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anáebda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anáebda or dil.ie/3276

 

adj io, iā (1 anáeb) unpleasant, distressful: ba han[ṡ]uairc anaebda tuaruscbail ind fir sin, IT i 271.33 . óir nírb anḟlaith anaobhdha, KMMisc. 346 ii § 3 . ria n-daerbásaib éitchib anaebdaib, Alex. 227 . na cesta cóema / nídat espa a.¤ , Eg. 1782, 49b1 (Meyer Contribb.).

cerc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cerc or dil.ie/8748

 

n ā, f. hen : c.¤ gl. gallina, Ir. Gl. 196 . smacht peata chuirre ┐ circe, Laws iv 114.10 . cearc gan run, v 80.12 . nomad loighi na circi in gac en da henaib, iii 380.2 Comm. da miach ar circ cein dotas, miach ar caileach cein n-iunas, v 82.16 Comm. cerca ┐ geodh, 166.19 Comm. gl. eoin aititin `domestic fowl', 5 . seig .i. seboc (.i.) foxla orcu ┐ cerca, O'Dav. 1480 . c.¤ i cill, crand eidneanach (opprobrious epithet), IT iii 89 § 115 . comeis lini oen chirci `as much as the clutch of eggs of one hen', Cog. 48.y . Cf. Caithr. CC 1.y . uga cercc, MacCongl. 101.3 . gan uiread eoin chirce da mhaoin féin ar chumas fhir an tighe, Keat. iii 2756 . ? tria ḟochond na hoenbreithe / fó cia beith c.¤ i trebad, LL 6322 .

Of female of other birds: c.¤ fraich re aidche n-adhuair grouse , Acall. 3679 . guth circe fráoich an tsléibhe, BS 152.11 . Cf. cercai odrai / a frāech rūad, K. and H. 27 . a hūi Scandail, / a scīan espa, / a ch.¤ usci, / a choss escra water-hen (as opprobrious epithet), Bruchst. 32 § 73 ( IT iii 102 § 191 ).

C.¤ Boirche name of a legendary bird: Ard Fothaidh . . . Fothad Airgthech . . . conatail and co cend teora coigtighes fri foghar ceirce Bairche, Dinds. 89 . dia faigdi 'mo oen deirc i ndon circe Boirche rucsat an eceis aniar, 64 . an Chearc Bhoirche, DDána 121.29 . Cearc Bhoirche . . . / gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 .

querc name of a letter in Énogam, Auraic. 5694 .

As n. pr. f. C.¤ ingen Echach, LL 354b57 . In n. pr. m. Cú Cercca, Cóir Anm. 214 .

do-gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-gní or dil.ie/17752
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dogníu, dogni, dogní, dugn, dogniam, dogníith, du-nd-gniid, dogniat, dugníat, denim, nis-denaim, ara-ndeni, déni, n-nad-denam, ndenid, dénat, dogníu, dogním, domgníis, dogní, dogníd, dogníthit, dénaim, ndéin, dogn-, don-, doni, doniam, dénus, dernim, dergenaim, derni, dernat, dernat, dene, da-n-g[n]íid, dénad, do-sn-gniith, dénid, déne, déni, déna, dén, dénad, dénam, dénaid, dénat, dugníth, dugnítis, dognitis, dognínn, dénainn, dognéo, dugneu, dogn, madesgne, dogn, du-n-gné, do-s-gnem, dogneid, dogneith, dogned, dugnet, déne, dena, denae, nad-ndenam, nis-ṅ-denaith, dogner, dogneor, do-neor, donear, dogné, dogéne, dóene, don, dénar, ndiaghnair, ndiaghnum, do-nd-rón, dorón, dorronai, doróna, dorónam, dorónaid, dern, dern, ndern, nderne, derna, ndernam, ndernaid, dernat, d-a-gnenn, dugnén, dognein, dugnitha, dognetha, dogned, dogneth, dugnemmis, dognethe, dugnetis, ndenmis, frisan-dénte, conna-dentis, dendis, tentis, duróininn, duronad, doróntæ, derninn, ndernain, dernad, derṅmis, dernainn, dén-, dern-, dugén, dugene, do-n-genae, dogéna, du-n-genam-ni, do-n-génid, dogénat, digén, digen, digenam, dignem, ndignet, dogén, dian, dogénus, dingén, dingn-, dingnea, dingniam, ndingnair, dergían, dergenat, drónfat, dogenainn, dogenad, dogenmis, digned, digénte, dorigenmais, da-rigente, digéni, degēni, dogéni, dogénsat, dogensatar, dogniset, dognisetar, ndigni, digni, ndénsat, densat, dorigenu(a)s, dorignius, do-m-rignis, do-nd-rigéni, dorigni, dorigénsam, do-d-rigénsid, dorigéensat, dorigénsat, deirgenus, deirgéni, dergéni, ndergini, ndergensat, dernus, dorignius, dorindius, dorinnus, dorigni, dorigne, derigne, dorinne, dorin, dogrinn, dorigénsat, dorigensatar, dorigniset, dorinnsid, dorigéntar, dorinnetar, doringnis, doringne, doringset, do-rig-, dorigsem-ne, dorigset, dergenus, dergene, dergena, deirgeini, ndergensat, rodergenset, dernus, derna, nderna, ndernsat, ndernatar, ndearnadar, ndernaisit, dorónus, do-d-róni, do-s-róna, doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, dorónsat, dorónsatar, dogníther, dogníter, in-déntar, ndéntar, ndénatar, déntar, derntar, dogníthe, ndentae, dogníthe, -a, dognether, dugnetar, ndentar, dénatar, dorontar, dorróntar, derntar, dognethe, dognetis, dente, ṅdenta, dorónta, doróntais, derntá, ndernta, dogentar, dogénatar, dogenaiter, dingentar, dignestar, dogénta, dignesta, dogníth, dugnitha, durónath, dorónad, dorónta, dernad, dorónad, dorónait, dorigned, dorigenadh, dorinded, dorinnead, ndernad, ndernta, dénti, dénta, dénum, do-gní, dogní, dogní, dogní

v (* di-gnī-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 541 ). See ZCP i 350 ff . Indic. pres.— O.Ir. 1 s. dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . 2 s. dogni, 6c16 . 3 s. dogní, 6a8 ; dugn, Ml. 39b2 . 1 pl. dogniam, Wb. 15d9 . 2 pl. dogníith, 9c15 , cf. 25c14 ; amal du-nd-gniid , Ml. 103b13 . 3 pl. dogniat, Wb. 30c14 ; dugníat, 14b17 . 1 s. ní denim , Wb. 12c9 ; nis-denaim, Ml. 75a9 . 2 s. ara-ndeni, 55d21 . 3 s. nad déni , Thes. ii 294.28 , Wb. 31d12 . 1 pl. a n-nad-denam , 16a24 . 2 pl. dia ndenid , 8c11 . 3 pl. ni dénat , 12b20 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dogníu, dogním. ? 2 s. domgníis, BB 350a23 (cf. Dinds. 1 § 14 ). 3 s. dogní; dogníd, Mon. Tall. 128 , 129 . 3 pl. dogníthit, LB 260a59 . 1 s. ní dénaim , etc. 3 s. co ndéin , Maund. 137 . In this, as in other tenses, the stem dogn- is freq. written don-, doni, doniam, etc. 3 s. rel. dénus (for dogní), Fl. Earls 220.2 . With -ro- of possibility. 1 s. ní dernim , RC xxv 24 § 4 , cf. IT iii 47.12 ; ni dergenaim , TBC-LL¹ 4387 . 3 s. nach derni , Ml. 128c3 . 3 pl. ni dernat , Wb. 22d3 ; nad dernat , Tec. Corm. p. 34 .

Ipv. O.Ir.—2 s. na dene , Ml. 55a1 . 3 s. da-n-g[n]íid, Wb. 8d9 . dénad, 28d19 . 2 pl. do-sn-gniith, 24b12 . dénid, 25c17 . Mid.Ir.—2 s. déne; déni, SR 1183 , 5680 , TBC-LL¹ 1495 ; déna; dén. 3 s. dénad. 1 pl. dénam. 2 pl. dénaid. 3 pl. dénat.

Impf. O.Ir.—3 s. dugníth, Ml. 30a3 . 3 pl. dugnítis, 62c13 . dognitis, 22a4 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dognínn ( donin, TBC-LL¹ 3403 ). ní dénainn .

Subj. pres. O.Ir.—1 s. dognéo, Wb. 17c20 , cf. 3d2 ; dugneu, Ml. 23c24 . 2 s. dogn, Wb. 5d39 . 3 s. madesgne, Thes. ii 246.29 (sic leg., ZCP xiv 8 ). dogn, 12c46 . du-n-gné, Ml. 129b1 . 1 pl. do-s-gnem, Wb. 21b9 . 2 pl. dogneid, 5d30 ; dogneith, 12d7 ; dogned, 25d22 . 3 pl. dugnet, Ml. 120c1 , cf. 83b14 . 2 s. mani déne , Wb. 10a17 . 3 s. mani dena , Ml. 35d14 . ceni denae , Mon. Tall. 138.30 . 1 pl. nad-ndenam, 23c6 . 2 pl. nis-ṅ-denaith, Wb. 6b29 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. cia dogner , K. Sächs. Gesell. Ber. xlii 83 . dogneor, Lec. 531a . sul do-neor , TBC-LL¹ 3078 = siu donear , TBC-I¹ 2276 . 3 s. dogné; dogéne, PH 770 . dóene (= dogéne?), Thes. ii 346.35 , 351.41 . don, 300.30 . 1 s. cia dénar , Ériu i 227 . 2 s. cu ndiaghnair , Lib. Flav. i 36ra23 . 1 pl. cu ndiaghnum , 36ra34 . With -ro- 1 s. do-nd-rón, Wb. 5b18 . dorón, ACL iii 298.16 , Fél. Prol. 269 . 2 s. dorronai, Wb. 32a24 . 3 s. doróna, Thes. ii 1.27 , Mon. Tall. 132.28 . 1 pl. dorónam, Metr. Dinds. iii 448 . 2 pl. dorónaid, Fél. Prol. 186 . 1 s. na dern , SR 1583 . ní dern (dernd, MS.), Ériu vi 116 . co ndern , LU 10644 . 2 s. dia nderne , Mon. Tall. 142 . 3 s. arna derna , Wb. 4a5 . 1 pl. co ndernam , Wb. 22a12 . 2 pl. co ndernaid , 13d30 . 3 pl. ar na dernat , BDD § 94 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. d-a-gnenn, Wb. 10d31 ; dugnén, 10c16 ; dognein, 10a27 . 2 s. dugnitha (leg. dognetha), Ml. 103d16 . 3 s. dogned, Wb. 17a13 ; dogneth, Sg. 21b6 . 1 pl. dugnemmis, Wb. 10c21 . 2 pl. dognethe, 9d25 . 3 pl. dugnetis, Ml. 74a1 , cf. 73d1 . 1 pl. dia ndenmis , Sg. 203a6 . 2 pl. frisan-dénte, Wb. 9c24 . 3 pl. conna-dentis, Ml. 124c20 . mani dendis , 75d2 . mani tentis , 35c18 . Forms with -ro-: 1 s. duróininn, Ml. 46b13 (reading doubtful). 3 s. duronad, Wb. 8a4 . 2 pl. doróntæ, 16a23 . 1 s. nach derninn , Wb. 8a5 . co ndernain , PCr. 2a2 . 3 s. na dernad , LU 8155 . 1 pl. arna derṅmis , Sg. 203a6 . Mid.Ir. ní dernainn , etc.

In later lang. the prot. stem dén- is almost entirely replaced by dern- throughout the subjunctive ( IGT Verbs § 1 ).

Fut. 1 s. dugén, Ml. 30b9 . 2 s. dugene, 41b4 . do-n-genae, Wb. 32a25 . 3 s. dogéna, 26a20 . 1 pl. du-n-genam-ni, Ml. 111d3 . 2 pl. do-n-génid, Wb. 17a6 . 3 pl. dogénat, 13a13 . 1 s. in digén , Wb. 9d4 ; ni digen , Ml. 69a21 . 1 pl. ni digenam , Ml. 30c9 . ni dignem , Wb. 17b9 . 3 pl. nad ndignet , Ml. 56b15 . Mid.Ir. dogén (dodén) etc.; ní dian , Lib. Flav. i 17rb24 . 3 s. rel. dogénus, SG 290.13 . ni digén (ní digeón, TBC-I¹ 1647 ). ni dingén , FB § 31 . Most usually with stem dingn-: 3 s. ní dingnea . 1 pl. nocho dingniam , FB § 6 . 2 s. dep. co ndingnair (fut. for subj.), ZCP vi 64.26 . Forms with -ro- are rare:? 3 s. ni dergían , TBC-LL¹ 2808 ; 3 pl. ni dergenat , Ml. 80a9 . Cf. 3 pl. drónfat (= dorónfat), BColm. 50 . Condit. 1 s. dogenainn, TBC-I¹ 2874 . 3 s. dogenad, Wb. 26a12 . 1 pl. dogenmis, Sg. 203a6 . 3 s. ni digned , Ml. 14b4 . 2 pl. nicon digénte , Wb. 9d9 . With -ro-: 1 pl. dorigenmais, TBC-I¹ 177 (LU). 2 pl. da-rigente, Wb. 13b3 ; 11d5 .

Pret. 3 s. digéni, Thes. ii 239 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). degēni, RC xxv 344 (see ZCP xiv 8 ). dogéni, Sg. 185b4 , TBC-I¹ 1732 LU (= dogena, YBL). 3 pl. dogénsat, Trip.² 1380 . dogensatar, Rawl. 142a55 . dogniset, Hugh Roe 102 . dognisetar, ZCP viii 544 . 3 s. nad ndigni , Ml. 23b10 . na digni , SR 6146 . 3 pl. co ndénsat , FB § 77 . ni densat , SG 234.14 . Pret. forms (i.e. without -ro-) seem confined chiefly to 3 s. and pl. and become rare in Mid.Ir.

Perf. 1 s. dorigenu(a)s, Ml. 2a6 . dorignius, Wb. 24b12 , cf. Ml. 23c27 , Fél. Ep. 111 , TBC-I¹ 937 (LU). 2 s. do-m-rignis, Wb. 4c27 ; Fél. Ep. 506 . 3 s. do-nd-rigéni, Wb. 6d2 , cf. 11a30 , Ml. 54a4 ; dorigni, Wb. 4c32 . 1 pl. dorigénsam, 14b26 . 2 pl. do-d-rigénsid, 20d3 , cf. 33d5 . 3 pl. dorigéensat, 5a24 ; dorigénsat, 7d10 . 1 s. nad deirgenus , Wb. 24a14 . 3 s. nad deirgéni , 13b17 . ni dergéni , Ml. 114b12 . nad ndergini , 23c15 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , Sg. 187b6 . 1 s. ni dernus , Ml. 39a11 . In Mid.Ir. and later lang. 1 s. dorignius, etc., cf. Auraic. 651 ; dorindius, Imr. Brain i 65.25 ; dorinnus, CF 98 . 3 s. dorigni, dorigne ( derigne, Hib. Min. 276 ), dorinne, dorin (late). dogrinn, ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.) (see Celtica xiii 25 ). 3 pl. dorigénsat, dorigensatar, SR 5929 ; dorigniset, TBC-LL¹ 2249 ; dorinnsid, SR 3616 , dorigéntar, 6052 ; dorinnetar, -edar (late). Stem do-ring-: 2 s. doringnis, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . 3 s. doringne; cf. 3 pl. doringset, LL 354e5 , Metr. Dinds. iii 16 . Stem do-rig-: dorigsem-ne, Rawl. 142b5 ; dorigset, SR 3533 , 3660 , 3957 , etc. 1 s. ni dergenus , Leb. Gab.(i) 30.2 . 3 s. nochon dergene , TBC-I¹ 2067 . nocho dergena , TBC-LL¹ 2982 . ní deirgeini , AFM vi 2120 , 2142 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , AFM 960 . rodergenset, RC xvi 156 . More usually 1 s. ní dernus , 3 s. ni derna , co nderna , 3 pl. co ndernsat , co ndernatar (go ndearnadar ). co ndernaisit , AU 1101 . Further 1 s. dorónus, etc. 3 s. do-d-róni, BDD § 26 ; do-s-róna, SR 295 ; doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, Trip.² 1038 . 3 pl. dorónsat, BDD 134 , 168 . dorónsatar, MR 142.1 .

Passive. Pres. s. dogníther, Wb. 10c11 . pl. dogníter, Sg. 35b13 . in-déntar, PCr. 66a1 ( Thes. ii 230 ); ara ndéntar , Wb. 2a10 ; pl. lassa ndénatar , Ml. 84a11 .

Ipv. déntar; (with -ro-) derntar, Ériu ii 200 .

