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foirenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foirenn or dil.ie/22968

 

Forms: fairenn, fuirenn, foireann, foirinn, -enn, foirin, foirneadh, foirne, fairne

n ā, f. also fairenn, fuirenn (on etym. see Pokorny, KZ xlv 360 ). foireann, IGT, Decl. § 54 . n s. ind foirinn (rectius -enn) Ml. 33a8 . a s. frisin foirin sin, Wb. 24a24 . late g p. foirneadh, Content. XXIX 20 . cf. gredun na ndaine ┐ forned na long, Aen. 180 .

(a) an indefinite number of persons loosely grouped together by some common characteristic or merely for convenience, a set, group, category ; often takes the place of the indef. pron. pl. (Engl. some, W. rhai), folld. by a defining rel. clause, gen. or partitive DE ; generally with vb. in pl. Gl. factio Ml. 33a8 . is í .. fairend diar bo chumuc these are those to whom [the path] was narrow LU 2159 ( FA 23 ). fairend ... dogníat trócaire, LU 2194 ( FA 27 ). in foirend trá ropo chundla (= multi quibus erat mens sanior) Lat. Lives 88 . ro indarb ... in fairend na cennaigitis na maine PH 4521 . amail is áil leind dilgad dúin on fhoirind rothoccráidsem ... doberam-ne dilgud don fhoirind ron-toccráid 5823 . ar daig na foirne cretfit bi Crist, 1279 . fairenn cach ildana, Ériu iv 163.14 . cor marbad f.¤ mór dib a large number RC xviii 161.26 (Tig.). issed armit fairend conid, etc. some relate that LU 9829 . issed armit fairend aile others relate 7043 ( BDD 69 ). asberat tra fairind do sesib na trachture, Hib. Min. 11.379 . is lór la fairind some think it sufficient Mon. Tall. § 23 . iar foirinn according to some (authorities) RC vi 175.49 . LU 54 (common formula). f.¤... f.¤... some ... others: foirind dib a[c] cor a fotha, foirind ic ordugud cloch, Aen. 304 . rogabsadur ... ac cosaint .i. drem dibh le gainnibh ... ┐ foirind ele le clochuibh ... ┐ furinn ele re slegaibh, ZCP vi 46.28 . dá chend for indala forind díb, a trí lásin forind ele (of snakes) Alex. 718 . Rarely in pl.: is lor la foirne there are many who deem it sufficient LB 10b8 ( Rule of Tallaght p. 70 ).

(b) in more restricted sense a band, troop, company: mórais Fiadat fairinn `magnified the Lord's company' Fél. Aug. 18 . srethad fairne `arranging a troop' RC xxvi 24 § 73 (glossed .i. ... srethugud a dáme, LL 187a43 ). Eo Rosa ... fó foirne chief of a band (?) LL 200a3 (= Dinds. 160 `the good of a crew'). marbais cet fer dia fairind, Ériu ii 24 § 7 . ni bai forand no sochraidi acht gillandrad, Cog. 66.15 . go bhfuirinn laoch, Keat. ii 4342 . pl. fairne fían fortrén, SR 7198 . forne forúallcha na fene, Fianaig. 64.5 . gur bhrúcht sí [viz. an Ḟraingc] foirne uaithe d'áitiughadh críoch oile, Keat. ii 927 . oc flaithib Fáil na fairenn, Ériu iv 98 § 28 . mar bheith cruit le fuireann téad harpers (cf. aes tét, clíar tét ; d'aos dána,d'aos téad ..., Éigse ii 9 ) Oss. vi 82 . Crew (of a ship) : foirend aen-ethair, Acall. 4742 . foirionn na mbád, Fl. Earls 8.11 . adubairt risin furinn in long do deisiugudh, ZCP vi 51.11 . donti atchí in luing ... cona foirinn, O'Dav. 959 . Of inhabitants of a place, country, etc. ; má atá ... go moltar an fonn leis gach stáraidhe dá scríobhann ar Éirinn, díommoltar an ḟoireann leis gach nuaGhallstáraidhe ..., Keat. i p. 76 . ré fuirinn chathrach Ninive, TSh. 8375 . iar ndíbirt na seanḟoirne aiste (= ejectis veteribus colonis) Keat. ii 6206 . foireann chalaidh shore troop i.e. inhabitants (?) TD 9.3 . contr. with f.¤ allmhurdha, L. Cl. A. B. 130 .

