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4 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 a or dil.ie/5

Forms: á, an, an, i, ind, ina, ina, na, na, na, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

pron demonstrative relative, nasalising, that which, what . On the spelling á see Celtica ii 339 - 40 . Orig. neut. art., Thurn. Gramm. § 473 (cf. 5 a). Combines with ro to form arro (in later lang. ar): arrolegais, Wb. 28d7 , but an- (the usual form before vowels) is also found: anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . anró gad, Trip.² 1370 . an ro-ráidis, PH 726 . an raibhe, Keat. ii 265 . In later language also spelt i n-: i n-atconnarc, LU 3322 . ind digní, Mon. Tall. 134.20 (§ 21) . Also ina n-: ina mboí, LU 8416 (H). ina fuaratar, Ann. Conn. 1235.13 . na n-: na tongat, Sc.M² 16 . na n-dingentar, TBC 6179 . na ndenaid, Auraic. 58 . In O.Ir. folld. by absolute and deu- terotonic form of vb. a n-asbiur, Wb. 17d12 ; but later the conjunct and prototonic forms become common (see Bergin, Ériu xi 139 n.1 ): a taibred, Sc.M² 1 . a sir, Dán Dé xxiii 37 . a ndenat, PH 2858 . When the demonst. rel. is plural in meaning personal pronouns referring to it are plural: a n-as sīrem diib, Ériu ii 130 § 102 . The vb. may also be pl. a mbid . . . de neithibh, Desid. 5724 . a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch, Keat. ii 3504 . a bhfuilti corrtha those of you who are tired, Donl. 216.6 .

Frequently cecha n- whatever, however much, etc., see cech.

(a) As nom.: an as suthin, Wb. 13d9 . anasberthar ho giun what is spoken, 5d14 . for nem a (an v.l.) conrúalae . . . as mó mílib míle, Fél. Ep. 25 . arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli the whole contents of the Psalter, Mon. Tall. 133.11 (§ 16) . a nas aithgin do airechaib feda iseadh is dire do athechaib feadha, Laws iv 152.5 Comm. seachnuim a mbí a n-éintigh, Desid. 6426 . a dtarla dá chóir, TSh. 762 .

(b) As accus.: á fil etarru what is between them, Wb. 27d19 . tuicci an gaibes in salm, 12d42 . a pridchimmeni what we preach, 15b14 . a forchongair do chomalnad, 5c23 . a ndogensa what I shall do, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). tongu-sa a toinges mo thúath, MU² 928 . mā rosaigh a broth a n-rosaig a blas `if its broth attains what its taste attains', RC xii 86 § 91 . ar ordaigh an t-aingeal-sain, Dán Dé xiv. 14 .

(c) With follg. partitive DI: a ndudesta . . . di foirbthetu, Wb. 1a9 . a césme di cach imniud, 13c7 . anrofiugrad di Críst `what has been figured of Christ', 15a34 . a mbaī di mnāib . . . hi Cūailṅge, TBC² 868 . a nrobíth leis día slōgaib, 1657 . an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 . ni hairemthar ar' marbad do macaib rí, RC xviii 173.13 . With different order of words: a n-du imnedaib . . . fo-daimi, Ml. 55d11 . a ndo ligdath doadbat, Ériu ii 114 § 39 .

With copula and superl.: a n-as sirem diib `the longest of them', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . a n-romba dech do thimthagaib flatha fer nGaoidel the best of the garments . . ., Corm. Y 1059 . an-as dech foruaradar do echraidh in righ, Marco P. 35 . i mba fearr do cach berla ┐ a nba leithiu ┐ a mba caemu `what was best . . .', Auraic. 1053 . in rop messa día muintir, RC x. 184.24 . Note also: is a mbeo beres a n-as beodu ┐ i na[s] segondo, TBC² 693 (compar. for superl.?). Less frequently with par- titive gen.: doberat a n-as dech sét in dúine, TBFr. 419 . con-aitcetar ferann fair .i. an ba dech Mide, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv. 478 ).

(d) With prec. prep. (frequent in later lang.): do-farget (sic leg.) a rro-fera ar-a ferthar fris `he offers what he has given for what is given to him', Laws v 502.22 (see however Thurn. Gramm. 680 ). ni tabair dír[e] asa n-gatass, Ir.Recht 22 § 24 (see Thurn. Gramm. 298, 680 ). farnan bechtae on what is not certain, Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ( Thurn. Gramm. 298, 680 ). bui dliged . . . fora raibhi do Thartraidhibh, Marco P. 82 . nach smuainid air a nabruid, Donl. 468.13 . Gort an Óir ghairthear don Mhaigh . . . ó n-ar bronnadh d'ór lais-sean . . . ann `from the quantity of gold', Keat. ii 4470 . tré n-ar imreadar d'ulc air `on account of the injury they had done him', 4634 . tréas a ndearnsad do bhagar air, Desid. 3429 . Most frequent- ly with DI, giving mod. dia, approximating to a new rel. particle: duine d'a marand indíu any man of those now living, PH 7318 . gach ní dā ndubrais, Feis TC 105 . na h-uili obuir trocuire diar mol in eglus, ZCP vi 25.4 . ni ternō nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came . . .', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv. 323 ). an aenridiri is lugha dob olc da roibhi ina aimsir, ZCP vi 100.12 . gach aon dár fhás ┐ dá bhfásfaidh every one who has sprung and will spring, TSh. 13 . Temporal use: feacht n-æn da roibhe Cond Cetcathach Ériu iii 150 . fecht n-aen dá táncatar Acall. 361 . laithe n-aen … da raibe Find 5737 . feacht n-aen da tainic Find 5917 . la da raibhi Crist Smaointe B. Chr. 1754 . gach úair da dtéighinn ’na theach L. Cl. A. B. 187 § 9 . fechtus dia m-bui E. hi Frémainn IT i 128 § 15 . fecht eli da raibe C. .c. a nDruim Cet BCC 146.5 . lá airithi da ndechaid C. .c. do Temraig 126.20 . feacht n-aon da ttainic Columcille Anecd. iii 6 . feacht dia m-báttar Hy Fiach. 336.1 . Also with acht: co tuctha a longa leó acht a ndechaidh ar éicin, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).

(e) When the antecedent is a noun the rel. clause is syntactically gen.: ar comalnad andotairrngert `to fulfil what he had promised', Mon Tall. 146.20 (§ 51) . i farrad na n-dingentar innossa, TBC 6178 . cuirter fesa uathaib co hAth Cliath ar cend ar ḟacsat and do Gallaib, RC xviii 289.30 (Tig.). ag soin críoch ar chanamor `that is the sum of what I have sung', TD 15.54 . ag clos a ndoirtid, Desid. 4282 . ar son a ndéineann, 731 .

abacc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abacc or dil.ie/19

n o, m. (see Vendr. Lex. and ÉC xxiv 185 ) dwarf. In native glossaries derived from 1 ab (cf. Ériu xvi 38.4 cited below and We. afanc beaver), but the exx. do not support the meaning castor (Vendr.). abac .i. ab aband ┐ bac beg; bec bīs i n-aibnib é. Nó becc a á .i. a airde, Corm. Y 83 . a.¤ .i. bec abae, ar is a n-aibnib bit, ut dicitur: Tuatha a.¤ usce uair gluair conanat in gach dail, O'Mulc. 3 . a.¤ .i. bec adbae fobith senbic frith is in boind, O'C. 123 ( H 3.18, 74 - 5 ) (referring to the story of Senbec, RC vi 182 ; Ériu xiii 26 ). in t-aboc o Rus chaem Chas / noco n-é a taeb as imda .i. fota, LU 1029 (ACC). doluid in t-abac . . ./ . . ./ co romarbsat in abacc / fo a cossaib iar crín-amarc / ó lecht ind abaic-sin síar, Met. Dinds i 18.69 . a.¤ Pátraic, Trip.² 1905 . ro tṡillestar sí ar in n-abhacc .i. Cnú deireoil, Acall. 6000 . mar do bemais 'nar lenbaib bliadne nó 'nar n-abhcaibh beca, 5927 v.l. Lecht ind Abaicc (one of the monuments of Tara), LL 3843 (cf. lige). lige in abuic, Todd Nenn. 200.1 . mac Mēin in t-aphac bec aon-dhuine is lugha a ufianaib Ēreann, Feis TC 255 . abac do fuair Fionn ferda, SG 108.6 . Cronán abhacc ab Cluana mic Nóis, TFrag. 94.9 = Cronán becc, FM i 296.6 . cruitín no abhac, Lev. xxi 20 . abhac `a dwarf', Eg. Gl. 27 . Associated with luchorpán: doloto(ta)r lucorpain dond rig . . . atgege fergus fair . . . eolas fobarta fo muirib . . . rotbia ar int a.¤ acht aen ar[a]cuillimm airiut loch rudrige, Ériu xvi 38.4 ( Laws i 72.6 .) líntar in port forru do demnaibh i ndealbhuibh abhac ┐ luchrapan, Lism. L. 3776 . nān .i. bec, ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac lucharbán, O'Mulc. 828 .

1 abra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 abra or dil.ie/77

Forms: abrat, abra, abrait, abraid, abrait, abrat, abhra, fabhradha, abhra, abrachtaib

n nt, m. Later frequ. with inorganic f- (see also fabra). n s. abrat (leg. abra? Or for abrait?), Laws v 250.4 . a s. abraid, LL 208a16 . n p. abrait deirg, LU 7763 . g p. abrat, ZCP vii 299.17 . Later as vocalic stem (also with pl. forms in -dh-) g s. an abhra mhoill, Misc. Celt. Soc. 404.9 . n p. fabhradha, Keat. ii 3636 . g p. abhra, DDána 99.30 . Note d p. abrachtaib gl. palpebris, Lor. Gild. 120 .

Orig. perh. eyelash(es) which seems to be the usual meaning in compounds, but eyelid suits a number of exx. The mean- ings cannot always be sharply distinguished, and the follg. classification is to some extent arbitrary.

(a) eyelash(es): palpebra .i. fabhra, Ir. Gl. 79 . ? aere mor aah bruit, IT iii 91 § 126 ( BB 293a11 ). a mailghi ┐ a abraid, 186.15 . abrait duib daín, LU 4515 . (cf. abhraid .i. fabhradha. a.¤ dhubhdhaimh .i. fabhradha amail daol, O'Cl.). iter clethchor ndub ndóelabrat, 7386 . abrait fo daildath, IT i 80.16 . an dara ha.¤ dubh, aroile fionn. TBC 5551 (Stowe). ma robenad a.¤ uachtair a sul do duine, Laws iii 352.11 Comm. da ḟabra dubha, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . With mong: abra dubmall nach daor mong, IGT Decl. ex. 521 . Cf. lia sgor an mhongabhraigh mhóir, DDána 106.5 . Fig. cróib dind abaill a hEmain / . . ./ gésci findarggait fora / abrait glano co mbláthaib, Im. Brain 3 . láimh re habhradhaibh Eoraipe `hard by the fringes of Europe's shore' Ó Bruad. iii 70 x .

