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argat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. argat or dil.ie/4140

Forms: argad, airgead, argad

n o, n. Later m. argad, airgead m., IGT Decl. § 11 . argad: slabhradh, IGT Decl. ex. 471 . : damnadh, PBocht 7.24 (see note).

(a) the metal silver: a n-a.¤ nglan, Ml. 31d10 . amal slaidred ṅargait gl. reprobum argentum, 85b7 . arged ab argento , Corm. Y 18 . gasne arggait (of a person), Thes. ii 295.15 . in sét argait, 345.1 (Hy. v) = arggait, 346.4 . ríthæ in tech sin . . . ar chumil n-arggit, 240.2 (Ardm.). cumal do or ┐ a.¤ , Ériu xvi 37 § 3 . gell . . . di arggut, Críth G. 283 . a.¤ n-án n-oigthiagerna (arget (arcat) n-ard v.l.), Anecd. ii 58.12 . ra mbiad arcat ┐ ór, LU 3318 ( SCC 11 ). ór nó airccet, Trip.² 1120 . míleach argit, BDD² 673 . cassán gelairgit isin brot, LU 6295 (TBC). tricha escra do airgiut oengil Espáne, TFerbe 404 . loc i mbi mein airgit, Laws i 170.17 Comm. conn-esnaduib oir ┐ arccuid, IT iii 238.107 . arget ar crannaib, LL 13869 . a lámha d'airgead (of an image), TSh. 56 . a.¤ beó quicksilver: detach in airgit beó, Rosa Angl. 258.6 . Cf. airgat.

(b) As object of value, currency etc. (cf. airgeint): cia duberat a.¤ daitsiu nulla argenti . . . permotatione , Ml. 73d12 . du fuillem argait gl. ad usuram, 36a24 . cim .i. arget ┐ don argat dobeirt[h]i i cís d'Fomorib atroille ainmniugud, Corm. Y 304 . cimb .i. airget, O'Dav. 354 . cerb .i. argad, Corm. Y 381 . unga arcait for fer imthéit co n-eri, Ériu ii 204 § 23 . ni nais uma na hairgead na hor, Laws iv 36.1 . triar brathar dia tart a n-athair tini argaít, Irish Texts i 17 § 50 . sena.¤ fil acut, LL 361 marg. sup. d'athchuinnge airgeit, ZCP viii 201 § 12 . d'iarraidh airgid, DDána 13.3 . airgead croise caoile nó salfás, L. Cl. A. B. 42.18 .

Of money: monad nua . . . do denam ind Erinn ┐ trecad in arcit do bi inte air-sin, Ann. Conn. 1252.2 . argiod fállsa counterfeit money, Párl. na mB. 3907 . drochairgiod, 1862 .

(c) Of special types of silver: lan ind [ḟ]innfaidhig Patraicc do argut gil o cheniul E. do Patraicc `the full of Patrick's F. (name of a bell) of white silver', AU i 464.z . Cf. tri lan cluicc na rig d'ofrail arcit, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . cuit in cét fir . . . ungi dargut gil, Cog. 94.6 . tri ficit uinge d'airget ghil, AFM ii 818.4 . LL 312a9 ff. mentions three grades: arggat bruthi (refined), argget mar bess (average) and arggat.

Compds. Mainly in nn.pr. and nn. loc. -án: macc Airgetáin, Trip. ii 514.2 (perh. deriv.). ¤-bran: fid nallabrach ┐ arggatbrain, Thes. ii 293.1 . ¤-dán, see Loth, Rev. des Études Anciennes xxi 263 - 270 . ¤-ibar: mac Argatibair, LL 312a55 . ¤-lám: Nuodai Aircetlaum, RC xii 100 § 133 . Núadha Airgettlamh, Leb. Gab.(i) 148.y . la Nuadat n-argetlaim, LL 981 (cf. airgetlam). ¤-már: Argatmár, LL 2508 . Sīrlām mac Argatmāir, ZCP viii 303.6 . ¤-nia: admuiniur m'argetnia I invoke my silver champion, Misc. Hib. 19 § 2 . ? ¤-ṡrón: tri meic Argatroin, LU 7623 . ¤-glenn: i n-Argatglind, ZCP iii 42 § 8 . ¤-nél: isin maig tess Arggatnéul, Imr. Brain 8 . ¤-ros: Argetros, LL 2287 .

1 búaignech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búaignech or dil.ie/7233

n (compd. of ? Cf. búaball) drinking-vessel: būaignec[h] .i. escra , Corm. Y 190. cia roḟet na curna n-aile . . . nī adcota na buaignech[a ?] si, ZCP viii 103.5 ( Ériu ii 186.24 ). in buaingnech olbaire (leg. oblaire, ed.) (a metre), IT iii 65 § 134.

1 bun

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bun or dil.ie/7448
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bon, bona, -acht

n [u, m. ? See PH 7275 cited below] somet. also bon. b.¤ m., g s. bona, IGT Decl. § 72 (and said to have a `canamhain'). b.¤ .i. fun .i. fundamentum, O'Mulc. 173.

The thick end of anything, base, butt, foot. Of trees etc. trunk, base: b.¤ cruinn mair, Thes. ii 295 § 7. béim do b.¤ chraind, LU 9063 ( FB 81 ). b.¤ nomna `trunk of an oak', Laws iv 142.y Comm. glaisithir b.¤ cuilind, RC xiii 5.8 . fear bona in craind, Laws iv 170.z Comm. fria bona na crand, ZCP xxx 138.2 (Alex.). sáidid . . . a mbonai suas . . . for bonu na crand, PH 7275. b.¤ cacha simne `das untere Ende', ZCP xiv 355 § 13 ( Laws ii 250.z ). geltatar . . . a fér cona b.¤ a talam, LU 4734 (TBC). See melle. b.¤ gach cleithe, Ériu i 22.108 . a b.¤ butt (of javelin), LU 4870 (TBC). bata buna borbremu[i?]r, ZCP vi 71.36 .

Of mountains base, foot: bona gairbenn nGreg, O'Gr. Cat. 336.5. im bhonaibh beann `around the assembly hills', Aithd. D. 36.26 .

Of rivers mouth, estuary: dara se a ainm ica b.¤ , Rawl. 78b1 . o Ghrellaig bháin bona, Gorm. Dec. 16 `of the river-end', Index of Places. b.¤ Bóinne, RC xlix 174 § 35. a b.¤ srotha Níl, Keat. ii 480. Exceptionally source: b.¤ an tsrota ┐ idir iartar . . . teit se a fairgi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 52.26 .

Of parts of the body: b.¤ a tengad base , Rawl. B 512, 48b (cited Contribb. 290 ). o b.¤ na hingne, Laws iii 352.3 Comm. escra (sic leg.) laimi bona a mer `at the root of his finger' (Plummer MS. notes), v 40.17 Comm. (verse). lethfat buna in litanain lower part of the little finger, ii 232.23 Comm. ar mhíonbh. méar, DDána 79.11 `barr,' Gloss. ar bunuibh in righthigh, Reg. San. 30.14 ` elbows ', Gloss. bēim . . . do b. an erbuill end (?), ZCP vi 80.38 .

Of armies base, foundation, main force (?): b.¤ an tslōigh (of a leader), O'R. Poems 685. b.¤ gach buidhne, DDána 111.30 `cúl, taca,' Gloss. a mb.¤ ┐ a meirgedha `base', Stair Erc. 2108 `the chief banyere', source. cōic mīli ele mur b. dōibh-sein `as a reinforcement', ZCP vi 45.5 . ? do sdéd mear ag cur chúarta / gu b.¤ ḟer an imrúagtha, IGT Decl. ex. 1281.

Various: sech b.¤ Baile in Bile, LL 10307 (TBC). a b.¤ fleagha remains of a feast (?) (term of opprobrium), IT iii 80 § 54 . ? rann ō bon (division of inheritance), Ériu i 214.13 . In more or less abstract applications: cia ré mbean a mb.¤ `what is their real value', Content. xiv 49. gibé heile ris as bh.¤ `whoever caused it', 69 . Ó hE. d'fhíorbh. accam is my real support, O'Hara 2218. a mheabhoir gá mbí a b.¤ `o steadfast mind', 3357 . fíorbh. na faghla, Aithd. D. 16.40 `mainstay', Gloss. b.¤ an ghaisgidh, RC xlix 172 § 26. b.¤ na dtrí dtomhus, DDána 58.17 `bríogh,' Gloss. ag sin b.¤ mo bharamhla the gist of my opinion is, Arch. Hib. i 98 § 3. b.¤ na tiomna-sa, BNnÉ 272.37 . ? sé 'na aonar ar ndul dúinn / b.¤ ar an saoghal ná saoil, Dán Dé xxiii 33 . go b.¤ gnath a gheinealaigh source , BNnÉ 281.4 . ? gnithi manach beothlusach buna, O'Dav. 1530.

Attrib. gs. qual. búanna, -acht, etc.: sreith . . . buannadha buna ┐ bairr levy for the upkeep of permanent and additional mercenaries (?), AFM v 1686.3 (see note). co na buannacht bhona `customary services ', 1600.y . suim Cissa i B. . . . ar an taobh amuig da Galloglacaib Bonna ┐ Bairr ` royalties ', Trans. RIA xv 37.30 . se .xx. tuag do buanacht bona, L. Chl. S. 30 (expld. by ed. as `axe-men to be maintained'). buandacht bona I Domnaill, Prolegomena 48.7 . cf. bonaght bonny, Dymmok, Treatice 8 (Ir. Arch. Soc. ii ).

V. freq. with prec. I N-: i mb.¤ na gabla beside the fork, LU 9193 ( FB 92 ). a mb.¤ an durrtaighe, Grail 3534 . Usu. in transfd. sense occupied with, adhering to, in charge of, devoted to: ataoi dháibh a mb.¤ do bhágha you have kept your promise to them, Dán Dé xix 25 . 'na bh.¤ guarding Him, ii 23 . atáid trí biodhbhuidh na b.¤ / ar tí ionnluigh na hanman, IGT Decl. ex. 775. an i mb.¤ do bhréagnuighthe `attend to my reply', Content. xxiv 24. fuireach 'na bhon to abide by it (a pact), Luc. Fid. 4142. nír ansat a mb.¤ a siothchána dAodh, AFM iii 464.z. Note also: mo thimpán . . . / atá i mb.¤ a leitrinne / airfided ban in domain is capable of (?), SG 248.38 .

With other prepp.: nī cuirfeam ar ngrād go b.¤ we shall not consummate our love, ZCP xiii 18.6 . do bh.¤ an ghrádha because of, DDána 58.12 . do bh.¤ t'impidhe through beseeching thee, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 4. fa b.¤ an craind at the foot of, Grail 3073 (a mb.¤ , v.l.). fá bh.¤ mo chlúimh `under the shelter of', Atlantis iv 134.2 . fri b.¤ cruche `at the foot of the gallows', Mon. Tall. 127.5 .

In adv. phrases: ar b.¤ established, in force, in progress: in síd do beth ar b.¤ , LB 114b53 . geis an airmse bíodh ar b.¤ , TD 19.19 . do bhí a nós . . . ar b.¤ , PBocht 11A.10. ó's í is mó atá ar b.¤ do shíor (division of Ireland), Keat. i 110.20 . b.¤ barr top and bottom, entirely, completely: tópacht . . . cétbunni darach d'oenbéim b.¤ barr, LL 8021 (TBC). With prepp.: di omnai . . . / . . . eter b.¤ is barr, LL 4763. mo shaoghal ó bh.¤ go barr, Dán Dé xxiii 18 . See 1 barr. b.¤ ós chionn (in class. verse also disyll. b.'s ch., see Measgra D. Gloss.) upside-down, in reverse, vice-versa, at variance: beag do-ním achd beart bun 's cionn, DDána 13.13 . ag cur an bheatha b.¤ ós ch. (leg. b.'s ch.), Dán Dé xxxi 31 . bun 's cionn gan dul 'na dhiaidh dhamh alas that I did not follow it (?), Measgra D. 58.16 . no bunsginn `or vice-versa', Rosa Angl. 52.18 . buin-sgionn = desuper, TSh. 7001. teilgidh b.¤ ós cionn bríathra = he overthroweth the words, Proverbs xxii 12. am scīth bun's cind upset, ZCP vi 263.15 . With follg. prep.: Luther ┐ Calvin, bhíos go minic b.¤ os cionn le chéile at loggerheads, Eochairsg. 2.14 . bun-os-cionn don Scrioptúir, 3.16 . With agus: glóir an bheatha b.¤ ós cheann / 's an ghlóir ar nach fuil foircheann, Dán Dé xxii 9 . See 1 cenn. b.¤ i mb.¤ together , Magauran 210 .

Compds. With nouns. See bunáit, etc. bo buin-beíme `a cow for cutting their trunks', Laws iv 146.22 . i ndóigh go gcuirfeadh Aodh buinchíos ar Dhál R., Keat. iii 1280. tri bunchuir `bands of interwoven twigs' (of a fence), Laws iv 76.22 Comm. = buncair, 112.9 . bunc[h]ar n-airbed, Corm. Y 581. See felc. bunebe ` cutting the trunk ', Laws iv 168.x. cath na m-bun fhear `of the stout men', Oss. iv 104.y . dia tuc duit mnāi co mbungile `ein Weib mit weissem Gesäss', Bruchst. 30 § 68 ; `a woman of real beauty´ EIS 143 § 23 . do chionn mhaga[idh] is bhuinghrin[n] `jeering, low humour (?)´ Celtica iv 110 § 18 . a chroiceann do chaill buin-scionn , 155 § 190 .

