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4 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 acht or dil.ie/203

n in cen a.¤ (cheville) usually translated without doubt (perh. development from 1 acht): a.¤ .i. conntabairt, ut est, is teol, is taidhe cin a.¤ , O'Dav. 166 . as díor d'éolach sin uile do thaithmheach ┐ d'érnadh gan a.¤ gan ainbhfios, IGT Introd. 2.4 . co ndeisidh sodhain gin a.¤ , Anecd. ii 69.2 . nimdingēnad fuilide mo longad cen acht (: cacht) `my dinner, doubtless, would not make . . .' Ériu ii 56 § 7 . cin ach, AFM ii 570.3 . tar a.¤ , Fen. 276.25 .

adma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adma or dil.ie/491

adj io, iā knowledgeable, skilful, dexterous: duni conái dligid De / . . . / co ngnim a.¤ nad chlithe, SR 451 . Adiar a.¤ irdaig múr, 4191 . F. . . . ri Ulad a.¤ , LL 17123 . fer ard a.¤ ro-bíd co amra / in cech berlu, Todd Nenn. 228.3 . la grain . . . a ngallarm ar narbhó hadhma eolaig Erendaigh ríamh gósin `for the Irish had no knowledge of them before this', Hugh Roe² 34.3 (fo. 9b) . ba ha.¤ eolach Ercail isin ceird sin, CCath. 2938 . o rop adhma som isin ealadhain, Hy Fiach. 78.9 . sil nAeda a.¤ i ndebaid, Rawl. 84a49 . guidhim an slógh mór manach / im Bheinidheacht . . . / gach manach bhus adhma (adhbha v.l.) orm / do thabhach mh'anma a hIofarnn, `every monk who is known to me' (who knows about me?), Dán Dé xxv 64 . Of an instrument: cen garmna cruind co ndruine / cen chlaidbe a.¤ fige, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.30 ( LL 193b50 ). adhma .i. eolach , O'Cl. See also under aidme.

aidme

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidme or dil.ie/894

n = aidemm: gach aidhme ba hadailg ind eallmha las an luing ` equipment ', Hugh Roe 6.13 (fo. 1b) . aidhme .i. uradh trealamh, uirnis no culaidh, O'Cl. ?As adv. cinn na secht n-eladhan saer ro bui co haidme eolach aici `the seven liberal arts in which it was skilled and accomplished', Stair Erc. 1366 . Cf. adma.

aineólach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aineólach or dil.ie/1297

adj o, ā ( eólach ) ignorant, unlearned, unskilled: nidat aneolach ind ecna, Alex. 821 . ua haineolach d'imgabail uilc in macan sin, TTebe 1789 . rop aneolach arm d'imluad, 1538 . taim-si . . . aineolach o burba ┐ o ainecna, Smaointe B. Chr. 108 . ceithearnach allta a.¤ , TSh. 3710 . Esp. of not knowing the way: is it aneōlach you have lost your way, MacCongl. 122.10 . ro bhádhmar gin gur threórach / go neamhshadhal a.¤ , Duan. F. ii 60 § 4 .

n Subst. ignorant person: na haneolaig, LU 4039 ( SCC § 49 ). imresnaid cech n-aneólach, Tec. Corm. § 13.18 . robdar úaite a n-éolaig, ┐ robdar ile a n-anéolaich, Ériu iv 126.10 . céim eoil don aineolach, Dán Dé xxviii 45 . ní rádh aineólaigh, TD 7.47 .

ainfes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainfes or dil.ie/1327

adj (cf. 1 fes(s)). Only with copula in phr. is a.¤ is unknown: nirbo ha.¤ det andísin, RC xii 62 § 21 . 's nach ainbhfess fá Íbh Táil, Content. ix 20 . cid ainmeas (ainmfisach v.l.) fort-sa sin, Grail 365 . tomhas an fhoraidh sin / co fír ní hainḟis, Leb. Cert. 142.6 = ni hainmes, BB 275a12 . ata sund seanchas . . . / bís ainḟis minab eolach `which thou knowest not unless learned', Leb. Cert. 80.14 = bidh ainmes mina heolach, BB 271a22 .

1 airecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airecht or dil.ie/1904
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: oireacht

n u m. Later also f. Peritia v 91-92 . oireacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 .

(a) name given to the public assembly of freemen and later of the more important families in the territory whose functions included the transaction of certain important legal business; hence court ; see Críth G. p. 73 . On use in titles of Law-tracts see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 188-92 . Sometimes used with dáil (distinction not clear). In more general sense gathering, assembly: airect gl. curia, Thes. ii 42.5 . cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . a cōic: taeba.¤, a.¤ uirdnidhe ┐ a.¤ fo leth et a.¤ fodesin how many kinds of a. are there? ZCP xii 359.13 ( Cóic Con. p. 62 ) (see also cúl, taeba. ¤, oirdnide, leth, fadéin II (g)). ni tualaing rodgaba athgabail . . . manis comtheit suithengthad fó searnad airechta conid fri rosc ruirther who would arrange the procedure of the a., Laws i 84.10 .i. fer gaeth . . . srethaig dligedh in a.¤ , 20 Comm. (see fo-sern). is dithre o lesaibh airechta is excluded from redress in the a., 12 . ecuma airechta i.e. persons unqualified to plead before an a.¤ (?), 27 . co roisc a.¤ do timurcain till an a. has been collected together, 202.11 Comm. tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-a.¤ , v 252.11 . is do anfuiglib airechta wrong judgements of an a., 442.27 . is go airechta a n-astad a false finding of the a.(?), 510.2 . is sed is roairde ngotha and ma[d] mo na lucht na airechta do cluin he (of methods of pleading), Cóic Con. 34 § 36 . inurcra a feib . . . .i. in urcra do dul ina airmitin airechta i.e. his qualifications for the a.¤, O'D. 519 ( H 3.17, c. 422 ). nach dál ┐ nach oirecht conrisar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210 § 33 . a ndail no a n-airacht, Cóic Con. 18 § 10 , 49 § 92 , O'Curry 1206 ( H 3.18, 482a ). bethi fo seilib . . . hi cach airiucht i mbed, Trip.² 1590 . naim airthir in domain ina n-airiucht fo leith, LU 1970 ( FA § 4 ). doscuiched dochum na hairechta . . . ni roairig duine isindairiucht (of a horseman approaching a concourse on a hill), RC viii 50.15 . [l]e toidheachd uī Chuinn chugoibh / ō [a] oireacht, O'R. Poems 2570 . doching side for lar na hairechto, IT iii 239.128 . ro marbhadh somh . . . ar lár an aireachta, AFM iii 48.13 . cen dul ḟer i n-a.¤ ṁban, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.225 . Iuil . . . ro marbad ina h-airect h-fein i.e. the Roman Senate, Todd Nenn. 62.1 . mor-a.¤ na n-uli Iúdaide the Sanhedrin, PH 3711 . Name applied to the collective `ollavs' and pleaders of a territory: gurab ar ollamuin ┐ aighni na crichi tug dliged d'ainm forro airacht eolach no aineolach, O'Curry 2270 ( Eg. 88 fo. 20(21)b ). aighne airechta, name of a special kind of advocate: aighni airechta . . . . fer son ro huca a les do a.¤ ┐ dodnacair indi. Indfiadar do in les. Tanacair iarum on trath co raile . . . aignis lais uile ┐ nascairecht ┐ berrad ┐ comaidhches ┐ cain lanomhnai ┐ maccslechtai ┐ deich seotu uad do fer belrai lais ndeni ┐ a recht ┐ trian cach besa do cadesin ma tobach, O'Curry 813 (H. 3.18, 375a).

(b) Collective name for the leading nobles of a territory: a.¤ na aicme na ard-cinedh d'feraib Ereann, MR 248.26 . Mac D. . . . ┐ gach aon oile dá oireachtaibh `vassal chiefs', Maguires of F. § 10 . a urradha ┐ a ardtóisig . . . ┐ a oireacht, Hugh Roe 12.19 (fo. 3b) . d'éag a huaisle 's a hoireacht, Measgra D. 55.61 . nó go mbeadh oireacht mar ibh / ag toigheacht go teach taoisigh, DDána 71.22 . as iad fa ceud oireacht do ag gabháil righe Condacht, Hy Fiach. 52.14 . atá d'a eagla ara oireachtaib he is so feared by his subjects, Hy Maine 141.1 . mac duine oireachta `son of a chieftain', AFM v 1582.y . oireacht Chonaill mic Aodha `the party of', Keat. iii 1427 . With extended meanings: Oireacht Mhaoise the children of Israel, DDána 74.21 . an t-oireacht brónach (of the damned), IGT Decl. ex. 1170 . oirecht na haithrighe (penitents), ZCP viii 216.5 . do b'é in toirecht gan imsním (of the sons of Morna), SG 138.39 . Of military divisions or levies: ro erig cach saer-slúag . . . .i. cach a.¤ 'ar n-iadud fa'n aird-rig, MR 214.13 . sluag Emna, a.¤ Uladh, 212.10 . tucsat a clár clé fri a.¤ ar ammus ind átha (here the a.¤ consisted of Cú Ch. and Laeg representing Ulster), TBC-LL¹ 1872 . cuir uait t'armu . . . co raccillem in n-a.¤ `till we parley with the host' (of champions in single combat), Metr. Dinds. iv 360.140 . ac forind dona fearaib . . . ac airiucht aile dib, TTebe 1400 . ón oirecht Fhailghech `the host of Offaly', Studies 1920, 417.21 .

