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aittenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aittenn or dil.ie/2832
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. See LEIA but also Études Celt. xxxvi 63 . furze, gorse: paliurus .i. . . aiten, Thes. ii 46.18 ( Philarg. 18 ). rusco .i. aittiun, 47.8 (ib. 50 ), 48.30 (ib. 119 ). aitend .i. āith-tend, sech is āith is tend, Corm. Y 56 . onn .i. aiten, Auraic. 1194 . is on aitenn tucad int ainm is onn frisin fidh n-ogaim, 5582 . lossa fedha .i. aitean, fraech, gilcach . . ., 1156 . int aitend no in fraoch, 2834 . sliabh fraich ┐ aiteann, Laws iv 276.19 Comm. aiteand, dris, fraech, 148.1 . im dire . . . do aitin do luachra, i 166.29 . biaid immad aittin ann / i tírib áilli Érann , Metr. Dinds. iv 306.23 . tri droighnibh ┐ drisibh ┐ aitinn arrachta do chirrbadh a cuirp, Études Celt. i 85.23 . ro tréghdadh a throighthe . . . lá haitten an tsleibhe, AFM vi 1900.13 . ? nír adba rosc fír ineithle maíssi aitind serthi capaill, IT iii 99 § 164 . As sobriquet: Oengus cenn aittinn, Rawl. 152a51 . Compds. ¤-chaithrech having furze-like body-hair: Ethne Aitencáithrech, LU 3246 ( SCC 4 ). Mugain Aitencaetrech, 8405 ( FB 28 ). M. Etanchaithrech, TFerbe 119 . re M. Aitinchairchech (sic), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 22.6 . See Ériu i 117 note . ¤-garbh: san tír aimhreidh aiteanngarbh, Cog. 100.12 . ¤-ṡlíab: mar cech n-attennṡlíab, Metr. Dinds. iv 140.4 .

1 cacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cacht or dil.ie/7531
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -a

n g s. -a.

(a) person in bondage, slave : admider de .uii. cachta cichside crissa, secht moda mogu (sic) fíthe mórgníma moghsaine I adjudge therefor seven slaves which girdles will encircle(?) (judgement of Sencha), O'D. 2204 (Nero A vii, 141b), cf. c.¤ .i. cumal nó innillt, ut est secht cachta cichsite crissu, O'Dav. 345 . admiudur de secht cactu (.vii. cumala, LB) cichsite crísu, Corm. Bodl. 16 (s.v. mann). c.¤ .i. cumal .i. bantraill, O'Mulc. 265 . c.¤ .i. cumhal, O'Cl.

(b) bond, fetter; bondage, captivity, confinement : manimthair c.¤ na cumrech, SR 1280 . di ócbáe . . . / alloeg fo gaile cachta, 5427 . dosrat fo chrúach cachta, 6739 . fofuctha i cachtaib co cían / is in carcair co Iosíaph, 3264 . Petar fo ch.¤ cuibrig, Gorm. 1 . mo máthair do brith a c.¤ , Ériu iv 98.2 . is comus cachta berar [for] uisque hi tirib Gréc `power of impounding', Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). rogabta i cact they were taken prisoners, AU i 336.11 . Of sieges: rogabadh c.¤ foraib i mMaen Chonain they were besieged, AU i 374.13 . slogad la D. . . . do ch.¤ for Gallu Atha Cliath `to besiege', 458.4 . ar a n-gabtis c.¤ dicein fris in longport, 434.20 . ? Of impounding cattle: [g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged, Laws ii 76.19 . ? Of obligatory service: ni dleaghar . . . cáin na c.¤ , Leb. Cert. 124.16 . ? is indligthech do rig na tecmalla dail cachta do indechad in uilc, H 3.18, 249.13 . Note also: fo chléire cachta, SR 5991 . cléir chachta `band of bondmen', Metr. Dinds. iii 158.17 .

