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1 cerd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cerd or dil.ie/8753

Forms: ceard, cearda, cerd, ceirde, ceird, ceirde, cearda, cearda, cearda, cherda, cerda, cerda(e), cearda, cerdda, cerdai, cerda, cherdu, d'órcheardai, cerdada, cert

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 159 f. In sense (a) ceard (ón duine), m. g s. cearda, IGT Decl. § 95 . In sense (b) cerd (ón cheird) f. g s. ceirde, § 39 ; ceird f. g s. ceirde, cearda, § 43 . Cf. also g s. na cearda , Laws v 104.19 Comm. in cearda , 106.1 Comm. . iii 192.8 Comm. in cherda , IT iii 60 § 120 (na cerda , v.l.). Also cerda(e): n s. cearda, Corp. Gen. 219.37 (cerd, v.l.). cerdda, Cymmr. xiv 130.9 . in cerdai , ZCP iii 222.10 (cerd, v.l.). d s. cerda, Laws v 114.18 . do cherdu , LL 25486 (: dú). ? d'órcheardai, Leb. Cert.² 2187 . Cf. n pl. cerdada, Bodl. Dinds. 3 .

(a) craftsman, artisan (most freq. of a gold- and silver-smith): cert qui idula aere faciebat gl. Alaxander (aerrarius), Wb. 30d21 . inna cerdae `of the potter', Ml. 18a12 . roth cruind forsa ndenat na cerda in lestrai, b4 . in sét arggait nád chombaig / in ch.¤ , Thes. ii 346.4 ( Hy. v 77 ). lasin cerddai (ceirdai, v.l.) gl. lasin ceird, 33 (79 Comm.). aided con na cerda inso la Coin Culaind, LU 4971 . Cauland cerdd, 4975 (TBC). ó Choin cherda Conchobair (i.e. Cú Chulaind), 3573 ( SCC 29 ). do Choin na Cerdda, LL 20187 . cerdda ┐ círmaire, LU 2217 . cuislennach, c.¤, gobha, Ériu xiii 23.2 . cerda . . . ┐ aes caca dana olcena, Laws v 90.20 ( cerda .i. imrid in t-or, 25 Comm. ). is diles in tor ┐ in tairget ┐ in tuma a cerdcha in goband ┐ noco diles i cerdcha in cerda, uair aithne indeithbir hé i cerdcha in gobann, ┐ nocon edh a cerdcha in cerda, iii 192.6 , 8 Comm. c.¤ gl. figulus, Ir. Gl. 508 . D. . . . gaba . . . ┐ ceard ┐ scribnid togaide . . . is he . . . daroine .ccc. clog ┐ .ccc. bacall ┐ .ccc. soscelai, Fél. cxxxi.x. mac na cerdda cosin céir, LL 18785 . I. ainm na cerda ro berb in n-ór, 2024 . cathbarr B. . . . c.¤ Ó. . . . dorigne, Airne F. 97 . dugnith dno C. c.¤ na semonn, RC xii 94 § 122 . do-ratsat in argat-sin for tír cherda potter's field, PH 3241 . mac cerdai nó fir fogní nách aicdi éicin di ór nó argad, FDG² 867 . leag a hoirthior na hInnia, / . . . / niamhthar le ceard gcineolta that is polished by a native craftsman, Aithd. D. 16.47 . céard copair, 2 Timothy iv 14 . ceard na críadh, Romans ix 21 . do chérd an óir, Mac Aingil 1139 . Fig. P. is ceard don chlúi-sin `P. who is the artificer of that fame', O'R. Poems 298 . lé cérduibh an chlaoinchreidimh (sc. the founders of Protestantism), Mac Aingil 4170 .

C.¤ na cruinne (na ndúl, etc.) God : c.¤ na cruinne, BNnÉ 196 § 22 . mo chobhair ar Cheird na ndúl!, Dánta Gr. 65.19 . ceard na n-uile, DDána 27a.16 .

