Search Results

Your search returned 29 result(s).

7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

1 aithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithe or dil.ie/2602

Forms: aithi, aithi, aithi

vn. of ad-fen. a.¤ n-imrime, Cóic Con. 47 § 84 . a s. always aithi in Wb. (unless the obscure cenathe, Wb. 18a25 , contains this word); n s. aithi, Sg. 111b3 , Thes. ii 227.21 , Trip.² 541 . See GOI § 725 . aithi f., IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) Act of requiting; requital, recompense; payment, quid pro quo: ní ar lóg na aithi pridchimmi soscéle, Wb. 14c8 , 9 ; 15b11 ; 24d1 . precept soscéli cen lóg cen aithi, 14c10 . aithi gl. foenus, Sg. 111b3 . aithi usura, Thes. ii 227.21 . aithi .i. cum[m]ain, ut est cach rath co n-aithi .i. biadh ┐ manchuine, O'Dav. 168 . caite a.¤ .i. log meich, Laws iii 328.8 . caiti in a.¤ cumaine, 9 Comm. ni fuil aithfe gin iubaile do gelluib, O'D. 706 ( H 3.17, 516 ). a.¤ n-imrime .i. in aithe comaine no logh do-berar ar imrim int searraigh .i. ara riarugud i.e. recompense for breaking in a horse, Cóic Con. 47 § 84 ; Laws v 212.3 . gin aithi gin fochraic . . . gin a.¤ .i. focetoir, gin fochraic .i. iardain, O'Curry 2460 ( Eg. 88, f. 37(38)c ). a.¤ fiach .i. ic fiach, 766 ( H 3.18, 360b ). mac duine timghair a.¤ a mhaoeine i.e. he does not confer benefits for nothing, ZCP xii 296.5 . ratha fiala a.¤ ṡlána, LL 343b55 = aithi ṡlána `full compensations', Tec. Corm. 3.27 . ferr athe opad, LL 345c41 = ithe, Anecd. iii 19.14 . fuilled ro-imarcraid ind aithi, MacCongl. 21.5 .

(b) act of retaliating; revenge, retaliation: nech bud ḟerr leis dá athe no da dígail, TBC-LL¹ 4419 . tene . . . oc athi bar col, PH 3637 . nech da tísad aithi na gona sain who should avenge that slaying, LL 244a47 ( TTr. 2051 ). fear a.¤ a an-fhalta `to revenge his animosities', MR 262.12 . nir-bo echt cen aithi, TTebe 3524 . aithi in uilc, IGT Decl. ex. 166 . a.¤ x DO y avenging x (an action) on y: robo adlaic dó a aithi do Pátraic aní dorigni, Trip.² 541 . More usually with FOR: d'a.¤ a n-indligid foruib to punish them for their rapacity, ACL iii 3.16 . d'athi ar n-écora for Troiánu, LL 224a6 ( TTr. 494 ). dia aithiu fair in dimhicin dorad fornd, Marco P. 31 . d'a.¤ a anffoladh ar a eassccairdibh, AFM vi 2146.15 . Of a person: d'aithi ┐ d'fír-dígail Oilella Finn ar fheraib Erenn, Celt. Rev. iv 204.13 .

1 amarc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amarc or dil.ie/3085

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 11 .

(a) act of looking at. With obj. gen.: dobhí ag á n-amharc astech looking into the house at them, IT ii2 139 n.2 . ar ndul d'amharc uamha an leómhain, TD 16.37 . In proverbial expressions: seinm cruitte dara ha.¤ playing a harp without being able to see it (of an uncertain friendship), LL 18415 (but see Ériu xx 194 ). béim dar a.¤ a blow from behind, TFerbe 594 . Fig. d'amharc gach othrais . . . dá mbí ar a anam, TSh. 1631 . Cf. is fíorghlaine do shúile na chum uilc damharc, Habakkuk i 13 . Usually with prep. AR: do fhech Maolmuire tairis d'a.¤ ar in muinntir sin, L. Chl. S. 34.27 . ar namharc na dhiaigh ar an dorus, Rel. Celt. ii 190.18 . mar fuair Béacán amharc ar Dhiarmaid `got sight of', Keat. iii 1074 . ré hamharc ar néallaibh nimhe (method of divination), ii 5445 . i n-ēiric na n-amharc claon máiliseach do bheiridis ar fearaibh neamh-phósda, ZCP iv 416.20 . d'éis m'amaraic ar Bhanba, Hackett viii 2 .

(b) faculty of sight: díoth amhairc, Dán Dé xix 13 . dallta focétoir co mbói cen a.¤ , LB 146a20 . amharc . . . shúl, TSh. 7252 . atáim i n-easbhaidh amhoirc, DDána 6.1 . Fig. aiseag amhairc a intinne, TSh. 204 .

(c) object of sight, view, prospect: a.¤ súl is sáimhe `the most delightful prospect', Hy Fiach. 424.7 . amharc aiérach accat, Studies 1920, 261 § 2 . Fig. amharc súl glainḟréimhe Gall `object of the glances' (Edmund Burke), TD 18.31 .

(d) Various: rostenn cen nach n-a.¤ `he harried them, in- visible', Metr. Dinds. iv 74.87 (cheville ?). Críosd ara cubhaidh amharg regard, reverence(?), A. Ó Dálaigh i 7 . a hamharc out of sight, TSh. 5223 . feadh amhairc ón mhúr amach `when just in sight of the rampart', TD 8.9 . gan coimhéadaidh uaibh d'amharc `keeping watch for thee', 19.12 .

? as-scuichi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? as-scuichi or dil.ie/4503

v appar. = fo-scuichi: ascaigid uan tra, ol an t-aingel. Foscuichsetar uada focetoir , Otia i 115 § 5 . ascuchfa do síl sōer slissu fri fairge fond, Fianaig. 36.8 .

athchor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchor or dil.ie/4719
Last Revised: 2013

o, [m.] vn. of ad-cuirethar. Lit. act of throwing back, but freq. with force of ath- very much reduced.

(a) act of giving back, returning, restoring: is mesech a athcur cib cuin ro-cara, ZCP xvi 211.33 = is meisech athcu[i]r, xv 246 § 5 . ni astaither in saorrath cin athchur, Laws ii 216.23 Comm. diablad fria n-athchur (of stock), v 222.x Comm. cuic seoit ┐ athchur sunn uile san athgabail, 254.13 Comm.

(b) With FOR act of returning to, restoring to: ind praind sin do adcor forsind comdid `to cast that meal back upon the Lord', Mon. Tall. 148.25 (§ 58) (perh. in physical sense to vomit). ma ta aice nech for a derndta athcur, dena (of a wife), Laws v 144.16 Comm. no co nderna a athchur for a athair `until he returns him to his father', iii 502.19 Comm. (of returning a child from fosterage). gu caemsatís a a.¤ focetoir for righ (of a doubtful child whom no `fine' will admit), O'D. 2312 ( Rawl. B 506, 31d ). dá mbeith si 'ga ha.¤ ort `if she be restored to thee' (a wife), TD 20.50 . Hence of handing back, renouncing (a pact, etc.): luid . . . do a.¤ a chairdessa for Coin Culaind to return his friendship to C. (i.e. to renounce his friendship with C.), LU 6017 (TBC). tarmartatar . . . dol do a.¤ a chotaig . . . fri righ Temrach to renounce, Anecd. ii 74 § 31 . ag iarraidh ádhbhar athchuir a chómhosaidh ar Chonn `a cause for breaking his truce', ML 70.25 . In later lang. act of urging upon, recommending to: tánag d'athchur Fhódla air / Aodh Ó Domhnaill Dúin Bhalair to urge the cause of Ireland on him, Magauran 3828 . do ghaolta dá hathchur ort / faghthar t'aonta don Iarlacht `thy kinsfolk pressing it on thee', Aithd. D. 37.34 . máthair Críost re n-abar ógh / bíodh dom athchar ar a huan, 90.8 . dia athchar forro cech . . . truagh nobhiad leo a tidlacad dia dun-som, Marco P. 124 . In literal sense: a athchur ar húa nAinmirech to hand him over to . . ., MR 246.22 . With DO: faidis . . . techta do athchar chisa do M. `to yield tribute to M.', Marco P. 156 .

(c) act of rejecting, adjourning, postponing (a suit): eric troisce tar dliged uaithib ┐ a n-athcur dogres `they shall . . . be non-suited', Laws i 86.28 Comm. cuic seoit ┐ athcur co laithe for sechtmain, 114.1 Comm. ? do beir in saíre athcur for anud `puts an end to the stay', ii 114.13 Comm. ma tainic in grad feine d'acra in graid flatha . . . ┐ ni tarta gella . . . dó is athcor cu cend bliadna, O'Curry 679 (H 3.18, 331). ? re nathcur caitche cethra co ruice fogelta compensating(?), 257 (H 3.18, 149b).

(d) act of throwing; throwing out or away, getting rid of, dispelling: re h-imud na n-urchur aca n-athchur eturru being exchanged, TTebe 3085 . na cathaighthe anall 's anonn / dar n-athchuirne ó all go hall swaying us, Aithd. D. 51.13 . tucatar . . . athchur coitcenn ar a cloidhmib ┐ ar a clogadaib, etc. they flung away weapons and armour (of routed troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 68.20 . ni mōr nach gcuirit trī lēige d'a.¤ a pelér `they carry almost three leagues in shooting their bullets', Fl. Earls 68.2 . icc atc[h]ur a n-anmann . . . dara mbelaibh seachtair, CCath. 6125 . tainig soillsi . . . iar n-athchur an dorchadais, Aisl. Tond. 110 § 1 . tabhair phóig go díochra dhamh / dar móid fhiochdha budh athchar `this will be enough to dispel our angry feelings', Magauran 2551 . fescar flaithiusa ┐ . . . athchur airechais `destruction', MR 122.4 .

