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caithchid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caithchid or dil.ie/7989

Forms: caithid

n i, m. (1 cathach ?). Also caithid. Legal in phr. c.¤ críche(e) appar. warden of the marches, defender of border territories : in caithi[d] criche, is i a dethbir frisin airi echta: a tir a medon bis in t-aire e., a ccoicrich . . . bis in caithi[d] doghres, Laws v 244.14 , 15. Comm. Cf. ii 152.22 . direnar lan dire do fennid ┐ c.¤ crich, v 418.13 . eneclann do'n n[ḟ]enid ┐ don caichthi[d], 22 Comm. in caithe crich, duine eside(c) bis ar caei foicheda ar conair fuachtina lochta na crichi, ┐ nocha tic sé a medon na crichi . . . .i. sin fri hor na crichi . . . bís sé, ┐ cuma imtiges sé re soirche ┐ doirchi, O'D. 1575 (H 5.15, 6a). caiche crich .i. ansruth bis oc dighail greisi a coiccrich, O'Curry 95 ( H 3.18, 67 ).

caithem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caithem or dil.ie/7993
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: caithim, caithed, caithte, caithim, caitheamh, c., caithim

n ā, f. Also m. n s. also caithim, caithed. g s. caithte, A. Ó Dálaigh xvi l . caithim f., IGT Decl. § 150 . caitheamh m., § 101 . Vn. of 1 caithid. c.¤ , caithim, IGT Verbs § 72 . In sense (d): caitheachtain, Bard. Synt. Tr. 14.y .

(a) act of spending, consuming, using up. Of eating, drinking: ní fogní leisim a cathim na ráod sin, Mon. Tall. 13 . do chaithim feolae, 51 . oénfer do cathim a satha día [ḟ]eóil, LU 3451 ( SCC 23 ). do chathim mo bíd, TBC-LL¹ 1042 . ní do thorad in chroind sin do ch.¤ , MacCarthy 52.14 . co nar leicc c.¤ na cumsanad doib `eat or rest', Ann. Conn. 1270.5 . tuir-bhiadh ┐ táir-dheoch do lucht a gcaithmhe, TSh. 8316 . corp Christ . . . ica caithimh, Grail 1851 . caitheamh an chuirp, Dán Dé xviii 3 . iar caithem feoir (of cattle), Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . Of territory enjoying fruits of; laying waste, pillaging: a caitium ┐ a cosnum to spend and defend it (of territory), ZCP xiii 181.y . in ti coimetas a tir cen c.¤ , Laws iii 50.12 Comm. atáid h-eascaraid ag caitheadh do chríche pillaging, ML 52.7 . baí an t-iarla ag caithemh, ┐ acc cuartucchadh na Mumhan `spending and subjugating', AFM vi 2082.13 . fuair tú a cáineadh 's a caithimh (: an-fhlaithibh) `slandered and wasted' (of Ireland), A. Ó Dálaigh liii 12 . morsluaigedh . . . la ríg nErenn i Muigh Birra oc caithem Urmuman `consuming', RC xviii 42.8 .

Of spending, enjoying length of time, life, reign, feast etc.: tíachtain . . . do chathim fessi Temrach, LU 4209 . atbath . . . íar cathim do cethri .u. mbliadna, 10080 . dochúaidh do chaithemh na betha suthaine, Ériu v 98.21 . i dtigh Dé ní dheachaidh fear / ag caitheamh na gcúig n-aimsear, Aithd. D. 98.4 (leg. i gc.¤ ?). 's í ar gcaitheamh a céadaoise, Dán Dé v 28 . Hence act of enjoying: nī cair in domuin cathim `she loved not to enjoy the world', Thes. ii 328.2 ( Hy. v 8 ). a cumus ┐ a c.¤ (of wealth etc.), ZCP vi 54.18 . ag c.¤ toraid na hespocoiti enjoying the benefits of the see, Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . ní ceart do chaithiomh (of the body) `to pamper thee', Aithd. D. 79.1 . Cf. dorat Colam cille cuairt ┐ c.¤ a manach ┐ a oglach [do Chaillín] `fees and entertainment', Fen. 164.20 . toiscidi .i. caithemh, Ériu xiii 55 § 29 .

In other contexts: da c.¤ fo cétoir `for immediate use', Laws i 80.15 Comm. in aimsir a caithme (of turf), 132.9 Comm. c.¤ dligid egalsa co hindligthech spending the church dues, v 122.17 Comm. robo imda claideam iar caithim corice a dornchor on imbualad worn, LL 408b2 ( TTr. 2232 ). co tairnic airm Ḟind do chaithim `till he had used up', Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). a tuarastal . . . do caithium, Cog. 156.24 . ar chaithimh (ccaithim v.l.) a chruidh, IGT Verbs ex. 651 . an lóchrann lasas go mear / is dó as chomhghoire caitheamh, Content. xxiii 10 n. d'éis cáich do chaithiomh a rosc, LBranach 1553 `having spent all their tears', Gloss. creideamh mar is cóir do chaitheamh practice, DDána 14.2 . an corp do chaithimh (: aithir) subdue, 10.15 .

With follg. prep. FRI: biadh ... do chathum ria liaigh 'to provide food for his physician', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do chaitheamh a g-coimhfheirge re C. `expend', MR 272.2 . ō thairnic d'Fer lí a c[h]laidim do chaithim re cend ┐ re colainn in rí[g]fēnnid `worn out', Fianaig. 96.7 . a nert do caithemh riú, TBC St. 3852 . cam do chaitheam re chóir to meet justice with injustice, ML 102.13 .

Note also with prep. AR: caitheamh ar fheolmhach ┐ iascach took to, Keat. ii 4109 .

(b) In phrases. téid c.¤ for (i n-) x x is consumed, used up: im laithibh do-chuaidh caithimh (: héanlaithibh), DDána 6.35 . ní caitheamh do-chóidh 'n-a tréan (: maitheadh), 11.13 . ní théid caitheamh . . . ar phianaibh ifrinn, TSh. 6574 . Cf. tucatar c.¤ ar a cráisechaib they used their spears, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.23 . c.¤ aimsire pastime: a hollamh / caitheamh aimsire a sluagh, DDána 73.9 . air na sgribad le R.T. dochum caithiomh aimsire do fein, Flower Cat. 336.31 . na cluicheadha nó an caitheamh aimsire, TSh. 4161 . ced . . . caithmhe aimsire, RSClára 117a . Attrib. g s. coinnle caithmhe Dé na ndúl (of sun and moon) `household torches', Dán Dé xxvii 10 . an chuid chaithmhe, Measgra D. 67.12 `the food about to be eaten', Gloss. teach caithimh gach fhir othair (of the cross), Aithd. D. 88.22 . dá toigh chaithmhe (of generous patron), DDána 103.3 . árus caithmhe ┐ comhnuidhe ann, Ériu v 90.23 . fearann caithmhe clóidim do mo chathaibh won by my sword in battle(?), ML 104.8 . inad caithmi in gach tuaith tréin `the place of the banquet', Hy Fiach. 278.y . istad caithme conaich, Grail 3286 . Adv. phrase: cen nach cathim without delay(?), SR 2195 .

In cheville: fa céim caithme (of Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 282.7 .

(c) liberality, generosity : fiadna caithme is clú O cCuinn `the witnesses of the munificence and fame', MS. Mat. 563.3 . méad a chaithmhe, Aithd. D. 10.6 . go mbí an rath i mbun caithmhe (proverb), O'R. Poems 1204 = gnáth rath re cois an chaithimh, DDána 102.4 . cen chathim cen tidnacul, LL 24794 . Of food: oc airmbertad in chaithme, Alex. 706 = caigte, BB 494b37 . cnuas na habhla . . . / damhna caithmhe don chéad ló `meant at first to be our food', Dán Dé xxviii 41 .

(d) act of casting, shooting missile : cuing caithfe na crann g[ ], LL 394.50 . cás a caithte (of a dart), DDána 78.10 . a naidhme caithme ┐ cosanta `projectile and defensive weapons', AFM vi 2270.5 . Also with gen. of object of attack: ro gab aga ccaithemh he set to pelting them, TBC St. 3934 . Maghnus . . . do dhul do chaithed ṡlúaig Ghall an oidhche sin, ALC ii 246.15 . cóicc gonna . . . dia caitheamh gan choiccill `to play upon it' (i.e. a castle), AFM v 1732.12 . ac c.¤ . . . aroile firing at one another, 1572.1 . Note also: ag drud re caithimh a chéile to harass one another, DDána 110.19 . iatt araon ag caithemh i naghaidh aroile im thighearnas na tíre `at strife . . . concerning . . .', AFM v 1830.6 .

cenntarach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenntarach or dil.ie/8681

Forms: centarchu, centarcha

adj o, ā (cenntar) on this side, near : a tír centarach no immechtrach gl. citer ager, Sg. 39b12 . gl. citra, 39a18 . centarach .i. frie deṡiu gl. citraque, 71b2 . iar tiachtain in tire centaraig, Dinds. 59 . isin bruach c.¤ de, LB 159a31 . ríg fénnid Hērenn ┐ Alban . . . ┐ Lochlann ┐ na n-ailēn cendtarach the nearer isles, Fianaig. 84.23 . in domun centurach this world, Corm. Y 1224 (106.1) . in domuin chentar gl. bethad cé, Thes. ii 332.3 (centarach, v.l.). Compar. centarchu gl. citerior, Sg. 39a19 , 72b3 . As subst. centarcha gl. citima (Persidis), BCr. 36a4 .

dligid,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dligid, or dil.ie/17037
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dlegair, rodlecht, dligid

v On the forms see Bergin, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 183 ff . IGT Verbs § 35 . Cf. also § 18 and also Peritia ix 122 .

In O.Ir. the general meaning is

(a) is entitled to, has a right to, is owed (as a debt), passing into the kindred sense

(b) deserves, merits .

The construction is: dligim x do y I am entitled to x (thing) from y (person); y owes me x; I deserve x from y ; the corresponding pass. being: dlegair x do y x is due from y. With Lat. dative (hence Ir. DO): dlegair discipulis orare, Wb. 26a32 . In Mid. Ir. DO was confused with and ultimately supplanted by DE, the prep. being felt rather as = Lat. de, cf. Thes. ii 347.41 : amal rodlecht de misero as (much as) was due from a poor fellow.

(a) With DO: dligim ní duit I have a claim on you (refers to quod . . . mihi debes), Wb. 32a20 . ní asriad do feichemain rodligestar ní do who had a claim upon him, Ml. 36a29 . meni dlessad fhíachu do neoch unless some one . . . owed him debts, TBC-LL¹ 2988 . lind rodlecht rí Lagen do ríg Ua C. ale to which the king of L. was entitled from the king of Uí C., Thes. ii 347.34 . Without prep. : dligsius Feradach F. possessed it as a right (obj. `bith'), Rawl. 116c20 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 7 ). síl . . . notlessad ríge forn `that would have a right to reign over us', Fél. 132.30 . iss mé dliges fiachu, BDD 70 . gébat-sa a tech issin ní nondligim I will take the house in requital of what is due to me, 73 . ní dlig laech a enecland dia mbé i n-ecmais a arm no warrior is entitled to honour-price, TBC-I¹ 1671 . a curathmír do Loegairiu uair iss é nondlig, FB 14 . ni dligthi comardad fris you have no right to put yourselves on a level with him, 41 . in rí ac ná bia sin uile | ni dlig āirim rigraide, ACL iii 223.26 . merendo pretium stupri .i. dligid si fiach a saothair (explanation of `merdrech'), Corm. Y 140 . bargen trichat ungae . . . dlegait in bráthair im nóin, Ériu iii 102 . ni dlig demun dilgud, Laws i 8.23 . magh bec as na dlig giall out of which he is not entitled to a hostage, 82.10 Comm. indlighid don fechemuin . . . troscad . . . um ní nar dligustar, 88.22 Comm. dlegait beich iii bliadan suire bees are entitled to three years exemption, iv 164 . cidh urrunnus nodleisead int athair don coibche whatever share of the nuptial present the father might be entitled to, 60.24 Comm. dleaghaid Muscraidi trian cach turchairthe dochuirfead tond hi tir, Lec. 126b36 . dleaghaid aigidh a riar guests are entitled to attention, Hy Fiach. 40 . dodligh Ua C. an marbadh ísin i ndioghal mharbhtha a dearbhrathar O'C. had a right to slay (him), AFM v 1770 .

