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adbchlos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbchlos or dil.ie/355

n (*ad-fo-clos?) o, [later u?].

(a) pomp, vainglory: do adbchlois (g s.) gl. pompae Ml. 40d19 . nīb ar adbchloss do dōinib, ba ar Dia gacha ndēne `for glory before men', Ériu ii 172 § 5 . im anudh menmon um adhbclosaib in betha, Laws v 130.3 Comm. erchra in t-saegail i n-a gloir ┐ i n-a ádbchlos, PH 3983 . no ḟodhladh gach ní fagaibedh ar adbclos ó doinibh, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 1 . díumas ┐ ádclos ┐ bocasach, LB 235a38 . cen a.¤ cen athmaithium, 261a77 . in doman cona adbclossaib, ZCP iii 453.24 .

(b) In good sense glory, praise, fame: ar adbch[l]os ┐ ar a áne (gloss on: ar adbud), ACC 121 ( RC xx 400 ). ? conid fri súan senbath srethaib cerd adbchlosaib erred , LU 10258 (rhetoric). ba faoilidh fri Golam, ar aoi a adhbhclois ┐ a oirrdercais, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.31 . a lleith oinigh ┐ adhbchlossa, ALC ii 368.19 . ní clú fás . . . adhbhchlos ingine Uaitéir, MS. Mat. 565.34 . go ngloir ┐ go n-adbc[h]loss don Athoir, Fl. Earls 160.2 . adhbchlos .i. áoibhneas, O'Cl.

airm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airm or dil.ie/2231

Forms: armand

n f. n p. armand, LU 11056 . place: is sruith ind a.¤ indid epiur, Wb. 4b26 . isind airmm gl. ubi, 4d2 . hu a.¤ gl. e rigione, Ml. 119a8 . a.¤ cussu rucad i slait / is í tuc ainm dond Eoraip, LL 16354 . rancatar co a.¤ i mboí F., LU 3350 ( SCC 14 ). acht co fíasur in n-a.¤ atá, 3373 (ib. 16). dia cloisir do guth cosin a.¤ seo, Laws v 190.7 Comm. Compd. 'na harmfocus `near at hand', Ériu xvi 161 § 8 . a.¤ .i. ionadh, O'Cl.

With the interrog. part. cía a.¤, cairm in what place? where?: ni fiastar som cia a.¤ indid immaircide do epert amén, Wb. 12d18 . cairm (.i. ubi .i. cid cairm .i. ubi) i cúala clūas `where hath ear of anyone heard it? Thes. ii 332.5 (Hy. v). cairm in tibre dam? where wilt thou give (it) to me? Trip.² 1939 . cisi a.¤ hi táside?, LU 3346 ( SCC 13 ). indid damse cit n-armand / hi fil chend erred Ul[ad], LU 11056 . ro chanustar C. ca ha.¤ a fuil D., MR 178.17 .

As conj. where (see GOI p. 546 ): a.¤ i fuirsitis in torcc arimbad and furruimtis a praintech there where they should find a boar, there they should put their refectory, Thes. ii 242.4 (Ardm.). a.¤ i naisṅdethat de dubiis generibus `the place in which they treat of double genders', Sg. 70b13 . a.¤ hi foí, BDD² 488 . a marbadh a.¤ ar saraigh comurba Brigde, RC xvii 381.9 . dóig rafetatar a.¤ condricfaitis na da curaid, LL 10234 . a.¤ .i. baile no inad . . . muna bat reille relltecha a.¤ concurtar cuir, O'Dav. 158 . nach a.¤ wherever: nach a.¤ indatochrathar im imséna `wherever they may happen to be concerned about a conflict of evidence', Críth G. 418 and n. nach a.¤ ata homo his isin scriptuir is do tormach aprisce doen da scripthuir, Hib. Min. 13.454 . nach a.¤ im mbid naidm, Laws v 368.12 Comm.

2 án

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 án or dil.ie/3242
Last Revised: 2013

adj o, ā. See O'Rahilly, EIHM 286 ff. Pokorny, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 129 - 130 . I fiery, bright, glowing: saigtea ana gl. sagitas . . . ardentes, Ml. 24c3 . cosind saigit áin, 133a4 . ar licc áin tentidi, TBC-LL¹ 3384 . Appar. also in compd. derc (= derg?)-á.¤ : for licc dercain, RC xi 444.25 . amal sladar iasc mbrec for licc dergáin co sústaib iarind, LU 8655 ( FB 48 ). uaim ifirn áin fiery(?), Ériu ii 229 § 6 . grían á.¤ (or similar phrase) frequ. used of a person: ān grīan grīssach / goires brēoda B., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 15 . in grían á.¤ (of Moling), Fél. June 17 . lassar gréne áne (of St. Patrick), Mar. 17. Cf. Senac[h] á.¤ mar oebill, Gorm. Feb. 11 . Perh. also: buidne ana do ainglib shining(?), LU 1993 ( FA 6 ). áes án bright (or splendid) folk applied to otherworld people and synonymous with áes síde: aes á.¤ nó sithc[h]aire, O'Dav. 1600 . do brigh go millthighe leisan aois áin (sic) no leisna siodh-bhruighibh gach mac, BNnÉ 164.4 . Cf. poc aosáin `a fairy stroke', RC iv 178 .

In more general sense as eulogistic adj. brilliant, splendid, glorious: an .i. uasal, O'Cl. hān flaith for Temair, Ériu xvi 147.15 . dend Eoganacht áin sin, Fél. Oct. 20 . Ailill á.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 483 . a Emer á.¤ folt-buide, LU 3946 ( SCC 44 ). it āna ind ōic, TBC-I¹ 165 . ni rubaim níth n-erred n-á.¤ , LU 6230 (TBC). gillai óca ána airegda, MU² 74 . co trebur co caomar cembedha ana airccecha, O'D. 2201 ( Nero A vii, 140a ). amais ana immglicca, Alex. 3 . Of a place: Emain á.¤ , LL 7515 . Ailbhe Imligh áin, Cog. 96.27 . Of water: ri c[ria]thras usce n-an n-úar, SR 41 . for in n-ocian n-ucht-lethan n-á.¤ , Auraic. 5353 . Very frequ. as epithet of Ireland: ōs Ēirinn āin, Bruchst. 56 § 125 . Hérend áine, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.8 , etc. Of feats, games: co clessaib ana, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . na cleasa ána iolordha, ITS xxiv 46.34 . bá há.¤ aircech aibind nobítis láith gaile . . . isin tig sin, LU 10131 . Of speech , etc. mad sulbair ┐ mad á.¤ in precept `brilliant', Wb. 8a5 . ba suī, ba ān, ba airdirc, Bruchst. 41 § 7 . ogh-briathra ána, MR 160.7 .

Appar. also swift, speedy (see O'Rahilly loc. cit. and p. 517 ): for a ndíb neachaibh ána udmalla, AFM vi 1920.18 . rogres a eochu ana athloma, TTebe 2862 . fer á.¤ athlamh, TBC-LL¹ 5324 . am tren, am an, am athlum, IT i 141.19 . confacatar na cet[h]a ana imtroma ┐ na casrac[h]a ana imluat[h]a, CCath. 4953 . tucadar cuir ana athluma d'aroile, CF 491 . Hence in glossaries: a.¤ .i. luath ut est airgiu ána .i. it luatha do airrechtain, O'Dav. 13 . a.¤ .i. ésgaid no luath, O'Cl. fir conoencosaibh ana (.i. luatha) (: lāna), Leb. Gab.(i) 52.1 .

Compar. is áiniu dúibsi a n-asbiursa `it is nobler for you what I say', Wb. 5a10 . dírimm bas choímiu ná bess áiniu, TBFr. 47 . ? is edh doberiud bruith isna hōgaib no-gontais ann, comtar aniu iarnauārach, RC xii 94 § 123 . co nād būi i fēin Find [fer] bad áiniu ┐ bad escaidiu ō sain [im]mach `swifter', Four Songs 22.7 .

Superl. is é rí as ánem ┐ as ordnidhem . . . tánic in domun uile, BDD² 1070 . In phrase in tan ba háinem (do) x when x was at the height of his performance, at his best: intan ba hánem dó, BDD 109 . in tan tra ba h-aínium doib beith for sin luindi sin when their anger was at its fiercest, BB 437b26 . an tan ba háinemh dona Gallaibh foran abairt atrubhramor, Hugh Roe 36.11 (fo. 10a) . an tan bá h-aínemh dóibh isuidhe `when they were here making merry', AFM v 1862.17 . Compar. used as superl.: in tráth rop ániu doib oc ól when their feast was at its height, LL 14637 . intan ba haniu flaith Cuirc hi Caisiul, Anecd. iii 59.30 . in tan tra b'aine in gleo sin when that noise was at its height, Aen. 2830 . in tan tra ba h-aine ic tafann na fiadmil, 727 . in tan ba haine do o[c] cathugadh fri lucht na long, BB 419a8 .

Adv. gabait ar a ól co h-á.¤ , LL 207b15 . go hā.¤ , ZCP viii 115 § 28 . nert Erenn ni gab co han, Fen. 64.19 . ? ro gerradh . . . co roan .i. co ro-luath, Leb. Gab.(i) 102 n.2 .

II As subst. glory, splendour, etc. orgin. o, n. ni ain something of splendour, Auraic. 1585 . Aimirgen indse Gáedel / ar n-ór, ar n-á.¤, ar n-óebel `our glory', Ériu iv 136.18 . As o, m. splendid person: gach á.¤ is éigeas, Keat. ii 1752 ( BB 43a 56 ).

Compds. ? ¤-bó: caeca an bó a hO. ` fine cows ', Leb. Cert. 64.1 . ¤-breó bright flame , Fél. June 2 . ¤-chainnel bright torch: da ánchaindil gascid Gaedel, TBC-LL¹ 3771 ( LL 10730 ) = anch., 3769 ( 10729 ). ? ¤-chend: doluid Eocho anchend ed, LL 375a28 (no rhyme). la hEochaid Ānchend, ZCP xi 65 § 16 . ¤-ḟer: bītis āinfir (: fáilid) maille frim glorious men, Ériu ii 95 § 4 . ¤-loise: dā ānloise `splendid flames' (of heroes), TBC-I¹ 3313 . ¤-rí splendid king: Maicc Cairpri, cāine ānrīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 § 2 . ¤-spirut: án spirut nóeb nert nime `splendid holy spirit', Thes. ii 351.2 (Hy. vi). ? ¤tengthaid clear spokesman: antengtaid ardafeith 'it is a clear spokesman who tends it' Peritia v 88 (k) . ? feithem fri hantenguidh timgair gell comgrad 'attending to the clear spokesman who summons the pledge of those of equal rank' CIH vi 2223.4 , Peritia v 104 .

anflaith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anflaith or dil.ie/3564
Last Revised: 2013

n (1 flaith)

(a) misrule, tyranny: in t-anforran ┐ in n-anflathi (leg. anflaith?), Cog. 52.1 . do thairnium anflatha, Ériu i 130.48 .

(b) non-lord, commoner; usurper, tyrant: to-léci anflaith do ḟírḟlaith 'the un-ruler [ = false ruler] yields to the true ruler' AM 16 § 54k , Ériu xxx 194-95 . rosaig anḟlaith lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 `a non-lord (i.e. a former churl),' p. 32 . fer fothla also called a.¤ , Manners and Customs ii p. 36 . flaith foceird fri a.¤ , Laws v 358.8 (expld. in p. 360 Comm. as one who accepts stock from an unlawful or extern chieftain). a.¤ táinic itir dá degflaith sunn, O'D. 1583 (H 5.15, 7b). nocon erred anflatha, LU 3764 ( SCC 34 ). rondlomsat . . . assa rigu, ar ba a.¤ , RC xiii 462 § 66 . immusnaerfat anflathi, xxvi 40 § 210 . dobebat flathi ria n-anflathib, 38 § 191 . biat ile anflathe, 36 § 179 . tairnebtait na h-anflathe tocébdait na fingarta, LL 308a5 ( SG 388.20 ). mane tarset anflaithe, BColm. 50.7 . forlamus anflatha, Cog. 10.17 . (of a ruler) nírb a.¤ anaobhdha, KMMisc. 346.25 . is é is anfhlaith ann an tí do-ní follamhnughadh . . . do réir neirt is ní do réir cheirt, Keat. iii 4146 .

anglondach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anglondach or dil.ie/3635

Forms: ánglondach

adj o, ā (anglond). Also ánglondach and in later lang. with len. -g-. warlike, valiant: im díth erred a.¤ , LU 6173 ( TBC-I¹ 1689 ). trí meic Uisnig anglonnaig, MU² 104 . M. ánglonnach, LL 233a30 ( TTr. 1206 ). R. a.¤ can acht, Metr. Dinds. iv 254.1 . E. a.¤ ┐ T. trenchalma, TTebe 3151 . cethrar eclonnach (anglondach v.l.) úathmar, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.2 . do mhac Aédha anglonnaigh, MR 306.8 . onchú ēachtach anghlonnach, O'R. Poems 1101 . In n.pr. Conall Ánglonnach, MU² 67 . ór anghlónnach, name of a drinking horn, Acall. 21 v.l. = Anghalach, text.