(e) act of expelling (person): athc[h]or ar an ord ēiccius expelling the poets, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 92 § 8 . glún mh'oileamhna dom a.¤ (obadh v.l.) `that the knee which nursed me should reject me', TD 3.46 . nír hachradh cách ó chridhe / gér ghnáth athchar ainbhfine though one usually wishes to expel a foe, Aithd. D. 71.35 . ó atáid Gaoidhil . . . ag a.¤ Ghall, O'Hara 2892 . T. . . . do athchur a flaithes ua mBriuin was expelled, AFM ii 1064.7 . ar macaibh Ruaidhri da.¤ uaidh `on condition that he should expel the sons of R.', iii 228.7 . d'athchur ┐ d'innarbad C[h]uinn, ML² 875 . arna n-a.¤ ┐ arna n-ionnarbadh a parrthas, TSh. 3607 . tugadh achur ┐ ionnarbadh ar in rí, ZCP xxxiii 135 § 24 . do chuireadoir ar achur ┐ ar ionnarbadh é, § 25 .

(f) Various: ro-mboísom do nirt . . . a n-indarba a tír Hérenn do a.¤ a ndíbergi allanall to transfer their plundering to the other side(?), BDD² 400 . cen tinntúd ┐ cen a.¤ cusin coimdid turning back, PH 4196 . cor ┐ athcor . . . in cloigem ort, Acall. 2249 v.l. (= a sochar ┐ a dochar in chloidim ort, text). act of replanting: benaid . . . a croinn a huir dia n-athcur doridhisi, Marco P. 165 .

báidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báidid or dil.ie/5172

Forms: bádaid, báithid, báthaid, bádud

v also bádaid, báithid, báthaid. Trans.

(a) submerges, drowns; sinks, wrecks: co nu badaitis gl. mergerentur, Ml. 96c14 . nachat baidh rian romhra `did not drown them', Blathm. 68. as he tuargaibh toind do tracht / go mbaidi benna borrbharc, 228 . conid hi in tress tond bades naues , Thes. ii 352.36 (Hy. vi Comm.). ba sūaill co rroibdithe in curach cona lucht were almost swamped, Corm. Y p. 92.5 (= corrabdithe, ix 26; nach baiti, xv 5). báidfitir noo ships will be sunk, Eg. 1782, 43a (cited Contribb. 161 ). ro bateá iar sin ┐ atbathatár di gortai they were shipwrecked, LU 1279 (H). ro báided . . . isind abaind, 8926 (H, FB 69 ) (cf. rí báiter for srothuib, Laws i 204.21 Comm. is furri robáidhedh (of a river), Cóir Anm. 255. bátir Fráech F. is submerged (in fight), LU 5231. sruth do aill, . . . baidhidh cac mbec nétruim (sic), Laws iv 356.11 . cia robdait[h]er indib whatever may have been drowned in them (ditches), Coibnes 13 . cia robdaid if they drown someone, Laws iv 140.27 Comm. conid bádud ra bádit that they were in fact drowned, LL 31910 ( TTr. 1097 ). Cf. LL 36369. dia mbaidfider bith, 13871 (rhet.). do bháidh muir gach duine dhíobh, DDána 3.39 .

(b) extinguishes, quenches: ní baithfidther [in tene] co bráth = nunquam extinquetur (sic), Lat. Lives 5.12 . nī bāiter mo ṡechtchaindel!, Misc. Hib. 20 § 3. do bhāidh sí solus na n-uili leg lōgmar ele, ZCP xiii 181.6 . tre nert daíne robaidhedh (of a fire), RC xviii 170.26 (Tig.). gur escainset iat ┐ gur báthset a cainnli excommunicated them, O'Gr. Cat. 5.26. do báidh Macamétus connle an duine do íbad fín, Maund. 61. baidid tart, Celtica ii 71.59 . Fig. do báidheadh grís ar ngoimhe, Studies 1921, 589 § 5 .

(c) destroys, overwhelms, obliterates, suppresses: na báid . . ./ cenn n-erbága nIsrahél, SR 6011. rodasbádi (sic Corr., Academy xxiv 31) plág dibaid, 5279 . bádfid a maith a n-olc isind ló [brátha] sin, LU 2169. Cf. ZCP iii 227.6 . ronbris ronbrúi, ronbaid, / . . . / rongeilt in gaeth, O'Mulc. 830g . rosbáidi bás `death o'erwhelmed her', Metr. Dinds. iii 48.14 . rombáid i tig Clettig crúaid / cnáim ind iáich, MacCarthy 206 § 6 . ro baighit na bidhbhanais enmities were quenched, MR 100.8 . ētrad nī rom-bāde, ZCP vi 260 § 11. ni baití en litir and would not be obliterated, BCC 434.21 (394) . ná báidh . . . ar gcomhramha, Content. vii 2. bochtacht antoisgtheach . . . bháidheas i n-ainfhiachaibh . . . é, TSh. 5427. réadla bhisigh nár báthadh `a star of increase which was not eclipsed', Éigse v 234 § 12.

(d) elides (a vowel), merges, makes to disappear (of consonants in compounds, etc.): iss ed ropad chert and acht uath baidhius in fern, Auraic. 4342. Cf. co nd-aurba huath .i. conasfirbade uath, 1203 . an connsuine bháithtear do gháoidheilg do dhénamh d'ogham san chomhfhocal (a metrical fault), IGT Introd. § 2 (2.36) . ni bhaitheand consain in guthaighi, Metr. Faults § 137.

(e) Of alienating property: ro baith Cathal . . . a cuitid thoisig . . . do Dia, SGS v 54.8 . Domnall . . . ro baith na hule edbarta ro (read ri, ed.) Drostan, 7 . See p. 62 n.3 , 4 .

(f) Intrans. is drowned, is destroyed, becomes extinguished: cia baidit cenna ni baidit mbruighe .i. cia marbh na comarba mairit na tíre, O'D. 550 (H. 3.17, 437). amal turcbas tene focetoir ┐ báidid co prap doridisi, PH 2408. glóir an bhaile mar do bháidh how the glory of the place (sc. Tara) has vanished, DDána 105.12 . báidhidh [an lampa] uáidh féin, Maund. 70.

Vn. bádud.

bratán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bratán or dil.ie/6576
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. (1 brat). See LEIA B-80 . ? Originally a noa term ZCP xlvi 168 . Name of a fish, freq. specifically salmon (see , éicne, magar, maigre) : bradān .i. bir-fud-ēn .i. ēn bīs ar fud in usci, Corm. Y 158 , 1018 (ex. cited s.v. 2 orc). maighre .i. bradán, O'Cl. , Eg. Gl. 454. [noco] bíat brattána isind abainn sin = pisces magni ( Ardm. 10rb12 ), Trip.² 741. ní gaibter brattán (bratána, v.l.) indi isind inbuid se i ngaimriud . . . ró gabsat éicne móra, 1636 . i mmedon īach .i. bratan, Thes. ii 345.14 . Auraic. 5599 , ex. cited s.v. 4 é. do choic bargenaib, mod n-án / ┐ don dá oenbratan, SR 7624. Cf. na dá iasc, 7626 . frithi dam bratan béodha ([m]b.¤ , text), Anecd. i 73 § 206 (ICM), bratan gl. ich, § 207 n . íar nglenamain cnáma bratan ina bragit, LU 4058. a leth 'na bratan ro boi (of a mermaid), 3061 . in lebedan do na bratanaib the whale (as chief) of fishes, PH 6383. na bratana tiagait innti (sc. Muir Marb) . . . eplit focetoir innti `the fish', ZCP xvii 232.26 . do tharr in bradain = de ventre salmonis, Reg. San. 26.1 . bratan isin Bhoaind roghabh / iascaire thighi in Broghadh `salmon', ZCP xi 43 § 36.

Somet. fry, a young fish : in tan is bratan bec dottrascair (said as a taunt), LU 6204. hé maccan ro lamnad de / bratan algan airgdide, 4314 . is don bratān (b. bricc, v.l.) dothaet eó the fry becomes a salmon, Ériu ix 49 § 34.

Fig. bradán Life (of a hero), DDána 117.41 . In phr. b.¤ bethad pulse, life, spirit : an bradan bethadh baoi fo bruinde F.D. ro ela uadha, ZCP x 297.15 . is robheag nach ndeachaidh bradán a beathadh tar bheul Ghráinne re luthgháir roimh Dhiarmuid `the very life', Oss. iii 76.5 . ar mbradán beathadh (of a hero), DDána 79.10 . Cf. sginnis bradán bandachta (opposed to beóspiorad ferdachda, 10 ) `spirit of womanhood' (see Gloss.), Duan. F. i 46.9 .

cétóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétóir or dil.ie/8949

n (1 cét- + 2 úar. On -ó- see GOI 41 . the first time : an chéaduair `from the beginning', Aithd. D. 34.6 . ní ar deiredh chuirthe acht an chédúair, IGT Decl. ex. 1291 (see further below).

Usually with prec. FO at once, forthwith, immediately : arnábad rómár leosom intsamil Crist fochetóir gl. emitatores mei estote, sicut ego Christi `(all) at once', Wb. 11c7 . tainic . . . / illaithiu na casg fo cheduair `first', Blathm. 214 . fucetuair, Vita Br. 17 . focetoir , 35 . la sodain fó chetóir, LU 9127 ( FB 87 ). toiblenann a gait bunaid fo cetoir, Laws iv 34.10 Comm. tair dom chobair fo chētōir `forthwith', Ériu iii 31 § 22 . uochētōir, Fl. Earls 198.6 .