Folld. by dependent clause: di mnai . . . dlegtae a mbreith for otrus who are entitled to sick-maintenance, Ériu xii 30 § 37 . dligim a lethid sud do rada `I have a right to say such a thing', RC xix 144 . ni dleagaid a ngabail a fhiadnaisi they are not entitled to be accepted as evidence, YBL 142a52 . dlegait flaithe fonuaslaicter a ngella chiefs are entitled to the redemption of their pledges, Laws iii 24 .

With pers. obj.: ail dún descin ríg nondlig the king who has a claim on us (i.e. whom we serve), Metr. Dinds. ii 36 .

Absol.: sech gach baili a ndligim every stead in which I have rights (?), ZCP xii 387 .

Folld. by DE: dligim dít-su .i. marbad mo chomcheili I have a claim on thee, namely, for the slaying of my comrade, RC iii 184 ( LL 122a46 ). atat ar commáine fair . . . dlegmait de ar foirithin we are entitled to help from him, Hib. Min. p. 65 . millsen dliges rī Caisil dib, Corm. Y 140 . nach forbech dliges rí Locha Léin de Chorco Tri, ZCP viii 316 . corr in bass do-dligis dind shapely the hand which we owe Thee (of the hand of Christ), ACL iii 243 § 23 . an rí is damhna an rígh arís | dá mharbhnaidh dím do dhleisdis, Book of O'Conor Don 260a27 . má dhligheann tú éinní dhe, Philemon 18 . Cf. also Luke vii 41 , xvi 5 , where the prep. used is probably de.

Folld. by ó: (of a wound) ni dligh focruic leada on fir fodadfich is not entiled to (i.e. does not give the injured party a right to) payment of the leech from the man who inflicts it, Ériu xii 16 § 19 . croidhe eile dhlighim uaidh, | an croidhe-si uaim do bhris, Dánta Gr. 50.3 .

(b) deserves, merits: ni dlig digail he does not deserve punishment, Wb. 4c23 . ni dligi bennachtain, Goid. 180 . dligid ecna airmitin, Tec. Corm. § 15 . dlegat péin ┐ damain forru, PH 4076 . dlegat onoir ┐ oirmitiu mor (leg. oirmitin móir?) doib (where doib refers to subj. of verb), 1505 . dlegait tríst ar techt ó Chríst (men) deserve a curse when they depart from Christ, Metr. Dinds. iii 12 . ni radligiusa diultud frim i Temraich, LL 51b9 . nach tuc as acht drong do dligh he brought out only those who deserved it, Ériu iv 118 . ón dammain dliges tria chomchétfaid n-imarbais, RC xxv 242 . ernifes do chách amal dlé, 248 . is mo . . . m'indirgi inas mar dligim logad (= quam ut veniam merear, Gen. iv 13 ), Lec. 531a31 . dlighidh gach maith a luaighidheacht, TSh. 4875 . Folld. by DE: ni holc rodlecht dím do ben no evil hath thy wife deserved of me, Metr. Dinds. iii 388 . By ó: ni dlegait fiach o Dia o nach do doniat saethar they deserve (earn) no recompense from God, ZCP iv 389 . do dhlighis achmusán uaim, KMMisc. 346 .

II Pass. dlegair x do y

(a) x is due from y; y owes x, (b) x is required of, is incumbent on y (where x generally a vn. or clause). In O.Ir. the construction is felt to be personal, as is shown by the use of pl. form; later it comes to be impers., esp. in cases of type (b).

(a) ní dlegar ní duib gl. nemini quicquam debeatis, Wb. 6a24 . manud dlegar ni do gl. si aliquid . . . debet, 32a18 . dlegtir féich dúib you owe debts, 4a10 . cia no-dlestá miach óir do cech ḟir díb though each man of them should owe a bushel of gold, TFerbe 31 .

With DE: ni dlegar cimbid dim c[h]iniul a captive is not due from my tribe, TBC-I¹ 2142 = dom, TBC-LL¹ 1579 . imin mbiadh a ndlesta in cumul de for which the c. would be due from him, Laws ii 268 Comm. Absol.: i ndlegur no na dlegur in cin whether the debt is due or not, Laws ii 52 Comm.

(b) dlegar dom I am bound to, ought to; absol. it is due, right, necessary: dlegair domsa precept do cách gl. debitor sum, Wb. 1b8 . dlegair do comalnad ind huili rechto gl. debitor est universae legis faciendae, 20a12 . dlegair doib ministrare gl. debent m., 7a8 ; 13a17 . dlegair do neuch attlugud buide do Dia gl. debiti est, Ml. 55a7 . a coic cach lae d'fhiss . . . dlegair do cach intliuchtach, SR 262 . ised dlegur don aite in marcuigucht do munadh dho, Laws ii 156 Comm. ised dlegair don rig cuindrech cáich, PH 4099 . mar dlegar don cleir in chuing, Hy Fiach. 240 . go ndleaghair dhúinn bheith i n-oirchill ar an éag, TSh. 886 . With depend. clause: dlegair do flaithaib donimairget cach dib it is incumbent on princes to levy, Laws iii 20 . dlegar don rig nach derna fell, YBL 168a15 . Absol.: ni dlegar accubur inna ndrochgnimae, Ml. 90d11 . dlegair ón condib inducbal do Dia aní as inducbal dia muntair, 90b13 . dlegtair samaisci móra bale na bít tairb heifers must needs be big where there are no bulls, IT i 72 . nico dlegar tuaslucud for feoil there should be no relaxation as regards meat, Mon. Tall. § 51 . dia peccaige i nDia dleghar a chlochad, PH 2749 . do foillsiugud in neich dlegair do dénum hi tempul Dé, 4533 . ni dligther snámh a mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce a comhfochruibe there is no obligation to teach, Laws ii 156 Comm. ní dlegar coindmed do dénum . . . forru, BColm. 64 . ní dleaghair cion staire do thabhairt ar a scríbhinn, Keat. i 56 . dleagur an fual do toghairm isna tedmannaibh so, 23 P 10, 29a33 . Perf. (esp. in chevilles): feib rodlecht as was due, SR 1301 . fuair a aidid, mar rodlecht, Metr. Dinds. iii 6 . ruc uan degrand mar rodlecht, LL 153b15 . iar n-imarbus doib nir dlecht, Lec. 533a32 .

Folld. by DE: dlegair duin (nó dín) dul do'n glan-rúin, PH 5216 . mna delbda . . . a ndermat ni dlegar dím, LL 137a12 . ni dlegur de a foirithin he is not bound to give him relief, Laws ii 58 . airlisi . . . ni dleghar de dire `is not entitled (amenable?) to a fine', 70.25 (III (c) ?). dlegair de a crod uile do breith ind it is required of him to bring, iv 20 Comm. cach comaithech asa tir dotroich, dlegar de a glanad, Corm. Y 1082 . ni dlegar dím acht oen-ailgis isind lo sa I am not bound to grant more than one request, RC iii 179 . dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6869 . is ed dlegar dib-sium co rocharut he-sium, 4098 . do chinn tslōighidh nāch dlecht diobh to which they were not bound, ZCP viii 116 (dlecht?). ni dlegar dim gāi do rād, Lec. 84b15 . malairt do dligheadh dínne the exchange I should have made, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 3 . ní dleaghair díom scéala do thabhairt duit-se, Keat. ii 6347 . a mharbhnadh ní díom dlíghear | ním ollamh re oirfideadh, Ó Bruad. ii 150 .

With AR, ó: dlegar ar in dar[a] fer ni dlegar on alaile it is required of, Laws ii 272.22 Comm. In follg. cases there is an ellipse: erlam grind [is] manach min . . . combrugaid is deorad De | uadaib dlegar apdaine it is from these that the office of abbot should be filled, ZCP xii 385 = gabthar, Wortk. 212 ; cf. ZCP ix 470.7 . is o Muscraidi dlegar ollam i Caisel dogres, Lec. 126b41 .

III In Mid. Ir. dligid is often used in act. voice in sense ought, is bound to, owes , a meaning developed from above use of passive, but which is implicit in some cases (esp. in neg. sentences) which strictly belong to I: ní dlig comraind curadmír the champion's bit is not entitled to division (i.e. should not be divided), FB 68 . trí dorchae ná dlegat mná do imthecht into which women have no right to go, Triads 100 . dligid óg eladha it is the part of a young man (to acquire) learning, ZCP vi 261 . hiteat sin lín dath dligius cach cochull oiffrind ann, LB 108a62 .

(a) Of moral or legal obligation ought, is bound to, must; in late texts the condit. is often used of moral obligation (cf. Fr. il devrait): an t-ollamh cuinghes gach ní . . . dligidh a bhrondadh amhail chuinghes, ZCP viii 109 § 3 . ni dlig ollamh ainbfeile, § 2 . cecha marbt[h]ar diobh . . . dlighid a íoc rí Temrach the king of T. is bound to pay for him, 116 . dligid na righ . . . besa . . . do mhūna da gclannuibh, Ériu v 132 . dlighidh seanchaid seneolus na n-airdrigh d'aisneis, MR 96 . dligid eascob oirned crismad coisercad, Lec. 341a49 . dligid in fili gorob feallsam the f. ought to be a philosopher, 313a25 . ní sinne dlighus Eireannaigh do chabair, CF 241 . dlighidh eól ar uile chumhachtuibh connsuineadh he should have knowledge of, IGT Introd. 2 . ós ann dhlighim biad (bead, MSS.) dod réir since it is my duty, I will obey you, Content. xiv 5 . gurab eadh do dhlighfidís smuaineadh, TSh. 153 . go ndligheann sé a choguas do bheith glan aige he ought to have a clear conscience, Eochairsg. 36 . níor dhlighis mo dhíon you were not bound to protect me, A. Ó Dálaigh xxvii 8 . gan rún bréige . . . do dlighfeadh triath Banbha breagh ought to be without, Book of O'Conor Don 255bz . Of logical necessity: laidaightur an teas nádúrdha acu . . . dá réir sin dlighid bheth meta consequently they are necessarily timid (of inhabitants of hot countries), 24 P 3, 172.14 . ca dobheir gach uili allus ar bíth co ndlighenn sé blais sailti do bheth air why must all perspiration have a salty taste, 173.24 .

(b) Impers. construction: is aire sin nach dlig a lecud ass it is not right to release him, PH 2817 . da marbad De gin cor dlig though it was not right, ACL iii 245 . Breaga ┐ Cuailgne . . . ni dlig a ndearmad, Lec. 356b8 . cūisi eile rothógbattur ar aird as a ndleisiod a mharbhadh for which he ought to be killed, TFrag. 170 . is maith do dlisfidh a n-ulc do denam, uair is adbul a n-ecoiri it would be quite right to do them injury, TTebe 2628 v.l. (amae dlestis, text).

