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1 cích

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cích or dil.ie/9038
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cíche, chichib, cīguib, chiigh, ciich, cích, cígh, -e, cích, -e, -a, cich

n Orig. s, n. ( cich ┐ glun a ndemi thepide, Auraic. 1852 ). Later m. and f. g s. and n p. cíche. d p. chichib, Anecd. i 4.2 ( SCano 80 ). Perh. orig. s, n., but cf. d p. cīguib, Corm. Y 145 . Note also n s. chiigh, Cáin Ad. 8 , n du. dā ciich , 3 . cích cígh f. (g s. -e), IGT Decl. § 39 . m. (g s. cích, -e, -a), § 46 .

(a) pap, (the female) breast : cich haec mamma , Ir. Gl. 100 . mo c[h]iche cen loimm, Todd Lect. vi 83.6 . immacossaitiub dá c.¤ cacha óenmná (threat of Bricriu), LU 8089 ( FB 6 ). dī cīch mnā nochlōitis leis (of Bricriu), ZCP viii 218.12 . ba cenn mna nō dā ciich noberthe i tasilbhath, Cáin Ad. 3 . di chich a mathar Finnchoime, IT i 142.18 . dac[h]ōdar mo chíghi-si i ndīsca, Cáin Ad. 8 . a ciche do taitnemh amail t-snechta, Lism. L. 3337 . a boill imellacha ┐ a cighi, Rosa Angl. 90.25 . delb mna o cichaib suas (of monster), TTebe 523 . ár mbrollach ┐ ár ccíocha leis breasts exposed, Párl. na mB. 562 . Of womens' supplication: nochtaid a cithi ris ┐ a n-ochta ┐ i n-urbruindi, ZCP viii 538.18 . tancatar uli máthrecha . . . ┐ a ciche nochta, PH 393 . cíche ar mná gaoil gá ghuidhe (Mary), DDána 7.9 . Of male: fo ch.¤ curad, Sc.M² 15 . eter a dí ch.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 61 . da ghreamaigh . . . / fá bhun a dhá chích an t-athach mór, Oss. vi 202.16 . Of pierced breast or heart of Christ: a luibh leighis créachta an chígh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 5 . fa ghoin an chígh a chead, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . do chuir don chrondsa an chíogha / fondsa díona vm fhuil ébha this spear which wounded the heart(?), Carswell 246.5 .

Of breast (heart) as seat of emotions: cíoch maithmheach na maighdine, PBocht 17.24 . breitheamh an chígh chruaidh `sternhearted judge', A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 10 . a labhairt chle 'na chighsin `his breast is full of evil words' (of critic), Ó Bruad. ii 236.z .

Applied to persons in metonymy: a ch.¤ na nóiden (of Mary), Trip. clxvi 10 . cīocha na heaguilsi (of the Apostles), Mac Aingil 4878 .

(b) In phrases indicating attesting of loyalty, allegiance, good faith, etc. by sucking the breasts of recipient (cf. Hiberno-Latin sugere mammellas, O'Brien, Études Celt. iii 372 - 3 ). iss esside abac dide a chichesom fergusa ┐ gaba(i)s a gruaide i nnairide a anacuil `this was the dwarf who sucked his, F.'s, breasts . . . as a token of (asking) quarter', Ériu xvi 38 § 5 (cf. xi 95). Less explicitly: trí meinistri (`halidoms') fer Féne .i. c.¤, grúad, glún, Triads 63 . fir ciche ┐ gruaide, nime ┐ talman guarantee of breast and cheek, etc. , Rawl. 132a31 ( Cymmr. xiv 112.7 ). ratha cuibse ┐ ciche ┐ cride, LL 4941 . ata mor dona doinib / fo chichib macni n-Oeda bound in friendship (loyalty), Anecd. i 4.2 ( SCano 80 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . Hence c.¤ in special sense of covenant : ná bris chíg, na briss cairdess, TBC-LL¹ 3508 . bāithfidear cīch ┐ cot(h)ach, ZCP viii 195 § 4 .

(c) Other phrases. With vbs.: si oc tabairt a ciche do (of Mary), Todd Lect. vi 49.7 . co tartur mo chiigh dō, Cáin Ad. 8 . Note also: riú-so is sínte súgh do chíogh (addressed to Ireland), Hackett² xxxvi 150 . a gait de cígh to wean her, Vita Br. 5 . bentair L. da chich, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.8 . mo ch.¤ rosibh fed at my breast, Todd Lect. vi 82.9 . do chíogh an uime do ibh? (: ríogh), Dán Dé xv 6 . a cíghe do dheol, Arch. Hib. i 85 § 2 . With prep.: ┐ Laigh mac Sriangabra ar cich leó being suckled, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.2 . noídin . . . Catar for c.¤ , Éigse vi 118.24 . maic a mbroind is maic ar chīch, ZCP v 25 § 10 . rí na cruinne ar a cíchibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 3 . Note also: for oenghlún ┐ oench.¤ ro alta ┐ Eogan he and E. were fosterbrothers, SG 310.15 . rod n-alt . . . éseom ┐ tri meic ind ríg i n-óenchliab ┐ for áench.¤ , LU 1666 .