With adjj. lámha . . . bun-cháola, ML 120.8 . bile sa barr bunchasda, IGT Decl. ex. 553. cam buincheart an bunnannsoin with level base, ex. 583 . barr buinchlechtach `that ever does as by his origin he is held to do', Caithr. Thoirdh. 69.38 . slat bungel barrglan, ACL iii 238 § 7. a bunsaig ṁbaísi ṁbunloscthi, LL 8320 (TBC). do birfiaclaibh . . . bunodra `dun-based', CCath. 4027. bund-remar barr-cael (fig. of a `clí'), Laws v 28.7 Comm.

cerc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cerc or dil.ie/8748

n ā, f. hen : c.¤ gl. gallina, Ir. Gl. 196 . smacht peata chuirre ┐ circe, Laws iv 114.10 . cearc gan run, v 80.12 . nomad loighi na circi in gac en da henaib, iii 380.2 Comm. da miach ar circ cein dotas, miach ar caileach cein n-iunas, v 82.16 Comm. cerca ┐ geodh, 166.19 Comm. gl. eoin aititin `domestic fowl', 5 . seig .i. seboc (.i.) foxla orcu ┐ cerca, O'Dav. 1480 . c.¤ i cill, crand eidneanach (opprobrious epithet), IT iii 89 § 115 . comeis lini oen chirci `as much as the clutch of eggs of one hen', Cog. 48.y . Cf. Caithr. CC 1.y . uga cercc, MacCongl. 101.3 . gan uiread eoin chirce da mhaoin féin ar chumas fhir an tighe, Keat. iii 2756 . ? tria ḟochond na hoenbreithe / fó cia beith c.¤ i trebad, LL 6322 .

Of female of other birds: c.¤ fraich re aidche n-adhuair grouse , Acall. 3679 . guth circe fráoich an tsléibhe, BS 152.11 . Cf. cercai odrai / a frāech rūad, K. and H. 27 . a hūi Scandail, / a scīan espa, / a ch.¤ usci, / a choss escra water-hen (as opprobrious epithet), Bruchst. 32 § 73 ( IT iii 102 § 191 ).

C.¤ Boirche name of a legendary bird: Ard Fothaidh . . . Fothad Airgthech . . . conatail and co cend teora coigtighes fri foghar ceirce Bairche, Dinds. 89 . dia faigdi 'mo oen deirc i ndon circe Boirche rucsat an eceis aniar, 64 . an Chearc Bhoirche, DDána 121.29 . Cearc Bhoirche . . . / gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 .

querc name of a letter in Énogam, Auraic. 5694 .

As n. pr. f. C.¤ ingen Echach, LL 354b57 . In n. pr. m. Cú Cercca, Cóir Anm. 214 .

cingit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cingit or dil.ie/9134

Forms: Cinnit

n [ī, f.] cup, goblet : com choimtibh ┐ cingitib ┐ com cearnaib `my vats and goblets and with my dishes' (in list of household property), RC x 84.8 . techta cingite, Laws v 418.13 . genmotha easgra ┐ cingidi, 408.y Comm. mesce tre ol cormae no chingiti medae `tipsiness through drinking beer or a goblet of mead', Mon. Tall. 40 . c.¤ chorma, Rule of Tallaght 66 § 9 . c.¤ di as maith a jugful of good milk, Ériu vii 140.14 . deifir eitir eascara ┐ c.¤ .i. cos gairit asin escra ┐ cos fada asin c.¤ , O'D. 1203 (H.2.15, 81b). c.¤ .i. cuingit .i. comthrom a coss ┐ a cend, Corm. Y 274 . nī ba moo som oldāss cend cingite mōir[e] (of a cauldron), 141 . Of measure: an tomhas da ngoirthi cingid, Rule of Tallaght 22 § 38 . Also spoon, ladle : is c.¤ an liach dia lessaigther in laec[h]biad, O'Mulc. 768 . cingid [no] liach iaraind, Dinds. 147 ( RC xvi 160 ).

In n.loc.. oc C.¤ Fercon, LU 6703 = Cinnit, TBC-LL¹ 2914 . ? In n.pr. Liag Cíar C.¤ chonasach, LL 3482 .

cléithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cléithe or dil.ie/9421
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: chléthe, cléithe, cleithe, cleithi

n io, n. Later f. (long vowel not guaranteed by rhyme. Cf. 1 cleth, clíath?). n s. cleithi n-ordain iartair domain, AU an. 939 . cleithe n-óc nEmna, LL 2626 (cf. however: Clethe bretha name of a law-tract, Laws i 26.3 Comm. ) a s. a chléthe n-óchtarach, LU 1476 . n pl. cléithe, Críth G. 157 . g pl. fer da cleithe , Laws iv 350.22 . As f. d s. i cleithi áin, LL 29494 . g s. cecha cleithi , LL 400a42 .

(a) roof-tree, ridge-pole : ete iter cach dá ḟíthe ó ṡuidiu co c.¤ , Críth G. 100 . in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi, Corm. Y 275 . is bēsad na cleithe (= g s. of 1 cleth), is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēit[h]e, ibid. (cf. Laws iv 358.13 ) = ina cliad, Thr. Ir. Gl. 10 s.v. clíí. Tech Midchúarda o cléithib co talmandae, LU 7207 ( BDD² 824 ). ró lá [cor n-iach n-erred] de i n-ar[da co ruc] a chléthe n-óchtarach din tig co mboí for cléthiu in tigi aile, LU 1476 ( MU² 953 - 4 ). dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, f. 21 (23)a ). a breth fo clethe; a breth a nuaim into a building(?), Laws ii 128.15 Comm. (`into concealment'). atracht columu tenntide . . . co cleithe na heclaisi, Three Hom. 66.4 . secht stíalla umai ón damdabaich co c.¤ issin tig, TBFr. 76 . gur b' ionsamhail cleithi tre churcais reanna na sleagh tres an slios araill do Chelluch a ridge-pole protruding from a thatch of rushes(?), MR 272.13 . ? cf. fiacla cirí cleth i curghais (a derogatory description), IT iii 101 § 179 . Confused with clí: cli .i. ise a bés na cleithe, is trén ┐ is dírech, ┐ congaib ┐ congaibther . . . adcumuing o cleithiu co lar, Laws iv 358.22 , 23 (cf. also Corm. Y 275 above). ní bfuaramar dhar ttighthibh shoir / acht bun gach cleithe a ttalmhuin, Ériu i 22.108 .

(b) By synecdoche, (dwelling) house: biaid gol gacha cleiti .i. cacha tighe, H 3.18, 553a14 . dixit Pátricius nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip.² 1814 . Cf. YBL 136a27 . co na boi dei do clethe a n-Erinn forsna beth cíos doib, RC xii 62 § 25 . ol cét cech clethi i nHerind, LL 22416 . Cf. 27617 .

(c) More generally building : it hé insin .vii. c.¤ ó ndírenar cach bóaire (ref. to a list of seven buildings, a dwelling-house and six farm-buildings), Críth G. 157 . a ṡrethe tige, a ḟolud, a chléthe, a echṡréin, 432 . co n-innrucus ch.¤ `with a complete set of buildings' (Gloss.), 438 . ? trí dotcaid threbtha: gort salach, iarmur c.¤, tech drithlennach, Triads 65 . ?fer . . . na techta fo tuaith co leir na cleithe who owns no house throughout the territory (?), Laws iv 352.12 (`visibly or invisibly').

(d) As technical term for some kind of tenant or dependent: lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe cona comorbuib techtaib `two cleithe- tenants', Laws iv 350.11 . flaithem oen escra .i. fer aen cleithe, 14 . Cf. senchléithe. do flaith rucu gu-breth for a celi .i. gu-fiadnaise im clethe, v 220.4 Comm.

(e) c.¤ (sg. or pl.) nime, aeóir, etc. the heavens, the firmament; the sky : a cléthib clithnimi, LU 1169 . lotar na suipp ṡesca . . . i cléthib aeóir ┐ firmiminti, TBC-LL¹ 6040 . na fóit . . . curit i cleithe ḟirmimenti, LL 24910 . ba h-urcur a cleithibh nime ┐ ba snam i n-aighid srotha, BB 419b37 . do eirgedh an detach co direch i cleitib in aeoir, Grail 3098 . Without qualifying gen. no rannad bledmila in mara immi . . . súas i n-ardda clethi, LL 12631 . fuath-nell . . . d'ár ceiled in cleithi coithcenn (sic) . . . os a cendaib, MR 240.5 . ? Cf. go ttarla C. fo chleithibh talmhain, TBC-LL¹ p. 561 n.6 (fo lintip an atha, St.).

(f) Other applications. top, crown (of head, more freq. c.¤ cinn or c.¤ cennmullaig): in buinne díriuch dondḟala atracht a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 (TBC). roben Gola i clethi a chind, SR 5871 . cora chomthócbaiset a lonna láith ósa cleithib, LL 32509 ( TTr. 1707 ). imon cathbharr im a cleithi, BB 297a 41 . in mong . . . tria cleithi a ceandmullaich, RC xxiv 196.17 . co ruc clethi a chinn de co n-apad, xxiii 325 § 14 n. Of the tops of trees, woods, mountains, a city: ba cosmail fri cleithe caille cetamain . . . cechtar a da gruad, LL 253a47 (cf. Aen. 1926 and IT iii 186.13 s.v. forcléithe, also forcle). suas gu clethi na crand, BB 497a4 . a bun cleithi na crand, 13 . cleithe na uruachtur sleibhe Erix, CCath. 1382 . sliab nOlimp, isa cenn ┐ isa clethi fil . . . , BB 488b2 . ós cleithi na cathrach, CCath. 1321 . c.¤ .i. uachdar tighe, tulcha no cnuic, O'Cl.

(g) Freq. in Laws Comm. meaning something of considerable value, a matter of importance, high rank(?) (oppd. to , q.v.): mas a seachtar faiche [ro gatait na beich] . . ., gid maigin . . . gid sechtar maigin, gid cutrumus lui gid cutrumus clethe . . . mas a maigin ┐ is cutrumus cleithi is lanenecland. Mas a chutrumus lui, is leitheinecland. Masa seachtar maigin ┐ is cutrumus clethe is leithenecland. Masa cutrumus lui is uii.adh neneclaindi, O'D. 1041 (H.2.15, 25). dá trian diri dula urraidh d'urradh ina dúil; aen trian diri dula deoraidh do deoradh ina dúil, ┐ eneclann do cechtar de fo aicned lui no cleithi according to his lesser or greater standing(?), 1366 (E. 3.5, 24a). rig . . . beires bretha gua, cid im lu, cid im cleithi `whether it be concerning a small thing or a large', Laws i 54.18 Comm. cid bec .i. im lu; cid mor .i. im cleithi, iii 38.y Comm. noco nuil deithbir lui na cleithi im in cumail sin `no difference of major or minor (higher or lower rank)', 110.6 Comm. ma ro gatait seoit uaithib ris in ré sin, eneclann do cechtar de ann fo aicned lai no cleithi `minor or major value' (rank?), 144.15 Comm. corab e in tainmrainde sin da eneclainn bes do co na ferthain ar in rob is cleithi, ┐ a leth ina ferthain ar in rob is lu, 358.y Comm. a nderbḟorgeall clethe for na huaislib . . . a nderbforgeall clethe for islib an affirmation concerning an important matter, 396.6 - 8 Comm. gufiadnaise im clethe, no im forcruidh fognuma im clethe `about a great (matter), or about excess of service in a great (matter)', v 220.4-5 Comm. But cléithe are divided into large and small: ce ro ghata da cleithi o duine, .i. clethe beg ┐ clethe mor, O'Curry 1665 ( 23 Q 6, 23 b ). cemadh mo re hic naithgina in clethi mor na in clethi beg nocha mo re hic smachta na dire na eneclainne e na in clethi bec, 1666 ( 23 Q 6 23 b ). Cf. clethe .i. mor no uasal, O'Dav. 558 .

(h) Fig. perfection, culmination; chief, head : i suthemlacht cech berlai co clethi to (or with?) perfection, LU 661 ( ACC 26 gl . baí sab súithe cec dind). acht na roigh co cleithe `but he does not reach to the top (of scholarship)', Laws iv 356.7 . ceand ┐ cléthi cacha bíd int iasc ár dothomail Issu he, Thr. Ir. Gl. 24 s.v. iasc. cléithi .i. rogha ut est cléithi tech n Erenn, H 3.18, 650b24 . ba cleithi ach don Erind bas meic Erca, Dinds. 114 . cléthe .i. formna, no in t-art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine, ut est co cléthi fine fosaighther cina, O'Dav. 486 . for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide `chiefs' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iv 130.82 . sáifiter slúaig con mae re secht c.¤ slúaig Ulad, LL 11628 (TBC rhet.). clethe Laighen leighnidhe, TFrag. 188.5 . tiagha[ir] gusan gcathraigh, dotaott gussan gclēithe (i.e. to the chief personage in the town), ZCP vii 305.3 . araile fealmac fēigh don Mumhain . . . atnacobrustor mnáoi siú rosiacht clēithe the perfection of his art(?), 304.27 . as go c.¤ tuaithe tiagaid filidh fuigheall fria forus fáth, Ériu xiii 33.31 . Ua Suanaich . . . / Eiríu ard amre . . . / ised a c.¤ clerech, BB 233b35 . imm imthecor do dērce as cend ┐ as cléthe inna huile timna, Otia ii 97 § 31 . is é cléthi ┐ forair in fhorcetail diada in dearc, PH 5789 . mad intii adcobra rosá cléthe foirbthetad `who desires to reach the pitch of perfectness', Ériu vii 154 § 6 . comad ead clethi soethair cech duine, áine ┐ érnaigthi, RC xii 438.1 . combadh si budh cenn ┐ budh cleithe d'eccailsibh Érenn, AFM i 142.x .

clíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíath or dil.ie/9484

Forms: cliatha

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . g s. also cliatha, Cog. 156.6 .

