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2 amm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 amm or dil.ie/3158

 

n n, n.

(a) the human hand: a n-am gl. manus (hominis), Ml. 36c16 . a n-ám gl. manus (eorum ), 33d17 . in nephchumsanad ind aim no hi tengad (leg. ind aimme no intengad, Stokes; illaim no hi tengaid, Strachan), 33d20 . Fig. power, control, etc.: in am .i. hi cumachtæ gl. in manu (regis), Ml. 34c19 . hond ammaim gl. Israhelitarum manu, 36d19 .

(b) band, host: ám gl. fuerit omnis manus hostium caesa, Ml. 36b21 . dían a ṅámmsa (consonating with clandsa, mindsa, frimmsa) `this band', Fél. Dec. 18 . ámna (ám na MS) huathmara na nÉutrustecda, TTr.² 625 .

at-bail(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-bail(l) or dil.ie/4577
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: at-bail, atabail, adbaill, asindbail, -epil, conidapail, atballat, -abbalar, -apallar, eiplet, aipleat, atbailedh, atbaildis, asindbelsa, atbela, asinbela, -eple, -eplet, atroible, -érbala, -érbalam, -ærbalam, -herbalat, atbelainse, asindbelainse, asindbelad, -aipled, -epled, atbelmaisni, at-beltais, -epéltais, -epíltis, conid-erbalad, adbēlsa, atbelai, atbéla, ad-béla, -epéla, -ebbēla, at-belam, -hepelam, atbelaidsi, atbélat, atbelat, -epelat, atbela[d], atbélmis, ó 'tbaltsa, atrubaltsa, átrubalt, adrubalt, -erbalt, attrubaltar, -erbaltatár, epeltu, adbalair, atbailet, ad-bala, -abla, -aplait, -érbalur, aiplium, atbalad, -ablad, -epletis, -aipiltis, -eipeltaisi, -ebelaind, -eibelad, -hapladh, -ebailt, -eipilt, -erbailt, -eplemar, -epletar, abladur, -erbailtar, -erbalus, -erbaltais, -abuil, -eibil, inidabbaill, apail, -atrubull, -erbail, -eurbhail, aplastar, atbailset, hitbath, rotbath, ad- bath, atbath, atbath, ardatmba, arbath, apad, abbad, -abad, apu, -apaidh, asindbathatar, atbathadar, adbathadar, adbatar, adbáithit, apthatar, -apatar, atbatha, aptha, n-aptha, atbathsat, atbathsatt, apthu, eplaid, ablaid, aplaid, eples, eplit, ablur, aplad, aiplemait, aplis, d'éibil

v (*ess-ball-, normally with inf. neut. pron., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 459 ; GOI 267 ). Dies .

Early forms. Indic. pres. 3 s. at-bail, Wb. 4d15 ; Sg. 4b6 . atabail, O'Curry 834 (H 3.18, 381b). rel. adbaill, Wb. 16b11 , Ml. 108a3 . amal . . . asindbail , Ml. 57a10 . -epil, Wb. 30d14 , Sg. 28b20 , 30a3 . Ml. 73d7 . conidapail, Ml. 91d2 . 3 pl. atballat, Wb. 9d5 . Pass. sg. -abbalar, Cáin Ad. 45 . -apallar, 46 . Ipv. 3 pl. eiplet, Ml. 73d7 . aipleat, Ml. 104b2 . Indic. impf. 3 s. atbailedh, Cóir Anm. 72 . 3 pl. atbaildis, BDD² 126 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. asindbelsa, Ml. 48a14 . 3 s. atbela, Sg. 30a3 . Thes. ii 7.29 . asinbela, Ml. 38b6 . -eple, Sg. 181a5 . 3 pl. -eplet, Ml. 77a13 . With ro: 3 s. atroible, Cáin Ad. 41 . -érbala, Thes. ii 7.30 . 1 pl. -érbalam, Wb. 4d19 . -ærbalam, Ml. 107d4 . 3 pl. -herbalat, Ériu vii 140.23 . Subj. impf. 1 s. atbelainse, Ml. 54c33 . asindbelainse, 131b13 . 3 s. asindbelad, 110b9 . -aipled, Ml. 85d8 . -epled, Sc.M² 3 . 1 pl. atbelmaisni, Ml. 96a10 . 3 pl. at-beltais, Ml. 36d16 . -epéltais, 99b2 . -epíltis, 121d16 . With ro: 3 s. conid-erbalad, Fianaig. 36.11 .

Fut. 1 s. atbél, Wb. 10d24 . adbēlsa, TBC-I¹ 1300 . 2 s. atbelai, Irish Texts i 35.23 . atbéla, Trip.² 617 . 3 s. ad-béla, BDD² 1380 . -epéla, Comp. CC 7.23 . -ebbēla, ZCP xii 232 § 43 . 1 pl. at-belam, SR 1556 . -hepelam, 2748 . 2 pl. atbelaidsi, Ml. 29c4 . 3 pl. atbélat, Wb. 1d4 . atbelat, Ml. 57a3 , 102b10 . -epelat, SR 4168 . Condit. 3 s. atbela[d], Ml. 16c10 . 1 pl. atbélmis, Wb. 4d9 .

Pret. 1 s. ó 'tbaltsa, LU 9496 . Perf. 1 s. atrubaltsa, LU 9514 . 3 s. átrubalt, Ml. 144d3 . adrubalt, Vita Br. 31 . -erbalt, SR 5417 . 3 pl. attrubaltar, Ml. 100a1 . -erbaltatár, LU 6288 .

Vn. epeltu.

Later forms. Indic. pres. pass. sg. (or 3 s. depon. act. ?) adbalair, O'D. 1217 (H 2.15, 85). 3 pl. atbailet, RC xiii 452.10 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ad-bala, Anecd. i 7.9 ( SCano 205 ). 3 s. -abla, Ériu iv 64 § 62 . 3 pl. -aplait, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15, 31a ). With ro: 1 s. -érbalur, SR 1260 . 1 pl. na ro aiplium , BB 16b51 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atbalad, -ablad, LL 14045 . -epletis, LB 156a62 . -aipiltis, CCath. 3480 . Fut. 2 pl. -eipeltaisi, BB 16b52 . Condit. 1 s. -ebelaind, RC xxiv 198.6 . 3 s. -eibelad, MR 74.2 . -hapladh, Lism. L. 921 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. -ebailt, RC xvi 416.20 (Tig.). -ebelt, ZCP viii 307.2 . -eipilt, Lism. L. 2327 . -erbailt, SR 5344 . 1 pl. -eplemar, PH 7949 . 3 pl. -epletar, LB 118a45 . gur abladur , RC xii 342 § 36 . -erbailtar (-erboiltídar v.l.) Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 23.26 . With endings of s-pret. 1 s. -erbalus, Todd Nenn. 210.4 . 2 s. -erbaltais, Trip. 458.23 . 3 s. -abuil, Laws i 186.7 . -eibil, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.14 . inidabbaill, ZCP xii 233 § 46 = init apail , AFM i 378.5 . -atrubull, O'D. 1637 (H 5.15, 18a). -erbail, LB 127a44 . -eurbhail, Hy Fiach. 310.5 . as-eubhuil, Celtica iv 148 § 152 . ro aplastar , O'Curry 395 (H 3.18, 220b). 3 pl. atbailset, AFM i 276.7 .

Narrative tense supplied by suppletive verb ad-bath (see GOI 437 , 468 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 460 ). 2 s. (as quasi-fut.) hitbath, Stair Erc. 1308 . rotbath, ZCP xiii 216.10 . 3 s. ad- bath, Laws i 250.27 . atbath, LU 9805 . ar don bath .i. atbath airund, LU 592 ( RC xx 162 , ACC). ? ardatmba (ardatbath v.l.), Corm. Y 323 . arbath, LL 6698 ( RC xxix 211 § 1 ). conid apad , LU 4916 (TBC). -appad, 5356 (ib.). conid abbad , LL 250b25 . -abad, LL 15936 . conid apu , RC xii 68 § 34 . -apaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 14.8 . Cf. rotbath, Ériu iv 64 § 63 . 3 pl. asindbathatar, Ml. 36d10 . atbathadar, RC x 72.9 . adbathadar, Laws iv 266.13 . adbatar, Aen. 1368 . ? adbáithit, AFM i 500.22 . conid apthatar , LU 6665 (TBC). -apdatar, LL 238 . -apatar, RC xiv 243.37 . With forms of pret. pl. pass. atbatha, Ml. 98b8 (but see note). condid aptha , AU i 328.9 ; RC xi 450.119 . co n-aptha , YBL 58b4 . With ending of s-pret.: atbathsat, LU 3568 ( SCC 29 ). atbathsatt, Hugh Roe 318.17 .

Vn. apthu.

As simple vb. eplaid, ablaid. Indic. pres. 3 s. aplaid, IT iii 322.19 . rel. eples, LB 150a53 . 3 pl. eplit, LB 159a26 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ablur, Aen. 856 . Subj. impf. 3 s. no aplad , LL 22296 . 2 pl. na ro eiblead sib, YBL 144b37 . Fut. 1 pl. aiplemait, RC xxiv 249.20 . Pret. 3 s. aplis, LU 7923 . d'éibil, Ó Bruad. ii 184 xxiv .

Special uses. Of things: vanishes, perishes, disappears: amal arindchrin dǽ ┐ asindbail gl. omnis eorum elatio . . . deperit, Ml. 57a10 . esba .i. es a báa .i. roheplad a maith, Corm. Y 517 . manid epled ní airi though nothing of it should perish(?), Sc.M² 3 . adbath fir Feiniu, Laws i 250.27 . atbath borg tromm Temra / la tairthim a flathe `T . . . . has perished', Fél. Prol. 166 . atbail dliged a creidme, Ériu i 218 § 2 . inid apad Oreb de, SR 5307 . co n-erbalat . . . a haccobrai, PH 7111 .

In legal sense lapses, is forfeit: intī troisces tar taircsin reir[e] do, at-baill a dligid a fuighiull Fene i.e. his suit is no longer actionable, is ipso facto quashed, ZCP xv 261 § 5 . rucus aithni cen taisec . . . ba deithbir ar ba la indile cāich las-mbōe ind aithne atrubalt `ist . . . untergegangen', 352 § 41 . atbaill leth ó ḟaill (n)éc(s)macht (of a payment), Críth G. 275 . tri ái nad eplet faill which do not lapse from neglect(?), Triads 153 . trí féich nad eple faill, 256 . atbath in bith uile ar aen uball, Laws i 52.4 ( ZCP xvi 177 ). cisne tri haimsera i n-adapail (inád a.¤ ?) a torad ar cach flaith ? v 450.12 . adbaill a dire ma forfollangtar a gresa, O'Curry 2313 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). for secht nanala epeltur ae eculsa, 2205 ( Eg. 88, 8(9)d ). dia nurthuaisi [in ben] co fa tri atbaill fiach a sleithi, 618 (H 3. 18, 299). ni apuil nech ní ar nos .i. nochon eiplenn ni o neoch ara nos nindligthech, O'D. 576 (H 3.17, 443). adbathadar ar Aengus a thire, O'Curry 2300 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)c ).

In pl. with beóil in sense dies: at-baildis a beóil in tan ad-beiread gaí, BDD² 126 . atbélat do béoil meni aisce úait, TBFr. 304 . nach fer díb do-n-écucus-sa at-bélat a béoil, MU² 976 .

With accompanying acc. or dat. of cause of death: atbelam gorte we shall die of hunger, SR 1556 . ni epéla faill ná ésliss he will not die from neglect or contempt, Comp. CC 7.23 . ad-baill fingail móir . . . for Dollud, ZCP xx 227 § 36 . Also with prep. DI: atbelsa gortai . . . ni erbailt céle Dé riam de gortai ná huacht, Irish Texts i 35.10 ( atbelai gortaide, 23 ). mani eple de, Sg. 181a5 . atbathatar dend aine sin sruithi `old men died of that fast', Mon. Tall. 156.5 . go n-ablator cach do luathcchair so that everyone died from joy, Ériu iv 54 § 24 . atbail ar feile indsein she died from shame, TBC(C) 2497 . With éc: conappad éc n-úalle fort `died in thee a death of pride', Metr. Dinds. ii 12.40 . éc atbath, LL 3060 . éc atbathatar don Budi Connaill, 3068 . is éc at bath rí in Broga `a natural death died the King of the B.', Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 28 . Note also: immusapt[h]atar . . . / re cách ar ndā deogbaire `perished by each other's hand', Fianaig. 12.16 . imapt[h]a dūn `we perished mutually', 12.23 .

beus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beus or dil.ie/5807

 

Forms: beos, beós, bós, fós, beos, beós, béus, bhius, bós, bhós

part also beos. Later beós, bós, fós (see fós). Disyll., Lament 13 , as monosyll., SR 5046. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 271 , 457 . b.¤ in Ml. ( beous, Ml. 77b2 ), beos in Wb., Sg. 201b15 . b.¤ , LU 3395 , beós, 3740 . béus, LL 12521. bhius, TBC-LL¹ 6014. bós, Mon. Tall. 158.32 . bhós allit. with bhás, DDána 34.26 ( fós . . . fúthaibh, 26. 2 ).

(a) still, yet: b.¤ gl. usque (adhúc), Ml. 63a5 . do-b-tromma a n-accobor collnide beos gl. adhuc, Wb. 8c8 . beos gl. adhuc, 14c1 . atbiur beos `I say it still', 9b20 . béus = adhuc, Lat. Lives 52 § 44. ind hí lanamnas atái béus? `art thou still in the married state?' Mon. Tall. 134.25 . baí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir, LU 9035 ( FB 78 ). bá ógṡlan b.¤ it was still whole, 10022 . cundat marthanaig béos still in existence (pillar-stones), MU² 310 (LL). co se b.¤ as yet, LU 5087 (TBC). With neg. ni thucat beos ruín ind rechto `they do not yet understand the mystery of the Law', Wb. 15a34 . ni rochumscigther són beos `it can never be moved', 30b15 . nimda sátech dom cluchi béos, LU 4996 ( TBC-I¹ 508 ).

(b) further; moreover, again; besides, also, in addition: do irgairiu na sainte beos `also to forbid greed', Wb. 12d32 . epert do Duaid b.¤ dombera Dia fortacht dond fiur firíen gl. etiam, Ml. 57c4 . ar cech lau b.¤ gl. (eorum)que, 75d1 . debe tintuda inso b.¤ `this too is a difference of rendering', 65c8 . forberad mu chland b.¤ `further', 88a10 . du adamrugud flatha solman ón b.¤ `to glorify the rule of Solomon again', 90a5 . cid fó cid for beous beme whether we sink moreover or swim, Snedg. u. Mac R 9.14 . dligid bēus (beos, bheós v.ll) cach dothge miscais, ZCP xi 84 § 34g . sruth tentide beos and andside, LU 2112 ( FA 18 ). dambad étaid in fer ca mbeind, nibad chomdas béus that too would not be fitting, TBC-LL¹ 41 ( LL 7586 ). co tarla anfud mór doib b.¤ isin bale cétna `again', Thes. ii 329.6 . lotar ond indsi sin for culu forsin n-ocian beos, RC x 60.5 ( LU 1922 ). dorad beous ár for choblach `also', xvii 419.23 . co ro móti bus ingnad lib beos `that ye may be yet more astonished', PH 3746. bheós = also, RSClára 42a .

