s. anim, TBFr. 221 . g s. na hainme , Laws iii 346.21 Comm. d s. anim, LU 6099 ( TBC-I¹ 1620 ). n p. anmi, LU 3256 . a p. ainmi, Laws ii 150.6 . d p. ainmib, Trip.² 1525 . Also ainem. aineamh f. ( d s. ainimh. g s. and n p. ainmhi), IGT Decl. § 54 (a s. aineamh in exx. 1379, 1382, 1388 is marked lochdach). ainimh f. ( d s. id. g s. and n p. ainmhe), § 150 . See Ériu xix 117 .

Blemish, defect: ail ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 . ár níbá hada rí co n-anim hi Temraig, LU 4056 . uair dígebthair thall a lochta ┐ a n-anmi ara corpaib, 2622 . coínsit [dá baccach] a ndíorpus ar a n-ainmib their disinheriting because of their defects, Trip.² 1525 . ité téora anmi fil for mnaib U. .i. cluíne ┐ minde ┐ guille, LU 3257 ( SCC 5 ). bean fora fuirmither ainim coisc punitive blemish(?), Laws v 292.21 . indscuchad ainme na ro ictar a reir breitheaman no leaga departure owing to a blemish which cannot be healed (valid reason for divorce), 296.17 . do galaraib bunaidh, no d'ainmib incleithi, ii 362.11 Comm. altrum cen ainmi, 150.6 . sóera ainme / essóera ícce (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.29 . ferr bās bithainim, Anecd. iii 19.18 . saoth liom gan t'aineamh orainn (addressed to a blind man), Dánta Gr. 28.1 . O'C. do bhathadh . . . ┐ bá d'ainimh a dhaithe roimtigh because of his clumsiness, AFM v 1706.8 . tuba ainme reproaching a person for a physical defect: isin tuba nainme do rigned re Fergus, Laws i 68.16 . no cipedh cinel aire .i. in glaim dicenn .i. in tuba nainme, no in lesanmad, 240.21 Comm. tuba na hainme, iii 346.21 Comm. nóad ainme making known a blemish (a species of lampoon): noad ainme, Laws v 228.28 .i. urdarcugadh na hainme, 232.10 Comm. Cf. noudh ainmhe .i. leasainm, O'Dav. 1287 . Of a moral defect: fer cin ainim .i. cin ēd, cin omun, cin neoid, ZCP i 104.6 . an triath go n-ainimh (of Lucifer), DDána 35.7 . a ngabāil tar a n-ainme (of women), ZCP viii 113.10 . ní léir d'aon a ainimh féin, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 1 .

Extended uses: ní thuig sé ainimh nó urchóid an éaga calamity(?), TSh. 747 . is anim dún nad-fil is 'taig it is the worse for us, Sc.M² 16 . Cf. lór d'ainimh alas, DDána 29.11 . In follg. rather scandal, reproach: bid a.¤ ón ém do ṡochaidi (i.e. the making a bishop of Dubthach), Trip.² 2228 . ní ha.¤ rí óc eslobar, BDD² 162 . anim do neach bith cen tech, Mór M. 266.14 . In concrete sense defective article: ni renar nach a.¤ do-lece domaine i trebad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 24 § 6 . Of persons: ar ro batar tri ainmi la Ulto .i. Conall Cloen ┐ Cuchulainn Goll ┐ Cuscraid Mend, RC viii 60.13 .

airlúad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlúad or dil.ie/2229

n (lúad) act of setting in motion, preparing: munab cumachtach sibh ar erluadh no ar urfoichill catha do cor co crib, Leb. Gab.(i) 254 n.4 . tria erluadh catha, n.5 . em-arluad (gloss on imlúad), Laws v 258.27 Comm.

2 aithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithne or dil.ie/2754
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aithgne, aichinte, aithennta

O. Ir. aithgne. io, n. Later f., and g s. also aichinte, PH 2910 . aithennta, ZCP vi 276.32 (infl. by 3 aithnid). Vn. of ad-gnin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 . IGT Verbs § 54 .

(a) act of knowing, recognising, perceiving; knowledge, recognition, perception: do aithgniu ┐ etarcnu dǽ treu, Ml. 42b13 . ar is hé as eola fri aidgne ind athar (gl. missit Deus Spiritum Filii sui in corda uestra), Wb. 19d9 . do thudidin do menman do aidgniu gl. quoniam benignitas Dei ad penitentiam te adducit, 1c15 . aithgne et adrad, 1b13 . cin sula, di aithniu no foircsiu (leg. -in?) mignima, Laws i 238.14 . as ionad anma d'a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . ┐ iat ic aichne a n-inaid catha do congbail for they knew that their place of battle was being kept, CCath. 6143 . cen aithgne a litri có sin without knowing his letters, Trip.² 97 . a.¤ reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. 2.19 . robo dibreite aichne . . . in Baibiloin da togail it was inconceivable that B. should be destroyed, BB 6b53 . lucht aichinte Isu those who knew Jesus, PH 2910 . gin gur ghabhuis a.¤ uaim-si as reil dait though you weren't told by me, RC xliii 42 § 39 . do thaobh eólais is aithni, O'R. Poems 1202 . triur as lia iul is a.¤ (of the Trinity). DDána 25.6 . a.¤ thoile Dé, Parrth. Anma 3306 . aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ni, Content. xxii 17 note . dom a.¤ to my knowledge, Aithd. D. 16.38 . Content. xviii 67 .

Less commonly with follg. AR: beas is mísí is olc aichní ar Isac perhaps it is I who do not know I. properly, BB 236b21 , do reir ar n-aithni-ne ar Conn as far as we know C., ML² 1426 . Cf. a.¤ ar chur ┐ ar chosg réime knowing about, IGT Introd. 2.6 . dlighidh a.¤ iomurbhádha . . . ┐ ar bhráithribh . . . dísbeaguidh, 2.30 .

Used like 3 aithnid: nī ha.¤ dhamh dhīobh díogha I know no refuse among them, O'R. Poems 3161 . a.¤ dhamh go bhfaghair . . . I know that you find . . ., Luc. Fid. 301.7 .

Transfd. of persons: an tú m'a.¤ `are you my acquaintance?' Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 1 . ní mé bhur n-a.¤ `he whom you know', Studies 1922, 245 § 1 = Dánta Gr. 47.1 . bhur na.¤ ┐ bhur neamha.¤ those of you who are known etc., CRR² 13 . cabair . . . a carat na a lan-a.¤ , `intimate acquaintances', MR 238.16 . Cf. mo dhaoine aitheanta acquaintances , TSh. 4252 (3 aithnid?).

Transfd. meaning that by which something may be recognized; characteristic: caide ém aichne rinnairde? Fél. 4.26 . is si a.¤ na tunataide, Laws iii 98.2 Comm. cair caide airceand? .i. comaircim caiti a.¤ na aircinde itir, iv 138.y Comm.

(b) In more active sense of coming to recognise or getting to know: cloc focain cethra .i. . . . fo braigit dia n-a.¤ , Laws i 142.15 Comm. secht ndoirsi fora thichthe / ind laich nar hannsa d'aichne, Rawl. 87a11 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . ní ermadair . . . aichne adnacail a maicc she was unable to recognise, Trip.² 1441 . báttar iaramh ag a.¤ ┐ ag adhnacal a ccaomh ┐ a ccarat, AFM v 1646.27 . doním tar muir d'a.¤ uaim / a ghruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.23 . ar eagla h'aithennta for fear of being recognized, ZCP vi 276.32 . ar n-a.¤ Donnchaidh dhóibh, IGT Decl. ex. 670 . With vb. and AR, FOR: saig aithgne forru try to recognise them, IT i 144.24 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair conar bé Ailill the girl recognized that he was not A., IT i 126.9 ( TE § 12 Eg.). sáilim a.¤ ar an guth nglan / gan cruth a aighte d'ḟégadh I think I recognize (him) by his clear voice, Prolegomena 44 § 16 . míorbhuile máthar Íosa / iomdha fear fhuair a n-a.¤ got to know them, DDána 10.39 .