(b) eyelid: abrait fri nem (i.e. in prayer?), Ériu ii 64 § 4 . sruth serb saile i sūilib saigh, / aslocha fraigh n-abrat n-ūar, ZCP vii 299.17 . im fabra mil moir do chobraind, Laws i 124.7 . Cf. 250.4 . deor tromthoirsi co ti tar a.¤ ar n-aighti-ni, Arch. iii 234.18 . fabra uachtarach a súl, O'Gr. Cat. 77.38 . clad- mailgi . . . forbrit tar a fabradaib, MR 186.3 . eadrom is eatoil ghlana / muna n-iadhoinn m'aphradha, Studies 1920, 263.10 . In phrases corresponding to Engl. in the twinkling of an eye: feadh an abhra d'osgoladh, DDána 21a.2 . re turnamh an abhra O'Hussey TC 28.19 . ar feadh iadhaidh m'fhabhra even for a brief moment, DDána 32.12 .

In n.pr.: Fand . . . ingen Áeda Abrat .i. áed tene is hé tene na súla in mac imlesen, LU 3375 ( SC 17 ).

In composition abrat-, later also abra-. ¤-chaín having fair eye-lashes: o ri Erend abradchain, BB 274a33 . Ailill abrat- chaen, Rawl. 83a36 . ¤-donn: an tóg abhradonn (: agam), TD 1.26 . fad ghruaidh abhradhuinn (: Conuill), 2.36 . ¤-dub: mar ráith gCuinn abhradhduibh fhinn (: charmhoguill), DDána 119.2 . ¤-gorm: ar int aithech abratgorm, Rawl. 87a45 . da óclach aigḟinna abratgorma, TBC 4346 . ¤-mall: crann céasda an óig abhramhoill, DDána 54.24 . ¤-rúad: C. abratruad of the red eye-lashes Rawl. 83a44 = C. Abhrad-rúadh .i. rosc rúadh co mailgibh rúadha ro thecht, nam brai mala dicitur , Cóir Anm. 190 . U. abradruad, RC xxiv 274 § 7 .

See abratchor.

acclaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acclaid or dil.ie/152

Forms: ad-claid, aclaide, accaill

vn. of ad-claid. Also aclaide, accaill.

(a) act of hunting, fishing: dochúaid . . . do a.¤ a etrache fora fer flechud o'tchúas . . . gabail brattán dó to angle in the furrows whereon rain had poured, Trip.² 984 . a.¤ eisc do dil na gortai, O'C. 779 ( H. 3.18, 365b ). amail dubanaigh aclaidi quasi hami , Aisl. Tund. 104 § 3 . taibled iall, aclaid iach (pleasures of life in forest), ZCP xiii 278.4 . oc accaill arna bledmīla isin muir (of a bird), Ériu ii 120 § 58 . ?aiscid . . . duit . . . .i. duban ┐ Aicill (aichchill, v.l.) meic Moga, Acall. 7271 . seal ar aclaidh, Measgra D. 42.38 (= do dubhanacht, BCC 436.19 ). slóigh mhillse ón míonaclaidh muir `delightful hosts from whom the sea is easy to fish (i.e. calm)', TD 4.42 . acladh no aclaidh .i. iasgaireachd, O'Cl.

(b) In Laws Comm. act of inculpating, rendering liable (see ZCP xv 352 ): ?fri a.¤ coibche, Laws v 510.23 . Usually in glos- ses on forms of ad-claid: ni haclaide .i. ata annad aclaidh[e] dligeas gach comaitheach dia raile stay of suit, iv 156.28 . fo-d-aclaid .i. icin a.¤ , v 462.13 . In phrase ní tabair aclaid(e) for: ni aclaidh selb tuinide liuin .i. nocho tabair aclaidh arin liuntach, O'C. 428 (H 3.18. 233a). ní haclaid tuinide do berar bealltaine .i. ní tabuir aclaidh fair um inní fora roibhe . . ., O'D. 625 (H 3. 17, 465). ata orba nad aclaidead .i. ata firebeda do berar ar in ferand ┐ noco tabair aclaide fiach ar in ti do ní iat, Laws iv 154.15. ma claid . . . .i. is dilius don ceile co na tabar aclaide fiach air, ii 242.23 Comm. ni haclaid indlighidh fri indligthech .i. nocha tabair aclaide fiach ar feichem toichida, O'C. 338 (H 3. 18, 186b). aclad (leg. aclaid?) .i. ioc fiach, ut est ar n-aclad im chin a slán .i. arna hiocad eneclann ┐ diablad, O'Dav. 113 . ?Also in this sense: tabair tria haccail dia mbrath / i saccaib na Cannanach (of Joseph's instructions to put the king's cup in the baggage of the Canaanites) i.e. to entrap them, SR 3547 .

accmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accmaing or dil.ie/157

Forms: accmac, acfaing, acfuinn

n Earlier accmac o, later a., acfaing, acfuinn f., g s. and n p. -e. Vn. of 2 ad-cumaing. See also under tacmang.

(a) act of encompassing, encircling: doreccacha Mac Roth huad do accmac Slebe Fuaid, TBC² 3107 . acmac .i. tim- cealladh, O'Cl. acmac `a circuit or compass', Eg. Gl. 655 .

(b) power, ability, capacity: acmhaing .i. árach no cumhach- da, O'Cl. ní roibhi acmhaing etir aigi Laeg do imtheacht uadh, TBC p. 329 note 8 . is sgath uaisleachta Chláir Chuinn / fa nguaisbhearta áigh d'acmhuing in that he is able to emulate their . . . deeds, DDána 102.10 . do-ní mé . . . réir gach aoinfhir fam acmhuinn according to my ability, 101.33 . ní mó ná acfuinn gach fhir / do shirfeadh Dia ar na daoinibh `God asks of men no more than man can give', Dán Dé xxii 33 . déin na deagh-oibre . . . do réir th'acfainne spioradalta ┐ corpordha, Mac Aingil 3772 . amal badh accmaing duit to the best of thy power, ZCP iv 388.15 . an acfuinn do bhí san duine re déanamh deigh-ghníomh, TSh. 2911 . ar ní as fhóille ná ar n-acmhuinn `for less than my best effort', PBocht 17.18 . a mheic Alprainn ní budh fhoráil / deit ar n-acmhaing d'anóir `all the honour we could pay you' Dán Dé xii 12 . eire ós acfuinn dimshníomh a load of trouble too great for her, Glean- ings 29 § 4 . gé nach fuil acfainn . . . san Ngaoidheilg aguinn, Desid. 26 . do-ní iad féin broinn-líonta ré biadhaibh . . . tar a n-acfuinn, TSh. 7242 . With gen.: eacmuing na neche sin ability to perform those things, Laws ii 284.14 Comm. acfaing a denma, BB 446a28 . acmaing a ritholma, Cog. 50.7 . acmuing a bfreasta[i]l, Hugh Roe 142.14 . ni fuair a.¤ falmaisi orro, Acall. 7695 . acfuinn uraghaill, TSh. 4195 .

(c) means, instrument, apparatus (somet. in concrete sense): créd í an acmhaind is cóir do bheith ag denamh an bhaistigh? `what should be the outward observance in Baptism?', Carswell 231 . dobeir . . . trelamh ┐ acfaing fair , Moling 47 . loscfitir bar loṅga . . . nachbar-bé accmaing ellam rí imgabáil, LL 238b30 `so that ye will not have ready means of avoiding', TTr. 1620 . ca ha.¤ fil acat do cur friss? Mer. Uil. 57 . uile acmoinge marbtha daoine, TFrag. 234.18 . níor chaomhain . . . a neart Samson . . . ná aon oile aon-acfuinn dá mbí ann ar ghuaisibh an bháis, TSh. 612 . cheanglas céadfadha an chuirp ┐ acfuinne na hanma resources(?), 7906 .

(d) abundance, wealth: as lár haoibhnis ┐ hacfainne from the midst of pleasure and abundance, RC xxiii 20.2 . mar shaltraim ar úr Innse / acmhaing (sic leg.) mo shúl shilim-se copious tears, DDána 77.4 . do reir acmuinne in othuir = secundum divitias patientis, Rosa Ang. 84.16 . bíodh iomad acfuinne airgid ag neach multas pecuniarum facultates, TSh. 9990 . acfaind ┐ craes ┐ anóir, de Contemptu 1121 . mar a fuil an medi so do acfuinn superabundantia, Smaointe B. Chr. 6013 . bit acmuinn mor fertana ┐ fuachta is in tsamradh, Ir. Astr. Tr. 124.13 . ca hacfaing loin nó gébhadh what supply of provisions he would get, CCath. 1478 . cen acfuing tṡloigh innti dó do frestal catha sufficiency, 1225 . Cf. nach ḟuil acfainn catha aca am agaid si (sic leg.) CF 597 . do b[f]agbad acmaing comad cath do berad, Cog. 130.17 .

Note also: do fhagaibh do ┐ da cloind / Maisi fa maith in acmoing / gan peist. . ./ a tír da ngebdais Gaídeil, BB 18a22 . (see Keat. ii 416 n. 309 ).

1 achta(ig)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 achta(ig)id or dil.ie/208

v late formation from pret. stem (acht-) of aigid. drives: achtuigh urchur . . . don táthluimh, Cath MT 704 . achtaidh cách sgiath fri sgiath, 862 . do achtaigh aonghuin . . . fair , 906 .

ada(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ada(e) or dil.ie/254

adj I Adj. io, iā due, fitting, suitable: nephadae gl. nefas, Ml. 119a11 . adæ .i. ad-dee .i. dīr do Dīa, Corm. Y 67 . níbá hada rí co n-anim hi Temraig, LU 4056 . [n]i hadha (.i. dliged) dom anmuin apairt romnett `not due to my soul is the deed that has quelled me', Ériu ii 3.3 . teacht mís Marta a M. . . ./ do rígh Uladh ní hadha, BR 24.4 . cus in iarumdighe is adha dlechtuin don fir fine, Laws ii 282.29 Comm. areir in caich dana hadha in riaradh, i 286 z Comm. = agda, 288.1 . nir ba hadha do beith i Temair, MR 4.13 . ní hadha dhúin biadh ind fhir genntlidisea do tomailt, Lism. L. 1462 . ni hadha leosum fir a n-áeintig fria dathugud édaig, 4065 . noca nadha pennaid leo do liaigh, Ériu xii 16 § 20 n. 6 . cor imm Crúachuin día Samna / ní hadha acht is éttarba, PRIA liv (C) 18.104 . luid Odras 'na hiarn-gait / iarmairt nárbu ada, Met. Dinds. iv 198.38 . Used attributively: rochind a aided n-ada / fo chlaideb in Galgatha, SR 5675 . delm n-ada, 4069 . ai eadha `lawful case', Ériu xvii 72.14 n. 1 . ?no sceinm a.¤ na suisti `the proper bound of the flail', Laws v 158.19 Comm.

adj II Also subst. io, [n.] that which is fitting .