With verbs expresses sense of continues, keeps on with the action of the verb: tecmallid dia domnich beos continue to collect on Sunday, Wb. 14a1 . á tinnacul a llaim hi llaim b.¤ that they should be passed on from hand to hand, Ml. 96d6 . aithrus ind anmcharat dia bliadna b.¤ `to consult his confessor once a year regularly', Mon. Tall. 144.2 tictis drecht díb b.¤ `kept coming' (Faraday), LU 5900 ( TBC-I¹ 1432 ). in comram do thairisem b.¤ (beos, v.l., R11), Sc.M² 11. do-das-athiged C. béos (MS.) C. continued to attend on them, MU² 922 (LU). tairissid beos `wait a while', PH 1415.

(c) yet, nevertheless, in spite of that: is fo chétbuid alanaile beos inso this, however (?), is according to the opinion of others, Sg. 201b15 . ní té(i)t a luige ó ḟi[u]r midbotha (?) beos his oath is still that of a f. m., Críth G. 70. ro-cechlastai a toitim in tan labras beóus it (viz. a needle) would be heard falling even when he is speaking (?), BDD² 793. rotmuirbiu[b]- sa beos I shall kill you all the same, Ériu v 72.12 .

cen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cen or dil.ie/8581
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cin, can, gen, gin, gan, chen, cen suidib, cen(a)e, cena, cenut, c(h)enae, cenuib, cenaib, c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana, cenae, cenco

later cin, can, gen, gin, gan (usual modern form). Prep. with accus., leniting. See GOI 111 , 273 , 501 . chen, Sg. 75a1 , 78b2 , 147b3 (so also chen(a)e (see below) regularly in Sg. as against c- in Wb. and Ml., see Thes. ii 154 ). With dat. cen suidib, Ml. 20d3 , and cf. cenaib with 3 pl. suff. pron. below. With accus. in class. lang.: a bheith gan bhú (: chlú), O'R. Poems 252 . In later Vn. constructions of the type: gan an bás . . . do dhol, TSh. 2703 takes noun in nom. (`takes art. + noun in the form of nom., as verbs do', TSh. Gloss.). See TD 3.15 and note. Duan. F. iii s.v. gan.

For usage of late MSS. in matter of follg. lenition see Aithd. D. s.v. gan. cuiridh `gan' séimhioghadh, gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear (sic) d'ogham é, IGT Introd. § 7 . In class. lang. does not prefix t to ṡ, §§ 67 , 70 . Note alliteration in: mé gan ṡeise ó ṡain a-nall, DDána 77.3 , gan ḟolta gan imreasainn, 70.16 .

With suff. pron. in O.Ir. only (apart from 3 s. cen(a)e, cena, for which see below), and rare even here with no forms occurring for 1 s. and pl. 2 s. cenut, Wb. 6b25 . 3 s. m. and n. c(h)enae. 2 pl. cenuib, Wb. 9c2 . 3 pl. cenaib, Ml. 20d4 . Later with follg. indep. pron. (in 3 pers. é, í, iat).

Orig. on this side of (see GOI 501 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 197 ), hence apart from, besides etc. (see I(a) and III below). The usual meaning at all stages of the language is without, deprived of, not having, -less. Freq. with follg. Vn. with which, in its verbal function, it serves as neg. particle (see II).

I

(a) apart from, besides, except : atá brithem and cenutsu gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . atá brithem lasuidib cenuib-si gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . tāthut bith[ḟ]laith . . . / cen a tír i fail do rúaim apart from, Hail Brigit 26 . cé atchetha óinchairptech / . . . / fil mór d'echaib . . . / cen suidi (-e, v.l.) nad aicci-siu besides him, Imr. Brain 39 . ni ettis nech cena domanches except in the case of, LU 3488 ( SCC 26 ). i n-atconnarc . . . / bes atcoad cena slúag in the absence of his army(?), 3323 ( SCC 11 ). cen airitin a cobsen `short of receiving his confession', Mon. Tall. 147.30 .

(b) without, not having, -less (of things, objects, persons): buith cenchlaind, Ml. 23d12 . buith cen chomaccomla, 28d6 . buid cen sétchi, Wb. 10a17 . cen intertpersin, Sg. 161a4 . ni farcbad nech cen dire la Fēne, BCrólige 56 . ro sai cen usci `returned without water', RC xxiv 198.11 . nī anab gan é fēin, Fianaig. 80.4 . bheith don Bhanbha gan bhuachail, TD 10.19 . cin cennaib, cin tsúilib, Maund. 174 .

(c) With noun as in (b) and follg. prep. indicating position, accompaniment, possession: cennech n indib són `without anyone in them', Ml. 131d7 . cenchaille fora ciunn, Wb. 11c9 . cengutai ṅetarru, Sg. 7a4 . cen chonsin re n-os , 105b5 . cenbriathra leo, 215a6 . cona rabi aithles . . . cen mac i n-inad a athar, MU² 133 . gan cheó ortha acht aghaidh each, TD 11.12 .

(d) With abstracts (incl. vnn.): cennach n-astud, Ml. 15a15 . cen fodrúbu gl. sine deflexionum moris, 22a6 . cennach n-indlach gl. sine ulla interruptione, 32a1 . centosach cenforcenn, 110d15 . cen chumsanad gl. sine intermisione, Wb. 25c23 . trechosc conacarbi cenchinta, 27c6 . cen ḟortacht indanmma aili (with subj. gen.), Sg. 30a2 . eitir codlad ┐ cen cotlatt `whether he be asleep or awake', Mon. Tall. 152.4 . dia lleictir can imcoimet `if (such women) be let go without guarding', BCrólige 37 . In sense of unimpaired by, untroubled by etc. see LU 2294 - 99 ( FA 35 ). cen nach tairmesc netir, Hib. Min. 9.279 . bás . . . cen bethaid, PH 4320 . tilid Éirinn gan ainimh, TD 10.11 . 'n-a adhbar rīg gan [fh]resabra, ML² 30 . gan í without it (umhla), RSClára 158a . gan iad, 104b . gan amhrus undoubtedly , Párl. na mB. 6 . gan mhoill immediately , 164 .

(e) With fis: cen fius scél uáibsi `without tidings from you', Wb. 25a5 . cenfius dúib, 25c4 . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.8 ( SCano 50 ). cen a fis doibsom `without their knowledge', Mon. Tall. 146.31 . gan fhios do féin unknown to himself, unwittingly , Párl. na mB. 1385 . gurab gan fhios do ionnsuidh Samson na Filistínigh unexpectedly , TSh. 767 .

(f) Freq. in verse in chevilles and quasi-adj. phrases: ind fir cen uaill, Blathm. 13 . slóig Íssu cen escur, Fél. Prol. 63 . regmi cen nach díchiul, 291 . ceithre fedha, fāth gin gheis . . . , ZCP viii 107.10 . slōg ōss a ucht cen nach socht, 108.15 .

(g) With abstr. and follg. preposition: cen fortacht nachaili oco, Ml. 53a9 . cenfochraic n dam gl. infructuosse, 91b5 . cenchol, fair, 93d1 . nā bī gan gart at gnīomh nglē, ZCP viii 109.9 . cen smacht ríg forro, LU 3441 ( SCC 21 ). ó dho bhí tuigse . . . ag an duine . . . ┐ gan í anois aige, TSh. 2909 . dia mbeth gan do righe la C. acht na nai righa . . . `if C. had no realm save . . . ', ZCP i 402.19 .

II In a variety of constructions with vnn.

(a) With Vn. with verbal force, the whole phrase having the value of an adj. or adv.: nísechmalfam ní and centadal, Ml. 25a3 . canim[ebol] lib ambuid [li]b cenprecept doib ref. to ignorantiam enim Dei quidam habent, Wb. 13c17 . it cairigthi inmaicsi et intuistidi cendethidin dissi `when they do not take care of her', 28d22 . cen tairmthecht opersin dialaili gl. intransitiuum, Sg. 189a7 . uar rombi ind fit . . . cin cumscugud, Mon. Tall. 147.14 . téora bliadna doib . . . cen teacht as, Anecd. i 11.24 ( SCano 356 ). fada an treimhse ataid re a chois / gan tocht dá dtíribh, TD 4.38 . soinend no doinend na haimsire do bidh gan techt, BCC 416.18 . fá h-ár gan áireamh it was a slaughter incalculable, ML 130.24 .

(b) With Vn. and obj. gen.: cenaéitsecht gl. non . . . audire, Ml. 21b11 . batrom foraib són centíchtain átíre fadesin they were distressed at not reaching their own land, 34d12 . cen foraithmet ananmae . . . dam gl. ut etiam uocabula eorum obliuioni tradam, 37c13 . cen a chomallad gl. sub Lege (fuerunt), 76a15 . cid atobaich cendílgud cech ancridi gl. quare non magis iniuriam accipistis? Wb. 9c20 . cena aetarcne riam gl. sine praeiudicio, 29a20 . cenacomol naich aili do gl. `ipse' quoque in tertia persona per se, Sg. 197b17 . cen imcabáil . . . cum nobis do epirt, 203a8 . cia beith cen (gin, MS) gabáil n-orbai, Críth G. 69 . cen a coisecrad `without being reconsecrated', Mon. Tall. 153.15 . ō ro-gabus gāi im láim nad-raba cen guin duini I have never failed to slay a man, Sc.M² 16 . bi gan a thabairt do not swear it (an oath), PH 7343 . gan oba gliadh, TD 26.40 .

(c) With follg. noun or pron. and prep. DO with Vn. (for case of noun in later lang. see above): foilsigthi feisin cen ainm dothórmuch fris `without the addition of a noun to it', Sg. 211a8 . ma ro látar ce[n] ní do ḟacbáil leo, Ériu xvii 66 § 4 . afuine . . . / cenachnáma dobrissiud, SR 3904 . in fer nār c[h]otail énoidchi ríam gan maithes Gall da innluccud da dúintib, ZCP viii 111.13 . ata recht ocaind .i. cen luige do thabairt, PH 2684 . can T. . . . do thegmail dó, TTebe 987 . gan é d'áireamh oramsa, TD 14.9 . Similarly, without vn.: trágh. ráth . . . , inann ┐ so sís acht gan so sís do bainindscne except that the following are not feminine, IGT Decl. § 38 . gan mé aniogh san mhín mhaighrigh since I am not(?), Studies 1921, 568 § 23 . With follg. acht in sense of except that, only , etc.: gan acht coibhche . . . do dháil di `provided he gave her a marriage-portion', Keat. ii 4642 . gan é acht i naois óiglenaib still of tender years, O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan acht neart aoidheadh orra, Content. xxx 26 . do-ghéubha tú sail ad tshúil féin 's gan achd brodh a súil Pharaon only a mote, Mac Aingil 904 .

In a number of exx. in the early lang., and with increasing frequency in the later, the clause introduced by cen assumes the character of a nominal clause functioning as the subject or object of a verb, as a case governed by a preposition, and occasionally even as a genitive depending on a noun. For class. lang. see the analysis in TSh. s.v. gan.

(d) As subject of a verb: isingir lem cenchretim dúib, Wb. 4b28 . isaithiss doibsom cid anísiu .i. cenprecept dondaís anfiss their failure to preach . . . discredits them, 13b11 . cen buith i bar ṅgnáissi / is mór fodom-glúassi, Fél. Ep. 375 . ba imned la F. cen acallaim na ingine F. was anxious to speak with the girl, TBFr. 155 . fonascar fair can tudecht, LU 5943 . mad dia m-beith at cumang, a ben, ol C., in ghein fil fat bruindi gan a breith có abhárach, RC vi 175 § 55 . ba dogessib conculainn cenadall fulachta diachathim, iii 176.17 . ba col cen a choemna not to protect him, Gorm. March 15 . ata is-in recht cen mnái do gabail i fhiadnaise, PH 2794 . nár dhamhsa gan dol red chois, TD 14.32 . an cóir gan síodh d'fhagháil uadh? Aithd. D. 63.5 . is truag duind gan E. acar n-imdidin, Stair Erc. 745 .

(e) As object: fobithin adrimet som deit su armelacht cen arṅ ditin ni `not to protect us', Ml. 129d22 . madh ro achtaigh cín ar, ┐ rohairedh, Laws iv 132.25 . fonaiscid C. forrosom cen curadmir do chosnam, LU 9025 ( FB 77 ). na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim, MU² 182 . foracaib . . . can a n-uilc do dígail dóib, LU 3117 (see Duan. F. iii 8 - 9 ). cid fodera . . . cen Crist do-t furtacht-su?, PH 738 . asbert an file fris cen ní don bradan do tomailt, RC v 201.23 . gan chrích Néill fút ná fulaing, TD 6.16 . do cheannuigh Dia . . . / gan mo bheith i mbrugh Ifeirn, Dán Dé v 45 . mar do chonn-cadar cliatha na Cruithnigh gan iad féin líon cathuighthe ris that they were not strong enough to fight him, Keat. ii 1779 . orduighmid . . . gan labhairt dona Sethrachaibh `that the Sisters keepe silence', RSClára 102b .

(f) With vbs. of forgetting, preventing , etc. the prep. merely reinforces the meaning of the main verb: arnabé anfochell leu cenatlugud buide diasoirad so that they may not neglect to return thanks, Ml. 117b7 . cenasechim gl. uestigia relinquere, Sg. 30a20 . rothairmisc . . . in scel sin fa P. . . . gan sid re brathair, TTebe 2767 . a Bhē-binn, bean ar do mac / gan mhnāi trīallfas dó tochmarc, ZCP xiii 167.1 . léigfeamaoid dínn . . . gan teacht tarsa, TSh. 294 `which we shall avoid treating of', Gloss. tug i ndearmad gan maith na n-Éireannach do mhaoidheamh he has forgotten to, Keat. i 56.25 . nīr dhermait . . . in doirseóir gan in custam d'iarraidh ┐ d'fagáil `the keeper did not neglect demanding and receiving it', Fl. Earls 90.5 . Cf. Ml. 25a3 cited under (a).

(g) As case governed by prep.: tré gan rabhadh do chur dho through failing to warn him, Content. xvi 71 . fá gan fearthuinn do dheanadh, Donlevy 440.30 . déinig faire . . . chum gan tuitim a ttemptásion so as not to enter into temptation, Párl. na mB. 789 . maille ré gan é d'fhaigsin, TSh. 6387 .

(h) As gen.: d'easbaidh gan an creideamh do bheith aca because they have no faith, TSh. 4784 (where gan merely reinforces meaning of easbhaidh). The phrase introduced by gan is technically gen. also in: rún do ghlacadh gan tuitim to resolve not to fall, Donlevy 448.19 .

III With suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana (usual mod. form). On O.Ir. cene, cenae see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 346 . In class. verse may be stressed or unstressed, Aithd. D. 25.19n.

(a) In more or less literal sense in addition to it, without him or it, besides, apart from this. As shown by occas. exx. of cenae referring to f. or pl. nouns the word had even in O.Ir. begun to have the force of an indep. adv. besides, in addition, moreover, anyway . In literal sense: huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. uerba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . ní laimtis cena they dared not omit to do it, Sc.M² 20 , cf. ní étaim-sea chena I cannot help it (gan a dheanamh, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 6080 . cía nocarainn cách chenae besides him, Liad. and Cuir. 24.21 . nícon bíad cenae, 24 `without him . . . it will not live', Murphy Lyrics 35.10 . ceni beth nach aili isin tig cenae acht hé a oenur, BDD² 1086 `any other save he', Gloss. ní fuil aurlabraidi . . . leo chenae besides him, MU² 986 .