(d) Attrib. gen. a bhuime chígh an Choimdheadh `nurse' (of Mary), Dán Dé xv 8 . banaltra cíodh Rígh ghil na glóire, Párl. na mB. 2012 . cuisle an chíogha `mother's arm' (i.e. Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xi 13 . fola in misa ciche the suckling month, O'Curry 1876 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). leanabh cígh suckling (of newly-born Christ), DDána 17.1 . For noídiu cíche see noídiu. Cf. naoídhe na ccíoch, Isaiah xi 8 . dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche (of close relationship), Ériu xiii 16.17 .

(e) In transfd. senses. Of recesses of woods or tops of mountains (somet. perh. as prep. phr. i cích(aib) in the bosom of, in the midst of, among ): i bhfoithribh nó i gcíogh choille (: díon), Ériu ix 163 § 7 . i ccigibh cnoc, BS 58.13 . learga buadha do chíogh gcorr (of hills of Ireland), Measgra D. 50.51 . Note also: do ling crobhuing chaoin bhalsaim / as cíoghuibh a cceas (? leg. creas, Ed.) a-mach (of branch from tree), O'Hara 3277 . tre chíghibh cíogh (? leg. craobh, Ed.) gcorr (of water falling through branches of trees), 2645 . Of the sea: ceol eachdra a gcíoghoibh cuain `on the breast of the sea', O'Hara 4154 . an fedh do chóidh o chígh cuáin inland, Rel. Celt. ii 226.4 .

Other applications: a cholggairthe na gcíoch ngeal (of castle), DDána 68.34 `thou castle of . . . fair bastions', Ir. Monthly 1920, 543 . clodib orduirn . . . go cichib oir `inlayings', RC xii 60.18 . Of herb: cīch .i. cich girg (sic MS.), luib asa taet ass, O'Mulc. 221 . Note also: cíoch-bhraighed (leg. cíoch bh.) uvula, Mackinnon Cat. 56.11 .

COMPDS. With nouns: sreabh chorcra an chíoghasa, Aithd. D. 65.38 . cíochoighir in chríochshlóigh `suckled heir', O'Gr. Cat. 399.18 . ar cíchshlios cuain dochuadhas im aonarán enclosed margin, Hackett² xlii 33 . With adjj.: cichban cearbnad, BB 23b6 = Cermnat chích-bán, Meyer Contribb. ( Eg. 1782, 55a ). cath cro cearnach cíchbhlaith, IT iii 89 § 116 . See also Cíchloiscthe, Cíchloiscech.

clechtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clechtaid or dil.ie/9407
Last Revised: 2019

v (1 clecht) is or becomes accustomed to; accustoms oneself to; of people, is accustomed to, frequents, consorts with; of a calling, practises, plies.

(a) With personal noun or pronoun: conidh misgaisiu lasna tuathaibh na tigerna clechtait forru innat na tigernada aili whom they are accustomed to have over them, CCath. 5107 (ticcernuidhe, v.l.). is misi . . . ra chleachtsad ant oireacht-sa orra, TTebe 839 . tig i láimh an tí chleachtas / an seabhac 'gá mbí aithne to whom he is accustomed(?), Measgra D. 25.21 . an t-aos cumtha nár chleacht sinn whom I have not frequented, KMMisc. 242 § 6 . seachain sgéulta fábhuill . . . ┐ cleachd thú féin do chum díaghachda, 1 Timothy iv 7 .

(b) With noun or noun-phrase: amal clechtait a n-urcharu (gl. ut soleant iacula) as they are accustomed (to hurl), Gild. Lor. 81 . is esside toisech ro clecht cruit ┐ organ who first used, Rawl. 69b25 ( BB 11a11 ). Cf. b23 . F. . . . roda clecht claideb, LU 5566 (TBC, rhet.) nír chlecht góe, LL 3245 . na cleacht cumann re duine cainntech `do not keep company with a chatterer', Ériu v 134.69 . na cleacht do lebend do Lurc / . . . / na leic cnoc Cairmaic do Curc `let not thy platform become accustomed to Lorc', Cog. 124.14 . do coimhēt slāinte dom' ḟlaith / clechtad farrad (.i. linn) maith is fin, ZCP v 489 § 14 (B. na f.). slán úaim don ceird clechtaim féin which I practice, Eg. 88, 19b2 (cited Meyer Contribb.). a coimleaba do-clechtsum we were wont to share his couch, Prolegomena 45 § 19 . do chleachtais fleadh is fiadhach, DDána 68.20 . an cádhus do chleacht idir `to which she was ever used', Studies 1923, 421 § 3 . cá talamh do chleacht, Oss. vi 168.z . na garma chleachtar anois, mar atá barún, bhíocont, iarla . . . that are used, Keat. iii 123 . amhuil damh nar chleachd an chuing (was unaccustomed to), Jeremiah xxxi 18 . treise ag cath eachtrann oruibh / a Leath Cuinn, nir chleachtobhair, Aithd. D. 39.5 . altrannas i gcéin cleachtfad I shall practise, DDána 66.10 . cairdi do dhola ar a ndíol / . . . nír chleacht cliar were not accustomed to having their reward postponed, O'Hara 2681 . Cf. int shoillsi edrocht . . . indi nar cleachtadar daib the thing to which they had not accustomed themselves(?), YBL 151b43 .

