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folt, falt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folt, falt or dil.ie/23166
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: folt, falt, folt, fult, fultu, fulta, f., fuilt, foltscailte, foltgala

n o, m. n a s. folt, LU 5635 . falt, 9275 , 9277 . d s. folt, Wb. 11c12 . fult, LU 7693 . a p. fultu, LU 7389 . fulta PH 993 .

(a) the hair of the head (collect.) : f.¤ (gl. coma) Ir. Gl. 77 . deirgech in ḟuilt (gl. glabella) 78. na foilt (gl. pilos), Gild. Lor. 237 . f.¤ quasi fa alt. faldas cadens germanice interpretatur f.¤ didiu cland totim hair is a plant of falling (?) (i.e. which grows downwards ?) O'Mulc. 567 (cf. Corm. Y 616 ). tairbirthar [v.l. tairbertair] foilt c[h]inn imm gnúisiu ZCP ix 450 § 4 . folt tiug sír [leg. siar ?] fair. Thes. ii 237.1 . f.¤ fair amal flesca óir, LU 3639 ( SCC 31 ). buidi f.¤ for findghualaind, IT iii 47 § 76 . falt co ndath óir, Ériu iv 108 . teora trillsi da fult imma cend, TBC-LL¹ 213 . for oenfoiltne dia ḟult LB 127b33 . bée ḟuiltt ... buidichaiss a woman with yellow wavy hair IT i 69.3 ( LMU 4 ). pl. tri fuilt forsin mac sin .i. folt úani ┐ f.¤ corcorda ┐ f.¤ fororda three kinds of hair BDD 105 . tri fuilt bátar fair : dond ... cróderg ... mind órbuide TBC-LL¹ 2713 = faircsi tri folt fair, etc. LU 6541 (cf. folt tri ndath fair, LU 8598 ). Generally of hair of different persons : triar marcach ... tri fuilt derga foraib, BDD 30 ( LU 6781 ). astoidet a foilt ┐ a cuirp, Ériu ii 130.7 . fuilt dubha leo. Marco P. 187 . maithrecha na mac ... ┐ a ḟuilt scailte ba cendaib (in grief) LB 5b30 ( PH 393 ). is bec... na ruc a fultu dia forcléthib, LL 237b3 ( TTr. 1520 ). as é budh ferr ... d'fighe f.¤ , RC xxiv 46.2 . for foltaib na ḟer so, LB 127b42 . d'ḟoltaibh is d'ulchadhaibh na laoch, Keat. iii 4468 . masa urrandus do lethḟ.¤ no do lánḟ.¤ ro benad de [sic leg.], Laws iii 352.15 . Rarely locks, tresses: fuilt sgaoilte ... 'gun Róimh ag éagcaoine a huilc, TD 24.24 In poetry often transf. of a person : a fhalt na ngéag ! O wavy-haired one PBocht 13 § 41 . a ḟolt ... fáinneach !, TD 21.3 . f.¤ na bhfinnghéag (of a chief) 7.48 . see ib. Introd. p. lv .

Rarely of animals : cean each díbh ar drochḟ.¤ (`a bad mane') Leb. Cert. 210.7 . mar ḟ.¤ eich, TD 37.4 . corruighidh sé a ḟ.¤ amhuil cédar (of Behemoth), Job xl 17 (where Engl. A. V. has `tail').

(b) fig. and poetic uses ; of foliage (cf. Lat. coma) : os ḟult ḟidbaide, LL 108a22 ( RC 14.402 ). liriu feoir no f.¤ fídbuide, LB 241ax ( ZCP iii 225 ). for f.¤ feda, RC xxvi 30 (a kenning ? Cf. the gloss : ... dagalt fedai ┐ deich ┐ remi ┐rl. no cranna gae, Rawl. 109b45 = LL 187c19 ). i bhfoltaibh na bhfeadh, TD 4.22 . ? dāltir fledōl for Luignib dia mba f.¤ crīn samraid [leg. crín f.¤ ?], Anecd. i 14.10 . tomaidm Ethne os ḟ.¤ bheatha [sic leg.] the eruption of [the river] Ethne over the sward (?) of the world BB 44a16 = 37a14 . Of thatch of a house : alainn berrthán fil fort, ba slán cot folt, a Dún Náis, AFM i 308 . Of foam of the sea : fairggae findfolt, Thes. ii 290 ( Sg. 112 ). tar fairrge f.¤ , Leb. Gab.(i) i 238 .

