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? asbrainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? asbrainn or dil.ie/4387

 

n Domnall sa slóigh, da mberi oirb / fuicfide faidb nocha b'a.¤ soirb / dá ti Fer menn mac Dara Deirg / do béra a.: mairb ar in leirg . . . `it will not be a slight encounter . . . he will make a charge' . . ., Celt. Rev. ii 112.10 . Cf. spairn.

díne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díne or dil.ie/16596
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: d.

n [io, n.?] n s. d.¤ n-Ulad, LL 18b6 . m., IGT Decl. § 2 .

(a) a generation, age: cech tan chúimniges cech d.¤ iar n-araile, Todd Lect. vi p. 18 . bid hi a ainm o sin imach | cu tí in dine deiginach, Lism. L. 4743 . Cf. Acall. 2923 . romarastair C. co tormail ix ndine a n-Erinn, IT iii 193 . adrum Ríg . . . | rodelb d.¤ cech duin[e], LL 17b12 . cích na críni mairg nanib | dobeir díni fa gné duib woe to him who drains the breasts [of the Church] in her old age! It brings generations (viz. his posterity) to sorrow, 150a19 . tángadar Fir Bolc . . . tancatar Fir Domnand . . . tángadar Tuath Dé, etc. . . . misi i fail cech d.¤ , Ériu iv 132 . ainm is mó . . . in cach d.¤ co dilind, Lec. 82b21 . fuair Ióseph bás ┐ a dhearbhráithre uile ┐ an d.¤ sin go hiomlán, Exodus i 6 . nach racha an d.¤-si thoruinn, Matthew xxiv 34 . d.¤ .i. líne no saoghal, O'Cl.

(b) race, tribe, group of persons connected by descent: [Aed] du-farcai sech cech nd.¤ | di Moisten míne mrugaib, ZCP lxi 1-3 ( Thes. ii 295 SP v). iarsin tic d.¤ n-Ulad, LL 18b6 . secht ríg do chlaind C. . . . | don gargd.¤ ón thuile thiar, 333c42 . roga cacha tíre tall | ata fon d.¤ deg-clann (of the Clann Augein), Rawl. 84b2 . is amlaid sain bis ríge | garb a thús, tosach nd.¤ beginning of dynasties, Ériu iv 106 .

(c) a number, a set of people (more or less loosely connected), a band, a company (often the equiv. of dóine): cona chléir cain d.¤ , Fél. Apr. 17 . sochla d.¤ , 24 . fiad cech díniu in the sight of all men, Fél. May 27 . sechtmoga míli . . . | do díni mac n-Israhél, SR 6868 . gabais in sluag raind ind faidb | . . . | cen ní don dini bai i fus to those who, 6463 . mag maith . . . dinib derbdind a place of security to multitudes, 990 . nad rabi fiallach bad cumma gaisced frisin díni sin (i.e. the Greek army), LL 235a37 . Macha . . . rodedaig d.¤ na láech, 21b10 . scéla derba a ndi ingin, tuchtach d.¤ , 35b43 . ba gnath in díni bec baeth | immi na thig `The little childish company', Ériu vii 224 . ráncatar tír a mbatar d.¤ d'feraib Gaedhel, RC ix 20 . Cormac, Cuscraid, Conchobhar . . . ag sin d.¤ deg-Ultach, MR 220 . doluid cóica fer fuilngech, | ropo delbda in d.¤ sin, Metr. Dinds. ii 4 . in tech mór, mílib amus | do dínib (dainib, v.l.) nirbo dolus (i.e. it was conspicuous to all), i 30 . coicertu[i]s in dine ndian the angry crowd, ZCP x 47 . iar sin siacht co d.¤ in trir, xii 245 § 5 . an d.¤ as fherr d' aideadaib the best set of teachers, Lec. 172b26 . mac Dé na nd.¤ Lord of Hosts, 44a17 . go ruc crine cruaid roscraid, | ní [f]uair dine da dingbail he found no host (strong enough) to ward him off, BB 61a17 .

(d) a number, series, row of things: co romarb díb, díni ndēr, fichi míli, SR 5627 ; 922 . isin dá clār-fiacail anis no isin dara dine anuas, Laws v 354. Comm. ? airligud in dine (.i. in diune) cach fir dána (= lot, item ?), 372 . d.¤ dath, LB 108b37 .

