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anaithnid, anaichnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anaithnid, anaichnid or dil.ie/3331

 

Forms: anaichenta, anaichinta, anaichinti, anaitinte

adj i (2 aithne). Pl. anaichenta, CCath. 3836 . anaichinta, 6105 . anaichinti, 826 . anaitinte, Marco P. 25 . unknown, strange, unfamiliar, unheard of: anaithnidh, doḟaisneis `unspeakable', Eg. Gl. 52 . anaithnidh .i. droch aithneach ┐ fós duine ar nach bí aithne, O'Cl. Of persons: fer anmin mór úathmar anaichnid in t-Ingcél `uncouth', BDD 44 . triar n-úathmar n-anachnid i n-airinuch na buidni, MU² 604 . cosin soerslúag n-anaichne[i]d (: treib), SR 4750 . óic anaichnid, LU 10158 . fri cech n-oen eter aichnid ┐ anaichnid, LL 217b25 ( TTr. 51 ). drong d'Albanchoibh anaiteanta, AFM v 1788.19 . risna dainib . . . anaichindti, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . cét-riastarda im Choinculaind co n-derna úathbásach . . . n-ingantach n-anachnid de (anaithnidh, St.) unrecognizable , TBC-LL¹ 2590 . tir fir anaithnig, Laws v 238.21 = anaithne, 240.19 Comm. (see 1 anaithne). Of a place: indsaigid in tire anaichnid, TTebe 248 . do sirt[h]ain . . . na crich n-ectrann n-anaichnidh, CCath. 3856 . nogo rainic indsi ālaind anaithnigh, Ériu iii 164 § 18 . is na hiathaib anaithintaib, Grail 3692 . tar in muir n-uair n-a.¤ , SG 344.5 . Various: do dhelbaib en . . . n-anaichentae n-ingantach, CCath. 4707 . erge con anaithnig strange dog(?), Laws iii 416.6 Comm. torothair ingnathcha anachinti, LL 219b41 ( TTr. 197 ). mormor d'ingantaib anaithnigh, Grail 4031 . ar intech nanaichnid against an unknown way, LU 1181 . renna anaichinta, CCath. 826 . galar anaichnigh, RC xvii 386.1 (Tig.). fuaradar bás a.¤ , SG 210.10 . aidedha ecnecha anaichinta, CCath. 6105 . re h-imad . . . finnfaid . . . fhadbscailti an-aichnid, MR 240.3 . clú an áir anaithnidh, IGT Decl. ex. 835 . amus anaithchnidh do thabhairt for comharba Ailbhe `unusual', AFM ii 1016.16 . allgotha adhuathmara an ordanáis anaithnidh foreign, v 1734.1 . fa gníomh uathmar anaichnid, Ériu i 32.248 .

In predic. use unknown: Cnú deróil a ainm in ḟir / a n-Eirinn nír' anaithnidh, Acall. 632 ( SG 108.8 ). cear b'ingnad ciar b'anaichnid, LL 375b17 . is a.¤ do is unknown to: is anaichnidh do muintir Cesair . . . teiched, CCath. 3563 . drem dīb dan anaithnigh, drem dīb dan eōl, ZCP viii 216.7 . cus-in popul ṅgentlide ro-pa anaichnid do Dia anallana céin ro-bui ic adrad idal whom God did not recognize, PH 5287 .

As subst.: ro b'urusa d'á h-aithnidh ┐ d'á hanaithnidh Ere d'imluadh, MR 102.14 . In name of a type of metre: druimní suithe annso ┐ atat da ernail furre .i. imgharbh ┐ anaichnídh, IT iii 96 § 150 . is e so in tanaichnídh dona druimnibh suithibh, § 151. incípít dona hanaichintibh, 95 § 148 .

1 árach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 árach or dil.ie/3926

 

Forms: arag, airge

n o, n. n p. arag, Laws i 260.15 . airge, Cóic Con. 15 § 2 (see GOI § 280 ). Later m. Vn. of ad-rig, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 592 .

(a) act of binding, tying; bond, fetter: res in coin na fetar d'arach, Laws iii 416.16 Comm. cibe inad . . . i nderna fer araigh arach `wherever the man who ties [the cow] performs the tying', 228.13 Comm. fot in araig, 412.21 Comm. airge con anaithne, O'Curry 2510 ( Eg. 88 41b ) = erge con, Laws iii 416.6 - 11 (see eirge). būrach .i. bō ┐ ārach, Corm. Y 131 (cf. bárach). a druith na halla / sen araigh corra / croma cama fodchossaigh bindings, shoes(?), IT iii 99.1 . cú áraig `a chained hound', Triads 168 . loman áraig leash , see loman and cf. cona.¤ dog-chain, leash , TBC-LL¹ 1003 .

(b) act of binding, guaranteeing (a contract or other legal obligation or transaction); bond, guarantee: ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding (i.e. must be secured) by contracts', BCrólige 55 . a harach: arach fir fri firgilli the binding of evidence takes place with proper pledges (Thurn.), Cóic Con. 17 § 4 . issed coir cach troiscthe . . . arach for soraith nad elai `the security of a good surety who would not evade', Laws i 118.6 . faill . . . do feichemnaib lecud a naraig do derna dar a cenn `breaking their bond', Laws iii 512.1 ( O'Dav. 169 ). mad tuc arach re airisemh uirre, O'D. 538 (H 3.17, c. 433) `if he gave surety to abide by the decision', Plummer MS notes. gell ria narach geall iar narach, O'Curry 2719 ( Eg. 88, 61(62)a ). breth gin dilsi gin arach, 2290 ( Eg. 88, 21(22)d ). inann a nepert ┐ a ná.¤ , 535 (H 3.18, 265b) `their word is as good as their bond', Plummer MS. notes. ? dul do chennach gin airrchi, Ériu xiii 62 § 7 ( Triads § 74 ) (cf. airrach). If certain relatives of a dead man have all pre-deceased him then the person who inherits his `díbad' is: in fear uasal a.¤ in geilfine, O'D. 740 (H 3.17, c. 538).