Impf. s. dogníthe, Wb. 15a18 . i ndentae , Ml. 24d9 . Mid.Ir. dogníthe, -a.

Subj. pres. s. dognether, Wb. 29a21 ; pl. dugnetar, Ml. 112d8 . ara ndentar , Ml. 30d13 ; pl. mani dénatar , Wb. 8a11 . (With -ro-) dorontar, Mon. Tall. 146.31 . dorróntar, Wb. 13d21 . arna derntar , Ml. 93a1 . Impf. s. dognethe, Wb. 9c20 ; pl. síu dognetis , SR 7853 . s. mani dente , Ml. 29a6 ; co ṅdenta , Sg. 9b2 . dorónta, 65a1 ; pl. doróntais (?), Corm. Y 324 . na derntá , TBC-LL¹ 5758 ; co ndernta (usual prot. form in Mid. Ir.).

Fut. s. dogentar, Wb. 4d1 ; pl. dogénatar, Fél. Ep. 176 ; dogenaiter, LU 4256 . Mid.Ir. ní dingentar ; ní dignestar , MacCongl. 35.11 . Condit. s. dogénta, TE 9 (Eg.). na dignesta , MacCongl. 45.15 .

Pret. dogníth (Mid.Ir.); pl. dugnitha, Ml. 73a19 . Perf. ced durónath , Wb. 33a15 ; dorónad, 15a33 , BDD § 133 . pl. dorónta, Sg. 216a1 , Fél. Prol. 239 . lasan dernad , Thes. ii 289.5 . In later lang. dorónad (Keat.), dorónait; dorigned, BDD § 133 ; dorigenadh, Corm. Y 685 ; dorinded, dorinnead. co ndernad ; co ndernta .

Vbl. of necess. dénti, Wb. 12d41 . Part. dénta. Vn. dénum. IGT Verbs § 1 .

The meanings of do-gní fall under two main heads, does (I) , and makes (II) . As both these senses are often implicit in the Irish, the classification given below is to some extent artificial. Examples in which the notion of activity seems predominant are referred to I, those in which that of formation is uppermost to II; but often only the context can decide to which head an instance belongs, e.g. dogní comairle takes counsel (I) , or forms a plan (II) ; dogní dliged administers justice (I) or makes (promulgates) a law (II) .

I

(a) does , implying action in the widest sense: a ndugniat ar magistir, is ferr dún a dénum, Wb. 14b17 . a nāt denat ar magistir, ni dignem-ni, 15d6 . cach óin dodgéna samlaid whosoever shall do thus, Thes. ii 235 . níb ar adbchlos do dóinib, ba ar Dia gacha ndene let all thou doest be (done) for God, Ériu ii 172 . 'n-a forcongrai do cach aen, co ndosróna fodhein what thou ordainest for others, do thyself, ACL iii 316 , cf. LB 261a30 . cid dogní-siu sund, a gillai?, TBC-LL¹ 1401 . cid dogén mana fagar . . . iat?, ZCP viii 113 . ronertat nád dernat they strive after what they cannot do, Tec. Corm. p. 34 . ní fil ní bad toil ria cóemchéle na dingned, LU 3912 ( SCC § 42 ). cid ed ón dorigenmais-ni we could have done even that, TBC-I¹ 177 LU (glossed .i. rofetfaimmais a denom). damad messe Finnachta . . . nocho dingenaind 'na nderna, LL 307b19 . a n-atchondcamár dorigénsam, LU 1780 = RC ix 486 . ma dorontar ón if it can be managed, Mon. Tall. 146 . ni derntar isin cath ni nad fesur uaid let nothing be done . . . without my learning it from you, TBC-I¹ 3527 . Often in response to a command: guidh in Coimdhi[dh] lem . . . Dagēntar, ZCP iii 33 . With DE, FRI, DO of pers. or thing, does with (to): ised dognith de was done with him, IT i 142 . ní fhetar . . . cid dernad de, TBFr. 295 . an ro chara, dagné dímsa, 303 . cid má ndénai-siu damsa sain? TBC-LL¹ 218 . cid dogenam friu-so[m]?, Hy. ii 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 311 ). cid dogéin (leg. dogén) frit chorp coemdil? what shall I do with thy body? SR 2050 . cid dogéntar friu?, TBC-I¹ 173 (LU). In neg. phrases with acht and cen: asbert ni digned acht sid, BB 193b24 . drong nach déin acht droichdhíol fiach, TSh. 4650 . aderaid . . . na denaid na leagha acht biadh do bacail don othar that physicians do nothing but prevent the sick from eating, 23 P 10, 152vb36 . is demin nach dingin-sea gan in comrac-sa do denam that I shall not refrain from fighting, Aen. 2931 . ní dingnuind-si ar ilimud maithesa gan dul ann, ZCP vi 72 . In passive often happens, takes place: in talamscugud dognither and, CCath. 1015 . amhail dorónta cidh iarttain, Hugh Roe 256 . doridned . . . co n-edbrad Cain māine (= factum est ut offerret C., Gen. iv 3 ), Lec. 530b38 . doridned laitheada Adaim iar tusmed Seth do .i. ocht cét bliadan (= facti sunt dies Adam . . . octingenti anni, Gen. v 4 ), 531b49 . cf. 532a1 , 27 , 32 , 43 , in all of which the pass. of dogní is an artificial translation of Lat. fieri.

(b) Used to avoid repetition of another vb., like Eng. do (see Celtica i 318 ): — báidhter ón, ar Mac an D. — Ni dingnum itir, ol M., Imr. Brain i 64 . — imrem fithchill. — Ni dernus riam, ar C., Ériu v 30 . do slechtadar . . . damsa ┐ doghenaid duitsi mar sin, CF 215 . dia hingreim doridhisi amail dorighni fecht n-aill, BS 122 . rocomroic Ioib riasi . . . amal danid re hIunaind, TTebe 782 . sechain toil na drúisi amail dodhenta tiagarna fuar as you would (shun) an unfeeling master, Ériu v 138 . smachtaigh do ben amail dodhenta do mac, 114 . damad maith lat a losccadh, dogéntae, Moling 42 .

(c) fulfils, executes, carries out (a wish, command, etc.): dénaid mo réir-se, FB § 16 . dén reir do mathar is t'athar, ZCP vi 272 . in airet donet mu reir, Lism. L. 3522 . ní dingna réir do lethéid he will not obey the like of thee, Fianaig. 74 . co ndernur do reir, Ériu iii 14 . is noeb cach oen dugní toil ind ríg, Thes. ii 294 (SP iv). is lestar fás . . . nad déni thoil ind ríg, ib. doní toil a menman ria, Imr. Brain i 65 . ní dingnum do comairle we will not take your advice, IT ii2 134 . da ndernair-se mo comhairle-si, Ériu v 98 . dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do-gneithi ann if my advice were followed, Leb. Gab.(i) 252 . nephetarcna inna timnae ndiade ata deinti that are to be carried out, Ml. 58a20 . Cf. further: dorinde C.C. an t-abur docum ar cruthaigh Dia é accomplished the purpose for which God created him, BCC § 376 .

(d) Freq. with object either directly expressing or implying activity of some kind.

(i) With an accus. of kindred meaning: is gnim anecni dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . dorinnsid gnim n-imamnas, SR 3616 . truag lim-sa in gnim dognither isin maidin-sea, TBC-I¹ 2314 . co ndernsat gníma móra, IT i 76 . dorigéni gnímrada gaile forro, TBC-LL¹ 1967 (dorinde, St.). ní dern (dernd, derd, MSS.) sáithar cen ḟochraic may I do no work without reward, Ériu vi 116 . ar nā dendáis gním no mugsaine isin domnaig, Ériu ii 200 . in muid dungní cach oen láu of the work he does every day, Thes. ii 294 (SP ii). síu donear mo mudu | i fiadhnaisi int sluaig, TBC-I¹ 2276 = TBC-LL¹ 3078 . amail dogéntais in mbeirt, Ériu iv 110 . ní dénat firtu they do not work miracles, Wb. 12b20 . dogníth mór fertae he wrought many miracles, Hy. ii 33 . a ndorigne do ḟertaib, v 67 . cumbad for Martain dogneth Dia in mirbuil-sin, RC ii 388 = Lat. Lives 89 . ni dernad ┐ ní dingentar mirbuil bud mō, Todd Lect. vi 71 . in torand-chless dogní-siu, TBC-LL¹ 1756 . a cleas dorigniusa fiada the feat I have performed before him, TBC-I¹ 1270 . it e dorigensat ind abairt sin, 1425 (LU). cid mór do chomramaib gaili ┐ gaiscid dogné nech, 1862 . ni fo cian . . . co nderna-som béit n-aile, 486 . ni dernnsat ban-echta ban, MR 212 .

(ii) With an abstract subst. as obj., to express a moral action or a feeling: ainmne do dénam to exercise patience, Ériu i 196 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime, ACL iii 295 . na dene ainmnit show not patience, Ml. 55a1 . amarus dogní forom-sa he suspects me, SG 80 . dia mbad athirge dognéth Adam if A. repented, SR 1409 . ac Rígh corpgil doron athirge dim phecthaib may I be penitent, ACL iii 298 . co ndernur aithrigi is fedbdacht, 243 . digal ind ancridi dogní nech frit, Sg. 181a6 . dentar anlecht let-sa fri hA., TE 8 (Eg.). adubairt . . . co nderrna si brég ara gelladh, ZCP vi 277 . conadh becc mbuada nó mbuadhnaisi badh denta do Poimp de P. had little reason to exalt, CCath. 5096 . dognidh buidechus mor, 6000 . dénaid chalma be valiant, LL 225a23 ( TTr. 581 ). cein dogeni calma, TBC-I¹ 1267 . is í tra celg dosgní Guaire, SG 64 . in ceasacht do[g]niad na mná the niggardliness which women practise, Ériu v 24 . ní dhénadh cert nā dligedh uime would not do right or justice, TTebe 832 . dēni (déne, LU) cōir ngaiscid frim give me fair play, TBC-I¹ 1288 . masa chonnalbai dogni, 234 . do-nídís crábhadh, TSh. 8928 . dogni mo chumtabairt thou art doubtful of me, SR 2888 . is coir dáibh-si . . . deghmenma do denamh to be of good courage, CCath. 1692 . co ndenad deirc móir dend airliud used to perform great charity, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 332 ). maircc doní díomas as ór who is proud of gold, KMMisc. 364 . gan a dhiomdha do dénomh without grudging, ZCP viii 221 . co n[d]ingen-sa díth ┐ dochar duit, vi 49 . dogní dormuine, SG 373 . adrubairt A. riu gen drochciall do denam not to act foolishly, TTebe 416 . cid ben dognē drūis, KMMisc. 272 . rium-sa na déna duilghe be not harsh to me, BS 88 . mór d'eniuch dorigne much hospitality did he exercise, ZCP viii 272 . fer . . . na derna espa riam, YBL 164a5 . a fhir doghni an t'éad who art jealous, O'Gr. Cat. 604 . cid fáilte . . . dungneu `though it be joy I . . . make' (feel?), Ml. 92a17 . déni fatchius be on thy guard, TBC-LL¹ 1495 , cf. 1419 . ferg fri suide ní dernaim I cannot get angry with it, IT iii 47 . ni denad fearg fri nech, YBL 155b47 . nar cóir dó ferg do denamh re F., BCC § 160 . ni dū d'fir an fiabrais fearg do denam a fever patient should not get angry, 23 P 10, 153vb23 . a ben, ní dēn fingail fort, SR 1539 . go ndiongnadh fírinne might speak truth, Keat. ii 3667 . nach iad na mairtirigh amháin dorinde an foidhidi-so who displayed this patience, BCC § 7 . an tí doni foighinne 'n-a bochtaine who is patient in his poverty, Ériu v 130 . ná dern féin forcraid lest I be guilty of excess, SR 1583 . an gairdechus dorinne, Fier. 179 . denaidh gliccus deal cunningly, 189 . doní da gaib gus achieves valour with his spears, Imr. Brain ii 288 . dénatt idna let them practise purity, BColm. 98 . ni denta iongnadh dom faicsin-si andso let no one wonder, ZCP x 285 . doním iongantas I am surprised, Keat. iii 5485 . má día bfaghainn-se bás de, | dá fhios ní dingninn leisce, SG 64 . dogním less na n-anm[ann]a, SR 1196 . an té doní les a cheli, assé a les fene doni, BCC § 202 . cia . . . ná digni m'amles, SR 6146 . ni dhernus-sa th'aimhlessa I have done you no hurt, BS 146 . truid . . . .i. on luas doni from its speed, Corm. Y 1236 . doriṅgnis maith reme sut ┐ dogéna 'n-a diaid, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . níchon dergeni nach maith, TBC-I¹ 2067 . nā hindis fein maith da ndingne do not tell any of the good you do, ZCP vi 272 . co ná dernad orm mebal, SG 57 . doghníd méirdreachus, craos ┐ droichbhearta eile, Eochairsg. 10 . meisge do dhenamh, Luc. Fid. 118 . denaidh míne ris deal gently with him, RC xxix 122 . nert ni dernim strength I cannot exercise, xxv 24 . aindre áille uchtgheala, | ettorra doniodh a óighe he kept his virginity, ZCP i 64 . do neoch na dene olcc nach annrecht friu, Laws iv 176 . co brath nocha dingned olcc, Ériu v 26 . cach olc donithea fri hUltu, ZCP v 504 . ni fuil olc nar dernsamar riu, TBC-LL¹ 5697 . dogniat cach pecad, Wb. 30c14 . da mionca doghnídh duine peacadh marbhthach, Eochairsg. 12 . an tí nach denand peccadh, BCC § 182 . denam pennait buan, SR 1573 . atibset in linn . . . ┐ ni dernai pudar doib did them no harm, Hy. iv Pref. ( Thes. ii 323 ). mór an pudhar do ronsaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 . dogné sáiri na sruithe, Ériu i 198 . dogniat subachas ┐ somenma, SG 346 . ma dogné tarba if you make use (of it), Ériu v 116 . na dena tnuth re duine envy not, 126 . doróine trocaire riu, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . cad é an fáth as a ndéanfá-sa trom ar mhnaoi that you should be so hard on (another) woman, O'Gr. Cat. 620 . trom oirne níor déanta dhuibh, Ó Bruad. ii 134 . tuirsi oca cia donéo though I grieve thereat, Ériu vii 240 . cach úabar dogensat all the pride they have been guilty of, Ériu i 201 . int aenmacc ríg is mó dorinne d'uaisli ┐ d'agh ┐ d'orbert, ZCP viii 111 . uamun brátha . . . cia dogneimmis ba cooir 'twere right for us to be in fear of Doom, SR 8052 .

(iii) Esp. with a vn. or equivalent, as periphrasis for finite tense of vb. (see Celtica i 318 ): denaid anmain stay , KMMisc. 313 . doroine Rónan altugadh buidhe do Dia, BS 176 . intan ba hāin phuill dognitis, TBC-I¹ 496 . tugas fom bréithir . . . nach diongnainn ár that I would do no slaughter, ML 114 . is leis dorignead cet-ar ┐ cet-buain ar tus he was the first to plough and reap, Lec. 66b5 . an beannachadh dorigne Bóas ar a mheithil, Eochairsg. 41 (cf. do-beir bennachtain for . . .). an duine doni moran cainnti who talks much, Ériu v 130 . denam cennach let us make a bargain, BS 88 . co ndénsat cennach fris, FB § 77 . in codlud doniat na fir, Aen. 2069 . d'éis an chodalta-sa dorinnus, CF 98 . go ndéana mé suan beag codhlata till I take a nap, 144 Eg. in comerge dorigni in phéist, FB § 85 . dorinne coimerghi romuinn he rose up, Fianaig. 58 . ni deinim comnaidhe i n-áon áit I do not abide, BS 177 . go ndingnadh oirissemh ┐ comhnaighe issin gcathraigh, Fl. Earls 142 . doberim dom bréthir . . . nach dingnum comól that we shall never drink together, Fianaig. 78 . déna creidemh gan mhirún believe , Duan. F. i 74 . cumann cleithe nocha ndernus I have had no secret amour, Ériu i 20 . gé dognéi-si dioghal dhe, BS 150 . doní faisnéis, Triads 141 gl. (p. 39) . dogen fireolas duit I will guide thee, CF 26 . ná dén escar do not fall, O'Gr. Cat. 662 . dorinde doib faistine, BB 21a17 . in fégadh doróine Diarmaid darsan bhféice on D.'s looking across the ridge-pole, SG. 72 . do dheanamh foghlamtha to get training, RC xxix 110 . co nderna an ríghan a fáisidin till the queen make her confession, Imr. Brain i 65 . forcetol ba menciu dogníd Petar, FA 32 (LU). doronsat frithaire, Todd Nenn. 82 . doní Lassair araile gaitt irisech commits a certain pious theft, BColm. 84 . dognither guin galann d'Ailill a wound is inflicted on A., RC xxiv 186 . ní dergenaimse icc andso I cannot effect a cure, TBC-LL¹ 4387 . an tí nach deanann idhbuirt dona deibh, RC xxxiv 322 . dorinneadar imram they rowed, CF 32 . doronsad iomrámh, ML 44 . déna imthecht depart , SG 60 . déna ingeilt ois practise pasturage, KMMisc. 262 . an lucht doní ingreim don phobul who attack, RC xxxiv 308 . maoladh do dhenam to become bald, 3 C 19, 53 rb 1 . dodéna an mesrugud he will do judgement, ZCP viii 211 . cia dognéo móidim, Wb. 17c20 . isund dognither int ongath here the anointing is done, Thes. ii 251 . precept doroine S. abb Roma, FA 32 (Eg.). ronnaire .i. ronnad doni don biud, Corm. Y 1124 . slond gnimo dogni indidit the indicative conveys the signification of the action, Sg. 153a3 . dorinneadar sealbh dár mbuinne sriobhmall took possession of, 3 C 13, 897.13 . is me dorigni in seilgc séig who hunted the deer, SR 2869 . dorónsat selgad, SG 328 . doronsad sealga, RC xxiv 196 . ni derna riamh thochus he never scratched himself, Mart. Don. Oct. 21 . dénum ar sibal let us pursue our course, Hy Fiach. 218 . is écoir an smuaineagh (leg. -eadh) dorindius I was mistaken in my thought, Imr. Brain i 65 . doni se snam ar in olaid it floats on oil, 24 B 3, 94.24 . rón i. animal, on roṡnam doni, Corm. Y 1115 . tecmáil rim ge dorinde though he encountered me, Ériu iv 216 . dentar teichedh linn let us flee, BS 104 .