In phr. beirid (somet. do-beir) aithniu (d s.) with follg. accus. or clause recognizes, realizes, gets to know: ni beram achni (= achniu) aní sin we know nothing of that, LU 10100 ( Imr. Brain 64 ). aralégda (leg. araléga edd.) inda libra ar a mbelaib combo moude ronduca athgnu `let him read the books before them, so that he may gain the more knowledge of them(?)', Mon. Tall. 160.z (§ 79) . tresaní nad rucis aithgnu since thou didst not recognize him, Ériu ii 222.15 . na ber aichne, ar bid fír recognize it, for it will be true, Alex. 835 (with inf. pron. 3 s. n., no bera, v.l.). tuc an ingin a.¤ gurbh'e righ Erenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . tucsad Gaill aichne cur' fír sin `perceived', RC xviii 299.4 (Tig.) du-s-rad a.¤ gur `he knew that', Fl. Earls 52.18 . Note also: aenoclach . . . m'a.¤ doberudh go becht, Prolegomena 44 § 15 .

Do-beir a.¤ for recognizes (of persons and things only): dobéra imorro cach duine thall aich[ne] for araile iar n-esergi, LU 2661 . sí sin aichni do-biur-sa forru that is what I recognize them for, TBC-LL¹ 1247 . as é sin do ber a.¤ ar galar in duine, 5508 . ní tucsatt . . . na manaig aichne for Colmán, BColm. 80.25 . ní thuc . . . a ech a.¤ ar a hechlais, IGT Decl. ex. 555 . léicid aithne co reveals one's identity to: ro léacceas m'aithne chuicce, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 71.17. do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat).

(c) recognition (in sense of recognition of a poet by his patron), generosity: an dáonnacht 's an deagha.¤ , O'R. Poems 71 . fear a.¤ na healadhna / urradh is fhearr le a cheathra, 1075 . nár dhamh . . . / gan mh'a.¤ dod ghruaidh ghairthe (of a poet), Aithd. D. 46.1 . benacht chugaibh . . . ar son na ha.¤ do-rin[n] sibh ar an dan so, Mackinnon Cat. 117.14 . tug séala athanta ar shleachtaibh . . . `recognition's seal', Ó Bruad. i 204 xvii .

(d) With subj. gen.: ba maith . . . enech ┐ aichne na mná generosity(?), LB 129a29 . Cf. as é . . . bud ferr i[n] aichni 'na einech (.i. bud fer ri aichni .i. ingne inntlechta) `whose wit was clearest in his countenance', RC xxiv 46 § 3 . fear h' a.¤ si a man with your knowledge, Oss. v 26.7 .

áit(t)em

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áit(t)em or dil.ie/2830

x see áittiugad.

1 ansae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ansae or dil.ie/3771
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ins(a)e, ins(a)e

(ass(a)e). Also ins(a)e, see GOI 544 . Always ins(a)e in Wb. in positive copula sentences, Thurn. ZCP i 5 .

I Adj. io, iā. Not used attrib. in O. Ir. Glosses.

(a) hard, difficult (to do): is insæ in ball do thinchosc neich asberad cenn, Wb. 13a19 . Frequ. in phr. is a.¤ do: nipa anse dúib mo intsamil, Wb. 19d18 . niba anse duit, 29d21 . amal nách nannse ṅdúib, 6d9 . is inse a ndímiccem, 4c2 . is inse ṅduit, 5b28 . ba inse dún epert gue, 14c29 . ni anse són, Ml. 45d20 . ba ansa dóib immthecht i tír, Trip.² 1525 . cid ansa don curp `if it is hard for the body', Mon. Tall. 149.22 (§ 60) . bá ansa damsa óenadaig / la demon co n-ír, LU 9441 . is andso (.i. is dolig) dam-sa ém a brethugud, 8777 . atá nech risnid andsa (.i. risnad dolig), 4004 ( SCC 45 ). is indsa don memor cachtad in cind, Laws iv 54.22 Comm. mo thaeb dess is mo tháeb clé / andsa mess for cechtar de, LL 9463 . dambad fherddi in cóiced a bith ace ra blíadain ni hindsa a bith ace it is not impracticable for him to have it, MU² 84 . Adv. ní géis co ansa do not make a difficult request, LU 3487 ( SCC 26 ). Of persons hard (to cope with), troublesome: dindí as na.¤ . . . á cenél sin `for that that nation is troublesome', Ml. 104a6 .

The phrase ní ha.¤ is commonly used to introduce an answer to a question in meaning well, as a matter of fact: cannas ro hainmniged? nī hannsa. Léna mac R. . . ., Sc.M² 23 . cid ara n-eperr Críth Gablach ? ní anse: arindí crenas . . ., Críth G. 1 . ced ón, cía sút ? ní hannsa . . . Conchobar . . ., MU² 550 . cindus nodngebtar ? . . . ninsa, Mon. Tall. 140.27 (§ 33) . cait a mbi si . . . ninsa .i. ni handsa, Laws v 2.7 Comm.

(b) hard in sense of unpleasant, unfortunate, sad: an cádhus do chleacht idir / ionnsa a dhul a ndímhigin (of poetry), Studies 1923, 421 § 3 . ionnsa don truaill-se atá umainn / an lá fhuair-se urraim uain `bad for this body of mine the day I spared it', Dán Dé xix 3 . ionnsa saor-shlat gan a síol / sníomh liom-sa th'Aonmhac, a ógh `sad that branch robbed of its seed', xxvi 37 . mar tám is ionnsa lem aithghin `my state is hard for one like me', Studies 1919, 74 § 13 . innsa re n-áes cumtha cóir / . . . / a dal ar lúi mara móir, BNnÉ 97 § 3 . cid innsa oc Mongḟind though it be unpleasant for M., Ériu iv 96 § 20 .

(c) In attrib. use: in leó húathmar a.¤ formidable , BDD² 515 . laech ansa do dingbail a gasciud fon samail, LU 6205 (TBC). tír ṅdúaig . . . co n-ócaib ansib, TBFr. 386 . ruc mac n-annsa die muintir troublesome(?), Corm. Y 878 . dús in [n]dernsaid nach gním n-insa `evil deed', Celtica iv 20.240 . a Comgaill cáid annsa 'o dear holy Comgall' Éigse xiv 20 § 7 .

Compar. ansu, Ml. 85c14 ; 95d13 ; 131b4 (see Suppl.) gl. gravius, cf. 133a4 . ánsu de (andsati v.l.), Trip.² 2593 . iss andsu dúib ind naithir fail ocon dún, TBFr. 414 . ba handsu dó meic Nectain / do chur assa prímlepthaib, TBC-LL¹ 1479 . imraidset . . . nípád ansu C. acht tuctha a cletíne airi, LU 5802 (TBC). andso dóib ma tát i péin / cen adrad Ríg roithes gréin things will be more difficult for them if they fail to . . ., LL 4167 . comtis annso a phiana oldas mar ata, Ériu ii 142 § 152 . gnim rob indsa dún, LB 116b46 .