(c) a set of chessmen, etc. : ind fhuirend boí for sin chlár TBFr. § 8 ( LL 249a11 ). leth a foirne d'ór buide, LU 1105 ( ACC 115 ) = a fairni, RC xx 282 . foirni finna a ḟidchellaib BB 280b10 = fóirni cona f.¤ , Leb. Cert. 242.2 . d'fhuirinn an bhrannaimh, TSh. 853 . ar fhearaibh foirne an bhrannaimh, 854 . rí na foirne, 855 .Cf. foirnech. Here probably : sleacht Bloid ... gá branáin foirneadh as ḟearr ?, Content. xxix 20 .

(e) rarely of other things : anuas do sóigh ... cnuas mar ḟoirinn óir d'abhaill, Gofraidh Fionn, DDána 99 § 20 .

lánamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lánamain or dil.ie/29545
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lanomain, lanamnai, lánamnai, lánamna, lanamnai, lánamna[i, lanmhona, lánamnae, lánómnaib, lánamha

n ī, f. (lán + emon, Thurn., Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 4 ). n s. ind l.¤ , LU 5403 . 6060 . O'Mulc. 132. lanomain, Fél. Mar. 24. Corm. Y 824. a s. lanamnai, LU 11017 (= lánamni, Imr. Brain 53.10 ). lánamnai, LU 11021 (ibid. Imr. Brain 53.14 ). g s. lánamna (leg. -a[e]?), Críth G. 411. n pl. lanamnai, Auraic. 1853. lánamna[i, Críth G. 334. lanmhona, BB 18b16 prob. for lanomna. g pl. lánamnae, Críth G. 384 . lánamna[e], 399 . d pl. lánómnaib, LB 173a40 . Later with a d s. -ain, g s. -amna. IGT Decl. § 10 . Also lánamha (n-stem), § 9 .

(a) of persons married couple : lanamuin .i. lan homo .i. plenus homo duine comlán .i. fer ┐ ben no lanomuin .i. quasi lenamuin ar ni fil etarscarad doib acht ar Día, O'Dav. 1189a = O'D. 297 ( H 3.17, 233 ). lānomain .i. lān-somain ō c[h]ach dīb dia chēlei, ar is lethsomain nechtar de sech araile, Corm. Y 824 . lotar . . . co Ailill ┐ co Meidb, ar rofetatar issí lanamain ro ḟailsad, IT i 77.1 . (Lg.). mac lanamhna nemcholaidhe, Ériu iii 154.31 . di cach lanamain dligthig, BCrólige 3 . itir ín lanamhaín `between the married couple', Laws iv 210.15 Comm . roḟaietur in l.¤ sin ar feis leaptha ┐ láimhdheraighthi, Acall. 820 . cóig lánamna déc gacha bairce, CS 10.11 . imdha l.¤ san luing / ó áladhaib in ubaill, IGT Decl. ex. 325 . in úair do loigh lánamha, IGT Decl. ex. 312 . a lepthaib na lánamhnaib, 321 . is amhlaid batur in lanamhain sin i coibligi dlighthigh `cum uxore sua in legitimo matrimonio', Lat. Lives 101.2 . lánamhna is ógha is feadhbha, DDána 29.35 . fā maith sēn ┐ soladh na lānamna sin, ML² 603 . mo bruig, mo lánamuin wedded state, ZCP xii 273.1 . Of lovers: ansait ind l.¤ fo deóid (of Medb and Fergus), LU 5403 . co comarnic ind lánamuin, Fing. R. 371 . is mellach lim ind l.¤ ucut, LU 6060 ( TBC-I¹ 1587 ). Of two saints: án lanomain lígach, Fél. Mar. 24. Cf. is tre fír flathemon tra libarna lána lanamna ban, ZCP xi 89 § 14.