With obj. gen.: huare nach derni a adamrugad he cannot (express) admiration of him, Ml. 128c3 . dobretha M. filid ara chend, co nderntais a aerad ┐ a aithised that they might satirize and revile him, TBC-I¹ 2213 . ascnam ind ecna . . . dognitis, Alex. 807 , cf. Anecd. v i . is Patraic dorigne a mbaitsed P. baptized them, Hy. ii 16 Comm. ( Thes. ii 313 ). doníat a berbhudh ┐ a thomailt they cook and eat it, Marco P. 152 . doni bisec a dhorchadais increases , Ir. Astr. Tr. 90 . caemc[h]ód bachall dorónsatt they exchanged croziers, BColm. 84 . déni mo chobair, RC viii 152 . asbertatar fri Coinculaind dognithi (dognithe, LU) a chuitbed isin dunad that he was being mocked, TBC-I¹ 1639 . dermad na luirighi-sin dorondad, oir ni thuc leis o Ailich that corslet was forgotten, YBL 209a28 . dorag-sa co nderna-su mo dichendad, TBC-I¹ 1299 . dorigni in diliu a ndilgenn, SR 2724 . ní dénad écnach neich, Hy. v 5 Comm. ( Thes. ii 327 ). darónais a n-etargaire, LL 120b43 . dogéan-sa a ḟaillsiugad don rig I will reveal it, Todd Nenn. 96 . dena fothrucud, SR 1598 . ni dernai glanadh a gnúsi nó tonach a lāmh, CCath. 1170 . a gerrad dorindead a broind a mathar he was excised, Ériu ii 176 . trénfir dodigenat m'íarmoracht who will follow on my track, LU 10261 . dūs in foigebtais . . . nech doneth (sic leg.) a n-imditin anyone to protect them, SR 5564 . dena a impodh turn it, Moling 47 . doni mo ghnuis incosg mo chineoil my face proclaims my race, RC xxxiv 312 . mad indscuchud donead lucht na saith if . . . have gone away, Laws iv 174 Comm. dentar irgnam bid ┐ lenna, CRR 23 . dogentar liumm do leigheas, TE 10 (Eg.). dorinne a marcaighecht he rode it, Ériu v 190 . dognít a n-oegidecht la fer n-amra they stay with, LL 281a40 . atbertsat . . . na dingnetís a n-oirfited would not entertain them, PH 895 . doronad a n-orddugud, SR 82 . na léic uait in dana bocht | nó co nderna anocht a riar till thou have attended to his wants, SG 20 . dorinne M. ár seachna has abandoned us, ML 118 . rí dorigni scail int sluaig who scattered the host, SR 2769 . dén-sa do slondadh dhamh-sa tell your name, BS 102 . ronsnādat .i. donet ar sóerad, Hy. v 92 Comm. ( Thes. ii 348 ). dēca in ba teclaim na fertus dogena fá [a] n-imscothad whether you are to select the shafts or strip them, TBC-I¹ 782 . dena mo theagosc instruct me, ACL iii 241 . dena mo thinchosc, SR 1581 . dorigni tochmarc inna ecailse do Chríst he had wooed the Church, Tur. 48 . cibe uair dogentai tochmharc a hingine, Ériu iii 168 , cf. TE 9 (Eg.). dentar trial mo berthasa let an essay be made to tonsure me, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). ní fail doruirme .i. doné a thurim, v 67 Comm. ( Thes. ii 344 ). Note also: do[g]ním-se . . . bheth ag denamh mo chloise (leg. chless?) ngoile, RC xxix 114 .

(iv) With nouns indicating sounds: crandord dogníd cacha nóna he used to bellow (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 1538 . da nderna fogur . . . le n-a fiacla (of a sick person), 23 P 10, 3b42 . a dhoimh do[g]ni an fogharán that lowest, BS 80 . dorinneadar na cineadhacha fuaim, Psalms xlvi 6 . cad fá ndernais in gáire sin? why did you laugh? SG 239 . dorinne int aitheach geanus grainemhail gāire, Ériu v 180 . doronsat guba mor, Metr. Dinds. iii 483 . an úall-so doghniad na sluaig, Ériu i 103 .

(v) With bás or similar subst.: ni diṅgnea bás doibsiut acht intí dogéna bás dam-sa no man shall kill them unless he kills me first, TBC-LL¹ 432 . taiscter lib in cloidem so, | arm dá ndingantar ernmas, SG 252 . co rodergensat a aided killed him, RC xvi 156 ( Dinds. 144 ). co ndergenai a haided 'sin loch út she perished in that lake, SG ii 468 . déanam éag (= moriamur), TSh. 2371 .

(vi) With ceist discusses (an argument), pleads (a cause): ná derntar isin domnach ceist ná caingen, Ériu ii 200 . isi cet-ceist ┐ cet-imcomarc dorigm diabul isin domum, BB 16b45 . is ann doníatt gach ceistt cruaidh ┐ cach documal comairle, Maund. 21 .

With comairle takes counsel, holds a council: co ndernadh comairle ag maithib Dhál A. cia dorachadh, etc., BS 50 . g u ndernadh Aengus in ri | rena chairdib comhairli, BB 30b28 . ni mhaidh for Laigniu da ndearnat a comairle ann (sc. in a certain spot), RC xxiv 50 . Cf. (c) supra and II (d).

(vii) With cath or similar subst.: doronsad cath fearrdha they fought, ML 18 . ni digéon-sa comrac fris, TBC-I¹ 1647 ; 1304 , 2439 . coná dernum deibech, 2671 . dognítis forbais . . . ar oirrighaibh Erenn, SG 36 . nocho dentais gleic, LL 142b24 . dorinnetar gleó fíchda, Fianaig. 90 . dorinneadar an irghail co hingantach, CF 883 . dorín Brian . . . sluagh Mumhan made a hosting of Munster, O'Gr. Cat. 521 .

(viii) With subst. denoting agreement, compact, etc. (rather to be referred to this head than to II, such a subst. being regarded in Irish as a quasi-vn.): doronsat aentaig re Cruithnib, Todd Nenn. 42 . dogénsat bráthirse frisna túatha made an alliance with, ZCP viii 315 . dorondad brathairse iter firu Erind ┐ Alban, YBL 126b13 . dogeni cairdes fri suidiu, TBC-I¹ 2967 . rofrecart-sidhe . . . in dingne[d?] cairdes dosidhe would she grant him a truce, Anecd. ii 51 . dia ndernam caratrad, Imr. Brain i 43 . dogniat cōrai make peace, TBC-I¹ 1426 . denamm cotach is cardes, SR 1150 . na dénaid friu . . . cuibdi, cardes no clemnas, 4843 . doróine a chatach fria naomu Arann, SG 40 . digensat essomon, Anecd. iii 60 . dorigensatar síd, SR 5929 . mina dēnair sidh ris . . . dodhēn cogudh rit-sa, ZCP vi 49 . ní denta lá sída céin ba beo never a day's peace was made (with them), SG 49 . daróine ar síth . . . gan díth óige donn' inghin he wrought peace between us, ZCP viii 562 .

(ix) With nouns indicating respect, favour, etc.: dorinnidar gloire do Críst gave glory to, Lib. Flav. i 2ra2 . Ri dorigne . . . humalloit dia apstalaib, SR 7697 . fiadhaighis riasna clerchib ┐ dorona umhaloid doib, Hy Fiach. 38 . dorinne umhla dhó, Ériu i 93 . i n-ainm an aird mhic doghní grása, O'Gr. Cat. 545 . dorigne grása ar an duine uasal showed favour to, Eochairsg. 113 .

(x) With cáin, etc. = dobeir c. (for) levies: bid fáid . . . dingenai (dogenai, v.l.) soerc[h]ain for slabri, ZCP ix 453 . co nderna rí Locha L. cáin for cach tūeth, viii 316 . dorinneamarne seacht gcéad loiligheach ar mhuinntir F. we assessed . . . at seven hundred milch-cows, Maguires of F. § 78 .

(xi) Of a calling, art, etc., practises, plies, performs: ba hesnad ainm in chiuil dignitis na fianae, Corm. Y 562 . do[g]nídh Neiptis . . . cúiseach bind, Ériu iv 174 . is álaind, a macáin, in cluichi dogní, Ériu i 118 . oés dogní dán artists, Triads p. ix . dénaidh bhar nd(h)ána perform vour arts, Ériu iv 178 . dogénadsa elada, SG 274 . doronsat na hingena éladna inganta, PH 897 . etar fileda ┐ áis ndénma sairse artists, SG 212a11 .

(xii) holds, celebrates (a festival, etc.), observes, performs (a rite): feis Temrach gach tres bliadain . . . dognithi in tan sin go tenn | ag rígaib amra Eirenn, O'Gr. Cat. 578 . is leis dorónad feis Temrach ar tús, ZCP viii 325 . is amlaid dognithe in tarbfes, LU 3450 ( SCC § 23 ). oenach dogníthe la Ultu cacha bliadna, 3222 (§ 1). aenach Taillten do denom la rí[g] Erenn, RC xviii 275 . co ndernad mor-thinol clerech nEorpa co Torinis, Todd Nenn. 188 . dogníed mórdál Dromae Ceta la rígaib Éirenn, BColm. 54 . co ndéntais a n-airechta saidbre sédacha, Ériu iv 163 . mairg fearu Eirenn na denann feil Patraic, Lib. Flav. i 25rb38 . na hIudhail, as é lá doníd an féil, O'Gr. Cat. 309 . doní secht n-aifrinn ann, BColm. 82 . dogníat ord in domnaig etir salmu ┐ precept, Imr. Brain ii 285 . is cóir degurd do denam ann indiu to perform the proper service, Ériu i 44 . is lais dogníad urddu téchtai (of monks), 219 . acht co nderna se a trātha provided he observe the canonical hours, ACL iii 222 . is ann dogen mo trátha-sa, RC xiii 98 . antan dogni-som figild performs a vigil, Mon. Tall. 128 . ceni denae crosfigill, 138 . dogníd-som immon Michil lasin crosfigill he performs (recites) a hymn to Michael, 137 . l(o)nd sailm aurnaigi déulái . . . .i curp lai dusgnid-som the evening psalms of prayer he performs in the middle of the day, 129 . déna soiscél dúind read a gospel lesson to us, Imr. Brain 164 . as innte dorónsat an Chaissc celebrated Easter, AFM 1201 (iii 130) .

(xiii) Miscellaneous exx. in which there is either transference of obj. or extension of the meaning of the vb.: int shūil dogen-sa fris the look I will give him, TBC-I¹ 705 . dolotar na daimh fon dithreb . . . ┐ doronsat a[l]-lá ria n-aidhche did their day's ploughing, BNnÉ 39.13 . dorigset sét . . . do Ramissa journeyed , SR 3957 ; 4073 . donim slighi . . . ga n-iaraidh sin, Lib. Flav. i 21rb17 . fios na slighe[dh] dorinne Cúchullainn the road C. took, RC xxix 116 . do chaora dhuit . . . do[g]nim do bhreith breitheman I award thee thy sheep, ZCP xii 382 . doníd-sium a daithin gach n-oidci eats his fill, ZCP i 103 . cid indhí nad caodet (= chaithet) feoil dogres, dogniad pars isind Chaisc de feoil take a piece of meat, Mon. Tall. 132 . dochum na chuchdin dóib co ndenad cách díob and pars de feoil, ib. ní derna sé a shuipér farusan did not eat his supper with them, BNnÉ 114 . go ndernsat a medhon laoi took their midday meal, Fl. Earls 28 . doni na briathra-sa utters , Lec. 611a27 . doronsad . . . cainbriathra do righ Érenn, KMMisc. 313 . ised dorígne Alaxandir i n-a eipistil comdar casa . . . iat A. said in his letter that . . ., Alex. 719 . cid fogním cid fochésad dorróntar in hoc uerbo one can express oneself both in the active and the passive, Wb. 13d21 . an branar gan déanamh that the fallow-land was not upturned, PCT 1826 . mairg doghní branradh go bráth | is ann a dtráth gan chur shíl (`leaves land fallow'; upturns the fallow without sowing seed?), O'Gr. Cat. 614 . go bplannduighidh tú fíneamhain, ┐ nár dhearnaidh tú foghmhar uirre (= non vindemies eam, Deuteronomy xxviii 30 ), TSh. 9707 . in tan is ar logh dognithar dān doibh `when it is for a fee they are taught the art', Laws iv 236 . doróni Collanach légenn do Thaircell C. put T. to study, Moling 12 . dodhénuinn leighionn ┐ lánḟoghluim duit I would give thee learning and instruction, Ériu v 98 . an uair tainec am legind do denamh do Mhunda when the time came for M. to receive instruction. BCC § 161 . doníd áit leabhar dona tuat[h]adhaibh (images) take the place of books for the laity, Ó Héodhusa 143 . lochdach `maith' no `olc' a ttús chomhfhocuil; `deagh' ┐ `dagh' ┐ `droch' doní a n-ionadh, IGT Introd. § 97 . go ndearnadar bhur n-ionadhsa dhamh, 1 Corinth. xvi 17 . Note also: grian i n-Aquair . . . doróined im-mís Enair the sun has been placed (?) in Aquarius, SR 234 . ni den ciall uaim péin isin canóin `I will put no sense of my own into the canons', MS. Matthew 530 ( Lib. Flav. i 11va ).

(e) With vn. phrase, e.g. do-gní a láma do nige = do-gní n. a lám (the older construction, see (d) (iii) above): do chin huair nach atamar, | dogénat do clanna iar tain | dogres a cin d'imresain, SR 1407 . déntar leo . . . uan d'idpairt, 3899 . dorigni Iob . . . in slóg do rím J. numbered the host, 6817 . donidis a righ fein do marbad, KMMisc. 312 . go ndiongnadh críoch Laighean uile d'argain, Keat. ii 6341 . an altóir ar a ndeárnadh sé corp Chríost d'ofrálughadh, Eochairsg. 19 . in mac doróine d'idhpairt whom he offered up, RC xxxvii 348 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. § 61 . dorinne Flann aonach Tailltean do chommóradh, Keat. iii 3014 . an ndénta eich do reidhiughadh? would you break in horses? Ériu v 190 . dorine Carn Amhalgaidh do thochailt, Hy Fiach. 100 . nach ndéanair sinne bhéoghudh arís? wilt thou not revive us again? Psalms lxxxv 6 . a ferand lais in fer donither and do orgain the man who is trespassed upon, Laws iv 92 Comm. intan donither nōs nó dliged do nuaidiged, Marco P. 96 . dorónadh in lúithech catha sin do cumdach ac Brutus B. caused . . . to be constructed, CCath. 1809 . dorighneadh leo raona leathna do reidhiughadh they cleared broad passages, ML 130 . in ferann ima ndernad mac rig do marbad, RC xxvi 134 .

(f) With substantival clauses as obj.: dorigne Dia corbo mag mínscothach in móin, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 329 ). dorigni Moisi. . . dia fleisc co mba glé-nathir turned his rod into a bright snake, SR 3853 (cf. II (g) below).

II Makes .

