Search Results

Your search returned 65 result(s).

2 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithnid or dil.ie/2762
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aithnigid, aithintigid

v (2 aithne). Also aithnigid, aithintigid. Replaces earlier ad-gnin, q.v. IGT Verbs § 54 .

(a) knows (usually of a process rather than a state), comes to know, realizes, understands: inti nach aithnenn amail gebtar in athgabail, Laws i 84.25 Comm. ni aicnebhad . . . nech a dliged fein, 156.5 Comm. = ní aichénadh, O'D. 505 ( H 3.17, 410 - 411 ). ? seoit ag na haicinter lacht ┐ gnimrad, iii 380.16 Comm. `? `seds' from which there is no expectation of milk . . .', Plummer MS. notes. atiur-sa breithir nach raichnea . . . sluag acallma Ulad that you cannot know (= will not find) a host to equal the U., TBC-LL¹ 5087 . bail . . . i n-aichenad in lín do rigaib . . . rogenfed uait, Aen. 1429 . nir' aithned dia sloghuibh beith for eilifaintibh riam co sin `riding on elephants had not been known to', Marco P. 115 . anois aithnim an t-iul díreach, DDána 25a.24 . ? gnāth a gnato .i. ēolchaigim nō aichtigim (for aichnigim?), Corm. Y 706 .

(b) recognises, knows (i.e. at sight, immediately) (person, thing etc.): corom aichnistar iaraim, LU 3674 ( SCC § 32 ). in aithnechta madh cethea in iaraidh sin?, ZCP v 501.33 (= inn-dathgnitae, IT i 144.21 ). aithéontar misi let mar sin you will recognise me, Ériu v 184.379 . dia n-aichintigtís a ecosc, TTr.² 1663 . ni haithenntaigi iat sech aroile, Stair Erc. 1817 . do athain C. guth an pecthaigh, BNnÉ 152 § 20 . da fechain an aitheonadh an Papa a legend fen, ZCP x 236.14 . rabhad rogaisi d'ógaib aichénus `a warning of wisdom to the youths who will recognise it', MR 302.14 . an ro athinset lucht na cille dia ccrudh `such part of their cattle as the people . . . were able to recognise', AFM iii 288.15 .

With AR introducing characteristic or mark by which something is recognised: trí ara n-aichnider cech fergach, Triads 188 . ar Thadhg aithintear gur fhíor / sgéala an draoi, Aithd. D. 10.21 . aithnimíd ar a siobhal iad, Desid. 1844 . aichnid fora eirread co mba filid, FDG 595 .

(c) recognises, perceives, notices (a fact, state of affairs): ra rímit ┐ ra harmit ┐ ra achnít cor batar cutrumma it was realized that they were equal, TBC-LL¹ 69 . in firinde aithnighit na baoith . . . ┐ na gaoith, O'Dav. 156 . ní aithnim fós go bhfuair mé / síothcháin, Dán Dé xvii 31 . gur aithneas t'olcas d'fhior chumainn `till I saw how evil a companion thou wert', Dán Dé xix 10 . baoghal orm-sa má aithnionn `if he see me in danger', Content. ix 29 . éagcóir do haithneadh oraibh it is clear that you have suffered injustice, DDána 68.6 . vn. (from aithnigid): do chuindchid na cenn dia n-aithniugud, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 54 § 10 . mar is āil leat a thuigsin agas a aithniughadh, Carswell 1249 . do chum thusa dhā aithniughadh, 2582 . is é fundameint, agus tossach na muinigin is jonchurtha jn n’Dia é féjn aithniughadh?, Adtimchiol 3 § 14 .

ar-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-gair or dil.ie/4132
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aragur, argair, aringair, -urgair, arangairet, aranggairtís, aurgair, airgaired, -airgara, -aridgarad, argerat, ar-gart, argairt, -argart, ararogart, as-rogart, ararograd, arrograd, airgairid, airgarthae, airgaire

v (* air-gair-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 534 ) Indic. pres. 1 s. aragur (argaire v.l.), Ériu ii 200 § 17 . 3 s. argair, aringair, Ml. 27c21 . -urgair, Laws iv 54.15 . 3 pl. arangairet, Wb. 1d7 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. aranggairtís, LU 1695 . Ipv. 2 s. aurgair, Irish Texts i 16 § 48 . 3 s. airgaired, Tec. Corm. § 2.8 . Subj. pres. 3 s. -airgara, Wb. 2c18 . Subj. impf. 3 s. -aridgarad, Sg. 72b6 . Fut. 3 pl. argerat, Ml. 121b8 . Pret. 3 s. ar-gart, Ml. 55c1 . argairt, Thes. ii 335.2 . -argart, Wb. 31c25 ; Ml. 53d9 . Perf. 3 s. ararogart, Wb. 5c23 . ? With as- for ar-: as-rogart, Metr. Dinds. iv 156.134 . Perf. pass. sg. ararograd, Wb. 3c25 . arrograd, 9b13 .

Later as simple verb airgairid.

Part. airgarthae. Cf. airgart.

Vn. airgaire.

(a) forbids, hinders, prevents: amal arrograd descad fo bairgin i sollumun, Wb. 9b13 . cach réit ararogartsom do nebdénum, Wb. 5c23 . na comaccobor ararograd i rect, 3c25 . ergair do mac, a Ioseph, Ériu xviii 10 § 4 . ailid cac otrus humus(a) . . . aragair eslane `which prevents sickness', BCrólige 45 . arrogart P. ina hindsa-so, Laws v 434.1 (= O'Dav. 128 ). astad caich in[a] sochar . . . argair bailiuth in betha, Laws i 50.30 . aatat a tri . . . aragairet re cuairt duinebad, 28 . in lucht ar ar urguir dliged dul a rathaighis, v 226.35 Comm. as do suide ata `forcongair nad urgair', iv 54.15 . ma urgairter a lecan . . . munar forcongrad ┐ mun[a] urccaire[d], v 194.27 Comm. forcongair a fine ar belaib eclasa nadh urghuir a fhlaith, 342.7 Comm. ? aritgair ní cluass ┐ aicsi, O'Dav. 31 . níram irgaire ar C. do not hinder me, LL 12853 . arogart in séitig orguin P., Trip.² 2713 . co n-aurgairedh in fairrge ┐ ni tuidhcedh tairis, Dinds. 125 ( RC xvi 77 ). cach ní roergair uile everything that he forbade, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.76 . ? ni aurgair feil is firinde , O'Curry 1746 ( 23 Q 6, 32 ) = ni aurgaire feil fiss firinde .i. nocha nurgair a firinne imin mbreithemain fis fo aill na nguai, 432 (H 3.18, 234b).

a.¤ x di y hinders y in the matter of x: cia aridrogart (sic leg., edd.) dím sa do guidi siu `though he had forbidden me to pray to thee', Ml. 132a10 . ni bói ni aridgarad de, Sg. 72b6 . ? argair gnímu de adbsib airbrib aidblib aidbsib (.i. ro ergair . . . in molad, etc. no ro ergart gnimu Dé), LU 770 (ACC). ní argara itid díob `as much as quenches their thirst', Mon. Tall. 147.25 (§ 53) . atá lánamnus aragair in brathair diaraili, O'Dav. 94 .

In sense checks, is a match for: argair fichit fand mo chomraic / lór do tríchait trian mo gaili my weakest fighting is a match for twenty, LU 10273 . argair .c. mo chomairche my protection is a match for a hundred, 10275 . frisin coin móir nád n-árgarad, LU 5703 (= narnargarad, TBC-I¹ 1229 ). nochon etarsa indiu / . . . / loech na hurgarad (sic leg.) Cano, Anecd. i 3. 19 ( SCano 63 ). torc atchiu argair gabair, Auraic. 5230 .

(b) Extended applications: argairt . . . cáercha .i. roingair she herded, Thes. ii 335.2 . is cumma argaire[d] cac mboin `equally he would herd every cow', Dinds. 98 ( RC xvi 49 ). is úar fri cloï ṅgaeíthe / do neoch in-gair (ar-gair v.l.) Bū Aīfe, Fing. R. 127 . rom ergair Findchóem brought me up, LU 10302 . cid . . . / argair cechn-ahél athrial / sair siar, etc. what regulates the direction of every wind(?), SR 7935 . ? ceatharda arudgair in focul is mell-breatha, O'Curry 2360 ( Eg. 88, 28(29)a ). Cf. in-gair.

as-dingaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-dingaib or dil.ie/4426

 

v = as-ingaib: asingaib fir fitha .i. essdingbaither de in fer ui[l] air do reir firinde , O'Curry 425 (H 3.18, 232a) = esingbaider, Laws v 496.8 Comm. Cf. O'Dav. 1131 .

augtartás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. augtartás or dil.ie/4993

 

Forms: augtardás

n o, m. (Lat. auctoritas). Later also augtardás, -rrás (augtarda). authority, prescriptive right, authoritative source: augtortas apstalachte inso, Wb. 14b2 . ní im augtortás féin ramídar gl. in nomine Domini nostri, 9b5 . auctartas, Mon. Tall. 157.14 (§ 73) . is disiu rogabsat Bret[hain] augtardas ┐ Gōidil (of the origin of the tonsure), O'Mulc. 726 . éolaigh ┐ [lucht] úghdairrais (ughdartais, auchtarais v.ll.), CCath. 296 . in tráth rochula (sic) in popal in n-augtartas-sain, LL 229b42 (`that opinion', TTr. 931 ). is e augtartas (auctarthas v.l.) filidechta na ṅGóedel origin(?), IT iii 31.9 . ar cach augtarras dogni som is misi no scribad uad . . . he authoritative utterance, YBL 165b39 . inandus célli ┐ fírinde n-augtarrais, LB 232b35 . a n-úghdarás do chum smachtaighthe, Desid. 1988 . úghdardhás do thabhairt do thuata, 3733 . atá ughdarrás ag gach nós díobh so, TSh. 5294 . a h-ughdarrás an phrionnsa, AFM vi 1912.10 . na minighthe ┐ na hughdurais bheca tucus duit citing of authorities(?), Smaointe B. Chr. 6033 . Ref. to specific authorities, books: ind esergi dianid ainm isind a.¤ prestrigia, LU 2703 . is ic a aisneis-sin atberair isin augtortas, PH 4003 . isin augtarrás, 6965 . ni phfilet do reir inn ugdardais, Auraic. 3379 .