In literary texts: dogen-sa aní . . . acht nar milter úaib-si a n-arach on condition that the pledge be not violated by you, LU 5849 (TBC). ní géb-sa gan á.¤ / dáig nim láech gan lámach I will not undertake it without security, TBC-LL¹ 3044 . tan nad rabe naidm nó á.¤ nó aitire acht fiadnaissi namma, LL 4996 . do tarlaic dar ārach uad `in violation of a bond', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.3 . gan urradha gan á.¤ , AFM vi 1988.16 . ro naidhm árách (sic) ┐ rátha fair, 2046.18 . fonaiscis fair araige, ZCP iii 247.6 . ocht dtrátha ar atach á.¤ / [. . .] na n-ocht ndubhálach `to implore safeguards', Dán Dé xxiv 2 . fagaibh-si Teamhraig . . . re bliadain . . . dóigh tarrus á.¤ orum-sa uime sin `I have pledged myself to this', Ériu iii 154 § 8 . is andsin tarroidh Meadhbh modh n-aroidh ar Fer nDiag um an comhrag do dhénamh, ZCP x 278.8 = ra siacht M. máeth n-áraig bar F., TBC-LL¹ 3163 . táirthis baéth n-araig fair, RC xiii 106.8 ( LL 306b15 ) (see maeth).

(c) favourable opportunity, advantage, opening (frequ. with for (ar) of dat. incommodi): ōtconncatar dā mac Sgōrāin . . . á.¤ comlainn uirri `a chance of fighting against it', Fianaig. 64.19 . iarras do námhaid á.¤ ort seeks an opportunity against thee, TSh. 7762 . iarrais a.¤ ar an rígh gur marbhadh leis é `sought an opportunity and killed the king', Keat. ii 660 . mná i n-iodhnaibh . . . / gan á.¤ ar sgur dá mbrón, Measgra D. 5.34 . do-chuaid d'iarraidh áraigh air to get a chance to reform him(?) (Monica and Augustine), DDána 59.10 . á.¤ na humhlachta d'iarraidh to seek an opportunity to practise humility(?), TSh. 185 . fo-gaib (gaibid) á.¤ for (ar): ní faghthar, ní fríoth, á.¤ / orra fa Art Chaomhánach no chance was found to attack them under Art, DDána 100.24 . fuaradar Fionnlochlonnaigh . . . á.¤ ar bheith ag aithmhilleadh Éireann, Keat. iii 2911 . á.¤ ní fhaghaim ar shuan, Measgra D. 5.45 . nir gabadh á.¤ oruinn osin alé, ZCP i 131.24 .

Note further: in uair na raibhe á.¤ acut fén ort `when you had no power over yourself', PH 7391 . gidh nach bhfuil arach air though there is no help for it, Fen. 69 n.7 . ríodhamhna saor somholta / ar nach bhfuil neart nō á.¤ , O'R. Poems 1090 . an uair is mó bhíd i n-á.¤ a n-ilchleas rely on, TSh. 528 . conid he arach a raíníg . . . a cor a tenid ┐ a losgadh plan, BB 417a16 .

See also árad.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

coire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coire or dil.ie/10386
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: choro, coireadha, chorae, choireadhaibh

n io [m., Críth Gabl.]. Cf. .x. c.¤ glossed saincenel claidibh, Ériu ii 3.12 . Also ca-, cu-. ?n s. in choro , Ériu v 40.1 . a p. coireadha, SG 28.12 . g p. chorae, LU 7425 . d p. ós choireadhaibh , O'R. Poems 185 . Cf. ZCP xxix 378 .

Cauldron, pot : c.¤ gl. hoc caldarium, Ir. Gl. 724 . imdell . . . itir c.¤ ┐ dabaig, O'Mulc. 740 . c.¤ .i. cōi ūire .i. úr cach n-om, Corm. Y 399 . na seacht core, Anecd. i 11.2 ( SCano 331 ). in c.¤ do bruith na n-om, LL 38339 ( SG 371. 2 ). dabach ┐ c.¤ on flaith fri dénam fleidi, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17, 423 ). core co neim, LU 7714 ( BDD 129 ). caire umai hi talla(i) torcc, Críth G. 197 . c.¤ cona inbiur(b), 174 . bla c.¤ combruth, Laws iii 266.3 . ní tuccad a chairi do thenid (of cauldron of Da Derga), LU 7771 ( BDD 133 ). fo drolmaig is fo ch.¤ , Ériu iv 98 § 26 . escraib cornaib caírib dabchaib deilg, IT iii 30.9 ( BB 301b40 ). teni fo a choiriu, Fing. R. 473 . coiri cæcdhuirnn, IT iii 187 § 8 . caire, losat ┐ criathar, Laws i 122.13 . in lind i c.¤ toll (prov.), Ériu ix 45 § 3 . díoth cruidh c.¤ Tomás `devourers of wealth are the cauldrons of T.', Magauran 3524 . maith an chuire 's a chéad torc (: duine), DDána 42.42 .