Legal: cáin lánamnae law of relationships between couples, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law i § 1 . The married couple is the chief subject of Cáin Lánamnae, though other pairings are also referred to: cis lir lanamna do cuisin la Feine? . . . a ocht: flaith fri aicillne, eclais fria manchu, athair fria ingin, . . . fer fria bein, § 2. Of numbers of persons attending men of different ranks on circuit: deich lánamna[i] a chórus for coí ó challainn co hinit, Críth G. 334.

(b) Other applications. Of animals: lanamain cach oenmil / . . . sluag mór dolanamnaib (of pairs of animals in the Ark), SR 2504 - 6 . lanamain cacha fiadmil[a], ZCP i 459.2 . lanamain gach fiadha, Acall. 7371. Of body and soul: ar clíne crád an anma / nár líne na lánamhna, IGT Decl. ex. 314 . Of corresponding pieces of chess-set: fidchell C. / . . . oenfer dia fairinn namma / do-scicher (dos-crenand v.l.) secht lánamna, RC xx 282.12 (i.e. one single piece was worth seven pairs from any other set; `seven couples (of slaves)' Stokes) = LU 1108 . díoth Gall leis 'gan lánamhain / a lann 's a cheis chróirighin lance and spear, Aithd. D. 20.7 . In linguistic terminology, in the phr. lánamain deime the pairs of a neuter, i.e. two non-neuter nouns which are associated with a neuter noun: it é sin na deme thepide ┐ na lánamna demi ┐ a ngeni-side 'these are the derived neuters and the pairs of a neuter and their derivations', Auraic.² 49 § 3.14 . suil ┐ fiacail lanamain in chind. srebann ┐cru lanamain ... in cridi, Auraic. 1808 . a lanamna demi, Auraic. 5079 (trefhocul) . See Authorities and Adaptations 43-51 .

2 nó, noe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 nó, noe or dil.ie/33205

 

Forms: nau, naue, noa, noib, noe, nae, noí, noi, naoi, nau

n ā, f. (in O.Ir. a w-st., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 93 ). O.Ir. n s. nau tholl, Thes. ii 294.27 ( SP iv 1 ). g s. naue, 272.8 (Adamnán). noe, Sg. 69a24 , 132b1 . a d s. (Mid.Ir.) noí. n p. noa, Ml. 67d23 . d p. noib, 122a3 .

In Mid.Ir. the n s. is variously written (see exx. below); the forms noe, nae point to pronunciation noí. Occas. treated as a d-stem. Early obsolete, surviving in compds. in later Mid.Ir.

A boat (generally a small one, propelled by oars):

(a) filius navis . . . scoticâ vero linguâ Mac Naue, Thes. ii 272.8 (of Colum Cille's maternal grandfather); cf. ingen Díma maic Noee, LB 31a55 (of his mother) = Dimai meic Naei, Lism. L. 810 . sain écosc noe a peculiar species of boat (gl. celox), Sg. 69a24 . nai a naue [ = Lat. nave] dicitur, Corm. Y 985. noe co lin seasa a boat with a number of benches, Laws v 474.10 . fo imrim noe no leasdair, 474.8 . oin nae for muir the loan of a boat, 278.3 . long fri huath . . . no fri muin, Auraic. 6134 (name of the letter m in `Ogam n-eathrach'). loiscter in nóu, Lism. L. 4303 . lá ina tinnscanad nae, RC ix 458.21 . a d s: co mboí isind noi . . . .i. isin churuch, LU 10055. cimbith quasi cimba [ = Lat. cymba] .i. on noi oen-ṡeiched, Corm. Y 229 , cf. O'Mulc. 225 and see Ériu xi 97. a noi niamduinn tar ler londruadh, Anecd. i 52 § 19 (naoi v.l.). marbhan i nnoi a corpse in a boat, AFM i 272.4 (poem), see Bruchst. i § 96 . in naoi , Lism. L. 4298 (a s.).