Authorship: cid ara curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid? (of Psalms), Hib. Min. 4.128 .

2 caín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 caín or dil.ie/7788
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cáein, -i, caoin

Subst. use of 1 caín. cáein f. (g s. and n p. -i), IGT Decl. § 14 . smooth finished side; esp. the outer surface of a wall etc.: madh glan an corp don taoibh thall / ball ar a chaoin níor locht liom, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . mar chaoin mbuabhall as bhreac fiodh / breac nuabharr gach taoibh don teagh, DDána 119.36 . a caoin amach mar mheamram, Ériu v 60.12 . caoin gach buinne dhuinn darach, 62.3 . do teilgeadh caoin do chlach gcuir / don taoibh a-mach dod múraibh, Measgra D. 56.11 . do chaoin uaighfidh re t'eascaoin, 132 . siridh c.¤ in maighi, Lism. L. 2895 . fót fírinde . . . intan adberad firindi do-chuireadh a chain súas, Folklore iv 483 (Edinburgh Dinds. § 64 ). in fer atbered gaí . . . / ós chaín in ḟóit, Metr. Dinds. iv 168.22 . deargaidh chaoin seanMhuighe Sléacht / sgeamhghaire chéacht re taoibh dtrácht, Magauran 1661 . fri leth C. c.¤ in tsléibe / . . . is a hescaín . . . / fri leth M., Metr. Dinds. iii 308.77 . Of hair: dath an chróigh ar caoin a trillse, Magauran 3098 . caoin a surface, rind , Eg. Gl. 142 . Of skin, membrane , etc.: an cain uachtarrach . . . no in cain iachtarach, O'Curry 305 ( H 3.18, 167 ). in cain ichtarach, O'D. 834 ( H 3.17, 595 ). bidh in sicne . . . a leanmain don chain meadhonaigh, Irish Texts v 4.12 . See Ériu xii 130 - 31 (BCrólige), Ériu lii 209 n. 323 .

Fig. a dhealbh Mhíchíl . . . / cuir dá-ríribh riom do chaoin grant me thy full favour, Aithd. D. 97.37 . an fhuil ríogh re raibhe a heasgaoin / . . . do chuir caoin a ratha rú, PBocht 10.22 . cuin bhias i (? = a) gcaoin ré chéile `when shall they unite?' Dán Dé xi 3 . nach bia ar gcaoin-ne re a chéile, DDána 7.16 . is ródhall gach aon nách tuig / gur is-tigh atá do chaoin, Measgra D. 27.48 . firchain fáilti a hearty welcome, TFerbe 83 .

claíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. claíne or dil.ie/9339

 

n , f. (cláen)

(a) unevenness, crookedness, slant, stoop(?): for fonnad cen chul .i. for carpat cen chlaine, LL 24569 . it é teóra anmi fil for mnaib Ulad .i. cluíne ┐ minde ┐ guille, LU 3256 ( SCC 5 `crookedness', Gloss. a stoop(?) ). gan chaime gan claeine (of a well-aimed cast), IT ii2 139 n. 10 . ges do colladh claine cind `with head inclined', Leb. Cert. 12.9 . an iall gan chlaoine `straight', Aithd. D. 81.7 .

(b) Of eyes, squinting, squint: cua ainm na claine isin tsengaidilc, TBC-I¹ 2611 . cen chloeine na suilib acht amal no betis fri grein, LB 127b42 .

(c) Of hair, waviness(?): meisde th'fholt cam a chlaoine / gan locht ann acht an fhéire `only too lissom is thy wavy hair', Aithd. D. 11.17 . ar chlaoine i gceibh `in the flowing of her hair', Magauran 999 .

(d) the name of a metrical fault (see cláen): ar lochduibh . . . mur atá cáoiche, no cláoine, IGT Introd. 2.25 .

In n.loc.. Ua Dúnáin Dhomhnaigh Maighe Dá Claoíne, AFM v 1290.y (an. 1507) (`of the two slopes', O'Donovan).

Fig. in moral sense, iniquity, perversion, wickedness; bias; in pl. evil deeds: do cach ceneoli cloine gl. iniquitati, Wb. 3b25 . sóifitir i clóini gl. in omni seductione iniquitatis, 26a21 . hi lloc á cloine gl. in locum . . . iniquitatum suarum, Ml. 28a10 . ni ba cián ṁbete oca cloinib, ibid. arinní gnís in peccad ┐ i mbí . . . in chlóine, 29b11 . con rancatar huaisletaid cloine son gl. ad summum impietatis, 90d20 . ba sab indarbai clóine (of Patrick), Thes. ii 314.6 ( Hy. ii 23 ). scarad frisin clóini, Fél. Ep. 424 . do mórath cecha firinde. Do dinsim cecha clóine, Hib. Min. 327 . do cosc gacha claine, Laws i 8.19 . issed is [ ] leisin cenn, caendirgud a memor don claine for atait `error', iii 34.26 Comm. ní bus dír clóine anything to which (the word) iniquity might be applied(?), Ériu ii 202 § 17 (bes cil ┐rl, v.l.). ar bélaib ríg na claíni (sc. the Devil), LU 2416 . dlighidh claoíne cuindreach iniquity calls for chastisement, Ériu xiii 22.5 . forsna rigu . . . bite co cloine ina pecthaib perversity, PH 6230 . fá fhreagradh a gcúis i gcúirt gan chlaoine, Keat. Poems 916 . ? a ndiuide nó a gciuineas nó a gclaoine, 835 (`disinclination', Gloss.). Attrib. g s. soiri domnaig . . . gan gnim cloini, Anecd. iii 21.5 .

columa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. columa or dil.ie/10548
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: colum, colamain, columan, colún, cholumasin, colamu, colomain, columna, colamain, cholomain, columu, colamhuin, columan, columain, colún, colamain, cholomain, cholūin, cholaman, columna, colamna, colamain, collamhuin, Coloman, colomna, columna, coloman, columan, columa, colomnaib, colamhnaibh, cCollamhnach

n n, f. Later also m. colum, Fél. 66.11 . Later colamain, columan, colún m. (Lat. columna? columen?). n s. conid hi in cholumasin . . . , LB 158a50 . colamu, a39 . colamhuin dhaingion, Mac Aingil 5340 . a s. colomain móir, LU 1923 (ICM). g s. na columna medonchi, PH 6356 . d s. 'na colamain coimhdirigh, CCath. 4201 . n du. dí cholomain , LL 3133 . As m. n s. columu tenntide, Three Hom. 66.3 . an colamhuin , Parrth. Anma 5580 . a s. in columan , BNnÉ 71 § 122 . columain mór, § 121 . colún, Stair Erc. 2158 . g s. an colamain , BNnÉ 71 § 122 . in cholomain , Fl. Earls 134.18 . in cholūin , 216.25 . d s. annsa cholaman , BNnÉ 71 § 122 . n p. columna, Fianaig. 88.16 . colamna, Corm. Y 322 . colamain, O'D. 590 ( H 3.17, 447 ). collamhuin, CRR² 29 (86.6) . Coloman, Hy Fiach. 172.3 . a p. colomna, TBC-I¹ 3135 . columna, PH 4125 . g p. coloman, Fianaig. 78.5 . columan, CCath. 4776 . columa, Alex. 578 . d p. colomnaib, LU 2005 ( FA 7 ). colamhnaibh, RC xliii 16 § 9 . Note also g p. na cCollamhnach , CRR² 19 .