(a) creates, forms, constructs: doriṅgne Dia nem ┐ talmain, LL 1 . do thalmain do-t-riṅgned (said to Adam), 22 . in saer-denmaid domrigni, SR 2060 . si[u] dognetis aingil uais before the angels were created, 7853 . toingim don Righ domroighne, ZCP viii 221 . is and doronta in[n]a dúili, Ériu iii 116 . fria muindtir dorrigena the household He has made (i.e. the angels), Ériu ii 140 . oroit ar Thurcain lasa ndernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289 . digéni Cummen cétaig `made a mantle', 239.20 (Ardm.). is leis ar thus doronait failge óir, Rawl. 147a27 . dogní claideb craind, TBC-I¹ 940 . dogníat druidi ind rig . . . nathracha, SR 3849 . doroindi side armu doib, RC xxiv 196 . co ndernsat na héoin a n-nitu, Hy. v 19 Comm. ( Thes. ii 331 ). is e mod frisa mbitis cumala riasiu dorontais muilind before mills were made, Corm. Y 324 . fer dénma bairgine a baker, Sg. 184b3 . gu ndérna longphort ic druim nG., O'Gr. Cat. 5 . Breoghain . . . leis dorondadh Brigandsia Brigantia was founded (built), BB 21a40 . dogensad botha and, TBC-I¹ 903 . dena tegdais don Chomdid, SR 6880 . co nderndtais dóib eclais nglain, 4187 . dognithit eclais don clerech, LB 260a59 . oroit do Ultan . . . dorigni in caissel, Thes. ii 289 . caislen Cenanduis do denom la Gallaib, RC xviii 301 . drochet .i. drochsét .i. ara olcas int seta darsin-dentur across which it is built, Hy. vi 4 Comm. ( Thes. ii 350 ). doringset leasa (liassu, LU) fora loegaib, TBC-I¹ 908 . dognisedar liasa fa n-innilibh, ZCP viii 544 . is leis doronad clad Saxan, Todd Nenn. 62 . doronta a n-airlisi ┐ a rrigdúine ann, Corm. Y 883 . The name of the material, etc., of which something is made is introduced by DE: dorigne smirchomairt di chnamaib, TBC-I¹ 2869 . dia nderna don chriaid cheir when he made a plaster of the clay, SR 7683 . is di lus bīs forsnaib caircib dognither in chorcur buide, Tur. 115 ( Thes. ii 492 ). cid delg ni der[n]tar de not even a skewer can be made of it (wood), Trip.² 2284 . co ndernait limsa de secht ndabcha I made seven vats with it, Ériu iv 134 .

Under this head may be classed further: ní dene tenid ratha do not make a fire of fern, Ériu i 194 . co ndernai tenid dam, TBC-I¹ 461 . fobith doṅgníat cercol ocond ocbáil they make (i.e. describe) a circle, BCr. 18d2 ( Thes. ii 13 ).

(b) forms (by aggregation of units), constitutes, makes up: dorigne T. cath dia mhuintir formed his men into a battalion, SG 321 . doronsatar aen-cath dib, MR 142 . Mod. often with súas: déanamh nuimhre suas, Content. v 124 . a mesg . . . na leabhar . . . da ndearnadair suas a mbiobla of which they made up their Bible, Luc. Fid. 282 .

(c) prepares, gets ready: dorondad imda Domnaill for lár in righthaigi, Ériu v 232 . iomdha Ghiolla Íosa do dhéanam in-aon seomra ris féin, Maguires of F. 28 . gidh maith gach leaba . . . dorighnes seachnóin Eirenn each spot I have slept in, BS 154 . co ndernsat (argniat, v.l.) a muinter biadh doib, RC vi 174 . dentar praind ┐ tomaltus (a command), CRR 23 . tomaltas bídh ┐ leanna do dhénum do na cléirchib, SG 68 . denam seillne ind domnuch ni cóir laisim acht a ndenam riam he does not think it right to prepare an extra course on Sunday, Mon. Tall. 145 . fer dogní fleid, fer dia ndéntar he who gives a feast and he to whom it is given, Triads 94 . co ndernad fled do Brenaind, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). doroindeadh coibflead mor do la ri dia thuathaib, YBL 138a8 .

(d) Of mental or abstract construction, makes, devises, frames: a ndliged dogniat gréic the law which the Greeks make, Sg. 40a7 . is i comairli dorigni Ioib, a mac . . . do chur a n-ifren the plan (resolution) Jove formed, TTebe 580 . conid hí comairli doroindi, tiachtain, etc., ZCP viii 276 . is olc . . . in comairli doníthi .i. ar marbad-ni, Ériu v 152 . dorinde an manuch drochcomairli an uair sin, BCC § 248 . Cf. exx. under I (c), (d) (vi) above.

(e) Of literary composition: Fland fer légind . . . issé dos-róna (author names himself in final stanza of poem), LL 184b19 ( Arch. Hib. ii 74 ). isind áer dorighne Nede mac A. do rig Connacht, Corm. Y 698 . dorónus doibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne, ACL iii 296 . dena dam doibh focra lethamnas, 295 . Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in n-imun-sa do Patraic, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). dorigniset lāid, TBC-I¹ 2249 , cf. 2615 , etc. Níníne écess doríne in n-orthainn-see, Hy. iii Pref . ( Thes. ii 322 ). psaltar na rann . . . dorigni Oengus, SR title . is and doringni Conchobar in rethoric-se, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 . dodhendais draidi tinchealda druad na n-agaid, BB 40a45 .

(f) Of linguistic or grammatical formation: ní Antoniolus dogní gl. Antonius, quod Antoniaster facit diminutivum, Sg. 49a5 . ní contulitus dogni gl. contulatus, 74a3 ; cf. 46a7 . 93b7 , 104b6 , 105b3 , etc. a nomine Aiax . . . co ndeni Aiacides, PCr. 15a1 ( Thes. ii 225 ). ní in -um dogní a neutur it does not form its neuter in -um, Sg. 206a3 , cf. 46b10 . is cumtubairt ced dogní a ngenitiu what their genitive makes (i.e. how . . . is formed), 99a2 .

(g) dogní x de y makes x of y = turns y into x: do gach bíud maith doni neim | a c[h]ur isin cli caithmig, ACL iii 238 . cindus fer dia ndenid-si deu? of what kind of men do you make gods? Wb. 8c11 . airchinnig . . . dogniat dona indmasaib selba sainrudcha who convert treasures into personal property, FA 25 (LU). trí sóir dogníat dóeru díb féin, Triads 167 . bid demon dogénai bec do mór, dogéna mór do biuc, ZCP ix 451 . din chloich dorigne saland, Hy. v 40 ( Thes. ii 338 ) (perh. the stone became salt, see (h) below). amal dorigne Dia dil | do fleiscc Moysi derbhnat[h]raigh, RC xxxvii 346 . doroighne dairmes do dhoire `caused mast to grow in the oakwood', KMMisc. 168 . dochotar triat chridi . . . co ndernsat crois de indut, TBC-I¹ 2811 . dogníter anmann dilsi díib amal doṅgnither dindhí as Romanus they become (are used as) proper names (`proper names are formed from them'), Sg. 35b13 . cach fear . . . da ndentair fochlac who is made a fochlac , Lec. 126b40 . dorighnedh uisce searbh da lionn, SG 28 . dorinneadh Pápa do Anastasius, Keat. iii 739 . dorigned duini dit thou becamest a mortal, ACL iii 242 . braighde Eirenn . . . secht rígh acht co ndernta de that they might become seven kings, ZCP viii 108 . Seldom with adj. (in subst. use?): mairg doni lán don lestar who fills the vessel, ACL iii 240 . dogéna sin fáilid díot-sa, SG 403 . With AS: as in Magnus dogníthær a ndede-sin .i. diles ┐ doacaldmach `Magnus' is used both as a proper name and appellative, Sg. 29a11 . With extension of meaning: gadaigi dogni dimsa you make me out a thief, Ériu v 234 .

(h) In Mid.Ir. the vb. in the preceding construction comes to be used impersonally: dogní x de y = y is turned into, becomes x . Possible exx. from the O.Ir. glosses are: amal nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis cia doberthar flumen fris as t. does not become a neuter even though f. be put beside it (?), Sg. 63a17 (`it does not make a neuter of T. that f. is put with it', Thes.). is bésad na mmuimme dogní deidbleán di oc munud á dalti, Wb. 24d11 (`it is the custom of the nurse to make a weakling of herself', Thes. For the construction in general cf. Wb. 4d15 ). brister na rama ┐ doni gadrach dia longaib, Aen. 243 . do oluind cillches dia ndene pell of which a blanket is made, Corm. Y 239 (= dia ndénat, LB). atá do mét a seca . . . co ndéin cristal da huisci its water turns to crystal, Maund. 137 . da curthaidi sliabh teinedh ann, doghénad oigre ┐ snechta de (= in glaciem verteretur), RC xxviii 320 . dorigni troich ṅdorchaid dé | co torchair i cath Giluáe, SR 6397 . doreprendset cóic bainne a méraib Pátraic ┐ dorónai cóic oíbli dib, Trip.² 121 . is dona deoraib romuidsedar uaithi dorindi in loch, RC xvi 146 . dorigne tir tairngire d'Erinn a n-a ré Ireland became the Land of Promise, CF p. 73 , cf. SG 90 . cor rothuit in ballán . . . co nderna brioscbhruar de, SG 403 . dochim . . . go nderna balbhan dibh that you have become mute, Luc. Fid. 284 . Éireannaigh díbh go ndearna so that they became Irishmen, Ériu v 62 . Muire don deilbh ar ndéanamh when the statue had turned into Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 . With adj. (in subst. use?): co nderna uathbásach n-ilrechtach n-ingantach de, TBC-I¹ 1928 (LU). doní degbhlasda deghbhalaidh dhibh, 23 K 42, 416.4 .

(i) dogní x i n- y = makes (changes) x into y (less common than the two preceding constructions): ní .o. in .i. dogní son it (`caro') does not change o into i (in obl. cases), Sg. 93b3 . dorignedh in duine i n-anmain na beoaigheadh (= factus est homo in animam viventem, a lit. transl. of Gen. ii 7 ), BB 16a15 . roloisc Roimh . . . is dorigne i lechtu converted it into a graveyard, Lec. 47a1 . an t-uisge do bhí déunta 'n-a fhíon, John ii 9 . an lá sin dorinneadh Ioruaith ┐ Píoláid 'n-a gcáirdibh dha chéile Herod and Pilate became friends, Luke xxiii 12 . an lucht doní | leithrígh orra 'n-a thréinrí[gh] who make out a half-king to be a perfect king, Content. xiv 46 .

(j) do-gní mór (bec, etc.) de makes much (etc.) of, accounts as: . . . ni denaim-sea baa desin I set little weight on that, TBC-I¹ 361 . ní dénaim deccair do ní | acht rodeónaig int airdri I count nothing too hard, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . mogenair duine doni don tṡaegul uile neimní who holds the world as naught, ACL iii 221 . ní denam robríg de, TBC-LL¹ 859 = TBC-I¹ 361 . mór do-ghníd daoine dhíob féin, O'Gr. Cat. 555 . co tucat Laigin d'éislis sinn ┐ co ná dernat ní dinn, SG 410 . With AS: 'gan druing as a ndéine a lán the race of which you make such a lot, Content. v 67 .

(k) With adj. or equivalent as complement of pred., makes, renders (= Lat. reddit): do-m-ní driamail makes me melancholy, LL 146b49 ( PRIA xix 544 ). cid do-t-gni torsech?, TE 12 (LU). as é ni doni an t-aer cruinn, Ir. Astr. Tr. 18 . do-m-rigne losc lén sorrow has made me blind, LL 147a30 ( PRIA xix 548 ). gé go ndearnais geal é andé, | atá ina ghual féin aniugh though yesterday you made it white, O'Gr. Cat. 607 . dorinne sé ullamh é, Psalms vii 12 . ní dhernsam . . . dorcha lé dealradh briathar . . . briathra dealraighthe an Duilimh I have never obscured, Ó Héodhusa 4 . dorinneadar nocht mé, TSh. 9217 . nír chian go ndernadh an rig balb became dumb, SG 12 . With extension of meaning: méid na maslughadh dobheirid do Dhia an mhéid go ndéanuid breugach é make him out a liar, Eochairsg. 11 . With adverbial complement: nirbu cognomen acht darigni amin he made it one, Sg. 31b22 . co n-acca in tromchiaich . . . co nderna na tulcha amail insi il-lochaib, TBC-I¹ 3111 . is i so doni na plained co soimpaidtec makes the planets inclined to revolve, Ir. Astr. Tr. 120 . doní sé na dáine go conáigh makes prosperous, O'Gr. Cat. 259 .

(l) appoints, ordains, arranges: dorindi [Erimón] coicedaich ar Erind made provincial kings, Todd Nenn. lxv . a mbadar Laigin . . . oc denam rig a Temraig, Lec. 217a28 . doronsat inad coinne re chéile fixed a meeting-place, SG 11 . ar ndéunamh láe ris dóibh, tangadar mórán chuige when they had appointed him a day, Acts xxviii 23 .

(m) do-gní (claind) begets (FRI on): dona tri ballaib [f]uil acut da ndene cloind, Lec. 612a36 . Fachtna a athair ┐ is e dorigne Conchobur dar cenn Cathbaid, RC vi 178 . is iad dorigni Lugaid-tri-riab-nderg rena ṡiair, Ériu ii 174 . doroigne Mairt inn ingin Ermione re Uenir, TTebe 762 . is é dorinne an toirrches úd ría, Ériu v 164 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria, RC vi 175 . co ndernae da mac friu (of Lot), Rawl. 72a24 . fo clith doronad la Mac N. iat fri Fuinche, Fianaig. 4 . corob tre meirdreochas dorigned thusu, YBL 142a29 . hinn aidchi sin . . . dorigned rí na n-ech n-ard, ZCP viii 270 ( Rawl. 87b41 ). do nuimir clainni Dauida ┐ do hurd a ndenma the order of their begetting, Rawl. 73b7 . Rarely in meaning conceives: ingen dodngéna (sic leg.) fria hathair, ZCP viii 196 . ni hi cland na coluime, | cland fa deōid do dénam di | ar fēgad inn eoin eli, ACL iii 238 . Hence more widely breeds, increases (trans.): do greghoip . . . dogni eachraidh mór dona Rōmānchaibh, Fl. Earls 182 . fēr dogēna sil ┐ crann . . . dodēna torad (= herbam facientem semen et lignum faciens fructum, Gen. i 11 ). Lec. 528a27 . fuaratar cráin ┐ dā bhanbh dēcc . . . ionnus go ndernatar go lór do mhucaibh dīb bred, raised (?), BNnÉ 119 .

(n) produces, brings forth: déra dogníaad-san go dímór they shed abundant tears, ZCP viii 216 . cíamtis déra fola dognetís, FA 34 . roimhe nocha dherna neach | leth a nderna do dhéraibh, ZCP i 64 , cf. Mart. Don. May 14 . gibe doní fuil re n-a fual (= quicumque sanguinem mingunt). 23 K 42, 62.8 . doni an mac tire guth cíochanach, 3 C 22, 24a1 . guth fiaich leo ┐ as a n-adarcaib dognidis, Corm. Y 731 . Of natural phenomena: ceatha troma | doníd tonna thulcha Lēis the showers which the waves of the hill of L. make (?), CF 1024 (cf. 1004 ). nuchu dearna Dia fearthain for talmain (= pluerat, Gen. ii 5 ), BB 16a10 . ní dhearnadh fearthuin . . . feadh thrí mbliadhan it rained not, James v 17 . (fuinneóc) dusgni soillsi d'uile altoirip gives light to, Fl. Earls 250 .

(o) causes, gives rise to: mor doni domenma dhamh | an dogra roghabh an gheis causes me great sorrow, CF 1029 . idu ab idor (= ὕδωρ) .i. on fliuchaidecht doni a ngalar sin (of dropsy), Corm. Y 770 . doní mo deora duba | cruma ar tí m'feola (the thought) that worms shall eat my flesh begets my tears, ACL iii 216 . doní anāl maith ag neach (of a medicament), 23 K 42, 444.9 . asé in fín . . . is luaithi doni mesce causes intoxication, O'Gr. Cat. 216 . ní denann tart does not provoke thirst, 194 . acht go ndenuid tromdhacht isin cheann, 23 K 42, 72.13 . gach duine atchíodh iad, doníodh galar dhóibh it would make them ill, Keat. iii 3403 . dia ndeine galar gabail ara fual, Mon. Tall. 147 . dogénad galar duit sirligi lying abed would make thee ill, LU 3590 ( SCC § 30 ). dodhéan-sa míodhuaill ar sin I shall cause horror thereat, Ériu i 18 . gach easlainte donithear o lionadh caused by repletion, 23 K 42, 17.14 . neasgóit doníter o adhbur neimneach, 23 P 10, 4a31 . isé ní o ndentur an crith sin ┐ in spasmus , 4a15 . adeir G. co ndenter stranguiria o moran do modhaibh, 30b36 . Cf. do-gní domenma is dejected , do-gní mesce becomes intoxicated , II (d) above.