With added description of size, value etc. (see Thurn. ZCP xiv 358 ; Hull xviii 296 n.4 ) (where name of an animal follows it is uncertain whether this indicates value or size, but cf. Críth G. 197 cited above): caire Iulaice lan do lemnacht, ZCP xiv 356.1 ( Laws ii 254.2 .i. is fiu lulgaid, 15 ). méit chori cholbthaige, LU 6952 ( BDD 58 ). commeit chori cholbthaigi, 3262 ( SCC 5 ). ba mmóir choire ṅ-darta `kettle of a heifer', ZCP xviii 296.5 . coire cert ocht fichet torc (in house of Mac Ind Óc), viii 108.16 . Of an ordeal: in caire fira cauldron of testing, Laws v 472.22 Comm. fir fora nascar fir caire `test of the caldron', i 194.23 . Cori Fir, IT iii 188 § 11 . naidm caire chombrothaigh, Ériu xiii 34.15 . cranncor sceo caire cainndlige . . . an caire ada do reir coir, in c.¤ fira, O'Curry 2587 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)d ). ? Cf. gabhthar geall . . . / re cnáimh c.¤ , DDána 111.25 . Of collecting-pot of poets: c.¤ acu .i. coiri gacha clére díb. Coire Sainti a ainm, RC xx 422.14 - 6 . C.¤ ainsic see ainsic. c.¤ amaite, see ammait. c.¤ féile cauldron of plenty : boí c.¤ fēile la Laigniu, Buchat a ainm (applied to person), Fing. R. 472 = brughaidh . . . do choimhéadadh c.¤ féile ar theinidh, Keat. ii 4683 . in caire flatha `regal cauldron', MR 50.9 . Of mythical Cauldron of Plenty: coiri an Dagdai, RC xii 58.1 .

Whirlpool : cuire cróderg cubrach (of bloody river), Fianaig. 90.20 . rosbaidh coiri serb na sín (of Coire Breccáin), Ériu x 80 § 43 . imchore nandrúagh, IT iii 46 § 73 . caire cuairt-bill `whirl-pool', Laws v 298.17 Comm. In n. loc. C.¤ mBreccáin, Dinds. 145 . C.¤ Brecāin, Corm. Y 323 . Murchad M. / . . . / ērge C.¤ / Breccāin `who rises like B.'s . . . whirlpool', Misc. Hib. 46.5 ( BB 289b49 ). Cf. Reeves Ad. 29 n. Coire mBrecain, Dinds. 145 ( RC xvi 157 ).

Fig. gainitir tri coiri i cach duiniu .i. Coire Goriath ┐ Coire Érmai ┐ Coire Sois 'three cauldrons are generated in every person, i.e. the Cauldron of Goiriath and the Cauldron of Érmae and the Cauldron of Knowledge', Ériu xxxii 64 § 4 . trí coiri bíte in cach dúini: coire érma, coire goriath, coire áiged, Triads 127 .

cumgabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumgabál or dil.ie/13832

 

Forms: chumgabal

ā, f. vn. of con-ocaib ( GOI 525 ). act of raising up, lifting, exalting; rising : dethiden dinaib bochtaib no ac.¤ `uplifting them', Ml. 129c3 . chumgabal filiorum israhel , 94c2 . in ch.¤ gl. exaltatio, 57d4 . tria chumgabail ┐ tria molad doib som `through his being extolled', 39d22 . c.¤ lám ón gl. leuabo manus, 79d5 . 138a1a . 2 . cumachtae ṅDé dom chumgabāil, Thes. ii 356.7 . is cumgabáil ordan, Fél. Ep. 208 . co cúala c.¤ in locha i n-airddi, LU 9098 ( FB 85 ). ma co feirc im (leg. in, Ed.) chumgabal (of voice), Ériu vii 170.4 . ērge .i. comgabāil, Corm. Y 520 . comgabhail ind nimhe don talmain, Anecd. ii 15.11 . ros-gab in gaim cumgabáil `winter has begun to raise it' (wave), Lament 15 . cros cloichi . . . do cumgabail is in aeor `was taken up into the air', Todd Nenn. 214.2 = CS 150.5 . is ann ata cúmgabail fodecht-sa do'n choimdid, PH 3498 . ? mongur na curad ac comghabail a bḟedhmann catha `upheaving their efforts of battle', Marco P. 61 (perh. com + gabál). ? iar ccomgabail sunn sedal / do Partholán `after he spent a while(?) there', Leb. Gab.(i) 62.9 (com + gabál?). tige na troch . . . ic comgabail a cheli `keeping back', MR 316.25 (for congbáil).

dedól

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dedól or dil.ie/15008
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dedól, degdóil, degail, deaghail

n o & ā. The morning twilight, the dawn, daybreak . Phonet. deghoir, degdoil, &c. d s. dedól, Ml. 136 b 1 ; but already at the close of the 8th century also inflected as a stem in ā, as shown by Fél. July 26 : hi paiss Iouiáni: cona chléir cáin glanóir tarmchruthud iar ndedóil (v.l. ndeghoil): Issu i Sléib Thabóir; cf. further the rhyme glédedóil: Éremóin, LL 155 a 5 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 262. 42 ). BB 36 b 48 . AFM A.D. 940 . degdóil: senóir, Add. 30. 512, 34 b 2 . By native grammarians explained

(a) as a cpd. of dé- `two' + dual: dedol (dedól YBL) .i. dédhual (dá dhual YBL) .i. dual do aidche ┐ dual do ló .i. soillse cumascda hó dhorchacht ┐ ó ṡoillsi, Corm. s.v. ( Corm. Y 426 ). deadhoil...ó dhédhual tig, O'Cl. (from Corm.). Lhuyd (from O'Cl.).

(b) as a cpd. of dé = dia + dual: dedol .i. dia dhual .i. da ḟothadháil (i.e. fó-th.). dá dagthodail do Dia. actáil ┐ teóir, Corm. s.v.

(c) as identical with dedail: deidoil .i. degail lái ┐ aidchi, ACL iii 16 § 32 ( H 3.18, 523 ). P. O'C. s.v. Hence often so written: degail, Celt. Rev. i 300 . deaghail, MR 112. 4 (B iv 1).—Wrong etymologies by Stokes Corm. Tr. vii , RC xxvii 88 , see also RC l 265 , LEIA D-36 . deid-oil, ACL iii 16 § 32 . Fem. gender due to maiten, camáir and similar words. The phrase ón dedóil at day-break = issin d.: dochuaid Loegaire ón deidoil dochum Temrach, ACL l.c. ( Trip. 52. 14 ) ised is dech do ṡenóir érge romoch ón degdóil, Add. 30. 512, 34 b 2 .