(c) patrimony, territory: taisigh [do] nach biad oirreachta no fearann taisigheachta, O'Curry 287 ( H 3.18, 158 ). ni gebhaitt da éis go cert / righe ar iath na ar oireacht (a curse on a family), BNnÉ 285 § 272 . maithi inn arechta `the chief men of the lordship', Ann. Conn. 1225.18 .

aitheólach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitheólach or dil.ie/2626

adj ( eólach ) very learned: aitheolach ilbhéarlach, CRR² 62.10 .

3 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 aithnid or dil.ie/2763

(2 aithne)

I As adj. known, acquainted, familiar. In attrib. use: bean aithnidh, IGT Decl. § 170 . an t-aos aithnidh acquaintances, Dán Dé xxv 12 . ret éigeas n-aithnidh, Aithd. D. 40.17 . éol aithnidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1299 . In pred. use: nitat achinti indiu ar ro chloemcoiset [a n-] anmand, LU 65 . Note also: rob aithnidh eólach etorra, Hugh Roe² 26.8 `he was a familiar acquaintance among them', Gloss. Superl. gidh tú as aithnighe i nÉirinn, DDána 101.38 . With DO: na bad achnid do Choin Ruí . . . tuarascbála Ulad would C. R. not know, MU² 518 . a.¤ dam eich na féinne, SG 100.11 . nirbh' aithnigh disi Art gur ba lendan dí é she did not know that A. was her lover, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . sochaide . . . do neoch roptar aithenta dó féin, RC xxv 394.9 . Note also: do bhí an deisgiobal sin aithnidh don easbog, TSh. 3204 . Of carnal knowledge: nírbh aichnid dhi fer romham, SG 5.17 . Compar. ni haic[h]enta damh . . . ina daib fein, CCath. 5169 . Adv. co h-aithnidh inntlechtach expertly, ML² 684 .

II As subst. one who is known, acquaintance, friend: ni boi cara no aichnid doibsium innte acquaintance, LB 142a39 . etir aichnid ┐ anaichnid both known and unknown (persons), PH 4152 . sochaide dia aichintib fen, Aen. 1329 . tuccsat aic[h]ne for aighthib na n-aichenta, CCath. 5557 . cuid da n-aithentoib, Aisl. Tond. 111 § xvii 1 . ? is faill cech n-aichnid, LU 3916 ( SCC § 43 ).

Perh. in sense of aithne in: da inadh ar aithnit duinn ar talmain = duo in terra loca esse novimus, Ir. Astr. Tr. 142.4 .

arrachta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arrachta or dil.ie/4248

Forms: árrachta, ábhachta, lánshocra, árdachta, ardochta

adj (1 arracht). arr - treated as ár - for metrical purposes in árrachta: ábhachta, DDána 67.15 . : lánshocra, O'Hara 1072 . Also árdachta, ardochta. Orig. spectral (cf. TSh. 6679 and perh. also: an aithid árrachta (of the devil), Trompa na bhF. 4008 ). Usually strong, vigorous, bold, resolute: roordaigestar Grec rigdamnad uaisli a.¤ i remthus catha rompo, BB 431a43 . fir a.¤ sdūamdha, ZCP xiii 181.11 . ? ba lámh a.¤ (arséda v.l.) le P. . . . isin glía[i]dh, CCath. 2157 . duthaidh don fein arrdhochta, Top. Poems 122.6 (= árrochta, Top. Poems² 1518 ). duine uasal árdhachta é, Desid. 2924 . an tan do bhiadh a mhac chomh a.¤ ┐ go líonfadh a mhéar an iodh, Keat. ii 3382 . daóine á.¤ mighty men, Isaiah xxi 17 . do fhásadar . . . 'na ndaoinibh árrthachta, Gen. vi 4 . ba . . . á.¤ áidhbhseach arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 xiv . dob áluinn á.¤ a phearsa, ii 252 xxix . do bhí sé á.¤ áluinn, Hackett xxxix 150 . lánamha ardhachta ioldathach, Oss. iii 220.4 . sdét furtill fir a.¤ , ZCP vi 36.31 . cris a.¤ iarnaighi, 285.34 . tri . . . aitinn arrachta, Études Celt. i 85.23 . corp cnámharrdhachta, Párl. na mB. 37 . a heire . . . a.¤ , Ériu v 84.20 . builli . . . a.¤ , Stair Erc. 1058 . na chulaidh do-chúaidh rompa / na sdúaidh umail arrochta, IGT Decl. ex. 360 . ? rug a [seadh] a slait chorcra / tarraing eolach arrochta, Magauran 4152 . tuiccsedh a.¤ , Flower Cat. 488.21 . ? do Th. . . . / d'fhígheas amhrán ardochta (arrachta v.l.), Ó Bruad. ii 208 § vi . Cf. airrechtga (airechtaigh, arrachta v.ll.) fresligi, Tec. Corm. § 16.57 . Superl. ant aenmac rig . . . dop ailli ┐ dob a.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1333.6 . Adv. in cocad do ergi co a.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1389.2 . do eirig a aigned co ha.¤ la hEchtair da hinnsaigid, BB 431a13 . go hathgarb ainmin ardachta, Flower Cat. 341.18 . co glan ┐ co h-arrachta pure semper ac strenuus, ITS xxix 197.25 . is laigide na lochta / mé ar m'inntinn go harrochta / neach ar a mianaibh go meirbh / dá mbeath is iarraidh Ifeirn `if I rule my heart with vigour', Dán Dé xxi 9 .

augtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. augtar or dil.ie/4990

n o, m. (Lat. auctor). See GOI p. 44 , 574 .

(a) originator, instigator, promoter: ugtar ab augmento, ar donī fēn nī nūa, Corm. Y 1293 . augtor . . . uilc gl. auctorem malorum, Ml. 44d19 . auctair in dana sin (i.e. of magic arts), Trip.² 329 . auctair in deilighthi those responsible for the sedition, CCath. 3260 . a aúctair in báis (to the devil), PH 3927 . is e in spirut-sin is a.¤ do'n labra-sa, 6494 . ughdara gacha earráide, Mac Aingil 6214 .

(b) expert, one practised (in): accaldam auctor ind recto inso gl. scientibus enim legem loquor, Wb. 3c4 (`teachers'). Cf. ugdar (udar v.l.) .i. eolach , O'Dav. 1612 . a.¤ saírsi master wright, LL 3662 . augtair . . . na elathan, LL 219a1 `master-workmen', TTr. 136 . ro ordaigheadar ughdair i n-urthus gacha h-eladna, MR 90.5 . don bhuidhin ughdar wise men, DDána 75.33 .

(c) author, writer, composer (of books, etc.): lasna auctaru `writers', Ml. 35b17 . nach tan do furgaib int augtur brethir for a gin, Hib. Min. 12.410 . auctair ergnaide, SR 50 . augtair ┐ libair aile, LU 5390 . a.¤ inn éolais co n-āeb, ZCP viii 272 § 66 . ic auctaraib na Rōmān, 113.33 . cend na n-áuctor ┐ na ḟátha, LB 137b42 . min-ughdair . . . seach na n-ughdaru toisseacha, Auraic. 58 . ceart rig Laigen roluaid Benen / ar breith ughdair fuarastair, BB 278b8 ( Leb. Cert. 204.14 ). adeitig laisin ugdar, Laws v 92.29 Comm. menma in ugdair, 12.13 Comm. ropu doraidh laisna huctaru na nGáidel cinnas no roinnfitis chrao ┐ díbad, Ériu i 214.3 . deaghúdair, Mac Aingil 5348 . ainm an úghdair, 6199 .

(d) authority: muna bhfuil ughdar agaibh / rét urlabhra . . ., Content. xxii 5 . do nuimhir ┐ d'ughdar aithentadh na hegluisi, Parrth. Anma 2638 .

COMPDS. dál gach ughdair-thim `the man who has no authority on his side', Content. viii 26 . ? augmentum. augtorthórmachtaid fosodain ab augeo , Sg. 65a17 (a. printed as Lat. in Thes.).

breithemnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithemnas or dil.ie/6706

Forms: brithemnas, breitheamhnas

n u and o, m. (breithem) O. Ir. brithemnas. breitheamhnas m., IGT Decl. § 38 (88.2) .

(a) adjudication, judgment; jurisdiction . See Thurneysen, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 12 , Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi (C) 272 n.1 . cid i n-agar breithemnus berla Feini ? . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, Laws v 2.1 ` jurisprudence ', Mac Neill, loc. cit. ro herbadh do Dubthach tasfenad breithemnusa ┐ uile filidechta Eirenn `D. was ordered to exhibit the judgments . . . of Erin', Laws i 14.z Comm. conid hé (sc. Dubthach macú Lugair) ro taisfen filidecht ┐ brethemnas ┐ recht fer n-Erend . . . hi fíadnaisi Patraic, LU 9777. atait secht tacarta tacrus breithem, na fairben log einech, na beir as a breithemnus ` brehonship ', Laws v 252.7 .i. as a ollamnas a ndenam, 15 . Commbreitheamnus, ┐ imdenum, ┐ fiadnaise don ḟlaith for a a daercheilaib `(power to pronounce) judgment', ii 344.14 Comm. breitheamnus . . . don eclais for a manchaib, 30 Comm. rigi . . . do chlandaib Luigdech ┐ brithemnas do chlandaib Auluim, co roimchla líth . . .: rige dogrés la clannaib A. ┐ breithemnus dogres la clandaib L., Ériu iii 140.10 , 12 . Luigith Cosc i mbreithemnus, 15 . Giolla Arnáin . . . ollamh Erenn i mbreithemhnus do écc `chief Ollave (professor) of law', AFM iii 188.2 . am éolach in cech breithemnos fírén `just judgement', Ériu iv 134.24 . casáin an bhreitheamhnuis = the paths of judgment, Proverbs ii 8. bí cuimhneach ar mo bhreitheamhnas-sa (= memor esto iudicii mei), TSh. 643. do láthair bhreitheamhnais do dhéanamh ar Chríost, 3208 . do chúisibh drochamharais ┐ breitheamhnais mhearrdhántha of rash judgment, Desid. 1753. With FOR: sét . . . a brithemnasa for m(b)ruigrecht a s. for his adjudication on land-law (one of the qualifications contributing to the honour-price of the `bóaire febsa'), Críth G. 164. With IMM: breithemnus so berar umun cumaithecus judgment that is pronounced concerning, etc., Laws iv 68. 6 Comm.