(p) wins, gains, obtains: doronsat Gaedil . . . bruid ┐ creith took captives and spoils, Todd Nenn. 172 . a ccreacha ┐ a n-edála arna ndénamh ┐ arna ccruinniughadh, Ériu v 76 . doni sin ríghe da réim secures the sovereignty for his line, Rel. Celt. ii 230 . gurbh' usa dhóibh cíos do dhíol ┐ do dhéanamh to `raise' the rent, PCT 1757 . mithigh duid dénamh carad time for thee to make a friend, IGT Decl. ex. 414 . Cf. further: dénasa in dara leth don Mide co mbad tairise . . . duit i (`so handle the one half of Meath'?), SG 403 .

(q) In sense of imm-déni proves, demonstrates: cid dogní latsu . . . conid breg he?, IT iii 201.9 . dogniat fiadhuin co follus cunud . . ., Laws ii 62.8 Comm. imdenat . . . .i. doniat, 326.23 Comm. ge daniter ar naill though they are proved by oath, iv 288.9 Comm. co nderntá enech na Troianda, TTr.² 1236 . do ní nonmar la heisinnraic a fuil for innraic, O'Curry 307 ( H 3.18 169 ).

III As intrans. vb.

(a) Used as extension of I (a) does, acts: déna amal as adlaic let, FB § 62 . amail rocinnsemh . . . is amlaid dognem, RC xiii 29 . ronertais dam-sa co ndernain hi cutrummus frim cheliu thou hast encouraged me to do like my fellows, PCr. 2a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). meni dérntais dar fócra lest they should act against (beyond) the decree, Ériu iv 94 . dodhéanmaoid-ne uime sin amhail doghníomaoid re gach docamhail oile, MR 62 . doronsat fon n-indus[s]in, Todd Nenn. 96 . dogniset amhail conaitecht Ó Domhnaill, Hugh Roe 102 .

(b) With AR (later also FOR) obeys, acts according to the wish or advice of. Orig. trans. as in first two exx.: as dénti ní airriu they are to be obeyed, Wb. 15a23 (see Thes. p. 51 ). dogéntar airiut, BDD² 215 . dia n[d]ernta-su form-sa if thou wouldst take my advice, TBC-LL¹ 1802 . da ndeirnta orm-sa, Cog. 200 . da ndearndais orm allmaraig, do fuicfidís do in conair, MR 174 . ní derna an rechtaire fair, BColm. 58 . dlomaid dóib asind ferunn ┐ ni densat fair, SG 234 . ma dogneithi eram-sa, Anecd. ii 53 . ni dingentar fort-sa, 50 . creud ma ndubhairt linn deunamh uirre to obey her (the Church), Luc. Fid. 365 .

(c) With LE (RÉ) deals with, acts towards (mod.): déan réd' shearbhfóghantuigh do réir thrócaire, Psalms cxix 124 . dorinne tú go maith léd' shearbhfóghantuigh, 65 . deun go mín leis an mbocht, GJ v 85 .

(c 1) With TAR does without, neglects : do-ghéanadh cách tar an gcois 'men would overlook the foot' Éigse xxxvii 98 § 5 . móide as deacair déanamh thort, DDána 99 § 17 . deacroide dhúinn déanamh thairis, O'Hara 2863 . mithidh dhúinn gan déanamh thort, Aithd. D. 153 § 7 . ní héidir dhúinn déanamh thort, 292 § 18 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh do shíor, IGT Introd. § 3 . déanamh thort ní tualaing sinn, Dán Dé 32 § 8 .

(d) Folld. by prep. or adv. denoting motion, makes for, goes (orig. with ellipse of vn. expressing motion, see O'Rahilly, Celtica 1 318 ff . ): dogeni L. for a āth came on to his ford, TBC-I¹ 836 (dagéini .i. tic, LU). Common in later Mid.Ir. and mod. lang.: tréig do thalamh duthchais, déin ar choiste Lundain, O'Rah. xxiv 26 . dénam dár ttoich, Ériu iv 54 . denum d'innsaighi Serluis let us go to meet, Fier. 117 . denum isteach da fēgain, Lib. Flav. ii 6ra35 . déanam thairis don taobh budh thuaidh let us cross, ML 72 . déanam súas go slíabh an Tighearna, Isaiah ii 3 . déunuigh romhaibh ar an ndubhaigéun, Luke v 4 . dogene atúaid came from the north, RC xiii 221 (B. na f.). go ndearnadar go réimdhíreach gus an bhfásach, Keat. iii 1013 . dorónsad na cathmhílidh a gcoinne ┐ a gcomhdháil a chéile, PCT 551 . léicit amach sa ffairrge iat do denomh ar in Spainn gach ndīrech, Fl. Earls 10 .

(e) Various uses with prepp.: congaib-side a chrícha cen choscru, cen chernu; ní déni di neoch, ní déni nech de he takes from none, ZCP xi 86 . secnadh gach uili fin . . . ┐ denadh re huisci meala let him be satisfied with, 3 C 19, 94 ra 4 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh which cannot be done without, IGT Introd. § 3 . gan bheithe bogtha do rádha innti tar nach éidir dénamh san ogham, § 1 .

1 dul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dul or dil.ie/19189
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: daul, doul, dol, dula, dola, dol, dula, dola, dula, dola, dulta, dolta, dul, dol, dula, dola

vn. of 1 téit. daul, Mon. Tall. 136.2 , 146.17 . doul, TFerbe 14 Eg. ( IT iii 549 ). dol (freq.). g s. dula, Wb. 5b29 . dola, Keat. iii 1966 . dol (ar omun d.¤ ), ACL iii 233.4 (nom. for gen.). In later lang. also dula, dola: a s. dula, SR 1395 , 2393 , 6088 ( dúla, 3505 ); TBC-I¹ 1487 , 2416 , 2425 , 2474 ; TBC-LL¹ 4127 ; PH 446 , 2527 , etc.; dola, LL 7317 ; Ériu ii 178.25 . g s. dulta, TSh. 6975 ; Eochairsg. 4.32 . dolta, TSh. 866 . dul dol m., IGT Decl. § 95 . dula dola m., § 2 . Verbs § 8 .

Going, to go , of motion in general; in O.Ir. used beside 1 techt as vn. of 1 téit; in later lang. replaces 1 techt, which gradually comes to mean coming (cf. SR 6119 : im dul r[e]ut . . . no thecht ar cúl dorise).

I In O.Ir. with obj. gen., representing trans. use of 1 téit: do dul martre to go to martyrdom, Wb. 4b21 . Cf. 26d8 . do dul báis, 16a3 . Cf. also: gan bas do dul, Lec. 346b31 . ré fer ná ré mnái dá dhul | ní gabtar int aracul against man or woman that seeks to enter it the retreat is never closed, SG 245 .

II Later always intrans. with subj. gen. or more oft. with DO of agent.

(a) In lit. sense: rop ḟerr léo dola lé andas airisem, LL 221b32 ( TTr. 334 ). tri d.¤ isna lucu arda going into high places, Ml. 23d23 . d.¤ for sét, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 299 ). d.¤ for insib mara, ib. d.¤ dar muir, Hy. ii 8 Comm. ( Thes. ii 310 ). d.¤ ar astar to go on a journey, BS 106 . ar ndol tar sáile, 30 . oc dula do chath, Ériu ii 130 . im dula isin comruc, TBC-I¹ 2146 . d.¤ i céin, SR 6186 . d.¤ i nEgept, 3796 . ba ferr lim dola i n-a dail | indas a ndail mná baithe I had rather go to meet it, IT iii 16 . ic d.¤ ar a ech mounting his horse (riding ?), Cog. 144 . d.¤ for ar múraibh to scale our ramparts, CCath. 1678 . With subj. gen.: far nd.¤ co nem, SR 1095 (= d.¤ dúib for neam, MacCarthy 48 ). ba n-espa do chach d.¤ int slógaid the setting out of the foray, TBC-I¹ 164 (on the foray ?). atbert G. a ndola na teachta ar cenn milead that the ambassadors should go for soldiers, Todd Nenn. 84 . dislocatio .i. d.¤ baild as a ionadh, 3 C 19, 46rb25 . ar nd.¤ gilla ar chúiltib clúim, IGT Decl. ex. 688 .

(b) With extension of meaning act of proceeding, setting about (doing something), entering (on a state), and in various fig. senses: d.¤ dochumm na bethad suthaine, PH 7296 . d.¤ i mbás, 402 ; Laws v 296.16 . d.¤ for cel to die, SR 2095 . do daul do ēcaib, Mon. Tall. 146 . ic dol fria bás, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 n. Isu Crist . . . do dh.¤ for recht n-imdibe, PH 5641 . in fer leginn do d.¤ a n-espucoidecht, Laws i 58 Comm. d.¤ isan Eagluis to enter the Church (take orders), Donlevy 336 . senoir aesta ac d.¤ i n-aibid oifrinn donning , Grail 3395 . d.¤ a ndealbaib con, RC xxiv 174 . go d.¤ don fíon fa berbadh till the wine begins to boil, 24 P 32, 177.15 . bágaim mo d.¤ dia labrad I proclaim that I am going to speak of them, Metr. Dinds. iii 330 . Of things: crich do d.¤ for in forbann rechtaide, PH 3450 . go feadh an dísle do dh.¤ till the time of the dice going, i.e. till the game begins (?), KMMisc. 246 . In impers. constr.: na mnā bīos torrach ag dol chum an earraigh when spring is drawing on, 23 K 42, 31.17 . In Laws act of going as pledge, forfeit, etc.: d.¤ risin ní ro cotaimsiged to go security for the thing which was fixed, iv 34 Comm. (cf. dul fri cath to go security for battle, Triads 235 ). gach cin dogni duine . . . is a dh.¤ féin inn mana bé éiric oca he himself goes for it (i.e. becomes forfeit?), Laws iv 250 Comm. is a nd.¤ a fiachuibh in fechemun (the animals) shall go to liquidate the debt, ii 4.7 Comm. , cf. 9 . in mór do d.¤ ar in mbec that the much should go (to pay) for the little, SG 401 . d.¤ ar ríg to go security for a king, Triads 235 .

(c) In combination with prepp. or advbs. in a variety of idioms: With AR: ar ndol aige ar a dtreabhaibh | do roinn Brian ar Gaoidhealaibh when he got hold of their dwellings, Content. v 74 . With abstr. noun: d.¤ ar neifní vanishing , O'Gr. Cat. 254 . ic dola ar dible ┐ ar dásacht, MR 200 .

With AS going out, exit: ma d.¤ asin (sic leg.) drochcolaind, ACL iii 240 § 38 . go maireann drithle gan d.¤ as without being extinguished, O'Gr. Cat. 473 . Escaping: Niall do d.¤ ass a niort a gaisccidh, AFM iii 452 . gur fíu sibh d.¤ as ó na neithibh-si uile atá chum teachda, Luke xxi 36 . Dying: nochar gabh céile mur Cathal | Eire ar ndol a athar as, KMMisc. 170 . See (d) below.

With CO cohabiting: d.¤ co fer, Lism. L. 1338 ; O'Dav. 746 . in daer, masa bean saer fuil aice, ata eneclann do a n[d]ul cuici is entitled to honour-price for another's cohabiting with her, Laws v 514 Comm. Bennán . . . romarb Ibel mac M. i nd.¤ co a mnai, SG ii 480 .

With DE: ced an chuirp . . . fuair an t-eslan gan dol de | ó coimhthional na cille the sick man got permission (to touch the saint's) body without any reservation (revoke?), BNnÉ 277 . Diocletian . . . is Maximen . . . cia rostairned ria nd.¤ de though they were abased ere they went hence (i.e. died?), Lec. 47b49 . ag sin do chruth ar ndol díot you have lost your beauty, Dánta Gr. 11.12 .

With DO: buiden do bochtaibh | ag dol do ghorta gan biadh, BNnÉ 149 . gé atú ar ndol do ghorta overcome with hunger, Duan. F. i 86 (in these exx. possibly do = de, with dul = to die, perish , see below). mo náire a dhol dod dhíoghbháil that it should harm thee, Dánta Gr. 39.20 .

With FO: dol fona grádaib coiserctha to take holy orders, RC xii 324 . d.¤ fo gradaib, Hy. ii Pref . d.¤ fo graid n-ep[s]coip, Mon. Tall. 134 . d.¤ fo láim n-epscoip to be confirmed (?), Ériu i 218 . d.¤ fāi na grēine sunset , Ir. Astr. Tr. 4 . fuinedh, d.¤ faoi, Eg. Gl. 319 . Attacking, falling on: ac faicsin di in mic thíre ac dulu (leg. -a?) fó na caerib, SG 391 . d.¤ fúinne nír bhfheirde a chiall | go raibhe a fhios ag Uilliam | nách díghealuinn m'fhíoch nó m'fholc, 3 C 13, 802.11 .

With FRI turning to, taking up (an occupation, etc.): truag . . . do dol re dán alas that thou tookest to the bardic art, O'Gr. Cat. 361 . go raibh mórán diobh ag dul re díomhaoinios, PCT 1145 . ? cred nach n-aithninn a chúl cas | do dhul re[a] mhaicne do mheas, Rel. Celt. ii 242 .

With I N- act of entering on (a state); tending to, becoming (esp. folld. by an abstr.): dol a tuarustul to enter military service (take pay), Cog. 50 . do d.¤ i seilbh chóroine na Sacsan, Keat. iii 5385 . an creideamh do dh.¤ i mbáthadh, 5492 . in doman do dh.¤ a ṅdíth air, PH 7583 . nirb' ail les a subaltaidhe d'foillsiughadh . . . d'ecla a nd.¤ a nglóir dimhain dó lest they should lead him to vainglory, BCC § 395 . dón droing bís ag d.¤ a n-esláinti, O'Gr. Cat. 200 . do d.¤ a n-eitice to fall into consumption, 270 . d.¤ a gcnaoi (id.), 3 C 19, 18ra23 . da raibh . . . in t-inad ar nd.¤ a ufistula if the spot has become ulcerated; 115vb13 . ag d.¤ a ttirma becoming dry, 90va13 . ag d.¤ a ngiri getting shorter , Ir. Astr. Tr. 86 . Rarely folld. by pl.: bai an t-iarla . . . acc dol i ndaoinibh diaidh i ndiaidh gaining more and more people (adherents), AFM vi 2082 .

With Ó act of escaping from: muna caemnacar d.¤ uad cin a marbu, Laws v 148 Comm. ní bhfuil d.¤ agam ó'n éag, Oss. vi 56 . ó nach bhféadaim d.¤ ón mbás, Dánta Gr. 42.19 .

With TAR act of going beyond, exceeding, transgressing: miosúr maith . . . ag d.¤ thairis running over , Luke vi 38 . cen dula dar séis no smacht, SR 2393 . a dula . . . darm' thimna (of Adam), 1395 . In sense of dul as: gan d.¤ tairis ag aonduine without escape for anyone from it (death), TSh. 2696 .

With TRE: dul tria aitiri, Críth G. 306 `violating his suretyship', Gloss. íar ndul triit, 549 `after it has leaked out', Gloss.

d.¤ amach act of getting out, release: ní d.¤ amach duit go lá 'n bhráth, Oss. vi 30 . togairmid an sceathrach ┐ and d.¤ amach purgation (?), 3 C 22, 22a30 . da raib dul amach air, dentar ceirin do cuimin ┐ dfinegra ... Et da raib uiresbaid dul amach air dentar gaeithi mela do, Irish Texts v 46 § 30 . d.¤ istech: dobeir d.¤ asteach do bhriathar solus the entrance of Thy words giveth light, Psalms cxix 130 . d.¤ ar agaid to advance, progress: d.¤ air aghaidh ansna subháilcibh, Donlevy 174 . d.¤ ar (for) cúl: ag d.¤ ar cúl abating (of a fever), O'Gr. Cat. 234 . iar ndol na siodha for ccul after the peace had been set aside, AFM vi 2054 .

(d) act of being lost, passing away, dying (= dul as, see above): ferr oenfer dont slog do d.¤ | indá in mór do mudugud, SR 6983 (cf. 2 Samuel xx 16 - 21 ). dá trian fer nErenn do dhula, SG 21 . ní uair dimiad re ndula at her decease, Metr. Dinds. iii 434 . ria ndol d'Aodh mór mac D., O'Gr. Cat. 354 . mar bhís a ndán do dhroing d.¤ since it is the destiny of people to pass away, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150 . go dol í Néill to the death of O'Neill, 164 . do dith Diarmata . . . ┐ d'esbaid Duib da cond . . . ┐ do d.¤ Dithrubaigh, Acall. 3983 . dobhéar sa neamh dhuit iar nd.¤ , 3 C 12, 26.17 . ní bhiadh muna mbeith an dán | . . . | fios deighfhir ar n-a dhola, Ir. Syll. Poetry 80 § 13 .

