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adbar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbar or dil.ie/340

Forms: isa n-a., adbara, adhbhar

n o, n. a s. isa n-a.¤ , Ml. 138c3 . n p. adbara, LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). adhbhar m. IGT Decl. § 11 . See Celtica i 337 .

I

(a) matter, material: isa na.¤ nephdelbaigthe gl. informemque materiam, Ml. 138c3 . ri rothepi . . . / asin cheta.¤ admas / talam . . ., SR 30 . ba terc cach n-a.¤he had little of any substance, LU 11008 . aprisce in adbhuir dian-ar-forcoimnacair `the fragility of the matter whereof we have been made', Ériu ii 122 § 62 . co cruthaigfea in comdiu . . . curpa dind adbur toltanaigfes do cip é méit . . . in t-a.¤ , LU 2595 . a.¤ tened, BColm. 54.20 . d'iarraidh adhbhair cruite, Keat. ii 2692 . a.¤ in ard-naim the ingredients of the saint i.e. his discent or genealogy SG 18.3 . Med. iomad adhbhair (adhbhar v.l.), festering matter, Trompa na bhF. 7436 .

(b) materials etc., serving a special purpose, gear, equipment: roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain, LU 8046 ( FB 1 ). mad fige a loscad etir garmain ┐ cech n-a.¤ olchena `the loom-beam and all other materials', Ériu ii 206 § 27 . a h-adbara ┐ a aídimmi (of a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). nirthá do lín na h adbor cathugud trisna barbárdu sa `he has neither number nor gear to fight', 220a25 (ib. 220). is athais mor daib muna derntai calma amlaid sin ┐ febus in adbair fuil agaib, Aen. 2465 .

(c) Of persons with follg. gen. in sense of makings (of), one fit to be (hardly to be distinguished from damna in similar use, in spite of O'Don. Gram. p. 445 ): a.¤ ríg, Sc.M² § 14 . int a.¤ rig is ferr do bi da coiced fein, Ann. Conn. 1272.4 . airchideóchain Tuama . . . ┐ a.¤ aird-espuic , Hy Fiach. 114.12 (`? archdeacon with right of succession', Plummer MS notes). a.¤ suad, AU ii 508.4 . a.¤ gaiscedaig the makings of a warrior, LL 8581 . is breath adhbhair Ioldánaigh / do bhí ar Eoin E. was estimated as a young `Ildánach ', Arch. Hib. i 90 § vi . Hence of a grade of poet: itir éceas ┐ adhbar i.e. both poets and students (of poetry), Oss. v 40.5 . adhbhar oideadh young poets (makings of teachers), DDána 46.3 . do chuir geall . . . / fa dhán re hadhbhar eile challenged another student about a poem, 90.16 . Note also: ni raibi do shluagh adbhur cathaigthe friu there was not any army fit to fight with them, TTr.² 1438 .

Hence of successors (actual or potential) to particular offices (kingship, abbacy, etc.) usually with eulogistic implications: D. rí Midhi ┐ a.¤ ríg Erenn, RC xviii 277.13 (Tig.). a.¤ tigerna Breagh, AFM ii 880.14 . ádbar comarba Phattraicc, 762.7 . C. a.¤ ollaman na Brefne, Ann. Conn. 1411 § 22 . gurvo hadhbhar nuachair d'Eirinn antí Conall, ZCP xiv 223.12 . an t-adhbur imperi bis inadíaidh ` heir-apparent ', Maund. 192 . adhbhur a chlemhna his intended son-in-law, Ériu v 188.451 .

(d) subject-matter (of discussion, literary work, etc.): do chum do sgeóil do bhuain ré hádhbhar i.e. so that your fable should have a bearing on the matter under discussion, Desid. 3563 . in tan adchid in filid . . . in tadbur a subject for his poem, Laws i 44.3 Comm. adhbhar ceoil ar gcomhlabhra `the sweet subject of our language', Content. xxv 1 . neithe nach beanann ré hadhbhar which are not to the point, TSh. 9063 . a bhaoghlaigh / do chor-sa is adhbhar aonaigh thy business is idle market talk, DDána 4.9 . dob é m'oide ar adhbhoraibh, TD 23.9 .

II

(a) cause, ground, reason: ciadcobrinn moidim do dénum ni bói a.¤ híc, Wb. 17d17 . a.¤ fáilte, 20a9 . adbur na cnete, IT i 123.7 . a.¤ móide cause of anger, Dán Dé xxv. 15 . ionnbhúr n-adhbhar uathbháis ┐ miosguis ag Dia, Trompa na bhF. 457 . adhbhar cumhadh, TD 14.4 . a adhbhar d'iomchar na croiche / i gcoinne an bháis do bhí ag drud the reason for carrying his cross, DDána 30.12 . adhbair asa ndleghait soin, ZCP viii 116 § 16 . is é is a.¤ dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . is é adhbhur ma tánac chucaib-si, do innisin scéal an domain díb, RC xxiv 371.3 . mór n-adhbhar fárbh aontuighthe, TD 20.53 . cuma leis ternó nó gan terno a cath acht co cuired a clú adhbar dá adhbaraibh provide he should be famous for some reason(?), Expugn. Hib. § 15 . corop i n-adbur na haighi sin rogaba bás that he may die because of that fawn, Todd Nenn. 182.12 . tuig . . . fa adhbar áiridhe . . . gurab edh as áil linn `that for a certain reason we desire', CS 2.1 . ar an adhbhar go ttoirmeasccann an fercc . . . carthanacht etorra féin, Ériu xv 28 § 2 . ar an adhbhar in aimsir S. Clára . . . ní raibhe áonchlabhsdra aca, 96 § 3 . ar adhbharaibh aile `for other reasons', AFM ii 918 note c. méid m'orchra ar an adhbhar-sa for this reason, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.6 .

(b) Of the cause of a quarrel, battle, etc.: cath . . . fa a.¤ coir, RC xxiii 404.15 . sila ┐ adbair in catha, CCath. 3852 . is d'adbaraibh catha Chula Dremne sin, RC xvii 143.4 . is a.¤ ṅdegdebtha, LL 12109 . Hence absolutely in sense of casus belli: adbur no bidbanus, O'D. 1376 (E 3.5, 26a). can adbur can bidbanus, Laws v 142.18 Comm. olc in ta.¤ dia mbói sin LL 20624 . fobith . . . a nadbair ┐ a nesaenta re aroile, AFM iv 1010.22 . tosach an adhbhair eiséin `he is the cause of the dispute' TD 3.26 .

(c) Of the ground, pretext for a claim, charge : bít oc dénum adbair do argain na n-óglach, PH 7528 . dall-adbur no ferai form `you bring an unfounded charge against me, RC xiv 243.44 . caide in t-abur assa fuighmis hé?, Acall. 5215 . fágbhaim an t-adhbhar faoi féin / ní beag nod dfhior mar eiséin affair(?), Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 20 . ní ḟuil ní d'adhbhar aige, TD 8.32 . nár lim gan a.¤ éigin without some pretext (of someone returning uninvited), O'Gr. Cat. 352.19 . sé 'na ṡeanadhbhar ó ṡin an ancient cause ever since, TD 7.33 . anaic sinn ar ár n-damnadh / glanaidh sinn ó ar sean-adhbhar, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 382.4 .

In phrase lucht adbair people who bring charges, complaints(?); people with a grievance(?): mhaithmhechas na naindligheadh do thabhairt do lucht adhbhair, Ó Héodhusa 230 z . lucht adhbhair tar éis a ndiomdha, TD 29.19 . bíse it armaibh re hucht gcean / a lucht adhbhair go n-airgthear, 19.15 .

airlám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlám or dil.ie/2168

n (lám) custody, possession: do bhí urláimh na Banbha / ag cloinn Míleadh . . ., Content. xv 72 . leó féin orláimh an oinigh (: congbháil) `with them is the custody of hospitality', TD 10.16 . ro gabh orlaimh cloidhim an Rígh chuga (of a newly appointed Lord Justice), Hugh Roe 140.11 (fo. 37b) . rug E. . . . leath Eireann as ár nurláimh, ML 62.34 . Caisiol na ríogh do eadhbairt do chraibhdheachaibh cen orlaimh laoich na cleirich fair, AFM ii 966.16 . a rogha urlaim (sic) intan dleghar urláim fair, O'D. 647 ( H 3.17, c. 481 ). i n-a.¤ in (to) the possession, custody of: rohaithned iarsin i n-ērlaim espuic C[h]orccaige, MacCongl. 43.5 . fáccbhaim fós an mBachail mbáin / ata accam im urlaimh, BNnÉ 271 § 242 . ro fháccaibh araill ele diobh i n-orláimh Iarla Desmumhan, AFM vi 2164.12 . dá dtugdaois cách é 'na n-orláimh / sé d'foghbháil nárbh orasa, TD 16.44 . dul 'na hurláimh as usa / 'ná cungmháil a cádhusa (of worldly wealth), L. Cl. A. B. 172.19 . In phrase d'a.¤ : clódh nach fuil aca d'urlāimh `a victory beyond their power', Content. xviii 27 . énmhac ríogh gan ollamh d'urláimh / ní fhuighinn d'uaislibh bhfer bhFáil . . . acht tú, L. Cl. A. B. 191.33 .