(c) With vn., quasi-Vn. or vn. phrase: cléchtait méirlig . . . atréb and, Trip.² 1846 . no chlechtatis na genti saerad a mogad isin sechtmad bliadain, Lat. Lives 59.13 (solebant). conclechtaimse (? leg. co clechtaimse) cairmteoracht . . . nad clechta err óencharpait do imluad ar m'ési, LU 8505 (rhet.). mar ar clecht bronnad i[n] buair, Ériu x 84 § 73 . im cech mi-gním . . . ro-clechtsat, PH 4160 . clechtait doine a thadall ┐ a póccad, Petrie, Round Towers 435 ( LB 158a18 ). ca crich as ar cemnigis ┐ ca cele ca clechtaidh (?leg. -ais) do comluigi, RC i 48.30 . trenachaur no chlechtad claide, LL 20658 (hypermetric, ?leg. tren caur). nu gu clecht sí a sírsborad until it has grown accustomed to constant spurring, Ériu iv 214 § 12 . fuarattar an míol mór isin ionadh ina cclectadh beith, BNnÉ 70 § 118 . Inis Chuinn do chleacht leónadh `that hath been practised in suffering', Studies 1921, 75 § 16 .

(d) Folld. by prep. With AR (FOR): a chu chleachtas ar cnamaibh who is wont to be . . . , IT iii 85 § 84 ( BB 291b19 ). ? a mmag forclechtat int ṡlúaig, Imr. Brain § 5 (conclechtot, v.l. see RIA Dict. F col. 322.32) = for-clechat, ZCP xviii 411 § 5 . 'san chnoc-sa rochleachtastair, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.20 . an fhoighide . . . / gloineide an chlí i gcleachdainn-se, DDána 55.3 . cuiced Lagen . . . / i[n]ar chlecht cach dagfer dían in which used to dwell, LL 4177 . cleachtmaoid a ccuasaibh carrach `we frequent', Atlantis iv 136.32 .

With OC: is ingen Chathaīr ro chlecht / . . . coa timthirecht used to be ministering to them, Fing. R. 665 . ag síol Cheallaigh 'gar chleacht mé with whom I was wont to be, DDána 77.21 . ar Mhuiris gCliach 'gar chleachtas, 67.32 .

In impers. construction: mar sin nár clechtadh d'U Cháimh / cliar ó thosaig d' a tatháir Ó C. was not accustomed to being censured, Ériu iv 216 § 13 . do cleachtadh dháibh fíon d'ibhe / do láimh ríogh `they were wont', Studies 1924, 241 § 2 . iar gcaill an tearmainn ┐ an tsochair do cleachtaoi leó d'fhaghbháil ó Ghaedhealaibh, Keat. i 84.y . an ré do chleachtadh i dtalamh Éireamhóin that used to be the practice (?), Hackett xxxiv 4 (`as a custom'), Gloss.).

denaid, dinid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. denaid, dinid or dil.ie/16635
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ndenand, denait, dhenedh, déndais, dith, dide, rodenus-sa, roden, dinestar, rodentar, deol

v IGT Verbs § 76 . sucks. Indic. pres. 3 s. cích na críni . . . cipé na ndenand , LL 150a20 . 3 pl. denait do laíg, a Rotán, Trip.² 1645 . Impf. 3 s. a dornn do dhenedh he used to suck his fist, Cóir Anm. 123 . 3 pl. ní déndais a loíg acht aní conarléiced-som dóib, Trip.² 1642 . Pret. 3 s. lia māthair dith ind lóeg at its mother the calf sucked, Hy. v 76 . rel. iss ésside abac dide a cíchesom Fergusa, Ériu xvi 38 § 5 (see note p. 42). Perf. 1 s. rodenus-sa sini ind fhir maith móinig ica rabatar móini na hecisi, RC xxvi 17 n. 7 . 3 s. roden in ben a ó cona farcaib feóil na crocand fair, xiii 436 . ro dinestar , Thes. ii 346.23 gl. dith, Hy. v 76 cited above. 3 pl. is deol rodentar (rodinetar, v.l.) ind loíg, ZCP iv 46.12 .

Vn. deol.