(e) proceeding, course, manner ; an extension of lit. sense, cf. Wb. 33a5 ; rubu fer-som muintere; maith dano d.¤ humal obedient conduct (?) (but see ZCP xvii 224 ). So in chevilles: aurdairc d.¤ , SR 4061 , cf. 4735 . dochtaid d.¤ , 7239 . guid iar fird.¤ . . . im dílgud dot' immarbos, 1607 . fo dóer-ban d.¤ `after the fashion of low-born women', Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . lasin fear iga raibi in d.¤ gaeth the man who had the wise course, Auraic. 500 . is deg-d.¤, or in fer well-said, bravo , LL 282b2 . ní bú amlos | dósom in d.¤ duthracair, | ascnam sech péin hi pardos to him the way he has wished was great gain, Liad. and Cuir. 24 .

With FO and art.: dond ingin . . . nó dia cholin fon d.¤ toisech according to the first way (of explaining it), Wb. 10b20 . di doiri Babelone rogabad fon d.¤-so according to this interpretation, Ml. 133b1 . fun d.¤ nisiu, 53a8 . See next section.

(f) occasion, time, turn: [arin] scribund roscribad in d.¤-so, Sg. 202a (Thes. ii p. xxi). in d.¤ so this time , TBC-I¹ 754 . ala d.¤ on another occasion , Laws i 216.31 Comm. is fo infinit dutiagar fun d.¤ so in this case, Ml. 101c6 . tabhradh sochraide Laighean leis don d.¤-sa on this occasion, ML 56 . créad do thug don d.¤ so thú?, Oss. iv 94 . ní mían riom d.¤ bhur bfhéachain anois don d.¤ sa, 1 Corinth. xvi 7 . don dula sin on that occasion, then , CCath. 458 . nír bó ciúin dóibh don d.¤ soin, AFM iii 226 , v 1468 . a gabail fa dó décc . . . ┐ pater i forbhu cech dula at the end of each recital (of a prayer), BNnÉ 92 . Aodha . . . nár claoidheadh i n-aon d.¤ , O'Rah. xxxv 43 . lind nach serg-therc fri sam-d.¤ at summer-tide , Metr. Dinds. iii 338 .

(g) As quasi-conj., so that; because, since , usually with art.: in d.¤ atchi-side `because he perceives it', Wb. 25a37 . d.¤ ní fír a ndurairngert `so that what he has promised is untrue', 30b3 . in d.¤ bidh coimtig mo lecht since my grave will be frequented, Fianaig. 16 . cid fris-n-aragar aithgabail cūicthi in d.¤ is gnāthu do grēs oldās cach athgabail? why is stay attached to the distress of five days since it is more usual . . ., Laws i 250 . in duil is Críst cech óigi since every guest is Christ, Ériu ii 172 .

Compd.: ¤brass swift in course; ech d., TBC-LL¹ 3380 . See also dulta.

éicin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicin or dil.ie/19719

 

Forms: eic

advb. (dat. of éicen)

I Of necessity, surely, of truth, indeed; used in asseveration, protest or emphasis (see Corm. s.v. nairne ): ecin (v.l. ecen) .i. deimin, ut est, cest in fil tomus forsin mbairdni? fil ecin .i. atá co deimin, O'Dav. 803 . éigin .i. go deimhin, ní hé éigin .i. ní he go deimhin, O'Cl. An ex. of the original meaning may be: is fochen a Buidb. ceinip fochen bid eccin, ol in B. if not welcome it will be so of necessity (? cf. I (b) below) IT iii 239. 122 .

(a) Freq. in response to a question or statement;

(a) In affirmation or asseveration: forcantar écin (gl. nonne perdocentur) Ml. 34b12 . fid inn ogaim, in gne no in cenel? is cenel ecin, Auraic. 857 (= eiccen, 3735 , but the YBL reading is eic, 231a1 ). indad eiside...? at e eicin 'tis they indeed TBC-I¹ 626 . in fail coma gaba-su ...? fail écin, ar C., TBC-LL¹ 1763 . ZCP iv 40.1 . badam slánsa, mád áil daitsiu, ol A. bid áil écin, or sí, IT i 124z . teilc traigid dam, a C., or F. tilcfeseo on damsa arisi, ar C. samlaid eicin, or F., TBC-I¹ 2151 . amlaid sin, ol in gilla. is amlaid eigin, ol si, RC xxiv 196.24 . is oebind duit, ar iat. is oebind ecin ar se, YBL 329a7 = TMoméra 152.6 . ro ḟorcongairsiot a thabhairt dia saighidh. dorattadh eiccin `he was brought accordingly' AFM v 1864.3 . With another adverbial particle: i fuarais? ar M. fuar omm écin, ar Mac R., TBC-LL¹ 1770 . nach é Iliach? bar D. is me ám écin, bar Iliach, 4632 .

(b) In denial or protest: ni cumgi...ol in t-ara. cuimcim eigin, ar C., TBC-I¹ 685 . nach tussu em dodnarchosaig? nach me ecin, 565 . 1218 . ata in macc ina chotlad (says Ibar of Cú Chulaind). nidam macc eicin, ol C. I am not a boy indeed 645 . ni fhetar nach diobh duitsi. ni diobh éiccin, ar S., BS § 46 .

(c) After interrog.: cóir duit arechus dúin fris sút, a meic bic, ar I. ced ón écin? ar in mac bec, TBC-LL¹ 1262 . 1300 . [a]tūsa i ndulig, ar I. cid són écin? ar in mac bec, 1338 .

(b) In statements generally, certainly, indeed, surely; at any rate: ní ed asbiursa: indingentar, ar dogentarsom éicin, Trip. 242.15 . comad he Ísu écin Jesus to a certainty PH 3095 . is demin écin certain indeed 3855 . nā bī a n-espa, is ed timarna in Rí | lubra, lēgad, ernaigthi, dēnadh ēgin na ní (v.l. éiccen nach ní) let him be doing something, at any rate ZCP vii 310.23 . is doig écin indisfit dún, PH 3758 . atchuala agá phriotchadh nár bhó maith...daoine do mharbhadh...conadh aire sin ro chinn eiccin ina mhenmain gan guin duine, AFM v 1462.10 . Ir, nir b' eiccen (i. deimin) laoch bud lia, Leb. Gab.(i) i 234.25 (= ni roibe BB 19b11 , roibi, Lec. 539b ). robas co foda il-leanmhain an madhma ra macoib Miledh. do-rochratar eccin dá thoisech do muintir mac M. there fell, however 270.5 . Esp. to emphasize some word or member of a statement: guid he co ndingbai oenbliadain ecin a plag dinn one year at any rate PH 344 . corob ann écin connesat he here precisely 3506 . ni hindut fén...acht induind fén écin, 7898 . ni cuincithea anallana...acht is indiu écin connagar, 7934 . nir bo foda an uidhe ruccsat an ló sin eiccin, AFM vi 2198.14 . bá de eiccin ┐ do imtheacht na n-iarladh...tainicc..., AFM vi 2362.17 . roba cinnte...lasna maithibh sin...go ttiubradais tachar d'Ua D ... ┐ ni thuccsat eiccin acht saighin iomruagtha `they did not, however, but merely came to a slight skirmish' AFM v 1432.8 .

II

(a) some, any; some...or other; a certain (L. quidam): eirc ass co locc écin, airm na bia nach n-aittreb doine some spot where... PH 2504 . is oen ecin uaib nom-mairnfise some one of you 5130 . Mart. Don. Mar. 30 . nech eicin uaibh, Lism. L. 1013 . CCath. 2803 . do neoch ecin aile anyone else PH 6040 . no choimthecht ecin do chaimthechtaib Conchobuir, TBC-LL¹ 880 . ni thardsubair etach no tiugnach écin dam PH 6159 . ni ruibend nech hi fhus cen peccad écin ina chomitecht some sin or other 7943 . o mud écin in some way 7979 . o nach mud écin, 7003 . is bés don tsleigsin nachis imrethet impe...na fethana acht gar ré coscur éciṅ TBC-LL¹ 5228 . (of two men): ná tiocfadh...acht fer eiccin dibh that only one of them should come AFM v 1490w . da ceim deg...da taib egin don grein `to one side of the sun' Ir. Astr. Tr. 96.21 . cuid éigin do bhríogh a bhall, TSh. 2222 . nuimir éigin dá fuil leth asdigh da cúig dég any number being less than fifteen O'Gr. Cat. 316.30 . do cuaidh seachrán ecin ar eochrachuibh na ndoirrsech the keys had gone astray some how BCC § 296 . i laithigh nó i ndris nó i n-achrann éigin oile, TSh. 10422 . tabuir bennacht...a duine trocairigh eigin, LB 152 marg. inf. fear éigin ealadhna, TD 33.15 . ar láimh Oirghiallaigh éigin, 9.45 . do féadfaidhe go gcuirfeadh neach éigin i n-iongantas `someone might wonder' Keat. ii 228 . muna ttugaid ar chuid éigin tuitim, Proverbs iv 16 . trath (uair, lá) é.¤ sometime (day), once on a time: lá éigin, TD 1.9 . ná bíodh ar son a séad...acht rádh go rabhsad uair éigin `that once upon a time they were' 16.21 . do bhrígh go mbí críoch...ar aní, ní foláir a bheith críochnuighthe tráth éigin, TSh. 3153 .

(b) In referring to an indefinite quantity or number, some, a certain number, about; (here perhaps: cosced a chrantabaill d'ḟeraib hErend, ocus leiced écin cotlud dona sluagaib some sleep (?) TBC-LL¹ 1697 ; but it may belong to I: let them at least sleep): timchiol da fhichid eiccin tunna saloinn some forty tons of salt Fl. Earls 26.22 ; 86.27 ; 174.26 . meide eiccin tuile a certain amount 64.13 . no biodh eiccin forchoimédaighe...for ind an tslébhe a certain number of watchmen AFM vi 2128.5 .

érimm, éraimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. érimm, éraimm or dil.ie/20280
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: éraimm, éraim, éirim, érma, hérma

n n, n., later f. n s. éraimm n- (: Frémainn), Metr. Dinds. iii 350.20 . LL 131b39 . éraim éirim, IGT, Decl. § 10 . g s. ind érma , LU 105b14 . TBC-I¹ 675 . na hérma LL 110a14 .

(a) a driving, riding; a drive, gallop: éirim .i. marcaigheachd, O'Cl. ? eirim monstrum in mare gl. siren, Études Celt. xi 127 (Paris Latin 10290 41 a 4) . indlis L. in carpat ┐ lotár for érim, FB 43 . xx. cetharriad for heraimm, Rawl. 74b5 . each fui isin re a ricfa a les eirim when he shall require to ride out Laws ii 154.19 Comm. re heirim n-espa ... re heirim torba riding for pleasure ... for business iii 258.15 . aimsir erma ... aimsir treobtha, 152.4 Comm. ba he luas ind erma donucsad iar mBregaib such was the speed with which they drove TBC-I¹ 675 . di lúas ind érma ronuc Cu C., FB 43 (LU) = and ermo Con C., ZCP iv 160 . ar tressa na hérma dobert Laeg ar da n-echaib Con C., RC xiv 416.24 . ba tairmesc erma ┐ imtechta dona hechaibsin (viz. the bodies of the slain), TTebe 2910 . re snuad-allus na herma the sweat of the galloping 2338 . meracht a herma the excitement of its gallop Laws iii 180.19 Comm. co n-aipiltis araill ... im-medon a n-erma some (steeds) fell dead when galloping CCath. 3481 . la luas a n-eachradh ┐ a n-érma through the swiftness of their horses and the speed of their galloping AFM vi 2206.13 . m'eich-si ... is luath a n-érim, MR 82.15 . pn As name of a horse: Érim, Acall. 268 .

(b) a course or journey: ba trom n-erim do Mac Con | tuidecht ille, techt inond (of an oversea journey), Fianaig. 32.13 . for a n-eraim `on their journey' Ériu viii 156.15 . Hence, in wider and in fig. sense,

(c) a course, procedure, train (of events, etc.); freq. in poetry in chevilles, where its meaning is vague: maso ḟír, fri heraim n-án, | for ṁbith iarmui do Abram, SR 3497 . Eochu Airem, éraimm n-ard, Metr. Dinds. iii 350.21 . eraim n-arg, Laws i 134.9 (in verse) = eirim n-ard, Cóic Con. p. 45 . éraim n-erglan, SR 1468 . érim ngand, Ériu i 68.13 . eraim (erim) nglé, SR 3667 . 1071 . 1267 . 1831 . érim ngrinn, 2253 . 2567 (hérimm). erim ṅgúr, 463 . 469 . érim n-úag, 5497 . 1401 . 2625 . Course, lapse (of a period): gurab gearr guaiseamhail éirim na beatha so, TSh. 7595 . Course, summary (of a story, etc.): ag so síos go cumair éirim na heachtra, Keat. ii 2938 . nochtais dí éirim an sceoil, iii 625 . gach smuaineadh d'éirgheadh d'éirim m'intinne in the course of my thought (?) Hackett iii 7 . Coire Érmae 'Cauldron of Progression' Ériu xli 100-1 , see érma.

esba(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esba(e) or dil.ie/20390
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: n-espai

n io, m. (báe good, profit) uselessness, vanity, folly; idleness, play, wantonness: easba .i. diomhaoines, O'Cl. BCC § 399 . mad espe dom a nopridchim if it be useless Wb. 19d17 . bad n-esbae dam du frecur ceill-siu that it is useless for me to worship Thee Ml. 132b3 . fretech cech espi `renunciation of every vanity' Mon. Tall. § 56 . is espa (.i. is feles) a techt, TBC-I¹ 169 (= LU 56b22 ). esba .i. filus, O'Curry 1388 < H 3.18, 630 . ba hespa ecóir imlúad trenḟir ri comai cluchi, LL 228a36 = TTr. 819 . guide cech maicc lére...ní hespae, Fél. Epil. 430 . oc clesrad ┐ oc espai dona slogaib = variis lusit artibus (of a pet fox) Todd Lect. v 85.14 = IT i 46.25 . dia ndernur uabur no esba commit arrogance or folly LL 279a30 . u. na hespa, 33 . YBL 164a5 . érniud mo chesta...corop espa olloman a poet's sport (?) LL 141b29 . In Laws, with ref. to acts performed without serious intention, in the course of play, sport, heedless trifling (opp. to torba, which refers to an act committed in course of business): in torba no in t-esba, iii 96.13 . re becdeithbirius no re espa , 250.27 Comm. mas re hesba atait maraen `if both are (riding) for amusement' 258.10 Comm. a n-esbo `their idle offences' v 150.26 Comm. Of an idle person; one at play: slan don torbach in t-esba the person on business is exempt as regards the idler (if he accidentally injure the latter) iii 258.16 Comm. gen. as attrib.: bud ferr rann espa ocus ríg-scéla 'amusing (?) staves', Cath Almaine 2.21 , cf. TFrag. 34.11 . raind espai ┐ airchetail, LL 12832 . fri forluamain n-espai `idle volatility' Ériu vii 172.18 . Cf. Ailill Cethech...cethech .i. beimnech ut dicitur bemnech fer espai, Rawl. 124a15 . bá saethar n-espa dóib tíchtain a vain labor LL 220b22 = TTr. 255 . dercad espo, Aisl. Tond. 95.16 . gan ridh [reith v.l.] n-espo frivolous running (on Sunday) Anecd. iii 21.5 . re heirim n-espa...re heirim torba riding for amusement...on business Laws iii 258.15 Comm. scian espa useless dagger (a contemptuous epithet) IT iii 102 § 191 = Bruchst. § 73 . In stricter sense useless, invalid: teora nadmand aspa invalid covenants Laws iv 54.6 . i n-esba idle, unoccupied: na bi a n-espa, is ed timarna in Ri, | lubra, legad, ernaigthi, denadh egin na ni, ZCP vii 310.22 . forcetul nó scribend nó cecip tarba, arna beither ind-espa...ut Dominus ait: non apparebis ante me vacu[u]s , iii 29.31 . Cf. comhcetlud a n-espaibh, BNnÉ 305.28 v.l. im raind a tíri d'espaib | dorigset mor d'imresnaib, SR 5125 .

esgal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esgal or dil.ie/20506
Last Revised: 2013

 

n f. (a) noise, roar (of water); storm, commotion: escal .i. torann, Lec. Gl. 413 ( easgal, M 225 ). eascal .i. anfadh, O'Cl. P. O'C. eascal .i. fuaim; e.¤ .i. tonn, P. O'C. [a]estus .i. ind esgal (gl. metus) Ml. 96b11 (cf. Sg. 36b4 ). rocluinter a torandbrucht ┐ a breisimnech ┐ a esgal iter nellaib (of a whirlpool), Corm. Y 323 . co cluinter a escal amail thoraind do chéin (of same), Dinds. 145 . escal in mórmara oc a trentuargain do basaibh na ruadhrámha, CCath. 1934 . co closs...escal in occiain, 4332 . atracht ascal (escal, esccal v.l.) mór ┐ fodhord isin muir, 1427 . rocoisc eascal in átha, TBC-LL¹ 3880 St (eargla, coigedal v.l.). trait torraid romra aird esgail, Ält. Ir. Dichtg. i 40 § 10 = Rawl. 115a39 . fo bruth na nesgal n-ān, 76a50 .