Freq. in legal phrase a.¤ choitchend handing over of a pledge to a third (neutral) party or authority: (There is no way of determining the quantity of the second -a- in the legal exx. infra, and in the preceding modern exx. there may have been recomposition, ed.) in gell do tabairt i nurlaim coitcind, O'Curry 336 ( H 3.18, p. 185a ). ma ro fuataig in set on urlaim coitcenn, 2160 (Eg. 88, f. 4(5)b). urlaim coitcenn do damthain don eisinnraic, 2265 (ib. f. 19(20)d). ro det a cron iarsin do mend .i. ro damasdar . . . a cur a n-urlaim coitchind, O'Dav. 1362 . common custody, pound(?): smachtgille .uii. maid na bo (.i. a n-urlaim coitcinn) fri cert `in gemeinsame Für-Hand', Cóic Con. 23 § 21 . is sed is smachtgille .uii. maid ann .i. cutrumus .uii. maid na bo iar fir do tabairt i n-urlaim coitcinn ré aithne na conair[e] fuigill is cert, 32 § 30 . [lan]gilli na bo . . . do tabairt a n-urlaim coitcinn re aithne na conaire fuigill as fir guro-gabat do laim tagra, § 28.

1 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithnid or dil.ie/2761
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aithnigid

v (1 aithne). Also aithnigid. Replaces earlier ad-noí, q.v.

(a) commits for preservation, delivers to, deposits with: ro aithne a eclais do Pátraic, Trip.² 723 (= commendavit). commenda .i. aithnem (leg. -nim, Plummer MS. notes), Laws i 298.21 Comm. mo charpait, m'eich uili n-og nosaithnim do Maine mór aithnim m'elgnatus uili d'Ḟiachaich I bequeath, Rawl. 138a32 . ini ro haithned o'n fir isa hae co facus tar a eisi isin tig, Laws v 196.18 Comm. dia n-aithnir iat cin co be buachaill, 126.28 Comm. (of cattle). don daer . . . ro haithnid na seoit . . . i necmais a tigerna, iii 230.19 Comm. na haithne aithniter don duine in eislind, 220.11 Comm. na huile aithne ro haithnigedh do duine, ii 304.15 Comm. co roaichni in conair fuigill is fir 'that he pledge the Path of Truth' CIH v 1590.11 , ZCP xlix-l 314 . in fear naithnigther in aithne, O'D. 1180 (H 2.15, p. 25 col. 2). ro haithned . . . i n-ērlaim espuic C. `it was then given into the hands of the bishop of C.', MacCongl. 43.5 .

(b) entrusts to, commits to the care of, commends to: ros aithne di alaili óig día forcitul commended her to a certain virgin to be taught, Trip.² 2081 . aithnid occ Cassan do legund, 835 `del- ivers him to C. (to learn) to read', Trip. 77 . atnaig in clēirech leis co C. nD. hī ┐ mos-aithin (leg. nos-a.?) aicce í do lēigenn lē. ACL iii 308 vi 8 . ro aithniset fir Muman a ngiall dia airchisecht, LU 4365 = ngiallu dia n-airchiseacht, Anecd. i 16.8 bestowed their hostages to be looked after. co bo thrí didiu non-aithned Mac con do Chormac offered himself (?), RC xiii 462 § 68 . robi bliadan lan i mbadhud conid iarum ronathnai airisi `then (the sea) gave them up again', Folklore iv 477 § 57 (Edinb. Dinds.). aithnim thú do Rígh na rīgh, ZCP vii 301 § 11 . aithin mé dot oide a Eoin commend me to thy Master, Dán Dé i 1 . is duid aithnes anmanda do carat ┐ a laimdeo `to you she commits the souls of thy friends and her household gods', Aen. 525 . aithnim m'anmain it lámaib, Ériu vi 114 § 2 .

(c) commends, prescribes (a course of action) to (DO): ro athne dam náro chreitind, Trip.² 801 (= non siniuit mihi credere). in tan aithnes aní seo dia apstalaib, LU 2579 . aithnit do (= dó) cogad do denam they exhort him to make war, Cog. 146.16 . d'athain Crist can sin d'innisin `forbade [them] to tell that', Maund. 107 . inní aitheonus mé . . . dogéntar inni sin, BNnÉ 67.y . aithnidir is-ind recht in timna-sa na déirce, PH 5845 . do chuir i gcéill dá fheartaibh / bás t'oidhir nach aitheantair `that His death was not imposed on Him (against His will)', Aithd. D. 59.25 . aithin damsa an tinad point out the place to me, SG 2.29 .

With DE orders, commands: atberim frib . . . ┐ aichnim díb I tell and demand of you, LB 143a45 . ro athain da aes grada can a adhnocol isin brug, YBL 181b19 . aichnigid dia muinteraib can a corpu do chumhscugudh, Todd Nenn. 204 note p. issed aithnius díot an Flaith, ZCP vii 301 § 8 . do aithin de . . . beith ag frecor ecluisi Torón, xi 138 § 255 . aithnighis (ro fuagair v.l.) di gan urcóid do denamh, BNnÉ 8 § 27 . ná bíodh uirre aithnim dí / cumha a meic, DDána 76.13 . ar na neithibh do athain an Tighearna dhíot, Desid. 4883 .

(e) Exceptional usages: ro athain a mathair é ri techt enjoined on him not to go, TTebe 3729 . ? do athain an Coimhdhe re n-a ndídean `called upon the Lord', Maguires of F. § 3 .

archideochain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. archideochain or dil.ie/4006

Forms: oirchidechain, airchideochain, fairchideochain

n (Lat. loanword) archdeacon: airchideóchain T. . . . ┐ adhbhar áird-Espuic archdeacon with the right of succession(?), Hy Fiach. 114.11 = arcidechain, Ann. Conn. 1243.6 . d'airchidichain Ola Finn, 1231.9 = oirchidechain, ALC i 308.6 . airchideochain, AFM iv 772.z . fairchideochain, ALC ii 30.12 . a aircedechuin (a fhairchideochain, airchi-, v.l.) nime ┐ talman (of Deity), Ir. Lit. 2.28 .

athláech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athláech or dil.ie/4801

Forms: asp̄, aspail

n (láech)

(a) ex-layman, one who has become a cleric (presum. at a later age than the normal) = conuersus monachus, V. SS. Hib. ii 249 § xxi etc.; relaicus, 308 § xlvii . athlaoch bói hi comaidecht meic bethad, Mon. Tall. 127.4 (§ 1) . athláich ┐ laichessa, SR 4386 . arra na n-a.¤ ┐ na n-athlaeiches, RC xv 488 § 8 `former lay men and women', Ériu xix 61 . a.¤ do muintir Phátraic, Acall. 2351 . aes aithrigi .i. athlaich ┐ ailithrigh, O'D. 918 (H 3.17, c. 654). fiadnaise boairech no miccléirigh no athlaich craibtigh, 620 (H 3.17, c. 461/2). athlaich fristongat dia pecthaib former laymen who renounce their sins, Laws v 420.15 Comm. araile a.¤ truag, Fél. 10.1 . amail ba bés do athloechaib, 8.3 . gebid mor d'athlechaib (sic) / oppuid mor d'ecnaigib, Lec. 170vb44 . Follg. seem to indicate that the a.¤ was barred from certain eccles. offices: teora cloena di (i.e. the Church), athloech eccraibech ina airchindecht, H 3.17 c. 855.10 . tri hurgoírt hecalsa cailleach fri clog a.¤ ína h-abdhaine . . ., BB 66a5 . ba ha.¤ i cathair n-espuic (asp̄, MS. leg. aspail?), MacCongl. 73.15 .

Of specific persons: it he tri haithlaich Eirenn .i. Énna Áirne ┐ Colmán mac Léneni ┐ Mochammóc Inse Celtra. Cethramad athlaech epscop Erc hi Slane Maige Breg, Anecd. iii 60.19 . eirg cossin n-a.¤ fil issind insi .i. Becan, LL 358 marg. 17 . tri athlaich Erenn .i. Becán etc., Fél. 112 § 5 . Fergail, primathlaech togaidhe, AU ii 82.22 . Maolseachloinn Ua Faoláin, athlaoch tocchaidhe, AFM ii 924.y .

(b) Other applications: adláig bite oc pennit in æclesiís gl. contemptibiles qui sunt in aeclesia, Wb. 9c11 i.e. the sinners who were excluded from the church community between Ash Wednesday and Maundy Thursday, see Celtica iii 261 . an t-ógán, an fear, an seanóir ┐ an t-athlaoch very old man, TSh. 7631 . an t-athláoch nách féadann an t-arm d'iomchar former warrior , Párl. na mB. 3702 . mar inadh oirissimh . . . d'athlaochaibh . . . ┐ do sen-saighdiūirip, Fl. Earls 244.14 .

cathaír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cathaír or dil.ie/8364

n f., g s. ¤e. In later lang. also with k-inflection (Lat. cathedra, GOI 569 ).

(a) chair, seat : fo chathaírib airgdidib, BDD² 1127 . inadh for cathāiri, Cáin Ad. 5 . 'na chatháir . . . dergóir (of Aaron), SR 4516 . rogabsat cathaire gíal / da mac rachaine Rachial, 3003 . os cinn na caithaire, Acall. 792 . cathaire na fairne no-chreccatís . . . na coluime, PH 4393 . an ch.¤ chomnaidi resting-place , MR 234.7 . cathaoíreacha Domhnall Óice, AFM iv 1068.7 . co cathairib ┐ chorónib . . . carrmocail, LU 2052 ( FA 13 ). cona cathairib credhumae fot[h]u `settings' (of precious stones), CCath. 5289 . o cathairibh na cobradh `beds of the bosses' (of shields), 5323 . ? cathair chorr chitus fri culbhard (a metre), IT iii 23.1 . Of royal seat, throne: ? rop cathāer cloth Connacht do chrích (blessing of St Patrick on chieftain), Corp. Gen. 317.y . ina ch.¤ rigdai, LU 2014 ( FA 8 ). 'san gcathaoir i n-a ngairthear rí Sacsan, Keat. i 208.9 . cathaoir an reachta ríogh, O'R. Poems 726 `the seat of kingly rule', Gloss. Of judgment seat: for cathairib in oenaig isin Roimh `rostra', CCath. 5145 . ar an gcathaoir bhreitheamhnais, TSh. 6792 . Of pulpit: in cathair proicepta, RC xvii 358.28 (Tig.).