(b) In more general sense: cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud in any case, Ml. 20a20 . bamór fechtae cenae `there were many times besides', 39a3 . legi enim Dei non est subiecta (of sapientia carnis) .i. atá dethiden fuiri cene `besides', Wb. 3d34 . barafie dúib darígente cene cenimmormus nachmór, 11d5 . apronomen asberr eiusdem ┐ cach pronomen dono chene `besides', Sg. 203b1 . os me chene am faelid `I too', Thes. ii 293.25 . at-béla chenaeo (sic), BDD² 1438 `in any case', Gloss. sáeilim nem cena I am looking forward to heaven as it is, BColm. 68.22 .

Following f. and pl. nouns: ni reccar ales dano epistle uáibsi arrofitemmar cene `without it' (ref. to epistil, f.), Wb. 15a5 . runsluinfemni didiu cene fanisin (ref. to epistolis), 15a4 . etar fileda ┐ áis ṅdénma sairse chenae `and other artists', Sg. 212a11 . atethatár eóin damsa chena other birds will be caught for me, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). ní lamhat eonu na fiadhmhilu cena beth for an sliab sin `nor other wild animals', ZCP i 254.6 .

(c) Hence of actions and states of being already, previously : nírecat . . . les tintuda . . . ataat iltintudai leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . tanice-side céne `He hath come already', Wb. 4d26 . adib eolaig and cene, 33c19 . ar biid iouis cene nominatiuo , Sg. 99a3 . ar ní thucad dó chena hí, LU 3168 . ag feoilgherradh in ridiri ata marbh chena, Stair Erc. 758 . cheana `alwaies' (= hitherto, Ed.), RSClára 81a . ? Cf. cheana no archeana .i. o sin amach, O'Cl.

(d) More vaguely as adv. of asseveration moreover, indeed, of a truth, then, so (see PH, TSh.): ni réid chene, Sg. 238b1 . saībse, céni, i m-bith chē, Imr. Brain 45 `moreover', Murphy Lyrics 39.13 . ní boí isin bith frisa samailte chena there was indeed nothing with which it could be compared, LU 3378 ( SCC 16 ). ceist cena . . . cid as áil dúib?, MU² 332 . ó racuala in maith cena, cid ar ná cechlaind in saith?, Airne F. 237 . cia airm itá do thigerna-su chena ale?, TBC-LL¹ 1418 . ní fitir in challech nach do fhoigdi chena tánic in giIla that it was not simply to beg the servant came, Ériu i 132.81 . leicem as ar n imram . . . acht in chonair beras ar curach sind cheana, YBL 87a44 . nocha lám chena ná cos / do géba, O'Gr. Cat. 367.17 . an chloch cheana . . . on the other hand, TSh. 64 . gidhedh chena, BCC 124.30 . With ocus at beg. of sentence: ┐ chena bid lat ┐ lad chlaind co brath in rigi, RC xxiv 200.14 . ┐ cena ni . . . , TTebe 4293 . V. freq. with prec. acht: acht chena is . . . , LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). acht chena ro-diultais etc., PH 601 . acht cheana do ghabhadar etc., Párl. na mB. 3947 . acht atā ni cena moreover, ZCP viii 111.14 .

Cf. archena, olchena.

IV Freq. with follg. co as conjunction without that, though . . . not, in some uses replacing O.Ir. ceni. Not found in O. Ir. glosses. See Phil. Soc. Trans. 290 § 56 . cenco is perh. rather to be explained from *ceni-co, O'Rahilly, Celtica ix 113 - 34 . In class. Ir. gion etc. go (see DDána), which appar. no longer felt as containing the prep. cen (gan). Form somet. influenced by cían (céin), q.v.

(a) without that, apart from the case that, because of the fact that not (with indic. and subj.): bid messu dúib . . . céin co tísaid lim it will be the worse for you if you do not come with me, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). ní eicsind uile cenco cumhsanaind icca aisneis ria mbrath I could not relate it all short of keeping at it till doomsday, Ériu ii 136 § 120 . gén cu taibre ar hanmuin / let a talmain nisbera short of giving it (worldly goods?) for your soul, 228.17 . cumma lem etir / cen co tīas ilLaighnib I care not at all if I go not into L., ZCP viii 110.8 . cóir, cen co beth biad ocut `right then is it that food should fail thee', PH 1312 . nír bó toil do A. sin, gen gur triall la hI. do Roimh A. was unwilling not to go with I. to Rome, BNnÉ 4.25 .

Usually though . . . not.

(b) With indic. Rare in older lang.: cenco n-acatár though they did not see (her), LU 10010 . cín co fetar cia tu though I don't know who you are, RC v 200 § 15 . achd gin gur fheith iad, DDána 3.29 . comhla gen go bī (sic leg.) rem baeis, ACL iii 236 § 9 . gion gur chomhmaoidh sin though she boasted not of it, Dán Dé ii 5 . gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear d'ogham é, IGT Introd. 5.1 . gin co fuil, CF² 585 . cin co híbhitt na Serrisdínig fín, Maund. 61 . gin cur chaith . . . caithfet-sa `though no one has eaten', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . génco faicidhisi é, RC xxiv 371.26 . gion go ffaicfit mo chorp . . . docífitt m'fiorta ┐ mo miorbuile, BNnÉ 267 § 235 (fut. replacing subj.?). Cf. gion go bhfaicfear (-cthear, v.l. ). Dán Dé v 35 .

(c) With subj.: acht ropom airdricse, maith lim cen co bend būan acht ōenlāa even though I should live only one day, TBC-I¹ 572 . cen cop mōr mo thuasa, Mór M. 6 . cen co pat comṡáeglaig, Airne F. 19 . cenco n-essara though you eat not, Sc.M² 3 . as a rad ata a nadmaim cin co be saying untruthfully that it is . . . , Laws iv 52.30 . cian combat lia iar n-umir though they be not more in number, Rawl. 70b22 . ra raidsebair cenco tucaind ar áis doberaind ar écin that I would take it willy-nilly, LL 7685 ( TBC-LL¹ 150 ). cia fogabad cenco fagbad whether he got it or not, 7328 . cen co dernad, CRR 18 . cinco dernadais na Masilecdha do maith . . . acht . . . if the M. did no other good than . . . , CCath. 1751 . gion go dtí riomsa . . . / Dia do dhearmad, Dán Dé xxv 9 . do rígh gion go rabhtha id mhac even wert thou not a king's son, DDána 91.15 .

Occas. with loss of negative sense: gion go mbiadh gnúis gheanamhail . . . ag fear na ceilge though the deceiver should have. . . , TSh. 8965 (see Vocab.). atá ár sáith d'íoc againn gin gurab deired dúinn féin taréis na deithbire so `though immediately upon termination of this quarrel we ourselves too made an end', Caithr. Thoirdh. 119.24 .

con-dírgedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-dírgedar or dil.ie/12073

 

Forms: condírgedar, condírgebadar, cuindrigud

v (dírgid, díriuch, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 596 ) in Ml. in glosses on compds. of Lat. rego: a condírgedar gl. (ad portas ser- monem) diregens, 46a12 . condírgebadar gl. correcturum, 130c15 . With prep. DO: condírgedar dosuidib `he reproves those . . .' gl. in memores eorum uituperatio dirigitur, 34a23 . See con-dírig. Vn. cuindrigud.

1 dath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dath or dil.ie/14728
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dath, dath, datha, dath, daith, datho, dathu, datha, dathe, dathai, dadha, datha, dath, dath, dath, datha, datha, dathanna, dathn, datha, dathann, dathan, dathannaib, datho, dath-, -dath, dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, oen-dath, aondatha, doel-dath, drech-dath, drech-datha, for-dath, dath, il-dath, ildatha, líg-dath, ór-dath, so-dath, soer-dath, dath, datha, dathanna

n u; the n pl. dath, LMU § 7 points to neuter gender; less stress should be laid on the eclipsis in the n s. SCC § 37 : dath nétrom.

RHYMES & ASSON.: dath : rath, ZCP viii 217. 11 : cath, vi 269 st 5 . Acall. 7592 . datha : Macha, CRR 32. 2 . : catha, Acall. 5871 . For further instances see Inflexion.

INFLEXION: n s. dath, Ml. 28 c 12 . Laws ii 148 &c. ; rhyming with iadad, SCC § 33 , pócath, TE § 10 , cath, TBC-LL¹ 265 , Findchad, Rawl. 158. 22 . daith frequent in mod. MSS, Midnight court 17 (similarly daithibh d p. ib. 417 ). g s. datho, Imr. Brain § 8 (: gretho), § 13 (: étatho). Wb. 5 c 19 . dathu, Laws ii 148 pass.; later datha: SCC § 31 (: Labrada, g s.). Fél. Nov. 15 (: catha, g s.). SCC § 34 (: flatha, g s.). LL 133 a 16 (: macha, g s.). Leb. Cert. 84. 9 (: lúireacha). dathe, Laws v 382. 18 . dathai, Fen. 140. 18 ; for dadha TE § 10 read datha. d s. always dath (: immarbad, Imr. Brain 38 ). n du. da dath , LL 16 b 41 . n p. dath, LMU 71. 18 . datha, LL 174 b 21 (: macha, g s.). dathanna Mod.-Ir. ( OCU 111 ). a p. datha, LL 149 b 29 (: flatha, g s.). Laws i 20. 30 . dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. g p. dathn , SCC §§ 33 , 37 , BDD § 106 , FB § 45 . datha LL 120 a 46 (= dath, LU 105 b 4 f.b. ), PH 1304 . dathann, Lib. Flav. ii 38 b 2. 19 (examlacht d.). Bedel Gen. xxxvii. 3 . dathan, 23 I 41, p. 5. 3 . d p. dathannaib, ZCP ii 303 . Gadelica ii 130. 689 .

I Colouring matter, dye : fuilled risin trían (sc. na roidi of the dye plant) gurup leath ó bias ina min nó na dath urlaṁ when it is in the state of meal or prepared colouring stuff Laws ii 420. 7 . ni thig dath ar bith gan ruanann, O'Cl. s.v. ruadh (glossing a quotation from Ds. of Ceilbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 54. 7 ). ó bláthannuibh na talman dogeibh sé dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. Cf. dathugud I and Scotch cha luidh dath air dubh luidhidh dubh air gach dath black materials will not take any dye Macd. 312 b .

II Colour in general, a particular hue or tint ; in the following instances used of the colours: bán, 1 brecc, 1 buide, corcair, croderg, crón, derg, 1 donn, dub, 1 finn, glas, gorm, rúad, úaine. Often connected with 1 lí, 1 lígrad.— is lí, gl. nó is dath, LU 131 b 33 . cen líga .i. cen datha LL 188 c 7 .. hic color dath, Ir. Gl. 1087 . adhbh .i. dath H 2.15A, 117 b . lath ised dath, Todd Lect. iv 134. 4 f.b. cen chaile nach datho chen chaile pectho without a spot of any kind Wb. 5 c 19 . mac in airiuch...dath fo leth a éduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148. 5 ; ib. 148. 8 . lígrad óir ┐ airgit...┐ datha cach thíre, FB § 2 . tibri uani tibri gorm tibri corcra dath nétrom, SCC § 37 (cf. topur co niumad datha, PH 1304 ). corcair co náldi datha, ib. § 31. 4 . cach dath atchí duine do guirm do bricc do buide is do chorcair LL 196 b . i fégaiter datha .i. find i mmoltar dub i naerthar brecc i fuacarar, RC xxvi 18 § 29 . co nd.¤ ┐ tóthocht, LL 37 a 17 . is álaind a ndath ar nim, Laud 615 38 a 1 (of the apostles). duibi a delb iná gach dath, BB 402 b 4 . a illdelbaig (emblems) ...arna forniamad a dathaib dathálli, TTr. 141 . ibar .i. ab ebore .i. ó cnáim elefante ar dath ┐ suthaini, O'Mulc. 700 . (cloch dub...bán...glas) cia dhíobh sin dath, TSh. 20. 8 . cóta diomad dathann, Bedel Gen. xxxvii 3 . anúair thaisbeanas sé (sc. an fíon) a dhath annsa chupán, ib. Proverbs xxiii 31 . daith an locha ┐ gorm na dtonn ag teacht...go tromm, Midnight court 17 . boladh dath ┐ cumadh aráin, Donlevy 242. 14 . Brightness : trí claidhmi coindli datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 1 .—Of the body: is annsin ba réill do chách díb (i.e. Adam and Eve) dath cuirp araile, MacCarthy 56 i . glór na ndiabhal as a ndath lór do phianadh na bpeacthach, TSh. 187. 2 f.b.Of the hair: trí foiltne co saine dath SCC § 37. 14 (ní hinand a ndath, ib. H). mong buide fair ...álli dath, ib. § 33 . folt trí ndath fair folt dond ... cróderg ... budi, FB § 45 . oenḟer forsa mbetis na trí dath ucut .i. in folt marin fiach ┐ in gruad marin fuil ┐ in corp marin snechta, LMU § 7 . ba cosmail dath ind ḟoilt sin fri barr nailestair...nó fri dergór iar ṅdénam a datha, BDD § 1 . cosmail fri túidlig nóir forloscthi dath a fuilt, ib. § 99 . ib. § 106 .—Of the colour of an animal: dath a ech, FB § 44 . it lóig it úain co ndagdath, Imr. Brain § 38 (v.l. co ndath). mucc co ndath oiss, LL 162 b 36 . deich ngabra donna datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 9 . marcṡlúaigh álainn aondatha, OCL 23. 7 . masat cethra co ndath cethra, Mesca 24. 4 f.b. elta co ndath elta, ib. 22. 1 . caora cruandatha, BS § 68. 5 .—Of the colour of the snow (opp. dath fola): fri dáth (dath, Eg.) snechtai, IT 69. 5 . is dath snechta corp, ib. 132. 5 f.b. úaitne i nd.¤ snechtai ┐ araile a nd.¤ ḟola, RC x 185. 24 .—Of clothes, &c.; also of the gold and silver embroideries thereon, as the following passage shows: étaige cen líga .i. étaige cen datha .i. cen imdenma óir is argait, LL 188 g 7 . Cf. dathugud II. caille aendathe, Laws v 382. 18 . áildiu cach dath (sc. in broitt) alailiu BDD § 99 . ní coill dath a mmaforta (.i. copchaille), Thes. ii 339. 4 . d.¤ a nétaich, RC viii 348 st 29 . corccra dath an inair sin, PH 2861 . —Of gold : úbhla ┐ d.¤ an óir órloisgthe orra, OCT 26.17 . BDD § 1 . —Of precious stones: araill a ndath asmirón .i. cloch co ndath nglas, RC x 185. 25 . Of plants: co nd.¤ losa liach, LL 47 a 44 . ACL i 340 . is dath síon and cech gruad, gl. nó is brecc, IT i 132. 3 f.b. cóimchlod datho change of colour: banna bec son de usci ┐ robúi buidetai bec fair do caomchlad a datha, Mon. Tall. 150. 37 . luibhi cen claechlodh a ndatha herbs that change not their colour Marco P. § 81 . gen. datho coloured , étach datho a coloured cloth: dá étuch dathu uime dia doṁnuigh, Laws ii 148. 7 . ib. 148. 9 , 13 , 14 , 18 . atconnarc étach ndatha (: flatha, gen.) SCC § 34 . .x. n-etaighe datha fichit, Tig. RC xviii 271. 33 . dechelt dathai a coloured mantle Fen. 140. 18 . cloch datha a coloured stone: dá marbad do cloich datha ba ruad rind, RC viii 354. 2 . ór datha = ór iar ndénum a datha. cloch atá i nDún dá lacha: is fiú a comtrom dór datha, FDG 751 . Cf. BDD § 1 . —cach datho, cech datho, cach oendatho; cacha datha of every colour: taitnet líga cech datho, Imr. Brain § 8 . móini dússi cach datho (v.l. datha), ib. § 13 . asraracht ...do imchaisin Maigi Breg. fóa lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 130 b 22 . co gné gréne fair...┐ cacha datha archena FA § 11 . cét détach gach datha (sic leg.) bric, IT i 125. 15 . étaige cech oendatha impu, LU 85 a 26 . co nétaigib cacha datha, Acall. 2804 . co saine étaig cacha datha umpu, ib. 3423 .—sain datho, saine d.¤ , saine dath exquisite colours: trí huathnedha cu saine ndatha, RC x 185. 24 . in dá ech...co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 113 a 34 . édach co saine gacha datha, Acall. 414 . —datha écsamlai various hues or colours : dáig na nilgné filet forsind ḟult fil fair ┐ inna ndath nécsamail docorethar in folt fair, BDD § 106 . co ndathaib écsamlaib ina thimchell, FA § 11 . clúṁach iona raibh datha égsaṁla, Ezekiel xvii. 3 . datha éagsaṁla diverse colours Lhuyd.