Later with prep. I: ní caointe cách i gcéadóir at all(?), in fact(?), DDána 46.38 . i gcéadóir to begin with, 60.36 . i gcédóir `originally', O'Gr. Cat. 467.8 . ro sírset in tech a cetoir at once, LB 234a59 . a gcētōir `forthwith' (beginning sentence), Fl. Earls 10.20 . ier sin a gcētōir, 138.13 .

In follg. perh. with petrified 3 s. m. poss. adj.: a ch.¤ at once, Sc.M² 2 (sic MS, emended to hi c.¤ ). bá nar lée . . . dul día tig a ch.¤ , LU 3923 ( SCC 44 ). ac[h ?]étóir, Airne F. 301 . ba marb Lugaid achetoir oca descin, Ériu v 212.93 . a cetoir, TTebe 1126 . a chetoir, 3956 etc. ( 'sa chetoir, 4578 ). Note also: ochedoir (taken as ó ch.¤ ), Blathm. 114 and n.

díchetal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchetal or dil.ie/16103

Forms: dícetul, dicetail, ndíchetla

oand u, n. (vn. of 1 do-cain) incantation or spell composed extemporaneously by the `fili's' and druids in ancient Ireland: dicetal file, Laws i 30 . cen ail cen fasach cen dicetal, v 480 . roscad no dichetal (gl. fasach), 450 . dichetal (one of the 14 `srotha éicsi'), LL 30d33 . d.¤ do chennaib na tuaithe (included among the 8th year's course of the `fili'), IT iii 50 . coiri caec-dhuirnn . . . do chor ar teinid . . . ┐ dichetal flatha ┐ filedh ┐ druadh do chetal fair, IT iii 187 . adbeart in dicheadal-sa oc tairrngiri ēisc i n-easaib, Lec. 568a10 . roboi Diancecht ┐ a dí mac ┐ a ingen . . . oc dicetul for an tibrait chanting spells over, RC xii 94 . tarclamad crand do cach fid i nErinn don drui[d] ┐ foreimidh d.¤ foraib co tucad crand do a ḟid F. co ndergenai d.¤ fair `over this [tree] he sang a spell' (but possibly crand do cach fid = piece of wood from each tree and the allusion is to spells written in ogham?), RC xvi 68 . gabais [Finn] a mér ina bēolu: a donic as afrithisi foopairt dicetal `he began to chant' (Finn's discovery of his gift of divination), RC xxv 346 . dichetal for ochtraig co ra-thochra a mbí ina íchtur for a úachtar `chanting over a dunghill', Triads 117 (with gl. .i. adhbhal-cantainn le rosg nó orrtha, p. 39 ). dichan dicetal, 348 . tair lium . . . do ṡinnath na fer ┐ dia ndichetal `to bespell them', RC xiii 450 . dodechatar dorchai tar forgnúis in talman la díchitel in druad, Trip.² 568 = dícetul, Trip. 56 . d.¤ rogaeth, Leb. Gab.(i) 258 (Amergin's chant). d.¤ do chollaibh cend, Anecd. ii 75 . g s. bati[s?] slan a n-athgoite tre nert an dicetail na cethri lēge, RC xii 94 § 123 . bidh trom le feraib Erenn beith ac fulang dichelta (= dichetla) na ndrúadh, TBC-LL¹ 5494 St. mes fér for fodhuil dire direch cach dicedla, O'Gr. Cat. 143 . pl. ra bágait a mbrechta ┐ racanait a ndíchetla, co ra eirgetar a n-airbeda drúad impu, LL 239a47 . tria brichtu ┐ dicetla ┐ cantana nolúited in mathair cach maigin, RC xv 311.8 ( Dinds. 18 ). dican ar dichetlui mora derbha, RC xiii 11 . ataig a díchelta ass, LU 4457 = attaig a guth, Anecd. i 22 . co ro chansat a ndruide seom ┐ a filidh dicealta doib, BB 40a38 ; ib. 21 . Common in phr. d.¤ di (do) chennaib, used of a species of poetical incantation which was composed extemporaneously (implying divination?) (the díchetal di ch. was probably a kind of clairvoyance or psychometry in which the seer conveyed his vision or message in a verse or quatrain ; see the ex. given by Cormac s.v. Coire Brecain. The ollam was required to be proficient in the imbas forosnai and the díchetal di chennaib , cf. BB 341b , Lec. 339a , and Laws v 56 ): ba aī dichetail di chennaib, ZCP xv 362 § 47 , see 363 , xvi 178 . The díchetal d.¤ was allowed by St. Patrick as being harmless and involving no pagan rites: dic[h]etal doc[h]ennaib . . . fodrācbad sōn i cōrus c[h]erdae, ar is soas fodēra son: ni ēcen audbairt do demnaib oca, acht aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae fochēdōir, Corm. Y 756 ; cf. Laws i 44 . dicedul ducendaib .i. dul do a cend a dāna focétoir . . . aisnēt-sium imrādad na rann gin smuainedh ┐ gin smuaintecadh, BB 341b34 = Lec. 339a (dicheadal dochennaib). Dubthach doroine dicetal do cennaib for ēn-anāil do cuingidh feraind for C. composed (recited) a `díchetal di ch.' in one breath, LL 392d52 = Lec. 205b34 . dichetal do chennaib (dicendaib, BB) na tuaithe (part of course for 8th year of a fili's training), IT iii 50 (cf. dichetal do collaib cenn, Rawl. B 512, 114c , Anecd. ii 75 ).

do-airissedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airissedar or dil.ie/17143

Forms: tairisid, tairis, tairissid, do-n-airissiur, du-n-erissider-su, tairissidar, tairisidar, tarsidar, tairisid, tarrassaid, tarrassair, do-airis, tairis, tairises, do-n-airissid, thairiset, nothairissed, tairised, ndoairistis, tairistis, do-airesedar, tairisethar, tairissetar, forsatarrasad, tairised, tairistis, tairisfe, thairisfet, do-n-arrasar, tarrasar-su, tarrasair, tarrusair, tarusair, do-arrastair, tarrustair, tarrasatar, tarraisetar, rotairisetar, tarrastair, tarrasadar, tairistae, tairisem

v (* to-air-siss-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ) later as simple verb tairisid (toir-). IGT Verbs § 65 . Ipv. 2 s. tairis, PH 1182 . 2 pl. tairissid, 1414 . Indic. pres. 1 s. do-n-airissiur, Ml. 79a10 , cf. ib. 9 . 2 s. an du-n-erissider-su , 38c25 (subj. pres., Ped.). 3 s. nad tairissidar , 104b4 . BDD 87 . tairisidar, Hib. Min. 25 . tarsidar, 20 . tairisid, Lat. Lives 44 . tarrassaid, TBC-LL¹ 6066 (leg. tarrassair, pret.?). do-airis, MacCongl. 49.24 . Fél. 2.18 . tairis, TBC-I¹ 3643 . IT iii 101.11 . rel. tairises, PH etc. 2 pl. do-n-airissid, Wb. 14c43 . 3 pl. ní thairiset , LU 2181 . LL 265a10 , etc. Impf. 3 s. nothairissed, RC x 60(LU) . hi tairised , FB § 88 . 3 pl. a ndoairistis , Trip.² 2085 . co tairistis , RC x 58 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do-airesedar, BB 319a28 ( Auraic. 495 ). tairisethar, BDD 130 . 3 pl. ní tairissetar , Ml. 104b4 . Subj. impf. 3 s. forsatarrasad, SR 2552 , 2572 . connā tairised , TBC-LL¹ 1411 . 3 pl. co tairistis , LU 9229 . Fut. 3 s. (?) tairisfe, LU 9768 . 3 pl. ní thairisfet , Hy. vii Pref . . Pret. 1 s. do-n-arrasar, Ériu ii 102 . 2 s. tarrasar-su, SR 1861 . 3 s. tarrasair, SR 1819 , 1633 etc. LL 121b6 . TBC-I¹ 1979 . tarrusair, LU 10443 . tarusair, TE 7 ( IT i 121 ). ní tarrastar, Acr. 13c1 ( Thes. ii 6 ). do-arrastair, CCath. 2526 (sing. for pl.). tarrustair, 86 . 3 pl. tarrasatar, TBC-LL¹ 5822 . CRR 52 . TTr.² 499 . RC xiv 416 . tarraisetar, Trip.² 1255 ( Lat. Lives 31 ). rotairisetar, CCath. 5686 . Later the 3 s. form is occas. used for 3 pl. cf. Lec. 304b8 : is iad sin Breatain Lethan ┐ tarrastair thes dogres = tarrasadar, 301a8 ; 448a23 . Pass. subj. impf. ní tairistae , Fianaig. 10.12 . Vn. tairisem.

