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1 bé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bé or dil.ie/5502
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Bée, béithe, beith, mbéithe

n n., later f. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 113 and Études Celt. xxv 123-24 . n s. b.¤ nAnand, Corm. Y 104. a mb.¤ , SR 5974. in b.¤ thondgel, LL 18500. g s. Bée, LL 27711. d s. do b.¤ , TFerbe 64 . Mod. g s. na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . d s. don bhéith ghlain, O'Rah. 154.5. n pl. béithe, ZCP v 229.26 (Midn. Court). g pl. beith, Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . mbéithe, ZCP v 226.10 (Midn. Court).

Woman: Brigit b.¤ bithmaith `ever excellent woman', Thes. ii 325.15 , glossed: ben ut dicitur b.¤ bind .i. ben find, 29 . bē nē[i]t (.i. badb) .i. bē ben ┐ nēt cath . . . Inde dicitur: `b. nét fort,', Corm. Y 168. Brigit bē n-ēxe . . . B.¤ bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda goddess, 150 . b.¤ find fors ṅdestatar deirgindlid áir (rhetoric), BDD² 306. be ḟind ḟota ḟoltlebor, IT i 69 § 4. a bē, ZCP viii 102.15 (B. na f., 557.17 ). a mb.¤ n-aill, LL 21147. b.¤ adbul Heriu, 1651 . do b.¤ thastil female messenger, TFerbe 64 . cain-be fial forssaid ḟindnar, SR 3700. co tucas-sa in mb.¤ sáir sláin / Aife, Ériu iv 154.26 . seimigud b immorro .i. a bhen, a bhan, a bhe binn, Auraic. 1275. b.¤ ebraice (bath `daughter'? ed.), mulier latine , O'Mulc. 130. `b.¤' ben, Metr. Gl. 18 § 52. b.¤ .i. bean, O'Cl.

In Laws and glossaries in designations of classes of women. b.¤ carna wanton, harlot : cia ben is mesa do mnáib? Ni hansa. B. chārna, ZCP viii 113.12 . be carna .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). b.¤ charna .i. merdrech, ar dia ndech in ben co cuicir is b.¤ charna. fothad cairn .iiii. clocha, cloch fair is carnn iarum, O'Dav. 213 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 108 ). b.¤ cétmuinterasa woman with standing of head of a household, chief wife (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46.28 ): mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comceniuil, Laws ii 380.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 ). mad be cetmunterasa glossed: mad bean bus cetmuindter uais co dligthech, 382.4 Comm. b.¤ cuitgernsa `woman of condominium' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 218.18 ): ma co tir ┐ cetra ┐ intreb, ┐ mad comsair comtechta a cuma lanamnusa, ┐ is don ben sin asberar be cuitcernsa, ii 356.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 18.36 ). b.¤ n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 64.25 , 96 f. ): nocon uil ni do do lamda . . . a be nimruma, uair ar a urail fein bis a chartach . . . ┐ nocon eadh bis . . . a be nimruma, Laws ii 400.15 Comm. be nimrama .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). sechtmud do i n-a dormain ┐ i n-a be n-imruma, Laws v 72.4 Comm. b.¤ n-indlis `non-owned woman', see Ériu xii 74.18 . a atitin a primmna ┐ a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ┐ a aititin a fir ata saide, Laws ii 400.26 Comm. b.¤ loirge: direnar b.¤ luirge lándire `a distaff woman', O'Gr. Cat. 145.19 (Nero A vii, 153b9). Cf. dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, glossing lorg `road', O'Dav. 1155. b.¤ loiste loinetha woman of the kneading-trough and churn-dash: direnar . . . lándire b.¤ loisde luineatha alaile, O'Gr. Cat. 145.19. b.¤ roethine woman cast up by the sea?: be roethine .i. roethine mara dode-cuirethar .i. mairchor- (leg. muirchorthae, ed.), Ir. Recht 8 § 8. b.¤ tacuir foundling woman: b.¤ tacair do-renur cuic setaibh, a tri dibh a mamaib eca (leg. ecalsa, ed.) no (leg. ┐, ed.) ina dó eile ó feinib (finib, v. l.), Ir. Recht 6 , 7 § 7 , see ZCP xix 347. b.¤ táide lit. woman of a secret relation, i.e. in an irregular association with a man (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 99 , 100 ): baidsech cach be taide, no cach ben deirge lann (cf. . . . deiraig a lanamnus, v 456.22), Laws iv 58.26 Comm. merdrech [ut est] baitsech cach b.¤ táidhe (thaidhe, v.l.) `every secret woman', O'Dav. 306. b.¤ togu woman (with power) of choice (variously interpreted in Laws Comm.): be togai .i. togu an (leg. and ? ed.) imm a inchaib a ceile fa isint (leg. asint, ed.) seilb techtus di-rether .i. bancomarba lasmbi fer for bantindchur. be thoga .i. tic di co aos togai, na (leg. .i. or [atá] 'na, ed.) tagai, .i. im co fer theis fa in ngaba chaille . . . who has the choice as to whether she will be paid according to the status of her husband or according to her possessions . . . who is of an age to choose whether she will marry or take the veil, Ir. Recht 8 § 9.