(a) hurdle : cliath gl. creta [crates], Ir. Gl. 126 . denam cleib, denam cleithe, Laws v 474.4 . gach uair is loscadh comhraite is clía nudhnecht (sic leg.). Gach uair is loscadh anfoit is clia lathrach n-aile, iv 252.1 Comm. (cliath v.l.). cia sáer ro fích in cleith, LL 26382 . dogníthe derc . . . ┐ cliatha tairsiu. No briste in gae . . . ┐ a rind tresin cléith, RC xiii 454 § 48 . doratsat . . . cliatha caelaigh mora ós a cennaibh ┐ scratha fót tairsibh anechtair (as protection for beseigers), CCath. 1881 . laem . . . ainm don clēith bīs fon arbar oca tīrad, O'Mulc. 806 . cor eptha i cléith `putting a charm in a hurdle', MacCongl. 71.25 (prov., in a list of useless actions). Attrib. g s. i leabaidh chléithe, TSh. 2304 .

(b) Of a house or `les' (see 2 les) wattle panels of walls, doors or gates: samaisc i cléith tís, colpdach i cléith túas, Críth G. 215 - 16 . dá [n]dorus [n-]and —comla[e] ar ala n-aí, c.¤ ar alailiu, 101 . dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). ro híadad in tech . . . ┐ doratad crann ar chleith (arcleith v.l.) airi immach, Trip.² 604 . elaim-si itir clēith ┐ ursaind, MacCongl. 123.18 (cf. cliathcomla). c.¤ ná comhla ré lis, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5 . ní bīat clīatha re rátha, ZCP xiii 9.23 . an ḟuinneog iomagallmha . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta, RSClára 93b .

(c) woven fence, palisade, outwork : doratad immorro M. . . . dalta do Choin C. . . . ar cléith ar dorus in dúne, LL 13404 . do-rigensat . . . cliatha do scia[i]ch ┐ do draigen i mbeol ind atha fri R. cona muintir, cona rochtadar dul darsin n-ath, IT ii2 230.74 . imthus re marcach eich leith / a n-Ath Gallta itir da chleith, Leb. Cert. 20.8 . nī tucc a acchaidh re clēith / budh ferr do c[h]ongbālaidh scēith, Ériu xvii 28 § 50 . do congbail clethi ┐ do cosnum cathlaithrech `to sustain the front', MR 148.9 . airm n-a gcléith ar comhlaibh tor `swords form a fence round his castles' portals', Magauran 1705 . Of the Cross: ar chléith dhoinnbhear dia hAoine / do coinnmheadh Dia dar ndín-ne, DDána 47.2 . Fig. Máol Mórdha . . . / Pilip Óg . . . / dhá chléith le dornchlaibh docra, O'R. Poems 2799 . gurab í an fhíor-aithrighe is comhla ┐ is cliath chosnaimh ag na daoinibh, TSh. 6894 . c.¤ fri opposition to: cliath ra heclais mairg dogní, LL 19300 . a cliath fri nem (to the sinful soul), PH 8175 . With various defining genitives: is lá Hú Tegtechān bith for in clē[i]th dāla ┐ an t-escra ana lāim a bar for dispensing drink(?), BColm. 52.29 (`hurdle of assembly'). cliath fhosgaidh ar āth, O'R. Poems 664 . Toirrdhelbhach . . . baí ina cleith ḟosccaidh . . . ag gach aén `a sheltering fence', AFM vi 2106.18 . dia tartamni .xxx. d'ar ṅdegdoinib immach i ṅgiallas bid tanaite ar c.¤ gabala sund. Doregthar forn issin cathraig defence, LL 283a4 . cladh coigcriche ┐ . . . cliath ghabhála fri hUltaibh, Hugh Roe² 216.14 . sgiath didin ┐ cliath ghaeithe Ghall re Gaeidheluibh `wind-hurdle' (i.e. protection, shelter), ALC ii 310.22 . in comla catha ┐ in cliath ugra, Cog. 188.7 . cf. 56.y . cúig tríatha . . . / cliatha gaisgidh na nGaoídhiol, O'R. Poems 2716 . cliath mhínighthe na ccóig ccrīoch, 661 . ard gach oentu . . . / cain cach cliath brathar protection of a kinsman(?), Cog. 122.18 .

In phr. i ccléith x on the side of x, in alliance with x: mairg . . . ro threicc a chorpfhine . . . ar dhul hi cleith ┐ hi ccomhaontaidh a éccrad, Hugh Roe² 264.18 . N. do thocht i ccléth cloinne Domhnaill, AFM iv 896.14 . a chaoraigheacht do breith lais i ccleith Gall to the side of the English, 890.5 . M., mairtír nar thrēith: / bīodh san chnoc im chlēith go fíor, Celtica iv 163 § 236 . `i gcléith le `to be united to, allied to, associated with' s.vv. adiungo, applico, affectus, affinitas, Risdeard Pluincéad', cited Celtica iv 192 .

(d) Extended applications: dorála D. do Ch. ar in cleith oc leith na Sinna ` bridge ', SG 397.6 . tucadh amus fair im cend cleithe Atha Luain . . . cor'thoit cliath an drochaid fút[h]aib, RC xviii 167.5 (Tig.). co nderna droichet ┐ clíatha dermhára díbh ┐ rathanna romora tarsin [cuan] cétna, CCath. 1391 . stretcher, litter, bed : cen chlíatha cen tulggu, Críth G. 101 . nónbar . . . ro-bái fón cleith fora raibe tarr na muici, Sc.M² 6R . dá ḟer déc for clíathaib airgdidib imon imdai, BDD² 1107 . búi an péist . . . ana lighe for cleth iarnaide, a lan do crithribh teindtidhi fon cleth hisin, Aisl. Tond. 108 § 3 (super cratem ferream). fo cholbaib ┐ fo immdadaib ┐ fo clīathaib in rīgthige, MacCongl. 11.17 (`screens'). cliatha caolaig doriginset Laigin . . . fo cosaib caorach . . . 'ca n-adnacal co Dún nÉtair, Dinds. 28 . láindíre do oí ina lias uasa a chleith codla, Ériu xiii 27.22 . clíatha fis (apparently always made of rowan branches) beds on which druids slept in order to acquire occult knowledge: luidhset na druidh fora cliathaib fis ┐ rothoghairmset demhna, Marco P. 32 . dochúatar na draoithe ara ccliathaibh cáerthainn ┐ tuccadh . . . nua corma doibh, V. SS. Hib. cliv n. 5 . codail ar do chliathaibh fis / cuardaigh aigéan gach oiris, Content. x 2 . is eadh do-nídís cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh ┐ seicheadha na dtarbh n-iodhbarta do leathadh orra . . . ┐ dul mar sin i muinighin a ngeasa do thoghairm na ndeamhan do bhuain scéal díobh . . . gonadh de sin do lean an sean-fhocal . . . adeir go dtéid neach ar a chliathaibh fis an tan do-ní dícheall ar scéala d'fhagháil, Keat. ii 5448 ff. harrow : cliath fuirsidh[e] (gl. eripica [rastrum]), Ir. Gl. 240 . braca, cliath, foirseadh, Eg. Gl. 70 . go niomat cliath ┐ prácadh, AFM vi 2186.20 . le clíathaibh foirsighe íaruinn, 1 Chron. xx 3 . clíath scéith framework of shield : o clíat[h]aibh sgiath secht mac Meadbha, Ériu x 85 § 88 . cúic árnaile saorus fer nimthechta ar tigradhus na ninnile .i. cliath tasgair (? trascair) do iadadh friu (some sort of hurdle for keeping cattle enclosed), O'D. 887 ( H 3.17, 637 ). Of the oars of a boat: ro cuireadar amach cliatha . . . crannrighne cruadhrámhadh, CF² 39 . Of an animal, the loin, rib-cage : mas ar son carna ata é is cnaimh ar in cleith uile (of the amount of condiment allowed with different joints), O'Curry 183 ( H 3.18, 99 ). curro bris a cleith n-asnai, TBC-LL¹ 565 n. 4 . cliat[h]a bō, Ériu x 85 § 88 . do imreadar na lanna . . . gurba cliatha tolla . . . na taíbh, CF² 801 . Of a bird's wings: glésaiss . . . a ghulbain a ccliathaib a eite, Mart. Don. 176.17 . Of the strings of a musical instrument: cid cia ro chodail . . . re cliathaib . . . ciuil, MR 110.y . ar chléith tana do thimpáin, IGT Decl. ex. 882 . Of the web of cloth: corba dluithither re cleith lenad (leined, v.l.) arna landluthud in lini sleg, TTebe 2823 (`stop- hurdle'). conarbho dluithe cliatha leinedh ar n-a dluthadh, ITS v 64.11 . ? cliath .i. umat, [ut est] ar bi[d] mer fo cuachnaidm cliath ferba .i. amail bi[d] mér fo cuachnaidm duitt iumad briathar in filed `a multitude of words', O'Dav. 397 (but `? metaph. use of clíath in sense of phalanx', Plummer MS. notes).

Freq. of the close ranks of men (and weapons) in battle, especially in phr. i ccléith, i cclíathaib in close fighting(?): ni ró ḟég F. dar a ais riam . . . ic astar no ic imthecht ┐ chléith ┐ chath (? leg. i cléith no i cath) no chomlund, TBC-LL¹ 1905 . nach hi ccath no hi ccleith / do fáccbadh é, ar sccáth a scceith, Cog. 88.22 . buaid [cacha] catha ┐ cacha cliatha, 156.6 . i n-imairic áigh nó i cléith comluinn, CCath. 627 . M. ┐ C. do marbad a cleith do O., Ann. Inisf. 1108.5 (`in a skirmish'). gur lingsed in dā chlēith . . . a cenn araile the two (opposing) ranks, ML² 1189 . d'fisrugad clethi Conaill ┐ aird-grinne Eogain `the phalanx', MR 176.3 . ro coraigheadh ider na curadaib cliatha . . . ceinngera do shleaguibh `rows', Caithr. CC 72 . díon a threabh . . . a ccliathaibh `in fighting', Rel. Celt. ii 222.31 . deacair an chéim i gcliathaibh, PBocht 3.38 . baidhbh id chomhghaire i gcléith, Aithd. D. 5.17 . i gcléith chogaidh ní dú dol / 's gan tú go habaigh aosmhar, DDána 105.23 . ? amail corra crit[h]bel / ri clīat[h]uib cāich / fir Ērenn re clīat[h]ib-sum / ō sin co tī brāth, ZCP xiii 15.1 , 2 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.v. and s. Áth Clíath .

Compds. With nouns. ¤bern in phr. c. chét one who makes a gap of a hundred in the enemy's ranks : in cathmilid ┐ in chliathbern chét ┐ ord essorgni, LL 8219 ( TBC-LL¹ 775 ). an dubdhortadh díl[e]ann ┐ an chliathbearna céd . . . .i. Caiseal C. airdrígh Lochlann, CF² 1001 . Also ¤bernaid id.: na da curaid ┐ na da chliathbernaid chet, TBC-LL¹ 3245 . atat daimh dilann ┐ cliathbernadha cet . . . i Cnuc na Cenn, RC xliii 40.29 . Also of the gap itself: atconnairc na clíathbernadhae mora oslaicte . . . ┐ na muir 'arna muradh `the great battle-breaches open and the ramparts rased', CCath. 3724 . ¤bernadach id.: tuarascbail . . . a cathmiled ┐ a cliathbernadach cét, TBC-LL¹ 5147 . os chliathblai Charmaind battle-field(?), BB 37b26 . cathmilid ┐ cliathcomla cathu shield (fig. of a warrior), TTr.² 1582 . cliathdhroichet do dhénamh oc Ath Luain wattle bridge, AFM ii 1132.18 . fa chliathfhroighibh do chraobh mbreac, DDána 68.38 . tiar tre chliathghaoith cláir na bhFionn ` battle-wind ', O'Hara 3081 . mairg tarla i gcliathghoil 'na cheann `ardour of a skirmish' (Gloss.), Ir. Syll. Poetry 64 § 14 . fa chliathmhadh Céin, O'Hara 2620 .

With adj. mac Piaruis chaoimh chliatharnaidh `fierce in battle' (Gloss.), Butler Poems 1351 . Éire chliathbhras, Hackett xliv 3 .

colainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colainn or dil.ie/10477

Forms: colann, colann, calann, colinn, colno, chollno, cholin, colinn, -ain

n i, f. Later colann. colann calann f., IGT Decl. § 37 . Cf. indiu is do cendaib colla tall, Laws i 44.1 . n s. colinn, Wb. 26a23 . g s. (inna) colno , 4a9 (gl. carnem), 9c10 , 31d2 . chollno, Wb. 3d1 . d s. cholin, 10b20 . colinn, 15d14 . -ain, Ml. 38c9 .