With beirid: b.¤ so do berar itir barr in isilneimidh ┐ maigne in isilneimidh, ┐ fear bunaidh na mbech, Laws iv 188.12 Comm. Note further: bíom fad bhreitheamhnas `let me be subject to thy judgement', Aithd. D. 34.15 . bíodh fad bhreitheamhnas `accept it (a eulogy) . . . or . . . consider it', 33.8 .

Med. indication: ni hann gac aoinchneidh ata bretheamhnus mór aige (sc. an teas) chum maithiusa (= indicium), 23 K 42, 69.19 .

(b) Particularly (Doomsday) Judgment: niurt a thóiniuda fri brithemnas mbrátho `for the Judgment of Doom', Thes. ii 355.2 . breithem an breitheamhnais (of God), ZCP viii 199.25 . lá an bhreitheamhnuis `Day of Judgment', Donlevy 484.12 .

cennach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cennach or dil.ie/8624
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ceandach

n o, (cenn). ceandach m., IGT Decl. § 55 .

(a) bargain, transaction, compact : is c.¤ som mad ar lóg pridchidir a financial transaction, Wb. 10d27 . ba dotcedhach a cendach the bargain turned out badly (Judas' betrayal), Blathm. 110 . C.¤ ind Rúanada i nEmain Macha (title), LU 8040 . ro dasbennach F. féig / co mbad ch.¤ dia cóemréir an arrangement that was pleasing to her, 4296 ( SG 84.25 ). co ndernaind-se c.¤ frit, LL 281b39 . ? a ben can ch.¤ co culchair, RC xlvii 309.2 . ar son ar gceannoigh `owing to my commerce with him' (i.e. barter of poems for wealth, note), O'Hara 1845 . gan cor gan ceannach, AFM v 1626 . ceannach .i. connradh, O'Cl. In chevilles: cētaib c.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 45 . náemda in c.¤ , ZCP v 497 § 10 .

(b) act of buying, purchasing, acquiring : a ceannach `to purchase them', Laws iii 154.3 Comm. bec in cendach nime sin `this is but a slight outlay to purchase heaven', PH 2458 , cf. do cheannach nimhe, Éigse iii 178 § 39 (see note). dán ag ceannach do chruidh, Magauran 2402 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . reic ┐ ceannach, Donlevy 76.13 . do cheannach cairdeasa, TSh. 3556 . ceannach eiste pay for it, Aithd. D. 31.7 . a cheannach what he has bought, DDána 42.38 .

(c) act of ransoming; redeeming : in for legind do gabail dóib . . . ┐ a ch.¤ do B., Ann. Inisf. 990.2 . cen c.¤ without ransom, PH 2810 . do c.¤ tsíl Adhaim, Laud 610, 23a (cited Plummer MS notes). gabh ar gceannaigh-ne a chroch naomh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxvii 1 . aimser in cheannuigh, Smaointe B. Chr. 3090 redimere, Gloss.

(d) price, payment; reward, recompense : cendac[h] do ghabáil do cinn a cora cum báis, ALC ii 318.x . ? o do fuair c.¤ na cét / nír breg do Cellach a chuíc, BB 56b9 . as mór an c.¤ fledi a treigen to desert them (the sons of U.) is a high price to pay for a feast, IT ii2 129. 196 . is e ceannach daberaid air `the purchase price they give for it', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 2 . c.¤ da cind a āenbō, ACL iii 244 § 6 . ar cheannach ná ar bhreith le báidh `whether from money or from partiality', Content. x 11 . eneach, c.¤ for love or money, O'Gr. Cat. 120.5 . gan chíos . . . no ceannach ar a mhac, RC x 336.19 (TBC) `rent', Plummer MS notes. an ní bhus ceannach blaidhe, eadhon, bás the price of fame, ML 100.16 . do ch.¤ ┐ do thuarusdal, ZCP vi 91.13 .

In phr. with mór: is mōr an ceannach dúinn muill do chur ort, ITS i 127 v.l. (is doíligh linn, text). as mor an ceannach bheith reat it's a hard job to be up to you, Luc. Fid. 4929 . mor an ceannach thu fein ┐ do chluas, 5164 `you and your ear are the bother, the torment', Gloss. dá mnáibh is mór an ceannach / an barr her hair makes much work for her attendants(?) (otherwise text and note), Magauran 1875 . mór an ceannach deaghóir dhamh / seanóir meangach do mholadh (to the world), DDána 50.8 . Possibly also in: mór an ceannach ar a gcuid / ór ná heallach ní iarraid (`there is a great demand for their wares') (of abhrán-poets), Magauran 3674 .

In phr. mar ch.¤ ar: mar cheannach ar bheith i bhfochair na druinge `that he might be . . .', Keat. ii 43 . mar cheannach ar an mac soin . . . do bheith eolach , 109 .

(e) Attrib. g s. do chethern cennaigh `hirelings', RSClára 139a . dílsi chennaig a proper bargain, PH 3217 . fearunn ceannuigh, Laws ii 14.5 Comm. ocht . . . longa lancennaigh trading-ships, BB 276a37 . port ceannaigh fer talman, 491b45 ( ZCP xxx 119 ). síodh cheandoigh a negotiated peace, O'Hara 2173 .

coimgne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimgne or dil.ie/10208
Last Revised: 2019

n orig. io n. Ériu xviii 143 . (com + 1 ecna(e), Contribb. 416 , Mac Airt, Ériu xviii 143 or < *k̂om-ĝen-i̯o- Kalygin 114 ) name of a branch of learning , usu. translated synchronism; `historical knowledge ', Meyer; `joint k., all- embracing (acquired) k., very great k., then historical k., antiquarian lore, later in connection with pedigrees and perh. almost a synonym of `scéla ', Mac Airt, see also Mac Cana, The Learned Tales of Medieval Ireland 125 . c.¤ .i. coimegna .i. eagna na n-ēolach .i. fis cech rīg rogabh i comaimsir fria araile, Corm. Y 363 . O'Cl. ni nos na freisligi [cen] c.¤ cach naesa .i. . . . caemegna, O'Dav. 1005 . coimgni .i. senchas, 347 citing dréuchta coimhghne, Ériu xiii 52 , see xviii 144 . ni fili nád chomgne comathar, LL 25008 (see Ériu xviii 142 ). relugad c.¤ , Laws v 56.26 = Ériu xiii 16.6 . coimgneda ┐ sceoil, Anecd. ii 42.27 (introd. to saga-list). ? iscélaib ┐ i comgnimaib, LL 24917 . fer comcni cumnech historian, LU 9789 = Triads 248 . C. lasrachētgabtha comgni, ZCP viii 303.1 . c.¤ cinti caemcheneóil, LL 25374 `the certain family lore of a fair race', Ériu xviii 149 . coimgnedha ┐ craeba coibníusa, BB 263a13 . ailgi comgni fer nÉreand, Ériu iv 144.3 (see xviii 148). coimgned, comamserad cáich, Metr. Dinds. i 14.21 . a c[h]lī cloth co cómgne (: bloince), MacCongl. 33.12 . c.¤ (sic MS) clann, 69.6 . seanchus filidheacht coimhgne (: foirne), Content. iii 19 . ughdar oirdherc . . . hi ccoimgnibh, AFM i 116.5 .

comarthamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comarthamail or dil.ie/10766

adj (comartha): fer eolach, c.¤ i n-ecna diadha ` observant ', AU ii 176.16 (an. 1174). ALC i 150.4 .

coméolach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coméolach or dil.ie/11110

adj ( éolach ) equally wise, skilled : in tan robitis coimeolaigh, Aen. 1067 . da feithemain . . . comeolach, O'Curry 1193 ( H 3.18, 475a ). is cóimheólach sinn uile uirre `equally acquainted ', Atlantis iv 132.17 .

cosc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosc or dil.ie/12582
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: coisg, cosg, casg, choisge

o, n. vn. of con-secha. n s. coisg (leg. cosg?), Content. xxiv 20 . cosg casg m., IGT Decl. § 96 . Verbs § 75 . g s. choisge, IGT Decl. ex. 1216 .