1 é, hé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 é, hé or dil.ie/19325
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ishé, is hé, hǽ, isé, hǽ, hé, asné, ishe, issé, isé, é, hé, é, hésom, hesom, hǽsium, ésium, esium, eisiu, esiomh, eisim, esim, éseom, eseom, eiseom, esen, ésen, eisen, eisea, eision, essium, eissiu, eissiumh, esseo, essem, essim, eissi, eissin, hisseom, heside, he side, éside, eside, éisidhe, eisidhe, eiside, esede, eisidh, esiden, esidein, eisidhein, esein, éisei, eiséin, eisidei, eiseic, ese, esside, hessidhi, eissid, eissidi, eissideic, eisseic, eissein, es(s)ide, bé, cebe, gibe, cidbe, eside, esium, (h) é, éseom, esium, eissium, é, é

pron. 3 s. m. ; fem. , q.v. (later also í) ; neut. 1 ed, q.v. For pl. see 2 é.

In Glosses with copula : ishé, Wb. 4c3 . 25b2 . Sg. 3b20 . is hé, Ml. 36a32 . is hǽ , 102b5 . isé, BCr. 18b12 . mad hǽ , Wb. 27b6 . ba hé , Ml. 24a4 . Wb. 19c4 . asné, 4d16 . Ml. 31b24 . Mark of length sometimes omitted, as : ishe Wb. 25a24 . Ml. 45b11 .

In early Mid. Ir. with copula 3 s. pr. issé, isé ; independently é, hé ; in later MSS regularly é. Before -som, etc. hésom, Wb. 7c8 . 24d5 . hesom, Ml. 53a5 . 90b13 . hǽsium, Ml. 30c5 . ésium, TBC-LL¹ 1744 . 6050 . esium, 1107 . 1189 . LL 223b14 . eisiu, Acall. 1979 . esiomh, TBC-LL¹ 3883 St. eisim, TBC-I¹ 2444 . BColm. 60.6 . esim, 104 . 12 . éseom, TBC-LL¹ 5971. eseom, LU 12a36 . 126a29 . TBC-I¹ 559 . 580 . eiseom, 1222 . 1543 . TTr.² 1451 . esen Corm. Y 276 . CCath. 2615 . ésen, TBC-LL¹ 2893. eisen O'Gr. Cat. 488 ( : seisen). eisea, Dán Dé xxv 53 ( : móirsheisear). TSh. 5134 . eision, TBC-LL¹ 3883 v.l. TD 34. l. 189 . In early Mid. Ir. freq. with -ss- : essium, PH 281. MacCongl. 55.11 . eissiu, Acall. 6017.6708 . 7890 . eissiumh Metr. Dinds. iv 282y . esseo, Trip. 394.4 . IT i 131.12 . essem, Ériu i 126.12 . ZCP ix 156 ( = TBC-I¹ 1543 ). essim ZCP iii 258 ( = LU 126a29 ). eissi, Acall. 2080.3353 . eissin, 7642 . Cf. hisseom, PH 1513 . Before -side, -séin, etc. : heside, Wb. 3c15 . Ml. 100c10 . 102a20 . he side Ml. 100b23 . éside, LL 219a34 . eside, TBC-LL¹ 2230 . PH 929 , etc. éisidhe, Lism. L. 3429 . eisidhe, 424 . eiside Laws iv 138z Comm. . TTr.² 373 . esede, TBC-LL¹ 4502. eisidh, Laws i 8.6 . esiden, YBL 62a27 . esidein, BColm. 52.18 . eisidhein, ZCP viii 551 y ( = TBC-LL¹ 1874 ). esein, PH 1963 . éisei, Acall. 1463 . eiséin, Studies 1924, 242 § 7 . eisidei, Laws i 4.25 . eiseic, iv 46.14 Comm. v 448.30 Comm. Acall. 5944 . ese, Laws iv 16.17 Comm. With -ss- : esside , LU 22a38 . ZCP viii 302.23 . Auraic. 207 . MacCongl. 3.11 . hessidhi, Lism. L. 3888 . eissid, Corm. Y 276 . eissidi, Do Chupur 56 ( IT iii 237 ). eissideic, Acall. 4833 . eisseic, 6034 . eissein, 5819 . 7982 .

In early Mid. Ir. we sometimes find es(s)ide standing for a fem. subst. : oc siair tharisi do .i. fedb craibdech eside PH 943 ; cf. Laws iv 176.24 ( 178.4 ) ; 226.7 .

The O.Ir. quantity of 1 é before the suffix is attested by the rime glēsom : hēsom, IT iii 44 § 60 . Thurneysen remarks ( Thurn. Hdb. § 447 ) that the length of the vowel in ésom may be due to the influence of 2 é which, to judge from Welsh wy, is long by nature. In late Mid.-Ir. however the vowel is regularly short before the strengthening or anaphoric suffixes. The shortening may be explained by the analogy of 3 mes(s)e, tussu s.v. .

A detailed examination of the use of the independent pron. in Old and Mid. Ir. belongs to syntax and would be out of place here ; we give however some illustrations of the typical uses for these periods. Some special uses are noticed in IX.