Superl.: a n-as ansam diib (of difficulties), Wb. 10b1 . cid as andsam (.i. dolgi) lib ropridchastar in clerech, LU 9746 . inn é sin as andsam fil la Ultu hardest to deal with, 4837 . tene bas andsom lat dod loscud `the fire thou most dreadest to burn thee', Mon. Tall. 136.16 (§ 24) . andsum dire treibdire most difficult to assess or give a ruling on, Laws iii 458.12 . secht frithberta . . . ada andsum do ursciathu[d], v 290.17 . annsom i notrus . . . biatad ┐ tarrsunn `most difficult in nursing', BCrólige 24 . it e . . . ata andsam . . . oc sáigded, Alex. 504 . cid as andsom leat tucais? `what was hardest for thee to bring?', ZCP i 459.10 . ? Attrib. fer croda annsam chain . . ., TBC-I¹ 3169 . mac dorighne écht n-annsom, Cóir Anm.² ii 46 § 162 .

II As subst. difficulty, trouble: nacham tair olc na hindsa, LB 106b48 . luach é gan ionnsa, BNnÉ 204 § 49 . da indsa dec in domain abuses, Flower Cat. 489.3 . ní eadar gá ionnsa as mhó what greater difficulty(?), Dán Dé xxvi 28 . is cead liomsa a Dhé mo dhul / beag n-ionnsa é do eadar I know it is not difficult to say, xxv 17 . uch cid ro batar dam-sa / na ro ḟegsat ardinsa `great vexations', TFerbe 479 . Superl. used as subst.: dethfir itir in andsum ┐ in ecmacht: in t-annsum .i. is doiligh do neoch an fadbail, Laws v 222.7 Comm.

ar-eim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-eim or dil.ie/4095
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: airitiu, -airim, arfemasiu, -airema, aurisfemmar, ar femat, arfemthar, ciarfemtha, arfemad, ar-fema, aridfeimfed, co roet, airimid

v See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 512 , GOI 512 , 529 , and ar-foím. Ped. includes forms of both verbs under *ar-fo-em-, while Thurn. distinguishes two compds. ar-eim (vn. airitiu) and ar-foím, for which latter no separate vn. appears to occur. There is no apparent distinction of meaning between the two verbs. Cf. also fo-eim, airitnigid. Indic. pres. 3 s. -airim, Mon. Tall. 150.12 . Subj. pres. 2 s. arfemasiu gl. accipito, Études Celt. xl 71 ( Ml. 68d13 ). -airema, Thes. ii 244.28 (Cambr.). 1 pl. aurisfemmar, LL 13935 . 3 pl. ar femat gl. ut . . . excipiant, Ml. 15d4 . Pass. sg. arfemthar gl. percipitur, Wb. 28c19 . Subj. impf. 2 s. ciarfemtha gl. quasi non acceperis, Wb. 8d28 . 3 s. arfemad, Mon. Tall. 146.26 . Fut. 3 s. ar-fema gl. excipiat, Ml. 105a 8 . Condit. 3 s. aridfeimfed, Trip.² 332 . ? Perf. 3 s. co roet, Lism. L. 230 (cf. ad-cota).

Later also as simple vb. airimid.

Accepts, receives (in Wb. and Ml. gl. ac-, ex- and percipio, see above): mad co foirbthetu hirisse arfemthar, Wb. 28c19 . combed de laim anmcharat arfemad sacrafaic, Mon. Tall. 146.26 (§ 51) . ro frithbruith F. coro airaimed orba [a] athar F. refused to accept his father's land, Trip.² 725 . nochon airimfe mo bendachtain-si maní airime abdaine mo ecailsi, 726 . sochaidi aridfeimfed, 332 . inti arfemath flaith Temrach, Ériu vi 134.26 . conid uaidib arfemat anmanna, ZCP xii 245.2 . fer no-s-airimend co dana (of the Sacrament), PH 5326 . rohairimed co honorach o Hetball he was received honourably by H., Anecd. iii 75.25 . nach aremtha he fein mar athrig, Ann. Conn. 1315.9 . arfeimtha (arfeimthea, arfemhthi v.l.) imme burach mbaig (rhet.), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 57.4 .

ar-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-icc or dil.ie/4161

Forms: ar-icc, -airicc, -airic, -airicc, arrecat, -arget, arecar, -airecar, aranecatar, arrecaiter, -ierichter, -arí, -airi, -airsead, arisar, aranísar, arahīssed, -airsitis, arista, aristae, -airesta, arricfam, ar(r)icfe, arricfa, araanic, -airnicc, -fairnic, -farnaic, -airnettar, -airnechtatar, -fairnechtar, arícht, -airecht, airicta, arriachta, airged, arath, -airg[f]e, fuircéba, furcéba, -fargebasu, -arnecair, arriacht, ariacht, arerāncatar, -airnecht, arrancas, airnechta, air(i)cid, aircestar, airic, ḟairig, airich, hairced, hairged, airec, airechtain

v (* air-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 ). Sometimes with initial f in prot. forms. Indic. pres. 3 s. ar-icc, BDD² 1306 . -airicc, Wb. 9b24 . -airic, 19b2 . -airicc, Sg. 137b4 . 3 pl. arrecat, LU 1746 . -arget, LL 344d47 . Pass. sg. arecar, Sg. 59a7 . 66b16 . 137b2 . 145b3 . -airecar, 20a9 , 145b3 , 162a1 , 173b6 . Pl. aranecatar, Sg. 8a5 , 65a11 . Ml. 19d21 . arrecaiter, Hib. Min. 2.30 . ? -ierichter, IT iii 24.23 . Subj. pres. 3 s. -arí, -airi, Ml. 30d24 . ? 3 pl. -airsead (= airset), Laws iv 130.13 Comm. Pass. sg. arisar, Ml. 30d23 . aranísar, Sg. 209b13 . Subj. impf. 3 s. arahīssed, Corm. Y 825 . 3 pl. -airsitis, Vita Br. 1 . Pass. sg. arista, Sg. 184b3 . aristae, Ml. 110d6 . -airesta, Ériu ii 98 § 1 . Fut. 1 s. arricfam (aricfam, ar(r)icfe v.ll.), Fél. Dec. 30 . 3 s. arricfa, LU 7343 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. araanic, Sg. 217a4 . -airnicc, Trip.² 1257 . -fairnic, Anecd. iii 57.27 . -farnaic, SR 3736 . 3 pl. -airnettar (read -airnectar, Sarauw, Irske Studier 139 ), Ml. 108c8 . -airnechtatar (airnecht— v.l.), Trip.² 1110 . -fairnechtar, LL 276b3 . Pass. sg. arícht, Sg. 197a11 . -airecht, 198b3 . Pl. airicta, Hib. Min. 8.265 . arriachta, Auraic. 1110 .

Later forms. ? Ipv. 2 s. air .i. éirigh, O'Cl. ? 3 s. airged (= eirged, text), RC xxi 380.14 v.l. ? Subj. 3 s. arath, LL 394.56 . Fut. 2 s. (forms with -éb- are due to infl. of fut. of gaibid): -airg[f]e, TBC-LL¹ 854 ( -fuaircifesa, TBC-I¹ 354 = fuircéba, LU 4843 = furcéba, ZCP ix 129.36 , included under fo-ricc). 1 pl. -airg[f]em , TBC-LL¹ 849 (cf. -fairgēbasu, TBC-I¹ 349 . LU 4838 . -fargebasu, ZCP ix 129.30 ). Pret. and perf. 3 s. -arnecair, TBC-LL¹ 2983 . ? arriacht, RC xii 80 § 74 . ariacht, xxiv 178.7 (infl. of ar-saig?). 3 pl. arerāncatar, ZCP viii 308.34 . Pass. sg. -airnecht, Thes. ii 348.1 , SR 2705 (see GOI p. 440 ). arrancas, SR 1249 . Pl. airnechta, Hib. Min. 8.262 .