(a) act of reproving, admonishing, correcting; reproof, correction. Also in sense of physically punishing, chastising; punishment, chastisement (see Bergin, Ériu xvii 1 - 3 ): c.¤ a coasc, Corm. Y 255 . cusc .i. tecosc, Lec. Gl. 58 . coscc tegusg tenn, Metr. Gl. D. 33 . c.¤ .i. tegosc, Lec. Gl. 31 . O'Cl. cotob sechfider dichosscc gl. in uirga ueniam ad uos, Wb. 9a23 (see Ériu xvii 1 - 3 , Stud. Celt. ii 91 ). diar c.¤-ni gl. ad correptionem nostram, 11a31 . doch.¤ cáich gl. quid igitur lex? Propter transgressiones possita est, 19c9 . isc.¤ et cuindrech forcechtarde gl. quanto tempore heres paruulus est, nihil defert a seruo, 19c21 . c.¤ innamban, 22c10 . na bad naimtide ac.¤ gl. nolite quasi inimicum existimare, 26b28 . trech.¤ conacarbi cenchinta gl. nolite ad indignationem prouocare filios, 27c6 (see Ériu xvii 2 ). c.¤ innacoimded gl. domini, quos iustum est . . . seruis praestáte, 27c16 . c.¤ innammoge inso sis gl. serui . . . arbitrentur, 29b1 . tre ch.¤ , 31c4 . ní dodígail forfírianu . . . acht is doch.¤ cintach gl. iusto non est lex possita sed iniustis, 28a3 . nád deni ní arach. gl. delinquit, 31d12 . ? dumchoscaibse gl. meis nutibus, Ml. 41d11 ( duinchoscaibse, ( Thes. i 113 n. b) MS. ? Leg. du-m-inchoscaib-se, Celtica xix 178 ). honch. gl. correptione, 51b17 . honaib coscaib innangalar gl. moderatís castigationibus, 111b26 `by the chastisements consisting of the diseases', Ériu xvii 2 . See also Wb. 5a16 , 9a19 , 20d6 , Ml. 111c3 . dognith do tromch.¤ `who was severely chastised', Blathm. 48 and n. cena c.¤ `without correcting himself', Mon. Tall. 128.3 . mo ch.¤ do cach óen / scarad fri peccad advice, LU 9480 . gearait (.i. eolach) do c.¤ (.i. tegusc) fand (.i. aineolach), ZCP v 486 § 6 (B. na f.). do ghene a cc.¤ `he punished them', Blathm. 96 § 21 . oc c.¤ inna mban, LU 8422 ( FB 29 ). bat cumnech coisc ót senaib, 3491 ( SCC 26 ). cuin as tūalaing coisc ala n-aile? `capable of correcting others', Celtica viii 68.91 ( ZCP iii 451.26 ). ní cara cách cosg a baise, H 3.18, 36.13 . olc in c.¤ cinad `the wicked advice', Ériu iii 148 § 2 . meic cen casc, Lism. L. 4664 . gabhaim do chosg ar mo chuing `I take on myself to punish you', Content. xxvii 11 . c.¤ lobair .i. elenn for in fid in ogaim `corrective of a sick man', Auraic. 5660 (medicine?).

(b) act of hindering, preventing; staunching (of wounds), etc.; remedy, cure : do ch.¤ na fola, Metr. Dinds. iii 344.77 . c.¤ fogla, Cog. 54.9 . dobéraimne robhar ítadh . . . nemfhogbail dige día cusc doib to quench it (i.e. thirst), RC xii 90 § 111 (see deoch coisc below). do chosg bróin `thy sorrow's cure' (of son), Bard. P. 36.§ 8 . ó Mhuire tuccadh a coscc / rop slán cech rosc [i]ma téit `healing', Moling 37 . cosg fiabhrasa `cure of fever', Bard. P. 25.12 . forfhemdhetar a ch.¤ oc bendachtain, LB 123a4 . As legal remedy : ar ni inun cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ leth[ṡ]air 'for the remedy for noble and base and half-noble is not the same', Mar. Dis. 30 § 7 . Some exx. for attrib. g s. belong here; see below.

(c) Attrib. g s.: bean for a fuirmither ainim coisc blemish caused by (physical) punishment, Laws v 292.21 .i. ac a c.¤ co indligthech (i.e. by her husband), 294.18 Comm. cáin chuisc 'the rule of healing', Mar. Dis. 69 (cf. Bechbretha 52 § 6 ). bid crann cuisc Temra a rod to rule T., Lism. L. 2809 . riagail na dighe cuisg 'the rule of the healing drink', Mar. Dis. 69 (cf. Bechbretha 52 § 6b ). gabail cuisc do fer freptha fris imbi c.¤ , Laws i 268. 7 - 8 .i. ag (leg. an) erid bes ag congbail na dighi cuisc fris in fer bis isin freptaidh, 300.25 - 26 Comm. muighi do digh coiscc, BNnÉ 315 § 11 . fan digh cuisg, IGT Decl. ex. 1039 . fuarabair dig cuisc tonnaid, TFerbe 600 . domna coisc 'enough for a cure', CIH i 177.18 , Mar. Dis. 70 . a chomarlid. a ḟer cuisc instructor, LL 31569 (TTr.). fer a choisc a man capable of checking him, ZCP vi 29.32 . suí coisc cach suí, LL 24282 `every sage is a corrective sage', RC xxvi 17 .

(d) With follg. prepp.: gniom a laime do c.¤ diob to prevent them from . . . , TBC St. 3799 . ba c.¤ fairrgi do tractaib ┐ ba c.¤ gaithi fri fudbaid holding back the sea (in list of impossible tasks), BB 411a52 . d'eagla choisg na n-aeiged d'fín, IGT Verbs ex. 677 . sás na n-ainmhianach do chosg dá gcoirthibh, TSh. 6828 . casg aga ar gach anduine control, O'R. Poems 22 . c.¤ . . . on oite for in dalta, Laws ii 348.21 Comm. iad féin do chosg . . . ó bhréithribh, Párl. na mB. 1248 . Note also: a ccosg do chum coimhthechta = exhort them to, RSClára 95a . In phr. do-beir (cuirid) c.¤ for: nírbuch.¤ coir dorratsat forru són gl. correptionis, Ml. 113d7 . c.¤ mbec doberr forsna pecthachu, 51b23 (see Ériu xvii 2 ). c.¤ do tabairt ar chuislennaib na maighdine, Grail 3497 . do bheir an chranncair air imreasanaibh cosg = causeth to cease, Proverbs xviii 18 . ar bhar gcailg ó nach cuiream cosg, Content. ix 11 . cosg do chor ar amharc ainmhianach a shúl, TSh. 7252 .

? culpai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? culpai or dil.ie/13774

n ro rela dam, conda éolach / sairsi ar ch.¤ `the privileges of the collars [whiskers]', Ir. MSS. Ser. i 192.20 ( YBL 196b51 ).

curson

Cite this: eDIL s.v. curson or dil.ie/14019
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cúrsón

n Mainly in glossaries and B. na f. Expld. as sage : a chursoin na ndúar gcaladh, ZCP v 488 § 6 .i. a sáoi na focal crūaidh, n. c.¤ (.i. sáoidh) gearait (.i. eolach) do cosc (.i. tegusc) fand (.i. aineolach), 486 § 6 . c.¤ .i. is coir son Dé, iii 222 § 1 . c .i. ainm suadh, O'Curry 963 ( H 3.18, 415 ). c.¤ .i. sui, 91 ( 66 ). c.¤ senainm d'árracht de, Metr. Gl. 71 . c.¤ e a mbéasoibh brúghadh, Hard. ii 302.4 .i. saoi, n. Fergus . . . / c.¤ comnart cert-trebtha, Leb. Cert.² 156.5 . gur bruidh cliabh ┐ craidhi in cursuin calma, ZCP vi 80.34 . ? caumall caurson cleittine, BB 378b11 ( KZ xxxiii 82.7 ). cúrsón, O'Cl.

1 dag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dag or dil.ie/14139
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: deg, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, degbés, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg-dias, dag, dag, deg-doss, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deagh- folaid, dag, dag- ḟorcitlid, dagforcitlidib, dag, deggnim, dag, dag, deg-impide, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg-óg, dag, dag, dag, deg-rann, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deaghoideas, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, Deg, deg, deg, deg, dethclu, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deaghcho- maoineach, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deighdealbhdha, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deghearghna, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deglenda, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg

adj good. Later deg. Thurn. Hdb. 49 . annag .i. non bonum. dag .i. bonum , O'Mulc. 47 . dag .i. bonus no piscis , ib. 289 . écndag .i. ni dag .i. non bonum , ib. 357 . annach evil, bad , O'D. Suppl. 573 b . dag .i. maith, LB 36 a 24 f.b. .i. maith, ACC § 46 . deach .i. maith, O'D. Suppl. (or = dech). death .i. maith, ACL iii 280 . Often deth-: deth-arrachta, ZCP vi 26.17 . -bertach, 48. 20 . -cluach, 34. 9 . -rígan, 25. 11 . -thapaidh 30. 27 . -thengthach, 50. 33 . Frequently written d┐; occasionally also dath-. Mod. pronounced dé-, dea-, Seanchaint 79 . 205 . Independent use of dag: droch do drochaib, dag do dagaib, Corm. Tr. 61 . dag a dagchomul na céir, ACC 46 . derb dag i mba, ib. a pl. deich treaba dagha (.i. maithi), Ériu ii 4. 5 . Adv. well (Contribb.): sciath aca ar lár a ethair... fo tailfed dag...cethri drond[a] dechenbar, RC xiv 404. 18 .

In composition with a following noun or adjective, Zeuss 857 . Thurn. Hdb. 221 : good, noble, intensive very . For fuller collections s. Acall., Laws, CCath. Index, Todd Nenn., Hom. Leg. Ind.