Common in later poetry woman, maiden : rádha róchaoin bheóilín bhinn na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . is baoth don fhear do scar le béith bhig óig, xxxiv 1 . míle beith ghléigeal `a thousand fair ladies bright', Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . G., leannán béithe `beloved of women', O'Rah. 148.21. do screadadar béithe, 150.27 .

In nn. pr.: Fróech . . . mac side do B.¤ Find a sídib, TBFr. 2 (as b.¤ was orig. neut. the name Bé Finn > Bé Bind, later also Bé Ḟind). Bebinn ingen (sic leg.) Turgeis, Caithr. CC 27. is ed ainm dobered Midir dí B.¤ Ḟind (i.e. Étaín), TE² 180 § 10. B. Néit wife of Néit (a goddess of war): bē nē[i]t (.i. badb), Corm. Y 168. B.¤ nēid .i. Nēid nomen uiri. B.¤ eius Nemon, a ben, 181 . in b.¤ néit . . . .i. Enio, siur Mairt .i. dei in chatha, TTebe 3247 . co festais ca drem . . . din ro samaigfed in B.¤ níth-gubach Néit a neirt-bhríga, MR 242.1 . Aingene ainm ind fir ┐ Bee n-Aingeni ainm na mna, RC x 224 § 17. Be Chuille ┐ Dianand . . . na dí bantuathig, LL 1352. Bé Tuinde, Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). In n. loc. oidhre Leice Bébhionn Lickpevune (Co. Kerry), AFM v 1628.21 .

becht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. becht or dil.ie/5529
Last Revised: 2019

 

appar. archaic part. related to boingid, cf. 1 bocht. exact, precise, accurate; sure, certain: a mbantrocht b.¤ , RC xlvii 289.3 . ni breg, acht is b.¤ a fhad its duration (sc. of a period of supremacy) is exact, MacCarthy 314.23 . ni scél bréige, acht is scél b.¤ `a tale of truth', Cog. 80.12 . nech lasmad b.¤ who could feel certain about it, SR 4975. fir bic bechta (becta, MS.) real little men, MU² 404. is b.¤ nár fhéd a aithcheod (sic leg.) certain, SG 69.16 . mo bhetha bheacht, BNnÉ 278 § 262 . do thuairisc shuthain tug mar Bhrianach beacht a true O`Brien, Hackett xiv 6 . is beacht / tre fharmad tarla a thoigheacht `' tis certain', Magauran 3214 . is beacht go bhfuighe tú each `thou shalt surely get a horse', 873 . complete, entire: tech i-tá rí in Braga bricc / ris-na bí mo bara b.¤ ` unreserved ', Ériu vii 220.10 . gach crann ar bith b.¤ , SG 245.37 . ní beacht le dís a ndeaghail `their parting is not complete', Dán Dé xxv 12 .

Meaning in chevilles imprecise: cen baisi b.¤ , SR 2305. ba buaid b.¤ , 3157 . is b.¤ in bann, MacCarthy 314.15 . As adv. with co exactly, precisely; perfectly, assuredly, etc.: Bresal Bodibath co b.¤ / nói ṁbliadna ós hErind a nert, MacCarthy 192.13 ( LL 15105 ). rosbéar féin go beacht a breath / fa réim cheart `exactly', Magauran 2706 . meinic tuccsam sinn co b. / bail as nar doigh linn imthecht `with success', Cog. 64.21 . an ēxe atā let co b.¤ / as uaisle dhuit mo bennacht, ZCP viii 110.2 . Aengus is Fergus co b.¤ / ro gabsatar Domnall Brecc `expertly captured D.B.', MR 246.27 . a dhualgas do chóimhlíonadh go beacht `exact in the discharge of his duty', Donlevy xvii 5. do tarruingeadh í go ro-bheacht as an nGaoidheilg `too literally', xxii 25 .