Compds.

(1 ) common with adjs. having ... hair ; ... haired ; also fig. of foliage: ¤álainn : da fhiodhbaidh ¤alainn, Anecd. iii 6.13 . ¤bláith : Fionn ... ¤bhlaith, Duan. F. ii 84 . ¤buide yellow-haired: inghean ¤bhuide, Ériu xi 199 . a Edain ... fholtbhuidhe, ML² 463 . ¤chaín (as a sobriquet) : Amadair Flidais ¤chain, ZCP viii 303.8 (cf. Adamair F. f., BB 47b3 = Amathair f. f., LL 128bz . Adammair F. f., Cóir Anm. 25 ). feocus ¤chain (kenning for the birch-tree), Auraic. 5532 . ¤chas curly-locked: Tadg f., ZCP viii 221 § 41 . fiche ced feindeadh f., Duan. F. ii 54 . fon ḟid ḟoltchass, Metr. Dinds. iii 206 . ¤chóem : d'Éber ḟoltchaem LL 127b11 . [mac] Feidelma ¤chaime, Rawl. 156a2 . a Patraic ¤chaoimh, Duan. F. ii 54 . ? ¤chíab : see foltchíp. ¤fiar with wavy hair: aicme ḟoiltḟiar, Duan. F. i 60.13 . ¤finn fair-haired: Fiacha foiltḟionn, DDána 84 § 26 . a Gharaidh ... ḟoiltḟinn !, Ériu i 20 . sēig f.¤ Ferna, Bruchst. § 50 ( IT iii 74 ). ¤garb rough-haired: Feargus f.¤ , Duan. F. ii 150 . tri arrachta ... foltgharbha, ML² 1586 = ( ML 118 ). i mbarr ... na fidhbuidhe foltgairbhi, CCath. 669 . ¤glas of green herbage: fonncheltra foltglasa ... in talman, MR 240.6 . ¤lebor long-haired: fer ... f., LU 8597 . bé ḟind ḟ.¤ , LL 259b37 ( LMU 4 ) ; Ferccus Foltlebur, Rawl. 155b50 . ¤ruad red-haired Acall. 4064 . ¤scailte with dishevelled hair: na fantaisi foltscailte , CCath. 4357 (g p.). fanntaise folt-sgaoilte, TSh. 6680 . ¤snáithech with thread-like hair ZCP xliv 162 , Cóir Anm. ii § 149 : Fiacha Foltṡnáithech .i. samaltá fri snáth ōrdhai in folt ... boí fair, Cóir Anm. 145 . Fiachra Foltsnat[h]ech, ZCP viii 292.32 . ¤tromm dod dhreich foltruim, 23 L 17, 130b ( Studies 1928, 450 ). ¤úaine : Cend Febrat foltúane green-foliaged Metr. Dinds. iii 226 . fa chlár bhfaltuaine bhFréamhann, TD 30.7 .

(2 ) with subst. : ¤gabál seizing by the hair: f. ban (a punishable offence), Cáin Ad. 44 . ¤gal pulling (an opponent's) hair in fight: frisin ṅgleicc ┐ in ḟ. ... dognitis, LB 156a42 . pl. foltgala, Laws v 146.9 Comm. ¤grenn : foltgrend feinned ar foluamain (in battle) `hair of heroes' ( whiskers ?) MR 238.27 . See also foltmaise.

tuitim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tuitim or dil.ie/42434
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tothaim, toitme, t.

n O.Ir. tothaim, n, n. vn. of do-tuit. In Mod. Ir. f., IGT Decl. § 150 . Verbs § 21 , § 29 . Also m.: ait an toitme , 23 P 10, 80 (36) .

(a) act of falling; a fall: combad tothim cen éirge nobed and, Wb. 5b10 . airis ansu de a dothaim mani airissedar ind lam fri talmain oco, Ml. 131b4 . inna totman gl. periculorum casus, 19d4 . ond inund t.¤ gl. eodem lapsu, Goid. 68.2 . ro sáithsom clí ... folaimastair huilethotaim, Trip.² 1736 . casus .i. totaim, O'Mulc. 579 . folt quasi fa alt. Faldas cadens germanice interpretatur. Folt didiu cland totim, 567 - 568 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e) ?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . Cf. cuir cerín ar ait an toitme the part injured by the fall, 23 P 10, 80 (36) . is toitimm no thoited fortt cech fánntais ... dib, LB 155a29 . tuitmenna mince, Tec. Corm. 21.4 . ? tócaib na tuitmeda ina ṅdeiblen `the fallings of the feeble,' Trip. clxvii 17 (or leg. tuitmecha ?). na hídla do thuitimm ┐ do brissed, PH 2139 . a baill dubglassa ic tuitimm de, Three Hom. 80.16 . beimenna tuitmi `felling strokes,' CCath. 6087 . t.¤ dá gabhlaibh don ghréin | go talmhain chnuicfhinn (at day of judgment), DDána 29.17 . co roibhi in long ac t.¤ a ndomuin in aigein sinking , Stair Erc. 1555 . budh mór t.¤ an tighe úd, Luke vi 49.