(a) column, pillar, prop : atracht c.¤ tenntide dia cind (columna ignis), Lat. Lives 71.y . na colomna cloch filet i ndorsib na rígráth, MU² 379 . ic columhain criadh ná a liubhur annálta `column of clay', CCath. 1612 . a cliath do torrachtain ar treise, a comobair ar cuicthe, a colamain ar dechmaidh `the uprights of a hurdle(?)' (Plummer MS notes), O'D. 590 ( H 3.17, 447 ). c.¤ roard . . . ┐ nocho chuirend foscud uaithi i llo in griantairisme ṡámruta, ZCP xvii 229.24 . cethir chét c.¤ . . . oc a fulang (of a house), Alex. 578 . c.¤ niúil i llou ┐ c.¤ tenntigi i n-oidche, PH 1714 - 15 . sé fan gcrois 'n-a cholamhuin (of the upright of the Cross), DDána 23.16 . colamhain, a colony (leg. column), a pillar, Eg. Gl. 144 . In n.loc, of the Pillars of Hercules : o rían Deprofane an-air | síar [co] colomnaib Herccail 'from the sea of Taprebane westwards to the Pillars of Hercules', SR (Greene) 2643 . co hIndsi Orcc ┐ co Colomna Hercoil, TBC-I² 3583 .

Fig. (b) Of warriors, champion, defender, support , particularly in term colomain na Temrach (see Knott, Ériu xiv 144 ff.): na deich cēt . . . curad . . . ro bātar columna na Temrach, Fianaig. 88.16 . do Cholomnaib na Temrach, LL 19535 . co colomnaib Crohinni, 29164 . collamhuin congmhála ┐ laoich goile, CRR² 29 . Ui Flannghaile ┐ O Tarpaigh, Coloman na Sgríne, Hy Fiach. 172.3 . lucht mar cholumhna Chláir Bhreagh (of the crew of the Argo), DDána 107.35 . As territorial designation: bodhith do thiachtain a seacht colamhnaibh ┐ i primhphortaibh na Temhrach, RC xliii 16 § 9 .

(c) More generally, supporter, upholder : saoglonn .i. brithem ┐ senoir ┐ columna, ut dicitur: Saoglonn brithemh, buan a blad, / saoglonn senōir sīr-saoglach, / saoglonn cech rī fora dū, / ┐ saoglonn columnu, O'Mulc. 857 . saeghlonn .i. seanoir no colomna, O'Dav. 1424 . colomnaib .i. ollum, ut est, . . . columan breithem, buan a blad, O'Curry 569 (H. 3.18, 284). colamhuin dhaingion dhoibhrisdi na fírinde (of the Church), Mac Aingil 5340 . colamhain ┐ firminte na fírinne ( 1 Timothy iii 15 ), TSh. 3269 . seise suadh colamhain cliar the support of the learned, Ó Bruad. iii 54.1 . colamain na heglaisi mar tá Ambrós Augustín . . . , Ó Héodhusa 41.1 .

(d) Of divisions of time: colamna āis .i. aimsera āis .i. naoidendacht ┐ macdacht, gillacht ┐ ōglachass . . . , Corm. Y 322 . os tussu a mmo sruith can dollod. Ni handsa. Iar colomnaib aíse .i. iar colomnaib sé áes in duni, LL 24333 - 4 ( RC xxvi 18.32 ).

comalnad (-ll-)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comalnad (-ll-) or dil.ie/10712

 

Forms: comailliud

n u, m. Later also comailliud. vn. of comalnaithir. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 174 . act of fulfilling, completing, performing, carrying into effect; fulfilment : a forchongair do ch.¤ , Wb. 5c23 . re comallnad rechto, 2c15 . oc c.¤ soscéli, 7b19 . inna ch.¤ `for completing it' (a race), 11a4 . tre ch.¤ et intsamil neich dogniam-ni, 16a25 . a ch.¤ et a precept is hé deimnigud soscéli, 23a25 . aní dodesta di ch.¤ cæsta crist domsa gl. impleo ea quae desunt passionum Christi, 26d8 . comallad inna firinne sin, Ml. 94b3 . a comallada (gl. euentús), 122d4 . in comallad gl. exhibitio, 14c14 . ar comaldnad a ingill `for the sake of fulfilling his vow', Mon. Tall. 146.17 . i llobud do chana .i. cin a comalladh, Laws i 172.19 Comm. do chomailliud fástine, LU 1415 . do chomallad a n-orgni dodeochatár, 7789 (BDD). comollud recta, LL 343b48 . fírinde a chomaillte, PH 5743 . do chomaillid Pátrig `to fulfil [the prophecy of] P.', Ériu xv 67.121 . fer comhailte tiomna Dé, BS 2.12 . fear a chomhalta, Measgra D. 24.3 . With wider connotation: nert comalti, ZCP iii 451.21 (one of the fifteen uirtutes animae).

deorata

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deorata or dil.ie/15531

 

adj (deorad) strange, foreign: d.¤ co ṅgaile, míl Eórapa uile (sic leg.) a valiant outlander, LL 182a49 . aoibh dhuine dh.¤ , TD 15.13 . gur tháith é féin . . . ré mnáibh d.¤ , TSh. 8360 .

Legal apparently impartial, unbiased: brethem bes deorada (.i. comthrom) im rad firinde , O'Curry 431 ( H 3.18 234a ). nech bus d.¤ im radha firinne inas F., 282 (151). ollam . . . indraic . . . bes d.¤ , 1607 ( 23 P 6, 5 a ). Cf. deorad compds.

dílacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílacht or dil.ie/16373

 

Forms: díllacht, -ocht

adj (dí + locht) Also díllacht, -ocht. faultless, sinless: diollacht .i. dilochd .i. gan locht, O'Cl. fiadu huas domun díllocht (.i. dillochtaigthe .i. cen locht ata Dia .i. . . . ni etar a loctugud) `the sinless Lord above the world', Thes. ii 351 ( Hy. vi 7 ) (also glossed adbullochtaighe ref. to domun). cuin is ndílocht (ndilaus̄, YBL 252b4 ) a fírinde? An taun mbís a cridhe ina tēchta when is his truth blameless (sincere)? ZCP iii 451 . fiach slan, innill, dilocht, O'Curry 60 ( H 3.18 21b ). co n-aithrige dilacht fri Dia, RC xv 489 . digded co n-athrigi dilacht, Ériu vii 160 . luid cethorchae dillacht (leg. -í-; dilecht, dilocht, v.l.) la Maxim `forty sinless ones', Fél. Nov. 19 . ? frim dúbairt la dillacht (leg. -í-) `at my earnest prayer, with sinlessness', Ep. 71 glossed .i. curab dilgadach, C; corp dilgudach, Laud 610, Fél.² p. ccvii . Cf. O'Dav. 651 : dilucht .i. dilgudach, ut est frim diubairt ba d.¤ ba umal, fial, irlotaid | diuid dīlocht ó menmain, ZCP vii 311 . nirb dillacht (diam dilochto, v.l.) ind athirge, ACL iii 316 § 42 = nirb dillacht, LB 261a61 .

discréit, discreit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. discréit, discreit or dil.ie/16798
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj (Lat. discrētus) discrete, separate: discre[i]t .i. discretus locus , Corm. Y 408 . discréit analysed as di-screit `cryless': discréit . . . .i. ni chluined screit duine in bale i ndenad a chrabud he never heard any one's cry in the place where, etc. , ACC 84 Comm. ( RC xx 266 ). Subst.

(a) distinction, differentiation: rothoirnsedar ar in n-usci na Greic gan discrit gan delugad indiscriminately , TTebe 1797 . cen deiscrit cen fírinde , BLism. 52b1 .

(b) discretion: do dheiscréid na banabbadh, Ériu xv 12 (6a) . fo dhisgréd na banabadh, 76 (82b) .

dliged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dliged or dil.ie/17034
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dlíged, dligeth, dleged, dligid, dligud, dliguth, ndliged, dligetha, dligeda, dliged, dliged, dligedaib, dligedib, dlige, dligid, dligid, dliged, dligetha, dligedaib

n o, n. n a s. dlíged, Wb. 10d16 , 19 . dligeth, Sg. 26b7 . dleged, Ml. 50d2 . g s. dligid, Wb. 3c7 , 13a29 . d s. dligud, 5d8 . Ml. 19d10 . Sg. 71a6 . dliguth, 26b7 . frisa ndliged , Wb. 23c11 . a pl. dligetha, Wb. 6a23 ; 13a29 . dligeda, Ml. 35b1 . dliged, 18c11 . g pl. dliged, 35b17 . d pl. dligedaib, Ml. 16b6 . dligedib, Sg. 193b6 . Later often dlige.

Charles-Edwards, Celtica xxiv 75-78 , proposes the following ordering for the O.Ir. senses: I (a) an individual’s entitlement, right. (i) a right in respect of fair contract as opposed to naidm ‘binding surety’. (ii) name of the second of the five paths to judgement chosen by a plaintiff who is the creditor in a contract, whereas the third path, cert, is chosen by someone arguing that the terms of a contract were unfair, Cóic Con. § 8-9 (R/E Recension) . (iii) Of the judicial settlement of a claim which follows upon the defendant’s decision to accept legal process, the right as upheld by a judicial verdict. Hence (iv) rightful state or condition. (b) (collectively) body of rights. (c) thing or action to which someone is entitled; debt, obligation. (d) g s. as attrib.: rightful. (e) As adverb: rightfully. II (Latin usage) (a) = ratio: (i) calculation (ii) argument (iii) reason (iv) grammatical process, mode or method of forming derived (v) rational order, intelligible structure (b) = sententia or dictum (sometimes ‘correct statement’ in contrast to toimtiu ‘wrong opinion’). (c) = intellectus . To which add (d) form: amal rochumtaig thall i céttustin na ndúl na curpu dermara den dligud nemaicside ┐ den dligud nemchorptha ro techtsat co hinchlithe intib na dúli dia ro tusmidea na cu[i]rp sin '… as He (God) had fashioned then in the primal creation of all the elements the vast bodies from the invisible form and from the incorporeal form which the elements out of which those bodies were generated possesed latent within them' Medium Ævum lxxviii 219 (LU 2598, Scéla na esérgi) .