2 arg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 arg or dil.ie/4129
Last Revised: 2013

adj I o, ā noble, great, impressive: a.¤ dano urdairc unde dicitur airchetal .i. argg-cētul .i. cētul urdairc, Corm. Y 27 . a.¤ .i. urduirc, O'Dav. 43 . eraim na.¤ (cheville), Laws i 134.9 .

II Subst. o, m. prominent person, champion, hero: a.¤ .i. lāech . . . gein in airg [.i.] in lāic[h], Corm. Y 27 . leó ball ┐ a.¤ laoch, 804 . a.¤ fiann .i. tiachar, ab Argis .i. ō Grécaib ar febus a n-ōcc, O'Mulc. 57 . dibergg .i. di-bi-arg .i. ni la laochacht adrīmt[h]er ut a.¤ fiann ar nī bī i cōir laochachtae diultad Dē ┐ giallnae Demuin, 309 . argg .i. anrath, LL 311b25 . a.¤ .i. laoch, O'Dav. 43 . airg .i. laeich, fir ┐ mna, O'Curry 2047 ( H 4.22, 62a ). a.¤ .i. laoch, ut est airge (sic) ┐ fir ┐ mna, 571 (H 3.18, 285). airg ┐ fir ┐ mna ┐ ferrdomain . . . (text) airg .i. na graid flatha .i. na laich; fir .i. na graid feine cenmotha laich, 587 (H 3.18, 290) = O'D. 877 (H 3.17, c. 630). distinguished persons (Respektpersonen), Thurn. ZCP xvi 208 n.2 . ar argg (.i. láech) níad ropsam fortail `over any champion I prevailed', Ériu i 72 § 3 . argg tricc Trēnmōr T. was a swift hero, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14 § 2 . a.¤ na laech (of Art Óenfer), LU 4172 . a.¤ n-erred (rhet.), LL 14192 . ar-cichset airg loman londgliaid, Sc.M² 15 . dotáet do lochbriga eter argaib (.i. anradaib) erritib, LU 3528 ( SCC 28 ). re n-arcaib ré n-erredaib, 8502 ( FB 35 ). Mafemis ainm n-airg, LL 2222 . a hInis Áine na n-a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 190.5 . i rrubad a.¤ Mael . . . Ísu, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 54 . do theilg san urrlaind in t-a.¤ , BB 56b50 . d'eiteall airg, Aithd. D. 9.15 . In n.loc. a Brí Airg, Ériu iv 146 § 24 .

? im aisneis n-a.¤ , Laws v 230.14 Comm. do aisneis n-a.¤ , Ériu xiii 16. 23 . Compds. aircdíne 'warrior race' Ériu lii 76 § 1b . See also ? narg.

ar-suidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-suidi or dil.ie/4320

v (a) ar a deni ┐ ar a ani in charpait ┐ ind erred arid suided and who was placed in the warrior's seat(?), LU 10179 (or to be referred to the compd. ar-said and translated who sat in front?).

(b) makes terms, settles conditions, stipulates: arsuid trichu mbuair berur, Laws ii 134.12 `es bedingt, dass 30 Rinder genommen werden', Bürgschaft 78 = arsaigh trichat bo berur, Laws ii 132.18 Comm. arsuidi slan do giallaib gaibtur, 136.4 = arsaid, O'Curry 825 (H 3.18, 379) `es bedingt Entschädigung an die Geiseln, die gefasst werden', Bürgschaft 78 . Cf. ar-saig.

cathugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cathugud or dil.ie/8384
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cathachadh

u, m. Vn. of cathaigid. cathachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 .

(a) As vn. act of fighting, battling : nad choimnactar c.¤ , Ml. 66d6 . c.¤ (cathadh, v.l.) caich `fighting everybody', Tec. Corm. 22 . ic[c]athugud co tren, SR 3975 . tusa do cathachad dar cenn na hecalsa, Grail 2597 . cobhsaidhe fri cathugadh do churadhaibh (of `sheds of war'), Hugh Roe² 108.29 . With follg. prep. FRI: do ch.¤ fri diabol `to fight against', Wb. 22d11 . oc c.¤ fri slúagaib na ndemna, LU 2211 ( FA 29 ). na fir . . . do ch.¤ fri ar ṅdeib-ne, PH 1013 . c.¤ fri hiris an eres, O'Mulc. 419 .

(b) fight, battle ; inna cathigthiu gl. concertationes, Ml. 55d17 . oc in ch.¤ , 65b10 . in chathaigtho gl. luctatús, 128a11 . gebid a erred cathaigthe imme, LU 7861 (BDD). mebuid cathugad for Ailill ┐ Meidb, RC vi 178.133 v.l. ? Cf. cathigud cen chomartha (one of 16 signs of poor advocacy), LL 345e8 . lécset c.¤ do'n béist gave battle to, PH 7228 . gin triall cathaigthi `without going on a campaign', Marco P. 66 . do ni cathughadh a naghaidh na bfiabrus combats fever (of caraway), 23 K 42, 390.14 .

(c) Of spiritual warfare temptation, trial: c.¤ a colla temptation of the flesh, PH 4612 . in cathughadh do cuiredh air, Smaointe B. Chr. 1310 . ná treóraigh don chathughadh sind, Celtica xxii 153 § 6 . ar cathaighthibh na colna, DDána 53.10 . nā fuiling ar [d]tuitim a gcathughadh ne nos inducas in tentationem, Celtica i 171.286 . ēudaigh boga . . . chuirios cathaigh[th]e ar na daoinibh, Beatha S. F. 1806 . ag feitheamh do chathuighthe `certamen tuum spectat', TSh. 10189 . na cuireamne cathughadh ar Chríosd, 1 Corinth. x 9 .

Distress, sadness : cathughadh ┐ buaidhirt inmhedhōnach, Celtica i 189.933 . scrupal ná cathúghadh, Mac Aingil 1798 . bí cathughadh orthi a ttaoibh maithis duine eile (of mens invidi), Párl. na mB. 1459 .

Note also: da ccuiredh clérech . . . cathughadh . . . do chontrárdhughadh `attempt . . . to do contrary', RSClára 52a .

cerdamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cerdamail or dil.ie/8760

adj i (1 cerd). Of work, artistically wrought: a gcathbairr chunna cherdamla, SG 271.13 . leithed a dhā bonn [d'ōr] c[h]erdamail, ML² 489 . ós cionn creasa cérdamhuil an Ephod, Exodus xxviii 28 . Cf. cona erred . . . uasalcherdamail, Alex. 462 . Of a person, skilful: oibrigh cérdamhuil = a cunning workman, Exodus xxxviii 23 . Adv. do chlochaibh áilne . . . ar na gceangal go ceárdamhail, ML 112.15 .

1 cinnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cinnid or dil.ie/9148

Forms: cinniud, cinnte

v (cenn)

(a) defines, fixes, settles : sech is no cinned aimsir són `that it should determine time' gl. fini, Ml. 17d4 . ní cinni aimsir donec hi sunt gl. non est finis indicium, 128a4 . 8 . cinness gl. diffinit, Sg. 137b3 . ní cinnet gl. nec finiunt, 147a9 . manud chinni gl. si . . . finit, 197a12 . deg cinte persana `because they define', 13 . ro cinnius gl. definiui, 18 . -cinnet, 15 , 16 . cinnit ┐ dofoirṅdet dechrogod inna persine fri alaili, 202a5 . airet no chindfed Dia a bethu his allotted span, LL 274a25 . tria gním in choicḟir roscind / atát óic-ḟir 'ca n-immrimm `who fixed them' (of the Five Roads of Ireland), Metr. Dinds. iii 280.55 . aran doenacht ro chinis (chinnis v.l.) a noentaig persainne frit diadacht which you decided to assume(?), Ir. Lit. 20.13 `which grew in unity of person', Ed. cia cinn . . . / saegul sein cech duini bí?, SR 7883 (sein metri gratia, :ṅgein).

With óige etc. in religious contexts pledges, consecrates: rochinn a hoighe do Dhia, BNnÉ 104.z . rochindes-[s]a m'ōighe din Coimde, ACL iii 309. 12 - 13 . ros cind manchine an meic go brath do Bherach, BNnÉ 40.34 . Note also: cindnim (cinnem v.l.) . . . a comshnaidm na desi sin daibsi `I pledge . . . the troth of those twain with you', TTebe 664 . dar chinn m[e]isi mo mheanmain `for whom I have reserved my love' (Gloss.), Celtica iv 119 § 31 .

Freq. in Laws Comm. of fixing tribute, penalty etc.: smacht urdalta . . . ro cindsett na hudair, v 312.x . ni cinnter a agae `its time . . . is not determined', 368.16 . dentadha . . . arnar cind ugdair cinnedh denmha, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 11 . So also: cinnid cāin domnaig . . . / ar na fāthaib sin `ordain the law of Sunday', Ériu iii 144 § 22 . ro-chindset . . . cach dliged bias do rīg Caisil, Corp. Gen. 207.16 . Of friendship, an agreement: ro chindset . . . a caratrad, LL 32045 ( TTr. 1232 ). ro-chinnset a cotach cáid, SR 5937 .

(b) completes, finishes : ro chind trī chōicc cert-bliadan `completed', Ériu xvii 48 § 48 . a Chríst, rochind mo cháemchorp `that didst fashion', Metr. Dinds. iv 18.22 . missi f[éin] . . . ro cinnius mo [be]thaidh `I have ended my life', CCath. 2724 . c.¤ cath brings battle to successful conclusion: im ferr-sa uair cinnim cath / inda ind ócbad amulchach (`range the ranks'), Metr. Dinds. iv 358.y . feib ro cind-si a chatha `had settled its battles', 408.18 . Cf. cinnset cian coccadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 280.1 .

(c) decides (on a course of action), makes a decision: cinnfidh, órduighidh, Eg. Gl. 117 . amail rocinn semh (leg. rocinnsem) . . . is amlaid dognem, RC xiii 29.32 . rochomailled, rochinned, Ériu iv 106.16 . With vn.: iss ed ro chinset a adnacol issin Bruig (of Cormac mac Airt), LU 4063 . rochinnistar na doíne do huilidilgenn (the Flood), Rawl. 70a7 . ro chind dul i n-ailithri, Laws v 124.4 Comm. rocindead leo mo marbad-sa, TTebe 2052 . With co n- and subordinate clause: do c[h]innsat curaidh Clīu Máil / . . . co claoidhfidīs talmain truim, ML² 1284 . ro cind ana menmain conid hé Sir Galafas, Grail 109 . ? Cf. ra cindaighe . . . go mad iad ra gebhadh righe Connacht, TFrag. 106.1 .

With comairle: docinnedh comairle cidh dogēndis fris they decided what they should do with him, ZCP viii 560.34 . 'sí comairle ro-chinnset, xi 57 § 8 . ro cinneastair (? leg. cinnseatar, n.) uile éncomuirli, CF² 21 . ó ro chinnset foran ccomhairle hisin, Hugh Roe² 150.7 . is í comairle ar ar cinnettar, CS 304.5 . With other nouns: cech laithi luain ro cinded / aideda erred , IT iii 16 § 38 . coro chinne a dáil, LL 18638 . do chéin rochind a gnim cain, SR 1343 . can bréig cinnset gach astar / dá naom déc ro taghastar, SG 25.18 .

With follg. prepp. c.¤ do x decides for x: cindimm díb . . . glónshnáthi . . . do dénum, PH 7856 . an bhean dar chinn an rí rath (of Mary Magdalen), DDána 69.10 . gach ní cindess dīa do nech, ZCP vii 302.y . ? Cf. cinnes .i. darlinges ut est adhbul fisi armotha darcinnius co dian mo cuib `I let loose', O'Dav. 562 = darchinnius co dían mo chuib, IT i 162.5 . In (perf.) pass. is destined for: is ed rocindead dun, Anecd. i 4.10 ( SCano 94 ). ? dibh cinnter ced semann, Ériu xiii 28.10 . Mac Con mar dho cinnedh do / ba heagal leo a thocht tarrsto, Magauran 3160 . an tí do cinneadh dar gcabhair (of Christ), DDána 41.29 . Note also: do cinneadh chumh aidhmhillte `are appointed to destruction', Proverbs xxxi 8 . c.¤ for (ar) decides on: as truagh an gniomh ar ar chindeabhoir (of Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), ZCP x 284.x . is í cealg ar ar chinnsead, DDána 86.27 . With prep. ref. to subj. of vb.: ro chinnsiomh occa ina menmain gan frithbert etc. `he determined in his mind', Hugh Roe² 234.29 . do chinnes agam fén . . . a ndaingniughadh, RSClára 54.11 .