Further applications: théid do bhuain cathaoireach amach a los a bhfoghluma professorship , Keat. i 72.13 . Of persons seat, source : ar cathāir chanóne (of Colm Cille), ACL iii 218.8 . a cháthaoir na hegna sedes sapientiae, Parrth. Anma 3950 . seacht gcathaoireacha céille (of daughters of humility), DDána 55.15 .

(b) episcopal chair, see, diocese : airdeaspoc chatháoire Patraicc (`throne'), Gorm. Nov. 2 note 6 . Mael M. . . . do dhul a cathair Padraic, RC xviii 152.11 (Tig.). bā hathlæch i cathair n-espuic (prov.), MacCongl. 73.15 . G. C. . . . do oirdneadh i cathair Conmaicne (i.e. in the See of Ardagh), AFM ii 1156.14 . Lā Chatháoire Pheadair Feast of the Chair of Peter, Rial. S.F. 824 .

cúl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúl or dil.ie/13749
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: chúiledh, caúlæ, caula, culad

n o, m. g p. chúiledh, Bard. P. 40.24 . for caúlæ , Mon. Tall. 151.17 . for caula , Ann. Conn. 1235.8 . ar culad , MR 264.z .

(a) back, rear; back of head, neck: cūl a collo , O'Mulc. 255 . o bun irlai co clais a chuil, LL 12968 . it é comlebra for c.¤ ┐ étan, BDD² 747 . tria ch.¤ a cind, TBC-LL¹ 1267 v.l. da nimpōind m'aiged i lleth atā mo chūl, TBC-I¹ 2580 . c.¤ a cinn `back of his head', Stair Erc. 587 . do iompoigh sé a ch.¤ d'imtheacht ó Sh., 1 Sam. x 9 . Also side, edge (?): ata cloch againne danad ainm iris ┐ .u. cula bis uirre, Celtica ii 125.147 . Of head of hair, hair on back of the neck: punnann chúil bhuidhe bhachlaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 583 . fine Chais na ccul ndruimneach, Manners and Customs iii 273 1. 20 of note. c.¤ mar ómra, Keat. Poems 197 . tighearna M. an chúil bhuidhe, O'Rah. 220.2 . In metonymy (pars pro toto): a ch.¤ na ród `o wavy-tressed Lord', Aithd. D. 70.21 . a fhir ṡochair ┐ a chul urbhaidhi, RC xliii 62.7 . Note also: céad cathbarr . . . / go g-c.¤ trom crest, ML 146.17 .

Appar. protection, keeping (if same word) in: indae do indell i cul [.i.] i comet . . . .i. aindil atai a cul a comet, Laws i 36.y—z . doberind culu (.i. comet) ar gart Find, LL 29424 (B. na filed). cul .i. coimed, Stowe Gl. 275 . cul coimhéd, Metr. Gl. Ff. 30 , 50 . D 45 . cul .i. comairce, O'Curry 2068 ( H 4.22, 67 ). mascul .i. mas fer, ┐ cul, comet, Auraic. 604 . ? C. ó nGuaire ní c.¤ creach, Magauran 173 (see n.).

Attrib. g s. annsin nincind chúil `in the posterior brain', O'Gr. Cat. 181.33 . a inchinn chúil, MR 282.6 . do thuit a cloch cúil d'Eirinn ` buttress-rock ', O'Gr. Cat. 400.3 . a gcloch chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 . a chré chúil supporting bank (of Mary), Aithd. D. 54.2 . an ccéibh ngobhlánuigh ccais ccúil, IGT Introd. § 81 .

In n. pr. Fotharta Fer Cūl, ZCP viii 301.23 .

(b) In phrases: c.¤ fri act of turning one's back on, renouncing; desisting from: c.¤ risin mbith, IGT Decl. ex. 617 . menma re cill / cūl re tuaith, ACL iii 306 § 9 . ní leam c.¤ red chíos-sa `I cannot rid me of my debt', Dán Dé xii 10 . In pn sobriquet C.¤ fri Héirinn (of Colm Cille), ZCP v 497 § 6 . Cf. isam [trú] gan ch.¤ re crudh `with no wealth to rely on (?)', Aithd. D. 62.6 . With vbs.: a ch.¤ do chur re peacadh to renounce sin, DDána 7.8 . iomdha bean . . . / . . . bhíos ag cor a gcúil re chéile, LBranach 5640 . cul do thochar friar naimdibh, Hugh Roe² 46.1 . dorat cul fri clotha who scorned fame (?), BB 299a24 . tuc cūl don loch, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1208 . cul do thabhairt don eagluis Romhanaigh, Luc. Fid. 2855 . ar dtabhairt cúil diath Fhionntoin, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 2 . ni thuccus c.¤ don oineach, BNnÉ 286.25 .

Very freq. with prec. FOR, IAR etc. as adv. phr. (for cúl, cúlu etc. back, backwards ) and as prep. phr. at the back of, behind ). As adv. phr. forcul gl. retro, Ml. 34b15 . techt forculu, 129d3 . dluthad . . . forculu, 50d6 . forculu gl. in terga, 26c8 . airimhthear in geinelach for culu, BB 35a34 . tíagait for cúlu, BDD² 471 . luid insruth forc.¤ , SR 7147 . conda tuc C. . . . for cúlu, Fing. R. 151 . leabhor do clōdh forcula ó theangaidh na T. to translate, Marco P. 1 . nó gur chuir M. ar cúla in céadfuidh sin refuted, Caithr. Thoirdh. 74.25 . A. Ó C. do chur ar cc.¤ `was removed' (of bishop), ALC ii 458.21 . tuile do char ar gcúlaibh, Aithd. D. 88.12 . Note also: a séan catha ar gcúl do-chóidh 'her success in battle vanished', Celtica xxvi 104 § 43 . dol ar cc.¤ ón sttaidd so = depart from, RSClára 17b . coibnes na liachtanu-su for cúla previous, PH 2986 . cēim ar cūlaib a step backwards, ML² 1380 . céim ar cc.¤ , 1462 . fosernd clothrī Connacht īer cūl places himself behind, ZCP viii 108.7 . gan lámh ar gc.¤ uile againn support, Dán Dé xix 18 . an corp . . . / . . . ar gc.¤ do bhaoi beo `came back to life', PBocht 5.39 . geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos, Laws ii 162.1 Comm. rachad ar cc.¤ ┐ ar ccúla ┐ ar ccúlaibh .c. uile, Bard. Synt. Tr. 219.16 . dlegur ar tus a glanadh mailli re neithib inglanas ┐ cuiris an tinnes ar cul, Irish Texts v 32.6 .

As prep. phrase: docoid in grian fora culu gl. solis . . . regressio, Ml. 43d27 . ind raibi athcomare lat iar do ch.¤? `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave?' Mon. Tall. 135.x . in son file iarcul indi as sanctis `behind', Ml. 37a18 . fuchertat alaim iárna c.¤ gl. auertunt a gremis ad dorsum manum, 93a25 . iarnach. `behind it', Sg. 148b9 . bariagolda anainmmsin arach.¤ , 31b21 (see n.). diatechta briathra in go arac.¤ `if they have verbs in `-go' behind them,' 112b3 . ambís iarna chúul dindséit gl. quae quidem retro sunt, Wb. 24a17 . itá nách cumachta fora cul na n-én sa those birds have some occult power, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). læch . . . is dech robói ar c.¤ scéith ┐ claidib ┐ gai, TFerbe 386 . iar c.¤ na comlad, SR 3208 . ar c.¤ comhóil at a banquet (?), O'Hara 1839 . gabh an cúan ar c.¤ Árann, IGT Decl. ex. 1128 . er cul Peter apstel `on behalf of', Thes. ii 289.18 . is eiside ciado-rat raith iar cul dligid a n-Eire, Laws v 348.2 cited s.v. cul .i. tareis, O'Dav. 480 . cutrumus leth-iarrata . . . ar cul in athur `in aid of', Laws v 200.4 Comm. Hú Néill uile ar c.¤ Coluim `under the protection', Arch. Hib. i 361.3 . moghenar . . . ceall / bias ar cul in meic sin, Lism. L. 1854 . iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . bai ica comthuargain ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib `forward and backward', CCath. 3612 . teithid ara cculuibh, BNnÉ 165.18 . dothoguibh Gyi Heront ara cúluib behind him on his horse, ZCP vi 38.34 . go ro chuirseat. . . a mbú . . . i ndroibhélaibh an tíre iar ná ccúlaibh, AFM v 1550.13 .

With DO (DI): co na berad do cul no do taibh `backwards or laterally', Laws iv 292.12 Comm. cet sceinm do cul no do thaeib backwards (of flail), v 158.9 Comm. secht traighi déc do chul no do thaib `behind it', iii 180.10 Comm. is cuma congontis . . . da culaib ┐ da aigid, TTebe 3772 .