I In O.Ir. Glosses in various senses of the Lat. ratio which it freq. glosses or translates ( Wb. 5d8 , cf. 24b21 , Ml. 19d1 , 27d7 , 54a4 , 111c17 , Sg. 40a7 , 61a9 , 63a9 , 75a1 , 181a8 , BCr. 3c ). Transl. ius, Ml. 98c8 , cf. Sg. 11b2 ; dictum, Ml. 35b1 . Acr. 6a1 . placitum ( maxim, rule ), Sg. 7b9 .

(a) In sense of Lat. ratio, guiding principle, law, or theory (regarded as basis of belief or action): iár ṅdligud hirisse gl. secundum rationem fidei, Wb. 5d8 . ni fel nech lasa mbed d.¤ remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ olcu, Ml. 19d2 . d.¤ buithe in boicht fo mam int sommai the principle that the poor should be under the yoke of the rich, 27d7 . ba nephimmaircide nad techtadsom d.¤ coimdemnachtae isnaib dulib doforsat gl. ut nihil iuris haberet in his quae ipse consederat, 17b6 . conna biad d.¤ n-erchissechta la dia gl. miserationis ius, 98c8 . ní coméicnigedar na d.¤ insin gl. nulla ratione cogente, Sg. 61a9 . ní chen d.¤ a nephdiall gl. non absque ratione non declinatur, 75a1 . do chloud in dligid sin view, theory, gl. ad huiusmodi depellendum errorem, Ml. 56b16 .

Hence (b) principle, rule, norm ; common in Sg. of laws of grammar, etc.: d.¤ lechtha .n. post .m. the law of the liquidation of n after m, Sg. 11b2 . d.¤ nihelsa rule of nullity, 14a2 . conforcmat d.¤ inna ṅdiuite so that they (components) preserve the law of uncompounded words, 21b4 . a nd.¤ cruthaigtheo genitensa this norm of forming the genitive, 113b3 . d.¤ rimae law of calculating, 181a8 . ised slánd.¤ salto, noichtiche col-leuth du árim i n-éscu the sound law of the leap (gl. salva ratione), BCr. 3c . dlighi gl. rhetorica, Ir. Gl. 87 .

(c) dictum, authoritative statement: ni ed a met demnigmi-ni ar ndligeda ho testimnib screptaire gl. dicta nostra, Ml. 35b1 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair (Priscian is the speaker), Sg. 26b7 . inna dligeda anúas roráitsem, Thes. ii 2.34 ( Acr. 6a1 ). dofuit im lín chéin d.¤ ndoraid, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii). atta ni forsatæt a nd.¤ sa which supports this statement (that David alone sang the psalms), Hib. Min. 5.149 . More loosely of a statement or saying in general: adrimfem . . . cech n-oin d.¤ fil in psalmis , Ml. 14d5 . trisna dligeda mrechtnichti inna aisndissen `varied expressions', 44d11 . 76a13 .

(d) reason, argument: n-armtar (sic leg.) condegdligedaib dia frithtuidecht with good reasons to oppose them gl. his obiectionibus . . . poterint armari, Ml. 16b6 . ata d.¤ ann there is reason for it, PH 5207 . ata ni do dligudh and, Anecd. ii 17.8 . in dligedchetil so gl. ratiocinationis, ZCP vii 480 ( Enchir. Aug. 71a ).

(e) reckoning, computation (?): intan as conguin dligid hua dligud ailiu `the violation of a reckoning by another reckoning' gl. de ratione (computation, referring to calendar), Sg. 181a8 .

(f) nature, condition, kind, manner: ní ó ógai tantum acht is . . . ó dligud lanamnasa the lawful state (?) of matrimony, Thes. ii 3.34 . is he sin dlige (leg. dliged) demin tresa tanic an imagin-se Crist . . . co Siria, PH 232 .

II Hence law in wide sense, of a prescript, code, or tradition based on authority of some kind and demanding obedience; `both law in general and a subjective legal right', Críth G. p. 84 . See also Cóic Con. 8 , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 13 , 16 . duni conái dligid (= dliged?) Dé, SR 449 . iar ndligud Dé, 4447 . dliged a n-ecailse, 4920 . iar ndliged rechta Moysi, PH 5110 . comedait d.¤ na fírinde diada, 4063 . iar ndligud chardessa no chondalbais according to the law of gossipred or relationship, RC xxv 248 . is do chóicid Connacht iar ndlighed roindi coicid in ferann sin according to the law of the division of a province (or in sense I (f) above ?), RC xxiv 186 . Esp. of civil law: ata i ndlige na fēine buachaill oc cach cethra it is (enacted) in the law of the F. that, Laws iv 96.22 . issed adeir dligedh this is what the law says, 48.9 Comm. dlighe frithe the legal regulations regarding waifs, v 336.9 Comm. fail lim d.¤ is damna, | senchas sliged sóer-Banba ` legal lore ', Metr. Dinds. iii 278 . ní mheasaim go bhfuil cine . . . is mó do bhiadh umhal do dhlighe ionáid Éireannaigh dá roinnti comhthrom an dhlighidh riú, Keat. iii 5751 . gur chumadar dlighthe . . . dhóibh féin contrárdha do dhlighthibh . . . na hanma, TSh. 2929 . reacht, dlighe, Eg. Gl. 520 . fear dlighidh lawyer , Hy Fiach. 50 . dochtúirí an dlighidh, Luke v 17 . dliged Canona, AU 1336 . saoi foircthe isin dá dhligheadh .i. ciuil ┐ canóin, Hy Fiach. 74 . ard maighistir dlighid nua ┐ sendlighidh hi lex ┐ canoin, ALC i 600.x = ardmhaighistir dlighidh nuifhiadnaisi ┐ shenreachta, AFM iii 526 . ? isin cet bliadin den dlegaid in the first year of the (penitential) rule (i.e. of my life as an incluse), MacCarthy 15 . Passing into sense of judgement or jurisdiction: (Michael) is e dobera d.¤ tar cend na noem ┐ na fhiren il-lou bratha, PH 6272 . lá an dlighidh (i.e. Doomsday ), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 6 . ro cuireadh dliccheadh fair go ro daoradh dochum báis, AFM vi 1906 . ina mbáoi fo dliccheadh ó Bhoinn co Comar all who were subject to the laws (of England), v 1730 . adubhairt nach rabhadur sin fa na ndlighe féin, Gadelica 234 ( PCT 1746 ). Cf. also: do bhreith fhiledh craoi Cuinn | do bhí a ndlighedh í Dhomhnaill subject to O'D. (?), Book of O'Conor Don 182b5 . In sense of abstract justice, right: fir ┐ d.¤ (sic leg.), cert ┐ techta, Cóic Con. 15 § 1 ( Laws i 258.19 ). intí tí a seilbh gan d.¤ unlawfully , iv 270.24 Comm. damad cinnte leis na demtha d.¤ do, 4.14 Comm. nírbo cam in d.¤ (of a just retribution), Corm. Y 698 . g s. as attrib.: a fer dligid her lawful husband, Wb. 3c7 . co cétmunteras dligid, Críth G. 339 . ma daime dáil ndligid dún, Ériu vii 227 § 64 .

III What is lawful or incumbent, duty, obligation . Cf. Ml. 54a4 : is d.¤ leu tabart inna fochaide foraib they deem it a law that (gl. ratione patientes). arna dich cách assa dligud i nadaltras lest everyone go out of his duty, Wb. 9d24 . d.¤ cach epscoip so (gl. cuius . . . opus est scire, etc.), RC viii 367 . is é d.¤ na mban beth i tāi, Anecd. v 23 n. 13 . Cf. further: ni bit i ndligud fri nech, ni bi nech a ndligudh friu they are indebted to nobody (?), Laws i 206.6 Comm. (or in meaning V?). As pred., is d.¤ (dom) it is right (for me), it is (my) duty: mar so is dligedh a radha .i. mui[n], etc. this is the right way to say it, Corm. Y 850 . is ed ba d.¤, fer grāid cecha chille, Ériu i 220 § 16 . BB 192a35 . is dligead duit an féar-sa do cur ar t'altaib, O'Gr. Cat. 294.27 . atáit ceithre féilti . . . ana dligeadh do parráisdeach tiacht chum eagailsi, 318.14 . adeir Ipocras gurab dligedh don liaigh beth co hinntleachtach (= oportet . . .), 23 P 10, 10a1 . Often in combination with dír: is dír ┐ is dlighedh duinn . . . briathra fíri do chantain, CCath. 630 . laidh . . . is dir ┐ is dligeadh d'éicsib d'aisnéis, MR 92.4 . g s. as pred.: ni dluig ┐ ni dligid duit-siu, MR 154.1 . as dior ┐ as dligid do, 264.11 . But in these two exx. perh. simply for dliged.