(d) In chevilles: seisear Cruithneach, ro chind Día / tangadar as in Traígía, BB 43b4 . ord ro chinnius, LL 16105 ( Todd Nenn. 252.232 ). suairc ro chind, LL 376b32 . ceart rochinn, Keat. i 148.26 .

Vn. cinniud. Part. cinnte.

cléithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cléithe or dil.ie/9421
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: chléthe, cléithe, cleithe, cleithi

n io, n. Later f. (long vowel not guaranteed by rhyme. Cf. 1 cleth, clíath?). n s. cleithi n-ordain iartair domain, AU an. 939 . cleithe n-óc nEmna, LL 2626 (cf. however: Clethe bretha name of a law-tract, Laws i 26.3 Comm. ) a s. a chléthe n-óchtarach, LU 1476 . n pl. cléithe, Críth G. 157 . g pl. fer da cleithe , Laws iv 350.22 . As f. d s. i cleithi áin, LL 29494 . g s. cecha cleithi , LL 400a42 .

(a) roof-tree, ridge-pole : ete iter cach dá ḟíthe ó ṡuidiu co c.¤ , Críth G. 100 . in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi, Corm. Y 275 . is bēsad na cleithe (= g s. of 1 cleth), is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēit[h]e, ibid. (cf. Laws iv 358.13 ) = ina cliad, Thr. Ir. Gl. 10 s.v. clíí. Tech Midchúarda o cléithib co talmandae, LU 7207 ( BDD² 824 ). ró lá [cor n-iach n-erred] de i n-ar[da co ruc] a chléthe n-óchtarach din tig co mboí for cléthiu in tigi aile, LU 1476 ( MU² 953 - 4 ). dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, f. 21 (23)a ). a breth fo clethe; a breth a nuaim into a building(?), Laws ii 128.15 Comm. (`into concealment'). atracht columu tenntide . . . co cleithe na heclaisi, Three Hom. 66.4 . secht stíalla umai ón damdabaich co c.¤ issin tig, TBFr. 76 . gur b' ionsamhail cleithi tre churcais reanna na sleagh tres an slios araill do Chelluch a ridge-pole protruding from a thatch of rushes(?), MR 272.13 . ? cf. fiacla cirí cleth i curghais (a derogatory description), IT iii 101 § 179 . Confused with clí: cli .i. ise a bés na cleithe, is trén ┐ is dírech, ┐ congaib ┐ congaibther . . . adcumuing o cleithiu co lar, Laws iv 358.22 , 23 (cf. also Corm. Y 275 above). ní bfuaramar dhar ttighthibh shoir / acht bun gach cleithe a ttalmhuin, Ériu i 22.108 .

(b) By synecdoche, (dwelling) house: biaid gol gacha cleiti .i. cacha tighe, H 3.18, 553a14 . dixit Pátricius nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip.² 1814 . Cf. YBL 136a27 . co na boi dei do clethe a n-Erinn forsna beth cíos doib, RC xii 62 § 25 . ol cét cech clethi i nHerind, LL 22416 . Cf. 27617 .

(c) More generally building : it hé insin .vii. c.¤ ó ndírenar cach bóaire (ref. to a list of seven buildings, a dwelling-house and six farm-buildings), Críth G. 157 . a ṡrethe tige, a ḟolud, a chléthe, a echṡréin, 432 . co n-innrucus ch.¤ `with a complete set of buildings' (Gloss.), 438 . ? trí dotcaid threbtha: gort salach, iarmur c.¤, tech drithlennach, Triads 65 . ?fer . . . na techta fo tuaith co leir na cleithe who owns no house throughout the territory (?), Laws iv 352.12 (`visibly or invisibly').

(d) As technical term for some kind of tenant or dependent: lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe cona comorbuib techtaib `two cleithe- tenants', Laws iv 350.11 . flaithem oen escra .i. fer aen cleithe, 14 . Cf. senchléithe. do flaith rucu gu-breth for a celi .i. gu-fiadnaise im clethe, v 220.4 Comm.

(e) c.¤ (sg. or pl.) nime, aeóir, etc. the heavens, the firmament; the sky : a cléthib clithnimi, LU 1169 . lotar na suipp ṡesca . . . i cléthib aeóir ┐ firmiminti, TBC-LL¹ 6040 . na fóit . . . curit i cleithe ḟirmimenti, LL 24910 . ba h-urcur a cleithibh nime ┐ ba snam i n-aighid srotha, BB 419b37 . do eirgedh an detach co direch i cleitib in aeoir, Grail 3098 . Without qualifying gen. no rannad bledmila in mara immi . . . súas i n-ardda clethi, LL 12631 . fuath-nell . . . d'ár ceiled in cleithi coithcenn (sic) . . . os a cendaib, MR 240.5 . ? Cf. go ttarla C. fo chleithibh talmhain, TBC-LL¹ p. 561 n.6 (fo lintip an atha, St.).

(f) Other applications. top, crown (of head, more freq. c.¤ cinn or c.¤ cennmullaig): in buinne díriuch dondḟala atracht a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 (TBC). roben Gola i clethi a chind, SR 5871 . cora chomthócbaiset a lonna láith ósa cleithib, LL 32509 ( TTr. 1707 ). imon cathbharr im a cleithi, BB 297a 41 . in mong . . . tria cleithi a ceandmullaich, RC xxiv 196.17 . co ruc clethi a chinn de co n-apad, xxiii 325 § 14 n. Of the tops of trees, woods, mountains, a city: ba cosmail fri cleithe caille cetamain . . . cechtar a da gruad, LL 253a47 (cf. Aen. 1926 and IT iii 186.13 s.v. forcléithe, also forcle). suas gu clethi na crand, BB 497a4 . a bun cleithi na crand, 13 . cleithe na uruachtur sleibhe Erix, CCath. 1382 . sliab nOlimp, isa cenn ┐ isa clethi fil . . . , BB 488b2 . ós cleithi na cathrach, CCath. 1321 . c.¤ .i. uachdar tighe, tulcha no cnuic, O'Cl.

(g) Freq. in Laws Comm. meaning something of considerable value, a matter of importance, high rank(?) (oppd. to , q.v.): mas a seachtar faiche [ro gatait na beich] . . ., gid maigin . . . gid sechtar maigin, gid cutrumus lui gid cutrumus clethe . . . mas a maigin ┐ is cutrumus cleithi is lanenecland. Mas a chutrumus lui, is leitheinecland. Masa seachtar maigin ┐ is cutrumus clethe is leithenecland. Masa cutrumus lui is uii.adh neneclaindi, O'D. 1041 (H.2.15, 25). dá trian diri dula urraidh d'urradh ina dúil; aen trian diri dula deoraidh do deoradh ina dúil, ┐ eneclann do cechtar de fo aicned lui no cleithi according to his lesser or greater standing(?), 1366 (E. 3.5, 24a). rig . . . beires bretha gua, cid im lu, cid im cleithi `whether it be concerning a small thing or a large', Laws i 54.18 Comm. cid bec .i. im lu; cid mor .i. im cleithi, iii 38.y Comm. noco nuil deithbir lui na cleithi im in cumail sin `no difference of major or minor (higher or lower rank)', 110.6 Comm. ma ro gatait seoit uaithib ris in ré sin, eneclann do cechtar de ann fo aicned lai no cleithi `minor or major value' (rank?), 144.15 Comm. corab e in tainmrainde sin da eneclainn bes do co na ferthain ar in rob is cleithi, ┐ a leth ina ferthain ar in rob is lu, 358.y Comm. a nderbḟorgeall clethe for na huaislib . . . a nderbforgeall clethe for islib an affirmation concerning an important matter, 396.6 - 8 Comm. gufiadnaise im clethe, no im forcruidh fognuma im clethe `about a great (matter), or about excess of service in a great (matter)', v 220.4-5 Comm. But cléithe are divided into large and small: ce ro ghata da cleithi o duine, .i. clethe beg ┐ clethe mor, O'Curry 1665 ( 23 Q 6, 23 b ). cemadh mo re hic naithgina in clethi mor na in clethi beg nocha mo re hic smachta na dire na eneclainne e na in clethi bec, 1666 ( 23 Q 6 23 b ). Cf. clethe .i. mor no uasal, O'Dav. 558 .

(h) Fig. perfection, culmination; chief, head : i suthemlacht cech berlai co clethi to (or with?) perfection, LU 661 ( ACC 26 gl . baí sab súithe cec dind). acht na roigh co cleithe `but he does not reach to the top (of scholarship)', Laws iv 356.7 . ceand ┐ cléthi cacha bíd int iasc ár dothomail Issu he, Thr. Ir. Gl. 24 s.v. iasc. cléithi .i. rogha ut est cléithi tech n Erenn, H 3.18, 650b24 . ba cleithi ach don Erind bas meic Erca, Dinds. 114 . cléthe .i. formna, no in t-art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine, ut est co cléthi fine fosaighther cina, O'Dav. 486 . for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide `chiefs' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iv 130.82 . sáifiter slúaig con mae re secht c.¤ slúaig Ulad, LL 11628 (TBC rhet.). clethe Laighen leighnidhe, TFrag. 188.5 . tiagha[ir] gusan gcathraigh, dotaott gussan gclēithe (i.e. to the chief personage in the town), ZCP vii 305.3 . araile fealmac fēigh don Mumhain . . . atnacobrustor mnáoi siú rosiacht clēithe the perfection of his art(?), 304.27 . as go c.¤ tuaithe tiagaid filidh fuigheall fria forus fáth, Ériu xiii 33.31 . Ua Suanaich . . . / Eiríu ard amre . . . / ised a c.¤ clerech, BB 233b35 . imm imthecor do dērce as cend ┐ as cléthe inna huile timna, Otia ii 97 § 31 . is é cléthi ┐ forair in fhorcetail diada in dearc, PH 5789 . mad intii adcobra rosá cléthe foirbthetad `who desires to reach the pitch of perfectness', Ériu vii 154 § 6 . comad ead clethi soethair cech duine, áine ┐ érnaigthi, RC xii 438.1 . combadh si budh cenn ┐ budh cleithe d'eccailsibh Érenn, AFM i 142.x .

cloïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloïd or dil.ie/9576

Forms: clód

v (somet. also clu-, and with diphthong cloí(d)-, claí(d)-). IGT Verbs § 42 (clói-, clái-, claí-). Cf. Mod. Ir. cloíonn le, sticks to , (Greene, Ériu xxi 29 ).

I Trans.

(a) turns, turns back, repels : conid cloitis asind noibi i mbí `so that they might drive him', Ml. 112b20 . mac Failléin . . . / ní chlóifither for cúlu, SG 388.3 . ni claefidis é uada they could not turn him (part him) from it, TTebe 3446 .

(b) Of weapons turns the edge, blunts : ní for brágtib dam na bó / clóthir colg mo ruanado, LU 9672 . ? immo tarlaicthe cranna imma cloiset gai, LL 13474 . rocloait a cloidme re cailcib na cromsciath, Ériu viii 44.16 . ro chlaiset laighni . . . a taebaib trenmiled, Aen. 2825 . ? gora chloesetar a n-ilchlessarda ra tilib . . . na scíath cliss, LL 10537 ( TBC-LL¹ 3561 ).