(a) Of the pre- rogatives and perquisites of a king (as opposed to airgart): cúig aurgarta rígh Laighen . . . at iatt a adha immorro: mess Almuine . . . these, however, are his dues the mast of Allen . . ., PRIA liv (C) 12.4 . dénatt désheircc ar Día ndil / is léor d'adhaib cach óeinfhir, 22.148 . cadeat ada flatha ┐ cuirmthige costud im dagḟlaith, lassamna do lochrannaib, Tec. Corm. § 4.1 . adha ┐ aurgarta na rígh, ZCP iv 237.36 . fili . . . nach fiasara adha . . . na rig so, BR 6.24 . aga .i. buada, O'C. 969 (H 3.18, 416). adha .i. buadha, Stowe Gl. 226 . Note also: ni ro hingabad geis leo ┐ ni ro hadradh ada they did not avoid taboos or cleave to customary dues, CCath. 1166 . ro imbir fair dano cach ada aili ba dir do imbirt for tarb idparta, 959 .

(b) In more general sense of appurtenances, accoutrements etc.: cach n-ada as ada do ócaib oc comruc, MU² 966 . dofuctha adai na fleidi the appropriate things for a feast, IT i 311.34 . atberim frib . . ./ ada, buada, belltaine / coirm, mecoin . . ., Hib. Min. 49.4 . carna, cuirm, cnoimes, cadla / it e ada na Samna, .20 . is iat a ada olla / stuic, cruitti cuirn chróes-tholla (of an oenach), Met. Dinds. iii 18.233 . Note also: ada usce nosbera, LB 228 marg. sup. (see Pref. p. 39).

ad-aig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-aig or dil.ie/259

Forms: a-tom-aig, a-tob-aich, a-tn-agat, adagar, adagatar, a-tn-aig, ad-aigtis, ad-n -agad, atagtha, a-tan-ebla, adeblad, adacht, adachtatár, atachtsat, adacht, adachta, at(n)aigid

v Usually given as compd. of aigid ( Ped. ii 451 ), but in conjunct position -aig only is found. Perh. orig. ad-aig, -aig, a verb of the type described Thurn. Gramm. § 543 (a) (ro-cluinethar etc.). Hence ad-aig here with deut. forms only and without vn. In mid. Ir. very common with tautological inf. pron. 3 s.m. (atn-aig). See aigid.

Indic. pres. 3 s. a-tom-aig, Wb. 10d26 . a-tob-aich, 9c20 . 3 pl. a-tn-agat, TBFr. 273 . Pass. sg. adagar, BB 252b27 . Pl. adagatar, Críth Gabl. 93 . Ipv. 2 s. a-tn-aig, TBC² 935 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. ad-aigtis, MR 256.24 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ad-n -agad, Laws v 466.5 . Pass. sg. atagtha, Ériu ii 122 § 63 . Fut. 3 s. a-tan-ebla, Sc.M² § 3 . 3 pl. adeblad, RC xxi 382.12 v.l. pret. 3 s. adacht, LL 4899 . 3 pl. adachtatár LU 5344 . atachtsat, Leb. Gab. 116.16 . Pass. sg. adacht, LL 13608 . Pl. adachta, Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). Later as simple vb. at(n)aigid.

(a) drives, impels to (DO): cid atobaig dó `what impels you to it?' Wb. 19d10 . is foirbthetu hirisse attotaig do neoch dogní `we know it is perfection of faith that impels thee to what thou doest', 6c16 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi dognethe frib `what impels you not to forgive every injury that may have been done to you?', 9c20 . dílmaine aisndísen atannaig[n]i do, Ml. 93d12 . ar is ainbfius ┐ seimple adidnuid do, Laws i 94.7 . adaig a mmairtorad do digh `the produce of the sea impels one to drink', Ériu xii 20 § 25 . atnaig G. dó assin tig G. drove him out of the house, LL 13590 . atnaig dó for teiched, 13610 . Of driving animals etc.: fer adaig secht mbu i tir a cheile, Laws iii 128.2 . fer idaig cethra . . . ina fér . . . amail bid a cethra fodesin adnagad ind, v 466.4 . at-nagar gamain istech die marbad, Ériu vii 198 § 6 . ad-nagar cæra histech, 199 § 7 = doberar, 6 §§ 6, 7 . atnaigset na huain . . . docum a mmaithrech, Lism. L. 86 . adnaig tar fot cruach i nardnimed `he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanc- tuary', Ériu xii 83.14 . adacht Laigniu he drove the Leinster- men before him, LL 4899 . a.¤ i tenid sets on fire : adachtatár in crích hi tenid, LU 5344 (TBC). Note also: atan-ebla i luim luaith who will reduce us to bare ashes, Sc.M² 3 . ?adadar (adagar v.l.) tene ind, Trip.² 605 . atasaigid hi tenid, Cymmr. xiv 114.13 .

(b) pushes, thrusts, places, puts: ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire he puts the head beside him, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). benais mír don staic . . . ┐ ataig . . . ina beol, Aisl. MC 65.11 ( LB 217a28 ). atnaig in di oibill . . . isin tellach, adnaidh a formna re comlaidh in dorois, Aen. 2296 . roadnacht F. grainne n-oir fo slinnen [a maic], ZCP ii 134 § 4 (form influenced by ad-anaig). atnaig C. foí atherruch C. thrusts him under it again (of wrestling in water), LU 5232 (TBC) = TBC² 755 . ataig a bratt tairsiu a triur, IT ii2 210.65 . ce at agtha fo claideb `though they were put to the sword', Ériu ii 122 § 63 . atnaigh-sium a mher tharse plied his finger over it (of playing the harp), RC vi 183.15 . atagat láim tairsiu they ravage them LL 231b5 ( TTr. 1046 ). atagat . . . cath cróda they prosecute a valiant fight TFerbe 741 . atnaig a bendachtain for Jacob, LB 114a5 . a.¤ aithne (for) recognises: adhnaigh Cairpri aichne conarbé Mac Con C. recognised that he was not Mac Con, Anecd. ii 79 § 7 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair , IT i 126.9 .

(c) inflicts, imposes on (FOR): ataigh Midir . . . tri plagha foraibh, BB 390a39 . ataig cummasc . . . forsna slúagu `he caused the slaughter of the hosts', TTr.² 1480 . atachtsat (.i. tucsat) doeire forra, Leb. Gab. 116.16 . atnagar rátha ┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir C. fria comall, Aisl. MC 23.3 . ataigtis ratha airib / secht n-airig ata inir, LL 2596 . cach nidnacul .i. adanaig fair in flaith, O'C. 830 (H 3.18, 380b). attaig Moysi forro in dam orda . . . do merliugud M. obliges them to destroy (?) the golden calf, BB 241a47 = atnaig LB 120a37 . YBL 291a27 .

(d) proffers, gives: tescaid . . . in clérech a lúdain de ┐ atnaig don filid, Fél. 70.9 . ataig in poíc di ar dig, LL 4598 = dorat ind póice dí ar dig, Ériu iv 102.2 . adnaig side grád don gilla, RC v 200 § 15 . atnagar biad doib, MR 10.12 . ataig cuit cach trir, LU 1816 . atnagar cennacht macraidi Ulad do Choin Chulaind, LU 10494 . atnaghar doib Cú na cles `C. is surrendered to them', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. i 44.22 . adnaigh .i. tabairt nó tidlacad ut est atnaigh uait surrender it, O'Dav. 131 . Of giving a blow: ataig taithbéim dia claidiub dóib, LU 3264 ( SC § 6 ). atnaig T. bulli do, LL 329a7 .

(e) carries, brings: ataig C. lais ina fúair d'ór, TFerbe 745 . atnaig corp a athar leiss, LU 2796 . atnagad leo cen fhis they take him with them, YBL 139a45 .

(f) raises, puts forth (cry, shout): atreset iarsin ┐ dobérat (atbelat, adeblad, addeablatt v.l. ) an óengáir eisib, RC xxi 382.12 and n. andar lat batar fir betha adaigdis breisim foé Ériu xii 178 § 7 . atnagat a ṅgol, TBFr. 273 . ataig a díchelta ass he gives forth his secrets, LU 4457 . atnaig a gloim n-archon for aird, LL 12897 .

(g) a.¤ mnaí takes a wife (cf. do-beir m.): atnaigh mnai an Dunchada `he married the wife of D.', TFrag. 56.9 .

(h) undertakes, sets about, begins (with oc and vn.): atnagait (leg. ata-agat, Stories from Táin) . . . oc imtrascrad they set to wrestling, LU 5230 (TBC). atagat (atberat v.l. Ériu iv 102.41 ) ca rád ra Níall / dul don tiprait . . ., LL 4604 . attaig Isac ac lamachtad a láimí, BB 236b18 . atnaig oc blassachtaig `he began smacking his lips', Aisl. MC 47.12 . Note also: atnaig in druí . . . for imthecht, Met. Dinds. iv 60.29 . adnaig for iarraidh A `he went in search of A', Aen. 2656 .

(i) goes, proceeds: atnaig Ethne fades, LU 4465 . adnaig remib co Mag nGlass he sets out at their head to Mag nGlass, Ériu v 236.64 . atnaig E. i cocud crúaid `E. departs to stern strife', Met. Dinds. iv 68.129 . adnaigh 'san imruagadh `he betook himself to flight', Aen. 2846 . atnaig and lá n-óen i m-boith aroli meic lēgind he goes into the cell of a certain student, Aisl. MC 53.21 . atnagat uile inna agaid fadeoig RC v 199 § 8 . atnagat (do chuiriter v.l.) nói do chauradaib ina dochum dia marbad, Otia ii 86 § 4 . atnaigim isin cuchtair, Aisl. MC 91.17 . ataigimm isin tech mor, z . Impers. atnagar hi cend breithi do breith they proceed to judge, 21.13 .

ad-claid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-claid or dil.ie/392

Forms: ad-claid, arclaid, -aclaid, adcladat, -accladat, -aclaidead, ad-clais, -aclais, ad-cichlus, acclaidset, -arcech- lath, acclaid(e), accail, aurclaidid, acláiset, conclaidhsid

v (ad-clad- Ped. ii 492 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-claid, ZCP xv 351 § 40 . With prefix ar: arclaid, LU p. 310 note d . -aclaid, O'D. 625 ( H. 3.17, 465c6 ). 3 pl. adcladat, Ml. 112b2 . -accladat, Críth Gabl. 559 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -aclaidead, Laws iv 154.12 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ad-clais, Trip.² 986 . -aclais, O'C. 463 (H 3.18, 245). Fut. 1 s. ad-cichlus, Thes. ii 48.6 . pret. 3 pl. ?acclaidset, Met. Dinds. ii 82.z . Perf. pass. sg. -arcech- lath (better -āroechlath, ed.), Bürgschaft 18 § 56 .