(c) Owes, with DO of creditor: dligid cech rí réil | ēric Nēill ón Nás every king of N. owes Niall's eric, KMMisc. 272 . cert cech ríg . . . do chlannaib Neill . . . acht triar ni (ná, v.l.) dlig cert, 260 . dlestis sin onoir ndeolaid duit they would owe thee, Fen. 358 . an gradh do dhlighmíd d'ar gcomharsain, Donlevy 80 . Similarly in pass., O.Ir. dlegar x do y x is due from (owed by) y coming to mean x is due to y: im cert cach fenneda .i. cach set dlegar don fennid , Laws i 206 . dlegar d'Ultaib (dlegait Ulaid, LL) tabach gēill it is the right of the Ulstermen to levy, KMMisc. 272 . dlegair do lind locha Léin | athchomarc, Metr. Dinds. iii 260 . dleaghair do shluagh shíol Luighdheach | sreathnughadh cath sluagh Muimhneach, Keat. iii 3074 (poem). Rarely with DE: nach airlisi . . . ni dleghar de dire `every "arlis"-enclosure . . . is not entitled to a fine' (?), Laws ii 70 (II (b) ?). ag seo in glacc-sa a nguin do glaicci, | a maic De, mar dlegar dit as is due to Thee, ACL iii 243 § 24 (construction due to rhyme with ícc?).

do-ecmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-ecmaing or dil.ie/17523

Forms: do-nd-ecmaing, do-n-ecmaiṅg, tecmaiṅg, tecming, décmaing, tecmoing, doecmungat, thecmoṅgat, tecmainged, do-n-ecmai, do-t-eccme, do-ecma, do-m-ecma, nach-an-tecma, tecmai, tecma, dosnecmaither, doecmoised, do-nd-ecmised, thecmaised, tecmoncuir, teccomnocuir, to-nd-echomnuchuir, do-m-chaomnacuir, doecomnacair, do-coemnacair, teccomnacuir, docoemnacair, tegmocair, tecmongur, dorecmacht, dorecmaiṅg, forecmaing, barecmaing, rotecmaing, dorecmaingetar, doeccaim, doeccaimh, doecaiph, teccaim, fristegaim, teaguimh, tecmaid, teagmhuidh, nothecmad, tecmaitis, tecmadh, tegmad, dorécaim, doreccaim, doreagaim, barrecaim, barrecaib, arrecaim, tecēma, tegéma, teigeomha, do-ecmaic, doecmaic, da-ecmaic, do-nn-ecmaic, tecmaicc, tecmaicid, doecmaittsium, tecmang, tecmáil, d-an-ecmaing, tecmongar

v (* to-in-com-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 555 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. do-nd-ecmaing, Ml. 54a7 . do-n-ecmaiṅg, Sg. 40a16 . tecmaiṅg, 9a11 , 29a1 . tecming, 161a1 . décmaing, LL 291b3 . tecmoing, AFM ii 596 , etc. 3 pl. doecmungat, Ml. 63c8 . thecmoṅgat, Sg. 2a10 . Impf. 3 s. tecmainged, Mon. Tall. 129.19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do-n-ecmai, Mon. Tall. 146.19 . do-t-eccme, 160.10 . do-ecma, Laws iii 252 , ii 114 . cid do-m-ecma , IT iii 63 § 129 . nach-an-tecma, Fél. Jan. 10 . dia tecmai , Laws v 372 . dia tecma , v 166 , etc. ? dosnecmaither, O'Curry 2006 ( H 4.22 32 ). Impf. 3 s. doecmoised, Wb. 5d26 . do-nd-ecmised, Mon. Tall. 143.6 . thecmaised, 133 . Pret. 3 s. (depon.) tecmoncuir, Mon. Tall. 153.19 . teccomnocuir, Wb. 10a4 . to-nd-echomnuchuir (ch = cc), Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247 ). do-m-chaomnacuir, Mon. Tall. 144 . doecomnacair, Trip. 390 . do-coemnacair, BDD 157 . teccomnacuir, Corm. Y 1018 = docoemnacair, Laud 610 . tegmocair, ZCP xiii 262.13 . Pass. pres. s. tecmongur, Mon. Tall. 162.11 . ?pret. s. dorecmacht, LL 273b5 .

Secondary formations. From pres. stem, pret. 3 s. dorecmaiṅg, TBC-LL¹ 2025 , cf. 1292 and Lism. L. 135 ; forecmaing, ib. barecmaing, LL 264b32 . rotecmaing, Lism. L. 175 . 3 pl. dorecmaingetar, IT iii 185 ( BB 260b49 , YBL 181b31 ). From subj. stems. Indic. pres. 3 s. doeccaim, CCath. 4907 , 5005 ( dos-feccaim, 3661 ). doeccaimh, AFM v 1870 , Hugh Roe 294 . doecaiph, Auraic. 4323 . teccaim, BB 435a44 . fristegaim, YBL 167b5 . teaguimh, IGT Introd. § 22 (9.14) . Later tecmaid, mod. teagmhuidh. Imperf. 3 s. nothecmad, LL 168a4 . 3 pl. tecmaitis, CCath. 5730 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ma tecmadh , ZCP viii 111 . da tegmad , BColm. 94 , etc. Perf. 3 s. dorécaim, TBC-LL¹ 116 ( LL 54b36 ), doreccaim, Hugh Roe 192 . doreagaim, MR 178 . barrecaim, CRR 23 , 36 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 4758 . barrecaib, TBC-LL¹ 2897 , 4631 . arrecaim, 2 . Fut. 3 s. tecēma, TBC-LL¹ 1265 , 1285 . tegéma, ZCP viii 213.5 . teigeomha, Proverbs xii 21 . A mod. variant of this stem is teangmh-.

Also do-ecmaic, giving indic. pres. (pret.?) 3 s. doecmaic, RC ix 456 . da-ecmaic, LU 1540 . do-nn-ecmaic, Fél. Dec. 24 . tecmaicc, LL 161a35 . tecmaicid, LB 158a53 . 3 pl. doecmaittsium, Anecd. ii 23 .

Vn. tecmang, tecmáil.

See IGT Verbs § 2 .

I As trans. vb. hits (a mark, etc.), strikes ; this is possibly the original meaning, cf. 2 ecmaing (see 1 ad-cumaing), or may be borrowed from the latter verb: gabais L. cloich . . . ┐ díbaircid dí conda ecmaic tar a luthain struck her, MU² 1049 . ba erchor tecmaicc, Metr. Dinds. iii 108 . conid-ro-marb ┐ décmaing a chend dé, RC xiii 460 .

II Like do-cuirethar, used as impers. vb. with accus. and follg. adverbial phrase or equivalent: d-an-ecmaing he happens to be (in a place, condition, etc.). Later the impers. constr. passes into a personal one, and in cases where the noun is sing. it is often impossible to decide whether it is subj. or obj. of vb.

(a) is menic dondecmaing it is often the case is such, Ml. 54a7 . acht dond-ecmaing a ní-siu gl. fortunae casu, Sg. 137b5 . doecmaic aní sin that may be so, RC ix 456 (do fomaing, v.l.). la dēcsin a chrotha gil | la cach n-ōin is indeithbir, | mina tegma (degma, MS.) . . . cēill n-āith n-airetraim n-imglain unless . . . sense be there (along with beauty), ZCP vi 267 . bid fāilid frim dām(īn]e | cia do-mecma cēt marcach though I should happen to be (accompanied by) a hundred horsemen (cét m. dat. of accompaniment?), IT iii 63 , cf. Bruchst. i § 166 . cingit chorma didiu intan do-n-ecmaic ni hebar deog di when it happens to be at hand (?), LB 9b40 . lom medc-usci ind domnaich ma tecme if it is forthcoming (?), Mon. Tall. 143 . da fítt chert chutrume cid mín cid anmín dondecme whether it happens to be delicate or coarse fare, 161 . conad air[e] nach lamaid daene a tadall acht mines-tegmad troich unless they should be persons doomed to death, Todd Nenn. 210 ( BB 256b49 ). bid na sūili dūnta muna tegmaidh osguilti go haicideach iad, 3 C 19, 72 va 11 . antand do-n-ecmaing aircend praindo when it is the end of a meal, Mon. Tall. 148 . ma teccmai lith laithe if it happen to be a festival day, Laws v 396 . mani teccmai Lugnasad, 406 . mad immalde fris doteccme if thou happen to be beside him, Mon. Tall. 160 . barrecaim Conall ir-remthús resna sluagaib, CRR 36 . is and barrecaib-sium in-airthiur Ái, TBC-LL¹ 2897 . gach cor nochuiredh dhe, nothegmadh frais do dhealgaibh sgiach ann there would be a quantity of thorns in any part of the bush he might move into, BS 22 . acht ma tecmadh secht tengta filed i cinn aenduine though there were seven tongues of poets in one man's head, ZCP viii 111 . ni roleicceadh tathamh . . . dona Spáinneachaibh doeccaimh i Rinn Chorráin who happened to be in R., Hugh Roe 294 (prob. impers.). da tegmad a Carnn ingine Briain he, Lec. 167a note. a n-aón-ionadh ina tteigeobhadh é, Ériu v 100 . isin deidendáil thennta i tecomnaccair a mbiodhbhadha aca in the strait difficulty in which they had their enemies, AFM vi 2280 . isin ccúil chumhaing i teacomhnagair i teannta occa n-esccairdibh, Hugh Roe 148 . Folld. by prep. denoting motion: muna dteagmha chuige catha coimthiugha, ML 134 . na déra dolécet . . . is amlaid hi tecma i n-ucht in Duileman they fall into, Ériu ii 194 (v.l., LB 202b55 ). co ttecomhnacair an ccraoisicch ccruaidhrighin hi tula édain don eoch, Hugh Roe 256 . condaecmaing dar leic a hochta do Ecsi (of a missile), Anecd. ii 54 . is edh dosfeccaim-si, i mmullach a sūlu cli do S. (of an arrow; saiget, f.), CCath. 3661 . a tecmadh isin muir dibh whatever (missiles) fall into the sea, 2014 .

(b) In follg. exx. vb. appears to be in pers. (and hence intrans.) constr.: combad i n-aimsir na nAed . . . no thecmad int anmanna sin this creature lived in the time of, LL 168a4 ( SG ii 480 ). co trascair . . . cach ni teccaim ar a ceann overthrows all before it (of a flood), BB 435a44 . an tan teaguimh .th. a ndiaigh .n. when `th' happens to follow `n', IGT Introd. 9 . feudaidh an sagart eile theagmhas do láthair an tAifrionn do chríochnughadh who happens to be present, Eochairsg. 122 . docoemnacair coirthe cloche fo chossaib Maicc C., BDD 157 (impers.?). gur gemel . . . doreagaim itir cāch dā curaid there was a fetter between each two heroes, MR 178 . cách hi crích a thíre fesin nó hi crích ina tecmai (hi tecma, v.l.) or any (other) territory he may chance to be in, Ériu ii 206 , cf. Anecd. iii 21 . itharna | mad dia tecma i l-lithadba should it perchance be in a feasting-hall, Corm. Y 69 . muna theagmadh lucht a freastail ina focraibh da ḟoiridin had not . . . been near to help him, CF 51 . teccomnacuir Find fecht n-and i Tethbai cona féin ┐ luid for cuairt selgae, Corm. Y 1018 (= tanic, LB). dorecmaingetar maithi fear nErenn ic ól fesi Temrach, IT iii 185 ( BB 260b49 ). intan tecaim in lán mara ac diraim, CCath. 1971 . doreccaimh díreim dia mharcslogh occ sireadh na n-oirer happened to be reconnoitring, Hugh Roe 62 . cidh be aga thegmonn fiabras whoever has a fever, 24 P 22, 183.4 . dá dteagmhadais airm agom if I had arms, MR 278 . co tecmaitis na marcaigh foena fo a cossaib were prostrate, CCath. 5730 . conid tecmaing cucci in fennid cétna, Ériu iv 22 ( LL 106a20 ). mongēnair ecclas . . . gos tecmaig fer grāidh eccnaid, RC xxxviii 346 . in tecmait dochum ifirn? are we going to hell? RC xiv 48 . gébé againn chum a teigémadh macám, SG 302 . tracht i tecaib tond, LL 147a11 (PRIA xix 546). imaseach doecmaitt-sium they come down in turns (of ebb and flow), Anecd. ii 23 . tecema il-laind a scéith will alight (of a missile), TBC-LL¹ 1265 . dia mad me notecmad tair, BB 407a41 . In follg. instances perh. pass.: fecht robaoi tecmongar celdag hi Cluain mac Nóis `there arose a contention', Mon. Tall. 162 . dorecmacht aenach i Taltin lais a fair was held by him, LL 273b5 .

III As intrans. vb.