As simple vb. air(i)cid. pret. 3 s. ro aircestar , CCath. 993 . ro airic , ZCP iv 239.12 . ro ḟairig , 240.2 . ro airich , RC xii 96 § 125 . Pass. sg. ro hairced , TTr.² 368 . ro hairged , RC xii 78 § 69 .

Vn. airec, airechtain.

(a) comes upon, meets, finds: issed inso nad chumaing aranísar and `'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . inmain féil . . . / i ṅairecht . . . / corpán . . . S. `in which the body of S. was found', Fél. Aug. 3 . co n-airesta ┐ co fogabtha set bethad `might be ascertained', Ériu ii 98 § 1 . ferr in cosmail caol fodae / dūs in airsed (airsidh v.l.) ecc occa in the expectation that he might meet death there(?), ZCP vii 311 § 15 . ní arnic A. a dáil A. did not keep his tryst, LU 10767 (= Ériu xii 170 , fairnicc v.l.). is hé arddaánaic acht .u. oss arránic in slóg ule díib it is he who got them except five deer which the rest of the army got, LU 4660 ( TBC-I¹ 197 ). arránic-som . . . maiss n-óir, Trip.² 1057 . arrecat abaind they meet a river, LU 1746 . Ceasair . . . cetna arriocht (.i. rainicc) Éri reached, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.3 . deda airegar ann, BB 323b33 . arrecaiter . . . da gne for suidiu, IT iii 8 § 8 . ? tenecol nach traigedhdubh / airegar i n-airegal, 89 § 110 . ind inchinnib dracon arrecar (of a precious stone), Ériu ii 116 § 46 . aranic rainn de o . . . some of it he got from . . ., ZCP ii 322.11 . fer laisi fuirecar set . . . .i. ac a nairgither, Laws v 262.23 Comm. na bésa arichta on maighister, Lism. L. 3961 . a tri on airecur tol Dé, LB 71 marg. is Dala fodessin ros airnecht dó `D. himself that discovered it for him', Dinds. 58 ( RC xv 454 ).

Perh. intrans. in: cia arránic? what has happened? LU 6363 (TBC). Note also: ni arnecair úad a rádha acht Fiach Fiach (ni tairnic les do rada acht F.F. v.l.) all he could say was F.F., TBC-LL¹ 2983 (cf. 645 , 2071 ). See cíar(r)icc.

(b) effects, contrives, brings to pass (freq. with vn. obj.): ní airic ní césad crist gl. Christus gratis mortuus est, Wb. 19b2 . ar-icc arechtain cacha himdae . . . di lind he contrives to serve each bed(?), BDD² 1306 . nuchun airrecht in druí mór nimthathand a tuarascbáil do thabairt ó sin immach, MU² 785 and n . is amlaid so arricht compert Bresi `came to pass', RC xii 60.7 . ? co n-airnecht a (om. v.l.) inndliged friss he was treated unjustly(?) (con-airicc ?), Anecd. ii 42.7 .

(c) devises; composes, invents: aire arrancas in crann ṅgúr (hypermetr.) for this the tree was devised, SR 1249 . lais cetna airnecht in sain . . ., 2705 . coimsid . . . las' n-airnecht a n-ōenach n-ān `the lord . . . by whom was established the famous Fair', Ériu xvii 38 § 8 . A.¤ Mac Coissi arainic in n-airec menman-sa, Anecd. ii 42.4 . is e Cendfaelad arainig in lebar-sa who composed this book, Auraic. 81 . Of inventing an implement: resiu arista brao `before a quern was invented', Sg. 184b3 . F. . . . cruisech la gae inhEire ise roairnecht, Rawl. 143a52 . is leis ariact carpaid cetra n-each, BB 254b13 .

(d) decides on, purposes: is i comarli arranic, LU 6143 (TBC). issi comuirle arriacht Nuadha `the decision to which N. came', RC xii 80 § 74 . conadh i comhairle arriacht lá cleirchibh Éireann, AFM ii 952.11 . conid e aireacc arrainicc leo corbmac . . . dfaoidhedh, iii 320.6 . issed tra arrícht occo and sin im dála dilgotha that was what was decided by them, LU 9783 ( RC vi 165.6 ). is ed arrícht leo Eochaid do marbad, Ériu xii 190.17 .

ar-toing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-toing or dil.ie/4340
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airthoingid, airthach

v (ar-tong-. Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 653 , Lochlann ii 213 ). swears on behalf of, guarantees by oath(?): artungsa déu I vouch by the gods(?), LU 5504 (= artungu, TBC-I¹ 1023 ); 'I swear in the presence of gods' Bechbretha 137 ; 'I swear to the gods' ZCP xlvii 69 ; 'I swear by the gods' Celtic Language, Celtic Culture 49 . gaid essomon bliadna do ┐ aretoing. Ni rag thorat, ol se, em dia taithmenaid dia bliadna, ol C. Aretoin[g] in ri in bliadain aile. Aretoing a ben in tres bliadain she begged him for a year's respite and swears to stand by it(?), Anecd. iii 59.4 . nach grád bes uaisle araile, is e artuing araill, O'Curry 1982 ( H 4.22, 19 ). artongad a testa urrthach, 2420 ( Eg. 88, 33 (34)a ). Subj. 2 s. confodlae riasiu artois .i. fodail in feich dlighther and mana lamtar nech a urrtach, O'Curry 612 (H 3.18, 297). ? Fut. 3 p. artitsat toraid audbretha, RC xxvi 38 § 199 ( LL 188b28 ) `fruits (by their decay) will bear witness to false judgments', Strachan 39 n. 4 . Stokes would read: art[ó]itsat t. [tria] a.¤ `through false judgments fruits will fall'. The gloss is: toetsat ass na toraid triasna gubretha.¤ Cf. fortithsat, O'Dav. 1588 . Also as simple vb. airthoingid: cach uair urtoingeas in fer a meamar (in an affiliation case), Laws v 454.26 Comm.

Vn. airthach.

Cf. for-toing.

2 assa(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 assa(e) or dil.ie/4492

adj io, iā easy, light: is asse duib maid do denum, Wb. 4a4 . mad asse dom gl. uellim autem esse apud uos, 20a1 . ni asse tacre . . . friss, 25b14 . ni asse nóib di suidib, 3d28 . connabí asse a aicsin leu, Ml. 116a1 . Ɔnách ase ditia do buith uandí as dis. , Sg. 104b4 . con[n]ách assa[e] bóaire do cach áe, Críth G. 147 . inge .vii. n-uasalchuru nadat assai do thaithbiuch, Ériu xvii 66 § 7 ( Laws iv 210.1 ). ni hassa bith fria, LL 12434 . ro gabh an ní nad asa, AFM i 336.3 . nocho n-asa a n-áirim gním Laigen, SG 375.37 . dia m-bad assa do etir if it was at all possible for him(?), Alex. 809 . In cheville: cúairt n-assa, Metr. Dinds. iii 290.63 .