Vn. acclaid(e), accail.

(a) fishes, hunts: an adcladat gl. aucupantes Ml. 112b2 . adcichlus gl. uenabor, Thes. ii 48.6. 362.z . ar a roí ad-clais lindi, Trip.² 986 . i tig fir arclaid iasc i mmuir ethiíar, LU p. 310 note d . iss e atclaid na hiasco fo [ṡ]náad fo moirib, ZCP iii 239.z . ?afraigid, rīg Macha aurc[h]laidmig far mbū tesorcid far mbroit catch your cows(?), TBC² 3456 (the siglum for m seems to be later (edd.): leg. aurclaidid?) (cf. afraigid rig M. aurclichid ┐rl., 3081 ). ?With meaning of con-claid digs: ite cen meth . . . / acclaidset múr nAlinde `dug the rampart of A.', Met. Dinds ii 82.z . (roclaisead, acláiset, conclaidhsid v. ll.). Possibly also: ra accallset sída fo thalmain dóib, MU² 9 (referred in Gloss. to ad-gíalla, see ad-gíall(n)a).

(b) Legal inculpates, renders liable: trí aurrach nád accladat ríg three requisitions which do not inculpate a king, Críth Gabl. 559 . sleth . . . atá tucht ad-claid bein .i. ce[n] [eri]cc i saide dia fir there is one way in which it inculpates a woman, ZCP xv 351 § 40 . mana airigt[h]er fair isin treide seo, ni sui meth forsin ceili de [mad]claid airigu[d] dilis if the testing inculpates (of testing malt), xiv 348.14 , xv 259.36 . ata orba nad aclaidead, Laws iv 154.12 . ni haclaide (sic. ?Leg. -ed) ain bo do tarb, 156.21 . ni hacluid fuata nathgabala, ii 82.1 . ní haclaid tuinide do berar bealltaine .i. ní tabuir aclaidh fair um inní for a roibhe a thuinidhe o bealltaine go bealltaine, O'D. 625 ( H 3.17, col. 465 - 466 ). ár ní haclaid nach toirisiudh co nairille, 592 ( H 3.17, col. 448 ). ni aclaid selb tuinide liuin .i. nocho tabair aclaid arin liuntach, O'C. 428 ( H 3.18, 233a ) = Laws iv 270.7 . ma imgabaid eces dama, ni acclaid crod a thigi it does not make the property of his house liable, ZCP xvi 222.17 . as-comrar na arcechlath I have paid and it has not rendered me liable, Bürgschaft 18 § 56 .

ad-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fen or dil.ie/438

Forms: ad-fenar, -aithenar, -aithidis, adfether, athfethar, adfither, aithid, aiti, aithe

v (*aith-fen-, Ped. ii 517 ). Indic. pres. pass. sg. ad-fenar, Laws i 256.6 . -aithenar, Sc.M² § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -aithidis, Wb. 21d11 . Fut. pass. sg. adfether, Wb. 20b7 . athfethar, Gael. 50, 140 ( Bláthm. 977 ). adfither, Ériu i 68.17 . Later as simple vb. aithid. See also 2 aithnigid. Verbal of necess. aiti, IT iii 199.4 . Vn. aithe.

Repays, requites: digail .i. adfether do gl. portabit iudicium, Wb. 20b7 . asber . . . arandaithidisom di maith `he says . . . that they should requite it with good' 21d11 . aithgabail insin ad fenar fo fio ad fenar olcc anmuinib ad fenar maith muinib, Laws i 256.6 . mani atma flaith na fine nad innarbann, is aithgin ind. Ad-fenar, feib ro-n-erthar, ZCP xiv 382 § 46 (= Laws ii 308.20 ). ar asrenar fo-fia, ar is ó ulcc fo-fenar (adfenar, fofechar, MSS) olcc for evil is repaid by evil(?), ZCP xi 85 § 39 . nach urgais nad aitir co cend mbliadhna, O'Don. 2233 (Nero A vii, 155-6). aither feich inbleogain air, O'C. 766 ( H. 3.18, 360b ). ?gin co haitaither, 506 ( H. 3.18, 257 ). dianotecma slait / do bachla sdo chluic / fo déin cen ro aithe / na ro caithe a ccuit, KMMisc. 270.10 . nó go n-aithear m'adhbhar-sa till my grudge is settled, DDána 95.4 . ní aitheann i gcéadóir cion, 60.36 . ní hé gu maithfe tú an troighech / aithfe an crú sa soidech súd, IGT Decl. ex. 811 . m'olc féin is é do aithfeadh, Dán Dé vii 28 . Freq. in constr. ad-fen (aithid) x for y avenges x on y: ni haiti for neach . . . dia mbadh a n-inadh aco sin no digladh a fholaid, IT iii 199.4 . aithis in file fechair / a díbe ar a droich-ṡethair, Met. Dinds. iii 56.37 . aithfimídne fort sa 'na ndeine d'éccoir forainn, BNnÉ 6.30 . cech ní dorigne-sim . . . fris in slaníccid do haithed fair , LB 142b41 . aithid air bar n-esanóir `revenge on him your insults,' MR 218.8 . co ro aithedh ┐ co ro dioghladh a ainninne for aroile, FM v 1360.24 . do aith orainn ar n-ábhocht, Magauran 4200 . Cf. da n-aithea ferg Dé foraib, PH 2948 .

ad-fét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fét or dil.ie/440

Forms: adfediu, adfiadu, adféidim, adonfedi, adfeit, adfét, adfet, adfiad, adféidend, asidfet, adfiadam, asṅdafiadam, adfēdem, adfiadhamar, adfédid, adfiadat, adfethet, atfetet, as-fiadat, adfiadar, ad-iadar, adfedar, adfiadatar, adfethed, adféded, attafeid, adfē, adféta, atchous, at-coïs, atchois, ad-cois, asidchói, ad-cæstar, adfeissed, atcoad, atchosse[d], ad-fias-[s]a, adfias, addéos, addíus, -adius, ad-fiassar-sa, ad-fessar, adfesar, ad-fii, adfíí, itfe, adfessam, adfíastar, atfesedh, at fiad, adfíadar, atfiadhamar, adfiadatar, adfétaiter, adfedsat, adfes, ad-fessa, adféta, adchoad, adcuaid, adchuiaid, adcuid, itcuaid, rachuaid, adchuad- amar, adcóidemmar, choidemar, adcuademar, atchuamar, adcuadatar, atchúidetar, atchuatettar, atcuatar, atchuas, adcuas, atcóas, adchoas, adcos, hitcós, racuas, rachoas, dofedisiu, dofet, dofeid, dofedat, dos-féta, dochúaid, docuas

v (*ad-fiad-, Ped. ii 518 . Thurn. Gramm. p. 520 . See also in-fét). Indic. pres. 1 s. adfediu, LL 662 . adfiadu , CCath. 4518 . adféidim (: Erinn), LL 513 . 2 s. adonfedi, BB 498b35 . 3 s. adfeit, Ml. 111c4 . adfét, 62a6 , 87d1 ; Sg. 18a1 , 103a1 . adfet, Ml. 99d9 . adfiad, SR 2518 . adféidend (: Ērenn), ZCP xiv 178.5 . In rel. clause with inf. pron. asidfet, LU 3626 ( SC § 31 ). 1 pl. adfiadam, Ml. 14d10 . In rel. clause with inf. pron. asṅdafiadam, 93d14 . adfēdem (: Erenn) LL 6292 . With depon. ending adfiadhamar, CCath. 2263 . 2 pl. adfédid, Snedgus u. Mac R. 14.7 . 3 pl. adfiadat, Wb. 28c23 ; Ml. 51d2 . adfethet, Met. Dinds. iii 410.1 . atfetet, TTr.² 346 . as-fiadat, IT i 137.22 . Pass. sg. adfiadar, Wb. 18c8 ; Ml. 128a15 ; Sg. 74b8 . ad-iadar (rel.), Wb. 27a10 . adfedar, RC xvi 83 § 130 . Pl. adfiadatar, Ml. 23a13 . Indic. impf. 3 s. adfethed, Rawl. 84a20 . adféded, IT i 74.16 . Ipv. 2 s. attafeid, ZCP xiii 372.26 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. adfē, H 1.18, 23 b (cited ZCP xviii 318 ). adféta, TBC 1764 (or fut.?); Met. Dinds. iv 284.5 . With perfective -com-: 1 s. atchous, Tec. Corm. § 2.3 . 2 s. at-coïs (ad-coois, atchois v.l.) Fél. Prol. 182 . ad-cois, Im. Brain ii 286 (see Celtica v 135 , vi 126 ). 3 s. rel. with inf. pron. asidchói, Met. Dinds. ii 24.96 . Pass. pl. ad-cæstar, Bürg- schaft § 59 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adfeissed, Hail Brigit § 21 . ?atcoad, LU 3323 ( SC § 11 ). ?atchosse[d], 5616 ( TBC² 1136 ). Fut. 1 s. ad-fias-[s]a, SR 1785 . adfias, Met. Dinds. iii 112.21 . addéos, LL 462 . addíus, Lec. 13rb4 . -adius, 11rb47 . With deponent ending ad-fiassar-sa, Anecd. ii 43.5 . ad-fessar, Trip.² 2628 . adfesar, Ériu iv 152 § 33 . 3 s. ad-fii, Im. Brain 52 . adfíí, ii 285.25 . itfe, Laud 610 , fo. 12b (Plummer MS notes). 1 pl. adfessam, LL 1461 . Pass. sg. adfíastar, LU 3514 ( SC § 28 ). Condit. 3 s. atfesedh, Ériu ii 126 § 81 .

Pret. and perf. (on the pret. forms see Thurn. Gramm. 430 ). 3 s. at fiad, Gael. 50, 123 ( Bláthm. 73 ). adfíadar, LU 3454 (SC § 23). adfiadar (rel.), 3436 (§ 20). rod fét, TBC 5670 (St.). 1 pl. atfiadhamar, CCath. 2263 . 3 pl. adfiadatar, RC xi 442 § 5 . adfétaiter, MU² 818 . adfedsat, Fl. Earls 118.23 . Pass. sg. adfes, Mon. Tall. 141.5 (§ 34) . Pl. ad-fessa, TBC² 331 . adféta, TBC 866 . See adbas. With perfective -com- 1 s. adchoad, Arch. Hib. ii 74.68 . 3 s. adcuaid, Wb. 21d11 ; Ml. 65a1 . adchuiaid, Ml. 123d4 . adcuid, Ml. 110c5 ; 126b2 . itcuaid, Alex. 491 . rachuaid, LL 219b19 ( TTr. 182 ). 1 pl. adchuad- amar, LU 19 . adcóidemmar, Sg. 43a6 . at choidemar , Gael. 50, 129 ( Bláthm. 370 ). adcuademar, Trip.² 3095 . atchuamar, BB 38a15 . 3 pl. adcuadatar, RC iii 346.1 . atchúidetar, Trip.² 634 . atchuatettar, 928 . atcuatar, PH 3775 . Pass. sg. atchuas, IT i 76.12 . adcuas, Cog. 98.3 . atcóas, TBC² 1162 . adchoas, LL 245b25 . adcos, CS 8.24 . hitcós, Alex. 159 . racuas, TBC 4591 . rachoas, TFrag. 62.8 .