(a) body; flesh : is Iesse as bunad do-ssom . . . iár colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 6d10 . ar n-athir iar colinn, 2b23 . hi fóisite césto dia cholin-som, 3d24 . ar colno císu `the taxes of our flesh', Thes. ii 325.19 (Hy. iv). tol cholno (attrib. g s.), Wb. 20c20 . ar Chríst crochais c.¤ , Fél. Mar. 12 . itir lacht ┐ gnimraidh ┐ c.¤ (of cattle), Laws ii 66.18 . ri thanic i colla crí, SR 7517 . sírchóemna m'anmasa / scéo colla, LU 1194 . dergnat colla, 3470 ( SCC 25 ). i llaxai ┐ i téti a collai, 2195 ( FA 27 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . ar nís gaodae fír chairde na caraid colna, 44.25 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar cc.¤ , RC xxv 390 § 3 . colund gl. caro, Ir. Gl. 919 . o chaithes in choland in mbiad, PH 4800 . an chalann chuil, Dán Dé xxviii 33 . chalann (: anam), TSh. 3314 (cit.). (attá) i colainn (is) alive; (is) in human form : ro bói Crist i colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 15d14 . céin bai hi colaind, LU 1967 ( FA 3 ). tearc do choimbeodha i gcoluinn, DDána 74.64 .

(b) corpse, carcass; trunk : troigh mná troghain / for a ccollaib, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 19 . cend na mnā for indara burt ┐ colann for in burt n-ailiu, Cáin Ad. 7 . urba ria collaib (it is lawful) to make a gap for the conveyance of corpses, Laws iv 154.22 . cach mairt mainighther coland i sleib, v 330.15 Comm. co farnic in colann cen cend, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.y). uallfaidh coin ōs collaib crē, Ériu xviii 70 § 59 . bā coland cen chend / bā cend cen cholaind (of a useless proceeding), MacCongl. 73.12 , 13 .

(d) In Laws, material subject of a bargain etc.; principal, capital, object pledged or lent; corpus delicti; basis, ground, cause (of a claim, charge); substance (of which an article is made); is ruidhlis do neoch an dosli a coland fadeisin (i.e. a man is fully entitled to what his own capital earns), O'Curry 396 ( H 3.18, 221a ). duine dorigne cunnra . . . ┐ nocho rucadh colann uadha (i.e. the subject of the bargain was not actually handed over), O'D. 575 ( H 3.17, 443 ). fer meodhon gaide . . . ┐ nocha tarrustar colund aice (i.e. the stolen article was not found with him), O'Curry 2159 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). techta fuillema gill capuill . . . ailid tri ech ina muin la aithgin a collnna compensation equivalent to the original pledge, Laws v 406.3 . techta fuillema gill escra . . . do-s-li .u. seotu trenib . . . trian di setaib faithche, trian di setaib tige, trian di colaind fadeisin, la aithgin a chollnna i comdire a escra , 410.3 , 4 ( di colaind fadesin .i. di comchinoil .i. di umha, 10 Comm. ). ni lais dire a seoit, acht c.¤ aithgena nama `nur das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 (coland v.l.) (i.e. because the lord to whom he is bound pays his fines, he also gets the `díre' due to the `fuidir' whose goods have been stolen or damaged) = Laws v 512.5 . fertair c.¤ aithgena cachae dia trise co [m]boin inna muin `the body of compensation of each is paid after three days, with a cow in addition,' Laws v 400.z . it dilsi collnaib ┐ aithginaib `sind sie verfallen, die Gegenstände (selber) und (= oder ihr) Ersatz', ZCP xiv 379 § 42 . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren acht coland fri rathugad techta nama (of levying compensation for stolen goods introduced into a (king's) residence), Laws iii 242.1 (? he is liable for the restoration only of the object stolen if his good faith is adequately vouched for). ní híctur acht colunn náma the original pledge only (not the increase, in the case of an animal which has had young while in pledge), i 280.16 Comm. fuilgenn .i. inas na colla nó aithgin `increase of the . . . object pledged(?) or the equivalent', O'Dav. 862 . fer i taib no [in] airceand íte coland a feich `(the destruction of) the grass at the side or at the end (of the field) is the substance of the liability', Laws iv 120.z . eacur colla fiach adgairtur dicolla athgabail `let the original debts claimed be balanced against the original distress', ii 98.5 , 6 . do tuitet a colann feich olchena `they are all forfeited for the original debt', i 224.3 Comm. Also with follg. sét (g p.), colainn sét being translated Wertgegenstand by Thurneysen: ferdair collna set i naithcu(i)r `es werden (nur) die Wertgegenstände (selber) als Rückgabe gegeben', ZCP xiv 387 § 52 ( Laws ii 322.5 ). con-fodlait(h)er colla set saire i n-erenaiter fri somaine `es werden die Wertgegenstände mit der "Freiheit", in der sie gegeben worden sind, gegen die Leistungen abgewogen', ibid. (2). la diabul n-aithgina do collnaib set ┐ do somaine `neben dem Doppel-Ersatz der Wertgegenstände und der Leistungen', 390 § 57 (330.5). is eccen a n-athgin fo coibne fria collna set, no set adgo fechem dar a n-esse `compensation proportionate to the original articles' (of fine goblets etc. given in pledge), Laws v 408.2 . mad ar diumand in ceile in-asa in flaith a seotu, is dilis don cele log n-einech dib do collaib set aithgena, na toglen somaine collna set `ist dem Genossen sein Ehrenpreis aus ihnen, aus den Wertgegenständen des Ersatzes verfallen, ohne dass den Wertgegenständen Leistungen anhaften', ZCP xiv 391 § 59 ( Laws ii 336.5 , 6). ? ro fes as n-erraithi de collna denta .i. ro fes conad e ícus intí doroine denta indlightecha frisin colainn, O'Curry 2160 ( Eg. 88, 4 ).

Compds. With noun. -ér(a)ic wergild : colainn-ēr(a)ic `Leichen-Bezahlung', Ir. Recht 14.13 . colannéric deoraidh do thabhairt inntu `die Tötungsbusse eines Ausländers', 68.3 . co colainderce cert `to the exact amount of the body-price', Bretha 23 . With Vn. claidem cruaidhgher colundledartha, Aen. 2499 . With adj. i mogal cháidh cholannghlan, Aithd. D. 76.7 .

cos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cos or dil.ie/12566
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cuis, cos, cas, coisi, cois, chaissi, chais, coss, chois, cosa, cossa, achossa, cossa, chos, chosaib

n ā, f. On d s. cuis, Thes. ii 245.36 (Cambr.) see GOI 48 . cos f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.11) . cas f., § 40 . (g s. coisi, d s. cois; proscribed forms: don chaissi , Decl. ex. 1124 . red chais (: glais), 1125 ).

(a) foot, leg (of human beings and animals): coss a cospite .i. ō eirptiud (.i. ō erlonn). Coss latine cosus .i. cos bruinde, O'Mulc. 246 . n s. coss gl. pes, Wb. 12a20 . 21 . 23 . a s. chois, Ml. 56b1 . n p. cosa, Tur. 65 . cossa, Wb. 12b4 . Ml. 111b14 . 126c17 . v p. achossa, Wb. 12a33 . a p. cossa, Ml. 111b17 . 89d14 . g p. chos, 126c16 . 138a2 . d p. chosaib, 126c17 . bithi cloi tria cossa, Blathm. 51 . fuil chuise `a wound on a foot', BCrólige 63 . cinta coisi trespasses (?), Laws ii 46.8 Comm. secht meóir cechtar a dá choss, TBC-LL² 1199 . bulli da choiss kick, MU² 880 . cor coise trip, Magauran 1192 . rogab a choiss fón chlerech, RC xiii 106.w (`a mark of respect', n.). mairg cois isa bond fa ṁbris, ACL iii 237 § 21 . coss chraind `a wooden leg', RC xiii 80 § 84 . cossa cinn ind eich forelegs, Cóir Anm. 125 . itir a da cois tona hind legs, Laws ii 240.4 Comm. do cois mairt (as weapon), RC xvii 406.9 (Tig.). cosa dunta webbed feet, Rosa Angl. 324.16 . cos dubh (a bird), Eg. Gl. 124 . ? do cach fior díob ba cuit choissi / lán a bhoissi do ghrán glan, SG 20.8 .

(b) stem, support, handle, shaft of various objects: huanaib cosaib hilignidib gl. lectulos . . . illigneis pedibus, Sg. 33b8 . atchiat insi . . . for óenchois on a single column, LU 1936 . delg ara cuirit[h]er a ch.¤ , Corm. Y 301 . sreth . . . di bretnasaib . . . ┐ a cosa isind fraigid pins, LU 1709 . luibne na mér na lāime, ┐ c.¤ eissib sūas ind rig, Corm. Y 447 . ainm lestair . . . ┐ a choss triana mhedón, Corm. 18 . adbur coisi in rama, Laws v 488.24 Comm. im chois a altoire, ii 120.8 (text printed as Comm.). foirchrédh a ch.¤ (of an ` escra )', Ériu xiii 41.13 . ailen . . . ┐ in muir . . . do cach aird uimmi acht oench.¤ eascra ind namma isthmus, CCath. 3412 v.l. See escra . amail didniu[s] side (i.e. an dos) in cois bis fai `stem', Laws v 28.2 Comm. fa chosuibh a caeimhleptha, Acall. 791 . c.¤ cech losa, Ériu ix 66.4 . fo cosoip fulaing na n-iudus `under the supports of the turrets', CCath. 3537 . feadh coisi casabhair, IGT Decl. ex. 949 . deargfa a chais nduinn (: bais) (of a spear), Magauran 3058 . buille dá chois (of a crozier), ZCP ii 556.19 .

(c) Metr. is cosin (c.¤ in?) ndīalt sōn, Corm. Y 447 (37.13) .

(d) infantry, foot-soldiers : sloig L. eter chois ┐ ech, ┐ choin, IT i 46.27 . eter cois ┐ cairptheach, Aen. 1179 .

(e) In phrases with prepp.: immáteged cách dia chuis (: nuis) on foot, LU 2994 . [a] chur dia chois `was . . . dismounted', AFM v 1780.12 . don choll gan chor dhá chosaibh without being felled, Duan. F. i 35.6 . da cois near him, TTebe 4206 . is mor maidm dober da chois `besides', Fen. 88.3 . bieit anamait foa chossaibsom gl. scabellum pedum tuorum, Wb. 32c13 . atabairt fuchossa gl. humiliatos . . . gentiles, Ml. 67c2 . fo chosaib aurdragh at the mercy of spectres, TBC-I¹ 453 . fa a chois, DDána 119.4 `níos lugha ná', Gloss. mucc ┐ ag fora coiss on the hoof, RC xiii 444 § 24 ( LL 37202 ). for a cois `standing' (of furze), Laws i 172.14 Comm. mo chíos bhróin rem chois dom chailg beside me, Rel. Celt. ii 236.11 . a gcinn le cois a gcána `as well as,' Content. xxvi . re cois aoise `except for his being old', xiv 24 . fiche bliadhain is bárr re chois `and more besides', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.21 . se fein dochuaid i cois in dilsidh `to watch the condemned prisoner', Laws v 486.7 Comm. muna frith slabrad eile do bertha fair, no nech eile do deachsa[d] ina cois is slan do sum . . . do dol ina cois to guard him(?), O'D. 443 ( H 3.17, 341 ). degla go rachadh cechtar aca a gcois a chonartha aran bfer eile `go back on the bargain', Ériu v 172.148 . do gheall . . . éiric . . . ┐ go rachdaois 'na chois evade it, Atlantis iv 186.36 . an geall[adh] thugamar . . . as nár linn dol na chois, RC x 345.17 . 'na chois `along with him', Auraic. 76 . da m-beinn-si do rer mo coisi . . . a muig `were I outside and at liberty', Celt. Rev. iii 302.6 . rotairisetar a n-inadaib a coss `they remained where they stood,' CCath. 5686 . ? bruth d'echaib . . . / do mnāi ra comlund a chuiss `racing . . . on foot', Fianaig. 48.20 .

Adv. cossaib tírmaib dryshod , SR 7679 . Ériu ii 198.10 . v 34.24 . cos i cois `a foot for a foot', Laws i 8.6 (Introd. to SM). cois (c.¤, v.l.) ar cois frisin marcsluagh foot to foot (i.e. in close combat), CCath. 5709 .

Prov.: cos fo coraith (of useless undertaking), Bürgschaft 30 § 81 . ni ar aonchois thainig Pattruic go hEirin i.e. I have another string to my bow, Luc. Fid. 4991 .

In n. loc. a n-dúthaigh Chois Daoile along the Deel, Hy Fiach. 334.2 ó Chois Machan, Keat. Poems 228 .

Compds. With nouns: d'eachaibh . . . ar n-a gcaischleas, Magauran 834 . im dibh coscolptaib dho `calves', CCath. 4663 . innacoschométide . . . costigthith (both gl. p[a]edago- gorum, with paed- taken as Lat. ped-), Wb. 9a11 . rogab a coiseitigh iar n-ichtar, Grail 1275 . cos galor, CS 256.3 . huachosglasaib gl. uinctos conpedibus, Ml. 83c10 . cual do coslámaib `a pile of arms and legs', Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.39 . Cf. fá cendchoslámaib na cath, 113.4 . cossogam .i. mera da laime ar son na feadh imon lurgain, Auraic. 5779 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí `thigh', TBC-LL² 4406 . cais-slighe chuige, Dán Dé vi 13 ` foot-road (?)', Gloss.