(a) Stands, stays, remains (oft. used to gloss Lat. stare and compds.): a ndun-erissider-su gl. adstante te, Ml. 38c25 . ní tarrastar (refers to institit), Acr. 13c1 . do-tharistis . . . dogres ina ḟiadnaise (= adstabant ei), PH 6184 . asin baliu hi tairised, FB § 88 . huare do-n-airissiur hi tuil dæ I abide, Ml. 79a10 . in tairissem do-n-airissid indi with which ye abide in it gl. fide statis, Wb. 14c43 . tarrasair int ṡoillsi stood still (in vale of Gibeon), SR 5109 . fri talmain tairissedar `rests on the ground' (of a spear), BDD 87 . Prosod. ni tairis acht a sillaib fota can end only in a long syllable, IT iii 101.10 . With FOR: irsa . . . is fuirri thairisius in teg uile rests (is supported), Corm. Y 782 . nocho tarnastair (leg. tarrastair) mo rosc for tulaich my eye rested not, TBC-I¹ 3410 . is for sunn tairister (= tarrustar?) bretha buain judgements are based (gl. dofeisidar), Laws iv 64 Comm. In impers. construction: in caingen forsa tairisfe ocainni innossa the rule on which it shall stand with us (i.e. which we shall fix), RC vi 164 . Endures, persists: tarrasair cródatu Alaxandir in tan rofitir a ṡaegul do thidecht, Alex. 1035 . bá assa ni tairista it had been easy not to persist, Fianaig. 10 . Folld. by prep. and vn. persists (in), continues (to): tarrasatar ed ciana ic imsellad a chéile, TTr.² 499 . tarasair . . . for lomrad a smer don mhuine went on picking blackberries, Lism. L. 1891 . nōi fechtas do-n-arrasar aitherruch do precept nine times I continued to preach again, Ériu ii 102 . With FRI stands against, endures, etc.: tarrusair Isu frisna dallaib stood (halted) in front of, PH 4412 . ní thairisfet demna fria gnúis shall not (dare to) face him, Hy. vii Pref. tarrasair fris withstood him, TTr.² 1202 . triar fer . . . nacha sella duini tairisethar fri an teora drecha éitchi whose hideous countenances no human eyes can stand against, BDD § 130 . Note also: tairisis menma in righ fria mac the king's heart yearned towards, Lism. L. 3035 .

(b) Hence exists, is, happens (to be): tarrasair in carpat a óinur forsin maig the chariot was (happened to be) alone, LL 121b6 . ba sí ant ṡamhain tarrusair ind an tan sin it happened to be November at the time, Hugh Roe 262 . cia lín gcinél n-ecsamail i tarrasatar in (to) how many different races are they (divided), Rawl. 69a21 = i tairraichsedar, Lec. 65b29 . isna tri haesaib i tairisend .i. a ngillacht, a n-óite, a sendataid, PH 3976 . Folld. by ó consists of (in): cruit deichdi .i. co tarsidar o .x. tētaib, Hib. Min. 20 . cētna airtecul do-airis ō rainde ┐ ō chotib fadén which consists of its own parts and divisions, MacCongl. 49 .

With impers. construction (freq. in this sense): tarusair d'Oilill co cenn mbliadna hi sirgalur, TE 7 . fecht n-oen d'O Domhnaill . . . tarrusair occa dul for ammus na nGall he happened to go (decided to go as in (a) above?), Hugh Roe 254 . tarrusttuir doib ant re headh an chaomhlaeithe they were (happened to be) there, ZCP x 289 . gus an maighin a ttarustair é budhdhein in which he himself was, Hugh Roe 182 . rolá [Ó D.] diorma marcshloicch . . . tars na rédhmaighibh i ttarrasair é, AFM v 1612 . tarrastair .i. tarla, O'Cl. Note also: tarrasair airre happened upon her, Keat. ii 5245 = rostarraig, Metr. Dinds. i 22 . Further: is cetheora erca discnidther no tarrustar (gl. it cetheora eirca docuisin), Laws i 272 Comm.

(c) comes to a stand, halts, stops, pauses: amal nad tairissidar side inneuch as it (a wheel set in motion) does not stop anywhere, Ml. 104b4 . a mbaili hi tairisfet (= ubicumque requiescent), Lat. Lives 19 . tarrassaid (leg. -air?) inn irgal im chend Connacht the conflict paused, TBC-LL¹ 6066 . rotairis in rith fola focetoir , PH 2793 . tarrasais in sruth na thoss dia rēmim, SR 1633 . o tharrustair in t-ēn for in tēt, YBL 165a26 . rothoris A. im bun chroind `took his stand', TTebe 1818 . Fig. tairisid a aicned his frame of mind is settled (grows calm), Lism. L. 3121 . (Impers.) tarrasair aice for torandchless cóic cét he stopped at, TBC-I¹ 1979 .

(d) Occas. in sense of do-airret: in gach maighin a ttarusair carardhorcha na hoidhche iatt in which . . . overtook them, Hugh Roe 240 . tairisis Lugaid . . . in laegh ┐ coscrais L. in láeg L. overtook (caught) the calf, BB 252b29 ( SG ii 489 ) = tárthis, Cóir Anm. 70 .

do-coímthet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-coímthet or dil.ie/17427

Forms: docoemtet

v (* to-com-imm-tét, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 644 ) accompanies: docoemthet a heslinn co innill he accompanies them from an unsafe to a safe place, Laws i 242.8 . dogni gnimu olchena .i. co n-imtet do-caomteit, 244.10 Comm. fer conimtet ┐ do comthet, 240.28 , 242.28 Comm. = docoemtet, H 3.17 (Plummer MS. notes). doscomtet focetoir , O'Curry 879 ( H 3.18 394a ).

do-fúasailci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fúasailci or dil.ie/17700

Forms: dofuasilci, dofuasalcat, dunforsailc, -torslaic, doforsailced, túasailcthe, túaslucud

v (*to-fo-uss-léic-). See GOI p. 526 . Also with stem do-fos-, in perf. do-fors- (-ó-?). Indic. pres. 3 s. dofuasilci, Ml. 127a17 . 3 pl. dofuasalcat, Sg. 19a1 . Perf. 3 s. dunforsailc, Ml. 125a9 . -torslaic, SR 5287 . Pass. perf. s. doforsailced, Ml. 118d20 . Part. túasailcthe. Vn. túaslucud. Freq. treated as simple vb. with stem tuaslaic-. IGT Verbs §§ 50 , 65 .

In O.Ir. glosses usually = Lat. solvere or compds.: gl. solvere, Ml. 29b10 , 127a17 , 18 , 131d1 ; dissolvere (desolvere), 91c8 , Sg. 71a19 ; resolvere, Ml. 118d20 . Hence in general sense loosens, relaxes, etc.

(a) sets free, releases: iarsindi contanrairlic hi ndo[i]ri, dunforsailc hi soiri iarum, Ml. 125a9 . as cach ing donforslaice taithmet anmae Ignati may . . . release us, Hy. i 18 . amal fōides in n-aingel . . . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid, 33 (rotuaslaic, gl.). rī . . . donfuaslaic dochum nimi, SR 7519 . tofuasilcea cimmidi nach ait indaaiccither, Anecd. iii 57.19 . tuaslaicfid na huli filet i carcair, PH 3863 . rothuaslaicset . . . popul na ngénnte ó fhógnum hídal, 4564 . Exceptionally intrans.: rotuaslaic do mac[aib] Israel asin dāire, CCath. 30 .

(b) loosens, dissolves, resolves (into constituent elements): is i ndi guthaigthi dofuasilcther deogur the diphthong is resolved into two vowels, Sg. 18a6 . int sonartae inna múr doforsailced hil-luaithred gl. resolutam in pulverem, Ml. 118d20 . tuáslaicfiter ┐ legfait ri tes tened brátha, RC xxv 234 . rotuaislaiced focetoir fo aicned na ndula, PH 6979 . ro túaslaicthe for aicned na ndul, LU 2518 . Fig. doforsailced in doire, Ml. 131d1 .

(c) loosens (a sword), i.e. unsheathes: nochtais (dofuasuilgi, v.l.) C. in claideb, RC vi 175 . tofoslaicc O. in claideb, RC xii 106 § 162 . dotorsilcitis (when) they were unsheathed (of swords), ib. doroslaigset a claidbiu, TTr.² 1608 . dofoslaici claidim, YBL 180a14 . batar tuaslaicthe cloidib, Alex. 12 .

(d) solves (a question, etc.): dofúasailcet a n-immchomarc, Sg. 27a2 . cach ceist duilig . . . nothúaslaicfed Media, LL 221a49 ( TTr. 309 ). nā bi for snim th'aislinge; ata 'sin charcair . . . duini tuaslaicfe who will interpret it, SR 3284 . dofúaslaic fír cech ndochar truth clears up every difficulty, Tec. Corm. 56 n. 34 .

(e) relaxes, remits (bondage, an obligation, etc.): mad fri hécin mōir, tuaslaicthir im-medon in tredain sin if (the three-days' fast be) to repel a great distress, relief is granted in the middle of the fast, RC xii 430 § 21 . na sruithi na tuaslaicitis in áine . . . acht in domnach namá, PH 5559 . ind āine in chesta doforslaicde [la?] Colm Cille for noebaib hErenn, Mon. Tall. § 68 . nico dlegar tuaslucud for feoil . . . conid toslicea ind anmchara there ought to be no relaxation as to flesh . . . till the confessor grant it, § 51 .