(b) coro laad i nnoid oenṡeched for muir é, LL 22b28 . issind noid credumai, 168b6 = isin naid, BB 374a6 . intí ga rabus bádud . . . is slan dō ge no deachsat fora ech no 'na noid, H 2.15A p. 46b ( O'D. 1187 ). asa naoed, ib. fer na noad . . . fer na noededh . . . fer na noedhe, ib. ( O'D. 1188 ) = f. na naeead, Rawl. B 506 f. 61d ( O'D. 2453 ).

pl.

(a) imdi noa occai, gl. navium potens, Ml. 67d23 . ? mebdatar a nnói, ZCP viii 313.35 . lēgiss cairptiu, carais noö he forsook chariots, he loved boats (i.e. became a pilgrim across seas), 198 § 19 (of Colum C.). ra batar . . . ina nóib fora n-iarraid, LL 232a18 .

(b) co mbetís nóthe ┐ longa ┐ lestair erlama léo, TTr.² 568. conacutar . . . nóethi beca cruinde . . . for in sruth, Alex. 689. is amlaid tangadur gan eathra gan naethe, BB 32a32 ( Ériu viii 25 n. 1 ). tarclam lucht .iii. noad do techt tar muir, Dinds. 5 ( RC xv 294.4 ). luid trí nóithib, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.13 .

Compds. ¤airchinnech: d s. dund nau-eirchinniuch, gl. naviclero, Thes. i 498.21 ( Ardm. 188b1 ). ¤coblach a fleet of boats: nocoblach mar di Gentibh oc Loch D., AU 913 (i 428.13) . for fairinn nochoblaigh, 912 (i 426.10) . coimhleang nóchobhlaigh for Loch Ribh, AFM ii 622.4 . ¤combádud shipwreck: is e foroerlangair in noecombádad fo thrí (of St. Paul), PH 1654 , cf. 1660 . nochombadud, 7043 . co facadur in naoi for nóchombáthad, Lism. L. 4298 . nocombadadh, CCath. 793 v.l.

See noedin.

tomthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tomthach or dil.ie/41376
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o, ā (tomad) threatening: snáidsiunn degrí t.¤ (gl. tomaithmech), Thes. ii 304.38 . dadotḟail fo dein toimdig imbithphein imbithdorchib, SR 1747 . dia fairinn in t.¤ tra | Ailill molbthach Miltengga, Rawl. 156b15 . dighlach tomtach trénbrondach, O'D. 212 ( Nero A vii 146b ). Temhair t.¤ lí, AFM ii 654.1 .

úasal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úasal or dil.ie/42796
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ūassal, uasal, huasil, huasail, úaisliu, húaisliu, huaisliu, huaislimem, uasal, huaisle, huaisli, uasalathair, úasalathraig, huasalfichire, huasalgabáltaid, huasallieig, huasalsacart, huasalterchomrictid

(in pl. as -i- stem) adj. and subst.

adj I o-ā high, lofty ; metaph. noble, honourable : ūassal .i. ūassa fil, Corm. Y 1276 . uasal .i. oirrdric, Lec. Gl. 23 . altus .i. uasal a laidin sin, 235 . is ind athig huasil .i. moir (gl. sublime) `in a high wind,' Ml. 57c12 . huasil (gl. summa), 56a10 . huasail (gl. summates), Sg. 200b2 . frisna duli huaisli `to the high elements,' Ml. 55d8 . Of persons : Germán martir úasal, Fél. Feb. 4 . ri huasal, SR 565.832 . slúag Euagair úasail, Fél. Apr. 3 . athair Iohain uasail Babtaist, SR 7458 . fri hapstal n-ūasal, Corm. Y 1224 . ar in flaithius suthain na da apstal uasli, PH 1627 . Of places : ós Egeipt uasail, SR. 3380 . Ri rothidnacht do chlainn Chaim | in n-Affraic n-uasail, 2658 . Mellán Inse húasle, Fél. Feb. 7 . frisrócaib nem ṅ-uasal he ascended to high heaven, Oct. 24 . Of things : etha aird osil of tall noble corn, AM 73.19 . ind arc huasal, SR 4905 . batar i cachtaib ... | fo smachtaib huaislib Ioséiph, 3162 . Of jewels : le a chloich n-uasoil, `with his precious stone,' TD 22a40 . atáid soimhianuighthe tar ór ┐ tar chlochaibh uaisle, TSh. 10684 . ináid na clocha ūaisle, Proverbs iii 15 . Metaph. : genfedit teora gemma uaisle ... uaib, Trip. 462.16 . Of a tale : atá sgéal uasal eile | agam ar an aithreighe, A. Ó Dálaigh li 13 .