A dag

:

dag-airle a good counsel Wb. 29 b 17 . isí mo degairle, ACL iii 220. 29 . is derb ropat degairle, TFerbe 280 .

dag-airliud good merit, well-deservingness LU 34 a 16 . 76 a 10 . dag-arliud .i. oca mbí deg-bríathar, TBC-LL¹ 1695 Y. deg-arliud, LU 34 a 16 . RC iv 256 . decchairilleadh, AFM vi 2370. 3 . deg-airilniud, ALC ii 262. 15 .

dag-aiste a good metre . d. in dána, IT iii 106. 2 .

dag-aithrige (MS. dagathrige) a good repentance Cambr. 38 a .

dag-altair good fosterage Laws ii 164. 10 (opp. mialtair, ib. 8 ).

dag-altram id., ib. ii 164. 6 , 19 .

dag-armtha well-armed TFrag. 22. 14 .

dag-bág a good fight : co ndernsat d.¤-báig de, LL 191 a 52 .

dag-banas : trí fostai dagbanais: fosta thengad ┐ gensa ┐ airnberntais (airbertais, v.l.), 'three ways in which a good woman is steady: steadiness of tongue, of chastity and of house keeping' Triads § 180 , Ériu xxviii 155 . dag-ben a good woman, a lady : gruc da .i. dagben, Corm. 17 . degbhen, CCath. 4038 .

dag-bert brave deed ZCP x 363 : tabred dagberta for ar n-imthechta, LU 15 a 5 .

dag-bés a good custom Laws iii 24. 14 . degbés, ZCP viii 113. 7 . Ériu v 130. 48 .

dag-béscnae good behaviour, morality Laws. degbéscnai (g s.) Ml. 85 d 2 . d s. i ndegbæsgnu, ib. 87 d 5 . 105 b 2 .

dag-biad good food O'Mulc. 685 .

dag-bliadain a good year LL 128 b 28 .

dag-boltanach sweet-smelling : lán do lubib dag-boltanchaib, Aisl. Tond. 111 . Cf. degbolad.

dag-briathrach of good words LL 155 b 8 .

dag-cenél a good race LL 279 . ingen óc alaind co ndagcenel ┐ co ndaglégund, RC viii 152 § 3 .

dag-ciall, LL 153 b 14 .

dag-clann a good offspring : Lib. Flav. 23 b 2 , 12 .

dag-coic a good cook : fo lámu dágchoca, MacCongl. 93. 18 .

dag-comairle a good counsel Wb. 29 a 21 . degch. AFM 26. 17 .

dag-comairlid a good adviser : dia deghchoṁairlighibh AFM v 1862. 3 .

dag-cride a good heart, generosity : dagcraidib, ACL iii 235. 32 . deagh-, ITS x 200 .

dag-dán a good gift, poem, art : saer daer dagdana, Laws v 96. 10 . rogab gnimu dailim do airim a degdán, BB 382 a 6 .

dag-dess good and comely , Gorm. Mar. 31 .

dag-dia good god (etymological gloss on Dagda) LU 32. 25 . LL 266 b 38 .

dag-dias a good pair Gorm. Oct. 26 . deg-dias, Feb. 11 .

dag-dond: ben Néill in druing dagduind, LL 139 a 42 .

dag-doss a good bush Gorm. Jan. 7 . deg-doss, Mar. 3 , May 18 .

dag-duine a good man, a brave man, a nobleman, a righteous man ( Donlevy, passim ). Wb. 6 b 23 . 18 c 14 . i coimthecht dagdóine, ib. 16 d 2 . carid dagdoini, 27 d 11 . dag- : Ériu i 215. 12 . TFrag. 144. 2 ; 204. 16 . Lib. Flav. 27 a 1 . 35 . deg-duine, LU 53 a 8 . degdáine, MR 224. 15 .

dag-eire a good (i.e. heavy) load LU 64 b 22 . 89 a 15 . 95 a 35 . RC xiv 54. 6 . degeire deise no trír, Acall. 3942 .

dag-éirge good rising-up : ar-dlegat a ndaigéirge 'they are entitled … to their good rising [before them]' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 130 § 13 . dag-Eogan brave Eogan LL 130 a 39 .

dag-eolach well-informed ZCP iv 235. 4 .

dag-éraic a good mulct : nenaisc d. a mucc foraibh, Lism. L. 319. 16 .

dag-ḟeidm good use Ériu ii 4. 7 . deg-, Todd Lect. vi p. 99 .

dag-ḟer a nobleman, a gentleman, a brave : oirchinnig ┐ daigfir ┐ tóisig, Alex. 442 . ar galaib dagfer, LL 203 a 37 . AU i 254. 9 . LL 156 b 23 . 158 a 381 . deghfir, BB 385 b 7 . Acall. 1033 . KMMisc. 264. 13 ; 272. 9 . dagḟer, degḟer, Gorm. Ind. do degferaib ┐ do degdáinib, LL 227 a 23 . deghfer dana a good poet AFM iii 598. 17 . deghḟer labhra a good speaker, ib. ii 1136. 14 .

dag-ḟeras : tréde faillsiges cach ndagḟeras: dán, gaisced, crésine, there are three things which reveal that a man performs his functions well: a special gift, valour, piety Triads § 196 , Ériu xxviii 155 . cach ndagḟeras .i. gach feidhm nó gníomh iomlán nó feramhuil 'every activity or full or manly deed' Triads 41 , Ériu xxviii 155 . dag-ḟethal, SG 84. 37 .

dag-ḟial good and modest Gorm. Jan. 30 , Aug. 7 .

dag-ḟind very fair , ib. May 15 , Dec. 11 .

dag-ḟolad great wealth Laws iv 298.2 ; v 70. 10 . deagh- folaid, ib. ii 308. 26 .

dag-ḟorcetul good instruction LB 12 b 126 . Hence dag- ḟorcitlid a good teacher. d pl. dagforcitlidib, Wb. 11 b 6 .

dag-gním a good deed Wb. 6 a 8 , 6 a 11 , 10 a 17 , 33 a 17 . a doughty deed LU 61 a 15 . deggnim, Ml. 14 b 15 . CCath. 1190 . Cf. deggnímrad valiant deeds ZCP iii 28. 13 . i n-dagnimrathib, Thes. ii 244.32 .

dag-ime a good fence Laws iv 126. 24 .

dag-impide a right, proper request : is cóir daigimpigi duit ar nidad dichumaing, Anecd. i 11. 13 . deg-impide AFM 1132. 8 .

dag-imradud a good intention : forbe in dagimrata, Wb. 3 d 5 (opp. drochimr., ib.).

dag-ingen a good daughter LL 138 b 23 .

dag-ingnad very strange : diamair d., LL 157 b 28 .

dag-laech a brave hero : adchiu d.-u in beth[a] (sic leg.) ZCP iii 46. 14 . deglaech, MR 224. 14 . do deglaech ┐ do degóc, LL 100 b 16 .

dag-laechdacht, LU 67 a 31 = TBC-LL¹ 1050 .

dag-léigend, RC viii 152 § 3 .

dag-less good profit, especial weal Acall. 3772 . doghéna dháibh bur ndeigleas, Acall. 3606 .

dag-lind good time LL 129 a 47 .

dag-lóg a good price SR 5836 .

dag-mac a good son or boy MR 136. 10 . deaghṁac léighinn a good student Donlevy 456. 16 (= scolaire maith 458. 29 ). ML 58. 2 .

dag-máin benefit : is éicrichnichthe donindnigsom a dagmóini, Wb. 28 a 17 . Alex. 926 , 930 . inna degmáini, Ml. 27 a 6 . a seoit ┐ a degmáini, Cog. 18. 18 . Ériu ii 2. 3 , 9 .

dag-menmae hilarity, jollity Mon. Tall. 143. 5 . Cf. deg-menmnach, LL 155 b 47 .

dag-mian a good mind Gorm. Jan. 26 . BB 48 a 40 . YBL 314 b 20 .

dag-mór very big Gorm. Sept. 11 . degmór, ib. May 20 , Nov. 20 , July 30 . samaigis stacci direccra degmaru forsna beraib, MacCongl. 63. 2 .— Gaul. Dagomārus, npr. m.

dag-naidm a good security : fal fosuidigthear dag-nadmaim, Laws v 506. 11 . Anecd. iii 29. 6 .

dag-nár good and bashful Gorm. Mar. 26 , May 9 , Nov. 26 .

dag-nem good heaven ib. June 5 .

dag-nia a brave hero : dagnia derg, Rawl. 116 b 12 .

dag-nóisech: do dlighid dian daghnoisech, Anecd. ii 75. 2 .

dag-nuachar, LL 157 a 6 ; a noble mate, ZCP x 363 .

dag-óc a goodly youth, a brave warrior TBC-LL¹ 1263 . 1640 Y. TFrag. 1062 .

dag-óg a good virgin Gorm. July 2 . deg-óg, Jan. 6 , Oct. 17 .

dag-phreceptóir a good teacher Wb. 4 a 2 .

dag-rád speaking well of Gorm. May 17 .

dag-rāith a good security Laws i 118. 21 .

dag-rann a good stanza Gorm. Jan. 31 , LL 7 a 48 . deg-rann, LL 10 b 41 . 153 b 15 . BB 382 a 6 .

dag-rath good grace or luck, full prosperity Gorm. Feb. 26 . Fearna mór mílib d. (g pl.) AFM ii 576. 3 . cúig bliadna déc fa degrath, Cog. 140. 20 .

dag-riar, Mart. Don. Introd. 37 . Donlevy, pass.

dag-riattae well-trained Leb. Cert. 160. 2 .

dag-rosc a good eye (of sight), Corm. 689 Y.

dag-rún a good resolution, purpose, a good end : ar do dagrúin ndrechaig, ZCP viii 232 . TBC-LL¹ 1695 Y. co ngeib d. degmessa, LU 76 a 9 . degrún, BB 375 a 31 .

dag-ṡégdae majestic, sublime : ic mac Dé dagṡégdai, Rawl. 69 a 24 . deighṡeghdha, BB 9 a 15 .

dag-ṡén good luck SG ii 469. 11 . degṡén, Top. Poems 40. 6 .

dag-ṡochor good profit : bidh co d. re fód danacul ar nóg ar ég, ZCP viii 227 .

dag-ṡoillsigud a good illumination ZCP iii 222. 2 f.b.

dag-thapaid very quick, active, expert : an drong dhánata dh. dhíscir dhenmnedach, ALC i 412. 6 . dorónsat comlainn fic[h]da...degthapaid, IT ii2 141 (l. 477) . ML 28. 4 . bulli na láma deisi degth., Cog. 194. 8 . go dian-deghth. AFM 2318. 4 . deg-thapad vigour MR 318. 14 . deg-thapa = d.¤-thapaid: dosgiobadar a longa...go d., Atlantis iv 166. 22 .

dag-theist bonum testimonium Wb. 25 a 18 . deg-theist for chach, LB 260 b 81 .

dag-thimthach: dobert d. imbi, LL 117 b 36 .

dag-thír a goodly land Imr. Br. (of the Ir. Elyseon). deg-t., CRR 4 . BS 54. 4 .

dag-thorthech abounding in fruit: sam sogar .i. is d. in samrad, LL 188 a 32 .

dag-thrian a good third : a d. mo chuarta sa, Fen. 168. 13 .

dag-thuath: dúnadach cech d., LL 344 c 13 .