I Placed immediately after the copula, in the following types of sentences :

(a) bad he for n-ere (gl. portate dominum) Wb. 9d12 . is heside athir inna mmachabdae (gl. Mathathiae) Ml. 74b6 . ishé a ammus lemm that is my guess at it (gl. cum iam fere centum annorum esset) Wb. 2c27 . ba ed á n-oínbiad (gl. mannae) Ml. 97d8 . Símon Bar-ióne...is e eochair na flatha némdai, PH 1639 . tucus aichne fairsim corb'é Ísu I knew that He was Jesus 3736 . ní hé Cormac beus, TBC-I¹ 13 . In Mid. Ir. the pron. is often repeated after the subj. in sentences of this type : (a1) is é gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé, LU 101a39 = FB 14 (hé om. ZCP iv 153 ). issé mo lennán é, TBC-LL¹ 4560 . corb' e metrapolitan na primchathrach he, PH 189 . as é céd-duine tárla dó hé, Acall. 624 . fa hé céidrí Éireann do ṡíol Éibhir é, Keat. ii 1875 . When the second pron. stands for a subst. of different gender from that of the pred. we get the type : is tocrádh mór marbhnadh Dé | ní hé an brón gan adhbhur í, Dán Dé xxvi 1 . dob é ceirtleath m'anma í, Studies 1924, 428 § 9 .

(b) is hésom doradchiúir (gl. Christo Jesu) Wb. 2b9 . is heside dorárricc báas dúnni, 3c15 . is heside robu rí, Ml. 100c10 . Mac Roth...is e timchellas hErind ind oenló TBC-I¹ 1110 .

(c) is he Dia insin (Quis est iste Deus...? Deus sc. ille qui...) Ml. 83c5 . rii benn ced ara neper? Is he rí tuathi insin lasmbiat .vii. ngraid ḟene, Laws iv 328.24 . is hé rí insin loingside siabrai, LU 99a27 .

(d) ba he a ngnimsom molad Dǽ (quorum...officium) Ml. 24a4 . is sí ind inducbal lesom in molad, 126b17 . corrophed mo indeb Crist (gl. ut Christum lucrifaciam) Wb. 24a6 . is e in cetna herdach celebrad ┐ procept brethri Dé, PH 3600 . dob í m'ḟáilte mo riar, Keat. iii 1450 . issé biadh do buí ag M. uidhe cerc ┐ aran, BCC § 122 . Keat. ii 2687 .

(e) is hé rufiastar cumachtae inna diglae...in tí, etc. Ml. 111c13 . is ed as dulem daitsiu m'etarcnae, 103a9 . is é as fhoghar dá gach eon | moladh Dé, Dán Dé xiv 23 . Cf. is e thainic a n-agaid Patraic .i. Sínell, Lism. L. 248 .

(f) asné Crist in lie asrubart, Wb. 4d16 . issi so a chiall, Ml. 65a3 . is e cētlá na sechtmaine in domnach PH 3584 . int shollsi-so...is e Crist mac Dé sin, 3792 . badh í an úaisle ar n-eólaichne, Ériu ix 163 § 6 . gurbh í Éire tobar draoidheachta iarthair Eorpa, Keat. ii 963 . The pron. is regularly in concord with the follg. subst., but cf. is í ar gceann báidheine an bhean, Dán Dé ii 29 .

(g) When the pred. precedes the cop., the word following the pron. usually decides the gender of the latter : in choss is hé oís achtáil, Wb. 12a23 . Crist didiu issí in chathir, 21c5 . cf. i dteangthaibh nach í an Scoitic in languages other than Scottic Content. vi 19 . Cf. on the other hand Wb. 3b16 , 18 . PH 1639

(h) is hé Dia as eola indiumsa, Wb. 8d23 . ní hé apstal citarogab in testiminso, Ml. 38c3 . comad he Nathi bud choscrach, RC xxiv 180 . ba saeth le M. nach he Brian ba ri, 176 . ce nib ed á ainmsom bes foir, Ml. 23d17 . (In O.Ir. the pron. is not obligatory in this type ; cf. issí ind ainim as airlam...ní incorpp, Wb. 3d11 . ni far mbrónsi immafolngi fáilti domsa, 16b8 . is a indocbál fessin condieig cách, 23d5 . ni Dia dudgní..., Ml. 44d21 .) is é mo chorp ro ádnaicis[s]i, PH 3732 . is é an beo do bhí 'na chroich | doní idir eo agus éanlaith, Dán Dé vi 40 . gurbh í an Ghaedhealg fá teanga dona draoithibh, Keat. ii 964 .

(i) The copula may be omitted : he fessin as choimsid dáu, Thes. ii 294.3 . hé cotnarlaic...doib anisin, SR 3659 . é leth luidi, Metr. Dinds. ii 2 . é domrad a n-éccomhnart, BS 48.16 .

II

(a) After interrogatives : cia hé (gl. quis) Ml. 46c17 . cia hé nundixnaigthersiu, 75c9 . ce hé roscríb, Sg. 197a19 . cóich esein, PH 1963 . cidh esen itir, TBC-LL¹ 3843 St. cuich hé in t-airfidech ut ?, Acall. 7525 . cret eissein in t-abhacc ?, 7982 .