IV What is right or due (to someone); due, right, prerogative: dlíged sacairt i tempul a priest's right in the temple, Wb. 10d16 . dligetha gl. reddite omnibus debita, 6a23 . cid nodasóera? A ndéis a nd.¤ cach áe according to the legal right of each (of the grades of nobility), Críth G. 319 . fri d.¤ tuise claim to leadership, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . sreth failsigthi na conaire fugill is d.¤ , 18 § 8 . ? tabair dam inad it churp | iarmo dliged, iarm' intliucht, SR 1154 . ? co n-indised a ndíre ┐ a nd.¤ doib, PH 824 . da n-ícat mo screpul-sa | is mo dlighed, Anecd. ii 34 . ma beith do uaisle ind fhir grāid . . . doformagar a dligid, Ériu i 220 § 15 . nico raga bairgen dot dligiud so you shall not lack a loaf of your due, Anecd. i 11 . caire ainsic . . . .i. iarsinni aisices a d.¤ do gach ae, Corm. Y 361 . With DO: ni gébed Ioseph nach fiach | óna tuathaib acht mad biad . . . dia dligiud (sic leg.: ciniud) do ríg Egept J. would not take any debt . . . of what was due to the king unless paid in provisions, SR 3392 . don laech ucud diar ba dlighed an smior who was entitled to the marrow, MR 70.11 . inní nach dligedh don Rígh . . . ná sír seek not aught that is not due to the king (?), ZCP vii 301 § 13 . In pl.: rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib according to (their) rights (?), TBC-LL¹ 997 . ? ro ordaigh a cuit coir ar dāinib is ar dligedaib . . . do gach duni, Cog. 82 (possibly conditions , cf. I (f) above). Folld. by AR (FOR): asberit conad ferr a nd.¤ forsin righi annāi-si that their right to the realm is better than thine, Marco P. 54 .

V Due, tax, tribute: domeled Clothru dligeda Connacht the tribute of C. (?), LL 125a1 . ba cu comorbu Peaduir . . . teghedh cis ┐ d.¤ Erenn, Ériu vii 244.10 . tuctha císai ┐ dligedai o fheraib domain do rigu na Pers, Alex. 208 . ni thabrum císa na d.¤ do demnaib, 903 . dligheadha righ Ereann, AFM ii 662.13 . dlighe an mhuilinn do thabhairt don tighearna, TSh. 10074 .

VI Faculty of reason (an extension of I (d) above): dlighedh gl. ratio (distinguished from intellectus), Ir. Gl. 879 . ídail cen cheill cin d.¤ , PH 2520 . iar comairle a menman ┐ a dligid, 4745 . ó scrútán inmedonach a ndligid ┐ a n-intliuchta, RC xxv 248 § 28 (LU). amail betis dóine co ndligud aicenta iat (of foxes), LB 127a42 .

VII As vn. of dligid deserving: dia nderna nech . . . gnim gin dliged a oidedha dhe any deed not deserving of death, Marco P. 41 . dia marbthur nech do d.¤ bais (for an offence) deserving death, 51 .

do-fócaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fócaib or dil.ie/17646
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: túargab-, tecbál, tócbáil, tocbál, tucbál

v (* to-uss-gab-, GOI pp. 341 , 526 . Otherwise Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 530 - 1 ). On vowel of second syll. (short in O.Ir.) see GOI pp. 52 , 526 , and IGT Verbs § 108 and exx. 960 ff. Perf. prot. stem túargab-, later as basis for new present-forms. Vn. tecbál (?), tócbáil (incl. tocbál, tucbál). See do-furgaib.

I Trans.

(a) lifts up, raises (of literal motion): ergc a uerbo erigo .i. tōgbaim, Corm. Y 549 . benaid . . . in sruth co fleisc . . . co tocaib ina hanmand suas do chind na flesci, FA 18 (LB) = co tócband, LU. omna nā tūargaib in slūag, Hy. v 69 . co tuargaib in cloch, Thes. ii 344.18 . ní thuargaib a cend dia glún, IT i 77 (LMU). tanōcaib asin c[h]lud lasodain lifts him, TBC-I¹ 459 . tōcbaid in scīath fris, 3579 . tanócaib súas . . . in cuach n-dercóir, FB § 74 . con tocba clod cechtar a da roth rocharpait, § 34 . tuargabsat a lénte co mellaib a lárac, § 20 . do-fúargaib side fair a gasced uas gaiscedaib in t-shluaig he raised aloft his weapons, IT i 100.20 . dafuarcaib a thré[n]fher dar doraid, Trip.² 2042 . domōcbaid ol sé fria a muinntir lift me up, ZCP iv 41.25 . dohuargaib a dé laim hi crosfigill, Mon. Tall. § 61 . tuarcaib M. airrdhe croiche Crist ina agaid, Lat. Lives 94.1 . tócaibtís ind anmannai a cenna asa fochluib, RC ix 474 . rothocbaidhsed (togaibsid, v.l.) a n-armu, xxiv 202.1 . tocabair amach lasodain ┐ berar chucca, 149.32 . (of malt) co tuargabar ina fotaib `until it is raised in sods', .i. resiu tocbaiter hi ina fotaib, Laws ii 240 , ib. Comm. togtar a slabraid let the chain be taken up, 118.19 Comm. (pres. with ro- of possibility) a lesdar tuargaib fear go glun which a man can raise, iv 166.4 . tuarga[i]b epscop dano a glún ria ríg a bishop raises his knee, Críth G. 605 . a ben tocaib do gnúis nglain, SR 2117 . figuir Crist . . . tuargabad fri crann, 4171 . conúargaib (dothócaibh, v.l.) in mac bec a gnúis ó thalmain, TBC-LL¹ 1254 . tuargaib C. a chend, TBC-LL¹ 2968 . tuargabtar a cind . . . assa n-imdadaib they raised their heads, CRR 15 . tuarcaib a rosc dochum nime, PH 766 . tócbaid do thalmain hi, 7202 . cindus tócbas in genntligecht a cend . . . tar in Cristaigecht, 717 . tócbaid bhar ndoirrsi . . . co ndechsad astech rí na gloire, 3891 . tōcaibther mergi rīg Érend d'indsaigid rīg Ulad, Ériu ii 180.5 . robarta tond tūargabar (tuarcabann, v.l.) heavy seas are lifted up, vii 2.24 . Iudas Semor . . . rotōgaib croich in Coimdeadh iarna cleith fon talmain, iii 198 § 26 . nothōcbadh builcc chorcra fair it used to raise crimson blisters on him, ACL iii 4.28 . dia taethsad nem notogébad naem Cholmán 'na sosad for cúl, BColm. 70.12 . tócbhais a ben féin isin leabaigh leis, Imr. Brain i 65.16 . rothogaibhsead a n-da sciath . . . a n-aicill a cheli, CF 294 . rotógbadar as in coire . . . Iubdán, SG 244.5 . rothógsud . . . mac an diūice ┐ docuirsit ar sdét ele é, ZCP vi 34.26 . tuargabhsat tri bruta . . . i náirde, AFM ii 866.7 . (Of the sun) togaid si suas na fliucadain ┐ an fertain draws up, Ir. Astr. Tr. 26.22 . rithid an taer seimh rompa ┐ togaidh se gaeth it raises wind, 148.3 . dothogbhasdair Dia in n-dluimh teneadh, Hy Fiach. 20.9 . anuair togtar sgaile na ndeathach cum na hincinne (of a fever-patient), 23 P 10, 4b12 . sec[h]nadh na suiper ┐ na hoileamna o togtur dethaigi cum na cinn, 93.8 . seasfuidh gaoth anfadhach ┐ tóigfe suas a thonna sin, Psalms cvii 25 . a neart mar neart Hercules dothóigeadh na sléibhte, GJ iv 18a20 . in tan dotógthar suas ant Abhlann Coisreagtha at the Elevation of the Host, Donlevy 434.5 . dá d-tóigeadh an tighearna easboig-si lámh ós mo chionn, Hard. i 246.y . togfuid nathrach neimhe, Luc. Fid. 380.10 . Of hoisting sails: tuarcaib a seol creda fora churach, RC xvi 31 ( Dinds. 81 ). go dtógbhann an bás . . . a sheólta suas, TSh. 2389 . tógbhaid a seōlta, Fl. Earls 8.7 . Of lifting a boat or ship to or from land: do fócbat a coblach hi tir, Corm. Y 1059 v.l. dia tuicēbat barca for Ess Rúaidh, ZCP xii 238 § 62 . togbhais C. an long leis ó thír, Ériu viii 139.24 . an tōigēb mo c[h]urchān cīar | ōs aigēn uchtlet[h]an ān?, ZCP x 46.5 . Draws up (water): a dtógthar d'uisge as an sruth, Eochairsg. 58.32 . takes up (from the fire): berbtar cerc . . . co ndeachad a trian fo bruith ┐ tágaib ann séin, O'Gr. Cat. 197.17 . digs up, excavates: aer na log asa ttogtar mianach, 3 C 19, 142 vb 10 . With reflex. inf. pron. rises: cioth rodtógbhuais dot choilcthaib? why did you rise from your couch? ITS v 20.10 . tosnúargaib súas . . . isin n-aer, LU 9102 ( FB § 85 ).