(f) dissolves, destroys: tuaslaicid-si in tempul-sa destroy this temple, PH 3446 . co rotuaislaicthe na cethri rigshuide déc, 1256 . is [ar] tairmtecht timna Dé do na rigaib tuaslaicter síth ┐ comhchetfaid ina popul, 4229 .

do-fuissim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fuissim or dil.ie/17709

Forms: dufuismiu, dofuismim, d., dofhuisim, dufuissemar, dofhuisemar, torsamad, dofuisēmha, dofussema, dofuisémthar, notusémtha, doforsat, doḟorsat, dorōsat, doruasat, dorrōsata, -torsata, tuiste, tuistiu, tuismid, doruisim

v (* to-uss-sem-, GOI p. 526 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. dufuismiu, Thes. i 497.6 ( Ardm. 177b1 ). dofuismim, Sg. 182b2 . 3 s. d.¤ , Ml. 111a13 . (rel.) dofhuisim, Sg. 61a2 . Pass. s. dufuissemar, Ml. 121b6 . (rel.) dofhuisemar, Sg. 61a2 . ? Subj. impf. 3 s. nad torsamad gl. non iam creaverat, Enchir. Aug. 79b ( ZCP vii 483 ). Fut. 2 s. dofuisēmha, Cóir Anm. 251 . 3 s. dofussema, LL 367 marg. sup. Pass. dofuisémthar, Wb. 4c7 . Condit. pass. notusémtha, Three Hom. 56.5 . Perf. 3 s. doforsat, Ml. 17b2 , 6 . doḟorsat (rel.), Sg. 31b5 . dorōsat, 31b2 . PCr. 15a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). doruasat, SR 7871 , 7977 , etc. Pass. pl. dorrōsata, ZCP xi 94 § 32 . -torsata, Ml. 120c7 , 99a8 .

Part. tuiste. Vn. tuistiu. Cf. ise cét-tustidi Adaim Cain the first-begotten , Lec. 385a20 .

In Mid.Ir. freq. as simple vb. tuismid (cf. perf. 3 s. doruisim, Rawl. 72b5 ). See also tuismigid, tuisnigid, tuistigid. See IGT Verbs §§ 68 , 106 .

I Used for do-essim pours out, pours forth: intan dofuissemar sechtair a síl sin ┐ gainethar hón máthir. . . . is ainm do fructus , Ml. 44a11 . (Of a flagstone) dofuisim husce exudes water, Trip.² 87 . ma tuisim sil comperta tria imradud, Ériu vii 142 § 12 . neuch douisim sil compertae, § 16 (see also s.v. do-essim).

II

(a) begets, generates: is hó Isaác dofuisémthar a sil nairegde, Wb. 4c7 . d.¤ gl. germinantis, Ml. 111a13 . issed a aicned cenéuil ní doḟuisim ┐ dofhuisemar something that generates and is generated (of gender), Sg. 61a2 . Cf. ni ainm ferinnsci no baninsci acht du neoch dufuisium ┐ o tuisimar, Auraic. 565 . mor easba in talman meni tusmedh clanda, 628 . is tre fhír flathemon clanna cáine tusmiter, ZCP xi 83.4 . corothuismiset | trenfir ┐ trenchoraid, SR 2403 . (Of a cleric) ma dufusme clann, Ériu vii 142.19 . cuirp na ndaine ┐ na n-anmanna archena genit ┐ tusmitir dina sílaib deréolaib, RC xxv 252.x . cia lin do chlainn rothusmistar Adam, Rawl. 69a34 . rothusmistair [Cainen] maccu ┐ ingena, Lec. 532a26 . an tathair ór thúismeasdair, 3 C 13, 901.13 . ní rotuismedh ierdraighi . . . etorra, Fl. Earls 192.18 . With prepp.: in tan rothuisim Isaac o Sarra, BB 5a57 . dorusim maccu aili ó Chethura, Rawl. 72b6 . cor toirrcedh Iachtastain . . . gur tusmistar da mac uaithi, D IV 2, 77rb4 . rothuissim Noi tri maccu re siair fesin, Lec. 67a36 .

(b) conceives: cu rothuisim fócetoir ┐ co ruc mac, Lism. L. 4652 . aimbrit side coro thusim in mac amra .i. Samúel, LB 128a27 .

(c) bears, brings forth (offspring): andofuismet gl. parentia, Sg. 69b9 . na sothe .i. ní dofhuisim terra gl. foetus, 64a14 . dofuisēmha mac, Cóir Anm. 251 . tainicc inbhaidh na hingine . . . rothusimh in mac robhui 'na broinn, Lism. L. 2830 . isin aidchi sin rothuisim a ben ingin do, Anecd. iii 73.22 . rotusimh . . . a toirrchus for chenn na blai, CF x 35 ( LL 379a ). tofuisim a mbanscál mac cind nói mís, RC ix 454.9 . rothuisim sidhi dias cloindi do, xiii 9.6 . láir trogais (.i. tusmis) dí lurchure (.i. dá serrach), IT i 138 (berid, v.l.). arróet Iosep . . . noem Muire . . . co ro-thusim a mac prim-geni till she brought forth her first-born, PH 6917 . in Bethil Iúda . . . cathair . . . in ro-tusmed Isu Crist, 6936 . rotusmit geni torotharda imda, CCath. 891 . asé in mac thusmes [in cétben] is oigri air, Marco P. 67 . ba derbh lais nar tusmedh ┐ nach tusmighfe nech oca mbiadh cēt sūil, 125 . ni thusmidter gein innti nach scribhthar a ainm, 140 . gur thusmighset in da rigain cona cumalaib da mac dec, BB 5b28 . is inunn gradh ata agum duid ┐ don mathair romtuisme, Lib. Flav. ii 5ra39 . ní rotuismedh clann . . . dó, Fl. Earls 222.9 . a chlann ar tús sul tuismid | gnath dho dealbad áruisnid (of the pelican), O'Gr. Cat. 461.8 . Note also: dobhí . . . ben Aonghuis torrach . . . ┐ dogabhadh no gur tuismedh í until she was delivered, Rel. Celt. ii 162.20 .

III

(a) creates, fashions: amal as messe dudaforsat inna duli gl. qui conditor operum meorum sum, Ml. 94b7 . huare asmbeirsom as ṅduil dæ dodaforsat inna ídlu, 130a6 . duforsaisset gl. creavere, 110a8 (but perh. for duforásaisset, see note). cid torbae ara torsata . . . duli, 120c7 . ba bithnuagud inid torsat Dia in which God created him (i.e. Adam), Laws i 129 . he donrosat do nephní, SR 7518 . in rí doruasat cech cri, 7871 . ri . . . dorósat gréne goho, 8098 . do chomdelbaid . . . tú doru[a]ssat, 2174 . na huili anmanna . . . dodosrosat mo nóebrí, 1110 . flaith . . . dorúasat bith, Imr. Brain § 27 . ónd ríg do rea rúasat who has created the spaces, § 48 (see Ériu viii 99 ). ba dia dheilbh ┐ a chosmailius doforsat, Ériu ii 132 § 105 . do atluchud dond Ríg dorúasat túarai who created food, iii 102 § 31 . in Fiada find . . . | domrosat fo baithis, Trip.² 1632 . fri fer dososat (leg. dorosat) hec omnia .i. Dia, Laws i 22.21 . ma rothusmis na huli do nefní tria bréthir, PH 4796 . ro-hícc Dia in ni nar thusmestar ar tús .i. na súile, 2295 . is aendia donrosat dia réir, Alex. 880 . rotusim Dia in duni fo imaigin foden, Lec. 528b14 . rotuisim Dia bleidmili mora muridi, 528ay 0 . is tusca rotusmed tu fen oltas Adam, MacCarthy 50.15 .

(b) founds, establishes: Romuil dorosat ciuitatem , PCr. 15a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). Cicrops dorósat in cathraig, Sg. 31b2 . andoforsat condens , BCr. 40d1 ( Thes. ii 28 ). im chumachtu ór thuismestar aicned na n-dúl (= virtus qua condidit . . .), FA § 1 (LB). on chetna oenuch Olimp co rotusmed Roim, Rawl. 73b23 . ratusmed Róm ar indróe, LL 144a6 . contuilem i n-uamaib amail dorosait Dia dún, Alex. 886 (dosratait, v.l., cf. Anecd. v 4.4 ). lenmait isnaib rechtaib donrosat Dia has established for us, 899 .

(c) produces, engenders (fig.), causes: robu dufuissemar gl. aut æditur (= ēditur), Ml. 121b6 . cid dofuisim guth .i. cred tuismis no coimedus in guth? what generates word? O'Dav. 988 . lesmac .i. lis-mac .i. arindi dofuissim [lis] don fiur nō don mnái because he is a begetter of strife, Corm. Y 798 .

Intrans. arises (fig.): ar cach cenel labhartha dotuisim ar beolu duine, Auraic. 1952 (dohuisimar, v.l.). Cf. rothusim o Cham na cnead | deich primcenela fichet, Lec. 75a14 .

do-furgaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-furgaib or dil.ie/17714

Forms: turcabthae, turcbál

v (* to-ro-uss-gaib-, GOI p. 526 . Otherwise Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 530 . See do-fócaib).

I

(a) raises, lifts up (corresponding to lit. sense of Lat. tollere): do-m-urcbaid suas lift me up, LL 126a51 . turcbaid-sium a oenluirg n-ániusa, TBC-I¹ 913 (tocbaid, St.). difurgaib-side . . . a gaisced uas gaiscedaib in tshluaigh, Anecd. v 11 = IT i 100 § 8 . immalle doaurcbad doib a cossa ┐ fosruimet they lift their feet, TBC-I¹ 3312 . . . . mōrfer taurcbad illtonna fri n-iach n-amulach who raise up many billows against the beardless salmon-hero (?), 987 (rhet.). ma [a]dellad in duine dourgbad cnoc and it would raise a lump, Corm. Y 975 . intan dourgabtaís a láma fri tabairt béime, TTr.² 1705 . co turcba a bolga corcra fora agaigh, YBL 126a28 . tairnid indara ceand cia torcba aroile, Ériu v 238 . filleam gluine, turgbam lama let us lift our hands (in prayer), Lec. 593b7 . connā turgebtis a n-aigthe la Goedelu so that they should not lift their faces, RC viii 50 . turcbais (tocbais, St.) ┐ tasbenais do feraib hErend in cend, TBC-LL¹ 1422 . turgabair suas, LL 126a53 . ni digbaid a soillsi cia turcbaither . . . coinnle aile friu, Anecd. v 1.18 = cia turrgaibther, Alex. 814 . ri tarcbad fiad chuirib clann (: tardad) who was lifted up (on the Cross), SR 7751 .