(a) happens, occurs, takes place (pers. and impers.): ol donecmaing gl. quod accidit, Sg. 40a16 . donaib hí thecmoṅgat gl. de accidentibus, 2a10 . tecmaing amin it happens thus, 29a1 . dia cóicc mbliadhna seasccat . . . tecmoing sin, AFM 917 (ii 596) . riasiu tecma bēt nó pudar, Hy. vi 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 351 ). mar 'tberad Midir, maith dit, | dia tecma if it come to pass (is done) as M. said, Metr. Dinds. iii 456 . madh ona cūsibh so tecmus an íta if the thirst arise from these causes, 23 P 10, 33a4 . gurob o spasmus . . . tig ┐ teagmaidh se (i.e. grinding the teeth), 3b54 . accidunt . . . morbi .i. tegmaidh a foirimill an cuirp galar, 58.1 . truag, a Dé, do tecgmais it has turned out ill, ACL iii 240 (= do-t-ecgmais?). Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: tecmaing buith briathar huadib-sem it happens that verbs are (derived) from them, Sg. 156a2 . tecmaing a buith hi comsuidigud, 212b9 . doeigemud a mbeth ar in espuc a aenur it might happen that (these grades) were (united) in the bishop, Laws v 54 . mas re deithbiris doecma rucadh sis hi if it were through accidental necessity it was taken down, iii 252 . dia tecma comadh calma do S. inās duitsiu if S. should prove to be braver than you, Ériu v 152 . adubairt go ndeachatar . . . ┐ dia ttegmhadh nach raghdaoiss, Fl. Earls 24 . tecomnacair gur ro iadh nathair nemidhe ina timchell, Leb. Gab.(i) 196 . rotecmaing gur ben mu cheann re cloich, Lism. L. 175 .

With infd. dat. pron. happens to: ced donecmai bás ind if he chance to die for it, Mon. Tall. 146 . náchantecma drochrann, Fél. Jan. 10 . gidh dom thegmadh, ZCP viii 544 . domchaomnacuir airisem hi fothrucud I chanced to stay in the bath, Mon. Tall. 144 . dus in fesad int imned do-sn-eacmaing, RC vi 174.22 (YBL), in n-imniuth do-tocoemnacair, ib. (Eg.). ciped dosnecmad on tráth co araile whatever should befall her, RC viii 150 . is ē beirius a domuine ma dosneacmu, Laws ii 284 Comm. (if it fall to him? but perh. -sn- is here fem. accus. pron. referring to domuine, vb. being impers.; cf. ib. 114 : ma dosnecma dí, i.e. dont ṡáire).

Generally folld. by DO (FRI): foditu chruche . . . am[ail] tondechomnuchuir dundaib abstalaib, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247 ). amal bid dúib doecmoised as though it had happened to you, Wb. 5d26 . inna fochaide ┐ inna n-ingramman doecmungat dūnni gl. accidentium, Ml. 63c8 . ni do cach brēthir tecming persona not every verb is personal, Sg. 161a1 . tecmaing dond folud hísin gl. qualitatis (i.e. the category of quality is added as determinant to that of mere substance), 30a17 , 18 . maith in cherd gaiscid donecmaic do Choinc[h]ulaind, TBC-I¹ 1699 . go tteacmhann do gach aon dip in fortūn . . . bhus toltanach la Dia, Fl. Earls 180 . budh maith tegmas dí good shall befall her, ZCP i 125 . do innis dóibh . . . gach nidh do theangmhadh dhoibh, ZCP ii 550 . um gach éinchinnemhain notheigēmadh dhóip, Fl. Earls 60 . d'egla go tteigeómhadh a leithéid so do chás dhuinn, Mac Aingil 109 . do thionnsgain sé na neithe do theigéumhadh dhó d'innisin dóibh, Mark x 32 . teicēmaid toirc[h]es duit ┐ bēra dā ingen, ZCP vii 308 . na mna . . . do nach tecmand clann, 23 P 10, 35a60 . ní teagmand clann di, 23 Q 5, 46.38 . mac cleiriuch dia tecmai oen inna cinath-sa who happens to commit one of these sins, Ériu vii 170 . is and barecmaiṅg dóib sin bith ar múr Temra, MU² 362 . da tegmad dam dul ar leth, BColm. 94 . tocaomnacair do Diarmaid ┐ do Blathmac . . . conid eiter a lāmaib rothathamir Cúrui, Mon. Tall. 153 . da tecma don curp allus do teacht de if the body should happen to perspire, 23 P 10, 6a25 . With FRI (RE, LE): urcoid teagmus re bunait na fethedh which occurs to, 23 P 10, 4a16 . cipé tan no tecmudh frit amal dorala do-som, ZCP iv 390 . do digail an anndligid forsin foirind fris tegaim ferg De, YBL 167b5 .

(b) Esp. is or comes in the way of, meets with DO, FRI, AR (FOR). As in the case of do-cuirethar the construction here seems to have been orig. that of a trans. impers. vb., cf. the follg. exx.: cach inad a tecmad clanna Néill dá chéili ┐ Connacht[a] wherever the Clan N. and the men of Connacht met each other, SG 50 . nā tegmad thū do nech inā nech duit, RC xii 348 . cia bith ara tecmainged dóib, Mon. Tall. 129 (do-ecmaing dom ar . . . I meet). doregaimh araill (sic leg.) don gasraidh tul i tul do he encountered a band . . . face to face, Hugh Roe 156 . robeired coscar do na huilib rígaib nothecmad ris, SG 391 . romuigheadh rompa for na sluaghaibh teagmhadh riu, Hy Fiach. 22 .

With personal construction: teit in fer . . . ┐ tecmhaing rón dó he came upon a seal, Lism. L. 1640 . in lucht tiagait tar dorus Dúid amach . . . tecmaicid drochut doib, LB 158a53 . is dóigh leo . . . gurab í an comuirle is ferr tecmus dóib `that the best counsel befalls them', Maund. 21 . aroile ridire . . . tegmaic doib-sen forsan sét, Fl. Earls 134 . tecmaid . . . Muire mór do mnai Jacim, ACL iii 244 . an t-ionnad at-teagmha dhuit ailbhín do thorcaibh, ZCP ii 552 . co rothecaim dó annsin tor he chanced to come to a tower, Lec. 602b24 . iss andsin barrecgaim echlach . . . do Chonchobar, TBC-LL¹ 4758 . doecomnacair dremm do Bretnaib doib, Trip. 390 . doreccaim dhó for a chinn aroile duine, Hugh Roe 192 . dorecmaingetar triar do-sum ag im[decht] na conairi, YBL 176b1 . teichemhaid laech dhuit ar an sligid, Lism. L. 3456 . teccemhaidh occ-laech . . . don ti bherus mo chorp-sa lais, BNnÉ 94 . an céadchrann do theigéamhadh dhó the first tree he should find, Keat. ii 2686 . beannughadh do chrois ┐ don comharsain an tan theigéumhaid dhúinn, Parrth. Anma 17 . secip foradhchnoc . . . i n-a tteicemadh imat snechta ┐ oigridh dó on which he should find a quantity of snow and ice, Fl. Earls 192 . With FRI: tegmaid gilla Bríain . . . re gilla Taidg, ZCP viii 231 . doeccaimh cobhlach na bainrioghna friú, AFM v 1870 . gerbó mor an glenn nothegmadh fris, BS 176 . teigemhad sa friut iar ttriochad bliadhan, BNnÉ 103 . teagmhadh mathghamhuin ré duine let a bear meet a man, Proverbs xvii 12 . dá teagma riut duine maith, O'Gr. Cat. 119 . do ghalaraibh le at-teagmhaidis diseases they might meet with, ZCP ii 550 . With AR (FOR): ní cian dochuaid innte in tan tecmaic ar in ndúil diablaide, SG 290 . na srotha . . . an trat[h] tegmas talam lac soscailti orra when they come to loose soluble soil, Ir. Astr. Tr. 40 . nó cu teagma ort nuimir óir na bliadna-sa until you hit on the golden number, O'Gr. Cat. 303 . nó co teagmad ort an silla atái d'iaraidh, 300 . imthigem in cruindi . . . co tecema forn an maigden till we find the maiden, Grail 3248 . ná cotail . . . dia tegmad drem folaid ort lest an ambush fall upon thee, ZCP vi 272 .

do-etlen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-etlen or dil.ie/17607

Forms: tetlaid, étlais, tetlo

v (* to-ess-tlen-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 649 ) Later as simple verb tetlaid (from vn.) IGT Verbs § 64 . takes away by stealth, steals: doretlasstar (dorétlaistir, LU) a claideb ar Fhergus, TBC-I¹ 1164 . tig Cuchulaind ┐ atraig ammach ┐ tetlaithir a chranda do his spears are smuggled out to him (?), IT ii1 177 ( YBL 115b35 ). With reflex. pron. (and subsequently as intrans. vb.) gets away secretly, escapes, flees: mus-tetlai uaidib co hErinn fled from them, RC xv 434 ( Dinds. 43 ). noco tetlai fiadh tar fraech, BB 370a6 = ní rontétlai fiad `no quarry escaped him' (or simply escaped, with pron. 3 s. reflex. ?), Metr. Dinds. iii 158 . rothelta (leg. rothetla) ara lamacan dia shaigid crept, Lec. 446a33 = róétla ara lamha[can] do ṡaighi na con, Cóir Anm. 71 . tetlais uaidib in fénnid , BB 373a48 = étlais, Metr. Dinds. iii 194 . roteichset riam ┐ dorétlaiset aire, Hugh Roe 134 . rotetlaidhsid (rotétlaiset, H) a ngabhra uile uaidhibh, TBC-LL¹ 5646 (St.). Cf. further BB 7b20 : coega macc og Adamh ān | cōica ingen ard imslan . . . | tren ratetla in bith buidhi | ra brechta tre bancuiri = trén ros étlá, LL 141b34 . rusetla, Lec. 74a30 . Vn. tetlo.

féindid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féindid or dil.ie/21492

x see fénnid .

1 femen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 femen or dil.ie/21583
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: feimin, femin

n (<Lat. femininum) o, m.

(a) the feminine gender: in femen .i. cach banda, Anecd. v 23 n. 13 . is inderb im mascul fá f.¤ , Sg. 61a9 . do ḟemun, 64b5 . isind ḟemun, 75b2 . do ḟémiun, 69a20 . ferinnsci ┐ banninnsci ┐ demhinsce lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen ┐ neodar lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 522 = feimin, 3025 . ider mascal ┐ f.¤ , Laws v 4.4 . iter femin ┐ mascol, Anecd. v 23 n. 14 . g s. briathar femin , Sg. 190b5 . Auraic. 1913 . qu[a]e vel qua .i. a ainmniugud feimin, Laws v 4.1 .