(c) overthrows, vanquishes, conquers, destroys : is airi ro cload it has been destroyed, Wb. 3b1 . nob cloifether gl. uincemini, Ml. 67a11 . ro clois-siu gl. uicisti, 43d18 . ro chlói gl. uincente, 37a5 . clóither gl. uinci, 30c1 . cloithir gl. (eadem ruina . . . ) inuoluitur, 16b3 . i ndithrub pardais ro cloi-som Adam i ndíthrub in domuin ra cloi-som Críst, Tur. 18 . ro clui aicme ilclannaigh, O'Dav. 350 . cluidsius borb beolu bennacht `he subdued to benediction the mouths of the fierce ones', ACC 119 ( LU 1125 ). for Conchobar clúais, RC xxix 212 § 17 . con ro cloe demhon, Blathm. 172 . doel oca diul. Medithir orcni cor chlai a letaeb uile `destroyed', Fél.² xxxiv 38 . ma clāid airigu[d] `siegt (durchdringt)', ZCP xiv 348.14 (of testing samples of malt). macne Chathaīr ro cloīset mo brugas búar, Fing. R. 489 . dī cīch mnā no chlōitis leis (of Bricriu), Corp. Gen. 284.15 . ruiri Macha . . . / clōas crīcha Cathriach, 9.1 . is búaid mór do Góedelaib / co clothar in slúag, LU 9473 . nói cluid nís clúi garbdrend `could not demolish', Metr. Dinds. i 30.37 . nirb obair liúin rodusclái `that broke them (of dogs)', Metr. Dinds. iii 122.42 . ro clofinnsi Cesair gan ar gan airlech, CCath. 4581 . denaid frithaire . . . naro cloa diabul sib, PH 3052 . romclaeietar mo dubailce, D IV 2, 67b5 . dot bhais tsheing nār cládh ó chion, ZCP ii 352.26 . triar nach claoidhfidhear choidhche (of the Trinity), DDána 60.14 . sé gnéithe fiabhrusa . . . lé gclaoidhtear an cholann, TSh. 7890 . mairtír nár chló a coing, Celtica iv 125 § 28 . cloch . . . cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach raod, Corm. Y 213 .

(d) With cath, cathu: cía ro chathu cloí, Trip.² 2530 . Hail Brigit 21 . erred fir cluas catha, LU 9681 . cluim cathu, LL 13864 (rhet.). clōiet na catha co crūaid, Ériu vi 122 § 11 ( Rawl. 83b24 ).

(e) Of the effect of grief: ro claided o galar na cumadh iat, Laud 610, f. 24b (Plummer MS. notes). rodonclái gol ┐ mairg, Metr. Dinds. iii 124.64 . adhbal ecc ecc dom ruacht, / cruaidh romcluidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 260.x (glossed: do thochail no do claoi mo croidi).

(f) With dath, cruth, gnóe changes (for the worse): ro chlai dath, / amal mnai beth ic lamnad, SR 3027 . ra ṅgab guba, ro chlói cruth, 6087 . Conaire caem cruth nár chlaei, SG 151.8 . do-clos tre diumus mo gnaoi `durch Übermut habe ich meine Schönheit verwandelt', ZCP x 416.4 . na hardphuirt-se ór clódh a gcruth, DDána 68.14 .

(g) With cíall, intliucht, etc. perverts, leads astray : nís derban día ṅdáil ind reb sin ┐ ní cluí a n-indtlicht oca ndáil, BDD² 1155 . .uiii. ṁbliadna buí i rrigi . . . cialla ros claí rectaid rán, LL 16618 . coro chluí a brétho a blaid / in t-Eocho, 15763 . nír chlódh mo chiall, Anecd. i 29 § 36 . is í menmai Deicc . . . ro cload ann, PH 1047 . roclaeit cetfada curad a[c] comthoitim, TTebe 2827 .

(h) Of desires, vices subdues, conquers: slan don miandaigh in ní claides a mian `what subdues her yearning', Laws iii 204.9 Comm. an tí chlaoieas a fhearg féin, Desid. 1491 . teagaisgidh mar chlaoieas sí saint na sul, 1195 . an tsubháilce ré gclaoitear an drúis, Donlevy 164.23 .

II

(a) Intrans. turns, returns, turns back : créd ima clofad óa anmianaibh why should he turn from his evil desires? Aisl. Tond. 103.1 . do closed da tigib, Ann. Conn. 1256.8 . ná cló dá hibhe `turn not to drink it', Magauran 2422 . do indtódar ón imresain ┐ do clóadar ón cath, Caithr. Thoirdh. 91.36 . níor chló an bhean do bhí dot iarraidh / gur bhean sí do dhiamhair dhíd (to the Cross discovered by Helena), Dán Dé iii 25 . [do] dhruim cheilge nocha chló, Aithd. D. 8.43 . gu ro clodhsat forculai cusin loingis doridhisi, Marco P. 149 . ra chlóiset cuir caratraid, LL 10521 (rhet.).

? is hed as dilem limm ciacloid gl. ne quis uos seducat, Wb. 26a2 (leg., with Sarauw, ciatloid, edd.) `that ye overcome', Plummer MS. notes. rinnib ris cloífet cnámreda, LU 10365 (rhet.). Bith mac Noe na n-ildrem / cid ro choíl re cladband, LL 521 . cúic claidmi nár chlaí fri cnáim, Leb. Cert.² 863 (? leg. claíset).

Vn. clód.

cloth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloth or dil.ie/9602

Forms: clotha, clotha, cluith

n o, [n., Meyer Contribb.] n s. clóth nell, IT i 78.13 ( LMU 17 ). n pl. clotha, LL 20494 . a pl. clotha, Ml. 129a13 . ZCP xi 86 § 43 . Anecd. iii 11.11 . BB 299a24 . ? Also: n pl. cluith, ZCP x 53.25 . Blathm. 993 (cloth, MS.: ¤croich). Usu. pl., esp. in early texts.

(a) report, rumour, tidings : airisen oll a clotha / tomaidm lond Locha hEirne, BB 37b29 . topur . . . / feib arslunnet a clotha / ar a (for asa) mbruinnet .uii. primṡrotha, LL 20494 . In pejorative sense: clotha gl. (manet aduersus omnes) rumores (interritus), Ml. 129a13 .

(b) fame, reputation : ní ria clotha ar bíad [ar is ferr dín c.¤ oldás dīn bíd], ZCP xi 86 § 43 . c.¤ glangel, Thes. ii 353.7 (Hy. vi). comba luiet mo gnima eter clothaib neirt n-erred , LU 10272 . for réli do chluith / biat forscailtech raith, LL 18547 (perh. in meaning (c)). ni bia ainech . . . na c.¤ ac neoch contuasi ri drochmná, 345a4 . Crīst na c.¤ , BColm. 100.18 . c.¤ co mbúadhuibh, ZCP viii 197 § 13 . mac flatha dorat cul fri clotha, BB 299a24 . cen chlotha do chāemrannad `his fame was unshared', Ériu xvii 48 § 52 (? without attaining to his fair share of fame) see note. ferrdi c.¤ cuimhniughadh, MR 158.x . an ben robe ferr clu ┐ c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1403.6 .

famous (perh. an old part. but g pl. acc. to Contribb. 393n. ): rop cathāer c.¤ Connacht do chrīch, Corp. Gen. 317.y (line hypermetric). ? dígrais c.¤ `excellent the fame', Thes. ii 344.3 (Hy. v) (.i. clothach in gnim). Cōemgen c.¤ , 331.4 (Hy. v) (.i. clothach .i. airdirc). medhamhain c.¤ , Ériu xiii 24.2 . Hence: c.¤ .i. oirrdric, Stowe Gl. 260 . ? arad c.¤ caín in réim riadait bí (.i. ut dicitur i nImacallaim in da Túarad .i. altram c.¤ .i. foglaim ecse. cluith do thur .i. intí ica mbí a enech do thúr), LU 358 . Cf. árad clod .i. enech, RC xx 44.24 (ACC) (`ladder of hospitalities', Stokes).

Hence (c) generosity : do-llēce dochell do chlothaib, ZCP xi 96 § 54 f. cluith do thúr .i. in lucht in mbí enech do thúr, LL 24406 .

? seissiur for coe, caemthuit cluidh `scholars of renown', Auraic. 2233 . ifirt cloidimh c.¤ cen ḟaighdhe (immirt cloidib clud faigdi, v.l.), IT iii 14 § 29 . bat finna ic tocht issin loch / corcra co c.¤ ciṅgtís uad, LL 28310 (perh. for ro cloth) (`famously', Metr. Dinds. iii 328.56 ).

Compds.

(a) With nouns usu. in meaning famous . tri athchomairc cech doruis, / . . . / fri cach clothalt (1 alt), SR 463 . fo chéimim chlothalt, LL 769 . Mo Chua . . . clothbarr, Gorm. June 4 (-bair, MS). Cr[ist] cain ar clothbile, IT iii 56 § 105 . ina c[h]lothbili chongbāla catha, Fianaig. 86.7 . at clúm claisse co clothblad, LL 2566 (to Emain Macha). Clothchu, epscop . . . Cluana Ioraird, AFM i 398.10 . clothdelgg n-unga[e] `precious brooch' (Gloss.), Críth G. 346 . Concobair . . . / clothrig clothEmnae, Ériu viii 172.22 (rhet.). cloitherr, Leb. Gab.(i) 108.8 . athesc clothḟir, LL 20724 . cloithghein, BB 37b7 . clothgnima C., MR 150.23 . for Coin Culaind for clothmaccaem Croebruade, LL 12567 . os cach clothmaig, SR 7031 . Cloithnia, comharba Ailbhe, AFM ii 852.20 . macc do Chairind cloth-Níall `famed Niall', Ériu iv 92 § 6 . clothond oc buaid (.i. robo ail [i cath] he oc breith buada do cach no clothond .i. cloch cloithi), LU 922 ( ACC 77 ). do clothand chineoil Fheargna, Hard. ii 288.z (cloth (eadhon) clú, clothonn (eadhon) carrtha cliuthech). clothrī Insi finni Fáil, Rawl. 88b9 . Erc mac Cairpri clothrí Herend, LL 6435 . fri Conall clothriatha (1 ríad), LU 8908 ( FB 68 , rhet.). clothruire (of Christ), Blathm. 144 . clothruire Tuaighe Inbhir, AFM ii 572.2 . nirbat dergnat chormthigi / nir ḟacba do chlothuide your wonted way(?), LL p. 124 marg. sup.

(b) With adj. im Concobur clothamra, LU 8404 ( FB 28 ). hua Conaill Cuirc clothamri, ZCP viii 307.13 (rhet.). cáemṡenchas Carmuin chlothaird, LL 25124 . coemainech clothbán (sic leg.) (of Derdriu), IT i 70.2 ( LMU 5 ). Clothbeo ingen Conchobair, LL 373a1 . co clú clothbind `of sweet report', Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 55 . dagḟir Cruachna clothbuirre of swelling fame, LL 20331 . o ríg Cruachna clothchóir, 20548 . slóg na Crúachna clothchuirre `eminent in fame', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.60 . ós brúachaib Carmuin chlothmaith `well-famed', 12.134 . Blod mac C. meic Caiss clothmín, ii 54.8 .

(c) With adj. derived from noun. a Chūchulaind clothmīadach, TBC-I¹ 2380 (verse).

coimtig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimtig or dil.ie/10321

adj (see Plummer, Ériu ix 35 )

(a) frequent, usual, customary : coimdi[g] .i. minic nó gnathach, ut est Ní coimdi[g] tin mo t-samla, O'Dav. 581 . is coimdig linn inso gl. quod dicimus, Sg. 198a6 . 54b8 . 90a6 . nad mbi coimdich laiech . . . duna be etc. it is unusual to find a lay person etc., Ériu xix 60 § 8 . ní comtig a comamre, Imr. Brain 10 . gach maith . . . [etir ?] cuimtig ┐ eccuimdig, etir gnath ┐ ingnath, IT i 137. 27 . is comtig fothrucud inti (a pool), Fraech 183 . bid comdid . . . an c[h]eall frequented, BColm. 80.30 .

(b) likely, probable : nad ch.¤ linnai, Ml. 131c3 (`customary'). is comtig conna fuaratar etc. (derb, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 631 . in tṡechta Fergusa ni bu comthig la nech n-aile (superhuman attributes), Ériu iv 26.8 . ni combtig co mbadh eol daib you would hardly know, CCath. 5082 . niruó coimdich coro chin etc., Hugh Roe² 162.24 . Legal: fo aicned coimded no eccoimded (of places where objects have been found), Laws iii 320.19 Comm. mad eccoimded: mad coimded `unlikely place . . . likely place', v 320.12 , see s. éccoimtig. Cf. coimded ?

(c) proper, fitting, suitable, appropriate : dál as chomtig fri dáma, Hy. v 14 ( Thes. ii 329 ). cethri catha coimtide, SR 4762 . cinnas . . . nachar chomtig dun díb línaib comrichtain ?, LU 10316 . erred fir cluas (chlous, v.l.) catha / ni comtig cen ildatha should have, ZCP iii 214.12 . do ni na badh coimdigh `passend', TBC-LL¹ 2231 (nar choir, v.l.). m'a cuit coimtidh chomadais, BB 257b19 . ni comtig lium in delb rig ata orm, Fen. 118.10 . co rob si digail bud comdid ind, RC xxiv 280 § 18 . narb imaircidhe ┐ nar cumdid, YBL 180b3 .

Compar. is coimddigiu neutur and gl. frequentior, Sg. 92b2 . 127b2 .