Compar. as asu, Sg. 187a3 . ? assu éc ernbáis, BDD² 718 . is assu ém damsa . . . oldás daitsiu, LU 4790 (TBC). is asso in tsīrgorta / oldās in sīrloscadh more bearable, ZCP vii 311 § 20 . Note also: astul .i. slisen nō gāe libuir nō assude a dul, Corm. Y 19 = assaite a dul, O'Mulc. 96 . Cf. 1 usa. With neg. it is difficult (on idiom see St. fr. Táin Gloss.): ní assu du chách imram isindroféith, Ml. 126a7 . ar ní assu nach ai araili dib one is just as difficult as the other, LU 2080 ( FA 15 ). ni asu araile, Laws iv 184.11 `it is one of the most difficult', Plummer MS notes. in t-oenchrand ni h-assu a chlód which it is not possible to fell(?), TBC-LL¹ 2349 . ní hassu dún . . . a idnaide, LU 5666 (TBC). In phrase is a.¤ la considers easy: is asa lim fuaidridh do cur, IT iii 201.3 . With compar.: is assu linn scarad friar corp, Wb. 15c22 . ba assu limm oldaas for n-imdibe-si, 20b9 . iss asu chách lind `the easiest thing in the world', MacCongl. 103.18 . ce de bid assu latsu?, TBC-I¹ 1221 (`which of the two would you deem the lighter?' St. fr. Táin Gloss.). Note also: co mbad esaiti leo a fecht ┐ a slogad, TBC-LL¹ 189 . With superl.: cia tír ass asam lat do thabairt dúinne, ZCP viii 318.34 .

As subst. in phr. iar n-assu after (the time when it was) easy (feasible); too late: cobair iar n-asa (sic leg., edd.), Mon. Tall. 164.22 (§ 90) . rabert giarb í in chobair iar n-assu (iarnasa v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 3942 . bid aithrigi iar n-assu, Ériu ii 138 § 134 . aithirge iar n-assu, LB 101 marg. inf. cia dorada aitrige / is hí ind hí iar n-assa, TFrag. 110.10 . bés bidh edón cidh áes Arda as nesa / mani pad ferr, a Dé, iar n-as[s]u / nī bud messu, ACL iii 297 § 57 . But perh. difft. word.

As n.pr. Assa a ainmsi . . . ar ba hurussa a haltram, LL 12425 . Assa a hainm gó sin anald, ar ba hailgen, RC vi 174.20 .

? até

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? até or dil.ie/4590

ind tadall latt a Chu C. Ni adliub ém ol Cu Chulaind. A.¤ in biad cu ol si. Diambad ḟulocht mór no beth and or si ro adelta, LL 13887 .

báigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báigid or dil.ie/5175

Forms: bágaid, -fidir

v also bágaid (bág).

(a) declares, asserts, utters; undertakes: dobeir barr, no bágu / Nouimbir for slúagu, Fél. Nov. 30 ( .i. geallaim, O'Dav. 253 ). cé ro báige `if thou engage that it is', Ep. 27. bagim-se, LU 10424 (rhet.). robāgus . . . comroc fri C. imbārach I have undertaken, TBC-I¹ 1189. firfitir baga baigfithir (-fidir, v.l.) fir truth will be uttered (?), ZCP viii 565.8 (rhet.). bagasu in scel sa, Ériu v 234.30 . bágim báig for Laignechaib / . . . / na fríth sluag de Gaedelaib/ bad mó ánlecht, LL 6343 ( ZCP xxiv 142 § 48 ). bagaim conid bairdni bind. / debidi alaindi mrind, 5257 . ra bágait a mbrechta. ┐ ra canait a ndíchetla, 32474 ( TTr. 1671 ). baigim co fir . . . nach dernais . . ., MR 202.1 . b.¤ bréithir declares: baighis C.Ch. a breithir . . . con-soifed a cloich fuirri, ZCP viii 542.1 . baigim-si briathar . . . nach d'ic t'ḟalad . . . tangasa riot-sa, MR 262.y . báighim-si briathar cumad ferrdi lim-sa gach lerdacht . . ., 308.11 .

(b) threatens (folld. by rel. clause or direct obj. of thing threatened, FRI of person against whom threat is uttered): aní báigther rim, mo marbad, Trip.² 620. in gnim ro baigistar, O'Curry 2423 ( Eg. 88, 33ab ). in tan baighis nech olc ┐ forcumaing an tolc sin . . . don tí ris a mbaigther, 2422 (ibid.). ní baga fri ríg, LL 345a25 . robáighed friss ┐ doráidhsed droch- briathra, RC xvii 29.16 (Tig.).

(c) glories, boasts, prides oneself (on) (somet. with refl. inf. pron.): báigmi gl. gloriamur, Wb. 2d 15 . Tuatha Dē, ba tolc tréine, / im (for, v.l.) thuaith mBolc bāigsit rīge, ZCP xiv 176.1 . cía nos baigea ingen F. . . . im gním co cumachta, LU 3894 ( SCC 40 , rhet.). cia not bagea uall ollimresan, 3904 (41). ? ron bagi mór caemchenna, LL 35926 . 35923 .

(d) fights, contends (?): condom-roib it rígu / na ní ara ṁbáigiu `for which I contend', Fél. Ep. 360. di thúathaib toinget di rígnaib báiget fri namte agat, LU 5473 (rhet.). dursan nach Loegaire Buadach báigestar, LL 14271. bris, buail, baig iat `war against them' (of sins), Ir. Lit. 8.7 . lúaidfe molthu Maicc Maire / báges ar mbága finda `who fights our white fights', Thes. ii 353.2 (Hy. vi).

(e) Miscellaneous: m'atchí cech ben báigid `talks' (?), Fél.² cxlv 29. cuairt buadha ris a mbádhuim (leg. mbágaim) to which I refer (?), Ériu iv 112 § 1 (`whereof I make boast'). conid chucum bagthir cach ndelb sóer every noble form is judged by comparison with mine, LU 10313 (H, Tochm.Em.). ar cach n-olc atágur-sa / bágur-sa mac nAengusa I invoke (?), SG 389.41 . Oliuana, baigthi treith, SR 2499 `extolled by princes (?)', 1 tríath .

báine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báine or dil.ie/5204

n , f. (bán)

(a) whiteness, pallor: baine inn ecca, CCath. 4203. baine ┐ glaisi, BB 330b7 . fort margan co mbáni on your white margin, Fél. Prol. 307. Baidb co mbáni, TFerbe 623 . do dā brathair co mbāine (i.e. dead), ZCP vi 265 § 19. fri ré Fer mBolg cen báne `unblenching', Metr. Dinds. iii 168.23 (na mbaide, na baighi, v.ll.). do bhráighe bhláith / i mb.¤ bhláith don bhrághaid-sin, DDána 114.18 .

(b) In moral sense, purity: temair ban baine ingen inching gensa, LU 10254 (Tochm. Em.). fēili is bochta co mbāine (counsels for the religious life), ZCP vi 264 § 9. Brenainn go mbaine, BNnÉ 81 § 160 .

As n.pr. f. Báne a hainm, LL 4889. mac Báne ingine Scáil dia tá Cnocc Báne, 2955-6 .

bésad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bésad or dil.ie/5758

n u, m. (1 bés) see GOI § 256.

(a) = 1 bés (a), 1 bés (b): is b.¤ inna flatho do-em et do-fich, Wb. 9d2 . is he besad felsub etarcert di dúlib gl. secundum traditionem hominum, 27a10 . is besad leusom gl. consuetudo est, Ml. 67b19 . is bēsad . . . do cach graig, TBC-I¹ 3646. ba bēsad do Ultaib . . . turcbaitis a corthi, Ériu viii 156.29 . fo b.¤ cech dachpreceptoro like, Wb. 4a2 . amal as besad meiníc as is frequently the case, ZCP xxx 127.14 (Alex.).