III Of the face or skin, complexion, hue; esp. beautiful complexion; sg. or pl., cf. drech-dath or pl. drech-datha id. TTr. 1686 . a dath amar dhath an aeil (of a fine woman), Acall. 784 . Laeg i lLiniu lígda a dath, LL 22 a 20 . gilla óc is delbdu dath, TBC-LL¹ 265 . a dath is gilither géis uan fuinni dath a dá ó, BB 323 b 30 . Domnaill na ndath of the beautiful complexion BB 50 a 35 . a éicsin datha (: catha), Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 .

roscáil (docóid) mo dath my beauty is gone: roscáil mo delb is mo dath, Acall. 4584 . dochúaid mo delb is mo dath, ib. 4586 .

sóid dath, sóithir a dath, sóitir a datha: (a) he changes colour, esp. turns pale , like Lat. mutare (perdere) colorem: ní fess ca galar rodnuc acht a ḟagbáil marb sech nír ṡǽ dath ní ralob a chorp, LL 18 b 48 . (b) euphem. he dies : cen táṁ cen galar sói dath iar naifriunn, Fél. p. 158 at June 28 . dá tora rí Macha sáifiter a datha claifiter a ratha LL 174 b 21 ( CRR 32. 2 ).—Cf. soïd dies , sóid gné, sóid lí, caillid a gné.

conimchloi dath, conimchloither a dath, conimchloiter a datha, or only clóid dath id. (a) mac Olloman...atbath gan claechladh for dath, BB 46 b 16 = LL 128 a 5 . tócaibset in cend cen claechlo datha nó delbi de acht amal bid hí in úair sin rotescthái, PH 923 . fri cath ní coimcloitis dath, Rawl. 158. 22 . ZCP viii 218. 4 . rochlaochaigheas dealbh is dath B IV 1, 86 b (Buile Suibni). saoth lem do chnes rochlói dath, ib. (b) dar chlaechlod a dhath...ég adbath ua Muiredhaigh, BB 59 a 21 . na dá Fland ... farír roclæchlosed dath, Ériu v 242 l. 172 .—Cf. conimchloi, conimchloither a lí he dies, Sc. caochladh. (c) v.s. II.—Cf. dathchlód.

IV Transf. applied to the weather and the winds, the colours of the winds . Each wind has its own particular colour according to Laws ii 26. 30 sq.: rodelb dono [Dia] datha na ngaeth conid sain dath cacha gaeithe díb fri araile ...anair in gaeth corcra aneas in geal atuaith an dub, aniar an odur. Cf. further SR 53 sq. , 7948 and O'Dav. 692 : dotongar dar drúcht dar daithin .i. dar dath sína nó dar dath na sína dar gréin ┐ dar ésca úair grian ┐ ésca dobeir dath arna sínaib. Here probably LL 211 b 49 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 426. 15 ): tuc rí cach datha dá deóin ba turchar flatha fíreóin king of every hue. God is called rí na ngaeth (Gwynn), and Dia datha, Lib. Flav. ii 50 b 2. 6 .

V Fig. Outward appearance, semblance of something, esp. what serves to conceal the truth: dath fírinne the colour of truth: callide excogitant quod ad nuditatem eorum colore perueniant .i. dath fírinne do thochur tarais, Ml. 28 c 12 . fabulam perquam futilem. sgél goirrgech gan dath fírinne, BB 208 a (in the handwriting of Charles O'Connor) Éigse xvii 200 . Cf. the same use of dathugud, Keat. i 18. 27 . dath brécae a disguise, a false show, Lhuyd. O'Brien. a false dye, Macd.

VI Fig. Degree, rank, order ; Synon. miad, grád. This sense has been inferred from the following passages: Dia fadein dobeir datha ┐ gráda ardḟlatha, LL 149 b 29 . la cessad Secundi co slógud cech datha, Fél. Nov. 15 . It may also be sought in such passages as `a Domnaill na ndath' BB 50 a 35 , or `a éicsiu datha,' Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 , see III above. According to the Cáin-law of fosterage ( Laws ii 146 sq. ) the colour of the clothes varied according to rank and dignity: fo miad cháich éitid a mic ótha fer miudbu co ríg ( ii 146. 10 ). Satin and scarlet were prescribed for the son of the king of Erin ( sroll ┐ scarloit do mac ríg Érenn, ib. 146. 16 ), black, yellowish, grey, and blay clothes for maic na ngrád féne ( 148. 3 ). Similarly the colours were fixed for the mac in airrech, mac in airrech túis, m. in a. aird, m. in a. forgill, and mac na ríg.

VII In chevilles and at the end of the verse-line in various senses of the word: la Congalach cáem cen chair...oc Dollud di rechtga dath robíth Finnaechta fledach, LL 133 a 4 . Flaithbertach mac Loingsich...argg fo uair dorchad ṅdatha i nArd Molthach Mórmacha, ib. 133 a 16 . Donnchadh gan doirchi ndatha (: Murchadha), MacCarthy 420. 8 f.b. tosach suirghi caem a dath: ben is fer icompocath (leg. i compōcath or ic compōcath, ZCP x 374) IT i 125. 7 (TE). Hériu ria ndílind datha, LL 5 b 4 . Here also Thes. ii 292. 18 : is glae thegdais tórm rochloss...is tech ndagḟir dath atchí.

VIII a trace, hint, sign (?): ar cathbarr cen duīthi dath 'our helmet without trace of foolishness', SR (Greene) 2689 (of God).

IX In local names: ocus na cethri catha for Gallaib Glinni Datha the Foreigners of the Coloured Glen Cog. 94. 21 ; not sufficiently supported.

X COMPS. (a) dath-, see below. (b) -dath in cpds. almost exclusively in the sense of I; frequent with adjectives denoting colour: dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, q.v. Compare further: oen-dath, aondatha of one colour ; doel-dath the colour of the blackbeetle ; drech-dath or pl. drech-datha complexion of the face; for-dath = dath; il-dath: étach ildatha of many colours; líg-dath (lí-dath) bright colour ; ór-dath the colour of gold ; so-dath a beautiful colour (opp. do-dath); soer-dath a noble colour , &c. q.v.

MOD. dath, g s. datha; n pl. dathanna colour, complexion ; with ní or gan nothing at all, v.s. VIII; this latter usage is common in all districts, cf. Dinneen, whose examples are all taken from the spoken language: níl aondhath de ṁoill orm there is nothing to hinder me, Quiggin Dial. Don. § 136 . cha rabh a dhath a maith dí sin a dheanadh ach urad, Craig Derry People 30 iv p. 3 .

1 dé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dé or dil.ie/14794
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dé, diad, déithe, diaid, diaig, dé, dé, déith, diaid, díaig, died, diaid, dé, diadh, déithe

n t, f. Smoke, haze , &c. n s. dé, from the Glosses (dæ, Ml. 57 a 10 ) up to the present day. Rhyming with clé BB 31 b 8 ; with gné, LL 199 b 47 . Seldom diad, modelled on the ā-stems, BB 450 b 12 , EIS 140 § 22 . g s. diad, Ml. 40 c 1 . TBC-LL¹ 187 . CCath. 1502 . Hy Maine 57 a 2 . AFM vi 1962. 12 ; 2198. 3 . TSh. 187. 23 ; mod. id. and déithe (Kerry).—The derivative dethach points to disyllabic diäd. Unfortunately I have no instance from old poetry. a s. diaid, Expuls. 187 . RC ii 396. 1 f.b. LL 110 a 12 . BB 365 b 17 . PH 2407. 7109 . MacCongl. 63. 6 . O'Dav. 632 . 1586 . diaig TBC-LL¹ 5508 . Superseded by the nom. form dé, AFM vi 2116. 8 f.b. ; mod. dé and déith (sic W. Kerry). d s. diaid, LL 124 a 41 . díaig, PH 2505 . died, RC iii 344. 12 = diaid.

I Smoke, fume , as opposed to lasar `flame' and 1 teine `fire.' It renders Lat. fumus. diaidh .i. múch smoke, vapour P. O'C.

(a) uice fumi omnis eorum elatio euanescit, gl. amal arindchrin dæ ┐ asindbail as smoke perishes and dies Ml. 57 a 10 . rothin (sc. in diabul) fochétóir amal diaid, RC ii 396. 1 f.b. Todd Lect. v 97. 11 . attáit tenti ┐ fóidit diaid in teined sair co hOsseirge, Expuls. 187 . atáid tenid cáin...cen diaid cen chiaig cen crithir, MacCongl. 63. 6 ; 117. 21 . dath na diad, Hy Maine 57 a 2 . amal téid de do deightheinidh, Lib. Flav. 33 b 2. 14 . is cumair in pian aimserda ar is fri diaid thened is casmail, PH 2407 . teine diad a smoky fire : teanndáil nó t. dhiadh, TSh. 187. 23 . the smoke from an encampment: ragabsatar dúnad ┐ longphort inn aidchi sin cor ba dlúim diad ┐ tened (a standing phrase) etir chethri áthaib Ái, TBC-LL¹ 187 . the smoke from a volcano: co maiged (i.e. maided) a duibdiad ┐ a lasra a huamaib ┐ a hairchelaib in tṡlébi sin (i.e. Etna) BB 450 b 12 . the smoke from a devastated country or city: dar leo is tre smúitcheo diad ┐ tre corrthair lasrach nolaefedh in cathraigh uile, CCath. 1502 . dé is dethach smoke and vapour : robad smúittcheo diadh ┐ dethaighe in tír uile dia néis, AFM vi 2198. 3 . an dlúiṁcheo diadh ┐ dethaighe roleth óna forloisccthib, ib. vi 1962. 13 . ib. 2116. 8 f.b. dochuireadar an baile uile tre smúr dhiadh ┐ deataigh, Caithr. 52. 15 .

(b) a smoking fire = teine diad: a thócbáil ┐ a chosa suas...┐ de mór fói, PH 1238 .

(c) the smoke of a fired gun: roleiccsiot dé ┐ detach a ndubhpúdair foa súilib, AFM vi 2116. 8 f.b.

(d) odorous smoke as that of incense : túis...athascnaid a de side iarna hadandad i núaislib nime, PH 7020 . amail diaid thúsi, ib. 7109 .

(e) smoke, fume as the symbol of Satan and the demons : dochonnaic sí in satan...a dhe ┐ a lasair asa chraes ┐ asa ṡróin, Lism. L. 1409 . Todd Lect. v 74. 13 . a dé ┐ a lassar asa chraess ┐ asa ṡrónaib sechtair, Three Hom. 72. 30 . dochóid ass in draicc ┐ tórruma demun impe coro lín in tempul dia díaig ┐ dia bréntur, PH 2505 .

(f) smoke or fume, arising from the anger of the righteous: in dé iarum tánic dítsu ar thimdergad foloi side i nardda coro scáil na demna LL 273 b 48 , ZCP x 378 .

II Esp. the smoke from the hearth or house-fire (tellach); hence sometimes, like teine and tellach, as a symbol of the house or the home. hi tellach thírmaide...nárotlosci a lassar nárotbena a dé, MacCongl. 95. 27 . dé do thig, LB 156 a 57 . nocho bia i nÉirinn...teag ná treb ná ten ná de (: clé) BB 31 b 8 . co facca a dún fornocht cen diaidh cen teach cen tenid, ib. 365 b 17 . biaidh gan diaigh Eaṁuin Uladh, 3 C 13, 659. 9 .—According to old beliefs the smoke of the hearth betrays the secrets of the house and the fate of its inhabitants, cf. adgníed din died ( diaid, LL 124 a 11 ) notheche din tich a llín nombíd co nngalur ann (┐ cech galar nobíd and, add. LL), RC iii 344. 12 . asé sin dobeir aithne ar galar in duine tre diaig in tigi i mbí dḟaicsin TBC-LL¹ 5508 .

III Vapour or steam, arising from heat: coire airgdidi do ná tic dé ná deathach, FDG 507 . de en foulachtae the vapour of the concoction RC xii 100. 10 .

IV Haze, misty appearance, watery vapour : siadair denn do cach dinn: dé do loch linn lán haze from the lake of full waters Four Songs 10. 8 = RC v 202. 1 .

V Like Lat. anima breath, the breath as the principle of life, soul : dend .i. de ut est denn a nanma .i. dé a[n]ma i ndáinib hí .i. in anál. nó amail diaidh do theinid, O'Dav. 632 . dé den anam a little breath of life P. O'C. In this sense still common in the spoken language: tá an déith as he is dead, efflata est anima, opp. tá an déith ann he is still alive (W. Kerry, Conn.). cuireadh go dí deireadh na déithe é ach dochas sé airist, or dochuaidh sé go dí d. na d. he was on the point of death but recovered (W. Kerry, Conn.).

VI PROV. proprium fumi est ut ignem nuntiat secuturum, gl. is gnáth lassar hi tiarmoracht diad flame is customary after smoke Ml. 40 c 1 . is dorn im diaid tor mbriathar a multitude of words is a fist round smoke O'Dav. 1586 (Stokes' translation gives no sense); cf. as dorn im dhiaidh, BS 54. 27 .

VII COMP. mí-dé: is míde tucad dún tair. dorat mígne dár menmain, LL 199 b 47 .