Other phrases: dodeochatarside ┐ a c.¤ rempo backwards , LU 118 . tairnid . . . in mbial fora munél ┐ a c.¤ rempi reversed , 9031 ( FB 78 ). Gaoidhil is a gc.¤ re chéile at variance, Aithd. D. 24.13 . na súile i n-aimsir an éaga / . . . do-chím c.¤ ar aghadh iad back to front, DDána 36.8 . tánic C. do le[i]th a chuil co I. from behind, IT ii2 141.x . do chuadar a ndiaigh a ccúil backwards , Gen. ix 23 .

Compds. With nouns: cūlairecht . . . is a suide bīt rīgh ┐ espuic rear assembly, ZCP xii 359.15 . atá cúlaitiri iarna c.¤ , BDD² 605 . culbard ┐ srutbard (in list of dóerbaird), IT iii 5.15 . Ériu xiii 42.11 . bied do cholg culbémend, LU 10362 . fear na cúlchainte backbiter , Párl. na mB. 1762 . la Hīb D. cūlc[h]omét ríg Fer T. rearguard , BColm. 52.30 . cūlchomētaid ┐ dorsaid, Corp. Gen. 94.8 . téid an inghean . . . tré chúldoras back door, Keat. ii 2841 . nicoir átecht fo culḟiacli (of communion particle), Thes. ii 255.18 . cruimh 'na chúilḟíacuil chúasaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 677 . aga culgairm, YBL 152a12 . cúlchaint ┐ cúlghearra, Párl. na mB. 1782 . an cúlghearrthóir `detractor' (Gloss.), 1778 . cuilleabaid chorcoirderg, ZCP x 292.6 . mo chúilleath re croich nDé back , Aithd. D. 62.29 . goro-eidirdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe neck , ZCP xiv 232.13 . cúlmongae foraib, LU 7086 . noragdais fersde charpait triam chūlmuinēl neck, TBC-I¹ 2580 . culreang dromanna a cathmiled ` spines ', MR 314.25 . inda llatt bá culscian srúb cechtar de, LL 33443 `not double-edged', Contribb. 560 . sí ic cúlṡnámh ┐ ic táebsnám swimming on the back, Acall. 3212 . mo theagasc duit ar eagla na cúilstéille ` back-cut ', Ó Bruad. iii 2.3 .

With adjj.: du ri Dail Cais cuilbuidhe fair-haired , BB 271a29 . in barrann (leg. barrḟinn) cuilcenann (of horse), H 3.18, 85b22 . mic Culclain (n. pr. m.), Laws i 150.16 . Ciar Cúldub, Corp. Gen. 31.23 . flaithius ind ḟir chíchmair chulḟind with fair back hair, LL 1273 . Cormac Cúlḟoda .i. c.¤ foddai fair, Cóir Anm. 113 . C. mic Cormaic culglais, Fen. 126.2 . ón Chúlglaiss Chonaill Chernaig (subst. of spear), Anecd. i 37.3 . le cloinn chúillebair Cholmán, SG 65.46 . loṅgas nacúllom (of the Danes), SR 2378 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: m. Orni Cūlbennaig, ZCP viii 334.11 . an cúlchainteach munabrach, Párl. na mB. 1772 . do phearsanaibh cúlráidhteach, 1483 . a n-aghaidh Guill chúil-sgathaigh, Duan. F. i 13.29 `bushy-headed (?)', Gloss.

See cúil, cúlad, and cúltech.

dámrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dámrad or dil.ie/14539

Forms: dámraid, damrud

n o, n. g s. dámraid. d s. damrud.

I A company, a visiting party; visitors : fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir....i. fosaigid in ben ar damrad lethdaime in fir, Laws ii 386. 8 Comm. inní is cóir dóib dfuiririud isin aithche for damrud, ib. 378. 13 Comm. eneclann do cach thaisech dona secht taisechaib dám is uaisli tainic ar damrad ar amus in tigi, ib. iii 458. 17 . díthle duind dámaig .i. madia nadbuletlaiter ní on uasal uil arin damrud, ib. v 440. 27 Comm. ce na bedis for damrad acu, ib. 30. 8 . ba geiss dó ben for damrud dia thig cen feiss dosom lé, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 24. 4 ( LL 118 b 8 ). damradh dopall (i.e. dub-ball), Anecd. i 58. 6 . in dámraid dhíberce SG 355. 21 .

II A retinue : ní racu tuath dámrad ríg ┐ espuic diam di gress fosngelat, Laws iv 338. 22 .—dáṁraidh (pl. of dám) a gang, troop or company; strangers or guests P. O'C.

díre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díre or dil.ie/16710

Forms: d., d.

io, n. later f. Vn. of do-ren. See Críth G. p. 84 and the detailed treatment Ir. Recht 14 ff . (introd.), 22 ff. (texts).

(a) honour-price: cóic ṡéoit in[n]a díriu di neoch as gress dó dia eneclainn, Críth G. 161 . dire la aithgin, Laws iii 320.20 . iter d.¤ ┐ aithgin, iv 120.21 . asren ar cach naithgin cona diriu amail bid gad rogatad, ii 324.3 . athaigh feadha . . . bo a ndire cach ae . . . ┐ ní thuc a naithgin ar aird, iv 146.25 , 148.8 Comm. is d.¤ ar aithgin, 148.10 . [taman] cra[i]nd dia mbentar a barr . . . Ni dlig [d.¤] acht athgin, O'Mulc. 865 . ni dlegaither doib dire .i. in ti . . . noca dligenn se eneclann .i. noca dliginn dire eneclainni do, i 54.25 Comm. athgabail trise . . . i ndire do treibi, 166.23 . .i. eneclann duit i ngait as do threib, 170.6 . d.¤ gl. eneclann, iv 200 Comm. it cetheora eirca . . . aithgin ┐ dire, tairgille ┐ enecland, i 258.26 . na con dlegar diri na eneclann ina sleith who are estopped from claiming d. or e. for forcible abduction, v 272.2 . cipe imress mela . . . fort ní fhuil díri no eneclann duit-siu ind, TBC-LL¹ 47 . im dire do daise arba .i. it cruaich arba .i. diabladh in arba ┐ eneclann ar treisi, Laws i 170.27 Comm. ór derg d.¤ eneclainne in c[h]einiuil sin uile, LL 312a7 . See also Laws i 54.25 . co na lan diri .i. log nenech aiscthir no icthair, ii 390.4 Comm. The d.¤ was fixed by rank and status of person to whom paid: d.¤ .i. dí aire (no digalre .i. dierrithe do nemtib ar a nuaisligetaid), Corm. p. 15 . a nEirind cia dire as uaisle fil inde? Dire espuic oighe cona lanfoltaib, Laws iv 362.20 Comm. aithech arathreba . . . iiii séoit a d.¤ di[a] aír a tenant resident — four `seds' are his d.¤ for being satirized, Críth G. 135 . secht seoit diri airech desa, Laws v 30.16 . is and roairled d.¤ caich fo miad (of Senchus Már), i 40.13 . ni fuillend diri dar sodain the d.¤ paid (by a tenant) does not mount beyond that (i.e. the honour price of the chief), ii 324.5 . se baa d.¤ in asdarceist six cows are the d.¤ of the exorcist, ZCP ix 171.18 . asren d.¤ a grád dond eclais sāraiget[h]ar (of a man in holy orders who violates his celibacy), Ériu i 218 § 4 .

A proportion of the díre-fine exacted seems to have fallen as `dues' to king or chieftain (or church?): in tan geibius in rig ina mama so, is and doranar d.¤ rig, Laws iv 50.24 . Cf. also iii 458 . Sometimes paid in specific metal: or d.¤ in ciniu[i]l sin, LL 380a43 . airget bruinti d.¤ in ciniuil sin, 45 . findruine d.¤ in cheneóil sin ina n-eneclaind, 312b34 .

(b) penalty, mulct: cach taide cach egean cach foxal . . . cona diri is (to be restored) with its d. fine, Laws ii 388.19 . andsum d.¤ treibdire the d.¤ for (injury to or robbery in) a house is the most difficult (to assess), iii 458.12 . asrenar secht n-unga ina dīri, Cáin Domn. § 27 ( Ériu ii 206 ). a ndire na himirce in payment for the carrying off of the cattle, Anecd. ii 65 . fiarfaigis . . . cia d.¤ doberar inn ainmedh ┐ inn āir cen c[h]inta, ZCP vii 300.20 . conid edh tres d.¤ imramach insin dochuisin la Féni, O'Dav. 1118 . nocha n-eirnither d.¤ ina coluinn, Laws v 236.17 Comm. ness ainm don beim .i. don c[h]rēcht, ut est . . . a dirib cuirp duine rohairdiged (rohordaiged, v.l.) ness, Corm. Y 975 . losa feada . . . cura a ndire cach ae `a sheep is the d.¤ -fine for each', Laws iv 148.2 . dire ndarach, 148.19 Comm. leth diri craeb in cuilind is é lan diri bunbeime in eigind, 148.10 Comm. athaigh feadha . . . bo a ndire cach ae, 146.25 . a chathair do innriud cen d.¤ cen mathigudh nách neich dib sin fris, TTr.² 229 . las dorchair cen diri dib | sechtmoga mili daririb, Lec. 79a3 . trí mná ná dlegat díri, Triads 185 . fa ma dalbach dī nā tobngar dīre n-ainech, ACL iii 294.7 . d.¤ .i. éraic no eneaclann, O'Cl. d.¤ .i. Oearaic, P. O'C. payment: in brethem do mesemnugad in dire is coir in cach duil (of poets), O'Curry 2216 ( Eg. 88, 15 (16)d ). dobert Nuadaid in lam nairgid do na dire in payment for it (i.e. for his services), Lec. 558a21 . Note also: ūair nād bī lāndīre na eclaisi Dé acht dú i mbi oés grāid full fines (?), full dues (?), Ériu i 220 § 16 .