Deadhoil .i. maidean, O'Cl. Lhuyd. Transl. Lat. crepusculum: a primo c., gl. huan cetnu dedól ind laithi, Ml. 136 b 1 . diluculum: diluculo, ón deidoil, v. supra. isin dedoil (degoil, Eg.) na maitne, FB § 87 . LU 111 b 25 . Opp. medón lái: in dedoil riana medon, LL 374 c 33 . eirge romoch i ndedóil, H 1.11, 143 a. dothaod isin dedhoil go Doire, AFM vi 2362. 3 .—Here also AFM ii 644. 21 : ba dáigh dér tré glédedóil (sic leg.: Éremhóin, ZCP x 382 ); a cpd. glé-dedoil also appears LL 155 a 5 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 262. 42 ): i flaith Erimóin cen ail: iar nglededoil cen debaid... tomaidm Locha Léin (out of seven MSS three have degail, the others dedoil). BB 36 b 48 : Teamair is Ériu eolach: rodosdeadhail drong dáinech: fir ri gledeaghoil (sic leg.) nGáidhil: síl Erimon, &c., cf. dedail IV, dedail V.

COMPS. mochdedól. Opp. iarmeirge: an oidche dhorcha do ṡoillsiughadh óthá iarmeirge co muichdedoil, AFM iii 10. 2 . isin moichdeadhóil, ib. vi 1964. 20 . roeirigh co hathlaṁ i muichdheadhoil (-dheaghail B iv 1) na maiden, MR 112. 4 (23 K 44); YBL has the synon. moch-dáil. co mochdegail na maidni, Celt. Rev. i 300 . i mochdheaghail na maidne, Each. Iol. 14. 8 . glé-dedól, v. supra.—Obs.

1 ech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ech or dil.ie/19508
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: t-ech, eich, eich, eich, eith, ech, eoch, each, eich, hich, heich, eit, eochu, ech, eochu, eocho, eocha, echu, ech, echaib, eachaibh, eochaiph, ech, eich, echtaitiu, ecthaighe

n o, m. n s. in t-ech , Metr. Dinds. iii 454 . v s. a eich , TTebe 3494 . g s. ind eich , Metr. Dinds. iii 456 . eich, FB 69 etc. eith, IGT Decl. p. 115 n. 15 , 116 n. 19 . (g s. ech, Aen. 446 etc. is probably only a spelling variant). d s. eoch FB 31 . LL 47b10 . each, YBL 8a4 . n p. ind eich , ZCP viii 106.23 . ind hich , Ériu vi 134.21 . na heich , 135.49 . TBC-LL¹ 1246 . eit, Lec. 376a15 , 22 = Leb. Cert. p. 74 , 76 . eochu Lism. L. 562 . g p. ech, Ml. 16b12 . 43d1 . IT i 125.14 etc. a p. eochu, TBC-LL¹ 1244 . FB 39 . (as n p. Lism. L. 562 ). eocho, TBC-LL¹ 1134 . TBC-I¹ 700. TTebe 1382 . eocha (v.l. echu) Trip. 144.10 . ZCP viii 106.25 . TTebe 1083 etc. ech, Triads 236 . d p. echaib, TBC-LL¹ 1344 . Metr. Dinds. iii 454 . eachaibh (: beathaidh), TD 25.25 . eochaiph, BNnÉ 239 § 169 . a du. dá ech , FB 45 . ZCP viii 106.20 . See IGT, Decl. § 171 .

A horse (incl. mare or gelding) genly. of chariot or saddle-horse, dist. from capall: iomad capall, beaccan d'eachaibh, AFM iii 558.2 . The common use of the fem. pron. with ech in certain contexts implies that mares were preferred for riding or driving (but see CMCS xxiii 89 ); the masc. decl. of the word is however always retained. ainm fuasnada... ech the name of a perturbation of horses (ref. to fremitus = `neighing') Ml. 16b12 . cēt n-ech srianach, IT i 125.14 . eich uaibhreacha, TSh. 5963 . ni madriadsam ar n-echa we had better never have tamed our steeds Triads 236 . nach ech riadar isin domnach is ech tened bís hi ngabul a marcaig a n-iffirn, Ériu ii 194 . in t-ech boi fona carpat RC xii 346.24 . na dá ech filet fón charput, FB 45 . léic na eocho ar férgeilt, TBC-LL¹ 1134 . ar eoch ard on a high steed RC xx 10 § 7 = LL 47b10 . ic dul ar a ech mounting his horse Cog. 144.15 . dochuaidh ar a each ar fud sráide an longphuirt rode his horse Keat. iii 3128 . do ling...ar a each, 3227 . éirghidh ar bhar n-eachaibh, 3228 . each fae a horse under him Laws ii 154.18 Comm. LL 303a31 . má tá...gur chuiris srian | rem each... | cia an neach dar dolta ar a druim | dá socra each gan udhuim, Timth. 1917 VII iii 43 . eich dá ngníomh `exercising of steeds' TD 11.20 . eich...ag dol i gcoimhling, 11.12 . muilenn im-tai ech, O'Mulc. 816 . Interchanging with gerrán : fúacrais Ercoil comlond dó féin ┐ dá eoch forro...marbais gerran Ercoil ech Loegairi, FB 69 . indara hech ..ocus sē lugaid...in t-ech aile ocus sé casmongach TBC-I¹ 1975 . With fem. pron.: tainic each Colmáin...go M...┐ do chuir fona carpat féin í, BNnÉ 239 § 69 . is isi an t-ech oirdherc, B IV 2, 95a = O'Gr. Cat. 488 . ba suaichnich am egcosc inn eich sin .i. gabair gormglasa...is cuma conriadad si muir ┐ tir, TTebe 2282 . co tuiced int ech a n-ebairt-sium ria ┐ ro an ris ┐ dochuaid-sium fuirri 3498 . D. do mharbhadh dia eoch fein ag cor crú fuirre AFM iv 900.8 .