1 cor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cor or dil.ie/12406
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cur, car, cora, cura, cara, -uir, cora

n o, m. Later also cur, car, cora, cura, cara. Vn. of fo-ceird. c.¤ car (an tsíl ┐ na bḟíach ┐ na sligheadh ┐ fuaras . . . ┐ atá orum) . . . c.¤ (an eich . . . car an eich .l.) g s. -uir, m., IGT Decl. § 69 . cur (an tsíl) g s. cora m., § 70 . cura cora cara (an tṡíl) m., § 2 . Verbs § 58 . c.¤ a curvo , O'Mulc. 369 . in c.¤ , 499 . fuirmeal .i. cur, O'Cl.

1 act of putting, placing; setting up, etc. in a wide variety of contexts: mórfessiur . . . oc c.¤ cacha h-óenslaite (of building a house), LU 8059 ( FB 2 ). áes feig . . . do ch.¤ i n-óenfecht dia saichthin to send, 6145 (TBC). gan Aenach C. do c[h]ur not to hold, Ériu xviii 62 § 20 . ? ar c.¤ bissexa, LL 17463 . a chur ind `it shall be forfeited', Laws i 160.15 Comm. bid teora bliadna os úir gen a cur (of transplanting trees), Marco P. 165 . gan cur ná treabhadh soisgéoil planting, Mac Aingil 5005 . ? ac cur na sáraighthedh dictating the cases of s., O'Gr. Cat. 120.2 . clú M. ar c.¤ a caemna `has established her protection', Studies 1920, 419.12 . c.¤ eich spurring on a horse, Aithd. D. 77.27 . gan inghean . . . ré cur síoda ná gréis `wearing silk or embroidery', Keat. ii 2770 . an fhuinneóg . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta = garnished with a strong grate of iron, RSClára 93b . ag cur chru `shoeing a horse', AFM iv 694.18 . ? sciath . . . do chur ber ┐ sleg ┐ saiget for . . . warding off(?), LL 24895 .

2 In figura etymologica: ní chuirfi c.¤ búada de `will not win thereby', Trip. 78.9 . noconfōicher c.¤ dia chind he won't stir his head, TBC-I¹ 706 (cf. ni lamad c.¤ de he dared not budge, LU 726 ). co rolád c.¤ isin dúnad take a turn round the camp, 154 (LU). asbér is c.¤ roda lláus immudu that I have simply lost it, TBFr. 168 . ba he met rolad c.¤ dia indtleacht na hingine such an impression was made on the girl's mind, ZCP xiii 262.20 . is níor fhéad c.¤ do chur dhi could not stir it, DDána 102.25 . Note further: do ghrádh ód thriath ná till ch.¤ `turn not by a single point thy devotion away', Magauran 2362 .

3 act of throwing, casting : c.¤ .i. urchor, O'Cl. di ch.¤ cruinn da-cer dul issa mmuir `from casting (the) lot' (gl. de ligno sortis), Tur. 132 . c.¤ cloiche (a game), Celtica viii 149.21 . cur clach, Cóir Anm.² i 179 § 10 . cur liac putting the stone, RC ix 454.18 . c.¤ ṅdeiled, Ériu iv 30.10 . ag cur dhísle, Studies 1923, 599 § 15 . foscaigthe na crann do chur fó thuaid don gréin that the trees were casting shadows, CCath. 1581 . gan fhuil a chnis / do ch.¤ , Ériu xvi 134 § 53 . le car snechta, IGT Decl. ex. 246 . lé linn . . . na gceath soin do chur, Keat. ii 2287 . Hence of feats, etc.: oc cur in rothclessa performing , LU 8844 . ag c.¤ iomána, RC xxix 116 § 13 . Note also: le cur claidem by plying the sword. Hy Fiach. 190.z . Of sounds: c.¤ ndelma, Ériu xvi 82.34 . a ngair ag a cur uttering cries, RC xiii 7.7 . Freq. of battles, slaughters, etc.: robu coscrach dia chur / a gleten fri diäbul `he was victorious from fighting his battle', Blathm. 175 . dotháet c.¤ mo diberga de, LU 7067 = BDD² 658 (`plundering', Gloss.). gan cath do c[h]ur, Ériu xviii 62 § 23 . ar cur āir after inflicting slaughter, BColm. 90.19 . fer cora choscair, IGT Decl. ex. 729 . Note also: corrthuafail (= c.¤ thuaithbil ?) gaoithe whirlwind , Corp. Astron. 112.17 . gaotha corr-thuaithbhil, 160.24 .

4 act of letting go, discarding : grís chaomh ar car a smáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . ag car chnúais, ex. 594 . gach cnú chorr ag cur a bláoisce, KMMisc. 172.31 .

5 In a variety of idioms with prepp. (only a small selection can be given from a very wide range, especially where the later lang. is concerned): c.¤ lame ardodced getting involved in misfortune, Wb. 29b18 . car Mhoighe Aoí ar aitreabhadh renewing husbandry in Mag nAí, MS. Mat. 564.21 . c.¤ ar comrād fri canōin `intentness on (?) conversing with the canon', Ériu ii 65 § 11 . barr do chara ar an gceól gcrot, Studies 1919, 612 § 6 . dom char ort, DDána 90.12 `commending me to thee', Ir. Monthly 1920, 53 . ag cur mheic ar ḟer nÍ. imputing to, IGT Decl. ex. 1266 . cur chuca `interfere with them', TSh. 10169 . eolas gacha conaire no cingfitis do chur go crích doibh to lead them all the way wherever they went, BNnÉ 51 § 40 . ainm in míl-sin cen chur de (chev.; in full? precisely?), Metr. Dinds. iii 428.41 . cen a ch.¤ de, ZCP viii 268 § 44 . atá an chruinne dom chur (v.l.) dhí is discarding me, Dán Dé xxviii 24 . c.¤ gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.14 . ag cur do chum an bhaile do ghabhail attempting, AFM v 1846.1 . C. . . . do ch.¤ do cum báis, vi 2368.15 . xx tunda fina do cur fo tir were cast ashore, Ann. Conn. 1310.10 . ic a cur for dail mbicc treating it as a small matter, CCath. 5014 . dám thrír táncatar ille / dá cur ra (= fri) Find, LL 29302 `sich . . . zu gesellen', Festschr. Stokes 9 . cur ré tuicsin cumacht an Airdrig to attempt to understand, Ériu ii 146 § 165 . decair c.¤ ré draoidheacht ndéin contend with, Duan. F. i 40.21 . cur red chlú ní chúala adding to, competing with, the equal of(?), A. Ó Dálaigh iv 1 . With i n-agaid, see agad, aiged ar c.¤ hi far selbad-si `putting ourselves into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . is c.¤ anma [ ] i mod confuses the spirit, Ériu xx 196 § 21 . cara im cheann to oppose me, Dán Dé xix 20 . Cf. 1 cenn dia c.¤ i cóic dividing it into five, Ériu iv 154.6 . a chur a gcrích uile = the whole disposing thereof, Proverbs xvi 33 . cach dá chur sin a n-ingnad air everyone marvelling at that, BCC 85 . gan iad féin le chéile ag cur `that they pull not together', O'Gr. Cat. 408.10 . rígh is sochair lén doirbh cur whom it is difficult to oppose, Content. xiv 55 . gan c.¤ le gan laghdugadh without addition, ZCP ii 350.10 . c.¤ do sétche uáit putting away thy wife, Wb. 10a21 . iar n-a chur roimhe rí Alban do ghairm de féin proposing, Keat. i 206.70 . do ch.¤ súlae taris `to cast my eyes over it', Mon. Tall. 136.22 . in c.¤ tar cenn gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . 72b12 . 99d7 . huan ch.¤ dar cénn gl. auersione, 118a15 .

6 With follg. adv.: iar na chur amach . . . co `after it had been reported . . . that', AFM vi 2226.16 . ? Íosa 's a dhá asbal déag / deacroide cur re a gcoimhéad / brath 'n-a mbun ó thigh do tigh / cur a-mach ar an muinntir, Dán Dé xxi 22 . ? is ferr do neoch a ch.¤ ass to give up (of unrequited love), LU 3943 ( SCC 44 ). ni bhi ga chur as ach sibal an re there is nothing interfering with it, Ir. Astr. Tr. 102.10 . ar mhórán do reachtaibh . . . iar n-a gcur síos written down, Keat. ii 4739 . teampall chille R. do ch.¤ suas `was re-erected', AFM iii 590.16 . cur suas de Dhia to renounce, O'Rah. 295.16 . óna neithibh atá agam' ch.¤ timcheall = a circumdantibus me, TSh. 4264 .

Transferred meanings.

7 leap, twist; throw (in wrestling): ro lá c.¤ n-iach n-erred de i n-arda, MU² 952 , cf. 1 eó, eú . c.¤ fo laim [no prep] (of a horse), Laws iii 180.17 Comm. tuc léim láidir ┐ car, SG 26.28 . troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529 . c.¤ arrachta `a powerful throw', Stair Erc. 1136 . Cf. rolá in scrín . . . curu dí, Fél. 76.38 .

8 twist, coil : anncoir gorm fa choraibh do chábla, óir, MR 349.z . snas donn a cúil 'na caraib, Prolegomena 45 § 27 . c.¤ d'irbull in dragun a timcill an leogain, ZCP vi 61.16 . ro latraigseat curu imm na cathaib `umkreisten', Alex. 247 = ro lasat curudu, etc,. ZCP xxx 113 .

9 twist, detour, circuit in road, etc.: curu gl. giros, BCr. 18b2 . do bretha c.¤ n-imruill fothuaid ┐ fodess do na sluagaib were led astray, LL 7931 (TBC). ar doirthi na c.¤ `des Weges', ZCP xxx 136.10 (Alex.). téid c.¤ seach an gcathraigh neamhdha `takes a course past Heaven', Dán Dé xxxi 21 . c.¤ sligheadh, PBocht 3.25 . c.¤ fo chosán = cenn fa eite (punctuation mark in Ir. MSS.), O'Don. Gram. 434 . Fig. do choraibh trúagha an talmhan vicissitudes, IGT ex. 770 . biaid cur da findfam there is a way of finding out, MU² 879 . c.¤ .i. cuairt, O'Cl.

10 tune, melody : c.¤ .i. ceol, O'Cl. cass c.¤ cuirt[her] guth ín luin, IT iii 19 § 53 . do sinn slithi senma cuir ┐ puirt, Fianaig. 58.14 . lucht athlaimhe ar choraibh ceoil, DDána 17.19 . ag senm a ch.¤ (a bird), IGT Metr. Faults§ 61 . ? nōnbor āesa cerdd[a] ina sessam imbi oc cur na clīara, Corm. Y 141 = occantain (no ocur), Corm. 7 .

11 In phrases: in cursa this time, LL 7650 (TBC). na bris dúin cairptiu . . . meni bethe ar in t-ṡluagud-sa a ch.¤sa, 8211 `now', TBC-LL² 648 . den chursin `in that moment', Mon. Tall. 148.14 . don chur sa, LU 6303 . dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . cedna cur, AFM ii 800.2 . ar ch.¤ éigin = aliquo modo, Rial. S.F. 1691 . ar éunch. at all (after neg. vb.), Parrth. Anma 2448 . gan a deunamh ar ch.¤ ar bith, Rule of Tallaght 27 . ar aonch.¤ ar bith, Párl. na mB. 308 . ar chor oile = aliter, TSh. 6482 . ar an uile ch.¤ in every way, A. Ó Dálaigh l 2 . ar dhá ch.¤ `for two reasons', PBocht 13.21 . ar gach c.¤ in every way, Measgra D. 70.15 . as gach cur, Anecd. ii 62 . ar an gc.¤-sain thus, Dán Dé xviii 19 . ar an gc.¤-sa, O'Hara 1413 . ar an gc.¤ gcéadna, PBocht 13.19 . ar an cc.¤ ad-chluinti `in the way you have heard', O'Hara 3098 . Cf. is é c.¤ ar a ráinig ríoghacht Éireann C. this is how, etc., Keat. ii 3701 . imon c.¤ cedna, Ériu viii 36.25 . c.¤ fri c.¤ together (?), ZCP v 487 § 15 . c.¤ nach ffiorfa an fháisdini `so that he shall not bring the forecast true', Duan. F. ii 56.31 . ar ch.¤ nach feas dó, TSh. 740 . In phr. ar chur in the power of, at the mercy of, at the disposal of: coíca laech ara chur, Metr. Dinds. iv 320.1 . ar mo ch.¤ , Content. xiv 53 . ar chur ┐ fa smacht Easpuig na Rómha, Keat. iii 11 . Hence in Keat. c.¤ ar power over: cur ┐ cumas aige . . . ar an eagluis (Peter), Eochairsg. 6.37 . cur ag an mbás ar na seacht ndrongaibh úd, TSh. 7893 .