(b) After sechi, sechip, cip (cib) : sechi he (gl. si quis) Ml. 35b4 . sechi é cretes de illis Wb. 15b1 . sechi sí (gl. quaelibet) Ml. 65d2 . sechi sí dia rignaib, 65d8 . sechip hé nodapridcha whosoever he be that preaches it Wb. 14d28 . sechip hé dán tra doberthar do neuch, 13a3 . ciphé ade Ml. 26a1 . ponat ergo lunam (cipé) ubilibet computare voluerit BCr. 31c2 . ciped ní, PH 1520 . gib é dig...ni ba missi, TBC-LL¹ 1223 . cip é imress méla...fort, 46 . So far as can be judged from published material cip é (gib é) is regularly replaced in late Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. by the anomalous gi bé (gidh bé), in which bé is fully stressed and alliterates with b. This form occurs already in O.Ir. : cia bé a mmet however big it be Ml. 61b28 . cía bé (MSS. cebe, gibe, cidbe, etc.) dlug bías duib, Metr. Dinds. iii 42 . gipe ra ṡossed (cía bé roisedh v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 6076 . atú ar bhaois gidh bé nach fuil, Dán Dé ix 8 . gi bé do bhronn a dhá rosg, Studies 1921, 258 § 9 .

It may be noted here that the position of the pron. in copula (or virtually copula) sentences in Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. is not always in accordance with orthodox modern usage, e.g. Tadhg esiomh nó a aithgin he is T. or else his counterpart O'Gr. Cat. 488 (= Ir. Monthly 1921, 291 ).

III With 2 os, q.v. : os hǽ (gl. donorum amicus) Ml. 69c4 . oshé, 122b14 . oshe, 123b4 . osse cona licc fora thairr, TBC-I¹ 891 . Similarly with is (s), s, ocus (┐) : deidghin...ina cinn isse níamdo, IT i 119.27 . a inar bláith ...is é étrom, TBC-I¹ 1871 . mar éan is é gan eitil, Dán Dé vii 22 . in scáilfer...sé tailc, IT i 271.11 . andara hech dibsidi ocus se...luath-lemnech, TBC-I¹ 2557 . ocus se baccach, PH 620 . ┐ se ina shessom, 622 . áráit...si imtromm, IT i 271.36 .

IV Independently : hésom triuss, Wb. 7c8 . tría buith adi innim ┐ hǽsium i talam because He is in heaven and he on earth Ml. 30c5 ....nad cho[m] nech acht hesom fesin 53a5 . cen fis accu he buden ina Cristaige, PH 56 . ni nech aile...acht he buden ┐ Dia, 607 . nachar mhair acht é féin amháin, Keat. ii 4179 . cunnradh eile atamaoidni do dhenamh le hA., acus eisin linne, Ir. Deeds, Trans. RIA xv 87.22 . In affirmation : Ferbaeth an e dothæt... imbarach? Eiseom on, TBC-I¹ 1543 = YBL 31a17 . After indá, in(n)a, ná than ( = O.Ir. oldá(a)s, indá(a)s) : fearr neach ele iná hé féin | dá mholadh, Studies 1924, 242 . do ba sine ioná é féin, Keat. ii 1828 . After cen, eter, 1 amlaid, 1 mar, q.v.

Here also may be noticed the type : is móidi a subailchi sin ┐ is laidirede congmus duine a n-agaid a namatt é its virtues are the greater (for) that and it aids a man more powerfully against his enemies thereby Maund. 139 . do benadh an t-iarann as an crand ┐ nir misde do bhi an tseisrech ag trebad é the iron was removed and none the worse was the team plowing BCC § 76 ; in these passages the pronouns sin, é, are asyntactical. Cf. the exx. in Fasc. i 162-163.

The usages classified under V-IX belong to the Mid. Ir. period, and later. Strachan has shown that V-VII were in use before the end of the eleventh century, and well established before the end of the twelfth ; see Ériu i 176 .

The form sé which arises in this period is treated s.v.

V As subject of the copula, following the pred. In early Mid. Ir. we find numerous exx. in which side is replaced by eside, som by esium, etc. (perhaps on the pattern of is éside x, is ésom x), as : in Fiac sin dano mac eside meic E....(v.l. mac sede), Thes. ii 307.3 . Cf. the O.Ir. types : is Diasom domsa, Wb. 1a2 . ni augtor side uilc, Ml. 44d19 ; these seem parallel to : ba cosnamaid Erenn esside an inbaid sin i n-agaid Cathail, MacCongl. 3 - 5 .

In early Mid. Ir. eside, esium, etc. usually follow the pred. directly, while the copula is unexpressed : dalta esseom do P., Trip. 394.4 . bai mac etorro... .i. Mael D. mac A. esside , LU 22a38 . Necódim...sái rechta eside PH 3677 . dalta do C. beos essium, 281 . Whether this type preceded and originated the use of the simple pron. as subj. of the copula is uncertain; there are numerous early exx. of (h) é etc. where the anaphoric pron. would be out of place.