(b) Fig. (mental) confusion (?) : essgal ┐ tessgal (of confusion and strife in a host) RC xiv 426.17 . rombáid fuil is tesbach tromm, | fuair esgal is anforlond, Metr. Dinds. iii 128.18 . easgal oighreata nó gaoth ghoith-neimhneach na glóire díomhaoine the icy gale TSh. 10720 . cain tesband teim essgal .i. is taitnemach doesband dorchatu esgaile na daille form, LB 241a41 = ZCP iii 224 § 13 ; 'well is confusing darkness absent' Sages, Saints and Storytellers 27 § 14 . on uithir, espa, aineim, adgaire, esgala, CIH vi 2217.21 .

espa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. espa or dil.ie/20562

 

x see esba(e).

2 feles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 feles or dil.ie/21545

 

n m. vanity, futility, uselessness: feilios .i. diomhaoineas ... cib fors mbean a bheim ... | dósamh as feilios finnén a shield is of no use to him O'Cl. is espa (.i. is f.¤), LU 4630 = TBC-I¹ 169 . f.¤ .i. fellas for les, O'Dav. 897 . ní taebh fri fann nā f.¤ , Lism. L. 3467 . cen goí n-úabair cen f.¤ , Ériu iii 96.3 . caithi in feiles fognithea ria sunn ? (vanitas) Aisl. Tond. 95.15 .

inmuilled

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inmuilled or dil.ie/28789

 

Forms: t-inmuilled, inmuille, inmuilled, inmuillti, inmuillid, inmuille, inmuilliud, inmuille

n u, and o, m. vn. of 1 inmuillid. n s. (for a s.) in t-inmuilled , Laws iii 420.3 Comm. a s. inmuille, 196.20 Comm. inmuilled, 518.21 Comm. g s. inmuillti, 518.27 Comm. inmuillid, 526.8 Comm. inmuille, 196.19 Comm. d s. inmuilliud, 518.23 . inmuille, 192.x Comm.

act of inciting, instigating, setting on: masa codnach do rine in i.¤, is slan (sic leg.) cu and, Laws iii 518.21 Comm. scuirid meracht a hinmuillti in leth aile de `the excitement of its being set on takes the other half off it,' 518.y Comm. lan fiach ina inmuilliud fo crod indilsid `full fine for inciting it in pursuit of cattle which he had no right to pursue,' 23 Comm. i.¤ comraiti ... i.¤ espa ... i.¤ innndethbir (sic) `intentional incitement ... incitement through idleness ... incitement for unnecessary profit,' 526.14 , 19 , 24 Comm. do comet in con, can ecodnach d'a hinmuilliud, v 492.12 Comm. gach codhniadhtui (leg. codnaigetu) a mbia fer inmuillid, is dlithidhe cu, ┐ gach egcodhniatai a mbia fer inmuillid is inddlithidhe cu, O'Curry 2516 (< Eg. 88, fo. 42ba ).

1 lige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lige or dil.ie/30199
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: luighi, loighi, lighi, li(u)gu

io, [n., GOI p. 448 ]. luighi loighi lighi (na leaptha) m., IGT Decl. § 2. Vn. of laigid. IGT Verbs § 74. d s. somet. li(u)gu in early texts.

I

(a) act of lying down, reclining, sleeping . Of persons: nicon fordamar suide nó ligi do fir díob `he did not suffer one of them to sit or lie down', Mon. Tall. 85 . ní reid bith fris im longud no im ligi, LU 5957 ( TBC-I¹ 1491 ). ba fer borb . . . im longud ┐ im ligi in Mand, LU 6708 ( TBC-I¹ 2166 ). rocomraicset . . . fri aroile co ttard Cana fo dheoidh ar Cairbri luighe for sccáth a scceith, ZCP xiv 233.9 . dochum a leaptha laighi `her couch', Aen. 628 . ina tigh lighi, Anecd. ii 42.14 . tráth luighe, TD 11.106 . gan luighe araen ar éinphioll, O'Gr. Cat. 367.19. nách áil lighe acht ar chuilt chlúim, IGT Verbs ex. 665 . go dtí leam lighe do Dhia `may God let me rest', Aithd. D. 58.2 .

Of the sun, setting: taithneamh gréine i ngar dá loighe, PBocht 9.13 . ón cheidesbart go luighe ghreine ar n-a bharach, Parrth. Anma 3564 .

Of birds, perching: atconcadar braineoin ┐ badba ┐ ethaidi aeóir . . . ag laidi arna corpaib, ZCP xiii 243.11 . enlaith Erenn do luighe arin mbile sin, BNnÉ 89.25 . Of animals: is feis cach l.¤ , Laws iv 78.8 . Of dust: ar luighe ceo ar ghrís, Content. xiv 19. Note further: is i no marbad in trichait dia figrann (leg. fidchrann?) dia liugu, Fing. R. 1010 and n. 0 dá phudhair luighe gach lis two misfortunes causing prostration, DDána 73.12 . iar luighi a finnfaidh for a bód bunnremar barrdaíngenm (a lion), Études Celt. i 91 10 . Fig. of mystic espousals: más luighe trír dleaghair díom `I may espouse all three', PBocht 9.2 .

(b) With prec. prepp. With I and possess.: lying, in lying position as opposed to standing and sitting; resting, sleeping : suidigis inna liugu amal bid inna chotlud no beth. Irish Texts i 34.4 . nar ablad na ṡuidiu nach ina ligu that he might not die seated or lying down, LL 14045 ( RC iii 181.28 ). ina ṡeasam ┐ ina laigi (of pillar-stones), Ériu ii 26.9 . in lin tallat na suidiu ni tallat 'na ligiu, MR 56.23 . tig 'n-a luighe ar leic a dalta came and lay on her Son's tomb, DDána 30.29 .

Also prostrate , often as a result of violence of distress: gach huili dhúil do beith 'na luighi la homhun, RC xxviii 312. 6 . bátar inn arrachta huili inna ligib, Trip. 194.24 . na dee-si no-t-cuireb-sa uaib iat, co mbet fo-m chosaib i n-a lige, PH 762 . ech . . . in n-a laige fo eri, 5846 . ro chuir ina loighi for lár (of felling trees), CCath. 1783 . con-da-acca inna crois[fh]igil in hi ligiu ossí oc irnaghti, Irish Texts i 2.21 . sluagh na lighi a gcosair chró, IGT Decl. ex. 48. Cf. ina laighi laech-miled lying as a conquered warrior, MR 270.17 . In certain contexts sick, confined to bed by ailment : galar do gabail Tairrdelbaig . . . , co raibe fada 'na laighe, RC xviii 154.16 . othar blíadhna luidhe Guill `a sick man for one year—so long was Goll in bed(?)', Duan. F. ii 316 § 64. Note: tecla l.¤ .i. duine sirg. Doloris alicujus absque vulneracione `bedridden person', BCrólige 8 . Fig.: tír 'na loighe tír Dá Thí afflicted, DDána 93.3 . Note also: a mbeth na l.¤ ris in cinaid `lies imprisoned for the crime' (`liability for', Plummer MS. notes) Laws i 106.21 Comm . gach nidh d'á n-aibeoradh do chur 'na luidhe ar a phobul to impress on his people, Keat. i 62.26 . With OC = ina ligiu: mé ag loighe is mo chneas ar clúmh, Dán Dé xxix 2 . iomdha ag loighe, . . . / aréir san bhaile a mbímís, Studies 1924, 85 § 2 .

With follg. prepp. With AR: Of occupation, work, applying oneself to: más é díoth a aithearraigh / tug ortsa luighe ar mhíbheirt, L. Cl. A. B. 288.22 . luighe ar mo psaltair nár chleachtas im bhuachaill, Keat. Poems 1435. Of lying on a dead body as form of mourning: dom choeniud ┐ do llige form, Rawl. 130b33 ( ZCP iii 3.11 ). ar éise a croidhe do chrádh / sámh léi-se loighe ar a laogh (of Virgin), Dán Dé ii 24 . it luighe a Mhoire ar do Mhac / is dá Mhuire oile iomad `fainting over', vi 16 . Note also: cuirfiom luighi ar Lios Túathail . . . 's loighi ar ghoirm-Leic, Ériu ix 163 § 9. Fig. oppressing : Mac Muire ní doilghe dhó / luighe oirne ná orra. Dán Dé xxv 18 . is ineagluighthe dhuit a lámh throm do luighe ort, TSh. 3473 . air ro batar na saerchlanna ac laigi forsna ferannaibh i rabatar sum, ZCP xi 60.22 . aen dib do bai ac loigi fair do inta som fris, Ann. Conn. 1230. 7 . tiug an tsluaig do loigi air the main force pressed him hard, Ann. Conn. 1398. 5 . mo bharr moirne ag duine dhíobh / ag luighe oirne d'imshníomh. L. Cl. A. B. 111.24 . Legal: laige co tren for ferund forcible entry, Laws v 432. 5 Comm .

With DO submitting to: tar éis luighe dá fhlaith neamhdha / do mhaith uile a ndearna dó (of Peter), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvi 8 . With FO: ag loidhe fan éagóir uirthe `pressing against the odds on it', Studies 1923, 599 § 14 . With FRI, LA cohabiting with: laige fri bangrád, LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). bean do-chuaidh libh do loighe, Aithd. D. 64.18 . an bhean do iarr loighe lat, TD 29.68 . gach aon-fhear léi-se ag luighe, Keat. Poems 1133. Fig. act of agreeing with, being well-disposed towards : searc na cléire íad re aroile, / 'siad re chéile ag loighe leó, L. Cl. A. B. 251.60 . car mhiste dhuit féile leamsa luighe `if bounty shared her couch with me', Ó Bruad. ii 36.3 . Cf. mór espa do láech / laigi fri súan serglige to yield to, LU 3518 ( SCC 28 ); 'to lie in sleep of wasting sickness' SGS vii 59 . laige re nīth (ndíth, v.l.) to yield to, ML² 1276.

(c) In various phrases with adj. or defining gen.: loighi aeisi dho in loighi a dtá old age, Acall. 1375 . seal san lathaigh, loighe an doill, DDána 50.4 (reference obscure). imgaibh luighi claen is col unlawful intercourse, Acall. 589 . i llige chro expl. of crólige, BCrólige 1 n. 1 . o domrala il-ligi leoin illness, ZCP vi 263.11 . ná tuit fri l.¤ lesce sloth, Imr. Brain § 30 . l.¤ séolae, l.¤ siúil lying-in, lying in childbirth, childbirth, childbed (cf. II): rosalt asa lighi siúil / Conaire, Metr. Dinds. iv 58.7 . dobi a bean ina luighe seola ar mbreith deisi mac dí, Fier. 197a . dobhi bean in eathaigh . . . ina luighe seola, 203 . dol dḟios na Rioghna ata ina luighe seóla iar mbreith deise mac, Ériu v 166.41 . Cf. luidhe travailing, delivery, Eg. Gl. 573.

With obj. gen.: cach uimme ag loige a laime plying him with blows, BB 44b57 .

Perh. in phr. copán laoidhe: gan cead do bheuth ag aoinneach uirid an chopáin laoidhe do chungbháil i n-aon áit . . . a mbiaidh m'oighreadha `guest-cup(?)' (night cap?), Maguires of F. 93 (i.e. to offer any hospitality at all?). Cf. 97 .

In obscure phr. léim luighe (final leap(?), death-throe ? Cf. sense II (b)?): foccus duid do leim luide, Irish Texts ii 55 § 40. mar rug léim luighe fan lic / fa géim na hoighe [má heilit] (Mary at tomb of Christ), DDána 27a.24 . beir leat sinn . . . / dom anmain gomadh léim loighe, 25a.23 . go rug fan lia a léim loighe `lying leap' (of Christ), PBocht 17.2 . rug in maith ar a lēim luighe, O'R. Poems 3600.

II

(a) bed, couch : l.¤ gl. torus, Sg. 52b10 . l.¤ gl. hic lectus, 107a4 . intan nombíth innaligiu, Ml. 55c19 . baoes (= bes) beith inda ligiu `it may happen in bed', Mon. Tall. 63 . dobérat Ulaid a mná dóera chucu i llige, LU 5613 ( TBC-I¹ 1134 ). i lligi la mnai Find i taidhe, Corm. Y 1018 (87.17) . ni chotlu leth na h-aidche im ligu, IT i 79.15 . techt hi ligi `going to bed', Laws ii 124.19 Comm . ben ar-a-dala fer cuice i muine no l.¤ , v 272.8 . bidh lighi tren ┐ truagh, Lism. L. 3512 . ragaid mac illigie a ath[ar]. ragaid ath[air] alligi a m[ei]c, ZCP xii 406.28 . ? messam laidi lethard, ACL iii 230.155 . nibi i fledaib na lígaib fris-gní, Wb. 27b3 .

Of dogs kennel, lair : nirbo cuingi ime a lighe chon, Anecd. ii 72.8 .

(b) Fig. grave, flat burial space (as opposed to fert, lecht): íccfaid drucht a ligi, Fél. Ep. 224 . nábad airdairc a ligi, LU 2793 . in corp roláad . . . / for l.¤ lór Helessé, SR 7182 . cach fert ┐ cach lecht, cach lia ┐ cach ligi, TBC-LL¹ 5704 . is samlaid atá in ligi. ┐ cloch bec fo thalmain na airthiur ┐ alaile na iarthur, LL 3845 . ní hadnaghar og lighiu fir no mna, O'D. 2375 ( Rawl. B 506 45b ). tri duirn a h'úir deirg . . . / d'úir ligi leptha Cíaráin `from the bed of clay where C. lies', Metr. Dinds. iv 84.64 . isat ili . . . / a ligi ┐ a lechtáin, 134.32 . loc di cetamus l.¤ Fergusa maic Roich aitt in rohadnucht ar Mag nAi, ACL iii 3.3 . batar imdha leacht ┐ laighi laech ┐ curud gan chend don fobairt (`lairs'), Aen. 3052 . cia in feart do claidhead go mór . . . / a fhad is méd a luighe / uime atú da fhíafraighe `burial space', Duan. F. ii 32.2 . cía in feart dona / ga ffuil in luige fada, 32 § 1.

In legal phrase: a nastudh ara ligi, O'D. 2295 ( Rawl. B506, 28a ) (if children of doubtful parentage have not been affiliated before the death of the putative father, Plummer MS. notes).

In nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

lubair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lubair or dil.ie/30874
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: laubair, lubra, lebuir, lubar, lubfur

n i, f. (Lat. labor(em), Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 238. See also GOI p. 51 ). Also laubair, lubra, lebuir; with non-palatal -r: lubar, ACL iii 314 § 27 . lubfur, ZCP iii 29.28 . See also below. Gender influenced perh. by opar, but see Vendryes, De Hibernicis Vocabulis 78 .

(a) labour, work : a[i]cced cacha laubra, Críth G. 409. im l.¤ ┐ im tech naidhidh, O'D. 1708 ( H 2.16, c. 920 ). mas duine nach grad tuc a biadh no a lubra amach, O'Curry 2442 ( Eg. 88 f. 36(37)a ). coro shaerustar .x. mbliana cen l.¤ cen saethar iat, RC xii 432.28 . nirbo lethmáel ind l.¤ / ro marb Crechmael comchubaid feat, LL 22263 . sáor airmittnech . . . dognídh lubhair gach naoimh, BNnÉ 10.13 . mad dognither l.¤ . . . do drochtib ┐ toc[h]raib `work at bridges and causeways', RC xii 430.8 . lubhra . . . ┐ lesaighte `works and repairs', Cog. 138.28 . iar ndenum na lubhra, Laws ii 36.19 Comm . don ti oca ndentur in lubhra, 21 Comm . in lubhair, 27 Comm . lagsa for lugair (leg. l.¤), Ériu xviii 64 § 32 . lubhra .i. obair, O'Cl. In legal phrase saíre lubra: suire lubru [.i.] on trath co raile `workman's free-quarter', Laws ii 36.3 . in tsaire lubra, 23 . saoire lubhra, no biata, O'Curry 2442 ( Eg. 88, 36(37)a ). See also fáer.