Note also: túargabad fornn aire fochide nád tuárgabar nert gl. quoniam supra modum gravati sumus supra virtutem, Wb. 14b22 (leg. tuárgab ar nert, Sarauw).

(b) takes, takes up; brings: is e seo a med togbus in tinde sin do gran cruithnechta this is the amount the t. takes up in grains of wheat, Laws v 18.5 Comm. do gnimuibh risi tocbatur na geill of the deeds by which the pledges are taken, ii 118.5 Comm. rosuidighset a longa ┐ rothocsat a forni leo, Aen. 984 . tócbaid-si lib hé ┐ berid breth . . . fair take him with you, PH 2745 . tuargaib leiss cona arm ┐ cona erriud . . . dar áth fa thuaid é, TBC-LL¹ 3965 . tógaibh leat aní is leat féin ┐ imthigh, TSh. 1013 . tóg do chros ┐ lean misi, Mark x 21 . tógbhuidh mo chuing-si oraibh take upon you my yoke, Donlevy 215.8 . an dtoigeubhaidh misi boill Chríosd chum ball sdríopaidhe do dhéunamh dhíobh?, 1 Corinth. vi 15 . an uile easbog . . . tógbhathar . . . as na daoinibh eile (= omnis pontifex ex hominibus assumptus, Heb. v 1 ), Eochairsg. 25.31 . Of food: sechnadh na nethte o ngeinter linn derg ┐ toctur iad le hursaill let them be eaten with . . ., 23 P 10, 127.12 . Note also: cí bé . . . comhluadar no gnothuigh do thógas suas sinn occupies us, Donlevy 400.12 .

(c) takes away, lifts off, removes: ri dosfúargaib triana nert | a dóire huathmair Egept, SR 5201 . ac so uan Dé nech tócbus pectha in uli domain, PH 3795 . tuargabtar leo Cairpre they carried off C. with them, CRR § 50 . tócbait in tech-sin leo . . . co triall dōibh doridisi (of a temporary hunting lodge), ZCP i 272.2 . galar .i. togbhus an t-olc ┐ fhágbus an mhaith, Triads p. 42 gl. 224 . toc an bir úd co luath ar si as an inadh a fuil se . . . Ni tóicebad ar in to-oclaech take away that stake, BCC § 297 . an tan tógbhaim daorchrios diuide when I take off the . . . girdle, Ó Bruad. ii 70.11 . (Of the amount of wine to be drunk) in méid dodhenad subacus ┐ dotoigebhadh a imshniom, 3 C 19, 82 va 20 . With DE: co rostócuibh in cathair don taeb araill don tsruth removed, Marco P. 68 . gach daoirse da raibhe ar Ghaedhealaibh . . . do thógaibh Brian díobh uile í, Keat. iii 4108 . tógbhaidh sé a n-aire dona neithibh saoghalta (of the eyes), TSh. 9272 . tocaid salcur do suilib, 24 B 3, 109.20 . With ó: adeirim ribh go dtoigéobthar rioghachd Dé uaibhsi, Matthew xxi 43 . tog uait na himshnioma troma, 3 C 19, 161 va 2 . dotóccbhadh a ndúthaigh gusan rígh `were transferred', AFM v 1496.18 .

(d) raises, sets up (of stones, buildings, etc.): tuárgabad lais . . . primchathir mac n-Israhel, SR 6657 . tuargabad leo forsin maig . . . | carnn comluga is comchotaig, 3039 . togabar a coirthe ┐ a liagan, IT i 122.15 . radis M. ara tuargabtha a lía, TBC-LL¹ 1572 . secht cét cell . . . dosnócaib do lár he raised them from the foundation, Trip. 552.8 . rotocbaisit . . . mur derg ind agaid Ulad, Ériu viii 179.1 . ba dōich lim bad Cland Deadhaid donuargaibset, 156.23 . tócaibther leis in cnocc crúaid | fo chosmailius tuir Nemrúaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . ó Thaltin i tócab (tocaib, MS.) tein raised a fire, 50 . rotōgbad a lia ┐ a lecht ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 30.13 . goill dothógaibh badhbhdún an longphuirt, Hy Fiach. 122.7 . dotógbhadh le Brian iomad droichead ┐ tóchar ┐ slighthe móra, Keat. iii 4117 . dothógaibh Teamhair dá sliocht, Content. iv 33 . go dtógbhaidh tú teach ┐ nár áitighe tú é, TSh. 9706 . i mbás Aman san gcroich do thógaibh féin, 779 . tóg dhamh annso seacht naltóra, Numbers xxiii 1 .

Fig. sets up, establishes: is inti tōsech tuarcgabad an t-ord in it the order was first set up, BColm. 24.26 . dotóccbadh nós ┐ dlicched i naimsir Thoirrdealbaigh, ZCP x 8.7 . ar eacht go dtóigeobhadh an creideamh dobhí ar lár so that he might raise up, Keat. iii 5433 . tógbhait suass . . . gnē dēe they set up a supposed God, Fl. Earls 112.30 .

(e) exalts, uplifts, elevates, extols: tocbaid lobru | tairnid triunu, LU 3417 ( SCC § 18 ). ba léir P. co mbebae . . . is ed tūargaib a fheba . . . suas de sech treba dóine, Hy. ii 24 ( Thes. ii 314 ). rí dorúargaib Héle fáith, SR 7109 . rí . . . os túathaib túargaib Dauid, 6764 . as amlaid sin toicebus Brénainn a mhancha a n-airdi, Lism. L. 3328 . tocbad fírinne . . . notocēba, ZCP xi 88 § 6 . a Dé, rothōcba shinni, ix 468.11 . ro-thócaib cu honorach o ingaire choerech in tí Dauid, PH 6497 . is and romtócbad co mblaid there I was exalted with fame, Metr. Dinds. i 4.43 . dosfuargaib a dímus n-án `her noble pride uplifted her', iii 30 . ni hed as dech doní nech innocbail . . . ferr do co mbad ed dogneth inísli dofoicebad, LL 271 marg. sup. blad a teglaigh tóigéba, Hy Fiach. 192.10 .

(f) draws up, arranges, brings into action (of forces), begins (of a battle): tóccbaigh cuccainn lucht bar ttrebh, Cog. 86.16 . in cath sin rothogbaisiu, MR 172.20 . tuarccabtha tri cath crodha, Mórthimch. Erenn (ed. Hogan) § 25 . tuargabad cath croda a bloody battle was begun, Ériu v 238.100 . rotuarcbaid trommgressa for sciathaib, Alex. 270 . tuargaibsiot a n-iodhna catha forra `put on their arms', AFM vi 2132 . tuargaibset a tindrem | sund a n-inber Bonni they set about their expedition, Todd Nenn. 146.155 .

(g) furnishes, prepares, lays (a table): ní tócaibhter cuach ná cupa dia freasdul, Marco P. 87 . rotógbad buird altacha . . . ann, Fianaig. 56.1 . dotócbad aco blēdedha bánairgit . . . ┐ rotógbad ann corn Finn féin, ┐do thógaibh an eagna teach . . . do thógaibh sí bord = proposuit mensam, TSh. 8812 .

(h) rears, brings up, fosters: in triath romtógaibsea, MR 218.10 . ar is iad Catraighi tuargaib e, BB 250b24 (= rusail e, H. 3.18). da mac Medbi . . . oenben rostuargaib cen tár, Ériu v 225.107 . ba hand rodnalt ┐ tuargabat as a aetidh, Auraic. 235 . ba hannsin rotogbadh Niul i foghloim na nilbherla, Leb. Gab.(i) 192.26 . is aca teagaiscther ┐ tōgoipther suass . . . iad, Fl. Earls 180.30 . Note also: pósfuidh a dhearbhrathair a bhean . . . ┐ tóigeabhuidh sé síol dá dhearbhráthair, Matthew xxii 24 .

(i) With DE, FOR exacts, levies, raises (a tribute or tax): toicebhut-sa mu thinnscrai dhit, Lism. L. 1158 . rothoccaibh a chíos ríoghda forra, Cog. 40.3 . rothócaib dib giallu, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . T. O Mailconaire do tóg in cis sin do'n Iarla, O'Gr. Cat. 220.38 . dothógbhadar an éiric soin ar Laighnibh, Keat. ii 3572 .