With pers. form of FOR takes on oneself (fig.): is romōr turcbais-[s]eo fort, Anecd. i 9.18 .

(b) raises, sets up, erects (a stone, building, etc.); later often of building, constructing in general: dond ail turcaib for in tráig, LL 1398 . ar Coimdiu . . . turcbaid cech gne, cech cumtach, SR 7694 . rí . . . doforgaib osna múraib erordaib, 531 . is leis rothurcbad o lár | in cumtach, 7029 . āit a ndēndais a cētgaisced turcbaitis a corthi, Ériu viii 156 . bidh tāilgionn rostoirgeba who shall found it (of monastery of Áth Ferna), BNnÉ 193 .

(c) uplifts, elevates, exalts: turgbad lubru la triunu, Tec. Corm. § 6.27 . turcbad firinni; dofuirceba, ZCP xi 91 § 7 . ní rath tíri teclumus; ní treóin ó tír turgebhus, LL 386a43 = ní treoin ó thír thuirgebdaidh, Leb. Cert. 200 , ni ra treoin o tir tairgebas, BB 128b15 . menma tuinne torcabair the spirit of the wave is uplifted, Otia ii 81 .

(d) raises (a cry, the voice, etc.), utters, enounces: dufurcbat gl. (verba) promebat, Ml. 72b7 . dururgab gl. depromsit verba, 72c16 . amal ata turcabthi inná epertasin gl. prolata, 32b1 . dofurcabar tríit fessin gl. per se prolatum, Sg. 43a3 . ní turgabar ade . . . cen guttai gl. proferri non potest, 4b14 . dorurgabtha gl. sunt prolata, 61a15 . nach tan dofurgaib int augtur bréthir fora gin sechtair, Hib. Min. 410 . intan . . . noturcbad son a gotha, Ériu iv 30 . turcbaid a hainm declare its name, BB 408b26 . na guthacha is iatside dourgbad treothu fein (= per se proferuntur), Auraic. 366 = is iatside dourgabat fein, Lec. 308b39 .

(e) rears, brings up: nin-aile, nin turcaba (of a bad parent), LL 346a33 = ni turcaba, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 21 . Elisabeth, Sacairarsci . . . issiat sin turgaib Eóin, Ériu iv 178 . hitē turcaibset inn ingin, Rawl. 133b8 .

(f) raises up, produces, causes: an dufurgaib in chomfrithorcun ón gl. collisio . . . signa proferens, Ml. 138b1 . annarbu thurgabthae when (impiety) was not produced (refers to profertur), 86d14 . ri roordaig ocht ngaetha, torgaib . . . cethri primgaetha, . . . cethri fogaetha, SR 46 . rí rosáer Loth . . . dia targbad in plág badbda (: tardad, 7307 ). Cf. 2915 . ? rí dosrergai b. . . fri serggad, fri inforbart (of plants), 7293 . rotuisim Dia . . . inn uili n-anmand rothurcbadar na husci (= omnem animam quam produxerunt aquae, Gen. i 21 ), Lec. 528b1 .

(g) raises, begins, undertakes, engages in: turcbait a fedma uile | do ríg Berba, Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . ni torgaib nach d[a]iscor na mār no pauper undertakes anything great, Laws ii 254 . mided cāch a cōir ara torgaba a māma that he may undertake (proportionate) duties (?), ib.

II Intrans.

(a) rises: dururgaib gl. emersit, Ml. 63a15 . durugabsam gl. emerserimus, Acr. 8c1 ( Thes. ii 4 ). intan donórcaib grian, TBC-I¹ 3443 . bali i turgaib grían, LL 223b17 . ond airiur as torgaib grian, SR 8105 . turcgeba sruth sroibtened | a huillib talman, 8089 , cf. 8105 . tricha torc na torgabhaid that cannot stand up (?), Leb. Cert. 62 . amal turcbas tene focetoir ┐ báidid co prap doridise, PH 2407 . dias dourgcbad osin tshluag, Rawl. 88b52 .

(b) In allied senses arises, appears, comes forth: i n-óen fhecht . . . turbcat don choemchrund duille ┐ bláth ┐ mess, Metr. Dinds. iii 288 . ní thurcaibh crand tria ūir cēt míle fria taebhaibh, Marco P. 11 . na hilgalra turcbait in cach tuaith, ACL iii 315 § 37 . co breithe na cennathae i turgaib in cest, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17 439 ).

Part. turcabthae. Vn. turcbál.

do-rogaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-rogaib or dil.ie/18383

Forms: dorogbaim, dorogaib, dorogbat, -targabat, ndorogba, doragba, ndorogbid, dorogbáinn, durogbusa, dorogab, torgab, dorogabsat, dorogbad, torgabthe, targabál

v (* to-ro-gaib-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 532 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. dorogbaim, Ml. 43a5 . 3 s. dorogaib, 16c13 . 3 pl. dorogbat, 28d11 . -targabat, Ériu vii 144 § 29 . Subj. pres. 3 s. a ndorogba , Wb. 22b9 . doragba, Laws ii 242.15 . a ndorogbid , Wb. 27b18 . Subj. impf. 1 s. dorogbáinn, Ml. 39a18 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. durogbusa, 23c13 . 3 s. dorogab, 71b14 . ho torgab , 32a23 . 3 pl. dorogabsat, 54a36 . Pass. dorogbad, Ml. 58d1 . Part. torgabthe. Vn. targabál.

Commits (a fault, crime), transgresses ; apparently confined to O.Ir. glosses, laws, and early relig. lit. Translates admittere (iniquitatem, peccatum), Ml. 23c13 , 27c17 , 32a23 , 43a5 , 58d1 ; committere, 16c13 , 23c14 , 28d11 , 39a18 , 54a36 , 71b14 . fear asren ni na torgaib ┐ fer doragaib ni nad eren, Laws iii 156.3 , 156.4 . do cach cairigchiug dorogaibtur friu `for every accusation that is preferred against them', ii 62.21 . masa turgabail roturgabuit `if trespass has been committed', 132.11 Comm. fubithin inna pecthae durogab, Ml. 11b28 . amail bis nert . . . indíí torgaba in chinaith, Ériu vii 142.11 . noloiscthe nech dorogbad (sic leg.) olc anyone who used to do evil, O'Mulc. 227 . a ḟaisitiu amal dorogbaither focétoir confessing it immediately it has been committed, LB 10a23 .

forassaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forassaigid or dil.ie/23328

v desists (?): withdraws (?): (of a cow possessed by a demon) itchonnairc ... demon for a druimm: atbert fria demon: Forassaig on anmanna nemurchoitech. Forassaig demon focetóir (= desiste ... innoxium animal agitare ... abscessit Lat. Lives 99 ) RC ii 398 § 37 , where Stokes suggests ` dismount .' Cf. érassaigidir ?.

íarmi-foich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarmi-foich or dil.ie/27020

Forms: iarmafoich, iarmifoig, íarmifóich, no-n-iarfaig, iarmindochad, iarfaig, n-iarfais, iarfais, n-iarfastar, iarmidoísed, iarmifoistis, iarmifoiset, iarmifoset, iarfassat, riarfact, iarmfacht, iarmofocht, iarmoracht, iarmifoacht, iarmofuacht, immafoacht, immafoucht, iarfoacht, iarfacht, iarfach, riarfactatar, iarfachtatar, iarmifochtatar, iarfachta, iarfasti, imfacht, atfócht, confóchta, bar-íarfacht, íarfaigid, fíarfaigid, fíafraigid, iarfaigend, iarfaithigh, iarfaigid, fiarfaighthear, bhfiafruighthear, fiarfaigh, fíafruigh, no-iarfaigind, ḟiarfaiged, n-iarfaigea, íarfaighear, n-iarfaiged, bhfiafraigheadh, iarfaigfet, fiarfóchad, iarfoc[h]a, iarfaigthea, fíarfocha, fiabhroighesa, ḟiarfaigis, iarfaigis, fiafraigh, fiarfaigustar, ro-iarfaigsim-ne, iarfachsat, fiarfaigetar, ro-ḟ[i]arfaighsid

v indic. pres. s. 3 iarmafoich, Sg. 198b3 . iarmifoig, Ml. 70c6 . íarmifóich, RC ix 482.x . no-n-iarfaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.1 . impf. s 3 amal iarmindochad , Ml. 58c7 . ipv. s. 2 iarfaig, SR 6976. subj. pres. s 1 con iarfus, SR 7837. s. 3 dia n-iarfais , Arch. Hib. ii 74 § 69 (= LL 184b19 ). iarfais, Metr. Dinds. iv 104.39 . pass. dia n-iarfastar , O'Dav. 1329. subj. past s. 3 iarmidoísed, Ml. 32a5 . pl. 3 iarmifoistis, Thes. i 498.15 (Ardm.). fut. pl. 3 iarmifoiset, AU i 90.15 = iarmifoset, RC xvii 172. y . iarfassat, IT i 69.13 (= LL 259b38 ). pret. and perf. s. 3 nád riarfact , Wb. 2a18 . iarmfacht, Mon. Tall. 144.18 . iarmofocht, 159.20 . iarmoracht, 133.7 . iarmifoacht, TBC-I¹ 549. iarmofuacht, TTr. 1291. immafoacht, LU 1757. 8544 . immafoucht (? immafouacht), RC xii 72.13 . iarfoacht, TBC-LL¹ 1107. ra iarfacht , TBC-LL¹ 194. SR 3093. ro iarfach , CRR § 12. pl. 3 nád riarfactatar , Wb. 2a19 . ro iarfachtatar , Anecd. ii 54.z . iarmifochtatar, 49.18 . verb. necess. iarfachta, Thes. ii 295 §3 . iarfasti, Trip.² 2513.