(b) of feminine sex, a female: Findabair ... sech ba femen ba fennid , LL 17a44 (quoted by O'Cl. under femen .i. bean). gach banindsci ┐ cach f.¤ , Corm. Y 1219 . is femen a cenél sin uile, O'Mulc. 527 . But a native formation in the following placenames ( Ériu xxii 97 , xxvi 174 ):Mag Femen ; also Mag Femin, see Hog. Onom. ar Femun Muman, LU 10969 . a Síd ar Femin, BDD 140 . Síd ar Femun, IT iii 243 ( LL 246a19 ). Cf. femen ... .i. magh, Corm. Y 632 . O'Mulc. 514 . nimgeb format frisnach sen | igge nammá fri femen, Otia i 124 .

fénnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fénnid or dil.ie/21615

Forms: ḟenneda, féinnida, fendedoi, féinidh, féinniodh, féindedha, ḟenned, feindid, fendidi, féinnidhe, féinidhe, feinnedha, fennidi, fendeda, fénned, feinned, feinded

n i, m. g s. ind ḟenneda , LL 298a41 . féinnida, LU 7074 . do chenel Foelan Fennedo, Trip. 130.14 . ind fendedoi , IT iii 238.91 . féinidh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1085 (see § 52 ). féinniodh (: fiodh), TD 20.17 . an féindedha , AFM v 1578 . g du. da ḟenned TBC-LL¹ 4323 = feindid, TBC-I¹ 2801 . n p. fendidi, TBC-I¹ 1348 (= fénnide LU). féinnidhe, IGT, Decl. 1333 . féinidhe, 1328 . feinnedha, Cóir Anm. 222 . g p. erriud fennidi impu, LL 266a29 ( MU² 564 ). ina fendeda , TBC-I¹ 3129 . fénned, LL 14a24 . feinned, 181a29 , cf. Metr. Dinds. iv 102 . feinded Alex. 229. 231 . A member of a `fian' (Meyer, Fianaig. p. xi 4 ) ; a warrior, champion, often implying valour, skill or success in warfare ; later in wider sense a soldier: Asal mac Cuinn Cetcathaigh ┐ ba feindid side, Laws i 70.11 Comm. isind ḟoclui féinnida in tige, BDD 74 (see 1 fochla). cland na fénned, LL 14a24 . fianna .i. feinnedha rígh Erenn iat, Cóir Anm. 222 . fénnid cách co trebad `every one is a roving warrior till he takes up husbandry', Tec. Corm. § 31.10 . Coirpre .i. f.¤ do Lúignib, Thr. Ir. Gl. 34 s.v. orc tréith. do fennid ┐ caithchid crích `the champion and combatant' Laws v 418.13 . cách f.¤ ┐ cach foglaid, LU 4444 . ní raib fénid (fer fēne v.l.) ná banscál 'sind loccán (i.e., in the monastery), Ériu iii 104.12 . go hégeandail nír ḟénnigh (i.e. he showed his full valour only in an extremity ?) ZCP viii 226 § 17 . de ḟénnedaib na hIruade, TBC-LL¹ 5875 . for féinnedaib na Frigia, LL 239b13 ( TTr. 1685 ). féindidh foghla for Ghallaibh, AFM i 510 . gur ḟágaibh an iúsdís uathadh do mhaithibh a muintire aice imaille re hiomadh fénnedh ┐ fearóglaoch, iii 230.8 . Used of women : Findabair ... sech ba femen ba fennid , LL 17a44 . doluid Creidne for fiannas ... cumma no ḟiched de muir ┐ tír, is aire atberth[a] di Creidni ba feinnid, Fianaig. p. xi . na banfénidi (of the Amazons) TTr.² 1698 . In late poetry often merely a title of honour : corn ... ḟéinnidh Uladh (of Mág Uidhir) TD 10.18 . féindedh (.i. briugha) a hospitaller ZCP v 485 § 4 (B. na f.), cf. féine .i. brughaidh, O'Cl. See rígfénnid (s.v. ríg-).

fénnidecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fénnidecht or dil.ie/21616
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fendecht

n ā, f. ( fénnid ) service as a ` fénnid ,' hence the profession of arms (sometimes apparently of the calling of a freelance) : níbat flaith co féinnidecht (MS go feinigh-) 'thou shalt not be a lord with valour', Leb. Cert.² 156.20 . tri nonbur dō for a fendidecht, YBL 179b34 (-id- added above) = fendecht, BB 259b19 (cf. RC vi 174 ). doluidh araile feinnig ... ar feinidhecht fo Eirinn, RC vi 174.5 . luid ... ind ingen for fennidecht, Ériu iv 22.13 . luid-side cuaird fénnidechta ib. 10 . doluidh ... for feinidecht ... do dhighail a haidedh RC vi 174.18 . tug E. righ-fheinnigheacht a leithe féin [d'Éirinn] dhó ` royal championship ' ML 70.5 ( ML² 994 ). See further exx. s.v. ríg-.

fían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fían or dil.ie/21945
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fian, féne, ḟéinne, Fianghal, Fianghail, —uil, Fiangaile, Fiangaile, fíangalach, Fiangalaich, fian

n ā, f. By Zimmer ( ZDA 1891, 1 ff .) derived from ON fiandi `enemy' (see RC xii 295 ; 405 ); by D'A. de Jubainville, RC xxviii 249 , and Thurneysen, ZCP xv 262 , connected with the people-name Féni; by Loth, RC xiii 507 , with `fine.' Acc. to Meyer, Fianaig. vi ff . it is from an abstr. meaning ` driving, pursuing, hunting ,' which has in Irish taken a concrete meaning and denotes `a band of warriors on the warpath .' Compare the mediaeval etymologists: fianna a venatione .i. on tseilg dognidis isberthi fianna friu; no fianna .i. finedha, ar is ina finib ┐ ina n-aicmibh nobidis ... no fianna .i. feinnedha rígh Erenn iat, Cóir Anm. 222 . Connected by Wagner, Celtica xi 265 , to fén. The people-name Féni is sometimes liable to be confused with the gen. of fian from which it is not always clearly distinguishable, e.g. airiseom óc féne, LU 5089 . Cf. bearla na feinei `the fians Irish' Eg. Gl. 522 . Archaic n p. féna for Fid, The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 176.1 , Peritia iii 316 .

(a) a band of roving men whose principal occupations were hunting and war, also a troop of professional fighting-men under a leader. In later application esp. the warrior-bands under Finn son of Cumall, who are described as constituting a military caste: is e ropa thaiseach teglaig ┐ ropa cheand deorad ┐ amhus ┐ cech ceithirne ar chena la Cormac Find mac Cumaill, conad friusin atberat in daescarsluag `fianna Find', YBL 325a10 ff . ro hindarbad Finn ... ┐ ro sgaraid na fiano fris. ar ba hiad-sein cetherna ┐ teglach in rig Cormaic. Is de ad-bertaei fíana friu, ar ba siad fenidi ┐ milid in ri īad, Tochm. Ailbe 1 . See Fianaig. ix ff ., Keat. ii p. 324 ff . Traditions of Finn and his fianna are abundant in Irish and Scottish folklore. In Keating's time cromlechs were called by the people leapthacha na Féine `the beds of the Fian'. In Metr. Dinds. iii 280.49 : bátar fo diamair ... ic fiannaib, ic fomurib (of the chief roads of Ireland), and Cog. 114.28 : i folach fo thalmain inā fá dhiamhraibh díchealta ag fianaibh no ag sithcuiraibh, the fíana appear as belonging to a remote past and coupled with semi-mythological beings. Cf. opening pp. of Acall., where Finn's fíana are pictured as giants of other days. fian .i. ceithearn, Stowe Gl. 406 . Lec. Gl. M 114 . cona fein húathmair (of David's followers) SR 6283 . cona féin, cona fairaind [ = foirind], 6356 . nech dabur feind ná dabur foirind, Acall. 5142 . for formnu féne Forainn (of Pharaoh's host) SR 3992 . iugulavit me fian maicc Maicc Con, Ardm. 14a2 ( Thes. ii 267.38 . Trip. 324 ). arna guin do fianaib Maic Con, Corm. Y 883 . Fiachra Fobrecc fein co ngairg `with a fierce band of warriors' Hail Brigit § 13 ( LL 49b45 ). Find cona fein, Corm. Y 1018 (feind, Bodl.). docer la féin Cind tíre; la féin Luagne aided Find, RC xxiii 310 § 29 . fianna Find ... brecctais rinne | ... fianna Fothaid Canainne, ZCP viii 119 § 35 ( Rawl. 88b ). Find mac Cumaill ... in cētFinn ro tinoil fiana ar tús i nErinn, LL 379a38 . eter ḟiannaib fer nAlban, 261b3 . fíanna fer nÉrend ┐ Alban, BDD 144 (of reavers). fianna Eirenn, Acall. 5284 . fianna feochra, TBC-LL¹ 5683 . comérgid ... a fianna; arise, warriors (leader addressing a band of reavers) BDD 141 . mesir fiana iarna ngaluibh estimate warriors by their fighting (or valor) Ériu xiii 41.33 ( O'Dav. 1037 ). as mo thigh ro gab [Oisin] feind ┐ foirind (= took command of a company, became leader of a `fían ') Acall. 2467 . Finn's followers as a military caste are distinguished from the agricultural class, the settled population: doronad crandchar idir in bhFéinn ┐ aes na treabaire cia dhíbh da roised tūs do thabairt an chatha dona hallmharchaib, Acall. 1290 (`between the Fianna and the settled [i.e. non-nomadic] folk lots were cast' SG ii 132 ). Buanand mumi na fian ... i. daghmathair ac foircetal gaiscid do fianuib, Corm. Y 104 . fiana bātar i nEmain, | ir-Rāith Chruachan, i Temair, RC xxiii 304 § 1 (beginning an account of the deaths of famous champions). Temair Berg, baile na fían, Ériu iv 92.2 . se fichet findscél na fiann, LL 145a49 . for ḟíana rochalma ḟer nÉorpa, TTr.² 1691 . fiana ferrdha ... Franc, CCath. 5363 . d'ḟianaibh Fódla, d'amhsain Ile, TD 16.55 . fian Ghréagach `the soldiery of Greece' (i.e. the Fitzgeralds) 17.10 . see fénnid and fíanas. Here possibly belongs óc féne one of a roving band, a `fian'-warrior (?): g p. airiseom óc féne a resting place of fian-warriors LU 5089 . n p. inn óic ḟéinne , TBC-LL¹ 4950 .

(b) in wider sense a company, number of persons: rioghraid Laighen ... f.¤ mholuim, LL 394.1 . deich mic oile anba an ḟian ib. 4 . rī tarcai cech fēin, SR 7163 . fian sceith (sciath v.l.) shield-bearers (?) Ériu vi 135.45 . foḟuair féin fessaig findgil | im Chessair ingin Betha, LL 5b5 . Of pieces in a game, chessmen: imat fian fidhcelda, Anecd. ii 58.13 (cf. fíanchlár below). mar ḟéin na mbranán TD ii 199.1 .

(c) a warrior (late and rare): righḟeinnidh, f.¤ `a General ' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 523 . sir Sémus ... an fiann, O'Gr. Cat. (1700) 584.28 .

In BColm. 94.8 : a fían a saert[h]a ar cach cath; Plummer suggests reading fiach = in payment of their exemption from military service, making the preceding sent. (ar is ... ann) parenthetical.