(j) shows, exhibits: tocbaid in corrbolg . . . do ┐ atfet a scela, RC v 201 § 17 . tuargabatar an-nochta ┐ an-náre uile dó, TBC-LL¹ 1361 . túarcaib do indsin in uli flathiusa in domain, PH 4719 . tuárcaib do slicht in gói, 6778 . taispenfa, toigēba . . . a t[h]aob don tsochaidhe, ZCP iii 210.23 . rothocaib a chrechta ┐ a ilgona dona sluagaib, TTebe 2765 . níor thóg M. a aghaidh dhóibh M. did not show his face to them, Caithr. CC 55.y . rotogbadh dosidhe ┐ mar adconnuirc, Lib. Flav. i 11vb32 . condatuárgabusa 'till I have manifested (revealed) it' Wb. 26 d 10 , Celtica xii 15 . tuargab cenn ind rún-sin 'that mystery is manifested (lit. has revealed itself)' Wb. 26 d 11 , Celtica xii 15 . Note also: co tuargaib a argat isin chathraig offered, LL 361 marg. sup. In pass. appears: is amhloidh togaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal there appeared to the enemy a lady, Fl. Earls 48.17 . Also in phrase do-fócaib cenn appears: co tuarcaibh Brēnaind cenn in oidhchi sin dí araile cēile Dē, ACL iii 4.31 . tuargabsat chend in dā trian robátar isin talmain, Fianaig. 34.16 . rothogaib Anachis cend do Aenias A. appeared to Aeneas, Aen. 1193 . a Cháimgin . . . ra báig Molling tócaib cenn, SG 389.26 . dia rothógaibh spirat na hécsi cenn do, Cóir Anm. 272 = torcaib, Lec. 446b41 . duid dothógbhus ceand anocht to thee I have revealed myself, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 74.23 . tri locha ingantach[a] tuargabsat ceand i nErinn anocht, Anecd. ii 5.21 . (Of a river) 'san India tocbhais cenn ar tus, Marco P. 122 .

(k) awakens, rouses, excites: conom-thūarcaib as mo ches | au[r]chor maic Comáin, Fianaig. 40.3 . in ní dothoigébad ferg Dé, PH 7747 . ná tóg fercc Dia, SG 43.33 . ní thóigeba tnúth aoinfhir | . . . th' óirdnedh . . . mar áirdríg, O'Gr. Cat. 470.19 .

(l) utters (a cry or shout), raises (the voice): rothócbatar banntrochta a n-gáiri guil, IT i 128.20 . co ttuargaibhset tri tromghaire ós aird, BS 14.3 . do thogadar na tonna tromghair truaghadhbal da sirchaineadh, CF 736 . rotōcbad muirn ┐ medair na bruidhni, Fianaig. 64.1 . tuárgabad in chlas | do molad De, SR 4037 . tuargaib Balam a guth ngluair, 4805 . tocbus B. a ghuth cu hard, Lism. L. 3621 . tóigfe tú do ghuth suas, Proverbs ii 3 . tógbhaidh bhar n-uaill raise your cries of joy, Content. xvi 72 . tógbhaid na haingil . . . aontsiúin cheoil, xviii 155 n.

(m) takes up, acquires: ? is tre fhír flathemon donfócbat dúili dúsi ili órdai airgdidi, ZCP xi 82 § 21 . do léigeamur bhur gclann le ar gcloinn chum sgoile ionnus gur thógbhadur beagán foghluma, PCT 1717 .

(n) accepts: ionnus gurab moide toigebait a muna uait so that they will the more accept instruction from you, Ériu v 138 § 116 . tógbhaim í (viz. sdair an tsluaigh) mar fhiadhnaise, Content. v 179 . ante . . . nach ttógbhann súas míochlú in aghaidh a chomharsan (= opprobrium non accepit . . .), Psalms xv 3 .

(o) raises (a point), challenges (a statement): is fada atáim ag trácht . . . seach an gcúis ar dtúis do thógbhas away from the point I raised at first, Ó Bruad. ii 234 . ní maith do thógbhais mar bhréig | go dtug it was not wise of you to challenge as false that . . ., Content. xiii 17 .

(p) sets up, causes: as minic togus crupan ┐ toghairmeas an bás, 23 P 10, 24a55 . is i an leisgi ┐ an druis da ní do thog locht isna corpaibh sa Gréig, 24 P 3, 135.12 .

(r) With various nouns: in t-ánius romōr tuargabais fort, Ériu viii 157.32 . dothógbhais béim ar an bhfear, Content. xiii 2 . rothógbatar . . . clesa curad, Fianaig. 96.26 . coscur . . . trén tuargaib, SR 5581 . Nemruad . . . tuargaib a gleo co mórgráin, 2698 . dothógbais . . . iomarbháigh a hucht Muimhneach, O'Gr. Cat. 534.5 . do tógbád imarbhágh uaibh | a éigsi Bhanba, 535.15 . gé dothógbhais air mar oil though you blamed him, Content. xv 50 . bid aithrech leó an triall tóccbaitt, Cog. 86.25 . Note also: tógbhaid anocht ortha . . . | cor gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.19 .

II Intrans.

(a) rises: dofuargaib Adam astsruth, SR 1883 . intan donórcaib grīan, TBC-I¹ 3443 . bás cethorchat . . . dia túargaib . . . grían, Fél. March 9 . túargaib dóib gáeth, Anecd. i 52 § 18 . dufuargabsat huisci moro robuir intan rombói popul dǽ fora muir, Ml. 96c1 . tuarcaib abann Liphe friu, IT i 45.2 . co tuargab ind ob friu tria nert Dé, Lat. Lives 19.12 . túargaib . . . tomaidm locha Léin lindmair, Metr. Dinds. iii 26 . ? Of a muster for battle: do thógbhadar leis an ordughadh Clann Mhuirigh, RC ii 178.9 .

(b) appears: túargaib co sluagaib, SR 6901 . tuarcaib grian na fírinde dóib dá cech leith, PH 7062 . ni tuargaibhset na cōic rōid sin for Erinn gusa anocht, Anecd. ii 5.1 .

(c) betakes oneself, makes off, rides aloft, soars (with various prepp.): do thógaibh Oilill Finn air . . . tresan sluagh siar, Ériu viii 139.1 . in tan fa hollam in fhled . . . thógbus Cathal O Céin air, SG 282.9 . tógbhais Bricni roimhe ó Cruachain siar, Ériu viii 135.22 . rothóguibh rompa da gach muine for a chéile he flew from thicket to thicket, BS 176.32 . ro tógaib Suibhne uime co háithétrom, 16 § 15 . rothógaibh S. uimi co hétrom do ind gach aird, 114 § 57 .

(d) Miscellaneous: tógbhait na nāimhde ōn mbaili raise the seige of the town, Fl. Earls 48.26 . rothōcoibset na doctūiridhe de gave him up, 144.17 .

epistil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. epistil or dil.ie/20187
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: epistil, æpistil, eipisti, eibisdil, epestil, eipistei, eipisdil, eibistil, epistil, n-eipistil, epistle, epistlech, heibisdili, epistli, epistli, n-episle, eipistleach, n-episle, eipistlech, hebislechaib, eipisdlib

n f. (Lat. epistola Ériu xix 68 ) an epistle, letter: n s. cib cenél dia roscribad ind epistilso, Wb. 3b20 . ind epistil-se, 27d13 . ind æpistil ib. eipisti, Ériu ii 192.3 . eibisdil ib. n. 11 . epestil PH 3722 . eipistei, 1 Corinth., title . eipisdil, Galatians an dara heipisdil, 2 Peter iii 1 . a s. rochuir H. eipistil...for amus a meic, PH 489 . eibistil, BB 261b19 = IT iii 190 § 16 . mar da legh I. ind ebistil, YBL 148a16 . d s. isind epistil tóisich Wb. 14d1 . i n-eipistil d'áirithe, TSh. 10184 . g s. tíchtin inna epistle , Wb. 14d2 . 15a15 . intinscanadh epistlech , Ériu ii 192 n.2 . briathra na heibistleach do chuirsead dochum Ioseph, YBL 148a9 . úghdar na heibisdili , Mac Aingil 474.14 . a n-aghaidli eipiostalach eiricigh, Eochairsg. 82.3 . n a p. rufoitea epistli uaidib, Wb. 9d14 . in epistli (gl. in litteras) BCr. 37c3 ( Thes. ii 27.31 ). secht n-episle , MacCongl. 39.10 . eipistleach, Eochairsg. 23.22 . g p. luirech na n-episle , BNnÉ 32.33 . i liubar a eipistlech , Lism. L. 154 (i.e. Patrick's Conf., etc.). d p. isna hebislechaib ro caemclae Alaxandair re Dinimus, BB 488 a35 = IT ii2 95.29 . d p. eipisdlib, 2 Peter iii 16 .