MOD. dé, g s. diadh, déithe, v. V, VI. Obs. in Sc. P. O'C. also gives the sense ` grief, sorrow, sadness .'—Cf. dethach.

déistin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déistin or dil.ie/15284

 

Forms: déisden, déisdin

n (O.Ir. *détsin, cf. détsinigidir) f., later m. déisden m., IGT Decl. § 11 . déisdin f., § 149 . disgust, loathing, abhorrence: ba leor grain is gairbdeistin (: dēcsin), BB 393b42 . in lán péistedh, in cath crum, | ach ! is déisten a ndúscud, ACL iii 239 § 27 . atá déisdin ar fhiaclaibh a mac (= dentes filiorum obstupescunt), TSh. 3330 . ionnus gomadh lughaide a dhéistin (of a patient taking nauseous medicines), 8165 . do ghabh déisdin a n-anam súd ris an uile oileamhain (= omnem escam abominata est anima eorum ), 1564 . tre iomad déistine rés an mil, 7426 . deoch . . . ní ib duine le déisden, IGT Decl. ex. 391 .

fris-indlea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-indlea or dil.ie/24367

 

Forms: frisninnlethar

v ā (indell; cf. frestlaid) in follg. exx. the under-lying sense seems to be meets, answers to, serves (a purpose, etc.), deals with (a piece of work); of persons, waits on, encounters, deals with (both in friendly sense and the reverse): in son frita indle la grecu (gl. interpretatio eorum apud Graecos, i.e. the Greek equivalent for them) Sg. 213a3 . ind .u. consain lasin Laitneoir is fern frisnindleastar [leg. -indlea] lasin nGaoidel ut est uir .i. fer ( i.e. Gaelic f corresponds to Lat. v), Corm. Y 576 . ni cluas donidnaig acht is trea donidnathur ┐ is í frisnindle the ear does not transmit it [the tradition] but it is through it that it is transmitted and it is it that receives and handles it H 3.18, 360b ( Laws i 37n ). dun aigni frisindli breth `the advocate who prepares [`dem ein Richterspruch entspricht' Thurn. Ir. Recht 47n .] judgment' Laws v 92.2 Comm. For the meaning of a.f.b. cf. further: in t-aidhni airberta ic toicid ┐ ac toxal do rigaib ... ┐ in t-aigni frisnindli breth ic feicemnus ima caingin, Laws v 100 Comm. in t-aídni frisnindli breth .i. noco n-uil acht glanadh ┐ cinnedh luig [sic B and Y; H 3.18, 178a has `luic' which is perh. correct, although this text is inaccurate in some places] ┐ aincesa atarru ┐ in t-ollam, Laws v 100.22 where the last sentence, rendered `between him and the ollam = distinguishing him from the ollam' i.e. the `glanad' etc. do not lie within his province, but within that of the ollam . Thurneysen's: `... der bestimmt mit dem Richter zusammen, welche Eide, etc., Ir. Recht 47 n. 8 , if it is a rendering of this passage is not entirely correct.

Of law-students: ma ra foglainnsetar condat aigneda frisnindle breith, Ir. Recht 46w . aigni frisninnle brith fer son taurrig tacrai fri bruinne brithi. asbeir fris aigni adgair: aigni dom air so corraib do lethi lim indiu imm in les[s]a; taurrigsidi tacra ... ┐ adsuidhi cin athcomarc do brethemain ┐ berair breth fair. ise fer in sin beras le[th]trian aroir taccra. belrai feni lais uile acht tulbretha ┐ ainches mbrethe. cuic seotu dec huaid do fiur forid cain ┐ a gairi ┐ a recht. ... ┐ is e in fersa agair o tosach [ = thoísech] tuaithi ┐ o brethemain ┐ o rig acht gnima r[e]achtairi ┐ ni beir baa o brethemain acht a folta. a les ria cach les ..., H 3.18, 375b ( O'Curry 813 ). In Laws i 290.32 : aigne frisninnle imuig represents: aigne f.¤ imuig, H 3.17, 108y (O'D.) = aighne fethamnuis amuigh, O'Curry 2697 ( Eg. 88 59 ).

Crist frisinnle mo chesta, Hy vi 9 , with gl. .i. rofrithaile, .i. dóene [leg. do-né] C. frithindel mo chest `may Christ prepare my pleadings' Thes., `may he draw up the statement of my case' Lib. Hymn. Gloss . deithbir dam ce phrisinliu tuaslugud mo tire a tuinidhiu tarrachtain, H 3.18, 18a ( ZCP xii 364 ). frisindle chaindill do deicse dus in bruithe in tairr, Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech ( Thr. Ir. Gl. 27 ) = frisnindle, Corm. Y p. 70 .

With pers. obj.: iar céssad ... frisindled la haingliu `was attended by' Fél. May 23 . frisindle in coin cona díb lámaib ( tackles, grapples with ) LU 5012 . a ndosreng fris a laim, fritninnle in ben asin tsid a woman of the elf-mound encountered him (i.e. caught him on the other side ?) RC xxv 344.6 . Pass. impers. frisninnlethar ó ogbhaidh na Saxan ... do granaoibhlibh ... a gunnadaibh (of returning a volley of musketry), Hugh Roe 216.6 (f. 57b) .

Vn. fresndal, cf. frestal.

glasar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glasar or dil.ie/26008

 

Forms: glasar

n (2 glas)

(a) mildew in wheat (?): glasar (gl. dedit erugini fructus eorum ), Thes. i 5.10 .

(b) g.¤ coille, name of a plant: Barba Siluana .i. in glasair coilled, RC ix 227.1 . Cf. glasair coille `woodbetony,' O'R. Poems

imm-lúadi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-lúadi or dil.ie/27881

 

Forms: imluadi, immeluaiter, imluadad, imluatis, imluadamni, imlúaidid

v indic. pres. s. 3 imluadi gl. exagitat, Ml. 33d16 . pass. pl. rel. immeluaiter gl. qui iactamini, 135b9 . impf. s. 3 imluadad gl. iactabat, 33b25 . pl. 3 imluatis gl. tractabant, 61b25 . subj. pres. pl. 1 imluadamni gl. iectemus, 93d13 . Mid. Ir. imlúaidid i.

sets in motion, moves (lit. and metaph.).

(a) tosses about, moves, impels (of literal motion) : immeluaiter gl. [uos, qui ... huc illucque] iactamini, Ml. 135b9 . co roimluaig in goeth inna cairpthiu tresna maigib, Lat. Lives 7.10 . rosimluaidh anfad go riachtadur go trachtaib na Traigia, Ériu viii 8.5 . frit[h] neach noimluaided a lama re cach (of wielding weapons) `there was found one to move his hands against everyone,' CCath. 5590. tar cend Conaill ro imluaidhedh eochu, Laws v 348.15 Comm. Druim nAirthir, imluaitis eich `Druim Airthir where coursed the steeds,' (? which horses caused to tremble), Metr. Dinds. iv 46.43 .

(b) brings, directs, guides: "cidh ro imluaidh sib" ? ar Patraic what brought you ?, Acall. 1004 . conid lán biathad dliges iarom in n-aidchi sin acht corop deithbir nonimluade, LL 187a47 . is iad na dée adhartha rotimluaid cuccam `who directed thee to me,' D IV 2, 42ra39 . gach conair rosn-imluaidfed in toictiu `wherever Fortune would cast him,' CCath. 1156. ca hecendal roimluaid ind ... i cend aroili, TTebe 3175 . With reflexive pron. expressed or understood, comes, goes, betakes oneself: notimlúaid fri tromm-dáil `bestir thyself to the encounter,' Metr. Dinds. iv 72.60 . coma foacht scela uaidi cid do rala di ┐ can imusluaidi what had happened her and from whence she came, Todd Nenn. 210.3 .

(c) stirs up, excites, sets going (a person or thing): is do saerad na cathrach ... roimluaidh in cogad `it was to free the city ... that he stirred up the war,' CCath. 1176. na hanflatha imda imlūaidit in fingail, ACL iii 241 § 11. ca drochciall imluaigis sib ? `what folly excites you ?,' TTebe 1314 . roimluaid Ipomedón lucht na cathrach ... dochum in chatha, 1449 . Used of demoniac possession: in tíí nosimluaided .i. diabul, PH 1997. roslanaig Ísu aroli doine imluadit ó démnaib, 2592 . na denaid irchoit do acht imluaidid i fhoendel he, 2210 . Folld. by vn. sets about: is an re shuthain ico nimluaidid beich saithe do cur `when the bees set about sending forth swarms,' Laws iv 176.z Comm. roimluaidsed imthecht, TTebe 1816 .

(d) gives out, spreads abroad (a report); discusses, debates, mentions: conerchlói .ł. imluadi gl. [eorum et truculentiae cremen] exagitat, Ml. 33d16 . imluadad gl. [haec atque alia ...] iactabat, 33b25 . imluatis gl. trachtabant (sic), 61b25 . imluadamni gl. [mendaciter ista] iectemus, 93d13 . imluadfet (gl. lūaidfe molthu Maicc Maire `I shall publish the praises'), Thes. ii 353.32 . psalmos que ... tractat .i. imluaidit salmu et ymnu, Lib. Hymn. i 12.37 . cach mod on imluaiter ┐ on imraiter ind ecna, Alex. 815. guro[s] imluaidh in comairli sin i fiadhnuisi Cait `he discussed that counsel,' CCath. 1106. forbart an nidh roimluaidh i fiadnaisi Cing Artuir which he had mentioned, D IV 2, 70ra37 . clocha no-imluaighdis eturru `which they were talking about,' Auraic. 148. ni imluaidhis fiacha na caingne gus in fecht n-aile, BB 267b1 . is iad cethrar ro himluighedh and, O'Curry 986 ( H 3.18, p. 424a ). ? To this: foruilleth .i. ro foileathad for sin ceile no ra-himluaided (of debts), Laws ii 272.4 Comm.

in-tairbeir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. in-tairbeir or dil.ie/28921

 

Forms: intairbir

v bows down (trans.): ipv. s. 2 intairbir gl. (dorsum eorum ...) incurua, Wb. 5b9 .

líned

Cite this: eDIL s.v. líned or dil.ie/30257

 

n suppuration: ar son usachd les líneadh do dénamh propter eorum facilitatem ad suppurationem, O'Gr. Cat. 272.11. Perh. a by-form of línad, but materials in Cath MT s.v. lionaighim indicate group of words with -nn-. Cf. 1 linn?

lúth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúth or dil.ie/31131
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lútha, lúith, lúdh, luud, lúd, lúthu, láth

n g s. lútha, lúith. l.¤, lúdh m., IGT Decl. § 38 . Verbs § 83 . Also luud, lúd. ?a p. lúthu, LU 8675 ( FB 51 ). See láth. Orig. vn. of luïd, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 571.

I As vn. act of moving : femidset lúd as nach leth, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.17 . lúd lúadrinna (sign of a good carpenter), Triads 118 . nír cuimciset luth a cos nó a lámh, CCath. 2100. ni bither fri lúd nadma na ratha uime, O'Curry 375 ( H 3.18, 208 ). dia coemsaitis a lama do luth if they were able to move their hands, CCath. 5692 . ro gab ac lúd reime (of lion) `began to sport', Grail 2086 . ic lúd fri araile, 2253 . ? Cf. ni codhnach araile luth anapta eipiltain an con, O'Curry 2525 ( Eg.88 f. 43 (44)b ). Of sentiment longing: do bhí a chroidhe ag l.¤ re na dhearbhrathair, Gen. xliii 30 . for (ar) l.¤ on the move : amal bis rothmol for luth, SR 199 . sailghe fada . . . ar luth fúithe, ALC ii 264.4 . a theanga . . . ar luth, MR 180.17 . a scor . . . ar l.¤ (leg. lúdh: úr) `at their speed', O'Gr. Cat. 474.19. eich ar l.¤, sról re sleghaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 100.191 . ar l.¤ ┐ ar luadhaill, TSh. 1677.

II

(a) power of movement, motion : is lúud leu teistiu fuile gl. veloces pedes eorum ad effundendum sanguinem, Wb. 2b1 . léim . . . .i. lūud sēim hē, Corm. Y 835 . bir co lúdh an automatic spit, Petrie's Tara 213.9 . lāth quasi luth [.i. iarsinní lúthas] `motion', Corm. Bodl. 10 . lūth ēoit futhachta glossed luthad do tre eút īar ndēnum fuiche de (one of four carnal sins), Anecd. v 25.3 . See fuiche. ilar n-én foleímdis tre lud eter na platantaib ordaib, BB 493b21 ( IT, ii2 99.1 `lustig', Alex. 597 ). re l.¤ éin, Duan. F. ii 368 § 22 . Of use of limbs: ma ro facad ní da luth isin cois `power', Laws iii 350.21 Comm . nim thá lúd hi cois no i llaim, LU 1256 ( Imr. Brain ii 288.3 ). lám argait co lánl.¤ cacha láma in cach meór (of silver hand of Nuadu), LL 1075 = BB 32b39 . laim airgid foair co luth cecai láma, RC xii 58 § 11 . mo chorp gan l.¤ , Keat. Poems 954 . l.¤ luaimneach a mhéar, 250 . tré iomad luith do bheith 'n-a chorp, Keat. ii 5216 . do thréig tu do l.¤ ┐ do neart, Oss. iv 2.3 . an mhuinghin . . . iona lúith (of King Cormac), Párl. na mB. 53 . Cf. perh. is mōr cosgar ruc le lūgh (: dūn), ZCP viii 229.11 .

Note also: ni duine iar fír he, acht diabul fo lúd duine in the guise of(?), LB 131b3 .

In various related senses: luth luas, Metr. Gl. Ff. 21 (v.l.). co rothóed in bó-sin / dá lóeg ar in l.¤ sin `because of her haste', Metr. Dinds. iv 70.18 . velocitatem .i. luth ōir bud lūaithi co mór . . . nā gaoth (of bodies of the glorious), RC xxviii 320 § 47 . ar imarcaid lúidh `excess of fleetness', MR 318.7 . Cf. fuluth .i. lūth foi, .i. utmall, Corm. Y 663. Feat: luth buadha glorious feat, Misc. Hag. Hib. 118.21 . in tsliasat tseng nó in glún geal / nachar mell lúgh d'a lingfeadh `never failed him in any athletic feat he might attempt', Ériu iv 218.12 . gasda a lúdh a dtrealam trom / leabar mong a súl rom ṡill, IGT Verbs ex. 739.