Compds. ¤bla: fri f. fechta ` warrior-shout of fighting' (? field of fight) Leb. Gab.(i) i 68 = fri fianna fecta, LL 6a6 = re fiannaib fearta, BB 24b46 . ¤both a hunting-bothy . a hut of branches or similar construction in a forest or wild spot, an improvised shelter: fogeib in fianboith ┐ in mac ina codlad innti, RC v 199.3 . rosfuc leis dochum na fianboithi, ib. 13 . d'iarraid ḟianbothe, RC vii 296.96 ( LL 206b49 ). dognitis fianbotha folachta foslongpuirt acci i ndairib, Cog. 60.10 . i ffianboith folachtae i ccuas cairrgi, AFM v 1794.1 . tógaibh fian-bhoith fíréandachta do chumhdach do choguais, TSh. 2304 . Cf. ro ghabhsat longport fairsing fianbhothaigh an encampment of huts (?) AFM vi 2168.11 . See 2 fulacht. ¤chara a comrade in arms; `a mutual friend, one who protects and is protected' O'Don. Suppl. , from Eg. 88 f. 54d ( O'Curry 2639 ) : dot fiancarait .i. fear snāidhes ┐ sṅāidithar fear aile i n adhaigh [ = ina aghaidh ?] ┐ amail carait claochmoig iat ó dénait comairce a céile (cf. compact between Cú Chulainn and Conall Cernach : ciped chia dib nomarbtha ar tús a digail dia cheiliu, LL 122a8 ). nimrumart-sa mo f. Cú Chulainn, LL 125b10 ( Ériu v 210.60 , where the speaker is a woman). ¤chlár a board for (chess-)men: mó a clārḟiacail ... anda f. fidchille, LL 210a56 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 138 ). ¤chluiche (para)military game ( Celtica viii 151 ): In Laws v 150.11 ff . a distinction is made between `fian-chluichi' and `ruidles-chluichi,' the latter being apparently games proper for children. nocha uil ruidhles cluithi do codhnacha ┐ nochan uil col cluithi do macaib bega. Ruidhles cluithi na mac mbec is fiancluithi do codhnacha ┐ f. c. na mac mbec is col cluithi do codhnacha, Eg. 88 f. 28c ( O'Curry 2368 ). slán d'fir in eich na huile neiche ... acht a riagail re fiancluichi in codnaig uil uirre, Laws iii 182.1 (on injuries caused by a steed). fiach fianchluichi a fine for f.c. 192 20 Comm . (referring to a dog-fight) ; 250.27 ; 252.4 (ref. to boating mishaps, where it is transld. `foul-play'). ¤choscur hunting-slaughter, killing game: a foraim, a fomsigi, a fíanchoscur (accomplishments of Cú Chulainn) LU 4847 . 8453 ( FB 30 ). tairnic leo a bhfiadach ┐ a bhfianchoscar do dhénam, Acall. 187 . selg ┐ ḟíanchosgur, Fianaig. 54.26 . ac seilg ┐ ac fianchoṡcur 56.24 . ag fiadach ┐ ag fianchosgur, ZCP vi 38.13 . comus ḟiadaig ┐ ḟiannchoscair Fiann Eirenn, Acall 5281 . ¤deisel ? fochloch f. (text doubtful) ZCP v 499 § 7 . ¤ēirghe rising of warriors to battle ; a raid: Anecd. ii 73.12 . ¤erred warlike accoutrements: LU 6384 = TBC-LL¹ 2525 . ¤flescach a hunting booth of osiers: na fianḟlescaig fo thuga `the roofed hunting-booths of osier' Metr. Dinds. iii 112.31 (= tech, Dinds. 29 ). ¤gaisced 'fian'-valor: a[c] congbail in ḟiangaiscid, Acall. 5208 . ¤gal : (as pred.) f. Find Find brave as warrior-bands Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.5 . As npr. m. Fianghal, Caithr. CC § 33 , § 41 ; g s. Fianghail, —uil, § 85 . Cf. nom. Fiangaile, Rawl. 160b40 . Fiangaile gen. 160b32 . ¤galach valiant: g p. m. fer ngablach fíangalach , BDD 32 . As npr. m. AU 737 . 754 . 799 . AFM 732 . 750 . gen. Fiangalaich, Rawl. 144c14 , 150a19 . ¤glas `fian'-bolt, a pole, pike or spear (?) : tucait fianglasa ┐ airechra ochta ... risin luingsin ica cur ó chrích ... na Greci, LL 219b28 ( TTr. 188 ). acc srainedh araill da naimtib uad ... do sonnaib ┐ d'fianglassaib sithremra cona n-irellaib iairn imma cennaib, CCath. 3591 . foscerditís d'a ḟianglasaib isna tendtib flung (the serpents) from their pike-staffs (?) Alex. 714 . ¤rí (?) : Ält. Ir. Dichtg. 28.10 . ¤sruth `f.¤ -stream', fian-lore (`Fiannica', Stern, ZCP i 471 ) : fianṡruth Find, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.1 = fianruth, LL 216a19 . See ZCP i 471 . fiandsroth fian Find u Baiscne, YBL 119a36 = fianruth fiand [sic] in so, 325a0 marg. (prefixed to a list of Finn's captains).

1 finn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 finn or dil.ie/22134
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: findgil, findban, findflatha, findfocla, finnfoclaibh, findnémand, findtopraib

adj o-ā

(a) white (gen. bright white = Lat. candidus): bright, lustrous . Of color: tarb find, LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). laith find (i.e. milk), Laws i 64.4 . trisin mbrat find (= pallio albo) Tur. 55 . Inis Bó finde, Fél. Aug. 8 . bolca finda (ref. to vescis candentibus) Ml. 99a4 . isa leth i mbátár na finna the side the white [sheep] were LU 1736 (= trēt gel, 1729 ). an focherded caírig find tar sonnach ... bá dub fó chetóir 1731 . Equat. finnithir canach slébe as white as mountain cotton-grass BDD 109 . Of lustrous objects: síthbe find findairgit, LU 10216 ( TEm. 14 ) = find forargit, LU 8634 ( FB 47 ). úatne finna forórda, LU 3687 ( SCC 33 ). i gcrích Ulad na n-es bfionn, O'Gr. Cat. 453.14 . fionn .i. follas, O'Cl. find .i. taitnemach, Stowe Gl. 175 . O'Cl. (fionn). As subst.: co find na matne till dawn TTr.² 1895 . Cf. corice in findmatin arnámhárach (leg. find, m. a. ?) 1656 . finn (name of letter b in a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5669 .

(b) fair, light-hued (of complexion, hair, etc.): línḟolt find forórdae fair, BDD 75 . find uile in fer sain eter ḟolt ┐ rosc ┐ ulcha ┐ abratchur ┐ dechelt, TBC-LL¹ 5348 = TBC-I¹ 3293 . in dias ... finna dib línaib cona foltaib ┐ a mbrataib ┐ it gilithir snechtae, BDD 99 . ben ... mong find fuirri, TBC-I¹ 2790 . ni thuca in finn ḟotai do not marry a tall fairhaired woman ZCP viii 112.30 . Common as sobriquet in this sense.

As subst.: in fhind robo scíamach 'the fair one that was beautiful', Celtica xxv 23 § 7 .

(c) fair, handsome (oft., but not necessarily, implying fairness of complexion): slog find forderg, LU 3866 ( SCC 38 ). mná finna, LU 8713 ( FB 53 ). nim geib format fri fer find I envy not a handsome man ZCP vi 267.3 . fer find (of Cú Chulainn, described as `dub' LU 8673 . 10218 ) LU 4546 = TBC-I¹ 58 is quoted by O'Cl. in illustration of 5 finn, q.v. In proper names: Be Ḟind, npr. f. LU 10843 . Bé Find, TBFr. § 1 . Bé bhind, Acall. 6904 . Bé Bhionn, DDána 91.17 . (see 1 bé). Ó Dálaigh Fiond (surname), ... ar an ó atá an moladh and sin Ó Dálaigh Ḟind ... ar Dálach atá an moladh and, § 168 , § 169 . In phr. with Donn and Dub meaning a nobody : ​ a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

(d) bright, blessed (freq. in religious poetry): is find a mbethu (gl. beati quorum ...) Wb. 2c2 . féil find Fergnai, Fél. Mar. 2 . búaid find Ualentini , Dec. 16 . la paiss find Faustíni , Oct. 8 . ar mbága finna (: thinga, v.l. thenga) Hy vi 17 (`our white fights' Thes.). in Fiada find (of God), Trip. 140.23 . munbad omun Fiadhat find, Ériu ii 229.10 . hi Fíadat find fíni `in the vine of the white Lord' Fél. Ap. 6 . Common epithet of saints: ceol cethri sanct find fichet SR 584 . (cf. seniores ... vestimentis albis Rev. iv 4 ) Fél. Jan. 9 , 14 ; Feb. 24 , Nov. 29 , Dec. 12 , etc. In n.l.: Mag Finn, Metr. Dinds. v 196 . Cf. in Finn faídech (name of a bell), s.v. faídech.

Cf. tarlagsa chucu dia fromad | focal finda filed, Anecd. i 47 § 4 (see also finn-focal in compds. below).

(e) in moral sense, fair, just, true: scél find fír, Ériu iv 132.2 . finda buana mo bretha, ZCP xi 91.8 . finn .i. fīr, Stowe Gl. 383 . fionn .i. fīrinne, O'Cl.

(f) of sounds: bro finn Fiachna `clear shout' O'Dav. 330 . Cf. the compd. finn-chéolán, below.

(g) of blighted corn: tornech ┐ tentich anbail ... gur milled moran do mes ┐ do torad ... ┐ cur fasadur arbanna finna fasa, Ann. Conn. 1328 § 3 (`corn grew whitish and empty' ALC i 607 ).

See finda.

Compds.

I With adj.:

(a) with adj. of color, denoting a light or bright shade (= Fr. clair, Germ. hell):

¤buide light-yellow: folt findbudi, TBC-LL¹ 213 . mongae findbudi BDD 84 ; 103 .

¤gel: Fiada findgel, SR 644 (cf. d above). Maire ... finngel, 4638 . g s m. Fiachach findgil , LL 127b6 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤rúad light auburn: ulcha findruad (of the apostle Philip), Ériu iii 194 § 7 . RC viii 363.13 . In: Forainn findruad, SR 3414 , ruad may mean strong.

(b) with other adjs. forming dwandwa-compds. ¤adbal: co flaith findadbail Fāelāin, 'prosperous powerful rule', Ériu xvii 38 § 1 . ¤aelta lime-white, white-washed: ` whitewashed ' P. O'C. don árus fhionnaolta, TSh. 2729 . foirccnemha fionnaolta, AFM v 1798.15 . ¤balc fair and strong: Eochaid findbalc, Metr. Dinds. ii 4.51 .

¤chas fair and curly: fer findcass foltlebor LL 120a43 . folt finnchas, Acall. 5992n .

¤chert: flaith findchert `noble righteous prince' Metr. Dinds. iii 452.39 . ¤fechtnach, see fechtnach. ¤lebor fair and long (or smooth): folt findleabor, Acall. 5992 . ¤lem fair and gentle: ind óg findlem ... | Maire ingen Ebraidé, SR 7503 . ¤mass fair and comely: dán findmas, Anecd. i 60 § 84 . ¤oll: ... A Dē ... | na roib coraither [ = co rāiter ?] immom | do bara findoll find-sa, ZCP viii 561.16 . ¤uar clear (?) and cold: i dtobar fhionnfhuar, TSh. 5047 . i madain focchmair fionnḟuair, AFM ii 932 (quot.). Cf. ind(ḟ)úar. ¤úallach: dáilimh ḟionnuallcha `fair, haughty cupbearers' TD 8.14 .

(c) with adj. derived from subst. compounded with finn: ¤bennach whitehorned , name of the bull of Connacht: LU 10400 . TBC-LL¹ 81 . Metr. Dinds. iii 370.66 (cf. 374.99 ). ¤chlothach: f. Bregh, Ériu xiii 21.22 . ? ¤lúasgach: áile laith ... fionnluasgach lí súla i mbí ina condull (of grain for malting), Ériu xiii 40.27 ( O'Dav. 1199 ). Possibly this belongs to finna. ¤nélach: flaith findnélach, LL 120b8 (cf. —nél). ¤súilech (cf. 3 finn ?), as sobriquet: C. occisus est on Ḟíndṡuilech RC xvii 403.18 (Tig.). AFM ii 884.2 .

II With subst.