With adjj. a cná cosbuide, SG 347.23 . dam . . . coisfhiond (cossind, v.l.) white-legged, ZCP xiv 400.3 . ar dá n-echaib . . . cosscháela, TBC-LL² 2918 . go siobhlaidís . . . coslomnocht, RSClára 76a . C. coslūath, ZCP viii 118 § 18 . co herard . . . coslūthmar, MacCongl. 83.27 . ossé cossalach, LU 7767 `dirty-footed (?)', BDD2 Gloss. in t-ech aile . . . coseng, LU 6490 (TBC). With adj. derived from noun: baccaig ┐ coss-gallraig (as subst.), PH 4399 . i n-ecusc na Bhrathar Coslomh[nacht]a 'in the habit of the Discalced Friars', AI 392 (s.a. 1302.2).

dáilem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dáilem or dil.ie/14198
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dalem, bandalem, dalem, dáilea, dálemain, dailemain, dáilem, cuindig dig cot dalemna

n n & o, m. A drawer, a cupbearer. n s. dalem gl. caupo, Sg. 63 a 2 . bandalem gl. caupona, ib. 63 a 3 . dalem, O'Mulc. 427 . mac Dé ár ndálem, LL 29 b 50 . tánic in dáilem leisin corn, SG 240. 22 . dáilem ┐ doirseóir, Acall. 777 . dáileaṁ deighleanna, 23 E 26 p. 241 . PROV. ní bad d.¤ duit fer somesc, Tec. Corm. § 34 . g s. dáileman: durnaisci dalemon, O'Mulc. 326 . dorochair a escra...alláim in dáleman, TFerbe 198 . dáilim : Lifi ben Deltbunni dorchai dálim Chonaire, LL 137 b 26 . rogab gnímu dáilim do áirim a degdán, BB 382 a 6 = LL 156 a 48 (dalim). a s. áiliu laith áiliu dáilemain, Éigse xxxvii 77 § 6 . la Deltbanna la dalem Conaire, LL 159 a 28 ( RC xiii 260 ). d s. dáilea, TSh. 15. 10 ; 124. 20 ; 279. 14 . n p. dálemain ┐ deogbairi, BDD § 145 ( LU 97 a 39 ). sé dálemain ríg Temra, LU 92 b 9 . dailemain, ib. 54 a 49 . rannaire... dalemain, LL 29 b 47 . randaire do roind in bíd ┐ na dáilemain dá dáil inna corma, IT i 311. 2 f.b. SG 238. 5 f.b. Acall. 4607 . CRR § 13 . g p. dáilem : tricha dálem nosdáled LL 28 b 32 . a p. cuindig dig cot dalemna, LU 97 a 43 . faidhit daileṁain ┐ deoghṁairedha uatha, AFM v 1862. 7 . d p. conatecht dig coa dálemnaib, BDD § 146 (LU). do ronnairidhibh ┐ do dháileaṁnaibh, Keat. 5341 .

METAPH. A cup or ladle for distributing drink. dalem di glain for gach lestar, RC ix 468. 11 .

2 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dál or dil.ie/14345
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dálae, dála, dáil, dáil, dála, dálaib, dáil

n ā, f. g s. dálae, dála. a s. dáil. d s. dáil. pl. nom. acc. dála. d p. dálaib.—n s. later dáil.

I

(a) A meeting with (fri): bái oc frithairi na aidchi contuli tráth a dála, IT i 126. 19 . ticc iarum in ingen assa dáil, ib. 11 . ní arnicc Ailill a dáil, ib. 127. 18 . noco dernad ríu mo dál, ib. 224. 20 . Aas and nobidh a dalsom fri Creid, Anecd. i 14. 25 . dál itir Aedh ┐ Cathal, AU i 194. 2 . is truag in dál, TBC-LL¹ 4098 . dursan do dál dédenach, ib. 4036 (but dál, 3512 is probably the vn. of the preceding radáled). dálas dáil, Fianaig. 10. 5 . fil mo dáilse (mo dálsa l. 3 ) fris innocht, Hib. Min. 77. 21 . docein doroacht do dáil, Fianaig. 10 , 11 . inna cóic dáloi a ricfom .i. dál fri cneid dál fri bás dál fri muintir nDé dál fri demno dál fri hesérgi allaithiu brathæ, ZCP iii 455. 2 . atá ar ndal go ríg na roth, ib. vii 304. 12 . druim re deman dál re Dia, ACL iii 306. 10 . dail fria cnes fria caemchichi, LL 179 a 40 . dogén airius dála frib ann, PH 3008 . dál báis a meeting with death (cf. IV): co rosfargbais i ndáil báis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20. 8 . darsin ndáil i tiagsa .i. dál báis, RC xiii 387 . ria ndul i ndáil báis, MacCongl. 29. 26 ; 81. 11 . conid foichlidhi do cachæn in dal derb ┐ an dal inderb... .i. dail bais, Ériu v 120. 1 . dál éco ( = W. dadyl angheu) id. dochta do neoch dálas dáil facbas dáil néco fri láim, Fianaig. 10. 5 . Cf. da ttecmadh éc dála dam is ar méd grádha Gaoidheal, Reeves Ad. 288. 3 . Without qualifier: hi llaithiu dāla, Rawl. B 502 124 b 55 = ina ló dála, Fing. R. 261 . dál fo demi, v. 1 deime below.

(b) a hostile meeting, an encounter: tiagam issin dail sea do chosnam ind ḟir sea, TBC-LL¹ 3258 . techt i ndáil ailt Ulad is dal dia mbia pudar, ib. 3271 . ratfíat láich rat láma noco raga ar dála, ib. 3053 . dian a buille dond a dál, Metr. Dinds. ii 16. 4 . ... in debhaid dál adcíu, ACL iii 297. 1 (cf. bág atchíu, 294. 19 ), cf. 297. 7 . cia robói do dál ri nech robí do dál dedenach, TFerbe 453 . meni thæth...lemsa man dailse, CRR 8. 14 . gair ri dogur dál ri dimbuaid, ib. 44. 22 . LL 195 a 39 , 43 . ropsat liri a ndála ropsat láma trena, ib. 46 a 19 . gan dáil gan glíaid ZCP viii 229 st 7 . dáil glecach gonach, Cog. 158. 4 . dál díbeirge, Lec. 353 b 24 . druideamaoid na choinne san dáil, Oss. i 128. 3 . is nach cuibhe dhuit gan seasamh le Daolchiabh a ndáil, ib. iv 154. 28 . dob iomdha buille ┐ béim san dáil, Stowe-MS F iv a, p. 78. 6 . gur bhain lena chloidhiomh san treas deich ndála asa chorp caoindheas, ib. 9 . dál-ingabáil avoiding of battle MR 294. 17 .

prep do dáil towards, against : ná toraig dot dáil in bé thondgel, LL 147 a 6 . eirc...┐ finnta latt cid thacras Déicc diar ndáil, PH 1042 .

prep i ndáil n- (acc.) towards (cf. i comdáil n-, i coinne): co ti a ndrong im dhail sea, Gorm. Aug. 19 . totáisiu imbarach im dailsi, IT i 126. 17 (cf. l. 2 ). do fóidiudsiu im dailse, ib. 126. 25 . cía so thú dodeochaid im dáil, 127. 20 . dul it dail, 128. 1 . tinóilid a slóghu libh im dáil-si. CCath. 1358 . intan ba mithigh do dul ina dáil, IT 126. 6 . luid ina dailseom, 126. 20 (cf. l. 7 ). tráth a dála totaet Étáin ina dáil , 127. 16 . tic ina dáil, 127. 2 . ní bá rí noco tí nar ndáil, LU 119 b 11 . ní thíset nar ndáil, LL 308 b 1 . is mochergech in læch radáil nar ṅdáil, TBC-LL¹ 3296 . in fer thic it dail, ib. 3075 . techt i ndáil, ib. 3270 . tancatar...i ndáil in chatha to the battle TTr. 1841 . tair im dáil, Ériu v 223. 69 . rachaid misi a ndáil éga, Anecd. i 39. 17 . gan ergi ina dail, Fen. 234. 14 . Danuib ria [n]dess sair na dail (sc. the river Don), Rawl. 78 b 19 . tuic inní atá id dál, SG i 18. 40 . dul i ndail chuirp Christ, PH 5340 . ní doilge leiss dul na dáil andás i ndáil cech bíid chena, ib. 5348 . manip amlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta mori se, ib. 5349 . ar eagla feirge chur na ndáil, Oss. iii 282. 7 . rochuimhnigheas ar theacht am dháil, ib. 248. 11 . an dís úd ag teacht na ndáil, iv 96. 2 ; 254. 2 . asa dtigeadh nach iad na dháil, 126. 12 . tionól do bhuidhean ad dháil, 68. 2 . ag triall na dháil, 250. 7 .— triallaidh im dháilse na huile ṡanntuigheas me, TSh. 52. 7 (similarly 245. 18 ). tiocfad id dháil, ib. 4. 34 ; 74. 13 . fógair dhain teacht id dháil arna huisgib, 60. 24 . ag teacht na dháil, 66. 35 ; cf. 248. 21 . rachad i ndáil mathar féin, 244. 17 . gurab gan ḟios tiocfas i ndáil an duine, 74. 12 ; 74. 14 ; cf. 90. 7 , 192. 29 , 206. 2 , 244. 17 .

prep i ndáil (dat.) near, along with (cf. II), cf. i comdáil. Mod. i ndáil le near, Aran and W. Conn. ( GJ xxxii 128 ); in mod. MSS sometimes a ná le. im dhail ad dirim, Gorm. March 22 . Petar Subhne Seuer...co deghmin nar ndailne, ib. Jan. 11 . Perpetuus Cathub...nar ndailne, ib. Apr. 8 . sciath rígh Teabhtha seo na dáil together with it ZCP viii. 227 . im dáil: Fionn san ḟiann gan stad am dháil, Oss. iii 290. 16 . dá mairfeadh Conán am dháil, iv 22. 27 ( am chomhdháil, vi 14. 22 ). iv 80. 3 . it dáil: an bhfuil Fionn san ḟiann ad dháil, iii 248. 27 . ó tá truagh as taise ad dháil, iii 274. 27 . beidh ad dháil Aodh Beag, iv 74. 3 ; vi 26. 15 . (in)na dáil: rochuir chugam an tṡáith aráin as deoch na dháil and a drink together with it iii 278. 24 . is leor do ṡeanoir an phian mar atá as gan tuilleadh na dáil without adding to it iii 286. 3 . dothriall annsúd aran bhféinn Oscur as Aodh na dháil, iv 82. 18 . gan sluagh ná tóir na dháil, iv 120. 3 . ní iarann (sc. Dia) tóir catha go deó na dháil, iv 122. 22 . (in)nár ndáil: san ḟiann uile nár ndáil go dlúth, vi 10. 2 . dḟág sinn uile faoi gheasaibh na dtuile nár ndáil, vi 48. 10 . (in)na ndáil: gan teirce a bhfonn na ndáil, iv 140. 36 .

prep imm dáil n- around, near, along with: beit mom dáil cen dimbaig Cionia chaid, Gorm. Apr. 3 . beit móm dáil in dremsa, ib. Apr. 27 .

prep ó dáil away from: an ḟiann óm dháil ar cheal the fiann being gone from me Oss. iii 276. 2 .

II A meeting, conference, assembly, convention; a legal meeting, court . Often connected with 1 airecht, comthinól, 1 oenach, terchomrac, tochomrac. For -dál as a collective suffix see ban-dál. dál .i. airecht ut est robbé uas bar ndálaib ( = Fél. Ep. 63 ), O'Dav. 644 . dál as chomtig fri dáma, Thes. ii 329. 1 . Frequent in the Laws: caite dail? ní adgelltar .i. in leth ingellus neach dul ┐ muna dech biaid smacht urcraidi dala uad ... mada ndech noco nuil smacht urcraidi dala uad, Laws iii 330. 1 . fuírech i ndail i mbi ri, ii 128. 19 . do les dala nó airechta, ii 214. 17 . teora tomaltu ata córai do ríg fora tuaitha oenach ┐ dal do cundrech ┐ tocomrac do chrich, iv 332. 17 . co dail críchi búi la tri cenéla saera a territorial meeting i 78. 17 . athgabáil dechmaide fil...im cach ndail críche, i 192. 11 . im lot do aibinne .i. do suide dala thy convention seat i 170. 15 (cf. dál-ṡuide below). má teccmai líth laithe nó dail no thochomracc tuaithe, v 396. 21 (gl. l. 25 : dail .i. oenaigh). fri gell fri dail fri dígail, ii 268. 16 . bla dúnad dal, iii 240. 22 (cf. is immi conéirgitis fri dala ┐ dúnada RC xiii 373. 4 ). dal .i. in dal ima comtinoilter ann, Laws 25 Comm. . timtach fir is gnáth a ndáil, v 238. 19 ( .i. a ndail aonaig, ib. 242. 17 Comm. ). iar tiachtain dóib don dail ropritchad soscéla Críst dóib, i 14. 15 .— is fairsing a ṅdálsom, Fél. Oct. 28 . attecham na hóga doairset ar ṅdála, ib. Sept. 20 . robrúithea i ndálaib, ib. Prol. 33 . it ruama co ndálaib co cétaib co mílib, ib. 211 . noddlomaim fíad dálaib before assemblies, i.e. openly ib. 133 . robbe uas bar ṅdálaib, ib. Ep. 63 . addreset na degḟir...mor ndalaib, Gorm. Apr. 22 . is iatso ríg bátar isin dail sin, IT i 212. 26 . rohordaigeadh smachta ┐ rechta ┐ dligheadha... isin dail sin, ib. iii 198. 22 . Feis Temrach...┐ fir nÉrenn isin dail sin uili, ib. 198. 25 . nach dal ┐ nach oirecht con-rísar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210. 5 . terchomrac dagdaoine dala menci, Tec. Corm. 3 . fá ma nadhmolad fiad righaibh isnaib dálaib, ACL iii 294. 4 . ó dosnectar ina ndalaib, ib. 298. 3 , cf. ib. 294. 24 . is ferr (var. lect. maith) cech dal dia tic síd, LL 147 b 26 . (fir Hérend) i noenbaile ┐ i noendáil ┐ i noentochim, TBC-LL¹ 820 . intan nothéigmis don dáil, Festschr. Stokes 3. 12 . i ndálaib ┐ airechtaib ┐ i comthinoltaib læch ┐ clérech, FA 31 . isé dano (forcetul) nopridchad i mmórdáil fer nÉrend, ib. 32 . Ériu co nimad ndála (g s. or of 4 dál RC xxxvii 14 ) FDG 532 . dochumm na dála, Three Hom. 60. 14 . boi dail (sic) mor la Bretnu...luidsom don dail, Lism. L. 48. 3 . ocht neascoib deg ar tri cetaib isin dail sin, MacCarthy 284. 19 . egnaidh Insi Fáil do díth a dáil nGaeidheal, AFM ii 602. 12 . cen luige do thabairt fo dáil ar domun, PH 2684 . amal dogniat inna brécaire i ndálaib ┐ i ndairechtaib, ib. 5947 (cf. 6055 ).

aes dála advocates : mná nád éta urlabra .i. ná fuair aes dala, Laws v 252. 26 .

dál brátho, in dál mór the last judgment : bid mou a onóir i ndail bratha, PH 1601 . is imalle ticfat i ndáil brátha, ib. 1652 . co nérius fén...i mórdáil lai brátha, ib. 3444 . bidat marthanaig...co mórdáil bratha, FA 6 . co tí in dál már, ACL iii 313. 17 .