Attrib. gen.: tána eich , LL 295b35 = SG 361.24 .

In O'Dav. 501 the correct reading is probably: in cullach eich (as in F) the stallion , cf. the compd. ech-cullach below.

Defined by follg. adj. or gen. subst.: ech aige `a race (?)- horse' (i.e. for chariot-racing?) Laws v 406.6 . luaithe ech aighe nem medon mīs míthime .i. comluath é ┐ int ech innṡaighther isin aenach a mī medhonach int samraid, Anecd. v 25. 7 . cf. ech fri aige, dam fri har, Laws i 122.10 . e.¤ bagáiste baggage-horse: dona hechaibh bagaisde, Rel. Celt. ii 198 (Bk. of Clan R.). e.¤ anríata an unbroken horse : LL 302a22 . e.¤ bretnach a British (Welsh) horse: ór derg tuarastul in trír | ra taeb ech mbretnach mblathmín, LL 49b6 . in t-ech bretnach (sufficient ransom for a life), Laws v 438.8 Comm. (cf. 220.22 ). MacCongl. 45.16 . AU 1029 = AFM ii 818 . e.¤ buada a winning horse: is ech buada dar mag reid | fer adcosnaid flaith Dé máir, LL 284b42 . conacatar marcach for each mbuadha, RC x 62 z . Lism. L. 2090 . e.¤ crainn wooden horse : Fiacha Figente ... is ē do-rōinde an each crainn ro-n-acht iarum a nĀenach Colmān, Corp. Gen. 230 (152a10 n. a-a) ​= qui fecit equm ligneum​​​​. e.¤ crannda wooden horse : i mbroind in ech cranda, Aen. 446 . e.¤ díla a charger (?) see díl. e.¤ gerr `gelding' BColm. 88.9 ; 90.16 . e.¤ imchair a saddle-horse, riding-horse: m'each iomchuir ag triall ré tal | dob ionchuir srian dá seoladh (sic leg.) Timth. 1917, VII iii 43 . Contrasted with e.¤ díla: an t-each díola nach díol damh | 's an t-each iomchair gan iomchar (sic leg.) Tribes of Irel. 48 . e.¤ immrimme `a riding steed' Laws iv 308.22 (opp. to capul fognuma) ii 160.19 . Cf. i n-imrim do eich .i. sliastai, i 168.11 . each fae i n-aimsir imrime, ii 154.18 . e.¤ riata a broken-in or trained horse FB 31 . .l. each riata la C. fri har ┐ trebad in talman, Fél.² lxi (Mar. 5) tri heich duba daigriata, Lec. 378da 22 = Leb. Cert. 160 . Cf. riagh éineich san bfaithchi, one of the services which Lugh offers to perform at Tara, Ridgeway Essays 326 § 32 , see note. e.¤ sliasta riding-horse Laws iv 322.8 . i 168.11 . e.¤ uisci a water-horse (a goblin): ech usci robói isind loch, Triads 236 . RC xii 346 , 348 . e.¤ uiscide: eich uscide, Alex. 679 (usci BB) crocodiles (?).

COMPDS.

ech-adba? in carbad fuil i n-eachadhbadhaib na n-ech sin, ZCP viii 549.29 (= TBC-LL¹ 1815 v.l.).

¤adbul mighty in horses: i nhErind hechadbail, ZCP viii 270.12 .

¤ba: see echba.

¤bachlach horse-boy, groom (?): n p.; nícon bia acht eachbachlaich uait (a malediction), Ériu viii 157.33 .

¤bán white of steeds, having white steeds: cétrí Herenn echbáne, LL 127a39 (= MacCarthy 150 ).

¤bél horse-mouth, horse-lipped , as npr. or epithet: Echbēl mac Dedad, ScM. 7 . Echde Echbél, ZCP ix 191.1 (= Ériu ii 32 ). co Eochu Echbél, RC xxvi 8 = LL 186a13 . cland Echach Echbeóil, LL 138a37 (see Thurn., Heldensage 443 ). Dinds. 53 . Erge Echbél, ZCP viii 326.5 .