(e) a number, herd of cattle; hence in wider sense cattle: forggu dine `choicest of a herd', Laws iv 308 Comm. imbrecht fo na imbrecht do dine `driving a herd of cattle in and out', v 490.10 . gach manach dobera | a edhbairt don ecclais | . . . | rob leis fein a díni | oc treabhadh a tire, BNnÉ 309 . briuga cét .i. cét cach d.¤ lais, H 3.17, 662 . tindscra cétach .i. cét do cach crud ┐ do cach d.¤ , Acall. 5797 . doasselbthea dine cech cethrae for se[i]lb Be[i]l, RC xi 442 (`the young of every cattle'). Cf. d.¤ .i. tosach: d.¤ gacha ceithre .i. tosach no céd-déntaidh gach áirnéisi, O'Cl. (due perhaps to confusion of cét = 100 and cét = first in passages similar to Acall. 5797 supra). ocht mba do rēir cirt cōrach | eneclann in leithōrach | forblad trom d.¤ can ce[i]st, ZCP ix 171 . Of a single animal: tuagrothae . . . issi a fochreicc, anam cach dine nō cach mīl immid-rēt, Corm. Y 1082 s.v. rout . See also dínu.

1 fodb, fadb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fodb, fadb or dil.ie/22569

 

Forms: fadhb, fadhbh, fudhb, fadhbh, fodb, ḟaidb, fodba, fodbu, fodb, fadb, fuidb

n o, n.; later m. and f. fadhb (v.l. fadhbh) (m.) IGT, Decl. § 96 . Cf. fudhb ib. fadhbh (f.) § 39 . a s. (or a p. ?) fodb, LU 5144 ; - 51 . g s. ind ḟaidb (: glégairb) SR 6461 . n a p. fodba, Ml. 92d2 . a p. fodbu, LU 9096 . g p. inda fodb , Philarg. 91 ( Thes. ii 362 ; 47 ). na fadb , SR 6466 .

Spoils (usually coll.) generally of clothing or equipment taken from the dead, but sometimes of booty in general; used distributively in pl.: gl. manubiae Ml. 92d2 . exuviae Philarg. 91 . fodb d'aesclad .i. cetach in mairb do uisgeluagh, O'Dav. 170 . Cf. fadhbh (an duine), IGT, Decl. § 39 . fodba .i. ondi as fodb .i. ut est isinti is marb, O'Mulc. 566 . leg. uestis indí? But cf. fodb .i. ondi as food graece .i. utis ┐ fosba .i. ba aid i fos inti is marb, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 211 < H 3.18, p. 81.2 ). gabais in sluag raind ind ḟaidb SR 6461 . gonaidsom ... in fersin ┐ dobert a chend ┐ a f.¤ lais, LU 5144 . tabairt foidb fir do tuit a re, Laws v 298.9 (glossed .i. tabairt airm ┐ etaig). ní ba maiss leiss echrad no fuidb no airm do brith ona corpaib, TBC-LL¹ 687 . fir marbha d'athghuin san ágh | fadhbha a ttachruibh do thionál IGT, Decl. ex. 1115 . darochair Patrócuil ri Hectair ┐ ruc a chend ┐ a ḟadb ┐ a étach de, LL 240a38 ( TTr. 1744 ) ro thinolsat fadbu ┐ armu in lochta ramarbait, LL 226a42 ( TTr. 672 ). ac bein a ḟodbha don cathmilid, Aen. 2526 . iar n-aiream na ḟódb, Alex. 153 . d'adbaib ┐ d'édalaib in ārmuigi, MR 316.11 . re himad ḟolt ┐ ḟadb, 240.2 . fuairset ... edála móra d'eidedh, d'arm ┐ d'faidhbh na nGall, AFM iv 850.19 . gusin leic forar chuirsetor ... crannchor for faidp ┐ etach Crist, Fl. Earls 200.20 . g s. as attrib. (?): biaid brattán fuidb im nech, LL 275b12 ( PRIA xxxvi C 267 ). trēn uindes as do des | maidid asnae foidb, TBC-I¹ 2695 = mebait mh' asnae fuidb, TBC-LL¹ 3960 .