With substitution of prefix do- for ad-: Indic. pres. 2 s. dofedisiu, LB 211b48 (dofeidiusu, Anecd. v 5.4 .). 3 s. dofet, Lec. 31ra29 . dofeid (.i. aisnéidh), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 (cf. do-fed) ( LL 393a52 ). 3 pl. dofedat, Rawl. 69a35 . Subj. 3 s. (or fut.?) dos-féta, TBC 1773 . Perf. 3 s. dochúaid, TBC 5034 . Pass. docuas, CRR § 17 .

For forms apparently due to conflation of ad-fét and do-adbat see do-adbat, and also árfas, ar-fét .

Tells, relates (DI of, DO to): o adcuaid rúin ícce in cheneli dóine, Wb. 21d11 . senchassa rechta adfiadat sáibapstil, 28c23 . a n-adiadar di crist, 27a10 . is ed adfet a legend, Ml. 84d4 . manip ecoir frisin stoir ad-fiadam-ni, 14d10 . adfiadar . . . airechas du thabairt do macc, 128a15 . iarsindí adcuaidsom di neuch, 65a1 . ciasu du duaid adfiadar isin titul though mention is made of David in the title(?), 72d9 . ní etarscarad comsuidigthi file and huare is fo oen (sic leg.) aicciund adfiadar `since it is pronounced under a single accent' (is described as having?), Sg. 74b8 . is airi adfét de `therefore he discourses of it', 18a1 . adfii rúna `he will make known', Im. Brain 52 . inbat la comorbu cuimne cen ogom i n-ailcib . . . ci ad-caestar, cia for curu sen siastar `when heirs have (only) memories without ogom on stones . . . although these (i.e. their memories) have been proclaimed how shall the contracts of the deceased be enforced? Bürgschaft § 59 (see Ériu xi 155 , xii 207 ). adfiasa duit cen bréc ṁbrais / . . . / féib leir donralad do nim, SR 1785 . ?in breth berar adbia do dia tigh, O'D. 518 ( H. 3.17, 420 -1). atdius dāib a n-aicned fīr / in[n]a nder . . . I will tell you the true nature of tears, ZCP vii 299.14 . iarsin gním adchuáid Fergus, LU 4974 (TBC). adfeta don mac sin scéla na maccáem, LL 8308 (TBC. = o'tt- chuala an mac . . . scéla, Stowe 776). ros bīadh mōr do scēlaib atfesedh manus- beth tenga dia rēlad, Ériu ii 126 § 81 . dothiasar fair ma atchosse nech dúib, LU 5616 = ma atchoise, TBC² 1136 (?read atchoí or atchoised) it will be a subject of conversation if anyone tells it to you(?). o 'tcuas d'feraib Eirenn marbadh na mbeo, Laws i 14.16 . maso amnne adonfedi if it be thus thou relatest to us, BB 498b35 = dofedi, LB 211b48 (doedi, Alex. 920 ). adfét a aithesc, LL 12698 . adfét dóib uli amal atchon- nairc, LU 3332 ( SC § 12 ). addíusa dúib . . . écta Guill, LL 204a34 . adfias (atcías, v.l.) dúib . . . a senchas, Met. Dinds. iii 112.1 . mat cias (?read ma'tcúas or ma'tcess, edd.) a maith `if his virtue was reported', Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . adcós úaim duib I have told you, CS 8.y . is ann . . . atfiadar lith ┐ sollamain inti noem C. i mi nouimbir `is celebrated', Fen. 6.5 . adfess forru corbo miscais leo a cheile it was told of them(?), SG 51.27 . amail adfedar ar Macgnimarthaib C. as is related in(?) RC xvi 83 § 130 = atfegar, BB 410a29 . eos no adéos .i. sloinnfeadh no inneosad, O'Cl.

ad-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gair or dil.ie/453

Forms: ad-gaur, adgair, adgair, -acair, atgairith, adgairet, -acrait, adgairther, -agar- thar, -acarthar, -acarar, -agartar, -acair, ad-gaura, -acrai, -aigera, -aicerat, -aigérthar, ad-gérad, adobragart, adrograd, agartha, acrae, acraid

v ( Ped. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-gaur, Thes. ii 228.30 (PCr.). adgairim, LU 10289 . 2 s. adgair, Laws ii 118.24 . 3 s. adgair, Laws v 100.21 . -acair, Laws i 102.x . 2 pl. atgairith, Wb. 9c22 . 3 pl. adgairet, O'Dav. 136 . -acrait, Laws v 118.10 . Pass. sg. adgairther, Críth Gabl. 61 . -agar- thar, Cóic Con. Fug. 29 § 12 . -acarthar, Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . -acarar, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . Pl. -agartar, Cóic Con. Fug. 29 § 12 . Ipv. 2 s. -acair, KMMisc. 262.13 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ad-gaura (ad-gara v.l.), Anecd. iii 26.6 . -acrai (acro, v.l.), 22.22 . Fut. 3 s. -aigera, Laws i 272.11 Comm. 3 pl. -aicerat, Laws i 116.26 Comm. Pass. sg. -aigérthar, MR 294.2 . Condit. 3 s. ad-gérad, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . ( Laws iv 220.7 ). Perf. 3 s. adobragart, Wb. 19b5 . Pass. sg. adrograd, Wb. 3c22 .

Verbal of necess. agartha, O'D. 546 (H 3.17, 436).

Vn. acrae.

Later as simple vb. acraid. IGT Verbs § 47 .

(a) adgaur no duttluchur gl. conuenio, Thes. ii 228.30 ( PCr. 60a5 ). adgairim firu chóicid Chonchobair immá rig, LU 10289 . is and adragart Sencha . . . ``na curid cor díb'' or se called out(?), IT i 67.9 . adrograd cath uadib impu battle was offered(?), LL 22531 ( Dinds. 158 ). doberthar in cath acruim `the battle will be fought which I proclaim', Fen. 376.19 .

(b) sues, prosecutes, impleads, accuses: ní dilgaid a n-ancride dogníther frib act atgairith `but ye complain of it (i.e. make it a cause of action)', Wb. 9c22 . sech ni acrathar ni tacrathar `neither suit nor levy is made against them' Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . deoraid bis for snadugh ni acuir ni acurthur i.e. he has no ordinary legal status O'D. 48 (H 3.17, c.43). fer adgair ┐ adgairther, Triads 161 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14.y . ni agraid filidh acht fioruibh fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 . a[i]r ad-gérad cách di threbairi mani dénta[e] ruidles de `for everyone would sue on the ground of the owner's responsibility', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 ( Laws iv 220.7 ). is co nog-dire . . . atgairter `it is impleaded with full díre', Ériu xii 83.23 . nach coimdedh beas mo logh ne[i]ch adgair fri hinbleoghuin of that which he claims against the surety-kinsman, Laws ii 14.19 . in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn, i 58.17 Comm. is e in lin coibdelach acerus in rath, ii 208.25 . curub grad sechta ac aidbred a sét ac duine is isli inás ┐ curab nech ni adagara, O'D. 1632 (H 5.15, 17). is ed adgair o rigaib `this is what he sues from kings', Laws v 100.21 . ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, inge ma deoru De atgaru uadaib ar etgo i n-eclais De, 118.10 . rohagrad Cúchulaind annsin ó Ultaib C. was then sued by the Ulstermen, Ériu i 126.1 . re foraithmet na fala ro haccradh etorra that was a matter of dispute FM vi 2266.6 . aigeóraidh sé an domhan, John xvi 8 . dá n-agra coir 'n-ar gcoinne / tagra ni fhoil agoinn-ne if thou urgest sin against us, DDána 25.4 . . . . dá ngéar-agra / an troigh 'san taobh `if Thou bringest against me the wounding of Thy foot and side', Dán Dé xvi 15 . d'éigsibh Éireann is anait / ionnmhus dā n-agraid Bréithnigh if the men of B. should demand wealth, O'R. Poems 2054 . agrais Muire . . . / mar nar dhiúlt dí o thosach he implored Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 .

(c) Various: adobragart gl. [quis] uos fascinauit [non obedire ueritati], Wb. 19b5 . ( Gal. iii 1 ) leg. fascenauit 'he [the Devil] has seduced you ' Ogma 239 , 'bewitched' LOIG 39 . In phrases, a.¤ x imm y sues x for y: mas a naenfecht ro hacrad he im fiach a laime, Laws iii114.z . créad an chóir . . . fa n-aguir inis Alban, TD 24.4 . a.¤ x i(n-) y: nech donair for imdecht . . . cén mbes sorchu al-lá ní hacarar ind he is not sued for it, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ná hagair inn sa gcánaidh, DDána 24.24 . do agradaois a ghaol isan gcion `they would sue his kin for the crime', Keat. i 68.16 . agraim ad ghealladh thú I earnestly beseech you in virtue of your promise, Mac Aingil 320 . aigéoram in gach gellad dibh-sin é, BCC 116.33 . a.¤ x for y sues y in the matter of x: sechipe tra adgaura in cain-si in domnaig gid fora athuir, Anecd. iii 26.6 . co nderna cert frit do neoch adgair fair `in what thou suest him for', Laws ii 118.24 . ni acuir in fechiumh for in cintuch in aithghin, 16.9 Comm. ná hacair for cill (chill v.l.) `do not sue the clergy', KMMisc. 262 § 15 . nī ba hē cētní aicēras demon form-sa īar n-dul anúnd, Aisl. MC 25.3 . in adbaid a naigérthar uirre a h-uilc (of the soul) MR 294.2 . ni h-anagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, 160.11 . mairg ar a n-aigeora a ḟuil, Aithd. D. 68.12 . agraigh sé orra a choin- gheall `forces his terms upon them', Content. v 102 . agrais E. . . . / a chunnradh ar Coin gCuluinn, DDána 82.24 . do agair a fhīch ┐ a aimréir ar Ulltaibh vented his anger on, ML² 1199 . mun agaradh a fhuaith ar bhoin `unless he vented his hatred on a cow', Ó Bruad. iii 170.12 . looks after, tends (cf. ar-gair): i tig fir adgair búar maige Tethrai, Comp. Con C. 26 § 17 . ni tualaing ben ro-ria ni sech oen a cenn: ada-gair a athair i-mbe (leg. mbi) ingen . . . ada- gairet a mme[i]cc i-mbi be clainne .i. urgairid a athair hi ínas (leg. anas) ingen do hi her father looks after her when she is a maiden (un- married), Ir. Recht 35 § 38 . forbids, prevents: rafetarsa as peccad comaccobor hore adrograd gl. nam concupiscentiam nesciebam nisi lex diceret: non concupisces ( Rom. vii 7 ), `I know that concupiscence is sin because it has been forbidden', Wb. 3c22 . adgairet .i. urgairet, ut est dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana argairet ré cuaird dunebath i.e. tithes etc. prevent the plague, O'Dav. 136 .

adgaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adgaire or dil.ie/454

Forms: a(i)thgaire

Meaning doubtful; Thurneysen translates sorcery (Beschreiung, Behexung) ZCP xxi 286 . Thurn. Ir. Recht 36 suggests vn. of ad-gair <*ath-gar-, but no form a(i)thgaire occurs. Cf. dith n-aee, dith n-a.¤ nad hi suilib sinemoin `ineffectualness in claiming back' (Thurn.), Bürgschaft 20 § 60 . Usually associated with ainem, referring to injury or damage of some kind: cin on cin ainem . . . cin a.¤ , O'D. 2226 (Nero A vii 152b). foceird in drúi . . . cúic essa imdegla fair ar guin, ar báduth, ar thein, ar a.¤ ar cach nolc, ZCP viii 310.35 . (Laud 610 96b1). mad ina aighe asrenar comlethet a aighthe do argat . . . ┐ a.¤ nainme i sochaide co cenn teora mbliadan `he sues him for every time that he is reproached with the blemish' (of the wounding of a bishop), Laws iv 364.1 . ruc fath-brithem Almaine / a.¤ cen inmaine Met. Dinds. iv 322.40 (`a loveless summons'). bersa atgaire mo lam feoire fir, LL 209b8 . a.¤ .i. adas-gair, O'Mulc. 23 (see adgair).

ad-gnin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gnin or dil.ie/463

Forms: -athgniniu, adgniatt, -aithgnintar, -aithnentar, atgnied, -aithgnead, conatcomgeontais, -aithgné, -aithgnet, atgnead, adgneth, asaithgned, atagensa, -aithgéna, atatgentar-su, -athgnitae, adgén-sa, -athgén, -aithchéin, -aithgein, ad-geúin, ad-id-geúin, -aithgeuin, -aithgiuin, atgeóin, aithgeóin, adgenammar, adrogenmair, -orgenamar, -aithgenamar, -athgénmár, atgenatar, -athgéntar, atgensat, aichensat, aithgensat, aithgeonadh, aithne, ætgnithi

v (*ath-gni-n-, Ped. ii 546 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. -athgniniu, Liad. and Cuir. 16.4 . 3 pl. adgniatt, O'Dav. 156 . Pass. sg. -aithgnintar, Sg. 29b10 . -aithnentar, Triads 188 v.l. . Indic. impf. 3 s. atgnied, ZCP vii 300.11 . -aithgnead, LU 5921 (TBC). Cf. 3 pl. conatcomgeontais `so that they knew not', CCath. 4777 , cf. 4800 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. -aithgné, LU 5870 (TBC). 3 pl. -aithgnet, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atgnead, LU 10323 . adgneth, O'C. 2165 ( Eg. 88, fo. 4(5)d) . With inf. pron. in rel. clause asaithgned, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ).

Fut. 1 s. atagensa, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). 3 s. -aithgéna Liad. and Cuir. 22.4 . Pass. sg. atatgentar-su, Ml. 121d22 . Condit. 2 s. -athgnitae, IT i 144.21 .

Pret. and perf. (in early lang. frequ. with meaning of present) 1 s. adgén-sa, Wb. 12c13 . -athgén, LL 274b32 . 2 s. -aithchéin, TBFr. 206 . -aithgein, RC iii 345.25 . 3 s. ad-geúin: ad-id-geúin, Wb. 12c13 . -aithgeuin, Ml. 52 . -aithgiuin, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . atgeóin, Met. Dinds. iii 224.11 . ro aithgeóin , Ériu iv 94 § 11 . 1 pl. adgenammar, Wb. 14d28 . adrogenmair, O'C. 1887 (23 P 3, fo. 22a). Cf. also -orgenamar, CRR 17 , 33 ? -aithgenamar, RC xiii 222.33 . -athgénmár, LU 10800 . 3 pl. atgenatar, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). -athgéntar, RC xxv 348 § 3 . With s-pret.: atgensat, FM vi 2214.11 . ro aichensat , CCath. 5558 . ro aithgensat , 5560 . ? Pass. sg. aithgeonadh, SG 121.33 .

Later as simple vb., see 2 aithnid.

Vn. aithne. Part. (pl.) ætgnithi (corrected from angnithi), Wb. 1b14 . See also as-gnin.

See con-gnin.

(a) knows, recognises: air nicon bia-som manibé aní hua n-aithgnintar ┐ hua n-ainmnigther, Sg. 29b10 . atatgentarsu gl. cognosceris, Ml. 121d22 . ni naithgeuin ┐ leicsi huad `he did not recognise him', 52 . ni rabi la Ultu fer asaithgned amal ro salchad, conid i n-a labrad atgenatar there was not . . . anyone who recognised him . . . so that it was by his speech that they recognised him, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). ecmaic atgeoin- sium for erlabrai ind fir co mbo druth he knew by the man's speech, LU 5874 (TBC). atgéoin ba doib forruised in praind, 1715 . aithgin a athair and ornasc imma meor, his father recognised . . . the gold ring, RC xii 72 § 44 . Pret. frequ. used with pres. meaning: adgenammar a séis `we know his meaning', Wb. 14d28 . a mbelra-sa no labraimsi . . . atgenatarside they know it, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . ? nis fuighli nad ergeouin, Laws i 296.20 . atatgen, is tú rommalt I know thee, it is thou who fostered me, SR 2887 . atgénammár asa samail in fer sin we recognise, LU 8605 ( FB 46 ). aithgén ar a mbernaib beit mairt ili, LU 6623 (TBC rhet.). atgeon-sa isat filid, MR 68.3 .

(b) perceives, is aware of: ataat tri laa . . . o atam-ni ic imbirt na fidchille acht nat aic[h]enmar lasin mbansoillsi, TBFr. p. 18.10 . atgniat na Gaill gur bhó celg rohinnledh, Hugh Roe 84.17 (fo. 22b) . atngneadh i n-aghad hin duine in galur no-m-bid fair atgnied . . . al-lín no-mbid conn galur ann (of a physician), RC iii 344.11 . roaithgeóin (conaithgéoin, v.l.) smacht féig fíadnach he experienced keen well-known discipline(?), Ériu iv 94 § 11 . Of knowing sexually: nír forfáemusa mnaí atgnead fer, LU 10323 .

ad-guid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-guid or dil.ie/467

Forms: aicde, adguidhi, -aic[d]im, -aicde, ad-guid, ad-guidet, ad-guidter, -aic- [d]ither, ad-guiter, -aicditer, aicc, ciatgeis, adrogestar, -argesatar, -aiciste, adrogesta, atgaith, adrogatsa, adrogaid, adroegaid, adraeghaid, -urguid, -árgaid, atraegatar, atrogessa, aicde

v (*ad-(ath-?)-guid, Ped. ii 551 ). Palatal quality in pres. forms prob. due to the influence of the vn. aicde, see Thurn. Gramm. p. 355 . Indic. pres. 1 s. adguidhi, RC xvii 230.15 (Tig.). aicdiu (prot. for deut.), Bürgschaft 15 § 51 . -aic[d]im, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506, 35c). 2 s. -aicde, Bürgschaft 28 § 75 . 3 s. ad-guid, Laws v 272.8 . 3 pl. ad-guidet, Laws iv 346.17 Comm. Pass. sg. ad-guidter, O'C. 853 (H 3.18, 386b). -aic- [d]ither, ZCP xiii 22.8 . Pl. ad-guiter, -aicditer, ZCP xiii 22.16, 17 . Ipv. 2 s. aicc (see Thurn. Gramm. § 588 ), Laws ii 130.9 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ?ciatgeis, ZCP iii 37.33 . Pass. pl. (with ro) adrogestar, O'C. 2396 (Eg. 88, 31a). -argesatar, Laws v 366.1 . Subj. impf. pass. sg. -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . With ro: adrogesta, Laws iv 210.8 . Pret. 3 s. atgaith, Ériu ii 4.6 ? Perf. 1 s. adrogatsa, O'C. 876 (H 3.18, 393a). 3 s. adrogaid, AU i 368.18 . adroegaid (cf. ad-goa), LU 9810 . adraeghaid, Anecd. i 42.15 . -urguid (leg. -árgaid), Laws v 476.24 . 3 pl. atraegatar, Anecd. i 42.16 . Pass. pl. atrogessa, Anecd. i 42.18 .

Vn. aicde.

Used with 2 macc, naidm, 1 ráth as obj. in sense of invoking sureties or guarantees for the fulfilment of legal obligations: dlega[i]r do cach déorad dé saigid a nadma[e] amal ad-rog- esta[e] ind `for every exile of God is obliged to invoke their suretyship as though he himself had been invoked for it', Ériu xvii 66 § 7 ( Laws iv 210.8) . ní i n-aiccditer fir nime ┐ soscéla[e] Crist, ib. adrogatsa macu id gialli, O'C. 876 (H 3.18, p. 393a) `i.e. I bound pledges [binding myself] to thy service', Plummer MS. notes. fiach dleghar dim . . . ad-guidiu macu inna híc, Bürgschaft 17 § 53 . `aicdiu' ol in feichem dia ndligther I give a guarantee, 15 § 51 . cadet tri gnima nadma? . . . imc[h]- oimet neic[h] a n-aicdither, 13 § 43 . at-guidh in feichem ara-téit nadmen hi slan i.e. the debtor (on whose behalf the surety acts) invokes suretyship as a guarantee of compen- sation, 26 § 74 . aicc macu i n-ogslan co n-oghicc in[n]a raithe so furnish guarantees for complete compensation . . . of this surety, ib. atait tri nadmanda la feine nad roithead ní a n-aicaidter, Laws iv 56.26 . nit nadmanna na ratha adguid- ter ina dilsi, O'C. 1767 (RIA 23 Q 6, p. 36b). atait secht nadmand segta ce ni argesatar . . . Laws v 366.1 . lethnad- mann . . . nadmann són ad-guiter dond ala leth ┐ ni aicditer dind leith eli i.e. suretyships which are invoked by one side but not by the other, ZCP xiii 22.16 , Bürgschaft 10 § 27 , ZCP xv 366.11 . lethslan fir (leg. fair ?, ed.) .i. lethslan forsan mbidba[i]d, a lleth n-aill forsan flaith ad-guid in giall, Bürgschaft 77.26 . flaith atnuguid (leg. at-nguid, Bürgschaft 77 ), Laws ii 136.22 Comm. saigid feich a naicditar o mnai i.e. claiming a debt for which he has been invoked as surety, Laws v 308.18 . im coimet neich a naicdicher ar na tormastar nf fair , O'C. 58 (H 3.18, p. 21a). is tar folta adguidet armaic friu, 803 (H 3.18 p. 372a). ?ben adguid aitire De no duine i fomatu a cuirp (of a woman for whose violation a man is not fined), Laws v 272.8 ( O'Dav. 913 ) (`eine Frau, die die `aitire' Gottes (eines Geistlichen) oder eines Menschen erbittet unter Darbietung ihres Leibes', Bürgschaft 73 ). ?nocu naicim imm[f]oichid air imma scuicthib acht maine tistar fo dochor chunnartha, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506 fo. 35c). adguiter fír hOengasa (leg. nO.) . . . fris ┐ fir flatha na nDéisi `the pledge of O. and of the princes of the Déisi is requested as a guarantee for it', Ériu iii 140.170 . adraeghaid . . . Bran . . . ratha i n-ogh na saire seo, atraegatar na flaithi olchena airriu fadeisne . . . it é na ratha atrogesa sunn, Anecd. i 42.15 . conidh and do dechaidh Osraighi i n-dilsi fri leth Cuinn ┐ adrogaidh Mael- gualai ri Muman a dilsi, AU i 368.18 `it was there that O. was alienated to Leth Cuinn, (i.e. came into direct dependence on the king of Tara), and Mael Gualai king of Munster warranted this alienation (i.e. pledged himself to renounce all claims to overlordship)', Binchy Proc. First Intern. Congr. of Celt. Stud. p. 130 (1962). imroraid ni bad shairiu ara n-aiciste a chumachta that his power should be invoked, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . Note also: duli Dé adroegaid raith / tucsat dal bais forsin rig which he invoked as sureties(?), LU 9810 .