¤breth horse-judgement: i n-echbrethaib Áine, O'Dav. § 813 . ¤buide having yellow steeds: Iubdán mac Abdaein echbuide, SG i 249.25 . ¤cairptech : a crích Umaill echcairpdig, LL iii 20469 . ¤cenn: horse-headed: Eochaid Eachcend, BB 44b31 . ¤cullach stallion: im echccullach for eochu .i. i naimsir echmarta, Laws i 144.4 . ¤cummascda centaur, horse-mongrel: popul torathardha na Centauri ┐. na nEchcumusccda .i. each ┐ duine a cummascc aenpersainne inntip, CCath. 3839 (possibly na n-ech c., and not a compd.). ¤dian of swift steeds: g s m. m. Ailill echdéin, RC xx 140 . ? ¤díle ? bíastai granni dracondai cucund dofutitis | tréna a n-amainsi echdíli cíadcutís, LU 114b17 (Siaburch. om. Anecd. iii 54 - 5 ). ¤dillat horsecloth: marcach for each...eachdillat maith cumtachta foa suidhiu, RC x 62 z . eochdillat, Aen. 2112 . ¤donn having brown steeds: a secht Chind Ḟáelad echduind, LL iii 15296 . ¤flesc rod, horsewhip (cf. 1 echlasc): dobert béim dind echfleisc dó, SCC 8 . ech a cengal die echfleisc, RC xiii 7.14 . pn ¤lúath mounted on, or possessing swift steeds: as epithet: Conall Echlúath, Cóir Anm. 163 . Rawl. 145d38 . ¤mairc: see echthres s.v. ech. ¤mairt covering a mare: doluid [in cullach]...co mbói eter scuru Enna Aignig do saigid echmarta, Dinds. 107 . i n-aimsir echmarta, Laws i 144.5 Comm. ¤míne tameness of steeds: rob iarla co n-echmine possessing tame steeds (?) BB 59a6 . ¤mór great in steeds, rich in steeds: flathius Mael Sechnaill echmóir, Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 46 = LL 185a49 . ¤raite horse-road: doronad fri echraite mendoto a medon, EIF 538 § 1 . ¤réid: see eichréid. ? ¤réim (¤dréim) horse-riding (mounting horses ?): echréim (MS. echdreim) ┐ cor cloiche, Celtica viii 142.18, cf. 149 . ¤rúad having ruddy steeds: dá degmac Ebir echrúaid, LL i 299 . ¤rúathar: aimsir echruathair (one of the seasons in which roads are cleansed), Corm. Y 1082 ; as npr. m.: Echrúathar, BDD 117 . ¤semmar a plant name, horse-clover: maculta treisfolium (maculatum trifolium?) .i. in eachṡemar, RC ix 237 . echṡemmar, LB 101 m. inf. corona regia .i. an eachṡeamar 23 K 42, 415 = Academy 1896, 406b . g s. eachṡeimri, Med. MS . ¤srian bridle: coīcait n-echsrian, ZCP viii 310.22 . Laws iv 326.11 , 328.9 . ¤tháid horse-thief: ní ria a enech...ar echu echthadat he shall not sell his honour for the steeds of a horse-thief ZCP xi 86 § 43 . co luga echthádat, Tec. Corm. § 27.15 . im loingsechaibh ┐ im echtadait ┐ im macu tiri, Laws i 160.2 Comm. echtaitiu (a p.) iii 22.18 Comm. n p. echtáide (sic leg.) Laws ii 270.5 , ZCP xx 480 . ecthaighe, ii 270.5 Comm. ¤thress a horse-contest, horse-race: tucait...dá ech... i n-ech-thress curad, Metr. Dinds. iv 126 . bla each echtres ....i. slan dona hechaib in tres echda doniat eturru budein `horse-fight' Laws iii 294.15 . co ndernad óenuch ┐ echtressa leo ann, IT i 128.15 (corresp. to: ic gním óenaig ech-thressa, Metr. Dinds. iii 350 ). oegidacht Úa nDrona de | ocus ech-thress Ossairge (proverbial expressions?), Metr. Dinds. iii 22 . Dinds. 18 . echtres Ratha Line, BB 268a24 (= echrais, Leb. Cert. 22 ). Cf. echtres .i. echmairc, O'Dav. 805 .

éirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éirge or dil.ie/19822
Last Revised: 2019

 

io, n. later f. (vn. of at-reig (as-reig) and éirgid).

(a) rising, standing up, springing up: erge .i. comgabail, a verbo erigo , Corm. Y 520 . 549 . tothim cen éirge, Wb. 5b10 . etbert (MS eibert) ærgi du Dia, Ml. 83a5 , Études Celt. xl 73 . la eirgi súas co opund, FB 25 . forcongraimm fort ergi, PH 1362 . 2640 . 2777 . Of rising from table: éirghe ó fíndigh rising from the banquet TD 9.33 . As a token of respect: gan iadsan d'éirghe re ccách, TD ii 228.29 . Of rising in the morning: isin matin oc ærgiu, Ml. 21c3 . Hence: tráth éirgi daybreak, sunrise: ó thráth éirge co hiarnóin, Metr. Dinds. iv 40.16 . Cog. 76.7 . co trath erghi, IT i 126.7 . TBC-LL¹ 631.1691 . Aen. 2933 . ré n-éirghe mhaidne, TD 11.30 . Of the sun: ba do geasaibh righ Éreann grian d'erghe fair i dTeamraigh, ITS v 20.3 . Of rising from a sick-bed: ní ro ṡaoilsiot a eirghe-siumh i n-eallmha as in lighe ina mbaoi, AFM vi 1928.28 . Of a storm: ar n-éirghe anfaidh, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 285 . Of war breaking out: cogadh d'éirghe eidir Ultaibh...is sluagh Chruachan TD 3.14 . AFM v 1490.18 . Of rising to one's oar in rowing: éirghi ard ar earluinn ráimhe, IGT, Decl. ex. 591 .

(b) resurrection: di gein Christ... ┐ dia erghi ┐ fresgabail, Hib. Min. 10.323 . ria n-aimsir na héirghe móire lái an bhrátha, BNnÉ 62.17 .

(c) mounting, ascending, soaring: febus na hergi dorinne ...isin dilait `the leap...into the saddle' ZCP vi 97.13 . in fobairthi-si éirgi tairis aníar can you climb out over him ? (of a sleeping giant) Mer. Uil. 60 = BB 445b29 . Of liquids, vapours, etc.: usci na habann ag eirghi uime, TTebe 3619 . doighir dheataigh...iar n-éirghe a smúit-theinidh fhlich dhó, TSh. 6372 . é.¤ aigenta mental exaltation, spirit, cheer: céim d'éirghe aigeanta, Gofraidh Fionn, Ir. Monthly 1919, 4 . ní tuar éirghe aigeanta, TD 14.23 . Cf. éirgid (e).

(d) growing up, maturing: oilen...ina [n]denaid na mná dubhachus trena clainn d'ergi ┐ subachus trena clainn d'ēc go luath, Maund. 263 .

(e) rising in hostility, taking up arms, attacking: erghi athlam urmaisneach an attack YBL 337b8 = Celt. Rev. iv 10 z . scríbne anoir d'adhnadh érghi to incite rebellion (?) IGT, Decl. ex. 1357 .

(f) starting up, setting forth, proceeding, setting about: érge seó, mithig damsa, SCC 45 . Osairge... .i. eirghi amail ossu allta leó ic teiched, Cóir Anm. 213 . ré héirghe amach dhó as he rose (and went) out TSh. 8740 .