(c) one's due or right (in this sense perhaps felt as an abstract of 1 dír, q.v.): dognid sith eter in uli thuath .i. co n-indised a nd.¤ ┐ a ndliged doib, PH 824 . o thugais tímchiolladh flatha for Eir(r)inn gach aon a gceann a dh.¤ ┐ a dhúthchasa (of a judge), ML 102.14 . dire crabaid Erend Fabur, BB 65b20 . dire ceithirliubair soiscéla ocht mbliadna the time due to them in transcribing them, O'Gr. Cat. 80.11 .

1 epscop

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 epscop or dil.ie/20188

Forms: n-epscoip, epscuip, epscop, epscui, eascob, easgab, t-easbog, t-espoc, esbag, t-espoc, easbog, easbuig, easba, easbuig, neasbaguib, easpcob

n o, m. (L. episcopus), later (b) escop and (c) espoc bishop: Esodir in t-epscop | abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . conid e epscop insin cita ruoirtned la Laigniu, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 241.15 ). luid epscop Fith leo ib. ( Thes. ii 240.19 ). epscop uasal hic afriund di, Anecd. iii 69.15 . epscop Sanctān, Hy vi 21 ( Thes. ii 353 ). g s. dubbert grád n-epscoip foir, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 241.15 ). gními epscuip a bishop's duties Wb. 28b20 ( 1 Timothy iii 2 ). béssi ind epscuip, 31b13 ( Titus i 7 - 9 ). im damnæ n-epscuip, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 241.7 ). d s. du epscop Fith ib. ( Thes. ii 241.3 ). n p. epscui, Mon. Tall. § 15 . a p. dorat palliu[m] . . do A. on ordaigfed epscopu, Anecd. iii 70.12 . d p. da n-oirdnedh na n-epscopaibh (: thoccair = thogair), BNnÉ 283.20 . Perh. in lit. sense of episcopus, overseer: in dercada .i. ind epscoip (gl. speculatoris) Ml. 127a10 . (b) huasal-escop Insi Fail, Uí Maine 143 (201)rb 60 = Auraic. 5267 . eascob (.i. uas cob), BB 337 b5 = Laws v 22.2 . ocht n-eascoib deg, MacCarthy 284.19 = BB 10 a20 . easgab, IGT, Decl. § 11 . (c) Dubthach espuc Aird Machai, AU 512 . quies espuic Mic Cairthinn, 505 ( Lang. of Ann. Ulster p. 13 ). in t-easbog , BB 207b5 = in t-espoc , Todd Nenn. 68 . esbag, IGT, Decl. § 11 . an t-espoc , BCC § 76 . easbog, 1 Timothy iii 2 . oifig easbuig , iii 1 . TSh. 9755 . easba, Parrth. Anma 104.9 ( = Luc. Fid. 59.8 ). easbuig (a p.) ib. Criosd do righne na céid-éspuig...┐ iad sin easbaga oile, 100.14 = Luc. Fid. 56.1 (-ésbhuig). nach raibhe Lúiteur no Cailbhin 'na n-espugaibh, Parrth. Anma 104.12 = neasbaguib, Luc. Fid. 59.6 .

Anomalous forms (or spellings?): ard-easpcob Hierusalem, Ériu iii 196 § 15 . espscop , Mon. Tall. § 7 .

fo-geil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-geil or dil.ie/22725
Last Revised: 2019

v (gel- `graze') grazes, feeds on, consumes ; of animals: dia foigela ēnlaith Mag M., TBC-I¹ 1043 (= LU 5526 ). Treated as simple vb.: isinni fogeilus in athgabail amuith .i. na mēith [ = mēich] which the (animal taken in) distress consumes ... i.e. the sacks of corn Laws i 270z Comm. mad mor in tairgilli doberthar do neoch is suaithnid fogelar co mor a thir 'if the fore-pledge which is given to someone is great, it is clear that his land is much grazed (by bees)', Bechbretha 50 § 3 gl. ​d . ​​​​​​amal bes oicse na crich fogelad is amlaid ailith deolaid asna saithib 'in proportion to the nearness of the holdings on which they graze, so is [each holding] entitled to a gratuity from the swarms', Bechbretha 54 § 10 gl. a . (Fig.) lives on (a person), is a charge to, battens on: ni racu tuath dámrad ríg ┐ espuic diam di gress fosngelat, Laws iv 338.23 (= ni rucai, etc., Críth G. 602 ).

Vn. fogelt, q.v.

guin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. guin or dil.ie/26798
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: guin, goin

i, n. vn. of gonaid (later f., guin goin, IGT Decl. § 42 ).

I the act of wounding or slaying by wounding ; a wound : a nguin cosind saigit áin, Ml. 133a4 . gae gona éisc `a spear for killing fish,' Sg. 37b20 . ar bádud ar guin, Thes. ii 357.12 . nith .i. guin duine, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 31 . nad-raba cen guin duini ... cach ōenlaithi, Sc.M² 16 . ba fer[r] búaid a n-anacail oldás buaid a ngona, BDD § 96 . folaimtis a guin cacha fechtais no theigead `they would almost kill him ...,' ib. § 19 . fobith gono Fergusso, AU i 90.12 (an. 617) . guin Flainn Aenaig, ib. i 106.18 (an. 643) . ní maith ra loṅgis Ulad | guin a meic, TBC-LL¹ 2793 . Orláb mac Ailella ... do guin, ib. 1431 . itó-sa lín do gona ┐ t'airlig, ib. 434 . mairg cách ... | ro lámair a ṅguinsom, Fél. Prol. 58 . guin chuirp tre esce, Laws ii 34.3 Comm. im guin no im gait for a tuathaib, ib. iv 52.2 Comm. caite fiach gona espuic oighe ?, iv 362.21 . crecha ... ocus gona ocus scoilte, i 58.12 Comm. fer laime derga laes na gona and, 244.2 Comm. in bradan bis isin ait ..., slan a aen-guin `a single thrust [at it] is lawful,' v 484.9 Comm. dar a áltaib ┐ dar a ilgonaib, TBC-LL¹ 4428 . tucus forru a guin co láigin tria n-a thoeb, PH 3843 . adbath Fiachra dia guin, RC xxiv 184.15 . doberr guin crūaid im c[h]raidi, ACL iii 239 § 20 . rogeghin secht ngoine dēac seventeen wounds had wounded him, Ériu ii 15.20 . tuc ... .xxx. gon ó ladhair a choisi có [a] urla air, Acall. 1917 . co slechtaibh gon ┐ aladh ┐ césta fair, RC xxviii 316 § 24 . ba doigh lais co roibhi fein marbh ona gonuibh, ZCP vi 37.10 . it ē saigdi goine sūain | ... sercoi lie gnāsa, Ériu ii 15.22 . tar a bhfuair do ghonaibh arm | is é Líoghairne rosmharbh, Content. vi 257 . a náire dá ghoin don taoibh amuigh, TSh. 4089 . gona chneadh an pheacaidh, ib. 1458 . do ghoimh na ngon do himreadh leó uirre, 2977 . is beag liom bás gan barr-ghoin pian doibh, ZCP v 227.890 ( ZCP v 227 ). Of taking pieces in a game: imirt ar nguin ghallbhrannuibh; | fian Ghall do ghuin ar mbranáin 'a game of chess after the king has been check-mated; the foreign set of pieces checked our king', Giolla Brighde 138 § 14 .

Compd. guin-aided death by wounding : g s. tofesar gnīm guinaitte, Fianaig. 38.26 .

II Of the moon, the wane, decrease : as i an med sin dorcaidter don cuid soir de (viz. den ré) ar a guin, Ir. Astr. Tr. 90.14 . gach áon ... do bhiodh tinn lé goin an ré moon-struck, lunatic, Matthew iv 24 . ní ceart an clúdach do thógaint den chorcán le linn guin na rae (mod.), GJ xiii 207a8 .

III = Lat. punctum in the sense clause, short section of discourse. See TSh. passim , where there may be a play on words in the association with bior-ghaoithe.

IV ? goin gair ooc im-mullach Thuil Gossi, BDD § 101a = BDD² 1049.

imchomrac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imchomrac or dil.ie/27397

[o] vn. of imm-comraic. a meeting, an encounter: dorrōnad fri himc[h]omrac dā c[h]arpat .i. carpat rīg ┐ carpat espuic ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile, Corm. Y 1082. bid menn innar n-imchomruc-ni ón (comrac, v.l.), Sc.M² § 15. níth náchim thánic o gabsu flaith mu imchomruc (muim chomruc, MS.) delb nemaicside a struggle such as I have not experienced since I became king, fighting against an invisible form? LU 10013 (= muinchomrucc, ZCP xvii 197 ).

lebor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lebor or dil.ie/29673
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: lebar

n o, m. (Lat. liber) Also with li-, liu-. In later lang. lebar, lio- m., IGT Decl. § 75 . l.¤ quasi libor a libro , Corm. Y 816.