(b) In religious context manual work (carried out by monk): tuesmot a fuil i n-áini ┐ i laubair ar Chríst `in fasting and in labour', Thes. ii 247.20 . cé rucésa áini nú laubir n-oco `although he suffer fasting or labour', Thes. ii 247.4 (leg. cení césa aíni na laubir n-oco 'although he does not endure fasting or labour thereby' Celtica xxi 417 ). mad airchiund dia laubuir ┐ ernaigti, Ériu vii 172.18 . di lebuir, 138.25 . cen ṡaethar lubra no ernaigthi, LL 285b43 . trī torba isind ló .i. érnaigthi ┐ l.¤ ┐ legund, ZCP iii 29.27 . crābad, ecna óg / lubar lor rit lind, KMMisc. 274.10 (libuir v.l.). do denamh a sáetha[i]r / do móradh a lubar, BNnÉ 309.26 . ferr l.¤ áine, RC xlv 26 § 39 . trédi indarbus démnu . . . l.¤, díthreb, áine, PH 8390 . Gilla mo-C. . . . tuir . . . lubhra ┐ trebaire, Gorm. Mar. 31 (gl. 4) . nā bī a n-espa, / is ed timarna in Rī / lubra, lēgad, ernaigthi, / dēnadh ēgin na nī, ZCP vii 310 § 6 . robé l.¤ eculsa Dē isna lāmaib-sea, ACL iii 232.29 . do lubhair a tempuil / ceilebradh is crabhadh, BNnÉ 308.23 . roddet in cach cill cháid / . . . l.¤ cretra commairg, Ériu viii 67.20 . Also in general sense of religious duty: tredan . . . is í l.¤ as dech la Dia dognither i talum, RC xii 428.y . iar ndenamh iolar mainisdreach ┐ recclés, ┐ gacha lubhra ecclustacda `duty', AFM iii 8.14 .

As quasi-vn.: occ lubair ┐ acc ernaighte (saothar, v.l.), BNnÉ 300.3 .

naidm(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. naidm(m) or dil.ie/32930
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: nadmaidm, -maim, nadmmaim, naidm, nadma, nadmen, nadmand, naidhm

n, neut. vn. of naiscid; not found in Glosses. d s. do nadmaidm (leg. -maim), Laws iv 60.15 . dag-nadmaim, v 366.13 . nadmmaim, Cóic Con. 46 § 78. Later naidm. g s. nadma, Laws i 84.28 , iv 210.8 . n a p. nadmen, ZCP xiii 22.12 ; Bürgschaft 30 § 79 ; prob. older form, Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 104. secht nadmand, Laws v 366.1 . teora nadmand , iv 54.6 (as fem.). tri nadmanda, iv 56.25 . naidhm m., IGT Dec. § 41.

As vn. the act of binding (in fig. sense), pledging: is amlaid ro badar som oc naidm a cor ┐ a ndāla, TBC-I¹ 2249. naidm inna Boraime ┐ naidm na ggiallne Laghen ` exaction ', AU 720 (maidm MSS. in both cases), cf. AFM 717. do naidm Poliuxina ingeni Priaim dó to betroth, TTr.² 1596.

A bond, pledge, contract; a surety who guarantees a contract by means of his honour Stud. Hib. viii 52 : naidhm .i. connradh, O'Cl. naidm níad a champion's pledge, TBC-LL¹ 604. coro gabh naidhm Donnchada ┐ Concobhuir fria reir a n-athar exacted a pledge from D. and C. that they would obey their father, AU 914. Freq. in Laws, see Bürgschaft p. 4 , 33 , 56 fg. : fuil fir saiges naidm `blood of a man who sues contract', Laws v 142.9 . tellach la naidm ┐ raith ┐ fiadnaise `entry with bond and security and witness', 206.4 . ni faid nech na seotu-so cin naidm a taisic `no one lends these articles without security for their restoration', 278.7 . ecoir nadma [persons] incapable of contract, i 84.28 . ate teora nadmand aspa [= espa] naiscaidtear la Feine `three defective covenants' (bonds which do not hold), iv 54.6 . atait nadmana naisce ni na torbongat ar ni rochat a nadmann naisce .i. mac beoathar for a athair, ZCP xiii 21 , 28 ( H 3.18 p. 19b ). naidm meisce (a contract made by a drunken man), H 5.15 p. 14b ( O'D. 1620 ). ni taithmig naidm soscela (a contract made on the Gospels?), H 4.22 p. 54b ( O'Curry 2030 ). naidm nadmann do gradaib flatha ┐ rath do gradhaib feine, H 3.18 p. 301 ( O'Curry 623 ). cs̄, cadeat tri gnima nadma? imcoimet neic a naicdicher arna tormastar ni fair ┐ arna dighaibhthar de, a luighe cen conn, ┐ a saigith cen ailseth 'to hold in mind that for which he is invoked so that nothing be added to or subtracted from it, swearing to it without reservation, and enforcing it without negligence' CIH ii 594.18 , GEIL 171 . áilsed nadma, Críth G. 305 .

súan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súan or dil.ie/39098
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: suain

n o. s.¤, o, m., IGT Decl. § 96 (130.16) .

sleep, slumber (usually of magically overpowering sleep, Celtic Language, Celtic Culture 184 ).

(a) s.¤ ┐ álgine, TBFr. 115 . iar . . . comattrib na colla cona s.¤ ┐ cona sádaile lethargy, LU 2078 ( FA 15 ). diambad . . . Fergus níthastar (sic leg.) s.¤ , LU 3537 ( SCC 29 ) `if sleep should overpower Fergus', SC2 (see Speculum xv 283 ). ? do féth suan smacht, O'D. 564 ( H 3.17, 441 ) = smac[h]ta, O'Curry 2454 ( Eg. 88, 37 (38)a ). ferr sūan serba sleep is better than bitterness, RC xlv 22 § 17 (cf. Tec. Corm. § 13.12 - 13 ). a ndiaigh súain, IGT Decl. ex. 1268 . ní mhúinfe dóibh dénamh súain, L. Cl. A. B. 224.138 . suan a croidhe fa corrach her heart was ill at ease, Studies 1933, 311 § 32 . Of Cú Chulainn's `serglige': mór espa do láech | laigi fri s.¤ serglige, LU 3518 ( SCC 28 ). o ro gab s.¤ síthbroga, LU 3571 ( SCC 29 ) `since fairy sleep has overtaken him', SC2. rod dúsci suan slán subach, LU 3593 ( SCC 30 ) `awake from sleep', SC2 (see n. 61 , and cf. LU 3612 ). As quasi-vn.: is loim for saith suan hi fat over-sleeping is as drinking when full (prov.), LU 3610 ( SCC 30 ). deacair suan ar chneidh gcarad, Studies 1918, 280 § 1 . With do-cuirethar: focairtt a suan on trath co 'raili fell asleep, RC xii 80 § 73 . cuirither sāl sūan, Four Songs 8 § 4 . a-tá cupa d'ór ag Aodh | do lá slógh Suca 'n-a suan, Studies 1927, 288 § 11 . With prep. A(S): todiusgud nach aili á suan, Ml. 61b28 . eirg as do sh.¤ , PH 1333 . arna duscad asa suan, TTebe 643 . With I: in tí bíss ina suan, Laws i 104.2 Comm . iat fén i n-a suan, PH 7532 . rouatar . . . ina suan, TTebe 269 . im sheasamh im shuidhe im shuan, DDána 19.2 . i suan nó i ndúsgadh, TSh. 1175 . Of rivers: sreb 'na suan the slow-moving stream, Irish Texts ii 66 § 25 . trom do shuan a shenabann, 11 § 4 . suan na sruth, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 11 .

(b) With follg. attrib. gen.: focheird i s.¤ cotolta, RC x 50.11 . o ra[t]huit a suan sirchotalta ar na sluagaib, TTebe 1886 . cor thoit suan codalta fair, ALC i xxxvi z . iar tepe na noem eclaisi asa thoeb i suan chrochi (birth of the church compared to that of Eve), PH 3429 . suan an fhiadha (i.e. a light sleep), Dán Dé xxiii 29 . Note also: in a suan spirdalta spiritual sleep, Lat. Lives 107.z .

(c) g s. as attrib.: bricht suain spell inducing sleep , Anecd. i 10.8 (see compds.). luighe id chuilt shuain bed-clothes, Keat. Poems 970 . deoch shuain sleeping potion, ZCP vi 292.21 . créad an leabaidh nó an t-inneall suain bhíos aige, TSh. 4169 . dár leabthaibh suain, TD 25.20 . for Siuir suain `on the silent S.', Leb. Cert. 16.y (= BB 267b47 ). fon sruth súain `smooth', Metr. Dinds. iv 174.31 . tech suain na horchra in áird tiar `sleeping-house (i.e. abode, headquarters) of gloom', O'Gr. Cat. 350.26 (in elegy). coro tholiur mo thromthairthim súain ┐ chotulta and-so heavy slumber, TBC-LL¹ 3286 . beg nár thuit 'na thoirrchim súain, L. Cl. A. B. 240.110 (see compds.).

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤bás deathlike sleep : co corastar for slūagu sūanbās (of a harp), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 9 § 1 = ZCP iii 6.3 = coselastar for sluagu suanbas .i. bas cotolta, LU 623 (ACC). ¤bricht = bricht súain supra: suainbrect seachtmaine dorat in drai forro, RC xliii 36 § 33 . ¤fhled: um shuain-fhleidh an dúin daeinigh `quiet banquet', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 350.5 . ¤lige = súan: le suanlaighi Sáraidi, ML² 1557 . ¤lepaid: dá súainleabthuibh sróil, IGT Decl. ex. 1112 . ¤lis: atá . . . | do shuainlios gan leaba bhláth dormitory, Measgra D. 59.58 . ¤rosc: suanrosc soilbhir `calm, cheerful eye', Ó Bruad. iii 66.21 . ¤tairthim = tairthim súain supra: baí ina s. cotulta, LU 6354 .

(b) With adjj. ¤binn: cruit [meic] M. aca seinm co suanbhinn, Comp. CC 81.26 . ¤chotultach: for an lucht báttar go sóinmheach suanchodaltach, AFM v 1652.8 . ¤gerr: i bfeichemh shuaingherr `brief-slumbered', O'Gr. Cat. 504.15 . géag shuainghearr (a chief), Aithd. D. 15.4 . ¤shocair: ón adhbhaidh budh shuanshocra of most peaceful slumber, Aithd. D. 45.5 . ¤trom: cid cia ro chodail . . . co suan-trom, MR 110.y .

torbae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. torbae or dil.ie/41441
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: torba, tarbha, torbud, tarbud, tarba, tarba

n io, n. vn. of 1 do-rorban. Later , f.; torba tarbha, IGT Decl. § 3 (p. 44.28) . Also torbud, tarbud.

(a) profit, benefit: torbe ł. forás gl. proreatum, Wb. 11b3 . ní tarcat torbe, 31d10 . a torbae aratorsata, Ml. 42b13 . ced torbe frisateícomnacht, Wb. 19c8 . cid torbae aratorsata ┐ cia gním dugniat inna duli, Ml. 120c7 . do thorbu, Wb. 22b19 . ished torbe nammáa tra ara tobarr labrad ilbelre, 12d29 . inmade .i. níbtá torbe de, 19b10 . act ropocho torbu æcolsa, 13a27 . nitat torbi fri toil dée . is diliu lemm didiu ani as torbae oldaas aní as dílmain, 11b17a . issathorbe feisin són nammá, 12c25 . is torbe sochuide són, 28 . mór saido. becc torbai, Thes. ii 296.4 . fess cech n-aidchi ... tairbi tigi Solamain, SR 7018 . tech fri comdail cech tharbai, 4373 . is torbe dian promam `'tis a profit if we prove it,' Fél. Prol. 143 . ni lugu do foglaib fofechat olldas di thorbu dogniat, Laws v 404.22 . is mo torbud na cor si oldas a n-innruidiu, 286.1 . ni mor airilliud a torbai fri slan na somaine, 250.3 . ar aindi adgaibter torbae iar n-etórbu, i 254.10 . na hindlithe re torba `before they are productive,' i 190.4 . dulbaire torbai `dumb on useful matters,' Tec. Corm. § 16.82 . cia torbo mo accallaim ?, RC iii 345.4 . cia torba lim, ACL iii 296 § 38 . dorat tochmarc ar tharbha, Metr. Dinds. iii 88.5 . ni thaisce ní. | Níba t.¤ , LU 3499 ( SCC 26 ). ni thairce tarba nā somáin do nech, PH 8385 . dēna comann re lucht fedma, ūair dogēbhair tarbha as, ZCP vi 272 § 4 . is de ma dogné tarba `if you make use of it,' Ériu v 116.32 . ni fuil tarba in tachair-sea na Tebi, TTebe 1506 . nach raibe tarbadh na taigheradh there was nothing to gain by keeping him in view, Caithr. Thoirdh. 82.13 . bí tarbha ann gach uile sháothar, Proverbs xiv 23 . messait cāch fri torbha puiplidhi ann fēin ier n-inmhedhōn an tegh so, Fl. Earls 182.5 . an tarbha puiplidhi do chongbáil suass, 92.17 . uachtaráin no breithimh na tarbha puiblidhe of the public weal, Ó Héodhusa 166.17 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht `before his benefits could be realised,' Studies 1927, 436 § 4 . ar dteachta a dtarbha, Aithd. D. 6.27 . gan tarbha i dtagra rut, 98.32 . tuile gan tairbhe, DDána 75.21 . ní thug toradh na tarbha ar chomhradh na caemrighna ` heed ,' Études Celt. i 79.23 . g s. as adj. profitable, beneficial : cen tlí tarba , SR 6539 . nistailged tairecc tarbha, Metr. Dinds. iii 4.29 . nírbo thaiscid torba, iv 72.40 . nír luaghail tarbha, Aithd. D. 97.24 . As vn. fuair ac Ethar Druim na náighedh | teinidh ac tarba na tréd `to benefit ,' SG 27.26 .

is t.¤ do it benefits: is mór a thorbe de dúnni, Wb. 1a3 . ni torbe do animdibe adchi cách, 2a2 . anastorbe do sochudi dia nícc, 11c6 . ced torbe doib etarscarad etir fria tola, 13c6 . ni torbe do bóu, 30b6 . cote mothorbese dúib mad amne labrar, Wb. 12c36 . nirba tarba ... cathbarr do chind in curad, TTebe 3283 . nī mōr tarbai duit, TBC-I¹ 1085 . ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 . ratharbha dháibh a dhídean, DDána 75.4 . ní tairbhe dhamh teacht, Ériu i 87.1 . nir tarbaidh doibsium sin, MS. Mat. 530.12 .

téit i dt.¤ do profits, benefits: mh'fheidhm i dtarbha gion go dtéid `though my service is useless to Thee,' Dán Dé ix 18 . ar a roimhéad théid i dtarbha, DDána 15.2 . ionnus go rachadh do bhuidheacht ... i dtarbha `ut proficiatur propitiatio ... tua,' TSh. 5070 . téid éinbhiadh amháin i ndochar don easlán ┐ i dtarbha don duine slán, 1112 . mellion amhāin tēit a tt.¤ don diūc `makes one million profit,' Fl. Earls 82.6 .

for t.¤ for a purpose: uair is for tarbai ro-comarléiced dón rig co ro-thechtad claideb, PH 4077.

fri t.¤ for (the) benefit (of): dénaid fri tarba cech druing | arcc amra, SR 4301 . fri tairbe, fri timthirecht, 4536 . mac Dauid fri tarba trén, 7041 . fri ar tarba, 7841 .

dá th.¤ in consequence: do-gēba luach a taisgeda dá tarba, ML² 1495 . dogeibhdiss na daoine uaissle imat ōir ... dia thorbha `in consequence,' Fl. Earls 124.5 .

(b) usefulness, labour, work: nā bud sgēlach cēilidhech, dēna [leg. dēnad ?] t.¤ airm i mbī, ZCP vii 311 § 9 . tanic teirt dénamm tarbai | co rrísam in rigadbai, KMMisc. 148.1 . trī t.¤ isind lo .i. érnaigthi ┐ lubair ┐ legund, ZCP iii 29 § 16. ind lubfur do fodail i trī .i. do thorba fadēine .i. do thorba do luic do neuch bas fīrtóis[c] do, araill do chuit inna mbrāthar, araill do gor ina coimnesam .i. rop d'forcetul nó scrībend nó cecip tarba arnābeither ind espa , § 17. ni fogni laisim fachmarc scel doib acht a torbai frisa tiagad ambain `it is not his usage to ask them for news but to see that they profit in those matters only for which they come,' Mon. Tall. 127.17 .

(c) Laws. useful work, or person (opposed to espa , q.v.) : in t.¤ no in t-esba, Laws iii 96.13 . re heirim n-espa ... re heirim t.¤ , iii 258.15 Comm. isi fagail etgedi a fuil detbir t.¤ ┐ espada co bas ┐ na fuil iar mbás in tespad, O'Curry 230 ( H 3.18, 125 ).