ad-opair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-opair or dil.ie/529

Forms: adopuir, a-tn-opuir, -udbair, -idbarat, adobarar, adoparar, adopar, -idparar, adopartar, adobartar, edbair, adoparthe, (m)ad-id-ipre, adoibertair, atopartha, ataopera, atob-opérat, athoperainn, atrópert, adopart, adrobart, adod- part, édbairt, adrobartat, opartat, adrópartadar, edbartatar, edbairset, adropred, atam- roipred, adoibriudh, atdopartha, edberthe, udbairti, idba(i)rt, a(i)dbr(a)id

v (*ad-uss-ber-, see Ped. ii 468 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. adopuir, Thes. ii 241.1 . a-tn-opuir, 253.6 (Stowe Miss.). ad-idn-opair, Ml. 66b4 . -udbair, Laws iii 52.8 . 3 pl. -idbarat, Wb. 1b20 . Pass. sg. adobarar, Wb. 10c3 . adoparar, 11b15 . See also atoibenar. adopar, Ml. 73a10 . -idparar, Wb. 5b6 . Pl. adopartar, Wb. 10c1 . adobartar, Ml. 60b17 . Ipv. 2 s. edbair, Trip.² 970 . Indic. impf. pass. sg. adoparthe, Wb. 15d20 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. (m)ad-id-ipre, Ériu vii 154 § 4 . Pass. pl. adoibertair, Anecd. i 42.9 . Subj. impf. 2 s. atopartha, ZCP v 498.20 . Fut. 3 s. ataopera, Trip.² 1585 . 3 pl. atob-opérat, Ériu ii 196 § 10 . Condit. 1 s. athoperainn, Trip.² 1886 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. atrópert, Thes. ii 238.12 . adopart, 239.6 ; 242.9 , .19 . adrobart, Ml. 32b23 ; Trip.² 1909 . adod- part, Mon. Tall. 134.2 (§ 19) . ro édbairt , Trip.² 385 . 3 pl. adrobartat (sic MS.), Ml. 14a16 . at opartat , Gael. 50, 123 ( Bláthm. 64 ). adrópartadar, Trip.² 2730 . ró edbartatar , 2660 . ro edbairset , 720 . Pass. sg. adropred, Wb. 15d20 . atam- roipred, Ml. 44c17 . adoibriudh, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii 132b). Pl. atdopartha, ZCP viii 173.z .

Part. edberthe, ZCP vii 484 ( Enchir. Aug. 84b ). Verbal of necess. udbairti, Laws iii 52.11 Comm. Vn. idba(i)rt. IGT Verbs § 46 . Later as simple vb. a(i)dbr(a)id (aud-, id-, ed-).

(a) offers up, sacrifices: a n-adobarar do ídlaib `what is offered to idols', Wb. 10c3 . dund idbairt adoparthe dar cenn peccati , 15d20 . adidnopair fessin du dia `who offers himself to God', Ml. 66b4 . cech ṅaudpairt adroipred, Fél. Ep. 346 . adropart Noe . . . / edpart uag uad don Comdid, SR 2617 . din tuaith ad-obart in n-ón `of the people who sacrificed the lamb', Ériu xviii 28 § 6 . cenél na pagan . . . atoboperat (odberad, atauiberaid, v.ll.) dia ndeeb fesne `who will offer you up', Ériu ii 196 § 10 (LB). dichain dichetal fair ┐ adod- pair do dēib īdal, Corm. Y 756 . atā nī as dēodo liom dīt .i. edpair edparta mōra, ZCP iii 227.16 . atrobarthar (edbarthar v.l.) cet[h]ra ┐ édperta lubaide lib-si forsna h-altorib, Alex. 950 . go n-iodhbraim . . . dheit / m'anamsa . . ., Aithd. D. 92.66 . Of setting aside for religious vocation: adropart dā maic dec ┐ dā ingin dec Deo, Rawl. 148a41 . dí óig . . . ró ed bartatar a n-óigi don Choimdid, Trip.² 2660 . ro baithes di ingen Ailella . . . ┐ rus n-edbair a n-athair du Día, 2168 . edhbrais é féin do Bhrenainn amhail manach ndileas, BNnÉ 85 § 174 .

(b) offers, grants, bequeaths: roédbairt Díchu do Pátraic in Saball, Trip.² 385 . dorairgert . . . mucc . . . cecha bliadnae do Pátraic ┐ is ed ón at[o]berar fos, 427 . atropartatar lánéraic a mbanchró do A., Cáin Ad. 29 . adopart si dó ind maigin imbui `she bestowed on him the spot where he was', Mon. Tall. 134.9 (§ 19) . ni udbair nech seilb acht mad ni do ruaicle, `nobody should grant land except such as he has purchased himself', Laws iii 52.8, 11 Comm. ní odoperar don eclais sin ni ructar diam neich ní, O'Don. 918 (H 3.17, 654 ) = adubenar . . . nech ní adoibriudh, 2189 (Nero A vii, 132 b). Cormac [mac] Diarmata roidpair Imblech n-Ech do Chomgall Bendchuir, Rawl. 122b7 . aidbret manchine a clann ┐ a cinél . . . do, BColm. 34 § 35 . audbrais dó a baile fora híc she offered him her stead for her salvation, Dinds. 36 . ( RC xv 424 ). is e fein roedbair in manestir . . . du Dia, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 .

? ad-ranna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ad-ranna or dil.ie/543

v (*ad-? *ath-?) distributes, apportions: ar adbud ar áne atronnai argart glan húa i cathair Conúaill .i. . . . ro ernáe gart glan, ACC 121 ( RC xx 400 ), Luscai la Macc cuilinn / cain decheng adrannai (: Glandai) `thou apportion-est(?) a fair couple', Fél. Sept. 6 . cretta fuidbechta fuaím talman triuin tormaid écnaithi adrainfet comarbae cumachta (rhetoric), LL 13862 . ? adba in ríg rí ad-ranna / fors ndáilte fín co finne, LL 3561 = adba ind rig. ríad rinde (rí adrindi, ri uasrenda, ri uarranda, ri uas rinni. ri uas roinde, righ os runda, ri co raindi v.ll.), Met. Dinds. i 30.44 . Ed. suggests reading rí ós Rinne king over Erin, v p. 125 . ? ad-rand (atrann, adhrann, adhrand, v.ll.) a theora ēigme ass Fing. R. 562 (LL 270 b 44) , JCS ii 254 . See also ad-annai.

ad-rig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-rig or dil.ie/549

Forms: adruig, adregar, adragar, -arragar, -áraghar, ad-riastar, adroeris, adracht, atrechtudur, arracht, -arrachta, árach, áirgid, áraigid

v (*ad-reg-, Ped. ii 592 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. adruig, O'D. 2222 (Nero A vii, 151a). Pass. sg. adregar, Laws iii 22.12 ; adragar, 14.11. -arragar, 2.2. -áraghar, Ériu xiii 13.23 . Subj. pres. pass. sg. ad-riastar, Laws iii 228.7 . ?Fut. 2 s. adroeris, Fél. Dec. 16 (see infra). Pret. and perf. 3 s. adracht, O'C. 756 (H 3.18, 358a). 3 pl. atrechtudur, Laws i 22.z Comm. Pass. sg. ro arracht , Laws ii 78.25 Comm. Pass. pl. -arrachta, Laws iii 26.28 .

Vn. árach.

Later as simple vb. áirgid, áraigid.

(a) binds (in physical sense): acht bid o lias no airbe adriastar a laeg, Laws iii 228.7 . adragar don nomad cleith on dorus, O'C. 564 (H 3.18, p. 281). in gaid airgither . . . don crand, O'D. 568 (H 3.17, col. 440). ma ro airge he . . . is cu ced cintach dligach hi . . . munar hargi . . . is cú céd cintach inndhlithach hi, O'C. 2505 (Eg. 88, 41a). in ti ro airgestar he don crand crin cuachda, Laws iii 416.26 Comm. coro airgiset (araigset, choraigset v.l.) a n-eocho dergae do dorus in tige (with gloss .i. corcengailset,) BDD § 37 = áirgiset, BDD² 342 . Fig. airdugdu[i]r in tSencusa (i.e. Senchus Már) . . . atrechtudur suainemain filidechta fou who bound a thread of poetry round it, Laws i 22.z Comm. buaid find Ualentini / co cléir cháin atróiriss (atroiruis, atroris, atroirius, adroeris (.i. tarrais), atroeroiss, atreris, atroeris v.l.) `with a fair train thou wilt tie him' (but perh. difft. vb.), Fél. Dec. 16 .

