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ad-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fen or dil.ie/438

Forms: ad-fenar, -aithenar, -aithidis, adfether, athfethar, adfither, aithid, aiti, aithe

v (* aith-fen-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 517 ). Indic. pres. pass. sg. ad-fenar, Laws i 256.6 . -aithenar, Sc.M² § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -aithidis, Wb. 21d11 . Fut. pass. sg. adfether, Wb. 20b7 . athfethar, Gael. 50, 140 ( Blathm. 977 ). adfither, Ériu i 68.17 . Later as simple vb. aithid. See also 2 aithnigid. Verbal of necess. aiti, IT iii 199.4 . Vn. aithe.

Repays, requites: digail .i. adfether do gl. portabit iudicium, Wb. 20b7 . asber . . . arandaithidisom di maith `he says . . . that they should requite it with good' 21d11 . aithgabail insin ad fenar fo fio ad fenar olcc anmuinib ad fenar maith muinib, Laws i 256.6 . mani atma flaith na fine nad innarbann, is aithgin ind. Ad-fenar, feib ro-n-erthar, ZCP xiv 382 § 46 (= Laws ii 308.20 ). ar asrenar fo-fia, ar is ó ulcc fo-fenar (adfenar, fofechar, MSS) olcc for evil is repaid by evil(?), ZCP xi 85 § 39 . nach urgais nad aitir co cend mbliadhna, O'D. 2233 (Nero A vii, 155-6). aither feich inbleogain air, O'Curry 766 ( H 3.18, 360b ). ? gin co haitaither, 506 ( H 3.18, 257 ). dianotecma slait / do bachla sdo chluic / fo déin cen ro aithe / na ro caithe a ccuit, KMMisc. 270.10 . nó go n-aithear m'adhbhar-sa till my grudge is settled, DDána 95.4 . ní aitheann i gcéadóir cion, 60.36 . ní hé gu maithfe tú an troighech / aithfe an crú sa soidech súd, IGT Decl. ex. 811 . m'olc féin is é do aithfeadh, Dán Dé vii 28 . Freq. in constr. ad-fen (aithid) x for y avenges x on y: ni haiti for neach . . . dia mbadh a n-inadh aco sin no digladh a fholaid, IT iii 199.4 . aithis in file fechair / a díbe ar a droich-ṡethair, Metr. Dinds. iii 56.37 . aithfimídne fort sa 'na ndeine d'éccoir forainn, BNnÉ 6.30 . cech ní dorigne-sim . . . fris in slaníccid do haithed fair, LB 142b41 . aithid air bar n-esanóir `revenge on him your insults,' MR 218.8 . co ro aithedh ┐ co ro dioghladh a ainninne for aroile, AFM v 1360.24 . do aith orainn ar n-ábhocht, Magauran 4200 . Cf. da n-aithea ferg Dé foraib, PH 2948 .

ar-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-fen or dil.ie/4107

v (*ar-fen-) erects a fence before: arros-fí de chrí `he had fenced them in with clay', Ériu xviii 10 § 1 . ? daer cach dichell ar-fenar innd chun dithma (sic leg.?), Laws ii 124.1 (cf. arfeadhur in dicinn dithma, 16.20 , 18.1 ). Fig. excludes, debars: ar-fenat anfolaid flatha fuillima the disqualifications of the chief exclude (the payment of) interest, ZCP xiv 387 § 52 ( Laws ii 322 ) = arfenat anfolta flatha fuillemh .i. iterdibat a drochfolta imon flaith, O'Dav. 952 . arfen fiadhna co foltaib, 943 . arafenar .i. o cinntear no urfaemar, ut est arfen dire necalsa, O'Curry 1383 (H 3.18, 629a). ? mad deistinaib athar aon dan ara fen fergnima .i. mad ed do claind nama doruaraid ann ingen aurfaomaidsi gnīma a fir, O'Mulc. 327 , see Ériu xii 217 .

Vn. of 1 airbe.

fén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fén or dil.ie/21598

Forms: fén, feóin, féin

n o, m.