Legal.

12 contract . `Irish equivalent of the stipulatio of Roman law, the solemn verbal contract', Críth G. p. 81 . Freq. c.¤ bél (where bél simply limits the general meaning of cor act of putting; not properly verbal as oppd. to written contract , which does not occur in early Irish law, Thurn. ZCP xv 307 - 8 ). Later in more general sense of bond, bargain, agreement, guarantee, undertaking , etc.: c.¤ bēl, Cóic Con. 71.15 . cuir ┐ cundartha, 20.10 . for curu bél, Críth G. 279 . cur (d s.) ┐ chairddiu, 373 . cintaib cuir (coir, MSS.) `to liabilities arising from contract', 339 . ni c.¤ c.¤ for nemthe. for eglais. for fhlaith. for éigsi, Ériu xiii 23.26 . cair cis lir chuir dochuisin? Nin. A do; sochar, ┐ docor, Laws iii 4.5 . acht na cuic curu ata taithmechta la feine, i 50.y . tellach tar curu bel `entry notwithstanding verbal agreement`, v 210.2 . raith fuasluictar coraib `a surety who is freed from contracts', 340.18 . fiadnaisi .i. fiadæ ro nass in c.¤ , O'Mulc. 499 . dentar lib iarṁbes cech cuir/ . . . / edpart matinda, SR 4401 . o roscarsatar ar cuir since our bargain no longer holds (?), 1725 . in c.¤ amra ronenaisc .i. comruc re hēnfer, TBC-I¹ 1185 . c.¤ . . . ┐ faesam rīg Hērenn . . . fair-sium protection (?), Fing. R. 939 . fā choraibh ag cliaraibh, O'R. Poems 2036 `under bonds', Gloss. ná táeb ré c.¤ Conaillech, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . liom gé madh maith an c.¤ chuinghim request , Measgra D. 61.103 . gurab uime do rinde se cuir re lucht na cathrach covenant, ZCP xi 140.12 . aitherrach cuir do ch.¤ don choróin `to transfer the crown', AFM vi 2258.13 . c.¤ nō oibliogāid riagla . . . S. Clára = the obligation of the Rvle, RSClára 145b . Of marriage-contract : issé dorigne curu a mathar fria athair, BColm. 6 § 7 . tucusa c.¤ ┐ coibchi duit amal as dech teít di mnaí, LL 7589 (TBC). maith risin mnáoi si amuigh / amhuil mur snadhmar a cuir, KMMisc. 346.19 .

13 Later in sense surety, guarantor (cf. aitire, naidm(m), 1 ráth): caide c.¤? tricha fear; caide arrae cuir? coic fir déc, O'Curry 347 ( H 3.18, 191 -2). c.¤ .i. urraidh téid an urradhas, O'Cl. it cora a fine fadeisin forra, Laws v 128.18 . fiacha do thobairt a laim an cuir, O'Curry 299 ( H 3.18, 165 ). cata cuir condaigi? . . . Na trí gillai etc., MU² 72 . Rauphel lium doráith / os cind cecha cuir, KMMisc. 255.1 . cuir ┐ rátha, Duan. F. iii 246 . ná (leg. na?) cuirsi do dheimnigh dún / na cuisne eighridh d'ḟadúdh, IGT Decl. ex. 368 . Note also: coro greis in t-ōclach na curu i cenn in rig .i. muir ┐ gaeth ┐ grian ┐ eoitheoir ┐ firmaimint, Dinds. 81 ( RC xvi 32 ). Less explicitly: tecait cura daingne dó, Metr. Dinds. iii 178.153 . ni epér . . . co m-bet cuir dam fria `pledges', MacCongl. 23.1 . neart ar do choraibh ┐ ar do shlāntaibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 996 . In follg. late exx. the pl. form prob. means guarantee(s), undertaking, term(s): ro naidhmsiot a ccura . . . amhlaidh sin, AFM vi 2172.2 . gur ro naidhm a cura fris `league', iii 126.13 . tugadar cuir ┐ slána do Mhogh N., ML 8.12 . ro naidhmset a ccura friss `they . . . fixed terms with him', Hugh Roe² 132.13 .

In later lang. in various transferred and Fig. meanings.

14 Attrib. g s. cuir. Precise meaning unknown. See TD 1.6 note. go Cruachain cuir, Fen. 182.20 . C. P. na g-call g-cuir, Hy Fiach. 46.10 . Of trees etc. (us. transl. planted): a lubhghort cuir, SGS iv 66 § 29 . an dá chraoibh chuir `those two firm planted branches', Magauran 2064 . Of buildings: teaghdhais chumhang na gcloch gcuir `piled stones', PBocht 27.19 . sluagh na síodh ccorrbhroghach ccuir `strong round-terraced elf-mounds', O'Hara 3329 . asin cloich cuir (in wall), LB 157a63 . Note further: fear . . . go gcuirnín cuir, Hackett xliv 48 . ón chliabhán chuir, Duan. F. ii 62.y . in treas cleitin cuir `casting javelin', 24.17 . for cai cuir `upon the road of a circuit' (of poets), Auraic. 2221 . ? cá bhfuil fós caomhnuime gcuir (not transl.), Content. xxviii 62 (see cunnuimne). a haon trí céd cadla cuir, AFM i 562.1 .

15 act of overthrowing, defeating; defeat, reverse : a ch.¤ do Bh. `he has been outdone by B.', Magauran 225 . tearc flaitheas nach fuighe c.¤ `few kingdoms escape unshaken', Ir. Review 1912, 376 § 6 . fuair T. c.¤ `reverse', Content. v 101 . ? don tsaoghal so an chuir, Párl. na mB. 2179 .

16 state, condition, plight : dia do ch.¤ `awful calamity', PBocht 1.19 . c.¤ an phobuil, DDána 35.9 . an c.¤ do-chiam fúthaibh, 26.2 . cruth cen chēill, dōiriu cach c.¤, is neime i n-ōrlestar worse than anything, ZCP vi 267 § 2 . trúagh c.¤ chloinne Hādhuimh, ii 583.16 .

17 act of tiring; tiredness, fatigue (late; always cur): on brig arna cur = a virtute defatigata, Rosa Angl. 272.19 . a h-aitli tsaetair no cuir, RC xlix 5 § 2 . daóine do chur to weary men, Isaiah vii 13 . ? cen séis, cen cur, cen cumsanad, Laud 610, 25d (Plummer MS notes). ? bean is clann gá cur, IGT Decl. ex. 1117 .

18 V. freq. in later lang. in adv. phr. car(a) (seldom c.¤) in cháemlaí (-laithi) all day long, the livelong day : car an chaomhlaithi, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . car gach aon laithe, Fl. Earls 142.32 . car an chaoimhlaoi, A. Ó Dálaigh l (50) 34 . cara(?) in caomh-laī, Feis Tighe Chonáin 379 . c.¤ an caomlaoi, Grail 2759 . Also: car an chargais during the whole of Lent, BNnÉ 149.38 . c.¤ ind erraigh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 77.34 . car an ḟaghamhair, IGT Decl. ex. 950 . car an geamraidh, ex. 339 .

19 Meaning doubtful or obscure: is blicht la mnāi cur ar is donaite cach tua[th]bel, O'Mulc. 754 . dia coraib, Anecd. i 6.4 ( SCano 156 `agitations?' Gloss.). ba ard cīsel choscair chain / Cormac co n-āni a chuir, ZCP xi 109 § 21 . in mbuithib (leg. inb-) cor a saithe `at the time of the departure of his own swarm', Laws iv 190.13 . fear saor is a bhladh dá bhrath / dá char gion gur caomh a dhreach, DDána 91.6 (to 16?). thainig [siad] do'n chur to the place(?), Oss. vi 62 . ocus tuille: car beg da derbad inntaithmech in focail is aireacht the analysis of the word a. gives some additional proof(?), O'Curry 2272 ( Eg. 88, 20 (21)c ). trí fichid . . . gan ch.¤ and no more(?), Keat. Poems 1185 .

20 Compds. ? measam cundrada carlínad `the worst bargain is fulfilling a contract', ZCP xvii 69 § 7 ( ACL iii 230.153 ). crithre corphort sparkling melodies, Studies 1923, 598 § 11 . ? ba rechtaid críche / corsir `long enduring in contract', Celtica vi 234.y ( coirsear, Laws iv 16.22 ) = corsir .i. focard gulla .i. clocha, a cennaib a aile siu ┐ tall iar ngabail a tirí, O'Curry 849 ( H 3.18, 385b ). conclanna . . . corshnadmanacha (in wrestling), MR 254.26 . See abratchor, 1 gúala, tenchor.

derg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derg or dil.ie/15626
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: derc, derg, deirg, derg, d.

adj o, ā.

(a) Of colour, red, ruddy (used of colour of blood, flame; also of orange or tawny hue as of ale, gold, etc.): d.¤ gl. luteus, Sg. 49a3 , gl. lutea, 7 . derc gl. rufus, 37a5 . flann gach nd.¤ , ZCP ix 167.z . tene d.¤ , SR 8294 . dobiur lim cóer ndeirg do ibur, Ériu iv 134.4 . folt d.¤ lais, LB 181a11 . fil lenid ndeirg . . . immi, TBC-I¹ 61 . braena fola derge, Todd Nenn. 206.7 . suile derga eyes red with weeping, PH 584 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh viii 10 : bríogh a guidhe 's a déar ndearg `her blood-red tears' (= ardent ). Of animals: ech d.¤ , LU 8630 ( FB 47 ). hirricht bó deirgi, Ériu iii 141.2 . guth gadhair dheirg, Duan. F. i 83.28 . mor ndamh ndearg (of stags), ib. mucca derga, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.14 . Of liquors: lind d.¤ .i. flaith d.¤ red ale, Thes. ii 337 ( Hy. v 38Comm.). um chomhól ndeoch ndearg, TD 20.55 . Cf. derglaith. Of gold: di or d.¤ , SR 529 . dind ór d.¤ , 4150 . d'ór dhearg, TD 17.36 . Of earth or clay turned up, dug up: reilge derga (portent of the end of the world), ZCP viii 196 § 18 . do-chífe dearg druim tar ais | . . . | gach leath dot ghormfhaithche ghloin, | ó chomhghraifne each, Studies 1922, 411 § 11 . Cf. don taobh thiar thuaidh d'Eirinn dheirg, Atlantis iv 122.z . do cherdaib in domnáin deirg `the vile rude world's estates', SG 51.y . Hence of persons, of ruddy complexion or red-haired: oclach . . . d.¤ = iuvenis rubicundus, PH 7030 . ben d.¤ cona dib braaib dercaib, IT ii2 242.17 . red ghnúis ndeirg, TD 3.19 . Equative: deirgither losa liac, TTebe 479 . dergithir re corcair, Acall. 6636 v.l. brecdergithir síon spotted with crimson like a foxglove, BDD § 97 . Compar. nir bo dírga grís inna ind aiged (sic leg.), IT iii 298 § 34 (Cóir Anm.). As subst.: scripthar int psailm tria dub ┐ in tituil tria derg in red (ink or pigment), Hib. Min. 244 . derg g s. deirg, d s. derg, IGT Decl. § 15 . dearg a grúaidh the red of his cheek, ex. 1240 .

(b) Transf. red with blood; bloody, sanguinary: imatuarcat doib combo d.¤ cach dib di arailiu till each was red with the other's blood, YBL 118b17 . fuidel fir deircc di duinib of one red with (the blood of) men, Ériu vii 150 § 17 . atre in rí . . . cona chroich deirg . . . fria aiss, SR 8269 . red-handed (i.e. a shedder of blood): náma ┐ esgcara láime deirge do, SG 268.33 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia God looks upon me as His foe, Dán Dé ii 30 . claidebderg red-sworded , Metr. Dinds. iii 340.38 . Of a criminal: dul dá guin eisi (i.e. asin chill) no taidhecht d.¤ indti red-handed , O'Curry 985 ( H 3.18 424b ). Hence of meat bleeding, raw, fleshy (as oppd. to fat): d.¤ cach n-om, Laws v 432.2 Comm. dergcarna ┐ saill, ii 202.19 . da mer dia d.¤ `two fingers in the lean of it', 254.11 .

(c) red-hot, incandescent: iarnn d.¤ = candens ferrum, Lat. Lives 96.1 . cloch d.¤ a ndabhaigh fhuair, 3 C 12, 6.13 . lecca derca fo chossaib (of hell), RC iv 252 . co slabradu derga . . . tentigi, PH 8309 .