(g) With various prepp.: é.¤ as, de desisting, ceasing from, departing from: éirghe a cumann an chealgaire to quit the company of TSh. 10522 . é.¤ as an bpecadh, Parrth. Anma 113.1 . Luc. Fid. 65.17 . ni maith cath...gebat sid is erge de `I will accept peace and stay of battle' Metr. Dinds. iv 360.135 . gan éirghi do chanamhain ghnáthaigh not to depart from (the usage of) customary speech IGT, Introd. § 102 .

é.¤ do befalling, happening to: do chualadar áitheas d'éirghe do M. that M. had met with success Keat. ii 5582 . do bithin michinnemhna d'eirghi dona tigernaigibh, Fl. Earls 26.8 .

é.¤ fo (?): ag éirghe fa Iath bhF. attacking TD 10.23 .

é.¤ fri to rise against, rebel against: ar herge doib fri Moise, SR 4474 .

(h) In certain phrases: é.¤ ṡlúag military service: gan do chíos aige orra . . acht éirghe shluagh ar muir is ar tír, Keat. iii 1281 .

é.¤ amach military service, `rising out'; muster, levy: gan eirge amach can sluaigedh orra ag nech without rising out or hosting being due from them to any one L. Chl. S. 44 w . a forchongra...ar eirghe amach na Gaillmhe an storús...do bhreith ...co Sligeach, Hugh Roe, 204.11 (f. 54b) . AFM v 1644.2 ; 1658.17 . báttar éirghe amach Muimhneach annsin ar a chionn, 1632.10 .

é.¤ sliged waylaying, highway robbery: do lig se amach doib an bithunach noch do cuiridur a prisun tre eirghi slighead ┐ tre dunmarbad (i.e. Barabbas), Lib. Flav. ii 8ra 46 . ní do ghlacadh ós aird do nemhthoil anté lérab leis é, mar atá crech, fuadach, eirghe slighedh, Ó Héodhusa 174.3 . tri iomad éirghé sligheadh do bheth da ndeanamh ann [264].1 . is iomdha áit ar an mbealach ar ṡaoil . . éirghe slighe do thabhairt dó, E. Ó Cl. 131 . Similarly: éirghe bhealaigh, 532 .

? é.¤ i n-ardda uprising; lordliness (?): sruth nEufrait eirge i n-ardda oen-milid na hEorapa (comparable to) the Euphrates is the uprising of the champion of Europe (?) Metr. Dinds. iv 160.199 (LL). The construction of the line is not clear.

? eirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? eirge or dil.ie/19821

 

n form and meaning uncertain: srublaingi con minaig, ┐ erge con anaithnig, ┐ cro con anfaitig...Eirgi con anfaitche, eirrgi [leaba] lethair [d'iadad] ar suilib in chon na tabair aithne ar in muindtir fein sech na comaichaib ` eyecaps ' Laws iii 416.6 - 11 Comm. = airge con anaithne ...leaba leathair d'iagha ima suilib, O'Curry 2510 (<Eg. 88).

galann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. galann or dil.ie/25291

 

Forms: galaind

n (gal ?) g s. or g p. n-stem? n s. not found. d s. galaind, Ériu iv 102 § 40 . Meaning uncertain.

(a) valour, warlike deeds (?): galann .i. gaisgeadh, O'Cl. g.¤ .i. nāmha, ib. galann gach námha, Metr. Gl. 13.9 . do rind ret galaind, Ériu iv 102 § 40 . an [n]gnīmh ngalann gann `the harsh, deadly deed,' Fianaig. 44 § 9 . lith ngaland a satisfaction of enemies (?), LU 7454 = BDD² 1056 . Fergal ... | grib glond galann, RC xxiv 64.4 . Most commonly used in phrase `guin galann,' applied to a mortal wound given in warfare: doriṅgned guin galand de-sium andsin ┐ ro díchend F. hé, TFerbe 676 . doronsat guin g.¤ de, co ttorcair leó, TBC-LL¹, p. 635 n. 8 . RC xxiv 186.7 ; xvi 53 ( Dinds. § 101 ). CRR 26 . ērge-si uili chugi ┐ dénaid guin g.¤ de, ZCP xiii 212.8 . xiv 266.12 . ba menca lim anadh ann | dar éis cáich a guin galann I oftener remained there (i.e. on the battlefield) after leaving everyone utterly slaughtered (?), MR 310.2 . ML 142.4 . fuaim iar [n]guin galann go, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191ba ). coisg díom do chinedh ... sul rabhar mo ghuin ghalann `ere my mortal wounding befall,' Duan. F. i 8.25 . Of a dead body: o rasiacht cucu ... corp Tith ... darindset guingaland [de] amal nobeith beo, thrust their spears in him (?), TTebe 3476 .

(b) Abst. for concrete, a hero, a champion (?): fil galand (s.l.) rosói dath, ZCP iii 206 , n. 5. buí dias galand la hUlltu, Laegaeri Buadach ┐ Conall Cernach, O'D. 956 ( H 3.17, c. 670 ). adchiu galaind forsngabther enemies , ZCP xiii 46 § 35 . is maith sin ... beith duit-siu ... etir galandaibh Ulad, O'D. 957 . flaith Midhe milibh galann of thousands of heroes (?), AFM i 100.10 (verse). ? ala claidme galand .i. ... ferann gaiscid is diles don ti noscosna sech cach n-aen, O'Curry 2093 ( H 4.22, 73a ). fortched n-galann `inciter of valour' (slaughtering of warriors?), MR 170.10 .

grían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grían or dil.ie/26628

 