(b) In wider sense of vigour, power, energy : l.¤ Labrada, LU 3532 ( SCC 28 ) `the vehemence of L.', SGS vii 59 . l.¤ co ṅáni `power', Fél. Oct. 8 . la l.¤ aingel ngel / dobérthar nem dó power, LU 9861 . luth la fáebra, 8616 ( FB 46 ). l.¤ fiansa, TBC-LL¹ 5740 = luud fianna, TBC-I¹ 3423 (in rhetoric). in carpat . . . go ll.¤ go llúais, TBC-LL¹ 3374 . lassaid ar l.¤ lanésci, LU 7399 = BDD² 1027 . lingged ar failti . . . / David fria l.¤ (of D. dancing before the Ark of the Covenant), SR 6683. da cumuil dí dhóit ar luth ┐ nirt, Laws iv 362.1 Comm . fri l.¤ láech-Níall, Metr. Dinds. iv 222.8 . luth seirce sóerligi, LU 8328 ( FB 24 ). in Liath . . . co l.¤ ceithre crú, Comp. CC 102.2 . lúdh Fódla do-chíam na choinne, IGT Decl. ex. 1211. nirbo luth re letredh doib-suim ┐ nirbo turrac gan tubha, CCath. 5796 (prov. expressions describing weak opposition in battle). lúdh foda nach fuil n-a urd, Magauran 1278 `energy sustained but not methodical', Notes. o doficed a l.¤ lathair battle-fury, LU 6415 ( TBC-I¹ 1900 ). l.¤ lathair, TBC-LL¹ 1709 , 2559 . luth legha `a physician's strength' (name of letter ng in Briatharogham of Morann m. Máin), Auraic. 5561 . ní heasbaidh lúith ná láthair, Keat. Poems 1085. E. . . . co l.¤ leómain `with a lion's spirit', Metr. Dinds. iv 118.135 . l.¤ ┐ lámach dexterity and marksmanship: in mac rígh ba ferr l.¤ ┐ lámach, Acall. 223 . gan mac ríogh ná taoisigh ag fogluim lúith ná lámhaigh, Keat. iii 2771 . ní tacha lúid ná lámhaigh, O'Gr. Cat. 504.21 . ag dénaim lúidh ┐ lámuigh, 508.6 . See 2 lámach. Sustenance: lúth cethrae 'sustenance of cattle' Ériu xxxix 136 . lúth bech 'sustenance of bees' ibid . lúth lega 'sustenance of a leech' ibid .

g s. as attrib.: a gclesa lúith (leg. lúidh: búidh) athletics, O'Gr. Cat. 472.20 . almai énlaithe lúith speedy, LU 8662 ( FB 49 ). ra daṅgnigit drochti lúith di lúthechaib mobile, LL 239b1 ( TTr. 1675 ). raforbad ám in saethar sin co railaied for al-lind luith, LL 219a10 ( TTr. 144 ) (dock?). s dá dhá gealghlaic leabhra lúith nimble, Dánta Gr. 30.19 . baccain lūith, Celt. Rev. x 346.4 . cor luith, ZCP x 295.28 . a mhaighre lúidh learg Line active salmon (of prince), L. Cl. A. B. 121.43 . féitheach lúth (MS. lúith) a chuirp nimble muscles, Ériu v 180.300 . léim lúid (lúda) vigorous bound : ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1256 . táinic soin dá léim lúdha / béim súla ┐ goin ghrádha, ex. 989 . rugais ocht léimeanna lúidh (addr. to Christ, of Incarnation etc.), Dán Dé xxix 18 . tucc mo chroidhe gan léim lúith, ACL iii 305 § 6 . eite lúith: eite lúidh na lachan the plumage by which it can fly, IGT Verbs ex. 102 . Transferred: eite lúidh fheirge t'oidhir `thy Son's swift-speeding anger', Aithd. D. 67.27 . linn lúith life-blood: a linn lúidh gur fhear t'oidhir (of Christ on the cross), 19 (`lake of life'). mo dhínchrios taobha-sa, mo lionn lúdha-sa (of prince), DDána 70.11 . lionn lúith na locht, TSh. 2318.

In chevilles: l.¤ ro fes, LL 259a22 . luth n-alta, SR 3031. diluth glan with clear vigour, 5913 .

(c) joy, rejoicing : rongab l.¤ 'ma lan-aicsin, Metr. Dinds. iv 24.14 . subuchus ┐ l.¤ , TTr.² 527 . fáth lúidh is fáth faitcheasa / dhúinn an tráth fa ttiocfasa, IGT Decl. ex. 1058 . rogab luth lanmór iarla Aimbri ar faiccsin a maic `great joy', ZCP vi 76.22 . a lúdh innte dá huaisleacht `the bright joy in her is part of her noble nature', O'Hara 3514 . ro gabh l.¤ ┐ forbfailtechus iad, BNnÉ 110 § 44 . In phrase is l.¤ la x x is eager (to), pleased (with): ni solum (.i. luth) leis dul i cert he is not eager to resort to law, O'Curry 431 ( H 3.18, p. 234 ). rob l.¤ leo-san sin, ZCP xiii 197.5 . tochd ar cuan mar nar l.¤ linn `a thing we liked not', Magauran 2850 . Cf. ba luthmenma (? leg. l.¤ menma) lasin imperi na scēla-sin, ZCP vi 274.10 . O'Conbuidi as lúd lind `who is dear to us', Hy Fiach. 260.16 . lút[h] la cridhi (cheville), Snedg. u. Mac R 10 § 23.

Appar. in sense of 1 lúithech in: cengailter luth da laime deise `fasten your right hand', Ériu viii 56.32 .

Compds. Usually alliterating. ¤chles. In pl.: lúth-clesa leinim `dexterous feats of a child', MR 294.9 . ¤ettech: a lán lúitheitigh, L. Cl. A. B. 98.136 . ¤ḟoimtiu: tri trenbeimenna . . . do luthḟoimittin a lama defensive vigour(?) `sinews'(?), MR 300.25 . ¤gáir, -e, see separate entry. ¤géc: a labhartha sa lúithghéaga, Ó Bruad. iii 2.10 . ¤glacc: ar lagad . . . a lam ┐ a luthghlac umpu, LL 409b4 . ¤graig: lán do lúithghreadhaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 94.2 . ¤léim: clesamnaig fri clesaib ┐ lúth-léimendaib, Alex. 469 . ¤lige: ? conlee M. . . . / l. la C. `will be a rigorous bed-fellow', Imr. Brain i 24 § 51 = l.¤ lige `effective intercourse', Murphy Lyrics 39.19 cf. luth seirce, LU 8328 above. ¤rochtain: lúthrochtain dúine Dé, Aithd. D. 76. 20 . Note also: ech luath lutlugmar, LL 189a18 . See , 1 luud.

mélachtnaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mélachtnaigid or dil.ie/31880
Last Revised: 2019

 

v g, (cf. mélacht) puts to shame, confounds: guro melachtnaighem berla innani sin (= ut confundamus linguas eorum ), Auraic. 141 , cf. 2430 .

vn. ní ro folartnaigh dhó-somh a mmélachtnugadh he was not satisfied with having humbled them, Hugh Roe 152.21 (fo. 41 a) . mélachtnucchadh, AFM vi 2332.24 .

2 mér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 mér or dil.ie/31984
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: merenn, mera, mérai, merib

n f. (variant of 1 smér) orig. n-stem? cf. Thes. i 5.15 : occidit . . . moros eorum in pruina .i. fructus sicomiris [= sycomori?] nó merenn ` mulberry '. Name of a berry, blackberry? n p. mera derga, cæra glasa, LL 117b23 . mérai nó cnoi, Mon. Tall. § 13. meru mætnaide `Brombeeren', ZCP xiii 276.14 . d p. merib (gl. moris Eclog. vi 22 ), Thes. ii 361. mer quasi mur .i. imat . . . ar it imda na mera, Corm. Y 905 .

mí-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mí- or dil.ie/32121
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: míochoingiolla, mmíchomlabrai, mignímu, mí-imberta, miarlig, mibésaig, micerdaigh, miceirdighi, míchlodcha, michlothaigfetar, michlothaigthi, míchóirighthe, miochóruighedh, mídúthrastar, mignethi, mi-tn-imret, nómíonoraigeadh, mitomnadar

pejorative particle, possibly (as suggested by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 10 , cf. Wortk. § 9 ) orig. a compar. mis ` less ', akin to second syll. of Lat. nimis, a view supported by the compds. miscais `hatred' (<cais `love'), misimbert (see mí-imbert below) and perhaps misceird `evil step' (?), O'Dav. 392. In O. and earlier Mid.Ir. always pejorative, often opposed to compds. with caín-; in later lang. often a mere negative. Used in composition with (I) nouns, (II) adjs. derived from nouns or participial, (III) occasionally with vbs.; often used in etymol. glosses, e.g. milliud quasi mí-shilliud .i. drochshilliud, Corm. Y 858. The follg. list is illustrative only.

I Nouns: ¤accobar m. evil desire , Mon. Tall. § 62. ¤aided m. an evil fate, death: i mi-oidhedh .i. in drochbhas, Leb. Gab.(i) i 108 n. 6 . ¤ailges m. aversion, loathing: mi-ailgis bīdh, Rosa Angl. 270.23 ; 84.4 . ¤airde an evil token: mi-airdi, CCath. 967. ¤airilliud m. ill desert , Ml. 31c5 . todernama . . . ar a mmi-araltib, LU 2750 ( RC xxv 254.17 ). ¤airlabra evil-speaking, bad language: fer mí-urrlabra, CF 456. ¤airle evil counsel , Triads 243. tosach mi-arle malarta, Anecd. iii 16.22 . la mi-airle an áesa feigh, AFM vi 2208.22 . ¤airlech m. slaughtering: oc m. a chéile, TTr.² 1301. ¤airlégend f. a bad (false) reading: tria mi-erleginn, Hib. Min. 9.312 . ¤airmisme f. failing to hit the mark; incoherence: re mi-urmisme briathar (of a drunken man), O'Gr. Cat. 215.21. ¤altar m. bad fosterage , Laws i 168.1 . cen mialtur, ii 164.17 . ¤altram m. ill nurture: féth meic mi-altromma, MacCongl. 93.26 . ¤áradu evil plight: mí-aradha, BNnÉ 305 § 23 (= drochdhíol, St.). meiridhin .i. mi-aradha ` mis-disposal (?)', O'Dav. 1269. ¤aslach n. g s. in mí-aslaig (gl. malae persuasionis), Ml. 28b7 . ¤bal: míobhal .i. drochbhail, O'Cl. cen meirg ┐ cen m. `without obscurity', Metr. Dinds. iii 150.2 ; 224.24 . fo mibail ` ruin ', iv 178.5 . cóir . . . sás Murchaidh go míballa `that M.'s contriving should have unhappy issue', Caithr. Thoirdh. 69.26 . ¤bés m. evil custom or habit: in m. ┐ in mí-chostud sain, LL 231b7 ( TTr. 1048 ). don mnai co mmíbés, 210a58 . ar iumad . . . a míbes, LB 150a57 . ina míbesaib, PH 6949. cosc meirle ┐ mibés, AFM iv 1052.3 . ¤blas m.: fer míblais `of bad manners', CF 456. ¤bolad m. evil odour: do brentaid ┐ míboladh, CCath. 3484. ¤briathar f.: ro forfacaib-seom na mibriathra-sa dhoibh (i.e. curse), BB 266b26 . ¤chádus m. irreverence, disrespect: bannaomh dá dtugadar míochádhas, Keat. iii 865. a tibhraid do micadhus do cellaib ┐ d'ecclusaib, BCC § 127. ¤chatu m. disrespect, disesteem: michatu cuirp, cátu anman, LL 371c40 . micata ar in olaind `the wool is undervalued', Laws v 80.24 Comm. ina cataid coir . . . ina michataid, 392.21 . ¤chélmaine n. and m. evil prediction, augury: intíí doroine in michelmaine, LB 153a14 . ro thirchan mor do micelmaine, BDD 63 St. MR 22.10 . ¤chenél n. and m.: tre burba is tre mícheinél degeneracy of race (?), ZCP xiii 9.12 . Med. of wounds referring to festering, turning septic (?): ceirin ann so bacas don cneid dul a fedanaib linnidan ┐ a rithe ┐ ar micinel fliuch, Irish Texts v 10 § 19 . ar cnedaib teid a michinel, Irish Texts v 11.4 . ¤cheol n. and m. discordant music: ind miceol ro chansatt, RC xiii 6.8 . ¤chert wrong: (as pred.) is m.¤ in modh, Forus Foc. 21. ní bhfuil Dia micheart unjust , Luc. Fid. 223.11 . ¤chétfaid ill-will, grudge: mícheadfadh na bh Philistíneach, 1 Sam. xxix 7 . Jerem. x 10 . ¤chiall f. senselessness, folly , ACL iii 238 § 12. CCath. 5592. ar michēll wildly, at random , Metr. Dinds. iii 362. mar nech ar mícéill one out of his senses, RC xix 44 § 57. roba mer miceill (of a combat), CCath. 6010. gan miceill ` ravings ', Rosa Angl. 198.5 . ¤chinnemain f. evil destiny: in mhicheinneamain, Fl. Earls 34.13 . do bithin michinnemhna d'eirghi do na tigernaigibh, 26.8 . ¤chiúnas m. disquiet, trouble: a míciunass an tsaeghail-se, BCC § 248. ag léiccen an michiúnuis sin cuice, § 231 . ¤chlú n. and m. ill fame, evil report: ráinig míochlú an uilc sin fá Éirinn, Keat. iii 2132. ar miclú . . . ar ndeaghclú, ZCP xiii 181.31 . ¤cheomna: carthain caemna, miscais míchæmna bad cheer, MacCongl. 93.26 . ¤choingell m. breach of covenant, ill faith: feall . . . ┐ mícoingeall, IT ii2 137.1 . michoingell do denamh . . . ar mac nD., AFM iii 524.1 . in fer dorinne in míchongill air a thigherna, AU iii 600.19 . pl. míochoingiolla , Jerem. xiv 7. ¤chomairle f. evil counsel: micomuirle, Ériu v 120.6 . ¤chomall m. non-fulfilment or breach of promise: do mícomhull . . . a ceneoil, CCath. 1646. tria míchomhall a mbréithre, AFM ii 1176.15 . ¤chomlabra f. pl. inna mmíchomlabrai (gl. maleloquia), Ml. 61b26 . ¤chonách m. misfortune, ill-luck , CCath. 2718.

¤chor m.

(a) a bad throw, a miss: tarlaic D. . . . don tṡleig míled cen m. | urchur, Metr. Dinds. iii 134.

(b) legal term, an illegal or invalid contract (distinguished from dochor a disadvantageous contract), ZCP xiv 373 § 35. ma damut a micuru if they acknowledge their bad contracts, Laws ii 286.12 .