(b) = 1 bés (c): cen chāin cen chobach cen chīs cen bēsad, Corp. Gen. 94.34 . do besad na hErenn, Ériu viii 64.12 .

bruithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruithne or dil.ie/7145

n (1 bruth): claid em i mbadar .x. mbruithṅi iaraind aitlegta molten charges (?), BB 433b36 . céd b.¤ do dherg-ór `a hundred ingots of red gold', Ériu viii 139.19 . Goibnenn nírbo baeth b.¤ (bruinnde (?), ed., a bruidne, v.l.) / Luichne saer in cerd Creidne `G., nicht war er einfältig, ein Schmelzer', ZCP xiv 177.1 ; cf. b.¤ .i. bruithneoir .i. fear bhois ag bearbhadh no ag leaghadh óir no airgid no m[i]otal, O'Cl. ceardcha [ar] tí b.¤ `ready to blaze forth', Aithd. D. 62.4 .

1 caín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caín or dil.ie/7787
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: caindeifriges, cainternais

adj i fine, good, fair, beautiful , etc. Of persons etc.: Bláán cáin Cinn Garad, Fél. Aug. 10 . C. ba cáin áge, July 6 . a phopa ch.¤ Conaire, BDD² 1175 . caínsi ch.¤ corcarda lais, 675 . caín tarb (caintarb, v.l.) (of Cet), Sc.M² 15 . coīn mīlid Ailill fri āgu, Corp. Gen. 8.13 . is cur c.¤ ¤ cathbúadach, LU 8956 ( FB 71 ). it caíni for slúaig, 5531 (TBC). am c.¤ (.i. ni ḟuil luib is chaime andú), LL 1555 . cid cáin lib in laechrad, IT i 77.9 (LMU). cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh, Cáin Ad. 8 . aged chāin (: sōir), ACL iii 307 § 15 . ingen Chuinn an c[h]rotha caoin, ML² 810 . sé c.¤ ceilligi carthanach, Stair Erc. 1025 . Of an action: is cáin didiu a n-essimthecht `fair then is their going forth', Thes. i 495.19 (Ardm.). ? c.¤ forondar a chorp hi crú, LU 8339 ( FB 24 ) (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 604 ). Of clothes: fúan c.¤ corcra, LU 8601 ( FB 45 ). ad-mestar cáircha assa comthlachtaib cóinib, ZCP xi 85 § 39f. lend bus caoin dath, ML² 513 . Of objects soft, smooth : ail chaoin cumdachta, Ériu xiii 30.29 . im iomdhaidh thaoibh chais chaoin, 28.22 . ag cennghail um charraic cháin, Acall. 858 . mess fás. fidh cáin. olcc bláth `smooth' (i.e. devoid of fruit ?), SG 80.8 . is c.¤ cech ard, LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). ba c.¤ ind fhidchell, TBFr. 90 . Of speech etc. soft, gentle : guthán c.¤ , Ériu xviii 12 § 6 . caoin fuigheall fri heigsi, Ériu xiii 14.3 . labhra chaoin, DDána 13.4 . d'aitheasg chaoin, 17.15 . cómhrádh caoin gach naoimh, Párl. na mB. 889 . ceól caoin na bhfilídhe, 1633 . ar chruit chaoin, DDána 119.29 . comhairle ch.¤ , ML 6.22 . Of weather fine, clement : sína caíni . . . gaim c.¤ cuisnech (oppd. to sína saiba), ZCP xi 82 § 25 . In chevilles: caoin rath, Blathm. 4 . caoin sgel, 153 . In nn.loc.. crutti Caínbili o Ess Rúaid da n-airfitiud, LL 8816 ( TBC-LL¹ 1449 ). Cf. Cluain caín, Druim caín, Caíndruim etc., Hog. Onom. Adv. co c.¤ cennsa, Stair Erc. 2235 .

Compar. Ailenn . . . / caīnu dūn dindgnai, Corp. Gen. 8.17 . cainiu cach fiach, SR 2485 . cainiu fedaib, Auraic. 5550 . ba cæine side cach fichthill, ZCP iv 35.17 v.l. As superl.: cáiniu di ḟlaithib in domuin, TBC-LL¹ 5171 .

Superl. ǽ drobéssach caínem di thonemaib Heirenn, Trip.² 1695 . Crist ba caoin em clú, Blathm. 247 .

As subst. Of a person: caoin ó a bhfaghair fóirithin (of a bishop), Arch. Hib. i 97 xviii . caíni U. (three harpers), TBFr. 108 . See 2 caín.

Compds. Forms compds. with nouns, adjj. and in adverbial sense with verbs. In composition with verbs treated as unstressed prefix, see GOI § 384 . In later lang. such compds. treated as simple vbs. e.g. caindeifriges, Auraic. 985 ; cainternais (sic leg.), ML 162.22 . Also used to form artificial compds. in etymol. glosses. Some of the compds. included here could belong to cain.

With nouns: ar a chaonairilledh, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.2 . bindḟogur a gotha ┐ a caínurlabra, LL 7740 ( TBC-LL¹ 210 ). trisin cainaisṅdíis (ref. to bene gratias agis). Wb. 12d20 . ar cháinbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi, MU² 211 . a gcrabhadh ┐ a ccáoinbhesaibh, Ériu v 74.13 . cāemdūdracht, cāinbēsa, ZCP viii 215.2 . do cech eclais bís i cāinbéscnu, Cáin Ad. 36 . aitherrach cáinbescna daib fri Dia, Anecd. i 41.20 . ica tá caoin bleith (of metal), O'Dav. 200 . ropo chuiscle chaenbríg, LL 27008 . fo cháinbuide (: óenṡuidi) na ndrong, SR 6055 . atcota becdata cāinbude humility wins gratitude, Anecd. iii 11.7 . ech gach eamhain ina caoincennas coir, Ériu xiii 27.8 ( Laws v 62.21 Comm. ). biaidh bo fó chaoinchethair ar anair n-iorchoraigh, xiii 25.22 `there will be a cow four fair times (i.e. there will be four cows) for a full melodious anair' (verse dealing with the rewards due to various metres), Meyer, Misc. Hib. 22 . ¤-chomrac etc. see separate entries. do-rala caínchomrád etir Coin C. ┐ Emir, MU² 136 . tré . . . caencrabud B., Lism. L. 3330 . atcota cīall cáin-chruth, Anecd. iii 10.18 . Mock n.pr.: Caonchruth mac Caoindhelbha, ii 64.5 . fothughad a caen-daime budein, Laws v 52.17 Comm. ¤-dúthracht etc., see separate entries. céd corn caoinegair, Mart. Don. xxxvi 14 . co cathair na caenḟled, Gorm. Dec. 18 . a chaínfochell asar corp `fair wage', Wb. 15c24 . tabraid . . . cāinforgall, Thes. ii 306.2 (Hy. i). ní raba . . . bá moo eneach na caonfuarascaibh ionás renown, TFrag. 178.1 . ¤-ḟúairrech etc. see separate entries. sin chaóinfresdail ┐ fritheoladh, RC xxix 146 § 72 . nach claistear a gcaoinḟriotal gentle speech, Hackett² xviii 39 . tria caonGhaoidheilg, Hugh Roe² 244.7 (fo. 61a) . Maccæma Túath nDea dom ét iar mo caenghuide, RC xii 60 § 18 . huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib gl. multiplicatis benedictionibus, Ml. 105a7 . cāinlāech Luigdech, AID i 53 § 3 , Celtica xi 125 . ar chrábhadh na caoin-léaghan do rádh `to say a prayer(?)', Celt. Rev. x 134.12 . caín-leas, MR 160.5 . fó ṡídh ┐ fo chaoin loisi, AFM ii 1164.6 . triallais . . . caenmag, LL 15762 . naoi ccuill chaoinmhesa, Ériu xiii 26.20 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. concertfa caenrecht for iathu B., YBL 181a11 . act rocloor for cáinscéilsi a good account of you, Wb. 23b2 , cf. b41 . fer ro scríb . . . / cáinscéla Críst chrochthai, Fél. May 6 . rind caein-sholais Chaingcrech, MR 114.2 . gan dire do chreith caoinṡrothaib, Ériu xiii 17.13 . á caintaidlech gl. satisfactionem, Ml. 32b22 . cáinteist diib `good testimony', Wb. 23a23 . ic tabairt chaintestusa, LB 107a24 . caintír toirthech (? cain), SR 963 . déce do caerca caeintlachta, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.15 . teinniu achuinscliu caíntocud, LU 7385 . trí hingena berta seirc do cháinthocud, Triads 110 . iarsin chaíntoil gl. secundum bonum placitum, Wb. 20d19 . do lucht na cain toile, ITS xxix 144.2 . 'na sgéith chreidimh ┐ chaointoile, Parrth. Anma 5064 . cáintoimtiu diib `a fair opinion of you', Wb. 23a22 . adchonncadar . . . isan chaentracht clerech, RC xxvi 160 § 47 . iarna cáintuistin, SR 7999 .