B deg (see also 1 dag):

deg-accomul a good union Laws ii 362. 3 (= soaccomol, l. 4 ).

deg-adbae a goodly dwelling ZCP viii 207. 3 .

deg-adbar good material, one well fitted to be: Niall ...d. táisigh na Trí Tuath, ALC i 529. 15 . Donnchad... d. rí[g] Érenn, ALC i 558. 10 , ib. 598. 11 . AFM iii 396. 14 , ib. iv 722. 8 .

deg-aes: triar d.-a dána three of the goodly men of science CRR § 30 . BS 52. 9 . good, auspicious age: d. éisgi, MR 106. 14 .

deg-aichnech well informed : d. aithnech ar gach ealadhain, AU iii 530. 4 . BB 62 a 34 .

deg-aicned a noble nature, benevolence CCath. 5480 . SG i 54. 31 . d s. degaicniud, LB 273 b 71 . SG 54. 31 . deaghaigneadh, Donlevy 472. 8 .

deg-ainm, BB 370 b 23 .

deg-airde a favourable sign : dommí co ndegairdib, ACL iii 221. 6 . dertbais d. dílend | senchas senaibni Hérend, LL 5 b 39 .

deg-airiltnidh a good earner AFM 2220. 3 .

deg-aisse: ic loscud Muman massi | ba suach dond d., LL 375 a 14 = ba subach don degaisse, ACL iii 304 § 7 , ZCP x 363 .

deg-aite a good foster-father; a good teacher MR 298. 9 ; 314. 4 . d.-oide faoisidine, Donlevy 338. 23 . d. -oidigheadh foghluma, ib. xxi 1 . Cf. deg-aites good education, good teaching. deaghoideas, Donlevy 336. 16 ; xviii 5 ; xix 13 .

deg-aithne a good knowledge SG 354. 22 .

deg-aithrige good repentance AFM 1000. 21 .

deg-aithris a worthy imitation ZCP viii 216. 15 .

deg-amos a brave hireling soldier Ériu i 94. 1 .

deg-amrae good and wonderful, specially wonderful: Cathbad drái d., Acall. 2543 . CRR § 30 .

deg-anacol a goodly protection Ériu v 84. 13 .

deg-arm: ni dlig degairm fer cin gliaidh, Harl. 5280, 14 a . MR 224. 14 .

deg-armach well-armed Acall. 2134 (v.l. datharmach, p. 291 ).

deg-armáil a good armament AFM 2272. 9 .

deg-arrachtae very brave ZCP vi 26. 17 .

deg-árus a good house SG 303. 30 . ITS x p. 200 .

deg-ass good milk LU 25 b 16 .

deg-athach a good vassal : ropo deglaech degathaig, TFerbe 691 .

deg-athair a good father LL 385 b . BB 127 b . MR 118. 3 . Acall. 2005 .

deg-athardae goodly patrimony AFM 1640. 9 .

deg-atmáil a good confession Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330. 6 .

deg-bág a good fight Gorm. May 12 .

deg-bail, RC viii 350 ; good luck, ZCP x 363 .

deg-baile a good village, a good steading : dún nó dingna nó d., Moling 8. 10 . ITS x p. 200 . a dunib ┐ a degbaledib Sachsan, AB A.D. 1014 .

deg-bárc, OCT 9.4 .

deg-barr: adram do rígh na ndúile | do dh. dian (leg. dín) ar ndaine (na ndóine, Lec.) BB 24 b 48 ( ZCP x 363 ). Acall. 1114 .

deg-bás a happy death Donlevy 364. 15 ; 322. 18 .

deg-bélrae good speech : sulbaire degbelrai, Ml. 89 c 16 .

deg-bertach virtuous : a ridiri dethbertach, ZCP vi 48. 20 .

deg-bethach virtuous Gadelica ii 97. 21 .

deg-bethu a virtuous life : co rís degbethaid glan glé, Moling 52. 21 . do forbadh a dheighbhetha[dh], AFM 456. 10 ; 526. 9 . a comfortable existence BS § 18. 18 .—Cf. Gaul. Dago-bitus, npr. m.

deg-blad good fame : ní fo d. co nirt nua, LU 16 a 3 .

deg-blas a good taste : dobheir sé (sc. an salann) deaghbhlas dó (sc. don bhiadh), Donlevy 442. 24 .

deg-blasta savoury ZCP ii 252. 14 .

deg-bolad a good odour ZCP ii 252. 14 .

deg-bráthairse a good brotherhood ZCP viii 318. 28 .

deg-buaid a good victory Gorm. Feb. 24 . na d.-buada, LL 44 b 4 .

deg-bualad a violent beating SG 272. 4 .

deg-buide deep yellow : erla d. on cluais co céli do, Acall. 4080 n. .l. urla nd., ib. 4942 n.

deg-buiden a good host : toesech na degbhuidne, LL 100 b 14 .

deg-cairdech: bi d. im fadbail lochta fira, Laws ii 280. 16 .

deg-calmae very brave MR 284. 26 .

deg-caratrad a good friendship LL 72 .

deg-cerdach fully skilled SG 307. 39 .

deg-ces a good hive : narab drochcis i ninad deigh-ceasach, Laws iii 438. 8 .

Deg-chairdil npr. m. Anecd. i 42 .

deg-cinniud a good decision : rocinnit tra deighchinnte iomdha isin coṁdháil hísin, AFM ii 1164. 3 .

deg-clár a good board : ic dathugad a d., TTr. 137 .

deg-clu a good reputation, good fame Laws iii 22. 32 , 33 . dethclu, ZCP vi 24. 12 .

deg-cluach of good renown ZCP vi 34. 9 .

deg-cobrach very helpful (of God) SG 21. 5 .

deg-codnach a man of sound mind Laws ii 70. 4 , 10 .

deg-coemna good protection : ni bhidh imorro díon no d. a tuaith nó a termonn, ALC 5781 .

deg-coimét a good protection KMMisc. 314. 27 .

deg-commaid good comradeship ZCP iii 5. 3 .

deg-commáin a good communion : g s. deaghcho- maoineach, Donlevy 252. 9 ; 254. 31 .

deg-creic a good sale Laws ii 284. 8 ; iv 88.16 .

deg-cridech good hearted : fer dercech d., ALC i 538. 15 . deaghchroidheach, Donlevy 62.19 .

deg-culaith a noble suit : dochóirigh deaghchulaith Ṁanannáin uime, Atlantis iv 214.25 . OCT 54.2-3 .

deg-daingen very strong Acall. 5290 .

deg-daire, LL 385 b , c . BB 127 b .

deg-dál a good meeting BB 281 a 17 . Gorm. Aug. 17 . Ériu iv 136. 8 . BS 90. 2 .

deg-dath a good colour : do dheargór dheaghdhatha ML 110. 29 .

deg-dathach well-coloured TTr. 1365 .

deg-debaid a hard fight LL 101 a 4 .

deg-delb a good shape : im febas a d.-a, TFerbe 367 . Hence deighdealbhdha, AFM v 1400. 3 . SG 8. 29 .

deg-dénmach well-made : dabach dígrais d., B. Fermoy 141 a . étaigi dígraissi d.-a, TTr. 167 . ITS x p. 200 .

deg-dénmusach well-built SG 302. 28 .

deg-dénom good building, shape : ar dilsi ┐ d. (of a ship), TTr. 120 . comeliness SG 353. 38 . ar dheilbh ┐ ar dh., ALC i 544. 22 .

deg-dígainn very abundant Acall. 342 .

deg-dígal a good revenge RC xi 444. 32 .

deg-dín a good protection : diar ndegdin, Gorm. Feb. 21 .

deg-dliged a good right, a good reason : narmtar co ndegdligedaib dia frithtuidecht, Ml. 16 b 6 . Laws iv 320. 13 .

deg-dlúith very close : buale d. di sciathaib, TTr. 609 .

deg-doé a good hand : a dheg-dóid ndeis, ML 146. 18 .

deg-doilges a goodly sorrow Donlevy 272. 18 .

deg-domnach, used of Easter Sunday ZCP viii 207. 1 .

deg-dorn a good fist (Gaul. Dagodurnus CIL iii 12014. 242 ). BB 275 b 21 .

deg-drong a good troop Gorm. Aug. 9 .

deg-druin good and shrewd : Fatuel d. diada, ib. Ap. 5 .

deg-dul a good way LL 282 b 2 .

deg-dún a good fortress : a medon gach d.-duine, Tig. A.D. 1022 .

deg-einech good hospitality : ní thainic... neach do dearsccaighfedh de ar... dh., AFM 1906. 4 . g s. ben derlaic-theach theach deigheinigh, AFM 724. 6 . in toclach daibir deigeinig, Acall. 3289 . generous : in toenchléirech is diadha ┐ is deighenaigh (-aighe ?) do bhí i nErinn na aimsir féin, ALC i 526. 22 .

deg-Éiriu good Ireland MacCarthy 430. 7 f.b.

deg-engnum a doughty deed Cog. 182. 14 . YBL 317 a 10 .

deg-eol a good knowledge Rel. Celt. ii 220. 28 . Cf. dageolach.

deg-ergnae goodly wisdom : deghearghna, ZCP 199. 15 .