With confusion of preverbal particles : imfacht, TBC-LL¹ 1769. atfócht, 4249 . confóchta, 412 . bar-íarfacht, MU² 511.

In Mid. Ir. conjugated as a weak verb, íarfaigid, with prothetic f-, fíarfaigid, and with metathesis, fíafraigid. pres. s. 3 ros iarfaigend , Ériu v 221.13 . iarfaithigh (leg. iarfaigid), Anecd. i 62 § 102. pass. s. fiarfaighthear, TD 39 § 10. 'na bhfiafruighthear , TSh. p. 160. ipv. s. 2 fiarfaigh, TD 2 § 6. fíafruigh, Kings 1 xxii 5 . impf. s. 1 no-iarfaigind, PH 2621. s. 3 no ḟiarfaiged , Lat. Lives 93.7 . subj. pres. s. 2 co n-iarfaigea (gl. co n-airlither), LU 5991. pass. gé íarfaighear , IGT Decl. ex. 1909. subj. impf. s. 3 dia n-iarfaiged , Laws i 96.4 Comm. dá bhfiafraigheadh , TSh. 1148. fut. s. 1 iarfaigfet, PH 1802. fiarfóchad, O'Gr. Cat. 470.13. 2 iarfoc[h]a, CCath. 4082. sec. fut. s. 2 ni iarfaigthea , Ériu v 20.25 . do fíarfocha , Mer. Uil. 279. pret. and perf. s. 1 nar fiabhroighesa , ZCP vi 105.1 . 2 ro ḟiarfaigis , Acall. 2854. 3 iarfaigis, LU 8535. ró fiafraigh , TBC-LL¹ p. 733 n. 3 . ro fiarfaigustar , Laws i 252.22 Comm. pl. 1 ro-iarfaigsim-ne, PH 2290. 3 ro iarfachsat , PH 1959. ro fiarfaigetar , TBC-LL¹ p. 135 n. 18 . ro-ḟ[i]arfaighsid, KMMisc. 315.6 .

(a) With direct object, seeks after, inquires about (somebody or something). Followed by DO or DE governing the person inquired of. DO is regular in the earlier language. In Mid. Ir. it is partly replaced by DE : huaire nád riarfactatar dia, Wb. 2a19 . huaire nád riarfact `since he has not sought Him,' 18 . cid iarfachta ni insa `though it be to be asked,' Thes. ii 295 § 3. ni ed iarmafoich-som, Sg. 198b3 . bé ḟind ... imma curaid cossenait immat ardríg iarfassat many the high-kings who will seek (her), IT i 69.13 (= LL 259b38 ). it hé inso inna edbarta iarmifoig som, Ml. 70c6 . amal iarmindochad `as he used to seek it,' 58c7 . [i]armifoistis gl. inquessituri sint, Thes. i 498.15 (Ardm.). ro ḟiarfaig a brathair fócetóir `he enquired at once for his brother,' IT i 128.9 . fíarfruigh bríathar an Tighearna aniugh, 1 Kings xxii 5 . do fíarfocha-do choin thou wouldst ask for thy dog, Mer. Uil. 279. ro íarfacht scéla dó, Trip.² 1408. íarmifóich ní nách aithgenaid-si, RC ix 482.x . ra iarfacht fiss ┐ fastini de, TBC-LL¹ 194. is e no-derscnaiged dam cech ní no-iarfaigind de, PH 2621. ro íarfacht in gaíth do Benén I inquired of Benen concerning the wind, LU 9242. no ḟiarfaiged M. ainmm ┐ aimsir a chesta in martír hísin, Lat. Lives 93.7 . senchas cía lín noniarfaig `what company asks us the legend,' Metr. Dinds. iii 276.1 . asbert ... nambad iarfasti a chiniud la cách no one would inquire about his race (i.e. he would not be famous), Trip.² 2513. iarmífoiset ... sil Mescáin, AFM i 238.8 .

(b) With no object expressed, makes an inquiry : ni iarfaigthea amlaid | da festa in anmain idain, Ériu v 20.25 . ma fuair nech dia n-iarfaiged, ocus ni ro fiarfaig if he found anyone of whom he might have inquired and he did not inquire, Laws i 96.4 - 5 Comm. intan fogeba nech dia niarfaidhedh, ii 52.7 Comm.

(c) Followed by a direct or indirect question : amal bid nech iarmidoísed dosom cid ara todlaigther inso ... as if someone had asked him, Ml. 32a5 . īarfacht M. do helair... dús ind gebad..., Mon. Tall. 128.14 . iarfacht dóib Samuel. ... `cid ta[ch]thi Día for coimdeid ?,' SR 5529. ialmifóchtatar side dóib cía dolluide, Imr. Brain § 64. iarfais nech and cía díne rogab in insi `some one might ask,' Metr. Dinds. iv 104.39 . ro fiarfaigustar Senca cia ainm, ar se, na mna..., Laws i 252.22 Comm. dia n-iarfais nech ... cia, Arch. Hib. ii 74 § 69. cu ro ḟiafraig do aen do mhoghuibh Failghi cait i mbui F., Lat. Lives 64.10 . immafoacht dó `cía mulend so ?,' LU 1757. ro-iarfaig de : `cuin,' ol se, `tanic in himagin,' PH 207. iarfaigis in fer cetna ... : `Indat facsi don purt ?,' RC x 52.13 .

(d) consults ? : do cach cheist chialchaid rotchná | iarfaig in Pedamachá, SR 6976.

imbádud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbádud or dil.ie/27286
Last Revised: 2019

[n u, m.] later o, m.

I (3 imm-, im- + bádud) act of contending together in the water trying to duck or drown one another (probably a type of sport) : lodar didiu isin muir do imbādud (imbadad MS) co rambāid in mac fa dō, Ériu i 118 § 11. grennaigit in macrad eisium im techt d'ímbadha[dh] friu ... bádid nonbur dib, RC v 200.2 .

II (2 imm-+ b.)

(a) drowning (in shipwreck), wallowing: rosaertha focétoir dia n-imbádud, Lat. Lives 99.11 . buailis in ainbhthine forbha in loingis fria taebhaibh ... cu mbatar a laeich ┐ a milid for immbathad, Marco P. § 149. bídis araill ele ic imairecc in catha frisna bidhbadaibh tecmhaitis for imbádhadh dóibh, CCath. 2152. gach a ttearna ... on iombáthadh remráite (of the drowning of many people), AFM iii 226.3 . do chóidhsiot an lucht ele fó iombáthadh gus an ccampa, `in danger of being drowned,' v 1846.19 . swamping (a boat) : cid uatha cid sochaide ro-aentaigh inn imbadhudh `whether few or many have consented to swamping,' (the boat), Laws iii 252.4 Comm. immersion ? : tucad ō ḟindĀdham ind | a himbāthad do Iac[h]im (of the Blessed Virgin), ZCP viii 562.2 .

(b) Fig. overwhelming : ag réamhfhaisnéis gacha onfaise ┐ gacha iommbáitte every overwhelming, TSh. 6689. beag gach guais achd a ghábhadh | losgadh ann is iombádhadh burning in it is utter overwhelming (of hell), DDána 37.37 . ní chlaochlóidh cuing a n-oinigh ... le goimh iombádhaidh Éireann neath the fierceness of Ireland's ruin, 102.3 . no bidis araill ele for a n-anfadh ┐ for a n-imbádhudh 'others were at their last gasp and sinking', CCath. 2009 . a núair do bhí mo spiorad ar na iombháthadh `my spirit swooned away,' Psalms lxxvii 3.

scaílid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scaílid or dil.ie/36264

Forms: scaílte, scaíled

v (cf. scaíl) IGT Verbs § 71 (224.22) .

I Intrans.

(a) bursts, scatters, spreads : na scailed no na maided would burst, Laws v 472.4 Comm . cóica samaisce . . . no scáiltis imma loegu `platzten um ihre Kälber', TBC-LL¹ 1531 . cor scáil gairge in tened . . . | tar cethri hairdi hÉrend spread abroad, Metr. Dinds. ii 42.15 . scaílis a cride 'n-a curp `her heart burst', iv 148.33 . roscail sruth Iordanen re tuaith Dé divided before God's people, RC xii 434 § 38 . da tegmadh co sgailfeadh arin sicne, Irish Texts v 5.1 . do scailetar na glais the locks burst open, BCC 296 (316.41) . do sgaoileadar na sgiatháin `gave way' (Daedalus), TD 20.35 . innte rosgaoil . . . | Loch Riach burst forth, ML 98.3 . scailid an t-aer ┐ lethnaidh expands, Ir. Astr. Tr. 54.11 . C. . . . roscáil scíam whose beauty spread abroad (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 164.5 (rosclai, v.l.). ó do sgaoil cunnradh na gcéidfhear broke down, Aithd. D. 31.26 .