(d) In fig. sense, full-blooded, flushed with pride, overbearing (?): fri dīmmus nd.¤ ndocht (one of the capital sins), ZCP vi 271.11 . derg . . . cach n-indligthech, Laws i 54.2 Comm. , v 432.2 Comm.

As subst. o . d.¤ , m., IGT Decl. § 15 . don d.¤ redness , ex. 701 . gan crecht . . . gan d.¤ wound , TBC-LL¹ p. 387 n. 5 . math glas nō d.¤ 'if it be a bruise or an abrasion' Cáin Ad. 28 § 44 , Ériu lii 127 (Di Ércib Fola) . In phr. derg dásachtach a blood vessel located in the head: bídh a fis agad co fuil inadh (sic) ann nach dlegar do crechad mar atáit .. dergdásachtach ocus ruadhrasach ocus gach uile a mbí gluasacht ocus bualad in pulsa know that there are places which may not be cauterised such as the derg dásachtach and the rúad rasach and everywhere in which there is movement and a beating pulse​, O'Gr. Cat. 269.11 . derg dasachtach ┐ rúadh fhrasach, Ériu lxiv 6 n. 22 ( G11 289b28 ). cidh fodera duine do thērnamh ōn derg dāsachtaigh dā letarthar eidir ūainibh an cinn, et duine ele gan tērnamh? 'why does one person recover from the derg dásachtach if it [he?] is wounded between the sutures of the head, while another person does not recover?', Ériu lxiv 7 ( 72.1.2 fo. 59v7 ). in derg dāsachtach, Ériu lxiv 10 ( 72.1.2 fo. 62v14 ). muna baca an derg dāsachtach no cuislí ele 'if the derg dásachtach or another vein does not prevent it', Ériu lxiv 11 ( E 4.1 120b28 )​​​​.

pn In names: na trí Deirg do thig Deirg, BDD² 296 . in Derg Drúchtach, name of Colum Cille's curach , Reeves Ad. 274.13 . forsin Deirg Drúchtaig `the Dewy Red' (of Conall Cernach's horse), RC iii 183.30 . dofeccai secha a gabuir .i. in Deirg ṅdruchtaig, 184.30 .

Compds.

(a) Of colour, in sense (a) above. With adjs. ¤aigthech red-faced : ba derrscaithec (deargaighteach, v.l.) a delb, Cóir Anm.² i 95 § 72 . ¤buide reddish yellow: taraill a lám leiss in gipni ndergbudi, TBC-I¹ 1879 . ¤chorcra crimson: dí gáe d., Ériu iv 102 § 43 . ¤domal dark red: alaile dath cruanda ┐ alaile dergdomla, ZCP xxx 124.3 . ¤lethan broad and red: claideb . . . d.¤ , TBC-I¹ 2341 . ¤ruad: dairedha dergruadha do slegaib ` rud-red ', CCath. 5345 . dragún dearg-ruadh, TSh. 7856 . With adjs. derived from subst.: ¤dathach red-hued: Lomna druth d., LL 48b18 . ¤órda: drochte . . . dergórdai, SR 476 . cosna delbaib dergórdaib, 4360 .

With subst.: ¤ainech red-face (as sobriquet): Maeldúin d., Rawl. 144g42 . ¤chodal red (i.e. tanned) hide: curach nua co ndergchodail, RC x 84.5 . ¤derc: scéo mnáib dergdercaib with eyes red (from weeping), ZCP iii 256.15 . ¤ibar red yew: cét ndabach ṅdergibair, LL 51a22 . ¤lasad: luinech . . . 'na láim ar derglassad glittering like a red flame, LL 120a44 . a dhá shúil ar d. ina chenn, SG 295.14 . ¤lasair red flame: g s. doigh derglasrach, ZCP viii 212 § 60 . ¤loscad: ag dearg-losgadh, TSh. 6627 . ¤ór (see Études Celt. iv 314 ) purified gold (by a de-silvering process) ZCP xxxviii 246-47 n. 13 , Medieval Archaeology xlviii 37 : rond derc-óir, LU 3273 ( SCC § 7 ). ¤rót: a threabh . . . na ndearg-ród red clay roads , Ir. Monthly 1919, 456 § 8 ( DDána 97 ). ¤scé red hawthorn: imar cráibred ndergscíach, TBC-I¹ 1953 = ṅdercscíath, TBC-LL¹ 2617 . ¤theine: i carput dergthened, SR 7136 . ¤thes: d. fola, Ériu ii 102 § 12 . ¤uma red bronze, copper: scieth . . . co mbocoidibh derccuma, TBC-LL¹ 5477 .

(b) In sense (b) above. ¤ár bloody slaughter , SR 5648 . LL 375b27 . ¤béim a blow that draws blood, Laws iv 364.22 ; 'a blow that inflicts bruising or swelling or loss of skin' Ériu lii 125 (Di Ércib Fola) . ¤ḟine family group that has been guilty of `fingal', O'Don. Suppl. derggfine issede cruess, Laws iv 284.10 . deirgfine .i. indiḟíní fíngalach, 286.10 Comm. ? ¤ḟochor: dergfochuru do tuit i ndilsi, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18 394b ). ¤martra red martyrdom (involving death): dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.31 (Cambr. Hom.). irlam fri dergmartrai, ZCP iii 29 § 9 . Bloody death, slaughter (in general): ilar nderggmartra dogni (of Cú Chulaind), ZCP ix 122.y . derccmartra ┐ dortadh fola, AFM vi 2178.5 . ¤ruathar a bloody onset: dergruathur, TBC-LL¹ 4344 .

(c) As a mere intensive. ¤lomnocht stark naked , TBC-LL¹ 4253 . TSh. 3674 . ¤maith, LL 128b34 . ¤náma a bitter foe: iar ṁbádud a ndergnámat, SR 4036 . do dergnamait, 6368 . amail dergnamait, CCath. 5164 . ¤náimdenas fierce enmity: dobudh créachta gan dúnadh a ndeargnaimhdeanas, ML 30.2 . ¤thruag: rotoccbadh an cenn . . . ina scath dhearccthruagh do Ghaoidhealaibh `a spectacle of intense pity', AFM 1172 (iii 4.6) .

Cf. further: dergfilliud erred náir, LU 9290 and : dergindledhaidh errid nair, BB 248a16 (both names of one of Cú Chulaind's feats). ¤mír `red morsel'. Apparently technical name for property illegally acquired. See Laws v 430 - 4 . amail deirgmir, 434.10 Comm. cach manach . . . dosli disli do eclais a aicsi lee samlaid manup dergmir, O'Curry 871 ( H 3.18 , 391b ). deirgmireanda, Laws v 430.22 ( .i. mirenda omha indligthecha, 432.1 Comm. ).

didiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. didiu or dil.ie/16223

Forms: diṡuidiu, didiu, didu, didhu, dídu, diu, dī, din, dino, diu, dino, dano, d(h)e, Didiu, dī, dō

particle of transition = diṡuidiu (which is used for it FB § 6 ), see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 189 . Written in full, didiu: Wb. 1a9 ; 4a27 , c23 , d27 ; 8a4 ; 11b17a ; 15d20 ; 32c13 . didu: Wb. 8a5 . Hib. Min. 356 , 418 . LL 202a18 (: ¤ligu). BB 397a33 . IT iii 67.3 . didhu, BB 16b20 ; 355b30 = Metr. Dinds. ii 32 (: firu). dídu, SR 1224 . LL 102b38 (= TBC-LL¹ 6019 ). diu: TBC-I¹ 3564 . Hib. Min. 134 , 227 , etc. (reading of Harl.). Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 12 . Corm. Y 1154 . RC xii 74.3 , 8 . Anecd. iv p. xii . BS § 3 . In Ml. and later MSS. however nearly always contracted dī and by earlier editors generally expanded as din (so always in PH) or dino (through confusion with dano), or somet. diu (SG); dni, AFM v 1552 . Expanded as dino in TBC-I¹ 422 , 428 , 434 , 462 , 469 , 472 , etc., where LU reads dano. Later also apparently d(h)e, see Ériu x 155 .

Didiu never begins a sentence. It always has reference to something preceding. Exceptions are only apparent, e.g. Corm. Y 1053 (where puincern has been introduced in the preceding article) and 568 (cf. 519 ). It generally follows a more or less emphatic word, often a noun or pron., but occasionally comes after ocus or nó at beginning of clause (esp. in PH); no dī may however = nō dō (= dano, q.v.).

(a) In logical sequence therefore, hence = Lat. ergo: nitat torbi . . . is diliu lemm didiu aní as torbæ, Wb. 11b17a , 4c24 . d27 , 8a4 , 15d20 . is mōir sléb[e] fírinne Dæ: cid ara fodmaisiu, a Dúaid, didiu a ndu imnedaib fodaimi? `why then dost thou suffer . . .?', Ml. 55d11 . biror .i. bir tibra . . . or .i. mong; biror didiu mong tiprat, Corm. Y 121 . Corbmac .i. corb .i. carpat. Cormbmac didiu mac carpait, 204 , cf. 519 , 851 , 875 , etc. do suidhiu ind erred isin charput as nomen a fochlæ . . . Fochla didiu cach suidiu n-a[i]rechda hence `fochla' means any exalted seat, 698 . cech fia[d?] . . . acht oenchrann ata dídu for riaguil every food therefore but one tree is under (our) control, SR 1224 . ba miscais lasin righain inti N., ar is dara ceand dorinde in rí fri Cairind he. Ba mor didu dochraidi Chairinde oc in rigain therefore C. was very harshly treated by the queen, RC xxiv 190 . omnia ergo quaecunque vultis, cech maith din is ail lib, PH 5772 . Hence freq. in drawing a conclusion or moral: conid aire sin didiu napo chóir do neoch uabur . . . do denam, LL 279a33 . connach cóir d.¤ lenmain do sholud nó shénairecht, 281b29 . conid ferr do neoch d.¤ a edprait don Chomdid andás dona dóinib, 286b40 (all concluding sentences of tales).

(b) Referring to someth. preceding, introducing an explanation or additional detail (freq. after a noun): rún inna cruche . . . Crúx didu ainm do gním in chrochtho, Wb. 8a5 . mali bare gare . . . Maile didiu .i. olc, Corm. Y 698 (p. 59) , cf. 604 , 860 . bói máthair mac Conaire la Neimed . . . In Nemed hé sin didiu bá ríg-briuga side now this N. was a hosteller, LL 292b1 ( Ériu vi 147 ). tanic aroli fer . . . Marcellus din ainm in fhir sin, PH 950 , cf. 2177 , 3114 , 3342 . is dó ranic inar Ísu . . . corccra d.¤ dath an inair sin, 2861 . Often nearly = for , Lat. enim: cruimther .i. goidelg indi as prespiter. Premther d.¤ a combrec sidie, Corm. Y 211 . Cathal nomen Britonis .i. combrec inn sin .i. catell. Cat d.¤ isin chombreic is cath in scotica Cathal is the Welsh name Catell; for cat in Welsh corresponds to cath in Irish, 206 , cf. 124 .