deg-erlabrach of good speech Hugh Roe 54. 15 .

deg-ḟaebrach sharp-edged : claideb cruaid ... ise daingen d., BB 476 b 44 .

deg-ḟaitches reverence Donlevy 358. 15 .

deg-ḟál a good hedge or fence : Sinuna druin d., Gorm. Sept. 2 .

deg-ḟeichemantae, MR 278. 17 .

deg-ḟéil a good festival Gorm. Jan. 18 .

deg-ḟeithmeóir, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330. 2 .

deg-ḟéth a goodly appearance : rathaigit na manig d. in chlerig, Lism. L. 303. 22 . sonus ┐ d. tria bithu dḟir thinaid, ib. 32 .

deg-ḟid: epe cacha feada acht fid nemead no degfidh, Laws v 474. 7 . degfid .i. fid de fid, ib. 476. 3 . For de-ḟid, deid, q.v.

deg-ḟledach: co teg Aeda d. fledaig, LL 301 a 45 .

deg-fogur a good sound BB 324 a 37 .

deg-ḟonaidm a good agreement, bond. d. trebaire, Laws v 508. 11 .

deg-ḟonn good pleasure ACL iii 154.15 .

deg-ḟota very long Acall. 779 .

deg-ḟrecrae a good answer Todd Lect. iv 191 .

deg-gein a good birth SG 18. 31 .

deg-glór, CCath. 3049 .

deg-gnáth rhyming with cách, LL 129 a 37 .

deg-gneach of good countenance Thr. Ir. Gl. xli .

deg-gnímaige, MR 142. 8 .

deg-grés a propitious incident Acall. 3841 .

deg-guide a good, proper entreaty . cen digide .i. cen dedguide o briathraib, Laws ii 390. 3 .

deg-innscnech affable AU iii 242. 21 .

deg-labarthach well-spoken : dochan Colom Cille gu d. in duan so, BB 31 a 21 .

deg-lainn: Nuadha deghlainn diadha, Gorm. Feb. 19 , cf. Stoke's note ib. p. 268 .

deg-láith: d. gaile good heroes of valour CRR § 34 .

deg-lám embroidery Caithr. CC 72. 21 .

deg-lámach handy, dexterous : Nuadha d., Cóir Anm. § 7 . Subst. good spear-casting Acall. 5112 .

deg-lámaid dexterous Ériu iv 118. 14 , 18 .

deg-lámdae handy, skilful (in embroidery): ingen. . . bud dechlámdai di ingenaib Hérenn, LU 122 a 21 (cf. ZCP iii 231. 27 ). Subst. handiwork, embroidery : bátar side oc fogluim druine ┐ deglámda la hEmir, LU 122 a 15 (cf. ZCP iii 231. 21 ).

deg-lepaid a good bed OCT 49 § 54 .

deg-lígdae resplendent Ériu iv 94. 1 .

deg-lín a good (i.e. high) number Acall. 4859 .

deg-lind a good drink. g s. deglenda, O'Dav.

deg-lucht: a d. lenamhna his faithful followers AFM 2264. 2 .

deg-macacht, ZCP viii 111. 28 .

deg-maisech very beautiful SG 234. 34 ; 269. 8 . Sechrán 205 .

deg-maith very good co degmaith, LL iii 15154 ; subst. a nobleman : degmaithi Erend, TBC-LL¹ 2224 Y. Ériu iii 143 § 5 . LL 158 a 9 f.b.

degmaithesach of good worth : ba haill daineach digbalach deagmaithisach e 'he was a prominent person with a large retinue, destructive [to enemies], and of goodly worth', AI 406 (s.a. 1311.5) .

deg-meirge a good ensign ITS ix 126 .

deg-meisnig courageous : ionnsaighitt iad co deighṁ. AFM 1322. 12 .

deg-mesc very intoxicating : di medanaib d.-a, TTr. 164 .

deg-mess, LU 76 a 9 . TBC-LL¹ 1695 .

deg-mín good and gentle Gorm. Jan. 11 .

deg-moch very early Páidín, p. 4 .

deg-molad a good praising SG 341. 2 . Ériu v 76. 26 .

deg-mucc a good pig RC xii 64 § 26 .

deg-muinter goodly folk ZCP viii 209. 20 .

deg-muirn great courage, pride : Feidlimid ... u. bl. deg fa d., BB 61 a 43 .

deg-nath a good poem : triar aile diar delbus d., LL 137 b 50 .

deg-nert good strength Gorm. Mar. 20 .

deg-nós a good custom Donlevy 444. 14 .

deg-nuall a good shout : .iiii. scéith datha is d., BB 281 a 16 .

deg-nue good and fresh (as an epithet for an eye) ITS x p. 200 .

deg-óc a good warrior Gorm. May 18 . LL 100 b 16 .

deg-óclaech id. ni raibe acht da .xx. degoclach, AU i 548. 3 .

deg-oeb good beauty : degaeb, Gorm. July 18 .

deg-óidech very attentive SG 11. 28 .

deg-oirdned good ordination Gorm. July 4 .

deg-ól a good drink Fen. 248. 11 .

deg-opair a good work Donlevy, pass. OCL p. 33 .

deg-ord a good service : iar cceilebhradh d.-uird, RC xxvi 372. 20 .

deg-ordaide well-ordered AU iii 336. 19 .

deg-oslaicthe wide open : gur bho dlochtana d. na dainginscéith, ML 136. 8 .

deg-phendand good penance : décc iar ndeighph. ┐ iar naithrighi, AFM ii 906. 14 . ib. 1062. 9 .

deg-ráithe a good quarter (of a year): a sé décc as d. sixteen years and a quarter AFM iv 694. 2 .

deg-recht a good law : farcha dlúthaighthe gach d.-a ALC i 486. 16 .

deg-réid good and smooth Gorm. Dec. 23 .

deg-rí a good king . Gorm. Jan. 26 . Aug. 5 . atchiu degríg ndeg-Lagen, LL 48 a 40 . ib. 153 a 45 , b 6 .— Gaul. Dago-rix, npr. m.

deg-rígain a good queen ZCP vi 25. 11 .

deg-rind a good constellation MR 112. 22 .

deg-rith a good running : do druim degretha, SG 283. 29 .

deg-ruiri a good sovran : tecat fir Hérenn uili co Dálach in degruiri, LL 27 a 21 .

deg-ṡaire: d. lebarda well-composed books Laws iii 88. 9 .

deg-ṡamail a good likeness Meyer Prim. 60 a .

deg-scél good news , opp. to drochscél, Cog. 32. 21 .

deg-scip, ZCP v 489 § 15 (.i. deslám).

deg-ṡerc sometimes written for de-ṡerc, dérc ( Mon. Tall. 159. 1 ).

deg-ṡét precious treasure : mḟer dingbála degṡeoit, TFerbe 481 .

deg-ṡíl a good or noble seed : rí deigtṡil Duibhne, Edinb. viii 26 a 1 .

deg-ṡín good weather : bliadan tra ṡuthach co ndeghsín AU ii 48. 16 . ib. 80. 10 . bliaduin tsuthach...go ndeightsín ALC i 78. 6 .

deg-ṡluag a valiant host : ina ndírim d.-sluaigh, Cog. 216. 3 .

deg-ṡuattae well sewn : lethair d., LL 77 a 47 .

deg-thabairt a good giving SG 269. 14 . Cf. deghthabhartha suas well brought up Rel. Celt. ii. 206. 26 .

deg-thacrae a good argument Todd Lect. iv 191 .

deg-thairise well-established : síth mór daingen d.-i do dénum, AU ii 542. 7 = AFM iii 650. 1 . faithful, trusty : do pfocaib codil...d.-i, IT ii2 136 (l. 359) .

deg-thalland a good talent : degthimthrechta ┐ degtallanda, Ml. 69 c 2 .

deg-thám a good death Gorm. June 5 .

deg-thásc, SG 262. 7 .

deg-thengaid a good speaker, advocate : muna roib aca comet in d., Laws i 84. 16 .

deg-thengthach well-spoken : fer dána d., ZCP vi 50. 33 .

deg-thenn very strong : dúine deightheanna, Acall. 936 .

deg-thermonn a good asylum : dín ┐ d., ALC i 518. 9 .

deg-thidnacul a good gift Ériu iv 24. 13 .

deg-thimthirecht a good service : degthimthrechta ┐ degtallanda, Ml. 69 c 2 .

deg-thoirbert a goodly gift : ar troma a dhuas ┐ a dh. AFM v 1608. 7 .

deg-thóisech a good chief : degthoesech na buidne LL 100 b 17 . deaghthaoiseach, Top. Poems 24. 10 .

deg-thor a good multitude : buaidh cech d.-t[h]uir AFM ii 600. 14 . ib. 612. 17 .

deg-threb a goodly tribe : eiter cealla ┐ congbhála daoine ┐ deighthrebha crodh ┐ cethra, AFM i 454. 11 . Cf. degthrech.

deg-thromm very heavy Acall. 4954 .

deg-thuarastal good pay or wages AFM v 1814. 9 .

deg-ualach a good load ITS x p. 200 .

deg-Ulltach a brave Ulsterman : díne d., MR 220. 19 .

deg-ord a proper service : is cōir degurd do dēnam, Ériu i 44. 9 , 13 .