Applied to poets: in c.¤ mac ūi Dulsaine, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 93.25; cf. 92.y). ni c.¤ gan bunadus tothachta, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). Cf. c.¤ cen tothacht .i. cin foghluim ndligi[d], O'Dav. 1568 .

In n. pr. m. Robartach mac Mic na Cerda, CS 164.20 . C.¤ m. Cerdda Bice, Corp. Gen. 219.27 .

(b) handicraft, art, skill, accomplishment, feat; hence occupation, office, way of life, practice, characteristic behaviour : mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293.15 . cōrus a cherdæ (of a poet), Corm. Y 276 . tarchomlad cach óes dána . . . cor tasfen cách a ch.¤ fíad Patraic, LU 9773 . ar lín a ch.¤ he is so accomplished, 8316 (rhet.). asa cheird cumachtaig (.i. a cumachta a chleirchecta dognidsom sein, 740 ( ACC 42 ). indearbh cach i cceird aroile, Ériu xiii 20.16 . imdhínsiomh ceirte insult to one's art(?), 25.6 . fornesa ceard neicse donessa cerd niumuis, 56 § 32 (cf. O'Dav. 861 ). fristoing cerd cainti `he renounces the satirist's art', O'Dav. 872 . 869 . oca oileamhain hi cerdaibh clothamræ .i. āine, alaidhe ┐ erlabhra, etc., ZCP xiv 219.11 . fó mo ch.¤ láechdachta, LU 6169 (TBC). ac óenmummib daronsat ceird gnimrada gaile ┐ gascid, LL 10052 . aided Gríse co ceird chrúi `skilled in bloody arts', Metr. Dinds. iii 134.19 . ceird chrúi .i. ceird imdheargtha no ceird bhásaighthe, O'Cl. iarn[a] trascrad trienar c.¤-ne `by our craft', RC xii 90 § 109 . cach dan dognīat lāmhae is c.¤ dongairther, O'Mulc. 222 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird `their skill' (in music and dancing), Ériu iv 174 § 9 . mairg thréicios cléirchecht ar cheird / do cherdaib in domnáin deirg, SG 51.y . lucht na ceirde cedna (sc. building), Stair Erc. 1626 . gion gur cheárrd mná an nídh sin, Oss. iii 136.19 . seachnaidh cionta ón cheird do-ní `avoids faults by her manner of life', Magauran 1516 . nach roibhi . . . aenc.¤ rob annsa les nā fiadhach, ZCP vi 53.x . cusin ceird n-inglain n-eillnighthi ro herailedh forro .i. comrucc a lanamhnus fri aroile, Grail 3059 . an ceard do-roighne Ruaidhrí what R. has done, DDána 76.4 . ní ceard duit déanamh míoghaoil `it is not for Thee to be false to Thy kin-duty', Aithd. D. 71.31 . ceird ríoghna `a queen's part', A. Ó Dálaigh vii 6 . tús cerdi do Ch. i.e. C. was entitled to receive a poet's first composition after he had finished his schooling, LB 238cb56 . Concr.: cathaīr ingnathaig forsa raibi imarcaid sairsi ┐ c.¤ n-eladnach embellishment, Grail 1663 . Freq. of magical practices: no gniad druidechta ┐ certa commain, LU 9007 ( FB 75 , H). See commann for cerddib suíthe gentliucta, LL 1051 . ceird thosaigh .i. ceird dhraoidheachda, O'Cl. See toṡúgad.

Attrib. g s. fear cerda, ma fithír, ní ba raith feilmic mana biatha `a man of art, if a professor, cannot be surety for a pupil, unless he has fed him', Laws iv 236.15 . fer certa fri molad ┐ air, i 18.7 Comm. óes cherdd, Críth G. 281 . cléir aesa ceirdd, Trip.² 2382 (= praecones, 2385 ; dona druthaib, 2395 ) = cliar aesa dana, Lat. Lives 55.12 . don luchd céirde, Acts xix 24 . lucht ceirde na cathrach tradesmen, Fl. Earls 98.y .