Contr. with ísel : sírid in rindide ṅ-uile ó hisul co huasal, BCr. 33d3 . d'eidirdeliughadh onóra gach aoin ... otha íseal go hu.¤ , AFM i 44.1 . o a fomhámaighthibh o tha u.¤ co híseal, 116y . o u.¤, o isal, Ir. Lit. 14.22 . bid ú.¤ cid ísel, Tec. Corm. § 31.30 . d'fhearaibh Uladh idir íseal agus u.¤ , ITS xxiv 136.28 . ní bfhuilid siad ísiol ná u.¤ (of decayed nobility, PCT 901 . Lordly, haughty (?) : do bhí sé uasal d'uaislibh fíre, do bhí re a thaoibh sin d'íslibh íseal, Keat. Poems 771 . Generous (?) : Ua Ruairc do b'u.¤ le deóruidhibh `who behaved nobly to,' O'Rah. xxii 46 .

Compar. : bad úaisliu cách lialaile oldaas fessin, Wb. 23c15 . is úaisliu cach céitbuid córe, 24b4 . úaisliu són, 19d21 . do eim ... in clī innī besid nīsle, do emar som ōnni besad n-ūaisliu, Corm. Y 275 . uaisliu doib Dia, SR 5852 . húaisliu (gl. eminentior), BCr. 33d9 . is huaisliu cech duil a ndaratad don doinacht `is above every creature,' Ml. 25a1 . it huaisliu cách `Thou art higher than all,' 108d2 (gl. transcendis). at huaisliu oldate nime (gl. celsiorem) 126c9 . is huaisliu a folud saidi ... oldatae in doini `nobler,' 112b20 . huaisliu (gl. sublimior), 32a15 . (gl. sublimioribus) 116a10 . (gl. superior) 71b13 ; (gl. superioris), 32a17 ; (gl. superiore), 49a21 ; (gl. superiores), 113c9 . uasliu cech rád `nobler than any saying,' Ériu ix 46 § 13 ( LL 147b26 ). uaisliu in cend innāit na buill, 48 § 24 . uaisli lē a clann re Cathlán, Irish Texts ii 3 § 15 . is ro uáisle na ór, 1 Peter i 7 . Adv. : indhuaisliu oldáte cedair leuain `more loftily than,' Ml. 48c21 .

Superl. : huare it hé ata huáislem ánd, Ml. 116a11 . huaislimem (gl. altissimum), 28d14 . huaislium rígaib rígda gein, | rí rogenair i mBetheil, SR 7521 . gnim as úaisliu, Fél. Oct. 23 . a Christ as uaisliu, ib. Ep. 319 . is siad féin is uaisle d'ḟuil, TD 17.21 .

n II Subst.

(a) a lofty place : dind .i. cnoc nó uasal nó aibind, Lec. Gl. 83 . is bennachda in t-íí tanic chucaind i n-anmaim in Choimded, ┐ no-n-slanaig is-na huaislib, PH 4386 . Gloir do Dia is-na huaislib `Gloria in excelsis Deo', 4788 . Of incense : ... uair athascnaid a de-side ... i n-uaislib nime, 7020 .

(b) a noble : uasal d'aibigh ó ríghthibh é, O'Rah. xi 17 . fem. an uasal mhaordha, xxxiv 110 . nách raibhe R. acht 'na uasal `a [private] gentleman,' AFM v 1726.16 . pl. na huaisle , TSh. 71 . uaisli ocus ard-mhaithi Erenn, MR 140.3 . droṅg d. d'arbrib aṅgel | na n-uasal, na n-archaṅgel, SR 792 . drong d'uaislibh F., AFM ii 1022.13 . colcaid ... .i. coimēd cādusa ī, ar is la hūaislib bīs, Corm. Y 341 . mó do sceile ég an ḟir | iná céd eili d'úaislib, IGT, Decl. ex. 60 .