(a) a waggon, cart, conveyance of some kind: fén (gl. plaustrum) Sg. 21a4 . á .i. fēn no carr no carpat, Corm. Y 70 . f.¤ .i. carr no cairt, O'Cl. fén gac[h] feiretrom, Metr. Gl. 15 . is cumma no cinged ... ┐ nochessed f.¤ dar crínach BDD 41 . is fen for mentae .i. morchumus for becpersain a wain on small birds (?) O'Mulc. 752 . co tucsat hi f.¤ ind arc, SR 5457 ( 1 Reg. vi ). dā dam allaid ... co fhen etarru ┐ in corp and, Trip. 486.23 . g s. aire feóin a wain-load TBC-LL¹ 2092. 2240 . pl. féin (feoin v.l.), CCath. 1796 (= plaustra Luc. Phars. iii 451 ). feoin ... do innell fó na longaibh, 1402 . ic fogluasacht na fén , 1818 . aire coícat fén , LU 6005 . tarthúd úire for fénaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 194.7 . tenmnedach na damraide fana fenaib, LL 304a46 ( Bor. 106 ).

(b) in follg. exx. fén seems to denote some part of a chariot or its appurtenances : ro suidiged in carpat sin for dá n-echaib ... fo grinnib áillib a ḟén , LU 6489 . carpat ... for dib echaib ... ma grindib āllib a ḟēn , TBC-I¹ 2334 ; aen = a [ḟ]ēn, 2557 .

See fénae.

? fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? fen or dil.ie/21599
Last Revised: 2013

n bog (?): ain .i. tréide dénadh ainm .i. taulach, ┐ fén, ┐ mullach .l. ' a.: three things, which have that name, that is a hill, bog (?) and a summit …', CIH ii 620.37 , Sprache xl 226 .

fo-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-fen or dil.ie/22674

Forms: fofia, fo-fenar

v gets back an equivalent, recovers (expenditure) (?) : 3 s. fut. and pass. pres. ar asrenar fofia, ar is ó ulcc fo-fenar [adfenar, fofechar MSS.] olcc for whatever is paid out he will get back, for evil is got back from (repaid by) evil (?) ZCP xi 85 § 39 (cf. Hermathena 19. 93 - 4 ). toing do Dia fond-ḟiadsa [leg. fond-ḟia so, Thurn.] timtirechta ┐ bessu ┐ huide ┐ gnimu aitire hi taig frimsa swear that thou wilt fulfil. carry out (?) Bürgschaft p. 22 § 65a .

for-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-fen or dil.ie/23605
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: forfiun, forfen, farfia, forfiat, forthui, -chui, forruchui, fororba, forfenar, -forbanar, burorbaither, forcuad, farrochuad, foirbthe, forbe, forba, forb-, forbait, forban-

(* fen-, BBCS xxvi 447 ) O.Ir. forms: ind. pres. 1 s. forfiun (gl. anclo = perficio) Sg. 143a4 . 3 s. forfen Ml. 64c2 . pres. subj. 3 s. co farfia (gl. ut ... impleat) 55c16 . 3 pl. forfiat, 23a19 (gl. explicare). pret. 3 s. (with perfective -com-) forthui (leg. -chui) 33a18 . forruchui 121c24 (gl. conficit). Later fororba, Trip.² 355 (34.17) . Pass. pres. s. forfenar, Tur. 45 . -forbanar, Wb. 14d27 . Sg. 148a11 . (perfective) ho burorbaither , Ml. 15a6 (see GOI 379 ; Pedersen Vgl. Gr., l.c. ). perf. s. (with -com-) forcuad Tur. 49 . farrochuad (gl. confecta est), Enchir. Aug. 67b . part. 1 forbaide q.v.; as adj. foirbthe. vn. forbe, forba (later also forbad). Later treated as simple vb., stem forb- (3 pl. pr. forbait, Tec. Corm. xvi 86 ), occas. forban-.