Forms: grian

n ā, f. sun: grian (gl. lucifer), Sg. 61a25 . titan grian, Hib. Min. 271 . sol .i. grian, Ir. Gl. 973 . Apollo grian, ib. 952 . n s. luid in grian fora culu, Ml. 16c10 . amal as toisegiu grián indáas laithe, 85b11 . in grén tind tóidlech, Hy. iv 2 . anaslui grién foa fuined `when the sun goes away to its setting,' BCr. 33b18 . g s. la cumscugud inna grene, Ml. 118c12 . for desleinn gréne on a sunbeam, Hy. v 34 . a s. is nem im grein, Thes. ii 294.28 . etarru són ┐ in gréin, Ml. 112a8 . dodechuid temel tarsin gréin, 16c5 . d s. hi coimthect du gréin ┐ escu, BCr. 32a6 . v s. a gelgrían forosnai, Fél. Prol. 5 . du. dí gréin airthir Liffi, ib. Dec. 9 .

a n-ed rucc grían do rennaib nime, LU 8245 ( FB 19 ). figur greni ┐ esca, IT ii2 102.27 . a rí gréne gile!, Fél. Prol. 4 . laithe na mís ṅgréine `of the solar months,' ib. 321 . amail doluid grian hi folt ḟeda, TBC-LL¹ p. 882 n. 4 . ac súgud grene ┐ gáithe uathu, ib. 5063 . di grein ... in una die , AU i 422.z (an. 910 ). turgabail na gréine, Thr. Ir. Gl. 42 (sub trogein) . for Ríg fallnathar gríana who rules the suns, ZCP vii 308.y . ingin thaitnigfes amal grein etir renna nime, Lat. Lives 65.12 . o thalmain co grein, MacCarthy 40.6 . nīsfil fo grēin fairind ... basid fēiliu `there is not in the world ...,' ACL iii 297 § 61 . Lucifer do na demnaib, grian do na rendaib, PH 6381 . g p. maith mo dīl la teg Rīg grīan, ZCP vii 307.4 . a luminary: oll natha nime nemgrian, RC xx 418 ( ACC § 144 ). tria gai (?) ngrēine through a sunbeam, O'Mulc. 830e . ó ghoradh na gréine, TSh. 2477 . ga gréine na ngrás, ib. 10736 . luigeacht na gréine, ZCP v 214.365 . Used in pagan oaths: co tart som grein ocus esca friu, MacCarthy 396.12 . in nath dognitis na filid ... do gréin ┐ [do] éscu, RC xx 418 ( ACC § 144 Comm. ). gabaim-si in grian (sic) i n-a fiadain form, PH 2696 . do cheangladar rátha gréine ┐ éasca orra féin `they pledged themselves by the sun and moon,' Keat. ii 1787 . Fig. applied to persons: (Saint Íte) in grían bán ban Muman, Fél. Jan. 15 . pais Guirgi, grían búadae, ib. Apr. 24 . (Moling) in grían án úas túathaib, ib. June 17 . ba grīan manach ... Columb Cille, ZCP viii 198.2 . grian na maighden Máthair Dé, O'Gr. Cat. 377.8 . (Pátraic) grīan gel Gōidel, glére garta, ACL iii 303 i § 8 . mianaiged gréin na fírinde, PH 8065 . dorochair grian na nGáedel (epithet for a chief), Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 35 . In the following exx. grian appears to be an adj. bright, radiant: indred Cormaic, findgen grían, ZCP xi 109 § 15 . a Rí grían, vii 302.24 . an t-iuidic gasta grian `the brilliant learned justice,' Ó Bruad. ii 278.2 . nach grian ros .i. nach follus eōlus (B. na Filed), ZCP v 485 § 1 . n. l. abbas Tomae Greine, AU i 274.6 (an. 793 ). Fictitious npr f. Loch Greine ingine Finn, Acall. 1013.

Compds. ¤ainech sunny-faced: co hOgma ṅ-Grianainech, TBC-LL¹ 4868 . ¤amra: inna chuiriu grianamra | a dá apstal dec imme, SR 8275 . ¤brug a sunny mansion: i ṅgrianbrugaib Parduis, ib. 1868 . soillsi édrocht aingil ac commbrised na n-gríanbrudh uile fútha `les palais du soleil,' RC xxiv 382.13 . Also used to translate the Elysian plains, the underworld generally: gusna grianbhrughaibh iffirn, Aen. 1199 . berid Caron iadsaide ... darin sruth-sa anund isna grianbrughaib, 1326 . grianbruigi iffirn .i. muighi ailli edrochta, 1416 . i tulaigh na trocaire i ngrienbrugib ifirn, CCath. 4274 . ¤bruth solar-glow: co n-acces ... in grianbruth amal gréin n-etraicht, Ériu ii 100 § 6 . ¤chnoc: a fhérmar na ngrianchnoc nglan thou grass abounding one of the sunlit hills, O'Gr. Cat. 476 . ¤chrios: the zodiac , Coneys . ¤dál a sunny meeting place (?): conid isin griandáil ... i Cluain ata taisi Patraic, Fél. 204.27 . ¤ érge sunrise: grīan gan a grīanēirge | gidh glan a gnē, ZCP viii 212 § 61 . ¤ga a sunray: ó chuaidh griangha an iarla i dtalamh `the splendour,' Ó Bruad. i 146.17 . bearta gníomha gan ghriangha `deeds of darkness,' Hackett xlii 79 . ¤gnúis sunny, radiant countenance: ni bai soillsi acu acht grianghnuis caich fri araili dibh, RC xiv 56.12 . ¤goradh basking in the sun: gurab ann tigdís eunlaith Éireann dá ngrianghoradh, Keat. i 166.46 . ¤maine blackberries (lit. sun-brake): grianmhuine .i. sméra .i. an ni as grianda bhios isin muine, O.Cl. Corm. Y 690 (s.v. grith). ¤solusta radiantly bright: Dabilla genmnaidh griantsholusta, Ériu v 150.70 . ¤sróll bright satin: ria bhar n-gaillmeirgib griansroill, MacCarthy 126.15 . ¤tairisem solstice: da grientairisem, BCr. 35b1 . la in griantairismi sin, Fél.² cvi 15 . ¤taitnem: grían-taitnem na greine, CCath. 4848.