? rop tānaisi triūin crepscuil / c.¤ promtha Petair apstail, Corm. Y 325 .

4 féth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 féth or dil.ie/21822

n gender doubtful. Possibly same word as 5 féth. Of craftsman's work, smoothness, finish, polish? Cf. faithche .i. fēth-chaí .i. conair iarna fēthughad .i. iarna rēidhiughadh, Corm. Y 628 . condenad a f.¤ ┐ a snass ┐ a slemnugud (of stakes of holly = to make them even ?) TBC-LL¹ 1410 (fethugud St). ní hécen f.¤ dar fudbu de, 158 (i.e. difficulties need not be glossed over; a proverb ?). G. [h]astas faciebat fri teora gressa ┐ ba feth in gres dédenach; dogníth ... L. soer [na crunda] fri teora snassa ┐ ba feth [feith, Sec. Battle of Moytura RC xii 94.1 ] in tsnas dédenach the last chip put the finish on them (?) Corm. Bodl. s.v. nescoit = Corm. Y 975 . ni rocindsead a feth nach a lighdhath [gús anocht], Anecd. ii 7 (of a bronze palisade = they could not give it the finishing polish and colour ?). (etym. of nemed :) nem-aodh la cerda ┐ goibniu, ar issed dobeir nemhtenchus doib in feith doberat tre aed [.i.] tre tine, O'Mulc. 830g . nem-mod la saoruib ... niamfeith, ar ised dobeir nemtenchas doib, ind feth doniat tre nēim, 830h (both exx. apparently mean that a craftsman's status is determined by the finish of his work. Cf. dlegar do cach feth i nemhedh, Irish Texts iv 21 § 22 ). fethgeir .i. dobheir feith ger ar in fige no fid gér dobeir feth ar in fighe, Laws i 152.13 Comm. (= it makes the wool even ?). Cf. feith .i. faebar, Lec. Gl. M 97 . See also 1 féth (f.¤ fithnaisi). Used as adj. = smooth, finished (?) ; superl.: fethim saire no fedem .i. onn `smoothest of work' (kenning on the ash-tree or letter o) Auraic. 5651 = foillem, Anecd. iii 44 ; text doubtful. Compds. ¤chrann: cona fet[h]crannaibh snasta slemnaigti `even ... shafts' (of arrows) CCath. 5462 .

¤snas: féthán féths[h]nais, MacCongl. 93.10 (see féthán and fithnais). Cf. also: go bfiodhbhacaibh féthshnoightibh smoothed or polished bows Hugh Roe 72.8 (f. 19a) .

2 gres(s)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gres(s) or dil.ie/26612
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f.

I an attack, a hostile encounter, an onset : trom immorro in gress rolasat `... the attack they delivered,' RC viii 56.9 . amnass ... in gress rollasat, RC xiii 456.17 . díghaltach greise a champion (i.e. the avenger of an aggression), MR 310.18 . is mo art fine 'ca focul | bith 'sa cath ag tnúthgreis, Fianaig. 82.6 . locud mo gréise (greisi v.l.) ceníl `shrinking from my tribal attack' ?, O'Dav. 581. . .. na greiss gúir | noberad leis cenn Saúil, SR 6395 . is gnáth iar ngreiss co torud | bág fri feiss fri fledugud, Metr. Dinds. iii 350.39 . cipē bess for greiss whosoever be attacking, RC xiii 114.12 . do foillsighedh iofrann dó, go ngreis d'anmannaibh adhuathmura ann `with an onset ...,' BNnÉ 185 § 19 . gress fola fordergi ... do ferthain asin nell sin `an onrush of crimson blood,' RC xxviii 310 § 7 . (m.?) īar ngreis galach | cen anad ropo leis Ailech, Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 24 . greis .i. orgain, O'Cl. pl. arfich a n-gressu, LU 8313 ( FB 23 ). dóeme a mmórgressa ocus a mmóraurgala, ib. 8148 ( FB 11 ). doberot side gressa an cathae do Lugh, RC xii 83 § 83 . isé in mac-sa ferfas bar ngresa uile, ZCP v 504.5 . ce do-rairg gressa don phurt, Sc.M² 22.8 . am chur fri chruaidhghreasaibh, Todd Lect. iv 98.15 ( CRR² 39 ). Gnáth-hūaraib ar gressaib gal | glenaid luch inna lín-sam, GOI ii 40 § 4 ( Thes. ii 293.20 ). ria ṅgressaib athar Solman, ZCP iii 22.20 ? = 1 grés. i n-éagmais a ndearnadh do ghreasuibh (sic leg. ; ghrasuibh, MS) ┐ d'ionnsaighthuibh, Ériu i 80.22 . Scīath ... co ngēire ngus agus ngreas, ZCP viii 227 § 7.