(a) finishes, completes, brings to an end: gl. conficere, consummare, perficere. biid intinnscann ... and ┐ ní forbanar, Sg. 148a11 . forcuad [ó Christ] in gním tindarscain Iohain, Tur. 49 . in crut[h] forcuad crochad Crist, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 12 § 2 . o fororbaí P. a immram (= consummato navigio) Trip. 34.17 (355) . ro fhorbustar tra G. a martra i n-ocht Kalaind Mái, PH 1438 . indiu ... ro forbsatar ... a cath, 1919 . o ro forb ... Achil in ngním-sa, TTr.² 1199 (= ro forp, LL 406b6 ). ríasíu no forbaitáis ... brath na cathrach, TTr.² 1784 . caín cing fororba a ré ended his days LL 132a36 . ... roforbai a bethaid ó gasti = qui sibi laqueo vitam extorsit Lat. Lives 91 . is annsin ... ro forbhanadh an la aca, BNnÉ 24 § 7 . fororbaide laithi inna caínti (= consumpti sunt) Trip.² 1163 . ro thinnscain ... in Félire ann sin ... i Tamlachtain immorro ro forbad, Fél. 10.9 . as les ro tionnscnadh teampal tobair P. ┐ roforbaidh, AFM iii 218.6 . In pass., ends, terminates: cia son in nach forbaider focol ? what sound is it in which no word ends ? Auraic. 253 . ni a nguthagoiph forpaigter they do not end in a vowel-sound 3007 . Intrans.: is i ndialt forbanus duan, BB 297b24 (= forcenda, IT iii 11 § 15 ). a recomarc forbanait, BB 297a47 (= forcennat, IT iii 9 § 10 ).

(b) fulfils, achieves (a duty, task, etc.): suthain cach flaith lasa forbaithear fír, ACL iii 230.146 . ba tria gaisced ... co forbeth a [ḟ]laith fuiltiugh `his ... rule was achieved' Fianaig. 30.12 . fell ḟinghal ná forbat sum orm-sa, MR 304.22 . ? ro orbsat in da Aed a n-imbualad, 244.6 , cf. debaid ro orbsadar de, 246 [ = roḟobairset, -sedar ?]

(c) puts an end to, uses up, destroys (but the following may belong rather to for-ben: ro forbad a fōir is rotoglad Babiloin its garrison was destroyed ZCP iii 19.8 ( Rawl. 74b25 ). L. is C. ... díb ra forbad Flathbertach, LL 130a46 .

imm-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-fen or dil.ie/27840
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: imfen, n-imcua, imcoir, nímcuaad, immafeithe, imbide, imbithe, imbe

v indic. pres. s. 3 imfen, Laws iv 68.20 . subj. pres. s. 3 ínpia (leg. imb-fia), Laws iv 126.4 , Language xxiii 425 . (with perf. com) co n-imcua , Laws iv 128.4 . pass. s. nad imcoir , Ériu ix 41.36 . pl. 3 co nímcuaad , Laws iv 128.6 . subj. past s. pass. immafeithe, Ml. 110a7 . Part. imbide gl. septo, Ml. 112b17 . imbithe gl. circumseptus, 128a9 . Vn. imbe.

hedges round, fences, encloses, guards: immafeithe gl. quod sepiri consuerat, Ml. 110a7 . imfen cach dib fri araile `each fences against the other,' Laws iv 68.20 . imfean cechtar in da comarba ogh n-ime each of the two coarbs erects a complete fence, 128.7 . imfean cach bes siu ┐ anall, 138.17 . gaibead imme co n-imcua `let him be distrained until he fences,' iv 128.4 . gaibtear a fine comogais do co nímcuaad eire `until they make the fence for him,' 128.6 . cadiat smachta ime ┐ comaicesa ? ... dairt cacha treisi nad imcoir raind [d]e ro seola[d] fair `what are the fines incurred in fencing and co-tenancy ? ... a heifer for every three days during which he shall not have fenced the portion of it which was enjoined on him,' Ériu ix 41.36 (= Laws iv 72.3 ). im tobach nairde comathchesa .i. dairt cacha .iii. (treisi) nad imcoir raind [d]e; ar is nesam toiscide in ime dia ditin ar fogail `a heifer for every three days during which he shall not have fenced (his) portion of it; for the fence is a matter of the highest necessity to protect against trespass,' 42.19 (= Laws i 174.2 Comm. ).

The meaning defends, guards , comes easily from that of fencing, enclosing: imfen .i. coimét no imain ... imfen eochu ala fir, .i. comét no imanaigh na heochu do[n] dara fir, O'Dav. 1105.