Nicodemus... .i. cara inclethi do Crist he, PH 209 . ní cubaid bás cosmail doib, uair Pól ennacc he, Petar tra...écraibdech eside, 1865 . With copula expressed: combá mac dond ríg hé, LU 22b29 . is la Coin Culaind... hé, 112a24 ( FB 89 ). ba hairchindech na n-apstal he, PH 1637 . ba hōgshlān he, 468 . ba cumang les he, 64 .

VI As obj. of trans. vb., replacing the O.Ir. infixed pron. (The transitional stage is illustrated in the tautological types: cotgair Lugaid amach hé, TBC-I¹ 1063 . connachrancatár hé, LU 59a33 . roscuirset himmach he, PH 110 ): cona ragbad in galar hé, LU 14b31 . rocharsat hé, 121b35 . rochrechtnaig eseom, 126a28 . co cualutar hé, PH 18 . acall-su fessin é, TBC-LL¹ 1652 . guid he beseech him PH 343 . In reflexive sense: do lecc C.C. ar a gluínib é, BCC 274.29 .

VII As subj. of pass. vb.: robaided hé, LU 41a23 . cf. rogabad hí, 41a33 . is annam fogabar he cen chatha RC xxiv 200 . meni frithalter innocht é, TBC-LL¹ 1352 . nach acaltar é, 1694 . rohindarbad asin cathraig he, PH 949 .

VIII Occasionally as subj. of certain intrans. verbs: mas re ré na fochraice táinic amuigh hé, Laws iv 134.13 Comm. noco bia itir hi, 42.2 Comm. ar nach tisad friss he, LL 217b34 . ní raibe a n-aicned duinde eisseic, Acall. 6034 . ni roerchoidigestar do hí (sc. in lassar), Trip. 392.9 . Cf. as subj. of trans. verb: ni torracht Herinn andsin í, RC xii 78 . In such exx. the pron. is regularly separated from the vb., cf. imridh sé éinbhearta is í, IGT, Decl. ex. 1113 ; but: ór ḟás eision, TD 34. l. 189 .

Here may be noted: ol eissidi, IT iii 237.1 . bar ésium (éseom) quoth he TBC-LL¹ 4568 . 5971 . 6050 . ar esium 1189 . bar eissium , Acall. 4615 . cf. ar si, ar sisi, IT ii2 227.34 - 5 . See ol.

IX There are a few special uses of é in a neutral sense, without regard to gender of follg. subst. (cf. 1 ed):

(a) is e cuit in `acht' and the force of the `except' here is Laws iv 42.1 Comm. is e cuit in dono ann, 136.24 Comm. badh é a chríoch...go mbrisfimni..., Ériu ix 164 § 14 . is é críoch a gcualabhair this is the gist TD 31.8 . an é a reic is damhna dhí, 22a42 . iss é sin ciall in sceil, Acall. 3326 . is é áit..., Keat. iii 5055.5199 etc.

(b) in indef. predication, as: ní hé amháin not only that TD 9.11 ; 22.5 . Ó Héodhusa 34.9 ; 54.5 . Mac Aingil 326 . an é nach faici-sí C.? do ye not see C? BCC § 100 . an é nách easbol meisi ? an é nách fuilim saor ? 1 Corinth. ix 2 .

(c) referring to a statement or fact, etc.: rucad in Dond C....úadib...conid é sin méla ┐ mertain ┐ meraigecht is mó tucad for C.C., TBC-LL¹ 2041 (conadh í sin mela is mó v.l.). a Dhé ní d'anaibhse mh'olc | é nach faghaim-se furtocht, Dán Dé vi 34 . re hinghin Anna is é adearar | Dia an t-eitne agus ibh an chnú, x 22 . as é adeirid...nach treabhonn mé...iad, Studies 1923, 81 . is é chráidheas an croidhe | mé ag áineas tar m'eólchoire, 1924, 88 . See Strachan, Ériu i 163 .

For é with neut. or fem. subst. in Mid.-Ir. see Strachan's paper on Middle Ir. Declension, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1905 .

fáiltnigid, faíltnigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáiltnigid, faíltnigid or dil.ie/21128

Forms: fóeltnigis

v g (fáilte, faílte).

I Trans. gladdens, makes rejoice: failtnigid tiduabairt int ṡrotha cathraig ṅDé (= laetificat) PH 5533 . cid mor fháiltnigit ciúil ┐ cóibleda menmain in duine, is mou ... ḟáiltniges ind ecna diadai, 7105 . Refl. rejoices: rosfailtnigset na ... hapstail ... o fhegad in choimded, 6713 . cf. rosfailtnig ... dó sin congratulated him on that (?) or rejoiced at that (?) 1180 .