(a) book, volume (as physical object): ainm do teig liubair, Ir. Gl. p. 70 . ina téig libuir, PH 925 . astal .i. gai liubuir, O'Mulc. 96 . ónd úair . . . oslaices Héli in l.¤ do forcetol na n-anmand, LU 2274 ( FA 33 ). ro fothaig [Palladius] . . . Cell Fine i farcaib a libru, Lat. Lives 50.4 . libair bána / leisa ngabar salmthrátha blessed books, SG 52.2 . nach comartha aithrige dam . . . mo uli lebar do badud?, PH 2243. tuc in t-espuc in lebar for aird ┐ atbert tital in libair, 25 . tuitid a liobhair . . . / . . . i n-íochtar an aigéin / gan díoth na litre as lugha, Dán Dé iv 23 . Folld. by qualifying gen.: leabhar . . . slighedh a road-book, itinerary , SG 23.17 . lebhar aithffrind gl. missale, Ir. Gl. 853 . ṡailm ┐ orthain filet isin libar espuic a pontifical, LB 277a61 . in lebhar sochair sea do Chonall `Book of Dues', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 22.6 . mo leabhar glaice / d'airitmetig orduighthe `handbook', Studies 1923, 598 § 7 .

(b) book, volume, part of a book in sense of written document, treatise: scribinnd ind libur-so (recte libuir) `(the day) of writing this book', Wb. 15a30 . dorimther hí libur Essaiae á scel-so, Ml. 16c10 . i llibur iudicum, 104a7 . mad forcenn libuir nach magen i mbeth amen indib, 2d1 . ised inso . . . tosach ind libuir, Tur. 39 . a thitol re cach libur, Sg. 2a8 . l.¤ airissen `a book of chronicles', 106b15 . fastus .i. l.¤ , 106b19 , cf. 18 . tar hési denmo ind libuir after the writing of this treatise, 2a7 . Mael Issu Húa Brolchan . . . co nderna fen liubra ┐ eladhna, RC xvii 417.y (Tig.). ro thúirsem libru, Fél. Ep. 75 (liubru, libra, v. ll.). acht ara légda inda libra, Mon. Tall. 160.y (§ 79) . it comdire hi lebruib .i. . . . a leabraib in leidinn `in the books [of Canon Law?],' BCrólige 5 . nonbur tra do-erglas do ordughadh in liubair-si (of the Senchas Már), Laws i 16.21 Comm . dogniat im̅ augtair ┐ libair aile corugud aile fora n-imthechtaib, LU 5390 (TBC). bai dind oc libur leig doct .i. no forcanad libru ind rechta co clethe quia fuit doctor in libris legis, 662 (ACC). in dá l.¤ fichet fetarlicce isind áirim óinlibuir atrímter, Hib. Min. 2.59 - 60 . fodailter i cóic libru combad forcind libuir nach maigen i mbi fiat fiat, 2.47 . do gheunam roinn . . . ar an leabar-sa aga roinn a leabhraibh saine, MS. Mat. 581.41 . léighthear i leabhroibh feasa / gurb é . . . / an tairrngertach, L. Cl. A. B. 137.77 .

In Laws Comm. in l.¤ , l.¤ aile or liubair frequently cited as authorities: is i sin ech is mo log indeises lebur `that any book mentions', v 416.2 Comm . ruidles athghabala na daoine so do reir liubair, i 106.33 Comm . nochu n-indisiund leabur dethbir in eduigh, O'D. 207 ( H 3.17, col. 164 ). na geill aisneidhis in dlighedh so sís, no in leabhur so, O'D. 198 ( H 3.17 col. 160 ). atbeir in lepur eile curub inunn . . . , O'D. 211 ( H 3.17 col. 168 ). uii. mairbriara do ḟlaith cedgiallna ┐ nochon indis leabhar marbriara do ḟlaith forgiallna, O'D. 1010 ( H 2.15A p. 16 ). in logh is lugha fogabar a liubar, O'Curry 596 ( H 3.18, 293 ). cáin airlictheo, ní aurasu a cocáelad la Féniu ┐ libru 'in Irish law and the books [of Canon Law]', Cáin Ónae 38 § 5 .

Freq. in the titles of Irish MSS.: Lebar fata Lethglindi, Laws v 472.24 Comm . a Leabur na hUacongbala, IT iii 199 § 58 (see LL Introd. xii ). a Libur Dromma Snechta, LU 10557 n. (H). Slicht Libair Budi Slani, 3220 (H). Fland tra ┐ Eochaid eolach hua Cérin is iat ro thinolsat so a llebraib Eochoda . . . i nArd Macha ┐ a llebraib Manistrech ┐ asna lebraib togaidib archena .i. asin Libur Budi testo asin carcar i nArd Macha ┐ asin Libur Girr boí i mManistir, 2920 ff. (H). rucadh siar . . . in Leabar Gearr a ḟuasclodh I Dochartaigh ┐ Leabar na Huidri do dul a fuasclodh meic ollamon I Domnaill, 2779 - 80 (entry of A.D. 1470). Liubhuir . . . Cluana mic Nóis .i. na hUidhri, Mart. Don. xxxviii . Leabhar Buidhe Moling ┐ Leabhar Dubh Molaga, Keat. i 80.1 . l.¤ Cindfaeladh, Auraic. 67 . lepur Aedhagain, O'D. 248 ( H 3.17, 199 marg.). incipit da Leabhur na cCeart [in-]indistear do chísaibh ┐ tuarastlaibh Ereann, Leb. Cert. 28.3 . Liupar Gabhaltus, liubhair Dinnsenchus . . . Liubhuir Arda Macha, Mart. Don. p. xxxviii (in a list of the Libri famosiores). do bhrig gur bo beus do na seanchaidhibh slonnadh leabhar ar leith, do rer a saine, do shaorchlannuibh Gaoidheal . . . mar ta leabar Connachtach, Ultach, Laighneach, Muimhneach, MS. Mat. 581.37 ff . an Leabhar Eoghanach, L. Cl. A. B. l .

(c) charter, title-deed (?) (cf. scríbend II): leabhair (leabhar, MSS.) Bhriain ar fiaidh bhFuinidh, L. Cl. A. B. 89.72 .

Used in affirmation: int-ī tuc lebar aiffrind no dealb Dia, PH 7333. Here also probably: deog liubair `the book drink' (some kind of religious test), Laws v 472.23 Comm . (gl. fir . . . comperta naime, 470.x ).

COMPDS. ¤choimét book-cover, case for holding a book : leborchométa chethrachori (bibliothicus qua[drata]s), Trip.² 1075 . ¤choimétaid librarian: Maoliosa . . . leabharcoimhédaigh [Arda Macha], AFM ii 1052.9 .

maigen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maigen or dil.ie/31314
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: magan, magan, maghan, maghain, maigin, maigen, magni, maigne, magen, Maighne

n ā, f. ( Bechbretha, 143 ). In O.Ir. sometimes with non-palatal: n s. magan, K. and H. § 13 , cf. rex Mugdhorne magan , AU 801 ; o Domnuch maghan , 831 . maghain (a s.), ZCP viii 197 § 5.

(a) a piece of open land; a spot, place in the widest sense: in magen i ndéntar in filliud the place [in the word ] where the flexion is made, Thes. ii 230 ( PCr. 66a1 ). maigen nā áigder rindi a place wherein thou fearest not spear-points, 294.15 ( SP iii 3 ). as in magin i mbatar from the place where they were, Ml. 55c2 . co ranic in magin in ro artraig in ceo, FB 39. adropart si dó ind maigin i mbui, Mon. Tall. § 19. forancatar . . . magen ita in Sabull indiu, Lat. Lives 16 = maigin, Trip. 230.23 . i maigin na roe at the place of combat, Laws i 250.18 . no betís fir hErend i n-óenmagin, BDD 138. im beith dā oidchi i n-oenmaidin, ACL iii 3.24 . ar tteclamadh . . . seinleabhar nEreann co haonmaighin, AFM 438. gibé maighin a coimhreígdís fri araile wherever they should meet, Cóir Anm. 54. ni pa me, ol cach asa magin from his place, TBC-I¹ 2141 = TBC-LL¹ 1579. a maigen toltanaiges do diabul! place pleasing to the devil (of the body), PH 8224. fornocht do dún, a Druim nDen, | lomnocht do múr, do magen `thy site', Metr. Dinds. iii 96. Heriu ard inis na rríg | magen molbthach na morgnim, LL 127a1 ( MacCarthy 142 ). aurland Temrach .i. maigen i mbátar secht radairc for cech leath, Ériu iv 124.3 . (as quasi-adv.) is toirthech éisc acht maigen a tiagat na gla[issi] indi except where the streams enter it, Trip. 210.7 . g s. clæmchlód magni change of place, TBC-I¹ 1370. bretha bairr ┐ maigne `judgements concerning tree-top and field' (i.e. places to which bees migrate), Laws iv 188.8 . pl. atait secht maigne na fechar re seven places in which battles are not fought, v 302.31 . cia do náemaib Lagen | fedaib maigib magen `in woods, in plains of places' (? a place with woods and plains, magen being in loose apposition to Lagen), RC xiii 100 § 129 ( LL 305b5 ).

Folld. by gen. of pers. a place belonging to (some one), stead, home: Mide magen clainne Cuind, LL 184b20 ( Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 1 ). os mur maigni meic Alprainn (= over Patrick's stead, i.e. Armagh?), SR 2364 (but see maigne). Columb Cille . . . doréd midhnocht maighne Erca (= penetrates the dense night of Ireland), ZCP viii 197 § 11.