¤choscar m. defeat: MR 170.22 . i maidhm míochosccair, AFM iv 1064.22 . ¤chostud m. ill-behaviour, turbulence: in míbés ┐ in michostud, LL 231b7 . mór an t-anḟeth ┐ in michostadh ro boí 'sin Trói, TTr.² 1901. ro ghabh for miochostadh mór friss an bhfhilidh, AFM iii 178. 16 . ¤chrábad m. impiety: lucht míochrabhaidh, Dán Dé xxviii 1. ¤chride n. an evil heart; rancour: ni errachtatar lind . . . ferga na michride, Alex. 896. ¤chuimne f. an evil recollection: míchumne spiride, Mon. Tall. § 88. Forgetfulness: dermad nó mícuimne, O'Gr. Cat. 307.18. ¤chuit f. a bad share, an inferior portion: an mhíochuid, Content. xiii 23. ¤chuitiugad m.: lucht . . . michuidighthe maithesa opponents of goodness, AFM v 1850.2 . ¤chumtach m. misconstructing; (fig.) dismaying: do meath ┐ do michumdach midlach, MR 230.22 . ¤f. evil smoke: is mídé dūn in tene-si, RC xv 297 ( Dinds. 7 ), cf. Metr. Dinds. ii 44.3 . midhe .i. droichtheine, O'Cl. ¤delb f. ill appearance, ill looks: rachondaic C. mídelb ┐ míthemel bar Fer D., TBC-LL¹ 3651. midealb fuirri (= male formata est), Auraic. 473. ¤dénam m. evil-doing: trí mídenum frium, Ml. 71b9 . ar ná dernat mídénom isin tig, BDD 94. Not doing (= nem-d.): ic denum uilc ┐ ic midenum mathusa, BB 239a6 . Bad shape, form; ill appearance ? ag cesacht ormsa am mhídheilbh ┐ a[m] midhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 531 n. 1 . ¤dend bad colour: gnúis credhbhás mídhend . . . iar n-éccaibh, AFM i 562.10 . mídhionn .i. droch-lí, O'Cl. ¤derc f. an evil eye (glance): ni uil cola nā adaltrais nā mídherca lustful glances (?), BB 498b4 = IT ii2 105 . ¤desimrecht f. an evil example: arna rogabthar midesmrecht díb, Ml. 30d13 . mídesmerecht, Ériu ii 208.9 . ¤diach f. evil fate; ill-treatment: for ar himredh midhiach, CCath. 6024. Caithr. Thoirdh. 68.12 . AFM v 1676.14 . milleadh ┐ mídhiach na mainistrech, vi 1926.9 . mi-dingmaltacht 'unworthiness', 3 B 22 109a21 . ¤dóchus m. evil anticipations; distrust: an míodhóchas do bhí aige asta the suspicions he had entertained of them, Eochairsg. 115.10 . co ndechadh se a midóchus air lost faith in him, BCC § 297. docuatar a midochus nach fedfidis imtecht, § 295 . comartha midochuis a hopeless sign (of illness), Rosa Angl. 276.25 . midhocus as trocuire Dia despair of God's mercy, Études Celt. i 78.18 . ¤dóig f. want of hope, despair: míodhóigh a méad mo cheana, Dán Dé xxi 10. xiv 11 . ¤dúthracht f. (vn. of mí-dúthracair) an ill wish; ill will, malevolence: Wb. 20b12 . Ml. 49a18 a. pl. inna miduthrachta (gl. male vota), 61b27 . do mídúthrachtaib demnae, Hy. iii 6. bai miscais ┐ miduthracht oc cach dia cheile, Ériu vii 177.6 . CCath. 252. ¤écht m. a misdeed: miecht mór, BDD 33 App. ¤enech n. dishonour; inhospitality: ma doronais mo mi-eineach, Anecd. ii 78 § 5. muca mieinigh, 62.15 , cf. 63.2 . ¤érchlos evil report (?), Ml. 22b1 . ¤fácbál f. leaving (animals) unguarded or in danger? ar mifagbail (.i. ar in drochfagbail iter conu ┐ gatuide), Laws ii 56.19 . ¤fáilte f. an ill welcome: ferait mifáelti fris, LU 1391. ¤fiach m.: mífíacha .i. fiach brégi fictitious debts (?), O'Dav. 941. ¤fis mistake, delusion: ba m. .i. ba hanfis, Dinds. 51 ( RC xv 466 ). ¤focal m. an evil word: mifocul mna di araile, Laws i 146.32 . atmait meicc mifhoccuil, MacCongl. 17.15 (? n p.). A word of ill omen: is mifocal dūn, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 88.17) . As quasi-vn.: bator na druid ic m.¤ ┐ ic micelmaine dó, RC xxi 154. ¤foclad m. evil speaking, bad news: dobreth a mifhoclad do Ch., LL 119a16 ( RC xii 175 ). Reviling: feccaid in fili fora mifoclad in gilla, YBL 127a39 . Of prophesying evil : ro-bātor trā na druīd ic mīfhocladh ┐ ic mīchēlmaine 'the druids were prophesying evil and uttering ill-omens', BDC 106.48 . gabais for mīchēlmoine dint slúag ┐ for mīfhoclad 'began prophesying evil to the host and uttering ill omens', BDC 118.239 . ¤folad m. an illegal or unjust proceeding (Laws): mana tairiset a mignima nach a mifolaid ` disqualifications ', Laws ii 328.12 (`widerrechtliches Gehaben', Thurn. ZCP xiv 389 § 55 ). cadead mifolai[dh] daortha eclasa? Nī. beth gan bathais, cin comna, etc., Nero A vii fo. 133a ( O'D. 2190 ). Hence in general a wrong, grievance (generally in pl.): a mífholtae his misdeeds, RC xii 62 § 24 ; 'failure on his part to discharge his obligations' Peritia v 149 . do mifoltæ (.i. do mignim), Ériu viii 173.15 , cf. 174.15 . bá mór a mhioḟolta somh fri Cenel C. his grievances against (?), AFM vi 1930.7 . ro-chuimnigh a mhifolta fodhein fri Gallaibh, Hugh Roe fo. 16a . ¤fortacht f. bad help, a hindrance: ni furtacht . . . acht is mifurtacht, TBC-LL¹ 4665. ¤gairm n.: dá mígairm míthocaid `two ominous cries of ill luck', Triads 124. ¤gaisced m. cowardice: ni ḟetamar . . . comairli mettachta nā mígascid, LL 264b1 = MU 18.18 . MR 232.16 . ¤gné n. and f.: dorat m. d'ar menmain an evil mood, Metr. Dinds. ii 44. co m. moir fair in sorry plight, ZCP vi 44.22 . ¤gním m. an evil deed, misdeed: a p. inna mignímu (gl. malefacta), Ml. 138b5 . slán cach mairnes mignímu who informs of misdeeds, O'Dav. 1272. dilig dam mo mígnima, SR 7816. nos-millet ina mígnimaib, FA 29. dorinne míghníomh re n-a giolla féin misconducted herself, Keat. i 158 z . ¤gnóe ill favour, dislike? buidhne Bretan gan míognáoi, BNnÉ 214 § 84. diomdha is míoghnaoi fear bhfuinidh ` disfavour ', Content. xvi 195.1 . ¤grád n. dislike, aversion: cen mígrad fri nech, LB 261b14 . CCath. 2462.2 . ¤grád n. low rank or status: migradh for aes ndaer . . . ┐ daeini saera ina cataid coir, Laws v 392.23 Comm. ¤iartaige evil result, consequences: etir fhognam ┐ m. (i.e. serving false gods and the ill results thereof), Alex. 907.

¤imbert f. (vn. of mí-imbeir)

(a) playing false, deceiving: issi in m. asbeir (gl. imperitos decipiunt), Ml. 17c6 . do mí-imbirt, gl. ad decipiendum, 32a8 . ho mí-imbirt .i. ho thogais, 38a13 . do mi-imbirt críde na ṅdoíne n-amairsech, PH 1853.

(b) maltreating, injuring: in mí-imeirt dorónad ann .i. mac rige nime do crochad, PH 3311. g s. (as masc.) adaig in mí-imberta móir (i.e. the Crucifixion), LB 142a24 . fear millte ┐ mi-imbeartha Gall, AFM iv 914.5 . lá faicsin na mi-imberta dobretha for a corp, vi 2372.3 . Cf. misimbert.

¤imrádud m. evil meditation, ill thoughts: in mí-imradud, Ml. 79a5 . Mon. Tall. § 62. min-choibsena do mí-imratib, Rule of Tallaght § 16. ¤indithem evil intent: a mí-innithim for araile, CCath. 255. an mí-innethem baoi oca suidhe doib, Leb. Gab.(i) i 236.9 . ¤laechas m. unwarlike behaviour, cowardice: milaochas do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ 3160 St. nir bhó bás íar mílaochas, ALC i 426.12 . ¤laechdacht f. id. milaochdacht, TBC-LL¹ 3157 (St.). mílaechacht, IT ii2 135 n. 11 . ¤lepaid f.: g s. (as attrib.) míleptha ` bedless ', O'Dav. 1150. ¤lind f. ? g s. (as attrib.) co fúair mandir mílinde met the ring of battle in evil hour, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.4 . ¤maise f. disfigurement: mimaisi (gl. dedecor), Ir. Gl. 1103. dobudh mo a maisi dhó inā mhímhaisi it was more of a beauty than a disfigurement to him, ZCP x 285.22 . ¤mana an evil omen , Duan. F. i 86.22 . ¤méin ( ¤mian) f. evil desire, disposition: cumann míméine an illicit attachment, Keat. iii 4977. ar mhothughadh a mhimhéine, TSh. 2110. Dejection (?): an mhímhéin ar m'aire, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 14. ¤meisnech m. discouragement: meatacht ┐ mímheisnech, Keat. iii 2858. adhbhar mímheisnigh, TSh. 8519. Deuter. i 21. ¤menma dejection: as é sin . . . do mhédaigh mo mhímhenma, Ériu v 198.619 . re hegla ┐ mimenmoin mhoir, Aisl. Tond. 122.2 . ¤mes misjudgement, mistake: co finnamar cen m., Anecd. ii 34.21 . asbert an ben . . . ni bo mimes, a ainm dileas for cach, i 62 § 100 . Disesteem, disrepute: gairm cen m., Metr. Dinds. iii 2. Dóach Móelchend mímis `of ill fame ', 302 . dochóidh an ghabhail sin . . . a m. ┐ a míonóir do Dhiarmait brought loss of esteem and honour to D., AFM vi 2174.3 . ní mímheas ar máthair nDé | gan mé im bráthair dhíleas dí no reproach to, PBocht 52 § 5. atá se . . . ar n-a mhímheas ag na daoinibh rejected of men, Isaiah liii 3. ¤mír n. a bad or dangerous morsel (of food): mimir do cor do coin (.i. da promad . . . .i. froma uptha), Laws i 176.4 , 180 . ¤mod dishonour, reproach: go tuc sé mímogh ┐ scandail mor dó, BCC § 122. ar fhuilingis . . . do mhasla ┐ mhímhodh, Mac Aingil 45.15 . ¤muinteras m. unfriendliness, hostility: mothucchadh míomhuinnterais ┐ airrdhe essaonta, AFM vi 2096.9 . ¤náire f. shamelessness: fri mnai mir co mínaire, LL 386a49 . ¤nert m. debility , O'Gr. Cat. 504.36. ¤óg f. an unchaste woman: 'na mío-óigh mhnaoi, IGT Decl. ex. 1310. ¤onóir f. dishonour , AFM vi 2174.3 . an mhioghonoir donither d'a n-iomhaighthibh, Luc. Fid. 215.7 . ¤phairt f. disfavour, dislike: ge tām ag tuar do miphairte in danger of incurring thy disfavour (?), ZCP xii 383.24 = ag túr do mhíopháirte `profiting by thy foes' (?), Dán Dé xvi 7. ¤rand f. a bad share; an evil lot (?): dom mac . . . bias for miroind meraighthi eter drongu derbhfhine, LL 386b3 . ¤rath m. bad luck, ill fortune , MacCongl. 13.17 . ar derchaine ar mirath, LL 360 marg. sin. mac míraith, Acall. 1884. MR 300.10 . gorta mór . . . is iomad míoratha, Keat. ii 3724. ¤riagail f. a breach of rule, transgression: miriaghuil, Proverbs xix 11. ¤rian an evil course: ba chóir . . . nár mhian leat mo mhírian, Oss. vi 184.8 . ¤riar f. (later ¤réir) disobeying, not complying with (the wishes of), with obj. gen.: is mairg duit mo mhíriar, Oss. vi 186.12 . muna ndearnaid mo mhíréir-si if they do not disobey me, ITS xvi 82.20 . míréir Chiaráin do dhéanamh, Keat. iii 833. gan míréir do neach without opposing any one, Hackett xl 29. ¤rogu an evil choice: is míraghu a denamh anocht, ZCP viii 551.27 .

¤rún m.

(a) an evil secret, mystery? topur . . . asa maided cech m. `every kind of mysterious evil', Metr. Dinds. iii 28. a chartad . . . ind eich móir cosin m. `the great horse of magic power', iv 66 .

(b) evil intent; ill will, malice: ba forréil m. ┐ miscais forru, LL 244a8 ( TTr. 2023 ). do mhair miorún an righ do Maodhócc, BNnÉ 225 § 123. ro mothaigius a mírún umum their ill will to me, ZCP xiii 209.12 . ag meabhrughadh míorúin ┐ mailíse, TSh. 3042.

¤scél n. and m. an evil report; bad tidings: in lucht tuc in miscel leo (of the ten spies), LB 123b24 . mifocul ┐ misgel (= calumny), Laws i 56.3 Comm. athgabail fir misciu[i]l `a man by whom a calumnious story has been circulated', 194.22 . iar n-indill in mísceóil after telling the evil news, MS. Mat. 474.34 . iar mísceol, IT iii 52.8 . ¤scíam m. ugliness: ar bhfaicsin mísgéimh na mná, Oss. vi 90. ¤scribend bad writing, mistakes in writing or copying? míscribend do gne eolais | do lucht uilc in aneolais | nó lucht ind eolais ní ferr | gníit ar múin miscribend, LL 144a28 . mo dhamh [= dhú] míscribinn `the place in which I scribble', O'Gr. Cat. 120.6 (scribe's note). ¤shén m. ill-luck: ar uair mishein, Études Celt. i 79.28 . ¤spéis f.: is mor mo mīsbēis dejection (?), ZCP viii 230 § 14. ¤stuaim f. want of sense, ability: ma dorindetar misdúaim `if they had acted imprudently', BCC § 220. is eslainte ┐ as misduaim an arrsaidhecht, § 67 . ¤thaeb mistrust : tug siad dōthchas ar mhī[o]thaobh, Celtica iv 109 § 9 . ¤thaem m. an evil fit, paroxysm, turn: feall ┐ meabal ┐ mítháem do denum air ` guile' (?), Fianaig. 70.5 . fóir mo mhíothaoma!, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 7 . i muirt na míothaom ┐ na mór-olc, TSh. 6637. crádh liom do gheimhliughadh daor | 's gan tadhall dhuit ar mhíthaom, MS. Mat. 567.18 . ¤thaitnem m. displeasure: míothaithnemh, Triads p. 40 § 172. Psalms vi 1. eagla na feirge . . . ┐ an miothaitnidh [sic] móir, Deuter. ix 19. ¤thapad m. mishap, accident: tre dhrochfhortúin nó míothapadh, Mac Aingil 288.4 . duine do mharbhadh dhuine oile le míothapad, Luc. Fid. 104.13 . ¤theist f., ill-repute: MR 314.19 . drochbhaladh mítheasta, TSh. 1732. pl. a mítheasta . . . i mbéalaibh na druinge, 9530 . ¤themel m. gloom: rachondairc C. m. mór bar Fer D., TBC-LL¹ 3651. ¤thocad m. misfortune, ill luck , Triads 109. ¤thoimtiu f. a false opinion: ni mithoimtiu dúib-si, is fírbriathar Dé, Wb. 24d22 . Suspicion: ro ghabhsat Goill miothoimhdin mhóir don Iarla, AFM v 1858.5 . mithoimhdin do thabhairt dó to suspect him, Hugh Roe f. 14a . ¤thol f. evil will or inclination: g s. inna mmithule (gl. malae voluntatis), Ml. 33d3 . gresacht . . . elscot[h]achda ┐ mitholi, Alex. 871. toil a chuirp ga sirdenam | ┐ mithoil na hanma, LB 41 marg. inf. Unwillingness: do mhithoil righ Sassan against the will of, JRSAI ii 336.31 . ¤thorad m. evil fruit: crann cain co mithorud, ZCP vi 267 § 2. ¤thorbae ill-profit, unprofitableness: is mitharba lend cach main . . . it' ingnais, RC xiv 400 § 4 . teid sin a ndimhaoiness ┐ a mitharba, Fl. Earls 24.3 . ¤thormach decrease: gl. incrementum (misunderstood as = decrementum), Ir. Gl. 756. ¤thrócaire f. mercilessness: an mhíothrócaire ┐ an cruadháil, TSh. 4392. lucht na míthrócaire, BCC § 138. ¤thurus (<tururas?) an evil foreboding or omen: bui gráin mór foraib . . . ┐ míthauraras, BDD 63 (= mithaurassa, YBL, miturusa, Eg.). batár iarsain na mithaurússa (.i. drochmenmand) imómna foraib, § 36 . bátar míthurussa imda fair, FB 84. batar mithurusa ┐ dorchraiti . . . occo, YBL 180b1 = SG 253.5 . miturusa móra ┐ airrdhe aighthidhe, CCath. 4772. míothurusa .i. drochfhaistine, O'Cl. Cf. comthururas (gl. incursus), Ml. 56a22 , 24 .