(c) In fig. and extended uses. Duress, hardship; asceticism : da raibh i ngalur no i c.¤ , Ériu xix 8 § 9 . dogné túaslucud cachtae (cachta MS.) `practise deliverance from bondage' (rule for holy life), Ériu i 198.5 . robu inmuin c.¤ (of the religious life), 138.13 . fiad na slógaib i sír-ch.¤ `trance', Metr. Dinds. iii 224.14 . Esp. of fasting : iar sirc.¤ in chorgis `after the long privations of Lent', Mon. Tall. 156.6 (§ 68) . iar mbuaid cravaidh is cacta, Ériu xix 12 § 4 . c.¤ .i. trosgadh, O'Cl. c.¤ .i. gorta, Lec. Gl. 291 . Stowe Gl. 267 .

Constraint, compulsion (almost equivalent to gess, Plummer MS. notes): ro gaib Fuaimnech . . . c.¤ for rigraid Teamrach cin digh cin biadh . . . co ro ícdais i dalta fria, O'Curry 2361 ( Eg. 88, 28 (29)a ). c.¤ do gabail for rigraid Erann , 2363 (ib.).

Of the body (regarded as a prison after the fall): lecid mo chorp . . . / inna ch.¤ cen chumscu[gu]d, SR 2058 . Perh. also nocon alaind mar atai / cid ardotralaid hi c.¤ ? 1307 . luid . . . asa ch.¤ (of the death of Colum C.), LU 653 . a alt a olcc / a ch.¤ a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . mo brig brig ro scaich a c.¤ , YBL 316b19 . Note also: Lugaid . . . / rocrīch a c.¤ / fo gné glaine . . . his life, ZCP xii 379.21 .

(d) Various: ós Charmun c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 8.87 . ro cuiread in cath go c.¤ , Todd Nenn. lxix 23 ( BB 43b11 ). Cf. c.¤ common, general ; fa c.¤ generally , O'R.

Common in chevilles: a Christ cen ch.¤ , ZCP i 497.9 . rotfīa mo chen-sa cin c.¤ , vi 266 § 7 . búaid cen ch.¤ , LU 3753 ( SCC 54 ). bad adba chaingen can ch.¤ , SG 366.29 . Críst . . . mór da c.¤ , BS 32 . deoda in c.¤ , Fél. xxv § 7 . cialla c.¤ , SR 2335 . caṅgnib gleraib, gloraib c.¤ , 4569 . fo chucht c.¤ , 6169 . cuairt c.¤ , 6551 .

As n. pr. C.¤ mac Ilguine, ZCP viii 217 § 6 .

In n. loc. rí Cairn Chachta, LL 24089 .

Compd. cēsud do c[h]uirp c[h]achtbāin pale from bondage, ZCP viii 232 § 3 .

caínid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caínid or dil.ie/7839

 

Forms: caíned, caínti

v (We. cwyn, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 125 ). IGT Verbs § 71 .

(a) With personal object laments, bewails (death of), `keens ': coínti a ndúnad n-ule Fraech, LU 5235 ( TBC-I¹ 758 ). con ro choiniur crist, Blathm. 145 . caoiniostair cach a primghein (of slaying of first-born of Egyptians), 79 . rochain a chommam, Trip.² 161 . [a]n frim, orsí, coro chainiur mocheile, RC viii 62.11 ( LL 13539 ). Fraech . . . is ed cháinmaid-ni, YBL 58b13 . caínfitit túatha Érann `the tribes of the E. shall keen him', Metr. Dinds. iv 306.32 . Ferdub oc Trustin tóeb-glain / rocáinte na caemṡaeglaig `their equal date was lamented', iii 76.134 . mairg súile . . . na rochainsetar he (of suffering Christ), PH 3310 . níor chaoin a chlann (of Job), DDána 46.16 . trí meic Tuireann — tearc nar chaoin, 64.27 .