Of a letter used as a charm or spell: luidh M. co Pol abstal, ┐ dobert eibistil uadh, ┐ bidh 'ma bráigid, IT iii 190 § 16 . antan dobereadh M. breth nogebedh epistil ima bragaid ┐ ní abrad gaí iarum ib. eipistil boi immo brāgoit fri foirgell fīrinde , Corm. Y 1160 (sīn). luirech na n-episle | no bíodh fora muin, BNnÉ 32.33 . Cf secht n-allsmaind, secht n-episle | do cháisib, do choelanaib | fo bragait cech fhir, MacCongl. 39.10 ; 89.12 . Of a message (metaphorical): tria bas no epistil ngalar 'by means of death or a message (?) of sickness' Ériu xix 58 § 5 .

ernail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ernail or dil.ie/20307

 

Forms: erndaili

earlier erndaili, f. (vn. of ar-condla)

(a) a part, share: earnail .i. ...cuid no roinn, O'Cl. earnail .i. rann, Lec. Gl. 409 . a n-ernail buair ┐ braite their share of cattle and booty TBC-LL¹ 2432 (= TBC-I¹ 1773 ). ocht fichid ban, ba si a n-ernail din brait, TBC-I¹ 3072 = básed a n-ernail, TBC-LL¹ 4945 . ní rothomail C. nách hernail mbic dia n-irthorad Fél.² lxi 39 . Cf. for h'ernail dochum maithiusa thy participation in goodness = thy inclination towards goodness (?) PH 8215 .

(b) division, branch, class, category; kind, species: earnail .i. gné, O'Cl. da ernail .i. da fir-dedail, Auraic. 448 . cisi erndail di ernailib na canoine forta na psalma? to which division of the Canon do the Psalms belong? Hib. Min. 3. 61 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin, 3.63 (= tres ordines, see note, p. 88 ). Cf. oc cetul a shalm...for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, MacCongl. 13.11 . atat dí ernail for in almsain, PH 5968 . atat di ernail forsin beithi-luis-nin, .i. feadha ┐ taebomnai, Auraic. 392 (da erndail v.l. 2781 ). 312 . sé hernaili déc na filidechta...saigid ┐ ascnam ┐ huaim do rind, etc., divisions, elements ZCP vi 262.23 = IT iii 29 . is í in almsain in tres ernail na fírinde = eleemosyna tertia species iustitiae est PH 5967 . immud anbthine na peni iar n-ernailib ecsamlaib, FA 1 (LB). ro fhoghlaimset draidheacht ┐ ilcerda...gombtar fesach ina n-erndailib `in the branches thereof' Leb. Gab.(i) i 142.20 . crand dognid torad ┐ no thechtadh gach sil doreir a earnaili, BB 15b8 = Lec. 528a [gan sil BB]. ni aca ernail dhatha ná rabi and, etir glas ┐ gorm ┐ derg, etc. TTr.² 879 . cia hernail aisti triasa ndernad in Feilire? Ni ansa. rindaird, Fél. Pref. 14. 1 . frisin ernail airigthi don aisti seo dianad ainm reidrindard, 14.7 . ni con gabmait-ne nach n-ernail indmas any sort of wealth PH 2029 . cen nach n-ernail aithrige do denam, 6437 . badar tri hernaili do ix n-earnailibh na draidechta leis `three of the nine kinds of augury' CCath. 932 . mór do ernailibh bais many kinds of death 2081 . in ernail tanaise for Páis in Choimded sund secundum Mathaeum here follows a second version PH p. 124 . Hence item, specification, of individuals, things, etc., which have just been or are about to be specified: cethri hernaile beiris in athgabail for tullata four things (circumstances; conditions) cause a distress to be immediate Laws i 212x Comm. mas i naimsir lobtha tancutur na hernuile sin riu these occurrences (just specified) ii 8.3 Comm. coig ernaili as a mberar in breth .i. a roscad, a fasach, etc., `five sources from which judgment is drawn' v 8.22 Comm. cuic earnaile ata lan-eneclann: lan-aer ┐ glam diccind, etc., five classes (of offence) 234.11 Comm. ; 512.18 Comm. (arnaile); 452.5 Comm. (airnaile). iv 216.20 Comm. nách ernail péne dibsin, PH 2554 . do muccaib ┐ d'aigib alta ┐ d'ernail cacha fíada olchena (category of every game = every class of game) LU 127a 37 . nár baithestar hernail cecha forcetail immad na peccad `no kind of teaching lessened the abundance' PH 8250 . nemopthach fri hernail cech uilc, 8182 . i n-ernail cech uilc 8092 . 8135 . ar ernail gach uabhair every kind of pride ZCP x 347.35 . tárraidh...iomatt óir ┐ ionnmhais ┐ gach ernaile ele baoi lasna hE., AFM v 1742.4 .

esrédid, esroídid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esrédid, esroídid or dil.ie/20583
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (denom. of esréd or formation with inorganic -d- (cf. sreid/ sreidid) Ériu xviii 93 )

I Trans. scatters, disperses; divides: oen, tra, dona ruthnib ros esreid grian na firinde isin domun, LB 24b40 = Three Hom. 4 . ind [ḟ]airend rotomlithea...┐ ro scailte i n-inadaib ecsamlaib...có mba hand atresat, airm inro tomlithe ┐ inro esrete, RC xxv 236.21 = LU 34b23 . in bo derg threbliadnach is a fuil ro hesréti tar macu Israhel, LB 257a78 . setid uadha na hanmanna...co n-esredentt a fodrannaib fo ifern iatt, Aisl. Tond. 109.13 (= co sgaoilenn, 134.36 ). ron esreidedh tresin daire we were separated by captivity ACL iii 10.27 . ros timairg fine G. as gach airm inro scaoilit ┐ inro hesreidhit, Leb. Gab.(i) i 234.9 . acht dia ro esróided maicne Israhel o Thit ┐ ο Uespasian fo chethair aird in domain, LL vi 48647 . Cf. ro hesraided na hlúdaide ar cech leth i tírib...in domain, PH 5499 (esraí- ? see under esrédiud). ro ésraít a tigi do bethi barralaind barrglas, TFerbe 466.65 .

II Intrans. spreads; disperses: plágh mór ┐ gorta i Mumhain...co ro esreidh cidh fo Erind, AFM ii 1002.6 . ro sgaoil ┐ ro eisreidh an chuid ele don chobhlach fo aireraibh na ccrioch, v 1870.3 .

étarbaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étarbaige or dil.ie/20667

 

n , f. (étarbach) uselessness, unprofitableness: cia no beth sencus aile and...is bec cach senchus dib i n-[a] aithfegad sum, ar a n-etarbaige iar firinde `because of their uselessness' Introd. to SM, Laws i 34.18 . ficell .i. ar a hedtarbaighe `a chessboard [is a difficult pledge] because of its unprofitableness' v 250.13 .

etargnugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etargnugud or dil.ie/20714

 

Forms: etargnó-, etargnaithe

u, m.(vn. of etargnaigidir) interpreting, explaining; making known: in t-etarcnugud ┐ in tuicsinugud doberut na noeibh for an Coimdhid, Lism. L. 4610 . etargnaghudh gotha (expl. of etargaire), Auraic. 845 . Cf. etergnougud in gotha, 3282 . etargnougud beurla, 3374 . dia tabairt do foglaimm ┐ do etargnaugud na firinde soscelda PH 3558 (etargná-, etargnó- ? cf. etargnáthugud). g s. (?) dligedh an etargnaithe `law of the intellect' Laws i 36.11 (for etargnaigthe ?).

etergléod

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etergléod or dil.ie/20815

 

m. (vn. of eter-glé)

(a) solving, deciding ; a decision, solution: eidirgleodh .i. breitheamhnas no criochnughadh, O'Cl. fri etargléod caingen, SR 4563 . oc etirgleod guasachta ┐ debtha na slog, LB 122a18 . d' etergleod a cesta, FB 42 . do eitergleod a imrisnae 40 Eg. AFM vi 2164.9 . oc etirgléod ḟírinde ┐ gúa discriminating (?) ZCP xi 65.6 . IT iii 198.4 . With obj. gen. of pers.: femdit...a n-etergleod to settle between (amongst) them FB 41 . ni de-seo tic ar n-etergléod the decision between us TBC-LL¹ 3565 . bói imnesse catha eter da Corpre...geiss dosom techt dia n-etergléod to settle, arbitrate between them BDD 24 = LU 83a16 . etergleodh dligid, Cóic Con. 27 § 5 . go ffesadh cionnas nobhiadh a eidirghleódh fris an lucht n-aile his settlement AFM vi 2272. 3 . With subj. gen.: co toir iudicecht ┐ etergléodh in catha moir etraind, CCath. 462 . tre eitergleo[d] catha by decision of battle 280 . 566 . tre edergleodh catha, 3374 . cia cédfadh baoí leó do eitirghleódh an laí ísin, AFM v 1766. 23 .

(b) explanation, interpretation: caidi bar n-edirgleod-si diib ? your explanation of them (sc. certain old monuments) Ériu viii 156.25 . atá sund ar n-etargléod. na secht tinne se amne .i. na se tinni argait it é sé lathe, etc. LL 281b21 . gen. lā etergleóid in chomlaind, TBC-LL¹ 3719 (eidirgleodha St). Cf. in brig etarglethi ┐ in chiall to-ḟaiscthe, Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . in brig itirglethi cinnti, 57 § 132 .

faibled

Cite this: eDIL s.v. faibled or dil.ie/21054

 

Forms: faibliudh

n m. fable, fiction: fírinde ┐ faibledh fuár | hi senchasaibh ..., ZCP xii 246 § 17 . d s. don faibliudh ib. iarsin faibliud sa according to this tale 245.3 .

Load More Results