Of passages in a book: mad forcenn libuir nach magen i mbeth āmen indib, Ml. 2d1 . magen hi tait for aisndis do deacht where he enters on the explanation, 24d30 ; cf. 27c10 , Sg. 30b12 . ni forcenn libuir nach maigen i mbi fiat, Hib. Min. 2.51 . In fig. sense: rainig maighin athar Airt he succeeded to the place of A.'s father, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 10.

di maigin on the spot i.e. immediately: taulbretha . . . .i. na bret[h]a can smuan .i. di m.¤ extempore, Laws i 156.13 Comm. berair breuth di m.¤ , Anecd. iii 23.20 . doírchios . . . do thabhairt uatha do maighin (.i. do lathair), Leb. Gab.(i) i 78. rob erdalta lais a mharbhadh do maighin, Hugh Roe fo. 27b . Cf. O'Dav. 1256 : maighin .i. fochetoir ut est: manis-nais naill maighne . . . .i. madh naill dligtech fonais fochetoir.

i maigin (with gen.) in place of, instead of: atconnairc deilb noidhen in maighin croiche Crist, RC x 184.19 .

(b) m.¤ dígona, in Laws, a technical term denoting a space measured round the residence of a chief or other dignitary, varying in extent acc. to his rank, within which he had certain unassailable rights; transld. `inviolable precinct' or `sanctuary'. in gach n-aoein maighin dighona, ii 26.7 Comm. sechtar maigin `outside the precinct', iii 118.7 . Maighne ` Precincts ' is title of a law-treatise dealing with the subject ( iv 226 ). mile cém[enn] maigin digona naím-espuic , H 3.17 c. 647 ( O'D. 906 ). fiach maigne a fine (for some kind of assault?), Laws iii 466.9 , 13 , 24 . masa giunnadh gan lommadh ┐ mas ar daighin fogla fri corp darigneadh, is fiach maighne in chuirp, Rawl. B 506 fo. 36c ( O'D. 2335 ). f. m.¤ in ḟuilt, ib. f. m.¤ no imraide na cneidhe, fo. 38c ( O'D. 2344 ).

(c) fig. of a person: Cet mac Matach. magen curad, IT i 104.3 . Lorcán Laighen . . . maighen céd cloth the centre of a hundred panegyrics, AFM 941 (poem) = Bruchst. i § 123 . tri maic Con Corb . . . it he sin, sochla magen, soīr Lagen, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28.4 ( Rawl. 119a1 ). Freq. in n.l., see Hog. Onom. s.v. maigen.

neimed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimed or dil.ie/33032
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: nemthe, nemid, nemhid, -nemiud, nemid, nemthiu, neimthiu, neimed, senneimedh, Nemed, nemed, nemedh, nemed, Nemed, Nimeth

n o, m. orig. s, n.? occas. treated as neut. in law texts; the gender is m. when denoting a person or animal (male or female) and n. when denoting an abstract notion (e.g. 'sacredness' or 'privelege') or a place, Bechbretha 107-8 , ZCP xlv 100 , but see CMCS viii 48 . cf. coa nemthe nert, LU 3480 (g s.? `to the protection of the shrine', ZCP xv 188 § 15 ). g s. ind nemid , Trip. 240.19 = in nemhid , ib. 4 . d s. -nemiud, LL 227a20 . n p. nemid, Laws v 14.12 . a p. nemthiu, LU 9786. neimthiu, Laws i 260.17 . neimed (o, m.), IGT Dec. § 11. 20 .

I The orig. sense is prob. that of a consecrated place, = Gaulish νεμητον (cf. Αὐγουστο-νέμετον Ptolemy's name for mod. Clermont Ferrand; see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 37 , RC xxiii 138 ), which prob. represents an indigenous word used of sacred groves; cf. de sacris silvarum quas nimidas vocant , Du Cange s.v. nimida (< Conc. Liptini A.D. 743 ), which seems to represent an orig. fem. It is sometimes not possible to distinguish the sense 'sacred place, sanctuary' from 'privilege', Bechbretha 107 . In Irish lit. a sanctuary : nemed gl. sacellum '(small) sacred place' Sg. 13 b 1 . atnaig tar fót crúach i n-ardnemed dia díte, di-eim ar díantólae slúaig 'he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary for his protection, which protects [him] from the swift tide of a [hostile] throng' Críth G. 53 . nemed gl. asilum 'a place of refuge' Ériu lv 9 ; in early Christian lit. prob. a small chapel or oratory (or else the spot on which such stood), freq. in connexion with `cell'. conid Dún a sen-nemed, LU 754 (of Downpatrick, the burial-place of Colum Cille) = RC xx 178 § 44 (`senior church') = senneimedh, BCC § 374 ; perh. for sén-n.¤ auspicious holy spot, i.e. the place of his resurrection. ní ra cráid chill nā nemed, RC xiii 84 § 98 ( LL 303b39 ). nemed cille no duin, Laws iv 214.4 (glossed .i. in releg cemetery, ib. 24 ; cf. LU 754 above ). neimhedh naemainglech (of Cluain Cesáin), Acall. 500. neimedh Sináin, ZCP x 12 § 7 (seems = tempall S., ib.). can comarci . . . do cill no do nemead, Cog. 152.3 . ro cumdaigedh leis ceallaca dhais Erenn ┐ a neimhedha, 138.21 . nior fhagbhadar Lochlannaigh naomh nó neimheadh no ceall uasal . . . gan argain, Ériu i 80.12 . Content. vi 196. cin chadus do chill nā do nemedaib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 16. ? nipsa cell cin chlocc . . . nipsa haí cin imditin, nipsa neimeth cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 ; cf. nemeadh cin imfochaid (sign of degenerate times), ZCP ix 168.22 .

pn Prob. in this sense in place-names: Nemed, Trip. 240.19 (place where there was a `neimed'). a Nemud slebe Fúait, TBC-LL¹ 5355 = o nemiud, TBC-I¹ 3298. i nNemiud, Metr. Dinds. iv 166.55 (also in Sliab Fuait). Cf. termond na fían . . . im rēid airthir Nemid nāir, LU 4148.

II Secondary meanings, arising prob. from the immunities or honour attached to a consecrated spot.

(a) sacredness ; privileges or insignia (belonging to a profession, rank, etc.), status, dignity: nemeth .i. nem iath .i. i n-as dír d'eclais, Corm. Y 962. nemaith .i. a n-as dir d'ogaib, 963 ( = nemáith, Corm. p. 31 ). nemuath .i. a n-as dir d'filedaib, 964 : all three exx. are etym. glosses on `neimed' acc. to its various applications; similarly O'Mulc. 830 fg. (There may have been a techn. term nemiath; cf. Anecd. ii 74 y : crodh neich nat ba neoit nim [nem v.l.] iath, from a judgement pronounced by `filid' and `brethemain' = the property of a person who is not niggardly towards the Church?.) ro ordaigset fir Herend a nemthiu and sin .i. cloc ┐ salm do eclais. Gēill do rigaib. Trefoclae techtae do filedaib. Aithgabáil do fennethaib, LU 9786 = RC vi 165.9 , Trip. 564.33 (`privileges' in both places). cia nemed as uaisle fil i talmain? Nemed n-ecalsa. Cia nemed is uaisliu fil a n-ecluis? Nemed n-espuic: is e espuc as uaisliu dibside easbuc ecalsa [sic leg.] Petair, H 3.18, p. 17a ( O'Curry 46 ). Colum ar chennsa . . . fri neimhedh eccalsa ┐ ealadhan, 2296.26 .

Possibly in this sense in chevilles: for nem noebda niab nemed , SR 7135 (g p.? or n s. in sense I?). naemda nemedh , Anecd. i 61 § 93. mét nemed , Ériu iv 106.6 . acht ní sóeras nemed de 'except that which sacredness increases of it' Bechbretha 58 .

(b) closely connected with preceding sense, and not always to be distinguished from it, is that of a person (or class of persons) possessing legal status or privileges ; acc. to MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 273 n. 1 , a generic term for every person having the franchise of the Féini (but the word seems to be sometimes employed collectively of an entire class); used with much latitude of application, somet. (chiefly in the compd. uasaln.¤ ) of the highest dignitaries, king, bishop, head of the `filid', somet. (esp. in the Uraicecht Becc in Laws v , a late text) of handicraftsmen or master-workers; see ZCP xv 262 - 3 and cf. Corm. Y 962 - 964 quoted above. atat do [ = dá] neimhid do-cuisin for talmuin, saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saer-nemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine. Daerneimead imorro, aes gacha dāna olchena. Is aire ada daernemead aes cacha dāna, fobith is do shaernemthib fognait. Acht i[s] saer cid cach creanus a suiri dia dán, Laws v 14.1 fg. ; i.e. the free `neimid' comprised churchmen, rulers, `filid' and `féini', the subject `neimid' handicraftsmen, but the latter could purchase franchise by their art. ni tuath gin tri saorneimthibh samaigter, eclais, flaith, file, Eg. 88 f. 20b ( O'Curry 2272 ). admestar díre cōir cach graid do ṡoernemthib ┐ doernemthib, ZCP xi 95 § 52 ; cf. dire .i. di-errethe do nimt[h]ib ara n-uaisligitaid, Corm. Y 417 = nemthib, Corm. p. 15 (i.e. `díre' is not paid by `neimid' on account of their rank). gúala nemid filed `the coffer of a privileged poet', Triads 255 . mórad nemed `exalting privileged persons', Tec. Corm. § 1.16 . nā ben ra cellaib nemid !, LL 141 m. sup. nib dulta duit da thig | ar enech noím no nemid, LB 277a12 . a chombrāithre naom ┐ neimhedh his brother saints and churchmen (?), Anecd. iii 2.4 . cach dán a nemed, ACL iii 226 ( Aib. Cuigni 14 ; expld. `to every art its practiser', ZCP xvii 49 , but perh. = a). neimheadh gach dán da ndernta, Metr. Gl. 28 § 43 (where n. seems equated with the handicraft, etc. itself), cf. neimheadh .i. gach dán no gach ealadha, O'Cl. There is a distinction between nemed Dé 'a person privileged from God' (i.e. a cleric) and nemed duini 'a person privileged from man' (i.e. a king, poet etc.), Bechbretha § 39 (notes) .