(b) With other objects (sin, calamity, etc.) regrets, deplores, weeps at: innaní choínte gl. deplorantium calamitates suas, Ml. 29b4 . coínid gl. deplorat quod . . . , 30d4 . co nu coined gl. peccatum . . . deploraret, 32b13 . coineas gl. ista quae deplorat, 102a23 (see GOI 57 ). coinde gl. deplorantium . . . adversa, 126d5 . cointer golgat gac duine, Blathm. 125 . coínis in lobra a galair, LU 10756 ( TE 12 ). cōinis a himned pris complained of her trouble to him, ACL iii 1.14 . in cath i mBrí Cobthaig Cóil / cōintit ile, cóintit cóim, ZCP xiii 375.1 . níor chaoin I-óib a othra, DDána 46.15 . mo chlōine . . . / co roc[h]ōine mē, ACL iii 232.14 ( Ériu vi 113 § 6 ). chaointear leis na naoidheanaibh (of original sin), TSh. 2594 .

(c) Intrans. With prep. DO: follus . . . co cáined in doman do bás M. = ejusdem mortem lugeret, Lat. Lives 99.8 . i torchair tricha cét caínid / do na trēnaib, LL 23606 , taken as cheville `bewail them', Arch. Hib. ii 59 § 16 . Absol.: cóinmi gl. ingemescimus, Wb. 4a23 . ro chaoinsiot . . . / dia bfesdaois a deghduili, Blathm. 67 . cūinfider hūas Cúalgiu beinn / domnach etir dī calaind, ZCP xii 236 § 54 . dia na-cainedh if she had screamed, Laws v 274. 15 Comm.

Vn. caíned. Vbl. of necess. caínti.

Dáirine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dáirine or dil.ie/14288

 

Forms: Dairḟine, Dáirḟiniu

pn Dárinne io, n. Tribe-name formed from Dáire with the neutral suffix -ne. Usually written Dairḟine through false association with fine. The dative Dáirḟiniu ( Expuls. 23 , Cymmr. xiii ) and passages like rí Dáirfine duind, Leb. Cert. 82. 2 f.b. are against the analysis as Dáir-ḟine, fine being a fem. stem in ( Wb. 28 a 4 ). In this connec- tion the phrase Fine Dáire, LL 14 a 33 , Cóir Anm. § 68 is of no consequence.—Also pl.: do Dairinib dó, SG 311. 44 .

I The tribe of the O hEidirsceoil and their correlatives in the southwest of the County of Cork, so called after their eponymous ancestor Dáire Doimthech. Dairfine .i. Corco Laigde .i. fine Daire Doimthig, Corm. s.v. Dairfine . Dairḟine .i. fine Dhaíre mic Dheagath. ┐ ní dílsi do chlainn Dáire mic Degad Dairḟine do rádh ríu oldás do chlainn Dáire Doimthig ar is Dairḟine aile iatsein, Cóir Anm. § 68 ; cf. Daire fine, ib. do maccaib Dímúini di Darini, Expuls. 138 . Mechon mac Dare di Darine, ib. 147 . do Darḟiniu, ib. 23 . ó Dairḟine, Leb. Cert. 60. 5 f.b. ; 64. 5 ; rí Dairḟine, ib. 68. 9 f.b. ; 74. 14 (sic leg.); 82. 2 f.b. ; rí Dairine duind, 256. 6 f.b. ba di Darfini cech la flaith, Laud 610, 95 b 1 . Lugaid mac Itha cóic ciniuda úad .i. Fine Daíre Daimthig etc. LL 14 a 33 .— Dárinne rhyming with glinne: gaid cairdine cor glinne (co nglinne BB): do ríg daigrech Dárinne (Dáirine BB) LL 150 b 38 ( SG 335. 8 ).

II Applied to the Érainn who like the Corcu Luigde were descended from Deda. Eraind .i. fir Erann...it hé Darḟine insin .i. fine Daire Doimthig meic Itha, O'Mulc. 217 . Erna ┐ Dairḟine do rád friu side ó Dare mac Dedaid ┐ ní Corco Laigde a patre Conrúi ut alii putant , Rawl. 147 b 13 .

esbaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esbaige or dil.ie/20395
Last Revised: 2013

 

n : ni leced nach cathmilid di hUlltaib a modugud fora [ḟ]erann ara hespaige 'naughtiness' RC xxiii 320 § 14 gl.