(b) binds (legally): adragar cach fria techta .i. airgitir cach fria dliged fein everybody is bound to what is legally right for him, Laws iii 14.11, 17 Comm. laich ┐ laichcesa ┐ aes tuaithe adragar fri flaith, .i. airigther iat fo dliged na flatha, 14.28, 16.3 Comm. lanlog einiuch don fir isa faithe ma ro arracht [in athgabail] fris, ii 78.25 Comm. cid fris naragar aithgabail cuicthi in dul is gnathu do gres oldas cach athgabail, i 250.15 .i cid frisi nargither ana cuicti for in athgabail, 252.1 Comm. (cf. fris-áraig). ?cid i n-agar (aragar v.l.) breithemnus berla Feini . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, v 2.1 . dirithe cach dia flaith . . . do neoch adregar doib, iii 26.4 .i. do neoch airgither do dleisin doib, 8 Comm. adregar, inomblegar (sic leg.), fegar, asrenar cach ndliged do neimtib, iii 22.12 adregar .i. forin cintach, z Comm. arachta (?adracht) cach racht isa sund co n-arrachta in da recht, 26.28 . airgidh leat so ┐ ro bia so tar eisi, v 188.19 Comm. ar ni [a]ragar neach tar a cumang .i. uair noco n-oircther nech, 466. y , 470.22 Comm. co harragar a coraib bel? how are verbal contracts made legally binding? iii 2.2 .i. cindus airgithir, 5 Comm. óenchairde fon Eilg n-áragar one peace- treaty is established throughout Ireland, Ériu xiii 13.22 ( O'Dav. 768 ). is orrasin rosaraigh A. gan chlannugad fria a cheli those are the people whom A. bound not to intermarry, Fen. 390.8 . Perh. also: atomriug . . . niurt trén togairm trindóit, Thes. ii 354.24 (`I arise', see at-reig). Cf. ar-rig. See now Binchy Ériu xx 232 ff.

ad-slig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-slig or dil.ie/575

Forms: adslig, adsléi, aslacht, aslaigid, faslaigid, aslach

v (*ad-slig-, Ped. ii 631 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. adslig, Wb. 14d27 . Subj. pres. 3 s. adsléi, 20b2 . Perf. 3 s. ro aslacht , SR 1404 . Later as simple vb. aslaigid, faslaigid. Vn. aslach.

Tempts, entreats, urges, tries to induce. Usually with FOR and follg. verbal phrase: ciadsléi nech fuirib `though anyone tempt you', Wb. 20b2 . where the sense is to be completed by the Lat. ueritati non obaedire. ró aslacht foraib ainmne do dénum entreated them to be patient, Trip.² 2790 . is si ro aslaig fair combad he bad reilic adnacthi dó, LU 4109 . is me roaslaig for Adam . . . in imarbus ┐ for Cain Aibel do marbad, Fél. 74.26 . noaslaicfind for ind ríg na dernai olc fritt I would persuade the king not to harm you, Anecd. iii 74.13 . is ed ro-aslaigset Barabás do anocul ┐ Ísu do crochad this is what they urged, to release B. and crucify Jesus, PH 3272 . co roaslaighset for A. . . . techt do thóchuiriudh Achíl, TTr.² 1451 . ro fhaslaig ar áis ┐ ar écin fors in uile chinead . . . a adrad amal Dia, LB 235a17 . nacha nfasluighiunn dlighedh ar duine `the law does not require of a man', Laws ii 222.23 Comm. Note also: ro aslaigh iad im chomhalladh in ro geallsat, FM v 1872.23 . do asluigheadar . . . cead suaimhnis dóib féin, Maguires of F. § 66 . co ro faslaiged gradh Aenias i cridhi Didaine `and instil love of A. in the heart of D.' Aen. 386 . roaslaighsium . . . gorta for a muintir we have brought down famine on his people, CCath. 4587 . roaslaig mōr n-uar / isin mBrosnaig bāin `he endured much cold', BColm. 16.23 .

ad-suidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-suidi or dil.ie/579

Forms: atsuidhim, adsudi, a-t- suidi, a-ta-suidi, -asstai, ad-suidet, ad-suiter, ad-dom- suiter, -astaider, ad-suidetar, adsuighidter, -astaiter, asta, -astad, adsode, a-ta-sode, -astae, -asta, -astat, roastar, -astatais, -astaib- ther, adrosoid, atrosoid, adsaidh, adrodad, -asta, roasta, astide, astaithi, astad, fastód, astaid, fastaid, fostaid, astaigid, fostaigid, fastóid, -astád

v (*ad-suid-, Ped. ii 637 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atsuidhim, O'C. 1066 ( H. 3.18, 440b ). 2 s. adsudi, Ml. 114c6 . 3 s. a-t- suidi, Sg. 66a20 . a-ta-suidi, 64b3 . -asstai, Ml. 114a19 . 3 pl. ad-suidet, Sg. 4b15 . Pass. sg. ad-suiter. Ml. 68d5 . ad-dom- suiter, Thes. ii 3.33 . -astaider, Sg. 3a4 . Pl. ad-suidetar, ZCP xiii 22.11 . adsuighidter, Laws iv 142.z Comm. 144.2 Comm. -astaiter, i 30.27 . Ipv. 2 s. asta, LU 2983 . 3 s. -astad, Wb. 10d7 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adsode, Wb. 10a9 . a-ta-sode, 10 . -astae, Ml. 55a19 . 3 s. -asta, Ml. 126a6 . 3 pl. -astat, Wb. 29a16 . Pass. sg. with ro: mad roastar , Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -astatais, Laws iii 2.2 . Fut. Pass. s. -astaib- ther, Laws i 192.4 Comm. Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrosoid, Ml. 97d16 . atrosoid, 39a16 . adsaidh, O'C. 469 ( H. 3.18, 246 ). Pass. sg. adrodad, Laws i 52.3 . = atroadh, O'D. 19 ( H. 3.17, col. 397 = CIH iv 1897.11 , Contract Law 222 ). Pl. -asta, Lism. L. 2514 . roasta, LL 22122 . Part. astide gl. adpensum, Ml. 20a22 . Vbl. of necess. astaithi, Laws v 286.11 Comm. Vn. astad, fastód.

Later as simple vb. astaid, fastaid, fostaid. Also astaigid (fastaigid, fostaigid). Cf. fostaid, fostaigid. Occas. with long vowel in second syll.: fastóid, LU 2109 . -astád, TTr.² 1141 (see under fostaid). IGT Verbs § 64 , § 80, 106 . See also assoith.

(a) stops, holds back, detains, hinders: nach nastad in cretmech `let the believer not detain him', Wb. 10a7 . ci atasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', 10a10 . atrosoid gl. (se mali uicisitudine) suspenderit, Ml. 39a16 . ni astaider ┐ ni timmorcar fri slond nintliuchta gl. quae a nullo affectu mentis proficiscitur, Sg. 3a4 . atomsuide serc Dé, IT iii 51 § 95 . adrodad fri less na túad / isin port co bráth it has been detained for the good of the people, Trip.² 786 . asta dinetan fort cind stop a little while, LU 2983 . timchellaid . . . múr . . . ┐ fastóid (astaid, v.l.) anmand inna pectach, LU 2109 ( FA 17 ). coro asta na heonu cen togairad C. so that the birds were prevented from calling to C., LL 22122 . im amus ceneoil do denam de dus i n-astaibther no tuilithe do radh ris to know whether he will be kept or be regarded as an interloper, Laws i 192.4 Comm. dia mbed da clad íme . . . adsuitear leo `he is restrained by them', iv 158.3 Comm. . . . eoin ┐ énluithe Leithi Mogha do thiachtain cuigi isin crainnsin co n-asta uile acasom, Lism. L. 2514 . o samain co medón erraig ro hast ind imguin ultu, RC vi 188.15 . astaid da n-ag dibh he seizes two deer, v 200 § 12 . mad roastar cach mil díb i mbethu lasin merlech if each of these animals be detained alive, Ériu vii 154 § 3 .

(b) Legal fixes, makes permanent or legal, binds, establishes: ni astat nadmann in diupairt bonds do not bind such a fraud- ulent arrangement, ZCP xiii 22.29 ( Bürgschaft 10 ). cenisnasta naidm na raith adasuidhe dliged law establishes them, 24.1 (§ 39). astud cáich hi coruib bel, ar ro buí in biuth i mbailiuth mani astaitis cuir bél if verbal contracts were not binding, ZCP xvi 176 § 6 ( Laws i 40.24 ). man[i] astat cuir bel . . . cia beth dono cuir bel and adsuidet adi, Laws ii 130.2 Comm. atsuiter cuir bél la Feine amuil ad-rodad Adam ina derbdu- bairt: at-bath in biuth uile ar aenuball `as Adam was bound by his deception' (i.e. the Fall was considered as a contract whereby Adam exchanged the immortality of man for an apple), ZCP xvi 177 § 13 . fosuid cach aititiu adsuidet folaid, Laws iii 10.8 . cona ndilsi feibh as dech atsaitar (no atsuitar) dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . atait .x. nailche annscuichthecha atsuidet cach ndilsi, O'C. 416b ( H. 3.18, 229a ). ?adsuighe crích cadesin . . . ar id comarda criche insin that defines a `crích', Laws iv 142.24 . With FRI and FOR: it e trénailche in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betha for those are the strong rocks to which the judgements of the world are bound fast (i.e. which support the law), ZCP xvi 175 § 1 ( Laws i 30.27 ). nī nī nach breth berar . . . nad fri hapstal n-uasal n-astaigther (nascaider v.l.) i.e. no judgement is effective unless a holy apostle guarantees it(?), Corm. Y 1224 ( Anecd. iv 106.19 ). adsuidetar tra frisna [na]dmann so ┐ ni diuprat, is de ata adsuidet naidmann ┐ ni diuprat they are held binding (as valid) by these `naidms' but the latter do not guarantee fraud; therefore it is said `naidms' bind but do not cheat, ZCP xiii 22.11 ( Bürgschaft 9 § 25 ). is misech maine astaithur fri som(m)uine n-aircendcha he is entitled to do this when he is not bound by dues already given, ZCP xv 248 § 6 ( Laws ii 210.15 ). Cf. also: at-chíu a chlaideb . . . ina intiuch . . . conid fri crúaid n-aurrdric n-aister, BDD² 1037 . ni asta rudrad rugnassa . . . manab for ailchib udhpart astaiter, O'C. 2471 (Eg. 88, 38a2). nach breath nad astaiter fors nach aei (i.e. on `fír' and `dliged'), Laws v 10.4 . Note also: atasuidi for sobus íar córus fine `he holds them (viz. the aforesaid dependents) fast to good conduct (i.e. he must see that they fulfil their legal duties)', Críth Gabl. 341 and note. adsuide fis .i. dia festar for nech olc do denamh adsuidhe fiacha(ib) fair it makes him liable to fines, O'C. 483 ( H. 3.18, p. 251 ). cia met i n-astaither cach dib `to what extent each of them is confirmed in his rights', Laws iv 344.8 . Note also: mani astat in da recht peccad foir unless the two laws convict him of sin, Wb. 29a16 . With IN-: atsuidi neutur isnaib anmannaib in es a n-accomol fri neutur i n-immognom `their connexion with a neuter in construction establishes the neuter in the nouns in -es', Sg. 66a20 .

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