III A law-case, a cause, case; a dispute, controversy (W. dadl debate, dispute): dal .i. caingin ut est dal dia ngetar a mbrugh .i. is caingin dia ngetar, O'Dav. 586 . ó bus tar muir ticfa dacra a dala a roga brethemon i nÉirinn dó, Laws i 6 22 . isé is fiadh naise imna dálaib ima fuiglither he is witness in the cases which are decided H 3. 17, O'D. 580 . aes dála advocates , see II. dala ile fri aes cerd, RC xxvi 40. 1 . is amnus dam beith isin dail sin itir dia ┐ duine, Laws i 6. 25 . imodcuiri fein it [d]alaibh act for thyself in thy causes IT iii 200. 29 . is mór nodcuiri ┐ nodgabai féin id dhalaib, ib. 201. 1 . nír bo chucumsa robo chóir dál inna caurath sin do thabairt, FB 56 . bretha córa for cach dáil ised dlegair do cach ríg, Rawl. 158. 9 . gan dáil gan gliaid gan gaisgead, ZCP viii 229 . na tagra a dáil co fergach, ZCP vi 271. 24 . dál do gleod to settle a controversy, decide. bid aingcess la hUltu in dal so do gleod FB 16 . ní gleter dála lasna Déisi acht ind aidchi, Trip. 208. 23 . noglédís dála, Leb. Cert. 6 . ar ndemnigud a ndála ┐ ar cinniud a caratraid, TTr. 1764 . court : cuisnit .i. cosnait .i. cosnam dala no cos na dála forsa nairisethair in dálaige, Corm. s.v. cuisnit .

IV

(a) A judgment, decree, sentence, award, ordinance, law , decision ( legid dam-sa ar dail, Fen. 182.8 . ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698 . Cf. is mor dogni d'imrateib, 1694) : dáil .i. dlighedh. gach uile dail tobhaigh is maortigherna, H 3.17 , p. 167 . ni techtat for dail is for dail a ndligid ( .i. is for dail na haili ata doib ani dlegait, 146. 11 ), Laws i 144. 22 . Similarly 146. 10 . dál Dé, SR 3891 . do ḟochmarc a dhála imon caingin sin, IT iii 200. 27 . ná rop guach do dál, LL 148 a 30 (= KMMisc. 260 st 6 ). ná rop dál co nattail, ib. 147 a 53 . conid sí dál forsṅdesid, ib. 163 a 45 . iar ndáil dligid, ib. 163 b 2 (= Todd Lect. vii 4. 28 ). ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, ib. 209 a 53 . corbom etal risin dáil, ib. 374 c 19 . roptis fíra mo dála, ib. 307 b 28 . ní theilgset dáil ná dliged, 10 b 18 . rachunig ba fír in dál: a ainm arin cnocc comlán, Metr. Dinds. ii 72. 11 . meni digius guigfitir dala fer ┐ fírfaitir briathra ban, TBC-LL¹ 560 . in dáil adcluine así in cóir, Acall. 599 . da tísadh fo breith dála, ib. 2384 . is ann cachain in dail nasdadha do Gaidelaib, RC xii 116 . fuirech re dál rígh nime, ZCP vii 301 . mesrugud for dalaib Dé ní tarda nech for bith cé, ib. vii 307. 12 . i tucsin dála na ndéi ┐ derritiusa nimi robui sen, CCath. 998 . in cogar dorigneabair léigid damsa ar dáil, Fen. 182. 8 .—Prov. ferr dála ina deabaid, ZCP vi 260. 18 . dál báis sentence of death (cf. I above). tucsat dal (dail LL 299 b 45 ) báis ( dáil mbáis, CS 26. 10 ) forsin ríg, LU 118 b 35 ( Trip. 566. 25 ). tucsat na dúle dáil báis do Loegaire, LL 299 b 40 .—Here also: dal a talione .i. o eruic ...dal didiu arindi asrenar do cach iarna ngním, O'Mulc. 291 .

(b) an agreement, a contract, covenant; espousals; betrothal: dála gl. ceart daingin orra, Eg. Gl. 243 . dála .i. mionna, O'Cl. naidm a cor ┐ a ndála, TBC-LL¹ 2249 (YBL). dúle Dé darstánic dáil, Bor. 40 . dosgní didiu Concobur a dail (betrothal) le Subaltaine, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43 § 6 . na deun banais iar ndáil o thús corghais go mioncháisg, Donlevy 116. 14 (with solemnity Donl.; with solemnity or public proclamation, as of marriage Dinneen s.v. dáil ; with this meaning still in use in Donegal).—Cf. athair dála he that delivers the bride or bridegroom to be married P. O'C. , the bridegroom's man O'Br. dáil statute, treaty, contract, covenant, alliance P. O'C.

V (a) A case, matter, affair, state, condition, circumstance : in dail eile fores é a leth acobar a geill aga fuasluga, Laws i 282. 27 . rofitir Ádam a dáil, SR 2029 . ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic, FB 58 . inniss dam gach dal ret leass co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123. 16 . dal bróin is milti do Moen, LL 33 a 32 . sírechtach dál in bith cé, Ériu v 211. 5 . scarad friu bid dál éicne, ib. 210. 1 . ingnad dal (cheville) RC xiii 74. 3 . dál cen séna (chev.), ACL iii 295. 15 . dál arcanai (cf. mod arcanai, 298. 5 ), ib. 297. 11 . dál nad bine, ib. 15 . is dál deimin, ib. 28 . conad hé a saebforcetul sin fodera dósum dúscad cacha drochdála MR 166. 23 . innsaigeas hua Ainmirech im dáil nach dlig, ib. 158. 6 . ór thaitnid frim do dhála the manner of thee (O'Gr.), Acall. 645 . rob olc a ndála ┐ robuaildis mná, Anecd. i 46. 16 (D). in dails[e] ga trialltar lib, Fen. 350. 17 . uair is minic fásus irchóit desnadudh ┐ dimḟuirech na ndál nurlumh dogrés from delaying and procrastinating things always prepared CCath. 551 . do rédugad ┐ dordugad dhál eglasdacdha, ALC i 262. 29 . ná len don dáil fora tái do not persist in the course you are pursuing Aen. 580 . iar ccríochnucchadh a dhál ndoṁanda don iarla having settled his worldly affairs AFM vi 2234. 30 . iar ccor dal niomdha na leith having brought many other charges against him ib. 2142. 21 . gan dáil a rochtain for ccúlaibh without knowing whether they should ever return ib. 2358 , cf. mar nách biadh dáil imthechta aca, Celt. Rev. iv 206 . dobeir (cuirid) for dáil mbicc he makes little account of: doradsom for dáil mbicc ┐ for neiṁní fuighle na nuasal AFM vi 2124. 25 . rogabsom for neiṁsnim do denam de ┐ ica chur for dail mbicc ┐ for neimfni to treat it as a small matter CCath. 5014 . — tuc a ḟis lat gach dál fora mbiat, Marco P. 97 . iseadh is dáil dona mnáib this is the way with women Keat. ii 5323 . an fíreolas atá aga seanchadhaibh ar dhálaibh a sean, ib. i 104. 12 . dáil na foirne áitigheas í (sc. in críoch), ib. i 2. 4 . da madh linn gach ní ar domhan...folamh ár ndáil fa dheireadh, TSh. 167. 8 . do bhrígh gurab ionann bhur ndál, 105. 14 . ní thuigid ...gurab ionann dál don duine ┐ don ghort bheantar, 73. 24 ; similarly 4. 7 ; 4. 15 ; 7. 21 ; 21. 32 ; 65. 14 . dáil an pheacaidh, ib. 260. 8 . is iontuigthe gurab saobh an dáil don druing, 130. 11 . nó fós dáil na speile ag buain an ḟeoir, 73. 26 . ni hiongnadh an cholann do bheith tréith ré méid a duaidh ┐ a doghrainge óna dálaibh sin for these reasons 82. 24 . is minic ṁothuighmid duadh na dála sin ag buain rinn féin, 84. 18 . don druing rér bhean dochar na dála so, 152. 5 . gan anacal air ná dáil chabhra na chionn, 31. 25 . ionnus nach bí dáil chabhra na chionn, 254. 28 . dál nóentuma lot of virginity Metr. Dinds. ii 58. 12 . Probably here: intan rosiacht cusna dála dédenchu do when his last hour had come PH 6602 (but cf. deden-dal the last tryst); cf. s.v. déidenach, dídenach. Personified: slán riot a Ḟinn...slán riot a ṡárdháil na gcríoch, Oss. iii 256. 7 .

don dáil sin by this occurrence, on that account ML 8. 28 .

ó nach dáil innach dáil in any way: is nemphní ┐ is nemada lind tregdad in talman ó n.d. (o nach nd. R), Alex. 859 . ní chuindig nech fortacht o [a]raile innach dail (o nach mudh R), Alex. 845 . i ndeired na dála at the end, finally , a common modern idiom. Trí Préach. 7 . Páidín 15. 22 .

(b) circumstance, event, adventure, course, story : tánac dia innisin duitsiu mo dala chucutsu siar, LU 41 a 1 . is fuilled nága dála in da ingen, LL 297 b 3 . admaim ar in rechtaire a dhala in chlaidib the story of the sword IT iii 201. 28 . oca iarfaigid cindus douicemni dála geni Críst, LB 139 a 8 . Crístt mac Muire mó gach dáil (d sg.) ZCP vii 303. 19 . roinnis Fionn dóib dáil an echtra sin, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 206 .

prep fo dáil, fo dála as regards, concerning : rochuir techta uadha go Cormac fo dháil na corma, ITS vii 61. 33 . fáitsine do dénam don ríg fo dala a ingeni, ML 154. 11 .

prep im dáil, im dála: dochuatar i comairle im dáil Stephain LB 229 b 7 . innis daṁ an ḟírinne um dáil an ṁacaoiṁ ITS v 164. 6 . nimdana...imma dala mo degríg, SR 2070 . is de bói in comthinól sin occo im dála na creitmi, LU 117 b 23 . nuchumtha ní rádim de im dala mic Deichtire, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 1484 . gnísit comuirle im dalai and óglaich, RC xii 80. 9 . um dala reatha na gréne, ib. xiv 365 . dorala do Andromacha aslinge dúaigh do ascain im dala a fir, TTr.² 1128 . mina abarthi fír frium im dála in chroind roḟalchubar, LB 232 a 22 . ata ingantus...acainde imat dalasu cindus rucad tu asin carcair, ib. 224 a 58 . indisidh in scél cétna im dála in claidib, IT iii 201. 30 . asin libar rosscríb imm dála na caingene fuil acaib, PH 21 . amal roscrib...imm dalai paisi ┐ césta himáigine Crist, ib. 28 . inní rofaillsig Dia dam im dála chuirp Stepháin, ib. 1487 .

Often only dála: dala immorro Eochada, IT i 122. 11 (= TE 8 , Eg.). dála na dá bhanchaointe, TBC-LL¹ p. 879 n. dála Ḟinn dobhér sgeula ós árd, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 66 . dála an abbadh, TSh. 140. 1 . dála ríogh na Sorcha, ITS x 82. 5 ; 110. 8 , cf. ib. 76. 30 ; 84. 11 ; 88. 1 ; 92. 15 ; 114. 21 ; 170. 28 . Keat. ii 47 , 253 , 363 , 1262 , 3098 , 6071 , &c.

do dálaib: bae in rí fo glámaib gné: do dálaib a aislingthe, SR 3278 . do dalaib ind escra sin, ib. 3580 , is derb ní tuilter do de: do dálaib na comrainne, LL 14 b 14 (= do dhaltaib, BB 42 a 26 ).

VI Astrol. a conjunction : dail go soirb re seachtmad, MS. Mat. 72 .

PERS. Gilla na nóg mac Dál-re-dochair, ALC 1281 . LOC.: Cnoc na Dála, Dinds. 132 . Cnoc Dála, Sliab Dála, P. O'C.

COMPS. generally = meeting, assembly .