See also u.¤ ┐ ísel, above under I.

As npr. f. : Uasal oen-gel, ben Ḟaelain, Metr. Dinds. iv 342.31 . U.¤ ingen Subni, v 144 ( LL 169b marg. inf. ). mors hUaisle filiae Suibni, AU 642 =bass Uasle, etc., RC xvii 186 (Tig.).

(c) Of things : inna huaisli (gl. summa), Ml. 48b7 . is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna n-ísel, 40c20 .

Compds. : úasal-athair m. a patriarch : uasalathair (gl. patriarcha), Ir. Gl. 13 . is Cathair is uasalathair do ṡaerclannaib Lagen ` ancestor ,' RC xx 418.3 . pl. úasalathraig ┐ fáde, LU 1990 ( FA 6 ). Húasalathraig, fáithi, Fél. Ep. 13 . drong fáithe ..., proféta ..., uasalathraig guidme, ib. 243 . i n-ernaigthib hūasalathrach, Thes. ii 355.8 . i n-oentaid úasalathrach, LU 2489 . dilig dam cach cin romgab | ar fairinn na n-húasalathar, SR 7812 . a Isu ... a chrid-serc uasal-aithrech, Ir. Lit. 40.8 ( ¤athrach v.l.). adhnacal inna n-uasalaithrech .i. Adhamh ┐ Abraham ┐ Iacop, Maund. 51 . a cosmailecht cheneoil ... na n-uasalaithrech, MR 116.7 . do húasalathrachaib et fáthib et apstalib, Wb. 30d1 . ¤bráthair noble kinsman : o aimsir bhar n-uasal-brathar, MR 126.14 . ¤chaín gentle and noble : airdrigan uasalchain, Ériu v 146.16 . ¤dechon m. an archdeacon : Trip. 104.25 . ¤eclais : go huasail-eclais S. Iulio `great church,' Fl. Earls 132y . ¤espoc : Cellach comurba Padraic, uasaleaspoc Erenn, RC xviii 52.4 . ¤fích : cusin (n-ua)sal(fích) (gl. ad Areopagum Acts xvii 19 ), Thes. i 497 ( Ardm. 182a2 ). ¤fíchire : huasalfichire (gl. Areopagita, Acts xvii 34 ), Thes. i 497 ( Ardm. 182b2 ). ¤gabáltaid `high-holder' : huasalgabáltaid (gl. arquitenens), Sg. 24a9 . ¤grád high orders : nach epscop dobeir ūasalgrada for nech nā bí tūalaing [a] n-airberta, Ériu i 218 § 3 . Rule of Tallaght § 59 . toitim fo uasal-grad, § 38 . ¤inntlechtach : ier n-a gabāil go glic uassail-inntlechtach (of a besieged city), `with ability' Fl. Earls 30.23 . ¤lieig : huasallieig principal physician (gl. archiater), BCr. 35a1 . ¤martīr : mar uassal-martīr, Fl. Earls 206y . ¤mór noble and great : Almu uassalmór, Acall. 3365 . ¤nóemtha : an sēpēl uassal-naomhtha, Fl. Earls 146.13 . ¤peinntélad : ierna uassal-peinntēladh nobly painted , 178.3 . ¤sacart archpriest, high priest : huasalsacart he, Trip. 8.5 . Calpuirnd ainm a athar .i. uasalsacart, ACL iii 8 § 3 . Arón ... | ba huasalsacart húasaib, SR 4910 . a chethri maicc ... | Aron ind huasalsacairt, 4902 . a uasalsagairt na huile dul ( O High-priest of all creation ), Ir. Lit. 2.30 . ¤terchomrictid ruler of a synagogue : huasalterchomrictid (gl. archisynagogus) Thes. i 497 . ¤techtaire chief messenger : ind Archaiṅgil ... | ithé na uasaltechtaire, SR 692 . ¤toirrchess : gur glacus ... in t-uassal-toirrchess, Fl. Earls 116.16 . ¤tres a noble battle MR 94.12 .