C In verb. cpds. deg:

deg-brissim I break well Acall. 1810 n. bar dindgna do degbrisiud, LL 225 a 25 .

deg-cóirigim I arrange well MS. Mat. p. 495 .

deg-cummaim I shape well: delb...derscnaigthi da cach deilb dar degcumad, MR 186. 25 .

deg-dénam: ronert co mor a maccu immon cocad do d., LL 228 b 12 .

deg-diglaim I avenge fully: rodegdiglad a bráthair leis, Cog. 100. 26 .

deg-ḟetur: rod. I know well IT iii 89. 6 .

deg-fognaim I serve well: Dia dia ndegḟognand LL 145 b 40 .

deg-rúnaigim I give good advice Ériu iii 162 § 14 .

deg-ṡeolaim I direct well: rodírgedh ┐ rodegṡeolad cruadhurchar cuca cacha certdhírge, MR 266. 5 .

deg-ṡocraim I establish firmly: rodhaingnigh ┐ rodheghṡocraidh...sin, ALC ii 354. 11 .

deg-therbaim I separate well Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 30 .

deg-thidnaicim I present well RC viii 348. 16 .

deg-thocbáil: a dhalta do dh. os cách, ALC i 552. 31 .

deg-thullim I deserve well: rodegthuill mór nualand nard, LL 137 b 14 .

deccair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deccair or dil.ie/14860
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: decair, , decair, decrai, deccra, decra, deacra, deacraidhe, deacraí, deacracha, deccraib, decraib, deacraib, decrachaibh, decra, deacra, deacra, deacaire, deacraide, Deccair, deacraí, deccar-brat, fír-deccair, lán-deccair, sír-deccair

i, adj. and subst. Usually deccair in old MSS: Ériu iv 104 2 LL. SR 5823 . LL 192 b 11 f.b. Ériu v 221. 12 LL. TFerbe 439 . Acall. 6593 . decair, LB 272 b 23 . RC xi 131. 4 . SG 217. 27 . Snedg. u. Mac R xi 3 . Rawl. 165 b 12 . CCath. 4508 . Mod. MSS deacair.—g s. decair SG 275. 2 f.b. Now pronounced diŏcair with the same open o-sound as in beag. SUBST. g s. decrai, LU 131 b 16 . n p. deccra, LL 44 b 4 ; 201 a 13 . Dinds. § 9 . decra, LL 30 a 34 . deacra, Ériu i 20. 8 . Mod. deacraidhe, deacraí ( Aesop ii 100 b ). a p. deacracha, Lib. Flav. ii 10 b 2. 5 . d p. deccraib, LL 152 a 3 . decraib, Gorm. Sep. 25 . Lism. L. xxx 2 . deacraib, YBL 326 b 2 . Laws v 232. 23 . BS § 39, l. 23 . decrachaibh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 334. 1 (early 16th-century poem).—COMP. decra, SG 260. 32 . Reg. San. 28. 1 , 2 f.b. deacra, Ériu i 95 § 50 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344. 8 . Donlevy 156. 10 . MOD. deacra and deacaire ( Páidín 14. 9 f.b. ). With -de: deacraide, TSh. 257. 26 . BS 54. 10 .—Deccair rhymes with lepaid, TFerbe 439 ; LL 194 b 36 ; Ériu v 221. 12 (LL).

ORIGIN: Regularly developed from †di-accair, i.e. privative di + †accor (compare tacar and cuirithir `places'); cf. decmaing, 2 deithbir, deinmne. Cf. socair, doccair.

I Difficult, troublesome, hard ; often connected with doilig, díchumaic, díchumaing ( LL 192 b 53 ) and doccair ( BB 305 a 30 ). The opposite of 2 assa(e), airassa ( Donlevy 418.25 ).

(a) usually with the copula, of actions: hard to perform , &c.—qui oblationes...cum difficultate reddunt .i. an dream ...réna deacair a dtabhairt uatha, TSh. 130. 2 . ba decair ┐ ba doilig la clannaib Néill beth oc fulang anforráin Eogain forru, LB 272 b 23 . decair dréim re Pennaibh Pó hard to climb Benbo RC xi 131. 4 . is decair dul i Mantribil, ib. xix 264 § 181 . ní ḟuil ní as decra liom iná gilla do bheith agam, SG 260. 9 f.b. ib. 3 f.b. dobudh dheacra la Doṁnall D. found it harder Ériu i 95 § 50 . ní budh deacra do dhéanaṁ, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344. 8 . is uime sin is decra a ndealughadh ón tes, Reg. San. 28. 2 f.b. — dobudh deacraide dhó, TSh. 257. 26 . is decair dhom labhairt do lomm, Midnight court 391 ; ib. 421 , 845 . an deacair sin do dheunadh? ní deacair atá se coṁfuras sin ┐ &c., Donlevy 418. 25 . ib. 156. 10 ; 180. 10 ; 430. 12 ; 452. 11 ; 456. 3 , 5 f.b. OCT 27.1 f.b. ; 28. 3 f.b. Romans v 7 . MOD. is d., nach d., Finck ii 87. 2 . is deacra ná san maireachtaint a gceart a bhfus, W.K. deacair, P. O'C. Lhuyd (deacar, deaclach sic). Sc. id. HSD. Macd.

(b) attributively to a subst. difficult, troublesome : in gilla decair, SG 260. 3 , 5 f.b. ; 262. 6 , 11 . ní dalb decair, Rawl. 165 b 12 (chev.). foccail doccair deccair, IT iii 65 .

II Hard, hard to bear, grievous , esp. is deccair lim I feel sorry = is doilig lim: fá doiligh ┐ fa deacair leo Goll do bheith san éigean sin, ML 136. 21 . fosglais an buachaill an doras...acht gér dheacair leis é though he was loth to do so Each. Iol., 15. 10 . Cf. Sc. is d. leinn 'achṁasan his reproofs are grievous to us Macd. 314 a 5 . 's d. a Chola brí do sgeoil , HSD s.v. In Mod.-Ir. is d. liom only means `I think it hard.'

III Subst. a difficulty, an embarrassment, a trouble; hardship, distress, affliction . Often connected with such words as ainces, díchumang, doilgius, dúad, 1 esbaid, imṡním, &c.— mór decrai ┐ mór aingcessa do thabairt form, LU 131 b 16 . táthum domna bróin...bith ar lepaid na llæch is deccair is díchumang, LL 192 b 11 f.b. Mo Doe fri decraib, Gorm. Sept. 25 . nír dligh mé méid mo muirni. féch a Dé ár ndecuir ni, O'Gr. Cat. 347. 8 . ní bíth duag ná deccair ar nech intan dochluined in ceol sin, Acall. 6593 ( ib. 6565 n. ) = SG 217. 27 . Alex. 639 . tine dá marbad dá ttáinig a móirdheacra, Ériu i 20. 8 . me um Dhiarmuid lem dhecrachaibh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 334. 1 ; ib. 19 . mé a ndecair sa ndrochonóir le hesbaidh Í Eidirsceoil, 332. 1 . cidh mór nesbaidh fuaramar is mó in decair déighenach, 334. 1 f.b. truagh áṁ nach...romṁarbadh sa resíu nobheinn isin deacair si, BS § 20. 10 . ib. § 39. 1 , 23 . deacair (sic leg.) ┐ doilgheas, TSh. 136. 15 . MOD. deacraí troubles Aesop ii 100 b .

IV Hard to accomplish; strange, rare, wonderful, cf. V. érim ndecair a wondrous course, Snedg. u. Mac R xi 3 (chev.). réim ndeccair, LL 201 b 41 (chev.). ná bad séim do deog deccair, Ériu iv 104. 2 LL. Cf. Sc. is ní deacair a ta an righ ag iarruidh, Dan. ii 11 .

V Subst. a wonder, a marvel (now obs.). deacair .i. iongnadh O'Cl. P. O'C. a mbídh do dhecraibh ┐ do buadhuib i ríghdhúinibh Éirenn, BLism. 96 a . Lism. L. xxx 2 = B. Fermoy 24 a 1 ; cf. Anecd. ii 1. 4 . na deccra na degbúada LL 44 b 4 . Cuan hua Lothchán...eolach i ndeccraib hÉrenn, 152 a 3 . ceti trí deccra rostecht. fer cen chend air, &c., 201 a 13 . trí decra iṅganta i suidiu .i. lathrach ind rígthaige Chormaic lathrach ind Foraid...Múr Tea, 30 a 34 . cf. Dinds. § 9 (deccra). is do deacraib in domuin, Laws v 232. 23 . do deacraib ríg in richid, YBL 326 b 2 . ba deccair taidbsen dia drech, SR 5823 ; cf. ib. 717 . ní dam nā déine deccair, TFerbe 439 ; 'it is something to me which does not cause wonder' ZCP x 380 . dorónsat sluaig deccra de (= ferta), Metr. Dinds. iii 44. 71 . gona dánaib go ndecraib (Lec., sic leg., : Bretnaib), Todd Nenn. 136. 3 . BB 204 b 18 .—Subst. or adj. : conárb ingnad ┐ nár decair fer a maithiusa do ḟreccra ríg, CCath. 4508 . dobíd Buide nír deccair: ┐ Estiu i noenlepaid, Ériu v 221. 12 LL. as suaill daṁna a ndeacra, Hy Fiach. 174 (not `act of wondering' as suggested in Contr.).

VI COMPD. (a) deccar-brat ā, f.: gur scaipeadar mo dheacarbhroid a tír nÉireann, Gadelica ii 109. 8 . dochailleamair mo dheacarbhroid ar bḟírleogain, ib. 110.15 ; v. 1 brat. (a) fír-deccair: cid scél fromtha is f., LL 194 b 36 . lán-deccair very marvellous, a great marvel : Loch Léin is lándeacair leam: ceithri creasa na timcheall, ZCP v 24 st 12 (one of the wonders of Ireland). oen-deccair: a fagaind ón rígraidh sin do buar do brat do bíud: dobéraind ar aendecair daenfear do cét do tríur, ZCP v 23 st 28 . sír-deccair constant hardship, trouble : ní gnáth co menic nach saigthech cen sírdecair, Alex. 639 .

MOD. only usual in the sense of I and III.

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