A law-tract freq. alluded to was the Bretha Neimed, which contained among other things rulings of the `filid' on technical points and was included in the curriculum of the `cana' or poet of the fourth year; see IT iii 36 § 18 (Bretha Nemídh) and Auraic. 1298. isna Brethaib Nemed, Corm. Y 142 , 143 = Nemid, Corm. p. 7.

(c) a halidom; any valued article (property, etc.)? consuitter fir ┐ dliged imaille for neimiudh truth (proof) and right are founded on `neimed', Laws v 8.14 ; by Thurneysen, Cóic Con. p. 12 , transld. Heiligtum and expld. as someth. sacred; from the sequel it appears that the `neimed' for judgements of the church was the Scripture, for those of the `fili' rules of law (roscada) and for those of the `flaith' rules, maxims or precedents and testimonies. Cf. O'Dav. 1175 : lam fo nemiath .i. . . . lam fora mindib. nach nemedh do gait `the stealing of an article of little value' (? of great value), Laws iii 394.13 . in cintach in neim-neime do gabail de riana nimhe, a neimhe riana ferunn, H 3.17 c. 132 ( O'D. 160 ), i.e. non-`neimed' property was to be confiscated before `neimed' property, the latter before land. Of cattle : ro suidiged son la Feine hi comdire fria huasalneimthiu cethra, Laws iv 198 z , cf. 200.3 , 19 . ni gaibhtiur nimhe cethra i n-athgabail, H 3.17 c. 131 ( O'D. 159 ). nemeth bó, O'Mulc. 830 e .

(d) in special sense of landed property, any land owned by a nemed-person, esp. glebe-land: neimheadh .i. neamhiath .i. talamh as dlightheach d'eaglais, O'Cl. teampall . . . do forbhadh lasan epscop . . . ┐ neimheadh .i. talamh ecclusda do órdughadh dhó `glebe-land', AFM ii 1082.21 . ? nir dhíon ar an ccaptin . . . neimhedh naoimh nā filed, fiodh nā foithirghlend, v 1788.12 (transld. `sanctuary'). fer médaigthe neimhedh eccailsi ┐ ealadhan who augmented the property of church and science, vi 1908.8 (tr. `an exalter of sanctuaries'). ro croithset neimheadh an naoimh ┐ an innsi uile `glebe-land', Hugh Roe 92.2 (f. 24b) , of Tory Isl. blessed by Colum C. gan indradh no orgain neimheadh eccailsi ná eladhan, 190 z (f. 51a) . ? screpul gach teineadh cin tart | do neimeadh coicidh Connacht, Lism. L. 4780 (tr. `the chapel').

pn Nemed occurs as name of the leader of the Fir Bolg in the Book of Invasions = Nimeth, Gildas Hist. Brit. § 13 ( ZCP x 155 ); also N.¤ mac Sraibchind, see LL 129b14 . Possibly the same word as the above, see Van Hamel, ZCP x 183.

oíbelteóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oíbelteóir or dil.ie/33592
Last Revised: 2019

n f. orig. two distinct words, oíbell teóir (cf. oís teoáir, Wb. 12a24 ) or oíbell teóra (cf. ZCP xii 368.2 cited under 2 oíbell) `a spark (flame) of the theoric life', hence a contemplative, recluse (see further Ériu xii 58f. ): anmcarat .i. in aībell tēoir nō in dēorad Dē 'i.e. the 'spark of contemplation' or the exile of God', CB 134 § 13 gl. 13 . fer co rath De .i. aibillteoir no deoradh De, v 408.14 . g s. mile ceimenn maigin naím no espuic no aibillteora no deorai[d] De, Laws iv 228.6 (text). a laim aibillteoir no deoraid De, v 126.4 Comm. in t-apstal . . . in t-anmchara, in oeibelteoir [inoeibel teoir MS.], Lism. L. 3942 , see note ib. p. 397 . aibellteoir .i. intí istai[di] foirithin amail aibell a fertaib one who like a flame radiates (?) help through miraculous graces (?), O'Dav. 86.

oific

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oific or dil.ie/33627
Last Revised: 2019

n f. (Lat. officium)

(a) an office, calling, employment : oifig easbuig, 2 Timothy iii 1. duine agá bhfuil oiffic phuiblidhe, Mac Aingil 151.2 . gaibhneacht dob oiffic dhó, 112.16 . aes gach oifice, Marco P. 172. a fiadnaisi in espuic ┐ luchta na hoifici, Maund. 16. Tenure of office : Annas ┐ Coefas . . . bliadain no bitis ina n-oific, LB 228 marg. inf. an ccein baoí D. i n-oificc, AFM v 1686.14 . gurab í oifige agas obair gach ministir, Carswell² 20.664 .

(b) exercise of calling, function : co ndaingnightar iad isin creidemh tré n-ar n-oific-ne through our ministry, ITS xvi 46. 22 . gurub iad sin [sc. na háo] cet-oiprigid na cet-oifigi of the primary function (i.e. of nutrition), Rosa Angl. 130.5 .

(c) religious service, ritual : oific na heccailsi, BNnÉ 8 § 25. ar ccriochnuccadh oiffici an tsathairn doibh, 70 § 118 .

pars

Cite this: eDIL s.v. pars or dil.ie/34201

Forms: parsa, parsa, parsae, pars

n m. (Lat. pars) g s. in parsa , Thes. ii 255.16 (Stowe Miss.). n p. parsa, 254.7 ; 255.3 . parsae, 255.4 . g p. pars, 254.17 .

(a) a particle or piece of the Host or consecrated wafer (partes dicuntur divinae Eucharistiae vel panis eucharistici particulae, Du Cange ). .v. parsa di obli, Thes. ii 254.7 . lin pars bis i n-obli casc the number of particles that is in the Host of Easter, 254.17 . fuair [Grigoir] in pars tuc forsin altoir, ZCP iii 36.21 ; xii 373.6 . pars . . . do chaithem ré ndul for cel, MacCongl. 23.7 . fiadnaisi . . . espuic itir a pars ┐ a cailech, H 5.15 p. 16 b ( O'D. 1630 ), i.e. between the two acts of Communion: a testimony specially strong. fpars ar pūr (.i. abhlann ar glaine), ZCP v 488 § 8 (B. na f.). In wider sense: dogníad pars isind chaisc de feoil (the monks) take a particle of flesh at Easter, Mon. Tall. 12 .

(b) a specified interval of time : dá trian bratha i pars, pars go leith i minúit, MR 108.9 (reckoned as ⅟15 of an hour, i.e. four minutes).

senorba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. senorba or dil.ie/37168

n (1 sen+orba) lit. old inheritance explained by Plummer, Ériu x 113 , as the senior's estate, the cumal s.¤ (see below) being an additional portion to which the senior was entitled to enable him to discharge certain extra obligations which fell upon him as head of the family. See also Ir. Recht 80 .

foreith a orba fon tir fo cutruma fri mac cetmuindtire acht cumal sinnsire do mac cedmuindtire ┐ togha do randaib ┐ logh faesma, is dosuidhiu ata: `cach sindsir a togha' .i. la mac cedmuindtire in cumal ts.¤ , O'Curry 2000 ( H 4.22, p. 29 ). mac cetmuindtire . . . in flathas geilfine ┐ in togha do randaibh ┐ in cumal tseanorba, O'Curry 2231 ( Eg. 88, fo. 16b ). na da gradh flatha comaesa comaithe as crandcor etorro, ┐ cidh bédh dib dech isin righe, as in comal tsenorbo ┐ in togha do rannaib do breith dó, O'Curry 537 ( H 3.18, p. 266a ). inge cumal ts.¤ .i. prim aighi fine foloing tascur rig ┐ espuic ┐ is bunadach fri folang cinaid in tan gaibis derbfine dib a ngelfini, do erb an lin uile log cumaili do thir don fir sin ┐ do cach age fine cach ae tareis alailiu nach mbi co focus fine, O'Curry 856 ( H 3.18, p. 387b ). Ir. Recht ad loc. cit. orba maíne mes coirce ota cach cind comfocais, fo lin maine midhidear o ta hindua co hiarmua, inge cumal s.¤ , Laws iv 38.13 .i. acht in cumal senaigter don orba sain, sechtmad tire dibaid, ┐ a bith seic a laim flatha geilfine oc urnaidi fuidri ┐ gormic, 40.25 Comm . Ir. Recht ad loc. cit. cumal s.¤ . . . ata for sena oc in fine oca n-aidbrither, i 206.25 Comm . is e ní dliges inti dlegur d'airitniugud isin flaithes ngelfine .i. in cumal ts.¤ ┐ tus n-aibsin ┐ tus n-urlabra, Cóic Con. 45 § 72 (16.29) . níd-bíadh sealbh s.¤ , Cóir Anm. 203 , `you will never have the possession of the s.', i.e. you will never be head of your family, Plummer loc. cit. cen beith fesach i nduilginibh ┐ i senforma (? leg. senorba, Plummer MS. notes), ┐ i ndlighedh turbadha (one of the things forbidden to a breithem), O'D. 925 ( H 3.17, col. 657 ).

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