Cf. la mac fir néit fadb corcra, LU 455 = RC xx 150.15 ( faidb v.l.). Auraic. 5395 .

Compds. ¤charn a mound of spoils: dorinne ... duma dha collaib ┐ fadhbcharn da n-édaigibh, CF 371 . ¤dlús denseness of spoils (?): fadbdlús ┐ forlethi na fear ... ina fuathlaigib faena, MR 316.13 (i.e. lying close together? compd. prob. formed for alliteration). ¤rand division of spoils: Finnachta na f., LL 183a21 ( Arch. Hib. ii 61 ). ? ¤scaílte: re himad ḟolt ... ┐ finnfaid uathberrtha fadbscailti, MR 240.3 .

? fuidbechta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? fuidbechta or dil.ie/24766
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fuidbecha

adj io-iā (cf. fuidbech) broken, mangled (?): biait créchtai fuidb bechtai, LU 6609 = fuidbecha, TBC-I¹ 2076 , créchta fuidbechtai, TBC(C) 1445 . cretta fuidbechta (rhet.) LL 119b44 . Cf. beit faidb bechta (? leg. fuidbechta) fo chonaibh 'they will be mangled among hounds', BDC 120.265 .

galais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. galais or dil.ie/25287

 

n (gal ?) d s f. contest, victory (?): gabais in sluag raind ind ḟaidb | gluair iarna ṅgalais glégairb, SR 6462 . ar gais galais (: anais) no gart ṅgle, 6035 .

imscothad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imscothad or dil.ie/28085

 

vn. of imscothaid. the act of stripping, peeling, hewing, lopping: roga duit ... a n-imtheclamad no a n-i.¤ (of shafts for a chariot), TBC-LL¹ 1407. forrópart Cuchulaind for a n-i.¤ ┐ nos tairṅged tria ladraib a choss, 1408 . in ba teclaim na fertus dogēna fa [a] n-i.¤ bid a n-imscathad, ol C., TBC-I¹ 783. barróisc Cuchulaind in claidiub assa intiuch Bhodbha d'i.¤ na n-arm ┐ d'immetrommugud in scéith fair, TBC-LL¹ 2955. gebid ic i.¤ tossaig na tren-ḟer, LL 238a48 . gabhait ic i.¤ a lamh díbh dá claidhmibh cor[o] lensat a nglacca i mburd na luingi, CCath. 2121. bili giuis arna imscathadh `stem of a fir tree stripped of its branches,' Aen. 173.

Fig. imscothud n-insci `(lit. stripping speech) removing nodosities from his composition' (glossed .i. [is] séim scoithes a indsci cona bit faidb furri), RC xxvi 22 § 64 and n. 0

? Name of some kind of literary composition or ornament: Briatharchath Goburchind, Glanindtlecht n-Etaine, Imscothadh Cuimine, Anecd. ii 53.9 .

insce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. insce or dil.ie/28887
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: insce, innsce, indsce, innsce, indscne, innsgne, ro-indscedaib, innscida

n , f. (derivative of sech-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 814 Anm.). In O.Ir. glosses always written insce, except innsce, Sg. 25b2 . Later freq. indsce, innsce. A form indscne, innsgne became common in Mid. and Mod. Ir. Two instances occur of the word declined as a dental stem, but as both are in etymological glosses, the forms are very prob. spurious : d p. ro-indscedaib (gl. roscadaib), Laws v 10.x Comm. a p. na righ innscida gl. na rig scotha, O'Curry 1907 (< 23 P 3, fo. 23 ).