(c) As a particle of transition in looser signification: bói rí amra . . . Dagan a ainm. Ba mór d.¤ a chumachta, LL 245b43 . is amlaid doraiga intí Ísu Crist . . . Bid mór d.¤ a slóg . . . Is ar bēlaib int ṡluaig-sin d.¤ do aspenfa cách a gnímu, 280b26 - 27 . Common in sequences (often alternating with tra and other particles) = also, moreover, further: is andsin tancadar ina ferchuidreda . . . Is ann d.¤ sin thānic ind nōi carpait di ḟéindidib, TBC-I¹ 3536 . mōr do chētaib . . . mōr do churadaib . . . mōr do buidnib d.¤ robātar oca, 3408 . almsu dia anmain cetus . . . almsu din dia churp, PH 5977 . Ram a ainm ria tusmed chlainde do Abram imorra a ainm iar tusmed . . . Abraham din a ainm in tan dochuaid fo recht n-imdibe, 5684 , cf. 2267 follg., 6233-49 . rucsat bentachtain les on aide ┐ rofacsat bennachtain aice didiu, RC xxxv 204.20 . After ocus: ni bia fortamlus a namut fair . . . ┐ din nisbia tedmunna i n-a ḟlathius, PH 4284 . diar fhulang ┐ diar lessugud fodéin . . . ┐ din do shásad bocht, 6121 . ocus din fáth aile, 5473 ; 5187 . After nó: dia mbé do náma i ngorta . . . nó din dia mbé a n-ittaid, 6043 . doforne sin .i. na tri hetargna . . . no din na trí dána, 7082 . demin leo co mbad comthoitim dóib nó d.¤ inní robíad de co mbad hé a tigerna fén dofáethsad ann, TBC-I¹ 2433 . cia conualaind-se mo charpat ┐ Oen ara Conaill d.¤ ina charput and O. in his chariot as well, 3525 . docer la M. dā fer dēac dīibsom ┐ dā fer dēac dia muinter-som d.¤ , 2904 . adcomaing cach fer dīb biur n-indam-sa, adcomchusa a mbiur-sa tria cechtar de -seom d.¤ , 2826 . nicon bia a mbethaid, or seiside. Nicon bia-so d.¤ it bethaid, ol C. then you will not live either, 2771 . ni maith dait, or C., na leigi da marbad . . . Ni maith doibsom d.¤ epert ind uilc frimsa, 2780 . nir lam [Cairend] in mac do gabail cuici . . . ┐ nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a breth leis, RC xxiv 190 . In adversative sense, however: dolēicsed dūnad iarsin do M. ┐ ní gegain-side d.¤ nech dībsom, TBC-I¹ 2906 . dorad seirc dia leasmac .i. do Chorc; ro op d.¤ Corc a coimlebaid, Lec. 454c15 . Muineamon mac Cais . . . Is de sin aderar Muineamon .i. main for muinclaib. Maine Mór d.¤ robe a cétainm, Cóir Anm. 10 . Confirming a foregoing statement: dóig lim rombad hē Cethern mac Fintain; ┐ ba fīr sōn d.¤ and this was indeed the case, TBC-LL¹ 2761 . doringelt Cūrūi dōsom nād bīad . . . Dognith d.¤ and he kept his word too, 2967 . bid les . . . in forlāmus ┐ rīgi nĒrenn ōn uair-se amach. Ba fīr ón didu it turned out true too, RC xxiv 202 . an fil ceithern acut? Atát diu I have (indeed), SG 62 . tabraid cáirde na haidche anocht damsa! Dobéram diu, 56 . Common in statement, question, or command to connect with something already expressed or implied: Mait[h] didiu, a Bélchú well now, B., Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . airg d.¤, ol M., conris Síth Lethet go then, Imr. Brain i 53 . cid dia tutchad diu? why then hast thou come? RC xii 74 . cest diu, caidhe mo airrle-si l(u)at? ib.

(d) Often used to denote temporal sequence, then, thereupon: is iarum foruirmed mind nAileillo forsin coirthi. Fōbair-som d.¤ in coirthi, TBC-I¹ 2883 . is iarum conmelt foroib . . . Focheird d.¤ a sciath ina diaid . . . Roiadh in slōg imbi-som iarum, conmelt som d.¤ foraib, 2889 , 2891 . gabaid L. ríge nhErenn . . . Gabaid ríge nAlban iarsin . . . Gabaid d.¤ L. ríge Gall, LL 311b1 ff. rofoildsic Dia dosam sin . . . condubairt sa rann-so d.¤ , RC xxxiii 354 . etha ó hAilill co Ferchess . . . Fóidis d.¤ Ferchis, Fianaig. 38 . fri re Aeda genfius Tibraiti . . . Et cid bīas and d.¤ (iarsin, v.l.)? ol B. and what will follow? ZCP ix 457 .

dímicen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dímicen or dil.ie/16538

Forms: dímicem, dímicin, dimiciu, dimice, dimicin

n ā, f. Later form of O.Ir. dímicem. n s. usually dímicin. Also dimiciu, LL 223b48 . dimice, 229a12 . g s. dimicin, BB 416a16 , 495b2 .

Condemning, despising (with obj. gen. or prep.); insult: dimhiccin .i. tár no tarcaisne, O'Cl. dimicen inimicorum gl. despectus, Ml. 129a1 . ba d.¤ mór leo Fergus dia tabairt hi tindscra they deemed it a great insult that F. had given them, LL 106a46 ( Ériu iv 24 ). ba dímice mor la D. a fácbáil, 229a12 . is dúib is mebul in dímiciu rafhuirmed forom-sa, 223b48 . dethbir dímicin do na hindmassaib talmandaib, PH 5878 . in dimegin tucais doib gan nech dib do thogha duit, Aen. 698 . dimhigin for eccnoi, ZCP ix 168 . doradadh dimiccin ┐ tarcaisne dosidhe, AFM vi 1972 . din dímicin ra-immir L. fair, LL 222a36 . do dímicin a smachta ┐ a rechta, LB 144a17 . ac dimhicin Molaisi belittling M., SG 31 . doberam dímicin do, PH 2030 . innisidh . . . in dīmicin ┐ in dīmhīagh tachmhaircc tucadh . . . fair, ZCP xiii 169.30 . dorat dímhicin for na techta, Marco P. 30 . dorad sár ┐ dimiccin don chrois, AFM v 1466 . lasan dimhigin . . . doronsat do Ghaoidhealaibh, Hugh Roe 76 . fo dhimiach ┐ fo dhimigin, MS. Mat. 551 . cen digu cen dimicin (chev.), Lec. 78b15 . cen dimicein (: sen), 45b22 . fobithin na dimicni doratais for firbald Crist, Mon. Tall. § 66 (= dimmicne, Ériu ii 222 ). i ndioghail dímiccne Findén, AFM ii 1116 . in bem dimecin dorat L. fair, BB 416a16 . adrith (no rogab) A. erred amra ndimicin alaile miled imbi, 495b2 = erriud ndíndim mean, shabby, Alex. 765 .

doilig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doilig or dil.ie/17839
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: duilig, doilid, doilgi, duilgium, doiligh

adj also duilig, doilid. See under suilig.

(a) hard (to do), difficult, troublesome: cach ceist duilig, LL 221a47 ( TTr. 308 ). cath dolig dibergach, Cog. 178 . cless doilig, Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . mór léim ndoiligh rolinges, BS 62 . i ndeabhthaibh duilghe, AFM v 1694 . is dolig a fiss, FA § 12 . is doilig a n-imfulang, Laws v 312.7 Comm. ba dulig cor ristí (leg. risintí) robói and it was hard to cope with, CRR § 55 . Compar. is glicu ┐ is dolgiu, TBC-I² 11 note a . is andsa .i. is doilgi , Laws i 252.16 Comm. anscuiche .i. is doilgiti a scuchad, iii 12.19 . doilgi ná gach gleó dibhsin comhrac in laich, MR 312 . Superl. (for compar.): in fail . . . comlonnaid a aesa is duilgium andásum? harder to encounter, TBC-LL¹ 849 = as andsam, LU. With DO: dolig duit gním n-erred do gabail fort it is hard for you, TBC-I¹ p. 63 n. 19 (LU). fa dolig dóib fri[th]airle int shlúaig romóir, TBC-LL¹ 452 . ní doilig duit co ndena bairgena dona clochaib-se, PH 4796 . a luad nocha doilid dam, Hy Fiach. 230 . ní hí a aés is dulgium dó his age is not his greatest difficulty, TBC-LL¹ 846 . With LA: ragat-sa lib imbárach cid duilig lim, LL 27a23 . an fear comhlainn céad is doilge leat it aghaidh whom you deem hardest (to encounter), Ériu i 87 ; ZCP x 286.28 . ní doilge leiss dul 'na dáil andás i ndáil cech bíid archena he deems it as light a matter to go to partake of it (the Sacrament) as of any other food, PH 5348 .

(b) hard to bear, grievous, distressing: scéla doilge (: choimde), SG 356.13 . co rīs in saidhbri suilid | iar ndai[d]bri duilig domoin, ZCP vi 264 § 8 . pian ele ba doilche inā sin, Aisl. Tond. 97 . ropa doilid la Dubthach ini sin, Laws i 6.24 . ac dighail Dé dhoiligh (Conchubar avenging the death of Christ), RC vi 77 . a fhir do chumm in cruinde | doilig lind do lettruimme, LB 186a13 . gidh doiligh linn gan leanmhain | don bhuidhin, DDána 97.28 . gér dhoiligh ris an rígh na scéala sin, Keat. iii 5382 .

As subst. difficulty, strait: tú-sa i ndulig I am in a fix, TBC-LL¹ 1338 . mac Decill fri duiligh, Gorm. Jan. 1 . i ndulig erraig in the hard time of spring (?), Hib. Min. p. 65 .

(c) Of persons hard, stern, intractable, inexorable: ba dulig irgaile I was stern in battle, Tec. Corm. § 7 . áilgin ag áibhness, rodoiligh i n-irghail, Expugn. Hib. § 5 . abbair fris nip diumsach duilig, ZCP xi 84 § 34 . corbat sídaig teglach tréin | gurbat duilig i ndroibhél, SG 107 . frissin fher ndoilig ndemnach, PH 89 . fiche cét Danar dian dolig, Cog. 152 . ag riarachadh dhámh ndoiligh hard to please, Arch. Hib. i 89.3 . pn As sobriquet (?): iar ṅDonnchad duilig (: bruidin), Rawl. 163b6 . Adv. ag tagra go tuirseach doiligh ré Dia, TSh. 4208 .

écsamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. écsamail or dil.ie/19646

adj i (neg. of cosmail)

(a) dissimilar, different, distinct: a cosmiligmmer dúli ecsamli...i. do chenelaib ┐ áirmib ecsamlib, ar is écsamil a cenél...fil isindí as mare ┐ as Nilus `when we compare different things, i.e. to different genders and numbers, for different is the gender which is in mare and Nilus' Sg. 211a14 . 208a10 . nephécsamli (gl. non dissimiles) Ml. 61c5 . is ecsamail reim daonachta caich `the course of nature differs in each' Mon. Tall. § 63 . ciat ecsamla it cosmaile, SR 7276 . ro láset óengáir estib etir Grécu ┐ Troiannu...acht ba co n-innithim écsamail `with diverse intention' TTr.² 1187 . fer congbus da dan examla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht two distinct callings Laws v 104. 18 Comm. díre caich asa dan becc mor n-examail bes aigi, iv 384.8 . i n-oesaib examlai .i. oclach ┐ moethoclach ┐ senoir, PH 7113 . gerb Arceadacda uli in lucht sin, ua hecsamail a n-airm ┐ a n-erred , TTebe 1562 . 3546 . co n-armaib ecsamlaib, uair ni ua cosmail na ciniuda, 1398 . cia līn fochraic fil hi nim? .i. lxxii. do fochraicib écsamlaib ZCP iv 235 § 9 n. diverse , various: illatu pían n-ecsamail FA 1 (LU). co mbrechtrad gem n-écsamail, 13 . di dathaib écsamlaib, TTr.² 844 . na feranna examla...asa tancatar na buidne, PH 5574 . 5423 . na crotha éagsamhla asa bhfaghaid na daoine bás, TSh. 323 . i gcaidreabh crumh ┐ chiaróg...┐ phiast ndochraid n-éagsamhail archeana, 1110 . tugadar Papadha euxamhla iomad loghaidh various Popes Parrth. Anma 253 . varied, manifold: co n-oirfitiud n-éxamail, PH 8321 . tuirem na mbiad... n-ecsamail, MacCongl. 71.3 . é.¤ fri (re) differing from, unlike: sruth tentide...is écsamail hé frisna srotha aile FA 18 . miadhlecta ecna tra, it ecsamla fri miadhlechta tuaithe, Laws iv 354.15 . é.¤ risna budnib aile, TBC-LL¹ 5563 (cf. 5334 ). é.¤ sech (?): buiden aile...errada inganta ecsamla impu seach na buidne ol cheana, TBC-I¹ 3362 (distinguished? cf. infra).

(b) strange, uncommon, peculiar, surprising: mon ndraig n-uathmhair n-éagsamhail, TD 13.32 . Of a famine: 15.30 . is é is éagsamhla this (occurrence) is the strangest of all 39.19 . créad dobheir gan chosaibh gan lámhaibh sibh, i gcruth éagsamhail mar sin?, ITS i 108.16 . stát examail ingantach (of the Swiss Federation), Fl. Earls 92.10 . examail ingantach innus...mar dorōnadh, 70.3 . In complimentary sense, matchless, unique, excellent, admirable: ingena áille examhla, Alex. 235 . TD 2.45 . ógh alainn éxamail, BNnÉ 275.4 . tir shuthach, solusda, airegda, ecsamail ingantach, RC xxvi 140.15 . Róimh na n-aolchloch n-éagsamhal, TD 24.31 . ba haoibhinn examail faircsin chathrach Rodhain, Fl. Earls 26.24 . Compar.: níorbh éagsamhla (áilne v.l.) mná san domhan no iad ar feabhas a ndeilbhe, ITS i 108.23 ; 142.17 . Cf. éccosmail.

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