II an attack on the honour, an insult, an injury : is fēli dō ... a imfolach, intan teithes ria nōenḟer ; ol nīpo mōo a greis (gress, LU) do andās do Ultaib archena, TBC-I¹ 1268 . combai cen diamra fo greis, SR 6714 . docain co glerdaith cen greis, 1021 . ba gress ┐ ba imdergad mór dont shlúag anísin, RC viii 50.13 . díl gresse d'emain t'óen-rosc `one of thy eyes is a satisfaction for my insult,' Metr. Dinds. iii 342.56 . ba gress don deóra dagḟir | a chuit feóla i n-óenmagin, ib. 162.11 . ri cen grain, cen gris, cen greiss (: eisleis), SR 2561 . .iii. lecca liss Luigdech .i. gress ┐ ruicci ┐ mebul, RC xxiii 324.30 . cach gres, cach enechruice, is for cintaib treisi ata, Laws i 162.x . coic seoit ina díriu do neoch iss gress do dia eneclann, iv 308.25 . i n-digail (sic leg.) na greise truime tucadh ar a enec, ib. 66.32 . dígal greise avenging an injury or insult, vendetta : aire echta, is é side condera a gresa, O'Dav. 637 . airi echta in tAengus Gabuaidech ac dígail greisi ceniuil a tuathaib Luigne, Laws iii 82.8 . forimtecht digla do greise, ib. v 296.19 . boi Oengus ic dígail gressi ceneoil i cociud Conacht, LU 4344 . nocha rabha dioghal greis na treis for lar Breghmhaighe, AFM i 360.12 (an. 758) . digaltach greise a champion : cid cia fer uaind budh beó de, | nách budh díghaltach greise, MR 310.18 .

III an essay, an attempt, a bout, a turn, the amount of any thing done at a time (? also m. in this sense) : cé dogénsam ainmne uime | frisin cédgreis (: ēislis) upon the first offence (?), ACL iii 295 § 22 . greas for indeoin striking on an anvil, Laws v 474.1 ; 486.24 . Colam Collereach gaba na tri fhuargres `of the three cold strokes,' ib. 472.7 Comm. Goibniu goba faciebat hastas fri teōra gresa, ┐ ba fēith in tress gress, Corm. Y 975 = fria teorai gressai, RC xii 92.z . ata gobae liond cenai .i. Colum Cuaolléinech teorae nua-gres `of the three new processes,' RC xii 76.10 . grod-greasa gaibnige le h-ordaibh keen blows of smithcraft with hammers, MR 238.7 . do ghlac an ghreis mharcuigheachta ar feadh an fhaid cheadna, ITS i 36.12 . gnathaigheadh a mothrach re greas do laeib iad let him take them early for a certain number of days, 23 P 10³, 65a17 . mar mhnáibh dá ngáirinn greasa if, like women, I were to get fits of shrieking, Ó Bruad. ii 242.y .