I a saying, speech, statement, word (in sense the word (of God, etc.) ; a language: insci .i. luighi, ut est feraidh insci di he makes a statement to her (there is no evidence that insce ever meant oath), O'Dav. 1112. miscath .i. mí-innsci. scath .i. innsci, amail atá Dūil Roscadach, Corm. Y 859. adciam isnaib inscib seo (?) ... ind aecni `we see in these words of the sage,' Thes. ii 246.24 (Cam.). i.¤ inso asber ar féda Ísu fri cach n-óen din chenélu dóine are n-indarbe a dualchi óod, 244.21 (Cam.). isind insci so gl. in hoc uerbo, Wb. 6a26 . is menand is dind insci riam lenid `that he adheres to the previous utterance,' 5c16 . ind interiecht nad rann i.¤ la grecu `a part of speech,' Sg. 26b6 . do láni chétbutho inna huilae i.¤ `of the whole discourse', 25b7 . in aellug i.¤ biid dictio ` dictio is wont to be in connected speech,' 25a2 . ní ruthórbasa is in n-i.¤ sea friscissen indiut ... `I arrived not at this expression of hope in Thee,' Ml. 44b29 . air thuccai cach chenel hí coitchennas a n-insci sidi `for each nation in common understands their speech,' 42c8 . i.¤ dé is mou ade didiu indaas i.¤ duini, 35c31 . in fer midboth aile conoí insci who preserves statement, Críth G. 39. tecmaltar a i.¤ dó hi teora bríathra co dé treise, 40 . adgadur nech ria túaith trebair arfochlim a n-i.¤ cocertaim bretha Ulad uli, LU 10287. cetharda ar a n-abar anruth ris .i. ar aine a fhoircedail, ar amuinnsi ngaisi, ar shulbairi a indsci, ar imad a eoluis, Laws v 28.13 Comm. noco fetar indsci in aen fir do roind `the person of the one man cannot be divided,' (? recte the statement ...), iii 134.12 Comm. innsci do cach iar na miad `speech to be allowed to each, according to his dignity,' i 18.y Comm. iarna cantain dó tri ocht rannaibh na hindscne, ┐ issiad so iad. Nomen, pronomen, uerbum ..., O'Curry 1184 (< H 3.18, p. 470a ). nach arlegais isin tṡoscela ... innsce Crist, in tan atbert `qui se exaltat ...,' PH 661. deimin lim-sa indsci asbeir-si, | brēithir glēsi, ACL iii 296 § 34. búaidh náithis ┐ ninnsgne ┐ nurlabhra, Ériu v 100.11 . ni hinnscin (? leg. hinnscni) aird-rig duit-si sin do radha, MR 284.20 . bat firen firbrethach cen forbrisiu n-indsciu etir tethrai tren ┐ trug, Ériu viii 173.22 . insci .i. scientia (.i. ecna) a bunadh Laitne, Auraic. 571. a hi.¤ mod `narration mode,' 1949 . (Cf. iss e immorro a hinnsemod (sic leg., for insce-mod ?) .i. a hinnisin (sic leg.) o mud inunn narrating it in the same mode, RC xx 144.20 (ACC)). Of common speech: eirgid deathuigi fuara isna rannaib uachtaracha ┐ gairter 'coruiles' dib asin innsgi coitcinn, Irish Texts v 24.21 = à vulgo. mailli re fuil mista darub comhainm asin innsgni choitc[inn] an blath banda, Irish Texts v 14.17 . imscothud n-insci `stripping speech' glossed .i. [is] séim scoithes a indsci cona bít faidb furri, xxvi 22 § 64 and n. 0 is hé cetḟer roraid insci isin dáil, TTr.² 313. innsgne bhinn do bheoil chorcra, DDána 67 § 42. soerlabhraidh soingthe (=soithnge) co mbuaidh n-innsgni `with the gift of elocution,' AFM vi 1960.3 . i n-insgne an fhir chíordhuibh `by the talk of the jet-black churl,' Ó Bruad. ii 14.y .

In special sense, indictment, ban: coinnealbháthadh, nó i.¤ na hEagluise, Eochairsg. 121.33 .