With adjj.

(a) Dvandva compds.: tecait cāinḟinn / corra, ḟāilinn `fair white birds', K. and H. 18 § 27 . cāinmaith slān / Sīrne, Ält. ir. Dicht. i 29.27 .

(b) Adjj. derived from nouns: go cobhsaidh caoin-bhéasach, TSh. 1854 . do reir diancecht cainbrethaig fair-judging, Laws iii 362.4 Comm. ambreith Chaei Chaenbrethaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 9.2 . Connla Caoinbhriathrach, Keat. iii 518 . Mock n.pr. Feli ingen Caoinchlothaigh, Anecd. ii 64.9 . is caínchomairlechu beith i ssíd, LL 31741 (TTr.). uo cōinchomráitech . . . na fēne re chéle, Fianaig. 64.4 . a sgiath . . . chaoindealbhach, ML 112.19 . in dearc . . . caen-dénmach beneficent, PH 5923 . cros caoindénmhach uas a cind, AFM iii 312.10 . caindénmide gl. benefica est, Ml. 25d4 (caindenminde, MS). caindéinmidi (-deimidi, MS) gl. beneficam, 120b6 . amal as dund chaindénmidiu gl. benefico, 33b9 . nadbi caínfoltach nibi caínfuillmech `he who is not well qualified is not well remunerated', Ériu xviii 47.5 ( Laws v 112.7 ). cluithche caoínmhenmnach, Ériu v 166.56 . easbog cáoinráidhtioch, Párl. na mB. 3794 . labrad uallach ┐ chaintoimtenach dib fadesin `proud and self-complaisant speech', Ml. 31b10 . See caínḟúairrech.

With verbs: cáin-airlice lend graciously(?), LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). mani cáinairlither `unless thou take good heed', Wb. 5b38 . in tan na cain-biadhtar cain-scarat, Laws v 292.12 . nī bo fri óigthea acher / cāinbói (.i. cáin nobíid) fri lobru trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 (Hy.v). la Dal Riada cainebar / . . . / lethdeog, Anecd. i 14.15 ( SCano 478 ) (ibid). cáineperr gl. bene dicitur, Sg. 215a3 . caínéra, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). caoin éranar muca mbroghtar ina muicthech, Ériu xiii 27.23 = amail atbeir isin bretha nemidh cain erenar muc mbrogtar ┐ rl., O'Curry 1451 ( H 3.18, 647b ) (as-ren). c.¤ feid a rosc, LU 8342 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ fera bodil di fodbaid ríg (rhet.), 6122 (TBC). c.¤ fúalaing fuither glaini sair, 8343 ( FB 24 ). inna caingnethi gl. bene acta, Ml. 22d18 . With in-láidi, see ind-láidi. cumala caínógat a ngnímu `who fulfil their services well', Críth G. 485 and n . caínoís, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ) (oidid). cain rognatha (gníid), Ml. 39a24 . cáinscríbaimm, Thes. ii 290.11 . caínté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1570 (téit). cia tīasam cáin temadar (.i. alaind), Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). in-díu trá cáin-timgarat, Lament 90.5 . inna caintinscantai gl. bene coepta, Ml. 131c18 . caín tintaé chucum, LU 8310 ( FB 23 ). is caintormachtae (do-formaig), Hib. Min. 13.451 . clanda caine caīntuismiter, ZCP xi 92 § 21 . amail bid cainullmaigthe, Hib. Min. 13.448 .

In etymol. glosses on con as conjunction and preverb: caoinberim nó caoinbritheamnaigim gl. conidbiur, O'Dav. 391 (cf. Ériu xiii 21.30 ). conamus . . . .i. . . . ro cainaimsighedh, Laws i 48.18 Comm. conaraig . . . .i. . . . ro chain-airgestair, v 292.14 Comm. ar na conderbathar .i. ar na caindiubarthar, iv 196.23 Comm. (2 do-rorban?).

In later lang. used as occas. alliterating ornament e.g. do chogair ┐ do chaoin-chomhairligh aige féin, ML 26.14 .

With vnn.: cuile iar cainbiathad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52.29 ( Laws ii 386.z ). a condaill .i. a caindeligud, Auraic. 1501 . na ro cuindrigther . . . .i. na dentar do caindirech, Laws i 192.8 Comm. (etymol. gl.). in chainepirt gl. benedictio, Ml. 137d6 . tosach cōru cāinepert, Anecd. iii 16.15 . is maith bar caeineiberta, SG 350.1 . ¤-gním, see separate entry.

1 clam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clam or dil.ie/9354

adj o, ā

I leprous, scurfy; of animals, mangy (on the Irish connotations see Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 186 - 8 ): i[n]dara huair dí ba c.¤ / ind uair aile ba gléglan (of the hand of Moses), SR 3819 . ité clama bodra `scabbed', Metr. Dinds. iv 304.12 . im cairid claim `a mangy sheep', Laws i 188.17 Comm. do-badus-[s]a c.¤, ┐ ro-m-slanaig Ísu, PH 2790 . mná deaghumhla . . . / fearumhla ináid fir cinn chloimh `sturdier than scurvy-headed men', Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 14 § 25 . capall clamh, TSh. 2558 . [duine] bhías clamh nó gearbach, Levit. xxi 20 .

II

(a) More freq. as subst. o, m. and ā, f. leper : c.¤ .i. occultus, ar doeim in gain em (leg. -ech) a chorp, O'Mulc. 198 . alali c.¤ dia tuititis a baild, Vita Br. 25 . an claimh do choemhclodh cuirpghloin, Blathm. 147 (in chlaim, ed.). in c.¤ gáde ailgis dí, Thes. ii 339.5 ( Hy. v 49 ). don ch.¤ , 43 (Comm.). dia tubert in ṁbréit don chlum, LL 370e23 . im dingbail mic . . . di claim, Laws i 124.y . mac claime, ni comail mathair ar nach ruilli aillsi uaithi son of a leprous woman, O'Dav. 1364 . boí debaid in tan sin dia claum fri Patraic, Trip.² 914 . hi richt claim, BColm. 102.30 . Lia in Chlaim (at Tailtiu), LL 27890 . linn muilind . . . na daine no-dos-fotraic inti . . . dogni clumu dib, Todd Nenn. 200.5 . d'innmad chos na c.¤ , LB 228 marg. sup. atchí . . . Ruadhan clomha ina dhiaigh. Ro ailsiot na cloimh almsain fair, BNnÉ 325 , 326 § 44 .