II Intrans. rejoices, is glad, absol. or with prep.: im miad ... in ratha ... i fhailtnigend ind eclais, PH 5534 . failtnighit [ind énlaith] la tess ┐ ligdata samraid, Ériu ii 126 § 90 . co caíned in doman do bás Martain amal noḟailtniged dia bethaid, Todd Lect. v 99 . fóeltnigis rejoiced BDD 156 Eg. o ro chuala P. sin rofháltnig co mor, PH 1694 - 5 . otchualatar ... esside ro ḟaeltnigset co mor, LB 224a50 . With fri: cuairt ... frisa failtniget arbair aingel `at which ... rejoice' Ériu ii 122 § 64 . otchúala U. in comrád sin, roḟáiltnig a aicned fris, Mer. Uil. 257 . Hence is glad to see, welcomes : roḟailtnighset cach diobh fri cele, Leb. Gab.(i) i 232.10 . rofailtnig ... an ri reme, D IV 2, 58[56]ra 36 .

Cf. fáiltigid(ir).

inadaid, inaidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inadaid, inaidid or dil.ie/28204

v ā or i places, appoints: do-huicem-ni corub ó toil-si (=ót thoil-si) ḟollamnaiges mac Muire na duile ┐ is esside ro hinaided uait-siu he has been appointed by you, LB 230b18 . gach fear oile do réir a gharma, ionadtar ar chlár an bhrannaimh é, TSh. 857.

in-fóidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. in-fóidi or dil.ie/28594

Forms: infhuiter, hinaided, infóite

v sends, sends down : Pass. indic. pres. pl. aingil infhuiter o Dia, PH 7152. pret. is esside ro hinaided uaitsiu He was sent from Thee, LB 230b18 . Part. infóite gl. inmisa, Ml. 99b3 .

1 mál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mál or dil.ie/31461

Forms: máil

n o, m., IGT Dec. 96.12 . A prince, chief, noble or eminent person, a poetic term of loose significance; glossed rí, Corm. 881 , cf. 880 , Cóir Anm. § 5 , LL 311b33 , O'Cl. , Eg. Gl. 460 ; uasal, O'Dav. 1259 , Metr. Gl. 29 § 48 , Lec. Gl. M 54 , Eg. Gl. 465 , ZCP v 493 , O'Cl. ; milidh no gaisgeadhach, O'Cl. , Eg. Gl. 469 , Forus Foc. 23.

(a) in general sense: ní nais uma na hairgead . . . acht for m.¤ (.i. acht for in uasal), Laws iv 36.1 , cf. Corm. Y 881 , O'Dav. 1259. mal na slog the Lord of hosts (of God), SR 4427. mac Maire . . . mal menman, LL 200a5 . m.¤ machta (of Samson), SR 5366. gorbo m.¤ cach maige móir (of Joseph), 3431 . an mal, int atha[i]r uasal Abram, Ériu iii 144.7 . Cuchulaind . . . m.¤ mór Maigi Murthemni, SCC 38. mal Mis (.i. ríg montis), Ériu ii 5.14 . araile læch mal mór ēsside , MacCongl. 3.11 . mal mar mac Mailecoba, MR 262.9 . mál Muman, AFM v 1408.5 . ? in rómail (= ro-máil?) . . . in rétla (of Colum C.), ZCP x 54.4 . do síol Muiredaigh an máil, ZCP viii 221 § 47. ar ndith an máil Mathgamhna, Cog. 96.6 (poem). pl. rom-charsat máil Maigi Breg, LU 3004 = SG 235. lín a muirech, lín a mál, 6629 . caiti mail iarthair betha where are the chiefs? AFM ii 596.15 . i mMidhe na mal, ZCP viii 106.7 . o chath Mucrima na mmál, LL 131a26 = Trip. 536.5 . triatha . . . taoisigh . . . ┐ máil, TSh. 6611.

(b) of poets or scholars; glossed file, Corm. Y 881 , O'Cl. , Eg. Gl. 467. This seems to be the sense in SR 1101 : Dia ar tooir, derbait māil, | ro delb cech cooir comlāin; perhaps also in: Mosi mórglan moltais máil, 4497 ; segdai máil, 4253 (leg. segtai? cf. 2363 ); 865 , 5331 , 7037 . crinmaind craind cartait māil of the tree which poets love, IT iii 69.2 , see Bruchst. i § 57 . māil ┐ fāidi ┐ fisidi, RC xiii 223.45 (= filid H). So in B. na filed: o mal (.i. ó filid), ZCP v 483 § 3 , cf. 485 § 4 , 489 § 13 .

(c) of women (ā, f. ?): ingen Foraind . . . caín m.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 10. an mhál .i. an ríoghan, O'Cl. ; Eg. Gl. 463. Cf. the compd.: ar in máilḟinn ṅgelbláith nglain, Anecd. i 35 § 85.

As npr. m.: Mál mac Rochride, LL 129b6 ( MacCarthy 202 ). mac Máil, ib. 12 . Fél. 74.14 . BNnÉ 25 § 15.

malartnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. malartnaid or dil.ie/31473

n i, m., a destroyer: is esside int ídal ┐ malartnaig in uli anmund, PH 1294. a malartnaig na n-anmund! 1368 .