(b) of persons divide, scatter, separate, part company (usually with pl. or collect. subject): scailit uad fo-dess, fo-thuaid, Ériu vii 224 § 39 . ar na teichtís úad ┐ ar ná scáiltís immi, TBC-LL¹ 2647 . clanna I. uli | scāilseat fon mbith, Ériu iv 174.1 . scáilidh . . . cách o chele dib dia tigib, RC xviii 45.29 . do sgaoil an tréad . . . | ó chodhnach na cúirte scattered, DDána 31.20 . ionnus gur sgaoil an t-árm `the army broke up', Rel. Celt. ii 166.12 . ro sgailset asind inad-sin, Ann. Conn. 1224.13 . Note also: scaílis cách chum a chéile díbh each of them goes to (greet) the other, Comp. CC 121.27 . Of a family tree: sgaoilid síol Eóghain ag Aodh `divide', TD 26.15 .

(c) with DE: releases, frees, lets go (perh. trans. with ellipsis of object, cf. II (i) and: and-sain scailset láma de-sium `loosed their hands from him', TBC-LL¹ 936 ). ? ro-thaithmigestar . . . na cuibrige . . . co ro-scail de focetoir `he was freed', PH 2195 (impers.?). achd muna sgaoile Dia dhé, DDána 7.16 . gach abhann . . . | leis do sgaoileadh dhí was let flow, Aithd. D. 37.17 . a Íosa, sgaoilidh dar sgíos `ease my fatigue', A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 2 , cf. 9 . do scaoileadur da ngadhruib, Feis Tighe Chonáin 15 . rosgail do braighdib in imperi, ZCP vi 48.29 . scaoilis do Choin gCulainn, Keat. ii 3478 .

II Trans.

(a) scatters, disperses : scailfitir in tret . . . | innocht immon n-oegaire, SR 7715 . iss ed sin . . . is mó ro scail Ultu fo Érind tomaidb (sic) Locha Echach, LU 3059 . co scailseat dunebaith don bith `scattered mortality over the world', Ériu ii 140 § 148 . coro scail grían na firinne . . . a ruithin tre airdib in domain, Trip.² 69 (cf. Three Hom. 4.7 ). roileg Odrāin . . . | arar sgāiles úir Rómha on which I strewed earth brought from Rome, ZCP xii 394.27 . scaóilidh an rígh . . . an uile olc ó chéile `scattereth away all evil', Proverbs xx 8 . Note also: ro-scāiled do chāch a ord was allotted, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . rascailsead na curaid sin a comrath `dispersed from conversing', TTebe 1340 .

(b) of feelings, etc., dissipates, disperses : sgaoilsi cuisle a damhnuidh dhi, | cuirsi anmuin san éigsi, L. Cl. A. B. 123.83 . do sgaoil soin ar seanfhala `it has removed my old offences', PBocht 19.32 . do scaoil Dia na daoirbhretha `hath rescinded His harsh judgments', O'Gr. Cat. 513.4 . sgaoil uainn mo ralam take away my sin, DDána 51.8 . an fín seimh . . . is luath a meisce ┐ is luath scailter hi the intoxication is soon past, O'Gr. Cat. 216.9 .

(c) scatters (gifts, money), is generous: gur scail a innmus ar bochtaib Erenn, Aisl. Tond. 112.2 . is mór do mhaoinibh . . . do sgaoiledh ┐ do bronnadh leis an láimh si d'filidhibh, Comp. CC 124.4 . gach fleadh . . . do sgaoileadh so ar ōgaibh Uladh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 46.9 . bí neach ann sgaóileas `that scattereth' (i.e. is bountiful), Proverbs xi 24 . scailed sí a crod . . . | dol na scailed dí as degeol, Irish Texts ii 62 § 46 .

(d) disseminates, spreads (news, etc.): scenb in scél ro-scaíled ann, Sc.M² 24b ( Metr. Dinds. iv 192 ). Sruth N., nách scaílenn scol `though the school mention it not', Metr. Dinds. iv 174.41 . cosindiu ni ro scáilius | ni ro maidius a inmaine `I have not published nor boasted of his love', 322.51 . ciall a scaoilid na sgoile, Irish Texts ii 68 § 41 . diamhair mo sgeóil ní sgaoileabh, TD 39.11 . do sgaoilis sgannail Gaoidheal `you have made public the scandals of the G.', Content. xii 2 . nā sgāil rūn nā cogar airdrīgh | congaib agut é go docht, ZCP vi 272 § 8 .

(e) spreads out, extends (of coverings, wings, etc.): ro scailed in seolbrat, LU 187 = Todd Nenn. 96.5 . do scáiled a phuball tar Pátraic, Acall. 711 . ro scailed a pell fae, Cog. 196.21 . foscad a scíthán in tan scáeiles íat expands, RC xxiv 376.33 .

(f) of the Tower of Babel: co robuaidrem ┐ co rasgaoilem a dtengta impo, Auraic. 2431 . isna hilbelraibh ro sccaoilit ag an tur `that were separated', Leb. Gab.(i) 192.14 .

(g) destroys (partic. buildings): slaidid scíathu | scailid gou shatters spears, LU 3387 ( SCC 17 ). ro scailset tra muinter Nath Í in tor, LU 2789 . scáilid-si in tempul-sa, PH 2726 . cur scailsed caslen Lece Dergi, Ann. Conn. 1247.6 .

(h) in sense of scaraid: roscailed a anum re a corp dó, TTebe 3853 .

(i) releases, looses (cf. I (c)): ro scáil badb `he loosed the war-sprite', Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 51 ( LL 183a44 ). scailid . . . gíall a geimhlibh, Irish Texts ii 62 § 43 . tuir . . . | do scailedh A. . . . ass, 69 § 4 . gor sgaoil toil Dé dá ndeacraibh till God's will released them from their difficulties, Magauran 3106 . mar do sgaoil Pharao amach . . . é, TSh. 4468 . amhail choin . . . do sgaoilfidhe fá shluaghaibh, 3122 . Note also: naide sanna (sic Senchus M. facs.) . . . .i. na sgailend `alienate . . . release' (of land), Laws ii 282.8 , 16 Comm . dagen fidair . . . scailfis amach brig na raiteadh so `a figure that will elucidate', Ir. Astr. Tr. 12.10 .

(j) undoes, opens : sgoiligh mo cuibhrighe, BNnÉ 110 § 43 . ní sgaoilfidh sí glas mo chos, O'Gr. Cat. 523.20 . scáoil do bhróg dot chois, Judges v 15 . sgaoil lét fheirg a haradhain `give free rein to your wrath', Content. x 1 . scāilfeat mo scīath ar a scāth I will unbuckle (?), ZCP xiii 168.32 . conéracht L. . . . | coroscail roaib in ríg-thech `opened the royal house from before them', Metr. Dinds. iii 80.46 . na scail in litir do not open the letter, ZCP vi 283.20 .

(k) fires (a gun): na canōin riaghalta gusin ordanāss mōr ro sgaoiltidhe friss, Fl. Earls 48.16 . do sgaoilsead frais lāmhaigh i n-aon uaim, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 15.26 . With omission of obj.: do sgaoileadur 'sdo leagadh fir they fired, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 12.13 .

Part. scaílte.

Vn. scaíled.

2 sénaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 sénaid or dil.ie/37102

v ā (1 sén). Cf 2 sénad (ón bheannachadh), IGT Verbs § 80 . marks with a sign; signs (with the cross), blesses (in Christian sense); puts a spell, charm (sén) on (in heathen sense): s[é]n [a nói]bing[e]n, Sg. 158 marg. sup. ( Thes. ii xx 33 ). sén a Chríst mo labrai, Fél. Prol. 1 . Crist ronsóera ronsēna, Thes. ii 306.6 . a stefan dommairi sén lat cend mo cridi ar chuidachaib báis, Mon. Tall. 131.15 . nop sēnaidh | dochī mac Dē cia dēnaidh sanctify yourselves, ZCP xii 296.7 . a macca lēginn lēgaid | nob sēnaid slonnadh sīde, O'Mulc. 688 . nim thá cumac día aisnéis mani sénasu ┐ mani chosecra mo gin. Ni senubsa ol P. do ginsu, LU 9234 . senfa-su do gnuis ┐ t'erlabrai co mba tol ndoib cach a ráidfi, Irish Texts i 5 § 15 . ar nach duine atchi Diabol ┐ ni sena indius norodaissed immbi. Sentus Bríg iarom, 11 § 33 . sēnais in caillig comail | ba slān cen neim cen galar, Thes. ii 337.4 . amra tinne sénastar, 339.1 . ro sén in n-uisce, Trip.² 171 . intan . . ro ṡén P. caille forsna ógaib, 1001 . [sé]nsom rig in choicid . . . sensom óg a n-amus . . ., Ériu x 93 § 7 , § 8 . ro shénastair cuid ind athláich, BNnÉ 326 § 46 . noda sénsat iar sin ó airdiu croiche Crist, LU 1764 . sēnam bruindi ┐ gnúis | [d]'arde chruichi Crīst, ACL iii 314 § 20 . dorat in drai doirche darsin ngrein . . . senais Senán na dorcha co ndechatar as focétoir , Lism. L. 2293 . `táet Dínel . . . ar mo chend dom ṡénad.' Druí side. Noséna-side condarala de he sains him so that it falls from him (of curing from deafness by enchantment), Metr. Dinds. iv 304.18 . senfait traigti sithcura (sithcura traigti, MS.) (rhetoric), Ériu viii 18.26 . s.¤ do blesses : senais don dáim a tir Gaidheal he blessed the band, Anecd. i 70 § 173 . consecrates (a church): mor trá d'eccalsaibh . . . do sénadh la hAban, BNnÉ 8.3 . séanais .i. beannaighis, O'Cl.

Vn. 2 sénad. See 1 sénaid.

Load More Results