(a) in various senses of the simple adj.: ¤airge a milch-herd: ocht fichit f., Acall. 514 . 1887 . 5985 (cf. 2 finn). ¤alt see finnalt. ¤argat white silver: síthbe findargit, LU 9262 . s. find findairgit 10216 . claideb co u-imdurnn findarcaid, TBC-I¹ 3345 . ¤bantracht band of fair women Acall. 5289 . ¤ben: g p. tri .l. findban , 6905 . ¤bile, fig. of pers.: in findbile `the noble prince ' Metr. Dinds. ii 8.1 . ZCP viii 226.19 . ¤bla: fál fri findblai `with a fair lawn' Metr. Dinds. ii 6.66 . ¤bliadain: cethri fichit findbliadna, LL 127b3 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤charn white carn: TBC-LL¹ 1203 (= carnd ngel, LU 5103 ). ¤cheólán blessed (?) bell: mór do findcheolanaib ceilebartha, Acall. 2610 . ar findcheolanuibh trath, 327 . ¤chles: finnclesa TBC-LL¹ 5512 St. ¤chóelach white (i.e. peeled) wattles: cét marclach do fhinnchaeluch (for building a house), Lism. L. 1572 . árach fionnchaolaigh, AFM vi 2218.1 . ¤choire: see findchoire. ¤delg white (i.e. silver) pin: .x. findelga (.i. airget), Ériu ii 5.5 . ¤ ḟénnid : Iriel Fáid f., LL 127b17 ( MacCarthy 158 ). ¤feth: fine calm weather (? Cf. findbad): dorala f. doib for an ffairge, Leb. Gab.(i) i 258.11 . ¤flaith: g s. findflatha , BDD 100c (Y 1015 ). ¤focal fair word; magic (?) word: a p. ór nad fil lem ... findfocla frismberad F. fursunnud fiss, LL 259b29 ( IT i 68 ). fir domuin ... no ṡídaigfed da thrí finndfoclaib, LL 267b41 ( MU² 759 ). d p. i fis ┐ i foglaim ┐ i finnfoclaibh filedh, CCath. 4411 . basa bodhar foglime i findfocluib fis, ZCP xii 365.19 . ¤folt (of wave crests) Thes. ii 290.4 . ¤gáire a pleasant laugh: cia ro thibe fion[n]gāire, ZCP vi 267 § 6 . ¤gein: findgein Magdaléna `blessed nativity' Fél. July 22 . cf. findgen grían, ZCP xi 109 § 15 . ¤Goídel: sliocht fionnGaoidil, Léachtaí Cholm Cille xxiv 110 § 47 . ¤lebar: do findleabraib trāth (books of hours), Acall. 2610 . re finnleabhraibh fileadh, TD 5.7 . ¤maten dawn, morning: corice in findmatin arnámhárach, TTr.² 1656 (possibly find, m., see under a above). ¤mónann cowberry: ethad in ḟindmonai[n] (leg. ḟindmonainn; in ḟínemain, ind finemain, v.ll.) na [in in] brecce na crand crin 'essen sie die Preißelbeere oder die Rinde(?) dürrer Bäume', ZCP xxx 150.31 . ¤nél: white mist: findnél na cailce, RC xiii 456.19 (cited under finnell .i. nell fionn, O'Cl. Cf. finnell). ¤nem: fortacht ar Fíadat findnime, Hy iii 4 . ¤némand white pearl: g p. frossa findnémand , TBC-LL¹ 208 . ¤rop the small intestine: see findrop. ¤ṡlúag, Fél. May 23 . ¤sruth a fair stream: as n. fl. MU² 264 . findṡruth arggait, Imr. Brain § 40 . Fig.: nis fuinchessa co finnsrothaib airchetail .i. [na filid] icatāit na srotha taitnemhacha , ( O'D. 1220 (< H 2.15A p. 85 - 6 ). filidh nis fuinchesa go ffiondṡrothaibh aircheadail, Ériu xiii 51.12 . ( O'Mulc. 600 ). Finnsruth Fithil (name of a law tract), Laws i 120.1 Comm. Here perhaps: ara naisc finnsruth findtigha, Laws iv 38.10 (emended to ¤sru[i]th, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137 , perhaps wrongly). Cf. the adj. findsrothach (versed in the (treatise) `Finnsruth' ?): dia mba brethem ba faṡach, ba f., O'D. 2227 ( Nero A vii, 153a ). ¤topar fair, clear spring: d s. mor do findtopraib , SR 500 .

(b) forming stable compds. in which the meaning of the subst. is modified: ¤choll whitebeam (?) (ZCP xvii 177-84 , Celtica xi 118 ): fidṡlatta findchuill, TBC-LL¹ 1434 . lorg findchuill, Acall. 3489 . ¤fúarad cooling, refreshment , see ind(ḟ)úar and cf. ¤úar above. Hence finnfúaraigid refreshes: an t-aiéor fhionnfhuaruighios mé, Mac Aingil 43.8 . ¤scél a story, a legend: se fichit findscél na fíann | foclas cech fili, LL 145a49 . finn-sgéal filidheachta, TSh. 7418 . Keat. ii 2336 . ¤scoth [leg. fíon— ?] hound's tongue (plant-name) Hog. Luibhl. cionoglosa .i. an ḟionscoith, 23 K 42, 400.2 . ¤uma white copper (species of bronze ?): fedana finduma, Acall. 2441 . fetan f., 7600 (of brooches). sceith co caladbualtib finnuma, LL 266b16 ( MU² 609 ). sonnach finduma, Anecd. ii 7.1 . Cf. findruine.

(c) occas. seems used in an ironical sense: as an bhfionnfregradh sin (of an opponent's answer), Luc. Fid. 295.15 . go gcead d[obh]ar bhfionnraidhtibhsi your glib assertions 207.1 .

(d) in poetry freq. prefixed to names of persons, tribes and places: fionnMhuire, Dán Dé ii 21 . fionnGhaoidhil, TD 1.56 . re fóir bhfionnBhaoille, 16.62 .

III In proper names.

(a) of persons: see Zimmer, KZ xxxii 158 ff ., Meyer, Wortk. 213 .

(b) common in place-names: Finn-glas, ¤glenn, ¤loch, ¤mag, etc., see Onom.

(c) in people-names: ¤gall a fair-haired foreigner orig. applied to Norwegians settled in Ireland (opp. to Dubgall Dane): Ragnall ... rí Finngall ┐ Dubgall, AU 920 . forgla Frangc ┐ Findgall, MR 110.11 . Later used of the Anglo-Norman invaders and their descendants, opp. to Gall = a contemporary invader: araill d'uaislibh na bFionnghall dusfangatar an insi fecht riamh ... ind agaidh na nGall dusficcset fa dheóidh a críochaibh Saxan, Hugh Roe 12.4 (f. 3a) . an Róisteach ... ┐ a bhen ... d'écc ... ┐ ni bhaí dfionnghallaibh Ereann ... lánamain rob oirdearca ináit-sidhe, AFM v 1798.11 . Of people of Hebrides (see Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 13 ): Ailín ler coisnadh clár Fionnghall, Rel. Celt. ii 218.5 . Crioch Fhionnghall anaimsir ailín, 220.21 . ¤ genti white heathens (contr. with Dub-g., q.v.), Norsemen: lucht ocht xxi t long di ḟindgentib AU 851 . Finngheinnte, Keat., iii 2457 . ¤lochlonnach a Norwegian (opp. to Dubl. a Dane); `a name given in Ireland to a Norweigian signifying Lakelander, in contradiction to a Dane who was called Dubhlochlannach i.e., a more foreign or strange lakelander' P. O'C. [gairthear] Fionnlochlonnaigh do lucht na Noruaegia, Keat. iii 2457 . Also the people of the Hebrides: Éireannaigh féin fionnLochlannaigh the Hebrideans are also Irish, CMCS xxxviii 23 . ¤lochlanna the Hebrides: i mbun a ghabháltuis féin i nAlbuin, agus i bhFionnlochlonnaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 51 § 7 . ¤genti `fair gentiles' (Norwegians) Cog. 20z . See AFM i p. 482 .

1 flaith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 flaith or dil.ie/22281

Forms: flaith, flatho, flatha, ardlathi, flathae, flaith, ḟlatha, flatha, flaithe, flaitheadh, flath, saerlatha, flathae, ardlathi, f., f., inis, Flaithniad, Flaithri, flaithgil, Flaithgile

n i, f. (cf. W. gwlad `land'). O.Ir. n s. ind flaith , Thes. ii 295.12 . g s. inna flatho , Wb. 9d2 . Ml. 137b5 . AU 749 . flatha, Ml. 90a5 . n p. ardlathi, Wb. 1a3 . g p. flathae, Fél. Nov. 27 . Later also masc. in sense II. flaith, g s. an ḟlatha (ó chiort), na flatha (ó chanamhuin), n a p. flaithe, g p. flaitheadh, IGT, Decl. § 91 (g p. flath proscribed as incorrect, ex. 1639 ). Initial f sometimes omitted in MSS. when lenited: Wb. 1a3 . 30d4 . 31a3 ; saerlatha, BB 362b29 (= Dinds. 21 ). Cf. énlaith.

I

(a) lordship, sovereignty, rule: f.¤ ┐ brithemnacht, Ml. 133c10 . combad and nogabad f.¤ (gl. tunc adeptus imperium) 113c7 . tairṅgire flatho dia chlaind som, 137b5 . cartach a f.¤ his rule is a rule of love LU 3404 ( SCC 18 ). tāthut bithlaith lasin Ríg, LL 50a33 ( Hail Brigit § 26 ). ó gabais Ailill ... f.¤ since A. began to reign TBFr. § 4 ( LL 248b10 ). is amlaid domel Conchobar a f.¤ enjoys his sovereignty LU 4858 = domeil C. in rigi, TBC-LL¹ 867 . gabais Cormac f.¤ fer nhEirenn ZCP viii 314.6 . tocart Fiacha Cormac a flaith Temra F. ejected C. from the lordship of Temair ib. 8 . dí bliadain f.¤ in maicc maith reign Arch. Hib. ii 84 (LL) = Rawl. 164a21 . isin nomad bliadain déc do f.¤ Tibir, PH 2571 . isa tossach flatha dait thy lordship is beginning ZCP viii 312.7 .

(b) kingdom, realm, esp. the kingdom of Heaven , absol. or with qualifying adj. or gen., without art.: gl. regnum [Dei] Wb. 30d4 . aromfoimfea inna laith, 31a3 . lethcholba flatha, Hy iv 9 . ledcholbe flatho, Wb. 23d31 . dollaid [ = do ḟlaith] ronsnāde slúagu, Hy v 10 . f.¤ Dé athar, Fél. Prol. 215 . d'ascnam flatha Maicc Maire, Hy v 12 . do ascnám flatha Dé, PH 7287 . hi f.¤ nime, Hy i 42 . in f.¤ nemda, PH 6095 . for dind flatha finde, Fél. May 17 . ar thir na flatha findi, ACL iii 311.28 (these two exx. may belong to II). pl. cet[h]oir flathae duine isan centur .i. oeti ┐ soinmige, slaine ┐ sochraiti four heavens on earth ZCP iii 453.16 . Cf. .4. flatho nime, iv 234.18 . a Rí rímter flaithi (` lords, princes '), Fél. Prol. 286 ; Fél. Ep. 46 , may belong to this. Cf. dorīme an Mac | aite ile lasin nAthair, ICM § 3 Anecd. i 51 .

II Applied to persons, in O. Ir. fem., Mid. Ir. also masc. (later regularly masc.; exceptions are rare, see IGT, Decl . cited above). don f.¤ ionḟuair, TD 31.4 . feirinnsgne ... flaith: ... an flaith as cóir ann, IGT, Introd. § 21 . A ruler, prince: f.¤ .i. tighearna, O'Cl. is torbach du popul f.¤ firian leu, Ml. 90b11 . is bésad inna flatho doem e[t] dofich, Wb. 9d2 . tiugḟ.¤ Med last prince of the Medes LL 131a11 = Trip. 534.4 . Eochaidh M., f.¤ clann bhFiacrach, Lism. L. 4751 . as treisi f.¤ fiora a prince is stronger than subjects Hugh Roe² 26.5 (f. 14b) (for the proverb see also 2 flaith). do thuit mac na flatha ... Oisin `O., the prince's son' Duan. F. ii 174 § 5 . Of Deity: a ḟ.¤ síl Adaim!, Ériu vi 115 . pl. ro-creitset ardlathi in betho, Wb. 1a3 . atbath borg tromm Temra | la tairthim a flathe, Fél. Prol. 166 . In Irish social organization a chief, lord, applied to the various degrees of `aire' subordinate to the `rí'; for qualifications of the f.¤ see Laws ii 200 ff ., ZCP xiv 337 , Laws v 440 , Críth G. p. 91 . f.¤ ┐ aithech `lord and vassal' Thes. ii 238.12 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). flaith fria aicgillne a lord with his bond-tenants (one of the recognized social connexions), Laws ii 344.2 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 3 ). is i lanamnacht athfegthair itir in flaith ┐ a cheile ib. Laws ii 344.10 Comm . secht ngraid flatha; flaith fria haicillni; aire desa, ... aire ard, etc. v 24.10 . f.¤ athuigh (one whose father had not been a chief) Laws ii 200.21 . f.¤ ciniuil coir athur ┐ senathur (one whose father and grandfather had been chiefs) 202.24 . cor moga cen a f.¤ contract of a serf without his lord i 50z (one of the soluble contracts). dlegair i cuibrind rīg raith | brethem is fili is f.¤ , ACL iii 223.20 . co maccaib flaithi fer nErenn sons of the Irish chiefs BDD 20 . Etáin boí ocon dáil ... forsna flathi E. was dispensing (drink) to the lords LU 10894 . romarbsat riogha ... rioghdamhna ┐ rioghflatha Erenn, Cog. 42.10 . i n-éadach flaithe tuaithe a district chief (ranking next to `ollam' and `rí') Keat. ii 1919 . FÍR FLATHA, see 1 fír. Transf. of a preeminent person: Tadg f.¤ na sgol, TD 32.54 . ar lorg na flaithe forasda fiorfoghlama J. B. Bossuet, Luc. Fid. 181.10 (the use of f.¤ with fem. adj. in gs. is proscribed as incorrect IGT, Decl. § 91 ).