Compd. ¤dáil: dofhuair gnai is bechtdāil go mblad, MacCarthy 310 § 4 . ¤glan: ainm bechtglan, ITS xxxv 94 § 11 .

éicse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicse or dil.ie/19729

 

n , f.

(1) divination, the faculty of divination; wisdom, the profession of a seer (cf. éicsiu): luid in mac do ḟoglaim écsi i nAlbain...corbo eolach i n-écsi. luid laa and... co mbúi for brú mara, ar bá baile fallsigthe éicsi do grés lasna filedu for brú usci...ro la bricht forsin tuind, coro ḟallsiged dó cid rombói, cotárfas dó, etc. RC xxvi 8 . ni thalla adar n-écsi (v.l. ollomnas)...i n-oenbale, uair forosnái th' eicsi duit it ollam ar eolas, ibid. co ndernui IIII flescca ibir ocus scrípuidh oghumm inntib, ocus foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi ocus triana oghumm, .i. E. do bith i sith B., IT i 129.23 . coll écsi a hazel of divination (?) Metr. Dinds. iii 286.24 . Cf. also: aisneis na heisce (= éicse ?), Anecd. v 23 , n. 1, 2 (cf. Auraic. 5244 - 6 ). Eochaid Rígéiges...robai F. oca chuired chucai do eicsi do `to make verse for him' (to perform divination for him?) Ériu viii 156.2 .

(2) revelation, lore, learning; esp. poetry, poetic composition; also the poetic art, poetic skill or faculty, the calling of a poet: ro theich in topur...tria chocur na céol-éicse, Metr. Dinds. iii 290.50 . is aisti rathmar...is eicsiu athlam...debidi imrind, IT iii 106 § 15 . oi issan éxi ainm ina cæirech `oi' is the word for sheep in poetry ZCP iii 245.30 . cia dán airbere? ar in rí. écse, ol sé what art dost thou practice? poetry LL 289a36 = RC xiii 442z . tuccais an éccsi nglain...ót mathair from thy mother thou hast inherited poetic faculty ZCP viii 109.27 . ar duthchus a mathar dodhechaidh re heiccsi took to the poetic profession 110.5 . an exe ata let co becht, 110.2 . ní dia eícsi do tha[i]dbsin doib, Ériu vii 4.27 ; 198.15 . ní bhaoi... aonmac gallócclaigh as mó do chendaigh dḟíon ┐ d'éiccsi iná an tÉ. sin, AFM v 1728.20 . tús anóra gér dual di | fa tuar ansógha in éigsi, O'Gr. Cat. 392.11 . gidh beag Ieam a ndéinim dhi | a nEirinn is fhearr mh'éigsi, Ir. Review 1913, 625 . níor fháguibh don éigsesi...tim ná cruaidh gan chuartoghadh, Studies 1923, 423 . daoire na n-éigseadh the dearness of the poems TD 11.34 . i n-aghaidh céille 's fírinne na sein-éigse, Content. xvi 138 .

(3) the poetic profession, the bardic order; poets: iar fírdligud na hecsi the custom of the poetic profession IT iii 23.25 . an éigse d'óighréir, TD 31.13 . do-nímis—éigse an taoibh thuaidh, molta we, the poets 3.3 . ceann na héigse is na saoithedh, O'Gr. Cat. 582.4 .

pn Personified: Eicsi ilgradhach inghen Dána, Anecd. ii 50.16 . Cf. áit ar thaispen an eicsi cenn do Lugh, Acall. 1941 .

fochairich eícsi (pl.), term for a species of poetic composition, IT iii 51 § 95 (see p. 113 ).

COMPD. éicsi-gel of pleasant verse: don ealtain éigsei-ghil, Ó Heódhusa, Ir. Monthly 1920, 651 .

goibne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. goibne or dil.ie/26300

 

n (gobae) , f. smith's craft : Brigit bē n-ēxe ... B. bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda, Corm. Y 150 = goibnechta LB. As pn epithet Eochu Goibne, Rawl. 155a55 .