II Adjs. (chiefly those formed from nouns): ¤accobrach having evil desires: in míocoburach, PH 87. ¤adbal: ingen magrúin míadbail `of evil power', Metr. Dinds. iii 136.32 .

¤airlech giving evil counsels (? ill-advised): a s f. ni thuca in miarlig míepertaig, LL 346a17 .

¤bésach of evil behaviour: a s f. ni thuca in lithig mibésaig , ZCP viii 113.2 . meirligh mibhésacha, AFM v 168.16 . do pecthaibh míbhésacha, Études Celt. i 83.15 . ¤bladach of ill fame , ZCP vii 298.25 . ¤briathrach scurrilous: do mnai meblaig míbriathraig, TTebe 2235 . ¤cherdach plying an evil trade or calling: v s m. a muidh micerdaigh base hireling, ZCP vi 282.11 . g s f. do mian na merdrighi miceirdighi , 276.19 . ¤chétfadach: in duine . . . bhiss míchédfadach da dhedoibrightibh unconscious of , Études Celt. i 78.7 . ¤chiallmar not in one's proper senses: co mbat mesca miciallmair, BB 255a45 . ¤chlothach infamous: a p f. míchlodcha (gl. nefarias), Ml. 134b4 . ¤chlúach ill-famed: sech cairrgib michluacha Sciroin, TTebe 255 . ¤chlúmar id.: miclemar [sic], gl. difamosus, Ir. Gl. 656. Cf. míochlúiteach, Ezekiel xxxvi 3. ¤choingellach: Israel míochoingiollach backsliding , Jerem. iii 6. ¤chomairlech: Média m. full of evil counsels (? designs), LL 220b48 = TTr. 275. ¤chorach: is foglaid selba cach micorach `he . . . who makes a bad contract', Laws i 202.4 . do cinn cach meamuir micoruigh, ii 290.21 , cf. O'Dav. 950. ¤chráibtech impious , ZCP x 338 § 2. ¤chreitmech unbelieving, infidel: go ttiocfattis mórán dona míchreidmechaib dochum creidme, BNnÉ 232 § 145 . go hainffesach michreidmeach, Fl. Earls 112.30 . ¤chruthaigthe misshapen: gl. informis, Sg. 5a7 . ¤chuimnech forgetful: micuimneach, gl. immemor, Ir. Gl. 1111. ¤chumachtach: denaib michumachtgib, gl. male potentibus, Ml. 29a9 . ¤dánach (dán `destiny') ill-fated, unlucky: gus in Mairt mallachtaig midhánaig, MR 110.17 . ¤demonnach devilish: Pluton mebhlach midhæmunnach, RC x 180.21 . ¤dingbála (g s. as adj.) unworthy: midingbala, gl. indignus, Ir. Gl. 669. me . . . am' serbfhogantaid midhingbala, BCC § 65. ¤dóchusach hopeless, despairing: midhochusach, Fl. Earls 134.22 . ¤échtach incapable of brave exploits: bid . . . meirtnech . . . miechtach bethir for fúait na Greci, LL 234a36 = TTr. 1279. ¤epertach given to evil speaking ? see mí-airlech above. ¤ḟoclach foul-mouthed, scurrilous: eachlach mifoclach, YBL 177a37 . ¤ḟoltach wanting proper qualifications (leg. term): urgnuma in mifoltaig `the service of the unqualified' (oppd. to sofoltach), Laws ii 366.12 , cf. 394.12 . ¤gaelmar unkinsmanlike: Mac M. . . . do mharbhadh go míoghaolmhar lá a dearbrathair, AFM v 1726.15 ; 1326.7 . ¤gnéech of evil or pitiable aspect: cleireach bocht mighneach, BNnÉ 165 § 36. [aghaidh] teimlighthi mignéthech, ITS xvi 66.9 . ¤labartha, -ch ill-speaking: go míolabhartha, TSh. 3039. an béul míolabharthach, Proverbs viii 13. cona trichait cath mbaitel . . . milabartacha (barbarisch redende Schlachthaufen, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 5592 St. Windisch, TBC-LL¹ p. 808 n. 7 , would assign to this word bilaburthach, PH 8181. ¤laechda unwarlike, craven: meatta míolaochdha, TSh. 7332. ¤láthair `without strength', Ériu v 80.16 . ¤lesaigthe ill-cared, ill-nourished: mílesaigthi, O'Dav. 1150. fo múich milessaigt[h]i `under the vapours of bad feeding', MacCongl. 93. 20 , is prob. g s. of vn. ¤mesarda immoderate: drochaer mimessardha anffallain, Fl. Earls 240.17 . ¤nádurda unnatural: pecadh mínádur[dh]a na fer ┐ na mban, Maund. § 92 . gluasacht minadurtha, ITS xiv 110.10 . Luc. Fid. 42.13 . ¤náirech shameless: le gnúis mhíonáirigh, Proverbs vii 13. ¤ordamail irregular, inordinate : bith a fis agaib gurob du dona feraib ┐ dona mnaib ... gan beith miordamail a mbiad no a ndig, Irish Texts v 60 § 43 . ¤órduigthe inordinate : fonn mí-órduighthe, Celtica i 191.1002 , cf. 192 .1007, 192.1016 . ¤rathmar graceless; unlucky, inauspicious: Leaburcam . . . mirathmar mallachtach, BB 257b29 . gabhal mhirathmhar mhara lan do piastaibh, Ériu iii 164 § 20. 'san maidin mhiorathmhair sin, ML 142.15 . ¤réid not smooth, rugged: as subst. a rough or uneven place: a muigib ┐ a miredib na Bethile, LB 133a5 . ¤rúnach ill-intentioned, malicious , Ériu v 164.23 . misccnech míorúnach, AFM vi 2324.9 . teagasg míorúnach, ML 118.6 . ¤scíamach unsightly, hideous: ech m., SG 260.14 . mísgiamach (= ignominiosum), O'Gr. Cat. 216.35. ¤snímach anxious, distressful: sgrech aduathmur mishnimach, ZCP vi 64.18 . ¤stuamda: drochduine misduama miglic ` reckless ', BCC § 287 , cf. mí-stuaim. ¤thaemach troubled, uneasy: i mainnir mhíothaomaigh an domhain, TSh. 2711. ¤thaemannach (variant of preceding?): merdreach mailisech míthæmannach ` unhappy ', ZCP vi 275.17 . in ríghain mhalísech mhíthaomnach, ZCP xxxiii 135 § 23 . ¤thesta ill-attested: do scríobh go meardhána mítheasta without evidence, Keat. i 10.23 . ¤thestach of evil report, infamous: is mítheastach a gcéime (= infames gressus eorum ), TSh. 1473. ¤thoicthenach unfortunate : de infortunio iure (causari) .i. den dligud mithoicthenach 'about the unfortunate law' Ériu lv 8 . ¤thoimtenach: ni pá mithomtinach o neoch be not ready to think evil of others (?), SCC 26. in clann colach ┐ na maic mitoimdenacha evil-minded (?), D IV 2, 45va11 . ¤thoiscid ill-provided, lacking necessaries , O'Dav. 1150. ¤threbar imprudent, foolish: a giolla mitreabair!, ZCP i 137.6 . ¤threorach weak, inefficient: mílid m., ZCP xiii 204.11 . Compar. gurab boichte mítreoraighe é ina an té da mbenann a chuid, Ó Héodhusa 174.13 . ¤thrócar merciless: in triar ridiri . . . do marbudh co mitrocar, ZCP vi 35.29 . ¤thrócairech merciless: don druing mhíothrócairigh, TSh. 4684. Failing to obtain mercy, doomed: anam miotrocairech ` hapless ', BNnÉ 66 § 102 . ¤thuicsech inconsiderate, foolish: uaibhrecht m., RC xxiii 10.3 . co bfedain mearda miothuiccsigh ` merciless' (?), AFM v 1696.12 . ¤thuicside id.: a amadáin mhituicside!, RC xix 134 § 106.

III Verbs. mí-aipir (ess-ber-): ní m. (gl. non mala dicit), Ml. 56d16 . ¤airlither counsels ill: is besad do cach graig . . . hi toin mna mi-s-r-airlestair who has misled them, TBC-I¹ 3648. ¤chiallaid: do miciallad e do briathraib serba his senses were confused(?), ZCP x 307.15 . ¤chiallaigid (intrans.): do mhichialluigh sí dhá ttaoibh she doted upon them, Ezekiel xxiii 16. ¤chlothaigid defames: pass. fut. ní michlothaigfetar (gl. defamabuntur), Ml. 143c3 . part. michlothaigthi (gl. infaustos), Sg. 34b1 . ¤choimétaid keeps (observes) ill: michoimétaid ar saboti-ne profanes , PH 2587. ¤chóraigid ( ¤chóirigid) disorders, throws into confusion, mishandles, maltreats: marbhaid ┐ míochóirighid a mhuinntear, TSh. 1083. part. gur bho malartach . . . míchóirighthe in cúigedh disordered , Ériu viii 134.32 . vn. do ghabh ag[a] marbadh ┐ aga miochóruighedh , RC xxix 126 § 32. do chonncadar . . . an chríoch i mbaoghal a millte is a míochóirighthe, Keat. iii 5112. ¤dúil(ig)id dislikes, loathes: míodhúiligh an t-anam bhíos lán an chriathar meala, Proverbs xxvii 7.

¤duthracair (dep.) wishes ill (to): 3 s. fut. ar cech ṅduine mídúthrastar dam, Thes. ii 356.19 ( Hy. vii ); (midústhrastar, -dúthracair, -duthracur MSS.).

¤gní does ill: part. (as subst.) mignethi, gl. malefacta, Ml. 28c20 .

¤imbeir plays false, deceives: subj. pr. 3 p. mi-tn-imret (gl. decipere), Ml. 74b22 . intí mí-imerthar ón bethaid daenna (= qui . . . decipitur), PH 4657.

¤láithrigid: do bhog ┐ do mhílaithridh é féin dochum na deabhtha `pressed forward', Ériu v 182.333 . ¤modaid treats with disrespect, dishonours: do mhiomhodhadar m'ainm, Ezekiel xxxvi 20. ¤onóraigid dishonours: 3 s. impf. nómíonoraigeadh, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 1. ¤thadbat (to-ad-fiad-): mithadbait, mitharfaid `thou shewest badly, thou hast shewn badly', RC xxvi 16 § 16. ¤thaitnid displeases: an tan mhithaithnes ar ndeaghoibre re duine oile, Parrth. Anma 457.9 . do mhíothaitin anni dorinne D. ris an tTighearna, 2 Samuel xi 27. ¤thomuinethar believes or thinks evil, suspects: ? subj. ní mitomnadar o neoch, ZCP iii 452.29 (cf. mítoimtenach above).

mraithemnacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mraithemnacht or dil.ie/32619

 

Forms: mmraithemnachtae

n ā, f., treacherousness, guile: g s. inna mmraithemnachtae , gl. iniquae simulationis, Ml. 31d13 , 133a2 (-nechtae). dég a mmraithemnachta, gl. propter [eorum ] dolositatem, 91c14 .

2 séimidecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 séimidecht or dil.ie/36923
Last Revised: 2019

 

n [ā, f.] (cf. 1 séimed) power of producing semen (?): magarla na nainmidhi bis druith co nadurtha ┐ dona neithib aga fuil seimidecht = testiculi animalium ex natura libidinosorum; & eorum quaedam talia sunt quadam proprietate ipsius naturae, Irish Texts v 54y .

1 suth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 suth or dil.ie/39339
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: soth, suith

n u m. (see GOI § 309 ). Occas. also soth (: loch, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.23 ). g s. suith, Fianaig. 4.3 . IGT Decl. § 72 .

(a) fruit, produce : etrud .i. etar-s.¤ .i. etar madin ┐ fescur. s.¤ .i. torad, O'Mulc. 470 . na sothe .i. ní dofhuisim terra `the products', Sg. 64a14 . as máthir a shotho feissin cach nóen chrann, 65a6 . cunar lans.¤ (gl. occidit in grandine uineas eorum ) so that they gave not their full produce, Thes. i 5.14 (leg. cunarbu lánsuth, Thes. ii 415 ). is tre fhír flathemon cach s.¤ sóinmech, ZCP xi 83 § 29 . co ngeiltis a fhér ┐ a s.¤ co lár ┐ co lántalmuin, ZCP v 501.2 (= Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 42.13 ). co na fil . . . s.¤ no torad im-muir na hi tir, PH 4239 . s.¤ nglē (cheville), ML² 146 . s.¤ na talmhan, DDána 74.13 . teas i sín, s.¤ i bhfoghmhar, 99.19 . ? hi teclamar torsuth 'in which produce is gathered' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 134 § 25 (MS.).

(b) offspring, issue, progeny . Of human beings: s.¤ .i. clann, H 2.15A, 182 marg. inf. soth .i. beiriotas, O'Cl. úair ná tarmaltad a s.¤ , LU 4281 . dar cend trín a sotha sláin `in return for a third part of all their progeny', Metr. Dinds. iv 20.19 . is de asbertha na Fothaig friu .i. fotha-suith iat, ar isí cétchlann ruc Fuinche iat do Macnia `a foundation of offspring', Fianaig. 4.3 = tri Fothaid .i. tri fosuith .i. sotha maithi iad . . . .i. fotha sotha iad, BB 254b42 . cétgeine cacha sotha ┐ primgene cacha cloinde `of every issue', Dinds. 85 ( RC xvi 35 ). cuingidh a rīgh raith | go sídh is go s.¤ | rīgan fhēta fhial `for peace and offspring', KMMisc. 276.1 .

Of animals: amal donemat eoin a suthu `as birds protect their young', Ml. 39c22 . érsná súthaib `after the offsprings' gl. depost fetantes, Thes. i 5.33 . ri rosfaillsig . . . | fo lígdath fri didnad s.¤ | fri crínad, fri hurugud (of herbs) for the comfort of creatures, SR 7283 . luidset in soth co sír-blad | cosin loch dia lán-dídnad, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.23 (of pigs). robatar treoit caerach co ndath oir for a n-[o]laind ┐ for a sutaibh lambs, BB 413a14 . intan aipgiges a sotha ina bruinn, CCath. 4143 . s.¤ a chruidh ní théid na theach, IGT Decl. ex. 1559 .

(c) milk (mostly in glossaries): uth .i. ōn tṡ.¤ .i. ōn loimm asberar, Corm. Y 1283 . `glinne' sut[h] co sir-buaine, glossed .i. lacht, Metr. Gl. 3.19 . s.¤ .i. lacht, O'Curry 1488 ( H 3.18, 663 ). nemeth bó .i. nem-s.¤ .i. s.¤ lacht. ar is ō lacht atā nemtenc[h]us do cethra, ut dicitur . . . rocar . . . slēbe in s.¤ , O'Mulc. 830 e . s.¤ .i. lacht, Lec. Gl. 164 . teora ba blechta .i. ba fir a mbeith co s.¤ , Laws i 64.18 Comm . (in gloss on: teora ferba fira, 1 ). bud terc s.¤ na loilghech, ZCP x 50.8 . Note also (or to súg?): batar . . . sochaide . . . i ngallruib examla . . . do'n t-shúth nime ticed do'n draic sin, PH 2491 . o shúth nemi na nathrach, 2509 .

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