COMPDS.

(a) with nouns, expressing preeminence or exalted quality usually chief—, princely, lordly: ¤bendacht the blessing of lordship (i.e. good rule?) ZCP viii 560 . ¤bile: flaithbhile Fáil `princely champion' TD 9.17 . ¤br(i)ugaid a chieftain hospitaller (i.e. of chieftain rank): Eoghan flathbrughaid, Acall. 1875 . flathbriugaid, CRR 23 . flaithbrucchaidh, AFM iii 492.1 (` farmer '). ¤chenn: flaithcenn thíre Fiachrach ` chief ' AFM iii 604.9 . ¤einech `princely honour' Caithr. CC § 5 . ¤ fénnid chief and warrior: in flaithféindidh Find, Acall. 19 . imon fflaith-feindidh Conainn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 78 . ¤goba a chieftain smith: co tech Lochain flaithgobann, RC v 200.25 . ¤inis lordly isle: L. Cl. A. B. 142.87 . ¤nia a prince and hero: frega f., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 26.12 = IT iii 39 § 30 . As npr. m.: Rawl. 141b30 (s.o. Nia). 151b3 . AU 714 , 754 , 805 . f. Rawl. 123.21 (dau. of Forannān), gen. Flaithniad, Rawl. 159a27 . 161a35 . ¤niadh, AU 754 . 771 . 780 . 782 . ¤nia, Rawl. 120b3 . AU 811 . ¤rí: Fergal ... f. sluagach sil Eogain, SR 2360 . f. Conacht, Ériu v 234 . As npr. m. Flaithri, AFM 836 . IGT, Decl. § 112 . Keat. ii 5256 . gen. mac Flaithri , AU 791 . Rawl. 153b1 . ¤rí, Keat. ii 5291 . See also flaithrí. ¤ruire ` high-prince ' Metr. Dinds. iv 320 .

(b) rarely with adj.: ua ¤foclach Fergusa of kingly speech (epithet of Colum Cille) ZCP x 340 . ¤gel: g s m. ind Rig flaithgil ` bright-realmed ' Fél. Ep. 239 . As npr. m., Flaithgel AU 792 . Flaithgheal, AFM 788 . Cf. gen. Flaithgile , Rawl. 160a5 (m.) .

¤ólach feasting like a chief (?) Keat. Poems 794 .

1 fochla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fochla or dil.ie/22446
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ḟochlai, fochli, ḟochla, Fochla, fochla, fochlai, fochlu, fochla, -dha, fochlu

n io, n. g s. ind ḟochlai , AU 913 (i 428) . ind fochli , 821 . ind ḟochla , LL 134b31 . ind Fochla , AU 865. d s. usually fochla or fochlai, see exx. below; fochlu, LL 124b40 . BDD 74 Y (ḟocluí LU). Laws iv 338.15 . A compd. of fo + clé `left' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 68 , hence

I The North (cf. faitse, and W. gogledd `North,' ZCP xiv 323 ), esp. the North of Ireland: f.¤ an tuascert, Corm. Y 654 . a fochlai Erend ō Tuaig Inbir RC xiii 222.33 (= a tuaiscert lethe Erenn, O'Curry, MS. Mat. 473 ). Níal ind ḟ.¤ N. of the North Todd Nenn. 252 ( LL 134b31 ). ri Ulad ... hi cetlud rig Fochla (i.e. the king of Ailech), Ériu v 232.25 (i c. fri fochlai v.l.). roslat uile longportu Gall (.i. airir ind Fochla) etir cenel nEugain ┐ Dal nAraide, AU 865 . sloghedh la Flann ... isa f.¤ cor innred leis Ardd Macha, 881 (= isin F.¤ , AFM 879 ). sloghadh isin F.¤ la Donnchad, AU 770 . The name was also given to territories in N. Meath, see Hog. Onom., and in Clare, Top. Poems 112.5 (= Carney, Butler Poems 1377 ) and n . Cf. gaibthiut co firu fochlae i faitse, Rawl. 132a16 (= foichle hi foidse, Ériu iii 137.74 ).

II Transf.

(a) the seat of honour in a king's or chief's hall; perhaps an earlier use than the follg., pointing to a primitive arrangement like that in the old Icelandic house, where the seat of honour was in the middle of the northern bench facing south. Cf. Laws iv 338.15 (describing arrangement of a king's banqueting-hall): cuslennaigh ... a n-airt[h]iur ḟoitsi. isinn leth eliu a fochlu fénnid `his champion's seat' (`on the other side, in the north, a man at arms', MacNeill PRIA xxxvi C 16. 306 , see n . ib.; Plummer suggests reading: isin leth chliu a fochlu feinnid[a] `on the left is his champion's seat (MS. notes s.v.). Binchy, Críth G. 591 , prints: ailiu, i fochlu, which agrees with MacNeill's rendering, but compare the exx. of f.¤ feinneda below). i nairt[h]iur fochlai `on the east side of the champion's seat' ib. (= Críth G. 597 , `in the north-east' Vocab. s.v. airther). f.¤ nomen do suidhe na flatha, Corm. Y 656 . f.¤ didiu cach suidiu n-a[i]rechda, 698 . fochlu ... nomen primsuidhe ina himda, O'Dav. 841 (citing Corm. Y 698 , see (b) below). ar síul ar belaib fochlu .i. ar crann siu[i]l ┐ i n-airidhiu ib. f.¤ fó .i. suidhe flatha no tighearna, O'Cl. In older literature, however, the name seems to have been given not to the king's (or chief's) seat but to that of his champion or chief man at arms; hence generally called f.¤ fénneda (possibly in these exx. the word is of different origin; cf. 2 fochla). [f]ochla (féinneadh), IGT, Decl. § 2 (m.; n p. fochla, -dha). It seems to have been usually opposite the king's seat; dobrethsat póca do Choin Culainn ┐ rafucsat leo dond ḟochlai ḟennida, RC xiv 426x . ra innis [Cú Chulainn] do Chonchobur ┐ sé san ḟochlai ḟennida na ḟiadnaisi, LL 263b12 ( MU² 229 ; the pron. sé presumably refers to Cú Chulainn). dochonnairc C. raet rob ingnad leis isin tigh n-ola .i. ingen ... isin [ḟ]ochla ḟéinned, Acall. 3251 . isind fhoclúi féinnida in tige fri enech ríg isind leith anall BDD 74 U (ḟochlu Y). Later heroic romance speaks of more than one f.¤ fénneda: tainic Ferccus ┐ do thóccaibh [sic leg.] a arma os a chionn isin ḟ.¤ ḟeinnidh ┐ tainic M. isin f.¤ ḟeinnidh oile ar ionchaibh Ferccusa, ITS v 84.9 (cf. isin fochla thuaiscertach tige ib. 6 ). san f.¤ fheinned a n-imdaid na hursand ... san fh.¤ fheinned isan iar[sh]lis ar a n-agaid, Celt. Rev. i 296 . See also cit. from O'Cl. under 2 fochla. Cf. fuaim iar fochlu (= fame according to precedence in valour or dignity ? throughout the north ?) LL 124b40 (chev.). Fig. of a champion: fo fer Fergus ... f.¤ do rígaib mac Rosa, Celt. Rev. ii 20 . Cf. flaith .i. fochla, Thr. Ir. Gl. 19 ( LB 267a12 ). This not in Corm. Y or M, and is perhaps corrupt. In: fochlu .i. feinnidh, O'Dav. 841 , the latter word is probably gen. depending on fochlu.

(b) Incorrectly interpreted by glossators as the warrior's seat in a chariot ( Ériu xxi 94-98) : bátar sinde riadatar a fochlai fria faitsi .i. do suidhiu ind erred isin charput as nomen a fochlae, Corm. Y 698 s.v. gaire. O'Dav. 841 .

1 foglaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 foglaid or dil.ie/22747

Forms: foglada, foghlaidh, faghlaid, foghladh, foghlaidhe, foghlaidhedh, foghladh, foghlaidhe, -aighe, fogluighe

n i, m. (fogal) g s. foglada, LL 148a13 TBC-I¹ 2354 . n s. foghlaidh faghlaid g s., id. and foghladh, n a p. foghlaidhe g p. foghlaidhedh, foghladh, IGT. Decl. § 52 . In later lang. also foghlaidhe, -aighe; d s. fogluighe, Laws i 206.12 Comm.

One who commits depredations; a plunderer, reaver, used in a wide sense, of vagrants, outlaws, chiefs, etc., often meaning little more than a man at arms , see TD ii 194 n . troethad foglaide `let him put down robbers' Tec. Corm. § 2.7 . ni ba foss foglaide `do not be the servant of robbers' § 19.18 . bás foglada (.i. gadaighe), Triads 92 (one of the three deaths which are better than life). cách fénnid ┐ cach f.¤ dodeochaid asa tir dobered si ór ... dóib ar cungnam risna D., LU 4444 . loingsech no fogluid no feinniuth, O'Curry 879 (< H 3.18 p. 394a ). Labhraidh .. faghlaidh (fadlaig v.l.) fri fuam fairge, IT iii 40 § 35 (ein plündernder Held Bruchst. i § 2 ). ni bia commus for f.¤ .. ┐ genaid cach fer araile, LU 9748 . is cuid foglada acumsa it is an outlaw's portion for me TBC-I¹ 2354 . mac ind ḟoglada icond ulc | o phurt do phurt tiar is tair, Ériu ix 49 § 33 . ro croch ┐ ro mharbh ... meirleacha, ┐ bithbenacha ┐ foghladha Erenn, Cog. 136z . atat tri foglaide oc mo fogail, Mon. Tall. § 39 . na tri foglaigi robatar for ar fogail-ne, IT ii 176.70 . rachait faghlaidh a chille bás obann the spoilers of his church Acall. 1851 . is f.¤ selba cach micorach `he is a plunderer of the land who makes a bad contract respecting it' Laws i 202.4 . sé céad foghluidhe ag argain Éireann, Keat. ii 3770 . S. mac Iarla D. do bheith ina f[h]oghlaidh aisttreach, AFM v 1748 . ceand foghladh ┐ díbearccach ḟer nEreann, 1706.3 . dorónadh foslongphort lasna foghladhaibh (of the clans which took part in the revolt of James Eustace in 1580) 1736.11 . Passing into sense enemy: ba f.¤ dond ḟéin, LL 203a30 = Ériu v 222 . foglaig do Moel Ochtraig fo choill, Ériu v 36 . mairg as fhaghluidh ... dho, Dán Dé xxviii 44 . foghluidh Dé (of Satan) A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 9 . faghlaidh (: adhbhaidh) Toighe an Trir, L. Cl. A. B. 223 .

See 2 foglaige.

Compds. banfoglaid, O'Mulc. 640 . fearḟoghlaidh, Todd Lect. iv 100.6 .

1 frecarthach, frecarach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 frecarthach, frecarach or dil.ie/24257
Last Revised: 2019

adj o-ā (frecra(e))

responsive, quick to answer (a question or challenge); obedient : file fáobhrach freagarthach, IGT, Decl. ex. 17 ( DDána 254 ). ropsat fraechda ... freagarthacha a fénnid , YBL 308b34 ( MR 224y ). do bheth modhamhaill freagarach da bparentaibh, Adtimchiol 186b1 . Conall ... garbhfreagarthach YBL 303a53 ( MR 150 ).

(b) corresponding (to), a counterpart: fregartach Guaire im ghartaibh, ZCP viii 109 § 11 . grus lasin nGaedel ni fil a fregarthach sidhe lasin Laitneoir (= there is no Latin word corresponding to it) Auraic. 1085 . cenela cloch do nā fuilet frecarthaich icon Laitneoir, 1090 .