(b) Extended meanings: ? co turscur Emna Macha .i. co tuttim d'Ultu co Airgialla `after its fall from Ulster to Oriel,' RC xvi 281.8 . iar toitim in lái at the fall of day, SG 62.26 . toitim na brigi o línadh loss of strength, Rosa Angl. 156.2 . t.¤ an fhuilt, 23 K 42, 283.8 . t.¤ =lapsus, RSláinte 270 . as usa neamh ┐ talamh do dhol thart, iona aonphunc don dlighedh dho th.¤ `to fail ,' Luke xvi 17 . gan adhbhar oilbhéime na tuitme dho thabhairt dá [bhur] ndearbhrathair, Romans xiv 13 . as ní robháodhlach t.¤ a lámhuibh an Dé bhéo, Heb. x 31 . With ar act of falling upon, coming on: tenn ┐ toirrthim na tosga sin do th.¤ ... orra, ML² 1059 . atá sin ┐ gach ainiarsma oile ... ag t.¤ ... ar a chloinn, TSh. 507 . cuid daghbharuibh na creach sin do thuit[im] air `why those spoils fell to his lot,' Rel. Celt. ii 196.21 . Of sleep: ni codladh co mbid ac t.¤ ar ecin air, BCC 438.28 . Of prolapse of the womb: labrum anois do tuitim in maclaig mar tecmas do mnaib deis leinim do breith, Irish Texts v 26.8 .

(c) act of falling in battle, being slain; death: tothaimm F., Rawl. B 512, 102c15 . tathaimm n-A., ZCP xiii 378.12 . is tróg ... maic Uisnig do th.¤ i tírib námat, IT i 75.6 . ica innisin dó ... tuittmi F. i frithguin, TBC-LL¹ 5725 . Mac Cecht do th.¤ fochetoir la Conall Cernach, RC xvi 410.4 . rabái ... an toici aga toirmesc thoitmi (in a combat), TTebe 4475 . toitim ar deoraidheacht dó `his death in exile,' Aithd. D. 23.26 . ba deimin leis C. do t[h]. leis, ML² 369.

(d) Legal act of falling due, being forfeit; forfeiture (us. of a pledge, guarantee, etc.): arfeadhur in dicinn dithma on tatma coraile (wd. om. before tatma ?), Laws ii 16.20 .i. ... co ti uidhe adbul cinniudh a dithma no a thotma `total forfeiture or failing,' 23 Comm. co huasal cindid a totma `until the full completion of the forfeiture,' i 102.16 Comm. noch seichim no innsaigim co fuilit trí seoit uada gach tratha ó ro follaighes í, co huasal sloinne a totma, O'D. 613 ( H 3.17, col. 458 ). co beir breth im t.¤ ngill .i. cach inadh a fuil t.¤ in ghill is na fiachaibh, O'Curry 516 ( H 3.18, 260 ). ere beth eg Lochlann mac Namara a caithem a bíd, ┐ a tocbáil a císsa er t.¤ cuice ó Dondchadh Mac Namara (of the devolution of a property, Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 1957 ( Eg. 90, 7 (8)a ). iar t.¤ a n-aitire .i. Scandlain `after the forfeiture of their hostage,' RC xx 46.24 (ACC). t.¤ a fheraind no a luag on tí ticfa taris his land to be forfeit, LL 215a26 . geall tuitmhe a forfeited pledge, LBranach 3412 . ? dorad D. ... braighde ina urlaimh frí hedh dia tt.¤ occa mena ttísadh M. ... dia ccosnamh, AFM ii 1126.x (or in meaning (c) ?). t.¤ ar in agra the claim to be void. Gilbert Facs. IV i plate xxx l. 32 .

(e) act of dropping, shedding : aball oc tuitim a blátha, Stories fr. Acall. 9.229 .