As epithet: Laignēn clamh, Corm. Y 180 .

(b) ? In pl. scurvy, mange : air a mbía . . . claimh no gearba = scurvy, Levit. xxii 22 (or leg. claimhe).

Compds. With adj. Conall Cernach t'ainm gusaníu, Conall gran[d]a clamtruath tu budesta, ZCP i 104.35 v.l. (cloentruag, text). With noun, see trusca(e) (` smallpox ', Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 183 ).

clann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clann or dil.ie/9365
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f. (Lat. planta) IGT Decl. § 40 .

(a) plant, planting; off-shoot; produce : inna clainde gl. plantationis, Ml. 102b3 . amal bid claind no clantais (as vn.), 63b9 . nua-chlandib(us) gl. noualibus , Études Celt. xxii 212 § 62 . clanda (gl. propagines) offshoots, Thes. i 3.24 . ni tesseba de cona chlana toruth cechtarda sin offshoots (of a tree), Vita Br. 35 . daib lugbort caín co clannaib súalach, Trip.² 645 . is ann āsait clanna in terra intan nodaguire sōl, O'Mulc. 65 . docechnad . . . fora maige comtis ambriti . . . cacha clainde, LU 10950 . etham taulchach . . . is e maith do cach cloinn ┐ da cach torad olcena, O'Curry 252 ( H 3.18, p. 146 ). Cf. Ériu i 39 § 4 . da trian clainne ┐ etha ┐ blecta, LL 635 . is i uir in talman dogni silad na c.¤ cuirtir inti, Auraic. 5653 . c.¤ a glande .i. torad craind, sic is torad [duini] oinchlann, O'Mulc. 199 , cf. 287 . mar shamhail do chloinn i gcnaoi `a kernel in a nut', Aithd. D. 90.9 . an gescca tóirtech co cclannaibh sualach .i. Berach, BNnÉ 23.x .

(b) Fig. of the growth of the hair, springing locks, tresses : folt didiu cland totim `a plant of falling(?) (i.e. which grows downwards?)' (s.v. folt), O'Mulc. 568 (prob. compd.). foighéga a ch.¤ bfíthe bfionn, Rel. Celt. ii 303.4 . folt na n-órch.¤ . . . gcas, DDána 49.3 . soillse ch.¤ id chróchbharr chúil, Magauran 953 .

(c) children, family, offspring; a single child; descendants, race, clan : tuistiu claindde, Wb. 28b17 . fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlainnd cid risíu ro báe cland les, Wb. 29b23 . a pridchas dia claind no dia mmuintir `to her children or to her household', 11c8 . hó bói mo chland et mo chenéel, 29d6 . intan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . primiti a clainde `the first fruits of their children', 99b5 . inna clanda gl. posteros, 122d1 . dun chlaind gl. proli, 107a10 . inna clainde ón gl. successione continua, 109c11 . hua chlaind fri claind `from generation to generation', 100b4 . Iadumdu .i. cland Essau, 26b15 . amochland `O my child', Sg. 204b2 . a maire a grian ar ccloinne, Blathm. 597 . nech . . . bes cráibdech . . . din chlaind, Thes. ii 239.3 = cenél, 1 . na ríg di chlandaib Cualann `clans', 295 § 5 (SP v). ní amal fogní athechán orbugud a chlainni, LU 10279 ( Tochm. Em. 21 ). ōsar na clainne, Corp. Gen. 43.1 . is sī c.¤ Lugdach Hūi Ochrai descendants, 28.6 . ar ḟer . . . na festar cland na cinél dó, IT i 127.14 ( TE 13 ). a clanna no a nadmanna no a ratha her sons, Laws ii 382.14 Comm. (`agreements'). clanda Gaedil, LL 338 = fini Gaedil, 344 . aenfer rob ḟerr . . . tanic d'ḟuil na Adham-clainne, RC xviii 182.2 (Tig.). dias cloindi . . . .i. mac ┐ ingen, xiii 9.7 . nir ghabhsat clanna, acht c.¤ Neill, / Erinn, MacCarthy 426 § 1 . na clanna ┐ na cenéla `tribes and nations', Ériu ii 196 § 10 . go ruc sī triar do c[h]lainn . . . dō, ML² 605 . comrac clainne Calatín children, TBC-LL¹ 2917 . is iat na hobrigthi glana cland na hanma, PH 7813 . slaníccid claindi Adaim, 3862 . is tu ba cland dam-sa dar eis mo mac, TTebe 2103 . an ch.¤ oirrdhearc éinfhir `the famous Only Son', Aithd. D. 77.1 . an Aodhch.¤ rer dheacar dréim, DDána 79.4 . fearr beagán cloinne ná c.¤ (i.e. a single child can be better than a large family), DDána 27a . 1 ; cf. 4 . do-ní éanmhac ionad cloinne, Aithd. D. 77.1 . an tsaorch.¤ ionmhuin óg (of a single child), DDána 41.18 . cf. Magauran 2217 . tinneas a cloinne `pains of child-birth', Donlevy 348.22 .

In wider sense, márgrían inna clandsa bands , Fél. Dec. 18 .

Compds. With adj. clannbhuidhe a chúl cam a chiabh yellow-tressed, Magauran 222 . an cing cabarthach clannlínmhar . . . Finn prolific, CF² 1251 . tré chúigedh clannlínmhar Connacht, 602 . Oilill . . . / céthach clannmaith clothamra `rich in children', Leb. Cert.² 156.26 . bái fo cumachtu clannmór with numerous offspring, SR 6802 . ga chéibh . . . clannuir chais, Rel. Celt. ii 302.11 .

With adj. derived from noun. folt úr clainndleachtach (clandleacthach, MS.) `properly arranged', Magauran 933 . moltchroiceann clannollach (`fleecy(?)' Gloss.), Cath MT 169 .

With noun. tú in crann ós do chlannaicme race, O'R. Poems 25 . do chuimniughadh a gcaradra d'a gclannbhuidhnib ceneoil, MR 96.y . clannchaolach na gciabh gcam `trellis-work of the curving braids', Magauran 973 . ionnúa ro genair on cclainnfhreimh comnairt common stock, Hugh Roe² 302.4 . do Chonall cona clandmaicne, Dinds. 132 = Conall . . . ┐ a cethrar mac, ibid. is innte ro tusmit clannmaicne A., CCath. 3865 . Lir . . . cona .uii. macaib .xx. ┐ cona ch. archena, Acall. 5118 . cúic mic dég do chloinn atá ag Finn a fhégmais a c. fén, CF² 207 . an té as fhearr dá gach aicme / as hé as ceann don chlannmhaicne `family', Studies 1924, 243.16 . hi ccodhnachus a ch. `command of his people', AFM v 1724.12 . ar a son fein ┐ a c. (pro se et generacione sua), Smaointe B. Chr. 5395 . errla Gormlaidhe . . . / . . . / suairc an clannmhuine cam ceart thick tresses, Magauran 1041 .

? cloind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cloind or dil.ie/9577

n c.¤ .i. honní cloides cach n-indliged, Thr. Ir. Gl. 13.29 . ? Leg. cloid em.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. có or dil.ie/9790

particle in indep. neg. with ní nay : nico, a B., ar in Satan, Vita Br. 33 . ní có em, olse, LU 5958 (TBC). See níthó.

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