II gender: toth .i. gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. cis lir innsci docuisin la Feni ... a tri .i. ferinnsci ┐ baninnsci ┐ demhinsce lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen ┐ neodar lasin Laitnèoir, Auraic. 520 - 1 . seachta frisa toimsiter Gaedhelg .i. fid ┐ deach, reim ┐ forba[i]dh, alt ┐ indsci ┐ etargoiri `seven things according to which Gaelic is measured ...,' 740 . mad iar n-urd choir na ndula, immorro, ni ainm ferinnsci no baninsci acht du neoch dofuisium ┐ o tuisimar `for what generates or for what is generated from,' 565 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : ... an sáoi maith, cóir ; an tsháoi mhaith, lochdach, IGT Introd. § 21.1 and 6 . don fhocal déigheanach don chomhfhocal téid a cheannus ┐ a cheart [┐] a innsgne, ┐ do-ní sé baininnsgne don fheirinnsgne ┐ feirinnsgne don bhaininnsgne (i.e. the gender etc. of a compound word depends on the last part of the compound), § 136.2 - 3 . aithni aibghitre, aithne innsgne, aithne aisde `knowledge of the alphabet, of gender, of metre' (necessary branches of knowledge), § 3.3 .

III a pronoun: na hinnsgne cédus : mé ┐ tú, sé ┐ sí, ..., IGT Introd. § 97.1 . ó innsgne .sinn. from the pronoun `sinn,' § 7.2 . aithne ... ar ceithre sunnarthuibh na Gáoidhilgi ┐ ar a seacht n-innsgnibh, § 2.5 . ní ┐ nocha, ionann as cóir lomadh ┐ séimhiughadh na ndíaigh ar innsgne ┐ ar neimhinnsgne (i.e. in regard to non-lenition and lenition they have the same effect on verbal forms that contain a personal element as on those that do not, e.g. passive forms), § 19.2 . cóir an sunnradh innsgne le barr no gan bharr, mur tá m'fhear no m'fhearsa, t'fhear no t'fhearsa the definition by pronoun is correct with or without an enclitic, § 15.20 . do-chuala, do-chualadhas .... In aimser sin mar sin, [acht do-clos ó neimhinnscne], IGT Verbs § 3.28 .

odb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. odb or dil.ie/33490

 

Forms: udbu, adbb, fudhb, fadhb, fadhbh, fuidhb, fadhbh

n o, m. a p. udbu, LU 5261. g p. adbb, 1143 . In Mid.Ir. oft. with prosthetic f, which later becomes fixed. fudhb, IGT Dec. § 96.9 . fadhb ( fadhbh v.l.), ib. 13 . g s. fuidhb, ex. 1727 . Mod. fadhbh f.

(a) a knot in a tree, branch , etc. odb, gl. obex, Thes. ii 42.19 . odbib (gl. nodis, Ecl. v 90 ) 46.26 (obid, obib MSS.). crand . . . cen fadb cen amredi, LB 221a42 . slat gan fhadhb gan chnapán, Keat. iii 159. i n-aimsir Oidhbhgein . . . tangadar faidb tría chrannaibh, Cóir Anm. 267. imscothis na fertse . . . conda cermnastar itir rúsc ┐ udbu, LU 5261 = fudbu, TBC-LL¹ 785 (f added later). féth dar fudbu planing knots, TBC-LL¹ 159 (prov. phrase = overcoming opposition by diplomacy?). ic imthes- cad ḟadb, LL 218b41 ( TTr. 130 ). fadhb .i. cnapán no ní aimhréidh, O'Cl. fuidhb .i. cnapáin, ib.

(b) a lump, swelling or protuberance : ádba mora tecait tre chorp `ulcers', PH 374. fuil tri fudbu ar a ṡethnaig three humps on his body (of a horse), LL 45b24 = MS. Mat. 489 (fig. for three hills on a territory). ? clan[n]sat cletha dogra trít | co ndartsat fo odba bróic, LL 8a50 = fo odhba fóid under a mound of earth (?), BB 31a28 .

(c) a knotty point, difficulty, problem (common later meaning; for transition cf. ic fethugud adbb ic éirniud chest, LU 1143 and TBC-LL¹ 159 quoted above). fadhb .i. ceist, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 635 . in cóiced find-ḟadb fromtha `the fifth bright "knot of testing",' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.19 (where the meaning `hill' is also implied). trí fuidb dotcadaig: ráthaiges, etargaire, fiadnaise three ticklish affairs (in which one is likely to come to grief), Triads 135. lamh laifeas odba an arm that will over-throw obstacles (of a king), IT iii 85 § 95.

Still used in Mod.Ir.: b'shin í an fhadhb there was the rub, GJ vi 116a16 .