(a) attáil another meeting, another decision, ban-dál, dam-dál, deden-dál, deg-dál, dóer-dál, droch-dál, écen-dál, gó-dál, grían-dál, min-dál, mór-dál, olc-dál, ríg-dál, ro-dál, tiug-dál;

(b) dál-luc, dál-ṡuide, dál-tech, q.v.—MOD. dáil, g s. dála. i ndáil towards. dála as regards. dálta, dáltha mar just as.

do-foscai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-foscai or dil.ie/17683

Forms: d., toderasa, dosroisecht-sa, domroisechtatar, toischid

v (* to-oss-saig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 608 , cf. GOI p. 53 ) supports, nourishes, keeps, preserves. Indic. pres. 3 s. d.¤ escra Druim Lethan daglaith the goblet . . . preserves good ale (?), Anecd. i 14.9 . Rel. criss ān aurlasair (i.e. the Torrid Zone) d.¤ iltorad talman which nourishes the varied fruits of the earth, Ériu ii 110 § 30 . Perh. also: hūasal trínóit donfosca, Hy. vi 5 (perh. to be referred to do-fíuschi). ? Subj. pres. 3 s. (with -ro-) ni ḟodhmad broinn ainfen[e] acht aes toderasa `save people who can retain it (?)', Ériu xii 20 § 25 (see p. 62). Perf. 1 s. dosroisecht-sa co lléir im bossán I put it up diligently in my pouch, TBFr. 331 . 3 pl. céin ropridchos doib it macidónii domroisechtatar who supported me, Wb. 17c1 .

Vn. toischid.

This verb and do-coisig are later replaced by 1 taiscid (vn. 2 taiscid), taiscigid, and taisigid, q.v.

2 escar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 escar or dil.ie/20437

Forms: eascar

n o, m. IGT, Decl. § 17 . a cup, goblet: eascar a cup, goblet P. O'C. caire dabach esgar ian, Cóic Con. 45.9 (= escra , Laws i 134.11 ). roinn easgar n-ōir, IGT, Decl. ex. 762 . easgar airgid nó bleidhe béildearg óir, TSh. 486 . Cf. escra .

1 escop

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 escop or dil.ie/20477

n (< Lat. scyphus) a large vessel or measure for wine: escup fina no mela, Laws iii 426.25 Comm. escop fina .i. escra .i. æs a ghob asin tsesra, O'Dav. 790 . epscop fina isna Muirbrethaib .i. escra tomais fína le ceandaighaib Gall ┐ Franc, Corm. Y 539 .

escra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. escra or dil.ie/20480
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: esgra, t-escrai, escrai, escra, esgradh

n m. esgra, IGT, Decl. § 2 . a vessel for dispensing water, wine, or other liquids (apparently intermediate in size between a large jar and a drinking cup, but small enough to serve as the latter occasionally): escra .i. core mbis ag dail usci, Corm. Y 565 . escra tomais fīna, 539 . escræ .i. ab æs ┐ ærea .i. uma-dailem, 569 . escræ o ess ┐ ære, O'Mulc. 427 . escra .i. soithech, ┐ deifir eitir eascra ┐ cingit .i. cos gairit asin escra ┐ cos fada asin cingit, ZCP xvii 267.20 . escre ł sciathrach gl. scutras, Études Celt. xxii 211 § 35 . quoddam argenteum vasculum unde potentibus personibus potus hauriri soleat quod hybernica lingua vocatur escra , Acta Sanct. 172 . bó bainne domite a bleoghan a n-escrad da orlach dec, Laws ii 176.17 Comm. dorochair a escra féig finn-argait al-láim in daleman isin dabaig, TFerbe 198 . in t-escra , BColm. 52.29 . cilarn umha a laim dhi, eascra arguit isin laimh eli a pitcher...a goblet RC xiv 46.20 . dabach aircid...escrai oir fora ur, copan di ór for a beolai, MS. Mat. 619.8 (= ZCP iii 459.23 . escra ...airideog, xiii 373.6 ). in t-escrai orda, 619.25 (= ZCP iii 460.17 ). co ngeibed in n-escra, co ndaled isna curnu RC viii 150.15 . adbert Ioseph...escra in airdrigh do thobairt i mesc sacraigi na Candanda, YBL 64b16 = escrai nargait, 287b20 . esccra nargait, LB 116b10 = scyphum... argenteum Gen. xliv 2 . g s. ind escrai-se, SR 3584 . don fleisg bís re beal in escra , O'Dav. 884 . flaithemh oen-escra (a designation of rank), Laws iv 344.4 . cos escrae the shank of a goblet (fig.) O'Mulc. 464 . a c[h]os escra , Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 71.3 = Bruchst. § 73 . cos escradh, O'Gr. Cat. 91.6 . abartach escrai (a kind of dispenser), Triads 231 . pl. escra , Laws iv 322.2 . Marco P. 72 . na miasa ┐ na hescradha, 52 . esgradh, TFrag. 8.11 . eirgidh foireann...cosna tunnaibh ┐ eascrada dimhora do dergor léo...┐ linaid cuach nó cupa asna heascraibh sin... do gach aon, Marco P. 79 . rogabad fledol...leo a cornaib ilbreca ecoir ┐ a hescraib forórdaib, YBL 329b31 = TMoméra 160 . d'easgraibh óir, TD 25 § 19 . g p. ced eascra n-airgit fri dail leanna, MR 56.23 = FDG 474 .

féig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féig or dil.ie/21474
Last Revised: 2013

adj i (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 490 ), in orig. sense used apparently of vision and of things visible.

(a) of sight, seeing, keen-sighted: corop féig rosc for n-anma (gl. illuminatos oculos cordis vestri) Wb. 21a9 . nephsuilig .i. neph-fegi (gl. minus oculati) Ml. 42d8 . `feigh' fairgsionach, Metr. Gl., D 37 . feig .i. qui figit visum in creaturis , O'Mulc. 503 . ni cuitbe ... dall ciarba ḟ.¤ `though you are keen-sighted' Tec. Corm. § 12.7 . Possibly also (of evil eye) penetrating Celtica xxiv 16 .

(b) of objects of sight, clear, luminous: escra f.¤ finnargait, TFerbe 198 . a thir ... fénach f.¤ ` lucent ' Metr. Dinds. ii 10 = LU 4123 (possibly a vb. here; see fégaid).

(c) of sounds shrill, piercing: osnada fégi, Fél., Ep. 326 . cuislenna féighe forbartacha, Acall. 7056 .

(d) of weapons, etc. keen, sharp: féigh .i. gér, O'Cl. (but see below, Adv.) faga féig fobartach, LU 6562 . TBC-I¹ 2047. 3249 . faga feig fobarta, TBC-LL¹ 2738. 5313 . rop scíath fri foébra fégi, Hy v 97 . saigti fegi, Cog. 158.16 . i suaineamnaiph a fogad feig, CCath. 5552 .

(e) of animals: dá ech ... até ... fégi, LU 9259 . tri .lll. gabur ... itté ... fegi, 6911 ( BDD 51 ).

(f) fig. of mental and moral qualities, etc., keen, penetrating, acute: (prohibited to a breithem :) gen beith féigh fethamail ..., Irish Texts iv 26z . bad léir, bad f.¤ a chubus, Ériu iii 96 § 1 (with gl. .i. grinn, p. 110 ). scel feigh forsgaithi ingenious (?) Anecd. ii 42.12 . frecmharc ḟéigh ḟéthamhail, Ériu xiii 25.8 . lucht na foghluma feighi (: grēne), Lism. L. 4562 . keen, stringent: fuigli féigi ... filed, MR 194.2 . smacht f.¤ , Ériu iv 94 § 11 . Rechtaid rochaith fichit f.¤ LL 128b26 (`spent twenty vigilant [years]' MacCarthy 184.2 (or is it a vb. here ? See fégaid). Intense, sharp, passing into sense of fierce: féigh .i. amnas no feochuir, O'Dav. 886 . ba feig ┐ ba forgranda in feghad dobert cach for a ceile dib IT i 273 ( FB 40 , Eg.). dorat comrac féig fichda dó, TFerbe 231 . ro cuirestair comlond feig feochair, Cog. 194y . forccomh feigh fíoramhnus do phíce, AFM vi 2114x . Of persons: atconnarc ... budin fég fírālaind, LL 267b42 ( MU² 761 ). foglaid f.¤ , Fél.² lxxxix. 33 . áes feig forúallach, TBC-I¹ 1658 . AFM v 1850.1 . míairle ind óesa feigh foruallaigh, Hugh Roe 248y (f. 66b) . Cf. bethi uli fri fessa feig | hirrichtain lessa Ioseiph, SR 3083 . As sobriquet: file ..., Foachtach fégh a ainm, Ériu xiii 46.15 (= Feigh, ZCP vii 300 ). (Adv.) fegsat filid Fail ... | fenchas co feigh, Laws i 32x . rosfreacair go feigh (.i. co ger), Leb. Gab.(i) i 44 (this may be the source of O'Cl., cited under d, above). manip co feigh fessara | cisa ... unless he know distinctly ZCP iv 237.12 = Leb. Cert. 236.4 . innisit ... co féicch ` distinctly ' AFM ii 962.8 . labhraidh go fēigh, L. Cl. A. B. 269.46 . co fergach fegh, Aen. 914 . Superl.: cia fegam ranac, YBL 411c25 (= féighe, Tec. Corm. vi ).

Compds. with adj.: ¤buide: urla fegbuide bright yellow TBC-LL¹ 1375 . ¤seng keen and graceful: sluag féig-ṡeng Fáil LL 142b15 . fer ... feigseng (: Érenn), Leb. Gab.(i) i 94.3 (= feígṡeng, LL 6b39 . feidhṡeang, BB 28a53 . With subst.: ¤bríathar: feighbriathra fithnaise, Anecd. ii 65.13 . ¤forcsiu scrutinizing: co ndechaid ... dia fegforcsin, RC xxiv 274 § 5 = dia fegfegsin, BB 258a26 . ¤fuil (?): frossa fégfola, SR 8034 .

fo-álgi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-álgi or dil.ie/22354
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: foalgim, fálgi, falgai, failgai, fosnálaig, forálaig, foralaig, fosrolaich, fomm álagar, failgifitis, falgitis, -falguide, fálg-, fáilg-

v ( fo-ad-luig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 572 ). Ind. pres. 1 s. foalgim Sg. 146b14 . 2 sg. fu fálgi , Ml. 108c12 . 3 s. falgai (protot. for deuterot.) LU 8353 ( FB 24 ). ? subj. pres. 2 s. [sic Strachan, VSR 118 ] failgai si, SR 8239 . pret. and perf. 3 s. fosnálaig, LU 1805 . forálaig, Ml. 123b9 . foralaig, 43d5 . ? fosrolaich (-rolaic v.l.) Hy ii 62 . Pass. pres. s. fomm álagar, Sg. 146b14 . PCr. 60b5 . sec. fut. 3 pl. no failgifitis (v.l. na falgitis ), gl. consternarentur Lib. Hymn. i 72.41 ( Goid. 69.3 ). pret. pl. -falguide, Laws iv 16.2 (see Ériu xii 199 ). In Mid. Ir. generally treated as simple vb., stem fálg-, fáilg-; pret. forms hard to distinguish from fo-léci or fo-luigi. Vn. fálgud, q.v.

Lays low, prostrates, throws down: fufálgi siu inna naimtea, Ml. 108c12 . ? rofailgestar .i. dosrat inna ligu, Thes. ii 320.33 (gl. fosrolaich, Hy ii 62 ). fosnálaig som a [ceol] ... co ara bárach laid them low (in sleep) LU 1805 ( RC ix 488 ). fodoralaid [leg. -rálaig ?] féin for lár | anim Ádaim, SR 2189 . cf. forrolaid in gaeth ... a puplu, BB 496a36 ( IT ii2 101 ). Both these exx. may belong to for-cuirethar, q.v. dia rosalgid [da rusfailgid v.l.] pailm dó when palms were strewn Ériu ii 198z . bátar fir óir ┐ argit inna láim. dobert a mér for dís fa thríar díb condaforlaig int airinech buí ara bélaib, LL 289a47 ( SG 313.5 . RC xiii 444 . CMMucr. 107 n.118 ); of a game of chess: `struck the chamber's panel' O'Gr.; `so that the front rank [of chessmen] was hidden' Stokes: so that ... fell, was knocked down (reflex.) ? falgai betho borrbuidne lays low the world's boisterous bands LU 8353 ( FB 24 ). rofailgid ... curpa curatai, Alex. 22 . ros failgetar belgi ┐ mendudai ... a námut dia reir, 200 . failgebe in t-iarthar .i. Eoraip thou shalt overthrow 91 . r[o]ḟolaig Gaillu, LL 184a14 (ḟolaig in marg.) = Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 31 . cenmotha a forlaig dint slúagh olchena, TTr.² 1381 . In impers. construction: fonrālaig mairb mesctha mir | do dālaib ind escra sin we are struck dead, dismayed, distracted SR 3579 (cf. 2189 , cited above). fosrālaig (: sáraig) cen rige ruad [Saul's children] were left low without kingship 6541 .

Cf. fáilgid.

2 fordul ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fordul ? or dil.ie/23565
Last Revised: 2013

ind áile [leg. áiliu] esgra ... foirchrédh a chos, mes a f.¤ , Ériu xiii 41.14 , hence: f.¤ .i. dar liumsa is ainm don fleisg bis re bēal in escra , O'Dav. 884 (the wooden handle across a pail or similar vessel ?) ? = 1 fordul, Éigse xxxvii 88 .

1 Gall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 Gall or dil.ie/25308
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Gollu, Golla, gaillu, gullu, gulla, Gulla

pn o, m. a p. Gollu, Golla, AU 1026 . gaillu, LL 184a12 . gullu, Cog. 110 n. 2 ; gulla, Lism. L. 202 . v p. Gulla, IGT Decl. ex. 681.

(a) Oldest meaning a Gaul : Gaill .i. Frainc. Gaill dano ainm do ... ṡaerc[h]landaib Franc .i. tribus Gallie , Corm. Y 683 . Labraid for a loinges hi tirib Gall, RC xv 299 ( Dinds. § 9 ). dolluid Forgall Manach ... amail bítís techta ríg Gall, RC xi 438.25 (Tochm. Em.). marggad mór na nGall ngrécach, Metr. Dinds. iii 24.307 . epscop fīna ... .i. escra tomais fīna la ceandaighaib Gall ┐ Franc, Corm. Y 539 . Ériu iii 140.173 . a tuirc óir a tírib Gall, LL 49b40 = Hail Brigit § 11 . In pl. used as a place-name : i ndesciurt Etale ... sed verius ... i[n] Gallaib itá, Thes. ii 311.32 .

(b) a Scandinavian invader (finn-gaill being the Northmen , dub-gaill the Danes ) : Niall Glundubh ... co torchair i cath Atha-cliath la Gallaibh, MacCarthy 404.22 . co Galliathaib na nGall .i. co Ámlaib ... rig Lochlainne, CRR § 7 . Roiniudh for Gallu Locha cuan, AU 942 ; 1026 . Brian ... ardrī Gall ocus Gāedel, ZCP viii 120.1 . ar slanaib ... Turcaill righ Gall, BCC § 435 ; § 373 . Ard Macha do orgain ... la Gallaibh, ┐ ní ro hoirgedh la heachtarchenela riamh go sin, AFM i 444.9 . ? dord gaill iar nderach a bárc, ib. 272.8 . Dánfhocail 271 .

(c) an Anglo-Norman, an Irishman of Norman descent, an Englishman : Díarmait Gall, IGT Decl. ex. 641 . a Gulla Fáil, ex. 681 . langfiter ... .i. glas na nGall, Corm. p. 26 . (Cf. langp[h]eitir .i. anglis insein, Corm. Y 812. ) slóiccheadh lá hUilliam ... de Lathi ... ┐ lá gallaibh Midhe, AFM iii 268.13 . gabháltas Gall the Norman Invasion, Keat. ii 4840 . Fine gaoidel senghoill féin `the old English themselves,' O'Gr. Cat. 467.11 . sduagha do gheibhthe re Goll (of a castle) arches that used to be found with the foreigner (i.e. built in Norman style ?), DDána 119.16 . Applied to the Geraldines, Ériu ix 164 § 12.

(d) a foreigner : fer doberait gaill amach, Laws v 244.18 gl. o luibib gall, 84.6 Comm. cin a gall ┐ a deoraidh, O'Curry 290 ( H 3.18, 159 ). scrisfaid siad goill ┐ allmaruidh a hErind, BCC § 127.

(e) Hebridean : a Ghallmhaoir ó thuinn go tuinn | fleasga donna an díaigh an Ghoill, Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 13 (NLS 72.2.2 fo. 16) . fiarfaighthior ’nar fearann dúthaigh | dénamh na loingi, a fhlaith Gall, Bard. P. 172 § 15 . Compds. ¤assa a Gaulish sandal : a p. gallasu (gl. gallicas= caligas, Vulg.), Thes. i 497 ( Ardm. 178b2 ). ¤at foreign helmet , IT iii 100 § 171 . ¤bádach partial to foreigners (?) : comairleda ... guthmilse gallbadhacha in ghlaniarla `prompted by inherent leaning to the English,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 26.37 . ¤baile a foreign stead : ZCP ii 339.34 . gallbailti gan galldacht, Studies 1920, 416.z . IGT Decl. ex. 1915 . ¤bélre foreign speech, later English speech: sluag guillbelrai, Fen. 222.10 . can latin, acht gall-berla, ZCP xviii 12 , note. milc ... focul gallberla, O'Dav. 1215 . gen cor smuain guth Gaillberla, Irish Texts ii 14 § 27 . ¤biail a foreign (i.e. Scandinavian) axe : O'Dav. 532 . .iiii. sgribaill .x. is fiu in gaillbiail .i. in crostuadh lethan, O'Curry 241 b ( H 3.18, 136 ). slicht gall-bela, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374a ). See Manners and Customs iii 29 . ? ¤blach, IT iii 99 § 163 . ¤brat foreign booty : ? nímo gradh gallbraide, ib. 95.1 . ¤bróc foreign shoe : Guaire na ngallbrocc, ib. 101 § 179 . ¤cerd name given to the Scandinavian sport of tossing children on spears, V. SS. Hib. i 164 § xxxiv (v.l. gialcherd); cf. p. xxii n. 4 . ¤cliar: an ghaillchliar the Reformed clergy , Mac Aingil 4297 ¤cloch ` foreign castles ,' Studies 1920, 416.2 . ¤cochal a Norse hood , KMMisc. 364.9 . ¤cú: Gallchū immorru in forainm ┐ is de atā dia ro marb in mīlig tucad do breith einig fear Muman coro marb cona fhiaclaib amal gallchoin iaruschain (iaroschain, v.l.) a airm uili, Corp. Gen. 377 n. k-k (BB, Lec.) .​​​ As npr m.: Gallchū, Rawl. 151b40 . ¤cúirt foreign palace , Studies 1924, 242.2 . ¤dírna a foreign dírna (i.e. weight), O'Dav. 679 . ¤écosc Gaulish garb: doluid Forcoll M. ... isna Gaillecuscaib, ZCP iii 246 § 57 . ¤écoscda of foreign appearance: cloidemh mor gaillecasgda, TBC-LL¹ 5478 (St.). ¤espoc a foreign bishop: ag an ngaillespuc, ALC i 242.28 . ¤focal: dot dhíon ar ghallfhocal ghall the pledged word of the English (i.e. Punica fides), O'Gr. Cat. 485.8 . ¤fothannán the herb bearsbreech or bearsfoot , RC ix 227.21 . O'Gr. Cat. 184.30 . ¤fuil foreign blood: easbaid Goill ó gleo an Mullaig | ód roinn sa gleo ar an Gallfhuil, Irish Texts ii 60 § 24 . ¤ga a foreign javelin, an English spear , IGT Decl. ex. 967 . AU ii 212.22 . ¤gabul: ? gréas gach gall-ghabhla (from description of a building), DDána 119.33 . ¤glas a foreign lock , Laws i 142.12 Comm. ¤góidel one of mixed race, i.e. Viking and Irish blood . For an account of the Gall-Goidil see RC xxxix 176 - 177 (Sommerfelt); TFrag. 138 n. ; Bidrag, p. 4 seq.; Watson, Celtic placenames of Scotl., 172 seq. In the Annals the word is used of inhabitants of Ireland only between 855 and 858 (Sommerfelt, loc. cit.). In TFrag. 138 (an. 857) the name is applied to the Irish who had adopted Viking ways and relapsed into paganism. Cf. also ib. 232. cocadh mor etir Gennti ┐ Maelsechnaill co n-Gallghoidelaibh leis, AU i 364.x ; ib. 366.8 . loingius na nGall-nGaoidheal (sic) .i. Scuit iad ┐ daltai do Normannoibh iad, TFrag. 128.8 . AFM i 490.8 (an. 856). gic-goc Gallgaidhel, Anecd. ii 72.6 . inghean ríogh Gallghaedheal, Keat. ii 5540 . Used of inhabitants of western Scotland: téit iarum Donnan in Gallgaidelu ┐ geibid aitreb ann (where apparently the island of Eigg is meant), Fél. 116.13 . Bláán .i. Balaan (sic) epscop Cinn Garad hi nGallgaidelaib (Bute), ib. 184.28 . As a place-name connoting Galloway: Suibne mac Cinaedha, ri Gallgaidhel, AU i 568.z (an. 1034) ; ii 234.1 (an. 1200); ii 290.17 (an. 1234). Toirberd mac Gall Ghoeidhil, ALC i 242.25 (an. 1210) = mac righ gallgaoidhel, AFM iii 164.13 . Samaisc ┐ Artúr ┐ Ínber tri meic rig Gallgaeidel anall, AS 4560 . Bressal mac Eirge, mac ríg Gallgaeidel anall, ┐ taissech teglaig rig Eirenn he, ib. 7951 . Watson seeks to explain the form Galloway, Celtic placenames of Scotl. 174 . ¤gruaim: ó ghall-ghruaim a nglóir, A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 5 . ¤gruitne Norse curds: do gallurad gallgruitni, Hib. Min. § 66.32 . ¤iall a foreign thong: pl. gaillialla (.i. oígeich .i. lomhna connaigh), Ériu ii 4.14 . ¤iasc a pike , Iar. Conn. 11 note y . ¤íath foreign territory , CRR 10.y ; 20.10 . ? ¤lorg: do gelugud galluirge 'a foreign club' EIS 138 § 16 . See also uirge. ¤manach, Anecd. iii 9.20 . ¤merge a foreign standard; rie bar ngaillmeirgib grīanṡrōill, Bruchst. no. 25 . ¤mías a quoit (?): in gaillmias (gl. discus), Ir. Gl. 478 . ¤mil a foreign soldier: pl. gaillmilid ... na Gaillia, CCath. 5369 . ¤óclach orig. a Scottish soldier or mercenary, in service of an Irish chief; a `gallowglass' or heavy-armed foot-soldier opposed to the light-armed kerns (see Hayes-McCoy, Scots Mercenary Forces in Ireland, pp. 15-76 ). The word is common in the Annals of the 13th-15th centuries: tre cumachtain cinidh a mathar idon Clainni Domnaill ┐ Gallóglach n-imda aile, AU ii 372.17 . galloglacha uaisli, 426.9 . ocus a ngallógláchaibh ina n-éidedh timchioll chuirp an airdrígh, MS. Mat. 540.36 . AFM iii 450.11 . ib. 588.1 . ¤óclachus: leadership of gallowglasses: fear ... ba mó ainm la gallócclachus, AFM iv 1140.12 . ¤óg an English soldier, Content. xi § 14 . ¤ogam Viking Ogham , Auraic. 6157 (called also Ogam Lochlannach, 6155 ). ¤ráith a foreign rath or fort , see O'Gr. Cat. 502.22 . ¤sail a foreign (non-indigenous ?) willow: i nglotuinn géag ngall-ṡaileach, DDána 85.45 . ¤salann, foreign salt , glac gallsalaind, IT iii 93 § 139 . ¤sax English foreigner: eiritigidh Gallsax, Hy Fiach. 172.6 . ? ¤semind, IT iii 93 § 139 (BB). ¤sét a foreign treasure: pl. na gall-seoit tar muir tocairter, Laws v 220.22 gl. (etym. gl. on gaillite tacair). ¤sgiam: a ghiolla gusan ngaillsgéimh `O youth of foreign beauty', Studies 1924, 241.1 . ¤sciath: Tuathal Mælgarb na ngall-sciath, LL 130b12 . ¤sochraite foreign auxiliaries , Cog. 168.7 . ¤tech foreign palace , Studies 1924, 241.y . ¤Tór: Tór the Viking, Caithr. CC 138.z . ¤trumpa a trumpet, a clarion: itir orgán ┐ gitart ┐ galltrumpa, ZCP vi 52.8 . Matthew vi 2 . ? ¤urad: do gallurad gallgruitni, Hib. Min. 66.32 .

ían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ían or dil.ie/26928
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: īan, īan, ian, iain, ian, ian, íand, ene, eine, éne, eini, ían, iana, eana, ena, ian, hēnaib, iain

n ā, f. (? orig. n. īan mbille, Corm. Y 187 ). n s. īan, Corm. Y 167. ian, Críth G. 74. iain (v.l. ian), IT iii 191 § 20. a s. ian, Lism. L. 2952. íand, FDG 118. g s. ene, Laws i 166.22 . eine, Críth G. 74. éne, O'Dav. 1123. eini, Laws i 106.23 Comm. d s. asan ían , Ériu iv 134.17 (MS. iain, v.l. ein). n p. iana, Laws v 94.9 Comm. eana, 392.12 Comm. a p. ena, LU 1626. g p. ian, Acall. 756. d p. hēnaib, Corm. Y 414. n du. dí iain , Críth G. 184.

a wooden vessel (see Ériu iv 134. 16 ff. and note p. 166 ), a drinking vessel: crand-lestra .i. iana ┐ dromlacha ┐ dabcha darach, Laws v 94.9 Comm. intreb tige .i. tulchuba ┐ eana ┐ dromlacha, 392.12 Comm. sechta seotu airech ... caire, dabach, escra, ian ..., i 134.11 Comm. tucad chucu a n-éna ┐ a ndabcha ┐ a n-iarnlestair, TBC-LL² 56 . .vii. ndabcha ┐ .vii. n-éna, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 52 § 1 . airdiena (v.l. ardíana) ibardha, Anecd. ii 58.16 . ballān .i. bill-īan .i. lestar ḟir thrūaig, Corm. Y 167. tabhur i.¤ measctha .L. do lind doibh, Lism. L. 2952. bíit dí iain in[n]a thig do grés, i.¤ aiss ocus i.¤ chorma[e], Críth G. 184. fogabat íand lan de uigib géd ann, FDG 118. tuarascbháil a cuach ┐ a corn ... ┐ a hi.¤ , Acall. 756. lan eini in bochtain do loim .i. lestar bec, ocus da lan dec uidi circi isedh teit ind, Laws i 106.23 Comm. lān n-éne oil, O'Dav. 1123. iain do línta do dubrota ┐ do gual, IT iii 191 § 20. ni h-eanna aen laime ` vessels (formed by) one hand,' MR 144.14 . nī bītis ōi for na hēnaib ar tūs there used to be no handles on vessels in the beginning, Corm. Y 414.

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